National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for welding shop instrumentation

  1. Development Shop | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Development Shop The Ames Laboratory operates a complete machine shop. Our shop consists of the modern equipment needed to fabricate almost any conceivable device required for research project. If you have a need or any questions about the fabrication of items to support your mission in research please contact us. Our machining equipment includes: Lathes CNC Bridgeport Mills Shears Press Brake (for bending) EDM (Electronic Discharge Machining) Grinders Saws We are capable of welding nearly any

  2. Erosion Flume | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Real-Time Yes Test Services Test Services Yes On-Site fabrication capabilityequipment Machine shop, carpenter shop, welding shop, instrumentation and electronics shop Past...

  3. Kennedy Flume | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Real-Time Yes Test Services Test Services Yes On-Site fabrication capabilityequipment Machine shop, carpenter shop, welding shop, instrumentation and electronics shop Past...

  4. Environmental Flume | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Real-Time Yes Test Services Test Services Yes On-Site fabrication capabilityequipment Machine shop, carpenter shop, welding shop, instrumentation and electronics shop Past...

  5. University of Iowa Wave Basin | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Real-Time Yes Test Services Test Services Yes On-Site fabrication capabilityequipment Machine shop, carpenter shop, welding shop, instrumentation and electronics shop Past...

  6. Ice Towing Tank | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Real-Time Yes Test Services Test Services Yes On-Site fabrication capabilityequipment Machine shop, carpenter shop, welding shop, instrumentation and electronics shop Past...

  7. Small Towing Tank | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Real-Time Yes Test Services Test Services Yes On-Site fabrication capabilityequipment Machine shop, carpenter shop, welding shop, instrumentation and electronics shop Past...

  8. Tips: Shopping for Lighting

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    When shopping for lighting, you can now use the Lighting Facts label and lumens to compare bulbs and purchase a bulb with the amount of brightness you want.

  9. WELDING TORCH

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Correy, T.B.

    1961-10-01

    A welding torch into which water and inert gas are piped separately for cooling and for providing a suitable gaseous atmosphere is described. A welding electrode is clamped in the torch by a removable collet sleeve and a removable collet head. Replacement of the sleeve and head with larger or smaller sleeve and head permits a larger or smaller welding electrode to be substituted on the torch. (AEC)

  10. Solar Shop Australia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Shop Australia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Shop Australia Place: Adelaide, South Australia, Australia Zip: SA 5069 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: South...

  11. WELDING METHOD

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cornell, A.A.; Dunbar, J.V.; Ruffner, J.H.

    1959-09-29

    A semi-automatic method is described for the weld joining of pipes and fittings which utilizes the inert gasshielded consumable electrode electric arc welding technique, comprising laying down the root pass at a first peripheral velocity and thereafter laying down the filler passes over the root pass necessary to complete the weld by revolving the pipes and fittings at a second peripheral velocity different from the first peripheral velocity, maintaining the welding head in a fixed position as to the specific direction of revolution, while the longitudinal axis of the welding head is disposed angularly in the direction of revolution at amounts between twenty minutas and about four degrees from the first position.

  12. Process Waste Assessment - Paint Shop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, N.M.

    1993-06-01

    This Process Waste Assessment was conducted to evaluate hazardous wastes generated in the Paint Shop, Building 913, Room 130. Special attention is given to waste streams generated by the spray painting process because it requires a number of steps for preparing, priming, and painting an object. Also, the spray paint booth covers the largest area in R-130. The largest and most costly waste stream to dispose of is {open_quote}Paint Shop waste{close_quotes} -- a combination of paint cans, rags, sticks, filters, and paper containers. These items are compacted in 55-gallon drums and disposed of as solid hazardous waste. Recommendations are made for minimizing waste in the Paint Shop. Paint Shop personnel are very aware of the need to minimize hazardous wastes and are continuously looking for opportunities to do so.

  13. Wonder Weld

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-01-01

    Engineers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory are using the process shown here to create a super-strong weld for the upgrade of a key component of the Lab's experimental nuclear fusion reactor.

  14. Narrow gap laser welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Milewski, J.O.; Sklar, E.

    1998-06-02

    A laser welding process including: (a) using optical ray tracing to make a model of a laser beam and the geometry of a joint to be welded; (b) adjusting variables in the model to choose variables for use in making a laser weld; and (c) laser welding the joint to be welded using the chosen variables. 34 figs.

  15. Narrow gap laser welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Milewski, John O.; Sklar, Edward

    1998-01-01

    A laser welding process including: (a) using optical ray tracing to make a model of a laser beam and the geometry of a joint to be welded; (b) adjusting variables in the model to choose variables for use in making a laser weld; and (c) laser welding the joint to be welded using the chosen variables.

  16. Weld pool oscillation during pulsed GTA welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aendenroomer, A.J.R.; Ouden, G. den

    1996-12-31

    This paper deals with weld pool oscillation during pulsed GTA welding and with the possibility to use this oscillation for in-process control of weld penetration. Welding experiments were carried out under different welding conditions. During welding the weld pool was triggered into oscillation by the normal welding pulses or by extra current pulses. The oscillation frequency was measured both during the pulse time and during the base time by analyzing the arc voltage variation using a Fast Fourier Transformation program. Optimal results are obtained when full penetration occurs during the pulse time and partial penetration during the base time. Under these conditions elliptical overlapping spot welds are formed. In the case of full penetration the weld pool oscillates in a low frequency mode (membrane oscillation), whereas in the case of partial penetration the weld pool oscillates in a high frequency mode (surface oscillation). Deviation from the optimal welding conditions occurs when high frequency oscillation is observed during both pulse time and base time (underpenetration) or when low frequency oscillation is observed during both pulse time and base time (overpenetration). In line with these results a penetration sensing system with feedback control was designed, based on the criterion that optimal weld penetration is achieved when two peaks are observed in the frequency distribution. The feasibility of this sensing system for orbital tube welding was confirmed by the results of experiments carried out under various welding conditions.

  17. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsAerosols

  18. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsOther

  19. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsRadiometric

  20. WELDING APPARATUS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Correy, T.B.; DeWitt, D.E.; Nelson, I.V.

    1963-04-23

    This patent covers an arrangement for replacing air in a welding chamber with an inert gas. This operation usually is time-consuming because of the tendency of the inert gas to mix with the air being removed from the welding chamber. The chamber is open at the bottom and has at its top a cover and a porous plate a little below the cover. The inert gas is admitted to the chamber through two screened openings in the cover. On passing through the porous plate, the gas acts as a piston extending across the chamber and moving downwardly to expel the air through the lower open end of the chamber, with a minimum of mixing with the air being expelled. (AEC)

  1. WELDING PROCESS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zambrow, J.; Hausner, H.

    1957-09-24

    A method of joining metal parts for the preparation of relatively long, thin fuel element cores of uranium or alloys thereof for nuclear reactors is described. The process includes the steps of cleaning the surfaces to be jointed, placing the sunfaces together, and providing between and in contact with them, a layer of a compound in finely divided form that is decomposable to metal by heat. The fuel element members are then heated at the contact zone and maintained under pressure during the heating to decompose the compound to metal and sinter the members and reduced metal together producing a weld. The preferred class of decomposable compounds are the metal hydrides such as uranium hydride, which release hydrogen thus providing a reducing atmosphere in the vicinity of the welding operation.

  2. Comparison Between Keyhole Weld Model and Laser Welding Experiments...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Comparison Between Keyhole Weld Model and Laser Welding Experiments Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Comparison Between Keyhole Weld Model and Laser...

  3. Shopping for Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Appliances & Electronics » Shopping for Appliances Shopping for Appliances What's the real cost? Every appliance has two price tags -- the purchase price and the operating cost. Consider both when buying a new appliance. What's the real cost? Every appliance has two price tags -- the purchase price and the operating cost. Consider both when buying a new appliance. When you're shopping for appliances, think of two price tags. The first one covers the purchase price -- think of it as a down

  4. FormCampusMachineShopsLabs.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Highway Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70806 225-578-8887 225-578-6954 (Fax) Form for Campus Machine Shops and Labs Purchaser's Name Phone ...

  5. Tips: Shopping for Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Appliances Tips: Shopping for Appliances What's the real cost? Every appliance has two price tags -- the purchase price and the operating cost. Consider both when buying a new...

  6. Energy Savers: Your One Stop Shop for Energy Efficiency Upgrades...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Your One Stop Shop for Energy Efficiency Upgrades Energy Savers: Your One Stop Shop for ... Energy Savers: A one-stop energy efficiency shop for multifamily building owners Energy ...

  7. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation & Control Skid V

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-08-14

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid designated as ''V''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  8. PowerPoint Presentation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    * Machine shop * LH lab * Power systems and computer shop * Diagnostics setup lab * Welding shop 5 Year 513-514 2003 Some C-Mod Specific Instrumentation * 360 TF joint...

  9. Laser weld jig

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Van Blarigan, Peter (Livermore, CA); Haupt, David L. (Livermore, CA)

    1982-01-01

    A system is provided for welding a workpiece (10, FIG. 1) along a predetermined weld line (12) that may be of irregular shape, which includes the step of forming a lip (32) on the workpiece to extend parallel to the weld line, and moving the workpiece by engaging the lip between a pair of rotatable members (34, 36). Rotation of one of the members at a constant speed, causes the workpiece to move so that all points on the weld line sequentially pass a fixed point in space (17) at a constant speed, so that a laser welding beam can be directed at that fixed point to form a weld along the weld line. The workpiece can include a reuseable jig (24) forming the lip, and with the jig constructed to detachably hold parts (22, 20) to be welded at a position wherein the weld line of the parts extends parallel to the lip on the jig.

  10. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsAirborne Observations

  11. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsCloud Properties

  12. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsOcean Observations

  13. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsSatellite Observations

  14. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsSurface Meteorology

  15. Klamath County Shops Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Shops Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Klamath County Shops Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Klamath...

  16. Fusion welding process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Kenneth C.; Jones, Eric D.; McBride, Marvin A.

    1983-01-01

    A process for the fusion welding of nickel alloy steel members wherein a ferrite containing pellet is inserted into a cavity in one member and melted by a welding torch. The resulting weld nugget, a fusion of the nickel containing alloy from the members to be welded and the pellet, has a composition which is sufficiently low in nickel content such that ferrite phases occur within the weld nugget, resulting in improved weld properties. The steel alloys encompassed also include alloys containing carbon and manganese, considered nickel equivalents.

  17. Comparing Laser Welding Technologies with Friction Stir Welding for Production of Aluminum Tailor-Welded Blanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hovanski, Yuri; Carsley, John; Carlson, Blair; Hartfield-Wunsch, Susan; Pilli, Siva Prasad

    2014-01-15

    A comparison of welding techniques was performed to determine the most effective method for producing aluminum tailor-welded blanks for high volume automotive applications. Aluminum sheet was joined with an emphasis on post weld formability, surface quality and weld speed. Comparative results from several laser based welding techniques along with friction stir welding are presented. The results of this study demonstrate a quantitative comparison of weld methodologies in preparing tailor-welded aluminum stampings for high volume production in the automotive industry. Evaluation of nearly a dozen welding variations ultimately led to down selecting a single process based on post-weld quality and performance.

  18. Penetration in GTA welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heiple, C.R.; Burgardt, P.

    1990-01-01

    The size and shape of the weld bead produced in GTA welding depends on the magnitude and distribution of the energy incident on the workpiece surfaces as well as the dissipation of that energy in the workpiece. The input energy is largely controllable through the welding parameters selected, however the dissipation of that energy in the workpiece is less subject to control. Changes in energy dissipation can produce large changes in weld shape or penetration. Heat transport away from the weld pool is almost entirely by conduction, but heat transport in the weld pool is more complicated. Heat conduction through the liquid is an important component, but heat transport by convection (mass transport) is often the dominant mechanism. Convective heat transport is directional and changes the weld pool shape from that produced by conduction alone. Surface tension gradients are often the dominant forces driving fluid flow in GTA weld pools. These gradients are sensitive functions of weld pool chemistry and the energy input distribution to the weld. Experimental and theoretical work conducted primarily in the past decade has greatly enhanced our understanding of weld pool fluid flow, the forces which drive it, and its effects on weld pool shape. This work is reviewed here. While less common, changes in energy dissipation through the unmelted portion of the workpiece can also affect fusion zone shape or penetration. These effects are also described. 41 refs., 9 figs.

  19. WeldBraze Program

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    white2 ES&H Manual Welding & Brazing Program Supplement 1.0 Purpose This document has been written for all groups at Jefferson Lab that perform or contract welding and brazing operations in order to develop a single welding and brazing program that meets minimum requirements derived from national consensus standards. The safety of welders and brazers is covered in the body of ES&H Manual Chapter 6122 Hot Work (Welding, Cutting, Brazing, and Grinding) Safety Program whereas each weld

  20. Method for welding beryllium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dixon, Raymond D.; Smith, Frank M.; O'Leary, Richard F.

    1997-01-01

    A method is provided for joining beryllium pieces which comprises: depositing aluminum alloy on at least one beryllium surface; contacting that beryllium surface with at least one other beryllium surface; and welding the aluminum alloy coated beryllium surfaces together. The aluminum alloy may be deposited on the beryllium using gas metal arc welding. The aluminum alloy coated beryllium surfaces may be subjected to elevated temperatures and pressures to reduce porosity before welding the pieces together. The aluminum alloy coated beryllium surfaces may be machined into a desired welding joint configuration before welding. The beryllium may be an alloy of beryllium or a beryllium compound. The aluminum alloy may comprise aluminum and silicon.

  1. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsDerived Quantities and Models

  2. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsSurface/Subsurface Properties

  3. Comparison Between Keyhole Weld Model and Laser Welding Experiments...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the effects that changes in incident power and various welding parameters had on weld geometry were investigated. In this report, the fusion zones of the laser welds are compared...

  4. Dual wire welding torch and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diez, Fernando Martinez; Stump, Kevin S.; Ludewig, Howard W.; Kilty, Alan L.; Robinson, Matthew M.; Egland, Keith M.

    2009-04-28

    A welding torch includes a nozzle with a first welding wire guide configured to orient a first welding wire in a first welding wire orientation, and a second welding wire guide configured to orient a second welding wire in a second welding wire orientation that is non-coplanar and divergent with respect to the first welding wire orientation. A method of welding includes moving a welding torch with respect to a workpiece joint to be welded. During moving the welding torch, a first welding wire is fed through a first welding wire guide defining a first welding wire orientation and a second welding wire is fed through a second welding wire guide defining a second welding wire orientation that is divergent and non-coplanar with respect to the first welding wire orientation.

  5. WELDED JACKETED URANIUM BODY

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gurinsky, D.H.

    1958-08-26

    A fuel element is presented for a neutronic reactor and is comprised of a uranium body, a non-fissionable jacket surrounding sald body, thu jacket including a portion sealed by a weld, and an inclusion in said sealed jacket at said weld of a fiux having a low neutron capture cross-section. The flux is provided by combining chlorine gas and hydrogen in the intense heat of-the arc, in a "Heliarc" welding muthod, to form dry hydrochloric acid gas.

  6. IR Spot Weld Inspect

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2014-01-01

    In automotive industry, destructive inspection of spot welds is still the mandatory quality assurance method due to the lack of efficient non-destructive evaluation (NDE) tools. However, it is costly and time-consuming. Recently at ORNL, a new NDE prototype system for spot weld inspection using infrared (IR) thermography has been developed to address this problem. This software contains all the key functions that ensure the NDE system to work properly: system input/output control, image acquisition, datamore » analysis, weld quality database generation and weld quality prediction, etc.« less

  7. Electric arc welding gun

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luttrell, Edward; Turner, Paul W.

    1978-01-01

    This invention relates to improved apparatus for arc welding an interior joint formed by intersecting tubular members. As an example, the invention is well suited for applications where many similar small-diameter vertical lines are to be welded to a long horizontal header. The improved apparatus includes an arc welding gun having a specially designed welding head which is not only very compact but also produces welds that are essentially free from rolled-over solidified metal. The welding head consists of the upper end of the barrel and a reversely extending electrode holder, or tip, which defines an acute angle with the barrel. As used in the above-mentioned example, the gun is positioned to extend upwardly through the vertical member and the joint to be welded, with its welding head disposed within the horizontal header. Depending on the design of the welding head, the barrel then is either rotated or revolved about the axis of the vertical member to cause the electrode to track the joint.

  8. Property:Building/FloorAreaShops | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Edit with form History Property:BuildingFloorAreaShops Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Floor area for Shops Pages using the property...

  9. The effect of welding parameters on penetration in GTA welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shirali, A.A. ); Mills, K.C. )

    1993-07-01

    The effect of various welding parameters on the penetration of GTA welds has been investigated. Increases in welding speed were found to reduce penetration; however, increases in welding current were observed to increase the penetration in high sulfur (HS) casts and decrease penetration in low sulfur (LS) steels. Plots of penetration as a function of increasing linear energy (the heat supplied per unit length of weld) revealed a similar trend with increased penetration in HS casts, but the penetration in LS casts was unaffected by increases in linear energy. These results support the Burgardt-Heiple proposition that changes in welding parameters on penetration can be explained in terms of their effect, sequentially, on the temperature gradient and the Marangoni forces operating in the weld pool. Increases in arc length were found to decrease weld penetration regardless of the sulfur concentration of the steel, and the effects of electrode geometry and welding position on weld penetration were also investigated.

  10. DC arc weld starter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campiotti, Richard H. (Tracy, CA); Hopwood, James E. (Oakley, CA)

    1990-01-01

    A system for starting an arc for welding uses three DC power supplies, a high voltage supply for initiating the arc, an intermediate voltage supply for sustaining the arc, and a low voltage welding supply directly connected across the gap after the high voltage supply is disconnected.

  11. Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lienert Named American Welding Society Fellow Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow Lienert was inducted into the American Welding Society's 2012 Class of Fellows during...

  12. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid V

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-05-18

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control. (PIC) skid designed as ''V''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  13. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid T

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-06-20

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid designated as ''T''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  14. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid W

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-05-18

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid designed as ''W''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  15. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid R

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-05-11

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid designed as ''R''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  16. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid Q

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-03-27

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid designed as ''Q''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  17. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid T

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-05-18

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing Of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid designed as ''T''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  18. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid P

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-03-01

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid designed as ''P''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  19. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid U

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-12-05

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid designed as ''U''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the fabrication shop.

  20. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping and Instrumentation Control Skid N

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    1999-12-13

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping and Instrumentation Control (PIC) skid designed as ''N''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the shop.

  1. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping and Instrumentation Control Skid L

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    1999-10-11

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) provides for the inspection and testing of the new Pumping and Instrumentation Control (PIC) skid designed as ''L''. The ATP will be performed after the construction of the PIC skid in the shop.

  2. Method for welding beryllium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dixon, R.D.; Smith, F.M.; O`Leary, R.F.

    1997-04-01

    A method is provided for joining beryllium pieces which comprises: depositing aluminum alloy on at least one beryllium surface; contacting that beryllium surface with at least one other beryllium surface; and welding the aluminum alloy coated beryllium surfaces together. The aluminum alloy may be deposited on the beryllium using gas metal arc welding. The aluminum alloy coated beryllium surfaces may be subjected to elevated temperatures and pressures to reduce porosity before welding the pieces together. The aluminum alloy coated beryllium surfaces may be machined into a desired welding joint configuration before welding. The beryllium may be an alloy of beryllium or a beryllium compound. The aluminum alloy may comprise aluminum and silicon. 9 figs.

  3. Weld Wire Investigation Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cunningham, M.A.

    1999-03-22

    After GTA welding reservoir A production/process prove-in assemblies, X-ray examination detected a lack of sidewall fusion. After examining several possible causes, it was determined that the weld wire filler metal was responsible, particularly the wire cleaning process. The final conclusion was that the filler wire must be abrasively cleaned in a particular manner to perform as required. The abrasive process was incorporated into the wire material specification, ensuring consistency for all reservoir GTA welding at AlliedSignal Federal Manufacturing and Technologies (FM and T).

  4. APPARATUS FOR ARC WELDING

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lingafelter, J.W.

    1960-04-01

    An apparatus is described in which a welding arc created between an annular electrode and a workpiece moves under the influence of an electromagnetic field about the electrode in a closed or annular path. This mode of welding is specially suited to the enclosing of nuclear-fuel slugs in a protective casing. For example, a uranium slug is placed in an aluminum can, and an aluminum closure is welded to the open end of the can along a closed or annular path conforming to the periphery of the end closure.

  5. Laser weld jig. [Patent application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Van Blarigan, P.; Haupt, D.L.

    1980-12-05

    A system is provided for welding a workpiece along a predetermined weld line that may be of irregular shape, which includes the step of forming a lip on the workpiece to extend parallel to the weld line, and moving the workpiece by engaging the lip between a pair of rotatable members. Rotation of one of the members at a constant speed, causes the workpiece to move so that all points on the weld line sequentially pass a fixed point in space at a constant speed, so that a laser welding beam can be directed at that fixed point to form a weld along the weld line. The workpiece can include a reusable jig forming the lip, and with the jig constructed to detachably hold parts to be welded at a position wherein the weld line of the parts extends parallel to the lip on the jig.

  6. Friction stir welding tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tolle, Charles R.; Clark, Denis E.; Barnes, Timothy A.

    2008-04-15

    A friction stir welding tool is described and which includes a shank portion; a shoulder portion which is releasably engageable with the shank portion; and a pin which is releasably engageable with the shoulder portion.

  7. Weld failure detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pennell, William E.; Sutton, Jr., Harry G.

    1981-01-01

    Method and apparatus for detecting failure in a welded connection, particrly applicable to not readily accessible welds such as those joining components within the reactor vessel of a nuclear reactor system. A preselected tag gas is sealed within a chamber which extends through selected portions of the base metal and weld deposit. In the event of a failure, such as development of a crack extending from the chamber to an outer surface, the tag gas is released. The environment about the welded area is directed to an analyzer which, in the event of presence of the tag gas, evidences the failure. A trigger gas can be included with the tag gas to actuate the analyzer.

  8. Concurrent ultrasonic weld evaluation system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hood, D.W.; Johnson, J.A.; Smartt, H.B.

    1987-12-15

    A system for concurrent, non-destructive evaluation of partially completed welds for use in conjunction with an automated welder is disclosed. The system utilizes real time, automated ultrasonic inspection of a welding operation as the welds are being made by providing a transducer which follows a short distance behind the welding head. Reflected ultrasonic signals are analyzed utilizing computer based digital pattern recognition techniques to discriminate between good and flawed welds on a pass by pass basis. The system also distinguishes between types of weld flaws. 5 figs.

  9. Welding of ductile intermetallic alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David, S.A.; Zacharia, T.

    1991-01-01

    Ordered intermetallic alloys are a unique class of material that have potential for structural applications at elevated temperatures. This paper describes the welding and weldability of these alloys. Weldability of these alloys has been found to be a strong function of alloy composition, welding process and process parameters. Phase transformations associated with the weld thermal cycle play a critical role in determining their weldability. Defect-free welds have been produced in several of these alloys by careful selection of welding processes and welding parameters. 21 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  10. Concurrent ultrasonic weld evaluation system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hood, D.W.; Johnson, J.A.; Smartt, H.B.

    1985-09-04

    A system for concurrent, non-destructive evaluation of partially completed welds for use in conjunction with an automated welder. The system utilizes real time, automated ultrasonic inspection of a welding operation as the welds are being made by providing a transducer which follows a short distance behind the welding head. Reflected ultrasonic signals are analyzed utilizing computer based digital pattern recognition techniques to discriminate between good and flawed welds on a pass by pass basis. The system also distinguishes between types of weld flaws.

  11. Concurrent ultrasonic weld evaluation system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hood, Donald W.; Johnson, John A.; Smartt, Herschel B.

    1987-01-01

    A system for concurrent, non-destructive evaluation of partially completed welds for use in conjunction with an automated welder. The system utilizes real time, automated ultrasonic inspection of a welding operation as the welds are being made by providing a transducer which follows a short distance behind the welding head. Reflected ultrasonic signals are analyzed utilizing computer based digital pattern recognition techniques to discriminate between good and flawed welds on a pass by pass basis. The system also distinguishes between types of weld flaws.

  12. Weld braze technique

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kanne, Jr., William R.; Kelker, Jr., John W.; Alexander, Robert J.

    1982-01-01

    High-strength metal joints are formed by a combined weld-braze technique. A hollow cylindrical metal member is forced into an undersized counterbore in another metal member with a suitable braze metal disposed along the bottom of the counterbore. Force and current applied to the members in an evacuated chamber results in the concurrent formation of the weld along the sides of the counterbore and a braze along the bottom of the counterbore in one continuous operation.

  13. Passively damped vibration welding system and method (Patent...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Passively damped vibration welding system and method Title: Passively damped vibration welding system and method A vibration welding system includes a controller, welding horn, an ...

  14. Fluid Flow Phenomena during Welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Wei

    2011-01-01

    MOLTEN WELD POOLS are dynamic. Liquid in the weld pool in acted on by several strong forces, which can result in high-velocity fluid motion. Fluid flow velocities exceeding 1 m/s (3.3 ft/s) have been observed in gas tungsten arc (GTA) welds under ordinary welding conditions, and higher velocities have been measured in submerged arc welds. Fluid flow is important because it affects weld shape and is related to the formation of a variety of weld defects. Moving liquid transports heat and often dominates heat transport in the weld pool. Because heat transport by mass flow depends on the direction and speed of fluid motion, weld pool shape can differ dramatically from that predicted by conductive heat flow. Temperature gradients are also altered by fluid flow, which can affect weld microstructure. A number of defects in GTA welds have been attributed to fluid flow or changes in fluid flow, including lack of penetration, top bead roughness, humped beads, finger penetration, and undercutting. Instabilities in the liquid film around the keyhole in electron beam and laser welds are responsible for the uneven penetration (spiking) characteristic of these types of welds.

  15. METHOD OF OBTAINING AN IMPROVED WELD IN INERT ARC WELDING

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Correy, T.B.

    1962-12-11

    A method is reported for inert arc welding. An a-c welding current is applied to the workpiece and welding electrode such that the positive portion of each cycle thereof, with the electrode positive, has only sufficient energy to clean the surface of the workpiece and the negative portion of each cycle thereof, with the electrode negative, contains the energy required to weld. (AEC)

  16. Friction Stir Welding of Lightweight Vehicle Structures: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanella, M L

    2008-08-31

    The purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between UTBattelle, LLC and Ford Motor Company was to establish friction stir welding (FSW) and friction stir processing as viable options for use in construction of lightweight substructures for trucks and cars, including engine cradles, suspension sub frames, instrument panel supports, and intake manifolds.

  17. Weld pool oscillation during GTA welding of mild steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Y.H.; Ouden, G. den . Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

    1993-08-01

    In this paper the results are reported of a study dealing with the oscillation behavior of weld pools in the case of GTA bead-on-plate welding of mild steel, Fe 360. During welding, the weld pool was brought into oscillation by applying short current pulses, and the oscillation frequency and amplitude were measured by monitoring the arc voltage. It was found that the oscillation of the partially penetrated weld pool is dominated by one of two different oscillation modes (Mode 1 and Mode 2) depending on the welding conditions, whereas the oscillation of the fully penetrated weld pool is characterized by a third oscillation mode (Mode 3). It is possible to maintain partially penetrated weld pool oscillation in Mode 1 by choosing appropriate welding conditions. Under these conditions, an abrupt decrease in oscillation frequency occurs when the weld pool transfers from partial penetration to full penetration. Thus, weld penetration can be in-process controlled by monitoring the oscillation frequency during welding.

  18. Certification of a weld produced by friction stir welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Obaditch, Chris; Grant, Glenn J

    2013-10-01

    Methods, devices, and systems for providing certification of friction stir welds are disclosed. A sensor is used to collect information related to a friction stir weld. Data from the sensor is compared to threshold values provided by an extrinsic standard setting organizations using a certification engine. The certification engine subsequently produces a report on the certification status of the weld.

  19. CRAD, Machine Shop Safe Operations Assessment Plan | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Machine Shop Safe Operations Assessment Plan CRAD, Machine Shop Safe Operations Assessment Plan Performance Objective: The purpose of this assessment is to verify that machine shop operators are provided a safe and healthful workplace which will reduce or prevent injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses. Criteria: A worker protection program shall be implemented that provides a place of employment free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.

  20. January 2014 Cybersecurity Awareness Campaign - Secure Online Shopping |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 4 Cybersecurity Awareness Campaign - Secure Online Shopping January 2014 Cybersecurity Awareness Campaign - Secure Online Shopping The January 2014 Cybersecurity Awareness Campaign featured issues surrounding secure online shopping. For more information on privacy issues, contact Jerry Hanley at Jerry.Hanley@hq.doe.gov. For information on Supply Chain Risk Management, contact Sue Farrand at Susan.Farrand@hq.doe.gov. Cybersecurity Front Burner Issue 15 (275.24 KB) 2014

  1. Robotic Welding and Inspection System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H. B. Smartt; D. P. Pace; E. D. Larsen; T. R. McJunkin; C. I. Nichol; D. E. Clark; K. L. Skinner; M. L. Clark; T. G. Kaser; C. R. Tolle

    2008-06-01

    This paper presents a robotic system for GTA welding of lids on cylindrical vessels. The system consists of an articulated robot arm, a rotating positioner, end effectors for welding, grinding, ultrasonic and eddy current inspection. Features include weld viewing cameras, modular software, and text-based procedural files for process and motion trajectories.

  2. ProteinShop: A tool for interactive protein manipulation and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: ProteinShop: A tool for interactive protein manipulation and steering ... DOE Contract Number: AC03-76SF00098 Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation: ...

  3. Friction stir welding tool and process for welding dissimilar materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hovanski, Yuri; Grant, Glenn J; Jana, Saumyadeep; Mattlin, Karl F

    2013-05-07

    A friction stir welding tool and process for lap welding dissimilar materials are detailed. The invention includes a cutter scribe that penetrates and extrudes a first material of a lap weld stack to a preselected depth and further cuts a second material to provide a beneficial geometry defined by a plurality of mechanically interlocking features. The tool backfills the interlocking features generating a lap weld across the length of the interface between the dissimilar materials that enhances the shear strength of the lap weld.

  4. Corrosion Resistant Cladding by YAG Laser Welding in Underwater Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsutomi Kochi; Toshio Kojima; Suemi Hirata; Ichiro Morita; Katsura Ohwaki

    2002-07-01

    It is known that stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) will occur in nickel-base alloys used in Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) and Internals of nuclear power plants. A SCC sensitivity has been evaluated by IHI in each part of RPV and Internals. There are several water level instrumentation nozzles installed in domestic BWR RPV. In water level instrumentation nozzles, 182 type nickel-base alloys were used for the welding joint to RPV. It is estimated the SCC potential is high in this joint because of a higher residual stress than the yield strength (about 400 MPa). This report will describe a preventive maintenance method to these nozzles Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) and welds by a corrosion resistant cladding (CRC) by YAG Laser in underwater environment (without draining a reactor water). There are many kinds of countermeasures for SCC, for example, Induction Heating Stress Improvement (IHSI), Mechanical Stress Improvement Process (MSIP) and so on. A YAG laser CRC is one of them. In this technology a laser beam is used for heat source and irradiated through an optical fiber to a base metal and SCC resistant material is used for welding wires. After cladding the HAZ and welds are coated by the corrosion resistant materials so their surfaces are improved. A CRC by gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) in an air environment had been developed and already applied to a couple of operating plants (16 Nozzles). This method was of course good but it spent much time to perform because of an installation of some water-proof working boxes to make a TIG-weldability environment. CRC by YAG laser welding in underwater environment has superior features comparing to this conventional TIG method as follows. At the viewpoint of underwater environment, (1) an outage term reduction (no drainage water). (2) a radioactive exposure dose reduction for personnel. At that of YAG laser welding, (1) A narrower HAZ. (2) A smaller distortion. (3) A few cladding layers. A YAG laser CRC test in underwater

  5. Open | SpeedShop: An Open Source Infrastructure for Parallel Performance Analysis

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Schulz, Martin; Galarowicz, Jim; Maghrak, Don; Hachfeld, William; Montoya, David; Cranford, Scott

    2008-01-01

    Over the last decades a large number of performance tools has been developed to analyze and optimize high performance applications. Their acceptance by end users, however, has been slow: each tool alone is often limited in scope and comes with widely varying interfaces and workflow constraints, requiring different changes in the often complex build and execution infrastructure of the target application. We started the Open | SpeedShop project about 3 years ago to overcome these limitations and provide efficient, easy to apply, and integrated performance analysis for parallel systems. Open | SpeedShop has two different faces: it provides an interoperable tool set covering themore » most common analysis steps as well as a comprehensive plugin infrastructure for building new tools. In both cases, the tools can be deployed to large scale parallel applications using DPCL/Dyninst for distributed binary instrumentation. Further, all tools developed within or on top of Open | SpeedShop are accessible through multiple fully equivalent interfaces including an easy-to-use GUI as well as an interactive command line interface reducing the usage threshold for those tools.« less

  6. Method and apparatus for assessing weld quality

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smartt, Herschel B.; Kenney, Kevin L.; Johnson, John A.; Carlson, Nancy M.; Clark, Denis E.; Taylor, Paul L.; Reutzel, Edward W.

    2001-01-01

    Apparatus for determining a quality of a weld produced by a welding device according to the present invention includes a sensor operatively associated with the welding device. The sensor is responsive to at least one welding process parameter during a welding process and produces a welding process parameter signal that relates to the at least one welding process parameter. A computer connected to the sensor is responsive to the welding process parameter signal produced by the sensor. A user interface operatively associated with the computer allows a user to select a desired welding process. The computer processes the welding process parameter signal produced by the sensor in accordance with one of a constant voltage algorithm, a short duration weld algorithm or a pulsed current analysis module depending on the desired welding process selected by the user. The computer produces output data indicative of the quality of the weld.

  7. Waste audit study: Automotive paint shops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    This report presents the results of a waste-audit study of automotive paint shops. The study focuses on the types and quantities of wastes generated, treatment and disposal alternatives, and the potential for reducing the amount and/or toxicity of waste generated. The analysis of solvent waste minimization focused primarily on in-plant modifications (e.g., source reduction) to reduce the generation of solvent waste. Strict inventory control is the most-readily implementable approach. While in-house recycling is viable, it is usually only cost-effective for larger firms. Specific recommendations for waste reduction were made.

  8. Method for welding chromium molybdenum steels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sikka, Vinod K.

    1986-01-01

    Chromium-molybdenum steels exhibit a weakening after welding in an area adjacent to the weld. This invention is an improved method for welding to eliminate the weakness by subjecting normalized steel to a partial temper prior to welding and subsequently fully tempering the welded article for optimum strength and ductility.

  9. New Online Tool Creates One-Stop Shop for Federal Program Opportunitie...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Online Tool Creates One-Stop Shop for Federal Program Opportunities That Support Tribal Energy Development New Online Tool Creates One-Stop Shop for Federal Program Opportunities ...

  10. From Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: From Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business...

  11. Argonne/EPA system captures mercury from air in gold shops |...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Typical gold shop hood used to purify gold by superheating the goldmercury amalgam until the mercury vaporizes. The vaporized mercury is directed outside the shop into the open...

  12. Amber Plug-In for Protein Shop

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2004-05-10

    The Amber Plug-in for ProteinShop has two main components: an AmberEngine library to compute the protein energy models, and a module to solve the energy minimization problem using an optimization algorithm in the OPTI-+ library. Together, these components allow the visualization of the protein folding process in ProteinShop. AmberEngine is a object-oriented library to compute molecular energies based on the Amber model. The main class is called ProteinEnergy. Its main interface methods are (1) "init"more » to initialize internal variables needed to compute the energy. (2) "eval" to evaluate the total energy given a vector of coordinates. Additional methods allow the user to evaluate the individual components of the energy model (bond, angle, dihedral, non-bonded-1-4, and non-bonded energies) and to obtain the energy of each individual atom. The Amber Engine library source code includes examples and test routines that illustrate the use of the library in stand alone programs. The energy minimization module uses the AmberEngine library and the nonlinear optimization library OPT++. OPT++ is open source software available under the GNU Lesser General Public License. The minimization module currently makes use of the LBFGS optimization algorithm in OPT++ to perform the energy minimization. Future releases may give the user a choice of other algorithms available in OPT++.« less

  13. Dynamic strain gages analysis of critical welds used in power plant circuit breakers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDougall, E.A. ); Wilhelm, W.G. )

    1990-01-01

    A history of failures in power plant circuit breakers associated with critical welds in the internal pole shafts has been investigated. This paper describes the test, equipment, and instrumentation and summarized the preliminary results of testing performed on these breakers at Brookhaven National Laboratory. It includes the description of the instrumentation including the use of a full bridge strain gage sensor and instrumentation amplifier connected to an oscilloscope. The combination provided a sensitive instrument capable of revealing subtle changes in circuit breaker performance. The strain gages were attached to pole shafts and monitored dynamically. The observed changes in wave signature were recorded as a function of accumulated operating cycles. Complex changes in wave shape recorded on an oscillograph indicate patterns related to impending weld failure. The life expectancy measured in the number of circuit breaker open and closing cycles is compared with the weld and other component failures. 8 refs., 4 figs.

  14. ARM - Instrument -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstruments Documentation : Contacts (PHP) : Index (PHP) : Instrument-fc (PHP) : Instrument (PHP) : Location (PHP) Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Instruments () A relocated wind profiler, a new dual-frequency scanning cloud radar, and an upgraded K-band ARM zenith radar line up at the SGP site A relocated wind profiler, a new dual-frequency scanning cloud radar, and an upgraded K-band ARM zenith radar line up at

  15. Automatic monitoring of vibration welding equipment (Patent)...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A vibration welding system includes vibration welding equipment having a welding horn and anvil, a host device, a check station, and a robot. The robot moves the horn and anvil via ...

  16. INERT GAS SHIELD FOR WELDING

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, S.O.; Daly, F.V.

    1958-10-14

    S>An inert gas shield is presented for arc-welding materials such as zirconium that tend to oxidize rapidly in air. The device comprises a rectangular metal box into which the welding electrode is introduced through a rubber diaphragm to provide flexibility. The front of the box is provided with a wlndow having a small hole through which flller metal is introduced. The box is supplied with an inert gas to exclude the atmosphere, and with cooling water to promote the solidification of the weld while in tbe inert atmosphere. A separate water-cooled copper backing bar is provided underneath the joint to be welded to contain the melt-through at the root of the joint, shielding the root of the joint with its own supply of inert gas and cooling the deposited weld metal. This device facilitates the welding of large workpieces of zirconium frequently encountered in reactor construction.

  17. Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow November 29, 2012 Thomas J. Lienert of the Lab's Metallurgy group was inducted into the American Welding Society's 2012 Class of...

  18. Edison Welding Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Welding Institute Jump to: navigation, search Name: Edison Welding Institute Address: 1250 Arthur E. Adams Drive Place: Columbus, Ohio Zip: 43221-3585 Sector: Efficiency, Services...

  19. ARM - Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Instruments Related Links RHUBC Home NSA Home ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Experiment Planning RHUBC Proposal Abstract Full Proposal (pdf, 420kb) Science Plan (pdf) Operations Plan (pdf, 144kb) Instruments Contacts News ARM Press Release (Feb. 26, 2007) Images flickr_dots Instruments This plot shows the downwelling high-spectral-resolution radiance (top) and transmission (bottom) for three different atmospheres. The U.S. standard atmosphere represents conditions that can be found at many

  20. Laser beam welding of any metal.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leong, K. H.

    1998-10-01

    The effect of a metal's thermophysical properties on its weldability are examined. The thermal conductivity, melting point, absorptivity and thermal diffusivity of the metal and the laser beam focused diameter and welding speed influence the minimum beam irradiance required for melting and welding. Beam diameter, surface tension and viscosity of the molten metal affect weld pool stability and weld quality. Lower surface tension and viscosity increases weld pool instability. With larger beam diameters causing wider welds, dropout also increases. Effects of focused beam diameter and joint fitup on weldability are also examined. Small beam diameters are sensitive to beam coupling problems in relation to fitup precision in addition to beam alignment to the seam. Welding parameters for mitigating weld pool instability and increasing weld quality are derived from the above considerations. Guidelines are presented for the tailoring of welding parameters to achieve good welds. Weldability problems can also be anticipated from the properties of a metal.

  1. Narrow groove welding gas diffuser assembly and welding torch

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rooney, Stephen J.

    2001-01-01

    A diffuser assembly is provided for narrow groove welding using an automatic gas tungsten arc welding torch. The diffuser assembly includes a manifold adapted for adjustable mounting on the welding torch which is received in a central opening in the manifold. Laterally extending manifold sections communicate with a shield gas inlet such that shield gas supplied to the inlet passes to gas passages of the manifold sections. First and second tapered diffusers are respectively connected to the manifold sections in fluid communication with the gas passages thereof. The diffusers extend downwardly along the torch electrode on opposite sides thereof so as to release shield gas along the length of the electrode and at the distal tip of the electrode. The diffusers are of a transverse width which is on the order of the thickness of the electrode so that the diffusers can, in use, be inserted into a narrow welding groove before and after the electrode in the direction of the weld operation.

  2. MHTGR steam generator on-line heat balance, instrumentation and function

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klapka, R.E.; Howard, W.W.; Etzel, K.T. ); Basol, M.; Karim, N.U. )

    1991-09-01

    Instrumentation is used to measure the Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (MHTGR) steam generator dissimilar metal weld temperature during start-up testing. Additional instrumentation is used to determine an on-line heat balance which is maintained during the 40 year module life. In the process of calibrating the on-line heat balance, the helium flow is adjusted to yield the optimum boiling level in the steam generator relative to the dissimilar metal weld. After calibration is complete the weld temperature measurement is non longer required. The reduced boiling level range results in less restrictive steam generator design constraints.

  3. Savannah River Site - Central Shops GW OU | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Savannah River Site - Central Shops GW OU January 1, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis US Department of Energy Groundwater Database Groundwater Master Report InstallationName, State: Savannah ...

  4. ProteinShop: A Tool for Interactive Protein

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Also, it can be used to define the minimum and maximum per-atom energy values that will be mapped to ProteinShop's green-yellow-red color ramp, and to select any combination of ...

  5. ProteinShop: A Tool for Interactive Protein

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... To guide the manipulation with an energy function, ProteinShop can be used with the AMBER ... of amino acids from the input file, and the atom positions from residue template files. ...

  6. Autoclave test of inertia welded slugs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peacock, H.B.

    1986-01-27

    Inertia welding (IW) is being evaluated as an alternative to gas-tungsten-arc (GTA) welding, for welding Mark 31 slugs. To demonstrate IW, 40 production (GTA) slugs rejected for pinholes and poor bonds were used. After welding, the slugs were autoclave tested. No autoclave failures occurred. (DLC)

  7. Displaced electrode process for welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heichel, L.J.

    1975-08-26

    A method is described for the butt-welding of a relatively heavy mass to a relatively small mass such as a thin-wall tube. In butt-welding heat is normally applied at the joint between the two pieces which are butt-welded together. The application of heat at the joint results in overheating the tube which causes thinning of the tube walls and porosity in the tube material. This is eliminated by displacing the welding electrode away from the seam toward the heavier mass so that heat is applied to the heavy mass and not at the butt seam. Examples of the parameters used in welding fuel rods are given. The cladding and end plugs were made of Zircalloy. The electrode used was of 2 percent thoriated tungsten. (auth)

  8. Method for controlling gas metal arc welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smartt, Herschel B.; Einerson, Carolyn J.; Watkins, Arthur D.

    1989-01-01

    The heat input and mass input in a Gas Metal Arc welding process are controlled by a method that comprises calculating appropriate values for weld speed, filler wire feed rate and an expected value for the welding current by algorithmic function means, applying such values for weld speed and filler wire feed rate to the welding process, measuring the welding current, comparing the measured current to the calculated current, using said comparison to calculate corrections for the weld speed and filler wire feed rate, and applying corrections.

  9. Method for controlling gas metal arc welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smartt, H.B.; Einerson, C.J.; Watkins, A.D.

    1987-08-10

    The heat input and mass input in a Gas Metal Arc welding process are controlled by a method that comprises calculating appropriate values for weld speed, filler wire feed rate and an expected value for the welding current by algorithmic function means, applying such values for weld speed and filler wire feed rate to the welding process, measuring the welding current, comparing the measured current to the calculated current, using said comparison to calculate corrections for the weld speed and filler wire feed rate, and applying corrections. 3 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lienert Named American Welding Society Fellow Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow Lienert was inducted into the American Welding Society's 2012 Class of Fellows during the recent FABTECH meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada. November 29, 2012 Thomas J. Lienert Thomas J. Lienert Thomas J. Lienert has served the welding community and industry with great distinction as an individual who contributed significantly to the knowledge, science, and application of welding. Thomas J. Lienert of the Lab's

  11. Control of Gas Tungsten Arc welding pool shape by trace element addition to the weld pool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heiple, C.R.; Burgardt, P.

    1984-03-13

    An improved process for Gas Tungsten Arc welding maximizes the depth/width ratio of the weld pool by adding a sufficient amount of a surface active element to insure inward fluid flow, resulting in deep, narrow welds. The process is especially useful to eliminate variable weld penetration and shape in GTA welding of steels and stainless steels, particularly by using a sulfur-doped weld wire in a cold wire feed technique.

  12. Laser welding of fused quartz

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piltch, Martin S.; Carpenter, Robert W.; Archer, III, McIlwaine

    2003-06-10

    Refractory materials, such as fused quartz plates and rods are welded using a heat source, such as a high power continuous wave carbon dioxide laser. The radiation is optimized through a process of varying the power, the focus, and the feed rates of the laser such that full penetration welds may be accomplished. The process of optimization varies the characteristic wavelengths of the laser until the radiation is almost completely absorbed by the refractory material, thereby leading to a very rapid heating of the material to the melting point. This optimization naturally occurs when a carbon dioxide laser is used to weld quartz. As such this method of quartz welding creates a minimum sized heat-affected zone. Furthermore, the welding apparatus and process requires a ventilation system to carry away the silicon oxides that are produced during the welding process to avoid the deposition of the silicon oxides on the surface of the quartz plates or the contamination of the welds with the silicon oxides.

  13. Laser welding and post weld treatment of modified 9Cr-1MoVNb steel.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Z.

    2012-04-03

    Laser welding and post weld laser treatment of modified 9Cr-1MoVNb steels (Grade P91) were performed in this preliminary study to investigate the feasibility of using laser welding process as a potential alternative to arc welding methods for solving the Type IV cracking problem in P91 steel welds. The mechanical and metallurgical testing of the pulsed Nd:YAG laser-welded samples shows the following conclusions: (1) both bead-on-plate and circumferential butt welds made by a pulsed Nd:YAG laser show good welds that are free of microcracks and porosity. The narrow heat affected zone has a homogeneous grain structure without conventional soft hardness zone where the Type IV cracking occurs in conventional arc welds. (2) The laser weld tests also show that the same laser welder has the potential to be used as a multi-function tool for weld surface remelting, glazing or post weld tempering to reduce the weld surface defects and to increase the cracking resistance and toughness of the welds. (3) The Vicker hardness of laser welds in the weld and heat affected zone was 420-500 HV with peak hardness in the HAZ compared to 240 HV of base metal. Post weld laser treatment was able to slightly reduce the peak hardness and smooth the hardness profile, but failed to bring the hardness down to below 300 HV due to insufficient time at temperature and too fast cooling rate after the time. Though optimal hardness of weld made by laser is to be determined for best weld strength, methods to achieve the post weld laser treatment temperature, time at the temperature and slow cooling rate need to be developed. (4) Mechanical testing of the laser weld and post weld laser treated samples need to be performed to evaluate the effects of laser post treatments such as surface remelting, glazing, re-hardening, or tempering on the strength of the welds.

  14. Method for enhanced control of welding processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheaffer, Donald A.; Renzi, Ronald F.; Tung, David M.; Schroder, Kevin

    2000-01-01

    Method and system for producing high quality welds in welding processes, in general, and gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding, in particular by controlling weld penetration. Light emitted from a weld pool is collected from the backside of a workpiece by optical means during welding and transmitted to a digital video camera for further processing, after the emitted light is first passed through a short wavelength pass filter to remove infrared radiation. By filtering out the infrared component of the light emitted from the backside weld pool image, the present invention provides for the accurate determination of the weld pool boundary. Data from the digital camera is fed to an imaging board which focuses on a 100.times.100 pixel portion of the image. The board performs a thresholding operation and provides this information to a digital signal processor to compute the backside weld pool dimensions and area. This information is used by a control system, in a dynamic feedback mode, to automatically adjust appropriate parameters of a welding system, such as the welding current, to control weld penetration and thus, create a uniform weld bead and high quality weld.

  15. Method for enhanced control of welding processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheaffer, D.A.; Renzi, R.F.; Tung, D.M.; Schroder, K.

    2000-07-04

    Method and system for producing high quality welds in welding processes, in general, and gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding, in particular by controlling weld penetration are disclosed. Light emitted from a weld pool is collected from the backside of a workpiece by optical means during welding and transmitted to a digital video camera for further processing, after the emitted light is first passed through a short wavelength pass filter to remove infrared radiation. By filtering out the infrared component of the light emitted from the backside weld pool image, the present invention provides for the accurate determination of the weld pool boundary. Data from the digital camera is fed to an imaging board which focuses on a 100 x 100 pixel portion of the image. The board performs a thresholding operation and provides this information to a digital signal processor to compute the backside weld pool dimensions and area. This information is used by a control system, in a dynamic feedback mode, to automatically adjust appropriate parameters of a welding system, such as the welding current, to control weld penetration and thus, create a uniform weld bead and high quality weld.

  16. ARM - Instrument - flask

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    elastomer-free air sample path Stainless steel welded manifolds Automated, motorized valve system Micro-processor controlled customizable program Sturdy travelshipping case ...

  17. Welding arc gap ionization device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schweikhardt, George M.

    1976-01-01

    An alpha emitting isotope is positioned near the tip of a TIG welding electrode so that the alpha radiation can provide an ionized path between the electrode and the workpiece.

  18. Suspended Solids Profiler Shop Test Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STAEHR, T.W.

    2000-01-19

    The Suspended Solids Profiler (SSP) Instrument is planned to be installed in the AZ-101 tank to measure suspended solids concentrations during mixer pump testing. The SSP sensor uses a reflectance measurement principle to determine the suspended solids concentrations. The purpose of this test is to provide a documented means of verifying that the functional components of the SSP operate properly.

  19. Pyrothermal treatment of welded joints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serikov, S.V.; Idiyatullin, R.S.; Myakushkin, S.N.; Yaufman, V.V.

    1992-03-01

    The results of investigation of the structure and distribution of residual stresses in welded joints in pipes after heat treatment, which includes heating of the surface being treated due to combustion of plates formed from a thermite-type material of pyrotechnic composition, placed around the perimeter of the welded joint, and also an assessment of the level of residual stresses prior to and after pyrotechnic treatment demonstrated the promising nature of the proposed method. 5 refs., 5 figs.

  20. Pipe weld crown removal device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sword, Charles K.; Sette, Primo J.

    1992-01-01

    A device is provided for grinding down the crown of a pipe weld joining aligned pipe sections so that the weld is substantially flush with the pipe sections joined by the weld. The device includes a cage assembly comprising a pair of spaced cage rings adapted to be mounted for rotation on the respective pipe sections on opposite sides of the weld, a plurality of grinding wheels, supported by the cage assembly for grinding down the crown of the weld, and a plurality of support shafts, each extending longitudinally along the joined pipe sections, parallel thereto, for individually mounting respective grinding wheels. Each end of the support shafts is mounted for rotation in a bearing assembly housed within a radially directed opening in a corresponding one of the cage rings so as to provide radial movement of the associated shaft, and thus of the associated grinding wheel, towards and away from the weld. A first drive sprocket provides rotation of the cage assembly around the pipe sections while a second drive unit, driven by a common motor, provides rotation of the grinding wheels.

  1. New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping...

    Energy Savers

    New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light Bulbs New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light Bulbs January 25, 2012 - ...

  2. Energy Savers: A one-stop energy efficiency shop for multifamily...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A one-stop energy efficiency shop for multifamily building owners Energy Savers: A one-stop energy efficiency shop for multifamily building owners This is a document from Energy ...

  3. VEE-0084- In the Matter of Gas’n Shop, Inc.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On March 26, 2002, Gas’n Shop, Inc. (Gas’n Shop) of Lincoln, Nebraska filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its...

  4. Upgraded HFIR Fuel Element Welding System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sease, John D

    2010-02-01

    The welding of aluminum-clad fuel plates into aluminum alloy 6061 side plate tubing is a unique design feature of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) fuel assemblies as 101 full-penetration circumferential gas metal arc welds (GMAW) are required in the fabrication of each assembly. In a HFIR fuel assembly, 540 aluminum-clad fuel plates are assembled into two nested annular fuel elements 610 mm (24-inches) long. The welding process for the HFIR fuel elements was developed in the early 1960 s and about 450 HFIR fuel assemblies have been successfully welded using the GMAW process qualified in the 1960 s. In recent years because of the degradation of the electronic and mechanical components in the old HFIR welding system, reportable defects in plate attachment or adapter welds have been present in almost all completed fuel assemblies. In October 2008, a contract was awarded to AMET, Inc., of Rexburg, Idaho, to replace the old welding equipment with standard commercially available welding components to the maximum extent possible while maintaining the qualified HFIR welding process. The upgraded HFIR welding system represents a major improvement in the welding system used in welding HFIR fuel elements for the previous 40 years. In this upgrade, the new inner GMAW torch is a significant advancement over the original inner GMAW torch previously used. The innovative breakthrough in the new inner welding torch design is the way the direction of the cast in the 0.762 mm (0.030-inch) diameter aluminum weld wire is changed so that the weld wire emerging from the contact tip is straight in the plane perpendicular to the welding direction without creating any significant drag resistance in the feeding of the weld wire.

  5. ProteinShop: A tool for interactive protein manipulation and steering

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect ProteinShop: A tool for interactive protein manipulation and steering Citation Details In-Document Search Title: ProteinShop: A tool for interactive protein manipulation and steering We describe ProteinShop, a new visualization tool that streamlines and simplifies the process of determining optimal protein folds. ProteinShop may be used at different stages of a protein structure prediction process. First, it can create protein configurations containing

  6. Repair welding of fusion reactor components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chin, B.A.

    1993-05-15

    Experiments have shown that irradiated Type 316 stainless steel is susceptible to heat-affected-zone (HAZ) cracking upon cooling when welded using the gas tungsten arc (GTA) process under lateral constraint. The cracking has been hypothesized to be caused by stress-assisted helium bubble growth and rupture at grain boundaries. This study utilized an experimental welding setup which enabled different compressive stresses to be applied to the plates during welding. Autogenous GTA welds were produced in Type 316 stainless steel doped with 256 appm helium. The application of a compressive stress, 55 MPa, during welding suppressed the previously observed catastrophic cracking. Detailed examinations conducted after welding showed a dramatic change in helium bubble morphology. Grain boundary bubble growth along directions parallel to the weld was suppressed. Results suggest that stress-modified welding techniques may be used to suppress or eliminate helium-induced cracking during joining of irradiated materials.

  7. Automatic monitoring of vibration welding equipment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spicer, John Patrick; Chakraborty, Debejyo; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Abell, Jeffrey A; Bracey, Jennifer; Cai, Wayne W

    2014-10-14

    A vibration welding system includes vibration welding equipment having a welding horn and anvil, a host device, a check station, and a robot. The robot moves the horn and anvil via an arm to the check station. Sensors, e.g., temperature sensors, are positioned with respect to the welding equipment. Additional sensors are positioned with respect to the check station, including a pressure-sensitive array. The host device, which monitors a condition of the welding equipment, measures signals via the sensors positioned with respect to the welding equipment when the horn is actively forming a weld. The robot moves the horn and anvil to the check station, activates the check station sensors at the check station, and determines a condition of the welding equipment by processing the received signals. Acoustic, force, temperature, displacement, amplitude, and/or attitude/gyroscopic sensors may be used.

  8. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping Instrumentation and Control Skid V

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    2000-07-25

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) verifies proper construction per the design drawings and tests for proper functioning of the Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skid ''V''. The scope section lists the systems and functions to be checked. This ATP will be performed at the Site Fabrication Services (SFS) shop upon completion of the construction of the PIC skid.

  9. Acceptance Test Procedure for New Pumping and Instrumentation Control Skid M

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    1999-11-09

    This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) verifies proper construction per the design drawings and tests for proper functioning of the Pumping and Instrumentation Control (PIC) skid ''M''. The Scope section lists the systems and functions to be checked. This ATP will be performed at the Site Fabrication Service's (SFS) shop upon completion of construction of the PIC skid.

  10. Pre-resistance-welding resistance check

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Destefan, Dennis E.; Stompro, David A.

    1991-01-01

    A preweld resistance check for resistance welding machines uses an open circuited measurement to determine the welding machine resistance, a closed circuit measurement to determine the parallel resistance of a workpiece set and the machine, and a calculation to determine the resistance of the workpiece set. Any variation in workpiece set or machine resistance is an indication that the weld may be different from a control weld.

  11. Use Computational Model to Design and Optimize Welding Conditions to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Suppress Helium Cracking during Welding | Department of Energy Use Computational Model to Design and Optimize Welding Conditions to Suppress Helium Cracking during Welding Use Computational Model to Design and Optimize Welding Conditions to Suppress Helium Cracking during Welding Today, welding is widely used for repair, maintenance and upgrade of nuclear reactor components. As a critical technology to extend the service life of nuclear power plants beyond 60 years, weld technology must be

  12. Study of Mechanical Properties and Characterization of Pipe Steel welded by Hybrid (Friction Stir Weld + Root Arc Weld) Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, Yong Chae; Sanderson, Samuel; Mahoney, Murray; Wasson, Andrew J; Fairchild, Doug P; Wang, Yanli; Feng, Zhili

    2015-01-01

    Friction stir welding (FSW) has recently attracted attention as an alternative construction process for gas/oil transportation applications due to advantages compared to fusion welding techniques. A significant advantage is the ability of FSW to weld the entire or nearly the entire wall thickness in a single pass, while fusion welding requires multiple passes. However, when FSW is applied to a pipe or tube geometry, an internal back support anvil is required to resist the plunging forces exerted during FSW. Unfortunately, it may not be convenient or economical to use internal backing support due to limited access for some applications. To overcome this issue, ExxonMobil recently developed a new concept, combining root arc welding and FSW. That is, a root arc weld is made prior to FSW that supports the normal loads associated with FSW. In the present work, mechanical properties of a FSW + root arc welded pipe steel are reported including microstructure and microhardness.

  13. Percussive arc welding apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hollar, Jr., Donald L.

    2002-01-01

    A percussive arc welding apparatus includes a generally cylindrical actuator body having front and rear end portions and defining an internal recess. The front end of the body includes an opening. A solenoid assembly is provided in the rear end portion in the internal recess of the body, and an actuator shaft assembly is provided in the front end portion in the internal recess of the actuator body. The actuator shaft assembly includes a generally cylindrical actuator block having first and second end portions, and an actuator shaft having a front end extending through the opening in the actuator body, and the rear end connected to the first end portion of the actuator block. The second end portion of the actuator block is in operational engagement with the solenoid shaft by a non-rigid connection to reduce the adverse rebound effects of the actuator shaft. A generally transversely extending pin is rigidly secured to the rear end of the shaft. One end of the pin is received in a slot in the nose housing sleeve to prevent rotation of the actuator shaft during operation of the apparatus.

  14. Intraluminal tissue welding for anastomosis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glinsky, M.; London, R.; Zimmerman, G.; Jacques, S.

    1998-10-27

    A method and device are provided for performing intraluminal tissue welding for anastomosis of a hollow organ. A retractable catheter assembly is delivered through the hollow organ and consists of a catheter connected to an optical fiber, an inflatable balloon, and a biocompatible patch mounted on the balloon. The disconnected ends of the hollow organ are brought together on the catheter assembly, and upon inflation of the balloon, the free ends are held together on the balloon to form a continuous channel while the patch is deployed against the inner wall of the hollow organ. The ends are joined or ``welded`` using laser radiation transmitted through the optical fiber to the patch. A thin layer of a light-absorbing dye on the patch can provide a target for welding. The patch may also contain a bonding agent to strengthen the bond. The laser radiation delivered has a pulse profile to minimize tissue damage. 8 figs.

  15. Intraluminal tissue welding for anastomosis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glinsky, Michael; London, Richard; Zimmerman, George; Jacques, Steven

    1998-10-27

    A method and device are provided for performing intraluminal tissue welding for anastomosis of a hollow organ. A retractable catheter assembly is delivered through the hollow organ and consists of a catheter connected to an optical fiber, an inflatable balloon, and a biocompatible patch mounted on the balloon. The disconnected ends of the hollow organ are brought together on the catheter assembly, and upon inflation of the balloon, the free ends are held together on the balloon to form a continuous channel while the patch is deployed against the inner wall of the hollow organ. The ends are joined or "welded" using laser radiation transmitted through the optical fiber to the patch. A thin layer of a light-absorbing dye on the patch can provide a target for welding. The patch may also contain a bonding agent to strengthen the bond. The laser radiation delivered has a pulse profile to minimize tissue damage.

  16. Optical penetration sensor for pulsed laser welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Essien, Marcelino; Keicher, David M.; Schlienger, M. Eric; Jellison, James L.

    2000-01-01

    An apparatus and method for determining the penetration of the weld pool created from pulsed laser welding and more particularly to an apparatus and method of utilizing an optical technique to monitor the weld vaporization plume velocity to determine the depth of penetration. A light source directs a beam through a vaporization plume above a weld pool, wherein the plume changes the intensity of the beam, allowing determination of the velocity of the plume. From the velocity of the plume, the depth of the weld is determined.

  17. Analysis of weld metal solidification and microstructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David, S.A.; Vitek, J.M.

    1991-01-01

    Solidification is a critical phase change occurring during welding that controls weld metal microstructure, properties, and ultimately weldability of alloys. In recent years, significant advances have been made in the solidification theories that relate to castings and rapidly solidified materials. A critical need exists to understand weld pool solidification in the light of these new theories. This paper will describe the solidification behavior of weld pools, incorporating some recent advances in solidification theories. Basic principles from ingot, single crystal, and rapid solidification processes will be used to understand and explain observed weld-metal microstructures. 62 refs., 12 figs.

  18. Inspection of Nickel Alloy Welds: Results from Five Year International Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prokofiev, Iouri; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Doctor, Steven R.

    2011-06-23

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission established and coordinated the international Program for the Inspection of Nickel alloy Components (PINC). The goal of PINC was to evaluate the capabilities of various nondestructive examination (NDE) techniques to detect and characterize primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in dissimilar metal welds. Round-robin results showed that a combination of conventional and phased-array ultrasound provide the highest performance for flaw detection and depth sizing in dissimilar metal piping welds. The effective detection of flaws in bottom-mounted instrumentation penetrations by eddy current and ultrasound shows that it may be possible to reliably inspect these components in the field.

  19. Shimmed electron beam welding process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Feng, Ganjiang; Nowak, Daniel Anthony; Murphy, John Thomas

    2002-01-01

    A modified electron beam welding process effects welding of joints between superalloy materials by inserting a weldable shim in the joint and heating the superalloy materials with an electron beam. The process insures a full penetration of joints with a consistent percentage of filler material and thereby improves fatigue life of the joint by three to four times as compared with the prior art. The process also allows variable shim thickness and joint fit-up gaps to provide increased flexibility for manufacturing when joining complex airfoil structures and the like.

  20. Nondestructive inspection of General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) fueled clad girth welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reimus, M. A. H.; George, T. G.; Lynch, C.; Padilla, M.; Moniz, P.; Guerrero, A.; Moyer, M. W.; Placr, A.

    1998-01-15

    The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of {sup 238}Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. The GPHS is fabricated using an iridium-alloy to contain the {sup 238}PuO{sub 2} fuel pellet. GPHS capsules will be utilized in the upcoming Cassini mission to explore Saturn and its moons. The physical integrity of the girth weld is important to mission safety and performance. Because past experience had revealed a potential for initiation of small cracks in the girth weld overlap zone, a nondestructive inspection of each capsule weld is required. An ultrasonic method was used to inspect the welds of capsules fabricated for the Galileo mission. The instrument, transducer, and method used were state of the art at the time (early 1980s). The ultrasonic instrumentation and methods used to inspect the Cassini GPHSs was significantly upgraded from those used for the Galileo mission. GPHSs that had ultrasonic reflectors in excess of the reject specification level were subsequently inspected with radiography to provide additional engineering data used to accept/reject the heat source. This paper describes the Galileo-era ultrasonic instrumentation and methods and the subsequent upgrades made to support testing of Cassini GPHSs. Also discussed is the data obtained from radiographic examination and correlation to ultrasonic examination results.

  1. Nondestructive inspection of General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) fueled clad girth welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reimus, M.A.; George, T.G.; Lynch, C.; Padilla, M.; Moniz, P.; Guerrero, A.; Moyer, M.W.; Placr, A.

    1998-01-01

    The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of {sup 238}Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. The GPHS is fabricated using an iridium-alloy to contain the {sup 238}PuO{sub 2} fuel pellet. GPHS capsules will be utilized in the upcoming Cassini mission to explore Saturn and its moons. The physical integrity of the girth weld is important to mission safety and performance. Because past experience had revealed a potential for initiation of small cracks in the girth weld overlap zone, a nondestructive inspection of each capsule weld is required. An ultrasonic method was used to inspect the welds of capsules fabricated for the Galileo mission. The instrument, transducer, and method used were state of the art at the time (early 1980s). The ultrasonic instrumentation and methods used to inspect the Cassini GPHSs was significantly upgraded from those used for the Galileo mission. GPHSs that had ultrasonic reflectors in excess of the reject specification level were subsequently inspected with radiography to provide additional engineering data used to accept/reject the heat source. This paper describes the Galileo-era ultrasonic instrumentation and methods and the subsequent upgrades made to support testing of Cassini GPHSs. Also discussed is the data obtained from radiographic examination and correlation to ultrasonic examination results. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ARC WELDING

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Noland, R.A.; Stone, C.C.

    1960-05-10

    An apparatus and method are given for forming a welding arc which is rotated by a magnetic field very rapidly about an annular electrode so that a weld is produced simultaneously over all points of an annular or closed path. This invention inhibits outgassing from the jacket of a fuel slug which is being welded by adjusting the pressure throughout the welding cycle to establish a balance between the gas pressure within the jacket and that of the atmosphere surrounding the jacket. Furthermore, an improved control of the magnetic field producing rotation of the welding arc is disclosed whereby this rotation is prevented from splashing about the metal being welded as the welding arc makes it molten.

  3. ARM - Instrument - prp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Instrument Categories Radiometric The Portable Radiation Package (PRP) is an instrument suite to collect atmospheric radiation measurements on a moving platform. The instrument ...

  4. Stress corrosion cracking of welded Alloy 600 penetration mockups

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarver, J.M.; Pathania, R.S.; Stuckey, K.; Fyfitch, S.; Gelpi, A.; Foucault, M.; Hunt, E.S.

    1995-12-31

    The primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) of Alloy 600 in components other than steam generators is a problem of increasing concern for nuclear power plants. Of greatest concern at the present time is the PWSCC of Alloy 600 vessel head penetrations. The common elements of these components are threefold: (1) the Alloy 600 material has a susceptible microstructure, (2) the Alloy 600 material is either a thick-walled tube or a bar which has been machined into a thick-walled tube, and (3) the Alloy 600 material has been welded into a structure such that high residual welding stresses exist in the postwelded Alloy 600 material. The objectives of the present program were to evaluate the PWSCC behavior of various configurations of welded Alloy 600 penetrations, and possible remedial measures which would prevent or retard PWSCC in these components. Mockups were instrumented to permit instantaneous remote sensing of through-wall cracking and were autoclave tested along with control C-rings in a doped steam environment. Following the test exposures, the mockups were split and examined to characterize the cracking morphology and the material microstructure. A Weibull distribution was used to analyze the time-to-failure results, and the observed cracking locations were compared to residual stress levels predicted by an elastic-plastic finite element analysis of the mockups.

  5. ARM - Campaign Instrument - ecmwfdiag

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Send Campaign Instrument : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses (ECMWFDIAG) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models Campaigns...

  6. Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Fusion Welding (Book) ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Book: Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Fusion Welding Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Fusion Welding In fusion welding, parts...

  7. ES&H Manual Welding and Brazing Supplement ISSUING AUTHORITY...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Code-Aluminum AWS D1.6, Structural Welding Code-Stainless Steel AWS B2.1-X-XXX, Standard Welding Procedure Specifications AWS D1.3, Structural Welding Code-Sheet ...

  8. Action Memorandum for Decommissioning of TAN-607 Hot Shop Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. A. Pinzel

    2007-05-01

    The Department of Energy is documenting the selection of an alternative for the TAN-607 Hot Shop Area using a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act non-time-critical removal action (NTCRA). The scope of the removal action is limited to TAN-607 Hot Shop Area. An engineering evaluation/cost analysis (EE/CA) has assisted the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office in identifuomg the most effective method for performing the decommissioning of this structure whose mission has ended. TAN-607 Hot Shop Area is located at Test Area North Technical Support Facility within the Idaho National Laboratory Site. The selected alternative consists of demolishing the TAN-607 aboveground structures and components, removing belowground noninert components (e.g. wood products), and removing the radiologically contaminated debris that does not meet remedial action objectives (RAOs), as defined in the Record of Decision Amendment for the V-Tanks and Explanation of Significant Differences for the PM-2A Tanks at Test Area North, Operable Unit 1-10.

  9. Method and device for frictional welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peacock, H.B.

    1991-01-01

    A method for friction welding that produces a seal having essentially no gas porosity, comprises two rotationally symmetric, generally cylindrical members, spaced apart and coaxially aligned, that are rotated with respect to each other and brought together under high pressure. One member is preferably a generally cylindrical cannister that stores uranium within its hollow walls. The other member is preferably a generally cylindrical, hollow weld ring. An annular channel formed in the weld ring functions as an internal flash trap and is uniquely designed so that substantially all of the welding flash generated from the friction welding is directed into the channel`s recessed bottom. Also, the channel design limits distortion of the two members during the friction welding, process, further contributing to the complete seal that is obtained.

  10. Automated Fuel Element Closure Welding System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wahlquist, D.R.

    1993-03-01

    The Automated Fuel Element Closure Welding System is a robotic device that will load and weld top end plugs onto nuclear fuel elements in a highly radioactive and inert gas environment. The system was developed at Argonne National Laboratory-West as part of the Fuel Cycle Demonstration. The welding system performs four main functions, it (1) injects a small amount of a xenon/krypton gas mixture into specific fuel elements, and (2) loads tiny end plugs into the tops of fuel element jackets, and (3) welds the end plugs to the element jackets, and (4) performs a dimensional inspection of the pre- and post-welded fuel elements. The system components are modular to facilitate remote replacement of failed parts. The entire system can be operated remotely in manual, semi-automatic, or fully automatic modes using a computer control system. The welding system is currently undergoing software testing and functional checkout.

  11. Automated Fuel Element Closure Welding System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wahlquist, D.R.

    1993-01-01

    The Automated Fuel Element Closure Welding System is a robotic device that will load and weld top end plugs onto nuclear fuel elements in a highly radioactive and inert gas environment. The system was developed at Argonne National Laboratory-West as part of the Fuel Cycle Demonstration. The welding system performs four main functions, it (1) injects a small amount of a xenon/krypton gas mixture into specific fuel elements, and (2) loads tiny end plugs into the tops of fuel element jackets, and (3) welds the end plugs to the element jackets, and (4) performs a dimensional inspection of the pre- and post-welded fuel elements. The system components are modular to facilitate remote replacement of failed parts. The entire system can be operated remotely in manual, semi-automatic, or fully automatic modes using a computer control system. The welding system is currently undergoing software testing and functional checkout.

  12. Passively damped vibration welding system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tan, Chin-An; Kang, Bongsu; Cai, Wayne W.; Wu, Tao

    2013-04-02

    A vibration welding system includes a controller, welding horn, an anvil, and a passive damping mechanism (PDM). The controller generates an input signal having a calibrated frequency. The horn vibrates in a desirable first direction at the calibrated frequency in response to the input signal to form a weld in a work piece. The PDM is positioned with respect to the system, and substantially damps or attenuates vibration in an undesirable second direction. A method includes connecting the PDM having calibrated properties and a natural frequency to an anvil of an ultrasonic welding system. Then, an input signal is generated using a weld controller. The method includes vibrating a welding horn in a desirable direction in response to the input signal, and passively damping vibration in an undesirable direction using the PDM.

  13. Method and device for frictional welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peacock, H.B.

    1992-10-13

    A method is described for friction welding that produces a seal having essentially no gas porosity, comprises two rotationally symmetric, generally cylindrical members, spaced apart and coaxially aligned, that are rotated with respect to each other and brought together under high pressure. One member is preferably a generally cylindrical canister that stores uranium within its hollow walls. The other member is preferably a generally cylindrical, hollow weld ring. An annular channel formed in the weld ring functions as an internal flash trap and is uniquely designed so that substantially all of the welding flash generated from the friction welding is directed into the channel's recessed bottom. Also, the channel design limits distortion of the two members during the friction welding process, further contributing to the complete seal that is obtained. 5 figs.

  14. Method and device for frictional welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peacock, Harold B.

    1992-01-01

    A method for friction welding that produces a seal having essentially no gas porosity, comprises two rotationally symmetric, generally cylindrical members, spaced apart and coaxially aligned, that are rotated with respect to each other and brought together under high pressure. One member is preferably a generally cylindrical cannister that stores uranium within its hollow walls. The other member is preferably a generally cylindrical, hollow weld ring. An annular channel formed in the weld ring functions as an internal flash trap and is uniquely designed so that substantially all of the welding flash generated from the friction welding is directed into the channel's recessed bottom. Also, the channel design limits distortion of the two members during the friction welding process, further contributing to the complete seal that is obtained.

  15. Role of welding parameters in determining the geometrical appearance of weld pool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kovacevic, R.; Cao, Z.N.; Zhang, Y.M.

    1996-10-01

    A three-dimensional numerical model is developed to describe the fluid flow and heat transfer in weld pools. Both full penetration and free deformation of the top and bottom weld pool surfaces are considered. Temperature distribution and fluid flow field are obtained. In order to analyze the influence of welding parameters on the geometrical appearance of weld pools, a normalized model is developed to characterize the geometrical appearance of weld pools. It is found that welding current can significantly affect the geometrical shape. When welding current increases, the curvature of the pool boundary at the trailing end increases. The effect of the welding speed on the geometrical appearance is slight, although its influence on the pool size is great. In the interest range of arc length (from 1 mm to 4 mm), the arc length can affect both the size and the shape of the weld pool. However, compared with the welding current and speed, its influences are much weaker, GTA welding experiments are performed to verify the validity of the numerical models. The appearance of weld pools was obtained by using machine vision and a high-shutter speed camera. It is found that the calculated results have a good agreement with the experimental ones.

  16. Method and device for frictional welding (Patent) | DOEPatents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    an internal flash trap and is uniquely designed so that substantially all of the welding flash generated from the friction welding is directed into the channels recessed bottom. ...

  17. Friction Stir Welding Aluminum for Lightweight Vehicles | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Friction Stir Welding Aluminum for Lightweight Vehicles Friction Stir Welding Aluminum for Lightweight Vehicles Addthis Description In this video, a researcher from Pacific ...

  18. Multi-component Cu-Strengthened Steel Welding Simulations: Atom...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Steel Welding Simulations: Atom Probe Tomography and Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction Analyses Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Multi-component Cu-Strengthened Steel Welding ...

  19. Welding apparatus and methods for using ultrasonic sensing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McJunkin, Timothy R.; Johnson, John A.; Larsen, Eric D.; Smartt, Herschel B.

    2006-08-22

    A welding apparatus using ultrasonic sensing is described and which includes a movable welder having a selectively adjustable welding head for forming a partially completed weld in a weld seam defined between adjoining metal substrates; an ultrasonic assembly borne by the moveable welder and which is operable to generate an ultrasonic signal which is directed toward the partially completed weld, and is further reflected from same; and a controller electrically coupled with the ultrasonic assembly and controllably coupled with the welding head, and wherein the controller receives information regarding the ultrasonic signal and in response to the information optimally positions the welding head relative to the weld seam.

  20. Assessing Steel Pipeline and Weld Susceptibility to Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Assessing Steel Pipeline and Weld Susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement U.S. Department ... Office eere.energy.gov Assessing Steel Pipeline and Weld Susceptibility to Hydrogen ...

  1. Assessing Steel Pipeline and Weld Susceptibility to Hydrogen...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Office webinar "Assessing Steel Pipeline and Weld Susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement" held on January 12, 2016. Assessing Steel Pipeline and Weld Susceptibility to ...

  2. Characterization of welding residual stresses with neutron diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, X.L.; Spooner, S.; Hubbard, C.R.; Taljat, B.; Feng, Z.

    1998-03-01

    Welding residual stresses are a key concern in the fabrication and use of structural components containing welds. Residual stresses in welds are caused by non-uniform expansion and shrinkage of differently heated zones during the thermal transient of a weld pass. In some alloys, solid state phase transformations occurring during the welding transient contribute additional residual stresses. Manufacturing problems arising from welding residual stresses include cracking and dimensional distortion. During use, tensile stresses in the welded zone limit the fatigue resistance of the component under cyclic loading. In an aggressive environment, tensile welding residual stresses also create a necessary condition for stress-corrosion cracking to take place.

  3. High Speed Joining of Dissimilar Alloy Aluminum Tailor Welded...

    Energy Savers

    High Speed Joining of Dissimilar Alloy Aluminum Tailor Welded Blanks High Speed Joining of Dissimilar Alloy Aluminum Tailor Welded Blanks 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program ...

  4. Welding the AT-400A Containment Vessel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandon, E.

    1998-11-01

    Early in 1994, the Department of Energy assigned Sandia National Laboratories the responsibility for designing and providing the welding system for the girth weld for the AT-400A containment vessel. (The AT-400A container is employed for the shipment and long-term storage of the nuclear weapon pits being returned from the nation's nuclear arsenal.) Mason Hanger Corporation's Pantex Plant was chosen to be the production facility. The project was successfully completed by providing and implementing a turnkey welding system and qualified welding procedure at the Pantex Plant. The welding system was transferred to Pantex and a pilot lot of 20 AT-400A containers with W48 pits was welded in August 1997. This document is intended to bring together the AT-400A welding system and product (girth weld) requirements and the activities conducted to meet those requirements. This document alone is not a complete compilation of the welding development activities but is meant to be a summary to be used with the applicable references.

  5. Improving Fatigue Performance of AHSS Welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, Zhili; Yu, Xinghua; Erdman, III, Donald L.; Wang, Yanli; Kelly, Steve; Hou, Wenkao; Yan, Benda; Wang, Zhifeng; Yu, Zhenzhen; Liu, Stephen

    2015-03-01

    Reported herein is technical progress on a U.S. Department of Energy CRADA project with industry cost-share aimed at developing the technical basis and demonstrate the viability of innovative in-situ weld residual stresses mitigation technology that can substantially improve the weld fatigue performance and durability of auto-body structures. The developed technology would be costeffective and practical in high-volume vehicle production environment. Enhancing weld fatigue performance would address a critical technology gap that impedes the widespread use of advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) and other lightweight materials for auto body structure light-weighting. This means that the automotive industry can take full advantage of the AHSS in strength, durability and crashworthiness without the concern of the relatively weak weld fatigue performance. The project comprises both technological innovations in weld residual stress mitigation and due-diligence residual stress measurement and fatigue performance evaluation. Two approaches were investigated. The first one was the use of low temperature phase transformation (LTPT) weld filler wire, and the second focused on novel thermo-mechanical stress management technique. Both technical approaches have resulted in considerable improvement in fatigue lives of welded joints made of high-strength steels. Synchrotron diffraction measurement confirmed the reduction of high tensile weld residual stresses by the two weld residual stress mitigation techniques.

  6. Welding shield for coupling heaters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Menotti, James Louis

    2010-03-09

    Systems for coupling end portions of two elongated heater portions and methods of using such systems to treat a subsurface formation are described herein. A system may include a holding system configured to hold end portions of the two elongated heater portions so that the end portions are abutted together or located near each other; a shield for enclosing the end portions, and one or more inert gas inlets configured to provide at least one inert gas to flush the system with inert gas during welding of the end portions. The shield may be configured to inhibit oxidation during welding that joins the end portions together. The shield may include a hinged door that, when closed, is configured to at least partially isolate the interior of the shield from the atmosphere. The hinged door, when open, is configured to allow access to the interior of the shield.

  7. Multi-mode ultrasonic welding control and optimization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tang, Jason C.H.; Cai, Wayne W

    2013-05-28

    A system and method for providing multi-mode control of an ultrasonic welding system. In one embodiment, the control modes include the energy of the weld, the time of the welding process and the compression displacement of the parts being welded during the welding process. The method includes providing thresholds for each of the modes, and terminating the welding process after the threshold for each mode has been reached, the threshold for more than one mode has been reached or the threshold for one of the modes has been reached. The welding control can be either open-loop or closed-loop, where the open-loop process provides the mode thresholds and once one or more of those thresholds is reached the welding process is terminated. The closed-loop control provides feedback of the weld energy and/or the compression displacement so that the weld power and/or weld pressure can be increased or decreased accordingly.

  8. FUSION WELDING METHOD AND APPARATUS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wyman, W.L.; Steinkamp, W.I.

    1961-01-17

    An apparatus for the fusion welding of metal pieces at a joint is described. The apparatus comprises a highvacuum chamber enclosing the metal pieces and a thermionic filament emitter. Sufficient power is applied to the emitter so that when the electron emission therefrom is focused on the joint it has sufficient energy to melt the metal pieces, ionize the metallic vapor abcve the molten metal, and establish an arc discharge between the joint and the emitter.

  9. Evaluating the SCC resistance of underwater welds in sodium tetrathionate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, R.A.; Angeliu, T.M.

    1997-12-01

    The susceptibility of welds to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) is enhanced by the surface residual tensile stresses generated by the typical welding process. However, underwater plasma transferred arc (PTA) welding has been shown to produce compressive surface residual stresses, an encouraging result if repairs of cracked boiling water reactor (BWR) components are to be made without further endangering them to SCC. This program was designed to verify that underwater PTA welds are resistant to SCC and to determine if underwater PTA welding could mitigate SCC in potentially susceptible welds. This was achieved by exposing various welds on solution annealed (SA) and SA + thermally sensitized 304 stainless steel at 25 C in a solution of 1.5 gm/liter of sodium sulfide added to 0.05M sodium tetrathionate, titrated to a pH of 1.25 with H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}. The autogeneous welds were produced using gas tungsten arc (GTA) and plasma transferred arc (PTA) welding under atmospheric conditions, and PTA welding underwater. After 1 hour of sodium tetrathionate exposure, GTA and air PTA welds exhibited SCC while the underwater PTA weld heat affected zones were more resistant. Underwater PTA welds bisecting a GTA weld eliminated the cracking in the GTA weld heat affected zone under certain conditions. The lack of IG cracking in the region influenced by the underwater PTA weld is consistent with the measurement of compressive surface residual stresses inherent to the underwater welding process.

  10. Low activated incore instrument

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ekeroth, Douglas E.

    1994-01-01

    Instrumentation for nuclear reactor head-mounted incore instrumentation systems fabricated of low nuclear cross section materials (i.e., zirconium or titanium). The instrumentation emits less radiation than that fabricated of conventional materials.

  11. Low activated incore instrument

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ekeroth, D.E.

    1994-04-19

    Instrumentation is described for nuclear reactor head-mounted incore instrumentation systems fabricated of low nuclear cross section materials (i.e., zirconium or titanium). The instrumentation emits less radiation than that fabricated of conventional materials. 9 figures.

  12. Lumens: The new way to shop for light

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    r a d i t i o n a l I n c a n d e s c e n t W a t t s L u m e n s ( B r i g h t n e s s ) LUMENS: THE NEW WAY TO SHOP FOR LIGHT Choose Your Next Light Bulb for the Brightness You Want. ~450 ~800 ~1100 ~1600 9 years 40 60 75 100 For the greatest savings, choose ENERGY STAR® light bulbs. 12/05/2011

  13. ARM - RHUBC II Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Instruments Related Links RHUBC-II Home RHUBC Home ARM Field Campaigns Home ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Deployment Instruments Science Team RHUBC-II Wiki Site Tour News RHUBC-II Backgrounder (PDF, 300K) News & Press Images Experiment Planning RHUBC-II Proposal Abstract Science Plan (PDF, 267KB) Science Objectives Contacts Eli Mlawer, Principal Investigator Dave Turner, Principal Investigator RHUBC II Instruments RHUBC-II Instruments - Cerro Toco, Chile Guest Instruments Instrument

  14. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilityInstruments AAF Information Proposal Process Baseline Instruments Campaign Instruments AAF Fact Sheet G-1 Fact Sheet Images Science Airborne Instrumentation Needs for Climate and Atmospheric Research The DOE ARM Aerial Facility Field Campaigns AAF Campaigns 2007 - UAV Campaigns 1993 - 2006, 2015 Other Aircraft Campaigns 1993 - 2010 AAF Contacts Rickey Petty DOE AAF Program Director Beat Schmid Technical Director AAF Baseline Instruments The following instruments represent available

  15. CLOSURE WELD DEVELOPMENT FOR 3013 OUTER CONTAINERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daugherty, W.; Howard, S.; Peterson, K.; Stokes, M.

    2009-11-10

    Excess plutonium materials in the DOE complex are packaged and stored in accordance with DOE-STD-3013. This standard specifies requirements for the stabilization of such materials and subsequent packaging in dual nested seal-welded containers. Austenitic stainless steels have been selected for container fabrication. The inner 3013 container provides contamination control while the outer 3013 container is the primary containment vessel and is the focus of this paper. Each packaging site chose a process for seal welding the outer 3013 containers in accordance with its needs and expertise. The two processes chosen for weld closure were laser beam welding (LBW) and gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW). Following development efforts, each system was qualified in accordance with DOE-STD-3013 prior to production use. The 3013 outer container closure weld joint was designed to accommodate the characteristics of a laser weld. This aspect of the joint design necessitated some innovative process and equipment considerations in the application of the GTAW process. Details of the weld requirements and the development processes are presented and several potential enhancements for the GTAW system are described.

  16. Manual tube-to-tubesheet welding torch

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kiefer, Joseph H.; Smith, Danny J.

    1982-01-01

    A welding torch made of a high temperature plastic which fits over a tube intermediate the ends thereof for welding the juncture between the tube and the back side of a tube plate and has a ballooned end in which an electrode, filler wire guide, fiber optic bundle, and blanketing gas duct are disposed.

  17. Seal welded cast iron nuclear waste container

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Filippi, Arthur M.; Sprecace, Richard P.

    1987-01-01

    This invention identifies methods and articles designed to circumvent metallurgical problems associated with hermetically closing an all cast iron nuclear waste package by welding. It involves welding nickel-carbon alloy inserts which are bonded to the mating plug and main body components of the package. The welding inserts might be bonded in place during casting of the package components. When the waste package closure weld is made, the most severe thermal effects of the process are restricted to the nickel-carbon insert material which is far better able to accommodate them than is cast iron. Use of nickel-carbon weld inserts should eliminate any need for pre-weld and post-weld heat treatments which are a problem to apply to nuclear waste packages. Although the waste package closure weld approach described results in a dissimilar metal combination, the relative surface area of nickel-to-iron, their electrochemical relationship, and the presence of graphite in both materials will act to prevent any galvanic corrosion problem.

  18. Effect of Scratches on Pinch Welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korinko, P

    2005-10-11

    Fill stems for tritium reservoirs have stringent scratch requirements such that any indications that appear to have depth are cause for rework or rejection. A scoping study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of scratches approximately 0.0015 to 0.002 inch deep on the fitness for service and bond quality. The stems were characterized using borescope before and after welding. The four stems were welded with near optimal weld parameters, proof tested, and examined metallographically. The stems were radiographed, proof tested, and examined metallographically. The scratches did not adversely affect (1) the weld integrity based on radiography, (2) the ability to withstand the proof pressure, and (3) the weld quality based on metallographic cross-sections. Based on these limited results at a nominal weld current, the weld process is very robust. It may be able to recover from manufacturing defects and inspection anomalies worse than those expected for typical fill stem manufacturing processes; additional testing specific to each application over a range of weld heats is needed to verify applicability of these results.

  19. Improving weld quality with laser monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burris, M.K.

    1980-10-01

    A carbon dioxide laser beam monitoring system has been developed to enhance the quality of a weld by monitoring equipment parameters affecting the weld. Investigative efforts resulted in the characterization of a laser beam by specially designed monitor assemblies, data collection by a newly developed data acquisition system, and data analysis by computer interface with the data acquisition system.

  20. Computer control raises welding from art to science: Inventions & Innovations success story

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2000-02-01

    Fact sheet written for the Inventions and Innovation Program about a new welding control system that provides precise, effective welds and documents weld integrity.

  1. What makes an electric welding arc perform its required function

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Correy, T.B.

    1982-09-01

    The physics of direct current and alternating current welding arcs, the heat transfer of direct current welding arcs, the characteristics of dc welding and ac welding power supplies and recommendations for the procurement and maintenance of precision power supplies are discussed. (LCL)

  2. ARM - Campaign Instrument - psr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Polarimetric Scanning Radiometer (PSR) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Surface Meteorology Campaigns Cloud LAnd Surface...

  3. ARM - Instrument - usdarad

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Radiation Monitoring Data (USDARAD) Instrument Categories Radiometric...

  4. ARM - Instrument - rwp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Radar Wind Profiler (RWP) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling General Overview The radar wind profilerradio acoustic sounding ...

  5. ARM - Campaign Instrument - rcs

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NREL Radiometer Characterization System (RCS) Instrument Categories Radiometric Campaigns Aerosol IOP Download Data Southern...

  6. ARM - Campaign Instrument - pdi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Phase Doppler Interferometer (PDI) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations, Cloud Properties...

  7. ARM - Campaign Instrument - twst

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Three Waveband Spectrally-agile Technique Sensor (TWST) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling, Cloud Properties, Radiometric...

  8. ARM - Campaign Instrument - sam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Sun and Aureole Measurement (SAM) Instrument Categories Radiometric Campaigns CLASIC - SAM Support Download Data ...

  9. Evaluating musical instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, D. Murray

    2014-04-01

    Scientific measurements of sound generation and radiation by musical instruments are surprisingly hard to correlate with the subtle and complex judgments of instrumental quality made by expert musicians.

  10. ARM - Campaign Instrument - mas

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NASA MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations, Radiometric Campaigns Cloud LAnd...

  11. WNR Instrument Contacts

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Instrument Contacts Name Flight Path Position Phone Pager Cell Ullmann, John 1FP14(DANCE) Instrument Scientist 667-2517 664-3523 Couture, Aaron 1FP14(DANCE) Instrument Assistant 667-1730 664-1163 Mosby, Shea 1FP14(DANCE) Instrument Assistant 665-5414 664-7412 Tovesson, Fredrik 1FP12 Instrument Assistant 665-9652 500-5073 Vogel, Sven 1FP05 Instrument Scientist 667-7016 412-7547 Nelson, Ron 1FP05 Instrument Scientist 667-7107 664-2191 690-4220 Devlin, Matt 4FP15L(Chi-Nu) Instrument Scientist

  12. ARM - Campaign Instrument - mir

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Millimeter-wave Imaging Radiometer (MIR) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling, Radiometric Campaigns Millimeter-wave...

  13. Application of welding science to welding engineering: A lumped parameter gas metal arc welding dynamic process model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, P.E.; Smartt, H.B.; Johnson, J.A.

    1997-12-31

    We develop a model of the depth of penetration of the weld pool in gas metal arc welding (GMAW) which demonstrates interaction between the arc, filler wire and weld pool. This model is motivated by the observations of Essers and Walter which suggest a relationship between droplet momentum and penetration depth. A model of gas metal arc welding was augmented to include an improved model of mass transfer and a simple model of accelerating droplets in a plasma jet to obtain the mass and momentum of impinging droplets. The force of the droplets and depth of penetration is correlated by a dimensionless linear relation used to predict weld pool depth for a range of values of arc power and contact tip to workpiece distance. Model accuracy is examined by comparing theoretical predictions and experimental measurements of the pool depth obtained from bead on plate welds of carbon steel in an argon rich shielding gas. Moreover, theoretical predictions of pool depth are compared to the results obtained from the heat conduction model due to Christensen et al. which suggest that in some cases the momentum of impinging droplets is a better indicator of the depth of the weld pool and the presence of a deep, narrow penetration.

  14. Career Map: Instrumentation Coordinator

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Wind Program's Career Map provides job description information for Instrumentation Coordinator positions.

  15. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Boundary FacilityInstruments SGP Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Summer Training SGP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Boundary Facilities Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities

  16. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Extended FacilityInstruments SGP Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Summer Training SGP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Extended Facilities Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities

  17. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Intermediate FacilityInstruments SGP Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Summer Training SGP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Intermediate Facilities Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile

  18. ARM - Instrumentation Workshop 2008

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilityInstrumentation Workshop 2008 AAF Information Proposal Process Baseline Instruments Campaign Instruments AAF Fact Sheet G-1 Fact Sheet Images Science Airborne Instrumentation Needs for Climate and Atmospheric Research The DOE ARM Aerial Facility Field Campaigns AAF Campaigns 2007 - UAV Campaigns 1993 - 2006, 2015 Other Aircraft Campaigns 1993 - 2010 AAF Contacts Rickey Petty DOE AAF Program Director Beat Schmid Technical Director Instrumentation Workshop 2008 Agenda and Presentations

  19. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Shouxian, ChinaInstruments Shouxian Deployment AMF Home Shouxian Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Experiment Planning Proposal Science Plan, (PDF, 1,257K) Outreach Fact Sheets English Version (PDF, 458K) Mandarin Version (PDF, 1230K) AMF Poster, Mandarin Version News Campaign Images Instruments : Shouxian, Anhui, China Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. Retired instruments were deployed

  20. PDC IC WELD FAILURE EVALUATION AND RESOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korinko, P.; Howard, S.; Maxwell, D.; Fiscus, J.

    2012-04-16

    During final preparations for start of the PDCF Inner Can (IC) qualification effort, welding was performed on an automated weld system known as the PICN. During the initial weld, using a pedigree canister and plug, a weld defect was observed. The defect resulted in a hole in the sidewall of the canister, and it was observed that the plug sidewall had not been consumed. This was a new type of failure not seen during development and production of legacy Bagless Transfer Cans (FB-Line/Hanford). Therefore, a team was assembled to determine the root cause and to determine if the process could be improved. After several brain storming sessions (MS and T, R and D Engineering, PDC Project), an evaluation matrix was established to direct this effort. The matrix identified numerous activities that could be taken and then prioritized those activities. This effort was limited by both time and resources (the number of canisters and plugs available for testing was limited). A discovery process was initiated to evaluate the Vendor's IC fabrication process relative to legacy processes. There were no significant findings, however, some information regarding forging/anneal processes could not be obtained. Evaluations were conducted to compare mechanical properties of the PDC canisters relative to the legacy canisters. Some differences were identified, but mechanical properties were determined to be consistent with legacy materials. A number of process changes were also evaluated. A heat treatment procedure was established that could reduce the magnetic characteristics to levels similar to the legacy materials. An in-situ arc annealing process was developed that resulted in improved weld characteristics for test articles. Also several tack welds configurations were addressed, it was found that increasing the number of tack welds (and changing the sequence) resulted in decreased can to plug gaps and a more stable weld for test articles. Incorporating all of the process improvements

  1. Building 9401-2 Plating Shop Surveillance and Maintenance Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-05-01

    This document provides a plan for implementing surveillance and maintenance (S and M) activities to ensure that Building 9401-2 Plating Shop is maintained in a cost effective and environmentally secure configuration until subsequent closure during the final disposition phase of decommissioning. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) G430.1A-2, Surveillance and Maintenance During Facility Disposition (1997), was used as guidance in the development of this plan. The S and M Plan incorporates DOE O 430.1A, Life Cycle Asset Management (LCAM) (1998a) direction to provide for conducting surveillance and maintenance activities required to maintain the facility and remaining hazardous and radioactive materials, wastes, and contamination in a stable and known condition pending facility disposition. Recommendations in the S and M plan have been made that may not be requirement-based but would reduce the cost and frequency of surveillance and maintenance activities. During the course of S and M activities, the facility's condition may change so as to present an immediate or developing hazard or unsatisfactory condition. Corrective action should be coordinated with the appropriate support organizations using the requirements and guidance stated in procedure Y10-202, Rev. 1, Integrated Safety Management Program, (Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. (LMES), 1998a) implemented at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant and the methodology of the Nuclear Operations Conduct of Operations Manual (LMES, 1999) for the Depleted Uranium Operations (DUO) organization. The key S and M objectives applicable to the Plating Shop are to: Ensure adequate containment of remaining residual material in exhaust stacks and outside process piping, stored chemicals awaiting offsite shipment, and items located in the Radioactive Material Area (RMA); Provide access control into the facility and physical safety to S and M personnel; Maintain the facility in a manner that will protect the public, the environment, and the S

  2. Fusion welding of refractory metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robino, C.V.

    1991-01-01

    The refractory metals of Groups 5B and 6B and their alloys display a variety of unique physical and mechanical characteristics in addition to their high melting points. In turn, these characteristics make these materials strong candidates for severe service and specialized applications. However, these materials also present a variety of challenges with respect to both fabrication weldability and the in-service behavior of weldments, many of which are related to the dominant effects of interstitial impurities. This work reviews current understanding of the physical and joining metallurgy of these metals and their alloys with emphasis on fusion welding. Of specific interest are the role of impurities and alloy chemistry in fabrication and service weldability, the material processing route, eg. vacuum melting vs. powder metallurgy, the importance of welding process procedures and variables, weldment mechanical properties, and fracture behavior. Specific examples from the various alloy systems are used to illustrate general metallurgical and joining characteristics of this class of materials. 34 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. Recent progress on gas tungsten arc welding of vanadium alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grossbeck, M.L.; King, J.F.; Alexander, D.J.

    1997-08-01

    Emphasis has been placed on welding 6.4 mm plate, primarily by gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding. The weld properties were tested using blunt notch Charpy testing to determine the ductile to brittle transition temperature (DBTT). Erratic results were attributed to hydrogen and oxygen contamination of the welds. An improved gas clean-up system was installed on the welding glove box and the resulting high purity welds had Charpy impact properties similar to those of electron beam welds with similar grain size. A post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) of 950{degrees}C for two hours did not improve the properties of the weld in cases where low concentrations of impurities were attained. Further improvements in the gas clean-up system are needed to control hydrogen contamination.

  4. Method and apparatus for real time weld monitoring

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leong, Keng H.; Hunter, Boyd V.

    1997-01-01

    An improved method and apparatus are provided for real time weld monitoring. An infrared signature emitted by a hot weld surface during welding is detected and this signature is compared with an infrared signature emitted by the weld surface during steady state conditions. The result is correlated with weld penetration. The signal processing is simpler than for either UV or acoustic techniques. Changes in the weld process, such as changes in the transmitted laser beam power, quality or positioning of the laser beam, change the resulting weld surface features and temperature of the weld surface, thereby resulting in a change in the direction and amount of infrared emissions. This change in emissions is monitored by an IR sensitive detecting apparatus that is sensitive to the appropriate wavelength region for the hot weld surface.

  5. Pulsed Magnetic Welding for Advanced Core and Cladding Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Guoping; Yang, Yong

    2013-12-19

    To investigate a solid-state joining method, pulsed magnetic welding (PMW), for welding the advanced core and cladding steels to be used in Generation IV systems, with a specific application for fuel pin end-plug welding. As another alternative solid state welding technique, pulsed magnetic welding (PMW) has not been extensively explored on the advanced steels. The resultant weld can be free from microstructure defects (pores, non-matallic inclusions, segregation of alloying elements). More specifically, the following objectives are to be achieved, 1) To design a suitable welding apparatus fixture, and optimize welding parameters for repeatable and acceptable joining of the fuel pin end-plug. The welding will be evaluated using tensile tests for lap joint weldments and helium leak tests for the fuel pin end-plug. 2) investigate the microstructural and mechanical properties changes in PMW weldments of proposed advanced core and cladding alloys. 3) Simulate the irradiation effects on the PWM weldments using ion irradiation.

  6. TAN Hot Shop and Support Facility Utilization Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Picker, B.A.

    2001-11-16

    Impacts to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex caused by early closure (prior to 2018) and Demolition and Dismantlement (D and D) of the Test Area North (TAN) hot shop and its support facilities are explored in this report. Various possible conditions, such as Standby, Safe Store and Lay-up, that the facility may be placed in prior to eventually being turned over to D and D are addressed. The requirements, impacts, and implications to the facility and to the DOE Complex are discussed for each condition presented in the report. Some details of the report reference the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Spent Nuclear Fuel Life Cycle Baseline Plan, the INEEL 2000 Infrastructure Long Range Plan, and other internal INEEL reports.

  7. TAN HOT SHOP AND SUPPORT FACILITY UTILIZATION STUDY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Ken Crawforth

    2001-11-01

    Impacts to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex caused by early closure (prior to 2018) and Demolition and Dismantlement (D&D) of the Test Area North (TAN) hot shop and its support facilities are explored in this report. Various possible conditions, such as Standby, Safe Store and Lay-up, that the facility may be placed in prior to eventually being turned over to D&D are addressed. The requirements, impacts, and implications to the facility and to the DOE Complex are discussed for each condition presented in the report. Some details of the report reference the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Spent Nuclear Fuel Life Cycle Baseline Plan, the INEEL 2000 Infrastructure Long Range Plan, and other internal INEEL reports.

  8. Pollution prevention opportunity assessment for Facilities Maintenance Team (FMT) paint shop.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klossner, Kristin Ann

    2003-05-01

    This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for Sandia National Laboratories/California Facilities Maintenance Team Paint Shop Operations in August and September 2002. The primary purpose of this PPOA is to provide recommendations to assist Paint Shop personnel in reducing the generation of waste and improving the efficiency of their processes. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed and recommends options for implementation. The Sandia National Laboratories Pollution Prevention staff will continue to work with the Paint Shop to implement the recommendations.

  9. Optimization of Weld Conditions and Alloy Composition for Welding of Single-Crystal Nickel-Based Superalloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitek, John Michael; David, Stan A; Babu, Sudarsanam S

    2007-01-01

    Calculations were carried out to identify optimum welding conditions and weld alloy compositions to avoid stray grain formation during welding of single-crystal nickel-based superalloys. The calculations were performed using a combination of three models: a thermal model to describe the weld pool shape and the local thermal gradient and solidification front velocity; a geometric model to identify the local active dendrite growth variant, and a nucleation and growth model to describe the extent of stray grain formation ahead of the advancing solidification front. Optimum welding conditions (low weld power, high weld speed) were identified from the model calculations. Additional calculations were made to determine potential alloy modifications that reduce the solidification temperature range while maintaining high gamma prime content. The combination of optimum weld conditions and alloy compositions should allow for weld repair of single-crystal nickel-based superalloys without sacrificing properties or performance.

  10. The 'world's largest' Inconel waterwall weld overlay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacLean, K.; Fournier, E.; Gomez-Grande, J.; Scandroli, T.

    2009-11-15

    An 11,000 square foot Inconel 655 weld repaired severe wastage caused by low NOx firing with coal/petcoke at the Belledune generating station in New Brunswick, Canada. 1 ref., 1 fig., 3 photos.

  11. Vibration welding system with thin film sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cai, Wayne W; Abell, Jeffrey A; Li, Xiaochun; Choi, Hongseok; Zhao, Jingzhou

    2014-03-18

    A vibration welding system includes an anvil, a welding horn, a thin film sensor, and a process controller. The anvil and horn include working surfaces that contact a work piece during the welding process. The sensor measures a control value at the working surface. The measured control value is transmitted to the controller, which controls the system in part using the measured control value. The thin film sensor may include a plurality of thermopiles and thermocouples which collectively measure temperature and heat flux at the working surface. A method includes providing a welder device with a slot adjacent to a working surface of the welder device, inserting the thin film sensor into the slot, and using the sensor to measure a control value at the working surface. A process controller then controls the vibration welding system in part using the measured control value.

  12. Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hovanski, Yuri; Grant, Glenn J.; Santella, M. L.

    2009-11-13

    Friction stir spot welding techniques were developed to successfully join several advanced high strength steels. Two distinct tool materials were evaluated to determine the effect of tool materials on the process parameters and joint properties. Welds were characterized primarily via lap shear, microhardness, and optical microscopy. Friction stir spot welds were compared to the resistance spot welds in similar strength alloys by using the AWS standard for resistance spot welding high strength steels. As further comparison, a primitive cost comparison between the two joining processes was developed, which included an evaluation of the future cost prospects of friction stir spot welding in advanced high strength steels.

  13. Welding development for V-Cr-Ti alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, G.M.; King, J.F.

    1994-09-01

    Welds have been produced and characterized using the gas-tungsten arc (GTA) and electron beam (EB) welding processes. Thin sheet (0.75 mm) welds were made with three levels of interstitial contamination, and hardness and tensile properties were found to be strongly affected by oxygen pickup. Thick-section (6 mm) welds have been produced using both processes, and no embrittlement is experienced when high purity atmosphere is maintained. Metallographic examination shows a narrow, but coarse grained, heat affected zone for the GTA welds. Transition joint welding development between vanadium alloy and stainless steel has shown encouraging results.

  14. Thermocapillary and arc phenomena in stainless steel welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, S.W.

    1993-10-01

    Goal was to study effect of power level and distribution on thermocapiilary-induced weld shape and of arc factors on weld shape. Thermocapillarity was apparent in both conduction mode EB welds and GTA welds, particularly in the former. A non-Gaussian arc distribution is suggested for accounting for the differences between the twoss processes. At higher current levels (200--300 A), plasma shear force also contributes to weld shape development. Evidence suggests that thermocapillary flow reversal is not a factor in normal GTA welds; EDB flow reversal occurs only at high power density levels where the keyhole mode is present.

  15. Towards Real Time Diagnostics of Hybrid Welding Laser/GMAW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timothy Mcjunkin; Dennis C. Kunerth; Corrie Nichol; Evgueni Todorov; Steve Levesque; Feng Yu; Robert Danna Couch

    2013-07-01

    Methods are currently being developed towards a more robust system real time feedback in the high throughput process combining laser welding with gas metal arc welding. A combination of ultrasonic, eddy current, electronic monitoring, and visual techniques are being applied to the welding process. Initial simulation and bench top evaluation of proposed real time techniques on weld samples are presented along with the concepts to apply the techniques concurrently to the weld process. Consideration for the eventual code acceptance of the methods and system are also being researched as a component of this project. The goal is to detect defects or precursors to defects and correct when possible during the weld process.

  16. Aluminum Tailor-Welded Blanks for High Volume Automotive Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hovanski, Yuri; Upadhyay, Piyush; Pilli, Siva Prasad; Carlson, Blair; Carsley, John; Hartfield-Wunsch, Susan; Eisenmenger, Mark

    2014-02-04

    A Design of Experiment based approach is used to systematically investigate relationships between 8 different welding factors (4 related to tool geometry, 4 related to weld process control) and resulting weld properties including strength, elongation and formability in 1.2mm-2mm thick friction stir welding of AA5182-O for TWB application. The factors that result in most significant effects are elucidated. The interactions between several key factors like plunge depth, tool tilt, pin feature and pin length on the overall weld quality is discussed. Appropriate levels of factors that lead to excellent weld properties are also identified.

  17. Towards real time diagnostics of Hybrid Welding Laser/GMAW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McJunkin, T. R.; Kunerth, D. C.; Nichol, C. I. [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-3570 (United States); Todorov, E.; Levesque, S. [Edison Welding Institute, Columbus, OH (United States)

    2014-02-18

    Methods are currently being developed towards a more robust system real time feedback in the high throughput process combining laser welding with gas metal arc welding. A combination of ultrasonic, eddy current, electronic monitoring, and visual techniques are being applied to the welding process. Initial simulation and bench top evaluation of proposed real time techniques on weld samples are presented along with the concepts to apply the techniques concurrently to the weld process. Consideration for the eventual code acceptance of the methods and system are also being researched as a component of this project. The goal is to detect defects or precursors to defects and correct when possible during the weld process.

  18. Welding high-molybdenum superaustenitic stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ogawa, T.; Koseki, T.

    1996-02-01

    A high-molybdenum, nitrogen-enriched, nickel-based filler metal was developed for welding superaustenitic stainless steels. The beneficial effects of high Ni content and nitrogen addition in reducing the solute microsegregation and the precipitation of intermetallic phases were used to design the filler alloy. The weld had a precipitate-free, fully austenitic microstructure and exhibited excellent mechanical properties, and reduced hot-cracking susceptibility and high-chloride pitting-corrosion resistance.

  19. ARM - Campaign Instrument - maeri

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmaeri Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Marine AERI (MAERI) Instrument...

  20. ARM - Campaign Instrument - aot

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsaot Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) Instrument...

  1. ARM - Campaign Instrument - hsi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentshsi Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Hemispheric Sky Imager (HSI) Instrument...

  2. ARM - Campaign Instrument - ozone

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsozone Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Ozone Monitor (OZONE) Instrument...

  3. ARM - Campaign Instrument - wsi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentswsi Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Whole Sky Imager (WSI) Instrument...

  4. ARM - Campaign Instrument - gerbprobe

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsgerbprobe Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Gerber Probe (GERBPROBE) Instrument...

  5. ARM - Campaign Instrument - mwrret

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmwrret Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : MWR Retrievals (MWRRET) Instrument...

  6. ARM - Campaign Instrument - cpi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscpi Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Cloud Particle Imager (CPI) Instrument...

  7. ARM - Campaign Instrument - radon

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsradon Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Radon (RADON) Instrument Categories...

  8. ARM - Campaign Instrument - sfcflux

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssfcflux Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Surface Flux (SFCFLUX) Instrument...

  9. ARM - Campaign Instrument - learjet

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentslearjet Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Lear Jet (LEARJET) Instrument...

  10. ARM - Campaign Instrument - eta

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentseta Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Eta Model Runs (ETA) Instrument Categories...

  11. ARM - Campaign Instrument - anemometer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsanemometer Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Anemometer (ANEMOMETER) Instrument...

  12. ARM - Campaign Instrument - aerinf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsaerinf Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : AERI Noise Filtered (AERINF) Instrument...

  13. ARM - Campaign Instrument - mfr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmfr Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Multifilter Radiometer (MFR) Instrument...

  14. ARM - Campaign Instrument - cmh

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscmh Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Chilled Mirror Hygrometer (CMH) Instrument...

  15. ARM - Instrument - masc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera (MASC) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Contact(s) Martin...

  16. ARM - Instrument - suomigps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : SuomiNet Global Positioning System (SUOMIGPS) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling General Overview...

  17. ARM - Campaign Instrument - ldis

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Laser Disdrometer (LDIS) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Campaigns Marine ARM GPCI ...

  18. ARM - Campaign Instrument - asti

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Absolute Solar Transmittance Interferometer (ASTI) Instrument ...

  19. ARM - Campaign Instrument - aos

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Aerosol Observing System (AOS) Instrument Categories Aerosols Campaigns...

  20. ARM - Campaign Instrument - varanal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Constrained Variational Analysis (VARANAL) Instrument Categories Derived...

  1. ARM - Campaign Instrument - cfdc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Continuous Flow Ice Thermal Diffusion Chamber (CFDC) Instrument...

  2. ARM - Campaign Instrument - aeri

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Instrument Categories...

  3. ARM - Campaign Instrument - sodar

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Mini Sound Detection and Ranging (SODAR) Instrument Categories...

  4. ARM - Campaign Instrument - tdma

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (TDMA) Instrument Categories...

  5. ARM - Campaign Instrument - flask

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes (FLASK) Instrument...

  6. ARM - Campaign Instrument - pcasp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Passive Cavity Aerosol Spectrometer (PCASP) Instrument Categories...

  7. ARM - Campaign Instrument - smps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) Instrument Categories Aerosols...

  8. ARM - Campaign Instrument - mwr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Microwave Radiometer (MWR) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling,...

  9. ARM - Campaign Instrument - cep

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Cloud Extinction Probe (CEP) Instrument Categories Airborne...

  10. ARM - Campaign Instrument - semsamp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Scanning Electron Microscope Sampler (SEMSAMP) Instrument Categories...

  11. ARM - Campaign Instrument - acsm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) Instrument Categories...

  12. ARM - Campaign Instrument - gcms

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) Instrument Categories...

  13. ARM - Campaign Instrument - disdrometer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Impact Disdrometer (DISDROMETER) Instrument Categories Surface...

  14. ARM - Campaign Instrument - soil

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Soil Measurement from the SGP (SOIL) Instrument Categories SurfaceSubsurface Properties Campaigns ...

  15. ARM - Campaign Instrument - irsi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Infra-Red Sky Imager (IRSI) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, ...

  16. ARM - Instrument - wpdn

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling ...

  17. ARM - Instrument - sonicwind

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : ultrasonic wind sensor (SONICWIND) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology ...

  18. ARM - Instrument - thwaps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Temperature, Humidity, Wind and Pressure Sensors (THWAPS) Instrument Categories ...

  19. ARM - Instrument - dl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Doppler Lidar (DL) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Picture of the Doppler Lidar...

  20. Welding Behavior of Free Machining Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BROOKS,JOHN A.; ROBINO,CHARLES V.; HEADLEY,THOMAS J.; MICHAEL,JOSEPH R.

    2000-07-24

    The weld solidification and cracking behavior of sulfur bearing free machining austenitic stainless steel was investigated for both gas-tungsten arc (GTA) and pulsed laser beam weld processes. The GTA weld solidification was consistent with those predicted with existing solidification diagrams and the cracking response was controlled primarily by solidification mode. The solidification behavior of the pulsed laser welds was complex, and often contained regions of primary ferrite and primary austenite solidification, although in all cases the welds were found to be completely austenite at room temperature. Electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) pattern analysis indicated that the nature of the base metal at the time of solidification plays a primary role in initial solidification. The solid state transformation of austenite to ferrite at the fusion zone boundary, and ferrite to austenite on cooling may both be massive in nature. A range of alloy compositions that exhibited good resistance to solidification cracking and was compatible with both welding processes was identified. The compositional range is bounded by laser weldability at lower Cr{sub eq}/Ni{sub eq} ratios and by the GTA weldability at higher ratios. It was found with both processes that the limiting ratios were somewhat dependent upon sulfur content.

  1. Instrumentation | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Accelerator Technology ATLAS at the LHC Cosmology & Astrophysics Instrumentation Precision Muon Physics Neutrino Physics Theoretical High Energy Physics Instrumentation Instrumentation The development of new instrumentation, particularly detector technology, provides a common thread that links together a wide range of high-energy physics projects and programs. In order to better understand our universe, we need ways to build detectors with fast response (usually billionths of a

  2. ARM - Guest Instrument Facility

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    PlainsGuest Instrument Facility SGP Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Summer Training SGP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Guest Instrument Facility ARM's Guest Instrument Facility at the SGP site near Lamont, Oklahoma. ARM's Guest

  3. ARM - Instrument - mettwr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmettwr Documentation METTWR : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Surface and Tower Meteorological Instrumentation at NSA (METTWR) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Surface meteorological measurements from tower (METTWR) EDITOR'S NOTE: Current data can be found in the Surface Meteorological Instrumentation (MET) and Facility-specific Multilevel

  4. ARM - Instrument - om

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsom Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OM) <!-- Picture of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) --> General Overview The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) distinguishes between aerosol types, such as smoke, dust, and sulfates, and can measure cloud pressure and coverage, which provide data to derive tropospheric ozone. OMI continues the TOMS record for total

  5. ARM - Instrument - omi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsomi Documentation OMI : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Instrument Categories Satellite Observations General Overview The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) distinguishes between aerosol types, such as smoke, dust, and sulfates, and can measure cloud pressure and coverage, which provide data to derive tropospheric ozone.

  6. ARM - Instrument - rad

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsrad Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Radiation Measurements at AMF (RAD) Instrument Categories Radiometric Picture of the radiometric instruments at the ancillary site in Niger General Overview While preparing for the ARM Mobile Facility deployment in Niger, the science team identified the need for instrumentation at an off-site location to compare radiative

  7. ARM - Instrument - smet

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssmet Documentation SMET : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Surface Meteorological Instruments for TWP (SMET) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Surface Meteorology (SMET) EDITOR'S NOTE: Current data can be found in the Surface Meteorological Instrumentation (MET) datastream. General Overview The TWP Surface Meteorology station (SMET) uses

  8. ARM - Instrument - smos

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssmos Documentation SMOS : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Surface Meteorological Observation System Instruments for SGP (SMOS) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Surface Meteorological Observation System (SMOS) EDITOR'S NOTE: Current data can be found in the Surface Meteorological Instrumentation (MET) datastream; only data from the

  9. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    AtlanticInstruments ENA Related Links Facilities and Instruments ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site ENA Fact Sheet (PDF, 512KB) Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Eastern North Atlantic Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. ACSM Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor Aerosols Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] AERI

  10. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    InactiveInstruments NSA Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Barrow Atqasuk Oliktok Point (AMF3) ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site NSA Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Central Facility, Atqasuk AK Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. MFRSR Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Radiometric

  11. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Manacapuru, Brazil Instruments Manacapuru Deployment AMF Home Manacapuru Home GOAMAZON Website Experiment Planning Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan (PDF, 1.4MB) Deployment Operations Baseline Instruments and Data Plots at the Archive Outreach News & Press GOAMAZON Blog Images Contacts Kim Nitschke, AMF Operations Scot Martin, Principal Investigator Instruments : Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil; Mobile Facility (GOAMAZON) Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at

  12. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Niamey, Niger, West AfricaInstruments Niamey Deployment AMF Home Niamey Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Rainfall Record (PDF) Publications List, (PDF) Experiment Planning RADAGAST Proposal Outreach Fact Sheets RADAGAST (PDF) Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa (PDF) Posters AMF Poster, French Version We're Going to Sample the Sky in Africa! News Campaign Images AMMA International News Instruments : Niamey, Niger; Mobile Facility (RADAGAST) Active Retired Active instruments are

  13. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Oliktok Point, AlaskaInstruments Oliktok Deployment AMF Home Oliktok Home Deployment Operations Baseline Instruments and Data Plots at the Archive Outreach News & Press New Sites Fact Sheet (PDF, 1.6MB) Images Contacts Fred Helsel, AMF Operations Gijs de Boer, Principal Investigator Instruments : Oliktok Point, Alaska, USA Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance

  14. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesAMF Deployment, Ganges Valley, IndiaInstruments Ganges Valley Deployment AMF Home Ganges Valley Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Campaign Images Experiment Planning GVAX Full Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan Field Campaign Report Outreach GVAX Backgrounder (PDF, 1.4MB) News Education Flyer (PDF, 2.1MB) AMF Poster, 2011 Images Contacts V. Rao Kotamarthi Instruments : Ganges Valley, India; Mobile Facility (GVAX) Active Retired Active instruments are currently

  15. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Point Reyes National Seashore, CaliforniaInstruments Point Reyes Deployment AMF Home Point Reyes Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Experiment Planning MASRAD Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Outreach Posters Climate Research at Point Reyes National Seashore (horizontal) Climate Research at Point Reyes National Seashore (vertical) News Campaign Images Instruments : Point Reyes CA, USA; Mobile Facility (MASRAD) Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or

  16. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Steamboat Springs, ColoradoInstruments Steamboat Deployment AMF Home Steamboat Springs Home Storm Peak Lab Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Data Sets Experiment Planning STORMVEX Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan NWS Forecasting Plots Outreach STORMVEX Backgrounder (PDF, 1.6MB) News AMF2 STORMVEX Blog Images Contacts Gerald Mace Instruments : Steamboat Springs CO, USA; Mobile Facility (STORMVEX) Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile

  17. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govSitesNorth Slope of AlaskaNSA Barrow FacilityInstruments NSA Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Barrow Atqasuk Oliktok Point (AMF3) ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site NSA Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Central Facility, Barrow AK Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. AERI Atmospheric

  18. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Central FacilityInstruments SGP Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Summer Training SGP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Central Facility Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or

  19. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Manus Site-InactiveInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Instruments : Central Facility, Manus I., PNG Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. MPL Micropulse Lidar Cloud Properties

  20. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nauru Site-InactiveInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Instruments : Central Facility, Nauru Island Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. MFRSR Multifilter Rotating Shadowband

  1. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Darwin Site-InactiveInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Instruments : Central Facility, Darwin, Australia Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. MFRSR Multifilter Rotating

  2. ARM - Instrument Handbooks

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govPublicationsInstrument Handbooks Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents & Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Instrument Handbooks For proper viewing, instrument handbooks should be viewed with Adobe Acrobat Reader. Download the latest version from the Adobe

  3. Predicting laser weld reliability with stochastic reduced-order models. Predicting laser weld reliability

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Emery, John M.; Field, Richard V.; Foulk, James W.; Karlson, Kyle N.; Grigoriu, Mircea D.

    2015-05-26

    Laser welds are prevalent in complex engineering systems and they frequently govern failure. The weld process often results in partial penetration of the base metals, leaving sharp crack-like features with a high degree of variability in the geometry and material properties of the welded structure. Furthermore, accurate finite element predictions of the structural reliability of components containing laser welds requires the analysis of a large number of finite element meshes with very fine spatial resolution, where each mesh has different geometry and/or material properties in the welded region to address variability. We found that traditional modeling approaches could not bemore » efficiently employed. Consequently, a method is presented for constructing a surrogate model, based on stochastic reduced-order models, and is proposed to represent the laser welds within the component. Here, the uncertainty in weld microstructure and geometry is captured by calibrating plasticity parameters to experimental observations of necking as, because of the ductility of the welds, necking – and thus peak load – plays the pivotal role in structural failure. The proposed method is exercised for a simplified verification problem and compared with the traditional Monte Carlo simulation with rather remarkable results.« less

  4. Predicting laser weld reliability with stochastic reduced-order models. Predicting laser weld reliability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emery, John M.; Field, Richard V.; Foulk, James W.; Karlson, Kyle N.; Grigoriu, Mircea D.

    2015-05-26

    Laser welds are prevalent in complex engineering systems and they frequently govern failure. The weld process often results in partial penetration of the base metals, leaving sharp crack-like features with a high degree of variability in the geometry and material properties of the welded structure. Furthermore, accurate finite element predictions of the structural reliability of components containing laser welds requires the analysis of a large number of finite element meshes with very fine spatial resolution, where each mesh has different geometry and/or material properties in the welded region to address variability. We found that traditional modeling approaches could not be efficiently employed. Consequently, a method is presented for constructing a surrogate model, based on stochastic reduced-order models, and is proposed to represent the laser welds within the component. Here, the uncertainty in weld microstructure and geometry is captured by calibrating plasticity parameters to experimental observations of necking as, because of the ductility of the welds, necking – and thus peak load – plays the pivotal role in structural failure. The proposed method is exercised for a simplified verification problem and compared with the traditional Monte Carlo simulation with rather remarkable results.

  5. A Glove Box Enclosed Gas-Tungsten Arc Welding System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reevr, E, M; Robino, C.V.

    1999-07-01

    This report describes an inert atmosphere enclosed gas-tungsten arc welding system which has been assembled in support of the MC2730, MC2730A and MC 3500 Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Enhanced Surveillance Program. One goal of this program is to fabricate welds with microstructures and impurity levels which are similar to production heat source welds previously produced at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Mound Facility. These welds will subsequently be used for high temperature creep testing as part of the overall component lifetime assessment. In order to maximize the utility of the welding system, means for local control of the arc atmosphere have been incorporated and a wide range of welding environments can easily be evaluated. The gas-tungsten arc welding system used in the assembly is computer controlled, includes two-axis and rotary motion, and can be operated in either continuous or pulsed modes. The system can therefore be used for detailed research studies of welding impurity effects, development of prototype weld schedules, or to mimic a significant range of production-like welding conditions. Fixturing for fabrication of high temperature creep test samples have been designed and constructed, and weld schedules for grip-tab and test welds have been developed. The microstructure of these welds have been evaluated and are consistent with those used during RTG production.

  6. Fusion welding of a modern borated stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robino, C.V.; Cieslak, M.J.

    1997-01-01

    Experiments designed to assess the fabrication and service weldability of 304B4A borated stainless steel were conducted. Welding procedures and parameters for manual gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding, autogenous electron beam (EB) welding and filler-added EB welding were developed and found to be similar to those for austenitic stainless steels. Following the procedure development, four test welds were produced and evaluated by microstructural analysis and Charpy impact testing. Further samples were used for determination of the postweld heat treatment (PWHT) response of the welds. The fusion zone structure of welds in this alloy consists of primary austenite dendrites with an interdendritic eutectic-like austenite/boride constituent. Welds also show an appreciable partially molten zone that consists of the austenite/boride eutectic surrounding unmelted austenite islands. The microstructure of the EB welds was substantially finer than that of the GTA welds, and boride coarsening was not observed in the solid state heat-affected zone (HAZ) of either weld type. The impact toughness of as-welded samples was found to be relatively poor, averaging less than 10 J for both GTA and EB welds. For fusion zone notched GTA and EB samples and centerline notched EB samples, fracture generally occurred along the boundary between the partially molten and solid-state regions of the HAZ. The results of the PWHT study were very encouraging, with typical values of the impact energy for HAZ notched samples approaching 40 J, or twice the minimum code-acceptable value.

  7. From Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is the presentation delivered on the Pew Center on Global Climate Change's report From Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency, which describes leading corporate energy efficiency programs.

  8. Apparatus for maintaining aligment of a shrinking weld joint in an electron-beam welding operation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Trent, J.B.; Murphy, J.L.

    1980-01-03

    The invention is directed to an apparatus for automatically maintaining a shrinking weld joint in alignement with an electron beam during an electron-beam multipass-welding operation. The apparatus utilizes a bias means for continually urging a workpiece-supporting face plate away from a carriage mounted base that rotatably supports the face plate. The extent of displacement of the face plate away from the base in indicative of the shrinkage occuring in the weld joint area. This displacement is measured and is used to move the base on the carriage a distance equal to one-half the displacement for aligning the weld joint with the electron beam during each welding pass.

  9. Apparatus for maintaining alignment of a shrinking weld joint in an electron-beam welding operation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Trent, Jett B.; Murphy, Jimmy L.

    1981-01-01

    The present invention is directed to an apparatus for automatically maintaining a shrinking weld joint in alignment with an electron beam during an electron-beam multipass-welding operation. The apparatus utilizes a biasing device for continually urging a workpiece-supporting face plate away from a carriage mounted base that rotatably supports the face plate. The extent of displacement of the face plate away from the base is indicative of the shrinkage occuring in the weld joint area. This displacement is measured and is used to move the base on the carriage a distance equal to one-half the displacement for aligning the weld joint with the electron beam during each welding pass.

  10. New Online Tool Creates One-Stop Shop for Federal Program Opportunities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    That Support Tribal Energy Development | Department of Energy Online Tool Creates One-Stop Shop for Federal Program Opportunities That Support Tribal Energy Development New Online Tool Creates One-Stop Shop for Federal Program Opportunities That Support Tribal Energy Development December 3, 2014 - 9:03am Addthis Today the White House Council on Native American Affairs Energy Subgroup launched a new Federal Grant, Loan, and Technical Assistance Programs for Tribal Energy Development online

  11. Feasibility of correlating V-Cr-Ti alloy weld strength with weld chemistry. CRADA final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grossbeck, M.L.; Odom, R.W.

    1998-06-01

    The mechanical properties of refractory metals such as vanadium are determined to a large extent by the interstitial impurities in the alloy. In the case of welding, interstitial impurities are introduced in the welding process from the atmosphere and by dissolution of existing precipitates in the alloy itself. Because of the necessity of having an ultra-pure atmosphere, a vacuum chamber or a glove box is necessary. In the V-Cr-Ti system, the titanium serves as a getter to control the concentration of oxygen and nitrogen in solid solution in the alloy. In this project the secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) technique was used to detect, measure, and map the spacial distribution of impurity elements in welds in the alloy V-4Cr-4Ti. An attempt was then made to correlate the concentrations and distributions of the impurities with mechanical properties of the welds. Mechanical integrity of the welds was determined by Charpy V-notch testing. Welds were prepared by the gas-tungsten-arc (GTA) method. Charpy testing established a correlation between weld impurity concentration and the ductile to brittle transition temperature (DBTT). Higher concentrations of oxygen resulted in a higher DBTT. An exception was noted in the case of a low-oxygen weld which had a high hydrogen concentration resulting in a brittle weld. The concentrations and distributions of the impurities determined by SIMS could not be correlated with the mechanical properties of the welds. This research supports efforts to develop fusion reactor first wall and blanket structural materials.

  12. Repair welding of fusion reactor components. Second year technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chin, B.A.

    1993-05-15

    Experiments have shown that irradiated Type 316 stainless steel is susceptible to heat-affected-zone (HAZ) cracking upon cooling when welded using the gas tungsten arc (GTA) process under lateral constraint. The cracking has been hypothesized to be caused by stress-assisted helium bubble growth and rupture at grain boundaries. This study utilized an experimental welding setup which enabled different compressive stresses to be applied to the plates during welding. Autogenous GTA welds were produced in Type 316 stainless steel doped with 256 appm helium. The application of a compressive stress, 55 MPa, during welding suppressed the previously observed catastrophic cracking. Detailed examinations conducted after welding showed a dramatic change in helium bubble morphology. Grain boundary bubble growth along directions parallel to the weld was suppressed. Results suggest that stress-modified welding techniques may be used to suppress or eliminate helium-induced cracking during joining of irradiated materials.

  13. Technique to eliminate helium induced weld cracking in stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chin-An Wang; Chin, B.A.; Grossbeck, M.L.

    1992-12-31

    Experiments have shown that Type 316 stainless steel is susceptible to heat-affected-zone (HAZ) cracking upon cooling when welded using the gas tungsten arc (GTA) process under lateral constraint. The cracking has been hypothesized to be caused by stress-assisted helium bubble growth and rupture at grain boundaries. This study utilized an experimental welding setup which enabled different compressive stresses to be applied to the plates during welding. Autogenous GTA welds were produced in Type 316 stainless steel doped with 256 appm helium. The application of a compressive stress, 55 Mpa, during welding suppressed the previously observed catastrophic cracking. Detailed examinations conducted after welding showed a dramatic change in helium bubble morphology. Grain boundary bubble growth along directions parallel to the weld was suppressed. Results suggest that stress-modified welding techniques may be used to suppress or eliminate helium-induced cracking during joining of irradiated materials.

  14. Apparent Welding Textures In Altered Pumice-Rich Rocks | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Apparent Welding Textures In Altered Pumice-Rich Rocks Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Apparent Welding Textures In Altered...

  15. Welding high-strength aluminum alloys at the Paton Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuchuk, Yatsenko, S.I.; Cherednichok, V.T.; Semenov, L.A. )

    1993-07-01

    The choice of the flash method for welding aluminum-alloy sections was governed first of all by the possibility of producing homogeneous-structure joints with the minimum amount of possible discontinuities and an insignificant metal strength loss in the welding zone. The aluminum alloy welding technology under consideration relies on the method of flash welding without using any protective atmospheres. The reason is first of all that a complex cross-sectional shape of workpieces being joined, their configuration and considerable overall dimensions make it difficult to use chambers of any type. Besides, conducted studies ascertained that in flash welding, in contrast to various fusion welding processes, the use of protective atmospheres or a vacuum is of little benefit. Here are the results of studying the specifics of thermal and electric processes in flashing, the physical features of weld joint formation, the basics of the welding technology, and the characteristics of the equipment.

  16. Promising Inspection Technique for Vehicle Welding Offers Efficient...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    non-destructive technology that could check all welds in real-time on the production line. ... In addition, checking materials real-time as they are being welded would allow ...

  17. Promising Inspection Technique for Vehicle Welding Offers Efficient Alternative

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The average car uses more than 4,000 spot welds to hold its parts together. While manufacturers currently inspect the quality of welds by prying apart samples, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)...

  18. Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels II...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels II Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels II 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle ...

  19. Plutonium metal and oxide container weld development and qualification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, R.; Horrell, D.R.; Hoth, C.W.; Pierce, S.W.; Rink, N.A.; Rivera, Y.M.; Sandoval, V.D.

    1996-01-01

    Welds were qualified for a container system to be used for long-term storage of plutonium metal and oxide. Inner and outer containers are formed of standard tubing with stamped end pieces gas-tungsten-arc (GTA) welded onto both ends. The weld qualification identified GTA parameters to produce a robust weld that meets the requirements of the Department of Energy standard DOE-STD-3013-94, ``Criteria for the Safe Storage of Plutonium Metals and Oxides.``

  20. EERE Success Story-Promising Inspection Technique for Vehicle Welding

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Offers Efficient Alternative | Department of Energy Promising Inspection Technique for Vehicle Welding Offers Efficient Alternative EERE Success Story-Promising Inspection Technique for Vehicle Welding Offers Efficient Alternative April 22, 2015 - 2:06pm Addthis ORNL researcher Jian Chen works with the prototype weld inspection system licensed by Tennessee-based APLAIR Manufacturing Systems. ORNL researcher Jian Chen works with the prototype weld inspection system licensed by Tennessee-based

  1. Actively controlled vibration welding system and method (Patent) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOEPatents Actively controlled vibration welding system and method Title: Actively controlled vibration welding system and method A vibration welding system includes a controller, welding horn, an active material element, and anvil assembly. The assembly may include an anvil body connected to a back plate and support member. The element, e.g., a piezoelectric stack or shape memory alloy, is positioned with respect to the assembly. The horn vibrates in a desirable first direction to form a

  2. Curtis Instruments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Instruments Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Curtis Instruments Name: Curtis Instruments Address: 200 Kisco Ave. Place: Mount Kisco, New York Zip: 10549 Region: Northeast - NY NJ...

  3. Effect of Post-Weld Heat Treatment on Creep Rupture Properties of Grade 91 Steel Heavy Section Welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Leijun

    2012-11-02

    This project will conduct a systematic metallurgical study on the effect of post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) on the creep rupture properties of P91 heavy section welds. The objective is to develop a technical guide for selecting PWHT parameters, and to predict expected creep-rupture life based on the selection of heat treatment parameters. The project consists of four interdependent tasks: Experimentally and numerically characterize the temperature fields of typical post-weld heat treatment procedures for various weld and joint configurations to be used in Gen IV systems. Characterize the microstructure of various regions, including the weld fusion zone, coarse-grain heat-affected zone, and fine-grain heat affected zone, in the welds that underwent the various welding and PWHT thermal histories. Conduct creep and creep-rupture testing of coupons extracted from actual and physically simulated welds. Establish the relationship among PWHT parameters, thermal histories, microstructure, creep, and creep-rupture properties.

  4. Apparatus for the concurrent inspection of partially completed welds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smartt, Herschel B.; Johnson, John A.; Larsen, Eric D.; Bitsoi, Rodney J.; Perrenoud, Ben C.; Miller, Karen S.; Pace, David P.

    2002-01-01

    An apparatus for the concurrent inspection of partially completed welds is described in which is utilized in combination with a moveable welder for forming a partially completed weld, and an ultrasonic generator mounted on a moveable welder in which is reciprocally moveable along a path of travel which is laterally disposed relative to the partially completed weld.

  5. REAL TIME ULTRASONIC ALUMINUM SPOT WELD MONITORING SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Regalado, W. Perez; Chertov, A. M.; Maev, R. Gr.

    2010-02-22

    Aluminum alloys pose several properties that make them one of the most popular engineering materials: they have excellent corrosion resistance, and high weight-to-strength ratio. Resistance spot welding of aluminum alloys is widely used today but oxide film and aluminum thermal and electrical properties make spot welding a difficult task. Electrode degradation due to pitting, alloying and mushrooming decreases the weld quality and adjustment of parameters like current and force is required. To realize these adjustments and ensure weld quality, a tool to measure weld quality in real time is required. In this paper, a real time ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation system for aluminum spot welds is presented. The system is able to monitor nugget growth while the spot weld is being made. This is achieved by interpreting the echoes of an ultrasound transducer located in one of the welding electrodes. The transducer receives and transmits an ultrasound signal at different times during the welding cycle. Valuable information of the weld quality is embedded in this signal. The system is able to determine the weld nugget diameter by measuring the delays of the ultrasound signals received during the complete welding cycle. The article presents the system performance on aluminum alloy AA6022.

  6. Weld overlay cladding with iron aluminides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, G.M.

    1997-12-01

    The author has established a range of compositions for these alloys within which hot cracking resistance is very good, and within which cold cracking can be avoided in many instances by careful control of welding conditions, particularly preheat and postweld heat treatment. For example, crack-free butt welds have been produced for the first time in 12-mm thick wrought Fe{sub 3}Al plate. Cold cracking, however, still remains an issue in many cases. The author has developed a commercial source for composite weld filler metals spanning a wide range of achievable aluminum levels, and are pursuing the application of these filler metals in a variety of industrial environments. Welding techniques have been developed for both the gas tungsten arc and gas metal arc processes, and preliminary work has been done to utilize the wire arc process for coating of boiler tubes. Clad specimens have been prepared for environmental testing in-house, and a number of components have been modified and placed in service in operating kraft recovery boilers. In collaboration with a commercial producer of spiral weld overlay tubing, the author is attempting to utilize the new filler metals for this novel application.

  7. Instrumentation for Nuclear Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-18

    The objective of this project was to develop and coordinate nuclear instrumentation standards with resulting economies for the nuclear and radiation fields. There was particular emphasis on coordination and management of the Nuclear Instrument Module (NIM) System, U.S. activity involving the CAMAC international standard dataway system, the FASTBUS modular high-speed data acquisition and control system and processing and management of national nuclear instrumentation and detector standards, as well as a modest amount of assistance and consultation services to the Pollutant Characterization and Safety Research Division of the Office of Health and Environmental Research. The principal accomplishments were the development and maintenance of the NIM instrumentation system that is the predominant instrumentation system in the nuclear and radiation fields worldwide, the CAMAC digital interface system in coordination with the ESONE Committee of European Laboratories, the FASTBUS high-speed system and numerous national and international nuclear instrumentation standards.

  8. ARM - Instrument - aeri

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsaeri Documentation AERI : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Instrument Categories Radiometric AERI General Overview The atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) is a ground-based instrument that measures the downwelling infrared radiance from the Earth's atmosphere. The observations have broad spectral

  9. ARM - Instrument - brs

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsbrs Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Broadband Radiometer Station (BRS) Instrument Categories Radiometric Output Value-Added Products This instrument is an input to the following value-added products, which provide improved measurements or derived quantities. 15swfanalbrs1long : Short Wave Flux Analysis: 15-min resolution on BRS data, Long algorithm

  10. ARM - Instrument - ccn

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsccn Documentation CCN : Handbook CCN : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter (CCN) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations, Aerosols The cloud condensation nuclei counter (CCN) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility instrument for measuring the

  11. ARM - Instrument - met

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmet Documentation MET : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation (MET) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the ARM Mobile Facility Surface Meteorology station (MET) General Overview The ARM Surface Meteorology Systems (MET) uses mainly conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute statistics of surface wind speed,

  12. ARM - Instrument - mfrsr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmfrsr Documentation MFRSR : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Radiometric Picture of the Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) General Overview The visible Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) is a passive instrument that measures global and diffuse

  13. ARM - Instrument - mwr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmwr Documentation MWR : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Microwave Radiometer (MWR) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling, Radiometric, Cloud Properties Picture of the Microwave Radiometer (MWR) General Overview The Microwave Radiometer (MWR) provides time-series measurements of column-integrated amounts of water vapor and liquid water. The instrument itself

  14. ARM - Instrument - nav

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnav Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Navigational Location and Attitude (NAV) Instrument Categories Ocean Observations Instruments Location Table Contacts Output Datastreams nav : Ship navigational location and attitude navgps : Ship navigational location and attitude: Position and Heading Data Primary Measurements The following measurements are those

  15. ARM - Instrument - nimfr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnimfr Documentation NIMFR : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer (NIMFR) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Aerosols Picture of the Normal Incidence Multi-Filter Radiometer (NIMFR) General Overview The Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer (NIMFR) is a ground-based instrument that provides a time series of the shortwave spectral

  16. ARM - Instrument - pils

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentspils Documentation PILS : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Particle Into Liquid Sampler (PILS) Instrument Categories Aerosols Picture of the Doppler Lidar The Particle-into-Liquid Sampler (PILS) is an aqueous-solution-based online technique for determining bulk chemical composition of ambient aerosol particles. The instrument consists of two units, briefly described

  17. ARM - Instrument - soil

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssoil Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Soil Measurement from the SGP (SOIL) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties Output Datastreams soil : ABLE: soil temperature, moisture, heat flow, 30-min avg Locations Southern Great Plains SGP A4 Browse Data Smileyberg, KS (ABLE) retired retired = Originating instrument has been retired at this location

  18. ARM - Instrument - stable

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsstable Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Stabilized Platform (STABLE) For ship-based deployments, some instruments require actively stabilized platforms to compensate for the ship's motion, especially rotations around the long axis of the ship (roll), short axis (pitch), and, for some instruments, vertical axis (yaw). ARM currently employs two types of stabilized platforms: one electrically

  19. ARM - Instrument - sws

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssws Documentation SWS : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Shortwave Spectroradiometer (SWS) Instrument Categories Radiometric General Overview The Shortwave Spectroradiometer (SWS), measures the absolute visible and near infrared spectral radiance (units of watts per meter square per nanometer per steradian) of the zenith directly above the instrument. The SWS is a

  20. ARM - Instrument - toms

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstoms Documentation TOMS : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Instrument Categories Satellite Observations General Overview Global data derived from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) instrument on the Earth Probe satellite, consisting of daily values of aerosol index, ozone and reflectivity remapped into a

  1. ARM - Instrument - twr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstwr Documentation TWR : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Facility-specific multi-level Meteorological Instrumentation (TWR) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the 60-m Tower General Overview Three tall towers are installed at Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility sites: a 60-m triangular tower at the Southern Great Plains

  2. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, CaliforniaInstruments HI to CA Deployment AMF Home Hawaii to California Home Deployment Operations Baseline Instruments Experiment Planning ACAPEX Full Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan Backgrounder (PDF) Outreach News and Press Images Contacts L. Ruby Leung, Principal Investigator Nicki Hickmon, AMF Operations Paul Ortega, AMF Operations Beat Schmid, AAF Technical Director Instruments : ACAPEX (ARM Cloud Aerosol Precip Experiment)

  3. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesAMF Deployment, Black Forest, GermanyInstruments Black Forest Deployment AMF Home Black Forest Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments CERA COPS Data University of Hohenheim COPS Website COPS Update, April 2009 Experiment Planning COPS Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan (PDF, 12.4M) Outreach COPS Backgrounder (PDF, 306K) Posters AMF Poster, German Vesion Researching Raindrops in the Black Forest News Campaign Images Instruments : Black Forest, Germany; Mobile

  4. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, HawaiiInstruments LA to Honolulu Deployment AMF Home LA to Honolulu Home Deployment Operations Baseline Instruments and Data Plots at the Archive Science Plan (PDF, 1.7MB) Experiment Planning MAGIC Full Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Brookhaven National Laboratory MAGIC Website Outreach News & Press Backgrounder (PDF, 1.3MB) MAGIC Blog Images Contacts Nicki Hickmon, AMF Operations Ernie Lewis, Principal Investigator Instruments : MAGIC (Marine

  5. ARM - Recovery Act Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ActRecovery Act Instruments Recovery Act Logo Subscribe FAQs Recovery Act Instruments Recovery Act Fact Sheet March 2010 Poster (PDF, 10MB) External Resources Recovery Act - Federal Recovery Act - DOE Recovery Act - ANL Recovery Act - BNL Recovery Act - LANL Recovery Act - PNNL Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Recovery Act Instruments These pages provide a breakdown of the new instruments planned for installation among the

  6. ARM - Instrument - precnet

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    considered scientifically relevant. Precipitation Locations Southern Great Plains SGP A1 Browse Data Whitewater, KS (ABLE) retired retired Originating instrument has been...

  7. ARM - Instrument - gps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    : Global Positioning System (GPS) Note: gps is currently inactive andor retired. Active Dates 1970.01.01 - 1970.01.01 Instrument Categories Other General Overview Global...

  8. ARM - Instrument - sacr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    : Scanning ARM cloud radar (SACR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Contact(s) Karen Johnson Brookhaven National Laboratory (631) 344-5952 kjohnson@bnl.gov Nitin...

  9. ARM - Instrument - rss-2

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    be better than 5%, which includes calibration and instrument stability errors. Higher accuracy (1%) can be obtained when the responsivity is tied to the solar...

  10. ARM - Instrument - rss

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    be better than 5%, which includes calibration and instrument stability errors. Higher accuracy (1%) can be obtained when the responsivity is tied to the solar...

  11. ARM - Campaign Instrument - rl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Instrument Categories Aerosols, Atmospheric Profiling Campaigns Remote Cloud Sensing (RCS) Field Evaluation Download Data Southern Great Plains, 1994.04.01 - 1994.05.31...

  12. ARM - Campaign Instrument - wsicloud

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    (WSICLOUD) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Campaigns Remote Cloud Sensing (RCS) Field Evaluation Download Data Southern Great Plains, 1995.04.01 - 1995.05.31 The...

  13. ARM - Campaign Instrument - wcm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Instrument Categories Airborne Observations, Cloud Properties Campaigns Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP): Aerial Campaign Download Data Cape Cod, MA, USA; Mobile Facility ...

  14. ARM - Campaign Instrument - dlh

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Laser Hygrometer (DLH) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations Campaigns ARM-FIRE Water Vapor Experiment Download Data Southern Great Plains, 2000.11.01 - 2000.12.31...

  15. ARM - Campaign Instrument - twrmr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mixing Ratio (TWRMR) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling Campaigns Fall 1997 Water Vapor IOP Download Data Southern Great Plains, 1997.09.15 - 1997.10.05 Water...

  16. ARM - Instrument - disdrometer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Australia retired retired Originating instrument has been retired at this location Contact(s) Mary Jane Bartholomew Brookhaven National Laboratory (631) 344-2444 bartholomew@bnl...

  17. ARM - Instrument - issrwp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models Output Datastreams 915issrwpwindcon : Derived: wind data from the 915RWP (consensus) and sonde, at altitude Primary Measurements ...

  18. RCRA Facility Investigation/Remedial Investigation Report with the Baseline Risk Assessment for the 716-A Motor Shops Seepage Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmer, E.

    1997-08-25

    This document describes the RCRA Facility Investigation/Remedial Investigation/Baseline Risk Assessment of the 716-A Motor Shops Seepage Basin.

  19. Weld overlay coatings for erosion control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levin, B.; DuPont, J.N.; Marder, A.R.

    1993-03-03

    A literature review was made. In spite of similarities between abrasive wear and solid particle erosion, weld overlay hardfacing alloys that exhibit high abrasion resistance may not necessarily have good erosion resistance. The performance of weld overlay hardfacing alloys in erosive environments has not been studied in detail. It is believed that primary-solidified hard phases such as carbides and intermetallic compounds have a strong influence on erosion resistance of weld overlay hardfacing alloys. However, relationships between size, shape, and volume fraction of hard phases in a hardfacing alloys and erosion resistance were not established. Almost all hardfacing alloys can be separated into two major groups based upon chemical compositions of the primary solidified hard phases: (a) carbide hardening alloys (Co-base/carbide, WC-Co and some Fe base superalloys); and (b) intermetallic hardening alloys (Ni-base alloys, austenitic steels, iron-aluminides).

  20. Actively controlled vibration welding system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cai, Wayne W.; Kang, Bongsu; Tan, Chin-An

    2013-04-02

    A vibration welding system includes a controller, welding horn, an active material element, and anvil assembly. The assembly may include an anvil body connected to a back plate and support member. The element, e.g., a piezoelectric stack or shape memory alloy, is positioned with respect to the assembly. The horn vibrates in a desirable first direction to form a weld on a work piece. The element controls any vibrations in a second direction by applying calibrated response to the anvil body in the second direction. A method for controlling undesirable vibrations in the system includes positioning the element with respect to the anvil assembly, connecting the anvil body to the support member through the back plate, vibrating the horn in a desirable first direction, and transmitting an input signal to the element to control vibration in an undesirable second direction.

  1. Evaluation of the intermittent GTA cold wire feed weld system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dereskiewicz, J.P.

    1991-08-01

    An intermittent gas tungsten arc cold wire feed process was statistically evaluated to determine the feasibility of applying this process to meet the 0.030-inch weld penetration and peak temperature requirements when unfavorable joint tolerances exist on a subassembly weld. The wire feed system was determined to only slightly benefit the welding process over normal pulsed gas tungsten arc welding using traditional wire feeding capabilities. However, the complexity of this process and extensive welding operator training and qualification does not outweigh the benefits of incorporating this synchronized pulse wire feed system in production. 2 refs., 43 figs., 11 tabs.

  2. Method and apparatus for welding precipitation hardenable materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Murray, Jr., Holt; Harris, Ian D.; Ratka, John O.; Spiegelberg, William D.

    1994-01-01

    A method for welding together members consisting of precipitation age hardened materials includes the steps of selecting a weld filler material that has substantially the same composition as the materials being joined, and an age hardening characteristic temperature age threshold below that of the aging kinetic temperature range of the materials being joined, whereby after welding the members together, the resulting weld and heat affected zone (HAZ) are heat treated at a temperature below that of the kinetic temperature range of the materials joined, for obtaining substantially the same mechanical characteristics for the weld and HAZ, as for the parent material of the members joined.

  3. Method and apparatus for welding precipitation hardenable materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Murray, H. Jr.; Harris, I.D.; Ratka, J.O.; Spiegelberg, W.D.

    1994-06-28

    A method for welding together members consisting of precipitation age hardened materials includes the steps of selecting a weld filler material that has substantially the same composition as the materials being joined, and an age hardening characteristic temperature age threshold below that of the aging kinetic temperature range of the materials being joined, whereby after welding the members together, the resulting weld and heat affected zone (HAZ) are heat treated at a temperature below that of the kinetic temperature range of the materials joined, for obtaining substantially the same mechanical characteristics for the weld and HAZ, as for the parent material of the members joined. 5 figures.

  4. Residual stresses in weld overlay tubes: A finite element study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taljat, B.; Zacharia, T.; Wang, X.L.; Keiser, J.R.; Feng, Z.; Jirinec, M.J.

    1997-01-03

    Residual stresses and strains in a tube with circumferential weld overlay were analyzed by the finite element (FE) method. The objective of this work was to develop and verify a FE model, to determine the magnitude and distribution of residual stresses in the weld overlay tube, and to evaluate the significance of two contributing factors to residual stress: (1) difference in material properties between tube and weld material, and (2) thermal gradients in the weld. An axisymmetric FE model was developed to simulate the circumferential two-layer welding process of alloy 625 overlay on SA210 tube. The first layer was modeled as a gas metal arc welding process with filler metal, whereas the autogenous gas tungsten arc welding process was modeled for the second layer. Neutron diffraction technique was used to experimentally determine residual elastic strains in the weld overlay tube. Comparison with the FE results shows overall good agreement. Both the experimental and FE results show high compressive stresses at the inside tube surface and high tensile stresses in the weld overlay. This suggests that weld overlay may be used to relieve tensile or produce compressive stresses at the inside tube surface, which is significant for applications where crack initiation is found at the root pass of the joining weld.

  5. Method for producing titanium aluminide weld rod

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hansen, Jeffrey S.; Turner, Paul C.; Argetsinger, Edward R.

    1995-01-01

    A process for producing titanium aluminide weld rod comprising: attaching one end of a metal tube to a vacuum line; placing a means between said vacuum line and a junction of the metal tube to prevent powder from entering the vacuum line; inducing a vacuum within the tube; placing a mixture of titanium and aluminum powder in the tube and employing means to impact the powder in the tube to a filled tube; heating the tube in the vacuum at a temperature sufficient to initiate a high-temperature synthesis (SHS) reaction between the titanium and aluminum; and lowering the temperature to ambient temperature to obtain a intermetallic titanium aluminide alloy weld rod.

  6. Side-welded fast response sheathed thermocouple

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carr, Kenneth R.

    1981-01-01

    A method of fabricating the measuring junction of a grounded-junction sheathed thermocouple to obtain fast time response and good thermal cycling performance is provided. Slots are tooled or machined into the sheath wall at the measuring junction, the thermocouple wires are laser-welded into the slots. A thin metal closure cap is then laser-welded over the end of the sheath. Compared to a conventional grounded-junction thermocouple, the response time is 4-5 times faster and the thermal shock and cycling capabilities are substantially improved.

  7. ARM - Instrument - mti

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmti Documentation MTI : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties

  8. ARM - Word Seek: Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Instruments Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Word Seek: Instruments

  9. Method for the concurrent ultrasonic inspection of partially completed welds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, John A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Larsen, Eric D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Miller, Karen S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Smartt, Herschel B. (Idaho Falls, ID); McJunkin, Timothy R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01

    A method for the concurrent ultrasonic inspection of partially completed welds is disclosed and which includes providing a pair of transducers which are individually positioned on the opposite sides of a partially completed weld to be inspected; moving the transducers along the length of and laterally inwardly and outwardly relative to the partially completed weld; pulsing the respective transducers to produce an ultrasonic signal which passes through or is reflected from the partially completed weld; receiving from the respective transducers ultrasonic signals which pass through or are reflected from the partially completed welds; and analyzing the ultrasonic signal which has passed through or is reflected from the partially completed weld to determine the presence of any weld defects.

  10. A residual stress study in similar and dissimilar welds

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Eisazadeh, Hamid; Goldak, John A.; Aidun, Daryush K.; Coules, Harry E.; Bunn, Jeffrey R; Achuthan, A.

    2016-04-01

    Residual strain distributions in similar and dissimilar welds were measured using neutron diffraction (ND) method. Then, using three strain components, three-dimensional stress states were calculated. The results were used to determine the effect of the martensitic phase transformation and material properties on residual stress (RS) distribution. It was observed that smaller longitudinal RS was induced in the low carbon steel side of dissimilar weld when compared to its similar weld. Also, it was found that the transverse RS near and within the weld zone (WZ) in dissimilar weld exhibited a distinctive trend, with tensile mode reaching the yield strength ofmore » the base metal (BM). In order to characterize the WZ in dissimilar weld, we deployed optical microscopy, hardness, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX). This study not only provides further insight into the RS state in similar and dissimilar welds; it also delivers important consequences of phase transformation in the latter case.« less

  11. Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Fusion Welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Wei [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    In fusion welding, parts are joined together by melting and subsequent solidification. Although this principle is simple, complex transport phenomena take place during fusion welding, and they determine the final weld quality and performance. The heat and mass transfer in the weld pool directly affect the size and shape of the pool, the solidification microstructure, the formation of weld defects such as porosity and humping, and the temperature distribution in the fusion zone and heat-affected zone (HAZ). Furthermore, the temperature evolution affects the kinetics and extent of various solid-state phase transformations, which in turn determine the final weld microstructure and mechanical properties. The formation of residual stresses and distortion originates from the thermal expansion and contraction during welding heating and cooling, respectively.

  12. Friction Stir Spot Welding of DP780 Carbon Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santella, M. L.; Hovanski, Yuri; Frederick, Alan; Grant, Glenn J.; Dahl, Michael E.

    2009-09-15

    Friction stir spot welds were made in uncoated and galvannneled DP780 sheets using polycrystalline boron nitride stir tools. The tools were plunged at either a single continuous rate or in two segments consisting of a relatively high rate followed by a slower rate of shorter depth. Welding times ranged from 1-10 s. Increasing tool rotation speed from 800 to 1600 rpm increased strength values. The 2-segment welding procedures also produced higher strength joints. Average lap-shear strengths exceeding 10.3 kN were consistently obtained in 4 s on both the uncoated and the galvannealed DP780. The likelihood of diffusion and mechanical interlocking contributing to bond formation was supported by metallographic examinations. A cost analysis based on spot welding in automobile assembly showed that for friction stir spot welding to be economically competitive with resistance spot welding the cost of stir tools must approach that of resistance spot welding electrode tips.

  13. Microstructure Improvement in Weld Metal under the Ultrasonic Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cui, Yan; Xu, Cailu; Han, Qingyou

    2007-01-01

    When considering the operational performance of weldments in the engineering projects, the most important issues to be considered are weld metal mechanical properties, integrity of the welded joint, and weldability 1 . These issues are closely related to the microstructure of the weld metal. A significant amount of research has been carried out to alter the process variables and to use external devices to obtain microstructure control of the weldments. It has been reported that grain refined microstructure not only reduces cracking behavior of alloys including solidification cracking, cold cracking and reheat cracking, 2 - 5 but also improves the mechanical properties of the weld metal, such as toughness, ductility, strength, and fatigue life. 6, 7 Weld pool stirring, 8 arc oscillation, 9, 10 arc pulsation, 11 , and magnetic arc oscillator 12, 13 have been applied to fusion welding to refine the microstructures. This article describes initial experimental results on the use of power ultrasonic vibration to refine the microstructure of weld metals.

  14. Welding and Weldability of Thorium-Doped Iridium Alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David, S.A.; Ohriner, E.K.; King, J.F.

    2000-03-12

    Ir-0.3%W alloys doped with thorium are currently used as post-impact containment material for radioactive fuel in thermoelectric generators that provide stable electrical power for a variety of outer planetary space exploration missions. Welding and weldability of a series of alloys was investigated using arc and laser welding processes. Some of these alloys are prone to severe hot-cracking during welding. Weldability of these alloys was characterized using Sigmajig weldability test. Hot-cracking is influenced to a great extent by the fusion zone microstructure and composition. Thorium content and welding atmosphere were found to be very critical. The weld cracking behavior in these alloys can be controlled by modifying the fusion zone microstructure. Fusion zone microstructure was found to be controlled by welding process, process parameters, and the weld pool shape.

  15. Intermetallic alloy welding wires and method for fabricating the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Santella, Michael L.; Sikka, Vinod K.

    1996-01-01

    Welding wires for welding together intermetallic alloys of nickel aluminides, nickel-iron aluminides, iron aluminides, or titanium aluminides, and preferably including additional alloying constituents are fabricated as two-component, clad structures in which one component contains the primary alloying constituent(s) except for aluminum and the other component contains the aluminum constituent. This two-component approach for fabricating the welding wire overcomes the difficulties associated with mechanically forming welding wires from intermetallic alloys which possess high strength and limited ductilities at elevated temperatures normally employed in conventional metal working processes. The composition of the clad welding wires is readily tailored so that the welding wire composition when melted will form an alloy defined by the weld deposit which substantially corresponds to the composition of the intermetallic alloy being joined.

  16. Intermetallic alloy welding wires and method for fabricating the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Santella, M.L.; Sikka, V.K.

    1996-06-11

    Welding wires for welding together intermetallic alloys of nickel aluminides, nickel-iron aluminides, iron aluminides, or titanium aluminides, and preferably including additional alloying constituents are fabricated as two-component, clad structures in which one component contains the primary alloying constituent(s) except for aluminum and the other component contains the aluminum constituent. This two-component approach for fabricating the welding wire overcomes the difficulties associated with mechanically forming welding wires from intermetallic alloys which possess high strength and limited ductilities at elevated temperatures normally employed in conventional metal working processes. The composition of the clad welding wires is readily tailored so that the welding wire composition when melted will form an alloy defined by the weld deposit which substantially corresponds to the composition of the intermetallic alloy being joined. 4 figs.

  17. Causal Factors of Weld Porosity in Gas Tungsten Arc Welding of Powder Metallurgy Produced Titanium Alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muth, Thomas R; Yamamoto, Yukinori; Frederick, David Alan; Contescu, Cristian I; Chen, Wei; Lim, Yong Chae; Peter, William H; Feng, Zhili

    2013-01-01

    ORNL undertook an investigation using gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding on consolidated powder metallurgy (PM) titanium (Ti) plate, to identify the causal factors behind observed porosity in fusion welding. Tramp element compounds of sodium and magnesium, residual from the metallothermic reduction of titanium chloride used to produce the titanium, were remnant in the starting powder and were identified as gas forming species. PM-titanium made from revert scrap where sodium and magnesium were absent, showed fusion weld porosity, although to a lesser degree. We show that porosity was attributable to hydrogen from adsorbed water on the surface of the powders prior to consolidation. The removal / minimization of both adsorbed water on the surface of titanium powder and the residues from the reduction process prior to consolidation of titanium powders, are critical to achieve equivalent fusion welding success similar to that seen in wrought titanium produced via the Kroll process.

  18. HEAT INPUT AND POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT EFFECTS ON REDUCED-ACTIVATION FERRITIC/MARTENSITIC STEEL FRICTION STIR WELDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang, Wei; Chen, Gaoqiang; Chen, Jian; Yu, Xinghua; Frederick, David Alan; Feng, Zhili

    2015-01-01

    Reduced-activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steels are an important class of structural materials for fusion reactor internals developed in recent years because of their improved irradiation resistance. However, they can suffer from welding induced property degradations. In this paper, a solid phase joining technology friction stir welding (FSW) was adopted to join a RAFM steel Eurofer 97 and different FSW parameters/heat input were chosen to produce welds. FSW response parameters, joint microstructures and microhardness were investigated to reveal relationships among welding heat input, weld structure characterization and mechanical properties. In general, FSW heat input results in high hardness inside the stir zone mostly due to a martensitic transformation. It is possible to produce friction stir welds similar to but not with exactly the same base metal hardness when using low power input because of other hardening mechanisms. Further, post weld heat treatment (PWHT) is a very effective way to reduce FSW stir zone hardness values.

  19. Shielding gas selection for increased weld penetration and productivity in GTA welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leinonen, J.I.

    1996-12-31

    The effects of hydrogen and helium additions to the argon shielding gas on GTA weld pool profiles in the case of two austenitic stainless steel sheets 3 mm thick are investigated here in detail. One of the test steels shows good weldability, with a relatively deep, narrow weld pool profile, but the other is poorly weldable, with a shallow, wide weld pool when argon shielding gas is used. Bead-on-plate test welds were produced with arc shields of argon, argon with hydrogen additions of 2 to 18.2% and argon with helium additions of 20 to 80%. The hydrogen additions increases the depth of weld penetration in both test steels, but productivity with respect to maximum welding speed can be improved to an accepted level only with steel sheets of good weldability in terms of a relatively high depth/width (D/W) ratio. The depth of penetration in the test steel of good weldability increased somewhat with helium additions and the D/W ratio remained unchanged, while these parameters increased markedly in the poorly weldable steel when a He-20% Ar shielding gas was used and resembled those of the more weldable steel.

  20. ARM - Instrument - aeth

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsaeth Documentation AETH : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Aethalometer (AETH) Instrument Categories Aerosols Picture of the Aerosol Observing System The aethalometer is an instrument that provides a real-time readout of the concentration of "black" or "elemental" carbon aerosol particles (BC or E) in an air stream. It is a self-contained

  1. ARM - Instrument - blc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsblc Documentation BLC : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Belfort Laser Ceilometer (BLC) Note: blc is currently inactive and/or retired. Active Dates 1994.08.11 - 2000.05.23 Instrument Categories Cloud Properties General Overview NOTE: THIS INSTRUMENT WAS REPLACED BY A VAISALA 25K CEILOMETER IN THE SUMMER OF 2000. The Belfort laser ceilometer (BLC) Model 7013C field

  2. ARM - Instrument - mwacr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmwacr Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Marine W-Band (95 GHz) ARM Cloud Radar (MWACR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties This instrument started as the zenith pointing WACR at SGP then was converted to the scanning SWACR and deployed with AMF1. For the MAGIC campaign, MWACR was put on a stabilized platform, but only in zenith pointing mode for now. Later it

  3. ARM - Instrument - rain

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsrain Documentation RAIN : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Rain Gauge (RAIN) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology General Overview One of the tipping bucket rain gauges at the Southern Great Plains facility. A rain gauge (RAIN) is an instrument that gathers and measures the amount of liquid precipitation over a set period of time. ARM uses two types of rain

  4. ARM - Instrument - rl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsrl Documentation RL : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Raman Lidar (RL) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling, Aerosols Picture of the Raman Lidar (RL) General Overview The Raman Lidar (RL) is an active, ground-based laser remote sensing instrument that measures vertical profiles of water-vapor mixing ratio and several cloud- and aerosol-related quantities.

  5. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hyytiälä, FinlandInstruments Hyytiälä Deployment AMF Home Hyytiälä Home Experiment Planning Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan Deployment Operations Baseline Instruments and Data Plots at the Archive BAECC Instruments AMF2 Management and Operations Outreach News & Press BAECC Blog Backgrounder (PDF, 1.5MB) Poster (JPEG, 1.3MB) Education Flyer (English) (PDF, 1.3MB) Education Flyer (Finnish) (PDF, 1.3MB) Images Contacts Nicki Hickmon, AMF Operations Tuukka Petäjä, Principal

  6. CRAD, Welding, Cutting and Brazing Assessment Plan

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This assessment is to verify hot work requirements associated with welding, cutting, burning, brazing, grinding and other spark- or flame-producing operations have been implemented. Verify that the requirements implemented are appropriate for preventing loss of life and property from fire, and personal injury from contact with or exposure to molten metals, vapors, radiant energy, injurious rays and sparks.

  7. Defect distributions in weld-deposited cladding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Y.Y.; Mabe, W.R.

    1998-11-01

    Defect distributions in stainless steel and nickel-chromium alloy weld-deposited cladding over a low alloy steel base were characterized by destructive evaluation (DE). An evaluation of the observed defects was conducted to characterize the defects by type or classification. Size distributions of cladding defect types were developed from the information obtained. This paper presents the results of the cladding evaluation.

  8. Capacitor discharge process for welding braided cable

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilson, Rick D.

    1995-01-01

    A capacitor discharge process for welding a braided cable formed from a plurality of individual cable strands to a solid metallic electrically conductive member comprises the steps of: (a) preparing the electrically conductive member for welding by bevelling one of its end portions while leaving an ignition projection extending outwardly from the apex of the bevel; (b) clamping the electrically conductive member in a cathode fixture; (c) connecting the electrically conductive member clamped in the cathode fixture to a capacitor bank capable of being charged to a preselected voltage value; (d) preparing the braided cable for welding by wrapping one of its end portions with a metallic sheet to form a retaining ring operable to maintain the individual strands of the braided cable in fixed position within the retaining ring; (e) clamping the braided cable and the retaining ring as a unit in an anode fixture so that the wrapped end portion of the braided cable faces the ignition projection of the electrically conductive member; and (f) moving the cathode fixture towards the anode fixture until the ignition projection of the electrically conductive member contacts the end portion of the braided cable thereby allowing the capacitor bank to discharge through the electrically conductive member and through the braided cable and causing the electrically conductive member to be welded to the braided cable via capacitor discharge action.

  9. Non-Vacuum Electron Beam Welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hershcovitch, Ady

    2007-01-31

    Original objectives of CRADA number BNL-01-03 between BNL and Acceleron, Inc., were to further develop the Plasma Window concept (a BNL invention covered by US Patent number 5,578,831), mate the Plasma Window to an existing electron beam welder to perform in-air electron beam welding, and mount the novel nonvacuum electron beam welder on a robot arm. Except for the last objective, all other goals were met or exceeded. Plasma Window design and operation was enhanced during the project, and it was successfully mated to a conventional4 kW electron beam welder. Unprecedented high quality non-vacuum electron beam . welding was demonstrated. Additionally, a new invention the Plasma Shield (US Patent number 7,075,030) that chemically and thermally shields a target object was set forth. Great interest in the new technology was shown by a number of industries and three arcs were sold for experimental use. However, the welding industry requested demonstration of high speed welding, which requires 100 kW electron beam welders. The cost of such a welder involved the need for additional funding. Therefore, some of the effort was directed towards Plasma Shield development. Although relatively a small portion of the R&D effort was spent on the Plasma Shield, some very encouraging results were obtained. Inair Plasma Shield was demonstrated. With only a partial shield, enhanced vacuum separation and cleaner welds were realized. And, electron beam propagation in atmosphere improved by a factor of about 3. Benefits to industry are the introduction of two new technologies. BNL benefited from licensing fee cash, from partial payment for employee salary, and from a new patent In addition to financial benefits, a new technology for physics studies was developed. Recommendations for future work are to develop an under-water plasma shield, perform welding with high-power electron beam:s, carry out other plasma shielded electron beam and laser processes. Potential benefits from further R

  10. Resistance Weld Qualification Analysis for Radioactive Waste Canisters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, N.K.; Gong, C.

    1995-01-10

    High level radioactive waste canisters are sealed by resistance upset welding to ensure leak tight closures. Resistance welding is fast, uniform, and can be performed remotely to minimize radiation exposure to the operators. Canisters are constructed in accordance with ASME Band PV Code, Section VIII, Division 1, however, the resistance welds are not used in Section VIII. The resistance welds are qualified by analysis using material properties obtained from the test coupons. Burst tests are performed on canister welds to meet ASME Section IX welder qualification requirements. Since burst tests are not used in Section IX for resistance weld qualification, finite element results of canister resistance welds are compared with the finite element analysis results of resistance weld tests in ASME Section IX, QW-196 to establish similarity between the two weld tests. Detailed analyses show that the primary mode of failure in both the tests is shear and, therefore, the use of burst test in place of shear test is acceptable. It is believed that the detailed analyses and results could help in establishing acceptance criteria for resistance upset welding in ASME B&PV Code, Sections VIII, and IX.

  11. Thermocapillary and arc phenomena in stainless steel welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, S.W.; Olson, D.L.; Burgardt, P.

    1999-02-01

    This investigation characterized the effects of power level and Gaussian heat source size on thermocapillary-induced weld shape and estimated the relative influence of various possible arc phenomena in determining weld shape. Welds made with the CTAW process were compared with similar ones made with a conduction-mode EBW process and the differences were related to arc effects. Evidence of thermocapillary flow was readily apparent in both the GTA welds and the conduction-mode EB welds and was qualitatively similar in both. The similarity between the results obtained with the two processes serves to demonstrate that thermocapillary convection is the dominant factor in heat-to-heat weld shape variability. However, a similar one-to-one correspondence between welds produced with the two processes does not exist. Especially at high power, the EB welds showed stronger thermocapillary convection than the GTA welds. One important arc factor that limits thermocapillary flow in ar welds appears to be an increase in arc size with arc length and arc current. A non-Gaussian arc power distribution in GTAW seems to be most important in limiting the fluid flow. Apparently, the arc power distribution is more nearly rectangular in shape for an argon gas arc. At higher currents, above 200 A, plasma shear force may also be an important contributor to weld shape development. The conduction-mode EB welds demonstrate that thermocapillary flow reversal probably does not occur in welds made with a simple Gaussian heat source. The complex shape behavior is likely a result of an arc effect such as plasma shear.

  12. ARM - Instrument - cfh

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscfh Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Error occurred. Instrument "cfh

  13. ARM - Instrument - marinemet

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmarinemet Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Error occurred. Instrument "marinemet" does not exist.

  14. ARM - Instrument - pgsiso

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentspgsiso Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Error occurred. Instrument "pgsiso" does not exist.

  15. ARM - Instrument - radiocarbon

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsradiocarbon Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Error occurred. Instrument "radiocarbon" does not exist.

  16. ARM - Instrument - vdis

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Video Disdrometer ... The 2-dimensional video-disdrometer (vdis) is comprised of video cameras capable of ...

  17. ARM - Campaign Instrument - cirpas

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscirpas Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NPS CIRPAS Twin Otter Aircraft (CIRPAS)...

  18. ARM - Campaign Instrument - tdlas

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstdlas Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Tunable Diode Laser Absorption...

  19. ARM - Campaign Instrument - soar

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssoar Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Shipboard Oceanographic and Atmospheric...

  20. ARM - Campaign Instrument - teom

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsteom Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance...

  1. ARM - Campaign Instrument - smart

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssmart Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Surface-Sensing Measurements for...

  2. ARM - Campaign Instrument - hvps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentshvps Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : High Volume Precipitation Spectrometer...

  3. ARM - Campaign Instrument - issrwp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsissrwp Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : 915RWP Derived Data with Sonde at...

  4. ARM - Instrument - spn

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsspn Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Sunshine Pyranometer (SPN) The...

  5. ARM - Campaign Instrument - ronbrown

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsronbrown Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NOAA Research Vessel Ron Brown...

  6. ARM - Campaign Instrument - hsrl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentshsrl Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL)...

  7. ARM - Campaign Instrument - precipret

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsprecipret Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Precipitation Retrievals (PRECIPRET)...

  8. ARM - Campaign Instrument - aats

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsaats Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Ames Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer...

  9. ARM - Campaign Instrument - mmwr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmmwr Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Millimeter Wave Radiometer (MMWR)...

  10. ARM - Campaign Instrument - csr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscsr Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Circular Scanning Radiometer (CSR)...

  11. ARM - Campaign Instrument - cavity

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscavity Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Absolute Cavity Radiometer (CAVITY)...

  12. ARM - Campaign Instrument - scocec

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsscocec Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Semi-Continuous Organic Carbon...

  13. ARM - Campaign Instrument - fcdp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsfcdp Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Fast cloud droplet probe (FCDP)...

  14. ARM - Campaign Instrument - parsl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsparsl Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : PNNL's Atmospheric Remote Sensing...

  15. ARM - Campaign Instrument - noaasurf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnoaasurf Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data,...

  16. ARM - Campaign Instrument - lase

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentslase Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : LASE-airborne Dial System (LASE)...

  17. ARM - Campaign Instrument - wpdngps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentswpdngps Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Wind Profiler Demonstration Network...

  18. ARM - Campaign Instrument - visst

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsvisst Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst...

  19. ARM - Campaign Instrument - tem

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstem Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)...

  20. ARM - Campaign Instrument - rad

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsrad Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Radiation Measurements at AMF (RAD)...

  1. ARM - Campaign Instrument - precipiso

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsprecipiso Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Stable Isotope from Precipitation...

  2. ARM - Campaign Instrument - sondeadjust

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssondeadjust Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Sonde Adjust (SONDEADJUST)...

  3. ARM - Campaign Instrument - mirai

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmirai Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai (MIRAI)...

  4. ARM - Campaign Instrument - rss

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsrss Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer...

  5. ARM - Campaign Instrument - isar

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsisar Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Infrared seasurface skin temperature...

  6. ARM - Campaign Instrument - towerflux

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstowerflux Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Tower Flux Measurements (TOWERFLUX)...

  7. ARM - Campaign Instrument - fluxnet

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsfluxnet Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : FluxNet: Network of Regional CO2 and...

  8. ARM - Campaign Instrument - cvi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscvi Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NCAR Counterflow Virtual Impactor (CVI)...

  9. ARM - Campaign Instrument - ecmwf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsecmwf Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : European Centre for Medium Range Weather...

  10. ARM - Campaign Instrument - nip

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnip Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Normal Incident Pyrheliometer (NIP)...

  11. ARM - Campaign Instrument - clddigcam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsclddigcam Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Cloud Digital Camera (CLDDIGCAM)...

  12. ARM - Campaign Instrument - glidersonde

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsglidersonde Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Glidersonde (Oklahoma University)...

  13. ARM - Campaign Instrument - ecor

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsecor Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System...

  14. ARM - Campaign Instrument - npol

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnpol Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NASA N-POL Polarimetric Radar System...

  15. ARM - Instrument - nwsup

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnwsup Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : National Weather Service Upper Air...

  16. ARM - Instrument - nwssurf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnwssurf Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : National Weather Service Surface...

  17. ARM - Campaign Instrument - sdms

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssdms Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : snow depth measurement system (SDMS)...

  18. ARM - Campaign Instrument - msr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmsr Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Multi-wavelength Scanning Radiometer (MSR)...

  19. ARM - Campaign Instrument - hop

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentshop Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Helicopter Observation Platform (HOP)...

  20. ARM - Campaign Instrument - csi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscsi Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Cloud Spectrometer and Impactor (CSI)...

  1. ARM - Instrument - ceilpblht

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsceilpblht Documentation Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Error occurred. Instrument "ceilpblht" does...

  2. ARM - Campaign Instrument - rsr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsrsr Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Rotating Shading-arm Radiometer (RSR)...

  3. ARM - Campaign Instrument - goes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsgoes Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Geostationary Operational Environmental...

  4. ARM - Campaign Instrument - iap

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsiap Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : In-situ Aerosol Profiles (Cessna Aerosol...

  5. ARM - Campaign Instrument - tcrsr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstcrsr Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Thin Cloud Rotating Shadowband...

  6. ARM - Campaign Instrument - palms

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentspalms Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Particle Analysis by Laser Mass...

  7. ARM - Campaign Instrument - mplnor

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmplnor Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Normalized Backscatter Profiles from...

  8. ARM - Campaign Instrument - sfcmetumiami

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssfcmetumiami Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : University of Miami Surface...

  9. ARM - Campaign Instrument - asd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsasd Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Analytical Spectral Devices Field...

  10. ARM - Campaign Instrument - replicator

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsreplicator Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Balloon-borne Ice Crystal...

  11. ARM - Campaign Instrument - qmeaerilbl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsqmeaerilbl Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Comparison of Statistics or Clouds...

  12. ARM - Instrument - gp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Global Positioning System (GP) <-- Picture of the Global Positioning System (GPS) --> General...

  13. ARM - Campaign Instrument - gpswv

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsgpswv Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Water Vapor from Global Positioning...

  14. ARM - Instrument Location Table

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Site abbreviations explained in the key. Instrument Name Abbreviation ENA NSA SGP AMF C1 ... XSAPR KEY ENA C1 Eastern North Atlantic NSA C1 Barrow, Alaska NSA EF Extended Facility ...

  15. ARM - Campaign Instrument - solarirrads

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Solar and ... Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, ...

  16. ARM - Instrument - vceil

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsvceil Documentation VCEIL : Handbook Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Error occurred. Instrument "vceil" does not exist

  17. New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bulbs | Department of Energy New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light Bulbs New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light Bulbs January 25, 2012 - 5:52am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory If you're like me, it sometimes feels overwhelming standing at the store and staring at a big wall of light bulbs, trying to understand all the lighting choices. With new lighting standards

  18. How Will You Shop for Your Next Vehicle? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Shop for Your Next Vehicle? How Will You Shop for Your Next Vehicle? July 28, 2011 - 11:41am Addthis On Monday, Shannon talked about how she's been using the online tools from the Advanced Technology Vehicle Data Center (AFDC) to help her decide what type of highly efficient vehicle may be best for her household. The AFDC provides excellent information such as a Light Duty Vehicle Search, an Alternative Fueling Station Locator, and a Hybrid and Plug-in Electric Vehicles section. All of these are

  19. ARM - Instrument - acars

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsacars Documentation ACARS : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) Note: acars is currently inactive and/or retired. Active Dates 1998.09.22 - 2008.05.31 Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling General Overview The Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) is managed by

  20. ARM - Instrument - acsm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsacsm Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) Instrument Categories Aerosols The Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor is a thermal vaporization, electron impact ionization mass spectrometer that measures bulk chemical composition of the non-refractory component of sub-micron aerosol particles in real time with typically

  1. ARM - Instrument - amc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsamc Documentation AMC : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ameriflux Measurement Component (AMC) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties, Radiometric Picture of the Doppler Lidar General Overview An Ameriflux Measurement Component (AMC) system was installed at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research

  2. ARM - Instrument - aos

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsaos Documentation AOS : Handbook AOS : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Aerosol Observing System (AOS) Instrument Categories Aerosols Picture of the Aerosol Observing System General Overview The aerosol observing system (AOS) is the primary Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) platform for in situ aerosol measurements at the surface. The principal

  3. ARM - Instrument - aosmet

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsaosmet Documentation AOSMET : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System (AOSMET) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Surface Meteorology Standard meteorological measurements of the ambient temperature, pressure, relative humidity, and wind speed and direction intended solely for the purpose of analyzing the

  4. ARM - Instrument - aps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsaps Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS) Instrument Categories Aerosols The APS is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS). See Also Contact(s) Robert Bullard Brookhaven National Laboratory associate (631)-344-3330 rbullard@bnl.gov Annette Koontz Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Developer (509) 375-3609

  5. ARM - Instrument - asti

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsasti Documentation ASTI : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Absolute Solar Transmittance Interferometer (ASTI) Instrument Categories Radiometric General Overview The absolute solar transmittance interferometer (ASTI) provides calibrated spectra of the solar irradiance at the surface of the earth over a wavelength region from 1 to 5 microns at a resolution of 2

  6. ARM - Instrument - avhrr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsavhrr Documentation AVHRR : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Instrument Categories Satellite Observations General Overview Measurements from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the NOAA polar orbiting satellites taken over the NSA, SHB, SGP, and TWP sites are available for distribution to

  7. ARM - Instrument - bsrn

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsbsrn Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Baseline Solar Radiation Network (BSRN) Note: bsrn is currently inactive and/or retired. Active Dates 1993.07.01 - 2001.01.22 Instrument Categories Radiometric Output Datastreams bsrn : Baseline Solar Radiation Network (BSRN): solar irradiances Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered

  8. ARM - Instrument - ceil

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsceil Documentation CEIL : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ceilometer (CEIL) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling Picture of the Vaisala Ceilometer (Model CL31) General Overview The ceilometer (CEIL) is a self-contained, ground-based, active, remote-sensing device designed to measure cloud-base height, vertical visibility, and potential

  9. ARM - Instrument - clap

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsclap Documentation CLAP : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Continuous Light Absorption Photometer (CLAP) Instrument Categories Aerosols The Continuous Light Absorption Photometer (CLAP) operates on the same principle as the Particle Soot Absorption Photometer (PSAP), i.e., continuously measuring the transmission through a filter substrate as the sample air

  10. ARM - Instrument - cpc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentscpc Documentation CPC : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) Instrument Categories Aerosols A Condensation Particle Counter measures sub-micron aerosol particle number concentration by growing the particles to a size that is easily detectable and countable by optical scattering. The condensating liquid is typically an alcohol

  11. ARM - Instrument - ebbr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsebbr Documentation EBBR : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Surface/Subsurface Properties Picture of the Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) General Overview The Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-min estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local

  12. ARM - Instrument - ecmwfdiag

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsecmwfdiag Documentation ECMWFDIAG : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses (ECMWFDIAG) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models General Overview ARM receives two different types of ECMWF products. Diagnostic data derived from ECMWF model runs are especially generated for ARM

  13. ARM - Instrument - ecor

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsecor Documentation ECOR : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System (ECOR) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties General Overview The eddy correlation (ECOR) flux measurement system provides in situ, half-hour measurements of the surface turbulent fluxes of momentum, sensible heat, latent heat, and carbon dioxide. The

  14. ARM - Instrument - eta

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentseta Documentation ETA : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Eta Model Runs (ETA) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models General Overview NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Prediction run a regional numerical weather analysis and forecast system that covers the entire North American Continent. The data archived by ARM since 1993-06-16 come

  15. ARM - Instrument - ghg

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsghg Documentation GHG : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Greenhouse Gas Monitor (GHG) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Carbon The GHG is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS). Output Datastreams aosghg : AOS: Greenhouse Gas Monitor aosghgaux : AOS: Greenhouse Gas Monitor Auxiliary Data Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered

  16. ARM - Instrument - gndmfr

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsgndmfr Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ground Multifilter Radiometer (GNDMFR) Note: gndmfr is currently inactive and/or retired. Active Dates 1970.01.01 - 1970.01.01 Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties, Radiometric General Overview The Ground Radiation (GNDRAD) collection of radiometers provides each site with continuous measurements of

  17. ARM - Instrument - gndrad

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsgndrad Documentation GNDRAD : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation (GNDRAD) Instrument Categories Radiometric Picture of the Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation (GNDRAD) General Overview The Ground Radiation (GNDRAD) collection of radiometers provides the TWP, NSA, and AMFs with continuous measurements

  18. ARM - Instrument - goes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsgoes Documentation GOES : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) Instrument Categories Satellite Observations General Overview Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) circle the Earth in a geosynchronous orbit over the equator. This means they observe the Earth from the exact same vantage

  19. ARM - Instrument - grams

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsgrams Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ground Radiometer Autonomous Measurement System (GRAMS) Note: grams is currently inactive and/or retired. Active Dates 1997.10.15 - 2000.08.25 Instrument Categories Radiometric Picture of the Ground-based Radiometer Autonomous Measurement System (GRAMS) Output Datastreams gramscalftsbbr : GRAMS: calibration information for

  20. ARM - Instrument - hsrl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentshsrl Documentation HSRL : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Aerosols Picture of the Doppler Lidar High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) systems provide vertical profiles of optical depth, backscatter cross-section, depolarization, and backscatter phase function. All HSRL measurements are

  1. ARM - Instrument - htdma

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentshtdma Documentation HTDMA : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (HTDMA) Instrument Categories Aerosols Picture of the Doppler Lidar The Brechtel Manufacturing Inc. (BMI) Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (HT-DMA Model 3002) measures how aerosol particles of different initial dry sizes grow or shrink when

  2. ARM - Instrument - iap

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsiap Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : In-situ Aerosol Profiles (Cessna Aerosol Flights) (IAP) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling, Aerosols, Airborne Observations General Overview The In-situ Aerosol Profiles (IAP) campaign is a joint effort between the ARM Program and the Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL) of the U.S. National Oceanic

  3. ARM - Instrument - irsi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsirsi Documentation IRSI : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Infra-Red Sky Imager (IRSI) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Cloud Properties Picture of the Doppler Lidar The Infrared Sky Imager (IRSI) deployed at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is a Solmirus Corp. All Sky Infrared Visible Analyzer. The IRSI is an automatic,

  4. ARM - Instrument - irt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsirt Documentation IRT : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Infrared Thermometer (IRT) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Surface/Subsurface Properties Picture of the Infrared Thermometer (IRT) General Overview The Infrared Thermometer (IRT) is a ground-based radiation pyrometer that provides measurements of the equivalent blackbody brightness temperature of the scene

  5. ARM - Instrument - isssonde

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsisssonde Documentation ISSSONDE : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Integrated Sounding System (ISSSONDE) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models Output Datastreams isssonde : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile isssonde10s : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile, 10-s resolution

  6. ARM - Instrument - ksumeso

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsksumeso Documentation KSUMESO : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Kansas State University Mesonet (KSUMESO) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology General Overview Surface meterology information are available from sixteen stations in Kansas. The data are provided and quality assured by the High Plains Climate Center. All stations are Campbell CR10

  7. ARM - Instrument - landsat

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentslandsat Documentation LANDSAT : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) (LANDSAT) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties General Overview The Landsat satellites are used to acquire remotely sensed images of the Earth's land surface and surrounding coastal regions. Landsat-5 TM satellite data scenes are available for the

  8. ARM - Instrument - maws

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmaws Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Automatic Weather Station (MAWS) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Atmospheric moisture Atmospheric pressure Atmospheric temperature Horizontal wind Locations Southern Great Plains SGP C1 Browse Data Browse Plots Central

  9. ARM - Instrument - mfrirt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmfrirt Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Multifilter Radiometer and Infrared Thermometer (MFRIRT) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Radiometric Output Datastreams mfrirt25m : Infrared Thermometer (MFRIRT): upwelling radiance, instantaneous 20-sec at 25-meter height Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant.

  10. ARM - Instrument - molts

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmolts Documentation MOLTS : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Model Output Location Time Series (MOLTS) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models General Overview The Model Output Location Time Series (MOLTS) data are provided by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). Currently there are over 500 MOLTS stations across the United

  11. ARM - Instrument - mpl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmpl Documentation MPL : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Micropulse Lidar (MPL) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Picture of the Micropulse Lidar (MPL) General Overview The Micropulse Lidar (MPL) is a ground-based optical remote sensing system designed primarily to determine the altitude of clouds overhead. The physical principle is the same as for radar.

  12. ARM - Instrument - mtsat

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmtsat Documentation MTSAT : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Multi-Functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT) Instrument Categories Satellite Observations General Overview The Multi-functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT) series fulfills two functions: a meteorological function by the Japan Meteorological Agency and an aviation control function by for the Civil

  13. ARM - Instrument - mwrhf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsmwrhf Documentation MWRHF : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency (MWRHF) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling, Radiometric Picture of the Microwave Radiometer-High Frequency (MWRHF) General Overview The Microwave Radiometer-High Frequency (MWRHF) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures

  14. ARM - Instrument - nephelometer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnephelometer Documentation NEPHELOMETER : Handbook NEPHELOMETER : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Nephelometer (NEPHELOMETER) Instrument Categories Aerosols A nephelometer measures the total scattering and hemispheric backscattering of aerosol. Nephelometers are deployed in pairs with one of them measuring the ambient conditions and the other measuring the

  15. ARM - Instrument - ngm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsngm Documentation NGM : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Nested Grid Model (NGM) Note: ngm is currently inactive and/or retired. Active Dates 1993.10.09 - 1994.06.01 Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models General Overview Winds, temperature, pressure, relative humidity, precipitation, lifted index, omega component along grid and at altitude.

  16. ARM - Instrument - noaacrn

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnoaacrn Documentation NOAACRN : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : NOAA Climate Reference Network (NOAACRN) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology General Overview The ARM Climate Research Facility is providing data in netCDF format from the U.S. Climate Reference Network (USCRN), a network of climate stations being developed as part of a National Oceanic

  17. ARM - Instrument - noaarad

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnoaarad Documentation NOAARAD : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : NOAA/ESRL/GMD Radiometers (NOAARAD) Instrument Categories Radiometric General Overview The ARM Climate Research Facility is providing data in netCDF format from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Earth System Research Laboratory, Global Monitoring Division (NOAA/ESRL GMD).

  18. ARM - Instrument - nwsupa

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsnwsupa Documentation NWSUPA : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements (NWSUPA) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling General Overview These data are NWS soundings covering all three ARM sites. Some of these data are high temporal resolution (6 seconds) others are only for mandatory and significant levels. Most

  19. ARM - Instrument - okm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsokm Documentation OKM : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Oklahoma Mesonet (OKM) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology General Overview The State of Oklahoma restricts the sharing of these data with outside agencies or with research scientists who are not DOE/ARM employees or members of the Atmospheric System Research (ASR) community. The Oklahoma

  20. ARM - Instrument - ozone

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsozone Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ozone Monitor (OZONE) Instrument Categories Aerosols An in-situ Ozone Monitor measures atmospheric ozone concentration, typically by ultraviolet photometry in a dual absorption cell. The OZONE is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS). Output Datastreams aoso3 : AOS: Ozone (O3) Monitor aosozone : AOS: O3 measurements

  1. ARM - Instrument - pass

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentspass Documentation PASS : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Photoacoustic Soot Spectrometer (PASS) Instrument Categories Aerosols General Overview The photoacoustic soot spectrometer (PASS) measures light absorption by aerosol particles. As the particles pass through a laser beam, the absorbed energy heats the particles and in turn the surrounding air, which sets off

  2. ARM - Instrument - psap

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentspsap Documentation PSAP : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Particle Soot Absorption Photometer (PSAP) Instrument Categories Aerosols A particle soot absorption photometer collects aerosol particles on a substrate and measures the change in light transmission relative to a reference filter. Bulk particle absorption is derived after correcting for scattering effects.

  3. ARM - Instrument - ruc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Rapid Update Cycle Model Data (RUC) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models General Overview The Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) is an operational atmospheric prediction system comprised primarily of a numerical forecast model and an analysis system to initialize that model. Mesoscale Analysis

  4. ARM - Instrument - sasze

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssasze Documentation SASZE : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Zenith (SASZE) Instrument Categories Radiometric General Overview The Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer - Zenith (SASZE) measures the zenith sky shortwave radiance over the spectral range from the near infrared to the ultraviolet. The SASZE incorporates two Avantes

  5. ARM - Instrument - sebs

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssebs Documentation SEBS : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties Picture of the Surface Energy Balance System General Overview The Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and

  6. ARM - Instrument - sirs

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssirs Documentation SIRS : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Solar and Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) Instrument Categories Radiometric Picture of the Solar Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) General Overview The Solar Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) provides continuous measurements of broadband shortwave (solar) and longwave (atmospheric or infrared) irradiances

  7. ARM - Instrument - skyrad

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsskyrad Documentation SKYRAD : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Sky Radiometers on Stand for Downwelling Radiation (SKYRAD) Instrument Categories Radiometric Picture of the SKYRAD General Overview The Sky Radiation (SKYRAD) collection of radiometers provides each Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS) with continuous measurements of broadband shortwave

  8. ARM - Instrument - sodar

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssodar Documentation SODAR : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Mini Sound Detection and Ranging (SODAR) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology, Atmospheric Profiling The SODAR (Sonic Detection and Ranging) wind profiler measures wind profiles and backscattered signal strength between (nominally) 15 meters (m) and 500 m. It operates by transmitting acoustic energy

  9. ARM - Instrument - sonde

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssonde Documentation SONDE : Handbook SONDE : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Balloon-Borne Sounding System (SONDE) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling General Overview The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

  10. ARM - Instrument - stamp

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsstamp Documentation STAMP : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Soil Temperature and Moisture Profiles (STAMP) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties Output Datastreams stamp : Soil Temperature and Moisture Profiles stamppcp : Soil Temperature and Moisture Profiling system Rain Gauges Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered

  11. ARM - Instrument - surthref

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentssurthref Documentation SURTHREF : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference System for Sondes (SURTHREF) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference (SURTHREF) system General Overview The Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference (SURTHREF) system is intended to provide

  12. ARM - Instrument - swats

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsswats Documentation SWATS : Handbook SWATS : Algorithms (PDF) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Soil Water and Temperature System (SWATS) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties Picture of the Soil Water and Temperature System (SWATS) General Overview The Soil Water And Temperature System (SWATS) is designed to provide information about the temperature of the soil

  13. ARM - Instrument - tao

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstao Documentation TAO : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean from Buoys (TAO) Note: tao is currently inactive and/or retired. Active Dates 1997.06.10 - 2001.07.01 Instrument Categories Radiometric, Ocean Observations, Surface Meteorology General Overview These data files contain 2-minute average radiation and 10-minute average

  14. ARM - Instrument - tbs

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstbs Documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Tethered Balloon System (TBS) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling Output Datastreams tbsground : Tethered Balloon System (TBS): Ground Measurement Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Atmospheric moisture Atmospheric pressure Atmospheric temperature Horizontal

  15. ARM - Instrument - tdma

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstdma Documentation TDMA : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (TDMA) Instrument Categories Aerosols Picture of the Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (TDMA) General Overview The Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (TDMA) measures aerosol dry-size distribution and size-resolved hygroscopic growth. In its standard operating

  16. ARM - Instrument - tdmadap

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Aerosol Properties derived from TDMA Measurements (TDMADAP) Instrument Categories Aerosols Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Cloud condensation nuclei Locations Southern Great Plains SGP X1 Browse Data External Data (satellites and

  17. ARM - Instrument - tps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstps Documentation TPS : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Total Precipitation Sensor (TPS) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Total Precipitation Sensor (TPS) General Overview The total precipitation sensor (TPS) measures atmospheric temperature, horizontal wind, and precipitation. It consists of a sensor head and electronics enclosure that are

  18. ARM - Instrument - twrcam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstwrcam Documentation TWRCAM : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Tower Camera (TWRCAM) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Tower Camera (TCAM) General Overview The tower camera in Barrow provides hourly images of ground surrounding the tower. These images may be used to determine fractional snow cover as winter arrives, for comparison with the

  19. ARM - Instrument - uhsas

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsuhsas Documentation UHSAS : Handbook ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer (UHSAS) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations, Aerosols Picture of the Doppler Lidar The Ultra-High-Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer (UHSAS) is an optical-scattering, laser-based aerosol particle spectrometer system for sizing particles in the 60 to 1000

  20. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesInstruments AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 MAOS AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2015-2016 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California, 2015 Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa