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Sample records for israel saudi arabia

  1. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Riyadh is a city in Saudi Arabia. Registered Energy Companies in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology Saudi Electricity Company References "NGA...

  2. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Saudi Arabia. Registered Energy Companies in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) References "NGA Geonames Search" Retrieved from "http:...

  3. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Visit the Careers page to search and apply for Global Research jobs in Saudi Arabia. We also welcome robust participation in our work from a range of science and technology students. Find out more about Edison Internships and the

  4. Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia February 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Secretary Chu was in ...

  5. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Investments | Department of Energy Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments January 19, 2007 - 10:38am Addthis Furthers Strategic Energy Dialogue between the Nations and Highlights U.S. - Saudi Scientific Innovation RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today continued his six-nation visit to the Middle East and Europe with a two-day stop in Saudi Arabia where he met with Saudi

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for ...

  7. Waters and desalination programs of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wojcik, C.K.; Maadhah, A.G.

    1981-07-01

    Saudi Arabia is an arid desert country without rivers or sweet-water lakes. It does, however, have large amounts of ground water and seawater. These waters must be desalted by some means in order to make them potable. The most frequently used methods for that purpose are: multistage flash (MSF) evaporation, reverse osmosis (RO), and electrodialysis (ED). Because of rapid industrialization of the country, the demand for fresh water has been growing steadily. This, in turn, has resulted in a spectacular growth of the water-desalination industry. This paper discusses the availability and properties of the waters. It gives a detailed description of the major accomplishments and of the ongoing and future programs in the field of water desalination in Saudi Arabia. 14 references, 6 figures, 8 tables.

  8. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. [NREL; Al-Abbadi, Naif [King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite; Wilcox, Steve [NREL

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  9. U.S., Saudi Arabia Announce International Collaboration on Supercritical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CO2 Tech Development | Department of Energy U.S., Saudi Arabia Announce International Collaboration on Supercritical CO2 Tech Development U.S., Saudi Arabia Announce International Collaboration on Supercritical CO2 Tech Development June 3, 2016 - 1:00pm Addthis The U. S. and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have announced the intention to establish an international consortium to promote the research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) of supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) power cycles.

  10. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Saudi Arabia U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia November 17, 2005 - 2:48pm Addthis Meeting with Minister Al-Naimi, tour of Shaybah oil field, and kick-off of International Energy Forum highlight four-day visit DHAHRAN, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman is continuing his four-day visit to the Middle East in Saudi Arabia today, meeting with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi, touring the Aramco headquarters and visiting

  11. GE Opens Research Center in Saudi Arabia | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    GE's US$1 billion investment in Saudi Arabia creates a path for new initiatives in localization, technology innovation and manufacturing to drive country's digital transformation by 2020 Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) GE's US$1 billion investment in Saudi Arabia creates a path for new initiatives in

  12. Statement by U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman at the conclusion of the Jeddah Energy Meeting in Saudi Arabia

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    JEDDAH, SAUDI ARABIA - At the conclusion of the Jeddah Energy Meeting in Saudi Arabia, U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman issued the following statement:

  13. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain January 26, 2015 - 1:15am Addthis Deputy Secretary of Energy Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall looks out at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, from a helicopter en route to view the Manifa Oil Field. | Photo by Kathryn Grant, Energy Department. Deputy Secretary of Energy Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall looks out at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, from a helicopter en

  14. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Solving the Energy and Climate Challenge Together Secretary Steven Chu International Energy Forum Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 22 February 2010 King Faisal Prize Winners, 1993 The United States of America and Saudi Arabia have a long and deep relationship We are adding a new dimension to our Saudi King Abdul Aziz Al Saud and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on the USS Quincy 65 years ago dimension to our relationship - as we move to meet shared energy and climate challenges (1) The global economy

  15. Evolution of gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showail, A.

    1983-01-01

    The beginning of the natural gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia is traced back to 1959 when Aramco embarked on a program to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) for export from low pressure gases such as stabilizer overhead, spheroid, tank farm, and refinery off-gases. The processing scheme involves compression and refrigeration to extract C3+ raw NGL, a raw NGL gathering system, and a fractionation plant to separate propane, butane, and natural gasoline. NGL extracted in Abqaiq and Ras Tanura is moved to Ras Tanura for fractionation, storage, and export. The system, built in several increments, has total design capacity of 500 MMscfd of feed gases to produce 320,000 bpd of NGL composed of 40% propane, 30% butane, and 30% natural gasoline. Phase II of the Saudi gas program envisages collection and processing of associated gas produced with Arabian medium and heavy crude oils largely in the northern onshore and offshore fields. Further domestic development may focus on more diversification in gas product utilization and on upgrading to higher value products.

  16. Sale of US military aircraft to Saudi Arabia. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bents, E.R.

    1995-05-01

    The end of the Cold War in the late 1980s resulted in a gigantic downsizing and consolidation of America`s defense industries, as domestic demand plummeted and the volume of international arms trading fell. However, in total world arms exports the United States exports more arms than any other nation. The country of Saudi Arabia has been the destination of a disproportionate amount of these weapons. The following account is an examination of the US military aerospace industry, the world military aerospace market, US government policy concerning arms exports, and the Saudi aerospace market. Each of these entities profoundly impacts US-Saudi military aerospace commerce. By individually analyzing the above factors, it will be demonstrated that the supply relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia is dependent on the convergence of several long standing and deep seated aspirations on the part of the three major players: the US Aerospace Industry, the US Government, and the Saudi Government. The US military aerospace industry`s exports are critical to ensure its independent survival, help fund crucial RD programs, and maintain a viable defense high tech industrial base in the U.S. In addition, it wishes to exert a military presence in the Gulf area and nurture relations with Saudi Arabia in particular, as the world`s leading oil producer. The Saudi government requires a military defense anchored in high tech aerospace systems, as well as a dependable and capable military ally such as the US.

  17. Automated management of radioactive sources in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S.; Jamil, M. F.; Basar, M. R.; Tuwaili, W. R.

    2014-09-30

    For usage of radioactive substances, any facility has to register and take license from relevant authority of the country in which such facility is operating. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the authority for managing radioactive sources and providing licenses to organizations for its usage is the National Center of Radiation Protection (NCRP). This paper describes the system that automates registration and licensing process of the National Center of Radiation Protection. To provide 24×7 accesses to all the customers of NCRP, system is developed as web-based application that provide facility to online register, request license, renew license, check request status, view historical data and reports etc. and other features are provided as Electronic Services that would be accessible to users via internet. The system also was designed to streamline and optimize internal operations of NCRP besides providing ease of access to its customers by implementing a defined workflow through which every registration and license request will be routed. In addition to manual payment option, the system would also be integrated with SADAD (online payment system) that will avoid lengthy and cumbersome procedures associated with manual payment mechanism. Using SADAD payment option license fee could be paid through internet/ATM machine or branch of any designated bank, Payment will be instantly notified to NCRP hence delay in funds transfer and verification of invoice could be avoided, SADAD integration is discussed later in the document.

  18. 6th Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum Ministers’ Meeting Underway in Saudi Arabia

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The event, which is being co-chaired by the United States and Saudi Arabia, kicked off with various policy and technical meetings with representatives from more than 20 countries. It will culminate on Wednesday with a day-long conference of energy ministers, including Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz.

  19. Probabilistic estimates of the seismic ground-motion hazard in western Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thenhaus, P.C.; Algermissen, S.T.; Perkins, D.M.; Hanson, S.L.; Diment, W.H.

    1989-01-01

    Estimates of seismic horizontal ground acceleration and velocity having a 90 percent probability of nonexceedance in 100 yr in western Saudi Arabia indicate the highest relative levels of ground motion are expected in regions neighboring the Gulf of Aqaba and North Yemen. Estimated ground motions within the Arabia Shield are relatively low; whereas the central and northern coastal plan regions are characterized by intermediate-level ground-motion values that are governed by far-field effects of earthquakes in the central Red Sea Rift. The seismic hazard estimates were derived from regional seismic source zones that are based on interpretation relating potential seismic activity to the Precambrian through Tertiary structural framework of the region.

  20. Limit on Saudi Arabia's oil pricing policy: a short-run econometric-simulation model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagour, O.S.M.

    1985-01-01

    Absence of a unified OPEC policy is largely attributed to frequent Saudi Arabian pricing/production decisions to influence oil price changes. Such demonstrated ability in the past prompted many to attribute oil price current downward rigidity to Saudi Arabian unwillingness to increase production. Empirically, this study presents a simultaneous equations oil market model in a simulation setting to test this hypothesis and to predict future oil prices under specific assumptions. Major conclusions are: (1) contrary to popular belief the international oil industry rarely, if ever, operated competitively; (2) the sole association of oil price increases to the embargo of 1973 is an outright distortion of facts; (3) the roots of the so-called energy crisis lie in: (a) post-World War II West European reconstruction, (b) US industrial adjustments from a war to a consumer-oriented economy, (c) the continuously dwindling oil reserves in major industrial countries, and (d) the comparative advantage of location and cost-per-unit of the Middle Eastern oil; (4) barring further market institutionalizations, a per barrel price below $15 by the end of 1990 (in constant 1984 prices) is not unlikely; and (5) future Saudi Arabian pricing/production policies to exert downward pressures on prices could lead to price increases, if perceived to be permanent by the OPEC group excluding Saudi Arabia.

  1. Lower Silurian-Upper Ordovician subsurface glacial outwash deposits, northern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobson, P.B. )

    1991-08-01

    Recently acquired seismic data reinterpreted well information in northwest Saudi Arabia extends outcropping Lower Silurian to Upper Ordovician Zarqa/Sarah glacial and periglacial deposits into the subsurface. These deposits range from northeast-trending outwash-filled channels deeply incised into the underlying Ordovician Qasim and the Cambrian-Ordovician Saq Formation in the east. A southwest source for these sediments is implied by this new data. This supports previously interpreted source directions mapped from outcrop. It also correlates with the position of the Arabian plate relative to known Gonwanaland ice caps during the Early Silurian-Late Ordovician. The recognition of glacial outwash sediments in the subsurface provides new insight into the continuity and environments of deposition of the Qasim Formation members in northwest Saudi Arabia. The hydrocarbon-prone Lower Silurian Qusaiba Member of the Qalibah Formation overlies the Zarqa/Sarah Formations. The Qusaiba represents a rapid transgression of the Paleo-Tethys Sea during the final melting of the Gondwanaland ice caps. The seal-source characteristics of the Qusaiba Member, combined with the good porosity and permeability of the underlying outwash deposits, suggest a prospective hydrocarbon exploration play. Gas is produced from this reservoir in the Risha field of eastern Jordan.

  2. Selection of a suitable reactor type for water desalination and power generation in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, F.M.

    1988-03-01

    Selection of a reactor type suitable for water desalination and power generation is a complex process that involves the evaluation of many criteria and requires the professional judgment of many experts in different fields. A reactor type that is suitable for one country might not be suitable for another. This is especially true in the case of Saudi Arabia because of its strategic location, the nature of its land and people, and its moderate technological situation. A detailed study using a computer code based on Saaty's mathematical pairwise comparison technique and developed in a previous study was carried out to find the most suitable reactor for water desalination and power generation in Saudi Arabia from among five potential types: boiling water reactors (BWRs), pressurized water reactors, CANDU heavy water reactors (HWRs), steam-generating heavy water reactors (SGHWRs), and high-temperature gas-cooled reactors. It was concluded that the CANDU HWR is the most suitable type for this purpose followed first by the BWR, then the SGHWR.

  3. Unayzah Formation: a new Permian-Carboniferous unit in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Laboun, A.A.

    1987-01-01

    The sandstones, shales, and thin beds of argillaceous limestone previously included as the basal part of the Permian Khuff Formation were described as the Unayzah Formation by al-Laboun in 1982 and 1986. The type locality (stratotype.) of this formation is in the town of Unayzah, and a reference section was established in the Qusayba area, al-Qasim district, Saudi Arabia. Fossil flora collected from outcrops and palynomorphs obtained from boreholes support a Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age for these strata. The Unayzah Formation is conformably overlain by the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation, whereas its basal contact is marked by a regional angular unconformity with various older units. The Unayzah Formation is widespread in the Greater Arabian basin. The formation represents cyclic transgressive and regressive deposits preceding the Permian regional marine transgression, during which the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation were deposited. This Permian transgression marked a major change in the Sedimentation and evolution of the Greater Arabian basin. The porous sandstones of the Unayzah Formation are important exploration targets because several fields in the eastern and southeastern parts of the Greater Arabian basin produce hydrocarbons from the Unayzah. 11 figures, 1 table.

  4. The status and prospective of environmental radiation monitoring stations in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S.; Holzheimer, Clous

    2014-09-30

    The use of nuclear technology requires an environmental monitoring program to ensure the safety of the environment, and to protect people from the hazards of radioactive materials, and nuclear accidents. Nuclear accidents are unique, for they incur effects that surpass international frontiers, and can even have a long lasting impact on Earth. Such was the case of the Chernobyl accident in the Ukraine on April 6, 1986. For that purpose, international and national efforts come together to observe for any nuclear or radioactive accident. Many states, including Saudi Arabia which oversees the operation of the National Radiation, Environmental and Early Monitoring Stations, The Radiation Monitoring Stations(RMS’s) are currently scattered across 35 cities in the country,. These locations are evaluated based on various technological criteria such as border cities, cities of high population density, wind direction, etc. For new nuclear power plants hovering around, it is strongly recommended to increase the number of radiation monitoring stations to warn against any threat that may arise from a nuclear leak or accident and to improve the performance of the existing RMS’s. SARA (Spectroscopic Monitoring Station for air) should be implemented due to the high sensitivity to artificial radiation, automatic isotope identification, free of maintenance, and fully independent due to solar power supply (incl. battery backup) and wireless communication (GPRS)

  5. Saudi Electricity Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Electricity Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Saudi Electricity Company Place: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Zip: 11416 Sector: Solar Product: Riyahd-based utility, 80% state-owned...

  6. Occurrence of {sup 222}Rn in irrigation water from Wadi Al-Rummah Qassim province, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Taher, Atef; Alashrah, Saleh

    2015-08-28

    Naturally accruing radioactive materials in the environment have received attention since they may be present in high level and pose risk to human health. The present work deals with measuring of {sup 222}Rn in irrigation water samples from Wadi Al-Rummah, Qassim province, in central of Saudi Arabia. {sup 222}Rn concentrations were measured by RAD7. It was found that the concentration of {sup 222}Rn ranged from 2.1 ± 1.2 to 7.2 ± 1.5 BqL{sup −1}. These values are below 11.1 BqL{sup −1} the maximum contamination level recommended from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The calculated annual effective dose (AED) ranging from 7.5 to 26.1 µSv/y. It was evident that the total annual effective dose resulting from radon in irrigation groundwater in Wadi Al-Rummah in Qassim area were significantly lower than the recommended limit 1 mSv/y for the public.

  7. Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Company (SAMREF) Name: Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Address: P.O. Box 30078 Place: Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Sector: Oil and Gas Product: Crude Oil Refining Phone...

  8. Israel Ecoware | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Israel Ecoware Jump to: navigation, search Name: Israel Ecoware Place: Israel Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based developer of solar PV systems. References: Israel Ecoware1 This...

  9. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Solar Radiation Atlas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1998-12-16

    This atlas provides a record of monthly mean solar radiation generated by a Climatological Solar Radiation model, using quasi-climatological inputs of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, ozone, surface albedo, and atmospheric pressure.

  10. Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    EIA Natural Gas Reserves 7,461,000,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 5 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves 264,600,000,000 Barrels (bbl) 1 2010 CIA World Factbook Energy Maps featuring...

  11. SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 4. Saudi Engineering Solar Energy Applications System Design Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    Literature summarizing a study on the Saudi Arabian solar controlled environment agriculture system is presented. Specifications and performance requirements for the system components are revealed. Detailed performance and cost analyses are used to determine the optimum design. A preliminary design of an engineering field test is included. Some weather data are provided for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

  12. ARM - Field Campaign - International Pyrgeometer Intercomparison

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Twenty-one instruments of four different types from 10countries participated, including Switzerland, Germany, Japan, Israel, Nigeria, Australia, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Holland and ...

  13. Operators in Yemen draw warning from Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-04

    This paper reports that foreign oil companies with concessions in northern Yemen have been drawn into a border dispute between Yemen and Saudi Arabia. At least six companies received letters from the Saudi government warning them that steps, as yet undefined, will be taken if exploration extends into disputed areas. A second territorial dispute also appears to be brewing in the region. Iran has ejected United Arab Emirates nationals from the island of Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf, which is jointly administered by Iran and Sharjah, one of the emirates. The U.A.E. government has reported the situation to the Gulf Cooperation Council, triggering a denial from Iran that anyone has been deported from the island.

  14. GE Global Research in Tirat Carmel, Israel

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Tirat Carmel, Israel Tirat Carmel, Israel The Israel Technology Center creates partnerships between Israeli external innovators and GE to bring innovative technologies to the ...

  15. Everything depends on the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauer, J.W. )

    1992-02-01

    This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

  16. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    leaders and government ministers. The Supreme Council is responsible for petroleum and natural gas policy-making, including contract review. It also sets broad policies for the...

  17. U.S., Saudi Arabia Announce International Collaboration on Supercritic...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    costs and overall reduction in electricity cost compared to steam-based power cycles. ... Developing Components for Advanced Turbine and Supercritical CO2-Based Power Cycles

  18. GE Opens Research Center in Saudi Arabia | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    supply chain from extraction to consumption With new ... Research, GE Power & Water and GE Oil & Gas, further ... on a Power Generation Hot and Harsh Center of ...

  19. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    business leaders in Jordan. He will also travel to the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Egypt, to continue dialogues with global leaders, enhance the United States' relationship...

  20. Israel-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    NREL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Israel-NREL Cooperation Name Israel-NREL Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector...

  1. SunEdison Israel Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Israel Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: SunEdison Israel Ltd Place: Israel Product: Israel-based subsidiary of project developer SunEdison in the Israeli market, with 15%...

  2. Dor Alon Energy in Israel 1988 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Dor Alon Energy in Israel 1988 Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dor Alon Energy in Israel (1988) Place: Israel Product: Israeli fuel company. References: Dor Alon Energy in Israel...

  3. Israel-NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Partnerships with Israel ORD International Research Agreements Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya MOU References ...

  4. U.S.-Israel Energy Meetings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    U.S.-Israel Energy Meetings U.S.-Israel Energy Meetings The United States and Israel participate in annual U.S.-Israel Energy Meetings, which include participants from multiple agencies from each country. The U.S. Department of Energy leads the annual meetings for the United States, and the Israeli Ministry of National Infrastructures, Energy, and Water Resources leads the meetings for Israel. The U.S.-Israel Energy Meeting is a central part of the United States' engagement with Israel on energy

  5. Interest-free loans used by the Saudi government as a transfer mechanism of oil revenue to the private sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fozan, M.N.

    1986-01-01

    Prior to 1970 the Saudi Government faced severe socioeconomic problems two of which were: (1) the contribution of the private sector to the gross domestic product was low, and (2) the oil revenues were the main source of the national income. As the oil revenues rapidly increased between 1972 and 1981, the government used every means at its disposal to encourage the private sector. The goal was to diversify the sources of national income in order to decrease the dependency on oil revenues as the main source of national income. To achieve this the government has provided interest-free loans to the private sector which, along with the demand, increased the gross domestic fixed-capital formation of the private sector. This study theoretically explains the phenomenal expansion of the private sector. Three models were developed from the least to the most difficult. The main principle of the models is that the expansion of the private sector is stimulated because of the low cost of capital in Saudi Arabia. Since oil revenues (the main source of government expenditures) have decreased in recent years, questions have been raised concerning the ability of the private sector to support the economy. It is argued that the demand of national and international markets will increase in the future, thus allowing the private sector to expand further. Even though the cost of capital will increase, Saudi companies will be able to compete either nationally or internationally. In addition, the competitiveness of the Saudi capital market may increase which will, in turn, benefit the Saudi economy.

  6. The effect of component efficiency and operating conditions on the 50-kW dish Stirling system in Riyadh, Saudia Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noyes, G.W. )

    1990-11-01

    This paper deals with the development of a weather data base and the performance prediction of a 50-kW dish Stirling system. An analysis of direct solar insolation data for 1985 from the site in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was made to determine the available solar energy. A parameter study was done of the effects of component efficiencies and operating conditions on instantaneous and yearly average system efficiency using the prepared weather data. The system performance was found to be most affected by wind, mirror reflectivity, and exact placement of the receiver in the focal point of the mirror.

  7. EcoCampus, Center for Creative Ecology, Kibbutz Lotan, Israel...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    EcoCampus, Center for Creative Ecology, Kibbutz Lotan, Israel Jump to: navigation, search Name EcoCampus, Center for Creative Ecology, Kibbutz Lotan, Israel Facility EcoCampus PV...

  8. Joint Statement on United States - Israel Energy Dialogue | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy on United States - Israel Energy Dialogue Joint Statement on United States - Israel Energy Dialogue October 20, 2015 - 11:52am Addthis Joint Statement on United States - Israel Energy Dialogue News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 On Monday, October 19, 2015, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest J. Moniz and Israeli Minister of National Infrastructures, Energy, and Water Resources Yuval Steinitz launched the 2015 U.S.-Israel Energy Dialogue. The dialogue, held regularly since 2011, includes

  9. Solar Energy Water Desalination in the United States and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luft, W.

    1981-04-01

    Five solar energy water desalination systems are described. The systems will each deliver 6000 m3/day of desalted water from either seawater or brackish water. After the system definition study is completed in August 1981, two systems will be selected for pilot plant construction. The pilot plants will have capacities in the range of 1 00 to 400 m3/day.

  10. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    about their work around vehicle emissions, engine efficiency, energy use modeling, unconventional gas development and enhanced imaging tools for resource mapping, much of...

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IEA: World Energy Outlook 2009 Change in primary oil demand 2007 - 2030 15 20 25 Energy Information ... Oil Prices decisions OPEC production decisions Domestic politics ...

  12. U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge. Through this Challenge, DOE and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources (MIEW) will ...

  13. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 1, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-06-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Japan, (3) East Europe; Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Poland, Hungary, (5) Brazil, (6) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany.

  14. Middle East: Iran isn't missed much

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    A concerted effort to further develop productive capacity is evident in most Middle Eastern Countries, through exploration, field development, and secondary recovery. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Abu Dhabi all plan expanded petroleum industry programs in 1980. Oil production in Saudi Arabia through the first one-half of 1980 averaged 9.5 million bpd, and the Saudis are proceeding with the large-scale associated gas utilization and industrialization program. Iraq's near-term interest is in development of the Majnoon Discovery. Abu Dhabi is continuing efforts to complete development of a giant offshore field and finalize an onshore/offshore associated gas utilization facility. Only Iran and Kuwait are expected to be relatively inactive in petroleum programs during the remainder of 1980. Individual country reports are presented for Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, Kuwait, the Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, South Yemen, and Yemen Arab Republic.

  15. 3rd Solar Fuels I-CORE Workshop (Israel) - JCAP

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    3rd Solar Fuels I-CORE Workshop (Israel) 3rd Solar Fuels I-CORE Workshop (Israel) Mon, Sep 12, 2016 1:30pm 13:30 Thu, Sep 15, 2016 2:30pm 14:30 Nahsholim Israel Wednesday, 14 September 2016, 2:00 PM Functional semiconductors and interfaces for generating fuels from sunlight I. D. Sharp September 5 International Conference on Advances in Semiconductors and Catalysts for Photoelectrochemical Fuel Production SolarFuel16 (Berlin, Germany) October 2 PRiME 2016 (Honolulu, HI

  16. U.S.-Israel Energy Agreement Amendment Text_04042016 | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    U.S.-Israel Energy Agreement Amendment Text04042016.pdf (14.16 KB) More Documents & Publications ScannedAgreement.pdf MOEDoftheItalianRepublic.PDF InternationalAgreementsJa...

  17. Oil shale as an energy source in Israel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fainberg, V.; Hetsroni, G.

    1996-01-01

    Reserves, characteristics, energetics, chemistry, and technology of Israeli oil shales are described. Oil shale is the only source of energy and the only organic natural resource in Israel. Its reserves of about 12 billion tons will be enough to meet Israel`s requirements for about 80 years. The heating value of the oil shale is 1,150 kcal/kg, oil yield is 6%, and sulfur content of the oil is 5--7%. A method of oil shale processing, providing exhaustive utilization of its energy and chemical potential, developed in the Technion, is described. The principal feature of the method is a two-stage pyrolysis of the oil shale. As a result, gas and aromatic liquids are obtained. The gas may be used for energy production in a high-efficiency power unit, or as a source for chemical synthesis. The liquid products can be an excellent source for production of chemicals.

  18. Israel: A Source of Innovation for GE |GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Israel: A Source of Innovation for GE Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Israel: A Source of Innovation for GE Oded Meirav 2014.05.22 Unlike other research organizations within GE Global Research, my team is not tasked with developing technology for GE's businesses. Instead...we hunt! Our job is to identify

  19. U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call On May 23, 2016, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced the U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge. Through this Challenge, DOE and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources (MIEW) will encourage leading engineers in the U.S. and Israel to design a novel integrated

  20. U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call The U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge will give U.S. and Israeli experts the opportunity to learn from each other on desalination and associated system design issues, while also stimulating innovative thinking on next-generation systems. Through this Challenge, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources (MIEW) will encourage

  1. U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call May 23, 2016 - 12:00pm Addthis Melanie A. Kenderdine Melanie A. Kenderdine Director of the Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis (EPSA) has issued a National Laboratory call for proposals for the U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination

  2. 7-21-10_Final_Testimony_(Hogan).pdf

    Energy Savers

    Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy 6th Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum Ministers' Meeting Underway in Saudi Arabia 6th Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum Ministers' Meeting Underway in Saudi Arabia November 2, 2015 - 8:12am Addthis The 6th Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) Ministerial Meeting opened yesterday in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The event, which is being co-chaired by the United States and Saudi Arabia, kicked off with various policy and technical meetings with

  3. GE Global Research Careers | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Careers The best and brightest minds in science and technology make breakthroughs daily at GE Global Research. Are you ready to join our team? Job Search Location Location Bangalore, India Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Munich, Germany Niskayuna, USA Oklahoma City, USA Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Shanghai, China Tirat Carmel, Israel Keyword Search Jobs » View All Jobs Keep in Touch With GE Global Research Careers Home > Careers Why Global Research careers_why_GE At Global Research, scientists, engineers

  4. Middle East: Output expansions boost drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    Iraqi exports may return to the market in limited fashion, but none of the region`s producers seems particularly concerned. They believe that global oil demand is rising fast enough to justify their additions to productive capacity. The paper discusses exploration, drilling and development, and production in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Qatar, Syria, Turkey, and Sharjah. The paper also briefly mentions activities in Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, and Ras al Khaimah.

  5. Somebody better find some rigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries of the Middle East. Field development projects abound, as the larger exporting nations pursue ambitious policies of production expansion. However, their plans may be hampered by the growing worldwide shortage of rigs. Separate evaluations are given for Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Yemen, Syria, Dubai, Turkey, Sharjah, and briefly for Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, UAE-Ajman, and UAE-Ras al-Khaimah.

  6. Joint United States-Israel desalination project. General technology report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reed, S.A.

    1984-09-01

    In mid-1975, the governments of the United States and Israel signed an agreement to jointly design, construct, and operate, during a period of approximately ten years, an advanced prototype of a multieffect low-temperature distillation plant to convert seawater to high-quality freshwater. The distillation plant was to be built at Ashdod, Israel, adjacent to an existing electrical generating plant which would supply both energy (steam and electricity) and Mediterranean Sea feed-water to the distillation plant. The project objectives were essentially achieved, although its scope was reduced. A 5-Mgd Intermediate Module (INTMO - later renamed Multi-effect Low-Temperature (MELT) Plant) was constructed and operated for over a year, coupled to a 50-MW steam turbine. Dual operation, most of the time in a load-following mode, proved to be stable, flexible, and reliable for both the power plant and the desalination plant. Over 2 x 10/sup 6/ m/sup 3/ of about 50 ppM total-dissolved-solids water was produced from Mediterranean seawater. A calculation, based on an optimized, multiple-unit desalination plant, coupled to a 550-MW, coal-fired, base-loaded power plant, indicates water costs in the order of 55 to 60 cents/m/sup 3/. A complete technology package is being furnished to each of the participating governments. The total expenditure for the project, from its inception in 1976 through March 31, 1984, when the operation for data collection and demonstration purposes was completed, was about $31 million.

  7. "ALON ISRAEL OIL COMPANY LTD",820,15,"ALON BAKERSFIELD OPERATING...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Current Year (barrels per steam day except sulfur and hydrogen)",5000 "ALON ISRAEL OIL COMPANY LTD",820,15,"ALON USA ENERGY INC","Texas Inland","Texas","BIG SPRING",3,"ALKYLATES",...

  8. Project Management Development Company PMD | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Development Company PMD Jump to: navigation, search Name: Project Management & Development Company (PMD) Place: Jubail Industrial City, Saudi Arabia Zip: 31961 Product: Saudi-based...

  9. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi...

  10. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi...

  11. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi...

  12. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi...

  13. National Solar Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    National Solar Systems Place: Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia Zip: 31952 Product: Leading system intergrator in Saudi Arabia. Coordinates: 26.28665, 50.21434 Show Map Loading map......

  14. Upper mantle structure under western Saudi Arabia from Rayleigh wave tomography and the origin of Cenozoic uplift and volcanism on the Arabian Shield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Y; Nyblade, A; Rodgers, A; Al-Amri, A

    2007-11-09

    The shear velocity structure of the shallow upper mantle beneath the Arabian Shield has been modeled by inverting new Rayleigh wave phase velocity measurements between 45 and 140 s together with previously published Rayleigh wave group velocity measurement between 10 and 45 s. For measuring phase velocities, we applied a modified array method that minimizes the distortion of raypaths by lateral heterogeneity. The new shear velocity model shows a broad low velocity region in the lithospheric mantle across the Shield and a low velocity region at depths {ge} 150 km localized along the Red Sea coast and Makkah-Madinah-Nafud (MMN) volcanic line. The velocity reduction in the upper mantle corresponds to a temperature anomaly of {approx}250-330 K. These finding, in particular the region of continuous low velocities along the Red Sea and MMN volcanic line, do not support interpretations for the origin of the Cenozoic plateau uplift and volcanism on the Shield invoking two separate plumes. When combined with images of the 410 and 660 km discontinuities beneath the southern part of the Arabian Shield, body wave tomographic models, a S-wave polarization analysis, and SKS splitting results, our new model supports an interpretation invoking a thermal upwelling of warm mantle rock originating in the lower mantle under Africa that crosses through the transition zone beneath Ethiopia and moves to the north and northwest under the eastern margin of the Red Sea and the Arabian Shield. In this interpretation, the difference in mean elevation between the Platform and Shield can be attributed to isostatic uplift caused by heating of the lithospheric mantle under the Shield, with significantly higher region along the Red Sea possibly resulting from a combination of lithosphere thinning and dynamic uplift.

  15. A Top to Bottom Lithospheric Study of Africa and Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M

    2006-10-31

    We study the lithospheric structure of Africa, Arabia and adjacent oceanic regions with fundamental-mode surface waves over a wide period range. Including short period group velocities allows us to examine shallower features than previous studies of the whole continent. In the process, we have developed a crustal thickness map of Africa. Main features include crustal thickness increases under the West African, Congo, and Kalahari cratons. We find crustal thinning under Mesozoic and Cenozoic rifts, including the Benue Trough, Red Sea, and East, Central, and West African rift systems. Crustal shear wave velocities are generally faster in oceanic regions and cratons, and slower in more recent crust and in active and formerly active orogenic regions. Deeper structure, related to the thickness of cratons and modern rifting, is generally consistent with previous work. Under cratons we find thick lithosphere and fast upper mantle velocities, while under rifts we find thinned lithosphere and slower upper mantle velocities. There are no consistent effects in areas classified as hotspots, indicating that there seem to be numerous origins for these features. Finally, it appears that the African Superswell has had a significantly different impact in the north and the south, indicating specifics of the feature (temperature, time of influence, etc.) to be dissimilar between the two regions. Factoring in other information, it is likely that the southern portion has been active in the past, but that shallow activity is currently limited to the northern portion of the superswell.

  16. Aerial Measuring System (AMS)/Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC) Joint Comparison Study Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wasiolek, P.; Halevy, I.

    2013-12-23

    Under the 13th Bilateral Meeting to Combat Nuclear Terrorism conducted on January 8–9, 2013, the committee approved the development of a cost-effective proposal to conduct a Comparison Study of the Aerial Measuring System (AMS) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC). The study was to be held at the Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL), Nellis Air Force Base, Las Vegas, Nevada, with measurements at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The goal of the AMS and the IAEC joint survey was to compare the responses of the two agencies’ aerial radiation detection systems to varied radioactive surface contamination levels and isotopic composition experienced at the NNSS, and the differing data processing techniques utilized by the respective teams. Considering that for the comparison both teams were using custom designed and built systems, the main focus of the short campaign was to investigate the impact of the detector size and data analysis techniques used by both teams. The AMS system, SPectral Advanced Radiological Computer System, Model A (SPARCS-A), designed and built by RSL, incorporates four different size sodium iodide (NaI) crystals: 1" × 1", 2" × 4" × 4", 2" × 4" ×16", and an “up-looking” 2" × 4" × 4". The Israel AMS System, Air RAM 2000, was designed by the IAEC Nuclear Research Center – Negev (NRCN) and built commercially by ROTEM Industries (Israel) and incorporates two 2" diameter × 2" long NaI crystals. The operational comparison was conducted at RSL-Nellis in Las Vegas, Nevada, during week of June 24–27, 2013. The Israeli system, Air RAM 2000, was shipped to RSL-Nellis and mounted together with the DOE SPARCS on a DOE Bell-412 helicopter for a series of aerial comparison measurements at local test ranges, including the Desert Rock Airport and Area 3 at the NNSS. A 4-person Israeli team from the IAEC NRCN supported the activity together with 11

  17. Fact #934: July 18, 2016 OPEC Accounts for Less than One-third...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Crude Oil Production by State and Federal Offshore Region, 2015 Year Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries Total Imports Percent ...

  18. Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Thursday, February...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Wednesday, February 24 Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  19. BACKGROUND GLOBAL STEEL OVERCAPACITY and OIL COUNTRY TUBULAR...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Oil Country Tubular Goods (OCTG) producers filed anti- dumping cases against South Korea, India, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine and Vietnam. ...

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - 4_JAMES_WARDEN_2014-05-08 WARDEN 2014...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    little recent progress has occurred - Saudi Arabia is considering its plans for nuclear power among its overall energy supply mix Jordan - Negotiations began in 2007 - ...

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - Update on 123 Agreements_James Warden

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... little recent progress has occurred - Saudi Arabia is considering its plans for nuclear power among its overall energy supply mix Jordan - Negotiations began in 2007 - ...

  2. Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Resource Type Guidemanual Website http:www.escwa.un.orginform Country Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  3. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  4. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Background Membership "ESCWA comprises 14 Arab countries in Western Asia: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  5. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook

    table below indicates, Persian Gulf producers (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Iran) appear to have accounted for 80 percent of the overall cutback over...

  6. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Total OPEC Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included Ecuador in 1978-1992 ...

  7. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  8. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  9. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  10. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  12. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes...

  13. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

  14. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  15. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Persian Gulf Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United ... and 2016-present), Iran (1960present), Iraq (1960present), Kuwait (1960present), ...

  16. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook

    North America and Saudi Arabia, seasonally lower demand in October due to refinery maintenance, outages, and slower global economic growth. In its November Short-Term Energy...

  17. SABICs Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Tony Cerruti, Marketing Director, Americas, for SABIC's Innovative Plastics business ... in Saudi Arabia, the USA, the Netherlands, Spain, Japan, India, China and South Korea. ...

  18. Clean Coal and Waste to Energy Session

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Brazil Canada China European Union France Germany Greece India Italy Japan Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Saudi Arabia South Africa Korea United Kingdom United ...

  19. King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology Place: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Zip: 11442 Sector: Solar...

  20. Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela UN Region: Northern America,...

  1. Controls on aggradation and incision in the NE Negev, Israel, since the middle Pleistocene

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Matmon, A.; Elfasi, S.; Hidy, A. J.; Geller, Y.; Porat, N.; Team, ASTER

    2016-02-23

    Here, we investigated the mid-Pleistocene to recent aggradation-incision pattern of two drainage systems (Nahal Peres and Nahal Tahmas) in the hyperarid north eastern Negev desert, southern Israel. Although these drainage systems drain into the tectonically active Dead Sea basin, lake level fluctuations cannot account for the aggradation-incision pattern as bedrock knickpoints disconnect the investigated parts of these drainage systems from base level influence. We applied geomorphic mapping, soil stratigraphy, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and cosmogenic (in situ 10Be) exposure dating to reconstruct cycles of aggradation and incision of alluvial terraces and to study their temporal association with regional periods ofmore » humidity and aridity and global glacial-interglacial cycles. The spatial and temporal relationships between the alluvial units suggest changes in the drainage system behavior since the middle Pleistocene, and show a pattern in which prolonged periods of sediment aggradation alternated with short periods of rapid and intense degradation through erosion and incision into sediment and bedrock. We obtain ages for several Pleistocene-Holocene periods of incision: ~ 1.1 Ma, ~ 300 ka, ~ 120 ka, ~ 20 ka, ~ 12 ka and ~ 2 ka. Although broadly synchronous, the Nahal Peres and Nahal Tahmas systems exhibit temporal differences in aggradation and incision.« less

  2. Relocation of Gulf of Aqaba earthquakes using the JSOP Bulletin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J.J.

    1997-07-03

    Ground truth information (i.e. precise information about the hypocenter and origin time of aseismic event) is difficult to obtain in the Middle East and North Africa region. One source of ground truth we are attempting to exploit is data from local seismic networks. An electronic bulletin from the second phase of the Joint Seismic Observation Period (JSOP), with participating countries in the eastern Mediterranean region, provides a source of local network data not ordinarily available. I have used JSOP bulletin data for the period January 1996 through June 1996 to relocate over 100 earthquakes occurring in and around the Gulf of Aqaba. Fourteen of these earthquakes have picks in the bulletin for stations surrounding the Gulf (Egypt Saudi Arabia, Israel,and Jordan). The rest of the data involves picks for stations either in Israel, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia (east side and north of the Gulf) or for stations in Israel, Jordan, and Egypt (west side and north of the Gulf). The VELEST code (Joint Hypocenter Determination method) was used to calculate improved locations (over what can be obtained from single event determinations--SED with poor station configurations) for the all the earthquakes in the data set. Location differences between the JHD solution and SED are discussed, along with determination of the minimum 1-Velocity model. Waveform correlation was used to validate observed event clusters in the VELEST solutions. This provided evidence that some of the VELEST solutions are more accurate than NEIC solutions. The subset of 14 events with good station coverage provides a good set of ground truth (location uncertainty {lt}5 km). The rest of the events are probably located more accurately with local data than is available from NEIC determinations, but such a conclusion needs to be supported by further study.

  3. Technology transfer report: feasibility study for the use of geothermal brine in the Ashdod area, Israel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benson, S.M.

    1984-08-01

    The hydrothermal potential of the Ashdod area, Israel, was evaluated to determine its suitability as the low grade energy source required to operate the Ashdod desalination plant. An estimated 1250 cubic meters per hour of 120/sup 0/C brine would be adequate to supply the hot water necessary for operating the desalination plant. Considerable interest in oil exploration in the Ashdod area resulted in the drilling of six wells into the Jurassic formations by Oil Exploration (Investments) Ltd. (OEL) in 1976-1980. A small amount of oil was found in two wells, Ashdod 2 and 5. The remaining wells were abandoned as ''dry holes''. Evaluation of the drill cuttings, cores, and the electric logs defined two lithologic units of potential interest for hydrothermal exploitation, the Zohar and Shderot Dolomites. Investigation of the hydrothermal potential of the Jurassic formations underlying the Ashdod area has revealed that the aquifer temperatures range between 85 and 92/sup 0/C. The hydrologic parameters are not well defined; however the matrix permeability of the dolomites and limestones is probably between 1 and 10 md. This is insufficient permeability for a large scale pumping operation such as the one required to operate the desalination plant. Therefore, successful utilization of the resource requires the presence of significant fractures and/or connected vugs in the formation. The very low well productivity and formation plugging may indicate that permeability of the fracture zones may easily be impaired, suggesting that the fracture zones are not suitable production intervals. Until a test is conducted on a properly completed well, it is not possible to evaluate the deliverability of wells tapping these aquifers. 14 refs., 8 figs.

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - TD 06 - NCW 2015 - TD Session 150929 Rimando Closing

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Solving the Energy and Climate Challenge Together Secretary Steven Chu International Energy Forum Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 22 February 2010 King Faisal Prize Winners, 1993 The United States of America and Saudi Arabia have a long and deep relationship We are adding a new dimension to our Saudi King Abdul Aziz Al Saud and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on the USS Quincy 65 years ago dimension to our relationship - as we move to meet shared energy and climate challenges (1) The global economy

  5. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Even though Saudi Arabia is the world's largest producer of petroleum, and OPEC countries produce much of the oil in the global market, the U.S. imports most of its oil from Canada, Mexico and...

  6. International - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook

    in. If the country has a full write-up (a full brief, more than just bullets), we do offer a PDF. See Saudi Arabia (http:www.eia.govbetainternationalanalysis.cfm?isoSAU)...

  7. Readout of Secretary Chu's Bilateral Meetings at the Energy and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Media contact(s): (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Readout on Secretary Chu's China Meetings on Clean ...

  8. Energy Department Offers Conditional Commitment to Support Nevada...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    achieve energy independence," U.S. Senator Harry Reid said. "Northern Nevada is the Saudi Arabia of geothermal energy and I thank Secretary Chu for recognizing the Silver State's ...

  9. DOE Quadrennial Energy Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Russia leads the world in oil production with almost 11 million bblsday, Saudi Arabia is second with 10.5 million, and the USA is third with 8.5 million bblsday. We will reach 10 ...

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - UAE Masdar 2-24-10 final for distribution...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    final for distribution.pptx Microsoft PowerPoint - UAE Masdar 2-24-10 final for distribution.pptx (4.87 MB) More Documents & Publications Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22

  11. Secretary Moniz Announces New CO2 Storage Network at Multinational...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced the formation of an international initiative ... The U.S. and Saudi Arabia co-chaired this year's meeting. Secretary Moniz noted that the ...

  12. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    led by production in Iraq and Saudi Arabia (Table 2, Table 3). Global surplus crude oil production capacity averaged 1.7 million bd in May and June, 0.4 million bd lower...

  13. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    from September 2008 production levels. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Qatar accounted for about three-fourths of the 2.6 million bbld of actual...

  14. TABLE37.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500 barrels per day. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components...

  15. TABLE42.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500 barrels per day. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components...

  16. Measuring the Costs of U.S. Oil Dependence and the Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    exporters operating as OPEC." Prof. M. Adelman, MIT, 2004. Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Venezuela 0 20 40 60 80 100 120...

  17. Minerals Yearbook, 1988. The mineral industries of the Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf countries. International review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michalski, B.; Antonides, L.E.; Morgan, G.A.

    1988-01-01

    The document contains commodity reviews (metals, mineral fuels, industrial minerals where applicable) for the following countries: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, People's Democratic Republic of Yeman, and Yeman Arab Republic.

  18. Bahattin Buyuksahin

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Saudi Arabia other OPEC Effective Spare Capacity (wS.A.) VenNig Iraq Libya OECDIEA 2010 Demand to Reach 91.0 mbd in 2012 3 Source: IEA Oil Market Report 89.5 mbd in ...

  19. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  20. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    oil imports from Saudi Arabia increased sharply, along with crude oil imports from Nigeria. Venezuelan crude oil imports, for the second week in a row, continue on a path...

  1. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

  2. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    by Saudi Arabia, are continuing the policy of defending market share in a low oil price environment. EIA expects global consumption of petroleum and other liquids to grow by 1.4...

  3. Petroleum developments in Middle East countries in 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1980-11-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries in 1979 totaled 7,779,619,000 bbl at an average rate of 21,314,024 b/d, up 0.4% from 1978. Principal increases were in Iraq, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, and Saudi Arabia. Significant new discoveries were made in Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Abu Dhabi. New areas were explored in Oman, Syria, offshore South Yemen, Dubai, and Qatar.

  4. Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1981-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

  5. Middle East oil and gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-12-01

    The following subjects are covered in this publication: (1) position of preeminence of the Middle East; (2) history of area's oil operations for Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, neutral zone, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Egypt; (3) gas operations of Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq and United Arab Emirates; (4) changing relationships with producing countries; (5) a new oil pricing environment; (6) refining and other industrial activities; and (7) change and progress. 10 figs., 12 tabs.

  6. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Hatch, G.C.

    1983-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1982 totaled 4,499,464,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,162,915 BOPD), down 21.5% from 1981. Increases were in Iraq, Iran, and Oman. Significant decreases occurred in Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were reported in Oman, Syria, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

  7. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  8. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

  9. Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Tuesday, February 23 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 February 23, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu visited King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea coast near Jeddah. His host was Saudi Minister of Petroleum and Minerals Ali Al Naimi, who is Chair of the KAUST Board of Trustees. KAUST is an international, graduate-level research university dedicated to science and

  10. The Use of Renewable Feedstocks for the Production of Chemicals and Materials - A Brief Overview of Concepts

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Use of Renewable The Use of Renewable Feedstocks for the Feedstocks for the Production of Chemicals and Production of Chemicals and Material Material s s - - A Brief Overview A Brief Overview of Concepts of Concepts Joseph J. Bozell Joseph J. Bozell National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, CO 80401 Golden, CO 80401 Visions Visions " " The U.S. is the Saudi Arabia of carbohydrates. The U.S. is the Saudi

  11. Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Operations R & D 2009 Statistics Crude oil reserves: 260.2 billion barrels Crude oil production: 2.9 billion barrels in 2009 Crude oil exports: 2.1 billion barrels in 2009...

  12. [pic] EERE Web site statistics - Lose Your Excuse - Parents

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... |16.|France|11|0%| |17.|Ireland|10|0%| |18.|Germany|10|0%| |19.|Belgium|9|0%| |20.|Saudi Arabia|8|0%| |21.|Chile|7|0%| |22.|Finland|7|0%| |23.|Taiwan|7|0%| |24.|Netherlands|7|0%| ...

  13. The Pathway to Energy Security

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Canada 2.04 (16.4%) US Domestic 7.38 Venezuela 1.54 (12.4%) Mexico 1.56 (12.5%) Other OPEC 0.78 (6.3%) Iraq 0.77 (6.2%) Nigeria 1.07 (8.6%) Other Non-OPEC 3.0 (24.1%) Saudi Arabia ...

  14. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O; Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1982-11-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1981 totaled 5,741,096,000 bbl, or an average rate of 15,729,030 BOPD, down 14.9% from 1980. Increases were in Oman, Dubai, and Turkey. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were made in Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Abu Dhabi.

  15. SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. Final report: system design extension. Volume 2. Appendices and drawings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    The report concerns the design of a solar energy powered, seawater desalination pilot plant for installation at Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, on the shore of the Red Sea. General specifications, major equipment specifications, vendor and operation and maintenance information, as well as design drawings, are presented.

  16. International energy indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K.

    1980-09-01

    Data are compiled and graphs are presented for Iran: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Saudi Arabia: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, 1973-1980; Oil Stocks: Free World, US, Japan and Europe (landed), 1973-1980; Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, 1973-1980; USSR Crude Oil Production, 1974-1980; Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, 1973-1980; US Imports of Crude Oil and Products, 1973-1980; Landed Cost of Saudi Crude in Current and 1974 Dollars; US Trade in Bituminous Coal, 1973-1980; Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-1980; and Energy/GNP Ratio.

  17. Israel: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Consumption 0.86 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code IL 3-letter ISO code ISR Numeric ISO code 376 UN Region1 Western Asia OpenEI Resources Energy Maps 0 Tools 2...

  18. Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

    1994-12-01

    Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

  19. Iraq`s significant hydrocarbon potential remains relatively undeveloped

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AL-Gailani, M.

    1996-07-29

    Iraq is probably one of the least explored countries in the Middle East, despite the fact that it possesses one of the richest hydrocarbon basins in the world almost on a par to Saudi Arabia`s potential, if not more. The aim of this article is to state the facts about Iraq and focus on the huge but untapped and undeveloped hydrocarbon resources to the international oil community. Perhaps it is best to start by describing briefly the sedimentary and tectonic elements responsible for accumulating such large hydrocarbon resources. The paper describes the basin, tectonic elements, structural anomalies, deep drilling, source rocks, reservoir rocks, characteristics, and new reserves.

  20. Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Net Imports by Country Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Gabon Indonesia Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman

  1. U.S. Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Imports by Country of Origin Import Area: U.S. Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Gabon Indonesia Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria

  2. Upcoming Reports & Publications - U.S. Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (EIA) Upcoming Reports & Publications Annual November 2016 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity December 2016 Annual Coal Report Annual Coal Distribution Report Electric Power Annual Japan Country Analysis Brief Mexico Country Analysis Brief Saudi Arabia Country Analysis Brief South Korea Country Analysis Brief State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions United Arab Emirates Country Analysis

  3. GE Global Research Locations | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Locations GE Global Research is innovating around the clock. Select one of our locations to learn more about operations there.GE Global Research is innovating around the clock. Select a location to learn more about our operations. Home > Locations GE Global Research is ALWAYS OPEN Already know about our locations? Experience a special look at a day in our life around the world! See What We're Doing Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Founded: 2015 Employees: 15 Focus Areas: Material Characterization,

  4. Light Duty Vehicle Pathways

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Pathways July 26, 2010 Sam Baldwin Chief Technology Officer Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy 2 Conventional Oil International Energy Agency, 2008 * Across 798 of world's largest oil fields, average production decline of 6.7%/year. * Of 798 fields, 580 had passed peak. * To meet growth & replace exhausted resources, will have to add 64 MB/d by 2030, or 6X Saudi Arabia. * Sources: (Figure 1) Fredrik Robelius, Uppsala Universitet; (Figure 2) Association

  5. Fact #780: May 20, 2013 Crude Oil Reserve to Production Ratio | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy 0: May 20, 2013 Crude Oil Reserve to Production Ratio Fact #780: May 20, 2013 Crude Oil Reserve to Production Ratio The ratio of reserves to production gives a relative measure of the resources available in different oil producing countries. Assuming 2011 crude oil production rates and holding reserves constant, the reserves in Venezuela would last another 258 years, while Canada's reserves would last 165 years and the United States reserves would last 11 years. Saudi Arabia, which

  6. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3b : Non-OPEC Petroleum and Other Liquids Supply (Million Barrels per Day) Either scripts and active content are not permitted to run or Adobe Flash Player version ${version_major}.${version_minor}.${version_revision} or greater is not installed. Get Adobe Flash Player - = no data available OPEC = Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Venezuela. Notes: The

  7. IRS (Internal Revenue Service) claim against oil firms heads for a court showdown

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-09-24

    During the gasoline crisis of the late Seventies, Saudi Arabia pumped oil to four U.S. oil companies at a price mutually agreed on. But the Internal Revenue Service says the companies sold the oil at a higher rate, raking in profits that they must pay taxes on. Exxon and Texaco dispute the ruling, while the other companies are being audited. The Tax Court is scheduled to try the case April of 1991.

  8. NREL: International Activities - Bilateral Partnerships

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Printable Version Bilateral Partnerships NREL partners with more than 50 countries around the world to advance development and use of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies: Angola Argentina Australia Bangladesh Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Gabon Haiti India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Mexico North America Philippines Saudi Arabia U.S. Pacific Territories United Arab Emirates Vietnam Asia Bangladesh Under sponsorship from the U.S. Agency for International

  9. Updated Workflows Enhance New LHC Era

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    (EIA) Upcoming Reports & Publications Annual November 2016 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity December 2016 Annual Coal Report Annual Coal Distribution Report Electric Power Annual Japan Country Analysis Brief Mexico Country Analysis Brief Saudi Arabia Country Analysis Brief South Korea Country Analysis Brief State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions United Arab Emirates Country Analysis

  10. International energy indicators. [International and US statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K.

    1980-03-01

    For the international sector, a table of data is first presented followed by corresponding graph of the data for the following: (1) Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to February 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia (same as Iran); (3) OPEC (ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia); capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to January 1980; (4) non-OPEC Free World and US production of crude oil, 1973 to January 1980; (5) oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973 to 1979; (6) petroleum consumption by industrial countries, 1973 to October 1979; (7) USSR crude oil production, 1974 to February 1980; (8) Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, 1973 to January 1980. For the United States, the same data format is used for the following: (a) US imports of crude oil and products 1973 to January 1980; (b) landed cost of Saudi Arabia crude oil in current and 1974 dollars, 1974 to October 1979; (c) US trade in coal, 1973 to 1979; (d) summary of US merchandise trade, 1976 to January 1980; and (e) US energy/GNP ratio (in 1972 dollars), 1947 to 1979.

  11. World`s LPG supply picture will change by 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1995-11-06

    Middle East LPG producers will continue to dominate world export markets in 1996. Led by Saudi Arabia, the Middle East will produce nearly 26 million metric tons of LPG in million metric tons of LPG in 1996, more than 54% of the world`s almost 48 million metric tons of export LPG. In 2000, however, with world exports of LPG expanding to 58.9 million metric tons, Middle East suppliers; share will have remained flat, making up 31.7 million metric tons, or 53.9%. Saudi Arabia`s contribution will exceed 15 million metric tons, reflecting essentially no growth since 1995. These and other patterns, from data compiled by Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, and published earlier this year, show other suppliers of LPG, especially African (Algeria/Nigeria), North Sea, and Latin American (Venezuela/Argentina), picking up larger shares in the last 5 years of this decade. This scenario assumes completion of several major supply projects that are either panned, under construction, or nearing start up in most of these areas. The paper discusses the global picture, the supply situation in the Middle East, Africa, the North Sea, and South America.

  12. Mashreq Arab interconnected power system potential for economic energy trading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Shehri, A.M.; El-Amin, I.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

    1994-12-01

    The Mashreq Arab countries covered in this study are Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. A feasibility study for the interconnection of the electrical networks of the Mashreq Arab countries, sponsored by the Arab Fund, was completed in June 1992. Each country is served by one utility except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The Mashreq Arab region has a considerable mix of energy resources. Egypt and Syria have some limited amounts of hydropower resources, and the Arabian Gulf region is abundant in fossil fuel reserves. Owing to the differences in energy production costs, a potential exists for substantial energy trading between electric utilities in the region. The major objective of this project is to study the feasibility of electric energy trading between the Mashreq Arab countries. The basis, assumptions, and methodologies on which this energy trading study is based relate to the results and conclusions arising out of the previous study, power plant characteristics and costs, assumptions on economic parameters, rules for economy energy exchange, etc. This paper presents the basis, methodology, and major findings of the study.

  13. International energy indicators. [Statistical tables and graphs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K.

    1980-05-01

    International statistical tables and graphs are given for the following: (1) Iran - Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-April 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia - Crude Oil Capacity, Production, and Shut-in, March 1974-Apr 1980; (3) OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-March 1980; (4) Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, January 1973-February 1980; (5) Oil Stocks - Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (Landed, 1973-1st Quarter, 1980); (6) Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, January 1973-December 1979; (7) USSR Crude Oil Production and Exports, January 1974-April 1980; and (8) Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, January 1973-March 1980. Similar statistical tables and graphs included for the United States include: (1) Imports of Crude Oil and Products, January 1973-April 1980; (2) Landed Cost of Saudi Oil in Current and 1974 Dollars, April 1974-January 1980; (3) US Trade in Coal, January 1973-March 1980; (4) Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-March 1980; and (5) US Energy/GNP Ratio, 1947 to 1979.

  14. International energy indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K.

    1981-02-01

    Extensive data are compiled for energy on the international scene and for the US. Data are indicated from the date given and into 1980 as far as available. Data are given for the international scene on: world crude oil production, 1975-to date; Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974-to date; Saudi Arabia: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974-to date; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974-to date; oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973-to date; petroleum consumption by industrial countries, 1973-to date; USSR crude oil production, 1974-to date; Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, 1973-to date. Data are supplied specifically for the US on US gross imports of crude oil and products, 1973-to date; landed cost of Saudi crude in current and 1974 dollars; US trade in bituminous coal, 1973-to date; summary of US merchandise trade, 1976-to date; and energy/GNP ratio.

  15. Climate Change Policy in Israel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    decision called for the establishment of an interministerial committee on formulating a national plan for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in order to help meet this...

  16. U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Desalination plants use source water and energy input flows to produce output flows of high-quality water as well as waste brines. In addition, the fact that water, unlike ...

  17. U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge...

    Energy Savers

    Both countries are interested in improving the energy performance, efficiency, and flexibility of desalination systems to increase the options for water provisioning in ...

  18. Earth shelter performance and evaluation proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, L.L. (ed.)

    1983-01-01

    Papers from 16 states, plus New South Wales, Australia, Alberta, Canada, and the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia were presented in the conference. About one-third of the papers are authored by architects, nearly one-half by engineers, and the remainder are mainly by building contractors. Slightly over half of the authors are associated with universities, of which 13 are represented. The scale of the projects discussed varies from domestic, to commercial, to institutional; with an increased emphasis on passive solar inputs and earth cooling. Of the 32 papers presented, 19 were indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Data Base. (JMT)

  19. Crude imports to U. S. Gulf Coast refineries to accelerate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-27

    The largest crude oil commodity market in the world--the US Gulf Coast--has experienced an important change in recent years. The decline in domestic production and the increase in imports appear destined to accelerate in the coming decades. Latin American countries will continue to be a major source of US imports, and that the shortfall will have to be made up using Middle Eastern crudes, primarily those from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The paper discusses economics, US production, imports, and future trends.

  20. SREL Reprint #3320

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    20 Development of microsatellite markers for globally distributed populations of the threatened silky shark, Carcharhinus falciformis J. R. O’Bryhim1,2, J. Spaet3, J. R. Hyde4, K. L. Jones5, D. H. Adams6, and S. L. Lance1 1Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802, USA 2Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA 3Red Sea Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

  1. Adventures in Infectious Diseases

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Fisher-Hoch, Susan [University of Texas School of Public Health

    2014-06-25

    Dr. Susan Fisher-Hoch, Virologist and Epidemiologist, will discuss her research and travels associated with viral hemorrhagic fevers. From the Ebola outbreak in Reston, Virginia to outbreaks of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in South Africa, Senegal, and Saudi Arabia, Dr. Fisher-Hoch has studied and tracked the pathophysiology of these viral diseases. These studies have led her from the Center for Disease Control in the United States, to Lyon, France where she was instrumental in designing, constructing, and rendering operational a laboratory capable of containing some of the world's most dangerous diseases.

  2. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 Table 8. Preliminary Crude Imports by Country of Origin (For the Top 10 Importing Countries of 2014) 1 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Countries 2 2014 Percentage 3 Current Week Last Week Year Ago 2 Years Ago Four-Week Averages 11/11/16 11/4/16 Difference 11/13/15 Percent Change 11/14/14 Percent Change 11/11/16 11/13/15 Percent Change Crude Imports By Country of Origin Canada ......................................... 33.3 3,243 3,206 37 3,061 5.9 2,811 15.4 3,154 2,927 7.8 Saudi Arabia

  3. Weekly Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (ranking

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    based on 2013 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (ranking based on 2013 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Country 10/07/16 10/14/16 10/21/16 10/28/16 11/04/16 11/11/16 View History 1- Canada 3,203 2,945 2,885 3,282 3,206 3,243 2010-2016 2- Saudi Arabia 951 703 983 1,170 1,295

  4. Word Pro - S3

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 3.3c Petroleum Trade: Imports From OPEC Countries (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria a Angola b Ecuador c Iraq Kuwait d Libya e Nigeria f Saudi Arabia d Vene- zuela Other g Total OPEC 1960 Average ...................... a ( ) b ( ) c ( ) 22 182 e ( ) f ( ) 84 911 34 1,233 1965 Average ...................... a ( ) b ( ) c ( ) 16 74 42 f ( ) 158 994 155 1,439 1970 Average ...................... 8 b ( ) c ( ) - 48

  5. Word Pro - S9

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    34 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 9.2 F.O.B. Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ................. W W - 7.81 3.25 - 5.39 3.68 5.43 4.80 1975 Average .................. 10.97 - 11.44 11.82 10.87 - 11.04 10.88 11.34 10.62 1980 Average ..................

  6. 4 oil firms turn secret on reserves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaffer, P.

    1980-04-14

    US oil companies are complying with Saudi Arabia's and Indonesia's request by not revealing the companies' shares of oil reserves, adding to supply uncertainties and increasing the power of the producing countries. The information blackout reduces the reserve estimates filed by Exxon, Mobil, Standard Oil of California, and Texaco with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which plans to deal with the reporting problem on a case-by-case basis. Unless the companies decide the information can be disclosed to DOE's Financial Reporting System, a legal battle will ensue. A summary of reserve reports indicates a trend in declining production relative to new discoveries as well. (DCK)

  7. Fact #733: June 25, 2012 World's Top Petroleum-Producing Countries |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 3: June 25, 2012 World's Top Petroleum-Producing Countries Fact #733: June 25, 2012 World's Top Petroleum-Producing Countries In 2011, total world petroleum production was 84.7 million barrels per day. Saudi Arabia, Russia and the United States were by far the top petroleum producing countries with 11.1, 10.2, and 9.0 million barrels per day respectively. Iran was the fourth largest producer of petroleum with about 4 million barrels per day. The United States' neighbors

  8. SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 1. Project summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-12-30

    A summary of the Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project is presented. The design of the greenhouses include transparent double pane glass roof with channels for fluid between the panes, inner pane tinted and double pane extruded acrylic aluminized mylar shade and diffuser. Solar energy technologies provide power for water desalination, for pumping irrigation water, and for cooling and heating the controlled environment space so that crops can grow in arid lands. The project is a joint effort between the United States and Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

  9. H. R. 5916: A Bill to require the President of the United States to use the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in the event of a domestic energy supply shortage, to amend the Energy Policy and Conservation Act and the Export Administration Act of 1979 to prohibit the exportation of refined petroleum products except under certain circumstances, and for other purposes, introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session, October 24, 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The bill amends the Energy Policy and Conservation Act by making mandatory the use of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in the event of a domestic energy supply shortage. The restriction on the export of refined petroleum products refers to gasoline, kerosene, heating oils, jet fuel, diesel fuel, residual fuel oil, propane, butane, and any natural liquid or natural gas liquid product refined within the US or entered for consumption within the US. The bill also describes the appointment of special investigator to investigate possible gouging and market manipulation by oil companies and the sense of Congress concerning the cost of deployment and maintenance of United States troops in Saudi Arabia.

  10. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  11. Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011 Year Persian Gulf 2 Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries Total Net Imports Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption 5 Net Imports From OPEC 1 Algeria Nigeria Saudi Arabia 3 Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Mexico United Kingdom Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Total Non-OPEC 4 Share of Total Net Imports 6 Share of Consumption 7 Thousand Barrels Percent 1960 NA [8] [9] 30,786 333,046 450,799 31,454 -620 -4,267 12,553 139,406

  12. SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Exxon Research and Engineering. System design final report, Volume 1. Design description seawater feed (System A)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    The design of a solar powered water desalination system is presented. Design data including insolation and climate of the Yanbu, Saudi Arabia site are included. Two solar desalination designs were developed including: (1) a conceptual baseline plant powered by a solar central receiver-heliostat field, and (2) a pilot plant that demonstrates and evaluates the design features of the baseline plant. The desalination process involves a hybrid reverse osmosis/multiple effect distillation process. The performance and economics of the design plants are analyzed. (BCS)

  13. TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    1. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 53,500 1,139 2,258 115 625 0 0 1,267 0 0 Algeria ...................................... 0 1,139 1,174 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 7,822 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 44,568 0 1,084 0 625 0 0 443 0 0 Other

  14. TABLE22.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    2. PAD District I-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 6,171 845 0 115 625 0 0 824 0 0 Algeria ....................................... 0 845 0 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Saudi Arabia .............................. 6,171 0 0 0 625 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 13,975 0 280 588 1,644 776 715 2,024 3 0 Nigeria ....................................... 8,825 0 0 0 0 0 0 166 0 0 Venezuela

  15. TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3. PAD District II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,253 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 4,966 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 4,136 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 540 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 3,596 0 0

  16. TABLE24.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    4. PAD District III-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 38,701 294 2,258 0 0 0 0 443 0 0 Algeria ....................................... 0 294 1,174 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ........................................ 5,270 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia .............................. 33,431 0 1,084 0 0 0 0 443 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 41,555 0 1,652 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria

  17. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    PAD District V PAD District IV January 1998 Non OPEC .................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Total .............................................. 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Arab OPEC .................................. 2,409 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,299 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia

  18. Comparing Photosynthetic and Photovoltaic Efficiencies and Recognizing the

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Company Level Imports With Data for August 2016 | Release Date: October 31, 2016 | Next Release Date: November 30, 2016 | XLS Previous Issues Month: August 2016 July 2016 June 2016 May 2016 April 2016 March 2016 February 2016 January 2016 previous issues Go August 2016 Import Highlights Monthly data on the origins of crude oil imports in August 2016 show that two countries, Canada and Saudi Arabia, exported more than one million barrels per day (b/d) to the United States (see table below). The

  19. U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Bodman Completes Middle East Trip U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip November 20, 2005 - 2:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman concluded his four-nation swing through the Middle East this weekend, by attending the inauguration of the New Permanent Headquarter Office Building of the International Energy Forum (IEF) Secretariat and participating in a number of bilateral meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. "This trip allowed me

  20. Contact Us - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Company Level Imports With Data for August 2016 | Release Date: October 31, 2016 | Next Release Date: November 30, 2016 | XLS Previous Issues Month: August 2016 July 2016 June 2016 May 2016 April 2016 March 2016 February 2016 January 2016 previous issues Go August 2016 Import Highlights Monthly data on the origins of crude oil imports in August 2016 show that two countries, Canada and Saudi Arabia, exported more than one million barrels per day (b/d) to the United States (see table below). The

  1. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    based on 2013 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (ranking based on 2013 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Country 10/07/16 10/14/16 10/21/16 10/28/16 11/04/16 11/11/16 View History 1- Canada 3,203 2,945 2,885 3,282 3,206 3,243 2010-2016 2- Saudi Arabia 951 703 983 1,170 1,295

  2. Energy & Financial Markets - Crudeoil - U.S. Energy Information

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Administration (EIA) Non-OECD Oil consumption in developing countries that are not part of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has risen sharply in recent years. While oil consumption in the OECD countries declined between 2000 and 2010, non-OECD oil consumption increased more than 40 percent. China, India, and Saudi Arabia had the largest growth in oil consumption among the countries in the non-OECD during this period. Economic growth has a strong impact on oil

  3. Energy & Financial Markets - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) -

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Non-OECD Oil consumption in developing countries that are not part of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has risen sharply in recent years. While oil consumption in the OECD countries declined between 2000 and 2010, non-OECD oil consumption increased more than 40 percent. China, India, and Saudi Arabia had the largest growth in oil consumption among the countries in the non-OECD during this period. Economic growth has

  4. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011 Total, OPEC, and Non-OPEC By Selected Country Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption Net Imports From OPEC 132 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Note: OPEC=Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Source: Table 5.7. OPEC Non-OPEC Saudi Arabia Canada and Mexico 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Million Barrels per Day 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995

  5. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Year Persian Gulf 2 Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries Total Net Imports Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption 5 Net Imports From OPEC 1 Algeria Nigeria Saudi Arabia 3 Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Mexico United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Total Non-OPEC 4 Share of Total Net Imports 6 Share of Consumption 7 Thousand Barrels per Day Percent 1960 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 84 910 1,232 86

  6. Nancy M. Haegel - Curriculum Vitae

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Fulbright Award, Hebrew University, Israel Professional activity (* indicates ... Hebrew University, Open University of Israel, Ben Gurion University, Israel Physics ...

  7. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M.; Chimblo, R.

    1995-08-01

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  8. U.S. Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2,580 2,501 2,071 2,129 1,897 2,086 1973-2015 Persian Gulf 17 13 16 15 24 19 1993-2015 OPEC* 354 347 240 227 232 221 1993-2015 Algeria 182 181 122 86 104 105 1993-2015 Angola 10 11 11 14 15 13 1994-2015 Ecuador 2 2 4 4 2 5 1993-2015 Gabon 0 1 1 2 2 1993-2015 Indonesia 4 1 2 5 5 5 1993-2015 Iraq 0 0 2004-2013 Kuwait 1 1 2 2 2 0 1993-2015 Libya 27 6 5 15 2 4 2004-2015 Nigeria 39 51 36 42 34 26 1993-2015 Qatar 1 1 5 7 9 8 1995-2015 Saudi Arabia 14 8 4 4 7 7 1993-2015 United Arab Emirates 1 3 3 1 0

  9. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  10. Word Pro - S11

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    70 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 11.1a World Crude Oil Production: Selected OPEC Members (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria Angola Ecuador Indo- nesia Iran Iraq Kuwait a Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia a United Arab Emirates Vene- zuela Total OPEC b 1973 Average ................ 1,097 162 209 1,339 5,861 2,018 3,020 2,175 2,054 570 7,596 1,533 3,366 R 31,150 1975 Average ................ 983 165 161 1,307 5,350 2,262 2,084 1,480 1,783 438

  11. Word Pro - S9

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 9.3 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ............... W 5.33 W - 9.08 5.37 - 5.99 5.91 6.85 5.64 1975 Average ................ 11.81 12.84 - 12.61 12.70 12.50 - 12.36 12.64 12.70 12.70 1980 Average ................ 34.76 30.11 W 31.77 37.15 29.80 35.68 25.92 30.59 33.56 33.99 1985

  12. Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

  13. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  14. Another slow year

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-08-01

    This article is a review of the petroleum activity in the Middle East. The article is accompanied by a detailed color map showing the activity in the area. Highlights of the article include the fact that Saudi Arabia's drilling and development activity has sunk to its lowest level in many years. The article also points out that discoveries are increasing production in North and South Yemen as well as in Syria. The article also highlights the fact that Qatar is beginning work on its massive North gas field in the Gulf. Also attention is paid to the effects of the Iranian and Iraq war on each other's oil and gas activities. The article also mentions the drilling activity of Dubai and Oman.

  15. OPEC production: Untapped reserves, world demand spur production expansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. )

    1994-05-02

    To meet projected world oil demand, almost all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have embarked on ambitious capacity expansion programs aimed at increasing oil production capabilities. These expansion programs are in both new and existing oil fields. In the latter case, the aim is either to maintain production or reduce the production decline rate. However, the recent price deterioration has led some major OPEC producers, such as Saudi Arabia and Iran, to revise downward their capacity plans. Capital required for capacity expansion is considerable. Therefore, because the primary source of funds will come from within each OPEC country, a reasonably stable and relatively high oil price is required to obtain enough revenue for investing in upstream projects. This first in a series of two articles discusses the present OPEC capacity and planned expansion in the Middle East. The concluding part will cover the expansion plans in the remaining OPEC countries, capital requirements, and environmental concerns.

  16. Midwest (PADD 2) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History All Countries 541,439 604,817 670,834 718,478 764,835 812,181 1981-2015 Persian Gulf 20,913 18,297 11,397 14,291 12,302 12,559 1993-2015 OPEC* 59,140 28,181 15,713 14,841 12,302 12,559 1993-2015 Algeria 29,969 8,429 4,074 380 1993-2015 Angola 4,619 1,012 1993-2011 Ecuador 1993-2007 Gabon 72 1995-2012 Iraq 101 2,654 1995-2011 Kuwait 949 1995-2013 Libya 2005-2009 Nigeria 3,401 1993-2010 Qatar 2 1995-2015 Saudi Arabia 20,812 15,643 11,397 13,342 12,302

  17. Midwest (PADD 2) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History All Countries 74,799 65,198 63,812 59,575 64,573 71,666 1981-2016 Persian Gulf 1,199 2,627 1,100 802 1,120 804 1993-2016 OPEC* 1,199 2,627 1,100 802 1,120 804 1993-2016 Algeria 1993-2015 Angola 1993-2011 Ecuador 1993-2007 Gabon 1995-2012 Iraq 1995-2011 Kuwait 1995-2013 Libya 2005-2009 Nigeria 1993-2010 Qatar 1 1 1 1995-2016 Saudi Arabia 1,199 2,626 1,100 801 1,119 804 1993-2016 Venezuela 1993-2013 Non OPEC* 73,600 62,571 62,712 58,773 63,453

  18. Wind resource assessment: A three year experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Abbadi, N.M.; Alawaji, S.H.; Eugenio, N.N.

    1997-12-31

    This paper presents the results of data collected from three different sites located in the central, northern and eastern region of Saudi Arabia. Each site is geographically and climatologically different from the others. Statistical moments and frequency distributions were generated for the wind speed and direction parameters to analyse the wind energy characteristics and its availability. The results of these statistical operations present the wind power and energy density estimates of the three sites. The data analysis presented a prospect of wind energy conversion and utilization. The annual extractable energy density is 488, 890, 599 kWh/m{sup 2} for the central, northern and eastern sites respectively. Also, the paper demonstrates the lessons learned from operating wind assessment stations installed in remote areas having different environmental characteristics.

  19. National Geothermal Academy. Geo-Heat Center Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 2 (Complete Bulletin). A Quarterly Progress and Development Report on the Direct Utilization of Geothermal Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Tonya; Maddi, Phillip

    2012-08-01

    The National Geothermal Academy (NGA) is an intensive 8-week overview of the different aspects involved in developing a geothermal project, hosted at University of Nevada, Reno. The class of 2012 was the second graduating class from the academy and included 21 students from nine states, as well as Saudi Arabia, Dominica, India, Trinidad, Mexico. The class consisted of people from a wide range of scholastic abilities from students pursuing a Bachelor’s or Master’s degrees, to entrepreneurs and professionals looking to improve their knowledge in the geothermal field. Students earned 6 credits, either undergraduate or graduate, in engineering or geology. Overall, the students of the NGA, although having diverse backgrounds in engineering, geology, finance, and other sciences, came together with a common passion to learn more about geothermal.

  20. The Gulf War and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

    1994-01-01

    The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

  1. Metallurgical characterization of brass objects from the Akko 1 shipwreck, Israel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashkenazi, D.; Cvikel, D.; Stern, A.; Klein, S.; Kahanov, Y.

    2014-06-01

    The Akko 1 shipwreck was a small Egyptian armed vessel or auxiliary naval brig built in the eastern Mediterranean at the beginning of the 19th century. During the underwater excavations, about 230 brass hook-and-eye closures were found, mainly in the bow area. In addition, 158 brass cases were found, mainly between midships and the aft extremity of the shipwreck. Metallurgical non-destructive and destructive characterizations of selected items were performed, including radiographic testing, XRF, lead isotope analysis, optical microscopy, SEM–EDS and microhardness tests. The hook-and-eye closures and the cases were both found to be made of binary copper–zinc alloy (about 30 wt.% zinc). While the brass cases were made from rolled sheets, hand-made using simple tools, and joined by tin–lead soldering material, the brass hook-and-eye closures were hand-made from drawn brass wire, and manufactured from commercial drawn brass bars by a cold-working process. The lead isotope analyses suggest different provenances of the raw materials used for making the brass objects, thus the different origins of the ores may hint that the brass wire and sheet were imported to the workshops in which the objects were manufactured. - Highlights: • Brass cases and hook-and-eye closures were retrieved from the Akko 1 shipwreck. • Both types of objects were made of binary copper–zinc alloy (about 30 wt.% zinc). • The cases were hand-made from rolled sheets and joined by tin–lead soldering. • Hook-and-eye closures were made from drawn brass wire manufactured by cold-working. • Lead isotope analyses suggest that the origins of the raw material were diverse.

  2. Cross-sectional health study in polluted and nonpolluted agricultural settlements in Israel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goren, A.I.; Brenner, S.; Hellmann, S.

    1988-08-01

    During the summer of 1984 a health survey was carried out among the population of six rural settlements, three in a polluted and three in a low polluted area. Residents of these settlements between 6 and 65 years of age filled out an ATS-NHLI health questionnaire and performed the following pulmonary function tests (PFT): FVC, FEV/sub 1/, FEV/sub 1//FVC, PEF, FEF/sub 50/, and FEF/sub 75/. A trend of higher prevalence of reported respiratory symptoms and diseases characterizes children growing up in a polluted rural as compared with a low polluted rural area. The relative risks (calculated from logistic models) for children from the polluted area to have sputum with cold is 2.13, cough accompanied by sputum 3.89, and for their siblings to have respiratory diseases 3.02, as compared with 1.00 in the low polluted area. A trend of lower PFT characterizes children from the polluted area, with significantly reduced PEF. The trends for adults in the two areas were similar to those for the children. The relative risks for adults from the polluted area to have sputum is 1.7 and cough accompanied by sputum 2.6, as compared with 1.0 in the low polluted area. PEF is significantly lower among adults from the polluted area, while FEF/sub 50/ and FEF/sub 75/ are lower (not significantly) among adults from the low polluted area.

  3. "ALON ISRAEL OIL COMPANY LTD",820,16,"ALON BAKERSFIELD OPERATING...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... per stream day)",169000 "CHEVRON CORP",820,16,"CHEVRON USA ... INC",820,16,"Flint Hills Resources ... stream day)",40300 "BLACK ELK REFINING ...

  4. DLC+VIT4IP (Smart Grid Project) (Israel) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    applications. These shall include the existing power distribution network for novel services in smart electricity distribution networks such as demand side management,...

  5. Political dynamics of economic sanctions: a case study of Arab oil embargoes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daoudi, M.S.

    1981-01-01

    The general question is considered of the effectiveness of economic sanctions in international politics, in terms of the Arabs' use of oil as a political weapon in 1956, 1967, and 1973. Chapter 3 focuses on the impact of the interruption of oil supplies to Western Europe throughout the 1956 Suez crisis. By 1967, pressure on the conservative governing elites of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Libya, and the Gulf Sheikdoms obliged these states to join Iraq and Algeria in imposing production cutbacks and an embargo. Yet the conservative regimes' ties to the West, and the control exerted by multinational oil corporations over all phases of their oil industry, insured that the embargo was not enforced. Chapter 4 explains historically how, by the late 1960s, relinquishment of old concessions, nationalization acts, and participation agreements had caused a decline in the multinationals' domination of the oil industry. The rise of OPEC and OAPEC, which by 1970 had united and organized the producing governments, channeled their demands, and created an international forum for their political grievances, is discussed. Chapter 5 considers how by 1973 international and Arab political developments had forced states like Saudi Arabia, which had sought to dissociate oil and politics, to unsheathe the oil weapon and wave it in the faces of their Western allies. The author concludes from analysis of these complex cases that scholarship has exaggerated the inefficacy of sanctions. The effectiveness of sanctions is seen to depend upon how the demands are formulated and presented and to what extent they can be negotiated, as well as upon the sociopolitical, cultural, and psychological characteristics of the target population.

  6. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of work by a scientific team led by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and ... About Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center is a ...

  7. New global HIV vaccine design shows promise in monkeys

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of work by a scientific team led by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and ... About Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center is a ...

  8. Assessing world energy in the wake of the Iran/Iraq war: an oil shortage proves elusive. [Monograph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Randol, W.L.; Verleger, P.K. Jr.; Clayman, M.

    1981-01-01

    A reassessment of world energy supplies was made in the wake of curtailed exports during the Iran/Iraq war and the corresponding increase in world oil prices, the drop in oil consumption, the widening economic recession, and US decontrol of oil. The report concludes that present worldwide levels of oil production are adequate to satisfy projected levels of consumption through 1981. This leaves the world energy system in balance even if oil exports from Iran and Iraq remain at minimal levels for the year. Past overestimation of demand makes it more likely that this year's consumption will fall short of the projection. The way in which Saudi Arabia's output is cut will be the key to oil pricing in 1981, the authors feel, but the likely approach will be a gradual reduction in production that will allow the Saudis to regain control of OPEC. The effects of a receding demand for oil have been intensified by high US interest rates and the spreading recession. The effect of immediate decontrol of petroleum is likely to compound the trend for reduced consumption and a corresponding increase in efficiency. 2 figures, 2 tables.

  9. Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and diseases in schoolchildren living in a polluted and in a low polluted area in Israel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goren, A.I.; Hellmann, S.

    1988-02-01

    Second and fifth grade schoolchildren living in two communities with different levels of air pollution were studied. The parents of these children filled out ATS-NHLI health questionnaires. The prevalence of reported respiratory symptoms and pulmonary diseases was found to be significantly higher among children growing up in the polluted community (Ashdod) as compared with the low-pollution area (Hadera). Logistic models fitted for the respiratory conditions which differed significantly between both areas of residence also included background variables that could be responsible for these differences. Relative risk values, which were calculated from the logistic models, were in the range of 1.47 for cough without cold to 2.66 for asthma for children from Ashdod, as compared with 1.00 for children from Hadera.

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  11. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  12. Table 30. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  13. EnStorage Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: EnStorage Inc Place: Israel Zip: 30900 Product: Israel-based energy storage technology developer, developing a regenerative fuel cell energy storage...

  14. Vertical microphysical profiles of convective clouds as a tool...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Affiliations Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem (Israel) Publication Date: 2015-12-23 OSTI ... Research Org: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel) Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of ...

  15. Rand Solar Energy Systems | Open Energy Information

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    Rand Solar Energy Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rand Solar Energy Systems Place: Petach Tikva, Israel Zip: 49130 Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based manufacturer and...

  16. Energy Department Announces Six Clean Energy Projects through...

    Energy Savers

    Clean Energy Projects through Partnership with Israel Energy Department Announces Six Clean Energy Projects through Partnership with Israel November 23, 2015 - 10:02am Addthis NEWS ...

  17. Energy Secretary Chu and HUD Secretary Donovan to Hold Press...

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    Congressman Steve Israel will also join the event. WHAT: Press conference to unveil new ... U.S. Housing and Urban Development Secretary Shaun Donovan Congressman Steve Israel WHEN: ...

  18. INSTITUTE COLLOQUIA AND SEMINARS

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    Hass, The Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, Israel A New Precision Measurement of the 7 Be ... Yigal Ronen, Ben Gurion University Beer-Sheva, Israel Space Travel: Science or Fiction? ...

  19. Protons Hog the Momentum in Neutron-Rich Nuclei | Jefferson Lab

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    ... According to Or Hen, a graduate student at Tel Aviv University in Israel and the paper's ... the U.S. National Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation, Chilean Comisin ...

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    S.A. Gurvitz, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel Confinement and Scaling ... S.A. Gurvitz, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel Confinement and Scaling ...

  1. Experimental Highlights - 2015

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    ... Dov Shvarts and Yoni Elbaz, Nuclear Research Center Negev (NRCN), Israel; M. Fraenkel and A. Zigler, Soreq Nuclear Research Center, Israel; Carolyn Kuranz and Paul Drake, Univ. ...

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    NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURES OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL CONCERNING ENERGY COOPERATION The ... National Infrastructures) of the State of Israel, hereinafter collectively the "Parties", ...

  3. SolarEdge Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: SolarEdge Technologies Inc Place: Hod Hasharon, Israel Zip: 45240 Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based startup developing a power control system for solar systems,...

  4. Housing and Construction Holding Company | Open Energy Information

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    Housing and Construction Holding Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Housing and Construction Holding Company Place: Ramat-Gan, Israel Zip: 52215 Product: Israel-based...

  5. Energy News | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2015 Energy Department Announces Six Clean Energy Projects through Partnership with Israel U.S. Department of Energy and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and...

  6. Zenith Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Zenith Solar Ltd Place: Qiryat Gat, Israel Zip: 82000 Product: Israel-based developers of a HCPV - highly concentrator PV system for residential and industrial use. References:...

  7. Safesky Software | Open Energy Information

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    Safesky Software Jump to: navigation, search Name: Safesky Software Place: Israel Product: Israel-based innovative technologies company References: Safesky Software1 This article...

  8. Xjet Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Xjet Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Xjet Ltd Place: Rehevot, Israel Zip: 76701 Product: Israel-based manufacturer of deposition equipment for next generation PV cells....

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    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Arava Power Company (APC) Ltd Place: DN Eilot, Israel Zip: 88840 Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based solar developer. Subsidiary of Global...

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    Energies Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Amcor Solar Energies Ltd Place: Ashdod, Israel Zip: 77136 Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based subsidiary of the Ashtrom Group,...

  11. Paz Solar | Open Energy Information

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    Paz Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Paz Solar Place: Israel Product: Israel-based engineering and installation contractor. References: Paz Solar1 This article is a stub....

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    Shirasol Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shirasol Ltd Place: Tel Aviv, Israel Zip: 69395 Sector: Solar Product: Implementation of PV modulles and arrays in Israel. They...

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    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: SolarPower Ltd Place: Netanya, Israel Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based designer, supplier and installer of solar energy systems....

  14. Silurian shale origin for light oil, condensate, and gas in Algeria and the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zumberge, J.E. ); Macko, S. ) Engel, M. )

    1996-01-01

    Two of the largest gas fields in the world, Hasi R'Mel, Algeria and North Dome, Qatar, also contain substantial condensate and light oil reserves. Gas to source rock geochemical correlation is difficult due to the paucity of molecular parameters in the former although stable isotope composition is invaluable. However, by correlating source rocks with light oils and condensates associated with gas production using traditional geochemical parameters such as biomarkers and isotopes, a better understanding of the origin of the gas is achieved. Much of the crude oil in the Ghadames/Illizi Basins of Algeria has long been thought to have been generated from Silurian shales. New light oil discoveries in Saudi Arabia have also been shown to originate in basal euxinic Silurian shales. Key sterane and terpane biomarkers as well as the stable carbon isotopic compositions of the C15+ saturate and aromatic hydrocarbon fractions allow for the typing of Silurian-sourced, thermally mature light oils in Algeria and the Middle East. Even though biomarkers are often absent due to advanced thermal maturity, condensates can be correlated to the light oils using (1) carbon isotopes of the residual heavy hydrocarbon fractions, (2) light hydrocarbon distributions (e.g., C7 composition), and (3) compound specific carbon isotopic composition of the light hydrocarbons. The carbon isotopes of the C2-C4 gas components ran then be compared to the associated condensate and light oil isotopic composition.

  15. Silurian shale origin for light oil, condensate, and gas in Algeria and the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zumberge, J.E.; Macko, S. Engel, M.

    1996-12-31

    Two of the largest gas fields in the world, Hasi R`Mel, Algeria and North Dome, Qatar, also contain substantial condensate and light oil reserves. Gas to source rock geochemical correlation is difficult due to the paucity of molecular parameters in the former although stable isotope composition is invaluable. However, by correlating source rocks with light oils and condensates associated with gas production using traditional geochemical parameters such as biomarkers and isotopes, a better understanding of the origin of the gas is achieved. Much of the crude oil in the Ghadames/Illizi Basins of Algeria has long been thought to have been generated from Silurian shales. New light oil discoveries in Saudi Arabia have also been shown to originate in basal euxinic Silurian shales. Key sterane and terpane biomarkers as well as the stable carbon isotopic compositions of the C15+ saturate and aromatic hydrocarbon fractions allow for the typing of Silurian-sourced, thermally mature light oils in Algeria and the Middle East. Even though biomarkers are often absent due to advanced thermal maturity, condensates can be correlated to the light oils using (1) carbon isotopes of the residual heavy hydrocarbon fractions, (2) light hydrocarbon distributions (e.g., C7 composition), and (3) compound specific carbon isotopic composition of the light hydrocarbons. The carbon isotopes of the C2-C4 gas components ran then be compared to the associated condensate and light oil isotopic composition.

  16. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  17. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  18. U.S. energy flow -- 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

    1995-12-01

    Energy consumption in 1994 increased for the fourth year in a row, reaching an all-time high. It was associated with a robust economy, low inflation, and low unemployment rates. Of the populous states, California lagged substantially behind the national recovery. Consumption in all major end-use sectors reached historic highs. Transmission of electrical power by the utilities increased almost 3%. However, this understates the increase of the total amount of electricity used in the nation because the amount of electricity used ``in-house`` by a growing number of self-generators is unrecorded. Imports of both fossil fuels and electricity increased. About half of the total oil consumed was imported, with Saudi Arabia being the principal supplier. Domestic oil production continued to decline; however, the sharp decline in Alaskan production was slowed. The increase in the demand for natural gas was met by both a modest increase in domestic production and imports from Canada, which comprised 10% of supply. The residential/commercial sector is the largest single consumer of natural gas; however, use by electric generators has increased annually for the past decade. The regulated utilities increased their consumption 11% in 1994. The year was noteworthy for the US nuclear power industry. Work was halted on the last nuclear power plant under construction in the country. Because of the retirement of aged and poorly performing nuclear plants and because of improved efficiencies, the capacity factor for the remaining 109 operable plants reached a record 74%.

  19. Update: US oil-import market. 1982 top 7 suppliers to US import market: how their shares changed since 1973

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-03-09

    This issue updates the Energy Detente 7/09/82, which tracked US oil imports since the Arab Oil Embargo. Since then, the phrase oil glut became common even among cautious market analysts as many exporters, hard-pressed for petrodollars, produced much more than the market was prepared to absorb. To examine how the US import market has adjusted to this continued buyers market, the top seven suppliers of 1982 are tracked backwards through time. A graph shows the 1982 reversal of Mexico's and Saudi Arabia's positions in this market. The three main reasons for Mexico's strong present position in the US market are: crude costs and corresponding refined value; proximity to US refining centers; and strategic importance of Mexico's economic stability through oil sales. Interviews with various US refiners and other market observers confirm that these elements will persist during 1983, regardless of significant price cuts among OPEC and other producers. It is believed that the profitability of running heavy Maya crude in sophisticated plants will continue to look optimistic, and that Mexican crude sales to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve implies US government interest in Mexico's economic recovery, and in its stability in the light of civil wars being waged in Central America. This issue presents the Energy Detente (1) fuel price/tax series and (2) industrial fuel prices for March 1983 for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere. 6 figures, 8 tables.

  20. Super-giant oil fields and future prospects in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christian, L.; Johnston, D.

    1995-06-01

    Upper Jurassic carbonates, Lower Cretaceous sands, Lower Cretaceous carbonates and Tertiary carbonates of the Middle East contain more than 50% of the worlds oil. Our area of interest covers SE Turkey and Syria in the north to the borders of Yemen and Oman in the south, and from the Red Sea across Saudi Arabia, the Emirates and the Arabian/Persian Gulf to Iran in the East. There are over 80 fields in this region with over 1 billion barrels of recoverable reserves. Yet only around 30,000 wells have been drilled in this territory. Regional structure and stratigraphy are discussed within the context of three major plays in the region as well as a new play in the Permo-Carboniferous. Numerous opportunities are available and countries such as Iraq and Iran may one day open their doors more to the industry than is presently the case. The dramatic petroleum geology of the region will stamp its influence on the nature of business and opportunities for years to come. While fiscal systems here already offer some of the toughest terms in the world, future deals in the more prolific areas will be even tougher. But, the economies of Middle Eastern scale will provide some of the great mega-opportunities of future international exploration.

  1. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  2. Late Precambrian-Cambrian sediments of Huqf group, Sultanate of Oman

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorin, G.E.; Racz, L.G.; Walter, M.R.

    1982-12-01

    The Huqf Group is the oldest known sedimentary sequence overlying crystalline basement in the Sultanate of Oman. It crops out on a broad regional high, the Huqf Axis, which forms a dominating structural element on the southeastern edge of the Arabian peninsula. Subsurface and outcrop evidence within and outside of Oman suggests that the sediments of the Huqf Group lie within the age span of late Precambrian to Early-Middle Cambrian. The Huqf Group is subdivided into five formations corresponding to an alternation of clastics (Abu Mahara and Shuram Formations) and carbonates (Khufai and Buah Formations) deposited in essentially shallow marine to supratidal (or fluviatile) conditions and terminated by an evaporitic sequence (Ara Formation). Evaporites are absent on the Huqf Axis, but they are thickly developed to the west over a large part of southern and central Oman, where they acted as the major structure former of most of Oman's fields, and even locally pierced up to the surface. Regional correlations suggest that the predominantly carbonate-evaporitic facies of the Huqf Group was widely distributed in late Precambrian-Early Cambrian time: the Huqf basin is tentatively considered part of a belt of evaporitic basins and intervening carbonate platforms, which stretched across the Pangea landmass from the Indian subcontinent (Salt Range of Pakistan) through South Yemen, Oman, and Saudi Arabia into the gulf states and Iran (Hormuz Series and carbonate platform north of the Zagros).

  3. Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

    1988-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  4. Big questions cloud Iraq's future role in world oil market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1992-03-09

    This paper reports that Iraq raises questions for the world oil market beyond those frequently asked about when and under what circumstances it will resume exports. Two wars since 1981 have obscured encouraging results from a 20 year exploration program that were only beginning to come to light when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. Those results indicate the country might someday be able to produce much more than the 3.2 million b/d it was flowing before a United Nations embargo blocked exports. If exploratory potential is anywhere near what officials asserted in the late 1980s, and if Iraq eventually turns hospitable to international capital, the country could become a world class opportunity for oil companies as well as an exporter with productive capacity approaching that of Saudi Arabia. But political conditions can change quickly. Under a new, secular regime, Iraq might welcome non-Iraqi oil companies and capital as essential to economic recovery. It's a prospect that warrants a new industry look at what the country has revealed about its geology and exploration history.

  5. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  6. Kohl: A lead-hazardous eye makeup from the third world to the first world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parry, C.; Eaton, J. )

    1991-08-01

    Kohl is a widely used traditional cosmetic. It is mainly worn around the eyes in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. It may be a pervasive source of lead poisoning in those areas and among individuals from those areas who have immigrated to developed nations. Samples of kohl were purchased in Morocco, Mauritania, Great Britain, and the United States. Some of these samples originated from Pakistan, India, and Saudi Arabia. Kohl is widely believed to consist of antimony, but analysis consistently revealed only trace amounts of antimony. Nine of the twenty-two samples tested contained less than 0.6% lead; however, seven samples had lead levels in excess of 50%. The remainder ranged from 3.31 to 37.3%. Third-world-manufactured kohls were purchased in the United States and Britain, suggesting that this hazard is no longer confined to the third world. Those kohls that contained lead were sold in violation of laws on lead in cosmetics in both of these nations. Third-world physicians and health care workers appear to be unaware of possible lead uptake from unsuspected traditionally used items. Physicians in developed nations with patients from Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa need to factor in the possibility of past or present lead intake from unorthodox sources such as kohl.

  7. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    F.O.B.[a] costs of imported crude oil by selected country dollars per barrel Year month Selected countries Persian Gulf[b] Total OPEC[c] Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1996 20.71 21.33 19.14 21.27 19.28 19.43 17.73 19.22 18.94 19.65 1997 18.81 18.85 16.72 19.43 15.16 18.59 15.33 15.24 16.26 17.51 1998 12.11 12.56 10.49 12.97 8.87 12.52 9.31 9.09 10.20 11.21 1999 17.46 17.20 15.89 17.32 17.65 19.14 14.33 17.15 15.90 16.84 2000 27.90 29.04 25.39 28.70

  8. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Landed costs of imported crude oil by selected country dollars per barrel Year month Selected countries Persian Gulf[a] Total OPEC[b] Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1996 21.86 19.94 22.02 19.64 21.95 20.49 20.88 18.59 20.45 20.14 20.47 1997 20.24 17.63 19.71 17.30 20.64 17.52 20.64 16.35 17.44 17.73 18.45 1998 13.37 11.62 13.26 11.04 14.14 11.16 13.55 10.16 11.18 11.46 12.22 1999 18.37 17.54 18.09 16.12 17.63 17.48 18.26 15.58 17.37 16.94

  9. HYDROPHOBIC CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPOSITE INSULATORS IN SIMULATED INLAND ARID DESERT ENVIRONMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, Yasin; Al-Arainy, Abdulrehman Ali; Malik, Nazar Hussain; Qureshi, Muhammad Iqbal

    2010-06-15

    Presently along with traditional insulators i.e. glass and porcelain, etc., the polymeric insulators are also used world widely. These polymeric insulators are very sensitive to various environmental parameters e.g. UV radiations, heat, etc. The UV radiation level in the central region of Saudi Arabia is high as compared to the recommended IEC-61109 standard for the accelerated aging of the composite insulators. In this study, thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) and Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) insulators were subjected to accelerated aging stress as per IEC standard as well as modified IEC standard simulating the inland arid desert's atmospheric conditions. The hydrophobic characteristics were studied by measuring the contact angle along the insulator surface before and after the accelerated aging of the samples. It was found that TPE loses its hydrophobic properties more as compared to EPDM insulator. This loss was proportional to the intensity of UV irradiation. The rate of recovery is also low for both the tested materials as compared to Silicone Rubber insulators.

  10. Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.S.S. )

    1994-07-11

    Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

  11. Mexico: swapping crude for atoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Navarro, B.

    1982-06-24

    Mexico, considered the Saudi Arabia of the Western Hemisphere because of its proven and potential petroleum reserves, has surprised the world: it has embarked on the biggest nuclear-electric program in the Third World, only to postpone it days before scheduled approval of an international bidding (on which the atomic energy industry had pinned its hopes). A graph shows Mexican supplies of electricity by source with official projections to 1990. The point of entrance of the first nuclear reactor, originally scheduled for 1982, won't come onstream until 1983; and how nuclear-generated electricity grows close to 5% of the total in 1990. The big question is, will the future President of Mexico give the green light to the atomic megaproject. And if he does, how will Mexico deal with the serious logistics problems and grave ecological implications confronting the industry worldwide. In this issue, the author and Energy Detente touch on these questions and review the nuclear power status of Mexico, as well as addressing some of its global problems. Also presented in this issue is an update of the fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries.

  12. Gas projects surge in the Middle East as governments seek new revenue sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, M.D.

    1997-02-24

    The rapid development of natural gas and condensate reserves in the Middle East results from a simple motivation: the desire of governments to earn revenues. For the past decade, Middle East governments have run budget deficits, which they funded by drawing down foreign assets and issuing debt. Now in the process of structural economic reform, they have begun to use an under-utilized resource--natural gas, of which Middle East governments own about one third of the world`s reserves. Governments receive revenues from several sources in natural gas developments, which makes the projects very attractive. Revenue comes from the sale of the natural gas in the domestic market and, if exported, the international market; the sale of associated condensates; the additional exports of crude oil or refined products if natural gas is substituted for refined products in domestic markets; the increased sale of crude oil if natural gas is injected into reservoirs to maintain pressure; and the sale of petrochemicals where natural gas is used as feedstock. Large projects under way in the Middle East highlight the consequences of multiple revenue sources and interlinked costs of natural gas and condensate development. Other countries in the region are undertaking similar projects, so examples cited represent only a portion of what is occurring. The paper describes Abu Dhabi, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Iran.

  13. Vapor-side corrosion in thermal desalination plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asrar, N.; Malik, A.U.; Ahmed, S.; Al-Khalidi, M.; Al-Moaili, K.

    1999-04-01

    This article reports the results of vapor-size corrosion monitoring studies carried out in multistage flash (MSF) desal unit No. 100 of Al-Khafji power and Desalination Plant in Saudi Arabia. Corrosion behavior of 70/30 Cu-Ni alloy, carbon steel (CS), and type 316L stainless steel (SS) was studied in vents and in the vapor size of distillers for 2,000, 4,000, and 9,000 h. Analyses of the experimental data indicated that in addition to O{sub 2}, S-containing compounds evolved during flashing of seawater reacted more with Cu-Ni alloy than with CS and type 316L SS. Explanations for comparatively higher corrosion of alloys exposed to the vapors of the first three (1 to 3) and middle (11 to 13) stages of the MSF plant are given with experimental results. Type 316L SS was found to be the alloy most resistant to vapor-side corrosion in all stages of distillers.

  14. Placement and efficiency effects on radiative forcing of solar installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burg, Brian R.; Ruch, Patrick; Paredes, Stephan; Michel, Bruno

    2015-09-28

    The promise for harnessing solar energy being hampered by cost, triggered efforts to reduce them. As a consequence low-efficiency, low-cost photovoltaics (PV) panels prevail. Conversely, in the traditional energy sector efficiency is extremely important due to the direct costs associated to fuels. This also affects solar energy due to the radiative forcing caused by the dark solar panels. In this paper we extend the concept of energy payback time by including the effect of albedo change, which gives a better assessment of the system sustainability. We present an analysis on the short and medium term climate forcing effects of different solar collectors in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and demonstrate that efficiency is important to reduce the collector area and cost. This also influences the embodied energy and the global warming potential. We show that a placement of a high concentration photovoltaic thermal solar power station outside of the city using a district cooling system has a double beneficial effect since it improves the solar conversion efficiency and reduces the energy demand for cooling in the city. We also explain the mechanisms of the current economic development of solar technologies and anticipate changes.

  15. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 5.20 Value of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 (Billion Dollars 1 ) Year Persian Gulf 3 Selected OPEC 2 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 2 Countries Total 5 Kuwait Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Colombia Mexico Norway United Kingdom Total Non-OPEC 4 1973 1.7 W 1.5 0.9 0.8 5.2 1.9 W - 0.0 0.0 2.4 7.6 1974 4.4 W 3.3 1.9 1.3 11.6 3.3 .0 W - .0 4.1 15.6 1975 5.2 W 3.5 3.2 1.8 14.9 2.8 .0 .3 .1 - 4.1 19.0 1976 8.7 W 5.1 5.8 1.0 22.2 1.8 - .4 .2 W 3.6 25.8

  16. Energy Department Announces Five Clean Energy Projects through BIRD Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Partnership with Israel | Department of Energy Five Clean Energy Projects through BIRD Energy Partnership with Israel Energy Department Announces Five Clean Energy Projects through BIRD Energy Partnership with Israel November 11, 2016 - 1:41pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy, and Water Resources (MIEW), along with the Israel Innovation Authority, announced $4 million for five newly selected clean energy projects as part of

  17. Energy Department Announces Five Clean Energy Projects through BIRD Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Partnership with Israel | Department of Energy Five Clean Energy Projects through BIRD Energy Partnership with Israel Energy Department Announces Five Clean Energy Projects through BIRD Energy Partnership with Israel November 10, 2016 - 4:14pm Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources (MIEW) along with the Israel Innovation Authority today announced

  18. Labor, nationalism, and imperialism in eastern Arabia: Britain, the Shaikhs, and the Gulf oil workers in Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar, 1932-1956

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saleh, H.M.A.

    1991-01-01

    This study examines the lack of a noticeable indigenous labor movement in the contemporary Gulf Arab countries of Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar; it focuses on the emergence, after the discovery of oil, of an industrial Gulf labor force, and on the evolution of the British policy towards oil and Gulf oil workers. The period examined begins with the discovery of oil in Bahrain in 1932 (the first such discovery on the Arab side of the Gulf), and ends with the Suez Crisis of 1956. The latter is a watershed event in Gulf history. It is argued that the Suez Crisis was in large part responsible for the long-term defeat of the indigenous labor movement in the Gulf. Attention is given to the parts played by the British Government of India, the Foreign Office, the local Shaikhs, the Gulf nationalists, and by the workers themselves. Policies towards workers passed through two different periods. In the first, 1932-1945, the Government of India had no direct interest in the Gulf labor situation; in the second, 1946-1956, the Foreign Office took increased interest in the welfare of local oil workers, primarily because of the importance of oil to reconstruction of the British economy after the war. However, the Suez Crisis in 1956 convinced the British to withdraw their support for the workers.

  19. Exceptions to the rules of oil-spill behavior: Case studies of major oil spills of the past twenty years

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayes, M.O.

    1994-11-01

    Studies of major oil spills over the past 20 yr have allowed an evolution of our understanding of how to respond to and remediate the environmental impacts from such spills. There have been a number of spills for which follow-up research has provided major turning points that allowed the development of certain rules of oil-spill behavior. For example, the spill of over 100,000 tons of crude oil by the tanker Urquiola on the coast of Spain in May 1976 demonstrated the importance of hydrodynamic energy level in natural cleanup processes. Research on the spill of over 200,000 tons of crude oil along the coast of France by the tanker Amoco Cadiz in March 1978 allowed a better understanding of the long-term effects of spilled oil on exposed tidal flats and salt marshes. The oil spilled by the tanker Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound, Alaska, in March 1989 impacted many miles of gravel beaches, which were treated by a number of methods, including some innovative berm-relocation techniques. A thorough understanding of the coastal geomorphology and processes of the spill site was essential for the development of meaningful contingency and response plans. Research on the impacts of intertidal habitats of the coast of Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War spill of 1991 indicates that some previously held concepts on oil behavior and fate on shorelines must be revised. One of the best established rules of oil-spill behavior was that the depth of oil penetration on sand beaches and tidal flats increases with increasing sediment grain size. However, no such correlation was found on the Saudi Arabian coast, primarily due to the presence of secondary porosity (e.g., bubble sand, extensive burrows, and gypsum crystals). The oil penetrated to depths of tens of centimeters, even in fine sand, which has significantly slowed natural removal processes and weathering rates. These sediments remained heavily oiled with incipient asphalt pavements forming two years after the spill.

  20. Geochemistry, palynology, and regional geology of worldclass Upper Devonian source rocks in the Madre de Dios basin, Bolivia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, K.E.; Conrad, K.T.; Carpenter, D.G.; Wagner, J.B.

    1996-08-01

    Recent exploration drilling indicates the existence of world-class source rock in the Madre de Dios basin, Bolivia. In the Pando-1 X and -2X wells, over 200 m of poorly bioturbated, organic-rich (TOC = 3-16 wt.%) prodelta to shelf mudstones in the Frasnian-Famennian Tomachi Formation contain oil-prone organic matter (hydrogen index = 400-600 mg HC/g TOC). Our calculated source prolificity indices for this interval in these wells (SPI = 15-18 tons of hydrocarbons per square meter of source rock) exceed that for the Upper Jurassic in Central Saudi Arabia. The Tomachi interval is lithologically equivalent to the Colpacucho Formation in the northern Altiplano, the Iquiri Formation in the Cordillera Oriental, and is coeval with other excellent source rocks in North America, Africa, and Eurasia. All of these rocks were deposited under conditions favorable for accumulation of organic matter, including a global highstand and high productivity. However, the Madre de Dios basin was situated at high latitude during the Late Devonian and some of the deposits are interpreted to be of glacial origin, indicating conditions not generally associated with organic-rich deposition. A biomarker and palynological study of Upper Devonian rocks in the Pando-1X well suggests deposition under conditions similar to certain modern fjords. High productivity resulted in preservation of abundant organic matter in the bottom sediments despite a cold, toxic water column. Low-sulfur crude oil produced from the Pando-1X well is geochemically similar to, but more mature than, extracts from associated organic-rich Tomachi samples, and was generated from deeper equivalents of these rocks.

  1. Environmental considerations for international projects in coastal waters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryan, P.J.; Kubanis, S.A.

    1994-12-31

    From the industrial revolution until the late 1960s, development and the environment were largely viewed as mutually exclusive. In the late 1960s a change in public awareness and attitude emerged, and since the U.N Conference on the Human Environment in 1972 there has been a significant change in the global perception of the relationship between the environment and development. Recognition that renewable resources, such as forests, atmospheric oxygen, and soil, can be harvested indefinitely through sound management practices has led to the current focus on sustainable development. When the National Environmental Policy Act was adopted in 1969, a comprehensive environmental management process was set in place. The impact of these regulations was felt by different industries at different levels, with the initial brunt being borne by the power industry, followed by the petroleum industry. In recent years the mining industry has been heavily impacted. Although industry has been increasingly regulated in the US since 1969, development in many other countries was not subject to environmental review or regulation. In recent years, however, this picture has changed dramatically. Currently, most other industrialized, and many developing countries have environmental laws, regulations, and review processes in place. For example, Indonesia, Thailand, Republic of China, Ecuador, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, and Russia all have environmental laws, standards, and/or review requirements applicable to petroleum and other industrial developments. Most Western European and Pacific Rim countries have environmental standards and review processes in place. In Eastern Europe, Asia and South America, about half of the countries have regulations, and in Africa a small but growing number of countries have some level of environmental regulation.

  2. Iraq: Eastern flank of the Arab world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helms, C.M.

    1984-01-01

    Iraq, holding oil reserves second only to those of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East, is locked in a war with Iran whose outcome will affect Western energy supplies and the prospects for stability in the Arabian Gulf. Yet Iraq even now remains little known to Western governments and publics. This study is intended to enlarge understanding of Iraqi behavior and of the concerns that motivate its leaders. Rather than selecting issues of importance to other countries, the author focuses on the forces that influence policy formulation in Iraq and evokes the perspective from which the Iraqi government itself views its problems and sets its priorities. Part 1 examines the country's evolution into modern Iraq, explaining why problems that have recurred throughout Iraqi history have bedeviled all recent Iraqi governments and created tension between ''Iraq the nation'' and ''Iraq the state.'' Part 2 discusses the Arab Ba'th Socialist party, which has dominated Iraqi political life since 1968. The author neither condemns nor praises this controversial party and its current leader, President Saddam Husain, but seeks to explain why they have adopted the positions and taken the actions that have characterized their rule. Part 3 analyzes the war between Iraq and Iran, its causes, and the decisions Iraq has made in light of its goals and its assumptions about Iran. The author finds that this is not simply ''a war over borders'' but a deeper conflict between Islamic conservatism and Arab nationalism. Looking beyond the war, the final chapter assesses Iraq's potential importance in the Middle East and to the world economy. 8 figs.

  3. OPEC and lower oil prices: Impacts on production capacity, export refining, domestic demand and trade balances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fesharaki, F.; Fridley, D.; Isaak, D.; Totto, L.; Wilson, T.

    1988-12-01

    The East-West Center has received a research grant from the US Department of Energy's Office of Policy, Planning, and Analysis to study the impact of lower oil prices on OPEC production capacity, on export refineries, and petroleum trade. The project was later extended to include balance-of-payments scenarios and impacts on OPEC domestic demand. As the study progressed, a number of preliminary presentations were made at the US Department of Energy in order to receive feedback from DOE officials and to refine the focus of our analysis. During one of the presentations on June 4, 1987, the then Director of Division of Oil and Gas, John Stanley-Miller, advised us to focus our work on the Persian Gulf countries, since these countries were of special interest to the United States Government. Since then, our team has visited Iran, the United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia and obtained detailed information from other countries. The political turmoil in the Gulf, the Iran/Iraq war, and the active US military presence have all worked to delay the final submission of our report. Even in countries where the United States has close ties, access to information has been difficult. In most countries, even mundane information on petroleum issues are treated as national secrets. As a result of these difficulties, we requested a one-year no cost extension to the grant and submitted an Interim Report in May 1988. As part of our grant extension request, we proposed to undertake additional tasks which appear in this report. 20 figs., 21 tabs.

  4. Seismic Velocity Structure and Depth-Dependence of Anisotropy in the Red Sea and Arabian Shield from Surface Wave Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, S; Gaherty, J; Schwartz, S; Rodgers, A; Al-Amri, A

    2007-07-25

    We investigate the lithospheric and upper mantle structure as well as the depth-dependence of anisotropy along the Red Sea and beneath the Arabian Peninsula using receiver function constraints and phase velocities of surface waves traversing two transects of stations from the Saudi Arabian National Digital Seismic Network. Frequency-dependent phase delays of fundamental-mode Love and Rayleigh waves, measured using a cross-correlation procedure, require very slow shear velocities and the presence of anisotropy throughout the upper mantle. Linearized inversion of these data produce path-averaged 1D radially anisotropic models with about 4% anisotropy in the lithosphere, increasing to about 4.8% anisotropy across the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB). Models with reasonable crustal velocities in which the mantle lithosphere is isotropic cannot satisfy the data. The lithospheric lid, which ranges in thickness from about 70 km near the Red Sea coast to about 90 km beneath the Arabian Shield, is underlain by a pronounced low-velocity zone with shear velocities as low as 4.1 km/s. Forward models, which are constructed from previously determined shear-wave splitting estimates, can reconcile surface and body wave observations of anisotropy. The low shear velocity values are similar to many other continental rift and oceanic ridge environments. These low velocities combined with the sharp velocity contrast across the LAB may indicate the presence of partial melt beneath Arabia. The anisotropic signature primarily reflects a combination of plate- and density-driven flow associated with active rifting processes in the Red Sea.

  5. Late Quaternary paleodune deposits in Abu Dhabi Emirate, UAF: Paleoclimatic implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brouwers, E.M.; Bown, T.M. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Hadley, D.G. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

    1993-04-01

    Remnants of late Quaternary paleodunes are exposed near the coast of the Arabian Gulf and in large inland playas and interdunal areas in central and western Abu Dhabi Emirate over a distance of >45 km normal to the coast. Paleodunes occur south of Madinat Zayed (lat. 23[degree]35 N), which marks the northern limit of a modern dune field that grades into the mega-dune sand sea of the ar Rub al Khali, Saudi Arabia. Coastal paleodunes are composed of weakly cemented millolid foraminifers, ooids, and rounded biogenic grains, whereas inland and southward the paleodunes show a progressive increase in the proportion of eolian quartz sand. The paleodunes exhibit large-scale trough foresets in remnant exposures 0.5 to 10 m thick, indicating paleowind directions from 65[degree] to 184[degree] (dominantly southeast transport). Scattered paleoplaya remnants provide paleodune scale. Paleoplaya deposits form buttes 30--50 m high. If coeval with the Paleodunes, large-scale paleodune fields are implied (100+ m high), comparable to star dunes and sand mountains at the northwestern edge of the ar Rub al Khali. Based on U-Th isotopic analyses, the carbonate paleodune sands are >160ka and probably >250ka. The carbonate source was a shallow, nearly dry Arabian Gulf at a time when large areas were exposed during a low sea-level stand. Paleowind direction indicates that Pleistocene prevailing winds were northwesterly, the direction of the dominant (winter shamal) wind today. The geographic extend and implied magnitude of the paleodunes suggest large-scale eolian transport of carbonate sand during the Pleistocene disiccation, and admixed quartz sand identifies a youthful stage of contemporaneous evolution of the ar Rub al Khali. Wave-eroded paleodunes probably floor much of the present-day Gulf and extend beneath the modern dunes and sand mountains.

  6. Performance prediction using geostatistics and window reservoir simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fontanilla, J.P.; Al-Khalawi, A.A.; Johnson, S.G.

    1995-11-01

    This paper is the first window model study in the northern area of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia. It describes window reservoir simulation with geostatistics to model uneven water encroachment in the southwest producing area of the northern portion of the reservoir. In addition, this paper describes performance predictions that investigate the sweep efficiency of the current peripheral waterflood. A 50 x 50 x 549 (240 m. x 260 m. x 0.15 m. average grid block size) geological model was constructed with geostatistics software. Conditional simulation was used to obtain spatial distributions of porosity and volume of dolomite. Core data transforms were used to obtain horizontal and vertical permeability distributions. Simple averaging techniques were used to convert the 549-layer geological model to a 50 x 50 x 10 (240 m. x 260 m. x 8 m. average grid block size) window reservoir simulation model. Flux injectors and flux producers were assigned to the outermost grid blocks. Historical boundary flux rates were obtained from a coarsely-ridded full-field model. Pressure distribution, water cuts, GORs, and recent flowmeter data were history matched. Permeability correction factors and numerous parameter adjustments were required to obtain the final history match. The permeability correction factors were based on pressure transient permeability-thickness analyses. The prediction phase of the study evaluated the effects of infill drilling, the use of artificial lifts, workovers, horizontal wells, producing rate constraints, and tight zone development to formulate depletion strategies for the development of this area. The window model will also be used to investigate day-to-day reservoir management problems in this area.

  7. 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    My name is Jennifer Smith and I am the Executive Director of Congregation Beth Israel in Austin. Congregation Beth Israel was the first recipient of the Property Assessed Clean ...

  8. PV Nano Cell | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Cell Jump to: navigation, search Name: PV Nano Cell Place: Israel Product: Israel-based firm focused on PV nano cell technology. References: PV Nano Cell1 This article is a stub....

  9. Aora Energy Aora Solar | Open Energy Information

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    Aora Energy Aora Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aora Energy (Aora Solar) Place: Yavne, Israel Zip: 81227 Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based company that has developed a...

  10. Noam Adir | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

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    E-mail: nadir@tx.technion.ac.il Phone: 972.4.829.2141 Office: Technion, Israel Institute of Technology Website: Technion, Israel Institute of Technology Research Affiliate Dr. ...

  11. Promoting Cross Research Collaboration | GE Global Research

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    I teamed up with managers from other MNCs with R&D centers in Israel three years ago to ... Known as "The MNC Weekathon," this annual event held in Israel has posed the "what can you ...

  12. Proton Research Earns 2008 JSA Thesis Prize | Jefferson Lab

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    Form Factor Ratio at Low Q2, and earned his Ph.D. at Tel Aviv University in Israel. ... at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, will begin a second postdoc at the ...

  13. IC Green Energy ICG | Open Energy Information

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    Green Energy ICG Jump to: navigation, search Name: IC Green Energy (ICG) Place: Tel-Aviv, Israel Zip: 61204 Product: IC Green Energy (ICG), a member of Israel Corp. Group, is a new...

  14. Solaria | Open Energy Information

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    Solaria Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solaria Place: Israel Sector: Solar Product: Israel-based solar branch of Shikun v'Binui. References: Solaria1 This article is a stub....

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    SunElectra Jump to: navigation, search Name: SunElectra Place: Israel Product: Israel-based distributor and PV modules applicator. References: SunElectra1 This article is a stub....

  16. GreenTops | Open Energy Information

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    GreenTops Jump to: navigation, search Name: GreenTops Place: Israel Product: Israel-based assemblers of PV-modules mainly for the agricultural comunity. References: GreenTops1...

  17. Technion Seed Formerly Technion Entrepreneurial Incubator Company...

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    Entrepreneurial Incubator Company) Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: Technion Seed...

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    - Jordan Valley Technological Incubator Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References: Kinarot - Jordan...

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    search Name: Peregrine Ventures Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References: Peregrine...

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    search Name: Precede Technologies Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References: Precede...

  1. Incentive Peregrine s Incubator | Open Energy Information

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    Name: Incentive Peregrine's Incubator Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Subsidiary Division ) References: Incentive Peregrine's...

  2. Ashkelon Technological Industries ATI | Open Energy Information

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    Ashkelon Technological Industries (ATI) Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Government Public sector ) References: Ashkelon...

  3. Property:Country | Open Energy Information

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    + HOMER + Armenia + HOMER + Bhutan + HOMER + Yugoslavia + HOMER + Mexico + HOMER + Egypt + HOMER + Saint Helena + HOMER + Syria + HOMER + Israel + HOMER + Uganda + HOMER +...

  4. PART II - CONTRACT CLAUSES

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, ... Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, ...

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    ... of Electrical Engineering, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology Zeger, Kenneth (Kenneth Zeger) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of ...

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    of Electrical Engineering, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology Fish, Jacob (Jacob Fish) - Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Columbia ...

  7. Sandia to participate in the 7th Clean Energy Ministerial, June...

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    Ministerial, June 1 & 2, 2016 - Sandia Energy Energy ... Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water ... Arabia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United Arab ...

  8. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    may have been destined for Motiva's expanded Port Arthur, TX refinery. As Motiva (a joint venture between Saudi Aramco and Shell) has prepared for the impending startup of...

  9. WorldWide Science.org

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    Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mozambique Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Philippines Poland Portugal Russia Rwanda Saudi ...

  10. EERE News Releases | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    News » EERE News Releases EERE News Releases RSS On this page, view news releases from the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). Subscribe to the news email list. November 11, 2016 Energy Department Announces Five Clean Energy Projects through BIRD Energy Partnership with Israel The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy, and Water Resources (MIEW), along with the Israel Innovation Authority, announced $4 million for five

  11. Molecular Foundry

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Shaul Aloni Svec Staff Engineer, Inorganic Nanostructures/Imaging and Manipulation of Nanostructures saloni@lbl.gov 510.486.7452 Biography Education 2001 Weizmann Institute of Science, Rechovot, Israel Ph.D. in Chemical Physics, Awarded Finberg prize for outstanding graduate research 1995 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel M. Sc. in Materials Science and Engineering, Summa Cum Laude 1992 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel B. Sc. in Materials Science and

  12. Meitag High Tech Ventures | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Meitag High-Tech Ventures Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Partnership (investment, law etc) ) References: Meitag...

  13. Am Shav Technological Applied Development Center | Open Energy...

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    Technological Applied Development Center Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References: Am-Shav...

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    search Name: Yozmot HaEmek Ltd Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References: Yozmot HaEmek...

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    search Name: Maayan Ventures Ltd. Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Quoted company ) References: Maayan Ventures Ltd.1 This...

  16. LN Innovative Technologies | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: LN Innovative Technologies Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Partnership (investment, law etc) ) References: LN Innovative...

  17. GreenTech | Open Energy Information

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    to: navigation, search Name: GreenTech Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Subsidiary Division ) References: GreenTech1 This article...

  18. Rotem Industries Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Ltd Place: Beer Sheva, Israel Zip: 84190 Sector: Solar Product: Involved in the research, development, construction & consultation of major solar energy projects: solar...

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  20. Leviathan Energy | Open Energy Information

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    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Leviathan Energy Region: Israel Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http: This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic...

  1. Quadrennial Energy Review Second Installment Electricity: Generation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Denton Municipal Electric * Jennifer Smith, Executive Director, Congregation Beth Israel * Tonya Baer, Public Counsel, Texas Office of Public Utility Counsel * Michelle Foss, ...

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    Tel-Aviv Univ., Tel-Aviv (Israel). Department of Geosciences NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States) Pacific Northwest National Lab. ...

  3. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

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    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  4. 3GSolar | Open Energy Information

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    Name: 3GSolar Place: Jerusalem, Israel Zip: 97774 Product: Developing dye-sensitised PV cell technology. Coordinates: 31.7736, 35.224998 Show Map Loading map......

  5. Techtium Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Place: Tel Aviv, Israel Zip: 69710 Product: Develops power management systems for batteries for hybrid use. References: Techtium Ltd.1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  6. Laor Batteries Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Laor Batteries Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Laor Batteries Ltd. Place: Upper Nazareth, Israel Zip: 17105 Product: develops and distributes lead-acid batteries for variety...

  7. Christopher Smith Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Office...

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    El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of Korea, and Singapore. There also are two countries - Israel and Costa Rica...

  8. Recipient: [Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... of this report are: Efran O'Neill-Carrillo, Armando Figueroa, Agustn Irizarry, Israel Ramrez, Eduardo Ortiz, Luis de Jesus, Vivian Rodrguez, Ezequiel Vassallo, ...

  9. OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information

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    714271111,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India,...

  10. Sunday Energy Ltd Sunday Nature Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Sunday Energy Ltd Sunday Nature Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sunday Energy Ltd (Sunday Nature Power) Place: Ra'anana, Israel Zip: 43501 Sector: Solar Product: The...

  11. Shikun Binui Arison Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ramat Gan, Israel Zip: 55215 Product: String representation "Shikun & Binui ... gy and ecology." is too long. References: Shikun & Binui Arison Group1 This article is a stub. You...

  12. IDIQ BS Ex A (Rev. 3.1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  13. Time and Materials Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  14. DISCLAIMER:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... (Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  15. AES Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  16. East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries

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    Guinea Estonia Finland France Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan ...

  17. Section - - SPECIAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE IN MOST GRANTS...

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    ... (Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); (3) A ...

  18. M186

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  19. CONST Ex A (Rev. 5.1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  20. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  1. EFS Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  2. CPFFS Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or CPFFS Ex ...

  3. CI-ON Ex A (Rev. 0.1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  4. LFS Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  5. NCIPO Ex A (Rev. 2.1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  6. R&D Ex A (Rev. 3.1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

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    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  7. D-B CONST Ex A (Rev. 4.1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  8. SFS Exhibit A General Conditions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A ...

  9. Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  10. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... ; Gilman, Ronald ; Higinbotham, Douglas W. ; Piasetzky, Eliazer Israel ; Strauch, ... this experiment, and rule out conclusively long-standing predictions of dimensional ...

  11. Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Energy and Environmental Physics Jump to: navigation, search Name: Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics Place: Sede Boqer Campus, Israel Zip: 84990 Sector:...

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    Dagan Solar Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dagan Solar Energy Place: Israel Zip: 36052 Sector: Solar Product: Develops and implements technologies in the field of solar...

  13. Office of Strategic Programs FY 2016 Budget At-A-Glance

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... International Continue sponsorship of joint clean energy research under the U.S.-Israel Energy Cooperative Agreement, and increase the number of country engagements to develop ...

  14. | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ron Naaman from Department of Chemical Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel, will present a lecture "The Chirality Induced Spin Selectivity (CISS) Effect - From ...

  15. Bisfuel - Seminars

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    Ron Naaman from Department of Chemical Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel, will present a lecture "The Chirality Induced Spin Selectivity (CISS) Effect - From ...

  16. Events - Seminars

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    Ron Naaman Department of Chemical Physics, Weizmann Institute Rehovot 76100, Israel Abstract: Spin based properties, applications, and devices are commonly related to magnetic ...

  17. Excitonic Quantum Random Walk in Biological Phycocyanin Nanowires...

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    Since July 2009, he's been leading the Quantum Nano Engineering group at the Hebrew University, Israel and is currently chair of the Applied Physics department. Paltiel's group's ...

  18. 2014 Awarded Campaigns

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    Direct-drive hydrodynamics Casner (CEA) Asymptotic self-similar instabilities Shvarts (Israel) Charged particle stopping powers Zylstra (MIT) Stellar and Big Bang nucleosynthesis ...

  19. 1

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    ... the Oskar Klein Centre in Sweden, the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, the TANGO Program of the University System of Taiwan and the Kavli Institute for the ...

  20. Microsoft Word - Abs_Talmi_2011

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel Abstract The shell model, introduced more than 60 years ago, has been the standard model for analyzing and calculating nuclear observables. ...

  1. Sandia National Laboratories: The CMC's 20th Anniversary - remembering...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Early Work One early CMC project involved a border crossing between Jordan and Israel. An explosives detection portal system was deployed at the crossing, enabling officials to ...

  2. Uncovering the mysteries of cosmic explosions

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    ... the Oskar Klein Centre in Sweden, the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, the TANGO Program of the University System of Taiwan and the Kavli Institute for the ...

  3. 2015 Awarded Campaigns

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    exoplanets Russ Hemley (Carnegie) Asymptotic self-similar RT, RM Dov Shvarts (Israel) Molecular cloud radiative dynamics Marc Pound (Maryland) Nuclear reactions in HED ...

  4. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Products (Thousand Barrels)","Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Israel of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by ...

  5. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | LHC experiments eliminate...

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    ... Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Romania is a candidate for accession. India, Israel, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United States of America, Turkey, the European ...

  6. Jefferson Lab Selects Italian Physicist As Deputy Associate Director...

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    Rossi is a referee for such publications as Physics Letters B, Nuclear Physics A, European Physics Journal A, Israel Science Foundation, Applied Radiation and Isotopes, and Science ...

  7. Using RSI format

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... University, Evanston, IL 60208. c Present address: Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. d Present address: Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208. e Present ...

  8. Capital Point | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Point Jump to: navigation, search Name: Capital Point Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Joint Venture Consortium ) References: Capital...

  9. SBY Solutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: SBY Solutions Place: Israel Zip: 42836 Sector: Solar Product: Solar panel installer, mainly focusing on rooftops. References: SBY...

  10. Confirmed: Stellar Behemoth Self-Destructs in Type IIb Supernova

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Using the iPTF pipeline, researchers at Israel's Weizmann Institute of Science led by ... Pipeline Upgrade Leads to Unexpected Discoveries The Palomar 48 inch telescope. Photo by: ...

  11. ATU Advanced Technology Upgrading Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Upgrading) Ltd Place: Israel Product: Focused on development of rechargeable magnesium battery. References: ATU (Advanced Technology Upgrading) Ltd1 This article is a stub. You...

  12. Advanced Solar Power ASP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Power (ASP) Place: Israel Sector: Solar Product: Involved in the development and manufacturing of innovative solar energy solutions. References: Advanced Solar Power (ASP)1...

  13. Overview of Evaluation Methods for R&D Programs

    Energy Savers

    ... Note: Methods used were not identified for Israel's MAGNET program, and this tabulation ... efficiency by developing a new type of engine. 7 The discussion of types of questions ...

  14. Interdan Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: Interdan Ltd Place: Haifa, Israel Zip: 35709 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Promotes application of renewable energy systems including Solar PV and...

  15. FIA-13-0056 - In the Matter of National Security Archive | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    contained in two released documents pursuant to Exemption 5. Those documents were from 1980 and concerned a meeting regarding the United States' oil supply agreement with Israel. ...

  16. Energy News | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    research and development. October 20, 2015 Joint Statement on United States - Israel Energy Dialogue On Monday, October 19, 2015, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest J....

  17. Energy Media Advisories | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Press Conference in Bohemia to Unveil New FHA Powersaver Program Congressman Steve Israel will join announcement April 19, 2011 TODAY: Secretary Chu, Secretary LaHood, Colorado...

  18. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  19. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 3, 2015: U.S. joins...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  20. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 5, 2015: U.S. scientists...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  1. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 13, 2015: Two Large...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  2. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 19, 2014: International...

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    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  3. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

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    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  4. GreenSun Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: GreenSun Energy Ltd Place: Jerusalem, Israel Zip: 97774 Product: Jerusalem based developer of luminescent concentrator PV cells....

  5. Cerel CeramicTechnologies Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cerel (CeramicTechnologies) Ltd Place: Israel Zip: 39120 Product: Develops advanced industrial applications for its patented...

  6. The Doral Group Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Group Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Doral Group Ltd. Place: Ramat Gan, Israel Product: Ramat Gan-based investment, development and holding company. References: The...

  7. Kugler Development Investments Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kugler Development & Investments Ltd Place: Israel Sector: Solar Product: Based in Tel-Aviv, Kugler Development & Investments is an...

  8. IDB Holding | Open Energy Information

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    IDB Holding Jump to: navigation, search Name: IDB Holding Place: Tel-Aviv, Israel Zip: 67023 Product: A leading Israeli diversified business group. Coordinates: 32.045101,...

  9. Shafir Civil Marine Engineering | Open Energy Information

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    Engineering Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shafir Civil & Marine Engineering Place: Israel Sector: Services Product: Services include infrastructure works, contracting, bridge...

  10. Solgal Energy | Open Energy Information

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    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Solgal Energy Name: Solgal Energy Address: Israel Place: Alon Hagalil Zip: 17920 Product: Renewable energy solutions Year Founded: 2008...

  11. Luz International Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    International Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Luz International Ltd Place: Israel Sector: Solar Product: Developer of the Mojave Desert SEGS solar thermal plants, which went...

  12. B Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    B-Solar Ltd Place: Raanana, Israel Product: Israeli manufacturer of bifacial silicon cells and modules. Coordinates: 32.182579, 34.87014 Show Map Loading map......

  13. Cellergy Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Cellergy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cellergy Ltd. Place: Migdal Haemek, Israel Zip: 23105 Product: Cellergy Ltd. is part of the Israeli PCB group. Cellergy was founded...

  14. Minrav Holdings | Open Energy Information

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    Minrav Holdings Jump to: navigation, search Name: Minrav Holdings Place: Israel Product: Minrav Holdings Ltd. is involved in initiating, engineering and building real estate,...

  15. BrightView Systems Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: BrightView Systems Ltd Place: Petach-Tikva, Israel Zip: 49510 Product: Has developed an unspecified technology for PV cell manufacture....

  16. Luz II | Open Energy Information

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    II Jump to: navigation, search Name: Luz II Place: Jerusalem, Israel Zip: 91450 Sector: Solar Product: Jerusalem-based utility-scale solar power plant developer. Coordinates:...

  17. Sharav Sluices Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Sharav Sluices Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sharav Sluices Ltd Place: Haifa, Israel Zip: 32000 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Developed a technology to produce...

  18. Pure Drop Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Drop Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pure Drop Ltd Place: Israel Product: Developing a modular concentrated PV tracking system for electricity production, with a...

  19. Aquate Solar | Open Energy Information

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    Aquate Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aquate Solar Place: Tzur Igal, Israel Zip: 44862 Product: Developing a water-integrated PV (WIPV) platform. References: Aquate...

  20. Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada Abstract Abstract unavailable. Author Israel C. Russell Organization U.S. Geological Survey Published U.S. Government Printing...

  1. Dagesh FK Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Dagesh FK Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dagesh FK Ltd Place: Israel Product: It is a turnkey systems supplier, providing excellence in integrated and electro-optical...

  2. Power Paper Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Power Paper Limited Place: Kiryat Arye, Petah Tikva, Israel Zip: 49130 Product: Power Paper is a developer of next-generation, printable...

  3. EDIG Construction Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: EDIG Construction Management Place: Israel Product: String representation "E.D.I.G. is a p ... pment projects." is too long. References: EDIG Construction Management1...

  4. Energy Department Announces Six Clean Energy Projects through Partnership

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    with Israel | Department of Energy Six Clean Energy Projects through Partnership with Israel Energy Department Announces Six Clean Energy Projects through Partnership with Israel November 23, 2015 - 10:02am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources (MIEW) today announced $5.1 million for six newly selected clean energy projects as part of the

  5. Kivun Engineering Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd. Place: Tel Aviv, Israel Zip: 64371 Sector: Solar Product: Provides solar thermal water heating systems to the international market. References: Kivun Engineering Ltd.1...

  6. LaSolar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Argentina Sector: Solar Product: Manufactures and distributes solar passive water heating systems and PV systems in Spain, South America and Israel References:...

  7. Energy Information Administration

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    in North Africa and Arabia: regional distribution and depositional model." Earth-Science Reviews, vol. 49, no. 1-4, p. 121-200. 3 Boote, David R. D., Daniel D. Clark-Lowes,...

  8. U.S. Energy Flow -- 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, H; Mui, N; Pasternak, A

    1997-12-01

    Energy consumption in 1995 increased slightly for the fifth year in a row (from 89 to 91 quadrillion [1015Btu). U.S. economic activity slowed from the fast-paced recovery of 1994, even with the continued low unemployment rates and low inflation rates. The annual increase in U.S. real GDP dropped to 4.6% from 1994's increase of 5.8%. Energy consumption in all major end-use sectors surpassed the record-breaking highs achieved in 1994, with the largest gains (2.5%) occurring in the residential/commercial sector. Crude oil imports decreased for the first time this decade. There was also a decline in domestic oil production. Venezuela replaced Saudi Arabia as the principal supplier of imported oil. Imports of natural gas, mainly from Canada, continued to increase. The demand for natural gas reached a level not seen since the peak levels of the early 1970s and the demand was met by a slight increase in both natural gas production and imports. Electric utilities had the largest percentage increase of n.atural gas consumption, a climb of 7% above 1994 levels. Although coal production decreased, coal exports continued to make a comeback after 3 years of decline. Coal once again become the primary U.S. energy export. Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) consists of two phases. Phase I (in effect as of January 1, 1995) set emission restrictions on 110 mostly coal-burning plants in the eastern and midwestem United States. Phase II, planned to begin in the year 2000, places additional emission restrictions on about 1,000 electric plants. As of January 1, 1995, the reformulated gasoline program, also part of the CAAA90, was finally initiated. As a result, this cleaner-burning fuel was made available in areas of the United States that failed to meet the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) ozone standards. In 1995, reformulated gasoline represented around 28% of total gasoline sales in the United States. The last commercial nuclear power plant

  9. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    the rebound to the startup of a 325,000 bbld capacity expansion at Saudi Aramco's joint-venture refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, that project, which is being officially...

  10. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook

    circumstances and changes in longer-term economic growth trends can have significant impacts on global oil demand, which in turn will impact the call on Saudi production. For...

  11. News Item

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Saudi Minister of Energy Visits Molecular Foundry Khalid Al-Falih (left), Saudi Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources and the Chairman of Aramco Board of Directors toured the Molecular Foundry (pictured), the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, and FLEXLAB. DOE Under Secretary for Science and Energy Lynn Orr accompanied Minister Al-Falih during the visit

  12. Did nukes nudge the PLO. [PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, A.

    1993-12-01

    The author presents arguments to support the belief that a factor in the partial Palestinian-Israeli reconciliation was Israel's nuclear capability. He believes that the image of Israel as an invincible nuclear power helped the Palestinians realize the necessity of seeking peaceful coexistence with Israel. The nuclear lessons of Iraq--and the specter of a mutually nuclearized future Middle East--may also have had an important impact on the Rabin government. The author also discusses some of the political implications of the joint Palestinian-Israeli recognition.

  13. THE MERGER RATE OF BINARY WHITE DWARFS IN THE GALACTIC DISK ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (United States) School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978 (Israel) Publication Date: 2012-04-10 OSTI Identifier: 22047918 Resource Type: Journal Article ...

  14. Charm Mixing, CP Violation and Rare D**0 Decays at BaBar (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Journal Name: Nucl.Phys.A827:463c-465c,2009; Conference: Prepared for 18th International Conference on Particles and Nuclei (PANIC 08), Eilat, Israel, 9-14 Nov ...

  15. New Wind Career Map Navigates Industry Jobs | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Siemens' employees Israel Garay, left and Eric Eggleston work on the nacelle of a Siemens 2.3 MW, 80 meter wind turbine at NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) in Boulder ...

  16. X:\\ARM_19~1\\P225-243.WPD

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Reisin, T. 1995. A numerical study of cloud seeding in Israel using an axisymmetrical cloud model with detailed microphysics, Ph.D dissertation, University of Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, ...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - Engaging_Williams

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Tracking TRANSCOM Origin to Destination 2010 STS SNF Shipments FRR via JBC: Germany- 2 casks Turkey- 1 cask Israel- 1 cask Chile- 2 casks Japan- 4 casks Sweden- 1 cask ...

  18. RESEARCH PERSONNEL AND ENGINEERING STAFF

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    Carstoiu Florin, Romania 4 Shmuel Gurvitz, Israel 5 Badkadir Irgaziev, Uzbekistan 6 V. Kolomietz, Ukraine 7 Yu-Gang Ma, China 8 Youri Stojkov, Russia 9 Ian Towner, Canada 10 Shuhua ...

  19. The Ben Gurion National Solar Energy Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Gurion National Solar Energy Center Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center Place: Sede-Boqer Campus, Israel Zip: 84990 Sector: Solar Product:...

  20. GREENING YOUR BUSINESS

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... * 12 Canada * 5 India * 3 Australia * 3 Ireland * 2 Spain * 2 United Kingdom * 2 Tunisia * 1 Belgium * 1 Chile * 1 Colombia * 1 Argentina * 1 Fiji * 1 Israel * 1 Indonesia * 1 St. ...

  1. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Prize, the IET Mountbatten Medal (UK), the IEEE Photonics Award, the Harvey Prize (Israel), and the Rank Prize (UK). He also has an honorary Ph.d. from the Royal Inst. of ...

  2. QER SECOND INSTALLMENT PUBLIC MEETING-AUSTIN, TEXAS | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... (267.17 KB) Panel 2: Remarks by Jennifer Smith, Executive Director, Congregation Beth Israel (132.96 KB) Panel 2: Remarks by Tonya Baer, Public Counsel, Texas Office of Public ...

  3. The U.S. Nuclear Detonation Detection...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Many believe it was a joint Israel-South Africa nuclear test, but the scarcity of corroborating evidence persuaded others that a sensor malfunction or meteor strike caused a false ...

  4. Melanie A. Kenderdine | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Kenderdine was named one of the top five women in Washington shaping energy policy by the National Journal. Most Recent U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design ...

  5. Bo Zhen | Solid State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Since then, he has been working as a joint postdoctoral associate with Marin Soljai at MIT and Mordechai Segev at Technion, Israel. His major research interest is in designing ...

  6. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Products (Thousand Barrels)","East Coast (PADD 1) Imports by PADD of Processing from Israel of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","East Coast (PADD 1) Imports ...

  7. Ames Laboratory Scientists Leave Their Mark on Future Researchers...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    recipient of the Stanley C. Israel Regional Award for Advancing Diversity in Chemical Sciences. "And most of the students we've hosted would never have thought about coming here. ...

  8. News Item

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Prize, the IET Mountbatten Medal (UK), the IEEE Photonics Award, the Harvey Prize (Israel), and the Rank Prize (UK). He also has an honorary Ph.d. from the Royal Inst. of ...

  9. VII-14 INSTITUTE COLLOQUIA AND SEMINARS

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Seattle Giant Quantum Few-Body Systems May 26 Professor Igal Talmi, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel The Nclear Shell Model - Older Than 60 Years June 8 Dr. ...

  10. First Director Named for Center for Accelerator Science | Jefferson...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Interspersed with his work in the U.S., he has also been a visiting researcher and teacher at laboratories and universities in China, Taiwan, Japan, Australia, India, Israel and ...

  11. Scattering Society of America

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Majewski received a doctorate in Materials and Interfaces from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. He has been working in the fields of x-ray and neutron scattering ...

  12. Majewski named Fellow of the Neutron Scattering Society of America

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Majewski received a doctorate in Materials and Interfaces from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. He has been working in the fields of x-ray and neutron scattering ...

  13. 10 Questions for a Materials Scientist: Vilas Pol | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    In addition, brainy Emeritus Prof. Aharon Gedanken from Bar-Ilan University of Israel influenced me entirely with the materials science milieu during my Ph.D. Q: Let's talk about ...

  14. Flight Path 15L - Publications

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    at LANSCE", Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Fast Neutron Detectors and Applications, Ein Gedi, Israel November 6-11, 2011, ed. A. Buffler, JINST 7, C03028 (2012). ...

  15. Protons Pair Up With Neutrons | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... supported by the U.S. Department of Energy; the U.S. National Science Foundation; the Israel Science Foundation; the US-Israeli Bi-national Scientific Foundation; the UK ...

  16. SunShot_2012_Ritter_061412

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Time after time, in China and Japan and Canada and Germany and Spain and Oslo - in Norway, in Israel, in all these different places where we had meetings, they kept saying, "The ...

  17. User Agreements | Linac Coherent Light Source

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 2018-10-25 AUSTRALIAN SYNCHROTRON 2021-05-10 AWE Plc 2020-04-09 BAR-ILAN UNIVERSITY ISRAEL 2018-11-11 BARR ENGINEERING 2020-05-31 BEIJING COMPUTATIONAL SCI RES CTR 2020-05-21 ...

  18. HelioFocus | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Israel-based firm engaged in the development of modular, high efficiency concentrated solar power (CSP)systems. References: HelioFocus1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  19. Distributed Solar Power Ltd Di S P | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Power Ltd Di S P Jump to: navigation, search Name: Distributed Solar Power Ltd (Di.S.P) Place: Yokneam, Israel Zip: 20692 Sector: Solar Product: Distributed Solar Power...

  20. Free Share R D | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Share R D Jump to: navigation, search Name: Free Share R&D Place: Israel Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Developer of wind and solar generating systems in addition to being a a...

  1. Letter from Secretary Moniz to Jewish Leaders on the Iran Nuclear...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and its implications for the State of Israel. As you may know, I joined the U.S. delegation to the negotiations in February, when...

  2. FOIA Cases | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1980 and concerned a meeting regarding the United States' oil supply agreement with Israel. August 19, 2013 FIA-13-0054 - In the Matter of Dow Jones & Company On August 19,...

  3. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    in the U.S., four in Russia, three in South America, two in Italy, and one each in Turkey, Germany, Mexico, the United Kingdom, Israel and the Peoples Republic of China....

  4. SolaRoll Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    SolaRoll Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: SolaRoll Ltd Place: Ashkelon, Israel Zip: 78172 Sector: Solar Product: SolaRoll is the developing a unique technology for the...

  5. IAI MLM division Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: IAI - MLM division Ltd Place: Be'er Ya'acov, Israel Zip: 70350 Product: Developed a CPV system and plan to continue the project till the...

  6. Solar IT | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    IT Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar IT Place: Ramat-Gan, Israel Product: Ramat-Gan-based supplier and assemblier of PV-based systems for domestic and industrial use....

  7. Tel Aviv University | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Aviv University Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tel Aviv University Place: Tel Aviv, Israel Zip: 69978 Sector: Solar Product: R&D of solar energy, fuel cells and new materials...

  8. SDE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: SDE Address: 15A Lubetkin Street Place: Tel Aviv Zip: 67532 Region: Israel Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: 972-37397107 Website: www.sde.co.il This...

  9. Pythagoras Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Pythagoras Solar Ltd Place: Ramat HaSharon, Israel Zip: 47800 Product: Early-stage company developing a stationary low-concentration PV system. References: Pythagoras Solar Ltd1...

  10. NanoReady Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    NanoReady Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: NanoReady Ltd Place: Caesarea, Israel Zip: 38900 Sector: Solar Product: String representation "NanoReady devel ... nd solar cells."...

  11. SeaNergy Electric Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    SeaNergy Electric Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: SeaNergy Electric Ltd Region: Israel Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http: This company is listed in the Marine and...

  12. We Want It All - Designers

    Energy Savers

    We Want It All - Designers Chip Israel MIES, FIALD, LEED AP, LC cisrael@lightingdesignalliance.com We Don't Want It - Glare LED's Are a Tool It's Still bout the Design. Education...

  13. Update on Angles and Sides of the CKM Unitarity Triangle from...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Journal Name: Nucl.Phys.A827:481c-483c,2009; Conference: Prepared for 18th International Conference on Particles and Nuclei (PANIC 08), Eilat, Israel, 9-14 Nov ...

  14. Cyclotron Road-A New Model for Clean Energy R&D | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Current Opportunities Related to Water-Energy Current Opportunities Related to Water-Energy Below are links to Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) and Requests for Information (RFIs) listed related to water-energy. On each web page is a detailed description of the opportunity. U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call - July 6, 2016 deadline The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources (MIEW)

  15. AMENDMENT NO. 2 TO AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OF THE UNITED STATES OF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    AMENDMENT NO. 2 TO AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURES OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL CONCERNING ENERGY COOPERATION The Department of Energy of the United States of America and the Ministry of National Infrastructures, Energy and Water Resources (formerly the Ministry of National Infrastructures) of the State of Israel, hereinafter collectively the "Parties", ACTING pursuant to Article X.b of the Agreement

  16. Current Opportunities Related to Water-Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Current Opportunities Related to Water-Energy Current Opportunities Related to Water-Energy Below are links to Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) and Requests for Information (RFIs) listed related to water-energy. On each web page is a detailed description of the opportunity. U.S.-Israel Integrated Energy and Desalination Design Challenge Lab Call - July 6, 2016 deadline The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources (MIEW)

  17. Multidisciplinary and Multicultural Environment | Center for Bio-Inspired

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar Fuel Production Center News Research Highlights Center Research News Media about Center Center Video Library Bisfuel Picture Gallery Multidisciplinary and Multicultural Environment 17 Mar 2014 Amir Kaplan is a visiting graduate student from the research group of Professor Armand Bettelheim of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. In Israel, he has acquired considerable expertise in the design and construction of catalytic materials for oxidation of water to oxygen and hydrogen

  18. The unstable Gulf, Threats from within

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, L.G.

    1984-01-01

    Martin offers an analysis of disputes along the borders of countries in the Persian Gulf region and a description of the religious, ethnic, and ideological tensions among the peoples. The pros and cons of various options for protecting American interests are outlined. The discussion covers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, North and South Yemen, Oman, Soudi Arabia, U.A.E., Bahrain, and Qatar.

  19. Three Blind Men and the Elephant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, J S

    2007-02-13

    Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling

  20. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    0 Ireland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Israel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 Korea, South 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico 0 0 819 0 502...

  1. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Israel 0 0 2 0 147 0 147 Italy 0 0 74 0 0 0 0 Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 Korea, South 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico 0 0 1,043 0 383...

  2. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Israel 0 0 2 0 220 0 220 Italy 0 0 74 0 0 0 0 Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 9 0 2 5 7 Korea, South 0 0 126 0 1 13 14 Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico 1 0 10,916 0...

  3. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Ireland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Israel 0 0 0 0 73 0 73 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 5 0 2 3 5 Korea, South 0 0 119 0 0 13 14 Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico 1 0 7,778 0...

  4. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Israel 0 0 2 0 220 0 220 Italy 0 0 74 0 0 0 0 Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 9 0 2 5 7 Korea, South 0 0 126 0 1 13 14 Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico 0 0 10,916 0...

  5. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-11-18

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) China; (2) Indonesia; (3) Bulgaria; (4) Brazil, Cuba; (5) Egypt, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan; (6) Soviet Union; and (7) France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Norway.

  6. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [December 26, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-12-26

    This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2)Japan, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Austria, and (6) Soviet Union.

  7. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [November 6, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-11-06

    This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) East Asia; Japan, South Korea, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Cuba, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, (5) Soviet Union, and (6) West Europe; Canada, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Sweden, Turkey.

  8. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [May 23, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-05-23

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) Japan, (2) China, (3) South Korea, (4) Czechoslovakia, Poland, (5) Argentina, Brazil, (6) Bangladesh, India, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan, (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany, Canada, United Kingdom, France.

  9. JPRS report, nuclear developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-02-25

    This report contains articles concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China; (2) Indonesia, North Korea, South Korea, Thailand; (3) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary; (4) Argentina, Brazil, El Salvador, Nicaragua; (5) India, Iran, Bangladesh, Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Pakistan; (6) Soviet Union; (7) France, Germany, Austria, United Kingdom; and (8) South Africa.

  10. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  11. Jeddah Energy Meeting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Jeddah Energy Meeting Jeddah Energy Meeting June 20, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you, Minister Naimi . . . and my sincere thanks to King Abdullah and the Saudi government for hosting this event. Everyday -- and around the world -- we are seeing the significant negative effects that high energy prices have on our economies, our industries and, most profoundly, on our citizens. We face an extraordinary set of circumstances that demands responsible action

  12. The slowdown continues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-08-01

    The author reviews the oil market in the Middle East. Some of the highlights are: Aramco activity in Saudi Arabi seems to be struck at a historically low level; Iran is maintaining production rates despite persistent Iraqi, U.S. attacks; Iraq plans ambitious 5-year drilling program, development of eight new fields; and Oman set reserves record with any finds, remains the area's biggest driller.

  13. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  14. Diversity of [beta]-globin mutations in Israeli ethnic groups reflects recent historic events

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filon, D.; Oron, V.; Krichevski, S.; Shaag, A.; Goldfarb, A.; Aker, M.; Rachmilewitz, E.A.; Rund, D.; Oppenheim, A. )

    1994-05-01

    The authors characterized nearly 500 [beta]-thalassemia genes from the Israeli population representing a variety of ethnic subgroups. They found 28 different mutations in the [beta]-globin gene, including three mutations ([beta][sup S], [beta][sup C], and [beta][sup O-Arab]) causing hemoglobinopathies. Marked genetic heterogeneity was observed in both the Arab (20 mutations) and Jewish (17 mutations) populations. On the other hand, two ethnic isolates - Druze and Samaritans - had a single mutation each. Fifteen of the [beta]-thalassemia alleles are Mediterranean in type, 5 originated in Kurdistan, 2 are of Indian origin, and 2 sporadic alleles came from Europe. Only one mutant allele-nonsense codon 37-appears to be indigenous to Israel. While human habitation in Israel dates back to early prehistory, the present-day spectrum of [beta]-globin mutations can be largely explained by migration events that occurred in the past millennium. 26 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries: history, policies, and prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tetreault, M.A.

    1981-01-01

    The analysis begins with OAPEC's formation in 1968, as a means of resisting pressure to embargo oil importers who supported Israel. The origins of the 1973 boycott during the Yom Kippur War are examined, showing how that step affected subsequent OAPEC policy. OAPEC's relationship to the rest of the international petroleum community is explored, focusing on the interaction between OAPEC and OPEC in the making of petroleum pricing policy. The expulsion of Egypt for trading with Israel is discussed. Huge profits from the oil industry are the key to the region's economic development. Successes and failures of OAPEC investments, joint ventures with various nations as partners in fostering the economic progress of the Arab world are examined. This study provides a useful tool for the understanding of the international petroleum industry.

  16. Slide 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Southern Great Plains Atmospheric Moisture Budget for CLASIC Peter J. Lamb 1,2 , Avraham Zangvil 3 , Diane H. Portis 1 1 1 Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies The University of Oklahoma 2 School of Meteorology, The University of Oklahoma 3 Meteorology Unit, Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel ARM Science Team Meeting March 2009 CLASIC CLOUD AND LAND SURFACE INTERACTION CAMPAIGN Southern Great Plains Site ARM Climate Research

  17. Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Country | Concentrating Solar Power |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Country In this section, you can select a country from the map or the following list of countries. You can then select a specific concentrating solar power (CSP) project and review a profile covering project basics, participating organizations, and power plant configuration data for the solar field, power block, and thermal energy storage. Javascript must be enabled to view Flash movie Algeria Australia Canada Chile China Egypt France Germany India Israel Italy Kuwait Mexico Morocco

  18. InkindŽ contributions are non-cash resources employed by our Partners in direct support of a CRADA or Project Task Statement under an Umbrella CRADA

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    THURSDAY, APRIL 2, 2009 The meeting convened at 9:00 a.m. in Room 8E-089 of the James Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C., Ed Blair, Chair, presiding. COMMITTEE MEMBERS PRESENT: EDWARD BLAIR, Chair STEVE BROWN MICHAEL COHEN BARBARA FORSYTH WALTER HILL VINCENT IANNACCHIONE NANCY KIRKENDALL EDWARD KOKKELENBERG ISRAEL MELENDEZ MICHAEL TOMAN JOHN WEYANT (202) 234-4433 Neal R. Gross & Co., Inc. Page 2 EIA STAFF PRESENT: STEPHANIE BROWN, Designated Federal Official,

  19. Superconductivity Conference Held

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Superconductivity Conference Held Z.-X. Shen SSRL sponsored a major international conference on superconductivity early this year. The conference, entitled "Spectroscopies in Novel Superconductors" was held at SSRL from March 15-18, 1995 and generated considerable interest in the scientific community. About 200 scientists from 14 countries attended: United States, Japan, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, France, The Netherlands, Sweden, India, Israel, Argentina, China, Finland and Russia

  20. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-12-02

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Taiwan; (4) Hungary, Yugoslavia; (5) Brazil, Argentina; (6) Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland.

  1. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-12-13

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Taiwan; (4) Hungary; (5) Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Austria, Germany, United Kingdom.

  2. S3TEC Seminar- The principal parameters for maximizing performance and

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    economic feasibility of solar power generation systems | Solid State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion Seminar- The principal parameters for maximizing performance and economic feasibility of solar power generation systems Seminar Tuesday Sep 20, 2016 12:00pm Location: 3-370 Speaker: Professor Jacob Karni, The Weizmann Institute of Science Rehovot, Israel Abstract: Power generation systems in general, and solar power generation systems in particular, are complex, involving multiple components.

  3. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Wyoming

    THURSDAY, APRIL 2, 2009 The meeting convened at 9:00 a.m. in Room 8E-089 of the James Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C., Ed Blair, Chair, presiding. COMMITTEE MEMBERS PRESENT: EDWARD BLAIR, Chair STEVE BROWN MICHAEL COHEN BARBARA FORSYTH WALTER HILL VINCENT IANNACCHIONE NANCY KIRKENDALL EDWARD KOKKELENBERG ISRAEL MELENDEZ MICHAEL TOMAN JOHN WEYANT (202) 234-4433 Neal R. Gross & Co., Inc. Page 2 EIA STAFF PRESENT: STEPHANIE BROWN, Designated

  4. Microsoft Word - Abs_Talmi_2011

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    nuclear shell model - older than 60 years Professor Igal Talmi Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel Abstract The shell model, introduced more than 60 years ago, has been the standard model for analyzing and calculating nuclear observables. In this model, nucleons move independently in a common central potential well. This has been difficult to reconcile with the rather strong and short ranged interaction between free nucleons. Calculations of energy levels of nuclei have been

  5. Microsoft Word - FOI 2015-01278.FINAL.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    CERTIFIED MAIL June 16, 2015 Ms. Miriam Israel Mosesq Rebound, A Building Trades Organization 2800 First Avenue, Suite 216 Seattle, Washington 98121 Dear Ms. Mosesq: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REQUEST (FOI 2015-01278) This letter is in response to your electronic Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request dated May 6, 2015, requesting information regarding the revision to the scope of work established for the Group 3 Laborers in 2012. Specifically you requested the following documents as

  6. Concentrating Solar Power Projects | Concentrating Solar Power | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Projects SolarPACES Snapshot SolarPACES, an international program of the International Energy Agency, furthers collaborative development, testing, and marketing of concentrating solar power plants. Activities include testing large-scale systems and developing advanced technologies, components, instrumentation, and analysis techniques. Founded in 1977, SolarPACES now has 13 members: Algeria, Australia, Egypt, the European Commission, France, Germany, Israel, Mexico, South Africa, South Korea,

  7. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Chapter footnotes Preface 1. OECD includes all members of the organization as of January 1, 2016, in all the time series included in this report. Israel, which became a member in 2010, is included in OECD Europe for statistical reporting purposes. 2. Nonmarketed energy sources include selected energy consumption data for which the energy is not bought or sold, either directly or indirectly, as an input to marketed energy-particularly, traditional fuels such as fuelwood, charcoal, agricultural

  8. EERE Middle East and African Partnerships and Projects | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Middle East and African Partnerships and Projects EERE Middle East and African Partnerships and Projects The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) engages bilaterally with individual countries in the Middle East and Africa. Bilateral Partnerships Israel EERE collaborates with the Israeli Ministry of Energy and Water Resources (MEW) to conduct jointly-funded research, development, and demonstration projects that aim to successfully commercialize cutting-edge clean

  9. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    D SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause 952.204-71 entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan

  10. Crude Oil and Gasoline Price Monitoring

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    What drives crude oil prices? November 8, 2016 | Washington, DC An analysis of 7 factors that influence oil markets, with chart data updated monthly and quarterly price per barrel (real 2010 dollars) imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil WTI crude oil price 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events November 8, 2016 2 Low spare capacity Iraq invades Kuwait Saudis abandon swing producer

  11. Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    8,450 8,464 8,504 8,522 8,692 8,681 1983-2016 Lower 48 7,969 7,975 8,003 8,012 8,175 8,167 2003-2016 Alaska 481 489 501 510 517 514 2003

    Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf January - June 2016 | Release Date: September 30, 2016 | Next Release Date: February 28, 2017 2016 Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Highlights It should be noted that several factors influence the source of a company's crude oil imports. For example, a company like Motiva, which is partly owned by Saudi Refining Inc.,

  12. When is the "Day of Reckoning" and How Will the Industry Respond?

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Conference John R. Auers, P.E. Executive Vice President July 14, 2014 Washington, D. C. When is the "Day of Reckoning" and how will the industry respond? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Refinery Utilization U.S. Production Canadian Imports Saudi Imports Other Light & Medium WB Imports Heavy Waterborne Imports Pre U.S. Crude Boom (~2007/2008) 2 Export regulations irrelevant. Declining U.S. crude production replaced by increasing imports - exceed 10 MM BPD Light & Medium waterborne

  13. Alkaline Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (AEM-FC) Status

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Alkaline Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (AEM-FC) Status Dario R. Dekel Associate Professor Wolfson Department of Chemical Engineering Grand Technion Energy Program (GTEP) Technion - Israel Institute of Technology dario@technion.ac.il 2016 Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cell Workshop Sheraton Grand Phoenix Phoenix, AZ - April 1, 2016 Early days in AEM-FC 153mm 78mm 51mm 4mg/cm 2 PtRu, 4mg/cm 2 Pt black, RH=100%, H 2 / O 2  0.8V @80mA/cm 2 (130mW/cm 2 ) Dario R. Dekel Varcoe et al., Chem. Mater.

  14. Exclusive Neutrino Cross Sections From MiniBooNE

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Exclusive Neutrino Cross Sections From MiniBooNE Martin Tzanov University of Colorado PANIC 2008, 9-14 November, Eilat, ISRAEL Martin Tzanov, PANIC 2008 Neutrino Cross Sections Today * Precise knowledge needed for precise oscillation measurements. * Cross section well measured above 20 GeV. * Few measurements below 20 GeV. * 20-30 years old bubble chamber experiments (mostly H 2 , D 2 ). * Neutral current cross sections are even less understood. ν CC world data CC world data ν T2K, BooNE K2K,

  15. Help Wanted at Kansas Wind Blade Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wanted at Kansas Wind Blade Company Help Wanted at Kansas Wind Blade Company July 12, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Last year, Israel Sanchez, a 31-year-old Newton, Kan., resident, was painting the blades of wind turbines for Enertech, Inc., a small-scale wind manufacturer. Now he's assembling the entire system. "They promoted me," says Sanchez, taking a quick break from the assembly line in the 10,000 square-foot plant in

  16. Biggest oil spill tackled in gulf amid war, soft market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-02-04

    Industry is scrambling to cope with history's biggest oil spill against the backdrop of a Persian Gulf war and a softening oil market. U.S. and Saudi Arabian officials accused Iraq of unleashing an oil spill of about 11 million bbl into the Persian Gulf off Kuwait last week by releasing crude from the giant Sea Island tanker loading terminal at Mina al Ahmadi. Smart bombs delivered by U.S. aircraft hit two onshore tank farm manifold stations, cutting off the terminal's source of oil flow Jan. 26. A small volume of oil was still leaking from 13 mile feeder pipelines to the terminal at presstime. Press reports quoted U.S. military and Saudi officials as estimating the slick at 35 miles long and 10 miles wide but breaking up in some areas late last week. Meantime, Iraq reportedly opened the valves at its Mina al Bakr marine terminal at Fao to spill crude into the northern gulf. BBC reported significant volumes of crude in the water off Fao 24 hr after the terminal valves were opened. Mina al Bakr is a considerably smaller terminal than Sea Island, suggesting that the resulting flow of oil would be smaller than that at Sea Island.

  17. NORM Management in the Oil and Gas Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowie, Michael; Mously, Khalid; Fageeha, Osama; Nassar, Rafat

    2008-08-07

    It has been established that Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) accumulates at various locations along the oil/gas production process. Components such as wellheads, separation vessels, pumps, and other processing equipment can become NORM contaminated, and NORM can accumulate in sludge and other waste media. Improper handling and disposal of NORM contaminated equipment and waste can create a potential radiation hazard to workers and the environment. Saudi Aramco Environmental Protection Department initiated a program to identify the extent, form and level of NORM contamination associated with the company operations. Once identified the challenge of managing operations which had a NORM hazard was addressed in a manner that gave due consideration to workers and environmental protection as well as operations' efficiency and productivity. The benefits of shared knowledge, practice and experience across the oil and gas industry are seen as key to the establishment of common guidance on NORM management. This paper outlines Saudi Aramco's experience in the development of a NORM management strategy and its goals of establishing common guidance throughout the oil and gas industry.

  18. Tracing the HIV-1 subtype B mobility in Europe: a phylogeographic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leitner, Thomas; Paraskevis, D; Pybus, O; Magiorkinis, G; Hatzakis, A

    2008-01-01

    The prevalence and the origin of HIV-1 subtype B, the most prevalent circulating clade among the long-term residents in Europe, have been studied extensively. However the spatial diffusion of the epidemic from the perspective of the virus has not previously been traced. In the current study we inferred the migration history of HIV-1 subtype B by way of a phylogeography of viral sequences sampled from 16 European countries and Israel. Migration events were inferred from viral phylogenies by character reconstruction using parsimony. With regard to the spatial dispersal of the HIV subtype B sequences across viral phylogenies, in most of the countries in Europe the epidemic was introduced by multiple sources and subsequently spread within local networks. Poland provides an exception where most of the infections were the result of a single point introduction. According to the significant migratory pathways, we show that there are considerable differences across Europe. Specifically, Greece, Portugal, Serbia and Spain, provide sources shedding HIV-1; Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg, on the other hand, are migratory targets, while for Denmark, Germany, Italy, Israel, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK we inferred significant bidirectional migration. For Poland no significant migratory pathways were inferred. Subtype B phylogeographies provide a new insight about the geographical distribution of viral lineages, as well as the significant pathways of virus dispersal across Europe, suggesting that intervention strategies should also address tourists, travellers and migrants.

  19. Cosmological QCD phase transition in steady non-equilibrium dissipative Ho?avaLifshitz early universe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khodadi, M. Sepangi, H.R.

    2014-07-15

    We study the phase transition from quarkgluon plasma to hadrons in the early universe in the context of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. According to the standard model of cosmology, a phase transition associated with chiral symmetry breaking after the electro-weak transition has occurred when the universe was about 110?s old. We focus attention on such a phase transition in the presence of a viscous relativistic cosmological background fluid in the framework of non-detailed balance Ho?avaLifshitz cosmology within an effective model of QCD. We consider a flat FriedmannRobertsonWalker universe filled with a non-causal and a causal bulk viscous cosmological fluid respectively and investigate the effects of the running coupling constants of Ho?avaLifshitz gravity, ?, on the evolution of the physical quantities relevant to a description of the early universe, namely, the temperature T, scale factor a, deceleration parameter q and dimensionless ratio of the bulk viscosity coefficient to entropy density (?)/s . We assume that the bulk viscosity cosmological background fluid obeys the evolution equation of the steady truncated (Eckart) and full version of the IsraelStewart fluid, respectively. -- Highlights: In this paper we have studied quarkhadron phase transition in the early universe in the context of the Ho?avaLifshitz model. We use a flat FRW universe with the bulk viscosity cosmological background fluid obeying the evolution equation of the steady truncated (Eckart) and full version of the IsraelStewart fluid, respectively.

  20. Tri-Lateral Noor al Salaam High Concentration Solar Central Receiver Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackmon, James B

    2008-03-31

    This report documents the efforts conducted primarily under the Noor al Salaam (“Light of Peace”) program under DOE GRANT NUMBER DE-FC36-02GO12030, together with relevant technical results from a closely related technology development effort, the U.S./Israel Science and Technology Foundation (USISTF) High Concentration Solar Central Receiver program. These efforts involved preliminary design, development, and test of selected prototype power production subsystems and documentation of an initial version of the system definition for a high concentration solar hybrid/gas electrical power plant to be built in Zaafarana, Egypt as a first step in planned commercialization. A major part of the planned work was halted in 2007 with an amendment in October 2007 requiring that we complete the technical effort by December 31, 2007 and provide a final report to DOE within the following 90 days. This document summarizes the work conducted. The USISTF program was a 50/50 cost-shared program supported by the Department of Commerce through the U.S./Israel Science and Technology Commission (USISTC). The USISTC was cooperatively developed by President Clinton and the late Prime Minister Rabin of Israel "to encourage technological collaboration" and "support peace in the Middle East through economic development". The program was conducted as a follow-on effort to Israel's Magnet/CONSOLAR Program, which was an advanced development effort to design, fabricate, and test a solar central receiver and secondary optics for a "beam down" central receiver concept. The status of these hardware development programs is reviewed, since they form the basis for the Noor al Salaam program. Descriptions are provided of the integrated system and the major subsystems, including the heliostat, the high temperature air receiver, the power conversion unit, tower and tower reflector, compound parabolic concentrator, and the master control system. One objective of the USISTF program was to conduct

  1. Permian age from radiolarites of the Hawasina nappes, Oman Mountains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wever, P.D. ); Grissac C.B. ); Bechennec, F. )

    1988-10-01

    The Hawasina napper of the Oman Mountains yielded Permian radiolarians from cherts stratigraphically overlying a thick volcanic basement (Al Jil Formation) at the base of the Hamrat Duru Group. This fauna represents the first Permian radiolarians and radiolarites in the central and western Tethyan realm. A Permain age for pelagic sequences within the Hawasina Complex of Oman has major significance for regional paleogeographic reconstruction. A clear differentiation between platform (reefal sediments) and basin (radiolarites) from the base of the Late Permian (255 Ma) is implied. It suggests a flexure of the platform during Permian time; the present data implies that a zone of rifting was already developed adjacent to the northeast Gondwana platform margin during the Late Permian. The Hamrat Duru Basin corresponds to an opening intracontinental rift area (sphenochasm) between Arabia and northeast Gondwana, a reentrant of the paleo-Tethys.

  2. Subcritical CO{sub 2} retorting vs. supercritical CO{sub 2} extraction of oil shale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vamosi, J.E.; Lee, S.

    1995-12-31

    Carbon dioxide can be used effectively for extraction of hydrocarbons from various oil shales. It can be used for subcritical retorting for enhanced oil recovery as well as for supercritical extraction of hydrocarbons. In this paper, the two modes of carbon dioxide extraction of oil shale were experimentally investigated, compared, and analytically assessed on israel shale. The supercritically extracted oil shows a substantially narrower boiling point distribution, indicating a better quality of product. The supercritical extract also contains a lesser amount of the nitrogen compound that is detrimental to the subsequent catalytic upgrading. However, both supercritical and subcritical carbon dioxide extractions exhibit many advantages in processing and product quality when compared to the conventional nitrogen retorting.

  3. Transitions to alternative energy systems - entrepreneurs, new technologies, and social change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baumgartner, T.; Burns, T.R.

    1984-01-01

    This book offers a comparative analysis of seven case studies that provide insight into the factors that have facilitated or blocked the emergence of alternative energy production and use systems. The authors suggest that the actors (public or private, individual or collective) who provide information and know-how are extremely important in determining the speed with which a new energy technology is adopted. They stress the importance of incorporating legal, organizational, institutional, and social factors with economic and technical considerations in planning and managing the energy transition process. The case studies analysed are: solar branch development in Israel; solar water heating in California; wind energy in Denmark; heat pump use in the Federal Republic of Germany; geothermal electricity in California; wood for industrial energy in northern New England; peat for energy in Finland.

  4. Agreement to provide energy planning, analysis, and evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    Three separate subjects are analyzed: (1) the incremental pricing requirements of LNG projects, (2) cooperative Arab/Israeli energy programs based on natural gas, and (3) the effects of the 1978 Natural Gas Policy Act on the country as a whole and particularly on Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. The studies found that (1) incremental pricing of LNG complicates the financing of LNG projects and reduces the number of viable projects, leading to increased oil and LP-gas imports, (2) cooperative gas-utilization ventures between Egypt and Israel should aim at developing a regional pipeline network, constructing export facilities, and producing chemical feedstocks, and (3) the peculiarities of each region of the US, along with the interdependency of the factors involved in assessing the NGPA's impact on each region, complicate any attempt to quantify the act's effects, but the profile constructed for Region 5 will facilitate quantification when more data become available.

  5. Pressure deflected: Japan and the 1973 Arab oil embargo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burridge, J.M.

    1988-01-01

    Japanese policy toward the Arab states for the five years before the embargo are compared with the five years that followed. Significant events from October 1973 through the February 1974 Washington Conference are described on a virtually daily basis. The study concludes that the late 1973 oil-supply reduction did not result in significantly greater Japanese political support or economic assistance in the 1974-1978 period. Japan did not even carry the only specific commitment in the November 22 statement - that it would reconsider relations with Israel if that country didn't withdraw from the occupied Arab territories. Many factors contributed to this failure - American counter-pressure, Arab disunity, and a worldwide drop in oil demand. In terms of political demands, neither OAPEC nor any individual Arab state ever articulated any specific actions Japan was to take. Finally, the supply of oil was rapidly depoliticized after 1974.

  6. Learning to live with OPEC oil: the Arab view

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    Either OPEC or a similar Middle East organizaiton will recapture the dominant role in oil market as non-OPEC oil sources are depleted. An interview with Ali Ahmed Attiga of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) suggests the possibility of another embargo, but emphasizes the common bond that both oil-importing and oil-exporting countries have if they become over-dependent on oil. Attiga points out that OAPEC will produce 40% of the energy consumed at the end of 10 years. He credits the 1973 embargo with reminding the US of its vital interest in the Arab world, but admits it did not accomplish the withdrawal of Israel from occupied territory. In response to other questions Attiga doubts other producers will join OPEC, explains OPEC pricing and production policies, and describes its development programs. 1 figure.

  7. High quality draft genome sequence of Brachymonas chironomi AIMA4T (DSM 19884T) isolated from a Chironomus sp. egg mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laviad, Sivan; Lapidus, Alla; Han, James; Haynes, Matthew; Reddy, TBK; Huntemann, Marcel; Pati, Amrita; Ivanova, Natalia N.; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Lang, Elke; Rohde, Manfred; Markowitz, Victor; Woyke, Tanja; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Halpern, Malka

    2015-05-27

    Brachymonas chironomi strain AIMA4T (Halpern et al., 2009) is a Gram-negative, non-motile, aerobic, chemoorganotroph bacterium. B. chironomi is a member of the Comamonadaceae, a family within the class Betaproteobacteria. This species was isolated from a chironomid (Diptera; Chironomidae) egg mass, sampled from a waste stabilization pond in northern Israel. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences placed strain AIMA4T in the genus Brachymonas. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. We find the DNA GC content is 63.5%. The chromosome length is 2,509,395 bp. It encodes 2,382 proteins and 68 RNA genes. Brachymonas chironomi genome is part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Type Strains, Phase I: the one thousand microbial genomes (KMG) project.

  8. High quality draft genome sequence of Brachymonas chironomi AIMA4T (DSM 19884T) isolated from a Chironomus sp. egg mass

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Laviad, Sivan; Lapidus, Alla; Han, James; Haynes, Matthew; Reddy, TBK; Huntemann, Marcel; Pati, Amrita; Ivanova, Natalia N.; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Lang, Elke; et al

    2015-05-27

    Brachymonas chironomi strain AIMA4T (Halpern et al., 2009) is a Gram-negative, non-motile, aerobic, chemoorganotroph bacterium. B. chironomi is a member of the Comamonadaceae, a family within the class Betaproteobacteria. This species was isolated from a chironomid (Diptera; Chironomidae) egg mass, sampled from a waste stabilization pond in northern Israel. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences placed strain AIMA4T in the genus Brachymonas. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. We find the DNA GC content is 63.5%. The chromosome length is 2,509,395 bp. It encodes 2,382 proteins andmore » 68 RNA genes. Brachymonas chironomi genome is part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Type Strains, Phase I: the one thousand microbial genomes (KMG) project.« less

  9. A stochastic model for the measurement of electricity outage costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grosfeld-Nir, A.; Tishler, A. (Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel))

    1993-01-01

    The measurement of customer outage costs has recently become an important subject of research for electric utilities. This paper uses a stochastic dynamic model as the starting point in developing a market-based method for the evaluation of outage costs. Specifically, the model postulates that once an electricity outage occurs, all production activity stops. Full production is resumed once the electricity outage is over. This process repeats itself indefinitely. The business customer maximizes his expected discounted profits (the expected value of the firm), taking into account his limited ability to respond to repeated random electricity outages. The model is applied to 11 industrial branches in Israel. The estimates exhibit a large variation across branches. 34 refs., 3 tabs.

  10. (Interaction of charged particles with matter)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crawford, O.H.

    1990-12-05

    This report covers the activity of the traveler participating in a workshop entitled The 13th Werner Brandt Workshop on the Interaction of Charged Particles with Solids and conducting collaborative research with two physicists at Tokyo University. The Werner Brandt Workshops are organized by members of the traveler's group, led by Dr. R. H. Ritchie, with advice from an international committee. The traveler participated in planning for the next in the series of workshops, which will be held in or near the traveler's home base. Oak Ridge, Tennessee, in early 1992. He interacted with scientists from Japan, Spain, USSR, Israel, and other countries, initiated plans for a new collaboration with a Japanese scientist, and renewed existing collaborations, At Tokyo University, the traveler performed collaborative research with Professors Y. Yamazaki and K. Komaki on two topics of importance to the traveler's programs with the Department of Energy (DOE).

  11. The International Energy Agency`s role in world-wide wind energy development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rangi, R.; Ancona, D.

    1997-12-31

    Wind energy is now being deployed world-wide at a rapidly increasing rate and the International Energy Agency (IEA) has a changing role in its growth. IEA was founded in 1974 within the framework of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to collaborate on comprehensive international energy programs. IEA membership consists of eighteen parties from sixteen countries and the European Commission. Recently there has been increasing interest in IEA participation from both OECD and non-OECD countries. Non-OECD countries participating in various IEA Agreements include: China, India, Israel, Korea, and Russia. Because of its diverse international makeup, the IEA is viewed as a source of reliable technical and economic information. The World Bank has approached the Executive Committee for Wind Energy R & D, through the IEA Renewable Energy Working Party, to assist in the expansion of wind deployment. In addition, IEA is moving from R & D programs to include tracking of implementation incentives offered by its members.

  12. Seasonal thermal energy storage in unsaturated soils: Model development and field validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doughty, C.; Nir, Aharon, Tsang, Chin-Fu

    1991-06-01

    This report summarizes ten years of activity carried out at the Earth Sciences Division of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBI) in the subject of seasonal storage of thermal energy in unsaturated soils. The objectives of the work were to make a conceptual study of this type of storage, to offer guidelines for planning and evaluation of the method, to produce models and simulation for an actual field experiment, to participate in an on-line data analysis of experimental results. and to evaluate the results in terms of the validation of the concept, models and the experimental techniques. The actual field experiments were performed in Beer-Sheva, Israel. Details of engineering and field operations are not included in this report.

  13. Initial appraisal of solar thermal electric energy in Tibet and Xinjiang Provinces, People`s Republic of China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Junfeng; Zhu Li; Liu Zhan; Zhang Yuan; Washom, B.; Kolb, G.

    1998-07-01

    At the request of US sponsors Spencer Management Associates (SMA) and Sun{diamond}Lab, China`s Center for Renewable Energy Development and former Ministry of Electric Power conducted an initial appraisal of the issues involved with developing China`s first solar thermal electric power plant in the sunbelt regions of Tibet or Xinjiang provinces. The appraisal concerns development of a large-scale, grid-connected solar trough or tower project capable of producing 30 or more megawatts of electricity. Several of the findings suggest that Tibet could be a niche market for solar thermal power because a solar plant may be the low-cost option relative to other methods of generating electricity. China has studied the concept of a solar thermal power plant for quite some time. In 1992, it completed a pre-feasibility study for a SEGS-type parabolic trough plant with the aid of Israel`s United Development Limited. Because the findings were positive, both parties agreed to conduct a full-scale feasibility study. However, due to funding constraints, the study was postponed. Most recently, Sun{diamond}Lab and SMA asked China to broaden the analysis to include tower as well as trough concepts. The findings of this most recent investigation completed i November of 1997, are the subject of this paper. The main conclusions of all studies conducted to date suggest that a region in the proximity of Lhasa, Tibet, offers the best near-term opportunity within China. The opportunities for solar thermal power plants in other regions of China were also investigated.

  14. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM 2.5 and PM 10 mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regionalmore » sources are characterized by pollution transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ångström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ångström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing.« less

  15. Tracing the transport of anthropogenic lead in the atmosphere and in soils using isotopic ratios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erel, Y.; Veron, A.; Halicz, L.

    1997-11-01

    The isotopic composition of lead in aerosols and soils in Israel is used to characterize the sources of anthropogenic lead in the region, to ascertain the isotopic composition of natural, rock-derived lead in specific areas, and to determine rates of anthropogenic lead migration in soils. The isotopic composition of lead currently emitted from cars in Israel ({sup 206}Pb/{sup 207}Pb = 1.115 {+-} 2) is controlled by alkyl-lead produced in France and Germany. In addition to petrol-lead, two more sources of anthropogenic lead can be detected in sampled aerosols; the first one has low concentrations of lead ({approximately} ng/m{sup 3}) and {sup 206}Pb/{sup 207}Pb {approximately} 1.157, and is most likely lead, emitted in Turkey, that traveled across the eastern Mediterranean basin; the second type of aerosols contains a mixture of lead emitted in several countries including Turkey, Greece, and Ukraine ({sup 206}Pb/{sup 207}Pb value of 1.155-1.160; [Pb] {approximately}20-30 ng/m{sup 3}). Anthropogenic lead is more accessible for acid leaching than natural lead, therefore, it is more labile in the soil. The isotopic composition of lead in the acid-leached fraction of near-road soil profiles records the history of alkyl-lead emission in the country. Based on changes in the isotopic composition of lead with soil depth, it is estimated that anthropogenic lead migrates into the soil at approximately 0.5 cm/y. A soil profile from a relatively remote area is less contaminated by anthropogenic lead and displays a different distribution of lead isotopic values with depth. The isotopic composition of lead suggests that natural lead in soils developed on carbonate bedrock is derived from clays, either from the rock-residue (the clay fraction in the carbonate bedrock), or from airborne clay, but not from lead released from the carbonate fraction in the rock. 44 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Consumptive water use in the production of ethanonl and petroleum gasoline.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, M.; Mintz, M.; Wang, M.; Arora, S.; Energy Systems

    2009-01-30

    The production of energy feedstocks and fuels requires substantial water input. Not only do biofuel feedstocks like corn, switchgrass, and agricultural residues need water for growth and conversion to ethanol, but petroleum feedstocks like crude oil and oil sands also require large volumes of water for drilling, extraction, and conversion into petroleum products. Moreover, in many cases, crude oil production is increasingly water dependent. Competing uses strain available water resources and raise the specter of resource depletion and environmental degradation. Water management has become a key feature of existing projects and a potential issue in new ones. This report examines the growing issue of water use in energy production by characterizing current consumptive water use in liquid fuel production. As used throughout this report, 'consumptive water use' is the sum total of water input less water output that is recycled and reused for the process. The estimate applies to surface and groundwater sources for irrigation but does not include precipitation. Water requirements are evaluated for five fuel pathways: bioethanol from corn, ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks, gasoline from Canadian oil sands, Saudi Arabian crude, and U.S. conventional crude from onshore wells. Regional variations and historic trends are noted, as are opportunities to reduce water use.

  17. Use of fine gridding in full field simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greaser, G.R.; Doerr, T.C.; Chea, C.; Parvez, N.

    1995-10-01

    A full field 3D simulation study was completed for a large Saudi Arabian oilfield located in the Arabian Gulf. The subject field produced from a highly layered Arab D carbonate reservoir which exhibited a strong water drive. The objective of the study was to determine future platform locations and timing with respect to water encroachment. The large areal extent (13{times}23 km) and highly layered nature of this reservoir necessitated use of coarse grids in order to obtain a reasonable model size. The coarse grid model was constructed with 86,000 grid cells. Using the coarse model, prediction studies showed an advantage to future platform development with horizontal wells. However, these results were suspect since it was thought that the coarse cell model may not properly model water coning and encroachment around the horizontal wellbores. To improve the modeling of water movement, fine grid numerical simulation techniques were investigated. This paper discusses the use of sector and local grid refinement modeling techniques with commercially available software. Fine grid simulation studies were conducted for a proposed new platform. The fine grid simulation studies showed significantly different results compared with the coarse model predictions. The fine grid simulation results will be discussed, the two fine grid simulation techniques will be compared, and reasons presented why performance differences exist. Performance of the fine grid models on an Unix RISC based workstation is included.

  18. Oil dependence and Thai foreign-policy behavior during the Arab-Israeli war of October 1973

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keophumihae, S.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explain Thai foreign-policy behavior toward the Arab-Israeli conflict during the Arab oil embargo of 1973-1974 in the wake of the October 1973 War. The major hypothesis is that Thai foreign policy behavior shifted from a neutral to a pro-Arab position after the Arab oil embargo. This shift was motivated by Thai oil-import dependence on OAPEC (Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries). Oil has assumed an economic as well as a political dimension. Therefore, its political influence over the oil-dependent states cannot be dismissed. Thai foreign-policy behavior in the Arab-Israeli conflict is analyzed through the use of the dependence approach, which contends that external reliance is a potent factor for explaining behavior of actors. Thailand's foreign-policy stand is first delineated through the use of documents containing policy statements by Thai delegates to the United Nations. It was found that although Thai public policy statements were never bluntly anti-Israel, they moved from between neutrality before the oil crisis to a pro-Arab position after the oil crisis of 1973-1974. This shift of Thailand's foreign policy behavior position was then measured against its UN voting records. Results of the voting analysis indicated that the shifting of Thai foreign policy behavior during the October war was motivated by Thailand's oil-import dependence.

  19. North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

    1991-03-01

    The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

  20. The generalized Erlangen program and setting a geometry for four- dimensional conformal fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ne`eman, Y. |; Hehl, F.W.; Mielke, E.W.

    1993-10-22

    This is the text of a talk at the International Symposium on ``Mathematical Physics towards the XXI Century`` held in March 1993 at Beersheva, Israel. In the first part we attempt to summarize XXth Century Physics, in the light of Kelvin`s 1900 speech ``Dark Clouds over XIXth Century Physics.`` Contrary to what is usually said, Kelvin predicted that the ``clouds`` (relativity and quantum mechanics) would revolutionize physics and that one hundred years might be needed to harmonize them with classical physics. Quantum Gravity can be considered as a leftover from Kelvin`s program -- so are the problems with the interpretation of quantum mechanics. At the end of the XXth Century, the Standard Model is the new panoramic synthesis, drawn in gauge-geometric lines -- realizing the Erlangen program beyond F. Klein`s expectations. The hierarchy problem and the smallness of the cosmological constant are our ``clouds``, generations and the Higgs sector are to us what radioactivity was in 1900. In the second part we describe Metric-Affine spacetimes. We construct the Noether machinery and provide expressions for the conserved energy and hypermomentum. Superimposing conformal invariance over the affine structure induces the Virasoro-like infinite constraining algebra of diffeomorphisms, applied with constant parameters and opening the possibility of a 4DCFT, similar to 2DCFT.