National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for reaching post-gulf war

  1. LANL Reaches Waste Shipment Milestone: Waste from Cold War-era weapons production being shipped to WIPP

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, May 31, 2011 — Los Alamos National Laboratory has reached an important milestone in its campaign to ship transuranic (TRU) waste from Cold War-era nuclear operations to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico.

  2. War, peace, and international politics. Fourth edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziegler, D.W. )

    1987-01-01

    We must conclude that war remains a major problem in the last quarter of the twentieth century. My intention in this book is to introduce you to international relations by focusing on this problem. War is not the only problem of international relations, and so this book does not exhaust the field. But war is a central problem, and the possibility of resort to war affects other aspects of international relations. Whatever else we may look at, we cannot avoid looking at war. In fact, in looking at war, we will touch on most of the other subjects important in international relations. War is conflict among states carried on by their armed forces. To distinguish war from border skirmishes and other minor incidents we usually say it must reach a certain magnitude (for example, at least 1,000 soldiers killed in battle over a year). It would be ideal if we could systematically study all the wars in the last hundred years, but such an exhaustive study would be out of place here. At the same time we cannot discuss such subjects as the cause of war or proposals for preventing it without some knowledge about actual wars. We must test theories against historical facts. What follows in Part I is a somewhat detailed history of seven wars (or groups of wars) fought in the last hundred years. These include the most destructive of the wars World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), and the Korean War (1950-1953). By way of background to World War I, we will look at the wars of German unification (1864-1871), which preceded and in some ways prepared the way for it. To balance our account, we will also look at several recent wars India and Pakistan (1971), Uganda and Tanzania (1978-1979), and Cambodia, Vietnam, and China (1978-1980). After looking at some of the major wars of the last hundred years, we will look at what people have the about the causes of war in general.

  3. Water Wars

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2012-09-11

    Sandia National Laboratories and Intel Corporation are cooperating on a project aimed at developing serious games to assist in resource planners in conducting open and participatory projects. Water Wars serves as a prototype game focused on water issues. Water Wars is a multi-player, online role-playing "serious game" combining large-scale simulation (e.g. SimCity), with strategy and interpersonal interaction (e.g. Diplomacy). The game is about water use set in present-day New Mexico. Players enact various stakeholder rolesmore » and compete for water while simultaneously cooperating to prevent environmental collapse. The gamespace utilizes immersive 3D graphics to bring the problem alive. The game integrates Intel's OpenSim visualization engine with Sandia developed agent-based and system dynamics models.« less

  4. Nuclear War Against Cancer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear War Against Cancer 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:March 2016 past issues All Issues submit Nuclear War Against Cancer Los Alamos, in ...

  5. War Ends | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    War Ends War Ends Local newspapers declare "War Ends"

  6. Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    that pose the greatest risk to the environment - Tanks 18 and 19. These tank closures ... film is immobilized and poses little to no future risk to the environment or the public. ...

  7. World War II

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    loved ones, viewing photographs and documents with Truman Library historians and listening to WWII veteran Max DeWeese reminisce about his experience in the war.

  8. End of War | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    End of War End of War Crowd celebrates end of war

  9. Civil War Unplugged | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Civil War Unplugged Civil War Unplugged Featured In Jefferson Lab Spring Science Series Lecture NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Feb.12, 2008 - Discover how sounds affected the outcome of battles during the Civil War when the Department of Energy's Jefferson Lab presents a public lecture dubbed "The Civil War Unplugged" in late March. The Civil War Unplugged: The Impact of Battlefield Acoustics An often-overlooked component of a battlefield - sound - will be discussed by Dr. Chuck Ross, Longwood

  10. SNL Partnerships National Reach

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    JavaScript to run. Please enable JavaScript in your Browser's settings. Agreements: Partners: Partnerships National Reach Sandia Partnerships Partnering With Sandia Sandia Partnership Opportunity Brochure CRADA Overview Brochure Video Highlights Reliable video analysis helps security company grow Entrepreneur grows microswitch company Portable anthrax testing with lab-in-a-pocket Keeping medicines cool without electricity Cleaning contaminated water at Fukushima Kids with disabilities inspire a

  11. Microsoft Word - Agreement Reached

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact: Susan Scott Public Affairs (575) 234-7204 www.trusolutionsnm.com Washington TRU Solutions LLC Waste Isolation Pilot Plant P.O. Box 2078 Carlsbad, New Mexico 88221 For Immediate Release Agreement Reached Between WTS and Union Employees CARLSBAD, N.M., October 14, 2009 -Washington TRU Solutions (WTS) officials said today that company and United Steel Workers Union representatives have agreement on a new two-year contract. "Frankly, we're elated with the outcome. We have an important

  12. LANL reaches waste shipment milestone

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    LANL reaches waste shipment milestone LANL reaches waste shipment milestone The Lab surpassed 100,000 plutonium-equivalent curies of TRU waste shipped to WIPP, about one-third of the Lab's total. May 31, 2011 A shipment of transuranic waste on its way to the WIPP repository A shipment of transuranic waste on its way to the WIPP repository. Contact Fred deSousa Communications Office (505) 665-3430 Email LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, May 31, 2011 - Los Alamos National Laboratory has reached an important

  13. Environmental consequences of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toon, Owen B.; Robock, Alan; Turco, Richard P.

    2014-05-09

    A regional war involving 100 Hiroshima-sized weapons would pose a worldwide threat due to ozone destruction and climate change. A superpower confrontation with a few thousand weapons would be catastrophic.

  14. Prevention of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lifton, R.J.

    1980-10-01

    Physicians are exercising their responsibility as healers in their efforts to prevent nuclear war. Death for Hiroshima survivors was experienced in four stages: the immediate impact of destruction, the acute impact of radiation, delayed radiation effects, and later identification as an atomic bomb survivor. Each phase had its physical and psychological impacts and negates Hiroshima as a model for rational behavior despite those who claim survival is possible for those who are prepared. The psychic effects of modern nuclear, chemical, and germ warfare need to be challenged with a symbolization of life and immortality. Studies of psychological reactions to the terror children felt during practice air-raid drills indicate that the fears can be surpressed and re-emerge in adult life as a linking of death with collective annihilation. Other themes which emerge are feelings of impermanence, craziness, identification with the bomb, and a double existence. Psychic numbing and the religion of nuclearism cause dangerous conflicts with the anxieties caused by increasing awareness of death. (DCK)

  15. Psychological aspects of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, J.

    1985-01-01

    Exploring the nature of nuclear war, this treatise examines human reaction to nuclear disaster and accidental explosions. The discussion is based on evidence of human fallibility that has emerged from the psychology of accidents and from research into decision-making in military and political contexts. The book draws on the psychology of negotiation and conflict resolution to suggest ways in which the threat of nuclear war might be reduced.

  16. From the Cold War to the War on Cancer | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    From the Cold War to the War on Cancer | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

  17. Carbon War Room | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    War Room Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon War Room Place: Washington, DC Number of Employees: 1-10 Website: www.carbonwarroom.com Coordinates: 38.8951118, -77.0363658...

  18. World War II | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    at NNSA Blog Home World War II World War II Keeping the "Spirit of '45 Alive" in Kansas City National Security Campus employees commemorated the 70th anniversary of the end...

  19. Sandia National Laboratories: Cold War Warriors

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cold War Warriors By Sue Major Holmes Thursday, April 28, 2016 The story of Sandia's decades in nuclear field testing Sandia videographer and documentarian Myra Buteau has produced ...

  20. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  1. Cold War | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Cold War Paying tribute to our atomic veterans Glenn Podonsky, director of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Enterprise Assessment, pays tribute to the atomic veterans who worked at the Nevada National Security Site and other sites across the enterprise during the Cold War. He also introduced the video tribute below from Energy

  2. SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION 700A AREA Aiken County, South Carolina 6150 East ... as contributing resources to a Savannah River Site (SRS) Cold War Historic District. ...

  3. Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production Processes to Their Environmental Consequences Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons ...

  4. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup Milestone The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup Milestone September 28, 2011 ...

  5. War casualties on the home front

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda J. Flinn

    2005-11-01

    On May 12, 1942, at Christopher coal mine No. 3 in Osage, West Virginia, a continent away from the frontlines of World War II, Superintendent Ed O'Neil saw the mine ventilation fan suddenly run backwards, propelled by a strong gust of air that tore the belt off the huge blower. The second shift mantrip of 115 coal miners, traversing the drift mouth for the 3:00 p.m. shift, ground to an uneasy halt. The article recounts the tragic consequences of this incident. It also tells of other events affecting coal miners during World War I and World War II.

  6. National Ignition Facility Reaches Milestone Early | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Reaches Milestone Early | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

  7. PROGRAM REACHES DIVERSE NORTH CAROLINA COMMUNITY

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Greensboro, North Carolina, sought to reach a diverse community with energy efficiency improvements through the BetterBuildings for Greensboro Program. While all residential and...

  8. Our Role in the War on Cancer | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Our Role in the War on Cancer Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share ... Our Role in the War on Cancer Ernest Kovacs 2011.05.26 This year marks the 40th ...

  9. Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Demolition begins of cold War-Era buildings Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings More than 165,000 square feet of former research, production, and office buildings will ...

  10. World War II role of Oak Ridge National

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    War II role of Oak Ridge National Lab featured in second 70th anniversary lecture February ... about that laboratory's role during World War II and the shared national security mission ...

  11. In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon From Thawing Permafrost Wins

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon From Thawing Permafrost Wins In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon From Thawing Permafrost Wins Earth System Model Simulations Run at NERSC Show Lopsided ...

  12. Recovery Act funds advance cleanup efforts at Cold War site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cleanup efforts at Cold War site Recovery Act funds advance cleanup efforts at Cold War site A local small business, ARSEC Environmental, LLC, of White Rock, NM, won a 2 million ...

  13. The Energy of Star Wars: A Google+ Hangout

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Calling all Star Wars fans! Chat with our experts about energy in the Star Wars universe, from lightsabers to landspeeders, on a Google+ Hangout at 2 p.m. ET on Friday, June 12, 2015.

  14. Pumpdown assistance extends coiled tubing reach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tailby, R.J. )

    1992-07-01

    One of the most challenging coiled tubing applications to emerge in the last few years is horizontal well maintenance. When wireline cannot be used, techniques that offer some of the same flexibility, availability and relatively low cost must be used. During this same period, however, drilling technology has also made huge strides in horizontal and extended-reach areas. Wells are now being drilled with horizontal lengths in excess of 6,000 ft and measured depths of more than 22,000 ft. This paper reports that although horizontal wells are definitely here to stay, many operators have had to reevaluate their positions after being confronted with the problem of recompleting these wells to eliminate excessive water or gas production. A full workover with workstring using either a drilling rig or snubbing unit can be expensive and may lead to lost production because of limited rig availability. Coiled tubing has successfully been used in most cases thus far, but it has length and horizontal reach limitations that drilling technology will soon overtake. Within the constraints of current technology and tube capabilities, coiled tubing does not have the buckling resistance or reel capacity to service today's longest horizontal and extended reach wells or those planned and foreseen in the future. Even if coiled tubing can reach TD, operations requiring downward force are severely restricted.

  15. The effects of a nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alred, W.T. )

    1990-10-01

    Many factors influence the impact that a nuclear war would have on both the environment and survivors. These factors include, although are not limited to, the type of nuclear weapons used, the amount of these weapons, and the time of year a war would take place. The effects that a major nuclear war would have on the environment would vary greatly depending on the factors previously mentioned. Some effects that would occur are: major climatic changes, destruction of most food crops, contamination of current food and water supplies, and the deaths of animals and insects that are crucial to the balance of the environment. The factors that influence the survivors also vary; however, certain problems have been predicted by researchers. Among these problems are psychological disorders, lack of food supplies, the elimination of medical relief, and exposure from both radiation and the changing environment. All these effects, as well as others, tend to give researchers a much different view of the effects that a nuclear war would have on the environment and survivors than has been predicted since before the mid nineteen-eighties.

  16. Spallation Neutron Source reaches megawatt power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. William F. Brinkman

    2009-09-30

    The Department of Energy's Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), already the world's most powerful facility for pulsed neutron scattering science, is now the first pulsed spallation neutron source to break the one-megawatt barrier. "Advances in the materials sciences are fundamental to the development of clean and sustainable energy technologies. In reaching this milestone of operating power, the Spallation Neutron Source is providing scientists with an unmatched resource for unlocking the secrets of materials at the molecular level," said Dr. William F. Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science.

  17. Spallation Neutron Source reaches megawatt power

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr. William F. Brinkman

    2010-01-08

    The Department of Energy's Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), already the world's most powerful facility for pulsed neutron scattering science, is now the first pulsed spallation neutron source to break the one-megawatt barrier. "Advances in the materials sciences are fundamental to the development of clean and sustainable energy technologies. In reaching this milestone of operating power, the Spallation Neutron Source is providing scientists with an unmatched resource for unlocking the secrets of materials at the molecular level," said Dr. William F. Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science.

  18. The Cold War is over. What now?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecker, S.S.

    1995-05-01

    As you might imagine, the end of the Cold War has elicited an intense reexamination of the roles and missions of institutions such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the past few years, the entire defense establishment has undergone substantial consolidation, with a concomitant decrease in support for research and development, including in areas such as materials. The defense industry is down-sizing at a rapid pace. Even universities have experienced significant funding cutbacks from the defense community. I view this as a profound time in history, bringing changes encompassing much more than just the defense world. In fact, support for science and technology is being reexamined across the board more completely than at any other time since the end of World War II.

  19. The Cold War is Over. What Now?

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Hecker, S. S.

    1995-04-01

    As you might imagine, the end of the Cold War has elicited an intense reexamination of the roles and missions of institutions such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the past few years, the entire defense establishment has undergone substantial consolidation, with a concomitant decrease in support for research and development, including in areas such as materials. The defense industry is down-sizing at a rapid pace. Even universities have experienced significant funding cutbacks from the defense community. I view this as a profound time in history, bringing changes encompassing much more than just the defense world. In fact, support for science and technology is being reexamined across the board more completely than at any other time since the end of World War II.

  20. Psychology and the prevention of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, R.K.

    1986-01-01

    This book is about our ways of thinking and about how they need to be and can be changed. It is not about the ''unparalleled catastrophe.'' By now many of us know much about that, and unless we an see clear, acceptable, and practical ways to prevent it, our minds recoil from the whole horrible subject. Therefore, the book is about the prevention of nuclear war and nothing else. At least, that is its purpose. Yet its method is primarily descriptive and analytical rather than action-oriented. It explores from different perspectives the possible causes of a world war that could be at the outset, or become, nuclear, with a special focus on the often-neglected psychological aspects of those causes. It is diagnosis more than prescription. In fact, it might be described as a many-sided effort to understand the nature and roots of the ''madness'' of our present drift toward a great war that each side is urgently-desperately-anxious to avoid. In so doing it draws on some of the insights of psychiatry (from the psychiatrists Robert Jay Lifton, John E. Mack, Jerome D. Frank, and Erich Fromm), as well as on the three disciplines that provide the chief foundation for the book: history, political science, and social psychology.

  1. Reach and get capability in a computing environment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bouchard, Ann M.; Osbourn, Gordon C.

    2012-06-05

    A reach and get technique includes invoking a reach command from a reach location within a computing environment. A user can then navigate to an object within the computing environment and invoke a get command on the object. In response to invoking the get command, the computing environment is automatically navigated back to the reach location and the object copied into the reach location.

  2. Creative problem solving at Rocky Reach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickford, B.M.; Garrison, D.H.

    1997-04-01

    Tainter gate inspection and thrust bearing cooling system problems at the 1287-MW Rocky Reach hydroelectric project on the Columbia River in Washington are described. Gate inspection was initiated in response to a failure of similar gates at Folsom Dam. The approach involved measuring the actual forces on the gates and comparing them to original model study parameters, rather than the traditional method of building a hydraulic model. Measurement and visual inspection was completed in one day and had no effect on migration flows. Two problems with the thrust bearing cooling system are described. First, whenever a generating unit was taken off line, cooling water continued circulating and lowered oil temperatures. The second problem involved silt buildup in flow measuring device tubes on the cooling water system. Modifications to correct cooling system problems and associated costs are outlined.

  3. Reaching 100% Renewable Energy, City of Aspen (Fact Sheet), NREL...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    REACHING 100% RENEWABLE ENERGY City of Aspen and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory develop and implement a strategy to cost-effectively reach a ground- breaking goal In...

  4. Reaching Underground Sources (from MIT Energy Initiative's Energy...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reaching Underground Sources (from MIT Energy Initiative's Energy Futures, Spring 2012) American Fusion News Category: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Link: Reaching ...

  5. Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    70th anniversary lecture Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of next 70th anniversary lecture Lab's role in the development of nuclear weapons ...

  6. The Energy of Star Wars: A Google+ Hangout

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On June 12, 2015, the Department of Energy hosted a live Google+ Hangout focusing on energy in the Star Wars movies.

  7. Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly a century and a half after the first shots of the Civil War, Fort Sumter National Monument is poised to become a national model for clean energy.

  8. LPG dealers, manufacturers report diverse effects of recession and war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prowler, S.

    1991-01-01

    The author presents a survey of LPG marketers. The effects of the Persian Gulf War and U.S. recession on the LPG industry are discussed.

  9. World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    How Dr. Alex Green's experiences over the Pacific during World War II have shaped his path as a leading biofuels researcher.

  10. Manhattan Project: The Cold War, 1945-1990

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... That same year, Chinese communists defeated their nationalist opponents in the Chinese Civil War. By the time communist North Korea attacked American-backed South Korea in June ...

  11. Y-12, the Cold War, and nuclear weapons dismantlement „ Or:...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    the Cold War, and nuclear weapons dismantlement - Or: The Cold War and nuclear weapons dismantlement (title used in The Oak Ridger) The Cold War heated up over the years with such ...

  12. War curbs oil exports by Iran and Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-29

    A discussion of the effects of the war between Iran and Iraq on oil exports from the area covers damage (extent unknown) to the Abadan, Iran, and Basra, Iraq, oil refineries, to the Iraqi petrochemical complex under construction at Basra, to oil export terminals at Kharg Island and Mina-al-Bakr, and to other oil facilities; war-caused reductions in oil production, refining, shipping, and export, estimated at 2.05-3.35 million bbl/day; the possible effects of the war on OPEC's decisions concerning oil production and pricing; the significance of the Strait of Hormuz for the export of oil by several countries in addition to the belligerents; the U.S. and non-Communist oil stocks which might enable the world to avoid an oil shortage if the war is ended in the near future; and the long-term effects of the war on Iran's and Iraq's oil industries.

  13. The Gulf War and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

    1994-01-01

    The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

  14. West Valley Demonstration Project Contractor Reaches 2 Million...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Demonstration Project Contractor Reaches 2 Million Safe Work Hours West Valley Demonstration Project Contractor Reaches 2 Million Safe Work Hours May 31, 2016 - 12:20pm Addthis A ...

  15. In-Reach/Outreach Activities | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    In-Reach/Outreach ... In-Reach/Outreach Activities For in-reach activities, the SPO holds meetings and conducts numerous presentations each year for Y-12's operations, divisions, and management team to provide training and guidance for buyers concerning socioeconomic program policy, procedures, goals, and federal regulations that govern the program. Other in-reach activities may also include posting the capabilities and accomplishments of small businesses in Y-12's newsletter, The Y-12 Times.

  16. The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gosling, F.G.

    1990-08-01

    The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War'' is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details of the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

  17. Deterrence, disarmament, and post-cold war stability: Enhancing security for both ``haves`` and ``have nots``

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, R. F. II

    1995-04-01

    This paper examines possible developments in nuclear disarmament resulting from the end of the Cold War.

  18. SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    PLANTS Aiken County, South Carolina SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION CMX AND TNX CMX AND TNX SA SA V V ANNAH RIVER'S ANNAH RIVER'S PILOT PLANTS ...

  19. The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison played key roles in the War of the Currents. Learn more about AC and DC power -- and how they affect our electricity use today.

  20. Manhattan Project: The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    One of these briefings, provided by Secretary of War Henry Stimson on April 25, concerned S-1 (the Manhattan Project). Stimson, with Leslie Groves present during part of the ...

  1. US foreign policy and the CIA: A cold war retrospective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The document consists of three previously announced reports: The CIA under Truman: CIA Cold War Records (PB94-928005); The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 (PB92-927906); and Selected Estimates on the Soviet Union (PB93-928112).

  2. ADR Lunchtime Program: TAKING THE WAR OUT OF WORDS: LEARNING...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    TAKING THE WAR OUT OF WORDS: LEARNING TO COMMUNICATE WITH NON-DEFENSIVE LANGUAGE ADR ... Using an interactive process, you will learn a new paradigm for communicating that can ...

  3. The War on Terrorism and What We Can Learn from our War with Fire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WHITLEY, JOHN B.; YONAS, GEROLD

    2002-07-01

    The highly leveraged, asymmetric attacks of September 11th have launched the nation on a vast ''War on Terrorism''. Now that our vulnerabilities and the enemies' objectives and determination have been demonstrated, we find ourselves rapidly immersed in a huge, complex problem that is virtually devoid of true understanding while being swamped with resources and proposed technologies for solutions. How do we win this war? How do we make sure that we are making the proper investments? What things or freedoms or rights do we have to give up to win? Where do we even start? In analyzing this problem, many similarities to mankind's battle with uncontrolled fire and the threat it presented to society were noted. Major fires throughout history have destroyed whole cities and caused massive loss of life and property. Solutions were devised that have gradually, over several hundred years, reduced this threat to a level that allows us to co-exist with the threat of fire by applying constant vigilance and investments in fire protection, but without living in constant fear and dread from fire. We have created a multi-pronged approach to fire protection that involves both government and individuals in the prevention, mitigation, and response to fires. Fire protection has become a virtually unnoticed constant in our daily lives; we will have to do the same for terrorism. This paper discusses the history of fire protection and draws analogies to our War on Terrorism. We have, as a society, tackled and successfully conquered a problem as big as terrorism. From this battle, we can learn and take comfort.

  4. Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Processes to Their Environmental Consequences | Department of Energy Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production Processes to Their Environmental Consequences Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production Processes to Their Environmental Consequences This report described each step in the cycle of nuclear weapons production and defined for the first time a planned disposition path for all waste streams generated prior to 1992 as a result of

  5. Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Demolition begins of cold War-Era buildings Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings More than 165,000 square feet of former research, production, and office buildings will be demolished. December 1, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National

  6. Capping blowouts from Iran's eight-year war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sayers, B. )

    1991-05-01

    This paper reports on capping blowouts from Iran's eight year war. Fires in three Iranian wells (two oil, one gas), started during 1987 by Iraqi sabotage, finally were extinguished during the last several months of 1990. Burning during the final months of the countries' eight-year war, plus another subsequent peaceful two years, the fires consumed millions of barrels of oil and billions of cubic feet of gas before they were capped. Ironically, bringing the wells under control took relatively little time.

  7. NNSA Reaches LEU Disposal Milestone | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administration | (NNSA) Reaches LEU Disposal Milestone NNSA Reaches LEU Disposal Milestone Aiken, SC The National Nuclear Security Administration's reached an important milestone in its efforts to dispose of surplus weapons-usable material as the 100th shipment of low enriched uranium (LEU) departed the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina for Nuclear Fuels Services in Erwin, Tennessee, four months ahead of schedule. The shipment is part of the Off-Specification HEU Blend Down

  8. Renewable Acid-hydrolysis Condensation Hydrotreating (REACH) Pilot Plant

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Project Peer Review Renewable Acid-hydrolysis Condensation Hydrotreating (REACH) Pilot Plant March 23, 2015 Technology Area Review Karl Seck Mercurius Biofuels This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Goal Statement * Design, build, and operate a pilot plant to scale-up the Mercurius REACH TM process. * REACH TM - a novel technology that efficiently converts cellulosic biomass into drop-in hydrocarbon jet fuel and diesel. * Provides an

  9. Fuel Cell Technologies Office Reaches Major Patent Milestone | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Office Reaches Major Patent Milestone Fuel Cell Technologies Office Reaches Major Patent Milestone January 9, 2015 - 10:01am Addthis Fuel Cell Technologies Office Reaches Major Patent Milestone Sunita Satyapal Director, Fuel Cell Technologies Office Fuel cells are an emerging technology that can provide heat and electricity to buildings and power for vehicles while emitting nothing but water. To bring more high-impact fuel cell innovations to the marketplace,

  10. Geothermal Data Repository Reaches 500 Submissions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Data Repository Reaches 500 Submissions Geothermal Data Repository Reaches 500 Submissions August 25, 2015 - 2:41pm Addthis Geothermal Data Repository Reaches 500 Submissions Arlene Anderson Technology Development Manager, Geothermal Technologies Program A map of the United States highlighting the locations of GDR users. Critical data about the subsurface is added to the GDR from sites all across the country. Credit: Jon Weers, NREL. July 15 marked an important milestone for the Energy

  11. Construction on Pantex High Explosives Pressing Facility Reaches...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Construction on Pantex High Explosives Pressing Facility Reaches 85% Mark January 03, 2014 ... passed the 85 percent construction completion mark and is on schedule and under budget. ...

  12. Department of Energy's Paducah Site Reaches Million-Hour Safety...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    environmental risk. The LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky Team, the Department's prime cleanup contractor, in October reached a milestone of 1 million hours without a lost...

  13. Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    from reaching the groundwater and the Columbia River. ERDF receives contaminated soil, demolition debris, and solid waste from cleanup operations across the...

  14. New Stream-Reach Hydropower Development Fact Sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Funded by the Department of Energy and executed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the New Stream-reach Development (NSD) project implemented an advanced geo-spatial approach to analyze the potential for new hydropower development in U.S. stream-reaches that do not currently have hydroelectric facilities or other forms of infrastructure.

  15. Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Risk of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading May 6, 2015 - 11:29am Addthis ...

  16. New Stream-Reach Hydropower Development (NSD) Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-04-25

    This fact sheet explores the more than 65 gigawatts (GW) of sustainable hydropower potential in U.S. stream-reaches, according to the hydropower resource assessment funded by DOE and executed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  17. New Stream-reach Development (NSD) Fact Sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This fact sheet explores the more than 65 gigawatts (GW) of sustainable hydropower potential in U.S. stream-reaches, according to the hydropower resource assessment funded by DOE and executed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  18. Wind Turbine Inspection Technology Reaches New Heights | GE Global...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Turbine Inspection Technology Reaches New Heights Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new ...

  19. STEM Mentors Reach Nearly 300 Western Kentucky Sixth Graders

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    PADUCAH, Ky. – EM is reaching out to public middle schools in the City of Paducah and McCracken and Ballard counties to encourage local students to study science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM).

  20. Department of Energy reaches an agreement in principle on the...

    Energy Savers

    The SSFL, owned by the Boeing Company is located 30 miles north of Los Angeles, California... DOE and NASA Reach Cleanup Agreements with the State of California for the Santa Susana ...

  1. Biomass Power Generation Market Capacity is Estimated to Reach...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biomass Power Generation Market Capacity is Estimated to Reach 122,331.6 MW by 2022 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150)...

  2. Floating Production Systems Market Is Expected To Reach USD 38...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Production Systems Market Is Expected To Reach USD 38,752.7 Million Globally By 2019 Home > Groups > Future of Condition Monitoring for Wind Turbines Wayne31jan's picture...

  3. Michigan Saves Reaches $50 Million Investment Milestone | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Michigan Saves Reaches 50 Million Investment Milestone Photo of a group of people holding ... and business owners-who are making the choice to improve the health, safety, efficiency ...

  4. Former Worker Program Reaches 100,000 Screening Milestone | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Exams are offered at clinics in communities near DOE sites, as well as through a large ... Addthis Related Articles Former Worker Program Reaches 100,000 Screening Milestone 2014 ...

  5. DOE Moab Project Reaches Halfway Mark in Mill Tailings Removal...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has reached 8 million tons of uranium mill tailings removed from the Moab site in Utah under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project. ...

  6. EERE Success Story-Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading EERE Success Story-Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading May 12, 2015 - ...

  7. Recovery Act funds advance cleanup efforts at Cold War site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cleanup efforts at Cold War site Recovery Act funds advance cleanup efforts at Cold War site A local small business, ARSEC Environmental, LLC, of White Rock, NM, won a $2 million task order in April to perform this work. June 29, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

  8. Current Status of the WArP Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szelc, A. M.

    2009-04-17

    The WArP Collaboration is getting ready to run the WArP 100 liter detector in the Underground laboratory in Gran Sasso, Italy. The new detector, scheduled to run in 2008, should improve the current sensitivity limits by a factor of 10. Meanwhile, an active R and D program is being conducted. The highlights of this program, namely the runs with Argon depleted in the radioactive isotope {sup 39}Ar currently in preparation and the measurements of the effects of contamination with Nitrogen and Oxygen on the Liquid Argon effective light yield will be presented as well as the current status of the 100 liter detector.

  9. Michigan Saves Reaches $50 Million Investment Milestone | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Michigan Saves Reaches $50 Million Investment Milestone Michigan Saves Reaches $50 Million Investment Milestone Photo of a group of people holding a cake and looking toward the camera. Michigan families and businesses are making smart investments in energy efficiency, from the western tip of the Upper Peninsula to the state's eastern coast of Lake Erie. In June, Michigan Saves celebrated a significant milestone: $50 million in energy investments. The home energy upgrade program, which

  10. Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan Extends the Reach of the West Virginia

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    University Industrial Assessment Center | Department of Energy Technical Assistance » Industrial Assessment Centers (IACs) » Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan Extends the Reach of the West Virginia University Industrial Assessment Center Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan Extends the Reach of the West Virginia University Industrial Assessment Center Discussing energy audit results — Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan (left) and Dr. Ed Crowe (right, Engineering Scientist at West Virginia University)

  11. Better Buildings Challenge Partners Reach New Levels of Energy Savings |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Buildings Challenge Partners Reach New Levels of Energy Savings Better Buildings Challenge Partners Reach New Levels of Energy Savings May 28, 2015 - 5:53pm Addthis On-site renewable energy generation from these wind turbines, assessing energy efficiency in all new equipment before purchase, and high efficiency lighting and thermal energy efficiency improvements are all examples how our Better Buildings Challenge (BBC) partner HARBEC in upstate New York has already

  12. DOE Reaches Settlements with Three Commercial Refrigeration Equipment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Manufacturers | Department of Energy Reaches Settlements with Three Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturers DOE Reaches Settlements with Three Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturers March 1, 2016 - 6:20pm Addthis DOE settled enforcement actions against Utility Refrigerator, True Manufacturing, and Victory Refrigeration for distributing commercial refrigeration equipment in the United States that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. As a part of the

  13. America's Wind Industry Reaches Record Highs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Industry Reaches Record Highs America's Wind Industry Reaches Record Highs August 6, 2013 - 8:01am Addthis Our latest Infographic highlights key findings from the 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report. | Infographic by <a href="/node/379579">Sarah Gerrity</a>. Our latest Infographic highlights key findings from the 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. Dr. Ernest Moniz Dr. Ernest Moniz Secretary of Energy LEARN MORE Watch our new video

  14. DOE Reaches $1.9M Settlement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Reaches $1.9M Settlement DOE Reaches $1.9M Settlement September 30, 2013 - 3:19pm Addthis The General Counsel's enforcement office settled an enforcement action against Ningbo Hicon International Industry Company, Ltd. for $1,927,097. Ningbo Hicon is a Chinese company that manufactures consumer refrigeration products for a variety of private labelers. Ningbo Hicon agreed to the settlement after manufacturing and distributing chest freezers that consumed about 30% more energy than permitted under

  15. Supercomputers Help a Catalyst Reach its Full Potential

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Supercomputers Help a Catalyst Reach its Full Potential Supercomputers Help a Catalyst Reach its Full Potential Placing Protons Prevents Wasteful Profligate Reactions April 23, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov +1 510 495 2402 protondeliverystory.jpg While one configuration (endo/endo) of a popular nickel catalyst can produce thousands of hydrogen molecules a second, the other forms that place the proton farther from the center are slower and less efficient. Chemical reactions facilitated by

  16. Cold War Films Yield New Effects-Data for U.S. Nuclear Weapons

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cold War Films Yield New Effects National Security Science Latest Issue:April 2016 past issues All Issues submit Cold War Films Yield New Effects-Data for U.S. Nuclear Weapons ...

  17. Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer Los Alamos Physicist Eva Birnbaum shows how the laboratory ...

  18. The effect of fluid flow on coiled tubing reach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhalla, K.; Walton, I.C.

    1996-12-31

    A critical parameter to the success of many coiled tubing (CT) operations in highly deviated or horizontal wells is the depth penetration that can be attained before the CT buckles and locks up. Achieving a desired depth is always critical in CT operations and attaining an additional reach of a few hundred feet can be crucial. This paper addresses the effect of fluid flow in the CT and in the CT/wellbore annulus on the state of force and stress in the CT, and thereby predicts its effect on the reach attainable by the CT. The flow of fluid through the CT and annulus between the CT and borehole modifies the pressures and the effective force which governs the mechanical stability of the CT. The net force per unit length due to fluid flow in the coiled tubing and annulus between the coiled tubing casing/well is calculated in terms of the shear stress and its effect on the onset of buckling and lockup is determined. The model is then implemented in a full tubing forces calculation and the effect of flowing fluids and producing fluids on reach is analyzed. The new model is utilized in the design of commercial jobs. The exact analytic model shows that fluid flow inside the CT has zero impact on reach, that downward flow in the annulus has a favourable impact, and upward flow in the annulus reduces the maximum attainable reach. Using the full tubing forces model, a coiled tubing job can be designed taking into account the flow of a fluid with a specified rheology, density and flow rate. Thus the feasibility of attaining a given reach can be more accurately determined. Results are presented in the form of the surface weight for commercial wells and compared to field jobs.

  19. WIPP Reaches Milestone „ First Disposal Room Filled

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    WIPP Reaches Milestone - First Disposal Room Filled CARLSBAD, N.M., September 4, 2001 - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office today announced that Room 7 of Panel 1 at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the first underground room used for disposal operations, has been filled to capacity with transuranic waste. The milestone was reached at about 3:30 p.m. on August 24, as Waste Handling personnel emplaced a shipment of waste from the Idaho National Engineering and

  20. Hewlett and Holl - Atoms for Peace and War | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Holl - Atoms for Peace and War Hewlett and Holl - Atoms for Peace and War Richard G. Hewlett and Jack M. Holl. Atoms for Peace and War: The Eisenhower Administration and the Atomic Energy Commission. A History of the Atomic Energy Commission, Volume III. Text in each PDF is fully searchable. HewlettandHollAtomsforPeaceandWarComplete.pdf (9.01 MB) HewlettandHollAtomsforPeaceandWarPicturesOnly.pdf (6.66 MB) More Documents & Publications A History of the Atomic Energy Commission Hewlett and

  1. Cold War Context Statement: Sandia National Laboratories, California Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ULLRICH, REBECCA A.

    2003-01-01

    This document was prepared to support the Department of Energy's compliance with Sections 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act. It provides an overview of the historic context in which Sandia National Laboratories/California was created and developed. Establishing such a context allows for a reasonable and reasoned historical assessment of Sandia National Laboratories/California properties. The Cold War arms race provides the primary historical context for the SNL/CA built environment.

  2. War without men. Robots on the future battlefield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaker, S.M.; Wise, A.R.

    1987-01-01

    The first book on unmanned military vehicles, the weapons of the next war: remotely piloted airborne vehicles, unmanned naval vessels and submersibles, unmanned spacecraft, and robotic ground vehicles. Contents (partial): Foreword; Introduction to the robot warrior; The evolution of military robotic systems; Current operational use and development of unmanned robotic ground vehicles; Current operational use and development of RPVs; Current operational use and development of unmanned naval vessels; Space-based robotics; Impact, applications, and the future of military robots; Index.

  3. NREL Helps Federal Agencies Reach New Efficiency Targets - News Feature |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Helps Federal Agencies Reach New Efficiency Targets August 19, 2015 Three people stand in front of solar panels on top of the NREL parking garage. NREL researchers, from left, Andy Walker, a principal engineer in the Integrated Applications Center's Engineering and Modeling Group; Kate Anderson, manager of the Engineering and Modeling Group; and Marguerite Kelly, manager of the Market Partnerships and Tools Group, are working to help federal agencies become more energy efficient as part

  4. Construction on Pantex High Explosives Pressing Facility Reaches 85% Mark |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Construction on Pantex High Explosives Pressing Facility Reaches 85% Mark January 03, 2014 Work on the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) High Explosives Pressing Facility at its Pantex Plant, located near Amarillo, Texas, this month passed the 85 percent construction completion mark and is on schedule and under budget. File 2014-01-03 NPO HEPF.docx NPO Press Releases September 2016 (1) August 2016 (1) May 2016 (1) February

  5. DOE Idaho site reaches 20-year cleanup milestone

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    IDAHO FALLS, IDAHO, 83403 Media Contact: Brad Bugger (208) 526-0833 For Immediate Release: January 19, 2012 DOE Idaho site reaches 20-year cleanup milestone IDAHO FALLS, ID- In two decades of Superfund cleanup work, the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho site has removed hundreds of thousands of cubic yards of radioactive and hazardously contaminated soils, excavated radioactive waste buried since the 1950s, removed three nuclear reactors and hundreds of buildings, completely closed three major

  6. High-Temperature Falling Particle Receiver Reaches New Limits

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Falling Particle Receiver Reaches New Limits - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Energy Defense Waste Management

  7. DOE Reaches Settlement with Freezer Manufacturer | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Settlement with Freezer Manufacturer DOE Reaches Settlement with Freezer Manufacturer May 29, 2015 - 9:20am Addthis The General Counsel's enforcement office settled an enforcement action against Perlick Corporation for $168,200. Perlick agreed to the settlement after manufacturing and distributing 841 units of freezer model HP24F. DOE found that the model consumed over 20% more energy than permitted under the applicable energy conservation standard. Documents related to the distribution of

  8. Psychological responses to the threat of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClenney, J.E.

    1987-01-01

    A series of three studies explored psychological responses to the threat of nuclear war, and the relationship between attitudes and behavior on this issue. The first was a quasi-experimental study of the influence of exposure to a media depiction of nuclear war, The Day After, on attitudes and behavior, and the influence of such attitudinal variables as denial, perception of control, perception of responsibility, survivability, and spiritual orientation, on the decision to view this film. No effects were found for exposure, but those who experienced a greater sense of control over political events were more likely to view the film. The second study was an experiment on the effects of efficacy enhancing, fear arousing or informational communications, in combination with the previously mentioned attitudinal variables, on retention of relevant information, intentions to act, and political activism on the nuclear arms issue. Fear arousal was found to increase activism for women, but to decrease activism for men. The third study employed structural modeling to examine the relationship between attitudes and behavior on the issue of nuclear war, using data from the experiment. The model supported in this study showed that intentions were directly affected by denial and a sense of power over political events.

  9. Defining a controller architecture for the Long-Reach Manipulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, W.E.

    1994-06-01

    To draft a procurement specification for the Long-Reach Manipulator (LRM), the benefits and limitations of the various robotic control system architectures available need to be determined. This report identifies and describes the advantages and potential disadvantages of using an open control system versus a closed (or proprietary) system, focusing on integration of interfaces for sensors, end effectors, tooling, and operator interfaces. In addition, the various controls methodologies of several recent systems are described. Finally, the reasons behind the recommendation to procure an open control system are discussed.

  10. Molecular Engineering of Conjugated Polymers to Reach Higher Efficiency

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    "Plastic" Solar Cells | MIT-Harvard Center for Excitonics Engineering of Conjugated Polymers to Reach Higher Efficiency "Plastic" Solar Cells November 12, 2010 at 3pm/36-428 Wei You University of North Carolina you.wei_001 abstract: The bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaic cells of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (RR-P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) represent one of the most successful systems with reproducible efficiencies

  11. Reaching the hip-hop generation: Final (symposium proceedings) report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The goal of this final (closing) report is to capture the flavor of the symposium held March 1 and 2, 1993 in New York City convened by Motivational Educational Entertainment, Inc. (MEE), a black-owned communications research, consulting, and video production company based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The mission of MEE is to understand, reach, and positively affect inner-city youth. Traditional communication approaches from mainstream sources to at-risk youth often don`t account for the unique way youth communicate among themselves and how they relate to the media. This understanding, however, is crucial. To understand youth communication, the people who create and send both entertaining and educational messages to urban youth must be brought into the dialogue. The meeting in New York was intended to provide an important opportunity for senders to meet and evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of their messages. In addition, the MEE symposium provided a forum for the continuing public debate about what needs to be done to reach today`s urban teens. Included in this document is a description of symposium goals/objectives, symposium activities, the reaction to and analysis of the symposium, recommendations for future MEE courses of action, and an appendix containing copies of press articles.

  12. ADR Lunchtime Program: TAKING THE WAR OUT OF WORDS: LEARNING TO COMMUNICATE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    WITH NON-DEFENSIVE LANGUAGE | Department of Energy TAKING THE WAR OUT OF WORDS: LEARNING TO COMMUNICATE WITH NON-DEFENSIVE LANGUAGE ADR Lunchtime Program: TAKING THE WAR OUT OF WORDS: LEARNING TO COMMUNICATE WITH NON-DEFENSIVE LANGUAGE Even when using best practices in ADR, clients and other professionals habitually employ reactive and defensive behaviors. Participants will learn significant ways that current ADR prototypes are still systemically rooted in a "war model" for

  13. Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer Los Alamos Physicist Eva Birnbaum shows how the laboratory is manufacturing a radioactive treatment that targets tumors, without killing the surrounding healthy tissue. December 20, 2015 Los Alamos physicist Eva Birnbaum Los Alamos physicist Eva Birnbaum Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer NBC News got exclusive access to Los Alamos National Laboratory

  14. U. S. Department of Energy Savannah River Operations Office - SRS Cold War

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Historic Preservation SRS Cold War Historic Preservation SRS Cold War Historic Preservation Background on SRS Cold War Historic Preservation Background: The National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966, as amended through 2000, requires that all Federal agencies consider the impacts to historic properties in all their undertakings, such as accelerated clean up. DOE-SR has been consulting with the South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) on NHPA. SHPO is the implementing

  15. Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers recently cleaned up a second basin containing coal ash residues from Cold War operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

  16. OSTIblog Articles in the World War II Topic | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    amount of neutron reduction needed for a safe and controlled sustained nuclear reaction. ... Manhattan Project, nuclear chain reaction, plutonium, uranium, World War II Read more... ...

  17. DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment | Department of Energy ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment October 3, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE:

  18. Reach the Bottom Line of the Sbottom Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvarez, Ezequiel; Bai, Yang

    2012-05-22

    We propose a new search strategy for directly-produced sbottoms at the LHC with a small mass splitting between the sbottom and its decayed stable neutralino. Our search strategy is based on boosting sbottoms through an energetic initial state radiation jet. In the final state, we require a large missing transverse energy and one or two b-jets besides the initial state radiation jet. We also define a few kinematic variables to further increase the discovery reach. For the case that the sbottom mainly decays into the bottom quark and the stable neutralino, we have found that even for a mass splitting as small as 10 GeV sbottoms with masses up to around 400 GeV can be excluded at the 95% confidence level with 20 inverse femtobarn data at the 8 TeV LHC.

  19. Reaching Site Closure for Groundwater under Multiple Regulatory Agencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glucksberg, N.; Shephard, Gene; Peters, Jay; Couture, B.

    2008-01-15

    Groundwater at the Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company (CYAPCO) Haddam Neck Plant (HNP) requires investigation of both radionuclides and chemical constituents in order to achieve closure. Cleanup criteria for groundwater are regulated both by federal and state agencies. These requirements vary in both numerical values as well as the duration of post remediation monitoring. The only consistent requirement is the development of a site conceptual model and an understanding of the hydrogeologic conditions that will govern contaminant transport and identify potential receptors. To successfully reach closure under each agency, it is paramount to understand the different requirements during the planning stages of the investigation. Therefore, the conceptual site model, groundwater transport mechanisms, and potential receptors must be defined. Once the hydrogeology is understood, a long term groundwater program can then be coordinated to meet each regulatory agency requirement to both terminate the NRC license and reach site closure under RCRA. Based on the different criteria, the CTDEP-LR (or RSR criteria) are not only bounding, but also requires the longest duration. As with most decommissioning efforts, regulatory attention is focused on the NRC, however, with the recent industry initiatives based on concern of tritium releases to groundwater at other plants, it is likely that the USEPA and state agencies may continue to drive site investigations. By recognizing these differences, data quality objectives can include all agency requirements, thus minimizing rework or duplicative efforts. CYAPCO intends to complete groundwater monitoring for the NRC and CTDEP-RD by July 2007. However, because shallow remediations are still being conducted, site closure under USEPA and CTDEP-LR is projected to be late 2011.

  20. The strategic offense initiative? The Soviets and Star Wars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westwick, Peter J.

    2014-05-09

    Historians of the Cold War have paid too little attention to Soviet fears of 'space-strike weapons' - that is, possible offensive uses of President Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. In fifteen years or so, soldiers will no longer shoot rifles but will use some kind of lightning, some sort of a machine emitting a holocaustal electrical beam. Tell me, what can we invent in this line so as to surprise our neighbors?... Alas, we are only capable of imitating and purchasing weapons from others, and we do well if we manage to repair them ourselves. --Fyodor Dostoevsky, A Writer's Diary, 1873. [Khlinov, a physicist]: 'I know that he has made an important discovery concerning the transmission of infra-red rays over a distance.... Heat waves at a temperature of a thousand degrees centigrade transmitted parallel to each other constitute a monstrous weapon of destruction and defense in time of war. The whole secret lies in the transmission of a ray that does not disperse. So far nobody has been able to do this. Judging by your story, Garin has constructed a machine that will do it. If so it is an extremely important discovery.' 'I've been thinking for a long time that this invention smells of higher politics,' said Shelga. --Aleksei Tolstoy, The Garin Death Ray, 1927 (translated by George Hanna)

  1. Worry grows as Iran/Iraq war lingers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-11-03

    Despite the Iran/Iraq war and the prospect of greater disruption of Persian Gulf oil deliveries, the international crude market has adjusted to the loss of supplies and remains stable, partly because some nonwarring members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries have boosted production to make up losses and partly because the industrialized nations have maintained high levels of crude and product stocks. These stocks would be draw-depleted in nine months if used at the rate of 1.8 million bbl/day; this and a 2 million bbl/day increase in OPEC production would make up for the entire war-caused shortfall. If the Strait of Hormuz were closed, the shortfall would be 17 million bbl/day, which would deplete stocks in less than one month. Patterns of supply and demand in non-Communist western countries in 1978-79 and 1979-80; the International Energy Agency oil-sharing plan which would go into effect in the case of a major oil shortage; and the prospects for a surge in prices in the international oil markets, are discussed.

  2. DOE Reaches Recovery Act Goal With Cleanup of All Legacy Transuranic...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Reaches Recovery Act Goal With Cleanup of All Legacy Transuranic Waste at Sandia National Laboratories DOE Reaches Recovery Act Goal With Cleanup of All Legacy Transuranic Waste at ...

  3. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  4. Idaho Site Completes Demolition of Cold War-era Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Facility | Department of Energy Completes Demolition of Cold War-era Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Facility Idaho Site Completes Demolition of Cold War-era Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Facility December 22, 2011 - 11:12am Addthis Media Contact Erik Simpson (208) 360-0426 A gravel mound, larger than half a city block and several feet thick, is the only visible feature that remains at the site of a Cold War-era spent nuclear fuel reprocessing facility at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho site.

  5. EM’s December Newsletter Recaps Cold War Cleanup Accomplishments in 2013

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On Dec. 19, EM completed demolition of the 4.8 million-square-foot Building K-25 at Oak Ridge, a milestone that capped a busy and successful 2013 for the Cold War cleanup program.

  6. Changing the Way We Fly: Biofuels Made from Waste Gases Reaching...

    Energy Savers

    Changing the Way We Fly: Biofuels Made from Waste Gases Reaching New Heights with Airline Industry Changing the Way We Fly: Biofuels Made from Waste Gases Reaching New Heights with ...

  7. DOE and NASA Reach Cleanup Agreements with the State of California...

    Energy Savers

    NASA Reach Cleanup Agreements with the State of California for the Santa Susana Field Laboratory DOE and NASA Reach Cleanup Agreements with the State of California for the Santa ...

  8. World tanker industry maintains momentum from Persian Gulf war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-06-10

    The world tanker industry has managed to maintain the momentum generated during the Persian Gulf War. Freight rates for large vessels have regained the high levels seen during the first 2 months of this year, while the expected postwar decline in use of tankers has not materialized. The health of the tanker industry is linked closely with the volume of long haul crude oil from the Middle East, a spot charter from the gulf to Europe, an owner would only break even on the cost of building and operating a new tanker to the highest environmental standards. Owners currently can expect spot rates of about $40,000/day, excellent by the standards of the late 1980s and early 1990s but still below the level needed to justify new buildings. And there are many in the industry who think $40,000/day will be just a happy memory later in the year. Owners are facing pressure for major changes in the industry. Governments and the public want better operating standards and new environmentally sound tankers to reduce the risk of oil spills. At the same time, the industry has to learn to live with repercussion in the 1990 Oil Pollution Act in the U.S., which has opened the way for unlimited liability against tanker owners involved in spills off the U.S. The search also is on for improved profits to make investments required by the changing world of seaborne oil transportation.

  9. Biggest oil spill tackled in gulf amid war, soft market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-02-04

    Industry is scrambling to cope with history's biggest oil spill against the backdrop of a Persian Gulf war and a softening oil market. U.S. and Saudi Arabian officials accused Iraq of unleashing an oil spill of about 11 million bbl into the Persian Gulf off Kuwait last week by releasing crude from the giant Sea Island tanker loading terminal at Mina al Ahmadi. Smart bombs delivered by U.S. aircraft hit two onshore tank farm manifold stations, cutting off the terminal's source of oil flow Jan. 26. A small volume of oil was still leaking from 13 mile feeder pipelines to the terminal at presstime. Press reports quoted U.S. military and Saudi officials as estimating the slick at 35 miles long and 10 miles wide but breaking up in some areas late last week. Meantime, Iraq reportedly opened the valves at its Mina al Bakr marine terminal at Fao to spill crude into the northern gulf. BBC reported significant volumes of crude in the water off Fao 24 hr after the terminal valves were opened. Mina al Bakr is a considerably smaller terminal than Sea Island, suggesting that the resulting flow of oil would be smaller than that at Sea Island.

  10. American Material Culture: Investigating a World War II Trash Dump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julie Braun

    2005-10-01

    The Idaho National Laboratory: An Historical Trash Trove Historians and archaeologists love trash, the older the better. Sometimes these researchers find their passion in unexpected places. In this presentation, the treasures found in a large historic dump that lies relatively untouched in the middle of the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) will be described. The U.S. military used the central portion of the INL as one of only six naval proving grounds during World War II. They dumped trash in dry irrigation canals during and after their wartime activities and shortly before the federal government designated this arid and desolate place as the nation’s nuclear reactor testing station in 1949. When read critically and combined with memories and photographs, the 60-year old trash provides a glimpse into 1940s’ culture and the everyday lives of ordinary people who lived and worked during this time on Idaho’s desert. Thanks to priceless stories, hours of research, and the ability to read the language of historic artifacts, the dump was turned from just another trash heap into a treasure trove of 1940s memorabilia. Such studies of American material culture serve to fire our imaginations, enrich our understanding of past practices, and humanize history. Historical archaeology provides opportunities to integrate inanimate objects with animated narrative and, the more recent the artifacts, the more human the stories they can tell.

  11. American Material Culture: Investigating a World War II Trash Dump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julie Braun

    2005-10-01

    The Idaho National Laboratory: An Historical Trash Trove Historians and archaeologists love trash, the older the better. Sometimes these researchers find their passion in unexpected places. In this presentation, the treasures found in a large historic dump that lies relatively untouched in the middle of the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) will be described. The U.S. military used the central portion of the INL as one of only six naval proving grounds during World War II. They dumped trash in dry irrigation canals during and after their wartime activities and shortly before the federal government designated this arid and desolate place as the nations nuclear reactor testing station in 1949. When read critically and combined with memories and photographs, the 60-year old trash provides a glimpse into 1940s culture and the everyday lives of ordinary people who lived and worked during this time on Idahos desert. Thanks to priceless stories, hours of research, and the ability to read the language of historic artifacts, the dump was turned from just another trash heap into a treasure trove of 1940s memorabilia. Such studies of American material culture serve to fire our imaginations, enrich our understanding of past practices, and humanize history. Historical archaeology provides opportunities to integrate inanimate objects with animated narrative and, the more recent the artifacts, the more human the stories they can tell.

  12. Operations other than war: Requirements for analysis tools research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, D.S. III

    1996-12-01

    This report documents the research effort to determine the requirements for new or improved analysis tools to support decisions at the strategic and operational levels for military Operations Other than War (OOTW). The work was performed for the Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (USCINCPAC). The data collection was based on workshops attended by experts in OOTWs: analysis personnel from each of the Combatant Commands, the Services, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Staff, and other knowledgeable personnel. Further data were gathered from other workshops and conferences and from the literature. The results of this research begin with the creation of a taxonomy of OOTWs: categories of operations, attributes of operations, and tasks requiring analytical support. The tasks are connected to the Joint Staff`s Universal Joint Task List (UJTL). Historical OOTWs are analyzed to produce frequency distributions by category and responsible CINC. The analysis products are synthesized into a list of requirements for analytical tools and definitions of the requirements. The report concludes with a timeline or roadmap for satisfying the requirements.

  13. Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    next 70th anniversary lecture 70th anniversary lecture Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of next 70th anniversary lecture Lab's role in the development of nuclear weapons during the Cold War period will be discussed by Byron Ristvet of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. September 5, 2013 This photograph captures the expanding fireball of the world's first full-scale hydrogen bomb test, Ivy-Mike, which was conducted Oct. 31, 1952. This photograph captures

  14. Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Project Speak of the Nation's History | Department of Energy Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan Project Speak of the Nation's History Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan Project Speak of the Nation's History November 28, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Manhattan Project veteran Ralph Gates (far right) celebrates Christmas in 1945. Gates contributed to the Voices of the Manhattan Project, a storytelling project launched by

  15. Microsoft PowerPoint - Hanford_Reach_Natl_Monument_300 sq.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reach National Monument The Hanford Reach National Monument encompasses 300 square miles around the Hanford Site Part of the effort to reduce the active around the Hanford Site. Part of the effort to reduce the active footprint of the site involves cleanup of debris sites on Rattlesnake Mountain and the Fitzner-Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve. The Hanford Reach was protected by Presidential proclamation in 2000 Hanford Reach was protected by Presidential proclamation in 2000. Past military

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center: AT&T Fleet Reaches Milestone of 8,000 CNG

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Vehicles AT&T Fleet Reaches Milestone of 8,000 CNG Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: AT&T Fleet Reaches Milestone of 8,000 CNG Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: AT&T Fleet Reaches Milestone of 8,000 CNG Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: AT&T Fleet Reaches Milestone of 8,000 CNG Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: AT&T Fleet Reaches Milestone of 8,000 CNG

  17. Overcoming Technical and Market Barriers for Distributed Wind Applications: Reaching the Mainstream; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rhoads-Weaver, H.; Forsyth, T.

    2006-07-01

    This paper describes how the distributed wind industry must overcome hurdles including system costs and interconnection and installation restrictions to reach its mainstream market potential.

  18. Gen. Klotz thanks W76-1 team for reaching half way mark | National...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Gen. Klotz thanks W76-1 team for reaching half way mark | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile...

  19. OSTIblog Articles in the Star Wars Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of Scientific and Technical Information Star Wars Topic Dark Archives by Mark Martin 04 Aug, 2011 in Technology I have to admit that I am truly a science fiction and fantasy geek. Blame it on growing up on a steady diet of Star Wars and Transformers. This bit of background information helps explain why I smile internally whenever I get the chance to talk about dark archives. Those words call to mind a picture of some mysterious, powerful object at the center of an epic story, like The Lord

  20. Idaho Cold War Waste Removal Advancing as Work on Eighth Area Begins

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Danielle Miller, (208) 569-7806 Erik Simpson, (208) 390-9464 For Immediate Release: January 13, 2014 Idaho Cold War Waste Removal Advancing as Work on Eighth Area Begins IDAHO FALLS, ID - The U.S. Department of Energy and Idaho site cleanup contractor CH2M-WG Idaho (CWI) have begun removing Cold War weapons waste at the eighth area of the 97-acre Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA). The Idaho Site contains a total of nine targeted waste areas within the SDA. To date, six retrieval areas have been

  1. Idaho site completes demolition of Cold War-era nuclear fuel reprocessing

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    facility doe logo CH2M-WG logo Joint News Release For Immediate Release Date: December 22, 2011 Media Contact: Erik Simpson, (208) 360-0426 Idaho site completes demolition of Cold War-era nuclear fuel reprocessing facility A gravel mound, larger than half a city block and several feet thick, is the only visible feature that remains at the site of a Cold War-era spent nuclear fuel reprocessing facility at the U.S. Department of Energy�s Idaho site. About $44 million in American Recovery

  2. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Milestone Media Contact: (208) 586-4940 For Immediate Release: September 28, 2011 The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup Milestone Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment CARLSBAD, NM - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) received its 10,000th shipment of transuranic (TRU) waste over the weekend. This marks an important milestone in DOE�s mission to clean up the country�s Cold War

  3. EERE Success Story-Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading | Department of Energy Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading EERE Success Story-Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading May 12, 2015 - 4:53pm Addthis Battelle-a nonprofit research and development organization that operates many of the national laboratories-reached an Energy Department project milestone to demonstrate at least 1,000 hours of

  4. Department of Energy reaches an agreement in principle on the cleanup of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the Santa Susana Field Lab site in Simi Valley | Department of Energy reaches an agreement in principle on the cleanup of the Santa Susana Field Lab site in Simi Valley Department of Energy reaches an agreement in principle on the cleanup of the Santa Susana Field Lab site in Simi Valley September 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy announced today that it has reached an agreement in principle with California's Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC)

  5. Public perspectives of nuclear weapons in the post-cold war environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins-Smith, H.C.; Herron, K.G.; Barke, R.P.

    1994-04-01

    This report summarizes the findings of a nationwide survey of public perceptions of nuclear weapons in the post-cold war environment. Participants included 1,301 members of the general public, 1,155 randomly selected members of the Union of Concerned Scientists, and 1,226 employees randomly selected from the technical staffs of four DOE national laboratories. A majority of respondents from all three samples perceived the post-cold war security environment to pose increased likelihood of nuclear war, nuclear proliferation, and nuclear terrorism. Public perceptions of nuclear weapons threats, risks, utilities, and benefits were found to systematically affect nuclear weapons policy preferences in predictable ways. Highly significant relationships were also found between public trust and nuclear weapons policy preferences. As public trust and official government information about nuclear weapons increased, perceptions of nuclear weapons management risks decreased and perceptions of nuclear weapons utilities and benefits increased. A majority of respondents favored decreasing funding for: (1) developing and testing new nuclear weapons; (2) maintaining existing nuclear weapons, and (3) maintaining the ability to develop and improve nuclear weapons. Substantial support was found among all three groups for increasing funding for: (1) enhancing nuclear weapons safety; (2) training nuclear weapons personnel; (3) preventing nuclear proliferation; and (4) preventing nuclear terrorism. Most respondents considered nuclear weapons to be a persistent feature of the post-cold war security environment.

  6. Chinese attitudes toward nuclear weapons: China and the United States during the Korean War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryan, M.A.

    1986-01-01

    Fundamental Chinese attitudes related to nuclear disarmament and proliferation, civil defense against nuclear attack, and the likely repercussions of nuclear war were set during the Korean War. Chinese viewpoints were heavily influenced by Western writings on nuclear matters from 1945-1950 and were characterized by an integrated military, political, and psychological realism. Previous studies, failing to make use of relevant Chinese-language materials, have neglected this crucial formative period. Both the Truman and Eisenhower administrations considered using nuclear weapons in Korea and China and attempted to shape the political settlement of the war through nuclear threats. The Chinese reaction was notable for its efforts to counteract the effects of fear among its population. They acknowledged the unprecedented destructiveness, not the military decisiveness, of the weapons, but they adamantly denied that nuclear threats would cow them. Chinese propaganda stressed the Soviet deterrent and skillfully appealed to worldwide opposition to nuclear weapons, often utilizing Western spokesmen and playing upon the theme of US misuse of science. The Chinese considered a nuclear attack relatively unlikely but were prepared to absorb an attack and fight a war of long duration. In Korea both the terrain and the extensive tunneling by Chinese troops afforded significant protection from nuclear weapons.

  7. Living in the Nuclear Age: Families and the threat of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demorest, D.M.

    1991-01-01

    The main interest of this research was to add to the body of knowledge about the possible psychological impact of the nuclear threat on the family unit. Data were utilized from the Family Interaction, Stress and Nuclear War study conducted by Jules Riskin, M.D. and Victoria Dickerson, Ph.D. at the Mental Research Institute in Palo Alto, California. The sample consisted of ten families who were recruited for this study. In order to examine family-interaction variables and the impact of the threat of nuclear war, a standardized semi-structured family interview was conducted. Topics ranged from ordinary activities to external, non-nuclear stresses such as landslides or hurricanes, to the topic of nuclear war. A distinction is drawn between a family's level of nuclear concern while they discuss nuclear issues and a family's level of nuclear concern when viewed in the context of their overall pattern of family communication. In terms of family coping, family nuclear concern was found to be significantly related to two family-coping strategies. Families who utilized the coping strategies of seeking spiritual support and mobilizing the family to acquire and accept help were significantly less concerned about the threat of nuclear war.

  8. Idaho Site’s Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    IDAHO FALLS, Idaho – An association with more than 29,000 members featured an in-depth article on EM’s extensive Cold War legacy cleanup at the Idaho site in the current issue of its publication, The Military Engineer.

  9. Student attitudes toward the threat of nuclear war: Friends as influential reference persons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marasch, M.J.

    1992-01-01

    A renewed interest in research into the psychology of the threat of nuclear war occurred in the past decade as national attention focused increasingly on the arms race between the US and the USSR. Some of this research began the task of exploring the social influences upon attitudes and responses to the nuclear threat. Research on friends as potential influences upon nuclear attitudes was minimal. The present study investigated the role of college friends as potential reference persons in the formation of nuclear attitudes. A battery of questionnaires addressing various nuclear war and non-nuclear war attitudes was completed by 200 student-friend dyads from introductory psychology and sociology courses at the University of North Dakota. Three hypotheses were presented in this study. One hypothesis was that students would perceive their friends as having similar attitudes toward the threat of nuclear war. A second hypothesis was that the actual attitudes between pairs of students and friends would be similar. The third hypothesis was that the attitudes would have become more similar over the course of the development of the friendship (as measured retrospectively). The first hypothesis was borne out by the data. The second and third hypotheses were not supported. There are several implications of the findings. One implication is that the nuclear issue may not be as salient to college students as other, more immediate, issues. Another implication is that a relative lack of communication between college students on political issues precludes more effective mutual influence upon the development and change of such attitudes. A false consensus bias appeared to be operative when the students perceived that their attitudes were similar. Further discussion is presented in regard to past and future psychological research upon nuclear war attitudes.

  10. WIPP Workers Reach Two Million Man-Hours Without a Lost-Time...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Workers Reach Two Million Man-Hours Without a Lost-Time Accident CARLSBAD, N.M., February ... a safety milestone Feb. 19 by working two million man-hours without a lost-time accident. ...

  11. Artificial Lift Systems Market is expected to reach USD 19,806...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Artificial Lift Systems Market is expected to reach USD 19,806.8 Million by 2020 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150) Contributor...

  12. Oil Spill Management Market is Estimated to Reach USD 114,441...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Oil Spill Management Market is Estimated to Reach USD 114,441.1 Million by 2020 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150) Contributor...

  13. Department of Energy’s Paducah Site Reaches Million-Hour Safety Milestone

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    PADUCAH, KY – The U.S. Department of Energy’s Paducah Site has reached a million hours of safe work toward completing cleanup objectives to reduce environmental risk.

  14. Reaching Social Media Goals on Facebook, Twitter | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Reaching Social Media Goals on Facebook, Twitter Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2017) Super contributor 4 March, 2010 - 14:44...

  15. Oil Shale Market is Estimated to Reach USD 7,400.70 Million by...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Oil Shale Market is Estimated to Reach USD 7,400.70 Million by 2022 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150) Contributor 1 July, 2015...

  16. Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Battellea nonprofit research and development organization that operates many of the national laboratoriesreached an Energy Department project milestone to demonstrate at least 1,000 hours of bio...

  17. New Stream-reach Development: A Comprehensive Assessment of Hydropower Energy Potential in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, Shih-Chieh; McManamay, Ryan A; Stewart, Kevin M; Samu, Nicole M; Hadjerioua, Boualem; DeNeale, Scott T; Yeasmin, Dilruba; Pasha, M. Fayzul K.; Oubeidillah, Abdoul A; Smith, Brennan T

    2014-04-01

    The rapid development of multiple national geospatial datasets related to topography, hydrology, and environmental characteristics in the past decade have provided new opportunities for the refinement of hydropower resource potential from undeveloped stream-reaches. Through 2011 to 2013, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was tasked by the Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Program to evaluate the new stream-reach development (NSD) resource potential for more than 3 million US streams. A methodology was designed that contains three main components: (1) identification of stream-reaches with high energy density, (2) topographical analysis of stream-reaches to estimate inundated surface area and reservoir storage, and (3) environmental attribution to spatially join information related to the natural ecological systems, social and cultural settings, policies, management, and legal constraints to stream-reaches of energy potential. An initial report on methodology (Hadjerioua et al., 2013) was later reviewed and revised based on the comments gathered from two peer review workshops. After implementing the assessment across the entire United States, major findings were summarized in this final report. The estimated NSD capacity and generation, including both higher-energy-density (>1 MW per reach) and lower-energy-density (<1 MW per reach) stream-reaches is 84.7 GW, around the same size as the existing US conventional hydropower nameplate capacity (79.5 GW; NHAAP, 2013). In terms of energy, the total undeveloped NSD generation is estimated to be 460 TWh/year, around 169% of average 2002 2011 net annual generation from existing conventional hydropower plants (272 TWh/year; EIA, 2013). Given the run-of-river assumption, NSD stream-reaches have higher capacity factors (53 71%), especially compared with conventional larger-storage peaking-operation projects that usually have capacity factors of around 30%. The highest potential is identified in the Pacific Northwest

  18. Expanded "Green Button" Will Reach Federal Agencies and More American

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Consumers | Department of Energy "Green Button" Will Reach Federal Agencies and More American Energy Consumers Expanded "Green Button" Will Reach Federal Agencies and More American Energy Consumers December 6, 2013 - 12:50pm Addthis Applications powered by open energy data were on display at the Energy Datapalooza in June 2012. Initiatives like Green Button will expand the ways consumers -- from homeowners and renters to federal government agencies -- can interact

  19. Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Wind Energy Production and Manufacturing Reaches

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Record Highs | Department of Energy Wind Energy Production and Manufacturing Reaches Record Highs Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Wind Energy Production and Manufacturing Reaches Record Highs August 6, 2013 - 8:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The Energy Department released two new reports today showcasing record growth across the U.S. wind market -- increasing America's share of clean, renewable energy and supporting tens of thousands of jobs nationwide. According to these reports, the United States

  20. Spotlight on Seattle, Washington: Community Partnerships Work to Extend Program Reach

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Revised July 2011 Version 2 Spotlight on Seattle, Washington: Community Partnerships Work to Extend Program Reach Getting Started 1 Seattle Moves the Needle With the Help of Its Partners Seattle's Community Power Works (CPW) program has engaged a vast network of partners to build on existing capacity and knowledge, extending the reach of its program in a short period of time. By evaluating potential partnerships and identifying strategic opportuni- ties to augment and enhance local ideas and

  1. Space Chamber Reaches Cold Target at Unprecedented Efficiency | U.S. DOE

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Science (SC) Space Chamber Reaches Cold Target at Unprecedented Efficiency Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) Community Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: Email Us More Information » 10.01.12 Space Chamber Reaches

  2. EERE Success Story-Reaching New Limits with Solar Storage | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Reaching New Limits with Solar Storage EERE Success Story-Reaching New Limits with Solar Storage February 25, 2016 - 10:49am Addthis Sunlight reflected from heliostats is shining directly on the particle receiver, which is currently being tested on top of the solar tower at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility. Sunlight reflected from heliostats is shining directly on the particle receiver, which is currently being tested on top of the solar tower at the National Solar Thermal

  3. DOE and NASA Reach Cleanup Agreements with the State of California for the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Santa Susana Field Laboratory | Department of Energy NASA Reach Cleanup Agreements with the State of California for the Santa Susana Field Laboratory DOE and NASA Reach Cleanup Agreements with the State of California for the Santa Susana Field Laboratory December 6, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy and NASA both signed Administrative Orders on Consent (AOC) with the California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal EPA) today that define the process for

  4. Mitigation of Selected Hanford Site Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, Ellen P.; Harvey, David W.

    2006-09-08

    This document is the first time that Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts from the Hanford Site have been assembled within a publication. The publication presents photographic and written documentation of a number of Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts that were identified and tagged during assessment walk throughs of historic buildings on the Hanford Site but which could not be curated within the Hanford collection because they were too large for long-term storage and/or exhibit purposes or were radiologically contaminated. The significance of the artifacts in this publication and a proposed future appendix is based not on the individual significance of any single artifact but on their collective contribution to the science and engineering of creating plutonium and advancing nuclear technology in nuclear fuel and power.

  5. Report of workshop on radiological effects of nuclear war, SCOPE-ENUWAR workshop, Moscow, USSR, March 21-25, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, C.S.

    1988-03-01

    The workshop on radiological consequences of nuclear war addressed specific issues that built on the foundation of the results that were published in the SCOPE-ENUWAR report (SCOPE-28) in 1986. 14 refs.

  6. As Auto X Reaches the Finish Line, a New Race Begins | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    As Auto X Reaches the Finish Line, a New Race Begins As Auto X Reaches the Finish Line, a New Race Begins September 17, 2010 - 4:20pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs When the Automotive X Prize competition began back in March of 2008, the organizers laid out an ambitious goal: inspire a new generation of viable, safe and super fuel-efficient vehicles capable of achieving 100 miles per gallon or the energy equivalent (MPGe). The response

  7. U.S. and India Reach Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Reach Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project U.S. and India Reach Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project March 2, 2006 - 11:34am Addthis India becomes the first nation to accept U.S. invitation to participate in new clean coal project WASHINGTON, DC - President George W. Bush announced today that India will become the first country to participate on the government steering committee for the U.S. Department of Energy's FutureGen project - an initiative to build and operate the

  8. U.S., China Reach Agreement on Intellectual Property Protections for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center | Department of Energy Reach Agreement on Intellectual Property Protections for U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center U.S., China Reach Agreement on Intellectual Property Protections for U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center September 23, 2011 - 10:46am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Minister Wan Gang, of the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, today witnessed the signing by U.S. and Chinese government

  9. Low-Interest Rates Entice Philadelphians to Reach for the Stars |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Low-Interest Rates Entice Philadelphians to Reach for the Stars Low-Interest Rates Entice Philadelphians to Reach for the Stars For many Philadelphia area residents, getting a loan for home energy efficiency improvements is a no brainer when it's offered at a 0.99% fixed interest rate. EnergyWorks in Philadelphia is using low-interest loan rates to incentivize homeowners by tying the interest rate to the number of energy efficiency measures incorporated into the home,

  10. Development of a high-resolution bathymetry dataset for the Columbia River through the Hanford Reach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coleman, Andre M.; Ward, Duane L.; Larson, Kyle B.; Lettrick, Joseph W.

    2010-10-08

    A bathymetric and topographic data collection and processing effort involving existing and newly collected data has been performed for the Columbia River through the Hanford Reach in central Washington State, extending 60-miles from the tailrace of Priest Rapids Dam (river mile 397) to near the vicinity of the Interstate 182 bridge just upstream of the Yakima River confluence (river mile 337). The contents of this report provide a description of the data collections, data inputs, processing methodology, and final data quality assessment used to develop a comprehensive and continuous merged 1m resolution bathymetric and topographic surface dataset for the Columbia River through the Hanford Reach.

  11. Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Subcompact Sales in February 2015 | Department of Energy 0: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015 Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015 SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week Monthly plug-in vehicle (PEV) sales are small in comparison to total vehicle sales, but PEV sales shares are growing within some size classes. Looking at six-month moving totals, subcompact PEV sales

  12. EERE Success Story-Open-Source Testing Reaches New Milestone for Wave

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy | Department of Energy Open-Source Testing Reaches New Milestone for Wave Energy EERE Success Story-Open-Source Testing Reaches New Milestone for Wave Energy April 8, 2016 - 1:45pm Addthis WEC-Sim Phase 1 testing at the Oregon State University Hinsdale Directional Wave Basin. WEC-Sim Phase 1 testing at the Oregon State University Hinsdale Directional Wave Basin. Ocean wave energy is a developing next-generation technology. Wave energy converters are important for renewable energy

  13. Strategies for In-Cylinder Reductions to Reach Bin 2 and LEV III |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy In-Cylinder Reductions to Reach Bin 2 and LEV III Strategies for In-Cylinder Reductions to Reach Bin 2 and LEV III Optimized EGR and boost pressure under transient conditions lowers in-cylinder NOx for diesels and reduces pumping losses and improves knock resistance for gasoline engines. p-03_czarnowski.pdf (311.74 KB) More Documents & Publications Can Future Emissions Limits be Met with a Hybrid EGR System Alone? Control Strategy for a Dual Loop EGR System to Meet

  14. Reaching Back Towards the Big Bang | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reaching Back Towards the Big Bang Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) Community Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: Email Us More Information » 04.01.14 Reaching Back Towards the Big Bang US-led experiments at the LHC recreate the

  15. OSTIblog Articles in the World War II Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information War II Topic The Manhattan Project -- Its Operations by Mary Schorn 29 Nov, 2012 in Science Communications 4236 ManhattanProjectMap320.jpg The Manhattan Project -- Its Operations Read more about 4236 Major operations for the Manhattan Engineer District (Manhattan Project) took place in remote site locations in the states of Tennessee, New Mexico, and Washington, with additional research being conducted in university laboratories at Chicago and

  16. Lessons from post-war Iraq for the international full-scope safeguards regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheinman, L.

    1993-04-01

    The discovery after the Gulf War of the extensive Iraqi nuclear weapon program severely shook public confidence in the nuclear non-proliferation regime in general, and the safeguards program of the IAEA under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, in particular. Iraq provided the justification for evaluating the safeguards regime under new political circumstances, so that appropriate corrective measures could be taken when necessary. It is now up to the individual states within the international system to take advantage of this opportunity.

  17. Sandia grew out of America's World War II atomic bomb development effort. Toda

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    grew out of America's World War II atomic bomb development effort. Today, keeping the U.S. nuclear stockpile safe, secure, and reliable remains a major part of Sandia's work. But Sandia's role has evolved to address other national security threats facing our country. Sandia carries out research and development in the following areas: Nuclear Weapons - Supporting U.S. deterrence policy by helping sustain, modernize, and protect the nuclear arsenal. Defense Systems & Assessments - Supplying

  18. Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural Gas Resources

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The commercialization of an innovative telemetry communications system developed through a U.S. Department of Energy research program will help U.S. producers tap previously hard-to-reach natural gas resources deep underground, resulting in access to additional supplies that will help enhance national energy security.

  19. New Stream-reach Development (NSD) Final Report and Fact Sheet

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Program tasked Oak Ridge National Laboratory with evaluating the new stream-reach development (NSD) resource potential of more than 3 million U.S. streams in order to help individuals and organizations evaluate the feasibility of developing new hydropower sources in the United States.

  20. Fact #864: March 16, 2015 Imports of Primary Energy have Declined Sharply Since the Peak Reached in 2007

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file and dataset for Imports of Primary Energy have Declined Sharply Since the Peak Reached in 2007

  1. Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015- Dataset

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file and dataset for Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015

  2. Trends in radionuclide concentrations in Hanford Reach fish, 1982 through 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poston, T.M.

    1994-06-01

    Environmental monitoring has been conducted at the US Department of Energy`s Hanford Site in southeast Washington State since 1945. Fish from the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River, which borders the Site, are monitored annually. The two objectives of this report were (1) to evaluate trends in the concentrations of radionuclides [e.g., {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs] in two species of Columbia River fish [smallmouth bass and mountain whitefish] sampled from the Hanford Reach from 1982 through 1992; and (2) to determine the impact of Hanford Site releases on these two species and carp and fall chinook salmon collected during this time frame. The evaluation found gradual reductions of {sup 137}Cs in bass muscle and {sup 90}Sr in bass and whitefish carcass from 1982 through 1992. Concentrations of {sup 90}Sr in bass and whitefish followed the pattern established by reported Hanford Site releases from 1982 through 1992 and was supported by significant regression analyses comparing annual releases to sample concentration. Because data for carp have been collected only since 1990, the data base was inadequate for determining trends. Moreover, fall chinook salmon were only sampled once in this 11-year period. Concentrations of {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs in fish samples collected from distant background locations exceeded concentrations in Hanford Reach fish. Estimates of the dose from consumption of Hanford Reach fish were less than 0.001 times the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements and the US Department of Energy guideline of 100 mrem/yr.

  3. Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Battelle—a nonprofit research and development organization that operates many of the national laboratories—reached an Energy Department project milestone to demonstrate at least 1,000 hours of bio-oil hydrotreatment on a single catalyst charge. Typically, it takes many catalysts to convert a bio-oil intermediate into biofuel, making the conversion process expensive. Battelle’s new process substantially reduces the cost and risk of biofuel production and helps make the process more commercially viable.

  4. NNSA Reaches B61-12 Life Extension Program Milestone: First Full-System

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Mechanical Environment Test Completed Successfully | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) NNSA Reaches B61-12 Life Extension Program Milestone: First Full-System Mechanical Environment Test Completed Successfully February 04, 2014 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) today announced that Los Alamos and Sandia national laboratories successfully completed the first full-system mechanical environment test of the B61-12 as part of the NNSA's ongoing

  5. NNSA Reaches Important Milestone with B61-12 Life Extension Program |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Reaches Important Milestone with B61-12 Life Extension Program August 01, 2016 WASHINGTON - The Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) announced that they recently formally authorized the production engineering phase of its B61-12 warhead life extension program (LEP). This important milestone comes after four years of work in the development-engineering phase of the program, and marks the final development

  6. DOE Reaches $1.5M Settlement with Room Air Conditioner Manufacturer |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy $1.5M Settlement with Room Air Conditioner Manufacturer DOE Reaches $1.5M Settlement with Room Air Conditioner Manufacturer October 27, 2015 - 5:48pm Addthis The General Counsel's enforcement office settled an enforcement action against Friedrich Air Conditioning Company for $1,494,626.25, for the distribution of room air conditioners that failed to meet federal minimum standards for energy efficiency. Room air conditioners must meet minimum efficiency standards to be

  7. JASPER Reaches Shot 125 Milestone; Future Looks Bright for More Growth

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    JASPER Reaches Shot 125 Milestone; Future Looks Bright for More Growth The Joint Actinide Shock Physics Research (JASPER) facility at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) features more than just one of the most powerful gas guns on the planet - it has quickly become an integral part of the Stockpile Stewardship program for the data it provides. Scientists from the National Laboratories use JASPER to conduct experiments, or "shots," that subject materials to extreme pressures and

  8. DOE CHALLENGE HOME and PHIUS PARTNER TO MAKE IT EASIER TO REACH

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CHALLENGE HOME and PHIUS PARTNER TO MAKE IT EASIER TO REACH NEW LEVELS OF ZERO NET-ENERGY READY This partnership between DOE and PHIUS enhances coordination between voluntary peak performance new home label programs to expedite market transformation to net-zero ready homes that are so energy efficient that small renewable energy systems can offset most or all annual energy consumption. Net-zero ready homes can help address climate change, economic, and energy security issues. By working

  9. Evaluation of Juvenile Fall Chinook Stranding on the Hanford Reach, 1997-1999 Interim Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, Paul; Nugent, John; Price, William

    1999-02-15

    Pilot work conducted in 1997 to aid the development of the study for the 1998 Evaluation of Juvenile Fall Chinook Stranding on The Hanford Reach. The objectives of the 1997 work were to: (1) identify juvenile chinook production and rearing areas..., (2) identify sampling sites and develop the statistical parameters necessary to complete the study, (3) develop a study plan..., (4) conduct field sampling activities...

  10. Identifying high energy density stream-reaches through refined geospatial resolution in hydropower resource assessment

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Pasha, M. Fayzul K.; Yang, Majntxov; Yeasmin, Dilruba; Saetern, Sen; Kao, Shih -Chieh; Smith, Brennan T.

    2016-01-07

    Benefited from the rapid development of multiple geospatial data sets on topography, hydrology, and existing energy-water infrastructures, the reconnaissance level hydropower resource assessment can now be conducted using geospatial models in all regions of the US. Furthermore, the updated techniques can be used to estimate the total undeveloped hydropower potential across all regions, and may eventually help identify further hydropower opportunities that were previously overlooked. To enhance the characterization of higher energy density stream-reaches, this paper explored the sensitivity of geospatial resolution on the identification of hydropower stream-reaches using the geospatial merit matrix based hydropower resource assessment (GMM-HRA) model. GMM-HRAmore » model simulation was conducted with eight different spatial resolutions on six U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 8-digit hydrologic units (HUC8) located at three different terrains; Flat, Mild, and Steep. The results showed that more hydropower potential from higher energy density stream-reaches can be identified with increasing spatial resolution. Both Flat and Mild terrains exhibited lower impacts compared to the Steep terrain. Consequently, greater attention should be applied when selecting the discretization resolution for hydropower resource assessments in the future study.« less

  11. Hihan Sapa Wapaha Tate Woilagyapi Owl Feather War Bonnet Wind Farm Rosebud Sioux Tribe

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Donald Hihan Sapa Wapaha Tate Woilagyapi Owl Feather War Bonnet Wind Farm Rosebud Sioux Tribe Resource Development Office/Tribal Utilities Commission Distributed Generation Systems, Inc. (Disgen) Dept. of Energy Grant DOE Funding $448,551.00 DISGEN Cost share/in-kind $78,750.00 RST/TUC Cost share/in-kind $27,272.00 The Participants: Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Resource Development Phil Two Eagle, Resource Dev. Dir. Ken Haukaas, Wind Farm Coordinator Dr. Bill Akard, Sinte Gleska University, Cultural

  12. Thermostat Wars

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The other day, I was visiting a friend's office and noticed something you may have noticed yourself: his building had a variety of micro-climates, ranging from the furnace hot to the freezing cold.

  13. On the time needed to reach an equilibrium structure of the radiation belts

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Ripoll, J. -F.; Loran, V.; Cunningham, Gregory Scott; Reeves, Geoffrey D.; Shprits, Y. Y.

    2016-06-04

    In this paper, we complement the notion of equilibrium states of the radiation belts with a discussion on the dynamics and time needed to reach equilibrium. We solve for the equilibrium states obtained using 1D radial diffusion with recently developed hiss and chorus lifetimes at constant values of Kp = 1, 3 and 6. We find that the equilibrium states at moderately low Kp, when plotted vs L-shell (L) and energy (E), display the same interesting S-shape for the inner edge of the outer belt as recently observed by the Van Allen Probes. The S-shape is also produced as themore » radiation belts dynamically evolve toward the equilibrium state when initialized to simulate the buildup after a massive dropout or to simulate loss due to outward diffusion from a saturated state. Physically, this shape, intimately linked with the slot structure, is due to the dependence of electron loss rate (originating from wave-particle interactions) on both energy and L-shell. Equilibrium electron flux profiles are governed by the Biot number (τDiffusion/τloss), with large Biot number corresponding to low fluxes and low Biot number to large fluxes. The time it takes for the flux at a specific (L, E) to reach the value associated with the equilibrium state, starting from these different initial states, is governed by the initial state of the belts, the property of the dynamics (diffusion coefficients), and the size of the domain of computation. Its structure shows a rather complex scissor form in the (L, E) plane. The equilibrium value (phase space density or flux) is practically reachable only for selected regions in (L, E) and geomagnetic activity. Convergence to equilibrium requires hundreds of days in the inner belt for E > 300 keV and moderate Kp (≤3). It takes less time to reach equilibrium during disturbed geomagnetic conditions (Kp ≥ 3), when the system evolves faster. Restricting our interest to the slot region, below L = 4, we find that only small regions in (L, E) space

  14. Spawning Habitat Studies of Hanford Reach Fall Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geist, David R.; Arntzen, Evan V.; Chien, Yi-Ju

    2009-03-02

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted this study for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) with funding provided through the Northwest Power and Conservation Council(a) and the BPA Fish and Wildlife Program. The study was conducted in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River. The goal of study was to determine the physical habitat factors necessary to define the redd capacity of fall Chinook salmon that spawn in large mainstem rivers like the Hanford Reach and Snake River. The study was originally commissioned in FY 1994 and then recommissioned in FY 2000 through the Fish and Wildlife Program rolling review of the Columbia River Basin projects. The work described in this report covers the period from 1994 through 2004; however, the majority of the information comes from the last four years of the study (2000 through 2004). Results from the work conducted from 1994 to 2000 were covered in an earlier report. More than any other stock of Pacific salmon, fall Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) have suffered severe impacts from the hydroelectric development in the Columbia River Basin. Fall Chinook salmon rely heavily on mainstem habitats for all phases of their life cycle, and mainstem hydroelectric dams have inundated or blocked areas that were historically used for spawning and rearing. The natural flow pattern that existed in the historic period has been altered by the dams, which in turn have affected the physical and biological template upon which fall Chinook salmon depend upon for successful reproduction. Operation of the dams to produce power to meet short-term needs in electricity (termed power peaking) produces unnatural fluctuations in flow over a 24-hour cycle. These flow fluctuations alter the physical habitat and disrupt the cues that salmon use to select spawning sites, as well as strand fish in near-shore habitat that becomes dewatered. The quality of spawning gravels has been affected by dam construction, flood protection, and

  15. Oil inventories in industrialized countries to reach record high at end of 2015

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Oil inventories in industrialized countries to reach record high at end of 2015 The amount of year-end oil inventories held in industrialized countries is expected to be the highest on record in 2015. In its monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said it expects commercial oil inventories in the United States and other industrialized countries to total 2.83 billion barrels at the end of this year almost 90 million barrels more than at the end of 2014. Global oil production

  16. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps J. Heeter, R. Gelman, and L. Bird National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-61858 September 2014 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No.

  17. Nuclear education campaign: on how to eliminate the threat of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markusen, E.; Dunham, J.; Bee, R.

    1981-05-01

    The threat of a nuclear war creates a chronic erosion of moral and intellectual integrity and places the future of humanity in the hands of a few hundred people. The nuclear elite probably requires a degree of psychological numbing and desensitization in order to separate themselves emotionally from decisions that might require exercise of their power. They may also lose the ability to question basic assumptions and may identify themselves with the rightness of their policies and the need to use nuclear technology to preserve those policies. To reform the nuclear-industrial complex, the American public must become educated to give the prevention of nuclear war a higher priority than the economy. Fears and anxieties may underlie apparent apathy, taking the form of denial and a focus on immediate problems. A campaign by knowledgeable people to educate the public should stress the empirical data necessary for objectivity and should use a multidisciplinary approach in the same way that recent death education programs have broken the taboos about discussing the Nazi holocaust. An outline of a nuclear-education program suggests a number of social and economic benefits. 13 references. (DCK)

  18. Assessment of damage to the desert surfaces of Kuwait due to the Gulf War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Baz, F. . Center for Remote Sensing); Al-Ajmi, D. . Environmental and Earth Sciences Div.)

    1993-01-01

    This is a preliminary report on a joint research project by Boston University and the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research that commenced in April 1992. The project aim is to establish the extent and nature of environmental damage to the desert surface and coastal zone of Kuwait due to the Gulf War and its aftermath. Change detection image enhancement techniques were employed to enhance environmental change by comparison of Landsat Thematic Mapper images obtained before the wars and after the cessation of the oil and well fires. Higher resolution SPOT images were also utilized to evaluate the nature of the environmental damage to specific areas. The most prominent changes were due to: (1) the deposition of oil and course-grained soot on the desert surface as a result of oil rain'' from the plume that emanated from the oil well fires; (2) the formation of hundreds of oil lakes, from oil seepage at the damaged oil well heads; (3) the mobilization of sand and dust and (4) the pollution of segments of the coastal zone by the deposition of oil from several oil spills. Interpretation of satellite image data are checked in the field to confirm the observations, and to assess the nature of the damage. Final results will be utilized in establishing the needs for remedial action to counteract the harmful effects of the various types of damage to the environment of Kuwait.

  19. An ecological engineering approach for keeping water from reaching interred wastes in arid or semiarid regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, J.E.

    1997-12-31

    This paper describes application of a soil-plant cover system (SPCS) to preclude water from reaching interred wastes in arid and semiarid regions. Where potential evapotranspiration far exceeds precipitation, water can be kept from reaching buried wastes by (1) providing a sufficiently deep cap of soil to store precipitation that falls while plants are dormant and (2) maintaining plant cover to deplete soil moisture during the growing season, thereby emptying the storage reservoir. Research at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) has shown that 2 m of soil is adequate to store moisture from snowmelt and spring rains. Healthy stands of perennial grasses and shrubs adapted to the INEL climate use all available soil moisture, even during a very wet growing season. However, burrowing by small mammals or ants may affect the performance of a SPCS by increasing infiltration of water. Intrusion barriers of gravel and cobble can be used to restrict burrowing, but emplacement of such barriers affects soil moisture storage and plant rooting depths. A replicated field experiment to investigate the implications of those effects is in progress. Incorporation of an SPCS should be considered in the design of isolation barriers for shallow land burial of hazardous wastes in and regions.

  20. Use of coiled tubing during the Wytch Farm extended-reach drilling project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, T.; Larsen, H.A.; Redway, M.; Hill, G.

    1995-05-01

    The largest onshore oil field in western Europe is in an environmentally sensitive coastal area in southern England. Initial development of the field in the late 1970`s focused on accessing reserves underlying the onshore section of the reservoir. In 1989, various development options were screened to access the offshore section of the reservoir, containing {approx} 80 million bbl of recoverable oil. In 1991, the decision was made to access these reserves through extended-reach drilling (ERD) from an existing onshore wellsite. This development is currently under way, with 3 of 11 planned wells already drilled and producing. This paper describes the application of coiled tubing (CT) in the logging and completion phases of the ERD wells drilled to date. Conclusions are made as to the value of coiled tubing in ERD wells to minimize rig time and the current limits of technology.

  1. The use of coiled tubing during the Wytch Farm extended reach drilling project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, T.; Larsen, H.A.; Redway, M.; Hill, G.

    1994-12-31

    The largest onshore oilfield in Western Europe is situated in an environmentally sensitive coastal area on the south coast of England. Initial development of the field in the late 1970`s focused on accessing reserves underlying the onshore section of the reservoir. In 1989, various development options were screened to access the offshore section of the reservoir, containing some 80 million barrels of recoverable oil. In 1991, the decision was made to access these reserves through extended reach drilling (ERD) from an existing onshore well-site. This development is currently underway, with three out of a planned eleven wells already drilled and producing. This paper will describe the application of Coiled Tubing in the logging and completion phases of the ERD wells drilled to date.

  2. Hydrodynamic Simulation of the Columbia River, Hanford Reach, 1940--2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waichler, Scott R.; Perkins, William A.; Richmond, Marshall C.

    2005-06-15

    Many hydrological and biological problems in the Columbia River corridor through the Hanford Site require estimates of river stage (water surface elevation) or river flow and velocity. Systematic collection of river stage data at locations in the Hanford Reach began in 1991, but many environmental projects need river stage information at unmeasured locations or over longer time periods. The Modular Aquatic Simulation System 1D (MASS1), a one-dimensional, unsteady hydrodynamic and water quality model, was used to simulate the Columbia River from Priest Rapids Dam to McNary Dam from 1940 to 2004, providing estimates of water surface elevation, volumetric flow rate, and flow velocity at 161 locations on the Hanford Reach. The primary input data were bathymetric/topographic cross sections of the Columbia River channel, flow rates at Priest Rapids Dam, and stage at McNary Dam. Other inputs included Yakima River and Snake River inflows. Available flow data at a gaging station just below Priest Rapids Dam was mean daily flow from 1940 to 1986 and hourly thereafter. McNary dam was completed in 1957, and hourly stage data are available beginning in 1975. MASS1 was run at an hourly timestep and calibrated and tested using 1991--2004 river stage data from six Hanford Reach locations (areas 100B, 100N, 100D, 100H, 100F, and 300). Manning's roughness coefficient in the Reach above each river recorder location was adjusted using an automated genetic algorithm and gradient search technique in three separate calibrations, corresponding to different data subsets, with minimization of mean absolute error as the objective. The primary calibration was based on 1999, a representative year, and included all locations. The first alternative calibration also used all locations but was limited in time to a high-flow period during spring and early summer of 1997. The second alternative calibration was based on 1999 and included only 300 Area stage data. Model goodness-of-fit for all years

  3. Religious and Philosophical Justifications for War: A Synthesis of Selected Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martzen, E

    2000-08-15

    The Critical Issues Forum (CIF) is a cooperative education program supported in part by the Department of Energy's Defense Programs. The Science and Technology Education Program (STEP) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory manages one component of this program. CIF engages high school students and teachers regarding issues of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, arms control, and international security. These issues are viewed in light of their scientific, economic, socio-cultural, and political/geopolitical influences and implications. This year CIF's focus is on chemical and biological weapons (CBW). CBW is becoming more of a threat today than ever before. Many countries are developing these weapons. CBW also presents certain ethical dilemmas for many individuals, especially if those individuals feel it is their religious duty to use or avoid the use of such weapons. Religion has become an important determining factor in international security because many cultures, and even governments make decisions based on religious traditions. This paper is an attempt to look at these religions and philosophical traditions with an emphasis on views of ''just war''. The ultimate purpose of this paper is to promote awareness about religion's influence on international security issues. This paper was written by Cadet Ernst ''Mitch'' Martzen, AFROTC. He is an intern with the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Science and Technology Education Program, under the guidance of Dr. Stephen C. Sesko, the director of LLNL's CIF program. Every major religion and ethical system has developed a societal concept of ''just war''. Today, the world's largest religions include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Each faith lays claim to a heritage rich with thousands of years of history, and the power of great minds to support its ethical and moral beliefs. These religions have each developed separate and distinct beliefs regarding warfare. Whether those beliefs

  4. Bridging the Cold War and the 21st century: chronicling the history of Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mora, C.J.

    1997-04-01

    A historical perspective is given for Sandia National Laboratories from its beginnings as a small engineering group at an offshoot of Los Alamos Laboratory to a facility of 7000 people at its main facility in Albuquerque, another 1000 people in Livermore, California and test ranges in Tonopah, Nevada and Kauai, Hawaii. The Sandia army base became the Z division of Los Alamos and $25 million construction program began the structures that would carry out a test program for nuclear weapons during the cold war. Bell System/AT&T stewardship of the site continued from 1949 to 1993, when Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin) was chosen as the new contractor. Management decisions, personnel, and political aspects of the Laboratory are presented up to 1997 and forecasts are given for future policy and programs of Sandia.

  5. Poisonous gas and the american expeditionary forces in World War I: Is it still 1918. Monograph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.W.

    1992-12-06

    This monograph investigates the uses and effects of chemical weapons used on units. The doctrine and technology available today are compared to those available and used by the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) during World War One. The monograph first discusses the development and use of gas during WWI. Specifically, five case studies are presented representing the offensive and defensive use of gas as seen by AEF units. Each case is then analyzed using the battlefield operating systems (BOS). Lessons learned are then extracted from the case studies. Today's doctrine is then analyzed using these lessons learned to determine if the US is any better prepared to fight in a chemical environment today than it was at the end of WWI.

  6. Cyber Wars Have SQUIDs, Will Travel A Trip to Nuclear North Korea

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    lo s a l a m o s s c i e n c e a n d t e c h n o lo g y m ag a z i n e JUly 20 09 Wired for the Future Cyber Wars Have SQUIDs, Will Travel A Trip to Nuclear North Korea 1 663 lo s a l a m o s s c i e n c e a n d t e c h n o lo g y m ag a z i n e J U ly 2 0 0 9 During the Manhattan Project, Enrico Fermi, Nobel Laureate and leader of F-Division, meets with San Ildefonso Pueblo's Maria Martinez, famous worldwide for her extraordinary black pottery. features from terry wallace PrINcIPaL aSSocIatE

  7. Army War College final prototype optical disk system testing and evaluation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, A.J.; Gillespie, S.J.

    1990-03-01

    This report documents the continuation of the PC-based optical disk retrieval-storage system testing and evaluation activities that Data Systems Research and Development (DSRD) staff have performed over the last year for the Army War College (AWC), Carlisle, Pennsylvania. A previous report (see Army War College Optical Disk System Test and Evaluation Report, K/DSRD-74, April 1989) detailed the performance testing results of the initial two prototype optical disk systems evaluated by DSRD. Based on the results of this prototype system testing and evaluation, the AWC selected the SAIC/LaserData system for further development and testing. This report describes the development activities that were performed to enhance the SAIC/LaserData system for further development and testing. This report describes the development activities that were performed to enhance the SAIC/LaserData system and details the tests and evaluations that were performed under an environment similar to that which would be encountered at the sponsor's site. The prototype optical disk system that was tested and evaluated consists of two stations: a master scanning station for scanning, indexing, and storing of documents onto master and distribution disks and retrieval station for retrieving and displaying information contained on the distribution disks. The master scanning station includes a 386 Central Processing Unit (CPU), a high-speed scanner, and a dual 5.25-inch optical disk drive and is capable of being networked. The retrieval station, intended mainly for viewing documents, does not have a scanner and has only one optical disk drive.

  8. Reaching Grid Parity Using BP Solar Crystalline Silicon Technology: A Systems Class Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cunningham, Daniel W; Wohlgemuth, John; Carlson, David E; Clark, Roger F; Gleaton, Mark; Posbic, John P; Zahler, James

    2010-12-06

    The primary target market for this program was the residential and commercial PV markets, drawing on BP Solar's premium product and service offerings, brand and marketing strength, and unique routes to market. These two markets were chosen because: (1) in 2005 they represented more than 50% of the overall US PV market; (2) they are the two markets that will likely meet grid parity first; and (3) they are the two market segments in which product development can lead to the added value necessary to generate market growth before reaching grid parity. Federal investment in this program resulted in substantial progress toward the DOE TPP target, providing significant advancements in the following areas: (1) Lower component costs particularly the modules and inverters. (2) Increased availability and lower cost of silicon feedstock. (3) Product specifically developed for residential and commercial applications. (4) Reducing the cost of installation through optimization of the products. (5) Increased value of electricity in mid-term to drive volume increases, via the green grid technology. (6) Large scale manufacture of PV products in the US, generating increased US employment in manufacturing and installation. To achieve these goals BP Solar assembled a team that included suppliers of critical materials, automated equipment developers/manufacturers, inverter and other BOS manufacturers, a utility company, and University research groups. The program addressed all aspects of the crystalline silicon PV business from raw materials (particularly silicon feedstock) through installation of the system on the customers site. By involving the material and equipment vendors, we ensured that supplies of silicon feedstock and other PV specific materials like encapsulation materials (EVA and cover glass) will be available in the quantities required to meet the DOE goals of 5 to 10 GW of installed US PV by 2015 and at the prices necessary for PV systems to reach grid parity in 2015

  9. EVIDENCE FOR A MILKY WAY TIDAL STREAM REACHING BEYOND 100 kpc

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drake, A. J.; Djorgovski, S. G.; Graham, M. J.; Mahabal, A.; Donalek, C.; Williams, R.; Catelan, M.; Torrealba, G.; Prieto, J. L.; Larson, S.; Christensen, E.; Beshore, E.

    2013-03-10

    We present the analysis of 1207 RR Lyrae found in photometry taken by the Catalina Survey's Mount Lemmon telescope. By combining accurate distances for these stars with measurements for {approx}14,000 type-ab RR Lyrae from the Catalina Schmidt telescope, we reveal an extended association that reaches Galactocentric distances beyond 100 kpc and overlaps the Sagittarius stream system. This result confirms earlier evidence for the existence of an outer halo tidal stream resulting from a disrupted stellar system. By comparing the RR Lyrae source density with that expected based on halo models, we find the detection has {approx}8{sigma} significance. We investigate the distances, radial velocities, metallicities, and period-amplitude distribution of the RR Lyrae. We find that both radial velocities and distances are inconsistent with current models of the Sagittarius stream. We also find tentative evidence for a division in source metallicities for the most distant sources. Following prior analyses, we compare the locations and distances of the RR Lyrae with photometrically selected candidate horizontal branch stars and find supporting evidence that this structure spans at least 60 Degree-Sign of the sky. We investigate the prospects of an association between the stream and the unusual globular cluster NGC 2419.

  10. DOE Moab Project Reaches Halfway Mark in Mill Tailings Removal 2.5 Million Hours Safely Worked

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    (Grand Junction, CO) ― The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has reached 8 million tons of uranium mill tailings removed from the Moab site in Utah under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project.

  11. Steelhead Spawning Surveys Near Locke Island, Hanford Reach of the Columbia River

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DR Geist; RP Mueller

    1999-10-19

    In 1997, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) listed upper Columbia River steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus znykiss) as endangered. This action affected management of land-use activities along and within the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River, which flows through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site. Steelhead covered in this listing include all naturally spawned populations of steel-head and their progeny in streams in the Columbia River Basin upstream from the Yakima River to the United States/Canada border. The NMFS has identified a general listing of activities that could potentially result in harm to steelhead (62 FR 43937, August 18, 1997). One of these concerns includes land-use changes resulting in mass wasting or surface erosion. Landslide activity along the White Bluffs on the east ,side of Locke Island has redirected river flow into the island where substantial erosion has occurred. This erosion has exposed important anthropological and archaeological resources that were previously buried on the island. The DOE is working with affected tribes and other agencies to develop a plan for addressing the erosion of Locke Island. As part of this effort, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has prepared an assessment of potential alternatives to stabilize the erosion, including a no-action alternative. Steelhead historically spawned in the vicinity of Locke Island, but recent information on the occurrence of steelhead spawning or availability of spawning habitat was lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if steelhead spawned in the vicinity of Locke Island erosion and to evaluate the composition of substrate in the affected area. Surveys to document the occurrence of steelheads redds were conducted in Spring 1999. The surveys were conducted from the air as well as with the use of an underwater video camera. Neither aerial nor underwater surveys documented steelhead spawning within the survey area. Habitat surveys were

  12. An analysis of uranium dispersal and health effects using a Gulf War case study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, Albert Christian

    2005-07-01

    The study described in this report used mathematical modeling to estimate health risks from exposure to depleted uranium (DU) during the 1991 Gulf War for both U.S. troops and nearby Iraqi civilians. The analysis found that the risks of DU-induced leukemia or birth defects are far too small to result in an observable increase in these health effects among exposed veterans or Iraqi civilians. Only a few veterans in vehicles accidentally struck by U.S. DU munitions are predicted to have inhaled sufficient quantities of DU particulate to incur any significant health risk (i.e., the possibility of temporary kidney damage from the chemical toxicity of uranium and about a 1% chance of fatal lung cancer). The health risk to all downwind civilians is predicted to be extremely small. Recommendations for monitoring are made for certain exposed groups. Although the study found fairly large calculational uncertainties, the models developed and used are generally valid. The analysis was also used to assess potential uranium health hazards for workers in the weapons complex. No illnesses are projected for uranium workers following standard guidelines; nonetheless, some research suggests that more conservative guidelines should be considered.

  13. Linking legacies: Connecting the Cold War nuclear weapons production processes to their environmental consequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    In the aftermath of the Cold War, the US has begun addressing the environmental consequences of five decades of nuclear weapons production. In support of this effort, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to describe the waste streams generated during each step in the production of nuclear weapons. Accordingly, this report responds to this mandate, and it is the Department`s first comprehensive analysis of the sources of waste and contamination generated by the production of nuclear weapons. The report also contains information on the missions and functions of nuclear weapons facilities, on the inventories of waste and materials remaining at these facilities, as well as on the extent and characteristics of contamination in and around these facilities. This analysis unites specific environmental impacts of nuclear weapons production with particular production processes. The Department used historical records to connect nuclear weapons production processes with emerging data on waste and contamination. In this way, two of the Department`s legacies--nuclear weapons manufacturing and environmental management--have become systematically linked. The goal of this report is to provide Congress, DOE program managers, non-governmental analysts, and the public with an explicit picture of the environmental results of each step in the nuclear weapons production and disposition cycle.

  14. Spawning and abundance of fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River, 1948--1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dauble, D.D.; Watson, D.G.

    1990-03-01

    The Hanford Reach of the Columbia River provides the only major spawning habitat for the upriver bright (URB) race of fall chinook salmon in the mainstem Columbia River. Hanford Site biologists have conducted aerial surveys of spawning salmon in the Hanford Reach since 1948. This report summarizes data on fall chinook salmon spawning in the Hanford Reach and presents a discussion of factors that may affect population trends. Most data are limited to fisheries agency reports and other working documents. Fisheries management practices in the Columbia River system have changed rapidly over the last decade, particularly under requirements of the Pacific Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980. New information has been generated and included in this report. 75 refs., 17 figs., 11 tabs.

  15. Evaluation of Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Stranding on the Hanford Reach in the Columbia River, 1998 Interim Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nugent, John; Newsome, Todd; Nugent, Michael

    2001-07-27

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) has been contracted through the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Grant County Public Utility District (GCPUD) to perform an evaluation of juvenile fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) stranding on the Hanford Reach. The evaluation, in the second year of a multi-year study, has been developed to assess the impacts of water fluctuations from Priest Rapids Dam on rearing juvenile fall chinook salmon, other fish species, and benthic macroinvertebrates of the Hanford Reach. This document provides the results of the 1998 field season.

  16. Evaluation of Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Stranding on the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River, 1999 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nugent, John

    2002-01-24

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) has been contracted through the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Grant County Public Utility District (GCPUD) to perform an evaluation of juvenile fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) stranding on the Hanford Reach. The evaluation, in the third year of a multi-year study, has been developed to assess the impacts of water fluctuations from Priest Rapids Dam on rearing juvenile fall chinook salmon, other fishes, and benthic macroinvertebrates of the Hanford Reach. This document provides the results of the 1999 field season.

  17. Evaluation of Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Stranding on the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River, 2000 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nugent, John; Nugent, Michael; Brock, Wendy

    2002-05-29

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) has been contracted through the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Grant County Public Utility District (GCPUD) to perform an evaluation of juvenile fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) stranding on the Hanford Reach. The evaluation, in the fourth year of a multi-year study, has been developed to assess the impacts of water fluctuations from Priest Rapids Dam on rearing juvenile fall chinook salmon, other fishes, and benthic macroinvertebrates of the Hanford Reach. This document provides the results of the 2000 field season.

  18. Evaluation of Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Stranding on the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River, 2001 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nugent, John; Nugent, Michael; Brock, Wendy

    2002-05-29

    The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) has been contracted through the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Grant County Public Utility District (GCPUD) to perform an evaluation of juvenile fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) stranding on the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River. The evaluation, in the fifth year of a multi-year study, has been developed to assess the impacts of water fluctuations from Priest Rapids Dam on rearing juvenile fall chinook salmon, other fishes, and benthic macroinvertebrates of the Hanford Reach. This document provides the results of the 2001 field season.

  19. Energy security in the post-Cold War era: Identifying future courses for crises

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freund, M.T.; Wise, J.A.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Shaw, B.R.; Seely, H.E.; Roop, J.M.

    1994-11-01

    This paper addresses US energy security in the post-Cold War era for a conference on energy security jointly sponsored by the Department of Energy and the National Defense University. It examines the evolving nature of energy security based on analysis of past crisis-inducing events and-discusses potentially important geopolitical, environmental, regulatory, and economic developments during the next twenty-five years. The paper steps beyond the traditional economic focus of energy security issues to examine the interplay between fundamental economic and technical drivers on the one hand, and political, environmental, and perceptual phenomena, on the other hand, that can combine to create crises where none were expected. The paper expands on the premise that the recent demise of the Soviet Union and other changing world conditions have created a new set of energy dynamics, and that it is imperative that the United States revise its energy security perspective accordingly. It proceeds by reviewing key factors that comprise the concepts of ``energy security`` and ``energy crisis`` and how they may fit into the new world energy security equation. The study also presents a series of crisis scenarios that could develop during the next twenty-five years, paying particular attention to mechanisms and linked crisis causes and responses. It concludes with a discussion of factors that may serve to warn analysts and decision makers of impending future crises conditions. The crisis scenarios contained in this report should be viewed only as a representative sample of the types of situations that could occur. They serve to illustrate the variety of factors that can coalesce to produce a ``crisis.``

  20. New Stream-reach Development (NSD): A Comprehensive Assessment of Hydropower Energy Potential in the United States Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, Shih-Chieh

    2014-04-25

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Program tasked Oak Ridge National Laboratory with evaluating the new stream-reach development (NSD) resource potential of more than 3 million U.S. streams in order to help individuals and organizations evaluate the feasibility of developing new hydropower sources in the United States.

  1. Stream-reach Identification for New Run-of-River Hydropower Development through a Merit Matrix Based Geospatial Algorithm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasha, M. Fayzul K.; Yeasmin, Dilruba; Kao, Shih-Chieh; Hadjerioua, Boualem; Wei, Yaxing; Smith, Brennan T

    2014-01-01

    Even after a century of development, the total hydropower potential from undeveloped rivers is still considered to be abundant in the United States. However, unlike evaluating hydropower potential at existing hydropower plants or non-powered dams, locating a feasible new hydropower plant involves many unknowns, and hence the total undeveloped potential is harder to quantify. In light of the rapid development of multiple national geospatial datasets for topography, hydrology, and environmental characteristics, a merit matrix based geospatial algorithm is proposed to help identify possible hydropower stream-reaches for future development. These hydropower stream-reaches sections of natural streams with suitable head, flow, and slope for possible future development are identified and compared using three different scenarios. A case study was conducted in the Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) and Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) hydrologic subregions. It was found that a merit matrix based algorithm, which is based on the product of hydraulic head, annual mean flow, and average channel slope, can help effectively identify stream-reaches with high power density and small surface inundation. The identified stream-reaches can then be efficiently evaluated for their potential environmental impact, land development cost, and other competing water usage in detailed feasibility studies . Given that the selected datasets are available nationally (at least within the conterminous US), the proposed methodology will have wide applicability across the country.

  2. Assessment of potential impacts of major groundwater contaminants to fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Hanford Reach, Columbia River

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geist, D.R.; Poston, T.M.; Dauble, D.D.

    1994-10-01

    Past operations of Hanford Site facilities have contaminated the groundwater adjacent to the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River, Washington, with various chemical and radiological constituents. The groundwater is hydraulically connected to the river and contains concentrations of contaminants that sometimes exceed federal and/or state drinking water standards or standards for the protection of aquatic life. For example, concentrations of chromium in shoreline seeps and springs at most 100 Area operable units exceed concentrations found to be toxic to fish. Nitrate and tritium concentrations in shoreline seeps are generally below drinking water standards and concentrations potentially toxic to aquatic life, but nitrate concentrations may be high enough to synergistically interact with and exacerbate chromium toxicity. The Hanford Reach also supports the largest run of fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Columbia River Basin. Numbers of fall chinook salmon returning to the Hanford Reach have increased relative to other mainstem populations during the last 30 years. Groundwater discharge appears to occur near some salmon spawning areas, but contaminants are generally not detectable in surface water samples. The concentration and potential toxicity of contaminants in the interstitial waters of the substrate where fall chinook salmon embryogenesis occurs are presently unknown. New tools are required to characterize the extent of groundwater contaminant discharge to the Hanford Reach and to resolve uncertainties associated with assessment of potential impacts to fall chinook salmon.

  3. Introduction Yucca Lady, a World War II Boeing-17G Flying Fortress Army Air Force serial number

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Yucca Lady, a World War II Boeing-17G Flying Fortress Army Air Force serial number 44-83575, was flown to the Nevada Test Site (now known as the Nevada National Security Site - NNSS) in 1952, where she was instrumented and subjected to three atmospheric nuclear tests as part of the Operation Tumbler-Snapper -- Vulnerability of Parked Aircraft to Atomic Bombs series, conducted in April and May 1952. The project would determine the effects of a nuclear device detonated above an airfield,

  4. TRASH TO TREASURE: CONVERTING COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE INTO WEAPONS AGAINST CANCER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholas, R.G.; Lacy, N.H.; Butz, T.R.; Brandon, N.E.

    2004-10-06

    As part of its commitment to clean up Cold War legacy sites, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated an exciting and unique project to dispose of its inventory of uranium-233 (233U) stored at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and extract isotopes that show great promise in the treatment of deadly cancers. In addition to increasing the supply of potentially useful medical isotopes, the project will rid DOE of a nuclear concern and cut surveillance and security costs. For more than 30 years, DOE's ORNL has stored over 1,200 containers of fissile 233U, originally produced for several defense-related projects, including a pilot study that looked at using 233U as a commercial reactor fuel. This uranium, designated as special nuclear material, requires expensive security, safety, and environmental controls. It has been stored at an ORNL facility, Building 3019A, that dates back to the Manhattan Project. Down-blending the material to a safer form, rather than continuing to store it, will eliminate a $15 million a year financial liability for the DOE and increase the supply of medical isotopes by 5,700 percent. During the down-blending process, thorium-229 (229Th) will be extracted. The thorium will then be used to extract actinium-225 (225Ac), which will ultimately supply its progeny, bismuth-213 (213Bi), for on-going cancer research. The research includes Phase II clinical trials for the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia at Sloan-Kettering Memorial Cancer Center in New York, as well as other serious cancers of the lungs, pancreas, and kidneys using a technique known as alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy. Alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy is based on the emission of alpha particles by radionuclides. 213Bi is attached to a monoclonal antibody that targets specific cells. The bismuth then delivers a high-powered but short-range radiation dose, effectively killing the cancerous cells but sparing the surrounding tissue. Production of the actinium and

  5. Oil dependence and Thai foreign-policy behavior during the Arab-Israeli war of October 1973

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keophumihae, S.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explain Thai foreign-policy behavior toward the Arab-Israeli conflict during the Arab oil embargo of 1973-1974 in the wake of the October 1973 War. The major hypothesis is that Thai foreign policy behavior shifted from a neutral to a pro-Arab position after the Arab oil embargo. This shift was motivated by Thai oil-import dependence on OAPEC (Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries). Oil has assumed an economic as well as a political dimension. Therefore, its political influence over the oil-dependent states cannot be dismissed. Thai foreign-policy behavior in the Arab-Israeli conflict is analyzed through the use of the dependence approach, which contends that external reliance is a potent factor for explaining behavior of actors. Thailand's foreign-policy stand is first delineated through the use of documents containing policy statements by Thai delegates to the United Nations. It was found that although Thai public policy statements were never bluntly anti-Israel, they moved from between neutrality before the oil crisis to a pro-Arab position after the oil crisis of 1973-1974. This shift of Thailand's foreign policy behavior position was then measured against its UN voting records. Results of the voting analysis indicated that the shifting of Thai foreign policy behavior during the October war was motivated by Thailand's oil-import dependence.

  6. Status of Environmental Management Initiatives to Accelerate the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This Report to Congress was prepared pursuant to section 3130 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008, and summarized the EM program and initiatives to accelerate the reduction of environmental risks and challenges posed by the legacy of the Cold War.

  7. Development of an objective questionnaire to assess perception, concern, and knowledge of, and attention and response to, the threat of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulman, I.R.

    1985-01-01

    In addition to the subject objective, the relationship of specified personality variables (i.e., trait anxiety, locus of control, response tendency towards threat, and denial) to behavioral and psychological responses to the threat of nuclear war were assessed. The quantitative questionnaire, titled the Nuclear Reaction Scale, was composed of items selected from issues discussed in the psychological literature on the threat of nuclear war. These issues included: psychic numbing, cognitive reality, perceptions of likelihood and survival, nuclear illusions, and attention to the threat of nuclear war. A standardization sample of 360 college students was administered the Nuclear Reaction Scale, Trait Anxiety Scale, Internal-External Locus of Control Scale, Facilitation-Inhibition Scale, and Haan Denial Scale. Three additional subsamples, identified as Military, Nuclear Freeze, and Church, were given the Nuclear Reaction Scale to assess the validity of the scale. A factor analysis of the Nuclear Reaction Scale indicated a nine-factor solution that described issues such as concern perceptions, likelihood, survivability, and control over the threat of nuclear war. A number of strong relationships existed between computed factors on the Nuclear Reaction Scale. Demographic comparisons found significant differences related to sex and political affiliation.

  8. Redd Site Selection and Spawning Habitat Use by Fall Chinook Salmon, Hanford Reach, Columbia River : Final Report 1995 - 1998.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geist, David R.

    1999-05-01

    This report summarizes results of research activities conducted from 1995 through 1998 on identifying the spawning habitat requirements of fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River. The project investigated whether traditional spawning habitat models could be improved in order to make better predictions of available habitat for fall chinook salmon in the Snake River. Results suggest models could be improved if they used spawning area-specific, rather than river-specific, spawning characteristics; incorporated hyporheic discharge measurements; and gave further consideration to the geomorphic features that are present in the unconstrained segments of large alluvial rivers. Ultimately the recovery of endangered fall chinook salmon will depend on how well we are able to recreate the characteristics once common in alluvial floodplains of large rivers. The results from this research can be used to better define the relationship between these physical habitat characteristics and fall chinook salmon spawning site selection, and provide more efficient use of limited recovery resources. This report is divided into four chapters which were presented in the author's doctoral dissertation which he completed through the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife at Oregon State University. Each of the chapters has been published in peer reviewed journals or is currently under review. Chapter one is a conceptual spawning habitat model that describes how geomorphic features of river channels create hydraulic processes, including hyporheic flows, that influence where salmon spawn in unconstrained reaches of large mainstem alluvial rivers. Chapter two describes the comparison of the physical factors associated with fall chinook salmon redd clusters located at two sites within the Reach. Spatial point pattern analysis of redds showed that redd clusters averaged approximately 10 hectares in area and their locations were consistent from year to

  9. Development and Deployment of the Extended Reach Sluicing System (ERSS) for Retrieval of Hanford Single Shell Tank Waste. Draft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, Roger E.; Figley, Reed R.; Innes, A. G.

    2013-11-11

    A history of the evolution and the design development of Extended Reach Sluicer System (ERSS) is presented. Several challenges are described that had to be overcome to create a machine that went beyond the capabilities of prior generation sluicers to mobilize waste in Single Shell Tanks for pumping into Double Shell Tank receiver tanks. Off-the-shelf technology and traditional hydraulic fluid power systems were combined with the custom-engineered components to create the additional functionality of the ERSS, while still enabling it to fit within very tight entry envelope into the SST. Problems and challenges inevitably were encountered and overcome in ways that enhance the state of the art of fluid power applications in such constrained environments. Future enhancements to the ERSS design are explored for retrieval of tanks with different dimensions and internal obstacles.

  10. Two-Dimensional Modeling of Time-Varying Hydrodynamics and Juvenile Chinook Salmon Habitat in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perkins, William A.; Richmond, Marshall C.; McMichael, Geoffrey A.

    2007-10-10

    The Hanford Reach is the only remaining unimpounded reach of the Columbia River in the United States above Bonneville Dam. Discharge in the Hanford Reach is regulated by several dams and is often subject to rapid changes. Sharp flow reductions have led to the stranding or entrapment, and subsequent mortality, of juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorynchus tshawytscha) and other important fish species within the Hanford Reach. A multi-block two-dimensional depth-averaged hydrodynamic model was used to simulate time-varying river velocity and stage in a 37~km portion of the Hanford Reach. Simulation results were used to estimate time-varying juvenile chinook salmon habitat area, and the part of that habitat affected by discharge fluctuations. Affected habitat area estimates were made for the chinook salmon rearing period of four years. These estimates were used, along with other important factors, to establish a statistical relationship between discharge fluctuation and juvenile chinook salmon mortality.

  11. Using the Conceptual Site Model to Remediate Two Sites in New England and Reach License Termination and Site Reuse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glucksberg, Nadia; Peters, Jay

    2008-01-15

    The Conceptual Site Model (CSM) is a powerful tool for understanding the link between contamination sources, cleanup objectives, and ultimate site reuse. The CSM describes the site setting, geology, hydrogeology, potential sources, release mechanisms and migration pathways of contaminants. The CSM is needed to understand the extent of contamination and how receptors may be exposed to both radiological and chemical constituents. A key component of the CSM that is often overlooked concerns how the regulatory requirements drive remediation and how each has to be integrated into the CSM to ensure that all stakeholder requirements are understood and addressed. This paper describes how the use of the CSM helped reach closure and reuse at two facilities in Connecticut that are pursuing termination of their Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license. The two facilities are the Combustion Engineering Site, located in Windsor, Connecticut, (CE Windsor Site) and the Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company, located in Haddam Neck, Connecticut (CYAPCO). The closure of each of these facilities is regulated by four agencies: - Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) - which requires cleanup levels for radionuclides to be protective of public health; - US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) - which requires cleanup levels for chemicals to be protective of public health and the environment; - Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (CTDEP) Bureau of Air Management, Radiation Division - which requires cleanup levels for radionuclides to be protective of public health; and - Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (CTDEP) Bureau of Water Protection and Land Reuse - which requires cleanup levels for chemicals to be protective of public health and the environment. Some of the radionuclides at the CE Windsor Site are also regulated under the Formerly Utilized Site Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) under the Army Corps of Engineers. The remainder of this paper

  12. Hyporheic discharge of river water into fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) spawning areas in the Hanford Reach, Columbia River

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geist, David R. )

    1999-12-01

    Fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) spawned predominantly in areas of the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River where hyporheic water discharged into the river channel. This upwelling water had a dissolved solids content (i.e., specific conductance) indicative of river water and was presumed to have entered highly permeable riverbed substrate at locations upstream of the spawning areas. Hyporheic discharge zones composed of undiluted ground water or areas with little or no upwelling were not used by spawning salmon. Rates of upwelling into spawning areas averaged 1,200 L?m-2?day-1 (95% C.I.= 784 to 1,665 L?m-2?day-1) as compared to approximately 500 L?m-2?day-1 (95% C.I.= 303 to 1,159 L?m-2?day-1) in non-spawning areas. Dissolved oxygen content of the hyporheic discharge near salmon spawning areas was about 9 mg?L-1 (+ 0.4 mg?L-1) whereas in non-spawning areas dissolved oxygen values were 7 mg?L-1 (+ 0.9 mg?L-1) or lower. In both cases dissolved oxygen of the river water was higher (11.3+ 0.3 mg?L-1). Physical and chemical gradients between the hyporheic zone and the river may provide cues for adult salmon to locate suitable spawning areas. This information will help fisheries managers to describe the suitability of salmon spawning habitat in large rivers.

  13. Hanford Reaches Recovery Act Goal for Waste Cleanup Ahead of Schedule- Workers Shipped 1,800 Cubic Meters for Treatment and Disposal

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, Wash. – Today, the Department of Energy Hanford Site announced it reached a cleanup goal more than two months ahead of schedule at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State.

  14. Unfolding the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase RNase H domain – how to lose a molecular tug-of-war

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Zheng, Xunhai; Pedersen, Lars C.; Gabel, Scott A.; Mueller, Geoffrey A.; DeRose, Eugene F.; London, Robert E.

    2016-01-14

    Formation of the mature HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) p66/p51 heterodimer requires subunit-specific processing of the p66/p66' homodimer precursor. Since the ribonuclease H (RH) domain contains an occult cleavage site located near its center, cleavage must occur either prior to folding or subsequent to unfolding. Recent NMR studies have identified a slow, subunit-specific RH domain unfolding process proposed to result from a residue tug-of-war between the polymerase and RH domains on the functionally inactive, p66' subunit. Here, we describe a structural comparison of the isolated RH domain with a domain swapped RH dimer that reveals several intrinsically destabilizing characteristics of themore » isolated domain that facilitate excursions of Tyr427 from its binding pocket and separation of helices B and D. These studies provide independent support for the subunit-selective RH domain unfolding pathway in which instability of the Tyr427 binding pocket facilitates its release followed by domain transfer, acting as a trigger for further RH domain destabilization and subsequent unfolding. As further support for this pathway, NMR studies demonstrate that addition of an RH active site-directed isoquinolone ligand retards the subunit-selective RH' domain unfolding behavior of the p66/p66' homodimer. As a result, this study demonstrates the feasibility of directly targeting RT maturation with therapeutics.« less

  15. Assessing world energy in the wake of the Iran/Iraq war: an oil shortage proves elusive. [Monograph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Randol, W.L.; Verleger, P.K. Jr.; Clayman, M.

    1981-01-01

    A reassessment of world energy supplies was made in the wake of curtailed exports during the Iran/Iraq war and the corresponding increase in world oil prices, the drop in oil consumption, the widening economic recession, and US decontrol of oil. The report concludes that present worldwide levels of oil production are adequate to satisfy projected levels of consumption through 1981. This leaves the world energy system in balance even if oil exports from Iran and Iraq remain at minimal levels for the year. Past overestimation of demand makes it more likely that this year's consumption will fall short of the projection. The way in which Saudi Arabia's output is cut will be the key to oil pricing in 1981, the authors feel, but the likely approach will be a gradual reduction in production that will allow the Saudis to regain control of OPEC. The effects of a receding demand for oil have been intensified by high US interest rates and the spreading recession. The effect of immediate decontrol of petroleum is likely to compound the trend for reduced consumption and a corresponding increase in efficiency. 2 figures, 2 tables.

  16. Assessment of the Species Composition, Densities, and Distribution of Native Freshwater Mussels along the Benton County Shoreline of the Hanford Reach, Columbia River, 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mueller, Robert P.; Tiller, Brett L.; Bleich, Matthew D.; Turner, Gerald; Welch, Ian D.

    2011-01-31

    The Hanford Reach of the Columbia River is the last unimpounded section of the river and contains substrate characteristics (cobble, gravel, sand/silt) suitable for many of the native freshwater mussels known to exist in the Pacific Northwest. Information concerning the native mussel species composition, densities, and distributions in the mainstem of the Columbia River is limited. Under funding from the U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted an assessment of the near-shore habitat on the Hanford Reach. Surveys conducted in 2004 as part of the Ecological Monitoring and Compliance project documented several species of native mussels inhabiting the near-shore habitat of the Hanford Reach. Findings reported here may be useful to resource biologists, ecologists, and DOE-RL to determine possible negative impacts to native mussels from ongoing near-shore remediation activities associated with Hanford Site cleanup. The objective of this study was to provide an initial assessment of the species composition, densities, and distribution of the freshwater mussels (Margaritiferidae and Unionidae families) that exist in the Hanford Reach. Researchers observed and measured 201 live native mussel specimens. Mussel density estimated from these surveys is summarized in this report with respect to near-shore habitat characteristics including substrate size, substrate embeddedness, relative abundance of aquatic vegetation, and large-scale geomorphic/hydrologic characteristics of the Hanford Reach.

  17. The Walls Come Tumbling Down: Decontamination and Demolition of 29 Manhattan Project and Cold War-Era Buildings and Structures at Los Alamos National Laboratory-12301

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaloupka, Allan B.; Finn, Kevin P.; Parsons, Duane A.

    2012-07-01

    When the nation's top scientists and military leaders converged on Los Alamos, New Mexico in the 1943, to work on the Manhattan Project, the facilities they used to conduct their top-secret work were quickly constructed and located in the middle of what eventually became the Los Alamos town site. After one of these early facilities caught on fire, it seemed wise to build labs and production facilities farther away from the homes of the town's residents. They chose to build facilities on what was then known as Delta Prime (DP) Mesa and called it Technical Area 21, or TA-21. With wartime urgency, a number of buildings were built at TA-21, some in as little as a few months. Before long, DP Mesa was populated with several nondescript metal and cinder-block buildings, including what became, immediately following the war, the world's first plutonium production facility. TA-21 also housed labs that used hazardous chemicals and analyzed americium, tritium and plutonium. TA-21 was a bustling center of research and production for the next several decades. Additional buildings were built there in the 1960's, but by the 1990's many of them had reached the end of their service lives. Labs and offices were moved to newer, more modern buildings. When Los Alamos National Laboratory received $212 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in July 2009 for environmental cleanup projects, about $73 million of the funds were earmarked to decontaminate and demolish 21 of the old buildings at TA-21. Although some D and D of TA-21 buildings was performed in the 1990's, many of the facilities at DP Site remained relatively untouched for nearly three decades following their final operational use. In 2006, there were over three dozen buildings or structures on the mesa to be removed so that soil cleanup could be completed (and the land made available for transfer and reuse). The total footprint of buildings across the mesa was approximately 18,580 m{sup 2} (200

  18. Nuclear War Survival Skills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kearny, C.H.

    2002-06-24

    The purpose of this book is to provide Americans with information and instructions that will significantly increase their chances of surviving a possible nuclear attack. It brings together field-tested instructions that, if followed by a large fraction of Americans during a crisis that preceded an attack, could save millions of lives. The author is convinced that the vulnerability of our country to nuclear threat or attack must be reduced and that the wide dissemination of the information contained in this book would help achieve that objective of our overall defense strategy.

  19. War against water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitz-Hugh, S.

    1982-01-01

    It is stressed that waterproofing should be the most important concern in an earth-sheltered home, starting with the design and continuing throughout the construction. Damage which may be caused by water leakage is discussed. Proper site selection is most important and the need for outside professionals and consultants is emphasized. The ideal waterproofing system is discussed and illustrated. Waterproofing agents are discussed in detail. They are: (1) sodium bentonite; (2) elastomers, such as isobutylene isoprene (butyl rubber), EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer), and liquid elastomers (polyurethanes); and (3) rubberized asphalt. Availability, sheet sizes and application of these waterproofing agents are discussed. (MJJ)

  20. ATOMS PEACE WAR Eisenhower

    Energy Savers

    ATNI Energy Summit 2015 ATNI Energy Summit 2015 The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI) hosted a three-day event and training for tribal, utility, and technology executives August 11-13, 2015, in Portland, Oregon. It featured premier policy, utility, and technology innovators as well as a showcase of the latest innovations, projects, and emerging opportunities. Technical experts from DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) presented on the following topics: Energy Efficiency

  1. Using remotely sensed imagery and GIS to monitor and research salmon spawning: A case study of the Hanford Reach fall chinook (Oncorhynchus Tshawytscha)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RH Visser

    2000-03-16

    The alteration of ecological systems has greatly reduced salmon populations in the Pacific Northwest. The Hanford Reach of the Columbia River, for example, is a component of the last ecosystem in eastern Washington State that supports a relatively healthy population of fall chinook salmon ([Oncorhynchus tshawytscha], Huntington et al. 1996). This population of fall chinook may function as a metapopulation for the Mid-Columbia region (ISG 1996). Metapopulations can seed or re-colonize unused habitat through the mechanism of straying (spawning in non-natal areas) and may be critical to the salmon recovery process if lost or degraded habitat is restored (i.e., the Snake, Upper Columbia, and Yakima rivers). For these reasons, the Hanford Reach fall chinook salmon population is extremely important for preservation of the species in the Columbia River Basin. Because this population is important to the region, non-intrusive techniques of analysis are essential for researching and monitoring population trends and spawning activities.

  2. Hanford Reach Fall Chinook Redd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy People Core (HCP) PIA, Richland Operations Office Hanford People Core (HCP) PIA, Richland Operations Office Hanford People Core (HCP) PIA, Richland Operations Office Hanford People Core (HCP) PIA, Richland Operations Office (140.49 KB) More Documents & Publications E-IDR (Inventory Disclosure Record) PIA, Idaho National Laboratory Occupational Medicine - Assistant PIA, Idaho National Laboratory Integrated Safety Management Workshop Registration, PIA, Idaho National Laboratory

  3. Status of Environmental Management Initiatives to Accelerate the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-01

    Fifty years of nuclear weapons production and energy research in the United States during the Cold War generated large amounts of radioactive wastes, spent nuclear fuel (SNF), excess plutonium and uranium, thousands of contaminated facilities, and contaminated soil and groundwater. During most of that half century, the Nation did not have the environmental regulatory structure or nuclear waste cleanup technologies that exist today. The result was a legacy of nuclear waste that was stored and disposed of in ways now considered unacceptable. Cleaning up and ultimately disposing of these wastes is the responsibility of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In 1989, DOE established the Office of Environmental Management (EM) to solve the large scale and technically challenging risks posed by the world's largest nuclear cleanup. This required EM to build a new nuclear cleanup infrastructure, assemble and train a technically specialized workforce, and develop the technologies and tools required to safely decontaminate, disassemble, stabilize, disposition, and remediate unique radiation hazards. The sites where nuclear activities produced legacy waste and contamination include the original Manhattan Project sites--Los Alamos, New Mexico; Hanford, Washington; and Oak Ridge, Tennessee--as well as major Cold War sites, such as Savannah River Site, South Carolina; the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho; Rocky Flats Plant, Colorado; and Fernald, Ohio. Today EM has responsibility for nuclear cleanup activities at 21 sites covering more than two million acres in 13 states, and employs more than 30,000 Federal and contractor employees, including scientists, engineers and hazardous waste technicians. This cleanup poses unique, technically complex problems, which must be solved under the most hazardous of conditions, and which will require billions of dollars a year for several more decades. The EM program focus during its first 10 years was on managing the most urgent risks and

  4. Effects of Flaming Gorge Dam hydropower operations on sediment transport in the Browns Park reach of the Green River, Utah and Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, G.P.; Tomasko, D.; Cho, H.E.; Yin, S.C.L.

    1995-05-01

    Three methods for comparing sediment transport were applied to four proposed hydropower operational scenarios under study for Flaming Gorge Dam on the Green River in Utah. These methods were effective discharge, equilibrium potential, and cumulative sediment load with flow exceedance plots. Sediment loads transported by the Green River in the Browns Park reach were calculated with the Engelund-Hansen equation for three historical water years and four hydropower operational scenarios. A model based on the Engelund-Hansen equation was developed using site-specific information and validated by comparing predictions for a moderate water year with measured historical values. The three methods were used to assess the impacts of hydropower operational scenarios on sediment resources. The cumulative sediment load method provided the most useful information for impact evaluation. Effective discharge was not a useful tool because of the limited number of discrete flows associated with synthetic hydrographs for the hydropower operational scenarios. The equilibrium potential method was relatively insensitive to the variations in operating conditions, rendering it comparatively ineffective for impact evaluation.

  5. Total Cross Sections as a Surrogate for Neutron Capture: An Opportunity to Accurately Constrain (n,γ) Cross Sections for Nuclides Beyond the Reach of Direct Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koehler, Paul E.

    2014-03-05

    There are many (n,γ) cross sections of great interest to radiochemical diagnostics and to nuclear astrophysics which are beyond the reach of current measurement techniques, and likely to remain so for the foreseeable future. In contrast, total neutron cross sections currently are feasible for many of these nuclides and provide almost all the information needed to accurately calculate the (n,γ) cross sections via the nuclear statistical model (NSM). I demonstrate this for the case of 151Sm; NSM calculations constrained using average resonance parameters obtained from total cross section measurements made in 1975, are in excellent agreement with recent 151Sm (n,γ) measurements across a wide range of energy. Furthermore, I demonstrate through simulations that total cross section measurements can be made at the Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center for samples as small as 10μg. Samples of this size should be attainable for many nuclides of interest. Finally, I estimate that over half of the radionuclides identified ∼20 years ago as having (n,γ) cross sections of importance to s-process nucleosynthesis studies (24/43) and radiochemical diagnostics (11/19), almost none of which have been measured, can be constrained using this technique.

  6. Suitability criteria analyzed at the spatial scale of redd clusters improved estimates of fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) spawning habitat use in the Hanford Reach, Columbia River

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geist, David R. ); Jones, Julia; Murray, Christopher J. ); Dauble, Dennis D. )

    1999-12-01

    We improved our predictions of fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) habitat use by analyzing spawning habitat at the spatial scale of redd clusters. Spatial point pattern analyses indicated that redd clusters in the Hanford Reach, Columbia River, were consistent in their location from 1994 to 1995. Redd densities were 16.1 and 8.9 redds?ha-1 in 1994 and 1995, respectively, and individual redds within clusters were usually less than 30 m apart. Pattern analysis also showed strong evidence that redds were uniformly distributed within the clusters where inter-redd distances ranged from 2 to 5 m. Redd clusters were found to occur predominantly where water velocity was between 1.4 to 2 m?s-1, water depth was 2 to 4 m, and lateral slope of the riverbed was less than 4%. This habitat use represented a narrower range of use than previously reported for adult fall chinook salmon. Logistic regression analysis determined that water velocity and lateral slope were the most significant predictors of redd cluster location over a range of river discharges. Over-estimates of available spawning habitat lead to non-achievable goals for protecting and restoring critical salmonid habitat. Better predictions of spawning habitat may be possible if cluster-specific characteristics are used.

  7. Pulling History from the Waste Stream: Identification and Collection of Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts on the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marceau, Thomas E.; Watson, Thomas L.

    2013-11-13

    One man's trash is another man's treasure. Not everything called "waste" is meant for the refuse pile. The mission of the Curation Program is at direct odds with the remediation objectives of the Hanford Site. While others are busily tearing down and burying the Site's physical structures and their associated contents, the Curation Program seeks to preserve the tangible elements of the Site's history from these structures for future generations before they flow into the waste stream. Under the provisions of a Programmatic Agreement, Cultural Resources staff initiated a project to identify and collect artifacts and archives that have historic or interpretive value in documenting the role of the Hanford Site throughout the Manhattan Project and Cold War Era. The genesis of Hanford's modern day Curation Program, its evolution over nearly two decades, issues encountered, and lessons learned along the way -- particularly the importance of upper management advocacy, when and how identification efforts should be accomplished, the challenges of working within a radiological setting, and the importance of first hand information -- are presented.

  8. Impacts of oil disturbances: lessons from experience. [1973-1974 Oil Crisis; 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution; 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T R

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the impacts of previous oil distrubances can be used to suggest the impacts of future oil disturbances. This paper reviews how the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis, the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution, and the 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War impacted the US and world oil markets. Various measures of impacts are considered, such as impacts on physical flows of crude and products, crude and product price changes on the US and world markets, impacts on stocks of crude and products, and impacts on refiners' inputs and outputs. Various macroeconomic indicators, such as gross national product, inflation rates, and unemployment, are also considered. Of particular interest in this study are the impacts that oil disturbances have had (and could have) on the availabilities of particular crude types and the abilities of US refiners to process crudes of various types in the short run. In addition, this paper reviews how the actions of the consuming countries and the major oil companies affected the impacts of past disturbances. The paper briefly discusses the likely causes and impacts of future oil distrubances and summarizes the lessons to be learned from past reactions to oil disturbances.

  9. Man o' War Mutation in UDP-α-D-Xylose Synthase Favors the Abortive Catalytic Cycle and Uncovers a Latent Potential for Hexamer Formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, Jr., Richard M.; Polizzi, Samuel J.; Kadirvelraj, Renuka; Howard, Wesley W.; Wood, Zachary A.

    2015-03-17

    The man o’ war (mow) phenotype in zebrafish is characterized by severe craniofacial defects due to a missense mutation in UDP-α-D-xylose synthase (UXS), an essential enzyme in proteoglycan biosynthesis. The mow mutation is located in the UXS dimer interface ~16 Å away from the active site, suggesting an indirect effect on the enzyme mechanism. We have examined the structural and catalytic consequences of the mow mutation (R236H) in the soluble fragment of human UXS (hUXS), which shares 93% sequence identity with the zebrafish enzyme. In solution, hUXS dimers undergo a concentration-dependent association to form a tetramer. Sedimentation velocity studies show that the R236H substitution induces the formation of a new hexameric species. Using two new crystal structures of the hexamer, we show that R236H and R236A substitutions cause a local unfolding of the active site that allows for a rotation of the dimer interface necessary to form the hexamer. The disordered active sites in the R236H and R236A mutant constructs displace Y231, the essential acid/base catalyst in the UXS reaction mechanism. The loss of Y231 favors an abortive catalytic cycle in which the reaction intermediate, UDP-α-D-4-keto-xylose, is not reduced to the final product, UDP-α-D-xylose. Surprisingly, the mow-induced hexamer is almost identical to the hexamers formed by the deeply divergent UXS homologues from Staphylococcus aureus and Helicobacter pylori (21% and 16% sequence identity, respectively). The persistence of a latent hexamer-building interface in the human enzyme suggests that the ancestral UXS may have been a hexamer.

  10. WAR DEPARTaMMeNT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    It is estixstad or:ly nsa apasifioatim billets will be extmdad ., during Pm-oh sad April. Yisld of haala from new billets is eatizatsd at S and ou old billets at-83. C'n this ...

  11. PNNL: Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis - Research: Reaching...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    She has served as Principal Investigator on programs for multiple agencies including the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, and ARPA-E. She was a finalist in 2010 ...

  12. Reach Energy, LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 56587 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes ISO Ercot Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This...

  13. Government Buildings CHARTING YOUR JOURNEY REACHING MILESTONES

    Energy Savers

    ... Motivated by growing public interest in sustainability, many government entities are taking the lead to green their facilities by incorporating energy and resource-efficient ...

  14. New Stream-Reach Hydropower Development

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    largely in the western U.S.-Washington, Idaho, Alaska, Oregon, Montana, Colorado, and California-with Kansas, Wyoming, Missouri, and Pennsylvania, leading the rest of the country. ...

  15. PROGRAM REACHES DIVERSE NORTH CAROLINA COMMUNITY | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Grant Program: Homeowners with an annual household income at or below 250% of the federal poverty level could participate in the Grant Program. Program staff recommended specific ...

  16. The Petrosix process reaches commercial stage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Novicki, R.E.M.

    1985-01-01

    This paper provides information and data on the present status of the Petrosix process, which has processed almost 4,000,000 tons of oil shale as of December 1984, in the 65 MTPH Irati prototype plant (UPI), attaining an operating factor of 92 percent. Based on the successful operation of the UPI and the proved reliability of the Petroxis process, Petrobras has decided to build a 260 MTPH industrial module (MI) with one retort. The assembling of this plant was initiated in 1983, and the operation startup is scheduled for 1987. Its construction and operation will allow optimizing of designs and will provide experience for commercial plants in the future.

  17. Stretch/Reach Codes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Transcript PDF icon Presentation More Documents & Publications Green Codes and Programs Low-to-No Cost Strategy for Energy Efficiency in Public Buildings Effective O&M Policy in ...

  18. Clean Cities Reaches Across the Sea

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clean Cities International collaborates with leaders from Kazakhstan and Sweden share best practices and accomplish mutual goals.

  19. DOE Reaches $5.3M Settlement

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The General Counsel's enforcement office settled an enforcement action against Whirlpool Corporation for $5,329,800.  Whirlpool agreed to the settlement after manufacturing and distributing...

  20. New Stream-Reach Hydropower Development

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solutions Require New Thinking America's demand for power threatens to overburden an already congested electric system. The U.S. Department of Energy is addressing these energy challenges with innovative solutions to energy generation. Its Renewable and Distributed Systems Integration (RDSI) Program is helping to alleviate congestion, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and improve reliability by investigating answers such as * Microgrid technologies * Distributed generation * Two-way communication

  1. Reaching New Limits with Solar Storage

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    One of the biggest challenges of large-scale deployment of solar energy is figuring out how to use it after the sun sets. SunShot Initiative awardees continuously work to explore new energy storage...

  2. Geothermal Data Repository Reaches 500 Submissions | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    All projects receiving GTO funding upload their raw data-ranging from well and drilling data to tested exploration methodologies-to the GDR. Ensuring access to the data is not just ...

  3. Hoover Police Fleet Reaches Alternative Fuel Milestone

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    When Tony Petelos became the mayor of Hoover in 2004, the police fleet was run down. Within the next year, Petelos, with support from the community, called for a big change: switch out the old police fleet with new, flexible-fueled vehicles.

  4. Reaching 100% Renewable Energy, City of Aspen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-08-01

    This brochure describes the analysis and process used by NREL to assist the City of Aspen in attaining its 100% renewable energy goal.

  5. Making Carbon Capture and Storage Efficient and Cost Competitive |

    Energy Savers

    Department of Energy Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site March 29, 2012 - 10:37am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the Energy Department announced it has reached a major milestone in the Department's efforts to clean up the Cold War legacy at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina, laying the groundwork for closing two underground storage tanks that previously held radioactive liquid waste

  6. Using dust as a servant of war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JiCong, N.

    1985-08-22

    All modern tank units are equipped with an apparatus that is capable of making or producing smoke. Smoke clouds are much more effective than dust clouds. However, regardless of whether a smoke round is fired from a launcher tube at the front top of the vehicle, or created using the exhaust system at the rear of the vehicle, both systems are located at a fixed point. The flow of dust can also be used to carry toxic chemical contaminants instead of just being used as a stream of falling particles. Biological and radiological contaminants and agents are also a possibility for use. Upon discovery of the occurrence of chemical attack, the contaminated materials or personnel could be covered with the dust particles and let these dust particles absorb the contaminants. Of course this can only be done externally.

  7. The Cold War comes to Y-12

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    on August 6, 1945 when the first atomic bomb used in warfare was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The material in that bomb came from Y-12. Oak Ridger's learned for the first time...

  8. War damages and reconstruction of Peruca dam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nonveiller, E.; Rupcic, J.; Sever, Z.

    1999-04-01

    The paper describes the heavy damages caused by blasting in the Peruca rockfill dam in Croatia in January 1993. Complete collapse of the dam by overtopping was prevented through quick action of the dam owner by dumping clayey gravel on the lowest sections of the dam crest and opening the bottom outlet of the reservoir, thus efficiently lowering the water level. After the damages were sufficiently established and alternatives for restoration of the dam were evaluated, it was decided to construct a diaphragm wall through the damaged core in the central dam part as the impermeable dam element and to rebuild the central clay core at the dam abutments. Reconstruction works are described.

  9. From Cold War to cold vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melrath, C.

    1996-09-01

    This article describes a former Soviet weapons plant which is converted to produce cryogenic vessels and other peaceful cylinders. In 1995, Byelocorp Scientific Inc. (BSI), a New York-based firm that specializes in transferring technologies developed in the former Soviet Union, began converting a huge military defense plant in Kazakhstan into civilian-industrial use. The nearly 750,000-square-foot factory in Almaty, the capital of the former Soviet republic, was previously used to manufacture torpedo shells and ballistic rocket casings. The old defense plant, which was known as Gidromash, will now manufacture cylinders of a kinder, gentler variety--cryogenic vessels. The Kazakhstan operation is being managed jointly with Supco Srl., an Italian manufacturing, engineering, and construction company. With financing from the US Department of Defense, BSI, Supco, and the Kazakhstan government, a new joint venture called Byelkamit (a combination of Byelocorp, Kazakhstan, America, and Italy) was established.

  10. Nuclear proliferation after the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiss, M.; Litwak, R.S.

    1994-01-01

    Today, former Soviet republics threaten to gain control over nuclear weapons sited on their territories, and reports on North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Iraq reveal current or recent weapon development programs. This document offers a timely assessment of the prospects for nuclear nonproliferation.

  11. Early steps in the Cold War

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    everyone agreed upon exactly what type bomb should be built. Even Robert Oppenheimer and Edward Teller, both leading scientists who were at the forefront of the nuclear age,...

  12. Capping blowouts from Iran's 8-year war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sayers, B. )

    1991-07-01

    Control well blown up by the Iraqi military were a 2 1/2 year legacy left the National Iranian Oil Co. at the end of this long conflict. This final installment of a 2-part series describes capping of the largest wind oil well.

  13. Weldon Spring Site Reaches New Milestones | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect Human Health and the Environment DSC0684.jpg ... cell, a 150-acre native prairie, educational gardens, and the Interpretive Center. ...

  14. Expanded "Green Button" Will Reach Federal Agencies and More...

    Energy Savers

    Today, 48 utilities and electricity suppliers serving more ... and transmitting energy-consumption information -- within ... The end goal will be to enter data into the Environmental ...

  15. MHK Projects/Third Reach District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Phase Phase 1 Project Installed Capacity (MW) 16 Main Overseeing Organization MARMC Enterprises LLC Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys <<...

  16. Milestone reached: Waste shipment leaves Los Alamos National...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ready." The 16 canisters each contain three 55-gallon drums filled with rags, tools, plastics, glassware, and other equipment used in enclosures known as "hot cells" at the...

  17. Marine Hybrid Propulsion Market Revenue is anticipated to Reach...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    ferry operators are the major adopters of marine hybrid propulsion systems across the world. These vessels primarily operate in coastal areas and inland waterways, where emission...

  18. Global expenditure on subsea manifolds is estimated to reach...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    demand. The global subsea manifold market is growing at a high pace as several oil and gas exploration companies working in offshore locations prefer installing subsea...

  19. Disposal Facility Reaches 15-Million-Ton Milestone | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    material in the facility, a volume of soil and debris that would fill Seattle's ... The landfill accepts contaminated soil, demolition debris and solid waste from cleanup ...

  20. Inventive Thinkers at NREL Reach Record Number - News Feature...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    The National Electrical Code was revised in 2014 to specify all live wires connected to a solar panel must be able to be shut off within five feet of the panel. Firefighters can...

  1. Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    a bio-oil intermediate into biofuel, making the conversion process expensive. Battelle's new process substantially reduces the cost and risk of biofuel production and helps make ...

  2. Wind Turbine Scaling Enables Projects to Reach New Heights |...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    chapter that focuses on trends in wind turbine nameplate capacity, hub height, rotor ... chapter that focuses on trends in wind turbine nameplate capacity, hub height, rotor ...

  3. DOE-Sponsored Syngas Cleanup Demonstration Project Reaches Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the syngas is burned in a combustion turbine to produce electricity, while excess heat from the combustion turbine is recovered to generate more electricity in a steam turbine. ...

  4. A new day: SWiFT reaches rotor mounting milestone

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, ... on one of its SWiFT wind turbines, a heavily modified ...

  5. Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan Extends the Reach of the West Virginia...

    Energy Savers

    ... Thus far, his team has conducted hybrid ESA-IAC assessments at two large plants-a copper melting facility and a steel galvanizing sheet facility. During the assessments, his ...

  6. Higgs, Binos and Gluinos: Split Susy within Reach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alves, Daniele S.M.; Izaguirre, Eder; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP

    2012-09-14

    Recent results from the LHC for the Higgs boson with mass between 142 GeV {approx}< m{sub h{sup 0}} {approx}< 147 GeV points to PeV-scale Split Supersymmetry. This article explores the consequences of a Higgs mass in this range and possible discovery modes for Split Susy. Moderate lifetime gluinos, with decay lengths in the 25 {micro}m to 10 yr range, are its imminent smoking gun signature. The 7TeV LHC will be sensitive to the moderately lived gluinos and trilepton signatures from direct electroweakino production. Moreover, the dark matter abundance may be obtained from annihilation through an s-channel Higgs resonance, with the LSP almost purely bino and mass m{sub {chi}{sub 1}{sup 0}} {approx_equal} 70 GeV. The Higgs resonance region of Split Susy has visible signatures in dark matter direct and indirect detection and electric dipole moment experiments. If the anomalies go away, the majority of Split Susy parameter space will be excluded.

  7. U.S., China Reach Agreement on Intellectual Property Protections...

    Energy Savers

    the Center. As the world's top energy consumers, energy producers and greenhouse gas ... to focus on the next generation of clean coal technologies, including carbon capture and ...

  8. EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Working with a complex architecture, the team was the first in the history of Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions to run a fuel cell vehicle in all the dynamic events during ...

  9. Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed...

    Energy Savers

    Donald Metzler, Moab Federal Project Director, (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, S&K Aerospace Public Affairs Manager, (970) 257-2145 Grand Junction, CO- The U.S. Department of Energy ...

  10. Energy Savers brochure reaches milestone and laboratory record

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Saver energysaver.gov Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home 3 Save Money and Energy Today Get started with things you can do now, and use the whole-house approach to ensure that your investments are wisely made to save you money and energy. 4 Your Home's Energy Use Find out how your home uses energy, and where it's losing the most energy so you can develop a plan to save in the short and long term. 7 Air Leaks and Insulation Seal air leaks and insulate your home properly so your energy

  11. Molecular Engineering of Conjugated Polymers to Reach Higher...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    You joined the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill as an Assistant Professor in Chemistry. He has been awarded the DuPont Young Professor Award (2008) and the NSF CAREER ...

  12. Oak Ridge Moves Closer to Reaching Vision 2016

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    OAK RIDGE, Tenn. – About 70 employees, community leaders, and local officials recently gathered to witness the completion of K-31 Building’s demolition at Oak Ridge’s East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), marking the removal of the fourth of five gaseous diffusion buildings at the former uranium enrichment site.

  13. Moab Reaches 40-Percent Mark in Tailings Removal

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    MOAB, Utah – The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project had a productive year, despite continued budget constraints and a first-ever, three-month curtailment of shipping operations last winter.

  14. DOE-Sponsored Syngas Cleanup Demonstration Project Reaches Development Milestone

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In a project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), a demonstration-scale application of RTI International’s warm synthesis gas (syngas) cleanup process technology has achieved a key operational milestone at Tampa Electric Company’s coal gasification plant in Polk County, Fla.

  15. The Smart Grid Experience: Applying Results, Reaching Beyond...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    gained in both the EPRI Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative and DOE's Smart Grid Investment Grant Program (SGIG) and Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP), with a focus on smart ...

  16. Salt Waste Contractor Reaches Contract Milestone | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Safety, Codes & Standards » Safety, Codes and Standards - Basics Safety, Codes and Standards - Basics Hydrogen has a long history of safe use in the chemical and aerospace industries. An understanding of hydrogen properties, proper safety precautions and engineering controls, and established rules, regulations, and standards are the keys to this successful track record. As the use of hydrogen and fuel cell systems expands, codes and standards will be needed to provide the information to

  17. SRS Recovery Act Program Reaches $1 Billion Mark: Investments...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    March 2, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Jim Giusti, DOE (803) 952-7697 ... David Moody, manager, U.S. DOE-Savannah River. "Advanced planning, regulatory and ...

  18. Quest for excellence 1996: Reaching for the stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schilling, D.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on the quest of producting total quality software without impacting production while exceeding all customer expectations.

  19. Rooftop Solar Challenge: Empowering Innovators to Reach for the...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Checkout the infogaphic for an overview of the first round of the Rooftop Solar Challenge. ... Checkout the infogaphic for an overview of the first round of the Rooftop Solar Challenge. ...

  20. Project Reach Completes Photographic Work in Room 7, Panel 7

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Business Operations » Project Management Coordination Office » Project Portfolio Oversight Project Portfolio Oversight The Project Management Coordination Office (PMCO) provides oversight and risk management of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) project portfolio, including base-funded, Recovery Act and Congressionally Directed Projects. Goals and Priorities Complete the orderly closeout and de-obligation of EERE's Recovery Act portfolio. Regularly work with the EERE

  1. Tunable Laser Reaches Record Power Level | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    This technology offers two commanding cost advantages for FELs. The laser can stay on 100 percent of the time instead of only the 1 percent or 2 percent current FELs are capable ...

  2. MOAB PROJECT REACHES SIGNIFICANT MILESTONE | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Moab, UT - One quarter of the uranium mill tailings pile located in Moab, Utah, has been ... Four million tons of the total 16 million tons has been relocated under the Uranium Mill ...

  3. Construction on Pantex High Explosives Pressing Facility Reaches...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Established by Congress in 2000, NNSA is a semi-autonomous agency within the U.S. Department of Energy responsible for enhancing national security through the military application ...

  4. EERE Success Story-Open-Source Testing Reaches New Milestone...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    WEC-Sim is a numerical code developed specifically to model the multi-body dynamics and power performance of wave energy converters when subject to operational and extreme waves. ...

  5. Supercomputers Help a Catalyst Reach its Full Potential

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemical reactions facilitated by catalysts are crucial to many industrial processes. In fertilizer production, chemical companies combine copious amounts of molecular hydrogen ...

  6. US, Russian reach agreement on sale of nuclear weapons material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lockwood, D.

    1993-03-01

    As part of the Safety, Security, and Dismantlement (SSD) talks, the USA and Russia on February 18, 1993 signed an agreement committing the USA to purchase, over the next 20 years, 500 metric tons of highly-enriched uranium (HEU) extracted from former USSR nuclear warheads. The process will not actually begin until a detailed contract is negotiated and arrangements are agreed, on a bilateral basis, between Russia and Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine on the division of the proceeds.

  7. Five More States Reach Major Recovery Act Weatherization Milestone...

    Energy Savers

    Now that New Hampshire, New Mexico, Montana, Minnesota, and Utah have each met this target, along with completing a series of monitoring and reporting milestones, the states will ...

  8. SRS Reaches Significant Milestone with Waste Tank Closure

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) achieved a significant milestone with the operational closure of tanks 18 and 19, meeting a federal agreement before the December 31, 2012, deadline.

  9. MHK Projects/Helena Reach Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    34.5795, -90.5722 Project Phase Phase 1 Project Installed Capacity (MW) 0 PermitLicense Buildout (MW) 152 Device Nameplate Capacity (MW) 40 kW Number of Devices Deployed 0...

  10. Reaching New Heights in Accelerator Technology | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    many of the most compelling questions of the 21st century - regarding the fundamental nature of matter, energy, space and time, dark matter, dark energy, and extra dimensions. ...

  11. Turkey Marine Lubricants Market is Expected to Reach USD 177...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    are primarily categorized into seven different applications including engine oils, hydraulic oils, grease, turbine oils, gear oils, compressor oils and heat transfer fluids....

  12. NREL: Wind Research - New Wind Resource Maps Reach Higher Heights

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    capacity map at a 140-meter hub height. Photo courtesy of WINDExchange August 11, 2015 The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and AWS Truepower LLC recently released maps...

  13. DOE Reaches Settlements with Three Commercial Refrigeration Equipment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    As a part of the settlement, Victory Refrigeration paid a civil penalty of 1,600 after manufacturing and distributing 8 units of commercial refrigerator-freezer model RFS-1D-S1-EW...

  14. DOE Reaches $1.9M Settlement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hicon International Industry Company, Ltd. for 1,927,097. Ningbo Hicon is a Chinese company that manufactures consumer refrigeration products for a variety of private labelers. ...

  15. DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Noncompliant A high-pressure water cannon is used to control dust for the demolition of the X-600 Steam Plant. Workers Demolish Coal-fired Steam Plant at EM's Portsmouth Site

  16. DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator...

    Energy Savers

    ... ENERGY STAR is a joint DOE-EPA program, formed in 1992 as a voluntary, market-based partnership that seeks to reduce air pollution through increased energy efficiency. DOE and ...

  17. Berkeley Lab and NERSC Reach Out to Women in Computing

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    few inroads into high performance computing, according to a recent HPC Wire editorial. Berkeley Lab is working to increase the number of women in computer science and HPC...

  18. Green energy mansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idaho National Laboratory - Jon Lear, Kerry Klingler

    2008-03-26

    Researcher Kerry Klingler extended the reach of INL energy innovations to include consulting with both the new owners of a Civil War-era mansion in downtown Salt Lake City and the city's mayor.

  19. Energy Media Advisories | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department has reached a major milestone in the Department's efforts to clean up the Cold War legacy at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina. March 23, 2012...

  20. Energy Department Announces Achievement of Major Cleanup Milestone at Savannah River Site

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Today, the Department of Energy reached a major milestone in efforts to clean up the Cold War legacy at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina, and took a step forward to closing additional radioactive tanks at the site

  1. Green energy mansion

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Idaho National Laboratory - Jon Lear, Kerry Klingler

    2010-01-08

    Researcher Kerry Klingler extended the reach of INL energy innovations to include consulting with both the new owners of a Civil War-era mansion in downtown Salt Lake City and the city's mayor.

  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    the Cold War. They have never pondered the fact that today hundreds of Russian thermonuclear-armed missiles could reach U.S. cities in less time than it takes to have a pizza...

  3. The Cold War approaches and Y-12s workload grows

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    next round of atomic weapons after the Gadget (the Trinity Test), Little Boy (dropped on Hiroshima) and Fat Man (dropped on Nagasaki). But, this would soon change. Y-12's role in...

  4. Rosebud Sioux Tribe - Owl Feather War Bonnet Wind Farm

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Anticipated Time Lines * Nov. 2005, Complete NEPA and Submit to BIA * Dec. 2005 Obtain Power Purchase Agreement * Jan 2006, BIA issues FONSI * Nov. 05- Jan 2006, Dev. financial structure, LLC and secure RST Tribal approval * Dec.05- Feb 2006, Engage Investors/Rural Utilities Service, USDA, Secure Loan, Est. Proj. Costs 46 million * July 2006 Construction underway * Dec 2006 Wind farm on line Old Bristow Ranch Met tower Tribal lands North Antelope Met Tower Tribal lands

  5. Rosebud Sioux Tribe - Owl Feather War Bonnet Wind Farm

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Artist

  6. Post World War II missions emerge for Y-12

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Sciences." "Under Hollaender, Bill and Liane Russell started a large-scale mouse-genetics project in 1947. They began to build up special mouse strains for study of the...

  7. Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    that standpoint." Over a third of the population in San Luis Valley lives below the poverty line. Temperatures range from 90 degrees in the summer to 30 degrees below zero in...

  8. The Power of Choice ? Cold War Patriots Day of Remembrance

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Y-12 New Hope Center on October 28, 2011. This facility is provided by the Y-12 National Security Complex to 501 (C) 3 organizations (a damage deposit of 500 is required) to use...

  9. Energy history chronology from World War II to the present

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, P.C.

    1982-08-01

    This report provides a basic guide to the major Presidential, Legislative, Judicial, and Federal agency actions relating to energy policy, research, development, and regulation in recent years. The chronology is arranged synoptically, allowing users to reference easily the historical context in which each event occurred. Summaries of Presidential, Legislative, and Judicial actions relating to energy, rosters of federal energy officials, and a genealogy of federal energy agencies are also provided in separate appendices. The Energy History Chronology was prepared in conjunction with the History Division's series of pamphlets on the Institutional Origins of the Department of Energy. The series includes concise histories of the Department of Energy, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Federal Energy Administration, and the Atomic Energy Commission. All significant events and achievements noted in the institutional history are also listed.

  10. Hawaii Well Abandonment Report Form (DLNR Form WAR) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Notice Form Topic Well Abandonment Report Organization State of Hawaii Commission on Water Resource Management Published Publisher Not Provided, 012008 DOI Not Provided Check...

  11. Power Builds Ships Northwest Hydropower Helps Win World War II

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Volume One Film Collection Volume Two 75th Anniversary Hydropower in the Northwest Woody Guthrie Videos Strategic Direction Branding & Logos Power of the River History Book...

  12. In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon From Thawing Permafrost Wins

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of the National Museum of African Art Dr. Cole Discuss the Art of Science | Department of Energy In Celebration of Black History Month, Energy Secretary Moniz and Director of the National Museum of African Art Dr. Cole Discuss the Art of Science In Celebration of Black History Month, Energy Secretary Moniz and Director of the National Museum of African Art Dr. Cole Discuss the Art of Science February 23, 2015 - 1:50am Addthis News Media Contact 202 586 4940 RSVP@hq.doe.gov In Celebration of

  13. Afghan Sees Opportunity in Nation's Recovery from War - News...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dominique Lallement, manager of the World Bank's Energy Sector Management Assistance ... Running concurrently with the Congress, the Energy Technology Expo in the Colorado ...

  14. HewlettandHollAtomsforPeaceandWarPicturesOnly.pdf

    Energy Savers

    Headquarters Occupational Health Clinics Headquarters Occupational Health Clinics The Department of Energy recognizes the importance of maintaining a healthy and fit Federal workforce. To that end, our occupational health care professionals at the Headquarters Occupational Health Clinics in Forrestal and Germantown provide the following services: Walk-in care. Assessment, nursing care and follow-up for minor illnesses and injuries on a walk-in basis. First-response. Emergency treatment to any

  15. The Power of Choice ? Cold War Patriots Day of Remembrance...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    and went to the messy hole in the floor and with his bare hands and that small amount of water, he cleaned the feces from the floor and the hole. The rest of the prisoners grew...

  16. Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    with the experience of an adventurous summer as a fellow in the DOE Scholars Program, an opportunity to explore the agency's careers and learn about its mission and operations. ...

  17. War on waste: Can America win its battle with garbage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blumberg, L.; Gottlieb, R.

    1989-12-01

    This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the solid waste problem and the major alternatives for a solution to the crisis.

  18. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    A massive gantry crane system was erected to hoist the one-piece structure on the tractor trailer. Premier Technology, a small business located in nearby Blackfoot, Idaho, ...

  19. Y-12s takes on the Cold War

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    era of constant low-grade fear and worry punctuated by unforgettable moments of sheer terror." Salman describes the powerful position the Soviet Union seemed to hold when Nikita...

  20. The New Era: NOCs Reach Out for Resources Bob Fryklund, IHS Energy

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    supply and market impacts of US unconventional oil production growth Andrew Slaughter, Vice-President, Energy Insight, IHS Presentation to EIA 2013 Energy Conference June 18 th 2013 Washington, DC CONFIDENTIAL © 2013, All rights reserved, IHS CERA., 55 Cambridge Parkway, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142 No portion of this presentation may be reproduced, reused or otherwise distributed in any form without prior written consent. Copyright © 2013HS Inc. All Rights Reserved. 1 Today's Themes * US

  1. Sensitivity Reach of the Neutron EDM Experiment: The Electric Field Strength

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hennings-Yeomans, R.; Cooper, M.; Currie, S. A.; Makela, M. F.; Ramsey, J. C.; Tajima, S.; Womack, T. L.; Long, J. C.; Stanislaus, S.

    2010-08-04

    The search for an electric dipole moment of the neutron tests physics beyond the Standard Model such as new sources of CP-violation and Supersymmetry. The nEDM experiment aims to improve the sensitivity on the current limit of the electric dipole moment of the neutron to <10{sup -27} e{center_dot}cm. The experiment will use a flux of Ultra Cold Neutrons (UCNs) produced and stored in a bath of superfluid He-II. A change in precession frequency is expected for a non-zero EDM when an electric field is applied parallel and antiparallel to a magnetic field across the neutron storage cell. A dominant parameter in terms of reducing the statistical uncertainty of this measurement is the strength of the applied electric field. An experiment to measure if superfluid He-II can sustain up to 50 kV/cm for a volume and electrode spacings comparable to the nEDM experiment has been constructed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. It consists in a large-area parallel plate capacitor immersed in a 200 liter central volume inside a suitable cryostat that in turn is connected to a dilution refrigerator unit. A description of test runs and the status of the experiment is presented.

  2. Recovery Act Workers at Y-12 Reach Two Years of Work with No Injuries

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Workers at Oak Ridge’s Y-12 National Security Complex recently celebrated achieving two years of Recovery Act work without a lost workday injury.

  3. The Smart Grid Experience: Applying Results, Reaching Beyond- Summary of Conference Proceedings (December 2014)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    An EPRI-DOE conference in October 2014 featured results from field experience gained in both the EPRI Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative and DOE’s Smart Grid Investment Grant Program (SGIG) and Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP), with a focus on smart grid successes, surprises, and challenges. Utility presentations and panel discussions covered a variety of topics such as technology readiness, customer responses, and future directions and possibilities for grid modernization. There were nine panel presentations and discussions. This report summarizes the information presented during the conference and the key points raised during the group discussions that followed the presentation sessions.

  4. Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    More Documents & Publications SuperTruck Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer SuperTruck Development and Demonstration of a ...

  5. Savannah River Site 2012 Outlook: Transuranic Waste Program Set to Safely Reach Milestone

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    AIKEN, S.C. – In 2012, the Savannah River Site (SRS) is scheduled to achieve a milestone by completing processing of 5,000 cubic meters of legacy transuranic (TRU) waste for shipment to a safe, permanent disposal facility.

  6. NNSA Reaches Important Milestone with B61-12 Life Extension Program...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    N.M. and Livermore, Calif.; and the nuclear security enterprise production plants, including the Kansas City National Security Campus in Missouri; the Pantex Plant in ...

  7. Reaching for Peak Performance in Existing Homes A Cold Climate Study With Synergy Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gates, C.; Osser, R.

    2011-12-01

    Two test homes located in Millbury and Somerville, MA, are examined with the goal of providing case studies that could be applied to other similar New England homes. The retrofit process for the enclosure and mechanical systems are examined in detail and the decision-making process is discussed.

  8. Unsteady flow model of Priest Rapids Dam releases at Hanford Reach, Columbia River, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sneider, S.C.; Skaggs, R.L.

    1983-02-01

    A model was developed to simulate water levels at three locations on the Columbia River between Priest Rapids Dam River Mile 396.1 (River Kilometer 639.0) and River Mile 361.50 (River Kilometer 581.7). The model was calibrated and verified over a range of flows. The results of calibration and verification indicate that the model, with reasonable accuracy, simulates stages to within +-0.08 m (+- 0.25 ft) and surface wave timing to within +-20 min. The model can be used by researchers, river system managers, planners, and decision makers as a tool to predict fluctuating water levels at locations downstream of dams. Data produced by the model can be used to evaluate and quantify possible impacts on aquatic organisms, water supply, navigation, irrigation, recreation, and additional hydropower enhancement. Although the results of this model calibrationand the model simulations presented are site-specific, the methodology is generic. Therefore, the model can be adapted to reflect dam discharges and resulting river flows at other river systems affected by water-level fluctuations.

  9. Xcel Energy- Residential and Hard-to-Reach Standard Offer Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note that Xcel Energy provides the incentive directly to the Project Sponsor, who then determines what to do with the incentive payment. Charges vary by Project Sponsor and no incentives are paid...

  10. Biomass Boiler Market is Projected to Reach USD 8,907.0 Million...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Naval SpA, Hurst Boiler & Welding Co, Inc., Jernforsen Energi System AB, Justsen Energiteknik AS, Kohlbach Group, LAMBION Energy Solutions GmbH, Leroux & Lotz Technologies,...

  11. Faculty and Student Teams and National Laboratories: Expanding the Reach of Research Opportunities and Workforce Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackburn,N.; White, K.; Stegman, M.

    2009-08-05

    The Faculty and Student Teams (FaST) Program, a cooperative effort between the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science and the National Science Foundation (NSF), brings together collaborative research teams composed of a researcher at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and a faculty member with two or three undergraduate students from a college or university. Begun by the Department of Energy in 2000 with the primary goal of building research capacity at a faculty member's home institution, the FaST Program focuses its recruiting efforts on faculty from colleges and universities with limited research facilities and those institutions that serve populations under-represented in the fields of science, engineering and technology, particularly women and minorities. Once assembled, a FaST team spends a summer engaged in hands-on research working alongside a laboratory scientist. This intensely collaborative environment fosters sustainable relationships between the faulty members and BNL that allow faculty members and their BNL colleagues to submit joint proposals to federal agencies, publish papers in peer-reviewed journals, reform local curriculum, and develop new or expand existing research labs at their home institutions.

  12. Hanford Reach Fall Chinook Redd Monitoring Report for Calendar Year 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindsey, Cole T.; Nugent, John J.

    2014-02-10

    The U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) conducts ecological monitoring on the Hanford Site to collect and track data needed to ensure compliance with an array of environmental laws, regulations, and policies governing DOE activities. Ecological monitoring data provide baseline information about the plants, animals, and habitat under DOE-RL stewardship at Hanford required for decision-making under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). The Hanford Site Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP, DOE/EIS-0222-F) which is the Environmental Impact Statement for Hanford Site activities, helps ensure that DOE-RL, its contractors, and other entities conducting activities on the Hanford Site are in compliance with NEPA.

  13. Low-Interest Rates Entice Philadelphians to Reach for the Stars...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    For example, "Gold Star" projects, which are guided by an energy assessment and consist of ... As an alternative to the Gold Star level, the Silver Star allows homeowners to initiate ...

  14. Its Academic: BetterBuildings for Michigan Partners With University to Reach Employees

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Abridged transcript of an interview with Grand Valley State University (GVSU) about the successful partnership with two BetterBuildings for Michigan leaders: Mary Templeton, program manager, and Selma Tucker, Grand Rapids regional coordinator.

  15. Has sempra found El Dorado in solar PVs? grid parity may now be within reach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-03-15

    Instead of using conventional polycrystalline silicon modules that turn sunlight into electricity, these solar panels use cadmium telluride, a lower-cost semiconductor manufactured into thin-film cells that are cheaper to manufacture than their silicon-based counterparts. Electricity is being produced at costs as low as 7.5 {cents}/kWh.

  16. Microsoft Word - NA-02-29 NIF reaches milestone.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    weapons as well as for inertial fusion energy production for future energy security. ... components and optics, power conditioning system, diagnostics, and computer controls. ...

  17. SNS target reaches end-of-life (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    This is the third change out of the target vessel; it is an expected event and took about ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 36 ...

  18. Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sonata Plug In Large Tesla Model S Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid Mercedes S550 Plug Standard SUV Porsche Cayenne S E-hybrid Volvo-XC90 Plug In Tesla Model X BMW X5 Fact 930 ...

  19. EERE Success Story-Energy Efficient Windows to Reach Market Quicker...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and multiple panes, thin film coatings, and special gas fills between the panes, while selecting for other properties, such as transmittance of visible light and solar heat gain. ...

  20. Improved WIMP-search reach of the CDMS II germanium data

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Agnese, R.

    2015-10-12

    CDMS II data from the five-tower runs at the Soudan Underground Laboratory were reprocessed with an improved charge-pulse fitting algorithm. Two new analysis techniques to reject surface-event backgrounds were applied to the 612 kg days germanium-detector weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-search exposure. An extended analysis was also completed by decreasing the 10 keV analysis threshold to ~5 keV, to increase sensitivity near a WIMP mass of 8 GeV/c2. After unblinding, there were zero candidate events above a deposited energy of 10 keV and six events in the lower-threshold analysis. This yielded minimum WIMP-nucleon spin-independent scattering cross-section limits of 1.8×10–44 andmore » 1.18×10–41 at 90% confidence for 60 and 8.6 GeV/c2 WIMPs, respectively. This improves the previous CDMS II result by a factor of 2.4 (2.7) for 60 (8.6) GeV/c2 WIMPs.« less

  1. Improved WIMP-search reach of the CDMS II germanium data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnese, R.

    2015-10-12

    CDMS II data from the five-tower runs at the Soudan Underground Laboratory were reprocessed with an improved charge-pulse fitting algorithm. Two new analysis techniques to reject surface-event backgrounds were applied to the 612 kg days germanium-detector weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-search exposure. An extended analysis was also completed by decreasing the 10 keV analysis threshold to ~5 keV, to increase sensitivity near a WIMP mass of 8 GeV/c2. After unblinding, there were zero candidate events above a deposited energy of 10 keV and six events in the lower-threshold analysis. This yielded minimum WIMP-nucleon spin-independent scattering cross-section limits of 1.8×10–44 and 1.18×10–41 at 90% confidence for 60 and 8.6 GeV/c2 WIMPs, respectively. This improves the previous CDMS II result by a factor of 2.4 (2.7) for 60 (8.6) GeV/c2 WIMPs.

  2. Improved WIMP-search reach of the CDMS II germanium data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnese, R.

    2015-10-12

    CDMS II data from the five-tower runs at the Soudan Underground Laboratory were reprocessed with an improved charge-pulse fitting algorithm. Two new analysis techniques to reject surface-event backgrounds were applied to the 612 kg days germanium-detector weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-search exposure. An extended analysis was also completed by decreasing the 10 keV analysis threshold to ~5 keV, to increase sensitivity near a WIMP mass of 8 GeV/c2. After unblinding, there were zero candidate events above a deposited energy of 10 keV and six events in the lower-threshold analysis. This yielded minimum WIMP-nucleon spin-independent scattering cross-section limits of 1.81044 and 1.181041 at 90% confidence for 60 and 8.6 GeV/c2 WIMPs, respectively. This improves the previous CDMS II result by a factor of 2.4 (2.7) for 60 (8.6) GeV/c2 WIMPs.

  3. Changing the Way We Fly: Biofuels Made from Waste Gases Reaching New

    Energy Savers

    Efficient Future | Department of Energy Changing the Climate: Looking Towards a More Cost Effective, Energy Efficient Future Changing the Climate: Looking Towards a More Cost Effective, Energy Efficient Future November 18, 2008 - 4:58pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy are helping states lead the way in an effort to promote low cost energy efficiency. More than 60 energy, environmental and state policy leaders from across the

  4. EERE Success Story-Aviation Biofuel Milestone Reached: 5 Gallons of Jet

    Energy Savers

    Partnership | Department of Energy Algenol Announces Commercial Algal Ethanol Fuel Partnership EERE Success Story-Algenol Announces Commercial Algal Ethanol Fuel Partnership October 21, 2015 - 10:35am Addthis Algenol is a company located in Fort Myers, FL that is working with its unique photosynthetic algae to take carbon dioxide that is in the atmosphere and produce a variety of affordable and sustainable biofuels. The scale-up of this work by Algenol was funded in part by the U.S.

  5. Reaching for Peak Performance in Existing Homes -- A Cold Climate Study With Synergy Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gates, C.; Osser, R.

    2011-12-01

    Two test homes located in Millbury and Somerville, MA are examined with the goal of providing case studies that could be applied to other similar New England homes. The retrofit process for the enclosure and mechanical systems are examined in detail and the decision-making process is discussed.

  6. Project W-340 long reach arm retrieval system balance of plant instrumentation workshop engineering study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, T.C.

    1994-01-01

    This engineering study documents the results of a workshop held to resolve Issue No. 26 generated at a Arm Based Retrieval Functional Analysis Value Engineering Session. The issue deals with the scope of the Balance of Plant Instrumentation needs for the LRARS.

  7. West Valley Demonstration Project Contractor Reaches 2 Million Safe Work Hours

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    WEST VALLEY, N.Y. – EM’s West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) contractor CH2M HILL BWXT West Valley (CHBWV) and its subcontractors achieved this month 2 million safe work hours without a lost-time accident over the past 30 months

  8. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Gelman, R.; Bird, L.

    2014-09-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  9. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Bird, L.; Gelman, R.

    2014-10-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  10. Turbines Market is Expected to Reach USD 191.87 Billion by 2020...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    reaction turbines, the feed material e.g. air in case of wind turbines and rivers or dams in case of hydropower ones, goes 'through' the blades to drive the turbine. Currently,...

  11. Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed- Waste Disposal Mark Shows Success Cleaning Up River Corridor

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, Wash. – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors have disposed of 15 million tons of contaminated material at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF) since the facility began operations in 1996.

  12. Improved WIMP-search reach of the CDMS II germanium data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnese, R.; Anderson, A. J.; Asai, M.; Balakishiyeva, D.; Barker, D.; Basu Thakur, R.; Bauer, D. A.; Billard, J.; Borgland, A.; Bowles, M. A.; Brandt, D.; Brink, P. L.; Bunker, R.; Cabrera, B.; Caldwell, D. O.; Calkins, R.; Cerdeno, D. G.; Chagani, H.; Chen, Y.; Cooley, J.; Cornell, B.; Crewdson, C. H.; Cushman, Priscilla B.; Daal, M.; Di Stefano, P. C.; Doughty, T.; Esteban, L.; Fallows, S.; Figueroa-Feliciano, E.; Godfrey, G. L.; Golwala, S. R.; Hall, Jeter C.; Harris, H. R.; Hertel, S. A.; Hofer, T.; Holmgren, D.; Hsu, L.; Huber, M. E.; Jardin, D. M.; Jastram, A.; Kamaev, O.; Kara, B.; Kelsey, M. H.; Kennedy, A.; Kiveni, M.; Koch, K.; Leder, A.; Loer, B.; Lopez Asamar, E.; Lukens, P.; Mahapatra, R.; Mandic, V.; McCarthy, K. A.; Mirabolfathi, N.; Moffatt, R. A.; Oser, S. M.; Page, K.; Page, W. A.; Partridge, R.; Pepin, M.; Phipps, A.; Prasad, K.; Pyle, M.; Qiu, H.; Rau, W.; Redl, P.; Reisetter, A.; Ricci, Y.; Rogers, H. E.; Saab, T.; Sadoulet, B.; Sander, J.; Schneck, K.; Schnee, R. W.; Scorza, S.; Serfass, B.; Shank, B.; Speller, D.; Toback, D.; Upadhyayula, S.; Villano, A. N.; Welliver, B.; Wilson, J. S.; Wright, D. H.; Yang, X.; Yellin, S.; Yen, J. J.; Young, B. A.; Zhang, J.

    2015-10-31

    CDMS II data from the five-tower runs at the Soudan Underground Laboratory were reprocessed with an improved charge-pulse fitting algorithm. Two new analysis techniques to reject surface-event backgrounds were applied to the 612 kg days germanium-detector weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-search exposure. An extended analysis was also completed by decreasing the 10 keV analysis threshold to ~5 keV, to increase sensitivity near a WIMP mass of 8 GeV/c2. After unblinding, there were zero candidate events above a deposited energy of 10 keV and six events in the lower-threshold analysis. This yielded minimum WIMP-nucleon spin-independent scattering cross-section limits of 1.8×10-44 and 1.18×10-41 at 90% confidence for 60 and 8.6 GeV/c2 WIMPs, respectively. This improves the previous CDMS II result by a factor of 2.4 (2.7) for 60 (8.6) GeV/c2 WIMPs.

  13. On an experimental curiosity that if undetected may lead to erroneous far-reaching conclusions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noninski, V.C.; Ciottone, J.L.; White, P.J.

    1997-03-01

    This letter gives a brief discussion of the possibilities of inducing nuclear effects by carrying out only chemical reactions. Undoubtedly, this interest is a result of the still unresolved problem of `cold fusion,` and some colleagues tend to see a clear connection, and even an extension of the studies, between cold fusion and the alleged chemical transmutation of elements. While we have already published thorough reports (negative so far) of our studies with regard to the claimed increase of gamma-ray emission and beta decay after burning of a mixture of chemicals, this letter informs the Fusion Technology readership of an experimental curiosity that is encountered during similar studies that initially led us to an erroneous conclusion. As in previous studies, we compared certain radiochemical properties of a mixture of chemicals before and after a chemical reaction (burning). Under discussion here is a peak that we observed in the range of 412 keV in the gamma spectrum in one of the burned samples after neutron activating it for 3 min at 1 kW. This peak was ostensibly not present in the same sample unburned. 4 refs., 2 figs.

  14. Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Residential, Hard-to-Reach,...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Insulation Windows Other EE Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator Texas-New Mexico Power Company Website http:www.tnmpefficiency.com State Texas Program Type Rebate...

  15. SRNS Brings College Within Reach for Local Students through $50,000 Donation

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    AIKEN, S.C. – The management and operations contractor for the EM program at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is partnering with Aiken Technical College (ATC) to help students pay college debt.

  16. EERE Success Story—Energy Efficient Windows to Reach Market Quicker with New Tool

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    About 10% of the energy used in U.S. buildings—approximately 4 quads per year—compensates for energy lost through windows. To address this inefficiency, architects, engineers, and home-builders are...

  17. Recovery Act Helps Y-12 Exceed Cleanup Goal at Manhattan Project-Era Building

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Beta 4, one of the oldest and largest buildings at the Y-12 National Security Complex, recently reached a significant cleanup milestone. The second floor of the building, more than 82,000 square feet, has been cleared of large equipment and waste from Cold War operations.

  18. Architectural Framework for Addressing Legacy Waste from the Cold War - 13611

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Love, Gregory A.; Glazner, Christopher G.; Steckley, Sam

    2013-07-01

    We present an architectural framework for the use of a hybrid simulation model of enterprise-wide operations used to develop system-level insight into the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) environmental cleanup of legacy nuclear waste at the Savannah River Site. We use this framework for quickly exploring policy and architectural options, analyzing plans, addressing management challenges and developing mitigation strategies for DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM). The socio-technical complexity of EM's mission compels the use of a qualitative approach to complement a more a quantitative discrete event modeling effort. We use this model-based analysis to pinpoint pressure and leverage points and develop a shared conceptual understanding of the problem space and platform for communication among stakeholders across the enterprise in a timely manner. This approach affords the opportunity to discuss problems using a unified conceptual perspective and is also general enough that it applies to a broad range of capital investment/production operations problems. (authors)

  19. Post-Cold War Effects on the Non-proliferation Regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kessler, Carol E.

    2006-03-31

    This journal article analyzes nuclear and security related events of the past 15 years to illustrate the changes in geopolitics and the shifting balance of power following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Reflection upon these events establishes the context for strengthening the nonproliferation regime. The author concludes that post Soviet communism hastened the movement towards a unipolar system with hegemonic power vested in the United States, and this geopolitical imbalance fostered insecurities and greater threats. Multilateral cooperation and commitment from the US would help this leader achieve its goal of security through increased global confidence in the international system.

  20. On the Front Lines of the Cold War Los Alamos 1970-1992 (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research Org: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Sponsoring Org: DOELANL Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: General & Miscellaneous(99); Military ...

  1. The Cold War ends ... now what? | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    a conference of the Gorbachev Foundation of North America, an organization created by Gorbachev and focused on strengthening and spreading democracy and economic liberalization. ...

  2. Atoms for peace and war, 1953-1961: Eisenhower and the Atomic Energy Commission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hewlett, Richard G.; Holl, Jack M.

    1989-12-01

    This third volume in the official history of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission covers the years of the Eisenhower Administration.

  3. The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Power Company decided to award Westinghouse -- who had licensed Tesla's polyphase AC induction motor patent -- the contract to generate power from Niagara Falls. Although some...

  4. Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War Footprint

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Hanford Site is looking greener these days after American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers revegetated 166 acres across 12 waste sites, planting over 1,100 pounds of seeds and about 280...

  5. Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    empty space-maybe (ScienceAAAS) The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" Lab scientist says 'The Martian' mostly accurate More Related Articles All Stories ...

  6. Energy for the War Fighter: The Department of Defense Operational Energy Strategy

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The money we spend on energy not only costs the taxpayer, it costs the warfighter.To address this, the Operational Energy Strategy outlines the three principal ways to a stronger force: changing our demand for energy, our supply of energy, and changing the force itself.

  7. DEMOLISHING A COLD-WAR-ERA FUEL STORAGE BASIN SUPERSTRUCTURE LADEN WITH ASBESTOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LLOYD ER; ORGILL TK; DAGAN EB

    2008-11-25

    The K East (KE) Basin facilities are located near the north end of the Hanford Site's 100 K area. The facilities were built in 1950 as part of the KE Reactor complex and constructed within 400 meters of the Columbia River, which is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest and by volume the fourth largest river in the United States. The basin, located adjacent to the reactor, was used for the underwater storage of irradiated nuclear fuel discharged from the reactor. The basin was covered by a superstructure comprising steel columns and beams, concrete, and cement asbestos board (CAB) siding. The project's mission was to complete demolition of the structure over the K East basin within six months of tumover from facility deactivation activities. The demolition project team implemented open-air demolition techniques to demolish the facility to slab-on-grade. Several innovative techniques were used to control contamination and maintain contamination control within the confines of the demolition exclusion zone. The techniques, which focused on a defense-in-depth approach, included spraying fixatives on interior and exterior surfaces before demolition began; applying fixatives; misting using a fine spray of water during demolition; and demolishing the facility systematically. Another innovation that aided demolition was to demolish the building with the non-friable CAB remaining in place. The CAB siding covered the exterior of the building, portions of the interior walls, and was an integral part of the multiple layered roof. The project evaluated the risks involved in removing the CAB material in a radiologically contaminated environment and determined that radiological dose rates and exposure to radiological contamination and industrial hazards would be significantly reduced by removing the CAB during demolition using heavy equipment. The ability to perform this demolition safely and without spreading contamination (radiological or asbestos) demonstrates that similar open-air demolition ofcontaminated structures can be performed successfully.

  8. Destruction of nuclear energy facilities in war: the problem and the implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramberg, B.

    1980-01-01

    This book examines current practices, policies, and regulations concerning nuclear energy in the light of potential sabotage. Dr. Ramberg explains clearly, for both the lay reader and the technical community, the vulnerabilities of different sorts of nuclear facilities. In a case-by-case analysis of countries using or building nuclear power plants, he outlines the strategic hazards of these facilities. The safety of thousands could depend on such volatile factors as the psychological sensitivity of national leaders and the direction of the wind. A combination of engineering changes, use of alternative forms of energy to limit nuclear proliferation, and changes in international law could lessen these risks. Finally, Dr. Ramberg suggests specific national and international guidelines for monitoring nuclear exports.

  9. The political economy of retail wheeling, or how to not re-fight the last war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, A.; Kihm, S.

    1994-04-01

    Disparities in utility rates - observably the result of poor supply-side resource planning - have been small before and will be small once again. Retail wheeling`s promise of short-run gains for a few would, ironically, destroy integrated resource processes in place today that guard against a repeat of yesterday`s planning mistakes. The authors argue that retail wheeling is a troubling answer to a mis-diagnosis of yesterday`s problem. They believe that a variety of other policies offer most of the benefits and few of the risks that retail wheeling poses. These include aggressive wholesale competition, judicious pruning of uneconomic capacity, and serious incorporation of environmental risks into utility planning and regulation.

  10. War without end. Michel T. Halbouty's fight for American energy security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donahue, J.

    1987-01-01

    In these pages are the drama and tension of Halbouty's role as ''Ronald Reagan's Energy Guru'' - his leadership of Candidate Reagan's Energy Policy Advisory group and President-Elect Reagan's Transition Team on Energy. His creation and direction of the Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, an organization that has advanced exploration and development of the total energy and mineral wealth of the nations fronting the Pacific, and is credited with creating a rapport between them that the U.S. State Department could not have established. His work on behalf of Indian tribes whose oil lands had been systematically plundered for 20 years. His fight against oil companies' ''Retrenchment'' programs and the so-called ''Corporate Raiders.'' His struggle against an ''Oil Import Tax,'' which he reasoned would be detrimental to America's economy and security. His strong advocacy of his plan to make America energy self-sufficient and free her from OPEC bondage. His enduring affection for and the benefactions of his Alma Mater, Texas A and M University, and students he found worthy of support. His confrontations with and his opinions of the world's ''movers and shakers'' and their varying philosophies. And a potpourri of thoughts, ideas and sentiments of an American original who became a legend in his own time.

  11. A Cold War Battlefield: Frenchman Flat Historic District, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, William Gray; Holz, Barbara A; Jones, Robert

    2000-08-01

    This report provides the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office with the documentation necessary to establish the Frenchman Flat Historic District on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It includes a list of historic properties that contribute to the eligibility of the district for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and provides contextual information establishing its significance. The list focuses on buildings, structures and features associated with the period of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons on the NTS between 1951 and 1962. A total of 157 locations of buildings and structures were recorded of which 115 are considered to be eligible for the NRHP. Of these, 28 have one or more associated features which include instrumentation supports, foundations, etc. The large majority of contributing structures are buildings built to study the blast effects of nuclear weaponry. This has resulted in a peculiar accumulation of deteriorated structures that, unlike most historic districts, is best represented by those that are the most damaged. Limitations by radiological control areas, surface exposure and a focus on the concentration of accessible properties on the dry lake bed indicate additional properties exist which could be added to the district on a case-by-case basis.

  12. Smokes from the oil fires following the Gulf War: A review and new perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radke, L.F.

    1996-12-31

    Emissions resulting from the oil fires in Kuwait and environmental effects from those emissions are described.

  13. On the Front Lines of the Cold War Los Alamos 1970-1992 (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: General & Miscellaneous(99); Military Technology, Weaponry, & National Defense(45) Word Cloud More Like This Full ...

  14. The ACCESS resource guide: An international directory of information on war, peace, and security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiheade, W.H.; Hayner, P.

    1988-01-01

    The ACCESS Resource Guide: Describes each resource in detail; Organizes each entry by subject matter, nation, and type of institution; and Provides an index for locating organizations by their programs.

  15. World War II role of Oak Ridge National Lab featured in second...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    70th anniversary lecture Talk by Ray Smith about that Laboratory's role during World ... National Security Complex historian Ray Smith about that laboratory's role during World ...

  16. Kuwaiti oil sector shows more signs of recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-04-06

    This paper reports that Kuwait's oil sector continues to show signs of recovery from the Persian Gulf war. On Mar. 23 Kuwait Petroleum Co. (KPC) loaded the country's first shipment of liquefied petroleum gas for export since the Iraqi invasion in August 1990. In addition, the first shipment of Kuwaiti crude recovered from giant oil lakes formed by hundreds of wild wells sabotaged in the war was to arrive by tanker in Naples, Italy, late last month. The tanker is carrying 210,000 bbl of crude. However, the project to clean up the lakes and recover more oil, undertaken by Bechtel Corp. with Kuwait Oil Co. (KOC), has reached a stand still.

  17. Texas-New Mexico Power Company- Residential, Hard-to-Reach, and High-Performance New Homes Programs

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The primary objective of these programs is to achieve cost-effective reductions in peak demand. Additional objectives of the programs are to:

  18. Inorganic/organic nanocomposites: Reaching a high filler content without increasing viscosity using core-shell structured nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benhadjala, W.; Gravoueille, M.; Weiss, M.; Bord-Majek, I.; Béchou, L.; Ousten, Y.; Suhir, E.; Buet, M.; Louarn, M.; Rougé, F.; Gaud, V.

    2015-11-23

    Extensive research is being conducted on the development of inorganic/organic nanocomposites for a wide variety of applications in microelectronics, biotechnologies, photonics, adhesives, or optical coatings. High filler contents are usually required to fully optimize the nanocomposites properties. However, numerous studies demonstrated that traditional composite viscosity increases with increasing the filler concentration reducing therefore significantly the material processability. In this work, we synthesized inorganic/organic core-shell nanocomposites with different shell thicknesses. By reducing the shell thickness while maintaining a constant core size, the nanoparticle molecular mass decreases but the nanocomposite filler fraction is correlatively increased. We performed viscosity measurements, which clearly highlighted that intrinsic viscosity of hybrid nanoparticles decreases as the molecular mass decreases, and thus, as the filler fraction increases, as opposed to Einstein predictions about the viscosity of traditional inorganic/polymer two-phase mixtures. This exceptional behavior, modeled by Mark-Houwink-Sakurada equation, proves to be a significant breakthrough for the development of industrializable nanocomposites with high filler contents.

  19. GPU/MIC Acceleration of the LHC High Level Trigger to Extend the Physics Reach at the LHC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halyo, Valerie; Tully, Christopher

    2015-04-14

    The quest for rare new physics phenomena leads the PI [3] to propose evaluation of coprocessors based on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) and the Intel Many Integrated Core (MIC) architecture for integration into the trigger system at LHC. This will require development of a new massively parallel implementation of the well known Combinatorial Track Finder which uses the Kalman Filter to accelerate processing of data from the silicon pixel and microstrip detectors and reconstruct the trajectory of all charged particles down to momentums of 100 MeV. It is expected to run at least one order of magnitude faster than an equivalent algorithm on a quad core CPU for extreme pileup scenarios of 100 interactions per bunch crossing. The new tracking algorithms will be developed and optimized separately on the GPU and Intel MIC and then evaluated against each other for performance and power efficiency. The results will be used to project the cost of the proposed hardware architectures for the HLT server farm, taking into account the long term projections of the main vendors in the market (AMD, Intel, and NVIDIA) over the next 10 years. Extensive experience and familiarity of the PI with the LHC tracker and trigger requirements led to the development of a complementary tracking algorithm that is described in [arxiv: 1305.4855], [arxiv: 1309.6275] and preliminary results accepted to JINST.

  20. A Three-Year Study of Ichyoplankton in Coastal Plains Reaches of the Savannah River Site and its Tributaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, D.

    2007-03-05

    Altering flow regimes of rivers has large effects on native floras and faunas because native species are adapted to the natural flow regime, many species require lateral connectivity with floodplain habitat for feeding or spawning, and the change in regime often makes it possible for invasive species to replace natives (Bunn & Arthington 2002). Floodplain backwaters, both permanent and temporary, are nursery areas for age 0+ fish and stable isotope studies indicate that much of the productivity that supports fish larvae is autochthonous to these habitats (Herwig et al. 2004). Limiting access by fish to floodplain habitat for feeding, spawning and nursery habitat is one of the problems noted with dams that regulate flow in rivers and is considered to be important as an argument to remove dams and other flow regulating structures from rivers (Shuman 1995; Bednarek 2001). While there have been a number of studies in the literature about the use of floodplain habitat for fish reproduction (Copp 1989; Killgore & Baker 1996; Humphries, et al. 1999; Humphries and Lake 2000; Crain et al. 2004; King 2004) there have been only a few studies that examined this aspect of stream ecology in more than a cursory way. The study reported here was originally designed to determine whether the Department of Energy's (DOE) Savannah River Site was having a negative effect on fish reproduction in the Savannah River but its experimental design allowed examination of the interactions between the river, the floodplain and the tributaries entering the Savannah River across this floodplain. This study is larger in length of river covered than most in the literature and because of its landscape scale may be in important indicator of areas where further study is required.

  1. Late Pleistocene and Holocene-Age Columbia River Sediments and Bedforms: Hanford Reach Area, Washington - Part 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K.R. Fecht, T.E. Marceau

    2006-03-28

    This report presents the results of a geologic study conducted on the lower slopes of the Columbia River Valley in south-central Washington. The study was designed to investigate glaciofluvial and fluvial sediments and bedforms that are present in the river valley and formed subsequent to Pleistocene large-scale cataclysmic flooding of the region.

  2. Cleaning up the Legacy of the Cold War: Plutonium Oxides and the Role of Synchrotron Radiation Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, David Lewis

    2015-01-21

    The deceptively simple binary formula of AnO2 belies an incredibly complex structural nature, and propensity to form mixed-valent, nonstoichiometric phases of composition AnO2±x. For plutonium, the very formation of PuO2+x has challenged a long-established dogma, and raised fundamental questions for long-term storage and environmental migration. This presentation covers two aspects of Los Alamos synchrotron radiation studies of plutonium oxides: (1) the structural chemistry of laboratory-prepared AnO2+x systems (An = U, Pu; 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) determined through a combination of x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (XAFS) and x-ray scattering of laboratory prepared samples; and (2) the application of synchrotron radiation towards the decontamination and decommissioning of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. Making the case for particle transport mechanisms as the basis of plutonium and americium mobility, rather than aqueous sorption-desorption processes, established a successful scientific basis for the dominance of physical transport processes by wind and water. The scientific basis was successful because it was in agreement with general theory on insolubility of PuO2 in oxidation state IV, results of ultrafiltration analyses of field water/sediment samples, XAFS analyses of soil, sediment, and concrete samples, and was also in general agreement with on-site monitoring data. This understanding allowed Site contractors to rapidly move to application of soil erosion and sediment transport models as the means of predicting plutonium and americium transport, which led to design and application of site-wide soil erosion control technology to help control downstream concentrations of plutonium and americium in streamflow.

  3. How Regulatory Risk Has Moved Front and Center in the Tug-of-War between State Commissions and Public Utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keglevic, Paul; McConomy, John; Koppin, John

    2006-11-15

    Deregulation of generation, volatile commodity markets and an increase in proposed utility mergers have heightened the stakes in the historic struggle of public service commissions to balance the interests of ratepayers and shareholders. The authors review this struggle and its impact on recent requests for rate increases and the pending approval of several mergers announced in the past few years. (author)

  4. ANALYSIS OF EPR AND FISH STUDIES OF RADIATION DOSES IN PERSONS WHO LIVED IN THE UPPER REACHES OF THE TECHA RIVER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Degteva, M. O.; Shagina, N. B.; Shishkina, Elena A.; Vozilova, Alexandra; Volchkova, A. Y.; Vorobiova, M. I.; Wieser, Albrecht; Fattibene, Paola; Della Monaca, S.; Ainsbury, E.; Moquet, J.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2015-07-24

    Waterborne radioactive releases into the Techa River from the Mayak Production Association in Russia during 1949–1956 resulted in significant doses to about 30,000 persons who lived in downstream settlements. The residents were exposed to internal and external radiation. Two methods for reconstruction of the external dose are considered in this paper, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements of teeth and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) measurements of chromosome translocations in circulating lymphocytes. The main issue in the application of the EPR and FISH methods for reconstruction of the external dose for the Techa Riverside residents was strontium radioisotopes incorporated in teeth and bones that served as a source of confounding local exposures. In order to estimate and subtract doses from incorporated 89,90Sr, the EPR and FISH assays were supported by measurements of 90Sr-body burdens and estimates of 90Sr concentrations in dental tissues by the luminescence method. The resulting dose estimates derived from EPR and FISH measurements for residents of the upper Techa River were found to be consistent: the mean values vary from 510 – 550 mGy for the villages located close to the site of radioactive release to 130 – 160 mGy for the more distant villages. The upper bound of individual estimates for both methods is equal to 2.2 – 2.3 Gy. The EPR- and FISH-based dose estimates were compared with the doses calculated for the donors using the Techa River Dosimetry System (TRDS). The TRDS external dose assessments were based on the data on contamination of the Techa River floodplain, simulation of ai r kerma above the contaminated soil, age-dependent life-styles and individual residence histories. For correct comparison TRDS-based doses were calculated from two sources: external exposure from the contaminated environment and internal exposure from 137Cs incorporated in donors’ soft tissues. The TRDS-based absorbed doses in tooth enamel and muscle were in agreement with with EPR- and FISH-based estimates within uncertainty bounds. Basically, the agreement between the estimates has confirmed the validity of external doses calculated with the Techa River Dosimetry System.

  5. METALLICITIES, DUST, AND MOLECULAR CONTENT OF A QSO-DAMPED Ly{alpha} SYSTEM REACHING log N(H I) = 22: AN ANALOG TO GRB-DLAs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guimaraes, R.; Noterdaeme, P.; Petitjean, P.; Ledoux, C.; Srianand, R.; Rahmani, H.; Lopez, S.

    2012-06-15

    We present the elemental abundance and H{sub 2} content measurements of a damped Ly{alpha} (DLA) system with an extremely large H I column density, log N(H I) (cm{sup -2}) = 22.0 {+-} 0.10, at z{sub abs} = 3.287 toward the QSO SDSS J081634+144612. We measure column densities of H{sub 2}, C I, C I*, Zn II, Fe II, Cr II, Ni II, and Si II from a high signal-to-noise and high spectral resolution VLT-UVES spectrum. The overall metallicity of the system is [Zn/H] = -1.10 {+-} 0.10 relative to solar. Two molecular hydrogen absorption components are seen at z = 3.28667 and 3.28742 (a velocity separation of Almost-Equal-To 52 km s{sup -1}) in rotational levels up to J = 3. We derive a total H{sub 2} column density of log N(H{sub 2}) (cm{sup -2}) = 18.66 and a mean molecular fraction of f = 2N(H{sub 2})/[2N(H{sub 2}) + N(H I)] = 10{sup -3.04{+-}0.37}, typical of known H{sub 2}-bearing DLA systems. From the observed abundance ratios we conclude that dust is present in the interstellar medium of this galaxy, with an enhanced abundance in the H{sub 2}-bearing clouds. However, the total amount of dust along the line of sight is not large and does not produce any significant reddening of the background QSO. The physical conditions in the H{sub 2}-bearing clouds are constrained directly from the column densities of H{sub 2} in different rotational levels, C I and C I*. The kinetic temperature is found to be T Almost-Equal-To 75 K and the particle density lies in the range n{sub H} = 50-80 cm{sup -3}. The neutral hydrogen column density of this DLA is similar to the mean H I column density of DLAs observed at the redshift of {gamma}-ray bursts (GRBs). We explore the relationship between GRB-DLAs and the high column density end of QSO-DLAs finding that the properties (metallicity and depletion) of DLAs with log N(H I) > 21.5 in the two populations do not appear to be significantly different.

  6. Microsoft Word - Final_DOE_Cleanup_of_Legacy_TRU_at_SNL_Release.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reaches Recovery Act Goal With Cleanup of All Legacy Transuranic Waste at Sandia National Laboratories CARLSBAD, N.M., May 3, 2012 -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) completed cleanup of the Cold War legacy transuranic (TRU) waste at Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) in Albuquerque, New Mexico when four shipments of remote-handled (RH) TRU waste from Sandia arrived at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, N.M. for permanent disposal on May 2, 2012. The DOE Carlsbad Field

  7. National Labs | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Star Wars VIDEO: The Energy of Star Wars How much energy would it take to power a Death Star? We asked some of the nation's top energy (and Star Wars) experts. Read more...

  8. armed forces

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    organization that takes World War II, Korean War and Vietnam War veterans to the U.S. capital to see the memorials built in their honor at zero cost to the veteran.

  9. veterans

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    organization that takes World War II, Korean War and Vietnam War veterans to the U.S. capital to see the memorials built in their honor at zero cost to the veteran.

  10. Honoring Our Veterans | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    After four years of bitter war, an armistice was signed. The "war to end all wars" was finally over. In November 1919, President Wilson proclaimed November 11, as the first ...

  11. STIPWorks | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    lie in World War II's Manhattan Project. Sandia National Laboratories In the Spotlight - A Bold Heritage: Sandia National Laboratories' roots lie in World War II's Manhattan ...

  12. Draft Recommendation by EM SSAB Chairs

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    across the country have been adversely affected by the legacy of research and development of nuclear capabilities that occurred during the World War II and Cold War eras. ...

  13. Legendary Tuskegee Airmen to Speak at Jefferson Lab's Black History...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    February 3, 2004 Three members of the legendary, World War II era Tuskegee Airmen will ... pilots to defend their country in World War II. Overcoming nearly insurmountable racial ...

  14. Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, ... in various capacities since World War I, Baruch inclined toward drafting his own ...

  15. Manhattan Project: Operation Crossroads, Bikini Atoll, July 1946

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, ... The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, ...

  16. For Immediate Release:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hanford's Manhattan Project and Cold War-era artifacts and archives New subcontract ... Site's Manhattan Project and Cold War Collection of artifacts and archive materials. ...

  17. RECOVERY.GOV U.S. Depar

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    waste created while producing materials for nuclear weapons throughout the Cold War. ... challenges related to shipping Cold War nuclear waste to New Mexico The first ...

  18. Charting a Parallel Course

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    marked America's entry into World War II and, ironically, represented the ... Los Alamos and the U.S. Navy: Partners Since World War II National Security Science April ...

  19. DOE Announces Strategic Engineering and Technology Roadmap for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Strategic Engineering and Technology Roadmap for Cleanup of Cold War Era Nuclear Waste DOE Announces Strategic Engineering and Technology Roadmap for Cleanup of Cold War Era ...

  20. River Corridor Work Creates Legacy of Success in Cleanup of Nation...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    War II and the Cold War to produce plutonium for the nation's nuclear weapons program. ... Research on reactor operations and spent fuel reprocessing was conducted in smaller ...

  1. Legacy Management Sites | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    to managing its responsibilities associated with the environmental legacy of World War II and the Cold War. This legacy includes radioactive and chemical waste, environmental...

  2. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    catalyst for tritium recovery) * Other Nuclear Material: Deuterium (commercial), lithium-6 (virgin tritium production), tritium (War Reserve (WR) and Non-War Reserve (NWR) ...

  3. EM News Flashes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of workers who produced plutonium for the Manhattan Project, World War II, and Cold War. September 4, 2014 EM Acquisition and Project Management Deputy Assistant Secretary...

  4. Grove Theatre | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Grove Theatre Grove Theatre Oak Ridgers learn about their role in ending the war

  5. Assessment of tar pollution on the United Arab emirates beaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abu-Hilal, A.H.; Khordagui, H.K. )

    1993-01-01

    In light of the inadequate information concerning stranded tar on the southwest beaches of the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, particularly following the massive oil releases during the Gulf War, the present investigation was designed to provide reference-integrated information on the nature, location, and levels of stranded tar balls on the beaches of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The recorded levels appeared to be higher than expected or previously reported. The tar distribution pattern, in addition to the degree of weathering, indicates that the massive oil release during the Gulf War did not reach the UAE shorelines. The highest reported levels of stranded tar ever recorded in the Arabian Gulf at Jabal Dhannah apparently originated from oil spills and tankers' ballast water at the main oil terminal at the Al-Ruwaiss oil refinery some 10 km to the east. The surprising, relatively high levels of stranded tar on the beaches of the Gulf of Oman were solely attributed to the heavy navigation traffic close to the shorelines. 19 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. Trends & Controversies: Sociocultural Predictive Analytics and Terrorism Deterrence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; McGrath, Liam R.

    2011-08-12

    The use of predictive analytics to model terrorist rhetoric is highly instrumental in developing a strategy to deter terrorism. Traditional (e.g. Cold-War) deterrence methods are ineffective with terrorist groups such as al Qaida. Terrorists typically regard the prospect of death or loss of property as acceptable consequences of their struggle. Deterrence by threat of punishment is therefore fruitless. On the other hand, isolating terrorists from the community that may sympathize with their cause can have a decisive deterring outcome. Without the moral backing of a supportive audience, terrorism cannot be successfully framed as a justifiable political strategy and recruiting is curtailed. Ultimately, terrorism deterrence is more effectively enforced by exerting influence to neutralize the communicative reach of terrorists.

  7. Impending United States energy crisis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirsch, R.L.

    1987-03-20

    The US oil and gas industry has been dramatically weakened by the recent oil price collapse. Domestic drilling activity reached a new post-World War II low during the summer of 1986. Given a weak, unstable oil price outlook, US capability will continue to deteriorate. In the last year US imports of foreign oil have risen significantly, and if market forces alone dominate, US dependence is expected to rise from 32% in 1983 to the 50 to 70% level in the not-too-distant future. The 1973 oil embargo and the subsequent attempts to improve US energy security vividly demonstrated the huge costs and long periods of time required to change our energy system. These facts, coupled with the nation's generally short-term orientation, suggest a strong likelihood of a new US energy crisis in the early to middle 1990s. 39 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  8. Updated Appendices to the Status of Environmental Management Initiatives to Accelerate the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War Report to Congress

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Responding to the requirements in the FY 2010 Energy and Water Development Appropriations Report (H.R. 111-203) EM updated Appendices A and B of the prior year's National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) Report.

  9. Export Administration Act of 1979 in U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Export Administration Act of 1979 in U.S.C. Export Administration Act of 1979 in U.S.C. CITE: 50USC--App.2401 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2402 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2403-1a TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2404 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2405 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2406 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE:

  10. External Independent Review (EIR) Report Template | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Export Administration Act of 1979 in U.S.C. Export Administration Act of 1979 in U.S.C. CITE: 50USC--App.2401 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2402 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2403-1a TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2404 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2405 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2406 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE:

  11. Using laser-driven neutrons to stop nuclear smugglers

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    time that laser-generated neutrons can be enlisted as a useful tool in the War on Terror. ... time that laser-generated neutrons can be enlisted as a useful tool in the War on Terror. ...

  12. Washington Post editor David E. Hoffman talks about new book...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    the Russian perspectives, of the end of the Cold War arms race and its legacy of peril. ... Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy, during a talk at 5:15 p.m. ...

  13. Washington Post editor David E.

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy, during a talk at 5:15 p.m. ... Following his talk, "Gorbachev and Reagan: New Evidence on the End of the Cold War, ...

  14. Manhattan Project: Events

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The ... The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 1945-present: Postscript -- The ...

  15. ABSTRACT

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    water was integral to the Site's Cold War nuclear production mission as it was used ... The study provides historic contexts for the site's Cold War history and a context for ...

  16. Updated Appendices to the Status of Environmental Management...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War Report to Congress Updated Appendices to ... Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War Report to Congress Responding to the ...

  17. Dear Mr

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    with cleaning up the waste generated by legacy, Cold War and national defense efforts. ... To date, clean-up efforts, as it relates to legacy and Cold War efforts in and around each ...

  18. COLLOQUIUM: Nuclear Famine: The Threat to Humanity from Nuclear...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr. Alan Robock Rutgers University A nuclear war between India and Pakistan, with each ... The impact of the nuclear war simulated here, using much less than 1% of the global ...

  19. ORISE: Postdoc Research Experiences - Carl Stephan

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    fallen in the Korean War and buried at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific. ... help identify hundreds of fallen Korean War U.S. soldiers buried at the National ...

  20. Message from DOE on the Hanford Consent Decree | Department of...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    One of the Department of Energy's most important tasks is to clean up the legacy of nuclear materials production during World War II and the Cold War. At the Hanford site in ...

  1. Manhattan Project: Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    on "D-Day," June 6, 1944, the war in Europe appeared to be entering its final phase. ... and the rush was on to complete the atomic bomb in time to end the war in the Pacific. ...

  2. Sandia National Laboratories: Warrior Women

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    specialist at Sandia and an Iraq war veteran. "It is so common now that I am used to it. ... She says that despite everything she went through in war, "I really loved my job in the ...

  3. Photo of the Week: Oak Ridge in 1945 | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to have a camera at the Oak Ridge site during the Manhattan Project and the Cold War. ... to have a camera at the Oak Ridge site during the Manhattan Project and the Cold War. ...

  4. EM Program Update by Dr. Ines Triay

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Goal 2: Goal 2: Reduce the life cycle costs and accelerate the cleanup of the Cold War ... EM's Mission To safely transform the environmental legacy of the Cold War into assets ...

  5. Department of Energy Releases Proposal to Amend the Hanford Consent...

    Energy Savers

    more than 40 years, facilities at the Hanford site in the State of Washington produced plutonium critical to the nation's defense during World War II and throughout the Cold War. ...

  6. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    With advance planning that included sequestering a troubleshooting team in a "war room," ... together for 2 days in this "war room" to push 20 years of ARM metadata to a new database. ...

  7. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings December 1, 2009 Walls come down sooner, ... began full-scale demolition of a Cold War-era complex of buildings that once housed ...

  8. First Oak Ridge Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste Shipment Arrives...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    "For the first time ever since its creation in 1943 during the war effort, the highest ... Labs The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup Milestone

  9. Decontamination and Demolition at TA-21

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    On December 1, 2009, LANL began full-scale demolition at TA-21, the Cold War-era complex ... labs, offices, and production facilities from the Manhattan Project and Cold War eras. ...

  10. Media Contact: Mark Heeter, DOE Richland Operations Office,...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Project locations created during World War II for the top- secret mission to beat the ... Japan, to help bring an end to the war in the Pacific, with Japan surrendering on ...

  11. Manhattan Project: Early Government Support, 1939-1942

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    One month before the Second World War formally began with the September 1, 1939, invasion ... that it was only a matter of time before the United States became involved in the war. ...

  12. Defense Production Act of 1950 in U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Defense Production Act of 1950 in U.S.C. CITE: 50USC--App.2061 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2062 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: ...

  13. Videos | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    after the U.S. declared war following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. A Nuclear Family: The Manhattan District Episode 2 tells our World War II era story and describes ...

  14. For your calendar

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    All Issues submit For your calendar Talks on the Cold War and explosives September 1, ... Talk on "Nuclear Weapons Testing During the Cold War September 11 As part of the Lab's ...

  15. LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 29, 2010-Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    funds advance cleanup efforts at Cold War site June 29, 2010 Local small business starts ... of Lab buildings, replacing those built during World War II for the Manhattan Project. ...

  16. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer December 20, 2015 Los Alamos turns its nuclear weapons power to war on cancer NBC News got exclusive access to Los Alamos National...

  17. Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks at the Council on Competitiv...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    as difficult and, indeed, just as consequential for our future, as those we faced in the dark days of World War II and the Cold War. Once again, we must gear up the great machine...

  18. 225957

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    But it would have been possible. 1 think people forgot this after the war ended. It's ... So the fact that we had the bomb and were able to end the war was a big benefit to the ...

  19. Fehner and Gosling, Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing, 1951...

    Energy Savers

    Cold War: The Nevada Test Site, Volume I Fehner and Gosling, Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing, 1951-1963. Battlefield of the Cold War: The Nevada Test Site, Volume I Terrence ...

  20. Dr. Chuck Ross gives final lecture of JLab Spring Science Series...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    the Civil War. By David Macaulay, Daily Press March 28, 2008 NEWPORT NEWS - It won't be music to the ears of traditionalists, but Civil War Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee might...

  1. In DC and Around the Nation: Join the National Day of Service...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Eva Longoria, singer-songwriter Ben Folds, Iraq war veteran and Delaware Attorney General ... gospel singer Yolanda Adams, U.S. Rep and Iraq War veteran Tammy Duckworth, Philadelphia ...

  2. Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes arrive at the ... Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes represented the ...

  3. A brief overview of some historical details of Oak Ridge, part...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    soon as World War II ended, the Cold War began. The Soviet Union had the plans for Fat Man given to them by Klaus Fuchs before the bomb was even used. By August 29, 1949, the...

  4. OE Blog Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison played key roles in the War of the Currents. Learn more...

  5. Untitled

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    to learn about LANL directly from our top scien5sts and par5cipate in facility tours. ... shadows of World War II. Voluntarily kept secret by the discoverers during World War II, ...

  6. 48 Star American Flag from Y-12 Plant in 1943

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of the world. From the Manhattan Project to the Cold War to now waging the War on Terror, Y-12 has served a central role in supplying critical components for our nuclear...

  7. New Hope Center making history at Y-12

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    equipment and stories. We have Cold War artifacts, equipment and stories. Some War on Terror details are there as well such as a display of the Highly Enriched Uranium Materials...

  8. Energy Department Awards $40 Million for Research to Support Waste Cleanup at DOE Nuclear Sites

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four New Energy Frontier Research Centers Will Address Waste Challenge from Cold War-Era Weapons Production

  9. Taming the Wild World of Management, Performance and Communication - 13459

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, Laurie

    2013-07-01

    Management has evolved a long way from its original meaning of 'governing a horse'. The industrial revolution fostered 'scientific management'; 1930's Hawthorne studies discovered that people's social interactions could alter productivity; and the dawn of the computer age in the post-war 1950's brought general systems theory into management thinking. Today, mobile wireless connectivity aims to transform ever-changing networks of players, mandates, and markets into something that can be 'managed'. So why is there no clear and simple recipe for how to practice management? We talk about financial management, safety management, and operations management, but surely the 'management' part of those endeavors will share the same set of practices. Instead, we are still arguing for 'management' to include everything from developing people to negotiating contracts. A manager's job may include many things, but one of them, the job of management, needs to be nailed down. Three standard practices for managing in a network are developed: (a) support the dialogues that connect people vital to accomplishing a goal or objective; (b) develop and sustain the scoreboards that serve as a road-map to reach the goal; and (c) control the feedback to 'govern the horse'. These three practices are useful for more than reaching goals, as they also support coordinating across boundaries and running productive meetings. The dialogues for productive relationships, scoreboards for goals and deliverables, and feedback for performance together constitute a recipe for managing in a networked world. (authors)

  10. DOE Announces Strategic Engineering and Technology Roadmap for Cleanup of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cold War Era Nuclear Waste | Department of Energy Strategic Engineering and Technology Roadmap for Cleanup of Cold War Era Nuclear Waste DOE Announces Strategic Engineering and Technology Roadmap for Cleanup of Cold War Era Nuclear Waste March 18, 2008 - 10:52am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today released an Engineering and Technology Roadmap (Roadmap), which details initiatives aimed at reducing the technical risks and uncertainties associated with cleaning

  11. Iraqi crude exports may rise further

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-12-08

    Iraq will soon start exporting crude oil through a 550 mi, 500,000 bbl/day capacity pipeline from Iraq to Banias, Syria, on the Mediterranean. Iraq has already been transporting a reported 400,000 bbl/day in a 700,000 bbl/day capacity pipeline that goes to Dortyol, Turk., on the Mediterranean. Iraq's theoretical export capacity will soon reach 1.2 million bbl/day (compared with 3.2 million bbl/day before the war), assuming that the facilities are undamaged. Iran has been exporting some crude from its Kharg Island terminal, presumably by Iranian boat to the Lavan Island terminal at the southern end of the gulf, where it would be transported along with crude from offshore fields in the area. The exports apparently had been large enough to keep spot-market prices from rising much above the $40/bbl level, and in Dec. 1980, the spot-market prices eased to just under the $40 mark. Indonesia has raised the premium on its Sumatran light crude by $1/bbl, bringing the total to $35.20. Other producers have not yet raised their prices correspondingly. The agenda of the Dec. 1980 price-fixing meeting in Indonesia (assuming it takes place as planned) is discussed.

  12. METALS~~~SINTEG~~~~TING~COMPANY, INC.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    METALSSINTEGTINGCOMPANY, INC. April 5, 1946 War Department Manhattan &glneer District P. 0. Box 33S Church Street Annex New York 8, New Pork Attention: Major W illiam C. ...

  13. Weapons production | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    An effective production infrastructure is critical to national security. Y-12 continues to replace World War II-era facilities to increase efficiency and security, reduce costs and ...

  14. Baseline Environmental Management Report (BEMR) in 1995

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The BEMR was DOE's first top-down life cycle estimate on the full scope and cost of the 'Cold War Mortgage'.

  15. National Day of Remembrance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-01-01

    Ames Laboratory observed the National Day of Remembrance for weapons workers from the Cold War era with a ceremony held Oct. 27, 2009 at the Ames Public Library.

  16. "TRU" Success: SRS Recovery Act Prepares to Complete Shipment...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Act funding, Savannah River Site (SRS) continues to safely treat and dispose of radioactive waste created while producing materials for nuclear weapons throughout the Cold War. ...

  17. Visit the Museum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    The Bradbury Science Museum offers unique resources and experiences for groups. Bring history to life Examine primary sources and artifacts from the World War II Manhattan Project ...

  18. Dr. Monica Regalbuto Lays Out Vision for Tenure as EM's New Assistant...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Monica Regalbuto provides the leadership necessary to continue EM's safe cleanup of the environmental legacy of the Cold War and Manhattan Project. Dr. Regalbuto has held ...

  19. Environmental Cleanup

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Cleanup Tour Environmental Cleanup See how LANL is cleaning up the environmental legacy of the Manhattan Project and Cold War

  20. Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations...

    Energy Savers

    and mobile substations (MTS) to rapidly restore electrical service to areas subjected to blackouts as a result of equipment failure, natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or war. ...

  1. National Cleanup Workshops | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    executives, and other stakeholders to discuss EM's progress in the cleanup of the environmental legacy of the nation's Manhattan Project and Cold War nuclear weapons program. ...

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rocky Flats External Resources

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Rocky Flats Site, Colorado External Resources Rocky Flats Stewardship Council Disclaimer Rocky Flats Cold War Museum Disclaimer U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Rocky Flats National ...

  3. Progress Update: Reactor Disassembly Grouting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cody, Tom

    2010-01-01

    Grouting the P&R reactors in order to remove these basins as an environmental threat. This will end the Cold War legacy and end the environmental footprint.

  4. President Obama's Hispanic Heritage Month Proclamation | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    From the earliest days of our Republic, Hispanic Americans have written crucial chapters in our national story. Hispanics have honorably defended our country in war and built ...

  5. LMS-AMC-S01980-0-0.cdr

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    All remaining test holes plugged and abandoned. 1973 AEC demolishes approximately 400 World War II buildings. 51973 Decon water from Cannikin shot reinjected into the chimney. ...

  6. Cold warriors target arms control (Journal Article) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to achieve a comprehensive test ban (CTB) by 1996. US leadership in the post-Cold War era will undermined as the international community, already skeptical about this ...

  7. Progress Update: P-Reactor Grout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cody, Tom

    2010-01-01

    A progress update, the Recovery Act at work at the Savannah River Site. The new phase of work on the permanent closure of two cold war nuclear reactors.

  8. Nuclear proliferation and testing: A tale of two treaties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corden, Pierce S.; Hafemeister, David

    2014-04-01

    Despite progress in reducing stockpiles after the end of the Cold War, the disturbing actions of some nations could spread nuclear weapon capabilities and enlarge existing arsenals.

  9. Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Schlesinger Medal Ceremony and...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... It established its core missions - sometimes whimsically called weapons and windmills, quarks and quagmires - the quagmires is a more recent, post-Cold War acquisition. But, even ...

  10. AUDIT REPORT

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Audit Report on the "Management and Oversight of ... Project and Cold War through the production of plutonium. ... risks, the Richland Operations Office and the Office of ...

  11. LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 25, 2009-Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    cleaning up these Manhattan Project and Cold War sites. "We've dramatically improved pollution prevention practices in our ongoing activities. Today, our air, soil, water, and...

  12. USAJobs Search | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    soil and water. The Environmental Management (EM) program was established in 1989 to achieve the successful cleanup of this Cold War legacy. In order to execute its...

  13. Oak Ridge Director Thom Mason to lecture on "Big Science" at...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    At the war's end, the facilities used to develop these weapons were transferred from the military to the new, civilian-operated Atomic Energy Commission. The commission's charge ...

  14. Manhattan Project: Los Alamos Scientists

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Second row: Robert Oppenheimer, Richard P. Feynman, Phil B. Porter. Third row: Gregory ... Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Los Alamos After the War Scientists Richard Feynman

  15. doepresentation.dvi

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Oil Shocks and U.S. External Adjustment Martin Bodenstein, Christopher Erceg, Luca ... Iranian Revolution Arab- Israeli War Effects of An Oil Demand Shock that Drives the Price ...

  16. Hanford Site stormwater pollution prevention plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menard, N.M.

    1997-01-10

    This ECN is to replace and update the Hanford Site Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan as required by NPDES Permit No. WA-R-10-OOOF.

  17. Manhattan Project Sites at Los Alamos

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    about the role Los Alamos played during the Cold War. Los Alamos Historical Society Arts and Crafts Building 4. ARTS & CRAFTS BUILDING Originally classrooms for the Ranch...

  18. New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    To accelerate the Portsmouth GDP cleanup efforts left over from the Cold War, the Department of Energy made a huge step forward in our nuclear environmental cleanup efforts.

  19. New Licensing Agreement Opens Energy Patents to NGOs, Non-Profits...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Technologies to work with existing partners, such as the Technology Innovation for Sustainable Societies, to deploy more sustainable technology in the war on poverty. ...

  20. Nanoscientist Ayesha Arefin has heart

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Student researcher helps construct bioethical artificial human organs Although Bangladesh has made strides in recent decades, the war-torn and poverty stricken South Asian ...