National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for incredible journey

  1. The Incredible Shrinking Particle Accelerator

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The Incredible Shrinking Particle Accelerator The Incredible Shrinking Particle Accelerator New Computer Modeling/Data Analysis/Visualization Toolkit Speeds Simulations, Design October 5, 2016 Contact: Kathy Kincade, kkincade@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2124 Particle accelerators are on the verge of transformational breakthroughs-and advances in computing power and techniques are a big part of the reason. Long valued for their role in scientific discovery and in medical and industrial applications such

  2. The FY 2007 Budget Request - On the Threshold of Incredible Advances

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    7 Budget Request On the Threshold of Incredible Advances Douglas L. Faulkner Acting Assistant Secretary Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy February 2006 2 President's State of the Union Address Keeping America competitive requires affordable energy. And here we have a serious problem: America is addicted to oil, which is often imported from unstable parts of the world. The best way to break this addiction is through technology.... and we are on the threshold of incredible

  3. The FY 2007 Budget Request - On the Threshold of Incredible Advances |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 7 Budget Request - On the Threshold of Incredible Advances The FY 2007 Budget Request - On the Threshold of Incredible Advances DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's fiscal year 2007 budget presentation. FY07_budget_request.pdf (598.17 KB) More Documents & Publications The FY 2008 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security FY 2010 Budget Roll-Out Presentation The FY 2006 Budget Request

  4. Annette's Journey | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Annette's Journey Annette's Journey September 21, 2011 - 9:57am Addthis Annette Herrera shares her personal journey to becoming a Production Technician with A123 Systems in Romulus, Michigan. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Like too many Americans, when the recession hit Annette Herrera found herself without a job. For two and a half years she worked the phones and culled the classifieds, searching for an opportunity to work and earn a paycheck.

  5. The Magnificent Journey.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1995-01-01

    The annual run of Northwest salmon--from the vast Pacific Ocean to the mountain streams where their lives began--is one of Nature`s most awe-inspiring events. Now that modern science has discovered some of the salmon`s secrets, their journey seems even more miraculous. So unlikely is the survival of a single returning salmon that Nature compensates heavily. Of the other 3,000 to 7,000 eggs in a nest, only one spawning pair, on average, will make it back. Too much or too little water at hatching can wipe out great swarms of young fish life. Bigger fish, bears, seals--all take their share of salmon. Nature allows for these natural events. But Nature alone cannot make up for what people have done. Dams in the Columbia River Basin have blocked huge areas of the wild salmon`s spawning grounds. Roads and towns sprouted up along rivers and streams. Logging and farming practices fouled rivers and creeks. So did pollution from the cities. And it became too easy to catch fish. Salmon runs became smaller and smaller. Some types of salmon disappeared forever. Having nearly destroyed the salmon, people are now coming to their rescue. Still, important runs of Northwest native salmon are in real danger of extinction. Much remains to be done. This brochure presents a close look at the life of a wild salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawystcha.

  6. Low Carbon London - A Learning Journey (Smart Grid Project) ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    - A Learning Journey (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Low Carbon London - A Learning Journey Country United Kingdom Headquarters Location London,...

  7. Lab scientists track Santa's magical journey

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Santa's magical journey Lab scientists track Santa's magical journey Los Alamos trackers will use state-of-the-art technology to mark the course taken by Old St. Nick and his reindeer. December 20, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory

  8. Roadmap: EM Journey to Excellence | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Roadmap: EM Journey to Excellence Roadmap: EM Journey to Excellence This report described EM's priority goals, including footprint reduction, development of modeling and simulation tools, introduced novel methods for liquid waste processing, and provided other initiatives to move the EM cleanup mission forward. Roadmap: EM Journey to Excellence (1.08 MB) More Documents & Publications Office of Environmental Management: A Journey to Excellence Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.1330_Rimando 110316

  9. Office of Environmental Management: A Journey to Excellence | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Environmental Management: A Journey to Excellence Office of Environmental Management: A Journey to Excellence Office of Environmental Management: A Journey to Excellence (5.44 MB) More Documents & Publications Assistant Secretary Triay's FY 2012 EM Budget Rollout Presentation Chairs Meeting - June 2011 2012 Congressional Nuclear Cleanup Caucus Briefings

  10. Sandia National Laboratories: A combat veteran's journey

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    LOOKOUT - Neil Altomare scans the countryside near Sangin, looking for a safe route back to the patrol base. LOOKOUT - Neil Altomare scans the countryside near Sangin in Afghanistan, looking for a safe route back to the patrol base. Facebook Twitter YouTube Flickr RSS News A combat veteran's journey By Lindsey Kibler Photography By Randy Montoya Thursday, November 10, 2016 From Albuquerque to Afghanistan and back again Neil Altomare finds niche in explosives group that helped developed

  11. Government Buildings CHARTING YOUR JOURNEY REACHING MILESTONES

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ROADMAP to Sustainable Government Buildings CHARTING YOUR JOURNEY REACHING MILESTONES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES ON THE HORIZON LEED TRAINING SUSTAINABILITY GOALS PRE-PROJECT PLANNING ROADMAP INTRODUCTION EXISTING BUILDINGS NEW CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION GREEN BUILDING PROGRAM ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The Roadmap to Sustainable Government Buildings was created through the joint efforts of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) and the National Association of State Facilities Administrators (NASFA).

  12. Journey to Excellence Goal 2 and Enhanced Tank Waste Strategy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Strategy Shirley J. Olinger Associate Principal Deputy for Corporate Operations Office of Environmental Management U.S. Department of Energy Agenda * Journey to Excellence - Goal 2...

  13. Hanfords Contamination Expected to Grow From Unacceptable Levels Today to Incredibly Unacceptable Levels in One Hundred Years and Over Thousands of Years

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Contamination Expected to Grow From Unacceptable Levels Today to Incredibly Unacceptable Levels in One Hundred Years and Thousands of Years... 10x Worse if USDOE uses Hanford as a National Radioactive Waste Dump Source: USDOE's Own TCWMEIS (Tank Closure Waste Management Draft EIS) Presented by Heart of America Northwest 2010 TCWMEIS - Tank Closure Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement * TCWMEIS was required due to legal and scientific errors in the 2004 Hanford Site Solid Waste EIS,

  14. The Journey to Commercializing Cellulosic Biofuels in the United States |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy The Journey to Commercializing Cellulosic Biofuels in the United States The Journey to Commercializing Cellulosic Biofuels in the United States October 17, 2014 - 1:28pm Addthis Secretary Moniz (center) tours the Abengoa Biorefinery in Hugoton, Kansas.| Photo Courtesy of Abengoa. Secretary Moniz (center) tours the Abengoa Biorefinery in Hugoton, Kansas.| Photo Courtesy of Abengoa. David Danielson Former Assistant Secretary for the Office of Energy Efficiency and

  15. Beyond the Resume: Personal Journeys of Female LANL Engineers and

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Technologists August » Panel Discussion: Beyond the Resume Beyond the Resume: Personal Journeys of Female LANL Engineers and Technologists WHEN: Aug 03, 2016 11:30 AM - 12:15 PM WHERE: UNM-LA Student Center CONTACT: Heidi Hahn 505 665-4606 CATEGORY: Community INTERNAL: Calendar Login Event Description Hear career advice and personal journeys through professional challenges, career turning points, leadership contributions and more from female LANL engineers and technologists from both

  16. DuPont's Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DuPont's Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise DuPont's Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise Plenary I: Progress in Advanced ...

  17. Remembering the long day's journey to a historic machine's Christmas

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Eve first plasma | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Remembering the long day's journey to a historic machine's Christmas Eve first plasma By John Greenwald December 21, 2012 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The big moment arrives: The successful first plasma brought cheers to the command center. (Photo by Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) The big moment arrives: The successful first plasma brought cheers to the command center. 'Twas the night before Christmas and all through the

  18. To Pluto and Beyond: Powering New Horizons' 3-Billion-Mile Journey |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy To Pluto and Beyond: Powering New Horizons' 3-Billion-Mile Journey To Pluto and Beyond: Powering New Horizons' 3-Billion-Mile Journey July 15, 2015 - 11:23am Addthis This image of Pluto, taken by New Horizons after a 9 1/2-year journey, is our highest-resolution photo of the dwarf planet since its discovery by Clyde Tombaugh in 1930. | Photo courtesy of NASA. This image of Pluto, taken by New Horizons after a 9 1/2-year journey, is our highest-resolution photo of the

  19. Journey to the Nevada Test Site Radioactive Waste Management Complex

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Journey to the Nevada Test Site Radioactive Waste Management Complex begins with a global to regional perspective regarding the location of low-level and mixed low-level waste disposal at the Nevada Test Site. For decades, the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) has served as a vital disposal resource in the nation-wide cleanup of former nuclear research and testing facilities. State-of-the-art waste management sites at the NNSS offer a safe, permanent disposal option for U.S. Department of Energy/U.S. Department of Defense facilities generating cleanup-related radioactive waste.

  20. UNFINISHED JOURNEY Project. Quarterly report, July 1995--September 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    In September, 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy (Nevada Operations Office) made a $199,708 grant (through the Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education Program), to the UNFINISHED JOURNEY Project. The Project began in April, 1994, to develop and implement an innovative model of student outreach by San Jose State University (SJSU) to underserved, underrepresented student populations of the East Side Union High School District (ESUHSD). The Project was formed by a consortium involving SJSU, ESUHSD, some 20 private sector organizations (foundations/corporations), numerous local community/professional organizations, and approximately 100 private funders. This proposal to the U.S. Department of Energy was to have the Department join this unique partnership to focus University outreach to underserved student populations to pursue careers in mathematics, science, and technology.

  1. UNFINISHED JOURNEY Project. Quarterly report, April 1995--June 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    In September, 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy (Nevada Operations Office) made a $199,708 grant (through the Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education Program), to the UNFINISHED JOURNEY Project. The Project began in April, 1994 to develop and implement an innovative model of student outreach by San Jose State University (SJSU) to underserved, underrepresented student populations of the East Side Union High School District (ESUHSD). The Project was formed by a consortium involving SJSU, ESUHSD, some 20 private sector organizations (foundations/corporations), numerous local community/professional organizations, and approximately 100 private funders. This proposal to the U.S. Department of Energy was to have the Department join this unique partnership to focus University outreach to underserved student populations to pursue careers in mathematics, science, and technology.

  2. The atomic level journey from aqueous polyoxometalate to metal oxide

    SciTech Connect

    Hou, Yu; Fast, Dylan B.; Ruther, Rose E.; Amador, Jenn M.; Fullmer, Lauren B.; Decker, Shawn R.; Zakharov, Lev N.; Dolgos, Michelle R. Nyman, May

    2015-01-15

    Aqueous precursors tailored for the deposition of thin film materials are desirable for sustainable, simple, low energy production of advanced materials. Yet the simple practice of using aqueous precursors is complicated by the multitude of interactions that occur between ions and water during dehydration. Here we use lithium polyoxoniobate salts to investigate the fundamental interactions in the transition from precursor cluster to oxide film. Small-angle X-ray scattering of solutions, total X-ray scattering of intermediate gels, and morphological and structural characterization of the lithium niobate thin films reveal the atomic level transitions between these states. The studies show that (1) lithium–[H{sub 2}Nb{sub 6}O{sub 19}]{sup 6−} has drastically different solution behaviour than lithium–[Nb{sub 6}O{sub 19}]{sup 8−}, linked to the precursor salt structure (2) in both compositions, the intermediate gel preserves the polyoxoniobate clusters and show similar local order and (3) the morphology and phases of deposited films reflect the ions behaviour throughout the journey from cluster solution to metal oxide. - Graphical abstract: Aqueous lithium polyoxoniobate salts were used to prepare lithium niobate (LiNbO{sub 3}) thin films. Fundamental studies were performed to investigate the interactions in the transition from precursor cluster to the oxide film. It was found that acid–base and ion-association chemistries of the aqueous and gel systems significantly affect the key processes in this atom-level journey. - Highlights: • Lithium polyoxoniobate clusters were synthesized with control over Li:Nb ratio as precursors for LiNbO{sub 3} films. • X-ray scattering studies in solution and the solid-state revealed differences controlled by Li:Nb ratio. • Film deposition studies revealed phase, composition and morphology is controlled by Li:Nb ratio. • Cluster to film transformation was revealed using total X-ray scattering and TGA.

  3. DuPont’s Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Plenary I: Progress in Advanced Biofuels DuPont’s Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise William Provine, Director–Science and Technology External Affairs, DuPont

  4. COLLOQUIUM: NIF An Unexpected Journey or Lessons Learned to Secure Projects

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Scale | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab January 7, 2015, 4:00pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: NIF An Unexpected Journey or Lessons Learned to Secure Projects of Scale Dr. Edward Michael Campbell Sandia National Laboratory Developing the mission, science, technology and support for projects of scale is a demanding and multifaceted enterprise. There are many lessons to be learned from the National Ignition Facility (NIF) experience that can be applied in the quest to secure

  5. UNFINISHED JOURNEY Project. Final report, September 30, 1994--September 29, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    In late 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy (Nevada Operations Office) made a $199,708 grant (through the Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education Program), to the UNFINISHED JOURNEY Project. The Project began in April, 1994, to develop and implement an innovative model of student outreach by San Jose State University (SJSU) to underserved, underrepresented student populations of the East Side Union High School District (ESUHSD). The Project was formed by a consortium involving SJSU, ESUHSD, some 20 private sector organizations (foundations/corporations), numerous local community/professional organizations, and approximately 100 private funders. This proposal to the U.S. Department of Energy was to have the Department join this unique partnership to focus University outreach to underserved student populations to pursue careers in mathematics, science, and technology.

  6. Los Alamos scientists monitor Santa's magical journey

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    began in 1955 when a Sears, Roebuck ad included a misprinted phone number for Santa. ... They can call upon a satellite-tracking dish, located in Los Alamos, and use sensors on ...

  7. The CMS Journey to LHC Physics

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    An overview of the design, the construction and physics of CMS will be given. A history of construction, encompassing the R&D; and challenges faced over the last decade and a half, will be recalled using selected examples. CMS is currently in the final stages of installation and commissioning is gathering pace. After a short status report of where CMS stands today some of the expected (great) physics to come will be outlined. * Tea & coffee will be served at 16:00.

  8. Journey of the Oncorhynchus.pmd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    stones in the shallow water of a cold, clear stream at the foot of Mt. Hood. A nest of fish eggs is called a redd. Cool water gently washes over the eggs in the redd. If you look...

  9. Target Chamber

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    target chamber Target Chamber The "Grand Central Station" of the National Ignition Facility is the target bay, which houses the final optics assemblies, diagnostics, and the target chamber. Pulses from NIF's 192 high-powered lasers, in a journey that originates more than 100 meters away in the master oscillator room, race towards the target bay with incredible precision. When they arrive at the center of the target chamber, they deposit up to 500 trillion watts of power for 20

  10. Circuitous journey brings Strasburg full circle | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Strasburg has been conducting security-related research. His research interests include artificial intelligence approaches, automation in a variety of computer languages, network...

  11. A Journey From Sandia To Los Alamos - 12465

    SciTech Connect

    Goyal, K.K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States); Humphrey, B.J.; Krause, T.J. [Weston Solutions, Inc. (United States); Gluth, J.W. [Raytheon Ktech at Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Kiefer, M.L.; Haynes, S. [Sandia National Laboratories (United States)

    2012-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) relies on laboratory experiments and computer-based models to verify the reliability of the nation's nuclear stockpile. Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) tests various materials in extreme environments designed to mimic those of nuclear explosions using the Z machine. The Z machine is a key tool in the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) stockpile stewardship mission and is used to study the dynamic properties of nuclear weapon materials. In 2006, SNL/NM and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) defining experiments to be conducted in the Z machine involving plutonium (Pu) provided by LANL. Five Pu experiments have been completed with as many as 20 more planned through 2016. The experimental containment vessel used for the experiment and containing the Pu residues, becomes transuranic (TRU) waste after the experiment and termination of safeguards and is considered a LANL waste stream. Each containment vessel is placed in a 55-gallon Type A drum or standard waste box (SWB) for shipment back to LANL for final certification and eventual disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The experimental containment vessels are greater than 99% metallic materials (ferrous and non-ferrous metals). In addition to the Pu targets, detonators with high explosives (HE) are used in the experiments to isolate the containment vessel from the Z machine as energy is delivered to the Pu samples. The characterization requirements, transportation issues, required documentation, and the approvals needed before shipments were challenging and required close coordination between SNL/NM, Sandia Site Office, LANL, Los Alamos Site Office, Washington TRU Solutions, Inc., the Central Characterization Project, and the Carlsbad Field Office. Between 2006 and 2010, representatives from SNL/NM and LANL worked to develop an approved path forward to meet the requirements of all stakeholders. This project clearly demonstrates successful cooperation between LANL and SNL/NM, and support from the LASO, SSO, CBFO, WTS, and CCP. Key elements were communication and documented plans with responsible parties and due dates. Now that the first successful shipment has been accomplished, it is believed that future shipments will become a more routine activity. (authors)

  12. Remembering the long day's journey to a historic machine's Christmas...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The day-and-night-long effort produced a stopped clock, a critical machine part tied ... An unplugged command-post clock As time dragged on, PPPL Director Harold Furth decided to ...

  13. Office of Environmental Management: A Journey to Excellence

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Goal 6: Improve contract and project management with the objective of delivering results ... LLWMLLW Disposal Forecast Trends (millions of cubic feet) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 ...

  14. Harbec: A Fifteen Year Journey to the Beginning | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    More Documents & Publications HARBEC, Inc. Case Study for Superior Energy Performance SEP CASE STUDY WEBINAR: HARBEC SLIDES Harbec Plastics: 750kW CHP Application - Project Profile

  15. COLLOQUIUM: NIF An Unexpected Journey or Lessons Learned to Secure...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr. Edward Michael Campbell Sandia National Laboratory Developing the mission, science, ... Wednesday Colloquium, January 7, 2015, Dr. E.W. Campbell, "NIF...An Enexpected Joutney or ...

  16. MHK Projects/Great River Journey | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesEnCurrent Turbine Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys << Return to the MHK database...

  17. Harbec: A Fifteen Year Journey to the Beginning

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Year Pursuit of Sustainable Manufacturing Energy Summit 2014 Niagara Falls, On. HARBEC, Inc. HARBEC Energy Management Strategy  Combined Heat and Power (CHP)= reduced energy co$t through efficiency (by using the other 65% to 75%)  Renewable on sight generation = fixed energy co$t for 25 years (no constantly escalating fuel cost)  Green power from utility = free energy storage, low co$t energy insurance, co$t effective renewable energy credits Why Bother? Energy in our type of

  18. From Nepal to JLab â€" One Scientist's Journey (Daily Press) |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Work | Department of Energy From Mind to Marketplace: SunShot Incubator's Latest Protégés Get to Work From Mind to Marketplace: SunShot Incubator's Latest Protégés Get to Work October 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis Workers from Clean Power Research review a software platform that aims to lower the costs associated with connecting distributed solar electricity generation to the grid. The platform is one of several projects funded through the Energy Department’s SunShot Incubator Program,

  19. TAP Webinar: Benchmarking Data Cleansing: A Rite of Passage Along the Benchmarking Journey

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar will train analysts, energy planners and community officials on the principles used for identifying potential problems associated with benchmarking data, and a methodology for cleaning the data prior to analysis. This training session is intended for cities, communities, schools, and states that have implemented an internal or community-wide building benchmarking program and are working to better understand energy use trends and design targeted and effective energy efficiency programs.

  20. The journey from there to here: The Eco-Odessey of a CEO

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, R.C.

    1995-12-31

    This paper discusses the philosophy and practical aspects of the Evirosense Consortium task force - focusing on industrial acceptance and actions in supporting global sustainability using existing and new technologies.

  1. Driving to Great: Science and the Journey to Waste-Free Biodiesel...

    Office of Science (SC)

    the sweet spot - quickly and efficiently turning glycerol into a valuable commodity. Scientists funded by the U.S. Department of Energy are now finding new paths to that sweet spot ...

  2. An Exciting Journey to Build the Tier 4 Locomotive | GE Global...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Center in Niskayuna that the NOx targets were realizable with the use of exhaust gas recirculation in conjunction with the optimization of other combustion parameters. ...

  3. Facility for Rare Isotope Beams: The Journey Has Begun on DOE...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... rare that they can't be found naturally on earth. Instead, they're created in extreme conditions such as the centers of exploding supernovae. These isotopes decay into the elements ...

  4. Journey of the Oncorhynchus: A Story of the Pacific Northwest Salmon.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1994-06-01

    This report tells the story of the Pacific Northwest salmon in words that children can understand. The life cycle of chinook salmon is depicted through pictures and elementary language from the egg to juvenile fish in fresh water, to maturing fish in the ocean, and the adults migrating back up to spawning grounds in the Columbia River. This can be very useful in the education of children.

  5. To Pluto and Beyond: Powering New Horizons' 3-Billion-Mile Journey...

    Energy Saver

    Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. The plutonium-238 itself came from the Savannah River Site in South Carolina, which produced nuclear fuel for NASA's space missions for...

  6. DuPont's Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... All rights reserved 5 AG & NUTRITION INDUSTRIAL BIOSCIENCES ADVANCED ... All rights reserved DuPont Feedstock Collection Program: Contracting with more than 500 local farmers to ...

  7. Hydromania II: Journey of the Oncorhynchus. Summer Science Camp Curriculum 1994.

    SciTech Connect

    Moura, Joan; Swerin, Rod

    1995-01-01

    The Hydromania II curriculum was written for the third in a series of summer science camp experiences targeting students in grades 4--6 who generally have difficulty accessing supplementary academic programs. The summer science camp in Portland is a collaborative effort between Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), the US Department of Energy (DOE), and the Portland Parks and Recreation Community Schools Program along with various other cooperating businesses and organizations. The curriculum has also been incorporated into other summer programs and has been used by teachers to supplement classroom activities. Camps are designed to make available, affordable learning experiences that are fun and motivating to students for the study of science and math. Inner-city, under-represented minorities, rural, and low-income families are particularly encouraged to enroll their children in the program.

  8. The Faces of Energy: Richard Kauffman's Journey From The Oil Crisis to Clean Tech

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    One of the country's leading experts on private sector investment in clean energy, Richard Kauffman is joining the Energy Department as a Senior Advisor. It's also his first in the public sector – a fact that humbles Kauffman: “For me this is my opportunity to serve. My hope is that I will bring capabilities and experience that are complementary to the great talent that is already here.”

  9. Facility for Rare Isotope Beams: The Journey Has Begun on DOE's latest Scientific User Facility

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    After many years of planning, ground was officially broken on the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) in a ceremony held at the construction site on Michigan State University’s campus.

  10. DOE TAP Webinar: Benchmarking Data Cleansing: A Rite of Passage Along the Benchmarking Journey

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    A growing number of local governments and states are collecting building benchmarking data from thousands of public and private building owners. Data cleansing is a critical step prior to analysis...

  11. ARM - Blog Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    It has been an incredible ride, and it has succeeded beyond my wildest expectations. We've been incredibly fortunate in many ways. However, MAGIC is by no means over. There...

  12. Energetic Science and Piranha-Proof Armor

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Learn how Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source is revealing the unique structure of incredible, adaptable fish armor.

  13. The AmAzing Journey of Columbia River Salmon B O N N E V I L

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 WAiTing To hATch 1 reneWing The cycLe 10 reTurn ing To spAWning grounds 9 cLimbing fish LAdders 8 sWimming upsTreAm 7 Living in The oceAn 6 yolk sac redd alevin 3 Five...

  14. Benchmarking Data Cleansing: A Rite of Passage Along the Benchmarking...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Data Cleansing: A Rite of Passage Along the Benchmarking Journey Benchmarking Data Cleansing: A Rite of Passage Along the Benchmarking Journey Hosted by the Technical Assistance ...

  15. Solar Decathlon: How far did they travel? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Decathlon Journeys Visualizing the distances that each Solar Decathlon house travelled Click competitors to toggle their journeys on and off. All routes and distances are...

  16. From Deterministic Inversion to Uncertainty Quantification: Planning...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Planning a Long Journey in Ice Sheet Modeling. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: From Deterministic Inversion to Uncertainty Quantification: Planning a Long Journey in ...

  17. An Azimuthal, Fourier Moment-Based Axial SN Solver for the 2D...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... workhorse in the design and simulation of nuclear reactors. ... Despite the incredible advances in computing power, using ... higher fidelity than has been the norm in reactor analysis. ...

  18. Salazar, Chu Announce Next Step in Nation's March toward Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    planning will help us site solar projects in the right ... "Our country has incredible renewable resources, innovative ... Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. ...

  19. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Incredible Laser Interferometers by Kathy Chambers on Fri, August 12, 2016 ligo300.jpg Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) in Livingston, LA. Image credit: ...

  20. Dianne Xiao | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BA in Chemistry, Harvard University EFRC Research Metal-organic frameworks possess incredible ... donating properties, and overall framework architectures, we hope to design new ...

  1. Fermilab Today

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    It would be absolutely incredible." Black holes are sometimes born when a massive star, ... sometimes, the supernova fails, and there's no explosion; instead, a black hole is born. ...

  2. Women @ Energy: Esther E. Bowen | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    a career helping to protect the world's natural resources and to improve global sustainability, and I realized that science and math are incredibly powerful tools for making...

  3. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    anchoring the base of the food chain. Incredibly diverse and abundant around the globe, algae photosynthesize about half the oxygen we - 2 - breathe. They just need a watery...

  4. FY 2010 NNSA DVAAP Report - November 17, 2010 ...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Gen. Garrett Harencak, NNSA's Principal Assistant Deputy Administrator for Military Application. This program will continue to provide an incredible opportunity for Academy and ...

  5. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    They can be mixed, formed, spread, sprayed or fabricated into slabs, pellets, or most any shape desirable. Because aerogels have these incredible characteristics, they are ...

  6. NETL Shares Computing Speed, Efficiency to Tackle Energy Technology...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    "The new supercomputer at NETL's Simulation-Based Engineering User Center is an incredibly energy-efficient modeling tool that can cost-effectively run fluid dynamics simulations, ...

  7. Quadrennial Energy Review Bismarck, ND

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Projects take an incredible amount of engineeringplanning b. Traditional long-term planning is not our luxury c. Labor supply is extremely tight 3. Landowner easement fatigue a. ...

  8. Successful Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Project Could...

    Energy Saver

    incredible implications for reducing CO2 emissions and increasing America's oil production. ... a best practices manual to serve as a world-class industrial reference in the design ...

  9. Geek-Up[09.24.10] -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance...

    Energy Saver

    and the ChemCam's Journey to Mars Geek-Up09.24.10 -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance to Antibiotics and the ChemCam's Journey to Mars September 24, 2010 - 5:19pm ...

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - Final Presentation - Olinger.EMAB Presentation Goals 1 and 2 sjo (4)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Journey to Excellence Goal 1 and 2 Tank Waste and Lifecycle Costs Shirley J. Olinger Shirley J. Olinger Associate Principal Deputy for Associate Principal Deputy for Corporate Operations Corporate Operations Office of Environmental Management Office of Environmental Management U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Agenda Agenda Journey to Excellence Journey to Excellence - - Goal 1: Status Three Major Goal 1: Status Three Major Tank Waste Projects Tank Waste Projects Journey to

  11. Energy Profile: Anette Herrera of A123 Systems

    ScienceCinema

    Herrera, Anette

    2013-05-29

    Annette Herrera shares her personal journey to becoming a Production Tech with A123 Systems in Romulus, Michigan.

  12. OSTIblog Articles in the pancreatic cancer Topic | OSTI, US Dept...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    test to check for pancreatic cancer which has been shown to be incredibly effective (400 times more sensitive than previous tests), 90% accurate and extremely cheap (0.03 per test...

  13. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    test to check for pancreatic cancer which has been shown to be incredibly effective (400 times more sensitive than previous tests), 90% accurate and extremely cheap (0.03 per test...

  14. OSTIblog Articles in the antibodies Topic | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    test to check for pancreatic cancer which has been shown to be incredibly effective (400 times more sensitive than previous tests), 90% accurate and extremely cheap (0.03 per test...

  15. OSTIblog Articles in the cancer Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    test to check for pancreatic cancer which has been shown to be incredibly effective (400 times more sensitive than previous tests), 90% accurate and extremely cheap (0.03 per test...

  16. OSTIblog Articles in the high school Topic | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    test to check for pancreatic cancer which has been shown to be incredibly effective (400 times more sensitive than previous tests), 90% accurate and extremely cheap (0.03 per test...

  17. OSTIblog Articles in the scientists Topic | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... test to check for pancreatic cancer which has been shown to be incredibly effective (400 times more sensitive than previous tests), 90% accurate and extremely cheap (0.03 per test...

  18. OSTIblog Articles in the open access journals Topic | OSTI, US...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    test to check for pancreatic cancer which has been shown to be incredibly effective (400 times more sensitive than previous tests), 90% accurate and extremely cheap (0.03 per test...

  19. OSTIblog Articles in the labs Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... test to check for pancreatic cancer which has been shown to be incredibly effective (400 times more sensitive than previous tests), 90% accurate and extremely cheap (0.03 per test...

  20. TIME Magazine Profiles Transformative Work by DOE and the Recovery Act

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In case you missed it, TIME magazine published a feature story last week about the incredible, transformative work being done by the Department of Energy through the Recovery Act.

  1. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    "incredibly unlikely that literally every word" in the responsive documents is still ... See, e.g., Greg Marlowe, Case No. FIC-13-0001 (2013). The Associate Under Secretary for ...

  2. An Atypical Friday at Merrill Technologies in Saginaw, Michigan...

    Energy Saver

    At the unveiling ceremony, I heard the incredible story of Merrill Technologies, a family business in Michigan that makes components for wind turbines and is thriving in the clean ...

  3. Milton-Freewater: A frontier for new technology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reverse order restores the system to its original state. The incredible value of the smart meter Every customer of Milton-Freewater City Light and Power is now set up with a...

  4. Hydropower Vision Text Version

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Linda Church Ciocci: Hydropower is woven in the very fabric of our nation. It is our largest source of renewable energy, provides the backbone of our electric system, has an incredible history....

  5. What Happens in Research-Based Design | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sound interesting to you? If so, here are the must-haves. - An incredibly strong background in fundamentals of heat transfer, fluid dynamics, or related fields - A very compelling ...

  6. Enhanced Modeling and Monitoring Tools for Distributed PV Interconnect...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... On the right is Milsoft WindMil, which is great, incredibly widely deployed, easy to use load flow and voltage drop tool. And on the other side we have kind of a illustrated screen ...

  7. Establishment of WorldWideScience Alliance | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    It is an incredible tool for scientists and science-attentive citizens to have this kind of access to their ... This is not a new idea. What is new is its wide acceptance and the ...

  8. Microsoft PowerPoint - Stephens-talk.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Earl Res lts from Clo dSat Earl Res lts from Clo dSat Early Results from CloudSat Early Results from CloudSat Graeme Stephens Cast of many - incredible dedicated incredible dedicated teams, JPL, Ball, algs, DPC, etc ARM CloudSat Partners Data processing Mission management & payload development CIRA Spacecraft Radar subsystem development, SMC SPACE TEST SPACE TEST PROGRAM PROGRAM SPACE TEST SPACE TEST PROGRAM PROGRAM Ground operations system + Northrupp Grumman Radar subsystem development,

  9. Lee Teng Undergraduate Fellowship in Accelerator Science and Engineering |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne National Laboratory For more additional information on the Lee Teng Internship, visit the Illinois Accelerator Institute. Lee Teng Partners Lee Teng Fellowship "Incredible opportunity! I have learned a lot, and met some incredible individuals." -Summer 2013 Intern Overview The Illinois Accelerator Institute established the Lee Teng Undergraduate Internship in Accelerator Science and Engineering in 2008 to provide junior level college students an opportunity to study with

  10. Benchmarking Data Cleansing: A Rite of Passage Along the Benchmarking

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Journey | Department of Energy Data Cleansing: A Rite of Passage Along the Benchmarking Journey Benchmarking Data Cleansing: A Rite of Passage Along the Benchmarking Journey Hosted by the Technical Assistance Program (TAP), this webinar, held on April 30, 2015, trained analysts, energy planners, and community officials on the principles used for identifying potential problems associated with benchmarking data, and a methodology for cleaning the data prior to analysis. Transcript Presentation

  11. Tools_for_Improving_Industry_Communications.pdf

    Energy Saver

    Department of Energy To Pluto and Beyond: Powering New Horizons' 3-Billion-Mile Journey To Pluto and Beyond: Powering New Horizons' 3-Billion-Mile Journey July 15, 2015 - 11:23am Addthis This image of Pluto, taken by New Horizons after a 9 1/2-year journey, is our highest-resolution photo of the dwarf planet since its discovery by Clyde Tombaugh in 1930. | Photo courtesy of NASA. This image of Pluto, taken by New Horizons after a 9 1/2-year journey, is our highest-resolution photo of the

  12. OSTIblog Articles in the erda Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    As the individual responsible for the growth and development of this Web product, the journey has been challenging, fun, exciting, and thought-provoking -- but never boring. DOE ...

  13. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    As the individual responsible for the growth and development of this Web product, the journey has been challenging, fun, exciting, and thought-provoking -- but never boring. DOE ...

  14. Los Alamos National Laboratory The

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Highly accurate 3D computing is a critical part of this journey, but not its destination. Clay Dillingham Norris Bradbury, who became the Laboratory's second director, stands ...

  15. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    As the individual responsible for the growth and development of this Web product, the journey has been challenging, fun, exciting, and thought-provoking -- but never boring. ...

  16. 2011 - 12 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    - 12 Dec 2011 Sun, 2011-12-04 00:00 From Nepal to JLab â€" One Scientist's Journey

  17. LA-UR-

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... map (Wahl et al., 1997), and from samples within the region (Warren et al., 2000). ... Bare Mountain", in This extended land: Geological journeys in the southern Basin and ...

  18. Virgin Pulse Wellness Program

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    to non-employee spouses. Employees and non-employee spouses can now embark on their fitness journey together. Join today Virgin Pulse resources Program Overview Provider...

  19. Key Challenges in the North American Power Grid | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A Journey Inside the Complex and Powerful World of Industrial Circuit Breakers Bringing Technology to Life Photovoltaic Power Generation in Flagstaff Subscribe to Future Posts...

  20. Hispanic Student Programs | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    If you are just beginning the journey from college to career and are interested in learning more about jobs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), the Hispanic ...

  1. Geek-Up[09.24.10] -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Antibiotics and the ChemCam's Journey to Mars | Department of Energy 9.24.10] -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance to Antibiotics and the ChemCam's Journey to Mars Geek-Up[09.24.10] -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance to Antibiotics and the ChemCam's Journey to Mars September 24, 2010 - 5:19pm Addthis Check out the ChemCam close-up, which will reveal which elements are present in Mars' rocks and soils. Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience

  2. Technical report on "BES Early Career. Control Graphene Electronic Structure for Energy Technology"

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Feng

    2015-07-11

    Graphene, a one-atom thick sheet of carbon, exhibits incredible structural flexibility, electrical transport, and optical responses. And remarkably, the graphene electronic structure can be varied through interlayer coupling, nanoscale patterning, and electrical gating. In this project we made significant contribution to better understand and control physical properties of graphene and other novel two-dimensional layered materials.

  3. 10 Questions for a Physicist: Antonio Checco

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Today, the Energy Blog is launching a new series, 10 Questions, with a simple goal in mind – to introduce you to our scientists and their incredible work. Dr. Checco explains wetting on the nanoscale, shares some advice for students and tells us about his favorite movie scientist.

  4. Rebuilding the American Auto Industry

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Administration made strategic investments to help U.S. auto manufacturers retool to produce the hybrid, electric, and highly fuel efficient advanced vehicles of the future. With the help of these investments -- and the incredible talent and commitment of America's auto workers -- the auto industry is growing again.

  5. Performance and technical challenges of liquid argon detectors

    SciTech Connect

    Rebel, Brian; /Fermilab

    2011-01-01

    Liquid argon time projection chambers offer the possibility of incredible resolution of particle interactions. This review outlines the ongoing research and development towards the realization of a multi-kiloton scale detector. The ICARUS and ArgoNeuT experiments which make use of liquid argon time projection chamber technology are also described.

  6. Supporting our scientists with Google Earth-based UIs.

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, Janine

    2010-10-01

    Google Earth and Google Maps are incredibly useful for researchers looking for easily-digestible displays of data. This presentation will provide a step-by-step tutorial on how to begin using Google Earth to create tools that further the mission of the DOE national lab complex.

  7. Participate with Us

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    You can help us be an even better resource for you and others. How? Participate in the learning journey by asking us questions (which we'll do our best to answer) on our...

  8. Posters | Advanced Photon Source

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pressure Materials Under Extreme Pressure Qty: 1 add to cart Biological Macromolecules in Action Biological Macromolecules in Action Qty: 1 add to cart Journey to the Center of the...

  9. Buckle up for the #LabsRoadShow | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    With the Fourth of July right around the corner, what's more American than taking a road trip? Join us as we embark on the National Labs Road Show, a virtual journey to meet the ...

  10. Paul D. Boyer, Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), and the Binding...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Boyer Award Lecture Series, University of Wisconsin Journey Page 2, research at UCLA Paul D. Boyer 1998 Seaborg Medal Interview with Paul Boyer, nobelprize.org (video) Paul Boyer: ...

  11. July 1, 2004: Cassini-Huygena spacecraft goes into orbit around Saturn

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    July 1, 2004The Cassini-Huygena spacecraft goes into orbit around the planet Saturn following a seven-year journey made possible partly by work done at DOE sites. Cassini is powered by plutonium...

  12. UK Delegation Focuses on EM's Reactor 'Cocooning' Expertise During...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    not be possible in the UK, but there were numerous lessons learned from the journey the site went through" ONR Decommissioning, Fuel and Waste Programme Director Mina Golshan said. ...

  13. SkySails GmbH | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    which it supplements the momentum of commercial vessels on long journeys, saving fuel costs. References: SkySails GmbH1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  14. Visit to the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2010-01-08

    U.S. Department of Energy scientists and administrators join members of the National Science Foundation and South Dakotas Sanford Underground Laboratory for the deepest journey yet to the proposed site of the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL).

  15. NE Blog Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... of the dwarf planet since its discovery by Clyde Tombaugh in 1930. | Photo courtesy of NASA. To Pluto and Beyond: Powering New Horizons' 3-Billion-Mile Journey NASA's New Horizons ...

  16. A Comparison of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado DuPont's Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise Statistical and ...

  17. Visit to the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    2009-03-31

    U.S. Department of Energy scientists and administrators join members of the National Science Foundation and South Dakotas Sanford Underground Laboratory for the deepest journey yet to the proposed site of the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL).

  18. Visit to the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    2009-01-01

    U.S. Department of Energy scientists and administrators join members of the National Science Foundation and South Dakotas Sanford Underground Laboratory for the deepest journey yet to the proposed site of the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL).

  19. Manhattan Project National Historical Park

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The app is currently downloadable on Apple products, but an android version will be out shortly. To start your confidential journey, click here. Read more about the app in the ...

  20. GE Hackathon Elicits Med-Tech Ideas|GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... And this, we hope will be another cog in the wheel to accelerate our journey towards disrupting healthcare innovation where it matters most. Nitro-Booster Share This Article Click ...

  1. Fermilab Today

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    away, due to the fact that the speed of light is finite. But when you look out at a galaxy whose light arrives after traveling towards you for a journey of 100 million years,...

  2. Innovating to Change Paradigm of Manufacturing | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    You won't believe how cool it can be. Check out the video below to begin your journey. If you want a preview to the technologies featured, read on. 3D Printing ... how about 3D ...

  3. Jefferson Lab Human Resources

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    News Highlights Knocking Down the Costly Top Five Barriers to Diversity and Inclusion in Your Organization The Journey of Two Sisters from Sri Lanka Applications open next week for ...

  4. EMAB Meeting Agenda for February 24, 2011

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Subcommittee Co-Chairs 3:00 p.m. Break 3:15 p.m. EM Journey to Excellence Goal 7: Achieving Excellence in Management and Leadership * Sandra Waisley, Deputy Assistant ...

  5. Slide 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Journey to Excellence Goal 2 & Enhanced Tank Waste Strategy Shirley J. Olinger Associate Principal Deputy for Corporate Operations Office of Environmental Management U.S. Department of Energy February 2011 Agenda * Office of River Protection (ORP) Mission * Journey to Excellence - Goal 2 on reducing EM's Life Cycle Costs * Tank waste scope and challenges * Enhanced Tank Waste Strategy - What it is and what we need to do collectively to make this a reality * Questions/challenges * Support

  6. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Birth and Growth of an Aerosol Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fast, J. D., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: N/A An aerosol particle journey. New modeling approaches developed by a research team led by PNNL show how aerosol particles are born and grow to affect the atmosphere and ultimately climate. An aerosol particle journey. New modeling approaches

  7. 2013 National Nuclear Science Week Education Days

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    National Nuclear Science Week Education Days Monday, October 21 - Friday, October 25, 2013 Ruth Patrick Science Education Center (RPSEC) - USC Aiken, SC Programs: Journey to the Center of the Atom ∎ Chemical Matters ∎ Probing the Periodic Table Teachers can make arrangements for class participation through http://rpsec.usca.edu Tuesday, October 22, 2013 Ruth Patrick Science Education Center (RPSEC) - USC Aiken, SC Webinar: Journey to the Center of the Atom (11:30 am) Register

  8. American Recovery & Reinvestment Act Newsletter - Issue 26

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Contributes to All Seven Goals in EM's Journey to Excellence AIKEN, S.C. - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act work at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is helping to accomplish the goals of DOE's Office of Environmental Management's (EM) Journey to Excellence Roadmap. "The Recovery Act has invested $1.6 billion in projects at the Savannah River Site that reduce the Department's cleanup foot- print, protect human and environmental health, and will reduce the cost to taxpayers over the long

  9. LHC Computing

    SciTech Connect

    Lincoln, Don

    2015-07-28

    The LHC is the world’s highest energy particle accelerator and scientists use it to record an unprecedented amount of data. This data is recorded in electronic format and it requires an enormous computational infrastructure to convert the raw data into conclusions about the fundamental rules that govern matter. In this video, Fermilab’s Dr. Don Lincoln gives us a sense of just how much data is involved and the incredible computer resources that makes it all possible.

  10. News Item

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nature-Inspired Nanotubes That Assemble Themselves, With Precision When it comes to the various nanowidgets scientists are developing, nanotubes are especially intriguing. That's because hollow tubes that have diameters of only a few billionths of a meter have the potential to be incredibly useful, from delivering cancer-fighting drugs inside cells to desalinating seawater. But building nanostructures is difficult. And creating a large quantity of nanostructures with the same trait, such as

  11. Talk Oct. 9 at Bradbury Science Museum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Talk explores Laboratory's 50 years of space research October 3, 2013 Talk Oct. 9 at Bradbury Science Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 3, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory launched its first satellite in 1963, which began an incredible series of space experiments. To celebrate the Laboratory's 50 years of space research and exploration, Roger Wiens, of the Laboratory's Space and Remote Sensing group and principal investigator for the ChemCam instrument used on the Curiosity Rover on Mars, and

  12. Conference on natural gas use state regulation and market dynamics in the Post 636/Energy Policy Act Era: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    Reports in this Record of Proceedings explore a wide variety of issues related to the regulation of natural gas and its future role as one of the critical fuels that powers the economy of the United States. The focus is mainly on problems, obstacles, barriers, and the incredibly complex system created to bring a fuel from wellhead to burner tip. Individual papers have been cataloged separately.

  13. EERE Web Site Engagement Statistics: FY09

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Department of Energy This template was designed for print material originating from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office. EERE Template for Microsoft Word Document Standard Cover and Second Page (81.54 KB) More Documents & Publications EERE Template for Microsoft Word Document Standard Cover and Second Page CX-002453: Categorical Exclusion Determination The FY 2007 Budget Request - On the Threshold of Incredible Advances

    FY09 WEB SITE

  14. Science policy in changing times

    SciTech Connect

    Greenwood, M.R.C.

    1995-10-01

    Like many scientists who were born right after World War II and who have learned a lot about physics, physical sciences, and biology from some of the incredible discoveries that were made in the defense laboratories, I have always been fascinated with Los Alamos. One of the marvelous opportunities that my job in Washington presented was to get to know a good deal more about the physical science world and the Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, particularly Los Alamos since the Manhattan Project.

  15. Hurricane Response and Restoration

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Despite all of ISER’s efforts to promote reliability and resiliency in the energy sector, domestic and global events will occur that will disrupt the sector and ISER must always be prepared to respond. In the face of both manmade and natural disasters, ISER applies cutting edge technical solutions and emergency management expertise to help overcome challenges inherent in quickly restoring an incredibly complex U.S. energy system.

  16. Nature-inspired nanostructures yield first atomic resolution of peptide

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    nanosheet Nature-inspired nanostructures yield first atomic resolution of peptide nanosheet Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window) Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window) Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window) This atomic-resolution simulation of a two-dimensional peptoid nanosheet reveals a snake-like structure never seen before. This research could help scentists design incredibly sensitive chemical detectors or

  17. New APS Fellows for Los Alamos

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    APS Fellows for Los Alamos announced October 31, 2016 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2016-Eight Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists are being honored as new Fellows in the American Physical Society (APS). "Success in accomplishing Los Alamos's essential national-security missions requires innovation across an incredible breadth of scientific and technical disciplines," said Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan. "The American Physical Society's recognition of

  18. First Direct Observation of Carbon Dioxide's Increasing Greenhouse Effect

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    at Earth's Surface First Direct Observation of Carbon Dioxide's Increasing Greenhouse Effect at Earth's Surface First Direct Observation of Carbon Dioxide's Increasing Greenhouse Effect at Earth's Surface Researchers Link Rising CO₂ Levels from Fossil Fuels to Radiative Forcing February 25, 2015 Contact: Dan Krotz, dakrotz@lbl.gov, 510-486-4019 ARM Alaska Caption: The scientists used incredibly precise spectroscopic instruments at two sites operated by the Department of Energy's

  19. Energetic Science and Piranha-Proof Armor

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energetic Science and Piranha-Proof Armor News News Home Featured Articles 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Science Highlights Presentations & Testimony News Archives Communications and Public Affairs Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.12.13 Energetic Science and Piranha-Proof Armor Unique structure of incredible, adaptable armor revealed through

  20. EERE's Fiscal Year 2005 Budget in Brief | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EERE's Fiscal Year 2005 Budget in Brief EERE's Fiscal Year 2005 Budget in Brief This document provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's FY 2005 budget request to Congress. fy05_budget_brief.pdf (295.51 KB) More Documents & Publications FY2006 Budget-in-Brief Fiscal Year 2007 Budget-in-Brief The FY 2007 Budget Request - On the Threshold of Incredible Advances

  1. Bioenergy Technologies Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technologies State Energy Advisory Board Meeting October 18, 2007 ORNL Jonathan R, Mielenz ORNL Biomass Program Manager & Bioconversion Science and Technology President's State of the Union Address January 2006 Keeping America competitive requires affordable energy. And here we have a serious problem: America is addicted to oil, which is often imported from unstable parts of the world. The best way to break this addiction is through technology.... and we are on the threshold of incredible

  2. Atom-Probe Tomographic Measurement of Trapped Hydrogen Isotopes |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Energy Assistant Secretary for EERE Danielson Keynote (text version) Assistant Secretary for EERE Danielson Keynote (text version) Below is the text version for the Keynote: The Honorable David T. Danielson, Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy Video. DAVID DANIELSON: Next up, we are going to have a very exciting panel with some major thought leaders in the private sector and then we will be moving to the incredibly value networking

  3. Microsoft Word - bardayan_abstract

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    May 15, 2012, at 3:45 pm Room MIST 102 at the Mitchell Institute Refreshment will be served at 3:30 pm New instruments and recent results in the study of transfer reactions at the HRIBF Dr. Dan Bardayan Oak Ridge National Laboratory Abstract: Single-nucleon transfer reactions on heavy neutron-rich nuclei are critical to providing an empirical foundation for the determination of the incredibly large neutron fluxes in extreme environments such as exploding stars, internal confinement fusion

  4. OSTIblog Articles in the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Observatory (LIGO) Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) Topic Incredible Laser Interferometers by Kathy Chambers 12 Aug, 2016 in ligo_300.jpg Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) in Livingston, LA. Image credit: LIGO Laboratory Interferometers are investigative tools used in many fields in science and engineering. They work by merging two or more sources of light or

  5. Who goes there. A dialogue of questions and answers about benign hacking. [Securing access to computer from outside sources

    SciTech Connect

    Stevens, D.F.

    1987-04-01

    On August 23, 1986, it was noticed that the accounting files for one of LBL's computing systems failed to balance. On August 24, we received word that an unauthorized person was attempting entry into a US Navy computer from LBL. Preliminary investigation indicated that LBL was the victim of a benign hacker, where ''benign'' is used in the medical sense. It was thought that the perpetrator was a graduate student from a neighboring university, and that it would provide a useful object lesson to other such folk if he were caught and admonished. LBL therefore embarked upon a journey of detection and containment instead of prevention. That journey continues today, having led first across the country, then across the Atlantic. In the course of the journey we have gathered a number of observations that should be of interest to anyone running a computer with any connection to the outside world.

  6. Son's illness brings GE researcher's work into focus | GE Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A Journey No Child Should Take Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) A Journey No Child Should Take Mark Frontera 2014.12.18 It is difficult to put into words just how special a gift it is to finally have two healthy children after a two-year-long battle with pediatric cancer. frontera033 Adam and Joshua

  7. Industrial Circuit Breakers |GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Journey Inside the Complex and Powerful World of Industrial Circuit Breakers Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) A Journey Inside the Complex and Powerful World of Industrial Circuit Breakers Kathleen O'Brien 2015.04.21 Most of us only think about circuit breakers when one trips because we plugged in too

  8. Sandia National Laboratories:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    November 10, 2016 Articles Sandia RAP team works behind the scenes to protect the public at major events Unsung heroes of radiation detection Sandia diversity specialist Marie Capitan wins inaugural award from AISES Lighting the way Sandia Emergency responders participate in active shooter exercise Urban Shield Neil Altomare finds niche in explosives group that helped developed technology used downrange A combat veteran's journey

  9. Comet Riders--Nuclear nomads to the stars

    SciTech Connect

    Angelo, J.A. Jr. ); Buden, D. )

    1991-01-01

    This paper describes the potential role of an evolutionary family of advanced space nuclear power systems (solid core reactor, gas core reactor, and thermonulcear fusion systems) in the detailed exploration of Solar System comets and in the use of interstellar comes to support migratory journeys to the stars by both human beings and their smart robot systems. 14 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. Solar Impulse's Solar-Powered Plane

    ScienceCinema

    Moniz, Ernest; Piccard, Bertrand; Reicher, Dan

    2016-07-12

    Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across the United States. Secretary Ernest Moniz speaks about how advancements like those at the Department of Energy are leading the way for innovations like the solar-powered plane. Footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse.

  11. Solar Impulse's Solar-Powered Plane

    SciTech Connect

    Moniz, Ernest; Piccard, Bertrand; Reicher, Dan

    2013-07-08

    Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across the United States. Secretary Ernest Moniz speaks about how advancements like those at the Department of Energy are leading the way for innovations like the solar-powered plane. Footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse.

  12. Assistant Secretary Triay's FY 2012 EM Budget Rollout Presentation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 2 EM Budget Rollout Presentation Assistant Secretary Triay's FY 2012 EM Budget Rollout Presentation Assistant Secretary Triay's FY 2012 EM Budget Rollout Presentation EM FY 2012 Presidential Budget Request (2.07 MB) More Documents & Publications Keynote Address Office of Environmental Management: A Journey to Excellence Chairs Meeting - June 2011

  13. In Focus

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    In Focus Our Vision National User Facilities Research Areas In Focus Global Solutions ⇒ Navigate Section Our Vision National User Facilities Research Areas In Focus Global Solutions Amazing Science Images Take a look at some incredible images from the science we conduct at Berkeley Lab. 10 On the Way At Berkeley Lab, our goal is to bring science solutions to the world. Here are 10 entries in our 2015 "On the Way" list that are either starting up, moving along, or getting ready to

  14. Criticality Safety Evaluation of Hanford Tank Farms Facility

    SciTech Connect

    WEISS, E.V.

    2000-12-15

    Data and calculations from previous criticality safety evaluations and analyses were used to evaluate criticality safety for the entire Tank Farms facility to support the continued waste storage mission. This criticality safety evaluation concludes that a criticality accident at the Tank Farms facility is an incredible event due to the existing form (chemistry) and distribution (neutron absorbers) of tank waste. Limits and controls for receipt of waste from other facilities and maintenance of tank waste condition are set forth to maintain the margin subcriticality in tank waste.

  15. Concept of operations for channel characterization and simulation of coaxial transmission channels at the National Ignition Facility (NIF)

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Jr., Charles G.

    2015-03-23

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) executes experiments for inertial con nement fusion (ICF), world-class high energy density physics (HEDP), and critical national security missions. While the laser systems, target positioners, alignment systems, control systems, etc. enable the execution of such experiments, NIF’s utility would be greatly reduced without its suite of diagnostics. It would be e ectively “blind” to the incredible physics unleashed in its target chamber. Since NIF diagnostics are such an important part of its mission, the quality and reliability of the diagnostics, and of the data recorded from them, is crucial.

  16. Precision Robotic Assembly Machine

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    The world's largest laser system is the National Ignition Facility (NIF), located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. NIF's 192 laser beams are amplified to extremely high energy, and then focused onto a tiny target about the size of a BB, containing frozen hydrogen gas. The target must be perfectly machined to incredibly demanding specifications. The Laboratory's scientists and engineers have developed a device called the "Precision Robotic Assembly Machine" for this purpose. Its unique design won a prestigious R&D-100 award from R&D Magazine.

  17. Storage opportunities in Arizona bedded evaporites

    SciTech Connect

    Neal, J.T.; Rauzi, S.L.

    1996-10-01

    Arizona is endowed with incredibly diverse natural beauty, and has also been blessed with at least seven discrete deposits of bedded salt. These deposits are dispersed around the state and cover some 2, 500 square miles; they currently contain 14 LPG storage caverns, with preliminary plans for more in the future. The areal extent and thickness of the deposits creates the opportunity for greatly expanded storage of LPG, natural gas, and compressed air energy storage (CAES). The location of salt deposits near Tucson and Phoenix may make CAES an attractive prospect in the future. The diversity of both locations and evaporate characteristics allows for much tailoring of individual operations to meet specific requirements.

  18. Microsoft Word - Document1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    May 2015 A Note From Sam Rashkin: Good Government...Who Knew? I just got a media request asking how the DOE Zero Energy Ready Home program integrates with Passive House. However, when I thought about it, I realized that the more important question was how ALL of the voluntary, high-performance federal government home programs integrate with Passive House. The surprising answer to that question is that we have an incredibly thoughtful set of programs for the housing industry. Yes, in fact good

  19. NERSC is moving!! And what it means for you.

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    is moving!! And what it means for you. NERSC is moving!! And what it means for you. August 4, 2015 by Katie Antypas NERSC Users, As a reminder, NERSC is moving this fall to a new home back on the main Berkeley Lab campus! We are incredibly excited to be moving into our beautiful new facility that can accommodate future systems and is closer to colleagues from other Berkeley Lab divisions. What the NERSC move means for users is that there will be system outages and downtimes towards the end of

  20. Direct Current Episode 1: Tackling the Hidden Costs of Rooftop Solar |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 1: Tackling the Hidden Costs of Rooftop Solar Direct Current Episode 1: Tackling the Hidden Costs of Rooftop Solar Listen to episode 1 of Direct Current - An Energy.gov Podcast, then subscribe on iTunes or wherever you download podcasts! Ever considered getting solar panels for your home? If so, you're not alone. Rooftop solar is growing at an incredible rate, as more and more Americans look to save on their energy bills using clean, free power from sunshine. Sounds

  1. Interactive Grid | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Interactive Grid Interactive Grid Each time you flick a light switch or press a power button, you enjoy the benefits of the nation's incredible electric grid. The grid is a complex network of people and machinery working around the clock to produce and deliver electricity to millions of homes across the nation. The electric grid works so well, Americans often think about it only when they receive their electric bills, or in those rare instances when there is a power outage. By taking the time to

  2. Molecular Foundry

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Caroline M. Ajo-Franklin Ajo-Franklin Staff Scientist, Biological Nanostructures cajo-franklin@lbl.gov 510.486.4299 personal website Biography Dr. Ajo-Franklin has been a Staff Scientist at the Molecular Foundry since 2007. Before that, she received her Ph.D. in Chemistry from Stanford University with Prof. Steve Boxer and was a post-doctoral fellow with Prof. Pam Silver in the Department of Systems Biology at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Ajo-Franklin is fascinated by the incredible, diverse

  3. NETL Labs of the Future

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Labs of the Future Numerous key NETL technology breakthroughs that now play critical roles in our nation's energy security began years ago. That ability to doggedly pursue long-term innovation is why NETL is considered a lab of the future and why we can expect today's early-stage research to yield incredible benefits for future generations. alloy-development.jpg High-Performance Computing for Alloy Development big-data.jpg Big Data ccsi.jpg Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative ccs.jpg Carbon

  4. Interactive Uses of the NSDL: .Atmospheric Visualization Collection

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Interactive Grid Interactive Grid Each time you flick a light switch or press a power button, you enjoy the benefits of the nation's incredible electric grid. The grid is a complex network of people and machinery working around the clock to produce and deliver electricity to millions of homes across the nation. The electric grid works so well, Americans often think about it only when they receive their electric bills, or in those rare instances when there is a power outage. By taking the time to

  5. Microsoft Word - Chu_plenary.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Energy Secretary Steven Chu Steven: Thank you, Richard, and congratulations to Duke, although I have to confess I was rooting for the underdog. Anyway, it's a great pleasure to be here today to talk about something I care deeply about. And the message, the take-home message, is the United States has an incredible opportunity before it. We will need a new industrial revolution, that is to say, a revolution that gives us the energy we like, the energy that creates prosperity but in a different

  6. Direct Numerical Simulations of Flame Propagation in Hydrogen-Oxygen

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy 1: Tackling the Hidden Costs of Rooftop Solar Direct Current Episode 1: Tackling the Hidden Costs of Rooftop Solar Listen to episode 1 of Direct Current - An Energy.gov Podcast, then subscribe on iTunes or wherever you download podcasts! Ever considered getting solar panels for your home? If so, you're not alone. Rooftop solar is growing at an incredible rate, as more and more Americans look to save on their energy bills using clean, free power from sunshine. Sounds

  7. Evaluating the need for a criticality alarm system at ANL-E

    SciTech Connect

    Washburn, P.; Cohen, A.

    1997-08-01

    Under the current climate of increasing regulation and decreasing budgets, DOE nuclear facilities are forced to become more efficient in operations aimed at satisfying regulatory requirements. Efficiency necessitates increased cooperation between the regulator (DOE) and facility management, and often a mutually agreeable innovative solution. At Argonne National Laboratory - East (ANL-E), one issue that required such an innovative solution and cooperation between contractor and regulator was the determination of whether the risk associated with an inadvertent criticality event justified the purchase and maintenance of a Criticality Alarm System (CAS) meeting ANSI/ANS-8.3-1986 requirements. According to DOE Order 420.1, the need for a CAS is based on the probability of occurrence of a criticality accident. If the probability is <10{sup {minus}6}/yr (i.e., incredible) as determined by {open_quotes}commonly accepted engineering judgement,{close_quotes} then a CAS is not necessary. Installation of a CAS after such a conclusion would be a conservative decision and an unnecessary expense. This paper discusses the use of {open_quotes}commonly accepted engineering judgement{close_quotes} to show that the probability of an inadvertent criticality at a nonreactor nuclear facility (e.g., the Alpha-Gamma Hot Cell Facility) is <10{sup {minus}6}/yr. and is therefore an incredible event.

  8. Total quality management implementation guidelines

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    These Guidelines were designed by the Energy Quality Council to help managers and supervisors in the Department of Energy Complex bring Total Quality Management to their organizations. Because the Department is composed of a rich mixture of diverse organizations, each with its own distinctive culture and quality history, these Guidelines are intended to be adapted by users to meet the particular needs of their organizations. For example, for organizations that are well along on their quality journeys and may already have achieved quality results, these Guidelines will provide a consistent methodology and terminology reference to foster their alignment with the overall Energy quality initiative. For organizations that are just beginning their quality journeys, these Guidelines will serve as a startup manual on quality principles applied in the Energy context.

  9. 2012 NLUF Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    2 NLUF Awards National Laser Users' Facility Grant Program FY13-14 NLUF Grants Principal Investigator Institution Project Title R. Petrasso MIT Studies of laboratory astrophysics, inertial-confinement fusion, and high-energy-density physics with nuclear diagnostics R. Jeanloz Univ. of California, Berkeley Journey to the center of Jupiter, recreating Jupiter's core on Omega R. P. Drake Univ. of Michigan Experimental astrophysics on the Omega Laser T. Duffy Princeton Univ. Dynamic compression of

  10. Sandia National Laboratories: LabNews Issues

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    LabNews Issues 2016 $_SerializerTool.serialize($alt) November 10, 2016 Unsung heroes of radiation detection; Sandia Emergency responders participate in active shooter exercise; Sandia diversity specialist wins inaugural award from AISES; From Albuquerque to Afghanistan and back again - A veteran's journey Download (PDF) $_SerializerTool.serialize($alt) October 27, 2016 Diamonds Aren't Forever; 'We need to be both smart and good'; B61-12 Flight Test team honored; Sandia inks SpinDX license

  11. TECHNOLOGY READINESS ASSESSMENT

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASSESSMENT JANUARY 2015 -A CHECKPOINT ALONG A CHALLENGING JOURNEY DOE/NETL-2015/1710 U.S. Department of Energy 2014 TECHNOLOGY READINESS ASSESSMENT-CLEAN COAL RESEARCH PROGRAM 2 2014 TECHNOLOGY READINESS ASSESSMENT-CLEAN COAL RESEARCH PROGRAM Office of Fossil Energy | National Energy Technology Laboratory DISCLAIMER 3 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor

  12. TECHNOLOGY READINESS ASSESSMENT-OVERVIEW

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASSESSMENT-OVERVIEW JANUARY 2015 -A CHECKPOINT ALONG A CHALLENGING JOURNEY DOE/NETL-2015/1711 U.S. Department of Energy 2014 TECHNOLOGY READINESS ASSESSMENT-OVERVIEW 2 2014 TECHNOLOGY READINESS ASSESSMENT-OVERVIEW Office of Fossil Energy | National Energy Technology Laboratory DISCLAIMER 3 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes

  13. Sandia National Laboratories:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    LabNews Topics Issues Image Gallery Search Icon Facebook Twitter YouTube Flickr RSS News LabNews - November 10, 2016 Articles Unsung heroes of radiation detection Lighting the way Urban Shield A combat veteran's journey Contact Us Download PDF Videos Exc Sandia National Laboratories Exceptional service in the national interest Menu Search Icon Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Search Menu About Leadership President's Message Mission Social Media Community Involvement Contribution Programs

  14. Sandia National Laboratories: Strategy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Top Strategy Vision, Mission, and Values Strategic Framework Strategic Objectives and Crosscuts About Strategy Scientist Welcome to our FY16-FY20 Strategic Plan, which both reflects our continued dedication to the work we do and reinforces the importance of the integrated Laboratories' strategic framework to our future. This plan is the result of the leadership team's journey over the past few years in response to the needs of our nation. In an external environment that continues to change,

  15. Saturday Morning Physics at Texas A&M University

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Registration Program Schedule Contact Us Directions Previous Programs Follow us on facebook. Spring 2016 Program Learn about exciting developments in Modern Physics, this year focusing on the fundamentals and forefront research in nuclear and high-energy physics as well as quantum optics. An event series for Texas High-School Students to go on a journey of discovering how physics can help us understand nature! Eleventh Year Running! Earn a certificate for sustained attendance! View the program

  16. Karuk Tribe Strategic Energy Planning

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Karuk Tribe Strategic Energy Planning Journey To Success? The 5 P's of Success #1 - Partners Local utility company #2 - Politics! Community Development or Natural Resources? #3 - Plan Do you have one already? What are all of those acronyms? # 4 - Place Reservation Fee status land # 5 - Pfunding Where do we start? In Conclusion * Nothing happens fast! * As you move forward there will be more questions * Having a plan is critical to success * Never be afraid to ask for help * Utilize your partners

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.1330_Rimando 110316 rev3 [Compatibility Mode]

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Portfolio Management Framework: Improving Project Management Improving Project Management Rodrigo (Rod) V Rimando Jr Rodrigo (Rod) V. Rimando, Jr. Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary Office of Project Management Office of Project Management Environmental Management * Update on restructuring EM's portfolio of Recovery Act work y - Effects and results of change - Recovery Act portfolio performance Recovery Act portfolio performance * EM's Journey to Excellence Translating Recovery Act change to -

  18. Microsoft PowerPoint - Final Presentation - Surash.021611 EMAB Goal 6

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    www.em.doe.gov safety performance cleanup closure E M Environmental Management 1 Office of Environmental Management Journey to Excellence - Goal 6 J. E. Surash, P.E. Deputy Assistant Secretary Acquisition and Contract Management U.S. Department of Energy Bill Murphie Site Manager Portsmouth and Paducah Project Office U.S. Department of Energy February 24, 2011 Improve contract and project management with the objective of delivering results on time and within cost * Improve contract management

  19. Slide 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Procurement Opportunities and Acquisition Process J. E. Surash, P.E. Deputy Assistant Secretary Acquisition and Project Management National Cleanup Workshop September 30, 2015 www.energy.gov/EM 2 EM's Fixed Price Journey * Deputy Secretary's memorandum of December 2012 * Improve Upfront Planning and Requirements Definition * In selecting contract type, contracting officers will first consider the use of a firm-fixed-price contract * If fixed-price approach concluded to be not best contracting

  20. Best Management Practice #11: Commercial Kitchen Equipment | Department of

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    This tip sheet on benchmarking the fuel cost of steam provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies. STEAM TIP SHEET #15 Benchmark the Fuel Cost of Steam Generation (January 2012) (384.44 KB) More Documents & Publications Use Feedwater Economizers for Waste Heat Recovery Consider Installing a Condensing Economizer How to Calculate the True Cost of Steam Journey | Department of Energy

    Hosted by the Technical Assistance

  1. Recently Andrew Sutton and Mylan Sykora, Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists in

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Moving an Idea to the Marketplace August 1, 2016 Recently Andrew Sutton and Mylan Sykora, Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists in the inorganic isotope and actinide chemistry division were selected to participate in the first Innovate New Mexico Showcase. They joined scientists from Air Force Research Laboratory, New Mexico State University, New Mexico Tech and Sandia National Laboratories to present their work to investors. This showcase was not the beginning of the journey for Sutton,

  2. Solar Impulse Lands in New York | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Impulse Lands in New York Solar Impulse Lands in New York July 8, 2013 - 9:42am Addthis Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC, at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across America. | Video by Matty Greene, Energy Department; footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs This past weekend, Solar Impulse -- a solar-powered plane that flies day and night

  3. Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Awarded VPP Gold Star

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Our journey to safety excellence began some six (6) years ago. The task seemed ominous with 6000 plus employees ranging from administrative assistants and craftsman to research scientists and engineers. Another challenge was the geographic dispersion of work areas being as much as 50 miles apart. A core group of employees caught the vision and knew that it could be done, and it is that perseverance that has lead the INEEL to the DOE-VPP Gold Star.

  4. Sandia National Laboratories: Z Pulsed Power Facility: Z News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Z News Dry-run experiments verify key aspect of Sandia nuclear fusion concept View All News Releases News Releases Fusion instabilities lessened by unexpected effect Jan. 9, 2014 Japanese city councilor journeys to end furor over Sandia Z tests May 23, 2013 Sandia physicist wins two national awards Nov. 29, 2012 Dry-run experiments verify key aspect of Sandia nuclear fusion concept Sept. 17, 2012 Nuclear fusion simulation shows high-gain energy output March 20, 2012 Z researcher Dan Sinars

  5. Water Power Technologies Office | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Water Power Technologies Office Water Power Technologies Office Direct Current: From Water to Wattage Podcast Direct Current: From Water to Wattage Podcast Hydropower is America's oldest and largest source of clean, renewable energy. But can it grow to meet our changing needs? Follow our hosts on a journey from hydropower's origins to the new wave of technologies that could shape its future. Read more Amped Up for Water Amped Up for Water The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  6. Y-12 congratulates new apprenticeship grads | Y-12 National Security

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Complex congratulates new ... Y-12 congratulates new apprenticeship grads Posted: June 20, 2016 - 11:30am Y-12 Site Manager Bill Tindal (left) and NPO Manager Geoff Beausoleil (right) congratulate electrician graduate Andre Blocker on successful completion of the Y-12 Apprentice Program. Consolidated Nuclear Security, LLC recently celebrated the graduation of 14 new journey workers from the Y-12 Apprentice Program. The seven electricians, three pipefitters, three stationary engineers and one

  7. Samish Indian Nation's Strategic Energy Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Samish Indian Nation The Samish Indian Nation STRATEGIC ENERGY PLAN STRATEGIC ENERGY PLAN Presentation for the Department of Energy Presentation for the Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program Review Tribal Energy Program Review Golden Colorado, October 2004 Golden Colorado, October 2004 Photo credit: Cover art from: Samish Journey Home Vol 2; "Songs for the Samish people" Washington State Washington State Fidalgo Island Fidalgo Island Lake Campbell Property Fidalgo Bay Resort

  8. Imagine Education recognized for innovative approach to math education

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovative approach to math education Imagine Education recognized for innovative approach to math education Endeavored to remake the way middle-school math is taught through its first-of-its-kind, story-based, online math game, called Ko's Journey. July 20, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma

  9. EEDP and Other Leadership Programs | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Leadership Programs Leadership Programs We encourage promising students to work alongside our industry-leading researchers. Do you have what it takes to join us? Edison Engineering Development Program (EEDP) As an Edison, you are offered opportunities to build on a strong technical foundation and accelerate your journey to being an expert in a technical field about which you are passionate. You have an opportunity to contribute to a range of projects in short-term, high-intensity assignments

  10. Overview of Proposed Geothermal Development in Hawaii

    SciTech Connect

    1990-02-15

    During the four hours of the public meeting held by the State Department of Business and Economic Development (DBED) in Maui in November 1989, not one of the 200 persons present spoke in favor of geothermal development on the Big Island to supply power to Oahu. However, we were all sure after the meeting that the State would proceed on its course to develop the project in spite of any public concerns. This situation we find incredible considering there are many unanswered questions on a subject of paramount importance to the economic and environmental well being of all of us. Our concerns are well expressed in the editorial of The Maui News, December 10, 1989 . We wish to set the record straight with some facts from an economic, financial and utility planning viewpoint, recognizing also the potentially serious social, health and other environmental impacts.

  11. Big Mysteries: The Higgs Mass

    SciTech Connect

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-04-28

    With the discovery of what looks to be the Higgs boson, LHC researchers are turning their attention to the next big question, which is the predicted mass of the newly discovered particles. When the effects of quantum mechanics is taken into account, the mass of the Higgs boson should be incredibly high...perhaps upwards of a quadrillion times higher than what was observed. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains how it is that the theory predicts that the mass is so large and gives at least one possible theoretical idea that might solve the problem. Whether the proposed idea is the answer or not, this question must be answered by experiments at the LHC or today's entire theoretical paradigm could be in jeopardy.

  12. Big Mysteries: The Higgs Mass

    ScienceCinema

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-06-03

    With the discovery of what looks to be the Higgs boson, LHC researchers are turning their attention to the next big question, which is the predicted mass of the newly discovered particles. When the effects of quantum mechanics is taken into account, the mass of the Higgs boson should be incredibly high...perhaps upwards of a quadrillion times higher than what was observed. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains how it is that the theory predicts that the mass is so large and gives at least one possible theoretical idea that might solve the problem. Whether the proposed idea is the answer or not, this question must be answered by experiments at the LHC or today's entire theoretical paradigm could be in jeopardy.

  13. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 3. The Anti-particle

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 3. The Anti-particle. It appears to be the stuff of science fiction. Associated with every elementary particle is an antiparticle which has the same mass and opposite charge. Should the two meet and combine, the result is annihilation - and a flash of light. Thanks to mysterious processes that occurred after the Big Bang there are a vastly greater number of particles than anti-particles. So how could their elusive existence be proved? At CERN particle physicists are crashing together subatomic particles at incredibly high speeds to create antimatter, which they hope will finally reveal what happened at the precise moment of the Big Bang to create the repertoire of elementary particles and antiparticles in existence today.

  14. Fundamentals of plasma simulation

    SciTech Connect

    Forslund, D.W.

    1985-01-01

    With the increasing size and speed of modern computers, the incredibly complex nonlinear properties of plasmas in the laboratory and in space are being successfully explored in increasing depth. Of particular importance have been numerical simulation techniques involving finite size particles on a discrete mesh. After discussing the importance of this means of understanding a variety of nonlinear plasma phenomena, we describe the basic elements of particle-in-cell simulation and their limitations and advantages. The differencing techniques, stability and accuracy issues, data management and optimization issues are discussed by means of a simple example of a particle-in-cell code. Recent advances in simulation methods allowing large space and time scales to be treated with minimal sacrifice in physics are reviewed. Various examples of nonlinear processes successfully studied by plasma simulation will be given.

  15. Algae Testbed Public-Private Partnership Workshop on Principles and Processes: Algae Culture Management, Production and Downstream Harvesting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The spring 2016 Algae Testbed Public-Private Partnership (ATP3) workshop will occur May 16–20, 2016, at Santa Fe Community College and Los Alamos National Laboratory's New Mexico Consortium Biological Laboratory. These unique facilities will give participants incredible insights into aspects across the algae value chain and the food, energy, and water nexus. Lectures will cover the fundamentals of managing microalgal cultures, culturing techniques, measuring and analyzing biomass, harvesting and processing technologies, and life-cycle analysis and operations at the production scale. Participants will have opportunities to work in the laboratory and learn how to measure culture density (cell counting and optical density), use a light and fluorescence microscope, use flow cytometry, and perform gravimetric analyses (dry weight and ash-free dry weight) and techniques necessary to analyze biomass compounds.

  16. Magnet Lattice Design for the Transmission of Power Using Particle Beams

    SciTech Connect

    Marley, Daniel; /North Carolina State U. /SLAC

    2012-08-24

    As the amount of electricity generated by renewable energy sources continues to increase, the current method of power transmission will not serve as an adequate method for transmitting power over very long distances. A new method for transmitting power is proposed using particle beams in a storage ring. Particle beams offer an incredibly energy efficient alternative to transmission lines in transmitting power over very long distances. A thorough investigation of the magnet lattice design for this storage ring is presented. The design demonstrates the ability to design a ring with stable orbits over a 381.733 km circumference. Double bend achromats and FODO cells are implemented to achieve appropriate {beta} functions and dispersion functions for 9-11 GeV electron beams.

  17. Organic Superconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Charles Mielke

    2009-02-27

    Intense magnetic fields are an essential tool for understanding layered superconductors. Fundamental electronic properties of organic superconductors are revealed in intense (60 tesla) magnetic fields. Properties such as the topology of the Fermi surface and the nature of the superconducting order parameter are revealed. With modest maximum critical temperatures~13K the charge transfer salt organic superconductors prove to be incredibly valuable materials as their electronically clean nature and layered (highly anisotropic) structures yield insights to the high temperature superconductors. Observation of de Haas-van Alphen and Shubnikov-de Haas quantum oscillatory phenomena, magnetic field induced superconductivity and re-entrant superconductivity are some of the physical phenomena observed in the charge transfer organic superconductors. In this talk, I will discuss the nature of organic superconductors and give an overview of the generation of intense magnetic fields; from the 60 tesla millisecond duration to the extreme 1000 tesla microsecond pulsed magnetic fields.

  18. Value Stream Mapping: Foam Collection and Processing.

    SciTech Connect

    Sorensen, Christian

    2015-07-01

    The effort to collect and process foam for the purpose of recycling performed by the Material Sustainability and Pollution Prevention (MSP2) team at Sandia National Laboratories is an incredible one, but in order to make it run more efficiently it needed some tweaking. This project started in June of 2015. We used the Value Stream Mapping process to allow us to look at the current state of the foam collection and processing operation. We then thought of all the possible ways the process could be improved. Soon after that we discussed which of the "dreams" were feasible. And finally, we assigned action items to members of the team so as to ensure that the improvements actually occur. These improvements will then, due to varying factors, continue to occur over the next couple years.

  19. Preliminary Criticality Analysis of Degraded SNF Accumulations to a Waste Package (SCPB: N/A) 

    SciTech Connect

    J.W. Davis

    2005-12-15

    This study is prepared by the Mined Geologic Disposal System (MGDS) Waste Package Development Department (WPDD) to provide input to a separate evaluation on the probability of criticality in the far-field environment. These calculations are performed in sufficient detail to provide conservatively bounding configurations to support separate probabilistic analyses. The objective of this evaluation is to provide input to a risk analysis which will show that criticalities involving commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) are not credible, or indicate additional measures that are required for the Engineered Barrier Segment (EBS) to make such events incredible. Minimum critical volumes and masses of UO{sub 2}/H{sub 2}O/tuff mixtures are determined without application of regulatory safety limits. This study does not address or demonstrate compliance with regulatory limits.

  20. Fluid dynamics, particulate segregation, chemical processes, and natural ore analog discussions that relate to the potential for criticality in Hanford tanks

    SciTech Connect

    Barney, G.S.

    1996-09-27

    This report presents an in-depth review of the potential for nuclear criticality to occur in Hanford defense waste tanks during past, current and future safe storage and maintenance operations. The report also briefly discusses the potential impacts of proposed retrieval activities, although retrieval was not a main focus of scope. After thorough review of fluid dynamic aspects that focus on particle segregation, chemical aspects that focus on solubility and adsorption processes that might concentrate plutonium and/or separate plutonium from the neutron absorbers in the tank waste, and ore-body formation and mining operations, the interdisciplinary team has come to the conclusion that there is negligible risk of nuclear critically under existing storage conditions in Hanford site underground waste storage tanks. Further, for the accident scenarios considered an accidental criticality is incredible.

  1. Algal Testbed Public Private Partnerships Workshop on Principles and Processes: Algae Culture Management, Production and Downstream Harvesting

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Spring 2016 ATP3 workshop will occur May 16th-20th at Santa Fe Community College (SFCC) and the Los Alamos National Lab's New Mexico Consortium (LANL NMC). These unique facilities will give participants incredible insights into aspects across the algae value chain and the food, energy and water nexus. Lectures will cover the fundamentals of managing microalgal cultures, culturing techniques, measuring and analyzing biomass, harvesting and processing technologies, as well as life cycle analysis and operations at the production scale. Participants will have opportunities to work in the laboratory and learn how to measure culture density (cell counting and optical density), use a light and fluorescence microscope, use flow cytometry, and perform gravimetric analyses (dry weight and ash-free dry weight), and techniques necessary to analyze biomass compounds.

  2. Nuclear Test-Experimental Science: Annual report, fiscal year 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Struble, G.L.; Donohue, M.L.; Bucciarelli, G.; Hymer, J.D.; Kirvel, R.D.; Middleton, C.; Prono, J.; Reid, S.; Strack, B.

    1988-01-01

    Fiscal year 1988 has been a significant, rewarding, and exciting period for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's nuclear testing program. It was significant in that the Laboratory's new director chose to focus strongly on the program's activities and to commit to a revitalized emphasis on testing and the experimental science that underlies it. It was rewarding in that revolutionary new measurement techniques were fielded on recent important and highly complicated underground nuclear tests with truly incredible results. And it was exciting in that the sophisticated and fundamental problems of weapons science that are now being addressed experimentally are yielding new challenges and understanding in ways that stimulate and reward the brightest and best of scientists. During FY88 the program was reorganized to emphasize our commitment to experimental science. The name of the program was changed to reflect this commitment, becoming the Nuclear Test-Experimental Science (NTES) Program.

  3. Smart Grid Newsletter …TheRegulators Role in Grid ModernizationŽ or Leadership from State Regulators can make the Smart G

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The Smart Grid - How do we get there? One step at a time - the path to the Smart Grid is a long and complex journey that needs to be broken down into manageable and understandable steps. Step 1: Understand what the Smart Grid is Some say the Smart Grid has not yet been defined, others say it is "too hard" to define. To help with this, the Modern Grid Strategy (MGS) team initiated a process to define the Smart Grid in terms of its most fundamental characteristics rather than in terms of

  4. Women @ Energy: Cindy Joe | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Women @ Energy: Christina Swinson Christina Swinson is a post doc. in Accelerator Physics at Brookhaven National Lab. She has a BSc. In Physics with Computing, Queen Mary College, University of London, United Kingdom, and a DPhil. (PhD.) in Accelerator Physics from the University of Oxford, United Kingtom. 1) What inspired you to work in STEM? My decision to work in STEM didn't come until I was in my twenties but the journey first began in high school. Unfortunately at the time I wasn't

  5. Mar-Apr_14Times.indd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    You don't often think of graduation in March, but it was a lucky day on 3/3 at 3 p.m. when Y-12's Apprentice Program graduated 27 new journey workers. "The program requires a big commitment," Beth Green, director of Resource Management, said. "These employees work their 10-hour days and then go to school at night for another four hours. It is very intensive." These apprentices were selected from more than 2,600 applicants, completed an aptitude test and interviewed with Human

  6. Los Alamos National Laboratory The

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The journey from Trinity to Trinity begins with the New Mexico desert night sky turning instantly to day at 05:29 am on July 16, 1945. An eyewitness recalled, "The effects could well be called unprecedented, magnificent, beautiful, stupendous, and terrifying. The lighting effects beggared description. The whole country was lighted by a searing light with the intensity many times that of the midday sun. It was golden, purple, violet, gray, and blue." It was the Trinity Test: the world's

  7. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dust Takes Detour on Ice-Cloud Journey Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kulkarni, G., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Kulkarni G, C Sanders, K Zhang, X Liu, and C Zhao. 2014. "Ice nucleation of bare and sulfuric acid-coated mineral dust particles and implication for cloud properties." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 119(16), doi:10.1002/2014JD021567. Cirrus clouds are

  8. FY16-20 Strategic Plan.

    SciTech Connect

    Harwell, Amber Suzanne

    2015-07-01

    Welcome to our FY16–FY20 Strategic Plan, which both refects our continued dedication to the work we do and reinforces the importance of the integrated Laboratories’ strategic framework to our future. This document is the result of the leadership team’s journey over the past few years in response to the needs of our nation. In an external environment that continues to change, sometimes in unexpected ways, it is critical that our mission areas and our foundation become increasingly synergistic, forming a whole whose parts are interdependent.

  9. Harry Potter, Oxford and Nuclear Energy | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Energy case study profiles Harbec Plastics' 750kW combined heat and power (CHP) project in Ontario, New York to improve plant-wide energy performance. Harbec Plastics: 750kW CHP Application - Project Profile (February 2006) (240.72 KB) More Documents & Publications SEP CASE STUDY WEBINAR: HARBEC SLIDES HARBEC, Inc. Case Study for Superior Energy Performance Harbec: A Fifteen Year Journey to the Beginning

    5 Year Pursuit of Sustainable Manufacturing Energy Summit 2014 Niagara Falls, On.

  10. DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" January 19, 2006 - 10:51am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C.-The New Horizons spacecraft, powered by deep space battery technology developed by the Department of Energy's national laboratories, was successfully launched today from Florida's Kennedy Space Center on a 9-1/2 year journey to explore Pluto and its moons. The spacecraft will receive heat and electricity from a long-lasting plutonium-238

  11. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    track Santa's magical journey December 20, 2010 LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, December 20, 2010-For the 55th consecutive year, millions of people all over the world over will be able to keep tabs on Santa as he treks around the globe delivering presents to good girls and boys. And scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory are again part of the effort! Los Alamos trackers will use state-of-the-art technology to mark the course taken by Old St. Nick and his reindeer; visit http://santa.lanl.gov

  12. Science & Technology Review December 2007

    SciTech Connect

    Chinn, D J

    2007-10-24

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Homeland Security Begins Abroad--Commentary by John C. Doesburg; (2) Out of Harm's Way--New physical protection and accountability systems, together with a focus on security, safeguard nuclear materials in the Russian Federation; (3) A Calculated Journey to the Center of the Earth--Determining the permeability of partially melted metals in a mineral matrix unlocks secrets about the formation of Earth's core; (4) Wireless That Works--Communication technologies using ultrawideband radar are improving national security; and (5) Power to the People--Edward Teller envisioned safe and plentiful nuclear power for peaceful applications.

  13. News Archive | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    21, 2012 Remembering the long day's journey to a historic machine's Christmas Eve first plasma By John Greenwald The big moment arrives: The successful first plasma brought cheers to the command center. 'Twas the night before Christmas and all through the cell Not a creature was stirring. Just the warning bell. The diagnostics were hung on the tokamak with care In hopes that first plasma soon would be there. Read more... December 21, 2012 PPPL teams with South Korea on the forerunner of a

  14. Nuclear Structure at the Limits

    SciTech Connect

    Nazarewicz, W.

    1998-01-12

    One of the frontiers of today?s nuclear science is the ?journey to the limits? of atomic charge and nuclear mass, of neutron-to-proton ratio, and of angular momentum. The tour to the limits is not only a quest for new, exciting phenomena, but the new data are expected, as well, to bring qualitatively new information about the fundamental properties of the nucleonic many-body system, the nature of the nuclear interaction, and nucleonic correlations at various energy-distance scales. In this series of lectures, current developments in nuclear structure at the limits are discussed from a theoretical perspective, mainly concentrating on medium-mass and heavy nuclei.

  15. Nuclear Structure at the Limits

    SciTech Connect

    Nazarewicz, Witold

    1997-12-31

    One of the frontiers of today`s nuclear science is the ``journey to the limits``: of atomic charge and nuclear mass, of neutron-to-proton ratio, and of angular momentum. The tour to the limits is not only a quest for new, exciting phenomena but the new data are expected, as well, to bring qualitatively new information about the fundamental properties of the nucleonic many-body system, the nature of the nuclear interaction, and nucleonic correlations at various energy-distance scales. In this talk, current developments in nuclear structure at the limits are discussed from a theoretical perspective.

  16. Challenges to development in India: The Role of Education

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Rajan

    2006-05-08

    This talk is based on my experiences with issues in development and education in India. I will describe three unfinished journeys: (i) How HIV/AIDS education and awareness lead to a program of "students as agents of change" through the creation of multimedia presentations on societal issues; (ii) how teaching health to village outreach workers lead to an understanding of adolescent migration from villages to towns in search for jobs and the spectre of alcoholism; and(iii) how teaching health to sex workers in Kolkata lead to an understanding of their closed world.

  17. Challenges to Development in India: The Role of Education

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Rajan

    2006-05-08

    This talk is based on my experiences with issues in development and education in India. I will describe three unfinished journeys: (i) How HIV/AIDS education and awareness lead to a program of 'students as agents of change' through the creation of multimedia presentations on societal issues; (ii) how teaching health to village outreach workers lead to an understanding of adolescent migration from villages to towns in search for jobs and the spectre of alcoholism; and(iii) how teaching health to sex workers in Kolkata lead to an understanding of their closed world.

  18. Microsoft Word - The Oppenheimer Years

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Oppenheimer Years 1943-1945 At 5:29:45 am MWT on July 16, 1945, the world's first atomic bomb exploded 100 feet over a portion of the southern New Mexico desert known as the Jornada del Muerto - the Journey of the Dead Man. As he witnessed the nuclear explosion, the man most responsible for the bomb, J. Robert Oppenheimer, thought of a passage from the Bagavaad Gita: "I am become Death, the Destroyer of Worlds." The creation of the atomic bomb made Oppenheimer one of the most

  19. COLLOQUIUM: The Many Faces of Fusion | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    April 14, 2014, 4:00pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: The Many Faces of Fusion Mr. Dan Clery Science Magazine Dan Clery, a veteran journalist for Science magazine and author of "A Piece of the Sun," a wide-ranging account of the quest for fusion energy, will provide a whirlwind tour of the history of fusion from the 1850s to the present day and the people who made it happen. The journey will take in atom spies, superpower summits, hijackings by Palestinian terrorists,

  20. Jefferson Lab invites public to free lecture by author of "The Physics of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Star Trek" | Jefferson Lab public to free lecture by author of &quot;The Physics of Star Trek&quot; Jefferson Lab invites public to free lecture by author of The Physics of Star Trek A free evening of entertainment and learning await you Wednesday, Oct. 14 at the Department of Energy's Jefferson Lab in Newport News, Va. Internationally known physicist and guest lecturer, Professor Lawrence M. Krauss, will guide you on a warp speed journey through the Star Trek universe, which he

  1. LANL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    journey from Trinity to Trinity begins with the New Mexico desert night sky turning instantly to day at 05:29 am on July 16, 1945. An eyewitness recalled, "The effects could well be called unprecedented, magnificent, beautiful, stupendous, and terrifying. The lighting effects beggared description. The whole country was lighted by a searing light with the intensity many times that of the midday sun. It was golden, purple, violet, gray, and blue." It was the Trinity Test: the world's

  2. LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, May 1, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Exploring Mars with Curiosity subject of next Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers in science lectures May 1, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, May 1, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Roger Wiens talks about the NASA Mars Curiosity rover, its journey to Mars and some of its discoveries on the Red Planet thus far in a series of Frontiers in Science presentations beginning May 7 in the Duane Smith Auditorium at Los Alamos High School. Wiens repeats his talk on: * May 9 at the New

  3. Computing in high-energy physics

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Mount, Richard P.

    2016-05-31

    I present a very personalized journey through more than three decades of computing for experimental high-energy physics, pointing out the enduring lessons that I learned. This is followed by a vision of how the computing environment will evolve in the coming ten years and the technical challenges that this will bring. I then address the scale and cost of high-energy physics software and examine the many current and future challenges, particularly those of management, funding and software-lifecycle management. Lastly, I describe recent developments aimed at improving the overall coherence of high-energy physics software.

  4. Episode 7: From Water to Wattage | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Episode 7: From Water to Wattage Episode 7: From Water to Wattage Direct Current - An Energy.gov Podcast Subscribe via iTunes U.S. Department of Energy Play audio Download File Hydropower is America's oldest and largest source of clean, renewable energy. But can it grow to meet our changing needs? Follow our hosts on a journey from hydropower's origins to the new wave of technologies that could shape its future. Read on for more about the topics we covered in this episode, or head over to our

  5. 2004 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dec 2004 Wed, 2004-12-01 00:00 Jefferson Lab's journey into the nucleus (CERN Courier) Wed, 2004-12-01 00:00 CEBAF set to double energy (CERN Courier) Nov 2004 Mon, 2004-11-29 00:00 Quantum Delights (Daily Press) Sun, 2004-11-28 00:00 Ten to watch: These area women have excelled in local businesses while still in their 20s (Daily Press) Thu, 2004-11-04 00:00 Lab Beams With a Winning Idea (Times-Dispatch Staff Writer) Oct 2004 Sun, 2004-10-24 00:00 efferson Lab Hopes to Bulk Up 'Strong Force'

  6. Nonlinear buckling analyses of a small-radius carbon nanotube

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Ning Li, Min; Jia, Jiao; Wang, Yong-Gang

    2014-04-21

    Carbon nanotube (CNT) was first discovered by Sumio Iijima. It has aroused extensive attentions of scholars from all over the world. Over the past two decades, we have acquired a lot of methods to synthesize carbon nanotubes and learn their many incredible mechanical properties such as experimental methods, theoretical analyses, and computer simulations. However, the studies of experiments need lots of financial, material, and labor resources. The calculations will become difficult and time-consuming, and the calculations may be even beyond the realm of possibility when the scale of simulations is large, as for computer simulations. Therefore, it is necessary for us to explore a reasonable continuum model, which can be applied into nano-scale. This paper attempts to develop a mathematical model of a small-radius carbon nanotube based on continuum theory. An Isotropic circular cross-section, Timoshenko beam model is used as a simplified mechanical model for the small-radius carbon nanotube. Theoretical part is mainly based on modified couple stress theory to obtain the numerical solutions of buckling deformation. Meanwhile, the buckling behavior of the small radius carbon nanotube is simulated by Molecular Dynamics method. By comparing with the numerical results based on modified couple stress theory, the dependence of the small-radius carbon nanotube mechanical behaviors on its elasticity constants, small-size effect, geometric nonlinearity, and shear effect is further studied, and an estimation of the small-scale parameter of a CNT (5, 5) is obtained.

  7. Fungal biology: compiling genomes and exploiting them

    SciTech Connect

    Labbe, Jessy L; Uehling, Jessie K; Payen, Thibaut; Plett, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    The last 10 years have seen the cost of sequencing complete genomes decrease at an incredible speed. This has led to an increase in the number of genomes sequenced in all the fungal tree of life as well as a wide variety of plant genomes. The increase in sequencing has permitted us to study the evolution of organisms on a genomic scale. A number of talks during the conference discussed the importance of transposable elements (TEs) that are present in almost all species of fungi. These TEs represent an especially large percentage of genomic space in fungi that interact with plants. Thierry Rouxel (INRA, Nancy, France) showed the link between speciation in the Leptosphaeria complex and the expansion of TE families. For example in the Leptosphaeria complex, one species associated with oilseed rape has experienced a recent and massive burst of movement by a few TE families. The alterations caused by these TEs took place in discrete regions of the genome leading to shuffling of the genomic landscape and the appearance of genes specific to the species, such as effectors useful for the interactions with a particular plant (Rouxel et al., 2011). Other presentations showed the importance of TEs in affecting genome organization. For example, in Amanita different species appear to have been invaded by different TE families (Veneault-Fourrey & Martin, 2011).

  8. Risk-ranking IST components into two categories

    SciTech Connect

    Rowley, C.W.

    1996-12-01

    The ASME has utilized several schemes for identifying the appropriate scope of components for inservice testing (IST). The initial scope was ASME Code Class 1/2/3, with all components treated equally. Later the ASME Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Committee decided to use safe shutdown and accident mitigation as the scoping criteria, but continued to treat all components equal inside that scope. Recently the ASME O&M Committee decided to recognize service condition of the component, hence the comprehensive pump test. Although probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) are incredibly complex plant models and computer hardware and software intensive, they are a tool that can be utilized by many plant engineering organizations to analyze plant system and component applications. In 1992 the ASME O&M Committee got interested in using the PRA as a tool to categorize its pumps and valves. In 1994 the ASME O&M Committee commissioned the ASME Center for Research and Technology Development (CRTD) to develop a process that adapted the PRA technology to IST. In late 1995 that process was presented to the ASME O&M Committee. The process had three distinct portions: (1) risk-rank the IST components; (2) develop a more effective testing strategy for More Safety Significant Components; and (3) develop a more economic testing strategy for Less Safety Significant Components.

  9. A Coupled Neutron-Photon 3-D Combinatorial Geometry Monte Carlo Transport Code

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    1998-06-12

    TART97 is a coupled neutron-photon, 3 dimensional, combinatorial geometry, time dependent Monte Carlo transport code. This code can run on any modern computer. It is a complete system to assist you with input preparation, running Monte Carlo calculations, and analysis of output results. TART97 is also incredibly fast: if you have used similar codes, you will be amazed at how fast this code is compared to other similar codes. Use of the entire system canmore » save you a great deal of time and energy. TART 97 is distributed on CD. This CD contains on-line documentation for all codes included in the system, the codes configured to run on a variety of computers, and many example problems that you can use to familiarize yourself with the system. TART97 completely supersedes all older versions of TART, and it is strongly recommended that users only use the most recent version of TART97 and ist data files.« less

  10. Environmental Virology Workshop Summary, Tucson, Arizona, Jan 7-12, 2013

    SciTech Connect

    Sullivan, Matthew

    2015-02-17

    Full Text of the report: A total of 66 researchers participated in this workshop, including 44 attendees, 3 program officers from private and federal funding agencies, and 19 workshop teachers. The workshop was incredibly productive and focused on identifying knowledge-gaps critical for predictive modeling, and developing the framework (experimental, informatic, theoretical) needed to obtain the data. All attendees developed a strong foundation in cutting-edge methods and a network of researchers that are now aiding in advancing environmental virology research. To more broadly reach Environmental Virologists, a subset of the attendees since proposed and ran a viromics workshop at the American Society of Microbiology meeting in 2014 in Boston, MA where the workshop sold-out. The workshop proposal was accepted again by ASM and is scheduled to occur at the New Orleans meeting in May, 2015. Additionally, PI Sullivan is co-convening a ''Viromics: Tools and Concepts'' session at the FEMS meeting in the Netherlands in June 2015 to continue getting the word out about Environmental Virology. A second formal Environmental Virology Workshop is being planned to occur in Scotland in summer 2016, likely held jointly with the Aquatic Virology Workshop. I wish to thank DOE for their critical support for this workshop which has helped galvanize the field.

  11. Metal Organic Framework Research: High Throughput Discovery of Robust Metal Organic Framework for CO2 Capture

    SciTech Connect

    2010-08-01

    IMPACCT Project: LBNL is developing a method for identifying the best metal organic frameworks for use in capturing CO2 from the flue gas of coal-fired power plants. Metal organic frameworks are porous, crystalline compounds that, based on their chemical structure, vary considerably in terms of their capacity to grab hold of passing CO2 molecules and their ability to withstand the harsh conditions found in the gas exhaust of coal-fired power plants. Owing primarily to their high tunability, metal organic frameworks can have an incredibly wide range of different chemical and physical properties, so identifying the best to use for CO2 capture and storage can be a difficult task. LBNL uses high-throughput instrumentation to analyze nearly 100 materials at a time, screening them for the characteristics that optimize their ability to selectively adsorb CO2 from coal exhaust. Their work will identify the most promising frameworks and accelerate their large-scale commercial development to benefit further research into reducing the cost of CO2 capture and storage.

  12. Physics with charmonium - Highlights of BESIII and PANDA

    SciTech Connect

    Messchendorp, Johan

    2014-11-11

    The physics of the strong interaction is undoubtedly one of the most challenging areas of modern science. Quantum ChromoDynamics (QCD) is reproducing successfully the physics phenomena at distances much shorter than the size of the nucleon, where perturbation theory can be used yielding results of high precision and predictive power. At larger distance scales, however, perturbative methods cannot be applied anymore, although spectacular phenomena, such as the generation of hadron masses and quark confinement, occur. Studies using charmed quarks and gluon-rich matter have the potential to connect the perturbative and the non-perturbative QCD region. The annihilation of matter with antimatter in the mass regime of charmonium is an ideal environment to discover new states or transitions that could reveal the secrets of the strong interaction. Hadronic and electromagnetic transitions between charmonium states and their decays have been measured with a world-record in precision with the BESIII spectrometer at the electron-positron collider at IHEP Beijing, China. Moreover, unconventional narrow charmonium-rich states have been discovered recently in an energy regime above the open-charm threshold, thereby, possibly initiating a new era in charmonium spectroscopy. The near future experiment, PANDA, at the research facility FAIR in Germany, Darmstadt, will exploit the annihilation of cooled anti-protons with protons to perform charmonium spectroscopy with an incredible precision. I will present the most promising results that have been recently obtained with BESIII together with the future perspectives of PANDA in the field of charmonium spectroscopy.

  13. QER- Comment of Beth Markens 1

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    I'm writing to state that New England does not need to draw energy from "natural" gas out of the Marcellus Shale. This so called "natural" gas is increasingly unconventional gas. It is well known that gas from the Marcellus Shale is exponentially higher in radioactivity. This poses a severe health risk to Massachusetts residents in a number of ways. Pipelines leak. And proposed pipelines will run through all of our aquifers and watersheds. There is a disproportionately high level of environmental damage, ruining of drinking water, difficulties of disposing of ruined drinking water, and an obscenely high emission from both wellheads and pipelines. As a Master's level nursing professional, I feel this is incredibly dangerous and a foolhardy method for a small number of individuals to gain an obscene amount of private wealth while the rest of us face enormous consequences. Massachusetts does not need to become the shipping grid for the Marcellus Shale. And this seems like a ploy by two big investment companies to exploit eminent domain for private profit. I have great concern for the health and well-being of citizens of Massachusetts. It certainly seems like a plan to euthanize citizens. --Beth Ashley Markens, RN

  14. K-25 D and D Challenges - 12170

    SciTech Connect

    Eidam, Greg [Bechtel National, Inc. (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of the K-25 former gaseous diffusion plant provides lessons learned applicable to other D and D projects in the DOE Complex. The 175,000- square-meter, 1.6-kilometer-long building is contaminated with highly enriched uranium (HEU), Tc-99, trace quantities of other fission products, asbestos, PCBs, and other hazardous wastes. Safety challenges include deteriorated electrical systems, significant structural degradation, and criticality and exposure risks. The project completely revised the D and D approach after a worker fell through an operating floor and was seriously injured. For protection from deteriorated building conditions, the project reduced the number of workers in the facility, limited their hours in the building, and installed nets and barriers to protect them from falls through weakened floors and from falling material. The new plan involved removing high-risk components, removing motors and compressors, and demolishing the building from the outside with heavy equipment with most of the piping and components inside the building during demolition. The team provided temporary electrical power; reconfigured the criticality alarm system; upgraded security; performed sampling and analysis to locate and characterize HEU deposits and Tc-99; and, to establish 'criticality incredible' conditions, conducted a nondestructive assay program and injected foam into equipment and piping as a contamination fixative. (authors)

  15. Delivering Insight The History of the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Larzelere II, A R

    2007-01-03

    The history of the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI) tells of the development of computational simulation into a third fundamental piece of the scientific method, on a par with theory and experiment. ASCI did not invent the idea, nor was it alone in bringing it to fruition. But ASCI provided the wherewithal - hardware, software, environment, funding, and, most of all, the urgency - that made it happen. On October 1, 2005, the Initiative completed its tenth year of funding. The advances made by ASCI over its first decade are truly incredible. Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Sandia National Laboratories, along with leadership provided by the Department of Energy's Defense Programs Headquarters, fundamentally changed computational simulation and how it is used to enable scientific insight. To do this, astounding advances were made in simulation applications, computing platforms, and user environments. ASCI dramatically changed existing - and forged new - relationships, both among the Laboratories and with outside partners. By its tenth anniversary, despite daunting challenges, ASCI had accomplished all of the major goals set at its beginning. The history of ASCI is about the vision, leadership, endurance, and partnerships that made these advances possible.

  16. Looking on the east: Transformation of the sleeping colossus

    SciTech Connect

    Khazanet, V.L.

    1995-06-01

    The initial wave of euphoria that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union has given way to the mixed blessings of a transitional period. Changing from a managed economy to a market economy is a difficult process. To understand why the transitional period is so difficult, the influence of more than 70 years of communist education, mentality, and lifestyle has to be taken into account. The results of the past are deeply felt by each ex-Soviet citizen, and the still-powerful old influences can slow down market development. The business environment is changing incredibly fast; the possibility of US construction companies working in the Former Soviet States (FSS) was unthinkable only a few years ago. Foreign companies may find it hard to do business in the FSS due to their limited knowledge of how the construction industry works there. Differences in the business mentality and in the decision-making process must be understood. To avoid failure and to successfully implement construction projects in the FSS, investors must be familiar with the history of the Soviet construction industry, its current status, and its likely future. 2 figs.

  17. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  18. UK energy minister sees strong E and P as key to healthy economy

    SciTech Connect

    1997-11-01

    A watershed event occurred on May 1, 1997, when Britain`s Labour Party achieved its greatest electoral victory of the 20th century by winning an incredible 419 seats in parliament. Prior to the election, there had been some nervousness among companies in the UK`s E and P sector about the prospect of a Labour administration. After 18 years of Conservative rule, the industry had grown comfortable with the status quo and feared that a switch of parties might bring unwelcome changes to oil and gas policy. That has not occurred, so far, during the first six months of Labour`s reign. Prime Minister Tony Blair has entrusted energy matters to Mr. John Battle, MP, the new Minister of Science, Energy and Industry within the Department of Trade and Industry. As the son of a nuclear engineer, the 46-year-old minister has a unique appreciation of the benefits that industry, technology and science bring to everyday people`s lives. During a recent, multi-country fact-finding tour, World Oil International Editor Kurt Abraham sat down with Minister Battle at his DTI office in London to discuss the state of Britain`s upstream, as seen through the eyes of the new regime.

  19. An aqueous route to [Ta6O19]8- and solid-state studies of isostructural niobium and tantalum oxide complexes.

    SciTech Connect

    Nyman, May D.; Anderson, Travis Mark; Alam, Todd M.; Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Joel N. Bixler; Francois Bonhomme

    2007-10-01

    Tantalate materials play a vital role in our high technology society: tantalum capacitors are found in virtually every cell phone. Furthermore, electronic characteristics and the incredibly inert nature of tantalates renders them ideal for applications such as biomedical implants, nuclear waste forms, ferroelectrics, piezoelectrics, photocatalysts and optical coatings. The inert and insoluble nature of tantalates is not fundamentally understood; and furthermore poor solubility renders fabrication of novel or optimized tantalates very difficult. We have developed a soft chemical route to water-soluble tantalum oxide clusters that can serve as both precursors for novel tantalate materials and ideal models for experimental and computational approaches to understanding the unusually inert behavior of tantalates. The water soluble cluster, [Ta6O19]8- is small, highly symmetric, and contains the representative oxygen types of a metal oxide surface, and thus ideally mimics a complex tantalate surface in a simplistic form that can be studied unambiguously. Furthermore; in aqueous solution, these highly charged and super-basic clusters orchestrate surprising acid-base behavior that most likely plays an important role in the inertness of related oxide surfaces. Our unique synthetic approach to the [Ta6O19]8- cluster allowed for unprecedented enrichment with isotopic labels (17O), enabling detailed kinetic and mechanistic studies of the behavior of cluster oxygens, as well as their acid-base behavior. This SAND report is a collection of two publications that resulted from these efforts.

  20. CORE (Common Operating Response Environment) Software Technology Suite

    SciTech Connect

    Gelston, Gariann; Rohlfing, Kerrie

    2015-05-26

    Agencies that oversee complex, multi-stakeholder programs need efficient, secure ways to link people and knowledge within and across organizations. The Common Operating Response Environment (CORE), a software suite developed by PNNL researchers does just that. The CORE tool—which is customizable for a multitude of uses—facilitates situational awareness by integrating diverse data streams without the need to reformat them, summarizing that information, and providing users with the information they need to rapidly understand and appropriately respond to situations. It is mobile device-ready, has a straightforward interface for ease of use across organizations and skill sets, and is incredibly configurable to the needs of each specific user, whether they require data summaries for high-level decision makers or tactical maps, operational data, or weather information for responders in the field. Information can be input into CORE and queried in a variety of ways—using customized forms, reports, visuals, or other organizational templates—according to the needs of each user’s organization, teams, and business processes. CORE data forms, for instance, could be accessed and used in real-time to capture information about vessels being inspected for nuclear material.

  1. Energy efficiency, renewable energy and sustainable development

    SciTech Connect

    Ervin, C.A.

    1994-12-31

    The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) is part of the U.S. Department of Energy that is specifically charged with encouraging the more efficient use of energy resources, and the use of renewable energy resources - such as solar power, wind power, biomass energy and geothermal energy. In the past several years, EE has increased its emphasis on technology deployment through partnerships with states, local governments and private companies. Partnerships move new discoveries more quickly into the marketplace, where they can create jobs, prevent pollution, save resources, and produce many other benefits. The author then emphasizes the importance of this effort in a number of different sections of the paper: energy consumption pervades everything we do; U.S. energy imports are rising to record levels; transportation energy demand is increasing; U.S. energy use is increasing; population growth increases world energy demand; total costs of energy consumption aren`t always counted; world energy markets offer incredible potential; cost of renewables is decreasing; clean energy is essential to sustainable development; sustainable energy policy; sustainable energy initiatives: utilities, buildings, and transportation.

  2. Review of Monitoring Plans for Gas Bubble Disease Signs and Gas Supersaturation Levels on the Columbia and Snake Rivers.

    SciTech Connect

    Fidler, Larry; Elston, Ralph; Colt, John

    1994-07-01

    Montgomery Watson was retained by the Bonneville Power Administration to evaluate the monitoring program for gas bubble disease signs and dissolved gas supersaturation levels on the Columbia and Snake rivers. The results of this evaluation will provide the basis for improving protocols and procedures for future monitoring efforts. Key study team members were Dr. John Colt, Dr. Larry Fidler, and Dr. Ralph Elston. On the week of June 6 through 10, 1994 the study team visited eight monitoring sites (smolt, adult, and resident fish) on the Columbia and Snake rivers. Additional protocol evaluations were conducted at the Willard Field Station (National Biological Survey) and Pacific Northwest Laboratories at Richland (Battelle). On June 13 and 14, 1994, the study team visited the North Pacific Division office of the U.S. Corps of Engineers and the Fish Passage Center to collect additional information and data on the monitoring programs. Considering the speed at which the Gas Bubble Trauma Monitoring Program was implemented this year, the Fish Passage Center and cooperating Federal, State, and Tribal Agencies have been doing an incredible job. Thirty-one specific recommendations are presented in this report and are summarized in Section 14.

  3. Interim Report of the Commission to Review the Effectiveness of the National Energy Laboratories

    SciTech Connect

    Cohon, Jared L.; Glauthier, T. J.; Augustine, Norman R.; Austin, Wanda M.; Elachi, Charles; Fleury, Paul A.; Hockfield, Susan J.; Meserve, Richard A.; Murray, Cherry A.

    2015-02-27

    The Commission to Review the Effectiveness of the National Energy Laboratories was charged by Congress in January 2014 to evaluate the mission, capabilities, size, performance, governance, and agency oversight of the 17 Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories. Given the incredibly broad scope and aggressive timeline (the original deadline was February 2015), the Secretary of Energy and Congress agreed to split the task into two phases. This interim report contains the preliminary observations and recommendations gleaned from Phase 1 of the study, which consisted of a literature review; visits to five of the National Laboratories; semi-structured interviews with staff from across the National Laboratories, DOE, other Federal agencies, companies, other non-governmental organizations, and additional interested parties; and presentations at monthly public Commission meetings. The Commission notes that the purpose of the National Laboratories is to provide critical capabilities and facilities in service of DOE’s mission and the needs of the broader national and international science and technology (S&T) community, including other Federal agencies, academia, and private industry. The National Laboratories are successfully fulfilling that mission today. While the Commission believes significant improvements can be made to many aspects of DOE management and governance of the laboratories, those issues do not detract from the National Laboratories’ remarkable contributions to the American public. In Phase 2 the Commission will focus on ways to make the process of carrying out their missions more efficient and effective.

  4. Radiation exposure and dose estimates for a nuclear-powered manned Mars SPRINT mission. [Pb; Al; LiH; H d2O

    SciTech Connect

    Nealy, J.E.; Simonsen, L.C.; Wilson, J.W.; Townsend, L.W. ); Qualls, G.D. ); Schnitzler, B.G. ); Gates, M.M. )

    1991-01-05

    A conceptual manned mission to Mars is analyzed in order to estimate potential ionizing radiation doses that may be incurred by crew members during the course of the mission. The scenario is set for a journey during the solar active period and includes a brief stay on the Martian surface. Propulsion is assumed to be provided by nuclear thermal rocket power, and estimates of the dose contributions from the reactors are included. However, due to effective shielding of the reactors by large propellant tanks, it is found that the incurred doses are principally due to the charged particle natural environment. Recent data (August-December 1989) for large solar proton events are used to simulate the flare environment, while standard models are used for the trapped particle and galactic cosmic ray contributions. Shield effectiveness for several candidate materials are investigated.

  5. Microwave Discharge Ion Engines onboard Hayabusa Asteroid Explorer

    SciTech Connect

    Kuninaka, Hitoshi

    2008-04-28

    The Hayabusa spacecraft rendezvoused with the asteroid Itokawa in 2005 after the powered flight in the deep space by the {mu}l0 cathode-less electron cyclotron resonance ion engines. Though the spacecraft was seriously damaged after the successful soft-landing and lift-off, the xenon cold gas jets from the ion engines rescued it. New attitude stabilization method using a single reaction wheel, the ion beam jets, and the photon pressure was established and enabled the homeward journey from April 2007 aiming the Earth return on 2010. The total accumulated operational time of the ion engines reaches 31,400 hours at the end of 2007. One of four thrusters achieved 13,400-hour space operation.

  6. Science & Technology Review April/May 2009

    SciTech Connect

    Bearinger, J P

    2009-03-23

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Leveraging the National Ignition Facility to Meet the Climate-Energy Challenge--Commentary by George H. Miller; (2) The Journey into a New Era of Scientific Discoveries--The world's largest laser is dedicated on May 29, 2009; (3) Safe and Sustainable Energy with LIFE--A revolutionary technology to generate electricity, modeled after the National Ignition Facility, could either be a pure fusion energy source or combine the best of fusion and fission energy; (4) A Simulated Rehearsal for Battle--Livermore's Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation is the most widely used tactical model in the world; (5) Improving Catalysis with a 'Noble' Material--By infusing carbon aerogels with platinum, researchers have produced a more affordable and efficient catalytic material; and (6) A Time Machine for Fast Neutrons--A new, robust time-projection chamber that provides directional detection of fast neutrons could greatly improve search methods for nuclear materials.

  7. National Criticality Experiments Research Center: Capability and Status

    SciTech Connect

    Hayes, David K.; Myers, William L.

    2012-07-12

    After seven years, the former Los Alamos Critical Experiments Facility (LACEF), or Pajarito Site, has reopened for business as the National Criticality Experiments Research Center (NCERC) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Four critical assembly machines (Comet, Planet, Flat-Top, and Godiva-IV) made the journey from Los Alamos to the NNSS. All four machines received safety system upgrades along with new digital control systems. Between these machines, systems ranging from the thermal through the intermediate to the fast spectrum may be assembled. Steady-State, transient, and super-prompt critical conditions may be explored. NCERC is the sole remaining facility in the United States capable of conducting general-purpose nuclear materials handling including the construction and operation of high-multiplication assemblies, delayed critical assemblies, and prompt critical assemblies. Reconstitution of the unique capabilities at NCERC ensures the viability of (1) The Nuclear Renaissance, (2) Stockpile Stewardship, and (3) and the next generation of criticality experimentalists.

  8. Comparison of glass surfaces as a countertop material to existing surfaces

    SciTech Connect

    Turo, Laura A.; Winschell, Abigail E.

    2011-09-01

    Gleen Glass, a small production glass company that creates countertops, was selected for the Technology Assistance Program through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Gleen Glass was seeking material property analysis comparing glass as a countertop material to current surfaces (i.e. marble, granite and engineered stone). With samples provided from Gleen Glass, testing was done on granite, marble, and 3 different glass surfaces ('Journey,' 'Pebble,' and 'Gleen'). Results showed the glass surfaces have a lower density, lower water absorption, and are stronger in compressive and flexural tests as compared to granite and marble. Thermal shock tests showed the glass failed when objects with a high thermal mass are placed directly on them, whereas marble and granite did not fracture under these conditions.

  9. Looking for Auger signatures in III-nitride light emitters: A full-band Monte Carlo perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Bertazzi, Francesco Goano, Michele; Zhou, Xiangyu; Calciati, Marco; Ghione, Giovanni; Matsubara, Masahiko; Bellotti, Enrico

    2015-02-09

    Recent experiments of electron emission spectroscopy (EES) on III-nitride light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have shown a correlation between droop onset and hot electron emission at the cesiated surface of the LED p-cap. The observed hot electrons have been interpreted as a direct signature of Auger recombination in the LED active region, as highly energetic Auger-excited electrons would be collected in long-lived satellite valleys of the conduction band so that they would not decay on their journey to the surface across the highly doped p-contact layer. We discuss this interpretation by using a full-band Monte Carlo model based on first-principles electronic structure and lattice dynamics calculations. The results of our analysis suggest that Auger-excited electrons cannot be unambiguously detected in the LED structures used in the EES experiments. Additional experimental and simulative work are necessary to unravel the complex physics of GaN cesiated surfaces.

  10. LANL: AOT & LANSCE The Pulse November 2009

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    9 Los Alamos National Laboratory * Est. 1943 The Pulse-Newsletter of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and Accelerator Operations and Technology Division I N S I D E 2 Vogel receiVes lANsce Director's excelleNce AwArD 2 AccelerAtor struc- ture DeVelopmeNt AND thiN coAtiNg oN Niobium sAmples 3 NANogrAiNs DemoN- strAte extrAorDiNAry thermAl stAbility 3 competitiVe ADsorp- tioN of luNg surfAc- tANt AND AlbumiN 4 heADs up! For more than 15 years, Yusheng Zhao has been on a scientifc journey

  11. Women @ Energy: Simerjeet Gill

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    "The possibilities and freedom to pursue ideas to solve problems is very exciting. Working in the Department of Energy not only provides me with access to state-of-the-art facilities like the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) and future NSLS-II, I also get to work with world-class scientists who are leaders in their fields. When I developed a reaction cell to watch corrosion as it happens at a synchrotron facility, I got to work with beamline scientists, design engineers, corrosion experts, and a safety team. Teaming up with these experts for an experiment was truly a rewarding experience. In my current projects, I am collaborating with outstanding scientists from Brookhaven Lab and other institutions to develop materials for nuclear energy and, so far, the journey has been great."

  12. Future generations, environmental ethics, and global environmental change

    SciTech Connect

    Tonn, B.E.

    1994-12-31

    The elements of a methodology to be employed by the global community to investigate the consequences of global environmental change upon future generations and global ecosystems are outlined in this paper. The methodology is comprised of two major components: A possible future worlds model; and a formal, citizen-oriented process to judge whether the possible future worlds potentially inheritable by future generations meet obligational standards. A broad array of descriptors of future worlds can be encompassed within this framework, including survival of ecosystems and other species and satisfaction of human concerns. The methodology expresses fundamental psychological motivations and human myths journey, renewal, mother earth, and being-in-nature-and incorporates several viewpoints on obligations to future generations-maintaining options, fairness, humility, and the cause of humanity. The methodology overcomes several severe drawbacks of the economic-based methods most commonly used for global environmental policy analysis.

  13. Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion Test Facilities Subpanel. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, G.C.; Warren, J.W.; Martinell, J.; Clark, J.S.; Perkins, D.

    1993-04-01

    On 20 Jul. 1989, in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing, President George Bush proclaimed his vision for manned space exploration. He stated, 'First for the coming decade, for the 1990's, Space Station Freedom, the next critical step in our space endeavors. And next, for the new century, back to the Moon. Back to the future. And this time, back to stay. And then, a journey into tomorrow, a journey to another planet, a manned mission to Mars.' On 2 Nov. 1989, the President approved a national space policy reaffirming the long range goal of the civil space program: to 'expand human presence and activity beyond Earth orbit into the solar system.' And on 11 May 1990, he specified the goal of landing Astronauts on Mars by 2019, the 50th anniversary of man's first steps on the Moon. To safely and ever permanently venture beyond near Earth environment as charged by the President, mankind must bring to bear extensive new technologies. These include heavy lift launch capability from Earth to low-Earth orbit, automated space rendezvous and docking of large masses, zero gravity countermeasures, and closed loop life support systems. One technology enhancing, and perhaps enabling, the piloted Mars missions is nuclear propulsion, with great benefits over chemical propulsion. Asserting the potential benefits of nuclear propulsion, NASA has sponsored workshops in Nuclear Electric Propulsion and Nuclear Thermal Propulsion and has initiated a tri-agency planning process to ensure that appropriate resources are engaged to meet this exciting technical challenge. At the core of this planning process, NASA, DOE, and DOD established six Nuclear Propulsion Technical Panels in 1991 to provide groundwork for a possible tri-agency Nuclear Propulsion Program and to address the President's vision by advocating an aggressive program in nuclear propulsion. To this end the Nuclear Electric Propulsion Technology Panel has focused it energies.

  14. Parallelizing AT with MatlabMPI

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Evan Y.; /Brown U. /SLAC

    2011-06-22

    The Accelerator Toolbox (AT) is a high-level collection of tools and scripts specifically oriented toward solving problems dealing with computational accelerator physics. It is integrated into the MATLAB environment, which provides an accessible, intuitive interface for accelerator physicists, allowing researchers to focus the majority of their efforts on simulations and calculations, rather than programming and debugging difficulties. Efforts toward parallelization of AT have been put in place to upgrade its performance to modern standards of computing. We utilized the packages MatlabMPI and pMatlab, which were developed by MIT Lincoln Laboratory, to set up a message-passing environment that could be called within MATLAB, which set up the necessary pre-requisites for multithread processing capabilities. On local quad-core CPUs, we were able to demonstrate processor efficiencies of roughly 95% and speed increases of nearly 380%. By exploiting the efficacy of modern-day parallel computing, we were able to demonstrate incredibly efficient speed increments per processor in AT's beam-tracking functions. Extrapolating from prediction, we can expect to reduce week-long computation runtimes to less than 15 minutes. This is a huge performance improvement and has enormous implications for the future computing power of the accelerator physics group at SSRL. However, one of the downfalls of parringpass is its current lack of transparency; the pMatlab and MatlabMPI packages must first be well-understood by the user before the system can be configured to run the scripts. In addition, the instantiation of argument parameters requires internal modification of the source code. Thus, parringpass, cannot be directly run from the MATLAB command line, which detracts from its flexibility and user-friendliness. Future work in AT's parallelization will focus on development of external functions and scripts that can be called from within MATLAB and configured on multiple nodes, while

  15. Synthesis, Development, and Testing of High-Surface-Area Polymer-Based Adsorbents for the Selective Recovery of Uranium from Seawater

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Oyola, Yatsandra; Janke, Christopher J.; Dai, Sheng

    2016-02-29

    The ocean contains uranium with an approximate concentration of 3.34 ppb, which can serve as an incredible supply source to sustain nuclear energy in the United States. Unfortunately, technology currently available to recover uranium from seawater is not efficient enough and mining uranium on land is still more economical. For this study, we have developed polymer-based adsorbents with high uranium adsorption capacities by grafting amidoxime onto high-surface-area polyethylene (PE) fibers. Various process conditions have been screened, in combination with developing a rapid testing protocol (<24 h), to optimize the process. These adsorbents are synthesized through radiation-induced grafting of acrylonitrile (AN)more » and methacrylic acid (MAA) onto PE fibers, followed by the conversion of nitriles to amidoximes and basic conditioning. In addition, the uranium adsorption capacity, measured in units of gU/kgads, is greatly increased by reducing the diameter of the PE fiber or changing its morphology. An increase in the surface area of the PE polymer fiber allows for more grafting sites that are positioned in more-accessible locations, thereby increasing access to grafted molecules that would normally be located in the interior of a fiber with a larger diameter. Polymer fibers with hollow morphologies are able to adsorb beyond 1 order of magnitude more uranium from simulated seawater than current commercially available adsorbents. Finally, several high-surface-area fibers were tested in natural seawater and were able to extract 5–7 times more uranium than any adsorbent reported to date.« less

  16. THE ENIGMATIC YOUNG, LOW-MASS VARIABLE TWA 30

    SciTech Connect

    Looper, Dagny L.; Rayner, John; Pitts, Mark A.; Mohanty, Subhanjoy; Bochanski, John J.; Burgasser, Adam J.; Mamajek, Eric E.; Herczeg, Gregory J.; West, Andrew A.; Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy

    2010-05-01

    TWA 30 is a remarkable young (7 {+-} 3 Myr), low-mass (0.12 {+-} 0.04 M{sub sun}), late-type star (M5 {+-} 1) residing 42 {+-} 2 pc away from the Sun in the TW Hydrae Association (TWA). It shows strong outflow spectral signatures such as [S II], [O I], [O II], [O III], and Mg I], while exhibiting weak H{alpha} emission (-6.8 {+-} 1.2 A). Emission lines of [S II] and [O I] are common to T Tauri stars still residing in their natal molecular clouds, while [O III] and Mg I] emission lines are incredibly rare in this same population; in the case of TWA 30, these latter lines may arise from new outflow material colliding into older outflow fronts. The weak H{alpha} emission and small radial velocity shifts of line emission relative to the stellar frame of rest (generally {approx_lt}10 km s{sup -1}) suggest that the disk is viewed close to edge-on and that the stellar axis may be inclined to the disk, similar to the AA Tau system, based on its temporal changes in emission/absorption line strengths/profiles and variable reddening (A{sub V} = 1.5-9.0). The strong Li absorption (0.61 {+-} 0.13 A) and common kinematics with members of the TWA confirm its age and membership to the association. Given the properties of this system such as its proximity, low mass, remarkable outflow signatures, variability, and edge-on configuration, this system is a unique case study at a critical time in disk evolution and planet-building processes.

  17. Engineered Nanomaterials, Sexy New Technology and Potential Hazards

    SciTech Connect

    Beaulieu, R A

    2009-05-04

    Engineered nanomaterials enhance exciting new applications that can greatly benefit society in areas of cancer treatments, solar energy, energy storage, and water purification. While nanotechnology shows incredible promise in these and other areas by exploiting nanomaterials unique properties, these same properties can potentially cause adverse health effects to workers who may be exposed during work. Dispersed nanoparticles in air can cause adverse health effects to animals not merely due to their chemical properties but due to their size, structure, shape, surface chemistry, solubility, carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity, mutagenicity, dermal toxicity, and parent material toxicity. Nanoparticles have a greater likelihood of lung deposition and blood absorption than larger particles due to their size. Nanomaterials can also pose physical hazards due to their unusually high reactivity, which makes them useful as catalysts, but has the potential to cause fires and explosions. Characterization of the hazards (and potential for exposures) associated with nanomaterial development and incorporation in other products is an essential step in the development of nanotechnologies. Developing controls for these hazards are equally important. Engineered controls should be integrated into nanomaterial manufacturing process design according to 10CFR851, DOE Policy 456.1, and DOE Notice 456.1 as safety-related hardware or administrative controls for worker safety. Nanomaterial hazards in a nuclear facility must also meet control requirements per DOE standards 3009, 1189, and 1186. Integration of safe designs into manufacturing processes for new applications concurrent with the developing technology is essential for worker safety. This paper presents a discussion of nanotechnology, nanomaterial properties/hazards and controls.

  18. Cleaning up the Legacy of the Cold War: Plutonium Oxides and the Role of Synchrotron Radiation Research

    SciTech Connect

    Clark, David Lewis

    2015-01-21

    The deceptively simple binary formula of AnO2 belies an incredibly complex structural nature, and propensity to form mixed-valent, nonstoichiometric phases of composition AnO2±x. For plutonium, the very formation of PuO2+x has challenged a long-established dogma, and raised fundamental questions for long-term storage and environmental migration. This presentation covers two aspects of Los Alamos synchrotron radiation studies of plutonium oxides: (1) the structural chemistry of laboratory-prepared AnO2+x systems (An = U, Pu; 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) determined through a combination of x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (XAFS) and x-ray scattering of laboratory prepared samples; and (2) the application of synchrotron radiation towards the decontamination and decommissioning of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. Making the case for particle transport mechanisms as the basis of plutonium and americium mobility, rather than aqueous sorption-desorption processes, established a successful scientific basis for the dominance of physical transport processes by wind and water. The scientific basis was successful because it was in agreement with general theory on insolubility of PuO2 in oxidation state IV, results of ultrafiltration analyses of field water/sediment samples, XAFS analyses of soil, sediment, and concrete samples, and was also in general agreement with on-site monitoring data. This understanding allowed Site contractors to rapidly move to application of soil erosion and sediment transport models as the means of predicting plutonium and americium transport, which led to design and application of site-wide soil erosion control technology to help control downstream concentrations of plutonium and americium in streamflow.

  19. 636 To the burnertip

    SciTech Connect

    Huntoon, S.L.

    1994-07-01

    For LDCs still dazed from last year's revolution, the prospect of totally restructuring their own business in 636 fashion may seem incredible. But the movement is real, invoking concepts like [open quotes]unbundling,[close quotes] [open quotes]comparability of service,[close quotes] and [open quotes]open access.[close quotes] And in it, marketers see their next great business opportunity. Large customers perceive a possible advantage in contracting for and managing their supplies through the entire pipeline/distributor infrastructure, particularly as an indirect means of cutting LDC margins by paying [open quotes]only for what they use.[close quotes] Producers also see the prospect of cutting LDC margins through [open quotes]competition.[close quotes] Those policymakers and economists that saw efficiency gains in turning pipelines into common carries presumably see the same potential with distributors. And some LDCs may be starting down that path. Is there a certain inevitability to this Will distributors be out of the merchant business in, say, five years Will the homeowner get a bill for transportation from PECO and a bill for gas from Enron Access Maybe. Certainly it is not inevitable. The revolution in telecommunications that gave us competition in long distance largely stopped with the baby Bells. Duly noting the California plan, electric utilities are sellers of commodities - not common carriers, as are water companies. Even the cable companies are exclusive sellers of what they carry. So the experience of other utility industries does not preordain that LDCs transport rather than sell gas. Thus, it is quite possible that the [open quotes]equilibrium[close quotes] for LDC activities pre-636 is the equilibrium post-636. That is, large end users would continue to transport gas on the LDC system while all others would continue to purchase a bundled merchant service from the LDC. But the jury will be out for the foreseeable future.

  20. Designing a stochastic genetic switch by coupling chaos and bistability

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Xiang; Ouyang, Qi; Wang, Hongli

    2015-11-15

    In stem cell differentiation, a pluripotent stem cell becomes progressively specialized and generates specific cell types through a series of epigenetic processes. How cells can precisely determine their fate in a fluctuating environment is a currently unsolved problem. In this paper, we suggest an abstract gene regulatory network to describe mathematically the differentiation phenomenon featuring stochasticity, divergent cell fates, and robustness. The network consists of three functional motifs: an upstream chaotic motif, a buffering motif of incoherent feed forward loop capable of generating a pulse, and a downstream motif which is bistable. The dynamic behavior is typically a transient chaos with fractal basin boundaries. The trajectories take transiently chaotic journeys before divergently settling down to the bistable states. The ratio of the probability that the high state is achieved to the probability that the low state is reached can maintain a constant in a population of cells with varied molecular fluctuations. The ratio can be turned up or down when proper parameters are adjusted. The model suggests a possible mechanism for the robustness against fluctuations that is prominently featured in pluripotent cell differentiations and developmental phenomena.

  1. A Bioinformatician's Guide to Metagenomics

    SciTech Connect

    Kunin, Victor; Copeland, Alex; Lapidus, Alla; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Hugenholtz, Philip

    2008-08-01

    As random shotgun metagenomic projects proliferate and become the dominant source of publicly available sequence data, procedures for best practices in their execution and analysis become increasingly important. Based on our experience at the Joint Genome Institute, we describe step-by-step the chain of decisions accompanying a metagenomic project from the viewpoint of a bioinformatician. We guide the reader through a standard workflow for a metagenomic project beginning with pre-sequencing considerations such as community composition and sequence data type that will greatly influence downstream analyses. We proceed with recommendations for sampling and data generation including sample and metadata collection, community profiling, construction of shotgun libraries and sequencing strategies. We then discuss the application of generic sequence processing steps (read preprocessing, assembly, and gene prediction and annotation) to metagenomic datasets by contrast to genome projects. Different types of data analyses particular to metagenomes are then presented including binning, dominant population analysis and gene-centric analysis. Finally data management systems and issues are presented and discussed. We hope that this review will assist bioinformaticians and biologists in making better-informed decisions on their journey during a metagenomic project.

  2. Two decades of laccases: Advancing sustainability in the chemical industry

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Cannatelli, Mark D.; Ragauskas, Arthur J.

    2016-07-01

    Given the current state of environmental affairs and that our future on this planet as we know it is in jeopardy, research and development into greener and more sustainable technologies within the chemical and forest products industries is at its peak. Given the global scale of these industries, the need for environmentally benign practices is propelling new green processes. These challenges are also impacting academic research and our reagents of interest are laccases. These enzymes are employed in a variety of biotechnological applications due to their native function as catalytic oxidants. They are about as green as it gets whenmore » it comes to chemical processes, requiring O2 as their only co-substrate and producing H2O as the sole by-product. Furthermore, the following account will review our twenty year journey on the use of these enzymes within our research group, from their initial use in biobleaching of kraft pulps and for fiber modification within the pulp and paper industry, to their current application as green catalytic oxidants in the field of synthetic organic chemistry.« less

  3. An Ansatz Regarding Relativistic Space Travel Part II-Propulsion Realities

    SciTech Connect

    Murad, Paul A

    2008-01-21

    Travel to the stars can involve a perilous journey in an unfriendly space-time continuum that can include singularities, nonlinear events, gravity as a function of both position and vehicle velocity, and extra dimensional effects discussed in Part I. Such a device may possibly use field propulsion technology. Although several field propulsion schemes exist, a proposed candidate is based upon using an electromagnetic drive that uses a rotating magnetic field superimposed on the spacecraft's stationary or static electric field. This is comparable to a Searl generator and the field interaction would generate an electromagnetic vortex to create nonlinear gravitational effects possibly due to an inverse Gertsenshtein relationship to push against the intrinsic gravitational field of a planet. Moreover, changing alignment of the magnetic field axis with the electric field will induce a margin of lateral controllability. Issues such as assessing this combined effect of using both electric and magnetic fields are discussed. Finally, the need for experimental data is stressed to validate these otherwise very speculative theoretical notions.

  4. The spectral imaging facility: Setup characterization

    SciTech Connect

    De Angelis, Simone De Sanctis, Maria Cristina; Manzari, Paola Olga; Ammannito, Eleonora; Di Iorio, Tatiana; Liberati, Fabrizio; Tarchi, Fabio; Dami, Michele; Olivieri, Monica; Pompei, Carlo; Mugnuolo, Raffaele

    2015-09-15

    The SPectral IMager (SPIM) facility is a laboratory visible infrared spectrometer developed to support space borne observations of rocky bodies of the solar system. Currently, this laboratory setup is used to support the DAWN mission, which is in its journey towards the asteroid 1-Ceres, and to support the 2018 Exo-Mars mission in the spectral investigation of the Martian subsurface. The main part of this setup is an imaging spectrometer that is a spare of the DAWN visible infrared spectrometer. The spectrometer has been assembled and calibrated at Selex ES and then installed in the facility developed at the INAF-IAPS laboratory in Rome. The goal of SPIM is to collect data to build spectral libraries for the interpretation of the space borne and in situ hyperspectral measurements of planetary materials. Given its very high spatial resolution combined with the imaging capability, this instrument can also help in the detailed study of minerals and rocks. In this paper, the instrument setup is first described, and then a series of test measurements, aimed to the characterization of the main subsystems, are reported. In particular, laboratory tests have been performed concerning (i) the radiation sources, (ii) the reference targets, and (iii) linearity of detector response; the instrumental imaging artifacts have also been investigated.

  5. THREE-DIMENSIONAL LAGRANGIAN TURBULENT DIFFUSION OF DUST GRAINS IN A PROTOPLANETARY DISK: METHOD AND FIRST APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect

    Charnoz, Sebastien; Aleon, Jerome

    2011-08-10

    In order to understand how the chemical and isotopic compositions of dust grains in a gaseous turbulent protoplanetary disk are altered during their journey in the disk, it is important to determine their individual trajectories. We study here the dust-diffusive transport using Lagrangian numerical simulations using the popular 'turbulent diffusion' formalism. However, it is naturally expressed in an Eulerian form, which does not allow the trajectories of individual particles to be studied. We present a simple stochastic and physically justified procedure for modeling turbulent diffusion in a Lagrangian form that overcomes these difficulties. We show that a net diffusive flux F of the dust appears and that it is proportional to the gas density ({rho}) gradient and the dust diffusion coefficient D{sub d}: (F = D{sub d} /{rho} x grad({rho})). It induces an inward transport of dust in the disk's midplane, while favoring outward transport in the disk's upper layers. We present tests and applications comparing dust diffusion in the midplane and upper layers as well as sample trajectories of particles with different sizes. We also discuss potential applications for cosmochemistry and smoothed particle hydrodynamic codes.

  6. The integration of pollution prevention into business planning

    SciTech Connect

    Mongan, E.

    1996-12-31

    The cornerstone of DuPont`s environmental program is a commitment to employees, customers, shareholders and the public that the company will conduct its business with respect and care for the environment. The ultimate driver for environmental progress is the company`s goal of zero waste and emissions. The drive to zero is underscored by the belief that eliminating wastes and emissions will create positive results for the company`s businesses. DuPont has put in place a number of managing systems to support teams and individuals in their pursuit of environmental improvements. The goals and targets provide milestones to assess the company`s progress on the journey to the goal of zero. DuPont has policies and standards to address a wide range of environmental performance requirements for its operations. These policies and standards are held uniformly in DuPont`s worldwide operations, even if local, regional or national requirements are less strict than those of DuPont. The company performs environmental audits of all of its major facilities operations at least every two years to ensure compliance with corporate policies and standards as well as all regulations.

  7. FROM NDE WITH A Q TO SHM AND BEYOND

    SciTech Connect

    Achenbach, J. D.

    2009-03-03

    In the nineteen-sixties, a significant limitation of NDI and NDE became apparent with the advent of fracture mechanics. Fracture mechanics requires quantitative information on defects, which has to be obtained from quantitative non-destructive testing. A DARPA Program directed by Don Thompson provided the point of departure for the journey to put the Q with NDE. The DARPA Program, and subsequent DOD, FAA and industrial programs produced seminal results for diagnostics and prognostics. In diagnostics, measurement models, probability of detection considerations and techniques of defect characterization were developed, which were complemented by damage evolution laws, probabilistic failure analysis and damage progression estimates, for methods of prognostication. The new results in QNDE naturally led to the concept of structural health monitoring (SHM), whereby sensors are permanently installed on structures. An SHM system can provide on-demand (or continuous) information on the state of a structure, so that an assessment of the structural integrity can be made at any time, and timely remedial actions can be taken. In this paper, we review the development of QNDE towards SHM. Sensor development, data processing, materials engineering and solid mechanics play dominant roles in both the diagnostic and the prognostic components of SHM. A probabilistic approach is essential, as will be shown by examples of pre-crack fatigue damage, crack growth and optimization of an inspection schedule.

  8. Recycling of non-metallic fractions from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE): A review

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Ruixue; Xu, Zhenming

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • NMFs from WEEE were treated by incineration or land filling in the past. • Environmental risks such as heavy metals and BFRs will be the major problems during the NMFs recycling processes. • Methods and technologies of recycling the two types of NMFs from WEEE, plastics, glasses are reviewed. • More environmental impact assessment should be carried out to evaluate the environmental risks of the recycling products. - Abstract: The world’s waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) consumption has increased incredibly in recent decades, which have drawn much attention from the public. However, the major economic driving force for recycling of WEEE is the value of the metallic fractions (MFs). The non-metallic fractions (NMFs), which take up a large proportion of E-wastes, were treated by incineration or landfill in the past. NMFs from WEEE contain heavy metals, brominated flame retardant (BFRs) and other toxic and hazardous substances. Combustion as well as landfill may cause serious environmental problems. Therefore, research on resource reutilization and safe disposal of the NMFs from WEEE has a great significance from the viewpoint of environmental protection. Among the enormous variety of NMFs from WEEE, some of them are quite easy to recycle while others are difficult, such as plastics, glass and NMFs from waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs). In this paper, we mainly focus on the intractable NMFs from WEEE. Methods and technologies of recycling the two types of NMFs from WEEE, plastics, glass are reviewed in this paper. For WEEE plastics, the pyrolysis technology has the lowest energy consumption and the pyrolysis oil could be obtained, but the containing of BFRs makes the pyrolysis recycling process problematic. Supercritical fluids (SCF) and gasification technology have a potentially smaller environmental impact than pyrolysis process, but the energy consumption is higher. With regard to WEEE glass, lead removing is requisite

  9. QER- Comment of Paul Martin

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    To Whom It May Concern, Thank you for your work on infrastructure siting. I have been developing several wind projects in Wyoming for the last seven years. The state of Wyoming is blessed with incredible amounts of fantastic wind and natural gas resources that if developed, could provide the cleanest and lowest cost incremental additions of electricity available to California.....even without the PTC. However, it is generally accepted that due to the significant challenges in siting the Gateway and TransWest Transmission Projects, there may not be any room to build new transmission lines out of Wyoming in the future without impacting other visual and environmental resources. This fact can be confirmed by the BLM officials here in Wyoming. Furthermore, these projects may not even be built to their full capacity due to the restrictions on incumbent utilities ability to rate base investments and a lack of investors with a long enough time horizon. If nothing is done, in ten years when the aforementioned transmission projects are at their capacity, there will be no way to access the remaining generation resources in Wyoming and they will be stranded for decades to come. These big transmission lines take decades to develop and no one will start a new project until this perceived situation is altered. This would be a major setback for the American, and more specifically, the California economy if we knowingly limited our access to the western grid's cheapest and cleanest resources. Something should be done sooner rather than later. This is a looming crisis that has been forgotten as the focus has remained on just getting the current ones across the finish line. There are many ways that this situation can be addressed, such as allowing permitting agencies such as the BLM more latitude when it comes to evaluating impacts from critical transmission corridors. Alternatively, the federal government could find ways to encourage owners of existing and planned transmission lines

  10. RED GIANTS IN ECLIPSING BINARY AND MULTIPLE-STAR SYSTEMS: MODELING AND ASTEROSEISMIC ANALYSIS OF 70 CANDIDATES FROM KEPLER DATA

    SciTech Connect

    Gaulme, P.; McKeever, J.; Rawls, M. L.; Jackiewicz, J.; Mosser, B.; Guzik, J. A.

    2013-04-10

    Red giant stars are proving to be an incredible source of information for testing models of stellar evolution, as asteroseismology has opened up a window into their interiors. Such insights are a direct result of the unprecedented data from space missions CoRoT and Kepler as well as recent theoretical advances. Eclipsing binaries are also fundamental astrophysical objects, and when coupled with asteroseismology, binaries provide two independent methods to obtain masses and radii and exciting opportunities to develop highly constrained stellar models. The possibility of discovering pulsating red giants in eclipsing binary systems is therefore an important goal that could potentially offer very robust characterization of these systems. Until recently, only one case has been discovered with Kepler. We cross-correlate the detected red giant and eclipsing-binary catalogs from Kepler data to find possible candidate systems. Light-curve modeling and mean properties measured from asteroseismology are combined to yield specific measurements of periods, masses, radii, temperatures, eclipse timing variations, core rotation rates, and red giant evolutionary state. After using three different techniques to eliminate false positives, out of the 70 systems common to the red giant and eclipsing-binary catalogs we find 13 strong candidates (12 previously unknown) to be eclipsing binaries, one to be a non-eclipsing binary with tidally induced oscillations, and 10 more to be hierarchical triple systems, all of which include a pulsating red giant. The systems span a range of orbital eccentricities, periods, and spectral types F, G, K, and M for the companion of the red giant. One case even suggests an eclipsing binary composed of two red giant stars and another of a red giant with a {delta}-Scuti star. The discovery of multiple pulsating red giants in eclipsing binaries provides an exciting test bed for precise astrophysical modeling, and follow-up spectroscopic observations of many

  11. Coupled Neutron-Photon, 3-D, Combinatorial Geometry, Time Dependent, Monte Carlo Transport Code System.

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2013-06-24

    Version 07 TART2012 is a coupled neutron-photon Monte Carlo transport code designed to use three-dimensional (3-D) combinatorial geometry. Neutron and/or photon sources as well as neutron induced photon production can be tracked. It is a complete system to assist you with input preparation, running Monte Carlo calculations, and analysis of output results. TART2012 is also incredibly FAST; if you have used similar codes, you will be amazed at how fast this code is compared tomore » other similar codes. Use of the entire system can save you a great deal of time and energy. TART2012 extends the general utility of the code to even more areas of application than available in previous releases by concentrating on improving the physics, particularly with regard to improved treatment of neutron fission, resonance self-shielding, molecular binding, and extending input options used by the code. Several utilities are included for creating input files and displaying TART results and data. TART2012 uses the latest ENDF/B-VI, Release 8, data. New for TART2012 is the use of continuous energy neutron cross sections, in addition to its traditional multigroup cross sections. For neutron interaction, the data are derived using ENDF-ENDL2005 and include both continuous energy cross sections and 700 group neutron data derived using a combination of ENDF/B-VI, Release 8, and ENDL data. The 700 group structure extends from 10-5 eV up to 1 GeV. Presently nuclear data are only available up to 20 MeV, so that only 616 of the groups are currently used. For photon interaction, 701 point photon data were derived using the Livermore EPDL97 file. The new 701 point structure extends from 100 eV up to 1 GeV, and is currently used over this entire energy range. TART2012 completely supersedes all older versions of TART, and it is strongly recommended that one use only the most recent version of TART2012 and its data files. Check author’s homepage for related information: http

  12. Philosophy on astronaut protection: Perspective of an astronaut

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, E.

    1997-04-30

    There are significant differences in the risks during the launch of a spacecraft, its journey, and its subsequent return to earth, as contrasted to the risks of latent cancers that may develop as a result of the associated radiation exposures. Once the spacecraft has landed, following a successful mission, the risks of accidental death are over. The risks of latent cancers, however, will remain with the astronauts for the rest of their lives. The same may be true for many of the effects of the space environment, including microgravity. Compounding the problem with respect to radiation are the large uncertainties accompanying the estimates of the associated latent cancer risks. In addition to radiation doses received as a result of being exposed in space, astronauts have received significant does of radiation in conjunction with medical examinations and experiments conducted to obtain data on the effects of the space environment on humans. The experiments were considered to be a part of the {open_quotes}job{close_quotes} of being an astronaut, and the resulting doses were included in the medical records. Following this approach, the accompanying doses were counted against the career limits being imposed on each astronaut. As a result, volunteering for such experiments could cause an earlier termination of the career of an astronaut than would otherwise have occurred and add to the total radiation exposure, thereby increasing one`s risk of subsequent illness. Through cooperative efforts, these does have been significantly reduced in recent years. In fact, one of the outcomes of these efforts has been the incorporation of the ALARA concept into the radiation protection program for the astronauts. The fact that a space mission has a range of risks, including some that are relatively large, is no justification for failing to reduce the accompanying radiation risk.

  13. The changing structure of the electric power industry: An update

    SciTech Connect

    1996-12-01

    The U. S. electric power industry today is on the road to restructuring a road heretofore uncharted. While parallels can be drawn from similar journeys taken by the airline industry, the telecommunications industry, and, most recently, the natural gas industry, the electric power industry has its own unique set of critical issues that must be resolved along the way. The transition will be from a structure based on a vertically integrated and regulated monopoly to one equipped to function successfully in a competitive market. The long-standing traditional structure of the electric power industry is the result of a complex web of events that have been unfolding for over 100 years. Some of these events had far-reaching and widely publicized effects. Other major events took the form of legislation. Still other events had effects that are less obvious in comparison (e.g., the appearance of technologies such as transformers and steam and gas turbines, the invention of home appliances, the man-made fission of uranium), and it is likely that their significance in the history of the industry has been obscured by the passage of time. Nevertheless, they, too, hold a place in the underpinnings of today`s electric industry structure. The purpose of this report, which is intended for both lay and technical readers, is twofold. First, it is a basic reference document that provides a comprehensive delineation of the electric power industry and its traditional structure, which has been based upon its monopoly status. Second, it describes the industry`s transition to a competitive environment by providing a descriptive analysis of the factors that have contributed to the interest in a competitive market, proposed legislative and regulatory actions, and the steps being taken by the various components of the industry to meet the challenges of adapting to and prevailing in a competitive environment.

  14. Perspectives of women of color in science-based education and careers. Summary of the conference on diversity in science

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    Research on inequality or stratification in science and engineering tends to concentrate on black/white or male/female difference; very few studies have discussions of both race and gender. Consequently, very little is known about the exact course that women of color take in science-based education and employment or about the course that steers them out of science-based careers. Questions abound: What are the environmental factors that affect the choices in education and science-based careers of women of color? What has influenced women of color who currently are in science-based careers? Is critical mass important and, if so, what are the keys to increasing it? What recommendations can be made to colleges and universities, faculty members, employers, the federal government, women of color themselves, and to improve the conditions and numbers of women of color in science-based careers? These questions prompted the National Research Council`s Committee on Women in Science and Engineering (CWSE) to convene a conference on Diversity in Science: Perspectives on the Retention of Minority Women in Science, Engineering, and Health-Care Professions, held on October 21--23, 1995. Confronting the problem of the lack of knowledge about the journey of women of color in science-based education and career, the conference offered opportunities for these women to describe the paths that they have taken and to identify strategies for success. Their perspectives ground this report. For purposes of this document, women of color include women in the following racial or ethnic groups: Hispanics, African-Americans, Asian and Pacific Islanders, and American Indians and Alaskan Natives. Science-based careers include those in the physical sciences and mathematics, life sciences, social sciences, and engineering.

  15. ENSEMBLE SIMULATIONS OF PROTON HEATING IN THE SOLAR WIND VIA TURBULENCE AND ION CYCLOTRON RESONANCE

    SciTech Connect

    Cranmer, Steven R.

    2014-07-01

    Protons in the solar corona and heliosphere exhibit anisotropic velocity distributions, violation of magnetic moment conservation, and a general lack of thermal equilibrium with the other particle species. There is no agreement about the identity of the physical processes that energize non-Maxwellian protons in the solar wind, but a traditional favorite has been the dissipation of ion cyclotron resonant Alfvén waves. This paper presents kinetic models of how ion cyclotron waves heat protons on their journey from the corona to interplanetary space. It also derives a wide range of new solutions for the relevant dispersion relations, marginal stability boundaries, and nonresonant velocity-space diffusion rates. A phenomenological model containing both cyclotron damping and turbulent cascade is constructed to explain the suppression of proton heating at low alpha-proton differential flow speeds. These effects are implemented in a large-scale model of proton thermal evolution from the corona to 1 AU. A Monte Carlo ensemble of realistic wind speeds, densities, magnetic field strengths, and heating rates produces a filled region of parameter space (in a plane described by the parallel plasma beta and the proton temperature anisotropy ratio) similar to what is measured. The high-beta edges of this filled region are governed by plasma instabilities and strong heating rates. The low-beta edges correspond to weaker proton heating and a range of relative contributions from cyclotron resonance. On balance, the models are consistent with other studies that find only a small fraction of the turbulent power spectrum needs to consist of ion cyclotron waves.

  16. "Hanford: A Conversation About Nuclear Waste and Cleanup"

    SciTech Connect

    Gephart, Roy E.

    2003-05-10

    In ''Hanford: A Conversation about Nuclear Waste and Cleanup'', Roy Gephart takes us on a journey through a world of facts, values, conflicts, and choices facing the most complex environmental cleanup project in the United States, the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. Starting with the top-secret Manhattan Project, Hanford was used to create tons of plutonium for nuclear weapons. Hundreds of tons of waste remain. In an easy-to-read, illustrated text, Gephart crafts the story of Hanford becoming the world's first nuclear weapons site to release large amounts of contaminants into the environment. This was at a time when radiation biology was in its infancy, industry practiced unbridled waste dumping, and the public trusted what it was told. The plutonium market stalled with the end of the Cold War. Public accountability and environmental compliance ushered in a new cleanup mission. Today, Hanford is driven by remediation choices whose outcomes remain uncertain. It's a story whose epilogue will be written by future generations. This book is an information resource, written for the general reader as well as the technically trained person wanting an overview of Hanford and cleanup issues facing the nuclear weapons complex. Each chapter is a topical mini-series. It's an idea guide that encourages readers to be informed consumers of Hanford news, to recognize that knowledge, high ethical standards, and social values are at the heart of coping with Hanford's past and charting its future. Hanford history is a window into many environmental conflicts facing our nation; it's about building upon success and learning from failure. And therein lies a key lesson, when powerful interests are involved, no generation is above pretense. Roy E. Gephart is a geohydrologist and senior program manager at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington. He has 30 years experience in environmental studies and the nuclear waste industry.

  17. INNER HELIOSPHERIC FLUX ROPE EVOLUTION VIA IMAGING OF CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS

    SciTech Connect

    Howard, T. A.; DeForest, C. E.

    2012-02-10

    Understanding the evolution of flux ropes in coronal mass ejections (CMEs) is of importance both to the scientific and technological communities. Scientifically their presence is critical to models describing CME launch and they likely play a role in CME evolution. Technologically they are the major contributor to severe geomagnetic storms. Using a new processing technique on the STEREO/SECCHI heliospheric imaging data, we have tracked a magnetic flux rope observed by the Wind spacecraft in December 2008 to its origins observed by coronagraphs. We thereby establish that the cavity in the classic three-part coronagraph CME is the feature that becomes the magnetic cloud. This implies that the bright material ahead of the cavity is piled-up coronal or solar wind material. We track the evolution of the cavity en-route and find that its structure transforms from concave inward (curving away from the Sun) to concave outward (toward the Sun) around 0.065 AU from the Sun. The pileup was tracked and its leading edge remained concave inward throughout its journey. Two other CMEs in January 2009 are also inspected and a similar cavity is observed in each, suggesting that they too each contained a flux rope. The results presented here are the first direct observation, through continuous tracking, associating a particular flux rope observed in situ with the same flux rope before ejection from the corona. We speculate that detailed heliospheric imagery of CMEs may lead to a means by which flux ropes can be identified remotely in the heliosphere.

  18. The COS/UVES absorption survey of the Magellanic stream. III. Ionization, total mass, and inflow rate onto the Milky Way

    SciTech Connect

    Fox, Andrew J.; Thom, Christopher; Tumlinson, Jason; Ely, Justin; Kumari, Nimisha [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Wakker, Bart P.; Hernandez, Audra K.; Haffner, L. Matthew [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Barger, Kathleen A.; Lehner, Nicolas; Howk, J. Christopher [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Richter, Philipp [Institut fr Physik und Astronomie, Universitt Potsdam, Haus 28, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24/25, D-14476, Potsdam (Germany); Bland-Hawthorn, Joss [Institute of Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Charlton, Jane C. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Westmeier, Tobias [ICRAR, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Misawa, Toru [School of General Education, Shinshu University, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621 (Japan); Rodriguez-Hidalgo, Paola, E-mail: afox@stsci.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 (Canada)

    2014-06-01

    Dynamic interactions between the two Magellanic Clouds have flung large quantities of gas into the halo of the Milky Way. The result is a spectacular arrangement of gaseous structures, including the Magellanic Stream, the Magellanic Bridge, and the Leading Arm (collectively referred to as the Magellanic System). In this third paper of a series studying the Magellanic gas in absorption, we analyze the gas ionization level using a sample of 69 Hubble Space Telescope/Cosmic Origins Spectrograph sightlines that pass through or within 30 of the 21 cm emitting regions. We find that 81% (56/69) of the sightlines show UV absorption at Magellanic velocities, indicating that the total cross-section of the Magellanic System is ?11,000 deg{sup 2}, or around one-quarter of the entire sky. Using observations of the Si III/Si II ratio together with Cloudy photoionization modeling, we calculate the total gas mass (atomic plus ionized) of the Magellanic System to be ?2.0 10{sup 9} M {sub ?} (d/55 kpc){sup 2}, with the ionized gas contributing around three times as much mass as the atomic gas. This is larger than the current-day interstellar H I mass of both Magellanic Clouds combined, indicating that they have lost most of their initial gas mass. If the gas in the Magellanic System survives to reach the Galactic disk over its inflow time of ?0.5-1.0 Gyr, it will represent an average inflow rate of ?3.7-6.7 M {sub ?} yr{sup 1}, potentially raising the Galactic star formation rate. However, multiple signs of an evaporative interaction with the hot Galactic corona indicate that the Magellanic gas may not survive its journey to the disk fully intact and will instead add material to (and cool) the corona.

  19. Boosting Big National Lab Data

    SciTech Connect

    Kleese van Dam, Kerstin

    2013-02-21

    Introduction: Big data. Love it or hate it, solving the worlds most intractable problems requires the ability to make sense of huge and complex sets of data and do it quickly. Speeding up the process from hours to minutes or from weeks to days is key to our success. One major source of such big data are physical experiments. As many will know, these physical experiments are commonly used to solve challenges in fields such as energy security, manufacturing, medicine, pharmacology, environmental protection and national security. Experiments use different instruments and sensor types to research for example the validity of new drugs, the base cause for diseases, more efficient energy sources, new materials for every day goods, effective methods for environmental cleanup, the optimal ingredients composition for chocolate or determine how to preserve valuable antics. This is done by experimentally determining the structure, properties and processes that govern biological systems, chemical processes and materials. The speed and quality at which we can acquire new insights from experiments directly influences the rate of scientific progress, industrial innovation and competitiveness. And gaining new groundbreaking insights, faster, is key to the economic success of our nations. Recent years have seen incredible advances in sensor technologies, from house size detector systems in large experiments such as the Large Hadron Collider and the Eye of Gaia billion pixel camera detector to high throughput genome sequencing. These developments have led to an exponential increase in data volumes, rates and variety produced by instruments used for experimental work. This increase is coinciding with a need to analyze the experimental results at the time they are collected. This speed is required to optimize the data taking and quality, and also to enable new adaptive experiments, where the sample is manipulated as it is observed, e.g. a substance is injected into a tissue

  20. Inexpensive CO2 Thickening Agents for Improved Mobility Control of CO2 Floods

    SciTech Connect

    Robert Enick; Eric Beckman; Andrew Hamilton

    2005-08-31

    The objective of this research was the design, synthesis and evaluation of inexpensive, non-fluorous carbon dioxide thickening agents. We followed the same strategy employed in the design of fluorinated CO{sub 2} polymeric thickeners. First, a highly CO{sub 2}-philic, hydrocarbon-based monomer was to be identified. Polymers or oligomers of this monomer were then synthesized. The second step was to design a CO{sub 2}-thickener based on these CO{sub 2}-philic polymers. Two types of thickeners were considered. The first was a copolymer in which the CO{sub 2}-philic monomer was combined with a small proportion of CO{sub 2}-phobic associating groups that could cause viscosity-enhancing intermolecular interactions to occur. The second was a small hydrogen-bonding compound with urea groups in the core to promote intermolecular interactions that would cause the molecules to 'stack' in solution while the arms were composed of the CO{sub 2}-philic oligomers. Although we were not able to develop a viable thickener that exhibited high enough CO{sub 2} solubility at EOR MMP conditions to induce a viscosity increase, we made significant progress in our understanding of CO{sub 2}-soluble compounds that can be used in subsequent studies to design CO{sub 2}-soluble thickeners or CO{sub 2}-soluble surfactant-based foaming agents. These findings are detailed in this final report. In summary, we assessed many polymers and verified that the most CO{sub 2}-soluble oxygenated hydrocarbon polymer is poly(vinyl acetate), PVAc. This is primarily due to the presence of both ether and carbonyl oxygens associated with acetate-rich compounds. In addition to polymers, we also made small acetate-rich molecules that were also capable of associating in solution via the inclusion of hydrogen-bonding groups in hopes of forming viscosity-enhancing macromolecules. Despite the presence of multiple acetate groups in these compounds, which can impart incredible CO{sub 2}-solubility to many compounds, our

  1. Hanford Technology Development (Tank Farms) - 12509

    SciTech Connect

    Fletcher, Thomas; Charboneau, Stacy; Olds, Erik

    2012-07-01

    soil between the ground surface and the water table 200-to-300 feet below. The project tracks and monitors contamination in the soil. Technologies are being developed and deployed to detect and monitor contaminants. Interim surface barriers, which are barriers put over the single-shell tanks, prevent rain and snow from soaking into the ground and spreading contamination. The impermeable barrier placed over T Farm, which was the site of the largest tank waste leak in Hanford's history, is 60,000 square feet and sloped to drain moisture outside the tank farm. The barrier over TY Farm is constructed of asphalt and drains moisture to a nearby evaporation basin. Our discussion of technology will address the incredible challenge of removing waste from Hanford's single-shell tanks. Under the terms of the Tri-Party Agreement, ORP is required to remove 99 percent of the tank waste, or until the limits of technology have been reached. All pumpable liquids have been removed from the single-shell tanks, and work now focuses on removing the non-pumpable liquids. Waste retrieval was completed from the first single-shell tank in late 2003. Since then, another six single-shell tanks have been retrieved to regulatory standards. (authors)

  2. SciDAC's Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Semiannual Progress Report October 1, 2010 through March 31, 2011

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, Dean N.

    2011-04-02

    Laboratory (ORNL), Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)/NOAA, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), and University of Southern California, Information Sciences Institute (USC/ISI). All ESG-CET work is accomplished under DOE open-source guidelines and in close collaboration with the project's stakeholders, domain researchers, and scientists. Through the ESG project, the ESG-CET team has developed and delivered a production environment for climate data from multiple climate model sources (e.g., CMIP (IPCC), CESM, ocean model data (e.g., Parallel Ocean Program), observation data (e.g., Atmospheric Infrared Sounder, Microwave Limb Sounder), and analysis and visualization tools) that serves a worldwide climate research community. Data holdings are distributed across multiple sites including LANL, LBNL, LLNL, NCAR, and ORNL as well as unfunded partners sites such as the Australian National University (ANU) National Computational Infrastructure (NCI), the British Atmospheric Data Center (BADC), the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA, the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M), the German Climate Computing Centre (DKRZ), and NASA/JPL. As we transition from development activities to production and operations, the ESG-CET team is tasked with making data available to all users who want to understand it, process it, extract value from it, visualize it, and/or communicate it to others. This ongoing effort is extremely large and complex, but it will be incredibly valuable for building 'science gateways' to critical climate resources (such as CESM, CMIP5, ARM, NARCCAP, Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), etc.) for processing the next IPCC assessment report. Continued ESG progress will result in a production-scale system that will empower scientists to attempt new and exciting data exchanges, which could ultimately lead to breakthrough climate science discoveries.

  3. Multi-Phased, Post-Accident Support of the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Plant - 12246

    SciTech Connect

    Gay, Arnaud; Gillet, Philippe; Ytournel, Bertrand; Varet, Thierry; David, Laurent; Prevost, Thierry; Redonnet, Carol; Piot, Gregoire; Jouaville, Stephane; Pagis, Georges

    2012-07-01

    In the wake of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami and the subsequent flooding of several of the Fukushima Dai-Ichi reactors, Japan and the Japanese utility TEPCO faced a crisis situation with incredible challenges: substantial amounts of radioactive mixed seawater and freshwater accumulated in the basements of four reactor and other buildings on the site. This water held varying levels of contamination due to the fact that it had been in contact with damaged fuel elements in the cores and with other contaminated components. The overall water inventory was estimated at around 110,000 tons of water with contamination levels up to the order of 1 Ci/l. Time was of the essence to avoid overflow of this accumulated water into the ocean. AREVA proposed, designed and implemented a water treatment solution using a proven chemical coprecipitation process with ppFeNi reagent, which is currently in use for effluent treatment on several nuclear sites including AREVA sites. In addition to the extremely short schedule the other challenge was to adapt the chemical treatment process to the expected composition of the Fukushima water and, in particular, to evaluate the impact of salinity on process performance. It was also necessary to define operating conditions for the VEOLIA equipment that had been selected for implementation of the process in the future facility. The operation phase began on June 17, and by the end of July more than 30,000 tons of highly radioactive saltwater had been decontaminated - the Decontamination Factor (DF) for Cesium was ∼10{sup 4}. It allowed recycling the contaminated water to cool the reactors while protecting workers and the environment. This paper focuses on the Actiflo{sup TM}-Rad water treatment unit project that was part of the TEPCO general water treatment scheme. It presents a detailed look at the principles of the Actiflo{sup TM}-Rad, related on-the-fly R and D, an explanation of system implementation challenges, and a brief summary of

  4. Science for Society Workshop Summary Report

    SciTech Connect

    Wolfe, Amy K; Bjornstad, David J; Lenhardt, W Christopher; Shumpert, Barry L; Wang, Stephanie

    2012-02-01

    Science for Society, a workshop held at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on September 27, 20111, explored ways to move Laboratory science toward use. It sought actionable recommendations. Thus the workshop focused on: (1) current practices that promote and inhibit the translation of science into use, (2) principles that could lead to improving ORNL's translational knowledge and technology transfer efforts, and (3) specific recommendations for making these principles operational. This highly interactive workshop struck a positive chord with participants, a group of 26 ORNL staff members from diverse arenas of science and technology (S and T), technology transfer, and external laboratory relations, who represented all levels of science, technology, and management. Recognizing that the transformation of fundamental principles into operational practices often follows a jagged path, the workshop sought to identify key choices that could lead to a smoother journey along this path, as well as choices that created roadblocks and bottlenecks. The workshop emphasized a portion of this pathway, largely excluding the marketplace. Participants noted that research translation includes linkages between fundamental and applied research and development (R and D), and is not restricted to uptake by manufacturers, consumers, or end users. Three crosscutting ideas encapsulate workshop participants observations: (1) ORNL should take more action to usher the translation of its S and T products toward use, so as to make a positive national and global impact and to enhance its own competitiveness in the future; (2) ORNL (and external entities such as DOE and Congress) conveys inconsistent messages with regard to the importance of research translation and application, which (a) creates confusion, (b) poses disincentives to pursue research translation, (c) imposes barriers that inhibit cross-fertilization and collaboration, and (d) diminishes the effectiveness of both the science

  5. Full quantum mechanical analysis of atomic three-grating Mach–Zehnder interferometry

    SciTech Connect

    Sanz, A.S.; Davidović, M.; Božić, M.

    2015-02-15

    Atomic three-grating Mach–Zehnder interferometry constitutes an important tool to probe fundamental aspects of the quantum theory. There is, however, a remarkable gap in the literature between the oversimplified models and robust numerical simulations considered to describe the corresponding experiments. Consequently, the former usually lead to paradoxical scenarios, such as the wave–particle dual behavior of atoms, while the latter make difficult the data analysis in simple terms. Here these issues are tackled by means of a simple grating working model consisting of evenly-spaced Gaussian slits. As is shown, this model suffices to explore and explain such experiments both analytically and numerically, giving a good account of the full atomic journey inside the interferometer, and hence contributing to make less mystic the physics involved. More specifically, it provides a clear and unambiguous picture of the wavefront splitting that takes place inside the interferometer, illustrating how the momentum along each emerging diffraction order is well defined even though the wave function itself still displays a rather complex shape. To this end, the local transverse momentum is also introduced in this context as a reliable analytical tool. The splitting, apart from being a key issue to understand atomic Mach–Zehnder interferometry, also demonstrates at a fundamental level how wave and particle aspects are always present in the experiment, without incurring in any contradiction or interpretive paradox. On the other hand, at a practical level, the generality and versatility of the model and methodology presented, makes them suitable to attack analogous problems in a simple manner after a convenient tuning. - Highlights: • A simple model is proposed to analyze experiments based on atomic Mach–Zehnder interferometry. • The model can be easily handled both analytically and computationally. • A theoretical analysis based on the combination of the position and

  6. Determination of Swimming Speeds and Energetic Demands of Upriver Migrating Fall Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Klickitat River, Washington

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Richard S.; Geist, David R.

    2002-07-01

    This report describes a field study by PNNL for Bonneville Power Administration in fall 2001 to study the migration and energy use of adult fall chinook salmon traveling up the Klickitat River to spawn. The salmon were tagged with surgically implanted electromyogram transmitters or gastrically implanted coded transmitters. Swim speed and aerobic and anaerobic energy use were determined for the fish as they attempted to pass three waterfalls on the lower Klickitat and as they traversed free-flowing stretches between and below the falls. Of the 35 EMG-tagged fish released near the mouth of the Klickitat, 40% passed the first falls, 36% passed the second falls, and 20% reached Lyle Falls but were unable to leap over. Mean swimming speeds ranged from as low as 52.6 cm/sec between falls to as high as 158.1 cm/sec at falls passage. Fish exhibited a higher percentage of occurrences of burst swimming while passing the falls than while between falls (58.9% versus 1.7%). However, fish expended more energy swimming the stretches between the falls than during actual falls passage (52.3-236.2 kcals versus 0.3-1.1 kcals). Male-female and day-night differences in falls passage success were noted. PNNL also examined energy costs and swimming speeds for fish released above Lyle Falls as they migrated to upstream spawning areas. This journey averaged 15.93 days at a mean rate of 2.36 km/day to travel a mean maximum of 37.6 km upstream at a total energy cost of approx 4,492 kcals (32% anaerobic/68% aerobic). When the salmon have expended the estimated 968 kcals needed to get through Bonneville Dam and the three falls on the Lower Klickitat, plus this 4,492 kcals to reach the spawning grounds, they are left with approximately 8 to 12% (480 to 742 kcals) of their energy reserves for spawning. A delay of 4 to 7 days along the lower Klickitat River could deplete their remaining energy reserves (at a rate of about 103 kcals/day), resulting in death before spawning would occur.

  7. Separations and Actinide Science -- 2005 Roadmap

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2005-09-01

    The Separations and Actinide Science Roadmap presents a vision to establish a separations and actinide science research (SASR) base composed of people, facilities, and collaborations and provides new and innovative nuclear fuel cycle solutions to nuclear technology issues that preclude nuclear proliferation. This enabling science base will play a key role in ensuring that Idaho National Laboratory (INL) achieves its long-term vision of revitalizing nuclear energy by providing needed technologies to ensure our nation's energy sustainability and security. To that end, this roadmap suggests a 10-year journey to build a strong SASR technical capability with a clear mission to support nuclear technology development. If nuclear technology is to be used to satisfy the expected growth in U.S. electrical energy demand, the once-through fuel cycle currently in use should be reconsidered. Although the once-through fuel cycle is cost-effective and uranium is inexpensive, a once-through fuel cycle requires long-term disposal to protect the environment and public from long-lived radioactive species. The lack of a current disposal option (i.e., a licensed repository) has resulted in accumulation of more than 50,000 metric tons of spent nuclear fuel. The process required to transition the current once-through fuel cycle to full-recycle will require considerable time and significant technical advancement. INL's extensive expertise in aqueous separations will be used to develop advanced separations processes. Computational chemistry will be expanded to support development of future processing options. In the intermediate stage of this transition, reprocessing options will be deployed, waste forms with higher loading densities and greater stability will be developed, and transmutation of long-lived fission products will be explored. SASR will support these activities using its actinide science and aqueous separations expertise. In the final stage, full recycle will be enabled by

  8. A Perspective on Long-Term Recovery Following the Fukushima Nuclear Accident - 12075

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, S.Y.

    2012-07-01

    ) government policies, among others. This paper offers a perspective on this likely long and arduous journey toward establishing a 'new normal' that will ultimately take shape. Toward this end, it is important to evaluate the 'optimization' process advocated by the international community in achieving long-term recovery from this particularly fateful event in Fukushima. In the process, experience and lessons learned from past events will be fully evaluated and considered. (author)

  9. NSLS 2009 Activity Report

    SciTech Connect

    Nasta K.; Mona R.

    2009-05-01

    2009 was an incredibly exciting year for light sources at Brookhaven. The National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) hosted more than 2,200 visiting researchers, who, along with the about 50 members of our scientific staff, produced a total of 957 publications - about 20 percent of which appeared in premier journals. Covering topics ranging from Alzheimer's disease detection to ethanol-powered fuel cells, a sampling of these findings can be found in this Activity Report. We've also seen the resurfacing of some of our long-time users hard work. I was very proud to hear that two of the three recipients of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry have ties to the NSLS. Venki Ramakrishnan, a former employee in Brookhaven's biology department and long-time user of the NSLS, now at Cambridge University, and Thomas A. Steitz of Yale University, also a long-time NSLS user, shared the prize with Ada E. Yonath of the Weizmann Institute of Science for their work on the structure and function of the ribosome. In the late 1990s, Ramakrishnan and Steitz used protein crystallography at the NSLS to gather atomic-level images of two ribosome subunits: 30S (Ramakrishnan) and 50S (Steitz). Both laureates solved the high-resolution structures for these subunits based on this data. After struggling with a rough budget for several years, we received excellent funding, and then some, this year. In addition to NSLS operations funding, we received $3 million in funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). We used that additional money for two exciting projects: construction of a full-field x-ray microscope and acquisition of several advanced x-ray detectors. The x-ray microscope will be able to image objects with a targeted spatial resolution of 30 nanometers. This capability will be particularly important for new initiatives in energy research and will prepare our users for the projected 1-nanometer resolution benchmark at the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II). The

  10. New Carbon-Based Porous Materials with Increased Heats of Adsorption for Hydrogen Storage

    SciTech Connect

    Snurr, Randall Q.; Hupp, Joseph T.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.; Nguyen, SonBinh T.

    2014-11-03

    Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are a promising alternative to internal combustion engines that burn gasoline. A significant challenge in developing fuel cell vehicles is to store enough hydrogen on-board to allow the same driving range as current vehicles. One option for storing hydrogen on vehicles is to use tanks filled with porous materials that act as “sponges” to take up large quantities of hydrogen without the need for extremely high pressures. The materials must meet many requirements to make this possible. This project aimed to develop two related classes of porous materials to meet these requirements. All materials were synthesized from molecular constituents in a building-block approach, which allows for the creation of an incredibly wide variety of materials in a tailorable fashion. The materials have extremely high surface areas, to provide many locations for hydrogen to adsorb. In addition, they were designed to contain cations that create large electric fields to bind hydrogen strongly but not too strongly. Molecular modeling played a key role as a guide to experiment throughout the project. A major accomplishment of the project was the development of a material with record hydrogen uptake at cryogenic temperatures. Although the ultimate goal was materials that adsorb large quantities of hydrogen at room temperature, this achievement at cryogenic temperatures is an important step in the right direction. In addition, there is significant interest in applications at these temperatures. The hydrogen uptake, measured independently at NREL was 8.0 wt %. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest validated excess hydrogen uptake reported to date at 77 K. This material was originally sketched on paper based on a hypothesis that extended framework struts would yield materials with excellent hydrogen storage properties. However, before starting the synthesis, we used molecular modeling to assess the performance of the material for hydrogen uptake

  11. PLUTONIUM FINISHING PLANT (PFP) 241-Z LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY DEACTIVATION AND DEMOLITION

    SciTech Connect

    JOHNSTON GA

    2008-01-15

    project completed TPA Milestone M-083-032 to 'Complete those activities required by the 241-Z Treatment and Storage Unit's RCRA Closure Plan' four years and seven months ahead of this legally enforceable milestone. In addition, the project completed TPA Milestone M-083-042 to 'Complete transition and dismantlement of the 241-2 Waste Treatment Facility' four years and four months ahead of schedule. The project used an innovative approach in developing the project-specific RCRA closure plan to assure clear integration between the 241-Z RCRA closure activities and ongoing and future CERCLA actions at PFP. This approach provided a regulatory mechanism within the RCRA closure plan to place segments of the closure that were not practical to address at this time into future actions under CERCLA. Lessons learned from th is approach can be applied to other closure projects within the DOE Complex to control scope creep and mitigate risk. A paper on this topic, entitled 'Integration of the 241-Z Building D and D Under CERCLA with RCRA Closure at the PFP', was presented at the 2007 Waste Management Conference in Tucson, Arizona. In addition, techniques developed by the 241-Z D&D Project to control airborne contamination, clean the interior of the waste tanks, don and doff protective equipment, size-reduce plutonium-contaminated process piping, and mitigate thermal stress for the workers can be applied to other cleanup activities. The project-management team developed a strategy utilizing early characterization, targeted cleanup, and close coordination with PFP Criticality Engineering to significantly streamline the waste- handling costs associated with the project . The project schedule was structured to support an early transition to a criticality 'incredible' status for the 241-Z Facility. The cleanup work was sequenced and coordinated with project-specific criticality analysis to allow the fissile material waste being generated to be managed in a bulk fashion, instead of

  12. Determination of Swimming Speeds and Energetic Demands of Upriver Migrating Fall Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus Tshawytscha) in the Klickitat River, Washington.

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Richard S.; Geist, David R.; Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington

    2002-08-30

    waterfalls than males. The study also examined energy costs and swimming speeds for fish released above Lyle Falls as they migrated to upstream spawning areas. This journey averaged 15.93 days to travel a mean maximum of 37.6 km upstream at a total energy cost of approx 3,971 kcals (34% anaerobic and 66% aerobic) for a sample of five fish. A bioenergetics example was run, which estimated that fall chinook salmon would expend an estimated 1,208 kcal to pass from the mouth of the Columbia River to Bonneville Dam and 874 kcals to pass Bonneville Dam and pool and the three falls on the Lower Klickitat River, plus an additional 2,770 kcals above the falls to reach the spawning grounds, leaving them with approximately 18% (1,089 kcals) of their original energy reserves for spawning. Results of the bioenergetics example suggest that a delay of 9 to 11 days along the lower Klickitat River may deplete their remaining energy reserves (at a rate of about 105 kcal d{sup -1}) resulting in death before spawning would occur.

  13. Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Birman, Kenneth; Ganesh, Lakshmi; Renessee, Robbert van; Ferris, Michael; Hofmann, Andreas; Williams, Brian; Sztipanovits, Janos; Hemingway, Graham; University, Vanderbilt; Bose, Anjan; Stivastava, Anurag; Grijalva, Santiago; Grijalva, Santiago; Ryan, Sarah M.; McCalley, James D.; Woodruff, David L.; Xiong, Jinjun; Acar, Emrah; Agrawal, Bhavna; Conn, Andrew R.; Ditlow, Gary; Feldmann, Peter; Finkler, Ulrich; Gaucher, Brian; Gupta, Anshul; Heng, Fook-Luen; Kalagnanam, Jayant R; Koc, Ali; Kung, David; Phan, Dung; Singhee, Amith; Smith, Basil

    2011-10-05

    The April 2011 DOE workshop, 'Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid', was the culmination of a year-long process to bring together some of the Nation's leading researchers and experts to identify computational challenges associated with the operation and planning of the electric power system. The attached papers provide a journey into these experts' insights, highlighting a class of mathematical and computational problems relevant for potential power systems research. While each paper defines a specific problem area, there were several recurrent themes. First, the breadth and depth of power system data has expanded tremendously over the past decade. This provides the potential for new control approaches and operator tools that can enhance system efficiencies and improve reliability. However, the large volume of data poses its own challenges, and could benefit from application of advances in computer networking and architecture, as well as data base structures. Second, the computational complexity of the underlying system problems is growing. Transmitting electricity from clean, domestic energy resources in remote regions to urban consumers, for example, requires broader, regional planning over multi-decade time horizons. Yet, it may also mean operational focus on local solutions and shorter timescales, as reactive power and system dynamics (including fast switching and controls) play an increasingly critical role in achieving stability and ultimately reliability. The expected growth in reliance on variable renewable sources of electricity generation places an exclamation point on both of these observations, and highlights the need for new focus in areas such as stochastic optimization to accommodate the increased uncertainty that is occurring in both planning and operations. Application of research advances in algorithms (especially related to optimization techniques and uncertainty quantification) could accelerate power system software tool