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Sample records for irrigation district twin

  1. Twin Falls District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    District Jump to: navigation, search Name: BML Twin Falls District Office Address: 2536 Kimberly Road Place: Twin Falls, ID Zip: 83301 Phone Number: 208-736-2350 Website:...

  2. Merced Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Irrigation District Place: California Website: mercedid.com Twitter: @MercedID Facebook: https:www.facebook.comMercedIrrigationDistrict Outage Hotline: 209-722-3041...

  3. Turlock Irrigation District- PV Rebate

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Turlock Irrigation District (TID) offers an incentive program to their customers who install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. In keeping with the terms of the California Solar Initiative, the inc...

  4. PP-174 Imperial Irrigation District | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    4 Imperial Irrigation District PP-174 Imperial Irrigation District Presidential permit authorizing Imperial Irrigation District to construct, operate, and maintain electric ...

  5. Turlock Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    @TurlockID Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesTurlock-Irrigation-District112344728820408 Outage Hotline: 209-883-8301 or (209) 892-4936 (from Patterson) Outage Map:...

  6. Nevada Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Nevada Irrigation District Place: California Website: nidwater.com Outage Hotline: (530) 273-6185 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  7. BLM Twin Falls District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Falls District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Twin Falls District Office Address: 2536 Kimberly Road Place: Twin Falls, ID Zip: 83301 Phone Number: 208-735-2060...

  8. Merced Irrigation District- PV Buydown Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Merced Irrigation District (MID) offers its residential, commercial and non-profit customers a rebate for installing solar electric photovoltaic (PV) systems on their homes and offices. For 2015,...

  9. South San Joaquin Irrigation District

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Benefits of Local Control * Local accountability and transparency * Rate design based on ... service, innovation Utility Business Models * Rural Electric Co-ops * Irrigation ...

  10. Modesto Irrigation District- New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modesto Irrigation District's MPower New Home Program provides incentives to builders and homeowners for designing and building energy-efficient homes. Eligible homes must meet the guidelines for...

  11. Tonopah Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    District Place: Arizona Phone Number: (480) 610-8741 Website: www.krsaline.comtidtid.html Outage Hotline: 480.610.8741 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  12. Imperial Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    District Place: California Phone Number: 800-303-7756 Website: www.iid.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.comIIDEnergy Outage Hotline: (800) 303-7756 References: EIA...

  13. Modesto Irrigation District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modesto Irrigation District’s Home Rebate Program offers residential customers cash rebates for the purchase and installation of qualifying energy efficient products installed in existing homes....

  14. Modesto Irrigation District- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modesto Irrigation District’s Commercial Power Saver Rebate Program offers incentives to commercial, industrial, and agricultural customers for the purchase and installation of qualifying energy...

  15. Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    determine the sources of sediment and recommend solutions for irrigation sediment buildup management. April 3, 2012 Santa Cruz Irrigation District (SCID) Kenny Salazar, owner of...

  16. Case studies of the legal and institutional obstacles and incentives to the development of small-scale hydroelectric power: South Columbia Basin Irrigation District, Pasco, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, L.

    1980-05-01

    The case study concerns two modern human uses of the Columbia River - irrigation aimed at agricultural land reclamation and hydroelectric power. The Grand Coulee Dam has become synonomous with large-scale generation of hydroelectric power providing the Pacific Northwest with some of the least-expensive electricity in the United States. The Columbia Basin Project has created a half-million acres of farmland in Washington out of a spectacular and vast desert. The South Columbia River Basin Irrigation District is seeking to harness the energy present in the water which already runs through its canals, drains, and wasteways. The South District's development strategy is aimed toward reducing the costs its farmers pay for irrigation and raising the capital required to serve the remaining 550,000 acres originally planned as part of the Columbia Basin Project. The economic, institutional, and regulatory problems of harnessing the energy at site PEC 22.7, one of six sites proposed for development, are examined in this case study.

  17. IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    As such, these public entities face many water-energy nexus issues on a daily basis. We are writing to you today because of our great concern that this is a top-down, command and ...

  18. Buckeye Water C&D District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Buckeye Water C&D District (Redirected from Buckeye Irrigation District) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Buckeye Water C&D District Place: Arizona Phone Number: 623-386-2196...

  19. Oregon's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Irrigation District Davenport Power LLC Energy Outfitters Ltd Geopower Texas Co IdaTech plc Inland Pacific Energy Center Joseph Millworks Northwest Geothermal Company Northwestern...

  20. Asymmetric twin Dark Matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farina, Marco

    2015-11-09

    We study a natural implementation of Asymmetric Dark Matter in Twin Higgs models. The mirroring of the Standard Model strong sector suggests that a twin baryon with mass around 5 GeV is a natural Dark Matter candidate once a twin baryon number asymmetry comparable to the SM asymmetry is generated. We explore twin baryon Dark Matter in two different scenarios, one with minimal content in the twin sector and one with a complete copy of the SM, including a light twin photon. The essential requirements for successful thermal history are presented, and in doing so we address some of the cosmological issues common to many Twin Higgs models. The required interactions we introduce predict signatures at direct detection experiments and at the LHC.

  1. Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Management Department Website http:www.mid.orgrebatescommercialdefault.html State California Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting Measures: 250kW...

  2. Modesto Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes This article is a...

  3. Largest irrigated district in the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-10-02

    The geothermal administration report includes the following: status of transfer of Imperial Valley Environmental Project, status of data cataloging and storage, findings of geothermal field inspections, status of cooperative efforts between industry and the County for commercialization, problems in local geothermal commercialization and recommendations for action, and the status of geothermal exploration development and production in the County. The number and types of applications for geothermal energy received, results of hearings on applications, permits issued, and EIR prepared are discussed. Other geothermal activities include the Department of Energy Region 9 meeting in April, the Department of Energy Direct Heat Developers meeting held in El Centro in April, and a new drilling company in the County. These are followed by the summary of events. (MHR)

  4. Modesto Irrigation District- Photovoltaic Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Note: As of May 20, 2015, all funding for 2015 has been exhausted. See program website for updates. 

  5. Modesto Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 SGIC2 Energy Information Administration Form 8263 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 12745 Utility Location Yes Ownership P...

  6. QER - Comment of Irrigation & Electrical Districts Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Association of Arizona From: Robert S. Lynch RSLynch@rslynchaty.com Sent: Monday, August 18, 2014 7:26 PM To: QERcomments CC: Kevin Kinsall; James Ogsbury; ...

  7. Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

  8. 'Smart' Irrigation Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hastbacka, Mildred; Dieckmann, John; Brodrick, James

    2012-08-31

    The article discusses the ASHRAE Standard 189, with mandatory and optional provisions related to water use efficiency, then focuses on the use of water efficient irrigation systems and the use of recycled water such as air conditioner condensate for landscaping irrigation. Benefits of such practices include both water and energy savings.

  9. Idaho Power- Irrigation Efficiency Rewards Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through Idaho Power's Irrigation Efficiency Rewards program, agricultural irrigation customers qualify to receive an incentive for a portion of the cost to install a new, more efficient irrigation...

  10. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    6 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. Presidential Permit authorizing Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. to construct, operate, and maintain ...

  11. EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    8 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC Order authorizing Twin Cities Energy, LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC (2.95 MB) More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC EA-344-A Twin Cities Power

  12. Modesto Irrigation District Smart Grid Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    consider implementation of time-based rate programs in the future.Cite error: Closing missing for tag Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found...

  13. PP-90-1 Imperial Irrigation District | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    More Documents & Publications Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-334 Baja Wind Transmission, LLC PP-92 El Paso Electric Company (EPE) PP-94 Central Power & Light ...

  14. Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    State Washington Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount RefrigeratorFreezer Recycling: 30 Water Heaters: 100 Windows: 6sq. ft. Heat Pumps: 450 Duct Sealing: 400 -...

  15. Modesto Irrigation District- Commercial New Construction Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The MPower Business New Construction Rebate Program is available to commercial, industrial, or agricultural customers that presently or will receive electric service from MID. Accounts billed on FL...

  16. Modesto Irrigation District- Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The MPower Custom Rebate Program is available to larger commercial, industrial or agricultural customers that replace existing equipment or systems with high efficiency equipment.  To be eligible...

  17. Turlock Irrigation District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    To be eligible for rebates, applications (including proof of purchase) must be received within 6 months. For program guidelines and additional information, visit the website listed above.

  18. MHK Projects/Western Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesEnCurrent Turbine Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys << Return to the MHK database...

  19. Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature...

  20. Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  1. Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  2. Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low...

  3. Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  4. Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  5. Desert landscape irrigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinones, R.

    1995-06-01

    Industrialization can take place in an arid environment if a long term, overall water management program is developed. The general rule to follow is that recharge must equal or exceed use. The main problem encountered in landscape projects is that everyone wants a lush jungle setting, tall shade trees, ferns, with a variety of floral arrangements mixed in. What we want, what we can afford, and what we get are not always the same. Vegetation that requires large quantities of water are not native to any desert. Surprisingly; there are various types of fruit trees, and vegetables that will thrive in the desert. Peaches, plums, nut trees, do well with drip irrigation as well as tomatoes. Shaded berry plans will also do well, the strawberry being one. In summary; if we match our landscape to our area, we can then design our irrigation system to maintain our landscape and grow a variety of vegetation in any arid or semiarid environment. The application of science and economics to landscaping has now come of age.

  6. Government of Maharashtra irrigation Department GOMID | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    irrigation Department (GOMID) Place: Maharashtra, India Sector: Hydro Product: Mumbai-based small hydro project developer. References: Government of Maharashtra irrigation...

  7. Idaho Power- Irrigation Efficiency Rewards Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Through Idaho Power's Irrigation Efficiency Rewards program, agricultural irrigation customers can qualify to receive an incentive for a portion of the cost to install a new, more efficient...

  8. Exotic quarks in Twin Higgs models

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Cheng, Hsin -Chia; Jung, Sunghoon; Salvioni, Ennio; Tsai, Yuhsin

    2016-03-14

    The Twin Higgs model provides a natural theory for the electroweak symmetry breaking without the need of new particles carrying the standard model gauge charges below a few TeV. In the low energy theory, the only probe comes from the mixing of the Higgs fields in the standard model and twin sectors. However, an ultraviolet completion is required below ~ 10 TeV to remove residual logarithmic divergences. In non-supersymmetric completions, new exotic fermions charged under both the standard model and twin gauge symmetries have to be present to accompany the top quark, thus providing a high energy probe of themore » model. Some of them carry standard model color, and may therefore be copiously produced at current or future hadron colliders. Once produced, these exotic quarks can decay into a top together with twin sector particles. If the twin sector particles escape the detection, we have the irreducible stop-like signals. On the other hand, some twin sector particles may decay back into the standard model particles with long lifetimes, giving spectacular displaced vertex signals in combination with the prompt top quarks. This happens in the Fraternal Twin Higgs scenario with typical parameters, and sometimes is even necessary for cosmological reasons. We study the potential displaced vertex signals from the decays of the twin bottomonia, twin glueballs, and twin leptons in the Fraternal Twin Higgs scenario. As a result, depending on the details of the twin sector, the exotic quarks may be probed up to ~ 2.5 TeV at the LHC and beyond 10 TeV at a future 100 TeV collider, providing a strong test of this class of ultraviolet completions.« less

  9. Twin Creeks Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name: Twin Creeks Technologies Place: San Jose, California Zip: 95134 Product: California-based silicon-based thin-film PV startup in...

  10. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. Application from Twin Rivers ...

  11. EA-344-A_Twin_Cities_Recission_CN.pdf

    Energy Savers

    44 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC Order authorizing Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA- 344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC (2.94 MB) More Documents & Publications EA-344-A Twin Cities Power EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-324 Emera Energy Services Subsidiary No. 4 LLC

  12. Twin Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Twin Springs Resort...

  13. Twin Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Twin...

  14. Twin Springs Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Springs Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Twin Springs...

  15. EA-344-A Twin Cities Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4-A Twin Cities Power EA-344-A Twin Cities Power Order authorizing Royal Bank of Canada to export electric energy to Canada EA-344-A Twin Cities Power (462.79 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC EA-342 Royal Bank of Canada EA-342-A Royal Bank of Canada

  16. Intragranular twinning, detwinning, and twinning-like lattice reorientation in magnesium alloys

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Wu, Wei; Gao, Yanfei; Oak Ridge National Lab.; Li, Nan; Parish, Chad M.; Liu, Wenjun; Liaw, Peter K.; An, Ke

    2016-09-11

    We present that deformation twinning plays a critical role on improving metals or alloys ductility, especially for hexagonal close-packed materials with low symmetry crystal structure. A rolled Mg alloy was selected as a model system to investigate the extension twinning behaviors and characteristics of parent-twin interactions by nondestructive in situ 3D synchrotron X-ray microbeam diffraction. Besides twinning- detwinning process, the twinning-like lattice reorientation process was captured within an individual grain inside a bulk material during the strain reversal. The distributions of parent, twin, and reorientated grains and sub-micron level strain variation across the twin boundary are revealed. A theoretical calculationmore » of the lattice strain confirms that the internal strain distribution in parent and twinned grains correlates with the experimental setup, grain orientation of parent, twin, and surrounding grains, as well as the strain path changes. In conclusion, the study suggests a novel deformation mechanism within the hexagonal close-packed structure that cannot be determined from surface-based characterization methods.« less

  17. Economic impacts of irrigation load management controls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, D.C. )

    1988-01-01

    Irrigators subject to load management controls experience electric power interruptions during periods of peak power demand. The resulting interruptions in irrigation pumping may result in moisture stress-induced crop yield reductions. The results of analysis show a great sensitivity of irrigator incomes to such yield losses. The sensitivity is of such a magnitude that rural electric cooperatives (RECs) would have to offer load management incentives of at least five times their monthly demand charges for irrigators under typical conditions (not oversized irrigation pumps) to remain under load control when irrigated crops are experiencing yield-reducing moisture stress. Incentives of this magnitude cannot be economically justified by most RECs. Thus, provision for the voluntary withdrawal of irrigators from load control is an essential feature of most workable and effective irrigation laod management programs.

  18. Measuring Transpiration to Regulate Winter Irrigation Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samuelson, Lisa [Auburn University] [Auburn University

    2006-11-08

    Periodic transpiration (monthly sums) in a young loblolly pine plantation between ages 3 and 6 was measured using thermal dissipation probes. Fertilization and fertilization with irrigation were better than irrigation alone in increasing transpiration of young loblolly pines during winter months, apparently because of increased leaf area in fertilized trees. Irrigation alone did not significantly increase transpiration compared with the non-fertilized and non-irrigated control plots.

  19. Twin Groves II (08) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    8) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Groves II (08) Wind Farm Facility Twin Groves II (08) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  20. Twin Groves II (07) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    7) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Groves II (07) Wind Farm Facility Twin Groves II (07) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  1. EA-366 TWIN RIVERS PAPER CO INC. | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Twin Rivers Paper Co to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon EA-366 Twin Rivers CN.pdf More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No....

  2. Category:Congressional Districts | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    19th congressional district California's 1st congressional district California's 20th congressional district California's 21st congressional district California's 22nd...

  3. Twinning effect on photoluminescence spectra of ZnSe nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Jing; Wang, Chunrui Wu, Binhe; Xu, Xiaofeng; Chen, Xiaoshuang; Oh, Hongseok; Baek, Hyeonjun; Yi, Gyu-Chul

    2014-11-07

    Bandgap engineering in a single material along the axial length of nanowires may be realized by arranging periodic twinning, whose twin plane is vertical to the axial length of nanowires. In this paper, we report the effect of twin on photoluminescence of ZnSe nanowires, which refers to the bandgap of it. The exciton-related emission peaks of transverse twinning ZnSe nanowires manifest a 10-meV-blue-shift in comparison with those of longitudinal twinning ZnSe nanowires. The blue-shift is attributed to quantum confinement effect, which is influenced severely by the proportion of wurtzite ZnSe layers in ZnSe nanowires.

  4. Missouri Clean Energy District

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2010 Missouri enacted the Property Assessed Clean Energy Act, which led to the creation of the statewide Missouri Clean Energy District (MCED) in January 2011.

  5. District cooling gets hot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seeley, R.S.

    1996-07-01

    Utilities across the country are adopting cool storage methods, such as ice-storage and chilled-water tanks, as an economical and environmentally safe way to provide cooling for cities and towns. The use of district cooling, in which cold water or steam is pumped to absorption chillers and then to buildings via a central community chiller plant, is growing strongly in the US. In Chicago, San Diego, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, and elsewhere, independent district-energy companies and utilities are refurbishing neglected district-heating systems and adding district cooling, a technology first developed approximately 35 years ago.

  6. Irrigation, Navigation Flood Control and Recreation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Irrigation,-Navigation-Flood-Control-and-Recreation- Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand...

  7. Agricultural Irrigation Demand Response Estimation Tool

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2014-02-01

    This program is used to model the energy demand of agricultural irrigation pumps, used to maintain soil moisture levels in irrigated fields. This modeling is accomplished using historical data from evapotranspirationmeasuring weather stations (from the California Irrigation Management Information System) as well as irrigation system characteristics for the field(s) to be modeled. The modelled energy demand is used to estimate the achievable demand response (DR) potential of the field(s), for use in assessing the valuemore » of the DR for the utility company. The program can accept input data with varying degrees of rigor, and estimate the uncertainty of the output accordingly.« less

  8. Twinned silicon and germanium nanocrystals: Formation, stability and quantum confinement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Ting; Pi, Xiaodong Ni, Zhenyi; Zhang, Hui; Yang, Deren

    2015-03-15

    Although twins are often observed in Si/Ge nanocrystals (NCs), little theoretical investigation has been carried out to understand this type of important planar defects in Si/Ge NCs. We now study the twinning of Si/Ge NCs in the frame work of density functional theory by representatively considering single-twinned and fivefold-twinned Si/Ge NCs. It is found that the formation of twinned Si/Ge NCs is thermodynamically possible. The effect of twinning on the formation of Si NCs is different from that of Ge NCs. For both Si and Ge NCs twinning enhances their stability. The quantum confinement effect is weakened by twinning for Si NCs. Twinning actually enhances the quantum confinement of Ge NCs when they are small (<136 atoms), while weakening the quantum confinement of Ge NCs as their size is large (>136 atoms). The current results help to better understand the experimental work on twinned Si/Ge NCs and guide the tuning of Si/Ge-NC structures for desired properties.

  9. District of Columbia - Compare - U.S. Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (EIA) District of Columbia District of Columbia

  10. District of Columbia - Rankings - U.S. Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (EIA) District of Columbia District of Columbia

  11. District of Columbia - Search - U.S. Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (EIA) District of Columbia District of Columbia

  12. Stirling Engines and Irrigation Pumping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, C.D.

    1987-01-01

    This report was prepared in support of the Renewable Energy Applications and Training Project that is sponsored by the U.S. Agency for International Development for which ORNL provides technical assistance. It briefly outlines the performance that might be achievable from various kinds of Stirling-engine-driven irrigation pumps. Some emphasis is placed on the very simple liquid-piston engines that have been the subject of research in recent years and are suitable for manufacture in less well-developed countries. In addition to the results quoted here (possible limits on M4 and pumping head for different-size engines and various operating conditions), the method of calculation is described in sufficient detail for engineers to apply the techniques to other Stirling engine designs for comparison.

  13. Geothermal District Heating Economics

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1995-07-12

    GEOCITY is a large-scale simulation model which combines both engineering and economic submodels to systematically calculate the cost of geothermal district heating systems for space heating, hot-water heating, and process heating based upon hydrothermal geothermal resources. The GEOCITY program simulates the entire production, distribution, and waste disposal process for geothermal district heating systems, but does not include the cost of radiators, convectors, or other in-house heating systems. GEOCITY calculates the cost of district heating basedmore » on the climate, population, and heat demand of the district; characteristics of the geothermal resource and distance from the distribution center; well-drilling costs; design of the distribution system; tax rates; and financial conditions.« less

  14. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-358 Twin...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Application from Twin Cities Energy, LLC to export electric energy to Canada Application ... EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC Application to Export ...

  15. EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    44 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC Order authorizing Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA- 344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC (2.94 MB) More Documents & Publications EA-344-A Twin Cities Power EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-324 Emera Energy Services Subsidiary No. 4 LLC

  16. Idaho Power- Irrigation Efficiency Rewards Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Idaho Power provides incentives for energy-efficient equipment and design in irrigation systems. Incentives are available for a wide variety of specific equipment types as well as custom projects....

  17. Public Utility District #1 Of Jefferson County

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Commissioners July 2,2008 Dana Roberts, District 1 M. Kelly Hays, District 2 Wayne G. King, District 3 Mark Gendron, Vice President Northwest Requirements Marketing James G....

  18. BLM Prineville District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Prineville District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Prineville District Office Place: Prineville, Oregon References: BLM Prineville District Office Directory1 This...

  19. BLM Vale District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Vale District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Vale District Office Place: Vale, Oregon ParentHolding Organization: BLM References: BLM Vale District Office...

  20. Westlands Water District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Westlands Water District Jump to: navigation, search Name: Westlands Water District Place: California Sector: Solar Product: Water district in central California which administers...

  1. Southern Nevada Health District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Health District Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Southern Nevada Health District Author Southern Nevada Health District Published...

  2. Metro Wastewater Reclamation District Biomass Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wastewater Reclamation District Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Metro Wastewater Reclamation District Biomass Facility Facility Metro Wastewater Reclamation...

  3. Public Meeting: Draft Renewable Energy and Efficient Energy Projects Loan Guarantee Solicitation- Twin Cities, MN

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Institute on the Environment, Learning & Environmental Sciences, R-380

  4. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-358 Twin Cities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy, LLC | Department of Energy 8 Twin Cities Energy, LLC Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC Application from Twin Cities Energy, LLC to export electric energy to Canada Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No, EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC (215.51 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-366 Twin Rivers Paper

  5. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Company, Inc. | Department of Energy Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. Application from Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. (5.75 MB) More Documents & Publications PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper

  6. Rainwater Availability for Landscape Irrigation Map | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    for Landscape Irrigation Map Rainwater Availability for Landscape Irrigation Map Harvested rainwater can provide a key source of landscape irrigation for federal facilities. Rainwater harvesting systems capture, divert, and store precipitation from rooftops for later use. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) developed a map showing rainwater availability specifically for landscape irrigation to help federal agencies strategically identify locations in the U.S. that may be particularly

  7. Best Management Practice #5: Water-Efficient Irrigation | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy 5: Water-Efficient Irrigation Best Management Practice #5: Water-Efficient Irrigation Best Management Practice #5: Water-Efficient Irrigation Water efficiency must be considered from the initial irrigation system design phase through installation to ensure optimal performance. Consistent management and maintenance are also essential. Failure to do so can result in significant losses in system efficiency from poor management, improper system design, installation, or maintenance. With

  8. Sandia Energy - Elucidating the Role of Twin Boundaries in Deformation...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Metals Authors J.G. Brons, J.A. Hardwick, H.A. Padilla II, K. Hattar, G.B. Thompson, B.L. Boyce Scientific Achievement Simulation results suggest that twins don't just...

  9. International District Energy Association

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Since its formation in 1909, the International District Energy Association (IDEA) has served as a principal industry advocate and management resource for owners, operators, developers, and suppliers of district heating and cooling systems in cities, campuses, bases, and healthcare facilities. Today, with over 1,400 members in 26 countries, IDEA continues to organize high-quality technical conferences that inform, connect, and advance the industry toward higher energy efficiency and lower carbon emissions through innovation and investment in scalable sustainable solutions. With the support of DOE, IDEA performs industry research and market analysis to foster high impact projects and help transform the U.S. energy industry. IDEA was an active participant in the original Vision and Roadmap process and has continued to partner with DOE on combined heat and power (CHP) efforts across the country.

  10. ARM - Campaign Instrument - twin-otter-li-prof

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentstwin-otter-li-prof Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Twin Otter Lidar Profiles (TWIN-OTTER-LI-PROF) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Atmospheric Profiling, Cloud Properties Campaigns Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) [ Download Data ] Tropical Western Pacific, 2006.01.21 - 2006.02.13 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered

  11. Supernova Twins: Making Standard Candles More Standard Than Ever

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Supernova Twins: Making Standard Candles More Standard Than Ever Supernova Twins: Making Standard Candles More Standard Than Ever New Modeling Method Measures Cosmological Distances With Far Greater Accuracy January 13, 2016 Contact: Paul Preuss, paul_preuss@lbl.gov, +1 415 272 3253 supernovatwins From left, Greg Aldering, Kyle Boone, Hannah Fakhouri and Saul Perlmutter of the Nearby Supernova Factory. Behind them is a poster of a supernova spectrum. Matching spectra among different supernovae

  12. Influence of shockwave obliquity on deformation twin formation in Ta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, George T., III; Livescu, V; Cerreta, E K; Mason, T A; Maudlin, P J; Bingert, J F

    2009-02-18

    Energetic loading subjects a material to a 'Taylor wave' (triangular wave) loading profile that experiences an evolving balance of hydrostatic (spherical) and deviatoric stresses. While much has been learned over the past five decades concerning the propensity of deformation twinning in samples shockloaded using 'square-topped' profiles as a function of peak stress, achieved most commonly via flyer plate loading, less is known concerning twinning propensity during non-I-dimensional sweeping detonation wave loading. Systematic small-scale energetically-driven shock loading experiments were conducted on Ta samples shock loaded with PEFN that was edge detonated. Deformation twinning was quantified in post-mortem samples as a function of detonation geometry and radial position. In the edge detonated loading geometry examined in this paper, the average volume fraction of deformation twins was observed to drastically increase with increasing shock obliquity. The results of this study are discussed in light of the formation mechanisms of deformation twins, previous literature studies of twinning in shocked materials, and modeling of the effects of shock obliquity on the evolution of the stress tensor during shock loading.

  13. STEADY TWIN-JETS ORIENTATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THEIR FORMATION MECHANISM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soker, Noam; Mcley, Liron E-mail: lironmc@tx.technion.ac.il

    2013-08-01

    We compare the structures of the jets of the pre-planetary nebulae (pre-PNe) CRL618 and the young stellar object (YSO) NGC 1333 IRAS 4A2 and propose that in both cases the jets are launched near periastron passages of a highly eccentric binary system. The pre-PN CRL618 has two ''twin-jets'' on each side, where by ''twin-jets'' we refer to a structure where one side is composed of two very close and narrow jets that were launched at the same time. We analyze the position-velocity diagram of NGC 1333 IRAS 4A2, and find that it also has the twin-jet structure. In both systems, the orientation of the two twin-jets does not change with time. By comparing these two seemingly different objects, we speculate that the constant relative direction of the two twin-jets is fixed by the direction of a highly eccentric orbit of a binary star. For example, a double-arm spiral structure in the accretion disk induced by the companion might lead to the launching of the twin-jets. We predict the presence of a low-mass stellar companion in CRL618 that accretes mass and launches the jets, and a substellar (a planet of a brown dwarf) companion to the YSO NGC 1333 IRAS 4A2 that perturbed the accretion disk. In both cases the orbit has a high eccentricity.

  14. District Technical Sergeant | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    District Technical Sergeant District Technical Sergeant A Manhattan Engineering District technical sergeant looks over nearly completed construction at Y-12.

  15. ,"Total District Heat Consumption (trillion Btu)",,,,,"District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Heat Consumption (trillion Btu)",,,,,"District Heat Energy Intensity (thousand Btusquare foot)" ,"Total ","Space Heating","Water Heating","Cook- ing","Other","Total ","Space...

  16. District of Columbia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    (District of Columbia) Glacial Energy Holdings (District of Columbia) Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia) Integrys Energy Services, Inc. (District...

  17. Numerical study of the stress state of a deformation twin in magnesium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arul Kumar, M.; Kanjarla, A. K.; Niezgoda, S. R.; Lebensohn, R. A.; Tomé, C. N.

    2014-11-26

    Here, we present a numerical study of the distribution of the local stress state associated with deformation twinning in Mg, both inside the twinned domain and in its immediate neighborhood, due to the accommodation of the twinning transformation shear. A full-field elastoviscoplastic formulation based on fast Fourier transformation is modified to include the shear transformation strain associated with deformation twinning. We performed two types of twinning transformation simulations with: (i) the twin completely embedded inside a single crystal and (ii) the twin front terminating at a grain boundary. We show that: (a) the resulting stress distribution is more strongly determined by the shear transformation than by the intragranular character of the twin or the orientation of the neighboring grain; (b) the resolved shear stress on the twin plane along the twin direction is inhomogeneous along the twin–parent interface; and (c) there are substantial differences in the average values of the shear stress in the twin and in the parent grain that contains the twin. We discuss the effect of these local stresses on twin propagation and growth, and the implications of our findings for the modeling of deformation twinning.

  18. Numerical study of the stress state of a deformation twin in magnesium

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Arul Kumar, M.; Kanjarla, A. K.; Niezgoda, S. R.; Lebensohn, R. A.; Tomé, C. N.

    2014-11-26

    Here, we present a numerical study of the distribution of the local stress state associated with deformation twinning in Mg, both inside the twinned domain and in its immediate neighborhood, due to the accommodation of the twinning transformation shear. A full-field elastoviscoplastic formulation based on fast Fourier transformation is modified to include the shear transformation strain associated with deformation twinning. We performed two types of twinning transformation simulations with: (i) the twin completely embedded inside a single crystal and (ii) the twin front terminating at a grain boundary. We show that: (a) the resulting stress distribution is more strongly determinedmore » by the shear transformation than by the intragranular character of the twin or the orientation of the neighboring grain; (b) the resolved shear stress on the twin plane along the twin direction is inhomogeneous along the twin–parent interface; and (c) there are substantial differences in the average values of the shear stress in the twin and in the parent grain that contains the twin. We discuss the effect of these local stresses on twin propagation and growth, and the implications of our findings for the modeling of deformation twinning.« less

  19. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-366 Twin Rivers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Paper Company Inc | Department of Energy 6 Twin Rivers Paper Company Inc Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company Inc Application from Twin Rivers Paper Company Inc to export electric energy to Canada Application to Export Electric Eenrgy OC Docket No EA-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company Inc (1.31 MB) More Documents & Publications EA-366 TWIN RIVERS PAPER CO INC. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company,

  20. BLM Burns District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Burns District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Burns District Office Place: Hines, Oregon References: BLM Burns District Office1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  1. BLM Elko District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Elko District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Elko District Office Place: Elko, Nevada References: BLM Elko District Office Website1 This article is a stub. You can...

  2. Compare All CBECS Activities: District Heat Use

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    District Heat Use Compare Activities by ... District Heat Use Total District Heat Consumption by Building Type Commercial buildings in the U.S. used a total of approximately 433...

  3. California's 16th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Twin Creeks Technologies Vitex Systems Windlite Co. Zoom Diversified Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s16thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181488...

  4. BPA, electric co-op and irrigation district testing aquifer recharge

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    during future incidents of springtime electricity oversupply. The pilot allows SWID to pump water from the Snake River for a longer period in the shoulder months of March and...

  5. Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature...

  6. BLM Boise District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Boise District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Boise District Office Abbreviation: Boise Place: Boise, Idaho ParentHolding Organization: BLM Idaho State Office...

  7. BLM Winnemucca District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Winnemucca District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Winnemucca District Office Abbreviation: Winnemucca Address: 5100 E. Winnemucca Blvd. Place: Winnemucca, Nevada...

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With ...

  9. District Energy Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    through the centralized system. District energy systems often operate with combined heat and power (CHP) and waste heat recovery technologies. Learn more about district energy...

  10. California's 43rd congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 43rd congressional district Ecosystem...

  11. California's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 21st congressional district Agrimass...

  12. California's 41st congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 41st congressional district BCL...

  13. California's 18th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 18th congressional district 1st Light...

  14. California's 38th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 38th congressional district California...

  15. California's 45th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 45th congressional district Chuckawalla...

  16. Pascoag Utility District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Pascoag Utility District Place: Rhode Island Website: www.pud-ri.org Twitter: @PascoagUtility Facebook: https:www.facebook.comPascoagUtilityDistrict Outage...

  17. California's 42nd congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district Inland Empire Utilities Agency IEUA Scheuten Solar USA Inc US South Coast Air Quality Management District SCAQMD Western Ethanol Company LLC Utility Companies in...

  18. Dawson Power District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Dawson Power District Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dawson Power District Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 308-324-2386 Website: dawsonpower.com Twitter: @DawsonPower Facebook:...

  19. Montana Association of Conservation Districts Webpage | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Districts Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Association of Conservation Districts Webpage Abstract Homepage of...

  20. Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Massachusetts. Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Alyra...

  1. Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  2. Connecticut's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Connecticut. Registered Energy Companies in Connecticut's 3rd congressional district Avalence...

  3. Connecticut's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Connecticut. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Connecticut's 2nd congressional district...

  4. Characterizing the boundary lateral to the shear direction of deformation twins in magnesium

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Liu, Y.; Li, N.; Shao, S.; Gong, M.; Wang, J.; McCabe, R. J.; Jiang, Y.; Tomé, C. N.

    2016-06-01

    The three-dimensional nature of twins, especially the atomic structures and motion mechanisms of the boundary lateral to the shear direction of the twin, has never been characterized at the atomic level, because such boundary is, in principle, crystallographically unobservable. We thus refer to it here as the dark side of the twin. Here, using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and atomistic simulations, we characterize the dark side of {101⁻2} deformation twins in magnesium. It is found that the dark side is serrated and comprised of {101⁻2} coherent twin boundaries and semi-coherent twist prismatic–prismatic {211⁻0} boundaries that control twin growth. The conclusionsmore » we find in this work apply to the same twin mode in other hexagonal close-packed materials, and the conceptual ideas discussed here should hold for all twin modes in crystalline materials.« less

  5. Final Project Report - ARM CLASIC CIRPAS Twin Otter Aerosol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John A. Ogren

    2010-04-05

    The NOAA/ESRL/GMD aerosol group made three types of contributions related to airborne measurements of aerosol light scattering and absorption for the Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC) in June 2007 on the Twin Otter research airplane operated by the Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS). GMD scientists served as the instrument mentor for the integrating nephelometer and particle soot absorption photometer (PSAP) on the Twin Otter during CLASIC, and were responsible for (1) instrument checks/comparisons; (2) instrument trouble shooting/repair; and (3) data quality control (QC) and submittal to the archive.

  6. Digital Twins of physical assets prevents unplanned downtime | GE Global

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research a 'Digital Twin' for physical assets can help achieve no unplanned downtime Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) How a 'Digital Twin' for physical assets can help achieve no unplanned downtime Mark Grabb and Matt Nielsen, data scientists at GE Global Research, explain the importance of data

  7. Best Management Practice #5: Water-Efficient Irrigation

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Water efficiency must be considered from the initial irrigation system design phase through installation to ensure optimal performance. Consistent management and maintenance is also essential.

  8. Boise geothermal district heating system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, P.J.

    1985-10-01

    This document describes the Boise geothermal district heating project from preliminary feasibility studies completed in 1979 to a fully operational system by 1983. The report includes information about the two local governments that participated in the project - the City of Boise, Idaho and the Boise Warm Springs Water District. It also discusses the federal funding sources; the financial studies; the feasibility studies conducted; the general system planning and design; design of detailed system components; the legal issues involved in production; geological analysis of the resource area; distribution and disposal; the program to market system services; and the methods of retrofitting buildings to use geothermal hot water for space heating. Technically this report describes the Boise City district heating system based on 170/sup 0/F water, a 4000 gpm production system, a 41,000 foot pipeline system, and system economies. Comparable data are also provided for the Boise Warm Springs Water District. 62 figs., 31 tabs.

  9. Missouri School District Charges Up

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri's Lee's Summit R-7 school district's distribution fleet was tired. Many of the vehicles had racked up more than 300,000 miles and made frequent trips to the shop to repair the 20 plus-year-old parts.

  10. Estimates of Savings Achievable from Irrigation Controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Alison; Fuchs, Heidi; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham

    2014-03-28

    This paper performs a literature review and meta-analysis of water savings from several types of advanced irrigation controllers: rain sensors (RS), weather-based irrigation controllers (WBIC), and soil moisture sensors (SMS).The purpose of this work is to derive average water savings per controller type, based to the extent possible on all available data. After a preliminary data scrubbing, we utilized a series of analytical filters to develop our best estimate of average savings. We applied filters to remove data that might bias the sample such as data self-reported by manufacturers, data resulting from studies focusing on high-water users, or data presented in a non-comparable format such as based on total household water use instead of outdoor water use. Because the resulting number of studies was too small to be statistically significant when broken down by controller type, this paper represents a survey and synthesis of available data rather than a definitive statement regarding whether the estimated water savings are representative.

  11. Irrigation and the demand for electricity. Progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maddigan, R. J.; Chern, W. S.; Gallagher, C. A.

    1980-03-01

    In order to anticipate the need for generating capacity, utility planners must estimate the future growth in electricity demand. The need for demand forecasts is no less important for the nation's Rural Electric Cooperatives (RECs) than it is for the investor-owned utilities. The RECs serve an historically agrarian region; therefore, the irrigation sector accounts for a significant portion of the western RECs' total demand. A model is developed of the RECs' demand for electricity used in irrigation. The model is a simultaneous equation system which focuses on both the short-run utilization of electricity in irrigation and the long-run determination of the number of irrigators using electricity. Irrigation demand is described by a set of equations in which the quantity of electricity demanded, the average electricity price, the number of irrigation customers, and the ratio of electricity to total energy used for irrigation are endogenous. The structural equations are estimated using pooled state-level data for the period 1961-1977. In light of the model's results, the impact of changes in relative energy prices on irrigation can be examined.

  12. Stratified random sampling plan for an irrigation customer telephone survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnston, J.W.; Davis, L.J.

    1986-05-01

    This report describes the procedures used to design and select a sample for a telephone survey of individuals who use electricity in irrigating agricultural cropland in the Pacific Northwest. The survey is intended to gather information on the irrigated agricultural sector that will be useful for conservation assessment, load forecasting, rate design, and other regional power planning activities.

  13. Highly mobile type II twin boundary in Ni-Mn-Ga five-layered martensite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sozinov, A.; Lanska, N.; Soroka, A.; Straka, L.

    2011-09-19

    Twin relationships and stress-induced reorientation were studied in Ni{sub 2}Mn{sub 1.14}Ga{sub 0.86} single crystal with five-layered modulated martensite crystal structure. Very low twinning stress of about 0.1 MPa was found for twin boundaries which deviated a few degrees from the (011) crystallographic plane. However, twin boundaries oriented exactly parallel to the (011) plane exhibited considerably higher level of twinning stress, above 1 MPa. X-ray diffraction experiments and calculations based on approximation of the martensite crystal lattice as a tetragonal lattice with a slight monoclinic distortion identified the two different kinds of twin interfaces as type II and type I twin boundaries.

  14. BLM Battle Mountain District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Mountain District Office Jump to: navigation, search Logo: BLM Battle Mountain District Office Name: BLM Battle Mountain District Office Abbreviation: Battle Mountain Address: 50...

  15. Okaloosa Gas District Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical...

    Energy Savers

    Okaloosa Gas District (The District) an Independent Special District of the State of Florida is appreciative of the opportunity to submit for your consideration the following ...

  16. Bureau Valley School District Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Valley School District Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Bureau Valley School District Wind Farm Facility Bureau Valley School District Sector Wind energy Facility Type...

  17. Table 5a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using District Heat (thousand) Total District Heat Consumption...

  18. California Local Air Districts | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    by District Phone Number: Varies by local district Website: www.arb.ca.govcapcoaroster.h This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References Retrieved from...

  19. Tension-compression-tension tertiary twins in coarse-grained polycrystalline pure magnesium at room temperature

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Yu, Qin; Jiang, Yanyao; Wang, Jian

    2015-04-07

    Using electron backscatter diffraction, the microstructural features of tension–compression–tension (T–C–T) tertiary twins are studied in coarse-grained pure polycrystalline magnesium subjected to monotonic compression along the extrusion direction in ambient air. T–C–T tertiary twins are developed due to the formation of a compression–tension double twin inside a primary tension twin. All the observed T–C–T twin variants are of TiCjTj type. TiCi+1Ti+1 (or TiCi–1Ti–1) variants are observed more frequently than TiCi+2Ti+2 (or TiCi–2Ti–2) variants. Moreover, the number of tertiary twin lamellae increases with the applied compressive strain.

  20. Massachusetts's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Networking Organizations in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships, Inc Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 7th...

  1. Designs for maximum utilization of district heating systems ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AND UTILIZATION; DISTRICT HEATING; DESIGN; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT HEATING; COST; EFFICIENCY; SENSITIVITY; ECONOMICS; GEOTHERMAL HEATING; HEATING Geothermal ...

  2. Crops reap benefits of Pantex irrigation system | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    in bushel per acre for wheat, and last growing season, a Carson County record in density per bushel for corn. The 100-acre tract to be added to the underground irrigation...

  3. Energy savings potential from energy-conserving irrigation systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilfert, G.L.; Patton, W.P.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.

    1982-11-01

    This report systematically compares, within a consistent framework, the technical and economic characteristics of energy-conserving irrigation systems with those of conventional irrigation systems and to determine total energy savings. Levelized annual costs of owning and operating both energy-conserving and conventional irrigation systems have been developed and compared for all 17 states to account for the differences in energy costs and irrigation conditions in each state. Market penetration of energy-conserving systems is assessed for those systems having lower levelized annual costs than conventional systems performing the same function. Annual energy savings were computed by matching the energy savings per system with an assumed maximum market penetration of 100 percent in those markets where the levelized annual costs of energy-conserving systems are lower than the levelized annual costs of conventional systems.

  4. Low-Cost Magnesium Sheet Production using the Twin Roll Casting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    More Documents & Publications Low-Cost Magnesium Sheet Production using the Twin Roll Casting Process and Asymmetric Rolling Materials Characterization Capabilities at the High ...

  5. EBSD characterization of twinning in cold-rolled CP-Ti

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, X.; Duan, Y.L.; Xu, G.F.; Peng, X.Y.; Dai, C.; Zhang, L.G.; Li, Z.

    2013-10-15

    This work presents the use of a mechanical testing system and the electron backscatter diffraction technique to study the mechanical properties and twinning systems of cold-rolled commercial purity titanium, respectively. The dependence of twinning on the matrix orientation is analyzed by the distribution map of Schmid factor. The results showed that the commercial purity titanium experienced strong strain hardening and had excellent formability during rolling. Both the (112{sup ¯}2)<112{sup ¯}3{sup ¯}> compressive twins and (101{sup ¯}2)<101{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}> tensile twins were dependent on the matrix orientation. The Schmid factor of a grain influenced the activation of a particular twinning system. The specific rolling deformation of commercial purity titanium controlled the number and species of twinning systems and further changed the mechanical properties. - Highlights: • CP-Ti experienced strain hardening and had excellent formability. • Twins were dependent on the matrix orientation. • Schmid factor of a grain influenced the activation of a twinning system. • Rolling deformation controlled twinning systems and mechanical properties.

  6. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-366 Twin...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-295-A Merrill Lynch Commodities, Inc.

  7. Quantifying the influence of twin boundaries on the deformation of nanocrystalline copper using atomistic simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tucker, Garritt J.; Foiles, Stephen Martin

    2014-09-22

    Over the past decade, numerous efforts have sought to understand the influence of twin boundaries on the behavior of polycrystalline materials. Early results suggested that twin boundaries within nanocrystalline face-centered cubic metals have a considerable effect on material behavior by altering the activated deformation mechanisms. In this work, we employ molecular dynamics simulations to elucidate the role of twin boundaries on the deformation of <100> columnar nanocrystalline copper at room temperature under uniaxial strain. We leverage non-local kinematic metrics, formulated from continuum mechanics theory, to compute atomically-resolved rotational and strain fields during plastic deformation. These results are then utilized to compute the distribution of various nanoscale mechanisms during straining, and quantitatively resolve their contribution to the total strain accommodation within the microstructure, highlighting the fundamental role of twin boundaries. Our results show that nanoscale twins influence nanocrystalline copper by altering the cooperation of fundamental deformation mechanisms and their contributed role in strain accommodation, and we present new methods for extracting useful information from atomistic simulations. The simulation results suggest a tension–compression asymmetry in the distribution of deformation mechanisms and strain accommodation by either dislocations or twin boundary mechanisms. In highly twinned microstructures, twin boundary migration can become a significant deformation mode, in comparison to lattice dislocation plasticity in non-twinned columnar microstructures, especially during compression.

  8. Quantifying the influence of twin boundaries on the deformation of nanocrystalline copper using atomistic simulations

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Tucker, Garritt J.; Foiles, Stephen Martin

    2014-09-22

    Over the past decade, numerous efforts have sought to understand the influence of twin boundaries on the behavior of polycrystalline materials. Early results suggested that twin boundaries within nanocrystalline face-centered cubic metals have a considerable effect on material behavior by altering the activated deformation mechanisms. In this work, we employ molecular dynamics simulations to elucidate the role of twin boundaries on the deformation of <100> columnar nanocrystalline copper at room temperature under uniaxial strain. We leverage non-local kinematic metrics, formulated from continuum mechanics theory, to compute atomically-resolved rotational and strain fields during plastic deformation. These results are then utilized tomore » compute the distribution of various nanoscale mechanisms during straining, and quantitatively resolve their contribution to the total strain accommodation within the microstructure, highlighting the fundamental role of twin boundaries. Our results show that nanoscale twins influence nanocrystalline copper by altering the cooperation of fundamental deformation mechanisms and their contributed role in strain accommodation, and we present new methods for extracting useful information from atomistic simulations. The simulation results suggest a tension–compression asymmetry in the distribution of deformation mechanisms and strain accommodation by either dislocations or twin boundary mechanisms. In highly twinned microstructures, twin boundary migration can become a significant deformation mode, in comparison to lattice dislocation plasticity in non-twinned columnar microstructures, especially during compression.« less

  9. Low-Cost Magnesium Sheet Production using the Twin Roll Casting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Magnesium Sheet Production using the Twin Roll Casting Process and Asymmetric Rolling Materials Characterization Capabilities at the High Temperature Materials Laboratory:...

  10. Multiscale twin hierarchy in NiMnGa shape memory alloys with Fe and Cu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barabash, Rozaliya I.; Barabash, Oleg M.; Popov, Dmitry; Shen, Guoyin; Park, Changyong; Yang, Wenge

    2015-01-31

    X-ray microdiffraction and scanning electron microscopy studies reveal 10 M martensitic structure with a highly correlated multiscale twin hierarchy organization in NiMnGaFeCu shape memory alloys. In this paper, high compatibility is found at the twin interfaces resulting in a highly correlated twinned lattice orientation across several laminate levels. The lattice unit cell is described as monoclinic I-centered with a = 4.28 Å, b = 4.27 Å, c = 5.40 Å, γ = 78.5°. The modulation is found parallel to the b axis. Finally, thin tapered needle-like lamellae and branching are observed near the twin boundaries.

  11. A Mechanism-based Model for Deformation Twinning in Polycrystalline FCC Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yuan; Sun, Xin; Wang, Y. D.; Hu, Xiaohua; Zbib, Hussein M.

    2014-06-01

    Deformation twinning, a common and important plastic deformation mechanism, is the key contributor to the excellent combination of strength and ductility in twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel. In the open literature, a significant amount of research has been reported on the microstructural characteristics of deformation twinning and its influence on the overall deformation behavior of TWIP steel. In this study, we examine the feasibility of a mechanism-based crystal plasticity model in simulating the microstructural level deformation characteristics of TWIP steel. To this end, a model considering both double-slip and double-twin is developed to investigate the stress-strain behavior and local microstructural features related to the formation and growth of micro-twins in low stacking fault energy (SFE) TWIP steel. The twin systems are described as pseudo-slips that can be activated when their resolved shear stress reaches the corresponding critical value. A hardening law that accounts for the interaction among the slip and twin systems is also developed. Numerical simulations for dDifferent mesh sizes and single crystal patch tests under different loading modes are carried out to verify the modeling procedure. Our simulation results reveal that, despite its simple nature, the double-slip/double-twin model can capture the key deformation features of TWIP steel, including twin volume fraction evolution, continuous strain hardening, and the final fracture in the form of strain localization.

  12. Potential for Photovoltaic Solar Installation in Non-Irrigated Corners of Center Pivot Irrigation Fields in the State of Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, B.

    2011-07-01

    The State of Colorado expressed an interest in assessing the potential for photovoltaic (PV) solar installations on non-irrigated corners of center-pivot irrigation (CPI) fields throughout the state. Using aerial imagery and irrigated land data available from the Colorado Water Conservation Board, an assessment of potentially suitable sites was produced. Productivity estimates were calculated from that assessment. The total area of non-irrigated corners of CPI fields in Colorado was estimated to be 314,674 acres, which could yield 223,418 acres of installed PV panels assuming 71% coverage in triangular plots. The total potential annual electricity production for the state was estimated to be 56,821 gigawatt hours (GWH), with an average of 1.3 GWH per available plot.

  13. Understanding Low-cycle Fatigue Life Improvement Mechanisms in a Pre-twinned Magnesium Alloy

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Wu, Wei; An, Ke

    2015-10-03

    The mechanisms of fatigue life improvement by pre-twinning process in a commercial rolled magnesium (Mg) alloy have been investigated using real-time in situ neutron diffraction under a continuous-loading condition. It is found that by introducing the excess twinned grains through pre-compression along the rolling direction the fatigue life was enhanced approximately 50%, mainly resulting from the prolonged detwinning process and inhibited dislocation slip during reverse tension. Moreover, after pre-twinning process, the removal of the rapid strain hardening during reverse tension leads to a compressive mean stress value and more symmetric shape of stress-strain hysteresis loop. The pre-twinning has significant impactsmore » on the twinning-detwinning characteristics and deformation modes during cyclic loading and greatly facilitates the twinning-detwinning activities in plastic deformation. The cyclic straining leads to the increase of contribution of tensile twinning deformation in overall plastic deformation in both the as-received and pre-deformed sample. The mechanisms of load partitioning in different groups of grains are closely related to the deformation modes in each deformation stage, while the fatigue cycling has little influence on the load sharing. The pre-twinning process provides an easy and cost-effective route to improve the low-cycle fatigue life through manufacturing and processing, which would advance the wide application of light-weight wrought Mg alloys as structural materials.« less

  14. Understanding Low-cycle Fatigue Life Improvement Mechanisms in a Pre-twinned Magnesium Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Wei; An, Ke

    2015-10-03

    The mechanisms of fatigue life improvement by pre-twinning process in a commercial rolled magnesium (Mg) alloy have been investigated using real-time in situ neutron diffraction under a continuous-loading condition. It is found that by introducing the excess twinned grains through pre-compression along the rolling direction the fatigue life was enhanced approximately 50%, mainly resulting from the prolonged detwinning process and inhibited dislocation slip during reverse tension. Moreover, after pre-twinning process, the removal of the rapid strain hardening during reverse tension leads to a compressive mean stress value and more symmetric shape of stress-strain hysteresis loop. The pre-twinning has significant impacts on the twinning-detwinning characteristics and deformation modes during cyclic loading and greatly facilitates the twinning-detwinning activities in plastic deformation. The cyclic straining leads to the increase of contribution of tensile twinning deformation in overall plastic deformation in both the as-received and pre-deformed sample. The mechanisms of load partitioning in different groups of grains are closely related to the deformation modes in each deformation stage, while the fatigue cycling has little influence on the load sharing. The pre-twinning process provides an easy and cost-effective route to improve the low-cycle fatigue life through manufacturing and processing, which would advance the wide application of light-weight wrought Mg alloys as structural materials.

  15. Investigation of deformation twinning under complex stress states in a rolled magnesium alloy

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Wu, Wei; Chuang, Chih-Pin; Qiao, Dongxiao; Ren, Yang; An, Ke

    2016-05-15

    We employed a specially designed semi-circular notch specimen in the current study to generate the various strain conditions, including uniaxial, biaxial, shear, and plane strains, which was utilized to explore the evolution of different deformation twinning systems under complex loading conditions. We found that when using in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction mapping method, that the extensive double twins were activated during loading, while nearly no extension twinning activity was detected. After the formation of {10.1} and {10.3} compression twins, they transformed into {10.1}-{10.2} and {10.3}-{10.2} double twins instantaneously at the early stage of deformation. The lattice strain evolutions in differentmore » hkls were mapped at selected load levels during the loading-unloading sequence. Finally, the relationship between the macroscopic straining and microscopic response was established.« less

  16. Twinning-detwinning behavior during cyclic deformation of magnesium alloy

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Lee, Soo Yeol; Wang, Huamiao; Gharghouri, Michael A.

    2015-05-26

    In situ neutron diffraction has been used to examine the deformation mechanisms of a precipitation-hardened and extruded Mg-8.5wt.%Al alloy subjected to (i) compression followed by reverse tension (texture T1) and (ii) tension followed by reverse compression (texture T2). Two starting textures are used: (1) as-extruded texture, T1, in which the basal pole of most grains is normal to the extrusion axis and a small portion of grains are oriented with the basal pole parallel to the extrusion axis; (2) a reoriented texture, T2, in which the basal pole of most grains is parallel to the extrusion axis. For texture T1,more » the onset of extension twinning corresponds well with the macroscopic elastic-plastic transition during the initial compression stage. The non-linear macroscopic stress/strain behavior during unloading after compression is more significant than during unloading after tension. For texture T2, little detwinning occurs after the initial tension stage, but almost all of the twinned volumes are detwinned during loading in reverse compression.« less

  17. Effect of local stress fields on twin characteristics in HCP metals

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Arul Kumar, M.; Beyerlein, Irene Jane; Tomé, Carlos N.

    2016-06-23

    Here we study the effect of nearest neighboring grains on the propensity for {1012} twin growth in Mg and Zr. Twin lamellae lying within one grain flanked by two neighboring grains with several orientations are considered. The fields of resolved shear stress on the twin system are calculated in the multicrystal using a three-dimensional full-field crystal plasticity Fast Fourier Transform approach. The calculations were carried out for Mg and Zr using slip threshold stresses corresponding to 300K and 76K, respectively, where twin activity is important. We show that the neighboring grain constraint tends to oppose further growth and that themore » critical applied stress needed to overcome this resistance depends on neighboring grain orientation, more strongly in Zr than in Mg. We also present results for a pair of adjacent and parallel twins at various spacings. It is found that their paired interaction increases the resistive forces for twin growth above that for an isolated twin. The critical spacing above which this enhanced resistance is removed is smaller for Zr than Mg. Our analysis reveals that these two disparate responses of Zr and Mg are both a consequence of the fact that Zr is elastically and plastically more anisotropic than Mg. Additional calculations carried out on Ti support this conclusion. Finally, these findings can help explain why, for the same grain size, more twins per grain form in Zr than in Mg, twins in Zr tend to be thinner than those in Mg, and the relationship between the thickness of the twin and its Schmid factor in Zr is not as strong as in Mg.« less

  18. Stand-alone irrigation pumping with wind energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, R.N.

    1982-12-01

    Windpower is one of the oldest forms of energy used for pumping water. Several thousand windmills are still used today to provide water for livestock and domestic needs. Because of the large water volume needed for irrigation, irrigators have selected natural gas, electricity, or diesel fuel as power sources for their irrigation pump. Wind turbines have been successfully used to generate electricity to supplement electrical requirements of irrigation systems; however, not all irrigation pumps have electricity readily available. Because of the need for an independent, high-volume pumping system powered by the wind, the USDA-ARS, Bushland, TX and the Alternative Energy Institute, Canyon, TX have designed and constructed a stand-alone wind-powered pumping system. The initial effort was an in-depth study of all types of pumps in order to locate a pump which could deliver a steady 15-to-20 l/s flow rate while the input power varied in rpm and torque. A progressive-cavity pump was selected as being best for use in moderate and deep well applications where the total head was more than 15 m. A 10-cm progressive-cavity pump was purchased and installed on a 4-kW vertical-axis wind turbine with a mechanical linkage between the wind turbine and pump. Performance data indicated that flow was 10 l/s, and head 12 m at a windspeed of 16 m/s. When the windspeed dropped to 9 m/s, the pumping load caused the wind turbine to stall. Because of the highly variable power output of the wind turbine, no presently-manufactured pump is satisfactory for stand-alone irrigation pumping.

  19. Central Lincoln People's Utility District - Residential Energy...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    electric Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator Central Lincoln People(tm)s Utility District Website http:clpud.orgrebate-information State Oregon Program Type...

  20. Truckee Donner Public Utility District - Energy Conservation...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    rebates 10,000 Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator Truckee Donner Public Utility District Website http:www.tdpud.org State California Program Type Rebate...

  1. Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district Alcoa BPL Global Enerlogics Networks IBACOS Kurt J Lesker Company PNC Financial Services Plextronics Plextronics Inc Propel IT Inc. Siemens Westinghouse Power...

  2. Connecticut's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Connecticut. Registered Energy Companies in Connecticut's 5th congressional district Efficiency Lighting & Maintenance Inc Electro Energy Inc FuelCell Energy Inc FuelCell...

  3. Photovoltaic System in Philadelphia Center City District

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This photograph features a 3-kilowatt photovoltaic (PV) installation on the roof of a building in the Center City District of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

  4. Douglas County School District Success Story

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    district in the state, had mounting maintenance needs and failing infrastructure with aging buildings. This was compounded by a budget already stretched to the limit, declining...

  5. California's 19th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Chowchilla Biomass Facility Fresno Biomass Facility Madera Biomass Facility SPI Sonora Biomass Facility Utility Companies in California's 19th congressional district Modesto...

  6. California's 46th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 46th congressional district 808 Investments LLC All Valley Solar Allegro Biodiesel Corporation Altra Inc American Elements Amonix Inc Assured Power and...

  7. Empire District Electric- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Empire District Electric Company offers rebates for customers who construct highly efficient homes and purchase efficient central air conditioners. Eligible customers include residential...

  8. California's 47th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 47th congressional district City of Anaheim Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in California's 47th...

  9. California's 40th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 40th congressional district City of Anaheim Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in California's 40th...

  10. Massachusetts's 10th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 10th congressional district AXI LLC BioEnergy International LLC Bluestone Energy Services Ltd Eco Power Solutions Heliotronics...

  11. California's 20th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 20th congressional district BioEnergy Solutions BES Castle Cooke Inc Great Valley Ethanol LLC Mt Poso Cogeneration Pacific...

  12. California's 22nd congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    22nd congressional district Advanced Conservation Systems Bill Robinson (Train2Build) BioEnergy Solutions BES California Sunrise Alternative Energy Development LLC Castle Cooke Inc...

  13. Connecticut's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    1st congressional district Aztech Engineers Connecticut Light and Power Infinity Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Inc LiquidPiston Inc Nxegen SmartPower United Technologies Corp...

  14. Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district PECO Energy Co Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titlePennsylvania%27s1stcongressionaldistrict&oldid198299...

  15. Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district PECO Energy Co Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titlePennsylvania%27s13thcongressionaldistrict&oldid198281...

  16. California's 28th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 28th congressional district Angeleno Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s28thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181514...

  17. California's 37th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    37th congressional district Angeleno Group Hydrogen Ventures Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s37thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181534...

  18. Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district PECO Energy Co Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titlePennsylvania%27s8thcongressionaldistrict&oldid198313...

  19. California's 26th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 26th congressional district Angeleno Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s26thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181511...

  20. California's 35th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 35th congressional district Angeleno Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s35thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181530...

  1. California's 33rd congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 33rd congressional district Angeleno Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s33rdcongressionaldistrict&oldid181527...

  2. California's 32nd congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 32nd congressional district Angeleno Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s32ndcongressionaldistrict&oldid181525...

  3. California's 31st congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 31st congressional district Angeleno Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s31stcongressionaldistrict&oldid181523...

  4. California's 34th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 34th congressional district Angeleno Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s34thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181528...

  5. California's 23rd congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    23rd congressional district NGEN Partners LLC (Southern California) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s23rdcongressionaldistrict&oldid181505...

  6. California's 36th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 36th congressional district Angeleno Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s36thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181532...

  7. California's 39th congressional district: Energy Resources |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    39th congressional district Angeleno Group Hydrogen Ventures Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s39thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181537...

  8. Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district Energex Pellet Fuel Inc Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titlePennsylvania%27s9thc...

  9. Pennsylvania's 19th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 19th congressional district Carlisle Construction Materials Enginuity Energy, LLC Keystone Biofuels PaceControls LLC Soy Energy...

  10. TWDB Groundwater Conservation Districts website | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    TWDB Groundwater Conservation Districts website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: TWDB Groundwater Conservation...

  11. Korea District Heating Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea (Republic) Zip: 463 908 Product: Korea-based organisation seeking to promote energy conservation and improve living standards through the efficient use of district...

  12. Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district Agra Bio Fuels Independence Biofuels Inc Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection DEP...

  13. Putnam District, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Putnam District, Connecticut: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.9257629, -71.9104934 Show Map Loading map......

  14. Pennsylvania's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solarity Energy Generation Facilities in Pennsylvania's 5th congressional district Montgomery Biomass Facility Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titlePennsylvania...

  15. Atomic-scale investigation of interface-facilitated deformation twinning in severely deformed Ag-Cu nanolamellar composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    An, X. H. E-mail: xiaozhou.liao@sydenye.edu.au; Cao, Y.; Liao, X. Z. E-mail: xiaozhou.liao@sydenye.edu.au; Zhu, S. M.; Nie, J. F.; Kawasaki, M.; Ringer, S. P.; Langdon, T. G.; Zhu, Y. T.

    2015-07-06

    We report an atomic-scale investigation of interface-facilitated deformation twinning behaviour in Ag-Cu nanolamellar composites. Profuse twinning activities in Ag supply partial dislocations to directly transmit across the Ag-Cu lamellar interface that promotes deformation twinning in the neighbouring Cu lamellae although the interface is severely deformed. The trans-interface twin bands change the local structure at the interface. Our analysis suggests that the orientation relationship and interfacial structure between neighbouring Ag-Cu lamellae play a crucial role in such special interface-facilitated twinning behaviour.

  16. Heterologous protein production using the twin arginine translocation pathway

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pohlschroder, Mechtild; Kissinger, Jessica C; Rose, R. Wesley; Brueser, Thomas; Dilks, Kieran

    2008-11-04

    Provided are means for evaluating and identifying putative substrates of the twin arginine translocation (Tat) secretory pathway in Streptomyces and other bacterial species. Also provided, therefore, are simple ways to express, secrete and purify correctly folded heterologous proteins on a large scale using host microorganisms, such as, Streptomyces and the Tat pathway therein. Many of the thus-produced proteins are of significant therapeutic value in the pharmaceutical and biochemical industries, particularly when they can be secreted from the host in fully-folded active form. Accordingly, there are further provided the heterologous proteins produced by the Tat secretion pathway using the foregoing methods, and the computer algorithm used to identify the Tat signal sequence and putative substrates.

  17. Property:ManagingDistrictOffice | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    ManagingDistrictOffice Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ManagingDistrictOffice Property Type Page Pages using the property "ManagingDistrictOffice" Showing 25 pages using...

  18. Twin superlattice-induced large surface recombination velocity in GaAs nanostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheng, Chunyang; Brown, Evan; Nakano, Aiichiro; Shimojo, Fuyuki

    2014-12-08

    Semiconductor nanowires (NWs) often contain a high density of twin defects that form a twin superlattice, but its effects on electronic properties are largely unknown. Here, nonadiabatic quantum molecular dynamics simulation shows unique surface electronic states at alternating (111)A and (111)B sidewall surfaces of a twinned [111]-oriented GaAs NW, which act as effective charge-recombination centers. The calculated large surface recombination velocity quantitatively explains recent experimental observations and provides microscopic understanding of the underlying surface-recombination processes.

  19. Evaluation of irrigation management procedures for geothermal effluent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brockway, C.E.; Robbins, C.W.; Robison, C.W.; Johnson, G.S.

    1984-06-01

    An investigation was conducted to determine the feasibility of geothermal power plant effluent disposal by surface irrigation and the resulting impact on the shallow aquifer. The study was conducted at the Raft River Experimental Geothermal Power Plant site near Malta, Idaho and at the Snake River Conservation Research Center with soils and effluent obtained from the geothermal power plant site.

  20. LBNL: Architecture 2030 District Program and Small Commercial Toolkit |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy LBNL: Architecture 2030 District Program and Small Commercial Toolkit LBNL: Architecture 2030 District Program and Small Commercial Toolkit LBNL: Architecture 2030 District Program and Small Commercial Toolkit Lead Performer: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Berkeley, CA Partners: - Architecture 2030 - Santa Fe, NM - Cleveland 2030 District - Cleveland, OH - Green Building Alliance/Pittsburgh 2030 District - Pittsburgh, PA - Seattle 2030 District - Seattle, WA -

  1. Boulder Valley School District (Colorado) Power Purchase Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Boulder Valley School District (Colorado) Power Purchase Agreement Case Study Boulder Valley School District (Colorado) Power Purchase Agreement Case Study Boulder Valley School ...

  2. Texas's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 6th congressional district Corsicana Chemical Company Demilec...

  3. Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  4. Idaho Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Idaho Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Idaho Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  5. Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature...

  6. New Jersey's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district in New Jersey. Registered Energy Companies in New Jersey's 2nd congressional district Bartholomew Heating and Cooling Fishermen s Energy Fishermen s Energy of New...

  7. Maine's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Maine. Registered Energy Companies in Maine's 2nd congressional district Evergreen Wind...

  8. Washington Gas Energy Services (District of Columbia) | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Washington Gas Energy Services (District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Washington Gas Energy Services Place: District of Columbia References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  9. BLM California Desert District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    California Desert District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: California Desert District Office Address: 22835 Calle San Juan De Los Lagos Place: Moreno Valley, CA Zip: 92553...

  10. BLM Central California District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Central California District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Central California District Office Address: 2800 Cottage Way, Suite W-1623 Place: Sacramento, CA Zip: 95825...

  11. Texas's 19th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district in Texas. Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 19th congressional district Big Daddy s Biodiesel Inc Cratech Inc Horn Wind Lauren Engineers amp Constructors Levelland...

  12. Iowa's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district in Iowa. Registered Energy Companies in Iowa's 2nd congressional district Big River Resources LLC EnerGenetics International First BTU Iowa Renewable Energy LLC...

  13. Valley Center Municipal Water District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Valley Center Municipal Water District Jump to: navigation, search Name: Valley Center Municipal Water District Place: Valley Center, California Zip: 92082 Product: VCMWD is the...

  14. Washington's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Washington. Registered Research Institutions in Washington's 3rd congressional district WSU...

  15. Yuliangwan Hydropower of Hongjiang District Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Yuliangwan Hydropower of Hongjiang District Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Yuliangwan Hydropower of Hongjiang District Co Ltd Place: Huaihua, Hunan Province, China Zip:...

  16. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: District of Columbia References:...

  17. North Carolina's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in North Carolina. Registered Energy Companies in North Carolina's 6th congressional district...

  18. North Carolina's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in North Carolina. Registered Energy Companies in North Carolina's 3rd congressional district...

  19. Ground Water Management District Rules | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Water Management District Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Ground Water Management District Rules Abstract This webpage provides...

  20. Washington's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Washington's 8th congressional district GreenFoot Technologies Prometheus Energy Sunreps Utility Companies in Washington's 8th congressional district Alder...

  1. Sacramento Municipal Utility District Solar Array | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Municipal Utility District Solar Array Sector Solar Facility Type Ground-mounted fixed tilt Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Sacramento Municipal Utility District...

  2. Noble Americas Energy Solutions LLC (District of Columbia) |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Noble Americas Energy Solutions LLC Place: District of Columbia References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  3. Virginia's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Virginia. Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 3rd congressional district Enviva...

  4. Virginia's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Virginia. Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 9th congressional district Evatran LLC...

  5. Virginia's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Virginia. Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 7th congressional district Enviva...

  6. Louisiana's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Act Smart Grid Projects in Louisiana's 5th congressional district Cleco Power LLC Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Louisiana's 5th congressional district...

  7. Louisiana's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Projects in Louisiana's 7th congressional district Lafayette Consolidated Government, LA Smart Grid Project Energy Generation Facilities in Louisiana's 7th congressional district...

  8. Arkansas's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Act Smart Grid Projects in Arkansas's 1st congressional district Woodruff Electric Smart Grid Project Utility Companies in Arkansas's 1st congressional district City Water...

  9. Tennessee's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Projects in Tennessee's 9th congressional district Memphis Light, Gas and Water Division Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Tennessee's 9th congressional district...

  10. New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New Hampshire. Registered Energy Companies in New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district...

  11. US South Coast Air Quality Management District SCAQMD | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Coast Air Quality Management District SCAQMD Jump to: navigation, search Name: US South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Place: Diamond Bar, California Zip: CA...

  12. Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems...

    Energy Savers

    Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumpsand Ground Source Water Loops Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and...

  13. Virginia's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Virginia's 1st congressional district Delta T Corporation E85 Inc Virginia Biodiesel Refinery Utility Companies in Virginia's 1st congressional district Rappahannock Electric Coop...

  14. California's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    5th congressional district Sacramento Municipal Utility District Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia%27s5thcongressionaldistrict&oldid181571...

  15. Washington's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biofuels LLC Energy Generation Facilities in Washington's 2nd congressional district S.P. Everett Biomass Facility Utility Companies in Washington's 2nd congressional district...

  16. Hawaii Conservation District Use Application (DLNR CDUA Form...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Conservation District Use Application (DLNR CDUA Form) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Hawaii Conservation District Use Application (DLNR...

  17. Kings River Conservation District (KRCD) Solar Farm Solar Power...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    River Conservation District (KRCD) Solar Farm Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Kings River Conservation District (KRCD) Solar Farm Solar Power Plant Facility...

  18. Texas's 12th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 12th congressional district Aecom Government...

  19. School District Success Story-A Performance Contracting Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    School District Success Story-A Performance Contracting Program School District Success Story-A Performance Contracting Program Provides an overview case study of Douglas County,...

  20. Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Type, PAD District, and Selected States 224 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and...

  1. Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Type, PAD District, and Selected States 224 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and...

  2. Devonshire Energy, LLC (District of Columbia) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Devonshire Energy, LLC (District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Devonshire Energy, LLC Place: District of Columbia References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for...

  3. BLM Color Country District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Color Country District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Color Country District Office Place: Cedar City, Utah ParentHolding Organization: BLM References: BLM Color...

  4. Utah's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district in Utah. Registered Energy Companies in Utah's 3rd congressional district Better Biodiesel Composite Tower Solutions Domestic Energy Partners Evergreen Clean Energy FT...

  5. Kansas's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Kansas. Registered Energy Companies in Kansas's 3rd congressional district Clean Energy...

  6. Low-energy planar magnetic defects in BaFe2As2: Nanotwins, twins...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    These nanoscale defects have a very low surface energy (22-210 m Jm-2), with twins favorable to the mesoscale. Defects exhibit smaller moments confined near their boundaries-making ...

  7. Tank Waste Information Network System (TWINS) FY 2001 Data Management Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ADAMS, M.R.

    2000-06-12

    The mission of Tank Waste Information Network System (TWINS) is to provide system users with quality tank data and information when needed, in the form needed and at a reasonable cost.

  8. Basic criteria for formation of growth twins in high stacking fault energy metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, K. Y.; Zhang, X.; Bufford, D.; Chen, Y.; Liu, Y.; Wang, H.

    2013-10-28

    Nanotwinned metals received significant interest lately as twin boundaries may enable simultaneous enhancement of strength, ductility, thermal stability, and radiation tolerance. However, nanotwins have been the privilege of metals with low-to-intermediate stacking fault energy (SFE). Recent scattered studies show that nanotwins could be introduced into high SFE metals, such as Al. In this paper, we examine several sputter-deposited, (111) textured Ag/Al, Cu/Ni, and Cu/Fe multilayers, wherein growth twins were observed in Al, Ni, and face-centered cubic (fcc) Fe. The comparisons lead to two important design criteria that dictate the introduction of growth twins in high SFE metals. The validity of these criteria was then examined in Ag/Ni multilayers. Furthermore, another twin formation mechanism in high SFE metals was discovered in Ag/Ni system.

  9. Integrating district cooling with cogeneration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spurr, M.

    1996-11-01

    Chillers can be driven with cogenerated thermal energy, thereby offering the potential to increase utilization of cogeneration throughout the year. However, cogeneration decreases electric output compared to condensing power generation in power plants using a steam cycle (steam turbine or gas turbine combined cycle plants). The foregone electric production increases with increasing temperature of heat recovery. Given a range of conditions for key variables (such as cogeneration utilization, chiller utilization, cost of fuel, value of electricity, value of heat and temperature of heat recovered), how do technology alternatives for combining district cooling with cogeneration compare? This paper summarizes key findings from a report recently published by the International Energy Agency which examines the energy efficiency and economics of alternatives for combining cogeneration technology options (gas turbine simple cycle, diesel engine, steam turbine, gas turbine combined cycle) with chiller options (electric centrifugal, steam turbine centrifugal one-stage steam absorption, two-stage steam absorption, hot water absorption).

  10. THE FUTURE OF THE SUN: AN EVOLVED SOLAR TWIN REVEALED BY CoRoT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Do Nascimento, J.-D. Jr.; Da Costa, J. S.; Castro, M.; Takeda, Y.; Melendez, J.

    2013-07-10

    The question of whether the Sun is peculiar within the class of solar-type stars has been the subject of active investigation over the past three decades. Although several solar twins have been found with stellar parameters similar to those of the Sun (albeit in a range of Li abundances and with somewhat different compositions), their rotation periods are unknown, except for 18 Sco, which is younger than the Sun and with a rotation period shorter than solar. It is difficult to obtain rotation periods for stars of solar age from ground-based observations, as a low-activity level implies a shallow rotational modulation of their light curves. CoRoT has provided space-based long time series from which the rotation periods of solar twins as old as the Sun could be estimated. Based on high-signal-to-noise, high-resolution spectroscopic observations gathered at the Subaru Telescope, we show that the star CoRoT ID 102684698 is a somewhat evolved solar twin with a low Li abundance. Its rotation period is 29 {+-} 5 days, compatible with its age (6.7 Gyr) and low lithium content, A{sub Li} {approx}< 0.85 dex. Interestingly, our CoRoT solar twin seems to have enhanced abundances of the refractory elements with respect to the Sun, a typical characteristic of most nearby twins. With a magnitude V {approx_equal} 14.1, ID 102684698 is the first solar twin revealed by CoRoT, the farthest field solar twin so far known, and the only solar twin older than the Sun for which a rotation period has been determined.

  11. Photon-number statistics of twin beams: Self-consistent measurement, reconstruction, and properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pe?ina, Jan Jr.; Haderka, Ond?ej; Michlek, Vclav

    2014-12-04

    A method for the determination of photon-number statistics of twin beams using the joint signal-idler photocount statistics obtained by an iCCD camera is described. It also provides absolute quantum detection efficiency of the camera. Using the measured photocount statistics, quasi-distributions of integrated intensities are obtained. They attain negative values occurring in characteristic strips an a consequence of pairing of photons in twin beams.

  12. Twin boundary activated α → ω phase transformation in titanium under

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    shock compression (Journal Article) | DOE PAGES Twin boundary activated α → ω phase transformation in titanium under shock compression This content will become publicly available on May 31, 2017 Title: Twin boundary activated α → ω phase transformation in titanium under shock compression Authors: Zong, Hongxiang ; Ding, Xiangdong ; Lookman, Turab ; Sun, Jun Publication Date: 2016-08-01 OSTI Identifier: 1323574 Grant/Contract Number: AC52-06NA25396 Type: Publisher's Accepted

  13. Twin superlattice-induced large surface recombination velocity in GaAs

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    nanostructures (Journal Article) | DOE PAGES Publisher's Accepted Manuscript: Twin superlattice-induced large surface recombination velocity in GaAs nanostructures Title: Twin superlattice-induced large surface recombination velocity in GaAs nanostructures Authors: Sheng, Chunyang [1] ; Brown, Evan [1] Search DOE PAGES for author "Brown, Evan" Search DOE PAGES for ORCID "0000000266950864" Search orcid.org for ORCID "0000000266950864" ; Shimojo, Fuyuki [2] ;

  14. Enhanced charge recombination due to surfaces and twin defects in GaAs

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    nanostructures (Journal Article) | DOE PAGES Publisher's Accepted Manuscript: Enhanced charge recombination due to surfaces and twin defects in GaAs nanostructures Title: Enhanced charge recombination due to surfaces and twin defects in GaAs nanostructures Authors: Brown, Evan [1] Search DOE PAGES for author "Brown, Evan" Search DOE PAGES for ORCID "0000000266950864" Search orcid.org for ORCID "0000000266950864" ; Sheng, Chunyang [1] ; Shimamura, Kohei [2] ;

  15. Tension-compression-tension tertiary twins in coarse-grained polycrystalline pure magnesium at room temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Qin; Jiang, Yanyao; Wang, Jian

    2015-04-07

    Using electron backscatter diffraction, the microstructural features of tension–compression–tension (T–C–T) tertiary twins are studied in coarse-grained pure polycrystalline magnesium subjected to monotonic compression along the extrusion direction in ambient air. T–C–T tertiary twins are developed due to the formation of a compression–tension double twin inside a primary tension twin. All the observed T–C–T twin variants are of TiCjTj type. TiCi+1Ti+1 (or TiCi–1Ti–1) variants are observed more frequently than TiCi+2Ti+2 (or TiCi–2Ti–2) variants. Moreover, the number of tertiary twin lamellae increases with the applied compressive strain.

  16. 4D STUDY OF STRAIN GRADIENTS EVOLUTION IN TWINNED NiMnGa SINGLE CRYSTALS UNDER MAGNETIC FIELD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barabash, Rozaliya; Xu, Ruqing; Barabash, Oleg M; Sozinov, Alexei

    2014-01-01

    Time-resolved 3D X-ray microscopy with a submicron beam size was used to follow the evolution of strains in off-stoichiometric NiMnGa twinned crystals near type I (hard) twin boundary under magnetic field. Laminate A/B microstructure was revealed near the twin boundaries in A variant. Large strain gradients are observed in the C variant in the immediate vicinity of the type I twin boundary: the lattice is under large tensile strains ~0.4% along the c- axes within first micron. Distinct a and b lattice parameter evolution with temperature and magnetic field is demonstrated. In an applied magnetic field the strain field was observed at larger distances from the twin boundary and becomes more complex. Stochastic twin boundary motion was observed after the magnetic field reaches a certain critical value.

  17. Tritium Irrigation Facility & Automated Vadose Zone Monitoring System |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Savannah River Ecology Laboratory Tritium Irrigation Facility and Automated Vadose Monitoring System The opportunity to study tritium movement in a natural system presents a rare opportunity for both physical and biological research. Researchers may take advantage of tritium's properties as a conservative tracer for modeling contaminant transport, as a radioactive tracer for examining biological processes involving water, or as an example of radionuclide contaminant behavior in natural

  18. Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000

  19. Butler Public Power District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Nebraska Phone Number: 402-367-3081 or 402-367-3082 Website: www.butlerppd.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesButler-Public-Power-District176407425708968 Outage...

  20. Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a...

  1. The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 QERcomments@hq.doe.gov Comments on the Department of Energy's Quadrennial Energy Review: Water-Energy Nexus The Metropolitan Water District of Southern ...

  2. Butler Public Power District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Butler County Rural P P D) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Butler Public Power District Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 402-367-3081 or 402-367-3082 Website: www.butlerppd.com...

  3. Applied Solutions Webinar: Insights Into District Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Local governments and their communities that inhabit dense locations can take advantage of district heating and/or cooling systems as a way to increase energy efficiency and reliability while...

  4. Opportunities for Automated Demand Response in California Agricultural Irrigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, Daniel; Aghajanzadeh, Arian; McKane, Aimee

    2015-08-01

    Pumping water for agricultural irrigation represents a significant share of California’s annual electricity use and peak demand. It also represents a large source of potential flexibility, as farms possess a form of storage in their wetted soil. By carefully modifying their irrigation schedules, growers can participate in demand response without adverse effects on their crops. This report describes the potential for participation in demand response and automated demand response by agricultural irrigators in California, as well as barriers to widespread participation. The report first describes the magnitude, timing, location, purpose, and manner of energy use in California. Typical on-­farm controls are discussed, as well as common impediments to participation in demand response and automated demand response programs. Case studies of demand response programs in California and across the country are reviewed, and their results along with overall California demand estimates are used to estimate statewide demand response potential. Finally, recommendations are made for future research that can enhance the understanding of demand response potential in this industry.

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Center Equipment, LED Lighting, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Modesto Irrigation District- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District's Commercial...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Tankless Water Heater, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Modesto Irrigation District- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District's Commercial...

  7. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Center Equipment, LED Lighting, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Modesto Irrigation District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District's Home...

  8. Okaloosa Gas District Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation | Department of Energy Okaloosa Gas District Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Okaloosa Gas District Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Okaloosa Gas District (The District) an Independent Special District of the State of Florida is appreciative of the opportunity to submit for your consideration the following comments in response to the U.S.

  9. Washington School District Makes the Grade in Energy Efficiency |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Washington School District Makes the Grade in Energy Efficiency Washington School District Makes the Grade in Energy Efficiency September 2, 2015 - 10:01am Addthis As part of the Better Buildings Challenge, Camas School District in Washington not only surpassed its energy efficiency goals, but did so five years early. | Photo courtesy of Camas School District. As part of the Better Buildings Challenge, Camas School District in Washington not only surpassed its energy

  10. Mechanistic Selection and Growth of Twinned Bicrystalline Primary Si in Near Eutectic Al-Si Alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choonho Jung

    2006-12-12

    Morphological evolution and selection of angular primary silicon is investigated in near-eutectic Al-Si alloys. Angular silicon arrays are grown directionally in a Bridgman furnace at velocities in the regime of 10{sup -3} m/sec and with a temperature gradient of 7.5 x 10{sup 3} K/m. Under these conditions, the primary Si phase grows as an array of twinned bicrystalline dendrites, where the twinning gives rise to a characteristic 8-pointed star-shaped primary morphology. While this primary Si remains largely faceted at the growth front, a complex structure of coherent symmetric twin boundaries enables various adjustment mechanisms which operate to optimize the characteristic spacings within the primary array. In the work presented here, this primary silicon growth morphology is examined in detail. In particular, this thesis describes the investigation of: (1) morphological selection of the twinned bicrystalline primary starshape morphology; (2) primary array behavior, including the lateral propagation of the starshape grains and the associated evolution of a strong <100> texture; (3) the detailed structure of the 8-pointed star-shaped primary morphology, including the twin boundary configuration within the central core; (4) the mechanisms of lateral propagation and spacing adjustment during array evolution; and (5) the thermosolutal conditions (i.e. operating state) at the primary growth front, including composition and phase fraction in the vicinity of the primary tip.

  11. District heating strategy model: community manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrabak, R. A.; Kron, Jr., N. F.; Pferdehirt, W. P.

    1981-10-01

    The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) cosponsor a program aimed at increasing the number of district heating and cooling systems. Twenty-eight communities have received HUD cooperative agreements to aid in a national feasibility assessment of district heating and cooling systems. The HUD/DOE program includes technical assistance provided by Argonne National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Part of this assistance is a computer program, called the district heating strategy model, that performs preliminary calculations to analyze potential district heating and cooling systems. The model uses information about a community's physical characteristics, current electricity-supply systems, and local economic conditions to calculate heat demands, heat supplies from existing power plants and a new boiler, system construction costs, basic financial forecasts, and changes in air-pollutant emissions resulting from installation of a district heating and cooling system. This report explains the operation of the district heating strategy model, provides simplified forms for organizing the input data required, and describes and illustrates the model's output data. The report is written for three groups of people: (1) those in the HUD/DOE-sponsored communities who will be collecting input data, and studying output data, to assess the potential for district heating and cooling applications in their communiites; (2) those in any other communities who may wish to use the model for the same purpose; and (3) technical-support people assigned by the national laboratories to explain to community personnel how the model is used.

  12. Optimization of strength and ductility in nanotwinned ultrafine grained Ag: twin density and grain orientations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ott, R. T.; Geng, J.; Besser, M. F.; Kramer, M. J.; Wang, Y. M.; Park, E. S.; LeSar, R.; King, A. H.

    2015-06-27

    Nanotwinned ultrafine grained Ag thick films with different twin densities and orientations have been synthesized by magnetron sputtering with a wide-range of deposition rates. The twin boundary (TB) spacings and orientations as well as the grain size for the different deposition conditions have been characterized by both synchrotron X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Structural characterization combined with uniaxial tensile tests of the free-standing films reveals a large increase in the yield strength for films deposited at high deposition rates without any accompanying change in the TB spacing – a behavior that is in contrast with what has been reported in the literature. We find that films deposited at lower deposition rates exhibit more randomly oriented grains with a lower overall twin density (averaged over all the grains) than the more heavily twinned grains with strong <111> fiber texture in the films deposited at higher deposition rates. The TB spacing in the twinned grains, however, does not show any significant dependence on the deposition rate. The dependence of the strength and ductility on the twin density and orientations can be described by two different soft deformation modes: 1) untwinned grains and 2) nanowinned grains that are not oriented with <111> along the growth direction. The untwinned grains provide relatively low resistance to slip, and thus decreased strength, while the nanotwinned grains that are not oriented with <111> along the growth direction are softer than nanotwinned grains that are oriented with <111> along the growth direction. We reveal that an ultrafine-grained (150-200 nm) structure consisting of a mixture of nanotwinned (~ 8-12 nm spacing) and untwined grains yields the best combination of high strength and uniform tensile ductility.

  13. Optimization of strength and ductility in nanotwinned ultrafine grained Ag: twin density and grain orientations

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Ott, R. T.; Geng, J.; Besser, M. F.; Kramer, M. J.; Wang, Y. M.; Park, E. S.; LeSar, R.; King, A. H.

    2015-06-27

    Nanotwinned ultrafine grained Ag thick films with different twin densities and orientations have been synthesized by magnetron sputtering with a wide-range of deposition rates. The twin boundary (TB) spacings and orientations as well as the grain size for the different deposition conditions have been characterized by both synchrotron X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Structural characterization combined with uniaxial tensile tests of the free-standing films reveals a large increase in the yield strength for films deposited at high deposition rates without any accompanying change in the TB spacing – a behavior that is in contrast with what has beenmore » reported in the literature. We find that films deposited at lower deposition rates exhibit more randomly oriented grains with a lower overall twin density (averaged over all the grains) than the more heavily twinned grains with strong <111> fiber texture in the films deposited at higher deposition rates. The TB spacing in the twinned grains, however, does not show any significant dependence on the deposition rate. The dependence of the strength and ductility on the twin density and orientations can be described by two different soft deformation modes: 1) untwinned grains and 2) nanowinned grains that are not oriented with <111> along the growth direction. The untwinned grains provide relatively low resistance to slip, and thus decreased strength, while the nanotwinned grains that are not oriented with <111> along the growth direction are softer than nanotwinned grains that are oriented with <111> along the growth direction. We reveal that an ultrafine-grained (150-200 nm) structure consisting of a mixture of nanotwinned (~ 8-12 nm spacing) and untwined grains yields the best combination of high strength and uniform tensile ductility.« less

  14. 1980 annual report of the Coolidge Solar Irrigation Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torkelson, L.; Larson, D. L.

    1981-02-01

    The Coolidge Solar Irrigation Facility at Coolidge, Arizona, consists of a 2136.8-m/sup 2/ (23,000-ft/sup 2/) line-focus parabolic trough collector subsystem, a 113.55-m/sup 3/ (30,000-gallon) thermal storage subsystem, and a 150-kW/sub e/ (142.2-Btu/s) organic Rankine cycle power generation unit. The performance of the facility and its operational and maintenance requirements are reported. The period from the the facility's initial operation in October 1979 to 31 August 1980 is covered.

  15. A modeling study of irrigation effects on global surface water and groundwater resources under a changing climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leng, Guoyong; Huang, Maoyi; Tang, Qiuhong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2015-08-25

    Abstract In this study, the effects of irrigation on global surface water (SW) and groundwater (GW) resources are investigated by performing simulations using Community Land Model 4.0 (CLM4) at 0.5-degree resolution driven by downscaled/bias-corrected historical simulations and future projections from five General Circulation Models (GCMs) for 1950-2099. For each climate scenario, three sets of numerical experiments were configured: (1) a control experiment (CTRL) in which all crops are assumed to be rainfed; (2) an irrigation experiment (IRRIG) in which the irrigation module using only SW for irrigation is activated; and (3) a groundwater pumping experiment (PUMP) in which a groundwater pumping scheme coupled with the irrigation module is activated for conjunctive use of SW and GW for irrigation. The parameters associated with irrigation and groundwater pumping are calibrated based on a global inventory of census-based SW and GW use compiled by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Our results suggest that irrigation could lead to two major opposing effects: SW depletion/GW accumulation in regions with irrigation primarily fed by SW, and SW accumulation/GW depletion in regions with irrigation fed primarily by GW. Furthermore, irrigation depending primarily on SW tends to have larger impacts on low-flow than high-flow conditions, suggesting the potential to increase vulnerability to drought. By the end of the 21st century (2070-2099), climate change significantly increases (relative to 1971-2000) irrigation water demand across the world. Combined with the increased temporal-spatial variability of water supply, this may lead to severe issues of local water scarcity for irrigation. Regionally, irrigation has the potential to aggravate/alleviate climate-induced changes of SW/GW although such effects are negligible when averaged globally. Our results emphasize the importance of accounting for irrigation effects and irrigation sources in regional climate change

  16. A modeling study of irrigation effects on global surface water and groundwater resources under a changing climate

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Leng, Guoyong; Huang, Maoyi; Tang, Qiuhong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2015-08-25

    In this paper, the effects of irrigation on global surface water (SW) and groundwater (GW) resources are investigated by performing simulations using Community Land Model 4.0 (CLM4) at 0.5-degree resolution driven by downscaled/bias-corrected historical simulations and future projections from five General Circulation Models (GCMs) for 1950-2099. For each climate scenario, three sets of numerical experiments were configured: (1) a control experiment (CTRL) in which all crops are assumed to be rainfed; (2) an irrigation experiment (IRRIG) in which the irrigation module using only SW for irrigation is activated; and (3) a groundwater pumping experiment (PUMP) in which a groundwater pumpingmore » scheme coupled with the irrigation module is activated for conjunctive use of SW and GW for irrigation. The parameters associated with irrigation and groundwater pumping are calibrated based on a global inventory of census-based SW and GW use compiled by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Our results suggest that irrigation could lead to two major opposing effects: SW depletion/GW accumulation in regions with irrigation primarily fed by SW, and SW accumulation/GW depletion in regions with irrigation fed primarily by GW. Furthermore, irrigation depending primarily on SW tends to have larger impacts on low-flow than high-flow conditions, suggesting the potential to increase vulnerability to drought. By the end of the 21st century (2070-2099), climate change significantly increases (relative to 1971-2000) irrigation water demand across the world. Combined with the increased temporal-spatial variability of water supply, this may lead to severe issues of local water scarcity for irrigation. Regionally, irrigation has the potential to aggravate/alleviate climate-induced changes of SW/GW although such effects are negligible when averaged globally. Our results emphasize the importance of accounting for irrigation effects and irrigation sources in regional climate change

  17. A modeling study of irrigation effects on global surface water and groundwater resources under a changing climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leng, Guoyong; Huang, Maoyi; Tang, Qiuhong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2015-08-25

    In this paper, the effects of irrigation on global surface water (SW) and groundwater (GW) resources are investigated by performing simulations using Community Land Model 4.0 (CLM4) at 0.5-degree resolution driven by downscaled/bias-corrected historical simulations and future projections from five General Circulation Models (GCMs) for 1950-2099. For each climate scenario, three sets of numerical experiments were configured: (1) a control experiment (CTRL) in which all crops are assumed to be rainfed; (2) an irrigation experiment (IRRIG) in which the irrigation module using only SW for irrigation is activated; and (3) a groundwater pumping experiment (PUMP) in which a groundwater pumping scheme coupled with the irrigation module is activated for conjunctive use of SW and GW for irrigation. The parameters associated with irrigation and groundwater pumping are calibrated based on a global inventory of census-based SW and GW use compiled by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Our results suggest that irrigation could lead to two major opposing effects: SW depletion/GW accumulation in regions with irrigation primarily fed by SW, and SW accumulation/GW depletion in regions with irrigation fed primarily by GW. Furthermore, irrigation depending primarily on SW tends to have larger impacts on low-flow than high-flow conditions, suggesting the potential to increase vulnerability to drought. By the end of the 21st century (2070-2099), climate change significantly increases (relative to 1971-2000) irrigation water demand across the world. Combined with the increased temporal-spatial variability of water supply, this may lead to severe issues of local water scarcity for irrigation. Regionally, irrigation has the potential to aggravate/alleviate climate-induced changes of SW/GW although such effects are negligible when averaged globally. Our results emphasize the importance of accounting for irrigation effects and irrigation sources in regional climate change impact

  18. 2030 District Program and Small Commercial Toolkit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    30 District Program and Small Commercial Toolkit 2014 Building Technologies Office Peer Review Cindy Regnier, CMRegnier@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Project Summary (New Project) Timeline: Start date: October 1, 2013 Planned end date: March 30, 2016 Key Milestones 1. Develop program resources and tools, 9/30/14 2. Complete demonstrations, 9/30/15 3. Deployment to other 2030 Districts, 3/30/16 Budget: Total DOE $ to date: $2M (for program and toolkit, no dollars are applied to retrofits

  19. 2030 District Program and Small Commercial Toolkit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cindy Regnier, CMRegnier@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Vincent Martinez, martinez@architecture2030.org Architecture 2030 2030 District Program and Small Commercial Toolkit 2015 Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2 Project Summary Timeline: Start date: October 1, 2013 Planned end date: March 30, 2016 Key Milestones 1. Develop program resources and tools, 9/30/14 2. Complete demonstrations, 9/30/15 3. Deployment to other 2030 Districts, 3/30/16 Budget: Total DOE $ to date: $2M (for

  20. Buckeye Water C&D District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Buckeye Water C&D District Jump to: navigation, search Name: Buckeye Water C&D District Place: Arizona Phone Number: 623-386-2196 Website: www.bwcdd.com Outage Hotline: Upper...

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet ...

  2. BLM Las Cruces District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Cruces District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Las Cruces District Office Address: 1800 Marquess Street Place: Las Cruces, NM Zip: 88005 Phone Number: (575) 525-4300...

  3. BLM West Desert District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Desert District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM West Desert District Office Place: Salt Lake City, Utah Phone Number: (801) 977-4300 ParentHolding Organization:...

  4. BLM Idaho Falls District Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Falls District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: BLM Idaho Falls District Office Address: 1405 Hollipark Drive Place: Idaho Falls, ID Zip: 83401 Phone Number: 208-524-7500...

  5. Indiana's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in Indiana's 3rd congressional district NuFuels LLC Ultra Soy of America DBA USA Biofuels Utility Companies in Indiana's 3rd congressional district City of Auburn,...

  6. Alamo Power District No 3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Alamo Power District No 3 Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alamo Power District No 3 Place: Nevada Phone Number: (775) 725-3335 Outage Hotline: (775) 725-3335 References: EIA Form...

  7. Metropolitan Water District of S CA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Metropolitan Water District of S CA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Metropolitan Water District of S CA Place: California Phone Number: (213) 217-6000 Website: www.mwdh2o.com...

  8. New York's 29th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New York. Registered Energy Companies in New York's 29th congressional district Bell...

  9. New York's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New York. Registered Energy Companies in New York's 3rd congressional district Cemtrex Inc...

  10. New York's 24th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New York. Registered Energy Companies in New York's 24th congressional district Ioxus Inc...

  11. Elec District No. 5 Maricopa C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    District No. 5 Maricopa C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Elec District No. 5 Maricopa C Place: Arizona Phone Number: (480) 610-8741 Outage Hotline: (480) 610-8741 References:...

  12. Overton Power District No 5 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Overton Power District No 5 Jump to: navigation, search Name: Overton Power District No 5 Place: Nevada Phone Number: (702) 397-2512 Website: ebill.opd5.comoscp Twitter: @OPD5...

  13. TCEQ - Map of Texas Groundwater Conservation Districts | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Map of Texas Groundwater Conservation Districts Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Map: TCEQ - Map of Texas Groundwater Conservation DistrictsInfo...

  14. Texas's 31st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 31st congressional district EEStor Global Flex...

  15. Making the Grade: Washington School District Invest in Energy Efficiency

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    A Washington State school district achieved 28% savings on its energy bills as part of its commitment to the Energy Departments Better Buildings Challenge. Camas School District committed one...

  16. New Mexico's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New Mexico. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New Mexico's 2nd congressional district Ktech...

  17. New Mexico's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New Mexico. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New Mexico's 1st congressional district Ktech...

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center: District of Columbia Transportation Data for

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Vehicles District of Columbia Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: District of Columbia Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: District of Columbia Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: District of Columbia Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and

  19. Minnesota's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Networking Organizations in Minnesota's 7th congressional district Indigenous Environmental Network Registered Energy Companies in Minnesota's 7th congressional...

  20. Foster-Glocester Regional School District (Rhode Island) - Financing Profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2008-12-01

    This document is an EnergySmart Schools Financing Profile of Foster-Glocester Regional School District in Rhode Island

  1. Oregon School District Benefits from Energy Improvements | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Oregon School District Benefits from Energy Improvements Oregon School District Benefits from Energy Improvements February 29, 2016 - 2:53pm Addthis Before-and-after scenes of the energy-saving renovations at Oregon's Lowell School District in summer 2015. Upgrades included insulation of attics and exterior walls, roof replacements, and removal and replacement of asbestos siding. Before-and-after scenes of the energy-saving renovations at Oregon's Lowell School District in summer

  2. Response of the District of Columbia Public Service Commission | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy of the District of Columbia Public Service Commission Response of the District of Columbia Public Service Commission Docket No. EO-05-01: Response of the District of Columbia Public Service Commission ("DCPSC") to submissions made in this proceeding by Robert G. Burnley, Director of the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Environmental Quality and the City of Alexandria. Response of the District of Columbia Public Service Commission (7.17 MB) More Documents &

  3. Indiana's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Alliance Indianapolis Power Light National Renewables Cooperative Organization NRCO Simon Property Group Utility Companies in Indiana's 5th congressional district...

  4. Washington's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    7th congressional district ARCH Venture Partners (Washington) Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center Washington Technology Center Registered Networking...

  5. Ground Source Geothermal District Heating and Cooling System (Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: Ground Source Geothermal District Heating and Cooling System Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Ground Source Geothermal District Heating and Cooling System Ball State University converted its campus from a coal-fired steam boiler district heating system to a ground source heat pump geothermal district system that produces simultaneously hot water for heating and chilled water for cooling. This system will include the installation of 3,600

  6. Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy This webinar, held on Nov. 10, 2010, provides information on combined heat and power and district energy. Transcript Presentation (1.8 MB) More Documents & Publications Effective O&M Policy in Public Buildings Preparing for the Arrival of Electric Vehicle Quality Assurance for Residential Retrofit Programs

  7. Preparation of high-strength nanometer scale twinned coating and foil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xinghang; Misra, Amit; Nastasi, Michael A.; Hoagland, Richard G.

    2006-07-18

    Very high strength single phase stainless steel coating has been prepared by magnetron sputtering onto a substrate. The coating has a unique microstructure of nanometer spaced twins that are parallel to each other and to the substrate surface. For cases where the coating and substrate do not bind strongly, the coating can be peeled off to provide foil.

  8. Surface and grain boundary scattering in nanometric Cu thin films: A quantitative analysis including twin boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barmak, Katayun [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 and Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Darbal, Amith [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Ganesh, Kameswaran J.; Ferreira, Paulo J. [Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Rickman, Jeffrey M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Sun, Tik; Yao, Bo; Warren, Andrew P.; Coffey, Kevin R., E-mail: kb2612@columbia.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The relative contributions of various defects to the measured resistivity in nanocrystalline Cu were investigated, including a quantitative account of twin-boundary scattering. It has been difficult to quantitatively assess the impact twin boundary scattering has on the classical size effect of electrical resistivity, due to limitations in characterizing twin boundaries in nanocrystalline Cu. In this study, crystal orientation maps of nanocrystalline Cu films were obtained via precession-assisted electron diffraction in the transmission electron microscope. These orientation images were used to characterize grain boundaries and to measure the average grain size of a microstructure, with and without considering twin boundaries. The results of these studies indicate that the contribution from grain-boundary scattering is the dominant factor (as compared to surface scattering) leading to enhanced resistivity. The resistivity data can be well-described by the combined FuchsSondheimer surface scattering model and MayadasShatzkes grain-boundary scattering model using Matthiessen's rule with a surface specularity coefficient of p?=?0.48 and a grain-boundary reflection coefficient of R?=?0.26.

  9. Cool Trends in District Energy: A Survey of Thermal Energy Storage Use in District Energy Utility Applications, June 2005

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    A Survey of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Use In District Energy (DE) Utility Applications in June 2005

  10. Real-time data acquisition and telemetry based irrigation control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slater, John M.; Svoboda, John M.

    2005-12-13

    A data acquisition and telemetry based control system for use in facilitating substantially real time management of an agricultural irrigation system. The soil moisture sensor includes a reader and a plurality of probes. The probes each include an electronic circuit having a moisture sensing capacitor in operative communication with the soil whose moisture is to be measured. Each probe also includes a receive/transmit antenna and the reader includes a transmit/receive antenna, so that as the reader passes near the probe, the reader transmits a digital excitation signal to the electronic circuit of the biodegradable probe via an inductive couple formed between the transmit/receive antenna of the reader and the receive/transmit coil of the probe. The electronic circuit uses an energy component of the excitation signal to generate a digital data signal which indicates the moisture content of the soil adjacent to the moisture sensing capacitor. The probe sends the data signal to the reader which then uses the data signal to develop a corresponding set of watering instructions which are then transmitted to a control module in communication with the irrigation system. The control module sends corresponding control signals to nozzles of the irrigation system causing the irrigation system to disperse water in a manner consistent with the moisture content data transmitted by the probes to the reader. Because the irrigation system moves continuously through the field to be irrigated, the moisture content data acquisition and resultant water dispersal by the irrigation system occur substantially in real time.

  11. Viability of Small Wind Distributed Generation for Farmers Who Irrigate (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meadows, B.; Forsyth, T.; Johnson, S.; Healow, D.

    2010-05-01

    About 14% of U.S. farms are irrigated, representing 55 million acres of irrigated land. Irrigation on these farms is a major energy user in the United States, accounting for one-third of water withdrawals and 137 billion gallons per day. More than half of the Irrigation systems use electric energy. Wind energy can be a good choice for meeting irrigation energy needs. Nine of the top 10 irrigation states (California, Texas, Idaho, Arkansas, Colorado, Nebraska, Arizona, Kansas, Washington, and Oregon) have good to excellent wind resources. Many rural areas have sufficient wind speeds to make wind an attractive alternative, and farms and ranches can often install a wind energy system without impacting their ability to plant crops and graze livestock. Additionally, the rising and uncertain future costs of diesel, natural gas, and even electricity increase the potential effectiveness for wind energy and its predictable and competitive cost. In general, wind-powered electric generation systems generate more energy in the winter months than in the summer months when most crops need the water. Therefore, those states that have a supportive net metering policy can dramatically impact the viability of an onsite wind turbine. This poster presentation highlights case studies that show favorable and unfavorable policies that impact the growth of small wind in this important sector and demonstrate how net metering policies affect the viability of distributed wind generation for farmers who irrigate.

  12. Opportunities for Demand Response in California Agricultural Irrigation: A Scoping Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Gary; Wilcox, Edmund; Olsen, Daniel; Goli, Sasank

    2013-01-02

    California agricultural irrigation consumes more than ten billion kilowatt hours of electricity annually and has significant potential for contributing to a reduction of stress on the grid through demand response, permanent load shifting, and energy efficiency measures. To understand this potential, a scoping study was initiated for the purpose of determining the associated opportunities, potential, and adoption challenges in California agricultural irrigation. The primary research for this study was conducted in two ways. First, data was gathered and parsed from published sources that shed light on where the best opportunities for load shifting and demand response lie within the agricultural irrigation sector. Secondly, a small limited survey was conducted as informal face-to-face interviews with several different California growers to get an idea of their ability and willingness to participate in permanent load shifting and/or demand response programs. Analysis of the data obtained from published sources and the survey reveal demand response and permanent load shifting opportunities by growing region, irrigation source, irrigation method, grower size, and utility coverage. The study examines some solutions for demand response and permanent load shifting in agricultural irrigation, which include adequate irrigation system capacity, automatic controls, variable frequency drives, and the contribution from energy efficiency measures. The study further examines the potential and challenges for grower acceptance of demand response and permanent load shifting in California agricultural irrigation. As part of the examination, the study considers to what extent permanent load shifting, which is already somewhat accepted within the agricultural sector, mitigates the need or benefit of demand response for agricultural irrigation. Recommendations for further study include studies on how to gain grower acceptance of demand response as well as other related studies such as

  13. Modeling the Effects of Groundwater-fed Irrigation on Terrestrial Hydrology over the Conterminous United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leng, Guoyong; Huang, Maoyi; Tang, Qiuhong; Gao, Huilin; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2014-06-01

    Human alteration of the land surface hydrologic cycle is substantial. Recent studies suggest that local water management practices including groundwater pumping and irrigation could significantly alter the quantity and distribution of water in the terrestrial system, with potential impacts on weather and climate through land-atmosphere feedbacks. In this study, we incorporated a groundwater withdrawal scheme into the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4). To simulate the impact of irrigation realistically, we calibrated the CLM4 simulated irrigation amount against observations from agriculture census at the county scale over the conterminous United States (CONUS). The water used for irrigation was then removed from the surface runoff and groundwater aquifer according to a ratio determined from the county-level agricultural census data. Based on the simulations, the impact of groundwater withdrawals for irrigation on land surface and subsurface fluxes were investigated. Our results suggest that the impacts of irrigation on latent heat flux and potential recharge when water is withdrawn from surface water alone or from both surface and groundwater are comparable and local to the irrigation areas. However, when water is withdrawn from groundwater for irrigation, greater effects on the subsurface water balance were found, leading to significant depletion of groundwater storage in regions with low recharge rate and high groundwater exploitation rate. Our results underscore the importance of local hydrologic feedbacks in governing hydrologic response to anthropogenic change in CLM4 and the need to more realistically simulate the two-way interactions among surface water, groundwater, and atmosphere to better understand the impacts of groundwater pumping on irrigation efficiency and climate.

  14. Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix F: Irrigation, Municipal and Industrial/Water Supply.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Columbia River System Operations Review; United States. Bonneville Power Administration; United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. North Pacific Division; United States. Bureau of Reclamation. Pacific Northwest Region.

    1995-11-01

    Since the 1930`s, the Columbia River has been harnessed for the benefit of the Northwest and the nation. Federal agencies have built 30 major dams on the river and its tributaries. Dozens of non-Federal projects have been developed as well. The dams provide flood control, irrigation, navigation, hydro-electric power generation, recreation, fish and wildlife, and streamflows for wildlife, anadromous fish, resident fish, and water quality. This is Appendix F of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Columbia River System, focusing on irrigation issues and concerns arrising from the Irrigation and Mitigation of impacts (M&I) working Group of the SOR process. Major subheadings include the following: Scope and process of irrigation/M&I studies; Irrigation/M&I in the Columbia Basin Today including overview, irrigated acreage and water rights, Irrigation and M&I issues basin-wide and at specific locations; and the analysis of impacts and alternative for the Environmental Impact Statement.

  15. Table 20. Coal Imports by Customs District

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0. Coal Imports by Customs District (short tons) Year to Date Customs District April - June 2016 January - March 2016 April - June 2015 2016 2015 Percent Change Eastern Total 62,212 312,200 114,560 374,412 634,619 -41.0 Boston, MA 52,580 278,171 52,801 330,751 449,174 -26.4 Buffalo, NY 23 71 251 94 260 -63.8 New York City, NY 22 773 445 795 888 -10.5 Portland, ME - - 45,470 - 138,531 - Providence, RI 9,587 33,185 15,572 42,772 45,745 -6.5 St. Albans, VT - - 21 - 21 - Southern Total 1,925,772

  16. Alternative institutional vehicles for geothermal district heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bressler, S.; Gardner, T.C.; King, D.; Nimmons, J.T.

    1980-06-01

    The attributes of various institutional entities which might participate in various phases of geothermal heating applications are described. Public entities considered include cities, counties, and special districts. Private entities discussed include cooperative organizations and non-member-owned private enterprises. The powers, authority and manner of operation of each of the institutional entities are reviewed. Some of the public utility regulatory implications which may affect choices among available alternatives are considered. (MHR)

  17. COLLOQUIUM: Princeton University's District Energy Approach and

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Implications for Improving Energy Efficiency | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab December 14, 2016, 4:15pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium, PPPL (284 cap.) COLLOQUIUM: Princeton University's District Energy Approach and Implications for Improving Energy Efficiency Edward T. Borer Princeton University We will discuss how heating, cooling, and electrical energy is currently produced and delivered to Princeton's community of approximately 12,000 people and 180 buildings. What is the university's

  18. Thermal stability of sputter-deposited 330 austenitic stainless-steel thin films with nanoscale growth twins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, X.; Misra, A.; Wang, H.; Swadener, J.G.; Lima, A.L.; Hundley, M.F.; Hoagland, R.G.

    2005-12-05

    We have explored the thermal stability of nanoscale growth twins in sputter-deposited 330 stainless-steel (SS) films by vacuum annealing up to 500 deg. C. In spite of an average twin spacing of only 4 nm in the as-deposited films, no detectable variation in the twin spacing or orientation of twin interfaces was observed after annealing. An increase in the average columnar grain size was observed after annealing. The hardness of 330 SS films increases after annealing, from 7 GPa for as-deposited films to around 8 GPa for annealed films, while the electrical resistivity decreases slightly after annealing. The changes in mechanical and electrical properties after annealing are interpreted in terms of the corresponding changes in the residual stress and microstructure of the films.

  19. Thermodynamic evidence for the Bose glass transition in twinnedYBa2Cu3O7-δcrystals

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Pérez-Morelo, D. J.; Osquiguil, E.; Kolton, A. B.; Nieva, G.; Jung, I. W.; López, D.; Pastoriza, H.

    2015-07-21

    We used a micromechanical torsional oscillator to measure the magnetic response of a twinned YBaBa2Cu3O7-δ single crystal disk near the Bose glass transition. We observe an anomaly in the temperature dependence of the magnetization consistent with the appearance of a magnetic shielding perpendicular to the correlated pinning of the twin boundaries. This effect is related to the thermodynamic transition from the vortex liquid phase to a Bose glass state.

  20. Effects of twin boundary mobility on domain microstructure evolution in magnetic shape memory alloys: Phase field simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Yongmei M.

    2009-02-09

    Effects of twin boundary mobility on domain microstructure evolution during magnetic field-induced deformation in magnetic shape memory alloys are studied by phase field micromagnetic microelastic modeling. The simulations show that different twin boundary mobilities lead to drastically different domain microstructures and evolution pathways, yielding very different magnetization and strain responses, even with opposite signs. The study also reveals complex domain phenomena in magnetic shape memory alloys.

  1. The role of twinning deformation on the hardening response of polycrystalline magnesium from discrete dislocation dynamics simulations

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Fan, Haidong; Aubry, Sylvie; Arsenlis, Athanasios; El-Awady, Jaafar A.

    2015-04-13

    The mechanical response of micro-twinned polycrystalline magnesium was studied through three-dimensional discrete dislocation dynamics (DDD). A systematic interaction model between dislocations and (1012) tension twin boundaries (TBs) was proposed and introduced into the DDD framework. In addition, a nominal grain boundary (GB) model agreeing with experimental results was also introduced to mimic the GB’s barrier effect. The current simulation results show that TBs act as a strong obstacle to gliding dislocations, which contributes significantly to the hardening behavior of magnesium. On the other hand, the deformation accommodated by twinning plays a softening role. Therefore, the concave shape of the Mgmore » stress-strain curve results from the competition between dislocation-TB induced hardening and twinning deformation induced softening. At low strain levels, twinning deformation induced softening dominates and a decreasing hardening rate is observed in Stage-I. In Stage-II, both the hardening and softening effects decline, but twinning deformation induced softening declines faster, which leads to an increasing hardening rate.« less

  2. Carbon Sequestration in Dryland and Irrigated Agroecosystems: Quantification at Different Scales for Improved Prediction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verma, Shashi B; Cassman, Kenneth G; Arkebauer, Timothy J; Hubbard, Kenneth G; Knops, Johannes M; Suyker, Andrew E

    2012-09-14

    The overall objective of this research is to improve our basic understanding of the biophysical processes that govern C sequestration in major rainfed and irrigated agroecosystems in the north-central USA.

  3. C.R.S. 37 - Water and Irrigation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: C.R.S. 37 - Water and IrrigationLegal Abstract This statutory provision governs Colorado...

  4. Low-Cost Magnesium Sheet Production using the Twin Roll Casting Process and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Asymmetric Rolling | Department of Energy 2 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting lm058_warren_2012_o.pdf (2.18 MB) More Documents & Publications Low-Cost Magnesium Sheet Production using the Twin Roll Casting Process and Asymmetric Rolling Materials Characterization Capabilities at the High Temperature Materials Laboratory: Focus Lightweighting Materials Materials Characterization Capabilities at the High

  5. Control of Physical Properties of Solids by Defects: Twin Boundary and

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Anion Doping | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Control of Physical Properties of Solids by Defects: Twin Boundary and Anion Doping Event Sponsor: Materials Science Division Seminar Start Date: Oct 31 2016 - 11:00am Building/Room: Building 241/Room D172 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Seung-Hyub Baek Speaker(s) Title: Korea Institute of Science and Technology Host: Seungbum Hong In this talk, I will cover two topics on the control of materials' properties by

  6. Enhanced charge recombination due to surfaces and twin defects in GaAs nanostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Evan; Sheng, Chunyang; Nakano, Aiichiro; Shimamura, Kohei; Shimojo, Fuyuki

    2015-02-07

    Power conversion efficiency of gallium arsenide (GaAs) nanowire (NW) solar cells is severely limited by enhanced charge recombination (CR) at sidewall surfaces, but its atomistic mechanisms are not well understood. In addition, GaAs NWs usually contain a high density of twin defects that form a twin superlattice, but its effects on CR dynamics are largely unknown. Here, quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) simulations reveal the existence of an intrinsic type-II heterostructure at the (110) GaAs surface. Nonadiabatic quantum molecular dynamics (NAQMD) simulations show that the resulting staggered band alignment causes a photoexcited electron in the bulk to rapidly transfer to the surface. We have found orders-of-magnitude enhancement of the CR rate at the surface compared with the bulk value. Furthermore, QMD and NAQMD simulations show unique surface electronic states at alternating (111)A and (111)B sidewall surfaces of a twinned [111]-oriented GaAs NW, which act as effective CR centers. The calculated large surface recombination velocity quantitatively explains recent experimental observations and provides microscopic understanding of the underlying CR processes.

  7. Ferroelastic twin structures in epitaxial WO{sub 3} thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yun, Shinhee; Woo, Chang-Su; Lee, Jin Hong; Chu, Kanghyun; Kim, Gi-Yeop; Choi, Si-Young; Sharma, Pankaj; Seidel, Jan; Song, Jong Hyun; Chung, Sung-Yoon; Yang, Chan-Ho

    2015-12-21

    Tungsten trioxide is a binary oxide that has potential applications in electrochromic windows, gas sensors, photo-catalysts, and superconductivity. Here, we analyze the crystal structure of atomically flat epitaxial layers on YAlO{sub 3} single crystal substrates and perform nanoscale investigations of the ferroelastic twins revealing a hierarchical structure at multiple length scales. We have found that the finest stripe ferroelastic twin walls along pseudocubic 〈100〉 axes are associated with cooperative mosaic rotations of the monoclinic films and the larger stripe domains along pseudocubic 〈110〉 axes are created to reduce the misfit strain through a commensurate matching of an effective in-plane lattice parameter between film and substrate. The typical widths of the two fine and larger stripe domains increase with film thickness following a power law with scaling exponents of ∼0.6 and ∼0.4, respectively. We have also found that the twin structure can be readily influenced by illumination with an electron beam or a tip-based mechanical compression.

  8. Regional climate effects of irrigation and urbanization in thewestern united states: a model intercomparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snyder, M.A.; Kueppers, L.M.; Sloan, L.C.; Cavan, D.C.; Jin, J.; Kanamaru, H.; Miller, N.L.; Tyree, M.; Du, H.; Weare, B.

    2006-05-01

    In the western United States, more than 30,500 square miles has been converted to irrigated agriculture and urban areas. This study compares the climate responses of four regional climate models (RCMs) to these past land-use changes. The RCMs used two contrasting land cover distributions: potential natural vegetation, and modern land cover that includes agriculture and urban areas. Three of the RCMs represented irrigation by supplementing soil moisture, producing large decreases in August mean (-2.5 F to -5.6 F) and maximum (-5.2 F to -10.1 F) 2-meter temperatures where natural vegetation was converted to irrigated agriculture. Conversion to irrigated agriculture also resulted in large increases in relative humidity (9 percent 36 percent absolute change). Only one of the RCMs produced increases in summer minimum temperature. Converting natural vegetation to urban land cover produced modest but discernable climate effects in all models, with the magnitude of the effects dependent upon the preexisting vegetation type. Overall, the RCM results indicate that land use change impacts are most pronounced during the summer months, when surface heating is strongest and differences in surface moisture between irrigated land and natural vegetation are largest. The irrigation effect on summer maximum temperatures is comparable in magnitude (but opposite in sign) to predicted future temperature change due to increasing greenhouse gas concentrations.

  9. Modified Streamflows 1990 Level of Irrigation : Columbia River and Coastal Basins, 1928-1989.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration; A.G. Crook Company

    1993-04-01

    The annual operation plans described in the following sections require detailed system regulation computer model studies. These system regulation studies are necessary to evaluate potential new projects and to develop operational rule curves for the existing system of projects. The objective is to provide a basis for evaluating alternative system regulation scenarios. This provides essential input for optimizing the management of existing projects and planning future projects for the most beneficial use of the water supply and resources in the entire region. Historical streamflows per se are inadequate for system regulation studies because the pattern of observed flow has continually changed with each successive stage of irrigation and e development. The problem, therefore, is to adjust for past operation of storage projects and to determine the necessary adjustments that should be made to recorded flows to reflect current stages of irrigation development. Historical flows which have been adjusted to a common level of irrigation development by correcting for the effects of diversion demand, return flow, and change-of-contents and evaporation in upstream reservoirs and lakes are referred to as modified flows. This report describes the development of irrigation depletion adjustments and modified flows for the 1990 level of development for the 61-year period 1928--1989. incremental depletion adjustments were computed in this report for each month of the 61-year period to adjust the effects of actual irrigation in each year up to that which would have been experienced with the irrigation as practiced in 1990.

  10. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mesa Unified School District Reaps Economic

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    and Environmental Benefits with Propane Buses Mesa Unified School District Reaps Economic and Environmental Benefits with Propane Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mesa Unified School District Reaps Economic and Environmental Benefits with Propane Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mesa Unified School District Reaps Economic and Environmental Benefits with Propane Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mesa Unified

  11. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota School District Finds Cost

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Savings, Cold-Weather Reliability with Propane Buses Minnesota School District Finds Cost Savings, Cold-Weather Reliability with Propane Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota School District Finds Cost Savings, Cold-Weather Reliability with Propane Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota School District Finds Cost Savings, Cold-Weather Reliability with Propane Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota

  12. Colorado's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Program (Colorado) Fort Collins Utilities - Residential and Small Commercial Appliance Rebate Program (Colorado) Utility Companies in Colorado's 4th congressional district City...

  13. Colorado's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Appliance Program (Colorado) Roaring Fork Valley - Energy Smart Colorado Renewable Energy Rebate Program (Colorado) Utility Companies in Colorado's 3rd congressional district Black...

  14. Florida's 10th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Florida's 10th congressional district Fuel Cells Technology Transit Idea One Inc Jabil Circuit Inc SolarPower Restoration Systems Inc Stationary Power...

  15. Virginia's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 6th congressional district ADMMicro Inc Luna Innovations Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleVirginia%27s6thcon...

  16. Making the Grade: Washington School District Invest in Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    saved put the district's schools in the top 25% most energy efficient facilities in the nation, earning them EPA's ENERGY STAR certification, Better Buildings is an initiative...

  17. Ohio's 16th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Ohio's 16th congressional district Four Seasons Windpower, LLC King Machine & Tool Co. Liquid Resources LLC Magnetech Industrial Services Morning Mist LLC...

  18. Michigan's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Michigan's 7th congressional district Astraeus Wind Energy Inc Biofuel Industries Group LLC Granger Electric Company Tecumseh Products Company Retrieved...

  19. Indiana's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Indiana. Registered Energy Companies in Indiana's 2nd congressional district Heartland Biofuel Inovateus Solar Inovateus Solar LLC New Energy Corporation Retrieved from "http:...

  20. Virginia's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Greenlight Biofuels Greenlight Energy Resources Inc GER Multitrade Biomass Holdings LLC Sol Sage Energy Energy Generation Facilities in Virginia's 5th congressional district...

  1. Utah's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Utah's 1st congressional district Blue Source LLC Ciralight Emery Energy Company Eneco Inc EnergySolutions Inc Genifuel Green Joules GreenFire Energy...

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: California School District Creates

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    First-of-Its-Kind Zero-Emissions Bus California School District Creates First-of-Its-Kind Zero-Emissions Bus to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California School District Creates First-of-Its-Kind Zero-Emissions Bus on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California School District Creates First-of-Its-Kind Zero-Emissions Bus on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California School District Creates First-of-Its-Kind Zero-Emissions Bus on

  3. Texas's 28th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Texas's 28th congressional district GCK Technology Inc Green Energy Resources Inc formerly New York International Log Lumber Company Imagine Homes...

  4. Michigan's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Michigan's 4th congressional district Cone Drive Operations Inc Dow Chemical Co Dow Kokam Heritage Sustainable Energy LLC LXE Energy Generation Facilities in...

  5. Michigan's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Michigan's 1st congressional district AG Solutions Inc Dow Chemical Co Dow Kokam Energy Generation Facilities in Michigan's 1st congressional...

  6. Georgia's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Georgia's 6th congressional district Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC Cellnet Legacy Environmental Solutions Prenova Inc formerly...

  7. Georgia's 11th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Georgia's 11th congressional district Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC Prenova Inc formerly Service Resources Inc Sriya Innovations Inc...

  8. Georgia's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Georgia's 13th congressional district Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC Prenova Inc formerly Service Resources Inc Sriya Innovations Inc...

  9. Michigan's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Michigan's 13th congressional district Detroit Edison Company Smart Grid Project The Detroit Edison Company Smart Grid Demonstration...

  10. Maryland's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    8th congressional district Arborview Capital Clean Currents Global Environment Fund GEF National Interest Security Company NISC Formerly Technology Management Services TMS Inc...

  11. Missouri's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district A2Wind Limited Affinity Wind LLC Akermin Inc Armstrong Teasdale Future Energy Group Clean Power Design CleanTech Biofuels International Fuel Technology...

  12. Missouri's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district A2Wind Limited Affinity Wind LLC Akermin Inc Armstrong Teasdale Future Energy Group Clean Power Design CleanTech Biofuels Confluence Solar International...

  13. Texas's 16th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Texas's 16th congressional district Acro Solar Lasers El Paso Electric EPE Global Alternative Fuels R Qubed Energy Inc Vertigro Global Green Solutions Valcent JV Utility...

  14. Ohio's 18th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Advanced Energy Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 18th congressional district Alternative Liquid Fuels (ALF) Appalachian Advanced Energy Association Blight-to-Bright...

  15. Illinois' 11th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Illinois' 11th congressional district State Farm Insurance Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleIllinois%2711thcongressiona...

  16. Red Cliffs Campground, Cedar City District, Utah | Department...

    Energy Savers

    This photograph shows the field station at Red Cliffs Campground in Utah's Cedar City District. Photovoltaic power systems allow the people working in these remote areas to have ...

  17. Nebraska's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Nebraska. Registered Energy Companies in Nebraska's 3rd congressional district Chief Ethanol Fuels Chief Ethanol Fuels Inc Husker Ag LLC Kaapa Ethanol LLC Mid America Agri...

  18. Arkansas's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Arkansas's 3rd congressional district Appro-Tec Renewable Energy Highline Hydrogen Hybrids Utility Companies in Arkansas's 3rd congressional...

  19. Michigan's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Michigan. Registered Energy Companies in Michigan's 5th congressional district 21st century Green Solutions LLC Kettering University Center for Fuel Cell Systems...

  20. Maryland's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Maryland's 2nd congressional district Baltimore Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in...

  1. Maryland's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Maryland's 7th congressional district Baltimore Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in...

  2. Arkansas's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biofuels Inc Utility Companies in Arkansas's 4th congressional district City of Hope, Arkansas (Utility Company) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  3. District of Columbia Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Area: District of Columbia Florida Georgia Maryland Michigan New Jersey New York Ohio Pennsylvania Virginia Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History ...

  4. Maryland's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Maryland's 6th congressional district Atlantic Biomass Conversions Inc BP Solar Freedom Energy Solutions LLC Solarex Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  5. Idaho's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Institutions in Idaho's 2nd congressional district Boise State University, CAES Energy Efficiency Research Institute Idaho National Laboratory Registered Energy Companies in...

  6. District of Columbia Recovery Act State Memo | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    District of Columbia Recovery Act State Memo The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. ...

  7. Colorado's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Colorado's 5th congressional district AC Solar Inc American Agri diesel LLC American Electric Vehicles Inc American Solar Technology BBI International Diamond...

  8. Empire District Electric- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Empire District Electric Company (EDEC) offers rebates to residential customers for energy audits, weatherization measures, central air conditioning systems, and energy efficient home appliances. ...

  9. Minnesota's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    1st congressional district Agra Resources Cooperative EXOL Agri Energy LLC Corn Plus High Country Energy Juhl Wind Inc MinnErgy LLC Minwind Energy LLC Next Generation...

  10. Maryland's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Maryland. Registered Energy Companies in Maryland's 1st congressional district Gore Fuel Cell Technologies Maryland Biodiesel Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  11. Colorado's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district Abengoa Solar Ampulse Ampulse Corporation Ascent Solar Blue Sun Biodiesel LLC CCBI, Inc. Colorado Fuel Cell Center CFCC Distributed Generation Systems Inc...

  12. Omaha Public Power District- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Omaha Public Power District (OPPD) offers incentives for commercial and industrial customers to install energy-efficient heat pumps and replace/retrofit existing lighting systems. The Commercial...

  13. Kansas's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Inc Northeast Kansas Bioenergy LLC R3 Energy LLC University of Kansas Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation Utility Companies in Kansas's 2nd congressional district Westar...

  14. Illinois' 19th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Illinois' 19th congressional district DarkStar VI Illinois Commerce Commission Mid America Biodiesel LLC MAB National Trail Biodiesel Retrieved from...

  15. Illinois' 12th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Illinois' 12th congressional district Coaltec Energy USA Inc DarkStar VI Heartland Biodiesel Inc Mid America Advanced Power Solutions Midwest...

  16. New Jersey's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    5th congressional district BGA Engineering LLC Building Performance Equipment, Inc. HERA USA Inc formerly Ergenics Inc Pure Energy Corporation PEC Raven Biofuels International...

  17. Texas--RRC District 10 Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate,...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Texas--RRC District 10 Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 ...

  18. Florida's 24th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district Alternative Concepts and Technology Etatech Inc Florida Power Electronics Center FPEC Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for Improved...

  19. Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district Cookson Electronics Jefferson Renewable Energy Tomorrow BioFuels LLC Retrieved from "http:...

  20. Florida's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    8th congressional district Alternative Concepts and Technology Florida Power Electronics Center FPEC Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for Improved...

  1. Tennessee's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Tennessee's 6th congressional district Energy Automation Systems Inc Murfreesboro Electric Department MED Spider Technologies Retrieved from...

  2. North Carolina's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in North Carolina. Registered Policy Organizations in North Carolina's 1st congressional...

  3. Texas's 17th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Institutions in Texas's 17th congressional district Baylor University - Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 17th congressional...

  4. Juneau School District Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    - Yankton School District Wind Project

  5. Townsend School District Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    - Yankton School District Wind Project

  6. Kodiak Island Borough School District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    - Yankton School District Wind Project

  7. Yankton School District Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    - Yankton School District Wind Project

  8. Ohio's 17th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 17th congressional district Akrong Machine Services Echogen Power Systems, Inc. FirstEnergy Green Energy Technologies Green...

  9. Ohio's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district A.J. Rose Manufacturing Company Advanced Hydro Solutions Akrong Machine Services Castle Energy Services Echogen Power Systems, Inc. FirstEnergy Free Energy...

  10. Tennessee's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in Tennessee's 7th congressional district Agri Energy Inc Biofuels America Inc Eco Energy Inc Memphis Biofuels LLC Nashville Electric Service NES Ocean Motion...

  11. Michigan's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Michigan's 6th congressional district Bauer Power Dynamic Engineering Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMichi...

  12. Florida's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Networking Organizations in Florida's 3rd congressional district North Florida Global Warming Study Group Registered Energy Companies in Florida's 3rd congressional...

  13. Florida's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Networking Organizations in Florida's 6th congressional district North Florida Global Warming Study Group Registered Energy Companies in Florida's 6th congressional...

  14. Florida's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Networking Organizations in Florida's 4th congressional district North Florida Global Warming Study Group Registered Energy Companies in Florida's 4th congressional...

  15. Missouri's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Kokam America Smith Electric Vehicles US SEV US Registered Financial Organizations in Missouri's 5th congressional district MRI Ventures Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  16. Washington's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Weyerhaeuser Energy Generation Facilities in Washington's 9th congressional district Simpson Tacoma Biomass Facility Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWashin...

  17. Washington's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Facilities in Washington's 6th congressional district Aberdeen Biomass Facility Simpson Tacoma Biomass Facility Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWashin...

  18. Ohio's 14th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Ohio. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 14th congressional district City of Painesville Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's...

  19. Florida's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Florida. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Florida's 5th congressional district City of Leesburg, Florida Smart Grid Project Lakeland Electric Smart Grid Project...

  20. Washington's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    4th congressional district Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in Washington's 4th...

  1. Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Gila Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Gila Hot Springs, New Mexico Coordinates Show Map...

  2. Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia...

    Energy Savers

    Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments ...

  3. Georgia's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Georgia. Registered Energy Companies in Georgia's 8th congressional district Alterra Bioenergy Alterra Bioenergy LLC Biomass Energy Services Inc Middle Georgia Biofuels Retrieved...

  4. Indiana's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Indianapolis Power Light Megawatt Energy Systems Simon Property Group Solarvest BioEnergy Utility Companies in Indiana's 4th congressional district Indianapolis Power & Light...

  5. Lassen Municipal Utility District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lassen Municipal Utility District (LMUD) offers an incentive for residential customers who purchase and install energy efficient equipment. Contact LMUD for information regarding which local...

  6. Georgia's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Resource Solutions ECO Solutions LLC Greenleaf Environmental Solutions Wilson and Dalton Utility Companies in Georgia's 9th congressional district Tri-State Electric Member...

  7. West Virginia's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in West Virginia. Registered Research Institutions in West Virginia's 1st congressional...

  8. Cuming County Public Power District Smart Grid Project | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    devices for the Cuming County Public Power District (CCPPD) are being upgraded, enhancing demand response and peak load reduction capabilities.3 Equipment Distribution Automation...

  9. Florida's 16th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Florida's 16th congressional district Kitson Partners LPG Electrical, Inc SEPCO - Solar Electric Power Company Retrieved from "http:...

  10. Motion to Intervene and Comments of Public Utility District No...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    one held by the District and export authorizations to add a requirement that the permittees provide open access transmission services on their international transmission lines. ...

  11. Wisconsin's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wisconsin. Registered Energy Companies in Wisconsin's 4th congressional district A.O. Smith Johnson Controls Optima Batteries Oskosh Tech Laboratories Inc WE Energies Retrieved...

  12. Wisconsin's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Project Registered Energy Companies in Wisconsin's 5th congressional district A.O. Smith Johnson Controls Magnatek Inc Optima Batteries Oskosh Tech Laboratories Inc WE...

  13. Texas's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in Texas's 21st congressional district Texas General Land Office Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTexas%27s21stcongressionaldistrict&oldid204390...

  14. Oregon's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Lincoln People's Utility District Pacific Northwest Generating Coop Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleOregon%27s5thcongressionaldistrict&oldid197284...

  15. Ohio's 15th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Ohio's 15th congressional district American Electric Power Co., Inc. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleOhio%27s15thcongressionaldistrict&oldid196993...

  16. Louisiana's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Louisiana's 2nd congressional district Entergy New Orleans Inc Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLouisiana%27s2ndcongressionaldistrict&oldid192538...

  17. Florida's 20th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Florida's 20th congressional district Florida Power & Light Co. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleFlorida%27s20thcongressionaldistrict&oldid182754...

  18. Ohio's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Ohio's 7th congressional district American Electric Power Co., Inc. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleOhio%27s7thcongressionaldistrict&oldid197003...

  19. Tennessee's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Utility Companies in Tennessee's 3rd congressional district EPB Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTennessee%27s3rdcongressionaldistrict&oldid204321...

  20. Texas's 25th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in Texas's 25th congressional district Texas General Land Office Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTexas%27s25thcongressionaldistrict&oldid204394...

  1. Oregon's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Oregon's 3rd congressional district Pacific Northwest Generating Coop Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleOregon%27s3rdcongressionaldistrict&oldid197282...

  2. Washington's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district Avista Corp City of Cheney, Washington (Utility Company) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWashington%27s5thcongressionaldistrict&oldid189780...

  3. Maine's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in Maine's 1st congressional district Central Maine Power Co Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMaine%27s1stcongressionaldistrict&oldid192967...

  4. Louisiana's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Louisiana's 1st congressional district Entergy New Orleans Inc Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLouisiana%27s1stcongressionaldistrict&oldid192537...

  5. Washington's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Washington's 1st congressional district Snohomish County PUD No 1 Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWashington%27s1stcongressionaldistrict&oldid189772...

  6. Tennessee's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Tennessee's 2nd congressional district Knoxville Utilities Board Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTennessee%27s2ndcongressionaldistrict&oldid204320...

  7. Florida's 18th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Florida's 18th congressional district Biodiesel of South Florida LLC Biofuels Digest Cambridge Project Development Car Charging Group Inc Caribbean Energy Resources Corp ClimeCo...

  8. Florida's 17th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Florida's 17th congressional district Biodiesel of South Florida LLC Biofuels Digest Cambridge Project Development Caribbean Energy Resources Corp ClimeCo Corporation Electron...

  9. Florida's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Florida's 21st congressional district Biodiesel of South Florida LLC Biofuels Digest Cambridge Project Development Caribbean Energy Resources Corp ClimeCo Corporation Electron...

  10. Texas's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Texas's 1st congressional district Eisenbach Consulting NM Invest Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTexas%27s1stcongressionaldis...

  11. Illinois' 16th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in Illinois' 16th congressional district Blackhawk Biofuels LLC First Capitol Risk Management LLC Illinois River Energy LLC Invensys Building System Retrieved from...

  12. Central Lincoln People's Utility District- Renewable Energy Incentive Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Central Lincoln People's Utility District provides financial incentives for its commercial and residential customers to install photovoltaic (PV), solar water heating, wind, and hydro electric...

  13. Central Lincoln People's Utility District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Central Lincoln People's Municipal Utility District (CLPUD) offers a variety of energy efficiency programs for residential customers to save energy in eligible homes. Rebates are available for...

  14. South Dakota's At-large congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    At-large congressional district Black Hills Corporation Broin Associates Broin Enterprises Capitaline Advisors LLC Dakota Ethanol Deadwood Biofuels LLC Kramer Energy Group...

  15. New York's 26th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in New York's 26th congressional district Chemical Design Inc CDI Energy Enterprises Inc Innovative Energy Systems Western NY Energy LLC Western New York Energy LLC...

  16. New Jersey's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district Advanced Solar Products Alternity Power Climax Global Energy Conti Enterprises Inc DEK International MAK Technologies Quest Environmental Engineering Services Inc...

  17. Illinois' 10th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    10th congressional district Dewcon Instruments Inc Diversified Ethanol Future Energy Enterprises Gas Technology Institute (Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit) Greenview...

  18. Tennessee's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Tennessee's 5th congressional district Agri Energy Inc Nashville Electric Service NES Universal Lighting Technologies Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTenness...

  19. South Carolina's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in South Carolina's 3rd congressional district Aiken Electric Cooperative Inc Verde Biofuels Inc Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSouthCarolina%27s...

  20. EERE Success Story-Making the Grade: Washington School District...

    Energy Savers

    buildings in an effort to reduce energy usage 20% by 2020. Now, the district has ... in equipment, lighting, and control systems, and making necessary building improvements. ...

  1. District of Columbia Total Electric Power Industry Net Generation...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    District of Columbia" "Energy Source",2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Fossil",81,75,72,35,200 " Coal","-","-","-","-","-" " Petroleum",81,75,72,35,200 " Natural Gas","-","-","-","-","-" ...

  2. District of Columbia Total Electric Power Industry Net Summer...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    District of Columbia" "Energy Source",2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Fossil",806,806,790,790,790 " Coal","-","-","-","-","-" " Petroleum",806,806,790,790,790 " Natural ...

  3. Maryland's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district Clean Currents National Interest Security Company NISC Formerly Technology Management Services TMS Inc Standard Solar Standard Solar Inc Retrieved from...

  4. Virginia's 10th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Virginia's 10th congressional district Catch the Wind Ltd GreenBrilliance Renaissance Lighting Inc Virginia Center for Innovative Technology CIT Utility Companies in...

  5. Maryland's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Maryland's 5th congressional district University Park Community Solar LLC Zymetis Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMaryland%27s5...

  6. South Carolina's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Carolina. Registered Energy Companies in South Carolina's 4th congressional district Sky Energy Inc Verde Biofuels Inc Waste2Energy Holdings Retrieved from "http:...

  7. New York's 27th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Association Registered Energy Companies in New York's 27th congressional district Blue Sky Optimum Energy Conserval Systems Inc. ENrG Inc Electrosynthesis Company Inc Energy...

  8. New York's 28th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Association Registered Energy Companies in New York's 28th congressional district Blue Sky Optimum Energy Canrom Photovoltaics Inc Cerion Energy Inc Connected Energy Corp...

  9. Montana's At-large congressional district: Energy Resources ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Research Institutions in Montana's At-large congressional district Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Registered Energy Companies in Montana's At-large...

  10. Ohio's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Institute Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 3rd congressional district Edison Material Technology Center EMTEC JatroDiesel Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corp...

  11. Ohio's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    RBI Solar Inc SEMCO THOR Turner Hunt Ocean Renewable LLC The Utilities Group Inc Vision Energy Energy Generation Facilities in Ohio's 1st congressional district Melink Solar...

  12. Ohio's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    LLC The Utilities Group Inc Ultimate Best Buy LLC Vinyl Kraft Windows and Doors Vision Energy Energy Generation Facilities in Ohio's 2nd congressional district Melink Solar...

  13. Ohio's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 5th congressional district American Ag Fuels LLC Bio Gas Technologies LTd Calyxo USA Solar Fields LLC Edison Solar & Wind Ltd GLASSTECH INC...

  14. Wisconsin's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district Able Energy Co. Biogas Direct LCC Coulee Area Renewable Energy Coulee Region Bio Fuels LLC Dairyland Power Cooperative INOV8 International Inc Polymer Technology Corp...

  15. Iowa's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Iowa. Registered Energy Companies in Iowa's 1st congressional district Clinton County Bio Energy LLC Natural Solutions Waverly Light and Power Retrieved from "http:...

  16. Nevada's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Nevada's 3rd congressional district Algodyne Ethanol Energy Inc Bio Solutions Manufacturing Inc Innovative Energy Solutions Inc K2 Energy Solutions...

  17. Nevada's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Nevada's 1st congressional district Algodyne Ethanol Energy Inc Bio Solutions Manufacturing Inc Innovative Energy Solutions Inc Li ion Motors Corp formerly...

  18. California's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in California's 6th congressional district A10 Power Akuacom Alternative Energy Inc Bio Energy Systems LLC Bioil Energy Matters LLC Enphase Energy Inc Forecast Energy Geysers...

  19. New Hampshire's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    New Hampshire. Registered Energy Companies in New Hampshire's 1st congressional district Bio Energy US New Hampshire Cate Street Capital Inc Environmental Power Corp Eolian...

  20. Kansas's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district Conestoga Energy Partners LLC ESE Alcohol Gateway Ethanol LLC formerly Wildcat Bio Energy LLC Kansas Ethanol LLC Nesika Energy LLC Orion Ethanol Reeve Agri Energy Inc...

  1. Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts Page 2 Table of Contents ... 6 Chapter 1: Principles of Financing Energy Upgrades for Schools ...

  2. Arizona's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Arizona's 7th congressional district Agenera, LLC Amereco Biofuels Corp Arizona Public Service Company APS Arizona Solar Tech EDGE Energy LLC EGreenIdeas Ecotality North...

  3. Arizona's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Arizona's 4th congressional district Agenera, LLC Amereco Biofuels Corp Arizona Public Service Company APS Arizona Solar Tech EDGE Energy LLC EGreenIdeas Ecotality North...

  4. Arizona's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district Agenera, LLC Alchemix Corporation Amereco Biofuels Corp Arizona Public Service Company APS Arizona Solar Tech EDGE Energy LLC EGreenIdeas Ecotality North...

  5. Arizona's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Arizona's 2nd congressional district Agenera, LLC Amereco Biofuels Corp Arizona Public Service Company APS Arizona Solar Tech EDGE Energy LLC EGreenIdeas Ecotality North...

  6. New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility New...

  7. Certification of Non-Residence in the District of Columbia |...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Non-Residence in the District of Columbia More Documents & Publications Employee In-Processing Forms W4, Federal Withholding Tax Form CX-000155: Categorical Exclusion Determination...

  8. Arizona's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Arizona's 5th congressional district AFV Solutions Inc AZ Biodiesel Advanced Energy Systems Inc AESI also Advanced Energy Inc AeroElektra...

  9. Tennessee's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Laboratory Registered Energy Companies in Tennessee's 4th congressional district Big Biodiesel LLC Dogwood Energy LLC Eco Energy Inc Oak Ridge Micro Energy Inc SIAG Aerisyn...

  10. New York's 25th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in New York. Registered Energy Companies in New York's 25th congressional district Biodiesel Technologies Inc BT Cerion Energy Inc Connected Energy Corp EBidenergy Inc...

  11. California's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Institute Registered Energy Companies in California's 7th congressional district Bay Biodiesel LLC Cogent Energy GeothermEx Inc LC Biofuels OCR Solar Roofing Inc Optimal...

  12. California's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    congressional district Blue Lake Power Colusa Biomass Energy Corporation FAFCO Inc Home Biodiesel Renewable Energy Providers Sierra Nevada Brewing Company Springboard Biodiesel...

  13. Missouri's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in Missouri's 6th congressional district Alternative Energy Sources Inc Golden Triangle Energy Heartland biodiesel LLC Kokam America Missouri Better Bean LLC Show Me Ethanol LLC...

  14. North Carolina's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in North Carolina's 5th congressional district Dorsett s Inc Northwest Wind Developers Pike Electric Corporation Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleNorthCarol...

  15. Arkansas's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Arkansas's 2nd congressional district North American Green Power,LLC Patriot BioFuels Solar Energy Squared, LLC Registered Financial...

  16. Minnesota's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Inc Energy Generation Facilities in Minnesota's 4th congressional district St. Paul Biomass Facility Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMinnesota%27s4...

  17. LBNL: Architecture 2030 District Program and Small Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Silicon Valley City of San Jose - San Jose, CA - Arizona State University - Phoenix, AZ - Emerging 2030 Districts - Ann Arbor, MI; Detroit, MI; San Antonio, TX; Ithaca, ...

  18. District of Columbia Natural Gas Percent Sold to The Commercial...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    by Local Distribution Companies (Percent) District of Columbia Natural Gas Percent Sold to The Commercial Sectors by Local Distribution Companies (Percent) Decade Year-0 ...

  19. District of Columbia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Local Distributor Companies (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) District of Columbia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Sectors by Local Distributor Companies (Dollars per ...

  20. Hawaii's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hawaii. Registered Networking Organizations in Hawaii's 1st congressional district Hawaii Public Utilities Commission Registered Energy Companies in Hawaii's 1st congressional...

  1. Illinois' 17th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Illinois. Registered Energy Companies in Illinois' 17th congressional district Archer Daniels Midland EPower Synergies Inc Illinois Commerce Commission Illinois Institute for...

  2. New York's 22nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in New York's 22nd congressional district Cornell Fuel Cell Institute Distributed Generation Technologies DGT LighthouseSolar (New Paltz) NYSEG Novomer Performance...

  3. District of Columbia | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    District of Columbia NNSA team members move their feet and reduce their footprint Today is Car Free Day, and cities across the globe encourage greener travel by finding ways to get around other than driving alone in a car. Car Free Day brings awareness to the benefits of available travel options like walking, public transit, and cycling. On Car Free Day and every day, NNSA team... Denise Peoples honored for 30 years of service Four sworn in as NNSA's newest members of the Senior Executive

  4. Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): PP-366 Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc.

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential Permit authorizing Twin Rivers Paper Company, Inc. to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border. Record of Categorical Exclusion

  5. Water relations of differentially irrigated cotton exposed to ozone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Temple, P.J.

    1990-01-01

    The field study was conducted to test the hypothesis that plants chronically exposed to O{sub 3} may be more susceptible to drought because O{sub 3} typically inhibits root growth and increases shoot-root ratios in plants. Cotton was grown in open-top chambers on Hanford coarse sandy loam in Riverside, CA. Plants were grown under three irrigation regimes: Optimum water for lint production (OW), suboptimum or moderate drought stress (SO), and severely drought stressed (SS) and were exposed to seasonal 12 h (0800-2000) O{sub 3} centrations of 0.015, 0.074, 0.094, or 0.111/microLL. Leaf xylem pressure potentials Psi(sub 1) and soil water content Theta(sub v) were measured weekly from June to October. Mean seasonal Psi(sub 1) increased from -1.89 MPa to -1.72 MPa in low to high O{sub 3} treatments, averaged across soil water regimes. Ozone had no effect on seasonal water use of cotton, but water use efficiency was significantly reduced by O{sub 3} in OW and SO, but not in SS treatments. Drought-stressed plants extracted proportionally greater amounts of water from deeper in the soil profile than OW cotton, and O{sub 3} had no apparent effect on this redistribution of roots in the soil. Since O{sub 3} had no apparent effect on the ability of drought-stressed cotton to maintain Psi(sub 1) and to increase root growth relative to shoot growth, this suggests that O{sub 3} may have little or no effect on the potential of cotton to adapt to or tolerate drought.

  6. EA-1972: Electric District 2 to Saguaro No. 2 Transmission Line...

    Energy Savers

    2: Electric District 2 to Saguaro No. 2 Transmission Line Rebuild; Pinal County, Arizona EA-1972: Electric District 2 to Saguaro No. 2 Transmission Line Rebuild; Pinal County, ...

  7. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Type, PAD District, and Selected States Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 233 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District,...

  8. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Type, PAD District, and Selected States Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 233 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District,...

  9. Atomic-scale studies on the effect of boundary coherency on stability in twinned Cu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niu, Rongmei; Han, Ke Su, Yi-Feng; Salters, Vincent J.

    2014-01-06

    The stored energy and hardness of nanotwinned (NT) Cu are related to interaction between dislocations and (111)-twin boundaries (TBs) studied at atomic scales by high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscope. Lack of mobile dislocations at coherent TBs (CTBs) provides as-deposited NT Cu a rare combination of stability and hardness. The introduction of numerous incoherent TBs (ITBs) reduces both the stability and hardness. While storing more energy in their ITBs than in the CTBs, deformed NT Cu also exhibits high dislocation density and TB mobility and therefore has increased the driving force for recovery, coarsening, and recrystallization.

  10. Modeling the Effects of Irrigation on Land Surface Fluxes and States over the Conterminous United States: Sensitivity to Input Data and Model Parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leng, Guoyong; Huang, Maoyi; Tang, Qiuhong; Sacks, William J.; Lei, Huimin; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2013-09-16

    Previous studies on irrigation impacts on land surface fluxes/states were mainly conducted as sensitivity experiments, with limited analysis of uncertainties from the input data and model irrigation schemes used. In this study, we calibrated and evaluated the performance of irrigation water use simulated by the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4) against observations from agriculture census. We investigated the impacts of irrigation on land surface fluxes and states over the conterminous United States (CONUS) and explored possible directions of improvement. Specifically, we found large uncertainty in the irrigation area data from two widely used sources and CLM4 tended to produce unrealistically large temporal variations of irrigation demand for applications at the water resources region scale over CONUS. At seasonal to interannual time scales, the effects of irrigation on surface energy partitioning appeared to be large and persistent, and more pronounced in dry than wet years. Even with model calibration to yield overall good agreement with the irrigation amounts from the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), differences between the two irrigation area datasets still dominate the differences in the interannual variability of land surface response to irrigation. Our results suggest that irrigation amount simulated by CLM4 can be improved by (1) calibrating model parameter values to account for regional differences in irrigation demand and (2) accurate representation of the spatial distribution and intensity of irrigated areas.

  11. Low-energy planar magnetic defects in BaFe2As2: Nanotwins, twins, antiphase, and domain boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, Suffian N. [Ames Laboratory; Alam, Aftab [Ames Laboratory; Johnson, Duane D. [Ames Laboratory

    2013-11-27

    In BaFe2As2, structural and magnetic planar defects begin to proliferate below the structural phase transition, affecting descriptions of magnetism and superconductivity. We study, using density-functional theory, the stability and magnetic properties of competing antiphase and domain boundaries, twins and isolated nanotwins (twin nuclei), and spin excitations proposed and/or observed. These nanoscale defects have a very low surface energy (22210 m Jm?2), with twins favorable to the mesoscale. Defects exhibit smaller moments confined near their boundariesmaking a uniform-moment picture inappropriate for long-range magnetic order in real samples. Nanotwins explain features in measured pair distribution functions so should be considered when analyzing scattering data. All these defects can be weakly mobile and/or can have fluctuations that lower assessed ordered moments from longer spatial and/or time averaging and should be considered directly.

  12. Low-energy planar magnetic defects in BaFe2As2: Nanotwins, twins, antiphase, and domain boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, S. N. [Ames Laboratory] [Ames Laboratory; Alam, A. [Ames Laboratory] [Ames Laboratory; Johnson, Duane D. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign] [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

    2013-01-01

    In BaFe2As2, structural and magnetic planar defects begin to proliferate below the structural phase transition, affecting descriptions of magnetism and superconductivity.We study, using density-functional theory, the stability and magnetic properties of competing antiphase and domain boundaries, twins and isolated nanotwins (twin nuclei), and spin excitations proposed and/or observed. These nanoscale defects have a very low surface energy (22 210 m Jm 2), with twins favorable to the mesoscale. Defects exhibit smaller moments confined near their boundaries making a uniform-moment picture inappropriate for long-range magnetic order in real samples. Nanotwins explain features in measured pair distribution functions so should be considered when analyzing scattering data. All these defects can be weakly mobile and/or can have fluctuations that lower

  13. Climate Mitigation Policy Implications for Global Irrigation Water Demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Clarke, Leon E.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan; Wise, Marshall A.

    2013-08-22

    Energy, water and land are scarce resources, critical to humans. Developments in each affect the availability and cost of the others, and consequently human prosperity. Measures to limit greenhouse gas concentrations will inevitably exact dramatic changes on energy and land systems and in turn alter the character, magnitude and geographic distribution of human claims on water resources. We employ the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), an integrated assessment model to explore the interactions of energy, land and water systems in the context of alternative policies to limit climate change to three alternative levels: 2.5 Wm-2 (445 ppm CO2-e), 3.5 Wm-2 (535 ppm CO2-e) and 4.5 Wm-2 (645 ppm CO2-e). We explore the effects of alternative land-use emissions mitigation policy options—one which values terrestrial carbon emissions equally with fossil fuel and industrial emissions, and an alternative which places no penalty on land-use change emissions. We find that increasing populations and economic growth could be anticipated to lead to increased demand for water for agricultural systems (+200%), even in the absence of climate change. In general policies to mitigate climate change will increase agricultural demands for water, regardless of whether or not terrestrial carbon is valued or not. Burgeoning demands for water are driven by the demand for bioenergy in response to emissions mitigation policies. We also find that the policy matters. Increases in the demand for water when terrestrial carbon emissions go un-prices are vastly larger than when terrestrial system carbon emissions are prices at the same rate as fossil fuel and industrial emissions. Our estimates for increased water demands when terrestrial carbon systems go un-priced are larger than earlier studies. We find that the deployment of improved irrigation delivery systems could mitigate some of the increase in water demands, but cannot reverse the increases in water demands when terrestrial carbon

  14. AmeriFlux US-Ne2 Mead - irrigated maize-soybean rotation site

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Suyker, Andy [University of Nebraska - Lincoln

    2016-01-01

    This is the AmeriFlux version of the carbon flux data for the site US-Ne2 Mead - irrigated maize-soybean rotation site. Site Description - The study site is one of three fields (all located within 1.6 km of each other) at the University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center near Mead, Nebraska. This site is irrigated with a center pivot system. Prior to the initiation of the study, the irrigated site had a 10-yr history of maize-soybean rotation under no-till. A tillage operation (disking) was done just prior to the 2001 planting to homogenize the top 0.1 m of soil, incorporate P and K fertilizers, as well as previously accumulated surface residues. Since this tillage operation, the site has been under no-till management.

  15. HIGH PRECISION ABUNDANCES OF THE OLD SOLAR TWIN HIP 102152: INSIGHTS ON Li DEPLETION FROM THE OLDEST SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monroe, TalaWanda R.; Melendez, Jorge; Tucci Maia, Marcelo; Freitas, Fabricio C.; Yong, David; Asplund, Martin; Alves-Brito, Alan; Casagrande, Luca; Bergemann, Maria; Bedell, Megan; Bean, Jacob; Lind, Karin; Castro, Matthieu; Do Nascimento, Jose-Dias; Bazot, Michael

    2013-09-10

    We present the first detailed chemical abundance analysis of the old 8.2 Gyr solar twin, HIP 102152. We derive differential abundances of 21 elements relative to the Sun with precisions as high as 0.004 dex ({approx}<1%), using ultra high-resolution (R = 110,000), high S/N UVES spectra obtained on the 8.2 m Very Large Telescope. Our determined metallicity of HIP 102152 is [Fe/H] = -0.013 {+-} 0.004. The atmospheric parameters of the star were determined to be 54 K cooler than the Sun, 0.09 dex lower in surface gravity, and a microturbulence identical to our derived solar value. Elemental abundance ratios examined versus dust condensation temperature reveal a solar abundance pattern for this star, in contrast to most solar twins. The abundance pattern of HIP 102152 appears to be the most similar to solar of any known solar twin. Abundances of the younger, 2.9 Gyr solar twin, 18 Sco, were also determined from UVES spectra to serve as a comparison for HIP 102152. The solar chemical pattern of HIP 102152 makes it a potential candidate to host terrestrial planets, which is reinforced by the lack of giant planets in its terrestrial planet region. The following non-local thermodynamic equilibrium Li abundances were obtained for HIP 102152, 18 Sco, and the Sun: log {epsilon} (Li) = 0.48 {+-} 0.07, 1.62 {+-} 0.02, and 1.07 {+-} 0.02, respectively. The Li abundance of HIP 102152 is the lowest reported to date for a solar twin, and allows us to consider an emerging, tightly constrained Li-age trend for solar twin stars.

  16. Deep subsurface drip irrigation using coal-bed sodic water: Part I. Water and solute movement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bern, Carleton R.; Breit, George N.; Healy, Richard W.; Zupancic, John W.; Hammack, Richard

    2013-02-01

    Water co-produced with coal-bed methane (CBM) in the semi-arid Powder River Basin of Wyoming and Montana commonly has relatively low salinity and high sodium adsorption ratios that can degrade soil permeability where used for irrigation. Nevertheless, a desire to derive beneficial use from the water and a need to dispose of large volumes of it have motivated the design of a deep subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) system capable of utilizing that water. Drip tubing is buried 92 cm deep and irrigates at a relatively constant rate year-round, while evapotranspiration by the alfalfa and grass crops grown is seasonal. We use field data from two sites and computer simulations of unsaturated flow to understand water and solute movements in the SDI fields. Combined irrigation and precipitation exceed potential evapotranspiration by 300480 mm annually. Initially, excess water contributes to increased storage in the unsaturated zone, and then drainage causes cyclical rises in the water table beneath the fields. Native chloride and nitrate below 200 cm depth are leached by the drainage. Some CBM water moves upward from the drip tubing, drawn by drier conditions above. Chloride from CBM water accumulates there as root uptake removes the water. Year over year accumulations indicated by computer simulations illustrate that infiltration of precipitation water from the surface only partially leaches such accumulations away. Field data show that 7% and 27% of added chloride has accumulated above the drip tubing in an alfalfa and grass field, respectively, following 6 years of irrigation. Maximum chloride concentrations in the alfalfa field are around 45 cm depth but reach the surface in parts of the grass field, illustrating differences driven by crop physiology. Deep SDI offers a means of utilizing marginal quality irrigation waters and managing the accumulation of their associated solutes in the crop rooting zone.

  17. Forest Irrigation Of Tritiated Water: A Proven Tritiated Water Management Tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vangelas, Karen; Blount, Gerald; Kmetz, Thomas; Prater, Phil

    2012-11-08

    Tritium releases from the Old Radioactive Waste Burial Ground (ORWBG) at the SRS in South Carolina has impacted groundwater and surface water. Tritiated groundwater plumes discharge into Fourmile Branch which is a small tributary of the Savannah River, a regional water resource. Taking advantage of the groundwater flow paths and the local topography a water collection and irrigation system was constructed and has been used at the SRS for over a decade to reduce these tritiated water releases to Fourmile Branch. The tritiated water is transferred to the atmosphere by evaporation from the pond surface, and after irrigation, wetted surface evaporation and evapotranspiration through the forest vegetation. Over the last decade SRS has irrigated over 120,000,000 gallons of tritiated water, which diverted over 6000 curies away from Fourmile Branch and the Savannah River. The system has been effective in reducing the flux of tritiated groundwater by approximately 70%. Mass balance studies of tritium in the forest soils before operations and over the last decade indicate that approximately 90% of the tritiated water that is irrigated is transferred to the atmosphere. Dose studies indicate that exposure to site workers and offsite maximally exposed individual is very low, approximately 6 mrem/year and 0.004 mrem/year, respectively. To consistently meet the flux reduction goal of tritium into Fourmile Branch optimization activities are proposed. These efforts will increase irrigation capacity and area. An additional 17 acres are proposed for an expansion of the area to be irrigated and a planting of approximately 40 acres of pine forest plantations is underway to expand irrigation capacity. Co-mingled with the tritiated groundwater are low concentrations of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (cVOCs), and 1,4-dioxane. Research studies and SRS field data indicate the forest irrigation system may have an added benefit of reducing the mass of these co-contaminants via

  18. Accelerator Stewardship Test Facility Program - Elliptical Twin Cavity for Accelerator Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutton, Andrew; Areti, Hari

    2015-08-01

    Funding is being requested pursuant to the proposals entitled Elliptical Twin Cavity for Accelerator Applications that was submitted and reviewed through the Portfolio Analysis and Management System (PAMS). The PAMS proposal identifier number is 0000219731. The proposed new type of superconducting cavity, the Elliptical Twin Cavity, is capable of accelerating or decelerating beams in two separate beam pipes. This configuration is particularly effective for high-current, low energy electron beams that will be used for bunched beam cooling of high-energy protons or ions. Having the accelerated beam physically separated from the decelerated beam, but interacting with the same RF mode, means that the low energy beam from the gun can be injected into to the superconducting cavity without bends enabling a small beam emittance to be maintained. A staff engineer who has been working with non-standard complicated cavity structures replaces the senior engineer (in the original budget) who is moving on to be a project leader. This is reflected in a slightly increased engineer time and in reduced costs. The Indirect costs for FY16 are lower than the previous projection. As a result, there is no scope reduction.

  19. Computer modeling of electromagnetic edge containment in twin-roll casting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, F.C.; Turner, L.R.; Hull, J.R.; Wang, Y.H.; Blazek, K.E.

    1998-07-01

    This paper presents modeling studies of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) analysis in twin-roll casting. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and Inland Steel Company have worked together to develop a 3-D computer model that can predict eddy currents, fluid flows, and liquid metal containment for an electromagnetic (EM) edge containment device. This mathematical model can greatly shorten casting research on the use of EM fields for liquid metal containment and control. It can also optimize the existing casting processes and minimize expensive, time-consuming full-scale testing. The model was verified by comparing predictions with experimental results of liquid-metal containment and fluid flow in EM edge dams designed at Inland Steel for twin-roll casting. Numerical simulation was performed by coupling a three-dimensional (3-D) finite-element EM code (ELEKTRA) and a 3-D finite-difference fluids code (CaPS-EM) to solve Maxwell`s equations, Ohm`s law, Navier-Stokes equations, and transport equations of turbulence flow in a casting process that uses EM fields. ELEKTRA is able to predict the eddy-current distribution and electromagnetic forces in complex geometry. CaPS-EM is capable of modeling fluid flows with free-surfaces and dynamic rollers. The computed 3-D magnetic fields and induced eddy currents in ELEKTRA are used as input to flow-field computations in CaPS-EM. Results of the numerical simulation compared well with measurements obtained from both static and dynamic tests.

  20. Development of a Twin-Screw D-2 Extruder for the ITER Pellet Injection System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meitner, Steven J; Baylor, Larry R; Carbajo, Juan J; Combs, Stephen Kirk; Fehling, Dan T; Foust, Charles R; McFee, Marshall T; McGill, James M; Rasmussen, David A; Sitterson, R G; Sparks, Dennis O; Qualls, A L

    2009-07-01

    A twin-screw extruder for the ITER pellet injection system is under development at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The extruder will provide a stream of solid hydrogen isotopes to a secondary section, where pellets are cut and accelerated with single-stage gas gun into the plasma. A one-fifth ITER scale prototype extruder has been built to produce a continuous solid deuterium extrusion. Deuterium gas is precooled and liquefied before being introduced into the extruder. The precooler consists of a copper vessel containing liquid nitrogen surrounded by a deuterium gas filled copper coil. The liquefier is comprised of a copper cylinder connected to a Cryomech AL330 cryocooler, which is surrounded by a copper coil that the precooled deuterium flows through. The lower extruder barrel is connected to a Cryomech GB-37 cryocooler to solidify the deuterium (at approximate to 15 K) before it is forced through the extruder nozzle. A viewport located below the extruder nozzle provides a direct view of the extrusion. A camera is used to document the extrusion quality and duration. A data acquisition system records the extruder temperatures, torque, and speed, upstream, and downstream pressures. This paper will describe the prototype twin-screw extruder and initial extrusion results.