National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for kwh daily avg

  1. AVG Koeln GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    AVG Koeln GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: AVG Koeln GmbH Place: Kln, Germany Zip: 50735 Product: Operating a Waste-to-Energy facility in Kln, Germany. References:...

  2. Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgConsumed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Name CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgConsumed Property Type Number Description Cooling Tower Water use (annual average) (afday) Consumed. Retrieved from "http:...

  3. Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgGross | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Name CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgGross Property Type Number Description Cooling Tower Water use (annual average) (afday) Gross. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  4. PROJECT PROFILE: kWh Analytics (Phase 3) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    PROJECT PROFILE: kWh Analytics (Phase 3) PROJECT PROFILE: kWh Analytics (Phase 3) Funding Opportunity: Orange Button (SB-DATA) SunShot Subprogram: Soft Costs Location: San Francisco, CA Amount Awarded: $1,000,000 Awardee Cost Share: $1,000,000 kWh Analytics will support the adoption of industry-led data standards, including the development of a data format translation software tool, Solar BabelFish, which will instantly translate original data formats into data standards. This will significantly

  5. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Other | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Edit with form History Property:BuildingSPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Other Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Other Pages using the property...

  6. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcEngineHeaters...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Property Edit with form History Property:BuildingSPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcEngineHeaters Jump to: navigation, search This is...

  7. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumpsUsedForColg...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Edit with form History Property:BuildingSPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumpsUsedForColg Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Heat pumps used...

  8. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Printers | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    rcityUseKwhM2Printers" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.928422444931 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 1.42372881356 + Sweden...

  9. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcHeating...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    UseKwhM2ElctrcHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.915704329247 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  10. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Total | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    EngyPerAreaKwhM2Total" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 221.549575215 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 213.701117318 + Sweden...

  11. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    ElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 9.09953195331 + Sweden Building...

  12. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pcs | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    fElctrcityUseKwhM2Pcs" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 26.0998626444 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 22.2888135593 + Sweden...

  13. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeKitchens...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    UseKwhM2LargeKitchens" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.763086941039 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  14. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    eKwhM2CirculationFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 13.3422495258 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  15. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrcHeating |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    reaKwhM2ElctrcHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.915704329247 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  16. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2AirCompressors...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    seKwhM2AirCompressors" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 1.33591087145 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  17. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pumps | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    lctrcityUseKwhM2Pumps" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 6.37190900733 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 6.03888185355 + Sweden...

  18. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Oil-FiredBoiler...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Oil-FiredBoiler Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Oil-fired boiler Pages using the property "BuildingSPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Oil-FiredBoiler"...

  19. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeComputersServers...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Large computers servers Pages using the property "BuildingSPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeComp...

  20. text in "Max kWh" fields | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    it should as we are trying to prevent users from writing "less than X", "greater than Y", etc. and follow the intention of the "Max kWh" field. Also there should be a warning...

  1. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2WoodChips | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    PerAreaKwhM2WoodChips" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  2. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Laundry | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    trcityUseKwhM2Laundry" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  3. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    gyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  4. CEMEX: Cement Manufacturer Saves 2.1 Million kWh Annually with a Motor Retrofit Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how the CEMEX cement manufacturing plant in Davenport, California, saves 2 million kWh and $168,000 in energy costs annually by replacing 13 worn-out motors with new energy-efficient ones.

  5. CEMEX: Cement Manufacturer Saves 2.1 Million kWh Annually with a Motor Retrofit Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-11-01

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how the CEMEX cement manufacturing plant in Davenport, California, saves 2 million kWh and $168,000 in energy costs annually by replacing 13 worn-out motors with new energy-efficient ones.

  6. Development of zinc-bromine batteries for utility energy storage. First annual report, 1 September 1978-31 August 1979. [8-kWh submodule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Putt, R.; Attia, A.J.; Lu, P.Y.; Heyland, J.H.

    1980-05-01

    Development work on the Zn/Br battery is reported. A major improvement was the use of a bipolar cell design; this design is superior with respect to cost, performance, and simplicity. A cost and design study for an 80-kWh module resulted in a cost estimate of $54/kWh(1979$) for purchased materials and components, on the basis of 2500 MWh of annual production. A cell submodule (nominal 2 kWh) of full-sized electrodes (1 ft/sup 2/) accrued over 200 continuous cycles in a hands-off, automatic routine with efficiencies in the range of 53 to 56%. Initial testing of a full-sized 8-kWh submodule demonstrated energy efficiencies of 65 to 67%. 23 figures, 10 tables. (RWR)

  7. Development of 8 kWh Zinc bromide battery as a precursor of battery for electric power storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujii, T.; Ando, Y.; Fujii, E.; Hirotu, A.; Ito, H.; Kanazashi, M.; Misaki, H.; Yamamoto, A.

    1984-08-01

    Zinc bromide battery is characterized with its room temperature operation, simple construction and easy maintenance. After four years' research and development of electrode materials, electrolyte composition, battery stack construction and other components, we prepared 1 kW class (8 kWh) battery for the first interim official evaluation. This battery showed a good and stable energy efficiency of 80% after 130 cycles of 1.25 kW 8 hours charge and 1.0 kW 8 hours discharge.

  8. Chlorine hazard evaluation for the zinc-chlorine electric vehicle battery. Final technical report. [50 kWh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zalosh, R. G.; Bajpai, S. N.; Short, T. P.; Tsui, R. K.

    1980-04-01

    Hazards associated with conceivable accidental chlorine releases from zinc-chlorine electric vehicle batteries are evaluated. Since commercial batteries are not yet available, this hazard assessment is based on both theoretical chlorine dispersion models and small-scale and large-scale spill tests with chlorine hydrate (which is the form of chlorine storage in the charged battery). Six spill tests involving the chlorine hydrate equivalent of a 50-kWh battery indicate that the danger zone in which chlorine vapor concentrations intermittently exceed 100 ppM extends at least 23 m directly downwind of a spill onto a warm (30 to 38/sup 0/C) road surface. Other accidental chlorine release scenarios may also cause some distress, but are not expected to produce the type of life-threatening chlorine exposures that can result from large hydrate spills. Chlorine concentration data from the hydrate spill tests compare favorably with calculations based on a quasi-steady area source dispersion model and empirical estimates of the hydrate decomposition rate. The theoretical dispersion model was combined with assumed hydrate spill probabilities and current motor vehicle accident statistics in order to project expected chlorine-induced fatality rates. These calculations indicate that expected chlorine fataility rates are several times higher in a city such as Los Angeles with a warm and calm climate than in a colder and windier city such as Boston. Calculated chlorine-induced fatality rate projections for various climates are presented as a function of hydrate spill probability in order to illustrate the degree of vehicle/battery crashworthiness required to maintain chlorine-induced fatality rates below current vehicle fatality rates due to fires and asphyxiations. 37 figures, 19 tables.

  9. Economic Competitiveness of U.S. Utility-Scale Photovoltaics Systems in 2015: Regional Cost Modeling of Installed Cost ($/W) and LCOE ($/kWh)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Economic Competitiveness of U.S. Utility-Scale Photovoltaics Systems in 2015: Regional Cost Modeling of Installed Cost ($/W) and LCOE ($/kWh) 1 Ran Fu, 2 Ted L James, 1 Donald Chung, 1 Douglas Gagne, 1 Anthony Lopez, 1 Aron Dobos 1 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO 80401, United States 2 Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E), San Francisco, CA 94105, United States Abstract - Utility-scale photovoltaics (PV) system growth is largely driven by the economic metrics of

  10. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    *Avg. of NGI's reported avg. prices for: Malin, PG&E citygate, and Southern California Border Avg. Source: NGI's Daily Gas Price Index (http:intelligencepress.com). Storage:...

  11. Backstage at the Daily Show

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Backstage footage from Secretary Chu's appearance on the Daily Show where he discuses the green room candy dish and possible lighting considerations.

  12. BPA Daily Notice (pbl/products)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Products > Products Daily Notice (surplus power) Transmission Losses Power Products Catalog Wind Smoothing and Intertie Service (Pilot) Firstgov BPA'S DAILY NOTICE Daily Notice...

  13. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    *Avg. of NGI's reported avg. prices for: Malin, PG&E citygate, and Southern California Border Avg. Source: NGI's Daily Gas Price Index (http:intelligencepress.com). At the NYMEX,...

  14. WAPA Daily Energy Accounting Activities

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1990-10-01

    ISA (Interchange, Scheduling, & Accounting) is the interchange scheduling system used by the DOE Western Area Power Administration to perform energy accounting functions associated with the daily activities of the Watertown Operations Office (WOO). The system's primary role is to provide accounting functions for scheduled energy which is exchanged with other power companies and power operating organizations. The system has a secondary role of providing a historical record of all scheduled interchange transactions. The followingmore » major functions are performed by ISA: scheduled energy accounting for received and delivered energy; generation scheduling accounting for both fossil and hydro-electric power plants; metered energy accounting for received and delivered totals; energy accounting for Direct Current (D.C.) Ties; regulation accounting; automatic generation control set calculations; accounting summaries for Basin, Heartland Consumers Power District, and the Missouri Basin Municipal Power Agency; calculation of estimated generation for the Laramie River Station plant; daily and monthly reports; and dual control areas.« less

  15. Energy Assurance Daily | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Assurance Daily Energy Assurance Daily Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems, flows, and markets, it provides highlights of energy issues rather than a comprehensive coverage. Energy Assurance Daily covers: Major energy developments Electricity, petroleum, and natural gas industries Other relevant news Energy prices The Infrastructure

  16. High-performance batteries for electric-vehicle propulsion and stationary energy storage. Progress report, October 1978-September 1979. [40 kWh, Li-Al and Li-Si anodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barney, D. L.; Steunenberg, R. K.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C.; Battles, J. E.; Hornstra, F.; Miller, W. E.; Vissers, D. R.; Roche, M. F.; Shimotake, H.; Hudson, R.; Askew, B. A.; Sudar, S.

    1980-03-01

    The research, development, and management activities of the programs at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and at contractors' laboratories on high-temperature batteries during the period October 1978 to September 1979 are reported. These batteries are being developed for electric-vehicle propulsion and for stationary energy-storage applications. The present cells, which operate at 400 to 500/sup 0/C, are of a vertically oriented, prismatic design with one or more inner positive electrodes of FeS or FeS/sub 2/, facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum or lithium-silicon alloy, and molten LiCl-KC1 electrolyte. During this reporting period, cell and battery development work has continued at ANL and contractors' laboratories. A 40 kWh electric-vehicle battery (designated Mark IA) was fabricated and delivered to ANL for testing. During the initial heat-up, one of the two modules failed due to a short circuit. A failure analysis was conducted, and the Mark IA program completed. Development work on the next electric-vehicle battery (Mark II) was initiated at Eagle-Picher Industries, Inc. and Gould, Inc. Work on stationary energy-storage batteries during this period has consisted primarily of conceptual design studies. 107 figures, 67 tables.

  17. max kwh | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    This is likely due to users not understanding the meaning of "Max kWh"--often I see things like: "300, 700, 1000" (derived from "first 300, next 700, greater than 1000") which...

  18. KWhOURS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Hamilton, Massachusetts Zip: 1982 Sector: Services Product: Massachusetts software maker which provides mobile data collection, calculation, and report generation...

  19. ARM - General Changes in Daily Lives

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ListGeneral Changes in Daily Lives Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans General Changes in Daily Lives Changes in our daily lives mainly depend on where we live and work. Building styles, working conditions, use of water, energy resources, crops, and leisure activities will need

  20. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): January- March 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  1. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): May 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  2. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): June 2012

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  3. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): April 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  4. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): July 2012

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  5. Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Jump to: navigation, search Name: Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Address: 1991 Crocker Road, Suite 600 Place: Cleveland, Ohio Zip: 44145...

  6. Property:DailyOpWaterUseConsumed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Name DailyOpWaterUseConsumed Property Type Number Description Daily Operation Water Use (afday) Consumed. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProper...

  7. Property:DailyOpWaterUseGross | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Name DailyOpWaterUseGross Property Type Number Description Daily Operation Water Use (afday) Gross. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:...

  8. TWP-ICE Daily Synoptic Overview

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Daily Synoptic Overview 16 January - 14 February 2006 Lori Chappel Bureau of Meteorology Weather Overview * 13 January - 2 February 2006 Monsoon across north Australia; - 13-25 January - active "wet" monsoon; - 26 Jan - 2 Feb - "dry" monsoon over Top End; * 3 -13 February - Break period, inland heat trough across north Australia 13 January - 2 February 2006 Monsoon across north Australia * 16-19 Jan - westerly monsoon flow; * 19-24 Jan - TC Daryl forms off WA coast and moves

  9. Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data - Hanford Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hanford Meteorological Station Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data Hanford Meteorological Station Real Time Met Data from Around the Site Current and Past 48 Hours HMS Observations Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data Met and Climate Data Summary Products Contacts / Hours Current NWS Forecast for the Tri-Cities NWS Windchill Chart Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size This table shows the daily extremes at each of the remote stations

  10. TRENDS IN ESTIMATED MIXING DEPTH DAILY MAXIMUMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buckley, R; Amy DuPont, A; Robert Kurzeja, R; Matt Parker, M

    2007-11-12

    Mixing depth is an important quantity in the determination of air pollution concentrations. Fireweather forecasts depend strongly on estimates of the mixing depth as a means of determining the altitude and dilution (ventilation rates) of smoke plumes. The Savannah River United States Forest Service (USFS) routinely conducts prescribed fires at the Savannah River Site (SRS), a heavily wooded Department of Energy (DOE) facility located in southwest South Carolina. For many years, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has provided forecasts of weather conditions in support of the fire program, including an estimated mixing depth using potential temperature and turbulence change with height at a given location. This paper examines trends in the average estimated mixing depth daily maximum at the SRS over an extended period of time (4.75 years) derived from numerical atmospheric simulations using two versions of the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS). This allows for differences to be seen between the model versions, as well as trends on a multi-year time frame. In addition, comparisons of predicted mixing depth for individual days in which special balloon soundings were released are also discussed.

  11. New director of Jefferson Lab named (Daily Press) | Jefferson...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlesnew-director-jefferson-lab-named-daily-press New director of Jefferson Lab named Hugh Montgomery Hugh Montgomery has been named president of...

  12. Montana Total Maximum Daily Load Development Projects Wiki |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wiki Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Total Maximum Daily Load Development Projects Wiki Abstract Provides information on...

  13. Question of the Week: What Is Your Daily Commute Like?

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In data collected from 2005 through 2007, The U.S. Census Bureau found that 76% of workers drove alone to work. Tell us about your daily commute?

  14. Property:AvgGeoFluidTemp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    F 839.07 R + Bouillante Geothermal Area + 528.15 K255 C 491 F 950.67 R + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 460.15 K187 C 368.6 F 828.27 R + C Cerro Prieto...

  15. Property:CommercialAvgRate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Company AEP Ohio AEP Texas Central Company AEP Texas North Company AES Eastern Energy LP ARCO Products Co-Watson Accent Energy Holdings, LLC Aguila Irrigation District...

  16. Property:IndustrialAvgRate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Company AEP Ohio AEP Texas Central Company AEP Texas North Company AES Eastern Energy LP ARCO Products Co-Watson Accent Energy Holdings, LLC Aguila Irrigation District...

  17. Property:AvgReservoirDepth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    yd + Amedee Geothermal Area + 213 m0.213 km 0.132 mi 698.819 ft 232.939 yd + B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area + 1,500 m1.5 km 0.932 mi 4,921.26 ft 1,640.415 yd + Bad Blumau...

  18. Property:AvgWellDepth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Springs Geothermal Power Plant + 915 + O Ohaaki Geothermal Power Station + 1,750 + R Raft River Geothermal Facility + 1,829 + Reykjanes Geothermal Power Station + 2,700 +...

  19. Property:AvgAnnlGrossOpCpcty | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    + F Fang Geothermal Power Station + 0.3 + Farinello Geothermal Power Station + 60 + Faulkner I Energy Generation Facility + 49.5 + H Hellisheidi Geothermal Power Station + 303 +...

  20. kWh Analytics: Quality Ratings for PV

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation summarizes the information given during the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum, June 13-14, 2012.

  1. Property:Incentive/PVNPFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Advanced Renewables Tariff (Wisconsin) + 0.25 + C CPS Energy - Solartricity Producer Program (Texas) + 0.27 + N NC GreenPower Production...

  2. Property:Incentive/PVResFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Advanced Renewables Tariff (Wisconsin) + 0.25 + C CPS Energy - Solartricity Producer Program (Texas) + 0.27 + N NC GreenPower Production...

  3. Property:Incentive/PVComFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Advanced Renewables Tariff (Wisconsin) + 0.25 + C CPS Energy - Solartricity Producer Program (Texas) + 0.27 + N NC GreenPower Production...

  4. Italian Physicist Named Deputy Associate Director at JLab (Daily Press) |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson Lab Italian Physicist Named Deputy Associate Director at JLab (Daily Press) External Link: http://www.dailypress.com/news/science/dead-rise-blog/dp-italian-physicist-named... By jlab_admin on Tue, 2012-02-1

  5. Their best defense is good fiscal sense (Daily Press) | Jefferson...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlestheir-best-defense-good-fiscal-sense-daily-press Their best defense is good fiscal sense Top Guard Security finds it can be a good idea to say,...

  6. JLab's economic footprint expands (Daily Press) | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    JLab's economic footprint expands (Daily Press) External Link: http://articles.dailypress.com/2011-01-20/news/dp-nws-jlab-economy-20110120_1_je... By jlab_admin on Thu, 2011-01-2

  7. Jefferson Lab: Laser gun to eventually shoot down missiles (Daily...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson Lab: Laser gun to eventually shoot down missiles (Daily Press) External Link: http:articles.dailypress.com2011-02-21newsdp-nws-jefferson-lab-201102211j... By ...

  8. Invisible Science: Lab Breakthroughs in Our Daily Lives | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Invisible Science: Lab Breakthroughs in Our Daily Lives Invisible Science: Lab Breakthroughs in Our Daily Lives April 24, 2012 - 2:30pm Addthis The Lab Breakthroughs video series focuses on the array of technological advancements and discoveries that stem from research performed in the National Labs, including improvements in industrial processes, discoveries in fundamental scientific research, and innovative medicines. <a href="http://energy.gov/lab-breakthroughs">See

  9. Once-Daily Radiation Therapy for Inflammatory Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Lindsay; Harmsen, William; Blanchard, Miran; Goetz, Matthew; Jakub, James; Mutter, Robert; Petersen, Ivy; Rooney, Jessica; Stauder, Michael; Yan, Elizabeth; Laack, Nadia

    2014-08-01

    Purpose: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare and aggressive breast cancer variant treated with multimodality therapy. A variety of approaches intended to escalate the intensity and efficacy of radiation therapy have been reported, including twice-daily radiation therapy, dose escalation, and aggressive use of bolus. Herein, we examine our outcomes for patients treated with once-daily radiation therapy with aggressive bolus utilization, focusing on treatment technique. Methods and Materials: A retrospective review of patients with nonmetastatic IBC treated from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2010, was performed. Locoregional control (LRC), disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS) and predictors thereof were assessed. Results: Fifty-two women with IBC were identified, 49 (94%) of whom were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. All underwent mastectomy followed by adjuvant radiation therapy. Radiation was delivered in once-daily fractions of 1.8 to 2.25 Gy (median, 2 Gy). Patients were typically treated with daily 1-cm bolus throughout treatment, and 33 (63%) received a subsequent boost to the mastectomy scar. Five-year Kaplan Meier survival estimates for LRC, DFS, and OS were 81%, 56%, and 64%, respectively. Locoregional recurrence was associated with poorer OS (P<.001; hazard ratio [HR], 4.1). Extracapsular extension was associated with worse LRC (P=.02), DFS (P=.007), and OS (P=.002). Age greater than 50 years was associated with better DFS (P=.03). Pathologic complete response was associated with a trend toward improved LRC (P=.06). Conclusions: Once-daily radiation therapy with aggressive use of bolus for IBC results in outcomes consistent with previous reports using various intensified radiation therapy regimens. LRC remains a challenge despite modern systemic therapy. Extracapsular extension, age ≤50 years, and lack of complete response to chemotherapy appear to be associated with worse outcomes. Novel strategies are needed in IBC

  10. Daily QA of linear accelerators using only EPID and OBI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Baozhou Goddu, S. Murty; Yaddanapudi, Sridhar; Noel, Camille; Li, Hua; Cai, Bin; Kavanaugh, James; Mutic, Sasa

    2015-10-15

    Purpose: As treatment delivery becomes more complex, there is a pressing need for robust quality assurance (QA) tools to improve efficiency and comprehensiveness while simultaneously maintaining high accuracy and sensitivity. This work aims to present the hardware and software tools developed for comprehensive QA of linear accelerator (LINAC) using only electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) and kV flat panel detectors. Methods: A daily QA phantom, which includes two orthogonally positioned phantoms for QA of MV-beams and kV onboard imaging (OBI) is suspended from the gantry accessory holder to test both geometric and dosimetric components of a LINAC and an OBI. The MV component consists of a 0.5 cm water-equivalent plastic sheet incorporating 11 circular steel plugs for transmission measurements through multiple thicknesses and one resolution plug for MV-image quality testing. The kV-phantom consists of a Leeds phantom (TOR-18 FG phantom supplied by Varian) for testing low and high contrast resolutions. In the developed process, the existing LINAC tools were used to automate daily acquisition of MV and kV images and software tools were developed for simultaneous analysis of these images. A method was developed to derive and evaluate traditional QA parameters from these images [output, flatness, symmetry, uniformity, TPR{sub 20/10}, and positional accuracy of the jaws and multileaf collimators (MLCs)]. The EPID-based daily QA tools were validated by performing measurements on a detuned 6 MV beam to test its effectiveness in detecting errors in output, symmetry, energy, and MLC positions. The developed QA process was clinically commissioned, implemented, and evaluated on a Varian TrueBeam LINAC (Varian Medical System, Palo Alto, CA) over a period of three months. Results: Machine output constancy measured with an EPID (as compared against a calibrated ion-chamber) is shown to be within ±0.5%. Beam symmetry and flatness deviations measured using an EPID and a 2D

  11. Daily temperature and precipitation data for 223 USSR Stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razuvaev, V.N.; Apasova, E.G.; Martuganov, R.A.; Vose, R.S.; Steurer, P.M.

    1993-11-01

    On- May 23, 1972, the United States and the USSR established a bilateral initiative known as the Agreement on Protection of the Environment. Given recent interest in possible greenhouse gas-induced climate change, Working Group VIII (Influence of Environmental Changes on Climate) has become particularly useful to the scientific communities of both nations. Among its many achievements, Working Group VIII has been instrumental in the exchange of climatological information between the principal climate data centers of each country [i.e., the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) in Asheville, North Carolina, and the Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information in Obninsk, Russia]. Considering the relative lack of climate records previously available for the USSR, data obtained via this bilateral exchange are particularly valuable to researchers outside the former Soviet Union. To expedite the dissemination of these data, NOAA`s Climate and Global Change Program funded the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and NCDC to distribute one of the more useful archives acquired through this exchange: a 223-station daily data set covering the period 1881-1989. This data set contains: (1) daily mean, minimum, and maximum temperature data; (2) daily precipitation data; (3) station inventory information (WMO No., name, coordinates, and elevation); (4) station history information (station relocation and rain gauge replacement dates); and (5) quality assurance information (i.e., flag codes that were assigned as a result of various data checks). The data set is available, free of charge, as a Numeric Data Package (NDP) from CDIAC. The NDP consists of 18 data files and a printed document which describes both the data files and the 223-station network in detail.

  12. Electric Blanket Delivers K.O. to Space Heater During #EnergyFaceoff...

    Energy Savers

    Space Heater Space Heater (low end of energy use): (750 W x 8 hours) 1000 6 kWhday (daily consumption) 6 kWhday x 50 days 300 kWh (annual energy consumption) 300 kWh x ...

  13. MO-G-BRE-04: Automatic Verification of Daily Treatment Deliveries and Generation of Daily Treatment Reports for a MR Image-Guided Treatment Machine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, D; Li, X; Li, H; Wooten, H; Green, O; Rodriguez, V; Mutic, S

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Two aims of this work were to develop a method to automatically verify treatment delivery accuracy immediately after patient treatment and to develop a comprehensive daily treatment report to provide all required information for daily MR-IGRT review. Methods: After systematically analyzing the requirements for treatment delivery verification and understanding the available information from a novel MR-IGRT treatment machine, we designed a method to use 1) treatment plan files, 2) delivery log files, and 3) dosimetric calibration information to verify the accuracy and completeness of daily treatment deliveries. The method verifies the correctness of delivered treatment plans and beams, beam segments, and for each segment, the beam-on time and MLC leaf positions. Composite primary fluence maps are calculated from the MLC leaf positions and the beam-on time. Error statistics are calculated on the fluence difference maps between the plan and the delivery. We also designed the daily treatment delivery report by including all required information for MR-IGRT and physics weekly review - the plan and treatment fraction information, dose verification information, daily patient setup screen captures, and the treatment delivery verification results. Results: The parameters in the log files (e.g. MLC positions) were independently verified and deemed accurate and trustable. A computer program was developed to implement the automatic delivery verification and daily report generation. The program was tested and clinically commissioned with sufficient IMRT and 3D treatment delivery data. The final version has been integrated into a commercial MR-IGRT treatment delivery system. Conclusion: A method was developed to automatically verify MR-IGRT treatment deliveries and generate daily treatment reports. Already in clinical use since December 2013, the system is able to facilitate delivery error detection, and expedite physician daily IGRT review and physicist weekly chart

  14. Characterizing Sub-Daily Flow Regimes: Implications of Hydrologic Resolution on Ecohydrology Studies

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Bevelhimer, Mark S.; McManamay, Ryan A.; O'Connor, B.

    2014-05-26

    Natural variability in flow is a primary factor controlling geomorphic and ecological processes in riverine ecosystems. Within the hydropower industry, there is growing pressure from environmental groups and natural resource managers to change reservoir releases from daily peaking to run-of-river operations on the basis of the assumption that downstream biological communities will improve under a more natural flow regime. In this paper, we discuss the importance of assessing sub-daily flows for understanding the physical and ecological dynamics within river systems. We present a variety of metrics for characterizing sub-daily flow variation and use these metrics to evaluate general trends amongmore » streams affected by peaking hydroelectric projects, run-of-river projects and streams that are largely unaffected by flow altering activities. Univariate and multivariate techniques were used to assess similarity among different stream types on the basis of these sub-daily metrics. For comparison, similar analyses were performed using analogous metrics calculated with mean daily flow values. Our results confirm that sub-daily flow metrics reveal variation among and within streams that are not captured by daily flow statistics. Using sub-daily flow statistics, we were able to quantify the degree of difference between unaltered and peaking streams and the amount of similarity between unaltered and run-of-river streams. The sub-daily statistics were largely uncorrelated with daily statistics of similar scope. Furthermore, on short temporal scales, sub-daily statistics reveal the relatively constant nature of unaltered streamreaches and the highly variable nature of hydropower-affected streams, whereas daily statistics show just the opposite over longer temporal scales.« less

  15. Characterizing Sub-Daily Flow Regimes: Implications of Hydrologic Resolution on Ecohydrology Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bevelhimer, Mark S.; McManamay, Ryan A.; O'Connor, B.

    2014-05-26

    Natural variability in flow is a primary factor controlling geomorphic and ecological processes in riverine ecosystems. Within the hydropower industry, there is growing pressure from environmental groups and natural resource managers to change reservoir releases from daily peaking to run-of-river operations on the basis of the assumption that downstream biological communities will improve under a more natural flow regime. In this paper, we discuss the importance of assessing sub-daily flows for understanding the physical and ecological dynamics within river systems. We present a variety of metrics for characterizing sub-daily flow variation and use these metrics to evaluate general trends among streams affected by peaking hydroelectric projects, run-of-river projects and streams that are largely unaffected by flow altering activities. Univariate and multivariate techniques were used to assess similarity among different stream types on the basis of these sub-daily metrics. For comparison, similar analyses were performed using analogous metrics calculated with mean daily flow values. Our results confirm that sub-daily flow metrics reveal variation among and within streams that are not captured by daily flow statistics. Using sub-daily flow statistics, we were able to quantify the degree of difference between unaltered and peaking streams and the amount of similarity between unaltered and run-of-river streams. The sub-daily statistics were largely uncorrelated with daily statistics of similar scope. Furthermore, on short temporal scales, sub-daily statistics reveal the relatively constant nature of unaltered streamreaches and the highly variable nature of hydropower-affected streams, whereas daily statistics show just the opposite over longer temporal scales.

  16. Today in Energy - Daily Prices - Prices - U.S. Energy Information

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Administration (EIA) November 18, 2016Daily Prices Daily wholesale and retail prices for various energy products are shown below, including spot prices and select futures prices at national or regional levels. Prices are updated each weekday (excluding federal holidays), typically between 7:30 and 8:30 a.m. This page is meant to provide a snapshot of selected daily prices only. Prices are republished by EIA with permission as follows: Wholesale Spot Petroleum Prices from Thomson Reuters,

  17. Fact #917: March 21, 2016 Work Truck Daily Idle Time by Industry |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 7: March 21, 2016 Work Truck Daily Idle Time by Industry Fact #917: March 21, 2016 Work Truck Daily Idle Time by Industry SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week Results of the 2015 Work Truck Electrification and Idle Management Study showed the daily idle time for work truck fleets. Daily idle times by industry show that the truck fleets in the utility/telecommunications industry had the longest idle times. Thirty-nine percent of respondents indicated that their fleets idled

  18. McGinness Hills Well 27A-10 Daily Drilling Report Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Knudsen, Steven

    This data should be used with the daily drilling record and other data which can be obtained from the contact listed below

  19. McGinness Hills Well 27A-10 Daily Drilling Report Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Knudsen, Steven

    2014-03-25

    This data should be used with the daily drilling record and other data which can be obtained from the contact listed below

  20. Fact #917: March 21, 2016 Work Truck Daily Idle Time by Industry - Dataset

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy 7: March 21, 2016 Work Truck Daily Idle Time by Industry - Dataset Fact #917: March 21, 2016 Work Truck Daily Idle Time by Industry - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Work Truck Daily Idle Time by Industry fotw#917_web.xlsx (15.85 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #916: March 14, 2016 Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was the Top Reason Cited by Truck Fleet Management for Adopting Idle Reduction Technologies - Dataset Fact #833: August 11, 2014 Fuel Economy

  1. Study of global daily solar radiation and its relation to sunshine duration in Bahrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Sadah, F.H.; Ragab, F.M. )

    1991-01-01

    The regression coefficients a and b of Angstrom type correlation for the monthly daily average global solar radiation have been determined. The two constants a and b have been derived for different months during the period 1983-1987. The clearness index (H/H{sub 0}) based on predicted and measured values of global daily solar radiation is presented for different seasons of the year. The study depicts the various astronomical and meteorological parameters affecting the global radiation in Bahrain.

  2. Property:AvgTempGeoFluidIntoPlant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    North Brawley Geothermal Power Plant + 520 + O Ormesa IH Geothermal Facility + 296 + R Raft River Geothermal Facility + 270 + Reykjanes Geothermal Power Station + 590 + Retrieved...

  3. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2OtherElctrty | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    + 53.5026548673 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 58.7608028994 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 61.5607534672 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 40.3846153846 + Sweden Building 05K0009 +...

  4. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Total | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    + 65.5403331042 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 41.6418235453 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 56.5413268466 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 150.269021739 + Sweden Building 05K0011 +...

  5. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrtyTotal | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    + 54.2477876106 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 58.7608028994 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 61.5607534672 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 40.3846153846 + Sweden Building 05K0009 +...

  6. Electric rate that shifts hourly may foretell spot-market kWh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, N.

    1985-11-25

    Four California industrial plants have cut their electricity bills up to 16% by shifting from the traditional time-of-use rates to an experimental real-time program (RTP) that varies prices hourly. The users receive a price schedule reflecting changing generating costs one day in advance to encourage them to increase power consumption during the cheapest time periods. Savings during the pilot program range between $11,000 and $32,000 per customer. The hourly cost breakdown encourages consumption during the night and early morning. The signalling system could be expanded to cogenerators and independent small power producers. If an electricity spot market develops, forecasters think a place on the stock exchanges for future-delivery contracts could develop in the future.

  7. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumps | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  8. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    M2DigesterLandfillGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  9. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtHeating | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    + 49.0472118426 + Sweden Building 05K0023 + 125.55033781 + Sweden Building 05K0024 + 100.666666667 + Sweden Building 05K0025 + 99.0384615385 + (previous 25) (next 25)...

  10. PROJECT PROFILE: kWh Analytics (Incubator 10) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Washington State University (PVRD) PROJECT PROFILE: Washington State University (PVRD) Project Name: Developing a Low Cost, High-Volume and Scalable Manufacturing Technology for CdTe Feedstock Materials Funding Opportunity: PVRD SunShot Subprogram: Photovoltaics Location: Pullman, WA SunShot Award Amount: $1,124,992 Awardee Cost Share: $130,093 Project Investigator: Kelvin Lynn This project is developing low cost, high volume, scalable cadmium telluride (CdTe) feedstock production technology,

  11. Application of Markov chain model to daily maximum temperature for thermal comfort in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nordin, Muhamad Asyraf bin Che; Hassan, Husna

    2015-10-22

    The Markov chain’s first order principle has been widely used to model various meteorological fields, for prediction purposes. In this study, a 14-year (2000-2013) data of daily maximum temperatures in Bayan Lepas were used. Earlier studies showed that the outdoor thermal comfort range based on physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) index in Malaysia is less than 34°C, thus the data obtained were classified into two state: normal state (within thermal comfort range) and hot state (above thermal comfort range). The long-run results show the probability of daily temperature exceed TCR will be only 2.2%. On the other hand, the probability daily temperature within TCR will be 97.8%.

  12. EIA - Daily Report 9/12/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on U.S. Oil &

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas Energy Markets 2, 5:00 pm According to the Minerals Management Service (MMS), as of 11:30 September 12, Gulf of Mexico oil production was reduced by 860,636 barrels per day as a result of Hurricane Katrina, equivalent to 57.38 percent of daily Gulf of Mexico oil production (which is 1.5 million barrels per day). The MMS also reported that 3.784 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas production was shut in, equivalent to 37.84 percent of daily Gulf of Mexico natural gas

  13. EIA - Daily Report 9/13/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on U.S. Oil &

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas Energy Markets Tuesday, September 13, 4:00 pm According to the Minerals Management Service (MMS), as of 11:30 September 12, Gulf of Mexico oil production was reduced by 846,720 barrels per day as a result of Hurricane Katrina, equivalent to 56.45 percent of daily Gulf of Mexico oil production (which had been1.5 million barrels per day). The MMS also reported that 3.720 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas production was shut in, equivalent to 37.20 percent of daily Gulf of

  14. EIA - Daily Report 9/14/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on U.S. Oil &

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas Energy Markets Wednesday, September 14, 4:00 pm According to the Minerals Management Service (MMS), as of 11:30 September 14, Gulf of Mexico oil production was reduced by 843,725 barrels per day as a result of Hurricane Katrina, equivalent to 56.25 percent of daily Gulf of Mexico oil production (which had been 1.5 million barrels per day). The MMS also reported that 3.518 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas production was shut in, equivalent to 35.18 percent of daily Gulf

  15. EIA - Daily Report 9/15/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on U.S. Oil &

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas Energy Markets Thursday, September 15, 3:00 pm According to the Minerals Management Service (MMS), as of 11:30 September 15, Gulf of Mexico oil production was reduced by 842,091 barrels per day as a result of Hurricane Katrina, equivalent to 56.14 percent of daily Gulf of Mexico oil production (which had been 1.5 million barrels per day). The MMS also reported that 3.411 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas production was shut in, equivalent to 34.11 percent of daily Gulf of

  16. JLab Nanotube Research Leads To Newport News Start-Up (Daily Press) |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson Lab Nanotube Research Leads To Newport News Start-Up (Daily Press) External Link: http://articles.dailypress.com/2012-08-03/news/dp-nws-cp-jefferson-lab-spinoff-2... By jlab_admin on Fri, 2012-08-03

  17. JLab's Walt Akers: from Fife and Drum to Windmill (Daily Press) | Jefferson

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab Walt Akers: from Fife and Drum to Windmill (Daily Press) External Link: http://articles.dailypress.com/2012-03-08/news/dp-tsq-ypq-five-questions-0308-20... By jlab_admin on Thu, 2012-03-08

  18. Pool daily fuel scheduling. Volume 1: technical manual. Final Report, February 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pang, C.K.; Mikolinnas, T.A.; Reppen, N.D.; Ringlee, R.J.; Wollenberg, B.F.

    1981-02-01

    The results and efforts of research and development of methods for daily fuel scheduling performed under EPRI Project RP 1048-5 by Power Technologies, Inc. (PTI) are reported in three volumes: Technical Manual, Programming Manual, and Program Listings. Daily fuel scheduling involves the scheduling and dispatching of generating facilities to meet all system loads and operating requirements for periods ranging from a day to a week. Daily fuel scheduling and computer requirements are defined. The scheduling problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) optimization problem in which the total system operating cost is minimized. A potentially practical scheduling procedure, based on a combination of search and MILP approaches, was proposed; these two approaches were investigated, coded in FORTRAN and tested individually. This volume of the report (Volume 1) is the Technical Manual and contains the main body of the report, which includes descriptions and results for two approaches to the daily fuel scheduling problem: Search Approach and Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) Approach. Prototype computer programs on these approaches have been coded in FORTRAN for testing and evaluation purposes using PTI in-house PRIME time-sharing computer.

  19. Daily snow depth measurements from 195 stations in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allison, L.J.; Easterling, D.R.; Jamason, P.; Bowman, D.P.; Hughes, P.Y.; Mason, E.H.

    1997-02-01

    This document describes a database containing daily measurements of snow depth at 195 National Weather Service (NWS) first-order climatological stations in the United States. The data have been assembled and made available by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) in Asheville, North Carolina. The 195 stations encompass 388 unique sampling locations in 48 of the 50 states; no observations from Delaware or Hawaii are included in the database. Station selection criteria emphasized the quality and length of station records while seeking to provide a network with good geographic coverage. Snow depth at the 388 locations was measured once per day on ground open to the sky. The daily snow depth is the total depth of the snow on the ground at measurement time. The time period covered by the database is 1893--1992; however, not all station records encompass the complete period. While a station record ideally should contain daily data for at least the seven winter months (January through April and October through December), not all stations have complete records. Each logical record in the snow depth database contains one station`s daily data values for a period of one month, including data source, measurement, and quality flags.

  20. Newport News School Board Member Hosting Town Hall Thursday (Daily Press) |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson Lab Newport News School Board Member Hosting Town Hall Thursday (Daily Press) External Link: http://articles.dailypress.com/2012-03-05/news/dp-nws-ednotebook-0305-20120304_1... By jlab_admin on Tue, 2012-03-06

  1. Virginia Senate Approves Budget Deal to Include Money for FEL (Daily Press)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    | Jefferson Lab Virginia Senate Approves Budget Deal to Include Money for FEL (Daily Press) External Link: http://articles.dailypress.com/2012-04-18/news/dp-nws-general-assembly-budget-da... By jlab_admin on Wed, 2012-04-18

  2. Jefferson Lab: Laser gun to eventually shoot down missiles (Daily Press) |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson Lab Jefferson Lab: Laser gun to eventually shoot down missiles (Daily Press) External Link: http://articles.dailypress.com/2011-02-21/news/dp-nws-jefferson-lab-20110221_1_j... By jlab_admin on Mon, 2011-02-21

  3. Daily air pollution effects on children's respiratory symptoms and peak expiratory flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vedal, S.; Schenker, M.B.; Munoz, A.; Samet, J.M.; Batterman, S.; Speizer, F.E.

    1987-06-01

    To identify acute respiratory health effects associated with air pollution due to coal combustion, a subgroup of elementary school-aged children was selected from a large cross-sectional study and followed daily for eight months. Children were selected to obtain three equal-sized groups: one without respiratory symptoms, one with symptoms of persistent wheeze, and one with cough or phlegm production but without persistent wheeze. Parents completed a daily diary of symptoms from which illness constellations of upper respiratory illness (URI) and lower respiratory illness (LRI) and the symptom of wheeze were derived. Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) was measured daily for nine consecutive weeks during the eight-month study period. Maximum hourly concentrations of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and coefficient of haze for each 24-hour period, as well as minimum hourly temperature, were correlated with daily URI, LRI, wheeze, and PEFR using multiple regression models adjusting for illness occurrence or level of PEFR on the immediately preceding day. Respiratory illness on the preceding day was the most important predictor of current illness. A drop in temperature was associated with increased URI and LRI but not with increased wheeze or with a decrease in level of PEFR. No air pollutant was strongly associated with respiratory illness or with level of PEFR, either in the group of children as a whole, or in either of the symptomatic subgroups; the pollutant concentrations observed, however, were uniformly lower than current ambient air quality standards.

  4. United States Historical Climatology Network Daily Temperature and Precipitation Data (1871-1997)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Easterling, D.R.

    2002-10-28

    This document describes a database containing daily observations of maximum and minimum temperature, precipitation amount, snowfall amount, and snow depth from 1062 observing stations across the contiguous US. This database is an expansion and update of the original 138-station database previously released by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) as CDIAC numeric data package NDP-042. These 1062 stations are a subset of the 1221-station US Historical Climatology Network (HCN), a monthly database compiled by the National Climatic Data Center (Asheville, North Carolina) that has been widely used in analyzing US climate. Data from 1050 of these daily records extend into the 1990s, while 990 of these extend through 1997. Most station records are essentially complete for at least 40 years; the latest beginning year of record is 1948. Records from 158 stations begin prior to 1900, with that of Charleston, South Carolina beginning the earliest (1871). The daily resolution of these data makes them extremely valuable for studies attempting to detect and monitor long-term climatic changes on a regional scale. Studies using daily data may be able to detect changes in regional climate that would not be apparent from analysis of monthly temperature and precipitation data. Such studies may include analyses of trends in maximum and minimum temperatures, temperature extremes, daily temperature range, precipitation ''event size'' frequency, and the magnitude and duration of wet and dry periods. The data are also valuable in areas such as regional climate model validation and climate change impact assessment. This database is available free of charge from CDIAC as a numeric data package (NDP).

  5. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Peter E; Thornton, Michele M; Mayer, Benjamin W; Wilhelmi, Nate; Wei, Yaxing; Devarakonda, Ranjeet; Cook, Robert B

    2014-01-01

    More information: http://daymet.ornl.gov Presenter: Ranjeet Devarakonda Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data and Climatological Summaries provides gridded estimates of daily weather parameters for North America, including daily continuous surfaces of minimum and maximum temperature, precipitation occurrence and amount, humidity, shortwave radiation, snow water equivalent, and day length. The current data product (Version 2) covers the period January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2013 [1]. The prior product (Version 1) only covered from 1980-2008. Data are available on a daily time step at a 1-km x 1-km spatial resolution in Lambert Conformal Conic projection with a spatial extent that covers the conterminous United States, Mexico, and Southern Canada as meteorological station density allows. Daymet data can be downloaded from 1) the ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) search and order tools (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/cart/add2cart.pl?add=1219) or directly from the DAAC FTP site (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dsviewer.pl?ds_id=1219) and 2) the Single Pixel Tool [2] and THREDDS (Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services) Data Server [3]. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool allows users to enter a single geographic point by latitude and longitude in decimal degrees. A routine is executed that translates the (lon, lat) coordinates into projected Daymet (x,y) coordinates. These coordinates are used to access the Daymet database of daily-interpolated surface weather variables. Daily data from the nearest 1 km x 1 km Daymet grid cell are extracted from the database and formatted as a table with one column for each Daymet variable and one row for each day. All daily data for selected years are returned as a single (long) table, formatted for display in the browser window. At the top of this table is a link to the same data in a simple comma-separated text format, suitable for import into a

  6. Pool daily fuel scheduling. Volume 2: programming manual. Final report, February 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pang, C.K.; Mikolinnas, T.A.

    1981-02-01

    The results and efforts of research and development of methods for daily fuel scheduling performed under EPRI Project RP 1048-5 by Power Technologies, Inc. (PTI) are reported in three volumes: Technical Manual; Programming Manual and Program Listings. Daily fuel scheduling involves the scheduling and dispatching of generating facilities to meet all system loads and operating requirements for periods ranging from a day to a week. Daily fuel scheduling and computer requirements are defined. The scheduling problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) optimization problem in which the total system operating cost is minimized. A potentially practical scheduling procedure, based on a combination of search and MILP approaches, was proposed; these two approaches were investigated, coded in FORTRAN and tested individually. Tests using the New York Power Pool system show that the search approach may produce potential savings for fuel scheduling approaches. Additional efforts are needed to make the MILP approach practical. Finally, a number of special scheduling problems have been identified and recommended for future work. This volume of the report (Volume 2) is the Programming Manual which describes the organization and structure of the programs. Layout and function of data files, sample outputs and test data are also presented. Program organization and data for the search and MILP approaches are given. Preliminary test results, system data descriptions and sample outputs for the search approach are included in the appendices.

  7. SU-E-J-153: MRI Based, Daily Adaptive Radiotherapy for Rectal Cancer: Contour Adaptation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kleijnen, J; Burbach, M; Verbraeken, T; Weggers, R; Zoetelief, A; Reerink, O; Lagendijk, J; Raaymakers, B; Asselen, B

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: A major hurdle in adaptive radiotherapy is the adaptation of the planning MRI's delineations to the daily anatomy. We therefore investigate the accuracy and time needed for online clinical target volume (CTV) adaptation by radiation therapists (RTT), to be used in MRI-guided adaptive treatments on a MRI-Linac (MRL). Methods: Sixteen patients, diagnosed with early stage rectal cancer, underwent a T2-weighted MRI prior to each fraction of short-course radiotherapy, resulting in 4–5 scans per patient. On these scans, the CTV was delineated according to guidelines by an experienced radiation oncologist (RO) and considered to be the gold standard. For each patient, the first MRI was considered as the planning MRI and matched on bony anatomy to the 3–4 daily MRIs. The planning MRI's CTV delineation was rigidly propagated to the daily MRI scans as a proposal for adaptation. Three RTTs in training started the adaptation of the CTV conform guidelines, after a two hour training lecture and a two patient (n=7) training set. To assess the inter-therapist variation, all three RTTs altered delineations of 3 patients (n=12). One RTT altered the CTV delineations (n=53) of the remaining 11 patients. Time needed for adaptation of the CTV to guidelines was registered.As a measure of agreement, the conformity index (CI) was determined between the RTTs' delineations as a group. Dice similarity coefficients were determined between delineations of the RTT and the RO. Results: We found good agreement between RTTs' and RO's delineations (average Dice=0.91, SD=0.03). Furthermore, the inter-observer agreement between the RTTs was high (average CI=0.94, SD=0.02). Adaptation time reduced from 10:33 min (SD= 3:46) to 2:56 min (SD=1:06) between the first and last ten delineations, respectively. Conclusion: Daily CTV adaptation by RTTs, seems a feasible and safe way to introduce daily, online MRI-based plan adaptation for a MRL.

  8. Daily diaries of respiratory symptoms and air pollution: Methodological issues and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, J. ); Wypij, D.; Dockery D.; Ware, J.; Spengler, J.; Ferris, B. Jr. ); Zeger, S. )

    1991-01-01

    Daily diaries of respiratory symptoms are a powerful technique for detecting acute effects of air pollution exposure. While conceptually simple, these diary studies can be difficult to analyze. The daily symptom rates are highly correlated, even after adjustment for covariates, and this lack of independence must be considered in the analysis. Possible approaches include the use of incidence instead of prevalence rates and autoregressive models. Heterogeneity among subjects also induces dependencies in the data. These can be addressed by stratification and by two-stage models such as those developed by Korn and Whittemore. These approaches have been applied to two data sets: a cohort of school children participating in the Harvard Six Cities Study and a cohort of student nurses in Los Angeles. Both data sets provide evidence of autocorrelation and heterogeneity. Controlling for autocorrelation corrects the precision estimates, and because diary data are usually positively autocorrelated, this leads to larger variance estimates. Controlling for heterogeneity among subjects appears to increase the effect sizes for air pollution exposure. Preliminary results indicate associations between sulfur dioxide and cough incidence in children and between nitrogen dioxide and phlegm incidence in student nurses.

  9. Daily movements of female white-tailed deer relative to parturition and breeding.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gino J. D'Angelo; Christopher E. Comer; John C. Kilgo; Cory D. Drennan; David A. Osborn; Karl V. Miller

    2005-10-01

    Abstract: To assess how white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) herd demographics influence reproductive behaviors, we examined 24-h diel movements of female whitetailed deer relative to parturition and breeding in a low-density population with a near even sex ratio at the Savannah River Site (SRS), South Carolina. We conducted a series of intensive, 24-h radio-tracking periods of 13 females during spring and fall 2002. We compared daily range (ha), rate of travel (m/h), and distance between extreme daily locations (m), among the periods of pre-parturition and post-parturition and pre-, peak-, and post-rut. From pre-parturition to post-parturition, we observed decreases in diel range size (?¢????38.2%), distance between extreme diel locations (?¢????17.0%), and diel rate of travel (?¢????18.2%). Diel range size, distance between extreme diel locations, and diel rate of travel during the pre-rut and rut exceeded those observed during post-rut. We further identified substantial increases in mobility during 12 24-h diel periods for eight females during our fall monitoring. Our data suggest that female white-tailed deer reduce mobility post-fawning following exaggerated movements during pre-parturition. Furthermore, despite a near equal sex ratio, estrous does may be required to actively seek potential mates due to low population density.

  10. Markov chain decomposition of monthly rainfall into daily rainfall: Evaluation of climate change impact

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Yoo, Chulsang; Lee, Jinwook; Ro, Yonghun

    2016-01-01

    This paper evaluates the effect of climate change on daily rainfall, especially on the mean number of wet days and the mean rainfall intensity. Assuming that the mechanism of daily rainfall occurrences follows the first-order Markov chain model, the possible changes in the transition probabilities are estimated by considering the climate change scenarios. Also, the change of the stationary probabilities of wet and dry day occurrences and finally the change in the number of wet days are derived for the comparison of current (1x CO2) and 2x CO2conditions. As a result of this study, the increase or decrease in themore » mean number of wet days was found to be not enough to explain all of the change in monthly rainfall amounts, so rainfall intensity should also be modified. The application to the Seoul weather station in Korea shows that about 30% of the total change in monthly rainfall amount can be explained by the change in the number of wet days and the remaining 70% by the change in the rainfall intensity. That is, as an effect of climate change, the increase in the rainfall intensity could be more significant than the increase in the wet days and, thus, the risk of flood will be much highly increased.« less

  11. Markov chain decomposition of monthly rainfall into daily rainfall: Evaluation of climate change impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoo, Chulsang; Lee, Jinwook; Ro, Yonghun

    2016-01-01

    This paper evaluates the effect of climate change on daily rainfall, especially on the mean number of wet days and the mean rainfall intensity. Assuming that the mechanism of daily rainfall occurrences follows the first-order Markov chain model, the possible changes in the transition probabilities are estimated by considering the climate change scenarios. Also, the change of the stationary probabilities of wet and dry day occurrences and finally the change in the number of wet days are derived for the comparison of current (1x CO2) and 2x CO2conditions. As a result of this study, the increase or decrease in the mean number of wet days was found to be not enough to explain all of the change in monthly rainfall amounts, so rainfall intensity should also be modified. The application to the Seoul weather station in Korea shows that about 30% of the total change in monthly rainfall amount can be explained by the change in the number of wet days and the remaining 70% by the change in the rainfall intensity. That is, as an effect of climate change, the increase in the rainfall intensity could be more significant than the increase in the wet days and, thus, the risk of flood will be much highly increased.

  12. STOCHASTIC DESCRIPTION OF THE HIGH-FREQUENCY CONTENT OF DAILY SUNSPOTS AND EVIDENCE FOR REGIME CHANGES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapoval, A.; Le Mouël, J.-L.; Courtillot, V.; Shnirman, M.

    2015-01-20

    The irregularity index λ is applied to the high-frequency content of daily sunspot numbers ISSN. This λ is a modification of the standard maximal Lyapunov exponent. It is computed here as a function of embedding dimension m, within four-year time windows centered at the maxima of Schwabe cycles. The λ(m) curves form separate clusters (pre-1923 and post-1933). This supports a regime transition and narrows its occurrence to cycle 16, preceding the growth of activity leading to the Modern Maximum. The two regimes are reproduced by a simple autoregressive process AR(1), with the mean of Poisson noise undergoing 11 yr modulation. The autocorrelation a of the process (linked to sunspot lifetime) is a ≈ 0.8 for 1850-1923 and ≈0.95 for 1933-2013. The AR(1) model suggests that groups of spots appear with a Poisson rate and disappear at a constant rate. We further applied the irregularity index to the daily sunspot group number series for the northern and southern hemispheres, provided by the Greenwich Royal Observatory (RGO), in order to study a possible desynchronization. Correlations between the north and south λ(m) curves vary quite strongly with time and indeed show desynchronization. This may reflect a slow change in the dimension of an underlying dynamical system. The ISSN and RGO series of group numbers do not imply an identical mechanism, but both uncover a regime change at a similar time. Computation of the irregularity index near the maximum of cycle 24 will help in checking whether yet another regime change is under way.

  13. Daily treatment with {alpha}-naphthoflavone enhances follicular growth and ovulation rate in the rat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barreiro, Karina A.; Di Yorio, Maria P.; Artillo-Guida, Romina D.; Paz, Dante A.; Faletti, Alicia G.

    2011-04-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor and the first protein involved in a variety of physiological and toxicological processes, including those of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. AhR has been found in the ovary of many species and seems to mediate the ovarian toxicity of many environmental contaminants, which are AhR ligands. However, the role of AhR in the ovarian function is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this work was to study the action of {alpha}-naphthoflavone ({alpha}NF), known to be an AhR antagonist, on both follicular growth and ovulation. Immature Sprague-Dawley rats were daily injected intraperitoneally with {alpha}NF (0.1-80 mg/kg) or vehicle for 12 days, and primed with gonadotrophins (eCG/hCG) to induce follicular growth and ovulation. Ovaries were obtained 20 h after hCG administration. By means of immunohistochemistry, we found that the numbers of primordial, primary and antral follicles were increased in rats treated with 80 mg/kg {alpha}NF and that there were no differences with other doses. Likewise, the ovarian weight and the ovulation rate, measured by both number of oocytes within oviducts and corpora lutea in ovarian sections, were increased when the rats received either 1 or 10 mg/kg daily. Although further studies are necessary to know the mechanism of action of {alpha}NF, it is possible that the different ovarian processes can be differentially responsive to the presence of different levels of {alpha}NF, and that the same or different endogenous AhR ligands can be involved in these ovarian processes in a cell type-dependent manner.

  14. SU-D-BRF-04: Digital Tomosynthesis for Improved Daily Setup in Treatment of Liver Lesions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, H; Jones, B; Miften, M

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Daily localization of liver lesions with cone-beam CT (CBCT) is difficult due to poor image quality caused by scatter, respiratory motion, and the lack of radiographic contrast between the liver parenchyma and the lesion(s). Digital tomosynthesis (DTS) is investigated as a modality to improve liver visualization and lesion/parenchyma contrast for daily setup. Methods: An in-house tool was developed to generate DTS images using a point-by-point filtered back-projection method from on-board CBCT projection data. DTS image planes are generated in a user defined orientation to visualize the anatomy at various depths. Reference DTS images are obtained from forward projection of the planning CT dataset at each projection angle. The CBCT DTS image set can then be registered to the reference DTS image set as a means for localization. Contour data from the planning CT's associate RT Structure file and forward projected similarly to the planning CT data. DTS images are created for each contoured structure, which can then be overlaid onto the DTS images for organ volume visualization. Results: High resolution DTS images generated from CBCT projections show fine anatomical detail, including small blood vessels, within the patient. However, the reference DTS images generated from forward projection of the planning CT lacks this level of detail due to the low resolution of the CT voxels as compared to the pixel size in the projection images; typically 1mm-by-1mm-by-3mm (lat, vrt, lng) for the planning CT vs. 0.4mm-by-0.4mm for CBCT projections. Overlaying of the contours onto the DTS image allows for visualization of structures of interest. Conclusion: The ability to generate DTS images over a limited range of projection angles allows for reduction in the amount of respiratory motion within each acquisition. DTS may provide improved visualization of structures and lesions as compared to CBCT for highly mobile tumors.

  15. Assessing Energy Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Significance of Daily Distance Variation over Time and Among Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Accurate assessment of the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on petroleum and electricity consumption is a necessary step toward effective policies. Variations in daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) over time and among drivers affect PHEV energy impact, but the significance is not well understood. This paper uses a graphical illustration, a mathematical derivation, and an empirical study to examine the cause and significance of such an effect. The first two methods reveal that ignoring daily variation in VMT always causes underestimation of petroleum consumption and overestimation of electricity consumption by PHEVs; both biases increase as the assumed PHEV charge-depleting (CD) range moves closer to the average daily VMT. The empirical analysis based on national travel survey data shows that the assumption of uniform daily VMT over time and among drivers causes nearly 68% underestimation of expected petroleum use and nearly 48% overestimation of expected electricity use by PHEVs with a 40-mi CD range (PHEV40s). Also for PHEV40s, consideration of daily variation in VMT over time but not among drivers similar to the way the utility factor curve is derived in SAE Standard SAE J2841 causes underestimation of expected petroleum use by more than 24% and overestimation of expected electricity use by about 17%. Underestimation of petroleum use and overestimation of electricity use increase with larger-battery PHEVs.

  16. Experimental analysis of thermal performance of flat plate and evacuated tube solar collectors in stationary standard and daily conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zambolin, E.; Del Col, D.

    2010-08-15

    New comparative tests on two different types of solar collectors are presented in this paper. A standard glazed flat plate collector and an evacuated tube collector are installed in parallel and tested at the same working conditions; the evacuated collector is a direct flow through type with external compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) reflectors. Efficiency in steady-state and quasi-dynamic conditions is measured following the standard and it is compared with the input/output curves measured for the whole day. The first purpose of the present work is the comparison of results in steady-state and quasi-dynamic test methods both for flat plate and evacuated tube collectors. Besides this, the objective is to characterize and to compare the daily energy performance of these two types of collectors. An effective mean for describing and analyzing the daily performance is the so called input/output diagram, in which the collected solar energy is plotted against the daily incident solar radiation. Test runs have been performed in several conditions to reproduce different conventional uses (hot water, space heating, solar cooling). Results are also presented in terms of daily efficiency versus daily average reduced temperature difference: this allows to represent the comparative characteristics of the two collectors when operating under variable conditions, especially with wide range of incidence angles. (author)

  17. Reducing Open Cell Landfill Methane Emissions with a Bioactive Alternative Daily

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helene Hilger; James Oliver; Jean Bogner; David Jones

    2009-03-31

    Methane and carbon dioxide are formed in landfills as wastes degrade. Molecule-for-molecule, methane is about 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere, and thus, it is the methane emissions from landfills that are scrutinized. For example, if emissions composed of 60% methane and 40% carbon dioxide were changed to a mix that was 40% methane and 60% carbon dioxide, a 30% reduction in the landfill's global warming potential would result. A 10% methane, 90% carbon dioxide ratio will result in a 75% reduction in global warming potential compared to the baseline. Gas collection from a closed landfill can reduce emissions, and it is sometimes combined with a biocover, an engineered system where methane oxidizing bacteria living in a medium such as compost, convert landfill methane to carbon dioxide and water. Although methane oxidizing bacteria merely convert one greenhouse gas (methane) to another (carbon dioxide), this conversion can offer significant reductions in the overall greenhouse gas contribution, or global warming potential, associated with the landfill. What has not been addressed to date is the fact that methane can also escape from a landfill when the active cell is being filled with waste. Federal regulations require that newly deposited solid waste to be covered daily with a 6 in layer of soil or an alternative daily cover (ADC), such as a canvas tarp. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of immobilizing methane oxidizing bacteria into a tarp-like matrix that could be used for alternative daily cover at open landfill cells to prevent methane emissions. A unique method of isolating methanotrophs from landfill cover soil was used to create a liquid culture of mixed methanotrophs. A variety of prospective immobilization techniques were used to affix the bacteria in a tarp-like matrix. Both gel encapsulation of methanotrophs and gels with liquid cores containing methanotrophs were readily made but

  18. Online updating of context-aware landmark detectors for prostate localization in daily treatment CT images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dai, Xiubin; Gao, Yaozong; Shen, Dinggang

    2015-05-15

    Purpose: In image guided radiation therapy, it is crucial to fast and accurately localize the prostate in the daily treatment images. To this end, the authors propose an online update scheme for landmark-guided prostate segmentation, which can fully exploit valuable patient-specific information contained in the previous treatment images and can achieve improved performance in landmark detection and prostate segmentation. Methods: To localize the prostate in the daily treatment images, the authors first automatically detect six anatomical landmarks on the prostate boundary by adopting a context-aware landmark detection method. Specifically, in this method, a two-layer regression forest is trained as a detector for each target landmark. Once all the newly detected landmarks from new treatment images are reviewed or adjusted (if necessary) by clinicians, they are further included into the training pool as new patient-specific information to update all the two-layer regression forests for the next treatment day. As more and more treatment images of the current patient are acquired, the two-layer regression forests can be continually updated by incorporating the patient-specific information into the training procedure. After all target landmarks are detected, a multiatlas random sample consensus (multiatlas RANSAC) method is used to segment the entire prostate by fusing multiple previously segmented prostates of the current patient after they are aligned to the current treatment image. Subsequently, the segmented prostate of the current treatment image is again reviewed (or even adjusted if needed) by clinicians before including it as a new shape example into the prostate shape dataset for helping localize the entire prostate in the next treatment image. Results: The experimental results on 330 images of 24 patients show the effectiveness of the authors’ proposed online update scheme in improving the accuracies of both landmark detection and prostate segmentation

  19. Sub-daily Statistical Downscaling of Meteorological Variables Using Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Jitendra; Brooks, Bjørn-Gustaf J.; Thornton, Peter E; Dietze, Michael

    2012-01-01

    A new open source neural network temporal downscaling model is described and tested using CRU-NCEP reanal ysis and CCSM3 climate model output. We downscaled multiple meteorological variables in tandem from monthly to sub-daily time steps while also retaining consistent correlations between variables. We found that our feed forward, error backpropagation approach produced synthetic 6 hourly meteorology with biases no greater than 0.6% across all variables and variance that was accurate within 1% for all variables except atmospheric pressure, wind speed, and precipitation. Correlations between downscaled output and the expected (original) monthly means exceeded 0.99 for all variables, which indicates that this approach would work well for generating atmospheric forcing data consistent with mass and energy conserved GCM output. Our neural network approach performed well for variables that had correlations to other variables of about 0.3 and better and its skill was increased by downscaling multiple correlated variables together. Poor replication of precipitation intensity however required further post-processing in order to obtain the expected probability distribution. The concurrence of precipitation events with expected changes in sub ordinate variables (e.g., less incident shortwave radiation during precipitation events) were nearly as consistent in the downscaled data as in the training data with probabilities that differed by no more than 6%. Our downscaling approach requires training data at the target time step and relies on a weak assumption that climate variability in the extrapolated data is similar to variability in the training data.

  20. Alignment Focus of Daily Image Guidance for Concurrent Treatment of Prostate and Pelvic Lymph Nodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferjani, Samah; Huang, Guangshun; Shang, Qingyang; Stephans, Kevin L.; Zhong, Yahua; Qi, Peng; Tendulkar, Rahul D.; Xia, Ping, E-mail: xiap@ccf.org

    2013-10-01

    Purpose: To determine the dosimetric impact of daily imaging alignment focus on the prostate soft tissue versus the pelvic bones for the concurrent treatment of the prostate and pelvic lymph nodes (PLN) and to assess whether multileaf collimator (MLC) tracking or adaptive planning (ART) is necessary with the current clinical planning margins of 8 mm/6 mm posterior to the prostate and 5 mm to the PLN. Methods and Materials: A total of 124 kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT) images from 6 patients were studied. For each KV-CBCT, 4 plans were retrospectively created using an isocenter shifting method with 2 different alignment focuses (prostate, PLN), an MLC shifting method, and the ART method. The selected dosimetric endpoints were compared among these plans. Results: For the isoshift contour, isoshift bone, MLC shift, and ART plans, D99 of the prostate was ?97% of the prescription dose in 97.6%, 73.4%, 98.4%, and 96.8% of 124 fractions, respectively. Accordingly, D99 of the PLN was ?97% of the prescription dose in 98.4%, 98.4%, 98.4%, and 100% of 124 fractions, respectively. For the rectum, D5 exceeded 105% of the planned D5 (and D5 of ART plans) in 11% (4%), 10% (2%), and 13% (5%) of 124 fractions, respectively. For the bladder, D5 exceeded 105% of the planned D5 (and D5 of ART) plans in 0% (2%), 0% (2%), and 0% (1%) of 124 fractions, respectively. Conclusion: For concurrent treatment of the prostate and PLN, with a planning margin to the prostate of 8 mm/6 mm posterior and a planning margin of 5 mm to the PLN, aligning to the prostate soft tissue can achieve adequate dose coverage to the both target volumes; aligning to the pelvic bone would result in underdosing to the prostate in one-third of fractions. With these planning margins, MLC tracking and ART methods have no dosimetric advantages.

  1. From: Mark Hanson [mailto:mark@controltecas20.com

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    5. New standard only requires and tests for daily kWh consumption. 6. The current ASHRAE testing standard adopted by the DoE is for CRE equipment at 5575. 7. Decreased door ...

  2. A Bivariate Mixed Distribution with a Heavy-tailed Component and its Application to Single-site Daily Rainfall Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Chao ..; Singh, Vijay P.; Mishra, Ashok K.

    2013-02-06

    This paper presents an improved brivariate mixed distribution, which is capable of modeling the dependence of daily rainfall from two distinct sources (e.g., rainfall from two stations, two consecutive days, or two instruments such as satellite and rain gauge). The distribution couples an existing framework for building a bivariate mixed distribution, the theory of copulae and a hybrid marginal distribution. Contributions of the improved distribution are twofold. One is the appropriate selection of the bivariate dependence structure from a wider admissible choice (10 candidate copula families). The other is the introduction of a marginal distribution capable of better representing low to moderate values as well as extremes of daily rainfall. Among several applications of the improved distribution, particularly presented here is its utility for single-site daily rainfall simulation. Rather than simulating rainfall occurrences and amounts separately, the developed generator unifies the two processes by generalizing daily rainfall as a Markov process with autocorrelation described by the improved bivariate mixed distribution. The generator is first tested on a sample station in Texas. Results reveal that the simulated and observed sequences are in good agreement with respect to essential characteristics. Then, extensive simulation experiments are carried out to compare the developed generator with three other alternative models: the conventional two-state Markov chain generator, the transition probability matrix model and the semi-parametric Markov chain model with kernel density estimation for rainfall amounts. Analyses establish that overall the developed generator is capable of reproducing characteristics of historical extreme rainfall events and is apt at extrapolating rare values beyond the upper range of available observed data. Moreover, it automatically captures the persistence of rainfall amounts on consecutive wet days in a relatively natural and easy way

  3. Pool daily fuel scheduling. Volume 3: Program listings. Final report, February 1981. [START; MASTER; THCC; HYDR; PSTO; NFLA; LMTF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pang, C.K.; Mikolinnas, T.A.

    1981-02-01

    The results and efforts of research and development of methods for daily fuel scheduling performed under EPRI Project RP 1048-5 by Power Technologies, Inc. (PTI) are reported in three volumes: Technical Manual; Programming Manual and Program Listing. Daily fuel scheduling involves the scheduling and dispatching of generating facilities to meet all system loads and operating requirements for periods ranging from a day to a week. Daily fuel scheduling and computer requirements are defined. The scheduling problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) optimization problem in which the total system operating cost is minimized. A potentially practical scheduling procedure, based on a combination of search and MILP approaches, was proposed; these two approaches were investigated, coded in FORTRAN and tested individually. Tests using the New York Power Pool system show that the search approach may produce potential savings for fuel scheduling approaches. Additional efforts are needed to make the MILP approach practical. Finally, a number of special scheduling problems have been identified and recommended for future work. This volume of the report (Volume 3) gives the FORTRAN listings of the programs, which had been developed during the course of this project. In the programs, there may be certain statements and functions which could be specific to the PRIME computer system. Comments on them are provided.

  4. Adaptive Liver Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy: Automated Daily Plan Reoptimization Prevents Dose Delivery Degradation Caused by Anatomy Deformations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leinders, Suzanne M.; Breedveld, Sebastiaan; Méndez Romero, Alejandra; Schaart, Dennis; Seppenwoolde, Yvette; Heijmen, Ben J.M.

    2013-12-01

    Purpose: To investigate how dose distributions for liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) can be improved by using automated, daily plan reoptimization to account for anatomy deformations, compared with setup corrections only. Methods and Materials: For 12 tumors, 3 strategies for dose delivery were simulated. In the first strategy, computed tomography scans made before each treatment fraction were used only for patient repositioning before dose delivery for correction of detected tumor setup errors. In adaptive second and third strategies, in addition to the isocenter shift, intensity modulated radiation therapy beam profiles were reoptimized or both intensity profiles and beam orientations were reoptimized, respectively. All optimizations were performed with a recently published algorithm for automated, multicriteria optimization of both beam profiles and beam angles. Results: In 6 of 12 cases, violations of organs at risk (ie, heart, stomach, kidney) constraints of 1 to 6 Gy in single fractions occurred in cases of tumor repositioning only. By using the adaptive strategies, these could be avoided (<1 Gy). For 1 case, this needed adaptation by slightly underdosing the planning target volume. For 2 cases with restricted tumor dose in the planning phase to avoid organ-at-risk constraint violations, fraction doses could be increased by 1 and 2 Gy because of more favorable anatomy. Daily reoptimization of both beam profiles and beam angles (third strategy) performed slightly better than reoptimization of profiles only, but the latter required only a few minutes of computation time, whereas full reoptimization took several hours. Conclusions: This simulation study demonstrated that replanning based on daily acquired computed tomography scans can improve liver stereotactic body radiation therapy dose delivery.

  5. SU-E-T-86: Comparison of Two Commercially Available Programs for the Evaluation of Delivered Daily Dose Using Cone Beam CT (CBCT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuohy, R; Bosse, C; Mavroidis, P; Shi, Z; Crownover, R; Papanikolaou, N; Stathakis, S

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: In this study, two commercially available programs were compared for the evaluation of delivered daily dose using cone beam CT (CBCT). Methods: Thirty (n=30) patients previously treated in our clinic (10 prostate, 10 SBRT lung and 10 abdomen) were used in this study. The patients' plans were optimized and calculated using the Pinnacle treatment planning system. The daily CBCT scans were imported into Velocity and RayStation along with the corresponding planning CTs, structure sets and 3D dose distributions for each patient. The organs at risk (OAR) were contoured on each CBCT by the prescribing physician and were included in the evaluation of the daily delivered dose. Each CBCT was registered to the planning CT, once with rigid registration and then again, separately, with deformable registration. After registering each CBCT, the dose distribution from the planning CT was overlaid and the dose volume histograms (DVH) for the OAR and the planning target volumes (PTV) were calculated. Results: For prostate patients, we observed daily volume changes for the OARs. The DVH analysis for those patients showed variation in the sparing of the OARs while PTV coverage remained virtually unchanged using both Velocity and RayStation systems. Similar results were observed for abdominal patients. In contrast, for SBRT lung patients, the DVH for the OARs and target were comparable to those from the initial treatment plan. Differences in organ volume and organ doses were also observed when comparing the daily fractions using deformable and rigid registrations. Conclusion: By using daily CBCT dose reconstruction, we proved PTV coverage for prostate and abdominal targets is adequate. However, there is significant dosimetric change for the OARs. For lung SBRT patients, the delivered daily dose for both PTV and OAR is comparable to the planned dose with no significant differences.

  6. NIAMEY DAILY RAINFALL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2006 -2 -1 0 1 +2 +3 Average Normalized Departure () Time series (1941-2006) of normalized April-October rainfall departures () for Niamey (2.1666 o E, 13.4833 o N) in Niger...

  7. ARM - Daily Report Archive

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Day 31: 20 Wm2 Day 32: 58 Wm2 Day 33: 22 Wm2 Day 34: 66 ... for trucks, a fork lift, a crane and flatbed for the MAERI, ... Helen Garnett, Federal Member of Parliment for Solomon David ...

  8. SU-E-T-453: A Novel Daily QA System for Robotic Image Guided Radiosurgery with Variable Aperture Collimator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, L; Nelson, B

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: A novel end-to-end system using a CCD camera and a scintillator based phantom that is capable of measuring the beam-by-beam delivery accuracy of Robotic Radiosurgery has been developed and reported in our previous work. This work investigates its application to end-to-end type daily QA for Robotic Radiosurgery (Cyberknife) with Variable Aperture Collimator (Iris). Methods: The phantom was first scanned with a CT scanner at 0.625 slice thickness and exported to the Cyberknife Muliplan (v4.6) treatment planning system. An isocentric treatment plan was created consisting of ten beams of 25 Monitor Units each using Iris apertures of 7.5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 mm. The plan was delivered six times in two days on the Cyberknife G4 system with fiducial tracking on the four metal fiducials embedded in phantom with re-positioning between the measurements. The beam vectors (X, Y, Z) are measured and compared with the plan from the machine delivery file (XML file). The Iris apertures (FWHM) were measured from the beam flux map and compared with the commissioning data. Results: The average beam positioning accuracies of the six deliveries are 0.71 0.40 mm, 0.72 0.44 mm, 0.74 0.42 mm, 0.70 0.40 mm, 0.79 0.44 mm and 0.69 0.41 mm respectively. Radiation beam width (FWHM) variations are within 0.05 mm, and they agree with the commissioning data within 0.22 mm. The delivery time for the plan is about 7 minutes and the results are given instantly. Conclusion: The experimental results agree with stated sub-millimeter delivery accuracy of Cyberknife system. Beam FWHM variations comply with the 0.2 mm accuracy of the Iris collimator at SAD. The XRV-100 system has proven to be a powerful tool in performing end-to-end type tests for Robotic Image Guided Radiosurgery Daily QA.

  9. Semi volatile organic compounds in ambient PM2.5. Seasonal trends and daily resolved source contributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juergen Schnelle-Kreis; Martin Sklorz; Juergen Orasche; Matthias Stoelzel; Annette Peters; Ralf Zimmermann

    2007-06-01

    Concentrations of ambient semivolatile organic compounds (SVOC) in the PM2.5 fraction of Augsburg, Germany, have been monitored on a daily basis from January 2003 through December 2004. Samples were taken in a large garden in the city center. Quantitative analysis of n-alkanes, alkanones, alkanoic acid methylesters, long chain linear alkyl benzenes and toluenes, hopanes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and oxidized PAH, and some abietan type diterpenes was done. All compounds showed distinct seasonal variations in concentration. Most compounds showed highest concentrations during the cold seasons, but some n-alkanones and 6,10,14-trimethylpentadecanone showed maximum concentration during summer. Changes in patterns between and within compound classes were obvious, e.g., the hopane pattern exhibited a strong seasonal variation. The main source related contributions to changes observed were discussed. Using positive matrix factorization (PMF) for the statistical investigation of the data set, five factors have been separated. These factors are dominated by the pattern of single sources or groups of similar sources: factor 1, lubricating oil; factor 2, emissions of unburned diesel and heating oil consumption; factor 3, wood combustion; factor 4, brown coal combustion; and factor 5, biogenic emissions and transport components. Like the SVOC, the factors showed strong seasonality with highest values in winter for factors 1-4 and in summer for factor 5. 56 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Relative Accuracy of 1-Minute and Daily Total Solar Radiation Data for 12 Global and 4 Direct Beam Solar Radiometers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, D.; Wilcox, S. M.

    2009-01-01

    We evaluated the relative performance of 12 global and four direct beam solar radiometers deployed at a single site over a 12-month period. Test radiometer irradiances were compared with a reference irradiance consisting of either an absolute cavity radiometer (during calibrations) or a low uncertainty thermopile pyrheliometer (during the evaluation period) for pyrheliometers; and for pyranometers a reference global irradiance computed from the reference pyrheliometer and diffuse irradiance from a shaded pyranometer. One minute averages of 3-second data for 12 months from the test instrument measurements were compared with the computed reference data set. Combined uncertainty in the computed reference irradiance is 1.8% {+-} 0.5%. Total uncertainty in the pyranometer comparisons is {+-}2.5%. We show mean percent difference between reference global irradiance and test pyranometer 1 minute data as a function of zenith angle, and percent differences between daily totals for the reference and test irradiances as a function of day number. We offer no explicit conclusion about the performance of instrument models, as a general array of applications with a wide range of instrumentation and accuracy requirements could be addressed with any of the radiometers.

  11. Effect of Body Mass Index on Magnitude of Setup Errors in Patients Treated With Adjuvant Radiotherapy for Endometrial Cancer With Daily Image Guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Lilie L.; Hertan, Lauren; Rengan, Ramesh; Teo, Boon-Keng Kevin

    2012-06-01

    Purpose: To determine the impact of body mass index (BMI) on daily setup variations and frequency of imaging necessary for patients with endometrial cancer treated with adjuvant intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with daily image guidance. Methods and Materials: The daily shifts from a total of 782 orthogonal kilovoltage images from 30 patients who received pelvic IMRT between July 2008 and August 2010 were analyzed. The BMI, mean daily shifts, and random and systematic errors in each translational and rotational direction were calculated for each patient. Margin recipes were generated based on BMI. Linear regression and spearman rank correlation analysis were performed. To simulate a less-than-daily IGRT protocol, the average shift of the first five fractions was applied to subsequent setups without IGRT for assessing the impact on setup error and margin requirements. Results: Median BMI was 32.9 (range, 23-62). Of the 30 patients, 16.7% (n = 5) were normal weight (BMI <25); 23.3% (n = 7) were overweight (BMI {>=}25 to <30); 26.7% (n = 8) were mildly obese (BMI {>=}30 to <35); and 33.3% (n = 10) were moderately to severely obese (BMI {>=} 35). On linear regression, mean absolute vertical, longitudinal, and lateral shifts positively correlated with BMI (p = 0.0127, p = 0.0037, and p < 0.0001, respectively). Systematic errors in the longitudinal and vertical direction were found to be positively correlated with BMI category (p < 0.0001 for both). IGRT for the first five fractions, followed by correction of the mean error for all subsequent fractions, led to a substantial reduction in setup error and resultant margin requirement overall compared with no IGRT. Conclusions: Daily shifts, systematic errors, and margin requirements were greatest in obese patients. For women who are normal or overweight, a planning target margin margin of 7 to 10 mm may be sufficient without IGRT, but for patients who are moderately or severely obese, this is insufficient.

  12. Daily growth increments in otoliths of juvenile black rockfish, Sebastes melanops: an evaluation of autoradiography as a new method of validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-10-01

    This study evaluates the commonly used oxytetracycline hydrochloride (OTC) and an alternate chemical, the radioisotope calcium-45, in terms of their success as time-markers to validate daily growth increment formation in the otoliths of juvenile black rockfish, Sebastes melanops.

  13. SU-E-J-241: Creation of Ventilation CT From Daily 4D CTs Or 4D Conebeam CTs Acquired During IGRT for Thoracic Cancers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tai, A; Ahunbay, E; Li, X

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To develop a method to create ventilation CTs from daily 4D CTs or 4D KV conebeam CTs (4DCBCT) acquired during image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) for thoracic tumors, and to explore the potential for using the ventilation CTs as a means for early detection of lung injury during radiation treatment. Methods: 4DCT acquired using an in-room CT (CTVision, Siemens) and 4DCBCT acquired using the X-ray Volume Imaging (XVI) system (Infinity, Elekta) for representative lung cancer patients were analyzed. These 4D data sets were sorted into 10 phase images. A newly-available deformable image registration tool (ADMIRE, Elekta) is used to deform the phase images at the end of exhale (EE) to the phase images at the end of inhale (EI). The lung volumes at EI and EE were carefully contoured using an intensity-based auto-contour tool and then manually edited. The ventilation images were calculated from the variations of CT numbers of those voxels masked by the lung contour at EI between the registered phase images. The deformable image registration is also performed between the daily 4D images and planning 4DCT, and the resulting deformable field vector (DFV) is used to deform the planning doses to the daily images by an in-house Matlab program. Results: The ventilation images were successfully created. The tide volumes calculated using the ventilation images agree with those measured through volume difference of contours at EE and EI, indicating the accuracy of ventilation images. The association between the delivered doses and the change of lung ventilation from the daily ventilation CTs is identified. Conclusions: A method to create the ventilation CT using daily 4DCTs or 4D KV conebeam CTs was developed and demonstrated.

  14. Prospective Trial of High-Dose Reirradiation Using Daily Image Guidance With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Recurrent and Second Primary Head-and-Neck Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M.; Farwell, D. Gregory; Luu, Quang; Cheng, Suzan; Donald, Paul J.; Purdy, James A.

    2011-07-01

    Purpose: To report a single-institutional experience using intensity-modulated radiotherapy with daily image-guided radiotherapy for the reirradiation of recurrent and second cancers of the head and neck. Methods and Materials: Twenty-one consecutive patients were prospectively treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy from February 2006 to March 2009 to a median dose of 66 Gy (range, 60-70 Gy). None of these patients received concurrent chemotherapy. Daily helical megavoltage CT scans were obtained before each fraction as part of an image-guided radiotherapy registration protocol for patient alignment. Results: The 1- and 2-year estimates of in-field control were 72% and 65%, respectively. A total of 651 daily megavoltage CT scans were obtained. The mean systematic shift to account for interfraction motion was 1.38 {+-} 1.25 mm, 1.79 {+-} 1.45 mm, and 1.98 {+-} 1.75 mm for the medial-lateral, superior-inferior, and anterior-posterior directions, respectively. Pretreatment shifts of >3 mm occurred in 19% of setups in the medial-lateral, 27% in the superior-inferior, and 33% in the anterior-posterior directions, respectively. There were no treatment-related fatalities or hospitalizations. Complications included skin desquamation, odynophagia, otitis externa, keratitis, naso-lacrimal duct stenosis, and brachial plexopathy. Conclusions: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy with daily image guidance results in effective disease control with relatively low morbidity and should be considered for selected patients with recurrent and second primary cancers of the head and neck.

  15. Unprotected daily sun exposure is differently associated with central adiposity and beta-cell dysfunction by gender: The Korean national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES) V

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohn, Jung Hun; Kwon, In Ho; Park, Juri; Ryu, Ohk Hyun; Lee, Seong Jin; Kim, Doo-Man; Ihm, Sung-Hee; Choi, Moon-Gi; Yoo, Hyung Joon; Hong, Eun-Gyoung

    2014-08-15

    Background: Ultraviolet irradiation by sun exposure has been associated with both harms and benefits to metabolic health. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether unprotected daily sun exposure is associated with the prevalence of diabetes and explore the underlying mechanism. Methods: We analyzed the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey V from 2010 to 2011. Participants 19–60 years of age were asked about the average amount of time they had been exposed to direct sunlight per day since the age of 19. We categorized participants into three groups with different levels of lifetime daily sun exposure and explored the association of sun exposure with the prevalence of diabetes. Results: The risk of diabetes was higher in subjects with more than 5 h of unprotected sun exposure per day, with an odds ratio of 2.39 (95% CI 1.75–3.25), compared to those with less than 2 h of sun exposure, and the association remained significant after adjusting for diabetes risk factors. Long-term sun exposure was associated with increased central obesity and the possibility of an increase in visceral adiposity, especially among women, and with decrease in beta cell function and peripheral adiposity or percent body fat in men. Conclusions: Our study provides a cutoff for upper limit of sun exposure and suggests unprotected daily sun exposure for more than 5 h should be avoided to prevent diabetes. Increased central adiposity and decreased beta cell function were observed in women and men, respectively, who had long-term unprotected daily sun exposure. - Highlights: • Sun exposure for more than 5 h per day is associated with diabetes risk. • Insulin resistance associated with visceral adiposity may play a role in women. • Insulin secretory defect may explain diabetes risk in men.

  16. Economic Competitiveness of U.S. Utility-Scale Photovoltaics Systems in 2015: Regional Cost Modeling of Installed Cost ($/W) and LCOE ($/kWh)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Ran; James, Ted L.; Chung, Donald; Gagne, Douglas; Lopez, Anthony; Dobos, Aron

    2015-06-14

    Utility-scale photovoltaics (PV) system growth is largely driven by the economic metrics of total installed costs and levelized cost of electricity (LCOE), which differ by region. This study details regional cost factors, including environment (wind speed and snow loads), labor costs, material costs, sales taxes, and permitting costs using a new system-level bottom-up cost modeling approach. We use this model to identify regional all-in PV installed costs for fixed-tilt and one-axis tracker systems in the United States with consideration of union and non-union labor costs in 2015. LCOEs using those regional installed costs are then modeled and spatially presented. Finally, we assess the cost reduction opportunities of increasing module conversion efficiencies on PV system costs in order to indicate the possible economic impacts of module technology advancements and help future research and development (R&D) effects in the context of U.S. SunShot targets.

  17. Initial test results from the RedFlow 5 kW, 10 kWh zinc-bromide module, phase 1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Rose, David Martin

    2012-02-01

    In this paper the performance results of the RedFlow zinc-bromide module (ZBM) Gen 2.0 are reported for Phase 1 of testing, which includes initial characterization of the module. This included physical measurement, efficiency as a function of charge and discharge rates, efficiency as a function of maximum charge capacity, duration of maximum power supplied, and limited cycling with skipped strip cycles. The goal of this first phase of testing was to verify manufacturer specifications of the zinc-bromide flow battery. Initial characterization tests have shown that the ZBM meets the manufacturer's specifications. Further testing, including testing as a function of temperature and life cycle testing, will be carried out during Phase 2 of the testing, and these results will be issued in the final report, after Phase 2 testing has concluded.

  18. SU-E-J-181: Effect of Prostate Motion On Combined Brachytherapy and External Beam Dose Based On Daily Motion of the Prostate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narayana, V; McLaughlin, P; Ealbaj, J

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: In this study, the adequacy of target expansions on the combined external beam and implant dose was examined based on the measured daily motion of the prostate. Methods: Thirty patients received an I–125 prostate implant prescribed to dose of 90Gy. This was followed by external beam to deliver a dose of 90Gyeq (external beam equivalent) to the prostate over 25 to 30 fractions. An ideal IMRT plan was developed by optimizing the external beam dose based on the delivered implant dose. The implant dose was converted to an equivalent external beam dose using the linear quadratic model. Patients were set up on the treatment table by daily orthogonal imaging and aligning the marker seeds in the prostate. Orthogonal images were obtained at the end of treatment to assess prostate intrafraction motion. Based on the observed motion of the markers between the initial and final images, 5 individual plans showing the actual dose delivered to the patient were calculated. A final true dose distribution was established based on summing the implant dose and the 5 external beam plans. Dose to the prostate, seminal vesicles, lymphnodes and normal tissues, rectal wall, urethra and lower sphincter were calculated and compared to ideal. On 18 patients who were sexually active, dose to the corpus cavernosum and internal pudendal artery was also calculated. Results: The average prostate motion in 3 orthogonal directions was less than 1 mm with a standard deviation of less than +2 mm. Dose and volume parameters showed that there was no decrease in dose to the targets and a marginal decrease in dose to in normal tissues. Conclusion: Dose delivered by seed implant moves with the prostate, decreasing the impact of intrafractions dose movement on actual dose delivered. Combined brachytherapy and external beam dose delivered to the prostate was not sensitive to prostate motion.

  19. Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Electric and Gas Water Heaters Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters Vary equipment size, energy cost, hours of operation, and /or efficiency level. INPUT SECTION Input the following data (if any parameter is missing, calculator will set to default value). Defaults Type of Water Heater Electric Gas Electric Average Daily Usage (gallons per day)* gallons 64* Energy Factor† 0.92 (electric) 0.61 (gas) Energy Cost $ / kWh $0.06 per kWh $.60 per therm Quantity of

  20. L EONARDO BELTRAN DEPUTY SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND ENERGY TRANSITION OF MEXICO

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    L EONARDO BELTRAN DEPUTY SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND ENERGY TRANSITION OF MEXICO MEXICAN ENERGY REFORM 2015 EIA ENERGY CONFERENCE JUNE 15, 2015 * AVERAGE DAILY IRRADIATION IN MEXICO IS ABOUT 5.5 KWH/M 2 /D, AND CAN REACH VALUES HIGHER THAN 8.5KWH/M 2 . ** STUDIES TO CHARACTERIZE THE WIND RESOURCE IN REGIONS OF THE ISTHMUS OF TEHUANTEPEC, THE PENINSULAS OF YUCATAN AND BAJA CALIFORNIA, AND THE NORTHERN REGION OF THE GULF OF MEXICO. *** GEOTHERMAL POTENTIAL BASED ON THE CENSUS OF MORE THAN 1,300

  1. Slide 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wtd. Avg. Int. 7.4% Bureau of Reclamation Appropriations 510 Wtd. Avg. Int. 7.1% Power Marketing Transmission Bonds Issued to Treasury 1,854 Wtd. Avg. Int. 7.3% Bureau of...

  2. Slide 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    System Supply 6,560 Wtd. Avg. Int. 6.2% Bonds Issued to Treasury 796 Wtd. Avg. Int. 6.8% Bureau of Reclamation Appropriations 565 Wtd. Avg. Int. 7.1% Power Marketing...

  3. SU-E-J-257: A PCA Model to Predict Adaptive Changes for Head&neck Patients Based On Extraction of Geometric Features From Daily CBCT Datasets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chetvertkov, M; Siddiqui, F; Chetty, I; Kim, J; Kumarasiri, A; Liu, C; Gordon, J

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: Using daily cone beam CTs (CBCTs) to develop principal component analysis (PCA) models of anatomical changes in head and neck (H&N) patients and to assess the possibility of using these prospectively in adaptive radiation therapy (ART). Methods: Planning CT (pCT) images of 4 H&N patients were deformed to model several different systematic changes in patient anatomy during the course of the radiation therapy (RT). A Pinnacle plugin was used to linearly interpolate the systematic change in patient for the 35 fraction RT course and to generate a set of 35 synthetic CBCTs. Each synthetic CBCT represents the systematic change in patient anatomy for each fraction. Deformation vector fields (DVFs) were acquired between the pCT and synthetic CBCTs with random fraction-to-fraction changes were superimposed on the DVFs. A patient-specific PCA model was built using these DVFs containing systematic plus random changes. It was hypothesized that resulting eigenDVFs (EDVFs) with largest eigenvalues represent the major anatomical deformations during the course of treatment. Results: For all 4 patients, the PCA model provided different results depending on the type and size of systematic change in patient’s body. PCA was more successful in capturing the systematic changes early in the treatment course when these were of a larger scale with respect to the random fraction-to-fraction changes in patient’s anatomy. For smaller scale systematic changes, random changes in patient could completely “hide” the systematic change. Conclusion: The leading EDVF from the patientspecific PCA models could tentatively be identified as a major systematic change during treatment if the systematic change is large enough with respect to random fraction-to-fraction changes. Otherwise, leading EDVF could not represent systematic changes reliably. This work is expected to facilitate development of population-based PCA models that can be used to prospectively identify significant

  4. Maibarara Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    1 Avg. Annual Gross Operating Capacity(MW) Summer Peak Net Capacity (MW) Winter Peak Net Capacity (MW) Avg. Annual GenerationConsumption Gross Generation (MWh) 60 1...

  5. Appliance and Equipment Standards Program Logic Model

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... avg. EUI in all bldgs. 30% by 2030 Ensure reliable test procedures Ensure compliance with federal minimum standards Regularly develop cost-effective standards Reduce avg. EUI in ...

  6. C10DIV.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh) per Worker (thousand kWh) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per kWh (dollars) NEW ENGLAND...

  7. Entergy Arkansas - Small Business Energy Efficiency Programs...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting and Lighting Controls: 0.21 per kWh Window Film: .35 per kWh Duct Sealing:.35 per kWh Ceiling Insulation: .35 per kWh Refrigeration:...

  8. Evaluation of the Planning Target Volume in the Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy: What Is the Appropriate Expansion Margin in the Setting of Daily Image Guidance?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M.; Farwell, D. Gregory; Luu, Quang; Donald, Paul J.; Perks, Julian; Purdy, James A.

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: To compare patterns of disease failure among patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in conjunction with daily image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) for head and neck cancer, according to the margins used to expand the clinical target volume (CTV) to create a planning target volume (PTV). Methods and Materials: Two-hundred and twenty-five patients were treated with IMRT for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Daily IGRT scans were acquired using either kilovoltage or megavoltage volumetric imaging prior to each delivered fraction. The first 95 patients were treated with IMRT with 5-mm CTV-to-PTV margins. The subsequent 130 patients were treated using 3-mm PTV expansion margins. Results: Two-year estimates of overall survival, local-regional control, and distant metastasis-free survival were 76%, 78%, and 81%, respectively. There were no differences with respect to any of these endpoints among patients treated with 5-mm and 3-mm PTV expansion margins (p > 0.05, all). The 2-year local-regional control rate for patients treated with IMRT with 5-mm and 3-mm PTV margins was 78% and 78%, respectively (p = 0.96). Spatial evaluation revealed no differences in the incidences of marginal failures among those treated with 5-mm and 3-mm PTV margins. Conclusions: The use of 3-mm PTV expansion margins appears adequate and did not increase local-regional failures among patients treated with IMRT for head and neck cancer. These data demonstrate the safety of PTV reduction of less than 5 mm and support current protocols recommending this approach in the setting of daily IGRT.

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2012 Liabilities.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Northwest 2 1,169 Wtd. Avg. Int 4.9% BPA Appropriations 257 Wtd. Avg. Int 7.2% Capital Leases 120 Wtd. Avg. Int 4.7% Bonds Issued to Treasury 1,951 Wtd. Avg. Int 3.8%...

  10. Study Design And Realization Of Solar Water Heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lounis, M.; Boudjemaa, F.; Akil, S. Kouider

    2011-01-17

    Solar is one of the most easily exploitable energy, it is moreover inexhaustible. His applications are many and are varied. The heating of the domestic water is one of the most immediate, simplest and also of most widespread exploitation of the solar energy. Algeria, from its geographical situation, it deposits one of the largest high sun surface expositions in the world. The exposition duration of the almost territory exceeds 2000 hours annually and can reach the 3900 hours (high plateaus and Sahara). By knowing the daily energy received by 1 m{sup 2} of a horizontal surface of the solar thermal panel is nearly around 1700 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the north and 2263 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the south of the country, we release the most important and strategic place of the solar technologies in the present and in the future for Algeria. This work consists to study, conceive and manufacture solar water heating with the available local materials so, this type of the energy will be profitable for all, particularly the poor countries. If we consider the illumination duration of the panel around 6 hours a day, the water heat panel manufactured in our laboratory produce an equivalent energy of 11.615 KWh a day so, 4239 KWh a year. These values of energy can be easily increased with performing the panel manufacture.

  11. Daily Flight Planning and Operations Schedule

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    planning and operations activities will be carried out for each flight of the G-1 and King Air aircraft. These activities are listed separately from preparation of scientific...

  12. ARRA521 Recovery Act - Project Daily Report

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Valley Demonstration Project 62,875,000 61,790,821 61,790,821 0 Title X UraniumThorium Reimbursements 70,000,000 69,996,978 69,996,978 0 Management & Oversight ...

  13. EIA-930 Hourly and Daily Balancing ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... file retrieval using business-to-business data transfer or web services technology. ... but are to be included in the posted hourly value for balancing authority net generation. ...

  14. ARRA521 Recovery Act - Project Daily Report

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy ARRA Grid Modernization Investment Highlights - Fact Sheet ARRA Grid Modernization Investment Highlights - Fact Sheet The power grid of the future is a platform that delivers reliable, affordable, and clean electricity to American consumers where they want it, when they want it, and how they want it. To jump start the modernization of our nation's aging energy infrastructure, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 invested $4.5 billion in the electric sector - matched by

  15. Daily Occurrence Reports | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will be user-id and password restricted to approved DOE and DOE contractor personnel. ... ORPS user-id and password, both via this web page and via a link from the ORPS homepage. ...

  16. Daily Sodium Butyrate Enema for the Prevention of Radiation Proctitis in Prostate Cancer Patients Undergoing Radical Radiation Therapy: Results of a Multicenter Randomized Placebo-Controlled Dose-Finding Phase 2 Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maggio, Angelo; Magli, Alessandro; Rancati, Tiziana; Fiorino, Claudio; Valvo, Francesca; Fellin, Giovanni; Ricardi, Umberto; Munoz, Fernando; Cosentino, Dorian; Cazzaniga, Luigi Franco; Valdagni, Riccardo; Vavassori, Vittorio

    2014-07-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of sodium butyrate enemas (NABUREN) in prostate cancer radiation therapy (RT) in reducing the incidence, severity, and duration of acute RT-induced proctitis. Methods and Materials: 166 patients, randomly allocated to 1 of 4 groups (rectal sodium butyrate 1 g, 2 g, or 4 g daily or placebo), were treated with NABUREN during and 2 weeks after RT. The grade of proctitis was registered in a daily diary. The correlation between NABUREN and proctitis was investigated through χ{sup 2} statistics. The toxicity endpoints considered were as follows: total number of days with grade ≥1 proctitis (≥G1); total number of days with grade ≥2 proctitis (≥G2); ≥G1 and ≥G2 proctitis lasting at least 3 and 5 consecutive days starting from week 4 (≥G1+3d, ≥G2+3d); damaging effects of RT on rectal mucosa as measured by endoscopy. The relationship between endpoints and pretreatment morbidities, hormonal therapy, presence of diabetes or hypertension, abdominal surgery, or hemorrhoids was investigated by univariate analysis. Results: The patients were randomly allocated to the 4 arms. No difference in the distribution of comorbidities among the arms was observed (P>.09). The mean ≥G1 and ≥G2 proctitis were 7.8 and 4.9 for placebo and 8.9 and 4.7 for the NABUREN group, respectively. No favorable trend in reduction of incidence, severity, and duration of ≥G1 and ≥G2 proctitis was observed with NABUREN use. In univariate analysis, ≥G1+3d toxicity was found to be related to hemorrhoids (P=.008), and a slight correlation was found between ≥G2 proctitis and hormonal therapy (P=.06). The RT effects on rectal mucosa as based on endoscopic assessment were mainly related to diabetes (P<.01). Endoscopy data at 6 week showed no significant difference between the placebo and butyrate arms. The other investigated endpoints were not correlated with any of the clinical risk factors analyzed. Conclusion: There was no evidence of efficacy

  17. Potential for Higher Treatment Failure in Obese Patients: Correlation of Elevated Body Mass Index and Increased Daily Prostate Deviations From the Radiation Beam Isocenters in an Analysis of 1,465 Computed Tomographic Images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, James R. Gao Zhanrong; Merrick, Scott; Wilson, Paula; Uematsu, Minoru; Woo, Kevin; Cheng, C.-W.

    2009-09-01

    Purpose: Recent clinical outcome studies on prostate cancer have reported the influence of patient's obesity on the biochemical failure rates after various treatment modalities. In this study, we investigated the effect of patient's physical characteristics on prostate shift in external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and hypothesized that there maybe a correlation between patient physique and tumor shift. Methods and Materials: A retrospective analysis was performed using data for 117 patients who received image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) for prostate cancer between January 2005 and April 2007. A total of 1,465 CT scans were analyzed. The standard deviations (SDs) of prostate shifts for all patients, along with patient weight, body mass index (BMI), and subcutaneous adipose-tissue thickness (SAT), were determined. Spearman rank correlation analysis was performed. Results: Of the 117 patients, 26.5% were considered normal weight, 48.7% were overweight, 17.9% were mildly obese, and 6.9% were moderately to severely obese. Notably 1.3%, 1.5%, 2.0%, and 21.2% of the respective shifts were greater than 10 mm in the left-right (LR) direction for the four patient groups, whereas in the anterior-posterior direction the shifts are 18.2%, 12.6%, 6.7%, and 21.0%, respectively. Strong correlations were observed between SAT, BMI, patient weight, and SDs of daily shifts in the LR direction (p < 0.01). Conclusions: The strong correlation between obesity and shift indicates that without image-guided radiation therapy, the target volume (prostate with or without seminal vesicles) may not receive the intended dose for patients who are moderate to severely obese. This may explain the higher recurrence rate with conventional external beam radiation therapy.

  18. City of Fort Collins, Colorado (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Average Rates Residential: 0.0926kWh Commercial: 0.0737kWh Industrial: 0.0562kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Fort Collins City...

  19. City of Sidney, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Average Rates Residential: 0.1070kWh Commercial: 0.0878kWh Industrial: 0.0555kWh References "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a" Retrieved from...

  20. City of Seward, Alaska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Residential: 0.2030kWh Commercial: 0.2160kWh Industrial: 0.1730kWh References "EIA Form EIA-861...

  1. Cumberland Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Residential: 0.1060kWh Commercial: 0.1120kWh Industrial: 0.0733kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data...

  2. Orange & Rockland Utils Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    kWh Commercial: 0.1230kWh Industrial: 0.0580kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Orange & Rockland Utils Inc (New York). Scroll leftright to...

  3. PHEVs Component Requirements and Efficiencies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fuel Consumption l100km Electrical Consumption Whkm Conventional Split HEV PHEV 8kWh Split Optimum Engine Power PHEV 12 kWh Series Thermostat Control PHEV 16 kWh Series ...

  4. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    4A. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh)...

  5. Elk Valley Rancheria California: Energy Efficiency and Alternative...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    City, California 95531 Administrative Building 2332 Howland Hill Road Crescent City, ... City, California 95531 Facility Annual Usage (kwh) Monthly Average (kwh) Administrative ...

  6. Facilities Initiatives | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Estimated reduction in electricity purchased per year: 510,000 KWh Estimated reduction in ... Estimated reduction in electricity purchased per year: 475,700 KWh Estimated reduction in ...

  7. Latest in Village Scale Clean Energy Technology

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... * Generally calculated on monthly or annual basis * Total energy savings * Loading on ... Power Wind n Penetratio ous Instantane (kWh) Demand Energy Primary (kWh) Produced ...

  8. ARM: ABLE: minisodar (mini - sound det. and ranging) wind profiles...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ABLE: minisodar (mini - sound det. and ranging) wind profiles, 100-200 m, avg Title: ARM: ABLE: minisodar (mini - sound det. and ranging) wind profiles, 100-200 m, avg ABLE: ...

  9. U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Activities: Progress and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Results include 82 data sets from 10 fuel cell developers. Application Avg Projected Time to 10% Voltage Drop Avg Operation Hours Backup power 2,400 1,100 Automotive 4,000 2,700 ...

  10. DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Program Record, Record # 11003, Fuel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Forklift 45% of data sets are short stacks 2 Prime Hours Operation Hours and Projected Hours to 10% Voltage Drop 1 25 th -75 th Percentile Max Op Hr Avg Op Hr Max Proj Hr 3 Avg ...

  11. Optimizing and Diversifying the Electric Range of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles for U.S. Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong

    2012-01-01

    To provide useful information for automakers to design successful plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) products and for energy and environmental analysts to understand the social impact of PHEVs, this paper addresses the question of how many of the U.S. consumers, if buying a PHEV, would prefer what electric ranges. The Market-oriented Optimal Range for PHEV (MOR-PHEV) model is developed to optimize the PHEV electric range for each of 36,664 sampled individuals representing U.S. new vehicle drivers. The optimization objective is the minimization of the sum of costs on battery, gasoline, electricity and refueling hassle. Assuming no battery subsidy, the empirical results suggest that: 1) the optimal PHEV electric range approximates two thirds of one s typical daily driving distance in the near term, defined as $450/kWh battery delivered price and $4/gallon gasoline price. 2) PHEVs are not ready to directly compete with HEVs at today s situation, defined by the $600/kWh battery delivered price and the $3-$4/gallon gasoline price, but can do so in the near term. 3) PHEV10s will be favored by the market over longer-range PHEVs in the near term, but longer-range PHEVs can dominate the PHEV market if gasoline prices reach as high as $5-$6 per gallon and/or battery delivered prices reach as low as $150-$300/kWh. 4) PHEVs can become much more attractive against HEVs in the near term if the electric range can be extended by only 10% with multiple charges per day, possible with improved charging infrastructure or adapted charging behavior. 5) the impact of a $100/kWh decrease in battery delivered prices on the competiveness of PHEVs against HEVs can be offset by about $1.25/gallon decrease in gasoline prices, or about 7/kWh increase in electricity prices. This also means that the impact of a $1/gallon decrease in gasoline prices can be offset by about 5/kWh decrease in electricity prices.

  12. DOE Publishes CALiPER Report on Cost-Effectiveness of Linear...

    Energy Savers

    annual operating hours (2,000 hours or 4,000 hours), LED installation time (15 minutes or 30 minutes), and melded electricity rate (0.06kWh, 0.12kWh, 0.18kWh, or 0.24kWh). ...

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Using Electricity (million |Electricity Energy Intensity | | | (billion kWh) | square feet | (kWhsquare foot) | | |---+---...

  14. Sub-daily Statistical Downscaling of Meteorological Variables...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and variance that was accurate within 1% for all variables except atmospheric pressure, wind speed, and precipitation. Correlations between downscaled output and the expected...

  15. Grant will ensure lab's financial, scientific future (Daily Press...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    www.dailypress.comnewslocalnewportnewsdp-localjefflab0919sep19,0,4329162.story Submitted: Friday, September 19, 2008

  16. Influence of climate model biases and daily-scale temperature...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Fourth Assessment Report concludes that climate change is now unequivocal, and associated increases in evaporation and atmospheric ...

  17. Jeff Lab director plans retirement (Daily Press) | Jefferson...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    he planned to retire, pending the hiring of a new director. Leemann is a native of Switzerland who came to the U.S. in 1970 for a position at the Lawrence Berkeley Lab in...

  18. Calibrating hourly rainfall-runoff models with daily forcings...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Cite: Chicago Format Close Bibtex Cite: Bibtex Format Close Export Metadata EndNote Excel CSV XML Save Share this Record Send to Email Send to Email Email address:...

  19. Bush signs defense bill with aircraft carrier, sub funding (Daily...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    which is built jointly by Northrop Grumman Newport News and the Electric Boat shipyard in Groton, Connecticut. That money was likewise requested in February and has never...

  20. Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Now everyone can feature the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) Today in Energy content on their website and favorite social networking sites. Today in Energy, the agency’s education...

  1. Warm Weather and the Daily Commute | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    courtesy of iStockphoto.comolaser Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory How can I participate? Check out options for busing or carpooling in...

  2. Warm Weather and the Daily Commute | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Does Your City Have a Commuting Challenge? Drive Less, Save More Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Connect With Us Facebook iconconnecttwitter.png Twitter...

  3. Demonstration of energy savings of cool roofs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konopacki, S.; Gartland, L.; Akbari, H.; Rainer, L.

    1998-06-01

    Dark roofs raise the summertime air-conditioning demand of buildings. For highly-absorptive roofs, the difference between the surface and ambient air temperatures can be as high as 90 F, while for highly-reflective roofs with similar insulative properties, the difference is only about 20 F. For this reason, cool roofs are effective in reducing cooling energy use. Several experiments on individual residential buildings in California and Florida show that coating roofs white reduces summertime average daily air-conditioning electricity use from 2--63%. This demonstration project was carried out to address some of the practical issues regarding the implementation of reflective roofs in a few commercial buildings. The authors monitored air-conditioning electricity use, roof surface temperature, plenum, indoor, and outdoor air temperatures, and other environmental variables in three buildings in California: two medical office buildings in Gilroy and Davis and a retail store in San Jose. Coating the roofs of these buildings with a reflective coating increased the roof albedo from an average of 0.20--0.60. The roof surface temperature on hot sunny summer afternoons fell from 175 F--120 F after the coating was applied. Summertime average daily air-conditioning electricity use was reduced by 18% (6.3 kWh/1000ft{sup 2}) in the Davis building, 13% (3.6 kWh/1000ft{sup 2}) in the Gilroy building, and 2% (0.4 kWh/1000ft{sup 2}) in the San Jose store. In each building, a kiosk was installed to display information from the project in order to educate and inform the general public about the environmental and energy-saving benefits of cool roofs. They were designed to explain cool-roof coating theory and to display real-time measurements of weather conditions, roof surface temperature, and air-conditioning electricity use. 55 figs., 15 tabs.

  4. Integrated Testing, Simulation and Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.

    2012-09-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory verified diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reduction and cost implications of plug-in hybrid gasoline and diesel variants. These variants are run on a field-data-derived design matrix to analyze the effects of drive cycle, distance, battery replacements, battery capacity, and motor power on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. Two cost scenarios using fuel prices corresponding to forecasted highs for 2011 and 2030 and battery costs per kilowatt-hour representing current and long-term targets compare plug-in hybrid lifetime costs with diesel conventional lifetime costs. Under a future cost scenario of $100/kWh battery energy and $5/gal fuel, plug-in hybrids are cost effective. Assuming a current cost of $700/kWh and $3/gal fuel, they rarely recoup the additional motor and battery cost. The results highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle, daily driving distance, and kinetic intensity. For instances in the current-cost scenario where the additional plug-in hybrid cost is regained in fuel savings, the combination of kinetic intensity and daily distance travelled does not coincide with the usage patterns observed in the field data. If the usage patterns were adjusted, the hybrids could become cost effective.

  5. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles : How does one determine their potential for reducing U.S. oil dependence?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vyas, A.; Santini, D.; Duoba, M.; Alexander, M.; Energy Systems; EPRI

    2008-09-01

    Estimation of the potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV's) ability to reduce U.S. gasoline use is difficult and complex. Although techniques have been proposed to estimate the vehicle kilometers of travel (VKT) that can be electrified, these methods may be inadequate and/or inappropriate for early market introduction circumstances. Factors that must be considered with respect to the PHEV itself include (1) kWh battery storage capability; (2) kWh/km depletion rate of the vehicle (3) liters/km use of gasoline (4) average daily kilometers driven (5) annual share of trips exceeding the battery depletion distance (6) driving cycle(s) (7) charger location [i.e. on-board or off-board] (8) charging rate. Each of these factors is actually a variable, and many interact. Off the vehicle, considerations include (a) primary overnight charging spot [garage, carport, parking garage or lot, on street], (b) availability of primary and secondary charging locations [i.e. dwellings, workplaces, stores, etc] (c) time of day electric rates (d) seasonal electric rates (e) types of streets and highways typically traversed during most probable trips depleting battery charge [i.e. city, suburban, rural and high vs. low density]; (f) cumulative trips per day from charger origin (g) top speeds and peak acceleration rates required to make usual trips. Taking into account PHEV design trade-off possibilities (kW vs. kWh of battery, in particular), this paper attempts to extract useful information relating to these topics from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS), and the 2005 American Housing Survey (AHS). Costs per kWh of PHEVs capable of charge depleting (CD) all-electric range (CDE, or AER) vs. those CD in 'blended' mode (CDB) are examined. Lifetime fuel savings of alternative PHEV operating/utilization strategies are compared to battery cost estimates.

  6. Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Summer Peak Net Capacity (MW) Winter Peak Net Capacity (MW) Avg. Annual GenerationConsumption Gross Generation (MWh) Generation Delivered to Grid (MWh) Plant Parasitic...

  7. Search for: All records | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    David Cook" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: Select Type AnimationsSimulations ... avg View Dataset March 1998 ARM: Snow depth David Cook ; Jenni Kyrouac Snow depth View ...

  8. Steamboat III Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Parasitic Consumption (MWh) Well Field Number of Production Wells (total) Number of Injection Wells (total) Avg. Well Depth (m) GeofluidGeosteam flow rate into plant Average...

  9. Steamboat Hills Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Parasitic Consumption (MWh) Well Field Number of Production Wells (total) Number of Injection Wells (total) Avg. Well Depth (m) GeofluidGeosteam flow rate into plant Average...

  10. Released: September, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    . Electricity Consumption (kWh) by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)" ,"Total ","Space Heat- ing","Cool- ing","Venti-...

  11. Released: September, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    A. Electricity Consumption (kWh) by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)" ,"Total ","Space Heat- ing","Cool- ing","Venti- lation","Water...

  12. PowerPoint Presentation

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Annual Payment (Not including Monthly Household Debt) 13,915.50 13,946.11 14,223.18 ... Energy Consumption of Base Home Quantity Monthly kWh Yearly kWh Refrigerator 1 24.67 ...

  13. The Integrated Grid: Realizing the Full Value of Central and...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... For residential PV the FIT has dropped from 0 .50kWh in 2000 to 0 .18 kWh today . An electricity price greater than the FIT has resulted in a trend of self-consumption ...

  14. SEP Success Story: Library Patrons in New York Check-Out Renewable...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    used Recovery Act funds to install two photovoltaic arrays expected to generate 31,200 kWh ... used Recovery Act funds to install two photovoltaic arrays expected to generate 31,200 kWh ...

  15. TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Years 11-20: retail electric rate 2014 Premium Rates: Solar: 0.04kWh Wind, Biomass, and Hydro: 0.03kWh Summary Note: Enrollment for 2015 was conducted from January 26th to...

  16. Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Name Utility Administrator Pacific Power Website http:www.pacificpower.netbusseepi.html State California Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.12kWh-0.18kWh...

  17. NV Energy (Southern Nevada) - SureBet Business Energy Efficiency...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    25 Window Film: 0.50sq. ft. Variable Speed Drives: 45HP Hotel Room Occupancy Sensor: 55unit Commercial Custom Retrofit: 0.10kWh on peak; 0.05kWh off peak New...

  18. NV Energy (Northern Nevada) - SureBet Business Energy Efficiency...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    25 Window Film: 0.50sq. ft. Variable Speed Drives: 45HP Hotel Room Occupancy Sensor: 55unit Commercial Custom Retrofit: 0.10kWh on peak; 0.05kWh off peak New...

  19. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    . Electricity Consumption (kWh) by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing...

  20. Electricity Monthly Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption. Average Revenue per kWh by state Percent Change Per KWh map showing U.S. electric industry percent...

  1. South Carolina Municipalities- Green Power Purchasing

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Participating residential customers are able to purchase this green power for $3 per 100 kWh block. Commercial participants are able to purchase the power for $6 per 200 kWh block.

  2. Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs...

    Energy Savers

    Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams November 4, ...

  3. Elk Valley Rancheria, California, Energy Efficiency and Alternative...

    Energy Savers

    Commission Total Casino 17,877 0 11,870 1,489 0 989 Facility Annual Usage (kwh) Monthly Average (kwh) Administrative Offices 116,400 13,867 Small Community Center 76,299 6,358 ...

  4. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0.02 mills per kWh to Energy Under Normal Operations, the adjustment per 1 million investment is: 0.003 kWMonth to Capacity 0.012 mills per kWh to Energy 3 ...

  5. 2009 Template

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Design, Fabrication, and Test of a 5 kWh Flywheel Energy Storage System Utilizing a ... System Architecture for Deployment of a 3kW 5kWh Flywheel Energy Storage System - DOE...

  6. Regulatory Considerations for Developing Distributed Generation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    generator? Who owns the generator? Who operates the generator? Who has a right to dispatchcontrol the generator? Who owns the kWh? To whom are the kWh sold? ...

  7. Energy Efficiency for the Nunamiut People of Anaktuvuk Pass,...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    radio station Electric Rate: .35kWh, 9.25gal oil Reduce ElectricalHeating ... When BTUs from Electricity is at .30kWh the BTU parity for heating fuel is 10.60 ...

  8. Community Based Wood Heat System for Fort Yukon

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    community based program 0.51 per kWh electricity 6.75 per gallon gasoline ... plant - CHP - still looking for 100-400 Kwh technology Heating Systems Stick Fired ...

  9. DOE Offers $15 Million Geothermal Heat Recovery Opportunity ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The FOA also calls for the reduction of the levelized cost of electricity for new methods of geothermal energy production from 0.10 kWh to 0.06 kWh. Applicants must submit an ...

  10. Energy Department Recognizes Organizations for Leadership in...

    Energy Savers

    900 stores, resulting in an estimated savings of 1.4 million kWh, worth 140,000 annually. ... resulting in an estimated savings of 31 million kWh, worth 4.7 million annually. ...

  11. DOE Campaign Proves Commercial Lighting Upgrades Drive Savings...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    which represents an estimated 130 million kWh, or 13.5 million in energy cost savings. ... are responsible for an annual consumption rate of nearly 97 billion kWh of electricity. ...

  12. Powering Remote Northern Villages with the Midnight Sun

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    We face high energy costs: 0.51 per kWh electricity 6.75 per gallon gasoline 5.75 per ... Appendices Appendices YUKON FLATS SCHOOL DIST Billed kWh Percentage of Village Total ...

  13. Presidential Permit Holders - Annual Reports | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    During the calendar year just completed, 300,000,000 kilowatt-hours (kwh) are imported from Canada across this line. Utility A arranged for the purchase of 200,000,000 kwh for its ...

  14. Main Title 32pt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Technology Current Cost (kWh) 10-yr Projected Cost (kWh) Flooded Lead-acid Batteries 150 150 VRLA Batteries 200 200 NiCd Batteries 600 600 Ni-MH Batteries 800 350 ...

  15. Project Profile: Innovative Application of Maintenance-Free Phase...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    system that, when combined with Infinia's dish-Stirling system, can achieve DOE's CSP cost goals of 0.07kWh by 2015 for intermediate power and 5kWh by 2020 for baseload power. ...

  16. Advanced CSP Systems Analysis

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    dramatically reduce costs (less than 10kWh by 2015) Accomplishments * Performed review ... The distribution of calculated LEC in this example ranged from approximately 0.08kWh e ...

  17. Elk Valley Rancheria, California Energy Efficiency and Alternaives...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Facility Annual Usage (kwh) Monthly Average (kwh) Administrative Offices 116,400 13,867 Small Community Center 76,299 6,358 Tribal Gaming Commission 14,901 1,242 Casino 2,430,300 ...

  18. SunShot Concentrating Solar Power Research

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    solar power (CSP) without economic support is estimated to be approximately 0.21kWh. ... and thermal storage-are necessary to achieve the SunShot cost goal of 0.06kWh. ...

  19. Tax Incentives

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    tax credits for each kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity generated by the facility power projects are eligible to receive 2.3 cents per kWh for the produc - tion of electricity ...

  20. PowerPoint Presentation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    TESTING? 7 Capacity tests, performance ratio tests Model Output kWh (Expected) Meteorological Data Output kWh (Measured) System Parameters Actual PV Plant 3 May 2013 Standards ...

  1. Preliminary Technical Risk Analysis for the Geothermal Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Probability of Meeting 5kWh Goal by Case Case and Year Baseline 2005 LCOE Improved-Case LCOE Range 3 Probability of Meeting Min Mean Max 5kWh Goal Mean LCOE by Case Year ...

  2. Cleanable and Hardcoat Coatings for Increased Durability of Silvered...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    for Concentrating Solar Power of 6KWh e . The SunShot Initiative targets for Thermal Energy Storage (TES) are: * TES Cost 15KWh th * TES Efficiency (2 nd Law) 95% * ...

  3. Fact #823: June 2, 2014 Hybrid Vehicles use more Battery Packs...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    hybrid vehicles which use battery packs that average about 1.3 kilowatt-hours (kWh). ... much larger with capacities as high as 85 kWh - a battery offering for the Tesla Model S. ...

  4. Transforming a Transformative School | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    are expected to save nearly 2 million kWh of electricity and more than 1,000 MMBtus ... These upgrades are expected to save nearly 2 million kWh of electricity annually and more ...

  5. Analyses of Hydrogen Storage Materials and On-Board Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... TIAX Base Case 5,000 psi 10,000 psi System Cost, kWh Assembly & Inspection BOP ... TIAX Base Case 5,000 psi 10,000 psi System Cost, kWh Assembly & Inspection BOP ...

  6. US DOE Hydrgoen Program- HyDRA (Hydrogen Demand and Resource...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0.0525kWh Resource, Demand, and Infrastructure Vary Regionally * Move beyond national averages * Facilitate regional and local analyses Wyoming - Oregon - 0.0391kWh 0.0443...

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - Stockton Update_SWPA Conf_Rev 1 (Jun...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    vertical axis Kaplan unit Peaking plant Peaking plant Average annual energy production of 55 000 000 KWH 55,000,000 KWH Plant placed in service in 1973 Remote operated from ...

  8. Nyseg non-residential adjustment fees? | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    MFC on Nyseg's site and each is less than 0.005kWh. That being said, the posted value matches my expectations more for high New York electricity rates (0.16kWh). Am I missing...

  9. 194 kilowatt solar photovoltaic flat panel power system for the combined Beverly High School/C. H. Patten Vocational High School, Beverly, Massachusetts. Final technical report, October 1, 1978-March 31, 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addiss, R.R. Jr.; Lawson, P.A.

    1980-06-01

    The 194 kW system consists of the photovoltaic array, the inverter/control subsystem, the building and utility interface, and the monitoring subsystem. The photovoltaic array consists of 56 separate subarrays of 112 photovoltaic modules each, deployed in rows on the southerly facing slope north of the school building. The wiring scheme permits individual modules to be disconnected without a radical change in subarray output current. Power is transmitted at 4160 V from the inverters and a step-up transformer to the main 4160 V utility feed line in the school. Separate metering measures power bought and sold. At the optimum tilt angle of 40/sup 0/, the array provides 232 MWh of ac energy annually, or 17% of the school load. It provides a good match to the summer daily load profile, resulting primarily from the central air-conditioning. Some power is sold to the utility throughout the year, mainly on weekends. The immediate impact is an $8000 saving in the annual utility bill. Levelized busbar energy costs are reduced from $2/kWh to $1/kWh when site-specific parameters are used in the analysis instead of the JPL-specified nominal values. A fault detection and isolation scheme which can find a single module failure is incorporated into the monitoring subsystem.

  10. Economic characteristics of the peat deposits of Costa Rica: preliminary study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, A.D. Malavassi, L.; Raymond, R. Jr.; Mora, S.; Alverado, A.

    1985-01-01

    Recent field and laboratory studies have established the presence of numerous extensive peat deposits in Costa Rica. Three of these were selected for initial investigation: (1) the cloud-forest histosols of the Talamanca Mountain Range; (2) the Rio Medio Queso flood plain deposits near the northern Costa Rican border; and (3) a tropical jungle swamp deposit on the northeastern coastal plain. In the Talamanca area, 29 samples were collected from eight sites. Due to the high moisture and cool temperatures of the cloud forest, the peats in this area form blanket-like deposits (generally <1 meter thick) over a wide area (>150 km/sup 2/). These peats are all highly decomposed (avg. 28% fiber), high in ash (avg. 21%), and extensively bioturbated. Relative to all other sites visited, these peats are lowest in moisture (avg. 84%), pH (avg. 4.4), fixed carbon (avg. 23%), and sulfur (avg. 0.2%). However, they have the highest bulk densities (avg. 0.22 g/cc), volatile matter contents (avg. 55%), and nitrogen. Their heating value averaged 7700 BTUs/lb., dry. In the Rio Medio Queso area, 28 samples were collected, representing one transect of the 70 km/sup 2/ flood plain. The peats here occurred in several layers (each <1-1/2 meters thick), interfingering with river flood plain sediments. These peats have the highest calorific values (avg. 8000 BTUs/lb., dry), fixed carbon (avg. 30%), and ash (avg. 22%) and have an average pH of 5.4 and a bulk density of 0.20 g/cc. These results represent only the first part of a long-term, extensive survey of Costa Rica's peat resources. However, they suggest that large, economically-significant peat deposits may be present in this country. 5 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

  11. U.S. Virgin Islands Feed-In Tariff

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In May of 2014, AB 7586 created a feed-in-tariff that would allow owners of solar photovotaic systems ranging between 10 kWh and 500 kWh to sell their energy for approximately 26 cents per kWh. Two...

  12. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2014: Near Zero Maine Home...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual PV production revenue: 734 * Annual energy savings: without PV 15,218 kWh, with PV 19,536 kWh; 393 gallons of oil * Annual PV production: projected 4,204 kWh, actual 5,400 ...

  13. Building America Case Study: Community-Scale Energy Modeling (Fact Sheet), Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Building Technologies Office (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Community-Scale Energy Modeling Southeastern United States PROJECT INFORMATION Construction: Existing home Type: Single-family Builder: Not available Size: 1,100 ft 2 to 1,400 ft 2 Number of Homes: 1,166 Price Range: Not available Date completed: 1970s, 2000s Climate Zone: 3A, Hot-humid PERFORMANCE DATA Annual Energy Consumption: Average: 15,459 kWh Median: 15,252 kWh Standard Deviation: 4,163 kWh 2.5th Percentile: 7,469 kWh 97.5th Percentile: 24,001 kWh Community-scale energy modeling and

  14. Itaipu: never underestimate the Latins. [Paraguay/Brazil binational project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-04-06

    The Itaipu hydroelectric project, a joint effort of Brazil and Paraguay (with a cost of US $16 to 18 billion), will be finished in December 1989. The project is situated on the Parana River, 14 km beyond the Puente de da Amistad (Friendship Bridge), which connects the city Presidente Stroessner, in Paraguay, with Foz do Iguacu, in Brazil. It is considered today not only the biggest hydroelectric plant in the world, but also a great socio-economic boom in the making. Itaipu will add a total of 12.6-million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of hydroelectricity to the region, an equivalent of 600,000 barrels of oil daily (b/d). This issue of Energy Detente reviews the progress of Itaipu. Also appearing in this issue is the fuel price/tax series and the principal industrial fuel prices for April 1983 for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere.

  15. From Nepal to JLab â€" One Scientist's Journey (Daily Press) |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Work | Department of Energy From Mind to Marketplace: SunShot Incubator's Latest Protégés Get to Work From Mind to Marketplace: SunShot Incubator's Latest Protégés Get to Work October 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis Workers from Clean Power Research review a software platform that aims to lower the costs associated with connecting distributed solar electricity generation to the grid. The platform is one of several projects funded through the Energy Department’s SunShot Incubator Program,

  16. The maneuvering area of VVER-1000 during the daily load-cycling operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dubov, A. A.

    2014-12-15

    The possibility of the VVER-1000 reactor operation in the mode of power maneuvering is analyzed with the most conservative approximations in view of control of the in-core power distribution.

  17. EIA - Daily Report 10/7/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Please consult the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's Situation ... Natural Gas For the first time since Hurricane Rita made landfall, a spot price quote at ...

  18. EIA - Daily Report 10/11/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Please consult the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's Situation ... Natural Gas For the first time since Hurricane Rita made landfall, a spot price quote at ...

  19. EIA - Daily Report 9/29/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Oil (Bbl) 66.79 66.35 +0.44 66.50 49.51 Gasoline (cgal) 225.16 235.93 -8.77 213.94 ... In sum, there are 4 refineries still shut down in the New Orleans area following Hurricane ...

  20. EIA - Daily Report 10/5/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Crude Oil (Bbl) 62.79 63.90 -1.11 66.35 51.09 Gasoline (cgal) 190.78 201.57 -10.79 ... In sum, there are 4 refineries still shut down in the New Orleans area following Hurricane ...

  1. EIA - Daily Report 10/26/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ...d Bayway refinery has reportedly been restarted as of yesterday following the 45-minute power outage. No timetable has been set for when the refinery will be up to full speed. ...

  2. EIA - Daily Report 9/7/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on U.S...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    EIA released its monthly Short-Term Energy ... weeks, which should clarify our forecast. ... Fuel Update. As of September 5, the average weekly retail gasoline price ...

  3. GSOD Based Daily Global Mean Surface Temperature and Mean Sea Level Air Pressure (1982-2011)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xuan Shi, Dali Wang

    2014-05-05

    This data product contains all the gridded data set at 1/4 degree resolution in ASCII format. Both mean temperature and mean sea level air pressure data are available. It also contains the GSOD data (1982-2011) from NOAA site, contains station number, location, temperature and pressures (sea level and station level). The data package also contains information related to the data processing methods

  4. Daily Fill Factor Variation as a Diagnostic Probe of Multijunction Concentrator Systems During Outdoor Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, W. E.; Emery, K. E.; Friedman, D. J.; Ottoson, L.; Young, M. S.; Ward, J. S.; Kramer, C. M.; Duda, A.; Kurtz, S.

    2007-01-01

    The work presented here is for GaInP2/GaAs tandem cells, but the conclusions are equally valid for GaInP2/GaAs/Ge triple-junction cells. Optimizing a concentrator system which uses multijunction solar cells is challenging because: (a) the conditions are variable, so the solar cells rarely operate under optimal conditions and (b) the conditions are not controlled, so any design problems are difficult to characterize. Any change in the spectral content of direct-beam sunlight as it passes through the concentrator optics is of particular interest, as it can reduce the performance of multijunction cells and is difficult to characterize.

  5. EIA - Daily Report 9/27/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... (NYMEX), where futures contracts are traded for delivery to the Henry Hub, has declared a Force Majeure for deliveries under the September contract for the rest of the month. ...

  6. EIA - Daily Report 9/19/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on U...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monday, September 19, 5:00 pm Hurricane Katrina in Perspective (see figures below). While the peak crude oil production loss from Hurricane Katrina was similar to 2004's Hurricane ...

  7. EIA - Daily Report 9/16/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on U...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Hurricane Katrina in Perspective (see figures below) While the peak crude oil production loss from Hurricane Katrina was similar to Hurricane Ivan last year and even less than ...

  8. Germ-Killing or Germ-Attracting? (Daily Press) | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    fabric first researched by DuPont loses its effectiveness with just a simple coating of dust. The synthetic material was first considered for its germ-killing properties...

  9. GSOD Based Daily Global Mean Surface Temperature and Mean Sea Level Air Pressure (1982-2011)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Xuan Shi, Dali Wang

    This data product contains all the gridded data set at 1/4 degree resolution in ASCII format. Both mean temperature and mean sea level air pressure data are available. It also contains the GSOD data (1982-2011) from NOAA site, contains station number, location, temperature and pressures (sea level and station level). The data package also contains information related to the data processing methods

  10. ODU Researcher Visits JLab to Talk About Living in the Arctic (Daily Press)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F

  11. EIA - Daily Report 10/21/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    As of October 21, the Louisiana Office of Conservation has received reports indicating 876.3 million cubic feet per day (MMcfd) of onshore and offshore (in State waters only) ...

  12. EIA - Daily Report 10/18/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Natural Gas In an attempt to assess the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on oil and gas production, the Louisiana Office of Conservation is addressing the operating status of ...

  13. EIA - Daily Report 10/14/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    In an attempt to assess the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on oil and gas production, the Louisiana Office of Conservation is addressing the operating status of producing ...

  14. EIA - Daily Report 10/24/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    As of October 24, the Louisiana Office of Conservation has received reports indicating 885 million cubic feet per day (MMcfd) of onshore and offshore (in State waters only) ...

  15. EIA - Daily Report 10/17/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    In an attempt to assess the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on oil and gas production, the Louisiana Office of Conservation is addressing the operating status of producing ...

  16. EIA - Daily Report 10/28/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    The Louisiana Office of Conservation is addressing the operating status of producing wells in a thirty-eight (38) parish region for information. As of October 28, the Office has ...

  17. EIA - Daily Report 10/19/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Natural Gas As of October 19, the Louisiana Office of Conservation has received reports indicating 805 million cubic feet per day (MMcfd) of onshore and offshore (in State waters ...

  18. EIA - Daily Report 9/30/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Natural Gas In an attempt to assess the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on oil and gas production, the Louisiana Office of Conservation is in the process of contacting 396 ...

  19. EIA - Daily Report 10/4/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Natural Gas In an attempt to assess the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on oil and gas production, the Louisiana Office of Conservation is in the process of contacting 396 ...

  20. EIA - Daily Report 10/3/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Natural Gas In an attempt to assess the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on oil and gas production, the Louisiana Office of Conservation is in the process of contacting 396 ...

  1. EIA - Daily Report 10/20/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    As of October 20, the Louisiana Office of Conservation has received reports indicating 874.7 million cubic feet per day (MMcfd) of onshore and offshore (in State waters only) ...

  2. Daily/Hourly Hydrosystem Operation : How the Columbia River System Responds to Short-Term Needs.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Columbia River System Operation Review

    1994-02-01

    The System Operation Review, being conducted by the Bonneville Power Administration, the US Army Corps of Engineers, and the US Bureau of Reclamation, is analyzing current and potential future operations of the Columbia River System. One goal of the System Operations Review is to develop a new System Operation Strategy. The strategy will be designed to balance the many regionally and nationally important uses of the Columbia River system. Short-term operations address the dynamics that affect the Northwest hydro system and its multiple uses. Demands for electrical power and natural streamflows change constantly and thus are not precisely predictable. Other uses of the hydro system have constantly changing needs, too, many of which can interfere with other uses. Project operators must address various river needs, physical limitations, weather, and streamflow conditions while maintaining the stability of the electric system and keeping your lights on. It takes staffing around the clock to manage the hour-to-hour changes that occur and the challenges that face project operators all the time.

  3. EIA - Daily Report 10/6/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Please consult the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's Situation ... Rita on oil andthe Louisiana Office of Conservation is addressing the operating status of ...

  4. EIA - Daily Report 10/25/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's Situation Report for ... As of October 25, the Louisiana Office of Conservation has received reports indicating 889 ...

  5. EIA - Daily Report 10/13/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas In an attempt to assess the effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on oil and gas production, the Louisiana Office of Conservation is addressing the operating status of ...

  6. EIA - Daily Report 10/27/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's Situation Report for ... The Louisiana Office of Conservation is addressing the operating status of producing wells ...

  7. EIA - Daily Report 9/28/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil &...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Natural Gas Texas Eastern announced that the company would restore mainline capacity to ... However, several Gulf Coast compressor stations are on emergency backup generators as ...

  8. Northwest Arctic Sustainable Energy Projects

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... each Water-sewer plant to off-set energy usage. * Yearly electricity offset per array ... Performance Community installed size Kw MWh Kwh lb Gallon installed Kwhday Since ...

  9. Marginal Energy Prices - RECS97 Update

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Table 1. Marginal Residential Electricity Prices - RECS97 Electricity - RECS97 Prices (kWh, in 1997) (Weighted Mean) % Difference between Marginal Price and Average Price ...

  10. Upgrading the UES Measure List

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    "Present Value of Region Act's 10% Conservation Credit (kWh)" * Sequence of columns (reading left to right) does not follow logical thinking What We Propose * Improve...

  11. EERE Success Story-Data Access and Analytics Improve Solar Valuation...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    KWh Analytics' approach to solar is simple: use big data analytics to help investors understand the perceived technical and financial risks associated with solar. When banks and ...

  12. PPL Electric Utilities - Custom Energy Efficiency Program | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0.08 per projected first year kWh savings Summary Prospective applicants should contact their PPL Electric Utilities Key Account Manager before beginning any project. If...

  13. TVA - Mid-Sized Renewable Standard Offer Program | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    kWh Summary The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) now compliments the small generation Green Power Providers Program by providing incentives for mid-sized renewable energy...

  14. Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Administrator Rocky Mountain Power Website http:www.rockymountainpower.netbusseepiwyomingnfmref.html State Wyoming Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.15kWh...

  15. Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Administrator Rocky Mountain Power Website http:www.rockymountainpower.netbusseepiutahnfmref.html State Utah Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.12kWh annual...

  16. Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Administrator Rocky Mountain Power Website http:www.rockymountainpower.netbusseepiidahonfmref.html State Idaho Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.12kWh...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Boilers, Heat Pumps, Programmable Thermostats, Other EE Orcas Power & Light- MORE Green Power Program Incentive payments will be paid per kilowatt hour (kWh) of production,...

  18. Untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Introduction The 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) was the first to permit the estimation of annual kilowatthours (kWh) used for lighting. The survey contained more...

  19. Property:Incentive/QuantNotes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    kWh if offsetting electric water heater or 60 therms if the offsetting natural gas or propane. California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program (California) + This program...

  20. Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    saved Interior Lighting: 0.08kwh annual energy savings LED Fixture (Exterior): 100 Induction Fixture (Exterior): 125 Lighting Control (Exterior): 70 Air Conditioners and Heat...

  1. Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Only Interior Lighting: 0.08kwh annual energy savings LED Fixture (Exterior): 100 Induction Fixture (Exterior): 125 CFL Wallpack (Exterior): 30 Lighting Control (Exterior):...

  2. Key Concepts in Project Development and Financing in Alaska

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ...kWh * Calculates present value of the total cost of - ... - Different capital cost - Risk, return, and capacities ... and either production tax credit (PTC) or income tax credit ...

  3. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    5. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  4. Council of Athabascan Tribal Governments - Wood Energy Program...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - Diesel Biomass - Wood diesel hybrid power plant CHP - still dreaming for 200-700 Kwh technology Wood Harvest Company * Harvests wood from GZ lands summer and winter - start ...

  5. ETATP13AppA.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Page of DATE TIME CONNECT DISCONNECT SOC READING VEHICLE ODOMETER BATTERY TEMP. kWh METER READING COMMENTS INITIALS 1999 E lectric T ransportation A pplications All ...

  6. Shared Solar Programs: Opportunities and Challenges

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Council (IREC) 2 Shared solar- expands consumer access to solar energy - Participants own or lease panels, or purchase kWh blocks of generation - Participants directly ...

  7. Microsoft Word - Future Power Systems 20 - The Smart Enterprise...

    Energy Savers

    burn which costs more in fuel and emissions per kWh. ... will determine the shape of the price curve. ... base profile and apply forecast cardinal point weather ...

  8. Renaissance in Flow-Cell Technologies: Recent Advancements and Future Opportunities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Renaissance in Flow-Cell Technologies Recent Advancements and Future Opportunities Mike Perry Project Leader, Electrochemical Systems United Technologies Research Center ec c es UTC Proprietary Grand Challenges in Electrical Energy Storage (EES) SCALE & COST: Want to go from Wh to kWh to MWh...  El tri Vehicl  Grid-Scale $100/kWh GRIDS Program Target  Portable Devices > $500/kWh  Electric Vehicles $250/kWh BEEST Program Target Wh UTC Proprietary Batteries are currently < 1%

  9. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    0A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  10. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    9A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  11. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    2A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  12. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    8A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  13. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    5A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    mills per kWh) and applied only to... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial, Investor-Owned Utility, Municipal Utilities, Residential, Cooperative Utilities, Institutional Savings...

  15. Alaska Strategic Energy Plan and Planning Handbook

    Energy Savers

    ... Electric usage (annual, kWh) Heating fuel usage (annual, gallons) Other information Teacher Housing HUD or Housing Authority Housing Owner Built Renewable Energy Sources Readily ...

  16. SAND2010-5782C

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... so their usage should not unduly affect the predictions from the simulation. ... The histogram displays counts of inverter-arrays in categories of annual kWh energy ...

  17. Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Early Release: Annotated Summary of...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    What level of cooperation w other states? To whom to allocate CO2 allowances? General impact vs. Reference Avg retail electricity price impact per yr vs No CPP 2022-2040 Reference ...

  18. ARM - Datastreams - amc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    V battvoltmin ( time ) Average bulk soil electrical conductivity sensor 1 dSm ec1 ( time ) Average bulk soil electrical conductivity sensor 1 dSm ec1avg ( time ) ...

  19. MONTICELLO NPL SITES

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... 37" 54' 00" N LONG: 109" 18' 00" w TEMPERATURE (oF)' RAIN (in), WIND SPEED (mph) HEAT COOL AVG MEAN DEG DEG WIND DOM DAY TEMP HIGH TIME LOW TIME DAYS DAYS RAIN SPEED HIGH TIME ...

  20. MONTICELLO NPL SITES

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... WWD SPEED (mph) HEAT COOL AVG MEAN DEG DEG WIND DOM DAY 'rEMP HIGH TIME LOW TIME DAYS DAYS ... 18' 00 11 w TEMPERATURE ( *n. RAIN (in), WIND SPEED (mph) HEAT COOL VG MEAN DEG DEc; ...

  1. EV Everywhere Framing Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    on oil Transportation sector depends on oil Petroleum 94% Natural Gas < 1% Biofuels 5% U.S. Transportation Fuel Share Gasoline prices are high Current Avg. 3.53 (as of June ...

  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Receptorssensors correlator data processor supercomputer European distribution point 200km, avg. 1000 km 25,000 km (Perth to London via USA) or 13,000 km (South Africa to ...

  3. Development of Non-PGM Catalysts for Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    period BarriersTargets (DOE Technical Plan 2020): * Electrical and overall CHP efficiency: >45% and 90%, respectively * Equipment cost (5kW system): 1,500kW avg * ...

  4. U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 - Avg VMT by Efficiency","Table A13. U.S. Average Vehicle-Miles Traveled by Vehicle Fuel Economy Category, 2001 (Thousand Miles per Vehicle) " "Std Errors for A13","Relative...

  5. Rob Andrews Joshua Pearce, Andrew Pollard Queen's University...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Results 10 20 40 60 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Panel Angle( o ) Avg time required to clear ... M. Pearce, The effects of snowfall on solar photovoltaic performance, Solar Energy, ...

  6. Appliance and Equipment Standards Program: An Overview of the...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Program Goals Flow Diagram Reduce average EUI in all buildings by 30% by 2030 from 2010 ... Product test results Reduce avg. EUI in all bldgs. 30% by 2030 Ensure reliable test ...

  7. Sample Format Natural Gas Exports by Pipeline Monthly Sales and...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Destination Country Point of EXIT from U.S. Volume (Mcf at U.S. Border) Avg. Price at U.S. Border (U.S.MMBtu) Supplier(s) Foreign Transporter U.S....

  8. Building America January 2015 Webinar: Multifamily Central Heat...

    Energy Savers

    sensor placement - Non-optimal setpoints * 140F heat ... of power and capacity to outdoor dry bulb and entering water temperature. Monitored data: Avg. inlet 125.4 F, Flow rate ...

  9. sensors | netl.doe.gov

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Note: Analysis based on 2011 coal costs and 2011 coal-fired power plant fleet 1Source: Outage Data - NERC GADS Database 91912 Accessed 1913; 55.07 Avg. Wholesale Price Data - ...

  10. Results of the Boeing/DOE DECC Phase 1 stirling engine project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STONE,KENNETH W.; CLARK,TERRY; NELVING,HANS; DIVER JR.,RICHARD B.

    2000-03-02

    Phase I of Boeing Company/DOE Dish Engine Critical Component (DECC) Project started in April of 1998 and was completed in 1999. The Phase I objectives, schedule, and test results are presented in this paper. These data shows the power, energy, and mirror performance are comparable to that when the hardware was first manufactured 15 years ago. During the Phase I and initial Phase II test period the on-sun system accumulated over 3,800 hours of solar-powered operating time, accumulated over 4,500 hours of concentrator solar tracking time, and generated over 50,000 kWh of grid-compatible electrical energy. The data also shows that the system was available 95 {percent} of the time when the sun's insolation level was above approximately 300 w/m{sup 2}, and achieved a daily energy efficiency between 20{percent} and 26{percent}. A second concentrator was refurbished during Phase I and accumulated over 2,200 hours of solar track time. A second Stirling engine operated 24 hours a day in a test cell in Sweden and accumulated over 6,000 test hours. Discussion of daily operation shows no major problems encountered during the testing that would prevent commercialization of the technology. Further analysis of the test data shows that system servicing with hydrogen, coolant and lubricating oil should not be a major O and M cost.

  11. Hidden benefits of electric vehicles for addressing climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Canbing; Cao, Yijia; Zhang, Mi; Wang, Jianhui; Liu, Jianguo; Shi, Haiqing; Geng, Yinghui

    2015-03-19

    There is an increasingly hot debate on whether the replacement of conventional vehicles (CVs) by electric vehicles (EVs) should be delayed or accelerated since EVs require higher cost and cause more pollution than CVs in the manufacturing process. Here we reveal two hidden benefits of EVs for addressing climate change to support the imperative acceleration of replacing CVs with EVs. As EVs emit much less heat than CVs within the same mileage, the replacement can mitigate urban heat island effect (UHIE) to reduce the energy consumption of air conditioners, benefitting local and global climates. To demonstrate these effects brought by the replacement of CVs by EVs, we take Beijing, China, as an example. EVs emit only 19.8% of the total heat emitted by CVs per mile. The replacement of CVs by EVs in 2012 could have mitigated the summer heat island intensity (HII) by about 0.94°C, reduced the amount of electricity consumed daily by air conditioners in buildings by 14.44 million kilowatt-hours (kWh), and reduced daily CO₂ emissions by 10,686 tonnes.

  12. Hidden benefits of electric vehicles for addressing climate change

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Li, Canbing; Cao, Yijia; Zhang, Mi; Wang, Jianhui; Liu, Jianguo; Shi, Haiqing; Geng, Yinghui

    2015-03-19

    There is an increasingly hot debate on whether the replacement of conventional vehicles (CVs) by electric vehicles (EVs) should be delayed or accelerated since EVs require higher cost and cause more pollution than CVs in the manufacturing process. Here we reveal two hidden benefits of EVs for addressing climate change to support the imperative acceleration of replacing CVs with EVs. As EVs emit much less heat than CVs within the same mileage, the replacement can mitigate urban heat island effect (UHIE) to reduce the energy consumption of air conditioners, benefitting local and global climates. To demonstrate these effects brought bymore » the replacement of CVs by EVs, we take Beijing, China, as an example. EVs emit only 19.8% of the total heat emitted by CVs per mile. The replacement of CVs by EVs in 2012 could have mitigated the summer heat island intensity (HII) by about 0.94°C, reduced the amount of electricity consumed daily by air conditioners in buildings by 14.44 million kilowatt-hours (kWh), and reduced daily CO₂ emissions by 10,686 tonnes.« less

  13. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Bonaire; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Bonaire, a special municipality of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela. Bonaire’s utility rates are approximately $0.35 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), above the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  14. Project Profile: Maintenance-Free Stirling Engine for High-Performance Dish CSP

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Infinia, under the CSP R&D FOA, is developing a 30 kW CSP system that utilizes a multi-cylinder, free-piston Stirling engine to achieve the goal LCOE of $0.07–$0.10/kWh by 2015 and $0.05–$0.07/kWh by 2020.

  15. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Barbados; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Barbados, an independent nation in the Lesser Antilles island chain in the eastern Caribbean. Barbados’ electricity rates are approximately $0.28 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  16. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Curacao; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Curacao, an autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela. Curacao’s utility rates are approximately $0.26 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  17. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Trinidad and Tobago; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-20

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Trinidad and Tobago, a two-island nation located off the coast of Venezuela. Trinidad and Tobago’s electricity rates are some of the lowest in the Caribbean at approximately $0.04 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), well below the regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  18. SunShot Initiative Mission | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    energy systems to .06 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) by 2020. Today, SunShot is about 70% of ... Since SunShot's launch in 2011, the average price per kWh of a utility-scale photovoltaic ...

  19. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2014: TC Legend Homes,...

    Energy Savers

    ... PV 1,002, with PV 2,326 * Annual Energy Savings: without PV Electric (kWh) 15,367, with PV 25,067 kWh DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME TC Legend Homes 2 the slab, while a ...

  20. DOE FACT SHEET: CLIMATE ACTION CHAMPION TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Current Use In 2014-2015, the current energy use across the portfolio was 4,300,000 kWh of electricity and 123,000 therms of natural gas, for a total of 7,917,500 kWh annually. ...

  1. Energy Efficiency through Lighting Upgrades

    Energy Savers

    or 856.18month Monthly kWh Usage Ada East Gaming Center 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 Aug Sep Oct Nov Month Kilowatt Hours (kWh) 2008 2007 Ada Gaming Center ...

  2. UESC Welcoming Remarks

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    that reduce kW and kWh across the greater Houston area. In 2014 our EE programs: Achieved a reduction of 159,000 kW (159 MW) and 15,316,300 kWh (153,316 MWH) across all ...

  3. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2014: Clifton View Homes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... without PV 1,409, with PV 2,161 * Annual Energy Savings: without PV 12,259 kWh, with PV 19,459 kWh DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME Clifton View Homes 2 as a consequence of teaching ...

  4. Energy Efficiency UPgrades for Sanitation Facilities in Selawik...

    Energy Savers

    Energy Use & Costs l Electricity * FY 2010 91,559 * Total 337,829 kWh * Average 0.271kWh l Fuel * FY 2010 38,902 * Total 10,514 gal * Average 3.70gal l Heat ...

  5. Funding Opportunity: Geothermal Technologies Program Seeks Technologies to Reduce Levelized Cost of Electricity for Hydrothermal Development and EGS

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Geothermal Technologies Program seeks non-prime mover technologies that have the potential to contribute to reducing the levelized cost of electricity from new hydrothermal development to 6¢/ kWh by 2020 and Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) to 6¢/ kWh by 2030.

  6. Alternative Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Gasoline ICEV H2 FCV TOTAL Fuel cell @ 30kW and H2 storage @ 10kWh by 2025) A Partial Success Case was also studied (FC @ 50kW and H2 storage @ 15kWh) 8 CASE 2: ICEV ...

  7. EV Everywhre Grand Challenge - Battery Status and Cost Reduction...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    range * HEV: 32 mpg 300 miles * 16 kWh 120 kW battery * Battery Cost: 8,000 Nissan Leaf * 75 mile electric range * 24 kWh 80 kW battery * Battery Cost: 12,000 EV ...

  8. U.S. Battery R&D Progress and Plans

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Targets 400Whkg 600Whl 5,000 cycles 125kWh 250 Whkg 400 Whl 2,000 Wkg 3 - ... R&D Progress Plug-In Battery Cost (per kWh of Useable Energy) 1,000 - 1,200 700 - ...

  9. Project Profile: Maintenance-Free Stirling Engine for High-Performance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    free-piston Stirling engine to achieve the goal LCOE of 0.07-0.10kWh by 2015 and 0.05-0.07kWh by 2020. Approach Infinia is taking a three-phased approach to creating an ...

  10. NREL: Technology Deployment - Field Demonstrations of Energy...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    heads-showed promising cost and energy savings, with an estimated annual savings of 4,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) in air-conditioning use and 1,400 kWh in water heating use per home. ...

  11. EIA - Daily Report 10/12/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Markets 2, 4:00 pm Shut-in Status Date Shut-in Oil (bbl/d) % of Total Federal GOM Shut-in Gas (mmcf/d) % of Total Federal GOM 10/12/2005 1,046,462 66.4% 5,919 58.6% 10/11/2005 1,062,530 67.4% 6,042 59.8% 10/7/2005 1,162,913 73.8% 6,441 63.8% 10/6/2005 1,202,364 76.3% 6,628 65.6% 10/5/2005 1,299,928 82.5% 6,895 68.3% 10/4/2005 1,349,617 85.6% 7,170 71.0% 10/3/2005 1,391,926 88.3% 7,495 74.2% 9/30/2005 1,467,577 93.1% 7,941 78.6% 9/29/2005 1,478,780 93.8% 7,980 79.0% 9/28/2005 1,511,715

  12. EIA - Daily Report 9/20/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Markets 0, 3:00 pm Shut-in Status Date Shut-in Oil (bbl/d) % of Total Federal GOM Shut-in Gas (mmcf/d) % of Total Federal GOM 9/20/2005 877,275 56.2% 3,482 33.5% 9/19/2005 837,648 53.6% 3,375 32.5% 9/16/2005 840,921 53.8% 3,384 32.5% 9/15/2005 842,091 53.9% 3,411 32.8% 9/14/2005 843,725 54.0% 3,518 33.8% 9/13/2005 846,720 54.2% 3,720 35.8% 9/12/2005 860,636 55.1% 3,784 36.4% source: Minerals Management Service graph of shut-in oil & natural gas production comparison of hurricanes

  13. EIA - Daily Report 9/22/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Markets 2, 3:00 pm Shut-in Status Date Shut-in Oil (bbl/d) % of Total Federal GOM Shut-in Gas (mmcf/d) % of Total Federal GOM 9/22/2005 1,379,000 88.3% 6,595 63.4% 9/21/2005 1,097,357 70.2% 4,713 45.3% 9/20/2005 877,275 56.2% 3,482 33.5% 9/19/2005 837,648 53.6% 3,375 32.5% 9/16/2005 840,921 53.8% 3,384 32.5% 9/15/2005 842,091 53.9% 3,411 32.8% 9/14/2005 843,725 54.0% 3,518 33.8% source: Minerals Management Service graph of shut-in oil & natural gas production comparison of

  14. EIA - Daily Report 9/22/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Markets 23, 5:00 pm Shut-in Status Date Shut-in Oil (bbl/d) % of Total Federal GOM Shut-in Natural Gas (mmcf/d) % of Total Federal GOM 9/23/2005 1,486,877 95.2% 7,204 69.3% 9/22/2005 1,379,000 88.3% 6,595 63.4% 9/21/2005 1,097,357 70.2% 4,713 45.3% 9/20/2005 877,275 56.2% 3,482 33.5% 9/19/2005 837,648 53.6% 3,375 32.5% 9/16/2005 840,921 53.8% 3,384 32.5% 9/15/2005 842,091 53.9% 3,411 32.8% source: Minerals Management Service graph of shut-in oil & natural gas production comparison

  15. EIA - Daily Report 9/26/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Markets September 26, 3:00 pm Shut-in Status Date Shut-in Oil (bbl/d) % of Total Federal GOM Shut-in Gas (mmcf/d) % of Total Federal GOM 9/26/2005 1,527,630 97.8% 7,843 75.4% 9/25/2005 1,501,863 96.2% 8,047 77.4% 9/24/2005 1,500,898 96.1% 7,488 72.0% 9/23/2005 1,486,877 95.2% 7,204 69.3% 9/22/2005 1,379,000 88.3% 6,595 63.4% 9/21/2005 1,097,357 70.2% 4,713 45.3% 9/20/2005 877,275 56.2% 3,482 33.5% source: Minerals Management Service graph of shut-in oil & natural gas production

  16. Parametric time series analysis of cold and hot spells in daily temperature: An application in Southern Italy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macchiato, M. ); Serio, C. ); Lapenna, V. ); Rotonda, L.La. )

    1993-07-01

    The statistical analysis of cold air temperatures (cold spells) and hot air temperatures (hot spells) is discussed. Air temperature time series observed at 50 stations in southern Italy are investigated. The deterministic and stochastic components of the time series are identified and described by a dynamic-stochastic model that is periodic in the deterministic part (the annual cycle) and Markovian (first-order autoregressive) in the stochastic part. The annual cycle is described by only a few Fourier coefficients. Based on the model fitted to the data, the theoretical probability of cold (hot) spells is computed and compared to that estimated from the observed data. Spatial patterns of identified that make it possible to extrapolate the probability of cold (hot) spells at locations where no direct observations are available. 19 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  17. Feeding Activity, Rate of Consumption, Daily Ration and Prey Selection of Major Predators in John Day Reservoir, 1984 : Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, Gerard A.; United States. Bonneville Power Administration; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; National Fishery Research Center

    1986-07-01

    The extent of predation on juvenile salmonids in John Day Reservoir was determined. Salmonids were the single most important food item by weight for northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) in the restricted zones at McNary tailrace and John Day forebay during all sampling periods. Salmonids accounted for 18.1% of the weight in the diet of walleyes (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum) in 1984 which was at least twice that found in previous years. In smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui) salmonids contributed little to their diet whereas for channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fish accounted for 64.1% of the weight in their diet with salmonids responsible for approximately half of this weight. An intensive search of the fisheries literature was conducted to review various fish capture and control techniques which might have potential as predation control measures for the major predators of juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River system. Most prey protection measures were judged to have high potential and direct predator control measures were judged to have moderate or low potential.

  18. Applications of cogeneration with thermal energy storage technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaram, S.; Katipamula, S.; Williams, H.R.

    1995-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) leads the U.S. Department of Energy`s Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Program. The program focuses on developing TES for daily cycling (diurnal storage), annual cycling (seasonal storage), and utility-scale applications [utility thermal energy storage (UTES)]. Several of these storage technologies can be used in a new or an existing power generation facility to increase its efficiency and promote the use of the TES technology within the utility and the industrial sectors. The UTES project has included a study of both heat storage and cool storage systems for different utility-scale applications. The study reported here has shown that an oil/rock diurnal TES system, when integrated with a simple gas turbine cogeneration system, can produce on-peak power for $0.045 to $0.06 /kWh, while supplying a 24-hour process steam load. The molten salt storage system was found to be less suitable for simple as well as combined-cycle cogeneration applications. However, certain advanced TES concepts and storage media could substantially improve the performance and economic benefits. In related study of a chill TES system was evaluated for precooling gas turbine inlet air, which showed that an ice storage system could be used to effectively increase the peak generating capacity of gas turbines when operating in hot ambient conditions.

  19. Transportation Electrification Load Development For A Renewable Future Analysis: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, T.; Mai, T.; Kintner-Meyer, M.

    2010-12-01

    The transition to electricity as a transportation fuel will create a new load for electricity generation. A set of regional hourly load profiles for electrified vehicles was developed for the 2010 to 2050 timeframe. The transportation electrical energy was determined using regional population forecast data, historical vehicle per capita data, and market penetration growth functions to determine the number of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) in each analysis region. Market saturation scenarios of 30% and 50% of sales of PEVs consuming on average approx. 6 kWh per day were considered. PEV aggregate load profiles from previous work were combined with vehicle population data to generate hourly loads on a regional basis. A transition from consumer-controlled charging toward utility-controlled charging was assumed such that by 2050 approximately 45% of the transportation energy demands could be delivered across four daily time slices under optimal control from the utility?s perspective. This electrified transportation analysis resulted in an estimate for both the flexible load and fixed load shapes on a regional basis that may evolve under two PEV market penetration scenarios.

  20. A reliability and availability sensitivity study of a large photovoltaic system.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Joshua S.; Granata, Jennifer E.; Mundt, Michael Joseph; Miller, Steven P.; Quintana, Michael A.; Collins, Elmer W.; Sorensen, Neil Robert

    2010-08-01

    A reliability and availability model has been developed for a portion of the 4.6 megawatt (MWdc) photovoltaic system operated by Tucson Electric Power (TEP) at Springerville, Arizona using a commercially available software tool, GoldSim{trademark}. This reliability model has been populated with life distributions and repair distributions derived from data accumulated during five years of operation of this system. This reliability and availability model was incorporated into another model that simulated daily and seasonal solar irradiance and photovoltaic module performance. The resulting combined model allows prediction of kilowatt hour (kWh) energy output of the system based on availability of components of the system, solar irradiance, and module and inverter performance. This model was then used to study the sensitivity of energy output as a function of photovoltaic (PV) module degradation at different rates and the effect of location (solar irradiance). Plots of cumulative energy output versus time for a 30 year period are provided for each of these cases.

  1. Recent progress on Exxon's circulating zinc bromine battery system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellows, R.J.

    1981-01-01

    The design, performance, and factory cost of Exxon's circulating zinc bromine batteries are described. The Exxon system has demonstrated stable performance in scale-ups to 3- and 10-kWh sub-modules. Cost studies based on recently demonstrated extrusion and injection molding techniques, have shown that this battery, with plastic electrodes, bipolar stacks, Br/sub 2/ complexation, and circulating electrolytes, could be produced (20 kWh units, 100,000 units/year) at a factory cost of $28/kWh (excluding R.O.I., and various indirect overheads).

  2. Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    cents per kWh - Without New Dams | Department of Energy Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams November 4, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced up to $30.6 million in Recovery Act funding for the selection of seven hydropower projects that modernize hydropower

  3. Fort Mojave Tribe - Feasibility Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Feasibility Study Bill Cyr AHA MACAV POWER SERVICE Russell Gum ERCC Analytics QuickTime(tm) and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Bottom Line * Biodigester for Dairy * 10 MW wind farm * Concentrated Solar 1.5 MW modules * 200kw at 6 cents per kwh until the loan is paid off, essentially free power for the remaining life of the project. * 3.2 mw at 9 cents per kwh until the loan is paid off in 15 years and 2 cents per kwh for the remaining life of the project *

  4. Optimal Sizing of Energy Storage and Photovoltaic Power Systems for Demand Charge Mitigation (Poster), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    FUTURE WORK CONCLUSIONS 50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 00.0% Facility 1 Facility 2 Facility 3 Facility 4 Facility 5 $100/kW, $100/kWh $300/kW, $100/kWh $300/kW, $300/kWh This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confi dential, or otherwise restricted information NREL/PO-5400-60291 * This activity is funded by the DOE Vehicle Technologies Offi ce, Energy Storage Technology * We appreciate the support provided by DOE program managers - David Howell - Brian Cunningham * Technical questions

  5. International Energy Outlook 2016-Electricity - Energy Information

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Administration 5. Electricity print version Overview In the International Energy Outlook 2016 (IEO2016) Reference case, world net electricity generation increases 69% by 2040, from 21.6 trillion kilowatthours (kWh) in 2012 to 25.8 trillion kWh in 2020 and 36.5 trillion kWh in 2040. Electricity is the world's fastest-growing form of end-use energy consumption, as it has been for many decades. Power systems have continued to evolve from isolated, small grids to integrated national markets and

  6. Chapter 5 - Electricity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | International Energy Outlook 2016 Chapter 5 Electricity Overview In the International Energy Outlook 2016 (IEO2016) Reference case, world net electricity generation increases 69% by 2040, from 21.6 trillion kilowatthours (kWh) in 2012 to 25.8 trillion kWh in 2020 and 36.5 trillion kWh in 2040. Electricity is the world's fastest-growing form of end-use energy consumption, as it has been for many decades. Power systems have continued to evolve from

  7. Chapter 5 - Individuals and Agencies Contacted

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration | International Energy Outlook 2016 Chapter 5 Electricity Overview In the International Energy Outlook 2016 (IEO2016) Reference case, world net electricity generation increases 69% by 2040, from 21.6 trillion kilowatthours (kWh) in 2012 to 25.8 trillion kWh in 2020 and 36.5 trillion kWh in 2040. Electricity is the world's fastest-growing form of end-use energy consumption, as it has been for many decades. Power systems have continued to evolve from

  8. Multnomah County Hydrokinetic Feasibility Study: Final Feasibility Study Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spain, Stephen

    2012-03-15

    HDR has completed a study of the technical, regulatory, and economic feasibility of installing hydrokinetic turbines under the Morrison, Broadway, and Sellwood bridges. The primary objective of installing hydrokinetic turbines is a demonstration of in-stream hydrokinetic technologies for public education and outreach. Due to the low gradient of the Lower Willamette and the effects of the tide, velocities in the area in consideration are simply not high enough to economically support a commercial installation. While the velocities in the river may at times provide enough energy for a commercial turbine to reach capacity, the frequency and duration of high flow events which provide suitable velocities is not sufficient to support a commercial hydrokinetic installation. We have observed that over an 11 year period, daily average velocities in the Lower Willamette exceeded a nominal cut-in speed of 0.75 m/s only 20% of the time, leaving net zero power production for the remaining 80% of days. The Sellwood Bridge site was estimated to have the best hydrokinetic resource, with an estimated average annual production of about 9,000 kWh. The estimated production could range from 2,500 kWh to 15,000 kWh. Based on these energy estimates, the amount of revenue generated through either a power purchase agreement (PPA) or recovered through net metering is not sufficient to repay the project costs within the life of the turbine. The hydrokinetic resource at the Morrison and Broadway Bridges is slightly smaller than at the Sellwood Bridge. While the Broadway and Morrison Bridges have existing infrastructure that could be utilized, the project is not expected to generate enough revenue to repay the investment. Despite low velocities and energy production, the sites themselves are favorable for installation of a demonstration or experimental project. With high public interest in renewable energy, the possibility exists to develop a hydrokinetic test site which could provide

  9. win0203SelUpdates.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    November 2002 Short-Term Energy Outlook Figure WF1. U.S. Winter Natural Gas Demand (Year-to-Year Percent Change) Table WF1. Illustrative Consumer Prices and Expenditures for Heating Fuels During the Winter 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Actual Actual Actual Base Forecast Natural Gas (Midwest) Consumption (mcf) 81.7 99.1 81.3 92.5 Avg. Price ($/mcf) 6.69 9.54 7.34 8.06 Expenditures ($) 546 945 597 746 Heating Oil (Northeast) Consumption (gals) 644 731 584 703 Avg. Price ($/gal) 1.16 1.37

  10. win0203SelUpdates.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    December 2002 Short-Term Energy Outlook Figure WF1. U.S. Winter Natural Gas Demand (Year-to-Year Percent Change) Table WF1. Illustrative Consumer Prices and Expenditures for Heating Fuels During the Winter 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Actual Actual Actual Base Forecast Natural Gas (Midwest) Consumption (mcf) 81.7 99.1 81.3 93.1 Avg. Price ($/mcf) 6.69 9.54 7.34 8.38 Expenditures ($) 546 945 597 780 Heating Oil (Northeast) Consumption (gals) 644 731 584 716 Avg. Price ($/gal) 1.16 1.37

  11. Radiant flash pyrolysis of biomass using a xenon flashtube

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopkins, M.W.; Antal, M.J. Jr.

    1984-06-01

    Biomass materials, including lignin, redwood, corn cob, Calotropis Procera, Leucaena wood, Kraft paper, newsprint, cow manure, D-glucose, and D-cellobiose, were pyrolyzed in vacuum by the visible radiant flux emitted from a Xenon flashtube. The flux density exceeded 8 kW/cm/sup 2/ during the 1 ms flash. Sirup yields were low (avg 25%), while the gas yield was high (avg 32%). The gaseous products were composed primarily of CO and CO/sub 2/. The high relative yields of CO establish the existence of a high temperature fragmentation pathway active during the flash pyrolysis of all biomass materials. 39 references, 2 figures, 5 tables.

  12. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.10 Hotels/Motels

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    2 Lodging Industy, Sales and Occupancy Rates Year Sales ($2010 billion) Avg. Occupancy Rate Avg. Room Rate ($2010) 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Note(s): Source(s): 1) Based on properties with 15 or more rooms The American Hotel & Lodging Association, 2002 Lodging Industy Profile, p. 2-3; The American Hotel & Lodging Association, 2003 Lodging Industy Profile, p. 2-3, 2002; The American Hotel & Lodging Association, 2004 Lodging Industy Profile, p. 2-4, 2004; The

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Estimate If the customer has a ratio of estimated monthly kilowatt-hour (kWh) usage to line extension mileage that is less than or equal to...

  14. Onondaga County Department of Water Environment Protection: Process Optimization Saves Energy at Metropolitan Syracuse Wastewater Treatment Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-12-01

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Onondaga County, New York, is saving nearly 3 million kWh and 270 million Btu annually at a wastewater treatment plant after replacing inefficient motors and upgrading pumps.

  15. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    cut its energy use by about 19 percent, or 2.5 million kWh a year. JD Hisey, the plant's continuous improvement manager, says Energy Smart Industrial did more than just cut...

  16. Consumers Energy Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    0.0833kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Consumers Energy Co (Michigan). Scroll leftright to see all of the table values. Month RES REV...

  17. DLA Energy RFP - Deadline: August 19, 2013 - 12:00pm EST | OpenEI...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    picture Submitted by Jim.leyshon(5) Member 15 August, 2013 - 12:14 DLA Energy RFP (Sol. SPE600-13-R-0410) seeking 898,504,000 kWh of renewable energy certificates for...

  18. Blue-Dam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2015, BPA will pay 0.025 per kWh of busbar energy savings. Rationale: The previous language was confusing and leftover from when the measure was a custom project. Effective...

  19. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    areas of a particular place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http:...

  20. Property:PotentialRooftopPVGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    PV for a particular place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http:...

  1. Property:PotentialHydropowerGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    for a particular place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http:...

  2. Property:PotentialOnshoreWindGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    onshore wind in a place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http:...

  3. Property:PotentialBiopowerSolidGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    for a particular place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http:...

  4. Property:PotentialCSPGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    CSP for a particular place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http:...

  5. Released: September, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    E6. Electricity Consumption (kWh) Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Electricity Energy Intensity (kWhsquare foot)" ,"Total ","Space Heat- ing","Cool-...

  6. Released: September, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    A. Electricity Consumption (kWh) Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Electricity Energy Intensity (kWhsquare foot)" ,"Total ","Space Heat- ing","Cool- ing","Venti-...

  7. Building Retrofit and DSM Study in Jiangsu | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    (data?) EPP (?) allocates 35 million in government incentives (verify) Results: reduced electricity consumption by 2 billion KWh annually; 1.84 MM tons CO2e verify Future If...

  8. Trends in Workplace Charging

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    *Based on Energy Charges Only using an average annual electricity consumption for a U.S. residential utility customer of 11,496 kWh (EIA http:www.eia.gov). (WASHINGTON, ...

  9. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CustomOthers pending approval, Wind (Small), Hydroelectric (Small) Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178...

  10. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cells using Renewable Fuels, Other Distributed Generation Technologies Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178...

  11. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    specific technologies not identified, Wind (Small), Anaerobic Digestion Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    not identified, Wind (Small), Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178...

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    by a surcharge on electric and gas customers' bills. Initially, the surcharge was was set at 0.0023 per kilowatt-hour (2.3 mills per kWh) and applied only to... Eligibility:...

  14. AEP (SWEPCO) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    CLEAResult Consulting Website http:www.swepcogridsmart.comtexashomes-overview.html State Texas Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Standard: 280kW, 0.09kWh...

  15. TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Power Providers program contract term is 20 years. For years 1-10, TVA will purchase 100% of the output from qualifying systems at a premium of 0.02** per kilowatt-hour (kWh)...

  16. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Residential Central Air Conditioners...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... year. Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities throughout the United States. ...

  17. Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... The annual energy cost is calculated using the annual energy use and an assumed electricity price of 0.09 per kWh, the average electricity price at federal facilities. Lifetime ...

  18. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Commercial Griddles | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities throughout the United States. ...

  19. Fact #766: February 11, 2013 Electricity Prices are More Stable...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    However, when comparing the national average retail price for a gallon of regular gasoline and a kilowatt-hour (kWh) for residential electricity, the pricing for gasoline is far ...

  20. Covered Product Category: Enterprise Servers | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... The electricity rate is 0.09 per kWh, the average at U.S. federal facilities. Future electricity price trends and a 3% discount rate are Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors ...

  1. USVI Makes Headway Toward Goal to Reduce Fossil Fuel 60% by 2025

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Oil prices spike to over 145 barrel and price of electricity exceeds 0.50kWh in U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) USVI announces goal to reduce fossil fuel use 60% by 2025 In 3rd most ...

  2. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Fluorescent Ballasts | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities in the United States. Lifetime ...

  3. Covered Product Category: Residential Dishwashers | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual water use is based on 215 cycles per year. The annual energy and water cost is calculated using an assumed electricity price of 0.09 per kWh, the average electricity price ...

  4. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Light Commercial Heating and Cooling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Annual Energy Use: Based on the test method referenced in 10 CFR 430, Subpart B, Appendix M. Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, ...

  5. Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... The annual energy cost is calculated using the annual energy use and an assumed electricity price of 0.09 per kWh, the average electricity price at federal facilities. Lifetime ...

  6. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Assumes a 24-ft3-capacity, vertical solid-door refrigerator operating year round. Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the ...

  7. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Suspended Fluorescent Luminaires...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities in the United States. Lifetime ...

  8. Purchasing Energy-Efficient General Service Fluorescent Lamps...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities in the United States. Lifetime ...

  9. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Air-Cooled Ice Machines | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Use: Based on the federal standard for this product category. Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average ...

  10. Fact #766: February 11, 2013 Electricity Prices are More Stable than Gasoline Prices

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    All energy prices vary from month to month and year to year. However, when comparing the national average retail price for a gallon of regular gasoline and a kilowatt-hour (kWh) for residential...

  11. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Commercial Ovens | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities throughout the United States. ...

  12. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Hot Food Holding Cabinets | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities throughout the United States. ...

  13. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Residential Air Source Heat Pumps...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities throughout the United States. ...

  14. Low Standby Power Product Purchasing Requirements and Compliance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Cost of Standby Power Consumption: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities in the United ...

  15. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Commercial Fryers | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities throughout the United States. ...

  16. Microsoft Word - Heliostat_Cost_Reduction_Main_Report_v2 _NEW...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... This 2006 price yields electricity at 0.067kWh and hydrogen at 3.20kg. We propose research and development that should ultimately lead to a price as low as 90m 2 , which ...

  17. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities throughout the United States. ...

  18. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Ceiling-Mounted Fluorescent Luminaires...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, which is the average electricity price at federal facilities in the United States. Lifetime ...

  19. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Energy Use: Based on the test method referenced in 10 CFR 430, Subpart B, Appendix W. Annual Energy Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, ...

  20. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Arkansas Electricity Profile 2014 Table 1. 2014 Summary statistics (Arkansas) Item Value ... Direct use 1,925,932 18 Average retail price (centskWh) 7.90 48 kWh Kilowatthours. ...

  1. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Commercial Dishwashers | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Annual Utilities Cost: Calculated based on an assumed electricity price of 0.09kWh, and an assumed rate for natural gas of 0.69 per therm. Water and sewer costs are assumed to ...

  2. Energy Intensity Indicators: Electricity Generation Energy Intensity

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    A kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electric energy delivered to the final user has an energy equivalent to 3,412 British thermal units (Btu). Figure E1, below, tracks how much energy was used by the various...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Heat Pumps Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Utilities Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Institutional Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178...

  7. Partnering with Utilities and Other Program Administrators

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... expensive to procure than a kWh from a power plant, the utility may choose to invest in ... building automation systems, and "envelope" measures (e.g., insulation, windows). ...

  8. Cc: Magno, Regina; Ackley,Sandra J (BPA) - KEC-4; Lynn Holt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    kWhacre foot: "It is stated in the FEIS that the cost of power used for pumping in diversion and delivery to farms was 2.2 mills per kWh. Please provide the quantity of pumping...

  9. RECEIVED B'VBP,t From: Christensen, Gwendolyn [gchnstensen@usbrgov...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    kWhacre foot: "It is stated in the FEIS that the cost of power used for pumping in diversion and delivery to farms was 2.2 mills per kWh. Please provide the quantity of pumping...

  10. Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Rhode Island's PBF is supported by a surcharge on electric and gas customers' bills. Initially, the surcharge was was set at $0.0023 per kilowatt-hour (2.3 mills per kWh) and applied only to...

  11. Chaninik Wind Group: Wind Heat Smart Grids

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Wind Heat System Components * ETS heat output at high is equivalent to a Toyostove Laser 56 * .10 per kwh is equivalent to buying diesel at 2.90 per gallon * Current diesel ...

  12. TVA - Mid-Sized Renewable Standard Offer Program | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0.036kWh Summary The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) now compliments the small generation Green Power Providers Program by providing incentives for mid-sized renewable energy...

  13. NREL: Awards and Honors - Triple-Junction Terrestrial Concentrator...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of power and produce as much as 86.3 kWh of electricity during a typical year under a Phoenix, AZ sun. This means that 100 to 150 of these cells could produce enough electricity...

  14. Tips: Kitchen Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    you how much electricity in kilowatt-hours (kWh) a particular model uses in one year. ... Recommended temperatures are 35-38F for the fresh food compartment and 0 F for ...

  15. Analysis of the Impacts of the Clean Power Plan

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... ELECTRICITY PRICES (2013 cents per kWh) May 2015 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Analysis of the Impacts of the Clean Power Plan 26 Table 4. Summary results for AEO2015 ...

  16. 10 Questions Regarding SAE Hydrogen Fueling Standards | Department...

    Energy Savers

    ... kWh of storage) will achieve a range of 160 km (100 miles) and require overnight charging. ... SAE J2799 standardizes wireless communications between FCEVs and hydrogen stations. ...

  17. TEP - Commercial EasySave Plus Program | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Varies Custom: 0.10kWh saved Summary The Commercial Energy Solutions EasySave Plus program (formerly known as the Large Business program) offers rebates to business...

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Renewable Energy Cost Recovery Incentive Payment Program These multipliers result in production incentives ranging from 0.12 to 0.54kWh, capped at 5,000 per year. Ownership of...

  19. Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Connecticut electricity customers that install energy efficiency equipment and reduce their energy use during peak hours may be eligible for a rebate based on the amount of kilowatt-hours (kWh) s...

  20. Renewables Portfolio Goal | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the kWh attributable to nuclear power plants, demand-side management measures, and fossil fuel power plants that sequester their carbon emissions. For example, if a utility has...

  1. Advancing PEVs and the Future of PEV R&D and Deployment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    PHEVs and EREVs Future Next Generation Li-ion or Li-metal Chemistry with 3x energy density Battery Cost (kWh) Energy Density (WhL) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2014 2013...

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    paid based on the kW and kWh saved and verified through a measurement and verification process. However, certain types of improvement projects have been assigned pre-determined...

  3. Fan System Optimization Improves Production and Saves Energy at Ash Grove Cement Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-05-01

    This case study describes an optimization project implemented on a fan system at Ash Grove Cement Company, which led to annual energy and maintenance savings of $16,000 and 175,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh).

  4. Climate Control Load Reduction Strategies for Electric Drive...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Drive Cycle Simulations The vehicle simulation tool Autonomie was used to calculate ... The Focus Electric uses a 23-kWh capacity lithium-ion battery pack. The battery utilization ...

  5. Nicaragua: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    imported 63.95 million kWh from its neighbours Panama and Honduras.Nicaragua has no oil production; in 2001, its consumption was of 24,500 bblday. There is one oil refinery...

  6. Chelan County PUD - Sustainable Natural Alternative Power Producers...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on the system's production. The PUD distributes SNAP payments annually, on or around Earth Day. The amount paid per kilowatt-hour (kWh) to SNAP Producers is determined by...

  7. UESC Project Overview: NASA Ames Research Center

    Energy Savers

    Energy Challenges High energy intensity at many of the center's key buildings * Median energy intensity for typical bldg. similar to ARC's (mix of lab and office) is 21.2 kWh...

  8. Energy Smart Industrial: five years of enormous savings

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2.5 million kWh a year. JD Hisey, the plant's continuous improvement manager, says Energy Smart Industrial did more than just cut Fitesa's energy costs. "The new equipment reduced...

  9. Renewable Energy Cost Recovery Incentive Payment Program | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    incentives ranging from 0.12 to 0.54kWh, capped at 5,000 per year. Ownership of the renewable-energy credits (RECs) associated with generation remains with the...

  10. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

  11. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh (0.178 millskWh) to fund renewable energy and energy efficiency incentive programs. The...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    customers' bills. Initially, the surcharge was was set at 0.0023 per kilowatt-hour (2.3 mills per kWh) and applied only to... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial, Investor-Owned...

  13. Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Interior Lighting: 0.08kWh annual savings Induction Fixture (Exterior): 125unit LED OutdoorRoadway Fixture (Exterior): 100unit CFL...

  14. A Review of Variable Generation Forecasting in the West: July...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... of Texas FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission kW Kilowatt kWh Kilowatt-hour LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging LMP Locational Marginal Pricing MAE Mean Absolute Error ...

  15. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Near Zero Maine Home II, Vassalboro...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    R-70 cellulose in the attic, extensive air sealing, a mini-split heat pump, an heat recovery ventilator, solar water heating, LED lighting, 3.9 kWh PV, and triple-pane windows. ...

  16. CONTINUED HIGH PERFORMANCE ENERGY MANAGEMENT COMPANY Fitesa

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Washington, which transforms polymer pellets into sheets of non-woven fiber for diapers, wipes and filters, had been consuming about 19 million kWh of energy annually....

  17. Kodak: MotorMaster+ Is the Foundation for Energy Efficiency at a Chemical and Imaging Technologies Plant (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-02-01

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Kodak is saving 5.8 million kWh and $664,000 annually after upgrading or replacing inefficient motors in its Rochester, New York, plant.

  18. Kodak: MotorMaster+ is the Foundation for Energy Efficiency at a Chemical and Imaging Technologies Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-10-01

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Kodak is saving 5.8 million kWh and $664,000 annually after upgrading or replacing inefficient motors in its Rochester, New York, plant.

  19. Net Metering

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* At the beginning of the calendar year, a utility will purchase any...

  20. Glendale Water and Power- Large Business Energy Efficiency Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Glendale Water and Power (GWP) offers a rebate to its medium and large business customers with electric bills of more than $3000 per month (electric usage of 250,000 kWh annually ~ $36,000 per year...

  1. Performance Spotlight--Boise Paper: Process Pumping Optimization Saves Energy and Improves Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-05-01

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Boise Paper is saving 498,000 kWh annually after improving the process pumping system efficiency of its Wallula, Washington, mill.

  2. Boise Paper: Process Pumping System Optimization Saves Energy and Improves Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-05-01

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Boise Paper is saving 498,000 kWh annually after improving the process pumping system efficiency of its Wallula, Washington, mill.

  3. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... (ED) (United States) USDOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) ... a simplified levelized cost of electricity (sLCOE) estimated at 11.2 kWh (Table S.1). ...

  4. Terrebonne Parish Consol Gov't | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    kWh References "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTerrebonneParishConsolGov%27t&oldid881745...

  5. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Utility Account Number o SRR Designation o Performance Payment (kWh) o % of EEI Budget Cap 3. Enter the dollar figure you would like your performance payment limited to for the...

  6. Geothermal Technology Breakthrough in Alaska: Harvesting Heat...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    geothermal exploration at lower temperatures, thanks to a ... degrees Fahrenheit).This innovation increases the ... Hot Springs to reduce the cost of power from 0.30 per kWh ...

  7. Parking Savings Through LED Project for Iowa City | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    grant and rebate from utility. City to save 66,000 annually with energy efficient LED lights in parking garages. Project will reduce energy usage by 1.4 million kWh...

  8. Delmarva- Green Energy Fund

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected $0.000178 per kWh (0.178 mills/kWh) to fund renewable energy and energy efficiency incentive programs. The collections were increased to $0.000356...

  9. Opportunities & Challenges for Microgrids and Distributed Energy...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    And Produces GHG Emissions (g-C02kWh) 27% Below the Average CA Generation Mix Yes, 27% Below 2.8 MW Fuel Cell supplies 8% of baseload power with directed biogas renewable fuel ...

  10. Florida Power & Light Co. | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    was awarded 200,000,000 Recovery Act Funding with a total project value of 578,347,232. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Residential: 0.1040kWh...

  11. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Geothermal Heat Pumps Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Delmarva- Green Energy Fund Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected 0.000178 per kWh...

  12. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    . Electricity Consumption (kWh) Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Electricity Energy Intensity (kWhsquare foot) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation...

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hawaii Energy The percentage of total utility revenue is used to establish a target budget for the PBF. The surcharge is set on a cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh) basis to meet the...

  14. Really Off the Grid: Hooper Bay, AK

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    air leakage - Moisturemold issues - Reduce drafts * 7gallon heating fuel * 0.55kWh - electricity (over half of households behind on utility payments) Is your house drafty ...

  15. Wind to Hydrogen in California: Case Study

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Credit K Thousand kg Kilogram kW Kilowatt kWh Kilowatt-hour LA Los Angeles LEV Low ... The electrolyzers have a conversion performance of 50 kWhkg at rated power. The ...

  16. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Leganza Residence - Greenbank, Washington...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    structural insulated panel (SIPs) walls, a 10.25-inch SIPS roof, an R-20 insulated slab, a 2-ton ground source heat pump, radiant floor heat, 7.1 kWh PV, and triple-pane windows. ...

  17. Freescale Semiconductor Successfully Implements an Energy Management...

    Energy Savers

    by 28 million kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity and 26,000 million British thermal units (Btu) of natural gas between 2006 and 2009, saving more than 2 million each year. ...

  18. Data Center Energy Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Center Energy Efficiency In 2014, data centers in the U.S. con- sumed an estimated 70 billion kWh, 1.8% of total U.S. electricity consump- tion. 1 Thus, it is no surprise that both ...

  19. IRS Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Reduces Annual Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The retrofit resulted in annual energy savings of 2 million kWh, annual cost savings of over 122,000, and a simple payback of 2.5 years. Download the IRS parking facility case ...

  20. AHAM Comments_Ex Parte Memo_July 8, 2015_Dishwasher Standards...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    an additional Efficiency Level of 255 kWhyear and 3.1 gallonscycle and, thus, we ... Three dishwashers were tested: 1. 307 kWhyear; 4.1 gallonscycle targeted; 2. 255 kWh...

  1. Solutia: Massachusetts Chemical Manufacturer Uses SECURE Methodology...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Assessment recommendations had a potential total annual energy savings of about 9.6 million kWh for electricity and more than 338,000 MBtu for natural gas, with potential annual ...

  2. New Water Booster Pump System Reduces Energy Consumption by 80...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    As a result, the company reduced pumping system energy consumption by 80 percent (225,100 kWh per year), saving an annual 11,255 in pumping costs. With a capital investment of ...

  3. Funding Opportunity: Technology Advancement for Rapid Development...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    community on geothermal systems research and development throughout the United States in order to support GTP's goal of lowering the cost of geothermal energy to 6 kWh. ...

  4. Case Study - The Challenge: Saving Energy at a Sewage Lift Station...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    By adding a small booster pump to the sewage pumping system, the city reduced the station's annual energy consumption by 36,096 kWh, or more than 15 percent, which resulted in ...

  5. Onondaga County Department of Water Environment Protection: Process Optimization Saves Energy at Metropolitan Syracuse Wastewater Treatment Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Onondaga County, New York, is saving nearly 3 million kWh and 270 million Btu annually at a wastewater treatment plant after replacing inefficient motors and upgrading pumps.

  6. TP14AppB.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Segment Speed (mph) Initial SOC Time Start Time End Miles Driven Final SOC kWh Used Charge Number Initial Battery Temp Charge Time Start Charge Time End Energy Returned (AhkWh) ...

  7. GMP Cow Power

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    GMP purchases the renewable energy credits for up to $0.04 per kWh with full subscription of the GMP voluntary Cow Power tariff. Attributes associated with production in excess of voluntary...

  8. Case Study - The Challenge: Improving Ventilation System Energy...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NCI reduced its energy consumption by approximately 1,600,000 kWh per year and achieved energy savings of 59 percent. This energy-use reduction translated to cost savings of ...

  9. Microsoft Word - SANDIA REPORT - final RM6.docx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... (LCOE) for this RM6 Oscillating Water Column device in dollars per kilowatt-hour (kWh). ... 67 Figure 1-38: High-level LCOE (centskWh) breakdown per deployment scale for RM6. ...

  10. ETA-TP014 Appendix A: Day 1 Range and Charge Data Sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Segment Speed (mph) Initial SOC Time Start Time End Miles Driven Final SOC kWh Used Charge Number Initial Battery Temp Charge Time Start Charge Time End Energy Returned (AhkWh) ...

  11. Electrochemical Hydrogen Compression (EHC)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    MW single site unit in Korea, >1.5 billion kWh produced) * Unique internal reforming ... psi >5 years Compression Efficiency <10 kWhkg at 3,000 psi 6-12 kWhkg from <30 to ...

  12. Orlando Utilities Commission- Solar Programs

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) also offers incentive for solar hot water heating systems. Commercial solar hot water heating systems receive a $0.03 per kWh equivalent. Residential...

  13. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Montlake Modern - Seattle, Washington...

    Energy Savers

    an air-to-water heat pump plus radiant floor heat; 100% LED lighting; filtered-fan-powered fresh air intake; triple-pane windows, 9.7 kWh PV for electric car charging station. ...

  14. National Laboratory Concentrating Solar Power Research and Development...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    storage-are necessary to achieve the cost goal of producing solar energy for 0.06kWh. cspnatllabrdfactsheet.pdf (199.47 KB) More Documents & Publications National ...

  15. Public Housing Project Performance Benchmarks

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    projects with electricity savings, we assume site energy conversion (1 kWh 3,412 Btu). ... Simple Payback Time n66 Costft 2 kBtuft 2 kWhft 2 % of Baseline Energy Years ...

  16. DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Record 13010: Onboard Type...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Table 1 Projected Performance and Cost of Type IV Compressed Hydrogen Storage Systems 1 Storage System Targets Gravimetric (kWhkg sys) Volumetric (kWhL sys) Cost (kWh) (500,000 ...

  17. TP14AppABC.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Segment Speed (mph) Initial SOC Time Start Time End Miles Driven Final SOC kWh Used Charge Number Initial Battery Temp Charge Time Start Charge Time End Energy Returned (AhkWh) ...

  18. Orcas Power & Light- MORE Green Power Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Incentive payments will be paid per kilowatt hour (kWh) of production, with a rate based on the year in which the system is interconnected. In 2014, incentive rates were adjusted to accommodate f...

  19. Case Study - The Challenge: Improving the Performance of a Waste...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    As a result of the retrofit, facility energy consumption was reduced by more than 34 percent (3,661,200 kWh per year), and the facility saved more than 329,500 annually. Taking ...

  20. Final Report - 1366 Project Silicon: Reclaiming US Silicon PV...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    a strong silicon PV manufacturing presence and; 2) How to lower the levelized cost of electricity ("LCOE") for solar to 0.05-0.07kWh, enabling wide-scale U.S. market adoption. ...

  1. Project Profile: Brayton Cycle Baseload Power Tower | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wilson Solarpower, under the Baseload CSP FOA, proposed a utility-scale, Brayton cycle baseload power tower system with a capacity factor of at least 75% and LCOE of 0.09kWh. ...

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    individual customers, and retail electric providers. Generally, incentives are paid based on the kW and kWh saved and verified through a measurement and verification process....

  3. Cass County Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Twitter: @CassCountyElec Facebook: https:www.facebook.comCassCountyElectric Outage Hotline: 701-356-4499 or 1-888-277-4424 Outage Map: outage.kwh.com References: EIA...

  4. CASCADED USES OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY Paul Brophy EGS, Inc. & GRC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    dramatically EXAMPLE 1 * Consider: Power plant and dehydration plant * Assumptions - 150 o C resource (300 o F) - 2.0 MWe net binary power plant - US0.07 per kWh power sales price ...

  5. Residential electricity rates for the United States for Solcost Data Bank cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, L. E.

    1981-05-01

    Electricity rates are given for selected cities in each state, first of the Southern Solar Energy Center region and then of the rest of the US, for an average residence that uses 1000 kWh a month. (LEW)

  6. PowerPoint Presentation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2. how we capture net market effects and Momentum Savings Baselines We almost lost our clothes washer measures. number of units sold kWh consumption per unit lots little the market...

  7. Abuse Tolerance Improvements (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of these systems continues to increase (> 50 kWh for EVs); making safety and reliability ... Report Number(s): SAND2015--9391R 607892 DOE Contract Number: AC04-94AL85000 Resource ...

  8. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Expenditures (million dollars) Electricity Expenditures (dollars) per kWh per Square Foot North- east Mid- west South West North- east Mid- west South West North- east Mid- west...

  9. SunShot

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of solar energy systems to .06 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) by 2020 sunshot-logo Key Activities Sandia's research in solar ... Online Abstracts and Reports Water Power Personnel Natural ...

  10. Hawaii Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The percentage of total utility revenue is used to establish a target budget for the PBF. The surcharge is set on a cents per kilowatt-hour ($/kWh) basis to meet the target budget. The surcharge ...

  11. ESI-CS-Boise 1.5.indd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Trade ally Rogers Machinery UTiliTy Oregon Trail Electric Consumers Cooperative (OTEC) ProjecT Air Compression System Energy Efficiency energy SavingS (kWh) 725,000 kWhyr (22%...

  12. ESI-CS-MalheurLumber 1.5.indd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lumber TrAde Ally Rogers Machinery UTiliTy Oregon Trail Electric Consumers Cooperative (OTEC) ProjecT Refurbished 200 hp Inlet Modulating Air Compressor energy SAvingS (kWh)...

  13. Fort Yukon Wood Energy Program: Wood Boiler Deployment

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Oil cost per year for school 210,000 Fuel cost for electrical generation 1.4 M Cord Wood 275 - 300 per cord Kwh 0.77 (rate increase coming) Propane 203.89 per 100 ...

  14. EECBG Success Story: Finding Six-Figure ROI from Energy Efficiency

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Huntington, New York is installing new energy efficient street lights to reduce the city's electricity use by 947,000 kWh, thanks to an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant. Learn more.

  15. Alaska Strategic Energy Plan and Planning Handbook

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Btu British thermal unit DOE U.S. Department of Energy EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE levelized cost of energy NSEDC ...

  16. Strategic Energy LLC (New York) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    861 Data Utility Id 18193 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Commercial: 0.0729kWh...

  17. Tenaska Power Services Co (Delaware) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    861 Data Utility Id 18995 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Industrial: 0.0534kWh...

  18. Liberty Power Corp. (District of Columbia) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    861 Data Utility Id 55781 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Commercial: 0.0866kWh...

  19. Dominion Retail Inc (New York) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    861 Data Utility Id 3763 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Residential: 0.0593kWh...

  20. Constellation NewEnergy, Inc (District of Columbia) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    861 Data Utility Id 13374 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Residential: 0.0937kWh...