National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for necessitate substantially increased

  1. Applying compressive sensing to TEM video: A substantial frame rate increase on any camera

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Stevens, Andrew; Kovarik, Libor; Abellan, Patricia; Yuan, Xin; Carin, Lawrence; Browning, Nigel D.

    2015-08-13

    One of the main limitations of imaging at high spatial and temporal resolution during in-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) experiments is the frame rate of the camera being used to image the dynamic process. While the recent development of direct detectors has provided the hardware to achieve frame rates approaching 0.1 ms, the cameras are expensive and must replace existing detectors. In this paper, we examine the use of coded aperture compressive sensing (CS) methods to increase the frame rate of any camera with simple, low-cost hardware modifications. The coded aperture approach allows multiple sub-frames to be coded and integratedmore » into a single camera frame during the acquisition process, and then extracted upon readout using statistical CS inversion. Here we describe the background of CS and statistical methods in depth and simulate the frame rates and efficiencies for in-situ TEM experiments. Depending on the resolution and signal/noise of the image, it should be possible to increase the speed of any camera by more than an order of magnitude using this approach.« less

  2. Applying compressive sensing to TEM video: A substantial frame rate increase on any camera

    SciTech Connect

    Stevens, Andrew; Kovarik, Libor; Abellan, Patricia; Yuan, Xin; Carin, Lawrence; Browning, Nigel D.

    2015-08-13

    One of the main limitations of imaging at high spatial and temporal resolution during in-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) experiments is the frame rate of the camera being used to image the dynamic process. While the recent development of direct detectors has provided the hardware to achieve frame rates approaching 0.1 ms, the cameras are expensive and must replace existing detectors. In this paper, we examine the use of coded aperture compressive sensing (CS) methods to increase the frame rate of any camera with simple, low-cost hardware modifications. The coded aperture approach allows multiple sub-frames to be coded and integrated into a single camera frame during the acquisition process, and then extracted upon readout using statistical CS inversion. Here we describe the background of CS and statistical methods in depth and simulate the frame rates and efficiencies for in-situ TEM experiments. Depending on the resolution and signal/noise of the image, it should be possible to increase the speed of any camera by more than an order of magnitude using this approach.

  3. Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Yongchao; Tschaplinski, Timothy J; Engle, Nancy L; Hamilton, Choo Yieng; Rodriguez, Jr., Miguel; Liao, James C; Schadt, Christopher Warren; Guss, Adam M; Yang, Yunfeng; Graham, David E

    2012-01-01

    Background: The model bacterium Clostridium cellulolyticum efficiently hydrolyzes crystalline cellulose and hemicellulose, using cellulosomes to degrade lignocellulosic biomass. Although it imports and ferments both pentose and hexose sugars to produce a mixture of ethanol, acetate, lactate, H2 and CO2, the proportion of ethanol is low, which impedes its use in consolidated bioprocessing for biofuels. Therefore genetic engineering will likely be required to improve the ethanol yield. Random mutagenesis, plasmid transformation, and heterologous expression systems have previously been developed for C. cellulolyticum, but targeted mutagenesis has not been reported for this organism. Results: The first targeted gene inactivation system was developed for C. cellulolyticum, based on a mobile group II intron originating from the Lactococcus lactis L1.LtrB intron. This markerless mutagenesis system was used to disrupt both the paralogous L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ccel_2485; ldh) and L-malate dehydrogenase (Ccel_0137; mdh) genes, distinguishing the overlapping substrate specificities of these enzymes. Both mutations were then combined in a single strain. This double mutant produced 8.5-times more ethanol than wild-type cells growing on crystalline cellulose. Ethanol constituted 93% of the major fermentation products (by molarity), corresponding to a molar ratio of ethanol to organic acids of 15, versus 0.18 in wild-type cells. During growth on acid-pretreated switchgrass, the double mutant also produced four-times as much ethanol as wild-type cells. Detailed metabolomic analyses identified increased flux through the oxidative branch of the mutant s TCA pathway. Conclusions: The efficient intron-based gene inactivation system produced the first gene-targeted mutations in C. cellulolyticum. As a key component of the genetic toolbox for this bacterium, markerless targeted mutagenesis enables functional genomic research in C. cellulolyticum and rapid genetic engineering to

  4. Production of substantially pure fructose

    DOEpatents

    Hatcher, Herbert J.; Gallian, John J.; Leeper, Stephen A.

    1990-01-01

    A process is disclosed for the production of substantially pure fructose from sucrose-containing substrates. The process comprises converting the sucrose to levan and glucose, purifying the levan by membrane technology, hydrolyzing the levan to form fructose monomers, and recovering the fructose.

  5. INCREASE

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2013-07-22

    The Interdisciplinary Consortium for Research and Educational Access in Science and Engineering (INCREASE), assists minority-serving institutions in gaining access to world-class research facilities.

  6. Increased

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Increased confinement improvement in a reversed-field pinch using double-pulsed poloidal current drive Y. Yagi, a) H. Koguchi, Y. Hirano, T. Shimada, H. Sakakita, and S. Sekine National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan B. E. Chapman and J. S. Sarff University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 ͑Received 12 December 2002; accepted 18 April 2003͒ The pulsed poloidal current drive ͑PPCD͒ ͓J. S. Sarff et al.,

  7. Substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement via nanolayering

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Wang, Fenggong; Young, Steve M.; Zheng, Fan; Grinberg, Ilya; Rappe, Andrew M.

    2016-01-21

    Spontaneous polarization and inversion symmetry breaking in ferroelectric materials lead to their use as photovoltaic devices. However, further advancement of their applications are hindered by the paucity of ways of reducing bandgaps and enhancing photocurrent. By unravelling the correlation between ferroelectric materials’ responses to solar irradiation and their local structure and electric polarization landscapes, here we show from first principles that substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement can be achieved by nanolayering PbTiO3 with nickel ions and oxygen vacancies ((PbNiO2)x(PbTiO3)1–x). The enhancement of the total photocurrent for different spacings between the Ni-containing layers can be as high as 43 times duemore » to a smaller bandgap and photocurrent direction alignment for all absorption energies. This is due to the electrostatic effect that arises from nanolayering. Lastly, this opens up the possibility for control of the bulk photovoltaic effect in ferroelectric materials by nanoscale engineering of their structure and composition.« less

  8. Decoupling of the PI3K pathway via mutation necessitates combinatorial treatment in HER2+ breast cancer

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Korkola, James E.; Collisson, Eric A.; Heiser, Laura; Oates, Chris; Bayani, Nora; Itani, Sleiman; Esch, Amanda; Thompson, Wallace; Griffith, Obi L.; Wang, Nicholas J.; et al

    2015-07-16

    We report here on experimental and theoretical efforts to determine how best to combine drugs that inhibit HER2 and AKT in HER2+ breast cancers. We accomplished this by measuring cellular and molecular responses to lapatinib and the AKT inhibitors (AKTi) GSK690693 and GSK2141795 in a panel of 22 HER2+ breast cancer cell lines carrying wild type or mutant PIK3CA. We observed that combinations of lapatinib plus AKTi were synergistic in HER2/PIK3CAmut cell lines but not in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cell lines. We measured changes in phospho-protein levels in 15 cell lines after treatment with lapatinib, AKTi or lapatinib + AKTi to shedmore »light on the underlying signaling dynamics. This revealed that p-S6RP levels were less well attenuated by lapatinib in HER2+/PIK3CAmut cells compared to HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells and that lapatinib + AKTi reduced p-S6RP levels to those achieved in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells with lapatinib alone. We also found that that compensatory up-regulation of p-HER3 and p-HER2 is blunted in PIK3CAmut cells following lapatinib + AKTi treatment. Responses of HER2+ SKBR3 cells transfected with lentiviruses carrying control or PIK3CAmut sequences were similar to those observed in HER2+/PIK3CAmut cell lines but not in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cell lines. We used a nonlinear ordinary differential equation model to support the idea that PIK3CA mutations act as downstream activators of AKT that blunt lapatinib inhibition of downstream AKT signaling and that the effects of PIK3CA mutations can be countered by combining lapatinib with an AKTi. This combination does not confer substantial benefit beyond lapatinib in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells.« less

  9. Decoupling of the PI3K pathway via mutation necessitates combinatorial treatment in HER2+ breast cancer

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Korkola, James E.; Collisson, Eric A.; Heiser, Laura; Oates, Chris; Bayani, Nora; Itani, Sleiman; Esch, Amanda; Thompson, Wallace; Griffith, Obi L.; Wang, Nicholas J.; et al

    2015-07-16

    We report here on experimental and theoretical efforts to determine how best to combine drugs that inhibit HER2 and AKT in HER2+ breast cancers. We accomplished this by measuring cellular and molecular responses to lapatinib and the AKT inhibitors (AKTi) GSK690693 and GSK2141795 in a panel of 22 HER2+ breast cancer cell lines carrying wild type or mutant PIK3CA. We observed that combinations of lapatinib plus AKTi were synergistic in HER2/PIK3CAmut cell lines but not in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cell lines. We measured changes in phospho-protein levels in 15 cell lines after treatment with lapatinib, AKTi or lapatinib + AKTi to shedmore » light on the underlying signaling dynamics. This revealed that p-S6RP levels were less well attenuated by lapatinib in HER2+/PIK3CAmut cells compared to HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells and that lapatinib + AKTi reduced p-S6RP levels to those achieved in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells with lapatinib alone. We also found that that compensatory up-regulation of p-HER3 and p-HER2 is blunted in PIK3CAmut cells following lapatinib + AKTi treatment. Responses of HER2+ SKBR3 cells transfected with lentiviruses carrying control or PIK3CAmut sequences were similar to those observed in HER2+/PIK3CAmut cell lines but not in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cell lines. We used a nonlinear ordinary differential equation model to support the idea that PIK3CA mutations act as downstream activators of AKT that blunt lapatinib inhibition of downstream AKT signaling and that the effects of PIK3CA mutations can be countered by combining lapatinib with an AKTi. This combination does not confer substantial benefit beyond lapatinib in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells.« less

  10. Decoupling of the PI3K pathway via mutation necessitates combinatorial treatment in HER2+ breast cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Korkola, James E.; Collisson, Eric A.; Heiser, Laura; Oates, Chris; Bayani, Nora; Itani, Sleiman; Esch, Amanda; Thompson, Wallace; Griffith, Obi L.; Wang, Nicholas J.; Kuo, Wen -Lin; Cooper, Brian; Billig, Jessica; Ziyad, Safiyyah; Hung, Jenny L.; Jakkula, Lakshmi; Feiler, Heidi; Lu, Yiling; Mills, Gordon B.; Spellman, Paul T.; Tomlin, Claire; Mukherjee, Sach; Gray, Joe W.; Wong, Kwong -Kwok

    2015-07-16

    We report here on experimental and theoretical efforts to determine how best to combine drugs that inhibit HER2 and AKT in HER2+ breast cancers. We accomplished this by measuring cellular and molecular responses to lapatinib and the AKT inhibitors (AKTi) GSK690693 and GSK2141795 in a panel of 22 HER2+ breast cancer cell lines carrying wild type or mutant PIK3CA. We observed that combinations of lapatinib plus AKTi were synergistic in HER2/PIK3CAmut cell lines but not in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cell lines. We measured changes in phospho-protein levels in 15 cell lines after treatment with lapatinib, AKTi or lapatinib + AKTi to shed light on the underlying signaling dynamics. This revealed that p-S6RP levels were less well attenuated by lapatinib in HER2+/PIK3CAmut cells compared to HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells and that lapatinib + AKTi reduced p-S6RP levels to those achieved in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells with lapatinib alone. We also found that that compensatory up-regulation of p-HER3 and p-HER2 is blunted in PIK3CAmut cells following lapatinib + AKTi treatment. Responses of HER2+ SKBR3 cells transfected with lentiviruses carrying control or PIK3CAmut sequences were similar to those observed in HER2+/PIK3CAmut cell lines but not in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cell lines. We used a nonlinear ordinary differential equation model to support the idea that PIK3CA mutations act as downstream activators of AKT that blunt lapatinib inhibition of downstream AKT signaling and that the effects of PIK3CA mutations can be countered by combining lapatinib with an AKTi. This combination does not confer substantial benefit beyond lapatinib in HER2+/PIK3CAwt cells.

  11. Substantial Contribution of Anthropogenic Air Pollution to Catastrophi...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Substantial Contribution of Anthropogenic Air Pollution to Catastrophic Floods in Southwest China Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Substantial Contribution of ...

  12. New Refrigeration Technology Could Substantially Cut Energy Use |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy New Refrigeration Technology Could Substantially Cut Energy Use New Refrigeration Technology Could Substantially Cut Energy Use April 1, 2016 - 11:40pm Addthis New Energy Department-supported technologies under development at Ames National Laboratory could make refrigerators a substantially more energy efficient appliance. New Energy Department-supported technologies under development at Ames National Laboratory could make refrigerators a substantially more energy

  13. RF Sputtering for preparing substantially pure amorphous silicon monohydride

    DOEpatents

    Jeffrey, Frank R.; Shanks, Howard R.

    1982-10-12

    A process for controlling the dihydride and monohydride bond densities in hydrogenated amorphous silicon produced by reactive rf sputtering of an amorphous silicon target. There is provided a chamber with an amorphous silicon target and a substrate therein with the substrate and the target positioned such that when rf power is applied to the target the substrate is in contact with the sputtering plasma produced thereby. Hydrogen and argon are fed to the chamber and the pressure is reduced in the chamber to a value sufficient to maintain a sputtering plasma therein, and then rf power is applied to the silicon target to provide a power density in the range of from about 7 watts per square inch to about 22 watts per square inch to sputter an amorphous silicon hydride onto the substrate, the dihydride bond density decreasing with an increase in the rf power density. Substantially pure monohydride films may be produced.

  14. Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially Improve Combustion Engine Simulation Software Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to ...

  15. EERE Guidance on Manufactured Goods and Substantial Transformation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS EFFECTIVE DATE: MAY 24, 2010 SUBJECT: GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS SCOPE: This guidance applies to all state, local and tribal government recipients and sub-recipients (grantees and subgrantees) of Recovery Act financial assistance from the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). LEGAL AUTHORITY: Section 1605 of the

  16. Method of sealing an ultracapacitor substantially free of water

    DOEpatents

    Chapman-Irwin, Patricia; Feist, Thomas Paul

    2002-04-02

    A method of sealing an ultracapacitor substantially free of water is disclosed. The method includes providing a multilayer cell comprising two solid, non porous current collectors, separated by two porous electrodes with a separator between the two electrodes, sealing the cell with a reclosable hermetic closure. Water inside the closure is dissociated by an applied voltage to the cell and escapes in the form of hydrogen and oxygen when the closure is unmated, the closure is then mated to hermetically seal the cell which is substantially free of water.

  17. Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine) - Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation Portal Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine) Oak Ridge National Laboratory Contact ORNL About This Technology Projected performance/speed characteristics of the novel U-machine motor Projected performance/speed characteristics of the novel U-machine motor Technology Marketing SummaryA general concern based on the supply and demand trend of the permanent magnet (PM) raw materials suggests the need for elimination of these materials from electric motors

  18. Process for preparing superconducting film having substantially uniform phase development

    DOEpatents

    Bharacharya, R.; Parilla, P.A.; Blaugher, R.D.

    1995-12-19

    A process is disclosed for preparing a superconducting film, such as a thallium-barium-calcium-copper oxide superconducting film, having substantially uniform phase development. The process comprises providing an electrodeposition bath having one or more soluble salts of one or more respective potentially superconducting metals in respective amounts adequate to yield a superconducting film upon subsequent appropriate treatment. Should all of the metals required for producing a superconducting film not be made available in the bath, such metals can be a part of the ambient during a subsequent annealing process. A soluble silver salt in an amount between about 0.1% and about 4.0% by weight of the provided other salts is also provided to the bath, and the bath is electrically energized to thereby form a plated film. The film is annealed in ambient conditions suitable to cause formation of a superconductor film. Doping with silver reduces the temperature at which the liquid phase appears during the annealing step, initiates a liquid phase throughout the entire volume of deposited material, and influences the nucleation and growth of the deposited material. 3 figs.

  19. Process for preparing superconducting film having substantially uniform phase development

    DOEpatents

    Bharacharya, Raghuthan; Parilla, Philip A.; Blaugher, Richard D.

    1995-01-01

    A process for preparing a superconducting film, such as a thallium-barium-calcium-copper oxide superconducting film, having substantially uniform phase development. The process comprises providing an electrodeposition bath having one or more soluble salts of one or more respective potentially superconducting metals in respective amounts adequate to yield a superconducting film upon subsequent appropriate treatment. Should all of the metals required for producing a superconducting film not be made available in the bath, such metals can be a part of the ambient during a subsequent annealing process. A soluble silver salt in an amount between about 0.1% and about 4.0% by weight of the provided other salts is also provided to the bath, and the bath is electrically energized to thereby form a plated film. The film is annealed in ambient conditions suitable to cause formation of a superconductor film. Doping with silver reduces the temperature at which the liquid phase appears during the annealing step, initiates a liquid phase throughout the entire volume of deposited material, and influences the nucleation and growth of the deposited material.

  20. Substantial Transformation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    create a material that has different properties than the properties of the individual raw materials." See 2 C.F.R. 176.140(a)(1). The OMB guidelines further define a "domestic...

  1. Alloy substantially free of dendrites and method of forming the same

    DOEpatents

    de Figueredo, Anacleto M.; Apelian, Diran; Findon, Matt M.; Saddock, Nicholas

    2009-04-07

    Described herein are alloys substantially free of dendrites. A method includes forming an alloy substantially free of dendrites. A superheated alloy is cooled to form a nucleated alloy. The temperature of the nucleated alloy is controlled to prevent the nuclei from melting. The nucleated alloy is mixed to distribute the nuclei throughout the alloy. The nucleated alloy is cooled with nuclei distributed throughout.

  2. Controlled-release fertilizer composition substantially coated with an impermeable layer

    DOEpatents

    Ankeny, Mark

    2016-03-29

    A controlled-release fertilizer composition is provided that is substantially coated with an impermeable layer. The fertilizer composition may further include one or more hollow sections to allow for root penetration and efficient delivery of nutrients.

  3. Substantial tensile ductility in sputtered Zr-Ni-Al nano-sized metallic

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    glass (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Substantial tensile ductility in sputtered Zr-Ni-Al nano-sized metallic glass Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Substantial tensile ductility in sputtered Zr-Ni-Al nano-sized metallic glass Authors: Liontas, Rachel ; Jafary-Zadeh, Mehdi ; Zeng, Qiaoshi ; Zhang, Yong-Wei ; Mao, Wendy L. ; Greer, Julia R. Publication Date: 2016-10-01 OSTI Identifier: 1306618 Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation: Journal Name: Acta Materialia;

  4. Wnt5a signaling is a substantial constituent in bone morphogenetic protein-2-mediated osteoblastogenesis

    SciTech Connect

    Nemoto, Eiji; Ebe, Yukari; Kanaya, Sousuke; Tsuchiya, Masahiro; Nakamura, Takashi; Tamura, Masato; Shimauchi, Hidetoshi

    2012-06-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Wnt5a is identified in osteoblasts in tibial growth plate and bone marrow. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Osteoblastic differentiation is associated with increased expression of Wnt5a/Ror2. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Wnt5a/Ror2 signaling is important for BMP-2-mediated osteoblastic differentiation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Wnt5a/Ror2 operates independently of BMP-Smad pathway. -- Abstract: Wnts are secreted glycoproteins that mediate developmental and post-developmental physiology by regulating cellular processes including proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis through {beta}-catenin-dependent canonical and {beta}-catenin-independent noncanonical pathway. It has been reported that Wnt5a activates noncanonical Wnt signaling through receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 (Ror2). Although it appears that Wnt5a/Ror2 signaling supports normal bone physiology, the biological significance of noncanonical Wnts in osteogenesis is essentially unknown. In this study, we identified expression of Wnt5a in osteoblasts in the ossification zone of the tibial growth plate as well as bone marrow of the rat tibia as assessed by immunohistochemistry. In addition, we show that osteoblastic differentiation mediated by BMP-2 is associated with increased expression of Wnt5a and Ror2 using cultured pre-osteoblasts, MC3T3-E1 cells. Silencing gene expression of Wnt5a and Ror2 in MC3T3-E1 cells results in suppression of BMP-2-mediated osteoblastic differentiation, suggesting that Wnt5a and Ror2 signaling are of substantial importance for BMP-2-mediated osteoblastic differentiation. BMP-2 stimulation induced phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 in a similar fashion in both siWnt5a-treated cells and control cells, suggesting that Wnt5a was dispensable for the phosphorylation of Smads by BMP-2. Taken together, our results suggest that Wnt5a/Ror2 signaling appears to be involved in BMP-2-mediated osteoblast differentiation in a Smad independent

  5. Temperature limited heater with a conduit substantially electrically isolated from the formation

    DOEpatents

    Vinegar, Harold J.; Sandberg, Chester Ledlie

    2009-07-14

    A system for heating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. A conduit may be located in an opening in the formation. The conduit includes ferromagnetic material. An electrical conductor is positioned inside the conduit, and is electrically coupled to the conduit at or near an end portion of the conduit so that the electrical conductor and the conduit are electrically coupled in series. Electrical current flows in the electrical conductor in a substantially opposite direction to electrical current flow in the conduit during application of electrical current to the system. The flow of electrons is substantially confined to the inside of the conduit by the electromagnetic field generated from electrical current flow in the electrical conductor so that the outside surface of the conduit is at or near substantially zero potential at 25.degree. C. The conduit may generate heat and heat the formation during application of electrical current.

  6. Process for forming one or more substantially pure layers in substrate material using ion implantation

    DOEpatents

    Musket, Ronald G.; Brown, David W.; Munir, Zuhair A.

    1990-01-01

    A process is disclosed for forming a substantially pure layer of an implantable element in a substrate material by (a) selecting an implantable element and a substrate material to be implanted which, at the temperatures to be used, have limited mutual solubility in one another and do not form any intermediate phases with one another; (b) implanting a sufficient amount of the implantable element in the substrate material to permit formation of the desired substantially pure layer of the implantable element in the substrate material; and (c) annealing the implanted substrate material to form the desired layer. The annealing step may not be required if the desired layer was formed during the implantation.

  7. Process for forming one or more substantially pure layers in substrate material using ion implantation

    DOEpatents

    Musket, Ronald G.; Brown, David W.; Munir, Zuhair A.

    1992-01-01

    A process is disclosed for forming a substantially pure monocrystalline layer of an implantable element in a monocrystalline substrate material by (a) selecting an implantable element and a monocrystalline substrate material to be implanted which, at the temperatures to be used, have limited mutual solubility in one another and do not form any intermediate phases with one another; (b) implanting a sufficient amount of the implantable element in the substrate material to permit formation of the desired substantially pure layer of the implantable element in the substrate material; and (c) annealing the implanted substrate material to form the desired layer. The annealing step may not be required if the desired layer was formed during the implantation. Also disclosed is an article made by the process.

  8. Process for forming one or more substantially pure layers in substrate material using ion implantation

    DOEpatents

    Musket, R.G.; Brown, D.W.; Munir, Z.A.

    1990-12-11

    A process is disclosed for forming a substantially pure layer of an implantable element in a substrate material by (a) selecting an implantable element and a substrate material to be implanted which, at the temperatures to be used, have limited mutual solubility in one another and do not form any intermediate phases with one another; (b) implanting a sufficient amount of the implantable element in the substrate material to permit formation of the desired substantially pure layer of the implantable element in the substrate material; and (c) annealing the implanted substrate material to form the desired layer. The annealing step may not be required if the desired layer was formed during the implantation. 2 figs.

  9. Method for the substantial reduction of quenching effects in luminescence spectrometry

    DOEpatents

    Demas, J.N.; Jones, W.M.; Keller, R.A.

    1987-06-26

    Method for reducing quenching effects in analytical luminescence measurements. Two embodiments of the present invention are described which relate to a form of time resolution based on the amplitudes and phase shifts of modulated emission signals. In the first embodiment, the measured modulated emission signal is substantially independent of sample quenching at sufficiently high frequencies. In the second embodiment, the modulated amplitude and the phase shift between the emission signal and the excitation source are simultaneously measured. Using either method, the observed modulated amplitude may be reduced to its unquenched value. 3 figs.

  10. Method for the substantial reduction of quenching effects in luminescence spectrometry

    DOEpatents

    Demas, James N.; Jones, Wesley M.; Keller, Richard A.

    1989-01-01

    Method for reducing quenching effects in analytical luminescence measurements. Two embodiments of the present invention are described which relate to a form of time resolution based on the amplitudes and phase shifts of modulated emission signals. In the first embodiment, the measured modulated emission signal is substantially independent of sample quenching at sufficiently high frequenices. In the second embodiment, the modulated amplitude and the phase shift between the emission signal and the excitation source are simultaneously measured. Using either method, the observed modulated amplitude may reduced to tis unquenched value.

  11. Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates

    DOEpatents

    Elliott, G.R.B.; Barraclough, B.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

    1981-02-19

    A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus, and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

  12. Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates

    DOEpatents

    Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Barraclough, Bruce L. (Santa Fe, NM); Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1983-01-01

    A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus, carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

  13. Technical considerations for evaluating substantially complete containment of high-level waste within the waste package

    SciTech Connect

    Manaktala, H.K. . Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses); Interrante, C.G. . Div. of High-Level Waste Management)

    1990-12-01

    This report deals with technical information that is considered essential for demonstrating the ability of the high-level radioactive waste package to provide substantially complete containment'' of its contents (vitrified waste form or spent light-water reactor fuel) for a period of 300 to 1000 years in a geological repository environment. The discussion is centered around technical considerations of the repository environment, materials and fabrication processes for the waste package components, various degradation modes of the materials of construction of the waste packages, and inspection and monitoring of the waste package during the preclosure and retrievability period, which could begin up to 50 years after initiation of waste emplacement. The emphasis in this report is on metallic materials. However, brief references have been made to other materials such as ceramics, graphite, bonded ceramic-metal systems, and other types of composites. The content of this report was presented to an external peer review panel of nine members at a workshop held at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA), Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, April 2--4, 1990. The recommendations of the peer review panel have been incorporated in this report. There are two companion reports; the second report in the series provides state-of-the-art techniques for uncertainty evaluations. 97 refs., 1 fig.

  14. NSRD-06. Computational Capability to Substantiate DOE-HDBK-3010 Data

    SciTech Connect

    Louie, David L.Y.; Brown, Alexander L.

    2015-12-01

    Safety basis analysts throughout the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex rely heavily on the information provided in the DOE Hand book, DOE-HDBK-3010, Airborne Release Fractions/Rates and Resp irable Fractions for Nonreactor Nuclear Facilities , to determine source terms. In calcula ting source terms, analysts tend to use the DOE Handbook's bounding values on airbor ne release fractions (ARFs) and respirable fractions (RFs) for various cat egories of insults (representing potential accident release categories). This is typica lly due to both time constraints and the avoidance of regulatory critique. Unfort unately, these bounding ARFs/RFs represent extremely conservative values. Moreover, th ey were derived from very limited small- scale table-top and bench/labo ratory experiments and/or fr om engineered judgment. Thus the basis for the data may not be re presentative to the actual unique accident conditions and configura tions being evaluated. The goal of this res earch is to develop a more ac curate method to identify bounding values for the DOE Handbook using the st ate-of-art multi-physics-based high performance computer codes. This enable s us to better understand the fundamental physics and phenomena associated with the ty pes of accidents for the data described in it. This research has examined two of the DOE Handbook's liquid fire experiments to substantiate the airborne release frac tion data. We found th at additional physical phenomena (i.e., resuspension) need to be included to derive bounding values. For the specific cases of solid powder under pre ssurized condition and mechanical insult conditions the codes demonstrated that we can simulate the phenomena. This work thus provides a low-cost method to establis h physics-justified sa fety bounds by taking into account specific geometri es and conditions that may not have been previously measured and/or are too costly to do so.

  15. Injection of a Phase Modulated Source into the Z-Beamlet Laser for Increased Energy Extraction.

    SciTech Connect

    Rambo, Patrick K.; Armstrong, Darrell J.; Schwarz, Jens; Smith, Ian C; Shores, Jonathon; Speas, Christopher; Porter, John L.

    2014-11-01

    The Z-Beamlet laser has been operating at Sandia National Laboratories since 2001 to provide a source of laser-generated x-rays for radiography of events on the Z-Accelerator. Changes in desired operational scope have necessitated the increase in pulse duration and energy available from the laser system. This is enabled via the addition of a phase modulated seed laser as an alternative front-end. The practical aspects of deployment are discussed here.

  16. Substantial Contribution of Anthropogenic Air Pollution to Catastrophic Floods in Southwest China

    SciTech Connect

    Fan, Jiwen; Rosenfeld, Daniel; Yang, Yan; Zhao, Chun; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Li, Zhanqing

    2015-07-20

    Extreme events such as heat waves, floods, and droughts, have become more frequent since the 1950s1-2. This is likely caused through changes in greenhouse gases and aerosols that perturb the radiative balance and alter cloud processes3-8. On 8-9 July, 2013 a catastrophic flood devastated several metropolitan areas at the foothills of the Sichuan Basin. Using a high-resolution coupled atmosphere-chemistry model, we show that this disaster was not entirely natural. Ensemble simulations robustly show that the severe anthropogenic pollution in the Sichuan Basin significantly enhanced rainfall intensity over the mountainous area northwest of the basin. The heavy air pollution (mainly black carbon) absorbs solar radiation in the lower atmosphere at the expense of surface cooling, which stabilizes the atmosphere and suppresses convection and precipitation over the basin. The enhanced moisture and moist static energy over the basin are then transported by the prevailing winds towards the mountains during daytime. As the excessive moist air that reaches the foothills at night is orographically lifted, very strong convection develops and produces extremely heavy precipitation. Reducing black carbon (BC) emissions in the basin can effectively mitigate the extreme precipitation in the mountains. Unfortunately, BC emissions have been increasing in many developing countries including China9, making them more vulnerable to enhanced disasters as reported here.

  17. substantially reduced production costs

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    production costs - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy ...

  18. Approach to compliance with the NRC substantially complete containment requirement at the potential repository at Yucca Mountain

    SciTech Connect

    Stahl, D.; Nesbit, S.P.; Berkowitz, L.

    1995-12-01

    An approach to compliance with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) substantially complete containment (SCC) requirement found in the Title 10 Part 60 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) was developed by the Department of Energy (DOE). The approach is consistent with the regulation and is based on a new performance goal of a mean waste-package lifetime well in excess of 1,000 years. The NRC considers that achieving the DOE goal would be a reasonable implementation of the SCC requirement. The NRC has asked several additional questions. The DOE has responded to these questions and the DOE and the NRC are engaged in an ongoing dialog to resolve them.

  19. Disk Quota Increase Request

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Disk Quota Increase Disk Quota Increase Request NERSC will consider reasonable requests for changes in disk space and inode limits. Please submit a request through the "Request ...

  20. Polymers with increased order

    DOEpatents

    Sawan, Samuel P.; Talhi, Abdelhafid; Taylor, Craig M.

    1998-08-25

    The invention features polymers with increased order, and methods of making them featuring a dense gas.

  1. Solar collector apparatus having increased energy rejection during stagnation

    DOEpatents

    Moore, S.W.

    1981-01-16

    An active solar collector having increased energy rejection during stagnation is disclosed. The collector's glazing is brought into substantial contact with absorber during stagnation to increase re-emittance and thereby to maintan lower temperatures when the collector is not in operation.

  2. Solar collector apparatus having increased energy rejection during stagnation

    DOEpatents

    Moore, Stanley W.

    1983-07-12

    The disclosure relates to an active solar collector having increased energy rejection during stagnation. The collector's glazing is brought into substantial contact with absorber during stagnation to increase re-emittance and thereby to maintain lower temperatures when the collector is not in operation.

  3. Managing Increased Charging Demand

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Managing Increased Charging Demand Carrie Giles ICF International, Supporting the Workplace Charging Challenge Workplace Charging Challenge Do you already own an EV? Are you...

  4. Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading

    DOEpatents

    Farrington, Robert B.

    1994-01-01

    A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct.

  5. Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading

    DOEpatents

    Farrington, R.B.

    1994-08-16

    A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct. 11 figs.

  6. Residential propane price increases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.98 per gallon, up 1.1 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  7. Residential propane prices increase

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 3.9 cents from a week ago to 2.80 per gallon. That's up 53.7 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  8. Residential propane price increases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.96 per gallon, up 1.8 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  9. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.03 per gallon, up 1 cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  10. Residential propane prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose to 2.40 per gallon, up 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  11. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.41 per gallon, up 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  12. Residential propane price increases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.96 per gallon, up 7-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  13. Residential propane prices increase

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 4.8 cents from a week ago to 2.76 per gallon. That's up 51.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  14. Residential propane prices increase

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 5.5 cents per gallon from last week to 2.62 per gallon; up 37.4 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  15. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.00 per gallon, up 7-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  16. Residential propane prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 10.3 cents from a week ago to 2.96 per gallon. That's up 68.1 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  17. Residential propane prices increase

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 3.2 cents from a week ago to 2.86 per gallon. That's up 59.3 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  18. Residential propane prices increase

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 9.1 cents from a week ago to 2.71 per gallon. That's up 46.9 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  19. Residential propane prices increase

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 2.3 cents per gallon from last week to 2.57 per gallon; up 32.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  20. Residential propane price increases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.02 per gallon, up 5-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  1. Residential propane prices increase

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 2.5 cents from a week ago to 2.83 per gallon. That's up 56 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  2. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.98 per gallon, up 5-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  3. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.99 per gallon, up 3-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  4. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.01 per gallon, up 1.2 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  5. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.02 per gallon, up 4-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  6. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.97 per gallon, up 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  7. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2015 Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.36 per gallon, up half of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  8. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.02 per gallon, up 4-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.48 per gallon, down 1-tenth of a cent from last week, and down 43

  9. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.05 per gallon, up 3.5 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.46 per gallon, up 3.9 cents from last week, and up 8.3 cents

  10. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.07 per gallon, up 1.4 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.47 per gallon, up 1.5 cents from last week, and up 8.5 cents from a year ago.

  11. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.06 per gallon, down 9-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.48 per gallon, up 8-tenths of a cents from last week, and up 6.8

  12. Diesel prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at $4.00 a gallon, up 2.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.75 a gallon, up 8-tenths of a penny. This is Marlana Anderson, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact

  13. Diesel prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.11 a gallon, up 4.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 3.79 a gallon, up 1.7 cents.

  14. Diesel prices increase nationally

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.07 a gallon, up 1 1/2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.83 a gallon, up 7-tenths of a penny.

  15. Diesel prices slightly increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices slightly increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to $3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.07 a gallon, up half a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 3.77 a gallon, up 6-tenths of a penny.

  16. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.03 per gallon, up 4.3 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.44 per gallon, up 4.3 cents from last week, and up 7 cents from a year ago. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marcela Rourk at 202-586-4412

  17. Gas revenue increasingly significant

    SciTech Connect

    Megill, R.E.

    1991-09-01

    This paper briefly describes the wellhead prices of natural gas compared to crude oil over the past 70 years. Although natural gas prices have never reached price parity with crude oil, the relative value of a gas BTU has been increasing. It is one of the reasons that the total amount of money coming from natural gas wells is becoming more significant. From 1920 to 1955 the revenue at the wellhead for natural gas was only about 10% of the money received by producers. Most of the money needed for exploration, development, and production came from crude oil. At present, however, over 40% of the money from the upstream portion of the petroleum industry is from natural gas. As a result, in a few short years natural gas may become 50% of the money revenues generated from wellhead production facilities.

  18. Substantial Transformation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Frequently Asked Questions Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Buy American Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Grant Recipient Management Handbook...

  19. Material and methods to increase plant growth and yield

    SciTech Connect

    Kirst, Matias

    2015-09-15

    The present invention relates to materials and methods for modulating growth rates, yield, and/or resistance to drought conditions in plants. In one embodiment, a method of the invention comprises increasing expression of an hc1 gene (or a homolog thereof that provides for substantially the same activity), or increasing expression or activity of the protein encoded by an hc1 gene thereof, in a plant, wherein expression of the hc1 gene or expression or activity of the protein encoded by an hc1 gene results in increased growth rate, yield, and/or drought resistance in the plant.

  20. Optimizing Blast Furnace Operation to Increase Efficiency and Lower Costs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Optimizing Blast Furnace Operation to Increase Efficiency and Lower Costs State-of-the-Art Computational Fluid Dynamics Model Optimizes Fuel Rate in Blast Furnaces The blast furnace (BF) is the most widely used ironmaking process in the U.S. A major advance in BF ironmaking has been the use of pulverized coal which partially replaces metallurgi- cal coke. This results in substantial improvement in furnace effciency and thus the reductions of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

  1. Increasing Sugar Yields with IL-final-sm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ionic Liquid Processing Increasing sugar yields from diverse biomass feedstock with ionic liquid processing and cultivation of renewable ionic liquids Liberating Sugars from Biomass Lignocellulose, one of the most abundant plants on Earth, has the potential to displace a substantial portion of the fossil fuels currently consumed within the transportation sector. Converting lignocellulose to biofuels requires the disruption of the lignin-carbohydrate complex within the plant and conversion into

  2. Experiments Performed in Substantiation of the Conditioning of BN-350 Spent Cesium Traps Using Lead or Lead-Bismuth Alloy Filling Technology

    SciTech Connect

    O. Romanenko; I. Tazhibaeva; I. Yakovlev; A. Ivanov; D. Wells; A. Herrick; J. Michelbacher; S. Shiganakov

    2009-05-01

    The technology of cleaning cesium radionuclides from sodium coolant at the BN-350 fast reactor was realized in the form of cesium traps of two types: stationary devices connected to the circuit that was to be cleaned and in-core devices installed into the core of reactor when it was not under operation. Carbon-graphite materials were used as sorbents to collect and concentrate radioactive cesium, accumulated in the BN-350 reactor circuits over the decades of their operation, in relatively small volume traps which provided effective radiation-safe conditions for personnel working in proximity to the coolant and equipment of the primary circuit during BN-350 decommissioning. Spent cesium traps, as products unfit for further use, represent solid radioactive wastes. The presence of chemically active sodium, potassium and cesium that are able to react violently with water results in series of problems related to their disposal in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Considering the technology of filling spent cesium traps with lead/lead-bismuth alloy as a priority one for their conditioning, evaluations for safety substantiation were implemented. A set of experiments was implemented aimed at verification of calculations performed in substantiation of the proposed technology: filling a full scale cesium trap mock-up with sodium followed by its draining to determine the optimal regimes of draining; filling bench scale cesium trap mock-ups with sodium and cesium followed by sodium draining and filling with lead or lead-bismuth alloy at different temperatures and filling rates to chose the optimal regimes for filling spent cesium traps; implementation of leachability tests to determine the rate of cesium release from the filling materials into water. This paper provides a description of the experimental program carried out and the main results obtained.

  3. Semiautomatic cold wire feeder systems increase GTA productivity

    SciTech Connect

    Richardson, M. )

    1995-01-01

    Often, the focus of attempts to increase GTA welding productivity is on studies to determine if justification exists for additional workstations, or for the investment in new fully automated dedicated welding fixtures. Often less costly and simpler solutions can bring about the necessary means to increase production rates and reduce operating costs. For short-run production applications, it is almost impossible to justify the substantial investment in a dedicated automatic fixture. Now, low cost GTA cold wire feeder systems are within the reach of even small shops. The paper views how cold wire equipment has been applied in several GTAW applications to improve results.

  4. Increasing FCC regenerator catalyst level

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, R.F. )

    1993-11-01

    A Peruvian FCC unit's operations were improved by increasing the regenerator's catalyst level. This increase resulted in lower stack losses, an improved temperature profile, increased catalyst activity and a lower catalyst consumption rate. A more stable operation saved this Peruvian refiner over $131,000 per year in catalyst alone. These concepts and data may be suitable for your FCC unit as well.

  5. Gasoline prices increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.69 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  6. Residential heating oil price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential heating oil price increases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 1.4 cents from a week ago to $2.38 per gallon. That's down 4.9 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to $2.32 per gallon, up 3 cents from last week, and down 5.2 cents

  7. Residential heating oil prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 5.4 cents from a week ago to $4.04 per gallon. That's up 4.9 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to 4.02 per gallon, up 5.6 cents from last week, and up 8

  8. Residential heating oil prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3, 2014 Residential heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 4.4 cents from a week ago to $4.06 per gallon. That's up 4.1 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to 4.03 per gallon, up 2.5 cents from last week, and up 6

  9. Residential heating oil prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 12 cents from a week ago to $4.18 per gallon. That's up 13 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to 4.13 per gallon, up 9.8 cents from last week, and up 12.9 cents from a

  10. Residential heating oil prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 3.9 cents last week to $3.96 per gallon. That's down 2.6 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The price for heating oil in the New England region averaged 3.92 per gallon, up 5.2 cents from last week, and 1.7

  11. Residential heating oil prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 2.9 cents from a week ago to $3.98 per gallon. That's up 6-tenths of a penny from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to 3.96 per gallon, up 4.1 cents from last week, and up 4.8

  12. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.12 a gallon, up 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 3.80 a gallon, up 1.3 cents.

  13. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to its highest average since September at $3.95 a gallon. That's up 4.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.31 a gallon, up 13.4 cents from a week ago and marking the highest average this region has seen since last February. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 3.78 a gallon,

  14. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.98 a gallon. That's up 2.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.37 a gallon, up 6.4 cents from a week ago and marking the highest average this region has seen since August 2008. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 3.79 a gallon, up 1.3 cents.

  15. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.89 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. For the first time this year, the West Coast surpassed New England for the highest regional diesel prices at 4.01 a gallon, up 3.9 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.78 a gallon, up 3.6 cents

  16. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.01 a gallon, up 4 cents from a week ago, followed by the West Coast region at 4.00 a gallon, up 4.6 cents. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region and Lower Atlantic States at 3.80 a gallon.

  17. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.05 a gallon, up 4.2 cents from a week ago, followed closely by the West Coast region at 4.04 a gallon, up 4.4 cents. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.84 a gallon, up 4.3 cents.

  18. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.92 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Regionally, diesel prices were highest in New England at 4.06 a gallon, up 1.4 cents from a week ago, followed closely by the West Coast states at 4.05 a gallon, up 1.1 cents. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.85 a gallon, up 4-tenths of a

  19. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.98 a gallon on Labor Day Monday. That's up 6.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.13 a gallon, up 5.6 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.90 a gallon, up 6.8 cents.

  20. Diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.04 a gallon, up 3.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.78 a gallon, up 2.7cents. This is Marlana Anderson, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact

  1. Diesel prices slightly increase nationally

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices slightly increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to $3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.06 a gallon, up 1.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.82 a gallon, down 2-tenths of a penny.

  2. Residential heating oil price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil price increases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 11.2 cents from a week ago to $2.91 per gallon. That's down $1.33 from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to $2.87 per gallon, up 9.8 cents from last week, and down $1.29 from a year ago. This is Marcela Rourk with EIA, in Washington.

  3. Residential heating oil price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9, 2015 Residential heating oil price increases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 11.7 cents from a week ago to $3.03 per gallon. That's down $1.20 from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to $2.99 per gallon, up 12 cents from last week, and down $1.16 from a year ago. This is Marcela Rourk

  4. Residential heating oil price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5, 2015 Residential heating oil price increases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 14.7 cents from a week ago to $3.19 per gallon. That's down $1.06 from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to $3.15 per gallon, up 15.9 cents from last week, and down $1.00 from a year ago. This is Marcela Rourk

  5. Residential heating oil price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil price increases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 10.3 cents from a week ago to $3.29 per gallon. That's down 93.7 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to $3.26 per gallon, up 10.4 cents from last week, and down 89.3 cents from a year ago. This is Marcela Rourk

  6. Residential heating oil price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential heating oil price increases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 6.3 cents from a week ago to $2.36 per gallon. That's down 7.6 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to $2.29 per gallon, up 4.9 cents from last week, and down 8.9 cents from a year ago. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marcela Rourk at

  7. Residential heating oil price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential heating oil price increases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 1.2 cents from a week ago to $2.39 per gallon. That's down 3 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to $2.33 per gallon, up 1.1 cents from last week, and down 3.9 cents from a year ago.

  8. Residential heating oil prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5, 2014 Residential heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 6.5 cents from a week ago to $4.24 per gallon. That's up 14.9 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region rose to 4.17 per gallon, up 4.1 cents from last week, and up 13.4 cents from a year ago. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marcela

  9. Residential heating oil prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4, 2013 Residential heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 2.9 cents from last week to $3.92 per gallon. That's down 11 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The price for heating oil in the New England region averaged 3.87 per gallon, up 2.5 cents from last week, but down 7.1 cents from a year earlier. This is Marlana Anderson

  10. RANGE INCREASER FOR PNEUMATIC GAUGES

    DOEpatents

    Fowler, A.H.; Seaborn, G.B. Jr.

    1960-09-27

    An improved pneumatic gage is offered in which the linear range has been increased without excessive air consumption. This has been accomplished by providing an expansible antechamber connected to the nozzle of the gage so that the position of the nozzle with respect to the workpiece is varied automatically by variation in pressure within the antechamber. This arrangement ensures that the nozzle-to-workpiece clearance is maintained within certain limits, thus obtaining a linear relation of air flow to nozzle-to-workpiece clearance over a wider range.

  11. Requesting an Increase in Allocation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Home » For Users » Accounts & Allocations » Allocations » Request More Time Requesting an Increase in Allocation If your project runs out of MPP time the project PI or its proxies may request additional time by sending an email to the DOE Allocations Manager responsible for NERSC Allocations in your DOE Science Office and Program. Your DOE Office and Program are displayed in the Project Information tab in NIM's Repository display area. To see this information, type your repo name in the

  12. CO2 Capture and Regeneration at Low Temperatures: Novel Non-Aqueous CO2 Solvents and Capture Process with Substantially Reduced Energy Penalties

    SciTech Connect

    2010-07-01

    IMPACCT Project: RTI is developing a solvent and process that could significantly reduce the temperature associated with regenerating solvent and CO2 captured from the exhaust gas of coal-fired power plants. Traditional CO2 removal processes using water-based solvents require significant amount of steam from power plants in order to regenerate the solvent so it can be reused after each reaction. RTI’s solvents can be better at absorbing CO2 than many water-based solvents, and are regenerated at lower temperatures using less steam. Thus, industrial heat that is normally too cool to re-use can be deployed for regeneration, rather than using high-value steam. This saves the power plant money, which results in increased cost savings for consumers.

  13. Substantial Variability Exists in Utilities' Nuclear Decommissioning Funding Adequacy: Baseline Trends (1997-2001); and Scenario and Sensitivity Analyses (Year 2001)

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, D. G.

    2003-02-26

    This paper explores the trends over 1997-2001 in my baseline simulation analysis of the sufficiency of electric utilities' funds to eventually decommission the nation's nuclear power plants. Further, for 2001, I describe the utilities' funding adequacy results obtained using scenario and sensitivity analyses, respectively. In this paper, I focus more on the wide variability observed in these adequacy measures among utilities than on the results for the ''average'' utility in the nuclear industry. Only individual utilities, not average utilities -- often used by the nuclear industry to represent its funding adequacy -- will decommission their nuclear plants. Industry-wide results tend to mask the varied results for individual utilities. This paper shows that over 1997-2001, the variability of my baseline decommissioning funding adequacy measures (in percentages) for both utility fund balances and current contributions has remained very large, reflected in the sizable ranges and frequency distributions of these percentages. The relevance of this variability for nuclear decommissioning funding adequacy is, of course, focused more on those utilities that show below ideal balances and contribution levels. Looking backward, 42 of 67 utility fund (available) balances, in 2001, were above (and 25 below) their ideal baseline levels; in 1997, 42 of 76 were above (and 34 below) ideal levels. Of these, many utility balances were far above, and many far below, such ideal levels. The problem of certain utilities continuing to show balances much below ideal persists even with increases in the adequacy of ''average'' utility balances.

  14. Gratings for Increasing Solid-State Laser Gain and Efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Erlandson, A C; Britten, J A; Bonlie, J D

    2010-04-16

    We introduce new concepts for increasing the efficiency of solid state lasers by using gratings deposited on laser slabs or disks. The gratings improve efficiency in two ways: (1) by coupling out of the slab deleterious amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) and (2) by increasing the absorption efficiency of pump light. The gratings also serve as antireflective coatings for the extracting laser beam. To evaluate the potential for such coatings to improve laser performance, we calculated optical properties of a 2500 groove/mm, tantala-silica grating on a 1cm x 4cm x 8cm titanium-doped sapphire slab and performed ray-trace calculations for ASE and pump light. Our calculations show substantial improvements in efficiency due to grating ASE-coupling properties. For example, the gratings reduce pump energy required to produce a 0.6/cm gain coefficient by 9%, 20% and 35% for pump pulse durations of 0.5 {micro}s, 1{micro}s and 3{micro}s, respectively. Gratings also increase 532-nm pump-light absorption efficiency, particularly when the product slab overall absorption is small. For example, when the single-pass absorption is 1 neper, absorption efficiency increases from 66%, without gratings, to 86%, when gratings are used.

  15. Substantially parallel flux uncluttered rotor machines

    DOEpatents

    Hsu, John S.

    2012-12-11

    A permanent magnet-less and brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by polyphase alternating currents. An uncluttered rotor is positioned within the magnetic rotating field and is spaced apart from the stator. An excitation core is spaced apart from the stator and the uncluttered rotor and magnetically couples the uncluttered rotor. The brushless excitation source generates a magnet torque by inducing magnetic poles near an outer peripheral surface of the uncluttered rotor, and the stator currents also generate a reluctance torque by a reaction of the difference between the direct and quadrature magnetic paths of the uncluttered rotor. The system can be used either as a motor or a generator

  16. Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency ...

  17. Report: Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Report: Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric Power Sector Report: Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the ...

  18. Development of Advanced Combustion Technologies for Increased...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Advanced Combustion Technologies for Increased Thermal Efficiency Development of Advanced Combustion Technologies for Increased Thermal Efficiency Investigation of fuel effects on ...

  19. INCREASING WATERFLOOD RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH IMPROVED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT

    SciTech Connect

    Scott Walker; Chris Phillips; Roy Koerner; Don Clarke; Dan Moos; Kwasi Tagbor

    2002-02-28

    This project increased recoverable waterflood reserves in slope and basin reservoirs through improved reservoir characterization and reservoir management. The particular application of this project is in portions of Fault Blocks IV and V of the Wilmington Oil Field, in Long Beach, California, but the approach is widely applicable in slope and basin reservoirs. Transferring technology so that it can be applied in other sections of the Wilmington Field and by operators in other slope and basin reservoirs is a primary component of the project. This project used advanced reservoir characterization tools, including the pulsed acoustic cased-hole logging tool, geologic three-dimensional (3-D) modeling software, and commercially available reservoir management software to identify sands with remaining high oil saturation following waterflood. Production from the identified high oil saturated sands was stimulated by recompleting existing production and injection wells in these sands using conventional means as well as a short radius redrill candidate. Although these reservoirs have been waterflooded over 40 years, researchers have found areas of remaining oil saturation. Areas such as the top sand in the Upper Terminal Zone Fault Block V, the western fault slivers of Upper Terminal Zone Fault Block V, the bottom sands of the Tar Zone Fault Block V, and the eastern edge of Fault Block IV in both the Upper Terminal and Lower Terminal Zones all show significant remaining oil saturation. Each area of interest was uncovered emphasizing a different type of reservoir characterization technique or practice. This was not the original strategy but was necessitated by the different levels of progress in each of the project activities.

  20. METHOD OF OPPOSING IRRADIATION-INDUCED VISCOSITY INCREASE IN EMPLOYMENT OF ORGANIC FLUIDS

    DOEpatents

    Balt, R.O.

    1961-10-24

    A method is described for conducting mechanical operations necessitating the use of a lubricant in a medium operaject to reactor irradiation of 0.5 x 10/ sup 12/ to 1 x 10/sup 12/ neut rons/ cm/sup 2//sec. A thiopolyether lubricant such as 16, 19-dioxa-13, 22-dithiatetratriacontane is used. (AEC)

  1. ARM - Will There be Increased Global Precipitation?

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Will There be Increased Global Precipitation? Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Will There be Increased Global Precipitation? Very probable. Along with an increase in air temperature might be an increase in evaporation, which could lead to greater global precipitation. The

  2. Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative: Increasing American Competitive...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Manufacturing Initiative: Increasing American Competitiveness Through Innovation Clean ... Manufacturing Initiative (CEMI), a collaborative effort between the federal government, ...

  3. Advancing Commercialization of Algal Biofuels through Increased...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Advancing Commercialization of Algal Biofuels through Increased Biomass Productivity ... including: NAABB, Cornell's Marine Algal Biofuels Consortium, ATP3. * Participation in ...

  4. Isotope Production in Light of Increasing Demand

    SciTech Connect

    Patton, B.

    2004-10-05

    This presentation is a part of the panel discussion on isotope production in light of increasing demand.

  5. Market overview: Increase in uranium prices continues

    SciTech Connect

    1996-04-01

    Spot market activity totaled just over 200,000 lbs of U308 equivalent. The restricted uranium spot market price range increased from a high last month of $14.75/lb U308 to a low this month of $15.25/lb U308. There was also an increase in the unrestricted range this month with the upper end of the range increasing by $0.50/lb U308. The lower end of the spot conversion price range increased by R0.35/kg U while the upper end of the separative work price range increased by $2.00/SWU.

  6. DREAM tool increases space weather predictions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    DREAM tool increases space weather predictions Model addresses radiation hazards of the space environment on space systems. April 13, 2012 Scientists studying Earth's radiation ...

  7. Increasing Scientific Productivity by Tracking Data

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    than its predecessor. To effectively meet the increasing scientific demand for storage systems and services, the center's staff must first understand how data moves within the...

  8. Increasing Federal Office Building Water Efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    2010-04-21

    Quick guide to increasing Federal office building water efficiency, water management planning, performing a water audit, calculating a water balance, and best management practices.

  9. BPA proposes rate increase to bolster

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    proposed a 9.6 percent average wholesale power rate increase to compensate for reduced revenue expectations from surplus power sales and to continue funding needed investments in...

  10. Superior Energy Performance: Certifying Increased Energy Productivity...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Introduction to the Superior Energy Performance program Certifying Increased Energy Productivity under ISO 50001 July 2016 Deloitte Sustainability Survey A global survey in 14 ...

  11. Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency October 31, 2013 - 5:01pm Addthis The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center in Clearfield, Utah. Weatherization Training Centers throughout the nation teach workers valuable skills needed to improve energy efficiency of homes. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain

  12. SES Performance-Based Pay Increase

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    An agency may provide a pay increase to allow a senior executive to advance his or her relative position with the SES rate range only upon a determination by the authorized agency official that the executive’s individual performance and/or contribution to agency performance so warrant. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of Outstanding or equivalent may be considered for an annual pay increase. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of less than Fully Successful or equivalent may not receive an increase in pay for the current appraisal period. The expectation is that executives who are paid consistent with their current level of responsibilities and who receive an acceptable (“Fully Successful” or better) annual summary rating will be eligible to receive a discretionary performance-based pay increase. Pay increases that advance an executive's position in the SES rate range restart the clock under the 12-month rule.

  13. Evolution of Wholesale Electricity Market Design with Increasing Levels of Renewable Generation

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Bloom, A.; Botterud, A.; Townsend, A.; Levin, T.

    2014-09-01

    Variable generation such as wind and photovoltaic solar power has increased substantially in recent years. Variable generation has unique characteristics compared to the traditional technologies that supply energy in the wholesale electricity markets. These characteristics create unique challenges in planning and operating the power system, and they can also influence the performance and outcomes from electricity markets. This report focuses on two particular issues related to market design: revenue sufficiency for long-term reliability and incentivizing flexibility in short-term operations. The report provides an overview of current design and some designs that have been proposed by industry or researchers.

  14. Multiwire conductor having greatly increased interwire resistance and method for making same

    DOEpatents

    Luhman, T.; Suenaga, M.

    1982-03-15

    An improved multiwire conductor of the type which is mechanically stabilized by a tin based solder filler is described. A solder filled conductor is heated to a temperature above its melting point for a period long enough to allow a substantial amount of copper to be dissolved from the wires comprising the conductor. The copper forms the brittle intermetallic compound Cu/sub 5/Sn/sub 6/ with tin in the solder. After cooling the conductor is flexed causing a random cracking of the solder, and thereby increasing the interwire resistance of the conductor. The subject invention is particularly adapted for use with braided, ribbon-type solder filled superconductors.

  15. Multiwire conductor having greatly increased interwire resistance and method for making same

    DOEpatents

    Luhman, Thomas; Suenaga, Masaki

    1984-01-17

    An improved multiwire conductor of the type which is mechanically stabilized by a tin based solder filler. A solder filled conductor is heated to a temperature above its melting point for a period long enough to allow a substantial amount of copper to be dissolved from the wires comprising the conductor. The copper forms the brittle intermetallic compound Cu.sub.5 Sn.sub.6 with tin in the solder. After cooling the conductor is flexed causing a random cracking of the solder, and thereby increasing the interwire resistance of the conductor. The subject invention is particularly adapted for use with braided, ribbon-type solder filled superconductors.

  16. Ethanologenic bacteria with increased resistance to furfural

    DOEpatents

    Miller, Elliot Norman; Jarboe, Laura R.; Yomano, Lorraine P.; York, Sean W.; Shanmugam, Keelnatham; Ingram, Lonnie O'Neal

    2015-10-06

    The invention relates to bacterium that have increased resistance to furfural and methods of preparation. The invention also relates to methods of producing ethanol using the bacterium and corresponding kits.

  17. The ways of SOFC systems efficiency increasing

    SciTech Connect

    Demin, A.K.; Timofeyeva, N.

    1996-04-01

    The efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is described. This paper considers methods to lift the fuel utilization and/or the average cell voltage with the goal of increasing the cell efficiency by improved cell designs.

  18. Gasoline prices show sharp increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline saw its sharpest increase this year at 3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's up 18.1 cents from a week ago, based on ...

  19. Gasoline prices show sharp increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline saw its sharpest increase this year at 3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's up 18.1 cents from a week ago, based on the ...

  20. Increasing Energy Security | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Security Increasing Energy Security January 20, 2012 - 4:01pm Addthis Increasing Energy Security Heather Zichal Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Editor's note: This article is cross-posted from WhiteHouse.gov. There is a lot of discussion lately about domestic energy production and American energy security. For the Obama Administration, moving towards the goal of energy independence has been a clear priority since day one. When President Obama took office,

  1. STEO January 2013 - oil production increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    oil production to increase in 2013 and 2014 U.S. crude oil production is expected to keep rising over the next two years. America's oil output will jump nearly 900,000 barrels per day in 2013 to an average 7.3 million barrels a day, according to the latest monthly forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This would mark the biggest one-year increase in output since U.S. commercial crude oil production began in 1859. U.S. daily oil production is expected to rise by another

  2. U.S. diesel fuel prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel increased to $2.39 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.66 a gallon, up 1.8 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.25 a gallon, up 2 cents. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA in Washington.

  3. Gasoline price shows small increase (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    shows small increase (Short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.32 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  4. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.44 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  5. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.48 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 ½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  6. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  7. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  8. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  9. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  10. Porous radiant burners having increased radiant output

    DOEpatents

    Tong, Timothy W.; Sathe, Sanjeev B.; Peck, Robert E.

    1990-01-01

    Means and methods for enhancing the output of radiant energy from a porous radiant burner by minimizing the scattering and increasing the adsorption, and thus emission of such energy by the use of randomly dispersed ceramic fibers of sub-micron diameter in the fabrication of ceramic fiber matrix burners and for use therein.

  11. Holographic technology could increase solar efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Torrance, Calif.-based company is working on a product that could help solar energy producers get both kinds of energy out of the same sunlight -- potentially increasing a system’s return. Using holographic thin-film, Luminit is working on a solar cogeneration system that also tracks sunlight across the sky without movable parts.

  12. Increasing security in inter-chip communication

    SciTech Connect

    Edwards, Nathan J; Hamlet, Jason; Bauer, Todd; Helinski, Ryan

    2014-10-28

    An apparatus for increasing security in inter-chip communication includes a sending control module, a communication bus, and a receiving control module. The communication bus is coupled between the sending control module and the receiving control module. The sending control module operates to send data on the communication bus, disable the communication bus when threats are detected, or both.

  13. Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy January 9, 2013 - 12:30pm Addthis Europium, a rare earth element that has the same relative hardness of lead, is used to create fluorescent lightbulbs. With no proven substitutes, europium is considered critical to the clean energy economy. | Photo courtesy of the Ames Laboratory. Europium, a rare earth element that has the same relative hardness

  14. U.S. monthly coal production increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    monthly coal production increases U.S. coal production in July totaled 88.9 million short tons, the highest level since August 2012, according to preliminary data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Total production during July 2013 was up 3 percent from the previous July's output. The turnaround comes as power plants are using more coal to generate electricity, reflecting higher electricity demand....and the fact that coal prices this year are more competitive with higher-priced

  15. Increasing Biofuel Deployment through Renewable Super Premium

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Demonstration & Market Transformation Platform Tim Theiss, ORNL Bob McCormick, NREL Jeongwoo Han, ANL Increasing Biofuel Deployment through Renewable Super Premium 2015 Bioenergy Technologies Office Peer Review March 23, 2015 2 | Bioenergy Technologies Office Project Goals are Aligned with DMT & BETO Goals 2025 CAFE Standards (U.S. EPA and U.S. NHTSA standards) FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS 70% NO x & PM, 85% NMOG < 10 ppm sulfur in gasoline (U.S. EPA Tier 3 regulations) EMISSIONS

  16. Increasing Solar Efficiency through Luminescent Solar Concentrators -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Increasing Biofuel Deployment and Utilization through Development of Renewable Super Premium: Infrastructure Assessment K. Moriarty National Renewable Energy Laboratory M. Kass and T. Theiss Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-5400-61684 November 2014 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National

  17. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    , 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.48 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 ½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.71 a gallon, up 5.6 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.23 a gallon, up 1.8 cents. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA, in Washington.

  18. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    March 10, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.76 a gallon, up 4.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.25 a gallon, up 2 ½ cents.

  19. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.81 a gallon, up 5½ cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.28 a gallon, up 3.1 cents. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA, in Washington.

  20. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    14, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.98 a gallon, up 9.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain states at 3.44 a gallon, down 8-tenths of a penny

  1. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    21, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.03 a gallon, up a nickel from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain states at 3.45 a gallon, up 8-tenths of a penny

  2. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    24, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.44 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.65 a gallon, up 8 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.21 a gallon, up

  3. Final Technical Report: Increasing Prediction Accuracy.

    SciTech Connect

    King, Bruce Hardison; Hansen, Clifford; Stein, Joshua

    2015-12-01

    PV performance models are used to quantify the value of PV plants in a given location. They combine the performance characteristics of the system, the measured or predicted irradiance and weather at a site, and the system configuration and design into a prediction of the amount of energy that will be produced by a PV system. These predictions must be as accurate as possible in order for finance charges to be minimized. Higher accuracy equals lower project risk. The Increasing Prediction Accuracy project at Sandia focuses on quantifying and reducing uncertainties in PV system performance models.

  4. Middle East sparking increase in world drilling

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-02-01

    Global drilling outside the United States appears to have bottomed out last year if official numbers and estimates supplied to World oil prove accurate. The 1990:0090 forecast calls for a 7.8% boost to 22,316 wells (excluding the USSR, Eastern Europe and North Korea), and every region expects to see a net increase. Figures provided by governmental agencies, operating companies and other sources indicate Middle Eastern drilling last year hit a new high for the 1980's with 948 wells. These figures are also given for Western Europe, the Far East, Africa, South America, Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, and Guatemala.

  5. Environmental implications of increased biomass energy use

    SciTech Connect

    Miles, T.R. Sr.; Miles, T.R. Jr. , Portland, OR )

    1992-03-01

    This study reviews the environmental implications of continued and increased use of biomass for energy to determine what concerns have been and need to be addressed and to establish some guidelines for developing future resources and technologies. Although renewable biomass energy is perceived as environmentally desirable compared with fossil fuels, the environmental impact of increased biomass use needs to be identified and recognized. Industries and utilities evaluating the potential to convert biomass to heat, electricity, and transportation fuels must consider whether the resource is reliable and abundant, and whether biomass production and conversion is environmentally preferred. A broad range of studies and events in the United States were reviewed to assess the inventory of forest, agricultural, and urban biomass fuels; characterize biomass fuel types, their occurrence, and their suitability; describe regulatory and environmental effects on the availability and use of biomass for energy; and identify areas for further study. The following sections address resource, environmental, and policy needs. Several specific actions are recommended for utilities, nonutility power generators, and public agencies.

  6. Consumers face $5. 9 million rate increase

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-11-01

    Testimony at hearings before the Garrison Diversion Compromise Commission claimed that rural consumers in the Upper Midwest could face $5.9 million in electric rate increases if the commission deauthorizes the project and hydroelectric rates go up to pay the costs of the 1944 Pick-Sloan project originally assigned to irrigation. If there is no irrigation development, the revenue that irrigation must raise to repay the $67 million debt assigned to irrigation must be reassigned to hydroelectric power. The commission represents a compromise between supporters and opponents of the Garrison Diversion project. Spokesmen for regional utilities spoke in support of the project as an investment whose costs have escalated because of delays at the expense of economic development in North Dakota.

  7. Backsurging perforations can increase production rates

    SciTech Connect

    Brieger, E.F.

    1991-07-01

    Subjecting formations to a large pressure differential or underbalance is a common means of surging perforations to remove damage and increase flow from oil and gas wells. Underbalanced perforating, a standard industry completion technique, is normally used to obtain the pressure differentials intended to dislodge debris from perforations and flush the surrounding compacted zone. Gradually applied pressure underbalance can be achieved by swabbing or jetting to reduce hydrostatic head. Suddenly applied underbalance is achieved by evacuating the tubing in conjunction with a rupture disc, tubing-conveyed perforating systems or by using a new wireline-set, through-tubing backsurge tool. These techniques, except for the through-tubing method, are often utilized only during later workovers due to the expense and difficulty of achieving an adequate underbalance. Many operators prefer to perforate in balanced or overbalanced pressures conditions. This typically leaves perforations completely or partially plugged with gun debris, mud solids and shattered formation material that has been recompacted. Production logging shows that wells often produce from only 10 to 20% of the total interval apparently because of ineffective, plugged perforations.

  8. Coal liquefaction process with increased naphtha yields

    DOEpatents

    Ryan, Daniel F.

    1986-01-01

    An improved process for liquefying solid carbonaceous materials wherein the solid carbonaceous material is slurried with a suitable solvent and then subjected to liquefaction at elevated temperature and pressure to produce a normally gaseous product, a normally liquid product and a normally solid product. The normally liquid product is further separated into a naphtha boiling range product, a solvent boiling range product and a vacuum gas-oil boiling range product. At least a portion of the solvent boiling-range product and the vacuum gas-oil boiling range product are then combined and passed to a hydrotreater where the mixture is hydrotreated at relatively severe hydrotreating conditions and the liquid product from the hydrotreater then passed to a catalytic cracker. In the catalytic cracker, the hydrotreater effluent is converted partially to a naphtha boiling range product and to a solvent boiling range product. The naphtha boiling range product is added to the naphtha boiling range product from coal liquefaction to thereby significantly increase the production of naphtha boiling range materials. At least a portion of the solvent boiling range product, on the other hand, is separately hydrogenated and used as solvent for the liquefaction. Use of this material as at least a portion of the solvent significantly reduces the amount of saturated materials in said solvent.

  9. Vertical barriers with increased sorption capacities

    SciTech Connect

    Bradl, H.B.

    1997-12-31

    Vertical barriers are commonly used for the containment of contaminated areas. Due to the very small permeability of the barrier material which is usually in the order of magnitude of 10-10 m/s or less the advective contaminant transport can be more or less neglected. Nevertheless, there will always be a diffusive contaminant transport through the barrier which is caused by the concentration gradient. Investigations have been made to increase the sorption capacity of the barrier material by adding substances such as organoclays, zeolites, inorganic oxides and fly ashes. The contaminants taken into account where heavy metals (Pb) and for organic contaminants Toluole and Phenantrene. The paper presents results of model calculations and experiments. As a result, barrier materials can be designed {open_quotes}tailor-made{close_quotes} depending on the individual contaminant range of each site (e.g. landfills, gasworks etc.). The parameters relevant for construction such as rheological properties, compressive strength and permeability are not affected by the addition of the sorbents.

  10. Increased radiation dose at mammography due to prolonged exposure, delayed processing, and increased film darkening

    SciTech Connect

    Kimme-Smith, C.; Bassett, L.W.; Gold, R.H.; Chow, S. )

    1991-02-01

    Four single-emulsion films introduced over the past 2 years--Du Pont Microvision, Fuji MiMa, Konica CM, and Eastman Kodak OM--were compared with Eastman Kodak OM SO-177 (Min-RE) film to evaluate their varying effects on mean glandular dose of reciprocity law failure due to prolonged exposure, delayed processing, and increased film darkening as a result of increased radiation exposure to improve penetration of glandular tissue. Exposures over 1.3 seconds led to increased radiation doses of 20%-30%. Delays in processing of 6 hours decreased processing speed by 11%-32% for all films except Du Pont Microvision. Optical density increases of 0.40 required 20%-30% more skin exposure for all five films. Optimal viewing densities were also evaluated and found to be different for each of the five films. Mammographers need to be aware of these differences in mammographic films to achieve maximum contrast at mammography.

  11. Fivefold confinement time increase in the Madison Symmetric Torus using inductive poloidal current drive

    SciTech Connect

    Stoneking, M.R.; Lanier, N.E.; Prager, S.C.; Sarff, J.S.; Sinitsyn, D.

    1996-12-01

    Current profile control is employed in the Madison Symmetric Torus reversed field pinch to reduce the magnetic fluctuations responsible for anomalous transport. An inductive poloidal electric field pulse is applied in the sense to flatten the parallel current profile, reducing the dynamo fluctuation amplitude required to sustain the equilibrium. This technique demonstrates a substantial reduction in fluctuation amplitude (as much as 50%), and improvement in energy confinement (from 1 ms to 5 ms); a record low fluctuation (0.8%) and record high temperature (615 eV) for this device were observed simultaneously during current drive experiments. Plasma beta increases by 50% and the Ohmic input power is three times lower. Particle confinement improves and plasma impurity contamination is reduced. The results of the transient current drive experiments provide motivation for continuing development of steady-state current profile control strategies for the reversed field pinch.

  12. World-Class Test Facility Increases Efficiency of Solar Products...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    World-Class Test Facility Increases Efficiency of Solar Products World-Class Test Facility Increases Efficiency of Solar Products World-Class Test Facility Increases Efficiency of ...

  13. Florida Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Florida Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases Florida Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry ...

  14. Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases Virginia Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry ...

  15. West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases West Virginia Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves ...

  16. Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency | OpenEI Community

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Home > Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency > Posts by term > Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Content Group Activity By term Q & A...

  17. Kansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Kansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases Kansas Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry ...

  18. New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry ...

  19. New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases New York Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry ...

  20. North Dakota Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) North Dakota Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ... Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases North Dakota Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves ...

  1. A stochastically forced time delay solar dynamo model: Self-consistent recovery from a maunder-like grand minimum necessitates a mean-field alpha effect

    SciTech Connect

    Hazra, Soumitra; Nandy, Dibyendu; Passos, Dário E-mail: dariopassos@ist.utl.pt

    2014-07-01

    Fluctuations in the Sun's magnetic activity, including episodes of grand minima such as the Maunder minimum have important consequences for space and planetary environments. However, the underlying dynamics of such extreme fluctuations remain ill-understood. Here, we use a novel mathematical model based on stochastically forced, non-linear delay differential equations to study solar cycle fluctuations in which time delays capture the physics of magnetic flux transport between spatially segregated dynamo source regions in the solar interior. Using this model, we explicitly demonstrate that the Babcock-Leighton poloidal field source based on dispersal of tilted bipolar sunspot flux, alone, cannot recover the sunspot cycle from a grand minimum. We find that an additional poloidal field source effective on weak fields—e.g., the mean-field α effect driven by helical turbulence—is necessary for self-consistent recovery of the sunspot cycle from grand minima episodes.

  2. Is Increased Low-dose somatic Radiosensitivity Associated with Increased Transgenerational Germline Mutation

    SciTech Connect

    Brenner, David J.

    2008-10-02

    Using single-molecule polymerase chain reaction, the frequency of spontaneous and radiation-induced mutation at an expanded simple tandem repeat (ESTR) locus was studied in DNA samples extracted from sperm and bone marrow of Atm knockout (Atm+/–) heterozygous male mice. The frequency of spontaneous mutation in sperm and bone marrow in Atm+/– males did not significantly differ from that in wild-type BALB/c mice. Acute gamma-ray exposure did not affect ESTR mutation frequency in bone marrow and resulted in similar increases in sperm samples taken from Atm+/– and BALB/c males. Taken together, these results suggest that the Atm haploinsufficiency analyzed in our study does not affect spontaneous and radiation-induced ESTR mutation frequency in mice.

  3. Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer Review Technical Assistance: ... View the Presentation PDF icon Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO ...

  4. Federal Task Force Issues Recommendations to Increase the Safety...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Federal Task Force Issues Recommendations to Increase the Safety and Reliability of U.S. Natural Gas Storage Facilities Federal Task Force Issues Recommendations to Increase the ...

  5. Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric Power Sector U.S. Department of Energy Page i Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric Power ...

  6. Increasing LTC Engine Efficiency by Reducing Pressure-Oscillation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Increasing LTC Engine Efficiency by Reducing Pressure-Oscillation-Related Heat Transfer Losses Increasing LTC Engine Efficiency by Reducing Pressure-Oscillation-Related Heat ...

  7. Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Agency...

  8. Retro-Commissioning Increases Data Center Efficiency at Low Cost...

    Energy Saver

    Retro-Commissioning Increases Data Center Efficiency at Low Cost Retro-Commissioning Increases Data Center Efficiency at Low Cost Fact sheet discusses a success story detailing a ...

  9. Metal and Glass Manufacturers Reduce Costs by Increasing Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Metal and Glass Manufacturers Reduce Costs by Increasing Energy Efficiency in Process Heating Systems Metal and Glass Manufacturers Reduce Costs by Increasing Energy Efficiency in...

  10. Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and ...

  11. Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell Technologies Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell Technologies Download presentation...

  12. Optimizing Blast Furnace Operation to Increase Efficiency and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Blast Furnace Operation to Increase Efficiency and Lower Costs Optimizing Blast Furnace Operation to Increase Efficiency and Lower Costs cfdblastfurnace.pdf (552.85 KB) More ...

  13. President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium Washington, DC President Truman approves a 1.4 billion expansion of ...

  14. Sandia Energy - Water Increasingly Crucial in Energy Policies...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Experts Say Home Energy News News & Events Systems Analysis Systems Engineering Water Increasingly Crucial in Energy Policies, Experts Say Previous Next Water Increasingly...

  15. Bacteria increase arid-land soil surface temperature through...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... During the process, overall microbial biomass increases steadily, and eventually the ... a as a proxy of photosynthetic biomass), which increased across the gradient ...

  16. SEP Success Story: Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability SEP Success Story: Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability June 28, 2012 - 9:14am Addthis The ...

  17. CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND REDUCES EMISSIONS - CASE STUDY, 2015 CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND REDUCES EMISSIONS -...

  18. Evaluation Helps Program Increase Sales of Energy Saving Light...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Evaluation Helps Program Increase Sales of Energy Saving Light Bulbs Among Women Evaluation Helps Program Increase Sales of Energy Saving Light Bulbs Among Women This document,...

  19. Fume Hood Sash Stickers Increases Laboratory Safety and Efficiency...

    Energy Saver

    Fume Hood Sash Stickers Increases Laboratory Safety and Efficiency at Minimal Cost Case study describes two University of California campuses that increased laboratory exhaust ...

  20. Effective Fouling Minimization Increases the Efficiency and Productivi...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Effective Fouling Minimization Increases the Efficiency and Productivity of Refineries Effective Fouling Minimization Increases the Efficiency and Productivity of Refineries This ...

  1. Analysis & Tools to Spur Increased Deployment | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    & Tools to Spur Increased Deployment Analysis & Tools to Spur Increased Deployment Project objectives: Develop analysis, modeling and decisionsupport tools to enable the ...

  2. Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to Advance Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to ...

  3. Bacteria increase arid-land soil surface temperature through...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Bacteria increase arid-land soil surface temperature through the production of sunscreens Prev Next Title: Bacteria increase arid-land soil surface temperature through the ...

  4. Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell Technologies Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell Technologies Download presentation ...

  5. Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency | OpenEI Community

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency > Posts by term > Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Combined Heat And Power...

  6. Employee-Driven Initiative Increases Treatment Capacity, Reduces...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Employee-Driven Initiative Increases Treatment Capacity, Reduces Clean Water Demands Employee-Driven Initiative Increases Treatment Capacity, Reduces Clean Water Demands June 30, ...

  7. New Orleans Council Calls on Entergy to Increase Energy Savings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Orleans Council Calls on Entergy to Increase Energy Savings New Orleans Council Calls on Entergy to Increase Energy Savings bbrnstoriesneworleans012916.jpg The New Orleans City ...

  8. Evaluation Helps Program Increase Sales of Energy Saving Light...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Program Increase Sales of Energy Saving Light Bulbs Among Women Evaluation Helps Program ... the Case Study Series, explaining how "Evaluation Helps Program Increase Sales of Energy ...

  9. NREL Refinery Process Shows Increased Effectiveness of Producing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Refinery Process Shows Increased Effectiveness of Producing Ethanol from Algae NREL Refinery Process Shows Increased Effectiveness of Producing Ethanol from Algae February 11, 2016 ...

  10. Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric Sector Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric Sector This ...

  11. U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases ... Release Date: 11192015 Next Release Date: 12312016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane ...

  12. Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal...

  13. Stereo Photogrammetry Reveals Substantial Drag on Cloud Thermals

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    sciencehighlights Research Highlight Fast updrafts within clouds can generate hail, lightning, and tornadoes at the surface, as well as clear-air turbulence that pose...

  14. Substantial improvements in methyl ketone production in E. coli...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1096-7176 Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and ...

  15. Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Elliott, Guy R. B. 1 ; Barraclough, Bruce L. 2 ; Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. 1 + Show Author Affiliations (Los Alamos, NM) (Santa Fe, NM) Publication Date: 1983-01-01 ...

  16. Thermally stable crystalline mesoporous metal oxides with substantially uniform pores

    DOEpatents

    Wiesner, Ulrich; Orilall, Mahendra Christopher; Lee, Jinwoo; DiSalvo, Jr., Francis J

    2015-01-27

    Highly crystalline metal oxide-carbon composites, as precursors to thermally stable mesoporous metal oxides, are coated with a layer of amorphous carbon. Using a `one-pot` method, highly crystalline metal oxide-carbon composites are converted to thermally stable mesoporous metal oxides, having highly crystalline mesopore walls, without causing the concomitant collapse of the mesostructure. The `one-pot` method uses block copolymers with an sp or sp 2 hybridized carbon containing hydrophobic block as structure directing agents which converts to a sturdy, amorphous carbon material under appropriate heating conditions, providing an in-situ rigid support which maintains the pores of the oxides intact while crystallizing at temperatures as high as 1000 deg C. A highly crystalline metal oxide-carbon composite can be heated to produce a thermally stable mesoporous metal oxide consisting of a single polymorph.

  17. Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. ...

  18. Substantial Progress towards 12 GeV | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    For some of the physicists, the analysis of these data took precedence over eating turkey during the Thanksgiving weekend. And just last night, beam was sent to three halls -...

  19. miR-17 inhibitor suppressed osteosarcoma tumor growth and metastasis via increasing PTEN expression

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, Yong; Luo, Ling-hui; Li, Shuai; Yang, Cao

    2014-02-07

    Highlights: • miR-17 was increased in OS tissues and cell lines. • Inhibition of miR-17 suppressed OS cell proliferation. • Inhibition of miR-17 suppressed OS cell migration and invasion. • PTEN was a target of miR-17. • miR-17 was negatively correlated with PTEN in OS tissues. - Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in cancer development and progression. Here, we investigated the role of miR-17 in the progression and metastasis of osteosarcoma (OS). miR-17 was frequently increased in OS tissues and cell lines. Inhibition of miR-17 in OS cell lines substantially suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) was identified as a target of miR-17, and ectopic expression of miR-17 inhibited PTEN by direct binding to its 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR). Expression of miR-17 was negatively correlated with PTEN in OS tissues. Together, these findings indicate that miR-17 acts as an oncogenic miRNA and may contribute to the progression and metastasis of OS, suggesting miR-17 as a potential novel diagnostic and therapeutic target of OS.

  20. Observed Increase of TTL Temperature and Water Vapor in Polluted Couds over Asia

    SciTech Connect

    Su, Hui; Jiang, Jonathan; Liu, Xiaohong; Penner, J.; Read, William G.; Massie, Steven T.; Schoeberl, Mark R.; Colarco, Peter; Livesey, Nathaniel J.; Santee, Michelle L.

    2011-06-01

    Aerosols can affect cloud particle size and lifetime, which impacts precipitation, radiation and climate. Previous studies1-4 suggested that reduced ice cloud particle size and fall speed due to the influence of aerosols may increase evaporation of ice crystals and/or cloud radiative heating in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL), leading to higher water vapor abundance in air entering the stratosphere. Observational substantiation of such processes is still lacking. Here, we analyze new observations from multiple NASA satellites to show the imprint of pollution influence on stratospheric water vapor. We focus our analysis on the highly-polluted South and East Asia region during boreal summer. We find that "polluted" ice clouds have smaller ice effective radius than "clean" clouds. In the TTL, the polluted clouds are associated with warmer temperature and higher specific humidity than the clean clouds. The water vapor difference between the polluted and clean clouds cannot be explained by other meteorological factors, such as updraft and detrainment strength. Therefore, the observed higher water vapor entry value into the stratosphere in the polluted clouds than in the clean clouds is likely a manifestation of aerosol pollution influence on stratospheric water vapor. Given the radiative and chemical importance of stratospheric water vapor, the increasing emission of aerosols over Asia may have profound impacts on stratospheric chemistry and global energy balance and water cycle.

  1. Indirect Benefits (Increased Roof Life and HVAC Savings) from...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Indirect Benefits (Increased Roof Life and HVAC Savings) from a Solar PV System at the San Jos Convention Center Indirect Benefits (Increased Roof Life and HVAC Savings) from a ...

  2. Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    of power outages and calls for increased cross-sector investment to make the electric grid more resilient in the face of increasingly severe weather events due to climate change. ...

  3. 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution...

    Energy Saver

    % Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply ...

  4. Case Study: Fuel Cells Increase Reliability at First National...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Increase Reliability at First National Bank of Omaha Case Study: Fuel Cells Increase Reliability at First National Bank of Omaha First National Bank of Omaha installed a fuel cell ...

  5. Boundary Entropy Can Increase Under Bulk RG Flow (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Boundary Entropy Can Increase Under Bulk RG Flow Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Boundary Entropy Can Increase Under Bulk RG Flow The boundary entropy log(g) of a critical ...

  6. Boundary Entropy Can Increase Under Bulk RG Flow (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Boundary Entropy Can Increase Under Bulk RG Flow Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Boundary Entropy Can Increase Under Bulk RG Flow You are accessing a document from ...

  7. Apply: Increase Residential Energy Code Compliance Rates (DE...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Increase Residential Energy Code Compliance Rates (DE-FOA-0000953) Apply: Increase Residential Energy Code Compliance Rates (DE-FOA-0000953) April 21, 2014 - 12:32pm Addthis This ...

  8. Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparency | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparency Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparency May 18, 2011 - 4:42pm Addthis The OCIO established a Department-wide wiki, Powerpedia, in early 2010 to facilitate knowledge capture and collaboration, and to increase efficiency. Leveraging lessons learned from the intelligence community's Intellipedia effort, the Department established Powerpedia to increase transparency and connect people and information together. Built on

  9. Increasing the Life of Batteries | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Increasing the Life of Batteries A brochure highlighting Argonne's Battery Post-Test Facility. PDF icon PTF_brochure

  10. Increased cost-effectiveness of low-grade fossil fuels using ammonia FGD

    SciTech Connect

    Ellison, W.

    1998-07-01

    Current worldwide advancements in site-specific application and commercial operation of ammonia-base flue gas desulfurization (FGD), in high-capacity, high-sulfur, electric utility service, economically justified by significant revenues from ammonium sulfate generation and worldwide sale, are detailed. This major new direction in cost-effectiveness in FGD selection/application and in the process design of such flue gas cleaning systems overcomes the problem of FGD waste/byproduct management/utilization and encompasses numerous major performance advancements reviewed herein: (1) Conversion of anions of all captured acid-gas, i.e., SO{sub 2}, HCI, etc., and of all collected residual particulate matter into agriculturally-usable ammonium compounds combined in the single byproduct yield; (2) No discard or long-term, outdoor storage of sulfurous waste byproducts; and (3) No liquid effluent. In the face of a capital-cost penalty in any application of ammonia FGD, an attractive cost effectiveness is nonetheless realized. This favorable process economics, superior to all other available alternatives in high-capacity, high-sulfur electric utility service, is made possible through substantial value added in conversion of ammonia reagent supply to agglomerated sulfur blending stock, i.e., comprised principally of ammonium sulfate, much in demand for increased use in worldwide, large-scale agriculture. The growing, potentially vast size of the international market for ammonium sulfate is quantified herein.

  11. Increased magnetocrystalline anisotropy in epitaxial Fe-Co-C thin films with spontaneous strain

    SciTech Connect

    Reichel, L. Kauffmann-Weiss, S.; Schultz, L.; Giannopoulos, G.; Niarchos, D.; Hoffmann, M.; Pohl, D.; Oswald, S.; Fähler, S.; Edström, A.; Rusz, J.

    2014-12-07

    Rare earth free alloys are in focus of permanent magnet research since the accessibility of the elements needed for nowadays conventional magnets is limited. Tetragonally strained iron-cobalt (Fe-Co) has attracted large interest as promising candidate due to theoretical calculations. In experiments, however, the applied strain quickly relaxes with increasing film thickness and hampers stabilization of a strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. In our study, we show that already 2 at. % of carbon substantially reduces the lattice relaxation leading to the formation of a spontaneously strained phase with 3% tetragonal distortion. In these strained (Fe{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.6}){sub 0.98}C{sub 0.02} films, a magnetocrystalline anisotropy above 0.4 MJ/m{sup 3} is observed while the large polarization of 2.1 T is maintained. Compared to binary Fe-Co, this is a remarkable improvement of the intrinsic magnetic properties. In this paper, we relate our experimental work to theoretical studies of strained Fe-Co-C and find a very good agreement.

  12. Increased Efficiency in SI Engine with Air Replaced by Oxygen in Argon Mixture

    SciTech Connect

    Killingsworth, N J; Rapp, V H; Flowers, D L; Aceves, S M; Chen, J; Dibble, R

    2010-01-13

    Basic engine thermodynamics predicts that spark ignited engine efficiency is a function of both the compression ratio of the engine and the specific heat ratio of the working fluid. In practice the compression ratio of the engine is often limited due to knock. Both higher specific heat ratio and higher compression ratio lead to higher end gas temperatures and increase the likelihood of knock. In actual engine cycles, heat transfer losses increase at higher compression ratios and limit efficiency even when the knock limit is not reached. In this paper we investigate the role of both the compression ratio and the specific heat ratio on engine efficiency by conducting experiments comparing operation of a single-cylinder variable-compression-ratio engine with both hydrogen-air and hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures. For low load operation it is found that the hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures result in higher indicated thermal efficiencies. Peak efficiency for the hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures is found at compression ratio 5.5 whereas for the hydrogen-air mixture with an equivalence ratio of 0.24 the peak efficiency is found at compression ratio 13. We apply a three-zone model to help explain the effects of specific heat ratio and compression ratio on efficiency. Operation with hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures at low loads is more efficient because the lower compression ratio results in a substantially larger portion of the gas to reside in the adiabatic core rather than in the boundary layer and in the crevices, leading to less heat transfer and more complete combustion.

  13. World-Class Test Facility Increases Efficiency of Solar Products |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy World-Class Test Facility Increases Efficiency of Solar Products World-Class Test Facility Increases Efficiency of Solar Products World-Class Test Facility Increases Efficiency of Solar Products This photograph features PV arrays at the SunEdison Facility at the Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC) in Aurora, Colorado. SolarTAC is an integrated, world-class test facility where the solar industry will test, validate, and demonstrate near-market and advanced

  14. Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small- Scale

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Solutions | Department of Energy Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small- Scale Energy Solutions Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small- Scale Energy Solutions June 3, 2014 - 9:04am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Today, the U.S. Government is formally launching an innovative framework under President Obama's Power Africa initiative to increase energy access for underserved populations across sub-Saharan Africa. Over an initial

  15. Potential Vulnerability of US Petroleum Refineries to Increasing Water

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Temperature and/or Reduced Water Availability | Department of Energy Potential Vulnerability of US Petroleum Refineries to Increasing Water Temperature and/or Reduced Water Availability Potential Vulnerability of US Petroleum Refineries to Increasing Water Temperature and/or Reduced Water Availability This report discusses potential impacts of increased water temperature and reductions in water availability on petroleum refining and presents case studies related to refinery water use. Report

  16. Michigan Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 149 2010's 165 140 520 351 209 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  17. Montana Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Montana Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 42 2010's 14 14 18 31 64 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  18. DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces &

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Boilers | Department of Energy Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced it has increased the energy efficiency standards for residential furnaces and boilers, underscoring the Department's commitment to meet its aggressive, five-year appliance standard rulemaking schedule,

  19. New Mexico Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 2 2010's 1 83 18 58 105 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  20. Ohio Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Ohio Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 272 1,468 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  1. Virginia Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Virginia Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 0 3 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  2. DOE Announces 12 Projects To Increase Vehicle Efficiency | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy 12 Projects To Increase Vehicle Efficiency DOE Announces 12 Projects To Increase Vehicle Efficiency February 16, 2005 - 10:16am Addthis Industry Partners to Cost-Share Funding on $175 Million in Research Projects WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced the selection of projects that will increase the energy efficiency of passenger and commercial vehicles while maintaining low emissions. Twelve projects, with a total value of $175 million (50 percent, or

  3. Chapter 5 - Increasing Efficiency of Buildings Systems and Technologies |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 5 - Increasing Efficiency of Buildings Systems and Technologies Chapter 5 - Increasing Efficiency of Buildings Systems and Technologies Chapter 5 - Increasing Efficiency of Buildings Systems and Technologies The buildings sector accounts for about 76%* of electricity use and 40% of all U.S. primary energy use and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, making it essential to reduce energy consumption in buildings in order to meet national energy and environmental

  4. Kansas Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Kansas Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 0 0 3 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  5. Kentucky Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Kentucky Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 44 2010's 3 44 1 16 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  6. Report: Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the Electric Power Sector | Department of Energy Report: Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric Power Sector Report: Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric Power Sector This report examines the potential infrastructure needs of the U.S. interstate natural gas pipeline transmission system across a range of future natural gas demand scenarios that drive increased electric power sector natural gas use. To perform this

  7. Wyoming Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 4 0 3 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  8. Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer Review |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer Review Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Rosemarie Bartlett, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory View the Presentation Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer Review (1.08 MB) More Documents & Publications PNNL: Codes Portfolio - 2015 Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program Overview -

  9. Energy Department Invests $14 Million to Increase Energy Efficiency of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Nation's Homes and Buildings | Department of Energy 14 Million to Increase Energy Efficiency of Nation's Homes and Buildings Energy Department Invests $14 Million to Increase Energy Efficiency of Nation's Homes and Buildings May 9, 2016 - 12:08pm Addthis As part of the Administration's effort to cut energy waste in the nation's buildings and double energy productivity by 2030, the Energy Department today announced $14 million to dramatically increase the efficiency of our nation's homes and

  10. Increasing the Stability of Metal-Organic Frameworks | Center...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Increasing the Stability of Metal-Organic Frameworks Previous Next List Mathieu Bosch, Muwei ... However, the robustness and reactivity of a given framework are largely dependent on ...

  11. Increasing the Market Acceptance of Smaller CHP Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Packaged Combined Heat and Power System ADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE Increasing the ... A lean-burn com- bustion confguration will provide enhanced reliability and emissions that ...

  12. United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Related Articles Generation IV International Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase ...

  13. High Efficiency Microturbine Leads to Increased Market Share...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    supported microturbine research and development for a combined heat and power system that led to the commercialization of that product. Capstone increased electrical efficiency of...

  14. Study Shows Active Power Controls from Wind May Increase Revenues...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Researchers examined how the contribution of wind power providing active power controls (APC) could benefit the total power system economics, increase revenue streams, and improve ...

  15. Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Download presentation slides from the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell Technologies held on August 19, 2014.

  16. Wind Concurrent Cooling Could Increase Power Transmission Potential...

    Energy Saver

    Concurrent Cooling Could Increase Power Transmission Potential by as Much as 40% Wind ... In areas where wind farms are being developed, there is potential to take advantage of ...

  17. Internal Behavior Change Programs and Increasing Energy Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assistance Program (TAP), addresses Internal Behavior Change Programs and Increasing Energy Efficiency. Presented on August 25, 2011.

  18. Sandia Energy - Increasing the Scaled Wind Farm Technology Facility...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Power Production Home Renewable Energy Energy SWIFT Facilities Partnership News Wind Energy News & Events Systems Analysis Increasing the Scaled Wind Farm Technology...

  19. NWTC Collaborative Increases Gearbox Reliability and Helps Reduce...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and equipment suppliers. Ultimately, the findings are made public for use throughout the wind industry. This knowledge results in increased gearbox reliability and an ...

  20. Hurricane Sandy Contingency Operation -- Increase in Micro-Purchase...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hurricane Sandy Contingency Operation -- Increase in Micro-Purchase and Simplified Acquisition Thresholds for Specific States and Counties Hurricane Sandy Contingency Operation -- ...

  1. Effect of Increased Levels of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports on...

    Energy Saver

    Effect of Increased Levels of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports on U.S. Energy Markets October 2014 ... such as supply disruptions, policy changes, and technological breakthroughs. ...

  2. ESnet's Fasterdata Site Growing in Scope, Popularity in Increasingly...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ESnet's Fasterdata Site Growing in Scope, Popularity in Increasingly Data-Driven World ... Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net ESnet's Fasterdata Site Growing in Scope, ...

  3. Alcoa: C-Suite Participation in Energy Efficiency Increases Accountabi...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Alcoa: C-Suite Participation in Energy Efficiency Increases Accountability and Staff Engagement Throughout the Organization Alcoa: C-Suite Participation in Energy Efficiency ...

  4. No increase in background, manmade radioactivity for Los Alamos...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Man-Made Radioactivity For Los Alamos area No increase in background, manmade radioactivity for Los Alamos area Two aerial flyovers found that radioisotopes and their associated...

  5. Increasing the specific strength of spun carbon nanotube fibers

    DOEpatents

    Arendt, Paul N.; Zhu, Yuntian T.; Usov, Igor O.; Zhang, Xiefei

    2016-04-19

    A spun fiber of carbon nanotubes is exposed to ion irradiation. The irradiation exposure increases the specific strength of the spun fiber.

  6. CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    AND REDUCES EMISSIONS - CASE STUDY, 2015 CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES ... demonstrated and evaluated a CHP plant at a large food processing facility in Connecticut. ...

  7. Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Rural Electrification Programs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Maximizing the...

  8. The Rush to Exploit an Increasingly Ice-Free Arctic

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Rush to Exploit an Increasingly Ice-Free Arctic - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy ...

  9. Increased Engine Efficiency via Advancements in Engine Combustion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Engine Efficiency via Advancements in Engine Combustion Systems Increased Engine Efficiency via Advancements in Engine Combustion Systems Presentation given at the 16th Directions...

  10. Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Bank1 The objective of the Increased Access to Modern Energy Project is to improve reliability, efficiency, and access to modern energy services in Benin. There are three...

  11. Internal Behavior Change Programs and Increasing Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), addresses Internal Behaviour Change Programs and Increasing Energy Efficiency. Presented on August 25, ...

  12. "Increasing Solar Panel Efficiency And Reliability By Evaporative...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lewis Meixler, Charles Gentile, Patricia Hillyer, Dylan Carpe, Jason Wang, Caroline Brooks The efficiency and reliability of photovoltaic solar panels decreases with increasing ...

  13. Increase Your H2IQ | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Education » Increase Your H2IQ Increase Your H2IQ Increase your H2IQ Find easy-to-understand information about hydrogen (H2) and fuel cell technologies here! Increase your H2IQ by checking out our fact sheets and other introductory resources. Also visit our multimedia page to find infographics, videos, and animations about hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Basic Fact Sheets These fact sheets provide a basic introduction to hydrogen and fuel cell technologies for non-technical audiences. Fuel

  14. Surface Modification Agents Increase Safety, Security of Lithium...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Surface Modification Agents Increase Safety, Security of Lithium-Ion Batteries New Process to Modify the Surface of the Active Material Used in Lithium-Ion Batteries Argonne ...

  15. Potential Vulnerability of US Petroleum Refineries to Increasing...

    Energy Saver

    Potential Vulnerability of US Petroleum Refineries to Increasing Water Temperature andor Reduced Water Availability Potential Vulnerability of US Petroleum Refineries to ...

  16. Case Study: Fuel Cells Increase Reliability at First National...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fuel Cells Increase Reliability at First National Bank of Omaha Technology Center Fuel cells are a viable primary power choice for data centers-they generate highly reliable ...

  17. High Efficiency Microturbine Leads to Increased Market Share

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    EERE-supported microturbine research and development for a device that increased electrical efficiency of the unit from about 17%-22% to 33%.

  18. Systems for increasing the sensitivity of gamma-ray imagers

    DOEpatents

    Mihailescu, Lucian; Vetter, Kai M.; Chivers, Daniel H.

    2012-12-11

    Systems that increase the position resolution and granularity of double sided segmented semiconductor detectors are provided. These systems increase the imaging resolution capability of such detectors, either used as Compton cameras, or as position sensitive radiation detectors in imagers such as SPECT, PET, coded apertures, multi-pinhole imagers, or other spatial or temporal modulated imagers.

  19. Nebraska Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) No Data Available For This Series - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  20. Methods for increasing the sensitivity of gamma-ray imagers

    DOEpatents

    Mihailescu, Lucian (Pleasanton, CA); Vetter, Kai M. (Alameda, CA); Chivers, Daniel H. (Fremont, CA)

    2012-02-07

    Methods are presented that increase the position resolution and granularity of double sided segmented semiconductor detectors. These methods increase the imaging resolution capability of such detectors, either used as Compton cameras, or as position sensitive radiation detectors in imagers such as SPECT, PET, coded apertures, multi-pinhole imagers, or other spatial or temporal modulated imagers.

  1. President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium Washington, DC President Truman approves a $1.4 billion expansion of Atomic Energy Commission facilities to produce uranium and plutonium for nuclear weapons

  2. Linearity of Climate Response to Increases in Black Carbon Aerosols

    SciTech Connect

    Mahajan, Salil; Evans, Katherine J.; Hack, James J.; Truesdale, John

    2013-04-19

    The impact of absorbing aerosols on global climate are not completely understood. Here, we present results of idealized experiments conducted with the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM4) coupled to a slab ocean model (CAM4-SOM) to simulate the climate response to increases in tropospheric black carbon aerosols (BC) by direct and semi-direct effects. CAM4-SOM was forced with 0, 1x, 2x, 5x and 10x an estimate of the present day concentration of BC while maintaining their estimated present day global spatial and vertical distribution. The top of the atmosphere (TOA) radiative forcing of BC in these experiments is positive (warming) and increases linearly as the BC burden increases. The total semi-direct effect for the 1x experiment is positive but becomes increasingly negative for higher BC concentrations. The global average surface temperature response is found to be a linear function of the TOA radiative forcing. The climate sensitivity to BC from these experiments is estimated to be 0.42 K $ W^{-1} m^{2}$ when the semi-direct effects are accounted for and 0.22 K $ W^{-1} m^{2}$ with only the direct effects considered. Global average precipitation decreases linearly as BC increases, with a precipitation sensitivity to atmospheric absorption of 0.4 $\\%$ $W^{-1}m^{2}$ . The hemispheric asymmetry of BC also causes an increase in southward cross-equatorial heat transport and a resulting northward shift of the inter-tropical convergence zone in the simulations at a rate of 4$^{\\circ}$N $ PW^{-1}$. Global average mid- and high-level clouds decrease, whereas the low-level clouds increase linearly with BC. The increase in marine stratocumulus cloud fraction over the south tropical Atlantic is caused by increased BC-induced diabatic heating of the free troposphere.

  3. Method of increasing biodegradation of sparingly soluble vapors

    DOEpatents

    Cherry, Robert S.

    2000-01-01

    A method for increasing biodegradation of sparingly soluble volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a bioreactor is disclosed. The method comprises dissolving in the aqueous phase of the bioreactor a water soluble, nontoxic, non-biodegradable polymer having a molecular weight of at least 500 and operable for decreasing the distribution coefficient of the VOCs. Polyoxyalkylene alkanols are preferred polymers. A method of increasing the growth rate of VOC-degrading microorganisms in the bioreactor and a method of increasing the solubility of sparingly soluble VOCs in aqueous solution are also disclosed.

  4. Louisiana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Louisiana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 100 2010's 139 100 98 91 71 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  5. Louisiana--North Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana--North Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 636 2010's 1,856 2,002 1,422 1,606 1,631 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  6. Louisiana--South Onshore Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana--South Onshore Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 0 0 22 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  7. Michigan Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Michigan Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 21 2010's 4 5 19 4 3 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  8. Michigan Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Michigan Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 17 2010's 1 2 1 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  9. Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  10. Miscellaneous States Shale Gas Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Shale Gas Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 4 2010's 17 19 76 3 2 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  11. Mississippi (with State off) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Mississippi (with State off) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 0 0 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  12. Mississippi Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Mississippi Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 30 2010's 17 14 37 8 14 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  13. Montana Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Montana Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 23 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  14. Montana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Montana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 72 2010's 54 54 19 75 19 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  15. Nebraska Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Nebraska Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1 2010's 1 6 1 4 7 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  16. New Mexico - West Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) New Mexico - West Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 7 2010's 5 14 7 29 10 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  17. Alabama Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Alabama Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 9 2010's 9 2 10 13 16 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  18. Alaska Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Alaska Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 394 2010's 397 362 84 87 239 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  19. Arkansas Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Arkansas Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 3 2010's 9 0 1 5 3 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  20. Arkansas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Arkansas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 5 2010's 12 31 4 15 2 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  1. Arkansas Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Arkansas Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 1 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  2. Arkansas Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Arkansas Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,585 2010's 861 502 1,533 329 96 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  3. California (with State off) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) California (with State off) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 912 258 68 3 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  4. California Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) California Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 427 2010's 276 394 507 239 381 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  5. Colorado Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 126 2010's 937 698 343 789 1,162 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  6. Colorado Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Colorado Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 28 2010's 52 71 149 389 356 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  7. Wyoming Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 609 2010's 575 504 242 412 195 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  8. Wyoming Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Wyoming Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 123 2010's 124 109 68 71 56 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  9. Wyoming Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Wyoming Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 56 2010's 66 31 23 33 20 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  10. New Mexico Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 443 2010's 562 562 255 1,362 1,389 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  11. New Mexico Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) New Mexico Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 102 2010's 90 111 200 211 294 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  12. New Mexico Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) New Mexico Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 12 2010's 16 19 26 28 22 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  13. New Mexico--East Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico--East Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 72 11 0 71 46 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  14. North Dakota Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) North Dakota Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 211 2010's 709 679 744 994 683 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  15. North Dakota Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) North Dakota Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 119 2010's 528 439 901 1,056 933 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  16. Ohio Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Ohio Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 6 2010's 4 1 10 9 38 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  17. Oklahoma Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 81 2010's 82 91 39 280 89 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  18. Oklahoma Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Oklahoma Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 169 2010's 135 111 153 203 255 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  19. Oklahoma Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Oklahoma Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 23 2010's 46 51 79 94 99 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  20. Oklahoma Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,373 2010's 1,352 3,709 3,332 1,392 4,075 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  1. Pennsylvania Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 29 2010's 2 1 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  2. Pennsylvania Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Pennsylvania Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 4 2010's 13 18 22 12 12 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  3. Pennsylvania Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 299 2010's 1,994 5,238 4,411 6,218 8,119 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  4. Texas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Texas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 653 2010's 846 908 1,333 1,537 2,183 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  5. Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 9 2010's 77 46 21 69 68 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  6. Utah Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Utah Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 126 2010's 71 64 75 54 234 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  7. Utah Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Utah Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 36 2010's 6 9 27 3 3 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  8. Virginia Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Virginia Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 219 2010's 16 87 30 87 243 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  9. West Virginia Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 19 2010's 15 35 3 15 3 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  10. West Virginia Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) West Virginia Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 2 15 11 17 24 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  11. West Virginia Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) West Virginia Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 58 2010's 289 702 1,214 1,586 2,198 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  12. Colorado Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Colorado Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 15 2010's 18 34 46 192 95 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  13. Colorado Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 1 4 13 56 1,104 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  14. Florida Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Florida Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 8 2010's 10 9 6 13 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  15. Illinois Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Illinois Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 12 2010's 0 6 7 11 3 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  16. Indiana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Indiana Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1 2010's 0 1 1 1 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  17. Kansas Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Kansas Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 8 2010's 157 24 21 71 73 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  18. Kansas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Kansas Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 49 2010's 52 47 80 57 68 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  19. Kansas Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Kansas Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 2 2010's 3 2 2 4 5 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  20. Kentucky Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Kentucky Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  1. Kentucky Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Kentucky Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 4 2010's 1 9 4 2 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  2. Kentucky Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Kentucky Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 3 2010's 0 4 1 1 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  3. Louisiana - North Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Louisiana - North Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 15 2010's 69 16 19 22 13 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision Increases

  4. Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets as requested by the Office of Fossil Energy January 2012 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information ...

  5. Effect of Increased Levels of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports on...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Effect of Increased Levels of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports on U.S. Energy Markets October 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, ...

  6. System for increasing corona inception voltage of insulating oils

    DOEpatents

    Rohwein, Gerald J.

    1998-01-01

    The Corona Inception Voltage of insulating oils is increased by repetitive cycles of prestressing the oil with a voltage greater than the corona inception voltage, and either simultaneously or serially removing byproducts of corona by evacuation and heating the oil.

  7. 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0% Wind Energy by 2030 Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply DOEGO-102008-2578 * December 2008 More information is available on the web at: ...

  8. Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency | OpenEI Community

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Groups > Groups > Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds There are no feeds from external sites for this group. Groups Menu You must...

  9. Y-12's 1958 nuclear criticality accident and increased safety...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    accident and increased safety - 1958 brought accidents, more safety The first X-ray machine was brought to Y-12 in February, 1949. It was a 1,000 KV system installed in Building...

  10. Project Profile: Cleanable and Hardcoat Coatings for Increased...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Polymeric Mirrors Project Profile: Cleanable and Hardcoat Coatings for Increased Durability of Silvered Polymeric Mirrors 3M logo 3M, under the CSP R&D FOA, is developing ...

  11. Increasing the Stability of Metal-Organic Frameworks (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Increasing the Stability of Metal-Organic Frameworks Authors: Bosch, Mathieu ; Zhang, Muwei ; Zhou, Hong-Cai Publication Date: 2014-01-01 ...

  12. Climate change in the sea: the implications of increasing the...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the surface ocean Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Climate change in the sea: the implications of increasing the carbon dioxide inputs to the surface ocean You are ...

  13. Reduce Risk, Increase Clean Energy: How States and Cities are...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Cities are Using Old Finance Tools to Scale Up a New Industry Reduce Risk, Increase Clean Energy: How States and Cities are Using Old Finance Tools to Scale Up a New Industry ...

  14. Wyoming Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Wyoming Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 226 220 637 1980's 760 ...

  15. Microsoft Word - Increased Strength in Wind Turbine Blades through...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    DE-AC04-94AL85000 Increased Strength in Wind Turbine Blades through Innovative Structural ... It is believed that the issue of noise emanating from the flat-back airfoils should be ...

  16. NREL Works to Increase Electric Vehicle Efficiency Through Enhanced...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    FS-6A42-62241 * June 2014 NREL prints on paper that contains recycled content. NREL Works to Increase Electric Vehicle Efficiency Through Enhanced Thermal Management Researchers at ...

  17. U.S. diesel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.92 a gallon on Monday. That's up a tenth of a penny from a week ago, based on ...

  18. NREL/PG&E Condensation System Increases Geothermal Power Plant...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NRELPG&E Condensation System Increases Geothermal Power Plant Efficiency For more information contact: Howard Brown 303-275-3682 or Kerry Masson 303-275-4083 Golden, Colo., June ...

  19. NREL Research Identifies Increased Potential for Perovskites as a Material

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    for Solar Cells - News Releases | NREL Research Identifies Increased Potential for Perovskites as a Material for Solar Cells October 30, 2015 Scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have demonstrated a way to significantly increase the efficiency of perovskite solar cells by reducing the amount of energy lost to heat. A paper on the discovery, "Observation of a hot-phonon bottleneck in lead-iodide perovskites," was published online this

  20. Metal and Glass Manufacturers Reduce Costs by Increasing Energy Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    in Process Heating Systems | Department of Energy Metal and Glass Manufacturers Reduce Costs by Increasing Energy Efficiency in Process Heating Systems Metal and Glass Manufacturers Reduce Costs by Increasing Energy Efficiency in Process Heating Systems Process heating plays a key role in producing steel, aluminum, and glass and in manufacturing products made from these materials. Faced with regulatory and competitive pressures to control emissions and reduce operating costs, metal and glass

  1. Real Time Learning Temperature Control for Increased Throughput in LED

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Manufacturing | Department of Energy Time Learning Temperature Control for Increased Throughput in LED Manufacturing Real Time Learning Temperature Control for Increased Throughput in LED Manufacturing Lead Performer: SC Solutions Inc. - Sunnyvale, CA DOE Total Funding: $150,000 Project Term: February 22, 2016 - November 21, 2016 Funding Type: SBIR PROJECT OBJECTIVE This project proposes to develop an innovative temperature control technology for use in metal-organic chemical vapor

  2. Wind Concurrent Cooling Could Increase Power Transmission Potential by as

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Much as 40% | Department of Energy Concurrent Cooling Could Increase Power Transmission Potential by as Much as 40% Wind Concurrent Cooling Could Increase Power Transmission Potential by as Much as 40% May 18, 2015 - 5:40pm Addthis Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Idaho National Laboratory (INL) are working with industry to model wind's cooling effects on power transmission lines to dynamically couple transmission systems with concurrent cooling processes. In areas

  3. Simulation Toolkit Promises Better Wind Predictions, Increased Farm

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Production | Department of Energy Simulation Toolkit Promises Better Wind Predictions, Increased Farm Production Simulation Toolkit Promises Better Wind Predictions, Increased Farm Production May 11, 2016 - 6:16pm Addthis Wind farm production frequently falls short of expectations. Poor forecasts of low-altitude winds, suboptimal wind plant design and operation, and higher-than-expected downtimes and maintenance costs all undermine project profitability. Each of these issues results from

  4. Oregon Institute of Technology Recognized for Increasing its Use of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Geothermal and Solar Energy | Department of Energy Institute of Technology Recognized for Increasing its Use of Geothermal and Solar Energy Oregon Institute of Technology Recognized for Increasing its Use of Geothermal and Solar Energy April 23, 2014 - 2:01pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT 202-586-4940 America's First Geothermally Heated University Campus Adds 3.5 Megawatts of Clean Electricity Generation WASHINGTON-Today, the Department of Energy recognized the Oregon Institute of Technology

  5. Energy Department Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydroelectric Power | Department of Energy Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean Hydroelectric Power Energy Department Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean Hydroelectric Power April 17, 2012 - 12:39pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- As part of President Obama's all-out, all-of-the-above energy strategy, the Energy Department today released a renewable energy resource assessment detailing the potential to develop electric power generation at existing dams across the United

  6. Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso October 3, 2012 - 2:30pm Addthis Members of the community gathered to celebrate the opening of the Aztec Calendar Pavilion, the first renewable energy education project in El Paso, Texas. | Photo courtesy of the City of El Paso. Members of the community gathered to celebrate the opening of the Aztec Calendar Pavilion, the first renewable energy education project in El Paso, Texas. | Photo courtesy of the

  7. Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    in Safe and Responsible Production from Depleted U.S. Oil Fields | Department of Energy Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases in Safe and Responsible Production from Depleted U.S. Oil Fields Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases in Safe and Responsible Production from Depleted U.S. Oil Fields April 25, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that an innovative technology has

  8. Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets

    Reports and Publications

    2012-01-01

    This report responds to an August 2011 request from the Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy (DOE\\/FE) for an analysis of "the impact of increased domestic natural gas demand, as exports." Appendix A provides a copy of the DOE\\/FE request letter. Specifically, DOE\\/FE asked the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) to assess how specified scenarios of increased natural gas exports could affect domestic energy markets, focusing on consumption, production, and prices.

  9. Chapter 5: Increasing Efficiency of Building Systems and Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    5: Increasing Efficiency of Building Systems and Technologies September 2015 Quadrennial Technology Review 5 Increasing Efficiency of Building Systems and Technologies Issues and RDD&D Opportunities The buildings sector accounts for about 76% of electricity use and 40% of all U. S. primary energy use and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, making it essential to reduce energy consumption in buildings in order to meet national energy and environmental challenges (Chapter 1) and to

  10. Optimizing Blast Furnace Operation to Increase Efficiency and Lower Costs |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Blast Furnace Operation to Increase Efficiency and Lower Costs Optimizing Blast Furnace Operation to Increase Efficiency and Lower Costs cfd_blastfurnace.pdf (552.85 KB) More Documents & Publications Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry EA-1745: Finding of No Significant Impact

  11. Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1999; Exceeds Goal | Department of Energy Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal November 3, 2005 - 12:35pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that the federal government has exceeded its goal of obtaining 2.5 percent of its electricity needs from renewable energy sources by September 30, 2005. The largest energy

  12. Louisiana--North Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  13. Montana Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  14. SEP Success Story: Energy Department Supporting Nevada's Effort to Increase

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Along Major U.S. Highway | Department of Energy Supporting Nevada's Effort to Increase Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Along Major U.S. Highway SEP Success Story: Energy Department Supporting Nevada's Effort to Increase Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Along Major U.S. Highway August 12, 2015 - 1:06pm Addthis Paul Thomsen, Director of the Nevada Governor’s Office of Energy, announces the new Nevada Electric Highway Joint Initiative in Carson City, Nevada.

  15. Alabama (with State Offshore) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  16. Alaska (with Total Offshore) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  17. Development of Advanced Combustion Technologies for Increased Thermal

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Efficiency | Department of Energy Combustion Technologies for Increased Thermal Efficiency Development of Advanced Combustion Technologies for Increased Thermal Efficiency Investigation of fuel effects on low-temperature combustion, particularly HCCI / PCCI combustion deer09_gehrke.pdf (669.71 KB) More Documents & Publications The Role of Advanced Combustion in Improving Thermal Efficiency Heavy-Duty Low Temperature Combustion Development Activities at Caterpillar Diesel HCCI Results at

  18. Ohio Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision Increases

  19. Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    New Federal Buildings by 30% | Department of Energy Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in New Federal Buildings by 30% Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in New Federal Buildings by 30% December 21, 2007 - 4:58pm Addthis WASHINGTON DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced it has established regulations that require new Federal buildings to achieve at least 30% greater energy efficiency over prevailing building codes. Mandated by

  20. Industrial Assessment Centers Small Manufacturers Reduce Energy & Increase

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DOE/EE-1278 Industrial Assessment Centers Small Manufacturers Reduce Energy & Increase Productivity Since 1976, the Industrial Assessment Centers (IACs), administered by the US Department of Energy, have supported small and medium-sized American manufacturers to reduce energy use and increase their productivity and competitiveness. The 24 IACs, located at premier engineering universities around the country (see below), send faculty and engineering students to local small and medium-sized

  1. First Direct Observation of Carbon Dioxide's Increasing Greenhouse Effect

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    at Earth's Surface First Direct Observation of Carbon Dioxide's Increasing Greenhouse Effect at Earth's Surface First Direct Observation of Carbon Dioxide's Increasing Greenhouse Effect at Earth's Surface Researchers Link Rising CO₂ Levels from Fossil Fuels to Radiative Forcing February 25, 2015 Contact: Dan Krotz, dakrotz@lbl.gov, 510-486-4019 ARM Alaska Caption: The scientists used incredibly precise spectroscopic instruments at two sites operated by the Department of Energy's

  2. Texas--State Offshore Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

  3. EERE Success Story-New Sensor Network Technology Increases Manufacturing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Efficiency | Department of Energy Sensor Network Technology Increases Manufacturing Efficiency EERE Success Story-New Sensor Network Technology Increases Manufacturing Efficiency April 11, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis EERE supported Eaton Corporation in the development and successful deployment of an electric motor overload and monitoring solid-state relay. Eaton's relay, called Motor Insight(tm), can reduce installation and infrastructure costs for manufacturers by up to 84% compared with

  4. DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Efficiency | Department of Energy 4 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel Efficiency DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel Efficiency May 26, 2005 - 1:02pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced a public-private partnership between the Department of Energy, industry and academia aimed at significantly improving the vehicle efficiency of cars and trucks through advances in technology. The partnership

  5. Consolidation increases potential tech transfer opportunities | Y-12

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    National Security Complex Consolidation increases ... Consolidation increases potential tech transfer opportunities Posted: April 16, 2015 - 1:43pm CNS and the University of Tennessee signed a new Memorandum of Understanding Dec. 18 at New Hope Center. In the course of work for the U.S. Department of Energy Consolidated Nuclear Security develops new technologies that may have commercial applications. These technologies are typically born from capabilities developed in manufacturing, material

  6. Florida Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

  7. SEP Success Story: Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sustainability | Department of Energy Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability SEP Success Story: Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability June 28, 2012 - 9:14am Addthis The Wisconsin Profitable Sustainability Initiative (PSI), an innovative, customizable and highly-effective program of the Wisconsin Manufacturing Extension Partnership (WMEP), demonstrates the range of economic, social and environmental benefits that can be realized by the state's small

  8. Implications of Increasing U.S. Crude Oil Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Implications of Increasing U.S. Crude Oil Production By John Powell June 18, 2013 U.S. crude oil production is up dramatically since 2010 and will continue to grow rapidly; this has implications for: John Powell June 18, 2013 2 * Refinery operations * Refinery investment * Logistics infrastructure investment * Exports of petroleum products * Exports of crude oil Increased U.S. crude oil production has resulted in: John Powell June 18, 2013 3 * Declines in U.S. crude imports * Changes to refinery

  9. The Breakthrough Behind a 300% Increase in Photosynthesis Productivity |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy The Breakthrough Behind a 300% Increase in Photosynthesis Productivity The Breakthrough Behind a 300% Increase in Photosynthesis Productivity January 31, 2011 - 3:29pm Addthis Sunita Satyapal Director, Fuel Cell Technologies Office What does this mean for me? Could lead to cheaper renewable energy sources. Recently, the Department of Energy hosted Dr. Tasios Melis, the UC Berkeley scientist behind a Department of Energy funded innovation that promises to triple the

  10. Better Buildings Expanding to Help Increase Efficiency in Homes |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Expanding to Help Increase Efficiency in Homes Better Buildings Expanding to Help Increase Efficiency in Homes May 28, 2015 - 8:22am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 To further advance energy efficiency in buildings across the country, the Department of Energy is launching two new Better Buildings Accelerators that will help American families improve the efficiency of their homes. The two new accelerators announced today are aimed at making home energy

  11. Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability June 28, 2012 - 3:51pm Addthis The Wisconsin Profitable Sustainability Initiative (PSI), an innovative, customizable and highly-effective program of the Wisconsin Manufacturing Extension Partnership (WMEP), demonstrates the range of economic, social and environmental benefits that can be realized by the state's small and midsize manufacturers through the implementation of

  12. High Performance Without Increased Cost: Urbane Homes, Louisville, KY -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Building America Top Innovation | Department of Energy High Performance Without Increased Cost: Urbane Homes, Louisville, KY - Building America Top Innovation High Performance Without Increased Cost: Urbane Homes, Louisville, KY - Building America Top Innovation Photo of a Housing Award logo with a home. This Top Innovation highlights Building America field projects that demonstrated minimal or cost-neutral impacts for high-performance homes and that have significantly influenced the housing

  13. ATP citrate lyase mediated cytosolic acetyl-CoA biosynthesis increases mevalonate production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Sarah; Denby, Charles M.; Van Vu, T.; Baidoo, Edward E. K.; Wang, George; Keasling, Jay D.

    2016-03-03

    With increasing concern about the environmental impact of a petroleum based economy, focus has shifted towards greener production strategies including metabolic engineering of microbes for the conversion of plant-based feedstocks to second generation biofuels and industrial chemicals. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an attractive host for this purpose as it has been extensively engineered for production of various fuels and chemicals. Many of the target molecules are derived from the central metabolite and molecular building block, acetyl-CoA. To date, it has been difficult to engineer S. cerevisiae to continuously convert sugars present in biomass-based feedstocks to acetyl-CoA derived products due to intrinsicmore » physiological constraints—in respiring cells, the precursor pyruvate is directed away from the endogenous cytosolic acetyl-CoA biosynthesis pathway towards the mitochondria, and in fermenting cells pyruvate is directed towards the byproduct ethanol. In this study we incorporated an alternative mode of acetyl-CoA biosynthesis mediated by ATP citrate lyase (ACL) that may obviate such constraints. We characterized the activity of several heterologously expressed ACLs in crude cell lysates, and found that ACL from Aspergillus nidulans demonstrated the highest activity. We employed a push/pull strategy to shunt citrate towards ACL by deletion of the mitochondrial NAD+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1) and engineering higher flux through the upper mevalonate pathway. We demonstrated that combining the two modifications increases accumulation of mevalonate pathway intermediates, and that both modifications are required to substantially increase production. Finally, we incorporated a block strategy by replacing the native ERG12 (mevalonate kinase) promoter with the copper-repressible CTR3 promoter to maximize accumulation of the commercially important molecule mevalonate. In conclusion, by combining the push/pull/block strategies, we significantly

  14. Warming and increased precipitation frequency on the Colorado Plateau: implications for biological soil crusts and soil processes

    SciTech Connect

    Zelikova TJ; Housman DC; Grote EE; Neher DA; Belnap J

    2012-01-01

    Changes in temperature and precipitation are expected to influence ecosystem processes worldwide. Despite their globally large extent, few studies to date have examined the effects of climate change in desert ecosystems, where biological soil crusts are key nutrient cycling components. The goal of this work was to assess how increased temperature and frequency of summertime precipitation affect the contributions of crust organisms to soil processes. With a combination of experimental 2°C warming and altered summer precipitation frequency applied over 2 years, we measured soil nutrient cycling and the structure and function of crust communities. We saw no change in crust cover, composition, or other measures of crust function in response to 2°C warming and no effects on any measure of soil chemistry. In contrast, crust cover and function responded to increased frequency of summer precipitation, shifting from moss to cyanobacteria-dominated crusts; however, in the short timeframe we measured, there was no accompanying change in soil chemistry. Total bacterial and fungal biomass was also reduced in watered plots, while the activity of two enzymes increased, indicating a functional change in the microbial community. Taken together, our results highlight the limited effects of warming alone on biological soil crust communities and soil chemistry, but demonstrate the substantially larger effects of altered summertime precipitation.

  15. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase; west coast has largest week-to-week increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2, 2015 U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase; west coast has largest week-to- week increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.47 a gallon on Monday. That's up 14.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.13 a gallon, up 37.2 cents from a week ago marking the largest week-to-week increase in this region since EIA's weekly survey of

  16. Effects of increasing tip velocity on wind turbine rotor design.

    SciTech Connect

    Resor, Brian Ray; Maniaci, David Charles; Berg, Jonathan Charles; Richards, Phillip William

    2014-05-01

    A reduction in cost of energy from wind is anticipated when maximum allowable tip velocity is allowed to increase. Rotor torque decreases as tip velocity increases and rotor size and power rating are held constant. Reduction in rotor torque yields a lighter weight gearbox, a decrease in the turbine cost, and an increase in the capacity for the turbine to deliver cost competitive electricity. The high speed rotor incurs costs attributable to rotor aero-acoustics and system loads. The increased loads of high speed rotors drive the sizing and cost of other components in the system. Rotor, drivetrain, and tower designs at 80 m/s maximum tip velocity and 100 m/s maximum tip velocity are created to quantify these effects. Component costs, annualized energy production, and cost of energy are computed for each design to quantify the change in overall cost of energy resulting from the increase in turbine tip velocity. High fidelity physics based models rather than cost and scaling models are used to perform the work. Results provide a quantitative assessment of anticipated costs and benefits for high speed rotors. Finally, important lessons regarding full system optimization of wind turbines are documented.

  17. RECENT PROCESS IMPROVEMENTS TO INCREASE HLW THROUGHPUT AT THE DWPF

    SciTech Connect

    Herman, C

    2007-02-14

    The Savannah River Site's (SRS) Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF), the world's largest operating high level waste (HLW) vitrification plant, began stabilizing about 35 million gallons of SRS liquid radioactive waste by-product in 1996. The DWPF has since filled over 2000 canisters with about 4000 pounds of radioactive glass in each canister. In the past few years there have been several process and equipment improvements at the DWPF to increase the rate at which the waste can be stabilized. These improvements have either directly increased waste processing rates or have desensitized the process and therefore minimized process upsets and thus downtime. These improvements, which include glass former optimization, increased waste loading of the glass, the melter heated bellows liner, and glass surge protection software, will be discussed in this paper.

  18. Reduction of beta* and increase of luminosity at RHIC

    SciTech Connect

    Pilat,F.; Bai, M.; Bruno, D.; Cameron, P.; Della Penna, A.; Drees, A.; Litvinenko, V.; Luo, Y.; Malitsky, N.; Marr, G.; Ptitsyn, V.; Satogata, T.; Tepikian, S.; Trbojevic, D.

    2009-05-04

    The reduction of {beta}* beyond the 1m design value at RHIC has been consistently achieved over the last 6 years of RHIC operations, resulting in an increase of luminosity for different running modes and species. During the recent 2007-08 deuteron-gold run the reduction to 0.70 from the design 1m achieved a 30% increase in delivered luminosity. The key ingredients allowing the reduction have been the capability of efficiently developing ramps with tune and coupling feedback, orbit corrections on the ramp, and collimation, to minimize beam losses in the final focus triplets, the main aperture limitations for the collision optics. We will describe the operational strategy used to reduce the {beta}*, at first squeezing the beam at store, to test feasibility, followed by the operationally preferred option of squeezing the beam during acceleration, and the resulting luminosity increase. We will conclude with future plans for the beta squeeze.

  19. Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy withoutsacrificing safety

    SciTech Connect

    Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

    2007-06-11

    The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety and fuel economy in the auto sector is that no trade-off is required. There are a wide variety of technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle fuel economy that have no effect on vehicle safety. Conversely, there are many technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle safety that are not detrimental to vehicle fuel economy. Congress is considering new policies to increase the fuel economy of new automobiles in order to reduce oil dependence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The findings reported here offer reassurance on an important dimension of that work: It is possible to significantly increase the fuel economy of motor vehicles without compromising their safety. Automobiles on the road today demonstrate that higher fuel economy and greater safety can co-exist. Some of the safest vehicles have higher fuel economy, while some of the least safe vehicles driven today--heavy, large trucks and SUVs--have the lowest fuel economy. At an October 3, 2006 workshop, leading researchers from national laboratories, academia, auto manufacturers, insurance research industry, consumer and environmental groups, material supply industries, and the federal government agreed that vehicles could be designed to simultaneously improve safety and fuel economy. The real question is not whether we can realize this goal, but the best path to get there. The experts' studies reveal important new conclusions about fuel economy and safety, including: (1) Vehicle fuel economy can be increased without affecting safety, and vice versa; (2) Reducing the weight and height of the heaviest SUVs and pickup trucks will simultaneously increase both their fuel economy and overall safety; and (3) Advanced materials can decouple size from mass, creating important new possibilities for

  20. Wind Development Found to Increase County-Level Personal Income |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Development Found to Increase County-Level Personal Income Wind Development Found to Increase County-Level Personal Income January 10, 2013 - 2:21pm Addthis This is an excerpt from the Fourth Quarter 2012 edition of the Wind Program R&D Newsletter. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) joined forces with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to complete a first-of-its-kind

  1. Pennsylvania Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 17 15 34 1980's 23 70 125 137 277 188 202 109 121 126 1990's 167 88 136 177 315 95 243 519 218 642 2000's 417 201 330 241 657 234 185 326 655 668 2010's 2,892 7,077 5,466 7,166 8,633 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  2. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel increased to $2.41 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.66 a gallon, up 3 and a half cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.27 a gallon, up 2

  3. U.S. gasoline prices increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    19, 2016 U.S. gasoline prices increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.22 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.65 a gallon, up 1.8 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 1.97 a gallon, down 6-tenths of a penny. The largest regional price increase was in the Lower

  4. Energy Department Invests $6 Million to Increase Energy Efficiency of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Schools, Offices, Stores and other U.S. Buildings | Department of Energy 6 Million to Increase Energy Efficiency of Schools, Offices, Stores and other U.S. Buildings Energy Department Invests $6 Million to Increase Energy Efficiency of Schools, Offices, Stores and other U.S. Buildings May 5, 2015 - 11:10am Addthis As part of the Administration's effort to cut energy waste in the nation's buildings and double energy productivity by 2030, the Energy Department today announced nearly $6 million

  5. Possible Pathways for Increasing Natural Gas Use for Transportation (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Zigler, B.

    2014-10-01

    A collaborative partnership of DOE National Laboratories is working with DOE to identify critical RD&D needs to significantly increase the speed and breadth of NG uptake into the transportation sector. Drivers for increased utilization of natural gas for transportation are discussed. Key needs in research, development, and deployment are proposed, as well as possible pathways to address those needs. This presentation is intended to serve as a catalyst to solicit input from stakeholders regarding what technical areas they deem the most important.

  6. Increase of the grating coupler bandwidth with a graphene overlay

    SciTech Connect

    Cheng, Zhenzhou; Li, Zhen; Xu, Ke; Tsang, Hon Ki

    2014-03-17

    We present theoretical and experimental results that demonstrate an increase in the grating bandwidth by placing a graphene on the chip. A focusing subwavelength grating with coupling efficiency of ?4.3?dB and 1?dB bandwidth of ?60?nm was demonstrated. After a graphene sheet was transferred onto the chip, the maximum 1?dB bandwidth was increased to ?72?nm. Experimental results are consistent with the calculated graphene induced waveguide refractive index and dispersion changes, and the bandwidth improvement may be attributed to the reduction of grating dispersion. This study may be of interest for graphene-on-silicon photonic integrated circuit applications.

  7. Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 94 83 118 1980's 64 87 146 115 184 98 105 160 239 228 1990's 87 281 148 164 191 79 453 252 538 624 2000's 422 263 383 303 205 141 460 780 143 367 2010's 260 210 541 388 290 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date:

  8. Mississippi Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Mississippi Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 55 107 71 1980's 45 75 226 179 176 88 192 153 130 181 1990's 163 88 121 64 55 73 87 66 177 165 2000's 84 70 89 67 48 57 96 53 108 92 2010's 77 105 91 39 82 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date:

  9. Montana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Montana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 112 120 45 1980's 72 102 72 58 54 65 60 57 48 91 1990's 34 20 22 29 26 133 59 99 119 98 2000's 130 82 40 46 73 63 65 92 41 132 2010's 103 43 31 113 89 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release

  10. Ohio Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Ohio Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 48 30 114 1980's 33 12 32 10 26 29 51 45 20 45 1990's 34 26 21 36 27 39 91 101 276 401 2000's 243 129 186 121 103 166 49 144 135 70 2010's 68 17 180 530 1,548 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next

  11. Louisiana State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 149 127 138 155 3,313 1990's 116 142 142 111 241 144 104 112 97 135 2000's 107 67 61 85 112 54 62 86 240 80 2010's 66 55 122 72 12 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date:

  12. Lower 48 States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Lower 48 States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,563 2010's 2,589 2,071 971 3,123 3,299 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision I

  13. Lower 48 States Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) Lower 48 States Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 2,876 2010's 3,503 4,734 4,825 4,699 5,789 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate

  14. Miscellaneous States Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 9 6 13 1980's 9 8 11 3 16 2 1 4 5 7 1990's 6 8 38 13 3 8 10 21 16 41 2000's 7 3 6 6 7 8 11 12 41 65 2010's 104 100 19 25 5 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next

  15. New Mexico - East Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Barrels) Increases (Million Barrels) New Mexico - East Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 95 2010's 85 97 193 182 284 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Revision

  16. New Mexico - East Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - East Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 362 636 455 1980's 331 346 458 421 551 461 378 524 567 514 1990's 512 550 532 430 385 476 440 392 623 938 2000's 641 470 1,271 622 646 457 607 488 549 541 2010's 480 502 814 1,014 1,442 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of

  17. Alabama Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Alabama Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 18 35 129 1980's 69 119 1990's 759 773 545 44 2,101 481 502 348 309 215 2000's 74 78 130 588 162 135 234 163 283 99 2010's 206 455 99 67 140 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date:

  18. Arkansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Arkansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 50 76 48 1980's 116 61 87 181 146 105 180 215 118 202 1990's 100 163 182 98 147 107 96 205 596 761 2000's 207 128 114 148 200 122 101 321 1,249 1,912 2010's 1,072 631 1,754 560 171 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

  19. California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 209 413 660 1980's 793 211 315 221 255 1990's 186 208 185 110 136 113 207 358 574 553 2000's 733 162 202 301 440 739 156 355 263 259 2010's 548 1,486 538 256 612 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date:

  20. California Federal Offshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) California Federal Offshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 42 1 4 1980's 84 296 53 124 74 1990's 19 24 18 435 569 180 19 6 19 107 2000's 86 95 35 41 22 418 43 49 23 79 2010's 23 39 16 6 19 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date:

  1. California State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) California State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 43 52 40 1980's 1 2 14 5 8 1990's 5 1 18 3 9 4 1 3 0 46 2000's 39 6 11 6 15 13 9 12 2 3 2010's 13 11 1 12 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release

  2. Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 37 117 62 1980's 293 414 55 176 80 111 51 281 86 87 1990's 112 204 161 337 172 69 125 293 645 801 2000's 177 805 207 188 475 186 218 1,113 379 1,342 2010's 872 813 1,349 484 752 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date:

  3. New Mexico--West Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico--West Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 443 2010's 490 551 255 1,291 1,343 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Reserves Revision

  4. Texas (with State Offshore) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas (with State Offshore) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 2,052 2010's 3,580 12,185 3,748 7,294 7,600 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves

  5. Texas - RRC District 10 Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas - RRC District 10 Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 361 508 515 1980's 416 485 586 479 577 527 517 742 510 651 1990's 1,022 567 348 500 584 528 499 384 834 958 2000's 597 381 365 490 777 712 573 532 539 526 2010's 1,252 795 1,022 891 910 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  6. Texas State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 214 243 55 72 65 60 1990's 57 68 75 95 37 89 36 58 141 170 2000's 99 16 41 37 165 35 16 14 23 29 2010's 20 75 16 9 18 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release

  7. Kentucky Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Kentucky Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 35 79 37 1980's 39 91 54 32 65 343 126 65 25 67 1990's 93 99 73 34 49 100 43 107 14 230 2000's 363 348 377 128 176 251 56 62 187 126 2010's 103 178 43 159 72 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next

  8. New class of fuel cells offer increased flexibility, lower cost

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    New class of fuel cells offer increased flexibility, lower cost New class of fuel cells offer increased flexibility, lower cost A new class of fuel cells based on a newly discovered polymer-based material could bridge the gap between the operating temperature ranges of two existing types of polymer fuel cells. August 23, 2016 Yu Seung Kim (left) and Kwan-Soo Lee (right) Yu Seung Kim (left) and Kwan-Soo Lee (right) Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email

  9. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz Calls for Increased Investment to Enhance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    U.S. Energy Emergency Response | Department of Energy Ernest Moniz Calls for Increased Investment to Enhance U.S. Energy Emergency Response Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz Calls for Increased Investment to Enhance U.S. Energy Emergency Response August 16, 2016 - 11:38am Addthis News Media Contact DOENews@hq.doe.gov 202-586-4940 SEATTLE - In his testimony before a field hearing held today by Ranking Member Maria Cantwell and the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, U.S. Secretary

  10. Method of increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth sorbents

    DOEpatents

    Shearer, John A.; Turner, Clarence B.; Johnson, Irving

    1982-01-01

    A system and method for increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth carbonates to scrub sulfur dioxide produced during the fluidized bed combustion of coal in which partially sulfated alkaline earth carbonates are hydrated in a fluidized bed to crack the sulfate coating and convert the alkaline earth oxide to the hydroxide. Subsequent dehydration of the sulfate-hydroxide to a sulfate-oxide particle produces particles having larger pore size, increased porosity, decreased grain size and additional sulfation capacity. A continuous process is disclosed.

  11. Louisiana (with State Offshore) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana (with State Offshore) Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 636 2010's 1,856 2,002 1,422 1,606 1,653 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Reserves

  12. Method of increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth sorbents

    DOEpatents

    Shearer, J.A.; Turner, C.B.; Johnson, I.

    1980-03-13

    A system and method for increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth carbonates to scrub sulfur dioxide produced during the fluidized bed combustion of coal in which partially sulfated alkaline earth carbonates are hydrated in a fluidized bed to crack the sulfate coating and convert the alkaline earth oxide to the hydroxide. Subsequent dehydration of the sulfate-hydroxide to a sulfate-oxide particle produces particles having larger pore size, increased porosity, decreased grain size and additional sulfation capacity. A continuous process is disclosed.

  13. Federal Task Force Issues Recommendations to Increase the Safety and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Reliability of U.S. Natural Gas Storage Facilities | Department of Energy Federal Task Force Issues Recommendations to Increase the Safety and Reliability of U.S. Natural Gas Storage Facilities Federal Task Force Issues Recommendations to Increase the Safety and Reliability of U.S. Natural Gas Storage Facilities October 18, 2016 - 12:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov New Report Chronicles Lessons Learned from Aliso Canyon Leak and Calls for a Phase-out of

  14. System for increasing corona inception voltage of insulating oils

    DOEpatents

    Rohwein, G.J.

    1998-05-19

    The Corona Inception Voltage of insulating oils is increased by repetitive cycles of prestressing the oil with a voltage greater than the corona inception voltage, and either simultaneously or serially removing byproducts of corona by evacuation and heating the oil. 5 figs.

  15. Mass spectrometer and methods of increasing dispersion between ion beams

    DOEpatents

    Appelhans, Anthony D.; Olson, John E.; Delmore, James E.

    2006-01-10

    A mass spectrometer includes a magnetic sector configured to separate a plurality of ion beams, and an electrostatic sector configured to receive the plurality of ion beams from the magnetic sector and increase separation between the ion beams, the electrostatic sector being used as a dispersive element following magnetic separation of the plurality of ion beams. Other apparatus and methods are provided.

  16. U.S. Gasoline Price Continues to Increase (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline Price Continues to Increase (Short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.27 a gallon on Monday. That's up 8.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  17. U.S. Gasoline prices continue increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.69 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  18. U.S. gasoline continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. gasoline continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.33 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1- tenth of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  19. U.S. gasoline continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. gasoline continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.33 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  20. U.S. gasoline price continues to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price continues to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.19 a gallon on Monday. That's up 12.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  1. U.S. gasoline price continues to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price continues to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.33 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  2. U.S. gasoline price continues to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price continues to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.47 a gallon on Monday. That's up 14.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  3. U.S. gasoline price increases (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price increases (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.83 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  4. U.S. gasoline price increases this week (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price increases this week (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.46 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4 tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  5. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline increased to $2.24 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  6. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.49 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  7. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.66 a gallon on Monday. That's up 9.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  8. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.69 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  9. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.74 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  10. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.77 a gallon on Memorial Day Monday. That's up 3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  11. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.78 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6- tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  12. U.S. gasoline prices increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.22 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodydard

  13. U.S. gasoline prices increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline increased to $2.25 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  14. Impacts of Increased Diesel Penetration in the Transportation Sector, The

    Reports and Publications

    1998-01-01

    Requested by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy. Analyzes the impacts on petroleum prices, demand, and refinery operations of a projected increase in demand for diesel fuel stemming from greater penetration of diesel-fueled engines in the light-duty vehicle fleet of the U.S. transportation sector.

  15. Oak Ridge EM Program Increases Focus on Mercury Cleanup

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    OAK RIDGE, Tenn. – EM Senior Advisor Dave Huizenga recently joined local lawmakers and state and federal officials to announce their partnership to increase focus on cleanup of mercury — one of Oak Ridge’s greatest environmental threats — at the Y-12 National Security Complex.

  16. Increased serum cortisol binding in chronic active hepatitis

    SciTech Connect

    Orbach, O.; Schussler, G.C.

    1989-01-01

    A high serum cortisol concentration, apparently due to increased cortisol-binding globulin (CBG), was found in a patient (index case) with chronic active hepatitis (CAH). We therefore performed further studies to determine whether increased cortisol binding is generally associated with CAH. Serum samples were obtained from 15 hospitalized patients with long-term liver function test elevations but no evidence of cirrhosis, 15 normal subjects without a history of hepatitis, four healthy pregnant women, and 10 alcoholic patients with stigmata of cirrhosis. Serum cortisol binding was measured by an adaptation of a previously described charcoal uptake method. Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) and sex hormone-binding globulin were determined by radioimmunoassays. Charcoal uptake of 125I cortisol from sera of normal subjects and additional patients with CAH revealed that increased serum cortisol binding by a saturable site, presumably CBG, was associated with CAH. Cortisol binding was significantly correlated with immunoassayable TBG, suggesting that in CAH, similar mechanisms may be responsible for increasing the serum concentrations of CBG and TBG.

  17. Assessment of Summer 1997 motor gasoline price increase

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    Gasoline markets in 1996 and 1997 provided several spectacular examples of petroleum market dynamics. The first occurred in spring 1996, when tight markets, following a long winter of high demand, resulted in rising crude oil prices just when gasoline prices exhibit their normal spring rise ahead of the summer driving season. Rising crude oil prices again pushed gasoline prices up at the end of 1996, but a warm winter and growing supplies weakened world crude oil markets, pushing down crude oil and gasoline prices during spring 1997. The 1996 and 1997 spring markets provided good examples of how crude oil prices can move gasoline prices both up and down, regardless of the state of the gasoline market in the United States. Both of these spring events were covered in prior Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports. As the summer of 1997 was coming to a close, consumers experienced yet another surge in gasoline prices. Unlike the previous increase in spring 1996, crude oil was not a factor. The late summer 1997 price increase was brought about by the supply/demand fundamentals in the gasoline markets, rather than the crude oil markets. The nature of the summer 1997 gasoline price increase raised questions regarding production and imports. Given very strong demand in July and August, the seemingly limited supply response required examination. In addition, the price increase that occurred on the West Coast during late summer exhibited behavior different than the increase east of the Rocky Mountains. Thus, the Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD) 5 region needed additional analysis (Appendix A). This report is a study of this late summer gasoline market and some of the important issues surrounding that event.

  18. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase; West Coast increases by over 23 cents (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    increase; West Coast increases by over 23 cents (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.66 a gallon on Monday. That's up 9.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.42 a gallon, up 23.4 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.38 a gallon, up 7.9 cents.

  19. Muscle contraction increases carnitine uptake via translocation of OCTN2

    SciTech Connect

    Furuichi, Yasuro; Sugiura, Tomoko; Kato, Yukio; Takakura, Hisashi; Hanai, Yoshiteru; Hashimoto, Takeshi; Masuda, Kazumi

    2012-02-24

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Muscle contraction augmented carnitine uptake into rat hindlimb muscles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An increase in carnitine uptake was due to an intrinsic clearance, not blood flow. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Histochemical analysis showed sarcolemmal OCTN2 was emphasized after contraction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer OCTN2 protein in sarcolemmal fraction was increased in contracting muscles. -- Abstract: Since carnitine plays an important role in fat oxidation, influx of carnitine could be crucial for muscle metabolism. OCTN2 (SLC22A5), a sodium-dependent solute carrier, is assumed to transport carnitine into skeletal muscle cells. Acute regulation of OCTN2 activity in rat hindlimb muscles was investigated in response to electrically induced contractile activity. The tissue uptake clearance (CL{sub uptake}) of L-[{sup 3}H]carnitine during muscle contraction was examined in vivo using integration plot analysis. The CL{sub uptake} of [{sup 14}C]iodoantipyrine (IAP) was also determined as an index of tissue blood flow. To test the hypothesis that increased carnitine uptake involves the translocation of OCTN2, contraction-induced alteration in the subcellular localization of OCTN2 was examined. The CL{sub uptake} of L-[{sup 3}H]carnitine in the contracting muscles increased 1.4-1.7-fold as compared to that in the contralateral resting muscles (p < 0.05). The CL{sub uptake} of [{sup 14}C]IAP was much higher than that of L-[{sup 3}H]carnitine, but no association between the increase in carnitine uptake and blood flow was obtained. Co-immunostaining of OCTN2 and dystrophin (a muscle plasma membrane marker) showed an increase in OCTN2 signal in the plasma membrane after muscle contraction. Western blotting showed that the level of sarcolemmal OCTN2 was greater in contracting muscles than in resting muscles (p < 0.05). The present study showed that muscle contraction facilitated carnitine uptake in skeletal muscles, possibly

  20. Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 4,269 5,047 5,220 4,477 4,397 4,840 1990's 4,685 4,305 3,743 4,051 5,800 5,519 4,649 4,660 7,584 11,392 2000's 5,797 3,594 4,734 4,462 7,442 6,008 6,392 9,325 8,954 7,936 2010's 10,917 19,921 9,246 13,412 14,787 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of

  1. Louisiana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,978 1,526 1,655 1,717 5,217 1990's 1,568 1,883 1,472 1,419 1,586 1,684 1,111 1,606 2,173 2,571 2000's 1,645 1,013 1,206 792 1,089 876 1,191 1,011 1,387 1,863 2010's 3,149 3,755 3,757 2,951 2,762 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  2. Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 837 962 1,026 1980's 1,293 1,262 2,374 2,189 2,245 2,357 2,158 2,251 2,538 1,984 1990's 1,803 1,710 1,988 1,554 1,580 1,892 1,886 2,396 2,995 3,029 2000's 2,498 1,458 2,159 2,892 2,173 3,064 1,515 2,115 2,786 2,894 2010's 3,224 5,142 4,153 4,118 6,573 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  3. Louisiana - South Onshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana - South Onshore Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 1,510 1,330 1,371 1980's 1,206 1,519 1,531 1,213 996 1,359 1,080 1,270 1,038 1,545 1990's 1,076 1,304 847 913 924 1,035 534 887 1,243 1,412 2000's 1,079 648 558 452 629 485 526 492 479 617 2010's 490 604 718 275 326 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  4. New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 488 963 1,455 1980's 532 443 253 160 230 905 1,671 599 4,854 675 1990's 659 1,434 1,225 1,570 416 791 634 2,067 1,417 944 2000's 1,107 1,129 991 925 2,111 1,614 666 2,046 2,186 855 2010's 1,731 1,612 1,570 2,393 1,952 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W =

  5. Alaska Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Alaska Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 2 1,057 719 1980's 1,091 154 2,225 306 907 523 185 718 796 227 1990's 1,065 795 177 679 244 562 202 1,809 169 3,577 2000's 300 233 141 427 632 293 2,853 2,147 184 1,868 2010's 622 928 752 153 266 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company

  6. Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 116 226 373 1980's 250 131 322 167 160 368 372 340 473 431 1990's 394 719 718 1,000 696 555 802 959 1,898 2,788 2000's 1,825 1,882 2,029 2,114 1,505 2,018 1,178 3,924 3,244 1,601 2010's 2,973 2,509 2,137 4,110 3,461 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure

  7. Louisiana - North Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana - North Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 166 224 286 1980's 252 310 217 224 260 208 319 247 524 359 1990's 376 437 483 395 421 505 473 607 833 1,024 2000's 459 298 587 255 348 337 603 433 668 1,166 2010's 2,593 3,096 2,917 2,604 2,424 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  8. NREL Employees Significantly Increase Their Community Support - News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Releases | NREL Employees Significantly Increase Their Community Support Charitable Giving Campaign Sees Second Record Breaking Year December 17, 2010 For the second year in a row, employees of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) pledged significantly more to community organizations during its annual charitable giving campaign this holiday season. For 2011, employees have committed more than $430,000 to the Partnership for Colorado and Mile High United

  9. NREL Licenses Technology to Increase Solar Cell Efficiency - News Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    | NREL NREL Licenses Technology to Increase Solar Cell Efficiency Natcore to develop 'black silicon' solar cells based on award-winning innovation December 20, 2011 The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) announced today that Natcore Technology Inc. has been granted a patent license agreement to develop a line of black silicon products. Natcore and NREL also will enter a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to develop commercial

  10. U.S. gasoline prices increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    11, 2016 U.S. gasoline prices increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.27 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA in Washington. For more information, contact Amerine Woodyard, 202-586-1256

  11. Methods for generating or increasing revenues from crops

    DOEpatents

    Copenhaver, Gregory P.; Keith, Kevin; Preuss, Daphne

    2007-03-20

    The present invention provides methods of doing business and providing services. For example, methods of increasing the revenue of crops are provided. To this end, the method includes the use of a nucleic acid sequences of plant centromeres. This will permit construction of stably inherited recombinant DNA constructs and mini chromosomes which can serve as vectors for the construction of transgenic plant and animal cells.

  12. Wholesale electricity market design with increasing levels of renewable

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    generation: Revenue sufficiency and long-term reliability | Argonne National Laboratory Revenue sufficiency and long-term reliability Title Wholesale electricity market design with increasing levels of renewable generation: Revenue sufficiency and long-term reliability Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2016 Authors Milligan, M, Frew, BA, Bloom, A, Ela, E, Botterud, A, Townsend, A, Levin, T Journal The Electricity Journal Volume 29 Start Page 26 Issue 2 Pagination 13 Date

  13. ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF INCREASING ELECTRIC GRID RESILIENCE TO

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF INCREASING ELECTRIC GRID RESILIENCE TO WEATHER OUTAGES Executive Office of the President August 2013 2 This report was prepared by the President's Council of Economic Advisers and the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, with assistance from the White House Office of Science and Technology 3 Executive Summary Severe weather is the leading cause of power outages in the United States. Between 2003 and 2012, an estimated 679

  14. Projecting the climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide

    SciTech Connect

    MacCracken, M C; Luther, F M

    1985-12-01

    This report presents the current knowns, unknowns, and uncertainties regarding the projected climate changes that might occur as a result of an increasing atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration. Further, the volume describes what research is required to estimate the magnitude and rate of a CO/sub 2/-induced clamate change with regional and seasonal resolution. Separate abstracts have been prepared for the individual papers. (ACR)

  15. Los Alamos scientist recognized for work to increase availability of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    critical medical isotope May recognized by the National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos scientist recognized for work to increase availability of critical medical isotope Iain May recognized for his work towards ensuring the reliability and domestic supply of a critical medical isotope used for diagnostic imaging. October 20, 2016 Iain May Iain May Contact Laura Mullane Communications Office (505) 667-6012 Email "May has used the scientific resources of the Laboratory to have

  16. Efflux Pumps to Increase Microbial Tolerance and Biofuel Production -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Innovation Portal Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Find More Like This Return to Search Efflux Pumps to Increase Microbial Tolerance and Biofuel Production Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contact LBL About This Technology Publications: PDF Document Publication Engineering microbial biofuel tolerance and export using efflux pumps (356 KB) Technology Marketing Summary Aindrila Mukhopadhyay, Jay Keasling, and Mary Dunlop at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have

  17. Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy January 9, 2013 - 12:30pm Addthis Europium, a rare earth element that has the same relative hardness of lead, is used to create fluorescent lightbulbs. With no proven substitutes, europium is considered critical to the clean energy economy. | Photo courtesy of the Ames Laboratory. Europium, a rare earth element that has the same relative hardness

  18. Increased Lipid Accumulation and Carbohydrate Synthesis in Strains of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Microalgae - Energy Innovation Portal Increased Lipid Accumulation and Carbohydrate Synthesis in Strains of Microalgae Colorado School of Mines Contact CSM About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryIn this invention we report methods by which various strains of microalgae are manipulated.DescriptionIn this invention we report methods by which various strains of microalgae are manipulated. From these manipulations, the microalgae can be made to: 1) overproduce two principal building

  19. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Increasing Cloud

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Droplet Size with Aerosol Optical Depth: A New Effect or Artifact? Increasing Cloud Droplet Size with Aerosol Optical Depth: A New Effect or Artifact? Li, Zhanqing University of Maryland Yuan, Tianle University of Maryland Vant-Hull, Brian University of Maryland Since the Twomey effect was proposed in 1977, it has been a common belief that cloud particle size only decreases with aerosol loading. Using NASA's MODIS products, an opposite trend is found, together with a general finding that

  20. System-wide emissions implications of increased wind power penetration.

    SciTech Connect

    Valentino, L.; Valenzuela, V.; Botterud, A.; Zhou, Z.; Conzelmann, G.

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses the environmental effects of incorporating wind energy into the electric power system. We present a detailed emissions analysis based on comprehensive modeling of power system operations with unit commitment and economic dispatch for different wind penetration levels. First, by minimizing cost, the unit commitment model decides which thermal power plants will be utilized based on a wind power forecast, and then, the economic dispatch model dictates the level of production for each unit as a function of the realized wind power generation. Finally, knowing the power production from each power plant, the emissions are calculated. The emissions model incorporates the effects of both cycling and start-ups of thermal power plants in analyzing emissions from an electric power system with increasing levels of wind power. Our results for the power system in the state of Illinois show significant emissions effects from increased cycling and particularly start-ups of thermal power plants. However, we conclude that as the wind power penetration increases, pollutant emissions decrease overall due to the replacement of fossil fuels.

  1. Increased activity expected in Permian basin, Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Hagar, R.

    1988-03-14

    Exploration and development activities in two of the most important petroleum provinces in the U.S. are mixed, but the outlook is bright. There has been a steady increase in drilling in oil plays of the deepwater Gulf of Mexico and in the Permian basin of West Texas and New Mexico. But natural gas drilling has not seen much of an increase, although activity involving Miocne sands in the shallow water portion of the gulf is starting to pick up. Deep gas drilling, stalled by the 1986 spot price collapse, has not yet shown signs of new life, even though production is scheduled to begin this year from the Jurassic Norphlet deep gas play off Alabama. There should be continued increases this year in deepwater and Permian basin drilling if oil prices remain in the $18-20/bbl range. And gas drilling is expected to pick up considerably if spot prices strengthen. An important factor in the drilling outlook is an expectation that major interstate transmission companies this year will resume buying long term gas supplies for resale. Long term contracts reduce producer uncertainty in project economics.

  2. Diesel prices increase for first time in six weeks

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices increase for first time in six weeks The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.83 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 3.97 a gallon, down 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.73 a gallon, up 1.9 cents.

  3. U.S. Diesel Fuel Price Continues to Increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel Fuel Price Continues to Increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.87 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England and Central Atlantic regions at 3.08 a gallon. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain states at 2.77 a gallon, down 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago.

  4. U.S. Gasoline Price Continues to Increase (Long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7, 2015 U.S. Gasoline Price Continues to Increase (Long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.27 a gallon on Monday. That's up 8.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.62 a gallon, up 14.8 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain states at 2 dollars a gallon, up 4.9 cents. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA, in Washington.

  5. U.S. Gasoline Prices Continue to Increase (Long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    October 11, 2016 U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.27 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.68 a gallon, down 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.04 a gallon, up 3.1 cents.

  6. U.S. diesel fuel price continues to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel price continues to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 ½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 3.17 a gallon, up 8.9 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain states at 2.76 a gallon, down 8-tenths of a penny.

  7. U.S. diesel fuel price continues to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel price continues to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.94 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest at 3.29 a gallon in the New England region, up 11.8 cents from a week ago and in the Central Atlantic region, up 13.3 cents. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain states at 2.78 a gallon, up 1.7 cents.

  8. U.S. diesel fuel price continues to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel price continues to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.94 a gallon on Monday. That's up 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest at 3.33 a gallon in the New England and Central Atlantic regions. Prices were lowest at 2.80 a gallon in the Gulf Coast region and in the Rocky Mountain states.

  9. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.12 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.32 a gallon, up 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2 dollars a gallon, up a penny. This is Amerine Woodyard

  10. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.17 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.37 a gallon, up 3.9 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.05 a gallon, up 5.4 cents. This is Amerine Woodyard

  11. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.20 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.41 a gallon, up 3 ½ cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.07 a gallon, up 2.8 cents. This is Amerine Woodyard

  12. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.27 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.64 a gallon, up 3.9 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2 dollars a gallon, up 8.2 cents. This is Amerine Woodyard

  13. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.85 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the Central Atlantic region at 3.13 a gallon, up 2.3 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Midwest states at 2.72 a gallon, up 2.4 cents.

  14. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.27 a gallon on Monday. That's up half a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.49 a gallon, up 1.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.13 a gallon, down 6-tenths of a penny. This is Amerine Woodyard

  15. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.88 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the Central Atlantic region at 3.15 a gallon, up 1.8 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Midwest states at 2.75 a gallon, up 3.3 cents

  16. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.30 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.53 a gallon, up 3.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.16 a gallon, up 2.6 cents. This is Amerine Woodyard

  17. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the Central Atlantic region and West Coast states at 3.16 a gallon. Prices were lowest in the Midwest and Gulf Coast states at 2.79 a gallon.

  18. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.36 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.60 a gallon, up 6.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.23 a gallon, up 7.6 cents. This is Amerine Woodyard

  19. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.91 a gallon on Memorial Day Monday. That's up a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.17 a gallon, up 1.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Midwest and Gulf Coast states at 2.80 a gallon

  20. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    diesel fuel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $2.38 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 2.65 a gallon, up 5.3 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 2.25 a gallon, up 2.1 cents. This is Amerine Woodyard