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Sample records for nauru nepal netherlands

  1. TWP Nauru Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nauru Site-Inactive TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists TWP Nauru Site-Inactive Location: 0° 31' 15.6" S, 166° 54' 57.60" E Altitude: 7.1 meters The Nauru facility was established in November 1998 as the second TWP climate research station. Situated in the Denigomodu district

  2. Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set

    DOE Data Explorer

    Long, Chuck

    2010-07-15

    During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with downwelling SW data from Licor radiometers located on the southern end of the island near the airport landing strip. A statistical analysis and comparison of data from the two locations is used to detect the likely occurrence of an island influence on the Nauru ACRF site data

  3. Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set

    DOE Data Explorer

    Long, Chuck

    During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with downwelling SW data from Licor radiometers located on the southern end of the island near the airport landing strip. A statistical analysis and comparison of data from the two locations is used to detect the likely occurrence of an island influence on the Nauru ACRF site data

  4. ARM - TWP Nauru Site-Inactive

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Site-Inactive TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical...

  5. Nauru

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

  6. Nauru: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    "","visitedicon":"" Country Profile Name Nauru Population 9,275 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 0.00 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code NR 3-letter ISO code NRU Numeric ISO...

  7. ARM - PI Product - Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ProductsNauru Island Effect Detection Data Set ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air

  8. Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with ... fraction; Cloud optical depth; Horizontal wind; Longwave broadband downwelling ...

  9. Using ARM TWP Nauru Observations to Evaluate a Simple Thermodynamic...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Using ARM TWP Nauru Observations to Evaluate a Simple Thermodynamic Model of the Subcloud Layer Under Fair-Weather Cumulus Conditions Albrecht, Bruce University of Miami Kollias, ...

  10. Nepal-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nepal-NREL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Nepal-NREL Cooperation Name Nepal-NREL Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory...

  11. The Impact of the Annual Cycle on Cloudiness at Manus and Nauru

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Impact of the Annual Cycle on Cloudiness at Manus and Nauru J. H. Mather Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Convection is ubiquitous throughout the maritime continent region. The frequency of convection is modulated by a variety of phenomena including the diurnal cycle, intra-seasonal waves, and El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). While much of this region does not experience seasons to the same degree as one finds in mid-latitudes, the annual solar cycle

  12. Remote Sensing Observations from MTI Satellites and GMS Over Tropical Island of Nauru

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Remote Sensing Observations from MTI Satellites and GMS Over Tropical Island of Nauru W. M. Porch, P. Chylek, and B. Henderson Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico Introduction The observations of island cloud trails have revealed a strong relationship between the character and frequency of occurrence of island cloud trails and the Tropical Ocean Southern Oscillation (MacFarlane et al. 2004 a, b). Island cloud trails from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Atmospheric and

  13. Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment (Redirected from Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal Sectoral Climate...

  14. Cloud Classes and Radiative Heating profiles at the Manus and Nauru Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Sites

    SciTech Connect

    Mather, James H.; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2009-10-07

    The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) is a convective regime; however, the frequency and depth of convection is dependant on dynamical forcing which exhibits variability on a range of temporal scales and also on location within the region. Manus Island, Papua New Guinea lies in the heart of the western Pacific warm pool region and exhibits frequent deep convection much of the time while Nauru, which lies approximately 20 degrees to the East of Manus, lies in a transition zone where the frequency of convection is dependent on the phase of the El Nino/Southern Oscillation. Because of this difference in dynamical regime, the distribution of clouds and the associated radiative heating is quite different at the two sites. Individual cloud types: boundary layer cumulus, thin cirrus, stratiform convective outflow, do occur at both sites – but with different frequencies. In this study we compare cloud profiles and heating profiles for specific cloud types at these two sites using data from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF). Results of this comparison indicate that, while the frequency of specific cloud types differ between the two sites as one would expect, the characteristics of individual cloud classes are remarkably similar. This information could prove to be very useful for applying tropical ARM data to the broader region.

  15. Nepal-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    investments to increase Nepal's use of hydropower, USAID secured funding to develop two micro-hydropower projects in the Dolpa and Taplejung districts of Nepal. The first power...

  16. Nepal-Climate Change Support Programme | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nepal-Climate Change Support Programme Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal Climate Change Support Programme AgencyCompany Organization United Kingdom Department for...

  17. Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment AgencyCompany Organization Climate and...

  18. Nepal: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Country Profile Name Nepal Population 26,494,504 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 0.08 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code NP 3-letter ISO code NPL Numeric ISO...

  19. Netherlands Antilles: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    country in North America. External Links Netherlands Antilles Renewable Energy Data from IEA Netherlands Antilles Contacts from Climate-Eval LowCarbonWorld Profile for Netherlands...

  20. Nauru Island Effect Study

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Although these shallow cumulus clouds have little impact on the total radiation budget of ... 1999 through June 2000 by Nordeen et al. (2001), cloud plumes were seen in 50% of the ...

  1. Nepal-GTZ Energy Efficiency Program | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    1 GTZ is working with Nepal on integration of EE as part of the national energy strategy, development of EE measures for households. References "GTZ projects" Retrieved...

  2. Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector...

  3. Netherlands Climate Assistance Program | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Netherlands Climate Assistance Program Address: ETC International P.O.Box 64, 3830 AB Place: Leusden, Netherlands Phone Number: 31 (0) 33 432 6000 Website:...

  4. Annual Energy Outlook 2015 - Appendix A

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Myanmar (Burma), Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Niue, North Korea, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, ...

  5. Netherlands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and Wind Energy Resource Atlas for Netherlands. 3 Programs IEA Renewable Energy Technology Deployment ECN-NREL Collaboration Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance...

  6. 8.5x11 ARM Brochure

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... University Japan * Nauru * Clouds and Radiation (CLARA) Study Netherlands * Papua New Guinea * Central Aerological Observatory Russia * Institute for Atmospheric Optics (IAO) ...

  7. Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies Leiden, The Netherlands...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies Leiden, The Netherlands) Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies Leiden, The Netherlands) Mon, Jun 13, 2016 11:30am 11:30 Fri, Jun 17, 2016 ...

  8. The Netherlands Climate Assistance Programme | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Netherlands Climate Assistance Programme Address: P.O.Box 64, 3830 AB Place: Leusden, The Netherlands Phone Number: +31 (0) 33 432 6000...

  9. Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies (Leiden, The Netherlands) - JCAP

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies (Leiden, The Netherlands) Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies (Leiden, The Netherlands) Mon, Jun 13, 2016 11:30am 11:30 Fri, Jun 17, 2016 12:30pm 12:30 Lorentz Center, Leiden, The Netherlands Frances Houle, "Materials Research toward Technology Development" May 29 229th Electrochemical Society (ECS) Meeting (San Diego, CA) June 14 20th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference (Portland, OR

  10. ARM - Field Campaign - Nauru99 Campaign

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    General guidelines: ARM-sponsored data will be shared in accordance with the basic tenets ... when and where feasible. 3). Timely release of data to the ARM Science Team and the ...

  11. Nauru'99: Scaling of Radiosondes by

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado D. Cimini University of L' Aquila L' Aquila, Italy B. M. Lesht Argonne National Laboratory Chicago, Illinois Introduction Previous ...

  12. Pesticide use knowledge and practices: A gender differences in Nepal

    SciTech Connect

    Atreya, Kishor . E-mail: k.atreya@gmail.com

    2007-06-15

    It is important to understand gender difference on pesticide use knowledge, attitude and practices for identifying pesticide risks by gender and to recommend more gender-sensitive programs. However, very few studies have been conducted so far in Nepal. This study, thus, interviewed a total of 325 males and 109 females during 2005 to assess gender differences on pesticide use knowledge, attitude and practices. More than 50% females had never been to school and only <8% individuals were found trained in Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Almost all males and females did not smoke, drink and eat during pesticides application and also believed that pesticides are harmful to human health, livestock, plant diversity and their environment. However, there were gender differences on household decision on pesticides to be used (p<0.001), care of wind direction during spraying (p=0.032), prior knowledge on safety measures (p=0.016), reading and understanding of pesticides labels (p<0.001), awareness of the labels (p<0.001) and protective covers. Almost all respondents were aware of negative impacts of pesticide use on human health and environment irrespective of gender; however, females were at higher risk due to lower level of pesticide use safety and awareness. It is strongly recommended to initiate gender-sensitive educational and awareness activities, especially on pesticide use practices and safety precautions.

  13. Energy R and D in the Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    EEM Luiten; JJ Dooley; K Blok

    1999-09-07

    This report documents trends in R and D and in particular (public) energy R and D in the Netherlands. Besides quantitative information on R and D and energy R and D, the report gives an impression of changes in science and technology policy, energy policy and changes in energy research priorities (both organizational and financial). In the Netherlands, 2.09% of GDP (or $6.7 billion) was invested in R and D activities in 1995. The private sector financed 46% of all R and D in that year. A small but significant fraction (9.3%) of the research performed in the Netherlands is financed by foreign public and private sector entities. Energy R and D has been identified by the national Strategic Foresight Activity as an important area of R and D for government support in the future. This is due in part to the overall decline in public support for energy R and D that occurred from 1985 to 1995. However, recent concern over climate change and energy policy has resulted in increased budgets for energy R and D. Recent policy documents (e.g., the Memorandum on Energy R and D in April 1998) and initiatives (e.g., a recent university energy R and D program; intensification of climate policy, partly in R and D) indicate the growing interest in addressing the issue of climate change partly through energy R and D. The Dutch government believes that the liberalization of the energy market in the Netherlands justifies an active role for the government to guarantee the longer-term transformation to a sustainable energy system. In terms of climate policy, the expanded and more efficient use of natural gas is seen as a suitable transition option towards a sustainable energy system. However, energy efficiency (and in particular energy efficiency in the industrial sector) and the introduction of renewable technologies (solar energy, wind energy and biomass) are generally favored for the long term. Recently, additional funding was allocated for research on industrial ''breakthrough

  14. Landfill reduction experience in The Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Scharff, Heijo

    2014-11-15

    Highlights: • ‘Zero waste’ initiatives never consider risks, side effects or experience of achieved low levels of landfill. • This paper provides insight into what works and what not. • Where strong gradients in regulations and tax occur between countries, waste will find its way to landfills across borders. • Strong landfill reduction can create a fierce competition over the remaining waste to be landfilled resulting in losses. • At some point a public organisation should take responsibility for the operation of a ‘safety net’ in waste management. - Abstract: Modern waste legislation aims at resource efficiency and landfill reduction. This paper analyses more than 20 years of landfill reduction in the Netherlands. The combination of landfill regulations, landfill tax and landfill bans resulted in the desired landfill reduction, but also had negative effects. A fierce competition developed over the remaining waste to be landfilled. In 2013 the Dutch landfill industry generated €40 million of annual revenue, had €58 million annual costs and therefore incurred an annual loss of €18 million. It is not an attractive option to prematurely end business. There is a risk that Dutch landfill operators will not be able to fulfil the financial obligations for closure and aftercare. Contrary to the polluter pays principle the burden may end up with society. EU regulations prohibiting export of waste for disposal are in place. Strong differentials in landfill tax rate between nations have nevertheless resulted in transboundary shipment of waste and in non-compliance with the self-sufficiency and proximity principles. During the transformation from a disposal society to a recycling society, it is important to carefully plan required capacity and to guide the reorganisation of the landfill sector. At some point, it is no longer profitable to provide landfill services. It may be necessary for public organisations or the state to take responsibility for the

  15. Preliminary Analysis of the Nauru Island Effect Study Data

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    to the surrounding ocean) induces convection and cloud formation (Nordeen et al. 2001). ... relatively small effect on the radiation budget in the region, it may cause the radiation ...

  16. Radon emanation from giant landslides of Koefels (Tyrol, Austria) and Langtang Himal (Nepal)

    SciTech Connect

    Purtscheller, F.; Pirchl, T.; Sieder, G.

    1995-07-01

    The identification of extremely high indoor radon concentrations in the village Umhausen (Tyrol, Austria) initiated a scientific program to get information about the source and distribution of this noble gas. The high concentrations can not be related to U anomalies or large-scale fault zones. The nearby giant landslide of Koefels, with its highly fractured and crushed orthogneisses, are the only possible source of radon, despite the fact that the U and Ra content of the rocks is by no means exceptional. The reasons for the high emanation rates from the landslide are discussed and compared to results gained from a similar examination of the giant landslide of Langtang Himal (Nepal). The exceptional geologic situation in both cases, as well as the spatial distribution of different concentration levels, indicate that both landslides must be considered as the production sites of radon. Independent of the U and Ra contents of the rocks, the most important factors producing high emanation rates are the production of a high active surface area in circulation pathways for Rn-enriched soil air by brittle deformation due to the impact of the landslidemass. 37 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  17. WWS_LorrieC157L_0915

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Latvia Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mozambique Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway ...

  18. WorldWide Science.org

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mozambique Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Philippines Poland Portugal Russia Rwanda Saudi ...

  19. Development of the Permian-Triassic sequence in the basin Fringe area, southern Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Geluk, M.; Van Doorn, D.; Plomp, A.; Duin, E. )

    1993-09-01

    Geological studies in the fringe area of the southern Permian basin led to new insights in the distribution and development of the Permian-Triassic sequence. During the Permian, the fringe area formed a platform, attached to the London-Brabant Massif, while during the Triassic it is characterized by strongly subsiding half grabens. In the southern Netherlands, Rotliegende sandstones and conglomerates have a much wider distribution than previously recognized. The Rotliegende deposits are capped by claystones and carbonates of the Upper Permian Zechstein. In the offshore, an important feeder system of clastics from the London-Brabant Massif was active during deposition of the Rotliegende and the Zechstein. In course of time, the location of major sandstone deposition shifted westward. Deposition of the Triassic Buntsandstein was controlled by the development of a large feeder system, which transported clastics from the Vosges northward, through the Roer Valley Graben and West netherlands Basin into the Off Holland Low. This system was responsible for the deposition of the economically important sheet sandstones of the Volpriehausen, Detfurth, Hardegsen, and Solling formations. A regional unconformity occurs below the Solling Formation. The sandstones are capped by claystones, evaporites, and sandstones of the Rot Formation. During deposition of the Muschelkalk, the differences in subsidence decreased and shallow marine sediments are interbedded with evaporites. Several unconformities occur within the Keuper. In the previous half grabens in the southern Netherlands, the Keuper is incomplete, which may be indicative for a possible reversal of the tectonic movements during this period.

  20. ARM - Education Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nauru Airport. The kiosk at Nauru. Two children at the TWP kiosk dedication at Nauru sport ARM Climate Research Facility headwear. Beginning in 2003, ARM Education and Outreach...

  1. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate From Nauru (ARMBE-ATM TWPC2)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  2. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC2)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2012-05-14

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  3. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC1)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2012-05-14

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  4. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC2 V2.1)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2010-08-11

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  5. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC3)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2012-05-14

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  6. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate From Nauru (ARMBE-ATM TWPC2)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2010-10-05

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  7. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC1)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  8. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC3)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  9. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC2)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  10. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC2 V2.1)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  11. The screening and scoping of Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment of Carbon Capture and Storage in the Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Koornneef, J.; Faaij, A.; Turkenburg, W.

    2008-08-15

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) are procedural tools which have as goal to assess and evaluate possible environmental effects of, respectively, a proposed project or policy plan. The goal of this article is to explore possible bottlenecks in applying both the EIA and SEA procedures on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) activities in the Netherlands, as experience is currently minimal or lacking. In this study we focus mainly on the institutional and procedural aspects of the screening and scoping phases of both procedures. This is achieved by reviewing EIA and SEA procedures for analogue projects for the three distinctive process steps of a CCS project, namely the power plant with capture, the transport and finally the underground storage of the CO{sub 2}. Additionally, EIA and SEA or similar procedures on CCS in other countries are reviewed and the legal framework for the Dutch EIA and SEA is studied. This article shows a concise overview of the EIA and SEA procedure in the Netherlands and the relation between both procedures. Based on our findings we have constructed a conceptual taxonomy for the scope of both procedures for CCS in the Netherlands. This taxonomy conceptualizes the possible integration of assessing the environmental impacts for tiered levels of decision making. This integration might be needed for first CCS projects as decisions on the strategic (spatial planning) level are currently absent for CCS in the Netherlands. Perpendicular to such integration is the integration of linked activities in the CCS chain and their alternatives, into one procedure. We argue that it would be beneficial to combine the separate EIA procedures for CCS activities into one procedure or at least provide close linkage between them.

  12. Comparison of concepts for thermal biomass utilization, with the example of the Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Spliethoff, H.

    2004-07-01

    Biomass and waste, which are the focus of the activities at the Thermal Power Engineering section of the TU Delft, are the most important renewable energies today. They will maintain their role in the future. There are different ways to convert biomass and waste to power and heat. The combustion of biomass can be considered state-of-the-art technology and plants ranging in capacity from a few kW up to several MW are available on the market. The selection of the combustion technology is dependent on the scale and the kind of biomass. Power can be produced by means of a steam turbine, which is attractive in units above 1 MW. Gasification, in contrast, is a technology that has yet to find a wide use. But, in combination with gas engines, gas turbines or fuel cells, gasification has the advantage of a high electrical efficiency. Direct co-combustion of biomass in coal-fired steam power plants is the most economic choice and it is widely applied in the Netherlands. By an additional pyrolysis or gasification step, it is possible to separately remove and utilize the ashes of coal and biomass, and expected operational problems, such as corrosion, can possibly be avoided. 3 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Social impacts of earthquakes caused by gas extraction in the Province of Groningen, The Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Voort, Nick van der Vanclay, Frank

    2015-01-15

    Gas extraction from the Groningen gasfield in the northern Netherlands has led to localised earthquakes which are projected to become more severe. The social impacts experienced by local residents include: damage to property; declining house prices; concerns about the chance of dykes breaking; feelings of anxiety and insecurity; health issues; and anger. These social and emotional impacts are exacerbated by the increasing distrust Groningen people have towards the national government and the gas company, NAM, a partnership between Shell and ExxonMobil. The earthquakes have reopened discussions about the distribution of benefits from gas production and the extent to which benefits are retained locally. Mitigation of the impacts is attempted, but the lack of trust decreases the effectiveness of the mitigation measures. The extent of this experience of previously-unforeseen, unanticipated impacts suggests that a new social and environmental impact assessment needs to be undertaken, and a new Social Impact Management Plan (SIMP) and Impacts and Benefits Agreement (IBA) developed, so that the project can regain its legitimacy and social licence to operate. In addition to conventional gas, this paper has wider relevance for unconventional gas developments, for example shale gas extraction by hydraulic fracturing methods (fracking). - Highlights: • Gas production in Groningen has caused over 1000 earthquakes. • The induced seismicity has caused many social impacts. • Impacts include building damage, reduced house prices, fear and health issues. • Mitigation measures attempted to date are inadequate. • Distrust towards the national government and operator hinders mitigation efforts. • Gas production in Groningen has lost its social licence to operate.

  14. Permian-triassic paleogeography and stratigraphy of the west Netherlands basin

    SciTech Connect

    Speksnijder, A. )

    1993-09-01

    During the Permian, the present West Netherlands basin (WNB) was situated at the southernmost margin of the southern Permian basin (SPB). The thickness of Rotilegende sandstones therefore is very much reduced in the WNB. The relatively thin deposits of the Fringe Zechstein in the WNB, however, also contrast strongly in sedimentary facies with thick evaporite/carbonate alternations in the main SPB to the north, although the classic cyclicity of Zechstein deposition still can be recognized. The Fringe Zechstein sediments are mainly siliciclastic and interfinger with both carbonates and anhydrites toward the evaporite basin. End members are thin clay layers that constitute potential seals to underlying Rotliegende reservoirs and relatively thick sandstones (over 100 m net sand) in the western part of the WNB. Nevertheless, favorable reservoir/seal configurations in the Fringe Zechstein seem to be sparse because only minor hydrocarbon occurrences have been proven in the area to date. The situation is dramatically different for the Triassic in the WNB. The [open quotes]Bunter[close quotes] gas play comprises thick Fringe Buntsandstein sandstones (up to 250 m), vertically sealed by carbonates and anhydritic clays of the Muschelkalk and Keuper formations. The Bunter sandstones are largely of the same age as the classic Volpriehausen, Detfurth, and Hardegsen alluvial sand/shale alternations recognized elsewhere, but the upper onlapping transgressive sands and silts correlate with evaporitic clays of the Roet basin to the north. A total volume of 65 x 10[sup 9]m[sup 3] of gas has so far been found in the Triassic Bunter sandstones of the WNB.

  15. Periprocedural Prophylactic Antithrombotic Strategies in Interventional Radiology: Current Practice in the Netherlands and Comparison with the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect

    Wiersema, Arno M.; Vos, Jan-Albert; Bruijninckx, Cornelis M. A.; Delden, Otto M. van; Reijnen, Michel M. P. J.; Vahl, Anco; Zeebregts, Clark J.; Moll, Frans L.

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: The use of prophylactic antithrombotic drugs to prevent arterial thrombosis during the periprocedural period during (percutaneous) peripheral arterial interventions (PAIs) is still a matter of dispute, and clear evidence-based guidelines are lacking. To create those guidelines, a study group was formed in the Netherlands in cooperation with the Dutch Society of Vascular Surgery and the Society of Interventional Radiology. The study group is called 'Consensus on Arterial PeriProcedural Anticoagulation (CAPPA).' Materials and Methods: The CAPPA study group devised and distributed a comprehensive questionnaire amongst Dutch interventional radiologists (IRs). Results: One hundred forty-two IRs responded (68 %) to the questionnaire. Almost no IR stopped acetyl salicylic acid before interventions, and 40 % stopped clopidogrel before PAI but not before carotid artery stenting (CAS). A flushing solution on the sideport of the sheath was used routinely by 30 % of IRs in PAI and by 50 % of IRs during CAS. A minority of IRs used a heparinised flushing solution (28 %). Unfractionated heparin was used by 95 % of IRs as bolus; 5000 IU was the most used dosage. Timing of administration varied widely. A majority of IRs (75 %) repeated heparin administration after 1 h. Conclusion: A substantial variety exists amongst IRs in the Netherlands regarding the use of prophylactic periprocedural antithrombotic drugs to prevent arterial thrombosis during PAI. When compared with varying results regarding the use of heparin in the United Kingdom, the variety in the Netherlands showed a different pattern. The proven variety in these countries, and also between these countries, emphasises the need for authoritative studies to develop evidence-based practical guidelines.

  16. Successful integration of 3-D seismic and multidisciplinary approaches in exploring the Zechstein 2 carbonates in northeast Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Casson, N. ); Van Wees, B.; Reijers, T. ); Henk Rebel )

    1993-09-01

    Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij has been actively involved in the exploration of the Zechstein 2 carbonate play for over 40 yr. This exploration effort, concentrated mainly in the Drenthe and Schoonebeek area of northeast Netherlands, has resulted in the discovery of 20 gas fields with cumulative reserves of more than 40 x 10[sup 9] m[sup 3] of gas. The wealth of subsurface data collected in the exploration and development of these fields has lead to the establishment of detailed depositional and diagenetic models of the Zechstein 2 carbonates. More recently, extensive three-dimensional seismic coverage, the integration of lateral prediction techniques, and detailed fracture studies in cores have provided powerful predicting tools in the comprehension and exploitation of the play. Successful integration of the various disciplines now allows exploration of subtle low-relief structures in the mature Zechstein hydrocarbon province and helps target directional exploration and development wells.

  17. ARM XDC Datastreams

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... DAR Darwin, Australia ECMWF European Centre for Medium Range Forecasting FKB Black Forest, Germany GRIB GRIdded Binary MAN Manus, Papua New Guinea NAU Nauru, Republic of Nauru NIM ...

  18. ARM - 2000 ARM Science Team Meeting

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Judy Curry - TBD MJ Post - Nauru99: Overview of Ship OperationsResults Stuart Mathews - Aircraft Radiation and Flux Measurements from the Nauru99 Field Program Chuck Long...

  19. ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    30, 2013 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases] Small Footprint, Big Shoes: Stepping Out at Nauru Bookmark and Share Kim Nitschke (white shirt) joined members of the Nauru Government for a walk down memory lane at the ARM Nauru site to help commemorate the site decommissioning, recognized at a closing reception on September 23, 2013. Kim Nitschke (white shirt) joined members of the Nauru Government for a walk down memory lane at the ARM Nauru site to help commemorate the site

  20. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru with additional satellite product (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC2 V2.1a)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2011-02-07

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  1. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate from Nauru with additional satellite product (ARMBE-CLDRAD TWPC2 V2.1a)

    DOE Data Explorer

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  2. Energy conservation and electricity sector liberalization: Case-studies on the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect

    Slingerland, S.

    1998-07-01

    In this paper, the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom are compared. It is discussed to what extent these developments are determined by the liberalization process. Three key liberalization variables are identified: unbundling, privatization and introduction of competition. The analysis suggests that unbundling prior to introduction of full competition in generation is particularly successful in stimulating industrial cogeneration; simultaneous introduction of competition and unbundling mainly stimulates non-cogeneration gas-based capacity; and introduction of competition in itself is likely to impede the development of district-heating cogeneration. Furthermore, it is argued that development of wind energy and demand-side management are primarily dependent on the kind of support system set up by policy makers rather than on the liberalization process. Negative impacts of introduction of competition on integrated resource planning and commercial energy services could nevertheless be expected.

  3. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    by Clouds Bookmark and Share A new data set that identifies periods when Nauru data ... The Nauru island effect (NIE) data set currently covers the period from September 2005 to ...

  4. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The SMET systems are located at each of the TWP sites of Darwin, Australia, Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea and Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru. The SMET is used to ...

  5. ARM - Visiting the TWP

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    InactiveVisiting the TWP TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Visiting the TWP Nauru Island from the air. Nauru Island from the air. The Tropical Western Pacific site consists of three diverse climate research facilities in Papua New Guinea, the Republic of Nauru, and Australia. Each

  6. Nepal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  7. Nepal-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

  8. Nepal-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the growth of greenhouse gas emissions. The LEAD program supports and enhances country-led development programs, plans, and policies, and complements efforts of other...

  9. Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of 5x5 km. Figure 1: The solar irradiance data is derived from Meteosat a 0 (red circle) and at 63 East (orange circle). The brightened area marks the quantitatively...

  10. Alternate Energy Promotion Centre, Nepal Alternate Energy Promotion...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    rate of SHS dissemination is around 16,000 per annum. A typical SHS system has 40 Wp of solar panel with BOS (balance of system) sized adequately for 3 autonomy days. Important...

  11. Nepal-Climate and Carbon Unit | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and capacity in renewable energy dissemination and create linkages with climate resilience and low-carbon growth that builds on SNV's core strengths of developing localised RE...

  12. Nepal-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type Softwaremodeling tools, Dataset, Maps Website http:www.dlr.dettdesktopde Program Start...

  13. Netherlands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    MWhyear 151 2008 NREL Coal Reserves Unavailable Million Short Tons NA 2008 EIA Natural Gas Reserves 1,416,000,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 24 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves...

  14. Netherlands Development Organisation Feed | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    US Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) UNEP-Risoe Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) United Nations...

  15. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nauru Site-InactiveInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Instruments : Central Facility, Nauru Island Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. MFRSR Multifilter Rotating Shadowband

  16. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Air-Sea Temperatures Measured With Scanning Microwave and Infrared Radiometers in Nauru99 ... This paper presents further analysis and results from air-sea temperature difference ...

  17. ARM - Blog Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    October 1, 2013 [Blog, Field Notes] A Personal Note to Nauru Bookmark and Share Message from the ARM Tropical Western Pacific Site Scientist, Chuck Long: Circa 1998, Chuck Long shares his mood after helping ARM colleagues install the observation site on Nauru Island. Circa 1998, Chuck Long shares his mood after helping ARM colleagues install the observation site on Nauru Island. I first arrived on Nauru in late 1998 to help install the ARM site. Yes, I had a shovel in hand, digging the trenches

  18. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The tropical sites of Manus Island, Papua New Guinea, and the Island of Nauru are ideally located to study the tropical ocean warm pool. ...

  19. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    In a concerted effort to upgrade the TWP sites on Darwin, Australia; Nauru Island; and Manus Island, Papua New Guinea; infrastructure staff recently completed a number of notable ...

  20. clements-99.PDF

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    New Caledonia Port Moresby Manus Nauru Midway Johnston Atoll Kwajalein Pohnpei Tarawa Truk Papua New Guinea Guam Hawaii Western Samoa American Samoa Cook Islands Tahiti Fiji Palau ...

  1. Newsletter Southern Great Plains

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... He worked closely with teams from several laboratories to develop the measurement facilities that were ultimately deployed at Manus, Papua New Guinea; Nauru Island, Republic of ...

  2. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    data from ARM sites in Barrow, Alaska; Nauru Island; Manus Island, Papua New Guinea; and Darwin, Australia; and the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site in Lamont, Oklahoma. ...

  3. DISCLAIMER

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... currently operates a total of seven laser ceilometers at its fixed sites (in Oklahoma, Alaska, Australia, Papua New Guinea, and the Republic of Nauru) and its mobile facilities. ...

  4. Executive Summary

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    SW irradiance at the Nauru ARCS (blue), and the two top side met packages (black and red) shown in Figure 1. (J. Cole, PSU)... 2 3 Comparison of...

  5. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    data at five ARM sites: Barrow, Alaska; Lamont, Oklahoma; Darwin, Australia; Manus, Papa New Guinea; and Nauru Island. In addition to bringing ARM the MMCR, Ken is also...

  6. ARM - TWP Contacts

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Contacts TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection...

  7. ARM - TWP Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical...

  8. ARM - Information for Guest Scientists

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientists TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical...

  9. Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Cost curves (NAMAC) Information Toolkit for post-2012 climate policies Low-Carbon Technology Cooperation in the Climate Regime Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the...

  10. Evaluation of the Netherlands International Test Facility for...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... smart grid systems, and (3) scalabilityperformance testing using software simulations of a single medium-voltage distribution grid with a focus on demand-response approaches. ...

  11. Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Feed | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Commission, the UK's Department for international Development, the UNDP and the climate panel IPCC. Read more about what ECN did for the Kenyan government. Tue, 02 Jun 2015...

  12. Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of the European Member States Add Tool Programs Africa - CCS capacity building Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development...

  13. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Netherlands...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  14. Salt tectonics in the southern North Sea, Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Remmelts, G. )

    1993-09-01

    Large parts of the southern North Sea are underlain by Upper Permian Zechstein salt. A vast amount of this sequence, originally more than 1000 m thick, has migrated into salt structures. Many hydrocarbon accumulations are related to these structures. The formation of the salt structures may have created structural traps or (by influencing the sedimentation pattern) stratigraphic traps. Salt generally acts as a seal, but depletion of salt can create migration routes into higher strata for hydrocarbons originating from underlying source rocks. The thermal conductivity of the salt can influence the maturity of source rocks in its direct vicinity. Salt structures are formed almost exclusively by Zechstein salt. Minor movement occurred in Triassic evaporites. The development of salt structures is influenced strongly by regional tectonics. Basement faulting probably triggered the salt movement. The dominant structural grain is reflected in the orientation and location of the salt structures. Periods of increased growth rates coincide with tectonic phases. Long walls of salt formed in the northern area where the Triassic north-south orientated faults (which were rejuvenated in Late Jurassic) predominate. Toward the south, the northwest-southeast direction of the Late Jurassic interferes with the north-south trend and gradually becomes the dominant direction. This is reflected in the shortening of the north-south salt structures and eventually in the change in their orientation. Average vertical growth rates have been calculated to be around 0.005-0.035 mm/yr. When correction for suberosion and erosion processes could be quantified and applied to the growth rates, they were significantly higher.

  15. From Nepal to JLab â€" One Scientist's Journey (Daily Press) |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Work | Department of Energy From Mind to Marketplace: SunShot Incubator's Latest Protégés Get to Work From Mind to Marketplace: SunShot Incubator's Latest Protégés Get to Work October 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis Workers from Clean Power Research review a software platform that aims to lower the costs associated with connecting distributed solar electricity generation to the grid. The platform is one of several projects funded through the Energy Department’s SunShot Incubator Program,

  16. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    number of low income countries for energy efficiency, renewable energy and access to modern sustainable energy. The SREP stimulates economic growth through the scaled-up...

  17. SCM Forcing Data Derived from NWP Analyses

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jakob, Christian

    2008-01-15

    Forcing data, suitable for use with single column models (SCMs) and cloud resolving models (CRMs), have been derived from NWP analyses for the ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) sites of Manus Island and Nauru.

  18. cohn-99.PDF

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    from a 915-MHz radar wind profiler (RWP) with Radio Acoustic Sounding System (RASS). ... Measurements from the Nauru99 study conducted in the summer 1999 will provide more data ...

  19. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    students crowd around the new ARM educational kiosk to learn more about climate change. Surround by the Pacific Ocean, the Republic of Nauru is one of three sites that make...

  20. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Team Meeting Proceedings, San Antonio, Texas, March 13-17, 2000 2 Figure 1. Time series of a cloud plume near Nauru on October 27-28, 1999, Universal Time Coordinates (UTC). ...

  1. Through

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The first of these sites was established in 1996 on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea. The second TWP site was established on Nauru Island in 1998, and a third site began operating in ...

  2. DOE/SC-ARM-11-004 ARM Climate Research Facility The U.S. Department...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The TWP site is composed of facilities at Manus Island in Papua New Guinea; the island Republic of Nauru; and Darwin, Australia. Data are transmitted continuously from each site by ...

  3. ARM - Detailed Experiment Description

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    active research and is one of the main themes of research associated with the tropical western Pacific ARM sites located in Manus (Papua New Guinea), Nauru, and Darwin (Australia). ...

  4. DISCLAIMER

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... North Slope of Alaska, Barrow (NSA-C1) * Tropical Western Pacific, Manus Island, Papua New Guinea (TWP-C1) * Tropical Western Pacific, Nauru Island (TWP-C2) * Tropical Western ...

  5. Tropical Western Pacific CART Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Technical Contact: Douglas L. Sisterson Editor: Donna J. Holdridge CART sites in the TWP are in Manus Province in Papua New Guinea and on Nauru Island. The first site implemented ...

  6. Visiting Scientists and Researchers

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The TWP facility is composed of sites at Manus Island in Papua New Guinea, the island Republic of Nauru, and Darwin, Australia. Data are transmitted continuously from each site by ...

  7. ARM - Data Announcements Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plains site from 1996-2007. Similar CMBE data will be available from the other ARM sites (Barrow, Alaska; Nauru Island; Manus Island, Papua New Guinea; and Darwin, Australia) soon. ...

  8. ARM TR-008

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 3. Deployment Locations and History ARCS site C1 was installed on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea in October 1996. ARCS site C2 was installed on the island of Nauru (republic) in ...

  9. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-102 Sonde Adjust Value-Added Product Technical...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Slope of Alaska * twpsondeadjustC1.c1 - Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Manus, Papua New Guinea * twpsondeadjustC2.c1 - TWP Nauru D Troyan, December 2011, DOESC-ARM-TR-102 6 * ...

  10. Developing El Niño The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administratio...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The site at Manus Island (Figure 3), Papua New Guinea, is always in the "warm pool," whereas the site on the island of Nauru (Figure 4), approximately 1200 miles to the east, is in ...

  11. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... "Our greatest thanks is extended to the host countries and the people that we had the honor of working with in the Republic of Nauru, Papua New Guinea and Australia. I will truly ...

  12. clements-98.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Three sites (Figure 1) have been identified for imple- mentation in the TWP locale. The first site in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is operational, the second site on Nauru is scheduled ...

  13. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... the MMCRs at the TWP Manus and Nauru sites will occur after TWP-ICE, so the associated components can be made available during the experiment should the need arise for spare parts

  14. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2004). For Manus and Nauru, an 8-month running composite fit is used for the clear-sky total downwelling shortwave (SW), with fit coefficients for the clear-sky ratio of...

  15. PowerPoint Presentation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and (4) Coastal convection. ARM sites: D Darwin, M Manus, N Nauru). Plot color scheme: yellow is cold, blue is warm. 1 2 3 4 M M N N D D 6 December, 2005, 5:30 GMT 6...

  16. Assess institutional frameworks for LEDS for land-use sector...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment Nepal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Nicaragua-Joint Programme on Resource...

  17. ARM - Kiosks

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    HomeroomKiosks Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Kiosks A kiosk was installed at the Nauru airport in November 2006. A kiosk was installed at the Nauru airport in November 2006. The North Slope of Alaska kiosk was installed in October 2003. The North Slope of Alaska kiosk was

  18. ARM - Traditional Knowledge

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    HomeroomTraditional Knowledge Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Traditional Knowledge An elder from Nauru is interviewed for the TWP kiosks. An elder from Nauru is interviewed for the TWP kiosks. Traditional knowledge can be defined as a cumulative body of knowledge and

  19. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Tropical Radiosonde Comparisons May Improve Past and Present Humidity Data Submitter: Westwater, E. R., University of Colorado Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Westwater, E.R., B.B. Stankov, D.Cimini, Y. Han, J.A. Shaw, B.M. Lesht, C.N. Long, 2003, Radiosonde Humidity Soundings and Microwave Radiometers during Nauru99, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 21. ARM's Nauru99 campaign provided a

  20. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Modification of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer by a Small Island: Observations from Nauru Submitter: Long, C. N., NOAA Global Monitoring Division/CIRES Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Matthews, S., J. M. Hacker, J. Cole, J. Hare, C. N. Long, and R. M. Reynolds, (2007): Modification of the atmospheric boundary layer by a small island: observations from Nauru, MWR, Vol. 135, No. 3, pages 891-905. Figure 1.

  1. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Evidence of Island Effects on Nauru Cole, H., and Miller, E., National Center for Atmospheric Research Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Nauru Island has been selected as the second Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS) for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The utility of this site for characterizing conditions over the Tropical Western Pacific depends directly on understanding the differences between this island site and the open

  2. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: An Observational

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis of Cumulus Congestus at Nauru An Observational Analysis of Cumulus Congestus at Nauru Jensen, Michael Brookhaven National Laboratory Del Genio, Anthony NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies Cumulus congestus clouds, with moderate shortwave albedos and cloud-top temperatures near freezing, occur fairly often in the tropics. These clouds may play an important role in the evolution of the Madden-Julian oscillation and the regulation of relative humidity in the mid-troposphere.

  3. Seasonal Variability in Clouds and Radiation at the Manus ARM Site

    SciTech Connect

    Mather, Jim H.

    2005-07-01

    The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program operates three climate observation stations in the tropical western Pacific region. Two of these sites, located on Manus island in Papua New Guinea and on the island republic of Nauru, have been operating for over five years. This data set provides an opportunity to examine variability in tropical cloudiness on a wide range of time scales. The focus of this study is on the annual cycle. The most obvious manifestation of the annual cycle in this region is the oscillation of monsoon convection between Asia and Australia. The impact of the annual cycle on Manus and Nauru is more subtle; however, analysis of radiation and cloud observations from the Manus and Nauru ARM sites reveals links to the annual monsoon cycle. One such link relates to the proximity of Manus to the Maritime Continent, the collection of islands separating the Pacific and Indian oceans. Convection over the large islands in the maritime continent exhibits a distinct annual cycle. Outflow from large-island convection is shown to modulate the cirrus population over Manus. During neutral or cool ENSO periods, convection over Nauru is relatively suppressed. During such periods, Nauru is shown to exhibit an annual cycle in local convective activity. During the inactive season, cirrus are often found near the tropopause over Nauru. These clouds are not formed directly by the outflow from convection. The seasonality and source of these clouds is also examined. Identifying the source of cirrus observed at Manus and Nauru is important because of the potential dependence of cirrus properties on the source of convection.

  4. Darwin : The Third DOE ARM TWP ARCS Site /

    SciTech Connect

    Clements, William E.; Jones, L. A.; Baldwin, T.; Nitschke, K.

    2002-01-01

    The United States Department of Energy's (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program began operations in its Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) locale in October 1996 when the first Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS) began collecting data on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Two years later, in November 1998, a second ARCS began operations on the island of Nauru in the Central Pacific. Now a third ARCS has begun collecting data in Darwin, Australia. The Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites are operated through collaborative agreements with the PNG National Weather Service, The Nauru Department of Industry and Economic Development (IED), and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's (BOM) Special Services Unit (SSU) respectively. All ARM TWP activities in the region are coordinated with the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) based in Apia, Samoa. The Darwin ARM site and its role in the ARM TWP Program are discussed.

  5. From the Netherlands to PPPL: Student reflects on his study of...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Next year I will start research about cold electron beams or cold ion beams, I'm not very ... Select and View High Resolution Images to Download Learn More Education Fusion energy ITER ...

  6. Fuel price changes and the adoption of cogeneration in the U.K. and Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Bonilla, David

    2007-08-15

    Whenever industrial plants consume power and heat, there is a need to consider energy efficiency investment in a cogeneration plant. The author tests an empirical model employing application of cross-sectional time series to analyze the economic incentives influencing the adoption of energy-saving technology in the U.K. and Dutch manufacturing sectors. (author)

  7. Derk Bol, Materials Innovation Institute M2i (Netherlands) M2i...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    icon SessionA4Bol.ppt More Documents & Publications Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future Vehicle Technologies...

  8. Laboratory modeling of graben inversion with application to broad fourteens basin, Netherlands offshore

    SciTech Connect

    Nalpas, T.; Brun, J.P. ); Le Douaran, S. ); Richert, J.P. )

    1993-09-01

    The southern North Sea presents spectacular examples of basin inversion, which have been documented by numerous projects of the oil industry. Some basic inversion patterns identified through wells and seismic data were used to prepare a laboratory modeling investigation. Models are built with sand and silicone putty, respectively, which represent the frictional behavior of Mesozoic cover and Paleozoic basement and the viscous behavior of the decollement layer, mainly Permian salt, between them. They are scaled to fit natural configurations observed in the Broad Fourteens basin. All experiments are done in two steps: (1) graben formation with synkinematic sedimentation and (2) compression oblique to the graben. The experiments show that structures generated by or reactivated during inversion are strongly dependent on the strength of the decollement layer at the base of the sedimentary cover, which is itself dependent on the silicone viscosity, the layer thickness, and the displacement velocity applied at model boundaries; and the strength of the sedimentary cover, which is solely dependent on its thickness. This work is in progress. Preliminary results will be compared with examples from the Broad Fourteens basin on the basis of both seismic data and structural maps.

  9. The reservoir potential of the Zechstein-3 carbonate member (Platten), offshore Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Baird, A.; Kelly, J.; Symonds, R. )

    1993-09-01

    The Platten has been examined from 31 released and nonreleased wells, dominantly from northern P and Q quadrants, Dutch North Sea, and including a limited number of adjacent onshore wells. Wireline log interpretations have been allied with available core log, sidewall core, and ditch sample data. This has allowed a division into four broad facies associations: lower ramp, shoal shoreface, lagoonal, and the dominantly siliciclastic peritidal. Primary porosity is concentrated in ooid grainstones of the shoal/shoreface facies association. Diagenesis has also been examined. While the Platten has been broadly affected by early dolomitization, which generally occluded porosity, later diagenesis was more selective and had a significant control on porosity creation more selective and has a significant control on porosity creation as well as occlusion. Location of Platten reservoir potential is shown by facies association, diagenetic texture, and percentage porosity maps. The best reservoir conditions in the Platten exist where the shoal/shoreface facies association coincides with faults and with diagenesis associated with fluid movements through fractures. Low-temperature hydrothermal fluids are shown in this study to be the most important control on the hydrocarbon potential of the Platten in much of the P and Q quadrants.

  10. Use of prediction techniques in an integrated study of the L5 field, offshore Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Houlleberghs, E.; Sande, J. van de ); Haltmeier, P. )

    1993-09-01

    Seismic imaging provides a powerful tool for a variety of development applications. While defining development locations in the L5-FA gas field, the project team was confronted with the question: do seismic images accurately reflect the quality of the reservoir Careful integration of the seismic data with the geological information supplied the answer to this problem. The L5-FA field is situated in the southwestern part of the Central Graben in the Dutch sector of the North Sea. The Volpriehausen reservoir consists of thin but widespread alluvial/aeolian sandsheets alternating with silty claystones. A geophysical modeling exercise, characterized by an iterative process of merging the geological data, reservoir geological models, and the three-dimensional seismic data set into one coherent picture was initiated. Synthetic reflectivity data were generated for gas-filled reservoirs with a varying average porosity, with different porosity profiles and thickness variations as well as varying overburden parameters. Correlations between different reservoir parameters and a variety of amplitude measurements were investigated. A strong linear relation between porosity and amplitude extremum for the porosity range 5-18% was one of the outcomes of the study. Amplitudes were measured on the top and base Volpriehausen reflections. After well calibration, an average porosity map was compiled. Based on this map, two development well locations were picked in the more prolific part of the reservoir. Although subsequent drilling proved the mapped porosities to be correct, there is still a major challenge to be met-a further integration of all available information, including, for instance, production data. Only then we will fully understand the reservoir architecture.

  11. DLC+VIT4IP (Smart Grid Project) (Netherlands) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    applications. These shall include the existing power distribution network for novel services in smart electricity distribution networks such as demand side management,...

  12. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Case Closed on Nauru Island Effect Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., NOAA Global Monitoring Division/CIRES Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Long CN and SA McFarlane. 2012. "Quantification of the impact of Nauru Island on ARM measurements." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51(3), 628-636. McFarlane SA, CN Long, and DM Flynn. 2005. "Impact of island-induced clouds on surface

  13. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Island-Induced Cloud Plumes Influence Tropical Atmospheric Measurements, Surface Radiation Submitter: McFarlane, S. A., U.S. Department of Energy Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: McFarlane, S.A., Long, C.N., and Flynn, D., Nauru Island Effect Study, Fourteenth ARM Science Team Meeting, March 22 to 26, 2004, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Nauru Island, about 1,200 miles northeast of Papua New Guinea in the western South Pacific, is one of

  14. Tropical Western Pacific

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    govSitesTropical Western Pacific TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Tropical Western Pacific-Inactive Manus, Papua New Guinea: 2° 3' 39.64" S, 147° 25' 31.43" E Nauru Island: 0° 31' 15.6" S, 166° 54' 57.60" E Darwin, Australia: 12° 25' 28.56" S, 130° 53'

  15. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Comparison of the Daily Cycle of Lower-Tropospheric Winds Over the Open Ocean and Those Above a Small Island L. M. Hartten and W. M. Angevine Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Aeronomy Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction The Nauru99 Intensive Operational Period (IOP) took place from June 16, 1999, (Day 167) to July 15, 1999, (Day 196) on and near the Republic of Nauru (0.5° S, 166.9° E).

  16. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nauru99: Mirai Profiler Island Heating and other Observations Brown, W.O.J. (a), Parsons, D.B. (a), Cohn, S.A. (a), and Yoneyama, K. (b), National Center for Atmospheric Research (a), Japan Marine Science and Technology Center (b) Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Two boundary layer wind profilers on the JAMSTEC R/V Mirai made intensive observations of the boundary layer during the Nauru99 campaign. A DBS profiler was used to make standard wind profiler and

  17. Asian Development Outlook 2010 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, South Korea, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam,...

  18. ARM - Datastreams - avhrrhovmuller

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Datastreamsavhrrhovmuller Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRRHOVMULLER AVHRR: Hovmuller diagrams for Manus and Nauru Active Dates 1996.11.01 - 2002.07.01

  19. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr14gacnau

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    gacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR14GACNAU Global Area Coverage 4-km resolution files for Nauru

  20. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr14lacnau

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    lacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR14LACNAU AVHRR (NOAA 14), 1-km res., local area coverage of Nauru

  1. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr15gacnau

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    gacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR15GACNAU Global Area Coverage 4-km resolution files for Nauru

  2. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr16gacnau

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    gacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR16GACNAU Global Area Coverage 4-km resolution files for Nauru

  3. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr16lacnau

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    lacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR16LACNAU AVHRR (NOAA 16), 1-km res., local area coverage of Nauru

  4. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr17lacnau

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    lacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR17LACNAU AVHRR (NOAA 17), 1-km res., local area coverage of Nauru from Kwajalein, provided by Aeromet Active Dates 2002.09.15

  5. ARM - VAP Product - lbtm3minnisnau

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    minnisnau Documentation lbtm-minnis : XDC documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : LBTM3MINNISNAU Layered Bispectral Threshold Method (LBTM) cloud products derived from GMS-5,Nauru

  6. Djurcic_NIKHEF_September2010.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    for Subatomic Physics (NIKHEF), Amsterdam, Netherlands National Institute for Subatomic Physics (NIKHEF), Amsterdam, Netherlands Colloquium, September 17, 2010 Colloquium, ...

  7. A J

    Energy Saver

    ... Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, ... Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, ...

  8. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam...

  9. Lotus Energy Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Lotus Energy Pvt. Ltd. Place: Kathmandu, Nepal Sector: Solar Product: Complete turnkey projects from assessment and design to manufacture, installation...

  10. File:SWERA-252.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    1,275 pixels, file size: 243 KB, MIME type: applicationpdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Nepal. Description Solar:...

  11. WHITE HOUSE COUNCIL ON WOMEN AND GIRLS RECENT AGENCY ACCOMPLISHMENTS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... and families in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, particularly 12- to 17-year- olds. ... and Sierra Leone and in the Threshold Program development process for Guatemala and Nepal. ...

  12. File:Nepalmetst 223.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    usage Meteorology: map of Nepal selected meteorological stations and elevation from NREL Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution (1,650 1,275 pixels,...

  13. File:NREL-asia-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Countries Bhutan, China, Nepal, Mongolia, India, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia, Eastern Asia,...

  14. File:NREL-asia-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Countries Bhutan, China, Nepal, Mongolia, India, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia, Eastern Asia,...

  15. File:NREL-asia-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Countries Bhutan, China, Nepal, Mongolia, India, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia, Eastern Asia,...

  16. Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Mozambique-Accrediation of NIE Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility...

  17. 2011 - 12 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    - 12 Dec 2011 Sun, 2011-12-04 00:00 From Nepal to JLab â€" One Scientist's Journey

  18. LEDSGP/events/2013workshop/participants | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and Planning ) Awafo, Edward (Ghana Energy Center of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology) Bahadur KC, Lava (Nepal Ministry of Science, Technology and...

  19. Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia,...

  20. ARM - TWP Darwin Site - Aussie Trivia

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    InactiveTWP Darwin Site-InactiveTWP Darwin Site - Aussie Trivia TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists TWP Darwin Site - Aussie Trivia Did you know... The first beer brewed in Australia was in 1796 by John Boston, thus starting Australia's lifelong love for the amber nectar! Christmas is

  1. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr12lacnau

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    lacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR12LACNAU AVHRR (NOAA 12),1-km res., local area coverage of Nauru from Kwajalein, provided by Aeromet Active Dates 2002.04.16 - 2002.09.10

  2. ARM - Datastreams - ncepgfsnausprof

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Datastreamsncepgfsnausprof Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : NCEPGFSNAUSPROF NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Nauru Active Dates 2001.01.01 - 2010.07.26 Measurement Categories Atmospheric State, Cloud Properties Originating Instrument National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System

  3. ARM - Datastreams - ncepgfsnauzprof

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Datastreamsncepgfsnauzprof Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : NCEPGFSNAUZPROF NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Nauru Active Dates 2001.01.01 - 2010.07.26 Measurement Categories Atmospheric State, Cloud Properties Originating Instrument National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System

  4. MS_08_15.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and Changes to the Merged Sounding VAP David Troyan and Mike Jensen, BNL Jim Mather and Sally McFarlane, PNNL Eli Mlawer and Jennifer Delamere, AER, Inc. Mark Miller, Rutger University Dave Turner, University of Wisconsin Jay Mace, University of Utah Merged Sounding Data Availability SGP: NSA: TWP Manus: TWP Nauru: TWP Darwin: 2000 - 2005 2004 - 2007 2006 2004 - 2006 2002 - 2006 Two versions of Merged Sounding exist. The original version is continuing to be run for all permanent sites; the

  5. campbell-99.PDF

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Micropulse Lidar Data Sets and Initial Observations at Nauru Island J. R. Campbell and D. L. Hlavka Science Systems and Applications Inc. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland J. D. Spinhirne Mesoscale and Atmospheric Processes Branch National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland C. J. Flynn Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Full-time atmospheric profiling

  6. Evaluation of Tropical Cirrus Cloud Properties and Dynamical Processes Derived from ECMWF Model Output and Ground Based Mea...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Tropical Cirrus Cloud Properties and Dynamical Processes Derived from ECMWF Model Output and Ground-Based Measurements Over Nauru Island J. M. Comstock and J. H. Mather Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington C. Jakob Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre Melbourne, Australia Introduction Identifying the mechanisms responsible for the formation of cirrus clouds is important in understanding the role of cirrus in the tropical atmosphere. Thin cirrus clouds near the tropical

  7. Microsoft Word - Gage-KS.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Intercomparisons of Cloud Observations from the AL S-band Profiler and the ETL K-band Millimeter-Wave Cloud Radar on the R/V Ronald H. Brown during Nauru99 K. S. Gage and D. A. Carter National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Aeronomy Laboratory Boulder, Colorado P. E. Johnston and C. R. Williams Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado M. Ryan Science Technology Corporation Boulder, Colorado D. Hazen and B. W. Orr National

  8. Research and development on ocean thermal energy conversion in Japan

    SciTech Connect

    Uehara, H.

    1982-08-01

    The study of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) in Japan has been conducted under the leadership of a team of the ''Sunshine Project'', a national new energy development project promoted by the Ministry of International Trade and Industries (MITI) since 1974. At present, two experimental OTEC power plants -Nauru's OTEC plant and Imari's OTEC plant are operating. In this paper, the review of research and development activity of these two OTEC plants in Japan is made.

  9. Impact of cloud microphysics on squall line organization

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM Observations to Validate and Improve Cloud Micrfophysical Schemes Wojciech Grabowski (PI) Hugh Morrison, Sally McFarlane (Co-PIs) Hanna Pawlowska (Co-I) CMWG Breakout, ARM STM 2008 Two major efforts of project * Warm clouds. We will use microphysical retrievals from Nauru and SGP (including CLASIC), together with aircraft observations (RICO) to assess model simulations of shallow cumulus. * Focus is on treatment of turbulent- microphysical interactions and impact on optical properties. *

  10. In-service packet with pics.pmd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate Change Into The Classroom ARM Education Program North Slope of Alaska 2002 What is ARM? What is ARM Education? The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (here, "radiation" means sunlight and radiant heat) is the largest global climate change research program supported by the U.S. Department of Energy. The ARM Program has data collecting sites in three very different places in the world: the Tropical Western Pacific (Australia, Papua New Guinea, and Nauru), in the Southern

  11. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiative Effects of Cloud Inhomogeneity and Geometric Association over the Tropical Western Pacific Warm Pool Jensen, M.P.(a) and DelGenio, A.D.(b), Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, NASA GISS (a), NASA GISS (b) Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The radiative and microphysical characteristics for several precipitating anvil systems observed by the TRMM satellite over the Manus or Nauru Island ARM sites are modelled.

  12. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Observations of Mid-level Convective Clouds During Nauru99 Jensen, M.P.(a) and Del Genio, A.D.(b), Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University/ NASA GISS (a), NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting It has long been recognized that there is an abundance of different convective cloud types in the tropics. Tropical convective cloud populations have often been considered to be dominated by shallow

  13. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM Sites in the BSRN Database Hodges, G.B., University of Colorado, CIRES (a), NOAA (b) Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting A description of the four ARM sites (Billings/BRS, E13, Manus and Nauru) currently included in the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) database. Details of the specific parameters being submitted are presented, as well as the data status for each site. An overview of the formatting process is also described

  14. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM Sites in the BSRN Database - Year 2002 Update Hodges, G.B., University of Colorado at Boulder CIRES and NOAA Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The current status and availability of ARM data in the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) database is shown. The author is currently submitting data from BRS and E13 located in the Southern Great Plains Central Facility, and Manus and Nauru from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP). These four sites comprise

  15. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A Simulation Study of Shallow Moist Convection and Its Impact on the Atmospheric Boundary Layer Zhu, P. and Bretherton, C., University of Washington Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting By comparing the simulations of a regional model (MM5) with the observations collected at the southern Great Plains (SGP) site and the tropical western Pacific (TWP) Nauru site of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) project, this paper evaluates the overall performance

  16. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Manus Site-InactiveInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Instruments : Central Facility, Manus I., PNG Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. MPL Micropulse Lidar Cloud Properties

  17. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Darwin Site-InactiveInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Instruments : Central Facility, Darwin, Australia Active Retired Active instruments are currently deployed at fixed or mobile facilities or are available through the ARM Aerial Facility. MFRSR Multifilter Rotating

  18. C:\DOCUME~1\d3k776\LOCALS~1\TEM

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Talking About Climate at Schools in the Tropical Western Pacific (continued on page 3) Education Climate Update ARM News from the ARM Program for students and teachers about climate change studies IN THIS ISSUE TWP Classroom Visits Elder Knowledge Student Activity Critical Thinking ? WCS Conservation Teacher's Experience Dr. Bill Porch, ARM Science Programs Specialist W WINTER 2002 hen I visit the ARM sites at Manus Island, Papua New Guinea and the Island Nation of Nauru, I am often asked to

  19. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.

    DOE Data Explorer

    ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  20. RGS Development BV | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: RGS Development BV Place: Netherlands Sector: Solar Product: Joint venture between the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, Deutsche Solar and...

  1. BloomEnergy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: BloomEnergy Place: Amsterdam, Netherlands Zip: 1076 KK Product: Netherlands-based large scale PV project development firm. References:...

  2. Transmark Renewables | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Haag, Netherlands Zip: 2587AP Product: Netherlands based project developer, owned by family-controlled energy and industrial group Transmark Holdings. References: Transmark...

  3. CCT Solar | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    CCT Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: CCT Solar Place: Ede, Netherlands Zip: 6711 Product: Netherlands-based division of CCT Europe and PV panel and junction box...

  4. DE-NT0005666 | netl.doe.gov

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... (NETL), the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), and a team of 32 university and government scientists from the U.S., Netherlands, Belgium, and ...

  5. Spectroscopy of complex molecular systems: Physics on an exciton...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials, University of Groningen, Netherlands jknoester Abstract: The concept of ... Physics at the University of Utrecht, The Netherlands, in 1983 and 1987, respectively. ...

  6. 2012 Catalysis Lectures

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Weckhuysen is since 2000 full professor Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis at Utrecht University (The Netherlands). He is also scientific director of the Netherlands Institute of ...

  7. Illitization of diagenetic kaolinite-to-dickite conversion series: Late-stage diagenesis of the Lower Permian Rotliegene sandstone reservoir, offshore of the Netherlands

    SciTech Connect

    Lanson, B.; Beaufort, D.; Berger, G.; Baradat, J.; Lacharpagne, J.C.

    1996-05-01

    This paper describes the diagenetic evolution of clay minerals in the Rotliegend sandstone reservoir under contrasting burial histories in the Broad Fourteens basin (Dutch sector, Southern North Sea). The diagenetic modifications affecting the crystal structure of clay minerals (both kaolin-group and illitic minerals) were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The XRD study includes oriented and random mounts of various size fractions, numerical processing (decomposition) of XRD profiles, and simulation of one-dimensional and three-dimensional XRD patterns. Petrographic observations, differential thermal analysis, K/Ar geochronology, and geochemical considerations complement the XRD study and allow determination of the sequence of mineral crystallization and the morphological evolution of clay minerals and place further constraints on the absolute timing of diagenetic events and on the nature of the fluids responsible for clay-mineral crystallization.

  8. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.

    DOE Data Explorer

    The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is the largest global change research program supported by the U.S. Department of Energy. The primary goal of the ARM Program is to improve the treatment of cloud and radiation physics in global climate models in order to improve the climate simulation capabilities of these models. To achieve this goal, ARM scientists and researchers around the world use continuous data obtained through the ARM Climate Research Facility. ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  9. ARM - PI Product - SCM Forcing Data Derived from NWP Analyses

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ProductsSCM Forcing Data Derived from NWP Analyses ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : SCM Forcing Data Derived from NWP Analyses Forcing data, suitable for use with single column models (SCMs) and cloud resolving models (CRMs), have been derived from NWP analyses for the ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) sites of Manus Island and Nauru. Data Details

  10. ARM - VAP Product - armbeatm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Productsarmbearmbeatm Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095313 DOI: 10.5439/1039931 Central Facility, Lamont, OK (SGP C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039932 Central Facility, Barrow AK (NSA C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039933 Central Facility, Manus I., PNG (TWP C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039934 Central Facility, Nauru Island (TWP C2) DOI: 10.5439/1039935 Central Facility, Darwin, Australia (TWP C3) [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We

  11. ARM - VAP Product - armbecldrad

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Productsarmbearmbecldrad Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095314 DOI: 10.5439/1039926 Central Facility, Lamont, OK (SGP C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039927 Central Facility, Barrow AK (NSA C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039928 Central Facility, Manus I., PNG (TWP C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039929 Central Facility, Nauru Island (TWP C2) DOI: 10.5439/1039930 Central Facility, Darwin, Australia (TWP C3) [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We

  12. ARM - Campaign Instrument - lbtm-minnis

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentslbtm-minnis Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Minnis Cloud Products Using LBTM Algorithm (LBTM-MINNIS) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Satellite Observations Campaigns ARESE II IOP [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2000.02.01 - 2000.04.05 Nauru99 Campaign [ Download Data ] Tropical Western Pacific, 1999.06.16 - 1999.07.15 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - ARM_2008.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    MEASUREMENTS OF VERTICAL VELOCITY IN BOUNDARY LAYER CLOUDS P. Kollias 1 , B. A. Albrecht 2 and V. Ghate 2 1.McGill University, Montreal Canada 2.University of Miami, Miami Florida Fig. 1 Monthly-averaged hydrometeor (cloud+precipitation) fraction using MMCR-only observations at the Nauru (C2) ARM Tropical Western Pacific site Progress has been made in our ability to observe the vertical velocity in clouds using the ARM MMCR's (Kollias et al., 2007; Kollias and Albrecht, 2000; Kollias et al.,

  14. TWP Darwin Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Darwin Site-Inactive TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists TWP Darwin Site-Inactive Location: 12° 25' 28.56" S, 130° 53' 29.75" E Altitude: 29.9 meters The third TWP climate research facility was established in April 2002 in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. The facility is

  15. TWP Manus Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Manus Site-Inactive TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists TWP Manus Site-Inactive Location: 2° 3' 39.64" S, 147° 25' 31.43" E Altitude: 4 meters In August 1996, the first climate research facility in the Tropical Western Pacific locale was established. The Manus facility was

  16. A Model Evaluation Data Set for the Tropical ARM Sites

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jakob, Christian

    2008-01-15

    This data set has been derived from various ARM and external data sources with the main aim of providing modelers easy access to quality controlled data for model evaluation. The data set contains highly aggregated (in time) data from a number of sources at the tropical ARM sites at Manus and Nauru. It spans the years of 1999 and 2000. The data set contains information on downward surface radiation; surface meteorology, including precipitation; atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid water content; hydrometeor cover as a function of height; and cloud cover, cloud optical thickness and cloud top pressure information provided by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP).

  17. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Evaluation of Broadband Surface Flux Closure Under Cloudy Skies at Nauru McFarlane, S.A. and Evans, K.F., University of Colorado Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Time series of vertical profiles of cloud properties retrieved from cloud radar data at a single point are often used to characterize the statistics of clouds at a particular location. These datasets may then be used by cloud modelers to assess the ability of their model to predict cloud properties or

  18. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Fair - Weather Cumuli Climatology at the TWP ARM Site Kollias, P. and Albrecht B.A., University of Miami Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Fair-weather cumuli are fundamental in regulating the vertical structure of water vapor and entropy in the lowest 2 km of the Earths atmosphere over vast areas of the oceans. Over two years of data from the mm-wavelength cloud radar, at the Nauru (TWP-ARM) site, are analyzed and a statistical description of the field of fair

  19. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A Dataset of the Evaluation of Large-Scale Models Using ARM Data at Manus and Nauru Jakob, C. and May, P.T., BMRC Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The use of ARM data for model evaluation is a first necessary step in achieving one of the programs foremost goals, the improvement of parameterizations of clouds and radiation in GCMs. However, most of the data in the ARM archive is representative for time and space scales that are incompatible with the large

  20. A Model Evaluation Data Set for the Tropical ARM Sites

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jakob, Christian

    This data set has been derived from various ARM and external data sources with the main aim of providing modelers easy access to quality controlled data for model evaluation. The data set contains highly aggregated (in time) data from a number of sources at the tropical ARM sites at Manus and Nauru. It spans the years of 1999 and 2000. The data set contains information on downward surface radiation; surface meteorology, including precipitation; atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid water content; hydrometeor cover as a function of height; and cloud cover, cloud optical thickness and cloud top pressure information provided by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP).

  1. RusSUNHydro | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    JSC RusHydro (RTS: HYDR) and India's investment firm Sun Group have set up the joint venture RusSUNHydro to work on hydroelectric projects across India, Nepal and...

  2. File:SWERA-253.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    File File history File usage Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels....

  3. File:SWERA-254.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search File File history File usage Solar: monthly and annual latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Size of this preview: 776 ...

  4. Wood Energy Scenarios and Southern Markets | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wood Energy Scenarios and Southern Markets Wood Energy Scenarios and Southern Markets Breakout Session 1A: Assessing America's Biomass Potential (2016 Billion-Ton Report) Wood Energy Scenarios and Southern Markets Prakash Nepal, Research Assistant Professor, U.S. Department of Agriculture and North Carolina State University nepal_bioenergy_2016.pdf (1.96 MB) More Documents & Publications Bioenergy Demand in a Market Driven Forest Economy (U.S. South) U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply

  5. Collaborative Research: ARM observations for the development and evaluation of models and parameterizations of cloudy boundary layers

    SciTech Connect

    Albrecht, Bruce,

    2013-07-12

    This is a collaborative project with Dr. Ping Zhu at Florida International University. It was designed to address key issues regarding the treatment of boundary layer cloud processes in climate models with UM’s research focusing on the analyses of ARM cloud radar observations from MMCR and WACR and FIU’s research focusing on numerical simulations of boundary layer clouds. This project capitalized on recent advancements in the ARM Millimeter Cloud Radar (MMCR) processing and the development of the WACR (at the SGP) to provide high temporal and spatial resolution Doppler cloud radar measurements for characterizing in-cloud turbulence, large-eddy circulations, and high resolution cloud structures of direct relevance to high resolution numerical modeling studies. The principal focus of the observational component of this collaborative study during this funding period was on stratocumulus clouds over the SGP site and fair-weather cumuli over the Nauru site. The statistical descriptions of the vertical velocity structures in continental stratocumulus clouds and in the Nauru shallow cumuli that are part of this study represents the most comprehensive observations of the vertical velocities in boundary layer clouds to date and were done in collaboration with Drs. Virendra Ghate and Pavlos Kollias.

  6. DOE national user facility in the Tropical Western Pacific.

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, L. A.; Porch, W. M.; Sisterson, Doug L.; Mather, J. H.; Long, C. N.

    2004-01-01

    In July 2003, the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research designated the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement sites as National User Facilities and renamed them the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF). As a result, the former ARM Cloud and Radiation Test bed (CART) sites are now collectively called Climate Research Sites. Part of the conditions associated with funding for ACRF is that the ARM program must attract new users. Located in Australia, and the island nations of Papua New Guinea and the Republic of Nauru, the three Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) research facilities offer unique scientific opportunities to prospective users. Although the locations of the facilities pose significant logistical challenges, particularly the two island sites, the TWP Office addresses these issues so that prospective users can focus on their research. The TWP Office oversees the operation of these sites by collaborating with the governments of Australia, Papua New Guinea, and the Republic of Nauru. Local observers are trained to effectively operate and maintain the facilities, and the state-side TWP Office offers supporting resources including daily instrument monitoring; equipment shipping, inventory tracking; customs coordination; and a readily deployable technical maintenance team at relatively minimal cost to prospective users. Satellite communications allow continuous, near-real time data from all three stations. The TWP Office also works diligently to maintain good local government and community relations with active outreach programs. This paper presents the TWP research facilities as the valuable resources they are to the scientific community.

  7. ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade and Counting

    SciTech Connect

    Long, Charles N.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Minnis, Patrick; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Mather, James H.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Jensen, Michael; Jakob, Christian

    2013-05-22

    The tropical western Pacific (TWP) is an important climatic region. Strong solar heating, warm sea surface temperatures and the annual progression of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) across this region generate abundant convective systems, which through their effects on the heat and water budgets have a profound impact on global climate and precipitation. To accurately represent tropical cloud systems in models, measurements of tropical clouds, the environment in which they reside, and their impact on the radiation and water budgets are needed. Because of the remote location, ground-based datasets of cloud, atmosphere, and radiation properties from the TWP region have traditionally come primarily from short-term field experiments. While providing extremely useful information on physical processes, these datasets are limited in statistical and climatological information because of their short duration. To provide long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget in the tropics, and the atmospheric properties that affect it, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program established a measurement site on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea in 1996 and on the island republic of Nauru in late 1998. These sites provide unique datasets available from more than 10 years of operation in the equatorial western Pacific on Manus and Nauru. We present examples of the scientific use of these datasets including characterization of cloud properties, analysis of cloud radiative forcing, model studies of tropical clouds and processes, and validation of satellite algorithms. We also note new instrumentation recently installed at the Manus site that will expand opportunities for tropical atmospheric science.

  8. TRP PVE | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    TRP PVE Place: Netherlands Product: Netherlands-based JV to construct and operate photovoltaic power stations. References: TRP PVE1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  9. ECOS MEGES | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: ECOSMEGES Place: Netherlands Product: Netherlands-based manufacturer of Lithium X batteries. References: ECOSMEGES1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  10. Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine

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    ... Researchers from the Crucell Vaccine Institute in the Netherlands, using human cells from ... Friesen (Crucell Vaccine Institute, Netherlands); and O.T.W. Li, L.L.M. Poon, and M. ...

  11. 1

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    Research Utrecht (IMAU) Utrecht, The Netherlands S.E. Bauer The Earth Institute at ... Research Utrecht (IMAU) Utrecht, The Netherlands, maarten.krol@jrc.it S.E. Bauer, The ...

  12. Measurements and model calculations of radiative fluxes for the Cabauw

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research, the Netherlands Measurements and model calculations of radiative fluxes for the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research, the Netherlands Knap, Wouter Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute KNMI Los, Alexander KNMI Boers, Reinout KNMI Category: Radiation The Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR), the Netherlands (52.0N, 4.9E), contains an extensive set of instruments for atmospheric research, such as radar, lidar

  13. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by...

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    ... en - Weefselkweek Netherlands Society for Plant Biotechnology and Tissue Culture (NVPW) -- Nederlandse Vereniging voor Radiologie Radiological Society of the ...

  14. Proceedings of the fifth annual NEA-seabed working group meeting...

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    European Communities, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Japan, Netherlands, ... COMMUNITIES; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY; FRANCE; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; JAPAN; ...

  15. Chapter 7: New Insights into Microbial Strategies for Biomass...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels Publisher: Amsterdam, Netherlands: ... PHYSICAL, AND ANAYLYTICAL CHEMISTRY biofuels; biomass; cellulases; natural paradigms; ...

  16. Alexey Galda | Argonne National Laboratory

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    UK, 2008 Overseas Research Student Scholarship, UK, 2008 HSP Huygens Scholarship, Netherlands, 2008 Professional Memberships American Physical Society Member Selected ...

  17. John Krummel | Argonne National Laboratory

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    Cantonese, Catalan, Chines and English, Chinese, Chinese (Cantonese), Dutch (Netherlands), English, English (fluent), English (Native), English: Fluent; Chinese: Native; ...

  18. Guenter Conzelmann | Argonne National Laboratory

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    Cantonese, Catalan, Chines and English, Chinese, Chinese (Cantonese), Dutch (Netherlands), English, English (fluent), English (Native), English: Fluent; Chinese: Native; ...

  19. Thomas Wallner | Argonne National Laboratory

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    Cantonese, Catalan, Chines and English, Chinese, Chinese (Cantonese), Dutch (Netherlands), English, English (fluent), English (Native), English: Fluent; Chinese: Native; ...

  20. Alex Martinson | Argonne National Laboratory

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    Cantonese, Catalan, Chines and English, Chinese, Chinese (Cantonese), Dutch (Netherlands), English, English (fluent), English (Native), English: Fluent; Chinese: Native; ...

  1. World Bio Markets

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Held in Amsterdam, Netherlands, the 10th anniversary World Bio Markets convened from March 1– 4, 2015.

  2. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program facilities newsletter, May 2000.

    SciTech Connect

    Sisterson, D.L.

    2000-06-01

    This month the authors will visit an ARM CART site with a pleasant climate: the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) CART site, along the equator in the western Pacific Ocean. The TWP locale lies between 10 degrees North latitude and 10 degrees South latitude and extends from Indonesia east-ward beyond the international date line. This area was selected because it is in and around the Pacific warm pool, the area of warm sea-surface temperatures that determine El Nino/La Nina episodes. The warm pool also adds heat and moisture to the atmosphere and thus fuels cloud formation. Understanding the way tropical clouds and water vapor affect the solar radiation budget is a focus of the ARM Program. The two current island-based CART sites in the TWP are in Manus Province in Papua New Guinea and on Nauru Island.

  3. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    CLARA-Project: Intensive Experimental Study of Clouds and Radiation in The Netherlands Russchenberg, H.W.J., Delft University of Technology; van Lammeren, A.C.A.P., and Feijt, A., Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute; Apituley, A., National Institute of Public Health and the Environment; Khlystov, A., Netherlands Energy Research Centre; Herben, M., Eindhoven University of Technology Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting In 1996, three extensive measurement

  4. Ground-based remote sensing scheme for monitoring aerosol-cloud...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Publisher: European Geosciences Union Research Org: Delft Univ. of Technology, Stevinweg, Delft (Netherlands) Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: ...

  5. International Power Girasolar joint company | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: International Power Girasolar joint company Sector: Solar Product: Joint venture announced between US IPWG and Netherlands-headquartered Girasolar, to...

  6. Teamwork Technology See Tocardo | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Teamwork Technology See Tocardo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Teamwork Technology See Tocardo Region: Netherlands Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http: This company is...

  7. Innogrow BV | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Innogrow BV Place: Utrecht, Netherlands Zip: 3503 RK Product: Innogrow has developed a greenhouse product for gardening and thermal energy source....

  8. Neptune Systems | Open Energy Information

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    Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name: Neptune Systems Address: PO Box 8719 Place: Breda Zip: 4820 BA Region: Netherlands Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +31 (0)...

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    of Econcern Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ecofys Subsidiary of Econcern Address: PO Box 8408 Place: Utrecht Zip: 3503 RK Region: Netherlands Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic...

  10. U.S. and Bahamian Governments to Cooperate on Detecting Illicit...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This is the sixth cooperative agreement and joins efforts currently underway in the Netherlands, Greece, Sri Lanka, Belgium and Spain. The specialized radiation detection ...

  11. Philips Solar | Open Energy Information

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    Netherlands Zip: 5600 JM Sector: Solar Product: Responsible for the development and marketing of grid-connected solar inverters; acquired and absorbed by Steca in 2005....

  12. Belden EMEA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Zip: 5928 Product: Netherlands-based European headquarters of Belden and supplier of signal transmission solutions. They produce PV junction boxes. References: Belden EMEA1...

  13. Shell Solar | Open Energy Information

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    Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shell Solar Place: The Hague, Netherlands Zip: 2501 AN Sector: Solar Product: Shell Solar is developing non-crystalline PV technology,...

  14. Search for new phenomena in monophoton final states in proton...

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    Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 755; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693 Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: Netherlands ...

  15. Contaminants in aquaculture: Overview of analytical techniques...

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    Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5) Country of Publication: Netherlands Language: English Word Cloud More Like ...

  16. Template synthesis of Ag/AgCl microrods and their efficient visible...

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    Resource Relation: Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 57; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All ...

  17. Searches for a heavy scalar boson H decaying to a pair of 125...

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    Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 755; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693 Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: Netherlands ...

  18. Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors

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  19. Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) | Open Energy Information

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    Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) AgencyCompany Organization Netherlands Development Cooperation Sector...

  20. Parallel heuristics for scalable community detection (Journal...

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    Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: Netherlands Language: English Word Cloud More Like This Free Publicly Accessible Full Text Publisher's Version of ...

  1. Anisotropic parton escape is the dominant source of azimuthal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: Netherlands Language: English Word Cloud More Like This Free Publicly Accessible Full Text Publisher's Version of ...

  2. Evelop BV | Open Energy Information

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    projects in the Netherlands and abroad, especially in Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Latin America. Coordinates: 52.088932, 5.115405 Show Map Loading map......

  3. Phase 2 Study of Docetaxel, Cisplatin, and Concurrent Radiation...

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    ... B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: ... DNA; FAILURES; FEEDING; HEAD; HUMAN POPULATIONS; KIDNEYS; METASTASES; NECK; ...

  4. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

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    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

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  6. Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States...

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  7. Tocardo Tidal Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Tocardo Tidal Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tocardo Tidal Energy Ltd Address: De Weel 20 Place: Zijdewind Zip: 1736KB Region: Netherlands Sector: Marine and...

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    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    threats."

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  9. ECN-NREL Collaboration | Open Energy Information

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    has worked with Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands on policy analysis, photovoltaics (PV), wind, and biofuels research collaborations. The National Renewable Energy...

  10. Hitec Power Protection | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Hitec Power Protection Place: Almelo, Netherlands Zip: 7602 Product: UPS flywheel systems. References: Hitec Power Protection1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  11. Blue Motion Energy | Open Energy Information

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    Motion Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Blue Motion Energy Region: Netherlands Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http: This company is listed in the Marine and...

  12. Forward-central two-particle correlations in p-Pb collisions...

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  13. Measurement of the branching fraction for ?(3770)???c0 ...

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    0370-2693 Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: Netherlands Language: English Word Cloud More Like This Free Publicly Accessible Full Text Publisher's...

  14. Hartree-Fock many-body perturbation theory for nuclear ground...

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    Hartree-Fock many-body perturbation theory for nuclear ground-states Prev Next ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: Netherlands Language: English Word Cloud ...

  15. Information Toolkit for post-2012 climate policies | Open Energy...

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    Organization: Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Partner: Brinkman Climate Change Sector: Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Policiesdeployment programs, Pathways...

  16. Ecostream | Open Energy Information

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    Ecostream Place: Utrecht, Netherlands Zip: NL-3526 KL Sector: Solar Product: Dutch provider of turnkey solar power plants and PV systems. Coordinates: 52.088932, 5.115405...

  17. Dutch Space BV | Open Energy Information

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    Dutch Space BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dutch Space BV Place: Leiden, Netherlands Zip: 2333 Sector: Solar Product: Leiden-based supplier of subsystems for the European...

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  18. Fibroblast growth factor 10 protects neuron against oxygen-glucose...

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  19. Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors

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    der Materie (FOM), the Netherlands; and Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologa (CONACyT), Mexico. Operation of the ALS is supported by BES. Publication about this research:...

  20. Leiderdorp Instruments | Open Energy Information

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  1. Intivation BV | Open Energy Information

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  2. Property:BasedNear | Open Energy Information

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  3. Fluorescent tracking of nickel ions in human cultured cells ...

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  6. DA (Distribution Automation) (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy...

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  7. NUON Renewable Energy Business Unit | Open Energy Information

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  8. Frequently Asked Questions About the Higgs Boson

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  9. The new ternary pnictides Er{sub 12}Ni{sub 30}P{sub 21} and Er...

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  10. Microsoft Word - treact_manual.doc

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    ... Non-isothermal effects are considered, including water-vapor phase change and air ... D., Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Balkema, ...

  11. Proceedings

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    The Netherlands OMAE2011-49863 DEVELOPMENT AND VERIFICATION OF A COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS MODEL OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS TIDAL CURRENT TURBINE Michael J. Lawson National ...

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    The Netherlands OMAE2011-49863 DEVELOPMENT AND VERIFICATION OF A COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS MODEL OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS TIDAL CURRENT TURBINE ABSTRACT This paper describes the ...

  13. Solland Solar Energy BV | Open Energy Information

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  14. Mastervolt International | Open Energy Information

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    Packed bed thermal energy storage A simplified experimentally validated model Anderson Ryan Bates Liana Johnson Erick Morris Jeffrey F Elsevier None USDOE Netherlands English...

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  1. Publications | Center for Energy Efficient Materials

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    and Stucky, G. D. (2014), HOT CARRIER FILTERING IN ... for Light Extraction Efficiency (LEE) Modeling in Nitride LEDs,Springer Netherlands, III-Nitride Based Light Emitting ...

  2. Electronic Structure of Cobalt Nanocrystals Suspended in Liquid

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    College London); F.G. Requejo (Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina); and F. de Groot (Utrecht University, The Netherlands). Research funding: U.S. Department of Energy,...

  3. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Aruba (Fact Sheet); NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

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    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Aruba, an autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela.

  4. Thermal Analysis of Waste Glass Batches: Effect of Batch Makeup...

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    Hot Topics in Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 9:429-440 Publisher: J Sestak and P Simon; Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. Research Org: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ...

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  6. HΛ3 and H‾Λ¯3 production in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76...

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  7. Fast Start Financing | Open Energy Information

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    the government of the Netherlands, with support from the governments of Costa Rica, Colombia, Denmark, Germany, Indonesia, the Marshall Islands, Mexico, Norway, the United...

  8. Designing small catalysts for CO2 capture (Conference) | SciTech...

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  10. Study of alinite cement hydration by impedance spectroscopy ...

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  11. SABICs Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the...

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    Tony Cerruti, Marketing Director, Americas, for SABIC's Innovative Plastics business ... in Saudi Arabia, the USA, the Netherlands, Spain, Japan, India, China and South Korea. ...

  12. Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission...

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  13. Clean Coal and Waste to Energy Session

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  14. ORISE: Balajee named director of Cytogenetic Biodosimetry Lab...

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    PhD, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Japan Postdoc, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands EFRC research: Quantify thermodynamics of polymer-covered cyclic ...

  16. Physicist Tyler Abrams models lithium erosion in tokamaks | Princeton...

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    particles from eroding the protective lithium coating. Physicist Tyler Abrams has led experiments on a facility in the Netherlands called Magnum-PSI that could provide an answer. ...

  17. 229th Electrochemical Society (ECS) Meeting (San Diego, CA) ...

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    efficient water splitting devices. May 24 Prof. Sebastian Fiechter Seminar @ 10 AM, 109 Jorgensen, Caltech June 13 Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies Leiden, The Netherlands

  18. ARM - Facility News Article

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    Scientists representing 10 different countries, from the United States to Africa, Germany, and the Netherlands, attended this year's meeting. Proceedings from the meeting will be ...

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  20. Jianguo Wen | Argonne National Laboratory

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    BS, Physics Department, Wuhan University Ph.D., Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Postdoctoral Fellow, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands Research ...

  1. Sondre K. Schnell | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean...

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    Email: s.k.schnellatberkeley.edu PhD in Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands MSc in Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and ...

  2. Carbon Stars | Open Energy Information

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  3. Long-term in-vivo tumorigenic assessment of human culture-expanded...

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  5. Interleukin-4 enhances trafficking and functional activities...

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  9. FELIX-1.0: A finite element solver for the time dependent generator...

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  10. Connecting physical resonant amplitudes and lattice QCD (Journal...

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  11. ENECO Energie | Open Energy Information

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    Place: Rotterdam, Netherlands Zip: 3000 CL Sector: Biomass, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Dutch-based energy company that transports, produces, trades and sells...

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  13. Free Energy International Free Energy Europe | Open Energy Information

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  14. PART II - CONTRACT CLAUSES

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    ... Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. ...

  15. Digital Ultracap Corp formerly Digital Ultracap LLC | Open Energy...

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  16. Appendix A: Reference case

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    Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. 3 Other Europe and Eurasia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,...

  17. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

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  18. Press Pass - Press Releases

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  20. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | July 19, 2013: Discovery...

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  2. Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  3. Press Pass - Press Release - U.S. scientists join in "cosmic...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  4. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak...

  5. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 5, 2015: U.S. scientists...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  6. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  7. Press Pass - Press Release - CDF B_s

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  8. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC Restart

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 13, 2015: Two Large...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  10. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 19, 2014: International...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  11. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  12. Bluewater | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Address: Marsstraat 33 Place: Hoofddorp Zip: 2132 Region: Netherlands Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Year Founded: 1978 Phone Number: +31 (0)23 568 2800 Website:...

  13. GiraSolar Inc formerly GiraSolar BV | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    BV) Place: Deventer, Netherlands Zip: 7418EV Product: Manufacturer of silicon photovoltaic modules. Coordinates: 52.251034, 6.159899 Show Map Loading map......

  14. Effect of pressure on elastic, mechanical and electronic properties...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 50; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All ...

  15. A Framework to Support the Fusion of Operation and Planning ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    IFAC-PapersOnLine, 48(30):427-432 Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Research Org: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US) Sponsoring Org: USDOE ...

  16. Integrated State Estimation and Contingency Analysis Software...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    IFLAC-PapersOnLine, 48(30):227-232 Publisher: S Mishra; Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Research Org: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US) Sponsoring ...

  17. First measurement of the helicity asymmetry E in η photoproduction...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 755; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693 Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: Netherlands ...

  18. Overview of Existing Home Energy Labels

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... piloted in Denmark, the Netherlands, Austria, and Greece. ... CommentsExplanations EnergySmart Home Scale ENERGY STAR for ... Dave Roberts National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) ...

  19. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  20. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Environmenta...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Energy Research Centre of the Netherland(nergy Research Centre of the Netherlan)ds Evans, Robert O.(Robert O.Evans).- Department of...

  1. Wood Energy Scenarios and Southern Markets

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    WOOD ENERGY SCENARIOS AND SOUTHERN MARKETS PRAKASH NEPAL 1 , KAREN ABT 2 , KEN SKOG 3 , ROBERT ABT 1 1 DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY & ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES, NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY 2 USDA FOREST SERVICE, SOUTHERN RESEARCH STATION, RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK 3 USDA FOREST SERVICE, FOREST PRODUCTS LABORATORY, MADISON, WI (RETIRED) Photo: Juergen Henkelmann, Alamy Photo: conserve-energy-future.com Photo: Duke University BACKGROUND  Previous billion ton reports did not explicitly consider

  2. Quantifying Diurnal Cloud Radiative Effects by Cloud Type in the Tropical Western Pacific

    SciTech Connect

    Burleyson, Casey D.; Long, Charles N.; Comstock, Jennifer M.

    2015-06-01

    Cloud radiative effects are examined using long-term datasets collected at the three Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facilities in the tropical western Pacific. We quantify the surface radiation budget, cloud populations, and cloud radiative effects by partitioning the data by cloud type, time of day, and as a function of large scale modes of variability such as El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phase and wet/dry seasons at Darwin. The novel facet of our analysis is that we break aggregate cloud radiative effects down by cloud type across the diurnal cycle. The Nauru cloud populations and subsequently the surface radiation budget are strongly impacted by ENSO variability whereas the cloud populations over Manus only shift slightly in response to changes in ENSO phase. The Darwin site exhibits large seasonal monsoon related variations. We show that while deeper convective clouds have a strong conditional influence on the radiation reaching the surface, their limited frequency reduces their aggregate radiative impact. The largest source of shortwave cloud radiative effects at all three sites comes from low clouds. We use the observations to demonstrate that potential model biases in the amplitude of the diurnal cycle and mean cloud frequency would lead to larger errors in the surface energy budget compared to biases in the timing of the diurnal cycle of cloud frequency. Our results provide solid benchmarks to evaluate model simulations of cloud radiative effects in the tropics.

  3. Radiative Heating Profiles in the Convective Tropics: A Comparison of Observations and Models

    SciTech Connect

    McFarlane, Sally A.; Mather, Jim H.; Ackerman, Thomas P.

    2005-01-10

    Radiative heating is one of the principal drivers of tropical circulation. While we have good knowledge of radiative fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere and at specific surface sites, observations of atmospheric profiles of radiative heating, particular in cloudy conditions, have been largely unavailable. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program has begun a program to compute radiative heating profiles routinely at its observational sites at Nauru and Manus Island, Papua New Guinea, using observed and retrieved inputs of water vapor and condensed water phase, particle size, and mass. The accuracy of these profiles can be assessed by comparing the calculated TOA and surface fluxes with observations. We have computed radiative heating profiles every 20 minutes for several months at each of these two sites in the 1999-2000 time period, which represent a unique dataset for model comparison. Here, we compare this dataset to model output from the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) analysis, the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model (CAM 3.0) and the Multi-Scale Modeling Framework (MMF). These three models, all run using observed SST for this comparison, provide an interesting range of resolution from the 4 km cloud resolving model in the MMF to the approximately 280 km grid-scale of the CAM and a contrast between forecasting and climate models. In general, the model results fail to capture the structure of the observed heating in the upper troposphere because of their failure to simulate cirrus and stratiform cloud adequately.

  4. Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

    1985-12-01

    The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

  5. Boundary Layer Cloudiness Parameterizations Using ARM Observations

    SciTech Connect

    Bruce Albrecht

    2004-09-15

    This study used DOE ARM data and facilities to: (1) study macroscopic properties of continental stratus clouds at SGP and the factors controlling these properties, (2) develop a scientific basis for understanding the processes responsible for the formation of boundary layer clouds using ARM observations in conjunction with simple parametric models and LES, and (3) evaluate cumulus cloud characteristics retrieved from the MMCR operating at TWP-Nauru. In addition we have used high resolution 94 GHz observations of boundary layer clouds and precipitation to: (1) develop techniques for using high temporal resolution Doppler velocities to study large-eddy circulations and turbulence in boundary layer clouds and estimate the limitations of using current and past MMCR data for boundary layer cloud studies, (2) evaluate the capability and limitations of the current MMCR data for estimating reflectivity, vertical velocities, and spectral under low- signal-to-noise conditions associated with weak no n-precipitating clouds, (3) develop possible sampling modes for the new MMCR processors to allow for adequate sampling of boundary layer clouds, and (4) retrieve updraft and downdraft structures under precipitating conditions.

  6. Final Technical Report ARM DOE Grant #DE-FG02-03ER63520 Parameterizations of Shortwave Radiactive Properties of Broken Clouds from Satellite and Ground-Based Measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Albrecht, Bruce, A.

    2006-06-19

    This study used DOE ARM data and facilities to: 1) study macroscopic properties of continental stratus clouds at SGP and the factors controlling these properties, 2) develop a scientific basis for understanding the pocesses responsible for the formation of boundary layer clouds using ARM observations in conjunction with simple parametric models and LES, and 3) evaluate cumulus cloud characteristics retrieved retrieved from the MMCR operating at TWP-Nauru. In addition we have used high resolution 94 GHz observations of boundary layer clouds and precipitation to: 1)develop techniques for using high temporal resolution Doppler velocities to study large-eddy circulations and turbulence in boundary layer clouds and estimate the limitations of using current and past MMCR data for boundary layer cloud studies, 2) evaluate the capability and limitation of the current MMCR data for estimating reflectivity, vertical velocities, and spectral under low-signal-to-noise conditions associated with weak non-precipitating clouds, 3) develop possible sampling modes for the new MMCR processors to allow for adequate sampling of boundary layer clouds, and 4) retrieve updraft and downdraft structures under precipitating conditions.

  7. Synthesis and characterisation of hexagonal molybdenum nitrides...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOI: 10.1016j.jssc.2006.05.025; PII: S0022-4596(06)00310-0; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: ...

  8. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ID","IDAHO",4,260,"CANADA",1,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ALPAC MARKETING SERV ",1,093,"Other Hydrocarbons",5301,"HOUSTON, TX","TEXAS",3,630,"NETHERLANDS",50,...

  9. Annual Coal Distribution Tables

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1,104 - 1,104 Bulgaria 82 - 82 Egypt 518 - 518 Italy 115 - 115 Netherlands 56 83 139 Spain 412 84 496 Turkey 581 - 581 United Kingdom 654 - 654 Kentucky 2,130 - 2,130 Canada 920...

  10. file://C:\\Documents%20and%20Settings\\ICR\\My%20Documents\\Coal...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Bulgaria 75 - 75 Egypt 363 - 363 Germany 71 - 71 Italy 61 - 61 Netherlands 219 - 219 Spain 415 - 415 Turkey 362 - 362 United Kingdom 282 - 282 Kentucky 1,404 - 1,404 Canada 433...

  11. file://G:\\mydocs\\Coal\\Distribution\\2003\\distable2.HTML

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    363 - 363 Egypt 477 - 477 Germany 167 - 167 Italy 87 - 87 Netherlands 399 - 399 Spain 198 - 198 Turkey 551 - 551 United Kingdom 359 - 359 Kentucky 1,449 - 1,449 Canada 566...

  12. Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ",477,"-",477 ,"Germany ",167,"-",167 ,"Italy ",87,"-",87 ,"Netherlands ",399,"-",399 ,"Spain ",198,"-",198 ,"Turkey ",551,"-",551 ,"United Kingdom ",359,"-",359 "Kentucky...

  13. Transportation and Program Management Services

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Greece, Indonesia, Italy, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, North K Phili i P t l R i S tl d Sl i S th K T i Th il d Korea, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Scotland, Slovenia, South ...

  14. Pierre Auger Observatory and Telescope Array: Joint Contributions to the 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2015)

    SciTech Connect

    Abbasi, R.U.; et al.

    2015-11-06

    Joint contributions of the Pierre Auger Collaboration and the Telescope Array Collaboration to the 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference, 30 July - 6 August 2015, The Hague, The Netherlands.

  15. Electric-pulse discharge as a novel technique to synthesize ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    10.1016j.materresbull.2007.02.025; PII: S0025-5408(07)00060-8; Copyright (c) 2007 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: ...

  16. Scheuten Delta | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Product: Netherlands-based JV focused on integrated solar project development across the supply chain. References: Scheuten Delta1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  17. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Industries GmbH SunCoal Industries GmbH K nigs Wusterhausen Germany Producer of bio coal SunConnex International BV SunConnex International BV Amsterdam Netherlands Solar Dutch...

  18. Hydrogen production from water decomposition by redox of Fe{sub...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOI: 10.1016j.jssc.2010.03.017; PII: S0022-4596(10)00095-2; Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved. Country of...

  19. Synthesis of low loss, thermally stable Ce{sub x}Y{sub 1-x}TiTaO...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    10.1016j.materresbull.2008.06.005; PII: S0025-5408(08)00207-9; Copyright (c) 2008 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input:...

  20. Study of Z boson production in pPb collisions at sNN=5.02TeV...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Country of Publication: Netherlands Language: English Word Cloud More Like This Free Publicly Accessible Full Text Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016j.physletb.2016.05.044

  1. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    than 90% of Syria's oil exports went to countries in the European Union (E.U.), with Germany, Italy, France and the Netherlands as the largest buyers. But while crude exports to...

  2. January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Power Generation And Distributi...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Crudeli, R. ENEL SpA, Milan (Italy) Failure analyses and weld repair of boiler feed water pumps Vulpen, R. van KemaPower Generation, Arnhem (Netherlands) Computer electric ...

  3. DNA

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 15, 2014-When this week's print issue of the journal Science comes out, a collective cheer will go up from New Mexico, Montana and even the Netherlands, ...

  4. Secretary Comments on the Selection of the Next Executive Director...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Washington, D.C. - The Governing Board of the International Energy Agency (IEA) today announced that their 28 members have selected Maria Van der Hoeven of the Netherlands, the ...

  5. Collaboration drives achievement in protein structure research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 15, 2014-When this week's print issue of the journal Science comes out, a collective cheer will go up from New Mexico, Montana and even the Netherlands, ...

  6. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    He contacted Elsevier's Journal and Data Solutions team, based out of the Netherlands, to make the connection. "Our long term vision is to link ARM data with their publication ...

  7. Anti-Alpha Particles Observed for the First Time | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC)

    ... Ministry of Ed. and Sci. of the Russian Federation, NNSFC, CAS, MoST, and MoE of China, GA and MSMT of the Czech Republic, FOM and NWO of the Netherlands, DAE, DST, and CSIR ...

  8. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Saint Martin/Sint Maarten

    SciTech Connect

    2015-09-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the northeast Caribbean island Saint Martin. The island is divided between two nations, France in the north (Saint-Martin) and the Netherlands in the south (Sint Maarten).

  9. refractory_retain_whyte_APS07.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 1 Plasma Science & Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge USA 2 FOM-Rijnhuizen, Netherlands APS Division of Plasma Physics Meeting Mini-Conference: First Micron of the Wall November...

  10. De Lage Landen | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: De Lage Landen Place: Eindhoven, Netherlands Zip: P.O. Box 652 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: De Lagen Landen is a leasing company which is wholly owned by Rabo...

  11. Nitrogen-doped zirconia: A comparison with cation stabilized...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOI: 10.1016j.jssc.2005.10.012; PII: S0022-4596(05)00462-7; Copyright (c) 2005 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: ...

  12. Implementation of Parallel Dynamic Simulation on Shared-Memory...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    on Control of Power and Energy Systems (CPES 2015), December 9-11, 2015, New Delhi, India. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 48(30):221-226 Publisher: S Mishra; Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ...

  13. Cu{sub 22}Bi{sub 12}S{sub 21}Cl{sub 16}-A mixed conductor with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016j.jssc.2010.10.038; PII: S0022-4596(10)00495-0; Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved. ...

  14. A P van den Berg | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: A. P. van den Berg Place: Heerenveen, Netherlands Zip: P.O. Box 68, 8440 AB Sector: Geothermal energy, Solar Product: Designs and installs soil...

  15. About - OpenEI Datasets

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and Netherland government portals, as well as city and municipal sites in the US, UK, Argentina, Finland and elsewhere. CKAN: http:ckan.org CKAN Tour: http:ckan.orgtour...

  16. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    interface properties of oxide heterostructures Guus Rijnders MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands CNMS D D I I S S C C O O V V E E R...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - 19 Kevin Brown

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EVALUATING WASTEFORM LEACHING AND PERFORMANCE DOE COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE (P&RA COP) ANNUAL TECHNICAL EXCHANGE MEETING GERMANTOWN, MARYLAND OCTOBER 19 AND 20, 2016 Kevin G. Brown 1 , David S. Kosson 1 , Janelle Branch Lewis 1 , Andrew C. Garrabrants 1 , Hans van der Sloot 2 , Paul Seignette 3 , J.C.L Meeussen 4 1 Vanderbilt University 2 Hans van der Sloot Consultancy 3 Energy Research Center of the Netherlands 4 Nuclear Research Group (Netherlands) SUMMARY OF MAJOR ACTIVITIES * Experimental -

  18. BALTEX BRIDGE cloud liquid water network project: CLIWA-NET

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3/2008 ARM-08 Photo courtesy Bjorn Stevens ARM-GEWEX Cloud System Studies (GCSS) Collaborations: Past-Present-Future A. Pier Siebesma siebesma@knmi.nl chair GCCS KNMI, De Bilt, The Netherlands Technical University Delft Multiscale Physics Group Delft, The Netherlands 4/3/2008 ARM-08 Topics Introduction to GCSS activities Examples and Results for parameterization development in the past. (has it made a difference?) Past and Present Collaborations and results between ARM and GCSS The Future: How

  19. Phyllostomid bat microbiome composition is associated to host phylogeny and feeding strategies

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    19 May 2015 doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00447 OPEN ACCESS Edited by: Boran Kartai, Radboud University, Netherlands Reviewed by: Guus Roeselers, TNO, Netherlands Caleb Dakotah Phillips, Texas Tech University, USA Correspondence: Luisa I. Faicon, Laboratorio de Ecoiogfa Bacteriana, Instituto de Ecoiogfa, Universidad Nacionai Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito exterior sn, Cd. Universitaria, Coyoacan 04510, Mexico faicon@ecoiogia. unam.mx *These authors have contributed equaiiy to this work. Specialty

  20. South Asia transboundary water quality monitoring workshop summary report.

    SciTech Connect

    Betsill, Jeffrey David; Littlefield, Adriane C.; Luetters, Frederick O.; Rajen, Gaurav

    2003-04-01

    The Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in several regions as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group made up of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and the United States convened in Kathmandu, Nepal, from February 17-23,2002. The workshop was held to further develop the South Asia Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring (SATWQM) project. The project is sponsored in part by the CMC located at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico through funding provided by the US. Department of State, Regional Environmental Affairs Office, American Embassy, Kathmandu, Nepal, and the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. This report summarizes the SATWQM project, the workshop objectives, process and results. The long-term interests of the participants are to develop systems for sharing regional environmental information as a means of building confidence and improving relations among South Asian countries. The more immediate interests of the group are focused on activities that foster regional sharing of water quality data in the Ganges and Indus River basins. Issues of concern to the SATWQM network participants include studying the impacts from untreated sewage and industrial effluents, agricultural run-off, salinity increases in fresh waters, the siltation and shifting of river channels, and the environmental degradation of critical habitats such as wetlands, protected forests, and endangered aquatic species conservation areas. The workshop focused on five objectives: (1) a deepened understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of additional regional and national government and non-government organizations in South Asia involved in river water quality monitoring; (3) identification of

  1. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  2. [pic] EERE Web site statistics - Lose Your Excuse - Parents

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... |16.|France|11|0%| |17.|Ireland|10|0%| |18.|Germany|10|0%| |19.|Belgium|9|0%| |20.|Saudi Arabia|8|0%| |21.|Chile|7|0%| |22.|Finland|7|0%| |23.|Taiwan|7|0%| |24.|Netherlands|7|0%| ...

  3. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Bonaire; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Bonaire, a special municipality of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela. Bonaire’s utility rates are approximately $0.35 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), above the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  4. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [January 25, 1989

    SciTech Connect

    1989-01-25

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (3) Near East and South Asia; India, Pakistan, (4) Soviet Union, and (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Turkey.

  5. Policies to Promote Non-Hydro Renewable Energy in the United States and Selected Countries

    Reports and Publications

    2005-01-01

    This article examines policies designed to encourage the development of non-hydro renewable energy in four countries - Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Japan - and compares the policies enacted in each of these countries to policies that were used in the United States between 1970 and 2003.

  6. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Curacao; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Curacao, an autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela. Curacao’s utility rates are approximately $0.26 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  7. FBIS report. Science and technology: Europe/international, November 3, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1995-11-03

    ;Partial Contents: Netherlands: Program Gives Priority to Materials Research; Germany: Minister Ruettgers Outlines Biotechnology R&D Priorities; Germany: Structure of Defense-Related R&D Detailed; Germany: New Designs in Fiber Lasers Explored; France: CEA Carries Out Research on Cold Fusion; Germany: Research Society`s R&D Programs for 1996 Summarized; and EU Council Adopts Advanced Television Services Action Plan.

  8. EERE European Partnerships and Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    European Partnerships and Projects EERE European Partnerships and Projects The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) engages through regional partnerships, as well as bilaterally with individual countries in the European region. In addition to the regional partnerships described below, EERE Technology Offices engage in bilateral research partnerships with countries in Europe, including Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania,

  9. Policies to Spur Energy Access. Executive Summary; Volume 1, Engaging the Private Sector in Expanding Access to Electricity; Volume 2, Case Studies to Public-Private Models to Finance Decentralized Electricity Access

    SciTech Connect

    Walters, Terri; Rai, Neha; Esterly, Sean; Cox, Sadie; Reber, Tim; Muzammil, Maliha; Mahmood, Tasfiq; Kaur, Nanki; Tesfaye, Lidya; Mamuye, Simret; Knuckles, James; Morris, Ellen; de Been, Merijn; Steinbach, Dave; Acharya, Sunil; Chhetri, Raju Pandit; Bhushal, Ramesh

    2015-09-01

    Government policy is one of the most important factors in engaging the private sector in providing universal access to electricity. In particular, the private sector is well positioned to provide decentralized electricity products and services. While policy uncertainty and regulatory barriers can keep enterprises and investors from engaging in the market, targeted policies can create opportunities to leverage private investment and skills to expand electricity access. However, creating a sustainable market requires policies beyond traditional electricity regulation. The report reviews the range of policy issues that impact the development and expansion of a market for decentralized electricity services from establishing an enabling policy environment to catalyzing finance, building human capacity, and integrating energy access with development programs. The case studies in this report show that robust policy frameworks--addressing a wide range of market issues--can lead to rapid transformation in energy access. The report highlights examples of these policies in action Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Mali, Mexico, and Nepal.

  10. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, M.

    1997-04-01

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  11. Reduction of ruminant methane emissions - a win-win-win opportunity for business, development, and the environment

    SciTech Connect

    Livingston, R.

    1997-12-31

    This paper describes research efforts of The Global Livestock Producers Program (GLPP) in establishing self-sustaining enterprises for cost-effective technologies (i.e., animal nutrition and genetic improvement) and global methane emissions reductions in developing world nations. The US Environmental Protection Agency has funded several studies to examine the possibilities of reducing ruminant methane emissions in India, Tanzania, Bangladesh, and Brazil. The results of the studies showed that: (1) many developing countries` production systems are inefficient, and (2) great potential exists for decreasing global methane emissions through increasing animal productivity. From this effort, the GLPP established livestock development projects in India, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania, and is developing projects for Bangladesh, Nepal, and Brazil. The GLPP has developed a proven methodology for assessing ruminant methane and incorporating methane emissions monitoring into viable projects.

  12. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report. October 1 - December 31, 2009.

    SciTech Connect

    D. L. Sisterson

    2010-01-12

    individual instrument uptime. Thus, the average percentage of data in the Archive represents the average percentage of the time (24 hours per day, 92 days for this quarter) the instruments were operating this quarter. The Site Access Request System is a web-based database used to track visitors to the fixed and mobile sites, all of which have facilities that can be visited. The NSA locale has the Barrow and Atqasuk sites. The SGP locale has historically had a central facility, 23 extended facilities, 4 boundary facilities, and 3 intermediate facilities. Beginning this quarter, the SGP began a transition to a smaller footprint (150 km x 150 km) by rearranging the original and new instrumentation made available through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). The central facility and 4 extended facilities will remain, but there will be up to 16 surface new characterization facilities, 4 radar facilities, and 3 profiler facilities sited in the smaller domain. This new configuration will provide observations at scales more appropriate to current and future climate models. The TWP locale has the Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites. These sites will also have expanded measurement capabilities with the addition of new instrumentation made available through ARRA funds. It is anticipated that the new instrumentation at all the fixed sites will be in place within the next 12 months. The AMF continues its 20-month deployment in Graciosa Island, Azores, Portugal, that started May 1, 2009. The AMF will also have additional observational capabilities within the next 12 months. Users can participate in field experiments at the sites and mobile facility, or they can participate remotely. Therefore, a variety of mechanisms are provided to users to access site information. Users who have immediate (real-time) needs for data access can request a research account on the local site data systems. This access is particularly useful to users for quick decisions in executing time

  13. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program climate research facility operations quarterly report July 1 - September 30, 2008.

    SciTech Connect

    Sisterson, D. L.

    2008-10-08

    Individual raw data streams from instrumentation at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Climate Research Facility (ACRF) fixed and mobile sites are collected and sent to the Data Management Facility (DMF) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for processing in near real-time. Raw and processed data are then sent daily to the ACRF Archive, where they are made available to users. For each instrument, we calculate the ratio of the actual number of data records received daily at the Archive to the expected number of data records. The results are tabulated by (1) individual data stream, site, and month for the current year and (2) site and fiscal year (FY) dating back to 1998. Table 1 shows the accumulated maximum operation time (planned uptime), actual hours of operation, and variance (unplanned downtime) for the period July 1 - September 30, 2008, for the fixed sites. The AMF has been deployed to China, but the data have not yet been released. The fourth quarter comprises a total of 2,208 hours. The average exceeded our goal this quarter. The Site Access Request System is a web-based database used to track visitors to the fixed and mobile sites, all of which have facilities that can be visited. The NSA locale has the Barrow and Atqasuk sites. The SGP site has a central facility, 23 extended facilities, 4 boundary facilities, and 3 intermediate facilities. The TWP locale has the Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites. HFE represents the AMF statistics for the Shouxian, China, deployment in 2008. FKB represents the AMF statistics for the Haselbach, Germany, past deployment in 2007. NIM represents the AMF statistics for the Niamey, Niger, Africa, past deployment in 2006. PYE represents just the AMF Archive statistics for the Point Reyes, California, past deployment in 2005. In addition, users who do not want to wait for data to be provided through the ACRF Archive can request a research account on the local site data system. The seven computers for the

  14. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program climate research facility operations quarterly report January 1 - March 31, 2008.

    SciTech Connect

    Sisterson, D. L.

    2008-05-22

    Individual raw data streams from instrumentation at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Climate Research Facility (ACRF) fixed and mobile sites are collected and sent to the Data Management Facility (DMF) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for processing in near real time. Raw and processed data are then sent daily to the ACRF Archive, where they are made available to users. For each instrument, we calculate the ratio of the actual number of data records received daily at the Archive to the expected number of data records. The results are tabulated by (1) individual data stream, site, and month for the current year and (2) site and fiscal year (FY) dating back to 1998. Table 1 shows the accumulated maximum operation time (planned uptime), actual hours of operation, and variance (unplanned downtime) for the period January 1 - March 31, 2008, for the fixed sites. The AMF is being deployed to China and is not in operation this quarter. The second quarter comprises a total of 2,184 hours. The average as well as the individual site values exceeded our goal this quarter. The Site Access Request System is a web-based database used to track visitors to the fixed and mobile sites, all of which have facilities that can be visited. The NSA locale has the Barrow and Atqasuk sites. The SGP site has a central facility, 23 extended facilities, 4 boundary facilities, and 3 intermediate facilities. The TWP locale has the Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites. FKB represents the AMF statistics for the Haselbach, Germany, past deployment in 2007. NIM represents the AMF statistics for the Niamey, Niger, Africa, past deployment in 2006. PYE represents just the AMF Archive statistics for the Point Reyes, California, past deployment in 2005. In addition, users who do not want to wait for data to be provided through the ACRF Archive can request a research account on the local site data system. The seven computers for the research accounts are located at the Barrow

  15. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program climate research facility operations quarterly report October 1 - December 31, 2006.

    SciTech Connect

    Sisterson, D. L.

    2007-03-14

    Individual raw data streams from instrumentation at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Climate Research Facility (ACRF) fixed and mobile sites are collected and sent to the Data Management Facility (DMF) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for processing in near real time. Raw and processed data are then sent daily to the ACRF Archive, where they are made available to users. For each instrument, we calculate the ratio of the actual number of data records received daily at the Archive to the expected number of data records. The results are tabulated by (1) individual data stream, site, and month for the current year and (2) site and fiscal year dating back to 1998. Table 1 shows the accumulated maximum operation time (planned uptime), the actual hours of operation, and the variance (unplanned downtime) for the period October 1 through December 31, 2006, for the fixed and mobile sites. Although the AMF is currently up and running in Niamey, Niger, Africa, the AMF statistics are reported separately and not included in the aggregate average with the fixed sites. The first quarter comprises a total of 2,208 hours. For all fixed sites, the actual data availability (and therefore actual hours of operation) exceeded the individual (and well as aggregate average of the fixed sites) operational goal for the first quarter of fiscal year (FY) 2007. The Site Access Request System is a web-based database used to track visitors to the fixed sites, all of which have facilities that can be visited. The NSA locale has the Barrow and Atqasuk sites. The SGP site has a Central Facility, 23 extended facilities, 4 boundary facilities, and 3 intermediate facilities. The TWP locale has the Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites. NIM represents the AMF statistics for the current deployment in Niamey, Niger, Africa. PYE represents the AMF statistics for the Point Reyes, California, past deployment in 2005. In addition, users who do not want to wait for data to be

  16. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program climate research facility operations quarterly report October 1 - December 31, 2007.

    SciTech Connect

    Sisterson, D. L.

    2008-01-24

    Individual raw data streams from instrumentation at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Climate Research Facility (ACRF) fixed and mobile sites are collected and sent to the Data Management Facility (DMF) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for processing in near real time. Raw and processed data are then sent daily to the ACRF Archive, where they are made available to users. For each instrument, we calculate the ratio of the actual number of data records received daily at the Archive to the expected number of data records. The results are tabulated by (1) individual data stream, site, and month for the current year and (2) site and fiscal year (FY) dating back to 1998. Table 1 shows the accumulated maximum operation time (planned uptime), actual hours of operation, and variance (unplanned downtime) for the period October 1 - December 31, 2007, for the fixed sites and the mobile site. The AMF has been deployed to Germany and this was the final operational quarter. The first quarter comprises a total of 2,208 hours. Although the average exceeded our goal this quarter, a series of severe weather events (i.e., widespread ice storms) disrupted utility services, which affected the SGP performance measures. Some instruments were covered in ice and power and data communication lines were down for more than 10 days in some areas of Oklahoma and Kansas, which resulted in lost data at the SGP site. The Site Access Request System is a web-based database used to track visitors to the fixed sites, all of which have facilities that can be visited. The NSA locale has the Barrow and Atqasuk sites. The SGP site has a central facility, 23 extended facilities, 4 boundary facilities, and 3 intermediate facilities. The TWP locale has the Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites. The AMF completed its mission at the end of this quarter in Haselback, Germany (FKB designation). NIM represents the AMF statistics for the Niamey, Niger, Africa, past deployment in 2006. PYE

  17. NREL teams with Dutch Energy Research Center - News Releases | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL teams with Dutch Energy Research Center Collaboration expected in energy analysis, wind and photovoltaic research May 28, 2009 The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has signed a research collaboration agreement with the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN). NREL and ECN will join forces on areas such as policy studies, energy analysis, wind energy and solar photovoltaic energy. The cooperation between ECN and NREL ranges from an

  18. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  19. Secretary Comments on the Selection of the Next Executive Director of the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    International Energy Agency | Department of Energy Comments on the Selection of the Next Executive Director of the International Energy Agency Secretary Comments on the Selection of the Next Executive Director of the International Energy Agency March 11, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Governing Board of the International Energy Agency (IEA) today announced that their 28 members have selected Maria Van der Hoeven of the Netherlands, the former Dutch Minister of the Economy, to

  20. Comparison of Diffuse Shortwave Irradiance Measurements

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Diffuse Shortwave Irradiance Measurements J. J. Michalsky and J. Schlemmer Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York B. C. Bush, S. Leitner, D. Marsden, and F. P. J. Valero Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California R. Dolce and A. Los Kipp & Zonen, Inc. Bohemia, New York and Delft The Netherlands E. G. Dutton Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

  1. Superconductivity Conference Held

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Superconductivity Conference Held Z.-X. Shen SSRL sponsored a major international conference on superconductivity early this year. The conference, entitled "Spectroscopies in Novel Superconductors" was held at SSRL from March 15-18, 1995 and generated considerable interest in the scientific community. About 200 scientists from 14 countries attended: United States, Japan, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, France, The Netherlands, Sweden, India, Israel, Argentina, China, Finland and Russia

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - 1 Kevin Brown

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Program Update Interagency Steering Committee on Performance and Risk Assessment Community of Practice Annual Technical Exchange Meeting Richland, Washington December 15-16, 2015 Project Team Members Vanderbilt University & CRESP D. Kosson*, K.G. Brown*, A.C. Garrabrants, S. Mahadevan, J. Branch, F. Sanchez Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) C. Langton*; G. Flach*; H. Burns*; R. Seitz, S. Marra; F.G. Smith, III Energy Research Centre of The Netherlands (ECN) & CRESP H. van der

  3. Microsoft PowerPoint - 7 Kevin Brown

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (CBP) Toolsets Kevin G. Brown Vanderbilt University and CRESP Cementitious Barriers Partnership Performance & Risk Assessment Community of Practice Technical Exchange Meeting December 11-12, 2014 Las Vegas NM Project Team Members Vanderbilt University & CRESP D. Kosson*, K.G. Brown*, S. Mahadevan, J. Branch, F. Sanchez Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) C. Langton*, G. Flach*, H. Burns*, R. Seitz, S. Marra Energy Research Centre of The Netherlands (ECN) & CRESP H. van der

  4. World Bio Markets

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The World Bio Markets meeting will held from March 14-17, 2016 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The meeting will gather experts in the bioenergy industry from all over the world. Bioenergy Technologies Office Demonstration and Market Transformation Program Manager Jim Spaeth will be giving a presentation entitled, “Policy updates and outlooks from key biofuel markets,” and will discuss technical, policy and investment developments, and success stories.

  5. Towards New Scenarios for Analysis of Emissions, Climate Change, Impacts, and Response Strategies

    SciTech Connect

    Moss, Richard H.; Babiker, Mustafa; Brinkman, Sander; Calvo, Eduardo; Carter, Tim; Edmonds, James A.; Elgizouli, Ismail; Emori, S.; Lin, Erda; Hibbard, K.; Jones, Roger; Kainuma, M.; Kelleher, Jessica; Lamarque, J. F.; Manning, M.; Matthews, Ben; Meehl, J.; Meyer, Leo; Mitchell, John; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; O'Neill, Brian; Pichs, Ramon; Riahi, Keywan; Rose, Steven; Runci, Paul J.; Stouffer, Ronald; VanVuuren, D.; Weyant, John; Wilbanks, Thomas; van Ypersele, Jean P.; Zurek, Monica

    2008-10-01

    This report summarizes the findings and recommendations from the Expert Meeting on New Scenarios in Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, 19- 21 September 2007. This report is the culmination of the combined efforts of the New Scenarios Steering Committee, an author team composed primarily of members of the research community, and numerous other meeting participants and external reviewers who provided extensive comments during the expert review process.

  6. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  7. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    6, 2015 | Release date: May 7, 2015 | Next release: May 14, 2015 | Previous weeks JUMP TO: In The News | Overview | Prices/Supply/Demand | Storage In the News: Northwest Europe doubles LNG imports as key prices converge Liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipped to northwestern Europe's regasification terminals in the United Kingdom (U.K.), Belgium, and the Netherlands more than doubled in the first quarter of 2015, compared with the same period in 2014, as reduced demand and decreasing spot prices in

  8. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Mark Brongersma Mark Brongersma Mark Brongersma, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering Stanford University Mark Brongersma is a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University. He received his PhD from the FOM Institute in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in 1998. From 1998-2001 he was a postdoctoral research fellow at the California Institute of Technology. His current research is directed towards the development and physical

  9. Design of a tunable 4-MW Free Electron Maser for heating fusion plasmas

    SciTech Connect

    Caplan, M.; Kamin, G.; Shang, C.C.; Lindquist, W.

    1993-09-01

    There is an ongoing program at the FOM institute, The Netherlands, to develop a 1-MW, long-pulse, 200-Ghz Free Electron Maser (FEM) using a DC accelerator system with depressed collector. We present an extrapolation of this design to more than 4MW of output microwave power in order to reduce the cost per kW and increase the power per module in a plasma heating system.

  10. Microsoft Word - Group5PrecipProperties(RS).docx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Can We See Precipitation Properties Conserved through the Melting Layer Report Participants: Shuaiqu Tang, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Jonathan Edwards-Opperman, University of Oklahoma Kathryn Verlinden, Oregon State University Nils Küchler, University of Cologne, Germany Instructors: Matt Kumjian, Pennsylvania State University Herman Russchenberg, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands July 2015 Group 5, July 2015, ARM Summer Training and Science Applications 1 1.0 Can We See

  11. IEA Agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 1996 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Elam, Carolyn C. )

    1997-01-31

    The annual report includes an overview of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement, including a brief summary of hydrogen in general. The Chairman's report provides highlights for the year. Sections are included on hydrogen energy activities in the IEA Hydrogen Agreement member countries, including Canada, European Commission, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the US. Lastly, Annex reports are given for the following tasks: Task 10, Photoproduction of Hydrogen, Task 11, Integrated Systems, and Task 12, Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage.

  12. Assessing Development Impacts Associated with Low Emission Development Strategies: Lessons Learned from Pilot Efforts in Kenya and Montenegro

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessing Development Impacts Associated with Low Emission Development Strategies: Lessons Learned from Pilot Efforts in Kenya and Montenegro S. Cox and J. Katz National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Laura Würtenberger Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-58391 January 2014 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report

  13. LAPD 2013 - organizers

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact: International Scientific Committee J.P. Booth, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France (Chair) D. Brower, Univ. of California at Los Angeles, USA U. Czarnetzki, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany A.J.H. Donné, Dutch Inst. For Fundamental Energy Research, The Netherlands (Secretary) L. Giudicotti, Consorzio RFX, Italy N.C. Luhmann Jr., Univ. of California, Davis, USA K. Sasaki, Hokkaido Univ., Japan F. Skiff, Univ. of Iowa, USA K. Tanaka, National Inst. For Fusion Science, Japan H.K. Park,

  14. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Deep moonquakes reveal thickness of the lunar crust September 26, 2016 Charlotte Rowe of the Laboratory's Geophysics group and collaborators from the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands have reported the first use of the seismic interferometry technique applied to study the internal structure of the Moon. The Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets published the research and featured it as an Editor's Highlight.During the NASA Apollo missions, astronauts installed seismometers on

  15. Urenco centrifuge and laser development

    SciTech Connect

    Upson, P.C.

    1994-12-31

    The Urenco centrifuge process for the enrichment of uranium is now well developed and economically proven. The centrifuge technology that forms the basis of Urenco`s plants in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Germany has evolved steadily over the last two decades since the Urenco partnership was formed, and current programs of development will see this progress continue into the next century. From the early pilot plant work, the first generation of machines was installed and commissioned in the late 1970s in the U.K. and Netherlands plants. These have both significantly exceeded the original design expectation with respect to both stress lifetime and corrosion resistance. The early U.K. plant was shut down in 1992, again well beyond the expected 10-yr lifetime, while the Netherlands plant is still operating. Since then, significant advances have been made, and a fourth-generation machine began operation in the plants in 1991; in fact, Urenco has all four generations still in operation in its plants today. Urenco`s research on laser isotope separation is also described.

  16. Enriching stable isotopes: Alternative use for Urenco technology

    SciTech Connect

    Rakhorst, H.; de Jong, P.G.T.; Dawson, P.D.

    1996-12-31

    The International Urenco Group utilizes a technologically advanced centrifuge process to enrich uranium in the fissionable isotope {sup 235}U. The group operates plants in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Germany and currently holds a 10% share of the multibillion dollar world enrichment market. In the early 1990s, Urenco embarked on a strategy of building on the company`s uniquely advanced centrifuge process and laser isotope separation (LIS) experience to enrich nonradioactive isotopes colloquially known as stable isotopes. This paper summarizes the present status of Urenco`s stable isotopes business.

  17. Experimental Design for CMIP6: Aerosol, Land Use, and Future Scenarios Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Arnott, James

    2015-10-30

    The Aspen Global Change Institute hosted a technical science workshop entitled, “Experimental design for CMIP6: Aerosol, Land Use, and Future Scenarios,” on August 3-8, 2014 in Aspen, CO. Claudia Tebaldi (NCAR) and Brian O’Neill (NCAR) served as co-chairs for the workshop. The Organizing committee also included Dave Lawrence (NCAR), Jean-Francois Lamarque (NCAR), George Hurtt (University of Maryland), & Detlef van Vuuren (PBL Netherlands Environmental Change). The meeting included the participation of 22 scientists representing many of the major climate modeling centers for a total of 110 participant days.

  18. Mission Innovation Ministers Gather at COP22 for Public Event | Department

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Energy Mission Innovation Ministers Gather at COP22 for Public Event Mission Innovation Ministers Gather at COP22 for Public Event November 14, 2016 - 9:21am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov Marrakesh - Mission Innovation countries came together today here at the UN climate change conference, otherwise known as COP22, to report on developments one year on from its launch. Finland and the Netherlands were welcomed as the most recent members to join this global

  19. Grinding away

    SciTech Connect

    Korz, T.

    2009-03-15

    Coal preparation in gasification plants is all too often neglected. The coal gasification industry has experienced enormous growth over the last few years and consequently the demand of coal grinding and drying has also increased. The design and development of coal mills has taken great strides since the first coal grinding plant was delivered to an IGCC power plant in Buggenum, Netherlands. The article describes a typical flow sheet for a coal gasification plant with a possibility of feeding the mill with different types of materials besides coal. 5 figs.

  20. Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 2: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 Using data for the first seven months of 2012, Norway has the highest plug-in car market share at 2.55%. The Netherlands has the second highest plug-in market share (0.59%) and despite its small size, accounts for 16.1% of all plug-ins sold in Western Europe (see pie chart). France accounted for 22.3% of Western European plug-in car sales,

  1. DNA

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    drives achievement in protein structure research September 15, 2014 Computational analysis key to structural understanding of molecular machine that targets viral DNA LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 15, 2014-When this week's print issue of the journal Science comes out, a collective cheer will go up from New Mexico, Montana and even the Netherlands, thanks to the type of collaborative effort that is more and more the norm in these connected times. Yes, the research was brilliant, and if we're lucky, it

  2. IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Elam, Carolyn C.

    2001-12-01

    The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

  3. Assessment of RELAP5/MOD2 against a natural circulation experiment in Nuclear Power Plant Borssele. International Agreement Report

    SciTech Connect

    Winters, L.

    1993-07-01

    As part of the ICAP (International Code Assessment and Applications Program) agreement between ECN (Netherlands Energy Research Foundation) and USNRC, ECN has performed a number of assessment calculations for the thermohydraulic system analysis code RELAP5/MOD2/36.05. This document describes the assessment of this computer program versus a natural circulation experiment as conducted at the Borssele Nuclear Power Plant. The results of this comparison show that the code RELAP5/MOD2 predicts well the natural circulation behaviour of Nuclear Power Plant Borssele.

  4. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and the USSR. Volume 3. 1990 international review

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 29 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Denmark/Greenland, Spain, Portugal, Luxembourg, The United Kingdom, and Ireland); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Austria, and Switzerland); Malta; the 8 Centrally Planned Economies of Eastern Europe (the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria); and the USSR.

  5. Numerical Prediction of Experimentally Observed Behavior of a Scale Model of an Offshore Wind Turbine Supported by a Tension-Leg Platform: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Prowell, I.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Stewart, G. M.; Goupee, A. J.

    2013-01-01

    Realizing the critical importance the role physical experimental tests play in understanding the dynamics of floating offshore wind turbines, the DeepCwind consortium conducted a one-fiftieth-scale model test program where several floating wind platforms were subjected to a variety of wind and wave loading condition at the Maritime Research Institute Netherlands wave basin. This paper describes the observed behavior of a tension-leg platform, one of three platforms tested, and the systematic effort to predict the measured response with the FAST simulation tool using a model primarily based on consensus geometric and mass properties of the test specimen.

  6. 20th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference (Portland, OR) -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    JCAP th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference (Portland, OR) 20th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference (Portland, OR) Tue, Jun 14, 2016 2:30pm 14:30 Thu, Jun 16, 2016 3:30pm 15:30 Portland, OR USA Joel Haber, "Development of solar fuels photoanodes through combinatorial integration of Ni-La-Co-Ce oxide and Ni-Fe-Co-Ce oxide catalysts on BiVO4" June 13 Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies (Leiden, The Netherlands) July 9 Gordon Research Seminar on

  7. Initial testing of a variable-stroke Stirling engine

    SciTech Connect

    Thieme, L.G.

    1985-02-01

    In support of the US Department of Energy's Stirling Engine Highway Vehicle Systems Program, NASA Lewis Research Center is evaluating variable-stroke control for Stirling engines. The engine being tested is the Advenco Stirling engine; this engine was manufactured by Philips Research Laboratories of the Netherlands and uses a variable-angle swash-plate drive to achieve variable stroke operation. This report describes the engine, presents initial steady-state test data taken at Lewis, and describes a major drive system failure and subsequent modifications. Computer simulation results are presented to show potential part-load efficiency gains with variable-stroke control.

  8. U.S. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Imports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    2 3 1 250 314 255 1993-2016 Ecuador 2007-2007 Non OPEC* 2 3 1 250 314 255 2004-2016 Argentina 2006-2006 Belgium 2012-2012 Brazil 250 314 255 2004-2016 Canada 2 3 1 2004-2016 China 2006-2006 Congo (Brazzaville) 2006-2006 Costa Rica 2004-2013 El Salvador 2004-2013 Guatemala 2012-2014 Jamaica 2004-2013 Netherlands 2006-2014 Nicaragua 2012-2014 Pakistan 2006-2006 Singapore 2014-2014 Trinidad and Tobago 2005-2011 Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2007-2009

  9. Spectroscopy of complex molecular systems: Physics on an exciton cake-walk

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    | MIT-Harvard Center for Excitonics of complex molecular systems: Physics on an exciton cake-walk November 29, 2011 at 3pm/36-428 Jasper Knoester Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Netherlands j_knoester Abstract: The concept of excitons, collective excited states, is well-known in solid-state physics. It was first developed by Frenkel in the 1930's to explain the absorption spectrum of perfect molecular crystals, in which case the excitons are simple Bloch

  10. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on the implementation of ALARA at nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect

    Khan, T.A.; Roecklein, A.K.

    1995-03-01

    This report contains the papers presented and the discussions that took place at the Third International Workshop on ALARA Implementation at Nuclear Power Plants, held in Hauppauge, Long Island, New York from May 8--11, 1994. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together scientists, engineers, health physicists, regulators, managers and other persons who are involved with occupational dose control and ALARA issues. The countries represented were: Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. The workshop was organized into twelve sessions and three panel discussions. Individual papers have been cataloged separately.

  11. Aquifer thermal energy (heat and chill) storage

    SciTech Connect

    Jenne, E.A.

    1992-11-01

    As part of the 1992 Intersociety Conversion Engineering Conference, held in San Diego, California, August 3--7, 1992, the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program coordinated five sessions dealing specifically with aquifer thermal energy storage technologies (ATES). Researchers from Sweden, The Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Canada, and the United States presented papers on a variety of ATES related topics. With special permission from the Society of Automotive Engineers, host society for the 1992 IECEC, these papers are being republished here as a standalone summary of ATES technology status. Individual papers are indexed separately.

  12. Argonne National Laboratory Research Highlights 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    The research and development highlights are summarized. The world's brightest source of X-rays could revolutionize materials research. Test of a prototype insertion device, a key in achieving brilliant X-ray beams, have given the first glimpse of the machine's power. Superconductivity research focuses on the new materials' structure, economics and applications. Other physical science programs advance knowledge of material structures and properties, nuclear physics, molecular structure, and the chemistry and structure of coal. New programming approaches make advanced computers more useful. Innovative approaches to fighting cancer are being developed. More experiments confirm the passive safety of Argonne's Integral Fast Reactor concept. Device simplifies nuclear-waste processing. Advanced fuel cell could provide better mileage, more power than internal combustion engine. New instruments find leaks in underground pipe, measure sodium impurities in molten liquids, detect flaws in ceramics. New antibody findings may explain ability to fight many diseases. Cadmium in cigarettes linked to bone loss in women. Programs fight deforestation in Nepal. New technology could reduce acid rain, mitigate greenhouse effect, enhance oil recovery. Innovative approaches transfer Argonne-developed technology to private industry. Each year Argonne educational programs reach some 1200 students.

  13. Compilation and analyses of emissions inventories for NOAA`s atmospheric chemistry project. Progress report, August 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Benkovitz, C.M.; Mubaraki, M.A.

    1997-09-01

    Global inventories of anthropogenic emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) for circa 1985 and 1990 and Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds (NMVOCs) for circa 1990 have been compiled by this project. Work on the inventories has been carried out under the umbrella of the Global Emissions Inventory Activity (GEIA) of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Program. The 1985 NO{sub x} inventory was compiled using default data sets of global emissions that were refined via the use of more detailed regional data sets; this inventory is being distributed to the scientific community at large as the GEIA Version 1A inventory. Global emissions of NO{sub x} for 1985 are estimated to be 21 Tg N y{sup -1}, with approximately 84% originating in the Northern Hemisphere. The 1990 inventories of NO{sub x} and NMVOCs were compiled using unified methodologies and data sets in collaboration with the Netherlands National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection (Rijksinstituut Voor Volksgezondheid en Milieuhygiene, RIVM) and the Division of Technology for Society of the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, (IMW-TNO); these emissions will be used as the default estimates to be updated with more accurate regional data. The NMVOC inventory was gridded and speciated into 23 chemical categories.

  14. The greening of party politics in western Europe: Environmentalism, economics, and partisan orientations in four nations

    SciTech Connect

    Rohrschneider, R.

    1989-01-01

    This research is guided by two overarching questions. First, why do publics in West European nations support environmental organizations And second, what is the effect of environmental group support on economically based partisan orientations In order to address these questions, we analyze public opinion surveys (1982-1986) in Germany, France, Great Britain and the Netherlands. The findings suggest that European publics give considerable support to environmental organizations in these four nations. The two factors which are particularly strongly related to environmental group support are post material value priorities and the perception of national pollutions problems. Moreover, environmentalism is integrated into a well structured schema which guides the evaluation of environmentally related information. Considerable variations across national emerge in regard to the link between citizens' partisanship and environmental group support. In Germany and the Netherlands, environmentalism provides the basis for new partisan cleavage- Individuals who evaluate environmental groups favorably are much more likely to support New left or Old left parties. In contrast to these two nations, citizens' partisanship in France and Great Britain is dominated by economic policy positions; environmental group support is only weakly linked to individuals' partisan choice. These findings suggest that environmentalism will be an important influence on European public opinion and party systems in the foreseeable future.

  15. (Environmental impact assessment as applied to policies, plans and programs)

    SciTech Connect

    Sigal, L.L.

    1990-10-19

    A proposal to study the application of the principles of environmental impact assessment (EIA) to policy, plans, and programs was submitted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the Senior Advisors on Environmental and Water Problems of the United Nations Economic Commission. On approval, EPA asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to support its efforts as lead participant on an international task force. ORNL is responsible for overall project management, including development of the report. At the first meeting in Geneva on June 18--19, there were representatives from Austria, Canada, Finland, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The administrative/legal setting for EIA in each country was reviewed. The objectives of the task force were defined, and issues related to the application of EIA at the policy level were discussed. At the second meeting, in addition to those countries represented at the first meeting the Commission of Economic Communities, Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, Remark, Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, and The Netherlands were represented. A brief review was given by the new participants of legal/administrative requirements for EIA in their countries. Case studies were presented by Canada, Finland, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United States.

  16. Comparison of personal radio frequency electromagnetic field exposure in different urban areas across Europe

    SciTech Connect

    Joseph, Wout; University of Basel ; Thuroczy, Gyoergy; French National Institute for Industrial Environment and Risks , Verneuil en Halatte ; Gajsek, Peter; Trcek, Tomaz; Bolte, John; Vermeeren, Guenter; University of Basel ; Juhasz, Peter; Finta, Viktoria

    2010-10-15

    Background: Only limited data are available on personal radio frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure in everyday life. Several European countries performed measurement studies in this area of research. However, a comparison between countries regarding typical exposure levels is lacking. Objectives: To compare for the first time mean exposure levels and contributions of different sources in specific environments between different European countries. Methods: In five countries (Belgium, Switzerland, Slovenia, Hungary, and the Netherlands), measurement studies were performed using the same personal exposure meters. The pooled data were analyzed using the robust regression on order statistics (ROS) method in order to allow for data below the detection limit. Mean exposure levels were compared between different microenvironments such as homes, public transports, or outdoor. Results: Exposure levels were of the same order of magnitude in all countries and well below the international exposure limits. In all countries except for the Netherlands, the highest total exposure was measured in transport vehicles (trains, car, and busses), mainly due to radiation from mobile phone handsets (up to 97%). Exposure levels were in general lower in private houses or flats than in offices and outdoors. At home, contributions from various sources were quite different between countries. Conclusions: Highest total personal RF-EMF exposure was measured inside transport vehicles and was well below international exposure limits. This is mainly due to mobile phone handsets. Mobile telecommunication can be considered to be the main contribution to total RF-EMF exposure in all microenvironments.

  17. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility Operation quarterly report July 1 - September 30, 2010.

    SciTech Connect

    Sisterson, D. L.

    2010-10-26

    individual instrument uptime. Thus, the average percentage of data in the Archive represents the average percentage of the time (24 hours per day, 92 days for this quarter) that the instruments were operating this quarter. Table 1 shows the accumulated maximum operation time (planned uptime), actual hours of operation, and variance (unplanned downtime) for the period July 1-September 30, 2010, for the fixed sites. Because the AMF operates episodically, the AMF statistics are reported separately and not included in the aggregate average with the fixed sites. This fourth quarter comprises a total of 2208 possible hours for the fixed and mobile sites. The average of the fixed sites exceeded our goal this quarter. The Site Access Request System is a web-based database used to track visitors to the fixed and mobile sites, all of which have facilities that can be visited. The NSA locale has the Barrow and Atqasuk sites. The SGP site has historically had a Central Facility, 23 extended facilities, 4 boundary facilities, and 3 intermediate facilities. Beginning in the second quarter of FY2010, the SGP began a transition to a smaller footprint (150 km x 150 km) by rearranging the original instrumentation and new instrumentation made available through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The Central Facility and 4 extended facilities will remain, but there will be up to 12 new surface characterization facilities, 4 radar facilities, and 3 profiler facilities sited in the smaller domain. This new configuration will provide observations at scales more appropriate to current and future climate models. The transition to the smaller footprint is ongoing through this quarter. The TWP locale has the Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites. These sites will also have expanded measurement capabilities with the addition of new instrumentation made available through ARRA funds. It is anticipated that the new instrumentation at all the fixed sites will be in place by the end of

  18. Centrifuge modeling of LNAPL transport in partially saturated sand

    SciTech Connect

    Esposito, G.; Allersma, H.G.B.; Selvadurai, A.P.S.

    1999-12-01

    Model tests were performed at the Geotechnical Centrifuge Facility of Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, to examine the mechanics of light nonaqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) movement in a partially saturated porous granular medium. The experiment simulated a 2D spill of LNAPL in an unsaturated sand prepared at two values of porosity. The duration of the centrifuge model tests corresponded to a prototype equivalent of 110 days. The choice of modeling a 2D flow together with the use of a transparent container enabled direct visual observation of the experiments. Scaling laws developed in connection with other centrifuge modeling studies were used to support the test results. Tests were conducted at two different centrifuge accelerations to verify, by means of the modeling of models technique, the similitude between the different experiments. The paper presents details of the experimental methodologies and the measuring techniques used to evaluate the final distribution of water and LNAPL content in the soils.

  19. Design features of first of its kind AFBC high pressure boiler for Kutch lignite fuel in Gujarat, India

    SciTech Connect

    Mokashi, A.; Diwakar, K.W.

    1998-07-01

    Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd. (GHCL) of Gujarat State in India is one of the largest manufacturers of Soda Ash with modern technology from Akzo of the Netherlands. GHCL with earlier experience in firing lignite on a travagrate boiler and with a converted fluidized bed boiler has very clearly identified the problem area for review, and with that rich experience awarded a contract to Thermax Babcock and Wilcox Ltd. (TBW), Pune, India. Accordingly, a boiler has been designed to suit Kutch Lignite and coal with AFBC technology. This paper discusses the complete design of the boiler, effects of Kutch Lignite, its composition, thermal efficiency on coal as well as lignite, various performance parameters and guarantees, sizing arrangements of pressure parts, feeding arrangement and specially designed fluidizing bed combustor, various instrumentation and control loops. This paper discusses all the above features of this high-pressure boiler which can be an ideal boiler for the Kutch lignite fuel.

  20. Trial operation of a phosphoric acid fuel cell (PC25) for CHP applications in Europe

    SciTech Connect

    Uhrig, M.; Droste, W.; Wolf, D.

    1996-12-31

    In Europe, ten 200 kW phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFCs) produced by ONSI (PC25) are currently in operation. Their operators collaborate closely in the European Fuel Cell Users Group (EFCUG). The experience gained from trial operation by the four German operators - HEAG, HGW/HEW, Thyssengas and Ruhrgas - coincides with that of the other European operators. This experience can generally be regarded as favourable. With a view to using fuel cells in combined heat and power generation (CHP), the project described in this report, which was carried out in cooperation with the municipal utility of Bochum and Gasunie of the Netherlands, aimed at gaining experience with the PC 25 in field operation under the specific operating conditions prevailing in Europe. The work packages included heat-controlled operation, examination of plant behavior with varying gas properties and measurement of emissions under dynamic load conditions. The project received EU funding under the JOULE programme.

  1. Development of a polymer fuel cell system for naval surface ship applications

    SciTech Connect

    Schmal, D.; Kluiters, C.E.; Barendregt, I.P.

    1996-12-31

    In the framework of the development of new generations of surface ships, the Royal Netherlands Navy is studying the option of the all-electric ship concept. Background is the growing demand of electric power on board of naval ships for various services (including weapons and sensors). Important features of such an all-electric ship concept are decentralized electric energy generation and storage. In such an all-electric ship concept, fuel cells are expected to play an important role in the future, not only for reasons of energy efficiency and low emissions, but also because of their potential military advantages. Especially polymer electrolyte fuel cell systems appear to be very interesting for this application.

  2. Proceedings of the ninth annual underground coal gasification symposium

    SciTech Connect

    Wieber, P.R.; Martin, J.W.; Byrer, C.W.

    1983-12-01

    The Ninth Underground Coal Gasification Symposium was held August 7 to 10, 1983 at the Indian Lakes Resort and Conference Center in Bloomingdale, Illinois. Over one-hundred attendees from industry, academia, National Laboratories, State Government, and the US Government participated in the exchange of ideas, results and future research plans. Representatives from six countries including France, Belgium, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, West Germany, and Brazil also participated by presenting papers. Fifty papers were presented and discussed in four formal sessions and two informal poster sessions. The presentations described current and future field testing plans, interpretation of field test data, environmental research, laboratory studies, modeling, and economics. All papers were processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

  3. Westinghouse 100 kWe SOFC demonstration status

    SciTech Connect

    Veyo, S.

    1996-12-31

    The world`s first 100 kWe class Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) power generation system is being supplied by Westinghouse and is sponsored by EDB/ELSAM, a consortium of Dutch and Danish utilities. This natural gas fueled experimental field unit will be installed near Arnhem, The Netherlands, at an auxiliary district heating plant. The module utilizes tubular Air Electrode Supported SOFCs. The system will achieve an electrical generation efficiency of 49%, and this combined with recovery of heat for district heating can yield an overall fuel effectiveness approaching 80%. Significant progress toward reduction of CO{sub 2}, a greenhouse gas, will be obtained, and the system will be environmentally benign.

  4. Development of advanced concepts for DIR-MCFC cogeneration applications in the European Market

    SciTech Connect

    Kortbeek, P.J.; Ottervanger, R.G.; Dicks, A.L.

    1996-12-31

    Early 1996 a three year (1996 - 1998) joint European project was launched under the name {open_quote}Advanced DIR-MCFC Development{close_quote}, aiming at the development of Direct Internal Reforming (DIR) Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) systems for cogeneration applications for the European market. In this project participate: Brandstofcel Nederland BV (BCN), British Gas pic (BG), Gaz de France (GDF), Netherlands Energy Research foundation (ECN), Stork, Royal Schelde and Sydkraft AB. The European Fuel Cell User Group (EFCUG) supports the project as an advisory board. Whereas the US and Japanese programmes are aimed at large-scale demonstrations of the MCFC technology, this project focusses on the development of concepts and technology, required for MCFC systems that will be competative on the cogeneration market. The project partners provide the essential expertise: from end-user, system engineering, stack development up to fundamental material research.

  5. International energy outlook. Volume 2. Europe (including USSR)

    SciTech Connect

    Jablonski, D.M.

    1982-01-01

    Europe, like the rest of the globe, still is reeling from the blows of energy crises. European countries are finding energy a critical bottom line to their development and future well-being. To reduce energy dependency and improve fiscal balance, the countries are placing increasing emphasis on exploiting their indigenous energy sources. This volume, Volume 2 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining energy trends and related data in 10 European countries: France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, West Germany, Yugoslvania and the Soviet Union. The range and detail of country coverage vary, dut to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations, its main emphasis is on the future, including estimates of future production and consumption, and descriptions of energy-development plans. The countries not endowed with large petroleum resources are moving toward non-oil sources. 5 references, 65 tables.

  6. Design and experimental results for the S814 airfoil

    SciTech Connect

    Somers, D.M. [Airfoils, Inc., State College, PA (United States)

    1997-01-01

    A 24-percent-thick airfoil, the S814, for the root region of a horizontal-axis wind-turbine blade has been designed and analyzed theoretically and verified experimentally in the low-turbulence wind tunnel of the Delft University of Technology Low Speed Laboratory, The Netherlands. The two primary objectives of high maximum lift, insensitive to roughness, and low profile drag have been achieved. The constraints on the pitching moment and the airfoil thickness have been satisfied. Comparisons of the theoretical and experimental results show good agreement with the exception of maximum lift which is overpredicted. Comparisons with other airfoils illustrate the higher maximum lift and the lower profile drag of the S814 airfoil, thus confirming the achievement of the objectives.

  7. The shell coal gasification process

    SciTech Connect

    Koenders, L.O.M.; Zuideveld, P.O.

    1995-12-01

    Future Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle (ICGCC) power plants will have superior environmental performance and efficiency. The Shell Coal Gasification Process (SCGP) is a clean coal technology, which can convert a wide range of coals into clean syngas for high efficiency electricity generation in an ICGCC plant. SCGP flexibility has been demonstrated for high-rank bituminous coals to low rank lignites and petroleum coke, and the process is well suited for combined cycle power generation, resulting in efficiencies of 42 to 46% (LHV), depending on choice of coal and gas turbine efficiency. In the Netherlands, a 250 MWe coal gasification combined cycle plant based on Shell technology has been built by Demkolec, a development partnership of the Dutch Electricity Generating Board (N.V. Sep). The construction of the unit was completed end 1993 and is now followed by start-up and a 3 year demonstration period, after that the plant will be part of the Dutch electricity generating system.

  8. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States. 2007 - 2012

    SciTech Connect

    Vitina, Aisma; Luers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabo, Leif I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arantegui, Roberto; Hand, M. Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-12

    This report builds from a similar previous analysis (Schwabe et al., 2011) exploring the differences in cost of wind energy in 2008 among countries participating in IEA Wind Task 26 at that time. The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) is a widely recognized metric for understanding how technology, capital investment, operations, and financing impact the life-cycle cost of building and operating a wind plant. Schwabe et al. (2011) apply a spreadsheet-based cash flow model developed by the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) to estimate LCOE. This model is a detailed, discounted cash flow model used to represent the various cost structures in each of the participating countries from the perspective of a financial investor in a domestic wind energy project. This model is used for the present analysis as well, and comparisons are made for those countries who contributed to both reports, Denmark, Germany, and the United States.

  9. 2015 Uranium Marketing Annual Report

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration / 2015 Uranium Marketing Annual Report 2015 Uranium Marketing Annual Report Release Date: May 24, 2016 Next Release Date: May 2017 thousand separative work units (SWU) Country of enrichment service (SWU-origin) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 China W W W 636 W France W 0 0 0 0 Germany 1,539 1,075 753 1,005 1,281 Netherlands 1,506 1,496 2,112 1,801 2,385 Russia 5,308 6,560 2,491 3,083 2,234 United Kingdom 2,813 2,648 2,674 2,435 2,522 Europe 1 670 W 0 W 0 Other 2

  10. Tubular SOFC and SOFC/Gas Turbine combined cycles-status and prospects

    SciTech Connect

    Veyo, S.E.; Lundberg, W.L.

    1996-12-31

    Presently under fabrication at Westinghouse for EDB/ELSAM, a consortium of Dutch and Danish utilities, is the world`s first 100 kWe Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) power generation system. This natural gas fueled experimental field unit will be installed near Arnhem, The Netherlands, at an auxiliary district heating plant (Hulp Warmte Centrale) at the Rivierweg in Westervoort, a site provided by NUON, one of the Dutch participants, and will supply ac power to the utility grid and hot water to the district heating system serving the Duiven/Westervoort area. The electrical generation efficiency of this simple cycle atmospheric pressure system will approach 50%. The analysis of conceptual designs for larger capacity systems indicates that the horizon for the efficiency of simple cycle atmospheric pressure units is about 55%.

  11. Sixth biennial wind energy conference and workshop

    SciTech Connect

    Glenn, B.H.

    1984-01-01

    This book presents the papers given at the Sixth Biennial Wind Energy Conference and Workshop held in Minneapolis/St. Paul in 1983. Topics considered include the US wind energy program (e.g., the vertical axis wind turbine program, the SERI program), international wind energy programs (e.g., Netherlands, UK, Norway), large wind systems (e.g. Mod-2 wind turbine development), small wind systems (e.g. wind powered heating systems), vertical axis wind systems (e.g. advanced Darrieus wind turbines), advanced concepts (e.g. giromill rotors), community and wind farm applications (e.g. utility-owned wind turbines), aerodynamics and wakes, wind characteristics, wind turbine performance and testing, safety and environment, stand-alone systems, dynamic analysis, utility interconnection, and other applications and considerations such as the double output induction generator.

  12. Technologies and Policies to Improve Energy Efficiency in Industry

    SciTech Connect

    Price, Lynn; Price, Lynn

    2008-03-01

    The industrial sector consumes nearly 40% of annual global primary energy use and is responsible for a similar share of global energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Many studies and actual experience indicate that there is considerable potential to reduce the amount of energy used to manufacture most commodities, concurrently reducing CO2 emissions. With the support of strong policies and programs, energy-efficient technologies and measures can be implemented that will reduce global CO2 emissions. A number of countries, including the Netherlands, the UK, and China, have experience implementing aggressive programs to improve energy efficiency and reduce related CO2 emissions from industry. Even so, there is no silver bullet and all options must be pursued if greenhouse gas emissions are to be constrained to the level required to avoid significant negative impacts from global climate change.

  13. Assessment of RELAP5/MOD2 against ECN-reflood experiments. International Agreement Report

    SciTech Connect

    Woudstra, A.; Van De Bogaard, J.P.A.; Stoop, P.M.

    1993-07-01

    As part of the ICAP (International Code Assessment and Applications Program) agreement between ECN (Netherlands Energy Research Foundation) and USNRC, ECN has performed a number of assessment calculations with the computer program RELAP5. This report describes the results as obtained by ECN from the assessment of the thermohydraulic computer program RELAP5/MOD2/CY 36.05 versus a series of reflood experiments in a bundle geometry. A total number of seven selected experiments have been analyzed, from the reflood experimental program as previously conducted by ECN under contract of the Commission of the European Communities (CEC). In this document, the results of the analyses are presented and a comparison with the experimental data is provided.

  14. Reducing Duration of Refueling Outage by Optimizing Core Design and Shuffling Sequence

    SciTech Connect

    Wakker, P.H.; Verhagen, F.C.M.; Bloois, J.T. van; Sutton, W.R. III

    2005-07-15

    Reducing the duration of refueling outage is possible by optimizing the core design and the shuffling sequence. For both options software tools have been developed that have been applied to the three most recent cycles of the Borssele plant in the Netherlands. Applicability of the shuffling sequence optimization to boiling water reactors has been demonstrated by a comparison to a recent shuffle plan used in the Hatch plant located in the United States. Their uses have shown that both core design and shuffling sequence optimization can be exploited to reduce the time needed for reloading a core with an in-core shuffling scheme. Ex-core shuffling schemes for pressurized water reactors can still have substantial benefit from a core design using a minimized number of insert shuffles.

  15. Global Volunteer Observing Ship (VOS) Program Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    CDIAC provides data management support for the Global Volunteer Observing Ship (VOS) Program. The VOS project is coordinated by the UNESCO International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP). The international groups from 14 countries have been outfitting research ships and commercial vessels with automated CO2 sampling equipment to analyze the carbon exchange between the ocean and atmosphere. [copied from http://cdiac.ornl.gov/oceans/genInfo.html] CDIAC provides a map interface with the shipping routes of the 14 countries involved marked in different colors. Clicking on the ship's name on that route brings up information about the vessel, the kinds of measurements collected and the timeframe, links to project pages, and, most important, the links to the data files themselves. The 14 countries are: United States, United Kingdom, Japan, France, Germany, Australia, Canada, Spain, Norway, New Zealand, China (including Taiwan), Iceland, and the Netherlands. Both archived and current, underway data can be accessed from the CDIAC VOS page.

  16. Address to the international workshop on greenhouse gas mitigation, technologies and measures

    SciTech Connect

    Kant, A.

    1996-12-31

    The Netherlands has a long history in combatting natural forces for it`s mere survival and even creation. Around half of the country was not Yet existent around 2000 years ago: it was still below sea level that time. Building dikes and the discovery of eolic energy applied in windmills, allowing to pump water from one side of the dike to the other, are technologies that gradually shaped the country into its current form, a process that continues to materialize till the present day. Water has not always been an enemy of the country. In the Hundred Year War with Spain, during which the country was occupied territory for most of the time, the water was used to drive the Spanish armies from the country. As large parts are well below sea level breaking the dikes resulted in flooding the country which made the armoury of the Spanish army useless. In this way they had to give up the siege of several major Dutch cities that time. These events marked the gradual liberation of the Dutch territory. Consequently, in the discussion on adaption and prevention of the greenhouse effect the Netherlands has a clear stand. The greenhouse effect will occur anyway, even if countries deploy all possible counter measures at once. So their aim is to prevent the occurrence of the greenhouse effect to the highest extent possible, and to protect the most vulnerable areas meanwhile, especially the coastal zones. In order to reach these goals the Dutch government has established a Joint Implementation Experimental Programme in accordance with the provisions made by the Conference of Parties in Berlin (1995).

  17. Metals in Past Societies: A Global Perspective on Indigenous African Metallurgy Shadreck Chirikure

    SciTech Connect

    Devanathan, Ram

    2015-10-01

    This slim book (166 pages) shines a spotlight on pre-industrial African metallurgy, its global connections, and anthropological implications. It integrates seemingly disparate disciplines, such as history, geology, ethnography, archeology, and metallurgy, to illustrate the diversity and innovation in metallurgy across Africa and the role of metals in the rise of socio-economic inequalities and political power. The book has 7 chapters and the focus on metals as enablers of human needs and wants is evident in each chapter. The first chapter presents the context of the work and data sources. The second chapter focuses on the origin and development of mining and metallurgy in pre-industrial Africa. Chapter 3 is dedicated to the interaction of nature and culture in the process of mining. Chapter 4 deals with the transformation of the ore into metal by smelting and the sociocultural aspects of this process. Chapter 5 explores the social and cultural roles acquired by metals as a result of fabrication into objects. Chapter 6 examines the social role of metals, trade in metals, cultural contact, proto-globalization, and technology transfer. Finally, Chapter 7 draws lessons for global anthropology from the African experience. The sources of information are adequately cited and the long list of references at the end of each chapter will be a boon to researchers in this field. The author highlights the cultural aspects and social context of the adoption of metallurgy in Africa while drawing parallels between practices in pre-industrial Africa and those in other parts of the world. The book is peppered with delightful vignettes that offer insights into the process of transforming nature into culturally significant objects. For instance, African miners, like their counterparts in Nepal and Latin America, called upon deities, spirits and ancestors to mediate between nature and humans. Women had distinct roles in this process, but there were variations in these roles and in the

  18. COMPILATION AND ANALYSES OF EMISSIONS INVENTORIES FOR THE NOAA ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY PROJECT. PROGRESS REPORT, AUGUST 1997.

    SciTech Connect

    BENKOVITZ,C.M.

    1997-09-01

    Global inventories of anthropogenic emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) for circa 1985 and 1990 and Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds (NMVOCs) for circa 1990 have been compiled by this project. Work on the inventories has been carried out under the umbrella of the Global Emissions Inventory Activity (GEIA) of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Program. The 1985 NO{sub x} inventory was compiled using default data sets of global emissions that were refined via the use of more detailed regional data sets; this inventory is being distributed to the scientific community at large as the GEIA Version 1A inventory. Global emissions of NO{sub x} for 1985 are estimated to be 21 Tg N y{sup -1}, with approximately 84% originating in the Northern Hemisphere. The 1990 inventories of NO{sub x} and NMVOCs were compiled using unified methodologies and data sets in collaboration with the Netherlands National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection (Rijksinstituut Voor Volksgezondheid en Milieuhygiene, RIVM) and the Division of Technology for Society of the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, (IMW-TNO); these emissions will be used as the default estimates to be updated with more accurate regional data. The NMVOC inventory was gridded and speciated into 23 chemical categories. The resulting global emissions for 1990 are 31 Tg N yr{sup -1} for NO{sub x} and 173 Gg NMVOC yr{sup -1}. Emissions of NO{sub x} are highest in the populated and industrialized areas of eastern North America and across Europe, and in biomass burning areas of South America, Africa, and Asia. Emissions of NMVOCs are highest in biomass burning areas of South America, Africa, and Asia. The 1990 NO{sub x} emissions were gridded to 1{sup o} resolution using surrogate data, and were given seasonal, two-vertical-level resolution and speciated into NO and NO{sub 2} based on proportions derived from the 1985 GEIA Version 1B inventory. Global NMVOC

  19. Comparison of Oncentra® Brachy IPSA and graphical optimisation techniques: a case study of HDR brachytherapy head and neck and prostate plans

    SciTech Connect

    Jameson, Michael G; Ohanessian, Lucy; Batumalai, Vikneswary; Patel, Virendra; Holloway, Lois C

    2015-06-15

    There are a number of different dwell positions and time optimisation options available in the Oncentra® Brachy (Elekta Brachytherapy Solutions, Veenendaal, The Netherlands) brachytherapy treatment planning system. The purpose of this case study was to compare graphical (GRO) and inverse planning by simulated annealing (IPSA) optimisation techniques for interstitial head and neck (HN) and prostate plans considering dosimetry, modelled radiobiology outcome and planning time. Four retrospective brachytherapy patients were chosen for this study, two recurrent HN and two prostatic boosts. Manual GRO and IPSA plans were generated for each patient. Plans were compared using dose–volume histograms (DVH) and dose coverage metrics including; conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI) and conformity number (CN). Logit and relative seriality models were used to calculate tumour control probability (TCP) and normal tissue complication probability (NTCP). Approximate planning time was also recorded. There was no significant difference between GRO and IPSA in terms of dose metrics with mean CI of 1.30 and 1.57 (P > 0.05) respectively. IPSA achieved an average HN TCP of 0.32 versus 0.12 for GRO while for prostate there was no significant difference. Mean GRO planning times were greater than 75 min while average IPSA planning times were less than 10 min. Planning times for IPSA were greatly reduced compared to GRO and plans were dosimetrically similar. For this reason, IPSA makes for a useful planning tool in HN and prostate brachytherapy.

  20. Expected international demand for woody and herbaceous feedstock

    SciTech Connect

    Lamers, Patrick; Jacobson, Jacob; Mohammad, Roni; Wright, Christopher

    2015-03-01

    The development of a U.S. bioenergy market and ultimately ‘bioeconomy’ has primarily been investigated with a national focus. Limited attention has been given to the potential impacts of international market developments. The goal of this project is to advance the current State of Technology of a single biorefinery to the global level providing quantitative estimates on how international markets may influence the domestic feedstock supply costs. The scope of the project is limited to feedstock that is currently available and new crops being developed to be used in a future U.S. bioeconomy including herbaceous residues (e.g., corn stover), woody biomass (e.g., pulpwood), and energy crops (e.g., switchgrass). The timeframe is set to the periods of 2022, 2030, and 2040 to align with current policy targets (e.g., the RFS2) and future updates of the Billion Ton data. This particular milestone delivers demand volumes for generic woody and herbaceous feedstocks for the main (net) importing regions along the above timeframes. The regional focus of the study is the European Union (EU), currently the largest demand region for U.S. pellets made from pulpwood and forest residues. The pellets are predominantly used in large-scale power plants (>5MWel) in the United Kingdom (UK), the Netherlands (NL), Belgium (BE), and Denmark (DK).