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Sample records for west liberty ia

  1. Solar Liberty | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Solar Liberty Place: Buffalo, New York Zip: 14201 Product: Distributor of PV modules and provides certified installers with complete turnkey PV systems including...

  2. POET-DSM Project LIBERTY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Office(BETO) IBR Project Peer Review POET-DSM Project LIBERTY 2015 DOE Biomass Platform Peer Review (BPR) Larry Ward POET Goal Statement * Project Objectives - Process 700 metric tonnes of biomass for the purpose of manufacturing cellulosic ethanol in a co-located model to optimize relational benefits - Implement a sustainable stover collection, storage and delivery system - Utilize the foresight of previous DOE biomass investments and technology from Joint Venture for rapid deployment of

  3. Project LIBERTY Biorefinery Starts Cellulosic Ethanol Production |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Project LIBERTY Biorefinery Starts Cellulosic Ethanol Production Project LIBERTY Biorefinery Starts Cellulosic Ethanol Production September 3, 2014 - 12:05pm Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 WASHINGTON - Project LIBERTY, the nation's first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant to use corn waste as a feedstock, announced the start of production today. Once operating at full, commercial-scale, the biorefinery in Emmetsburg, Iowa will produce 25 million gallons

  4. Liberty Power Corp. (Maryland) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Phone Number: 1-866-769-3799 Website: www.libertypowercorp.comresid Twitter: https:twitter.comlibertypower Facebook: https:www.facebook.comLibertyPowerCorp Outage...

  5. Liberty Green Renewables LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Green Renewables LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Liberty Green Renewables, LLC Place: Georgetown, Indiana Zip: 47122 Sector: Biomass Product: Biomass power plant developer...

  6. Liberty Power Corp. (Connecticut) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Connecticut) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Liberty Power Corp. Place: Connecticut Phone Number: 1-866-769-3799 Website: www.libertypowercorp.comresid Outage Hotline:...

  7. Liberty Utilities (Gas)- Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Liberty Utilities' program for commercial natural gas customers provides incentives for energy efficient equipment installations and upgrades. Incentives are available for boilers, furnaces, unit...

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Liberty Aircraft Manufacturing...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Liberty Aircraft Manufacturing Company - 025 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Liberty Aircraft Manufacturing Company (025) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year:...

  9. Liberty Turbine Test Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Turbine Test Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Liberty Turbine Test Wind Farm Facility Liberty Turbine Test Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  10. POET Project Liberty, LLC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    POET Project Liberty, LLC POET Project Liberty, LLC Benefits of integrating an innovative lignocellulose-to-ethanol biochemical process into an existing dry-grind corn processing infrastructure. poet_factsheet_12_17_08.pdf (14.12 KB) More Documents & Publications Broin Companies Applicant Organization: Biomass IBR Fact Sheet: POET

  11. Liberty Power Corp. (Delaware) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Corp. Place: Delaware Phone Number: 1-866-769-3799 Website: www.libertypowercorp.com Twitter: https:twitter.comlibertypower Facebook: http:www.facebook.comLibertyPowerCorp...

  12. Liberty Power Corp. (Illinois) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Number: 1-866-769-3799 Website: www.libertypowercorp.comresid Twitter: @libertypower Facebook: https:www.facebook.comLibertyPowerCorp Outage Hotline: 1-866-769-3799 References:...

  13. Liberty Power Corp. (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Number: 1-866-769-3799 Website: www.libertypowercorp.comresid Twitter: @libertypower Facebook: https:www.facebook.comLibertyPowerCorp Outage Hotline: 1-866-769-3799 References:...

  14. Liberty Power Corp. (California) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Number: 1-866-769-3799 Website: www.libertypowercorp.com Twitter: @libertypower Facebook: https:www.facebook.comLibertyPowerCorp References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data...

  15. Liberty, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Liberty is a village in Adams County, Illinois. It falls under Illinois' 18th congressional district.12...

  16. Liberty Power Corp. (Massachusetts) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Phone Number: (1-866-769-3799) Website: www.libertypowercorp.com Twitter: @libertypower Facebook: https:www.facebook.comLibertyPowerCorp Outage Hotline: (1-866-769-3799)...

  17. Liberty Utilities Iowa High Efficiency Equipment Rebate

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Liberty Utilities offers a rebate to its Iowa residential and small business customers for the purchase of high efficiency ENERGY STAR natural gas home heating and water heating equipment....

  18. QER- Comment of Liberty Goodwin

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    . ****************************************************************************** ********* SUBMITTED BY: LIBERTY GOODWIN, CO-OWNER, (WITH PAUL KLINKMAN) KLINKMAN SOLAR DESIGN (KSD), P.O. Box 40572, Providence, RI 02940, Tel. 401-351-9193, E-Mail: info@klinkmansolar.com, Website: www.klinkmansolar.com ******************************************************************************

  19. West Virginia

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia

  20. Liberty Power Corp. (Rhode Island) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Rhode Island Website: www.libertypowercorp.combusin Twitter: @libertypower Facebook: https:www.facebook.comLibertyPowerCorp Outage Hotline: 1-800-465-1212 Outage Map:...

  1. Liberty Utilities (Electric)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Liberty Utilities offers incentives and technical support to help customers implement energy efficiency upgrades to existing homes or build an ENERGY STAR certified home. Eligible equipment...

  2. Liberty County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    A. Places in Liberty County, Georgia Allenhurst, Georgia Flemington, Georgia Fort Stewart, Georgia Gumbranch, Georgia Hinesville, Georgia Midway, Georgia Riceboro, Georgia...

  3. Liberty County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Liberty County, Texas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates...

  4. City of West Liberty, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Iowa Phone Number: (319) 627-2418 or (319) 627-4314 Website: www.cityofwestlibertyia.orgsi Outage Hotline: (319) 627-4314 or (319) 627-2418 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data...

  5. Liberty Utilities- Residential and Small Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Liberty Utilities provides a number of general rebate offerings to customers under the company's Residential Firm Service Rate or the Small Firm General Service Rate. Through this program, rebates...

  6. Liberty Utilities (Electric)- Commercial Energy Efficiency Loan Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Liberty Utilities offers qualified commercial customers zero interest financing for energy efficiency improvements. Customers may borrow up to $50,000 per project and up to $150,000 per year. Loans...

  7. Liberty Power Corp. (New York) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Corp. Place: New York Phone Number: 1-866-769-3799 Website: www.libertypowercorp.com Twitter: @libertypower Facebook: https:www.facebook.comLibertyPowerCorp Outage Hotline:...

  8. POET-DSM: Project Liberty | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    ... is used to generate the thermal power needed by Project LIBERTY-and much of that power required by the adjacent ... to POET's existing first-generation corn ethanol plant in ...

  9. National Park Service Statue of Liberty National Monument | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Park Service Statue of Liberty National Monument National Park Service Statue of Liberty National Monument Overview This energy savings performance contract (ESPC) focuses on improvements to the infrastructure, with the addition of energy-efficient lighting, variable-speed drives, and installation of energy management control systems. The contractor, CES/Way, is investing $1 million, and the utility, Public Service Electric & Gas Company, will provide a rebate of $1.3 million. The

  10. IA Experts Listing 2014 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    IA Experts Listing 2014 IA Experts Listing 2014 PDF icon IA Experts Listing January 2014 More Documents & Publications Office of International Affairs Organization Chart PI...

  11. Rolling Hills (IA) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Rolling Hills (IA) Jump to: navigation, search Name Rolling Hills (IA) Facility Rolling Hills (IA) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  12. Steamboat IA Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    IA Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Steamboat IA Geothermal Facility General Information Name Steamboat IA Geothermal Facility...

  13. McCullough to Liberty fiber optics project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-05-01

    The US Department of Energy, Western Area Power Administration (Western) proposes to replace an existing overhead static wire with a shield wire that contains optical fibers (OPGW) on transmission lines from McCullough Substation, south of Las Vegas, Nevada, to Liberty Substation near Phoenix, Arizona. The replacement will occur on the McCullough-Davis, Davis-Parker No. 2, and Parker-Liberty No. 1 230-kV transmission lines. Western is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the lines. Western prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) entitled ``McCullough to Liberty Fiber Optics Project`` (DOE/EA-1202). The EA contains the analysis of the proposed construction, operation, and maintenance of the OPGW. Based on the analysis in the EA, Western finds that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. The preparation of an environmental impact statement (EIS) is not required, and therefore, Western is issuing this Findings of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

  14. Grand Opening for Project LIBERTY: Nation's First Plant to Use Corn Waste

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    as a Feedstock | Department of Energy Grand Opening for Project LIBERTY: Nation's First Plant to Use Corn Waste as a Feedstock Grand Opening for Project LIBERTY: Nation's First Plant to Use Corn Waste as a Feedstock August 28, 2014 - 12:33pm Addthis POET-DSM's Project LIBERTY in Emmetsburg, Iowa, will celebrate its grand opening September 3, 2014, becoming the first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant to use corn waste as a feedstock. Developed through a joint venture between POET LLC

  15. FIA-16-0024- In the Matter of the American Civil Liberties Union Foundation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On April 1, 2016, OHA issued a decision denying an appeal from a FOIA determination issued by the Office of Information Resources (OIR). In the Appeal, the American Civil Liberties Foundation ...

  16. Category:Mason, IA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Mason, IA Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Mason, IA" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total....

  17. Defining photometric peculiar type Ia supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    González-Gaitán, S.; Pignata, G.; Förster, F.; Gutiérrez, C. P.; Bufano, F.; Galbany, L.; Hamuy, M.; De Jaeger, T.; Hsiao, E. Y.; Phillips, M. M.; Folatelli, G.; Anderson, J. P.

    2014-11-10

    We present a new photometric identification technique for SN 1991bg-like type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), i.e., objects with light curve characteristics such as later primary maxima and the absence of a secondary peak in redder filters. This method is capable of selecting this sub-group from the normal type Ia population. Furthermore, we find that recently identified peculiar sub-types such as SNe Iax and super-Chandrasekhar SNe Ia have photometric characteristics similar to 91bg-like SNe Ia, namely, the absence of secondary maxima and shoulders at longer wavelengths, and can also be classified with our technique. The similarity of these different SN Ia sub-groups perhaps suggests common physical conditions. This typing methodology permits the photometric identification of peculiar SNe Ia in large upcoming wide-field surveys either to study them further or to obtain a pure sample of normal SNe Ia for cosmological studies.

  18. Project Liberty: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-00245

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfrum, E. J.

    2010-08-01

    NREL hosted two teams of POET Project Liberty analysts for week-long biomass compositional analysis (wet chemical analysis) classes (one in 2008, one in 2009). NREL also performed biomass compositional on over 70 samples of corn stover feedstock and pretreated corn stover provided by POET.

  19. EIS-0100: Liberty-Coolidge 230-kV Transmission Line, Arizona

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Western Area Power Administration prepared this statement to assess the potential environmental and socioeconomic implications of various alternatives associated with an upgrade of electrical transmission capability between the Liberty and Coolidge Substations.

  20. Intelligence Analysis (IA) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Intelligence Analysis (IA) Intelligence Analysis (IA) Job Announcement Number: 17-0001-10 Who May Apply: All qualified U.S. citizens Duty Location: Multiple vacancies; most positions are in Washington, DC Metro Area Annual Salary Range: Varies according to specific position Open Period: Varies according to specific position Position Information: Varies according to specific position Job Description Available for Download Submit Resume To submit your resume for Intelligence Analysis (IA), use the

  1. West Virginia - Compare - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia West Virginia

  2. West Virginia - Rankings - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia West Virginia

  3. West Virginia - Search - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia West Virginia

  4. New approaches for modeling type Ia supernovae (Conference) ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are the largest thermonuclearexplosions in the Universe. Their light output can be seen across greatstances and has led to the discovery that the ...

  5. ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS Dark Energy, Type Ia supernovae, radiative

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of Oklahoma Univ. of Oklahoma 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS Dark Energy, Type Ia supernovae, radiative transfer, Dark Energy, Type Ia supernovae, radiative transfer, The...

  6. Constraining Cosmic Evolution of Type Ia Supernovae (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Constraining Cosmic Evolution of Type Ia Supernovae Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Constraining Cosmic Evolution of Type Ia Supernovae We present the first large-scale...

  7. Phil West

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Phil West is the director of communications for the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

  8. Type Ia Supernovae Project at NERSC

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of star called a white dwarf. The majority of SN Ia explosions occur far away from our galaxy; yet, due to their enormous intrinsic brightness, outshining billions of stars, we can...

  9. IA Blog Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    "always be five years away." For four key clean energy technologies, that clean energy future has already arrived. August 21, 2013 IA Blog Archive ActOnClimate: Secretary...

  10. Public health assessment for Petro-Chemical, Inc. (Turtle Bayou) Liberty, Liberty County, Texas, Region 6. CERCLIS No. TXD980873350. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-30

    The Petro-Chemical Systems, Inc. site, located near Liberty, Texas, is a site where unauthorized disposal of petroleum-based oils has taken place. Although there is evidence of past exposure to site contaminants, the best available evidence does not indicate that humans are currently being exposed to site contaminants at levels that could cause adverse health effects. Contaminated ground water, surface water, soils, and surface water sediments have been found on the site. Although sampling was done for 144 priority pollutants, the primary contaminants of concern are benzene, ethylbenzene, xylene, naphthalene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and lead. Because the greatest threat to public health would be contamination of drinking water, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) has recommended that necessary actions are taken to insure that private wells do not become contaminated with site contaminants.

  11. IA Blog Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Blog Archive IA Blog Archive RSS November 1, 2016 IA Blog Archive Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall hosts 2016 U.S.- UAE Strategic Energy Dialogue Washington, DC, October 31, 2016 - The United States of America and the United Arab Emirates today reaffirmed their shared commitment to a strong bilateral relationship during the U.S.-UAE Strategic Energy Dialogue held at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in Washington, D.C. U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Dr. Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall and UAE

  12. Improved Distances to Type Ia Supernovae withMulticolor Light...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    We present an updated version of the Multicolor Light Curve Shape method to measure distances to type Ia supernovae (SN Ia), incorporating new procedures for K-correction and ...

  13. Ideal bandpasses for type Ia supernova cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Tamara M.; Schmidt, Brian P.; Kim, Alex G.

    2005-10-24

    To use type Ia supernovae as standard candles for cosmologywe need accurate broadband magnitudes. In practice the observed magnitudemay differ from the ideal magnitude-redshift relationship either throughintrinsic inhomogeneities in the type Ia supernova population or throughobservational error. Here we investigate how we can choose filterbandpasses to reduce the error caused by both these effects. We find thatbandpasses with large integral fluxes and sloping wings are best able tominimise several sources of observational error, and are also leastsensitive to intrinsic differences in type Ia supernovae. The mostimportant feature of a complete filter set for type Ia supernovacosmology is that each bandpass be a redshifted copy of the first. Wedesign practical sets of redshifted bandpasses that are matched totypical high resistivity CCD and HgCdTe infra-red detector sensitivities.These are designed to minimise systematic error in well observedsupernovae, final designs for specific missions should also considersignal-to-noise requirements and observing strategy. In addition wecalculate how accurately filters need to be calibrated in order toachieve the required photometric accuracy of future supernova cosmologyexperiments such as the SuperNova-Acceleration-Probe (SNAP), which is onepossible realisation of the Joint Dark-Energy mission (JDEM). We considerthe effect of possible periodic miscalibrations that may arise from theconstruction of an interference filter.

  14. A threat-based definition of IA- and IA-enabled products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakamuri, Mayuri; Schaefer, Mark A.; Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2010-07-01

    This paper proposes a definition of 'IA and IA-enabled products' based on threat, as opposed to 'security services' (i.e., 'confidentiality, authentication, integrity, access control or non-repudiation of data'), as provided by Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 8500.2, 'Information Assurance (IA) Implementation.' The DoDI 8500.2 definition is too broad, making it difficult to distinguish products that need higher protection from those that do not. As a consequence the products that need higher protection do not receive it, increasing risk. The threat-based definition proposed in this paper solves those problems by focusing attention on threats, thereby moving beyond compliance to risk management. (DoDI 8500.2 provides the definitions and controls that form the basis for IA across the DoD.) Familiarity with 8500.2 is assumed.

  15. A threat-based definition of IA and IA-enabled products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakamuri, Mayuri; Schaefer, Mark A.; Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2010-09-01

    This paper proposes a definition of 'IA and IA-enabled products' based on threat, as opposed to 'security services' (i.e., 'confidentiality, authentication, integrity, access control or non-repudiation of data'), as provided by Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 8500.2, 'Information Assurance (IA) Implementation.' The DoDI 8500.2 definition is too broad, making it difficult to distinguish products that need higher protection from those that do not. As a consequence the products that need higher protection do not receive it, increasing risk. The threat-based definition proposed in this paper solves those problems by focusing attention on threats, thereby moving beyond compliance to risk management. (DoDI 8500.2 provides the definitions and controls that form the basis for IA across the DoD.) Familiarity with 8500.2 is assumed.

  16. Constraining Cosmic Evolution of Type Ia Supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, Ryan J.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Aguilera, C.; Becker, A.C.; Blondin, S.; Challis, P.; Clocchiatti, A.; Covarrubias, R.; Davis, T.M.; Garnavich, P.M.; Jha, S.; Kirshner, R.P.; Krisciunas, K.; Leibundgut, B.; Li, W.; Matheson, T.; Miceli, A.; Miknaitis, G.; Pignata, G.; Rest, A.; Riess, A.G.; /UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept. /Cerro-Tololo InterAmerican Obs. /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. /Chile U., Catolica /Bohr Inst. /Notre Dame U. /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Texas A-M /European Southern Observ. /NOAO, Tucson /Fermilab /Chile U., Santiago /Harvard U., Phys. Dept. /Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci. /Johns Hopkins U. /Res. Sch. Astron. Astrophys., Weston Creek /Stockholm U. /Hawaii U. /Illinois U., Urbana, Astron. Dept.

    2008-02-13

    We present the first large-scale effort of creating composite spectra of high-redshift type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) and comparing them to low-redshift counterparts. Through the ESSENCE project, we have obtained 107 spectra of 88 high-redshift SNe Ia with excellent light-curve information. In addition, we have obtained 397 spectra of low-redshift SNe through a multiple-decade effort at Lick and Keck Observatories, and we have used 45 ultraviolet spectra obtained by HST/IUE. The low-redshift spectra act as a control sample when comparing to the ESSENCE spectra. In all instances, the ESSENCE and Lick composite spectra appear very similar. The addition of galaxy light to the Lick composite spectra allows a nearly perfect match of the overall spectral-energy distribution with the ESSENCE composite spectra, indicating that the high-redshift SNe are more contaminated with host-galaxy light than their low-redshift counterparts. This is caused by observing objects at all redshifts with similar slit widths, which corresponds to different projected distances. After correcting for the galaxy-light contamination, subtle differences in the spectra remain. We have estimated the systematic errors when using current spectral templates for K-corrections to be {approx}0.02 mag. The variance in the composite spectra give an estimate of the intrinsic variance in low-redshift maximum-light SN spectra of {approx}3% in the optical and growing toward the ultraviolet. The difference between the maximum-light low and high-redshift spectra constrain SN evolution between our samples to be < 10% in the rest-frame optical.

  17. Type Ia Supernova Hubble Residuals and Host-Galaxy Properties...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: Type Ia Supernova Hubble Residuals and ... as distinguished from previous works that use magnitude corrections as a ...

  18. CEPHEID CALIBRATIONS OF MODERN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE: IMPLICATIONS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    CEPHEID CALIBRATIONS OF MODERN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE HUBBLE CONSTANT ... Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 79 ASTROPHYSICS, ...

  19. The Distant Type Ia Supernova Rate

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Pain, R.; Fabbro, S.; Sullivan, M.; Ellis, R. S.; Aldering, G.; Astier, P.; Deustua, S. E.; Fruchter, A. S.; Goldhaber, G.; Goobar, A.; Groom, D. E.; Hardin, D.; Hook, I. M.; Howell, D. A.; Irwin, M. J.; Kim, A. G.; Kim, M. Y.; Knop, R. A.; Lee, J. C.; Perlmutter, S.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schahmaneche, K.; Schaefer, B.; Walton, N. A.

    2002-05-28

    We present a measurement of the rate of distant Type Ia supernovae derived using 4 large subsets of data from the Supernova Cosmology Project. Within this fiducial sample, which surveyed about 12 square degrees, thirty-eight supernovae were detected at redshifts 0.25--0.85. In a spatially flat cosmological model consistent with the results obtained by the Supernova Cosmology Project, we derive a rest-frame Type Ia supernova rate at a mean red shift z {approx_equal} 0.55 of 1.53 {sub -0.25}{sub -0.31}{sup 0.28}{sup 0.32} x 10{sup -4} h{sup 3} Mpc{sup -3} yr{sup -1} or 0.58{sub -0.09}{sub -0.09}{sup +0.10}{sup +0.10} h{sup 2} SNu(1 SNu = 1 supernova per century per 10{sup 10} L{sub B}sun), where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second includes systematic effects. The dependence of the rate on the assumed cosmological parameters is studied and the redshift dependence of the rate per unit comoving volume is contrasted with local estimates in the context of possible cosmic star formation histories and progenitor models.

  20. Search for surviving companions in type Ia supernova remnants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan, Kuo-Chuan; Ricker, Paul M.; Taam, Ronald E. E-mail: pmricker@illinois.edu E-mail: taam@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw

    2014-09-01

    The nature of the progenitor systems of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) is still unclear. One way to distinguish between the single-degenerate scenario and double-degenerate scenario for their progenitors is to search for the surviving companions (SCs). Using a technique that couples the results from multi-dimensional hydrodynamics simulations with calculations of the structure and evolution of main-sequence- (MS-) and helium-rich SCs, the color and magnitude of MS- and helium-rich SCs are predicted as functions of time. The SC candidates in Galactic type Ia supernova remnants (Ia SNR) and nearby extragalactic Ia SNRs are discussed. We find that the maximum detectable distance of MS SCs (helium-rich SCs) is 0.6-4 Mpc (0.4-16 Mpc), if the apparent magnitude limit is 27 in the absence of extinction, suggesting that the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds and the Andromeda Galaxy are excellent environments in which to search for SCs. However, only five Ia SNRs have been searched for SCs, showing little support for the standard channels in the singe-degenerate scenario. To better understand the progenitors of SNe Ia, we encourage the search for SCs in other nearby Ia SNRs.

  1. THE ULTRAVIOLET BRIGHTEST TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA 2011de

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Peter J., E-mail: pbrown@physics.tamu.edu [George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4242 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)

    2014-11-20

    We present and discuss the ultraviolet (UV)/optical photometric light curves and absolute magnitudes of the TypeIa supernova (SN Ia) 2011de from the Swift Ultraviolet/Optical Telescope. We find it to be the UV brightest SN Ia yet observedmore than a factor of 10 brighter than normal SNe Ia in the mid-ultraviolet. We find that the UV/optical brightness and broad light curve evolution can be modeled with additional flux from the shock of the ejecta hitting a relatively large red giant companion separated by 6 10{sup 13} cm. However, the post-maximum behavior of other UV-bright SNe Ia can also be modeled in a similar manner, including objects with UV spectroscopy or pre-maximum photometry which is inconsistent with this model. This suggests that similar UV luminosities can be intrinsic or caused by other forms of shock interaction. The high velocities reported for SN 2011de make it distinct from the UV-bright ''super-Chandrasekhar'' SNe Ia and the NUV-blue group of normal SNe Ia. SN 2011de is an extreme example of the UV variations in SNe Ia.

  2. DIVERSITY OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE IMPRINTED IN CHEMICAL ABUNDANCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsujimoto, Takuji [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Shigeyama, Toshikazu, E-mail: taku.tsujimoto@nao.ac.jp [Research Center for the Early Universe, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

    2012-12-01

    A time delay of Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) explosions hinders the imprint of their nucleosynthesis on stellar abundances. However, some occasional cases give birth to stars that avoid enrichment of their chemical compositions by massive stars and thereby exhibit an SN-Ia-like elemental feature including a very low [Mg/Fe] ( Almost-Equal-To - 1). We highlight the elemental feature of Fe-group elements for two low-Mg/Fe objects detected in nearby galaxies, and propose the presence of a class of SNe Ia that yield the low abundance ratios of [Cr, Mn, Ni/Fe]. Our novel models of chemical evolution reveal that our proposed class of SNe Ia (slow SNe Ia) is associated with ones exploding on a long timescale after their stellar birth and give a significant impact on the chemical enrichment in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). In the Galaxy, on the other hand, this effect is unseen due to the overwhelming enrichment by the major class of SNe Ia that explode promptly (prompt SNe Ia) and eject a large amount of Fe-group elements. This nicely explains the different [Cr, Mn, Ni/Fe] features between the two galaxies as well as the puzzling feature seen in the LMC stars exhibiting very low Ca but normal Mg abundances. Furthermore, the corresponding channel of slow SN Ia is exemplified by performing detailed nucleosynthesis calculations in the scheme of SNe Ia resulting from a 0.8 + 0.6 M{sub Sun} white dwarf merger.

  3. Kanawha County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia Dunbar, West Virginia East Bank, West Virginia Elkview, West Virginia Glasgow, West Virginia Handley, West Virginia Marmet, West Virginia Montgomery, West Virginia...

  4. Putnam County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia Buffalo, West Virginia Culloden, West Virginia Eleanor, West Virginia Hurricane, West Virginia Nitro, West Virginia Poca, West Virginia Teays Valley, West Virginia...

  5. Westly Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Westly Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Westly Group Place: Menlo Park, California Zip: 94025 Product: Clean technology-oriented venture capital firm. References: Westly...

  6. West Valley Demonstration Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Valley Demonstration Project West Valley Demonstration Project West Valley Demonstration Project Aerial View West Valley Demonstration Project Aerial View The West Valley ...

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Titus Metals - IA 04

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based on the limited scope of activities at the site and results of July 1956 survey of the facility IA.04-2 ...

  8. Climate Action Champions: Dubuque, IA | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Dubuque, IA Climate Action Champions: Dubuque, IA The City of Dubuque, Iowa, features a rich history, a diverse arts and cultural scene, and abundant natural beauty, including majestic limestone bluffs along the Mississippi riverfront. Sustainability is among the city’s top priorities for the future. | Photo courtesy of the City of Dubuque. The City of Dubuque, Iowa, features a rich history, a diverse arts and cultural scene, and abundant natural beauty, including majestic limestone bluffs

  9. Fayette County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bridge, West Virginia Meadow Bridge, West Virginia Montgomery, West Virginia Mount Hope, West Virginia Oak Hill, West Virginia Pax, West Virginia Powellton, West Virginia...

  10. Logan County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia Holden, West Virginia Logan, West Virginia Mallory, West Virginia Man, West Virginia Mitchell Heights, West Virginia Mount Gay-Shamrock, West Virginia...

  11. Monongalia County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Virginia Brookhaven, West Virginia Cassville, West Virginia Cheat Lake, West Virginia Granville, West Virginia Morgantown, West Virginia Star City, West Virginia Westover, West...

  12. Raleigh County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Places in Raleigh County, West Virginia Beaver, West Virginia Beckley, West Virginia Bradley, West Virginia Coal City, West Virginia Crab Orchard, West Virginia Daniels, West...

  13. West Virginia University

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Virginia University Mid-Atlantic Region Energy Innovation Forum Report Morgantown, West Virginia * September 12, 2016 Exploring Regional Opportunities in the U.S. for Clean Energy Technology Innovation * Volume 2 11-2 MID-ATLANTIC REGION ENERGY INNOVATION FORUM REPORT Hosted by the the WVU Energy Institute at West Virginia University September 12, 2016 11-3 Mid-Atlantic Region Energy Innovation Forum i CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  14. Circleville, West Virginia 26804

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    94 Circleville, West Virginia 26804 March 28, 2012 Lamont Jackson Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. SW...

  15. A STUDY OF CARBON FEATURES IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA SPECTRA (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A STUDY OF CARBON FEATURES IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA SPECTRA Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A STUDY OF CARBON FEATURES IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA SPECTRA One of the major ...

  16. ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    West Antarctic Radiation Experiment of the most advanced atmospheric research ... From the fall of 2015 to early 2017, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) West ...

  17. West Biofuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Biofuels Place: California Sector: Biofuels Product: West Biofuels LLC is a 2007 start-up company based in California with funding...

  18. Mingo County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Creek, West Virginia Gilbert, West Virginia Kermit, West Virginia Matewan, West Virginia Red Jacket, West Virginia Williamson, West Virginia Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  19. Could there be a hole in type Ia supernovae?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kasen, Daniel; Nugent, Peter; Thomas, R.C.; Wang, Lifan

    2004-04-23

    In the favored progenitor scenario, Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) arise from a white dwarf accreting material from a non-degenerate companion star. Soon after the white dwarf explodes, the ejected supernova material engulfs the companion star; two-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations by Marietta et al. (2001) show that, in the interaction, the companion star carves out a conical hole of opening angle 30-40 degrees in the supernova ejecta. In this paper we use multi-dimensional Monte Carlo radiative transfer calculations to explore the observable consequences of an ejecta-hole asymmetry. We calculate the variation of the spectrum, luminosity, and polarization with viewing angle for the aspherical supernova near maximum light. We find that the supernova looks normal from almost all viewing angles except when one looks almost directly down the hole. In the latter case, one sees into the deeper, hotter layers of ejecta. The supernova is relatively brighter and has a peculiar spectrum characterized by more highly ionized species, weaker absorption features, and lower absorption velocities. The spectrum viewed down the hole is comparable to the class of SN 1991T-like supernovae. We consider how the ejecta-hole asymmetry may explain the current spectropolarimetric observations of SNe Ia, and suggest a few observational signatures of the geometry. Finally, we discuss the variety currently seen in observed SNe Ia and how an ejecta-hole asymmetry may fit in as one of several possible sources of diversity.

  20. Cooperation Reliability Testing of the Clipper Windpower Liberty 2.5 MW Turbine: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-210

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, S.

    2012-05-01

    Clipper Windpower (CWP) has developed the Liberty 2.5 MW wind turbine. The development, manufacturing, and certification process depends heavily on being able to validate the full-scale system design and performance under load in both an accredited structural test facility and through accredited field testing. CWP requested that DOE/ NREL upgrade blade test capabilities to perform a scope of work including structural testing of the C-96 blade used on the CWP Liberty turbine. This funds-in CRADA was developed to upgrade NREL blade test capability, while enabling certification testing of the C-96 blade through the facility and equipment upgrades. NREL shared resource funds were used to develop hardware necessary to structurally attach a large wind turbine to the test stand at the NWTC. Participant funds-in monies were used for developing the test program.

  1. Steven Westly | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Westly About Us Steven Westly - Managing Partner, Westly Group Photo of Steven Westly Steve Westly has built one of the larger clean tech venture capital firms in the U.S. Prior to founding The Westly Group, Steve Westly served as the Controller and Chief Fiscal Officer of the state of California - the world's sixth largest economy. As Controller, he chaired the State Lands Commission and served on 63 other boards and commissions, including CalPERS and CalSTRS, the nation's two largest public

  2. An Analysis of Department of Defense Instruction 8500.2 'Information Assurance (IA) Implementation.'

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2012-01-01

    The Department of Defense (DoD) provides its standard for information assurance in its Instruction 8500.2, dated February 6, 2003. This Instruction lists 157 'IA Controls' for nine 'baseline IA levels.' Aside from distinguishing IA Controls that call for elevated levels of 'robustness' and grouping the IA Controls into eight 'subject areas' 8500.2 does not examine the nature of this set of controls, determining, for example, which controls do not vary in robustness, how this set of controls compares with other such sets, or even which controls are required for all nine baseline IA levels. This report analyzes (1) the IA Controls, (2) the subject areas, and (3) the Baseline IA levels. For example, this report notes that there are only 109 core IA Controls (which this report refers to as 'ICGs'), that 43 of these core IA Controls apply without variation to all nine baseline IA levels and that an additional 31 apply with variations. This report maps the IA Controls of 8500.2 to the controls in NIST 800-53 and ITGI's CoBIT. The result of this analysis and mapping, as shown in this report, serves as a companion to 8500.2. (An electronic spreadsheet accompanies this report.)

  3. Type Ia Supernova Spectral Line Ratios as LuminosityIndicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bongard, Sebastien; Baron, E.; Smadja, G.; Branch, David; Hauschildt, Peter H.

    2005-12-07

    Type Ia supernovae have played a crucial role in thediscovery of the dark energy, via the measurement of their light curvesand the determination of the peak brightness via fitting templates to theobserved lightcurve shape. Two spectroscopic indicators are also known tobe well correlated with peak luminosity. Since the spectroscopicluminosity indicators are obtained directly from observed spectra, theywill have different systematic errors than do measurements usingphotometry. Additionally, these spectroscopic indicators may be usefulfor studies of effects of evolution or age of the SNe~;Ia progenitorpopulation. We present several new variants of such spectroscopicindicators which are easy to automate and which minimize the effects ofnoise. We show that these spectroscopic indicators can be measured byproposed JDEM missions such as snap and JEDI.

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - IEEE IAS PES 102313.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE's ARRA Smart Grid Program Steve Bossart, Senior Energy Analyst IEEE IAS/PES Pittsburgh Section October 23, 2013 # Topics * OE ARRA Smart Grid Program * OE ARRA Smart Grid Progress * Results and Case Studies * Life After ARRA Smart Grid # DOE OE ARRA Smart Grid Program # American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ($4.5B) * Smart Grid Investment Grants (99 projects) - $3.4 billion Federal; $4.7 billion private sector - > 800 PMUs covering almost 100% of transmission - ~ 8000 distribution

  5. Power-law cosmology, SN Ia, and BAO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dolgov, Aleksander; Halenka, Vitali; Tkachev, Igor E-mail: vithal@umich.edu

    2014-10-01

    We revise observational constraints on the class of models of modified gravity which at low redshifts lead to a power-law cosmology. To this end we use available public data on Supernova Ia and on baryon acoustic oscillations. We show that the expansion regime a(t)?t{sup ?} with ? close to 3/2 in a spatially flat universe is a good fit to these data.

  6. Signatures of a companion star in type Ia supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maeda, Keiichi; Kutsuna, Masamichi; Shigeyama, Toshikazu

    2014-10-10

    Although type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) have been used as precise cosmological distance indicators, their progenitor systems remain unresolved. One of the key questions is whether there is a nondegenerate companion star at the time of a thermonuclear explosion of a white dwarf. In this paper, we investigate whether an interaction between the SN ejecta and the companion star may result in observable footprints around the maximum brightness and thereafter, by performing multidimensional radiation transfer simulations based on hydrodynamic simulations of the interaction. We find that such systems result in variations in various observational characteristics due to different viewing directions, and the predicted behaviors (redder and fainter for the companion direction) are the opposite of what were suggested by the previous study. The variations are generally modest and within observed scatters. However, the model predicts trends between some observables different from those observationally derived, so a large sample of SNe Ia with small calibration errors may be used to constrain the existence of such a companion star. The variations in different colors in optical band passes can be mimicked by external extinctions, so such an effect could be a source of scatter in the peak luminosity and derived distance. After the peak, hydrogen-rich materials expelled from the companion will manifest themselves in hydrogen lines, but Hα is extremely difficult to identify. Alternatively, we find that P{sub β} in postmaximum near-infrared spectra can potentially provide a powerful diagnostic.

  7. Independent Activity Report, West Valley Demonstration Project...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Valley Demonstration Project - July 2012 Independent Activity Report, West Valley Demonstration Project - July 2012 July 2012 Operational Awareness Oversight of the West...

  8. Site Programs & Cooperative Agreements: West Valley Demonstration...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    West Valley Demonstration Project Site Programs & Cooperative Agreements: West Valley Demonstration Project West Valley Demonstration Project The Seneca Nation of Indians has ...

  9. Cabell County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Barboursville, West Virginia Culloden, West Virginia Huntington, West Virginia Milton, West Virginia Pea Ridge, West Virginia Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  10. Wetzel County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    5 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Wetzel County, West Virginia Hundred, West Virginia New Martinsville, West Virginia Paden City, West Virginia Pine Grove, West Virginia...

  11. Mineral County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia Keyser, West Virginia Piedmont, West Virginia Ridgeley, West Virginia Wiley Ford, West Virginia Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMineralCou...

  12. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Summary"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Prices" "Sourcekey","N3050WV3","N3010WV3","N3020WV3","N3035WV3","N3045WV3" "Date","Natural Gas Citygate Price in West Virginia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","West Virginia ...

  13. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Summary"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","N3010WV3","N3020WV3","N3035WV3","NA1570SWV3","N3045WV3" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Wellhead Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline ...

  14. Type Ia Supernova Hubble Residuals and Host-Galaxy Properties (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Type Ia Supernova Hubble Residuals and Host-Galaxy Properties Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Type Ia Supernova Hubble Residuals and Host-Galaxy Properties Kim et al. (2013) [K13] introduced a new methodology for determining peak- brightness absolute magnitudes of type Ia supernovae from multi-band light curves. We examine the relation between their parameterization of light curves and Hubble residuals, based on photometry synthesized

  15. The Carnegie Supernova Project: Intrinsic colors of type Ia supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burns, Christopher R.; Persson, S. E.; Freedman, Wendy L.; Madore, Barry F. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Stritzinger, Maximilian; Contreras, Carlos [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Phillips, M. M.; Hsiao, E. Y.; Boldt, Luis; Campillay, Abdo; Castelln, Sergio; Morrell, Nidia; Salgado, Francisco [Carnegie Institution of Washington, Las Campanas Observatory, Colina El Pino, Casilla 601 (Chile); Folatelli, Gaston [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, Todai Institutes for Advanced Study, the University of Tokyo, 277-8583 Kashiwa (Japan); Suntzeff, Nicholas B. [George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)

    2014-07-01

    We present an updated analysis of the intrinsic colors of Type Ia supernova (SNe Ia) using the latest data release of the Carnegie Supernova Project. We introduce a new light-curve parameter very similar to stretch that is better suited for fast-declining events, and find that these peculiar types can be seen as extensions to the population of 'normal' SNe Ia. With a larger number of objects, an updated fit to the Lira relation is presented along with evidence for a dependence on the late-time slope of the B V light-curves with stretch and color. Using the full wavelength range from u to H band, we place constraints on the reddening law for the sample as a whole and also for individual events/hosts based solely on the observed colors. The photometric data continue to favor low values of R{sub V} , though with large variations from event to event, indicating an intrinsic distribution. We confirm the findings of other groups that there appears to be a correlation between the derived reddening law, R{sub V} , and the color excess, E(B V), such that larger E(B V) tends to favor lower R{sub V} . The intrinsic u-band colors show a relatively large scatter that cannot be explained by variations in R{sub V} or by the Goobar power-law for circumstellar dust, but rather is correlated with spectroscopic features of the supernova and is therefore likely due to metallicity effects.

  16. THE HYBRID CONe WD + He STAR SCENARIO FOR THE PROGENITORS OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, B.; Meng, X.; Liu, D.-D.; Han, Z.; Liu, Z.-W.

    2014-10-20

    Hybrid CONe white dwarfs (WDs) have been suggested to be possible progenitors of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). In this Letter, we systematically studied the hybrid CONe WD + He star scenario for the progenitors of SNe Ia, in which a hybrid CONe WD increases its mass to the Chandrasekhar mass limit by accreting He-rich material from a non-degenerate He star. We obtained the SN Ia birthrates and delay times for this scenario using to a series of detailed binary population synthesis simulations. The SN Ia birthrates for this scenario are ∼0.033-0.539 × 10{sup –3} yr{sup –1}, which roughly accounts for 1%-18% of all SNe Ia. The estimated delay times are ∼28 Myr-178 Myr, which makes these the youngest SNe Ia predicted by any progenitor model so far. We suggest that SNe Ia from this scenario may provide an alternative explanation for type Iax SNe. We also presented some properties of the donors at the point when the WDs reach the Chandrasekhar mass. These properties may be a good starting point for investigating the surviving companions of SNe Ia and for constraining the progenitor scenario studied in this work.

  17. Improved Dark Energy Constraints From ~ 100 New CfA Supernova Type Ia Light

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Curves (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Improved Dark Energy Constraints From ~ 100 New CfA Supernova Type Ia Light Curves Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Improved Dark Energy Constraints From ~ 100 New CfA Supernova Type Ia Light Curves We combine the CfA3 supernovae Type Ia (SN Ia) sample with samples from the literature to calculate improved constraints on the dark energy equation of state parameter, w. The CfA3 sample is added to the Union set of Kowalski

  18. Independent Oversight Review, West Valley Demonstration Project...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    West Valley Demonstration Project Transportation - September 2000 Independent Oversight Review, West Valley Demonstration Project Transportation - September 2000 September 2000 ...

  19. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: West Valley Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Valley Demonstration Project Categorical Exclusion Determinations: West Valley Demonstration Project Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by West Valley Demonstration ...

  20. Grouping normal type Ia supernovae by UV to optical color differences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milne, Peter A.; Brown, Peter J.; Roming, Peter W. A.; Bufano, Filomena; Gehrels, Neil

    2013-12-10

    Observations of many Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) for multiple epochs per object with the Swift Ultraviolet Optical Telescope instrument have revealed that there exists order to the differences in the UV-optical colors of optically normal supernovae (SNe). We examine UV-optical color curves for 23 SNe Ia, dividing the SNe into four groups, and find that roughly one-third of 'NUV-blue' SNe Ia have bluer UV-optical colors than the larger 'NUV-red' group. Two minor groups are recognized, 'MUV-blue' and 'irregular' SNe Ia. While we conclude that the latter group is a subset of the NUV-red group, containing the SNe with the broadest optical peaks, we conclude that the 'MUV-blue' group is a distinct group. Separating into the groups and accounting for the time evolution of the UV-optical colors lowers the scatter in two NUV-optical colors (e.g., u – v and uvw1 – v) to the level of the scatter in b – v. This finding is promising for extending the cosmological utilization of SNe Ia into the NUV. We generate spectrophotometry of 33 SNe Ia and determine the correct grouping for each. We argue that there is a fundamental spectral difference in the 2900-3500 Å wavelength range, a region suggested to be dominated by absorption from iron-peak elements. The NUV-blue SNe Ia feature less absorption than the NUV-red SNe Ia. We show that all NUV-blue SNe Ia in this sample also show evidence of unburned carbon in optical spectra, whereas only one NUV-red SN Ia features that absorption line. Every NUV-blue event also exhibits a low gradient of the Si II λ6355 absorption feature. Many NUV-red events also exhibit a low gradient, perhaps suggestive that NUV-blue events are a subset of the larger low-velocity gradient group.

  1. THE BIRTH RATE OF SNe Ia FROM HYBRID CONe WHITE DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meng, Xiangcun [Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China); Podsiadlowski, Philipp, E-mail: xiangcunmeng@ynao.ac.cn [Department of Astronomy, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)

    2014-07-10

    Considering the uncertainties of the C-burning rate (CBR) and the treatment of convective boundaries, Chen et al. found that there is a regime where it is possible to form hybrid CONe white dwarfs (WDs), i.e., ONe WDs with carbon-rich cores. As these hybrid WDs can be as massive as 1.30 M {sub ?}, not much mass needs to be accreted for these objects to reach the Chandrasekhar limit and to explode as Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). We have investigated their contribution to the overall SN Ia birth rate and found that such SNe Ia tend to be relatively young with typical time delays between 0.1 and 1 Gyr, where some may be as young as 30 Myr. SNe Ia from hybrid CONe WDs may contribute several percent to all SNe Ia, depending on the common-envelope ejection efficiency and the CBR. We suggest that these SNe Ia may produce part of the 2002cx-like SN Ia class.

  2. Type Ia supernova rate studies from the SDSS-II Supernova Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dilday, Benjamin

    2008-08-01

    The author presents new measurements of the type Ia SN rate from the SDSS-II Supernova Survey. The SDSS-II Supernova Survey was carried out during the Fall months (Sept.-Nov.) of 2005-2007 and discovered ~ 500 spectroscopically confirmed SNe Ia with densely sampled (once every ~ 4 days), multi-color light curves. Additionally, the SDSS-II Supernova Survey has discovered several hundred SNe Ia candidates with well-measured light curves, but without spectroscopic confirmation of type. This total, achieved in 9 months of observing, represents ~ 15-20% of the total SNe Ia discovered worldwide since 1885. The author describes some technical details of the SN Survey observations and SN search algorithms that contributed to the extremely high-yield of discovered SNe and that are important as context for the SDSS-II Supernova Survey SN Ia rate measurements.

  3. POET Project Liberty, LLC

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    largest ethanol producer, which currently operates 26 production facilities in the United States. The company produces and markets more than 1.5 billion gallons of ethanol ...

  4. West Berkeley Public Library

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Berkeley, CA The West Berkeley Public Library, first opened in December 2013, is the first publicly funded Zero Net Energy public library in California. The library takes advantage of many innovative technologies and passive design strategies to achieve its Zero Net Energy goals. The project's Building Team, led by Harley Ellis Deveraux, partnered with PG&E's Savings By Design program to perform early-stage design analyses including climate modeling, computational fluid dynamics, daylighting, solar modeling, and energy simulations. 04/01/2016 - 15:28

  5. West Virginia: A Compelling Case

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This area, the north- central portion of the state, also ... To preserve the science and engineering talent recruited to ... the business of chemistry throughout West Virginia. ...

  6. Type Ia Supernova Hubble Residuals and Host-Galaxy Properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nearby Supernova Factory; Kim, A. G.; Aldering, G.; Antilogus, P.; Aragon, C.; Bailey, S.; Baltay, C.; Bongard, S.; Buton, C.; Canto, A.; Cellier-Holzem, F.; Childress, M.; Chotard, N.; Copin, Y.; Fakhouri, H. K.; Feindt, U.; Fleury, M.; Gangler, E.; Greskovic, P.; Guy, J.; Kowalski, M.; Lombardo, S.; Nordin, J.; Nugent, P.; Pain, R.; Pecontal, E.; Pereira, R.; Perlmutter, S.; Rabinowitz, D.; Rigault, M.; Runge, K.; Saunders, C.; Scalzo, R.; Smadja, G.; Tao, C.; Thomas, R. C.; Weaver, B. A.

    2014-01-17

    Kim et al. (2013) [K13] introduced a new methodology for determining peak- brightness absolute magnitudes of type Ia supernovae from multi-band light curves. We examine the relation between their parameterization of light curves and Hubble residuals, based on photometry synthesized from the Nearby Supernova Factory spec- trophotometric time series, with global host-galaxy properties. The K13 Hubble residual step with host mass is 0.013 ? 0.031 mag for a supernova subsample with data coverage corresponding to the K13 training; at ? 1?, the step is not significant and lower than previous measurements. Relaxing the data coverage requirement the Hubble residual step with host mass is 0.045 ? 0.026 mag for the larger sample; a calculation using the modes of the distributions, less sensitive to outliers, yields a step of 0.019 mag. The analysis of this article uses K13 inferred luminosities, as distinguished from previous works that use magnitude corrections as a function of SALT2 color and stretch param- eters: Steps at> 2? significance are found in SALT2 Hubble residuals in samples split by the values of their K13 x(1) and x(2) light-curve parameters. x(1) affects the light- curve width and color around peak (similar to the∆m15 and stretch parameters), and x(2) affects colors, the near-UV light-curve width, and the light-curve decline 20 to 30 days after peak brightness. The novel light-curve analysis, increased parameter set, and magnitude corrections of K13 may be capturing features of SN Ia diversity arising from progenitor stellar evolution.

  7. On silicon group elements ejected by supernovae type IA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De, Soma; Timmes, F. X. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ (United States); Brown, Edward F. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Calder, Alan C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY (United States); Townsley, Dean M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States); Athanassiadou, Themis [Swiss National Supercomputing Centre, Via Trevano 131, 6900 Lugano (Switzerland); Chamulak, David A. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States); Hawley, Wendy [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Marseille cedex 13 F-13388 (France); Jack, Dennis, E-mail: somad@asu.edu [Departamento de Astronoma, Universidad de Guanajuato, Apartado Postal 144, 36000 Guanajuato (Mexico)

    2014-06-01

    There is evidence that the peak brightness of a Type Ia supernova is affected by the electron fraction Y {sub e} at the time of the explosion. The electron fraction is set by the aboriginal composition of the white dwarf and the reactions that occur during the pre-explosive convective burning. To date, determining the makeup of the white dwarf progenitor has relied on indirect proxies, such as the average metallicity of the host stellar population. In this paper, we present analytical calculations supporting the idea that the electron fraction of the progenitor systematically influences the nucleosynthesis of silicon group ejecta in Type Ia supernovae. In particular, we suggest the abundances generated in quasi-nuclear statistical equilibrium are preserved during the subsequent freeze-out. This allows potential recovery of Y {sub e} at explosion from the abundances recovered from an observed spectra. We show that measurement of {sup 28}Si, {sup 32}S, {sup 40}Ca, and {sup 54}Fe abundances can be used to construct Y {sub e} in the silicon-rich regions of the supernovae. If these four abundances are determined exactly, they are sufficient to recover Y {sub e} to 6%. This is because these isotopes dominate the composition of silicon-rich material and iron-rich material in quasi-nuclear statistical equilibrium. Analytical analysis shows the {sup 28}Si abundance is insensitive to Y {sub e}, the {sup 32}S abundance has a nearly linear trend with Y {sub e}, and the {sup 40}Ca abundance has a nearly quadratic trend with Y {sub e}. We verify these trends with post-processing of one-dimensional models and show that these trends are reflected in the model's synthetic spectra.

  8. Type Ia supernova Hubble residuals and host-galaxy properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, A. G.; Aldering, G.; Aragon, C.; Bailey, S.; Fakhouri, H. K.; Antilogus, P.; Bongard, S.; Canto, A.; Cellier-Holzem, F.; Fleury, M.; Guy, J.; Baltay, C.; Buton, C.; Feindt, U.; Greskovic, P.; Kowalski, M.; Childress, M.; Chotard, N.; Copin, Y.; Gangler, E. [Université de Lyon, F-69622 Lyon; Université de Lyon 1, Villeurbanne; CNRS and others

    2014-03-20

    Kim et al. introduced a new methodology for determining peak-brightness absolute magnitudes of type Ia supernovae from multi-band light curves. We examine the relation between their parameterization of light curves and Hubble residuals, based on photometry synthesized from the Nearby Supernova Factory spectrophotometric time series, with global host-galaxy properties. The K13 Hubble residual step with host mass is 0.013 ± 0.031 mag for a supernova subsample with data coverage corresponding to the K13 training; at <<1σ, the step is not significant and lower than previous measurements. Relaxing the data coverage requirement of the Hubble residual step with the host mass is 0.045 ± 0.026 mag for the larger sample; a calculation using the modes of the distributions, less sensitive to outliers, yields a step of 0.019 mag. The analysis of this article uses K13 inferred luminosities, as distinguished from previous works that use magnitude corrections as a function of SALT2 color and stretch parameters: steps at >2σ significance are found in SALT2 Hubble residuals in samples split by the values of their K13 x(1) and x(2) light-curve parameters. x(1) affects the light-curve width and color around peak (similar to the Δm {sub 15} and stretch parameters), and x(2) affects colors, the near-UV light-curve width, and the light-curve decline 20-30 days after peak brightness. The novel light-curve analysis, increased parameter set, and magnitude corrections of K13 may be capturing features of SN Ia diversity arising from progenitor stellar evolution.

  9. Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 6): Petro-Chemical (Turtle Bayou), Liberty County, TX. (Second remedial action), September 1991. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-06

    The 500-acre Petro-Chemical (Turtle Bayou) site is in Liberty County, Texas. Current land use in the area is divided among cropland, pasture, range, forest, and small rural communities. Since 1971, numerous undocumented disposal activities occurred onsite involving primarily petrochemical wastes. The ROD for OU2 focuses on three areas of contamination at the site affecting soil and ground water contamination, known as the main waste area, the east disposal area, and the Bayou disposal area. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil and ground water are VOCs including benzene and xylenes; other organics including PAHs; and metals including lead. The selected remedial action for the site includes treating 302,800 cubic yards of contaminated soil onsite using in-situ vapor extraction to remove VOCs, controlling vertical air infiltration using an engineered soil and synthetic liner cap; consolidating lead-contaminated soil in the Main Waste Area, followed by capping.

  10. CfA3: 185 TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA LIGHT CURVES FROM THE CfA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hicken, Malcolm; Challis, Peter; Kirshner, Robert P.; Bakos, Gaspar; Berlind, Perry; Brown, Warren R.; Caldwell, Nelson; Calkins, Mike; Cho, Richard; Contreras, Maria; Jha, Saurabh; Matheson, Tom; Modjaz, Maryam; Rest, Armin; Michael Wood-Vasey, W.; Barton, Elizabeth J.; Bragg, Ann; Briceno, Cesar; Ciupik, Larry; Dendy, Kristi-Concannon E-mail: kirshner@cfa.harvard.edu

    2009-07-20

    We present multiband photometry of 185 type-Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), with over 11,500 observations. These were acquired between 2001 and 2008 at the F. L. Whipple Observatory of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). This sample contains the largest number of homogeneously observed and reduced nearby SNe Ia (z {approx}< 0.08) published to date. It more than doubles the nearby sample, bringing SN Ia cosmology to the point where systematic uncertainties dominate. Our natural system photometry has a precision of {approx}<0.02 mag in BVRIr'i' and {approx}<0.04 mag in U for points brighter than 17.5 mag. We also estimate a systematic uncertainty of 0.03 mag in our SN Ia standard system BVRIr'i' photometry and 0.07 mag for U. Comparisons of our standard system photometry with published SN Ia light curves and comparison stars, where available for the same SN, reveal agreement at the level of a few hundredths mag in most cases. We find that 1991bg-like SNe Ia are sufficiently distinct from other SNe Ia in their color and light-curve-shape/luminosity relation that they should be treated separately in light-curve/distance fitter training samples. The CfA3 sample will contribute to the development of better light-curve/distance fitters, particularly in the few dozen cases where near-infrared photometry has been obtained and, together, can help disentangle host-galaxy reddening from intrinsic supernova color, reducing the systematic uncertainty in SN Ia distances due to dust.

  11. Asia West LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Asia West LLC Name: Asia West LLC Address: One East Weaver Street Place: Greenwich, Connecticut Zip: 06831 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT...

  12. West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in West

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Extracted in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 57,582 77,539 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous

  13. West Stevens Wind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name West Stevens Wind Facility West Stevens Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Under Construction Developer...

  14. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage ...

  15. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Residential Consumption ...

  16. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Industrial Consumption ...

  17. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Total Consumption ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)" ...

  18. West Winds Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Winds Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name West Winds Wind Farm Facility West Winds Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  19. Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive...

  20. Pacific West Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pacific West Energy Place: Vancouver, Washington State Zip: 98661 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Pacific West Energy is a renewable...

  1. Enterprise Assessments Review, West Valley Demonstration Project...

    Energy Savers

    West Valley Demonstration Project. The onsite review was conducted during May 19-22 and June 9-13, 2014. Enterprise Assessments Review, West Valley Demonstration Project - ...

  2. Enterprise Assessments Review, West Valley Demonstration Project...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    management program at the West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) was conducted prior to ... Assessments Review, West Valley Demonstration Project - December 2014 (245.41 KB) ...

  3. West Valley Demonstration Project | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    West Valley Demonstration Project compliance agreements, along with summaries of the agreements, can be viewed here. West Valley Demonstration Project Administrative Consent Order, ...

  4. File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-IA.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    IA.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Iowa Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution (1,650 1,275 pixels,...

  5. Type Ia supernovae yielding distances with 3-4% precision (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A paper copy of this document is also available for sale to the public from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA at www.ntis.gov. The luminosities of Type Ia ...

  6. Low Mach Number Modeling of Type Ia Supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Almgren, Ann S.; Bell, John B.; Rendleman, Charles A.; Zingale,Michael

    2005-08-05

    We introduce a low Mach number equation set for the large-scale numerical simulation of carbon-oxygen white dwarfs experiencing a thermonuclear deflagration. Since most of the interesting physics in a Type Ia supernova transpires at Mach numbers from 0.01 to 0.1, such an approach enables both a considerable increase in accuracy and savings in computer time compared with frequently used compressible codes. Our equation set is derived from the fully compressible equations using low Mach number asymptotics, but without any restriction on the size of perturbations in density or temperature. Comparisons with simulations that use the fully compressible equations validate the low Mach number model in regimes where both are applicable. Comparisons to simulations based on the more traditional an elastic approximation also demonstrate the agreement of these models in the regime for which the anelastic approximation is valid. For low Mach number flows with potentially finite amplitude variations in density and temperature, the low Mach number model overcomes the limitations of each of the more traditional models and can serve as the basis for an accurate and efficient simulation tool.

  7. WEST VALLEY DEVELOPMENT PROJECT WEST VALLEY, NEW YORK NEWS MEDIA...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of high-level waste (HLW) that had been generated by commercial reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel at the Western New York Nuclear Service Center in West Valley, New ...

  8. Cosmological parameter uncertainties from SALT-II type Ia supernova light curve models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosher, J.; Sako, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Guy, J.; Astier, P.; Betoule, M.; El-Hage, P.; Pain, R.; Regnault, N. [LPNHE, CNRS/IN2P3, Universit Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, Universi Denis Diderot Paris 7, 4 place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Kessler, R.; Frieman, J. A. [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Marriner, J. [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Biswas, R.; Kuhlmann, S. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439 (United States); Schneider, D. P., E-mail: kessler@kicp.chicago.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2014-09-20

    We use simulated type Ia supernova (SN Ia) samples, including both photometry and spectra, to perform the first direct validation of cosmology analysis using the SALT-II light curve model. This validation includes residuals from the light curve training process, systematic biases in SN Ia distance measurements, and a bias on the dark energy equation of state parameter w. Using the SN-analysis package SNANA, we simulate and analyze realistic samples corresponding to the data samples used in the SNLS3 analysis: ?120 low-redshift (z < 0.1) SNe Ia, ?255 Sloan Digital Sky Survey SNe Ia (z < 0.4), and ?290 SNLS SNe Ia (z ? 1). To probe systematic uncertainties in detail, we vary the input spectral model, the model of intrinsic scatter, and the smoothing (i.e., regularization) parameters used during the SALT-II model training. Using realistic intrinsic scatter models results in a slight bias in the ultraviolet portion of the trained SALT-II model, and w biases (w {sub input} w {sub recovered}) ranging from 0.005 0.012 to 0.024 0.010. These biases are indistinguishable from each other within the uncertainty; the average bias on w is 0.014 0.007.

  9. GeoPowering the West

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-02-01

    Summary brochure of GeoPowering the West (GPW) activities, and areas of technology transfer and market transformation. It also provides current contact information for key DOE and national laboratory staff representing the GPW program.

  10. West Valley Site History, Cleanup Status, and Role of the West...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Site History, Cleanup Status, and Role of the West Valley Citizen Task Force West Valley Site History, Cleanup Status, and Role of the West Valley Citizen Task Force Presentation...

  11. Type Ia supernovae from merging white dwarfs. II. Post-merger detonations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raskin, Cody; Kasen, Daniel; Moll, Rainer; Woosley, Stan; Schwab, Josiah

    2014-06-10

    Merging carbon-oxygen (CO) white dwarfs are a promising progenitor system for Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), but the underlying physics and timing of the detonation are still debated. If an explosion occurs after the secondary star is fully disrupted, the exploding primary will expand into a dense CO medium that may still have a disk-like structure. This interaction will decelerate and distort the ejecta. Here we carry out multidimensional simulations of 'tamped' SN Ia models, using both particle and grid-based codes to study the merger and explosion dynamics and a radiative transfer code to calculate synthetic spectra and light curves. We find that post-merger explosions exhibit an hourglass-shaped asymmetry, leading to strong variations in the light curves with viewing angle. The two most important factors affecting the outcome are the scale height of the disk, which depends sensitively on the binary mass ratio, and the total {sup 56}Ni yield, which is governed by the central density of the remnant core. The synthetic broadband light curves rise and decline very slowly, and the spectra generally look peculiar, with weak features from intermediate mass elements but relatively strong carbon absorption. We also consider the effects of the viscous evolution of the remnant and show that a longer time delay between merger and explosion probably leads to larger {sup 56}Ni yields and more symmetrical remnants. We discuss the relevance of this class of aspherical 'tamped' SN Ia for explaining the class of 'super-Chandrasekhar' SN Ia.

  12. Mutual Insurance Company of West

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Step : On the right side of the homepage under "Identity The Protection," click on "Create Member Account." Once you log in, create an additional username and password to For more information call - - or visit ARAGLegalCenter.com. Limitations and exclusions apply. Insurance products are underwritten by ARAG Insurance Company of Des Moines, Iowa, GuideOne ® Mutual Insurance Company of West Des Moines, Iowa or GuideOne Specialty Mutual Insurance Company of West Des Moines,

  13. Indeck West Enfield Energy Center Biomass Facility | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Enfield Energy Center Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Indeck West Enfield Energy Center Biomass Facility Facility Indeck West Enfield Energy Center Sector...

  14. Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut Overview The West Haven (Connecticut) Campus of the...

  15. Hampshire County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zone Number 5 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Hampshire County, West Virginia Capon Bridge, West Virginia Romney, West Virginia Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  16. West Bengal State Electricity Board WBSEB | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    WBSEB Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Bengal State Electricity Board (WBSEB) Place: Darjeeling, West Bengal, India Product: West Bengal's state-owned electricity regulation...

  17. MaxWest Environmental Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    MaxWest Environmental Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name: MaxWest Environmental Systems Place: Houston, Texas Zip: 77057 Product: MaxWest Environmental Systems designs,...

  18. Ultraviolet observations of Super-Chandrasekhar mass type Ia supernova candidates with swift UVOT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Peter J.; Smitka, Michael T.; Krisciunas, Kevin; Wang, Lifan; Kuin, Paul; De Pasquale, Massimiliano; Scalzo, Richard; Holland, Stephen; Milne, Peter

    2014-05-20

    Among Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), a class of overluminous objects exist whose ejecta mass is inferred to be larger than the canonical Chandrasekhar mass. We present and discuss the UV/optical photometric light curves, colors, absolute magnitudes, and spectra of three candidate Super-Chandrasekhar mass SNe—2009dc, 2011aa, and 2012dn—observed with the Swift Ultraviolet/Optical Telescope. The light curves are at the broad end for SNe Ia, with the light curves of SN 2011aa being among the broadest ever observed. We find all three to have very blue colors which may provide a means of excluding these overluminous SNe from cosmological analysis, though there is some overlap with the bluest of 'normal' SNe Ia. All three are overluminous in their UV absolute magnitudes compared to normal and broad SNe Ia, but SNe 2011aa and 2012dn are not optically overluminous compared to normal SNe Ia. The integrated luminosity curves of SNe 2011aa and 2012dn in the UVOT range (1600-6000 Å) are only half as bright as SN 2009dc, implying a smaller {sup 56}Ni yield. While it is not enough to strongly affect the bolometric flux, the early time mid-UV flux makes a significant contribution at early times. The strong spectral features in the mid-UV spectra of SNe 2009dc and 2012dn suggest a higher temperature and lower opacity to be the cause of the UV excess rather than a hot, smooth blackbody from shock interaction. Further work is needed to determine the ejecta and {sup 56}Ni masses of SNe 2011aa and 2012dn and to fully explain their high UV luminosities.

  19. West Flank Downhole Temperature Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Doug Blankenship

    2008-03-01

    Downhole temperature data for the three wells inside the West Flank FORGE footprint; 83-11, TCH 74-2 and TCH 48-11. TCH 74-2 and TCH 48-11 were both collected before 1990 and 83-11 was collected in 2009. The are compiled into one spreadsheet for ease of visualization.

  20. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9010WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ...

  1. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9050WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" ...

  2. West Holt Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Project Jump to: navigation, search Name West Holt Wind Project Facility West Holt Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Location NE Coordinates 42.540997, -98.978706...

  3. West Central Soy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Soy Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Central Soy Place: Iowa Product: Biodiesel producer based in Iowa, Owned bu a soy farmer coop References: West Central Soy1 This...

  4. Far West Rice | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Rice Jump to: navigation, search Name: Far West Rice Place: Nelson, California Zip: 95958 Sector: Solar Product: California-based family-owned rice mill. Owns a solar farm...

  5. West Penn Power SEF Commercial Loan Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The West Penn Power Sustainable Energy Fund (WPPSEF) promotes the use of renewable energy and clean energy among commercial, industrial, institutional and residential customers in the West Penn m...

  6. Parkersburg, West Virginia, Disposal Site Fact Sheet

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Parkersburg, West Virginia, Disposal Site This fact sheet provides information about the Parkersburg, West Virginia, Disposal Site. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act Section 151. Location of the Parkersburg, West Virginia, Site Site Description and History The 15-acre Parkersburg site is located 8 miles southwest of Parkersburg, West Virginia, in Wood County, near the east bank of the Ohio River. The surrounding

  7. DOE Awards Contract for the West Valley Demonstration Project...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the West Valley Demonstration Project Probabilistic Performance Assessment DOE Awards Contract for the West Valley Demonstration Project Probabilistic Performance Assessment ...

  8. West Valley Demonstration Project Phase I Decommissioning - Facility...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    West Valley Demonstration Project Phase I Decommissioning - Facility Disposition Partnering Performance Agreement The Department of Energy, West Valley Demonstration Project ...

  9. Strong near-infrared carbon in the Type Ia supernova iPTF13ebh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsiao, E. Y.; Burns, C. R.; Contreras, C.; Hflich, P.; Sand, D.; Marion, G. H.; Phillips, M. M.; Stritzinger, M.; Gonzlez-Gaitn, S.; Mason, R. E.; Folatelli, G.; Parent, E.; Gall, C.; Amanullah, R.; Anupama, G. C.; Arcavi, I.; Banerjee, D. P. K.; Beletsky, Y.; Blanc, G. A.; Bloom, J. S.; Brown, P. J.; Campillay, A.; Cao, Y.; De Cia, A.; Diamond, T.; Freedman, W. L.; Gonzalez, C.; Goobar, A.; Holmbo, S.; Howell, D. A.; Johansson, J.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Kirshner, R. P.; Krisciunas, K.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Maguire, K.; Milne, P. A.; Morrell, N.; Nugent, P. E.; Ofek, E. O.; Osip, D.; Palunas, P.; Perley, D. A.; Persson, S. E.; Piro, A. L.; Rabus, M.; Roth, M.; Schiefelbein, J. M.; Srivastav, S.; Sullivan, M.; Suntzeff, N. B.; Surace, J.; Wo?niak, P. R.; Yaron, O.

    2015-05-22

    We present near-infrared (NIR) time-series spectroscopy, as well as complementary ultraviolet (UV), optical, and NIR data, of the Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) iPTF13ebh, which was discovered within two days from the estimated time of explosion. The first NIR spectrum was taken merely 2.3 days after explosion and may be the earliest NIR spectrum yet obtained of a SN Ia. The most striking features in the spectrum are several NIR C I lines, and the C I?1.0693 ?m line is the strongest ever observed in a SN Ia. Interestingly, no strong optical C II counterparts were found, even though the optical spectroscopic time series began early and is densely cadenced. Except at the very early epochs, within a few days from the time of explosion, we show that the strong NIR C I compared to the weaker optical C II appears to be general in SNe Ia. iPTF13ebh is a fast decliner with ?m15(B) = 1.79 0.01, and its absolute magnitude obeys the linear part of the width-luminosity relation. It is therefore categorized as a transitional event, on the fast-declining end of normal SNe Ia as opposed to subluminous/91bg-like objects. iPTF13ebh shows NIR spectroscopic properties that are distinct from both the normal and subluminous/91bg-like classes, bridging the observed characteristics of the two classes. These NIR observations suggest that composition and density of the inner core are similar to that of 91bg-like events, and that it has a deep-reaching carbon burning layer that is not observed in more slowly declining SNe Ia. Furthermore, there is also a substantial difference between the explosion times inferred from the early-time light curve and the velocity evolution of the Si II ?0.6355 ?m line, implying a long dark phase of ~4 days.

  10. Strong near-infrared carbon in the Type Ia supernova iPTF13ebh

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Hsiao, E. Y.; Burns, C. R.; Contreras, C.; Höflich, P.; Sand, D.; Marion, G. H.; Phillips, M. M.; Stritzinger, M.; González-Gaitán, S.; Mason, R. E.; et al

    2015-05-22

    We present near-infrared (NIR) time-series spectroscopy, as well as complementary ultraviolet (UV), optical, and NIR data, of the Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) iPTF13ebh, which was discovered within two days from the estimated time of explosion. The first NIR spectrum was taken merely 2.3 days after explosion and may be the earliest NIR spectrum yet obtained of a SN Ia. The most striking features in the spectrum are several NIR C I lines, and the C Iλ1.0693 μm line is the strongest ever observed in a SN Ia. Interestingly, no strong optical C II counterparts were found, even though themore » optical spectroscopic time series began early and is densely cadenced. Except at the very early epochs, within a few days from the time of explosion, we show that the strong NIR C I compared to the weaker optical C II appears to be general in SNe Ia. iPTF13ebh is a fast decliner with Δm15(B) = 1.79 ± 0.01, and its absolute magnitude obeys the linear part of the width-luminosity relation. It is therefore categorized as a “transitional” event, on the fast-declining end of normal SNe Ia as opposed to subluminous/91bg-like objects. iPTF13ebh shows NIR spectroscopic properties that are distinct from both the normal and subluminous/91bg-like classes, bridging the observed characteristics of the two classes. These NIR observations suggest that composition and density of the inner core are similar to that of 91bg-like events, and that it has a deep-reaching carbon burning layer that is not observed in more slowly declining SNe Ia. Furthermore, there is also a substantial difference between the explosion times inferred from the early-time light curve and the velocity evolution of the Si II λ0.6355 μm line, implying a long dark phase of ~4 days.« less

  11. Strong near-infrared carbon in the Type Ia supernova iPTF13ebh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsiao, E. Y.; Burns, C. R.; Contreras, C.; Höflich, P.; Sand, D.; Marion, G. H.; Phillips, M. M.; Stritzinger, M.; González-Gaitán, S.; Mason, R. E.; Folatelli, G.; Parent, E.; Gall, C.; Amanullah, R.; Anupama, G. C.; Arcavi, I.; Banerjee, D. P. K.; Beletsky, Y.; Blanc, G. A.; Bloom, J. S.; Brown, P. J.; Campillay, A.; Cao, Y.; De Cia, A.; Diamond, T.; Freedman, W. L.; Gonzalez, C.; Goobar, A.; Holmbo, S.; Howell, D. A.; Johansson, J.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Kirshner, R. P.; Krisciunas, K.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Maguire, K.; Milne, P. A.; Morrell, N.; Nugent, P. E.; Ofek, E. O.; Osip, D.; Palunas, P.; Perley, D. A.; Persson, S. E.; Piro, A. L.; Rabus, M.; Roth, M.; Schiefelbein, J. M.; Srivastav, S.; Sullivan, M.; Suntzeff, N. B.; Surace, J.; Woźniak, P. R.; Yaron, O.

    2015-05-22

    We present near-infrared (NIR) time-series spectroscopy, as well as complementary ultraviolet (UV), optical, and NIR data, of the Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) iPTF13ebh, which was discovered within two days from the estimated time of explosion. The first NIR spectrum was taken merely 2.3 days after explosion and may be the earliest NIR spectrum yet obtained of a SN Ia. The most striking features in the spectrum are several NIR C I lines, and the C Iλ1.0693 μm line is the strongest ever observed in a SN Ia. Interestingly, no strong optical C II counterparts were found, even though the optical spectroscopic time series began early and is densely cadenced. Except at the very early epochs, within a few days from the time of explosion, we show that the strong NIR C I compared to the weaker optical C II appears to be general in SNe Ia. iPTF13ebh is a fast decliner with Δm15(B) = 1.79 ± 0.01, and its absolute magnitude obeys the linear part of the width-luminosity relation. It is therefore categorized as a “transitional” event, on the fast-declining end of normal SNe Ia as opposed to subluminous/91bg-like objects. iPTF13ebh shows NIR spectroscopic properties that are distinct from both the normal and subluminous/91bg-like classes, bridging the observed characteristics of the two classes. These NIR observations suggest that composition and density of the inner core are similar to that of 91bg-like events, and that it has a deep-reaching carbon burning layer that is not observed in more slowly declining SNe Ia. Furthermore, there is also a substantial difference between the explosion times inferred from the early-time light curve and the velocity evolution of the Si II λ0.6355 μm line, implying a long dark phase of ~4 days.

  12. TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA COLORS AND EJECTA VELOCITIES: HIERARCHICAL BAYESIAN REGRESSION WITH NON-GAUSSIAN DISTRIBUTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mandel, Kaisey S.; Kirshner, Robert P. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Foley, Ryan J., E-mail: kmandel@cfa.harvard.edu [Astronomy Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

    2014-12-20

    We investigate the statistical dependence of the peak intrinsic colors of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) on their expansion velocities at maximum light, measured from the Si II ?6355 spectral feature. We construct a new hierarchical Bayesian regression model, accounting for the random effects of intrinsic scatter, measurement error, and reddening by host galaxy dust, and implement a Gibbs sampler and deviance information criteria to estimate the correlation. The method is applied to the apparent colors from BVRI light curves and Si II velocity data for 79 nearby SNe Ia. The apparent color distributions of high-velocity (HV) and normal velocity (NV) supernovae exhibit significant discrepancies for B V and B R, but not other colors. Hence, they are likely due to intrinsic color differences originating in the B band, rather than dust reddening. The mean intrinsic B V and B R color differences between HV and NV groups are 0.06 0.02 and 0.09 0.02 mag, respectively. A linear model finds significant slopes of 0.021 0.006 and 0.030 0.009 mag (10{sup 3} km s{sup 1}){sup 1} for intrinsic B V and B R colors versus velocity, respectively. Because the ejecta velocity distribution is skewed toward high velocities, these effects imply non-Gaussian intrinsic color distributions with skewness up to +0.3. Accounting for the intrinsic-color-velocity correlation results in corrections to A{sub V} extinction estimates as large as 0.12 mag for HV SNe Ia and +0.06 mag for NV events. Velocity measurements from SN Ia spectra have the potential to diminish systematic errors from the confounding of intrinsic colors and dust reddening affecting supernova distances.

  13. Type Ia supernova rate measurements to redshift 2.5 from CANDELS: Searching for prompt explosions in the early universe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodney, Steven A.; Riess, Adam G.; Graur, Or; Jones, David O. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Strolger, Louis-Gregory; Dahlen, Tomas; Casertano, Stefano; Ferguson, Henry C.; Koekemoer, Anton M. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Dickinson, Mark E. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Garnavich, Peter [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Hayden, Brian [E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Jha, Saurabh W.; McCully, Curtis; Patel, Brandon [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Kirshner, Robert P. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Mobasher, Bahram [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Weiner, Benjamin J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Cenko, S. Bradley [Astrophysics Science Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Mail Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Clubb, Kelsey I. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); and others

    2014-07-01

    The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) was a multi-cycle treasury program on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) that surveyed a total area of ?0.25 deg{sup 2} with ?900 HST orbits spread across five fields over three years. Within these survey images we discovered 65 supernovae (SNe) of all types, out to z ? 2.5. We classify ?24 of these as Type Ia SNe (SNe Ia) based on host galaxy redshifts and SN photometry (supplemented by grism spectroscopy of six SNe). Here we present a measurement of the volumetric SN Ia rate as a function of redshift, reaching for the first time beyond z = 2 and putting new constraints on SN Ia progenitor models. Our highest redshift bin includes detections of SNe that exploded when the universe was only ?3 Gyr old and near the peak of the cosmic star formation history. This gives the CANDELS high redshift sample unique leverage for evaluating the fraction of SNe Ia that explode promptly after formation (<500 Myr). Combining the CANDELS rates with all available SN Ia rate measurements in the literature we find that this prompt SN Ia fraction is f{sub P} = 0.53{sub stat0.10}{sup 0.09}{sub sys0.26}{sup 0.10}, consistent with a delay time distribution that follows a simple t {sup 1} power law for all times t > 40 Myr. However, mild tension is apparent between ground-based low-z surveys and space-based high-z surveys. In both CANDELS and the sister HST program CLASH (Cluster Lensing And Supernova Survey with Hubble), we find a low rate of SNe Ia at z > 1. This could be a hint that prompt progenitors are in fact relatively rare, accounting for only 20% of all SN Ia explosionsthough further analysis and larger samples will be needed to examine that suggestion.

  14. SNe Ia tests of quintessence tracker cosmology in an anisotropic background

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miranda, W.; Carneiro, S.; Pigozzo, C. E-mail: saulo.carneiro@pq.cnpq.br

    2014-07-01

    We investigate the observational effects of a quintessence model in an anisotropic spacetime. The anisotropic metric is a non-rotating particular case of a generalized Gödel's metric and is classified as Bianchi III. This metric is an exact solution of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon field equations with an anisotropic scalar field ψ, which is responsible for the anisotropy of the spacetime geometry. We test the model against observations of type Ia supernovae, analyzing the SDSS dataset calibrated with the MLCS2k2 fitter, and the results are compared to standard quintessence models with Ratra-Peebles potentials. We obtain a good agreement with observations, with best values for the matter and curvature density parameters Ω{sub M} = 0.29 and Ω{sub k}= 0.01 respectively. We conclude that present SNe Ia observations cannot, alone, distinguish a possible anisotropic axis in the cosmos.

  15. West Virginia/Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Active AEP Appalachian Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebate Programs (West Virginia) Utility Rebate Program Yes AEP Appalachian Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate...

  16. West Virginia Renewable Electric Power Industry Statistics

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia Primary Renewable Energy Capacity Source Wind Primary Renewable Energy ... - - Hydro Conventional 285 1.7 Solar - - Wind 431 2.6 WoodWood Waste - - MSWLandfill ...

  17. New West Technologies LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    services, and management consulting firm providing services to Federal, state, tribal and corporate clients. References: New West Technologies LLC1 This article is a stub. You...

  18. West Mountain Energy Capital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Mountain Energy Capital Place: Salisbury, Connecticut Zip: 6070 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Provides renewable resource...

  19. West Central Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Cooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Central Cooperative Place: Ralston, Iowa Zip: 51459 Product: Iowa-based agri-business with operations across the United States....

  20. West Point Utility System | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Utility System Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Point Utility System Place: Iowa Phone Number: (319) 837-6313 Website: www.westpointiowa.comwp-utili Facebook: https:...

  1. West Wide Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: West Wide Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision (BLM)Legal...

  2. West Boylston, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Boylston is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts.1 References US Census...

  3. West Brookfield, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Brookfield is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts.1 References US Census...

  4. West Pico Food | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Pico Food Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Pico Food Place: Vernon, California Sector: Solar Product: A distributor of wholesale frozen foods to supermarket chains in...

  5. South West Solar Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: South West Solar Power Place: Gwangju Metropolitan City, Korea (Republic) Product: Korea-based company acting as the operating body for the...

  6. Gabe West | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Gabe West HPC Systems Administrator Specialist Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Avenue Building 240 - Rm. 1120 Argonne, IL 60439 630-252-1094 gwest

  7. Addison (Webster Springs), West Virginia: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Addison (Webster Springs), West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.4780477, -80.4090044 Show Map Loading map......

  8. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Conshohocken is a borough in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. It falls under Pennsylvania's 7th congressional...

  9. TransWest Old | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Old Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: TransWest Old EIS NEPA name unknown General NEPA Document Info Environmental Analysis Type EIS Applicant Not Provided...

  10. West Valley Demonstration Project Administrative Consent Order...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) Adminstrative Consent Order, August 27, 1996 State New York Agreement Type Consent Order Legal Driver(s) FFCAct Scope Summary Establish ...

  11. WestStart CALSTART | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    California Zip: 91106 Product: String representation "WestStart-CALST ... nd create jobs." is too long. Coordinates: 29.690847, -95.196308 Show Map Loading map......

  12. West Valley Demonstration Project Waste Management Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    West Valley Demonstration Project Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement ... June 7, 2006 WVDP Waste Management US - Supplement Analysis Table of Contents 1.0 PURPOSE ...

  13. THE EARLIEST NEAR-INFRARED TIME-SERIES SPECTROSCOPY OF A TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsiao, E. Y.; Phillips, M. M.; Morrell, N.; Contreras, C.; Roth, M.; Marion, G. H.; Kirshner, R. P.; Burns, C. R.; Freedman, W. L.; Persson, S. E.; Winge, C.; Gerardy, C. L.; Hoeflich, P.; Im, M.; Jeon, Y.; Pignata, G.; Stanishev, V.; and others

    2013-04-01

    We present ten medium-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio near-infrared (NIR) spectra of SN 2011fe from SpeX on the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF) and Gemini Near-Infrared Spectrograph (GNIRS) on Gemini North, obtained as part of the Carnegie Supernova Project. This data set constitutes the earliest time-series NIR spectroscopy of a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia), with the first spectrum obtained at 2.58 days past the explosion and covering -14.6 to +17.3 days relative to B-band maximum. C I {lambda}1.0693 {mu}m is detected in SN 2011fe with increasing strength up to maximum light. The delay in the onset of the NIR C I line demonstrates its potential to be an effective tracer of unprocessed material. For the first time in a SN Ia, the early rapid decline of the Mg II {lambda}1.0927 {mu}m velocity was observed, and the subsequent velocity is remarkably constant. The Mg II velocity during this constant phase locates the inner edge of carbon burning and probes the conditions under which the transition from deflagration to detonation occurs. We show that the Mg II velocity does not correlate with the optical light-curve decline rate {Delta}m{sub 15}(B). The prominent break at {approx}1.5 {mu}m is the main source of concern for NIR k-correction calculations. We demonstrate here that the feature has a uniform time evolution among SNe Ia, with the flux ratio across the break strongly correlated with {Delta}m{sub 15}(B). The predictability of the strength and the onset of this feature suggests that the associated k-correction uncertainties can be minimized with improved spectral templates.

  14. Comparing the host galaxies of type Ia, type II, and type Ibc supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shao, X.; Liang, Y. C.; Chen, X. Y.; Zhong, G. H.; Deng, L. C.; Zhang, B.; Shi, W. B.; Zhou, L.; Dennefeld, M.; Hammer, F.; Flores, H. E-mail: ycliang@bao.ac.cn

    2014-08-10

    We compare the host galaxies of 902 supernovae (SNe), including SNe Ia, SNe II, and SNe Ibc, which are selected by cross-matching the Asiago Supernova Catalog with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 7. We selected an additional 213 galaxies by requiring the light fraction of spectral observations to be >15%, which could represent well the global properties of the galaxies. Among these 213 galaxies, 135 appear on the Baldwin-Phillips-Terlevich diagram, which allows us to compare the hosts in terms of whether they are star-forming (SF) galaxies, active galactic nuclei (AGNs; including composites, LINERs, and Seyfert 2s) or absorption-line galaxies (Absorps; i.e., their related emission lines are weak or non-existent). The diagrams related to the parameters D{sub n}(4000), H?{sub A}, stellar masses, star formation rates (SFRs), and specific SFRs for the SNe hosts show that almost all SNe II and most of the SNe Ibc occur in SF galaxies, which have a wide range of stellar masses and low D{sub n}(4000). The SNe Ia hosts as SF galaxies following similar trends. A significant fraction of SNe Ia occurs in AGNs and absorption-line galaxies, which are massive and have high D{sub n}(4000). The stellar population analysis from spectral synthesis fitting shows that the hosts of SNe II have a younger stellar population than hosts of SNe Ia. These results are compared with those of the 689 comparison galaxies where the SDSS fiber captures less than 15% of the total light. These comparison galaxies appear biased toward higher 12+log(O/H) (?0.1 dex) at a given stellar mass. Therefore, we believe the aperture effect should be kept in mind when the properties of the hosts for different types of SNe are discussed.

  15. GeoPowering the West - The Bountiful, Clean Energy Source for the West

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-09-01

    General brochure outlining benefits and activities of DOE Geothermal Technologies Program GeoPowering the West project.

  16. Optical and ultraviolet observations of the narrow-lined type Ia SN 2012fr in NGC 1365

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Ju-Jia; Bai, Jin-Ming; Wang, Bo; Liu, Zheng-Wei [Yunnan Observatories (YNAO), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China); Wang, Xiao-Feng; Zhao, Xu-Lin; Chen, Jun-Cheng [Physics Department and Tsinghua Center for Astrophysics (THCA), Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhang, Tian-Meng, E-mail: jujia@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: baijinming@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: wang_xf@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn [National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

    2014-07-01

    Extensive optical and ultraviolet (UV) observations of the type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2012fr are presented in this paper. It has a relatively high luminosity, with an absolute B-band peak magnitude of about 19.5 mag and a smaller post-maximum decline rate than normal SNe Ia (e.g., ?m {sub 15}(B) =0.85 0.05 mag). Based on the UV and optical light curves, we derived that a {sup 56}Ni mass of about 0.88 M {sub ?} was synthesized in the explosion. The earlier spectra are characterized by noticeable high-velocity features of Si II ?6355 and Ca II with velocities in the range of ?22, 000-25, 000 km s{sup 1}. At around the maximum light, these spectral features are dominated by the photospheric components which are noticeably narrower than normal SNe Ia. The post-maximum velocity of the photosphere remains almost constant at ?12,000 km s{sup 1} for about one month, reminiscent of the behavior of some luminous SNe Ia like SN 1991T. We propose that SN 2012fr may represent a subset of the SN 1991T-like SNe Ia viewed in a direction with a clumpy or shell-like structure of ejecta, in terms of a significant level of polarization reported in Maund et al. in 2013.

  17. West Virginia Natural Gas Processed in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Processed in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 116,955 189,278 315,229 867,111 1,090,383 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Processed West Virginia-West Virginia Natural Gas

  18. West Maui Groundwater Flow Model

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Nicole Lautze

    2015-01-01

    Groundwater flow model for West Maui. Data is from the following sources: Whittier, R. and A.I. El-Kadi. 2014. Human and Environmental Risk Ranking of Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems For the Hawaiian Islands of Kauai, Molokai, Maui, and Hawaii – Final. Prepared by the University of Hawaii, Dept. of Geology and Geophysics for the State of Hawaii Dept. of Health, Safe Drinking Water Branch. September 2014; and Whittier, R.B., K. Rotzoll, S. Dhal, A.I. El-Kadi, C. Ray, G. Chen, and D. Chang. 2004. Hawaii Source Water Assessment Program Report – Volume V – Island of Maui Source Water Assessment Program Report. Prepared for the Hawaii Department of Health, Safe Drinking Water Branch. University of Hawaii, Water Resources Research Center. Updated 2008.

  19. West Maui Groundwater Flow Model

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Nicole Lautze

    2015-01-01

    Groundwater flow model for West Maui. Data is from the following sources: Whittier, R. and A.I. El-Kadi. 2014. Human and Environmental Risk Ranking of Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems For the Hawaiian Islands of Kauai, Molokai, Maui, and Hawaii Final. Prepared by the University of Hawaii, Dept. of Geology and Geophysics for the State of Hawaii Dept. of Health, Safe Drinking Water Branch. September 2014; and Whittier, R.B., K. Rotzoll, S. Dhal, A.I. El-Kadi, C. Ray, G. Chen, and D. Chang. 2004. Hawaii Source Water Assessment Program Report Volume V Island of Maui Source Water Assessment Program Report. Prepared for the Hawaii Department of Health, Safe Drinking Water Branch. University of Hawaii, Water Resources Research Center. Updated 2008.

  20. High West Energy, Inc (Nebraska) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Energy, Inc Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 307.245.9292 Website: highwestenergy.com Twitter: @HighWestEnergy Facebook: https:www.facebook.comHighWestEnergy Outage Hotline:...

  1. Morgan County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zone Number 4 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Morgan County, West Virginia Bath (Berkeley Springs), West Virginia Paw Paw, West Virginia Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia CNG Corridor Now Open

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    West Virginia CNG Corridor Now Open to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia CNG Corridor Now Open on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia CNG Corridor Now Open on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia CNG Corridor Now Open on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia CNG Corridor Now Open on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia CNG Corridor Now Open on Digg Find More

  3. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSWVMMCF" "Date","West Virginia ...

  4. West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency WBREDA | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    WBREDA Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency (WBREDA) Place: Calcutta, West Bengal, India Zip: 700091 Sector: Renewable Energy Product:...

  5. Geographic Information System At U.S. West Region (Williams ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    U.S. West Region (Williams & Deangelo, 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At U.S. West Region...

  6. West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry ...

  7. West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production (Million Cubic...

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    Liquids Production (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production ... NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Processing NGPL ...

  8. West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...

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    Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry ...

  9. West Virginia Natural Gas Repressuring (Million Cubic Feet)

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    Repressuring (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Repressuring (Million Cubic ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Used for Repressuring West Virginia Natural Gas Gross ...

  10. West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production ...

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    Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Proved ...

  11. West Virginia Natural Gas Processed (Million Cubic Feet)

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    Processed (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Processed (Million Cubic Feet) ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Processed West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Processing Natural ...

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    West Virginia Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million ... Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value West Virginia ...

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  14. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"

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    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption ... PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption ...

  15. West Virginia Natural Gas Total Consumption (Million Cubic Feet...

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    Total Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Total Consumption ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Consumption West Virginia Natural Gas Consumption by End Use ...

  16. ,"West Virginia Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease...

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    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet ... PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet ...

  17. West Virginia Natural Gas Wellhead Price (Dollars per Thousand...

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    Wellhead Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Wellhead Price ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Wellhead Price West Virginia Natural Gas Prices Natural Gas ...

  18. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Consumption by End Use"

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    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Consumption by End ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Consumption by End Use" ...

  19. ,"West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion...

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    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Expected Future ... PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Expected Future ...

  20. West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet...

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    Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic ... Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Proved ...

  1. West Virginia Natural Gas Lease Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic...

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    Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Lease Fuel Consumption ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Lease Fuel Consumption West Virginia Natural Gas Consumption ...

  2. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved...

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    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, ... PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, ...

  3. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf...

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    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity ...

  4. ,"West Virginia Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed"

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    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Heat Content of Natural Gas ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed

  5. West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves ...

  6. West Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price West Virginia Natural Gas Prices Natural ...

  7. Merle West Medical Center Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Merle West Medical Center Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Merle West Medical Center Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  8. Wind Energy Systems Technologies LLC WEST | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Systems Technologies LLC WEST Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wind Energy Systems Technologies LLC (WEST) Place: New Iberia, Louisiana Sector: Wind energy Product: Wants to...

  9. West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    A. Places in West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana Addis, Louisiana Brusly, Louisiana Port Allen, Louisiana Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWestBatonRoug...

  10. Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Union Green Transformation Project Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project ... These grant funds will be used to close up their buildings-making them more energy ...

  11. Monongahela Power Co (West Virginia) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Monongahela Power Co (West Virginia) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Monongahela Power Co Place: West Virginia Phone Number: (304) 329-3616 Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  12. West Virginia's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in West Virginia. Registered Research Institutions in West Virginia's 1st congressional...

  13. Economic Community of West African States | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Economic Community of West African States Jump to: navigation, search Name: Economic Community of West African States Address: 101, Yakubu Gowon Crescent, Asokoro District Place:...

  14. West Bengal Green Energy Development Corporation WBGEDC | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bengal Green Energy Development Corporation WBGEDC Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Bengal Green Energy Development Corporation (WBGEDC) Place: Kolkata, West Bengal, India...

  15. Proposed Energy Transport Corridors: West-wide energy corridor...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Proposed Energy Transport Corridors: West-wide energy corridor programmatic EIS, Draft Corridors - September 2007. Proposed Energy Transport Corridors: West-wide energy corridor ...

  16. West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 ... 10312016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use West Virginia Natural ...

  17. West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and ... Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use West Virginia ...

  18. Contract Awarded for West Valley Demonstration Project Data Management...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Contract Awarded for West Valley Demonstration Project Data Management System, Technical Services Contract Awarded for West Valley Demonstration Project Data Management System, ...

  19. Enforcement Letter, West Valley Nuclear Services- March 30, 1998

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Issued to West Valley Nuclear Services related to Hazard Analysis, Design Review, Work Control Implementation, and a Contamination Event at the West Valley Demonstration Project

  20. Berkeley County, West Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Berkeley County, West Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berkeley County, West Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

  1. ,"West Virginia Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs ... to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs ...

  2. DOE Issues RFP for West Valley Demonstration Project Probabilistic...

    Energy Savers

    RFP for West Valley Demonstration Project Probabilistic Performance Assessment DOE Issues RFP for West Valley Demonstration Project Probabilistic Performance Assessment April 2, ...

  3. Enterprise Assessments Review of the West Valley Demonstration...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    West Valley Demonstration Project Site Fire Protection Program - March 2016 Enterprise Assessments Review of the West Valley Demonstration Project Site Fire Protection Program - ...

  4. West Valley Demonstration Project: A Short History and Status...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Project: A Short History and Status West Valley Demonstration Project: A Short History and ... 2013 in Buffalo, NY. West Valley Demonstration Project: A Short History and Status ...

  5. Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West...

    Energy Savers

    West Valley Demonstration Project and the Western New York Nuclear Service Center Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West Valley Demonstration Project and ...

  6. FTCP Site Specific Information - West Valley Demonstration Project...

    Energy Savers

    West Valley Demonstration Project FTCP Site Specific Information - West Valley Demonstration Project Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report Calendar Year 2012

  7. South West Interconnected System SWIS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: South West Interconnected System (SWIS) Place: Perth, Western Australia, Australia Zip: 6000 Product: Utility serving South West Australia, a subsidiary of...

  8. New Mexico - West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease ...

  9. A SUPER-EDDINGTON WIND SCENARIO FOR THE PROGENITORS OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Xin; Chen, Xuefei; Chen, Hai-liang; Han, Zhanwen; Denissenkov, Pavel A. E-mail: cxf@ynao.ac.cn

    2013-12-01

    The accretion of hydrogen-rich material on to carbon-oxygen white dwarfs (CO WDs) is crucial for understanding Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) from the single-degenerate model, but this process has not been well understood due to the numerical difficulties in treating H and He flashes during the accretion. For CO WD masses from 0.5 to 1.378 M {sub ?} and accretion rates in the range from 10{sup 8} to 10{sup 5} M {sub ?} yr{sup 1}, we simulated the accretion of solar-composition material on to CO WDs using the state-of-the-art stellar evolution code of MESA. For comparison with steady-state models, we first ignored the contribution from nuclear burning to the luminosity when determining the Eddington accretion rate, and found that the properties of H burning in our accreting CO WD models are similar to those from the steady-state models, except that the critical accretion rates at which the WDs turn into red giants or H-shell flashes occur on their surfaces are slightly higher than those from the steady-state models. However, the super-Eddington wind is triggered at much lower accretion rates than previously thought, when the contribution of nuclear burning to the total luminosity is included. This super-Eddington wind naturally prevents the CO WDs with high accretion rates from becoming red giants, thus presenting an alternative to the optically thick wind proposed by Hachisu etal. Furthermore, the super-Eddington wind works in low-metallicity environments, which may explain SNe Ia observed at high redshifts.

  10. SPECTROPOLARIMETRY OF THE TYPE Ia SN 2007sr TWO MONTHS AFTER MAXIMUM LIGHT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zelaya, P.; Quinn, J. R.; Clocchiatti, A.; Baade, D.; Patat, F.; Hoeflich, P.; Maund, J.; Wang, L.; Wheeler, J. C.

    2013-02-01

    We present late-time spectropolarimetric observations of SN 2007sr, obtained with the Very Large Telescope at the ESO Paranal Observatory when the object was 63 days after maximum light. The late-time spectrum displays strong line polarization in the Ca II absorption features. SN 2007sr adds to the case of some normal Type Ia supernovae that show high line polarization or repolarization at late times, a fact that might be connected with the presence of high-velocity features at early times.

  11. Mid West Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Product: Western Australian-based Mid West Energy is proposing to build a 200MW solar thermal plant near Perenjori. Coordinates: -31.95302, 115.857239 Show Map Loading...

  12. FINAL-west-doe-rfi-comments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... not hesitate to contact me at ebakken@tep.com or by telephone at (520) 918-8351. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely, Erik Bakken, President of the Board WEST Associates

  13. Gravity Data for west-central Colorado

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Zehner, Richard

    2012-04-06

    West -108.366692 East -105.478847 North 40.932361 South 36.961606 Data from From University of Texas: Pan American Center for Earth and Environmental Studies

  14. West Yarmouth, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Yarmouth is a census-designated place in Barnstable County, Massachusetts.1...

  15. West Coast Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Coast Energy Ltd Place: Mold, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: CH7 4EW Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind farm developer. Coordinates:...

  16. West Falmouth, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Falmouth is a census-designated place in Barnstable County, Massachusetts.1...

  17. West Springfield, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Springfield is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts.1 References US Census...

  18. West Virginia University | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    WVU Place: Morgantown, West Virginia Zip: 26506 Region: Eastern US Year Founded: 1867 References: WVU official website1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  19. West Flank Cosa, CA FORGE Test Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doug Blankenship

    2015-11-15

    A map with the Coso West Flank FORGE test area outlined, along with regional seismicity, the aeromagnetic data set and the area currently being utilized for the creation of the 3D model.

  20. West Virginia Consumers Have Appliance Rebate 'Trifecta'

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    West Virginians didn’t waste any time in taking advantage of the Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program. Only three months in, and almost half of the available $1.7 million is already spoken for.

  1. Gravity Data for west-central Colorado

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Zehner, Richard

    West -108.366692 East -105.478847 North 40.932361 South 36.961606 Data from From University of Texas: Pan American Center for Earth and Environmental Studies

  2. Regional Planning Process in the West

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Planning Process in the West Robert H. Easton Tribal Webinar Series March 30, 2016 Transmission Planning in the Western Interconnection  Transmission Planning in the Western Interconnection has been, is, and will continue to be a hierarchy of local, regional, and interconnection-wide coordinated planning efforts  Pre-Order 890 - CAISO, NTTG, ColumbiaGrid, and WestConnect were already forums for collaboration and coordination - WECC PCC Project Coordination and Path Rating Process, Annual

  3. West Valley Demonstration Project Unique Remote Operations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Approved for Public Release; Further Dissemination Unlimited West Valley Demonstration Project 2016 EM Success Story Jeff Bradford, President and General Manager CH2M HILL BWXT West Valley, LLC. September 14, 2016 www.energy.gov/EM 2 2016 Goals * Excellent Safety Performance * Complete the High-Level Waste Relocation and Storage Project * Complete the offsite shipment and disposal of the vitrification components (Melter, CFMT and MHFT) * Complete demolition preparations in the Extraction Cells

  4. Spectroscopic Observations and Analysis of the Unusual Type Ia SN1999ac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garavini, G.; Aldering, G.; Amadon, A.; Amanullah, R.; Astier,P.; Balland, C.; Blanc, G.; Conley, A.; Dahlen, T.; Deustua, S.E.; Ellis,R.; Fabbro, S.; Fadeyev, V.; Fan, X.; Folatelli, G.; Frye, B.; Gates,E.L.; Gibbons, R.; Goldhaber, G.; Goldman, B.; Goobar, A.; Groom, D.E.; Haissinski, J.; Hardin, D.; Hook, I.; Howell, D.A.; Kent, S.; Kim, A.G.; Knop, R.A.; Kowalski, M.; Kuznetsova, N.; Lee, B.C.; Lidman, C.; Mendez,J.; Miller, G.J.; Moniez, M.; Mouchet, M.; Mourao, A.; Newberg, H.; Nobili, S.; Nugent, P.E.; Pain, R.; Perdereau, O.; Perlmutter, S.; Quimby, R.; Regnault, N.; Rich, J.; Richards, G.T.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schaefer, B.E.; Schahmaneche, K.; Smith, E.; Spadafora, A.L.; Stanishev,V.; Thomas, R.C.; Walton, N.A.; Wang, L.; Wood-Vasey, W.M.

    2005-07-12

    The authors present optical spectra of the peculiar Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 1999ac. The data extend from -15 to +42 days with respect to B-band maximum and reveal an event that is unusual in several respects. prior to B-band maximum, the spectra resemble those of SN 1999aa, a slowly declining event, but possess stronger Si II and Ca II signatures (more characteristic of a spectroscopically normal SN). Spectra after B-band maximum appear more normal. The expansion velocities inferred from the Iron lines appear to be lower than average; whereas, the expansion velocity inferred from Calcium H and K are higher than average. The expansion velocities inferred from the Iron lines appear to be lower than average; whereas, the expansion velocity inferred from Calcium H and K are higher than average. The expansion velocities inferred from Si II are among the slowest ever observed, though SN 1999ac is not particularly dim. The analysis of the parameters v{sub 10}(Si II), R(Si II), v, and {Delta}m{sub 15} further underlines the unique characteristics of SN 1999ac. They find convincing evidence of C II {lambda}6580 in the day -15 spectrum with ejection velocity v > 16,000 km s{sup -1}, but this signature disappears by day -9. This rapid evolution at early times highlights the importance of extremely early-time spectroscopy.

  5. Spectroscopic Determination of the Low Redshift Type Ia Supernova Rate from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krughoff, K. S.; Connolly, Andrew J.; Frieman, Joshua; SubbaRao, Mark; Kilper, Gary; Schneider, Donald P.

    2011-04-10

    Supernova rates are directly coupled to high mass stellar birth and evolution. As such, they are one of the few direct measures of the history of cosmic stellar evolution. In this paper we describe an probabilistic technique for identifying supernovae within spectroscopic samples of galaxies. We present a study of 52 type Ia supernovae ranging in age from -14 days to +40 days extracted from a parent sample of \\simeq 50,000 spectra from the SDSS DR5. We find a Supernova Rate (SNR) of 0.472^{+0.048}_{-0.039}(Systematic)^{+0.081}_{-0.071}(Statistical)SNu at a redshift of = 0.1. This value is higher than other values at low redshift at the 1{\\sigma}, but is consistent at the 3{\\sigma} level. The 52 supernova candidates used in this study comprise the third largest sample of supernovae used in a type Ia rate determination to date. In this paper we demonstrate the potential for the described approach for detecting supernovae in future spectroscopic surveys.

  6. TYCHO SN 1572: A NAKED Ia SUPERNOVA REMNANT WITHOUT AN ASSOCIATED AMBIENT MOLECULAR CLOUD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian, W. W.; Leahy, D. A.

    2011-03-10

    The historical supernova remnant (SNR) Tycho SN 1572 originates from the explosion of a normal Type Ia supernova that is believed to have originated from a carbon-oxygen white dwarf in a binary system. We analyze the 21 cm continuum, H I, and {sup 12}CO-line data from the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey in the direction of SN 1572 and the surrounding region. We construct H I absorption spectra to SN 1572 and three nearby compact sources. We conclude that SN 1572 has no molecular cloud interaction, which argues against previous claims that a molecular cloud is interacting with the SNR. This new result does not support a recent claim that dust, newly detected by AKARI, originates from such an SNR-cloud interaction. We suggest that the SNR has a kinematic distance of 2.5-3.0 kpc based on a nonlinear rotational curve model. Very high energy {gamma}-ray emission from the remnant has been detected by the VERITAS telescope, so our result shows that its origin should not be an SNR-cloud interaction. Both radio and X-ray observations support that SN 1572 is an isolated Type Ia SNR.

  7. Consistent use of type Ia supernovae highly magnified by galaxy clusters to constrain the cosmological parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zitrin, Adi [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, MS 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Redlich, Matthias [Universitt Heidelberg, Zentrum fr Astronomie, Institut fr Theoretische Astrophysik, Philosophenweg 12, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Broadhurst, Tom, E-mail: adizitrin@gmail.com [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Basque Country UPV/EHU, Bilbao (Spain)

    2014-07-01

    We discuss how Type Ia supernovae (SNe) strongly magnified by foreground galaxy clusters should be self-consistently treated when used in samples fitted for the cosmological parameters. While the cluster lens magnification of a SN can be well constrained from sets of multiple images of various background galaxies with measured redshifts, its value is typically dependent on the fiducial set of cosmological parameters used to construct the mass model. In such cases, one should not naively demagnify the observed SN luminosity by the model magnification into the expected Hubble diagram, which would create a bias, but instead take into account the cosmological parameters a priori chosen to construct the mass model. We quantify the effect and find that a systematic error of typically a few percent, up to a few dozen percent per magnified SN may be propagated onto a cosmological parameter fit unless the cosmology assumed for the mass model is taken into account (the bias can be even larger if the SN is lying very near the critical curves). We also simulate how such a bias propagates onto the cosmological parameter fit using the Union2.1 sample supplemented with strongly magnified SNe. The resulting bias on the deduced cosmological parameters is generally at the few percent level, if only few biased SNe are included, and increases with the number of lensed SNe and their redshift. Samples containing magnified Type Ia SNe, e.g., from ongoing cluster surveys, should readily account for this possible bias.

  8. Enterprise Assessments Review, West Valley Demonstration Project – December 2014

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Review of the West Valley Demonstration Project Emergency Management Program Technical Basis and Emergency Preparedness

  9. West Valley Demonstration Project Site Environmental Report Calendar Year 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2001-08-31

    The annual site environmental monitoring report for the West Valley Demonstration Project nuclear waste management facility.

  10. QER- Comment of Brian West

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hello, Thanks for the invitation to the QER workshop. Here are a couple of comments that I was probably unable to fully articulate in the main session, although I did try to make some of these points in the breakout session: When considering alternatives and policy that drives alternative fuel use, it is important to learn from Policy successes and failures. Policy drivers put in place in Thailand, Brazil, and Sweden have been successful in transitions to greater alternative fuel use. US policy for Flex Fuel Vehicles has been largely unsuccessful at encouraging alternative fuel use. The fuel economy credit for the OEMs to build FFVs was generous but encouraged only modest production; nonetheless there are over 15M FFVs on the road. However, they use very little ethanol fuel due to cost ($/mile), range, etc. Natural Gas has a very real value proposition (lower $/gge) so fleet owners have good financial incentive to make the switch, even if investments are required. One participant commented that infrastructure costs are small compared to costs of imported oil. I agree with this statement. One presenter mentioned (a city?) with a law that requires infrastructure to support future EV charging be installed in any new parking garage. Great idea. (Better to have and not need than need and not have, especially when cost differential is small on the front end and very large on the back end). In the US we install about 20,000-40,000 new fuel dispensers per year (according to Gilbarco/Wayne). It would be a horrible missed opportunity to not put policy in place that encourages/requires E25 or E85-compatible dispensers. With a successful policy driver, in the next five years the nation could have over 100,000 ethanol-compatible dispensers in place, ready for a new High Octane Fuel (that could very likely contain more than 10 or 15% ethanol). Thanks Brian H. West Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory http://www.ornl.gov/ http

  11. Near-infrared line identification in type Ia supernovae during the transitional phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friesen, Brian; Baron, E.; Wisniewski, John P.; Miller, Timothy R.; Parrent, Jerod T.; Thomas, R. C.; Marion, G. H.

    2014-09-10

    We present near-infrared synthetic spectra of a delayed-detonation hydrodynamical model and compare them to observed spectra of four normal Type Ia supernovae ranging from day +56.5 to day +85. This is the epoch during which supernovae are believed to be undergoing the transition from the photospheric phase, where spectra are characterized by line scattering above an optically thick photosphere, to the nebular phase, where spectra consist of optically thin emission from forbidden lines. We find that most spectral features in the near-infrared can be accounted for by permitted lines of Fe II and Co II. In addition, we find that [Ni II] fits the emission feature near 1.98 μm, suggesting that a substantial mass of {sup 58}Ni exists near the center of the ejecta in these objects, arising from nuclear burning at high density.

  12. STANDARDIZING TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDES USING GAUSSIAN PROCESS DATA REGRESSION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, A. G.; Aldering, G.; Aragon, C.; Bailey, S.; Childress, M.; Fakhouri, H. K.; Nordin, J.; Thomas, R. C.; Antilogus, P.; Bongard, S.; Canto, A.; Cellier-Holzem, F.; Guy, J.; Baltay, C.; Buton, C.; Kerschhaggl, M.; Kowalski, M.; Chotard, N.; Copin, Y.; Gangler, E.; and others

    2013-04-01

    We present a novel class of models for Type Ia supernova time-evolving spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and absolute magnitudes: they are each modeled as stochastic functions described by Gaussian processes. The values of the SED and absolute magnitudes are defined through well-defined regression prescriptions, so that data directly inform the models. As a proof of concept, we implement a model for synthetic photometry built from the spectrophotometric time series from the Nearby Supernova Factory. Absolute magnitudes at peak B brightness are calibrated to 0.13 mag in the g band and to as low as 0.09 mag in the z = 0.25 blueshifted i band, where the dispersion includes contributions from measurement uncertainties and peculiar velocities. The methodology can be applied to spectrophotometric time series of supernovae that span a range of redshifts to simultaneously standardize supernovae together with fitting cosmological parameters.

  13. EARLY OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS OF THE TYPE Ia SN 2014J IN M82

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marion, G. H.; Vinkó, J.; Sand, D. J.; Hsiao, E. Y.; Banerjee, D. P. K.; Joshi, V.; Venkataraman, V.; Ashok, N. M.; Valenti, S.; Howell, D. A.; Stritzinger, M. D.; Amanullah, R.; Johansson, J.; Binzel, R. P.; Bochanski, J. J.; Bryngelson, G. L.; Burns, C. R.; Drozdov, D.; Fieber-Beyer, S. K.; Graham, M. L.; and others

    2015-01-01

    We present optical and near infrared (NIR) observations of the nearby Type Ia SN 2014J. Seventeen optical and 23 NIR spectra were obtained from 10 days before (–10d) to 10 days after (+10d) the time of maximum B-band brightness. The relative strengths of absorption features and their patterns of development can be compared at one day intervals throughout most of this period. Carbon is not detected in the optical spectra, but we identify C I λ1.0693 in the NIR spectra. Mg II lines with high oscillator strengths have higher initial velocities than other Mg II lines. We show that the velocity differences can be explained by differences in optical depths due to oscillator strengths. The spectra of SN 2014J show that it is a normal SN Ia, but many parameters are near the boundaries between normal and high-velocity subclasses. The velocities for O I, Mg II, Si II, S II, Ca II, and Fe II suggest that SN 2014J has a layered structure with little or no mixing. That result is consistent with the delayed detonation explosion models. We also report photometric observations, obtained from –10d to +29d, in the UBVRIJH and K{sub s} bands. The template fitting package SNooPy is used to interpret the light curves and to derive photometric parameters. Using R{sub V} = 1.46, which is consistent with previous studies, SNooPy finds that A{sub V} = 1.80 for E(B – V){sub host} = 1.23 ± 0.06 mag. The maximum B-band brightness of –19.19 ± 0.10 mag was reached on February 1.74 UT ± 0.13 days and the supernova has a decline parameter, Δm {sub 15}, of 1.12 ± 0.02 mag.

  14. Benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude assayed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rhodes, A.K.

    1994-08-15

    The paper gives an assay of West Texas Intermediate, one of the world's market crudes. The price of this crude, known as WTI, is followed by market analysts, investors, traders, and industry managers around the world. WTI price is used as a benchmark for pricing all other US crude oils. The 41[degree] API < 0.34 wt % sulfur crude is gathered in West Texas and moved to Cushing, Okla., for distribution. The WTI posted prices is the price paid for the crude at the wellhead in West Texas and is the true benchmark on which other US crudes are priced. The spot price is the negotiated price for short-term trades of the crude. And the New York Mercantile Exchange, or Nymex, price is a futures price for barrels delivered at Cushing.

  15. Measurements of the Rate of Type Ia Supernovae at Redshift z < ~0.3 from the SDSS-II Supernova Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dilday, Benjamin; Smith, Mathew; Bassett, Bruce; Becker, Andrew; Bender, Ralf; Castander, Francisco; Cinabro, David; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Frieman, Joshua A.; Galbany, Lluis; Garnavich, Peter M.; /Notre Dame U. /Stockholm U., OKC /Stockholm U.

    2010-01-01

    We present a measurement of the volumetric Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) rate based on data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey II (SDSS-II) Supernova Survey. The adopted sample of supernovae (SNe) includes 516 SNe Ia at redshift z {approx}< 0.3, of which 270 (52%) are spectroscopically identified as SNe Ia. The remaining 246 SNe Ia were identified through their light curves; 113 of these objects have spectroscopic redshifts from spectra of their host galaxy, and 133 have photometric redshifts estimated from the SN light curves. Based on consideration of 87 spectroscopically confirmed non-Ia SNe discovered by the SDSS-II SN Survey, we estimate that 2.04{sub -0.95}{sup +1.61}% of the photometric SNe Ia may be misidentified. The sample of SNe Ia used in this measurement represents an order of magnitude increase in the statistics for SN Ia rate measurements in the redshift range covered by the SDSS-II Supernova Survey. If we assume a SN Ia rate that is constant at low redshift (z < 0.15), then the SN observations can be used to infer a value of the SN rate of r{sub V} = (2.69{sub -0.30-0.01}{sup +0.34+0.21}) x 10{sup -5} SNe yr{sup -1} Mpc{sup -3} (H{sub 0}/(70 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1})){sup 3} at a mean redshift of {approx} 0.12, based on 79 SNe Ia of which 72 are spectroscopically confirmed. However, the large sample of SNe Ia included in this study allows us to place constraints on the redshift dependence of the SN Ia rate based on the SDSS-II Supernova Survey data alone. Fitting a power-law model of the SN rate evolution, r{sub V} (z) = A{sub p} x ((1+z)/(1+z{sub 0})){sup {nu}}, over the redshift range 0.0 < z < 0.3 with z{sub 0} = 0.21, results in A{sub p} = (3.43{sub -0.15}{sup +0.15}) x 10{sup -5} SNe yr{sup -1} Mpc{sup -3} (H{sub 0}/(70 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1})){sup 3} and {nu} = 2.04{sub -0.89}{sup +0.90}.

  16. EVOLUTION OF POST-IMPACT REMNANT HELIUM STARS IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA REMNANTS WITHIN THE SINGLE-DEGENERATE SCENARIO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan, Kuo-Chuan; Ricker, Paul M.; Taam, Ronald E. E-mail: pmricker@illinois.edu

    2013-08-10

    The progenitor systems of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are still under debate. Based on recent hydrodynamics simulations, non-degenerate companions in the single-degenerate scenario (SDS) should survive the supernova (SN) impact. One way to distinguish between the SDS and the double-degenerate scenario is to search for the post-impact remnant stars (PIRSs) in SN Ia remnants. Using a technique that combines multi-dimensional hydrodynamics simulations with one-dimensional stellar evolution simulations, we have examined the post-impact evolution of helium-rich binary companions in the SDS. It is found that these helium-rich PIRSs (He PIRSs) dramatically expand and evolve to a luminous phase (L {approx} 10{sup 4} L{sub Sun }) about 10 yr after an SN explosion. Subsequently, they contract and evolve to become hot blue-subdwarf-like (sdO-like) stars by releasing gravitational energy, persisting as sdO-like stars for several million years before evolving to the helium red-giant phase. We therefore predict that a luminous OB-like star should be detectable within {approx}30 yr after the SN explosion. Thereafter, it will shrink and become an sdO-like star in the central regions of SN Ia remnants within star-forming regions for SN Ia progenitors evolved via the helium-star channel in the SDS. These He PIRSs are predicted to be rapidly rotating (v{sub rot} {approx}> 50 km s{sup -1}) and to have high spatial velocities (v{sub linear} {approx}> 500 km s{sup -1}). Furthermore, if SN remnants have diffused away and are not recognizable at a later stage, He PIRSs could be an additional source of single sdO stars and/or hypervelocity stars.

  17. West Virginia Shale Production (Billion Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Production (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Shale Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 11 2010's 80 192 345 498 869 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Estimated Production West Virginia Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes,

  18. West Virginia Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    state, county, city, or district. For more information, please visit the Middle School Coach page. West Virginia Region Middle School Regional West Virginia West Virginia Regional...

  19. West Virginia Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    state, county, city, or district. For more information, please visit the High School Coach page. West Virginia Regions High School Regional West Virginia West Virginia Regional...

  20. North Central","West North Central","South Atlantic","East South...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...heast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West" ,,"New England","Middle Atlantic","East North Central","West North Central","South Atlantic","East South Central","West South ...

  1. SeaWest Energy Group Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Facility Status In Service Owner SeaWest Developer SeaWest Energy Purchaser Pacific Gas & Electric Co Location Altamont Pass CA Coordinates 37.7347, -121.652 Show Map...

  2. SeaWest Windfarms Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Facility Status In Service Owner SeaWest Developer SeaWest Energy Purchaser Pacific Gas & Electric Co Location Altamont Pass CA Coordinates 37.7347, -121.652 Show Map...

  3. ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment (AWARE) Science Plan

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    0 ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment (AWARE) Science Plan D Lubin J Verlinde DH ... DOESC-ARM-15-040 ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment (AWARE) Science Plan D Lubin J ...

  4. City of West Point, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: West Point Municipal Power Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 402.372.2466 Website: www.ci.west-point.ne.usutilit Outage Hotline: After Hours (402) 372-6009 References: EIA Form...

  5. High West Energy, Inc (Wyoming) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Phone Number: (307) 245-3261 Website: highwestenergy.com Twitter: @HighWestEnergy Facebook: https:www.facebook.comHighWestEnergy Outage Hotline: (888).834.1657 Outage Map:...

  6. BLM West Desert District Office | Open Energy Information

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    West Desert District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM West Desert District Office Place: Salt Lake City, Utah Phone Number: (801) 977-4300 ParentHolding Organization:...

  7. K-25 West Wing Demolition Completed | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    K-25 West Wing Demolition Completed January 28, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - Thirteen months after demolition began, the final unit of the K-25 Building West ...

  8. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3035WV3" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Industrial Price ...

  9. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1: West Virginia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3045WV3" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Price ...

  10. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3045WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to ...

  11. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage ...

  12. Glasgow, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Glasgow is a town in Kanawha County, West Virginia. It falls under West Virginia's 2nd...

  13. Granville, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Granville is a town in Monongalia County, West Virginia. It falls under West Virginia's 1st...

  14. West Central Electric Coop Inc (South Dakota) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Central Electric Coop Inc (South Dakota) Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Central Electric Coop Inc Place: South Dakota Phone Number: 605-669-8100 Website: www.wce.coop...

  15. West Henrietta, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Henrietta is in New York.1 Registered Research Institutions in West Henrietta, New...

  16. West Virginia's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in West Virginia. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWestVirginia%27s2nd...

  17. West Virginia's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in West Virginia. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWestVirginia%27s3rd...

  18. Wirt County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone Number 4 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Wirt County, West Virginia Elizabeth, West Virginia Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWirtCounty,W...

  19. ,"New Mexico - West Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico - West Natural Gas, Wet After Lease ... 8:56:27 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico - West Natural Gas, Wet After Lease ...

  20. ,"New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Expected ... 8:55:03 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Expected ...

  1. ,"New Mexico--West Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Expected Future...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico--West Natural Gas Plant Liquids, ... 8:53:57 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico--West Natural Gas Plant Liquids, ...

  2. ,"New Mexico--West Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico--West Crude Oil Reserves in ... 8:48:09 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico--West Crude Oil Reserves in ...

  3. ,"New Mexico - West Nonassociated Natural Gas, Wet After Lease...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico - West Nonassociated Natural Gas, ... 8:57:52 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico - West Nonassociated Natural Gas, ...

  4. ,"New Mexico--West Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico--West Natural Gas Liquids Lease ... 8:54:13 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico--West Natural Gas Liquids Lease ...

  5. ,"New Mexico--West Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico--West Coalbed Methane Proved ... 8:49:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico--West Coalbed Methane Proved ...

  6. ,"New Mexico--West Shale Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico--West Shale Proved Reserves (Billion ... 8:50:37 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico--West Shale Proved Reserves (Billion ...

  7. ,"New Mexico - West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico - West Associated-Dissolved Natural ... 8:59:13 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico - West Associated-Dissolved Natural ...

  8. West Valley Demonstration Project Prepares to Relocate High-Level...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Prepares to Relocate High-Level Waste West Valley Demonstration Project Prepares to Relocate High-Level Waste December 24, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The West Valley Demonstration ...

  9. West Valley Demonstration Project Low-Level Waste Shipment |...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Low-Level Waste Shipment West Valley Demonstration Project Low-Level Waste Shipment West Valley Demonstration Project Low-Level Waste Shipment (406.16 KB) More Documents & ...

  10. West Kentucky Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Kentucky Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Kentucky Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 270-247-1321 or 1-877-495-7322 Website: www.wkrecc.com Twitter:...

  11. EERE Success Story-Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Union Green Transformation Project EERE Success Story-Iowa: West Union Green ... These grant funds will be used to close up their buildings-making them more energy ...

  12. North West Shelf pipeline. Part 2 (conclusion). Laying Australia's North West Shelf pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seymour, E.V.; Craze, D.J.; Ruinen, W.

    1984-05-14

    Details of the construction of Australia's North West Shelf gas pipeline cover the pipelaying operation, trunkline-to-riser tie-in, posttrenching, backfilling, slugcatcher construction, connection with the shore terminal, and hydrostatic testing.

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Transportation Data for

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Vehicles West Virginia Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Google Bookmark

  14. Progress Moves West Valley Closer to Finishing Canister Relocation Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy Moves West Valley Closer to Finishing Canister Relocation Project Progress Moves West Valley Closer to Finishing Canister Relocation Project October 17, 2016 - 12:10pm Addthis Workers place a vertical storage cask liner on a construction pad. Workers place a vertical storage cask liner on a construction pad. WEST VALLEY, N.Y. - EM's West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) is about 70 percent complete toward relocating all high-level waste canisters from a building to

  15. West Palm Beach—Better Buildings Challenge & PACE

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Overview of Better Buildings Challenge and property assessed clean energy in West Palm Beach. Author: U. S. Department of Energy

  16. 2014 Annual Planning Summary for the West Valley Demonstration Project

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2014 and 2015 within the West Valley Demonstration Project.

  17. Energy Incentive Programs, West Virginia | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Virginia Energy Incentive Programs, West Virginia Updated July 2015 West Virginia utilities budgeted $12 million in 2014 to promote energy efficiency in the state. What public-purpose-funded energy efficiency programs are available in my state? West Virginia has no public-purpose-funded energy efficiency programs. What utility energy efficiency programs are available to me? AEP Appalachian Power's Commercial and Industrial Standard program offers incentives for a wide variety of projects

  18. West Virginia Total Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia" "Energy Source",2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Fossil",16113,15769,15756,15766,1... " Other Gases","-","-","-","-","-" "Nuclear","-","-","-","-","-" ...

  19. WEST VALLEY DEMONSTRATION PROJECT SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT CALENDARY YEAR 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-09-30

    THE ANNUAL (CALENDAR YEAR 2001) SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT FOR THE WEST VALLEY DEMONSTRATION PROJECT NUCLEAR WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITY.

  20. Gatton Academy Wins 2015 DOE West Kentucky Regional Science Bowl |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Gatton Academy Wins 2015 DOE West Kentucky Regional Science Bowl Gatton Academy Wins 2015 DOE West Kentucky Regional Science Bowl February 27, 2015 - 11:31am Addthis Gatton Academy of Mathematics and Science won the 2015 West Kentucky Regional High School Science Bowl competition in Paducah. Pictured, Gatton team captain Ben Guthrie (middle) discusses a question with teammate Bryan Carlson. Gatton Academy of Mathematics and Science won the 2015 West Kentucky Regional

  1. Enterprise Assessments Review of the West Valley Demonstration Project Site

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fire Protection Program - March 2016 | Department of Energy West Valley Demonstration Project Site Fire Protection Program - March 2016 Enterprise Assessments Review of the West Valley Demonstration Project Site Fire Protection Program - March 2016 March 2016 Review of the Fire Protection Program at the West Valley Demonstration Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) independent Office of Enterprise Assessments (EA) conducted a review of the fire protection program at the West Valley

  2. West Coast Port Closure Enforcement Policy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Coast Port Closure Enforcement Policy West Coast Port Closure Enforcement Policy February 27, 2015 Closures at 29 West Coast marine ports in February 2015 due to a labor dispute have resulted in significant delays for certain goods entering the United States through those ports. DOE issued a policy not to seek civil penalties for violations resulting from those delays if the importers provide certain documentation to DOE by July 1, 2015. Enforcement Policy Statement: West Coast Port

  3. West Valley Demonstration Project - 2016 EM Success Story | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy - 2016 EM Success Story West Valley Demonstration Project - 2016 EM Success Story Presentation from the 2016 DOE National Cleanup Workshop by Jeff Bradford, President and General Manager, CH2M HILL BWXT West Valley, LLC. West Valley Demonstration Project - 2016 EM Success Story (1.75 MB) More Documents & Publications Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West Valley Demonstration Project and the Western New York Nuclear Service Center The Path to Success Beyond

  4. 2012 Annual Planning Summary for West Valley Demonstration Project

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2012 and 2013 within West Valley Demonstration Project.

  5. West Virginia Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Virginia Recovery Act State Memo West Virginia Recovery Act State Memo West Virginia has substantial natural resources, including coal and hydroelectric power. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in West Virginia are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid, to carbon capture and storage, transportation

  6. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, CH2M HILL B&W West...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    B&W West Valley LLC, West Valley Demonstration Project - October 2013 Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, CH2M HILL B&W West Valley LLC, West Valley Demonstration Project - ...

  7. A Measurement of the Rate of Type Ia Supernovae in Galaxy Clusters from the SDSS-II Supernova Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dilday, Benjamin; Bassett, Bruce; Becker, Andrew; Bender, Ralf; Castander, Francisco; Cinabro, David; Frieman, Joshua A.; Galbany, Lluis; Garnavich, Peter; Goobar, Ariel; Hopp, Ulrich; /Munich, Tech. U. /Munich U. Observ. /Tokyo U.

    2010-03-01

    We present measurements of the Type Ia supernova (SN) rate in galaxy clusters based on data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-II (SDSS-II) Supernova Survey. The cluster SN Ia rate is determined from 9 SN events in a set of 71 C4 clusters at z {le} 0.17 and 27 SN events in 492 maxBCG clusters at 0.1 {le} z {le} 0.3. We find values for the cluster SN Ia rate of (0.37{sub -0.12-0.01}{sup +0.17+0.01}) SNur h{sup 2} and (0.55{sub -0.11-0.01}{sup +0.13+0.02}) SNur h{sup 2} (SNux = 10{sup -12}L{sub x{circle_dot}}{sup -1} yr{sup -1}) in C4 and maxBCG clusters, respectively, where the quoted errors are statistical and systematic, respectively. The SN rate for early-type galaxies is found to be (0.31{sub -0.12-0.01}{sup +0.18+0.01}) SNur h{sup 2} and (0.49{sub -0.11-0.01}{sup +0.15+0.02}) SNur h{sup 2} in C4 and maxBCG clusters, respectively. The SN rate for the brightest cluster galaxies (BCG) is found to be (2.04{sub -1.11-0.04}{sup +1.99+0.07}) SNur h{sup 2} and (0.36{sub -0.30-0.01}{sup +0.84+0.01}) SNur h{sup 2} in C4 and maxBCG clusters, respectively. The ratio of the SN Ia rate in cluster early-type galaxies to that of the SN Ia rate in field early-type galaxies is 1.94{sub -0.91-0.015}{sup +1.31+0.043} and 3.02{sub -1.03-0.048}{sup +1.31+0.062}, for C4 and maxBCG clusters, respectively. The SN rate in galaxy clusters as a function of redshift, which probes the late time SN Ia delay distribution, shows only weak dependence on redshift. Combining our current measurements with previous measurements, we fit the cluster SN Ia rate data to a linear function of redshift, and find r{sub L} = [(0.49{sub -0.14}{sup +0.15}) + (0.91{sub -0.81}{sup +0.85}) x z] SNuB h{sup 2}. A comparison of the radial distribution of SNe in cluster to field early-type galaxies shows possible evidence for an enhancement of the SN rate in the cores of cluster early-type galaxies. With an observation of at most 3 hostless, intra-cluster SNe Ia, we estimate the fraction of cluster SNe that are

  8. PRODUCTION OF THE p-PROCESS NUCLEI IN THE CARBON-DEFLAGRATION MODEL FOR TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kusakabe, Motohiko; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Nomoto, Ken'ichi E-mail: iwamoto.nobuyuki@jaea.go.jp

    2011-01-01

    We calculate the nucleosynthesis of proton-rich isotopes in the carbon-deflagration model for Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). The seed abundances are obtained by calculating the s-process nucleosynthesis that is expected to occur in the repeating helium shell flashes on the carbon-oxygen (CO) white dwarf (WD) during mass accretion from a binary companion. When the deflagration wave passes through the outer layer of the CO WD, p-nuclei are produced by photodisintegration reactions on s-nuclei in a region where the peak temperature ranges from 1.9 to 3.6 x 10{sup 9} K. We confirm the sensitivity of the p-process on the initial distribution of s-nuclei. We show that the initial C/O ratio in the WD does not affect much the yield of p-nuclei. On the other hand, the abundance of {sup 22}Ne left after s-processing has a large influence on the p-process via the {sup 22}Ne({alpha},n) reaction. We find that about 50% of p-nuclides are co-produced when normalized to their solar abundances in all adopted cases of seed distribution. Mo and Ru, which are largely underproduced in Type II supernovae (SNe II), are produced more than in SNe II although they are underproduced with respect to the yield levels of other p-nuclides. The ratios between p-nuclei and iron in the ejecta are larger than the solar ratios by a factor of 1.2. We also compare the yields of oxygen, iron, and p-nuclides in SNe Ia and SNe II and suggest that SNe Ia could make a larger contribution than SNe II to the solar system content of p-nuclei.

  9. The crossing statistic: dealing with unknown errors in the dispersion of Type Ia supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shafieloo, Arman; Clifton, Timothy; Ferreira, Pedro E-mail: tclifton@astro.ox.ac.uk

    2011-08-01

    We propose a new statistic that has been designed to be used in situations where the intrinsic dispersion of a data set is not well known: The Crossing Statistic. This statistic is in general less sensitive than χ{sup 2} to the intrinsic dispersion of the data, and hence allows us to make progress in distinguishing between different models using goodness of fit to the data even when the errors involved are poorly understood. The proposed statistic makes use of the shape and trends of a model's predictions in a quantifiable manner. It is applicable to a variety of circumstances, although we consider it to be especially well suited to the task of distinguishing between different cosmological models using type Ia supernovae. We show that this statistic can easily distinguish between different models in cases where the χ{sup 2} statistic fails. We also show that the last mode of the Crossing Statistic is identical to χ{sup 2}, so that it can be considered as a generalization of χ{sup 2}.

  10. FIRST EVIDENCE OF GLOBULAR CLUSTER FORMATION FROM THE EJECTA OF PROMPT TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsujimoto, Takuji [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Bekki, Kenji, E-mail: taku.tsujimoto@nao.ac.jp [ICRAR, M468, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)

    2012-06-01

    Recent spectroscopic observations of globular clusters (GCs) in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) have discovered that one of the intermediate-age GCs, NGC 1718, with [Fe/H] = -0.7 has an extremely low [Mg/Fe] ratio of {approx}-0.9. We propose that NGC 1718 was formed from the ejecta of Type Ia supernovae mixed with very metal-poor ([Fe/H] <-1.3) gas about {approx}2 Gyr ago. The proposed scenario is shown to be consistent with the observed abundances of Fe-group elements such as Cr, Mn, and Ni. In addition, compelling evidence for asymptotic giant branch stars playing a role in chemical enrichment during this GC formation is found. We suggest that the origin of the metal-poor gas is closely associated with efficient gas transfer from the outer gas disk of the Small Magellanic Cloud to the LMC disk. We anticipate that the outer part of the LMC disk contains field stars exhibiting significantly low [Mg/Fe] ratios, formed through the same process as NGC 1718.

  11. Direct numerical simulations of type Ia supernovae flames I: The landau-darrieus instability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, J.B.; Day, M.S.; Rendleman, C.A.; Woosley, S.E.; Zingale, M.

    2003-11-24

    Planar flames are intrinsically unstable in open domains due to the thermal expansion across the burning front--the Landau-Darrieus instability. This instability leads to wrinkling and growth of the flame surface, and corresponding acceleration of the flame, until it is stabilized by cusp formation. We look at the Landau-Darrieus in stability for C/O thermonuclear flames at conditions relevant to the late stages of a Type Ia supernova explosion. Two-dimensional direct numerical simulations of both single-mode and multi-mode perturbations using a low Mach number hydrodynamics code are presented. We show the effect of the instability on the flame speed as a function of both the density and domain size, demonstrate the existence of the small scale cutoff to the growth of the instability, and look for the proposed breakdown of the non-linear stabilization at low densities. The effects of curvature on the flame as quantified through measurements of the growth rate and computation of the corresponding Markstein number. While accelerations of a few percent are observed, they are too small to have any direct outcome on the supernova explosion.

  12. Reynolds number effects on Rayleigh-Taylor Instability with Implications for Type Ia Supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabot, W H; Cook, A W

    2006-03-22

    Spontaneous mixing of materials at unstably stratified interfaces occurs in a wide variety of atmospheric, oceanic, geophysical and astrophysical flows. The Rayleigh-Taylor instability, in particular, plays key roles in the death of stars, planet formation and the quest for controlled thermonuclear fusion. Despite its ubiquity, fundamental questions regarding Rayleigh-Taylor instability persist. Among such questions are: Does the flow forget its initial conditions? Is the flow self-similar? What is the value of the scaling constant? How does mixing influence the growth rate? Here we show results from a 3072{sup 3} grid-point Direct Numerical Simulation in an attempt to answer these and other questions. The data indicate that the scaling constant cannot be found by fitting a curve to the width of the mixing region (as is common practice) but can only be accurately obtained by recourse to the similarity equation for the growth rate. The data further establish that the ratio of kinetic energy to released potential energy is not constant, as has heretofore been assumed. The simulated flow reaches a Reynolds number of 32,000, far exceeding that of all previous simulations. The latter stages of the simulation reveal a weak Reynolds number dependence, which may have profound consequences for modeling Type Ia supernovae as well as other high Reynolds number flows.

  13. Direct numerical simulations of type Ia supernovae flames II: The Rayleigh-Taylor instability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, J.B.; Day, M.S.; Rendleman, C.A.; Woosley, S.E.; Zingale, M.

    2004-01-12

    A Type Ia supernova explosion likely begins as a nuclear runaway near the center of a carbon-oxygen white dwarf. The outward propagating flame is unstable to the Landau-Darrieus, Rayleigh-Taylor, and Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities, which serve to accelerate it to a large fraction of the speed of sound. We investigate the Rayleigh-Taylor unstable flame at the transition from the flamelet regime to the distributed-burning regime, around densities of 10e7 gm/cc, through detailed, fully resolved simulations. A low Mach number, adaptive mesh hydrodynamics code is used to achieve the necessary resolution and long time scales. As the density is varied, we see a fundamental change in the character of the burning--at the low end of the density range the Rayleigh-Taylor instability dominates the burning, whereas at the high end the burning suppresses the instability. In all cases, significant acceleration of the flame is observed, limited only by the size of the domain we are able to study. We discuss the implications of these results on the potential for a deflagration to detonation transition.

  14. Spectroscopic Properties of Star-Forming Host Galaxies and Type Ia Supernova Hubble Residuals in a Nearly Unbiased Sample

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Andrea, Chris B.; et al.

    2011-12-20

    We examine the correlation between supernova host galaxy properties and their residuals on the Hubble diagram. We use supernovae discovered during the Sloan Digital Sky Survey II - Supernova Survey, and focus on objects at a redshift of z < 0.15, where the selection effects of the survey are known to yield a complete Type Ia supernova sample. To minimize the bias in our analysis with respect to measured host-galaxy properties, spectra were obtained for nearly all hosts, spanning a range in magnitude of -23 < M_r < -17. In contrast to previous works that use photometric estimates of host mass as a proxy for global metallicity, we analyze host-galaxy spectra to obtain gas-phase metallicities and star-formation rates from host galaxies with active star formation. From a final sample of ~ 40 emission-line galaxies, we find that light-curve corrected Type Ia supernovae are ~ 0.1 magnitudes brighter in high-metallicity hosts than in low-metallicity hosts. We also find a significant (> 3{\\sigma}) correlation between the Hubble residuals of Type Ia supernovae and the specific star-formation rate of the host galaxy. We comment on the importance of supernova/host-galaxy correlations as a source of systematic bias in future deep supernova surveys.

  15. Constraints on the progenitor system of the type Ia supernova 2014J from pre-explosion Hubble space telescope imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, Patrick L.; Fox, Ori D.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Shen, Ken J.; Zheng, WeiKang; Graham, Melissa L.; Tucker, Brad E.; Cenko, S. Bradley; Schaefer, Gail

    2014-07-20

    We constrain the properties of the progenitor system of the highly reddened Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2014J in Messier 82 (M82; d ? 3.5 Mpc). We determine the supernova (SN) location using Keck-II K-band adaptive optics images, and we find no evidence for flux from a progenitor system in pre-explosion near-ultraviolet through near-infrared Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images. Our upper limits exclude systems having a bright red giant companion, including symbiotic novae with luminosities comparable to that of RS Ophiuchi. While the flux constraints are also inconsistent with predictions for comparatively cool He-donor systems (T ? 35,000 K), we cannot preclude a system similar to V445 Puppis. The progenitor constraints are robust across a wide range of R{sub V} and A{sub V} values, but significantly greater values than those inferred from the SN light curve and spectrum would yield proportionally brighter luminosity limits. The comparatively faint flux expected from a binary progenitor system consisting of white dwarf stars would not have been detected in the pre-explosion HST imaging. Infrared HST exposures yield more stringent constraints on the luminosities of very cool (T < 3000 K) companion stars than was possible in the case of SN Ia 2011fe.

  16. Metabolomic profiling of the nectars of Aquilegia pubescens and <i>A. Canadensis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noutsos, Christos; Perera, Ann M.; Nikolau, Basil J.; Seaver, Samuel M. D.; Ware, Doreen H.; Motta, Andrea

    2015-05-01

    To date, variation in nectar chemistry of flowering plants has not been studied in detail. Such variation exerts considerable influence on pollinator–plant interactions, as well as on flower traits that play important roles in the selection of a plant for visitation by specific pollinators. Over the past 60 years the Aquilegia genus has been used as a key model for speciation studies. In this study, we defined the metabolomic profiles of flower samples of two Aquilegia species, <i>A. Canadensis and <i>A. pubescens. We identified a total of 75 metabolites that were classified into six main categories: organic acids, fatty acids, amino acids, esters, sugars, and unknowns. The mean abundances of 25 of these metabolites were significantly different between the two species, providing insights into interspecies variation in floral chemistry. Using the PlantSEED biochemistry database, we found that the majority of these metabolites are involved in biosynthetic pathways. Finally, we explored the annotated genome of <i>A. coerulea, using the PlantSEED pipeline and reconstructed the metabolic network of Aquilegia. This network, which contains the metabolic pathways involved in generating the observed chemical variation, is now publicly available from the DOE Systems Biology Knowledge Base (KBase; http://kbase.us).

  17. A POSSIBLE EVOLUTIONARY SCENARIO OF HIGHLY MAGNETIZED SUPER-CHANDRASEKHAR WHITE DWARFS: PROGENITORS OF PECULIAR TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Upasana; Mukhopadhyay, Banibrata; Rao, A. R. E-mail: bm@physics.iisc.ernet.in

    2013-04-10

    Several recently discovered peculiar Type Ia supernovae seem to demand an altogether new formation theory that might help explain the puzzling dissimilarities between them and the standard Type Ia supernovae. The most striking aspect of the observational analysis is the necessity of invoking super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs having masses {approx}2.1-2.8 M{sub Sun }, M{sub Sun} being the mass of Sun, as their most probable progenitors. Strongly magnetized white dwarfs having super-Chandrasekhar masses have already been established as potential candidates for the progenitors of peculiar Type Ia supernovae. Owing to the Landau quantization of the underlying electron degenerate gas, theoretical results yielded the observationally inferred mass range. Here, we sketch a possible evolutionary scenario by which super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs could be formed by accretion on to a commonly observed magnetized white dwarf, invoking the phenomenon of flux freezing. This opens multiple possible evolution scenarios ending in supernova explosions of super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs having masses within the range stated above. We point out that our proposal has observational support, such as the recent discovery of a large number of magnetized white dwarfs by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.

  18. Recovery Act State Memos West Virginia

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    West Virginia For questions about DOE's Recovery Act activities, please contact the DOE Recovery Act Clearinghouse: 1-888-DOE-RCVY (888-363-7289), Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Eastern Time https://recoveryclearinghouse.energy.gov/contactUs.htm. All numbers and projects listed as of June 1, 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT................................................................................... 1 FUNDING ALLOCATION

  19. Carrier Corporation 7310 West Morris Street

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Carrier Corporation 7310 West Morris Street Indianapolis, IN. 46231 July 11, 2016 U.S. Department of Energy Office of General Counsel 1000 Independence Avenue SW. Room 6A245 Washington, DC, 20585 RE: Comments to Docket Number: 2016-10956 Regulatory Burden RFI United Technologies Climate, Controls, and Security and its Carrier business would like to submit the following comments to the proposed questions as well as additional commentary as requested and referenced in the RFI. As referenced in the

  20. Golden Field Office 15013 Denver West Parkway

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Golden Field Office 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 September 14, 2016 SUBJECT: Notice of Scoping and Notification of Public Scoping Meeting for the Project Icebreaker Offshore Wind Project Environmental Assessment, Cleveland, Ohio, (DOE/EA-2045, Department of Army Processing No. 2010-00223) The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) are requesting public input on the scope of an Environmental Assessment (EA)

  1. West KY Regional Middle School Science Bowl

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Deegan Lawrence (far right) from Henderson County North Middle School gives an answer as teammates D.J. Banks (middle) and Alex Chandler look on during DOE’s West Kentucky Regional Middle School Science Bowl in Paducah February 6. Henderson North won the competition and will compete in DOE’s National Science Bowl® in Washington, D.C. April 30 through May 4.

  2. Notices Safety Commission, 4330 East West

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    20 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 8 / Thursday, January 12, 2012 / Notices Safety Commission, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814, (301) 504-7923. Dated: January 10, 2012. Todd A Stevenson, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2012-625 Filed 1-10-12; 4:15 pm] BILLING CODE 6355-01-P CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE Information Collection; Submission for OMB Review, Comment Request AGENCY: Corporation for National and Community Service. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Corporation for National

  3. West Virginia Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Lower 48 States Alabama Arkansas California Colorado Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region East Region South Central Region Midwest Region Mountain Region Pacific Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download

  4. WEST COAST REGIONAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Myer; Terry Surles; Kelly Birkinshaw

    2004-01-01

    The West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership is one of seven partnerships which have been established by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to evaluate carbon dioxide capture, transport and sequestration (CT&S) technologies best suited for different regions of the country. The West Coast Region comprises Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, and the North Slope of Alaska. Led by the California Energy Commission, the West Coast Partnership is a consortium of over thirty five organizations, including state natural resource and environmental protection agencies; national labs and universities; private companies working on CO{sub 2} capture, transportation, and storage technologies; utilities; oil and gas companies; nonprofit organizations; and policy/governance coordinating organizations. In an eighteen month Phase I project, the Partnership will evaluate both terrestrial and geologic sequestration options. Work will focus on five major objectives: (1) Collect data to characterize major CO{sub 2} point sources, the transportation options, and the terrestrial and geologic sinks in the region, and compile and organize this data via a geographic information system (GIS) database; (2) Address key issues affecting deployment of CT&S technologies, including storage site permitting and monitoring, injection regulations, and health and environmental risks (3) Conduct public outreach and maintain an open dialogue with stakeholders in CT&S technologies through public meetings, joint research, and education work (4) Integrate and analyze data and information from the above tasks in order to develop supply curves and cost effective, environmentally acceptable sequestration options, both near- and long-term (5) Identify appropriate terrestrial and geologic demonstration projects consistent with the options defined above, and create action plans for their safe and effective implementation A kickoff meeting for the West Coast Partnership was held on Sept 30-Oct

  5. West Valley Demonstration Project Unique Remote Operations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Path to Success Beyond Phase 1 Facility Disposition Bryan Bower U.S. Department of Energy West Valley Demonstration Project September 14, 2016 www.energy.gov/EM 2 Approved for Public Release; Further Dissemination Unlimited Where we are . . . www.energy.gov/EM 3 Approved for Public Release; Further Dissemination Unlimited and where we are going. 4 Decision Making Process Phase 2 Decommissioning (Decisions made by 2020) Phase 2 Decisions Decisions for disposition of remaining facilities : 

  6. Radiogenic p-isotopes from type Ia supernova, nuclear physics uncertainties, and galactic chemical evolution compared with values in primitive meteorites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Travaglio, C.; Gallino, R.; Rauscher, T.; Dauphas, N.; Rpke, F. K.; Hillebrandt, W. E-mail: claudia.travaglio@b2fh.org

    2014-11-10

    The nucleosynthesis of proton-rich isotopes is calculated for multi-dimensional Chandrasekhar-mass models of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) with different metallicities. The predicted abundances of the short-lived radioactive isotopes {sup 92}Nb, {sup 97,} {sup 98}Tc, and {sup 146}Sm are given in this framework. The abundance seeds are obtained by calculating s-process nucleosynthesis in the material accreted onto a carbon-oxygen white dwarf from a binary companion. A fine grid of s-seeds at different metallicities and {sup 13}C-pocket efficiencies is considered. A galactic chemical evolution model is used to predict the contribution of SN Ia to the solar system p-nuclei composition measured in meteorites. Nuclear physics uncertainties are critical to determine the role of SNe Ia in the production of {sup 92}Nb and {sup 146}Sm. We find that, if standard Chandrasekhar-mass SNe Ia are at least 50% of all SN Ia, they are strong candidates for reproducing the radiogenic p-process signature observed in meteorites.

  7. THE DETONATION MECHANISM OF THE PULSATIONALLY ASSISTED GRAVITATIONALLY CONFINED DETONATION MODEL OF Type Ia SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, G. C. IV; Graziani, C.; Weide, K.; Norris, J.; Hudson, R.; Lamb, D. Q.; Fisher, R. T.; Townsley, D. M.; Meakin, C.; Reid, L. B.

    2012-11-01

    We describe the detonation mechanism composing the 'pulsationally assisted' gravitationally confined detonation (GCD) model of Type Ia supernovae. This model is analogous to the previous GCD model reported in Jordan et al.; however, the chosen initial conditions produce a substantively different detonation mechanism, resulting from a larger energy release during the deflagration phase. The resulting final kinetic energy and {sup 56}Ni yields conform better to observational values than is the case for the 'classical' GCD models. In the present class of models, the ignition of a deflagration phase leads to a rising, burning plume of ash. The ash breaks out of the surface of the white dwarf, flows laterally around the star, and converges on the collision region at the antipodal point from where it broke out. The amount of energy released during the deflagration phase is enough to cause the star to rapidly expand, so that when the ash reaches the antipodal point, the surface density is too low to initiate a detonation. Instead, as the ash flows into the collision region (while mixing with surface fuel), the star reaches its maximally expanded state and then contracts. The stellar contraction acts to increase the density of the star, including the density in the collision region. This both raises the temperature and density of the fuel-ash mixture in the collision region and ultimately leads to thermodynamic conditions that are necessary for the Zel'dovich gradient mechanism to produce a detonation. We demonstrate feasibility of this scenario with three three-dimensional (3D), full star simulations of this model using the FLASH code. We characterized the simulations by the energy released during the deflagration phase, which ranged from 38% to 78% of the white dwarf's binding energy. We show that the necessary conditions for detonation are achieved in all three of the models.

  8. Persistent C II absorption in the normal type Ia supernova 2002fk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cartier, Rgis; Zelaya, Paula [Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Hamuy, Mario; Maza, Jos; Gonzlez, Luis; Huerta, Leonor [Departamento de Astronoma, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Pignata, Giuliano [Departamento Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Andres Bello, Av. Repblica 252, Santiago (Chile); Frster, Francisco [Center for Mathematical Modelling, Universidad de Chile, Avenida Blanco Encalada 2120, Piso 7, Santiago (Chile); Folatelli, Gaston [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Phillips, Mark M.; Morrell, Nidia; Contreras, Carlos; Roth, Miguel; Gonzlez, Sergio [Carnegie Institution of Washington, Las Campanas Observatory, Colina el Pino s/n, Casilla 601 (Chile); Krisciunas, Kevin; Suntzeff, Nicholas B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, 4242 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Clocchiatti, Alejandro [Departamento de Astronoma y Astrofsica, Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago (Chile); Coppi, Paolo [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Koviak, Kathleen, E-mail: rcartier@das.uchile.cl [Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 911901 (United States)

    2014-07-01

    We present well-sampled UBVRIJHK photometry of SN 2002fk starting 12 days before maximum light through 122 days after peak brightness, along with a series of 15 optical spectra from 4 to +95 days since maximum. Our observations show the presence of C II lines in the early-time spectra of SN 2002fk, expanding at 11,000 km s{sup 1} and persisting until 8 days past maximum light with a velocity of ?9000 km s{sup 1}. SN 2002fk is characterized by a small velocity gradient of v-dot {sub Si} {sub II}=26 km s{sup 1} day{sup 1}, possibly caused by an off-center explosion with the ignition region oriented toward the observer. The connection between the viewing angle of an off-center explosion and the presence of C II in the early-time spectrum suggests that the observation of C II could be also due to a viewing angle effect. Adopting the Cepheid distance to NGC 1309 we provide the first H {sub 0} value based on near-infrared (near-IR) measurements of a Type Ia supernova (SN) between 63.0 0.8 (3.4 systematic) and 66.7 1.0 (3.5 systematic) km s{sup 1} Mpc{sup 1}, depending on the absolute magnitude/decline rate relationship adopted. It appears that the near-IR yields somewhat lower (6%-9%) H {sub 0} values than the optical. It is essential to further examine this issue by (1) expanding the sample of high-quality near-IR light curves of SNe in the Hubble flow, and (2) increasing the number of nearby SNe with near-IR SN light curves and precise Cepheid distances, which affords the promise to deliver a more precise determination of H {sub 0}.

  9. West Flank Coso, CA FORGE Seismic Reflection

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Doug Blankenship

    2016-05-16

    PDFs of seismic reflection profiles 101,110, 111 local to the West Flank FORGE site. 45 line kilometers of seismic reflection data are processed data collected in 2001 through the use of vibroseis trucks. The initial analysis and interpretation of these data was performed by Unruh et al. (2001). Optim processed these data by inverting the P-wave first arrivals to create a 2-D velocity structure. Kirchhoff images were then created for each line using velocity tomograms (Unruh et al., 2001).

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Maybell_West(2)

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Maybell West, Colorado, Disposal Site Key Documents and Links All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdf_icon Key Documents Fact Sheet 2015 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites-Maybell West, Colorado, Disposal Site Long-Term Surveillance Plan for the Maybell West (UMTRCA Title II) Disposal Site, Moffat County, Colorado, February 2010 Please be green. Do not print these documents unless absolutely necessary. Submit a

  11. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: West Virginia | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Virginia Categorical Exclusion Determinations: West Virginia Location Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions in West Virginia. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD February 29, 2016 CX-014596: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low-Pressure Development Combustor CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02/29/2016 Location(s): West Virginia Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory January 12, 2016 CX-014616: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biogasification CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date:

  12. Ohio Natural Gas Processed in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Processed in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 271 142,003 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Processed Ohio-West Virginia

  13. Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan Extends the Reach of the West Virginia

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    University Industrial Assessment Center | Department of Energy Technical Assistance » Industrial Assessment Centers (IACs) » Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan Extends the Reach of the West Virginia University Industrial Assessment Center Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan Extends the Reach of the West Virginia University Industrial Assessment Center Discussing energy audit results — Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan (left) and Dr. Ed Crowe (right, Engineering Scientist at West Virginia University)

  14. Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut Overview The West Haven (Connecticut) Campus of the Veterans Affairs Connecticut Health Care System was the first Veteran's Hospital to award a shared energy savings (SES) contract (now known as energy savings performance contracts). The project involves replacement of the lighting system, installation of a cooling system, maintenance of the new chiller

  15. West Valley Demolition Marks Important Accomplishment for EM | Department

    Energy Savers

    of Energy Demolition Marks Important Accomplishment for EM West Valley Demolition Marks Important Accomplishment for EM June 13, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Workers demolish the West Valley Demonstration Project's largest and most complex ancillary facility. Workers demolish the West Valley Demonstration Project's largest and most complex ancillary facility. Demolition work is shown in February 2013. Demolition work is shown in February 2013. Demolition continues in April 2013 with removal of

  16. GeoPowering the West - The Bountiful, Clean Energy Source for the West

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-04-01

    GeoPowering the West will contribute to the overall increased use of domestic renewable energy resources, as recommended in the National Energy Policy, by: - Doubling the number of states with geothermal electric power facilities from four to eight by 2010, and Supplying the heat or power needs of 5 million Western homes and businesses by 2015.Geothermal Energy Program Office of Energy.

  17. Star City, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    City, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.6584142, -79.9864528 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  18. MHK Technologies/Wave Energy Seawater Transmission WEST | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    to achieve higher reliability at lower cost. When WEST is combined with Bright Energy Storage Technologies seafloor compressed air energy storage (CAES) system, the two enable...

  19. West Point Treatment Plant Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Point Treatment Plant Sector Biomass Facility Type Non-Fossil Waste Location King County, Washington Coordinates 47.5480339, -121.9836029 Show Map Loading map......

  20. West Central Biodiesel Investors LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biodiesel Investors LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Central Biodiesel Investors, LLC Place: Ralston, Iowa Zip: 51459 Product: Iowa-based body raising capital to support...

  1. Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? ...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation. San Francisco, CA. March 25, 2004 Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? (116.66 KB) More Documents & ...

  2. Save Energy Now West Virginia | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of both the Regional Energy Efficiency Knowledge Center and an Energy Management resource database. ... in West Virginia in terms of improvements to their process heating systems. ...

  3. Brooke County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Brooke County, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.2697757, -80.5660657 Show Map Loading map......

  4. Scott Runnels of Computational Physics to teach at West Point

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Scott Runnels to teach at West Point Scott Runnels of Computational Physics to teach at West Point Runnels has been selected for a two-year faculty post in the Department of Physics and Nuclear Engineering at West Point. March 19, 2013 Scott Runnels Scott Runnels Contact Kevin Roark Communications Office (505) 665-9202 Email I'm sure this exchange will have tremendous benefits for both West Point and the Laboratory, and it continues a relationship with the Army that began more than 70 years ago

  5. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

  6. Clay County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.4417717, -81.1196075 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- West Milton Reactor Site...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Milton Reactor Site - NY 21 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: West Milton Reactor Site (NY.21) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site ...

  8. Office of Enterprise Assessments Review of the West Valley Demonostrat...

    Energy Savers

    ... West Valley, LLC CRAD Criteria and Review Approach ... EMCBC Environmental Management Consolidated Business ... Head End Vent HLW High Level Waste I&C Instrumentation and ...

  9. File:INL-geothermal-west-usa.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    INL-geothermal-west-usa.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Western United States Geothermal Resources Size of this preview: 653 599 pixels. Other...

  10. West Virginia Office of Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    monitoring and regulating all actions related to the exploration, drilling, storage and production of oil and natural gas. References "West Virginia Office of Oil and Gas"...

  11. West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Fuel Consumption ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Plant ...

  12. EECBG Success Story: Energy Savings, Improved Comfort for West...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    in Martinsburg, West Virginia replaced its HVAC system with a new chiller system fan coil units and enhanced duct work with funding from an Energy Efficiency and...

  13. West Tisbury, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    (Redirected from West Tisbury, MA) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.3812245, -70.6744723 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservi...

  14. West Sacramento, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Fuel Cell Partnership Registered Energy Companies in West Sacramento, California Bloo Solar formerly Q1 Nanosystems California Fuel Cell Partnership CaFCP References US...

  15. K West integrated water treatment system subproject safety analysis document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SEMMENS, L.S.

    1999-02-24

    This Accident Analysis evaluates unmitigated accident scenarios, and identifies Safety Significant and Safety Class structures, systems, and components for the K West Integrated Water Treatment System.

  16. West Kentucky Regional High School Science Bowl | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Kentucky Community & Technical College 4810 Alben Barkley Dr Paducah County, KY 42001 Contact Co-Coordinator: Robert "Buz" Smith Email: Robert.Smith@lex.doe.gov Phone: ...

  17. West Kentucky Regional Middle School Science Bowl | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Kentucky Community & Technical College 4810 Alben Barkley Dr Paducah County, KY 42001 Contact Co-Coordinator: Robert "Buz" Smith Email: Robert.Smith@lex.doe.gov Phone: ...

  18. Lincoln County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.1761009, -82.0842901 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  19. West Rutland, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Rutland is a town in Rutland County, Vermont. It falls under Vermont's At-large...

  20. Randolph County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.8092552, -80.0087746 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  1. Tucker County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Tucker County, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.1083806, -79.6502105 Show Map Loading map......

  2. Dunbar, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Dunbar, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.3606509, -81.7373485 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  3. Charleston, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.3498195, -81.6326234 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  4. McDowell County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.3860467, -81.647344 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":...

  5. West Windsor, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Windsor is a town in Windsor County, Vermont. It falls under Vermont's At-large...

  6. Marmet, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Marmet, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.2453787, -81.567064 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappings...

  7. Braxton County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Braxton County, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.7023371, -80.7214417 Show Map Loading map......

  8. West Union, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Union is a town in Steuben County, New York.1 References US Census Bureau...

  9. Elkview, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Elkview, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.434911, -81.474873 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappings...

  10. Chesapeake, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.5070284, -80.1520223 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  11. Ritchie County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ritchie County, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.1822303, -81.0312989 Show Map Loading map......

  12. Smithers, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Smithers, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.1812169, -81.3070558 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappi...

  13. West Coast Paper Mills Ltd WCPML | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Paper Mills Ltd WCPML Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Coast Paper Mills Ltd. (WCPML) Place: Dandeli, Karnataka, India Zip: 581 325 Sector: Biomass Product: Dandeli based...

  14. Clendenin, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Clendenin, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.4887089, -81.3481745 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  15. Handley, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Handley, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.1870493, -81.3653908 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappin...

  16. Pueblo West, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.3500016, -104.7227546 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservic...

  17. West Newbury, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Newbury is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts.1 References US Census Bureau...

  18. Morgantown, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Morgantown, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.629526, -79.9558968 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  19. Sissonville, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Sissonville, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.5281485, -81.6309601 Show Map Loading map......

  20. Monroe County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.5601958, -80.5882803 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  1. Mason County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.7553693, -81.9971108 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  2. Nitro, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Nitro, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.4148146, -81.8440197 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappings...

  3. West Hartford, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Hartford is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut.1 References US Census Bureau...

  4. Mercer County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.4322638, -81.1196075 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  5. West Morton, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Morton is a unorganized territory in Morton County, North Dakota. It falls under North...

  6. Marshall County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.8926818, -80.6770787 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  7. Triadelphia, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Triadelphia, West Virginia: Energy Resources (Redirected from Triadelphia, WV) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.0525734, -80.6284097 Show Map...

  8. Boone County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.9838605, -81.734942 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":...

  9. West Fargo, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    (Redirected from West Fargo, ND) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.87285, -96.897044 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"...

  10. Kendall West, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 25.7089842, -80.4382153 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  11. Greenbrier County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Greenbrier County, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.0198478, -80.543845 Show Map Loading map......

  12. Richmond West, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 25.6103836, -80.4294996 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  13. Jefferson County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.3059841, -77.8824596 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice"...

  14. West Haven, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Haven is a town in Rutland County, Vermont. It falls under Vermont's At-large...

  15. Preston County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Preston County, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.4372135, -79.6502105 Show Map Loading map......

  16. Enforcement Letter, Argonne National Laboratory-West- February 9, 1999

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Issued to Argonne National Laboratory related to a Dropped Fuel Basket Assembly and Radiation Protection Program Deficiencies at Argonne National Laboratory-West

  17. SeaWest WindPower Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    planning & permitting, project finance, construction managment, operation & maintenance etc. References: SeaWest WindPower Inc1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  18. DOE Releases Request for Information for the West Valley Demonstration...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Request for Information for the West Valley Demonstration Project Technical Services to Develop a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Procurement DOE Releases Request for ...

  19. West Virginia/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    >> West Virginia Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  20. West Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5312016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Electric Power Consumers West Virginia Natural Gas Consumption by End Use Electric Power Consumption of Natural Gas (Summary)

  1. REFF West Presentation/Prepared Remarks | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    & Publications RETECH PresentationPrepared Remarks Presentation: DOE Loan Programs REFF West PresentationPrepared Remarks Powering New Markets: Utility-scale Photovoltaic Solar

  2. City of West Plains, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Plains, Missouri (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of West Plains Place: Missouri Phone Number: 417-256-7176 Website: westplains.nethallelectricde Twitter:...

  3. West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(266) Contributor...

  4. West Flank Coso FORGE: well photos and notes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doug Blankenship

    2015-12-21

    Photos and detailed down-hole lithology notes for wells CGEH-1 and 74-2 at the West Flank Coso, Ca FORGE location.

  5. West Tisbury, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in West Tisbury, Massachusetts Vineyard Energy Project Smart Grid Project References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil...

  6. Brookhaven, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Brookhaven, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.6117487, -79.904506 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  7. New Mexico - West Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Proved Reserves...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) New Mexico - West Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 ...

  8. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","22016","1151991" ,"Release ...

  9. Enterprise Assessments Review of the West Valley Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Review of the West Valley Demonstration Project Site Fire ... Office of Environment, Safety and Health Assessments ... In this report, EA uses the terms "deficiencies, findings, ...

  10. New Mexico--West Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) New Mexico--West Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- West Lake Landfill - MO...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Lake Landfill - MO 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: West Lake Landfill (MO.05) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition:...

  12. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, West Valley Demonstration...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    8 Evaluation to determine whether West Valley Demonstration Project is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition. The Team conducted its review during...

  13. West Virginia Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Proved Reserves (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 ... Release Date: 11192015 Next Release Date: 12312016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus ...

  14. Montgomery, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Montgomery, West Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.1803833, -81.3284452 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"map...

  15. Sandia National Laboratories, West Flank | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    West Flank Sandia National Laboratories, West Flank WestFlank_Final.png The West Flank FORGE team proposed an R&D plan that aimed to effectively reduce risks to industry and enable development of the enormous EGS resource potential. The team is worked in partnership with the U.S. Department of Defense to reduce our Nation's dependency on fossil fuels and to safeguard the military readiness for the United States. Drilling in and around the selected FORGE location had indicated remarkably low

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- West Valley Demonstration...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Valley Demonstration Project - NY 23 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: West Valley Demonstration Project (NY.23) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site ...

  17. Winslow West, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West, Arizona: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 35.0322421, -110.7529145 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice...

  18. West Clare Renewable Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: A wind project developer established to build the Mount Callan wind farm in County Clare Ireland. References: West Clare Renewable...

  19. Renewable Energy Deployment in Colorado and the West: A Modeling...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewable Energy Deployment in Colorado and the West: A Modeling Sensitivity and GIS ... and Meghan Mooney National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL...

  20. New Mexico - West Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - West Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade ...

  1. Geothermal Literature Review At U.S. West Region (Blackwell,...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At U.S. West Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details...

  2. West Turin, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    on":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Turin is a town in Lewis County, New York.1 References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor...

  3. MID-IR SPECTRA OF TYPE Ia SN 2014J IN M82 SPANNING THE FIRST 4 MONTHS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Telesco, Charles M.; Li, Dan; Barnes, Peter J.; Mariñas, Naibí; Zhang, Han; Höflich, Peter; Álvarez, Carlos; Fernández, Sergio; Rebolo, Rafael; Hough, James H.; Levenson, N. A.; Pantin, Eric; Roche, Patrick E-mail: phoeflich77@gmail.com

    2015-01-10

    We present a time series of 8-13 μm spectra and photometry for SN 2014J obtained 57, 81, 108, and 137 days after the explosion using CanariCam on the Gran Telescopio Canarias. This is the first mid-IR time series ever obtained for a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia). These observations can be understood within the framework of the delayed detonation model and the production of ∼0.6 M {sub ☉} of {sup 56}Ni, consistent with the observed brightness, the brightness decline relation, and the γ-ray fluxes. The [Co III] line at 11.888 μm is particularly useful for evaluating the time evolution of the photosphere and measuring the amount of {sup 56}Ni and thus the mass of the ejecta. Late-time line profiles of SN 2014J are rather symmetric and not shifted in the rest frame. We see argon emission, which provides a unique probe of mixing in the transition layer between incomplete burning and nuclear statistical equilibrium. We may see [Fe III] and [Ni IV] emission, both of which are observed to be substantially stronger than indicated by our models. If the latter identification is correct, then we are likely observing stable Ni, which might imply central mixing. In addition, electron capture, also required for stable Ni, requires densities larger than ∼1 × 10{sup 9} g cm{sup –3}, which are expected to be present only in white dwarfs close to the Chandrasekhar limit. This study demonstrates that mid-IR studies of SNe Ia are feasible from the ground and provide unique information, but it also indicates the need for better atomic data.

  4. Systematic uncertainties associated with the cosmological analysis of the first Pan-STARRS1 type Ia supernova sample

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scolnic, D.; Riess, A.; Brout, D.; Rodney, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Rest, A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Huber, M. E.; Tonry, J. L. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Foley, R. J.; Chornock, R.; Berger, E.; Soderberg, A. M.; Stubbs, C. W.; Kirshner, R. P.; Challis, P.; Czekala, I.; Drout, M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Narayan, G. [Department of Physics, Harvard University, 17 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Smartt, S. J.; Botticella, M. T. [Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queens University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Schlafly, E. [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); and others

    2014-11-01

    We probe the systematic uncertainties from the 113 Type Ia supernovae (SN Ia) in the Pan-STARRS1 (PS1) sample along with 197 SN Ia from a combination of low-redshift surveys. The companion paper by Rest et al. describes the photometric measurements and cosmological inferences from the PS1 sample. The largest systematic uncertainty stems from the photometric calibration of the PS1 and low-z samples. We increase the sample of observed Calspec standards from 7 to 10 used to define the PS1 calibration system. The PS1 and SDSS-II calibration systems are compared and discrepancies up to ?0.02 mag are recovered. We find uncertainties in the proper way to treat intrinsic colors and reddening produce differences in the recovered value of w up to 3%. We estimate masses of host galaxies of PS1 supernovae and detect an insignificant difference in distance residuals of the full sample of 0.037 0.031 mag for host galaxies with high and low masses. Assuming flatness and including systematic uncertainties in our analysis of only SNe measurements, we find w =?1.120{sub ?0.206}{sup +0.360}(Stat){sub ?0.291}{sup +0.269}(Sys). With additional constraints from Baryon acoustic oscillation, cosmic microwave background (CMB) (Planck) and H {sub 0} measurements, we find w=?1.166{sub ?0.069}{sup +0.072} and ?{sub m}=0.280{sub ?0.012}{sup +0.013} (statistical and systematic errors added in quadrature). The significance of the inconsistency with w = 1 depends on whether we use Planck or Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe measurements of the CMB: w{sub BAO+H0+SN+WMAP}=?1.124{sub ?0.065}{sup +0.083}.

  5. Gravity Data for west-central Colorado

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Zehner, Richard

    2012-04-06

    Modeled Bouger Gravity data was extracted from the Pan American Center for Earth and Environmental Studies Gravity Database of the U.S. at http://irpsrvgis08.utep.edu/viewers/Flex/GravityMagnetic/GravityMagnetic_CyberShare/ on 2/29/2012. The downloaded text file was opened in an Excel spreadsheet. This spreadsheet data was then converted into an ESRI point shapefile in UTM Zone 13 NAD27 projection, showing location and gravity (in milligals). This data was then converted to grid and then contoured using ESRI Spatial Analyst. This dataset contains the original spreadsheet data, a point shapefile showing gravity station locations and Bouger gravity, and a line shapefile showing 1 milligal contours. Projection: UTM Zone 13 NAD27 Gravity Contour Shapefile Extent: West -108.366690 East -105.478730 North 40.932318 South 36.961606 Gravity Point Shapefile Extent: West -108.366692 East -105.478847 North 40.932361 South 36.961606 Data from From University of Texas: Pan American Center for Earth and Environmental Studies

  6. Nearby Supernova Factory Observations of SN 2005gj: Another TypeIa Supernova in a Massive Circumstellar Envelope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aldering, G.; Antilogus, P.; Bailey, S.; Baltay, C.; Bauer, A.; Blanc, N.; Bongard, S.; Copin, Y.; Gangler, E.; Gilles, S.; Kessler, R.; Kocevski, D.; Lee, B.C.; Loken, S.; Nugent, P.; Pain, R.; Pecontal, E.; Pereira, R.; Perlmutter, S.; Rabinowitz, D.; Rigaudier, G.; Scalzo, R.; Smadja, G.; Thomas, R.C.; Wang, L.; Weaver, B.A.; Rabinowitz, D.; Bauer, A.

    2006-06-01

    We report the independent discovery and follow-up observations of supernova 2005gj by the Nearby Supernova Factory. This is the second confirmed case of a ''hybrid'' Type Ia/IIn supernova, which like the prototype SN 2002ic, we interpret as the explosion of a white dwarf interacting with a circumstellar medium. Our early-phase photometry of SN 2005gj shows that the strength of the interaction between the supernova ejecta and circumstellar material is much stronger than for SN 2002ic. Our .rst spectrum shows a hot continuum with broad and narrow H{alpha} emission. Later spectra, spanning over 4 months from outburst, show clear Type Ia features combined with broad and narrow H{gamma}, H{beta},H{alpha} and He I {lambda}{lambda}5876,7065 in emission. At higher resolution, P Cygni profiles are apparent. Surprisingly, we also observe an inverted P Cygni profile for [O III] {lambda}5007. We find that the lightcurve and measured velocity of the unshocked circumstellar material imply mass loss as recently as 8 years ago. This is in contrast to SN 2002ic, for which an inner cavity in the circumstellar material was inferred. Within the context of the thin-shell approximation, the early lightcurve is well-described by a flat radial density profile for the circumstellar material. However, our decomposition of the spectra into Type Ia and shock emission components allows for little obscuration of the supernova, suggesting an aspherical or clumpy distribution for the circumstellar material. We suggest that the emission line velocity profiles arise from electron scattering rather than the kinematics of the shock. This is supported by the inferred high densities, and the lack of evidence for evolution in the line widths. Ground- and space-based photometry, and Keck spectroscopy, of the host galaxy are used to ascertain that the host galaxy has low metallicity (Z/Z{sub {circle_dot}} < 0.3; 95% confidence) and that this galaxy is undergoing a significant star formation event that

  7. DISPLAYING THE HETEROGENEITY OF THE SN 2002cx-LIKE SUBCLASS OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE WITH OBSERVATIONS OF THE Pan-STARRS-1 DISCOVERED SN 2009ku

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narayan, G.; Foley, R. J.; Berger, E.; Chornock, R.; Rest, A.; Soderberg, A. M.; Kirshner, R. P.; Botticella, M. T.; Smartt, S.; Valenti, S.; Huber, M. E.; Scolnic, D.; Grav, T.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Flewelling, H. A.; Gates, G.; Kaiser, N.; Magnier, E. A.; Morgan, J. S. E-mail: rfoley@cfa.harvard.edu

    2011-04-10

    SN 2009ku, discovered by Pan-STARRS-1, is a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia), and a member of the distinct SN 2002cx-like class of SNe Ia. Its light curves are similar to the prototypical SN 2002cx, but are slightly broader and have a later rise to maximum in g. SN 2009ku is brighter ({approx}0.6 mag) than other SN 2002cx-like objects, peaking at M{sub V} = -18.4 mag, which is still significantly fainter than typical SNe Ia. SN 2009ku, which had an ejecta velocity of {approx}2000 km s{sup -1} at 18 days after maximum brightness, is spectroscopically most similar to SN 2008ha, which also had extremely low-velocity ejecta. However, SN 2008ha had an exceedingly low luminosity, peaking at M{sub V} = -14.2 mag, {approx}4 mag fainter than SN 2009ku. The contrast of high luminosity and low ejecta velocity for SN 2009ku is contrary to an emerging trend seen for the SN 2002cx class. SN 2009ku is a counterexample of a previously held belief that the class was more homogeneous than typical SNe Ia, indicating that the class has a diverse progenitor population and/or complicated explosion physics. As the first example of a member of this class of objects from the new generation of transient surveys, SN 2009ku is an indication of the potential for these surveys to find rare and interesting objects.

  8. West Flank Coso, CA FORGE ArcGIS data 2

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Doug Blankenship

    2016-03-01

    archive of ArcGIS data from the West Flank FORGE site located in Coso, California. Archive contains: 8 shapefiles polygon of the 3D geologic model polylines of the traces 3D modeled faults polylines of the fault traces from Duffield and Bacon, 1980 polygon of the West Flank FORGE site polylines of the traces of the geologic cross-sections (cross-sections in a separate archive in the GDR) polylines of the traces of the seismic reflection profiles through and adjacent to the West Flank site (seismic reflection profiles in a separate archive in the GDR) points of the well collars in and around the West Flank site polylines of the surface expression of the West Flank well paths

  9. VWZ-0011- In the Matter of West Valley Nuclear Services Co., Inc.

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This decision considers a Motion to Dismiss filed by West Valley Nuclear Services, Inc. (West Valley) on May 18, 1999. In its Motion, West Valley seeks the partial dismissal of a Complaint filed...

  10. VWZ-0010- In the Matter of West Valley Nuclear Services Co., Inc.

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This decision considers a “Motion to Dismiss” filed by West Valley Nuclear Services, Inc. (West Valley) on April 27, 1999. In its Motion, West Valley seeks the dismissal of a Complaint filed by...

  11. Liberty Utilities (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: Varies Lighting Controls: 20-50sensor Compressed Air: 120-200HP Variable Speed Drives (Retrofit): 1050-4400 Motors...

  12. Liberty Power Corp. | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Form 861 Data Utility Id 55781 Utility Location Yes Ownership R ISO CA Yes ISO Ercot Yes RTO PJM Yes ISO NY Yes ISO MISO Yes ISO NE Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This article...

  13. Preliminary Notice of Violation, West Valley Nuclear Services- EA-1999-09

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Issued to West Valley Nuclear Services, related to a High-Level Radioactive Waste Contamination Event at the West Valley Demonstration Project,(EA-1999-09)

  14. VWA-0033- In the Matter of Gretencord v. West Valley Nuclear Services Co., Inc.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This decision considers a Complaint filed by John L. Gretencord (Gretencord) against West Valley Nuclear Services, Inc. (West Valley) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee...

  15. DOE Issues Draft Request for Proposals for the West Valley Demonstrati...

    Energy Savers

    West Valley Demonstration Project Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Support Service DOE Issues Draft Request for Proposals for the West Valley Demonstration Project ...

  16. Gatton Academy Wins DOE's West Kentucky Regional Science Bowl |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Gatton Academy Wins DOE's West Kentucky Regional Science Bowl Gatton Academy Wins DOE's West Kentucky Regional Science Bowl February 19, 2016 - 4:30pm Addthis Gatton Academy Team-1 won the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) West Kentucky Regional Science Bowl on February 19, 2016. Gatton will travel to Washington, D.C. to compete in the National Finals of DOE’s National Science Bowl® April 28 through May 2. Pictured, from left: Gatton's Taylor Young, Seth

  17. EERE Success Story-Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy West Union Green Transformation Project EERE Success Story-Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project March 17, 2014 - 11:26am Addthis Utilizing funding from EERE and cost shares from other federal agencies, the City of West Union, Iowa, drilled geothermal wells in order to install a closed-loop geothermal heating and cooling system. The system is designed to serve 330,000 square feet of mixed used space in the downtown area, including 80% of the 60 downtown

  18. West Flank Coso FORGE Magnetotelluric 3D Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Doug Blankenship

    2016-01-01

    This is the 3D version of the MT data for the West Flank FORGE area.The Coso geothermal field has had three Magnetotelluric (MT) datasets collected including surveys in 2003, 2006, and 2011. The final collection, in 2011, expanded the survey to the west and covers the West Flank of FORGE area.This most recent data set was collected by Schlumberger/WesternGeco and inverted by the WesternGeco GeoSolutions Integrated EM Center of Excellence in Milan, Italy; the 2003 and 2006 data were integrated for these inversions in the present study.

  19. West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan (WV SGIP) Project

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan (WV SGIP) Project APERC Report on Assessment of As-Is Grid by Non-Utility Stakeholders Introduction One goal of this grid modernization project is to assess the current status of the electric power grid in West Virginia in order to define the potential to implement smart grid technologies. Thus, an initial task of this project was to define the current state or "As-Is" grid in West Virginia. Financial and time constraints prohibited the

  20. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Processed in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Processed in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 10,273 236,886 101,613 124,130 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Processed Pennsylvania-West Virginia

  1. Ohio Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in West Virginia

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 12,884 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Ohio-West Virginia

  2. Kentucky Natural Gas Processed in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Processed in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 22,637 25,315 24,086 23,759 23,438 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Processed Kentucky-West Virginia

  3. Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in West Virginia

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in West Virginia (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 1,465 1,399 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Kentucky-West

  4. West Valley Melter Draft Waste Evaluation Released for Public Comment |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Melter Draft Waste Evaluation Released for Public Comment West Valley Melter Draft Waste Evaluation Released for Public Comment March 11, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Bill Taylor (513) 246-0539 william.taylor@emcbc.doe.gov West Valley, New York - The U.S. Department of Energy today released a Draft Waste Incidental to Reprocessing (WIR) Evaluation of a vitrification melter at the West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) for review and comment by the public,

  5. A Chandrasekhar mass progenitor for the Type Ia supernova remnant 3C 397 from the enhanced abundances of nickel and manganese

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Yamaguchi, Hiroya; Badenes, Carles; Foster, Adam R.; Bravo, Eduardo; Williams, Brian J.; Maeda, Keiichi; Nobukawa, Masayoshi; Eriksen, Kristoffer A.; Brickhouse, Nancy S.; Petre, Robert; et al

    2015-03-12

    Despite decades of intense efforts, many fundamental aspects of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) remain elusive. One of the major open questions is whether the mass of an exploding white dwarf (WD) is close to the Chandrasekhar limit. Here, we report the detection of strong K-shell emission from stable Fe-peak elements in the Suzaku X-ray spectrum of the Type Ia supernova remnant (SNR) 3C 397. The high Ni/Fe and Mn/Fe mass ratios (0.11–0.24 and 0.018–0.033, respectively) in the hot plasma component that dominates the K-shell emission lines indicate a degree of neutronization in the supernova ejecta that can only bemore » achieved by electron capture in the dense cores of exploding WDs with a near-Chandrasekhar mass. This suggests a single-degenerate origin for 3C 397, since Chandrasekhar mass progenitors are expected naturally if the WD accretes mass slowly from a companion. Altogether with other results supporting the double-degenerate scenario, our work adds to the mounting evidence that both progenitor channels make a significant contribution to the SN Ia rate in star-forming galaxies.« less

  6. A Chandrasekhar mass progenitor for the Type Ia supernova remnant 3C 397 from the enhanced abundances of nickel and manganese

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, Hiroya; Badenes, Carles; Foster, Adam R.; Bravo, Eduardo; Williams, Brian J.; Maeda, Keiichi; Nobukawa, Masayoshi; Eriksen, Kristoffer A.; Brickhouse, Nancy S.; Petre, Robert; Koyama, Katsuji

    2015-03-12

    Despite decades of intense efforts, many fundamental aspects of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) remain elusive. One of the major open questions is whether the mass of an exploding white dwarf (WD) is close to the Chandrasekhar limit. Here, we report the detection of strong K-shell emission from stable Fe-peak elements in the Suzaku X-ray spectrum of the Type Ia supernova remnant (SNR) 3C 397. The high Ni/Fe and Mn/Fe mass ratios (0.11–0.24 and 0.018–0.033, respectively) in the hot plasma component that dominates the K-shell emission lines indicate a degree of neutronization in the supernova ejecta that can only be achieved by electron capture in the dense cores of exploding WDs with a near-Chandrasekhar mass. This suggests a single-degenerate origin for 3C 397, since Chandrasekhar mass progenitors are expected naturally if the WD accretes mass slowly from a companion. Altogether with other results supporting the double-degenerate scenario, our work adds to the mounting evidence that both progenitor channels make a significant contribution to the SN Ia rate in star-forming galaxies.

  7. West Point, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Point is a town in King William County, Virginia. It falls under Virginia's 1st congressional district.12...

  8. Vista West, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Vista West is a census-designated place in Natrona County, Wyoming. It falls under Wyoming's...

  9. West Florida El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    El Coop Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Florida El Coop Assn, Inc Place: Florida Phone Number: 1-800-342-7400 Website: www.westflorida.coop Twitter: https:...

  10. West Virginia Coalbed Methane Production (Billion Cubic Feet...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Production (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Coalbed Methane Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 30...

  11. Valencia West, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Valencia West is a census-designated place in Pima County, Arizona.1 References US...

  12. West Virginia Dry Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Dry Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 ...

  13. West University Place, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West University Place is a city in Harris County, Texas. It falls under Texas's 7th congressional district.12 References ...

  14. The 100K West Reactor Water Treatment Facilities

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    demolition (D&D) work at the 100K West Reactor Water Treatment Facilities at the Hanford ... facilities and waste sites that supported reactor operations from the 1950s to the 1970s. ...

  15. Ice Sheet Model Reveals Most Comprehensive Projections for West...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    has been stage to dramatic thinning in recent years. The West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) is out of balance because it is losing significant amounts of ice to the ocean, with...

  16. West Valley Demonstration Project Transportation Emergency Management Program

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    West Valley Demonstration Project Transportation Emergency Management Program Independent Oversight Review of the Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance September 2000 OVERSIGHT Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ................................................................... 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................... 4 2.0 RESULTS .........................................................................................

  17. West Virginia Natural Gas Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    and Plant Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 ...

  18. Jackson County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Jackson County is a county in West Virginia. Its FIPS County Code is 035. It is classified as...

  19. Taylor County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Taylor County is a county in West Virginia. Its FIPS County Code is 091. It is classified as...

  20. Marion County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Marion County is a county in West Virginia. Its FIPS County Code is 049. It is classified as...

  1. West Simsbury, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Simsbury is a census-designated place in Hartford County, Connecticut.1 References...

  2. West Modesto, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Modesto is a census-designated place in Stanislaus County, California.1 References...

  3. West Lake Hills, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Lake Hills is a city in Travis County, Texas. It falls under Texas's 10th congressional...

  4. West Little River, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Little River is a census-designated place in Miami-Dade County, Florida.1 References...

  5. West Burlington, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Burlington is a city in Des Moines County, Iowa. It falls under Iowa's 2nd...

  6. West Dundee, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Dundee is a village in Kane County, Illinois. It falls under Illinois' 14th...

  7. West Hollywood, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Hollywood is a city in Los Angeles County, California. It falls under California's 30th...

  8. West Compton, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Compton is a census-designated place in Los Angeles County, California.1 References...

  9. West Oregon Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Oregon Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Oregon Electric Coop Inc Place: Oregon Phone Number: 503-429-3021 or 1-800-777-1276 Website: www.westoregon.org...

  10. West Bloomfield Township, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Bloomfield Township is a census-designated place in Oakland County, Michigan.1...

  11. West New York, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West New York is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey. It falls under New Jersey's 13th...

  12. West Covina, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Covina is a city in Los Angeles County, California. It falls under California's 32nd...

  13. West Linn, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Linn is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon. It falls under Oregon's 5th congressional...

  14. West Millgrove, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Millgrove is a village in Wood County, Ohio. It falls under Ohio's 5th congressional...

  15. West Hampton Dunes, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Hampton Dunes is a village in Suffolk County, New York. It falls under New York's 1st...

  16. West Coast Wind Farms Scotland Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Farms Scotland Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Coast Wind Farms (Scotland) Ltd Place: Ilfracombe, United Kingdom Zip: EX34 8NJ Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind...

  17. West Haverstraw, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Haverstraw is a village in Rockland County, New York. It falls under New York's 18th...

  18. West Nyack, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Nyack is a census-designated place in Rockland County, New York.1 References US...

  19. West Carroll Parish, Louisiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Carroll Parish is a county in Louisiana. Its FIPS County Code is 123. It is classified...

  20. West Monroe, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Monroe is a census-designated place in Monroe County, Michigan.1 References US...

  1. West Islip, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Islip is a census-designated place in Suffolk County, New York.1 References US...

  2. West Concord, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Concord is a city in Dodge County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 1st...

  3. West Pleasant View, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Pleasant View is a census-designated place in Jefferson County, Colorado.1 References...

  4. West Vero Corridor, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Vero Corridor is a census-designated place in Indian River County, Florida.1...

  5. West Point, Kentucky: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Point is a city in Hardin County, Kentucky. It falls under Kentucky's 2nd congressional...

  6. West Hills, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Hills is a census-designated place in Suffolk County, New York.1 References US...

  7. West Rushville, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Rushville is a village in Fairfield County, Ohio. It falls under Ohio's 7th...

  8. West Fargo, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Fargo is a city in Cass County, North Dakota. It falls under North Dakota's At-large...

  9. West Farmington, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Farmington is a village in Trumbull County, Ohio. It falls under Ohio's 17th...

  10. West Springfield, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Springfield is a census-designated place in Fairfax County, Virginia.1 References ...

  11. West Haven-Sylvan, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Haven-Sylvan is a census-designated place in Washington County, Oregon.1 References...

  12. West Peavine, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Peavine is a census-designated place in Adair County, Oklahoma.1 References US...

  13. West View, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West View is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. It falls under Pennsylvania's 4th...

  14. West Wildwood, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Wildwood is a borough in Cape May County, New Jersey. It falls under New Jersey's 2nd...

  15. West Whittier-Los Nietos, California: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Whittier-Los Nietos is a census-designated place in Los Angeles County, California.1...

  16. West Mountain, Utah: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Mountain is a census-designated place in Utah County, Utah.1 References US Census...

  17. West Athens, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Athens is a census-designated place in Los Angeles County, California.1 References...

  18. West Bay Shore, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Bay Shore is a census-designated place in Suffolk County, New York.1 References ...

  19. West Palm Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Palm Beach is a city in Palm Beach County, Florida. It falls under Florida's 19th...

  20. West Wareham, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Wareham is a census-designated place in Plymouth County, Massachusetts.1 References...