National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for tot cons 2009-03

  1. 2009 - 03 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Mar 2009 Fri, 2009-03-27 00:00 Jefferson Lab gets $75M in stimulus funds (Inside Business) Tue, 2009-03-24 00:00 Jefferson Lab gets stimulus money (Richmond Times-Dispatch) Tue, 2009-03-24 00:00 Stimulus money will update Jefferson Lab, create jobs (The Virginian-Pilot) Tue, 2009-03-24 00:00 Jefferson Lab gets $75 million stimulus grant (Daily Press) Mon, 2009-03-23 00:00 Jefferson Lab To Receive $75 Million In Recovery Act Funding Mon, 2009-03-23 00:00 Jefferson Lab gets federal stimulus

  2. 2009 - 03 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Mar 2009 Fri, 2009-03-13 13:43 Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment

  3. 2009-03 "Consideration of Suggestions Contained in the Kerr Lab...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    PDF icon Rec 2009-03 - May 14, 2009 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2009 Santa Fe 2009-10 "Convene a Panel of Water Quality Experts" 2009-12 "Hold a Planned ...

  4. Toys for Tots

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    relay race, which has raised 25,000 for the Savannah River Site's Toys for Tots campaign.

    Dozens of contractor employees at the Savannah River Site (SRS)...

  5. Property:Tot cons | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 + 44,709 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 +...

  6. Acquisition Planning: Revised Acquisition Letter 2009-03 and Revised DOE Acquisition Guide Chapter 7.1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Acquisition Letter (AL) 2009-03 and Acquisition Guide Chapter 7.1 have been revised to move the guidance regarding who approves an Acquisition Plan for a contract exceeding $1 00 million from the AL to the Acquisition Guide. To reflect the changes, AL-2009-03 Revision 1 has replaced AL-2009-03 and the affected parts of Acquisition Guide Chapter 7.1 have been modified. Additional minor revisions to the Guide chapter were made: references to obsolete AL 96-09 and obsolete AL 2006-1 1 were deleted; the requirement to begin acquisition planning for an M&O contract at least 18 months prior to contract expiration was changed to 24 months; minor editorial changes were made to the Property Management section; and attachment 2's milestone schedule was conformed to the SEB Monthly Status Report format (that status report was established in March 201 0; see http://management.enernv.gov/docurnents/SEBMonthly Status Remrtinn Requirement.pdf).

  7. 2009 - 03 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    at Jefferson Lab Mon, 03022009 - 1:00pm Media Advisory: March 7 Virginia Middle School Science Bowl Tournament Mon, 03022009 - 1:00pm JLab Guest Lecturer Discusses...

  8. Toys for Tots | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Toys for Tots Whimsical SRS Relay Race Brings Joy to those in Need this Holiday Season SRS contractor employees compete in the fifth annual "Dash for Bikes, Walk for Trikes" relay race, which has raised $25,000 for the Savannah River Site's Toys for Tots campaign. Dozens of contractor employees at the Savannah River Site (SRS) recently combined zany fun with athletic competition to

  9. PacifiCorp (Idaho) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 4,863.802 67,315.248 56,342 2,259.042 33,641.948 8,317 6,035.093 136,727.669 5,524 13,157.937 237,684.865 70,183...

  10. City of Kansas City, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 3,262 40,087 56,891 5,911 77,724 7,095 3,466 64,803 94 12,639 182,614 64,080 2009-02 5,311 48,126 57,266...

  11. East Central Energy (Wisconsin) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 497.322 5,074.657 4,666 49.223 506.276 262 546.545 5,580.933 4,928 2009-02 617.038 6,336.617 4,668 59.259...

  12. City Utilities of Springfield | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 5,574.607 75,387.438 94,458 7,723.39 113,122.676 13,958 2,145.435 34,204.077 318 15,443.432...

  13. City of Independence, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 3,560.56 35,314.852 51,607 3,689.899 38,562.777 5,126 271.211 3,999.786 10 7,521.67 77,877.415 56,743 2009-02...

  14. City of Seattle, Washington (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 23,601 373,913 353,104 24,986 456,778 39,325 4,440 92,495 220 3 47 3 53,030 923,233 392,652...

  15. Empire District Electric Co (Kansas) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 766.958 8,132.05 8,688 437.806 4,470.832 1,413 386.225 5,336.492 51 1,590.989 17,939.374 10,152...

  16. Consolidated Edison Co-NY Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 180,424 829,996 2,282,842 177,132 1,007,995 393,452 2,556 15,772 240 104 656 5 360,216 1,854,419 2,676,539 2009-02...

  17. Property:Tot rev (thousand $) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    "Tot rev (thousand )" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 6,790 +...

  18. Property:Tot sales (mwh) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    property "Tot sales (mwh)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 69,154 +...

  19. Dayton Power & Light Co | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 42,929 405,917 457,328 32,828 369,986 56,335 12,936 163,248 1,748 38 375 1 88,731 939,526 515,412 2009-02 50,501 495,479 457,129...

  20. McKenzie Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 4.139 55.309 113 0.083 0.047 2 4.222 55.356 115 2009-02 5.066 56.074 114 0.083 0.044 2 5.149 56.118 116 2009-01 4.899 69.559 114...

  1. Wells Rural Electric Co (Utah) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 46 519 490 71 957 210 55 979 5 172 2,455 705 2009-02 52 607 492 69 1,045 211 46 797 5 167 2,449 708 2009-01 57 672 490 77 1,053 211 51 899 5 185...

  2. Otter Tail Power Co (North Dakota) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 4,536 69,096 44,206 6,635 104,771 12,634 326 5,568 2 11,497 179,435 56,842 2009-02 4,919 69,170 44,146 6,370 97,635 12,601 334 6,444 2...

  3. Verdigris Valley Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 3,334 39,732 29,287 620 6,280 4,308 487 5,668 607 4,441 51,680 34,202 2009-02 3,065 36,726 29,285 456 4,469 4,299 405 4,606 607 3,926...

  4. UNS Electric, Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 5,500 45,911 79,490 5,666 46,579 10,607 2,748 28,348 20 13,914 120,838 90,117 2009-02 6,301 52,859 79,557 5,084 42,064 10,613...

  5. Montana-Dakota Utilities Co | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 1,134 15,419 18,636 1,164 19,883 5,080 1,252 25,660 132 3,550 60,962 23,848 2009-02 1,069 14,377 18,635 1,136 19,109 5,099 1,198 23,937 132...

  6. Awesome Con

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Awesome Con will be held June 3–5, 2016, at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C. The annual conference gathers pop culture, gaming, and comic book enthusiasts from across the country for a weekend full of panels, exhibits, and meet-and-greet opportunities with celebrities. This year, the event will highlight energy efficiency and renewable energy innovation from the U.S. Department of Energy at the inaugural Awesome Con Science Fair. Bioenergy Technologies Office Program Manager Alison Goss Eng will be participating in the “From Four Colors to Fact: Science and the Comics” panel, which will explore the science behind some of today’s most popular movies, comic books, and superheroes. The Energy Department will also have a booth in the exhibit hall where visitors can learn more about the science and innovation that it supports.

  7. PacifiCorp | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 4,513.328 40,300.371 35,420 2,957.385 28,242.692 7,794 295.18 3,403.742 1,964 7,765.893 71,946.805 45,178 2009-02 4,309.919 37,789.644 35,472 2,584.65...

  8. Provo City Corp (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 1,368 18,290 30,311 1,749 28,411 4,779 437 10,070 1 3,554 56,771 35,091 2009-02 1,552 20,914 30,371 1,847 31,146 4,792 451 10,886 1 3,850 62,946 35,164...

  9. Montana-Dakota Utilities Co | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    TOT CONS 2009-03 1,134 15,419 18,636 1,164 19,883 5,080 1,252 25,660 132 3,550 60,962 23,848 2009-02 1,069 14,377 18,635 1,136 19,109 5,099 1,198 23,937 132 3,403 57,423 23,866...

  10. Surprise Valley Electrification Corp. (Oregon) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    TOT CONS 2009-03 108.007 1,617.292 1,134 21.619 300.164 336 14.159 214.616 248 143.785 2,132.072 1,718 2009-02 122.657 1,866.778 1,135 23.915 339.757 336 15.181 254.511 248 161.753...

  11. Notice of Violation, Western Allied Mechanical, Inc.- WEA-2009-03

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Issued to Western Allied Mechnical, Inc. related to a PVC Pipe Explosion at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

  12. Preliminary Notice of Violation,Western Allied Mechanical, Inc.- WEA-2009-03

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Issued to Western Allied Mechanical, Inc. related to a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe explosion that occurred in Sector 30 of the linear accelerator facility at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC).

  13. GovCon Holiday Soiree

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 6th Annual GovCon Holiday Soiree will be held at the Kennedy Center on Monday, December 8, from 5:30pm to 7:30pm. The event is expected to bring together more than 200 representatives of women-...

  14. 2009-03 "Consideration of Suggestions Contained in the Kerr Lab Report of 3-30-09"

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Approved May 14, 2009 The intent of this recommendation is to provide the DOE and LANS EM with independent expert technical evaluations and recommendations from EPA to assist in their efforts to implement the best possible groundwater monitoring program.

  15. Microsoft Word - 2009-03 Instrument Report_DOE-SC-ARM-P-09-004.3.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future JW Voyles March 2009 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of

  16. Property:Ind cons | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the property "Ind cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 20 +...

  17. Property:Com cons | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the property "Com cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 8,105 +...

  18. Property:Res cons | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the property "Res cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 35,751 +...

  19. ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance) Jump to: navigation, search Name: ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance) Place: Stockton, CA Website: www.consol.com References:...

  20. Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0301) Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0301) ...

  1. Energy @ Awesome Con: Meet Our Panelists | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    @ Awesome Con: Meet Our Panelists Energy @ Awesome Con: Meet Our Panelists June 3, 2016 - 10:15am Addthis Today, our panel of energy and sci-fi experts will discuss the interplay between science and cinema at Awesome Con in Washington, D.C. | Courtesy of Awesome Con Today, our panel of energy and sci-fi experts will discuss the interplay between science and cinema at Awesome Con in Washington, D.C. | Courtesy of Awesome Con Paul Lester Paul Lester Digital Content Specialist, Office of Public

  2. Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    El Cons Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, Inc Place: Oregon Phone Number: Baker County: 541-523-3616; Harney: 541-573-2666; Grant:...

  3. ConInvest GmbH | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ConInvest GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: ConInvest GmbH Place: Berlin, Berlin, Germany Zip: 10787 Product: The company is mainly investing in biogas projects in Germany....

  4. Air-Con International: Order (2010-SE-0301)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Air-Con International, Inc. to pay a $10,000 civil penalty after finding Air-Con had imported and distributed in commerce in the U.S. various models of air-conditioning units.

  5. Technical Qualification Program Accreditation Pros and Cons | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Pros and Cons Technical Qualification Program Accreditation Pros and Cons Business Case for Accreditation Incentives - Challenge the Enterprise to Foster Confidence and Support of TQP Accreditation TQP Accreditation Lessons Learned TQP Accreditation Pros and Cons (75.22 KB) More Documents & Publications Technical Qualification Program Reaccreditation Report - Y-12 Site Office Technical Qualification Program Reaccreditation Report - Sandia Site Office Technical Qualification

  6. Case Study - Con Edison Smart Grid Investment Grant

    Energy Saver

    New York, Inc. (Con Edison) operates the world's largest underground electric distribution system and serves more than 3.3 million customers in New York City and neighboring ...

  7. Bi-Con Services Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Services Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bi-Con Services Inc Address: 10901 Clay Pike Road Place: Derwent, Ohio Zip: 43733 Sector: Buildings, Efficiency, Services Product:...

  8. AMO’s David Forrest Talks Nanobots at Awesome Con

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    From June 3-5, 2016 the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, DC was filled with thousands of pop-culture enthusiasts and self-professed “geeks” for Awesome Con 2016. This...

  9. ConEd (Electric)- Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Additionally, rebates are provided for certain appliances. View the program web site for eligibility and instructions on how to have a secondary, working unit picked up. Contact Con Edison for...

  10. ConEd (Electric)- Multifamily Energy Efficiency Incentives Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Con Edison offers New York Multifamily electric customers a rebate program for energy efficient cooling and lighting equipment in 5-75 unit buildings in the eligible service area. All equipment...

  11. Air-Con International: Order (2010-SE-0301)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Air-Con International, Inc. to pay a civil penalty of $10,000 after finding Air-Con had distributed in commerce in the U.S. central air conditioning units that were not in conformity with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE also found that, while some units were exported, none of the units were properly marked as imports intended for exportation.

  12. DOE Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient...

    Energy Saver

    Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient Air Conditioners and Proposes Penalties DOE Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient Air Conditioners and ...

  13. Case Study - Con Edison Smart Grid Investment Grant

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Con Edison Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 Bright Lights, Big City: A Smarter Grid in New York The Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. (Con Edison) operates the world's largest underground electric distribution system and serves more than 3.3 million customers in New York City and neighboring Westchester County. 86% of its system is underground, with 94,000 miles of underground electric cables and 36,000 miles of overhead electric wires. To provide New York City with more reliable and

  14. DOE Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient Air Conditioners and Proposes Penalties

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department has issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Civil Penalty to Air-Con, International, requiring Air-Con to cease the sale of certain air-conditioning systems in...

  15. DOE Takes Action to Stop the Sales of Air-Con Air Conditioner Models Shown

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    to Violate Federal Energy Efficiency Appliance Standards | Department of Energy Action to Stop the Sales of Air-Con Air Conditioner Models Shown to Violate Federal Energy Efficiency Appliance Standards DOE Takes Action to Stop the Sales of Air-Con Air Conditioner Models Shown to Violate Federal Energy Efficiency Appliance Standards September 23, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy announced today that it has taken action against Air-Con, International, requiring

  16. Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0301)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Air-Con International finding that a variety of central air conditioners and air conditioning heat pumps distributed under the Air-Con private label do not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE also alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Air-Con imported and distributed the noncompliant products in the U.S.

  17. UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand $)","RES_S

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    MwH)","RES_CONS ","COM_REV (Thousand $)","COM_SALES (MwH)","COM_CONS","IND_REV (Thousand $)","IND_SALES (MwH)","IND_CONS","OTH_REV (Thousand $)","OTH_SALES (MwH)","OTH_CONS","TOT_REV (Thousand $)","TOT_SALES (MwH)","TOT_CONS" 0,"State Level Adjustment","AK",2006,1,4505,21935,0,6801,28853,0,1284,11667,0,,,0,12590,62454,0 213,"Alaska

  18. ConEd (Gas)- Multi-family Energy Efficiency Incentives Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Con Edison offers a free energy audit and rebates for Multifamily buildings. Incentives are offered for energy efficient heating equipment for 5-75 unit buildings in the eligible service area....

  19. Ahorra energía y dinero con el viento: 5 pasos antes de invertir...

    Energy Saver

    energa elica a la red de suministro elctrico Los sistemas pequeos de energa elica se pueden usar con un sistema de energa conectado a la red elctrica o en ...

  20. DOE Takes Action to Stop the Sales of Air-Con Air Conditioner...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Follow Secretary Chu on his Facebook page. Media contact(s): (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles DOE Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient Air ...

  1. SLUDGE PARTICLE SEPAPATION EFFICIENCIES DURING SETTLER TANK RETRIEVAL INTO SCS-CON-230

    SciTech Connect

    DEARING JI; EPSTEIN M; PLYS MG

    2009-07-16

    The purpose of this document is to release, into the Hanford Document Control System, FA1/0991, Sludge Particle Separation Efficiencies for the Rectangular SCS-CON-230 Container, by M. Epstein and M. G. Plys, Fauske & Associates, LLC, June 2009. The Sludge Treatment Project (STP) will retrieve sludge from the 105-K West Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) Settler Tanks and transfer it to container SCS-CON-230 using the Settler Tank Retrieval System (STRS). The sludge will enter the container through two distributors. The container will have a filtration system that is designed to minimize the overflow of sludge fines from the container to the basin. FAI/09-91 was performed to quantify the effect of the STRS on sludge distribution inside of and overflow out of SCS-CON-230. Selected results of the analysis and a system description are discussed. The principal result of the analysis is that the STRS filtration system reduces the overflow of sludge from SCS-CON-230 to the basin by roughly a factor of 10. Some turbidity can be expected in the center bay where the container is located. The exact amount of overflow and subsequent turbidity is dependent on the density of the sludge (which will vary with location in the Settler Tanks) and the thermal gradient between the SCS-CON-230 and the basin. Attachment A presents the full analytical results. These results are applicable specifically to SCS-CON-230 and the STRS filtration system's expected operating duty cycles.

  2. UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand $)","RES_S

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    OTH_REV (Thousand $)","OTH_SALES (MWh)","OTH_CONS","TOT_REV (Thousand $)","TOT_SALES (MWh)","TOT_CONS" 0,"State Level Adjustment","AK","2007R",1,5766,24179,0,7398,30009,0,1385.504,7829.663,0,,,0,14549.504,62017.663,0 213,"Alaska Electric Light&Power Co","AK","2007R",1,1479,14609,13602,981,11953,2118,390.496,5260.337,99,0,0,0,2850.496,31822.337,15819 219,"Alaska Power

  3. Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain Air Con International Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that it has opened an investigation to determine whether certain air conditioners and heat pump products manufactured by Air Con...

  4. Table 17. Estimated natural gas plant liquids and dry natural gas content of tot

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Estimated natural gas plant liquids and dry natural gas content of total natural gas proved reserves, 2014" "million barrels and billion cubic feet" ,"Total Wet Natural Gas Proved Reserves",,,,"Estimated content of proved reserves" " State and Subdivision",,2014,,,"Natural Gas Plant Liquids",,"Dry Natural Gas" ,,"billion cubic feet",,,"million barrels",,"billion cubic feet"

  5. Implications of final L3 measurement of {sigma}{sub tot}({gamma}{gamma}{yields}bb)

    SciTech Connect

    Chyla, Jiri

    2006-02-01

    The excess of data on the total cross section of bb production in {gamma}{gamma} collisions over QCD predictions, observed by L3, OPAL and DELPHI Collaborations at LEP2, has so far defied explanation. The recent final analysis of L3 data has brought important new information concerning the dependence of the observed excess on the {gamma}{gamma} collisions energy W{sub {gamma}}{sub {gamma}}. The implications of this dependence are discussed.

  6. Characterization Data Package for Containerized Sludge Samples Collected from Engineered Container SCS-CON-210

    SciTech Connect

    Fountain, Matthew S.; Fiskum, Sandra K.; Baldwin, David L.; Daniel, Richard C.; Bos, Stanley J.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Carlson, Clark D.; Coffey, Deborah S.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Neiner, Doinita; Oliver, Brian M.; Pool, Karl N.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Snow, Lanee A.; Soderquist, Chuck Z.; Thompson, Christopher J.; Trang-Le, Truc LT; Urie, Michael W.

    2013-09-10

    This data package contains the K Basin sludge characterization results obtained by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory during processing and analysis of four sludge core samples collected from Engineered Container SCS-CON-210 in 2010 as requested by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company. Sample processing requirements, analytes of interest, detection limits, and quality control sample requirements are defined in the KBC-33786, Rev. 2. The core processing scope included reconstitution of a sludge core sample distributed among four to six 4-L polypropylene bottles into a single container. The reconstituted core sample was then mixed and subsampled to support a variety of characterization activities. Additional core sludge subsamples were combined to prepare a container composite. The container composite was fractionated by wet sieving through a 2,000 micron mesh and a 500-micron mesh sieve. Each sieve fraction was sampled to support a suite of analyses. The core composite analysis scope included density determination, radioisotope analysis, and metals analysis, including the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit metals (with the exception of mercury). The container composite analysis included most of the core composite analysis scope plus particle size distribution, particle density, rheology, and crystalline phase identification. A summary of the received samples, core sample reconstitution and subsampling activities, container composite preparation and subsampling activities, physical properties, and analytical results are presented. Supporting data and documentation are provided in the appendices. There were no cases of sample or data loss and all of the available samples and data are reported as required by the Quality Assurance Project Plan/Sampling and Analysis Plan.

  7. Ahorra energía y dinero con el viento: 5 pasos antes de invertir en un

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    nuevo sistema eólico | Department of Energy Ahorra energía y dinero con el viento: 5 pasos antes de invertir en un nuevo sistema eólico Ahorra energía y dinero con el viento: 5 pasos antes de invertir en un nuevo sistema eólico December 23, 2014 - 10:45am Addthis ¿Te interesa en un sistema eólico de energÃ-a en casa? | Photo courtesy of Joe Guasti, Bergey Windpower Co., Inc.. ¿Te interesa en un sistema eólico de energía en casa? | Photo courtesy of Joe Guasti, Bergey Windpower

  8. Field test of plutonium and thorium contaminated clay soils from the Mound Site using the ACT*DE*CON Process

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, J.O.; Swift, N.A.; Church, R.H.; Neff, R.A.

    1998-12-31

    A treatability test was run during the summer and fall of 1997 to demonstrate the effectiveness of ACT*DE*CON for removing plutonium and thorium from the clay soils around Mound. ACT*DE*CON is a proprietary solution patented by Selentec. The process utilized a highly selective dissolution of the contaminants by the use of a chemical wash. The pilot scale process involved pretreatment of the soil in an attrition scrubber with ACT*DE*CON solution. This blended solution was then passed through a counter-current extraction chamber where additional contact with ACT*DE*CON solution occurred, followed by a rinse cycle. During this process sand was added to aid contact of the solution with the soil particles. The sand is removed during the rinse step and reused. The chelating agent is separated from the contaminant and recycled back into the process, along with the reverse osmosis permeate. The resulting solution can be further treated to concentrate the contaminant. Three different types of environmental soils were tested -- plutonium and thorium contaminated soils with the natural clay content, and plutonium contaminated soils with a high percentage of fine clay particles. The goal of these tests was to reduce the plutonium levels from several hundreds of pCi/g to between 25 and 75 pCi/g and the thorium from a couple hundred pCi/g to less than 5 pCi/g. The results of these four tests are presented along with a discussion of the operating parameters and the lessons learned relating to full scale implementation at Mound as well as other potential applications of this process.

  9. 1. CON'I'AC'r ID CODE PAGE OF PAGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATIONIMODIFICATION OF CONTRACT II 11 3

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    CON'I'AC'r ID CODE PAGE OF PAGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATIONIMODIFICATION OF CONTRACT II 11 3 2. AMENDMENT/MODIFICATION NO. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE (M/D.'F) 4. REQUISITION/PURCHASE RE-Q. NO. S. PROJECT1 NO. t7fapplieoble) 27See Block 16C 12EM001839 6. ISUED13Y ODE7. ADMINISTER.ED BY (If uI/wr ius /tem 6) CODE U.S. Department of Energy Office or River Protection P. 0. Box 450, MS 146-60 Richland, WA 99352 1. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No.,stree, county State and Z11' code) 9A, AMENDMEN f

  10. Preliminary laboratory study of plutonium-238 dissolution from Mound soil by means of the ACT*DE*CON{sup SM} process

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, K.A.; Heinrich, R.R.; Johnson, D.O.; Edgar, D.E.

    1992-04-01

    The treatment of contaminated soil presents a significant technical problem. Soil-washing and chemical-extraction methods have proven to be effective for specific applications, but a process with more comprehensive treatment properties that is both cost-effective and environmentally propitious is needed. Bradtec, Inc., has developed a process, the ACT*DE*CON{sup SM} process, that has been tested on soil contaminated with plutonium. The process effectively extracted Pu-238 after three washes, reducing the contamination levels from approximately 20 Bq/g to 1.6--1.9 Bq/g and yielding a decontamination factor ranging from 11 to 13. By using four or more ACT*DE*CON{sup SM} washes or a continuous-flow process with ACT*DE*CON{sup SM} solvents on a pilot-scale test, a target decontamination level of 0.93 Bq/g might be achievable.

  11. Preliminary laboratory study of plutonium-238 dissolution from Mound soil by means of the ACT*DE*CON sup SM process

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, K.A.; Heinrich, R.R.; Johnson, D.O.; Edgar, D.E. )

    1992-04-01

    The treatment of contaminated soil presents a significant technical problem. Soil-washing and chemical-extraction methods have proven to be effective for specific applications, but a process with more comprehensive treatment properties that is both cost-effective and environmentally propitious is needed. Bradtec, Inc., has developed a process, the ACT*DE*CON{sup SM} process, that has been tested on soil contaminated with plutonium. The process effectively extracted Pu-238 after three washes, reducing the contamination levels from approximately 20 Bq/g to 1.6--1.9 Bq/g and yielding a decontamination factor ranging from 11 to 13. By using four or more ACT*DE*CON{sup SM} washes or a continuous-flow process with ACT*DE*CON{sup SM} solvents on a pilot-scale test, a target decontamination level of 0.93 Bq/g might be achievable.

  12. Con Edison Energy Storage Activities

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 1 24 19 15 3 0 8 23 22 2014 32 29 25 26 22 19 12 0 0 9 20 22 2015 27 17 20 21 28 23 23 5 0 4 20 27 2016 25 22 21 28 25 18 20 0

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 1 24 19 15 3 0 8 23 22 2014 32 29 25 26 22 19 12 0 0 9 20 22 2015 27 17 20 21 28 23 23 5 0 4 20 27 2016 25 22 21 28 25 18 20

  13. RAMATION V=W Ot TOTS= t sAy VnoffZW COMM1 AV 10i90 2M3 AM=W V...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    RIUXIIAN fm I O-MUas VATZO. UNASA ARUDE1 ALSO SIN, C0?3) 71040606 0044896 JA3MS 8, CAM W 3 AU 1, 19 *TO GUN? RM PMMYE INMMAIM ar FMVUE PWV?Mh1 DW(8?TIC. URA ALI tu CI OMM)R IN ...

  14. Microsoft Word - FY 2009 FOIA Requests received by RL and ORP.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    09 FOIA Request Number Date Received Estimated Completion Date FOI 2009-0017 01/06/2009 03/05/2009 FOI 2009-0018 01/07/2009 02/04/2009 FOI 2009-0019 02/02/2009 02/02/2009 FOI 2009-0020 02/17/2009 02/24/2009 FOI 2009-0021 02/09/2009 02/09/2009 FOI 2009-0022 02/17/2009 02/27/2009 FOI 2009-0023 02/20/2009 03/03/2009 FOI 2009-0024 02/27/2009 03/16/2009 FOI 2009-0025 03/03/2009 03/11/2009 FOI 2009-0026 03/04/2009 04/10/2009 FOI 2009-0027 03/04/2009 03/16/2009 FOI 2009-0028 03/09/2009 03/09/2009 FOI

  15. MCNPX Improvements for Threat Reduction Applications (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    B. 1 + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States) Publication Date: 2009-03-10 OSTI Identifier: 21289602 Resource ...

  16. Subject: Cost and Price Analysis | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Subject: Cost and Price Analysis More Documents & Publications Acquisition Letter 2009-03 Acquisition Planning-Extending A Management and Operating Contract Without Full and Open...

  17. GasCon | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and economic calculations and project implementation and management. Coordinates: 56.241001, 9.54807 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemap...

  18. Property:Oth cons | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - September 2008 + 1 + City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 1 + City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA...

  19. Pros and cons of hydraulic drilling

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-06-01

    The advantages and disadvantages of using hydraulic drilling are discussed. The low maintenance, energy efficiency, drilling speeds, and operating costs are the main advantages of the hydraulic drills. The economics and maintenance of air drills are also compared.

  20. Cons rcio Novo Gramacho | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Product: Brazilian company that owns a biogas plant in Rio de Janeiro. References: Consrcio Novo Gramacho1 This article is a...

  1. ConEdison Solutions | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: White Plains, New York Zip: 10604 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Sector: Services Product: Green Power Marketer Website: conedisonsolutions.com Coordinates:...

  2. FuelCon AG | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Magdeburg-Barleben, Germany Zip: 39179 Product: A leading developer of fuel cell test equipment. Their products include test systems for individual cells, stacks, reformers,...

  3. CyberCon | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE Cyber-An Enterprise Approach: Excellence Through Innovation & Integration The Office ... presenters from federal interagency, academia, private sector, and international arena. ...

  4. ACML Example

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    totPEs, ierr ) allocate(dpset(totPEs)) C all processors working from the same random sequence, same seed seed(1) 1234 call drandinitialize(naggen,1,seed,1,state1,statesize,info)...

  5. Mechanical Testing of TR-55 Rubber Thermally Aged Under Tensile...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Small IV, W ; Alviso, C T ; Wilson, T S ; Chinn, S C ; Maxwell, R S Publication Date: 2009-03-10 OSTI Identifier: 952426 Report Number(s): LLNL-TR-412681 TRN: ...

  6. Isotopic evidence for a martian regolith component in martian...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Rao, M.N. ; Nyquist, L.E. ; Bogard, D.D. ; Garrison, D.H. ; Sutton, S. 1 ; UC) 2 + Show Author Affiliations (NASA JSC) ( Publication Date: 2009-03-23 OSTI Identifier: ...

  7. Microsoft Word - Policy Flash 2010-67 Attachment 1 | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    67 Attachment 1 Microsoft Word - Policy Flash 2010-67 Attachment 1 Microsoft Word - Policy Flash 2010-67 Attachment 1 More Documents & Publications Acquisition Letter 2009-03...

  8. 42pt5ContractManagementPlanning.pdf | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    2pt5ContractManagementPlanning.pdf More Documents & Publications Acquisition Letter 2009-03 Acquisition Planning-Extending A Management and Operating Contract Without Full and Open...

  9. The MAJORANA Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Warner, Ray A. ; Wilkerson, J. ; Wouters, Jan M. ; Yakushev, E. ; Young , A. R. ; Yu, Chang-Hong ; Yumatov, Vladimir ; Zhang, C. L. less Publication Date: 2009-03-01 OSTI ...

  10. Moment enhancement in dilute magnetic semiconductors: MnxSi1...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Shaughnessy, M ; Fong, C Y ; Snow, R ; Liu, K ; Pask, J E ; Yang, L H Publication Date: 2009-03-12 OSTI Identifier: 965070 Report Number(s): LLNL-JRNL-411279 Journal ID: ...

  11. USAJobs Search | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    (TO), Technical Operations (TOT) organization. Transmission Services provides reliable open access, non-discriminatory transmission service on the Bonneville Power...

  12. ConEd (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    < Back Eligibility Residential InstallersContractors Savings Category Water Heaters Furnaces Boilers Programmable Thermostats DuctAir sealing Other EE Maximum Rebate Duct...

  13. ConEd (Gas)- Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Commercial and Industrial Equipment Rebate and Commercial and Industrial Custom Efficiency Programs offer incentives to gas customers in good standing who contribute to the system benefits...

  14. ConEd (Electric)- Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Commercial and Industrial Equipment Rebate and Custom Efficiency Programs offer incentives to directly metered electric customers in good standing who contribute to the system benefits charge ...

  15. Pros and cons of power combined cycle in Venezuela

    SciTech Connect

    Alvarez, C.; Hernandez, S.

    1997-09-01

    In Venezuela combined cycle power has not been economically attractive to electric utility companies, mainly due to the very low price of natural gas. Savings in cost of natural gas due to a higher efficiency, characteristic of this type of cycle, does not compensate additional investments required to close the simple cycle (heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and steam turbine island). Low gas prices have contributed to create a situation characterized by investors` reluctance to commit capital in gas pipe lines and associated equipment. The Government is taking measures to improve economics. Recently (January 1, 1997), the Ministry of Energy and Mines raised the price of natural gas, and established a formula to tie its price to the exchange rate variation (dollar/bolivar) in an intent to stimulate investments in this sector. This is considered a good beginning after a price freeze for about three years. Another measure that has been announced is the implementation of a corporate policy of outsourcing to build new gas facilities such as pipe lines and measuring and regulation stations. Under these new circumstances, it seems that combined cycle will play an important role in the power sector. In fact, some power generation projects are considering building new plants using this technology. An economical comparative study is presented between simple and combined cycles power plant. Screening curves are showed with a gas price forecast based on the government decree recently issued, as a function of plant capacity factor.

  16. Energy @ Baltimore Comic-Con: Meet Our Panelists | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Disadvantaged Business Utilization. He was a Presidential Management Intern and web project manager for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Bittner was also a...

  17. Consolidated Edison Company of New York (Con Edison) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place Place: New York, New York Zip: 10003 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Sector: Services Product: Green Power Marketer Website: www.coned.com Coordinates: 40.7341329,...

  18. Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc ChemCon | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Develops and operates projects in the bioethanol, biodiesel, methanol, hydrogen and liquid natural gas industries. References: Chemical Consortium Holdings...

  19. CCPG Update U.S. Department Of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CCPG Update U.S. Department Of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop - Portland, OR December 13, 2011 Susan Henderson, P.E. Xcel Energy Path/TOT Ratings  TOT 1A - none  TOT 2A - none  TOT 3 ◦ Archer-Wayne Child Interconnection (150MW, 345kV) ◦ High Plains Express (500kV, 1600-8000MW) ◦ Zephyr (500kV DC, 3000MW) ◦ TransWest Express (600kV DC, 3000MW) ◦ Colorado-Wyoming Intertie (345kV, 800MW)  Reference: WECC Path Reports & Rating Catalog

  20. DOE/NV/25946--2182-SUM

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... the ground- water movement and transport of ... Groundwater Open House for the public in Beatty, Nevada. ... to 1967 for the Hard Hat, Tiny Tot, and Pile Driver ...

  1. HEMCIHANDUM TO: FILE FFtOH:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ----L---... Lype tot-i basis of reccrds reviewed) n -No Radioactive ci Health Physics Protection . cj Little or None respansibility Natural Radioactive from Feed Materials ...

  2. RoboCon: Operator interface for robotic applications. Final report: RoboCon electrical interfacing -- system architecture, and Interfacing NDDS and LabView

    SciTech Connect

    Schempf, H.

    1998-04-30

    The first appendix contains detailed specifications of the electrical interfacing employed in Robocon. This includes all electrical signals and power requirement descriptions up to and including the interface entry points for external robots and systems. The reader is first presented with an overview of the overall Robocon electrical system, followed by sub-sections describing each module in detail. The appendices contain listings of power requirements and the electrical connectors and cables used, followed by an overall electrical system diagram. Custom electronics employed are also described. The Network Data Delivery Service (NDDS) is a real-time dissemination communications architecture which allows nodes on a network to publish data and subscribe to data published by other nodes while remaining anonymous. The second appendix explains how to facilitate a seamless interface between NDDS and LabView and provides sample source code used to implement an NDDS consumer which writes a string to a socket.

  3. Index of /documents/public/root/material/5

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3.2M DIR application 14-Jul-2009 14:24 - DIR geant4 28-Jul-2009 11:50 - DIR inheritance 12-Jul-2009 03:48 - perdueroot071509.pdf 15-Jul-2009 14:55 893K DIR...

  4. 2009 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dec 2009 Thu, 2009-12-03 09:08 Big changes for the Jefferson Lab campus Oct 2009 Sat, 2009-10-03 11:58 Hypernuclei in Hall C Jul 2009 Wed, 2009-07-01 13:11 Fifteen Years of Beam on Target Mar 2009 Fri, 2009-03-13 13:43 Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment

  5. The pros and cons of retained gallons payout in the sale of fueloil business

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, W.H. )

    1990-01-01

    Historically many fueloil businesses have been sold with at least a portion of the payout tied to the future delivery of gallons to the customers of the seller. This concept is usually not present in the sales of most retail businesses because future purchases by transferred customers is dependent on pricing, promotion, location, reputation, branding and other factors. In the case of fueloil, the customer is known to have a loyalty to the fueloil dealer, which in part is due to the need for service rendered to the heating equipment in the home. Periodic studies indicate customer loyalty is in the range of 8 to 10 years with the same dealer. In many markets, growth in the percentage of consumer price buyers who pay cash may be changing these loyalties. For example, in New Hampshire a recent study by the state energy office indicates that the percentage of fuel buyers who buy for cash has increased from 27.5% during the 1982-1983 heating season to 41.5% this past year. No one knows how this trend will impact on the sales of fueloil businesses via retained gallons. This article discusses the following: why customer lists should not be considered good will; underlying assumptions in sale; options of the seller; why misunderstandings occur; defining the account; definition of gallons to be counted; compatibility of policies; how much will be retained; and how to protect yourself and retention.

  6. Gallium Safety in the Laboratory INEEL/CON-03-00078

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    or represents that its use by such third party would not infringe privately owned rights. ... gallium surfaces with oils from human skin, and gloves protect against puncture wounds. ...

  7. CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... MEAD OW LAKE ELLWOOD CITY TUR KEY TR ACK HARDSCR ABBLE BIG INLET POOL RPD-C RAWF ORD-1 ... The boundaries are not informed by subsurface structural information. The data and methods ...

  8. Workshop session on pros and cons for different target materials/corrosion and corrosion control

    SciTech Connect

    Takeda, Y.; Mansur, L.K.; Dai, Y.; DiStefano, J.R.

    1996-06-01

    Two of the originally planned workshop sessions, indicated by the titles on each side of the {open_quotes}/{close_quotes} in the above title were combined. The session was structured into four areas in which target material attributes were considered: nuclear properties; physical properties; compatibility; and liquid metal engineering/safety. Short presentations were either volunteered by participants or requested by the session organizers to help establish a background and stimulate discussion. G. Bauer, J. Takeda, T. Gabriel and S. Wender covered the first two areas; J. DiStefano, Y. Dai and Y. Orlov made presentations in the third area. O. Lielausis and R. Dressler spoke on the fourth area. L.K. Mansur served as moderator for the combined session. Although there was much discussion and some differences of opinion, the overall recommendations, considering all available factors, as distilled by this session`s organizers, are as follows. Choose Hg as the prime candidate target material to which most resources should be devoted. A strong alternate candidate is considered to exist in Pb-Bi eutectic. Other candidate materials such as Pb, Pb-Mg eutectic and Bi are weaker choices for various reasons, with Bi being the weakest.

  9. CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Mbbl) Appalachian 3354 79,141 9,550,156 1,670,834 2001 Proved Reserves for Entire Applachian Basin WV Appalachian Basin, OH-PA (Panel 2 of 7) Oil and Gas Fields By 2001 Liquids

  10. CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (MMcf) (Mbbl) Appalachian 3354 79,141 9,550,156 1,670,834 2001 Proved Reserves for Entire Applachian Basin WV Appalachian Basin, OH-PA (Panel 2 of 7) Oil and Gas Fields By 2001 Gas

  11. CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Reserve Class No 2001 gas reserves 0.1 - 10 MMCF 10.1 - 100 MMCF 100.1 - 1,000 MMCF 1,000.1 - 10,000 MMCF 10,000.1 - 100,000 MMCF > 100,000 MMCF Appalachian Basin Boundary C a n a d a U S A OH PA MI NY Lake Erie Lake St. Claire Total Total Total Number Liquid Gas BOE of Reserves Reserves Reserves Basin Fields (Mbbl) (MMcf) (Mbbl) Appalachian 3354 79,141 9,550,156 1,670,834 2001 Proved Reserves for Entire Applachian Basin WV Appalachian Basin, OH-PA (Panel 2 of 7) Oil and Gas Fields By

  12. CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Liquids Reserve Class No 2001 liquids reserves 0.1 - 10 Mbbl 10.1 - 100 Mbbl 100.1 - 1,000 Mbbl 1,000.1 - 10,000 Mbbl Appalachian Basin Boundary C a n a d a U S A OH PA MI NY Lake Erie Lake St. Claire Total Total Total Number Liquid Gas BOE of Reserves Reserves Reserves Basin Fields (Mbbl) (MMcf) (Mbbl) Appalachian 3354 79,141 9,550,156 1,670,834 2001 Proved Reserves for Entire Applachian Basin WV Appalachian Basin, OH-PA (Panel 2 of 7) Oil and Gas Fields By 2001 Liquids

  13. EPA`s proposed renewable oxygenate requirement (ROR): Pros and cons

    SciTech Connect

    Czeskleba, H.M.

    1995-12-31

    In December 1993, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its final rule that sets for the details for requirements to sell reformulated gasoline (RFG) in certain ozone non-attainment areas. At the same time, EPA also issued a proposed rule to require that 30% of the oxygen required in RFG be based on a renewable oxygenate. Renewables include ethanol and its ether derivatives such as ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE). The RFG rule is a final rule, while the Renewable Oxygenate Requirement (ROR) rule is a proposed rule yet to be finalized and subject to revision. Included in this paper are brief reviews of Ashland petroleum Company`s ethanol usage, oxygenated fuel and reformulated gasoline blending economics, and some comments on the EPA proposed renewable oxygenate requirement.

  14. Microsoft Word - _ RFP 506541 - RadCon Support, rev 2 - 16-05...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    For work performed in New Mexico, Subcontractors may be required to provide a Combined Reporting System (CRS) identification number obtained from the New Mexico Taxation and ...

  15. Gallium Safety in the Laboratory INEEL/CON-03-00078

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... 1987, pp. 411-418. 27. F. F. Hahn, R. K. Wolff, and R. F. Henderson, "Gallium Oxide ... Institute, December 1987. 28. R. K. Wolff et al., "Toxicity of Gallium Oxide ...

  16. RAD CON Team is Highly Trained to Clean EM's West Valley Site...

    Energy Saver

    Commercial nuclear fuel reprocessing ceased in the building in 1972. Workers vitrified the waste resulting from operations from 1996 to 2002 and placed it into 275 10-foot-tall ...

  17. Reversible CO Binding Enables Tunable CO/H2 and CO/N2 Separations...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Abstract: Six metal-organic frameworks of the M2(dobdc) (M Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn; dobdc4- 2,5-dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate) structure type are demonstrated to...

  18. Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action...

    Energy Saver

    air conditioners in the United States that used more energy than allowed by federal law. ... The agreement can be found here. Federal law allows companies to import - for export only ...

  19. CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    RPD-C ARROLL-1 RURAL RID GE ROWSBUR G SH ERRETT MON AC A QUEEN JUN CTION YELLOW CR EEK SMELTZ ER CAT FISH R UN POLK E JEROMESVILLE N FLORENCE-FIVE POINTS ATEN CLARINGTON ...

  20. Idaho National Engineering & Environmental Laboratory Consent...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    requirement for the payment or obligation of funds by DOE under this Consent Order is subject tot he provisions of the Anti-Deficiency Act, and that payment or obligation of ...

  1. Dash for Bikes, Walk for Trikes | National Nuclear Security Administra...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    thousands of dollars each year for the Savannah River Site's annual Toys for Tots campaign. The fun is profitable enough to raise a significant amount of money to surprise...

  2. Phone Log: Spoke to: C.V. Chung I Date/Time: 5/29/14

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    L (CONTR) - TOT-D1TT-2 Subject: FW: Request for WECC Maps - by non-profit org Hello Kim: One of my staff members received this third-party request from WECC for a "BPA...

  3. Microsoft Word - Attachment A 2009 Final.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... ft) Granite Three tests above static water level. (HARD HAT, TINY TOT, and PILE DRIVER). ... Sweat houses, also serving as places of integration for the local group, were located at ...

  4. Microsoft Word - 1-SiteDescription Cover DisclaimerTitle Final...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... ft) Granite Three tests above static water level. (HARD HAT, TINY TOT, and PILE DRIVER). ... Sweat houses, also serving as places of integration for the local group, were located at ...

  5. Microsoft Word - Attach_A_Site Description 2007_Final.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... ft) Granite Three tests above static water level. (HARD HAT, TINY TOT, and PILE DRIVER). ... Sweat houses, also serving as places of integration for the local group, were located at ...

  6. Contractors Donate Nearly $600,000 to Charity | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    seen on other projects and in other communities," she said. ... of Benton and Franklin Counties, Second Harvest, Junior ... donated to the U.S. Marine Toys for Tots Program. ...

  7. Acquisition Planning--Extending A Management and Operating Contract Without

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Full and Open Competition; and Site and Utilization Management Planning | Department of Energy Planning--Extending A Management and Operating Contract Without Full and Open Competition; and Site and Utilization Management Planning Acquisition Planning--Extending A Management and Operating Contract Without Full and Open Competition; and Site and Utilization Management Planning PF2009-13.pdf (337.25 KB) PF2009-13a - Acquisition Letter 2009-03 - Acquisition Planning (130.37 KB) More Documents

  8. Fusion, mechanical joining methods pros, cons--Part 2. [Natural gas pipelines use of mechanical and fusion joints

    SciTech Connect

    Gunther, K.M. )

    1993-10-01

    Two basic techniques accepted by gas distribution utility companies for joining polyethylene pipe underground are fusion methods and mechanical joining. Washington Gas Light Co., uses the fusion methods for the most part and uses mechanical joints for repair and final tie-ins where fusion methods are impractical or impossible to use. Fusion methods used by gas industry users of plastic pipe are: butt fusion; socket fusion; saddle fusion; electrofusion. Mechanical pipe joining techniques or procedures include: factory made mechanical joints such as meter risers and transition fittings; hydraulic compression couplings; bolted and screwed compression couplings; stab type compression couplings; interior seal couplings. Every joining method has strengths, weaknesses, pitfalls and ways they can fail in service. The key is making the best selection based on such factors as location, temperature, conditions, available equipment, personnel training level and cost. No one method will do it all or every company would be using that particular method. Part 2 focuses on strengths, weaknesses, pitfalls and failure possibilities of the five mechanical techniques.

  9. The effect of annealing temperature on the electrical characterization of Co/n type GaP Schottky diode

    SciTech Connect

    Orak, ?.; Ejderha, K.; Snmez, E.; Alanyal?o?lu, M.; Turut, A.

    2015-01-15

    The Co/n-GaP nano-Schottky diodes have been fabricated to investigate effect of annealing temperature on the characteristics of the device. DC Magnetron sputtering technique has been used for Co metallic contact. The samples have been annealed for three minutes at 400 C and 600 C. XRD analyzes of the devices subjected to thermal annealing process have been investigated. Surface images have been taken with atomic force microscopy (AFM) in order to examine the morphology of the surface of the metal layer before and after the annealing the sample. The currentvoltage (IV) measurements taken at room temperature have shown that the ideality factor and series resistance decrease with the increasing annealing temperature. The ideality factor was found to be 1.02 for sample annealed at 400 C. Before and after annealing, depending on the temperature measurement, the capacitancefrequency (Cf), and conductancefrequency (Gf) have been measured, and graphs have been plotted.

  10. ARM - Field Campaign - PGS Validatation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    govCampaignsPGS Validatation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Related Campaigns Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field Campaign 2008.01.01, Fischer, SGP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : PGS Validatation 2009.03.01 - 2010.02.28 Lead Scientist : Marc Fischer For data sets, see below. Abstract The focus of this project was the prediction of landscape-scale fluxes of CO2, water, and sensible heat that drive variations

  11. ARM - Field Campaign - Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Campaign govCampaignsPrecision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field Campaign ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Related Campaigns PGS Validation 2011-2013 2011.03.01, Fischer, SGP PGS Validatation 2010 2010.03.01, Fischer, SGP PGS Validatation 2009.03.01, Fischer, SGP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field Campaign 2008.01.01 - 2008.12.31 Lead Scientist : Marc Fischer For data sets,

  12. ARM - Field Campaign - Radon Measurements of Atmospheric Mixing (RAMIX

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2008) govCampaignsRadon Measurements of Atmospheric Mixing (RAMIX 2008) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Related Campaigns Radon Measurements of Atmospheric Mixing (RAMIX) 2006.11.01, Fischer, SGP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Radon Measurements of Atmospheric Mixing (RAMIX 2008) 2008.04.01 - 2009.03.31 Lead Scientist : Marc Fischer For data sets, see below. Abstract At present, uncertainty in vertical mixing

  13. Monodisperse core/shell Ni/FePt nanoparticles and their con-version to Ni/Pt to catalyze oxygen reduction

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Sen; Hao, Yizhou; Su, Dong; Doan-Nguyen, Vicky V. T.; Wu, Yaoting; Li, Jing; Sun, Shouheng; Murray, Christopher B.

    2014-10-28

    We report a size-controllable synthesis of monodisperse core/shell Ni/FePt nanoparticles (NPs) via a seed-mediated growth and their subsequent conversion to Ni/Pt NPs. Preventing surface oxidation of the Ni seeds is essential for the growth of uniform FePt shells. These Ni/FePt NPs have a thin (≈ 1 nm) FePt shell, and can be converted to Ni/Pt by acetic acid wash to yield active catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Tuning the core size allow for optimization of their electrocatalytic activity. The specific activity and mass activity of 4.2 nm/0.8 nm core/shell Ni/FePt reach 1.95 mA/cm² and 490 mA/mgPt at 0.9 V (vs. reversible hydrogen electrode, RHE), which are much higher than those of benchmark commercial Pt catalyst (0.34 mA/cm² and 92 mA/mgPt at 0.9 V). Our studies provide a robust approach to monodisperse core/shell NPs with non-precious metal core, making it possible to develop advanced NP catalysts with ultralow Pt content for ORR and many other heterogeneous reactions.

  14. Monodisperse core/shell Ni/FePt nanoparticles and their con-version to Ni/Pt to catalyze oxygen reduction

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Sen; Su, Dong; Doan-Nguyen, Vicky V. T.; Wu, Yaoting; Li, Jing; Sun, Shouheng; Murray, Christopher B.; Hao, Yizhou

    2014-11-12

    We report a size-controllable synthesis of monodisperse core/shell Ni/FePt nanoparticles (NPs) via a seed-mediated growth and their subsequent conversion to Ni/Pt NPs. Preventing surface oxidation of the Ni seeds is essential for the growth of uniform FePt shells. These Ni/FePt NPs have a thin (? 1 nm) FePt shell, and can be converted to Ni/Pt by acetic acid wash to yield active catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Tuning the core size allow for optimization of their electrocatalytic activity. The specific activity and mass activity of 4.2 nm/0.8 nm core/shell Ni/FePt reach 1.95 mA/cm and 490 mA/mgPt at 0.9 V (vs. reversible hydrogen electrode, RHE), which are much higher than those of benchmark commercial Pt catalyst (0.34 mA/cm and 92 mA/mgPt at 0.9 V). Our studies provide a robust approach to monodisperse core/shell NPs with non-precious metal core, making it possible to develop advanced NP catalysts with ultralow Pt content for ORR and many other heterogeneous reactions.

  15. Monodisperse core/shell Ni/FePt nanoparticles and their con-version to Ni/Pt to catalyze oxygen reduction

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Zhang, Sen; Hao, Yizhou; Su, Dong; Doan-Nguyen, Vicky V. T.; Wu, Yaoting; Li, Jing; Sun, Shouheng; Murray, Christopher B.

    2014-10-28

    We report a size-controllable synthesis of monodisperse core/shell Ni/FePt nanoparticles (NPs) via a seed-mediated growth and their subsequent conversion to Ni/Pt NPs. Preventing surface oxidation of the Ni seeds is essential for the growth of uniform FePt shells. These Ni/FePt NPs have a thin (≈ 1 nm) FePt shell, and can be converted to Ni/Pt by acetic acid wash to yield active catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Tuning the core size allow for optimization of their electrocatalytic activity. The specific activity and mass activity of 4.2 nm/0.8 nm core/shell Ni/FePt reach 1.95 mA/cm² and 490 mA/mgPt at 0.9 Vmore » (vs. reversible hydrogen electrode, RHE), which are much higher than those of benchmark commercial Pt catalyst (0.34 mA/cm² and 92 mA/mgPt at 0.9 V). Our studies provide a robust approach to monodisperse core/shell NPs with non-precious metal core, making it possible to develop advanced NP catalysts with ultralow Pt content for ORR and many other heterogeneous reactions.« less

  16. Toy to the World: Savannah River Site Celebrates 21 Years of Bringing Joy to Kids

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    AIKEN, S.C. – Santa Claus and his elves are getting a lot of help from DOE’s Savannah River Site (SRS) this year. Federal employees and contractors donated more than 14,200 toys to support the U.S. Marine Reserves Toys for Tots campaign.

  17. Nucleus-nucleus total reaction cross sections, and the nuclear interaction radius

    SciTech Connect

    Abu-Ibrahim, Badawy

    2011-04-15

    We study the nucleus-nucleus total reaction cross sections for stable nuclei, in the energy region from 30A MeV to about 1A GeV, and find them to be in proportion to ({radical}({sigma}{sub pp}{sup tot}Z{sub 1}{sup 2/3}+{sigma}{sub pn}{sup tot}N{sub 1}{sup 2/3})+{radical}({sigma}{sub pp}{sup tot}Z{sub 2}{sup 2/3}+{sigma}{sub pn}{sup tot}N{sub 2}{sup 2/3})) {sup 2} in the mass range 8 to 100. Also, we find a parameter-free relation that enables us to predict a total reaction cross section for any nucleus-nucleus within 10% uncertainty at most, using the experimental value of the total reaction cross section of a given nucleus-nucleus. The power of the relation is demonstrated by several examples. The energy dependence of the nuclear interaction radius is deduced; it is found to be almost constant in the energy range from about 200A MeV to about 1A GeV; in this energy range and for nuclei with N=Z, R{sub I}(A)=(1.14{+-}0.02)A{sup 1/3} fm.

  18. Microsoft Word - Over-generation letter.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    R - TO-DITT2 Ellison,Richard A - TOD-DITT1 Elizeh,Edison G - TOT-DITT2 Enyeart,Stephen H - TPC-TPP-4 Ehli,Cathy L - TS-DITT-2 King,Robert D - TSP-TPP-2 Jackson,Mark A -...

  19. Table of tables: A database design tool for SYBASE

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, B.C.; Coulter, K.; Glass, H.D.; Glosson, R.; Hanft, R.W.; Harding, D.J.; Trombly-Freytag, K.; Walbridge, D.G.C.; Wallis, D.B. ); Allen, M.E. )

    1991-01-04

    The Table of Tables' application system captures in a set of SYBASE tables the basic design specification for a database schema. Specification of tables, columns (including the related defaults and rules for the stored values) and keys is provided. The feature which makes this application specifically useful for SYBASE is the ability to automatically generate SYBASE triggers. A description field is provided for each database object. Based on the data stored, SQL scripts for creating complete schema including the tables, their defaults and rules, their indexes, and their SYBASE triggers, are written by TOT. Insert, update and delete triggers are generated from TOT to guarantee integrity of data relations when tables are connected by single column foreign keys. The application is written in SYBASE's APT-SQL and includes a forms based data entry system. Using the features of TOT we can create a complete database schema for which the data integrity specified by our design is guaranteed by the SYBASE triggers generated by TOT. 3 refs.

  20. Dosimetric Consequences of Interobserver Variability in Delineating the Organs at Risk in Gynecologic Interstitial Brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect

    Damato, Antonio L.; Bair, Ryan J.; Cormack, Robert A.; Kovacs, Arpad; Lee, Larissa J.; Lewis, John H.; Viswanathan, Akila N.

    2014-07-01

    Purpose: To investigate the dosimetric variability associated with interobserver organ-at-risk delineation differences on computed tomography in patients undergoing gynecologic interstitial brachytherapy. Methods and Materials: The rectum, bladder, and sigmoid of 14 patients treated with gynecologic interstitial brachytherapy were retrospectively contoured by 13 physicians. Geometric variability was calculated using κ statistics, conformity index (CI{sub gen}), and coefficient of variation (CV) of volumes contoured across physicians. Dosimetric variability of the single-fraction D{sub 0.1cc} and D{sub 2cc} was assessed through CV across physicians, and the standard deviation of the total EQD2 (equivalent dose in 2 Gy per fraction) brachytherapy dose (SD{sup TOT}) was calculated. Results: The population mean ± 1 standard deviation of κ, CI{sub gen}, and volume CV were, respectively: 0.77 ± 0.06, 0.70 ± 0.08, and 20% ± 6% for bladder; 0.74 ± 06, 0.67 ± 0.08, and 20% ± 5% for rectum; and 0.33 ± 0.20, 0.26 ± 0.17, and 82% ± 42% for sigmoid. Dosimetric variability was as follows: for bladder, CV = 31% ± 19% (SD{sup TOT} = 72 ± 64 Gy) for D{sub 0.1cc} and CV = 16% ± 10% (SD{sup TOT} = 9 ± 6 Gy) for D{sub 2cc}; for rectum, CV = 11% ± 5% (SD{sup TOT} = 16 ± 17 Gy) for D{sub 0.1cc} and CV = 7% ± 2% (SD{sup TOT} = 4 ± 3 Gy) for D{sub 2cc}; for sigmoid, CV = 39% ± 28% (SD{sup TOT} = 12 ± 18 Gy) for D{sub 0.1cc} and CV = 34% ± 19% (SD{sup TOT} = 4 ± 4 Gy) for D{sub 2cc.} Conclusions: Delineation of bladder and rectum by 13 physicians demonstrated substantial geometric agreement and resulted in good dosimetric agreement for all dose-volume histogram parameters except bladder D{sub 0.1cc.} Small delineation differences in high-dose regions by the posterior bladder wall may explain these results. The delineation of sigmoid showed fair geometric agreement. The higher dosimetric variability for sigmoid compared with rectum and bladder did not correlate with

  1. Manual for ERLE (Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment). Instructions and information for institutions of higher learning concerning used energy-related laboratory equipment grants; Manual para ERLE [Equipo de Laboratorio Relacionado con la Energia]. Instrucciones e informacion para instituciones de educacion superior sobre subvenciones de equipo de laboratorio usado relacionado con la energia

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-10-01

    This is a listing of energy related equipment available through the Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment Grant Program which grants used equipment to institutions of higher education for energy-related research. Information included is an overview of the program, how to apply for a grant of equipment, eligibility requirements, types of equipment available, and the costs for the institution.

  2. Regional Dialogue Policy Implementation Contracts (pbl/contracts...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Inland Power & Light Company Con-65 Umpqua Indian Utility Cooperative Con-66 United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources Con-67 Slice Customers...

  3. A practical strategy for reducing the future security risk of United States spent nuclear fuel

    SciTech Connect

    Chodak, P. III; Buksa, J.J.

    1997-06-01

    Depletion calculations show that advanced oxide (AOX) fuels can be used in existing light water reactors (LWRs) to achieve and maintain virtually any desired level of US (US) reactor-grade plutonium (R-Pu) inventory. AOX fuels are composed of a neutronically inert matrix loaded with R-Pu and erbium. A 1/2 core load of 100% nonfertile, 7w% R-Pu AOX and 3.9 w% UO{sub 2} has a net total plutonium ({sup TOT}Pu) destruction rate of 310 kg/yr. The 20% residual {sup TOT}Pu in discharged AOX contains > 55% {sup 242}Pu making it unattractive for nuclear explosive use. A three-phase fuel-cycle development program sequentially loading 60 LWRs with 100% mixed oxide, 50% AOX with a nonfertile component displacing only some of the {sup 238}U, and 50% AOX, which is 100% nonfertile, could reduce the US plutonium inventory to near zero by 2050.

  4. Pyroelectric response mechanism of barium strontium titanate ceramics in dielectric bolometer mode: The underlying essence of the enhancing effect of direct current bias field

    SciTech Connect

    Mao, Chaoliang; Cao, Sheng; Yan, Shiguang; Yao, Chunhua; Cao, Fei; Wang, Genshui; Dong, Xianlin; Hu, Xu; Yang, Chunli

    2013-06-17

    Pyroelectric response mechanism of Ba{sub 0.70}Sr{sub 0.30}TiO{sub 3} ceramics under dielectric bolometer (DB) mode was investigated by dielectric and pyroelectric properties measurement. The variations of total, intrinsic, and induced pyroelectric coefficients (p{sub tot}, p{sub int}, p{sub ind}) with temperatures and bias fields were analyzed. p{sub int} plays the dominant role to p{sub tot} through most of the temperature range and p{sub ind} will be slightly higher than p{sub int} above T{sub 0}. The essence of the enhancing effect of DC bias field on pyroelectric coefficient can be attributed to the high value of p{sub int}. This mechanism is useful for the pyroelectric materials (DB mode) applications.

  5. Building-Integrated Heat & Moisture Exchange

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Building-Integrated Heat & Moisture Exchange 2016 Building Technologies Office Peer Review John Breshears, President Architectural Applications jbreshears@architecturalapplications.com 2 Project Summary Timeline: Start date: June 17, 2011 Planned end date: July 27, 2016 Key Milestones 1: Demo. Manufacturing at Target Cost July'16 2: Alternate Design At 8% Lower Cost July'17 3: Assembly w/ 28% Fewer Parts July'17 Budget: Tot. Project $ to Date: * DOE: $1288590 * Cost Share: $878833 Total

  6. Electron-Cloud Build-Up Simulations for the FNAL Main Injector

    SciTech Connect

    Furman, Miguel .A.

    2008-08-25

    We present a summary on ongoing simulation results for the electron-cloud (EC) buildup in the context of the proposed FNAL Main Injector (MI) intensity upgrade effort [1]. Most of the results presented here are for the field-free region at the location of the retarding field analyzer (RFA) electron detector [2-4]. The primary input variable we exercise is the peak secondary electron yield (SEY) {delta}{sub max}, which we let vary in the range 1.2 {le} {delta}{sub max} {le} 1.7. By combining our simulated results for the electron flux at the vacuum chamber wall with the corresponding RFA measurements we infer that 1.25 {approx}< {delta}{sub max} {approx}< 1.35 at this location. From this piece of information we estimate features of the EC distribution for various fill patterns, including the average electron number density n{sub e}. We then compare the behavior of the EC for a hypothetical RF frequency f{sub RF} = 212 MHz with the current 53 MHz for a given total beam population N{sub tot}. The density n{sub e} goes through a clear threshold as a function of N{sub tot} in a field-free region. As expected, the higher frequency leads to a weaker EC effect: the threshold in N{sub tot} is a factor {approx} 2 higher for f{sub RF} = 212 MHz than for 53 MHz, and ne is correspondingly lower by a factor {approx} 2 when N{sub tot} is above threshold. We briefly describe further work that needs to be carried out, sensitivities in the calculation, and puzzles in the results that remain to be addressed.

  7. US6959895.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Kahn, A., Development and Testing of Unconventional Micro Air Vehicle Con?gurations, ... C. and in "Development and Testing of Unconventional Micro Air Vehicle Con?gurations", ...

  8. Biomasa | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Biomasa Jump to: navigation, search Mapa Interactivo de Biocombustibles Potencia generada con Biomasa en sur America fuente IEA Potencia generada con Biomasa en centro America...

  9. Energa hidroelctrica | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energa hidroelctrica Jump to: navigation, search Potencia generada con hidroelctrica en sur Amrica fuente IEA Potencia generada con energa hidroelctrica en centro...

  10. Gateway:Amrica Latina/Diseo de polticas y programas | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    para garantizar el desarrollo sostenible, teniendo en cuenta la equidad social, crecimiento econmico, la gobernabilidad y compatibilidad con el ambiente, de acuerdo con los...

  11. Whimsical SRS Relay Race Brings Joy to those in Need this Holiday Season |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Whimsical SRS Relay Race Brings Joy to those in Need this Holiday Season Wednesday, December 23, 2015 - 12:00am NNSA Blog SRS contractor employees compete in the fifth annual "Dash for Bikes, Walk for Trikes" relay race, which has raised $25,000 for the Savannah River Site's Toys for Tots campaign. Dozens of contractor employees at the Savannah River Site (SRS) recently combined zany fun with athletic competition to create a race

  12. Relativistic electrons and magnetic fields of the M87 jet on the ?10 Schwarzschild radii scale

    SciTech Connect

    Kino, M.; Takahara, F.; Hada, K.; Doi, A.

    2014-05-01

    We explore energy densities of the magnetic fields and relativistic electrons in the M87 jet. Since the radio core at the jet base is identical to the optically thick surface against synchrotron self-absorption (SSA), the observing frequency is identical to the SSA turnover frequency. As a first step, we assume the radio core has a simple uniform sphere geometry. Using the observed angular size of the radio core measured by the Very Long Baseline Array at 43 GHz, we estimate the energy densities of magnetic fields (U{sub B} ) and relativistic electrons (U{sub e} ) on the basis of the standard SSA formula. Imposing the condition that the Poynting power and kinetic power of relativistic electrons should be smaller than the total power of the jet, we find that (1) the allowed range of the magnetic field strength (B {sub tot}) is 1 G ? B {sub tot} ? 15 G and that (2) 1 10{sup 5} ? U{sub e} /U{sub B} ? 6 10{sup 2} holds. The uncertainty of U{sub e} /U{sub B} comes from the strong dependence on the angular size of the radio core and the minimum Lorentz factor of non-thermal electrons (? {sub e,min}) in the core. It is still unsettled whether resultant energetics are consistent with either the magnetohydrodynamic jet or the kinetic power dominated jet even on the ?10 Schwarzschild radii scale.

  13. Accuracy of the centrifugal sudden approximation in the H + CHD{sub 3} → H{sub 2} + CD{sub 3} reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Zhaojun; Chen, Jun; Liu, Shu; Zhang, Dong H.

    2014-06-14

    The initial state selected time-dependent wave packet method has been extended to calculate the coupled-channel reaction probabilities with total angular momentum J{sub tot} > 0 for the title reaction with seven degrees of freedom included. Fully converged integral cross sections were obtained for the ground and a number of vibrational excited initial states on a new potential energy surface recently constructed by this group using neural network fitting. As found from a previous study with the centrifugal sudden (CS) approximation, all these initial vibrational excitations investigated in this study enhance the reactivity considerably at a given collision energy, in particular the CH stretch excited state. The energy initially deposited in CH stretch motion is more effective than translational energy on promoting the reaction in the entire energy region, while for CH bending or CD{sub 3} umbrella excitations only at the high collision energy the vibrational energy becomes more effective. Our calculations also revealed that the accuracy of the CS approximation considerably deteriorates with the increase of J{sub tot}, in particular on the threshold energy. The CS approximation underestimates the integral cross sections for all these initial states, albeit not very severely. In general, it works better at high collision energies and for vibrationally excited initial states, with the increase of integral cross section.

  14. Jefferson Lab Radiation Control Department

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    RadCon Privacy and Security Notice Skip over navigation search RadCon Please upgrade your browser. This site's design is only visible in a graphical browser that supports web standards, but its content is accessible to any browser. Concerns? RadCon RadCon Home TOUR DB Dosimetry RAM DB RWP DB Training Operations Instrumention HP Group print version Important Links RadCon Home Contacts Site Postings Frequently Asked Questions Radcon Documents EHS Manual Safety Concern Form Radiation Control

  15. BID | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    sostenible y respetuosa con el clima. Fundado en 1959, somos la mayor fuente de financiamiento para el desarrollo de Amrica Latina y el Caribe, con un slido compromiso para...

  16. Lawrence Co. Scioto Co. Greenup Co. Jack

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    CON LEY MEAD E BR ANCH PET ERSBURG VAN LEAR SILVERTON RPD-SC IOT O-2 HURR ICANE CR EEK OT TER ROAD BRANCH SH AVERS FORK HAGERH ILL KEEL FORK CRAGER FORK CON TRARY BRAN CH HUNN ...

  17. FORMATION OF PEPTIDE BONDS IN SPACE: A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF FORMAMIDE AND ACETAMIDE IN Sgr B2(N)

    SciTech Connect

    Halfen, D. T.; Ziurys, L. M.; Ilyushin, V. E-mail: lziurys@as.arizona.edu

    2011-12-10

    Extensive observations of acetamide (CH{sub 3}CONH{sub 2}) and formamide (NH{sub 2}CHO) have been conducted toward Sgr B2(N) at 1, 2, and 3 mm using the Submillimeter Telescope (SMT) and the 12 m antenna of the Arizona Radio Observatory. Over the frequency range 65-280 GHz, 132 transitions of acetamide have been observed as individual, distinguishable features, although in some cases they are partially blended. The unblended transitions in acetamide indicate V{sub LSR} = 63.2 {+-} 2.8 km s{sup -1} and {Delta}V{sub 1/2} = 12.5 {+-} 2.9 km s{sup -1}, line parameters that are very similar to that of formamide (NH{sub 2}CHO) and other organic species in Sgr B2(N). For formamide, 79 individual transitions were identified over the same frequency region. Rotational diagram analyses indicate the presence of two components for both species in Sgr B2(N). For acetamide, the colder component (E{sub u} < 40 K) exhibits a rotational temperature of T{sub rot} = 17 {+-} 4 K and a column density of N{sub tot} = 5.2 {+-} 3.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2}; the higher energy component has T{sub rot} = 171 {+-} 4 K and N{sub tot} = 6.4 {+-} 4.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2}. In the case of formamide, T{sub rot} = 26 {+-} 4 K and N{sub tot} = 1.6 {+-} 0.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2} for the colder component with T{sub rot} = 134 {+-} 17 K and N{sub tot} = 4.0 {+-} 1.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2} for the warmer region. The fractional abundances of acetamide are f (H{sub 2}) = 1.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -11} and 2.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} for the cold and warm components, and in formamide, f (H{sub 2}) = 5.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -11} and 1.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10}. The similarity between the abundances and distributions of CH{sub 3}CONH{sub 2} and NH{sub 2}CHO suggests a synthetic connection. The abundance of acetamide, moreover, is only a factor of three lower than that of formaldehyde, and very similar to

  18. A permutationally invariant full-dimensional ab initio potential energy surface for the abstraction and exchange channels of the H + CH{sub 4} system

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Jun E-mail: zhangdh@dicp.ac.cn; Chen, Jun; Zhao, Zhiqiang; Zhang, Dong H. E-mail: zhangdh@dicp.ac.cn; Xie, Daiqian; Guo, Hua

    2015-05-28

    We report a permutationally invariant global potential energy surface (PES) for the H + CH{sub 4} system based on ∼63 000 data points calculated at a high ab initio level (UCCSD(T)-F12a/AVTZ) using the recently proposed permutation invariant polynomial-neural network method. The small fitting error (5.1 meV) indicates a faithful representation of the ab initio points over a large configuration space. The rate coefficients calculated on the PES using tunneling corrected transition-state theory and quasi-classical trajectory are found to agree well with the available experimental and previous quantum dynamical results. The calculated total reaction probabilities (J{sub tot} = 0) including the abstraction and exchange channels using the new potential by a reduced dimensional quantum dynamic method are essentially the same as those on the Xu-Chen-Zhang PES [Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 27, 373 (2014)].

  19. A new measurement of the rare decay eta -> pi^0 gamma gamma with the Crystal Ball/TAPS detectors at the Mainz Microtron

    SciTech Connect

    Nefkens, B M; Prakhov, S; Aguar-Bartolom��, P; Annand, J R; Arends, H J; Bantawa, K; Beck, R; Bekrenev, V; Bergh��user, H; Braghieri, A; Briscoe, W J; Brudvik, J; Cherepnya, S; Codling, R F; Collicott, C; Costanza, S; Danilkin, I V; Denig, A; Demissie, B; Dieterle, M; Downie, E J; Drexler, P; Fil'kov, L V; Fix, A; Garni, S; Glazier, D I; Gregor, R; Hamilton, D; Heid, E; Hornidge, D; Howdle, D; Jahn, O; Jude, T C; Kashevarov, V L; K��ser, A; Keshelashvili, I; Kondratiev, R; Korolija, M; Kotulla, M; Koulbardis, A; Kruglov, S; Krusche, B; Lisin, V; Livingston, K; MacGregor, I J; Maghrbi, Y; Mancel, J; Manley, D M; McNicoll, E F; Mekterovic, D; Metag, V; Mushkarenkov, A; Nikolaev, A; Novotny, R; Oberle, M; Ortega, H; Ostrick, M; Ott, P; Otte, P B; Oussena, B; Pedroni, P; Polonski, A; Robinson, J; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, T; Schumann, S; Sikora, M H; Starostin, A; Strakovsky, I I; Strub, T; Suarez, I M; Supek, I; Tarbert, C M; Thiel, M; Thomas, A; Unverzagt, M; Watts, D P; Werthmueller, D; Witthauer, L

    2014-08-01

    A new measurement of the rare, doubly radiative decay eta->pi^0 gamma gamma was conducted with the Crystal Ball and TAPS multiphoton spectrometers together with the photon tagging facility at the Mainz Microtron MAMI. New data on the dependence of the partial decay width, Gamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma), on the two-photon invariant mass squared, m^2(gamma gamma), as well as a new, more precise value for the decay width, Gamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma) = (0.33+/-0.03_tot) eV, are based on analysis of 1.2 x 10^3 eta->pi^0 gamma gamma decays from a total of 6 x 10^7 eta mesons produced in the gamma p -> eta p reaction. The present results for dGamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma)/dm^2(gamma gamma) are in good agreement with previous measurements and recent theoretical calculations for this dependence.

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.1 Electric Utility Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    4 U.S. Electricity Net Generation, by Plant Type (Billion kWh) Renewables Growth Rate Hydr(1) Oth(2) Total CHP (3) Tot.(4) 2010-year 1980 276 6 282 N.A. 1981 261 6 267 N.A. 1982 309 5 314 N.A. 1983 332 6 339 N.A. 1984 321 9 330 N.A. 1985 281 11 292 N.A. 1986 291 12 302 N.A. 1987 250 12 262 N.A. 1988 223 12 235 N.A. 1989 269 28 297 42 1990 290 35 324 61 1991 286 38 324 72 1992 250 40 290 91 1993 278 42 320 108 1994 254 42 296 123 1995 305 39 345 141 1996 341 41 382 147 1997 351 41 392 148 1998

  1. LANL: AOT & LANSCE The Pulse October 2011

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Los Alamos National Laboratory * Est. 1943 The Pulse-Newsletter of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and Accelerator Operations and Technology Division I N S I D E 3 From Alex's Desk 3 NeutroN scAtteriNg proviDes iNsight iNto eNzymAtic DegrADAtioN oF cellulose 4 NeutroN totAl scAtteriNg moNitors shiFts iN vAleNce stAtes 5 NeutroN reFlec- tometry exAmiNes the perFormANce oF rADiAtioN-resistANt mAteriAls 6 meAsuriNg the FissioN NeutroN spectrum At lANsce 7 heADs up! Daniel Shoemaker receives

  2. THE KINEMATICS OF THE LOCAL GROUP IN A COSMOLOGICAL CONTEXT

    SciTech Connect

    Forero-Romero, J. E.; Hoffman, Y.; Bustamante, S.; Gottloeber, S.; Yepes, G.

    2013-04-10

    Recent observations constrained the tangential velocity of M31 with respect to the Milky Way to be v{sub M31,tan} < 34.4 km s{sup -1}and the radial velocity to be in the range v{sub M31,rad} = -109 {+-} 4.4 km s{sup -1}. In this study we use a large volume high-resolution N-body cosmological simulation (Bolshoi) together with three constrained simulations to statistically study this kinematics in the context of the {Lambda} cold dark matter ({Lambda}CDM). The comparison of the ensembles of simulated pairs with the observed Local Group (LG) at the 1{sigma} level in the uncertainties has been done with respect to the radial and tangential velocities, the reduced orbital energy (e{sub tot}), angular momentum (l{sub orb}), and the dimensionless spin parameter, {lambda}. Our main results are (1) the preferred radial and tangential velocities for pairs in {Lambda}CDM are v{sub r} = -80 {+-} 20 km s{sup -1} and v{sub t} = 50 {+-} 10 km s{sup -1}, (2) pairs around that region are 3-13 times more common than pairs within the observational values, (3) 15%-24% of LG-like pairs in {Lambda}CDM have energy and angular momentum consistent with observations, while (4) 9%-13% of pairs in the same sample show similar values in the inferred dimensionless spin parameter. It follows that within current observational uncertainties the quasi-conserved quantities that characterize the orbit of the LG, i.e., e{sub tot}, l{sub orb}, and {lambda}, do not challenge the standard {Lambda}CDM model, but the model is in tension with regard to the actual values of the radial and tangential velocities. This might hint to a problem of the {Lambda}CDM model to reproduce the observed LG.

  3. Consolidated Edison Sol Inc (Maine) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Consolidated Edison Sol Inc Place: Maine Phone Number: (914) 286-7000 Website: www.conedsolutions.com Twitter: @ConEdSolutions Facebook: https:www.facebook.comconedsolutions...

  4. BPA-2011-02052-FOIA Response

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    the rate pressure is still negative Cons: Not as transparent, may seem disingenuous Pros: Most responsive and considerate which is consistent with transparent NOS process...

  5. Microsoft Word - PR-24-13-BPA-turns-science-educators-visions...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    program will reach 540 students from middle school through high school about the pros and cons of various types of energy generation. It will also demonstrate science and...

  6. Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. It highlights the pros and cons of various technologies. Cost breakdowns show that renewable energy is under...

  7. DOE/EIA-0625(95) Distribution Category UC-950 A Look

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    that Con- gressional mandate, the EIA conducts two types of surveys: * Supply surveys gather information annually or more frequently from energy suppliers and marketers on the...

  8. Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation...

    Energy Saver

    Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain Air Con International Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain ...

  9. Gateway:Amrica Latina/Aprender ms sobre las ERNC/Estudios...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ingeniera y Seleccin de EquiposGeotermia Jump to: navigation, search Analisis de Proyectos de Bomba de Calor con Fuente Geotermica Fuente: Leonardo Energy Idioma: Espaol...

  10. Ayuda:Administrar archivos | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    con el fin de brindar mayor informacin acerca del archivo. Por ejemplo, varios proyectos pblicos wiki estn expuestos a problemas de derechos de autor, por lo tanto es...

  11. Development of PTO-Sim: A Power Performance Module for the Open...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ratanak So Asher Simmons Ted Brekken School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science ... a WEC's con- version of mechanical power to electrical power through its PTO system. ...

  12. Sandian Selected for Outstanding Young Engineer Award

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The Albuquerque Section of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) ... Award for his outstanding con-tributions to the electrical engineering profession. ...

  13. SGDP Report Now Available: Interoperability of Demand Response...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY was awarded to Con Edison in 2009 as part of DOE's Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP) grants funded by the ...

  14. New York's 18th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of Westchester County (NY) ConEdison Solutions Jasper Energy LLC Malcolm Pirnie Mercury Energy formerly Aquus Energy Mercury Solar Systems Microgy Cogeneration Systems Inc...

  15. KENNECOTT COPPER CORPORATION

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... and impure ore concentrate are con- ,a verted directly to UFb by simultaneous reaction with starch, savnonlum fluoride recovered as an aqueous solution, and hydrogen fluoride. . ...

  16. Section 45

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in a vertically pointing mode from early October through mid- December 1994 with a primary goal of characterizing con- tinental stratocumulus clouds (Albrecht et al. this volume). ...

  17. X:\\ARM_19~1\\P185-192.WPD

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Using this ongoing analysis in con- junction with improved cloud diagnostic algorithms (see Long et al., this volume) and detailed case studies (see Albrecht et al., this volume), ...

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    VFDs, Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Vending Machine Controls, Tankless Water Heater ConEd (Electric)-...

  19. Ayuda:Bsqueda | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    considerar solamente los espacios de nombre definidos en sus preferencias. Por otro lado, los usuarios registrados podrn modificar sus preferencias con el fin de especificar...

  20. Category:Smart Grid Projects | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    con":"","text":"

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    city to adopt the 2012 International Green Construction Code (with amendments, hereafter Dallas Green Construction Code) as mandatory for new commercial cons... Eligibility:...

  2. Unknown

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... loss, just as trans- mitting watts does, and creates voltage drop.) The important considerations when discussing var con- sumption are the cost, transmission, regulation impacts. ...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Building, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Personal Computing Equipment, Data Center Equipment, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment ConEd...

  4. Addendum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    to uncertainty in in MINOS; here we update that estimate with an improved treatment of nuclear effects, and consider two con- sequences of these effects separately....

  5. The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache®

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Apache License; and the community actively participates in ASF mailing lists, mentoring initiatives, and ApacheCon, the Foundation's official user conference, trainings, and expo. ...

  6. Ayuda:Buscadores externos | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    En el caso del Editor, las bsquedas externas permiten realizar bsquedas en la red con mayor rapidez y menor esfuerzo. Entre las otras aplicaciones de la plantilla...

  7. Centro de Energas Renovables (CER) en espaol | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    de barreras en la materializacin de proyectos. Promover y desarrollar una red de convenios y vnculos con centros e instituciones, a nivel nacional e internacional,...

  8. Operating Experience Summary, 2013-03

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    the floor below. He fell onto his right side, suffering multiple fractures and damaged lungs. PE-1 immediately called for assistance, and coworkers con- tacted BNL fire rescue....

  9. Recovery Act Funds at Work | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... In New York City, Con Edison is upgrading its distribution system to reduce the frequency and duration of outages and improve power quality. Congressional Testimony Library ...

  10. Microsoft Word - UEC meeting with SHUG reps 09-17-09.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Attendees- Facility Staff Lynn Kzsos (SNS) Al Ekkebus (SNS) Tony Haynes (CNMS) Laura Edwards (CNMS) Discussion of combining proposal calls, pros & cons Pros: expectations for...

  11. newton2.dvi

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Figure 3: The interior-point algorithm implemented in the MATLAB fmincon function con- ... References 1 L. Armijo. Minimization of functions having Lipschitz-continuous first ...

  12. AWS Truewind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    con":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map References: AWS Truewind Web Site1 WindNavigator2 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL...

  13. Title

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    During tlic course of ecological studies con- ducted tit the Atomic Energy Commission test ... The Sal-'.- Thrasher (Orcoacuptea montannx). Green- tailed Towhce (Chlonirti chloruru), ...

  14. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers (Spanish Version...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... El Crdito Federal por Vehculos Enchufables con Motor de Direccin Elctrica que Califiquen (Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit) est disponible para ...

  15. Quadrennial Energy Review Second Installment Electricity: Generation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Efforts are underway include the Con Edison BrooklynQueens project, which seeks to defer 1 billion in traditional distribution system upgrades with a 200 million investment in ...

  16. Switchgrass as a High-Potential Energy Crop

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... published September 1986 by the Solar Energy Research Institute. (6) This document ... After reviewing all of the pros and cons of various approaches, the Herbaceous Crops ...

  17. No Fossils in This Fuel

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Alternative sources of energy include: solar, wind, biomass, hydroelectric, geothermal, nuclear, ... What is the top speed? What are the pros and cons of this alternative-fueled car? ...

  18. Consent-Based Siting Public Meeting Small Group Discussion Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... To understand the pros and cons and the short- and long-term consequences of consent. ... dangers o Alternatives such as solar energy The local community, including ...

  19. Empirical Validation Workshop: Need and Theory

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... Tests in Standard 140 Validation Methods ProsCons Technique ... French Convector with Solar Gains and Setback Cell A, ... Internal Error Types * Differences between the actual energy ...

  20. High-Yield Feedstock and Biomass Conversion Technology for Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    assessments * Renewable energy options: * Micro-hydro ... * Wood chips for coal * Solar powered irrigation * Simple ... processing of feedstock has pros and cons: + Nutrients, min. ...

  1. ch_1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, as amended, determined that a geological repository ... obtain- ing representative con- stituent samples from the large volumes of mixed ...

  2. Acworth, New Hampshire: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    con":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map Acworth is a town in Sullivan County, New Hampshire.1 References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and...

  3. Understanding Metal Directed-Assembly Growth of Single-Crystal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The deterministic growth of oriented crystalline organic nanowires (CONs) from the vapor-solid chemical reaction (VSCR) between small-molecule reactants and metal nanoparticles has ...

  4. Consolidated Edison Solutions, Inc. ESCO Qualification Sheet...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sheet Consolidated Edison Solutions, Inc. ESCO Qualification Sheet Document outlines the energy service company (ESCO) qualifications for ConEdison Solutions. PDF icon ces

  5. Noise, sampling, and the number of projections in cone-beam CT with a flat-panel detector

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Z.; Gang, G. J.; Siewerdsen, J. H.

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To investigate the effect of the number of projection views on image noise in cone-beam CT (CBCT) with a flat-panel detector. Methods: This fairly fundamental consideration in CBCT system design and operation was addressed experimentally (using a phantom presenting a uniform medium as well as statistically motivated “clutter”) and theoretically (using a cascaded systems model describing CBCT noise) to elucidate the contributing factors of quantum noise (σ{sub Q}), electronic noise (σ{sub E}), and view aliasing (σ{sub view}). Analysis included investigation of the noise, noise-power spectrum, and modulation transfer function as a function of the number of projections (N{sub proj}), dose (D{sub tot}), and voxel size (b{sub vox}). Results: The results reveal a nonmonotonic relationship between image noise andN{sub proj} at fixed total dose: for the CBCT system considered, noise decreased with increasing N{sub proj} due to reduction of view sampling effects in the regime N{sub proj} <∼200, above which noise increased with N{sub proj} due to increased electronic noise. View sampling effects were shown to depend on the heterogeneity of the object in a direct analytical relationship to power-law anatomical clutter of the form κ/f {sup β}—and a general model of individual noise components (σ{sub Q}, σ{sub E}, and σ{sub view}) demonstrated agreement with measurements over a broad range in N{sub proj}, D{sub tot}, and b{sub vox}. Conclusions: The work elucidates fairly basic elements of CBCT noise in a manner that demonstrates the role of distinct noise components (viz., quantum, electronic, and view sampling noise). For configurations fairly typical of CBCT with a flat-panel detector (FPD), the analysis reveals a “sweet spot” (i.e., minimum noise) in the rangeN{sub proj} ∼ 250–350, nearly an order of magnitude lower in N{sub proj} than typical of multidetector CT, owing to the relatively high electronic noise in FPDs. The analysis

  6. DISCOVERY OF A STRONG LENSING GALAXY EMBEDDED IN A CLUSTER AT z = 1.62

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, Kenneth C.; Suyu, Sherry H.; Tran, Kim-Vy H.; Papovich, Casey J.; Momcheva, Ivelina G.; Brammer, Gabriel B.; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Brodwin, Mark; Gonzalez, Anthony H.; Kacprzak, Glenn G.; Rudnick, Gregory H.; Halkola, Aleksi

    2014-07-10

    We identify a strong lensing galaxy in the cluster IRC 0218 (also known as XMM-LSS J02182–05102) that is spectroscopically confirmed to be at z = 1.62, making it the highest-redshift strong lens galaxy known. The lens is one of the two brightest cluster galaxies and lenses a background source galaxy into an arc and a counterimage. With Hubble Space Telescope (HST) grism and Keck/LRIS spectroscopy, we measure the source redshift to be z {sub S} = 2.26. Using HST imaging in ACS/F475W, ACS/F814W, WFC3/F125W, and WFC3/F160W, we model the lens mass distribution with an elliptical power-law profile and account for the effects of the cluster halo and nearby galaxies. The Einstein radius is θ{sub E}=0.38{sub −0.01}{sup +0.02} arcsec (3.2{sub −0.1}{sup +0.2} kpc) and the total enclosed mass is M {sub tot}(<θ{sub E})=1.8{sub −0.1}{sup +0.2}×10{sup 11} M{sub ⊙}. We estimate that the cluster environment contributes ∼10% of this total mass. Assuming a Chabrier initial mass function (IMF), the dark matter fraction within θ{sub E} is f{sub DM}{sup Chab}=0.3{sub −0.3}{sup +0.1}, while a Salpeter IMF is marginally inconsistent with the enclosed mass (f{sub DM}{sup Salp}=−0.3{sub −0.5}{sup +0.2}). The total magnification of the source is μ{sub tot}=2.1{sub −0.3}{sup +0.4}. The source has at least one bright compact region offset from the source center. Emission from Lyα and [O III] are likely to probe different regions in the source.

  7. THE DUST PROPERTIES OF z {approx} 3 MIPS-LBGs FROM PHOTOCHEMICAL MODELS

    SciTech Connect

    Fan, X. L.; Pipino, A.; Matteucci, F.

    2013-05-10

    The stacked spectral energy distribution (SED) 24 {mu}m Lyman break galaxies (MIPS-LBGs) detected by the Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS) is fitted by means of the spectrophotometric model GRASIL with an ''educated'' fitting approach which benefits from the results of chemical evolution models. The star formation rate-age-metallicity degeneracies of SED modeling are broken by using star formation history (SFH) and chemical enrichment history suggested by chemical models. The dust mass, dust abundance, and chemical pattern of elements locked in the dust component are also directly provided by chemical models. Using our new ''fitting'' approach, we derive the total mass M{sub tot}, stellar mass M{sub *}, gas mass M{sub g} , dust mass M{sub d} , age, and star formation rate (SFR) of the stacked MIPS-LBG in a self-consistent way. Our estimate of M{sub *} = 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} of the stacked MIPS-LBG agrees with other works based on UV-optical SED fitting. We suggest that the MIPS-LBGs at z {approx} 3 are young (0.3-0.6 Gyr), massive (M{sub tot} {approx} 10{sup 11} M{sub Sun }), dusty (M{sub d} {approx} 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun }), and metal-rich (Z {approx} Z{sub Sun }) progenitors of elliptical galaxies undergoing a strong burst of star formation (SFR {approx} 200 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}). Our estimate of M{sub d} = 7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun} of the stacked MIPS-LBG is about a factor of eight lower than the estimated value based on single temperature graybody fitting, suggesting that self-consistent SED models are needed to estimate dust mass. By comparing with Milky Way molecular cloud and dust properties, we suggest that denser and dustier environments and flatter dust size distribution are likely in high-redshift massive star-forming galaxies. These dust properties, as well as the different types of SFHs, can cause different SED shapes between high-redshift star-forming ellipticals and local starburst templates. This discrepancy

  8. Concanavalin A: A potential anti-neoplastic agent targeting apoptosis, autophagy and anti-angiogenesis for cancer therapeutics

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Wen-wen; Yu, Jia-ying; Xu, Huai-long; Bao, Jin-ku

    2011-10-22

    Highlights: {yields} ConA induces cancer cell death targeting apoptosis and autophagy. {yields} ConA inhibits cancer cell angiogenesis. {yields} ConA is utilized in pre-clinical and clinical trials. -- Abstract: Concanavalin A (ConA), a Ca{sup 2+}/Mn{sup 2+}-dependent and mannose/glucose-binding legume lectin, has drawn a rising attention for its remarkable anti-proliferative and anti-tumor activities to a variety of cancer cells. ConA induces programmed cell death via mitochondria-mediated, P73-Foxo1a-Bim apoptosis and BNIP3-mediated mitochondrial autophagy. Through IKK-NF-{kappa}B-COX-2, SHP-2-MEK-1-ERK, and SHP-2-Ras-ERK anti-angiogenic pathways, ConA would inhibit cancer cell survival. In addition, ConA stimulates cell immunity and generates an immune memory, resisting to the same genotypic tumor. These biological findings shed light on new perspectives of ConA as a potential anti-neoplastic agent targeting apoptosis, autophagy and anti-angiogenesis in pre-clinical or clinical trials for cancer therapeutics.

  9. Radiological safety training for accelerator facilities: DOE handbook

    SciTech Connect

    1997-03-01

    This program management guide describes the proper implementation standard for core training as outline in the DOE Radiological Control (RadCon) Manual. Its purpose is to assist DOE employees and Managing and Operating (M&O) contractors having responsibility for implementing the core training recommended by the RadCon Manual.

  10. PDSF User Meeting 05-05-15.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Outages * None PDSF Move Update * Data m igraCon t o p roject n ew s torage: N ow * Mendel + i nstallaCon ( 3 w eeks): J uly * Mendel m ove ( 3 w eeks): A ugust * PDSF s torage...

  11. A comparison of MR and CT in suspected sacroiliitis

    SciTech Connect

    Wittram, C.; Whitehouse, G.H.; Williams, J.W.; Bucknall, R.C.

    1996-01-01

    A prospective study to compare the MR and CT images of patients with suspected sacroilitis and to establish the optimal MR sequences to demonstrate the changes of sacroilitis was conducted. Thirty-nine patients and nine controls were imaged in the axial plane, with SE T1-, T2-weighted fast spin echo (T2), T1 with fat suppression (T1WFS), and fast short T inversion recovery (fast STIR) sequences on a 1.5 T system. The sacroiliac joints of all patients were imaged with CT. The images were evaluated by two independent radiologists. Following the blinded reading, direct comparison of T1 and T1WFS, T2, and fast STIR of the CT positive group was made to determine the optimal MR sequences. The sensitivity and specificity of MR images for the detection of cortical erosions and subchondral sclerosis when compared to CT images were 100 and 94.3%, respectively; interobserver variation was low (k = 0.80). T1WFS and fast STIR images were superior to-T1 and T2 images, respectively, in demonstrating the changes of sacroilitis. MRI (T1WFS and fast STIR) can replace CT in cases with a strong clinical suspicion of sacroilitis and equivocal or normal plain radiographs. 25 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Climax Granite, Nevada Test Site, as a host for a rock mechanics test facility related to the geologic disposal of high level nuclear wastes

    SciTech Connect

    Heuze, F.E.

    1981-02-01

    This document discusses the potential of the Climax pluton, at the Nevada Test Site, as the host for a granite mechanics test facility related to the geologic disposal of high-level nuclear waste. The Climax granitic pluton has been the site of three nuclear weapons effects tests: Hard Hat, Tiny Tot, and Piledriver. Geologic exploration and mapping of the granite body were performed at the occasion of these tests. Currently, it is the site Spent Fuel Test (SFT-C) conducted in the vicinity of and at the same depth as that of the Piledriver drifts. Significant exploration, mapping, and rock mechanics work have been performed and continue at this Piledriver level - the 1400 (ft) level - in the context of SFT-C. Based on our technical discussions, and on the review of the significant geological and rock mechanics work already achieved in the Climax pluton, based also on the ongoing work and the existing access and support, it is concluded that the Climax site offers great opportunities for a rock mechanics test facility. It is not claimed, however, that Climax is the only possible site or the best possible site, since no case has been made for another granite test facility in the United States. 12 figures, 3 tables.

  13. Highly Luminescent Lanthanide Complexes of 1 Hydroxy-2-pyridinones

    SciTech Connect

    University of California, Berkeley; Lawrence National Laboratory; Raymond, Kenneth; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Jocher, Christoph J.; Castro-Rodriguez, Ingrid; Raymond, Kenneth N.

    2007-11-01

    The synthesis, X-ray structure, stability, and photophysical properties of several trivalent lanthanide complexes formed from two differing bis-bidentate ligands incorporating either alkyl or alkyl ether linkages and featuring the 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) chelate group in complex with Eu(III), Sm(III) and Gd(III) are reported. The Eu(III) complexes are among some of the best examples, pairing highly efficient emission ({Phi}{sub tot}{sup Eu} {approx} 21.5%) with high stability (pEu {approx} 18.6) in aqueous solution, and are excellent candidates for use in biological assays. A comparison of the observed behavior of the complexes with differing backbone linkages shows remarkable similarities, both in stability and photophysical properties. Low temperature photophysical measurements for a Gd(III) complex were also used to gain insight into the electronic structure, and were found to agree with corresponding TD-DFT calculations for a model complex. A comparison of the high resolution Eu(III) emission spectra in solution and from single crystals also revealed a more symmetric coordination geometry about the metal ion in solution due to dynamic rotation of the observed solid state structure.

  14. Me-3,2-HOPO Complexes of Near Infra-Red (NIR) Emitting Lanthanides: Efficient Sensitization of Yb(III) and Nd(III) in Aqueous Solution

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Dodani, Sheel; Jocher, Christoph; D'Aleo, Anthony; Seitz, Michael; Raymond, Kenneth

    2009-11-10

    The synthesis, X-ray structure, solution stability, and photophysical properties of several trivalent lanthanide complexes of Yb(III) and Nd(III) using both tetradentate and octadentate ligand design strategies and incorporating the 1-methyl-3-hydroxy-pyridin-2-one (Me-3,2-HOPO) chelate group are reported. Both the Yb(III) and Nd(III) complexes have emission bands in the Near Infra-Red (NIR) region, and this luminescence is retained in aqueous solution ({Phi}{sub tot}{sup Yb} {approx} 0.09-0.22%). Furthermore, the complexes demonstrate very high stability (pYb {approx} 18.8-21.9) in aqueous solution, making them good candidates for further development as probes for NIR imaging. Analysis of the low temperature (77 K) photophysical measurements for a model Gd(III) complex were used to gain an insight into the electronic structure, and were found to agree well with corresponding TD-DFT calculations at the B3LYP/6-311G{sup ++}(d,p) level of theory for a simplified model monovalent sodium complex.

  15. BARYON LOADING OF ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS JETS MEDIATED BY NEUTRONS

    SciTech Connect

    Toma, K.; Takahara, F.

    2012-08-01

    Plasmas of geometrically thick, black hole (BH) accretion flows in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are generally collisionless for protons, and involve magnetic field turbulence. Under such conditions a fraction of protons can be accelerated stochastically and create relativistic neutrons via nuclear collisions. These neutrons can freely escape from the accretion flow and decay into protons in the dilute polar region above the rotating BH to form relativistic jets. We calculate geometric efficiencies of the neutron energy and mass injections into the polar region, and show that this process can deposit luminosity as high as L{sub j}{approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} M-dot c{sup 2} and mass loading M-dot{sub j}{approx}6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} M-dot for the case of the BH mass M {approx} 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun }, where M-dot is the mass accretion rate. The terminal Lorentz factors of the jets are {Gamma} {approx} 3, and they may explain the AGN jets having low luminosities. For higher luminosity jets, which can be produced by additional energy inputs such as Poynting flux, the neutron decay still can be a dominant mass loading process, leading to, e.g., {Gamma} {approx} 50 for L{sub j,tot}{approx}3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -2} M-dot c{sup 2}.

  16. The Nature of the Emission Components in the Quasar / NLS1 PG 1211+143

    SciTech Connect

    Janiuk, Agnieszka; Czerny, Bozena; Madejski, Greg M.; /SLAC

    2006-03-01

    We present the study of the emission properties of the quasar PG1211+143, which belongs to the class of Narrow Line Seyfert 1 galaxies. On the basis of observational data analyzed by us and collected from the literature, we study the temporal and spectral variability of the source in the optical/UV/X-ray bands and we propose a model that explains the spectrum emitted in this broad energy range. In this model, the intrinsic emission originating in the warm skin of the accretion disk is responsible for the spectral component that is dominant in the softest X-ray range. The shape of reflected spectrum as well as Fe K line detected in hard X-rays require the reflecting medium to be mildly ionized ({zeta} {approx} 500). We identify this reflector with the warm skin of the disk and we show that the heating of the skin is consistent with the classical {alpha}P{sub tot} prescription, while {alpha}P{sub gas} option is at least two orders of magnitude too low to provide the required heating. We find that the mass of the central black hole is relatively small (M{sub BH} {approx} 10{sup 7} - 10{sup 8} M{sub {circle_dot}}), which is consistent with the Broad Line Region mapping results and characteristic for NLS1 class.

  17. Do Nuclear Star Clusters and Supermassive Black Holes Follow the Same Host-Galaxy Correlations?

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Erwin, Peter; Gadotti, Dimitri Alexei

    2012-01-01

    Smore » tudies have suggested that there is a strong correlation between the masses of nuclear star clusters (NSCs) and their host galaxies, a correlation which is said to be an extension of the well-known correlations between supermassive black holes (SMBHs) and their host galaxies. But careful analysis of disk galaxies—including 2D bulge/disk/bar decompositions—shows that whileMBHs correlate with the stellar mass of the bulge component of galaxies, the masses of NSCs correlate much better with the total galaxy stellar mass. In addition, the mass ratio M NSC / M ⋆ ,  tot for NSCs in spirals (at least those with Hubble typesc and later) is typically an order of magnitude smaller than the mass ratio M BH / M ⋆ ,  bul ofMBHs. The absence of a universal “central massive object” correlation argues against common formation and growth mechanisms for bothMBHs and NSCs. We also discuss evidence for a break in the NSC-host galaxy correlation, galaxies with Hubble types earlier thanbc appear to host systematically more massive NSCs than do typesc and later.« less

  18. Preliminary Analysis and Case Study of Transmission Constraints and Wind Energy in the West: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Milligan, M.; Berger, D. P.

    2005-05-01

    Wind developers typically need long-term transmission service to finance their projects; however, most of the capacity on several key paths is reserved by existing firm contracts. Because non-firm contracts are only offered for periods up to 1 year, obtaining financing for the wind project is generally not possible when firm capacity is unavailable. However, sufficient capacity may exist on the constrained paths for new wind projects that can risk curtailment for a small number of hours of the year. This paper presents the results of a study sponsored by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a work group participant in the Rocky Mountain Area Transmission Study (RMATS). Using recent historical power flow data, case studies were conducted on the constrained paths between Wyoming-Colorado (TOT3) and Montana-Northwest, coinciding with areas of exceptional wind resources. The potential curtailment frequency for hypothetical 100-MW and 500-MW wind plants was calculated using hourly wind data. The results from the study indicate that sufficient potential exists for innovative transmission products that can help bring more wind to load centers and increase the efficiency of the existing transmission network.

  19. Linearity Testing of Photovoltaic Cells

    SciTech Connect

    Emery, K.; Winter, S.; Pinegar, S.; Nalley, D.

    2006-01-01

    Photovoltaic devices are rated in terms of their peak power with respect to a specific spectrum, total irradiance, and temperature. To rate photovoltaic devices, a reference detector is required whose response is linear with total irradiance. This paper describes a procedure to determine the linearity of the short-circuit current (I{sub sc}) versus the total irradiance (E{sub tot}) by illuminating a reference cell with two lamps. A device is linear if the current measured with both lamps illuminating the cell is the same as the sum of the currents with each lamp illuminating the cell. The two-lamp method is insensitive to the light spectra or spatial nonuniformity changing with irradiance. The two-lamp method is rapid, easy to implement, and does not require operator intervention to change the irradiances. The presence of room light only limits the lowest irradiance that can be evaluated. Unlike other methods, the two-lamp method does not allow the current to be corrected for nonlinear effects.

  20. 2,3,7,8-TCDD enhances the sensitivity of mice to concanavalin A immune-mediated liver injury

    SciTech Connect

    Fullerton, Aaron M.; Roth, Robert A.; Ganey, Patricia E.

    2013-01-15

    Inflammation plays a major role in immune-mediated liver injury, and exposure to environmental pollutants such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) has been reported to alter the inflammatory response as well as affect immune cell activity. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that TCDD pretreatment exacerbates hepatotoxicity in a murine model of immune-mediated liver injury induced by concanavalin A (Con A) administration. Mice were pretreated with 30 ?g/kg TCDD or vehicle control on day zero and then given either Con A or saline intravenously on day four. Mice treated with TCDD did not develop liver injury; however, TCDD pretreatment increased liver injury resulting from moderate doses of Con A (410 mg/kg). TCDD-pretreated mice had altered plasma concentrations of inflammatory cytokines, including interferon gamma (IFN?), and TCDD/Con A-induced hepatotoxicity was attenuated in IFN? knockout mice. At various times after treatment, intrahepatic immune cells were isolated, and expression of cell activation markers as well as cytolytic proteins was determined. TCDD pretreatment increased the proportion of activated natural killer T (NKT) cells and the percent of cells expressing Fas ligand (FasL) after Con A administration. In addition FasL knockout mice and mice treated with CD18 antiserum were both protected from TCDD/Con A-induced hepatotoxicity, suggesting a requirement for direct cellcell interaction between effector immune cells and parenchymal cell targets in the development of liver injury from TCDD/Con A treatment. In summary, exposure to TCDD increased NKT cell activation and exacerbated immune-mediated liver injury induced by Con A through a mechanism involving IFN? and FasL expression. -- Highlights: ? TCDD pretreatment sensitizes mice to Con A-induced hepatotoxicity. ? TCDD pretreatment increased concentration of IFN? in plasma after Con A. ? Con A-induced activation of NKT cells was increased by TCDD pretreatment. ? FasL-positive NKT cells

  1. Real-Time Characterization of Special Nuclear Materials

    SciTech Connect

    Walston, Sean; Candy, Jim; Chambers, Dave; Chandrasekaran, Hema; Snyderman, Neal

    2015-09-04

    When confronting an item that may contain nuclear material, it is urgently necessary to determine its characteristics. Our goal is to provide accurate information with high-con dence as rapidly as possible.

  2. SolarTec AG | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    SolarTec AG Place: Munich, Bavaria, Germany Product: Developing a technology it calls Sol*Con- 700x Fresnel concentrators for use with gallium arsenide or germanium cells, also...

  3. Consolidated Edison Sol Inc (Texas) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Consolidated Edison Sol Inc Place: Texas Phone Number: 1-888-320-8991 Website: www.conedsolutions.comHome.as Twitter: @ConEdSolutions Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  4. Consolidated Edison Sol Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Consolidated Edison Sol Inc Place: New York Phone Number: 1-888-320-8991 or 1-800-316-8011 Website: www.conedsolutions.comHome.as Twitter: https:twitter.comConEdSolutions...

  5. Consolidated Edison Sol Inc (Massachusetts) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Consolidated Edison Sol Inc Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: (781) 203-2700 Website: www.conedsolutions.comHome.as Twitter: @ConEdSolutions Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  6. Consolidated Edison Sol Inc (Illinois) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Consolidated Edison Sol Inc Place: Illinois Phone Number: 1-888-210-8899 Website: www.conedsolutions.comResiden Twitter: @ConEdSolutions Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  7. City of Dallas- Residential and Commercial Green Building Requirements

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Notably, Dallas became the first U.S. city to adopt the 2012 International Green Construction Code (with amendments, hereafter Dallas Green Construction Code) as mandatory for new commercial cons...

  8. Microsoft Word - 6 Los Alamos National Lab Community Leaders...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    they do for the community. * I would like to see an improvement in information on the pros and cons of environmental issues. Present a very even picture, that way the reports...

  9. Resea de gas natural, Programa de Tecnologas de Vehculos...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    visite las pginas sobre gas natural del AFDC en www.afdc.energy.gov. El sitio Web "NGV Amrica", en www.ngvc.org, tambin cuenta con mucha informacin sobre gas...

  10. Ayuda:Crear una nueva pgina | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    en una pgina wiki se asemeja a lo siguiente: http:www.ejemplo.netindex.phpARTICULO o http:www.ejemplo.netwikiARTICULO Si reemplazamos ARTICULO con el nombre de la...

  11. 2010 Smart Grid Peer Review Day One Afternoon Presentations ...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Day One of the Peer Review are below: SG 2010 Peer Review - Interoperability of Demand Response Resources in NY - John Giacona, Con Edison.pdf (136.45 KB) SG 2010 Peer Review - ...

  12. 2012 Smart Grid Peer Review Presentations - Day 2 Second Afternoon...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    - Bill Becker, Spirae (978.28 KB) 2012 SG Peer Review - Interoperability of Demand Response Resources in New York - Andre Wellington, ConEd NY (136.92 KB) 2012 SG Peer Review ...

  13. PPaAJ~f~-"'

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... in tie course,.axnithin tim ooopo of. the weak mder tM6 cuctnat, und vtich have born used, tcatoc and cdodled in any portion of tbo work mdsr this contrnct. %.a Cons ...

  14. Renewable Energy and Inter-Island Power Transmission (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Gevorgian, V.

    2011-05-01

    This presentation summarizes recent findings pertaining to inter-island connection of renewable and other energy sources, in particular, as these findings relate cable options, routing, specifications, and pros and cons.

  15. New Directions in Fuels Technology

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    All fuels have their pros and cons that become evident at large scale, and while biofuels are a critical part of the energy future, they are not the only solution

  16. Quadrennial Energy Review Public Meeting #13: Energy Infrastructure...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... of buildings are burning heavy fuel oil. ... To accommodate these projects, Con Edison added about a quarter of a mile of pipeline and ... has suppressed gas prices in the area. ...

  17. Translation--Final Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... de Proteccin de Ro P.O. Box 450, Mail Stop H6-60 Richland, WA 99352 TC&WMEIS@saic.com Fax: 509-376-7701 - Telfono: 888-829-6347 Para ver documentos relacionados con el ...

  18. Enterprise Assessments Review of the Hanford Site Waste Treatment...

    Energy Saver

    ... for UPS System (UPE-UPS-20201 and 20202) * CDR number 24590-WTP-CDR-CON-09-0217, NRTLCSA Certification of UPS systems * National Electric Code - NFPA-70-1999 Interviews * Field ...

  19. TO : F. R, Dolling, Director, Oak Rids Operations Cffice

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... It is hoped that the following in?ormation will also help you in srriving at R decision as to whether money should be spent to con- duct a survey at this time. 1. The materis& ...

  20. G I A. J. Brcslill, Director halt:: Protection Ci&ieerirG Divisio...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    I Con&ad's air sampling ar;d urine arlalysi, - records were rehwed a:,d are summarized in tile attachd table; Txe table lists oi& maximum ree:li:;:.L: for eaci: period. Average ...

  1. Doing Business with DOE's Solid-State Lighting Program

    Energy Saver

    and businesses that use substan- tially less electricity, making them less dependent on fossil fuels. The U.S. Department of Energy con- ducts a comprehensive R&D program to...

  2. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook

    is shown comparing this year's data to monthly data from last year. There are pros and cons to comparing current weekly numbers to last year's monthly or weekly data. Comparing...

  3. Wave Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wave Energy Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Description 2 History 3 Technology 4 Current and Possible Wave Farms 5 Pros and Cons Description Wave energy (or wave power) is...

  4. SAND2008-7053

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... the potential efficient removal of CO 2 from the flue gas ... then a NH 2 COOH ("carbamic acid") complex is formed via ... These include the con- densation of amino acids to form ...

  5. The Economics of Micro Grids

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Go Electric New York ConEd Utility * 2,100kW battery energy storage * 800kW generators 2,900,000 contribution CA San Diego Gas & Electric Utility * 1,460kW battery ...

  6. EERE Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    us at Baltimore Comic-Con for a discussion on the interplay of energy, cinema and television. September 22, 2015 Colorado Kicks Off Home Energy Score Program to Benefit Home...

  7. Energy Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    us at Baltimore Comic-Con for a discussion on the interplay of energy, cinema and television. September 15, 2015 Explore this infographic to see how the Energy Department is...

  8. Interconnecting PV on New York City's Secondary Network Distribution System

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, K.; Coddington, M.; Burman, K.; Hayter, S.; Kroposki, B.; Watson, A.

    2009-12-01

    This study describes technical assistance provided by NREL to help New York City and Con Edison improve the interconnection of distributed PV systems on a secondary network distribution system.

  9. NY-Sun PV Incentive Program (Residential, Low-Income, and Small Business)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    NYSERDA has established separate megawatt (MW) budgets for different regions of the state. These MW block targets are specified for three regions: areas served by Con Edison, areas served by PSEG...

  10. Energy Awareness Quiz

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Tell students that the environmental problem that gets the most attention these days is global warming and the green- house effect. Ask students to list ways that everyone con-...

  11. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Treasure Homes, Sacramento, California

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2013-09-01

    The builder worked with SMUD, DOE, NREL, and ConSol to build HERS-54 homes with high-efficiency HVAC, ducts buried in attic insulation, SmartVent cooling, and rooftop PV..

  12. Ayuda:Firmas | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    - dos guiones (o un guin largo) junto con cuatro virgulillas (-- ) - deriva de la red Usenet, donde los dos guiones definen un bloque de firma. La cadena real de la firma...

  13. Data Center Energy Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Center Energy Efficiency In 2014, data centers in the U.S. con- sumed an estimated 70 billion kWh, 1.8% of total U.S. electricity consump- tion. 1 Thus, it is no surprise that both ...

  14. Ayuda:Pginas de usuarios | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    de sus intereses guardan relacin con el tema de la pgina wiki, como tambin hablar de sus contribuciones o las reas en la cuales usted desea trabajar. User scratchpad...

  15. V

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Agnew) an environmental survey has been conducted one Tract 00 of Eastern Area No. 3. The field and chemistry work was con- ducted during 1975 and 1976 with the.results now ...

  16. TO: FILE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Con' trol E Health .Physics Protection 0 AECllED managed operations c Little or None G AECMED responsible for C .AECr*,ED responsibility accountability E Contractoi'responsibili...

  17. Science and Society-Consequences of engineering

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le conférencier Mons.Rorsch parle des possibles conséquences économiques et culturelles de la technologie en générale, aussi pour l'environnement

  18. BPA-2012-00412-FOIA Response

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Act (FOIA) 5 U.S. 552. You rea nested a con y of: 1. Rate 13PA pays contracting agency, TEKSystems, for contract employee Michael J. Rice (myself) 2. The official...

  19. #askEnergy: Live Twitter Chat with A Solar Expert | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    To participate, send your questions and comments using askEnergy. Whether you want to know the pros and cons of cad telluride or how solar panels work - no question is too basic ...

  20. OpenEI:Projects/Data Access | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and Mac (at least for Macs with Excel 2011+) Con: can only save results to cells (not to VBA variables for further processing) Link: http:www.officekb.comUweForum.aspx...

  1. LBL--29472 DE91

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    This work supported by the Director, Office 11 of Energy Research, Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Science Divi- sion, U. S. Department of Energy under con- ...

  2. Interactive Protein Manipulation Oliver Kreylos

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... and their connectivity, are defined by a set of template files, one for each residue type. ... first, and then used con- strained energy optimization to form secondary structures 9. ...

  3. Xcel Energy- Solar*Rewards Community Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Legislation approved in 2010 allowed for the development of "community solar gardens" in Colorado. Under the rules of traditional net metering, a utility customer may offset their electricity con...

  4. Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    ... and 120: Fundamentals of Contracting, CON 101, (C) is a general survey course in ... Personnel accepted for this course will receive a math review book and are encouraged to ...

  5. Energy Department and Federal Efforts to Support Utility Power...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... For example, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers deployed water pumps to a flooded Con Edison power substation in New York to help clear out the water - a necessary step before the ...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Voluntary Time of Use (TOU) Rate Price Guarantee - Con Edison Under the voluntary TOU rate, residential customers will pay a reduced price for...

  7. Ahorre Energía

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... En forma similar, podr encontrar estaciones de combustible alternativo-como E85-y ... funcionar con E85 (85% de etanol, 15% de gasolina) y otras mezclas de etanol y gasolina. ...

  8. SWRHL-22r OFF-SITE SURVEILLANCE ACTIVITIES OF THE SOUTHWESTERN...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... four reactor experiments were con- ducted on the Nuclear Rocket Development Station.' ... between the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission(AEC) and the Pr,blic Health Service(PHS). ...

  9. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Better Business for Builders Webinar...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... appropriateness and the pros and cons of each of these. ... But ENERGY STAR -- excuse me, what Indoor airPLUS does is ... required in these high-solar regions, and they're ...

  10. Building America Update - March 6, 2014 | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... expert, will present the pros and cons of these ... Version 3 of the ENERGY STAR Certified Homes program, a ... form walls, photovoltaics, solar water heating, and fur-up ...

  11. CRENEL Response - FINAL WITHOUT transmittal letter 3.pdf

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... down the cost of wind and solar, batteries and LEDs, and ... the nuclear Department of Energy | February 2016 ... structure, and compared the pros and cons of each. 2. The ...

  12. DOE Challenge Home Program Happy New Year!

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Over the last twelve months we introduced a new Zero Energy ... Innovation Awards at the Solar Decathlon featuring 19 DOE ... You'll learn the pros and cons of these strategies so you ...

  13. DOE Challenge Home Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    solar ready details where there is a strong solar resource. ... Zero energy ready homes sounded like such a huge leap for ... of air, will share the pros and cons of these ...

  14. DOE-HDBK-1145-2008

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities Replaced by DOE-HDBK-1145-2013 This program management guide describes the proper implementation standard for core training as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control (RadCon) Standard.

  15. DOE-HDBK-1145-2001

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities Replaced by DOE-HDBK-1145-2001 This program management guide describes the proper implementation standard for core training as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control (RadCon) Standard.

  16. TBB-0042- In the Matter of Curtis Hall

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This letter concerns the complaint of retaliation filed by Curtis Hall (the complainant or Mr. Hall) with the Department of Energy under 10 C . F. R. Part 7 0 8 , the DOE Con tractor Employee ...

  17. Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    en casa? | Photo courtesy of Joe Guasti, Bergey Windpower Co., Inc.. Ahorra energa y dinero con el viento: 5 pasos antes de invertir en un nuevo sistema elico Te interesa en...

  18. "2014 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Total"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...3,393685,35089.3,8.9130396 "Coos-Curry Electric Coop, ...,598333,28491.3,4.7617798 "Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, ... "City of Sturgeon Bay - (WI)","WI","Municipal",873...

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of the Basque government. This work was supported in part by the U.S Department of Energy under con- tract DE-AC02-06CH11357 and was completed with resources provided by the...

  20. Ayuda:Redirecciones | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pueden ser muy tiles en el caso de que un artculo sea definido con varios nombres o que presente una puntuacin distinta, est escrita en maysculas o que su ortografa...

  1. 2011 - 04 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Phishing Alert Mon, 04252011 - 3:00pm RadCon Hosts Webinar on April 26: Lessons of Fukushima Daiichi Wed, 04132011 - 3:00pm Get in on Home Energy Savings With 'Next Step' ...

  2. Orange and Rockland Case Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0 2012 Orange and Rockland Case Study 1 Voltage Control Device A "Model-Centric" Approach to Smarter Electric Distribution Systems Orange and Rockland Utilities (ORU), is an investor-owned utility and a subsidiary of Consolidated Edison Incorporated (Con Edison), and is located in suburban New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, west of New York City. ORU is a key participant in Con Edison's $272 million Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) project to modernize electric distribution

  3. DOE-HDBK-1110-2008

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    ALARA Training for Technical Support Personnel This Handbook describes a recommended implementation process for training as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard (RadCon Standard). The Handbook is to assist those individuals within Department of Energy (DOE), Managing and Operating (M&O) contractors, and Managing and Integrating (M&I) contractors, identified as having responsibility for implementing the training recommended by the RadCon Standard.

  4. Framework for Adaptable Operating and Runtime Systems: Final Project Report

    SciTech Connect

    Patrick G. Bridges

    2012-02-01

    In this grant, we examined a wide range of techniques for constructing high-performance con#12;gurable system software for HPC systems and its application to DOE-relevant problems. Overall, research and development on this project focused in three specifc areas: (1) software frameworks for constructing and deploying con#12;gurable system software, (2) applcation of these frameworks to HPC-oriented adaptable networking software, (3) performance analysis of HPC system software to understand opportunities for performance optimization.

  5. Radio frequency (RF) microwave components and subsystems using loaded ridge waveguide

    DOEpatents

    Kang, Yoon W.

    2013-08-20

    A waveguide having a non-conductive material with a high permeability (.mu., .mu..sub.r for relative permeability) and/or a high permittivity (.di-elect cons., .di-elect cons..sub.r for relative permittivity) positioned within a housing. When compared to a hollow waveguide, the waveguide of this invention, reduces waveguide dimensions by .varies..mu. ##EQU00001## The waveguide of this invention further includes ridges which further reduce the size and increases the usable frequency bandwidth.

  6. Highlights of SunShot Projects: Interconnection as Part of a Strategic Resources Planning Process

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Highlights of SunShot Projects: Interconnection as Part of a Strategic Resource Planning Process" Virginia Lacy and Mark Dyson with RMI Electricity Practice and Alison Kling with Con Edison September 24, 2014 2 Speakers Alison Kling Distributed Generation Specialist Con Edison Virgina Lacy Principal RMI Electricity Practice Kristen Ardani Solar Analyst National Renewable Energy Laboratory (DGIC moderator) Mark Dyson Senior Associate RMI Electricity Practice A POTENTIAL eLAB INITIATIVE

  7. Characteristics of oligosaccharides from rat parotid (RP) N-linked glycoproteins (GP) after. beta. -adrenoreceptor (. beta. -AR) stimulation

    SciTech Connect

    Baum, B.J.; Yeh, C.K.; Kousvelari, E.E.

    1987-05-01

    The authors have shown that ..beta..-AR stimulation of RP cells leads to marked enhancement of N-linked glycosylation in 4 secretory GP (Mrapprox.220Kd, HMW;approx.32-38Kd, MMW;approx.17Kd, LMW). To characterize oligosaccharides in GP, cells were incubated 60 min +/- isoproterenol (ISO) and analyzed 2 ways. First, cell extracts were subjected to SDS-PAGE and Western blotting with peroxidase-conjugated Con A or wheat germ agglutinin (WGA). Second, double-labeled (/sup 3/H) man//sup 14/C leu) extracts were chromatographed on G200 followed by analysis of GP on Con A-Sepharose. HMW from control (CON) and ISO cells were Endo H insensitive, Endo F sensitive, altered by incubation with deoxynojirimycin (dNM), and bound both Con A and WGA conjugates. Similar findings were observed with LMW while MMW were sensitive to Endo H and Endo F, unaffected by dNM, bound Con A (strongly) and WGA (weakly). MMW and LMW were primarily eluted from Con A-Sepharose with 0.5M ..cap alpha..-methyl mannoside (..cap alpha..-MM) while HMW were eluted sequentially with 10 mM ..cap alpha..-methyl glucoside and ..cap alpha..-MM. HMW, MMW, and LMW had approx.4 fold higher /sup 3/H//sup 14/C ratios after ISO. These results suggest HMW and LMW likely contain biantennary complex and hybrid oligosaccharides while MMW contain only high mannose oligosaccharide types.

  8. INSIGHTS INTO SURFACE HYDROGENATION IN THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM: OBSERVATIONS OF METHANIMINE AND METHYL AMINE IN Sgr B2(N)

    SciTech Connect

    Halfen, D. T.; Ziurys, L. M.; Ilyushin, V. V. E-mail: lziurys@as.arizona.edu

    2013-04-10

    Multiple observations of methanimine (CH{sub 2}NH) and methyl amine (CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2}) have been performed toward Sgr B2(N) at 1, 2, and 3 mm using the Submillimeter Telescope and the 12 m antenna of the Arizona Radio Observatory. In the frequency range 68-280 GHz, 23 transitions of CH{sub 2}NH and 170 lines of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2} have been observed as individual, distinguishable features, although some are partially blended with other lines. For CH{sub 2}NH, the line profiles indicate V{sub LSR} = 64.2 {+-} 1.4 km s{sup -1} and {Delta}V{sub 1/2} = 13.8 {+-} 2.8 km s{sup -1}, while V{sub LSR} = 63.7 {+-} 1.6 km s{sup -1} and {Delta}V{sub 1/2} = 15.1 {+-} 3.0 km s{sup -1} for CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2}, parameters that are very similar to those of other organic species in Sgr B2(N). From these data, rotational diagrams were constructed for both species. In the case of CH{sub 2}NH, a rotational temperature of T{sub rot} = 44 {+-} 13 K and a column density of N{sub tot} = (9.1 {+-} 4.4) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2} were determined from the analysis. For CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2}, T{sub rot} = 159 {+-} 30 K and N{sub tot} = (5.0 {+-} 0.9) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} cm{sup -2}, indicating that this species is present in much warmer gas than CH{sub 2}NH. The fractional abundances for CH{sub 2}NH and CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2} were established to be f (H{sub 2}) Almost-Equal-To 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} and f (H{sub 2}) Almost-Equal-To 1.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9}, respectively. It has been proposed that CH{sub 2}NH is formed on grains via hydrogenation of HCN; further hydrogenation of CH{sub 2}NH on surfaces leads to CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2}. However, given the dissimilarity between the rotational temperatures and distributions of CH{sub 2}NH and CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2} in Sgr B2, it is improbable that these species are closely related synthetically, at least in this source. Both CH{sub 2}NH and CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2} are more likely created by neutral-neutral processes in

  9. In situ dehydration behavior of zeolite-like pentagonite: A single-crystal X-ray study

    SciTech Connect

    Danisi, Rosa Micaela; Armbruster, Thomas; Lazic, Biljana

    2013-01-15

    The structural modifications upon heating of pentagonite, Ca(VO)(Si{sub 4}O{sub 10}){center_dot}4H{sub 2}O (space group Ccm2{sub 1}, a=10.3708(2), b=14.0643(2), c=8.97810(10) A, V=1309.53(3) A{sup 3}) were investigated by in situ temperature dependent single-crystal X-ray structure refinements. Diffraction data of a sample from Poona district (India) have been measured in steps of 25 up to 250 Degree-Sign C and in steps of 50 Degree-Sign C between 250 and 400 Degree-Sign C. Pentagonite has a porous framework structure made up by layers of silicate tetrahedra connected by V{sup 4+}O{sub 5} square pyramids. Ca and H{sub 2}O molecules are extraframework occupants. Room temperature diffraction data allowed refinement of H positions. The hydrogen-bond system links the extraframework occupants to the silicate layers and also interconnects the H{sub 2}O molecules located inside the channels. Ca is seven-fold coordinated forming four bonds to O of the tetrahedral framework and three bonds to extraframework H{sub 2}O. The H{sub 2}O molecule at O9 showing a high displacement parameter is not bonded to Ca. The dehydration in pentagonite proceeds in three steps. At 100 Degree-Sign C the H{sub 2}O molecule at O8 was released while O9 moved towards Ca. As a consequence the displacement parameter of H{sub 2}O at O9 halved compared to that at room temperature. The unit-cell volume decreased to 1287.33(3) A{sup 3} leading to a formula with 3H{sub 2}O per formula unit (pfu). Ca remained seven-fold coordinated. At 175 Degree-Sign C Ca(VO)(Si{sub 4}O{sub 10}){center_dot}3H{sub 2}O transformed into a new phase with 1H{sub 2}O molecule pfu characterized by doubling of the c axis and the monoclinic space group Pn. Severe bending of specific T--O--T angles led to contraction of the porous three-dimensional framework. In addition, H{sub 2}O at O9 was expelled while H{sub 2}O at O7 approached a position in the center of the channel. The normalized volume decreased to 1069.44(9) A{sup 3

  10. A Historical Evaluation of the U15 Complex, Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect

    Drollinger, Harold; Holz, Barbara A; Bullard, Thomas F; Goldenberg, Nancy G; Ashbaugh, Laurence J; Griffin, Wayne R

    2014-01-09

    This report presents a historical evaluation of the U15 Complex on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) in southern Nevada. The work was conducted by the Desert Research Institute at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office and the U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Three underground nuclear tests and two underground nuclear fuel storage experiments were conducted at the complex. The nuclear tests were Hard Hat in 1962, Tiny Tot in 1965, and Pile Driver in 1966. The Hard Hat and Pile Driver nuclear tests involved different types of experiment sections in test drifts at various distances from the explosion in order to determine which sections could best survive in order to design underground command centers. The Tiny Tot nuclear test involved an underground cavity in which the nuclear test was executed. It also provided data in designing underground structures and facilities to withstand a nuclear attack. The underground nuclear fuel storage experiments were Heater Test 1 from 1977 to 1978 and Spent Fuel Test - Climax from 1978 to 1985. Heater Test 1 was used to design the later Spent Fuel Test - Climax experiment. The latter experiment was a model of a larger underground storage facility and primarily involved recording the conditions of the spent fuel and the surrounding granite medium. Fieldwork was performed intermittently in the summers of 2011 and 2013, totaling 17 days. Access to the underground tunnel complex is sealed and unavailable. Restricted to the surface, four buildings, four structures, and 92 features associated with nuclear testing and fuel storage experiment activities at the U15 Complex have been recorded. Most of these are along the west side of the complex and next to the primary access road and are characteristic of an industrial mining site, albeit one with scientific interests. The geomorphological fieldwork was conducted over three days in the

  11. IDENTIFICATION OF KCN IN IRC+10216: EVIDENCE FOR SELECTIVE CYANIDE CHEMISTRY

    SciTech Connect

    Pulliam, R. L.; Ziurys, L. M.; Savage, C.; Agundez, M.; Cernicharo, J.; Guelin, M.

    2010-12-20

    A new interstellar molecule, KCN, has been identified toward the circumstellar envelope of the carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch star, IRC+10216-the fifth metal cyanide species to be detected in space. Fourteen rotational transitions of this T-shaped, asymmetric top were searched for in the frequency range of 83-250 GHz using the Arizona Radio Observatory (ARO) 12 m Kitt Peak antenna, the IRAM 30 m telescope, and the ARO Submillimeter Telescope. Distinct lines were measured for 10 of these transitions, including the K{sub a} = 1 and 2 asymmetry components of the J = 11 {yields} 10 and J = 10 {yields} 9 transitions, i.e., the K-ladder structure distinct to an asymmetric top. These data are some of the most sensitive astronomical spectra at {lambda} {approx} 1 and 3 mm obtained to date, with 3{sigma} noise levels {approx}0.3 mK, made possible by new ALMA technology. The line profiles from the ARO and IRAM telescopes are consistent with a shell-like distribution for KCN with r{sub outer} {approx} 15'', but with an inner shell radius that extends into warmer gas. The column density for KCN in IRC+10216 was found to be N{sub tot} {approx} 1.0 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} with a rotational temperature of T{sub rot} {approx} 53 K. The fractional abundance was calculated to be f(KCN/H{sub 2}) {approx} 6 x 10{sup -10}, comparable to that of KCl. The presence of KCN in IRC+10216, along with MgNC, MgCN, NaCN, and AlNC, suggests that cyanide/isocyanide species are the most common metal-containing molecules in carbon-rich circumstellar gas.

  12. DETECTION OF FeCN (X {sup 4}{Delta}{sub i} ) IN IRC+10216: A NEW INTERSTELLAR MOLECULE

    SciTech Connect

    Zack, L. N.; Halfen, D. T.; Ziurys, L. M.

    2011-06-01

    A new interstellar molecule, FeCN (X {sup 4}{Delta}{sub i} ), has been detected in the envelope of the carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch star, IRC+10216. This work is the first definitive detection of an iron-bearing molecule in the interstellar medium and is based on newly measured rest frequencies. Eight successive rotational transitions of this linear free radical in the lowest spin ladder, {Omega} = 7/2, were observed at 2 and 3 mm using the Arizona Radio Observatory (ARO) 12 m telescope. Three transitions appear as single, unblended features at the 1-2 mK level and exhibit characteristic IRC+10216 line profiles; one had previously been observed with the IRAM 30 m telescope. Two other transitions are partially blended, but exhibit distinct emission at the FeCN frequencies. The remaining transitions are either completely contaminated, or are too high in energy. Comparison of the ARO and IRAM data suggests a source size for FeCN of {approx}30'' in IRC+10216, indicating an outer shell distribution, as expected for a free radical. The column density derived for FeCN is N{sub tot} = 8.6 x 10{sup 11} cm{sup -2} with a rotational temperature of T{sub rot} = 21 K. The fractional abundance of this molecule is [FeCN]/[H{sub 2}] {approx} 2-7 x 10{sup -10}-comparable to that of MgCN and KCN in IRC+10216. FeCN is likely formed by gas-phase reactions of Fe{sup +} or neutral iron; the latter has a significant gas-phase abundance in the outer shell. The detection of FeCN is further evidence that metal cyanides/isocyanides dominate the chemistry of refractory elements in IRC+10216.

  13. 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO): In Vitro Formation of Highly Stable Lanthanide Complexes Translates into Efficacious In Vivo Europium Decorporation

    SciTech Connect

    Sturzbecher-Hoehne, Manuel; Ng Pak Leung, Clara; Daleo, Anthony; Kullgren, Birgitta; Prigent, Anne-Laure; Shuh, David K.; Raymond, Kenneth N.; Abergel, Rebecca J.

    2011-07-13

    The spermine-based hydroxypyridonate octadentate chelator 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) was investigated for its ability to act as an antennae that sensitizes the emission of Sm{sup III}, Eu{sup III}, and Tb{sup III} in the Visible range (Φ{sub tot} = 0.2 - 7%) and the emission of Pr{sup III}, Nd{sup III}, Sm{sup III}, and Yb{sup III} in the Near Infra-Red range, with decay times varying from 1.78 μs to 805 μs at room temperature. The particular luminescence spectroscopic properties of these lanthanide complexes formed with 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) were used to characterize their respective solution thermodynamic stabilities as well as those of the corresponding La{sup III}, Gd{sup III}, Dy{sup III}, Ho{sup III}, Er{sup III}, Tm{sup III}, and Lu{sup III} complexes. The remarkably high affinity of 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) for lanthanide metal ions and the resulting high complex stabilities (pM values ranging from 17.2 for La{sup III} to 23.1 for Yb{sup III}) constitute a necessary but not sufficient criteria to consider this octadentate ligand an optimal candidate for in vivo metal decorporation. The in vivo lanthanide complex stability and decorporation capacity of the ligand were assessed, using the radioactive isotope {sup 152}Eu as a tracer in a rodent model, which provided a direct comparison with the in vitro thermodynamic results and demonstrated the great potential of 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) as a therapeutic metal chelating agent.

  14. Intergalactic medium emission observations with the cosmic web imager. I. The circum-QSO medium of QSO 1549+19, and evidence for a filamentary gas inflow

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, D. Christopher; Chang, Daphne; Matuszewski, Matt; Morrissey, Patrick; Rahman, Shahin; Moore, Anna; Steidel, Charles C.

    2014-05-10

    The Palomar Cosmic Web Imager (PCWI), an integral field spectrograph designed to detect and map low surface brightness emission, has obtained imaging spectroscopic maps of Ly? from the circum-QSO medium (CQM) of QSO HS1549+19 at redshift z = 2.843. Extensive extended emission is detected from the CQM, consistent with fluorescent and pumped Ly? produced by the ionizing and Ly? continuum of the QSO. Many features present in PCWI spectral images match those detected in narrow-band images. Filamentary structures with narrow line profiles are detected in several cases as long as 250-400 kpc. One of these is centered at a velocity redshifted with respect to the systemic velocity, and displays a spatially collimated and kinematically cold line profile increasing in velocity width approaching the QSO. This suggests that the filament gas is infalling onto the QSO, perhaps in a cold accretion flow. Because of the strong ionizing flux, the neutral column density is low, typically N(H I)?10{sup 12}--10{sup 15} cm{sup ?2}, and the line center optical depth is also low (typically ?{sub 0} < 10), insufficient to display well separated double peak emission characteristic of higher line optical depths. With a simple ionization and cloud model we can very roughly estimate the total gas mass (log M {sub gas} = 12.5 0.5) and the total (log M {sub tot} = 13.3 0.5). We can also calculate a kinematic mass from the total line profile (2 10{sup 13} M {sub ?}), which agrees with the mass estimated from the gas emission. The intensity-binned spectrum of the CQM shows a progression in kinematic properties consistent with heirarchical structure formation.

  15. Licensing of spent fuel dry storage and consolidated rod storage: A Review of Issues and Experiences

    SciTech Connect

    Bailey, W.J.

    1990-02-01

    The results of this study, performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), respond to the nuclear industry's recommendation that a report be prepared that collects and describes the licensing issues (and their resolutions) that confront a new applicant requesting approval from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for dry storage of spent fuel or for large-scale storage of consolidated spent fuel rods in pools. The issues are identified in comments, questions, and requests from the NRC during its review of applicants' submittals. Included in the report are discussions of (1) the 18 topical reports on cask and module designs for dry storage fuel that have been submitted to the NRC, (2) the three license applications for dry storage of spent fuel at independent spent fuel storage installations (ISFSIs) that have been submitted to the NRC, and (3) the three applications (one of which was later withdrawn) for large-scale storage of consolidated fuel rods in existing spent fuel storage pools at reactors that were submitted tot he NRC. For each of the applications submitted, examples of some of the issues (and suggestions for their resolutions) are described. The issues and their resolutions are also covered in detail in an example in each of the three subject areas: (1) the application for the CASTOR V/21 dry spent fuel storage cask, (2) the application for the ISFSI for dry storage of spent fuel at Surry, and (3) the application for full-scale wet storage of consolidated spent fuel at Millstone-2. The conclusions in the report include examples of major issues that applicants have encountered. Recommendations for future applicants to follow are listed. 401 refs., 26 tabs.

  16. Synthesis and NMR characterization of SAPO-35 from non-aqueous systems using hexamethyleneimine template

    SciTech Connect

    Venkatathri, N. . E-mail: venkat@cata.ncl.res.in

    2005-07-12

    SAPO-35 was synthesized using hexamethyleneimine template in non-aqueous systems. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron micrograph analysis shows the synthesized sample is pure and well crystalline. Presence of four stages (1.6%, 0.8%, 7.8% and 8.4%) of weight loss is observed by TG/DTA analysis. FT-IR analysis in the framework region shows the presence of tetrahedral T-O-T vibrations is similar to the other known aluminophosphate molecular sieves. FT-IR spectrum in the -OH region shows stretching vibrations at 3631, 3604 and 3580 cm{sup -1} can be assigned to OH groups in bigger cages near S6R, in bigger cages near D6R and those actually confined inside the D6R, respectively. The spectra for the as-synthesized sample show a single symmetrical {sup 27}Al MAS NMR line at {delta} = 36.26 indicating the presence of a single tetrahedral aluminium species. Where as {sup 29}Si and {sup 31}P MAS NMR shows the presence of two peaks in both at (-89.9 and -95.15 ppm) and (-34.01 and -40.45 ppm) due to the Si substitution of P present in two different locations in double 6 ring (D6R) and in single 6 ring (S6R). {sup 27}Al 3Q-MAS NMR shows two peaks for environmentally different tetrahedral aluminium atoms. This is the first time we are showing such a fact which is not observable using ordinary MAS NMR.

  17. Development of 230-kV high-pressure, gas-filled, pipe-type cable system: Model test program phase

    SciTech Connect

    Silver, D.A. )

    1990-09-01

    The objective of this project was the development of a 230 kV high-pressure gas-filled (HPGF) pipe-type cable employing paper or laminate of paper-polypropylene-paper (PPP) insulation pressurized with N{sub 2} gas or a blend of 15% SF{sub 6}/85% N{sub 2} gas. Heretofore, HPGF pipe-type cables have been restricted to 138 kV ratings due to technical difficulties in achieving higher voltage ratings. In view of the high cost of manufacturing and testing a large number of full size cables, cable models with 2 mm (80 mils) and 2.5 mm (100 mils) wall thicknesses of insulation enclosed in a test fixture capable of withstanding a test pressure of 2070 kPa (300 psig) and high electrical stresses were employed for dissipation factor versus voltage measurements and for ac and impulse breakdown tests at rated and emergency operating temperatures. In addition, a 36 cm (14 in) full wall cable model enclosed in a pressure vessel was utilized for transient pressure response tests. The results of this investigation attest tot he technical feasibility of the design and manufacture of a 230 kV HPGF pipe-type cable employing paper or PPP insulation pressurized with 100% N{sub 2} gas or a blend of 15% SF{sub 6}/85% N{sub 2} gas for operation under normal and 100 hour emergency conditions at conductor temperatures of 85{degree} and 105{degree}C, respectively. The manufacture of a full size PPP insulated cable pressurized with a blend of 15% SF{sub 6}/85% N{sub 2} gas employing pre-impregnated PPP insulating tapes and an annular conductor based on the design stresses defined in this report is recommended for laboratory evaluation and extended life tests. 11 refs., 45 figs., 11 tabs.

  18. THE INFLUENCE OF RED SPIRAL GALAXIES ON THE SHAPE OF THE LOCAL K-BAND LUMINOSITY FUNCTION

    SciTech Connect

    Bonne, Nicolas J.; Brown, Michael J. I.; Jones, Heath; Pimbblet, Kevin A.

    2015-02-01

    We have determined K-band luminosity functions for 13,325 local universe galaxies as a function of morphology and color (for K {sub tot} ≤ 10.75). Our sample is drawn from the Two Micron All Sky Survey Extended Source Catalog, with all sample galaxies having measured morphologies and distances (including 4219 archival redshift-independent distances). The luminosity function for our total sample is in good agreement with previous works, but is relatively smooth at faint magnitudes (due to bulk flow distance corrections). We investigated the differences due to morphological and color selection using 5417 sample galaxies with NASA Sloan Atlas optical colors and find that red spirals comprise 20%-50% of all spirals with –25 ≤ M{sub K}  < –20. Fainter than M{sub K} = –24, red spirals are as common as early types, explaining the different faint end slopes (α = –0.87 and –1.00 for red and early-types, respectively). While we find red spirals comprise more than 50% of all M{sub K}  < –25 spiral galaxies, they do not dominate the bright end of the overall red galaxy luminosity function, which is dominated by early-type galaxies. The brightest red spirals have ongoing star formation and those without are frequently misclassified as early-types. The faintest ones have an appearance and Sérsic indices consistent with faded disks, rather than true bulge-dominated galaxies.

  19. SHOCK-ENHANCED C{sup +} EMISSION AND THE DETECTION OF H{sub 2}O FROM THE STEPHAN'S QUINTET GROUP-WIDE SHOCK USING HERSCHEL

    SciTech Connect

    Appleton, P. N.; Lord, S.; Lu, N.; Guillard, P.; Boulanger, F.; Pineau des Forts, G.; Cluver, M. E.; Konstantopoulos, I.; Ogle, P.; Falgarone, E.; Duc, P.-A.; Gallagher, S.; Gao, Y.; Jarrett, T.; Lisenfeld, U.; Peterson, B. W.; Struck, C.; Sturm, E.; Tuffs, R.; and others

    2013-11-01

    We present the first Herschel spectroscopic detections of the [O I] 63 ?m and [C II] 158 ?m fine-structure transitions, and a single para-H{sub 2}O line from the 35 15 kpc{sup 2} shocked intergalactic filament in Stephan's Quintet. The filament is believed to have been formed when a high-speed intruder to the group collided with a clumpy intergroup gas. Observations with the PACS spectrometer provide evidence for broad (>1000 km s{sup 1}) luminous [C II] line profiles, as well as fainter [O I] 63 ?m emission. SPIRE FTS observations reveal water emission from the p-H{sub 2}O (1{sub 11}-0{sub 00}) transition at several positions in the filament, but no other molecular lines. The H{sub 2}O line is narrow and may be associated with denser intermediate-velocity gas experiencing the strongest shock-heating. The [C II]/PAH{sub tot} and [C II]/FIR ratios are too large to be explained by normal photo-electric heating in photodissociation regions. H II region excitation or X-ray/cosmic-ray heating can also be ruled out. The observations lead to the conclusion that a large fraction the molecular gas is diffuse and warm. We propose that the [C II], [O I], and warm H{sub 2} line emission is powered by a turbulent cascade in which kinetic energy from the galaxy collision with the intergalactic medium is dissipated to small scales and low velocities, via shocks and turbulent eddies. Low-velocity magnetic shocks can help explain both the [C II]/[O I] ratio, and the relatively high [C II]/H{sub 2} ratios observed. The discovery that [C II] emission can be enhanced, in large-scale turbulent regions in collisional environments, has implications for the interpretation of [C II] emission in high-z galaxies.

  20. Temperature-dependent structural study of microporous CsAlSi{sub 5}O{sub 12}

    SciTech Connect

    Fisch, Martin; Armbruster, Thomas Kolesov, Boris

    2008-03-15

    CsAlSi{sub 5}O{sub 12} crystals were synthesized at high temperature by slow cooling of a vanadium oxide flux. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction structure analysis and electron microprobe analyses yielded the microporous CAS zeolite framework structure of Cs{sub 0.85}Al{sub 0.85}Si{sub 5.15}O{sub 12} composition. High-temperature single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction studies were utilized to analyze anisotropic thermal expansion. Rietveld refined cell constants from powder diffraction data, measured in steps of 25 deg. C up to 700 deg. C, show a significant decrease in expansion above 500 deg. C. At 500 deg. C, a displacive, static disorder-dynamic disorder-type phase transition from the acentric low-temperature space group Ama2 to centrosymmetric Amam (Cmcm in standard setting) was found. Thermal expansion below the phase transition is governed by rigid-body TO{sub 4} rotations accompanied by stretching of T-O-T angles. Above the phase transition at 500 deg. C all atoms, except one oxygen (O6), are fixed on mirror planes. Temperature-dependent polarized Raman single-crystal spectra between -270 and 300 deg. C and unpolarized spectra between room temperature and 1000 deg. C become increasingly less resolved with rising temperature confirming the disordered static-disordered dynamic type of the phase transition. - Graphical abstract: Temperature-dependent structural evolution of microporous CsAlSi{sub 5}O{sub 12} has been investigated by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, as well as Raman spectroscopy. Results yielded a phase transition of order-disorder type.

  1. Rapid decline of Lyα emission toward the reionization era

    SciTech Connect

    Tilvi, V.; Papovich, C.; Finkelstein, S. L.; Song, M.; Long, J.; Dickinson, M.; Ferguson, H. C.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Giavalisco, M.; Mobasher, B.

    2014-10-10

    The observed deficit of strongly Lyα emitting galaxies at z > 6.5 is attributed to increasing neutral hydrogen in the intergalactic medium (IGM) and/or to the evolving galaxy properties. To investigate this we have performed very deep near-IR spectroscopy of z ≳ 7 galaxies using MOSFIRE on the Keck-I Telescope. We measure the Lyα fraction at z ∼ 8 using two methods. First, we derived N {sub Lyα}/N {sub tot} directly, using extensive simulations to correct for incompleteness. Second, we used a Bayesian formalism (introduced by Treu et al.) that compares the z > 7 galaxy spectra to models of the Lyα equivalent width (W {sub Lyα}) distribution at z ∼ 6. We explored two simple evolutionary scenarios: pure number evolution where Lyα is blocked in some fraction of galaxies (perhaps due to the IGM being opaque along only some fraction of sightlines) and uniform dimming evolution where Lyα is attenuated in all galaxies by a constant factor (perhaps owing to processes from galaxy evolution or a slowly increasing IGM opacity). The Bayesian formalism places stronger constraints compared with the direct method. Combining our data with that in the literature, we find that at z ∼ 8 the Lyα fraction has dropped by a factor of >3 (84% confidence interval) using both the dimming and number evolution scenarios, compared to the z ∼ 6 values. Furthermore, we find a tentative positive Bayesian evidence favoring the number evolution scenario over dimming evolution, extending trends observed at z ≲ 7 to higher redshift. A comparison of our results with theoretical models implies the IGM volume averaged neutral hydrogen fraction ≳ 0.3, suggesting that we are likely witnessing reionization in progress at z ∼ 8.

  2. Early science with the large millimeter telescope: exploring the effect of AGN activity on the relationships between molecular gas, dust, and star formation

    SciTech Connect

    Kirkpatrick, Allison; Pope, Alexandra; Calzetti, Daniela; Narayanan, Gopal; Schloerb, F. Peter; Yun, Min S.; Aretxaga, Itziar; Montaa, Alfredo; Vega, Olga; Armus, Lee; Helou, George; Shi, Yong

    2014-12-01

    The molecular gas, H{sub 2}, that fuels star formation in galaxies is difficult to observe directly. As such, the ratio of L {sub IR} to L{sub CO}{sup ?} is an observational estimate of the star formation rate compared with the amount of molecular gas available to form stars, which is related to the star formation efficiency and the inverse of the gas consumption timescale. We test what effect an IR luminous active galactic nucleus (AGN) has on the ratio L{sub IR}/L{sub CO}{sup ?} in a sample of 24 intermediate redshift galaxies from the 5 mJy Unbiased Spitzer Extragalactic Survey (5MUSES). We obtain new CO(1-0) observations with the Redshift Search Receiver on the Large Millimeter Telescope. We diagnose the presence and strength of an AGN using Spitzer IRS spectroscopy. We find that removing the AGN contribution to L{sub IR}{sup tot} results in a mean L{sub IR}{sup SF}/L{sub CO}{sup ?} for our entire sample consistent with the mean L{sub IR}/L{sub CO}{sup ?} derived for a large sample of star forming galaxies from z ? 0-3. We also include in our comparison the relative amount of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emission for our sample and a literature sample of local and high-redshift ultra luminous infrared galaxies and find a consistent trend between L{sub 6.2}/L{sub IR}{sup SF} and L{sub IR}{sup SF}/L{sub CO}{sup ?}, such that small dust grain emission decreases with increasing L{sub IR}{sup SF}/L{sub CO}{sup ?} for both local and high-redshift dusty galaxies.

  3. The U.S. Army`s environmental compliance assessment in Germany, a case study

    SciTech Connect

    Schlessman, D.C.

    1995-12-01

    The U.S. Army, Europe (USAREUR) in 1995 is initiating the Army-wide program of assessing environmental compliance at each of its installations. The first assessment was done in Germany in January and is the basis of this study. These assessments are the conerstone of USAREUR`s compliance standards: air emissions, drinking and waste water standards, environmental noise, radon, asbestos, underground storage tanks, hazardous material and petroleum management, and pesticides. Also covered are areas of waste management to include solid, hazardous, and medical wastes and special requirements for handling and disposal of polychlorinated bi- & terphenyls. In addition policy and other science areas are checked. These include environmental program management, environmental effects analysis, endangered species and natural resource protection, and historical and cultural resource preservation. The ECAS`s breadth of medias assessed gives a comprehensive look at the environmental posture of an installation. One of the two manuals used in each assessment is based on the Department of Defense (DOD) environmental final governing standards (FGS). Each overseas country that has a substantial DOD long-term presence has a FGS. The FGS is developed by a DOD appointed executive agent. He compared the DOD baseline of environmental standards (based on U.S. law and DOD policy) and the HN`s environmental standards. From this comparison the standard that is most protective of human health and the environment is selected as the FGS. In Germany, the FGS, and thus the ECAS manual are substantially based on the German standards. This is due tot he well developed environmental standards found in Germany. This study provides the first look at the USAREUR ECAS process and the major changes required in a USAREUR community`s environmental compliance posture to meet the German FGS. The January Anbach ECAS is the first time a community in USAREUR was assessed using the fully operational ECAS.

  4. Compact binary merger rates: Comparison with LIGO/Virgo upper limits

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Belczynski, Krzysztof; Repetto, Serena; Holz, Daniel E.; O'Shaugnessy, Richard; Bulik, Tomasz; Berti, Emanuele; Fryer, Christopher Lee; Dominik, Michal

    2016-03-03

    Here, we compare evolutionary predictions of double compact object merger rate densities with initial and forthcoming LIGO/Virgo upper limits. We find that: (i) Due to the cosmological reach of advanced detectors, current conversion methods of population synthesis predictions into merger rate densities are insufficient. (ii) Our optimistic models are a factor of 18 below the initial LIGO/Virgo upper limits for BH–BH systems, indicating that a modest increase in observational sensitivity (by a factor of ~2.5) may bring the first detections or first gravitational wave constraints on binary evolution. (iii) Stellar-origin massive BH–BH mergers should dominate event rates in advanced LIGO/Virgo and can be detected out to redshift z sime 2 with templates including inspiral, merger, and ringdown. Normal stars (more » $$\\lt 150\\;{M}_{\\odot }$$) can produce such mergers with total redshifted mass up to $${M}_{{\\rm{tot,z}}}\\simeq 400\\;{M}_{\\odot }$$. (iv) High black hole (BH) natal kicks can severely limit the formation of massive BH–BH systems (both in isolated binary and in dynamical dense cluster evolution), and thus would eliminate detection of these systems even at full advanced LIGO/Virgo sensitivity. We find that low and high BH natal kicks are allowed by current observational electromagnetic constraints. (v) The majority of our models yield detections of all types of mergers (NS–NS, BH–NS, BH–BH) with advanced detectors. Numerous massive BH–BH merger detections will indicate small (if any) natal kicks for massive BHs.« less

  5. Structure/Function Studies of Proteins Using Linear Scaling Quantum Mechanical Methodologies

    SciTech Connect

    Merz, K. M.

    2004-07-19

    We developed a linear-scaling semiempirical quantum mechanical (QM) program (DivCon). Using DivCon we can now routinely carry out calculations at the fully QM level on systems containing up to about 15 thousand atoms. We also implemented a Poisson-Boltzmann (PM) method into DivCon in order to compute solvation free energies and electrostatic properties of macromolecules in solution. This new suite of programs has allowed us to bring the power of quantum mechanics to bear on important biological problems associated with protein folding, drug design and enzyme catalysis. Hence, we have garnered insights into biological systems that have been heretofore impossible to obtain using classical simulation techniques.

  6. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Consumption by End Use"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    11,"Annual",2015,"6/30/1930" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_cons_sum_dcu_nus_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_cons_sum_dcu_nus_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10/28/2016

  7. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Consumption by End Use"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9,"Monthly","8/2016","1/15/1973" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_cons_sum_dcu_nus_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_cons_sum_dcu_nus_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202)

  8. Formation and Sustainment of ITPs in ITER with the Baseline Heating Mix

    SciTech Connect

    Francesca M. Poli and Charles Kessel

    2012-12-03

    Plasmas with internal transport barriers (ITBs) are a potential and attractive route to steady-state operation in ITER. These plasmas exhibit radially localized regions of improved con nement with steep pressure gradients in the plasma core, which drive large bootstrap current and generate hollow current pro les and negative shear. This work examines the formation and sustainment of ITBs in ITER with electron cyclotron heating and current drive. It is shown that, with a trade-o of the power delivered to the equatorial and to the upper launcher, the sustainment of steady-state ITBs can be demonstrated in ITER with the baseline heating con guration.

  9. Influence of bioturbation by the amphipod Corophium volutator on fluoranthene uptake in the marine polychaete Nereis virens

    SciTech Connect

    Ciarelli, S.; Kater, B.J.; Straalen, N.M. van

    2000-06-01

    The uptake kinetics of fluoranthene in the polychaete worm Nereis virens were investigated in the presence and in the absence of amphipods to examine the effects of sediment bioturbation by the benthic amphipod Corophium volutator on the uptake in worms. Worms only and worms together with two different densities of amphipods were exposed to fluoranthene-spiked sediment for 12 d. Worms and overlying water samples for fluoranthene analyses were taken and total suspended solids in water column were measured after 1, 2, 5, 8, and 12 d. Results showed that in all treatments fluoranthene was rapidly accumulated by N. virens during the first two days and a steady state was reached within five days of exposure. Biota to sediment accumulation factors normalized to lipid concentration and to sediment organic carbon (BAF{sub ioc}) or worms exposed with the highest number of amphipods were significantly higher (two to three times) compared to worms exposed with fewer or without amphipods after one and two days of exposure. Bioconcentration factors (BCFs), calculated as the ratio between the uptake (k{sub 1}) and elimination (k{sub 2}) rate constants were not significantly different among treatments. When BCFs were calculated on the basis of dissolved fluoranthene concentrations (BCF{sub diss}), values of the treatments where worms were exposed with 100 and 300 amphipods were slightly higher than those calculated on the basis of total (dissolved + particle-bound) aqueous fluoranthene (BCF{sub tot}). However, the presence of fluoranthene bound to dissolved organic matter could have accounted for lower than expected BCF{sub diss} values. The results suggest that bioturbation by amphiopoc, affected the concentration of fluoranthene in the worms not by changing the worm to water partitioning (k{sub 1}/k{sub 2}) but by changing the worm to sediment partitioning (BAF{sub ioc}). In the treatments with worms a higher mortality of amphipods was found compared to those without worms. The

  10. THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM IN DISTANT STAR-FORMING GALAXIES: TURBULENT PRESSURE, FRAGMENTATION, AND CLOUD SCALING RELATIONS IN A DENSE GAS DISK AT z = 2.3

    SciTech Connect

    Swinbank, A. M.; Smail, Ian; Papadopoulos, P. P.; Cox, P.; Krips, M.; Neri, R.; Ivison, R. J.; Thomson, A. P.; Richard, J.; Ebeling, H.

    2011-11-20

    We have used the Institut de Radioastronomie Millimetrique (IRAM) Plateau de Bure Interferometer and the Expanded Very Large Array to obtain a high-resolution map of the CO(6-5) and CO(1-0) emission in the lensed, star-forming galaxy SMM J2135-0102 at z = 2.32. The kinematics of the gas are well described by a model of a rotationally supported disk with an inclination-corrected rotation speed, v{sub rot} = 320 {+-} 25 km s{sup -1}, a ratio of rotational-to-dispersion support of v/{sigma} = 3.5 {+-} 0.2, and a dynamical mass of (6.0 {+-} 0.5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} M{sub Sun} within a radius of 2.5 kpc. The disk has a Toomre parameter, Q = 0.50 {+-} 0.15, suggesting that the gas will rapidly fragment into massive clumps on scales of L{sub J} {approx} 400 pc. We identify star-forming regions on these scales and show that they are {approx}10 Multiplication-Sign denser than those in quiescent environments in local galaxies, and significantly offset from the local molecular cloud scaling relations (Larson's relations). The large offset compared to local molecular cloud line-width-size scaling relations implies that supersonic turbulence should remain dominant on scales {approx}100 Multiplication-Sign smaller than in the kinematically quiescent interstellar medium (ISM) of the Milky Way, while the molecular gas in SMM J2135 is expected to be {approx}50 Multiplication-Sign denser than that in the Milky Way on all scales. This is most likely due to the high external hydrostatic pressure we measure for the ISM, P{sub tot}/k{sub B} {approx} (2 {+-} 1) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} K cm{sup -3}. In such highly turbulent ISM, the subsonic regions of gravitational collapse (and star formation) will be characterized by much higher critical densities, n{sub crit} > = 10{sup 8} cm{sup -3}, a factor {approx}>1000 Multiplication-Sign more than the quiescent ISM of the Milky Way.

  11. Herschel observations of extra-ordinary sources: H{sub 2}S as a probe of dense gas and possibly hidden luminosity toward the Orion KL hot core

    SciTech Connect

    Crockett, N. R.; Bergin, E. A.; Neill, J. L.; Black, J. H.; Blake, G. A.; Kleshcheva, M.

    2014-02-01

    We present Herschel/HIFI observations of the light hydride H{sub 2}S obtained from the full spectral scan of the Orion Kleinmann-Low nebula (Orion KL) taken as part of the Herschel Observations of EXtra-Ordinary Sources GT (guaranteed time) key program. In total, we observe 52, 24, and 8 unblended or slightly blended features from H{sub 2} {sup 32}S, H{sub 2} {sup 34}S, and H{sub 2} {sup 33}S, respectively. We only analyze emission from the so-called hot core, but emission from the plateau, extended ridge, and/or compact ridge are also detected. Rotation diagrams for ortho and para H{sub 2}S follow straight lines given the uncertainties and yield T {sub rot} = 141 12 K. This indicates H{sub 2}S is in local thermodynamic equilibrium and is well characterized by a single kinetic temperature or an intense far-IR radiation field is redistributing the population to produce the observed trend. We argue the latter scenario is more probable and find that the most highly excited states (E {sub up} ? 1000 K) are likely populated primarily by radiation pumping. We derive a column density, N {sub tot}(H{sub 2} {sup 32}S) = 9.5 1.9 10{sup 17} cm{sup 2}, gas kinetic temperature, T {sub kin} = 120{sub 10}{sup 13} K, and constrain the H{sub 2} volume density, n{sub H{sub 2}} ? 9 10 {sup 7} cm{sup 3}, for the H{sub 2}S emitting gas. These results point to an H{sub 2}S origin in markedly dense, heavily embedded gas, possibly in close proximity to a hidden self-luminous source (or sources), which are conceivably responsible for Orion KL's high luminosity. We also derive an H{sub 2}S ortho/para ratio of 1.7 0.8 and set an upper limit for HDS/H{sub 2}S of <4.9 10 {sup 3}.

  12. EXPLORING THE z = 3-4 MASSIVE GALAXY POPULATION WITH ZFOURGE: THE PREVALENCE OF DUSTY AND QUIESCENT GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect

    Spitler, Lee R.; Rees, Glen; Straatman, Caroline M. S.; Labb, Ivo; Glazebrook, Karl; Kacprzak, Glenn G.; Nanayakkara, Themiya; Tran, Kim-Vy H.; Papovich, Casey; Kawinwanichakij, Lalitwadee; Mehrtens, Nicola; Tilvi, Vithal; Tomczak, Adam R.; Quadri, Ryan F.; Persson, S. Eric; Kelson, Daniel D.; McCarthy, Patrick J.; Monson, Andrew J.; Van Dokkum, Pieter; Allen, Rebecca

    2014-06-01

    Our understanding of the redshift z > 3 galaxy population relies largely on samples selected using the popular ''dropout'' technique, typically consisting of UV-bright galaxies with blue colors and prominent Lyman breaks. As it is currently unknown if these galaxies are representative of the massive galaxy population, we here use the FOURSTAR Galaxy Evolution (ZFOURGE) survey to create a stellar mass-limited sample at z = 3-4. Uniquely, ZFOURGE uses deep near-infrared medium-bandwidth filters to derive accurate photometric redshifts and stellar population properties. The mass-complete sample consists of 57 galaxies with log M>10.6, reaching below M {sup *} at z = 3-4. On average, the massive z = 3-4 galaxies are extremely faint in the observed optical with median R{sub tot}{sup AB}=27.480.41 (rest-frame M {sub 1700} = 18.05 0.37). They lie far below the UV luminosity-stellar mass relation for Lyman break galaxies and are about ?100 fainter at the same mass. The massive galaxies are red (R K {sub s} {sub AB} = 3.9 0.2; rest-frame UV-slope ? = 0.2 0.3) likely from dust or old stellar ages. We classify the galaxy spectral energy distributions by their rest-frame UV and VJ colors and find a diverse population: 46{sub ?6?17}{sup +6+10}% of the massive galaxies are quiescent, 40{sub ?6?5}{sup +6+7}% are dusty star-forming galaxies, and only 14{sub ?3?4}{sup +3+10}% resemble luminous blue star-forming Lyman break galaxies. This study clearly demonstrates an inherent diversity among massive galaxies at higher redshift than previously known. Furthermore, we uncover a reservoir of dusty star-forming galaxies with 4 lower specific star-formation rates compared to submillimeter-selected starbursts at z > 3. With 5 higher numbers, the dusty galaxies may represent a more typical mode of star formation compared to submillimeter-bright starbursts.

  13. FABRICATION PROCESS AND PRODUCT QUALITY IMPROVEMENTS IN ADVANCED GAS REACTOR UCO KERNELS

    SciTech Connect

    Charles M Barnes

    2008-09-01

    A major element of the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) program is developing fuel fabrication processes to produce high quality uranium-containing kernels, TRISO-coated particles and fuel compacts needed for planned irradiation tests. The goals of the AGR program also include developing the fabrication technology to mass produce this fuel at low cost. Kernels for the first AGR test (“AGR-1) consisted of uranium oxycarbide (UCO) microspheres that werre produced by an internal gelation process followed by high temperature steps tot convert the UO3 + C “green” microspheres to first UO2 + C and then UO2 + UCx. The high temperature steps also densified the kernels. Babcock and Wilcox (B&W) fabricated UCO kernels for the AGR-1 irradiation experiment, which went into the Advance Test Reactor (ATR) at Idaho National Laboratory in December 2006. An evaluation of the kernel process following AGR-1 kernel production led to several recommendations to improve the fabrication process. These recommendations included testing alternative methods of dispersing carbon during broth preparation, evaluating the method of broth mixing, optimizing the broth chemistry, optimizing sintering conditions, and demonstrating fabrication of larger diameter UCO kernels needed for the second AGR irradiation test. Based on these recommendations and requirements, a test program was defined and performed. Certain portions of the test program were performed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), while tests at larger scale were performed by B&W. The tests at B&W have demonstrated improvements in both kernel properties and process operation. Changes in the form of carbon black used and the method of mixing the carbon prior to forming kernels led to improvements in the phase distribution in the sintered kernels, greater consistency in kernel properties, a reduction in forming run time, and simplifications to the forming process. Process parameter variation tests in both forming and sintering steps led

  14. Electron heating during magnetic reconnection: A simulation scaling study

    SciTech Connect

    Shay, M. A. Haggerty, C. C.; Phan, T. D.; Oieroset, M.; Drake, J. F.; Swisdak, M.; Cassak, P. A.; Wu, P.; Malakit, K.

    2014-12-15

    Electron bulk heating during magnetic reconnection with symmetric inflow conditions is examined using kinetic particle-in-cell simulations. Inflowing plasma parameters are varied over a wide range of conditions, and the increase in electron temperature is measured in the exhaust well downstream of the x-line. The degree of electron heating is well correlated with the inflowing Alfvn speed c{sub Ar} based on the reconnecting magnetic field through the relation ?T{sub e}=0.033?m{sub i}?c{sub Ar}{sup 2}, where ?T{sub e} is the increase in electron temperature. For the range of simulations performed, the heating shows almost no correlation with inflow total temperature T{sub tot}=T{sub i}+T{sub e} or plasma ?. An out-of-plane (guide) magnetic field of similar magnitude to the reconnecting field does not affect the total heating, but it does quench perpendicular heating, with almost all heating being in the parallel direction. These results are qualitatively consistent with a recent statistical survey of electron heating in the dayside magnetopause (Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 4475, 2013), which also found that ?T{sub e} was proportional to the inflowing Alfvn speed. The net electron heating varies very little with distance downstream of the x-line. The simulations show at most a very weak dependence of electron heating on the ion to electron mass ratio. In the antiparallel reconnection case, the largely parallel heating is eventually isotropized downstream due a scattering mechanism, such as stochastic particle motion or instabilities. The simulation size is large enough to be directly relevant to reconnection in the Earth's magnetosphere, and the present findings may prove to be universal in nature with applications to the solar wind, the solar corona, and other astrophysical plasmas. The study highlights key properties that must be satisfied by an electron heating mechanism: (1) preferential heating in the parallel direction; (2) heating proportional to m

  15. Studies of the physical aspects of intumescence using advance diagnostics methods

    SciTech Connect

    Saeed, Hussain Huang, Hua Wei Zhang, Yang

    2014-04-11

    The use of intumescent paints as an active fire protection method has gained immense interest in recent years. A significant aspect of research has focused on studying the chemical aspects of the system to improve performance. The dynamics and physical aspects of intumescence in real time fire conditions are still unclear. The present research uses an experimental approach where diagnostics techniques such as thermal imaging camera was used to study intumescent characteristics that have been not been reported in great detail. T-panels are a substitute to the most commonly used part in construction, the I-beam. Studies were conducted using a cone calorimeter that provided a uniform heat flux through radiation on steel T-panel samples. The complex nature of char movement was recorded and a novel algorithm was used to track the growing char laye07r. The samples are designed to cater to different fire conditions. Therefore, the degree of intumescence was observed to be very different in the samples. The samples designed for low temperature cellulosic fires focus on high degree of intumesce. Whereas, mechanical strength is the focus for samples used in high temperature turbulent hydrocarbon fire conditions. The variation in the internal structure of the sample is presented. Furthermore, the phenomenon is phase shift is discussed. The phase shift is an essential part of the process of intumescence when the majority of intumescence occurs. It was observed to be different in all the samples. The movement of the samples is a property of great interest. This is because if any part of the substrate is exposed then the formulation does not meet strict commercialisation criterion. The movement was diagonal in nature as compared to flat panels where it is perpendicular. This is due tot the heating pattern of the plate that results in the web part of the panel to influence the growth of char on the flange part of the panel. A special case of char cracking is also highlighted and

  16. On the interaction of the PKS B1358113 radio galaxy with the A1836 cluster

    SciTech Connect

    Stawarz, ?.; Simionescu, A.; Hagino, K.; Szostek, A.; Kozie?-Wierzbowska, D.; Ostrowski, M.; Cheung, C. C.; Siemiginowska, A.; Harris, D. E.; Werner, N.; Madejski, G.; Begelman, M. C.

    2014-10-20

    Here we present the analysis of multifrequency data gathered for the Fanaroff-Riley type-II (FR II) radio galaxy PKS B1358-113, hosted in the brightest cluster galaxy in the center of A1836. The galaxy harbors one of the most massive black holes known to date, and our analysis of the acquired optical data reveals that this black hole is only weakly active, with a mass accretion rate M-dot {sub acc}?210{sup ?4} M-dot {sub Edd}?0.02 M{sub ?} yr{sup 1}. Based on analysis of new Chandra and XMM-Newton X-ray observations and archival radio data, and assuming the well-established model for the evolution of FR II radio galaxies, we derive the preferred range for the jet kinetic luminosity L {sub j} ? (1-6) 10{sup 3} L {sub Edd} ? (0.5-3) 10{sup 45} erg s{sup 1}. This is above the values implied by various scaling relations proposed for radio sources in galaxy clusters, being instead very close to the maximum jet power allowed for the given accretion rate. We also constrain the radio source lifetime as ?{sub j} ? 40-70 Myr, meaning the total amount of deposited jet energy E {sub tot} ? (2-8) 10{sup 60} erg. We argue that approximately half of this energy goes into shock heating of the surrounding thermal gas, and the remaining 50% is deposited into the internal energy of the jet cavity. The detailed analysis of the X-ray data provides indication for the presence of a bow shock driven by the expanding radio lobes into the A1836 cluster environment. We derive the corresponding shock Mach number in the range M{sub sh}?2--4, which is one of the highest claimed for clusters or groups of galaxies. This, together with the recently growing evidence that powerful FR II radio galaxies may not be uncommon in the centers of clusters at higher redshifts, supports the idea that jet-induced shock heating may indeed play an important role in shaping the properties of clusters, galaxy groups, and galaxies in formation. In this context, we speculate on a possible bias against

  17. THE COLLISIONAL EVOLUTION OF DEBRIS DISKS

    SciTech Connect

    Gaspar, Andras; Rieke, George H.; Balog, Zoltan E-mail: grieke@as.arizona.edu

    2013-05-01

    We explore the collisional decay of disk mass and infrared emission in debris disks. With models, we show that the rate of the decay varies throughout the evolution of the disks, increasing its rate up to a certain point, which is followed by a leveling off to a slower value. The total disk mass falls off {proportional_to}t {sup -0.35} at its fastest point (where t is time) for our reference model, while the dust mass and its proxy-the infrared excess emission-fades significantly faster ({proportional_to}t {sup -0.8}). These later level off to a decay rate of M{sub tot}(t){proportional_to}t {sup -0.08} and M{sub dust}(t) or L{sub ir}(t){proportional_to}t {sup -0.6}. This is slower than the {proportional_to}t {sup -1} decay given for all three system parameters by traditional analytic models. We also compile an extensive catalog of Spitzer and Herschel 24, 70, and 100 {mu}m observations. Assuming a log-normal distribution of initial disk masses, we generate model population decay curves for the fraction of stars harboring debris disks detected at 24 {mu}m. We also model the distribution of measured excesses at the far-IR wavelengths (70-100 {mu}m) at certain age regimes. We show general agreement at 24 {mu}m between the decay of our numerical collisional population synthesis model and observations up to a Gyr. We associate offsets above a Gyr to stochastic events in a few select systems. We cannot fit the decay in the far-infrared convincingly with grain strength properties appropriate for silicates, but those of water ice give fits more consistent with the observations (other relatively weak grain materials would presumably also be successful). The oldest disks have a higher incidence of large excesses than predicted by the model; again, a plausible explanation is very late phases of high dynamical activity around a small number of stars. Finally, we constrain the variables of our numerical model by comparing the evolutionary trends generated from the exploration

  18. GRB 090227B: THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN THE GENUINE SHORT AND LONG GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect

    Muccino, M.; Ruffini, R.; Bianco, C. L.; Izzo, L.; Penacchioni, A. V. [Dip. di Fisica and ICRA, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome (Italy)] [Dip. di Fisica and ICRA, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome (Italy)

    2013-02-15

    The time-resolved spectral analysis of GRB 090227B, made possible by the Fermi-GBM data, allows us to identify in this source the missing link between the genuine short and long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Within the Fireshell model of the GRBs we predict genuine short GRBs: bursts with the same inner engine of the long bursts but endowed with a severely low value of the baryon load, B {approx}< 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5}. A first energetically predominant emission occurs at the transparency of the e {sup +} e {sup -} plasma, the Proper-GRB (P-GRB), followed by a softer emission, the extended afterglow. The typical separation between the two emissions is expected to be of the order of 10{sup -3}-10{sup -2} s. We identify the P-GRB of GRB 090227B in the first 96 ms of emission, where a thermal component with the temperature kT = (517 {+-} 28) keV and a flux comparable with the non-thermal part of the spectrum is observed. This non-thermal component as well as the subsequent emission, where there is no evidence for a thermal spectrum, is identified with the extended afterglow. We deduce a theoretical cosmological redshift z = 1.61 {+-} 0.14. We then derive the total energy E{sup tot}{sub e{sup +}e{sup -}}= (2.83{+-}0.15) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 53} erg, the baryon load B = (4.13 {+-} 0.05) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5}, the Lorentz {Gamma} factor at transparency {Gamma}{sub tr} = (1.44 {+-} 0.01) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4}, and the intrinsic duration {Delta}t' {approx} 0.35 s. We also determine the average density of the circumburst medium (CBM), (n {sub CBM}) = (1.90 {+-} 0.20) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} particles cm{sup -3}. There is no evidence of beaming in the system. In view of the energetics and of the baryon load of the source, as well as of the low interstellar medium and of the intrinsic timescale of the signal, we identify the GRB progenitor as a binary neutron star. From the recent progress in the theory of neutron stars, we obtain masses of

  19. THE CALCULATION OF BURNABLE POISON CORRECTION FACTORS FOR PWR FRESH FUEL ACTIVE COLLAR MEASUREMENTS

    SciTech Connect

    Croft, Stephen; Favalli, Andrea; Swinhoe, Martyn T.

    2012-06-19

    {sub 2}O{sub 3} burnable poison on the measurement of fresh pressurized water reactor fuel. To empirically determine the response function over the range of historical and future use we have considered enrichments up to 5 wt% {sup 235}U/{sup tot}U and Gd weight fractions of up to 10 % Gd/UO{sub 2}. Parameterized correction factors are presented.

  20. State Bioenergy Primer: Information and Resources for States on Issues, Opportunities, and Options for Advancing Bioenergy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    State Bioenergy Primer information and resources for States on issues, opportunities, and options for Advancing Bioenergy U.S. EnvironmEntal ProtEction agEncy and national rEnEwablE EnErgy laboratory SEPtEmbEr 15, 2009 TABle of ConTenTS Acknowledgements ________________________________________________________________ iv Key Acronyms and Abbreviations ______________________________________________________ v executive Summary ___________________________________________________ 1 introduction

  1. Eia.gov BETA - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Definiciones mapa English Franais Espaol A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Explorar los trminos relacionados con las siguientes categoras: puntos de cruce ...

  2. DOE/IG-0058

    Energy Saver

    ... until his deportation to Canada and a 100 assessment fee. ... of information technology Resources 11-20-09 ... De-aC96-03po92207 11-10-09 SeMIAnnuAl RePORT TO COnGReSS 24 ...

  3. A MANUAL FOR THE PREDICTION OF BLAST AND FRAGMENT LOADINGS ON...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... n Da t t l e s i i i p Hardware. (loaded motor and n o r r l e 10.654 Ih) wetgilt of ... r r s t t o p t t con- t a i n i n g one motor; L I n room ad- j o i n i n g sol- v e n t ...

  4. SGDP Report Now Available: Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY (February 2015)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY was awarded to Con Edison in 2009 as part of DOE's Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP) grants funded by the Recovery Act. The objective of the project was to develop and demonstrate methodologies to enhance the ability of customer sited demand response resources, both conventional and renewable, to integrate more effectively with electric delivery companies

  5. LCriu OoYCrtR"/

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ARRANC?EM&UTS. (5) CON-*IGN PARCEL PCS7 TO ' -SABC. c' o NATIONAL LEAD COMPAN (2) CONSIGN CAR L.OAD SHIPMENTS TO JSAEC; CiO N.ATlONAl. LEAD " ' " OF OCllG, P. 0. 80X 158. Ml-. ...

  6. The unstable Gulf, Threats from within

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, L.G.

    1984-01-01

    Martin offers an analysis of disputes along the borders of countries in the Persian Gulf region and a description of the religious, ethnic, and ideological tensions among the peoples. The pros and cons of various options for protecting American interests are outlined. The discussion covers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, North and South Yemen, Oman, Soudi Arabia, U.A.E., Bahrain, and Qatar.

  7. To' File CLASSIFICATION CANCF,LLED

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    at the entie except when the pink3 were pre-coated with aim. Rdwever, the zinc coat..ecl ,he were alao used in con.junol&on tith a bigher bath tenperature (1280F inem of l22@F). ...

  8. RS-Weapons X-Rays

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Uperating Con t r a c t o r s - - - - - ---- . --... -. - - . --- 3 . M I N O R S U B ... G E N E R A L SERVICES A D M I N I S T R A T I O N 4 A T I O N A L A R C H I V E S A N D ...

  9. Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY

    SciTech Connect

    Wellington, Andre

    2014-03-31

    The Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY (Interoperability Project) was awarded to Con Edison in 2009. The objective of the project was to develop and demonstrate methodologies to enhance the ability of customer sited Demand Response resources to integrate more effectively with electric delivery companies and regional transmission organizations.

  10. BtetaIIurgicaI Eafioratorp

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    and laiajent OS a euoaeasSul mhhod. Report" your letter exporiment5l work InE: that It bo. conSlrtnin(iqyitru8tiona toyoub authoPis0 you to ship biXlen@us ILmarLal Institute,...

  11. URANOUS IODATE AS A CARRIER FOR PLUTONIUM

    DOEpatents

    Miller, D.R.; Seaborg, G.T.; Thompson, S.G.

    1959-12-15

    A process is described for precipitating plutonium on a uranous iodate carrier from an aqueous acid solution conA plutonium solution more concentrated than the original solution can then be obtained by oxidizing the uranium to the hexavalent state and dissolving the precipitate, after separating the latter from the original solution, by means of warm nitric acid.

  12. I

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    n s'tellnr nucleosynthesis, neutron capture a t a r a t e which i s slow con- pared t o t h a t of Since t h e e a r l y quantitative s t u d i e s of t h e g-process by Clayton,...

  13. Summary - K Basins Sludge Treatment Process

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Assessment (TRA) is tric-based process a t y Office of E dge Trea nt ging Basin or ansfer, The ding- y the ent. ch of e below: * * Th ass at t De but Th est ass con a r de dev Re ...

  14. MEMORANDUM TCZ F I L E FROM:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Contractor had total control d unknown WATESIALS H A N D L E D : Lyg con bagis of records reviewed) E Health Physics Protection . fi L i t t l e o r N o n e if AECMED r e s p o ...

  15. Science and Society

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le conférencier (qui? L'introduction manque) est économiste et directeur d'un institut de recherche. Il parlera des conséquences économiques désastreuses des dépenses militaires.

  16. Wireless Occupancy Sensors for Lighting Controls: An Applications Guide for Federal Facility Managers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This fact sheet provides federal facility managers with an overview of the energy savings potential of wireless lighting occupancy sensors for various room types, cost considerations, key steps to successful installation of wireless sensors, pros and cons of various technology options, light source considerations, and codes and standards.

  17. 2015 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Industrial

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 559 25,106 2,071.5 8.25 Coos-Curry Electric Coop, Inc OR ... 227 452,985 19,665.2 4.34 Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, Inc OR ... 8.93 City of Sturgeon Bay - (WI) WI Municipal 1 14,452 ...

  18. 2015 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Total

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... 48,211.7 12.49 City of Bay City - (MI) MI Municipal ... 379,900 34,167.6 8.99 Coos-Curry Electric Coop, Inc OR ... 604,703 29,473.2 4.87 Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, Inc OR ...

  19. 2015 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Residential

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... 35,654.1 13.57 City of Bay City - (MI) MI Municipal ... 254,348 24,210.5 9.52 Coos-Curry Electric Coop, Inc OR ... 9,251 132,861 8,545.5 6.43 Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, Inc OR ...

  20. 2015 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Commercial

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... 12,377.1 10.15 City of Bay City - (MI) MI Municipal ... 1,709 100,446 7,885.6 7.85 Coos-Curry Electric Coop, Inc OR ... 447 18,857 1,262.5 6.70 Oregon Trail El Cons Coop, Inc OR ...

  1. Secure Interoperable Open Smart Grid Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect

    Magee, Thoman

    2014-12-31

    The Consolidated Edison, Inc., of New York (Con Edison) Secure Interoperable Open Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP), sponsored by the United States (US) Department of Energy (DOE), demonstrated that the reliability, efficiency, and flexibility of the grid can be improved through a combination of enhanced monitoring and control capabilities using systems and resources that interoperate within a secure services framework. The project demonstrated the capability to shift, balance, and reduce load where and when needed in response to system contingencies or emergencies by leveraging controllable field assets. The range of field assets includes curtailable customer loads, distributed generation (DG), battery storage, electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, building management systems (BMS), home area networks (HANs), high-voltage monitoring, and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). The SGDP enables the seamless integration and control of these field assets through a common, cyber-secure, interoperable control platform, which integrates a number of existing legacy control and data systems, as well as new smart grid (SG) systems and applications. By integrating advanced technologies for monitoring and control, the SGDP helps target and reduce peak load growth, improves the reliability and efficiency of Con Edison’s grid, and increases the ability to accommodate the growing use of distributed resources. Con Edison is dedicated to lowering costs, improving reliability and customer service, and reducing its impact on the environment for its customers. These objectives also align with the policy objectives of New York State as a whole. To help meet these objectives, Con Edison’s long-term vision for the distribution grid relies on the successful integration and control of a growing penetration of distributed resources, including demand response (DR) resources, battery storage units, and DG. For example, Con Edison is expecting significant long-term growth of DG

  2. Capture of Anastrepha species (Diptera: Tephritidae) with multilure traps and biolure attractants in Guatemala

    SciTech Connect

    Martinez, A.J.; Salinas, E.J.; Rendon, P.

    2007-03-15

    Two trapping systems were compared in a study in Guatemala during the wet season, May through Dec 2001. Trap/lure combinations consisting of green or yellow-based plastic McPhail-like traps baited with a synthetic 2-component lure (putrescine and ammonium acetate) and 300 mL of propylene glycol antifreeze as a preservative were compared to the traditional glass McPhail baited with torula yeast/borax and 300 mL of water. Both systems captured several key Anastrepha species including Anastrepha ludens Loew, A. obliqua, Macquart, A. serpentina Weidemann, A. striata Schiner, A. distincta Greene, A. fraterculus Weidemann as well as Ceratitis capitata Weidemann. Additionally, 13 other Anastrepha spp. were captured with the synthetic lure. The plastic traps captured more key flies than the McPhail trap except for A. distincta where there were no significant differences between the yellow-based plastic trap and the McPhail trap and no significant differences between any trap and lure for trapping A. fraterculus. The synthetic lure lasted 10 weeks. The sex ratio was female-biased for almost all captured key species in both systems. Moreover, there were significant numbers of captured nontarget insects in all traps; however, the captured flies in those traps with the synthetic lure were not adversely affected by these insects. Propylene glycol-based antifreeze was a superior preservative when compared to borax/water. (author) [Spanish] En Guatemala, se compararon dos sistemas de trampeo durante la epoca lluviosa de Mayo a Deciembre, 2001. Combinaciones de trampa/atrayente que consistieron de trampas de plastico con bases verdes o amarillos y con atrayentes sinteticos (acetate de amoniaco y putrecina) fueron comparadas con el sistema de trampeo tradicional McPhail de vidrio cebada con torula y borax en agua. Los dos sistemas capturaron moscas del genero Anastrepha incluyendo Anastrepha ludens Loew, A. obliqua, Macquart, A. serpentina Weidemann, A. striata Schiner, A

  3. Evaluation of the dosimetric impact of applying flattening filter-free beams in intensity-modulated radiotherapy for early-stage upper thoracic carcinoma of oesophagus

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Wuzhe; Lin, Zhixiong; Yang, Zhining; Fang, Weisheng; Lai, Peibo; Lu, Jiayang; Wu, Vincent WC

    2015-06-15

    Flattening filter-free (FFF) radiation beams have recently become clinically available on modern linear accelerators in radiation therapy. This study aimed to evaluate the dosimetric impact of using FFF beams in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for early-stage upper thoracic oesophageal cancer. Eleven patients with primary stage upper thoracic oesophageal cancer were recruited. For each patient, two IMRT plans were computed using conventional beams (Con-P) and FFF beams (FFF-P), respectively. Both plans employed a five-beam arrangement and were prescribed with 64 Gy to (planning target volume) PTV1 and 54 Gy to PTV2 in 32 fractions using 6 MV photons. The dose parameters of the target volumes and organs at risks (OARs), and treatment parameters including the monitor units (MU) and treatment time (TT) for Con-P and FFF-P were recorded and compared. The mean D{sub 5} of PTV1 and PTV2 were higher in FFF-P than Con-P by 0.4 Gy and 0.3 Gy, respectively. For the OARs, all the dose parameters did not show significant difference between the two plans except the mean V{sub 5} and V{sub 10} of the lung in which the FFF-P was lower (46.7% vs. 47.3% and 39.1% vs. 39.6%, respectively). FFF-P required 54% more MU but 18.4% less irradiation time when compared to Con-P. The target volume and OARs dose distributions between the two plans were comparable. However, FFF-P was more effective in sparing the lung from low dose and reduced the mean TT compared with Con-P. Long-term clinical studies are suggested to evaluate the radiobiological effects of FFF beams.

  4. Enhanced T-lymphocyte blastogenic response to tuberculin (PPD) in children of northeast (NE) Thailand supplemented with vitamin A (VA) and zinc (Zn)

    SciTech Connect

    Kramer, T.R.; Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Sirisinha, S.; Charoenkiatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Smith, J.C. Jr. Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom )

    1991-03-15

    Beneficial effects of Va and/or Zn supplementation of children in NE Thailand are described in a companion abstract. In the same study, blastogenic response (BR) of T-lymphocytes to concanavalin-A (ConA) and PPD were assayed in cultures containing mononuclear cells (MNC) or whole blood (WB). Methods were previously described. Children were previously vaccinated with BCG. BR to ConA of MNC or WB from children supplemented with VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo were similar. BR to PPD of MNC was higher in children receiving VA + Zn than placebo, but not in children supplemented with VA or Zn alone. Data indicate that children with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture supplemented with < 2 times RDA of these nutrients showed enhanced cellular immunity to PPD. This observation is relevant to BCG immunization program and thus may benefit public health.

  5. Simulating Valence-to-Core X-ray Emission Spectroscopy of Transition Metal Complexes with Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Yu; Mukamel, Shaul; Khalil, Munira; Govind, Niranjan

    2015-11-09

    Valence-to-core (VtC) X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) has emerged as a power- ful technique for the structural characterization of complex organometallic compounds in realistic environments. Since the spectrum represents electronic transitions from the ligand molecular orbitals to the core holes of the metal centers, the approach is more chemically sensitive to the metal-ligand bonding character compared with con- ventional X-ray absorption techniques. In this paper we study how linear-response time-dependent density functional theory (LR-TDDFT) can be harnessed to simulate K-edge VtC X-ray emission spectra reliably. LR-TDDFT allows one to go beyond the single-particle picture that has been extensively used to simulate VtC-XES. We con- sider seven low- and high-spin model complexes involving chromium, manganese and iron transition metal centers. Our results are in good agreement with experiment.

  6. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1,"Monthly","8/2016","1/15/2001" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_cons_sum_a_epg0_vc0_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_cons_sum_a_epg0_vc0_mmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202)

  7. HYDROGEN ISOTOPE TARGETS

    DOEpatents

    Ashley, R.W.

    1958-08-12

    The design of targets for use in the investigation of nuclear reactions of hydrogen isotopes by bombardment with accelerated particles is described. The target con struction eomprises a backing disc of a metal selected from the group consisting of molybdenunn and tungsten, a eoating of condensed titaniunn on the dise, and a hydrogen isotope selected from the group consisting of deuterium and tritium absorbed in the coatiag. The proeess for preparing these hydrogen isotope targets is described.

  8. Practical experience with Title V

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffnagle, G.F.

    1996-12-31

    Having prepared numerous Title V permit applications and applications for synthetic minor status, the do`s and don`ts of this experience are evaluated. The philosophy for what goes into the application is reviewed, with special regard to the EPA {open_quotes}White Paper{close_quotes} on streamlining the process. The pros and cons of accepting and applying for synthetic minor status are evaluated.

  9. BT16 Forest Resource Factsheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Resources Forest biomass is an abundant biomass feedstock that complements the con- ventional forest use of wood for paper and wood materials. It may be utilized for bioenergy production, such as heat and electricity, as well as for biofuels and a variety of bioproducts, such as industrial chemicals, textiles, and other renewable materials. The resources within the 2016 Billion-Ton Report include primary forest resources, which are taken directly from timberland-only forests, removed from the

  10. High-Tech Buildings Research and Demonstra6on Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    High-tech
Buildings
Research
and
 Demonstra6on
Projects 
 February
22,
2011 
 Bill
Tschudi 
 w6schudi@lbl.gov 
 laboratories
 hospitals
 Large
Energy
Footprint
 ConBnuous
OperaBon
 High
Energy
Intensity
 LiFle
Focus
on
Energy
Efficiency
 Common
Infrastructure
OpportuniBes
 Process
Energy
OpportuniBes
 * High
Process
Loads
 * UninterrupBble
Power

 * Stand-by
GeneraBon
 * HVAC
 * Chilled
water
plants
 *

  11. 2012 SSAA Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    2 SSAA Awards Investigator Organization Title Abramson, Evan University of Washington Viscosities at Extreme Densities Banerjee, Arindam Lehigh University The effects of Strength and De-Mixing in Buoyancy (Rayleigh-Taylor) Driven Turbulence Beausang, Con University of Richmond Stewardship Science at the University of Richmond Bonazza, Riccardo University of Wisconsin Investigation of Schock-Induced Turbulent Mixing at a Gas Interface Brune, Carl Ohio University Studies in Low-Energy Nuclear

  12. Forms

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Forms and Checklists Download or view forms and checklists used at WNR. IWD Forms 2100 - Integrated Work Document (IWD) Part 1, Activity Specific Information (word version) 2100_con - Integrated Work Document (IWD) Part 1, Activity Specific Information Continuation Page (word version) 2101 - Integrated Work Document (IWD) Part 2, FOD Requirements and Approval for Entry and Area Hazards and Controls, Non-Tenant Activity Form (word version) 2102 - Integrated Work Document (IWD) Part 2, FOD

  13. SOUTHWESTERN POWER ADMINISTRATION ANNUAL REPORT

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ADMINISTRATION ANNUAL REPORT 20 10 This page inTenTionally lefT blank. S o u t h w e S t e r n p o w e r a d m i n i S t r at i o n pa g e 1 2010 a n n u a l r e p o r t Table of conTenTs Letter to the Secretary ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 Southwestern System Map ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 About Southwestern

  14. SOUTHWESTERN POWER ADMINISTRATION ANNUAL REPORT

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 S o u t h w e S t e r n p o w e r a d m i n i S t r at i o n pa g e 1 2012 a n n u a l r e p o r t Table of conTenTs Letter to the Secretary ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 Southwestern System Map ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 About Southwestern --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Supplementary Information

  15. Lessons Learned from Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Enhancing control systems security in the energy sector NSTB September 2006 LESSONS LEARNED FROM CYBER SECURITY ASSESSMENTS OF SCADA AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Raymond K. Fink David F. Spencer Rita A. Wells NSTB INL/CON-06-11665 iii ABSTRACT Results from ten cyber security vulnerability assessments of process control, SCADA, and energy management systems, or components of those systems, were reviewed to identify

  16. Management Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Operational Concepts and Human-Automation Collaboration Johanna Oxstrand Jacques Hugo Katya LeBlanc Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Reactor Technologies Advanced Materials R&D Program Review Framework for Operational Concepts and Human-Automation Collaboration 2  Develop Operational Concepts (OpsCon) for Advanced Reactors to inform system, functional & operational design and licensing basis to ensure that operational requirements are included in system design.  Analyze

  17. The vertex detector for the Lepton/Photon collaboration

    SciTech Connect

    Sullivan, J.P.; Boissevain, J.G.; Fox, D.; Hecke, H. van; Jacak, B.V.; Kapustinsky, J.S.; Leitch, M.J.; McGaughey, P.L.; Moss, J.M.; Sondheim, W.E.

    1991-12-31

    The conceptual design of the vertex detector for the Lepton/Photon Collaboration at RHIC is described, including simulations of its expected performance. The design consists of two con- centric layers of single-sided Si strips. The expected performance as a multiplicity detector and in measuring the pseudo-rapidity ({nu}) distribution is discussed as well as the expected vertex finding efficiency and accuracy. Various options which could be used to reduce the cost of the detector are also discussed.

  18. Building Technologies Office Window and Envelope Technologies Emerging Technologies R&D Program

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Sacramento, California | Department of Energy Treasure Homes, who worked with SMUD, DOE, NREL, and ConSol to build HERS-54 homes with high-efficiency HVAC, ducts buried in attic insulation, SmartVent cooling, and rooftop PV. Treasure Homes: Fallen Leaf at Riverbend - Sacramento, CA (646.48 KB) More Documents & Publications Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Grupe, Rocklin, California Vol. 9: Building America Best Practices Series - Builders Challenge Guide to 40%

  19. SGDP Report: Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    NY (February 2015) | Department of Energy SGDP Report: Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY (February 2015) SGDP Report: Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY (February 2015) The Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY was awarded to Con Edison in 2009 as part of DOE's Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP) grants funded by the Recovery Act. The objective of the project was to develop and demonstrate

  20. Non-Gaussianity in the cosmic microwave background anisotropies at recombination in the squeezed limit

    SciTech Connect

    Bartolo, N.; Matarrese, S.; Riotto, A. E-mail: sabino.matarrese@pd.infn.it

    2012-02-01

    We estimate analytically the second-order cosmic microwave background temperature anisotropies at the recombination epoch in the squeezed limit and we deduce the contamination of the primordial local non-Gaussianity. We find that the level of contamination corresponds to f{sub NL}{sup con} = O(1) which is below the sensitivity of present experiments and smaller than the value O(5) recently claimed in the literature.

  1. DOE-HDBK-1106-1997 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1997 DOE-HDBK-1106-1997 December 07, 2006 DOE-HDBK-1106-1997: Radiological Contamination Control Training for Laboratory Research Reaffirmation (August 2002) | Change Notice 1 (December 2004) | Change Notice 2 with Reaffirmation (January 2007) This program management guide describes the proper implementation standard for core training as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control (RadCon) Standard. DOE-HDBK-1106-1997, Radiological Contamination Control Training for Laboratory Research (624.68 KB)

  2. DOE-HDBK-1106-97 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    December 07, 2006 Radiological Contamination Control Training for Laboratory Research Change Notice 2 with Reaffirmation (January 2007) | Cancelled This program management guide describes the proper implementation standard for core training as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control (RadCon) Standard. The guide is to assist those individuals, both within the Department of Energy (DOE) and Managing and Operating (M&O) contractors, identified as having responsibility for implementing the core

  3. DOE-HDBK-1106-97 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    October 2, 2002 Radiological Contamination Control Training for Laboratory Research Change Notice 1 (March 2002) | Reaffirmation with Errata (August 2002) This program management guide describes the proper implementation standard for core training as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control (RadCon)Standard. The guide is to assist those individuals, both within the Department of Energy (DOE) and Managing and Operating (M&O) contractors, identified as having responsibility for implementing

  4. 2016 Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cell Workshop Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cell Workshop April 1, 2016 Sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) Organized by National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory (This page intentionally left blank) Section title Unt utaerest in pos eum quo con et iii 2016 ALKALINE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL WORKSHOP 2016 Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cell Workshop Summary Report Workshop held April 1, 2016 Sheraton Grand Phoenix 340 N. 3rd St Phoenix, AZ 85004 Sponsored by

  5. 9. NSUF Instrumentation Needs_B Heidrich_INL_10-12-2016

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    NSUF Plans and Needs for In-Pile Sensors and Characterization Brenden Heidrich, Ph.D. R&D Capabilities Scientist, NSUF Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Sensors and Instrumentation Program Review October 12, 2016 INL/CON-16-39256 2 What is a User Facility? * Regional, national or international facility with unique experimental capabilities. * Access is typically cost-free through a competitive proposal process. * The goal is to connect the best ideas with the capability regardless of

  6. A History

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of the United States Atomic Energy Commission Volume II 1947/1952 Morale /Meld Richard G. Hewlett / Francis Duncan 1972 U.S. Atomic Energy Commission CONTENTS FOREWORD BY THE CHAIRMAN, HISTORICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE xi PREFACE xiii 1 THE TERRIBLE RESPONSIBILITY 1 Historical setting; the confirmation hearings, Janu- ary-March 1947. 2 UNCERTAIN MANDATE 15 Initial organization and staffing; initial policy con- siderations in weapons, production, and research; the report to the President, April 3,

  7. Advanced Composite Materials for Cold and Cryogenic Hydrogen Storage Applications in Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles: Workshop Summary Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    for Cold and Cryogenic Hydrogen Storage Applications in Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles October 29, 2015 Sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (This page intentionally left blank) Section title Unt utaerest in pos eum quo con et iii ADVANCED COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR COLD AND CRYOGENIC HYDROGEN STORAGE APPLICATIONS IN FUEL CELL ELECTRIC VEHICLES Advanced Composite Materials for Cold and Cryogenic Hydrogen Storage

  8. Oil recovery by nitrogen flooding. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Ronde, H.; Hagoort, J.

    1992-03-01

    The general objective of the project is the Establishment of technical and economic design criteria and evaluation tools for oil and condensate recovery by Nitrogen Injection. The main objective has been divided into the following specific objectives: Determination of the effect of oil composition on the oil recovery; Investigation of the pros and cons of slim-tube experiments as a tool for the design and evaluation of nitrogen flooding; Measurement and calculation of the minimum miscibility pressures (MMP) for nitrogen flooding.

  9. Laser Propulsion - Is it another myth or a real potential?

    SciTech Connect

    Cook, Joung R.

    2008-04-28

    This paper discusses different principles of inducing propulsive power using lasers and examines the performance limits along with pros and cons with respect to different space propulsion applications: satellite launching, orbital transfer, space debris clearing, satellite propulsion, and space travels. It concludes that a use of electrical propulsion, in conjunction with laser power beaming, is the most feasible application with technological and economic advantages for commercial use within the next decades.

  10. Modeling Mathematical Programs with Equilibrium Constraints in Pyomo

    SciTech Connect

    Hart, William E.; Siirola, John Daniel

    2015-07-01

    We describe new capabilities for modeling MPEC problems within the Pyomo modeling software. These capabilities include new modeling components that represent complementar- ity conditions, modeling transformations for re-expressing models with complementarity con- ditions in other forms, and meta-solvers that apply transformations and numeric optimization solvers to optimize MPEC problems. We illustrate the breadth of Pyomo's modeling capabil- ities for MPEC problems, and we describe how Pyomo's meta-solvers can perform local and global optimization of MPEC problems.

  11. 10 CFR Ch. III (1-1-11 Edition) Pt. 851, App. B

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2 10 CFR Ch. III (1-1-11 Edition) Pt. 851, App. B must meet the applicable electrical safety codes and standards referenced in § 851.23. 11. NANOTECHNOLOGY SAFETY-RESERVED The Department has chosen to reserve this section since policy and procedures for nano- technology safety are currently being devel- oped. Once these policies and procedures have been approved, the rule will be amended to include them through a rulemaking con- sistent with the Administrative Procedure Act. 12. WORKPLACE

  12. 2013 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report Fuel Cell Technologies Office November 2014 (This page intentionally left blank) Section title Unt utaerest in pos eum quo con et i Authors This report was compiled and written by Sandra Curtin and Jennifer Gangi of the Breakthrough Technologies Institute, Inc., in Washington, D.C. Acknowledgement The authors relied upon the hard work and valuable contributions of many men and women in government and in the fuel cell industry. The authors especially wish to

  13. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Executive Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Executive Summary In the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct), Con- gress directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on elec- tric transmission congestion and constraints within the Eastern and Western Interconnections. The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) further directed the Secretary to in- clude in the 2009 Congestion Study an analysis of significant potential sources of renewable energy that are constrained by lack of adequate

  14. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Treasure Homes, Sacramento, CA

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Treasure Homes' Fallen Leaf at Riverbend, a 32-home development started in 2006, is the first solar community built in Sacramento. Homes in Fallen Leaf save their homeowners as much as 50% on their utility costs. Treasure Homes worked with Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD), the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and consultant ConSol, a Building America team lead on the project. The home's energy-efficient building

  15. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Treasure Homes,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sacramento, California | Department of Energy Treasure Homes, Sacramento, California Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Treasure Homes, Sacramento, California Case study of Treasure Homes, who worked with SMUD, DOE, NREL, and ConSol to build HERS-54 homes with high-efficiency HVAC, ducts buried in attic insulation, SmartVent cooling, and rooftop PV. Treasure Homes: Fallen Leaf at Riverbend - Sacramento, CA (646.48 KB) More Documents & Publications Building America

  16. Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy pages 4001 - 4250 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Energy pages 4001 - 4250 Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy pages 4001 - 4250 Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy. nepdg_4001_4250.pdf R.eport Statement/Recommendation Background Pros/Cons discussion Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy.. (5.64 MB) More Documents & Publications Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy. Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy. Response to several FOIA requests

  17. PROJECT PROFILE: Electric Power Research Institute (SHINES) | Department of

    Energy Saver

    Energy Electric Power Research Institute (SHINES) PROJECT PROFILE: Electric Power Research Institute (SHINES) Title: Beneficial Integration of Energy Storage and Load Management with Photovoltaics epri-logo.jpg Funding Opportunity: Sustainable and Holistic Integration of Energy Storage and Solar PV SunShot Subprogram: Systems Integration Location: Knoxville, Tennessee Partners: FirstEnergy, NYPA, Con Edison, Southern Company, Gulf Power, Case Western Reserve University, Queens College of the

  18. Post-reform continuation of social goals

    SciTech Connect

    Graniere, R.J.

    1996-01-01

    Public utility regulators are currently wrestling with the issue of how and to what extent the social goals that have grown up around traditional regulation might be continued in a restructured electric power industry. This report critically examines six mechanisms that could be used for this purpose in the wake of the introduction of competition in the generation segment. Their pros and cons are thoroughly appraised in economic terms.

  19. Optimisation of NSLS-II Blade X-ray Beam Position Monitors: from Photoemission type to Diamond Detector

    SciTech Connect

    ILINSKI P.

    2012-07-10

    Optimisation of blade type x-ray beam position monitors (XBPM) was performed for NSLS-II undulator IVU20. Blade material, con and #64257;guration and operation principle was analysed in order to improve XBPM performance. Optimisation is based on calculation of the XBPM signal spatial distribution. Along with standard photoemission type XBPM a Diamond Detector Blades (DDB) were analysed as blades for XBPMs. DDB XBPMs can help to overcome drawbacks of the photoemission blade XBPMs.

  20. Stockbridge-Munsee Community - Renewable Energy Feasibility Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Stockbridge-Munsee Health & Wellness Center Renewable Energy Feasibility Study. Stockbridge-Munsee Tribal Overview * A Band of Mohican Indians * From the Algonquin language group of Tribes. Papscanee village site Painting follows archeological reports & accurately depicts pre European village. Tribal History * The tribe lived along the Muh-he-con-ne-ok River, "where the waters are never still". * The Stockbridge name came from the town of Stockbridge, in the Housatonic Valley

  1. Stockbridge-Munsee Health & Wellness Center and Family Center Renewable Energy Feasibility Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Stockbridge-Munsee Health & Wellness Center & Family Center Renewable Energy Feasibility Study. Stockbridge-Munsee Tribal Overview * A Band of Mohican Indians * From the Algonquin language group of Tribes. Papscanee Village Site Painting follows archeological reports & accurately depicts pre European village. Tribal History * The tribe lived along the Muh-he-con-ne-ok River, "where the waters are never still". (now the Hudson River) * The Stockbridge name came from the town

  2. Ponte en onda: prende la energía limpia, (Spanish) Get Current

    SciTech Connect

    2015-05-01

    Cambiar a tecnologías de energía limpia significa que fortalecemos la economía y protegemos al medio ambiente. Este libreto de actividades educativas para todas las edades promueve el uso consciente de la energía, con datos de distintas formas de energía aplicables y una variedad de rompecabezas y crucigramas en temas energéticos.

  3. Hanford Facility Beryllium Fact Sheet Building Number/Name:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hanford F Reactor Inspection B-roll footage Hanford F Reactor Inspection B-roll footage Addthis Description A look at the inside of Hanford's F Reactor during a scheduled inspection October 2014

    06KE Rad Con Count Lab Facility September 23, 1999 January 26, 2012 CHPRC Kristy Kimmerle, CIH PAST OPERATIONS Beryllium brought in facility: YES Form of beryllium: SOLID Period of beryllium operations (dates): Start: 1960 End: 1960 Location(s) in facility that contained beryllium materials:

  4. Health Safety & Environmental Protection Committee Site Risks:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    & Environmental Protection Committee Site Risks:  Radiation - alpha, gamma, beta, neutrons o Plutonium (joint w/ TWC) - IM: Becky, Tom  What is the possibility of criticality?  Sludge samples - is disturbance allowed?  How many tanks are affected?  How is plutonium being monitored? o Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) - IM: Tom o RAD Con program - IM: Tom  Chemical o Beryllium - IM: Keith, Mike  continue to monitor o Chemical vapors: IM: Tom  Concern that Industrial

  5. Using Smart Grid Technologies to Modernize Distribution Infrastructure in New York

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the U.S. Department of Energy and the electricity industry have jointly invested over $7.9 billion in 99 cost-shared Smart Grid Investment Grant projects to modernize the electric grid, strengthen cybersecurity, improve interoperability, and collect an unprecedented level of data on smart grid and customer operations. 1. Summary Consolidated Edison's (Con Edison) Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) project focuses on the modernization of

  6. Genetically Encoded Fragment-Based Discovery of Glycopeptide Ligands for Carbohydrate-Binding Proteins

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Ng, Simon; Lin, Edith; Kitov, Pavel I.; Tjhung, Katrina F.; Gerlits, Oksana O.; Deng, Lu; Kasper, Brian; Sood, Amika; Paschal, Beth M.; Zhang, Ping; et al

    2015-04-10

    Here we describe an approach to accelerate the search for competitive inhibitors for carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs). Genetically encoded fragment-based-discovery (GE-FBD) uses selection of phagedisplayed glycopeptides to dock a glycan fragment at the CRD and guide selection of Synergistic peptide motifs adjacent to the CRD. Starting from concanavalin A (ConA), a mannose (Man)-binding protein, as a bait, we narrowed a library of 108 glycopeptides to 86 leads that share a consensus motif, Man-WYD. Validation of synthetic leads yielded Man-WYDLF that exhibited 40 50-fold enhancement in affinity over methyl α-D-mannopyranoside (MeMan). Lectin array Suggested specificity: Man-WYD derivative bound only to 3 outmore » of 17 proteins-ConA, LcH, and PSA-that bind to Man. An X-ray structure of ConA.:Man-WYD proved that the trimannoside core and Man-WYD exhibit identical CRD docking; but their extra-CRD binding modes are significantly. different. Still, they have comparable affinity and selectivity for various Man-binding proteins. The intriguing observation provides new insight into functional mimicry :of carbohydrates by peptide ligands. GE-FBD may provide an alternative to rapidly search for competitive inhibitors for lectins.« less

  7. Genetically Encoded Fragment-Based Discovery of Glycopeptide Ligands for Carbohydrate-Binding Proteins

    SciTech Connect

    Ng, Simon; Lin, Edith; Kitov, Pavel I.; Tjhung, Katrina F.; Gerlits, Oksana O.; Deng, Lu; Kasper, Brian; Sood, Amika; Paschal, Beth M.; Zhang, Ping; Ling, Chang-Chun; Klassen, John S.; Noren, Christopher J.; Mahal, Lara K.; Woods, Robert J.; Coates, Leighton; Derda, Ratmir

    2015-04-10

    Here we describe an approach to accelerate the search for competitive inhibitors for carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs). Genetically encoded fragment-based-discovery (GE-FBD) uses selection of phagedisplayed glycopeptides to dock a glycan fragment at the CRD and guide selection of Synergistic peptide motifs adjacent to the CRD. Starting from concanavalin A (ConA), a mannose (Man)-binding protein, as a bait, we narrowed a library of 108 glycopeptides to 86 leads that share a consensus motif, Man-WYD. Validation of synthetic leads yielded Man-WYDLF that exhibited 40 50-fold enhancement in affinity over methyl α-D-mannopyranoside (MeMan). Lectin array Suggested specificity: Man-WYD derivative bound only to 3 out of 17 proteins-ConA, LcH, and PSA-that bind to Man. An X-ray structure of ConA.:Man-WYD proved that the trimannoside core and Man-WYD exhibit identical CRD docking; but their extra-CRD binding modes are significantly. different. Still, they have comparable affinity and selectivity for various Man-binding proteins. The intriguing observation provides new insight into functional mimicry :of carbohydrates by peptide ligands. GE-FBD may provide an alternative to rapidly search for competitive inhibitors for lectins.

  8. A Run-Time Verification Framework for Smart Grid Applications Implemented on Simulation Frameworks

    SciTech Connect

    Ciraci, Selim; Sozer, Hasan; Tekinerdogan, Bedir

    2013-05-18

    Smart grid applications are implemented and tested with simulation frameworks as the developers usually do not have access to large sensor networks to be used as a test bed. The developers are forced to map the implementation onto these frameworks which results in a deviation between the architecture and the code. On its turn this deviation makes it hard to verify behavioral constraints that are de- scribed at the architectural level. We have developed the ConArch toolset to support the automated verification of architecture-level behavioral constraints. A key feature of ConArch is programmable mapping for architecture to the implementation. Here, developers implement queries to identify the points in the target program that correspond to architectural interactions. ConArch generates run- time observers that monitor the flow of execution between these points and verifies whether this flow conforms to the behavioral constraints. We illustrate how the programmable mappings can be exploited for verifying behavioral constraints of a smart grid appli- cation that is implemented with two simulation frameworks.

  9. Phase formation, thermal stability and magnetic moment of cobalt nitride thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Rachana; Pandey, Nidhi; Tayal, Akhil; Gupta, Mukul E-mail: dr.mukul.gupta@gmail.com

    2015-09-15

    Cobalt nitride (Co-N) thin films prepared using a reactive magnetron sputtering process are studied in this work. During the thin film deposition process, the relative nitrogen gas flow (R{sub N{sub 2}}) was varied. As R{sub N{sub 2}} increases, Co(N), Co{sub 4}N, Co{sub 3}N and CoN phases are formed. An incremental increase in R{sub N{sub 2}}, after emergence of Co{sub 4}N phase at R{sub N{sub 2}} = 10%, results in a linear increase of the lattice constant (a) of Co{sub 4}N. For R{sub N{sub 2}} = 30%, a maximizes and becomes comparable to its theoretical value. An expansion in a of Co{sub 4}N, results in an enhancement of the magnetic moment, to the extent that it becomes even larger than pure Co. Such larger than pure metal magnetic moment for tetra-metal nitrides (M{sub 4}N) have been theoretically predicted. Incorporation of N atoms in M{sub 4}N configuration results in an expansion of a (relative to pure metal) and enhances the itinerary of conduction band electrons leading to larger than pure metal magnetic moment for M{sub 4}N compounds. Though a higher (than pure Fe) magnetic moment for Fe{sub 4}N thin films has been evidenced experimentally, higher (than pure Co) magnetic moment is evidenced in this work.

  10. Quantitative and qualitative measures of decomposition: Is there a link?

    SciTech Connect

    Eaton, Robert, J.; Sanchez, Felipe, G.

    2009-03-01

    Decomposition rates of loblolly pine coarse woody debris (CWD) were determined by mass loss and wood density changes for trees that differed in source of mortality (natural, girdle-poison, and felling). Specifically, three treatments were examined: (1) control (CON): natural mortality; (2) CD: 5-fold increase in CWD compared with the CON; and (3) CS: 12-fold increase in snags compared with the CON. The additional CWD in the CD treatment plots and the additional snags in the CS plots were achieved by felling (for the CD plots) or girdling followed by herbicide injection (for the CS plots) select trees in these plots. Consequently,mortality on the CD plots is due to natural causes and felling. Likewise, mortality on the CS plots is due to natural causes and girdle-poison. In each treatment plot, mortality due to natural causes was inventoried since 1997, whereas mortality due to girdle-poison and felling were inventoried since 2001. No significant difference was detected between the rates of decomposition for the CWD on these treatment plots, indicating that source of the tree mortality did not influence rates of decomposition once the tree fell. These experimental measures of decomposition were compared with two decay classification systems (three- and five-unit classifications) to determine linkages. Changes in wood density did not correlate to any decay classification, whereas mass loss had a weak correlation with decay class. However, the large degree of variation limits the utility of decay classification systems in estimating mass loss.

  11. Human Factors Aspects of Operating Small Reactors

    SciTech Connect

    OHara, J.M.; Higgins, J.; Deem, R.; Xing, J.; DAgostino, A.

    2010-11-07

    The nuclear-power community has reached the stage of proposing advanced reactor designs to support power generation for decades to come. They are considering small modular reactors (SMRs) as one approach to meet these energy needs. While the power output of individual reactor modules is relatively small, they can be grouped to produce reactor sites with different outputs. Also, they can be designed to generate hydrogen, or to process heat. Many characteristics of SMRs are quite different from those of current plants, and so may require a concept of operations (ConOps) that also is different. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has begun examining the human factors engineering- (HFE) and ConOps- aspects of SMRs; if needed, they will formulate guidance to support SMR licensing reviews. We developed a ConOps model, consisting of the following dimensions: Plant mission; roles and responsibilities of all agents; staffing, qualifications, and training; management of normal operations; management of off-normal conditions and emergencies; and, management of maintenance and modifications. We are reviewing information on SMR design to obtain data about each of these dimensions, and have identified several preliminary issues. In addition, we are obtaining operations-related information from other types of multi-module systems, such as refineries, to identify lessons learned from their experience. Here, we describe the project's methodology and our preliminary findings.

  12. Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Radionuclide Transport at the Climax Mine sub-CAU, Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect

    K. Pohlmann; M. Ye; D. Reeves; M. Zavarin; D. Decker; J. Chapman

    2007-09-28

    The Yucca Flat-Climax Mine Corrective Action Unit (CAU) on the Nevada Test Site comprises 747 underground nuclear detonations, all but three of which were conducted in alluvial, volcanic, and carbonate rocks in Yucca Flat. The remaining three tests were conducted in the very different hydrogeologic setting of the Climax Mine granite stock located in Area 15 at the northern end of Yucca Flat. As part of the Corrective Action Investigation (CAI) for the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU, models of groundwater flow and radionuclide transport will be developed for Yucca Flat. However, two aspects of these CAU-scale models require focused modeling at the northern end of Yucca Flat beyond the capability of these large models. First, boundary conditions and boundary flows along the northern reaches of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU require evaluation to a higher level of detail than the CAU-scale Yucca Flat model can efficiently provide. Second, radionuclide fluxes from the Climax tests require analysis of flow and transport in fractured granite, a unique hydrologic environment as compared to Yucca Flat proper. This report describes the Climax Mine sub-CAU modeling studies conducted to address these issues, with the results providing a direct feed into the CAI for the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU. Three underground nuclear detonations were conducted for weapons effects testing in the Climax stock between 1962 and 1966: Hard Hat, Pile Driver, and Tiny Tot. Though there is uncertainty regarding the position of the water table in the stock, it is likely that all three tests were conducted in the unsaturated zone. In the early 1980s, the Spent Fuel Test-Climax (SFT-C) was constructed to evaluate the feasibility of retrievable, deep geologic storage of commercial nuclear reactor wastes. Detailed mapping of fractures and faults carried out for the SFT-C studies greatly expanded earlier data sets collected in association with the nuclear tests and provided invaluable information for

  13. THE SLOAN LENS ACS SURVEY. X. STELLAR, DYNAMICAL, AND TOTAL MASS CORRELATIONS OF MASSIVE EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect

    Auger, M. W.; Treu, T.; Marshall, P. J.; Bolton, A. S.; Gavazzi, R.; Koopmans, L. V. E.; Moustakas, L. A.

    2010-11-20

    We use stellar masses, surface photometry, strong-lensing masses, and stellar velocity dispersions ({sigma}{sub e/2}) to investigate empirical correlations for the definitive sample of 73 early-type galaxies (ETGs) that are strong gravitational lenses from the SLACS survey. The traditional correlations (fundamental plane (FP) and its projections) are consistent with those found for non-lens galaxies, supporting the thesis that SLACS lens galaxies are representative of massive ETGs (dimensional mass M{sub dim} = 10{sup 11}-10{sup 12} M{sub sun}). The addition of high-precision strong-lensing estimates of the total mass allows us to gain further insights into their internal structure: (1) the average slope of the total mass-density profile ({rho}{sub tot}{proportional_to}r{sup -}{gamma}') is ({gamma}') = 2.078 {+-} 0.027 with an intrinsic scatter of 0.16 {+-} 0.02; (2) {gamma}' correlates with effective radius (r{sub e}) and central mass density, in the sense that denser galaxies have steeper profiles; (3) the dark matter (DM) fraction within r{sub e} /2 is a monotonically increasing function of galaxy mass and size (due to a mass-dependent central cold DM distribution or due to baryonic DM-stellar remnants or low-mass stars-if the initial mass function is non-universal and its normalization increases with mass); (4) the dimensional mass M{sub dim} {identical_to} 5r{sub e} {sigma}{sup 2}{sub e/2}/G is proportional to the total (lensing) mass M{sub r{sub e/2}}, and both increase more rapidly than stellar mass M{sub *} (M{sub *{proportional_to}}M{sub r{sub e/2}{sup 0.8}); (5) the mass plane (MP), obtained by replacing surface brightness with surface mass density in the FP, is found to be tighter and closer to the virial relation than the FP and the M{sub *}P, indicating that the scatter of those relations is dominated by stellar population effects; (6) we construct the fundamental hyper-plane by adding stellar masses to the MP and find the M{sub *} coefficient to be

  14. Salvianolic acid A preconditioning confers protection against concanavalin A-induced liver injury through SIRT1-mediated repression of p66shc in mice

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, Xiaomei; Hu, Yan; Zhai, Xiaohan; Lin, Musen [Department of Pharmacology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); Chen, Zhao; Tian, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Feng [Department of General Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023 (China); Gao, Dongyan; Ma, Xiaochi [Department of Pharmacology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); Lv, Li, E-mail: lv_li@126.com [Department of Pharmacology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); Yao, Jihong, E-mail: Yaojihong65@hotmail.com [Department of Pharmacology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China)

    2013-11-15

    Salvianolic acid A (SalA) is a phenolic carboxylic acid derivative extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza. It has many biological and pharmaceutical activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of SalA on concanavalin A (ConA)-induced acute hepatic injury in Kunming mice and to explore the role of SIRT1 in such an effect. The results showed that in vivo pretreatment with SalA significantly reduced ConA-induced elevation in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities and decreased levels of the hepatotoxic cytokines such as interferon-gamma (IFN-?) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?). Moreover, the SalA pretreatment ameliorated the increases in NF-?B and in cleaved caspase-3 caused by ConA exposure. Whereas, the pretreatment completely reversed expression of the B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xL). More importantly, the SalA pretreatment significantly increased the expression of SIRT1, a NAD{sup +}-dependent deacetylase, which was known to attenuate acute hypoxia damage and metabolic liver diseases. In our study, the increase in SIRT1 was closely associated with down-regulation of the p66 isoform (p66shc) of growth factor adapter Shc at both protein and mRNA levels. In HepG2 cell culture, SalA pretreatment increased SIRT1 expression in a time and dose-dependent manner and such an increase was abrogated by siRNA knockdown of SIRT1. Additionally, inhibition of SIRT1 significantly reversed the decreased expression of p66shc, and attenuated SalA-induced p66shc down-regulation. Collectively, the present study indicated that SalA may be a potent activator of SIRT and that SalA can alleviate ConA-induced hepatitis through SIRT1-mediated repression of the p66shc pathway. - Highlights: We report for the first time that SalA protects against ConA-induced hepatitis. We find that SalA is a potential activator of SIRT1. SalA's protection against hepatitis involves SIRT1-mediated repression of p66shc.

  15. Modification of the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) sytem of radiation protection requirements and guidance

    SciTech Connect

    O`Connell, P.V.; Rabovsky, J.L.; Zobel, S.G.

    1996-06-01

    DOE has undertaken a major modification of its system of radiation protection guidance and requirements. The objectives of this modification are to (1) eliminate unnecessary and redundant requirements, (2) clearly delineate requirements from guidance, (3) codify all radiation protection requirements, and (4) move from a compliance based approach towards a performance based approach. To achieve these objectives DOE has (1) canceled DOE Order 5480.11, {open_quotes}Radiation Protection for DOE Workers,{close_quotes} DOE Order 5480.15, {open_quotes}Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program (DOELAP) for Personnel Dosimetry,{close_quotes} and DOE Notice 5400.13, {open_quotes}Sealed Radioactive Source Accountability,{close_quotes} (2) converted the DOE Radiological Control (RadCon) Manual from mandatory to non mandatory status, and (3) issued DOE Notice 441.1 to maintain those requirements (not in 10 CFR 835) considered necessary for radiation protection of workers. DOE has initiated actions to (1) amend 10 CFR 835 (the Federal rule on occupational radiation protection in the DOE complex) to incorporate the requirements, or their equivalent, in DOE Notice 441.1, (2) issue a technical standard containing guidance on DOELAP, (3) reissue the DOE RadCon Manual as a non mandatory technical standard that reflects the amendments to 10 CFR 835, and (4) revise the implementation guides on radiation protection for consistency with 10 CFR 835 and the RadCon Manual. As a result of these modifications, the system of radiation protection in the DOE will become more comparable with the system of radiation protection used by commercial industry and with the system of protection applied to other areas of worker health and safety.

  16. Explorer : des clés pour mieux comprendre la matière

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Le LHC va-t-il bouleverser les théories de l'infiniment petit ? Les physiciens aimeraient que l'accélérateur fasse trembler le modèle standard. Cette théorie des particules élémentaires et des forces laisse de nombreuses zones d'ombre. Le LHC et ses expériences ont été conçus pour les éclairer.

  17. to16-drawings-2-2_1.pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Large STAD Canister 44 BWR Large STAD Canister 21 PWR 186 in - 212 in 68.5in O.D. 68.5in O.D. Large STAD Canister Large STAD Canister 21 PWR Large STAD Canister 44 BWR MAX. WEIGHT W/FUEL = 108,500 LBS. U.S. Department of Energy Task Order #16 Development of Consolidated Storage Facility Design Concepts LARGE STAD CANISTER Environmental & Infrastructure Inc. TO16-S1-CPAD-CON-5 ISF CONTAINERS Medium STAD Canister 32 BWR Medium STAD Canister 12 PWR 52in O.D. 52in O.D. 186 in - 212 in Medium

  18. GNU Bug Reports

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    GLADY CASSIT Y VANDALIA MURPHY CR EEK BU CKHN-CENT URY CLAY GLENVILLE N MINNORA JARVISVILLE FAR MINGTON PH ILIPPI BELIN GT ON WAYN ESBUR G PR UNT Y GLENVILLE S CAVE RUN TAYLOR DRAIN ROSEDALE ST MPT-N RMNT-SHK WESTON-JAN E LEW SWN DL-WID EN VADIS STANL EY DEKALB UNION TALLM AN SVILL E ASPINALL-FIN ST ER ZOLLARSVILLE WILBU R RAMSEY HEATER S BR IDGEPORT-PRUNT YTOWN ALEXAND ER LILLY FORK SH ERMAN HIRAM ST FK-BLST N CK BU RNS CH APEL S BR WN -LUM BER PORT CON INGS PR ATT BOSWELL REVEL ELK C REEK

  19. HEP-v2-for-dist

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Case S tudy: C on.nuing S tudies o f P lasma B ased Accelerators ( mp113) * PI: W. B. Mori (UCLA) * Presenter: F. S. Tsung (UCLA) Users: W. An, A. Davidson, V. K. Decyk, (UCLA), J. Vieira, L. Silva (IST), W. Lu (UCLA/ Tsinghua) F. S. Tsung, HEP Workshop HEP R equirements: Con.nuing S tudies o f P lasma B ased A ccelerators ( mp113) (PI: W . B . M ori, P resenter: F . S . T sung) An alternate scheme to accelerate particles using plasmas is the Plasma WakeField Accelerator (PWFA) concept where a

  20. The Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) Model

    SciTech Connect

    Hadley, Stanton W

    2008-06-01

    The Oak Ridge Competitive electricity Dispatch (ORCED) model has been used for multiple analyses of the impacts of different technologies and policies on the electricity grid. The model was developed over ten years ago and has been greatly enhanced since the initial documentation from June 1998 (ORNL/CON-464). The report gives guidance on the workflow and methodologies used, but does not provide a complete user's manual detailing steps necessary to operate the model. It lists the major resources used, shows the main inputs and outputs of the model, and describes how it can be used for a variety of analyses.

  1. PREPARATIVOS EN MARCHA PARA LA CONFERENCIA SOBRE JUSTICIA AMBIENTAL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    NACIONAL Y EL PROGRAMA DE CAPACITACIÓN 2014 | Department of Energy PREPARATIVOS EN MARCHA PARA LA CONFERENCIA SOBRE JUSTICIA AMBIENTAL NACIONAL Y EL PROGRAMA DE CAPACITACIÓN 2014 PREPARATIVOS EN MARCHA PARA LA CONFERENCIA SOBRE JUSTICIA AMBIENTAL NACIONAL Y EL PROGRAMA DE CAPACITACIÓN 2014 La conferencia regresa a D.C. del 26 al 28 de marzo de 2014 con la celebración de los 20 años de justicia ambiental pasados y futuros. PREPARATIVOS EN MARCHA PARA LA CONFERENCIA SOBRE JUSTICIA

  2. Conrad L. Longmire, 1961 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Conocimiento de Energia Conocimiento de Energia Conocimiento de Energia Conocimiento de Energía: Principios Esenciales y Conceptos Fundamentales para la Educación de Energía presenta conceptos de energía que, cuando se entienden y se aplican, ayudan a individuos y a comunidades a tomar decisiones sobre la energía con conocimiento de causa. Descargue una copia gratis de Conocimiento de Energía (en la parte inferior de esta página) o escríbanos a energyliteracy@ee.doe.gov para obtener

  3. History of the chemical heritage foundation scientific instrumentation museum.

    SciTech Connect

    Ferraro, J. R.; Brame, E. G., Jr.; Chemistry; Cecon Group, Inc.

    2002-09-01

    It all began in March 1990 at the 40th Pittsburgh Conference (PittCon) meeting in the Jacob Javitz Convention Center in New York, New York. Coauthor John R. Ferraro stopped at the Beckman Booth and began discussing with Robert Jarnutowski, at the time an engineer with Beckman Instruments (Fullerton, CA), the impending 50th anniversary of the landmark instrument, the Beckman DU spectrophotometer, in 1991. The thought entered Ferraro's mind that landmark instruments such as this one should be preserved in a museum, Germany, England, and Italy host scientific instrumentation museums.

  4. Los Alamos National Laboratory * Est. 1943 The Pulse-Newsletter of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and Accelerator Operations and Technology Division

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Los Alamos National Laboratory * Est. 1943 The Pulse-Newsletter of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and Accelerator Operations and Technology Division I N S I D E 2 From Alex's Desk 3 lujAn Center reseArCh FeAtureD on Cover oF Langmuir 4 FunCtionAl oxiDes unDer extreme ConDi- tions-quest For new mAteriAls 6 heADs uP! By Diana Del Mauro ADEPS Communications Inside the Lujan Neutron Scattering Center, Victor Fanelli is busy preparing a superconducting magnet. In a series of delicate steps,

  5. Scientific Achievement

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    xperimentally o bserved r obust p iezoelectricity in s uspended s ingle m olecular l ayer o f M oS 2 i n atmosphere, the first discovery of such direct conversion b etween e lectricity a nd m echanical stress in free---standing 2D materials. Significance and Impact It p romises n ew a pplicaCons i n n ano---generators a nd low---power l ogic s witches f or c ompuCng s caled down t o a s ingle a tomic u nit c ell. Research Details - Fabricated e lectro---mechanical d evices w ith f ree---

  6. EV-13

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ?a/71 2.z=' 1. lg EV-13 Notification of Xced for So!?e Form of Reoedial Action, in Ikyo Ca~;~op., Los Alanos, New Mexico s. lkycrs, HEI-90 4 EV/IXT has dctcrnincd that portions of Szyo Ca~yor? aztr contapAnat& vith radioactive residue as a result of activities conducteiI for the ku!hsttzi F r- sider this -n...lnecr I?istrict and ntornic Lncrg Cocaissio2. vc con- site to be low priority as potential e!xp,osw'c rates to the general putilic are relatively low under the p&en: Enclosed in

  7. Historical Information H.2 Biological Studies

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Ad Hoc Rulison Review Panel Comments Regarding Re-Entry, Gas Reservoir Testing and Flaring, November 21, 1969 This page intentionally left blank November 21, 1969 1-lr. Robert E. Miller, Manager Nevada Operations Office , U.. S, Atomic Energy Commission Post Office Box 14100 Las Vegas, Nevada 89114 Dear M r . Miller: Members of t h e Ad Hoc Rulison Review Panel m e t on 20 and 2 1 November, 1969, a t t h e AEC1s San Francisco Operations Office t o review data con- cerning ~ r e d i c t i o n s

  8. PNWD

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    --- - - - - - -- - - - -- -- -- - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - -- - - -- - --, PNWD -3802 Battelle 71u! Business a/Innovation Monticello Mill Ta:i.lings Site Macroinvertebrate Sampling for 2006 A.L. Bunn R.P. Mueller CA. Duberstein J.M. Brandenberger February 2007 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Ene rgy under Con tract DE-AC13-02GJ79491 DI SCLAIM ER This report was prepared as an account of wo rk spo nso red by an agency of th e United States Go vernment. N either th e United States G

  9. Case Study: USPS - Lean Green Teams

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    "Lean Green" teams and a detailed guidebook helps develop a conservation culture throughout the USPS USPS - Lean Green Teams The Postal Service's 630+ Lean Green Teams are made up of postal employees who collaborate across functions to identify and implement low- and no-cost ways to con- serve natural resources, purchase fewer consumable products, and reduce waste of all kinds. Teams are organized at the area, district, and facility levels. The teams employ on-line tools including a

  10. Los lideres de energia en EEUU toman medidas para desarrollar la Alianza de

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energia y Clima de las Americas | Department of Energy lideres de energia en EEUU toman medidas para desarrollar la Alianza de Energia y Clima de las Americas Los lideres de energia en EEUU toman medidas para desarrollar la Alianza de Energia y Clima de las Americas June 16, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis In English LIMA, PERÚ - Ministros de energía y otros líderes de energía de gobiernos de a través de las Américas se reunieron con corporaciones de energía y otros expertos en Lima, el 15 y

  11. Coupling radiative heat transfer in participating media with other heat transfer modes

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Tencer, John; Howell, John R.

    2015-09-28

    The common methods for finding the local radiative flux divergence in participating media through solution of the radiative transfer equation are outlined. The pros and cons of each method are discussed in terms of their speed, ability to handle spectral properties and scattering phenomena, as well as their accuracy in different ranges of media transport properties. The suitability of each method for inclusion in the energy equation to efficiently solve multi-mode thermal transfer problems is discussed. Lastly, remaining topics needing research are outlined.

  12. Nitroxylcob(III)Alamin: Synthesis And X-Ray Structural Characterization

    SciTech Connect

    Hannibal, L.; Smith, C.A.; Jacobsen, D.W.; Brasch, N.E.

    2009-06-01

    The long-elusive crystal structure of nitrosylcobalamin (NOCbl) reveals that the Co-N-O angle is 117.4-121.4{sup o}; hence, NOCbl is best described as nitroxylcob(III)alamin in the solid state (see picture: Co purple, N blue, O red, P orange, C gray, H white). The length of the Co-N bond trans to the NO ligand is typical of those seen when strong {beta}-axial ligands are positioned trans to the 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole group.

  13. Concept of operations for channel characterization and simulation of coaxial transmission channels at the National Ignition Facility (NIF)

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Jr., Charles G.

    2015-03-23

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) executes experiments for inertial con nement fusion (ICF), world-class high energy density physics (HEDP), and critical national security missions. While the laser systems, target positioners, alignment systems, control systems, etc. enable the execution of such experiments, NIF’s utility would be greatly reduced without its suite of diagnostics. It would be e ectively “blind” to the incredible physics unleashed in its target chamber. Since NIF diagnostics are such an important part of its mission, the quality and reliability of the diagnostics, and of the data recorded from them, is crucial.

  14. labnews09-30-16.qxp_la02_02-20-04

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    FLC in ABQ Inside . . . Don Susan named a Fellow of materials society . . . . . . . . . 2 California site marks 20 years of bio research . . . . . . . . . . 3 Exascale rising! P artnerships were top of mind as more than 120 tech transfer experts from 22 federal labs in 15 states came to Albuquerque for the 2016 Federal Laboratory Con- sortium (FLC) Mid-Continent and Far West Regional Meet- ing. It was the first-ever FLC regional meeting in the city and featured a talk by Jetta Wong, director of

  15. Radiation Control in Tank farms discussion with HAB

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Control in Tank Farms discussion with HAB Health, Safety, Environment Protection Brandon Williams February 14, 2012 Timeline * 2-23-10, ORP initiated an assessment of WRPS Rad Program * 6-9-10, ORP issues RadCon assessment report. - 1 Concern, 3 Level 1 findings, 12 level 2 findings * 11-5-10, WRPS submits a CAP, which ORP approved. - Based on Root causes - An end point/effectiveness review was required * 5-27-11, DOE Office of Enforcement issues a Consent Order based upon ORP identified

  16. Untitled

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nan Li MPA-CINT: Materials Physics & ApplicaCons Division - Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Los Alamos NaConal Laboratory Achieving High Mechanical Deformability in Piezoelectric AlN Nanocomposites Monday, May 9, 2016 2:00 to 3:00pm MSL Auditorium (TA-03 - Bldg 1698 - Room A103) Abstract: Piezoelectric ceramic films (such as AlN) have a wide range of applica;ons in microelectronics. Under electric fields or mechanical strains, these materials can achieve energy conversion between

  17. Microsoft Word - ViArray_Fact_ Sheet_SAND2011-3935P_updated_format.docx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ViA Tru Sandia N radiation ASICs e Pre-qual Manufac fabric-lik Specia  M  F s  U s  O Applica  C  I  S  O  R  H Sandia N high-con design a high-mix capabilit high-reli Array sted National Lab n-hardened, enable rapid lified base ar cturing Sour ke structure l Features Metal-via co Four Power- supplies for p Unused trans static current On-package ations incl Command & Instrumentat Sensor Moni Obsolescent Rad-hard env High-Reliabi National Lab nsequence ap and

  18. TrinityHPCUserForum.9.8.14.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Trinity: A dvanced T echnology S ystem for t he A SC P rogram Manuel Vigil Trinity Project Director High Performance Computing Division Los Alamos National Laboratory HPC U ser F orum September 1 7, 2 014 LA---UR---14---27024 NERSC-8 and Trinity team activities Market s urveys NERSC---8 Trinity Market s urveys Crea6ng requirements Release R FP Vendor S elec6on Some j oint nego6a6ons Common b ase SOW l anguage? Separate S OWs Separate S OWs Joint Nego6a6ons Nego6a6ons Market s urveys Con$nue t o

  19. X

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    6A NAME AND TITLE OF CON CTING OFFICER (Type or print) 11 CONTRACT 10 CODE IPAGE OF PAGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION/MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT 1 I 2 2 AMENDMENT/MODIFICATION NO. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE 4. REQUISITION/PURCHASE REQ. NO. 15. PROJECT NO. (If applicable) 219 See Block 16C a.ISSUED BY CODE 05007 7. ADMINISTERED BY (If other than Item 6) CODE 105007 NNSA/Pantex Site Office NNSA/Pantex Site Office U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy NNSA/Pantex Site Office NNSA/Pantex Site

  20. *

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC-8/Cori will at least double NERSC capacity in CY17 and triple capacity in CY18, in addi>on to Early Use >me in FY17. * Con>nued support from DOE, Administra>on, and Congress due to the Accomplishments of NERSC users and staff; e.g., requested $76 million for FY16, Congress provided $86 million and mandate to start power/cooling upgrade (for NERSC-9). * FY17 Request: $92 million; i.e., $4 million more than infla>on. * NERSC-9 draV Request For Proposals specifies Delivery in

  1. 2010sr16.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Recovery Act Funds Put Aiken Technical College Rad Con Graduates to Work Early Aiken, S.C. - Using $200,000 in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds from the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS), the Aiken Technical College's (ATC) Radiation Protection Technology Program will be able to catapult 16 graduates into the local work force nearly six months ahead of schedule. "The program's first graduates are a success story that has come to life in a short period of

  2. Distributed Solar Photovoltaics for Electric Vehicle Charging: Regulatory and Policy Considerations (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    Increasing demand for electric vehicle (EV) charging provides an opportunity for market expansion of distributed solar technology. A major barrier to the current deployment of solar technology for EV charging is a lack of clear information for policy makers, utilities and potential adopters. This paper introduces the pros and cons of EV charging during the day versus at night, summarizes the benefits and grid implications of combining solar and EV charging technologies, and offers some regulatory and policy options available to policy makers and regulators wanting to incentivize solar EV charging.

  3. Conocimiento de Energia | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Conocimiento de Energia Conocimiento de Energia Conocimiento de Energia Conocimiento de Energía: Principios Esenciales y Conceptos Fundamentales para la Educación de Energía presenta conceptos de energía que, cuando se entienden y se aplican, ayudan a individuos y a comunidades a tomar decisiones sobre la energía con conocimiento de causa. Descargue una copia gratis de Conocimiento de Energía (en la parte inferior de esta página) o escríbanos a energyliteracy@ee.doe.gov para obtener

  4. New Catalyst Converts CO₂ to Fuel

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy Bedford Builds Foundation for Energy-Centric Economic Development New Bedford Builds Foundation for Energy-Centric Economic Development August 25, 2014 - 2:51pm Addthis Pictured here is one of the solar arrays that is providing New Bedford with clean, renewable energy to power its municipally owned buildings. This ground-mounted solar array is built on a brownfield site. | Photo courtesy of Con Edison Solutions. Pictured here is one of the solar arrays that is providing

  5. User Update

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Edison and Cori: User Update - 1 - Zhengji Zhao, Helen He, Wahid Bhimji NERSC User Group Meeting Berkeley, CA, March 24, 2016 Edison Update - 2 - Zhengji Zhao Edison upgrades (11/30/2015-3/15) * Edison move 11/30-12/23/2015 - Edison disassembled, reassembled, integrated, reconfigured and tested at CRT - 1/4/2016 users were enabled - Free charging period 1/4 - 1/10/2016 * Switch to Slurm - Slurm configuraDon has been in conDnuous improvement and adjustment - Users needed a lot of help with

  6. BWXTymes, May 2007, A newsletter for the employees and friends of the Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Photography Manager Terry Marlar has been surprised during his tenure at Y-12, but one thing he didn't expect was the num- ber of high-quality amateur photographers within the Complex. "I was amazed at the great photos we received for the con- test," Marlar said of the more than 1,000 photographs entered in the East Tennessee Nature Photography Contest. Winning photo- graphs will be displayed in the Jack Case and New Hope centers. Photographs were judged on technical and artistic

  7. ,"U.S. Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Consumed" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed",4,"Annual",2015,"6/30/2003" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_cons_heat_dcu_nus_a.xls"

  8. Turn Motors Off When Not in Use | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Turn Motors Off When Not in Use Turn Motors Off When Not in Use Motors do not use energy when turned off. Reducing motor operating time by just 10% usually saves more energy than replacing a standard efficiency motor with a premium efficiency motor. This tip sheet discusses pros and cons of repeated motor starts and stops and provides suggested actions. Motor Systems Tip Sheet #10 Turn Motors Off When Not in Use (November 2012) (458 KB) More Documents & Publications Improving Motor and Drive

  9. Eia.gov BETA - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Referencia cruzada de definición English FranÇais Español A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Explorar los términos relacionados con las siguientes categorías: petróleo crudo y equivalentes líquidos del gas natural aditivos y oxigenantes productos del petróleo gas natural biocombustibles electricidad Ver índice de todos los términos

  10. Recover Heat from Boiler Blowdown, Energy Tips: STEAM, Steam Tip Sheet #10 (Fact Sheet), Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0 Recover Heat from Boiler Blowdown Heat can be recovered from boiler blowdown by using a heat exchanger to preheat boiler makeup water. Any boiler with continuous blowdown exceeding 5% of the steam rate is a good candidate for the introduction of blowdown waste heat recovery. Larger energy savings occur with high-pressure boilers. The following table shows the potential for heat recovery from boiler blowdown. Example In a plant where the fuel cost is $8.00 per million Btu ($8.00/MMBtu), a con-

  11. J

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    J ames S iegrist, A ssociate D irector, Office o f H igh E nergy P hysics Office o f S cience, U .S. D epartment o f E nergy NERSC HEP Requirements Planning Review November 27 th , 2012 PerspecJves f rom H igh E nergy P hysics OFFICE O F SCIENCE 1 I s t o u nderstand * How the universe works at its most fundamental level, * By discovering the elementary consJtuents of maPer & energy, * Probing t he i nteracJons b etween t hem, a nd * exploring the basic nature of space and Jme. This q uest

  12. J:\ARM_19~1\P367-376.WPD

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    r e ) CO 2 H 2 O O 3 m 3 m 3 (r e ) µm µm (r e ) (R N ) (r e ) (r e ) m 2 m 2 R N Session Papers 373 Clouds and Snowmelt on the North Slope of Alaska T. Zhang, K. Stamnes, and S.-A. Bowling Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks Fairbanks, Alaska Introduction Clouds have a large effect on the radiation field. Con- sequently, possible changes in cloud properties may have a very substantial impact on climate. Of all natural surfaces, seasonal snow cover has the highest surface

  13. Building Envelope Tech Team Kick-Off Meeting and Open House! | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Building Envelope Tech Team Kick-Off Meeting and Open House! Building Envelope Tech Team Kick-Off Meeting and Open House! November 9, 2016 3:00PM to 4:00PM EST During the meeting we will: Highlight online resources such as real-world demonstrations, case studies, specification documents, and installation guidance. Discuss pros and cons of new technology such as next-generation windows, dynamic controls, window shading, and sprayable air-sealing technologies. Register.

  14. High Performance House Showcased at Builders Show - News Releases | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    High Performance House Showcased at Builders Show January 20, 2004 Golden, Colo. - Homebuilders attending the 2004 International Builders' Show in Las Vegas can tour a new kind of home-a highly energy-efficient Zero Energy Home that will produce as much electricity as it uses over the course of a year. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) partnered with Pardee Homes and energy consultant ConSol to introduce the Zero Energy Home concept with this

  15. Conocimiento de Energía: Principios Esenciales y Conceptos Fundamentales para la Educación de Energía

    SciTech Connect

    2014-06-01

    This is the Spanish version of our Energy Literacy guidebook. Esta guía presenta conceptos de energía que, cuando se entienden y se aplican, ayudan a individuos y a comunidades a tomar decisiones sobre la energía con conocimiento de causa. No es un currículo sino que ofrece un marco sobre el cual puede basarse un plan de estudios. La guía se dirige a cualquier persona que participe en la educación de energía.

  16. Review of consolidated Edison`s integrated resource bidding program

    SciTech Connect

    Goldman, C.A.; Busch, J.F.; Kahn, E.P.; Baldick, R.; Milne, A.

    1993-07-01

    Competitive bidding has emerged as the dominant method for procuring new resources by US utilities. In New York, the Public Service Commission (NYPSC) ordered the state`s seven investor-owned utilities to develop bidding programs to acquire supply and DSM resource options. Utilities were allowed significant discretion in program design in order to encourage experimentation. Competitive bidding programs pose formidable policy, design, and management challenges for utilities and their regulators. Yet, there have been few detailed case studies of bidding programs, particularly of those utilities that take on the additional challenge of having supply and DSM resources compete head-to-head for a designated block of capacity. To address that need, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), the New York Department of Public Service, and the Department of Energy`s Integrated Resource Planning program asked Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) to review the bidding programs of two utilities that tested the integrated ``all-sources`` approach. This study focuses primarily on Consolidated Edison Company of New York`s (Con Edison) bidding program; an earlier report discusses our review of Niagara Mohawk`s program (Goldman et al 1992). We reviewed relevant Commission decisions, utility filings and signed contracts, interviewed utility and regulatory staff, surveyed DSM bidders and a selected sample of DSM non-bidders, and analyzed the bid evaluation system used in ranking bids based on detailed scoring information on individual bids provided by Con Edison.

  17. Understanding and controlling low-temperature aging of nanocrystalline materials.

    SciTech Connect

    Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Boyce, Brad Lee; Brons, Justin G.; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hattar, Khalid Mikhiel; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Padilla, Henry A.,; Sharon, John Anthony; Thompson, Gregory B.

    2013-10-01

    Nanocrystalline copper lms were created by both repetitive high-energy pulsed power, to produce material without internal nanotwins; and pulsed laser deposition, to produce nan- otwins. Samples of these lms were indented at ambient (298K) and cryogenic temperatures by immersion in liquid nitrogen (77K) and helium (4K). The indented samples were sectioned through the indented regions and imaged in a scanning electron microscope. Extensive grain growth was observed in the lms that contained nanotwins and were indented cryogenically. The lms that either lacked twins, or were indented under ambient conditions, were found to exhibit no substantial grain growth by visual inspection. Precession transmission elec- tron microscopy was used to con rm these ndings quantitatively, and show that 3 and 7 boundaries proliferate during grain growth, implying that these interface types play a key role in governing the extensive grain growth observed here. Molecular dynamics sim- ulations of the motion of individual grain boundaries demonstrate that speci c classes of boundaries - notably 3 and 7 - exhibit anti- or a-thermal migration, meaning that their mobilities either increase or do not change signi cantly with decreasing temperature. An in-situ cryogenic indentation capability was developed and implemented in a transmission electron microscope. Preliminary results do not show extensive cryogenic grain growth in indented copper lms. This discrepancy could arise from the signi cant di erences in con g- uration and loading of the specimen between the two approaches, and further research and development of this capability is needed.

  18. Pinch Me - I'm Fusing!

    SciTech Connect

    DERZON,MARK S.

    2000-07-19

    The process of combining nuclei (the protons and neutrons inside an atomic nucleus) together with a release of kinetic energy is called fusion. This process powers the Sun, it contributes to the world stockpile of weapons of mass destruction and may one day generate safe, clean electrical power. Understanding the intricacies of fusion power, promised for 50 years, ,is sometimes difficult because there are a number of ways of doing it. There is hot fusion, cold fusion and con-fusion. Hot fusion is what powers suns through the conversion of mass energy to kinetic energy. Cold fusion generates con-fusion and nobody really knows what it is. Honestly - this is true. There does seem to be something going on here; I just don't know what. Apparently some experimenters get energy out of a process many call cold fission but no one seems to know what it is, or how to do it reliably. It is not getting much attention from the mainline physics community. Even so, no one is generating electrical power for you and me with either method. In this article 1 will point out some basic features of the mainstream approaches taken to hot fusion power, as well as describe why z pinches are worth pursuing as a driver for a power reactor and may one day generate electrical power for mankind.

  19. Pinch me - I'm fusing! Fusion Power - what is it? What is a z pinch? And why are z-pinches a promising fusion power technology?

    SciTech Connect

    DERZON,MARK S.

    2000-03-01

    The process of combining nuclei (the protons and neutrons inside an atomic nucleus) together with a release of kinetic energy is called fusion. This process powers the Sun, it contributes to the world stockpile of weapons of mass destruction and may one day generate safe, clean electrical power. Understanding the intricacies of fusion power, promised for 50 years, is sometimes difficult because there are a number of ways of doing it. There is hot fusion, cold fusion and con-fusion. Hot fusion is what powers suns through the conversion of mass energy to kinetic energy. Cold fusion generates con-fusion and nobody really knows what it is. Even so, no one is generating electrical power for you and me with either method. In this article the author points out some basic features of the mainstream approaches taken to hot fusion power, as well as describe why z pinches are worth pursuing as a driver for a power reactor and how it may one day generate electrical power for mankind.

  20. PCLC flake-based apparatus and method

    DOEpatents

    Cox, Gerald P; Fromen, Cathy A; Marshall, Kenneth L; Jacobs, Stephen D

    2012-10-23

    A PCLC flake/fluid host suspension that enables dual-frequency, reverse drive reorientation and relaxation of the PCLC flakes is composed of a fluid host that is a mixture of: 94 to 99.5 wt % of a non-aqueous fluid medium having a dielectric constant value .di-elect cons., where 1<.di-elect cons.<7, a conductivity value .sigma., where 10.sup.-9>.sigma.>10.sup.-7 Siemens per meter (S/m), and a resistivity r, where 10.sup.7>r>10.sup.10 ohm-meters (.OMEGA.-m), and which is optically transparent in a selected wavelength range .DELTA..lamda.; 0.0025 to 0.25 wt % of an inorganic chloride salt; 0.0475 to 4.75 wt % water; and 0.25 to 2 wt % of an anionic surfactant; and 1 to 5 wt % of PCLC flakes suspended in the fluid host mixture. Various encapsulation forms and methods are disclosed including a Basic test cell, a Microwell, a Microcube, Direct encapsulation (I), Direct encapsulation (II), and Coacervation encapsulation. Applications to display devices are disclosed.

  1. Seguridad Laboral y Salud Cartel Español

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Departamento de Energía (DOE) de Seguridad en el Trabajo y el cartel de la Salud. Programa DOE Order 440.1B de Protección del Trabajador para DOE (Incluyendo la Administración Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear) Los empleados federales y el Título 10, Código de Regulaciones Federales (CFR), parte 851, Programa de Salud de los Trabajadores y la Seguridad, ambas requieren que un cartel de seguridad y salud de los trabajadores sea publicado en un lugar visible para informar a los empleados de sus derechos y responsabilidades. En el pasado, el DOE ha tenido dos de seguridad y salud del trabajador posters separadas: una para los empleados federales compatible con el orden 440.1B y una segunda para los empleados del contratista consistente con 10 CFR 851. Este cartel sirve como un único cartel DOE tanto Federal y el contratista empleados. El cartel incluye secciones sobre empleados y representantes de los trabajadores los derechos, las responsabilidades, y del Departamento de Energía y del Departamento de Energía de los contratistas empleados responsabilidades. También se incluye un espacio para que los funcionarios para identificar la seguridad y la salud representante local y dónde encontrar información acerca de

  2. Development of quality control procedures for mass produced and released Bactrocera Philippinensis (Diptera: Tephritidae) for sterile insect technique programs

    SciTech Connect

    Resilva, S.; Obra, G.; Zamora, N.; Gaitan, E.

    2007-03-15

    Quality control procedures for Bactrocera philippinensis Drew and Hancock 1994 (Diptera: Tephritidae) used in sterile insect technique (SIT) programs were established in the mass rearing facility at the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute. Basic studies on pupal irradiation, holding/packaging systems, shipping procedures, longevity, sterility studies, and pupal eye color determination in relation to physiological development at different temperature regimes were investigated. These studies will provide baseline data for the development of quality control protocols for an expansion of B. philippinensis field programs with an SIT component in the future. (author) [Spanish] Los procedimientos de control de calidad para Bactrocera philippinensis Drew y Hancock 1994 (Diptera: Tephritidae) usados en programas de la tecnica de insecto esteril (TIE) fueron establecidos en la facilidad de cria en masa del Instituto Filipino de Investigacion Nuclear. Estudios basicos sobre la irradiacion de las pupas, sistemas de almacenaje/empaque, procedimientos del envio, longevidad, estudios de esterilidad y la determinacion del color de ojo de la pupa en relacion con el desarrollo fisiologico en regimenes diferentes de temperatura fueron investigados. Estos estudios proveeran una linea de informacion basica para el desarrollo de protocolos de control de calidad para una expansion de los programas de campo para B. philippinensis con un componente de TIS en el futuro. (author)

  3. Establishment of Lipolexis oregmae (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) in a classical biological control program directed against the brown citrus aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Florida

    SciTech Connect

    Persad, A.B.; Hoy, M.A.; Ru Nguyen

    2007-03-15

    Guam, evaluado en cuarentena, criado en masa y liberado en huertos de citricos en un programa de control biologico clasico dirigido contra el afido pardo de citricos, Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy. Se hicieron liberaciones de 20,200, 12,100, y 1,260 adultos de L. oregmae a traves de la Florida durante los anos de 2000, 2001, y 2002, respectivamente. Para determinar si L. oregmae ha logrado en establecer, se realizaron sondeos a traves del estado empezando en el verano del 2001 y continuando hasta el final del verano del 2003. El parasitismo durante 2001 y 2002 fue evaluado con el mantenimiento de individuos del afido pardo de los citricos en el laboratorio hasta que los adultos emergieron. Lipolexis oregmae fue encontrado en 10 sitios en 7 condados y con tasas de parasitismo en 4 sitios en 3 condados entre 0.7 a 3.3% en el 2001 y 2002, respectivamente. Las pruebas del laboratorio indicaron que las tasas altas de mortalidad fueron posibles si los afidos con parasitos recolectados en el campo fueron mantenidos en bolsas plasticas, entonces un ensayo molecular fue usado con lo que permitio la deteccion de inmaduros de L. oregmae dentro de los hospederos de afidos inmediatamente despues de la recoleccion. El ensayo molecular fue usado en el 2003 con individuos del afido pardo de los citricos y con otras especies de afidos recolectados sobre citricos, malezas y hortalizas cerca de los sitios donde los parasitoides fueron liberados anteriormente; inmaduros de L. oregmae fueron detectados en individuos del afido negro de los citricos, el afido del caupi, el afido spirea y el afido del melon, ademas del afido pardo de los citricos en 4 de los 8 condados muestreados, con la tasa del parasitismo entre 2.0 a12.9%, indicando que L. oregmae estaba estabecido y ampliamente distribuido. Las muestras tomadas en el Condado de Polk durante octobre del 2005 indicaron que L. oregmae ha persistido. La capacidad de L. oregmae para parasitar otras especies de afidos sobre citricos y otros

  4. OpenCV and TYZX : video surveillance for tracking.

    SciTech Connect

    He, Jim; Spencer, Andrew; Chu, Eric

    2008-08-01

    As part of the National Security Engineering Institute (NSEI) project, several sensors were developed in conjunction with an assessment algorithm. A camera system was developed in-house to track the locations of personnel within a secure room. In addition, a commercial, off-the-shelf (COTS) tracking system developed by TYZX was examined. TYZX is a Bay Area start-up that has developed its own tracking hardware and software which we use as COTS support for robust tracking. This report discusses the pros and cons of each camera system, how they work, a proposed data fusion method, and some visual results. Distributed, embedded image processing solutions show the most promise in their ability to track multiple targets in complex environments and in real-time. Future work on the camera system may include three-dimensional volumetric tracking by using multiple simple cameras, Kalman or particle filtering, automated camera calibration and registration, and gesture or path recognition.

  5. NOT SPEC

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    SPEC IFIED /OTHER AMENOMENT OF SOlICITATION!MOOIF1CATION OF CON TRACT I' CO NTRAC T 1 0 CODE ) I'A:E 0 1 PAGES 3 2 AMEIlOT.lE I/lIM OOIFICATIOII '" J EFFECTIVEOATE 4 REOUISITIOtl:PJRCHASE REO "0 15 PROJECT 110 I" .pp/lc.~~) lOJ , .. Block 16C 10SCOO0537 G ISSUED BY CODE 00518 1 AO MI MSTE RED BY !lf OlhO! /Nan II"'" 6) COOE 00518 Oak Ridge Oak Ridge U.S. Department of Energy U. S . Department of Energy P.O . Box 2001 P.O. Box 2001 Oak Ridge TN 37831 Oak Ridge TN 378 31 H

  6. Comparison of soft computing techniques for a three-phase oil field centrifuge.

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, R. E.; Parkinson, w; Miller, N.

    2002-01-01

    In this work we compare fuzzy techniques to neural network techniques for building a soft sensor for a three-phase oil field centrifuge. The soft sensor is used in a feed-forward control system that augments a feedback control system. Two approaches were used to develop the soft sensor. The first approach was to use a fuzzy rule based system based upon the experience of an expert operator. The expert operator's experience was supplemented using a computer model of the system. The second approach was to use a neural network to build the inverse of the computer model. The pros and cons of both techniques are discussed. KEYWORDS: fuzzy logic, neural networks, soft sensor, soft computing

  7. Ecology problems associated with geothermal development in California

    SciTech Connect

    Shinn, J.H.; Ireland, R.R.

    1980-08-04

    Geothermal power plants have the potential for supplying about 5% of the US electrical generating needs by 1985, and are even now supplying about one third of San Francisco's electricity. Investigations have shown that the typical geothermal field, such as the hot water resource of Imperial Valley, can be developed in an environmentally sound manner when proper considerations are made for ecosystem problems. Experimental evidence is presented pro and con for potential impacts due to habitat disturbance, powerline corridors, noise effects, trace element emissions from cooling towers, accidental brine discharges into aquatic or soil systems, competition for water and H/sub 2/S effects on vegetation. A mitigation and control strategy is recommended for each ecological issue and it is shown where effects are likely to be irreversible.

  8. Centrifuge Techniques and Apparatus for Transport Experiments in Porous Media

    SciTech Connect

    Earl D. Mattson; Carl D. Paler; Robert W. Smith; Markus Flury

    2010-06-01

    This paper describes experimental approaches and apparatus that we have developed to study solute and colloid transport in porous media using Idaho National Laboratory's 2-m radius centrifuge. The ex-perimental techniques include water flux scaling with applied acceleration at the top of the column and sub-atmospheric pressure control at the column base, automation of data collection, and remote experimental con-trol over the internet. These apparatus include a constant displacement piston pump, a custom designed liquid fraction collector based on switching valve technology, and modified moisture monitoring equipment. Suc-cessful development of these experimental techniques and equipment is illustrated through application to transport of a conservative tracer through unsaturated sand column, with centrifugal acceleration up to 40 gs. Development of such experimental equipment that can withstand high accelerations enhances the centrifuge technique to conduct highly controlled unsaturated solute/colloid transport experiments and allows in-flight liquid sample collection of the effluent.

  9. Increased photocatalytic activity of TiO2 mesoporous microspheres from codoping with transition metals and nitrogen

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Mathis, John E.; Lieffers, Justin J.; Mitra, Chandrima; Reboredo, Fernando A.; Bi, Z.; Bridges, Craig A.; Kidder, Michelle K.; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans

    2015-11-06

    The composition of anatase TiO2 was modified by codoping using combinations of a transition metal and nitrogen in order to increase its photocatalytic activity and extend it performance in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The transition metals (Mn, Co, Ni, Cu) were added during the hydrothermal preparation of mesoporous TiO2 particles, and the nitrogen was introduced by post-annealing in flowing ammonia gas at high temperature. The samples were analyzed by SEM, XRD, BET, inductively-coupled plasma spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance UV-vis spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activity was assessed by observing the change in methylene blue concentrations under both UV-vis andmore » visible-only light irradiation. As a result, the photocatalytic activity of the (Mn,N), (Co,N), (Cu,N), and Ni,N) codoped TiO2 was significantly enhanced relative to (N) TiO2.« less

  10. Conference B.Bettelheim

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Le Dr.Bruno Bettelheim, psychologue américain, d'origine viennoise, a passé son doctorat en psychologie à l'université de Vienne. Il émigra aux Etats-Unis et enseigna la psychologie au Rockford College en Illinois et la psychologie de l'éducation à L'université de Chicago, où il dirigea également l'institut orthogénique Sonia-Shankman pour le traitement des enfants psychotiques. Cet homme a bouleversé la compréhension des relations parents et enfants en y introduisant la psychanalyse. Basé sur ses expériences aux Etats-Unis,il nous parle des changements dans la structure de la famille et ses conséquences pour la relation entre enfants et parents.

  11. nemsoverview_928.vp

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    581(2009) The Na tional En ergy Mod el ing Sys tem: An Over view 2009 October 2009 En ergy In for ma tion Ad min is tra tion Of fice of In te grated Anal y sis and Fore cast ing U.S. De part ment of En ergy Wash ing ton, DC 20585 This re port was pre pared by the En ergy In for ma tion Ad min is tra tion, the in de pend ent sta tis ti cal and an a lyt i cal agency within the U.S. De part ment of En ergy. The in for ma tion con tained herein should be at trib uted to the En ergy In for ma tion Ad

  12. Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect

    Kaufmann, John R.; Hand, James R.; Halverson, Mark A.

    2011-07-01

    This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where we’re going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and (3) to help foster alignment among energy code-development organizations. The authors researched current approaches nationally and internationally, conducted a survey of key stakeholders to solicit input on various approaches, and evaluated the key issues related to integration of renewable energy requirements and various options to address those issues. The report concludes with recommendations and a plan to engage stakeholders. This report does not evaluate whether the use of renewable energy should be required on buildings; that question involves a political decision that is beyond the scope of this report.

  13. IG SAR 5-09.qxd

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    11585 A p r i l 3 0 , 2009 'I'ile j-j.i?jlorable Dr. S teverr C'~ILI Secretary of X!nergy Washingtont r 9 1 . 1 20585 1 aul pleased to s ~ & j ~ > i ; tilt: C)ffice of Inspector (;eilc.:-al's (OIC:;) Sl:ni,;i:ifi~?.~csI Kc,nar.l lo <;'o.ilg,~~,~..o. T):is report saln3nl;xr:ixes sjgllifi.carlt (>IG acfivi%i;:s and ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~L"~II.s during the .c;i>; non nth peri.od er~tjing Mardl 3 1 , 2009. This repn1-t reflc6;ts our con%in.liirrg cornmiirnerlt t.0 f i 3 ~ 1 . i ~

  14. Data co-processing for extreme scale analysis level II ASC milestone (4745).

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, David; Moreland, Kenneth D.; Oldfield, Ron A.; Fabian, Nathan D.

    2013-03-01

    Exascale supercomputing will embody many revolutionary changes in the hardware and software of high-performance computing. A particularly pressing issue is gaining insight into the science behind the exascale computations. Power and I/O speed con- straints will fundamentally change current visualization and analysis work ows. A traditional post-processing work ow involves storing simulation results to disk and later retrieving them for visualization and data analysis. However, at exascale, scien- tists and analysts will need a range of options for moving data to persistent storage, as the current o ine or post-processing pipelines will not be able to capture the data necessary for data analysis of these extreme scale simulations. This Milestone explores two alternate work ows, characterized as in situ and in transit, and compares them. We nd each to have its own merits and faults, and we provide information to help pick the best option for a particular use.

  15. Inertial-confinement fusion with lasers

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Betti, R.; Hurricane, O. A.

    2016-05-03

    The quest for controlled fusion energy has been ongoing for over a half century. The demonstration of ignition and energy gain from thermonuclear fuels in the laboratory has been a major goal of fusion research for decades. Thermonuclear ignition is widely considered a milestone in the development of fusion energy, as well as a major scientific achievement with important applications to national security and basic sciences. The U.S. is arguably the world leader in the inertial con fment approach to fusion and has invested in large facilities to pursue it with the objective of establishing the science related to themore » safety and reliability of the stockpile of nuclear weapons. Even though significant progress has been made in recent years, major challenges still remain in the quest for thermonuclear ignition via laser fusion.« less

  16. Evaluation of Neutron Elastic Scatter (NES) technique for detection of graphitic corrosion in gas cast iron pipe. Final report, March 1996-April 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Charatis, G.; Hugg, E.; McEllistrem, M.

    1997-04-01

    PENETRON, Inc., in two phases, demonstrated the effectiveness of its Neutron elastic Scatter (NES) techniques in detecting the change in the carbon weight percentage (CWt%) as a measure of corrosion in gray cast iron pipe. In Phase I, experiments were performed with synthetic standards supplied by IIT Research Institute (IITRI) to test the applicability of the NES techniques. Irradiation experiments performed at the University of Kentucky showed that CWt% could be detected, ranging from 1.6% to 13%, within an uncertainty of around 4%. In Phase II, experiments were performed on seven (7) corroded pipe sections supplied by MichCon. Tests were made on pipe sliced lengthwise into quarter sections, and in re-assembled whole pipe sections. X-ray films of the quarter sections indicated probable areas of corrosion for each quarter section.

  17. Vectorized garbage collection

    SciTech Connect

    Appel, A.W.; Bendiksen, A.

    1988-01-01

    Garbage collection can be done in vector mode on supercomputers like the Cray-2 and the Cyber 205. Both copying collection and mark-and-sweep can be expressed as breadth-first searches in which the queue can be processed in parallel. The authors have designed a copying garbage collector whose inner loop works entirely in vector mode. The only significant limitation of the algorithm is that if the size of the records is not constant, the implementation becomes much more complicated. The authors give performance measurements of the algorithm as implemented for Lisp CONS cells on the Cyber 205. Vector-mode garbage collection performs up to 9 times faster than scalar-mode collection.

  18. Emulation to simulate low resolution atmospheric data

    SciTech Connect

    Hebbur Venkata Subba Rao, Vishwas [ORNL; Archibald, Richard K [ORNL; Evans, Katherine J [ORNL

    2012-08-01

    Climate simulations require significant compute power, they are complex and therefore it is time consuming to simulate them. We have developed an emulator to simulate unknown climate datasets. The emulator uses stochastic collocation and multi-dimensional in- terpolation to simulate the datasets. We have used the emulator to determine various physical quantities such as temperature, short and long wave cloud forcing, zonal winds etc. The emulation gives results which are very close to those obtained by simulations. The emulator was tested on 2 degree atmospheric datasets. The work evaluates the pros and cons of evaluating the mean first and inter- polating and vice versa. To determine the physical quantities, we have assumed them to be a function of time, longitude, latitude and a random parameter. We have looked at parameters that govern high stable clouds, low stable clouds, timescale for convection etc. The emulator is especially useful as it requires negligible compute times when compared to the simulation itself.

  19. Running Jobs Scott French" NERSC User Services Group" New User Training"

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    August 13, 2015 Jobs at NERSC * Most a re p arallel j obs ( 10s t o 1 00,000+ c ores) * Produc7on r uns e xecute i n b atch m ode * Interac7ve a nd d ebug j obs a re s upported f or u p t o 3 0 minutes * Typically r un 7 mes a re a f ew t o 1 0s o f h ours. - Each m achine h as d ifferent l imits. - Limits a re n ecessary b ecause o f M TBF a nd t he n eed t o accommodate 5 ,500 u sers' j obs * Also a n umber o f " serial" j obs - Typically " pleasantly p arallel" s imulaCon

  20. Full-wave Simulations of ICRF Heating in Toroidal Plasma with Non-Maxwellian Distribution Functions in the FLR Limit

    SciTech Connect

    E.J. Valeo, C.K. Phillips, H. Okuda, J.C. Wright, P.T. Bonoli, L.A. Berry, and the RF SciDAC Team

    2007-07-18

    At the power levels required for signicant heating and current drive in magnetically-con ned toroidal plasma, modi cation of the particle distribution function from a Maxwellian shape is likely [T.H. Stix, Nucl. Fusion, 15:737 1975], with consequent changes in wave propagation and in the location and amount of absorption. In order to study these e ects computationally, the nite-Larmor-radius, full-wave, hot-plasma toroidal simulation code, TORIC [M. Brambilla. Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion, 41:1, 1999], has been extended to allow the prescription of arbitrary velocity distributions of the form (?||, ??, ?, ?). For H minority heating of a D-H plasma with anisotropic Maxwellian H distributions, the fractional H absorption varies signi cantly with changes in parallel temperature but is essentially independent of perpendicular temperature.

  1. Energy and jobs: employment implications of alternate energy development and conservation strategies in the Northeast

    SciTech Connect

    Scales, J.K.; Popkin, J.M.

    1983-01-01

    A major factor determining the Northeast's economic revitalization will be a stable supply and a resonable price of energy for the region's residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. As this report explains, the underemployment of human, natural, and capital resources is closely related to the composition of the region's energy base. Chapter I identifies the relationship between energy dependency and economic growth. The potential for development of alternative energies and their employment are set forth in Chapter II. Chapter III recommends state and regional policy options to promote alternative energy development and conservation, and describes initiatives already underway. Chapter IV discusses the implementation of these policies as they relate to specific energy sources, as well as possible legislation, institutional, and financial impediments. Chapter V looks to the future impacts and benefits of state-energy-policy efforts. Two appendices present the pros and cons of alternate energy sources and existing tax incentives by state. 36 references, 1 figure, 6 tables.

  2. Model Identification for Optimal Diesel Emissions Control

    SciTech Connect

    Stevens, Andrew J.; Sun, Yannan; Song, Xiaobo; Parker, Gordon

    2013-06-20

    In this paper we develop a model based con- troller for diesel emission reduction using system identification methods. Specifically, our method minimizes the downstream readings from a production NOx sensor while injecting a minimal amount of urea upstream. Based on the linear quadratic estimator we derive the closed form solution to a cost function that accounts for the case some of the system inputs are not controllable. Our cost function can also be tuned to trade-off between input usage and output optimization. Our approach performs better than a production controller in simulation. Our NOx conversion efficiency was 92.7% while the production controller achieved 92.4%. For NH3 conversion, our efficiency was 98.7% compared to 88.5% for the production controller.

  3. Description of heat flux measurement methods used in hydrocarbon and propellant fuel fires at Sandia.

    SciTech Connect

    Nakos, James Thomas

    2010-12-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe the methods commonly used to measure heat flux in fire applications at Sandia National Laboratories in both hydrocarbon (JP-8 jet fuel, diesel fuel, etc.) and propellant fires. Because these environments are very severe, many commercially available heat flux gauges do not survive the test, so alternative methods had to be developed. Specially built sensors include 'calorimeters' that use a temperature measurement to infer heat flux by use of a model (heat balance on the sensing surface) or by using an inverse heat conduction method. These specialty-built sensors are made rugged so they will survive the environment, so are not optimally designed for ease of use or accuracy. Other methods include radiometers, co-axial thermocouples, directional flame thermometers (DFTs), Sandia 'heat flux gauges', transpiration radiometers, and transverse Seebeck coefficient heat flux gauges. Typical applications are described and pros and cons of each method are listed.

  4. Observation of the dynamics leading to a conical intersection in dissociative electron attachment to water

    SciTech Connect

    Haxton, Dan; Adaniya, Hidihito; Slaughter, Dan; Rudek, B.; Osipov, Timur; Weber, Thorsten; Rescigno, Tom; McCurdy, Bill; Belkacem, Ali

    2011-06-08

    Following prior work on the lower-energy resonances, we apply techniques of momentum imaging and ab initio scattering calculations to the process of dissociative electron attachment to water via the highest-energy {sup 2}B{sub 2} resonance. We focus on the H{sup -} anion fragment, which is produced via dynamics passing through and avoiding the conical intersection with the lower A{sub 1} state, leading to OH ((sup 2}{Pi}#5;) and OH ({sup 2}{Sigma}#6;), respectively. The momentum imaging technique, when combined with theoretical calculations on the attachment amplitude and dissociation dynamics, demonstrates that the angular distributions provide a signature of the location of the conical intersection in the space of nuclear con#12;gurations.

  5. Hartmann-Shack wave front measurements for real time determination of laser beam propagation parameters

    SciTech Connect

    Schaefer, B.; Luebbecke, M.; Mann, K.

    2006-05-15

    The suitability of the Hartmann-Shack technique for the determination of the propagation parameters of a laser beam is faced against the well known caustic approach according to the ISO 11146 standard. A He-Ne laser (543 nm) was chosen as test beam, both in its fundamental mode as well as after intentional distortion, introducing a moderate amount of spherical aberration. Results are given for the most important beam parameters M{sup 2}, divergence, and beam widths, indicating an agreement of better than 10% and for adapted beam diameter <5%. Furthermore, the theoretical background, pros and cons, as well as some features of the software implementation for the Hartmann-Shack sensor are briefly reviewed.

  6. Influence of time-dependent factors in the evaluation of critical infrastructure protection measures.

    SciTech Connect

    Buehring, W. A.; Samsa, M. E.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-03-28

    The examination of which protective measures are the most appropriate to be implemented in order to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from attacks on critical infrastructures and key resources typically involves a comparison of the consequences that could occur when the protective measure is implemented to those that could occur when it is not. This report describes a framework for evaluation that provides some additional capabilities for comparing optional protective measures. It illustrates some potentially important time-dependent factors, such as the implementation rate, that affect the relative pros and cons associated with widespread implementation of protective measures. It presents example results from the use of protective measures, such as detectors and pretrained responders, for an illustrative biological incident. Results show that the choice of an alternative measure can depend on whether or not policy and financial support can be maintained for extended periods of time. Choice of a time horizon greatly influences the comparison of alternatives.

  7. Research Toward Zero Energy Homes

    SciTech Connect

    Robert Hammon

    2010-12-31

    This final report was compiled from the detailed annual reports that were submitted for efforts in 2008 and 2009, and from individual task reports from 2010. Reports, case studies, and presentations derived from this work are available through the Building America website. The BIRA team is led by ConSol, a leading provider of energy solutions for builders since 1983. In partnership with over fifty builders, developers, architects, manufactures, researchers, utilities, and agencies, research work was performed in California, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Washington, Oregon, and Hawaii and five (5) climate regions (Hot-Dry, Marine, Hot-Humid, Cold, and Hot/Mixed Dry). In addition to research work, the team provided technical assistance to our partners whose interests span the entire building process. During the three year budget period, the BIRA team performed analyses of several emerging technologies, prototype homes, and high performance communities through detailed computer simulations and extensive field monitoring to meet the required climate joule milestone targets.

  8. Virtual real-time inspection of nuclear material via VRML and secure web pages

    SciTech Connect

    Nilsen, C.; Jortner, J.; Damico, J.; Friesen, J.; Schwegel, J.

    1997-04-01

    Sandia National Laboratories` Straight Line project is working to provide the right sensor information to the right user to enhance the safety, security, and international accountability of nuclear material. One of Straight Line`s efforts is to create a system to securely disseminate this data on the Internet`s World-Wide-Web. To make the user interface more intuitive, Sandia has generated a three dimensional VRML (virtual reality modeling language) interface for a secure web page. This paper will discuss the implementation of the Straight Line secure 3-D web page. A discussion of the ``pros and cons`` of a 3-D web page is also presented. The public VRML demonstration described in this paper can be found on the Internet at the following address: http://www.ca.sandia.gov/NMM/. A Netscape browser, version 3 is strongly recommended.

  9. Alternative fuels: Promise or Problem

    SciTech Connect

    Moyad, A. )

    1989-11-01

    The Bush administration's proposals to revamp the Clean Air Act received mixed reviews. The alternative fuels proposal in the administration's bill, if passed, would mandate the sale of so-called clean-fueled vehicles (CFVs) in the nine worst ozone non-attainment areas in the country. In areas failing to plan for reductions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and toxic air chemicals equivalent to those outlined in the Bush proposal, a total of 500,000 CFVs would have to be sold in 1995, 750,000 in 1996, and 1,000,000 each year from 1997-2004. What is unclear, however, is who will manufacture, sell, or purchase these vehicles. The paper discusses the pros and cons of ethanol, methanol, and compressed natural gas (CNG), the major alternative fuels being considered as supplements or replacements for gasoline.

  10. Interconnecting PV on New York City's Secondary Network Distribution System

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, K; Coddington, M; Burman, K; Hayter, S; Kroposki, B; Watson, and A

    2009-11-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has teamed with cities across the country through the Solar America Cities (SAC) partnership program to help reduce barriers and accelerate implementation of solar energy. The New York City SAC team is a partnership between the City University of New York (CUNY), the New York City Mayor s Office of Long-term Planning and Sustainability, and the New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC).The New York City SAC team is working with DOE s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Con Edison, the local utility, to develop a roadmap for photovoltaic (PV) installations in the five boroughs. The city set a goal to increase its installed PV capacity from1.1 MW in 2005 to 8.1 MW by 2015 (the maximum allowed in 2005). A key barrier to reaching this goal, however, is the complexity of the interconnection process with the local utility. Unique challenges are associated with connecting distributed PV systems to secondary network distribution systems (simplified to networks in this report). Although most areas of the country use simpler radial distribution systems to distribute electricity, larger metropolitan areas like New York City typically use networks to increase reliability in large load centers. Unlike the radial distribution system, where each customer receives power through a single line, a network uses a grid of interconnected lines to deliver power to each customer through several parallel circuits and sources. This redundancy improves reliability, but it also requires more complicated coordination and protection schemes that can be disrupted by energy exported from distributed PV systems. Currently, Con Edison studies each potential PV system in New York City to evaluate the system s impact on the network, but this is time consuming for utility engineers and may delay the customer s project or add cost for larger installations. City leaders would like to streamline this process to facilitate faster, simpler, and

  11. Evaluating System Parameters on a Dragonfly using Simulation and Visualization

    SciTech Connect

    Bhatele, Abhinav; Jain, Nikhil; Livnat, Yarden; Pascucci, Valerio; Bremer, Peer-Timo

    2015-04-24

    The dragon y topology is becoming a popular choice for build- ing high-radix, low-diameter networks with high-bandwidth links. Even with a powerful network, preliminary experi- ments on Edison at NERSC have shown that for communica- tion heavy applications, job interference and thus presumably job placement remains an important factor. In this paper, we explore the e ects of job placement, job sizes, parallel workloads and network con gurations on network through- put to better understand inter-job interference. We use a simulation tool called Damsel y to model the network be- havior of Edison and study the impact of various system parameters on network throughput. Parallel workloads based on ve representative communication patters are used and the simulation studies on up to 131,072 cores are aided by a new visualization of the dragon y network.

  12. GridAgents DER Testing: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-265

    SciTech Connect

    Harrison, K.

    2012-04-01

    The project objectives are to perform research, development, and pilot-scale testing of advanced, next-generation distribution operational strategies using ConEdison's 3G: Distribution System of the Future and associated infrastructure for the real-world Test Bed (demonstration network) combined with the Infotility GridAgents: Secure Agent Framework for Energy as the software platform for advanced operational strategies development. The objective is to accelerate high-payoff technologies that, because of their risk, are unlikely to be developed in a timely manner without a partnership between industry and the Federal government. NREL will be responsible for the evaluation of equipment design and control methods for DER integration and testing of prototype DER technologies and control equipment at the NREL test facility.

  13. Recommendations for a Department of Energy Nuclear Energy R and D Agenda Volume 2 Appendices

    SciTech Connect

    1997-12-01

    The current US nuclear energy policy is primarily formulated as part of the nation`s overall energy policy. In addition, nuclear energy policy is impacted by other US policies, such as those for defense and environment, and by international obligations through their effects on nuclear weapons dismantlement and stewardship, continued reliance on space and naval nuclear power sources, defense waste cleanup, and on nuclear nonproliferation. This volume is composed of the following appendices: Appendix 1--Objectives of the Federal Government Nuclear Energy Related Policies and Research and Development Programs; Appendix 2--Nuclear Energy and Related R and D in the US; Appendix 3--Summary of Issues That Drive Nuclear Energy Research and Development; Appendix 4: Options for Policy and Research and Development; Appendix 5--Pros and Cons of Objectives and Options; and Appendices 6--Recommendations.

  14. Issues facing the future use of Alaskan NorthSlope natural gas

    SciTech Connect

    Bowsher, C.A.

    1983-05-12

    The North Slope of Alaska contains over 26 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. In 1977, the President and the Congress approved construction of a 4800-mile gas pipeline to bring this gas to US consumers by 1983. However, completion of the project is not now expected until late 1989 at the earliest. This report examines the status and outlook for the Alaskan gas pipeline (the Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System). It also evaluates the pros and cons of (1) alternative systems to deliver this gas to market, including a gas pipeline with Alaska for export of liquefied natural gas; (2) processing the gas in Alaska by converting it to methanol and petrochemicals for export; and (3) using the gas within Alaska.

  15. Incremental cost pricing of transmission services. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-12-01

    This report, prepared by ICF Resources, under a sub-contract with IT Corporation, is concerned chiefly with examining the economic concepts underlying an Incremental Cost Pricing Framework (ICPF), which is defined here as a pricing regime that takes into account several factors: economic efficiency in terms of sending the correct long-term price signals to both users and owners of transmission assets; pricing of individual services in relationship to cost causation; full recovery of costs associated with transmission service; and applicability to real-world power systems without extraordinary administrative burdens. In the course of this examination, the report makes assumptions, as necessary, and assesses the extent to which they may or may not comport with real-world conditions. It also assesses the pros and cons of different approaches to pricing various components of transmission service without making a recommendation as to the superiority of one approach over another from a public policy perspective.

  16. Deepwater seismic acquisition technology

    SciTech Connect

    Caldwell, J.

    1996-09-01

    Although truly new technology is not required for successful acquisition of seismic data in deep Gulf of Mexico waters, it is helpful to review some basic aspects of these seismic surveys. Additionally, such surveys are likely to see early use of some emerging new technology which can improve data quality. Because such items as depth imaging, borehole seismic, 4-D and marine 3-component recording were mentioned in the May 1996 issue of World Oil, they are not discussed again here. However, these technologies will also play some role in the deepwater seismic activities. What is covered in this paper are some new considerations for: (1) longer data records needed in deeper water, (2) some pros and cons of very long steamer use, and (3) two new commercial systems for quantifying data quality.

  17. Increased photocatalytic activity of TiO2 mesoporous microspheres from codoping with transition metals and nitrogen

    SciTech Connect

    Mathis, John E.; Lieffers, Justin J.; Mitra, Chandrima; Reboredo, Fernando A.; Bi, Z.; Bridges, Craig A.; Kidder, Michelle K.; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans

    2015-11-06

    The composition of anatase TiO2 was modified by codoping using combinations of a transition metal and nitrogen in order to increase its photocatalytic activity and extend it performance in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The transition metals (Mn, Co, Ni, Cu) were added during the hydrothermal preparation of mesoporous TiO2 particles, and the nitrogen was introduced by post-annealing in flowing ammonia gas at high temperature. The samples were analyzed by SEM, XRD, BET, inductively-coupled plasma spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance UV-vis spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activity was assessed by observing the change in methylene blue concentrations under both UV-vis and visible-only light irradiation. As a result, the photocatalytic activity of the (Mn,N), (Co,N), (Cu,N), and Ni,N) codoped TiO2 was significantly enhanced relative to (N) TiO2.

  18. Parallel architecture for real-time simulation. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Cockrell, C.D.

    1989-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the development of a very fast and highly efficient parallel computer architecture for real-time simulation of continuous systems. Currently, several parallel processing systems exist that may be capable of executing a complex simulation in real-time. These systems are examined and the pros and cons of each system discussed. The thesis then introduced a custom-designed parallel architecture based upon The University of Alabama's OPERA architecture. Each component of this system is discussed and rationale presented for its selection. The problem selected, real-time simulation of the Space Shuttle Main Engine for the test and evaluation of the proposed architecture, is explored, identifying the areas where parallelism can be exploited and parallel processing applied. Results from the test and evaluation phase are presented and compared with the results of the same problem that has been processed on a uniprocessor system.

  19. Adapting Human Reliability Analysis from Nuclear Power to Oil and Gas Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Boring, Ronald Laurids

    2015-09-01

    ABSTRACT: Human reliability analysis (HRA), as currently used in risk assessments, largely derives its methods and guidance from application in the nuclear energy domain. While there are many similarities be-tween nuclear energy and other safety critical domains such as oil and gas, there remain clear differences. This paper provides an overview of HRA state of the practice in nuclear energy and then describes areas where refinements to the methods may be necessary to capture the operational context of oil and gas. Many key distinctions important to nuclear energy HRA such as Level 1 vs. Level 2 analysis may prove insignifi-cant for oil and gas applications. On the other hand, existing HRA methods may not be sensitive enough to factors like the extensive use of digital controls in oil and gas. This paper provides an overview of these con-siderations to assist in the adaptation of existing nuclear-centered HRA methods to the petroleum sector.

  20. Active DOE Completed Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Completed) Project Number Title Document ID SLM / ORG Author / Phone / Email Status / Review Date P1137-2007REV Fire ProtecƟon Engineering FAQS DOE-STD-1137-2014 Karen Boardman (NNSA) P1181-2004REV Facility Maintenance Management DOE-STD-1181-2014 Karen Boardman FuncƟon Area QualiĮcaƟon Standard (HS-70) P1182-2004REV Civil Structural Engineering, FuncƟonal DOE-STD-1182-2014 Karen Boardman Area QualiĮcaƟon Standard (AU-70) P2013-03 ProtecƟve Force ConƟngency Planning DOE-HDBK-1213-2014

  1. The Structure of Jets at Hadron Colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Larkoski, Andrew James

    2012-08-01

    Particle physics seeks to understand the interactions and properties of the fundamental particles. To gain understanding, there is an interplay between theory and experiment. Models are proposed to explain how particles behave and interact. These models make precise predictions that can be tested. Experiments are built and executed to measure the properties of these particles, providing necessary tests for the theories that attempt to explain the realm of fundamental particles. However, there is also another level of interaction between theory and experiment; the development of new experiments demands the study of how particles will behave with respect to the measured observables toward the goal of understanding the details and idiosyncrasies of the measurements very well. Only once these are well-modeled and understood can one be con dent that the data that are measured is trustworthy. The modeling and interpretation of the physics of a proton collider, such as the LHC, is the main topic of this thesis.

  2. Roadmap for Peridynamic Software Implementation

    SciTech Connect

    Littlewood, David John

    2015-10-01

    The application of peridynamics for engineering analysis requires an efficient and robust software implementation. Key elements include processing of the discretization, the proximity search for identification of pairwise interactions, evaluation of the con- stitutive model, application of a bond-damage law, and contact modeling. Additional requirements may arise from the choice of time integration scheme, for example esti- mation of the maximum stable time step for explicit schemes, and construction of the tangent stiffness matrix for many implicit approaches. This report summaries progress to date on the software implementation of the peridynamic theory of solid mechanics. Discussion is focused on parallel implementation of the meshfree discretization scheme of Silling and Askari [33] in three dimensions, although much of the discussion applies to computational peridynamics in general.

  3. Testing of 3-meter Prototype Fault Current Limiting Cables

    SciTech Connect

    Gouge, Michael J; Duckworth, Robert C; Demko, Jonathan A; Rey, Christopher M; Thompson, James R; Lindsay, David T; Tolbert, Jerry Carlton; Willen, Dag; Lentge, Heidi; Thidemann, Carsten; Carter, Bill

    2009-01-01

    Two 3-m long, single-phase cables have been fabricated by Ultera from second generation (2G) superconductor supplied by American Superconductor. The first cable was made with two layers of 2G tape conductor and had a critical current of 5,750 A while the second cable had four layers and a critical current of 8,500 A. AC loss was measured for both cables at ac currents of up to 4 kArms. Ultera performed initial fault current studies of both cables in Denmark with limited currents in the range from 9.1 to 44 kA. Results from these tests will provide a basis for a 25-m long, three-phase, prototype cable to be tested at ORNL early next year and a 300-m long, fault current limiting, superconducting cable to be installed in a ConEd substation in New York City.

  4. 102940_EEREcoloringbook_spanish.indd

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    folleto para colorear ENERGÍA HIDRÁULICA ENERGÍA SOLAR TU CASA ENERGÍA GEOTÉRMICA BIOENERGÍA ENERGÍA EÓLICA ¡Forma parte de la nueva generación en energía limpia! ponte en onda Energía limpia puede venir del sol. 2 Energía en el viento puede producir electricidad. Nosotros podemos crear energía con el movimiento del agua. Bioenergía viene de plantas que podemos convertir a combustibles. Leña Trocitos de madera Paja Maíz Pastos Altos Podemos usar energía de la tierra para

  5. Visualization drivers for Geant4

    SciTech Connect

    Beretvas, Andy; /Fermilab

    2005-10-01

    This document is on Geant4 visualization tools (drivers), evaluating pros and cons of each option, including recommendations on which tools to support at Fermilab for different applications. Four visualization drivers are evaluated. They are OpenGL, HepRep, DAWN and VRML. They all have good features, OpenGL provides graphic output without an intermediate file. HepRep provides menus to assist the user. DAWN provides high quality plots and even for large files produces output quickly. VRML uses the smallest disk space for intermediate files. Large experiments at Fermilab will want to write their own display. They should proceed to make this display graphics independent. Medium experiment will probably want to use HepRep because of it's menu support. Smaller scale experiments will want to use OpenGL in the spirit of having immediate response, good quality output and keeping things simple.

  6. Structures with negative index of refraction

    DOEpatents

    Soukoulis, Costas M.; Zhou, Jiangfeng; Koschny, Thomas; Zhang, Lei; Tuttle, Gary

    2011-11-08

    The invention provides simplified negative index materials (NIMs) using wire-pair structures, 4-gap single ring split-ring resonator (SRR), fishnet structures and overleaf capacitor SRR. In the wire-pair arrangement, a pair of short parallel wires and continuous wires are used. In the 4-gap single-ring SRR, the SRRs are centered on the faces of a cubic unit cell combined with a continuous wire type resonator. Combining both elements creates a frequency band where the metamaterial is transparent with simultaneously negative .di-elect cons. and .mu.. In the fishnet structure, a metallic mesh on both sides of the dielectric spacer is used. The overleaf capacitor SRR changes the gap capacities to small plate capacitors by making the sections of the SRR ring overlap at the gaps separated by a thin dielectric film. This technique is applicable to conventional SRR gaps but it best deploys for the 4-gap single-ring structures.

  7. Specialized Applications

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Overview * Analyzer I nstrument a t p oint o f u se - Con7nuous W ave C avity R ing---Down S pectroscopy ( CW C RDS) --- u p to four contaminants with one device - Field a nd l ab m easurement t echniques * Gather s ample i n fi eld a t p oint p f u se f or i n---lab a nalysis - Concentrate c ontaminants t o i ncrease a nalyzer s ensi7vity - Collect c oncentrated s amples f or l ab a nalysis * HEMS - A nalyzer I nstrument a t p oint o f u se - Describe h ow P d---alloy m icrochannel m embrane w

  8. ners-cp1-20130402104412

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    581(2009) The Na tional En ergy Mod el ing Sys tem: An Over view 2009 October 2009 En ergy In for ma tion Ad min is tra tion Of fice of In te grated Anal y sis and Fore cast ing U.S. De part ment of En ergy Wash ing ton, DC 20585 This re port was pre pared by the En ergy In for ma tion Ad min is tra tion, the in de pend ent sta tis ti cal and an a lyt i cal agency within the U.S. De part ment of En ergy. The in for ma tion con tained herein should be at trib uted to the En ergy In for ma tion Ad

  9. LAMMPS | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BOE Reserve Class No 2001 reserves 0.1 - 10 MBOE 10.1 - 100 MBOE 100.1 - 1000 MBOE 1000.1 - 10,000 MBOE 10,000.1 - 100,000 MBOE > 100,000 MBOE Appalachian Basin Boundary C a n a d a N Y P A N Y U S A Appalachian Basin, NY Area (Panel 1 of 7) Oil and Gas Fields By 2001 BOE

    81 § ¨ ¦ 81 LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON CALEDONIA HURON C REEK LEIC EST ER COL DEN ASH FORD INDIAN FALLS LAWTONS SAR DINIA RPD-037 -2 GLENWOOD PU LASKI PAVILION CON CORD COL LINS N

  10. Energy & Financial Markets - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) -

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Administration (EIA) definitions English FranÇais Español A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Browse terms related to these categories: border crossing electricity border crossing gas border crossing liquid liquefied natural gas terminals natural gas processing plants power plants refineries See index of all terms A

    Referencia cruzada de definición English FranÇais Español A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Explorar los términos relacionados con las

  11. Nuclear power in the Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect

    Ponomarev-Stepnoi, N.N.

    1989-01-01

    The pros and cons of nuclear power are similar in many countries, but the following pro factors are specific to the Soviet Union: the major sources of conventional fuel are in one area of the country, but energy consumption is concentrated in another; and a large portion of energy is generated using oil and gas. The arguments against nuclear power are as follows: safety requirements and expectations have been increased; and public opinion is negative. A program of nuclear power generation has been developed. New techniques are being implemented to increase safety and enhance operations of different types of nuclear power plants. Its should be obvious in the future that a nuclear power plant has better economic and environmental parameters than existing methods of power generation.

  12. Cyclotron Institute Brochure (Spanish)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A Z D E I O N E S ESTABLES Y R A D I O A C T I V O S Universidad de Texas A&M Instituto Ciclotrón ¿Qué es un ciclotrón? Un ciclotrón es un tipo de acelerador de partículas compuesto por dos placas semicirculares huecas dentro de un c a m p o m a g n é t i c o u n i f o r m e perpendicular al plano de las placas. El primer acelerador de este tipo fue construido por Ernest Lawrence en 1931. La universidad de Texas A&M cuenta con dos ciclotrones; uno convencional (K150) y otro

  13. The NPR, NPT and the prospects for disarmament

    SciTech Connect

    Pilat, Joseph F

    2010-10-04

    In Prague's Hradcany Square on April 5, 2009, President Barack Obama offered a bold vision of the nuclear future that encompasses both reducing nuclear dangers and pursuing the goal of a world without nuclear weapons while maintaining, as long as nuclear weapons remain, a safe secure, and effective arsenal, to deter potential adversaries and to assure U.S. allies and other security partners that they can count on America's security commitments. The agenda put forward in Prague involves the full range of issues from deterrence to nonproliferation and disarmament. The 2010 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) report, reflecting the twin objectives of the Prague speech, for the first time places the United States effort to lead expanded international efforts to rebuild and strengthen the global nuclear nonproliferation regime at the top the U.S. nuclear agenda. This attention underscores the fact that the top priority of the United States is to discourage additional states from acquiring nuclear weapon capabilities and to stop terrorist groups from acquiring weapon-usable nuclear materials. It also reinforced the view that positively influencing the 2010 Review Conference (RevCon) of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was a key objective of the Obama Administration. The NPR developed both the vision and the policy, but details of implementation will need to be developed and better understood. This paper will address the Nuclear Posture Review and its implementation, as well as it's relation to, and impact on, the NPT RevCon and the long term prospects for nonproliferation and disarmament.

  14. SU-E-I-51: Use of Blade Sequences in Cervical Spine MR Imaging for Eliminating Motion, Truncation and Flow Artifacts

    SciTech Connect

    Mavroidis, P; Lavdas, E; Kostopoulos, S; Ninos, C; Strikou, A; Glotsos, D; Vlachopoulou, A; Oikonomou, G; Economopoulos, N; Roka, V; Sakkas, G; Tsagkalis, A; Batsikas, G; Statkahis, S; Papanikolaou, N

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To assess the efficacy of the BLADE technique to eliminate motion, truncation, flow and other artifacts in Cervical Spine MRI compared to the conventional technique. To study the ability of the examined sequences to reduce the indetention and wrap artifacts, which have been reported in BLADE sagittal sequences. Methods: Forty consecutive subjects, who had been routinely scanned for cervical spine examination using four different image acquisition techniques, were analyzed. More specifically, the following pairs of sequences were compared: a) T2 TSE SAG vs. T2 TSE SAG BLADE and b) T2 TIRM SAG vs. T2 TIRM SAG BLADE. A quantitative analysis was performed using the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and relative contrast (ReCon) measures. A qualitative analysis was also performed by two radiologists, who graded seven image characteristics on a 5-point scale (0:non-visualization; 1:poor; 2:average; 3:good; 4:excellent). The observers also evaluated the presence of image artifacts (motion, truncation, flow, indentation). Results: Based on the findings of the quantitative analysis, the ReCON values of the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid)/SC (spinal cord) between TIRM SAG and TIRM SAG BLADE were found to present statistical significant differences (p<0.001). Regarding motion and truncation artifacts, the T2 TSE SAG BLADE was superior compared to the T2 TSE SAG and the T2 TIRM SAG BLADE was superior compared to the T2 TIRM SAG. Regarding flow artifacts, T2 TIRM SAG BLADE eliminated more artifacts compared to the T2 TIRM SAG. Conclusion: The use of BLADE sequences in cervical spine MR examinations appears to be capable of potentially eliminating motion, pulsatile flow and trancation artifacts. Furthermore, BLADE sequences are proposed to be used in the standard examination protocols based on the fact that a significantly improved image quality could be achieved.

  15. The role of plant-soil feedbacks and land-use legacies in restoration of a temperate steppe in northern China

    SciTech Connect

    Jiang, Lili; Han, Xingguo; Zhang, Guangming; Kardol, Paul

    2010-11-01

    Plant soil feedbacks affect plant performance and plant community dynamics; however, little is known about their role in ecological restoration. Here, we studied plant soil feedbacks in restoration of steppe vegetation after agricultural disturbance in northern China. First, we analyzed abiotic and biotic soil properties under mono-dominant plant patches in an old-field restoration site and in a target steppe site. Second, we tested plant soil feedbacks by growing plant species from these two sites on soils from con- and heterospecific origin. Soil properties generally did not differ between the old-field site and steppe site, but there were significant differences among mono-dominant plant patches within the sites. While soil species origin (i.e., the plant species beneath which the soil was collected) affected biomass of individual plant species in the feedback experiment, species-level plant soil feedbacks were neutral . Soil site origin (old-field, steppe) significantly affected biomass of old-field and steppe species. For example, old-field species had higher biomass in old-field soils than in steppe soils, indicating a positive land-use legacy. However, soil site origin effects depended on the plant species beneath which the soils were collected. The predictive value of abiotic and biotic soil properties in explaining plant biomass differed between and within groups of old-field and steppe species. We conclude that the occurrence of positive land-use legacies for old-field species may retard successional replacement of old-field species by steppe species. However, high levels of idiosyncrasy in responses of old-field and steppe plant species to con- and heterospecific soils indicate interspecific variation in the extent to which soil legacies and plant soil feedbacks control successional species replacements in Chinese steppe ecosystems.

  16. Pilot demonstration for containment using in situ soil mixing techniques at a chemical disposal superfund site

    SciTech Connect

    Zarlinski, S.J.; Kingham, N.W.; Semenak, R.

    1997-12-31

    Kiber Environmental Services, Inc. (Kiber), under contract to McLaren-Hart Corporation and the site PRP group, performed technical oversight and on-site sampling and analyses at the confidential site located in Texas. The site consists of 15,000 cubic meters (20,000 cubic yards) of contaminated materials that were to be solidified on-site. The contaminants included heavy metals, PAHs, oil and grease, and volatile organics. Groundwater is less than 1 meter from the surface. Kiber was retained after several unsuccessful efforts to find on-site containment methods that effectively solidified the waste pits while achieving the performance goals. The PRP group then contracted with Kiber to perform the treatability and pilot oversight studies. The full-scale pilot demonstration was performed by Geo-Con. Pilot-scale treatment was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of in situ solidification treatment at achieving the site specific performance criteria, including an unconfined compressive strength of greater than 170 kPa (25 psi) and a permeability of less than 1x10{sup -6} cm/sec. Technical oversight and on-site sampling and analysis were provided to evaluate pilot-scale application of the selected technology and verify treatment effectiveness. The project was divided into several subtasks. First, laboratory treatability testing was conducted to verify that performance specifications were achievable using the proposed reagent formulations. Next, a pilot demonstration was performed by Geo-Con using a Manotowoc 4000 crane equipped with a 1.5-meter diameter auger to evaluate shallow soil mixing. The final task included a comparative study between the performance of test specimens collected using wet sampling techniques versus in situ post-treatment coring.

  17. QCAD simulation and optimization of semiconductor double quantum dots

    SciTech Connect

    Nielsen, Erik; Gao, Xujiao; Kalashnikova, Irina; Muller, Richard Partain; Salinger, Andrew Gerhard; Young, Ralph Watson

    2013-12-01

    We present the Quantum Computer Aided Design (QCAD) simulator that targets modeling quantum devices, particularly silicon double quantum dots (DQDs) developed for quantum qubits. The simulator has three di erentiating features: (i) its core contains nonlinear Poisson, e ective mass Schrodinger, and Con guration Interaction solvers that have massively parallel capability for high simulation throughput, and can be run individually or combined self-consistently for 1D/2D/3D quantum devices; (ii) the core solvers show superior convergence even at near-zero-Kelvin temperatures, which is critical for modeling quantum computing devices; (iii) it couples with an optimization engine Dakota that enables optimization of gate voltages in DQDs for multiple desired targets. The Poisson solver includes Maxwell- Boltzmann and Fermi-Dirac statistics, supports Dirichlet, Neumann, interface charge, and Robin boundary conditions, and includes the e ect of dopant incomplete ionization. The solver has shown robust nonlinear convergence even in the milli-Kelvin temperature range, and has been extensively used to quickly obtain the semiclassical electrostatic potential in DQD devices. The self-consistent Schrodinger-Poisson solver has achieved robust and monotonic convergence behavior for 1D/2D/3D quantum devices at very low temperatures by using a predictor-correct iteration scheme. The QCAD simulator enables the calculation of dot-to-gate capacitances, and comparison with experiment and between solvers. It is observed that computed capacitances are in the right ballpark when compared to experiment, and quantum con nement increases capacitance when the number of electrons is xed in a quantum dot. In addition, the coupling of QCAD with Dakota allows to rapidly identify which device layouts are more likely leading to few-electron quantum dots. Very efficient QCAD simulations on a large number of fabricated and proposed Si DQDs have made it possible to provide fast feedback for design

  18. ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION RELIABILITY EVALUATION WITH EMPHASIS ON EVOLVING INTERDEPENDENCE ON COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE.

    SciTech Connect

    AZARM,M.A.BARI,R.A.MUSICKI,Z.

    2004-01-15

    The objective of this study is to develop a methodology for a probabilistic assessment of the reliability and security of electrical energy distribution networks. This includes consideration of the future grid system, which will rely heavily on the existing digitally based communication infrastructure for monitoring and protection. Another important objective of this study is to provide information and insights from this research to Consolidated Edison Company (Con Edison) that could be useful in the design of the new network segment to be installed in the area of the World Trade Center in lower Manhattan. Our method is microscopic in nature and relies heavily on the specific design of the portion of the grid being analyzed. It extensively models the types of faults that a grid could potentially experience, the response of the grid, and the specific design of the protection schemes. We demonstrate that the existing technology can be extended and applied to the electrical grid and to the supporting communication network. A small subsection of a hypothetical grid based on the existing New York City electrical grid system of Con Edison is used to demonstrate the methods. Sensitivity studies show that in the current design the frequency for the loss of the main station is sensitive to the communication network reliability. The reliability of the communication network could become a more important contributor to the electrical grid reliability as the utilization of the communication network significantly increases in the near future to support ''smart'' transmission and/or distributed generation. The identification of potential failure modes and their likelihood can support decisions on potential modifications to the network including hardware, monitoring instrumentation, and protection systems.

  19. CONSOLIDATION OF K BASIN SLUDGE DATA AND EXPERIENCES ON AGGLOMERATE FORMATION

    SciTech Connect

    HILL SR

    2010-06-10

    canister sludge. The unconfined compressive strength of samples from this testing, measured by a pocket penetrometer, infers that their shear strength may be between 120 kPa and 170 kPa (PNNL-16496). These short-duration hydrothermal tests were conducted at temperatures much greater than the temperature of the T Plant canyon cells (-7 C to 33 C); however, the strength results provide an initial bounding target for sludge stored for many years, and an upper range for simulants (042910-53451-TP02 Rev 1). Sampling and characterization activities conducted in 2009 have measured the total uranium content and speciation for sludge stored in Engineered Containers SCS-CON-220, -240, -250, and -260 (PNNL-19035). Based on on-going testing that has measured the shear strength of uranium samples containing varying uranium (IV) to uranium (VI) ratios and the characterization of the Engineered Containers SCS-CON-220, -240, -250, and -260, it is unlikely that agglomerates will form on a large scale in this sludge. The highest measured total uranium concentration in the Engineered Container SCS-CON-220 sludge is 35.2 wt% and only 4 wt% to 6 wt% (dry) in Engineered Containers SCS-CON -240, -250, and -260. The uranium concentrations in Engineered Containers SCS-CON-220, -240, -250, and -260 sludge are below the threshold for agglomerate formation. Settler sludge however is estimated to contain {approx} 80 wt% (dry) total uranium, which could lead to the formation of high strength agglomerates depending on the relative concentrations of U(IV) and U(VI) compounds. One of the chief concerns of the STP is sludge dry-out. Samples archived in PNNL hot cells have been known to dry out and form hard clods of material, which are then difficult to reconstitute (HNF-6705). In 1996, all but one of the samples archived at the 222-S Laboratory dried out. These samples were composed of sludge collected from the KE Basin floor and Weasel Pit. However, in the STP's current design plans for sludge stored in

  20. Structural Health Monitoring for Impact Damage in Composite Structures.

    SciTech Connect

    Roach, Dennis P.; Raymond Bond; Doug Adams

    2014-08-01

    Composite structures are increasing in prevalence throughout the aerospace, wind, defense, and transportation industries, but the many advantages of these materials come with unique challenges, particularly in inspecting and repairing these structures. Because composites of- ten undergo sub-surface damage mechanisms which compromise the structure without a clear visual indication, inspection of these components is critical to safely deploying composite re- placements to traditionally metallic structures. Impact damage to composites presents one of the most signi fi cant challenges because the area which is vulnerable to impact damage is generally large and sometimes very dif fi cult to access. This work seeks to further evolve iden- ti fi cation technology by developing a system which can detect the impact load location and magnitude in real time, while giving an assessment of the con fi dence in that estimate. Fur- thermore, we identify ways by which impact damage could be more effectively identi fi ed by leveraging impact load identi fi cation information to better characterize damage. The impact load identi fi cation algorithm was applied to a commercial scale wind turbine blade, and results show the capability to detect impact magnitude and location using a single accelerometer, re- gardless of sensor location. A technique for better evaluating the uncertainty of the impact estimates was developed by quantifying how well the impact force estimate meets the assump- tions underlying the force estimation technique. This uncertainty quanti fi cation technique was found to reduce the 95% con fi dence interval by more than a factor of two for impact force estimates showing the least uncertainty, and widening the 95% con fi dence interval by a fac- tor of two for the most uncertain force estimates, avoiding the possibility of understating the uncertainty associated with these estimates. Linear vibration based damage detection tech- niques were investigated in the