National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for rule cair nitrogen

  1. CAIRS Training Package

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Direct Data Entry Training Package Version 7.0 June 2014 CAIRS Training Package (draft June 27, 2014) TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1 Business Rules for CAIRS Direct Data Entry ................................................................................ 2 CAIRS Case Input: Workspace vs. Production Space

  2. The CAIR vacatur raises uncertainty in the power generation industry

    SciTech Connect

    Dan Weiss; John Kinsman

    2008-12-15

    On 11 July 2008, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia issued a unanimous decision vacating the entire Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) and the associated federal implementation plan. The upset of this program to reduce power plant sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions in the eastern United States was a great surprise, creating operational and planning turmoil in the industry. 4 refs.

  3. Clean Air Interstate Rule (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications

    2009-01-01

    Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) is a cap-and-trade program promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency in 2005, covering 28 eastern U.S. states and the District of Columbia. It was designed to reduce sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions in order to help states meet their National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ozone and particulate matter (PM2.5) and to further emissions reductions already achieved through the Acid Rain Program and the NOx State Implementation Plan call program. The rule was set to commence in 2009 for seasonal and annual NOx emissions and in 2010 for SO2 emissions.

  4. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Issues Statement on Clean Air Interstate Rule

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC – Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today issued the following statement regarding the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) released by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):

  5. CAIRS Registration Form 6-19-12

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    COMPUTERIZED ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM AU Support Helpline 301-903-8358 * 1-800-473-4375 Internet: AUUserSupport@Hq.Doe.Gov Recordkeeping and Reporting Web Page: http://energy.gov/ehss/downloads/injury-and-illness-reporting- guide REGISTRATION FORM User Registration for (Circle one or both): CAIRS CAIRS DATA ENTRY Completed registration request should be sent by facsimile to AU Support at (301) 903-9823 (Type or Print) 1. Name Birth date / (Last) (First) (Middle Initial) (Month) (Day)

  6. CAIRS Direct Data Entry (CDDE) Online Training Package | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Direct Data Entry (CDDE) Online Training Package CAIRS Direct Data Entry (CDDE) Online Training Package June 2014 CAIRS Direct Data Entry (CDDE) Online Training Package This self-paced tutorial is designed to instruct users on how to utilize CDDE features to compile and submit CAIRS reports (DOE Form 5484.3 and DOE Form 5484.4). Step-by-step instructions are provided for entering accident and exposure information through a graphical-user-interface. The on-line training consists of the

  7. Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and Modeling in AEO2010 (released in AEO2010)

    Reports and Publications

    2010-01-01

    On December 23, 2008, the D.C. Circuit Court remanded but did not vacate the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR), overriding its previous decision on February 8, 2008, to remand and vacate CAIR. The December decision, which is reflected in Annual Energy Outlook 2010 (AEO) , allows CAIR to remain in effect, providing time for the Environmental Protection Agency to modify the rule in order to address objections raised by the Court in its earlier decision. A similar rule, referred to as the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR), which was to set up a cap-and-trade system for reducing mercury emissions by approximately 70%, is not represented in the AEO2010 projections, because it was vacated by the D.C. Circuit Court in February 2008.

  8. The Clean Air Interstate Rule

    SciTech Connect

    Debra Jezouit; Frank Rambo

    2005-07-01

    On May 12, 2005, EPA promulgated the Clean Air Interstate Rule, which overhauls and expands the scope of air emissions trading programs in the eastern United States. The rule imposes statewide caps on emissions of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide to be introduced in two phases, beginning in 2009. This article briefly explains the background leading up to the rule and summarizes its key findings and requirements. 2 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  9. Run Rules

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Run Rules Run Rules Crossroads/NERSC-9 Application Performance: Instructions and Run Rules Introduction Application performance is a key driver for the DOE's NNSA and Office of Science platform roadmaps. As such, application benchmarking and performance analysis will play a critical role in evaluation of the Offeror's proposal. The APEX application benchmarks have been carefully chosen to represent characteristics of the expected Crossroads and NERSC-9 workloads, both of which consist of solving

  10. Proposed Rules

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    4414 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 209 / Tuesday, October 29, 2013 / Proposed Rules NRC about the availability of information for the proposed Waste Confidence rule and DGEIS. You may access publicly available information related to these documents by any of the following methods: * Federal Rulemaking Web Site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and search for Docket ID NRC-2012-0246. * NRC's Waste Confidence Web site: Go to http://www.nrc.gov/waste/spent- fuel-storage/wcd.html. * NRC's

  11. Proposed Rules

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    337 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 156 / Friday, August 12, 2016 / Proposed Rules 1 The use of the word ''order'' in this context refers to Compliance Orders issued under subpart Continued DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 820 [Docket No. EA-RM-16-PRDNA] RIN 1992-AA52 Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities AGENCY: Office of Enterprise Assessments, Office of Enforcement, Office of Nuclear Safety Enforcement, Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: The U.S.

  12. Nitrogen sorption

    DOEpatents

    Friesen, D.T.; Babcock, W.C.; Edlund, D.J.; Miller, W.K.

    1996-05-14

    Nitrogen-sorbing and -desorbing compositions and methods of using the same are disclosed, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas. 5 figs.

  13. Nitrogen sorption

    DOEpatents

    Friesen, Dwayne T.; Babcock, Walter C.; Edlund, David J.; Miller, Warren K.

    1993-01-01

    Nitrogen-sorbing and -desorbing compositions and methods of using the same are disclosed, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas.

  14. Nitrogen sorption

    DOEpatents

    Friesen, D.T.; Babcock, W.C.; Edlund, D.J.; Miller, W.K.

    1993-07-06

    Nitrogen-sorbing and -desorbing compositions and methods of using the same are disclosed, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas.

  15. Nitrogen sorption

    DOEpatents

    Friesen, Dwayne T.; Babcock, Walter C.; Edlund, David J.; Miller, Warren K.

    1996-01-01

    Nitrogen-sorbing and -desorbing compositions and methods of using the same are disclosed, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas.

  16. Interim Final Rule and Proposed Rule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Interim Final Rule and Proposed Rule Interim Final Rule and Proposed Rule Extracted Pages from the Interim Final Rule and Proposed Rule, September 19, 2008 Interim Final Rule and Proposed Rule (111.06 KB) More Documents & Publications Comments of the Staff of the public utilities commission of the state of California on the interim final rule Comments on Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Coordination of Federal Authorizations for Electric Transmission Facilities Changes recommended by OIRA

  17. September 16, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting, Former Worker and Energy Compensation Programs, CAIRS Reporting, Central Worker Data Tracking - Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Working Group Meeting September 16, 2008 1:00 - 3:00 pm EST FORS 7E-069 SUBJECT: Former Worker/Energy Compensation Programs CAIRS Reporting Central Worker Data Tracking Meeting Facilitation: Building &Construction Trades Department Center for Construction Research &Training [Pete Stafford, Patricia Quinn] Agenda I. Former Worker Screening: Outreach, Improved Facilitation, Collective efforts and issues 1. Screening Programs (historical and future needs) - OccMed/contractor interaction -

  18. Quality Assurance Rule

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This rule establishes quality assurance requirements for contractors conducting activities, including providing items or services which affect, or may affect, nuclear safety of DOE nuclear facilities.

  19. Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1995 Introduction On August 27, 1997, the EPA promulgated revised the rules that allow ... Notice Citation (1) Date Final Rule by EPA allows foreign refiners to establish ...

  20. Acquisition & Financial Assistance Rules Status | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Acquisition & Financial Assistance Rules Status Acquisition & Financial Assistance Rules Status Subscribe to Acquisition & Financial Assistance Rules Status Updates PDF icon ...

  1. Nitrogen dioxide detection

    DOEpatents

    Sinha, Dipen N.; Agnew, Stephen F.; Christensen, William H.

    1993-01-01

    Method and apparatus for detecting the presence of gaseous nitrogen dioxide and determining the amount of gas which is present. Though polystyrene is normally an insulator, it becomes electrically conductive in the presence of nitrogen dioxide. Conductance or resistance of a polystyrene sensing element is related to the concentration of nitrogen dioxide at the sensing element.

  2. Nitrogen spark denoxer

    DOEpatents

    Ng, Henry K.; Novick, Vincent J.; Sekar, Ramanujam R.

    1997-01-01

    A NO.sub.X control system for an internal combustion engine includes an oxygen enrichment device that produces oxygen and nitrogen enriched air. The nitrogen enriched air contains molecular nitrogen that is provided to a spark plug that is mounted in an exhaust outlet of an internal combustion engine. As the nitrogen enriched air is expelled at the spark gap of the spark plug, the nitrogen enriched air is exposed to a pulsating spark that is generated across the spark gap of the spark plug. The spark gap is elongated so that a sufficient amount of atomic nitrogen is produced and is injected into the exhaust of the internal combustion engine. The injection of the atomic nitrogen into the exhaust of the internal combustion engine causes the oxides of nitrogen to be reduced into nitrogen and oxygen such that the emissions from the engine will have acceptable levels of NO.sub.X. The oxygen enrichment device that produces both the oxygen and nitrogen enriched air can include a selectively permeable membrane.

  3. Title XVII Final Rule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Final Rule Title XVII Final Rule Title XVII Final Rule (107.56 KB) More Documents & Publications Final Rule (December 4, 2009) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (August 6, 2009) Final Rule (October 23, 2007)

  4. ARM - Measurement - Nitrogen

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    govMeasurementsNitrogen ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Nitrogen All gaseous compounds of nitrogen including N2, N2O, and NOx. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those

  5. ARM - Oxides of Nitrogen

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Oxides of Nitrogen Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Oxides of Nitrogen Oxides of nitrogen, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and ozone have a lesser effect on the atmosphere than carbon dioxide and methane, but as you will see they are important contributors to the greenhouse

  6. Proposed Rules IV. Conclusion

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    686 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 44 / Monday, March 7, 2016 / Proposed Rules IV. Conclusion For the reasons cited in this document, the NRC is denying PRM- 50-106. The NRC is denying this petition because the current regulations already address environmental qualification in both mild and design basis event conditions of electrical equipment located both inside and outside of the containment building that is important to safety, and the petitioners did not provide significant new or

  7. Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Rules for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability It is important to analyze formal and informal workplace rules governing the behavior of individuals ...

  8. Idaho Administrative Rules 20.03.15 Rules Governing Geothermal...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Leasing on State LandLegal Abstract Idaho regulation governing the rules and procedures for geothermal leasing on state lands. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2012...

  9. Benchmark Distribution & Run Rules

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Rules Benchmark Distribution & Run Rules Applications and micro-benchmarks for the Crossroads/NERSC-9 procurement. You can find more information by clicking on the header for each of the topics listed below. Change Log Change and update notes for the benchmark suite. Application Benchmarks The following applications will be used by the Sustained System Improvement metric in measuring the performance improvement of proposed systems relative to NERSC's Edison platform. General Run Rules

  10. The Clean Air Mercury Rule

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Rossler

    2005-07-01

    Coming into force on July 15, 2005, the US Clean Air Mercury Rule will use a market-based cap-and-trade approach under Section 111 of the Clean Air Act to reduce mercury emissions from the electric power sector. This article provides a comprehensive summary of the new rule. 14 refs., 2 tabs.

  11. METHANE AND NITROGEN ABUNDANCES ON PLUTO AND ERIS

    SciTech Connect

    Tegler, S. C.; Cornelison, D. M.; Abernathy, M. R.; Bovyn, M. J.; Burt, J. A.; Evans, D. E.; Maleszewski, C. K.; Thompson, Z.; Grundy, W. M.; Romanishin, W.; Vilas, F. E-mail: David.Cornelison@nau.ed E-mail: wjr@nhn.ou.ed

    2010-12-10

    We present spectra of Eris from the MMT 6.5 m Telescope and Red Channel Spectrograph (5700-9800 A, 5 A pixel{sup -1}) on Mt. Hopkins, AZ, and of Pluto from the Steward Observatory 2.3 m Telescope and Boller and Chivens Spectrograph (7100-9400 A, 2 A pixel{sup -1}) on Kitt Peak, AZ. In addition, we present laboratory transmission spectra of methane-nitrogen and methane-argon ice mixtures. By anchoring our analysis in methane and nitrogen solubilities in one another as expressed in the phase diagram of Prokhvatilov and Yantsevich, and comparing methane bands in our Eris and Pluto spectra and methane bands in our laboratory spectra of methane and nitrogen ice mixtures, we find Eris' bulk methane and nitrogen abundances are {approx}10% and {approx}90% and Pluto's bulk methane and nitrogen abundances are {approx}3% and {approx}97%. Such abundances for Pluto are consistent with values reported in the literature. It appears that the bulk volatile composition of Eris is similar to the bulk volatile composition of Pluto. Both objects appear to be dominated by nitrogen ice. Our analysis also suggests, unlike previous work reported in the literature, that the methane and nitrogen stoichiometry is constant with depth into the surface of Eris. Finally, we point out that our Eris spectrum is also consistent with a laboratory ice mixture consisting of 40% methane and 60% argon. Although we cannot rule out an argon-rich surface, it seems more likely that nitrogen is the dominant species on Eris because the nitrogen ice 2.15 {mu}m band is seen in spectra of Pluto and Triton.

  12. Texas - PUC Substantive Rule 22 - Procedural Rules | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Procedural RulesLegal Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to provide a system of procedures for practice before the Public Utilities Commission of Texas. Published NA Year...

  13. Weatherization Rules and Regulations Resources

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal regulations provide the framework for the Weatherization Assistance Program. These rules and regulations give state and local weatherization programs guidelines to provide the energy efficiency improvements to low-income dwellings.

  14. Fact #825: June 16, 2014 Tier 3 Non-Methane Organic Gases Plus Nitrogen

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Oxide Emission Standards, Model Years 2017-2025 | Department of Energy 5: June 16, 2014 Tier 3 Non-Methane Organic Gases Plus Nitrogen Oxide Emission Standards, Model Years 2017-2025 Fact #825: June 16, 2014 Tier 3 Non-Methane Organic Gases Plus Nitrogen Oxide Emission Standards, Model Years 2017-2025 The Environmental Protection Agency finalized Tier 3 emission standards in a rule issued in March 2014. One effect of the rule is a decrease in the combined amount of non-methane organic gases

  15. 10 cfr 851 final rule

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    59 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 27 / Thursday, February 9, 2006 / Rules and Regulations On March 23, 2005, DOE held a televideo forum to provide DOE contractors, contractor employees, and their representatives with the opportunity to ask questions and receive clarification on the provisions of the supplemental proposed rule. The public comment period for the supplemental proposal ended on April 26, 2005. During this period, DOE received 62 comment letters from private individuals, DOE

  16. Aqueous phase removal of nitrogen from nitrogen compounds

    DOEpatents

    Fassbender, Alex G.

    1993-01-01

    A method is disclosed for denitrification of compounds containing nitrogen present in aqueous waste streams. The method comprises the steps of (1) identifying the types of nitrogen compounds present in a waste stream, (2) determining the concentrations of nitrogen compounds, (3) balancing oxidized and reduced form of nitrogen by adding a reactant, and (4) heating the mixture to a predetermined reaction temperature from about 300.degree. C. to about 600.degree. C., thereby resulting in less harmful nitrogen and oxygen gas, hydroxides, alcohols, and hydrocarbons.

  17. Vermont Stormwater Management Rule | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Vermont Stormwater Management RuleLegal Abstract This Rule: (1) Establishes a state permit program for...

  18. Permit by Rule Guide | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Permit by Rule GuideLegal Abstract California Department of Toxic Substance Control Permit by Rule Guide, current through August 7, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or...

  19. Hawaii Administrative Rules | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Not provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Hawaii Administrative Rules Citation Hawaii Administrative Rules (2014)....

  20. Idaho Appellate Rules | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Not provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Idaho Appellate Rules Citation Idaho Appellate Rules (2014). Retrieved from...

  1. Oregon Administrative Rules | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Not provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Oregon Administrative Rules Citation Oregon Administrative Rules (2014)....

  2. Nitrogen-incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond microneedle...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Nitrogen-incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond microneedle arrays for ... Title: Nitrogen-incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond microneedle arrays for ...

  3. Methane/nitrogen separation process

    DOEpatents

    Baker, Richard W.; Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A.; Pinnau, Ingo; Segelke, Scott

    1997-01-01

    A membrane separation process for treating a gas stream containing methane and nitrogen, for example, natural gas. The separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and rejecting nitrogen. We have found that the process is able to meet natural gas pipeline specifications for nitrogen, with acceptably small methane loss, so long as the membrane can exhibit a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 4, 5 or more. This selectivity can be achieved with some rubbery and super-glassy membranes at low temperatures. The process can also be used for separating ethylene from nitrogen.

  4. Methane/nitrogen separation process

    DOEpatents

    Baker, R.W.; Lokhandwala, K.A.; Pinnau, I.; Segelke, S.

    1997-09-23

    A membrane separation process is described for treating a gas stream containing methane and nitrogen, for example, natural gas. The separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and rejecting nitrogen. The authors have found that the process is able to meet natural gas pipeline specifications for nitrogen, with acceptably small methane loss, so long as the membrane can exhibit a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 4, 5 or more. This selectivity can be achieved with some rubbery and super-glassy membranes at low temperatures. The process can also be used for separating ethylene from nitrogen. 11 figs.

  5. Parallel machine architecture for production rule systems

    DOEpatents

    Allen, Jr., John D.; Butler, Philip L.

    1989-01-01

    A parallel processing system for production rule programs utilizes a host processor for storing production rule right hand sides (RHS) and a plurality of rule processors for storing left hand sides (LHS). The rule processors operate in parallel in the recognize phase of the system recognize -Act Cycle to match their respective LHS's against a stored list of working memory elements (WME) in order to find a self consistent set of WME's. The list of WME is dynamically varied during the Act phase of the system in which the host executes or fires rule RHS's for those rules for which a self-consistent set has been found by the rule processors. The host transmits instructions for creating or deleting working memory elements as dictated by the rule firings until the rule processors are unable to find any further self-consistent working memory element sets at which time the production rule system is halted.

  6. Understanding Nitrogen Fixation

    SciTech Connect

    Paul J. Chirik

    2012-05-25

    The purpose of our program is to explore fundamental chemistry relevant to the discovery of energy efficient methods for the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen (N{sub 2}) into more value-added nitrogen-containing organic molecules. Such transformations are key for domestic energy security and the reduction of fossil fuel dependencies. With DOE support, we have synthesized families of zirconium and hafnium dinitrogen complexes with elongated and activated N-N bonds that exhibit rich N{sub 2} functionalization chemistry. Having elucidated new methods for N-H bond formation from dihydrogen, C-H bonds and Broensted acids, we have since turned our attention to N-C bond construction. These reactions are particularly important for the synthesis of amines, heterocycles and hydrazines with a range of applications in the fine and commodity chemicals industries and as fuels. One recent highlight was the discovery of a new N{sub 2} cleavage reaction upon addition of carbon monoxide which resulted in the synthesis of an important fertilizer, oxamide, from the diatomics with the two strongest bonds in chemistry. Nitrogen-carbon bonds form the backbone of many important organic molecules, especially those used in the fertilizer and pharamaceutical industries. During the past year, we have continued our work in the synthesis of hydrazines of various substitution patterns, many of which are important precursors for heterocycles. In most instances, the direct functionalization of N{sub 2} offers a more efficient synthetic route than traditional organic methods. In addition, we have also discovered a unique CO-induced N{sub 2} bond cleavage reaction that simultaneously cleaves the N-N bond of the metal dinitrogen compound and assembles new C-C bond and two new N-C bonds. Treatment of the CO-functionalized core with weak Broensted acids liberated oxamide, H{sub 2}NC(O)C(O)NH{sub 2}, an important slow release fertilizer that is of interest to replace urea in many applications. The

  7. Nitrogen fixation apparatus

    DOEpatents

    Chen, Hao-Lin

    1984-01-01

    A method and apparatus for achieving nitrogen fixation includes a volumetric electric discharge chamber. The volumetric discharge chamber provides an even distribution of an electron beam, and enables the chamber to be maintained at a controlled energy to pressure (E/p) ratio. An E/p ratio of from 5 to 15 kV/atm of O.sub.2 /cm promotes the formation of vibrationally excited N.sub.2. Atomic oxygen interacts with vibrationally excited N.sub.2 at a much quicker rate than unexcited N.sub.2, greatly improving the rate at which NO is formed.

  8. Final Rule (October 23, 2007)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Loan Guarantees for Projects That Employ Innovative Technologies; Final Rule: On May 16, 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE or the Department) published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and opportunity for comment (NOPR) to establish regulations for the loan guarantee program authorized by Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Title XVII or the Act).

  9. Montana Rule 36.2.10 General State Land Rules | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    State Land RulesLegal Abstract Montana regulation governing general rules for the administration of state lands. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal Citation...

  10. Autonomous Rule Creation for Intrusion Detection

    SciTech Connect

    Todd Vollmer; Jim Alves-Foss; Milos Manic

    2011-04-01

    Many computational intelligence techniques for anomaly based network intrusion detection can be found in literature. Translating a newly discovered intrusion recognition criteria into a distributable rule can be a human intensive effort. This paper explores a multi-modal genetic algorithm solution for autonomous rule creation. This algorithm focuses on the process of creating rules once an intrusion has been identified, rather than the evolution of rules to provide a solution for intrusion detection. The algorithm was demonstrated on anomalous ICMP network packets (input) and Snort rules (output of the algorithm). Output rules were sorted according to a fitness value and any duplicates were removed. The experimental results on ten test cases demonstrated a 100 percent rule alert rate. Out of 33,804 test packets 3 produced false positives. Each test case produced a minimum of three rule variations that could be used as candidates for a production system.

  11. Eighth international congress on nitrogen fixation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This volume contains the proceedings of the Eighth International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation held May 20--26, 1990 in Knoxville, Tennessee. The volume contains abstracts of individual presentations. Sessions were entitled Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Nitrogen Fixation, Plant-microbe Interactions, Limiting Factors of Nitrogen Fixation, Nitrogen Fixation and the Environment, Bacterial Systems, Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture and Industry, Plant Function, and Nitrogen Fixation and Evolution.

  12. Business rule enforcement via natural language modeling

    SciTech Connect

    Sharp, J.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on business rule enforcement by natural language modeling procedures. A number of examples are given.

  13. Binary translation using peephole translation rules

    DOEpatents

    Bansal, Sorav; Aiken, Alex

    2010-05-04

    An efficient binary translator uses peephole translation rules to directly translate executable code from one instruction set to another. In a preferred embodiment, the translation rules are generated using superoptimization techniques that enable the translator to automatically learn translation rules for translating code from the source to target instruction set architecture.

  14. High-nitrogen explosives

    SciTech Connect

    Naud, D.; Hiskey, M. A.; Kramer, J. F.; Bishop, R. L.; Harry, H. H.; Son, S. F.; Sullivan, G. K.

    2002-01-01

    The syntheses and characterization of various tetrazine and furazan compounds offer a different approach to explosives development. Traditional explosives - such as TNT or RDX - rely on the oxidation of the carbon and hydrogen atoms by the oxygen carrying nitro group to produce the explosive energy. High-nitrogen compounds rely instead on large positive heats of formation for that energy. Some of these high-nitrogen compounds have been shown to be less sensitive to initiation (e.g. by impact) when compared to traditional nitro-containing explosives of similar performances. Using the precursor, 3,6-bis-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-s-tetrazine (BDT), several useful energetic compounds based on the s-tetrazine system have been synthesized and studied. The compound, 3,3{prime}-azobis(6-amino-s-tetrazine) or DAAT, detonates as a half inch rate stick despite having no oxygen in the molecule. Using perfluoroacetic acid, DAAT can be oxidized to give mixtures of N-oxide isomers (DAAT03.5) with an average oxygen content of about 3.5. This energetic mixture burns at extremely high rates and with low dependency on pressure. Another tetrazine compound of interest is 3,6-diguanidino-s-tetrazine(DGT) and its dinitrate and diperchlorate salts. DGT is easily synthesized by reacting BDT with guanidine in methanol. Using Caro's acid, DGT can be further oxidized to give 3,6-diguanidino-s-tetrazine-1,4-di-N-oxide (DGT-DO). Like DGT, the di-N-oxide can react with nitric acid or perchloric acid to give the dinitrate and the diperchlorate salts. The compounds, 4,4{prime}-diamino-3,3{prime}-azoxyfurazan (DAAF) and 4,4{prime}-diamino-3,3{prime}-azofurazan (DAAzF), may have important future roles in insensitive explosive applications. Neither DAAF nor DAAzF can be initiated by laboratory impact drop tests, yet both have in some aspects better explosive performances than 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene TATB - the standard of insensitive high explosives. The thermal stability of DAAzF is

  15. Stanford Nitrogen Group | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Stanford Nitrogen Group National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Stanford Nitrogen Group Stanford University The Stanford Nitrogen Group developed a new wastewater treatment process for the removal and recovery of energy from waste nitrogen (i.e. ammonia). This process improves the efficiency and lowers the cost of nitrogen treatment. The process is termed the Coupled Aerobic-anoxic Nitrous Decomposition Operation (CANDO) and consists of 2 principal steps: biological conversion of ammonia

  16. Final Rule Technical Amendment | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Final Rule Technical Amendment Federal Register Announcement: The Department of Energy (DOE) is publishing this technical amendment to the regulations for the loan guarantee ...

  17. Rules of thumb for passive solar heating

    SciTech Connect

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1980-01-01

    Rules of thumb are given for passive solar systems for: (1) sizing solar glazing for 219 cities, (2) sizing thermal storage mass, and (3) building orientation.

  18. Hawaii Administrative Rules Pertaining to Historic Preservation...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Hawaii Administrative Rules Pertaining to Historic Preservation Citation...

  19. METHOD OF FIXING NITROGEN FOR PRODUCING OXIDES OF NITROGEN

    DOEpatents

    Harteck, P.; Dondes, S.

    1959-08-01

    A method is described for fixing nitrogen from air by compressing the air, irradiating the compressed air in a nuclear reactor, cooling to remove NO/ sub 2/, compressing the cooled gas, further cooling to remove N/sub 2/O and recirculating the cooled compressed air to the reactor.

  20. Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is important to analyze formal and informal workplace rules governing the behavior of individuals and organizations to meet a federal agency's institutional change goals for sustainability. It is also important to determine how these rules actually affect people filling different roles in the organization, and how they mesh with the technologies, systems, and processes that constitute tools.

  1. Rescuing the Born rule for quantum cosmology

    SciTech Connect

    Cooperman, Joshua H.

    2011-02-01

    Page has recently argued that the Born rule does not suffice for computing all probabilities in quantum cosmology. He further asserts that the Born rule's failure gives rise to the cosmological measure problem. Here I contend that Page's result stems from his use of an overly restrictive definition of the Born rule. In particular, I demonstrate that all of the probabilities he wishes to compute follow from the Born rule when generalized measurements are permitted. I also register two comments on Page's theoretical setting, relating respectively to Hilbert space dimensionality and permutation symmetry. These considerations lead me to conclude that the claimed insufficiency of the Born rule is by no means specific to the cosmological context.

  2. Method of preparing nitrogen containing semiconductor material

    DOEpatents

    Barber, Greg D.; Kurtz, Sarah R.

    2004-09-07

    A method of combining group III elements with group V elements that incorporates at least nitrogen from a nitrogen halide for use in semiconductors and in particular semiconductors in photovoltaic cells.

  3. Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Nitrogen Monitoring & Integrity...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Petroleum Reserve: Nitrogen Monitoring & Integrity Testing of SW Louisiana Caverns - ... Co-Evolution of Biofuels Lignocellulosic Biomass Microalgae Thermochemical Conversion ...

  4. A Fullerene that Breaks the Rules

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    the physical properties of the complex as a whole. Endohedral fullerenes with an interior cluster of the form M3N (M metal, N nitrogen) and an 80-carbon cage typically possess...

  5. NITROGEN REMOVAL FROM NATURAL GAS

    SciTech Connect

    K.A. Lokhandwala; M.B. Ringer; T.T. Su; Z. He; I. Pinnau; J.G. Wijmans; A. Morisato; K. Amo; A. DaCosta; R.W. Baker; R. Olsen; H. Hassani; T. Rathkamp

    1999-12-31

    The objective of this project was to develop a membrane process for the denitrogenation of natural gas. Large proven reserves in the Lower-48 states cannot be produced because of the presence of nitrogen. To exploit these reserves, cost-effective, simple technology able to reduce the nitrogen content of the gas to 4-5% is required. Technology applicable to treatment of small gas streams (below 10 MMscfd) is particularly needed. In this project membranes that selectively permeate methane and reject nitrogen in the gas were developed. Preliminary calculations show that a membrane with a methane/nitrogen selectivity of 3 to 5 is required to make the process economically viable. A number of polymer materials likely to have the required selectivities were evaluated as composite membranes. Polyacetylenes such as poly(1-trimethylsilyl-1-propyne) [PTMSP] and poly(4-methyl-2-pentyne) [PMP] had high selectivities and fluxes, but membranes prepared from these polymers were not stable, showing decreasing flux and selectivity during tests lasting only a few hours. Parel, a poly(propylene oxide allyl glycidyl ether) had a selectivity of 3 at ambient temperatures and 4 or more at temperatures of {minus}20 C. However, Parel is no longer commercially available, and we were unable to find an equivalent material in the time available. Therefore, most of our experimental work focused on silicone rubber membranes, which have a selectivity of 2.5 at ambient temperatures, increasing to 3-4 at low temperatures. Silicone rubber composite membranes were evaluated in bench-scale module tests and with commercial-scale, 4-inch-diameter modules in a small pilot plant. Over six days of continuous operation at a feed gas temperature of {minus}5 to {minus}10 C, the membrane maintained a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 3.3. Based on the pilot plant performance data, an analysis of the economic potential of the process was prepared. We conclude that a stand-alone membrane process is the lowest

  6. Biomass Production and Nitrogen Recovery

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Project Peer Review WBS 4.2.2.10: Biomass Production and Nitrogen Recovery Date: March 23, 2015 Technology Area Review: Sustainability Principal Investigator: M. Cristina Negri Organization: Argonne National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Goal Statement In the context of developing tools for landscape design approach to satisfy different societal goals (energy security, environmental protection, low-cost

  7. Nitrogen as a friendly addition to steel

    SciTech Connect

    Rawers, J.C.

    2006-01-01

    Interstitial alloying with nitrogen or carbon is a common means of enhancing properties of iron-based alloys. Interstitial nitrogen addition to fcc-phase Fe-Cr-Mn/Ni alloys results in improved mechanical properties, whereas addition of carbon can result in the formation of unwanted carbides. Carbon addition to low alloy, bcc-phase iron alloys significantly improves strength through the formation of carbides, whereas addition of nitrogen in bcc-phase iron alloys can result in porous casting and reduced mechanical properties. This study will show that alloying iron-based alloys with both nitrogen and carbon can produce positive results. Nitrogen addition to Fe-C and Fe-Cr-C alloys, and both nitrogen and nitrogen-carbon additions to Fe-Cr-Mn/Ni alloys altered the microstructure, improved mechanical properties, increased hardness, and reduced wear by stabilizing the fcc-phase and altering (possibly eliminating) precipitate formation.

  8. Acquisition & Financial Assistance Rules Status | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Acquisition & Financial Assistance Rules Status Acquisition & Financial Assistance Rules Status Subscribe to Acquisition & Financial Assistance Rules Status Updates Department of Energy, Office of Acquisition Management Proposed Rules Current as of 11/4/16 Regulation Identifier Number Title / Subject / Purpose Rule Type Status 1901-AB37 Enforcement of Classified Information Security Requirements: The proposed rule amends DOE's statutory prescribed regulation, which sets forth the

  9. Proposed EPA Rules Will Cut Carbon Pollution While Maintaining...

    Energy Saver

    Proposed EPA Rules Will Cut Carbon Pollution While Maintaining Reliability Proposed EPA Rules Will Cut Carbon Pollution While Maintaining Reliability June 3, 2014 - 4:20pm Addthis ...

  10. EPA Mobile Source Rule Update | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Mobile Source Rule Update EPA Mobile Source Rule Update 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: ... More Documents & Publications EPA Diesel Update Technical Challenges and Opportunities ...

  11. Notices and Rules Related to Federal Energy Management | Department...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) issues notices and rules related to federal ... The following notices and rules were announced by DOE, FEMP, and BTO through the Federal ...

  12. Appendix B: Rules and Directives Applicable to Nuclear Facilities...

    Energy Saver

    Appendix B: Rules and Directives Applicable to Nuclear Facilities Line Management Oversight Appendix B: Rules and Directives Applicable to Nuclear Facilities Line Management ...

  13. DOE Issues Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Facilities DOE Issues Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Facilities May 8, 2006 - 10:36am Addthis ...

  14. Vermont Stormwater Management Rule for Stormwater-Impaired Waters...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Vermont Stormwater Management Rule for Stormwater-Impaired WatersLegal Abstract This Rule enhances the management...

  15. Proposed Rule Correction, Federal Register, 75 FR 66008, October...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Proposed Rule Correction, Federal Register, 75 FR 66008, October 27, 2010 Proposed Rule Correction, Federal Register, 75 FR 66008, October 27, 2010 Document displays a correction ...

  16. Worker Safety and Health Rules, Directives, and Technical Standards...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Worker Safety and Health Rules, Directives, and Technical Standards Worker Safety and Health Rules, Directives, and Technical Standards Document Number Title Date 10 CFR 707 ...

  17. Collegiate Wind Competition 2016 Rules and Regulations | Department...

    Energy Saver

    Collegiate Wind Competition 2016 Rules and Regulations Collegiate Wind Competition 2016 Rules and Regulations The competition challenges interdisciplinary teams of undergraduate ...

  18. DOE Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules...

    Energy Saver

    Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules DOE Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules On January 18, 2011, the President issued Executive ...

  19. Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules

    Energy Saver

    ... office will remove email addresses and other ... DOE has already developed its first candidate list of rules ... to its rules, guidance documents, and paperwork ...

  20. Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and...

    Energy Saver

    Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon Emissions Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon Emissions August 29, ...

  1. Ground Water Management District Rules | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Water Management District Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Ground Water Management District Rules Abstract This webpage provides...

  2. Design rules for dislocation filters (Journal Article) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Design rules for dislocation filters Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Design rules for dislocation filters The efficacy of strained layer threading dislocation filter...

  3. Processing Exemptions to Nuclear Safety Rules and Approval of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    STD-1083-2009 June 2009 DOE STANDARD PROCESSING EXEMPTIONS TO NUCLEAR SAFETY RULES AND ... and granting exemptions to DOE nuclear safety rules and b. requesting and ...

  4. Institutional Change Process Step 2: Assess Institutional Rules...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2: Assess Institutional Rules, Roles, and Tools Institutional Change Process Step 2: Assess Institutional Rules, Roles, and Tools Graphic of the Institutional Change Continuous ...

  5. Rules and Regulations of the Wyoming Industrial Siting Council...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Document- RegulationRegulation: Rules and Regulations of the Wyoming Industrial Siting Council - Chapter 1Legal Abstract Industrial development information and siting rules and...

  6. Rules and Regulations of the Wyoming Industrial Siting Council...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Document- RegulationRegulation: Rules and Regulations of the Wyoming Industrial Siting Council - Chapter 2Legal Abstract Rules of practice and proceedures of the Industrial Siting...

  7. Texas PUCT Substantive Rule 25.101, Certification Criteria, Electric...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Texas PUCT Substantive Rule 25.101, Certification Criteria, Electric Substantive Rules Jump...

  8. Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Final Rule...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Final Rule for Subchapters A, B, and C ... Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Final Rule for Subchapters A, B, ...

  9. Comments of NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule:...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule: Energy Conservation for New Federal ... Comments of NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule: Energy Conservation for New ...

  10. Oregon Rules of Appellate Procedure | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    RegulationRegulation: Oregon Rules of Appellate ProcedureLegal Abstract These rules set forth the procedure for hearings before the state courts of appeals. Published NA Year...

  11. ATVM Interim Final Rule Correction | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    A few corrections to the final rule regarding fuel economy numbers. ATVM Interim Final Rule Correction More Documents & Publications Updated Guidance For Applicants To Advanced...

  12. DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information March 8,...

  13. Montana Rule 36.25.4 Geothermal Rules and Regulations | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Geothermal Rules and RegulationsLegal Abstract Montana regulation governing administration of geothermal resources in the state. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect...

  14. Nitrogen fixation method and apparatus

    DOEpatents

    Chen, Hao-Lin

    1983-01-01

    A method and apparatus for achieving nitrogen fixation includes a volumetric electric discharge chamber. The volumetric discharge chamber provides an even distribution of an electron beam, and enables the chamber to be maintained at a controlled energy to pressure (E/p) ratio. An E/p ratio of from 5 to 15 kV/atm of O.sub.2 /cm promotes the formation of vibrationally excited N.sub.2. Atomic oxygen interacts with vibrationally excited N.sub.2 at a much quicker rate than unexcited N.sub.2, greatly improving the rate at which NO is formed.

  15. Nitrogen fixation method and apparatus

    DOEpatents

    Chen, H.L.

    1983-08-16

    A method and apparatus for achieving nitrogen fixation includes a volumetric electric discharge chamber. The volumetric discharge chamber provides an even distribution of an electron beam, and enables the chamber to be maintained at a controlled energy to pressure (E/p) ratio. An E/p ratio of from 5 to 15 kV/atm of O[sub 2]/cm promotes the formation of vibrationally excited N[sub 2]. Atomic oxygen interacts with vibrationally excited N[sub 2] at a much quicker rate than unexcited N[sub 2], greatly improving the rate at which NO is formed. 1 fig.

  16. CONTRACTOR LEGAL MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS: FINAL RULE

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department has issued a Final Rule revising the existing contractor regulations covering contractor legal management requirements at 10 C.F.R. 719 (Federal Register May 3, 2013; http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-05-03/pdf/2013-10485.pdf). One unusual aspect of the Final Rule is that it requires Contracting Officers to attempt to execute bilateral modifications to existing affected contracts to apply the Final Rule's revisions to those contracts. We will issue an Acquisition Letter shortly with suggested contract modification language. (The Final Rule's revisions "… are designed to clarify and streamline existing requirements, improve efficiency of contractor legal management, and facilitate oversight over the expenditure of taxpayer dollars." The contract modifications will state the revisions will only apply to costs incurred from date the bilateral modifications are executed forward. The revisions are administrative in nature. Regarding costs contractors have not yet incurred, the revisions could have been communicated to contractors without using a Final Rule to incorporate them into current contracts. Consequently, the modifications do not require equitable adjustments.)

  17. Oil recovery by nitrogen flooding. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Ronde, H.; Hagoort, J.

    1992-03-01

    The general objective of the project is the Establishment of technical and economic design criteria and evaluation tools for oil and condensate recovery by Nitrogen Injection. The main objective has been divided into the following specific objectives: Determination of the effect of oil composition on the oil recovery; Investigation of the pros and cons of slim-tube experiments as a tool for the design and evaluation of nitrogen flooding; Measurement and calculation of the minimum miscibility pressures (MMP) for nitrogen flooding.

  18. Systematics of strength function sum rules

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Johnson, Calvin W.

    2015-08-28

    Sum rules provide useful insights into transition strength functions and are often expressed as expectation values of an operator. In this letter I demonstrate that non-energy-weighted transition sum rules have strong secular dependences on the energy of the initial state. Such non-trivial systematics have consequences: the simplification suggested by the generalized Brink–Axel hypothesis, for example, does not hold for most cases, though it weakly holds in at least some cases for electric dipole transitions. Furthermore, I show the systematics can be understood through spectral distribution theory, calculated via traces of operators and of products of operators. Seen through this lens,more » violation of the generalized Brink–Axel hypothesis is unsurprising: one expectssum rules to evolve with excitation energy. Moreover, to lowest order the slope of the secular evolution can be traced to a component of the Hamiltonian being positive (repulsive) or negative (attractive).« less

  19. Production of nitrogen from air

    SciTech Connect

    Hubbard, C.; Duckett, M.; Limb, D.I.

    1985-01-29

    In the single column process for the recovery of nitrogen from air wherein reflux for the distillation is provided by condensing a first portion of the overhead stream by indirect heat exchange in a reflux condenser with oxygen-rich liquid from the bottom of the column which has been subjected to a first expansion to an intermediate pressure, refrigeration for the process is provided by work expanding evaporated oxygen-rich liquid from the reflux condenser, and prior to said first expansion, the oxygen-rich liquid recovered from the bottom of the column is sub-cooled by indirect heat exchange in a sub-cooler with the work-expanded evaporated oxygen-rich liquid, nitrogen recovery is increased by work expanding the evaporated oxygen-rich liquid at a temperature not substantially greater than that at which it is recovered from the reflux condenser or by first passing it through said sub-cooler at a temperature not substantially greater than that at which it is recovered from the reflux condenser and thereafter work-expanding it at a temperature not substantially greater than that at which it is recovered from the sub-cooler, and feeding the work-expanded evaporated oxygen-rich liquid directly to the sub-cooler.

  20. Notices and Rules Related to Federal Energy Management

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) issues notices and rules related to federal energy management.

  1. Google Rules of Behavior Form | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Google Rules of Behavior Form Google Rules of Behavior Form Google Rules of Behavior Form Google Drive for Work Rules of Behavior Form (46.01 KB) More Documents & Publications Audit Report: DOE-OIG-16-12 April 2014 Cybersecurity Awareness Campaign - Malware Front Burner - Issue 16

  2. Java implementation of Class Association Rule algorithms

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2007-08-30

    Java implementation of three Class Association Rule mining algorithms, NETCAR, CARapriori, and clustering based rule mining. NETCAR algorithm is a novel algorithm developed by Makio Tamura. The algorithm is discussed in a paper: UCRL-JRNL-232466-DRAFT, and would be published in a peer review scientific journal. The software is used to extract combinations of genes relevant with a phenotype from a phylogenetic profile and a phenotype profile. The phylogenetic profiles is represented by a binary matrix andmore » a phenotype profile is represented by a binary vector. The present application of this software will be in genome analysis, however, it could be applied more generally.« less

  3. Collegiate Wind Competition 2014 Rules and Regulations | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Collegiate Wind Competition 2014 Rules and Regulations Collegiate Wind Competition 2014 Rules and Regulations This document outlines the rules and regulations for the inaugural Collegiate Wind Competition in 2014. U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind Competition 2014 Rules and Regulations (1.62 MB) More Documents & Publications U.S. Department of Energy 2017 Collegiate Wind Competition Technical Challenge Rules and Requirements U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind

  4. Regulations.gov - Proposed Rule Document | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Regulations.gov - Proposed Rule Document Regulations.gov - Proposed Rule Document In response to your phone call and e-mail below the proposed rule that you reference below regarding energy efficiency standards for manufactured housing has not been issued yet by the Department of Energy (DOE) and therefore we are still in the process of drafting a proposed rule and any necessary definitions. Proposed Rule Email (197.68 KB) More Documents & Publications ISSUANCE 2015-02-04: Energy

  5. SunShot Prize Competition Rules | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Competition Rules SunShot Prize Competition Rules This document provides the SunShot Prize competition rules updated on July 20, 2015 by the SunShot Initiative. SunShot Prize Official Rules July 2015.pdf (1.19 MB) More Documents & Publications SunShot Prize Frequently Asked Questions SunShot Prize Race to 7-Day Solar SunShot Catalyst Prize Rules

  6. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Issues Statement on Clean...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today issued the following statement regarding the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) released by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): ...

  7. Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy Rules

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    DOE provides safety requirements and guidance in a number of forms. One form in which we publish requirements is through rulemaking. Federal rules and regulations are published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and are noticed for review and comment by members of the public in the Federal Register (FR) consistent with the Administrative Procedures Act.

  8. The Nitrogen-Nitride Anode.

    SciTech Connect

    Delnick, Frank M.

    2014-10-01

    Nitrogen gas N 2 can be reduced to nitride N -3 in molten LiCl-KCl eutectic salt electrolyte. However, the direct oxidation of N -3 back to N 2 is kinetically slow and only occurs at high overvoltage. The overvoltage for N -3 oxidation can be eliminated by coordinating the N -3 with BN to form the dinitridoborate (BN 2 -3 ) anion which forms a 1-D conjugated linear inorganic polymer with -Li-N-B-N- repeating units. This polymer precipitates out of solution as Li 3 BN 2 which becomes a metallic conductor upon delithiation. Li 3 BN 2 is oxidized to Li + + N 2 + BN at about the N 2 /N -3 redox potential with very little overvoltage. In this report we evaluate the N 2 /N -3 redox couple as a battery anode for energy storage.

  9. INSENSITIVE HIGH-NITROGEN COMPOUNDS

    SciTech Connect

    D. CHAVEZ; ET AL

    2001-03-01

    The conventional approach to developing energetic molecules is to chemically place one or more nitro groups onto a carbon skeleton, which is why the term ''nitration'' is synonymous to explosives preparation. The nitro group carries the oxygen that reacts with the skeletal carbon and hydrogen fuels, which in turn produces the heat and gaseous reaction products necessary for driving an explosive shock. These nitro-containing energetic molecules typically have heats of formation near zero and therefore most of the released energy is derived from the combustion process. Our investigation of the tetrazine, furazan and tetrazole ring systems has offered a different approach to explosives development, where a significant amount of the chemical potential energy is derived from their large positive heats of formation. Because these compounds often contain a large percentage of nitrogen atoms, they are usually regarded as high-nitrogen fuels or explosives. A general artifact of these high-nitrogen compounds is that they are less sensitive to initiation (e.g. by impact) when compared to traditional nitro-containing explosives of similar performances. Using the precursor, 3,6-bis-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-s-tetrazine, several useful energetic compounds based on the s-tetrazine system have been synthesized and studied. Some of the first compounds are 3,6-diamino-s-tetrazine-1,4-dioxide (LAX-112) and 3,6-dihydrazino-s-tetrazine (DHT). LAX-112 was once extensively studied as an insensitive explosive by Los Alamos; DHT is an example of a high-nitrogen explosive that relies entirely on its heat of formation for sustaining a detonation. Recent synthesis efforts have yielded an azo-s-tetrazine, 3,3'-azobis(6-amino-s-tetrazine) or DAAT, which has a very high positive heat of formation. The compounds, 4,4'-diamino-3,3'-azoxyfurazan (DAAF) and 4,4'-diamino-3,3'-azofurazan (DAAzF), may have important future roles in insensitive explosive applications. Neither DAAF nor DAAzF can be

  10. Weldability of nitrogen-enhanced HSLA steels

    SciTech Connect

    Liao, F.C.; Liu, S.; Olson, D.L.

    1993-12-31

    Light microscopy, electron microscopy and Charpy-V-Notch (CVN) testing were used to characterize two Ti-V microalloyed steels which contained 130 and 30 ppm of nitrogen with respect to weldability. Particular emphasis has been placed on the understanding of the heat input-microstructure-toughness relationship in the high nitrogen HSLA steel. Within the 1 to 3 kJ/mm heat input range, the high nitrogen steel exhibited coarse grained heat affected zone (CGHAZ) toughness superior to that of the low nitrogen steel. The transition temperatures (measured at 50 ft-lb impact energy) were, in average, 15 to 60 C lower than those presented by the low nitrogen steel. Quantitative metallography results showed that high nitrogen steel CGHAZs have smaller austenite grain size and larger amount of grain boundary ferrite. Combining the microstructural information and toughness data, it was concluded that for the high nitrogen steel to exhibit superior properties than the low nitrogen steel, the final HAZ microstructure must contain at least 60% of lathy (bainitic) phases, balanced with ferritic products.

  11. Mathematical Deductions from Some Rules Concerning High-Energy Total Cross Sections

    DOE R&D Accomplishments

    Yang, C. N.

    1962-07-23

    Mathematical implications of the Pomeranchuk rule and the Pomeranchuk- Okun rule are discussed. (auth)

  12. Montana Rule 36.25.1 Surface Management Rules | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    36.25.1 Surface Management RulesLegal Abstract Montana regulation governing the administration of state surface land Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal Citation...

  13. Eighth international congress on nitrogen fixation. Final program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    This volume contains the proceedings of the Eighth International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation held May 20--26, 1990 in Knoxville, Tennessee. The volume contains abstracts of individual presentations. Sessions were entitled Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Nitrogen Fixation, Plant-microbe Interactions, Limiting Factors of Nitrogen Fixation, Nitrogen Fixation and the Environment, Bacterial Systems, Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture and Industry, Plant Function, and Nitrogen Fixation and Evolution.

  14. Nitrogen Control in Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking by Direct...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Nitrogen Control in Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking by Direct Reduced Iron Fines Injection Nitrogen Control in Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking by Direct Reduced Iron Fines ...

  15. Worldwide organic soil carbon and nitrogen data (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Worldwide organic soil carbon and nitrogen data Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Worldwide organic soil carbon and nitrogen data You are accessing a document from the ...

  16. Process for separating nitrogen from methane using microchannel...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Process for separating nitrogen from methane using microchannel process technology Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Process for separating nitrogen from methane using ...

  17. Scaling Rules for Pre-Injector Design

    SciTech Connect

    Tom Schwarz; Dan Amidei

    2003-07-13

    Proposed designs of the prebunching system of the NLC and TESLA are based on the assumption that scaling the SLC design to NLC/TESLA requirements should provide the desired performance. A simple equation is developed to suggest a scaling rule in terms of bunch charge and duration. Detailed simulations of prebunching systems scaled from a single design have been run to investigate these issues.

  18. Utilities respond to nuclear station blackout rule

    SciTech Connect

    Rubin, A.M.; Beasley, B.; Tenera, L.P

    1990-02-01

    The authors discuss how nuclear plants in the United States have taken actions to respond to the NRC Station Blackout Rule, 10CFR50.63. The rule requires that each light water cooled nuclear power plant licensed to operate must be able to withstand for a specified duration and recover from a station blackout. Station blackout is defined as the complete loss of a-c power to the essential and non-essential switch-gear buses in a nuclear power plant. A station blackout results from the loss of all off-site power as well as the on-site emergency a-c power system. There are two basic approaches to meeting the station blackout rule. One is to cope with a station blackout independent of a-c power. Coping, as it is called, means the ability of a plant to achieve and maintain a safe shutdown condition. The second approach is to provide an alternate a-c power source (AAC).

  19. Ames Laboratory Network Rules of Behavior | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ames Laboratory Network Rules of Behavior Version Number: 6.0 Document Number: Form 48400.019 Effective Date: 07/2015 File (public): PDF icon Form 48400.019 Rev 6 Network Rules of Behavior (with signature lines)

  20. DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure...

    Energy Saver

    Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure January 3, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis The Department of Energy ...

  1. New 'Design Rule' Paves Way for Nature-Inspired Nanostructures

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The scientists discovered a design rule that enables a recently created material to exist. ... The design rule controls the way in which polymers adjoin to form the backbones that run ...

  2. Wyoming Rules of Civil Procedure | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Rules of Civil Procedure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Wyoming Rules of Civil ProcedureLegal Abstract...

  3. Nevada Rules of Civil Procedure | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Civil Procedure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Nevada Rules of Civil ProcedureLegal Abstract These rules...

  4. Idaho Rules of Civil Procedure | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Rules of Civil Procedure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Idaho Rules of Civil ProcedureLegal Published NA...

  5. WAC - 220-110 - Hydraulic Code Rules | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    0-110 - Hydraulic Code Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: WAC - 220-110 - Hydraulic Code RulesLegal...

  6. Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money November 8, 2013 - 11:59am Addthis The Jackson County Welcome Center in Moss ...

  7. SEP Success Story: Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money SEP Success Story: Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money November 8, 2013 - 9:52am Addthis The Jackson County ...

  8. Montana Air Quality Program Laws & Rules Webpage | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Air Quality Program Laws & Rules Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Air Quality Program Laws & Rules Webpage Abstract...

  9. EPA Clean Water Rule Website | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Water Rule Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Clean Water Rule Website Abstract EPA's webpage tracking implementation of...

  10. Colorado Parks and Wildlife Rules and Regulations | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Rules and Regulations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Colorado Parks and Wildlife Rules and Regulations Abstract This web page lists...

  11. RRC - Summary of Injection Control Rules | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Summary of Injection Control Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: RRC - Summary of Injection Control Rules Abstract This webpage...

  12. Ames Laboratory Network Rules of Behavior | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Network Rules of Behavior Version Number: 6.0 Document Number: Form 48400.019 Effective Date: 072015 File (public): PDF icon Form 48400.019 Rev 6 Network Rules of Behavior (CT)...

  13. Vermont Public Service Board Rule | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Public Service Board Rule Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Vermont Public Service Board RuleLegal Abstract...

  14. Public Comment Received on Proposed Revisions to DOE's NEPA Rule...

    Energy Saver

    Public Comment Received on Proposed Revisions to DOE's NEPA Rule: 10 CFR Part 1021 Public Comment Received on Proposed Revisions to DOE's NEPA Rule: 10 CFR Part 1021 Public Comment...

  15. DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has published a final rule regarding test procedures for residential furnace fans.

  16. Federal Register Notice, CBDPP Final Rule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Federal Register Notice, CBDPP Final Rule Federal Register Notice, CBDPP Final Rule December 8, 1999 Federal Register Notice, Final rule for 10 CFR part 850, CBDPP The Department of Energy (DOE) published a final rule to establish a chronic beryllium disease prevention program (CBDPP) to reduce the number of workers currently exposed to beryllium in the course of their work at DOE facilities managed by DOE or its contractors, minimize the levels of, and potential for, exposure to beryllium, and

  17. Energy Conservation Program: Final Rule; Test Procedures for Ceiling Fans |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Final Rule; Test Procedures for Ceiling Fans Energy Conservation Program: Final Rule; Test Procedures for Ceiling Fans Ceiling Fans TP Final_Rule (601.19 KB) More Documents & Publications Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans ISSUANCE 2015-05-26: Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Ceiling Fans, Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rule 2014-09-19 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedure

  18. Draft Environmental Assessment for Proposed Rule, 10 CFR Part 433 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Draft Environmental Assessment for Proposed Rule, 10 CFR Part 433 Draft Environmental Assessment for Proposed Rule, 10 CFR Part 433 Document details a the draft environmental assessment for proposed rule 10 CFR Part 433, Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings Download the draft environmental assessment for proposed rule

  19. Energy Conservation Program: Final Rule; Test Procedures for...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Ceiling Fans TP FinalRule (601.19 KB) More Documents & Publications Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards

  20. Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency Rules |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency Rules Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency Rules November 8, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis Mississippi Public Service Commission (PSC) approved new energy efficiency rules for electric and natural gas utility companies to offer customers several pathways to increase energy efficiency. According to the PSC, the rules could potentially save the state's consumers $2.3 billion by 2034 and

  1. OSHA's Final Rule on Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Silica Presentation slides | Department of Energy OSHA's Final Rule on Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica Presentation slides OSHA's Final Rule on Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica Presentation slides May 12, 2016 David O'Connor's presentation of OSHA's Final Rule on Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica held during DOE's VTC/WebEx on May 12, 2016. OSHA's Final Rule on Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica

  2. DOE Adopts Rules to Improve Energy Efficiency Enforcement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Adopts Rules to Improve Energy Efficiency Enforcement DOE Adopts Rules to Improve Energy Efficiency Enforcement February 7, 2011 - 5:50pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy adopted final rules to improve the enforcement of DOE's efficiency requirements for appliances, lighting and other products. Overhauling the certification and enforcement process, the new rules are designed to encourage compliance and prevent manufacturers who break the law from gaining a competitive advantage

  3. Test Procedure for Compact Fluorescent Lamps: Final Rule | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Procedure for Compact Fluorescent Lamps: Final Rule Test Procedure for Compact Fluorescent Lamps: Final Rule This final rule amends the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) test procedures for medium base compact fluorescent lamps (MBCFLs) and adopts test procedures for new metrics for all CFLs including hybrid CFLs and CFLs with bases other than medium screw base. In this final rule, DOE replaces references to ENERGY STAR® testing requirements with references to the latest versions of

  4. Transgenic plants that exhibit enhanced nitrogen assimilation

    DOEpatents

    Coruzzi, Gloria M.; Brears, Timothy

    2000-01-01

    The present invention relates to a method for producing plants with improved agronomic and nutritional traits. Such traits include enhanced nitrogen assimilatory and utilization capacities, faster and more vigorous growth, greater vegetative and reproductive yields, and enriched or altered nitrogen content in vegetative and reproductive parts. More particularly, the invention relates to the engineering of plants modified to have altered expression of key enzymes in the nitrogen assimilation and utilization pathways. In one embodiment of the present invention, the desired altered expression is accomplished by engineering the plant for ectopic overexpression of one of more the native or modified nitrogen assimilatory enzymes. The invention also has a number of other embodiments, all of which are disclosed herein.

  5. Transgenic plants that exhibit enhanced nitrogen assimilation

    DOEpatents

    Coruzzi, Gloria M.; Brears, Timothy

    1999-01-01

    The present invention relates to a method for producing plants with improved agronomic and nutritional traits. Such traits include enhanced nitrogen assimilatory and utilization capacities, faster and more vigorous growth, greater vegetative and reproductive yields, and enriched or altered nitrogen content in vegetative and reproductive parts. More particularly, the invention relates to the engineering of plants modified to have altered expression of key enzymes in the nitrogen assimilation and utilization pathways. In one embodiment of the present invention, the desired altered expression is accomplished by engineering the plant for ectopic overexpression of one of more the native or modified nitrogen assimilatory enzymes. The invention also has a number of other embodiments, all of which are disclosed herein.

  6. Transgenic plants that exhibit enhanced nitrogen assimilation

    DOEpatents

    Coruzzi, Gloria M.; Brears, Timothy

    2005-03-08

    The present invention relates to a method for producing plants with improved agronomic and nutritional traits. Such traits include enhanced nitrogen assimilatory and utilization capacities, faster and more vigorous growth, greater vegetative and reproductive yields, and enriched or altered nitrogen content in vegetative and reproductive parts. More particularly, the invention relates to the engineering of plants modified to have altered expression of key enzymes in the nitrogen assimilation and utilization pathways. In one embodiment of the present invention, the desired altered expression is accomplished by engineering the plant for ectopic overexpression of one of more the native or modified nitrogen assimilatory enzymes. The invention also has a number of other embodiments, all of which are disclosed herein.

  7. Philadelhia Gas Works (PGW) Doe Furnace Rule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Philadelhia Gas Works (PGW) Doe Furnace Rule Philadelhia Gas Works (PGW) Doe Furnace Rule DOE Furnace Rule (111.99 KB) More Documents & Publications Focus Series: Philadelphia Energyworks: In the City of Brotherly Love, Sharing Know-How Leads to Sustainability The Better Buildings Neighborhood View -- December 2013 Collaborating With Utilities on Residential Energy Efficiency

  8. Plant nitrogen regulatory P-PII genes

    DOEpatents

    Coruzzi, Gloria M.; Lam, Hon-Ming; Hsieh, Ming-Hsiun

    2001-01-01

    The present invention generally relates to plant nitrogen regulatory PII gene (hereinafter P-PII gene), a gene involved in regulating plant nitrogen metabolism. The invention provides P-PII nucleotide sequences, expression constructs comprising said nucleotide sequences, and host cells and plants having said constructs and, optionally expressing the P-PII gene from said constructs. The invention also provides substantially pure P-PII proteins. The P-PII nucleotide sequences and constructs of the

  9. Preparation of nitrogen-doped carbon tubes

    DOEpatents

    Chung, Hoon Taek; Zelenay, Piotr

    2015-12-22

    A method for synthesizing nitrogen-doped carbon tubes involves preparing a solution of cyanamide and a suitable transition metal-containing salt in a solvent, evaporating the solvent to form a solid, and pyrolyzing the solid under an inert atmosphere under conditions suitable for the production of nitrogen-doped carbon tubes from the solid. Pyrolyzing for a shorter period of time followed by rapid cooling resulted in a tubes with a narrower average diameter.

  10. Exceptions to DOE Rules and Regulations | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Exceptions to DOE Rules and Regulations Exceptions to DOE Rules and Regulations The Department of Energy (DOE) issues test procedures and regulations covering a number of products, but does provide for exceptions to these rules under certain circumstances. Any person, as defined by 10 CFR 1003.2, can apply to the DOE for an exception from a rule, regulation, or DOE action having the effect of a rule, as provided for in section 504 of 42 U.S.C. 7194 and codified in 10 CFR 1003 subpart B. The DOE

  11. DOE Furnace Rule Ex Parte Communication | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Furnace Rule Ex Parte Communication DOE Furnace Rule Ex Parte Communication Philadelphia Gas Works (POW), the largest municipally-owned gas utility in the United States, is concerned about the impact that a new furnace efficiency rule could have on POW, its customers, the City of Philadelphia and the air quality of this region. Doe Furnace Rule 9.23.14 (117.24 KB) DOE Furnace Rule SPH Affidavit May 2012 (144.47 KB) More Documents & Publications Consortium Participant List - Spreadsheet

  12. SunShot Catalyst Prize Rules | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Prize Rules SunShot Catalyst Prize Rules SunShot Catalyst is an open innovation program that aims to catalyze the rapid creation and development of products and solutions that address near-term challenges in the U.S. solar marketplace. This document details the rules for the contest. SunShot Catalyst Prize Rules - May 2015.pdf (591.46 KB) More Documents & Publications SunShot Catalyst Prize Rules SunShot Catalyst Demo Day 2015 Media Resources SunShot Prize Race to 7-Day Solar SunShot Prize

  13. Learning Lab Rules | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact education@anl.gov Learning Lab Safety Rules "Safety is the engine, you are the key that starts it." - Anonymous Argonne National Laboratory is an exceptional place with very unique facilities, tools, operated by scientists, engineers and many highly trained support staff. Argonne's goal is to push the boundaries of science and discovery. This is not an easy task! You as visitors have a special opportunity to see and to feel the science and scientific activities that occur every

  14. DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Articles DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure DOE Publishes Final Rule for Plumbing Products Test Procedures DOE Publishes Final Rule for Television...

  15. Court decision dropping toxic substance rules stands

    SciTech Connect

    Bryant, C.R.

    1993-06-01

    In a somewhat surprising move, the U.S. Department of Labor has decided not to appeal a court decision essentially dropping regulations established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for about 400 hazardous substances. The decision leaves unregulated or subject to reduced standards substances that range from carbon monoxide to perchloroethylene. The Labor Department had until March 22, 1993, to appeal the court decision. On July 8, 1992, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit overturned OSHA's final Air Contaminants Standard, which was promulgated in 1989. The standard established permissible exposure limits (PELs) for 428 toxic substances. In AFL-CIO vs. OSHA, the Court ruled that OSHA failed to make a separate scientific case for evaluating health risks of each chemical. Because of the decision not to appeal, PELs for more than half of the substances regulated by OSHA now are removed from the books or revert to the voluntary industry standards adopted by OSHA in 1970 and in force prior to the 1989 final rule.

  16. Does Planck really rule out monomial inflation?

    SciTech Connect

    Enqvist, Kari; Kar?iauskas, Mindaugas E-mail: mindaugas.karciauskas@helsinki.fi

    2014-02-01

    We consider the modifications of monomial chaotic inflation models due to radiative corrections induced by inflaton couplings to bosons and/or fermions necessary for reheating. To the lowest order, ignoring gravitational corrections and treating the inflaton as a classical background field, they are of the Coleman-Weinberg type and parametrized by the renormalization scale ?. In cosmology, there are not enough measurements to fix ? so that we end up with a family of models, each having a slightly different slope of the potential. We demonstrate by explicit calculation that within the family of chaotic ?{sup 2} models, some may be ruled out by Planck whereas some remain perfectly viable. In contrast, radiative corrections do not seem to help chaotic ?{sup 4} models to meet the Planck constraints.

  17. CAIRS Registration Form | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    More Documents & Publications ORPS User Registration Form Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 13, Controlled Unclassified Information Fire Protection System ...

  18. Publication of Final Rule for Department of Energy (DOE) Financial

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Assistance Regulations | Department of Energy Publication of Final Rule for Department of Energy (DOE) Financial Assistance Regulations Publication of Final Rule for Department of Energy (DOE) Financial Assistance Regulations PF2009-70.pdf (201.22 KB) More Documents & Publications Publication of Final Rule for Department of Energy (DOE) Financial Assistance Regulations Rescind Policy Flashes 2010-04 "Cease All Funding of the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now

  19. CONTRACTOR LEGAL MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS: APPLYING THE FINAL RULE TO

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EXISTING CONTRACTS | Department of Energy CONTRACTOR LEGAL MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS: APPLYING THE FINAL RULE TO EXISTING CONTRACTS CONTRACTOR LEGAL MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS: APPLYING THE FINAL RULE TO EXISTING CONTRACTS The Department issued a Final Rule revising the regulations covering contractor legal management requirements at 10 C.F.R. 719 (Federal Register May 3, 2013; http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-05-03/pdf/2013-10485.pdf). It requires Contracting Officers to attempt to execute

  20. Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Chuck Goldman (LBNL) & Rich Sedano (RAP). ICC Staff Workshop. Chicago, Illinois. November 6, 2006 Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois (107.23 KB) More Documents & Publications Developing an Evaluation Measurement and Verification Plan for Your Energy Efficiency Project/Program Benefits of

  1. Institutional Change Process Step 2: Assess Institutional Rules, Roles, and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Tools | Department of Energy 2: Assess Institutional Rules, Roles, and Tools Institutional Change Process Step 2: Assess Institutional Rules, Roles, and Tools Graphic of the Institutional Change Continuous Improvement Process gear. The steps begin with Determine Goals and move to Assess Institutional Rules, Roles and Tools then to Develop Action Plan then to Implement Plan then finally to Measure and Evaluate. The process begins again with Determine Goals. Determine Goals Develop Action Plan

  2. Code of Federal Regulations Occupational Radiation Protection; Final Rule |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Occupational Radiation Protection; Final Rule Code of Federal Regulations Occupational Radiation Protection; Final Rule The Department of Energy (DOE) is amending its primary standards for occupational radiation protection. This final rule is the culmination of a systematic analysis to identify the elements of a comprehensive radiation protection program and determine those elements of such a program that should be codified as DOE continues its transition from a system

  3. DOE Strengthens Rules Governing Worker Safety | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Rules Governing Worker Safety DOE Strengthens Rules Governing Worker Safety February 2, 2006 - 8:54am Addthis Washington, D.C. - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today announced regulations aimed at improving worker safety across the Department of Energy complex. This rule establishes a uniform set of standards that will require department-wide compliance and monetary fines for contractors who fail to apply these regulations. "This announcement marks a major step forward in protecting the

  4. Interim Final Rule and Request for Comments, Federal Register...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Document displays the interim final rule and request for comments for Energy Conservation Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings and ...

  5. Using Rules-Based Event Processing For Safeguards Monitoring...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Processing For Safeguards Monitoring System Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Using Rules-Based Event Processing For Safeguards Monitoring System No abstract prepared. ...

  6. DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    new rule adopting a common approach across various assistance programs. The Department's proposal, modeled on procedures used by the Department's Advanced Technology Vehicles...

  7. Vermont Construction and Operation of Net Metering Systems Rules...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    rule is applicable to all net metered installations in Vermont, and applies to every person, firm, company, corporation and municipality engaged in the construction or operation...

  8. Vermont Construction and Operation of Net Metering Systems Rule...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    rule is applicable to all net metered installations in Vermont, and applies to every person, firm, company, corporation and municipality engaged in the construction or operation...

  9. Montana Administrative Rules 17-20-924 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Montana Administrative Rules 17-20-924Legal Abstract Electric Transmission Lines, Economy Considerations Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2013 Legal Citation Not...

  10. Drilling for Geothermal Resources Rules - Idaho | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    - Idaho Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Reference: Drilling for Geothermal Resources Rules - Idaho Published Publisher Not Provided, Date Not...

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - Continued Storage Rule_Marissa Bailey

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Continued Storage Rule Marissa Bailey, Director Division of Fuel Cycle Safety, Safeguards, ... the term of the reactor operating license, reactor combined license, or ISFSI license. ...

  12. EERE Success Story-Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    final rule that requires verified energy and water performance for new and retrofitted federal buildings that are certified by private sector green building certification systems. ...

  13. Direct_Final_Rule_Bill.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    More Documents & Publications DOE Retrospective Review Plan Report May 2012 CONTRACTOR LEGAL MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS: FINAL RULE EA-1774-S1: Final Environmental Assessment and ...

  14. Montana Water Rights Bureau New Appropriations Rule | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: Montana Water Rights Bureau New Appropriations RulePermittingRegulatory GuidanceGuideHandbook...

  15. Regulation Identifier Number Title/Subject/Purpose Rule Type

    Energy Saver

    1991-AB82 Acquisition Regulation: Patents, Data, and Copyrights- The proposed rule updates, clarifies and streamlines text in certain DOE intellectual property and technology ...

  16. DOE Withdraws Interpretive Rule and Provides Enforcement Guidance on Showerheads

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department has withdrawn as unwarranted the draft interpretative rule setting out the Department's views on the definition of a "showerhead" for purposes of the water conservation standard...

  17. Hazardous Waste Generator Treatment Permit by Rule | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: Hazardous Waste Generator Treatment Permit by RulePermittingRegulatory GuidanceGuideHandbook...

  18. Vermont Underground Injection Control Rule | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Underground Injection Control Rule Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Vermont Underground Injection Control...

  19. Processing Exemptions to Nuclear Safety Rules and Approval of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE STANDARD PROCESSING EXEMPTIONS TO NUCLEAR SAFETY RULES AND APPROVAL OF ALTERNATIVE ... Page at http:energy.govehssservicesnuclear-safetydepartment-energy-technical- ...

  20. OSHA's Final Rule on Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    MB) More Documents & Publications Construction Safety Advisory Committee, Meeting Minutes - May 11, 2000 Federal Register Notice, CBDPP Final Rule Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology

  1. Rules and Regulations of the Industrial Siting Council, Chapter...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Industrial Siting Council, Chapter 1 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Rules and Regulations of the...

  2. DOE Publishes Final Rule for Plumbing Products Test Procedures

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy has published a final rule regarding test procedures for showerheads, faucets, water closets, urinals, and commercial prerinse spray valves.

  3. Final Rule on Amending Eligibility Provisions to Multifamily...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Final Rule on Amending Eligibility Provisions to Multifamily Buildings for the Weatherization Assistance Program U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and ...

  4. AMO Industrial Distributed Energy: Summary of EPA Final Rules...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air Toxic Standards for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional (ICI) Boilers and Process Heaters ICF International for U.S. Department of Energy...

  5. Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Final Rule...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Final Rule for changes to Parts 908, ... More Documents & Publications Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Technical ...

  6. Rules and Regulations of the Department of Transportation, Chapter...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of Transportation, Chapter 13 - Access FacilitiesLegal Abstract This chapter sets forth Department of Transportation rules and regulations governing access facilities....

  7. DOE Publishes Final Rule for Television Test Procedure | Department...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    DOE Publishes Final Rule for Plumbing Products Test Procedures DOE Publishes Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Regarding the Compliance Date for the Dehumidifier Test Procedure...

  8. DOE Issues Test Procedure Final Rule & Publishes Energy Conservation...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    issued a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures for electric motors. For more information, please visit the rulemaking page. Test Procedure: All...

  9. Liquid absorbent solutions for separating nitrogen from natural gas

    DOEpatents

    Friesen, Dwayne T.; Babcock, Walter C.; Edlund, David J.; Lyon, David K.; Miller, Warren K.

    2000-01-01

    Nitrogen-absorbing and -desorbing compositions, novel ligands and transition metal complexes, and methods of using the same, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas.

  10. Engineering shallow spins in diamond with nitrogen delta-doping...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Engineering shallow spins in diamond with nitrogen delta-doping We demonstrate nanometer-precision depth control of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center creation near the surface of ...

  11. Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 The behavior of the core hole...

  12. Cutting NOx from Diesel Engines with Membrane-Generated Nitrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cutting NOx from Diesel Engines with Membrane-Generated Nitrogen-Enriched Air Cutting NOx from Diesel Engines with Membrane-Generated Nitrogen-Enriched Air 2005 Diesel Engine ...

  13. Electrochemical process for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers

    DOEpatents

    Aulich, Ted R.; Olson, Edwin S.; Jiang, Junhua

    2013-03-19

    The present invention provides methods and apparatus for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers including ammonium nitrate, urea, urea-ammonium nitrate, and/or ammonia utilizing a source of carbon, a source of nitrogen, and/or a source of hydrogen. Implementing an electrolyte serving as ionic charge carrier, (1) ammonium nitrate is produced via the reduction of a nitrogen source at the cathode and the oxidation of a nitrogen source at the anode; (2) urea or its isomers are produced via the simultaneous cathodic reduction of a carbon source and a nitrogen source; (3) ammonia is produced via the reduction of nitrogen source at the cathode and the oxidation of a hydrogen source at the anode; and (4) urea-ammonium nitrate is produced via the simultaneous cathodic reduction of a carbon source and a nitrogen source, and anodic oxidation of a nitrogen source. The electrolyte can be solid.

  14. ARM: AOS: Oxides of Nitrogen Analyzer (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Hygroscopic growth; Inorganic chemical composition; Methane concentration; Nitrogen; Ozone; Ozone Concentration; Particle number concentration; Particle size distribution; Trace ...

  15. Institutional Change Process Step 2: Identify Rules, Roles, and Tools

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    After determining your institutional change sustainability goals, the next step is to analyze the context within which these goals are to be achieved. Start by identifying the organizational rules, roles, and tools that shape the current context and may influence success in achieving these goals. Identifying the linkages among rules, roles, and tools and how they interact will help in implementing solutions for success.

  16. Leutwyler-Smilga sum rules in the Schwinger model

    SciTech Connect

    Shifrin, L.; Verbaarschot, J. J. M.

    2007-02-27

    We outline the microscopic derivation of the subset of Leutwyler-Smilga spectral sum rules in the 2-dimensional Schwinger model. As a side result, we obtain an expression for the sum rule in any external gauge field, for an arbitrary topological sector. This result generalizes the one due to Smilga, and may in principle be checked in lattice simulations of the model.

  17. The limits on combining recursive horn rules with description logics

    SciTech Connect

    Levy, A.Y.; Rousset, M.C.

    1996-12-31

    Horn rule languages have formed the basis for many Artificial Intelligence application languages, but are not expressive enough to model domains with a rich hierarchical structure. Description logics have been designed especially to model rich hierarchies. Several applications would significantly benefit from combining the expressive power of both formalisms. This paper focuses on combining recursive function-free Horn rules with the expressive description logic ALCNR, and shows exactly when a hybrid language with decidable inference can be obtained. First, we show that several of the core constructors of description logics lead by themselves to undecidability of inference when combined with recursive function-free Horn rules. We then show that without these constructors we obtain a maximal subset of ALCNRR that yields a decidable hybrid language. Finally, we describe a restriction on the Horn rules that guarantees decidable inference when combined with all of ALCNR, and covers many of the common usages of recursive rules.

  18. Toward a mechanistic modeling of nitrogen limitation on vegetation dynamics

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, Chonggang [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Fisher, Rosie [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL; Wilson, Cathy [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Cai, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); McDowell, Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

    2012-01-01

    Nitrogen is a dominant regulator of vegetation dynamics, net primary production, and terrestrial carbon cycles; however, most ecosystem models use a rather simplistic relationship between leaf nitrogen content and photosynthetic capacity. Such an approach does not consider how patterns of nitrogen allocation may change with differences in light intensity, growing-season temperature and CO{sub 2} concentration. To account for this known variability in nitrogen-photosynthesis relationships, we develop a mechanistic nitrogen allocation model based on a trade-off of nitrogen allocated between growth and storage, and an optimization of nitrogen allocated among light capture, electron transport, carboxylation, and respiration. The developed model is able to predict the acclimation of photosynthetic capacity to changes in CO{sub 2} concentration, temperature, and radiation when evaluated against published data of V{sub c,max} (maximum carboxylation rate) and J{sub max} (maximum electron transport rate). A sensitivity analysis of the model for herbaceous plants, deciduous and evergreen trees implies that elevated CO{sub 2} concentrations lead to lower allocation of nitrogen to carboxylation but higher allocation to storage. Higher growing-season temperatures cause lower allocation of nitrogen to carboxylation, due to higher nitrogen requirements for light capture pigments and for storage. Lower levels of radiation have a much stronger effect on allocation of nitrogen to carboxylation for herbaceous plants than for trees, resulting from higher nitrogen requirements for light capture for herbaceous plants. As far as we know, this is the first model of complete nitrogen allocation that simultaneously considers nitrogen allocation to light capture, electron transport, carboxylation, respiration and storage, and the responses of each to altered environmental conditions. We expect this model could potentially improve our confidence in simulations of carbon-nitrogen interactions

  19. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Pub

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    required by both the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR)29 and the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR).30,31 Total electricity generation increases by 24% from 2013 to ...

  20. Nitrogen doping study in ingot niobium cavities

    SciTech Connect

    Dhakal, Pashupati; Ciovati, Gianluigi; Kneisel, Peter; Myneni, Ganapati Rao; Makita, Junki

    2015-09-01

    Thermal diffusion of nitrogen in niobium superconducting radio frequency cavities at temperature ~800 °C has resulted in the increase in quality factor with a low-field Q-rise extending to Bp > 90 mT. However, the maximum accelerating gradient of these doped cavities often deteriorates below the values achieved by standard treatments prior to doping. Here, we present the results of the measurements on ingot niobium cavities doped with nitrogen at 800 °C. The rf measurements were carried out after the successive electropolishing to remove small amount of material from the inner surface layer. The result showed higher breakdown field with lower quality factor as material removal increases.

  1. Plant nitrogen regulatory P-PII polypeptides

    DOEpatents

    Coruzzi, Gloria M.; Lam, Hon-Ming; Hsieh, Ming-Hsiun

    2004-11-23

    The present invention generally relates to plant nitrogen regulatory PII gene (hereinafter P-PII gene), a gene involved in regulating plant nitrogen metabolism. The invention provides P-PII nucleotide sequences, expression constructs comprising said nucleotide sequences, and host cells and plants having said constructs and, optionally expressing the P-PII gene from said constructs. The invention also provides substantially pure P-PII proteins. The P-PII nucleotide sequences and constructs of the invention may be used to engineer organisms to overexpress wild-type or mutant P-PII regulatory protein. Engineered plants that overexpress or underexpress P-PII regulatory protein may have increased nitrogen assimilation capacity. Engineered organisms may be used to produce P-PII proteins which, in turn, can be used for a variety of purposes including in vitro screening of herbicides. P-PII nucleotide sequences have additional uses as probes for isolating additional genomic clones having the promoters of P-PII gene. P-PII promoters are light- and/or sucrose-inducible and may be advantageously used in genetic engineering of plants.

  2. Nitrogen control of chloroplast differentiation. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, G.W.

    1998-05-01

    This project was directed toward understanding at the physiological, biochemical and molecular levels of how photosynthetic organisms adapt to long-term nitrogen-deficiency conditions is quite incomplete even though limitation of this nutrient is the most commonly restricts plant growth and development. For our work on this problem, the unicellular green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, was grown in continuous cultures in which steady-state levels of nitrogen can be precisely controlled. N-limited cells exhibit the classical symptoms of deficiency of this nutrient, chlorosis and slow growth rates, and respond to nitrogen provision by rapid greening and chloroplast differentiation. We have addressed three aspects of this problem: (1) the regulation of pigment synthesis; (2) control of expression of nuclear genes encoding photosynthetic proteins; (3) changes in metabolic and electron transport pathways that enable sustained CO{sub 2} fixation even though they cannot be readily converted into amino and nucleic acids. For the last, principle components are: (a) enhanced mitochondrial respiratory activity intimately associated with photosynthates, and (b) the occurrence in thylakoids of a supplemental electron transport pathway that facilitates reduction of the plastoquinone pool. Together, these distinguishing features of N-limited cells are likely to enable cell survival, especially under conditions of high irradiance stress.

  3. Nitrogen Deposition: A Component of Global Change Analyses

    SciTech Connect

    Norby, Richard J.

    1997-12-31

    The global cycles of carbon and nitrogen are being perturbed by human activities that increase the transfer from large pools of nonreactive forms of the elements to reactive forms that are essential to the functioning of the terrestrial biosphere. The cycles are closely linked at all scales, and global change analyses must consider carbon and nitrogen cycles together. The increasing amount of nitrogen originating from fossil fuel combustion and deposited to terrestrial ecosystems as nitrogen oxides could increase the capacity of ecosystems to sequester carbon thereby removing some of the excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and slowing the development of greenhouse warming. Several global and ecosystem models have calculated the amount of carbon sequestration that can be attributed to nitrogen deposition based on assumptions about the allocation of nitrogen among ecosystem components with different carbon-nitrogen ratios. They support the premise that nitrogen deposition is responsible for a an increasing terrestrial carbon sink since industrialization began, but there are large uncertainties related to the continued capacity of ecosystems to retain exogenous nitrogen. Whether terrestrial ecosystems continue to sequester additional carbon will depend in part on their response to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, which is widely thought to be constrained by limited nitrogen availability. Ecosystem models generally support the conclusion that the responses of ecosystems to increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide will be larger, and the range of possible responses will be wider, in ecosystems with increased nitrogen inputs originating as atmospheric deposition.

  4. Electrochemical process for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers

    DOEpatents

    Jiang, Junhua; Aulich, Ted R; Ignatchenko, Alexey V

    2015-04-14

    Methods and apparatus for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers including ammonium nitrate, urea, urea-ammonium nitrate, and/or ammonia are disclosed. Embodiments include (1) ammonium nitrate produced via the reduction of a nitrogen source at the cathode and the oxidation of a nitrogen source at the anode; (2) urea or its isomers produced via the simultaneous cathodic reduction of a carbon source and a nitrogen source: (3) ammonia produced via the reduction of nitrogen source at the cathode and the oxidation of a hydrogen source or a hydrogen equivalent such as carbon monoxide or a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen at the anode; and (4) urea-ammonium nitrate produced via the simultaneous cathodic reduction of a carbon source and a nitrogen source, and anodic oxidation of a nitrogen source.

  5. Spectral sum rules for the quark-gluon plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Romatschke, P.; Son, D. T.

    2009-09-15

    We derive sum rules involving the spectral density of the stress-energy tensor in N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory and pure Yang-Mills theory. The sum rules come from the hydrodynamic behavior at small momenta and the conformal (in the case of N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory) or asymptotically free (as for the pure Yang-Mills theory) behavior at large momenta. These sum rules may help constrain quark-gluon plasma transport coefficients obtained from lattice QCD.

  6. PUCT Substantive Rule 25.91 Generating Capacity Reports | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PUCT Substantive Rule 25.91 Generating Capacity Reports Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: PUCT Substantive...

  7. Public Utility Commission of Texas Substantive Rule 25.101...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Texas Substantive Rule 25.101(b) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Public Utility Commission of Texas...

  8. DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (57 Fed Reg 15122)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE revised the existing rule at 10 CFR part 1021, titled "Compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act," to incorporate revised provision of DOE's Guidelines for Implementing the Procedural Provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

  9. Separating Signal From Background Using Ensembles of Rules

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, J.H.; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

    2006-12-01

    Machine learning has emerged as a important tool for separating signal events from associated background in high energy particle physics experiments. This paper describes a new machine learning method based on ensembles of rules. Each rule consists of a conjuction of a small number of simple statements (''cuts'') concerning the values of individual input variables. These rule ensembles produce predictive accuracy comparable to the best methods. However their principal advantage lies in interpretation. Because of its simple form, each rule is easy to understand, as is its influence on the predictive model. Similarly, the degree of relevance of each of the respective input variables can be assessed. Graphical representations are presented that can be used to ascertain the dependence of the model jointly on the variables used for prediction.

  10. DOE Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy published a final rule establishing procedures under which a former employee of the executive branch may obtain approval to make communications to DOE solely for the...

  11. Rules and Directives applicable to Nuclear Facilities Oversight

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Rules and Directives Applicable to Nuclear Facilities Line Management Oversight June 11, 2012 DOE O 151.1C DOE G 151.1- 1A DOE G 151.1-2 thru -5 Comprehensive Emergency Management ...

  12. SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case FAC 56-Miscellaneous I. Women-Owned Small Business Program 2010-015 II. Proper Use and Management of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  13. FEDERAL ACQUISITION CIRCULAR 2005-56 SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case I. Women-Owned Small Business Program 2010-015 II. Proper Use and Management of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 2008-030 III....

  14. Montana Guide to the Streamside Management Zone Law & Rules Webpage...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guide to the Streamside Management Zone Law & Rules Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Guide to the Streamside Management...

  15. Wind Siting Rules and Model Small Wind Ordinance

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In September 2009, the Governor of Wisconsin signed S.B. 185 (Act 40) directing the Wisconsin Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish statewide wind energy siting rules. PSC Docket 1-AC-231...

  16. Rules and Regulations of the Board of Land Commissioners, Chapter...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Board of Land Commissioners, Chapter 3 - Easements Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Rules and Regulations of...

  17. Rules of Engagement for Exercise Players, March 12, 2007

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Rules of engagement (ROE) provide for control of an exercise while allowing maximum free play in a tactical setting and enable evaluators to objectively monitor a participant’s performance.

  18. Utah Rules of Appellate Procedure | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of Appellate Procedure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Utah Rules of Appellate ProcedureLegal Abstract...

  19. Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement and Efficient Building Design

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2014, EEREs Federal Energy Management Program issued a final rule that requires verified energy and water performance for new and retrofitted federal buildings that are certified by private...

  20. Community Renewables: Model Program Rules | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    IREC's model program rules address such issues as renewable system size, interconnection, ... Connecting-to-the-Grid-Guide-6th-edition.pdf Field Inspection Guidelines for PV Systems ...

  1. Duplex Rules June 2010 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of AlaskaAdjacent Arctic Ocean (ACRFNSAAAO) Duplex Rules Who can stay in the duplex? The rental for the duplex is paid out of the ACRFNSAAAO Site Manager's (SM's) Site ...

  2. Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the U.S. Customs and Border Protection ("CBP") and the U.S. Department of the Treasury issued a final rule last week that allows CBP to refuse admission into the customs territory ...

  3. Rules and Regulations for the Management and Control of Designated...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the Management and Control of Designated Ground Water Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Reference: Rules and Regulations for the Management and...

  4. EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in...

  5. PUCT Substantive Rule 25.109 - Registration of Power Generation...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PUCT Substantive Rule 25.109 - Registration of Power Generation Companies and Self-Generators Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  6. Montana Rule 17.20.2 Geothermal Investigation Reports | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Montana Rule 17.20.2 Geothermal Investigation ReportsLegal Abstract Montana regulation...

  7. Montana Public Water Supply Law and Rules Webpage | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Public Water Supply Law and Rules Webpage Abstract Provides overview of statutes and...

  8. Texas - PUC Substantive Rule 25.83 - Electric Service Providers...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Texas - PUC Substantive Rule 25.83 - Electric Service Providers-Records, Reports, and other...

  9. Characterizing the parallelism in rule-based expert systems

    SciTech Connect

    Douglass, R.J.

    1984-01-01

    A brief review of two classes of rule-based expert systems is presented, followed by a detailed analysis of potential sources of parallelism at the production or rule level, the subrule level (including match, select, and act parallelism), and at the search level (including AND, OR, and stream parallelism). The potential amount of parallelism from each source is discussed and characterized in terms of its granularity, inherent serial constraints, efficiency, speedup, dynamic behavior, and communication volume, frequency, and topology. Subrule parallelism will yield, at best, two- to tenfold speedup, and rule level parallelism will yield a modest speedup on the order of 5 to 10 times. Rule level can be combined with OR, AND, and stream parallelism in many instances to yield further parallel speedups.

  10. File:PUCT - Substantive Rules - 22.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    was last modified 08:28, 31 October 2012 Software used Acrobat PDFMaker 10.0 for Word Short title PROCEDURAL RULES Conversion program Adobe PDF Library 10.0 Encrypted no...

  11. THE EFFECTS OF INITIAL ABUNDANCES ON NITROGEN IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS

    SciTech Connect

    Schwarz, Kamber R.; Bergin, Edwin A.

    2014-12-20

    The dominant form of nitrogen provided to most solar system bodies is currently unknown, though available measurements show that the detected nitrogen in solar system rocks and ices is depleted with respect to solar abundances and the interstellar medium. We use a detailed chemical/physical model of the chemical evolution of a protoplanetary disk to explore the evolution and abundance of nitrogen-bearing molecules. Based on this model, we analyze how initial chemical abundances provided as either gas or ice during the early stages of disk formation influence which species become the dominant nitrogen bearers at later stages. We find that a disk with the majority of its initial nitrogen in either atomic or molecular nitrogen is later dominated by atomic and molecular nitrogen as well as NH{sub 3} and HCN ices, where the dominant species varies with disk radius. When nitrogen is initially in gaseous ammonia, it later becomes trapped in ammonia ice except in the outer disk where atomic nitrogen dominates. For a disk with the initial nitrogen in the form of ammonia ice, the nitrogen remains trapped in the ice as NH{sub 3} at later stages. The model in which most of the initial nitrogen is placed in atomic N best matches the ammonia abundances observed in comets. Furthermore, the initial state of nitrogen influences the abundance of N{sub 2}H{sup +}, which has been detected in protoplanetary disks. Strong N{sub 2}H{sup +} emission is found to be indicative of an N{sub 2} abundance greater than n{sub N{sub 2}}/n{sub H{sub 2}}>10{sup ?6} in addition to tracing the CO snow line. Our models also indicate that NO is potentially detectable, with lower N gas abundances leading to higher NO abundances.

  12. Final Rule (December 4, 2009) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    December 4, 2009) Final Rule (December 4, 2009) Loan Guarantees for Projects that Employ Innovative Technologies: On October 23, 2007, the Department of Energy published a final rule establishing regulations for the loan guarantee program authorized by Section 1703 of Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Section 1703 of Title XVII authorizes the Secretary of Energy to make loan guarantees for projects that "avoid, reduce, or sequester air pollutants or anthropogenic emissions of

  13. Charm and bottom hadronic form factors with QCD sum rules

    SciTech Connect

    Bracco, M. E.; Rodrigues, B. O.; Cerqueira, A. Jr.

    2013-03-25

    We present a brief review of some calculations of form factors and coupling constants in vertices with charm and bottom mesons in the framework of QCD sum rules. We first discuss the motivation for this work, describing possible applications of these form factors to charm and bottom decays processes. We first make a summarize of the QCD sum rules method. We give special attention to the uncertainties of the method introducing by the intrinsic variation of the parameters. Finally we conclude.

  14. Automatically generating Feynman rules for improved lattice field theories

    SciTech Connect

    Hart, A. . E-mail: a.hart@ed.ac.uk; Hippel, G.M. von; Horgan, R.R.; Storoni, L.C.

    2005-10-10

    Deriving the Feynman rules for lattice perturbation theory from actions and operators is complicated, especially when improvement terms are present. This physically important task is, however, suitable for automation. We describe a flexible algorithm for generating Feynman rules for a wide range of lattice field theories including gluons, relativistic fermions and heavy quarks. We also present an efficient implementation of this in a freely available, multi-platform programming language (PYTHON), optimised to deal with a wide class of lattice field theories.

  15. Worldwide organic soil carbon and nitrogen data

    SciTech Connect

    Zinke, P.J.; Stangenberger, A.G.; Post, W.M.; Emanual, W.R.; Olson, J.S.

    1986-09-01

    The objective of the research presented in this package was to identify data that could be used to estimate the size of the soil organic carbon pool under relatively undisturbed soil conditions. A subset of the data can be used to estimate amounts of soil carbon storage at equilibrium with natural soil-forming factors. The magnitude of soil properties so defined is a resulting nonequilibrium values for carbon storage. Variation in these values is due to differences in local and geographic soil-forming factors. Therefore, information is included on location, soil nitrogen content, climate, and vegetation along with carbon density and variation.

  16. Nitrogen oxides storage catalysts containing cobalt

    DOEpatents

    Lauterbach, Jochen; Snively, Christopher M.; Vijay, Rohit; Hendershot, Reed; Feist, Ben

    2010-10-12

    Nitrogen oxides (NO.sub.x) storage catalysts comprising cobalt and barium with a lean NO.sub.x storage ratio of 1.3 or greater. The NO.sub.x storage catalysts can be used to reduce NO.sub.x emissions from diesel or gas combustion engines by contacting the catalysts with the exhaust gas from the engines. The NO.sub.x storage catalysts can be one of the active components of a catalytic converter, which is used to treat exhaust gas from such engines.

  17. http://www.hss.doe.gov/csa/analysis/cairs/cairs/summary/oipds09

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    for Security Contractors Table 7 - Total DOE by Lead Program Office Table 8.1 - Data for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Table 8.2 - Data for: Office of Environmental...

  18. http://www.hss.doe.gov/csa/analysis/cairs/cairs/summary/oipds09

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Data for: Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Table 8.9 - Data for: Office of Science Table 8.10 - Data for: Other Headquarters Organizations InjuryIllness Selected ...

  19. New, stricter Pajarito Road access rules to go into effect Aug...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    New, stricter Pajarito Road access rules New, stricter Pajarito Road access rules to go into effect Aug. 12 Laboratory personnel and subcontractors will no longer be able to ...

  20. Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air Toxic Standards for Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air Toxic Standards for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional (ICI) Boilers and Process Heaters, February 2013 Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air ...

  1. WPN 10-15: Final Rule on Amending Eligibility Provisions to Multifamil...

    Energy Saver

    WPN 10-15: Final Rule on Amending Eligibility Provisions to Multifamily Buildings for the Weatherization Assistance Program WPN 10-15: Final Rule on Amending Eligibility Provisions...

  2. H.A.R. 11-200 - Environmental Impact Statement Rules | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    - Environmental Impact Statement RulesLegal Abstract This regulatory chapter sets forth the rules for environmental impact statements. Published NA Year Signed or Took...

  3. PROTOSOLAR AMMONIA AS THE UNIQUE SOURCE OF TITAN's NITROGEN

    SciTech Connect

    Mandt, Kathleen E.; Mousis, Olivier; Gautier, Daniel

    2014-06-20

    The origin of Titan's nitrogen-rich atmosphere is thought to be ammonia ice, but this has not yet been confirmed. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether the building blocks of Titan formed within the Saturnian subnebula or in the colder protosolar nebula (PSN). Recent measurements of the nitrogen isotope ratio in cometary ammonia, combined with evolutionary constraints on the nitrogen isotopes in Titan's atmosphere provide firm evidence that the nitrogen in Titan's atmosphere must have originated as ammonia ice formed in the PSN under conditions similar to that of cometary formation. This result has important implications for the projected D/H ratio in cometary methane, nitrogen isotopic fractionation in the PSN and the source of nitrogen for Earth's atmosphere.

  4. Evidence of the Meyer-Neldel Rule in InGaAsN Alloys: Consequences for Photovoltaic Materials; Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Johnston, S. W.; Crandall, R. S.

    2003-04-01

    We present data showing the potential adverse effects on photovoltaic device performance of all traps in InGaAsN. Deep-level transient spectroscopy measurements were performed on InGaAsN samples grown by both metal-organic chemical vapor deposition and RF plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy. For each growth technique, we studied samples with varying nitrogen composition ranging from 0% to 2.2%. A deep hole trap with activation energy ranging between 0.5 and 0.8 eV is observed in all samples. These data clearly obey the Meyer-Neldel rule, which states that all traps have the same emission rate at the isokinetic temperature. A fit of our trap data gives an isokinetic temperature of 350 K, which means that both deep and shallow traps emit slowly at the operating temperature of solar cells-thus, the traps can be recombination centers.

  5. Fixation of nitrogen in the presence of water vapor

    DOEpatents

    Harteck, Paul

    1984-01-01

    A process for the fixation of nitrogen is disclosed which comprises combining a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, metal oxide and water vapor, initially heating the combination to initiate a reaction which forms nitrate, but at a temperature and pressure range below the dissociation pressure of the nitrate. With or without the water component, the yield of fixed nitrogen is increased by the use of a Linde Molecular Sieve Catalyst.

  6. Nitrogen removal from natural gas using two types of membranes

    DOEpatents

    Baker, Richard W.; Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A.; Wijmans, Johannes G.; Da Costa, Andre R.

    2003-10-07

    A process for treating natural gas or other methane-rich gas to remove excess nitrogen. The invention relies on two-stage membrane separation, using methane-selective membranes for the first stage and nitrogen-selective membranes for the second stage. The process enables the nitrogen content of the gas to be substantially reduced, without requiring the membranes to be operated at very low temperatures.

  7. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Robust Nitrogen

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    oxide/Ammonia Sensors for Vehicle on-board Emissions Control | Department of Energy Robust Nitrogen oxide/Ammonia Sensors for Vehicle on-board Emissions Control Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Robust Nitrogen oxide/Ammonia Sensors for Vehicle on-board Emissions Control Presentation given by Los Alamos National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about robust nitrogen

  8. Continuous improvement in nitrogen rejection unit design

    SciTech Connect

    O`Brien, J.V.; Maloney, J.J.

    1997-12-31

    The design and fabrication of Nitrogen Rejection Units (NRU) has advanced considerably over the past 15 years. Improvements have been made in all aspects of producing an NRU plant and cold box. This paper presents the primary areas involved that have seen these improvements. (1) Process design: the two-column process has been superseded by an approach which utilizes multiple flash drums and one column. This leads to a smaller and lower cost cold box. With low nitrogen content feeds, the prefractionater recovers half the methane as a high pressure residue gas and reduces the cold box size. (2) Mechanical Design: improved software enables the design process to be more accurate, eliminate piping and equipment interferences, reduce the size of the box and save design time. (3) Manufacturing: the interfacing of the 3D software design tools and the manufacturing process enables the shop floor personnel to reduce the manufacturing time by 10%. All of these individual improvements have reduced the real cost of an NRU substantially over the past 15 years.

  9. Method and apparatus for nitrogen oxide determination

    DOEpatents

    Hohorst, Frederick A.

    1990-01-01

    Method and apparatus for determining nitrogen oxide content in a high temperature process gas, which involves withdrawing a sample portion of a high temperature gas containing nitrogen oxide from a source to be analyzed. The sample portion is passed through a restrictive flow conduit, which may be a capillary or a restriction orifice. The restrictive flow conduit is heated to a temperature sufficient to maintain the flowing sample portion at an elevated temperature at least as great as the temperature of the high temperature gas source, to thereby provide that deposition of ammonium nitrate within the restrictive flow conduit cannot occur. The sample portion is then drawn into an aspirator device. A heated motive gas is passed to the aspirator device at a temperature at least as great as the temperature of the high temperature gas source. The motive gas is passed through the nozzle of the aspirator device under conditions sufficient to aspirate the heated sample portion through the restrictive flow conduit and produce a mixture of the sample portion in the motive gas at a dilution of the sample portion sufficient to provide that deposition of ammonium nitrate from the mixture cannot occur at reduced temperature. A portion of the cooled dilute mixture is then passed to analytical means capable of detecting nitric oxide.

  10. Mechanism of Enhanced Carbon Cathode Performance by Nitrogen...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Mechanism of Enhanced Carbon Cathode Performance by Nitrogen Doping in LithiumSulfur ... Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Mechanism of Enhanced Carbon Cathode ...

  11. Modifying the response of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells to nitrogen...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    70. annual meeting of the Federation of American Society for Experimental Biology, St. ... CELLS; GROWTH; NITROGEN MUSTARD; CALCIUM; CELL MEMBRANES; CHOLINE; LIPOSOMES; MICE; ...

  12. ITP Steel: Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ITP Steel: Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting Operations castingops.pdf (875.11 KB) More Documents & Publications Steel Industry Technology Roadmap ITP Steel: ...

  13. Raman spectroscopy in hot compressed hydrogen and nitrogen -...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Raman spectroscopy in hot compressed hydrogen and nitrogen - implications for the intramolecular potential Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Raman spectroscopy in hot...

  14. Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting Operations

    SciTech Connect

    2002-01-01

    Development of Models will Help Predict and Control Hydrogen and Nitrogen Levels in Electric Arc Furnace and Basic Oxygen Furnace Steelmaking

  15. Nitrogen-Doped Mesoporous Carbon Promoted Chemical Adsorption...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of High-Areal-Capacity Sulfur Cathode with Exceptional Cycling Stability for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Nitrogen-Doped Mesoporous Carbon ...

  16. Revenue Ruling 85-79: raising confusion to raise taxes

    SciTech Connect

    Westin, R.A.

    1986-03-01

    The Internal Revenue Service added confusion to the calculation of the net income limitation for the Windfall Profits Tax (WPT) in Revenue Ruling 85-79 and Private Letter Ruling 8406006, which appear to have no other purpose than to increase federal revenues. The result was to confuse the meaning of intangible drilling and development costs (IDC), the minimum and alternative minimum tax, and recapture of excess IDC as well. The ruling fragments identical concepts of IDC and costs for income and windfall profit tax purposes, which broadens the scope of the minimum and alternative minimum taxes without signaling that the converse tax burden of Section 1254 recapture has also narrowed. It also warps the concept of taxable income from the property. The situation calls for a withdrawal and new thinking to minimize dissonance in the tax law.

  17. Clean Air Mercury Rule (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications

    2009-01-01

    On February 8, 2008, a three-judge panel on the D.C. Circuit of the U.S. Court of Appeals issued a decision to vacate the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR). In its ruling, the panel cited the history of hazardous air pollutant regulation under Section 112 of the Clean Air Act (CAA). Section 112, as written by Congress, listed emitted mercury as a hazardous air pollutant that must be subject to regulation unless it can be proved harmless to public welfare and the environment. In 2000, the Environmental Protection Agency ruled that mercury was indeed hazardous and must be regulated under Section 112 and, therefore, subjected to the best available control technology for mitigation.

  18. Quantum probabilities from quantum entanglement: experimentally unpacking the Born rule

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Harris, Jérémie; Bouchard, Frédéric; Santamato, Enrico; Zurek, Wojciech H.; Boyd, Robert W.; Karimi, Ebrahim

    2016-05-11

    The Born rule, a foundational axiom used to deduce probabilities of events from wavefunctions, is indispensable in the everyday practice of quantum physics. It is also key in the quest to reconcile the ostensibly inconsistent laws of the quantum and classical realms, as it confers physical significance to reduced density matrices, the essential tools of decoherence theory. Following Bohr's Copenhagen interpretation, textbooks postulate the Born rule outright. But, recent attempts to derive it from other quantum principles have been successful, holding promise for simplifying and clarifying the quantum foundational bedrock. Moreover, a major family of derivations is based on envariance,more » a recently discovered symmetry of entangled quantum states. Here, we identify and experimentally test three premises central to these envariance-based derivations, thus demonstrating, in the microworld, the symmetries from which the Born rule is derived. Furthermore, we demonstrate envariance in a purely local quantum system, showing its independence from relativistic causality.« less

  19. Nitrogen oxide abatement by distributed fuel addition

    SciTech Connect

    Wendt, J.O.L.; Mereb, J.B.

    1991-09-20

    Reburning is examined as a means of NO{sub x} destruction in a 17 kW down-fired pulverized coal combustor. In reburning, a secondary fuel is introduced downstream of the primary flame to produce a reducing zone, favorable to NO destruction, and air is introduced further downstream to complete the combustion. Emphasis is on natural gas reburning and a bituminous coal primary flame. A parametric examination of reburning employing a statistical experimental design, is conducted, complemented by detailed experiments. Mechanisms governing the inter-conversion of nitrogenous species in the fuel rich reburn zone is explored. The effect of reburning on N{sub 2}O emissions, the effect of primary flame mode (premixed and diffusion) and the effect of distributing the reburning fuel, are also investigated.

  20. Spectroscopic detection of nitrogen concentrations in sagebrush

    SciTech Connect

    J. J. MITCHELL; N. F. GLENN; T.T. SANKEY; D. R. DERRYBERRY; R. C. HRUSKA; M. O. Anderson

    2012-07-01

    The ability to estimate foliar nitrogen (N) in semi-arid landscapes can yield information on nutritional status and improve our limited understanding of controls on canopy photosynthesis. We examined two spectroscopic methods for estimating sagebrush dried leaf and live shrub N content: first derivative reflectance (FDR) and continuum removal. Both methods used partial least squares (PLS) regression to select wavebands most significantly correlated with N concentrations in the samples. Sagebrush dried leaf spectra produced PLS models (R2 = 0.76–0.86) that could predict N concentrations within the dataset more accurately than PLS models generated from live shrub spectra (R2 = 0.41–0.63). Inclusion of wavelengths associated with leaf water in the FDR transformations appeared to improve regression results. Findings are encouraging and warrant further exploration into sagebrush reflectance spectra to characterize N concentrations.

  1. Catalyst for reduction of nitrogen oxides

    DOEpatents

    Ott, Kevin C.

    2010-04-06

    A Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalyst was prepared by slurry coating ZSM-5 zeolite onto a cordierite monolith, then subliming an iron salt onto the zeolite, calcining the monolith, and then dipping the monolith either into an aqueous solution of manganese nitrate and cerium nitrate and then calcining, or by similar treatment with separate solutions of manganese nitrate and cerium nitrate. The supported catalyst containing iron, manganese, and cerium showed 80 percent conversion at 113 degrees Celsius of a feed gas containing nitrogen oxides having 4 parts NO to one part NO.sub.2, about one equivalent ammonia, and excess oxygen; conversion improved to 94 percent at 147 degrees Celsius. N.sub.2O was not detected (detection limit: 0.6 percent N.sub.2O).

  2. Statement from Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz on Proposed New EPA Rules for Existing Power Plants

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz's statement on the EPA's proposed new rules for existing power plants.

  3. Electrochemical process for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers

    DOEpatents

    Aulich, Ted R.; Olson, Edwin S.; Jiang, Junhua

    2012-04-10

    The present invention provides methods and apparatus for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers including ammonium nitrate, urea, urea-ammonium nitrate, and/or ammonia, at low temperature and pressure, preferably at ambient temperature and pressure, utilizing a source of carbon, a source of nitrogen, and/or a source of hydrogen or hydrogen equivalent. Implementing an electrolyte serving as ionic charge carrier, (1) ammonium nitrate is produced via the reduction of a nitrogen source at the cathode and the oxidation of a nitrogen source at the anode; (2) urea or its isomers are produced via the simultaneous cathodic reduction of a carbon source and a nitrogen source; (3) ammonia is produced via the reduction of nitrogen source at the cathode and the oxidation of a hydrogen source or a hydrogen equivalent such as carbon monoxide or a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen at the anode; and (4) urea-ammonium nitrate is produced via the simultaneous cathodic reduction of a carbon source and a nitrogen source, and anodic oxidation of a nitrogen source. The electrolyte can be aqueous, non-aqueous, or solid.

  4. Nitrogen doped zinc oxide thin film

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Sonny X.

    2003-12-15

    To summarize, polycrystalline ZnO thin films were grown by reactive sputtering. Nitrogen was introduced into the films by reactive sputtering in an NO{sub 2} plasma or by N{sup +} implantation. All ZnO films grown show n-type conductivity. In unintentionally doped ZnO films, the n-type conductivities are attributed to Zn{sub i}, a native shallow donor. In NO{sub 2}-grown ZnO films, the n-type conductivity is attributed to (N{sub 2}){sub O}, a shallow double donor. In NO{sub 2}-grown ZnO films, 0.3 atomic % nitrogen was found to exist in the form of N{sub 2}O and N{sub 2}. Upon annealing, N{sub 2}O decomposes into N{sub 2} and O{sub 2}. In furnace-annealed samples N{sub 2} redistributes diffusively and forms gaseous N{sub 2} bubbles in the films. Unintentionally doped ZnO films were grown at different oxygen partial pressures. Zni was found to form even at oxygen-rich condition and led to n-type conductivity. N{sup +} implantation into unintentionally doped ZnO film deteriorates the crystallinity and optical properties and leads to higher electron concentration. The free electrons in the implanted films are attributed to the defects introduced by implantation and formation of (N{sub 2}){sub O} and Zni. Although today there is still no reliable means to produce good quality, stable p-type ZnO material, ZnO remains an attractive material with potential for high performance short wavelength optoelectronic devices. One may argue that gallium nitride was in a similar situation a decade ago. Although we did not obtain any p-type conductivity, we hope our research will provide a valuable reference to the literature.

  5. Clean Air Nonroad Diesel Rule (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications

    2005-01-01

    On June 29, 2004, the Environmental Protection Agency issued a comprehensive final rule regulating emissions from nonroad diesel engines and sulfur content in nonroad diesel fuel. The nonroad fuel market makes up more than 18% of the total distillate pool. The rule applies to new equipment covering a broad range of engine sizes, power ratings, and equipment types. There are currently about 6 million pieces of nonroad equipment operating in the United States, and more than 650,000 new units are sold each year.

  6. Process for separating nitrogen from methane using microchannel process technology

    DOEpatents

    Tonkovich, Anna Lee; Qiu, Dongming; Dritz, Terence Andrew; Neagle, Paul; Litt, Robert Dwayne; Arora, Ravi; Lamont, Michael Jay; Pagnotto, Kristina M.

    2007-07-31

    The disclosed invention relates to a process for separating methane or nitrogen from a fluid mixture comprising methane and nitrogen, the process comprising: (A) flowing the fluid mixture into a microchannel separator, the microchannel separator comprising a plurality of process microchannels containing a sorption medium, the fluid mixture being maintained in the microchannel separator until at least part of the methane or nitrogen is sorbed by the sorption medium, and removing non-sorbed parts of the fluid mixture from the microchannel separator; and (B) desorbing the methane or nitrogen from the sorption medium and removing the desorbed methane or nitrogen from the microchannel separator. The process is suitable for upgrading methane from coal mines, landfills, and other sub-quality sources.

  7. Removal of basic nitrogen compounds from hydrocarbon liquids

    DOEpatents

    Givens, Edwin N.; Hoover, David S.

    1985-01-01

    A method is provided for reducing the concentration of basic nitrogen compounds in hydrocarbonaceous feedstock fluids used in the refining industry by providing a solid particulate carbonaceous adsorbent/fuel material such as coal having active basic nitrogen complexing sites on the surface thereof and the coal with a hydrocarbonaceous feedstock containing basic nitrogen compounds to facilitate attraction of the basic nitrogen compounds to the complexing sites and the formation of complexes thereof on the surface of the coal. The adsorbent coal material and the complexes formed thereon are from the feedstock fluid to provide a hydrocarbonaceous fluid of reduced basic nitrogen compound concentration. The coal can then be used as fuel for boilers and the like.

  8. Safety evaluation for packaging (onsite) nitrogen trailers propane tanks

    SciTech Connect

    Ferrell, P.C.

    1998-01-28

    The purpose of the Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP) is the evaluation and authorization of the onsite transport of propane tanks that are mounted on the Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation Characterization Project`s nitrogen trailers. This SEP authorizes onsite transport of the nitrogen trailers, including the propane tanks, until May 31, 1998. The three nitrogen trailers (HO-64-4966, HO-64-4968, and HO-64-5170) are rated for 1,361 kg (30,000 lb) and are equipped with tandem axles and pintel hitches. Permanently mounted on each trailer is a 5,678 L (1,500 gal) cryogenic dewar that is filled with nitrogen, and a propane fired water bath vaporizer system, and a 454 L (1 20 gal) propane tank. The nitrogen trailer system is operated only when it is disconnected from the tow vehicle and is leveled and stabilized. When the trailers are transported, the propane tanks are isolated via closed supply valves.

  9. How new ozone particulate matter rules will affect fuel choices?

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, L.

    1998-07-01

    EPA, OTC and OTAG are all coming out with new air emissions rules for electric utility plants. The economic impact of these new rules is certain to be far-reaching and influence fuel choices, capital investments and electric plant dispatch decisions. Recent studies by Hill and Associates of these emerging rules and their economic impacts under deregulation indicate significant shifting of fuel choices and strong inter-regional wheeling of electricity. The author discusses the following: Which NERC regions fare best and worst under the combination of deregulation and the environmental rules? Whether just switching to cleaner coal will be enough for most coal plants? How coal usage is stimulated by electric utility deregulations? How electric utility mergers affect the economics of environmental compliance? Projections of future SO{sub 2} allowance prices. Why NO{sub x} allowance will likely follow a different price path then SO{sub 2} allowances? How coal prices are likely to respond to increased fuel switching? Which electric transmission bottlenecks are critical to environmental and economic dispatch?

  10. Controlling weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law

    SciTech Connect

    Tanzman, E.A.

    1995-08-08

    Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the improvement in international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. The emphasis in the phrase ``Cold War`` was on the word ``cold,`` and relations with the former Communist regimes are now ``warm`` by comparison. It is equally valid to consider what has happened to the word ``was` in this highly descriptive phrase. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of the last fifty years, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. Out of these military postures a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to controlling weapons,of mass destruction through the ``rule of law.`` Rawls wrote that ``legal system is a coercive order of public rules addressed to rational persons for the purpose of regulating their conduct and providing the framework for social cooperation. The regular and impartial administration of public rules, becomes the rule of law when applied to the legal system.`` Inparticular, Rawls identifies as part of this system of public rules those laws that aim to prevent free riders on the economic system and those that aim to correct such externalities as environmental pollution.``

  11. Multi-model mean nitrogen and sulfur deposition from the Atmospheric...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Multi-model mean nitrogen and sulfur deposition from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate ... Title: Multi-model mean nitrogen and sulfur deposition from the Atmospheric Chemistry and ...

  12. Nitrogen Oxides as a Chemistry Trap in Detonating Oxygen-Rich...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Nitrogen Oxides as a Chemistry Trap in Detonating Oxygen-Rich Materials Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Nitrogen Oxides as a Chemistry Trap in Detonating ...

  13. Removal of sulfur and nitrogen containing pollutants from discharge gases

    DOEpatents

    Joubert, James I.

    1986-01-01

    Oxides of sulfur and of nitrogen are removed from waste gases by reaction with an unsupported copper oxide powder to form copper sulfate. The resulting copper sulfate is dissolved in water to effect separation from insoluble mineral ash and dried to form solid copper sulfate pentahydrate. This solid sulfate is thermally decomposed to finely divided copper oxide powder with high specific surface area. The copper oxide powder is recycled into contact with the waste gases requiring cleanup. A reducing gas can be introduced to convert the oxide of nitrogen pollutants to nitrogen.

  14. Nitrogen-doped Graphene and Its Electrochemical Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Shao, Yuyan; Zhang, Sheng; Engelhard, Mark H.; Li, Guosheng; Shao, Guocheng; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun; Aksay, Ilhan A.; Lin, Yuehe

    2010-06-04

    Nitrogen-doped graphene (N-graphene) is obtained by exposing graphene to nitrogen plasma. N-graphene exhibits much higher electrocatalytic activity toward oxygen reduction and H2O2 reduction than graphene, and much higher durability and selectivity than the widely-used expensive Pt. The excellent electrochemical performance of N-graphene is attributed to nitrogen functional groups and the specific properties of graphene. This indicates that N-graphene is promising for applications in electrochemical energy devices (fuel cells, metal-air batteries) and biosensors.

  15. Nitrogen Trifluoride-Based Fluoride- Volatility Separations Process: Initial Studies

    SciTech Connect

    McNamara, Bruce K.; Scheele, Randall D.; Casella, Andrew M.; Kozelisky, Anne E.

    2011-09-28

    This document describes the results of our investigations on the potential use of nitrogen trifluoride as the fluorinating and oxidizing agent in fluoride volatility-based used nuclear fuel reprocessing. The conceptual process uses differences in reaction temperatures between nitrogen trifluoride and fuel constituents that produce volatile fluorides to achieve separations and recover valuable constituents. We provide results from our thermodynamic evaluations, thermo-analytical experiments, kinetic models, and provide a preliminary process flowsheet. The evaluations found that nitrogen trifluoride can effectively produce volatile fluorides at different temperatures dependent on the fuel constituent.

  16. Nitrogen dioxide and respiratory illnesses in infants

    SciTech Connect

    Samet, J.M.; Lambert, W.E.; Skipper, B.J.; Cushing, A.H.; Hunt, W.C.; Young, S.A.; McLaren, L.C.; Schwab, M.; Spengler, J.D. )

    1993-11-01

    Nitrogen dioxide is an oxidant gas that contaminates outdoor air and indoor air in homes with unvented gas appliances. A prospective cohort study was carried out to test the hypothesis that residential exposure to NO2 increases incidence and severity of respiratory illnesses during the first 18 months of life. A cohort of 1,205 healthy infants from homes without smokers was enrolled. The daily occurrence of respiratory symptoms and illnesses was reported by the mothers every 2 wk. Illnesses with wheezing or wet cough were classified as lower respiratory tract. Indoor NO2 concentrations were serially measured with passive samplers place in the subjects' bedrooms. In stratified analyses, illness incidence rates did not consistently increase with exposure to NO2 or stove type. In multivariate analyses that adjusted for potential confounding factors, odds ratios were not significantly elevated for current or lagged NO2 exposures, or stove type. Illness duration, a measure of illness severity, was not associated with NO2 exposure. The findings can be extended to homes with gas stoves in regions of the United States where the outdoor air is not heavily polluted by NO2.

  17. Mapping the location and configuration of nitrogen in diamond nanoparticles.

    SciTech Connect

    Barnard, A. S.; Sternberg, M.; Center for Nanoscale Materials; Univ. of Oxford

    2007-01-17

    Understanding how impurities such as nitrogen are included in diamond nanoparticles is expected to be important for use in future nanodevices, such as qubits for quantum computing. Most commercial diamond nanoparticles contain approximately 2-3% nitrogen, but it is difficult to determine experimentally whether it is located within the core or at the surface of the nanoparticles. Presented here are density functional tight-binding simulations examining the configuration and potential energy surface of substitutional nitrogen in diamond nanoparticles, directly comparing results of different sizes, shapes and surface chemistry. The results predict that nitrogen is metastable within the core of both hydrogenated and dehydrogenated particles, but that the binding energy, coordination and preferred location is dependent upon the structure of the nanoparticle as a whole.

  18. Nitrogen is a deep acceptor in ZnO

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Tarun, M. C.; Iqbal, M. Zafar; McCluskey, M. D.

    2011-04-14

    Zinc oxide is a promising material for blue and UV solid-state lighting devices, among other applications. Nitrogen has been regarded as a potential p-type dopant for ZnO. However, recent calculations indicate that nitrogen is a deep acceptor. This paper presents experimental evidence that nitrogen is, in fact, a deep acceptor and therefore cannot produce p-type ZnO. A broad photoluminescence (PL) emission band near 1.7 eV, with an excitation onset of ~2.2 eV, was observed, in agreement with the deep-acceptor model of the nitrogen defect. Thus the deep-acceptor behavior can be explained by the low energy of the ZnO valence bandmore » relative to the vacuum level.« less

  19. Structural and electronic properties of dense liquid and amorphous nitrogen

    SciTech Connect

    Boates, B; Bonev, S A

    2011-02-11

    We present first-principles calculations of the structural and electronic properties of liquid nitrogen in the pressure-temperature range of 0-200 GPa and 2000-6000 K. The molecular-polymerization and molecular-atomic liquid phase boundaries have been mapped over this region. We find the polymeric liquid to be metallic, similar to what has been reported for the higher-temperature atomic fluid. An explanation of the electronic properties is given based on the structure and bonding character of the transformed liquids. We discuss the structural and bonding differences between the polymeric liquid and insulating solid cubic-gauche nitrogen to explain the differences in their electronic properties. Furthermore, we discuss the mechanism responsible for charge transport in polymeric nitrogen systems to explain the conductivity of the polymeric fluid and the semi-conducting nature of low-temperature amorphous nitrogen.

  20. Observational studies of interstellar and solar-nebula nitrogen chemistry

    SciTech Connect

    Womack, M.P.

    1991-01-01

    Despite the high cosmic abundance of nitrogen, chemical models of nitrogen-bearing species in the interstellar medium and the primordial solar nebula have not been constrained significantly by observations. Essentially nothing is known about the abundance of the simplest and most stable nitrogen compound N{sub 2} in astronomical sources. Ion-molecule chemistry models of interstellar clouds predict molecular ions to be formed primarily in cold, quiescent gas. The only well-studied molecular ion in dense clouds, HCO{sup +}, is very abundant in regions of energetic outflow from young stars, contrary to model predictions. Therefore, observations of another molecular ion are needed to better understand ion-molecule models. Here the author presents millimeter-wave observations of N{sub 2}H{sup +} toward galactic molecular clouds. These data can provide constraints on both the nitrogen and ion-molecular chemistry in the interstellar medium.

  1. Nanodiamond-based nanostructures for coupling nitrogen-vacancy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... the PVP molecules can act as a natural surface ligand for as-grown nanoparticles ... ethanol and is degassed with dry nitrogen gas at 60 0C for 15 min, followed by the ...

  2. Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, Ho-Myung; Park, Jae Hoon; Gwak, Kyung Hyun; Choe, Kun Hyung

    2014-01-29

    Thermodynamic study is performed on nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas. In order to substantially increase the capacity, a Brayton refrigeration cycle with nitrogen expander was recently added to the cold end of the reputable propane pre-cooled mixed-refrigerant (C3-MR) process. Similar modifications with a nitrogen expander cycle are extensively investigated on a variety of cycle configurations. The existing and modified cycles are simulated with commercial process software (Aspen HYSYS) based on selected specifications. The results are compared in terms of thermodynamic efficiency, liquefaction capacity, and estimated size of heat exchangers. The combination of C3-MR with partial regeneration and pre-cooling of nitrogen expander cycle is recommended to have a great potential for high efficiency and large capacity.

  3. Substitutional Nitrogen in Nanodiamond and Bucky-Diamond Particles

    SciTech Connect

    Barnard, Amanda S.; Sternberg, Michael G.

    2005-09-15

    The inclusion of dopants (such as nitrogen) in diamond nanoparticles is expected to be important for use in future nanodevices, such as qubits for quantum computing. Although most commercial diamond nanoparticles contain a small fraction of nitrogen, it is still unclear whether it is located within the core or at the surface of the nanoparticle. Presented here are density functional tight binding simulations examining the configuration, potential energy surface, and electronic charge of substitutional nitrogen in nanodiamond and bucky-diamond particles. The results predict that nitrogen is likely to be positioned at the surface of both hydrogenated nanodiamond and (dehydrogenated) bucky-diamond, and that the coordination of the dopants within the particles is dependent upon the surface structure.

  4. Hydrogen and nitrogen control in ladle and casting operations

    SciTech Connect

    Fruehan, R. J.; Misra, Siddhartha

    2005-01-15

    In recent years there has been an increasing demand to reduce and control the amount of dissolved gases in steel. Hydrogen and nitrogen are two of the most important gases which when dissolved in liquid steel affect its properties significantly.

  5. Onsite-generated nitrogen for oil and gas well drilling

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-01

    New equipment that can generate gaseous nitrogen at the well site has been used successfully in a variety of oil and gas well drilling applications in the US and Canada, affording the many benefits of drilling with gas or air, while also eliminating the danger of downhole fires, and/or providing significant savings over delivered liquid nitrogen. The technology involves the use of a hollow fiber membrane polymer incorporated into a skid-mounted nitrogen production unit (NPU) designed for use in oilfield conditions. Generon Systems, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Co., fabricates the membrane fiber and other equipment for the NPUs. The equipment is exclusively marketed for Generon, for oil and gas applications, by Energy Technology Services Corp., of Englewood, Colorado. This paper reviews this equipment and its application to horizontal drilling. It also reviews the safety advantage of nitrogen in lost circulation zones.

  6. Amplification of subnanosecond nitrogen laser pulses in UV dyes

    SciTech Connect

    Au, M.; Rayner, D.M.; Malatesta, V.; Hackett, P.A.

    1982-12-01

    The performance of a short pulse netrogen laser system have been improved by replacing the subatmospheric TE nitrogen laser amplifier with a XV xenon chloride excimer pumped dye amplifier. (AIP)

  7. Recovery of nitrogen and light hydrocarbons from polyalkene purge gas

    DOEpatents

    Zwilling, Daniel Patrick; Golden, Timothy Christoph; Weist, Jr., Edward Landis; Ludwig, Keith Alan

    2003-06-10

    A method for the separation of a gas mixture comprises (a) obtaining a feed gas mixture comprising nitrogen and at least one hydrocarbon having two to six carbon atoms; (b) introducing the feed gas mixture at a temperature of about 60.degree. F. to about 105.degree. F. into an adsorbent bed containing adsorbent material which selectively adsorbs the hydrocarbon, and withdrawing from the adsorbent bed an effluent gas enriched in nitrogen; (c) discontinuing the flow of the feed gas mixture into the adsorbent bed and depressurizing the adsorbent bed by withdrawing depressurization gas therefrom; (d) purging the adsorbent bed by introducing a purge gas into the bed and withdrawing therefrom an effluent gas comprising the hydrocarbon, wherein the purge gas contains nitrogen at a concentration higher than that of the nitrogen in the feed gas mixture; (e) pressurizing the adsorbent bed by introducing pressurization gas into the bed; and (f) repeating (b) through (e) in a cyclic manner.

  8. Users view gas ruling: problems now, gains later

    SciTech Connect

    Hume, M.

    1985-05-20

    Although recent court decisions about natural gas carriage and discount sales programs may cause problems for users in the short term, in the long run they could provide open access on non-discriminatory terms. The programs will continue current operation until July, and the final impact of the decisions will depend upon the response of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to the court's nullification of its programs. A lapse before establishing new rules could be disruptive. Arguments that the programs boost pipeline profits and unfairly aid dual-fuel users led to the court decision. Refusal to transport gas could generate anti-trust suits against pipelines. FERC expects to issue final rules by the end of summer.

  9. Nearest neighbor rules PAC-approximate feedforward networks

    SciTech Connect

    Rao, N.S.V.

    1996-05-01

    The problem of function estimation using feedforward neural networks based on an indpendently and identically generated sample is addressed. The feedforward networks with a single hidden layer of 1/(1+{epsilon}{sup -{gamma}z}) units and bounded parameters are considered. It is shown that given a sufficiently large sample, a nearest neighbor rule approximates the best neural network such that the expected error is arbitrarily bounded with an arbitrary high probability. Result is extendible to other neural networks where the hidden units satisfy a suitable Lipschitz condition. A result of practical interest is that the problem of computing a neural network that approximates (in the above sense) the best possible one is computationally difficult, whereas a nearest neighbor rule is linear-time computable in terms of the sample size.

  10. Membrane-augmented cryogenic methane/nitrogen separation

    DOEpatents

    Lokhandwala, K.

    1997-07-15

    A membrane separation process is described which is combined with a cryogenic separation process for treating a gas stream containing methane, nitrogen and at least one other component. The membrane separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and the other component and rejecting nitrogen. The process is particularly useful in removing components such as water, carbon dioxide or C{sub +2} hydrocarbons that might otherwise freeze and plug the cryogenic equipment. 10 figs.

  11. Membrane-augmented cryogenic methane/nitrogen separation

    DOEpatents

    Lokhandwala, Kaaeid

    1997-01-01

    A membrane separation process combined with a cryogenic separation process for treating a gas stream containing methane, nitrogen and at least one other component. The membrane separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and the other component and rejecting nitrogen. The process is particularly useful in removing components such as water, carbon dioxide or C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons that might otherwise freeze and plug the cryogenic equipment.

  12. Entanglement generation of nitrogen-vacancy centers via coupling to

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    nanometer-sized resonators and a superconducting interference device (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Entanglement generation of nitrogen-vacancy centers via coupling to nanometer-sized resonators and a superconducting interference device Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Entanglement generation of nitrogen-vacancy centers via coupling to nanometer-sized resonators and a superconducting interference device We present a potential scheme to entangle negatively charged

  13. Fungi contribute critical but spatially varying roles in nitrogen and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    carbon cycling in acid mine drainage (Journal Article) | DOE PAGES Fungi contribute critical but spatially varying roles in nitrogen and carbon cycling in acid mine drainage Title: Fungi contribute critical but spatially varying roles in nitrogen and carbon cycling in acid mine drainage The ecosystem roles of fungi have been extensively studied by targeting one organism and/or biological process at a time, but the full metabolic potential of fungi has rarely been captured in an environmental

  14. DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 36222) |

    Energy Saver

    Department of Energy 36222) DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 36222) DOE amended its existing regulations governing compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The amendments incorporate changes that improve DOE's efficiency in implementing NEPA requirements by reducing costs and preparation time while maintaining quality, consistent with the DOE Secretarial Policy Statement on NEPA issued in June 1994. These amendments also incorporate changes

  15. DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 64603) |

    Energy Saver

    Department of Energy 64603) DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 64603) DOE amended its regulations governing compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). These amendments incorporate changes primarily related to DOE's power marketing activities, based on DOE's experience in applying the current NEPA regulations. The revised regulations are intended to improve DOE's efficiency in implementing NEPA requirements by reducing costs and preparation time, while

  16. Report on FY15 alloy 617 code rules development

    SciTech Connect

    Sham, Sam; Jetter, Robert I; Hollinger, Greg; Pease, Derrick; Carter, Peter; Pu, Chao; Wang, Yanli

    2015-09-01

    Due to its strength at very high temperatures, up to 950°C (1742°F), Alloy 617 is the reference construction material for structural components that operate at or near the outlet temperature of the very high temperature gas-cooled reactors. However, the current rules in the ASME Section III, Division 5 Subsection HB, Subpart B for the evaluation of strain limits and creep-fatigue damage using simplified methods based on elastic analysis have been deemed inappropriate for Alloy 617 at temperatures above 650°C (1200°F) (Corum and Brass, Proceedings of ASME 1991 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP-Vol. 215, p.147, ASME, NY, 1991). The rationale for this exclusion is that at higher temperatures it is not feasible to decouple plasticity and creep, which is the basis for the current simplified rules. This temperature, 650°C (1200°F), is well below the temperature range of interest for this material for the high temperature gas-cooled reactors and the very high temperature gas-cooled reactors. The only current alternative is, thus, a full inelastic analysis requiring sophisticated material models that have not yet been formulated and verified. To address these issues, proposed code rules have been developed which are based on the use of elastic-perfectly plastic (EPP) analysis methods applicable to very high temperatures. The proposed rules for strain limits and creep-fatigue evaluation were initially documented in the technical literature (Carter, Jetter and Sham, Proceedings of ASME 2012 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, papers PVP 2012 28082 and PVP 2012 28083, ASME, NY, 2012), and have been recently revised to incorporate comments and simplify their application. Background documents have been developed for these two code cases to support the ASME Code committee approval process. These background documents for the EPP strain limits and creep-fatigue code cases are documented in this report.

  17. Nanoscale Traffic Rules for Metals on Graphene | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanoscale Traffic Rules for Metals on Graphene Researchers have shown how the motion of individual atoms on surfaces of graphene-a one atom thick layer of carbon-can be controlled. The adatom diffusion rate and hopping direction can be tuned by lowering the diffusion barrier using an effective electric field. This was shown using in situ scanning tunneling microscopy at low temperatures and the mechanism was elucidated using first-principles calculations. The electric field is locally tuned by

  18. Jobs, tax revenue persuade Oklahoma to waive buyback rule

    SciTech Connect

    Hines, V.

    1985-10-28

    The chance to add up to 900 new jobs and $54 million in tax revenues led Oklahoma regulators to agree to a one-time waiver of a controversial state ruling that discourages long-term buyback rates for cogenerators. The ruling will allow a 100 MW cogeneration project to proceed with its plan to sell steam to the Firestone tire plant and electricity to the local utility. Economic forecasts show that the deal will give the Oklahoma facility the lowest operating cost for any Firestone plant in the country. It will also make Oklahoma more attractive to new businesses and industry. Regulators emphasize that the waiver of rule 58-H applies only to this project, with future proposals to be judged on their own merits. Despite its large gas surplus, the state has virtually no cogeneration, which requires a steady, low-cost fuel supply, an expanding requirement for electricity, and the presence of large industrial steam users. Other issues the commission considered were the capacity and energy buyback rates.

  19. Anti-double dipping rules for federal tax incentives

    SciTech Connect

    Ing, E.T.C.

    1997-12-31

    Political as well as technological changes are now reshaping the electric utility industry. While accommodating these changes, state legislative and regulatory agencies have the opportunity to promote public policies. In this regard, various state entities are evaluating appropriate incentives for renewable energy development so as to introduce greater competition in electric generation. For example, the California legislature is considering a supplemental production payment and the State of Iowa has instituted a low-interest loan program for wind and other alternative energy generation. By complementing the existing federal tax incentives, state incentives can spur the wind industry`s growth. If structured in the wrong way, however, state assistance programs will undercut the value of the federal tax incentives. The federal anti-double dipping rules apply to certain state programs. If a developer utilizes the wrong type of state assistance for a wind project, the anti-double dipping rules will reduce the federal tax incentives and this in turn will decrease the project`s profitability. Rather than suffer these results, very few if any developer will use the state program. Despite the time and effort a state may expend to enact a program for alternative energy development, the state assistance will be ineffectual. This paper reviews the counterproductive results which state assistance can have on a wind project because of the federal anti-double dipping rules.

  20. Measurement of nitrogen content in a gas mixture by transforming the nitrogen into a substance detectable with nondispersive infrared detection

    DOEpatents

    Owen, Thomas E.; Miller, Michael A.

    2010-08-24

    A method of determining the amount of nitrogen in a gas mixture. The constituent gases of the mixture are dissociated and transformed to create a substance that may measured using nondispersive infrared adsorption techniques.

  1. Measurement of nitrogen content in a gas mixture by transforming the nitrogen into a substance detectable with nondispersive infrared detection

    DOEpatents

    Owen, Thomas E.; Miller, Michael A.

    2007-03-13

    A method of determining the amount of nitrogen in a gas mixture. The constituent gases of the mixture are dissociated and transformed to create a substance that may measured using nondispersive infrared adsorption techniques.

  2. IDAPA 58.01.07 - Rules Regulating Underground Storage Tank Systems...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    7 - Rules Regulating Underground Storage Tank Systems Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: IDAPA 58.01.07 - Rules...

  3. Discovering The Folding Rules That Proteins Obey FY08 LDRD Final...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Discovering The Folding Rules That Proteins Obey FY08 LDRD Final Report Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Discovering The Folding Rules That Proteins Obey FY08 LDRD Final ...

  4. EERE-2011-BT-STD-0005, Proposed EISA2007 Rule April 18th, 2013...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    18th, 2013 EERE-2011-BT-STD-0005, Proposed EISA2007 Rule April 18th, 2013 On Thursday ... How to contact Jeremy. PDF icon EERE-2011-BT-STD-0005 Proposed EISA2007 Rule.pdf More ...

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - Rules.ppt [Read-Only] [Compatibility Mode...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Effi i P li R l Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois ... 2. The Scope and Structure of EE Policy Rules in Other States 3. State Experience ...

  6. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 106 Permits by Rule | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    These rules outline the sources which qualify for permits by rule for purposes of air quality control permits in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1996 Legal...

  7. Www.deq.mt.gov/MFS/LawRules/Circular2 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Www.deq.mt.govMFSLawRulesCircular2 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Reference: Www.deq.mt.govMFSLawRulesCircular2 Published Publisher Not...

  8. File:08-03-12 FINAL Negotiated Draft Rule 20.03.15.pdf | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    03-12 FINAL Negotiated Draft Rule 20.03.15.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:08-03-12 FINAL Negotiated Draft Rule 20.03.15.pdf Size of this preview:...

  9. IDAPA 58.01.01 - Rules for the Control of Air Pollution in Idaho...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    1 - Rules for the Control of Air Pollution in Idaho Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: IDAPA 58.01.01 - Rules...

  10. IDAPA 58.01.05 - Rules and Standards for Hazardous Waste | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    5 - Rules and Standards for Hazardous Waste Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: IDAPA 58.01.05 - Rules and...

  11. EA-1778: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation...

    Energy Saver

    78: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy EA-1778: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and Fossil ...

  12. 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.46 Fluid Injection into Productive...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.46 Fluid Injection into Productive ReservoirsLegal Abstract These rules explain...

  13. 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.100 Seismic Holes and Core...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.100 Seismic Holes and Core HolesLegal Abstract These rules outline definitions...

  14. Experimental Tests of the GDH and Other Sum Rules at SLAC (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Experimental Tests of the GDH and Other Sum Rules at SLAC Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Experimental Tests of the GDH and Other Sum Rules at SLAC You...

  15. DOE Proposes First Revision to its NEPA Rules in More than a...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Proposes First Revision to its NEPA Rules in More than a Decade DOE Proposes First Revision to its NEPA Rules in More than a Decade December 20, 2010 - 5:22pm Addthis Today, the ...

  16. ATVM Loan Program Interim Final Rule (November 12, 2008) | Department of

    Energy Saver

    Energy Loan Program Interim Final Rule (November 12, 2008) ATVM Loan Program Interim Final Rule (November 12, 2008) Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Incentive Program ATVM Loan Program Interim Final Rule (130.09 KB) More Documents & Publications Automotive Trade Policy Council: Proposed Interim Final Rule Updated Guidance For Applicants To Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program ATVM Guidance for Applicants 11.4.14

  17. 2015-12-30 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Pumps Final Rule

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy Test Procedure for Pumps Final Rule 2015-12-30 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Pumps Final Rule Test Procedure for Pumps Final Rule Pumps Test Procedure Final Rule.pdf (1.85 MB) More Documents & Publications Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Pumps, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Draft PEI Calculator ISSUANCE 2016-08-26: Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Dedicated-Purpose Pool Pumps, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

  18. Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 189 / Friday, September 29, 2006 / Rules

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Regulations | Department of Energy Register / Vol. 71, No. 189 / Friday, September 29, 2006 / Rules and Regulations Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 189 / Friday, September 29, 2006 / Rules and Regulations An article on rules and regulations for enacting specific laws. Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 189 / Friday, September 29, 2006 / Rules and Regulations (96.59 KB) More Documents & Publications PSH-12-0117 - In the matter of Personnel Security Hearing Inspection Report: IG-0464

  19. SBA Final Rule affecting the 8(a) Business Development Program | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy SBA Final Rule affecting the 8(a) Business Development Program SBA Final Rule affecting the 8(a) Business Development Program On February 11, 2011, the Small Business Administration (SBA) issued the attached final rule revising the regulations governing the 8(a) Business Development program, small business size regulations, and Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB) status determinations. The rule incorporates technical changes and substantive changes that mirror existing or new

  20. Unitary Structure of the QCD Sum Rules and KYN and KY{xi} Couplings

    SciTech Connect

    Aliev, T.; Ozpineci, A.; Yakovlev, S. B.; Zamiralov, V. S.

    2006-01-12

    New relations between QCD Borel sum rules for strong coupling constants of K-mesons to baryons are derived. It is shown that starting from the sum rule for the coupling constants g{pi}{sigma}{sigma} and g{pi}{sigma}{lambda} it is straightforward to obtain corresponding sum rules for the gKYN, gKY{xi} couplings, Y = {sigma}, {lambda}.

  1. Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting Operations

    SciTech Connect

    Richard J. Fruehan; Siddhartha Misra

    2005-01-15

    In recent years there has been an increasing demand to reduce and control the amount of dissolved gases in steel. Hydrogen and nitrogen are two of the most important gases which when dissolved in liquid steel affect its properties significantly. Several steelmaking additions have been investigated in this research for their effect on the hydrogen and nitrogen content of steels. It has been established that calcium hydroxide (hydrated lime) acts as a source of hydrogen. Carburizers, such as metallurgical coke, were found to result in no hydrogen pickup when added to liquid steel. Addition of petroleum coke, on the other hand, increased the hydrogen content of liquid steel. Ferroalloy such as medium carbon ferromanganese when added to the liquid iron was found to increase its nitrogen content, the increase being proportional to the amount of ferroalloy added. Similarly, addition of pitch coke, which had a significant nitrogen impurity, increased the nitrogen content of liquid iron. A mathematical model was developed to quantify the absorption of nitrogen and hydrogen from the air bubbles entrained during tapping of liquid steel. During the bottom stirring of liquid metal in a ladle, the inert gas escaping from the top displaces the slag layer and often forms an open eye. The absorption of atmospheric nitrogen through the spout eye was estimated for different slag thickness and gas flow rate. The ultimate goal of this research was to develop a comprehensive set of equations which could predict the nitrogen and hydrogen pickup from their various sources. Estimates of hydrogen and nitrogen pickup during the steel transfer operations such as tapping and ladle stirring and the predicted pickup from steelmaking additions were integrated into empirical equations. The comprehensive model is designed to predict the gas pickup under varying operating conditions such as the metal oxygen and sulfur content, the total tapping or stirring time, the stirring gas flow rate and the

  2. Nitrogen Monitoring of West Hackberry 117 Cavern Wells.

    SciTech Connect

    Bettin, Giorgia; Lord, David

    2015-02-01

    U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) oil storage cavern West Hackberry 117 was tested under extended nitrogen monitoring following a successful mechanical integrity test in order to validate a newly developed hydrostatic column model to be used to differentiate between normal "tight" well behavior and small-leak behavior under nitrogen. High resolution wireline pressure and temperature data were collected during the test period and used in conjunction with the hydrostatic column model to predict the nitrogen/oil interface and the pressure along the entire fluid column from the bradenhead flange nominally at ground surface to bottom of brine pool. Results here and for other SPR caverns have shown that wells under long term nitrogen monitoring do not necessarily pressurize with a relative rate (P N2 /P brine) of 1. The theoretical relative pressure rate depends on the well configuration, pressure and the location of the nitrogen-oil interface and varies from well to well. For the case of WH117 the predicted rates were 0.73 for well A and 0.92 for well B. The measured relative pressurization rate for well B was consistent with the model prediction, while well A rate was found to be between 0.58-0.68. A number of possible reasons for the discrepancy between the model and measured rates of well A are possible. These include modeling inaccuracy, measurement inaccuracy or the possibility of the presence of a very small leak (below the latest calculated minimum detectable leak rate).

  3. METHOD FOR THE PREPARATION OF BINARY NITROGEN-FLUORINE COMPOUNDS

    DOEpatents

    Frazer, J.W.

    1962-05-01

    A process is given for preparing binary nitrogenfluorine compounds, in particular, tetrafluorohydrazine (N/sub 2/F/sub 4/) and difluorodiazine (N/sub 2/ F/sub 2/), The process comprises subjecting gaseous nitrogen trifluoride to the action of an alternating current electrical glow discharge in the presence of mercury vapors. By the action of the electrical discharge, the nitrogen trifluoride is converted into a gaseous product comprising a mixture of tetrafluorohydrazine, the isomers of difluorodiazine, and other impurities including nitrogen, nitrogen oxides, silicon tetrafiuoride, and unreacted nitrogen trifluoride. The gaseous products and impurities are passed into a trap maintained at about - 196 deg C to freeze out the desired products and impurities with the exception of nitregen gas which passes off from the trap and is discarded. Subsequently, the desired products and remaining impurities are warmed to the gaseous state and passed through a silica gel trap maintained at about - 55DEC, wherein the desired tetrafluorohydrazine and difluorodiazine products are retained while the remaining gaseous impurities pass therethrough. The desired products are volatilized from the silica gel trap by heating and then separated by gas chrounatography means into the respective tetrafluorohydrazine and difluorodiazine products. (A.e.C)

  4. Searching for the rules that govern hadron construction

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Shepherd, Matthew R.; Dudek, Jozef J.; Mitchell, Ryan E.

    2016-06-22

    Just as quantum electrodynamics describes how electrons are bound in atoms by the electromagnetic force, mediated by the exchange of photons, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) describes how quarks are bound inside hadrons by the strong force, mediated by the exchange of gluons. QCD seems to allow hadrons constructed from increasingly many quarks to exist, just as atoms with increasing numbers of electrons exist, yet such complex constructions seemed, until recently, not to be present in nature. In this paper, we describe advances in the spectroscopy of mesons that are refining our understanding of the rules for predicting hadron structure from QCD.

  5. Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 43

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" Baseline Standards Update (DOE/EA-1871) March 16, 2011 2 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency

  6. Mobile Source Air Toxics Rule (released in AEO2008)

    Reports and Publications

    2008-01-01

    On February 9, 2007, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its MSAT2 rule, which will establish controls on gasoline, passenger vehicles, and portable fuel containers. The controls are designed to reduce emissions of benzene and other hazardous air pollutants. Benzene is a known carcinogen, and the EPA estimates that mobile sources produced more than 70% of all benzene emissions in 1999. Other mobile source air toxics, including 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, and naphthalene, also are thought to increase cancer rates or contribute to other serious health problems.

  7. Spectral sum rules for confining large-N theories

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Cherman, Aleksey; McGady, David A.; Yamazaki, Masahito

    2016-06-17

    We consider asymptotically-free four-dimensional large-$N$ gauge theories with massive fermionic and bosonic adjoint matter fields, compactified on squashed three-spheres, and examine their regularized large-$N$ confined-phase spectral sums. The analysis is done in the limit of vanishing ’t Hooft coupling, which is justified by taking the size of the compactification manifold to be small compared to the inverse strong scale Λ₋1. We find our results motivate us to conjecture some universal spectral sum rules for these large $N$ gauge theories.

  8. 2006 Competition Rules for the National Science Bowl®

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    August 4, 2016 Page 1 2017 National Science Bowl ® Official Academic Competition Rules Changes and clarifications in green/bold 1. Eligibility Requirements 1-1. Each competing team consists of 4 or 5 student members. (Only 4 will be playing at any time.) To be eligible to compete, a high school student must be enrolled for the current school year in grades 9, 10, 11, or 12 at the team's school, and be born on or after May 2, 1997. To be eligible to compete, a middle school student must be

  9. Direct visualization of atomically precise nitrogen-doped graphene nanoribbons

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Yi; Zhang, Yanfang; Li, Geng; Lu, Jianchen; Du, Shixuan, E-mail: sxdu@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: feng@mpip-mainz.mpg.de; Gao, Hong-Jun [Institute of Physics and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Lin, Xiao [University of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Berger, Reinhard; Feng, Xinliang, E-mail: sxdu@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: feng@mpip-mainz.mpg.de; Mllen, Klaus [Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Ackermannweg 10, D-55128 Mainz (Germany)

    2014-07-14

    We have fabricated atomically precise nitrogen-doped chevron-type graphene nanoribbons by using the on-surface synthesis technique combined with the nitrogen substitution of the precursors. Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy indicate that the well-defined nanoribbons tend to align with the neighbors side-by-side with a band gap of 1.02?eV, which is in good agreement with the density functional theory calculation result. The influence of the high precursor coverage on the quality of the nanoribbons is also studied. We find that graphene nanoribbons with sufficient aspect ratios can only be fabricated at sub-monolayer precursor coverage. This work provides a way to construct atomically precise nitrogen-doped graphene nanoribbons.

  10. Development of scaling rules for Rutherford type superconducting cables

    SciTech Connect

    Royet, J.M.; Scanlan, R.M.

    1990-09-01

    During the R D phase of the Superconducting Supercollider (SSC) program, LBL was responsible for establishing the parameters for cables used in SSC dipole and quadrupole magnets. In addition, the design and fabrication of a new cable for use in the Low Beta Quadrupoles. As a result of the development work on these and other cables, we have arrived a set of scaling rules which provide guidelines for choosing the parameters for a wide range of superconducting cables. These parameters include strand size, strand number, keystone angle, percent compaction, cable pitch and compacted cable dimensions. In addition, we have defined the tolerance ranges for the key cable manufacturing parameters such as mandrel size and shape, stand tension, and Turkshead temperature control. In this paper, we present the results on cables ranging from 8 strands to 36 strands of 0.65mm wire and from 8 strands to 30 strands of 0.8mm wire. We use these results to demonstrate the application of the scaling rules for Rutherford-type cable.

  11. Planning Tools For Seismic Risk Mitigation. Rules And Applications

    SciTech Connect

    De Paoli, Rosa Grazia

    2008-07-08

    Recently, Italian urban planning research in the field of seismic risk mitigation are renewing. In particular, it promotes strategies that integrate urban rehabilitation and aseismic objectives, and also politicizes that are directed to revitalizes urban systems, coupling physical renewal and socio-economic development.In Italy the first law concerning planning for seismic mitigation dates back 1974, the law n. 64 'Regulation for buildings with particular rules for the seismic areas' where the rules for buildings in seismic areas concerning also the local hazard. This law, in fact, forced the municipalities to acquire, during the formation of the plans, a preventive opinion of compatibility between planning conditions and geomorphology conditions of the territory. From this date the conviction that the seismic risk must be considered inside the territorial planning especially in terms of strategies of mitigation has been strengthened.The town planners have started to take an interest in seismic risk in the [80]s when the Irpinia's earthquake took place. The researches developed after this earthquake have established that the principal cause of the collapse of buildings are due to from the wrong location of urban settlements (on slopes or crowns) After Irpinia's earthquake the first researches on seismic risk mitigation, in particular on the aspects related to the hazards and to the urban vulnerability were made.

  12. Engineering shallow spins in diamond with nitrogen delta-doping

    SciTech Connect

    Ohno, Kenichi; Joseph Heremans, F.; Bassett, Lee C.; Myers, Bryan A.; Toyli, David M.; Bleszynski Jayich, Ania C.; Palmstrom, Christopher J.; Awschalom, David D.

    2012-08-20

    We demonstrate nanometer-precision depth control of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center creation near the surface of synthetic diamond using an in situ nitrogen delta-doping technique during plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Despite their proximity to the surface, doped NV centers with depths (d) ranging from 5 to 100 nm display long spin coherence times, T{sub 2} > 100 {mu}s at d = 5 nm and T{sub 2} > 600 {mu}s at d {>=} 50 nm. The consistently long spin coherence observed in such shallow NV centers enables applications such as atomic-scale external spin sensing and hybrid quantum architectures.

  13. Method of manufacturing semiconductor having group II-group VI compounds doped with nitrogen

    DOEpatents

    Compaan, Alvin D.; Price, Kent J.; Ma, Xianda; Makhratchev, Konstantin

    2005-02-08

    A method of making a semiconductor comprises depositing a group II-group VI compound onto a substrate in the presence of nitrogen using sputtering to produce a nitrogen-doped semiconductor. This method can be used for making a photovoltaic cell using sputtering to apply a back contact layer of group II-group VI compound to a substrate in the presence of nitrogen, the back coating layer being doped with nitrogen. A semiconductor comprising a group II-group VI compound doped with nitrogen, and a photovoltaic cell comprising a substrate on which is deposited a layer of a group II-group VI compound doped with nitrogen, are also included.

  14. Federal Air Emissions Regulations (released in AEO2006)

    Reports and Publications

    2006-01-01

    In 2005, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized two regulations, the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) and the Clean Air Mercury Rule CAMR, that would reduce emissions from coal-fired power plants in the United States. Both CAIR and CAMR are included in the Annual Energy Outlook 2006 reference case. The EPA has received 11 petitions for reconsideration of CAIR and has provided an opportunity for public comment on reconsidering certain aspects of CAIR. Public comments were accepted until January 13, 2006. The EPA has also received 14 petitions for reconsideration of CAMR and is willing to reconsider certain aspects of the rule. Public comments were accepted for 45 days after publication of the reconsideration notice in the Federal Register. Several states and organizations have filed lawsuits against CAMR. The ultimate decision of the courts will have a significant impact on the implementation of CAMR.

  15. Analysis of 33 MeV Nitrogen irradiated UHMWPE

    SciTech Connect

    Grosso, Mariela del; Chappa, Veronica; Garcia Bermudez, Gerardo

    2007-10-26

    In this work, we irradiated UHMWPE with 33 MeV Nitrogen ions, at several fluences, to generate surface modifications without affecting the bulk properties. These modifications were quantified by means of wear resistance tests and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements. Experimental results show an optimum ion fluence value that maximizes UHMWPE wear resistance.

  16. Preparation of high nitrogen compound and materials therefrom

    DOEpatents

    Huynh, My Hang V.; Hiskey, Michael A.

    2006-10-10

    The high-nitrogen compound of the formula ##STR00001## was prepared. Pyrolysis of the compound yields carbon nitrides C.sub.2N.sub.3 and C.sub.3N.sub.5. The carbon nitrides vary in their density, texture, and morphology.

  17. Low NOx combustion using cogenerated oxygen and nitrogen streams

    DOEpatents

    Kobayashi, Hisashi; Bool, Lawrence E.; Snyder, William J.

    2009-02-03

    Combustion of hydrocarbon fuel is achieved with less formation of NOx by feeding the fuel into a slightly oxygen-enriched atmosphere, and separating air into oxygen-rich and nitrogen-rich streams which are fed separately into the combustion device.

  18. NOx reduction by electron beam-produced nitrogen atom injection

    DOEpatents

    Penetrante, Bernardino M.

    2002-01-01

    Deactivated atomic nitrogen generated by an electron beam from a gas stream containing more than 99% N.sub.2 is injected at low temperatures into an engine exhaust to reduce NOx emissions. High NOx reduction efficiency is achieved with compact electron beam devices without use of a catalyst.

  19. Reducing Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: 1996 Compliance with Title IV Limits

    Reports and Publications

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to summarize the existing federal nitrogen oxide (Nox) regulations and the 1996 performance of the 239 Title IV generating units. It also reviews the basics of low-Nox burner technology and presents cost and performance data for retrofits at Title IV units.

  20. Removal of nitrogen and sulfur from oil-shale

    SciTech Connect

    Olmstead, W.N.

    1986-01-28

    This patent describes a process for enhancing the removal of nitrogen and sulfur from oil-shale. The process consists of: (a) contacting the oil-shale with a sufficient amount of an aqueous base solution comprised of at least a stoichiometric amount of one or more alkali metal or alkaline-earth metal hydroxides based on the total amount of nitrogen and sulfur present in the oil-shale. Also necessary is an amount sufficient to form a two-phase liquid, solid system, a temperature from about 50/sup 0/C to about 350/sup 0/C., and pressures sufficient to maintain the solution in liquid form; (b) separating the effluents from the treated oil-shale, wherein the resulting liquid effluent contains nitrogen moieties and sulfur moieties from the oil-shale and any resulting gaseous effluent contains nitrogen moieties from the oil-shale, and (c) converting organic material of the treated oil-shale to shale-oil at a temperature from about 450/sup 0/C to about 550/sup 0/C.

  1. Study of the D*? system using QCD sum rules

    SciTech Connect

    Torres, A. Martnez; Khemchandani, K. P.; Nielsen, M.; Navarra, F. S.; Oset, E.

    2014-11-11

    In this proceeding we present a study of the D*? system made by using the method of QCD sum rules. Considering isospin and spin projectors, we investigate the different configurations and obtain three D* mesons with isospin I = 1/2, spin S = 0, 1, 2 and with masses 250067 MeV, 252360 MeV, and 2439119 MeV, respectively. The last state can be related to D{sub 2}{sup *} (2460) (spin 2) listed by the Particle Data Group, while one of the first two might be associated with D*(2640), whose spin-parity is unknown. In the case of I = 3/2 we also find evidences of three states with spin 0, 1 and 2, respectively, with masses 246782 MeV, 2420128 MeV, and 255056 MeV.

  2. Discrete physics: Practice, representation and rules of correspondence

    SciTech Connect

    Noyes, H.P.

    1988-07-01

    We make a brief historical review of some aspects of modern physics which we find most significant in our own endeavor. We discuss the ''Yukawa Vertices'' of elementary particle theory as used in laboratory practice, second quantized field theory, analytic S-Matrix theory and in our own approach. We review the conserved quantum numbers in the Standard Model of quarks and leptons. This concludes our presentation of the ''E-frame.'' We try to develop a self-consistent representation of our theory. We have already claimed that this approach provides a discrete reconciliation between the formal (representational) aspects of quantum mechanics and relativity. Also discussed are rules of correspondence connecting the formalism to the practice of physics by using the counter paradigm and event-based coordinates to construct relativistic quantum mechanics in a new way. 31 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  3. Rule of capture: government and the oil industry

    SciTech Connect

    Tomain, J.P.

    1984-01-01

    In his analysis of the oil industry-government relationship, the author examines the question of whether Big Oil is really bad and, if so, whether the government should leave it alone because it is unmanageable or regulate it for that reason. Responding to Robert Sherrill's The Oil Follies of 1970-1980 and its emphasis on conspiracy and betrayal, he focuses on the replacement of the Rule of Capture, which promoted the production of natural resources, with regulations restricting oil and gas production. He concludes that Big Government has not managed Big Oil well, but proposes an approach based on a series of workable projects instead of antitrust review. These initiatives could include efforts for horizontal and vertical divestiture, restrictions on tax divestiture, regulating cross-ownership, and a reworking of banking and tax laws.

  4. ISSUANCE 2015-07-15: Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines, Final Rule

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines, Final Rule

  5. ISSUANCE 2016-03-24: Energy Conservation Program: Clarification of Test Procedures for Fluorescent Lamps Ballasts, Final Rule

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Conservation Program: Clarification of Test Procedures for Fluorescent Lamps Ballasts, Final Rule

  6. ISSUANCE 2016-10-4: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products, Direct Final Rule

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products, Direct Final Rule

  7. ISSUANCE 2015-12-29: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves, Final Rule

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves, Final Rule

  8. ISSUANCE 2014-12-31: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers, Final Rule

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers, Final Rule

  9. Study of fuel-nitrogen reactions in rich, premixed flames

    SciTech Connect

    Roby, R.J.

    1988-01-01

    The formation and removal of nitrogen-containing species involved in fuel-nitrogen reactions have been studied in atmospheric-pressure fuel-rich hydrogen/oxygen/argon flames. The fuel-nitrogen reaction mechanism was investigated by addition of ammonia, nitric oxide, or hydrogen cyanide alone or with various hydrocarbons to a base flame. Profiles of stable nitrogen species and hydroxyl radical were measured in the post-flame gases. Results show that an initial rapid decay of nitric oxide added to a hydrogen/oxygen/argon flame to approximately 60% of its initial value occurs within 1.0 mm of the burner surface (0.5 msec). The primary reaction for removal of nitric oxide was found to be H + NO + M = HNO + M. The reaction of nitric oxide with various hydrocarbons to form hydrogen cyanide was found to be first order in both the initial hydrocarbon concentration and the initial nitric oxide concentration. A kinetic model was developed that only partially predicts the results obtained. Analysis showed that, by varying the heat of formation of imidogen within the limits of its uncertainty, agreement between the calculations and the data could be improved for nitric oxide and nitrogen. However, the amine, nitrous oxide and hydrogen cyanide profiles were found not to be significantly affected. The significant discrepancy between the measured and calculated ammonia profiles is discussed in terms of the model predictions of both the ammonia formation and decay rates. The reaction: NM + H = N + H/sub 2/ is identified as a key rate-controlling step for removal of amine species in these flames. Evidence from the data and theoretical calculations suggests that the rate of this reaction at the current flame conditions may be as much as a factor of ten slower than the previously reported value.

  10. Robust Nitrogen Oxide/Ammonia Sensors for Vehicle On-board Emissions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Robust Nitrogen OxideAmmonia Sensors for Vehicle On-board Emissions Control Robust Nitrogen OxideAmmonia Sensors for Vehicle On-board Emissions Control 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel ...

  11. Environmental Assessment for Final Rule 10 CFR 433 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    433 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule 10 CFR 433 Document details the U.S. Department of Energy's environmental assessment for Final Rule 10 CFR Part 433, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings. Download the environmental assessment for Final Rule 10 CFR Part 433. (307.24 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-1918: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1918: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1778: Draft Environmental

  12. Environmental Assessment for Proposed Rule 10 CFR Parts 433 and 435 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Proposed Rule 10 CFR Parts 433 and 435 Environmental Assessment for Proposed Rule 10 CFR Parts 433 and 435 Document details the environmental assessment for Proposed Rule 10 CFR Part 433, Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings and 10 CFR Part 435, Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings (DOE/EA-1463). Download the

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - Rules.ppt [Read-Only] [Compatibility Mode]

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Effi i P li R l Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Chuck Goldman (LBNL) & Chuck Goldman (LBNL) & Rich Sedano (RAP) ICC Staff Workshop Chicago Illinois Chicago, Illinois November 6, 2006 Overview of Presentation 1. Background 2. The Scope and Structure of EE Policy Rules in Other States 3. State Experience in Developing EE Rules 4 Issues to Consider for Illinois 4. Issues to Consider for Illinois The Illinois Policy Context Illinois Public Act

  14. Impact on quality activities of measurement systems meeting an L:1 rule

    SciTech Connect

    Hamada, M. S.; Burkhardt, J. H.

    2015-04-30

    This study considers the impact of a measurement system that meets an L:1 rule on various quality activities. These activities include inspection, acceptance sampling, and control charting. A measurement system that meets a 10:1 rule performs much better than one that meets a 4:1 rule. R code is provided so that the practitioner is able to evaluate these activities to his or her particular situation.

  15. Impact on quality activities of measurement systems meeting an L:1 rule

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Hamada, M. S.; Burkhardt, J. H.

    2016-04-01

    This study considers the impact of a measurement system that meets an L:1 rule on various quality activities. These activities include inspection, acceptance sampling, and control charting. A measurement system that meets a 10:1 rule performs much better than one that meets a 4:1 rule. R code is provided so that the practitioner is able to evaluate these activities to his or her particular situation.

  16. EERE Success Story-Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Efficient Building Design | Department of Energy Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement and Efficient Building Design EERE Success Story-Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement and Efficient Building Design February 12, 2015 - 12:10pm Addthis In 2014, EERE's Federal Energy Management Program issued a final rule that requires verified energy and water performance for new and retrofitted federal buildings that are certified by private sector green building certification systems. The

  17. U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind Competition 2016 Rules and Regulations.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    iii This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory at www.nrel.gov/publications. iv This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory at www.nrel.gov/publications. Preface The U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind Competition 2016 will be governed and adjudicated by this rules and requirements manual, which is intended to establish fair contest rules. The organizers reserve the right to change contest criteria, rules, and

  18. GSA Federal Advisory Committee Management; Final Rule -- 41CFR Parts 101-6

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and 102-3 | Department of Energy GSA Federal Advisory Committee Management; Final Rule -- 41CFR Parts 101-6 and 102-3 GSA Federal Advisory Committee Management; Final Rule -- 41CFR Parts 101-6 and 102-3 Federal Register document for the General Services Administration (GSA) revision of Federal Property Management Regulations (FPMR) coverage on federal advisory committee management and moving it into the Federal Management Regulation (FMR). Federal Advisory Committee Management; Final Rule

  19. Annealing Behavior of Ion-implanted Nitrogen in D9 Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Arunkumar, J.; David, C.; Nair, K. G. M.; Panigrahi, B. K.; Magudapathy, P.; Kennedy, John

    2011-07-15

    Nitrogen isotope N{sup 15} was implanted at the sub-surface of D9 steel. The resonance nuclear reaction analysis was used to probe the implanted nitrogen as a function of depth. The as-implanted D9 sample was isochronally annealed and by observing the broadening of nitrogen depth profile at various annealing junctures, activation energy for nitrogen diffusion in steel was deduced.

  20. Zirconium Catalyst Follows a Low Energy Pathway for Carbon-Nitrogen Bond

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Formation | The Ames Laboratory Zirconium Catalyst Follows a Low Energy Pathway for Carbon-Nitrogen Bond Formation Chemists have synthesized a highly selective and highly efficient zirconium catalyst that makes new carbon-nitrogen bonds by adding a nitrogen-hydrogen bond to a carbon-carbon double bond. Nitrogen-containing chemicals are important as agrichemicals, pharmaceuticals, and specialty chemicals. These zirconium catalysts are expected to show greater tolerance to other functionality

  1. Zirconium Catalyst Follows a Low Energy Pathway for Carbon-Nitrogen Bond

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Formation | The Ames Laboratory Zirconium Catalyst Follows a Low Energy Pathway for Carbon-Nitrogen Bond Formation Chemists have synthesized a highly selective and highly efficient zirconium catalyst that makes new carbon-nitrogen bonds by adding a nitrogen-hydrogen bond to a carbon-carbon double bond. Nitrogen-containing chemicals are important as agrichemicals, pharmaceuticals, and specialty chemicals. These zirconium catalysts are expected to show greater tolerance to other functionality

  2. Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural Gas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Consumption After Energy Assessment | Department of Energy Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural Gas Consumption After Energy Assessment Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural Gas Consumption After Energy Assessment This case study describes how Terra Nitrogen Company saved 497,000 MMBtu and $3.5 million yearly after upgrading the steam system in its ammonia plant in Verdigris, Oklahoma. Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant

  3. Middle School Rules, Forms, and Resources | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Resources National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School Middle School Middle School Students Middle School Coaches Middle School Regionals Middle School Rules, Forms,...

  4. IDAPA 37.03.04 Drilling For Geothermal Resources Rules | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Rules for drilling Geothermal Resources released by the State of Idaho Department of Water Resources Geothermal Resource Program in Boise, Idaho. Published NA Year Signed or...

  5. Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Emissions | Department of Energy Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon Emissions Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon Emissions August 29, 2013 - 4:08pm Addthis If accepted, a new energy efficiency rule on walk-in coolers and freezers proposed by the Energy Department could cut energy bills by up to $24 billion over 30 years. | Photo by Lynn Billman, NREL. If accepted, a new energy efficiency rule on walk-in coolers

  6. Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory Citation ... This content will become publicly available on April 27, 2016 Title: Complex-energy ...

  7. High School Rules, Forms, and Resources | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Resources National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School High School Students High School Coaches High School Regionals High School Rules, Forms, and Resources Strategies...

  8. H.A.R. 13-300 - Rules of Practice and Procedure Relating to Burial...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    300 - Rules of Practice and Procedure Relating to Burial Sites and Human Remains Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  9. H.A.R. 13-283 - Rules Governing Standards for Osteological Analysis...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    3 - Rules Governing Standards for Osteological Analysis of Human Skeletal Remains Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  10. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 39, rule 39.604 Sign Posting | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Abstract These rules outline the sign posting requirements for public notice of air quality permit applications in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1999...

  11. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 116, rule 116.114 Application review...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    scheduleLegal Abstract These rules outline the permit application review schedule for air quality control permits to construct in the state of Texas. Published NA Year Signed...

  12. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 39, rule 39.418 Notice of Receipt of...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Abstract These rules explain the public notice of receipt of application required for air quality control permits to construct in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took...

  13. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 39, rule 39.605 Notice to Affected Agencies...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    AgenciesLegal Abstract This rule explains the notice to affected agencies requirement for air quality permit applications in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1999...

  14. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 116, rule 116.136 Public Comment Procedures...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    This rule explains the public comment procedures for new source review permits for air quality control in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1993 Legal Citation...

  15. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 116, rule 116.131 Public Notification...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Abstract This rule explains the public notification requirements for new source review of air quality control permits in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1993 Legal...

  16. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 116, rule 116.111 General Application...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ApplicationLegal Abstract These rules explain the general application requirements for air quality control permits in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1998 Legal...

  17. Colorado Code of Regulations 4 CCR 723-3, Rules Regulating Electric...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Colorado Code of Regulations 4 CCR 723-3, Rules Regulating Electric Utilities Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  18. Code of Colorado Regulations 4 CCR 723-3, Rules Regulating Electric...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Code of Colorado Regulations 4 CCR 723-3, Rules Regulating Electric Utilities Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  19. IDAPA 37.03.03 - Rules and Minimum Standards for the Construction...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    3 - Rules and Minimum Standards for the Construction and Use of Injection Wells Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  20. Texas - PUC Substantive Rule 25.101 - Electric ServiceProviders...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Texas - PUC Substantive Rule 25.101 - Electric Service Providers-Certification, Licensing...

  1. Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory Citation Details In-Document Search This content will become publicly available on...

  2. ISSUANCE 2015-12-11: Final Rule Regarding Test Procedures for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Procedures for Small, Large, and Very Large Air-Cooled Commercial Package Air Conditioning and Heating Equipment ISSUANCE 2015-12-11: Final Rule Regarding Test Procedures for ...

  3. Methods of detection and identificationoc carbon- and nitrogen-containing materials

    DOEpatents

    Karev, Alexander Ivanovich; Raevsky, Valery Georgievich; Dzhalivyan, Leonid Zavenovich; Brothers, Louis Joseph; Wilhide, Larry K

    2013-11-12

    Methods for detecting and identifying carbon- and/or nitrogen-containing materials are disclosed. The methods may comprise detection of photo-nuclear reaction products of nitrogen and carbon to detect and identify the carbon- and/or nitrogen-containing materials.

  4. Method of removing nitrogen monoxide from a nitrogen monoxide-containing gas using a water-soluble iron ion-dithiocarbamate, xanthate or thioxanthate

    DOEpatents

    Liu, D. Kwok-Keung; Chang, Shih-Ger

    1987-08-25

    The present invention relates to a method of removing of nitrogen monoxide from a nitrogen monoxide-containing gas which method comprises contacting a nitrogen oxide-containing gas with an aqueous solution of water soluble organic compound-iron ion chelate complex. The NO absorption efficiency of ferrous urea-dithiocarbamate and ferrous diethanolamine-xanthate as a function of time, oxygen content and solution ph is presented. 3 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Compensatory mitigation and screening rules in environmental impact assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Macintosh, Andrew Waugh, Lauren

    2014-11-15

    Concerns about the effectiveness of environmental impact assessment (EIA) have prompted proposals to improve its performance by limiting the discretion of decision-makers in screening. To investigate whether such proposals are likely to generate the desired results, we conducted an evaluation of the screening process under the Australian government's EIA regime from its introduction on 16 July 2000 to 30 June 2013 (study period). Almost 1 in 5 ‘particular manner’ decisions—a type of screening decision under the regime—were found to be unlawful. The extent of non-compliance is explained on the basis of convenience. The department was required to assess a large number of projects under tight timeframes and with limited resources, while being pressured by proponents to allow their projects to bypass EIA. These pressures resulted in the development of an informal custom whereby the formal compensatory mitigation restrictions were frequently ignored. The results highlight the relative significance of formal and informal institutions in EIA. Formal EIA rules typically provide a mere outline of the process. The informal institutions adopted by administrators often have a greater influence on how the process operates and what it achieves. - Highlights: • Concerns about the effectiveness of environmental impact assessment (EIA) have prompted proposals to improve its performance by limiting the discretion of decision-makers in screening. • To investigate whether such proposals are likely to generate the desired results, we conducted an evaluation of the Australian government's screening process, looking at the extent of compliance with a formal prohibition on the consideration of compensatory mitigation. • Almost 1 in 5 ‘particular manner’ decisions – a type of screening decision under the regime – were found to be unlawful (with a 95% confidence interval of between 1:4 and 1:7) because of a failure to abide by the compensatory mitigation restrictions

  6. Method for reducing nitrogen oxides in combustion effluents

    DOEpatents

    Zauderer, Bert

    2000-01-01

    Method for reducing nitrogen oxides (NO.sub.x) in the gas stream from the combustion of fossil fuels is disclosed. In a narrow gas temperature zone, NO.sub.x is converted to nitrogen by reaction with urea or ammonia with negligible remaining ammonia and other reaction pollutants. Specially designed injectors are used to introduce air atomized water droplets containing dissolved urea or ammonia into the gaseous combustion products in a manner that widely disperses the droplets exclusively in the optimum reaction temperature zone. The injector operates in a manner that forms droplet of a size that results in their vaporization exclusively in this optimum NO.sub.x -urea/ammonia reaction temperature zone. Also disclosed is a design of a system to effectively accomplish this injection.

  7. Method for selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides

    DOEpatents

    Mowery-Evans, Deborah L.; Gardner, Timothy J.; McLaughlin, Linda I.

    2005-02-15

    A method for catalytically reducing nitrogen oxide compounds (NO.sub.x, defined as nitric oxide, NO, +nitrogen dioxide, NO.sub.2) in a gas by a material comprising a base metal consisting essentially of CuO and Mn, and oxides of Mn, on an activated metal hydrous metal oxide support, such as HMO:Si. A promoter, such as tungsten oxide or molybdenum oxide, can be added and has been shown to increase conversion efficiency. This method provides good conversion of NO.sub.x to N.sub.2, good selectivity, good durability, resistance to SO.sub.2 aging and low toxicity compared with methods utilizing vanadia-based catalysts.

  8. Method For Selective Catalytic Reduction Of Nitrogen Oxides

    DOEpatents

    Mowery-Evans, Deborah L.; Gardner, Timothy J.; McLaughlin, Linda I.

    2005-02-15

    A method for catalytically reducing nitrogen oxide compounds (NO.sub.x, defined as nitric oxide, NO, +nitrogen dioxide, NO.sub.2) in a gas by a material comprising a base metal consisting essentially of CuO and Mn, and oxides of Mn, on an activated metal hydrous metal oxide support, such as HMO:Si. A promoter, such as tungsten oxide or molybdenum oxide, can be added and has been shown to increase conversion efficiency. This method provides good conversion of NO.sub.x to N.sub.2, good selectivity, good durability, resistance to SO.sub.2 aging and low toxicity compared with methods utilizing vanadia-based catalysts.

  9. Temperature Mapping of Nitrogen-doped Niobium Superconducting Radiofrequency Cavities

    SciTech Connect

    Makita, Junki; Ciovati, Gianluigi; Dhakal, Pashupati

    2015-09-01

    It was recently shown that diffusing nitrogen on the inner surface of superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cavities at high temperature can improve the quality factor of the niobium cavity. However, a reduction of the quench field is also typically found. To better understand the location of rf losses and quench, we used a thermometry system to map the temperature of the outer surface of ingot Nb cavities after nitrogen doping and electropolishing. Surface temperature of the cavities was recorded while increasing the rf power and also during the quenching. The results of thermal mapping showed no precursor heating on the cavities and quenching to be ignited near the equator where the surface magnetic field is maximum. Hot-spots at the equator area during multipacting were also detected by thermal mapping.

  10. Efficient boron-carbon-nitrogen nanotube formation via combined laser-gas flow levitation

    SciTech Connect

    Whitney, R Roy; Jordan, Kevin; Smith, Michael W

    2015-03-24

    A process for producing boron nitride nanotubes and/or boron-carbon-nitrogen nanotubes of the general formula B.sub.xC.sub.yN.sub.z. The process utilizes a combination of laser light and nitrogen gas flow to support a boron ball target during heating of the boron ball target and production of a boron vapor plume which reacts with nitrogen or nitrogen and carbon to produce boron nitride nanotubes and/or boron-carbon-nitrogen nanotubes of the general formula B.sub.xC.sub.yN.sub.z.

  11. Biofilter for removal of nitrogen oxides from contaminated gases under aerobic conditions

    DOEpatents

    Apel, W.A.

    1998-08-18

    A biofilter is described for reducing concentrations of gaseous nitrogen oxides in a polluted gas comprises a porous organic filter bed medium disposed in a housing, the filter bed medium including a mixed culture of naturally occurring denitrifying bacteria for converting the nitrogen oxides to nitrogen gas, carbon dioxide, and water. A method is described of reducing concentrations of nitrogen oxides in polluted gas comprises conducting the polluted gas through the biofilter so that the denitrifying bacteria can degrade the nitrogen oxides. A preferred filter medium is wood compost, however composts of other organic materials are functional. Regulation of pH, moisture content, exogenous carbon sources, and temperature are described. 6 figs.

  12. Biofilter for removal of nitrogen oxides from contaminated gases under aerobic conditions

    DOEpatents

    Apel, William A.

    1998-01-01

    A biofilter for reducing concentrations of gaseous nitrogen oxides in a polluted gas comprises a porous organic filter bed medium disposed in a housing, the filter bed medium including a mixed culture of naturally occurring denitrifying bacteria for converting the nitrogen oxides to nitrogen gas, carbon dioxide, and water. A method of reducing concentrations of nitrogen oxides in polluted gas comprises conducting the polluted gas through the biofilter so that the denitrifying bacteria can degrade the nitrogen oxides. A preferred filter medium is wood compost, however composts of other organic materials are functional. Regulation of pH, moisture content, exogenous carbon sources, and temperature are described.

  13. Simple rules help select best hydrocarbon distillation scheme

    SciTech Connect

    Sanchezllanes, M.T.; Perez, A.L.; Martinez, M.P.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Rosal, R. del )

    1993-12-06

    Separation economics depend mainly on investment for major equipment and energy consumption. This relationship, together with the fact that, in most cases, many alternative schemes will be proposed, make it essential to find an optimum scheme that minimizes overall costs. Practical solutions are found by applying heuristics -- exploratory problem-solving techniques that eliminate alternatives without applying rigorous mathematical procedures. These techniques have been applied to a case study. In the case study, a hydrocarbon mixture will be transported through a pipeline to a fractionation plant, where it will be separated into commercial products for distribution. The fractionation will consist of a simple train of distillation columns, the sequence of which will be defined by applying heuristic rules and determining the required thermal duties for each column. The facility must separate ethane, propane and mixed butanes, natural gasoline (light straight-run, or LSR, gasoline), and condensate (heavy naphtha). The ethane will be delivered to an ethylene plant as a gaseous stream, the propane and butanes will be stored in cryogenic tanks, and the gasoline and heavy naphtha also will be stored.

  14. IMO group approves enhanced design rules for tankers

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-04-06

    This paper reports on a committee of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) which has approved ship design rules aimed at reducing the risk of oil spills from tankers. The approval by IMO's maritime environment protection committee (MEPC) assures that the next generation of tankers will have double hulls or, despite reservations by the U.S., middeck or other designs that offer protection against pollution equal to that provided by double hulls. The requirement for double hull or middeck design will apply to tankers larger than 5,000 dwt. Small tankers, of 600-5,000 dwt, must be fitted with a double bottom. There are no requirements for tankers of less than 600 dwt. The enhanced design criteria will take effect July 6, 1993, for new and existing vessels from 70 nations that have signed the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (Marpol 73/78). Owners in those countries control 90% of the world tanker fleet. MEPC also tackled the problem of existing single hulled vessels. They will be able to trade until they are 25-30 years old before they will be required to meet the enhanced design criteria.

  15. Nitrogen molecule activation by excited states of copper

    SciTech Connect

    Sanchez-Zamora, M.; Novaro, O.; Ruiz, M.E. )

    1990-04-05

    Ab initio molecular orbital studies that include variational (with a multiconfiguration reference state of 200 states) and perturbational (including over 3 million configurations) configuration interaction calculations were addressed to the interaction of nitrogen molecules with copper. The Cu ground state {sup 2}S and first two excited states {sup 2}P and {sup 2}D were studied as they interact in different geometrical approaches (including side-on and end-on geometries) with ground-state N{sub 2} molecules.

  16. Sulfide stress cracking resistance of nitrogen-strengthened stainless steel

    SciTech Connect

    Gaugh, R.R.

    1981-01-01

    The paper describes sulfide stress cracking tests performed on a number of these alloys. Most were found to be somewhat susceptible to cracking, depending on the stress level. It was determined that this was due to their high manganese content. The mechanism responsible for cracking was not firmly established. One commercial nitrogen-strengthened stainless steel, XM19, was highly resistant to sulfide stress cracking despite a manganese content of 5%. This difference is attributed to the superior corrosion resistance of the alloy.

  17. Model Captures How Nitrogen Limitation Affects Hydrological Processes |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Model Captures How Nitrogen Limitation Affects Hydrological Processes Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000

  18. Multi-stage combustion using nitrogen-enriched air

    DOEpatents

    Fischer, Larry E.; Anderson, Brian L.

    2004-09-14

    Multi-stage combustion technology combined with nitrogen-enriched air technology for controlling the combustion temperature and products to extend the maintenance and lifetime cycles of materials in contact with combustion products and to reduce pollutants while maintaining relatively high combustion and thermal cycle efficiencies. The first stage of combustion operates fuel rich where most of the heat of combustion is released by burning it with nitrogen-enriched air. Part of the energy in the combustion gases is used to perform work or to provide heat. The cooled combustion gases are reheated by additional stages of combustion until the last stage is at or near stoichiometric conditions. Additional energy is extracted from each stage to result in relatively high thermal cycle efficiency. The air is enriched with nitrogen using air separation technologies such as diffusion, permeable membrane, absorption, and cryogenics. The combustion method is applicable to many types of combustion equipment, including: boilers, burners, turbines, internal combustion engines, and many types of fuel including hydrogen and carbon-based fuels including methane and coal.

  19. Controlled release of alendronate from nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Saha, Dipendu; Spurri, Amanda; Chen, Jihua; Hensley, Dale K.

    2016-04-13

    With this study, we have synthesized a nitrogen doped mesoporous carbon with the BET surface area of 1066 m2/g, total pore volume 0.6 cm3/g and nitrogen content of 0.5%. Total alendronate adsorption in this carbon was ~5%. The release experiments were designed in four different media with sequential pH values of 1.2, 4.5, 6.8 and 7.4 for 3, 1, 3 and 5 h, respectively and at 37 °C to imitate the physiological conditions of stomach, duodenum, small intestine and colon, respectively. Release of the drug demonstrated a controlled fashion; only 20% of the drug was released in the media withmore » pH = 1.2, whereas 64% of the drug was released in pH = 7.4. This is in contrary to pure alendronate that was completely dissolved within 30 min in the first release media (pH = 1.2) only. The relatively larger uptake of alendronate in this carbon and its sustained fashion of release can be attributed to the hydrogen bonding between the drug and the nitrogen functionalities on carbon surface. Based on this result, it can be inferred that this formulation may lower the side effects of oral delivery of alendronate.« less

  20. Nitrogen-doped zirconia: A comparison with cation stabilized zirconia

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Jong-Sook . E-mail: jong-sook.lee@fkf.mpg.de; Lerch, Martin; Maier, Joachim

    2006-01-15

    The conductivity behavior of nitrogen-doped zirconia is compared with that of zirconia doped with lower-valent cations and discussed in the framework of defect-defect interactions. While nominally introducing the same number of vacancies as yttrium, nitrogen dopants introduced in the anion sublattice of zirconia lead to substantially different defect kinetics and energetics. Compared to the equivalent yttrium doping nitrogen doping in the Y-Zr-O-N system substantially increases the activation energy and correspondingly decreases the conductivity at temperatures below 500{sup -}bar C in the vacancy range below 4mol%. The comparison of N-doped zirconia and zirconia systems doped with size-matched cation stabilizers, such as Sc, Yb and Y, shows that elastically driven vacancy-vacancy ordering interactions can phenomenologically account for the temperature- and composition-dependence. It is striking that materials with superior high-temperature conductivities due to weak dopant-vacancy interactions undergo severe deterioration at low temperature due to the strong vacancy-ordering. The analysis also explains qualitatively similar effects of Y co-doping in Yb-, Sc-, and N-doped zirconia. Small amount of Y in N-doped zirconia as well as in Sc-doped zirconia appears to hinder the formation of the long-range ordered phase and thus enhance the conductivity substantially.

  1. FeN foils by nitrogen ion-implantation

    SciTech Connect

    Jiang, Yanfeng; Wang, Jian-Ping; Al Mehedi, Md; Fu, Engang; Wang, Yongqiang

    2014-05-07

    Iron nitride samples in foil shape (free standing, 500 nm in thickness) were prepared by a nitrogen ion-implantation method. To facilitate phase transformation, the samples were bonded on the substrate followed by a post-annealing step. By using two different substrates, single crystal Si and GaAs, structural and magnetic properties of iron nitride foil samples prepared with different nitrogen ion fluences were characterized. α″-Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} phase in iron nitride foil samples was obtained and confirmed by the proposed approach. A hard magnetic property with coercivity up to 780 Oe was achieved for the FeN foil samples bonded on Si substrate. The feasibility of using nitrogen ion implantation techniques to prepare FeN foil samples up to 500 nm thickness with a stable martensitic phase under high ion fluences has been demonstrated. A possible mechanism was proposed to explain this result. This proposed method could potentially be an alternative route to prepare rare-earth-free FeN bulk magnets by stacking and pressing multiple free-standing thick α″-Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} foils together.

  2. Institutional Change Process Step 2: Assess Institutional Rules, Roles, and Tools

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    After determining your institutional change sustainability goals, the next step is to analyze the context within which these goals are to be achieved. Start by identifying the organizational rules, roles, and tools that shape the current context and may influence success in achieving these goals. Identifying the linkages among rules, roles, and tools and how they interact will help in implementing solutions for success.

  3. Comments on 10 CFR 820, 830, 835 proposed safety rules for DOE nuclear activities

    SciTech Connect

    Bergman, G.

    1994-09-01

    The objective of this paper was a discussion of LANL`s comments to draft 10CFR 820, 830, and 835. In general comments, LANL recognized the authority of the governing organization but contended that: (1) the rules/approach needed major revision, (2) the rules are counterproductive, and (3) teamwork is reg`d in order to meet the goals.

  4. Control of work function of graphene by plasma assisted nitrogen doping

    SciTech Connect

    Akada, Keishi; Terasawa, Tomo-o; Imamura, Gaku; Obata, Seiji; Saiki, Koichiro, E-mail: saiki@k.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Complexity Science and Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan)

    2014-03-31

    Nitrogen doping is expected to provide several intriguing properties to graphene. Nitrogen plasma treatment to defect-free and defective highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) samples causes doping of nitrogen atom into the graphene layer. Nitrogen atoms are initially doped at a graphitic site (inside the graphene) for the defect-free HOPG, while doping to a pyridinic or a pyrrolic site (edge of the graphene) is dominant for the defective HOPG. The work function of graphene correlates strongly with the site and amount of doped nitrogen. Nitrogen atoms doped at a graphitic site lower the work function, while nitrogen atoms at a pyridinic or a pyrrolic site increase the work function. Control of plasma treatment time and the amount of initial defect could change the work function of graphite from 4.3?eV to 5.4?eV, which would open a way to tailor the nature of graphene for various industrial applications.

  5. A nitrogen-hyperdoped silicon material formed by femtosecond laser irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Dong, Xiao; Zhu, Zhen; Shao, Hezhu; Rong, Ximing; Zhuang, Jun; Li, Ning; Liang, Cong; Sun, Haibin; Zhao, Li; Feng, Guojin

    2014-03-03

    A supersaturation of nitrogen atoms is found in the surface layer of microstructured silicon after femtosecond (fs) laser irradiation in NF{sub 3}. The average nitrogen concentration in the uppermost 50 nm is about 0.5 ± 0.2 at. %, several orders of magnitude higher than the solid solubility of nitrogen atoms in silicon. The nitrogen-hyperdoped silicon shows high crystallinity in the doped layer, which is due to the repairing effect of nitrogen on defects in silicon lattices. Nitrogen atoms and vacancies can be combined into thermal stable complexes after fs laser irradiation, which makes the nitrogen-hyperdoped silicon exhibit good thermal stability of optical properties.

  6. Utility perspective on station blackout rule implementation with NUMARC 87-00

    SciTech Connect

    Maracek, J.

    1990-01-01

    The development of the station blackout rule involved an unusually high level of cooperation between the industry and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The industry developed an approach to implementation of the rule in the form of the Nuclear Management and Resources Council's (NUMARC's) Guidelines and Technical Bases for NUMARC Initiatives Addressing Station Blackout at Light Water Reactors (NUMARC 87-00). This document was reviewed and accepted by the NRC staff as a means for meeting the requirements of the station blackout rule. Yet difficulties still arose when individual utilities used the NUMARC 87-00 approach to respond to the rule. This presentation examines the development process and subsequent difficulties and identifies potential improvements for development and implementation of new rules in the future.

  7. Two-lane traffic rules for cellular automata: A systematic approach

    SciTech Connect

    Nagel, K. |; Wolf, D.E. |; Wagner, P. |; Simon, P.

    1997-11-05

    Microscopic modeling of multi-lane traffic is usually done by applying heuristic lane changing rules, and often with unsatisfying results. Recently, a cellular automation model for two-lane traffic was able to overcome some of these problems and to produce a correct density inversion at densities somewhat below the maximum flow density. In this paper, the authors summarize different approaches to lane changing and their results, and propose a general scheme, according to which realistic lane changing rules can be developed. They test this scheme by applying it to several different lane changing rules, which, in spite of their differences, generate similar and realistic results. The authors thus conclude that, for producing realistic results, the logical structure of the lane changing rules, as proposed here, is at least as important as the microscopic details of the rules.

  8. Characterization of Nitrogen use efficiency in sweet sorghum

    SciTech Connect

    Dweikat, Ismail; Clemente, Thomas

    2014-09-09

    Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) has the potential to augment the increasing demand for alternative fuels and for the production of input efficient, environmentally friendly bioenergy crops. Nitrogen (N) and water availability are considered two of the major limiting factors in crop growth. Nitrogen fertilization accounts for about 40% of the total production cost in sorghum. In cereals, including sorghum, the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) from fertilizer is approximately 33% of the amount applied. There is therefore extensive concern in relation to the N that is not used by the plant, which is lost by leaching of nitrate, denitrification from the soil, and loss of ammonia to the atmosphere, all of which can have deleterious environmental effects. To improve the potential of sweet sorghum as a leading and cost effective bioenergy crop, the enhancement of NUE must be addressed. To this end, we have identified a sorghum line (SanChi San) that displays about 25% increase in NUE over other sorghum lines. As such, the overarching goal of this project is to employ three complementary strategies to enhance the ability of sweet sorghum to become an efficient nitrogen user. To achieve the project goal, we will pursue the following specific objectives: Objective 1: Phenotypic characterization of SanChi San/Ck60 RILs under low and moderate N-availability including biochemical profiles, vegetative growth and seed yield Objective 2: Conduct quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis and marker identification for nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in a grain sorghum RIL population. Objective 3: Identify novel candidate genes for NUE using proteomic and gene expression profiling comparisons of high- and low-NUE RILs. Candidate genes will be brought into the pipeline for transgenic manipulation of NUE This project will apply the latest genomics resources to discover genes controlling NUE, one of the most complex and economically important traits in cereal crops. As a result of the

  9. Sigma meson in pole-dominated QCD sum rules

    SciTech Connect

    Kojo, Toru; Jido, Daisuke

    2008-12-01

    The properties of the {sigma} meson are studied using the QCD sum rules for tetraquark operators. In the SU(3) chiral limit, we separately investigate SU(3) singlet and octet tetraquark states as constituents of the {sigma} meson and discuss their roles for the classification of the light scalar nonets {sigma}, f{sub 0}, a{sub 0}, and {kappa} as candidates of tetraquark states. All of our analyses are performed in the suitable Borel window which is indispensable to avoid the pseudopeak artifacts outside of the Borel window. We can set up acceptably wide Borel windows after preparing favorable linear combinations of operators and including the dimension 12 terms in the operator-product expansion. Taking into account the possible large widths, we evaluate masses for singlet and octet states as 700-850 and 600-750 MeV, respectively, although the octet operators have a smaller overlap with the tetraquark states than the singlet case, which requires careful interpretations. The splitting of the singlet and octet states emerges from the number of the qq annihilation diagrams, which include the color singlet annihilation processes qqqq{yields}(qq){sub 1} and the color octet annihilation processes qqqq{yields}G(qq){sub 8}. The mass of the {sigma} meson is evaluated as 600-800 MeV, which is much closer to the experimental value {approx}500 MeV than the mass evaluated by 2-quark correlator analyses, {approx}1.0 GeV. This indicates that the tetraquark state shares a larger fraction in the {sigma} meson than ordinary two quark meson states.

  10. Method of removing nitrogen monoxide from a nitrogen monoxide-containing gas using a water-soluble iron ion-dithiocarbamate, xanthate or thioxanthate

    DOEpatents

    Liu, David K.; Chang, Shih-Ger

    1989-01-01

    A method of removing nitrogen monoxide from a nitrogen monoxide-containing gas, which method comprises: (a) contacting a nitrogen oxide-containing gas with an aqueous solution of water soluble organic compound-iron ion chelate of the formula: ##STR1## wherein the water-soluble organic compound is selected from compounds of the formula: ##STR2## wherein: R is selected from hydrogen or an organic moiety having at least one polar functional group; Z is selected from oxygen, sulfur, or --N--A wherein N is nitrogen and A is hydrogen or lower alkyl having from one to four carbon atoms; and M is selected from hydrogen, sodium or potassium; and n is 1 or 2, in a contacting zone for a time and at a temperature effective to reduce the nitrogen monoxide. These mixtures are useful to provide an unexpensive method of removing NO from gases, thus reducing atmospheric pollution from flue gases.

  11. Direct determination of nitrogen functional groups in kerogen under kinetically well defined conditions

    SciTech Connect

    Kelemen, S.R.; Freund, H.; Kwiatek, P.J.

    1995-12-01

    Recent developments in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy methods have made it possible to directly quantify nitrogen functionalities in complex solid and nonvolatile carbonaceous systems such as coal and kerogen. The kinds of nitrogen forms present in different organic matter type kerogens and the influences of sample maturity have not yet been established via these new direct methods. It is generally recognized that much of the nitrogen in coal and kerogen originated from the remains of organisms rich in amino groups yet it is believed that heterocyclic nitrogen compounds are the dominate forms present in petroleum, kerogen and coal. For coal, XPS results show that pyrrolic nitrogen is the most abundant form, followed by pyridinic and quaternary types. The relative amount of different nitrogen decreases with increasing coal ranks XPS has been used in the present work to quantify the amounts of different nitrogen functionalities initially present in Green River kerogen (Type 1) and Bakken kerogen (Type II) and to follow the changes that happen as a result of low-temperature pyrolysis under kinetically well defined conditions. Small amounts of amine and quaternary type nitrogen species were found in fresh Green River kerogen samples in addition to the more abundant pyrrolic and pyridinic nitrogen forms. Following pyrolysis to simulate the early conversion chemistry kerogen to light gases, pyrrolic and pyridinic nitrogen are the dominant forms. These results are compared to the results for Bakken kerogen and coal.

  12. Variable oxygen/nitrogen enriched intake air system for internal combustion engine applications

    DOEpatents

    Poola, Ramesh B.; Sekar, Ramanujam R.; Cole, Roger L.

    1997-01-01

    An air supply control system for selectively supplying ambient air, oxygen enriched air and nitrogen enriched air to an intake of an internal combustion engine includes an air mixing chamber that is in fluid communication with the air intake. At least a portion of the ambient air flowing to the mixing chamber is selectively diverted through a secondary path that includes a selectively permeable air separating membrane device due a differential pressure established across the air separating membrane. The permeable membrane device separates a portion of the nitrogen in the ambient air so that oxygen enriched air (permeate) and nitrogen enriched air (retentate) are produced. The oxygen enriched air and the nitrogen enriched air can be selectively supplied to the mixing chamber or expelled to atmosphere. Alternatively, a portion of the nitrogen enriched air can be supplied through another control valve to a monatomic-nitrogen plasma generator device so that atomic nitrogen produced from the nitrogen enriched air can be then injected into the exhaust of the engine. The oxygen enriched air or the nitrogen enriched air becomes mixed with the ambient air in the mixing chamber and then the mixed air is supplied to the intake of the engine. As a result, the air being supplied to the intake of the engine can be regulated with respect to the concentration of oxygen and/or nitrogen.

  13. Development of photocatalyst by combined nitrogen and yttrium doping

    SciTech Connect

    Khan, Matiullah; Cao, Wenbin

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: The simulated compensated YN{sub SUB} co-doped TiO{sub 2} model can reasonably explain the experimental observations. Calculation results show that substitutional Y at Ti sites and substitutional N at O sites with an oxygen vacancy give stable configuration, reduced band gap, better visible light absorption and enhance separations of photoexcited charge carriers. The experimental observations confirmed the theoretical findings. - Highlights: (Y, N) codoped TiO{sub 2} was synthesized by mild one pot hydrothermal method. The Y doping concentration was varied from 0.01 to 1.38 at%. 0.05% (Y, N) codoped TiO{sub 2} shows enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. Compensated and noncompensated ab-initio calculations were performed. Calculation results reasonably explained the experimental findings. - Abstract: Titanium dioxide co-doped with yttrium and nitrogen with different yttrium doping concentration has been synthesized by mild one pot hydrothermal method without any post calcination for crystallization. Irrespective of the yttrium doping concentration, all the synthesized samples were composed of pure anatase phase with good crystallinity. And the synthesized co-doped samples have spherical morphology with uniform particle size distribution. The absorption edge of the co-doped TiO{sub 2} was shifted toward visible light region depicting that the intrinsic band gap of TiO{sub 2} was affected by the co-doping. Among the different samples, the co-doped sample with 0.05% yttrium doping concentration exhibits enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity by degradation of methylene blue in aqueous solution. Compensated and non-compensated yttriumnitrogen co-doped TiO{sub 2} models were simulated using density functional theory to explain the experimental findings. The calculation results show that the compensated yttriumnitrogen co-doped TiO{sub 2} model may reasonably explain the experimental observations due to its stable

  14. Interim Final Rule and Request for Comments, Federal Register, 71 FR 70275,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    10 CFR Part 433, 434, and 435, December 4, 2006 | Department of Energy Interim Final Rule and Request for Comments, Federal Register, 71 FR 70275, 10 CFR Part 433, 434, and 435, December 4, 2006 Interim Final Rule and Request for Comments, Federal Register, 71 FR 70275, 10 CFR Part 433, 434, and 435, December 4, 2006 Document displays the interim final rule and request for comments for Energy Conservation Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings

  15. 10 C.F.R. Part 820 - Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 10 C.F.R. Part 820 - Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities 10 C.F.R. Part 820 - Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities April 24, 2010 This part sets forth the procedures to govern the conduct of persons involved in DOE nuclear activities and, in particular, to achieve compliance with the DOE Nuclear Safety Requirements by all persons subject to those requirements. 10 C.F.R. Part 820 - Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities (267.34 KB) More Documents &

  16. Microsoft Word - CCE_Final_Rule_02-07-11 _Final Word_.docx | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy CCE_Final_Rule_02-07-11 _Final Word_.docx Microsoft Word - CCE_Final_Rule_02-07-11 _Final Word_.docx Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and Commercial and Industrial Equipment Microsoft Word - CCE_Final_Rule_02-07-11 _Final Word_.docx (962.39 KB) More Documents & Publications Federal Register Vol. 76 No. 44, 12422-12505 - Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and

  17. Coping with revenue ruling 83-46: exploring alternatives to the pool of capital theory

    SciTech Connect

    Curnow, R.

    1987-01-01

    The Internal Revenue Service is adding to oil and gas industry problems by issuing Revenue Ruling 83-46 because it challenges the long-standing common law doctrine that a contributor of services to the acquisition or development of an oil and gas prospect in return for an economic interest does not realize income until and unless production is attained. The author examines the possibilities for mitigating or circumventing the ruling by using alternative business associations. He concludes that partnerships under the Uniform Partnership Act would be a feasible way to bypass the ruling's tax consequences. He then recommends specific ways to structure the partnership. 59 references.

  18. Code of Federal Regulations Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities Part II

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is issuing procedural rules to be used in applying its substantive regulations and orders relating to nuclear safety. These procedural rules are intended to be an essential part of the framework through which DOE deals with its contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers to ensure its nuclear facilities are operated in a manner that protects public and worker safety and the environment. In particular, this part sets forth the procedures to implement the provisions of the Price- Anderson Amendments Act of 1988 (PAAA) which subjects DOE contractors to potential civil and criminal penalties for violations of DOE rules, regulations and orders relating to nuclear safety (DOE Nuclear Safety Requirements).

  19. U.S. Department of Energy Issues Rules for Auto Loan Program | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Issues Rules for Auto Loan Program U.S. Department of Energy Issues Rules for Auto Loan Program November 5, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today the U.S. Department of Energy issued an Interim Final Rule that implements the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Incentive Program authorized by section 136 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The FY09 Continuing Resolution provided DOE with funding to make up to $25 billion in direct loans to

  20. B&W Request for extension of DOE CSC Rule Comment Period 02 24 2015 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy B&W Request for extension of DOE CSC Rule Comment Period 02 24 2015 B&W Request for extension of DOE CSC Rule Comment Period 02 24 2015 B&W Request for extension of DOE CSC Rule Comment Period 02242015 (378.88 KB) More Documents & Publications Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Y-12 National Security Complex - April 2012 CIGNL CSC NOPR Extension Request 2-23-15 Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking

  1. Technological modifications in the nitrogen oxides tradable permit program

    SciTech Connect

    Linn, J.

    2008-07-01

    Tradable permit programs allow firms greater flexibility in reducing emissions than command-and-control regulations and encourage firms to use low cost abatement options, including small-scale modifications to capital equipment. This paper shows that firms have extensively modified capital equipment in the Nitrogen Oxides Budget Trading Program, which covers power plants in the eastern United States. The empirical strategy uses geographic and temporal features of the program to estimate counterfactual emissions, finding that modifications have reduced emission rates by approximately 10-15 percent. The modifications would not have occurred under command-and-control regulation and have reduced regulatory costs.

  2. Method for the purification of noble gases, nitrogen and hydrogen

    DOEpatents

    Baker, John D.; Meikrantz, David H.; Tuggle, Dale G.

    1997-01-01

    A method and apparatus for the purification and collection of hydrogen isotopes in a flowing inert gaseous mixture containing impurities, wherein metal alloy getters having the capability of sorbing non-hydrogen impurities such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, ammonia, nitrogen and water vapor are utilized to purify the gaseous mixture of impurities. After purification hydrogen isotopes may be more efficiently collected. A plurality of parallel process lines utilizing metal getter alloys can be used to provide for the continuous purification and collection of the hydrogen isotopes.

  3. Alignment of the diamond nitrogen vacancy center by strain engineering

    SciTech Connect

    Karin, Todd [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Dunham, Scott [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Fu, Kai-Mei [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    2014-08-04

    The nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond is a sensitive probe of magnetic field and a promising qubit candidate for quantum information processing. The performance of many NV-based devices improves by aligning the NV(s) parallel to a single crystallographic direction. Using ab initio theoretical techniques, we show that NV orientation can be controlled by high-temperature annealing in the presence of strain under currently accessible experimental conditions. We find that (89??7)% of NVs align along the [111] crystallographic direction under 2% compressive biaxial strain (perpendicular to [111]) and an annealing temperature of 970?C.

  4. Method for the purification of noble gases, nitrogen and hydrogen

    DOEpatents

    Baker, J.D.; Meikrantz, D.H.; Tuggle, D.G.

    1997-09-23

    A method and apparatus are disclosed for the purification and collection of hydrogen isotopes in a flowing inert gaseous mixture containing impurities, wherein metal alloy getters having the capability of sorbing non-hydrogen impurities such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, ammonia, nitrogen and water vapor are utilized to purify the gaseous mixture of impurities. After purification hydrogen isotopes may be more efficiently collected. A plurality of parallel process lines utilizing metal getter alloys can be used to provide for the continuous purification and collection of the hydrogen isotopes. 15 figs.

  5. Optical excitation of paramagnetic nitrogen in chemical vapor deposited diamond

    SciTech Connect

    Graeff, C.F.; Rohrer, E.; Nebel, C.E.; Stutzmann, M.; Guettler, H.; Zachai, R.

    1996-11-01

    Investigations of polycrystalline chemical vapor deposited diamond films by electron-spin-resonance (ESR), light-induced (L)ESR, and the constant photoconductivity method have identified dispersed substitutional nitrogen (P1 center) as the main paramagnetic form of N incorporated in the CVD diamond. The density of N-related paramagnetic states is strongly affected by illumination and heat treatment. It is found that the P1 center in CVD diamond gives rise to a deep donor state about 1.5 eV below the conduction band. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  6. 2014 U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind Competition Rules and Requirements, Version 1.2

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4 U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind Competition Rules April 15, 2014 2 2014 U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind Competition Rules Note to Teams in Regards to Rules and Scoring The organizers welcome the opportunity to develop competitions that challenge the intellect and ingenuity of the nation's aspiring wind energy industry contributors. This document seeks to create fair contest rules for determining appropriate measurable outcomes. In the spirit of this inaugural creative

  7. The importance of cytosolic glutamine synthetase in nitrogen assimilation and recycling

    SciTech Connect

    Bernard, S.M.; Habash, D.Z.

    2009-07-02

    Glutamine synthetase assimilates ammonium into amino acids, thus it is a key enzyme for nitrogen metabolism. The cytosolic isoenzymes of glutamine synthetase assimilate ammonium derived from primary nitrogen uptake and from various internal nitrogen recycling pathways. In this way, cytosolic glutamine synthetase is crucial for the remobilization of protein-derived nitrogen. Cytosolic glutamine synthetase is encoded by a small family of genes that are well conserved across plant species. Members of the cytosolic glutamine synthetase gene family are regulated in response to plant nitrogen status, as well as to environmental cues, such as nitrogen availability and biotic/abiotic stresses. The complex regulation of cytosolic glutamine synthetase at the transcriptional to post-translational levels is key to the establishment of a specific physiological role for each isoenzyme. The diverse physiological roles of cytosolic glutamine synthetase isoenzymes are important in relation to current agricultural and ecological issues.

  8. Sub-ambient carbon dioxide adsorption properties of nitrogen doped graphene

    SciTech Connect

    Tamilarasan, P.; Ramaprabhu, Sundara

    2015-04-14

    Carbon dioxide adsorption on carbon surface can be enhanced by doping the surface with heterogeneous atoms, which can increase local surface affinity. This study presents the carbon dioxide adsorption properties of nitrogen doped graphene at low pressures (<100 kPa). Graphene was exposed to nitrogen plasma, which dopes nitrogen atoms into carbon hexagonal lattice, mainly in pyridinic and pyrrolic forms. It is found that nitrogen doping significantly improves the CO{sub 2} adsorption capacity at all temperatures, due to the enrichment of local Lewis basic sites. In general, isotherm and thermodynamic parameters suggest that doped nitrogen sites have nearly same adsorption energy of surface defects and residual functional groups. The isosteric heat of adsorption remains in physisorption range, which falls with surface coverage, suggesting the distribution of magnitude of adsorption energy. The absolute values of isosteric heat and entropy of adsorption are slightly increased upon nitrogen doping.

  9. Thermodynamic processes associated with frostbite in the handling of liquid nitrogen

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, W. L.; Cook, C. R.

    2014-01-29

    It is often taught that exposure to liquid nitrogen will cause frostbite or more severe damage to exposed skin tissue. However, it is also demonstrated that a full hand can be briefly immersed in liquid nitrogen without damage. To better understand and possibly visualize the effects of human tissue exposure to liquid nitrogen, a series of tests were conducted using simulated hands and arms composed of molded gelatin forms. The simulated hands and arms were immersed, sprayed, or splashed with liquid nitrogen both with and without state of the art personal protective equipment. Thermocouples were located within the test articles to allow for thermal mapping during the freezing process. The study is aimed to help understand frostbite hazards and the time constants involved with the handling of liquid nitrogen to improve future safety protocols for the safe handling of cryogenic fluids. Results of the testing also show the limits to handling liquid nitrogen while using various means of protection.

  10. Kinetics of the nitrogen first negative system excitation by ionising radiation

    SciTech Connect

    Khasenov, M U

    2005-12-31

    The rate constants of N{sub 2}{sup +}(B) quenching by nitrogen and helium and of two- and three-body charge exchange of He{sub 2}{sup +} on H{sub 2}, D{sub 2}, and Kr are measured from luminescence at the 0-0 transition of the first negative system of nitrogen in mixtures of helium and nitrogen with hydrogen, krypton or deuterium excited by alpha particles emitted by {sup 210}Po . (active media)

  11. Phytoremediation of the Nitrogen-Contaminated Subpile Soil at the Former

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Uranium Mill Tailings Site in Monument Valley, Arizona, 2004 Status Report | Department of Energy Phytoremediation of the Nitrogen-Contaminated Subpile Soil at the Former Uranium Mill Tailings Site in Monument Valley, Arizona, 2004 Status Report Phytoremediation of the Nitrogen-Contaminated Subpile Soil at the Former Uranium Mill Tailings Site in Monument Valley, Arizona, 2004 Status Report Phytoremediation of the Nitrogen-Contaminated Subpile Soil at the Former Uranium Mill Tailings Site in

  12. Reduction of nitrogen oxides with catalytic acid resistant aluminosilicate molecular sieves and ammonia

    DOEpatents

    Pence, Dallas T.; Thomas, Thomas R.

    1980-01-01

    Noxious nitrogen oxides in a waste gas stream such as the stack gas from a fossil-fuel-fired power generation plant or other industrial plant off-gas stream is catalytically reduced to elemental nitrogen and/or innocuous nitrogen oxides employing ammonia as reductant in the presence of a zeolite catalyst in the hydrogen or sodium form having pore openings of about 3 to 10 A.

  13. Nitrogen Control in Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking by Direct Reduced Iron

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fines Injection | Department of Energy Nitrogen Control in Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking by Direct Reduced Iron Fines Injection Nitrogen Control in Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking by Direct Reduced Iron Fines Injection This fact sheet describes a new technology with the potential to reduce operating costs and increase productivity in bar and flat-rolled products for the steel industry. Nitrogen Control in Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking by Direct Reduced Iron Fines Injection (January

  14. Entangling separate nitrogen-vacancy centers in a scalable fashion via

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    coupling to microtoroidal resonators (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Entangling separate nitrogen-vacancy centers in a scalable fashion via coupling to microtoroidal resonators Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Entangling separate nitrogen-vacancy centers in a scalable fashion via coupling to microtoroidal resonators We propose a potentially practical scheme to entangle negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) centers in distant diamonds. Each diamond is supposed to be fixed on

  15. Multi-omics analysis reveals regulators of the response to nitrogen

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    limitation in Yarrowia lipolytica (Journal Article) | DOE PAGES Multi-omics analysis reveals regulators of the response to nitrogen limitation in Yarrowia lipolytica Title: Multi-omics analysis reveals regulators of the response to nitrogen limitation in Yarrowia lipolytica Yarrowia lipolytica is an oleaginous ascomycete yeast that stores lipids in response to limitation of nitrogen. Furthermore, while the enzymatic pathways responsible for neutral lipid accumulation in Y. lipolytica are

  16. Nanodiamond-based nanostructures for coupling nitrogen-vacancy centres to

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    metal nanoparticles and semiconductor quantum dots (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Nanodiamond-based nanostructures for coupling nitrogen-vacancy centres to metal nanoparticles and semiconductor quantum dots Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Nanodiamond-based nanostructures for coupling nitrogen-vacancy centres to metal nanoparticles and semiconductor quantum dots The ability to control the interaction between nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond and photonic and/or broadband

  17. Robust Nitrogen Oxide/Ammonia Sensors for Vehicle On-board Emissions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Control | Department of Energy Robust Nitrogen Oxide/Ammonia Sensors for Vehicle On-board Emissions Control Robust Nitrogen Oxide/Ammonia Sensors for Vehicle On-board Emissions Control 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace079_mukundan_2012_o.pdf (2.83 MB) More Documents & Publications Robust Nitrogen Oxide/Ammonia Sensors for Vehicle On-board Emissions Control Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review

  18. 57 Fed Reg 15122: DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures-Final Rule

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is revising the existing rule at 10 CFR part 1021, titled "Compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act," to incorporate revised provisions of DOE's...

  19. CDOT Utility Accommodation Code Rule 2.2 - Utility Permits and...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Utility Accommodation Code Rule 2.2 - Utility Permits and Utility Relocation Permits to the State Highway Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal...

  20. NMAC 1.2.2 Public Regulations Commission Rules of Procedure ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    NMAC 1.2.2 Public Regulations Commission Rules of Procedure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: NMAC 1.2.2...

  1. 1 NMAC 2.2 - Public Regulation Commission Rules of Procedure...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    NMAC 2.2 - Public Regulation Commission Rules of Procedure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 1 NMAC 2.2 -...

  2. Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies; Proposed Rule Making- Ex Parte Communication

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Apple Inc. met with DOE to discuss the notice of proposed rule making the Department sent out regarding battery chargers and external power supplies.  Below is a list of topics that Apple discussed...

  3. Forward Compton scattering with weak neutral current: Constraints from sum rules

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Gorchtein, Mikhail; Zhang, Xilin

    2015-06-09

    We generalize forward real Compton amplitude to the case of the interference of the electromagnetic and weak neutral current, formulate a low-energy theorem, relate the new amplitudes to the interference structure functions and obtain a new set of sum rules. Furthermore, we address a possible new sum rule that relates the product of the axial charge and magnetic moment of the nucleon to the 0th moment of the structure function g5(ν, 0). For the dispersive γ Z-box correction to the proton’s weak charge, the application of the GDH sum rule allows us to reduce the uncertainty due to resonance contributionsmore » by a factor of two. Finally, the finite energy sum rule helps addressing the uncertainty in that calculation due to possible duality violations.« less

  4. Double-exchange selection rule for the c-axis conductivity in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Double-exchange selection rule for the c-axis conductivity in layered Lasub 2-2xSrsub 1+2xMnsub 2Osub 7 single crystals below Tsub c Citation Details In-Document Search ...

  5. DOE Issues Final Rule for Section 133 of the Energy Independence Act (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-04-01

    This fact sheet provides a summary of the final rule under Section 133 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued in March 2014.

  6. WAC 332-22 State Land Leasing Program Rules | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    22 State Land Leasing Program Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: WAC 332-22 State Land Leasing Program...

  7. HAR 13-183 Rules on Leasing and Drilling of Geothermal Resources...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    HAR 13-183 Rules on Leasing and Drilling of Geothermal Resources Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: HAR 13-183...

  8. WAC 332-17 Geothermal Drilling Rules and Regulations | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    17 Geothermal Drilling Rules and Regulations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: WAC 332-17 Geothermal Drilling...

  9. UAC Rule R655-1 Wells Used for the Discovery and Production of...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    UAC Rule R655-1 Wells Used for the Discovery and Production of Geothermal Energy in the State of Utah Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal...

  10. Exotic tetraquark udss of J{sup P}=0{sup +} in the QCD sum rule

    SciTech Connect

    Chen Huaxing; Hosaka, Atsushi; Zhu Shilin

    2006-09-01

    We study a QCD sum rule analysis for an exotic tetraquark udss of J{sup P}=0{sup +} and I=1. We construct qqqq currents in a local product form and find that there are five independent currents for this channel. Because of the high dimensional nature of the current, it is not easy to form a good sum rule when using a single current. This means that we do not find any sum rule window to extract reliable results, due to the insufficient convergence of the operator product expansion and to the exceptional important role of QCD continuum. Then we examine sum rules by using currents of linear combinations of two currents among the independent ones. We find two reasonable cases that predict a mass of the tetraquark around 1.5 GeV.

  11. SEP Success Story: Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    An economic impact statement issued by the Mississippi Public Service Commission indicates new energy efficiency rules could potentially save the state’s consumers $2.3 billion by 2034 and create 9,500 jobs by 2030. Learn more.

  12. 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.38 Well Densities | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    1, chapter 3, rule 3.38 Well DensitiesLegal Abstract These regulations outline well density requirements in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1989 Legal Citation...

  13. PUCT Substantive Rule 25.173 Renewable Energy Resources and Use...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    73 Renewable Energy Resources and Use of Natural Gas Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: PUCT Substantive Rule...

  14. 2014-02-03 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for External Power Supplies; Final Rule

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule prescribing new energy conservation standards for external power supplies, as issued by the Assistant Secretary on February 3, 2014.

  15. Title 18 CFR 385 Rules of Practice and Procedure | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and ProcedureLegal Abstract Part 385 Rules of Practice and Procedure under Title 18: Conservation of Power and Water Resources of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, current...

  16. 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.9 Disposal Wells | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Disposal Wells Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.9 Disposal WellsLegal...

  17. DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Department of Energy today announced that it has issued a new rule standardizing how private parties applying for DOE assistance should submit trade secrets and other confidential business...

  18. DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy today proposed to revise its rules to standardize how private parties applying for DOE assistance should submit trade secrets and other confidential business information. ...

  19. MCA 75-5-401 - Water Quality Permits: Board Rules for Permits...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: MCA 75-5-401 - Water Quality Permits: Board Rules for PermitsLegal Abstract Sets forth board...

  20. 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.5 Application to Drill, Deepen...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.5 Application to Drill, Deepen, Reenter, or Plug Back Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  1. 30 TAC, part 1, chapter 116, rule 116.119 De Minimis Facilities...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Abstract These rules outline the sources which qualify as de minimis for purposes of air quality control permits in Texas. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2000 Legal...

  2. H.A.R. 13-280 - Rules Governing General Procedures for Inadvertent...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-280 - Rules Governing General Procedures for Inadvertent Discoveries of Historic...

  3. H.A.R. 13-282 - Rules Governing Permits for Archaeological Work...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-282 - Rules Governing Permits for Archaeological WorkLegal Published NA Year Signed...

  4. H.A.R. 13-185 - Rules of Practice and Procedure for Geothermal...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-185 - Rules of Practice and Procedure for Geothermal and Cable System Development...

  5. H.A.R. 13-284 - Rules Governing Procedures for Historic Preservation...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    H.A.R. 13-284 - Rules Governing Procedures for Historic Preservation Review Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation:...

  6. H.A.R. 13-279 - Rules Governing Standards for Archaeological...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-279 - Rules Governing Standards for Archaeological Monitoring Studies and...

  7. H.A.R. 13-275 - Rules Governing Procedures for Historic Preservation...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-275 - Rules Governing Procedures for Historic Preservation Review for Governmental...

  8. H.A.R. 13-277 - Rules Governing Requirements for Archaeological...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-277 - Rules Governing Requirements for Archaeological Site Preservation and...

  9. H.A.R. 15-36 - Renewable Energy Facility Siting Rules | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 15-36 - Renewable Energy Facility Siting RulesLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took...

  10. H.A.R. 13-281 - Rules Governing Professional Qualifications ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-281 - Rules Governing Professional QualificationsLegal Published NA Year Signed or...

  11. H.A.R. 13-278 - Rules Governing Standards for Archaeological...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-278 - Rules Governing Standards for Archaeological Data Recovery Studies and...

  12. H.A.R. 13-276 - Rules Governing Standards for Archaeological...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: H.A.R. 13-276 - Rules Governing Standards for Archaeological Inventory Surveys and...

  13. IDAPA 58.01.06 - Solid Waste Management Rules and Standards ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    6 - Solid Waste Management Rules and Standards Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: IDAPA 58.01.06 - Solid Waste...

  14. Forward Compton scattering with weak neutral current: Constraints from sum rules

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Gorchtein, Mikhail; Zhang, Xilin

    2015-07-01

    We generalize forward real Compton amplitude to the case of the interference of the electromagnetic and weak neutral current, formulate a low-energy theorem, relate the new amplitudes to the interference structure functions and obtain a new set of sum rules. We address a possible new sum rule that relates the product of the axial charge and magnetic moment of the nucleon to the 0th moment of the structure function g?(?0). For the dispersive ? ?-box correction to the proton's weak charge, the application of the GDH sum rule allows us to reduce the uncertainty due to resonance contributions by amorefactor of two. The finite energy sum rule helps addressing the uncertainty in that calculation due to possible duality violations.less

  15. Colorado 4 CCR 723-3001, Definitions for Rules Regulating Electric...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    4 CCR 723-3001, Definitions for Rules Regulating Electric Utilities Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation:...

  16. 31 TAC, part 4, chapter 155, rule 155.41 Prospect Permits on...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 31 TAC, part 4, chapter 155, rule 155.41 Prospect Permits on State LandsLegal Abstract These...

  17. Revenue Ruling 83-46: draining the pool-of-capital doctrine

    SciTech Connect

    Livsey, A.F.

    1985-01-01

    After outlining the development of the pool-of-capital doctrine since its introduction in 1933. The author analyzes Revenue Ruling 83-46, its effects on the oil and gas industry, and possible ways to avoid its consequences when it ignored the pool-of-capital doctrine and held that the fair market value of the royalty interests must be included in gross income at the time the interest was received. The Internal Revenue Service ignored applicable law that has consistently made the pool-of-capital doctrine an exception to general income recognition rules. The Ruling clouds the future of the doctrine and the applicability of the case law clarifying it to date. The IRS needs to either overrule prior decisions upholding the doctrine, issue another ruling correcting and clarifying the doctrine, or let practitioners know how similar capital investments in oil and gas properties will be treated in the future.

  18. 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures for residential refrigerators and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 10, 2014.

  19. Appendix B: Rules and Directives Applicable to Nuclear Facilities Line Management Oversight

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Appendix B to DOE G 226.1-2A "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." List of rules and directives applicable to nuclear facilities line management oversight.

  20. 8 CCR 1504-7 - Rules and Procedures for Historical, Prehistorical...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    CCR 1504-7 - Rules and Procedures for Historical, Prehistorical, and Archaeological Resources Act Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  1. Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Final Rule for Subchapters A, B, and C

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Final Rule for Subchapters A, B, and C was published February 11, 2011, in the Federal Register 76 FR 7685. The changes are effective March 14, 2011.

  2. DOE Issues Test Procedure Final Rule & Publishes Energy Conservation Standards NOPR for Electric Motors

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures and published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR) regarding energy conservation standards for electric motors.

  3. OAR 340-150 - DEQ Underground Storage Tank Rules | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    150 - DEQ Underground Storage Tank Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: OAR 340-150 - DEQ Underground...

  4. 31 TAC, part 1, chapter 9, rule 9.11 Geophysical and Geochemical...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    9, rule 9.11 Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration Permits Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 31 TAC, part...

  5. 2 CCR 402-10 - Rules and Regulations for Geothermal Well Permitting...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2 CCR 402-10 - Rules and Regulations for Geothermal Well PermittingLegal Abstract Sets forth regulation for issuance of geothermal well permits by the Division of Water Resources....

  6. U.S. HDV GHG and Fuel Efficiency Final Rule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    U.S. HDV GHG and Fuel Efficiency Final Rule Reviews medium- and heavy-duty truck fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions standards and reducing fuel consumption in a diverse ...

  7. Experimental Tests of the GDH and Other Sum Rules at SLAC (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    functions gsub 1 and gsub 2 have been used to experimentally test the Bjorken, Ellis-Jaffe, Burkhardt-Cottingham, and Efremov-Leader-Teryaev sum rules. In the future, the...

  8. 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.79 Definitions in Oil and Gas...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    9 Definitions in Oil and Gas Division Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.79...

  9. 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.93 Water Quality Certification...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    93 Water Quality Certification Definitions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule...

  10. 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.78 Fees and Financial Security...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.78 Fees and Financial Security RequirementsLegal Abstract These regulations...

  11. AAC R14-3 - Corporation Commission Rules of Practice and Procedure...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    3 - Corporation Commission Rules of Practice and Procedure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: AAC R14-3 -...

  12. O.A.R. 141-122 - Rules for Granting Easements on Trust and Non...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: O.A.R. 141-122 - Rules for Granting Easements on Trust and Non-Trust LandLegal Abstract...

  13. O.A.R. 141-083 - Rules for Granting Easements for Fiber Optic...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: O.A.R. 141-083 - Rules for Granting Easements for Fiber Optic and Other CablesLegal...

  14. Department of Energy Extends Comment Period on Proposed Revisions to its NEPA Rules

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy today announced that,  in response to requests from a number of parties, it has re-opened the public comment period on its proposed revisions to the Department’s NEPA rules...

  15. DOE Issues Final Rule for Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Alternative Rating Methods

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy has issued a pre-publication Federal Register final rule revising its existing regulations governing the use of particular methods as alternatives to testing for commercial heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, water heating, and refrigeration equipment.

  16. Colorado - C.R.S. 24-4-101 et seq., Rule-making and Licensing...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Colorado - C.R.S. 24-4-101 et seq., Rule-making and Licensing Procedures by State Agencies Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  17. Colorado - C.R.S. 36-1-131 - State Land Board Hearings - Rules...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Colorado - C.R.S. 36-1-131 - State Land Board Hearings - RulesLegal Abstract This section governs the...

  18. Colorado - C.R.S. 36-1-131 - State Land Board Hearings - Rules...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Colorado - C.R.S. 36-1-131 - State Land Board Hearings - Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Colorado -...

  19. Absorption process for producing oxygen and nitrogen and solution therefor

    DOEpatents

    Roman, I.C.; Baker, R.W.

    1990-09-25

    Process for the separation and purification of oxygen and nitrogen is disclosed which utilizes solutions of oxygen carriers to selectively absorb oxygen from a gaseous stream, leaving nitrogen as a byproduct. In the process, an oxygen carrier capable of reversibly binding molecular oxygen is dissolved in a solvent solution, which absorbs oxygen from an oxygen-containing gaseous feed stream such as atmospheric air and desorbs oxygen to a gaseous product stream. The feed stream is maintained at a sufficiently high oxygen pressure to keep the oxygen carrier in its oxygenated form during absorption, while the product stream is maintained at a sufficiently low oxygen pressure to keep the carrier in its deoxygenated form during desorption. In an alternate mode of operation, the carrier solution is maintained at a sufficiently low temperature and high oxygen pressure to keep the oxygen carrier in its oxygenated form during absorption, and at a sufficiently high temperature to keep the carrier in its deoxygenated form during desorption. Under such conditions, exceptionally high oxygen concentrations on the order of 95% to 99% are obtained, as well as a long carrier lifetime in excess of 3 months, making the process commercially feasible. 1 figure

  20. Theory of nitrogen doping of carbon nanoribbons: Edge effects

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jie; Turnbull, Joseph; Lu, Wenchang; Oak Ridge National Lab.; Boguslawski, Piotr; Univ. of Warsaw; Bernholc, J.; Oak Ridge National Lab.

    2012-01-01

    Nitrogen doping of a carbon nanoribbon is profoundly affected by its one-dimensional character, symmetry, and interaction with edge states. Using state-of-the-art ab initio calculations, including hybrid exact-exchange density functional theory, we find that, for N-doped zigzag ribbons, the electronic properties are strongly dependent upon sublattice effects due to the non-equivalence of the two sublattices. For armchair ribbons, N-doping effects are different depending upon the ribbon family: for families 2 and 0, the N-induced levels are in the conduction band, while for family 1 the N levels are in the gap. In zigzag nanoribbons, nitrogen close to the edge is amore » deep center, while in armchair nanoribbons its behavior is close to an effective-mass-like donor with the ionization energy dependent on the value of the band gap. In chiral nanoribbons, we find strong dependence of the impurity level and formation energy upon the edge position of the dopant, while such site-specificity is not manifested in the magnitude of the magnetization.« less