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Sample records for red wing minnesota

  1. Crow Wing County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wing County, Minnesota Brainerd Public Utilities Places in Crow Wing County, Minnesota Baxter, Minnesota Brainerd, Minnesota Breezy Point, Minnesota Crosby, Minnesota Crosslake,...

  2. Goodhue County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Energy Generation Facilities in Goodhue County, Minnesota Red Wing Biomass Facility Places in Goodhue County, Minnesota Bellechester, Minnesota...

  3. Red Lake County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Lake County is a county in Minnesota. Its FIPS County Code is 125. It is classified as...

  4. Beltrami County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lake, Minnesota Funkley, Minnesota Kelliher, Minnesota Little Rock, Minnesota Lower Red Lake, Minnesota North Beltrami, Minnesota Ponemah, Minnesota Red Lake, Minnesota Redby,...

  5. Kittson County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Kennedy, Minnesota Lake Bronson, Minnesota Lancaster, Minnesota North Red River, Minnesota St. Vincent, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  6. Minnesota - Compare - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Minnesota

  7. Minnesota - Rankings - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Minnesota

  8. Minnesota - Search - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Minnesota

  9. MULTI-EPOCH OBSERVATIONS OF THE RED WING EXCESS IN THE SPECTRUM OF 3C 279

    SciTech Connect

    Punsly, Brian E-mail: brian.punsly@comdev-usa.com

    2013-01-10

    It has been previously determined that there is a highly significant correlation between the spectral index from 10 GHz to 1350 A and the amount of excess luminosity in the red wing of quasar C IV {lambda}1549 broad emission lines (BELs). Ostensibly, the prominence of the red excess is associated with the radio jet emission mechanism and is most pronounced for lines of sight close to the jet axis. Studying the scant significant differences in the UV spectra of radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars might provide vital clues to the origin of the unknown process that creates powerful relativistic jets that appear in only about 10% of quasars. In this study, the phenomenon is explored with multi-epoch observations of the Mg II {lambda}2798 broad line in 3C 279 which has one of the largest known red wing excesses in a quasar spectrum. The amount of excess that is detected appears to be independent of all directly observed optical continuum, radio, or submillimeter properties (fluxes or polarizations). The only trend that occurs in this sparse data is: the stronger the BEL, the larger the fraction of flux that resides in the red wing. It is concluded that more monitoring is needed and spectropolarimetry with a large telescope is essential during low states to understand more.

  10. A z ∼ 5.7 Lyα emission line with an ultrabroad red wing

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Huan; Wang, JunXian; Zheng, Zhen-Ya; Malhotra, Sangeeta; Rhoads, James E.; Infante, Leopoldo E-mail: jxw@mail.ustc.edu.cn E-mail: smalhotr@asu.edu E-mail: linfante@astro.puc.cl

    2014-03-20

    Using the Lyα emission line as a tracer of high-redshift, star-forming galaxies, hundreds of Lyα emission line galaxies (LAEs) at z > 5 have been detected. These LAEs are considered to be low-mass young galaxies, critical to the re-ionization of the universe and the metal enrichment of the circumgalactic medium (CGM) and the intergalactic medium (IGM). It is assumed that outflows in LAEs can help both ionizing photons and Lyα photons escape from galaxies. However, we still know little about the outflows in high-redshift LAEs due to observational difficulties, especially at redshift >5. Models of Lyα radiative transfer predict asymmetric Lyα line profiles with broad red wings in LAEs with outflows. Here, we report a z ∼ 5.7 Lyα emission line with a broad red wing extending to >1000 km s{sup –1} relative to the peak of Lyα line, which has been detected in only a couple of z > 5 LAEs until now. If the broad red wing is ascribed to gas outflow instead of active galactic nucleus activity, the outflow velocity could be larger than the escape velocity (∼500 km s{sup –1}) of a typical halo mass of z ∼ 5.7 LAEs, which is consistent with the idea that outflows in LAEs disperse metals to CGM and IGM.

  11. Assessment of stormwater impoundments as contaminant hazards to red-winged blackbirds

    SciTech Connect

    Eisemann, J.D.; Spading, D.

    1995-12-31

    Stormwater impoundments, a recent engineering solution to the treatment of stormwater, slow runoff and allow the settling of sediments and associated contaminants. They also provide valuable habitat in urban settings. In this study, the authors used red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) to indicate potential contaminant hazards to avian species reared in stormwater impoundments. The authors studied four types of impoundments, grouped by the development in the supplying drainage; residential, commercial and highway development and a reference site with no development. They examined physiological biomarkers of 56, 8-day old nestlings, nesting parameters and foraging location of parent birds, food items delivered to nestlings, water chemistry, and sediments. Biomarker analysis included whole blood analysis for ALAD, blood serum chemistry (i.e., ALT, AST, CK, LDH, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, uric acid) and oxidative stress enzymes in liver tissue. Hepatic EROD and brain acetylcholinesterase levels were analyzed to assess exposure to contaminants other than metals. All samples were assayed for heavy metals by atomic absorption. A total of 198 nests were located. Overall nest success was significantly higher at the impoundment with no development in the supplying drainage. Focal parent feeding observations indicated females foraged less often in impoundments in highway locations. Preliminary analyses indicate sediments are not accumulating high metal levels. Serum and hepatic biomarker analyses indicate no statistically significant effects among drainage types.

  12. Pope County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Brooten, Minnesota Cyrus, Minnesota Farwell, Minnesota Glenwood, Minnesota Long Beach, Minnesota Lowry, Minnesota Sedan, Minnesota Starbuck, Minnesota Villard,...

  13. Marshall County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Middle River, Minnesota Mud Lake, Minnesota Newfolden, Minnesota Oslo, Minnesota Stephen, Minnesota Strandquist, Minnesota Viking, Minnesota Warren, Minnesota Retrieved from...

  14. Wadena County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Aldrich, Minnesota Menahga, Minnesota Nimrod, Minnesota Sebeka, Minnesota Staples, Minnesota Verndale, Minnesota Wadena, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:...

  15. Otter Tail County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    County, Minnesota Battle Lake, Minnesota Bluffton, Minnesota Clitherall, Minnesota Dalton, Minnesota Deer Creek, Minnesota Dent, Minnesota Elizabeth, Minnesota Erhard,...

  16. Carver County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Cologne, Minnesota Hamburg, Minnesota Mayer, Minnesota New Germany, Minnesota Norwood Young America, Minnesota Victoria, Minnesota Waconia, Minnesota Watertown, Minnesota...

  17. Grant County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Ashby, Minnesota Barrett, Minnesota Elbow Lake, Minnesota Herman, Minnesota Hoffman, Minnesota Norcross, Minnesota Wendell, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:...

  18. Redwood County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Highwater Ethanol Places in Redwood County, Minnesota Belview, Minnesota Clements, Minnesota Delhi, Minnesota Lamberton, Minnesota Lucan, Minnesota Milroy, Minnesota...

  19. Todd County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Browerville, Minnesota Burtrum, Minnesota Clarissa, Minnesota Eagle Bend, Minnesota Grey Eagle, Minnesota Hewitt, Minnesota Long Prairie, Minnesota Osakis, Minnesota Staples,...

  20. Washington County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Pine Springs, Minnesota Scandia, Minnesota St. Marys Point, Minnesota St. Paul Park, Minnesota Stillwater, Minnesota White Bear Lake, Minnesota Willernie, Minnesota...

  1. Big Stone County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Beardsley, Minnesota Clinton, Minnesota Correll, Minnesota Graceville, Minnesota Johnson, Minnesota Odessa, Minnesota Ortonville, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:...

  2. Carlton County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    River, Minnesota Moose Lake, Minnesota North Carlton, Minnesota Scanlon, Minnesota Thomson, Minnesota Wrenshall, Minnesota Wright, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:...

  3. Mower County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Le Roy, Minnesota Lyle, Minnesota Mapleview, Minnesota Racine, Minnesota Rose Creek, Minnesota Sargeant, Minnesota Taopi, Minnesota Waltham, Minnesota Retrieved from...

  4. Polk County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Crookston, Minnesota East Grand Forks, Minnesota Erskine, Minnesota Fertile, Minnesota Fisher, Minnesota Fosston, Minnesota Gully, Minnesota Lengby, Minnesota McIntosh, Minnesota...

  5. McLeod County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Lester Prairie, Minnesota Plato, Minnesota Silver Lake, Minnesota Stewart, Minnesota Winsted, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  6. Douglas County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Garfield, Minnesota Kensington, Minnesota Millerville, Minnesota Miltona, Minnesota Nelson, Minnesota Osakis, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  7. Stearns County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Advanced Lighting Systems Places in Stearns County, Minnesota Albany, Minnesota Avon, Minnesota Belgrade, Minnesota Brooten, Minnesota Clearwater, Minnesota Cold Spring,...

  8. St. Louis County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Heikkala Lake, Minnesota Hermantown, Minnesota Hibbing, Minnesota Hoyt Lakes, Minnesota Hush Lake, Minnesota Iron Junction, Minnesota Janette Lake, Minnesota Kinney, Minnesota...

  9. Yellow Medicine County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Echo, Minnesota Granite Falls, Minnesota Hanley Falls, Minnesota Hazel Run, Minnesota Porter, Minnesota St. Leo, Minnesota Wood Lake, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:...

  10. Becker County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Subtype A. Places in Becker County, Minnesota Audubon, Minnesota Callaway, Minnesota Detroit Lakes, Minnesota Frazee, Minnesota Lake Park, Minnesota Ogema, Minnesota Pine Point,...

  11. Wilkin County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    7 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Wilkin County, Minnesota Breckenridge, Minnesota Campbell, Minnesota Doran, Minnesota Foxhome, Minnesota Kent, Minnesota Nashua, Minnesota...

  12. Chisago County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    A. Places in Chisago County, Minnesota Center City, Minnesota Chisago City, Minnesota Harris, Minnesota Lindstrom, Minnesota North Branch, Minnesota Rush City, Minnesota Shafer,...

  13. Chippewa County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Places in Chippewa County, Minnesota Clara City, Minnesota Granite Falls, Minnesota Maynard, Minnesota Milan, Minnesota Montevideo, Minnesota Watson, Minnesota Retrieved from...

  14. Lac qui Parle County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    A. Places in Lac qui Parle County, Minnesota Bellingham, Minnesota Boyd, Minnesota Dawson, Minnesota Louisburg, Minnesota Madison, Minnesota Marietta, Minnesota Nassau,...

  15. Minnesota Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Energy Place: Buffalo Lake, Minnesota Zip: 55314 Product: 21mmgy (79.5m litresy) farmer-owned ethanol production cooperative. References: Minnesota Energy1 This...

  16. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Summary"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Prices" "Sourcekey","N3050MN3","N3010MN3","N3020MN3","N3035MN3","N3045MN3" "Date","Natural Gas Citygate Price in Minnesota (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","Minnesota Price of ...

  17. Pine County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Zone Number 7 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Pine County, Minnesota Askov, Minnesota Brook Park, Minnesota Bruno, Minnesota Denham, Minnesota Finlayson, Minnesota Henriette,...

  18. Watonwan County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Watonwan County, Minnesota Butterfield, Minnesota Darfur, Minnesota La Salle, Minnesota Lewisville, Minnesota Madelia, Minnesota Odin,...

  19. Sherburne County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    County, Minnesota Elk River Biomass Facility Places in Sherburne County, Minnesota Becker, Minnesota Big Lake, Minnesota Clear Lake, Minnesota Elk River, Minnesota Princeton,...

  20. Kanabec County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Subtype A. Places in Kanabec County, Minnesota Braham, Minnesota Grasston, Minnesota Mora, Minnesota Ogilvie, Minnesota Quamba, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  1. Morrison County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Morrison County, Minnesota Bowlus, Minnesota Buckman, Minnesota Elmdale, Minnesota Flensburg, Minnesota Genola, Minnesota Harding,...

  2. Meeker County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Meeker County, Minnesota Cedar Mills, Minnesota Cosmos, Minnesota Darwin, Minnesota Dassel, Minnesota Eden Valley, Minnesota Grove City,...

  3. Freeborn County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    County, Minnesota Agra Resources Cooperative EXOL Places in Freeborn County, Minnesota Albert Lea, Minnesota Alden, Minnesota Clarks Grove, Minnesota Conger, Minnesota Emmons,...

  4. Renville County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Falls Energy Minnesota Energy Sunrise Agri Fuels Places in Renville County, Minnesota Bird Island, Minnesota Buffalo Lake, Minnesota Danube, Minnesota Fairfax, Minnesota...

  5. Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant name... States Power Co - Minnesota" "2 Plants 3 Reactors","1,594","13,478",100.0

  6. Lincoln County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Consulting LLC Utility Companies in Lincoln County, Minnesota City of Tyler, Minnesota (Utility Company) Places in Lincoln County, Minnesota Arco, Minnesota Hendricks, Minnesota...

  7. Benton County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ronneby, Minnesota Royalton, Minnesota Sartell, Minnesota Sauk Rapids, Minnesota St. Cloud, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBentonCounty,Minne...

  8. Dakota County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Landfill Biomass Facility Pine Bend Biomass Facility Places in Dakota County, Minnesota Apple Valley, Minnesota Burnsville, Minnesota Coates, Minnesota Eagan, Minnesota Farmington,...

  9. Murray County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    as ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Murray County, Minnesota Avoca, Minnesota Chandler, Minnesota Currie, Minnesota Dovray, Minnesota...

  10. Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    in Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota Baudette, Minnesota Roosevelt, Minnesota Williams, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLakeoftheWoodsC...

  11. Isanti County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Isanti County, Minnesota Braham, Minnesota Cambridge, Minnesota Isanti, Minnesota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  12. Anoka County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Subtype A. Registered Energy Companies in Anoka County, Minnesota BioCat Fuels LLC Ever Cat Fuels LLC Places in Anoka County, Minnesota Andover, Minnesota Anoka, Minnesota Bethel,...

  13. Inflatable wing

    DOEpatents

    Priddy, Tommy G.

    1988-01-01

    An inflatable wing is formed from a pair of tapered, conical inflatable tubes in bonded tangential contact with each other. The tubes are further connected together by means of top and bottom reinforcement boards having corresponding longitudinal edges lying in the same central diametral plane passing through the associated tube. The reinforcement boards are made of a stiff reinforcement material, such as Kevlar, collapsible in a direction parallel to the spanwise wing axis upon deflation of the tubes. The stiff reinforcement material cooperates with the inflated tubes to impart structural I-beam characteristics to the composite structure for transferring inflation pressure-induced tensile stress from the tubes to the reinforcement boards. A plurality of rigid hoops shaped to provide airfoil definition are spaced from each other along the spanwise axis and are connected to the top and bottom reinforcement boards. Tension lines are employed for stabilizing the hoops along the trailing and leading edges thereof.

  14. Red Lake Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Red Lake Electric Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red Lake Electric Coop, Inc Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 218-253-2168 or 800-245-6068 Website: www.redlakeelectric.c...

  15. Red River Valley Coop Pwr Assn | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Red River Valley Coop Pwr Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red River Valley Coop Pwr Assn Place: Minnesota Website: www.rrvcoop.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.comRRVCPA...

  16. Minnesota E85 Test Market

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    E85 Test Minnesota E85 Test Market Market Update & Possible Lessons for H2 Update & Possible Lessons for H2 Development Development Tim Gerlach Tim Gerlach American Lung Association of the Upper Midwest American Lung Association of the Upper Midwest Illinois Illinois - - Indiana Indiana - - Iowa Iowa - - Minnesota Minnesota North Dakota North Dakota - - South Dakota South Dakota - - Wisconsin Wisconsin 651.227.8014 651.227.8014 * * CleanAirChoice.org CleanAirChoice.org NREL H2 Refueling

  17. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Energy Pathways Project | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Minneapolis, Minnesota: Energy Pathways Project This presentation features Brian Ross, a consultant for the City of Minneapolis, Minnesota with CR Planning. Ross provides an ...

  18. University of Minnesota | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: University of Minnesota Place: Minneapolis, Minnesota Product: Higher education research institution. Coordinates: 44.979035, -93.264929 Show Map Loading map......

  19. Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Tankless Water Heater Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator Minnesota Energy Resources Website http:www.minnesotaenergyresources.comhomerebates.aspx State Minnesota...

  20. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pollution Control Agency Jump to: navigation, search Name: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Place: St. Paul, Minnesota Zip: 55155-4194 Product: Focused on reducing and preventing...

  1. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals ...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ... 7:00:48 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ...

  2. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity ... 7:00:58 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity ...

  3. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption ... 7:09:42 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption ...

  4. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Withdrawals (MMcf...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage ... 7:00:37 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage ...

  5. Mark Jankowski: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mark Jankowski: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Alumni Link: Opportunities, News and ... Latest Issue:September 2015 all issues All Issues submit Mark Jankowski: Minnesota ...

  6. 2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition: University of Minnesota...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Profile 2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition: University of Minnesota Profile 2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition: University of Minnesota Profile, as ...

  7. Faribault County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Registered Energy Companies in Faribault County, Minnesota Corn Plus Utility Companies in Faribault County, Minnesota City of Wells, Minnesota (Utility...

  8. Minnesota's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota (Utility Company) City of Wadena, Minnesota (Utility Company) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMinnesota%27s8thcongressionaldistrict&oldid194540...

  9. EA-196 Minnesota Power, Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EA-196 Minnesota Power, Inc Order authorizing Minnesota Power, Inc to export electric energy to Canada. EA-196 Minnesota Power, Inc (33.61 KB) More Documents & Publications ...

  10. Ramsey County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Agency WindLogics Inc Energy Generation Facilities in Ramsey County, Minnesota St. Paul Biomass Facility Places in Ramsey County, Minnesota Arden Hills, Minnesota Blaine,...

  11. Minnesota's Project ReEnergize Brings Rebates and Work | Department...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    In addition, Minnesota is home to several window manufacturers who have seen a decline in ... "This program uniquely fit Minnesota," he notes. Good boost to Minnesota business Richard ...

  12. EA-196-C Minnesota Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    C Minnesota Power EA-196-C Minnesota Power Order authorizing Minnesota Power to export electric energy to Canada. EA-196-C Minnesota.pdf (138.47 KB) More Documents & Publications ...

  13. EA-196-B Minnesota Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EA-196-B Minnesota Power Order authorizing Minnesota Power to export electric energy to Canada. EA-196-B Minnesota Power (1.67 MB) More Documents & Publications EA-196-C Minnesota ...

  14. Minnesota's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Networking Organizations in Minnesota's 7th congressional district Indigenous Environmental Network Registered Energy Companies in Minnesota's 7th congressional...

  15. EIS-0300: Minnesota Agri-Power Project: Biomass for Rural Development, Granite Falls, Minnesota

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes DOE and the Minnesota Environmental Quality Boards' [MEQB, a Minnesota State agency] decision to support a proposal by the Minnesota Valley Alfalfa Producers (MnVAP) to construct and operate a 75–103 megawatt biomass fueled gasifier and electric generating facility, known as the Minnesota Agri-Power Plant (MAPP), and associated transmission lines and alfalfa processing facilities.

  16. Adrian, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Adrian is a city in Nobles County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 1st congressional district.12...

  17. Adams, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Adams is a city in Mower County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 1st congressional...

  18. Virginia, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Virginia is a city in St. Louis County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 8th...

  19. Duluth, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Duluth is a city in St. Louis County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 8th congressional...

  20. Blaine, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Blaine is a city in Anoka County and Ramsey County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 6th congressional district.12...

  1. Energy Incentive Programs, Minnesota | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Energy Incentive Programs, Minnesota Updated June 2015 Minnesota utilities collectively budgeted over $180 million for energy efficiency and load management programs in 2014. What public-purpose-funded energy efficiency programs are available in my state? Minnesota has no public-purpose-funded energy efficiency programs. What utility energy efficiency programs are available to me? State law requires regulated electric utilities to invest 1.5% (2% for Xcel) of their in-state revenues in

  2. Bemidji, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    district.12 Registered Networking Organizations in Bemidji, Minnesota Indigenous Environmental Network References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor...

  3. Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant name/total reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net generation (percent)","Owner" "Monticello Unit 1",554,"4,695",34.8,"Northern States Power Co - Minnesota" "Prairie Island Unit 1, Unit 2","1,040","8,783",65.2,"Northern States Power Co -

  4. Recovery Act State Memos Minnesota

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Minnesota For questions about DOE's Recovery Act activities, please contact the DOE Recovery Act Clearinghouse: 1-888-DOE-RCVY (888-363-7289), Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Eastern Time https://recoveryclearinghouse.energy.gov/contactUs.htm. All numbers and projects listed as of June 1, 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT................................................................................... 1 FUNDING ALLOCATION

  5. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Minnesota | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Minnesota Location Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions in Minnesota. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 26, 2016 CX-100703 Categorical Exclusion Determination Creation of an online B2B platform specifically designed for the US solar marketplace that facilitates the brokering and commerce around grey market excess inventory and vintage replacement parts Award Number: DE-EE0007587 CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Solar Energy

  6. EA-196-A Minnesota Power, Sales | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EA-196-A Minnesota Power, Sales Order authorizing Minnesota Power, Sales to export electric energy to Canada. EA-196-A Minnesota Power, Sales (34.09 KB) More Documents & ...

  7. EA-196-D Minnesota Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Order authorizing Minnesota Power to export electric energy to Canada. EA-196-D Minnesota ... Docket No. EA-196-D Minnesota Power EA-409 Saracen Power LP EA-342-A Royal Bank of Canada

  8. Minnesota Valley Coop L&P Assn | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Valley Coop L&P Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Minnesota Valley Coop L&P Assn Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 320-269-2163 or 1-800-247-5051 Website:...

  9. Minnesota/Incentives | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Yes Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Minnesota) Utility Rebate Program Yes Alexandria Light and Power - Energy Efficient Water Heater...

  10. Minnesota Natural Gas Consumption by End Use

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Gulf of Mexico Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New...

  11. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release Date:","9302015" ,"Next Release...

  12. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release Date:","9302015" ,"Next Release...

  13. University of Minnesota Hydrodynamics | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hydrodynamics Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name University of Minnesota Address St. Anthony Falls Laboratory, 2 Third Avenue SE Place...

  14. Second Assessment, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Second Assessment, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.5963193, -93.8481904 Show Map Loading map......

  15. Baxter, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Baxter, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.341221, -94.282414 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservic...

  16. Minnesota Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Connecticut Delaware Georgia Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Jersey New...

  17. Richfield, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district.12 Registered Energy Companies in Richfield, Minnesota Best Buy References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil division population...

  18. Minnesota Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ind... State Minnesota Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator Recycling: 35-50 Refrigerator: 25 Clothes Washer: 40 mail-in rebate General Lighting:...

  19. Garrison, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Garrison, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.2944038, -93.8269216 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  20. Hopkins, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hopkins, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.9267, -93.405282 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice...

  1. Jewett, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Incorporated place and minor civil division population dataset (All States, all geography) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleJewett,Minnesota&oldid2385...

  2. Minnesota/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guidebook >> Minnesota Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  3. Minnesota Valley Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    https:www.facebook.compagesMinnesota-Valley-Electric-Cooperative212971310374 Outage Hotline: 1-800-232-2328 Outage Map: outage.mvec.net References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  4. Anoka, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    6th congressional district.12 Registered Energy Companies in Anoka, Minnesota Ever Cat Fuels LLC References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil division...

  5. Davidson, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Incorporated place and minor civil division population dataset (All States, all geography) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDavidson,Minnesota&oldid23...

  6. ,"Minnesota Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...282016 11:29:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Underground Storage" ... Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (MMcf)","Minnesota Natural Gas in ...

  7. Tyler, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tyler, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.2782995, -96.134755 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservic...

  8. Tyler, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tyler, Minnesota: Energy Resources (Redirected from Tyler, MN) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.2782995, -96.134755 Show Map Loading map......

  9. University of Minnesota -- Morris Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    -- Morris Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name University of Minnesota -- Morris Wind Farm Facility University of Minnesota -- Morris Sector Wind energy Facility Type...

  10. Central Minnesota Municipal Power Agency | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Power Agency Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 507-526-2193 Website: www.cmmpa.org Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesCentral-Minnesota-Municipal-Power-Agency-CMMPA...

  11. City of Detroit Lakes, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lakes, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Detroit Lakes Place: Minnesota Website: www.ci.detroit-lakes.mn.usmai Facebook: https:...

  12. City of Stephen, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Stephen, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Stephen Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 218-478-3614 Website: www.stephenmn.comindex.asp?SE Outage...

  13. Central Minnesota Ethanol Cooperative CMEC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ethanol Cooperative CMEC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Minnesota Ethanol Cooperative (CMEC) Place: Minnesota Zip: 56345 Sector: Hydro Product: CMEC produces 200 proof...

  14. Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

  15. University of Minnesota Morris II - PES | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Morris II - PES Jump to: navigation, search Name University of Minnesota Morris II - PES Facility University of Minnesota Morris II - PES Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community...

  16. PP-78 Minnesota Power & Light Company | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Minnesota Power & Light Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border. PDF icon PP-78 Minnesota Power & Light Company ...

  17. City of Staples, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Staples, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Staples Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 218-894-2550 Website: www.staples.govoffice.cominde Outage...

  18. Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (SMMPA) Wind Farm I...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    I Jump to: navigation, search Name Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (SMMPA) Wind Farm I Facility Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (SMMPA) Sector Wind energy...

  19. Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (SMMPA) Wind Farm Ii...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ii Jump to: navigation, search Name Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (SMMPA) Wind Farm Ii Facility Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (SMMPA) Sector Wind energy...

  20. City of Nielsville, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nielsville, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Nielsville Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (218) 946-3205 Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  1. City of Mountain Lake, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lake, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Mountain Lake Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (507) 427-2999 Website: www.mountainlakemn.comindex.a...

  2. City of Virginia, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Virginia, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Virginia Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 218-748-7540 Website: www.virginiamn.us Outage Hotline:...

  3. City of Randall, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Randall Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 320-749-2159 Website: www.randall.govoffice2.comind Outage Hotline:...

  4. City of Austin, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Austin, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Austin City of Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 507-433-8886 Website: www.austinutilities.com Facebook: https:...

  5. City of Elk River, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Elk River Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 763.441.2020 Website: www.elkriverutilities.com Facebook: https:...

  6. City of Le Sueur, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sueur, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Le Sueur City of Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (507) 665-3338 Website: mmpa.org Twitter: @lesueurmn Facebook:...

  7. City of Buffalo, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Buffalo Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (763) 682-1001 Website: www.ci.buffalo.mn.usutility-s Twitter:...

  8. City of Spring Grove, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Grove, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Spring Grove Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 507-498-5221 Website: www.springgrove.govoffice.com Outage...

  9. Minnesota Regional Science Bowl for Middle School Students |...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Minnesota Regions Minnesota Regional Science Bowl for Middle School Students National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School Middle School Middle School Students Middle ...

  10. City of Moorhead, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Moorhead, Minnesota (Utility Company) (Redirected from Moorhead Public Service Utilty) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Moorhead Place: Minnesota Phone Number:...

  11. City of Moorhead, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Moorhead, Minnesota (Utility Company) (Redirected from Moorhead Public Service) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Moorhead Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 218-477-8000...

  12. Minnesota's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Inc Energy Generation Facilities in Minnesota's 4th congressional district St. Paul Biomass Facility Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMinnesota%27s4...

  13. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars ... 6:58:24 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars ...

  14. Minnesota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Price of ... Referring Pages: Average Residential Price Minnesota Natural Gas Prices Average ...

  15. Minnesota Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Exports to All ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Exports (Summary) Minnesota U.S. Natural Gas Imports & ...

  16. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in Minnesota (Including Vehicle...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Minnesota (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in Minnesota (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun ...

  17. Minnesota Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Minnesota Regions National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School High School ... High School Regionals Minnesota Regions Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page ...

  18. Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price Minnesota Natural Gas Prices Natural Gas ...

  19. Minnesota Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota ... Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Minnesota Natural ...

  20. Minnesota Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Minnesota Regions National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School Middle School ... Middle School Regionals Minnesota Regions Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page ...

  1. Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Underground ... Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators Minnesota ...

  2. Joint Motion to Intervene of Northern States Power Company (Minnesota...

    Energy Saver

    States Power Company (Minnesota) et al. on the Proposed Open Access Requirements Joint Motion to Intervene of Northern States Power Company (Minnesota) et al. on the Proposed ...

  3. Minnesota Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Natural Gas Exports (Price) All Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Exports Price Minnesota U.S. Natural Gas Imports & Exports ...

  4. Minnesota Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Industrial Price Minnesota Natural Gas Prices Natural Gas ...

  5. Minnesota Natural Gas Total Consumption (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Total Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Total Consumption (Million ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Consumption Minnesota Natural Gas Consumption by End Use ...

  6. Wing River Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name Wing River Wind Farm Facility Wing River Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Wing River...

  7. Minnesota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Minnesota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Minnesota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_mn.pdf (1.17

  8. WINGS | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    WINGS Third interagency WINGS exercise The third Interagency Aerial Response WINGS exercise, sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and hosted by the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), will be held June 20 - 24, 2016 in Ocean County, New Jersey. On June 21, 2016 through

  9. Implementing an Industrial Energy Efficiency Program in Minnesota |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Implementing an Industrial Energy Efficiency Program in Minnesota Implementing an Industrial Energy Efficiency Program in Minnesota Map highlighting Minnesota In 2008, industry in Minnesota consumed 615 trillion British thermal units (Btu), accounting for approximately 33% of all the energy used in the state that year. To support the Minnesota state legislature's requirement that utilities meet an energy-savings goal of 1.5% of gross annual retail energy sales, the state

  10. Case Study - Minnesota Power - Accelerating Grid Modernization in Minnesota - November 2012.pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Study-Minnesota Power November 2012 1 SGIG Accelerates Grid Modernization in Minnesota Headquartered in Duluth, Minnesota Power (MP) serves approximately 144,000 customers and manages almost 9,000 miles of power lines and over 160 substations. Grid modernization is a top corporate priority and is driven by needs to upgrade the company's electric distribution and metering systems, load control programs, and customer engagement strategies for improved reliability and energy efficiency, lower

  11. Biofuels in Minnesota: A Success Story

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This PDF provides a Minnesota biofuels success story. It shows the timeline of state actions, the number of biodiesel plants in the state, production and consumption rates, and the NextGen Energy Initiative.

  12. Made in Minnesota Solar Energy Production Incentive

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Since January 2014, The Department of Commerce (DOC) has administered the Made in Minnesota Solar Energy Production Incentive pursuant to H.F. 729, which was enacted in May 2013. Systems must be ...

  13. Made in Minnesota Solar PV Incentive Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Since January 2014, The Department of Commerce (DOC) has administered the Made in Minnesota Solar Energy Production Incentive pursuant to H.F. 729, which was enacted in May 2013. Systems must be ...

  14. Made in Minnesota Solar Thermal Rebate

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Beginning in 2014, the Department of Commerce is offering a Made in Minnesota Solar Thermal Rebate program, pursuant to H.F. 729 enacted in 2013. Rebates are 25% of installed costs, with a $2,500...

  15. More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Weatherization crews across Minnesota are busy replacing old furnaces, sealing air leaks, and weathering stripped doors for people who are at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty line, with priority given to households with elderly or disabled people.

  16. New Hope, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. New Hope is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 5th congressional...

  17. Prior Lake, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Prior Lake is a city in Scott County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 2nd congressional district.12...

  18. Medicine Lake, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Medicine Lake is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 3rd...

  19. Hill City, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Hill City is a city in Aitkin County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 8th...

  20. City of Blue Earth, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Earth, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Blue Earth Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (507) 526-2191 or (507) 526-5382 or (507) 526-2402 Website:...

  1. Vadnais Heights, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Vadnais Heights is a city in Ramsey County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 4th congressional district.12...

  2. North Oaks, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. North Oaks is a city in Ramsey County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 4th congressional district.12...

  3. St. Paul, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. St. Paul is a city in Ramsey County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 4th congressional district.12...

  4. West Concord, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Concord is a city in Dodge County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 1st...

  5. City of Mountain Iron, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    City of Mountain Iron, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Mountain Iron Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (218)748-7570 Website: www.mtniron.com...

  6. Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co 3M | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Mining and Manufacturing Co 3M Jump to: navigation, search Name: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co (3M) Place: Saint Paul, Minnesota Zip: MN 55144-1000 Product: US-based...

  7. City of Caledonia, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Caledonia Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (507) 725-3323 or (507) 725-3450 Website: www.caledoniamn.gov...

  8. City of Alexandria, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Alexandria Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 320.763.6501 or 800.267.8955 Website: www.alputilities.com Twitter:...

  9. H-D Electric Coop Inc (Minnesota) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    H-D Electric Coop Inc (Minnesota) Jump to: navigation, search Name: H-D Electric Coop Inc Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 605.874.2171 Website: www.h-delectric.coopindex.htm...

  10. Brooklyn Park, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Brooklyn Park is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 3rd congressional...

  11. Albert Lea, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Albert Lea is a city in Freeborn County, Minnesota. It falls under Minnesota's 1st...

  12. City of North St Paul, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Paul, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of North St Paul Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 651.747.2413 or 651.747.2417 Website: www.ci.north-saint-pa...

  13. Minnesota Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Minnesota Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 ... Share of Total U.S. Natural Gas Residential Deliveries Minnesota Share of Total U.S. ...

  14. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power ... 6:59:00 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power ...

  15. Freight Wing Trailer Aerodynamics

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, Sean; Bigatel, Patrick

    2004-10-17

    Freight Wing Incorporated utilized the opportunity presented by this DOE category one Inventions and Innovations grant to successfully research, develop, test, patent, market, and sell innovative fuel and emissions saving aerodynamic attachments for the trucking industry. A great deal of past scientific research has demonstrated that streamlining box shaped semi-trailers can significantly reduce a truck's fuel consumption. However, significant design challenges have prevented past concepts from meeting industry needs. Market research early in this project revealed the demands of truck fleet operators regarding aerodynamic attachments. Products must not only save fuel, but cannot interfere with the operation of the truck, require significant maintenance, add significant weight, and must be extremely durable. Furthermore, SAE/TMC J1321 tests performed by a respected independent laboratory are necessary for large fleets to even consider purchase. Freight Wing used this information to create a system of three practical aerodynamic attachments for the front, rear and undercarriage of standard semi trailers. SAE/TMC J1321 Type II tests preformed by the Transportation Research Center (TRC) demonstrated a 7% improvement to fuel economy with all three products. If Freight Wing is successful in its continued efforts to gain market penetration, the energy and environmental savings would be considerable. Each truck outfitted saves approximately 1,100 gallons of fuel every 100,000 miles, which prevents over 12 tons of CO2 from entering the atmosphere. If all applicable trailers used the technology, the country could save approximately 1.8 billion gallons of diesel fuel, 18 million tons of emissions and 3.6 billion dollars annually.

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Transportation Data for

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Minnesota Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data

  17. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota School District Finds Cost

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Savings, Cold-Weather Reliability with Propane Buses Minnesota School District Finds Cost Savings, Cold-Weather Reliability with Propane Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota School District Finds Cost Savings, Cold-Weather Reliability with Propane Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota School District Finds Cost Savings, Cold-Weather Reliability with Propane Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    out Greener Future Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses

  19. Minnesota Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Recovery Act State Memo Minnesota Recovery Act State Memo Minnesota has substantial natural resources, including biomass, wind power, and is a large ethanol producer. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Minnesota are supporting abroad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to solar and wind, geothermal power, and the

  20. University of Minnesota Boosts Studies with Wind Power | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Boosts Studies with Wind Power University of Minnesota Boosts Studies with Wind Power October 27, 2011 - 10:53am Addthis Time-lapse of the University of Minnesota's wind turbine construction, from September 6 - 23, 2011. | Courtesy of the University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering Eric Escudero Eric Escudero Senior Public Affairs Specialist & Contractor, Golden Field Office What does this project do? The American-made Clipper Liberty wind turbine and a 426-foot

  1. Lyon County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lyon County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.3981292, -95.8987139 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappin...

  2. City of Mabel, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of Mabel Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 507-493-5299 Website: www.mabelmn.comindex.html Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesCity-Of-Mabel246654925362752 Outage Hotline:...

  3. City of Owatonna, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: City of Owatonna Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (507) 451-2480 Website: ci.owatonna.mn.uscityutiliti Facebook: https:www.facebook.comOwatonnaPublicUtilities...

  4. Swift County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Swift County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.2315651, -95.7196042 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappi...

  5. University of Minnesota (NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    (NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership) Jump to: navigation, search Name: University of Minnesota (NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership) Place: St. Paul, MN Information...

  6. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota...

    Energy Saver

    Amended Letter to New Border Crossing Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power - Great Northern Transmission Line: Amended Letter to New Border ...

  7. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota...

    Energy Saver

    Line Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power - Great Northern Transmission Line Application from Great Northern (GNTL) to construct, operate and ...

  8. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Federal Register Notice, Vol. 79, No. 93 - May 14, 2014 Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power - Great Northern Transmission Line: Federal ...

  9. Clay County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.878186, -96.4257589 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"goo...

  10. Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    State Minnesota Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Gas Furnace: 500 Integrated Space and Water Heating System: 900 Electronic Programmable Set-Back...

  11. City of Jackson, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jackson Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (507)847-5586 Website: www.cityofjacksonmn.comindex. Facebook: https:www.facebook.comjacksonmn Outage Hotline: 507-847-4410 or After...

  12. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    PP-398 Minnesota Power - Great Northern Transmission Line: Comments from Roseau County Board of Commissioners Motion was made by Commissioner Miller, seconded by Commissioner Falk ...

  13. Marion Lake, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Marion Lake, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 47.1383694, -91.9960581 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappin...

  14. Mountain Iron, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Mountain Iron, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 47.5324267, -92.623515 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappi...

  15. Eden Prairie, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Eden Prairie, Minnesota Cardinal Glass Industries Independent Natural Resources Inc Rational Energies LLC SUPERVALU Westwood Renewables Wind Energy America Inc...

  16. Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - February...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Anoka Electric Coop for...

  17. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for February 2008....

  18. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 |...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for June 2008. Monthly...

  19. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for April 2008. Monthly...

  20. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for May 2008. Monthly...

  1. Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - August...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Anoka Electric Coop for...

  2. Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - December...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Anoka Electric Coop for December 2008....

  3. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for March 2008. Monthly...

  4. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for February 2009....

  5. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for December 2008....

  6. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - October 2008...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - October 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for October 2008....

  7. Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - February...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Anoka Electric Coop for...

  8. Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - April...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Anoka Electric Coop (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Anoka Electric Coop for April...

  9. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for January 2009....

  10. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for January 2008....

  11. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for November 2008....

  12. ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ALLETE, Inc. (Minnesota) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for ALLETE, Inc. for August 2008....

  13. Minnesota Regional Science Bowl for Middle School Students |...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Minnesota Regional Science Bowl for Middle School Students National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Competitions Rules, Forms, and Resources High School Regionals ...

  14. EECBG Success Story: New Boilers, Big Savings for Minnesota County

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Officials at Sherburne County's Government Center in Minnesota had a problem: the complex's original boilers, installed in 1972, were in desperate need of replacing. Learn more.

  15. EIS-0499: Great Northern Transmission Line Project, Minnesota...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EIS-0499: Great Northern Transmission Line Project, Minnesota Summary This EIS will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to grant a Presidential permit to ...

  16. Fort Snelling, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Incorporated place and minor civil division population dataset (All States, all geography) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleFortSnelling,Minnesota&old...

  17. St. Paul, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Solutions International Innovative Power Systems Karges-Faulconbridge MN Office of Energy Security Minnesota Pollution Control Agency WindLogics Inc Energy Generation...

  18. St. Louis Park, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Park, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.9482979, -93.3480051 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservic...

  19. Spring Park, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Park, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.9352407, -93.6321817 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservic...

  20. Hush Lake, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hush Lake, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 47.4494204, -92.1031839 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappings...

  1. City of St James, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    St James Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (507) 375-3241 Website: www.ci.stjames.mn.usindex.asp Twitter: @cityofstjames Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  2. North St. Paul, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    St. Paul, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.0124657, -92.9918828 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  3. Minnesota Chippewa Tribe: White Earth Band- 2003 Project

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Several northern Minnesota tribes interested in building a common foundation for strategic tribal energy capacity have banded together for strategic energy resource planning.

  4. University of Minnesota Hosts Clean Energy Events With U.S. Deputy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Senator Franken and Deputy Secretary Poneman will participate in an open press tour of the University of Minnesota's Eolos Wind Energy Research Station in Rosemount, Minnesota, ...

  5. Minnesota E85 Test Market | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Minnesota E85 Test Market Minnesota E85 Test Market Presented at Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen Conference, April 2-3, 2008, Sacramento, California gerlach.pdf (1.37 MB) More Documents & Publications CX-002622: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002623: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002625: Categorical Exclusion Determination

  6. Perimeter security for Minnesota correctional facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Crist, D.; Spencer, D.D.

    1996-12-31

    For the past few years, the Minnesota Department of Corrections, assisted by Sandia National Laboratories, has developed a set of standards for perimeter security at medium, close, and maximum custody correctional facilities in the state. During this process, the threat to perimeter security was examined and concepts about correctional perimeter security were developed. This presentation and paper will review the outcomes of this effort, some of the lessons learned, and the concepts developed during this process and in the course of working with architects, engineers and construction firms as the state upgraded perimeter security at some facilities and planned new construction at other facilities.

  7. Minnesota Renewable Electric Power Industry Statistics

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Primary Renewable Energy Capacity Source Wind Primary Renewable Energy Generation Source Wind Capacity (megawatts) Value Percent of State Total Total Net Summer Electricity Capacity 14,715 100.0 Total Net Summer Renewable Capacity 2,588 17.6 Geothermal - - Hydro Conventional 193 1.3 Solar - - Wind 2,009 13.7 Wood/Wood Waste 177 1.2 MSW/Landfill Gas 134 0.9 Other Biomass 75 0.5 Generation (thousand megawatthours) Total Electricity Net Generation 53,670 100.0 Total Renewable Net

  8. Minnesota Renewable Electric Power Industry Statistics

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota" "Primary Renewable Energy Capacity Source","Wind" "Primary Renewable Energy Generation Source","Wind" "Capacity (megawatts)","Value","Percent of State Total" "Total Net Summer Electricity Capacity",14715,100 "Total Net Summer Renewable Capacity",2588,17.6 " Geothermal","-","-" " Hydro Conventional",193,1.3 " Solar","-","-"

  9. Red Sky with Red Mesa

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    The Red Sky/Red Mesa supercomputing platform dramatically reduces the time required to simulate complex fuel models, from 4-6 months to just 4 weeks, allowing researchers to accelerate the pace at which they can address these complex problems. Its speed also reduces the need for laboratory and field testing, allowing for energy reduction far beyond data center walls.

  10. Red Sky with Red Mesa

    SciTech Connect

    2011-04-14

    The Red Sky/Red Mesa supercomputing platform dramatically reduces the time required to simulate complex fuel models, from 4-6 months to just 4 weeks, allowing researchers to accelerate the pace at which they can address these complex problems. Its speed also reduces the need for laboratory and field testing, allowing for energy reduction far beyond data center walls.

  11. Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians- 2003 Project

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, located in the northwest corner of Minnesota near the Canadian border, will assess the potential to expand the use of biomass resources for energy autonomy and economic development on tribal lands. Specifically, the tribe will evaluate the technical, market, financial, and cultural aspects of using its extensive, forested lands to create a sustainable bioproducts-based business and will develop a business plan to guide tribal industry development.

  12. Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-196-C Minnesota

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Power | Department of Energy export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-196-C Minnesota Power Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-196-C Minnesota Power Application from Minnesota Power to export electric energy to Canada. Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-196-C Minnesota Power (1.28 MB) More Documents & Publications EA-196-C Minnesota Power Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-196-D Minnesota Power EA-196-B Minnesota Power

  13. Integrated solid waste management of Minneapolis, Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    1995-11-01

    The subject document reports the results of an in-depth investigation of the fiscal year 1992 cost of the City of Minneapolis, Minnesota (Hennepin County) integrated municipal solid waste management (IMSWM) system, the energy consumed to operate the system, and the environmental performance requirements for each of the system`s waste-processing and disposal facilities. Actual data from records kept by participants is reported in this document. Every effort was made to minimize the use of assumptions, and no attempt is made to interpret the data reported. Analytical approaches are documented so that interested analysts may perform manipulation or further analysis of the data. As such, the report is a reference document for municipal solid waste (MSW) management professionals who are interested in the actual costs and energy consumption for a one-year period, of an operating IMSWM system.

  14. City of Lake Park, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    City of Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (218)238-5337 Website: lakeparkmn.comutilities.html Outage Hotline: 218-238-5532 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  15. City of Newfolden, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: City of Newfolden Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 218-874-7135 Website: www.ci.newfolden.mn.usindex.a Twitter: @newfoldenmn Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  16. City of Madison, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Madison Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (320)-598-7373 Website: www.ci.madison.mn.usindex.asp Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesCity-of-Madison-MN106941826001888 Outage...

  17. City of Mora, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    City of Mora Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 320.679.1451 or 320.679.1511 Website: www.ci.mora.mn.usindex.asp?Ty Facebook: https:www.facebook.commora.mn.1 Outage Hotline:...

  18. City of Lake Crystal, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: City of Lake Crystal Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (605)256-6536 Website: www.ci.lake-crystal.mn.usinde Outage Hotline: (800)520-4746 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  19. City of Lake City, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (651) 345 - 5383 (8am to 4:30pm weekdays) Website: www.ci.lake-city.mn.usindex.a Outage Hotline: After Hours: (651) 345 - 4711 or (651) 345 -...

  20. City of Grand Marais, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Grand Marais Place: Minnesota Phone Number: (218) 387-3030 or (218)387-1848 Website: www.ci.grand-marais.mn.usinde Facebook: https:www.facebook.comGrandMaraisMN Outage Hotline:...

  1. City of Madelia, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of Madelia Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 507-642-3245 Website: madeliamn.comContactUs.php Outage Hotline: 507-642-3245 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  2. Nobles County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Nobles County is a county in Minnesota. Its FIPS County Code is 105. It is classified as...

  3. Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Volume (Million Cubic...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Underground Storage Volume (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Volume (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1990 ...

  4. How Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul, Minnesota

    ScienceCinema

    Hannigan, Jim; Coleman, Chris; Oliver, LeAnn; Jambois, Louis

    2013-05-29

    Saint Paul, Minnesota is using an energy efficiency grant to provide commercial retrofits that will allow a local produce distribution company to dramatically reduce its energy costs and add dozens of new workers.

  5. Blue Earth County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Blue Earth County is a county in Minnesota. Its FIPS County Code is 013. It is classified as...

  6. Stevens County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Stevens County is a county in Minnesota. Its FIPS County Code is 149. It is classified as...

  7. A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes September 12, 2014 - 11:22am Addthis A blurry, black and white photo of wind turbines in a blizzard. ...

  8. Brown County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Brown County is a county in Minnesota. Its FIPS County Code is 015. It is classified as...

  9. Jackson County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Jackson County is a county in Minnesota. Its FIPS County Code is 063. It is classified as...

  10. Minnesota Power- Solar-Thermal Water Heating Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Minnesota Power offers a 25% rebate for qualifying solar thermal water heating systems. The maximum award for single-family customers is $2,000 per customer; $4,000 for 2-3 family unit buildings;...

  11. Southern Minnesota Mun P Agny | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Address: 500 First Avenue SW Place: Rochester, Minnesota Zip: 55902-3303 Year Founded: 1977 Website: www.smmpa.com References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  12. Minnesota's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district BioCat Fuels LLC Cp Holdings Llc Cymbet Corporation Econar Ever Cat Fuels LLC S W Energy LLC Energy Generation Facilities in Minnesota's 6th congressional...

  13. How Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul, Minnesota

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Saint Paul, Minnesota is using an energy efficiency grant to provide commercial retrofits that will allow a local produce distribution company to dramatically reduce its energy costs and add dozens...

  14. Minnesota Chippewa Tribe: White Earth Band- 2012 Project

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The project will consist of a detailed feasibility study for a biogas/biomass-fired electric combined heat and power (CHP) facility to be located on tribal land adjacent to the Tribe's casino and hotel in Mahnomen, Minnesota.

  15. Minnesota Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in Working...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Percent) Minnesota Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in Working Gas from Same Month Previous Year (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 -9.2 ...

  16. Minnesota Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in Working...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in Working Gas from Same Month Previous Year (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep ...

  17. City of Tyler, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    City of Tyler, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Tyler Address: 230 North Tyler Street Place: Tyler, MN Zip: 56178 Phone Number: 507-247-5176...

  18. Spring 2014 National Transportation Stakeholder Forum Meeting, Minnesota |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 4 National Transportation Stakeholder Forum Meeting, Minnesota Spring 2014 National Transportation Stakeholder Forum Meeting, Minnesota NTSF 2014 Meeting Agenda PRESENTATIONS - MAY 13, 2014 Program and Stakeholder Briefings EM Office of Packaging and Transportation DOE Office of Nuclear Energy TRANSCOM National Nuclear Security Administration Nuclear Regulatory Commission Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance NTSF Tribal Caucus Section 180(c) Ad Hoc Working Group

  19. Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) | Department of Energy Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Minneapolis, MN, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path

  20. A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes September 12, 2014 - 11:22am Addthis A blurry, black and white photo of wind turbines in a blizzard. Jiarong Hong can hardly wait for Minnesota's harsh winters to return. That's because the University of Minnesota's mechanical engineering assistant professor and St. Anthony Falls Laboratory researcher uses blizzard

  1. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-196-D Minnesota

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Power | Department of Energy Power Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-196-D Minnesota Power Application from Minnesota Power to export electric energy to Canada. EA-196-D Minnesota Power (CN).pdf (367.07 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-196-D Minnesota Power Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-409 Sararcen Power LP Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-97-D Portland General Electric Company

  2. PROJECT PROFILE: Minnesota Department of Commerce (SEEDS2-SES) | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Minnesota Department of Commerce (SEEDS2-SES) PROJECT PROFILE: Minnesota Department of Commerce (SEEDS2-SES) Project Name: Project North Star: Illuminating the Way to Photovoltaic Integration Funding Opportunity: Solar Energy Evolution and Diffusion Studies 2 - State Energy Strategies (SEEDS2-SES) SunShot Subprogram: Soft Costs Location: St. Paul, MN SunShot Award Amount: $1,999,964 Awardee Cost Share: $855,224 This project uses a scenario-based tool to examine the potential for

  3. Technical Assistance Project for the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

    SciTech Connect

    Vimmerstedt, L.

    2006-12-01

    This report was prepared in response to a request for technical assistance from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA). The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy supported the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in its response to this request through the Technical Assistance Project. Discussion with the MPCA identified the following as the highest-priority questions: What is the effect of (1) size of Renewable Energy Reserve (RER) and (2) duration of allocation award on (a) NOx emissions in Minnesota and (b) retail electricity prices? What data is available on the response of wind energy development to financial incentives? This report addresses those questions.

  4. A view from Minnesota: A changing climate for wind power

    SciTech Connect

    Noble, M.T.

    1997-12-31

    The author describes a program begun in Minnesota to address the problem of climate change and possible global warming. This projects aims at increasing understanding and appreciation of changes being seen in the US weather patterns and possible correlations with greenhouse gas emissions. Minnesota has taken a stance on mandating support for renewable power sources as a part of their electric utility mix. The author urges the business and industrial sectors of our economy to consider the impact on the US and its citizens of not supporting programs which are directed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, including support for wind power projects.

  5. Benefits of Biofuel Production and Use in Minnesota

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    spent $12.5 billion on petroleum-based fuels for transportation in 2013. Investments in Minnesota biofuels could keep those dollars in the state to stimulate economic development and add to the state's 75,000+ jobs in green goods and services. I In 2011, petroleum use by Minnesota's transportation sector released 30 million metric tonnes of CO 2 . On a life-cycle basis, advanced biofuels can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by >50% compared to petroleum-helping to reduce environmental impacts.

  6. Left-Wing Extremism: The Current Threat

    SciTech Connect

    Karl A. Seger

    2001-04-30

    Left-wing extremism is ''alive and well'' both in the US and internationally. Although the current domestic terrorist threat within the U. S. is focused on right-wing extremists, left-wing extremists are also active and have several objectives. Leftist extremists also pose an espionage threat to U.S. interests. While the threat to the U.S. government from leftist extremists has decreased in the past decade, it has not disappeared. There are individuals and organizations within the U.S. who maintain the same ideology that resulted in the growth of left-wing terrorism in this country in the 1970s and 1980s. Some of the leaders from that era are still communicating from Cuba with their followers in the U.S., and new leaders and groups are emerging.

  7. Minnesota Power- SolarSense Solar Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minnesota Power offers a rebate of $750 per kilowatt (kW) DC for grid-connected solar-electric (PV) systems, with a bonus incentive of $250 per kW if the system is installed by a North American...

  8. Minnesota Power- Solar-Electric (PV) Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Minnesota Power offers a rebate of $1,000 per kilowatt (kW) DC for grid-connected solar-electric (PV) systems, with a maximum award of $20,000 per customer or 60% installed costs per customer. This...

  9. Red Lake Weatherization Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    REVIEW RED LAKE WEATHERIZATION PROJECT BERT VAN WERT ENERGY ACTIVITIES COORDINATOR Project Overview To develop the capacity to conduct energy audits Implement energy efficiency measures into Tribal homes Develop a Tribally administered Energy Efficiency Program and business PROJECT LOCATION Our project is located at Red Lake Housing Authority Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians Red Lake , MN Red Lake Band of Chippewas Area overview Reservation (Diminished Lands) and Surroundings Red Lake Band of

  10. Project Reports for Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians- 2003 Project

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, located in the northwest corner of Minnesota near the Canadian border, will assess the potential to expand the use of biomass resources for energy autonomy and economic development on tribal lands. Specifically, the tribe will evaluate the technical, market, financial, and cultural aspects of using its extensive, forested lands to create a sustainable bioproducts-based business and will develop a business plan to guide tribal industry development.

  11. Innovative compliance and enforcement approaches in Minnesota`s air program

    SciTech Connect

    Biewen, T.; Lockwood, B.; Giddings, S.

    1997-12-31

    As the universe of sources subject to air regulations continues to expand, traditional compliance and enforcement approaches that evaluate compliance status and address noncompliance one source at-a-time, are becoming less useful. In addition, increasing complexity of state and federal air regulations are a drain on resources as regulatory agencies try to manage Title V Permitting, new NESHAPS standards for hazardous air pollutants and new monitoring requirements associated with Title V Permits. In order to keep pace, regulatory agencies can use alternative approaches to compliance and enforcement that maximize resources while improving rates of compliance with state and federal air requirements. This paper discusses approaches used by the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency that are designed to improve compliance rates using non-conventional compliance and enforcement techniques. Approaches discussed include sector based initiatives, compliance assistance activities, and initiatives that encourage companies to conduct compliance self-assessments. Specific initiatives that have been used in 1996 and that are ongoing in 1997 are presented, including the purpose and outcome of these efforts.

  12. Minnesota agripower project. Quarterly report, April--June 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Baloun, J.

    1997-07-01

    The Minnesota Valley Alfalfa Producers (MnVAP) propose to build an alfalfa processing plant integrated with an advanced power plant system at the Granite Falls, Minnesota Industrial Park to provide 75 MW of base load electric power and a competitively priced source of value added alfalfa based products. This project will utilize air blown fluidized bed gasification technology to process alfalfa stems and another biomass to produce a hot, clean, low heating value gas that will be used in a gas turbine. Exhaust heat from the gas turbine will be used to generate steam to power a steam turbine and provide steam for the processing of the alfalfa leaf into a wide range of products including alfalfa leaf meal, a protein source for livestock. The plant will demonstrate high efficiency and environmentally compatible electric power production, as well as increased economic yield from farm operations in the region. The initial phase of the Minnesota Agripower Project (MAP) will be to perform alfalfa feedstock testing, prepare preliminary designs, and develop detailed plans with estimated costs for project implementation. The second phase of MAP will include detailed engineering, construction, and startup. Full commercial operation will start in 2001.

  13. Joint Motion to Intervene of Northern States Power Company (Minnesota) et

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    al. on the Proposed Open Access Requirements | Department of Energy Motion to Intervene of Northern States Power Company (Minnesota) et al. on the Proposed Open Access Requirements Joint Motion to Intervene of Northern States Power Company (Minnesota) et al. on the Proposed Open Access Requirements Joint motion to intervene of the Northern States Power Company (Minnesota), the Northern States Power Company (Wisconsin), and NRG Energy, Incl on the Proposed Open Access Requirements for

  14. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-196-D Minnesota

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Power: Federal Register Notice, Volume 78, No. 89 - May 8, 2013 | Department of Energy Power: Federal Register Notice, Volume 78, No. 89 - May 8, 2013 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-196-D Minnesota Power: Federal Register Notice, Volume 78, No. 89 - May 8, 2013 Application from Minnesota Power to export electric energy to Canada. Federal Register Notice. EA-196-D Minnesota Power (CN).pdf (219.27 KB) More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric

  15. Project Reports for Minnesota Chippewa Tribe: White Earth Band- 2003 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Several northern Minnesota tribes interested in building a common foundation for strategic tribal energy capacity have banded together for strategic energy resource planning.

  16. In Minnesota, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Highlights...

    Energy Saver

    Poneman Highlights Clean Energy Industries That Are Driving American Manufacturing Growth In Minnesota, U.S. Deputy ... Solar, wind and water are all great alternatives and are ...

  17. 2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition: University of Minnesota Profile

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition: University of Minnesota Profile, as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy website.

  18. Core and wing densities of asymmetric coronal spectral profiles: Implications for the mass supply of the solar corona

    SciTech Connect

    Patsourakos, S.; Klimchuk, J. A.; Young, P. R. E-mail: james.a.klimchuk@nasa.gov

    2014-02-01

    Recent solar spectroscopic observations have shown that coronal spectral lines can exhibit asymmetric profiles, with enhanced emissions at their blue wings. These asymmetries correspond to rapidly upflowing plasmas at speeds exceeding ?50 km s{sup 1}. Here, we perform a study of the density of the rapidly upflowing material and compare it with that of the line core that corresponds to the bulk of the plasma. For this task, we use spectroscopic observations of several active regions taken by the Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer of the Hinode mission. The density sensitive ratio of the Fe XIV lines at 264.78 and 274.20 is used to determine wing and core densities. We compute the ratio of the blue wing density to the core density and find that most values are of order unity. This is consistent with the predictions for coronal nanoflares if most of the observed coronal mass is supplied by chromospheric evaporation driven by the nanoflares. However, much larger blue wing-to-core density ratios are predicted if most of the coronal mass is supplied by heated material ejected with type II spicules. Our measurements do not rule out a spicule origin for the blue wing emission, but they argue against spicules being a primary source of the hot plasma in the corona. We note that only about 40% of the pixels where line blends could be safely ignored have blue wing asymmetries in both Fe XIV lines. Anticipated sub-arcsecond spatial resolution spectroscopic observations in future missions could shed more light on the origin of blue, red, and mixed asymmetries.

  19. Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's -589 739 -295 -493 431 -234 3,636 621 4,442 -462 1990's 44 -70 213 466 630 -985 2,128 -29 -36 312 2000's -964 265 -160 81 128 -588 93 82 65 703 2010's 54 22 -545 255 4 546 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release

  20. Minnesota Renewable Electric Power Industry Net Generation, by Energy Source

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota" "Energy Source",2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Geothermal","-","-","-","-","-" "Hydro Conventional",572,654,727,809,840 "Solar","-","-","-","-","-" "Wind",2055,2639,4355,5053,4792 "Wood/Wood Waste",590,727,725,796,933 "MSW Biogenic/Landfill Gas",412,423,399,384,340 "Other Biomass",3,143,372,503,576

  1. Minnesota Total Electric Power Industry Net Generation, by Energy Source

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota" "Energy Source",2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Fossil",36125,36463,34879,32263,32454 " Coal",33070,32190,31755,29327,28083 " Petroleum",494,405,232,65,31 " Natural Gas",2561,3842,2866,2846,4341 " Other Gases","-",26,27,24,"-" "Nuclear",13183,13103,12997,12393,13478 "Renewables",3631,4586,6578,7546,7480 "Pumped

  2. Comments of Crow Wing Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Comments of Crow Wing Power (56.29 KB) More Documents & Publications NBP RFI: Communications ...

  3. MHK Technologies/Water Wings | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Water Wings are an oscillating wave surge converter device that swing back and forth driving hydraulics which in turn drives a generator Technology Dimensions Device...

  4. University of Minnesota Morris Clean Energy Investments Recognized by U.S.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy | Department of Energy Minnesota Morris Clean Energy Investments Recognized by U.S. Department of Energy University of Minnesota Morris Clean Energy Investments Recognized by U.S. Department of Energy August 16, 2012 - 12:30pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT U.S. Department of Energy (202) 586-4940 University of Minnesota, Morris (320) 589-6398 WASHINGTON - Today, the U.S. Department of Energy released its second video in the "Clean Energy in Our Community" video

  5. Method And Apparatus For Examining A Tissue Using The Spectral Wing Emission Therefrom Induced By Visible To Infrared Photoexcitation.

    DOEpatents

    Alfano, Robert R.; Demos, Stavros G.; Zhang, Gang

    2003-12-16

    Method and an apparatus for examining a tissue using the spectral wing emission therefrom induced by visible to infrared photoexcitation. In one aspect, the method is used to characterize the condition of a tissue sample and comprises the steps of (a) photoexciting the tissue sample with substantially monochromatic light having a wavelength of at least 600 nm; and (b) using the resultant far red and near infrared spectral wing emission (SW) emitted from the tissue sample to characterize the condition of the tissue sample. In one embodiment, the substantially monochromatic photoexciting light is a continuous beam of light, and the resultant steady-state far red and near infrared SW emission from the tissue sample is used to characterize the condition of the tissue sample. In another embodiment, the substantially monochromatic photoexciting light is a light pulse, and the resultant time-resolved far red and near infrared SW emission emitted from the tissue sample is used to characterize the condition of the tissue sample. In still another embodiment, the substantially monochromatic photoexciting light is a polarized light pulse, and the parallel and perpendicular components of the resultant polarized time-resolved SW emission emitted from the tissue sample are used to characterize the condition of the tissue sample.

  6. Wind Resource Assessment Report: Mille Lacs Indian Reservation, Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Jimenez, A. C.

    2013-12-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) launched the RE-Powering America's Land initiative to encourage development of renewable energy on potentially contaminated land and mine sites. EPA collaborated with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians to evaluate the wind resource and examine the feasibility of a wind project at a contaminated site located on the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation in Minnesota. The wind monitoring effort involved the installation of a 60-m met tower and the collection of 18 months of wind data at multiple heights above the ground. This report focuses on the wind resource assessment, the estimated energy production of wind turbines, and an assessment of the economic feasibility of a potential wind project sited this site.

  7. Minnesota Natural Gas Imports (No intransit Receipts) (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Imports (No intransit Receipts) (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Imports (No intransit Receipts) (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 243,900 144,798 190,418 206,613 157,662 134,099 233,331 262,402 1990's 308,581 378,492 369,137 383,702 387,466 406,883 401,473 402,706 475,152 512,135 2000's 476,958 454,833 408,597 364,725 404,091 472,600 422,847 504,676 481,748 482,749 2010's 451,405 548,686 406,327 243,805 328,610

  8. Minnesota Natural Gas Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1.73 1990's 1.90 1.71 1.74 2.07 2.06 1.81 2.38 2.45 2.07 2.29 2000's 3.74 4.20 3.09 5.05 5.77 8.01 6.82 6.72 8.48 4.21 2010's 4.49 4.15 2.87 3.87 5.60 2.89 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016

  9. Minnesota Natural Gas Input Supplemental Fuels (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Input Supplemental Fuels (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Input Supplemental Fuels (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0 0 0 1970's 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1980's 48 106 337 1 3 11 2 1 385 315 1990's 56 49 52 78 289 194 709 172 50 64 2000's 101 118 13 42 71 154 13 54 46 47 2010's 12 20 9 22 66 10 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

  10. Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Additions (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 4,838 4,402 4,505 1,277 4,954 3,190 4,679 3,109 5,391 6,453 1990's 4,714 5,974 3,594 6,330 6,167 3,746 7,990 1,686 1,233 1,295 2000's 376 1,368 1,142 3,474 2,806 2,331 1,700 3,023 2,845 2,502 2010's 1,059 2,257 918 2,515 3,686 2,414 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  11. Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 5,427 3,663 4,800 1,770 4,523 3,424 1,043 2,488 949 6,916 1990's 4,670 6,044 3,380 5,864 5,537 4,731 5,861 1,715 1,269 983 2000's 1,340 1,103 1,302 3,555 2,933 1,743 1,793 2,941 2,780 1,798 2010's 1,005 2,235 1,463 2,261 3,683 1,868 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  12. Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 88,789 90,256 92,916 1990's 95,474 97,388 99,707 93,062 102,857 103,874 105,531 108,686 110,986 114,127 2000's 116,529 119,007 121,751 123,123 125,133 126,310 129,149 128,367 130,847 131,801 2010's 132,163 132,938 134,394 135,557 136,380 138,871 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  13. Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,585 2,670 2,638 1990's 2,574 2,486 2,515 2,477 2,592 2,531 2,564 2,233 2,188 2,267 2000's 2,025 1,996 2,029 2,074 2,040 1,432 1,257 1,146 1,131 2,039 2010's 2,106 1,770 1,793 1,870 1,880 1,868 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of

  14. Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 872,148 894,380 911,001 1990's 946,107 970,941 998,201 1,074,631 1,049,263 1,080,009 1,103,709 1,134,019 1,161,423 1,190,190 2000's 1,222,397 1,249,748 1,282,751 1,308,143 1,338,061 1,364,237 1,401,362 1,401,623 1,413,162 1,423,703 2010's 1,429,681 1,436,063 1,445,824 1,459,134 1,472,663 1,496,790

  15. Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 19,509 20,095 22,019 2000's 21,037 19,044 23,060 20,252 20,491 22,252 20,313 19,907 17,584 12,559 2010's 15,465 15,223 12,842 11,626 12,921 10,158 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date:

  16. Small Wind Electric Systems: A Minnesota Consumer's Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2007-04-01

    Small Wind Electric Systems: A Minnesota Consumer's Guide provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and economics. Topics include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy. In addition, the cover of the guide contains a list of contacts for more information.

  17. Minnesota Working Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    2 20 9 22 66 10 1967-2015 Synthetic 0 0 0 1980-2015 Propane-Air 12 20 9 22 66 1

    451,405 548,686 406,327 243,805 328,610 233,011 1982-2015 Import Price 4.49 4.15 2.87 3.87 5.60 2.89 1989-2015 Export Volume 0 3,975 11,768 16,209 5,474 5,245 1999-2015 Export Price -- 3.90 3.46 3.83 11.05 3.34 199

    Connecticut Delaware Georgia Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Jersey New Mexico New York

  18. Project Reports for Minnesota Chippewa Tribe: White Earth Band- 2012 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The project will consist of a detailed feasibility study for a biogas/biomass-fired electric combined heat and power (CHP) facility to be located on tribal land adjacent to the Tribe's casino and hotel in Mahnomen, Minnesota.

  19. Minnesota Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the Minnesota Residential Energy Code

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Minnesota homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the current Minnesota Residential Energy Code is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Minnesota homeowners will save $1,277 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $9,873 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceed cumulative cash outlays) in 3 years for the 2009 IECC and 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $122 for the 2009 IECC and $669 for the 2012 IECC.

  20. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Great Northern Transmission Line: Amended Letter to New Border Crossing | Department of Energy Amended Letter to New Border Crossing Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power - Great Northern Transmission Line: Amended Letter to New Border Crossing Minnesota Power, an operating division of ALLETE, Inc., has submitted an amended application for a Presidential permit to construct, operate, maintain, and connect an electric transmission line across the United

  1. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Great Northern Transmission Line: Comments from Roseau County Board of Commissioners | Department of Energy Comments from Roseau County Board of Commissioners Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power - Great Northern Transmission Line: Comments from Roseau County Board of Commissioners Motion was made by Commissioner Miller, seconded by Commissioner Falk on Minnesota Power - GNTL application to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities

  2. In Minnesota, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Highlights Clean

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Industries That Are Driving American Manufacturing Growth | Department of Energy In Minnesota, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Highlights Clean Energy Industries That Are Driving American Manufacturing Growth In Minnesota, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Highlights Clean Energy Industries That Are Driving American Manufacturing Growth July 16, 2012 - 4:37pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 PLYMOUTH, Minn. - U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman today

  3. Minnesota Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) Minnesota Regional High School Science Bowl National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Competitions Rules, Forms, and Resources High School Regionals Middle School Regionals National Finals Volunteers Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions News Media Contact Us WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 E: Email Us High School Regionals Minnesota Regional High School

  4. MERCURY AND LEAD SAMPLING AT MINNESOTA POWER'S BOSWELL ENERGY CENTER

    SciTech Connect

    Dennis L. Laudal

    2000-08-01

    At the request of the Minnesota Power, Inc., the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) sampled for lead at the stack (or duct directly leading to the stack) for three units at the Boswell Energy Center. All sampling was done in triplicate using U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Method 12, with sampling procedures following EPA Methods 1 through 4. During the test program, lead sampling was done using EPA Method 12 in the duct at the outlet of the baghouse serving Unit 2 and the duct at the outlet of the wet particulate scrubber serving Unit 3. For Unit 4, lead sampling was done at the stack. The specific objective for the project was to determine the concentration of lead in the flue gas being emitted into the atmosphere from the Boswell Energy Center. The test program was performed during the period of May 8 through 11, 2000. This report presents the test data, sample calculations, and results, and a discussion of the lead sampling performed at the Boswell Energy Center. The detailed test data and test results, raw test data, process data, laboratory reports, and equipment calibration records are provided in Appendices A, B, and C.

  5. Solar energy system case study: Telex Communications, Blue Earth, Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Raymond, M.G.

    1984-09-01

    A study is made of a solar energy system for space heating a 97,000-square-foot office, factory, and warehouse building owned by Telex Communications, Inc. in Blue Earth, Minnesota. The solar system has 11,520 square feet of ground-oriented flat-plate collectors and a 20,000-gallon storage tank inside the building. Freeze protection is by drainback. Solar heated water from the storage tank circulates around the clock throughout the heating season to heating coils in the ducts. The system achieves its design solar fraction, is efficient, and generally reliable, but not cost-effective. Performance data for the solar system was collected by the National Solar Data Network for three heating seasons from 1978 to 1981. Because of a freeze-up of the collector array in December 1978, the solar system was only partially operational in the 1978 to 1979 heating season. The data in this report were collected in the 1979 to 1980 and 1980 to 1981 heating seasons.

  6. Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.26 0.22 0.22 1970's 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.28 0.33 0.55 0.60 1.24 1.28 2.20 1980's 1.26 4.27 4.43 4.14 3.99 3.45 2.68 2.19 1.81 1.77 1990's 1.89 0.56 0.61 0.47 0.47 0.37 0.68 0.63 0.54 0.82 2000's 1.50 1.40 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable;

  7. Minnesota Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Base Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1990 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 1991 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 1992 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 1993 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 4,655 1994 4,655 4,655

  8. Minnesota Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Working Gas) (Million Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Working Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Working Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1990 1,708 1,141 1,211 1,688 2,017 2,129 2,261 2,309 2,370 2,397 2,395 2,007 1991 1,551 1,313 1,207 1,362 1,619 1,931 2,222 2,214 2,307 2,273 2,191 2,134 1992 1,685 1,556 1,228 1,019 1,409 1,716 2,013 2,193 2,319 2,315 2,307 2,104 1993 1,708 1,290 872 824 1,141 1,485 1,894 2,022 2,260 2,344 2,268 1,957 1994 1,430 1,235

  9. Crow Wing Cooperative Power & Light Comp | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    www.cwpower.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesCrow-Wing-Power250728911428?refhl Outage Hotline: 218-829-2827 Outage Map: 209.212.41.13:81 References: EIA Form...

  10. K-25 West Wing Demolition Completed | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    K-25 West Wing Demolition Completed January 28, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - Thirteen months after demolition began, the final unit of the K-25 Building West ...

  11. Butterfly Wing Nanostructures and Temperature Changes | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Butterfly Wing Nanostructures and Temperature Changes Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Butterfly Wing Nanostructures and Temperature Changes Radislav Potyrailo 2012.02.13 Hello Earth! New technological advances that have been inspired by Nature provide our society with new, advanced products. Some

  12. Red | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Red Red Arm Amputation Due to Explosion - University of Hawaii Lessons Learned Read more about Arm Amputation Due to Explosion - University of Hawaii Lessons Learned 2015 LL Chemical Explosion Causes Eye Injury 6-11-15 Read more about 2015 LL Chemical Explosion Causes Eye Injury 6-11-15 12-14-1999 - Sodium Potassium (NaK) Reaction Results in Personnel Injuries Read more about 12-14-1999 - Sodium Potassium (NaK) Reaction Results in Personnel Injuries 11-23-1998 - Update of Type A Investigation of

  13. Minnesota wood energy scale-up project 1994 establishment cost data

    SciTech Connect

    Downing, M.; Pierce, R.; Kroll, T.

    1996-03-18

    The Minnesota Wood Energy Scale-up Project began in late 1993 with the first trees planted in the spring of 1994. The purpose of the project is to track and monitor economic costs of planting, maintaining and monitoring larger scale commercial plantings. For 15 years, smaller scale research plantings of hybrid poplar have been used to screen for promising, high-yielding poplar clones. In this project 1000 acres of hybrid poplar trees were planted on Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) land near Alexandria, Minnesota in 1994. The fourteen landowners involved re-contracted with the CRP for five-year extensions of their existing 10-year contracts. These extended contracts will expire in 2001, when the plantings are 7 years old. The end use for the trees planted in the Minnesota Wood Energy Scale-up Project is undetermined. They will belong to the owner of the land on which they are planted. There are no current contracts in place for the wood these trees are projected to supply. The structure of the wood industry in the Minnesota has changed drastically over the past 5 years. Stumpage values for fiber have risen to more than $20 per cord in some areas raising the possibility that these trees could be used for fiber rather than energy. Several legislative mandates have forced the State of Minnesota to pursue renewable energy including biomass energy. These mandates, a potential need for an additional 1700 MW of power by 2008 by Northern States Power, and agricultural policies will all affect development of energy markets for wood produced much like agricultural crops. There has been a tremendous amount of local and international interest in the project. Contractual negotiations between area landowners, the CRP, a local Resource Conservation and Development District, the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources and others are currently underway for additional planting of 1000 acres in spring 1995.

  14. University of Minnesota Hosts Clean Energy Events With U.S. Deputy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Secretary of Energy Poneman and Senator Franken | Department of Energy Hosts Clean Energy Events With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman and Senator Franken University of Minnesota Hosts Clean Energy Events With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman and Senator Franken January 26, 2012 - 2:22pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Tomorrow, Friday, January 27, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman will join Senator Al Franken at the University of Minnesota for events highlighting the

  15. [Wing 1 radiation survey and contamination report]. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Olsen, K.

    1991-05-13

    We have completed the 5480.11 survey for Wing 1. All area(s)/item(s) requested by the 5480.11 committee have been thoroughly surveyed and documented. Decontamination/disposal of contaminated items has been accomplished. The wing 1 survey was started on 8/13/90 and completed 9/18/90. However, the follow-up surveys were not completed until 2/18/91. We received the final set of smear samples for wing 1 on 1/13/91. A total of 5,495 smears were taken from wing 1 and total of 465 smears were taken during the follow-up surveys. There were a total 122 items found to have fixed contamination and 4 items with smearable contamination in excess of the limits specified in DOE ORDER 5480.11 (AR 3-7). The following area(s)/item(s) were not included in the 5480.11 survey: Hallways, Access panels, Men`s and women`s change rooms, Janitor closets, Wall lockers and item(s) stored in wing 1 hallways and room 1116. If our contract is renewed, we will include those areas in our survey according to your request of April 15, 1991.

  16. Walmart Red Bluff | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Walmart Red Bluff Jump to: navigation, search Name Walmart Red Bluff Facility Walmart Red Bluff Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  17. Red Mesa | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Mesa Jump to: navigation, search Name Red Mesa Facility Red Mesa Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources...

  18. Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves closer to completing Oak Ridge's largest cleanup project Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves closer to...

  19. ARM: MFR data collected from the underside of an airplane wing...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    MFR data collected from the underside of an airplane wing Title: ARM: MFR data collected from the underside of an airplane wing MFR data collected from the underside of an airplane ...

  20. Sunspace Minnesota: passive solar design for winter resorts. Period covered, August 1979-October 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, J.M.

    1980-01-01

    Minnesota winter resorts are discussed as to type, size, and use. Energy needs and conservation techniques are described by cabin type and problem areas. Existing cabins are analyzed for conservation opportunities and solar retrofit potential. New cabin designs and concepts are presented including earth sheltered buildings. (MHR)

  1. Earth-sheltered building yields energy savings for University of Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-04-01

    The design and energy efficiency of the Civil/Mineral Engineering Building at the University of Minnesota is discussed. The building combines relatively common energy-efficient surface building practices with earth-sheltered techniques already proven on the University Campus and innovative deep-earth sheltering.

  2. Market Transformation Pathways for Grid-Connected Rooftop Solar PV in Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Abbey, Ross; Ross, Brian

    2013-06-03

    This report presents the market and policy findings of the Minnesota Solar Challenge program. The report draws on information collected from state agencies, local government units, solar industry participants, rooftop photovoltaic (PV) adopters (sometimes called customer-generators), state and national experts, the Commerce distributed generation stakeholder process, and the numerous reports and data sets referenced herein.

  3. First `Winged' and `X'-shaped Radio Source Candidates

    SciTech Connect

    Cheung, C.C.

    2007-01-22

    A small number of double-lobed radio galaxies (17 from our own census of the literature) show an additional pair of low surface brightness ''wings'', thus forming an overall ''X''-shaped appearance. The origin of the wings in these radio sources is unclear. They may be the result of back-flowing plasma from the currently active radio lobes into an asymmetric medium surrounding the active nucleus, which would make these ideal systems in which to study thermal/non-thermal plasma interactions in extragalactic radio sources. Another possibility is that the wings are the aging radio lobes left over after a (rapid) realignment of the central supermassive black-hole/accretion disk system due perhaps to a merger. Generally, these models are not well tested; with the small number of known examples, previous works focused on detailed case studies of selected sources with little attempt at a systematic study of a large sample. Using the VLA-FIRST survey database, we are compiling a large sample of winged and X-shaped radio sources for such studies. As a first step toward this goal, an initial sample of 100 new candidate objects of this type are presented in this paper. The search process is described, optical identifications from available literature data, and basic radio data are presented. From the limited resolution FIRST images ({approx} 5''), we can already confidently classify a sufficient number of these objects as having the characteristic wing lengths >80% of the active lobes to more than double the number of known X-shaped radio sources. We have also included as candidates, radio sources with shorter wings (<80% wing to lobe length ratios), or simply ''winged'' sources, as it is probable that projection effects are important. Finally, among the candidates are four quasars (z=0.37 to 0.84), and several have morphologies suggestive of Fanaroff-Riley type-I (low-power) radio galaxies. While followup observations are necessary to confirm these identifications, this

  4. Predicting wind shear effects: A study of Minnesota wind data collected at heights up to 70 meters

    SciTech Connect

    Artig, R.

    1997-12-31

    The Minnesota Department of Public Service (DPS) collects wind data at carefully selected sites around the state and analyzes the data to determine Minnesota`s wind power potential. DPS recently installed advanced new monitoring equipment at these sites and began to collect wind data at 30, 50, and 70 meters above ground level, with two anemometers at each level. Previously, the Department had not collected data at heights above ground level higher than 30 meters. DPS also, with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), installed four sophisticated monitoring sites as part of a Tall Tower Wind Shear Study that is assessing the effects of wind shear on wind power potential. At these sites, wind data are being collected at the 10, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 meter heights. This paper presents the preliminary results of the analysis of wind data from all sites. These preliminary results indicate that the traditional 1/7 power law does not effectively predict wind shear in Minnesota, and the result is an underestimation of Minnesota`s wind power potential at higher heights. Using a power factor of 1/5 or 1/4 may be more accurate and provide sound justification for installing wind turbines on taller towers in Minnesota.

  5. 1,"Sherburne County","Coal","Northern States Power Co - Minnesota",2222

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"Sherburne County","Coal","Northern States Power Co - Minnesota",2222 2,"Clay Boswell","Coal","ALLETE, Inc.",1082.4 3,"Prairie Island","Nuclear","Northern States Power Co - Minnesota",1040 4,"Monticello Nuclear Facility","Nuclear","Northern States

  6. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota Minnesota

  7. Minnesota Agri-Power Project. Quarterly report, January--March, 1998

    SciTech Connect

    Wilbur, D.

    1998-05-01

    The Minnesota Valley Alfalfa Producers propose to build an alfalfa processing plant integrated with an advanced power plant system at the Granite Falls, Minnesota industrial park to provide 75 MW of base load electric power and a competitively priced source of value added alfalfa based products. This project utilizes air blown fluidized bed gasification technology to process alfalfa stems and another biomass to produce a hot, clean, low heating value gas that will be used in a gas turbine. Exhaust heat from the gas turbine will be used to generate steam to power a steam turbine and provide steam for the processing of the alfalfa leaf into a wide range of products including alfalfa leaf meal, a protein source for livestock. This progress report describes feedstock testing, feedstock supply system, performance guarantees, sales contracts, environmental permits, education, environment, economy, and project coordination and control.

  8. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Great Northern Transmission Line: Federal Register Notice, Vol. 79, No. 93 - May 14, 2014 | Department of Energy Federal Register Notice, Vol. 79, No. 93 - May 14, 2014 Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power - Great Northern Transmission Line: Federal Register Notice, Vol. 79, No. 93 - May 14, 2014 Application from Great Northern (GNTL) to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border. Federal Register Notice.

  9. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Great Northern Transmission Line: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement: Federal Register Notice, Volume 79, No. 124, June 27, 2014 | Department of Energy Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement: Federal Register Notice, Volume 79, No. 124, June 27, 2014 Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power - Great Northern Transmission Line: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement: Federal Register

  10. Minnesota Regional Science Bowl for Middle School Students | U.S. DOE

    Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Minnesota Regional Science Bowl for Middle School Students National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Competitions Rules, Forms, and Resources High School Regionals Middle School Regionals National Finals Volunteers Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions News Media Contact Us WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 E: Email Us Middle School

  11. EECBG Success Story: Job Creation and Energy Savings in St. Paul, Minnesota

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The city of St. Paul, Minnesota, and local produce distribution company, J&J Distributing, are taking a no-nonsense approach to cutting waste, saving energy and creating jobs in the Twin Cities. As part of the city’s $1.3 million Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grant, J&J Distributing has upgraded its interior lighting system and replaced 44 rooftop refrigeration units with three energy efficient climate control systems. Learn more.

  12. Technology Solutions Case Study: Cold Climate Foundation Wall Hygrothermal Research Facility, Cloquet, Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    2014-09-01

    This case study describes the University of Minnesota’s Cloquet Residential Research Facility (CRRF) in northern Minnesota, which features more than 2,500 ft2 of below-grade space for building systems foundation hygrothermal research. Here, the NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team researches ways to improve the energy efficiency of the building envelope, including wall assemblies, basements, roofs, insulation, and air leakage.

  13. Waste Assessment Baseline for the IPOC Second Floor, West Wing

    SciTech Connect

    McCord, Samuel A

    2015-04-01

    Following a building-wide waste assessment in September, 2014, and subsequent presentation to Sandia leadership regarding the goal of Zero Waste by 2025, the occupants of the IPOC Second Floor, West Wing contacted the Materials Sustainability and Pollution Prevention (MSP2) team to guide them to Zero Waste in advance of the rest of the site. The occupants are from Center 3600, Public Relations and Communications , and Center 800, Independent Audit, Ethics and Business Conduct . To accomplish this, MSP2 conducted a new limited waste assessment from March 2-6, 2015 to compare the second floor, west wing to the building as a whole. The assessment also serves as a baseline with which to mark improvements in diversion in approximately 6 months.

  14. EA-0587: Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modification to 500 kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of Northern States Power Company's  proposal to expand the Forbes Substation in Minnesota.

  15. Angel wing seals for blades of a gas turbine and methods for determining angel wing seal profiles

    DOEpatents

    Wang, John Zhiqiang

    2003-01-01

    A gas turbine has buckets rotatable about an axis, the buckets having angel wing seals. The seals have outer and inner surfaces, at least one of which, and preferably both, extend non-linearly between root radii and the tip of the seal body. The profiles are determined in a manner to minimize the weight of the seal bodies, while maintaining the stresses below predetermined maximum or allowable stresses.

  16. Red Canyon Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Canyon Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Red Canyon Wind Farm Facility Red Canyon Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  17. ARM: MFR data collected from the underside of an airplane wing (Dataset) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Data Explorer MFR data collected from the underside of an airplane wing Title: ARM: MFR data collected from the underside of an airplane wing MFR data collected from the underside of an airplane wing Authors: Gary Hodges Publication Date: 2015-05-07 OSTI Identifier: 1256097 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US); Sponsoring

  18. Foam Insulation Installation in F Wing on Saturday Oct 8 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Foam Insulation Installation in F Wing on Saturday Oct 8 Foam Insulation Installation in F Wing on Saturday, Oct. 8; One Emergency Exit Route to be Temporarily Blocked Foam insulation will be installed in the Data Center on the first floor of the CEBAF Center F Wing on Saturday, Oct. 8. The work is part of the Utilities Infrastructure Modernization (UIM) Computer Center 10-Year Plan project. During this process, occupants may experience a musty odor on the first floor of the F Wing. Also, the F

  19. A CFD/CSD interaction methodology for aircraft wings

    SciTech Connect

    Bhardwaj, M.K.; Kapania, R.K.; Reichenbach, E.; Guruswamy, G.P.

    1998-01-01

    With advanced subsonic transports and military aircraft operating in the transonic regime, it is becoming important to determine the effects of the coupling between aerodynamic loads and elastic forces. Since aeroelastic effects can significantly impact the design of these aircraft, there is a strong need in the aerospace industry to predict these interactions computationally. Such an analysis in the transonic regime requires high fidelity computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis tools, due to the nonlinear behavior of the aerodynamics in the transonic regime and also high fidelity computational structural dynamics (CSD) analysis tools. Also, there is a need to be able to use a wide variety of CFD and CSD methods to predict aeroelastic effects. Since source codes are not always available, it is necessary to couple the CFD and CSD codes without alteration of the source codes. In this study, an aeroelastic coupling procedure is developed to determine the static aeroelastic response of aircraft wings using any CFD and CSD code with little code integration. The aeroelastic coupling procedure is demonstrated on an F/A-18 Stabilator using NASTD (an in-house McDonnell Douglas CFD code) and NASTRAN. In addition, the Aeroelastic Research Wing (ARW-2) is used for demonstration of the aeroelastic coupling procedure by using ENSAERO (NASA Ames Research Center CFD code) and a finite element wing-box code. The results obtained from the present study are compared with those available from an experimental study conducted at NASA Langley Research Center and a study conducted at NASA Ames Research Center using ENSAERO and modal superposition. The results compare well with experimental data.

  20. A CHRONOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE HOLOCENE VEGETATIONAL HISTORY OF CENTRAL MINNESOTA: THE STEEL LAKE POLLEN RECORD

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, H E; Stefanova, I; Tian, J; Brown, T A; Hu, F S

    2003-11-10

    Paleorecords from Minnesota and adjacent areas have often been used to evaluate large-scale climatic processes in the mid-continent of North America. However, most of these records are compromised by chronological flaws, making problematic any comparisons with climatic interpretations based on other records (e.g., GISP2 in Greenland). We report here a high-resolution pollen record with a secure chronology constrained by 26 {sup 14}C dates on terrestrial macrofossils from Steel Lake, central Minnesota. About 11,200 years ago (calibrated yr BP) the late-glacial Picea forest near Steel Lake was succeeded abruptly by Pinus banksiana and/or resinosa. The Pinus forest began to open 9.4 ka cal BP with the expansion of prairie taxa, and a pine parkland or savanna prevailed until about 8 ka cal BP, when Quercus replaced Pinus to become the dominant tree in the prairie areas for 4500 years. The close chronological control permits the correlation of key vegetational changes with those at other reliably dated sites in the eastern Dakotas and in Minnesota, suggesting that the abrupt decline of the spruce forest was time-transgressive from southwest to northeast during 2000 years, and that the development of prairie was time-transgressive in the same direction over 2600 years. Correlation of key pollen horizons at Steel Lake with those in the high-resolution pollen profiles of Elk Lake, ca. 50 km northwest of Steel Lake, suggests that the well-known Elk Lake varve chronology for the early Holocene is about 1000 years too young.

  1. Minnesota Renewable Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity, by Energy Source

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota" "Energy Source",2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Geothermal","-","-","-","-","-" "Hydro Conventional",175,176,194,194,193 "Solar","-","-","-","-","-" "Wind",827,1139,1460,1615,2009 "Wood/Wood Waste",129,161,170,177,177 "MSW/Landfill Gas",127,128,130,132,134 "Other Biomass","-",55,55,75,75

  2. Minnesota Total Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity, by Energy Source

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Minnesota" "Energy Source",2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Fossil",9714,9550,10548,10752,10519 " Coal",5444,5207,5235,4826,4789 " Petroleum",746,764,782,801,795 " Natural Gas",3524,3579,4531,5126,4936 " Other Gases","-","-","-","-","-" "Nuclear",1668,1668,1668,1668,1594 "Renewables",1259,1658,2008,2192,2588 "Pumped

  3. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  4. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  5. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Input Supplemental Fuels (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Input Supplemental Fuels (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Input Supplemental Fuels (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1400_smn_2a.xls"

  6. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1350_smn_2a.xls"

  7. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  8. Energy use and engineering audits at state-owned facilities in Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Hirst, E.

    1980-01-01

    The contents and results of two large computerized data bases maintained by the Minnesota Department of Administration are described and analyzed. One contains information on monthly fuel use from 1972 through 1978 for 42 large state facilities: community colleges, state universities, hospitals, prisons, and office buildings. The second contains the results of detailed engineering audits performed at 41 such institutions. The audits cover 270 buildings and include 2010 individual energy conservation recommendations. Several data base management issues are discussed. These include errors and their identification, development of simple and consistent definitions for key terms, and collection of information on the major determinants of energy use and conservation potentials at these facilities.

  9. Permeability, geochemical, and water quality tests in support of an aquifer thermal energy storage site in Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Blair, S.C.; Deutsch, W.J.; Mitchell, P.J.

    1985-04-01

    This report describes the Underground Energy Storage Program's efforts to characterize physicochemical processes at DOE's ATES Field Test Facility (FTF) located on the University of Minnesota campus at St. Paul, Minnesota. Experimental efforts include: field tests at the St. Paul FTF to characterize fluid injectability and to evaluate the effectiveness of fluid-conditioning equipment, geochemical studies to investigate chemical reactions resulting from alterations to the aquifer's thermal regime, and laboratory tests on sandstone core from the site. Each experimental area is discussed and results obtained thus far are reported. 23 refs., 39 figs., 12 tabs.

  10. Climate Zone 7A | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minnesota Polk County, Minnesota Price County, Wisconsin Ramsey County, North Dakota Red Lake County, Minnesota Renville County, North Dakota Rolette County, North Dakota...

  11. Assessing impacts to birds from the Buffalo Ridge, Minnesota windplant development

    SciTech Connect

    Strickland, M.D.; Johnson, G.D.; Erickson, W.P.

    1997-12-31

    Northern States Power (NSP) plans development of a 425 MW windpowered electrical generation facility within the Buffalo Ridge Wind Resource Area (WRA) in southwestern Minnesota. In 1996, Western EcoSystems Technology (WEST, Inc.) was contracted by NSP to develop an avian monitoring protocol for the Buffalo Ridge windplant. This protocol was developed and peer-reviewed by numerous individuals representing the wind energy industry, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, and conservation groups prior to finalization. The WRA currently consists of three phases of development. Phase I, constructed by Kenetech in 1994, consists of 73 Model 33 M-VS turbines and related facilities, including distribution lines, meteorological towers, communication systems, transformers, substations, roads, and operations and maintenance facilities in the approximate center of the WRA, and generates 25 MW of electricity. Phase II, consisting of 143 turbines and related facilities sufficient to generate 100 MW of electricity, will be constructed by Zond Systems, Inc. beginning in the spring of 1997. Phase II will be located in the northwestern portion of the WRA. Phase III facilities capable of generating an additional 100 MW are planned for the southeast portion of the WRA. Plans call for the eventual production of 425 MW of electricity within the WRA. Studies were conducted in these three areas and a permanent reference area not scheduled for windpower development located along Buffalo Ridge northwest of the WRA in Brooking County South Dakota.

  12. Ecological Risk Assessment Framework for Low-Altitude Overflights by Fixed-Wing and Rotary-Wing Military Aircraft

    SciTech Connect

    Efroymson, R.A.

    2001-01-12

    This is a companion report to the risk assessment framework proposed by Suter et al. (1998): ''A Framework for Assessment of Risks of Military Training and Testing to Natural Resources,'' hereafter referred to as the ''generic framework.'' The generic framework is an ecological risk assessment methodology for use in environmental assessments on Department of Defense (DoD) installations. In the generic framework, the ecological risk assessment framework of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1998) is modified for use in the context of (1) multiple and diverse stressors and activities at a military installation and (2) risks resulting from causal chains, e.g., effects on habitat that indirectly impact wildlife. Both modifications are important if the EPA framework is to be used on military installations. In order for the generic risk assessment framework to be useful to DoD environmental staff and contractors, the framework must be applied to specific training and testing activities. Three activity-specific ecological risk assessment frameworks have been written (1) to aid environmental staff in conducting risk assessments that involve these activities and (2) to guide staff in the development of analogous frameworks for other DoD activities. The three activities are: (1) low-altitude overflights by fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft (this volume), (2) firing at targets on land, and (3) ocean explosions. The activities were selected as priority training and testing activities by the advisory committee for this project.

  13. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Roadway Lighting, I-35W Bridge, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Phase I Report

    SciTech Connect

    Kinzey, B. R.; Myer, M. A.

    2009-08-01

    On the I-35W Bridge in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the GATEWAY program conducted a two-phase demonstration of LED roadway lighting on the main span, which is one of the country's oldest continuously operated exterior LED lighting installations. The Phase I report provides an overview of initial project results including lighting performance, economic performance, and potential energy savings.

  14. Red Power Energy Documentary Premiere

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presented by the Indigenous Film & Arts Festival, the documentary film Red Power Energy, told from the Native perspective, presents a portrait of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources on American Indian lands in five states and examines the challenges involved in balancing economic development interests and cultural and environmental concerns.

  15. EA-1692: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon Manufacturing Facility, Red River Parish, LA EA-1692: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon Manufacturing ...

  16. Red River Biodiesel Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red River Biodiesel, Ltd. Place: Houston, Texas Zip: 77006 Product: Red River operates a biodiesel plant in Houstion, Texas with a capacity of...

  17. Red Sun Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Red Sun Energy Place: Long An Province, Vietnam Product: A Vietnam-based PV module manufacturer References: Red Sun Energy1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  18. Science On Tap - Red Wine and Mars

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science On Tap - Red Wine and Mars Science On Tap - Red Wine and Mars WHEN: Jun 18, 2015 5:30 PM - 7:00 PM WHERE: UnQuarked Wine Room 145 Central Park Square, Los Alamos, New...

  19. Red Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hills Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Red Hills Wind Farm Facility Red Hills Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  20. K-25 East Wing Demolition Project Wraps Up, North End Work Next |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy East Wing Demolition Project Wraps Up, North End Work Next K-25 East Wing Demolition Project Wraps Up, North End Work Next September 14, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Oak Ridge, Tenn. - Oak Ridge's EM contractor URS | CH2M Oak Ridge LLC (UCOR) has completed demolition activities on the K-25 Building's east wing and is moving on to demolishing the north end. The K-25 Building, located at East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), was a former gaseous diffusion facility built as part

  1. X-rays reveal the photonic crystals in butterfly wings that create color |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne National Laboratory When you look very close up at a butterfly wing, you can see this patchwork map of lattices with slightly different orientations (colors added to illustrate the domains). Scientists think this structure, and the irregularities along the edges where they meet, helps create the brilliant "sparkle" of the wings. Image courtesy Ian McNulty/Science; click to view larger. When you look very close up at a butterfly wing, you can see this patchwork map of

  2. ORISE Faculty Research Experiences: Dr. Eddie Red

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Eddie Red Professor Makes Important Connections through Research Experience Dr. Eddie Red In ORNL's Chemical Sciences Division, Dr. Eddie Red of Morehouse College studies nanotube characteristics-technology that could impact future solar cells, as well as battery and fuel cells. Eddie C. Red, Ph.D., has longed to set up a functional research laboratory for the training and development of under-represented minorities in physics and engineering at Morehouse College, where he is a professor.

  3. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Amaris Custom Homes, St. Paul, Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    2015-06-01

    For this project, Amaris worked with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) team, NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership, to develop the first Zero Energy Ready Home (ZERH) in Minnesota's cold climate using reasonable, cost-effective, and replicable construction materials and practices. The result is a passive solar, super-efficient 3542-ft2 walkout ranch-style home with all the creature comforts. Along with meeting ZERH standards, Amaris also achieved certifications for Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design for Homes v4, MN Green Path Emerald, and a Builders Association of the Twin Cities Reggie Award of Excellence. The home achieves a HERS score of 41 without photovoltaics; with PV, the home achieves a HERS score of 5.

  4. Thor's Hammer/Red Storm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Camp & Jim Tomkins The Design Specification and Initial Implementation of the Red Storm Architecture --in partnership with Cray, Inc. William J. Camp & James L. Tomkins CCIM, Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM bill@sandia.gov Our rubric Mission critical engineering & science applications Large systems with a few processors per node Message passing paradigm Balanced architecture Use commodity wherever possible Efficient systems software Emphasis on scalability &

  5. Direct potential and temperature effects on the MgHe line-core and far-wing photoabsorption profiles

    SciTech Connect

    Reggami, L.; Bouledroua, M.

    2011-03-15

    The present study deals with the collisional broadening of monatomic magnesium, evolving in a helium buffer gas, in the wavelength and temperature ranges 260-310 nm and 100-3000 K, respectively. The computed emission and absorption spectral profiles are based on the most recent potential-energy curves and transition dipole moments. The required interatomic Mg(3s{sup 2})+He(1s{sup 2}) and Mg(3s3p)+He(1s{sup 2}) potentials are constructed from two different sets. The purpose of this treatment is twofold. First, using the quantum-mechanical Baranger impact approximation, the width and shift of the line-core spectra are determined and their variation law with temperature is examined. Then, the satellite structures in the blue and red wings are analyzed quantum mechanically. The calculations show especially that the free-free transitions contribute most to the MgHe photoabsorption spectra and that a satellite structure is observable beyond the temperature 1800 K around the wavelengths 272 or 276 nm, depending on the used potential set. Weak satellites have also been investigated and, for all cases, the obtained results showed good agreement with those already published.

  6. Letter on the Office of Science M&O Contract Study and the Univerisity of Minnesota 's Institute for Mathematics and its Applications

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) transmitted a letter to the Department on the Office of Science M&O Contract Study and the Univerisity of Minnesota 's Institute for Mathematics and its Applications.

  7. Amended Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power- Great Northern Transmission Line: Federal Register Notice, Volume 79, No. 222- Nov. 18, 2014

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minnesota Power, Great Northern Transmission Line has submitted an amended application for a Presidential Permit to construct, operate, maintain and connect an electric transmission line across the United States border with Canada.

  8. Adaptive Detached Eddy Simulation of a High Lift Wing with Active...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Vorticity contours colored by speed from a detached eddy simulation of flow around a high lift multi-element wing at maximum lift Vorticity contours colored by speed from a...

  9. Adaptive Detached Eddy Simulation of a High Lift Wing with Active...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    such as multi-element wings. Specifically, researchers will model an array of synthetic jets that have been vectored to augment the streamwise momentum near the flap suction peak....

  10. Mitigation of Neutron Background Hazard in F-Wing of SRTC

    SciTech Connect

    Dewberry, R.A.

    2001-07-18

    Analytical Development Section researchers have completed extensive data acquisitions to completely understand and describe the observed neutron backgrounds in F-wing of SRTC. This report will discuss the approach, methodology, results, conclusions, and recommendations.

  11. Retrofit Integrated Space & Water Heating: Field Assessment, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Retrofit Integrated Space and Water Heating: Field Assessment Minneapolis, Minnesota PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Retrofit Integrated Space and Water Heating: Field Assessment Location: Minneapolis, MN Partners: Center for Energy and Environment, www.mncee.org/ Sustainable Resources Center, www.src-mn.org/ University of Minnesota, www.bbe.umn.edu/index.htm NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership Building Component: HVAC Application: Retrofit; single family Year Tested: 2012 Climate

  12. Adaptive Detached Eddy Simulation of a High Lift Wing with Active Flow

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Control | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Vorticity contours colored by speed from a detached eddy simulation of flow around a high lift multi-element wing at maximum lift Vorticity contours colored by speed from a detached eddy simulation of flow around a high lift multi-element wing at maximum lift. Slat, flap and complex supporting structures (right sub figures) that create complex vorticity wakes are resolved in the adaptive, unstructured grid simulation (third subfigure is zoom on

  13. The inverse problems of wing panel manufacture processes

    SciTech Connect

    Oleinikov, A. I.; Bormotin, K. S.

    2013-12-16

    It is shown that inverse problems of steady-state creep bending of plates in both the geometrically linear and nonlinear formulations can be represented in a variational formulation. Steady-state values of the obtained functionals corresponding to the solutions of the problems of inelastic deformation and springback are determined by applying a finite element procedure to the functionals. Optimal laws of creep deformation are formulated using the criterion of minimizing damage in the functionals of the inverse problems. The formulated problems are reduced to the problems solved by the finite element method using MSC.Marc software. Currently, forming of light metals poses tremendous challenges due to their low ductility at room temperature and their unusual deformation characteristics at hot-cold work: strong asymmetry between tensile and compressive behavior, and a very pronounced anisotropy. We used the constitutive models of steady-state creep of initially transverse isotropy structural materials the kind of the stress state has influence. The paper gives basics of the developed computer-aided system of design, modeling, and electronic simulation targeting the processes of manufacture of wing integral panels. The modeling results can be used to calculate the die tooling, determine the panel processibility, and control panel rejection in the course of forming.

  14. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Roadway Lighting, I-35W Bridge, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Phase II Report

    SciTech Connect

    Kinzey, B. R.; Davis, R. G.

    2014-09-30

    On the I-35W Bridge in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the GATEWAY program conducted a two-phase demonstration of LED roadway lighting on the main span, which is one of the country's oldest continuously operated exterior LED lighting installations. The Phase II report documents longer-term performance of the LED lighting system that was installed in 2008, and is the first report on the longer-term performance of LED lighting in the field.

  15. Working report and instruction for repairing of three peaces of wings from a 30 kW Riisagermill

    SciTech Connect

    Ethelfeld, J.; Jensen, F.; Kjoller, J.; Lystrup, A.

    1980-01-01

    This report is made to give the owners of Riisager windmills an instruction to make service and repair of the fiber glass wings.

  16. Redding Electric - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    REU for Commercial Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator Redding Electric Utility Website http:www2.reupower.comrebates.asp State California Program Type Rebate...

  17. RESOURCE ENERGY DATA - The RED Book

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    16 Page i Bonneville Power Administration Conservation RESOURCE ENERGY DATA (The RED Book) INTRODUCTION On December 5, 1980, the 96 th Congress passed the Pacific Northwest...

  18. Redding, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Redding, Connecticut: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.3025955, -73.3834532 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappings...

  19. EA-1692: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Manufacturing Facility, Red River Parish, LA | Department of Energy 2: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon Manufacturing Facility, Red River Parish, LA EA-1692: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon Manufacturing Facility, Red River Parish, LA June 1, 2010 EA-1692: Final Environmental Assessment Construction and Start-Up of an Activated Carbon Manufacturing Facility in Red River Parish, Louisiana June 11, 2010 EA-1692: Finding of No Significant Impact Red

  20. Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-five. Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

    1981-01-01

    A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Minnesota governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

  1. Modeling and simulation of Red Teaming. Part 1, Why Red Team M&S?

    SciTech Connect

    Skroch, Michael J.

    2009-11-01

    Red teams that address complex systems have rarely taken advantage of Modeling and Simulation (M&S) in a way that reproduces most or all of a red-blue team exchange within a computer. Chess programs, starting with IBM's Deep Blue, outperform humans in that red-blue interaction, so why shouldn't we think computers can outperform traditional red teams now or in the future? This and future position papers will explore possible ways to use M&S to augment or replace traditional red teams in some situations, the features Red Team M&S should possess, how one might connect live and simulated red teams, and existing tools in this domain.

  2. Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves closer

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    to completing Oak Ridge's largest cleanup project | Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves closer to completing Oak Ridge's largest cleanup project Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves closer to completing Oak Ridge's largest cleanup project July 21, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Ben Williams http://www.oakridge.doe.gov 865-576-0885 OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - Earlier today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began the demolition of

  3. Butterfly Effects: X-rays reveal the photonic crystals in butterfly wings

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    that create color | Argonne National Laboratory Butterfly Effects: X-rays reveal the photonic crystals in butterfly wings that create color June 17, 2016 Tweet EmailPrint Researchers examined a small piece of a wing scale from the bright green Kaiser-i-Hind butterfly, Teinopalpus imperialis, and ran X-ray studies at the Advanced Photon Source to study the organization of the photonic crystals in the scale. At sizes too small for the human eye, the scales appear to be a flat patchwork map of

  4. Sigurd Red Butte No2 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sigurd Red Butte No2 Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: Sigurd Red Butte No2 EIS for NA Sigurd to Red Butte No. 2 345kV Transmission Project General NEPA...

  5. Minnesota Company 3M Awarded $3 Million by Energy Department to Reduce Cost of Advanced Fuel Cells

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In support of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above approach to American energy, the Energy Department today announced the investment of $3 million to 3M Company in St. Paul, Minnesota, to lower the cost of advanced fuel cell systems by developing cost-effective, durable, and highly efficient fuel cell components. The 3-year project will focus on boosting the performance of fuel cell systems for vehicles and stationary applications while driving down costs. These investments are a part of the Department's commitment to U.S. leadership in innovative fuel cell technologies that give American families and businesses more options to cut energy costs and reduce petroleum use.

  6. Belgium's Red Electrical Devils Win $1 Million for Innovative...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Belgium's Red Electrical Devils Win 1 Million for Innovative Inverter Design NREL ... Google and IEEE announced today that Belgium's Red Electrical Devils, a team from CE+T ...

  7. Renewable Energy Development Group Ltd RED | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Group Ltd RED Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Energy Development Group Ltd (RED) Place: Edinburgh, United Kingdom Zip: EH1 2DP Sector: Biomass, Hydro, Wind energy...

  8. U-200: Red Hat Directory Server Information Disclosure Security...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0: Red Hat Directory Server Information Disclosure Security Issue and Vulnerability U-200: Red Hat Directory Server Information Disclosure Security Issue and Vulnerability June 27,...

  9. Red River Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Red River Hot Springs Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Red River Hot Springs Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and...

  10. Town of Red Springs, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Town of Red Springs, North Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red Springs...

  11. T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    8: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet...

  12. MHK Technologies/RED HAWK | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    RED HAWK < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage RED HAWK.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Natural Currents Energy Services...

  13. Red River Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Red River Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Red River Hot...

  14. Renewable Energies Development RED 2002 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Development RED 2002 Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Energies Development (RED) 2002 Place: Rome, Italy Zip: 142 Product: PV systems integrator. Coordinates:...

  15. City of Red Cloud, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Red Cloud, Nebraska (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red Cloud Municipal Power Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 402-746-2215 Website: www.redcloudnebraska.comgover...

  16. RSE Pulp & Chemical, LLC (Subsidiary of Red Shield Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    RSE Pulp & Chemical, LLC (Subsidiary of Red Shield Environmental, LLC) RSE Pulp & Chemical, LLC (Subsidiary of Red Shield Environmental, LLC) A fact sheet detailling a proposal of ...

  17. City of Redding, California (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    City of Redding, California (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Redding Place: California Phone Number: 530.245.7000 Website: www.reupower.com Outage...

  18. DOE Begins Demoltion on K-25’s East Wing

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE begins demolition of Building K-25’s east wing. The former uranium enrichment facility, located at ETTP, was once the world’s largest building under one roof, covering more than 44 acres. The project is one of DOE’s highest EM priorities in Oak Ridge and an integral component to completing cleanup of ETTP.

  19. Host compounds for red phosphorescent OLEDs

    SciTech Connect

    Xia, Chuanjun; Cheon, Kwang -Ohk

    2015-08-25

    Novel compounds containing a triphenylene moiety linked to an .alpha..beta. connected binaphthyl ring system are provided. These compounds have surprisingly good solubility in organic solvents and are useful as host compounds in red phosphorescent OLEDs.

  20. Redding Electric- Renewable Energy Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Earth Advantage Rebate Program was designed to offer rebates to residential and business customers of Redding Electric Utility (REU) for solar PV, solar thermal, and geothermal heat pump...

  1. University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the second long-term cycle

    SciTech Connect

    Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Lauer, J.L.; Walton, M.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Howe, J.T.; Splettstoesser, J.F.

    1991-12-01

    The technical feasibility of high-temperature [>100{degrees}C (>212{degrees}F)] aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in a deep, confined aquifer was tested in a series of experimental cycles at the University of Minnesota`s St. Paul field test facility (FTF). This report describes the second long-term cycle (LT2), which was conducted from October 1986 through April 1987. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic effects are reported. Approximately 61% of the 9.21 GWh of energy added to the 9.38 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3} of ground water stored during LT2 was recovered. Temperatures of the water stored and recovered averaged 118{degrees}C (244{degrees}F) and 85{degrees}C (185{degrees}F), respectively. Results agreed with previous cycles conducted at the FTF. System operation during LT2 was nearly as planned. Operational experience from previous cycles at the FTF was extremely helpful. Ion-exchange softening of the heated and stored aquifer water prevented scaling in the system heat exchangers and the storage well, and changed the major-ion chemistry of the stored water. Sodium bicarbonate replaced magnesium and calcium bicarbonate as primary ions in the softened water. Water recovered form storage was approximately at equilibrium with respect to dissolved ions. Silica, calcium, and magnesium were significantly higher in recovered water than in injected water. Sodium was significantly lower in water recovered than in water stored.

  2. EERE: VTO - Red Leaf PNG Image | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EERE: VTO - Red Leaf PNG Image EERE: VTO - Red Leaf PNG Image red_leaf_18215.png (11.54 MB) More Documents & Publications EERE: VTO - Hybrid Bus PNG Image EERE: VTO - UPS Truck PNG Image RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project

  3. Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap

    SciTech Connect

    Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.

    2009-12-01

    The goal of the Minnesota net metering policy is to give the maximum possible encouragement to distributed generation assets, especially solar electric systems (MN 2008). However, according to a published set of best practices (NNEC 2008) that prioritize the maximum development of solar markets within states, the Minnesota policy does not incorporate many of the important best practices that may help other states transform their solar energy markets and increase the amount of grid-connected distributed solar generation assets. Reasons cited include the low system size limit of 40kW (the best practices document recommends a 2 MW limit) and a lack of language protecting generators from additional utility fees. This study was conducted to compare Minnesota's policies to national best practices. It provides an overview of the current Minnesota policy in the context of these best practices and other jurisdictions' net metering policies, as well as a qualitative assessment of the impacts of raising the system size cap within the policy based on the experiences of other states.

  4. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Amaris Custom Homes, St.Paul, Minnesota; DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    SciTech Connect

    2015-06-01

    For this project Amaris worked with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) team, NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership, to approach zero energy in Minnesota's cold climate using reasonable, cost-effective, and replicable construction materials and practices. The result is a passive solar, super-efficient 3542-ft2 walkout rambler with all the creature comforts.

  5. 7X performance results - final report : ASCI Red vs Red Storm.

    SciTech Connect

    Dinge, Dennis C.; Davis, Michael E.; Haskell, Karen H.; Ballance, Robert A.; Gardiner, Thomas Anthony; Stevenson, Joel O.; Noe, John P.

    2011-04-01

    The goal of the 7X performance testing was to assure Sandia National Laboratories, Cray Inc., and the Department of Energy that Red Storm would achieve its performance requirements which were defined as a comparison between ASCI Red and Red Storm. Our approach was to identify one or more problems for each application in the 7X suite, run those problems at multiple processor sizes in the capability computing range, and compare the results between ASCI Red and Red Storm. The first part of this report describes the two computer systems, the applications in the 7X suite, the test problems, and the results of the performance tests on ASCI Red and Red Storm. During the course of the testing on Red Storm, we had the opportunity to run the test problems in both single-core mode and dual-core mode and the second part of this report describes those results. Finally, we reflect on lessons learned in undertaking a major head-to-head benchmark comparison.

  6. Red mud characterization using nuclear analytical techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Obhodas, J.; Sudac, D.; Matjacic, L.; Valkovic, V.

    2011-07-01

    Red mud is a toxic waste left as a byproduct in aluminum production Bayer process. Since it contains significant concentrations of other chemical elements interesting for industry, including REE, it is also potential secondary ore source. Recent events in some countries have shown that red mud presents a serious environmental hazard if not properly stored. The subject of our study is the red mud from an ex-aluminum plant in Obrovac, Croatia, left from processing of bauxite mined during late 70's and early 80's at the eastern Adriatic coast and since than stored in open concrete basins for more than 30 years. We have used energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence analysis (both tube and radioactive source excitation), fast neutron activation analysis and passive gamma spectrometry to identify a number of elements present in the red mud, their concentration levels and radioactivity in the red mud. The high concentrations of Al, Si, Ca, Ti and Fe have been measured. Chemical elements Sc, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Br, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Pb, Th and U were found in lower concentrations. No significant levels of radioactivity have been measured. (authors)

  7. Biotreatment of red water with fungal systems

    SciTech Connect

    Tsai, TenLin S.; Turner, R.J.; Sanville, C.J.

    1990-01-01

    Red water generated during the manufacture of trinitrotoluene (TNT) is an environmental concern because it contaminates ground surfaces and groundwaters. Past methods for the management of this hazardous waste stream did not meet pollution compliance or were not cost effective. Biodegradation of TNT by bacteria has been reported, but no conclusive evidence supports its biotransformation to harmless products or its complete mineralization. The lignin peroxidase (ligninase) secreted by the white rot fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) has been shown to degrade a broad spectrum of organic pollutants. In this study, the efficacy of treating red water with the P. chrysosporium system was investigated.

  8. Science On Tap - Red Wine and Mars

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science On Tap - Red Wine and Mars Science On Tap - Red Wine and Mars WHEN: Jun 18, 2015 5:30 PM - 7:00 PM WHERE: UnQuarked Wine Room 145 Central Park Square, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544, USA SPEAKER: Nina Lanza, Geochemist and Planetary Scientist CONTACT: Jessica Privette 505 667-0375 CATEGORY: Bradbury INTERNAL: Calendar Login Science on Tap series Event Description Science On Tap happens every third Thursday of the month, featuring a new topic each week. It begins with an informal 15-minute

  9. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar PV at the Atlas Industrial Park in Duluth, Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Steen, M.; Lisell, L.; Mosey, G.

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 5, in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Atlas Industrial Park in Duluth, Minnesota, for a feasibility study of renewable energy production. The EPA provided funding to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to support a feasibility study of solar renewable energy generation at the Atlas Industrial Park. NREL provided technical assistance for this project but did not assess environmental conditions at the site beyond those related to the performance of a photovoltaic (PV) system. The purpose of this study is to assess the site for a possible PV installation and estimate the cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV configurations. In addition, the study evaluates financing options that could assist in the implementation of a PV system at the site.

  10. Audit report on Western Area Power Administration's purchase of a jet fixed-winged aircraft

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-12-05

    We reviewed Western Area Power Administraion's (Western) purchase of a jet fixed-winged aircraft for official travel purposes. We found that the decision to purchase the aircraft was made without an adequate determination of need; without the required cost analysis prescribed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and Department regulations; and without a valid justification demonstrating lack of suitable commercial air service, improved productivity, reduced travel cost, and emergency crew dispatch.

  11. The FIRST-2MASS Red Quasar Survey

    SciTech Connect

    Glikman, E; Helfand, D J; White, R L; Becker, R H; Gregg, M D; Lacy, M

    2007-06-28

    Combining radio observations with optical and infrared color selection--demonstrated in our pilot study to be an efficient selection algorithm for finding red quasars--we have obtained optical and infrared spectroscopy for 120 objects in a complete sample of 156 candidates from a sky area of 2716 square degrees. Consistent with our initial results, we find our selection criteria--J-K > 1.7,R-K > 4.0--yield a {approx} 50% success rate for discovering quasars substantially redder than those found in optical surveys. Comparison with UVX- and optical color-selected samples shows that {approx}> 10% of the quasars are missed in a magnitude-limited survey. Simultaneous two-frequency radio observations for part of the sample indicate that a synchrotron continuum component is ruled out as a significant contributor to reddening the quasars spectra. We go on to estimate extinctions for our objects assuming their red colors are caused by dust. Continuum fits and Balmer decrements suggest E(B-V) values ranging from near zero to 2.5 magnitudes. Correcting the K-band magnitudes for these extinctions, we find that for K {le} 14.0, red quasars make up between 25% and 60% of the underlying quasar population; owing to the incompleteness of the 2MASS survey at fainter K-band magnitudes, we can only set a lower limit to the radio-detected red quasar population of > 20-30%.

  12. ASCI Red for dummies : a recipe book for easy use of the ASCI Red platform.

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, Suzanne Marie; Quinlan, Gerald F.; Miller, Joel D.; Sault, Allen G.; McAllister, Paula L.

    2003-11-01

    It has been recognized that documentation for new customers of ASCI Red, aka janus or the Intel Teraflops at Sandia National Laboratories, has been sadly lacking. This document has been prepared by a team of subject matter experts to fill that void and to provide a starting point for providing a similar document for ASCI Red Storm in the future. This document is intended for SNL users who need to jumpstart their use of Janus and Janus-s.

  13. Kevin Redding | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ana Moore Anne Jones Devens Gust Don Seo Giovanna Ghirlanda Hao Yan James Allen Kevin Redding Petra Fromme Thomas Moore Yan Liu Kevin Redding Associate Director of the Center...

  14. V-198: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Python Certificate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    8: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Python Certificate Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Conduct Man-in-the-Middle Attacks V-198: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Python...

  15. Suzhou Red Maple Wind Blade Mould Co | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Red Maple Wind Blade Mould Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: Suzhou Red Maple Wind Blade Mould Co Place: Jiangsu Province, China Zip: 215400 Sector: Wind energy Product: Jiangsu...

  16. American Red Cross Blood Drive Hanford Health and Safety Exposition

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Red Cross Blood Drive Hanford Health and Safety Exposition 6600 Burden Blvd. - TRAC Center ... further instructions. redcrossblood.org I 1-800-RED CROSS (1-800 - 733-2767) ......

  17. Characterization and Isolation of Constituents Causing Red Coloration in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Desert Arroyo Seepage Water | Department of Energy Characterization and Isolation of Constituents Causing Red Coloration in Desert Arroyo Seepage Water Characterization and Isolation of Constituents Causing Red Coloration in Desert Arroyo Seepage Water Characterization and Isolation of Constituents Causing Red Coloration in Desert Arroyo Seepage Water Characterization and Isolation of Constituents Causing Red Coloration in Desert Arroyo Seepage Water (863.48 KB) More Documents &

  18. T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service | Department of Energy 8: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service July 28, 2011 - 3:47pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. PLATFORM: Red Hat Enterprise

  19. Hidden values in bauxite residue (red mud): Recovery of metals

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Yanju; Naidu, Ravi

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Current iron recovery techniques using red mud are depicted. • Advantages and disadvantages exist in different recovering processes. • Economic and environmental friendly integrated usage of red mud is promising. - Abstract: Bauxite residue (red mud) is a hazardous waste generated from alumina refining industries. Unless managed properly, red mud poses significant risks to the local environment due to its extreme alkalinity and its potential impacts on surface and ground water quality. The ever-increasing generation of red mud poses significant challenges to the aluminium industries from management perspectives given the low proportion that are currently being utilized beneficially. Red mud, in most cases, contains elevated concentrations of iron in addition to aluminium, titanium, sodium and valuable rare earth elements. Given the scarcity of iron supply globally, the iron content of red mud has attracted increasing research interest. This paper presents a critical overview of the current techniques employed for iron recovery from red mud. Information on the recovery of other valuable metals is also reviewed to provide an insight into the full potential usage of red mud as an economic resource rather than a waste. Traditional hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy are being investigated continuously. However, in this review several new techniques are introduced that consider the process of iron recovery from red mud. An integrated process which can achieve multiple additional values from red mud is much preferred over the single process methods. The information provided here should help to improve the future management and utilization of red mud.

  20. Multigrid with red black SOR revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Yavneh, I.

    1994-12-31

    Optimal relaxation parameters are obtained for red-black point Gauss-Seidel relaxation in multigrid solvers of a family of elliptic equations. The resulting relaxation schemes are found to retain high efficiency over an appreciable range of coefficients of the elliptic operator, yielding simple, inexpensive and fully parallelizable smoothers in many situations where more complicated and less cost-effective block-relaxation and/or partial coarsening are commonly used.

  1. RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project Overview DEER 2008 Energy demand is exploding but "renewable energy" can't fill gap. Existing conventional oil production is "peaking" Lower extraction costs and demand have accelerated unconventional oil sands. * Unconventional Hydrocarbons - The hidden opportunity, oil industry consultancy Wood Mackenzie: "by 2025 unconventional oil is expected to supply more than 20% of global demand. Canada's UNCONVENTIONAL climb to the top of world

  2. V-138: Red Hat update for icedtea-web | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    8: Red Hat update for icedtea-web V-138: Red Hat update for icedtea-web April 19, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Red Hat has issued an update for icedtea-web PLATFORM: Red Hat ...

  3. redMaGiC. Selecting Luminous Red Galaxies from the DES Science Verification Data

    SciTech Connect

    Rozo, E.

    2015-07-20

    We introduce redMaGiC, an automated algorithm for selecting Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs). The algorithm was developed to minimize photometric redshift uncertainties in photometric large-scale structure studies. redMaGiC achieves this by self-training the color-cuts necessary to produce a luminosity-thresholded LRG sam- ple of constant comoving density. Additionally, we demonstrate that redMaGiC photo-zs are very nearly as accurate as the best machine-learning based methods, yet they require minimal spectroscopic training, do not suffer from extrapolation biases, and are very nearly Gaussian. We apply our algorithm to Dark Energy Survey (DES) Science Verification (SV) data to produce a redMaGiC catalog sampling the redshift range z ϵ [0.2,0.8]. Our fiducial sample has a comoving space density of 10-3 (h-1Mpc)-3, and a median photo-z bias (zspec zphoto) and scatter (σz=(1 + z)) of 0.005 and 0.017 respectively.The corresponding 5σ outlier fraction is 1.4%. We also test our algorithm with Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 8 (DR8) and Stripe 82 data, and discuss how spectroscopic training can be used to control photo-z biases at the 0.1% level.

  4. University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the second long-term cycle

    SciTech Connect

    Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Lauer, J.L.; Walton, M.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Howe, J.T.; Splettstoesser, J.F. )

    1991-12-01

    The technical feasibility of high-temperature (>100{degrees}C (>212{degrees}F)) aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in a deep, confined aquifer was tested in a series of experimental cycles at the University of Minnesota's St. Paul field test facility (FTF). This report describes the second long-term cycle (LT2), which was conducted from October 1986 through April 1987. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic effects are reported. Approximately 61% of the 9.21 GWh of energy added to the 9.38 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3} of ground water stored during LT2 was recovered. Temperatures of the water stored and recovered averaged 118{degrees}C (244{degrees}F) and 85{degrees}C (185{degrees}F), respectively. Results agreed with previous cycles conducted at the FTF. System operation during LT2 was nearly as planned. Operational experience from previous cycles at the FTF was extremely helpful. Ion-exchange softening of the heated and stored aquifer water prevented scaling in the system heat exchangers and the storage well, and changed the major-ion chemistry of the stored water. Sodium bicarbonate replaced magnesium and calcium bicarbonate as primary ions in the softened water. Water recovered form storage was approximately at equilibrium with respect to dissolved ions. Silica, calcium, and magnesium were significantly higher in recovered water than in injected water. Sodium was significantly lower in water recovered than in water stored.

  5. Inflatable wing

    DOEpatents

    Sebrell, Wayne A.

    1976-01-01

    An inflatable structure for use as an aerodynamic surface. The structure is formed from a series of cylindrical pressure chambers which are inflated to deploy the structure from its stored condition. Varying cylinder sizes yield aerodynamically curved surfaces.

  6. Redding Direct Interconnection Project, Shasta County, California:

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    As required under the California Environemtnal Quality Act (CEQA), the City of Redding (City) has prepared an Environmental Impact report (EIR) for the proposed Direct interconnection Project. Western Area Power Administration (Western) is also required to prepare an environmental assessment (EA) under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) due to its involvement in the Project. Since the City has alrady prepared their EIR, this EA will briefly summarize the impact assessment field work and findings from the City's EIR. The EIR is attached as an appendix to this EA. 21 refs., 20 figs., 10 tabs.

  7. Blue, green, orange, and red upconversion laser

    DOEpatents

    Xie, Ping; Gosnell, Timothy R.

    1998-01-01

    A laser for outputting visible light at the wavelengths of blue, green, orange and red light. This is accomplished through the doping of a substrate, such as an optical fiber or waveguide, with Pr.sup.3+ ions and Yb.sup.3+ ions. A light pump such as a diode laser is used to excite these ions into energy states which will produce lasing at the desired wavelengths. Tuning elements such as prisms and gratings can be employed to select desired wavelengths for output.

  8. Blue, green, orange, and red upconversion laser

    DOEpatents

    Xie, P.; Gosnell, T.R.

    1998-09-08

    A laser is disclosed for outputting visible light at the wavelengths of blue, green, orange and red light. This is accomplished through the doping of a substrate, such as an optical fiber or waveguide, with Pr{sup 3+} ions and Yb{sup 3+} ions. A light pump such as a diode laser is used to excite these ions into energy states which will produce lasing at the desired wavelengths. Tuning elements such as prisms and gratings can be employed to select desired wavelengths for output. 11 figs.

  9. Red Sea heat flow through time

    SciTech Connect

    Pigott, J.D.; Forgotson, J.M.; Girmachev, T. |

    1995-08-01

    Reprocessed multifold seismic lines extending across the Red Sea allow new images of rifting which previously have only been speculated upon. When constrained both by borehole information and sonabuoy refraction, reflection seismic stratigraphy provides a firm foundation for the balancing of extensional features and the determination of crustal stretching factors. These estimates of stretching are useful input parameters for the determination of lithospheric thinning and heat flow through time. The present day thermal state of the Red Sea can be derived by incorporating corrected borehole formation temperatures with oceanographic heat flow measurements into Fourier`s heat flow equation. In order to look at non-steady state effects, heat flows are then extrapolated back through time both from the crustal stretching estimates and empirical relationships between basement depth and thermal crustal cooling. The resulting paleo-heat flow time panels for the Tertiary are instructive in allowing one to observe tectonically produced thermal anomalies through time and space and to constrain kinetic models of hydrocarbon maturation. Ignoring these time transient effects in the heat flow leads to inappropriate maturity approximations and incorrect play concepts for exploration in this region.

  10. Red Cliffs Campground, Cedar City District, Utah | Department...

    Energy Saver

    This photograph shows the field station at Red Cliffs Campground in Utah's Cedar City District. Photovoltaic power systems allow the people working in these remote areas to have ...

  11. Redding Electric- Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Redding Electric Utility offers a variety of financial incentives for energy efficiency through its Residential and Commercial Rebate Programs. Rebates are for weatherization measures, HVAC...

  12. Microsoft Word - RED_Book_FY08_FINAL.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    16 Page i Bonneville Power Administration Conservation RESOURCE ENERGY DATA (The RED Book) INTRODUCTION On December 5, 1980, the 96 th Congress passed the Pacific Northwest...

  13. Red Bank, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    (Redirected from Red Bank, NJ) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.3470543, -74.0643065 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":...

  14. University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the third long-term cycle

    SciTech Connect

    Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Uebel, M.H.; Delin, G.N.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Sterling, R.L.

    1994-12-01

    The University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system has been operated as a field test facility (FTF) since 1982. The objectives were to design, construct, and operate the facility to study the feasibility of high-temperature ATES in a confined aquifer. Four short-term and two long-term cycles were previously conducted, which provided a greatly increased understanding of the efficiency and geochemical effects of high-temperature aquifer thermal energy storage. The third long-term cycle (LT3) was conducted to operate the ATES system in conjunction with a real heating load and to further study the geochemical impact that heated water storage had on the aquifer. For LT3, the source and storage wells were modified so that only the most permeable portion, the Ironton-Galesville part, of the Franconia-Ironton-Galesville aquifer was used for storage. This was expected to improve storage efficiency by reducing the surface area of the heated volume and simplify analysis of water chemistry results by reducing the number of aquifer-related variables which need to be considered. During LT3, a total volume of 63.2 {times} 10{sup 3} m {sup 3} of water was injected at a rate of 54.95 m{sup 3}/hr into the storage well at a mean temperature of 104.7{degrees}C. Tie-in to the reheat system of the nearby Animal Sciences Veterinary Medicine (ASVM) building was completed after injection was completed. Approximately 66 percent (4.13 GWh) of the energy added to the aquifer was recovered. Approximately 15 percent (0.64 GWh) of the usable (10 building. Operations during heat recovery with the ASVM building`s reheat system were trouble-free. Integration into more of the ASVM (or other) building`s mechanical systems would have resulted in significantly increasing the proportion of energy used during heat recovery.

  15. The behavior and origin of the excess wing in DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide)

    SciTech Connect

    Hensel-Bielowka, S; Sangoro, Joshua R; Wojnarowska, S; Hawelek, L; Paluch, Marian

    2013-01-01

    Broadband dielectric spectroscopy along with a high pressure technique and quantum-mechanical calculations are employed to study in detail the behavior and to reveal the origin of the excess wing (EW) in neat N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET). Our analysis of dielectric spectra again corroborates the idea that the EW is a hidden b-relaxation peak. Moreover, we found that the position frequency of the b peak corresponds to the position of the primitive relaxation of the Coupling Model. We also studied the possible intramolecular rotations in DEET by means of DFT calculation. On that basis we were able to describe the EW as the JG b-relaxation and find the possible origin of the g-relaxation visible in DEET dielectric spectra at very low temperatures.

  16. A RARE EARLY-TYPE STAR REVEALED IN THE WING OF THE SMALL MAGELLANIC CLOUD

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, C. J.; Hainich, R.; Oskinova, L. M.; Hamann, W.-R.; Todt, H.; Gallagher III, J. S.; Chu, Y.-H.; Gruendl, R. A.; Henault-Brunet, V.

    2012-07-10

    Sk 183 is the visually brightest star in the N90 nebula, a young star-forming region in the Wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). We present new optical spectroscopy from the Very Large Telescope which reveals Sk 183 to be one of the most massive O-type stars in the SMC. Classified as an O3-type dwarf on the basis of its nitrogen spectrum, the star also displays broadened He I absorption, which suggests a later type. We propose that Sk 183 has a composite spectrum and that it is similar to another star in the SMC, MPG 324. This brings the number of rare O2- and O3-type stars known in the whole of the SMC to a mere four. We estimate physical parameters for Sk 183 from analysis of its spectrum. For a single-star model, we estimate an effective temperature of 46 {+-} 2 kK, a low mass-loss rate of {approx}10{sup -7} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, and a spectroscopic mass of 46{sup +9}{sub -8} M{sub Sun} (for an adopted distance modulus of 18.7 mag to the young population in the SMC Wing). An illustrative binary model requires a slightly hotter temperature ({approx}47.5 kK) for the primary component. In either scenario, Sk 183 is the earliest-type star known in N90 and will therefore be the dominant source of hydrogen-ionizing photons. This suggests Sk 183 is the primary influence on the star formation along the inner edge of the nebula.

  17. Realistic Probability Estimates For Destructive Overpressure Events In Heated Center Wing Tanks Of Commercial Jet Aircraft

    SciTech Connect

    Alvares, N; Lambert, H

    2007-02-07

    The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) identified 17 accidents that may have resulted from fuel tank explosions on commercial aircraft from 1959 to 2001. Seven events involved JP 4 or JP 4/Jet A mixtures that are no longer used for commercial aircraft fuel. The remaining 10 events involved Jet A or Jet A1 fuels that are in current use by the commercial aircraft industry. Four fuel tank explosions occurred in center wing tanks (CWTs) where on-board appliances can potentially transfer heat to the tank. These tanks are designated as ''Heated Center Wing Tanks'' (HCWT). Since 1996, the FAA has significantly increased the rate at which it has mandated airworthiness directives (ADs) directed at elimination of ignition sources. This effort includes the adoption, in 2001, of Special Federal Aviation Regulation 88 of 14 CFR part 21 (SFAR 88 ''Fuel Tank System Fault Tolerance Evaluation Requirements''). This paper addresses SFAR 88 effectiveness in reducing HCWT ignition source probability. Our statistical analysis, relating the occurrence of both on-ground and in-flight HCWT explosions to the cumulative flight hours of commercial passenger aircraft containing HCWT's reveals that the best estimate of HCWT explosion rate is 1 explosion in 1.4 x 10{sup 8} flight hours. Based on an analysis of SFAR 88 by Sandia National Laboratories and our independent analysis, SFAR 88 reduces current risk of historical HCWT explosion by at least a factor of 10, thus meeting an FAA risk criteria of 1 accident in billion flight hours. This paper also surveys and analyzes parameters for Jet A fuel ignition in HCWT's. Because of the paucity of in-flight HCWT explosions, we conclude that the intersection of the parameters necessary and sufficient to result in an HCWT explosion with sufficient overpressure to rupture the HCWT is extremely rare.

  18. RE: NBP RFI: Communications Requirements | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy NBP RFI: Communications Requirements- Comments of Meeker Cooperative Light and Power- Minnesota Comments of Crow Wing Power

  19. Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet), Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Excavationless: Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes Minneapolis, Minnesota PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Field Study Location: Minneapolis, MN Partners: Cocoon, cocoon-solutions.com Urban Homeworks, urbanhomeworks.org/ BASF, basf.us American Environmental, LLC NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership Building Component: Foundation insulation Application: Retrofit; single-family Year Tested: 2013 Applicable Climate Zones: All

  20. U-159: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Bug Lets Certain...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    9: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Bug Lets Certain Remote Users Bypass Authentication U-159: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Bug Lets Certain Remote Users Bypass...

  1. V-163: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync Remote Authentication Bypass V-163: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync Remote Authentication Bypass May...

  2. A Combustion Model for the TWA 800 Center-Wing Fuel Tank Explosion

    SciTech Connect

    Baer, M.R.; Gross, R.J.

    1998-10-02

    In support of the National Transportation Safety Board investigation of the TWA Flight 800 accident, a combined experimental/computational effort was conducted that focused on quarter-scale testing and simulation of the fuel-air explosion in the Boeing 747 center wing fuel tank. This report summarizes the modeling approach used at Sandia National Laboratories. In this approach approximations are introduced that capture the essential physics associated with turbulent flame propagation in multiple compartment fuel tanks. This model efficiently defines the pressure loading conditions during a jet-fuel air explosion in a fuel tank confinement. Modeling calculations compare favorably with a variety of experimental quarter-scale tests conducted in rigid confinement. The modeling describes well the overpressure history in several geometry configurations. Upon demonstrating a reasonable comparison to experimental observations, a parametric study of eight possible ignition sources is then discussed. Model calculations demonstrate that different loading conditions arise as the location of the ignition event is varied. By comparing the inferred damage and calculated impulses to that seen in the recovered tank, it maybe possible to reduce the number of likely sources. A possible extension of this work to better define tank damage includes coupling the combustion model as a pressure loading routine for structural failure analysis.

  3. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Summary"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,"Data 3","Underground Storage",4,"Annual",2015,"06301973" ,"Data 4","Liquefied Natural Gas Storage",3,"Annual",2015,"06301980" ,"Data 5","Consumption",8,"Annual",2015,"0630...

  4. Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Monticello

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    date","License expiration date" 1,554,"4,695",96.7,"BWR","applicationvnd.ms-excel","applicationvnd.ms-excel" ,554,"4,695",96.7 "Data for 2010" "BWR Boiling Water Reactor."

  5. Minnesota Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.77 2.94 2.98 3.49 3.88 4.28 1989-2016 Residential Price 8.01 7.58 10.50 12.19 NA 13.38 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.50 6.17 NA 7.39 8.14 7.78 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 83.9 83.5 NA 73.0 72.6 74.7 1989-2016 Industrial Price 3.65 3.35 4.25 3.71 4.11 4.09 2001-2016 Percentage

  6. Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Monticello

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monticello" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date" 1,554,"4,695",96.7,"BWR","application/vnd.ms-excel","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,554,"4,695",96.7 "Data for 2010" "BWR = Boiling Water Reactor."

  7. Minnesota Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.48 5.04 4.26 4.58 6.56 4.40 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.76 8.85 7.99 8.19 9.89 8.84 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  8. Minnesota Natural Gas Summary

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Citygate 3.77 2.94 2.98 3.49 3.88 4.28 1989-2016 Residential 8.01 7.58 10.50 12.19 NA 13.38 1989-2016 Commercial 6.50 6.17 NA 7.39 8.14 7.78 1989-2016 Industrial 3.65 3.35 4.25 3.71 4.11 4.09 2001-2016 Electric Power W W W W W W 2002-2016 Underground Storage (Million Cubic Feet) Total Capacity 7,000 7,000 7,000 7,000 7,000 7,000 2002-2016 Gas in Storage 6,016 6,009 6,085 6,259 6,464 6,692 1990-2016

  9. Minnesota Natural Gas Summary

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Commercial 7.60 7.46 6.36 6.86 8.66 7.31 1967-2015 Industrial 5.58 5.55 4.28 4.94 6.57 4.87 1997-2015 Vehicle Fuel 16.49 10.55 10.56 1993-2012 Electric Power W W W W W W 1997-2015 ...

  10. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Date:","04292016" ,"Excel File Name:","ngprisumdcusmnm.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:www.eia.govdnavngngprisumdcusmnm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy ...

  11. Western Red-tailed Skink Distribution in Southern Nevada

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, D. B. and Gergor, P. D.

    2011-11-01

    This slide show reports a study to: determine Western Red-tailed Skink (WRTS) distribution on Nevada National Security Site (NNSS); identify habitat where WRTS occur; learn more about WRTS natural history; and document distribution of other species.

  12. Red River Valley REA- Heat Pump Loan Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red River Valley Rural Electric Association (RRVREA) offers a loan program to its members for air-source and geothermal heat pumps. Loans are available for geothermal heat pumps at a 5% fixed...

  13. Red River Parish, Louisiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red River Parish is a county in Louisiana. Its FIPS County Code is 081. It is classified as...

  14. Red Bank, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Bank is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey. It falls under New Jersey's 6th...

  15. Red River Valley Rrl Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Elec Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red River Valley Rrl Elec Assn Place: Oklahoma Phone Number: 1-800-749-3364 or 580-564-1800 Website: www.rrvrea.com Twitter:...

  16. Red River County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red River County is a county in Texas. Its FIPS County Code is 387. It is classified as...

  17. Red Feather Lakes, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Feather Lakes is a census-designated place in Larimer County, Colorado.1 References...

  18. Red Willow County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Willow County is a county in Nebraska. Its FIPS County Code is 145. It is classified as...

  19. City of Red Bud, Illinois (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Bud, Illinois (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red Bud City of Place: Illinois Phone Number: 618.282.3339 or 618.282.2315 Website: www.cityofredbud.orgdepartmen...

  20. Red Mesa, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Mesa is a census-designated place in Apache County, Arizona.1 References US...

  1. Red Hill, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Hill is a borough in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. It falls under Pennsylvania's...

  2. Microsoft Word - RED_Book_FY11_FINAL without cover

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Conservation Resource Energy Data The RED Book Fiscal Year 2011 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ......

  3. Red Butte, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Butte is a census-designated place in Natrona County, Wyoming. It falls under Wyoming's...

  4. Red Bank, Tennessee: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Bank is a city in Hamilton County, Tennessee. It falls under Tennessee's 3rd...

  5. Red Cliff, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Red Cliff is a town in Eagle County, Colorado. It falls under Colorado's 2nd congressional...

  6. Energy Secretary Bodman Tours Alabama Red Cross Facility and Attends

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    National Day of Prayer and Remembrance Service with Governor Riley | Department of Energy Tours Alabama Red Cross Facility and Attends National Day of Prayer and Remembrance Service with Governor Riley Energy Secretary Bodman Tours Alabama Red Cross Facility and Attends National Day of Prayer and Remembrance Service with Governor Riley September 16, 2005 - 10:24am Addthis MONTGOMERY, AL - Today, Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman traveled to Montgomery, Alabama, to commemorate a National

  7. Belgium's Red Electrical Devils Win $1 Million for Innovative Inverter

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Design | Energy Systems Integration | NREL Belgium's Red Electrical Devils Win $1 Million for Innovative Inverter Design NREL provided critical information to help determine the winner February 29, 2016 Google and IEEE announced today that Belgium's Red Electrical Devils, a team from CE+T Power, has won the Little Box Challenge, a competition to invent a much smaller inverter for interconnecting solar power systems to the power grid. The success earned the team a $1 million prize while

  8. Red Storm usage model :Version 1.12.

    SciTech Connect

    Jefferson, Karen L.; Sturtevant, Judith E.

    2005-12-01

    Red Storm is an Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) funded massively parallel supercomputer located at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The Red Storm Usage Model (RSUM) documents the capabilities and the environment provided for the FY05 Tri-Lab Level II Limited Availability Red Storm User Environment Milestone and the FY05 SNL Level II Limited Availability Red Storm Platform Milestone. This document describes specific capabilities, tools, and procedures to support both local and remote users. The model is focused on the needs of the ASC user working in the secure computing environments at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and SNL. Additionally, the Red Storm Usage Model maps the provided capabilities to the Tri-Lab ASC Computing Environment (ACE) requirements. The ACE requirements reflect the high performance computing requirements for the ASC community and have been updated in FY05 to reflect the community's needs. For each section of the RSUM, Appendix I maps the ACE requirements to the Limited Availability User Environment capabilities and includes a description of ACE requirements met and those requirements that are not met in that particular section. The Red Storm Usage Model, along with the ACE mappings, has been issued and vetted throughout the Tri-Lab community.

  9. Proposed amendment to presidential permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada. [Forbes Substation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    This Addendum to the Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500 kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada (DOE/EA-587) addresses Northern States Power Company's (NSP) proposed expansion of the Forbes Substation. The applicant has requested that the expansion take place on the west side of the substation, within the existing property line, instead of on the north side as originally proposed. All of the proposed construction would take place on property already owned by NSP. DOE has reviewed the environmental impacts associated with this minor modification and has determined that the conclusions reached in the environmental assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact prepared in connection with NSP's original amendment request remain valid.

  10. Delineation of a wellhead protection zone and determination of flowpaths from potential groundwater contaminant source areas at Camp Ripley, Little Falls, Minnesota.

    SciTech Connect

    Quinn, J. J.; Environmental Science Division

    2006-12-22

    Groundwater at Camp Ripley, Minnesota, is recharged both on post and off site and discharged to rivers, wetlands, and pumping wells. The subsurface geologic materials have a wide range of permeabilities and are arranged in a complex fashion as a result of the region's multiple glacial advances. Correlation of individual glacial geologic units is difficult, even between nearby boreholes, because of the heterogeneities in the subsurface. This report documents the creation of a numerical model of groundwater flow for Camp Ripley and hydrologically related areas to the west and southwest. The model relies on a hydrogeological conceptual model built on the findings of a University of Minnesota-Duluth drilling and sampling program conducted in 2001. Because of the site's stratigraphic complexity, a geostatistical approach was taken to handle the uncertainty of the subsurface correlation. The U.S. Geological Survey's MODFLOW code was used to create the steady-state model, which includes input data from a variety of sources and is calibrated to water levels in monitoring wells across much of the site. This model was used for several applications. Wellhead protection zones were delineated for on-site production wells H, L, and N. The zones were determined on the basis of a probabilistic assessment of the groundwater captured by these wells; the assessment, in turn, had been based on multiple realizations of the study area's stratigraphy and groundwater flowfield. An additional application of the model was for estimating flowpaths and times of travel for groundwater at Camp Ripley's range areas and waste management facilities.

  11. Assessment of Biomass Energy Opportunities for the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

    SciTech Connect

    Scott Haase

    2005-09-30

    Assessment of biomass energy and biobased product manufacturing opportunities for the Red Lake Tribe.

  12. Architectural requirements for the Red Storm computing system.

    SciTech Connect

    Camp, William J.; Tomkins, James Lee

    2003-10-01

    This report is based on the Statement of Work (SOW) describing the various requirements for delivering 3 new supercomputer system to Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) as part of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI) program. This system is named Red Storm and will be a distributed memory, massively parallel processor (MPP) machine built primarily out of commodity parts. The requirements presented here distill extensive architectural and design experience accumulated over a decade and a half of research, development and production operation of similar machines at Sandia. Red Storm will have an unusually high bandwidth, low latency interconnect, specially designed hardware and software reliability features, a light weight kernel compute node operating system and the ability to rapidly switch major sections of the machine between classified and unclassified computing environments. Particular attention has been paid to architectural balance in the design of Red Storm, and it is therefore expected to achieve an atypically high fraction of its peak speed of 41 TeraOPS on real scientific computing applications. In addition, Red Storm is designed to be upgradeable to many times this initial peak capability while still retaining appropriate balance in key design dimensions. Installation of the Red Storm computer system at Sandia's New Mexico site is planned for 2004, and it is expected that the system will be operated for a minimum of five years following installation.

  13. Red phosphors for use in high CRI fluorescent lamps

    DOEpatents

    Srivastava, Alok; Comanzo, Holly; Manivannan, Vankatesan; Setlur, Anant Achyut

    2005-11-15

    Novel red emitting phosphors for use in fluorescent lamps resulting in superior color rendering index values compared to conventional red phosphors. Also disclosed is a fluorescent lamp including a phosphor layer comprising blends of one or more of a blue phosphor, a blue-green phosphor, a green phosphor and a red a phosphor selected from the group consisting of SrY.sub.2 O.sub.4 :Eu.sup.3+, (Y,Gd)Al.sub.3 B.sub.4 O.sub.12 :Eu.sup.3+, and [(Y.sub.1-x-y-m La.sub.y)Gd.sub.x ]BO.sub.3 :Eu.sub.m wherein y<0.50 and m=0.001-0.3. The phosphor layer can optionally include an additional deep red phosphor and a yellow emitting phosphor. The resulting lamp will exhibit a white light having a color rendering index of 90 or higher with a correlated color temperature of from 2500 to 10000 Kelvin. The use of the disclosed red phosphors in phosphor blends of lamps results in high CRI light sources with increased stability and acceptable lumen maintenance over the course of the lamp life.

  14. High efficiency 2 micrometer laser utilizing wing-pumped Tm{sup 3+} and a laser diode array end-pumping architecture

    DOEpatents

    Beach, R.J.

    1997-11-18

    Wing pumping a Tm{sup 3+} doped, end pumped solid state laser generates 2 {micro}m laser radiation at high average powers with high efficiency. Using laser diode arrays to end-pump the laser rod or slab in the wing of the Tm{sup 3+} absorption band near 785 nm results in 2-for-1 quantum efficiency in Tm{sup 3+} because high Tm{sup 3+} concentrations can be used. Wing pumping allows the thermal power generated in the rod or slab to be distributed over a large enough volume to make thermal management practical in the laser gain medium even at high average power operation. The approach is applicable to CW, Q-switched, and rep-pulsed free-laser operation. 7 figs.

  15. High efficiency 2 micrometer laser utilizing wing-pumped Tm.sup.3+ and a laser diode array end-pumping architecture

    DOEpatents

    Beach, Raymond J.

    1997-01-01

    Wing pumping a Tm.sup.3+ doped, end pumped solid state laser generates 2 .mu.m laser radiation at high average powers with high efficiency. Using laser diode arrays to end-pump the laser rod or slab in the wing of the Tm.sup.3+ absorption band near 785 nm results in 2-for-1 quantum efficiency in Tm.sup.3+ because high Tm.sup.3+ concentrations can be used. Wing pumping allows the thermal power generated in the rod or slab to be distributed over a large enough volume to make thermal management practical in the laser gain medium even at high average power operation. The approach is applicable to CW, Q-switched, and rep-pulsed free-laser operation.

  16. Method for determining properties of red blood cells

    DOEpatents

    Gourley, Paul L.

    2001-01-01

    A method for quantifying the concentration of hemoglobin in a cell, and indicia of anemia, comprises determining the wavelength of the longitudinal mode of a liquid in a laser microcavity; determining the wavelength of the fundamental transverse mode of a red blood cell in the liquid in the laser microcavity; and determining if the cell is anemic from the difference between the wavelength of the longitudinal mode and the fundamental transverse mode. In addition to measuring hemoglobin, the invention includes a method using intracavity laser spectroscopy to measure the change in spectra as a function of time for measuring the influx of water into a red blood cell and the cell's subsequent rupture.

  17. Los Alamos laser instrument arrives on Red Planet's surface

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Laser instrument arrives on Red Planet's surface Los Alamos laser instrument arrives on Red Planet's surface The ChemCam laser characterization instrument was developed at LANL and the French space institute, IRAP. August 6, 2012 Curiosity zaps Mars for vital signs: ChemCam, designed by Lab team, looks for elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, all of which are crucial for life. Curiosity zaps Mars for vital signs: ChemCam, designed by Lab team, looks for elements such as carbon,

  18. Building America Case Study: Project Overcoat: Airtightness Strategies and Impacts for 1-1/2 Story Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet), Technology Solutions for Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Project Overcoat: Airtightness Strategies and Impacts for 1½-Story Homes Minneapolis, Minnesota PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Project Overcoat: A Focus on Cost-Effective Options for Roof Applications Location: Minneapolis, MN Partners: Cocoon, cocoon-solutions.com NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership, environment.umn.edu/ forms/project_view.php?id=273 Building Components: Building envelope, roof/attic air seal, and insulation Application: Retrofit, single-family Year Tested: 2013

  19. Proposed amendment for Presidential Permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada Northern States Power Company. Final Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    Northern States Power Company, (NSP), a Minnesota investor owned utility has applied to the Office of Fossil Energy, United States Department of Energy, to amend Presidential Permit PP-63 to allow for alterations to the 500 kV transmission line and as sedated facilities currently regulated by this permit. The alterations proposed for the 500 kV line owned by NSP are part of a long term effort sponsored by NSP to upgrade the existing NSP transmission system to allow for increased exchange of electricity with the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board. Presidential Permit PP-63 authorized NSP to construct, connect, operate and maintain a 500 kV line at the United States/Canadian border approximately seven-and-a-half miles west of Warroad in Roseau County, Minnesota. This line connects with a 500 kV line owned and operated by the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board (MHEB), which extends from Dorsey, Manitoba, Canada to the United States/Canadian border. NSP proposes to increase the electricity transfer capability of this transmission facility by constructing a new 80-acre substation on the existing 500 kV line in Roseau County, Minnesota, and upgrading the existing substation at Forbes, Minnesota. The proposed Roseau substation would contain two 41.5 ohm series capacitor banks. In addition, static VAR compensators are to be installed at the existing Forbes Substation. Approximately 5 acres would be added to the 30-acre Forbes site to house the additional equipment. No new lines would enter or exit the facility. NSP proposes to place the new Roseau Substation in service in May 1993 and to complete the upgrading of the Forbes Substation in March 1994. The primary, initial purpose of these modifications is to enable NSP to import 400 megawatts of electric power from MHEB during the summer months to meet peak electrical demand in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. It is expected that this power transfer would begin in 1993.

  20. New red phosphor for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes with high color-purity

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Zhengliang; He, Pei; Wang, Rui; Zhao, Jishou; Gong, Menglian

    2010-02-15

    New red phosphors, Na{sub 5}Eu(MoO{sub 4}){sub 4} doped with boron oxide were prepared by the solid-state reaction. Their structure and photo-luminescent properties were investigated. With the introduction of boron oxide, the red emission intensity of the phosphors under 395 nm excitation is strengthened, with high color-purity (x = 0.673, y = 0.327). The single red light-emitting diode was obtained by combining InGaN chip with the red phosphor, bright red light can be observed by naked eyes from the red light-emitting diodes under a forward bias of 20 mA.

  1. Magnetic braking of stellar cores in red giants and supergiants

    SciTech Connect

    Maeder, André; Meynet, Georges E-mail: georges.meynet@unige.ch

    2014-10-01

    Magnetic configurations, stable on the long term, appear to exist in various evolutionary phases, from main-sequence stars to white dwarfs and neutron stars. The large-scale ordered nature of these fields, often approximately dipolar, and their scaling according to the flux conservation scenario favor a fossil field model. We make some first estimates of the magnetic coupling between the stellar cores and the outer layers in red giants and supergiants. Analytical expressions of the truncation radius of the field coupling are established for a convective envelope and for a rotating radiative zone with horizontal turbulence. The timescales of the internal exchanges of angular momentum are considered. Numerical estimates are made on the basis of recent model grids. The direct magnetic coupling of the core to the extended convective envelope of red giants and supergiants appears unlikely. However, we find that the intermediate radiative zone is fully coupled to the core during the He-burning and later phases. This coupling is able to produce a strong spin down of the core of red giants and supergiants, also leading to relatively slowly rotating stellar remnants such as white dwarfs and pulsars. Some angular momentum is also transferred to the outer convective envelope of red giants and supergiants during the He-burning phase and later.

  2. Ethiopian Red Sea petroleum geology and regional geophysical evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Assefa, A. Tadesse, K.; Worku, T.; Tsadik, E.G. )

    1991-08-01

    The World Bank-executed Red Sea/Gulf of Aden Regional Hydrocarbon Study Project was organized to synthesize data on the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden basins. The primary objectives were to encourage increased hydrocarbon exploration activity within the project area by applying recent exploration techniques basin wide, and to train national geoscientists in exploration techniques. The study of the Ethiopian Red Sea and Gulf of Aden was based on public-domain exploration data, published information, and data released by operating companies. These included reports, sections and wire lines logs from eight wells, samples from seven wells for biostratigraphic analysis, and samples from five wells for geochemical analysis. Interpretation was carried out on 6,600 line-km of seismic data selected from a grid of 29,710 line-km. Four horizons were identified on a regional basis, including the sea floor, top and near base of Middle to Upper Miocene evaporites, and approximate acoustic basement. A bathymetric map, three structure-contour maps, and three interval isopach maps were prepared using digitized picks from the interpreted seismic. The results show that the Ethiopian Red Sea is similar to the better known productive Gulf of Suez in some respects, including the overall tectonic evolution and the Miocene to Holocene stratigraphic sequence. Nevertheless, significant differences result from the location of the Ethiopian Red Sea in the transition zone to the Afar area. An important difference is the development of two major en echelon trends of rifting separated by a block with limited extension in the Danakil Alps. The resulting variations in sedimentary sequence, structural style, and geothermal gradient suggest that a favorable petroleum potential may be present locally in both pre-evaporite and post-evaporite objectives.

  3. The gasification of coal-peat and coal-wood chip mixtures in the University of Minnesota, two-stage coal gasifier: Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, R.P.

    1986-12-01

    The technical feasibility of gasifying coal-peat and coal-wood chip mixtures with the University of Minnesota, Duluth Campus commercially technology two-stage coal gasifier was demonstrated during a series of experimental tests. Three types of processed peat products were mixed with coal and gasified. The three peat products were: peat briquettes, peat pellets and sod peat. The best peat product for gasification and handling was found to be peat pellets with a diameter of 7/8 inch and a length of .75 to 2 inches. A mixture of 65% coal and 35% peat pellets was found to cause no loss in gasifier efficiency and no operational problems. However, there was found to be no economic advantage in using coal-peat mixtures. The very limited testing performed with coal-wood chip mixtures indicated that the wood chips would be difficult to handle with the coal handling-equipment and there would be no economic advantage in using wood chips. 3 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.

  4. Life cycle inventory analysis of regenerative thermal oxidation of air emissions from oriented strand board facilities in Minnesota - a perspective of global climate change

    SciTech Connect

    Nicholson, W.J.

    1997-12-31

    Life cycle inventory analysis has been applied to the prospective operation of regenerative thermal oxidation (RTO) technology at oriented strand board plants at Bemidji (Line 1) and Cook, Minnesota. The net system destruction of VOC`s and carbon monoxide, and at Cook a small quantity of particulate, has a very high environmental price in terms of energy and water use, global warming potential, sulfur and nitrogen oxide emissions, solids discharged to water, and solid waste deposited in landfills. The benefit of VOC destruction is identified as minor in terms of ground level ozone at best and possibly slightly detrimental. Recognition of environmental tradeoffs associated with proposed system changes is critical to sound decision-making. There are more conventional ways to address carbon monoxide emissions than combustion in RTO`s. In an environment in which global warming is a concern, fuel supplemental combustion for environmental control does not appear warranted. Consideration of non-combustion approaches to address air emission issues at the two operations is recommended. 1 ref., 5 tabs.

  5. Building America Case Study: Project Overcoat: Airtightness Strategies and Impacts for 1-1/2 Story Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    None, None

    2014-11-01

    In this second study on solutions to ice dams in 1-1/2 story homes, five test homes located in both cold and very cold climates were analyzed for air leakage reduction rates following modifications by independent contractors on owner-occupied homes. The reason for choosing this house type was they are very common in our area and very difficult to air seal and insulate effectively. Two projects followed a roof-only Exterior Thermal Moisture Management System (ETMMS) process. One project used an interior-only approach to roof air sealing and insulation. The remaining two projects used a deep energy retrofit approach for whole house (foundation wall, above grade wall, roof) air leakage and heat loss reduction. All were asked to provide information regarding project goals, process, and pre and post-blower door test results. Additional air leakage reduction data was provided by several NorthernSTAR Building America industry partners for interior-applied, roof-only modifications on 1-1/2 story homes. The data represents homes in the general market as well as homes that were part of the state of Minnesota weatherization program. A goal was to compare exterior air sealing methods with interior approaches. This pool of data enabled us to compare air tightness data from over 220 homes using similar air seal methods.

  6. RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. RedSeal's core technology is the ability to understand the access control of the network as a ...

  7. T-563: Red Hat Directory Server Bugs Let Local Users Gain Elevated...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    server and command line utilities for server administration. Addthis Related Articles T-671: Red Hat system-config-firewall Lets Local Users Gain Root Privileges V-041: Red Hat...

  8. DOE Tour of Zero: The Greenbank Red House (Leganza) by Clifton...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Greenbank Red House (Leganza) by Clifton View Homes DOE Tour of Zero: The Greenbank Red House (Leganza) by Clifton View Homes Addthis 1 of 6 This is a certified U.S. DOE Zero...

  9. AmeriFlux US-Wi4 Mature red pine (MRP) (Dataset) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Wi4 Mature red pine (MRP) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: AmeriFlux US-Wi4 Mature red pine (MRP) This is the AmeriFlux version of the carbon flux data for the site ...

  10. EVMS Training Snippet: 5.7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report EVMS Training Snippet: 5.7 PARSII Analysis: OAPM Red Yellow Report This EVMS Training Snippet, sponsored by the Office of Project ...

  11. T-712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    A local user can access the broker password. PLATFORM: Red Hat Enterprise MRG v2 for Red ... A local user can access the file to obtain the broker username and password. A local user ...

  12. U-156: Red Hat update for JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy 56: Red Hat update for JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform U-156: Red Hat update for JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform April 26, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Red Hat update for JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform PLATFORM: JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform 5.x ABSTRACT: Update for JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform Reference Links: Secunia Advisory SA48954 CVE-2011-4314 CVE-2012-0818 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Red Hat has issued an update for JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform. This

  13. RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Challenges. | Department of Energy RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. RedSeal's core technology is the ability to understand the access control of the network as a whole - not simply the behavior of a single device. RedSeal analyzes the interactions of firewalls,

  14. T-712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    update | Department of Energy 12: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement update T-712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement update September 8, 2011 - 10:30am Addthis PROBLEM: A flaw was discovered in Cumin where it would log broker authentication credentials to the Cumin log file. A vulnerability was reported in Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid. A local user can access the broker password. PLATFORM: Red Hat Enterprise MRG v2 for Red Hat

  15. T-712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    update | Department of Energy 12: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement update T-712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement update September 8, 2011 - 10:30am Addthis PROBLEM: A flaw was discovered in Cumin where it would log broker authentication credentials to the Cumin log file. A vulnerability was reported in Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid. A local user can access the broker password. PLATFORM: Red Hat Enterprise MRG v2 for Red Hat

  16. Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells

    DOEpatents

    Bitensky, M.W.

    1995-12-19

    A method is disclosed using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. Carbon monoxide is utilized for stabilizing hemoglobin in red blood cells to be stored at low temperature. Changes observed in the stored cells are similar to those found in normal red cell aging in the body, the extent thereof being directly related to the duration of refrigerated storage. Changes in cell buoyant density, vesiculation, and the tendency of stored cells to bind autologous IgG antibody directed against polymerized band 3 IgG, all of which are related to red blood cell senescence and increase with refrigerated storage time, have been substantially slowed when red blood cells are treated with CO. Removal of the carbon monoxide from the red blood cells is readily and efficiently accomplished by photolysis in the presence of oxygen so that the stored red blood cells may be safely transfused into a recipient. 5 figs.

  17. Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells

    DOEpatents

    Bitensky, Mark W.

    1995-01-01

    Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. Carbon monoxide is utilized for stabilizing hemoglobin in red blood cells to be stored at low temperature. Changes observed in the stored cells are similar to those found in normal red cell aging in the body, the extent thereof being directly related to the duration of refrigerated storage. Changes in cell buoyant density, vesiculation, and the tendency of stored cells to bind autologous IgG antibody directed against polymerized band 3 IgG, all of which are related to red blood cell senescence and increase with refrigerated storage time, have been substantially slowed when red blood cells are treated with CO. Removal of the carbon monoxide from the red blood cells is readily and efficiently accomplished by photolysis in the presence of oxygen so that the stored red blood cells may be safely transfused into a recipient.

  18. Response of C3 and C4 plants to middle-Holocene climatic variation near the prairie-forest ecotone of Minnesota, U.S.A.

    SciTech Connect

    Tian, J; Brown, T A; Hu, F S; Stefanova, I; Nelson, D M

    2003-12-24

    Paleorecords of the middle Holocene (MH) from the North American midcontinent can offer insights into ecological responses to pervasive drought that may accompany future climatic warming. We analyzed MH sediments from West Olaf Lake (WOL) and Steel Lake (SL) in Minnesota to examine the effects of warm/dry climatic conditions on prairie-woodland ecosystems. Mineral composition and carbonate {delta}{sup 18}O were used to determine climatic variations, whereas pollen assemblages, charcoal {delta}{sup 13}C, and charcoal accumulation rates were used to reconstruct vegetation composition, C{sub 3} and C{sub 4} plant abundance, and fire. The ratio of aragonite:calcite at WOL and {delta}{sup 18}O at SL suggest that pronounced droughts occurred during the MH but that drought severity decreased with time. From charcoal {delta}{sup 13}C data we estimated that the MH abundance of C{sub 4} plants averaged 50% at WOL and 43% at SL. At WOL C{sub 4} abundance was negatively correlated with aragonite:calcite, suggesting that severe moisture deficits suppressed C{sub 4} plants in favor of weedy C{sub 3} plants (e.g., Ambrosia). As climate ameliorated C{sub 4} abundance increased (from {approx}33 to 66%) at the expense of weedy species, enhancing fuel availability and fire occurrence. In contrast, farther east at SL climate was cooler and wetter than at WOL, and C{sub 4} abundance showed no correlation with {delta}{sup 18}O-inferred aridity. Woody C{sub 3} plants (e.g., Quercus) were more abundant, biomass flammability lower, and fires less important at SL than at WOL. Our results suggest that C{sub 4} plants are adapted to warm/dry climatic conditions, but not to extreme droughts, and that the fire regime is controlled by biomass-climate interactions.

  19. The University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) field test facility -- system description, aquifer characterization, and results of short-term test cycles

    SciTech Connect

    Walton, M.; Hoyer, M.C.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Holm, N.L.; Holm, T.R.; Kanivetsky, R.; Jirsa, M.A.; Lee, H.C.; Lauer, J.L.; Miller, R.T.; Norton, J.L.; Runke, H. )

    1991-06-01

    Phase 1 of the Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) Project at the University of Minnesota was to test the feasibility, and model, the ATES concept at temperatures above 100{degrees}C using a confined aquifer for the storage and recovery of hot water. Phase 1 included design, construction, and operation of a 5-MW thermal input/output field test facility (FTF) for four short-term ATES cycles (8 days each of heat injection, storage, and heat recover). Phase 1 was conducted from May 1980 to December 1983. This report describes the FTF, the Franconia-Ironton-Galesville (FIG) aquifer used for the test, and the four short-term ATES cycles. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic effects are all included. The FTF consists of monitoring wells and the source and storage well doublet completed in the FIG aquifer with heat exchangers and a fixed-bed precipitator between the wells of the doublet. The FIG aquifer is highly layered and a really anisotropic. The upper Franconia and Ironton-Galesville parts of the aquifer, those parts screened, have hydraulic conductivities of {approximately}0.6 and {approximately}1.0 m/d, respectively. Primary ions in the ambient ground water are calcium and magnesium bicarbonate. Ambient temperature FIG ground water is saturated with respect to calcium/magnesium bicarbonate. Heating the ground water caused most of the dissolved calcium to precipitate out as calcium carbonate in the heat exchanger and precipitator. Silica, calcium, and magnesium were significantly higher in recovered water than in injected water, suggesting dissolution of some constituents of the aquifer during the cycles. Further work on the ground water chemistry is required to understand water-rock interactions.

  20. Red Sea/Gulf of Aden source rock geochemical evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Ducreux, C.; Mathurin, G.; Latreille, M. )

    1991-08-01

    The potential of hydrogen generation in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden was studied by geochemical analyses of 2,271 samples from 23 wells drilled in 6 countries within the area. Selection of candidate source beds was primarily a function of the sedimentary column penetrated by drilling (i.e., whereas sub-Tertiary sediments are accessible in Somalia and Yemen in the Gulf of Aden, sampling below the thick Neogene evaporitic sequence in the Red Sea could not be achieved due to a general lack of penetration to such levels). Organic matter content and type, maturity levels, petroleum potential of the rock analyzed, and its capacity to have generated liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons are the basic results provided by the analyses. Geochemical well correlations within and between subbasins are presented using the two most representative parameters: total organic carbon (TOC) and Petroleum Potential (PP = S{sub 1} + S{sub 2}), expressed in kilograms of hydrocarbons per ton of rock. In general, results obtained in the two rift basins, with sampling mostly in Neogene sediments in the Red Sea and in sub-Tertiary and Tertiary sediments in the Gulf of Aden, indicate the presence of favorable sources preferentially in this sub-Tertiary succession. It is stressed that geochemical analysis results are from wells whose locations are generally on structural highs and, therefore, are not representative (especially in terms of maturation) of conditions in adjacent depressions, particularly where the difference in structural level is great. Sound simulation modeling makes possible the reconstruction regional thermal and burial history and, thus, identification of maturation kitchens.