National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for riders eccr dsm-r-4

  1. OMB CEQ ECCR Statement Sept 2012 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ECCR Statement Sept 2012 OMB CEQ ECCR Statement Sept 2012 OMB CEQ ECCR Statement Sept 2012 (7.45 MB) More Documents & Publications OMB CEQ Statement Nov 2005

  2. ValUQWorkflowInCASL-RiderFinal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    0-0023-000 L3:VUQ.VVDA.P1-1.04 William Rider SNL Completed: 12/30/10 1 SAND2010-234P Unlimited Release December 2010 Verification, Validation and Uncertainty Quantification Workflow in CASL William J. Rider Computational Shock and MultiPhysics Department James R. Kamm and V. Gregory Weirs Optimization and Uncertainty Quantification Department Sandia National Laboratories P.O. Box 5800 Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 Abstract The overall conduct of verification, validation and uncertainty

  3. SunRider Solar LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Product: Arizona-based solar services company providing turnkey solar installations. References: SunRider Solar LLC1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  4. Why cogeneration developers should support cogeneration deferral riders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spiewak, S.


    The author argues that excess capacity can increase retail rates, but deferral riders which allow utilities to offer lower rates to customers who might otherwise turn to cogeneration would optimize existing generating capacity. The author notes that encouraging cogeneration is only one goal of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act, while efficient use of powerplant capability is of equal importance. There will still be opportunities for cogenerators under the Cogeneration Deferral Tariff if they are patient because the concept of the tariff is to defer, not preclude cogeneration.

  5. Green marketing, renewables, and free riders: increasing customer demand for a public good

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, R.; Pickle, S.


    Retail electricity competition will allow customers to select their own power suppliers and some customers will make purchase decisions based, in part, on their concern for the environment. Green power marketing targets these customers under the assumption that they will pay a premium for ``green`` energy products such as renewable power generation. But renewable energy is not a traditional product because it supplies public goods; for example, a customer supporting renewable energy is unable to capture the environmental benefits that their investment provides to non-participating customers. As with all public goods, there is a risk that few customers will purchase ``green`` power and that many will instead ``free ride`` on others` participation. By free riding, an individual is able to enjoy the benefits of the public good while avoiding payment. This report reviews current green power marketing activities in the electric industry, introduces the extensive academic literature on public goods, free riders, and collective action problems, and explores in detail the implications of this literature for the green marketing of renewable energy. Specifically, the authors highlight the implications of the public goods literature for green power product design and marketing communications strategies. They emphasize four mechanisms that marketers can use to increase customer demand for renewable energy. Though the public goods literature can also contribute insights into the potential rationale for renewable energy policies, they leave most of these implications for future work (see Appendix A for a possible research agenda).

  6. OMB CEQ Statement Nov 2005 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Statement Nov 2005 OMB CEQ Statement Nov 2005 OMB CEQ Statement Nov 2005 (3.06 MB) More Documents & Publications OMB CEQ ECCR Statement Sept 2012

  7. MHK Technologies/Wave Rider | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    into electricity Electricity is generated via small turbines powered by hydraulic circuits which captures the energy of the wave and converts it into high pressure hydraulic...

  8. Comet Riders--Nuclear nomads to the stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angelo, J.A. Jr. ); Buden, D. )


    This paper describes the potential role of an evolutionary family of advanced space nuclear power systems (solid core reactor, gas core reactor, and thermonulcear fusion systems) in the detailed exploration of Solar System comets and in the use of interstellar comes to support migratory journeys to the stars by both human beings and their smart robot systems. 14 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. L3:VUQ.VVDA.P2-2.03 William Rider SNL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    87185 Dan G. Cacui Department of Nuclear Engineering North Carolina State University ... Engrng., 6, pp. 30-38 (2004). Roa09 Roache, P., Fundamentals of Verification and ...

  10. L3:VUQ.VVDA.P2-2.05 William Rider SNL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... showing the topology o f mesh cells used in the Cubit derived mesh across the 3x3 channel. ... error is systematic mesh refinement (or de---refinement, i.e., ...

  11. Environmental Conflict Resolution | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Environmental Conflict Resolution Environmental Conflict Resolution In September 2012, the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) , issued a joint memorandum calling for department and agency commitment to the goals identified in the Memorandum on Environmental Collaboration and Conflict Resolution (ECCR), and the goals identified in related policy guidance. This memorandum supersedes an OMB/CEQ joint memorandum issued in November 28, 2005, on

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    riders. Customers must provide all equipment necessary to meet applicable safety, power quality... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial, Nonprofit, Residential, Schools, State...

  13. Greening Transportation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    to LANL. The transit station near TA-03 has a constant stream of buses picking up and dropping off riders, demonstrating LANL workers' commitment to energy-efficient...

  14. Carter Co. Harding Co. Perkins Co. Dunn Co. Dawson Co. Fallon...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)


  15. Info-Gap Analysis of Truncation Errors in Numerical Simulations...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Info-Gap Analysis of Truncation Errors in Numerical Simulations. Authors: Kamm, James R. ; Witkowski, Walter R. ; Rider, William J. ; Trucano, Timothy Guy ; Ben-Haim, Yakov. ...

  16. Info-Gap Analysis of the Numerical Uncertainty Associated with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Abstract not provided. Authors: Kamm, James R ; Rider, William J. ; Witkowski, Walter R. ; Trucano, Timothy Guy ; Ben-Haim, Yakov Publication Date: 2012-03-01 OSTI Identifier: ...

  17. Info-Gap Analysis of Numerical Truncation Errors. (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Info-Gap Analysis of Numerical Truncation Errors. Authors: Kamm, James R. ; Witkowski, Walter R. ; Rider, William J. ; Trucano, Timothy Guy ; Ben-Haim, Yakov. Publication ...

  18. Long-Term Strategy for Environmental Stewardship and Sustainability

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Long-Term Strategy for Environmental Stewardship & Sustainability Hawks nesting Bike rider commutes to work at LANL A bobcat walking on LANL property Weather monitoring at LANL...

  19. City of Brenham- Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The ordinance includes a standard form interconnection application and agreement as well as standard riders. Customers must provide all equipment necessary to meet applicable safety, power quality...

  20. Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    UC Campus, Downtown Berkeley BART, and Rockridge BART stations. Shuttles offer free wifi onboard. Riders are asked to adhere to riding instructions. Active shuttle stops are...

  1. SeaVolt Technologies formerly Sea Power Associates | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    The company's Wave Rider system, which is still in prototype stages, uses buoys and hydraulic pumps to convert the movement of ocean waves into electricity. References: SeaVolt...

  2. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Armstrong, Ivan Basso, Jan Ullrich, and the other remaining riders in the Tour de France climbed LAlpe dHuez, one of the most difficult climbs in all of cycling. Consumers...

  3. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Hedge, P.J. (1) Lee, Pauline (1) Liu Milan (1) Moore, G. (1) Pasternak, Moshe P. (1) ... P.A. ; Rider, S.H. ; Hedge, P.J. ; Moore, G. ; Prichard, C. ; Sheer, D. ; Solomon, ...

  4. ETA-HAC01 - Control, Close-out and Storage of Documentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Donald B. Karner Procedure ETA-HAC01 Revision 0 2 2004 Electric ... Appendix A - Document Close-outRetention Rider 10 Procedure ETA-HAC01 Revision 0 3 ...

  5. ETA-UAC01 - Control, Close-out and Storage of Documentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Donald B. Karner Procedure ETA-UAC01 Revision 0 2 2001 Electric ... Appendix A - Document Close-outRetention Rider 10 Procedure ETA-UAC01 Revision 0 3 2001 ...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... Owners of LiteRider cylinders with a water seal O-ring in the valveend boss assembly pur- chased prior to May 4, 1995, and with part numbers ending in 260, 269, 301, 304, 319, ...

  7. TCAT to Receive Ithaca's First 'Cutting-Edge' Fuel Cell Bus ...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    TCAT to Receive Ithaca's First 'Cutting-Edge' Fuel Cell Bus September 6th, 2013 By Kerry Close Within two years, TCAT riders may be able to make their commute on a "clean,...

  8. Energy Incentive Programs, New Mexico | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Mexico Energy Incentive Programs, New Mexico Updated February 2015 What public-purpose-funded energy efficiency programs are available in my state? Since 2005 the "Efficient Use of Energy" Act has required New Mexico's utilities to fund energy efficiency programs through a fixed tariff rider. The rider is currently 3% of sales revenue for both electricity and natural gas. Additionally, through a series of amendments, electric utilities are required to cost-effectively achieve at least

  9. Ridefinders Application

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    23 (05-92) Ridefinders Application Please submit this application to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Employee Transportation Coordinator, Room 7A-156, Forrestal. U.S. Department of Energy Privacy Act Statement Check all transportation options which interest you: Carpool: Driver Share Driving Rider Vanpool: Driver Share Driving Rider Do you wish to meet your pool in your neighborhood? No (If no, see Alternate Pickup Locations below.) Yes Participation in the Federal Facility Ridesharing

  10. EECBG Success Story: Bike Sharing in Texas: San Antonio Rolls Out Program Aimed at Energy Efficiency and Public Health [DOE]

    As the first bike sharing system in Texas, San Antonio’s B-Cycle addresses two top concerns in the city: providing opportunities to improve personal health and giving active transportation choices to residents and visitors. Riders are empowered to see how they are making a difference in the community. Learn more.

  11. Long-Term Strategy for Environmental Stewardship & Sustainability

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Long-Term Strategy for Environmental Stewardship & Sustainability Hawks nesting Bike rider commutes to work at LANL A bobcat walking on LANL property Weather monitoring at LANL supermoon over Los Alamos New Mexican Spotted Owls Sunset over LANL Over the next several decades, we anticipate significant changes to the mission and operations at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Our strategy commits to a progressively more sustainable site, a mission entwined with and accomplished by effective

  12. Ex parte communication of the California Energy Commission- Docket No.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005 | Department of Energy Ex parte communication of the California Energy Commission- Docket No. EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005 Ex parte communication of the California Energy Commission- Docket No. EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005 On January 6, 2011, Mike Leaon, Harinder Singh, Ken Rider, and Dennis Beck of the California Energy Commission (CEC) had a telephone conversation with Victor Petrolati of DOE regarding the above referenced proceeding, concerning energy conservation standards for

  13. L3:VUQ.VVDA.P3.01 Kevin Copps SNL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    b CASL-U-2011-0196-000-b CASL-U-2011-0196-000-b Personnel, Costs, Challenges/Issues * Personnel and interactions: - THM (Shadid, Smith, Weber, Cyr, Pawlowski) - MPO (Sham, Nath) & VUQ (Copps, Rider, Witkowski) - VRI (Turner, Rodriquez, Garcia) * Cost Estimate (3 person-months, $110K) - Development of new features in Percept - Large amount of time spent on meshing issues * Challenges - Dependency of features in Percept on 3 rd party libraries - Dependency of verification activities on

  14. FAQs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FAQs FAQs Topics: Shuttle Bus Conferencing Passport and Visa Photographs DOE Photography Collection (Energy Technology Visuals Collection-ETVC) Parking and Garage Travel Document Imaging Courier Services Carpeting Moving Shuttle Bus (Go to Shuttle Bus page) 1. What are the requirements to ride the DOE shuttle bus? All riders need a DOE badge or a shuttle bus pass, which may be obtained from Forrestal or Germantown buildings for non badge personnel on official business. 2. Does the shuttle bus go

  15. Case Study: Ebus Hybrid Electric Buses and Trolleys

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)


  16. Max Schulze

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Max Schulze June 9, 2015 Extreme unicycling The unicycle that Los Alamos student intern Max Schulze and his brother had given their dad for Father's Day in 2005 did not get much use until Schulze tried it and got hooked. Today, he is a three-time unicycling world champion, with world wins in New Zealand in 2010, Italy in 2012 and Canada in 2014. "My main competitive unicycling event is 'trials,'" Schulze explains, "which requires riders to navigate technically challenging obstacle

  17. Kansas City Plant Celebrates Safety Milestone

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)



    A gang of motorcycle riders arrived at the NNSA's Kansas City Plant on July 1 to help celebrate a significant safety achievement - working nearly five million hours, covering a one-year period without a lost-time injury. The bikers -- some of whom are plant employees -- represent Bikers Against Child Abuse, the local nonprofit selected to receive a $5,000 donation as part of the plant's safety achievement celebration. The organization was selected because it aligns with the plant's community outreach focus on Family Safety & Security and partnership with the plant's union members.

  18. Lift truck safety review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadwallader, L.C.


    This report presents safety information about powered industrial trucks. The basic lift truck, the counterbalanced sit down rider truck, is the primary focus of the report. Lift truck engineering is briefly described, then a hazard analysis is performed on the lift truck. Case histories and accident statistics are also given. Rules and regulations about lift trucks, such as the US Occupational Safety an Health Administration laws and the Underwriter`s Laboratories standards, are discussed. Safety issues with lift trucks are reviewed, and lift truck safety and reliability are discussed. Some quantitative reliability values are given.


    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street, MS 14 Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: January 12, 2011 United States Department of Energy (DOE) Via e-mail: RE: Ex parte communication of the California Energy Commission Docket No. EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005 To Whom It May Concern, On January 6, 2011, Mike Leaon, Harinder Singh, Ken Rider, and Dennis Beck of the California Energy

  20. Entity- Version 1.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)


    This package contains classes that capture high-level aspects of characters and vehicles. Vehicles manage seats and riders. Vehicles and characters now can be configured to compose different behaviors and have certain capabilities, by adding them through xml data. These behaviors and capabilities are not included in this package, but instead are part of other packages such as mobility behavior, path planning, sight, sound. Entity is not dependent on these other packages. This package also containsmore » the icons used for Umbra applications Dante Scenario Editor, Dante Tabletop and OpShed. This assertion includes a managed C++ wrapper code (EntityWrapper) to enable C# applications, such as Dante Scenario Editor, Dante Tabletop, and OpShed, to incorporate this library.« less

  1. Expected CARIBU beam intensities for October 2016 PAC cycle

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Expected CARIBU beam intensities for October 2016 PAC cycle Note: isotopes in blue squares have not been used for experiment yet, their yields are extrapolated using the 252Cf fission yield table from T.R. England and B.F. Rider, LA-UR-94-3106, ENDF-349 Nuclide t1/2 low energy yield reaccelerated yield (ion/sec on target) (ion/sec on target) 83As 13.4 s 6.3E+02 9.3E+01 83Se 22.3 m 2.4E+02 3.8E+01 84As 5.5 s 5.9E+02 8.3E+01 84Se 3.3 m 6.9E+02 1.1E+02 85As 2.03 s 7.0E+02 8.3E+01 85Se-m 19 s

  2. Political Economy of Brazilian foreign policy: nuclear energy, trade, and Itaipu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soares de Lima, M.R.


    This dissertation advances an analytical framework intended to account for the international strategies of semi-peripheral countries: those industrialized Third World countries able to manufacture and export industrial goods. The empirical validation of the proposed framework was assessed through five case studies of Brazil's conduct in the following issue areas: nuclear energy, trade, and hydroelectric development of the Parana River Basin. A free-rider strategy was observed in the case of the nonproliferation regime. The decision to attain nuclear self sufficiency through the 1975 agreement with West Germany conforms to what was defined as unilateral behavior. Brazil's activism on behalf of Third World demands in North South negotiations as they impinge upon trade matters was accounted for in terms of the existence of private gains accruing from participation in that collective endeavor. Compliance with a regime's rules resulting from the use or threat of use of coercion was observed in the case of multilateral trade negotiations. The last case study examines a pattern of behavior defined as a hegemonic. In the development of a regime for the utilization of the Parana River Basin's hydroelectric potential, Brazil provided positive incentives to its junior partner (Paraguay) and negative inducements to the uncooperative partner (Argentina).

  3. A novel Stirling engine with an elliptic drive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, H.W.; Herold, K.E.; Holland, H.M.; Beach, E.H.


    The concept of the Stirling cycle seems quite simple when presented as a cycle involving two constant temperature and two constant volume processes. The reality of machines that have evolved from the Stirling concept is considerably more complicated. Most real machines employ a drive mechanism that approximates a sinusoidal volume variation for each of the cylinders. This results in an overall volume variation that only poorly approximates the constant volume processes postulated in the classic definition of a Stirling cycle. The difficulties of achieving the piston motions necessary to attain the discontinuous motions of the classic cycle are well known and, as a result, the sinusoidal motions are widely accepted as an inevitable compromise. It is noted that free piston Stirling machines are not constrained in the same manner. However, the discussion here focuses on kinematic drive machines. In the current study, a Rider-type engine with an elliptic drive is modeled with the objective of clarifying the potential of a more ideal volume variation. This drive mechanism is the subject of a US Patent filed with Serial Number 08/360,052 on 20 December 1994.

  4. Multiple pole electromagnetic propulsion system with separated ballistic guidance and electrical current contact surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sims, Jr., James R.


    An electromagnetic propulsion system is disclosed having separate rails for ballistic guidance and for carrying current. In this system, one or more pairs of ballistic guidance rails are provided, with each ballistic guidance rail having a pair of current carrying rails joined to it to form a combined rail. Each combined rail is separated electrically from adjacent combined rails by electrically insulating blocks. Each of the current carrying rails in a given combined rail pair have the same electrical polarity, and the polarities alternate between adjacent combined rails. Armatures contact current carrying rails to complete the circuit to generate the accelerating Lorentz force on the armatures. Bore riders on the sabot and/or projectile are in contact with the ballistic guide rails. Separation of the current carrying and ballistic guidance functions increases resistance of the system to rail movement and bending, as well as reduced wear/damage to the rails. In further embodiments, a circumferential over wrap providing compressive force on the rails further increases resistance of the system to rail movement and bending.

  5. Regulations Related to the Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria and Implications of Not Renewing the Moratoria (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications


    From 1982 through 2008, Congress annually enacted appropriations riders prohibiting the Minerals Management Service (MMS) of the U.S. Department of the Interior from conducting activities related to leasing, exploration, and production of oil and natural gas on much of the federal Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). Further, a separate executive ban (originally put in place in 1990 by President George H.W. Bush and later extended by President William J. Clinton through 2012) also prohibited leasing on the OCS, with the exception of the Western Gulf of Mexico, portions of the Central and Eastern Gulf of Mexico, and Alaska. In combination, those actions prohibited drilling along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, and in portions of the central Gulf of Mexico. The Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432) imposed yet a third ban on drilling through 2022 on tracts in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico that are within 125 miles of Florida, east of a dividing line known as the Military Mission Line, and in the Central Gulf of Mexico within 100 miles of Florida.

  6. Detroit Commuter Hydrogen Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, Jerry; Prebo, Brendan


    luggage. By collecting fuel use data for the two H2ICE buses, with both written driver logs and onboard telemetry devices, and for two conventional propane-gasoline powered buses in the same service, comparisons of operating efficiency and maintenance requirements were completed. Public opinion about the concept of hydrogen fuel was sampled with a rider survey throughout the demonstration. The demonstration was very effective in adding to the understanding of the application of hydrogen as a transportation fuel. The two 9 passenger H2ICE buses accumulated nearly 50,000 miles and carried 14,285 passengers. Data indicated the H2ICE bus fuel economy to be 9.4 miles/ gallon of gasoline equivalent (m/GGE) compared to the 10 passenger propane-gasoline bus average of 9.8 m/GGE over 32,400 miles. The 23- passenger bus averaged 7.4 m/GGE over 40,700 miles. Rider feedback from 1050 on-board survey cards was overwhelmingly positive with 99.6% indicating they would ride again on a hydrogen powered vehicle. Minimal maintenance was required for theses buses during the demonstration project, but a longer duration demonstration would be required to more adequately assess this aspect of the concept.

  7. Controlling weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanzman, E.A.


    Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the improvement in international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. The emphasis in the phrase ``Cold War`` was on the word ``cold,`` and relations with the former Communist regimes are now ``warm`` by comparison. It is equally valid to consider what has happened to the word ``was` in this highly descriptive phrase. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of the last fifty years, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. Out of these military postures a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to controlling weapons,of mass destruction through the ``rule of law.`` Rawls wrote that ``legal system is a coercive order of public rules addressed to rational persons for the purpose of regulating their conduct and providing the framework for social cooperation. The regular and impartial administration of public rules, becomes the rule of law when applied to the legal system.`` Inparticular, Rawls identifies as part of this system of public rules those laws that aim to prevent free riders on the economic system and those that aim to correct such externalities as environmental pollution.``

  8. Decision Analysis Science Modeling for Application and Fielding Selection Applied to Concrete Decontamination Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebadian, M.A. Ross, T.L.


    Concrete surfaces contaminated with radionuclides present a significant challenge during the decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) process. As structures undergo D and D, coating layers and/or surface layers of the concrete containing the contaminants must be removed for disposal in such a way as to present little to no risk to human health or the environment. The selection of a concrete decontamination technology that is safe, efficient, and cost-effective is critical to the successful D and D of contaminated sites. To support U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management objectives and to assist DOE site managers in the selection of the best-suited concrete floor decontamination technology(s) for a given site, two innovative and three baseline technologies have been assessed under standard, non-nuclear conditions at the Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) at Florida International University (FIU). The innovative technologies assessed include the Pegasus Coating Removal System and Textron's Electro-Hydraulic Scabbling System. The three baseline technologies assessed include: the Wheelabrator Blastrac model 1-15D, the NELCO Porta Shot Blast{trademark} model GPx-1O-18 HO Rider, and the NELCO Porta Shot Blast{trademark} model EC-7-2. These decontamination technology assessments provide directly comparable performance data that have previously been available for only a limited number of technologies under restrictive site-specific constraints. Some of the performance data collected during these technology assessments include: removal capability, production rate, removal gap, primary and secondary waste volumes, and operation and maintenance requirements. The performance data generated by this project is intended to assist DOE site managers in the selection of the safest, most efficient, and cost-effective decontamination technologies to accomplish their remediation objectives.

  9. Southern Nevada Alternative Fuels Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyde, Dan; Fast, Matthew


    The Southern Nevada Alternative Fuels Program is designed to demonstrate, in a day-to-day bus operation, the reliability and efficiency of a hydrogen bus operation under extreme conditions. By using ICE technology and utilizing a virtually emission free fuel, benefits to be derived include air quality enhancement and vehicle performance improvements from domestically produced, renewable energy sources. The project objective is to help both Ford and the City demonstrate and evaluate the performance characteristics of the E-450 H2ICE shuttle buses developed by Ford, which use a 6.8-liter supercharged Triton V-10 engine with a hydrogen storage system equivalent to 29 gallons of gasoline. The technology used during the demonstration project in the Ford buses is a modified internal combustion engine that allows the vehicles to run on 100% hydrogen fuel. Hydrogen gives a more thorough fuel burn which results in more power and responsiveness and less pollution. The resultant emissions from the tailpipe are 2010 Phase II compliant with NO after treatment. The City will lease two of these E-450 H2ICE buses from Ford for two years. The buses are outfitted with additional equipment used to gather information needed for the evaluation. Performance, reliability, safety, efficiency, and rider comments data will be collected. The method of data collection will be both electronically and manually. Emissions readings were not obtained during the project. The City planned to measure the vehicle exhaust with an emissions analyzer machine but discovered the bus emission levels were below the capability of their machine. Passenger comments were solicited on the survey cards. The majority of comments were favorable. The controllable issues encountered during this demonstration project were mainly due to the size of the hydrogen fuel tanks at the site and the amount of fuel that could be dispensed during a specified period of time. The uncontrollable issues encountered during this

  10. Fission Product Data Measured at Los Alamos for Fission Spectrum and Thermal Neutrons on {sup 239}Pu, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selby, H.D.; Mac Innes, M.R.; Barr, D.W.; Keksis, A.L.; Meade, R.A.; Burns, C.J.; Chadwick, M.B.; Wallstrom, T.C.


    We describe measurements of fission product data at Los Alamos that are important for determining the number of fissions that have occurred when neutrons are incident on plutonium and uranium isotopes. The fission-spectrum measurements were made using a fission chamber designed by the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) in the BIG TEN critical assembly, as part of the Inter-laboratory Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) Reaction Rate (ILRR) collaboration. The thermal measurements were made at Los Alamos' Omega West Reactor. A related set of measurements were made of fission-product ratios (so-called R-values) in neutron environments provided by a number of Los Alamos critical assemblies that range from having average energies causing fission of 400-600 keV (BIG TEN and the outer regions of the Flattop-25 assembly) to higher energies (1.4-1.9 MeV) in the Jezebel, and in the central regions of the Flattop-25 and Flattop-Pu, critical assemblies. From these data we determine ratios of fission product yields in different fuel and neutron environments (Q-values) and fission product yields in fission spectrum neutron environments for {sup 99}Mo, {sup 95}Zr, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 140}Ba, {sup 141,143}Ce, and {sup 147}Nd. Modest incident-energy dependence exists for the {sup 147}Nd fission product yield; this is discussed in the context of models for fission that include thermal and dynamical effects. The fission product data agree with measurements by Maeck and other authors using mass-spectrometry methods, and with the ILRR collaboration results that used gamma spectroscopy for quantifying fission products. We note that the measurements also contradict earlier 1950s historical Los Alamos estimates by {approx}5-7%, most likely owing to self-shielding corrections not made in the early thermal measurements. Our experimental results provide a confirmation of the England-Rider ENDF/B-VI evaluated fission-spectrum fission product yields that were carried

  11. Oil-free centrifugal hydrogen compression technology demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heshmat, Hooshang


    One of the key elements in realizing a mature market for hydrogen vehicles is the deployment of a safe and efficient hydrogen production and delivery infrastructure on a scale that can compete economically with current fuels. The challenge, however, is that hydrogen, being the lightest and smallest of gases with a lower viscosity and density than natural gas, readily migrates through small spaces and is difficult to compresses efficiently. While efficient and cost effective compression technology is crucial to effective pipeline delivery of hydrogen, the compression methods used currently rely on oil lubricated positive displacement (PD) machines. PD compression technology is very costly, has poor reliability and durability, especially for components subjected to wear (e.g., valves, rider bands and piston rings) and contaminates hydrogen with lubricating fluid. Even so called “oil-free” machines use oil lubricants that migrate into and contaminate the gas path. Due to the poor reliability of PD compressors, current hydrogen producers often install duplicate units in order to maintain on-line times of 98-99%. Such machine redundancy adds substantially to system capital costs. As such, DOE deemed that low capital cost, reliable, efficient and oil-free advanced compressor technologies are needed. MiTi’s solution is a completely oil-free, multi-stage, high-speed, centrifugal compressor designed for flow capacity of 500,000 kg/day with a discharge pressure of 1200 psig. The design employs oil-free compliant foil bearings and seals to allow for very high operating speeds, totally contamination free operation, long life and reliability. This design meets the DOE’s performance targets and achieves an extremely aggressive, specific power metric of 0.48 kW-hr/kg and provides significant improvements in reliability/durability, energy efficiency, sealing and freedom from contamination. The multi-stage compressor system concept has been validated through full scale

  12. Radionuclide Partitioning in an Underground Nuclear Test Cavity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, T P; Hu, Q; Zhao, P; Conrado, C L; Dickerson, R; Eaton, G F; Kersting, A B; Moran, J E; Nimz, G; Powell, B A; Ramon, E C; Ryerson, F J; Williams, R W; Wooddy, P T; Zavarin, M


    In 2004, a borehole was drilled into the 1983 Chancellor underground nuclear test cavity to investigate the distribution of radionuclides within the cavity. Sidewall core samples were collected from a range of depths within the re-entry hole and two sidetrack holes. Upon completion of drilling, casing was installed and a submersible pump was used to collect groundwater samples. Test debris and groundwater samples were analyzed for a variety of radionuclides including the fission products {sup 99}Tc, {sup 125}Sb, {sup 129}I, {sup 137}Cs, and {sup 155}Eu, the activation products {sup 60}Co, {sup 152}Eu, and {sup 154}Eu, and the actinides U, Pu, and Am. In addition, the physical and bulk chemical properties of the test debris were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Electron Microprobe measurements. Analytical results were used to evaluate the partitioning of radionuclides between the melt glass, rubble, and groundwater phases in the Chancellor test cavity. Three comparative approaches were used to calculate partitioning values, though each method could not be applied to every nuclide. These approaches are based on: (1) the average Area 19 inventory from Bowen et al. (2001); (2) melt glass, rubble, and groundwater mass estimates from Zhao et al. (2008); and (3) fission product mass yield data from England and Rider (1994). The U and Pu analyses of the test debris are classified and partitioning estimates for these elements were calculated directly from the classified Miller et al. (2002) inventory for the Chancellor test. The partitioning results from this study were compared to partitioning data that were previously published by the IAEA (1998). Predictions of radionuclide distributions from the two studies are in agreement for a majority of the nuclides under consideration. Substantial differences were noted in the partitioning values for {sup 99}Tc, {sup 125}Sb, {sup 129}I, and uranium. These differences are attributable to two factors