National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for motor gasoline refiner

  1. ,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ...

  2. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 43....

  3. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales...

  4. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales...

  5. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 43....

  6. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  7. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  8. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  9. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    134 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  10. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    134 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  11. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  12. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 292 Energy...

  13. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  14. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  15. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  16. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    253.2 2,222.4 W W 206.4 134.3 - 340.7 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

  17. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    150.0 2,026.7 W W 234.5 161.7 - 396.3 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

  18. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    71.8 W 70.5 78.9 W 76.0 83.6 W 69.2 75.2 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

  19. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W 68.4 70.8 W W 78.6 W 85.7 81.8 W 69.3 73.8 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

  20. ,"U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ...

  1. Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon...

  2. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  3. Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon...

  4. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

  5. ,"Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)","New Mexico Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners ...87,16127.8,1684.4,1377.2,128.8,497.8,835.6,2030.3,1178.7,674.5,56.4,3.9,4678.6,764.1,9.3,1...

  6. Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3.3 3.4 7.9 3.3 W 11.3 See footnotes at end of table. 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 26 Energy Information Administration ...

  7. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    88.4 87.8 80.1 70.0 NA 72.6 See footnotes at end of table. 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 16 Energy Information Administration ...

  8. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5.7 5.9 4.4 12.9 NA 17.3 See footnotes at end of table. 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 18 Energy Information Administration ...

  9. Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    92.8 92.5 84.0 72.5 W 80.7 See footnotes at end of table. 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 24 Energy Information Administration ...

  10. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    87.4 86.9 78.3 68.5 W 70.8 See footnotes at end of table. 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 16 Energy Information Administration ...

  11. Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    92.4 92.1 83.7 74.1 W 80.9 See footnotes at end of table. 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 24 Energy Information Administration ...

  12. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    98.0 98.0 86.6 75.0 - 80.1 See footnotes at end of table. 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 20 Energy Information Administration ...

  13. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    94.0 93.9 83.2 73.8 - 79.3 See footnotes at end of table. 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 20 Energy Information Administration ...

  14. Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3.6 3.7 7.9 3.1 W 11.0 See footnotes at end of table. 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 26 Energy Information Administration ...

  15. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    NA 26.6 See footnotes at end of table. 14 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type...

  16. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    NA 27.4 See footnotes at end of table. 14 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type...

  17. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0.1 18.7 See footnotes at end of table. 18 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade...

  18. Prices of Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Product Sales Type: Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets Gasoline, All Grades - Other End Users Gasoline, All Grades ...

  19. Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    71.6 92.3 78.2 101.8 83.6 87.5 74.7 See footnotes at end of table. A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District, and State, 1984-Present 452 Energy Information...

  20. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    61.5 67.3 89.8 89.5 82.2 69.4 71.1 74.9 See footnotes at end of table. 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 12 Energy Information Administration ...

  1. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    35.2 213.6 9.5 9.8 12.9 16.6 NA 29.5 See footnotes at end of table. 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 14 Energy Information Administration ...

  2. Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W 5.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 - 0.9 See footnotes at end of table. 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 22 Energy Information Administration ...

  3. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    62.2 68.5 90.1 89.6 82.4 70.9 NA 75.9 See footnotes at end of table. 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 12 Energy Information Administration ...

  4. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    33.9 215.8 9.7 10.0 12.1 16.3 0.0 28.4 See footnotes at end of table. 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 14 Energy Information Administration ...

  5. Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - 4.9 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 - 0.7 See footnotes at end of table. 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 22 Energy Information Administration ...

  6. Motor gasolines, summer 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Dickson, C.L.; Woodward, P.W.

    1986-06-01

    Samples for this report were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, chemical companies, and research institutes. Analytical data for the 1571 motor gasoline and 206 motor gasoline/alcohol blend samples were submitted to the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, for reporting. This work is jointly funded by the American Petroleum Institute (API) and the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Project Office (DOE cooperative agreement No. FC22-83FE60149). The data are representative of the products of 62 marketers, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. They are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map shows the marketing areas, districts, and sampling locations. The report includes trend charts of selected properties of motor fuels over the last twenty-five years. Twelve octane distribution graphs for leaded and unleaded grades of gasoline are presented for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4. The average antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 of gasoline sold in the United States during June, July, and August 1985 was 87.4 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 88.8 for leaded below 93.0 grades of gasoline. Analyses of motor gasoline containing various alcohols are reported in separate tables beginning with this report. The average antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 of gasoline containing alcohols was 88.6 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.4 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 90.2 for leaded below 93.0 grades of gasoline. 16 figs., 8 tabs.

  7. Motor gasolines, summer 1983

    SciTech Connect

    Shelton, E.M.

    1984-02-01

    The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, chemical companies, and research institutes. The analytical data for 1583 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research, Bartlesville, Oklahoma for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0 grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.5 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.4 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 89.0 for leaded below 93.0 grades of gasoline. 16 figures, 5 tables.

  8. Motor gasolines, summer 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Shelton, E.M.

    1981-02-01

    Analytical data for 2062 samples of motor gasoline were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The anitknock (octane) index ((R + M)/2) averages of gasolines sold in this country were 87.8 for the unleaded below 90.0, 91.6 for the unleaded 90.0 and above, 88.9 for the regular, and 92.8 for the premium grades of gasoline.

  9. Motor gasolines, Summer 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Shelton, E.M.

    1983-03-01

    The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 796 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 22 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

  10. EIS-0039: Motor Gasoline Deregulation and the Gasoline Tilt

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Economic Regulatory Administration developed this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts, including social and economic impacts, that may result from either of two proposed regulatory changes: (1) the exemption of motor gasoline from the Department of Energy's Mandatory Petroleum Price and Allocation Regulations, and (2) the adoption of the gasoline tilt, a proposed regulation that would allow refiners to recover an additional amount of their total increased costs on gasoline.

  11. Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    retail outlets, e.g., sales to agricultural customers, commercial sales, and industrial sales. Source: Energy Information Administration Form EIA-782A, "Refiners'Gas...

  12. Motor gasolines, summer 1979

    SciTech Connect

    Shelton, E.M.

    1980-02-01

    Analytical data for 2401 samples of motor gasoline, from service stations throughout the country, were collected and analyzed under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center and the American Petroleum Institute. The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing areas and districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index ((R + M)/2) averages of gasoline sold in this country were 88.6, 89.3, and 93.7 unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasolines, respectively.

  13. Motor Gasoline Assessment, Spring 1997

    Reports and Publications

    1997-01-01

    Analyzes the factors causing the run up of motor gasoline prices during spring 1996 and the different market conditions during spring 1997 that caused prices to decline.

  14. Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets

    Annual Energy Outlook

    & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price...

  15. Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently, 1995

    Reports and Publications

    1996-01-01

    This article focuses on the costs of producing reformulated gasoline (RFG) as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate.

  16. ,"Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner ...

  17. Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995

    Reports and Publications

    1994-01-01

    Provisions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 designed to reduce ground-level ozone will increase the demand for reformulated motor gasoline in a number of U.S. metropolitan areas. This article discusses the effects of the new regulations on the motor gasoline market and the refining industry.

  18. Motor gasolines, winter 1981-1982

    SciTech Connect

    Shelton, E M

    1982-07-01

    Analytical data for 905 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 30 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.4 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 88.9 for leaded below 93.0. Only one sample was reported as 93.0 for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above.

  19. The motor gasoline industry: Past, present, and future. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    Motor gasoline constitutes the largest single component of US demand for petroleum products and is the Nation's most widely used transportation fuel. Because of its importance as a transportation fuel, motor gasoline has been the focus of several regulatory and tax policy initiatives in recent years. Much of the US refining capacity is specifically geared toward maximizing motor gasoline production, and future investments by the petroleum industry in refining infrastructure are likely to be made largely to produce larger volumes of clean motor gasoline. This report addresses major events and developments that have had an impact on motor gasoline supply, distribution, prices, and demand. The report provides historical perspective as well as analyses of important events from the 1970's and 1980's. Long-term forecasts are provided for the period from 1990 to 2010 in an effort to present and analyze possible future motor gasoline trends. Other forecasts examine the near-term impact of the invasion of Kuwait. 18 figs., 10 tabs.

  20. ,"Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices "

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices ",60,"Annual",2014,"6301984" ,"Release...

  1. ,"U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...www.eia.govdnavpetpetprirefmg2cnusepm0rdpgalm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information ... Reformulated Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Dollars per ...

  2. ,"U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...www.eia.govdnavpetpetprirefmg2cnusepm0udpgalm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information ... Conventional Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Dollars per ...

  3. ,"Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and ... "Date","U.S. Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...

  4. Motor gasoline assessment, Spring 1997

    SciTech Connect

    1997-07-01

    The springs of 1996 and 1997 provide an excellent example of contrasting gasoline market dynamics. In spring 1996, tightening crude oil markets pushed up gasoline prices sharply, adding to the normal seasonal gasoline price increases; however, in spring 1997, crude oil markets loosened and crude oil prices fell, bringing gasoline prices down. This pattern was followed throughout the country except in California. As a result of its unique reformulated gasoline, California prices began to vary significantly from the rest of the country in 1996 and continued to exhibit distinct variations in 1997. In addition to the price contrasts between 1996 and 1997, changes occurred in the way in which gasoline markets were supplied. Low stocks, high refinery utilizations, and high imports persisted through 1996 into summer 1997, but these factors seem to have had little impact on gasoline price spreads relative to average spread.

  5. Trends in motor gasolines: 1942-1981

    SciTech Connect

    Shelton, E M; Whisman, M L; Woodward, P W

    1982-06-01

    Trends in motor gasolines for the years of 1942 through 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. The surveys have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948. Various companies from throughout the country obtain samples from retail outlets, analyze the samples by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures, and report data to the Bartlesville center for compilation, tabulation, calculation, analysis and publication. A typical motor gasoline report covers 2400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots, and tables of test results from about a dozen different tests. From these data in 77 semiannual surveys, a summary report has thus been assembled that shows trends in motor gasolines throughout the entire era of winter 1942 to 1943 to the present. Trends of physical properties including octane numbers, antiknock ratings, distillation temperatures, Reid vapor pressure, sulfur and lead content are tabulated, plotted and discussed in the current report. Also included are trend effects of technological advances and the interactions of engine design, societal and political events and prices upon motor gasoline evolution during the 40 year period.

  6. U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Formulation Grade: Gasoline, Average Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional, Average Conventional Regular Conventional Midgrade Conventional Premium ...

  7. Motor Gasoline Market Model documentation report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Motor Gasoline Market Model (MGMM), describe its basic approach and to provide detail on model functions. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. The MGMM performs a short-term (6- to 9-month) forecast of demand and price for motor gasoline in the US market; it also calculates end of month stock levels. The model is used to analyze certain market behavior assumptions or shocks and to determine the effect on market price, demand and stock level.

  8. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 31. Motor...

  9. ,"Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)","New Mexico Conventional Gasoline Retail Sales by ...928.8,,587,12358.1,196,1145.9,128.8,497.8,,2030.3,,459.7,56.4,3.9,4678.6,764.1,9.3,1677.4,...

  10. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All...

  11. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All...

  12. Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per...

  13. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  14. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  15. Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - - - - - - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 116 Energy Information...

  16. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  17. Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per...

  18. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

  19. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  20. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - - - 64.7 64.7 - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

  1. Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  2. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  3. Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  4. Microsoft Word - Summer 2006 Motor Gasoline Prices.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Since November 2005, we had been forecasting monthly average 2006 motor gasoline prices to ... three basic elements: 1. Crude oil costs - the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude ...

  5. Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans

    Annual Energy Outlook

    MTBE has apparently been making its way from leaking underground storage tanks, gasoline spills, and two-stroke gasoline engines into surface and ground water. (For more ...

  6. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1995 Annual Averages Motor...

  7. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 3. U.S. Refiner Retail Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Retail Volumes 1997 Annual Averages Motor...

  8. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1997 Annual Averages Motor...

  9. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 3. U.S. Refiner Retail Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Retail Volumes 1995 Annual Averages Motor...

  10. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 3. U.S. Refiner Retail Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Retail Volumes 1996 Annual Averages Motor...

  11. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1996 Annual Averages Motor...

  12. Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans

    Reports and Publications

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending state bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year.

  13. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - 466.1 466.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information...

  14. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - 532.1 532.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information...

  15. Restructuring: The Changing Face of Motor Gasoline Marketing

    Reports and Publications

    2001-01-01

    This report reviews the U.S. motor gasoline marketing industry during the period 1990 to 1999, focusing on changes that occurred during the period. The report incorporates financial and operating data from the Energy Information Administration's Financial Reporting System (FRS), motor gasoline outlet counts collected by the National Petroleum News from the states, and U.S. Census Bureau salary and employment data published in County Business Patterns.

  16. Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... d Average pump price for regular gasoline. ... production, including fuel ethanol blended into ... -Hill Forecast CONTROL0301. Energy Information AdministrationShort-Term Energy ...

  17. Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    61.5 70.8 92.7 90.7 81.5 72.8 - 78.0 See footnotes at end of table. 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 146 Energy Information...

  18. Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    62.6 71.7 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 146 Energy Information...

  19. U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Product: Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) Kerosene No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate No. 2 Diesel Fuel No. 2 Diesel, Ultra Low-Sulfur No. 2 Diesel, ...

  20. Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    from a Barrel of Oil | Department of Energy 6: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil A standard U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of petroleum products come from refiner gains which result in an additional 6% of product. As shown in the figure below, a little more

  1. Motor Gasoline Consumption 2008 - Historical Perspective and Short-Term Projections

    Reports and Publications

    2008-01-01

    This report reviews how gasoline markets relate to population, income, prices, and the growing role of ethanol. It also analyzes the structural shift in motor gasoline markets that took place in the late 1990s.

  2. ,"U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",2,"Monthly","8/2016","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","11/1/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","12/1/2016" ,"Excel File

  3. MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline (Released in the STEO October 1999)

    Reports and Publications

    1999-01-01

    The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an increase in MTBE production between 1990 and 1994. MTBE demand increased from 83,000 in 1990 to 161,000 barrels per day in 1994. The reformulated gasoline (RFG) program provided a further boost to oxygenate blending. The MTBE contained in motor gasoline increased to 269,000 barrels per day by 1997.

  4. Air pollution EPA'S efforts to control gasoline vapors from motor vehicles

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This report examines ozone, often called smog, which is a respiratory irritant, and long-term exposure may cause permanent lung damage. Attempts by EPA to reduce gasoline vapors, a major contributor to ozone, by requiring refiners to lower the volatility (evaporation rate) of gasoline sold during the summer months when most high ozone levels occur and auto manufacturers to install vapor recovery equipment (onboard controls) on motor vehicles. Beginning in 1989 (Phase I), the maximum volatility of gasoline sold during the summer would fall to 10.5 pounds per square inch and beginning in 1992 (Phase II), the maximum volatility would fall to 9.0 pounds per square inch. EPA has not yet acted on Phase II reductions because it disagrees with the Department of Transportation on the dangers of adding onboard controls to vehicles. DOT believes the onboard controls may pose an increased risk of fire during crashes. In this report's view, the Stage II controls are a practical and feasible way to control refueling vapors and that onboard controls may well surpass the effectiveness of Phase II controls and therefore should not be abandoned as a way to reduce gasoline vapors.

  5. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  6. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  7. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  8. ,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","8/2016","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","11/1/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","12/1/2016" ,"Excel File

  9. Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Motor Gasoline Consumption Model

    Reports and Publications

    2011-01-01

    The motor gasoline consumption module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide forecasts of total U.S. consumption of motor gasolien based on estimates of vehicle miles traveled and average vehicle fuel economy.

  10. Assessment of Summer 1997 Motor Gasoline Price Increase

    Reports and Publications

    1998-01-01

    Assesses the 1997 late summer gasoline market and some of the important issues surrounding that event.

  11. Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    29,725.8 24,722.5 21,633.6 25,454.1 1983-2015 East Coast (PADD 1) 14,548.8 12,347.0 9,304.0 6,838.8 3,815.2 8,406.0 1994-2015 New England (PADD 1A) 1,424.3 1,070.8 W W W W ...

  12. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... 671.7 W W 4,806.5 W 10,260.9 671.7 739.0 4,560.6 5,564.5 1,030.1 11,155.1 June ... 679.4 W W 4,847.6 W 10,444.5 679.4...

  13. U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    49,797.6 44,697.0 39,002.1 29,725.8 24,722.5 21,633.6 1983-2014 Through Retail Outlets 47,969.1 43,083.2 37,534.7 28,037.9 23,021.9 19,926.2 1983-2014 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA...

  14. Prices of Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    552 1.725 1.869 1.961 1.804 1.754 1983

  15. Refiner and Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    935 9,498 9,837 9,824 10,456 10,152 1982

  16. Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    W W W W W W 1993-2016 Maine - - - - - - 1993-2016 Massachusetts W W W W W W 1993-2016 New Hampshire W W W W W W 1993-2016 Rhode Island W W W W W W 1993-2016 Vermont - - - - - - ...

  17. U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    25,220.5 25,860.0 25,967.6 26,711.1 26,333.6 26,532.9 1983-2016 Through Retail Outlets 24,951.7 25,586.3 25,715.3 26,432.4 26,101.4 26,248.0 1983-2016 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2016 DTW 23,415.5 23,708.7 23,650.1 23,557.3 23,349.9 23,924.9 1994-2016 Rack 254,975.6 259,805.5 260,438.5 268,329.3 267,255.4 267,091.5 1994-2016 Bulk 25,412.9 18,978.1 21,663.3 23,018.6 25,337.8 23,676.2

  18. Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008

    Reports and Publications

    2008-01-01

    This report focuses on the major factors that drove the widening difference between wholesale gasoline and crude oil prices in 2007 and explores how those factors might impact gasoline prices in 2008.

  19. Why Do Motor Gasoline Prices Vary Regionally? California Case Study

    Reports and Publications

    1998-01-01

    Analysis of the difference between the retail gasoline prices in California and the average U.S. retail prices.

  20. Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    began to decline, and with the transition from methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) to ethanol completed and the end of the summer driving season drawing near, gasoline prices...

  1. Assessment of Summer 1997 motor gasoline price increase

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    Gasoline markets in 1996 and 1997 provided several spectacular examples of petroleum market dynamics. The first occurred in spring 1996, when tight markets, following a long winter of high demand, resulted in rising crude oil prices just when gasoline prices exhibit their normal spring rise ahead of the summer driving season. Rising crude oil prices again pushed gasoline prices up at the end of 1996, but a warm winter and growing supplies weakened world crude oil markets, pushing down crude oil and gasoline prices during spring 1997. The 1996 and 1997 spring markets provided good examples of how crude oil prices can move gasoline prices both up and down, regardless of the state of the gasoline market in the United States. Both of these spring events were covered in prior Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports. As the summer of 1997 was coming to a close, consumers experienced yet another surge in gasoline prices. Unlike the previous increase in spring 1996, crude oil was not a factor. The late summer 1997 price increase was brought about by the supply/demand fundamentals in the gasoline markets, rather than the crude oil markets. The nature of the summer 1997 gasoline price increase raised questions regarding production and imports. Given very strong demand in July and August, the seemingly limited supply response required examination. In addition, the price increase that occurred on the West Coast during late summer exhibited behavior different than the increase east of the Rocky Mountains. Thus, the Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD) 5 region needed additional analysis (Appendix A). This report is a study of this late summer gasoline market and some of the important issues surrounding that event.

  2. Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale Contents * Introduction * Motor Gasoline Summer Volatility (RVP) Regulations o Table 1. Summer Volatility Regulations for Motor Gasoline o Table 2. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Figure 1. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Table 3. Price Relationship Between Normal Butane and Motor Gasoline o Table 4. Market Price Premium for Low Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline *

  3. EIA-878 Motor Gasoline Price Survey - Reference Guide

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Price Survey (EIA-878), prices are collected for the following gasoline grades as defined by octane rating and ethanol content (ranging from no ethanol through up to 10% ethanol). ...

  4. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    82.4 77.1 68.9 62.6 71.6 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information...

  5. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    82.5 75.1 68.6 62.0 70.7 92.7 90.7 81.5 72.8 - 78.0 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information...

  6. Monthly gasoline price to dip below $2 this winter

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monthly gasoline price to dip below $2 this winter The nationwide average price for gasoline is expected to fall below $2 per gallon in January, as refiners have switched over to making the less expensive winter gasoline blend and because seasonal motor fuel consumption is typically lower than during the summer months. In its new forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration estimates that gasoline demand in September alone hit a record high for that month and highway travel reached

  7. Proton NMR analysis of octane number for motor gasoline: Part IV

    SciTech Connect

    Ichikawa, M.; Nonaka, N.; Amano, H.; Takada, I.; Ishimori, S.; Andoh, H.; Kumamoto, K.

    1992-08-01

    Software for predicting the octane number of motor gasoline by proton magnetic resonance (PMR) spectrometry has been formulated. At the same time, a method has been studied to predict the composition of gasoline (in terms of the contents of paraffin, olefin, and aromatic compounds). The formulated program was evaluated by using it to predict the octane numbers of 31 samples of marketed summer gasoline (including 16 regular and 15 premium products), whose octane numbers and compositions were identified according to the ASTM standards. Also, the relationship between the PMR spectrum and gasoline composition was subjected to linear regression analysis by using the 31 samples whose octane numbers were calculated, and the appropriateness of the resultant regression equations was assessed. This report concerns the results of the study in which the octane numbers of the 31 samples were satisfactorily predicted by the formulated program and useful linear regression equation were obtained for the prediction of the composition of gasoline. 9 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

  8. Carbonyl Emissions from Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles

    SciTech Connect

    Destaillats, Hugo; Jakober, Chris A.; Robert, Michael A.; Riddle, Sarah G.; Destaillats, Hugo; Charles, M. Judith; Green, Peter G.; Kleeman, Michael J.

    2007-12-01

    Carbonyls from gasoline powered light-duty vehicles (LDVs) and heavy-duty diesel powered vehicles (HDDVs) operated on chassis dynamometers were measured using an annular denuder-quartz filter-polyurethane foam sampler with O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)hydroxylamine derivatization and chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses. Two internal standards were utilized based on carbonyl recovery, 4-fluorobenzaldehyde for_C8 compounds. Gas- and particle-phase emissions for 39 aliphatic and 20 aromatic carbonyls ranged from 0.1 ? 2000 ?g/L fuel for LDVs and 1.8 - 27000 mu g/L fuel for HDDVs. Gas-phase species accounted for 81-95percent of the total carbonyls from LDVs and 86-88percent from HDDVs. Particulate carbonyls emitted from a HDDV under realistic driving conditions were similar to concentrations measured in a diesel particulate matter (PM) standard reference material. Carbonyls accounted for 19percent of particulate organic carbon (POC) emissions from low-emission LDVs and 37percent of POC emissions from three-way catalyst equipped LDVs. This identifies carbonyls as one of the largest classes of compounds in LDV PM emissions. The carbonyl fraction of HDDV POC was lower, 3.3-3.9percent depending upon operational conditions. Partitioning analysis indicates the carbonyls had not achieved equilibrium between the gas- and particle-phase under the dilution factors of 126-584 used in the current study.

  9. Issues and Methods for Estimating the Percentage Share of Ethanol in Motor Gasoline

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ___________________________________________________________________________________ Direct all questions to: Tony Radich, anthony.radich@eia.gov, (202) 586-0504 or Sean Hill, sean.hill@eia.gov (202) 586-4247 Disclaimer: Views not necessarily those of the U.S. Energy Information Administration 1 Issues and Methods for Estimating the Share of Ethanol in the Motor Gasoline Supply U.S. Energy Information Administration October 6, 2011 This paper is released to encourage discussion and critical

  10. U.S. Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Gasoline, All Grades Sales to End Users (Average) 2.301 3.050 3.154 3.049 2.855 2.003 1978-2015 Through Retail Outlets 2.306 3.058 3.168 ...

  11. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Detailed Price and CV Report Motor Gasoline Prices & Coefficients of Variation Spreadsheet

  12. ,"U.S. Refiner Petroleum Product Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...AEPPRLPTGNUSDPG","EMAEPPRHPTGNUSDPG" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Dollars per Gallon)","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Dollars ...

  13. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1996 January ... 68.4 67.8 61.8 54.9 51.4 55.0 77.5 76.9 68.0 59.1 - 61.2 February ... 68.5 67.9 63.4 56.2 52.1 56.4 77.9 77.3 69.7 60.2 -...

  14. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... - - - - - - - - - - - - October ... 69.2 68.7 62.8 56.0 52.1 56.8 79.4 78.8 68.4 58.1 NA 62.0 November ... 65.4 64.9...

  15. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    91.9 91.5 82.8 73.2 W 77.5 March ... 80.4 79.9 76.6 66.9 64.9 68.7 90.1 89.7 82.3 71.0 74.8 76.0 April ... 80.3 79.7 77.7 65.5...

  16. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    71.2 66.2 70.8 91.4 90.9 83.1 75.4 - 77.2 February ... 80.7 80.1 74.9 68.5 64.3 68.3 90.1 89.5 81.3 72.3 - 74.5 March ... 78.5 77.9 72.4...

  17. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    - - - - - - - - October ... 78.0 77.4 70.6 61.2 53.1 66.5 84.5 83.7 75.1 63.7 W 71.9 November ... 75.9 75.3 66.8 55.2 47.0 61.6 85.0 84.2 72.1...

  18. Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    March ... 76.7 76.3 72.0 65.8 65.5 68.8 86.0 85.7 77.9 70.0 - 75.6 April ... 87.7 87.3 83.5 77.0 77.3 80.2 96.5 96.2 88.8 81.4 -...

  19. Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    92.4 92.1 83.7 74.1 W 80.9 1997 January ... 82.4 82.1 77.1 74.3 73.6 75.6 92.1 91.8 82.7 78.1 W 81.4 February ... 82.9 82.6 77.8 71.2 72.9...

  20. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    70.0 66.4 57.0 53.0 58.4 79.8 79.3 72.2 61.1 - 66.1 March ... 75.8 75.3 70.9 64.0 59.3 64.9 84.7 84.3 77.0 67.9 W 72.0 April ......

  1. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    - 68.2 85.7 85.7 78.4 67.4 - 74.2 March ... 84.7 84.4 79.5 72.2 W 75.8 90.8 90.8 85.3 74.5 - 81.4 April ... 94.0 93.6 87.2 76.1 -...

  2. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    77.7 - 80.7 100.9 100.9 W 80.7 - 85.0 March ... 92.4 92.1 86.4 75.4 - 80.4 100.7 100.7 90.9 76.7 - 85.5 April ... 88.7 88.4 82.1...

  3. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1996 ... 24.1 25.4 17.8 108.5 27.1 153.4 5.7 5.9 4.4 12.9 NA 17.3 1997 January ... 20.6 22.0 14.8 98.3 26.4 139.6 4.7 4.9 3.7 11.5...

  4. Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    24.1 9.1 61.1 3.9 4.0 7.3 3.1 W 10.4 1998 ... 14.3 14.5 28.6 23.0 8.3 59.9 3.7 3.8 7.4 3.1 W 10.5 See footnotes at end of table. 26 Energy Information...

  5. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    172.4 7.6 7.8 10.1 14.6 0.1 24.8 1995 January ... 18.5 19.6 13.2 88.3 22.4 123.8 4.9 5.1 3.8 W W 15.1 February ... 21.7 23.1 18.6 98.4 23.3...

  6. Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    0.5 0.8 1.2 - 1.9 0.0 0.0 W W - 0.2 June ... 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.2 - 2.0 0.0 0.0 W W - 0.2 July ... 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.2 - 2.0 0.0 0.0 W W...

  7. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    26.0 150.0 6.2 6.4 3.2 12.3 - 15.5 1998 ... 25.4 26.6 13.7 112.0 28.8 154.5 6.0 6.1 3.4 12.5 W 15.8 See footnotes at end of table. 18 Energy...

  8. Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    12.0 69.2 3.4 3.5 6.9 3.1 W 10.1 December ... 14.8 15.1 31.7 29.5 10.8 72.0 3.6 3.7 7.3 3.3 W 10.7 1999 ... 14.5 14.8 29.8 26.1 9.6...

  9. Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    1.6 1.6 1.7 3.2 - 4.9 0.2 0.2 W 0.7 - 0.9 October ... 2.0 2.0 3.0 4.2 - 7.2 0.3 0.3 W 0.8 - 1.2 November ... 2.7 2.7 3.2 5.7 -...

  10. Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2.5 2.6 3.3 5.8 - 9.1 0.6 0.6 W 0.9 - 1.5 1998 ... 2.0 2.1 2.2 3.9 - 6.0 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 - 1.1 See footnotes at end of table. 22 Energy...

  11. Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    retail outlets, e.g., sales to agricultural customers, commercial sales, and industrial sales. Note: Totals may not equal the sum of the components due to rounding....

  12. ,"U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...,35511.7,3333,19611.5 35384,33037.6,5593.7,19470.1 35414,32905.7,6143.2,20151.7 ... 37391,38123.1,1894.5,24519.4 37422,38389.1,1947.2,24537.6 37452,38328.7,1921.5,24343.9 ...

  13. U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2016 by Grade Regular NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2016 Midgrade NA NA NA NA NA NA 1988-2016 Premium NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2016 by Formulation Conventional NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2016 Oxygenated - - - - - - 1994-2016 Reformulated NA NA NA NA NA NA

  14. U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    25,220.5 25,860.0 25,967.6 26,711.1 26,333.6 26,532.9 1983-2016 by Grade Regular 20,698.8 21,263.3 21,331.0 21,940.6 21,587.4 21,748.3 1983-2016 Midgrade 1,790.7 1,828.0 1,842.8 1,898.9 1,887.9 1,899.4 1988-2016 Premium 2,731.0 2,768.7 2,793.8 2,871.6 2,858.4 2,885.3 1983-2016 by Formulation Conventional 16,220.8 16,658.8 16,651.0 17,047.0 16,981.8 17,079.3 1994-2016 Oxygenated - - - - - - 1994-2016 Reformulated 8,999.7 9,201.2 9,316.6 9,664.1 9,351.8 9,453.6

  15. Summer 2006 Motor Gasoline Prices (Released in the STEO July 2006)

    Reports and Publications

    2006-01-01

    This supplement to the July 2006 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) examines the various factors that have contributed to this summer's high gasoline prices and discusses how they may continue to impact markets over the next several months.

  16. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components The components for the gasoline and diesel fuel pumps are calculated in the following manner in cents per gallon and then converted into a percentage: Crude Oil - the monthly average of the composite refiner acquisition cost, which is the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners. Refining Costs & Profits - the difference between the monthly average of the spot price of gasoline or diesel fuel (used as a proxy for the value of

  17. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Learn more... Price trends and regional differences What causes fluctuations in motor gasoline prices? Retail gasoline prices are mainly affected by crude oil prices and the level of gasoline supply relative to demand. Strong and increasing demand for gasoline and other petroleum products in the United States and the rest of the world at times places intense pressure on available supplies. Even when crude oil prices are stable... read more in Gasoline Explained What causes fluctuations in diesel

  18. Lower gasoline prices ahead

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Lower gasoline prices ahead U.S. retail gasoline prices are expected to continue falling through the end of 2016, even though gasoline demand is projected to remain strong. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said the average monthly price for regular-grade gasoline is expected to decline to $1.92 a gallon by December the lowest for the month in eight years. Lower motor fuel prices are expected in the coming months, despite gasoline demand this year that is on

  19. Environmental regulations and changes in petroleum refining operations

    SciTech Connect

    Lidderdale, T.C.M.

    1996-03-01

    The U.S. petroleum industry has responded to four major new federal rules on motor gasoline product quality in the last 6 years: Phase 1 Summer Volatility (Rvp) Regulation, June 1989; Phase 2 Summer Volatility (Rvp) regulation, May 1992; oxygenated Gasoline, November 1992; and reformulated Gasoline Phase I Simple Model, December 1994. These regulations have generated significant changes in domestic refinery operations, affecting marginal production costs and market prices, refinery yields, and the seasonality of production. Some changes have been dramatic. The price of motor gasoline has increased by as much as 60 {cents}/gal due to regulations. Refinery yields of motor gasoline (refinery output of motor gasoline as a fraction of refinery inputs or total refinery output), which historically peaked in the early summer to meet high summer driving demand, now are highest during the winter months. These changes in domestic refining operations are identified and related to the vapor pressure, oxygenated and reformulated gasoline (RFG) product quality regulations. This analysis uses linear regression equations from the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is used for producing forecasts appearing in the EIA`s Short-Term Energy Outlook.

  20. Weekly Refiner Net Production

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Finished Motor Gasoline 1,393 1,411 1,540 1,466 1,508 1,516 2010-2016 East Coast (PADD 1) ... Notes: Finished motor gasoline does not include adjustments for fuel ethanol and motor ...

  1. Short-Term Energy Outlook April 1999-Summer Gasoline Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    pump price for regular gasoline. d Refinery output plus motor gasoline field production, including fuel ethanol ... The forecasts were generated by simulation of the Short-Term ...

  2. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Retail motor gasoline city definitions The table below shows the counties included in the sampling area for the ten cities that EIA publishes retail motor gasoline prices for. EIA does not have gasoline prices by county. City Counties included Boston Barnstable County, MA Bristol County, MA Dukes County, MA Essex County, MA Hillsborough County, NH Merrimack County, NH Middlesex County, MA Nantucket County, MA Norfolk County, MA Plymouth County, MA Rockingham County, NH Strafford County, NH

  3. ,"U.S. Total Refiner Petroleum Product Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    NUSDPG","EMAEPPRPTGNUSDPG","EMAEPPRLPTGNUSDPG","EMAEPPRHPTGNUSDPG" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Dollars per Gallon)","U.S. Aviation Gasoline...

  4. Diesel vs Gasoline Production | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    "swing" between diesel and gasoline production deer08leister.pdf (217.54 KB) More Documents & Publications Marathon Sees Diesel Fuel in Future ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy ...

  5. Gasoline prices expected to fall below $2 per gallon in January on lower oil prices and lower seasonal demand

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices expected to fall below $2 per gallon in January on lower oil prices and lower seasonal demand Falling crude oil prices along with refiners making less expensive winter-blend gasoline and the normal seasonal decline in motor fuel demand are expected to push the average pump price for gasoline below $2 per gallon in January. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said drivers are expected to pay an average of $1.97 per gallon to fill up at the

  6. S. 790: This Act may be cited as the Motor Fuel Consumer Protection Act of 1991, introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, April 9, 1991

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    This bill would amend the antitrust laws in order to preserve and promote wholesale and retail competition in the retail gasoline market. The bill describes limits on the ownership and operation of service stations. The main provision is the it shall be unlawful for any producer or refiner to require any retail motor fuel dealer to purchase more than 70% of the monthly retail sales of motor fuel from such refiner or producer. Motor fuel refers to gasoline, diesel fuel, alcohol, or any mixture of these sold for use in automobiles and related vehicles.

  7. Motor System Upgrades Smooth the Way to Savings of $700,000 at Chevron Refinery

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Chevron, the largest U.S. refiner operating six gasoline-producing refineries, completed a motor system efficiency improvement project in 1997 at its Richmond, California, refinery that resulted in savings of $700,000 annually. This two-page fact sheet describes how they achieved the savings.

  8. Size-Resolved Particle Number and Volume Emission Factors for On-Road Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles

    SciTech Connect

    Ban-Weiss, George A.; Lunden, Melissa M.; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Harley, Robert A.

    2009-04-10

    Average particle number concentrations and size distributions from {approx}61,000 light-duty (LD) vehicles and {approx}2500 medium-duty (MD) and heavy-duty (HD) trucks were measured during the summer of 2006 in a San Francisco Bay area traffic tunnel. One of the traffic bores contained only LD vehicles, and the other contained mixed traffic, allowing pollutants to be apportioned between LD vehicles and diesel trucks. Particle number emission factors (particle diameter D{sub p} > 3 nm) were found to be (3.9 {+-} 1.4) x 10{sup 14} and (3.3 {+-} 1.3) x 10{sup 15} kg{sup -1} fuel burned for LD vehicles and diesel trucks, respectively. Size distribution measurements showed that diesel trucks emitted at least an order of magnitude more particles for all measured sizes (10 < D{sub p} < 290 nm) per unit mass of fuel burned. The relative importance of LD vehicles as a source of particles increased as D{sub p} decreased. Comparing the results from this study to previous measurements at the same site showed that particle number emission factors have decreased for both LD vehicles and diesel trucks since 1997. Integrating size distributions with a volume weighting showed that diesel trucks emitted 28 {+-} 11 times more particles by volume than LD vehicles, consistent with the diesel/gasoline emission factor ratio for PM{sub 2.5} mass measured using gravimetric analysis of Teflon filters, reported in a companion paper.

  9. Motors

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    motor fails? When a motor fails, the user or owner faces three choices: to rewind to a lower efficiency; to rewind and maintain the original efficiency; or to replace it with a...

  10. S. 3047: A Bill to amend the antitrust laws in order to preserve and promote wholesale and retail competition in the retail gasoline market. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, Second Session, September 13, 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This bill would amend the antitrust laws in order to preserve and promote wholesale and retail competition in the retail gasoline market. The bill defines limits on the purchases required of a retailer from the producer or refiner and defines the exceptions under which any large integrated refiner can operate any motor fuel service station in the US. The Federal Trade Commission is charged with the enforcement.

  11. Stocks of Total Motor Gasoline

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    240,111 238,619 239,629 237,004 237,631 238,998 1990-2016 PADD 1 68,276 67,636 68,378 69,664 68,624 72,465 1990-2016 New England 5,173 5,296 4,641 4,999 4,697 4,841 1990-2016 ...

  12. Imports of Total Motor Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    898 946 779 691 933 921 1982-2016 East Coast (PADD 1) 875 862 708 611 864 862 2004-2016 Midwest (PADD 2) 5 6 10 1 3 6 2004-2016 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 0 57 35 69 38 37 2004-2016 Rocky ...

  13. Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Adjustment Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Jet, Commercial Kerosene-Type Jet, Military Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm Sulfur and Under Distillate Fuel Oil ...

  14. MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    in water and does not biodegrade easily, there have been increasing detections of MTBE in ground waters and reservoirs. Because of the occurrence of MTBE in water supplies, ...

  15. Energy Department Announces First Regional Gasoline Reserve to Strengthen

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fuel Resiliency | Department of Energy First Regional Gasoline Reserve to Strengthen Fuel Resiliency Energy Department Announces First Regional Gasoline Reserve to Strengthen Fuel Resiliency May 2, 2014 - 10:29am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's response to Superstorm Sandy, Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced the creation of the first federal regional refined petroleum product reserve containing gasoline. Based on the

  16. Ethanol Demand in United States Gasoline Production

    SciTech Connect

    Hadder, G.R.

    1998-11-24

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (OWL) Refinery Yield Model (RYM) has been used to estimate the demand for ethanol in U.S. gasoline production in year 2010. Study cases examine ethanol demand with variations in world oil price, cost of competing oxygenate, ethanol value, and gasoline specifications. For combined-regions outside California summer ethanol demand is dominated by conventional gasoline (CG) because the premised share of reformulated gasoline (RFG) production is relatively low and because CG offers greater flexibility for blending high vapor pressure components like ethanol. Vapor pressure advantages disappear for winter CG, but total ethanol used in winter RFG remains low because of the low RFG production share. In California, relatively less ethanol is used in CG because the RFG production share is very high. During the winter in California, there is a significant increase in use of ethanol in RFG, as ethanol displaces lower-vapor-pressure ethers. Estimated U.S. ethanol demand is a function of the refiner value of ethanol. For example, ethanol demand for reference conditions in year 2010 is 2 billion gallons per year (BGY) at a refiner value of $1.00 per gallon (1996 dollars), and 9 BGY at a refiner value of $0.60 per gallon. Ethanol demand could be increased with higher oil prices, or by changes in gasoline specifications for oxygen content, sulfur content, emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCS), and octane numbers.

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine Development

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Ford Motor Companyh at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advanced gasoline...

  18. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline ...

  19. Gasoline Biodesulfurization Fact Sheet

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This petroleum industry fact sheet describes how biodesulfurization can yield lower sulfur gasoline at lower production costs.

  20. Reformulated gasoline quality issues

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez, R.G.; Felch, D.E.; Edgar, M.D.

    1995-11-01

    One year ago, a panel of industry experts were interviewed in the November/December 1994 issue of Fuel Reformulation (Vol. 4, No. 6). With the focus then and now on refinery investments, the panelists were asked to forecast which refining processes would grow in importance. It is apparent from their response, and from other articles and discussions throughout the year, that hydroprocessing and catalytic conversion processes are synergistic in the overall refinery design, with flexibility and process objectives varying on a unit-by-unit case. To an extent, future refinery investments in downstream petrochemicals, such as for paraxylene production, are based on available catalytic reforming feedstock. Just a importantly, hydroprocessing units (hydrotreating, hydrocracking) needed for clean fuel production (gasoline, diesel, aviation fuel), are heavily dependent on hydrogen production from the catalytic reformer. Catalytic reforming`s significant influence in the refinery hydrogen balance, as well as its status as a significant naphtha conversion route to higher-quality fuels, make this unit a high-priority issue for engineers and planners striving for flexibility.

  1. Report to the Congress on the storage of refined petroleum products and on regional supply interruptions

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-06-01

    This report describes petroleum and petroleum products storage and supply disruption. Information is presented under the following topics: Historical Perspective; Current Patterns of Supply and Disposition of Petroleum Products in the Primary Distribution System; PADD I Clean Products Supply/Demand; 1990 Regional Petroleum Reserve Annual Computation; Market Infrastructure and Commercial Practices in the California Motor Gasoline Market, as Related to Potential Refined Petroleum Product Reserve Structures and Sales Procedures; Infrastructure and Commercial Practices in the Northeast Distillate Market, as Related to Potential Refined Petroleum Product Reserve Structures and Sales Procedures; Storage Stability Characteristics of Petroleum Products and Crude Oil; Effect of 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments on Demand for Petroleum Product Storage Capacity; and Environmental Regulations on Tanks.

  2. CREATING THE NORTHEAST GASOLINE SUPPLY RESERVE

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2012, Superstorm Sandy made landfall in the northeastern United States and caused heavy damage to two refineries and left more than 40 terminals in New York Harbor closed due to water damage and loss of power. This left some New York gas stations without fuel for as long as 30 days. As part of the Obama Administration’s ongoing response to the storm, the Department of Energy created the first federal regional refined product reserve, the Northeast Gasoline Supply Reserve.

  3. The potential for low petroleum gasoline

    SciTech Connect

    Hadder, G.R.; Webb, G.M.; Clauson, M.

    1996-06-01

    The Energy Policy Act requires the Secretary of Energy to determine the feasibility of producing sufficient replacement fuels to replace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuels by light duty vehicles in the year 2010. The Act also requires the Secretary to determine the greenhouse gas implications of the use of replacement fuels. A replacement fuel is a non-petroleum portion of gasoline, including certain alcohols, ethers, and other components. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model has been used to study the cost and refinery impacts for production of {open_quotes}low petroleum{close_quotes} gasolines, which contain replacement fuels. The analysis suggests that high oxygenation is the key to meeting the replacement fuel target, and a major contributor to cost increase is investment in processes to produce and etherify light olefins. High oxygenation can also increase the costs of control of vapor pressure, distillation properties, and pollutant emissions of gasolines. Year-round low petroleum gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components might be produced with cost increases of 23 to 37 cents per gallon of gasoline, and with greenhouse gas emissions changes between a 3 percent increase and a 16 percent decrease. Crude oil reduction, with decreased dependence on foreign sources, is a major objective of the low petroleum gasoline program. For year-round gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components, crude oil use is reduced by 10 to 12 percent, at a cost $48 to $89 per barrel. Depending upon resolution of uncertainties about extrapolation of the Environmental Protection Agency Complex Model for pollutant emissions, availability of raw materials and other issues, costs could be lower or higher.

  4. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Annual Energy Outlook

    February 16, 2016 Reformulated Gasoline States in each PADD Region Procedures & Methodology Gasoline Data collection procedures Sampling methodology Coefficient of variation...

  5. Rietveld Refinement

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    profile Chi-squared value 4.944 Progress so far Inverse Modeling Method 2 Fourier Method Data Model Refined Structure 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0 1000 2000 3000 4000...

  6. Simulation: Gasoline Compression Ignition

    SciTech Connect

    2015-04-13

    The Mira supercomputer at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility helped Argonne researchers model what happens inside an engine when you use gasoline in a diesel engine. Engineers are exploring this type of combustion as a sustainable transportation option because it may be more efficient than traditional gasoline combustion engines but produce less soot than diesel.

  7. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF REGULAR GASOLINE Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage) Taxes (percentage) Crude Oil (percentage) Jan-00 1.289 7.8 13.0 32.1 47.1 Feb-00 1.377 17.9 7.5 30.1 44.6 Mar-00 1.517 15.4 12.8 27.3 44.6 Apr-00 1.465 10.1 20.2 28.3 41.4 May-00 1.485 20.2 9.2 27.9 42.7 Jun-00 1.633 22.2 8.8 25.8 43.1 Jul-00 1.551 13.2 15.8 27.2 43.8 Aug-00 1.465 15.8 7.5 28.8 47.8 Sep-00 1.550

  8. Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Residual Fuel Greater Than 1.00 Percent Sulfur Special Naphthas Lubricants Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand ...

  9. Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    316 - - - - - 1984-2015 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.298 - - - - - 1984-2015 New England (PADD 1A) 2.375 - - - - - 1984-2015 Connecticut 2.415 - - - - - 1984-2015 Maine 2.360 - - - - - ...

  10. Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook2.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ,039,093 2,035,511 2,026,773 2,035,819 2,028,853 2,035,945

    (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API Gravity Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Type Area Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History U.S. 1.43 1.39 1.43 1.47 1.43 1.44 1985-2016 PADD 1 0.83 0.88 0.90 0.86 0.89 1.10 1985-2016 East Coast 0.76 0.81 0.84 0.79 0.81 1.04 1985-2016 Appalachian No. 1 1.51 1.74 1.58

  11. ,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,"Excel File Name:","petpriallmgcnusepm0dpgalm.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:www.eia.govdnavpetpetpriallmgcnusepm0dpgalm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy ...

  12. Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Montana Shale Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 12 13 7 2010's 13 13 16 19 42 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 11/19/2015 Next Release Date: 12/31/2016 Referring Pages: Shale Natural Gas Estimated Production Montana Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production Shale

  13. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    365,247.6 354,951.9 347,234.5 348,657.3 346,707.6 361,056.3 1983-2015 East Coast (PADD 1) 128,893.5 125,252.4 119,021.3 117,031.7 115,225.0 121,544.4 1983-2015 New England (PADD 1A) 17,270.6 17,000.4 16,279.8 16,067.1 14,580.0 17,023.4 1983-2015 Connecticut 4,425.7 4,305.0 3,921.4 3,902.6 3,216.1 4,357.3 1983-2015 Maine 1,888.9 1,881.7 1,852.8 2,015.0 1,841.3 1,951.0 1983-2015 Massachusetts 6,997.2 6,993.4 6,821.5 6,276.4 5,934.6 6,708.5 1983-2015 New Hampshire 1,610.0 1,417.5 1,448.0 1,639.4

  14. Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2016 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2016 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2016 New Hampshire - - - - - - 1983-2016 Rhode Island - - - - - - 1983-2016 Vermont - - ...

  15. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Maine 1,771.2 1,785.3 1,763.6 1,857.0 1,960.6 2,085.4 1983-2016 Massachusetts 6,563.6 6,678.8 6,871.9 7,083.4 7,011.9 7,487.9 1983-2016 New Hampshire 1,531.1 1,572.9 1,517.3 ...

  16. Stocks of Motor Gasoline Blending Components

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    194,259 203,187 212,640 217,489 220,765 226,935 1983-2016 PADD 1 51,306 53,633 57,200 56,763 58,920 62,421 2004-2016 PADD 2 43,744 46,809 50,163 51,441 51,859 54,773 2004-2016 PADD...

  17. Northeast Gasoline Supply Reserve

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Northeast region of the U.S. is particularly vulnerable to gasoline disruptions as a result of hurricanes and other natural events. Hurricane Sandy in 2012 caused widespread issues related to...

  18. Motor System Upgrades Smooth the Way to Savings of $700,000 at...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Chevron, the largest U.S. refiner operating six gasoline-producing refineries, completed a ... California: California Industries of the Future Program Effective Fouling Minimization ...

  19. Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine Development Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) ...

  20. Refiner Crude Oil Inputs

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Net Inputs (Refiner and Blender) of RBOB Blending Components Net Inputs (Refiner and Blender) of CBOB Blending Components Net Inputs (Refiner and Blender) of GTAB Blending ...

  1. The strategic outlook for petroleum refiners

    SciTech Connect

    Cobb, C.

    1994-12-31

    After several years of acceptable and relatively reliable profitability, refiners were plunged into uncertainty once again following passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) in 1990. While many of the original uncertainties that attended these regulations have since been resolved, the industry now must prepare for the new manufacturing, distributions, and transportation challenges that undoubtedly will accompany the first stages of reformulated gasoline (RFG) compliance in early 1995. This impending challenge introduces several fundamental questions: (1) How has the industry changed and adjusted to respond to anticipated future needs? (2) What strategies are refiners employing today? (3) What are industry performance expectations over the next several years?

  2. Refiners Switch to RFG Complex Model

    Reports and Publications

    1998-01-01

    On January 1, 1998, domestic and foreign refineries and importers must stop using the "simple" model and begin using the "complex" model to calculate emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), toxic air pollutants (TAP), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from motor gasoline. The primary differences between application of the two models is that some refineries may have to meet stricter standards for the sulfur and olefin content of the reformulated gasoline (RFG) they produce and all refineries will now be held accountable for NOx emissions. Requirements for calculating emissions from conventional gasoline under the anti-dumping rule similarly change for exhaust TAP and NOx. However, the change to the complex model is not expected to result in an increase in the price premium for RFG or constrain supplies.

  3. ,"U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","22016","1151994" ,"Release Date:","522016" ,"Next Release Date:","612016" ,"Excel File Name:","petconsrefmgcnusepm0umgalpdm.xls" ...

  4. ,"U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","22016","1151994" ,"Release Date:","522016" ,"Next Release Date:","612016" ,"Excel File Name:","petconsrefmgcnusepm0rmgalpdm.xls" ...

  5. Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    25,064.8 17,695.8 14,527.4 13,957.6 16,229.5 1994-2015 East Coast (PADD 1) 9,423.6 7,778.2 5,183.5 3,684.8 W W 1994-2015 New England (PADD 1A) W W W - - - 1994-2015 ...

  6. Refiner and Blender Net Production of Conventional Gasoline

    Annual Energy Outlook

    6,435 6,753 6,419 6,813 6,107 6,155 1994-2016 PADD 1 1,716 1,827 1,822 1,889 1,709 1,670 1994-2016 PADD 2 2,083 2,203 2,119 2,244 1,968 1,984 1994-2016 PADD 3 1,842 1,973 1,769...

  7. Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining ...

    Office of Science (SC)

    ... University of Amsterdam Van't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences News External link OilPrice.com External link AZOM.com External link Green Car Congress External link Highlight ...

  8. Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History U.S. 1.892 2.306 3.058 3.168 3.068 2.876 1978-2014 East Coast (PADD 1) 1.871 2.291 3.054 3.172 3.058 2.716 1983-2014 New England (PADD...

  9. Refiner and Blender Net Production of Reformulated Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3,225 3,240 3,261 3,264 3,266 3,189 1993-2016 PADD 1 1,271 1,277 1,307 1,300 1,319 1,253 1993-2016 PADD 2 355 357 368 365 365 361 1993-2016 PADD 3 467 474 477 475 482 471 1993-2016 PADD 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 1993-2016 PADD 5 1,132 1,132 1,109 1,124 1,100 1,103 1993

  10. ,"U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    File Name:","petprirefmg2cnusepm0rdpgalm.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:www.eia.govdnavpetpetprirefmg2cnusepm0rdpgalm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy ...

  11. ,"U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    File Name:","petprirefmg2cnusepm0udpgalm.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:www.eia.govdnavpetpetprirefmg2cnusepm0udpgalm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy ...

  12. Prices of Refiner Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 View History U.S. 2.97 3.55 NA -- -- -- 1967-2005 Alabama 3.13 4.90 NA -- -- -- 1967-2005 Alaska 1.34 1.84 NA -- -- -- 1970-2005 Arizona 3.61 3.96 NA -- -- -- 1967-2005 Arkansas 2.41 4.09 NA -- -- -- 1967-2005 California 3.62 4.70 NA -- -- -- 1967-2005 Colorado 3.89 3.86 NA -- -- 1967-2005 Connecticut 4.82 4.93 NA

  13. Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Connecticut - - - - - - 1994-2016 Maine - - - - - - 1994-2016 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1994-2016 New Hampshire - - - - - - 1994-2016 Rhode Island - - - - - - 1994-2016 Vermont - - ...

  14. Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Connecticut - - - - - - 1986-2016 Maine - - - W W - 1984-2016 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1984-2016 New Hampshire - - - - - - 1986-2016 Rhode Island - - - - - - 1986-2016 Vermont - - ...

  15. U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    16,220.8 16,658.8 16,651.0 17,047.0 16,981.8 17,079.3 1994-2016 Through Retail Outlets 15,975.8 16,410.6 16,423.3 16,794.5 16,769.8 16,820.1 1994-2016 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2016 DTW 5,025.3 5,123.9 5,157.2 5,202.5 5,145.3 5,240.4 1994-2016 Rack 180,638.8 183,340.4 183,482.9 189,028.0 189,769.5 188,472.3 1994-2016 Bulk 21,990.0 16,061.8 17,658.4 18,698.8 21,361.2 20,56

  16. U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    450 1.617 1.790 1.894 1.697 1.682 1994-2016 Through Retail Outlets 1.451 1.617 1.791 1.895 1.696 1.682 1994-2016 Sales for Resale, Average 1.276 1.416 1.573 1.597 1.452 1.487 1994-2016 DTW 1.369 1.498 1.641 1.696 1.643 1.563 1994-2016 Rack 1.283 1.421 1.583 1.602 1.451 1.495 1994-2016 Bulk 1.194 1.339 1.451 1.522 1.410 1.393

  17. U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8,999.7 9,201.2 9,316.6 9,664.1 9,351.8 9,453.6 1994-2016 Through Retail Outlets 8,975.9 9,175.7 9,291.9 9,637.8 9,331.5 9,427.9 1994-2016 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2016 DTW 18,390.2 18,584.8 18,492.9 18,354.8 18,204.6 18,684.5 1994-2016 Rack 74,336.9 76,465.1 76,955.7 79,301.3 77,485.9 78,619.2 1994-2016 Bulk 3,422.9 2,916.2 4,005.0 4,319.8 3,976.6 3,10

  18. U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    736 1.921 2.011 2.078 1.998 1.885 1994-2016 Through Retail Outlets 1.737 1.921 2.012 2.079 1.999 1.885 1994-2016 Sales for Resale, Average 1.463 1.601 1.694 1.740 1.574 1.553 1994-2016 DTW 1.783 1.895 1.917 1.983 1.884 1.732 1994-2016 Rack 1.388 1.533 1.645 1.690 1.504 1.513 1994-2016 Bulk 1.377 1.514 1.602 1.619 1.524 1.479

  19. Impact of California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline on atmospheric reactivity of exhaust and evaporative emissions

    SciTech Connect

    Kirchstetter, T.W.; Singer, B.C.; Harley, R.A.; Kendall, G.R.; Traverse, M.

    1997-12-31

    Phase 2 of California`s reformulated gasoline (RFG) program took effect statewide in the first half of 1996. Changes to gasoline composition required by Phase 2 specifications included: lower vapor pressure; lower olefin, aromatic, benzene, and sulfur content; lower T50 and T90; and a minimum oxygen content. In this paper, impacts of Phase 2 RFG on the atmospheric reactivity of motor vehicle exhaust and evaporative emissions are described. Volatile organic compounds in motor vehicle exhaust were measured at the Caldecott tunnel in summer 1995 and 1996. Aggregate emissions of greater than 8000 vehicles were measured each day. Regular and premium grade gasoline samples were collected from service stations in Berkeley concurrently with tunnel measurements both summers. Liquid gasoline samples and their headspace vapors were analyzed to determine detailed chemical composition. Normalized reactivity was calculated for exhaust and evaporative emissions by applying maximum incremental reactivity values to the detailed speciation profiles. Results indicate that the composition of gasoline in 1996 differed markedly from that of 1995. Changes in liquid gasoline composition led to corresponding changes in the speciation of vehicle exhaust and of gasoline headspace vapors. Benzene concentration in liquid gasoline decreased from 2.0 to 0.6 wt%, which contributed to a 70 and 37% reduction in benzene weight fraction in headspace vapors and vehicle exhaust, respectively. Addition of MTBE and reduction of olefins and aromatics in gasoline led to significant reductions in the atmospheric reactivity of unburned gasoline and gasoline headspace vapors. The normalized reactivity of liquid gasoline and headspace vapors decreased by 23 and 19%, respectively, between 1995 and 1996. The normalized reactivity of non-methane organic compounds in vehicle exhaust decreased by about 8%, but the uncertainty in this change was large.

  20. Petroleum Refining Sector (NAICS 324110) Energy and GHG Combustion Emissions Profile, November 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    69 2.4 PETROLEUM REFINING SECTOR (NAICS 324110) 2.4.1. Overview of the Petroleum Refining Manufacturing Sector Petroleum refining is a complex industry that generates a diverse slate of fuel products and petrochemicals, from gasoline to asphalt. Refining requires a range of processing steps, including distillation, cracking, reforming, and treating. Most of these processes are highly reliant on process heating and steam energy. Petroleum refineries are an essential part of the U.S. economy.

  1. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type . . . . . . ....

  2. JAPAN: Refining options and liberalization plans

    SciTech Connect

    Totto, L.; Isaak, D.T.

    1988-01-01

    The reformulation of Japan's petroleum import policy is important to Japan and to the international energy community. The technical and economic factors involved in opening the Japanese market is unknown. Assuming that foreign refiners have the technical capability to meet Japanese product specifications, the prices and volumes that will prove economical to both parties are also little known. Japanese refiners have been investigating the possibility of exporting gasoline and processing crude for China and Malaysia. The study demonstrates that under certain trade policies, Japan could become a significant product exporter. This study's purpose is to investigate the economic efficiency of alternative petroleum supply options, i.e., combining Japan's refining and product imports. An evaluation of the current import program and the technically feasible alternatives will play a major role in a new import policy. For this evaluation, a linear programming (LP) model of Japan's domestic refinery capacity and the petroleum import system was constructed. 3 figs., 23 tabs.

  3. Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules (Released in the STEO January 1998)

    Reports and Publications

    1998-01-01

    On August 27, 1997, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated revised the rules that allow foreign refiners to establish and use individual baselines, but it would not be mandatory (the optional use of an individual refinery baseline is not available to domestic refiners.) If a foreign refiner did not establish and use an individual baseline, the gasoline they export to the United States would be regulated through the importer, and subject to the importer's baseline (most likely the statutory baseline). Specific regulatory provisions are implemented to ensure that the option to use an individual baseline would not lead to adverse environmental impacts. This involves monitoring the average quality of imported gasoline, and if a specified benchmark is exceeded, remedial action would be taken by adjusting the requirements applicable to imported gasoline.

  4. California Gasoline Price Study, 2003

    Reports and Publications

    2003-01-01

    This is the final report to Congressman Ose describing the factors driving California's spring 2003 gasoline price spike and the subsequent price increases in June and August.

  5. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... Sold for Local Consumption", and demographic data from the Bureau of the Census and Department of Transportation on population, number of gasoline stations and number of vehicles. ...

  6. Microsoft Word - Gasoline_2008 Supplement.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... on gasoline are fixed, the money saved by switching to regular grade gasoline would therefore be equivalent to a 0.14 percent per year increase in total gasoline consumption. ...

  7. Aspects of Western Refining, Inc.'s Proposed Acquisition of Giant Industries, Inc.

    Reports and Publications

    2006-01-01

    Presentation of company-level, non-proprietary data and relevant aggregate data for U.S. refinery capacity and gasoline marketing of Western Refining and Giant Industries to inform discussions of Western Refining Inc.'s proposed acquisition of Giant Industries Inc. for a total of $1.5 billion, which was announced August 28, 2006.

  8. Gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  9. Gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.67 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  10. Gasoline prices increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.69 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  11. Topsoe integrated gasoline synthesis (TIGAS)

    SciTech Connect

    Hansen, H.K.; Joensen, F.

    1987-01-01

    Integration of Haldor Topsoe's oxygenate (MeOH, DME) synthesis and the MTG process into one single synthesis loop provides a new low investment route to gasoline from natural gas. The integrated process has been demonstrated in an industrial pilot with a capacity of 1 MTPD gasoline since 1984. The pilot has operated successfully for more than 10,000 hours.

  12. ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes bandwidth.pdf (1.16 MB) More Documents & Publications ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes Bandwidth Study U.S. Petroleum Refining ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry (November 2007) ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in

  13. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Gasoline price data collection procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 a.m.

  14. Advanced Biomass to Gasoline Technology

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Temperature ( o C) Reaction Time (Sec) Enzymatic Reactions Exelus Biomass-to-Gasoline (BTG) Gasification Pyrolysis 0.1 Grant EE0002991 Exelus 16 Innovations 0.00001 0.0001 ...

  15. Gasoline Price Pass-through

    Annual Energy Outlook

    differences, whereas stationary series can be estimated in level form. The unit root test could not reject the hypothesis that the retail and spot gasoline price series have a...

  16. ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes bandwidth.pdf (1.16 MB) More Documents & Publications ITP ...

  17. ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in California: California Industries of the Future Program ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in ...

  18. The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Almost 2 dozen gasoline fuels, blending components, and surrogates were evaluated in a single-cylinder HCCI gasoline engine for combustion, emissions, and efficiency performance.

  19. This Week In Petroleum Gasoline Section

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Regular gasoline retail prices (dollars per gallon) U.S. Average Conventional Reformulated U.S. retail regular gasoline prices graph Retail average regular gasoline prices graph Retail conventional regular gasoline prices graph Retail reformulated regular gasoline prices graph Retail average regular gasoline prices (dollars per gallon) more price data › Year ago Most recent 11/16/15 11/14/16 11/07/16 10/31/16 10/24/16 10/17/16 10/10/16 10/03/16 U.S. 2.178 2.184 2.233 2.230 2.243 2.257 2.272

  20. EIA lowers forecast for summer gasoline prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    EIA lowers forecast for summer gasoline prices U.S. gasoline prices are expected to be ... according to the new monthly forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. ...

  1. ,"New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail ... 4:27:01 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ...

  2. Price Changes in the Gasoline Market - Are Midwestern Gasoline Prices Downward Sticky?

    Reports and Publications

    1999-01-01

    The report concentrates on regional gasoline prices in the Midwest from October 1992 through June 1998.

  3. Step 3: Project Refinement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3: Project Refinement 2 1 Potential 3 Refinement 4 Implementation 5 Operations & Maintenance 2 Options 3 Refinement 1/28/2016 2 3 FUNDING AND FINANCING OPTIONS Project Ownership Financing structure is highly dependent on size of the project and the capital available for a given project: * Tribe owns the project (cash purchase or debt) * Tribe hosts the project and buys the electricity (power purchase agreement) * Tribe partners with private sector and co-owns the project (uncertainties about

  4. Gasoline prices decrease (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.70 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 4.01 a gallon, down 4.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 3.47 a gallon, remaining unchanged from last week

  5. Gasoline prices decrease (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5, 2014 Gasoline prices decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.06 a gallon, down 1.8 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.47 a gallon, down 2.6 cents.This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  6. Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine Development Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine ...

  7. U.S. average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012 Despite the recent run-up in gasoline prices, the U.S. Energy Information Administration expects falling crude oil prices will lead to a small decline in average motor fuel costs this year compared with last year. The price for regular gasoline is expected to average $3.55 a gallon in 2013 and $3.39 next year, according to EIA's new Short-Term Energy Outlook. That's down from $3.63 a gallon in 2012. For

  8. Gasoline prices - January 7, 2013

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices remained flat at $3.30 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Amerine Woodyard on

  9. Gasoline prices decrease (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  10. Gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.63 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  11. Refiners trade hydroprocessing experience

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-04-16

    Hydrogen treating and conversion processes less severe than hydrocracking abound in most refineries and therefore were a subject of high interest at the National Petroleum Refiners Association question and answer session on refining technology. The present paper, which is the second abstract of the transcript of the most recent meeting, covers hydroprocessing and some of its mechanical, process, and catalytic aspects.

  12. Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1995 Introduction On August 27, 1997, the EPA promulgated revised the rules that allow ... Notice Citation (1) Date Final Rule by EPA allows foreign refiners to establish ...

  13. The chemical origin of octane sensitivity in gasoline fuels containing nitroalkanes

    SciTech Connect

    Cracknell, R.F.; McAllister, L.J.; Norton, M.; Walmsley, H.L.; Andrae, J.C.G.

    2009-05-15

    Experimental octane measurements are presented for a standard gasoline to which has been added various quantities of nitromethane, nitroethane and 1-nitropropane. The addition of nitroalkanes was found to suppress the Motor Octane Number to a much greater extent than the Research Octane Number. In other words addition of nitroalkanes increases the octane sensitivity of gasoline. Density Functional Theory was used to model the equilibrium thermodynamics and the barrier heights for reactions leading to the break-up of nitroethane. These results were used to develop a chemical kinetic scheme for nitroalkanes combined with a surrogate gasoline (for which a mechanism has been developed previously). Finally the chemical kinetic simulations were combined with a quasi-dimensional engine model in order to predict autoignition in octane rating tests. Our results suggest that the chemical origin of octane sensitivity in gasoline/nitroalkane blends cannot be fully explained on the conventional basis of the extent to which NTC behaviour is absent. Instead we have shown that the contribution of the two pathways leading to autoignition in gasoline containing nitroalkanes becomes much more significant under the more severe conditions of the Motor Octane method than the Research Octane method. (author)

  14. Impact of oxygenates on petroleum refining, review and forecast

    SciTech Connect

    Unzelman, G.H.

    1995-09-01

    During the coming decade, oxygenates will continue to impact light oil processing and will steadily change the composition of the US gasoline pool. There are several major driving forces that will sustain the gradual influx of oxygen to US gasoline toward the regulatory limits: (1) the positive environmental characteristics of oxygenated compounds, (2) the high-octane quality of ethers that promote elimination of less desirable hydrocarbons and (3) the competitive need for ultra-clean gasoline to compete with alternatives. From 1995 forward, conventional gasoline will gradually shift to RFG (reformulated gasoline) containing a minimum of 2 wt% oxygen and less aromatics. As a result some processing changes, already in motion in the refining industry, will continue. For example, less severe naphtha reforming and cracking innovations to yield more feed for etherification and alkylation. While alternative fuel and vehicle technology will continue to develop, oxygenates in US gasoline will contribute the major alternative dimension to transportation fuel in the foreseeable future. With RFG, internal-combustion engine emissions will be progressively less toxic and lower in photochemical reactivity. The oxygenate mix will favor methyl ethers in spite of the recent methanol price spike. Ethyl ethers will be used on a more limited basis for specific situations where lower volatility and feedstock economics are an advantage. Downstream blending of ethanol will supplement ethers blended at the refinery in situations where economics are more favorable than refinery ethers. Long-range survival of ethanol, as a direct blending agent or feedstock for refinery ethers, depends on one or more of several factors: future crude oil costs, longevity of subsidies and/or mandates, and new production technology based on cellulose yielding ethanol economically competitive with hydrocarbons.

  15. Microsoft Word - General Motors Pre-final EA 4-20-2010.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    8 1 April 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Motor Gasoline Consumption 2008 A Historical Perspective and Short-Term Projections 1 Highlights * Income growth rates have less of an impact on recent trends in gasoline consumption than in the past, but short-run effects are still significant. * High gasoline prices are once again motivating drivers to conserve by driving less and purchasing more fuel-efficient transportation. * The increasing share of lower-Btu-content ethanol has

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work?

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Gasoline Cars Work? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline

  17. North Dakota Refining Capacity Study

    SciTech Connect

    Dennis Hill; Kurt Swenson; Carl Tuura; Jim Simon; Robert Vermette; Gilberto Marcha; Steve Kelly; David Wells; Ed Palmer; Kuo Yu; Tram Nguyen; Juliam Migliavacca

    2011-01-05

    According to a 2008 report issued by the United States Geological Survey, North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. With the size and remoteness of the discovery, the question became 'can a business case be made for increasing refining capacity in North Dakota?' And, if so what is the impact to existing players in the region. To answer the question, a study committee comprised of leaders in the region's petroleum industry were brought together to define the scope of the study, hire a consulting firm and oversee the study. The study committee met frequently to provide input on the findings and modify the course of the study, as needed. The study concluded that the Petroleum Area Defense District II (PADD II) has an oversupply of gasoline. With that in mind, a niche market, naphtha, was identified. Naphtha is used as a diluent used for pipelining the bitumen (heavy crude) from Canada to crude markets. The study predicted there will continue to be an increase in the demand for naphtha through 2030. The study estimated the optimal configuration for the refinery at 34,000 barrels per day (BPD) producing 15,000 BPD of naphtha and a 52 percent refinery charge for jet and diesel yield. The financial modeling assumed the sponsor of a refinery would invest its own capital to pay for construction costs. With this assumption, the internal rate of return is 9.2 percent which is not sufficient to attract traditional investment given the risk factor of the project. With that in mind, those interested in pursuing this niche market will need to identify incentives to improve the rate of return.

  18. NAFTA opportunities: Petroleum refining

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) creates a more transparent environment for the sale of refined petroleum products to Mexico, and locks in access to Canada's relatively open market for these products. Canada and Mexico are sizable United States export markets for refined petroleum products, with exports of $556 million and $864 million, respectively, in 1992. These markets represent approximately 24 percent of total U.S. exports of these goods.

  19. Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Reformulated Gasoline Program Contents * Introduction * Mandated RFG Program Areas o Table 1. Mandated RFG Program Areas * RFG Program Opt-In Areas o Table 2. RFG Program Opt-In Areas * RFG Program Opt-Out Procedures and Areas o Table 3. History of EPA Rulemaking on Opt-Out Procedures o Table 4. RFG Program Opt-Out Areas * State Programs o Table 5. State Reformulated Gasoline Programs * Endnotes Spreadsheets Referenced in this Article * Reformulated Gasoline Control Area Populations Related EIA

  20. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    65.7 65.5 58.6 50.5 - 53.7 April ... 68.1 68.0 64.2 56.7 47.2 56.2 76.5 76.2 69.8 60.5 - 63.9 May ... 68.9...

  1. Refinery Net Input of Motor Gasoline Blending Components (Net...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    -207,199 -222,768 -224,415 -196,460 -205,085 -201,403 2005-2016 PADD 1 -16,716 -17,346 -17,942 -14,705 -15,325 -15,088 2005-2016 East Coast -16,708 -17,396 -17,889 -14,746 -15,326 ...

  2. Microsoft Word - Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... Publication P300-02-002V4. (Sacramento, CA, February 2004, and earlier issues.) http:www.energy.ca.govmtbedocuments. 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 Jan 4, 1999 May 24, 1999 ...

  3. Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    - - - - - - - 1997 Average ... - - - - - - - - - - - - Subdistrict IA January ... - - - - - - - - - - - - February...

  4. ,"Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...487,730,4564,1869,687,1409,1277,,8913,3453,1947,5678,576,894,50,2490,156,26993,3139,4002,1...85,1209,2818,1208,924,309,449,3876,1520,99,1947,1239,24339,1386,511,5564,1893,402,14583,31...

  5. Refinery & Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History U.S. 3,306,400 3,306,028 3,267,022 3,370,460 3,493,224 3,560,117 1945-2015 PADD 1 993,681 1,055,660 1,044,853 1,062,487 1,087,368 1,135,268 1981-2015 East Coast 944,510 975,883 961,041 975,979 1,000,003 1,044,102 1993-2015 Appalachian No. 1 49,171 79,777 83,812 86,508 87,365 91,166 1995-2015 PADD 2 797,994 815,684 815,432 846,815 904,415 938,000 1981-2015 Ind., Ill. and Ky. 516,676 522,057 511,824 522,198 561,703 613,374 1993-2015 Minn., Wis., N. Dak.,

  6. Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Georgia 374 251 220 269 235 220 1993-2015 Maine 130 152 254 1993-2013 Maryland 1993-2008 Massachusetts 2 4 3 6 5 5 1993-2015 New Hampshire 1993-2005 New Jersey 667 275 795 489 102 ...

  7. Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Georgia 175 221 158 163 190 268 1993-2016 Maine 1993-2014 Maryland 1993-2009 Massachusetts 4 4 4 4 6 8 1993-2016 New Hampshire 1993-2006 New Jersey 534 804 23 60 98 16 1993-2016 ...

  8. STEO January 2013 - average gasoline prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    drivers to see lower average gasoline prices in 2013 and 2014 U.S. retail gasoline prices are expected to decline over the next two years. The average pump price for regular unleaded gasoline was $3.63 a gallon during 2012. That is expected to fall to $3.44 this year and then drop to $3.34 in 2014, according to the new forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Expected lower crude oil prices.....which accounted for about two-thirds of the price of gasoline in 2012....will

  9. Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    in 2006. Companies' decisions to eliminate MTBE have been driven by State bans due to water contamination concerns, continuing liability exposure from adding MTBE to gasoline,...

  10. DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study Eric M. Fujita, David E. Campbell, William P. Arnott, Barbara Zielinska and Judith C. Chow Division of Atmospheric Sciences Desert Research ...

  11. California Gasoline Price Study, 2003 Preliminary Findings

    Reports and Publications

    2003-01-01

    This is the preliminary report to Congressman Ose describing the factors driving California's spring 2003 gasoline price spike and the subsequent price increases in June and August.

  12. ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    California: California Industries of the Future Program | Department of Energy Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in California: California Industries of the Future Program ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in California: California Industries of the Future Program cpi_profile.pdf (363.14 KB) More Documents & Publications ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry (November 2007) ITP Petroleum

  13. Gasoline prices - January 7, 2013

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices remained flat at $3.30 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the New England and Central Atlantic regions, at 3.52 a gallon, up around 2 cents in both regions from a week ago. For the second week in a row, prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 2.94 a gallon, down 8.1 cents. This is

  14. Gasoline prices decrease (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.93 a gallon, down 1.9 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.37 a gallon, down 2.6 cents

  15. Gasoline prices decrease (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.63 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.89 a gallon, up a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.38 a gallon, down 3.9 cents

  16. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: ...

  17. Impact of Ethanol Blending on U.S. Gasoline Prices

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2008-11-01

    This study assesses the impact of ethanol blending on gasoline prices in the US today and the potential impact of ethanol on gasoline prices at higher blending concentrations.

  18. Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, ...

  19. Characterization of Pre-Commercial Gasoline Engine Particulates...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Pre-Commercial Gasoline Engine Particulates Through Advanced Aerosol Methods Characterization of Pre-Commercial Gasoline Engine Particulates Through Advanced Aerosol Methods ...

  20. Oxidation characteristics of gasoline direct-injection (GDI)...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    characteristics of gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engine soot: Catalytic effects of ash and modified kinetic correlation Title Oxidation characteristics of gasoline...

  1. Fact #890: September 14, 2015 Gasoline Prices Are Affected by...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Gasoline Prices Are Affected by Changes in Refinery Output File fotw890web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 ...

  2. High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies ...

  3. The potential for alcohols and related ethers to displace conventional gasoline components

    SciTech Connect

    Hadder, G.R.; McNutt, B.D.

    1996-02-01

    The United States Department of Energy is required by law to determine the feasibility of producing sufficient replacement fuels to replace 30 percent of the projected United States consumption of motor fuels by light duty vehicles in the year 2010. A replacement fuel is a non-petroleum portion of gasoline, including alcohols, natural gas and certain other components. A linear program has been used to study refinery impacts for production of ``low petroleum`` gasolines, which contain replacement fuels. The analysis suggests that high oxygenation is the key to meeting the replacement fuel target, and major contributors to cost increase can include investment in processes to produce olefins for etherification with alcohols. High oxygenation can increase the costs of control of vapor pressure, distillation properties, and pollutant emissions of gasolines. Year-round low petroleum gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum might be produced with cost increases of 23 to 37 cents per gallon, with substantial decreases in greenhouse gas emissions in some cases. Cost estimates are sensitive to assumptions about extrapolation of a national model for pollutant emissions, availability of raw materials and other issues. Reduction in crude oil use, a major objective of the low petroleum gasoline program, is 10 to 17 percent in the analysis.

  4. Gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.29 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  5. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.44 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  6. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.48 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 ½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  7. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  8. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  9. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  10. Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  11. Gasoline prices continue to rise (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to rise (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.67 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  12. Experimental and Modeling Study of the Flammability of Fuel Tank Headspace Vapors from Ethanol/Gasoline Fuels; Phase 3: Effects of Winter Gasoline Volatility and Ethanol Content on Blend Flammability; Flammability Limits of Denatured Ethanol

    SciTech Connect

    Gardiner, D. P.; Bardon, M. F.; Clark, W.

    2011-07-01

    This study assessed differences in headspace flammability for summertime gasolines and new high-ethanol content fuel blends. The results apply to vehicle fuel tanks and underground storage tanks. Ambient temperature and fuel formulation effects on headspace vapor flammability of ethanol/gasoline blends were evaluated. Depending on the degree of tank filling, fuel type, and ambient temperature, fuel vapors in a tank can be flammable or non-flammable. Pure gasoline vapors in tanks generally are too rich to be flammable unless ambient temperatures are extremely low. High percentages of ethanol blended with gasoline can be less volatile than pure gasoline and can produce flammable headspace vapors at common ambient temperatures. The study supports refinements of fuel ethanol volatility specifications and shows potential consequences of using noncompliant fuels. E85 is flammable at low temperatures; denatured ethanol is flammable at warmer temperatures. If both are stored at the same location, one or both of the tanks' headspace vapors will be flammable over a wide range of ambient temperatures. This is relevant to allowing consumers to splash -blend ethanol and gasoline at fueling stations. Fuels compliant with ASTM volatility specifications are relatively safe, but the E85 samples tested indicate that some ethanol fuels may produce flammable vapors.

  13. Petroleum Refining | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Petroleum Refining Petroleum Refining Maintaining the viability of the U.S. petroleum refining industry requires continuous improvement in productivity and energy efficiency. The U.S. refining industry has worked with AMO to provide a range of resources that can provide energy and cost savings for the industry. Analytical Studies & Other Publications Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints provide a mapping of energy use, energy loss, and carbon emissions for selected industry sectors.

  14. Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direction Injection (GTDI) Engine Development

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, Terrance

    2015-12-31

    This program was undertaken in response to US Department of Energy Solicitation DE-FOA-0000079, resulting in a cooperative agreement with Ford and MTU to demonstrate improvement of fuel efficiency in a vehicle equipped with an advanced GTDI engine. Ford Motor Company has invested significantly in GTDI engine technology as a cost effective, high volume, fuel economy solution, marketed globally as EcoBoost technology. Ford envisions additional fuel economy improvement in the medium and long term by further advancing EcoBoost technology. The approach for the project was to engineer a comprehensive suite of gasoline engine systems technologies to achieve the project objectives, and to progressively demonstrate the objectives via concept analysis / computer modeling, single-cylinder and multi-cylinder engine testing on engine dynamometer, and vehicle level testing on chassis rolls.

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Use Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data

  16. Minimally refined biomass fuel

    DOEpatents

    Pearson, Richard K.; Hirschfeld, Tomas B.

    1984-01-01

    A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water solubilizes the carbohydrates; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the vicosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

  17. Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices

    Reports and Publications

    2008-01-01

    Gasoline prices rose rapidly in spring 2007 due a variety of factors, including refinery outages and lower than expected imports. This report explores those factors and looks at the implications for 2008.

  18. Inquiry into August 2003 Gasoline Price Spike

    Reports and Publications

    2003-01-01

    U.S. Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham requested that the Energy Information Administration conduct an inquiry into the causes of the price increases of gasoline in July and August of 2003.

  19. Gasoline prices show sharp increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline saw its sharpest increase this year at 3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's up 18.1 cents from a week ago, based on ...

  20. Gasoline prices show sharp increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline saw its sharpest increase this year at 3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's up 18.1 cents from a week ago, based on the ...

  1. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil Figure 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Motor Gasoline 61.5% No. 2 Distillate 26.5% Other 0.5%...

  2. CLAMR (Compute Language Adaptive Mesh Refinement)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    CLAMR (Compute Language Adaptive Mesh Refinement) CLAMR (Compute Language Adaptive Mesh Refinement) CLAMR (Compute Language Adaptive Mesh Refinement) is being developed as a DOE...

  3. Chemistry Impacts in Gasoline HCCI

    SciTech Connect

    Szybist, James P; Bunting, Bruce G

    2006-09-01

    The use of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines is of interest because it has the potential to produce low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions while providing diesel-like efficiency. In HCCI combustion, a premixed charge of fuel and air auto-ignites at multiple points in the cylinder near top dead center (TDC), resulting in rapid combustion with very little flame propagation. In order to prevent excessive knocking during HCCI combustion, it must take place in a dilute environment, resulting from either operating fuel lean or providing high levels of either internal or external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Operating the engine in a dilute environment can substantially reduce the pumping losses, thus providing the main efficiency advantage compared to spark-ignition (SI) engines. Low NOx and PM emissions have been reported by virtually all researchers for operation under HCCI conditions. The precise emissions can vary depending on how well mixed the intake charge is, the fuel used, and the phasing of the HCCI combustion event; but it is common for there to be no measurable PM emissions and NOx emissions <10 ppm. Much of the early HCCI work was done on 2-stroke engines, and in these studies the CO and hydrocarbon emissions were reported to decrease [1]. However, in modern 4-stroke engines, the CO and hydrocarbon emissions from HCCI usually represent a marked increase compared with conventional SI combustion. This literature review does not report on HCCI emissions because the trends mentioned above are well established in the literature. The main focus of this literature review is the auto-ignition performance of gasoline-type fuels. It follows that this discussion relies heavily on the extensive information available about gasoline auto-ignition from studying knock in SI engines. Section 2 discusses hydrocarbon auto-ignition, the octane number scale, the chemistry behind it, its

  4. U.S. average gasoline prices falling to near $2 in December

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    In its new forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said high gasoline production, cheaper winter-grade gasoline, and lower gasoline demand following this summer's peak ...

  5. Trends in heavy oil production and refining in California

    SciTech Connect

    Olsen, D.K.; Ramzel, E.B.; Pendergrass, R.A. II

    1992-07-01

    This report is one of a series of publications assessing the feasibility of increasing domestic heavy oil production and is part of a study being conducted for the US Department of Energy. This report summarizes trends in oil production and refining in Canada. Heavy oil (10{degrees} to 20{degrees} API gravity) production in California has increased from 20% of the state`s total oil production in the early 1940s to 70% in the late 1980s. In each of the three principal petroleum producing districts (Los Angeles Basin, Coastal Basin, and San Joaquin Valley) oil production has peaked then declined at different times throughout the past 30 years. Thermal production of heavy oil has contributed to making California the largest producer of oil by enhanced oil recovery processes in spite of low oil prices for heavy oil and stringent environmental regulation. Opening of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Elk Hills (CA) field in 1976, brought about a major new source of light oil at a time when light oil production had greatly declined. Although California is a major petroleum-consuming state, in 1989 the state used 13.3 billion gallons of gasoline or 11.5% of US demand but it contributed substantially to the Nation`s energy production and refining capability. California is the recipient and refines most of Alaska`s 1.7 million barrel per day oil production. With California production, Alaskan oil, and imports brought into California for refining, California has an excess of oil and refined products and is a net exporter to other states. The local surplus of oil inhibits exploitation of California heavy oil resources even though the heavy oil resources exist. Transportation, refining, and competition in the market limit full development of California heavy oil resources.

  6. Trends in heavy oil production and refining in California

    SciTech Connect

    Olsen, D.K.; Ramzel, E.B.; Pendergrass, R.A. II.

    1992-07-01

    This report is one of a series of publications assessing the feasibility of increasing domestic heavy oil production and is part of a study being conducted for the US Department of Energy. This report summarizes trends in oil production and refining in Canada. Heavy oil (10{degrees} to 20{degrees} API gravity) production in California has increased from 20% of the state's total oil production in the early 1940s to 70% in the late 1980s. In each of the three principal petroleum producing districts (Los Angeles Basin, Coastal Basin, and San Joaquin Valley) oil production has peaked then declined at different times throughout the past 30 years. Thermal production of heavy oil has contributed to making California the largest producer of oil by enhanced oil recovery processes in spite of low oil prices for heavy oil and stringent environmental regulation. Opening of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Elk Hills (CA) field in 1976, brought about a major new source of light oil at a time when light oil production had greatly declined. Although California is a major petroleum-consuming state, in 1989 the state used 13.3 billion gallons of gasoline or 11.5% of US demand but it contributed substantially to the Nation's energy production and refining capability. California is the recipient and refines most of Alaska's 1.7 million barrel per day oil production. With California production, Alaskan oil, and imports brought into California for refining, California has an excess of oil and refined products and is a net exporter to other states. The local surplus of oil inhibits exploitation of California heavy oil resources even though the heavy oil resources exist. Transportation, refining, and competition in the market limit full development of California heavy oil resources.

  7. Refines Efficiency Improvement

    SciTech Connect

    WRI

    2002-05-15

    Refinery processes that convert heavy oils to lighter distillate fuels require heating for distillation, hydrogen addition or carbon rejection (coking). Efficiency is limited by the formation of insoluble carbon-rich coke deposits. Heat exchangers and other refinery units must be shut down for mechanical coke removal, resulting in a significant loss of output and revenue. When a residuum is heated above the temperature at which pyrolysis occurs (340 C, 650 F), there is typically an induction period before coke formation begins (Magaril and Aksenova 1968, Wiehe 1993). To avoid fouling, refiners often stop heating a residuum before coke formation begins, using arbitrary criteria. In many cases, this heating is stopped sooner than need be, resulting in less than maximum product yield. Western Research Institute (WRI) has developed innovative Coking Index concepts (patent pending) which can be used for process control by refiners to heat residua to the threshold, but not beyond the point at which coke formation begins when petroleum residua materials are heated at pyrolysis temperatures (Schabron et al. 2001). The development of this universal predictor solves a long standing problem in petroleum refining. These Coking Indexes have great potential value in improving the efficiency of distillation processes. The Coking Indexes were found to apply to residua in a universal manner, and the theoretical basis for the indexes has been established (Schabron et al. 2001a, 2001b, 2001c). For the first time, a few simple measurements indicates how close undesired coke formation is on the coke formation induction time line. The Coking Indexes can lead to new process controls that can improve refinery distillation efficiency by several percentage points. Petroleum residua consist of an ordered continuum of solvated polar materials usually referred to as asphaltenes dispersed in a lower polarity solvent phase held together by intermediate polarity materials usually referred to as

  8. ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes Prepared by Energetics Incorporated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial ...

  9. Gasoline from Wood via Integrated Gasification, Synthesis, and Methanol-to-Gasoline Technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, S. D.; Tarud, J. K.; Biddy, M. J.; Dutta, A.

    2011-01-01

    This report documents the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) assessment of the feasibility of making gasoline via the methanol-to-gasoline route using syngas from a 2,000 dry metric tonne/day (2,205 U.S. ton/day) biomass-fed facility. A new technoeconomic model was developed in Aspen Plus for this study, based on the model developed for NREL's thermochemical ethanol design report (Phillips et al. 2007). The necessary process changes were incorporated into a biomass-to-gasoline model using a methanol synthesis operation followed by conversion, upgrading, and finishing to gasoline. Using a methodology similar to that used in previous NREL design reports and a feedstock cost of $50.70/dry ton ($55.89/dry metric tonne), the estimated plant gate price is $16.60/MMBtu ($15.73/GJ) (U.S. $2007) for gasoline and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) produced from biomass via gasification of wood, methanol synthesis, and the methanol-to-gasoline process. The corresponding unit prices for gasoline and LPG are $1.95/gallon ($0.52/liter) and $1.53/gallon ($0.40/liter) with yields of 55.1 and 9.3 gallons per U.S. ton of dry biomass (229.9 and 38.8 liters per metric tonne of dry biomass), respectively.

  10. DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    More Documents & Publications DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study Long-Term Changes in Gas- and Particle-Phase Emissions from On-Road Diesel ...

  11. Combustion and Emissions Performance of Dual-Fuel Gasoline and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Combustion and Emissions Performance of Dual-Fuel Gasoline and Diesel HECC on a Multi-Cylinder Light Duty Diesel Engine Combustion and Emissions Performance of Dual-Fuel Gasoline ...

  12. Fact #835: August 25, 2014 Average Annual Gasoline Pump Price...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    35: Average Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 fotw835web.xlsx (21.31 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact 915: March 7, 2016 Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, ...

  13. ,"New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail ... 4:27:10 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail ...

  14. U.S. gasoline price falls under $3 (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    November 3, 2014 U.S. gasoline price falls under 3 (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since December 2010 at 2.99 a gallon ...

  15. U.S. gasoline price falls under $3 (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2014 U.S. gasoline price falls under 3 (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since December 2010 at 2.99 a gallon on Monday. ...

  16. Midcourse Refinements of Financing Strategies

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Financing Peer Exchange Call: Midcourse Refinements of Financing Strategies, Call Slides and Discussion Summary, March 29, 2012. During this webinar participants discussed how programs have adapted and refined their financing strategies based on initial implementation experience and learning.

  17. U.S. Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New England (PADD 1A) Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Delaware District of Columbia Maryland New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Florida Georgia North Carolina South Carolina Virginia West Virginia Midwest (PADD 2) Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma South Dakota Tennessee Wisconsin Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Alabama

  18. Crystal structure refinement with SHELXL

    SciTech Connect

    Sheldrick, George M., E-mail: gsheldr@shelx.uni-ac.gwdg.de [Department of Structural Chemistry, Georg-August Universitt Gttingen, Tammannstrae 4, Gttingen 37077 (Germany)

    2015-01-01

    New features added to the refinement program SHELXL since 2008 are described and explained. The improvements in the crystal structure refinement program SHELXL have been closely coupled with the development and increasing importance of the CIF (Crystallographic Information Framework) format for validating and archiving crystal structures. An important simplification is that now only one file in CIF format (for convenience, referred to simply as a CIF) containing embedded reflection data and SHELXL instructions is needed for a complete structure archive; the program SHREDCIF can be used to extract the .hkl and .ins files required for further refinement with SHELXL. Recent developments in SHELXL facilitate refinement against neutron diffraction data, the treatment of H atoms, the determination of absolute structure, the input of partial structure factors and the refinement of twinned and disordered structures. SHELXL is available free to academics for the Windows, Linux and Mac OS X operating systems, and is particularly suitable for multiple-core processors.

  19. Note on the structural stability of gasoline demand and the welfare economics of gasoline taxation

    SciTech Connect

    Kwast, M.L.

    1980-04-01

    A partial adjustment model is used to investigate how the 1973 to 1974 oil embargo affected the structural stability of gasoline demand and to compute the welfare effects of higher gasoline taxes. A variety of statistical tests are used to demonstrate the structural stability of gasoline demand in spite of higher prices. A case study demonstrates only modest price elasticity in response to increased taxes. Higher excise taxes are felt to be justified, however, as an efficient source of revenue even though their effect on demand is limited. 17 references, 4 tables. (DCK)

  20. Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.29 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.49 a gallon, up 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.08 a gallon, down 9-tenths of a penny. This is Amerine Woodyard, with

  1. Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    19, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.67 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.02 a gallon, down 7-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.44 a gallon, up 2-tenths of a penny.

  2. Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline decreased for the second week in a row to $3.71 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 4.05 a gallon, down 2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 3.47 a gallon, down 7-tenths of a penny

  3. Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.61 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.93 a gallon, down 1.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.43 a gallon, down 4.6

  4. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    , 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.48 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 ½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.71 a gallon, up 5.6 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.23 a gallon, up 1.8 cents. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA, in Washington.

  5. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    March 10, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.76 a gallon, up 4.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.25 a gallon, up 2 ½ cents.

  6. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.81 a gallon, up 5½ cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.28 a gallon, up 3.1 cents. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA, in Washington.

  7. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    14, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.98 a gallon, up 9.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain states at 3.44 a gallon, down 8-tenths of a penny

  8. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    21, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.03 a gallon, up a nickel from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain states at 3.45 a gallon, up 8-tenths of a penny

  9. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    24, 2014 Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.44 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast states at 3.65 a gallon, up 8 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.21 a gallon, up

  10. Gasoline prices continue to rise (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to rise (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.67 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.95 a gallon, up 1.4 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.39 a gallon, up 2.8 cents. The Midwest region boasted the highest weekly increase at 18.8 cents with

  11. Gasoline prices inch down (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices inch down (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.96 a gallon, down 4.2 cents from a week ago and marking the first dip below the 4 dollar mark since mid-February. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 3.47 a gallon, remaining unchanged

  12. NAFTA and gasoline: Canada, U. S. , Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-03-31

    The North American Free Trade Agreement has become a hotly debated topic all over the world, but especially in the countries involved: Mexico, United States, and Canada. Comments made by high ranking officials imply there are differences to reconcile before the agreement is passed. Toward seeing these countries in trio, this issue compares gasoline markets and some energy perspectives. The purpose of this article is to contribute to understanding of the three countries through their petroleum industry structure. Gasoline consumption and retail delivery infrastructure are compared and contrasted to illustrate the differences among the NAFTA countries.

  13. What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices?

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices? October 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices? i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States

  14. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace063_smith_2012_o.pdf (1.91 MB) More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car PHEV Engine and Aftertreatment Model Development

  15. Fact #565: April 6, 2009 Household Gasoline Expenditures by Income |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 5: April 6, 2009 Household Gasoline Expenditures by Income Fact #565: April 6, 2009 Household Gasoline Expenditures by Income In the annual Consumer Expenditure Survey, household incomes are grouped into five equal parts called quintiles (each quintile is 20%). Households in the second and third quintiles consistently have a higher share of spending on gasoline each year than households in the other quintiles. Household Gasoline Expenditures by Income Quintile Bar graph

  16. DOE Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline DOE Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline April 20, 2006 - 12:26pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today is reminding consumers about the Department of Energy's (DOE) gasoline price reporting system. Consumers can report activity at local gasoline filling stations that they believe may constitute "gouging" or "price fixing" by visiting gaswatch.energy.gov/. "There are many legitimate factors

  17. Improving Ethanol-Gasoline Blends by Addition of Higher Alcohols |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Ethanol-Gasoline Blends by Addition of Higher Alcohols Improving Ethanol-Gasoline Blends by Addition of Higher Alcohols Mixtures of ethanol, gasoline, and higher alcohols were evaluated to determine if they offer superior performance to ethanol/gasoline blends in meeting the Renewal Fuels Standard II. deer12_ickes.pdf (1.45 MB) More Documents & Publications Vehicle Certification Test Fuel and Ethanol Flex Fuel Quality Impact of ethanol and butanol as oxygenates on

  18. National Survey of E85 and Gasoline Prices

    SciTech Connect

    Bergeron, P.

    2008-10-01

    Study compares the prices of E85 and regular gasoline nationally and regionally over time for one year.

  19. Parallel Adaptive Mesh Refinement

    SciTech Connect

    Diachin, L; Hornung, R; Plassmann, P; WIssink, A

    2005-03-04

    As large-scale, parallel computers have become more widely available and numerical models and algorithms have advanced, the range of physical phenomena that can be simulated has expanded dramatically. Many important science and engineering problems exhibit solutions with localized behavior where highly-detailed salient features or large gradients appear in certain regions which are separated by much larger regions where the solution is smooth. Examples include chemically-reacting flows with radiative heat transfer, high Reynolds number flows interacting with solid objects, and combustion problems where the flame front is essentially a two-dimensional sheet occupying a small part of a three-dimensional domain. Modeling such problems numerically requires approximating the governing partial differential equations on a discrete domain, or grid. Grid spacing is an important factor in determining the accuracy and cost of a computation. A fine grid may be needed to resolve key local features while a much coarser grid may suffice elsewhere. Employing a fine grid everywhere may be inefficient at best and, at worst, may make an adequately resolved simulation impractical. Moreover, the location and resolution of fine grid required for an accurate solution is a dynamic property of a problem's transient features and may not be known a priori. Adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) is a technique that can be used with both structured and unstructured meshes to adjust local grid spacing dynamically to capture solution features with an appropriate degree of resolution. Thus, computational resources can be focused where and when they are needed most to efficiently achieve an accurate solution without incurring the cost of a globally-fine grid. Figure 1.1 shows two example computations using AMR; on the left is a structured mesh calculation of a impulsively-sheared contact surface and on the right is the fuselage and volume discretization of an RAH-66 Comanche helicopter [35]. Note the

  20. Electric Motors

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Section 313 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 raised Federal minimum efficiency standards for general-purpose, single-speed, polyphase induction motors of 1 to 500 horsepower (hp). This new standard took effect in December 2010. The new minimum efficiency levels match FEMP's performance requirement for these motors.

  1. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Diesel Fuel Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF DIESEL FUEL Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage) Taxes (percentage) Crude Oil (percentage) May-02 1.305 5.1 11.3 36.9 46.6 Jun-02 1.286 6.6 11.2 37.5 44.7 Jul-02 1.299 5.3 12.1 37.1 45.5 Aug-02 1.328 8.6 7.8 36.3 47.4 Sep-02 1.411 12.0 7.5 34.2 46.3 Oct-02 1.462 11.4 10.9 33 44.8 Nov-02 1.420 12.0 12.8 33.9 41.2 Dec-02 1.429 12.7 9.3 33.7 44.3 Jan-03 1.488 10.7

  2. Price changes in the gasoline market: Are Midwestern gasoline prices downward sticky?

    SciTech Connect

    1999-03-01

    This report examines a recurring question about gasoline markets: why, especially in times of high price volatility, do retail gasoline prices seem to rise quickly but fall back more slowly? Do gasoline prices actually rise faster than they fall, or does this just appear to be the case because people tend to pay more attention to prices when they`re rising? This question is more complex than it might appear to be initially, and it has been addressed by numerous analysts in government, academia and industry. The question is very important, because perceived problems with retail gasoline pricing have been used in arguments for government regulation of prices. The phenomenon of prices at different market levels tending to move differently relative to each other depending on direction is known as price asymmetry. This report summarizes the previous work on gasoline price asymmetry and provides a method for testing for asymmetry in a wide variety of situations. The major finding of this paper is that there is some amount of asymmetry and pattern asymmetry, especially at the retail level, in the Midwestern states that are the focus of the analysis. Nevertheless, both the amount asymmetry and pattern asymmetry are relatively small. In addition, much of the pattern asymmetry detected in this and previous studies could be a statistical artifact caused by the time lags between price changes at different points in the gasoline distribution system. In other words, retail gasoline prices do sometimes rise faster than they fall, but this is largely a lagged market response to an upward shock in the underlying wholesale gasoline or crude oil prices, followed by a return toward the previous baseline. After consistent time lags are factored out, most apparent asymmetry disappears.

  3. Gasoline price shows small increase (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    shows small increase (Short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.32 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  4. Gasoline price shows small increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices rose 4/10 of a cent to $3.30 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  5. Gasoline price up this week (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.36 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  6. Gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3 1/2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  7. Gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.50 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  8. Gasoline prices continue to fall (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  9. Gasoline prices continue to fall (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline decreased for the second week in a row to $3.71 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  10. Gasoline prices continue to fall (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.70 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  11. Gasoline prices continue to fall (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.61 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  12. Gasoline prices continue to fall (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.52 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  13. Gasoline prices fall slightly (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell slightly to $3.49 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  14. Gasoline prices inch down (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to $3.66 a gallon on Monday. That's up nine tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  15. Gasoline prices inch down (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  16. Gasoline prices inch down slightly (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell slightly to $3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  17. Gasoline prices up this week (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.61 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7.3 cents from a week ago and up 25.4 cents from two weeks ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  18. Gasoline prices up this week (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.75 a gallon on Monday. That's up almost 14 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  19. Gasoline prices up this week (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.78 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.7 cents from a week ago and up almost 43 cents from 4 weeks ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  20. Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006

    Reports and Publications

    2006-01-01

    A review of the market implications resulting from the rapid change from methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) to ethanol-blended reformulated gasoline (RFG) on the East Coast and in Texas. Strains in ethanol supply and distribution will increase the potential for price volatility in these regions this summer.

  1. MECS 2006 - Petroleum Refining | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Petroleum Refining MECS 2006 - Petroleum Refining Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining (NAICS 324110) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006) All available footprints and supporting documents Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Petroleum Refining (123.98 KB) More Documents & Publications Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) MECS 2006 - Alumina and Aluminum MECS 2006 - Cement

  2. U.S. gasoline consumption highest in 8 years

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. gasoline consumption highest in 8 years U.S. gasoline consumption this year is expected to be at the highest level since the record fuel demand seen back in 2007 as lower gasoline prices and more people finding jobs means more sales at the gasoline pump. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said gasoline consumption increased by 2.7% during the first eight months of 2015 and should rise by an average of 190,000 barrels per day this year to 9.1 million

  3. End-user tax survey: Government displacement of economic rent on gasoline

    SciTech Connect

    1995-04-30

    Taxes on motor fuels have continued to climb over the past two years as oil producers and oil consumers continue to help fill government coffers. Governments claim the taxes lead to fuel conservation, promote {open_quotes}alternative fuels,{close_quotes} and provide revenue that would need to be provided by some other tax if not for the fuel tax. In this issue, Energy Detente examines the level of taxation on gasoline in selected countries and how it has changed over the past two years.

  4. Electronic structure of superconductivity refined

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined A team of physicists propose a new model that expands on a little understood aspect of the electronic structure in high-temperature superconductors. July 10, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma

  5. Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guidance Tool (REFINe) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Focus Area: Renewable Energy...

  6. Honda motor company's CVCC engine

    SciTech Connect

    Abernathy, W.J.; Ronan, L.

    1980-07-01

    Honda Motor Company of Japan in a four-year period from 1968 to 1872 designed, tested, and mass-produced a stratified charge engine, the CVCC, which in comparison to conventional engines of similar output at the time was lower in CO, HC and NO/sub x/ emissions and higher in fuel economy. Honda developed the CVCC engine without government assistance or outside help. Honda's success came at a time when steadily increasing fuel costs and the various provisions of the Clean Air Act had forced US automakers to consider possible alternatives to the conventional gasoline engine. While most major engine manufacturers had investigated some form of stratified charge engine, Honda's CVCC was the only one to find successful market application. This case study examines the circumstances surrounding the development of the CVCC engine and its introduction into the Japanese and American markets.

  7. Advanced Motors

    SciTech Connect

    Knoth, Edward A; Chelluri, Bhanumathi; Schumaker, Edward J

    2012-12-14

    vProject Summary Transportation energy usage is predicted to increase substantially by 2020. Hybrid vehicles and fuel cell powered vehicles are destined to become more prominent as fuel prices rise with the demand. Hybrid and fuel cell vehicle platforms are both dependent on high performance electric motors. Electric motors for transportation duty will require sizeable low-speed torque to accelerate the vehicle. As motor speed increases, the torque requirement decreases which results in a nearly constant power motor output. Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) are well suited for this duty. , , These rotor geometries are configured in straight lines and semi circular arc shapes. These designs are of limited configurations because of the lack of availability of permanent magnets of any other shapes at present. We propose to fabricate rotors via a novel processing approach where we start with magnet powders and compact them into a net shape rotor in a single step. Using this approach, widely different rotor designs can be implemented for efficiency. The current limitation on magnet shape and thickness will be eliminated. This is accomplished by co-filling magnet and soft iron powders at specified locations in intricate shapes using specially designed dies and automatic powder filling station. The process fundamentals for accomplishing occurred under a previous Applied Technology Program titled, Motors and Generators for the 21st Century. New efficient motor designs that are not currently possible (or cost prohibitive) can be accomplished by this approach. Such an approach to motor fabrication opens up a new dimension in motor design. Feasibility Results We were able to optimize a IPMSM rotor to take advantage of the powder co-filling and DMC compaction processing methods. The minimum low speed torque requirement of 5 N-m can be met through an optimized design with magnet material having a Br capability of 0.2 T. This level of magnetic performance can

  8. Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Mixtures

    SciTech Connect

    Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

    2009-03-09

    Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

  9. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Cars

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Stuart R.

    2013-11-25

    The General Motors and DOE cooperative agreement program DE-EE0003379 is completed. The program has integrated and demonstrated a lean-stratified gasoline engine, a lean aftertreatment system, a 12V Stop/Start system and an Active Thermal Management system along with the necessary controls that significantly improves fuel efficiency for small cars. The fuel economy objective of an increase of 25% over a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu and the emission objective of EPA T2B2 compliance have been accomplished. A brief review of the program, summarized from the narrative is: The program accelerates development and synergistic integration of four cost competitive technologies to improve fuel economy of a light-duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions standards. These technologies can be broadly implemented across the U.S. light-duty vehicle product line between 2015 and 2025 and are compatible with future and renewable biofuels. The technologies in this program are: lean combustion, innovative passive selective catalyst reduction lean aftertreatment, 12V stop/start and active thermal management. The technologies will be calibrated in a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu mid-size sedan for final fuel economy demonstration.

  10. Reformulated gasoline deal with Venezuela draws heat

    SciTech Connect

    Begley, R.

    1994-04-06

    A fight is brewing in Congress over a deal to let Venezuela off the hook in complying with the Clean Air Act reformulated gasoline rule. When Venezuela threatened to call for a GATT panel to challenge the rule as a trade barrier, the Clinton Administration negotiated to alter the rule, a deal that members of Congress are characterizing as {open_quotes}secret{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}back door.{close_quotes}

  11. European Lean Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicle Benchmark

    SciTech Connect

    Chambon, Paul H; Huff, Shean P; Edwards, Kevin Dean; Norman, Kevin M; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y; Thomas, John F

    2011-01-01

    Lean Gasoline Direct Injection (LGDI) combustion is a promising technical path for achieving significant improvements in fuel efficiency while meeting future emissions requirements. Though Stoichiometric Gasoline Direct Injection (SGDI) technology is commercially available in a few vehicles on the American market, LGDI vehicles are not, but can be found in Europe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) obtained a European BMW 1-series fitted with a 2.0l LGDI engine. The vehicle was instrumented and commissioned on a chassis dynamometer. The engine and after-treatment performance and emissions were characterized over US drive cycles (Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET), and US06 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (US06)) and steady state mappings. The vehicle micro hybrid features (engine stop-start and intelligent alternator) were benchmarked as well during the course of that study. The data was analyzed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of the lean gasoline direct injection and micro hybrid technologies from a fuel economy and emissions perspectives with respect to the US market. Additionally that data will be formatted to develop, substantiate, and exercise vehicle simulations with conventional and advanced powertrains.

  12. untitled

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  13. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  14. untitled

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  15. untitled

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    221 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  16. untitled

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  17. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2003 250 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

  18. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Input Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous denatured aliphatic

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Low-Temperature Gasoline

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research | Department of Energy Low-Temperature Gasoline Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Low-Temperature Gasoline Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratories at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about low-temperature gasoline combustion engine research. ace004_dec_2014_o.pdf (1.5 MB) More

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Low-Temperature Gasoline

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research | Department of Energy Low-Temperature Gasoline Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Low-Temperature Gasoline Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratories at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about low-temperature gasoline combustion engine research. ace004_dec_2015_o.pdf (1.46 MB) More

  1. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update - Energy Information Administration

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ‹ See all petroleum reports Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update Gasoline Release Date: November 14, 2016 | Next Release Date: November 21, 2016 Diesel Fuel Release Date: November 14, 2016 | Next Release Date: November 21, 2016 Notice: Due to the pipeline disruption in the Southeast, the EPA and DOE have issued a waiver of the federal RFG requirements in the affected RFG areas in Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, and Virginia. These RFG areas may contain conventional gasoline

  2. Therma motor

    DOEpatents

    Kandarian, R.

    The disclosure is directed to a thermal motor utilizing two tapered prestressed parallel adjacent cylinders lengthwise disposed about one third in a coolant. Heat is applied to contacting portions of the cylinders outside the coolant to cause them to deform and turn. Heat sources such as industrial waste heat, geothermal hot water, solar radiation, etc. can be used.

  3. Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining Sector (NAICS 324110) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014 View footprints for other sectors here. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Petroleum Refining (125.36 KB) More Documents & Publications MECS 2006 - Petroleum Refining Cement (2010 MECS) Forest Products (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy Sankey

  4. Gasoline prices peak, expected to fall through end of 2016

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices peak, expected to fall through end of 2016 It's all downhill for U.S. drivers at least far as the outlook for gasoline prices is concerned. Gasoline prices are expected to gradually fall through the end of this year. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said the retail price for regular-grade gasoline averaged $2.37 per gallon in June. That's down 43 cents from the same month last year. The average monthly pump price is expected to drop to $2.01

  5. Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

  6. Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engines Poster presented at the 16th Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) ...

  7. U.S. summer gasoline prices dive this year

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. summer gasoline prices dive this year Along with a dip in the pool, U.S. drivers could also enjoy a dip in gasoline prices this summer compared to last year. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said the price for regular-grade gasoline will average $2.04 per gallon this summer. That's down about 60 cents from last year and the best summer deal at the pump in 12 years. Cheaper gasoline along with a stronger economy will encourage more driving. As a result,

  8. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting PDF icon ace063smith2013o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel ...

  9. DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters PDF icon 2005deerfujita.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study DOE's ...

  10. Diesel and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of Atmosphere...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Diesel and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of Atmosphere Composition and Health Responses to Inhaled Emissions 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference ...

  11. Load Expansion with Diesel/Gasoline RCCI for Improved Engine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Load Expansion with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions This poster will describe preliminary emission results of gasolinediesel RCCI in a ...

  12. Reformulated Gasoline Use Under the 8-Hour Ozone Rule

    Reports and Publications

    2002-01-01

    This paper focuses on the impact on gasoline price and supply when additional ozone non-attainment areas come under the new 8-hour ozone standard.

  13. Stories of Discovery and Innovation: Could Cheaper Gasoline be...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and Innovation: Could Cheaper Gasoline be "in the Cards"? Energy Frontier Research Centers ... Publications History Contact BES Home 08.06.12 Stories of Discovery and Innovation: Could ...

  14. In Vitro Genotoxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Semi-Volatile Organic Compound Materials In Vitro Genotoxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust Particulate and Semi-Volatile Organic Compound Materials 2002 ...

  15. GRAIN REFINEMENT OF URANIUM BILLETS

    DOEpatents

    Lewis, L.

    1964-02-25

    A method of refining the grain structure of massive uranium billets without resort to forging is described. The method consists in the steps of beta- quenching the billets, annealing the quenched billets in the upper alpha temperature range, and extrusion upset of the billets to an extent sufficient to increase the cross sectional area by at least 5 per cent. (AEC)

  16. Method for refining contaminated iridium

    DOEpatents

    Heshmatpour, B.; Heestand, R.L.

    1982-08-31

    Contaminated iridium is refined by alloying it with an alloying agent selected from the group consisting of manganese and an alloy of manganese and copper, and then dissolving the alloying agent from the formed alloy to provide a purified iridium powder.

  17. Fact #824: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline Fact 824: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline Sulfur naturally occurs in gasoline and diesel fuel, contributing to ...

  18. Process for producing gasoline of high octane number and particularly lead free gasoline, from olefininc c3-c4 cuts

    SciTech Connect

    Hellin, M.; Juguin, B.; Torck, B.; Vu, Q. D.

    1981-05-19

    Lead free gasoline of high octane number is obtained from C/sub 3/ and C/sub 4/ olefinic cuts as follows: propylene contained in the C/sub 3/ cut is oligomerized, at least 80% of the isobutene and less than 40% of the n-butenes of the C/sub 4/ cut are oligomerized to form an oligomerizate distilling in the gasoline range, which is separated from the unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons, the latter are subsequently alkylated to form a gasoline fraction which can be admixed with the oligomerizates of the Cnumber and the C/sub 4/ cuts to produce the desired high octane gasoline.

  19. Woody Biomass Converted to Gasoline by Five-Company Team | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Woody Biomass Converted to Gasoline by Five-Company Team Woody Biomass Converted to Gasoline by Five-Company Team October 22, 2015 - 10:50am Addthis A tanker picks up gasoline from the biorefinery. | Photo courtesy The Gas Technology Institute A tanker picks up gasoline from the biorefinery. | Photo courtesy The Gas Technology Institute A tanker picks up gasoline from the biorefinery. | Photo courtesy The Gas Technology Institute A tanker picks up gasoline from the biorefinery. |

  20. Gasoline price shows small increase (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices rose 4/10 of a cent to $3.30 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the New England States, at 3.52 a gallon, down 1/10 of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest at 2.87 a gallon in the Rocky Mountain States, with the biggest regional price drop at close to 7 cents.

  1. Gasoline price up this week (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    up this week (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.32 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. For the first time since early December pump prices were highest in the West Coast at 3.50 a gallon, up 1.2 cents from a week ago. For the fourth week in a row, prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 2.88 a gallon, up 1.3 cents.

  2. Gasoline price up this week (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.36 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. For the second week in a row, pump prices were highest in the West Coast at 3.55 a gallon, up 4.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 2.98 a gallon, up 10.1 cents marking the greatest regional increase this week.

  3. Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3 1/2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.95 a gallon, down 1.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.48 a gallon, down 2.5 cents. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  4. Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.50 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.89 a gallon, down 5.6 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.31 a gallon, down 6 1/2 cents.

  5. Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.89 a gallon, down 4 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.36 a gallon, down 7.1 cents.

  6. Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.52 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.80 a gallon, down 3.6 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.30 a gallon, down 2.9 cents.

  7. Gasoline prices fall slightly (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell slightly to $3.49 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.88 a gallon, down 1.7 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.30 a gallon, down 1.7 cents.

  8. Gasoline prices inch down slightly (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell slightly to $3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.84 a gallon, down 5.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.32 a gallon, down 3.9 cents.

  9. Gasoline prices inch up (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to $3.66 a gallon on Monday. That's up nine tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.88 a gallon, down 1.1 cents from a week ago. Followed by prices in the Midwest at 3.87 a gallon, up 3 cents. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.34 a gallon, down a tenth of a penny

  10. Gasoline prices rise again (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.78 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.7 cents from a week ago and up almost 43 cents from 4 weeks ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region, breaking the 4 dollar mark, at 4.05 a gallon, up 8 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 3.47 a gallon, up 6.2 cents.

  11. Gasoline prices up this week (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.61 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7.3 cents from a week ago and up 25.4 cents from two weeks ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.87 a gallon, up almost 13 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 3.27 a gallon, up 13 cents.

  12. Gasoline prices up this week (long version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.75 a gallon on Monday. That's up almost 14 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.97 a gallon, up almost 11 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 3.41 a gallon, up 13.5 cents.

  13. U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to $3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Pump prices were highest in the West Coast region at 3.75 a gallon, down 3.3 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast States at 3.38 a gallon, up 9-tenths of a penny.

  14. Fuel-based motor vehicle emission inventory

    SciTech Connect

    Singer, B.C.; Harley, R.A.

    1996-06-01

    A fuel-based methodology for calculating motor vehicle emission inventories is presented. In the fuel-based method, emission factors are normalized to fuel consumption and expressed as grams of pollutant emitted per gallon of gasoline burned. Fleet-average emission factors are calculated from the measured on-road emissions of a large, random sample of vehicles. Using this method, a fuel-based motor vehicle CO inventory was calculated for the South Coast Air Basin in California for summer 1991. Emission factors were calculated from remote sensing measurements of more than 70,000 in-use vehicles. Results of the study are presented and a conclusion is provided. 40 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.

  15. Table 5.22 Refiner Sales Prices and Refiner Margins for Selected...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Sales Prices to Resellers: 2 Aviation Gasoline 0.975 1.055 1.065 0.912 1.007 1.330 1.256 ... Sales Prices to End Users: 2 Aviation Gasoline 1.005 1.116 1.128 .975 1.059 1.306 1.323 ...

  16. A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control Technologies A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control ...

  17. Advanced Particulate Filter Technologies for Direct Injection Gasoline Engine Applications

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Specific designs and material properties have to be developed for gasoline particulate filters based on the different engine and exhaust gas characteristic of gasoline engines compared to diesel engines, e.g., generally lower levels of engine-out particulate emissions or higher GDI exhaust gas temperatures

  18. U.S. Gasoline Price Continues to Increase (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline Price Continues to Increase (Short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.27 a gallon on Monday. That's up 8.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  19. U.S. Gasoline prices continue increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.69 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  20. U.S. gasoline continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. gasoline continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.33 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1- tenth of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  1. U.S. gasoline continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. gasoline continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $3.33 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  2. U.S. gasoline price continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $2.75 a gallon on Monday. That's down 5.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  3. U.S. gasoline price continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gasoline Price Increases (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.72 a gallon on Monday. That's up 8.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  4. U.S. gasoline price continues to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price continues to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $2.79 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  5. U.S. gasoline price continues to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1, 2016 U.S. gasoline price continues to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $2.25 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodydard

  6. U.S. gasoline price continues to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5, 2015 U.S. gasoline price continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $2.32 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  7. U.S. gasoline price continues to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price continues to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.19 a gallon on Monday. That's up 12.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  8. U.S. gasoline price continues to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price continues to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.33 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  9. U.S. gasoline price continues to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price continues to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.47 a gallon on Monday. That's up 14.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  10. U.S. gasoline price decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline dropped to $2.80 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  11. U.S. gasoline price increases (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price increases (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.83 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  12. U.S. gasoline price increases this week (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline price increases this week (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.46 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4 tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  13. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.35 a gallon on Monday. That's down 5.5 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Marlana Anderson

  14. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $2.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  15. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $2.78 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  16. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.45 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  17. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.49 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  18. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.69 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  19. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.74 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  20. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.77 a gallon on Memorial Day Monday. That's up 3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  1. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.78 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6- tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  2. U.S. gasoline prices continued to decreased (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. gasoline prices continued to decreased (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.24 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  3. U.S. gasoline prices decrease (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6, 2015 U.S. gasoline prices decrease (Short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $2.41 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3 ½ cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington.

  4. U.S. gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6, 2014 U.S. gasoline prices decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.30 a gallon on Monday. That's down a nickel and a half from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard

  5. U.S. gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.64 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

  6. U.S. gasoline prices increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.22 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodydard

  7. U.S. gasoline prices remain steady (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices remain steady (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline remained unchanged this week at $2.78 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration

  8. U.S. gasoline prices unchanged (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices unchanged (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed no movement from last week. The average price remained flat at $3.70 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This

  9. U.S. gasoline prices unchanged (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington

  10. Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry During Lean NOx Trap Regeneration

    SciTech Connect

    Choi, Jae-Soon; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y; Partridge Jr, William P; Parks, II, James E; Norman, Kevin M; Huff, Shean P; Chambon, Paul H; Thomas, John F

    2010-01-01

    Lean NOx Trap (LNT) catalysts can effectively reduce NOx from lean engine exhaust. Significant research for LNTs in diesel engine applications has been performed and has led to commercialization of the technology. For lean gasoline engine applications, advanced direct injection engines have led to a renewed interest in the potential for lean gasoline vehicles and, thereby, a renewed demand for lean NOx control. To understand the gasoline-based reductant chemistry during regeneration, a BMW lean gasoline vehicle has been studied on a chassis dynamometer. Exhaust samples were collected and analyzed for key reductant species such as H2, CO, NH3, and hydrocarbons during transient drive cycles. The relation of the reductant species to LNT performance will be discussed. Furthermore, the challenges of NOx storage in the lean gasoline application are reviewed.

  11. MotorMaster+

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    MotorMaster+ is a free online National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Premium® efficiency motor selection and management tool that supports motor and motor systems planning by identifying the most efficient action for a given repair or motor purchase decision. The tool includes a catalog of more than 20,000 low-voltage induction motors, and features motor inventory management tools, maintenance log tracking, efficiency analysis, savings evaluation, energy accounting, and environmental reporting capabilities.

  12. Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal

    DOEpatents

    Derbidge, T. Craig; Mulholland, James A.; Foster, Edward P.

    1986-01-01

    An air-purged burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired without the coking thereof on the burner components. The air-purged burner is designed for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal in a tangentially fired boiler.

  13. GASOLINE VEHICLE EXHAUST PARTICLE SAMPLING STUDY

    SciTech Connect

    Kittelson, D; Watts, W; Johnson, J; Zarling, D Schauer,J Kasper, K; Baltensperger, U; Burtscher, H

    2003-08-24

    The University of Minnesota collaborated with the Paul Scherrer Institute, the University of Wisconsin (UWI) and Ricardo, Inc to physically and chemically characterize the exhaust plume from recruited gasoline spark ignition (SI) vehicles. The project objectives were: (1) Measure representative particle size distributions from a set of on-road SI vehicles and compare these data to similar data collected on a small subset of light-duty gasoline vehicles tested on a chassis dynamometer with a dilution tunnel using the Unified Drive Cycle, at both room temperature (cold start) and 0 C (cold-cold start). (2) Compare data collected from SI vehicles to similar data collected from Diesel engines during the Coordinating Research Council E-43 project. (3) Characterize on-road aerosol during mixed midweek traffic and Sunday midday periods and determine fleet-specific emission rates. (4) Characterize bulk- and size-segregated chemical composition of the particulate matter (PM) emitted in the exhaust from the gasoline vehicles. Particle number concentrations and size distributions are strongly influenced by dilution and sampling conditions. Laboratory methods were evaluated to dilute SI exhaust in a way that would produce size distributions that were similar to those measured during laboratory experiments. Size fractionated samples were collected for chemical analysis using a nano-microorifice uniform deposit impactor (nano-MOUDI). In addition, bulk samples were collected and analyzed. A mixture of low, mid and high mileage vehicles were recruited for testing during the study. Under steady highway cruise conditions a significant particle signature above background was not measured, but during hard accelerations number size distributions for the test fleet were similar to modern heavy-duty Diesel vehicles. Number emissions were much higher at high speed and during cold-cold starts. Fuel specific number emissions range from 1012 to 3 x 1016 particles/kg fuel. A simple

  14. Hige Compression Ratio Turbo Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement

    SciTech Connect

    Heywood, John; Jo, Young Suk; Lewis, Raymond; Bromberg, Leslie; Heywood, John

    2015-10-31

    The overall objective of this project was to quantify the potential for improving the performance and efficiency of gasoline engine technology by use of alcohols to suppress knock. Knock-free operation is obtained by direct injection of a second “anti-knock” fuel such as ethanol, which suppresses knock when, with gasoline fuel, knock would occur. Suppressing knock enables increased turbocharging, engine downsizing, and use of higher compression ratios throughout the engine’s operating map. This project combined engine testing and simulation to define knock onset conditions, with different mixtures of gasoline and alcohol, and with this information quantify the potential for improving the efficiency of turbocharged gasoline spark-ignition engines, and the on-vehicle fuel consumption reductions that could then be realized. The more focused objectives of this project were therefore to: Determine engine efficiency with aggressive turbocharging and downsizing and high compression ratio (up to a compression ratio of 13.5:1) over the engine’s operating range; Determine the knock limits of a turbocharged and downsized engine as a function of engine speed and load; Determine the amount of the knock-suppressing alcohol fuel consumed, through the use of various alcohol-gasoline and alcohol-water gasoline blends, for different driving cycles, relative to the gasoline consumed; Determine implications of using alcohol-boosted engines, with their higher efficiency operation, in both light-duty and medium-duty vehicle sectors.

  15. Environmental Regulatory Framework

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale Contents * Introduction * Motor Gasoline Summer Volatility (RVP) Regulations o Table 1. Summer Volatility Regulations for Motor Gasoline o Table 2. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Figure 1. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Table 3. Price Relationship Between Normal Butane and Motor Gasoline o Table 4. Market Price Premium for Low Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline *

  16. ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry (November 2007) ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry ...

  17. Rocky Mountain area petroleum product availability with reduced PADD IV refining capacity

    SciTech Connect

    Hadder, G.R.; Chin, S.M.

    1994-02-01

    Studies of Rocky Mountain area petroleum product availability with reduced refining capacity in Petroleum Administration for Defense IV (PADD IV, part of the Rocky Mountain area) have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model, a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy constraints on emissions of nitrogen oxides and winter toxic air pollutants. The studies do not predict refinery closures in PADD IV. Rather, the reduced refining capacities provide an analytical framework for probing the flexibility of petroleum refining and distribution for winter demand conditions in the year 2000. Industry analysts have estimated that, for worst case scenarios, 20 to 35 percent of PADD IV refining capacity could be shut-down as a result of clean air and energy tax legislation. Given these industry projections, the study scenarios provide the following conclusions: The Rocky Mountain area petroleum system would have the capability to satisfy winter product demand with PADD IV refinery capacity shut-downs in the middle of the range of industry projections, but not in the high end of the range of projections. PADD IV crude oil production can be maintained by re-routing crude released from PADD IV refinery demands to satisfy increased crude oil demands in PADDs II (Midwest), III (Gulf Coast), and Washington. Clean Air Act product quality regulations generally do not increase the difficulty of satisfying emissions reduction constraints in the scenarios.

  18. Higher crude oil prices contribute to higher summer gasoline prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Higher crude oil prices contribute to higher summer gasoline prices The recent rise in crude oil prices will be passed on to consumers in the form of higher gasoline prices this summer but drivers will still find lower prices at the pump compared to what they paid last year. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said the retail price for regular-grade gasoline will average $2.27 per gallon this summer. That's 6 cents higher than previously forecast but still

  19. Motor Repair Tech Brief

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Motor Repair Tech Brief u Why do motors fail? u When should you repair instead of replace? u How can reliability and efficiency be assured in a repair? This Tech Brief applies to: Random Wound Induction Motors Designs A-E Acknowledgements The following series of Repair Documents-The Service Center Evaluation Guide, Selected Bibliography on Electric Motor Repair, Model Repair Specifications for Low Voltage Motors, and Motor Repair Tech Brief- were produced by the U.S. Department of Energy's

  20. East Coast blizzard cuts into gasoline demand, but home electricity...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    demand rises U.S. monthly gasoline consumption declined in January, as the big winter storm that shut down many East Coast cities kept people in their homes and off the road. ...

  1. U.S. gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    price for regular gasoline fell to 3.46 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information...

  2. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago and down 13 cents from a month ago, based on the weekly price survey...

  3. U.S. gasoline prices continues to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.32 a gallon on Monday. That's down half a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information...

  4. U.S. gasoline prices decrease (Short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    price for regular gasoline fell to 2.45 a gallon on Monday. That's down 9-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information...

  5. Fact #869: April 20, 2015 Gasoline Direct Injection Captures...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Gasoline Direct Injection Captures 38% Market Share in Just Seven Years from First Significant Use File fotw869web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 905: December 28, 2015 ...

  6. Gasoline Compression Ignition - Start of Injection Timing Sweep...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact Us For more information, contact Greg Cunningham at (630) 252-8232 or media@anl.gov. Gasoline Compression Ignition - Start of Injection Timing Sweep (VERIFI) Share Topic...

  7. Process for conversion of lignin to reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline

    SciTech Connect

    Shabtai, Joseph S.; Zmierczak, Wlodzimierz W.; Chornet, Esteban

    1999-09-28

    A process for converting lignin into high-quality reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline compositions in high yields is disclosed. The process is a two-stage, catalytic reaction process that produces a reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product with a controlled amount of aromatics. In the first stage, a lignin material is subjected to a base-catalyzed depolymerization reaction in the presence of a supercritical alcohol as a reaction medium, to thereby produce a depolymerized lignin product. In the second stage, the depolymerized lignin product is subjected to a sequential two-step hydroprocessing reaction to produce a reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product. In the first hydroprocessing step, the depolymerized lignin is contacted with a hydrodeoxygenation catalyst to produce a hydrodeoxygenated intermediate product. In the second hydroprocessing step, the hydrodeoxygenated intermediate product is contacted with a hydrocracking/ring hydrogenation catalyst to produce the reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product which includes various desirable naphthenic and paraffinic compounds.

  8. Fact #915: March 7, 2016 Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2015 fotw915web.xlsx (24.76 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact 888: August 31, 2015 Historical Gas Prices - Dataset Fact ...

  9. 3-Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection: A High Value...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ...% CO2 reduction) at a significantly lower on-cost. PDF icon deer09kirwan.pdf More Documents & Publications Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle Reducing the Particulate Emission ...

  10. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since April 2009 to 2.04 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, ...

  11. U.S. gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level of the year at 3.21 a gallon on Monday. That's down 9.2 cents from a week ...

  12. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since April 2009 to 2.04 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based ...

  13. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.41 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Marlana Anderson , with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marlana Anderson, 202-586-2970

  14. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $2.40 a gallon on Monday. That's down 15.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Marlana Anderson, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marlana Anderson, 202-586-2970

  15. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell 5.4 cents from a week ago to $3.54 a gallon on Monday. This marks the first time since early March that prices have dipped below 3.55, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington

  16. U.S. gasoline prices continued to decreased (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. gasoline prices continued to decreased (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.27 a gallon on Monday. That's down 0.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Marlana Anderson, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marlana Anderson on

  17. U.S. gasoline prices decreased (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. gasoline prices decreased (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to $3.27 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Marlana Anderson, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marlana Anderson on

  18. U.S. gasoline prices increase (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    11, 2016 U.S. gasoline prices increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to $2.27 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA in Washington. For more information, contact Amerine Woodyard, 202-586-1256

  19. U.S. gasoline prices unchanged (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell 4.2 cents from a week ago to $3.59 a gallon on Monday. This marks the first time since early April that prices have dipped below 3.60, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington

  20. U.S. gasoline prices unchanged (short version)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell for the 5 th week in a row to $3.52 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.4 cents from a week ago and down 16.3 cents from a month ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in Washington

  1. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy 1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace063_smith_2011_o.pdf (1.81 MB) More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Cummins-ORNL\FEERC Emissions CRADA: NOx Control & Measurement Technology for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines, Self-Diagnosing

  2. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy 3 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace063_smith_2013_o.pdf (1.19 MB) More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Lean Miller Cycle System Development for Light-Duty Vehicles

  3. Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case | Department of Energy Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case The goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) is to enable the development of biomass technologies. PNNL-23053.pdf (0 B) More Documents & Publications Design

  4. Gasoline and the Environment - Energy Explained, Your Guide To

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Understanding Energy - Energy Information Administration Gasoline > Gasoline & the Environment Energy Explained - Home What Is Energy? Forms of Energy Sources of Energy Laws of Energy Units and Calculators Energy Conversion Calculators British Thermal Units (Btu) Degree-Days U.S. Energy Facts State and U.S. Territory Data Use of Energy In Industry For Transportation In Homes In Commercial Buildings Efficiency and Conservation Energy and the Environment Greenhouse Gases Effect on the

  5. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2016: Low-Temperature Gasoline

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research | Department of Energy Low-Temperature Gasoline Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2016: Low-Temperature Gasoline Combustion (LTGC) Engine Research Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) at the 2016 DOE Vehicle Technologies Office and Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Combustion Engines ace004_dec_2016_o_web.pdf (1.4 MB) More Documents &

  6. Improving the accuracy of macromolecular structure refinement

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    is challenging at low resolution. We compared refinement methods using synchrotron diffraction data of photosystem I at 7.4 resolution, starting from different initial models...

  7. Refiners Increasingly Employing Catalyst Regeneration as Alternative...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    million by the end of 2019. Refiners Benefit from Catalyst Regeneration Technology via Price Reductions and Lower Maintenance Costs The catalyst regeneration technology is the...

  8. Right rock: Finding/refining customer expectations

    SciTech Connect

    Ashby, R.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on methods of finding customer expectations of software and then refining the documentation and software to fit these expectations.

  9. Midcourse Refinements of Financing Strategies | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    March 29, 2012. During this webinar participants discussed how programs have adapted and refined their financing strategies based on initial implementation experience and learning. ...

  10. Electric and Gasoline Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Analysis

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    1995-05-24

    EAGLES1.1 is PC-based interactive software for analyzing performance (e.g., maximum range) of electric vehicles (EVs) or fuel economy (e.g., miles/gallon) of gasoline vehicles (GVs). The EV model provides a second by second simulation of battery voltage and current for any specified vehicle velocity/time or power/time profile. It takes into account the effects of battery depth-of-discharge (DOD) and regenerative braking. The GV fuel economy model which relates fuel economy, vehicle parameters, and driving cycle characteristics, canmore » be used to investigate the effects of changes in vehicle parameters and driving patterns on fuel economy. For both types of vehicles, effects of heating/cooling loads on vehicle performance can be studied. Alternatively, the software can be used to determine the size of battery needed to satisfy given vehicle mission requirements (e.g., maximum range and driving patterns). Options are available to estimate the time necessary for a vehicle to reach a certain speed with the application of a specified constant power and to compute the fraction of time and/or distance in a drivng cycle for speeds exceeding a given value.« less

  11. Gasoline from natural gas by sulfur processing

    SciTech Connect

    Erekson, E.J.; Miao, F.Q.

    1995-12-31

    The overall objective of this research project is to develop a catalytic process to convert natural gas to liquid transportation fuels. The process, called the HSM (Hydrogen Sulfide-Methane) Process, consists of two steps that each utilize a catalyst and sulfur-containing intermediates: (1) converting natural gas to CS{sub 2} and (2) converting CS{sub 2} to gasoline range liquids. Catalysts have been found that convert methane to carbon disulfide in yields up to 98%. This exceeds the target of 40% yields for the first step. The best rate for CS{sub 2} formation was 132 g CS{sub 2}/kg-cat-h. The best rate for hydrogen production is 220 L H{sub 2} /kg-cat-h. A preliminary economic study shows that in a refinery application hydrogen made by the HSM technology would cost $0.25-R1.00/1000 SCF. Experimental data will be generated to facilitate evaluation of the overall commercial viability of the process.

  12. Development of Ulta-Efficient Electric Motors

    SciTech Connect

    Shoykhet, B.; Schiferl, R.; Duckworth, R.; Rey, C.M.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Gouge, M.J.

    2008-05-01

    . Between the HTS field winding and the physical air gap is a series of concentric cylinders that act as vacuum insulation space walls as well as conducting paths for induced currents to flow in order to shield the HTS winding and the rotor cold space from time dependent fields. These time dependent fields may be caused by rotor hunting, during a change in motor load, or by non-fundamental component voltages and currents applied by the inverter. These motors are variable speed controlled by the inverter. Common large motor utility and industrial applications are pump and fan drives that are best suited by a variable speed motor. Inverter control of the HTS motor eliminates the need to design the rotor for line starting, which would dump a large amount of heat into the rotor that would then heavily tax the cryogenic cooling system. The field winding is fed by a brushless exciter that provides DC current to the HTS rotor winding. The stator winding is air or water cooled. Technical and commercial hurdles to industrial HTS motor product introduction and customer acceptance include (1) the high cost of HTS wire and the cryogenic cooling system components, (2) customer concerns about reliability of HTS motors, and (3) the ability to attain the loss reduction potential of large HTS motors. Reliance Electric has demonstrated a number of HTS based electric motors up to a 1000 hp, variable speed synchronous motor with an HTS field winding in the year 2000. In 2001 this motor was tested to 1600 hp with a sinusoidal (constant frequency) supply. Figure 1-2 shows the HTS motor on the dynamometer test stand in the Reliance Electric test lab. The extensive test program of the 1000 hp motor successfully demonstrated the technical feasibility of large HTS motors and the basic technologies involved, however the test results did indicate the need for design refinements. In addition, test results served to identify other more fundamental critical technology issues, and revealed the need to

  13. Crude Oil and Gasoline Price Monitoring

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    What drives crude oil prices? November 8, 2016 | Washington, DC An analysis of 7 factors that influence oil markets, with chart data updated monthly and quarterly price per barrel (real 2010 dollars) imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil WTI crude oil price 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events November 8, 2016 2 Low spare capacity Iraq invades Kuwait Saudis abandon swing producer

  14. Diesel engines vs. spark ignition gasoline engines -- Which is ``greener``?

    SciTech Connect

    Fairbanks, J.W.

    1997-12-31

    Criteria emissions, i.e., NO{sub x}, PM, CO, CO{sub 2}, and H{sub 2}, from recently manufactured automobiles, compared on the basis of what actually comes out of the engines, the diesel engine is greener than spark ignition gasoline engines and this advantage for the diesel engine increases with time. SI gasoline engines tend to get out of tune more than diesel engines and 3-way catalytic converters and oxygen sensors degrade with use. Highway measurements of NO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}, and CO revealed that for each model year, 10% of the vehicles produce 50% of the emissions and older model years emit more than recent model year vehicles. Since 1974, cars with SI gasoline engines have uncontrolled emission until the 3-way catalytic converter reaches operating temperature, which occurs after roughly 7 miles of driving. Honda reports a system to be introduced in 1998 that will alleviate this cold start problem by storing the emissions then sending them through the catalytic converter after it reaches operating temperature. Acceleration enrichment, wherein considerable excess fuel is introduced to keep temperatures down of SI gasoline engine in-cylinder components and catalytic converters so these parts meet warranty, results in 2,500 times more CO and 40 times more H{sub 2} being emitted. One cannot kill oneself, accidentally or otherwise, with CO from a diesel engine vehicle in a confined space. There are 2,850 deaths per year attributable to CO from SI gasoline engine cars. Diesel fuel has advantages compared with gasoline. Refinery emissions are lower as catalytic cracking isn`t necessary. The low volatility of diesel fuel results in a much lower probability of fires. Emissions could be improved by further reducing sulfur and aromatics and/or fuel additives. Reformulated fuel has become the term covering reducing the fuels contribution to emissions. Further PM reduction should be anticipated with reformulated diesel and gasoline fuels.

  15. Pneumatic conveying of pulverized solvent refined coal

    DOEpatents

    Lennon, Dennis R.

    1984-11-06

    A method for pneumatically conveying solvent refined coal to a burner under conditions of dilute phase pneumatic flow so as to prevent saltation of the solvent refined coal in the transport line by maintaining the transport fluid velocity above approximately 95 ft/sec.

  16. Fact #741: August 20, 2012 Historical Gasoline Prices, 1929-2011 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 1: August 20, 2012 Historical Gasoline Prices, 1929-2011 Fact #741: August 20, 2012 Historical Gasoline Prices, 1929-2011 When adjusted for inflation, the average annual price of gasoline in 2011 was $1.24 above the price of gasoline in 1929. The effect of the U.S. embargo of oil from Iran can be seen in the early 1980's with the price of gasoline peaking in 1982. From 2002 to 2008 the price of gasoline rose substantially, but then fell in 2009 during the economic

  17. Motor Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Efficiency Motors Eliminate Voltage Unbalance Eliminate Excessive In-Plant Distribution System Voltage Drops Improve Motor Operation at Off-Design Voltages Turn Motors Off When ...

  18. General Motors | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name: General Motors Place: Detroit, MI Website: www.generalmotors.com References: General Motors1 Information About Partnership with NREL...

  19. Aurica Motors | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Aurica Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aurica Motors Place: California Product: California-based Aurica Motors is planning to develop and manufacture an electric vehicle...

  20. Myers Motors | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Myers Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name: Myers Motors Place: Tallmadge, Ohio Zip: 44278 Sector: Vehicles Product: Myers Motors produces three wheeled electric vehicles....