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  1. IL FS Ecosmart Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Services Product: IL&FS Ecosmart Ltd., a subsidiary of the Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS) Group, provides environmental services. References: IL&FS...

  2. IL Wted States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Tis&: p/WI-3 . IL Wted States Government ' 1, -1. \ k. 4 4L La. -iF 1 I ' __, 7, Department of Energy memorandum <jj ' 5 - ; +- ,I 12 ~ DATE: OCT 08 1992 REPLY TO AlTN OF: EM-421 (W. A. Williams, 903-8149) rn. I \ SUBJECT: Authorization for Remedial Action at the Former C. H. Schnoor & Company Site, Springdale, Pennsylvania TO: Manager, DOE Oak Ridge Field Office This is to notify you that the former C. H. Schnoor & Company facility in Springdale, Pennsylvania, is designated for

  3. US ENC IL Site Consumption

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    IL Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US ENC IL Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US ENC IL Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US ENC IL Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Illinois households use 129 million Btu of energy per home, 44% more than the U.S. average. * High consumption, combined with low costs for heating fuels

  4. Category:Chicago, IL | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    74 KB SVHospital Chicago IL Commonwealth Edison Co.png SVHospital Chicago IL ... 68 KB SVLargeHotel Chicago IL Commonwealth Edison Co.png SVLargeHotel Chicago I... 75 KB...

  5. US ENC IL Site Consumption

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... Yes Yes No No 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% US IL No Car CAR IS PARKED WITHIN 20 FT OF ELECTRICAL OUTLET More highlights from RECS on housing characteristics and energy-related ...

  6. Category:Springfield, IL | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Springfield IL Commonwealth Edison Co.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 75 KB SVFullServiceRestaurant Springfield IL Commonwealth Edison Co.png...

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chicago North IL Site - IL 05

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    North IL Site - IL 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Chicago North, IL Alternate Name(s): National Guard Armory 124th Field Artillery Armory Illinois National Guard Armory Site IL.05-4 IL.05-5 Location: 5200 Cottage Grove Avenue, Chicago, Illinois IL.05-4 Historical Operations: Processed and stored uranium metal, resulting in uranium metal and dry uranium oxide contamination. Metallurgical operations were conducted by the University of Chicago, an MED contractor. IL.05-5 IL.05-7 IL.05-8 Eligibility

  8. Characterization of interleukin-15 (IL-15) and the IL-15 receptor complex

    SciTech Connect

    Kennedy, M.K.; Park, L.S.

    1996-05-01

    IL-15 interacts with a heterotrimeric receptor that consists of the {beta} and {gamma} subunits of the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) as well as a specific, high-affinity IL-15-binding subunit, which is designated IL-15R{alpha}. Since both the {beta} and the {gamma} subunits of the IL-2R are required for signaling by either IL-2 or IL-15, it is not surprising that these cytokines share many activities in vitro. However, the differential expression of these cytokines and the {alpha} chains of their receptors within various tissues and cell types suggests that IL-2 and IL-15 may perform at least partially distinct physiological functions. The production of IL-15 by macrophages, and possibly other cell types, in response to environmental stimuli and infectious agents suggests that IL-15 may play a role in protective immune responses, allograft rejection, and the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. 56 refs.

  9. IL

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    T1e rez;;' 3-' :s Of ain: dust soa.es fakxl dcrriq tile ;27- ,..:rc?ti:m (see TnbXe I) ... %EELE & SI' BBpI,'

  10. IL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power ...

  11. Structural and Biophysical Studies of the Human IL-7/IL-7R[alpha] Complex

    SciTech Connect

    McElroy, Craig A.; Dohm, Julie A.; Walsh, Scott T.R.; (OSU); (UPENN)

    2009-03-06

    IL-7 and IL-7R{alpha} bind the {gamma}{sub c} receptor, forming a complex crucial to several signaling cascades leading to the development and homeostasis of T and B cells. We report that the IL-7R{alpha} ectodomain uses glycosylation to modulate its binding constants to IL-7, unlike the other receptors in the {gamma}{sub c} family. IL-7 binds glycosylated IL-7R{alpha} 300-fold more tightly than unglycosylated IL-7R{alpha}, and the enhanced affinity is attributed primarily to an accelerated on rate. Structural comparison of IL-7 in complex to both forms of IL-7R{alpha} reveals that glycosylation does not participate directly in the binding interface. The SCID mutations of IL-7R{alpha} locate outside the binding interface with IL-7, suggesting that the expressed mutations cause protein folding defects in IL-7R{alpha}. The IL-7/IL-7R{alpha} structures provide a window into the molecular recognition events of the IL-7 signaling cascade and provide sites to target for designing new therapeutics to treat IL-7-related diseases.

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Granite City IL Site - IL 28

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Granite City IL Site - IL 28 FUSRAP Considered Sites Granite City, IL Alternate Name(s): Granite City Steel General Steel Industries General Steel Casings Corporation New Betatron Building IL.28-3 Location: 1417 State Street, Granite City, Illinois IL.28-3 Historical Operations: Under subcontract with Mallinckrodt and using a government-owned Betatron (magnetic induction electron accelerator), x-rayed natural uranium ingots and dingots to detect metallurgical flaws. Contamination from rubbing

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sciaky Brothers Inc - IL...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    , Chicago , Illinois IL.0-06-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 IL.0-06-2 Site Operations: One time operation involving stitch welding of uranium in 1953. IL.0-06-1 IL.0-06-2 Site...

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Madison - IL 26

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Madison - IL 26 FUSRAP Considered Sites Madison, IL Alternate Name(s): Spectrulite Consortium, Inc. Former Dow Chemical Company Site IL.26-3 IL.26-4 Location: Intersection of College and Weaver Streets, Madison, Illinois IL.26-4 Historical Operations: Conducted experimental work in natural uranium metal extrusion. IL.26-4 IL.26-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible IL.26-1 IL.26-2 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Survey, Verification Survey IL.26-4 LTSM00011565 LTSM00013029 LTSM00011563 Site

  15. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Vapofier Corp - IL 25

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Alternate Name: Therm-A-Shield Co. IL.25-1 Location: 11957 Vincennes Avenue , Blue Island , Illinois IL.25-2 Evaluation Year: 1990 IL.25-1 Site Operations: Vapofier...

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Podbeilniac Corp - IL 22

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to limited scope of activities performed at the site IL.22-2 IL.22-3 IL.22-4 Radioactive Materials ...

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Crane Co - IL 13

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Crane Co - IL 13 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Crane Co. (IL.13 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Chicago ...

  18. Curcumin blocks interleukin (IL)-2 signaling in T-lymphocytes by inhibiting IL-2 synthesis, CD25 expression, and IL-2 receptor signaling

    SciTech Connect

    Forward, Nicholas A.; Conrad, David M.; Power Coombs, Melanie R.; Doucette, Carolyn D.; Furlong, Suzanne J.; Lin, Tong-Jun; Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia ; Hoskin, David W.

    2011-04-22

    Highlights: {yields} Curcumin inhibits CD4{sup +} T-lymphocyte proliferation. {yields} Curcumin inhibits interleukin-2 (IL-2) synthesis and CD25 expression by CD4{sup +} T-lymphocytes. {yields} Curcumin interferes with IL-2 receptor signaling by inhibiting JAK3 and STAT5 phosphorylation. {yields} IL-2-dependent regulatory T-lymphocyte function and Foxp3 expression is downregulated by curcumin. -- Abstract: Curcumin (diferulomethane) is the principal curcuminoid in the spice tumeric and a potent inhibitor of activation-induced T-lymphocyte proliferation; however, the molecular basis of this immunosuppressive effect has not been well studied. Here we show that micromolar concentrations of curcumin inhibited DNA synthesis by mouse CD4{sup +} T-lymphocytes, as well as interleukin-2 (IL-2) and CD25 ({alpha} chain of the high affinity IL-2 receptor) expression in response to antibody-mediated cross-linking of CD3 and CD28. Curcumin acted downstream of protein kinase C activation and intracellular Ca{sup 2+} release to inhibit I{kappa}B phosphorylation, which is required for nuclear translocation of the transcription factor NF{kappa}B. In addition, IL-2-dependent DNA synthesis by mouse CTLL-2 cells, but not constitutive CD25 expression, was impaired in the presence of curcumin, which demonstrated an inhibitory effect on IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) signaling. IL-2-induced phosphorylation of STAT5A and JAK3, but not JAK1, was diminished in the presence of curcumin, indicating inhibition of critical proximal events in IL-2R signaling. In line with the inhibitory action of curcumin on IL-2R signaling, pretreatment of CD4{sup +}CD25{sup +} regulatory T-cells with curcumin downregulated suppressor function, as well as forkhead box p3 (Foxp3) expression. We conclude that curcumin inhibits IL-2 signaling by reducing available IL-2 and high affinity IL-2R, as well as interfering with IL-2R signaling.

  19. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Morse Chemical Co - IL 0...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Morse Chemical Co - IL 0-05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MORSE CHEMICAL CO. (IL.0-05 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: ...

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Blockson Chemical Co - IL...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Blockson Chemical Co - IL 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Blockson Chemical Co. (IL.07) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to US EPA Region V and the State of ...

  1. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rock Island Arsenal - IL...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    to DOD Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Rock Island , Illinois IL.09-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 IL.09-2 Site Operations: Site located on a DOD ...

  2. Secretary Bodman Highlights Advanced Energy Initiative in Peoria, IL |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Advanced Energy Initiative in Peoria, IL Secretary Bodman Highlights Advanced Energy Initiative in Peoria, IL April 6, 2006 - 10:15am Addthis PEORIA, IL - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today highlighted the goals of President Bush's Advanced Energy Initiative after consulting on an energy savings assessment at Caterpillar Inc.'s manufacturing facility in Peoria, Illinois. To answer President Bush's call for Americans to be more energy efficient, the Department of

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Kaiser Aluminum Corp - IL...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to limited scope of activities IL.19-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials ...

  4. Intrathymic radioresistant stem cells follow an IL-2/IL-2R pathway during thymic regeneration after sublethal irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Zuniga-Pfluecker, J.C.K.; Kruisbeek, A.M. )

    1990-05-15

    Sublethally irradiated mice undergo thymic regeneration which follows a phenotypic pattern of events similar to that observed during normal fetal development. Thymic regeneration after irradiation is the product of a limited pool of intrathymic radioresistant stem cells undergoing simultaneous differentiation. We show that in this model of T cell development, thymic regeneration follows a pathway in which the IL-2R is transiently expressed on CD4-/CD8- cells. IL-2R expression occurred during the exponential growth period of thymic regeneration, and IL-2R blocking prevented this explosive growth. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that the IL-2R blockade affected primarily the development of the immature CD3-/CD4-/CD8- (triple negative) cells and their ability to generate CD3+/CD4+/CD8+ or CD3+/CD4+/CD8- and CD3+/CD4-/CD8+ thymocytes. Thus, our findings demonstrate that blocking of the IL-2R resulted in an arrest in proliferation and differentiation by intrathymic radioresistant stem cells, indicating that the IL-2/IL-2R pathway is necessary for the expansion of immature triple negative T cells.

  5. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Heavy Minerals Inc - IL...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    proposal to supply thorium hydroxide to the AEC; no indication that the bid was accepted. ... Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Thorium IL.14-2 Radiological Survey(s): No Site ...

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chicago South IL Site -...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. IL.06-1 - DOE Memorandum; Coffman to LaGrone; Subject: Designation of the University of Chicago ...

  7. Climate Leadership Conference (Chicago, IL) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Climate Leadership Conference (Chicago, IL) Climate Leadership Conference (Chicago, IL) March 1, 2017 9:00AM CST to March 3, 2017 3:30PM CST The annual Climate Leadership Conference convenes a global audience of climate, energy, and sustainability professionals to address climate change. Following the historic Paris agreement, last year's Climate Leadership Conference hosted the nation's sustainability leaders to further accelerate climate solutions and a low-carbon economy. Learn more

  8. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) dependent expression of biologically relevant IL-2 receptors: uncoupling of anti-T3 induced receptor expression with cyclosporin

    SciTech Connect

    Gitter, A.B.D.; Labus, J.M.; Butler, L.D.

    1986-03-01

    Human peripheral blood T cell expression of IL-2 receptors (IL-2R), detected by both immunocytofluorometry and /sup 125/I-IL-2 binding, was studied using lymphocytes stimulated with monoclonal anti-T3 antibodies (Leu-4, OKT3). Lymphocytes, isolated from healthy individuals, were prescreened and classified as Leu-4 responders or non-responders according to 72 h /sup 3/H-thymidine incorporation experiments. Leu-4 non-responder lymphocytes, though capable of normal IL-2R expression and IL-2 secretion when cultured with OKT3 (IgG2a), expressed little to no IL-2R nor secreted IL-2 when stimulated with Leu-4 (IgG1). In addition, the amount of IL-2 secreted by Leu-4 stimulated, Leu-4 responder cells, was one-third- to one-fifth of that detected when OKT3 was used as the stimulant. The addition of recombinant IL-2 (rIL-2) to a Leu-4 stimulated, Leu-4 non-responder lymphocyte culture, resulted in the expression of IL-2R and cellular proliferation, indicating that IL-2 upregulated its biologically relevant receptor. As expected, cyclosporin-A (CSA) inhibited the secretion of IL-2 and subsequent proliferation of Leu-4 stimulated, Leu-4 responder cells. Unexpectedly, however, the expression of IL-2R was also blocked. Exogenous rIL-2 partially reversed the effect of CSA on IL-2R expression and proliferation. The results indicate that IL-2 may provide an additional, required signal for optimal IL-2R expression.

  9. Acidic environment augments FcεRI-mediated production of IL-6 and IL-13 in mast cells

    SciTech Connect

    Kamide, Yosuke; Ishizuka, Tamotsu; Tobo, Masayuki; Tsurumaki, Hiroaki; Aoki, Haruka; Mogi, Chihiro; Nakakura, Takashi; Yatomi, Masakiyo; Ono, Akihiro; Koga, Yasuhiko; Sato, Koichi; Hisada, Takeshi; Dobashi, Kunio; Yamada, Masanobu; Okajima, Fumikazu

    2015-08-28

    Although blood pH is maintained in a narrow range of around pH 7.4 in living organisms, inflammatory loci are characterized by acidic conditions. Mast cells tend to reside close to the surface of the body in areas such as the mucosa and skin where they may be exposed to exogenous acids, and they play an important role in immune responses. However, little is known about the effects of extracellular acidification on the functions of mast cell. Here, we found that extracellular acidification increased the dinitrophenyl-conjugated human serum albumin (DNP-HSA)-induced production of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-13 in MC/9 cells or bone marrow-derived mouse mast cells sensitized with anti-DNP IgE. Extracellular acidification also inhibited migration of MC/9 cells toward DNP-HSA. In addition, acidic pH stimulated antigen-induced activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and protein kinase B (Akt). These findings suggest that extracellular acidification augmented antigen/IgE-induced and FcεRI-mediated production of IL-6 and IL-13 in mast cells, and that this was associated with the enhancement of p38 MAPK and Akt activation. - Highlights: • Antigen-induced IL-6 and IL-13 production was augmented by acidic pH in mast cells. • Acidic pH-induced actions were associated with activation of p38 MAPK and Akt. • Inhibition of p38 MAPK and Akt attenuated cytokine responses to acidic pH. • Acidic pH effects are not attributable to actions of known proton-sensing GPCRs.

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- C-B Tool Products Co - IL...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    C-B Tool Products Co - IL 31 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: C-B Tool Products Co. (IL.31 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name:...

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Hydroblast Corp - IL 0-03

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based on the limited scope of activities at the site IL.0-03-2 IL.0-03-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes ...

  12. Keratinocyte-derived IL-24 plays a role in the positive feedback regulation of epidermal inflammation in response to environmental and endogenous toxic stressors

    SciTech Connect

    Jin, Sun Hee; Choi, Dalwoong; Chun, Young-Jin; Noh, Minsoo

    2014-10-15

    Keratinocytes are the major cellular components of human epidermis and play a key role in the modulating cutaneous inflammation and toxic responses. In human chronic skin diseases, the common skin inflammatory phenotypes like skin barrier disruption and epidermal hyperplasia are manifested in epidermal keratinocytes by interactions with T helper (Th) cells. To find a common gene expression signature of human keratinocytes in chronic skin diseases, we performed a whole genome microarray analysis on normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHKs) treated with IFNγ, IL-4, IL-17A or IL-22, major cytokines from Th1, Th2, Th17 or Th22 cells, respectively. The microarray results showed that the four genes, IL-24, PDZK1IP1, H19 and filaggrin, had common expression profiles in NHKs exposed to Th cell cytokines. In addition, the acute phase pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-1β, IL-6 and TNFα, also change the gene transcriptional profile of IL-24, PDZK1IP1, H19, and filaggrin in NHKs as those of Th cytokines. Therefore, the signature gene set, consisting of IL-24, PDZK1IP1, H19, and filaggrin, provides essential insights for understanding the process of cutaneous inflammation and toxic responses. We demonstrate that environmental toxic stressors, such as chemical irritants and ultraviolet irradiation stimulate the production of IL-24 in NHKs. IL-24 stimulates the JAK1-STAT3 and MAPK pathways in NHKs, and promotes the secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators IL-8, PGE2, and MMP-1. These results suggest that keratinocyte-derived IL-24 participates in the positive feedback regulation of epidermal inflammation in response to both endogenous and environmental toxic stressors. - Highlights: • Cutaneous inflammatory gene signature consists of PDZK1IP1, IL-24, H19 and filaggrin. • Pro-inflammatory cytokines increase IL-24 production in human keratinocytes. • Environmental toxic stressors increase IL-24 production in human keratinocytes. • IL-24 stimulates human keratinocytes to

  13. Structure of the unique SEFIR domain from human interleukin 17 receptor A reveals a composite ligand-binding site containing a conserved α-helix for Act1 binding and IL-17 signaling

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Bing; Liu, Caini; Qian, Wen; Han, Yue; Li, Xiaoxia; Deng, Junpeng

    2014-05-01

    Crystal structure of the SEFIR domain from human IL-17 receptor A provides new insights into IL-17 signaling. Interleukin 17 (IL-17) cytokines play a crucial role in mediating inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. A unique intracellular signaling domain termed SEFIR is found within all IL-17 receptors (IL-17Rs) as well as the key adaptor protein Act1. SEFIR-mediated protein–protein interaction is a crucial step in IL-17 cytokine signaling. Here, the 2.3 Å resolution crystal structure of the SEFIR domain of IL-17RA, the most commonly shared receptor for IL-17 cytokine signaling, is reported. The structure includes the complete SEFIR domain and an additional α-helical C-terminal extension, which pack tightly together to form a compact unit. Structural comparison between the SEFIR domains of IL-17RA and IL-17RB reveals substantial differences in protein topology and folding. The uniquely long insertion between strand βC and helix αC in IL-17RA SEFIR is mostly well ordered, displaying a helix (αCC′{sub ins}) and a flexible loop (CC′). The DD′ loop in the IL-17RA SEFIR structure is much shorter; it rotates nearly 90° with respect to the counterpart in the IL-17RB SEFIR structure and shifts about 12 Å to accommodate the αCC′{sub ins} helix without forming any knots. Helix αC was identified as critical for its interaction with Act1 and IL-17-stimulated gene expression. The data suggest that the heterotypic SEFIR–SEFIR association via helix αC is a conserved and signature mechanism specific for IL-17 signaling. The structure also suggests that the downstream motif of IL-17RA SEFIR together with helix αC could provide a composite ligand-binding surface for recruiting Act1 during IL-17 signaling.

  14. Association study of schizophrenia and IL-2 receptor {beta} chain gene

    SciTech Connect

    Nimgaonkar, V.L.; Yang, Z.W.; Zhang, X.R.; Brar, J.S.

    1995-10-09

    A case-control association study was conducted in Caucasian patients with schizophrenia (DSM-III-R, n = 42) and unaffected controls (n = 47) matched for ethnicity and area of residence. Serum interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) concentrations, as well as a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in the IL-2RP chain gene, were examined in both groups. No significant differences in IL-2R concentrations or in the distribution of the polymorphism were noted. This study does not support an association between schizophrenia and the IL-2RP gene locus, contrary to the suggestive evidence from linkage analysis in multicase families. 17 refs., 2 tabs.

  15. Cell type-specific roles of Jak3 in IL-2-induced proliferative signal transduction

    SciTech Connect

    Fujii, Hodaka . E-mail: hodaka@med.nyu.edu

    2007-03-16

    Binding of interleukin-2 (IL-2) to its specific receptor induces activation of two members of Jak family protein tyrosine kinases, Jak1 and Jak3. An IL-2 receptor (IL-2R)-reconstituted NIH 3T3 fibroblast cell line proliferates in response to IL-2 only when hematopoietic lineage-specific Jak3 is ectopically expressed. However, the mechanism of Jak3-dependent proliferation in the fibroblast cell line is not known. Here, I showed that Jak3 expression is dispensable for IL-2-induced activation of Jak1 and Stat proteins and expression of nuclear proto-oncogenes in the IL-2R-reconstituted fibroblast cell line. Jak3 expression markedly enhanced these IL-2-induced signaling events. In contrast, Jak3 expression was essential for induction of cyclin genes involved in the G1-S transition. These data suggest a critical role of Jak3 in IL-2 signaling in the fibroblast cell line and may provide further insight into the cell type-specific mechanism of cytokine signaling.

  16. Irreversible inhibition of RANK expression as a possible mechanism for IL-3 inhibition of RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis

    SciTech Connect

    Khapli, Shruti M.; Tomar, Geetanjali B.; Barhanpurkar, Amruta P.; Gupta, Navita; Yogesha, S.D.; Pote, Satish T.; Wani, Mohan R.

    2010-09-03

    Research highlights: {yields} IL-3 inhibits receptor activator of NF-{kappa}B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis. {yields} IL-3 inhibits RANKL-induced JNK activation. {yields} IL-3 down-regulates expression of c-Fos and NFATc1 transcription factors. {yields} IL-3 down-regulates RANK expression posttranscriptionally and irreversibly. {yields} IL-3 inhibits in vivo RANK expression. -- Abstract: IL-3, a cytokine secreted by activated T lymphocytes, stimulates the proliferation, differentiation and survival of pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of inhibitory action of IL-3 on osteoclast differentiation. We show here that IL-3 significantly inhibits receptor activator of NF-{kappa}B (RANK) ligand (RANKL)-induced activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). IL-3 down-regulates expression of c-Fos and nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFATc1) transcription factors. In addition, IL-3 down-regulates RANK expression posttranscriptionally in both purified osteoclast precursors and whole bone marrow cells. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of IL-3 on RANK expression was irreversible. Interestingly, IL-3 inhibits in vivo RANK expression in mice. Thus, we provide the first evidence that IL-3 irreversibly inhibits RANK expression that results in inhibition of important signaling molecules induced by RANKL.

  17. Single high-dose irradiation aggravates eosinophil-mediated fibrosis through IL-33 secreted from impaired vessels in the skin compared to fractionated irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Eun-Jung; Kim, Jun Won; Yoo, Hyun; Kwak, Woori; Choi, Won Hoon; Cho, Seoae; Choi, Yu Jeong; Lee, Yoon-Jin; Cho, Jaeho

    2015-08-14

    We have revealed in a porcine skin injury model that eosinophil recruitment was dose-dependently enhanced by a single high-dose irradiation. In this study, we investigated the underlying mechanism of eosinophil-associated skin fibrosis and the effect of high-dose-per-fraction radiation. The dorsal skin of a mini-pig was divided into two sections containing 4-cm{sup 2} fields that were irradiated with 30 Gy in a single fraction or 5 fractions and biopsied regularly over 14 weeks. Eosinophil-related Th2 cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and C–C motif chemokine-11 (CCL11/eotaxin) were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR. RNA-sequencing using 30 Gy-irradiated mouse skin and functional assays in a co-culture system of THP-1 and irradiated-human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were performed to investigate the mechanism of eosinophil-mediated radiation fibrosis. Single high-dose-per-fraction irradiation caused pronounced eosinophil accumulation, increased profibrotic factors collagen and transforming growth factor-β, enhanced production of eosinophil-related cytokines including IL-4, IL-5, CCL11, IL-13, and IL-33, and reduced vessels compared with 5-fraction irradiation. IL-33 notably increased in pig and mouse skin vessels after single high-dose irradiation of 30 Gy, as well as in irradiated HUVECs following 12 Gy. Blocking IL-33 suppressed the migration ability of THP-1 cells and cytokine secretion in a co-culture system of THP-1 cells and irradiated HUVECs. Hence, high-dose-per-fraction irradiation appears to enhance eosinophil-mediated fibrotic responses, and IL-33 may be a key molecule operating in eosinophil-mediated fibrosis in high-dose-per fraction irradiated skin. - Highlights: • Single high-dose irradiation aggravates eosinophil-mediated fibrosis through IL-33. • Vascular endothelial cells damaged by high-dose radiation secrete IL-33. • Blocking IL-33 suppressed migration of inflammatory cells and cytokine secretion. • IL

  18. File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-IL.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    IL.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Illinois Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 463 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 600 pixels. Full...

  19. ORNLIRASA-S9Il9 HEALTH m SAFETY RESEARCH DMSION I Environmental...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    S9Il9 HEALTH m SAFETY RESEARCH DMSION I Environmental Restoration and Waste hlanagement Non-Defense Programs (Activity No. EX 20 20 01 0; ADS317oooO) RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL ...

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Eimco Corp - IL 0-01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    on the limited scope of activities at the site IL.0-01-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Test Quantities of Uranium (Yellow Cake Uranium). ...

  1. IL-33 inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclast formation through the regulation of Blimp-1 and IRF-8 expression

    SciTech Connect

    Kiyomiya, Hiroyasu; Ariyoshi, Wataru; Okinaga, Toshinori; Kaneuji, Takeshi; Mitsugi, Sho; Sakurai, Takuma; Habu, Manabu; Yoshioka, Izumi; Tominaga, Kazuhiro; and others

    2015-05-01

    Interleukin (IL)-33 is a recently discovered proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the IL-1 family. Several studies have reported that IL-33 inhibits osteoclast differentiation. However, the mechanism of IL-33 regulation of osteoclastogenesis remains unclear. In the present study, we examined the effect of IL-33 on osteoclast formation in vitro. IL-33 suppressed osteoclast formation in both mouse bone marrow cells and monocyte/macrophage cell line RAW264.7 cells induced by receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and/or macrophage stimulating factor (M-CSF). IL-33 also inhibited the expression of RANKL-induced nuclear factor of activated T-cell cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1), thereby decreasing the expression of osteoclastogenesis-related marker genes, including Cathepsin K, Osteoclast stimulatory transmembrane protein (Oc-stamp) and Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (Trap). Blockage of IL-33-ST2 binding suppressed the IL-33-mediated inhibition of NFATc1. RANKL-induced B-lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp-1) expression was also suppressed by IL-33, which was followed by the stimulation of anti-osteoclastic genes such as interferon regulatory factor-8 (IRF-8). These results suggest that IL-33-ST2 interactions down-regulate both RANKL-induced NFATc1 activation and osteoclast differentiation via the regulation of Blimp-1 and IRF-8 expression. - Highlights: • IL-33 inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclast formation. • IL-33 has inhibitory effect on the RANKL-induced NFATc1 expression. • IL-33-induced NFATc1 suppression depends on the regulation of Blimp-1 and IRF-8.

  2. Secretary Chu Announces Agreement on FutureGen Project in Mattoon, IL |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Agreement on FutureGen Project in Mattoon, IL Secretary Chu Announces Agreement on FutureGen Project in Mattoon, IL June 12, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today announced an agreement with the FutureGen Alliance that advances the construction of the first commercial scale, fully integrated, carbon capture and sequestration project in the country in Mattoon, Illinois. "This important step forward for FutureGen reflects

  3. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development LLC., Custom Home, Downers Grove, IL

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready Home in Downers Grove, IL, that scored HERS 35 without PV. This 3,600-square-foot custom home has advanced framed walls with R-23 dense-packed fiberglass plus R-13 rigid polyiso, a sealed attic with open-cell spray foam, a pier foundation, and 95% efficient gas furnace.

  4. IL.26

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... of beam dust samples in Building 6 (former Dow Chemical Company site) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 11 Location of overhead beam dust contam ...

  5. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: StreetScape Development, LLC, Libertyville, IL, Custom

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready Home in Libertyville, IL, that scored HERS 45 without PV. This 2,763-square-foot custom home has advanced framed walls with R-20 of open-cell spray foam, R-49 open-cell spray-foam sealed attic, an HRV, and a tankless water heater for hydro coil furnace with high-velocity, small-diameter ducts.

  6. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Accent Lighting at the Field Museum in Chicago, IL

    SciTech Connect

    Myer, Michael; Kinzey, Bruce R.

    2010-12-10

    This report reviews a demonstration of light-emitting diode (LED) accent lighting compared to halogen (typical) accent lighting in a gallery of the Field Museum in Chicago, IL.

  7. Delivery of human NKG2D-IL-15 fusion gene by chitosan nanoparticles to enhance antitumor immunity

    SciTech Connect

    Yan, Chen; Jie, Leng; Yongqi, Wang; Weiming, Xiao; Juqun, Xi; Yanbing, Ding; Li, Qian; Xingyuan, Pan; Mingchun, Ji; Weijuan, Gong

    2015-07-31

    Nanoparticles are becoming promising carriers for gene delivery because of their high capacity in gene loading and low cell cytotoxicity. In this study, a chitosan-based nanoparticle encapsulated within a recombinant pcDNA3.1-dsNKG2D-IL-15 plasmid was generated. The fused dsNKG2D-IL-15 gene fragment consisted of double extracellular domains of NKG2D with IL-15 gene at downstream. The average diameter of the gene nanoparticles ranged from 200 nm to 400 nm, with mean zeta potential value of 53.8 ± 6.56 mV. The nanoparticles which were loaded with the dsNKG2D-IL-15 gene were uptaken by tumor cells with low cytotoxicity. Tumor cells pre-transfected by gene nanopartilces stimulated NK and T cells in vitro. Intramuscular injection of gene nanoparticles suppressed tumor growth and prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice through activation of NK and CD8{sup +} T cells. Thus, chitosan-based nanoparticle delivery of dsNKG2D-IL-15 gene vaccine can be potentially used for tumor therapy. - Highlights: • Generation of a nanoparticle for delivery of dsNKG2D-IL-15 gene. • Characterization of the gene nanoparticle. • Antitumor activity mediated by the gene nanoparticle.

  8. Il,R!:i'iT[ WORKING GROUP Final Report of the Oak Ridge Reservation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Il,R!:i'iT[ WORKING GROUP Final Report of the Oak Ridge Reservation End Use Working Group July, 1998 This report was written and edited by the members of the End Use Working Group with the assistance of Phoenix Environmental Corporation of Alexandria, Virginia. Additional copies and information can be found on the DOE Oak Ridge Operations site on the world wide web: ornl.gov/doe~oro/em/emhome.html or by calling the Information Resource Center at 423-241-4582. Final Report of the End Use Working

  9. IL1{beta}-mediated Stromal COX-2 signaling mediates proliferation and invasiveness of colonic epithelial cancer cells

    SciTech Connect

    Zhu, Yingting; Tissue Tech Inc, Miami, FL 33173 ; Zhu, Min; Lance, Peter

    2012-11-15

    COX-2 is a major inflammatory mediator implicated in colorectal inflammation and cancer. However, the exact origin and role of COX-2 on colorectal inflammation and carcinogenesis are still not well defined. Recently, we reported that COX-2 and iNOS signalings interact in colonic CCD18Co fibroblasts. In this article, we investigated whether activation of COX-2 signaling by IL1{beta} in primary colonic fibroblasts obtained from normal and cancer patients play a critical role in regulation of proliferation and invasiveness of human colonic epithelial cancer cells. Our results demonstrated that COX-2 level was significantly higher in cancer associated fibroblasts than that in normal fibroblasts with or without stimulation of IL-1{beta}, a powerful stimulator of COX-2. Using in vitro assays for estimating proliferative and invasive potential, we discovered that the proliferation and invasiveness of the epithelial cancer cells were much greater when the cells were co-cultured with cancer associated fibroblasts than with normal fibroblasts, with or without stimulation of IL1{beta}. Further analysis indicated that the major COX-2 product, prostaglandin E{sub 2}, directly enhanced proliferation and invasiveness of the epithelial cancer cells in the absence of fibroblasts. Moreover, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, blocked the proliferative and invasive effect of both normal and cancer associate fibroblasts on the epithelial cancer cells, with or without stimulation of IL-1{beta}. Those results indicate that activation of COX-2 signaling in the fibroblasts plays a major role in promoting proliferation and invasiveness of the epithelial cancer cells. In this process, PKC is involved in the activation of COX-2 signaling induced by IL-1{beta} in the fibroblasts.

  10. Expression of low-, intermediate-, and high-affinity IL-2 receptors on B cell lines derived from patients with undifferentiated lymphoma of Burkitt's and non-Burkitt's types

    SciTech Connect

    Benjamin, D.; Rosolen, A.; Wormsley, S.B.; DeBault, L.E.; Colamonici, O.R. )

    1990-08-01

    IL-2 receptors on T cells exist in at least three forms which differ in their ligand-binding affinity. The low-affinity IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) consists of the 55-kDa Tac protein (p55 alpha), the intermediate-affinity site corresponds to the 70-kDa molecule (p70 beta), and the high-affinity IL-2R consists of a noncovalent heterodimeric structure involving both p55 alpha and p70 beta. We studied 24 B cell lines (8 EBV-negative and 16 EBV-positive) for IL-2R expression in the presence or absence of the tumor promoter, teleocidin. 125I-IL-2 radioreceptor binding assays and crosslinking studies demonstrated the sole expression of p55 alpha in EBV-negative cell lines only, whereas p55 alpha present in EBV-positive cell lines was always associated with p70 beta to construct high-affinity IL-2R. p70 beta was not detected in any of the EBV-negative cell lines, but was expressed on most of the EBV-positive cell lines (13 of 16). Our data also indicate that the expression of p55 alpha and p70 beta by radiolabeling correlates with their expression in flow cytometry, and that a large excess of p55 alpha is required to construct high-affinity IL-2R. Coexpression of p55 alpha and p70 beta on human B cells contributed to constructing high-affinity IL-2R hybrid complex as shown by rapid association rate contributed by p55 alpha and slow dissociation rate by p70 beta; teleocidin's ability to induce p55 alpha on cell lines which express p70 beta only, resulting in appearance of high-affinity IL-2R; and blocking p55 alpha by anti-Tac mAb in cell lines which constitutively express high-affinity IL-2R eliminated both high- and low-affinity components. The existence of low, intermediate, and high IL-2R on human B cells bears important future implications for understanding the mechanism of IL-2 signaling and the role of IL-2 in B cell activation, proliferation, and differentiation.

  11. Eu3+ as a dual probe for the determination of IL anion donor power: A combined luminescence spectroscopic and electrochemical approach

    SciTech Connect

    Babai, Arash; Kopiec, Gabriel; Lackmann, Anastasia; Mallick, Bert; Pitula, Slawomir; Tang, Sifu; Mudring, Anja-Verena

    2014-04-01

    This work is aimed at giving proof that Eu(Tf2N)(3) (Tf2N = bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide) can act as both an optical and electrochemical probe for the determination of the Lewis acidity of an ionic liquid anion. For that reason the luminescence spectra and cyclic voltammograms of dilute solutions of Eu(Tf2N)(3) in various ionic liquids were investigated. The Eu2+/3+ redox potential in the investigated ILs can be related to the Lewis basicity of the IL anion. The IL cation had little influence. The lower the determined halfwave potential, the higher the IL anion basicity. The obtained ranking can be confirmed by luminescence spectroscopy where a bathochromic shift of the D-5(0) -> F-7(4) transition indicates a stronger Lewis basicity of the IL anion. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  12. ENVIRONMENTAL IlONITORING REPORT FOR THE NEVADA TEST SITE AND OTHER TEST AREAS USED FOR UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR DETONATIONS

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    IlONITORING REPORT FOR THE NEVADA TEST SITE AND OTHER TEST AREAS USED FOR UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR DETONATIONS January through December 1975 Nonitoring Operations Division Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Las Vegas, Nevada 89114 APRIL 1976 This work performed under a Memorandum of Understanding No. AT(26-1)-539 for the U . S . ENERGY RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION EMSL-LV-5 39-4 May 1976 ENVIRONMENTAL 14ONITORING REPORT FOR THE NEVADA

  13. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Evolutionary Home Builders, The Adaptation Home, Geneva, IL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Evolutionary Home Builders The Adaptation Home Geneva, IL DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies

  14. Facile fabrication of rutile monolayer films consisting of well crystalline nanorods by following an IL-assisted hydrothermal route

    SciTech Connect

    Peng Peng; Liu Xiaodi; Sun, Chuansheng; Ma Jianmin; Zheng Wenjun

    2009-05-15

    In this study, rutile films consisting of rectangular nanorods were facilely deposited on glass substrates from strongly acid solution of TiCl{sub 4}. The highly ordered array of nanorods was realized in presence of ionic liquid (IL) of [Bmim]Br by following a hydrothermal process. In this process, Degussa P25 nanoparticles served as seeds that were pre-deposited on the substrates to facilitate the array of rutile nanorods. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Raman spectrum were used to characterize the obtained nanorod films. The measurements showed that the nanorods were rectangular with width of 100-200 nm and length of more than 1 {mu}m, and grew up typically along c-axis to form the arrays against the substrate. The presence of IL was found vital for the formation of rutile nanorods, and the suitable molar ratio of [Bmim]Br to TiCl{sub 4} ranged from 500:1 to 1500:1. The excessive [Bmim]Br may hinder the precipitation of rutile particles. - Graphical abstract: The rutile film consisting of rectangular nanorods is successfully deposited on glass substrate in presence of ionic liquid (IL) of [Bmim]Br. The nanorods were rectangular with width of 100-200 nm and length of more than 1 {mu}m, which grew up typically along c-axis to form the arrays against the substrate.

  15. IL-2R{gamma} gene microdeletion demonstrates that canine X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency is a homologue of the human disease

    SciTech Connect

    Henthorn, P.S.; Fimiani, V.M.; Patterson, D.F.

    1994-09-01

    X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is characterized by profound defects in cellular and humoral immunity and, in humans, is associated with mutations in the gene for the {gamma} chain of the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R{gamma}). We have examined this gene in a colony of dogs established from a single X-linked SCID carrier female. Affected dogs have a 4-bp deletion in the first exon of the IL-2R{gamma} gene, which precludes the production of a functional protein, demonstrating that the canine disease is a true homologue of human X-linked SCID. 37 refs., 3 figs.

  16. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick Avenue, Brookfield, IL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    BrightLeaf Homes McCormick Avenue Brookfield, IL DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are

  17. Activation of IL-2 receptor {alpha}-chain gene by individual members of the rel oncogene family in association with serum response factor

    SciTech Connect

    Pierce, J.W.; Jamieson, C.A.; Ross, J.L.

    1995-08-15

    Expression of the IL-2R{alpha} gene is regulated by members of the c-Rel/NF-{kappa}B family of transcription factors binding to the {kappa}B site in the promoter. Previous work has not defined the role of individual members of the c-Rel family in the activation of the IL-2R{alpha} gene. Using the COS cell system, we were able to reconstitute the regulation of the IL-2R{alpha} promoter by expressing cloned Rel family members with serum response factor (SRF). We found that c-rel alone activated the IL-2R{alpha} promoter only weakly but worked with the p50 subunit of NF-{kappa}B (NFKB1) to give a higher level of expression. We showed that c-rel heterodimerizes with p50 and the amount of this heterodimer correlated with the level of IL-2R{alpha} gene expression. Our results provide evidence that c-rel/p50 heterodimers activate gene expression in the context of a cellular promoter. We show that c-rel or p65 can cooperate with SRF in the activation of this promoter and the transactivation by c-rel with SRF was enhanced by p50. Synergistic activation required both {kappa}B an CArG sites, and binding studies show that these that these adjacent sites can be occupied simultaneously. The transactivation observed with cloned transcription factors mimics the physiologic induction of the IL-2R{alpha} gene since multiple sequence elements cooperate to give gene activation. The data support the model that c-rel/p50 or p65 can cooperate with SRF to specifically target the expression of the IL-2R{alpha} gene in activated T cells.

  18. Immunosuppressive effect of the anti-IL-2-receptor monoclonal antibody, AMT-13, on organ-cultured fetal pancreas allograft survival

    SciTech Connect

    Burkhardt, K.; Loughnan, M.S.; Diamantstein, T.; Mandel, T.E.

    1988-11-01

    Recently, prolongation of cardiac allograft survival in mice was reported using a rat anti-IL-2R mAb (AMT-13). However, its immunosuppressive action in vivo, alone and in combination with other immunosuppressants, and its effect on other organ transplants has not been extensively studied. We grafted cultured fetal pancreas from CBA (H-2k) donors to Balb/c (H-2d) mice. Recipients were treated with 10 consecutive daily injections each of 20 micrograms AMT-13 only, or with an additional mild immunosuppression of 350 rads irradiation. Control groups received rat immunoglobulin or 350 rads irradiation. Graft survival and the phenotype of infiltrating cells were assessed histologically and immunocytochemically on days 12, 17, and 21, and soluble IL-2R levels were measured in the serum with a quantitative ELISA in all recipients. Two of five grafts in the AMT-13-treated group had islets on day 12 posttransplantation despite lymphocytic infiltration in all grafts, while at this time all grafts of rat Ig treated control mice were completely rejected with only scar tissue and a few lymphocytes remaining. Additional immunosuppression with 350 rads irradiation had a marked additive effect with AMT-13. Soluble IL-2R levels in the serum of untreated recipients were not elevated compared with normal serum levels, but recipients injected with AMT-13 had multifold increased soluble IL-2R levels. The percentage of IL-2R+ cells in the grafts of AMT-13-treated animals was either normal (less than 5%) or increased (20%) in the additionally irradiated mice, providing strong evidence that the immunosuppressive effect of AMT-13 is not due to a depletion of activated IL-2R+ lymphocytes.

  19. Thermal spray removal of lead-based paint from the viaduct bridge at Rock Island Arsenal, IL. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Boy, J.H.; Weber, R.A.; Kumar, A.

    1998-06-01

    This report documents a field demonstration at the Rock Island Arsenal, IL, that validated the thermal spray vitrification (TSV) process as a safe and effective technique for removing lead-based paint from a steel bridge. Specially formulated glass was applied in a molten state to painted steel using a conventional thermal spray application system. The molten glass reacts with the paint, and encapsulates the lead. The cooled glass readily cracks and falls off, removing the paint. After onsite remelting of the glass waste to complete the encapsulation process, the final waste product is chemically inert and may be disposed of in a regular landfill. The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Air Pollution Control determined that the glass remelt process could be considered a paint-removal operation for which no air quality permit was required.

  20. ROS and NF-{kappa}B are involved in upregulation of IL-8 in A549 cells exposed to multi-walled carbon nanotubes

    SciTech Connect

    Ye Shefang Wu Yihui; Hou Zhenqing; Zhang Qiqing

    2009-02-06

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have potential applications in biosensors, tissue engineering, and biomedical devices because of their unique physico-chemical, electronic and mechanical properties. However, there is limited literature data available concerning the biological properties and toxicity of CNTs. This study aimed to assess the toxicity exhibited by multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs) and to elucidate possible molecular mechanisms underlying the biological effects of MWCNTs in A549 cells. Exposing A549 cells to MWCNTs led to cell death, changes in cell size and complexity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene expression and nuclear factor (NF)-{kappa}B activation. Treatment of A549 cells with antioxidants prior to adding MWCNTs decreased ROS production and abrogated expression of IL-8 mRNA. Pretreatment of A549 cells with NF-{kappa}B inhibitors suppressed MWCNTs-induced IL-8 mRNA expression. These results indicate that MWCNTs are able to induce expression of IL-8 in A549 cells, at least in part, mediated by oxidative stress and NF-{kappa}B activation.

  1. Arsenite evokes IL-6 secretion, autocrine regulation of STAT3 signaling, and miR-21 expression, processes involved in the EMT and malignant transformation of human bronchial epithelial cells

    SciTech Connect

    Luo, Fei; Xu, Yuan; Ling, Min; Zhao, Yue; Xu, Wenchao; Liang, Xiao; Jiang, Rongrong; Wang, Bairu; Bian, Qian; Liu, Qizhan

    2013-11-15

    Arsenite is an established human carcinogen, and arsenite-induced inflammation contributes to malignant transformation of cells, but the molecular mechanisms by which cancers are produced remain to be established. The present results showed that, evoked by arsenite, secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, led to the activation of STAT3, a transcription activator, and to increased levels of a microRNA, miR-21. Blocking IL-6 with anti-IL-6 antibody and inhibiting STAT3 activation reduced miR-21 expression. For human bronchial epithelial cells, cultured in the presence of anti-IL-6 antibody for 3 days, the arsenite-induced EMT and malignant transformation were reversed. Thus, IL-6, acting on STAT3 signaling, which up-regulates miR-21in an autocrine manner, contributes to the EMT induced by arsenite. These data define a link from inflammation to EMT in the arsenite-induced malignant transformation of HBE cells. This link, mediated through miRNAs, establishes a mechanism for arsenite-induced lung carcinogenesis. - Highlights: Arsenite evokes IL-6 secretion. IL-6 autocrine mediates STAT3 signaling and up-regulates miR-21expression. Inflammation is involved in arsenite-induced EMT.

  2. Il.-'",.'

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ,,.. .r' +p,o~ ,!,*' A;>$, :.::> ,' ; ,.;I:- : ~ ", ,r .,,. ' , ' i.,l<, ~ ,1* .iT ,.~~~~~~~I~ _,L :,~.:/: .,,.,,,.,' ,, ;, ,, ,, I .. ,(: _ : ; . , y.,+ lar&f&r!rj&~+ ,id) L"'w#~~~~* I. ,& f ;";.y,m; ,I @ & *<7r;,q* >*t&,y%:iis ;*a k' q&t ,:.: ;,I,' ,,, ,_ *, . ,. ,,&S_ ;, , (, t+ I . 1. -. ' ,' ~' i"'i,!..l + *I .(, h," ,rz ,. ,' :' ,' . :,' . ,.' _-#I_ ,. ,I. :, ,.' , ..I>. Xi,,? ,I. , ,r c/i' ,"" >.:1..

  3. AIR M A IL

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    A three biscuit charge will, when molten, fill the proposed crucible half full. This condition is un- desirable because, due to the low heat of fusion of thorium and the ...

  4. Celecoxib offsets the negative renal influences of cyclosporine via modulation of the TGF-?1/IL-2/COX-2/endothelin ET{sub B} receptor cascade

    SciTech Connect

    El-Gowelli, Hanan M.; Helmy, Maged W.; Ali, Rabab M.; El-Mas, Mahmoud M.

    2014-03-01

    Endothelin (ET) signaling provokes nephrotoxicity induced by the immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine A (CSA). We tested the hypotheses that (i): celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, counterbalances renal derangements caused by CSA in rats and (ii) the COX-2/endothelin ET{sub B} receptor signaling mediates the CSA-celecoxib interaction. Ten-day treatment with CSA (20 mg/kg/day) significantly increased biochemical indices of renal function (serum urea, creatinine), inflammation (interleukin-2, IL-2) and fibrosis (transforming growth factor-?{sub 1}, TGF-?{sub 1}). Histologically, CSA caused renal tubular atrophy along with interstitial fibrosis. These detrimental renal effects of CSA were largely reduced in rats treated concurrently with celecoxib (10 mg/kg/day). We also report that cortical glomerular and medullary tubular protein expressions of COX-2 and ET{sub B} receptors were reduced by CSA and restored to near-control values in rats treated simultaneously with celecoxib. The importance of ET{sub B} receptors in renal control and in the CSA-celecoxib interaction was further verified by the findings (i) most of the adverse biochemical, inflammatory, and histopathological profiles of CSA were replicated in rats treated with the endothelin ET{sub B} receptor antagonist BQ788 (0.1 mg/kg/day, 10 days), and (ii) the BQ788 effects, like those of CSA, were alleviated in rats treated concurrently with celecoxib. Together, the data suggest that the facilitation of the interplay between the TGF-?1/IL-2/COX-2 pathway and the endothelin ET{sub B} receptors constitutes the cellular mechanism by which celecoxib ameliorates the nephrotoxic manifestations of CSA in rats. - Highlights: Celecoxib abolishes nephrotoxic manifestations of CSA in rats. Blockade of ETB receptors by BQ788 mimicked the nephrotoxic effects of CSA. CSA or BQ788 reduces renal protein expression of COX-2 and endothelin ETB receptors. Enhanced TGF?1/IL-2/COX2/ETB signaling

  5. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Meeting DOE Challenge Home Program Certification - Chicago, IL; Denver, CO; Devens, MA

    SciTech Connect

    2015-01-01

    In this project, three production home builders—K. Hovnanian Homes, David Weekley Homes, and Transformations, Inc.—partnered with Building America team Building Science Corporation to evaluate the certification of five test homes to the new DOE Challenge Home program performance standard (now DOE Zero Energy Ready Home program). The builders identified key benefits and barriers that impacted the certification of the test homes, and the likelihood of whether DOE Challenge Home certification would be pursued in future homes

  6. Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities Workshop, October 18-19, 2011, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL : Summary Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Kumar, R. comp.; Ahmed, S. comp.

    2012-02-21

    The overall objective of the Workshop was to identify opportunities for accelerating the use of both natural gas (NG) and hydrogen (H{sub 2}) as motor fuels and in stationary power applications. Specific objectives of the Workshop were to: (1) Convene industry and other stakeholders to share current status/state-of-the-art of NG and H{sub 2} infrastructure; (2) Identify key challenges (including non-technical challenges, such as permitting, installation, codes, and standards) preventing or delaying the widespread deployment of NG and H{sub 2} infrastructure. Identify synergies between NG and H{sub 2} fuels; and (3) Identify and prioritize opportunities for addressing the challenges identified above, and determine roles and opportunities for both the government and industry stakeholders. Plenary speakers and panel discussions summarized the current status of the NG and H{sub 2} infrastructure, technology for their use in transportation and stationary applications, and some of the major challenges and opportunities to more widespread use of these fuels. Two break-out sessions of three groups each addressed focus questions on: (1) infrastructure development needs; (2) deployment synergies; (3) natural gas and fuel cell vehicles (NGVs, FCVs), specialty vehicles, and heavy-duty trucks; (4) CHP (combined heat and power), CHHP (combined hydrogen, heat, and power), and synergistic approaches; and (5) alternative uses of natural gas.

  7. TGF-{beta}1 increases invasiveness of SW1990 cells through Rac1/ROS/NF-{kappa}B/IL-6/MMP-2

    SciTech Connect

    Binker, Marcelo G.; CBRHC Research Center, Buenos Aires ; Binker-Cosen, Andres A.; Gaisano, Herbert Y.; Cosen, Rodica H. de; Cosen-Binker, Laura I.

    2011-02-04

    Research highlights: {yields} Rac1 mediates TGF-{beta}1-induced SW1990 invasion through MMP-2 secretion and activation. {yields} NADPH-generated ROS act downstream of Rac1 in TGF-{beta}1-challenged SW1990 cells. {yields} TGF-{beta}1-stimulated ROS activate NF-{kappa}B in SW1990 cells. {yields} NF{kappa}B-induced IL-6 release is required for secretion and activation of MMP-2 in SW1990 cells. -- Abstract: Human pancreatic cancer invasion and metastasis have been found to correlate with increased levels of active matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2). The multifunctional cytokine transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-{beta}1) has been shown to increase both secretion of MMP-2 and invasion by several pancreatic cancer cell types. In the present study, we investigated the signaling pathway involved in TGF-{beta}1-promoted MMP-2 secretion and invasion by human pancreatic cancer cells SW1990. Using specific inhibitors, we found that stimulation of these tumor cells with TGF-{beta}1 induced secretion and activation of the collagenase MMP-2, which was required for TGF-{beta}1-stimulated invasion. Our results also indicate that signaling events involved in TGF-{beta}1-enhanced SW1990 invasiveness comprehend activation of Rac1 followed by generation of reactive oxygen species through nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase, activation of nuclear factor-kappa beta, release of interleukin-6, and secretion and activation of MMP-2.

  8. Zinc ferrite nanoparticles activate IL-1b, NFKB1, CCL21 and NOS2 signaling to induce mitochondrial dependent intrinsic apoptotic pathway in WISH cells

    SciTech Connect

    Saquib, Quaiser; Al-Khedhairy, Abdulaziz A.; Ahmad, Javed; Siddiqui, Maqsood A.; Dwivedi, Sourabh; Khan, Shams T.; Musarrat, Javed

    2013-12-01

    The present study has demonstrated the translocation of zinc ferrite nanoparticles (ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-NPs) into the cytoplasm of human amnion epithelial (WISH) cells, and the ensuing cytotoxicity and genetic damage. The results suggested that in situ NPs induced oxidative stress, alterations in cellular membrane and DNA strand breaks. The [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] (MTT) and neutral red uptake (NRU) cytotoxicity assays indicated 64.48 1.6% and 50.73 2.1% reduction in cell viability with 100 ?g/ml of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-NPs exposure. The treated WISH cells exhibited 1.2-fold higher ROS level with 0.9-fold decline in membrane potential (??m) and 7.4-fold higher DNA damage after 48 h of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-NPs treatment. Real-time PCR (qPCR) analysis of p53, CASP 3 (caspase-3), and bax genes revealed 5.3, 1.6, and 14.9-fold upregulation, and 0.18-fold down regulation of bcl 2 gene vis--vis untreated control. RT{sup 2} Profiler PCR array data elucidated differential up-regulation of mRNA transcripts of IL-1b, NFKB1, NOS2 and CCL21 genes in the range of 1.5 to 3.7-folds. The flow cytometry based cell cycle analysis suggested the transfer of 15.2 2.1% (p < 0.01) population of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-NPs (100 ?g/ml) treated cells into apoptotic phase through intrinsic pathway. Over all, the data revealed the potential of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-NPs to induce cellular and genetic toxicity in cells of placental origin. Thus, the significant ROS production, reduction in ??m, DNA damage, and activation of genes linked to inflammation, oxidative stress, proliferation, DNA damage and repair could serve as the predictive toxicity and stress markers for ecotoxicological assessment of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-NPs induced cellular and genetic damage. - Highlights: First report on the molecular toxicity of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-NPs in cells of placental origin WISH cells treated with ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}-NPs exhibited cytoplasmic localization of NPs

  9. Benzo[a]pyrene affects Jurkat T cells in the activated state via the antioxidant response element dependent Nrf2 pathway leading to decreased IL-2 secretion and redirecting glutamine metabolism

    SciTech Connect

    Murugaiyan, Jayaseelan; Rockstroh, Maxie; Wagner, Juliane; Baumann, Sven; Schorsch, Katrin; Trump, Saskia; Lehmann, Irina; Bergen, Martin von; Tomm, Janina M.

    2013-06-15

    There is a clear evidence that environmental pollutants, such as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), can have detrimental effects on the immune system, whereas the underlying mechanisms still remain elusive. Jurkat T cells share many properties with native T lymphocytes and therefore are an appropriate model to analyze the effects of environmental pollutants on T cells and their activation. Since environmental compounds frequently occur at low, not acute toxic concentrations, we analyzed the effects of two subtoxic concentrations, 50 nM and 5 μM, on non- and activated cells. B[a]P interferes directly with the stimulation process as proven by an altered IL-2 secretion. Furthermore, B[a]P exposure results in significant proteomic changes as shown by DIGE analysis. Pathway analysis revealed an involvement of the AhR independent Nrf2 pathway in the altered processes observed in unstimulated and stimulated cells. A participation of the Nrf2 pathway in the change of IL-2 secretion was confirmed by exposing cells to the Nrf2 activator tBHQ. tBHQ and 5 μM B[a]P caused similar alterations of IL-2 secretion and glutamine/glutamate metabolism. Moreover, the proteome changes in unstimulated cells point towards a modified regulation of the cytoskeleton and cellular stress response, which was proven by western blotting. Additionally, there is a strong evidence for alterations in metabolic pathways caused by B[a]P exposure in stimulated cells. Especially the glutamine/glutamate metabolism was indicated by proteome pathway analysis and validated by metabolite measurements. The detrimental effects were slightly enhanced in stimulated cells, suggesting that stimulated cells are more vulnerable to the environmental pollutant model compound B[a]P. - Highlights: • B[a]P affects the proteome of Jurkat T cells also at low concentrations. • Exposure to B[a]P (50 nM, 5 μM) did not change Jurkat T cell viability. • Both B[a]P concentrations altered the IL-2 secretion of stimulated cells.

  10. IL.06-123 057 I I

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Perch10ric and picric acid salts are explosive; they can be detonated by shock, impact, heat, or friction. Before work was performed on the ducts, field tests were performed to ...

  11. Fermilab Cultural Events in Batavia, IL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Eugene Cheng, Scientist in Residence, School of the Art Institute, Chicago and Professor, University of Sheffield, UK - July 15, 2016 @ 8 pm - 7 Lecture by Vanessa Hill of Brain ...

  12. Il Woong Jung | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    for micro- and nano-mechanical devices. Current research focuses on the manipulation of light-matter interaction at the nanoscale, specifically using micro- and nano-mechanical ...

  13. actos_il_v05.ai

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    two figures show measurements performed during the IMPACT campaign 2008 in Cabauw (NL). The data were sampled in a field of shallow cumulus clouds with cloud top in about 2000 m. During this flight leg, ACTOS was at a nearly constant height in 1930 m above ground level and 50 m below cloud top. The left plot shows the time series of reflectance at a wavelength of 1645 nm (red curve) measured onboard the helicopter and effective radius (blue triangles) measured with the PVM onboard ACTOS. The

  14. Snapshots of the IL-4 Receptor Ternary Complexes: An Opportunity...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    protein causing movements within the transmembrane region, which conveys the signal more directly across the membrane, where this latter mechanism is beyond the scope...

  15. MIN IMI IlI New Data Series

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Change, Petroleum Products Supplied, and Ending Stocks ... 40 3.1b Imports, Exports, and Net Imports ... 41 3.2 Crude Oil Supply and...

  16. R. Tayloe, NuFact'09 Chicago, IL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    - W n p CCQE 3 CCQE models The canonical model for the CCQE process is straightforward, and well-constrained. It looks something like this: - Llewellyn-Smith formalism...

  17. OIL WELL REMEDIATION IN CLAY AND WAYNE COUNTIES, IL

    SciTech Connect

    Peter L. Dakuras; Larry Stieber; Dick Young

    2003-02-01

    This is the first technical progress report of the remediation of two wells and a water injection well in Clay County, Illinois. The location is identified as the Routt lease and the wells will be identified as the Routt No.3 and Routt No.4 respectively throughout this report. The Clay County portion of this project has met all legal, financial, and environmental requirements to drill and /or pump oil at this lease. We have also obtained all available information about this site and have taken the necessary steps to improve access roads, dig the necessary pits and build the necessary firewalls. Both wells have been drilled to the Salem formation. Gas gun technology was used to stimulate the reservoir of the Routt No.3. This report will address the technical aspects of the remediation.

  18. #iWNCD W ONTAININO Il@MQWm;

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    PERCENTS 17.77 g ', 10 Attention: Nr. RI ' ia God, Jr. AIJO' Div. Pm&. (Agent We have been mqueeted by We est;mate that %t wuld be ptmalble to edd &mNa&drlf 1500 man-hours rt ...

  19. MEMORANDUM TO: FILE F3on: A 6 IL

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    .Z,+,ECI-INVOLVE?EXT AT SITE . ---... ---... ---- . 1, Control c Health Physics Protection . 0 AECMED managed operations G Little or None 3 AECtlED responsible for ...

  20. Increasing Sugar Yields with IL-final-sm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia Researchers are investigating blending options to maximize sugar yields. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) has the potential to be a cost effective blending agent with other ...

  1. QER Public Meeting in Chicago, IL: Rail, Barge, Truck Transportation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... (244.14 KB) John Gray, Senior Vice President for Policy and Economics, the Association of American Railroads (AAR) - Statement (592.32 KB) John Gray, Senior Vice President ...

  2. Quadrennial Energy Review Stakeholder Meeting #9: Chicago, IL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... energy resources as fuel for vehicles could be important. ... it has not received the traction it needs. 10 Q: What ... and transmission rural electric cooperative that serves ...

  3. Increasing Sugar Yields with IL-final-sm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ionic Liquid Processing Increasing sugar yields from diverse biomass feedstock with ionic liquid processing and cultivation of renewable ionic liquids Liberating Sugars from Biomass Lignocellulose, one of the most abundant plants on Earth, has the potential to displace a substantial portion of the fossil fuels currently consumed within the transportation sector. Converting lignocellulose to biofuels requires the disruption of the lignin-carbohydrate complex within the plant and conversion into

  4. Quadrennial Energy Review August 8, 2014 Chicago , Il.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Ernie Perry, PhD. ebperry@wisc.edu University Of Wisconsin - Madison 2 Freight corridors are multi-state, multi- modal economic networks. Contents o MAFC states are freight states ...

  5. Key Outcomes:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Points & Action Items Inaugural Meeting Thursday, August 25, 2011 Renaissance Denver Hotel Denver, Colorado Participants Tracey LeBeau, Director, Pilar Thomas, Deputy Director, and Brandt Petrasek, Special Assistant, Department of Energy, Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs; Vice Chairman Ronald Suppah and Jim Manion, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon; William Micklin, Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians; Councilman Barney Enos, Jr., Jason Hauter,

  6. KEY PERSONNEL

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    by Mods 002, 006, 020, 029, 0049, 0065, 0084, 0091, 0106) DE-NA0000622 Section J, Appendix J, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX J KEY PERSONNEL 7/06/2015 TITLE NAME President Christopher C. Gentile Vice President, Engineering Robin Stubenhofer Vice President, Integrated Supply Chain Rick Lavelock Director, Sr. Program Management Org. Vacant Director, Integrated Supply Chain Kurt Lorenzen Director, Engineering Bob Chaney Director, Quality David Schoenherr Director, Information Technology Matt Decker

  7. NSR Key Number Retrieval

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NSR Key Number Retrieval Pease enter key in the box Submit

  8. Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Internal Site Office Operations Ames Site Office (AMSO) AMSO Home About Organization Chart .pdf file (96KB) Federal Stewardship Internal Site Office Operations Jobs Projects Contract Management NEPA Documents Resources Contact Information Ames Site Office U.S. Department of Energy 9800 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 P: (630) 252-6167 F: (630) 252-2855 About Internal Site Office Operations Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The Internal Site Office Operations manages Ames Site Office

  9. 4-27-11-signed-Final-EA-FONSI-for-BeaconPower--IL-PA-.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

  10. Proc. of the sixteenth symposium on energy engineering sciences, May 13-15, 1998, Argonne, IL.

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-13

    This Proceedings Volume includes the technical papers that were presented during the Sixteenth Symposium on Energy Engineering Sciences on May 13--15, 1998, at Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois. The Symposium was structured into eight technical sessions, which included 30 individual presentations followed by discussion and interaction with the audience. A list of participants is appended to this volume. The DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES), of which Engineering Research is a component program, is responsible for the long-term, mission-oriented research in the Department. The Office has prime responsibility for establishing the basic scientific foundation upon which the Nation's future energy options will be identified, developed, and built. BES is committed to the generation of new knowledge necessary to solve present and future problems regarding energy exploration, production, conversion, and utilization, while maintaining respect for the environment. Consistent with the DOE/BES mission, the Engineering Research Program is charged with the identification, initiation, and management of fundamental research on broad, generic topics addressing energy-related engineering problems. Its stated goals are to improve and extend the body of knowledge underlying current engineering practice so as to create new options for enhancing energy savings and production, prolonging the useful life of energy-related structures and equipment, and developing advanced manufacturing technologies and materials processing. The program emphasis is on reducing costs through improved industrial production and performance and expanding the nation's store of fundamental knowledge for solving anticipated and unforeseen engineering problems in energy technologies. To achieve these goals, the Engineering Research Program supports approximately 130 research projects covering a broad spectrum of topics that cut across traditional engineering disciplines. The program focuses on three areas: (1) mechanical sciences, (2) control systems and instrumentation, and (3) engineering data and analysis. The Sixteenth Symposium involved approximately one-fourth of the research projects currently sponsored by the DOE/BES Engineering Research Program.

  11. Preliminary evaluation of a fluorescence and radioisotope nuclear smuggling deterrence tag - final report (IL500E)

    SciTech Connect

    Hartenstein, S.D.; Aryaeinejad, R.; Delmastro, J.R.

    1997-04-01

    This report summarizes the efforts completed in identifying candidate fluorescence compounds and radioisotopes for a developing tagging system. The tagging system is being developed as a deterrent to nuclear smuggling, by providing a means of: (1) tracing materials and pilferers to the facility of origin for any recovered special nuclear materials, (2) inventory control of long-term stored items containing special nuclear materials, and (3) tracking materials transferred between facilities. The system uses three types of materials to cover a range of applications intended to prevent the pilfering of special nuclear materials. One material, fluorescent compounds which are invisible without ultraviolet or near-infrared detection systems, is marked on controlled items with a tracking pattern that corresponds to a specified item in a specified location in the data control system. The tagging system uses an invisible, fluorescent dusting powder to mark equipment and personnel who inappropriately handle the tagged material. The tagging system also uses unique combinations of radionuclides to identify the facility of origin for any special nuclear material. This report also summarizes the efforts completed in identifying hardware that will be used for the tagging system. This hardware includes the devices for applying the tagging materials, the commercially available fluorescence detection systems, and gamma ray detection systems assembled from existing, commercially available technologies.

  12. Airborne gamma-ray spectrometer and magnetometer survey, Belleville quadrangle (IL). Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    Forty-two uranium anomalies meet the minimum statistical requirements as defined in Volume I. These anomalies are listed and are shown on the Uranium Anomaly Interpretation Map. Potassium (%K), equivalent Uranium (ppM eU), equivalent Thorium (ppM eTh), eU/eTh, eU/K, eTh/K, and magnetic pseudo-contour maps are presented in Appendix E. Stacked Profiles showing geologic strip maps along each flight-line, together with sensor data, and ancillary data are presented in Appendix F. All maps and profiles were prepared on a scale of 1:250,000, but have been reduced to 1:500,000 for presentation in Volume II. Anomalies No. 1, No. 4 to No. 17, No. 22 to No. 23, and No. 27 to No. 30 are over areas underlain by the Radnor Till member (Qti) of the Pleistocene Glasford formation. Anomalies No. 2 and No. 3 are over areas underlain by Pleistocene Cahokia Alluvium (Qc) and the Radnor Till member (Qti) of the Glasford formation. Anomalies No. 18 to No. 21, and No. 24 are over areas underlain by the Pleistocene Equality formation (Qcl). Anomalies No. 25 and No. 26 are over areas underlain by the Equality formation (Qcl) and the Radnor Till member (Qti) of the Glasford formation. Both of these formations are of Pleistocene age. Anomalies No. 31 and No. 33 are over areas underlain by the Pleistocene Cahokia Alluvium (Qc). Anomalies No. 32, No. 34 to No. 38, and No. 40 to No. 42 are over areas underlain by the Radnor Till member (Qti) of the Pleistocene Glasford formation. Anomaly No. 39 is over an area underlain by the Radnor Till (Qti) and the Hagarstown (Qgh) members of the Pleistocene Glasford formation.

  13. Airborne gamma-ray spectrometer and magnetometer survey: Peoria, Decater, Belleville Quadrangles, (IL). Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    An airborne combined radiometric and magnetic survey was performed for the Department of Energy (DOE) over the area covered by the Peoria, Decatur, and Belleville, 1:250,000 National Topographic Map Series (NTMS), quadrangle maps. The survey was part of DOE's National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) program. Data were collected by a helicopter equipped with a gamma-ray spectrometer with a large crystal volume, and with a high sensitivity proton procession magnetometer. The radiometric system was calibrated at the Walker Field Calibration pads and the Lake Mead Dynamic Test Range. Data quality was ensured during the survey by daily test flights and equipment checks. Radiometric data were corrected for live time, aircraft and equipment background, cosmic background, atmospheric radon, Compton scatter, and altitude dependence. The corrected data were statistically evaluated, plotted, and contoured to produce anomaly maps based on the radiometric response of individual geological units. The anomalies were interpreted and an interpretation map produced. Volume I contains a description of the systems used in the survey, a discussion of the calibration of the systems, the data collection procedures, the data processing procedures, the data presentation, the interpretation rationale, and the interpretation methodology. A separate Volume II for each quadrangle contains the data displays and the interpretation results.

  14. XL-A A.&lx A!i' X!Ii?Z IL';;i'

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    CEd as shmcn substantially -7% IjT(-ys. a--;-2-,,, : : .s. . -. .-. .-..- in red on Exhibit :A, atta.ched hereto and made a part hereof,-a,tiii-:: THIS PERMIT is ...

  15. C E N T R A L F IL E S

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... This aspect did imt aypzar to te 0P r,.q":',cr;y..::- ,;;-.;':y-:: '-.2 the StauiYer-T2me3cal :,ersc3r;el due to t&i2 .:Lc3es5;21 . ..' .,Uory of past opem2l9:x. The cn tee f;est ...

  16. DOE ZERH Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick Avenue, Brookfield, IL

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning production home in the cold climate that got a HERS 38 without PV, with staggered 2x4 studs every 8”on a 2x6 plate with dense-packed R-25 cellulose, basement with 3” XPS exterior and 2: XPS under slab; a vented attic with spray foam top plates and R-60 blown cellulose; 96% AFUE furnace, 14 SEER AC, plus fresh air intake.

  17. DFPARThIl!NT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlIfiNA...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... impacts to persons (such as from shadow flicker and other visual effects, and noise). ... boundaries of an existing facility. * Wind Turbine - 20 KW or smaller. * Solar Thermal * ...

  18. EA-1975: LINAC Coherent Light Source-Il, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE prepared an EA on the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to upgrade the existing LINAC Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The proposed LCLS-II would extend the photon energy range, increase control over photon pulses, and enable two-color pump-probe experiments. The X-ray laser beams generated by LCLS-II would enable a new class of experiments: the simultaneous investigation of a material’s electronic and structural properties.

  19. DOE ZERH Case Study: Evolutionary Home Builders, The Adaptation Home, Geneva, IL

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the cold climate that got a HERS 30 without PV, with 2x8 24” on center walls with blown fiberglass and 4” polysio rigid foam; basement with 2” XPS interior, 4” under slab, 4” exterior of foundation wall; vented attic with R-100 blown cellulose; wo air-to-air heat pumps SEER 14.1; HSPF 9.6; heat pump water heater.

  20. Impacts of antropogenic contaminants on vegetation and groundwater chemistry in a fen complex (IL)

    SciTech Connect

    Nuzzo, V.A.; Hensel, B.; Panno, S.; Cartwright, K.; Krapac, I. Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign )

    1993-06-01

    Residential development within the watershed of a fen complex has resulted in encroachment of ground-water borne anthropogenic contaminants into 3 high quality fens. Groundwater samples were collected from peat and marl and analyzed for inorganic constituents. Height and density of Typha angustifolia L. and Scirpus acutus Muhl. were recorded in belt transects coincident with ground-water samples. Contaminant plumes from septic systems of houses near the fens had higher Na, Cl, NO[sub 3], and TDS levels than uncontaminated areas of the fens. Typha density increased significantly as Na, Cl, CL/SO[sub 4], and TDS levels increased; Scirpus occurred only where pH [ge] 7.1 (X[sub 2]=11.656, sl=.02). Scirpus density was generally independent of other water chemistry levels. In one fen Scirpus density declined significantly as Typha density increased (r[sub 2]=25.86). Contamination appears to favor Tvpha invasion, which subsequently leads to displacement of Scirpus.

  1. Public Key Cryptography and Key Management

    Directives, Delegations, and Other Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-02-15

    The use and management of certificate-based public key cryptography for the Department of Energy (DOE) requires the establishment of a public key infrastructure (PKI). This chapter defines the policy related to roles, requirements, and responsibilities for establishing and maintaining a DOE PKI and the documentation necessary to ensure that all certificates are managed in a manner that maintains the overall trust required to support a viable PKI. Canceled by DOE N 251.112.

  2. Group key management

    SciTech Connect

    Dunigan, T.; Cao, C.

    1997-08-01

    This report describes an architecture and implementation for doing group key management over a data communications network. The architecture describes a protocol for establishing a shared encryption key among an authenticated and authorized collection of network entities. Group access requires one or more authorization certificates. The implementation includes a simple public key and certificate infrastructure. Multicast is used for some of the key management messages. An application programming interface multiplexes key management and user application messages. An implementation using the new IP security protocols is postulated. The architecture is compared with other group key management proposals, and the performance and the limitations of the implementation are described.

  3. Key Milestones/Outlook

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Key Milestones/Outlook per the Department of Energy 2015 Congressional Budget Request, Environmental Management, March 2014

  4. Cover Title Here

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Station Canton, IL Edwards Power Station Bartonville, IL Joppa Power Station Joppa, IL Newton Power Station Jasper County, IL MISO (CoalCo) Baldwin Energy Complex Baldwin, IL ...

  5. Quantum dense key distribution

    SciTech Connect

    Degiovanni, I.P.; Ruo Berchera, I.; Castelletto, S.; Rastello, M.L.; Bovino, F.A.; Colla, A.M.; Castagnoli, G.

    2004-03-01

    This paper proposes a protocol for quantum dense key distribution. This protocol embeds the benefits of a quantum dense coding and a quantum key distribution and is able to generate shared secret keys four times more efficiently than the Bennet-Brassard 1984 protocol. We hereinafter prove the security of this scheme against individual eavesdropping attacks, and we present preliminary experimental results, showing its feasibility.

  6. SSH Key Fingerprints

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    SSH Key Fingerprints SSH Key Fingerprints Occasionally maintenance on NERSC systems results in the SSH host key changing. On the first time you attempt to log in after this, ssh will stop with a warning like: "WARNING: REMOTE HOST IDENTIFICATION HAS CHANGED!" (Linux/Mac) or "WARNING - POTENTIAL SECURITY BREACH!" (Windows) Do not ignore these warnings! The correct host key fingerprint for Cori is: 2048 SHA256:mR3sHwHorgjqRlUbggtfOCa768/uKdbNb2TOH8xDMn8 You can replace entries

  7. Key Events Timeline

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document lists key events beginning with the April 20 fire on the Deepwater Horizon through July 28th. Updated July 28, 2010.

  8. Optical key system

    SciTech Connect

    Hagans, Karla G.; Clough, Robert E.

    2000-01-01

    An optical key system comprises a battery-operated optical key and an isolated lock that derives both its operating power and unlock signals from the correct optical key. A light emitting diode or laser diode is included within the optical key and is connected to transmit a bit-serial password. The key user physically enters either the code-to-transmit directly, or an index to a pseudorandom number code, in the key. Such person identification numbers can be retained permanently, or ephemeral. When a send button is pressed, the key transmits a beam of light modulated with the password information. The modulated beam of light is received by a corresponding optical lock with a photovoltaic cell that produces enough power from the beam of light to operate a password-screen digital logic. In one application, an acceptable password allows a two watt power laser diode to pump ignition and timing information over a fiberoptic cable into a sealed engine compartment. The receipt of a good password allows the fuel pump, spark, and starter systems to each operate. Therefore, bypassing the lock mechanism as is now routine with automobile thieves is pointless because the engine is so thoroughly disabled.

  9. Optical key system

    SciTech Connect

    Hagans, K.G.; Clough, R.E.

    2000-04-25

    An optical key system comprises a battery-operated optical key and an isolated lock that derives both its operating power and unlock signals from the correct optical key. A light emitting diode or laser diode is included within the optical key and is connected to transmit a bit-serial password. The key user physically enters either the code-to-transmit directly, or an index to a pseudorandom number code, in the key. Such person identification numbers can be retained permanently, or ephemeral. When a send button is pressed, the key transmits a beam of light modulated with the password information. The modulated beam of light is received by a corresponding optical lock with a photovoltaic cell that produces enough power from the beam of light to operate a password-screen digital logic. In one application, an acceptable password allows a two watt power laser diode to pump ignition and timing information over a fiberoptic cable into a sealed engine compartment. The receipt of a good password allows the fuel pump, spark, and starter systems to each operate. Therefore, bypassing the lock mechanism as is now routine with automobile thieves is pointless because the engine is so thoroughly disabled.

  10. ARM - Key Science Questions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    govScienceKey Science Questions Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Key Science Questions

  11. Public Key FPGA Software

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2013-07-25

    The Public Key (PK) FPGA software performs asymmetric authentication using the 163-bit Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) on an embedded FPGA platform. A digital signature is created on user-supplied data, and communication with a host system is performed via a Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) bus. Software includes all components necessary for signing, including custom random number generator for key creation and SHA-256 for data hashing.

  12. Key Activities | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    About the Fuel Cell Technologies Office Key Activities Key Activities The Fuel Cell Technologies Office conducts work in several key areas to advance the development and ...

  13. Cryptographic Key Management System

    SciTech Connect

    No, author

    2014-02-21

    This report summarizes the outcome of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) contract DE-OE0000543, requesting the design of a Cryptographic Key Management System (CKMS) for the secure management of cryptographic keys for the energy sector infrastructure. Prime contractor Sypris Electronics, in collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Valicore Technologies, and Purdue University's Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) and Smart Meter Integration Laboratory (SMIL), has designed, developed and evaluated the CKMS solution. We provide an overview of the project in Section 3, review the core contributions of all contractors in Section 4, and discuss bene ts to the DOE in Section 5. In Section 6 we describe the technical construction of the CKMS solution, and review its key contributions in Section 6.9. Section 7 describes the evaluation and demonstration of the CKMS solution in different environments. We summarize the key project objectives in Section 8, list publications resulting from the project in Section 9, and conclude with a discussion on commercialization in Section 10 and future work in Section 11.

  14. NREL Makes Key Appointments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Makes Key Appointments Staffing for Distributed Energy and Tech Management Announced For more information contact: Gary Schmitz, 303-275-4050 email: Gary Schmitz Golden, Colo., Feb. 28, 2001 - Two veterans of energy research have been named to newly created positions at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Jack Darnell was named Deputy Associate Director for NREL's recently reorganized Planning and Technology Management Division. Anthony Schaffhauser has been

  15. Bioenergy Key Publications

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    KEY PUBLICATIONS BIOENERGY TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE Budget and Investment Resources PUBLICATION TITLE PUBLICATION DATE Bioenergy Technologies Office FY 2015 Budget-at-a-Glance March 2014 FY 2015 Congressional Budget Request (pp. 53-71) March 2014 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Bioenergy Technologies Office Investments June 2012 2013 Peer Review Report February 2014 Office Overview Resources PUBLICATION TITLE PUBLICATION DATE Bioenergy Technologies Office Walkthrough Presentation July 2014

  16. NETL: Key Staff

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Staff Grace M. Bochenek, Ph.D.-Director As NETL Director, Dr. Bochenek manages the complete NETL complex including delivery and execution of the Laboratory's mission. She joined NETL in October 2014 with more than 25 years of technical and management experience with the U.S. Department of Defense. Before joining NETL, Dr. Bochenek was the first Chief Technology Officer of the U.S. Army Materiel Command, where she served as the principal technical advisor on all engineering and scientific

  17. Employee Spotlight: Baris Key | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Employee Spotlight: Baris Key Share

  18. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick Avenue, Brookfield, IL

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning production home in the cold climate that got a HERS 38 without PV, with staggered 2x4 studs every 8”on a 2x6 plate with dense-packed R-25 cellulose, basement with 3” XPS exterior and 2: XPS under slab; a vented attic with spray foam top plates and R-60 blown cellulose; 96% AFUE furnace, 14 SEER AC, plus fresh air intake.

  19. Technical description of candidate fluorescence compounds and radioisotopes for a nuclear smuggling deterrence tag (IL500E)

    SciTech Connect

    Hartenstein, S.D.; Aryaeinejad, R.

    1996-03-01

    This report summarizes the efforts completed in identifying candidate fluorescence compounds and radioisotopes for a developing tagging system. The tagging system is being developed as a deterrent to nuclear smuggling, by providing a means of: (1) tracing materials and pilferers to the facility of origin for any recovered special nuclear materials; (2) inventory control of long-term stored items containing special nuclear materials; and (3) tracking materials transferred between facilities. The tagging system uses four types of tagging materials to cover a range of applications intended to prevent the pilfering of special nuclear materials. One material, fluorescent compounds which are invisible without ultraviolet or near-infrared detection systems, is marked on controlled items with a tracking pattern that corresponds to a specified item in a specified location in the data control system. The tagging system uses an invisible, fluorescent dusting powder to mark equipment and personnel who inappropriately handle the tagged material. The tagging system also uses unique combinations of radionuclides to identify the facility of origin for any special nuclear material. Currently, 18 long-lived radioisotopes, 38 short-live radioisotopes and 10 fluorescent compounds have been selected as candidate materials for the tagging system.

  20. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID IL KY NJ NM NY NY NV OH OH OH SC

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mound Closure Project Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Fernald Closure Project Savannah River Site BWXT Y-12 Plant Duratek Nuclear Fuels UT-Battelle Bechtel Jacobs Permafix M&EC ...

  1. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID IL KY NJ NM NY NY NV OH OH OH SC

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mix Wastew Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National ...

  2. Key Terms | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Terms Key Terms Three Door Keys data-key-571156_960_720.png Key Terms Low Vision: non-correctable reduced vision Blindness: lack of visual perception Hearing Impairment: full or partial decrease in the ability to detect or understand sounds Physical Impairment: a physical condition that permanently prevents normal body movement or control Cognitive Disabilities: difficulty with one or more types of mental tasks

  3. Baris Key | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Baris Key Assistant Chemist Telephone (630) 252-7351 E-mail bkey@anl.gov Projects Interfacial Materials Chemistry

  4. Secure key storage and distribution

    SciTech Connect

    Agrawal, Punit

    2015-06-02

    This disclosure describes a distributed, fault-tolerant security system that enables the secure storage and distribution of private keys. In one implementation, the security system includes a plurality of computing resources that independently store private keys provided by publishers and encrypted using a single security system public key. To protect against malicious activity, the security system private key necessary to decrypt the publication private keys is not stored at any of the computing resources. Rather portions, or shares of the security system private key are stored at each of the computing resources within the security system and multiple security systems must communicate and share partial decryptions in order to decrypt the stored private key.

  5. Key Activities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    About the Bioenergy Technologies Office » Key Activities Key Activities The Bioenergy Technologies Office's key activities are aimed at producing a viable, sustainable domestic biomass industry that produces renewable biofuels, bioproducts and biopower; enhances U.S. energy security; reduces U.S. oil dependence; provides environmental benefits (e.g., reduced greenhouse gas emissions); and creates nationwide economic opportunities. Meeting these goals requires significant and rapid advances in

  6. Key Activities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    About the Program » Key Activities Key Activities The Water Power Program conducts work in four key areas at the forefront of water power research. The Program is structured to help the United States meet its growing energy demands sustainably and cost-effectively by developing innovative renewable water power technologies, breaking down market barriers to deployment, building the infrastructure to test new technologies, and assessing water power resources for integration into our nation's

  7. Baris Key | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Baris Key July 31, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint Baris Key is an Assistant Chemist in Argonne's Chemical Sciences & Engineering Division. In his Employee Spotlight video, Key talks about the gap national labs like Argonne fill in mankind's pursuit of scientific and technological breakthroughs as well as his work to improve our understanding and application of energy storage, which will be a key factor in our effort to forge a more sustainable energy future. "We do all the high-risk research

  8. Key Issues | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Issues Key Issues The following presentations offer information about other key topics related to high performance homes. wall_system_innovations_kochkin.pdf (1.48 MB) removing_codes_barriers_cole.pdf (479.86 KB) testing_residential_ariconditioners_booten_winkler.pdf (5.21 MB) code_gaps_combustion_safety.pdf (1.34 MB) automated_utility_bill_calibration_polly.pdf (1.64 MB) predicting_envelope_leakage_griffiths.pdf (1.63 MB) More Documents & Publications Code Gaps and Future Research Needs

  9. Key Activities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Activities Key Activities The SunShot Initiative issues competitive solicitations that fund selective research projects aimed at transforming the ways the United States generates, stores, and utilizes solar energy. The targeted strategies supported by the SunShot Initiative include activities that seek to: Shorten the amount of time needed to move promising new solar photovoltaic and concentrating solar power technologies from development to commercialization Increase efficiency, reduce

  10. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lu, Hongyou; Fino-Chen, Cecilia

    2012-01-15

    The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) was established in 1988. Over the years the Group has gained recognition as an authoritative source of China energy statistics through the publication of its China Energy Databook (CED). In 2008 the Group published the Seventh Edition of the CED (http://china.lbl.gov/research/chinaenergy-databook). This handbook summarizes key statistics from the CED and is expressly modeled on the International Energy Agency’s “Key World Energy Statistics” series of publications. The handbook contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation, and consumption of all major energy sources.

  11. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lu, Hongyou; Fino-Chen, Cecilia

    2012-05-01

    The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) was established in 1988. Over the years the Group has gained recognition as an authoritative source of China energy statistics through the publication of its China Energy Databook (CED). The Group has published seven editions to date of the CED (http://china.lbl.gov/research/chinaenergy-databook). This handbook summarizes key statistics from the CED and is expressly modeled on the International Energy Agency’s “Key World Energy Statistics” series of publications. The handbook contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation, and consumption of all major energy sources.

  12. Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability Plenary V: Biofuels and Sustainability: Acknowledging Challenges and Confronting ...

  13. Acoustic Building Infiltration Measurement System (ABIMS)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Lead Performer: Argonne National Laboratory - Lemont, IL Partner: Illinois Institute of Technology - Chicago, IL

  14. ,"Illinois Natural Gas Summary"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Prices" "Sourcekey","N3050IL3","N3010IL3","N3020IL3","N3035IL3","N3045IL3" "Date","Natural Gas Citygate Price in Illinois (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","Illinois Price of ...

  15. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Township High School District 214

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Joined the Challenge: October 2014Headquarters: Arlington Heights, ILCharging Locations: Arlington Heights, IL; Buffalo Grove, IL; Elk Grove Village, IL; Mount Prospect, IL; Rolling Meadows, IL;...

  16. The depletion of Interleukin-8 causes cell cycle arrest and increases the efficacy of docetaxel in breast cancer cells

    SciTech Connect

    Shao, Nan; Chen, Liu-Hua; Ye, Run-Yi; Lin, Ying; Wang, Shen-Ming

    2013-02-15

    Highlights: ► IL-8 depletion affects cell cycle distribution. ► Intrinsic IL-8 mediates breast cancer cell migration and invasion. ► IL-8 siRNA down regulates key factors that control survival and metastatic pathway. ► IL-8 depletion reduces integrin β3 expression. ► IL-8 depletion increases the chemosensitivity to docetaxel. -- Abstract: IL-8 is a multi-functional pro-inflammatory chemokine, which is highly expressed in cancers, such as ER-negative breast cancer. The present study demonstrates the pervasive role of IL-8 in the malignant progression of ER-negative breast cancer. IL-8 siRNA inhibited proliferation and delayed the G1 to S cell cycle progression in MDA-MB-231 and BT549 cells. IL-8 silencing resulted in the upregulation of the CDK inhibitor p27, the downregulation of cyclin D1, and the reduction of phosphorylated-Akt and NF-κB activities. IL-8 depletion also increased the chemosensitivity to docetaxel. These results indicate a role for IL-8 in promoting tumor cell survival and resistance to docetaxel and highlight the potential therapeutic significance of IL-8 depletion in ER-negative breast cancer patients.

  17. NREL: Energy Analysis - Key Activities

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Activities NREL conducts a broad range of energy analysis in support of the laboratory's programs and initiatives, DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), technology transfer, and the greater energy analysis community. NREL's recent analysis activities include: Analysis of Project Finance Electric Sector Integration Energy-Water Nexus Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Manufacturing Analysis Resource Assessment POWER-UP Study North American Renewable Integration Study

  18. Keys to improving environmental performance

    SciTech Connect

    Moreau, R.L.; Raught, D.L.

    1996-11-01

    Environmental protection is a mainstream issue in today`s society. Both internal and external drivers motivate the oil and ms industry to continuously improve environmental performance. Companies are integrating environmental considerations into their business plans to a greater extent, and are directing proportionally more resources toward managing these issues. This paper addresses several environmental management focus areas in Exxon`s domestic E&P sector to: (1) manage risks, (2) ensure compliance, (3) improve performance, and (4) assist in the development of balanced legislation and regulations. Specific examples of Production Department programs are discussed, along with keys to success for continued progress in improving performance.

  19. Public/private key certification authority and key distribution. Draft

    SciTech Connect

    Long, J.P.; Christensen, M.J.; Sturtevant, A.P.; Johnston, W.E.

    1995-09-25

    Traditional encryption, which protects messages from prying eyes, has been used for many decades. The present concepts of encryption are built from that heritage. Utilization of modern software-based encryption techniques implies much more than simply converting files to an unreadable form. Ubiquitous use of computers and advances in encryption technology coupled with the use of wide-area networking completely changed the reasons for utilizing encryption technology. The technology demands a new and extensive infrastructure to support these functions. Full understanding of these functions, their utility and value, and the need for an infrastructure, takes extensive exposure to the new paradigm. This paper addresses issues surrounding the establishment and operation of a key management system (i.e., certification authority) that is essential to the successful implementation and wide-spread use of encryption.

  20. Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, Peer Exchange Call: ...

  1. Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Print Wednesday, 28 January 2015 00:00 With an aging population in ...

  2. Bioenergy Key Publications | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Publications Bioenergy Key Publications This overview highlights key publications issued by the U.S. Department of Energy's Bioenergy Technologies Office. bioenergy_key_publications.pdf (333.56 KB) More Documents & Publications 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Plenaries Technology Pathway Selection Effort 2015 Peer Review Presentations-Plenaries

  3. Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions

    SciTech Connect

    Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

    2003-10-01

    The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we

  4. The Brain: Key To a Better Computer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Brain: Key To a Better Computer - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations ... Twitter Google + Vimeo Newsletter Signup SlideShare The Brain: Key To a Better Computer ...

  5. Formerly utilized MED/AEC sites remedial action program post-remedial-action radiological survey of Kent Chemical Laboratory, the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL

    SciTech Connect

    Wynveen, R.A.; Smith, W.H.; Sholeen, C.M.; Justus, A.L.; Flynn, K.F.

    1983-05-01

    A comprehensive radiological assessment of Kent Laboratory was conducted during September 1977, by the ANL Radiological Survey Group to determine if any radioactive contamination remained. The results of the assessment indicated the need for remedial action. Since 1977, the University has decontaminated this laboratory building, and in May 1983, the Department of Energy requested the ANL Radiological Survey Group to conduct a post-remedial-action survey. All the contaminated areas identified during the 1977 assessment were rechecked. Contamination remained in six of the rooms. Further decontamination of these areas was conducted by university personnel, and as a result, these areas are now free of contamination. However, a contaminated clay pipe in the attic remained. The clay pipe has since been removed and disposed of as solid radioactive waste. During the post-remedial-action survey, six soil samples were collected from excavation trenches dug in Rooms 1 and 2 as part of the University's remedial action efforts. Also, four sludge samples were taken from below the manhole covers in the basement of Kent Chemical Laboratory to assess the radiological condition of the sewer system. A radiological assessment of the sewer system had not been accomplished during the 1977 survey as per program direction. Radiochemical (fluorometric) and gamma-spectral analyses indicated that eight out of ten soil and sludge samples contained levels of radioactivity above expected background concentrations. The soil has since been further excavated. The building is now free of radioactive contamination in excess of background levels; however, the sewers do contain radioactive materials above background levels since contamination was found at appropriate access points. 6 references, 16 figures, 7 tables.

  6. Instabilities and chaos in quantum optics II; Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Il Ciocco, Italy, June 28-July 7, 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Abraham, N.B.; Arecchi, F.T.; Lugiato, L.A.

    1988-01-01

    The following topics are considered: laser and maser instabilities, classical and quantum noise, transverse effects, dynamics in optical bistability and nonlinear optical media, and methods of analysis in nonlinear dynamics. Particular papers are presented on multistability and chaos in a two-photon microscopic maser, quantum chaos in quantum optics, spatial chaos in bistable optical arrays, four-wave mixing and dynamics, and bifurcation problems in nonlinear optics.

  7. Heat transfer in ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems. Proceedings of the wanter mnnual Meeting, Chicago, IL, November 16-21, 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Owens, W.L.

    1980-01-01

    Among the topics discussed are: condensation heat transfer on long vertical, axially ridged tubes tests of the Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University (APL/JHU) folded-tube, Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) heat exchanger the design of a 1.0-MW OTEC heat exchanger for ocean testing and convective vaporization and condensation in serrated-fin channels. Also considered are: heat tranfer studies of an improved heat transfer monitor for OTEC an analysis of the mist lift process for mist flow, open-cycle OTEC the heat transfer characteristics of working fluids for OTEC and a comparison of major OTEC power system characteristics.

  8. Luminescent host–guest materials of electrostatically adsorbed Eu{sup 3+}(tta){sub 3}-tpyIL on zeolite L crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Peng; Wang, Dongyue; Liang, Dong; Zhang, Li; Zhang, Shuming; Wang, Yige

    2014-07-01

    Graphical abstract: Luminescent host–guest materials exhibiting tunable emission colors by changing the excitation wavelength are obtained by surface modification of terbium(III) bipyridine-loaded zeolite L crystals with the ionic europium(III) complexes. - Highlights: • Luminescent ionic europium(III) complex was synthesized. • Outer surface of zeolite L was modified by electrostatic adsorption of the ionic complex. • Luminescent host–guest material with tunable emission color was obtained. - Abstract: The surface modification of zeolite L crystals with lanthanide complexes was achieved by electrostatic adsorption of ionic europium(III) complexes that are prepared by the reaction of tris(2-thenoyltrifluoroacetonate) europium(III) dehydrate with an organic salt containing terpyridine moieties on the negative charge-bearing surfaces of zeolite L crystals. Luminescent host–guest materials exhibiting tunable emission colors by changing the excitation wavelength are obtained by surface modification of terbium(III) bipyridine-loaded zeolite L crystals with the ionic europium(III) complexes.

  9. Biogas and alcohol fuels production. Proceedings of the Seminar on Biomass, Energy for City, Farm, and Industry, Chicago, IL, October 25, 26, 1979

    SciTech Connect

    Goldstein, J.

    1980-01-01

    Basic principles of anaerobic digestion are considered along with the status of the Imperial Valley Biogas Project, the Department of Energy program for the recovery of energy and materials from urban waste, the principles of alcohol production from wastes, the mechanical recovery of a refuse-derived cellulosic feedstock for ethanol production, and the production of ethanol from cellulosic biomass. Attention is given to on-farm alcohol fuel production, the current status and future role of gasohol production, methane generation from small scale farms, farmsite installations of energy harvester anaerobic digesters, biogas/composting and landfill recovery, farm-scale composting as an option to anaerobic digestion, designing a high-quality biogas system, and methane as fuel of the future. A description is presented of subjects which are related to landfill gas recovery, biogas purification with permselective membranes, and anaerobic digestion of marine biomass. Other topics studied include the application of biogas technology in India, biogas production in China, biogasification of organic wastes in the Republic of the Philippines, and economics and operational experience of full-scale anaerobic dairy manure digester.

  10. Spin Hall effects in metallic antiferromagnets - perspectives...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    60439, USA, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston IL ... IL 60616, USA Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston IL ...

  11. Energy Savings with Acceptable Indoor Air Quality Through Improved Air Flow Control in Residential Retrofit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Lead Performer: Gas Technology Institute—Des Plaines, IL Partners: -- University of Illinois, Urbana IL -- Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance, Chicago IL

  12. Athletic equipment microbiota are shaped by interactions with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chicago, IL (United States) Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States) MO BIO Lab., Inc., Carlsbad, CA (United States) Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United ...

  13. Fulya Dogan Key | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Fulya Dogan Key Assistant Chemist Telephone (630) 252-1079 E-mail fdogan@anl.gov Projects Interfacial Materials Chemistry

  14. Florida Keys Electric Cooperative- Residential Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The Florida Keys Electric Cooperative rebates were depleted in June of 2015. According to the website, rebates will be offered again dependent upon future funding.

  15. Carotenoid Pigment is the Key to Photoprotection

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS researchers have recently discovered a surprising key event in this energy-quenching process. Photoprotection Through Shifting Pigments Through photosynthesis, plants are able...

  16. PARKING KEY: State Handicap Medically Permitted

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    PARKING KEY: State Handicap Medically Permitted Preferred (LEED) Visitor Motorcycle New Parking Spots Parallel Parking NATIONAL SECURITY CAMPUS The DOE's National Security Campus...

  17. Schedules of Key Environmental Impact Statements

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This document graphically displays the milestone dates and projected schedules of key Environmental Impact Statements (updated monthly). This chart represents anticipated activity and is not a...

  18. Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Print With an aging population in ... diseases affecting the brain and its ability to make new connections and recall memories. ...

  19. Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Print With an aging population in America, it is more important than ever to discover ways to treat or prevent diseases...

  20. Captured key electrical safety lockout system

    DOEpatents

    Darimont, Daniel E.

    1995-01-01

    A safety lockout apparatus for an electrical circuit includes an electrical switch, a key, a lock and a blocking mechanism. The electrical switch is movable between an ON position at which the electrical circuit is energized and an OFF position at which the electrical circuit is deactivated. The lock is adapted to receive the key and is rotatable among a plurality of positions by the key. The key is only insertable and removable when the lock is at a preselected position. The lock is maintained in the preselected position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism physically maintains the switch in its OFF position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism preferably includes a member driven by the lock between a first position at which the electrical switch is movable between its ON and OFF positions and a second position at which the member physically maintains the electrical switch in its OFF position. Advantageously, the driven member's second position corresponds to the preselected position at which the key can be removed from and inserted into the lock.

  1. Captured key electrical safety lockout system

    DOEpatents

    Darimont, D.E.

    1995-10-31

    A safety lockout apparatus for an electrical circuit includes an electrical switch, a key, a lock and a blocking mechanism. The electrical switch is movable between an ON position at which the electrical circuit is energized and an OFF position at which the electrical circuit is deactivated. The lock is adapted to receive the key and is rotatable among a plurality of positions by the key. The key is only insertable and removable when the lock is at a preselected position. The lock is maintained in the preselected position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism physically maintains the switch in its OFF position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism preferably includes a member driven by the lock between a first position at which the electrical switch is movable between its ON and OFF positions and a second position at which the member physically maintains the electrical switch in its OFF position. Advantageously, the driven member`s second position corresponds to the preselected position at which the key can be removed from and inserted into the lock. 7 figs.

  2. LERF Key People Contact List | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    LERF Key People Contact List Program Management: Dr. Stephen Benson LERF Hall Leader felman@jlab.org 757-269-5026 (fax: 757-269-5519) 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Suite 19 Newport News, ...

  3. Explosives performance key to stockpile stewardship

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Explosives performance key to stockpile stewardship Explosives performance key to stockpile stewardship A new video shows how researchers use scientific guns to induce shock waves into explosive materials to study their performance and properties. November 3, 2014 Adam Pacheco of shock and detonation physics presses the "fire" button during an experiment at the two-stage gas gun facility. Adam Pacheco of shock and detonation physics presses the "fire" button during an

  4. 'Thirsty' Metals Key to Longer Battery Lifetimes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    'Thirsty' Metals Key to Longer Battery Lifetimes 'Thirsty' Metals Key to Longer Battery Lifetimes Computations at NERSC show how multiply charged metal ions impact battery capacity June 30, 2014 Contact: Kathy Kincade, +1 510 495 2124, kkincade@lbl.gov PCCPxantheascover Imagine a cell phone battery that lasted a whole week on a single charge. A car battery that worked for months between charges. A massive battery that stores the intermittent electricity from wind turbines and releases it when

  5. STGWG Key Outcomes for May 3, 2010

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Outcomes-Nashville 2010 Page 1 State and Tribal Government Working Group (STGWG) Nashville, Tennessee - May 3, 2010 KEY OUTCOMES OVERVIEW Members appreciated the participation of all DOE officials at the STGWG meeting in Nashville, and are especially appreciative of the participation of high-level DOE management, such as Sky Gallegos, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs, and Frank Marcinowski, Acting Chief Technical Officer and Deputy

  6. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Rail Key Documents TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents KEY DOCUMENTS Radiation Monitoring Subgroup Intermodal Subgroup Planning Subgroup Current FRA State Rail Safety ...

  7. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing Key Documents | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Key Documents TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing Key Documents KEY DOCUMENTS Proposed Task Plan - Routing Topic Group (53.69 KB) More Documents & Publications TEC Working Group ...

  8. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Section 180(c) Key Documents ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Section 180(c) Key Documents TEC Working Group Topic Groups Section 180(c) Key Documents Key Documents Briefing Package for Section 180(c) Implementation - July 2005 Executive ...

  9. Key Activities in Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    About Key Activities in Energy Efficiency Key Activities in Energy Efficiency The Building Technologies Office conducts work in three key areas in order to continually develop ...

  10. 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments...

    Energy Saver

    Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report 2015 Key Water Power Program and ...

  11. 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments...

    Energy Saver

    2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow Addthis 2015 Key Water ...

  12. Public key infrastructure for DOE security research

    SciTech Connect

    Aiken, R.; Foster, I.; Johnston, W.E.

    1997-06-01

    This document summarizes the Department of Energy`s Second Joint Energy Research/Defence Programs Security Research Workshop. The workshop, built on the results of the first Joint Workshop which reviewed security requirements represented in a range of mission-critical ER and DP applications, discussed commonalties and differences in ER/DP requirements and approaches, and identified an integrated common set of security research priorities. One significant conclusion of the first workshop was that progress in a broad spectrum of DOE-relevant security problems and applications could best be addressed through public-key cryptography based systems, and therefore depended upon the existence of a robust, broadly deployed public-key infrastructure. Hence, public-key infrastructure ({open_quotes}PKI{close_quotes}) was adopted as a primary focus for the second workshop. The Second Joint Workshop covered a range of DOE security research and deployment efforts, as well as summaries of the state of the art in various areas relating to public-key technologies. Key findings were that a broad range of DOE applications can benefit from security architectures and technologies built on a robust, flexible, widely deployed public-key infrastructure; that there exists a collection of specific requirements for missing or undeveloped PKI functionality, together with a preliminary assessment of how these requirements can be met; that, while commercial developments can be expected to provide many relevant security technologies, there are important capabilities that commercial developments will not address, due to the unique scale, performance, diversity, distributed nature, and sensitivity of DOE applications; that DOE should encourage and support research activities intended to increase understanding of security technology requirements, and to develop critical components not forthcoming from other sources in a timely manner.

  13. Handling Key AEO2017 Electric Sector Policy Assumptions and Key Model Updates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Key AEO2017 Renewable Electricity Key Model Updates For EIA Renewables Working Group September 1, 2016 By Chris Namovicz Team Leader for Renewable Electricity Analysis Summary of key changes from AEO2016 * AEO 2017 will be a limited release year - Very few side cases and limited analytic write-up (similar to AEO 2015) * We plan on extending the projections to 2050 * Pending any relevant court rulings, the Clean Power Plan will continue to be in the Reference case. * This presentation will focus

  14. Key Management Challenges in Smart Grid

    SciTech Connect

    Sheldon, Frederick T; Duren, Mike

    2012-01-01

    Agenda Awarded in February 2011 Team of industry and research organizations Project Objectives Address difficult issues Complexity Diversity of systems Scale Longevity of solution Participate in standards efforts and working groups Develop innovative key management solutions Modeling and simulation ORNL Cyber Security Econometric Enterprise System Demonstrate effectiveness of solution Demonstrate scalability

  15. Identification of Key Barriers in Workforce Development

    SciTech Connect

    2008-03-31

    This report documents the identification of key barriers in the development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project, being performed under a Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration grant. Many barriers exist that prevent the development of an adequate number of propertly trained national security personnel. Some barriers can be eliminated in a short-term manner, whereas others will involve a long-term strategy that takes into account public policy.

  16. Key Issues in Tribal Energy Development

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Issues in Tribal Energy Development Common Issues, Causes and Solutions Douglas C. MacCourt, Ater Wynne LLP Chair Chair, Executive Committee Indian Law Practice Group Indian Law Section Ater Wynne LLP Oregon State Bar Association dcm@aterwynne.com www.aterwynne.com US DOE Tribal Energy Program/NREL Denver, Colorado October 25-28, 2010 Overview of Presentation * Overview of Handbook * A note on Alaska * Common development issues and solutions 1. Finding Early Stage Risk Capital * Necessary

  17. Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    KEY RENEWABLE ENERGY OPPORTUNITIES FOR OKLAHOMA TRIBES August 13, 2012 COX CONVENTION CENTER 100 West Sheridan Avenue, Oklahoma City, OK 73102 (405) 602-8500 The fifth in a series of planned U.S. DOE Office of Indian Energy-sponsored strategic energy development & investment forums, this forum is designed to give Oklahoma tribal leaders the opportunity to receive the latest updates on DOE's energy development efforts in Indian Country. The Forum will provide a venue for tribal leaders to

  18. Milling of key slots on long shafts

    SciTech Connect

    Agadzhanyan, R.A.; Bogdanenko, Yu.G.

    1987-03-01

    The authors look for and test methods and tool materials for milling key slots into rod pump shafts made of steel-03KH14N7V and K Monel alloy which not only increase the precision of the milling process but also extend the life of the milling tool. Their test parameters include various methods for introduction of the cutting fluid into the milling process, the effect of carbonitridation of the tool material, and the productivity of the machine itself.

  19. Three key elements necessary for successful testing

    SciTech Connect

    Ehlig-Economides, C.A.; Hegeman, P. ); Clark, G. )

    1994-07-25

    Real-time surface readout during data acquisition, downhole shutting, and appropriate pressure gauges are three key elements for successful well tests. These elements are often overlooked in designing and implementing a successful well test. This second in a series of three articles on well testing shows how these elements affected the testing of an example well. Also reviewed are the capabilities of several new testing tools and techniques.

  20. Key Physical Mechanisms in Nanostructured Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect

    Dr Stephan Bremner

    2010-07-21

    The objective of the project was to study both theoretically and experimentally the excitation, recombination and transport properties required for nanostructured solar cells to deliver energy conversion efficiencies well in excess of conventional limits. These objectives were met by concentrating on three key areas, namely, investigation of physical mechanisms present in nanostructured solar cells, characterization of loss mechanisms in nanostructured solar cells and determining the properties required of nanostructured solar cells in order to achieve high efficiency and the design implications.

  1. New Security Results on Encrypted Key Exchange

    SciTech Connect

    Bresson, Emmanuel; Chevassut, Olivier; Pointcheval, David

    2003-12-15

    Schemes for encrypted key exchange are designed to provide two entities communicating over a public network, and sharing a (short) password only, with a session key to be used to achieve data integrity and/or message confidentiality. An example of a very efficient and ''elegant'' scheme for encrypted key exchange considered for standardization by the IEEE P1363 Standard working group is AuthA. This scheme was conjectured secure when the symmetric-encryption primitive is instantiated via either a cipher that closely behaves like an ''ideal cipher,'' or a mask generation function that is the product of the message with a hash of the password. While the security of this scheme in the former case has been recently proven, the latter case was still an open problem. For the first time we prove in this paper that this scheme is secure under the assumptions that the hash function closely behaves like a random oracle and that the computational Diffie-Hellman problem is difficult. Furthermore, since Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks have become a common threat we enhance AuthA with a mechanism to protect against them.

  2. Fermilab | Science | Particle Physics | Key Discoveries

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Discoveries Fermilab produced its first high-energy particle beam on March 1, 1972. Since then hundreds of experiments have used Fermilab's accelerators to study matter at ever smaller scales and its detectors to study the universe at great distances. Here an overview of the top achievements so far. Discovery of the Higgs boson Discovery of the top quark Discovery of the bottom quark Observation of tau neutrino Discovery of a quasar at a distance of 27 billion light-years Observation of

  3. Cryptographic Key Management and Critical Risk Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Abercrombie, Robert K

    2014-05-01

    The Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) CyberSecurity for Energy Delivery Systems (CSEDS) industry led program (DE-FOA-0000359) entitled "Innovation for Increasing CyberSecurity for Energy Delivery Systems (12CSEDS)," awarded a contract to Sypris Electronics LLC to develop a Cryptographic Key Management System for the smart grid (Scalable Key Management Solutions for Critical Infrastructure Protection). Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Sypris Electronics, LLC as a result of that award entered into a CRADA (NFE-11-03562) between ORNL and Sypris Electronics, LLC. ORNL provided its Cyber Security Econometrics System (CSES) as a tool to be modified and used as a metric to address risks and vulnerabilities in the management of cryptographic keys within the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) domain of the electric sector. ORNL concentrated our analysis on the AMI domain of which the National Electric Sector Cyber security Organization Resource (NESCOR) Working Group 1 (WG1) has documented 29 failure scenarios. The computational infrastructure of this metric involves system stakeholders, security requirements, system components and security threats. To compute this metric, we estimated the stakes that each stakeholder associates with each security requirement, as well as stochastic matrices that represent the probability of a threat to cause a component failure and the probability of a component failure to cause a security requirement violation. We applied this model to estimate the security of the AMI, by leveraging the recently established National Institute of Standards and Technology Interagency Report (NISTIR) 7628 guidelines for smart grid security and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 63351, Part 9 to identify the life cycle for cryptographic key management, resulting in a vector that assigned to each stakeholder an estimate of their average loss in terms of dollars per day of system

  4. Key rate for calibration robust entanglement based BB84 quantum key distribution protocol

    SciTech Connect

    Gittsovich, O.; Moroder, T.

    2014-12-04

    We apply the approach of verifying entanglement, which is based on the sole knowledge of the dimension of the underlying physical system to the entanglement based version of the BB84 quantum key distribution protocol. We show that the familiar one-way key rate formula holds already if one assumes the assumption that one of the parties is measuring a qubit and no further assumptions about the measurement are needed.

  5. Method for encryption and transmission of digital keying data

    DOEpatents

    Mniszewski, Susan M.; Springer, Edward A.; Brenner, David P.

    1988-01-01

    A method for the encryption, transmission, and subsequent decryption of digital keying data. The method utilizes the Data Encryption Standard and is implemented by means of a pair of apparatus, each of which is selectable to operate as either a master unit or remote unit. Each unit contains a set of key encryption keys which are indexed by a common indexing system. The master unit operates upon command from the remote unit to generate a data encryption key and encrypt the data encryption key using a preselected key encryption key. The encrypted data encryption key and an index designator are then downloaded to the remote unit, where the data encryption key is decrypted for subsequent use in the encryption and transmission data. Downloading of the encrypted data encryption key enables frequent change of keys without requiring manual entry or storage of keys at the remote unit.

  6. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Tribal Key Documents | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Key Documents TEC Working Group Topic Groups Tribal Key Documents Key Documents Tribal Discussions on Grant Program (56.04 KB) Native American Map (731.69 KB) Task Plan 1 - Tribal ...

  7. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Security Key Documents | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Key Documents TEC Working Group Topic Groups Security Key Documents Key Documents Security TG Work Plan August 7, 2006 (24.31 KB) Security Lessons Learned Document August 2, 2006 ...

  8. Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers and How to Improve Water Efficiency Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers and How to Improve ...

  9. Keys to Successful Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Keys to Successful Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs (101) Keys to Successful Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs (101) January 28...

  10. Road Blocks Yield Key Information about a Catalyst | The Ames...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Road Blocks Yield Key Information about a Catalyst Researchers systematically blocked key chemical reaction pathways to get unambiguous information about how carbon-nitrogen bonds ...

  11. Focus Series: Program Finds Community "Readiness" Is the Key...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Program Finds Community "Readiness" Is the Key to More Retrofits Focus Series: Program Finds Community "Readiness" Is the Key to More Retrofits Focus Series: Program Finds ...

  12. Key Publications - Natural Gas Regulation | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    Services Natural Gas Regulation Key Publications - Natural Gas Regulation Key Publications - Natural Gas Regulation Natural Gas Imports and Exports - Quarterly Reports ...

  13. Technology Key to Harnessing Natural Gas Potential | Department...

    Energy Saver

    Key to Harnessing Natural Gas Potential Technology Key to Harnessing Natural Gas Potential July 18, 2012 - 3:52pm Addthis Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman tours Proinlosa Energy ...

  14. Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential...

    Energy Saver

    Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of Domestic Natural Gas Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of Domestic ...

  15. Self-Referenced Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Self-Referenced Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution Protocol Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Self-Referenced Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution ...

  16. Keys to Successful Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Keys to Successful Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs (101) Keys to Successful Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs (101) Better Buildings Residential Network ...

  17. 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments

    Energy Saver

    Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments | 1 | Powering the Energy Revolution through Wind Evolution ...

  18. Energy: Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific...

    Energy Saver

    Energy: Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) Energy: Critical Infrastructure and Key ...

  19. Spotlight on Key Program Strategies from the Better Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Spotlight on Key Program Strategies from the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, Final Evaluation Volume 6 Spotlight on Key Program Strategies from the Better Buildings Neighborhood ...

  20. Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes August 13, 2012 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Cox Convention Center The...

  1. Physicists in China Nail a Key Neutrino Measurement (Science...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in China Nail a Key Neutrino Measurement (Science) External Link: http:news.sciencemag.orgsciencenow201203physicists-in-china-nail-a-key.htm... By jlabadmin on Thu, ...

  2. Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery The new research could lead to better understanding of ...

  3. 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments | 1 | 2015 Key Water Power Program and National ...

  4. Energy Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) Energy Critical Infrastructure and Key ...

  5. Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. ...

  6. PEM Fuel Cell Technology, Key Research Needs and Approaches ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technology, Key Research Needs and Approaches (Presentation) PEM Fuel Cell Technology, Key Research Needs and Approaches (Presentation) Presented at the DOE Fuel Cell ...

  7. Communication Is Key to Packaging and Transportation Safety and...

    Energy Saver

    Communication Is Key to Packaging and Transportation Safety and Compliance Communication Is Key to Packaging and Transportation Safety and Compliance Presentation made by Steve ...

  8. GE Key Partner in Innovation Institutes | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    GE Is Key Partner in Manufacturing Innovation Institutes Click to email this to a friend ... GE Is Key Partner in Manufacturing Innovation Institutes GE Global Research ...

  9. Injection Laser System

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Injection Laser System For each of NIF's 192 beams: The pulse shape as a function of time ... NIF's injection laser system (ILS) plays a key role in meeting these three requirements. ...

  10. ATPESC gives participants a crash course in supercomputing |...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hall in St. Charles, IL for an arduous training program designed to teach them the key skills and tools needed to efficiently use leading-edge supercomputers. Packed with...

  11. Low-Power Public Key Cryptography

    SciTech Connect

    BEAVER,CHERYL L.; DRAELOS,TIMOTHY J.; HAMILTON,VICTORIA A.; SCHROEPPEL,RICHARD C.; GONZALES,RITA A.; MILLER,RUSSELL D.; THOMAS,EDWARD V.

    2000-11-01

    This report presents research on public key, digital signature algorithms for cryptographic authentication in low-powered, low-computation environments. We assessed algorithms for suitability based on their signature size, and computation and storage requirements. We evaluated a variety of general purpose and special purpose computing platforms to address issues such as memory, voltage requirements, and special functionality for low-powered applications. In addition, we examined custom design platforms. We found that a custom design offers the most flexibility and can be optimized for specific algorithms. Furthermore, the entire platform can exist on a single Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) or can be integrated with commercially available components to produce the desired computing platform.

  12. SECTION L -ATTACHMENT B - LISTING OF KEY PERSONNEL

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    H SECTION J APPENDIX H KEY PERSONNEL [Note: To be inserted by the Contracting Officer after

  13. Finite-key security analysis of quantum key distribution with imperfect light sources

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Mizutani, Akihiro; Curty, Marcos; Lim, Charles Ci Wen; Imoto, Nobuyuki; Tamaki, Kiyoshi

    2015-09-09

    In recent years, the gap between theory and practice in quantum key distribution (QKD) has been significantly narrowed, particularly for QKD systems with arbitrarily flawed optical receivers. The status for QKD systems with imperfect light sources is however less satisfactory, in the sense that the resulting secure key rates are often overly dependent on the quality of state preparation. This is especially the case when the channel loss is high. Very recently, to overcome this limitation, Tamaki et al proposed a QKD protocol based on the so-called 'rejected data analysis', and showed that its security in the limit of infinitelymore » long keys is almost independent of any encoding flaw in the qubit space, being this protocol compatible with the decoy state method. Here, as a step towards practical QKD, we show that a similar conclusion is reached in the finite-key regime, even when the intensity of the light source is unstable. More concretely, we derive security bounds for a wide class of realistic light sources and show that the bounds are also efficient in the presence of high channel loss. Our results strongly suggest the feasibility of long distance provably secure communication with imperfect light sources.« less

  14. Finite-key security analysis of quantum key distribution with imperfect light sources

    SciTech Connect

    Mizutani, Akihiro; Curty, Marcos; Lim, Charles Ci Wen; Imoto, Nobuyuki; Tamaki, Kiyoshi

    2015-09-09

    In recent years, the gap between theory and practice in quantum key distribution (QKD) has been significantly narrowed, particularly for QKD systems with arbitrarily flawed optical receivers. The status for QKD systems with imperfect light sources is however less satisfactory, in the sense that the resulting secure key rates are often overly dependent on the quality of state preparation. This is especially the case when the channel loss is high. Very recently, to overcome this limitation, Tamaki et al proposed a QKD protocol based on the so-called 'rejected data analysis', and showed that its security in the limit of infinitely long keys is almost independent of any encoding flaw in the qubit space, being this protocol compatible with the decoy state method. Here, as a step towards practical QKD, we show that a similar conclusion is reached in the finite-key regime, even when the intensity of the light source is unstable. More concretely, we derive security bounds for a wide class of realistic light sources and show that the bounds are also efficient in the presence of high channel loss. Our results strongly suggest the feasibility of long distance provably secure communication with imperfect light sources.

  15. Key management for large scale end-to-end encryption

    SciTech Connect

    Witzke, E.L.

    1994-07-01

    Symmetric end-to-end encryption requires separate keys for each pair of communicating confidants. This is a problem of Order N{sup 2}. Other factors, such as multiple sessions per pair of confidants and multiple encryption points in the ISO Reference Model complicate key management by linear factors. Public-key encryption can reduce the number of keys managed to a linear problem which is good for scaleability of key management, but comes with complicating issues and performance penalties. Authenticity is the primary ingredient of key management. If each potential pair of communicating confidants can authenticate data from each other, then any number of public encryption keys of any type can be communicated with requisite integrity. These public encryption keys can be used with the corresponding private keys to exchange symmetric cryptovariables for high data rate privacy protection. The Digital Signature Standard (DSS), which has been adopted by the United States Government, has both public and private components, similar to a public-key cryptosystem. The Digital Signature Algorithm of the DSS is intended for authenticity but not for secrecy. In this paper, the authors will show how the use of the Digital Signature Algorithm combined with both symmetric and asymmetric (public-key) encryption techniques can provide a practical solution to key management scaleability problems, by reducing the key management complexity to a problem of order N, without sacrificing the encryption speed necessary to operate in high performance networks.

  16. Florida Keys El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Keys El Coop Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Florida Keys El Coop Assn, Inc Place: Florida Phone Number: 305-852-2431 Website: www.fkec.com Twitter: @FLKeysElectric...

  17. 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 1 of 32 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program ...

  18. Key Activities in Wind Energy | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    About the Program Key Activities in Wind Energy Key Activities in Wind Energy In order to reduce the cost of wind power technologies and accelerate the deployment of wind power, ...

  19. Could Solar Energy Storage be Key for Residential Solar? | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Could Solar Energy Storage be Key for Residential Solar? Could Solar Energy Storage be Key for Residential Solar? October 26, 2010 - 4:52pm Addthis This is the silent power storage ...

  20. Solid Electrolyte: the Key for High-Voltage Lithium Batteries...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Solid Electrolyte: the Key for High-Voltage Lithium Batteries Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Solid Electrolyte: the Key for High-Voltage Lithium Batteries Authors: Li, ...

  1. June2010KeyEISChart.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    June2010KeyEISChart.pdf June2010KeyEISChart.pdf June2010KeyEISChart.pdf (59.25 KB) More Documents & Publications Schedules of Key Environmental Impact Statements Demonstration of a Variable Phase Turbine Power System for Low Temperature Geothermal Resources A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchhill Co., NV

  2. 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Slideshow | Department of Energy 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow Addthis 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report 1 of 28 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report By accelerating the development of markets for hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) projects, the Water Power Program is striving

  3. 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow Addthis 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 1 of 32 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program is committed to helping the nation secure cost-competitive sources of renewable energy through the development and deployment of innovative

  4. Residential Energy Efficiency Financing: Key Elements of Program Design

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents key programmatic elements and context of financing initiatives, including contractor support, rebates, quality assurance, and more.

  5. SECTION L -ATTACHMENT B - LISTING OF KEY PERSONNEL

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    B, Page 1 SECTION L ATTACHMENT B LISTING OF KEY PERSONNEL TITLE NAME Note: Addremove extra rows if needed...

  6. 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Slideshow | Department of Energy 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Slideshow 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report 1 of 28 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report By accelerating the development of markets for hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) projects, the Water Power Program is striving to

  7. 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 1 of 32 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program is committed to helping the nation secure cost-competitive sources of renewable energy through the development and deployment of innovative wind power technologies. By investing in

  8. Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Dates Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship (AEF) Program Einstein Fellowship Home Eligibility Benefits Obligations How to Apply Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Fellows Central Contact WDTS Home Key Dates Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Key Dates for the 2017-2018 AEF Program Application process. On-line Application Opens August 17, 2016 Application Deadline 8:00pm EST November 17, 2016 Application Review 8 - 9 weeks Notification to Semi-Finalists [Travel

  9. Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Dates DOE Office of Science Graduate Student Research (SCGSR) Program SCGSR Home Eligibility Benefits Participant Obligations How to Apply Information for Laboratory Scientists and Thesis Advisors Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home Key Dates Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The SCGSR Program Key Dates are noted below. At the submission deadline (shown in red), the online application system will close after which no additional materials will be accepted. The

  10. Fuel Cell Technologies Office Key Activities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    About the Fuel Cell Technologies Office » Fuel Cell Technologies Office Key Activities Fuel Cell Technologies Office Key Activities The Fuel Cell Technologies Office conducts work in several key areas to advance the development and commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Research, Development, and Demonstration Key areas of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) include the following: Fuel Cell R&D, which seeks to improve the durability, reduce the cost, and

  11. Key Activities of the Geothermal Technologies Office | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    About the Geothermal Technologies Office » Key Activities of the Geothermal Technologies Office Key Activities of the Geothermal Technologies Office Key activities for the Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) include research, development and demonstration; system validation; technology validation; strategic planning, analysis, and R&D integration. Specific activities are summarized below. Program Area Activities Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) GTO conducts research, development and

  12. A key management concept for the CTBT International Monitoring System

    SciTech Connect

    Herrington, P.; Draelos, T.; Craft, R.; Brickell, E.; Frankel, Y.; Silvestri, M.

    1997-08-01

    Cryptographic authentication (commonly referred to as ``technical authentication`` in Working Group B) is an enabling technology which ensures the integrity of sensor data and security of digital networks under various data security compromise scenarios. The use of cryptographic authentication,however, implies the development of a key management infrastructure for establishing trust in the generation and distribution of cryptographic keys. This paper proposes security and operational requirements for a CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) key management system and, furthermore, presents a public key based solution satisfying the requirements. The key management system is instantiated with trust distribution technologies similar to those currently implemented in industrial public key infrastructures. A complete system solution is developed.

  13. Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes August 13, 2012 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Cox Convention Center The Office of Indian Energy Tribal Leader Energy Forum on Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes was held August 13, 2012, in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The forum gave Oklahoma tribal leaders the opportunity to receive the latest updates on DOE's energy development efforts in Indian Country and

  14. 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy 5 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Program is committed to developing and deploying a portfolio of innovative technologies and market solutions for clean, domestic power generation from water resources across the United States. By

  15. 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program is committed to helping the nation secure cost-competitive sources of renewable energy through the development and deployment of innovative wind power technologies. By investing in improvements to wind plant design, technology development, and operation as

  16. Key Board Products and Special Reports - Hanford Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Board Products and Special Reports Hanford Advisory Board Convening Report SSAB Guidance Memorandum of Understanding Membership Nomination and Appointment Process Operating Ground Rules Calendars Advice and Responses Full Board Meeting Information Committee Meeting Information Outgoing Board Correspondence Key Board Products and Special Reports HAB Annual Report HAB and Committee Lists Points of Contact Related Links Key Board Products and Special Reports Email Email Page | Print Print Page

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy About the Vehicle Technologies Office » Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: Key Activities in Vehicles We conduct work in four key areas to develop and deploy vehicle technologies that reduce the use of petroleum while maintaining or improving performance, power, and comfort. Research and development (R&D); testing and analysis; government and community stakeholder support; and education help people access and use efficient, clean

  18. DOE Announces More Key Administration Posts | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Key Administration Posts DOE Announces More Key Administration Posts March 20, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals to key administration posts: Dr. Steven E. Koonin, Under Secretary for Science, Department of Energy; David Sandalow, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs, Department of Energy; Ambassador Johnnie Carson, Assistant Secretary for African Affairs, State Department; Kathy

  19. Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Activities Key Activities Key Activities Bringing Innovative Manufacturing Technologies and Materials to Full "To Scale" Industrial Use Innovation is inherent in all of AMO's investment activities helping small, medium, and large manufacturers develop cutting-edge clean energy products and technology that reduce energy consumption in every stage or place it is used in industry. Built upon a foundation of strong public-private partnerships, our support of advanced manufacturing

  20. Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Dates Visiting Faculty Program (VFP) VFP Home Eligibility Benefits Participant Obligations How to Apply Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home Key Dates Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page At the submission deadline (shown in red) the application system will close, and no materials will be accepted after the submission deadline has passed. The Application System closes at 5:00 PM Eastern Time. VFP Term: Summer 2017 On-line Application Opens October 17, 2016 Applications

  1. Hydrodynamic experiment provides key data for Stockpile Stewardship

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrodynamic experiment provides Stockpile Stewardship key data Los Alamos hydrodynamic experiment provides key data for Stockpile Stewardship Hydrodynamic experiments such as Leda involve non-nuclear surrogate materials that mimic many of the properties of nuclear materials. December 22, 2014 Los Alamos hydrodynamic experiment provides key data for Stockpile Stewardship "Leda," experimental vessel in the "Zero Room" at the underground U1a facility, at the Nevada National

  2. Key Energy-Saving Projects for Smaller Facilities | Department...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    save energy and how the Industrial Assessment Centers can help. Briggs & Stratton provides examples of projects and implementation plans which worked for them. Key Energy-Saving ...

  3. Expert Meeting Report: Key Innovations for Adding Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... with the 2012 International Builders' Show (IBS) on February 8, 2012, in Orlando, Florida. ... (IBS) on February 8, 2012, in Orlando, Florida, titled Key Innovations for Adding Energy ...

  4. President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Addthis THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary WASHINGTON - Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals to key Administration ...

  5. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents Intermodal...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Intermodal Subgroup TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents Intermodal Subgroup Intermodal Subgroup Draft Work Plan (206.83 KB) More Documents & Publications TEC Working ...

  6. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents Radiation Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents Radiation Monitoring Subgroup Radiation Monitoring Subgroup Draft Work Plan - February 4, 2008 (114.02 KB) More Documents & ...

  7. Key Practical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Key Pratical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Gorup, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2002.

  8. Pantex Plant Achieves Key Safety Milestone Ahead of Schedule...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Achieves Key Safety Milestone Ahead of Schedule | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

  9. Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime Fuel Economy Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime Fuel Economy ...

  10. Liquid Water the Key to Arctic Cloud Radiative Closure

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Water the Key to Arctic Cloud Radiative Closure For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govsciencehighlights Research Highlight...

  11. Geothermal Regulations in Colorado - Land Ownership is the Key...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Geothermal Regulations in Colorado - Land Ownership is the Key Abstract Geothermal resources in...

  12. Keys to Successful Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs (101)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Keys to Successful Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs (101), call slides and discussion summary.

  13. Key Parameters Governing the Energy Density of Rechargeable Li...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of Rechargeable LiS Batteries Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Key Parameters Governing the Energy Density of Rechargeable LiS Batteries Authors: Gao, Jie ; ...

  14. California Energy Incentive Programs: An Annual Update on Key...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Incentive Programs: An Annual Update on Key Energy Issues and Financial Opportunities for Federal Sites in California California Energy Incentive Programs: An Annual Update ...

  15. LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sediment control project LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project Called "grade-control" structures, the approximately 2 million features are up to eight feet high and...

  16. Geothermal regulations in Colorado---land ownership is the key...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ownership is the key Author P. Morgan Published Journal Geothermal Resources Council- Transactions, 2012 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org...

  17. Advanced Analysis Software Key to New, Energy-Efficient Technologies...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Analysis Software Key to New, Energy-Efficient Technologies Leveraging Scientific and Engineering Know-How to Advance Sources of Renewable Energy Argonne National ...

  18. Hydrodynamic experiment provides key data for Stockpile Stewardship

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    weapon performance in the absence of full-scale underground nuclear testing," said Webster. Los Alamos hydrodynamic experiment provides key data for Stockpile Stewardship In...

  19. Rapid Compression Machine … A Key Experimental Device to Effectively...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    to Effectively Collaborate with Basic Energy Sciences Rapid Compression Machine A Key Experimental Device to Effectively Collaborate with Basic Energy Sciences 2011 DOE ...

  20. Water dynamics clue to key residues in protein folding

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, Meng [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)] [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Zhu, Huaiqiu, E-mail: hqzhu@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)] [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Yao, Xin-Qiu [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Department of Biophysics, Kyoto University, Sakyo Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); She, Zhen-Su, E-mail: she@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)] [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2010-01-29

    A computational method independent of experimental protein structure information is proposed to recognize key residues in protein folding, from the study of hydration water dynamics. Based on all-atom molecular dynamics simulation, two key residues are recognized with distinct water dynamical behavior in a folding process of the Trp-cage protein. The identified key residues are shown to play an essential role in both 3D structure and hydrophobic-induced collapse. With observations on hydration water dynamics around key residues, a dynamical pathway of folding can be interpreted.

  1. NREL Fills Key Leadership Role for Energy Systems Security and...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Fills Key Leadership Role for Energy Systems Security and Resilience April 6, 2015 Dr. ... a smart home, electricity storage, an electric vehicle charging station and solar panels. ...

  2. Energy Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Energy Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) May 2007 Department of Energy Energy Sector ...

  3. SECTION L -ATTACHMENT B - LISTING OF KEY PERSONNEL

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    B, Page 1 SECTION L ATTACHMENT B LISTING OF KEY PERSONNEL TITLE NAME [Note: Add/remove extra rows if needed]

  4. PEM Fuel Cell Technology, Key Research Needs and Approaches ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    PEM FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY Key Research Needs and Approaches Tom Jarvi UTC Power South ... Stationary CHP 40-80,000 hr components - seals, membranes Water management Robust systems ...

  5. Analysis of natural gases, AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KY, LA, MD, MI, MS, MO, NJ, NY, NC, OH, PA, TN, VA, and WV; 1951-1991 (for microcomputers). Data file

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    The U.S. Bureau of Mines diskette contains analysis and related source data for 2,357 natural gas samples collected from miscellaneous states, which include the following states: Alabama, Arkansas (except Arkoma Basin), Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. All samples were obtained and analyzed as part of the Bureau's investigations of occurrences of helium in natural gases of countries with free market economies. The survey has been conducted since 1917. The analysis contained on the diskette contain the full range of component analysis data. Five files are on the diskette: READ.ME, MISC.TXT, MISC.DBF, USHEANAL.DBF, and BASINCDE.TXT.

  6. Practical issues in quantum-key-distribution postprocessing

    SciTech Connect

    Fung, C.-H. Fred; Chau, H. F. [Department of Physics and Center of Theoretical and Computational Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong); Ma Xiongfeng [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W., Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1 (Canada)

    2010-01-15

    Quantum key distribution (QKD) is a secure key generation method between two distant parties by wisely exploiting properties of quantum mechanics. In QKD, experimental measurement outcomes on quantum states are transformed by the two parties to a secret key. This transformation is composed of many logical steps (as guided by security proofs), which together will ultimately determine the length of the final secret key and its security. We detail the procedure for performing such classical postprocessing taking into account practical concerns (including the finite-size effect and authentication and encryption for classical communications). This procedure is directly applicable to realistic QKD experiments and thus serves as a recipe that specifies what postprocessing operations are needed and what the security level is for certain lengths of the keys. Our result is applicable to the BB84 protocol with a single or entangled photon source.

  7. Apparatus, system, and method for synchronizing a timer key

    DOEpatents

    Condit, Reston A; Daniels, Michael A; Clemens, Gregory P; Tomberlin, Eric S; Johnson, Joel A

    2014-04-22

    A timer key relating to monitoring a countdown time of a countdown routine of an electronic device is disclosed. The timer key comprises a processor configured to respond to a countdown time associated with operation of the electronic device, a display operably coupled with the processor, and a housing configured to house at least the processor. The housing has an associated structure configured to engage with the electronic device to share the countdown time between the electronic device and the timer key. The processor is configured to begin a countdown routine based at least in part on the countdown time, wherein the countdown routine is at least substantially synchronized with a countdown routine of the electronic device when the timer key is removed from the electronic device. A system and method for synchronizing countdown routines of a timer key and an electronic device are also disclosed.

  8. Authenticated group Diffie-Hellman key exchange: theory and practice

    SciTech Connect

    Chevassut, Olivier

    2002-10-03

    Authenticated two-party Diffie-Hellman key exchange allows two principals A and B, communicating over a public network, and each holding a pair of matching public/private keys to agree on a session key. Protocols designed to deal with this problem ensure A (B resp.)that no other principals aside from B (A resp.) can learn any information about this value. These protocols additionally often ensure A and B that their respective partner has actually computed the shared secret value. A natural extension to the above cryptographic protocol problem is to consider a pool of principals agreeing on a session key. Over the years several papers have extended the two-party Diffie-Hellman key exchange to the multi-party setting but no formal treatments were carried out till recently. In light of recent developments in the formalization of the authenticated two-party Diffie-Hellman key exchange we have in this thesis laid out the authenticated group Diffie-Hellman key exchange on firmer foundations.

  9. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Swenson Evaporator Co -...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    IL.23-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 IL.23-1 Site Operations: Scheduled a raffinate spray drying test that was later cancelled. IL.23-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No indication...

  10. Southwestern Power Administration

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    032614 Correspondence between SWPA and 13 members of Congress: Paul Broun, R-GA, Rodney Davis R-IL, John Delaney, D-MD, Jeff Denham R-CA. Robert Dold R-IL, Bill Enyart D-IL, Bill...

  11. Development of a public key infrastructure across multiple enterprises

    SciTech Connect

    Sharick, T.M.; Long, J.P.; Desind, B.J.

    1997-05-01

    Main-stream applications are beginning to incorporate public key cryptography. It can be difficult to deploy this technology without a robust infrastructure to support it. It can also be difficult to deploy a public key infrastructure among multiple enterprises when different applications and standards must be supported. This discussion chronicles the efforts by a team within the US Department of Energy`s Nuclear Weapons Complex to build a public key infrastructure and deploy applications that use it. The emphasis of this talk will be on the lessons learned during this effort and an assessment of the overall impact of this technology.

  12. Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Dates National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Competitions National Finals Volunteers Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions News Media Contact Us WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 E: Email Us Key Dates Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page 2017 National Science Bowl Calendar of Events For regional event dates, be sure to review your school regional location

  13. Iron is the Key to Preserving Dinosaur Soft Tissue

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in the samples contained original soft tissue material from Mesozoic dinosaurs. The x-ray techniques at the ALS were key to showing a possible mechanism for this unexpected...

  14. Building America Expert Meeting: Key Innovations for Adding Energy...

    Energy Saver

    This report describes an expert meeting hosted by the Building America research team NAHB Research Center, which was held on February 8, 2012, in Orlando, Florida. The topic, Key ...

  15. Key Mobility Challenges in Indian Cities | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    from the LEDS Global Partnership. When to Use This Tool While building a low emission strategy for your country's transportation system, this tool is most useful during these key...

  16. EnergySmart Schools National Financing Roundtable - Key Outcomes

    SciTech Connect

    2009-04-01

    This document presents key outcomes from the EnergySmart Schools National Financing Roundtable as a follow-up to the release of its Guide to FInancing EnergySmart Schools

  17. Copper is Key in Burning Fat, New Study Finds

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Copper is Key in Burning Fat, New Study Finds A new study led by a Berkeley Lab scientist ... Researchers want to explore if a copper deficiency is linked to obesity and obesity ...

  18. Quantum key distribution using card, base station and trusted authority

    DOEpatents

    Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Hughes, Richard John; Newell, Raymond Thorson; Peterson, Charles Glen; Rosenberg, Danna; McCabe, Kevin Peter; Tyagi, Kush T; Dallman, Nicholas

    2015-04-07

    Techniques and tools for quantum key distribution ("QKD") between a quantum communication ("QC") card, base station and trusted authority are described herein. In example implementations, a QC card contains a miniaturized QC transmitter and couples with a base station. The base station provides a network connection with the trusted authority and can also provide electric power to the QC card. When coupled to the base station, after authentication by the trusted authority, the QC card acquires keys through QKD with a trusted authority. The keys can be used to set up secure communication, for authentication, for access control, or for other purposes. The QC card can be implemented as part of a smart phone or other mobile computing device, or the QC card can be used as a fillgun for distribution of the keys.

  19. Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to:...

  20. Key energy efficiency measures signed into law by President Obama...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Key energy efficiency measures signed into law by President Obama Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2017) Super contributor 2...

  1. Reply to 'Comment on 'Quantum dense key distribution''

    SciTech Connect

    Degiovanni, I.P.; Berchera, I. Ruo; Castelletto, S.; Rastello, M.L.; Bovino, F.A.; Colla, A.M.; Castagnoli, G.

    2005-01-01

    In this Reply we propose a modified security proof of the quantum dense key distribution protocol, detecting also the eavesdropping attack proposed by Wojcik in his Comment [Wojcik, Phys. Rev. A 71, 016301 (2005)].

  2. NREL: Wind Research - NREL and Partners Review Key Issues, Lessons...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL and Partners Review Key Issues, Lessons Learned from U.S. Wind Integration Studies and Operating Practices April 17, 2015 As a complement to DOE's recently released Wind...

  3. Potential for Hydrogen Production from Key Renewable Resources...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Potential for Hydrogen Production from Key Renewable Resources in the United States A. Milbrandt and M. Mann Technical Report NRELTP-640-41134 February 2007 NREL is operated by...

  4. Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels August 11, 2011 - 3:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- A team of researchers at the Department of Energy's BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) have pinpointed the exact, single gene that controls ethanol production capacity in a microorganism. This discovery could be the missing link in developing biomass crops that produce higher concentrations

  5. Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases | OSTI, US

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2007 The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports,

  6. Key-and-keyway coupling for transmitting torque

    DOEpatents

    Blue, S.C.; Curtis, M.T.; Orthwein, W.C.; Stitt, D.H.

    1975-11-18

    The design of an improved key-and-keyway coupling for the transmission of torque is given. The coupling provides significant reductions in stress concentrations in the vicinity of the key and keyway. The keyway is designed with a flat-bottomed u-shaped portion whose inboard end terminates in a ramp which is dished transversely, so that the surface of the ramp as viewed in transverse section defines an outwardly concave arc.

  7. President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy November 29, 2011 - 4:34pm Addthis THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASENovember 29, 2011 President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts WASHINGTON, DC - Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals to key Administration posts: Frederick "Rick" Barton - Assistant Secretary for Conflict and Stabilization Operations and Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization, Department of State Arun

  8. 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments | 1 | 2015 Key Water Power Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Program is committed to developing and deploying a portfolio of innovative technologies and market solutions for clean, domestic power generation from water resources across the United States. By accelerating the development of markets for

  9. Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Domestic Natural Gas | Department of Energy Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of Domestic Natural Gas Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of Domestic Natural Gas October 30, 2014 - 9:20am Addthis Natural gas provides numerous benefits to millions of Americans daily, whether it's being used to heat or air condition homes and businesses, cook meals, or power vehicles. But most people who take advantage of this versatile and

  10. Energy Storage: The Key to a Reliable, Clean Electricity Supply |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Storage: The Key to a Reliable, Clean Electricity Supply Energy Storage: The Key to a Reliable, Clean Electricity Supply February 22, 2012 - 4:52pm Addthis Improved energy storage technology offers a number of economic and environmental benefits. Improved energy storage technology offers a number of economic and environmental benefits. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? ARPA-E's GRIDS program

  11. NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery NERSC, Berkeley Lab Now Centers for Computational Cosmology Community October 4, 2011 Contact: Jon Bashor, jbashor@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 5849 In the 1990s, Saul Perlmutter discovered that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate. He confirmed his observational conclusions by running thousands of simulations at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Lawrence

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- GSA 39th Street Warehouse...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    GSA 39th Street Warehouse - IL 02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: GSA 39TH STREET WAREHOUSE (IL.02 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated ...

  13. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    - Grantsburg, IL and Noble, IL FESCCStorage Division Bruce Brown A Nonconventional CO2-EOR Target in the Illinois Basin: Oil Reservoirs of the.. Project planning, data...

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Max Zuckerman and Sons ...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - IL 30 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MAX ZUCKERMAN & SONS (IL.30 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 1925...

  15. EIS-0394: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Planning, Design, Construction and Operation a Coal Fueled Electric Power and Hydrogen Gas Production Plant, Four Alternative Sites: Mattoon, IL, Tuscola, IL, Jewett, TX and...

  16. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Weiss Building & Development LLC, System Home, River Forest, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development LLC, System Home, River Forest, IL Case study of ...

  17. Predicting ecological roles in the rhizosphere using metabolome...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    States). Biosciences Div.; Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Bioengineering. Argonne National Lab., Argonne, IL (United States). Biosciences Div. Univ. of...

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Kankakee Ordnance Plant...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Kankakee Ordnance Plant - IL 32 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: KANKAKEE ORDNANCE PLANT (IL.32 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated ...

  19. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Evolutionary Home Builders...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Evolutionary Home Builders, The Adaptation Home, Geneva, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Evolutionary Home Builders, The Adaptation Home, Geneva, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready ...

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Machine and Metals...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Metals Inc - IL 24 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: American Machine and Metals Inc (IL.24 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name:...

  1. Using RSI format

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... University, Evanston, IL 60208. c Present address: Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. d Present address: Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208. e Present ...

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- R Krasberg and Sons Manufacturing...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Krasberg and Sons Manufacturing Co - IL 27 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: R. KRASBERG AND SONS MANUFACTURING CO. (IL.27) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name:...

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Midwest Manufacturing Co...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Midwest Manufacturing Co - IL 0-04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MIDWEST MANUFACTURING CO (IL.0-04 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated...

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States) Argonne National Laboratory-Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, IL (United States) Atlanta Regional Office, ...

  5. Cluster generator (Patent) | DOEPatents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Inventors: Donchev, Todor I. 1 ; Petrov, Ivan G. 2 + Show Author Affiliations (Urbana, IL) (Champaign, IL) Issue Date: 2011-05-31 OSTI Identifier: 1019407 Assignee: The Board ...

  6. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States) Argonne National Laboratory-Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, IL (United States) Atlanta Regional Office, Atlanta, GA (United ...

  7. The soil microbiome influences grapevine-associated microbiota...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Marine Biological Lab., Woods Hole, MA (United States); Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou (China)...

  8. Secret Key Generation via a Modified Quantum Secret Sharing Protocol

    SciTech Connect

    Smith IV, Amos M; Evans, Philip G; Lawrie, Benjamin J; Legre, Matthieu; Lougovski, Pavel; Ray, William R; Williams, Brian P; Qi, Bing; Grice, Warren P

    2015-01-01

    We present and experimentally show a novel protocol for distributing secret information between two and only two parties in a N-party single-qubit Quantum Secret Sharing (QSS) system. We demonstrate this new algorithm with N = 3 active parties over 6km of telecom. ber. Our experimental device is based on the Clavis2 Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) system built by ID Quantique but is generalizable to any implementation. We show that any two out of the N parties can build secret keys based on partial information from each other and with collaboration from the remaining N > 2 parties. This algorithm allows for the creation of two-party secret keys were standard QSS does not and signicantly reduces the number of resources needed to implement QKD on a highly connected network such as the electrical grid.

  9. Key_E-Link_metadata.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information Key_E-Link_metadata.png

  10. Energy Secretary Bodman Commends Key Milestone In MOX Program | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Commends Key Milestone In MOX Program Energy Secretary Bodman Commends Key Milestone In MOX Program April 1, 2005 - 11:28am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - In response to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) authorization of the construction of a U.S. Mixed-Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility at the Department of Energy's Savannah River Site in South Carolina, Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today released the following statement: "Issuing the permit for construction of a

  11. Robotics Key to Subsea Exploration | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Robotics Key to Subsea Exploration Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Robotics Key to Subsea Exploration Bruno Betoni Parodi 2015.06.08 In my previous Edison's Desk blog entry I spoke about the challenges of going into deep sea exploration and the implications of working at 4,000 meters depth for

  12. SimTable key tool for preparing, responding to wildfire

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    SimTable key tool for preparing, responding to wildfire SimTable key tool for preparing, responding to wildfire Camera tracks movement and objects and project them onto a sand table. May 30, 2012 SimTable: Stephen Guerin (L) and Chip Garner (R) with SimTable, a Santa Fe company helping firefighters model and predict where a fire is most likely to spread, received support for their business through Lab economic development programs: VAF, NMSBA, Springboard. SimTable: Stephen Guerin (L) and Chip

  13. Trustworthiness of detectors in quantum key distribution with untrusted detectors

    SciTech Connect

    Qi, Bing

    2015-02-25

    Measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) protocol has been demonstrated as a viable solution to detector side-channel attacks. One of the main advantages of MDI-QKD is that the security can be proved without making any assumptions about how the measurement device works. The price to pay is the relatively low secure key rate comparing with conventional quantum key distribution (QKD), such as the decoy-state BB84 protocol. Recently a new QKD protocol, aiming at bridging the strong security of MDI-QKD with the high e ciency of conventional QKD, has been proposed. In this protocol, the legitimate receiver employs a trusted linear optics network to encode information on photons received from an insecure quantum channel, and then performs a Bell state measurement (BSM) using untrusted detectors. One crucial assumption made in most of these studies is that the untrusted BSM located inside the receiver's laboratory cannot send any unwanted information to the outside. Here in this paper, we show that if the BSM is completely untrusted, a simple scheme would allow the BSM to send information to the outside. Combined with Trojan horse attacks, this scheme could allow Eve to gain information of the quantum key without being detected. Ultimately, to prevent the above attack, either countermeasures to Trojan horse attacks or some trustworthiness to the "untrusted" BSM device is required.

  14. CONSTRUCTION OF KEY CLEANUP PROJECT GAINS GOOD GROUND AT SRS

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Aiken, SC - Construction of a key cleanup facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is gaining some serious ground given the remarkable building progress since Fall 2009. Construction and operation of the Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) is among the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) highest cleanup priorities.

  15. Self-referenced continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Soh, Daniel B. S.; Brif, Constantin; Coles, Patrick J.; Lutkenhaus, Norbert; Camacho, Ryan M.; Urayama, Junji; Sarovar, Mohan

    2015-10-21

    Here, we introduce a new continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CV-QKD) protocol, self-referenced CV-QKD, that eliminates the need for transmission of a high-power local oscillator between the communicating parties. In this protocol, each signal pulse is accompanied by a reference pulse (or a pair of twin reference pulses), used to align Alice’s and Bob’s measurement bases. The method of phase estimation and compensation based on the reference pulse measurement can be viewed as a quantum analog of intradyne detection used in classical coherent communication, which extracts the phase information from the modulated signal. We present a proof-of-principle, fiber-based experimental demonstration ofmore » the protocol and quantify the expected secret key rates by expressing them in terms of experimental parameters. Our analysis of the secret key rate fully takes into account the inherent uncertainty associated with the quantum nature of the reference pulse(s) and quantifies the limit at which the theoretical key rate approaches that of the respective conventional protocol that requires local oscillator transmission. The self-referenced protocol greatly simplifies the hardware required for CV-QKD, especially for potential integrated photonics implementations of transmitters and receivers, with minimum sacrifice of performance. As such, it provides a pathway towards scalable integrated CV-QKD transceivers, a vital step towards large-scale QKD networks.« less

  16. An investigation of DUA caching strategies for public key certificates

    SciTech Connect

    Cheung, T.C.

    1993-11-01

    Internet Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) provides security services to users of Internet electronic mail. PEM is designed with the intention that it will eventually obtain public key certificates from the X.500 directory service. However, such a capability is not present in most PEM implementations today. While the prevalent PEM implementation uses a public key certificate-based strategy, certificates are mostly distributed via e-mail exchanges, which raises several security and performance issues. In this thesis research, we changed the reference PEM implementation to make use of the X.500 directory service instead of local databases for public key certificate management. The thesis discusses some problems with using the X.500 directory service, explores the relevant issues, and develops an approach to address them. The approach makes use of a memory cache to store public key certificates. We implemented a centralized cache server and addressed the denial-of-service security problem that is present in the server. In designing the cache, we investigated several cache management strategies. One result of our study is that the use of a cache significantly improves performance. Our research also indicates that security incurs extra performance cost. Different cache replacement algorithms do not seem to yield significant performance differences, while delaying dirty-writes to the backing store does improve performance over immediate writes.

  17. Self-referenced continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol

    SciTech Connect

    Soh, Daniel B. S.; Brif, Constantin; Coles, Patrick J.; Lutkenhaus, Norbert; Camacho, Ryan M.; Urayama, Junji; Sarovar, Mohan

    2015-10-21

    Here, we introduce a new continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CV-QKD) protocol, self-referenced CV-QKD, that eliminates the need for transmission of a high-power local oscillator between the communicating parties. In this protocol, each signal pulse is accompanied by a reference pulse (or a pair of twin reference pulses), used to align Alice’s and Bob’s measurement bases. The method of phase estimation and compensation based on the reference pulse measurement can be viewed as a quantum analog of intradyne detection used in classical coherent communication, which extracts the phase information from the modulated signal. We present a proof-of-principle, fiber-based experimental demonstration of the protocol and quantify the expected secret key rates by expressing them in terms of experimental parameters. Our analysis of the secret key rate fully takes into account the inherent uncertainty associated with the quantum nature of the reference pulse(s) and quantifies the limit at which the theoretical key rate approaches that of the respective conventional protocol that requires local oscillator transmission. The self-referenced protocol greatly simplifies the hardware required for CV-QKD, especially for potential integrated photonics implementations of transmitters and receivers, with minimum sacrifice of performance. As such, it provides a pathway towards scalable integrated CV-QKD transceivers, a vital step towards large-scale QKD networks.

  18. The structural basis for receptor recognition of human interleukin-18

    SciTech Connect

    Tsutsumi, Naotaka; Kimura, Takeshi; Arita, Kyohei; Ariyoshi, Mariko; Ohnishi, Hidenori; Yamamoto, Takahiro; Zuo, Xiaobing; Maenaka, Katsumi; Park, Enoch Y.; Kondo, Naomi; Shirakawa, Masahiro; Tochio, Hidehito; Kato, Zenichiro

    2014-12-15

    Interleukin (IL)-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the IL-1 family and plays an important role in inflammation. The uncontrolled release of this cytokine is associated with severe chronic inflammatory disease. IL-18 forms a signalling complex with the IL-18 receptor α (Rα) and β (Rβ) chains at the plasma membrane, which induces multiple inflammatory cytokines. Here, we present a crystal structure of human IL-18 bound to the two receptor extracellular domains. Generally, the receptors’ recognition mode for IL-18 is similar to IL-1β; however, certain notable differences were observed. The architecture of the IL-18 receptor second domain (D2) is unique among the other IL-1R family members, which presumably distinguishes them from the IL-1 receptors that exhibit a more promiscuous ligand recognition mode. The structures and associated biochemical and cellular data should aid in developing novel drugs to neutralize IL-8 activity.

  19. The structural basis for receptor recognition of human interleukin-18

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Tsutsumi, Naotaka; Kimura, Takeshi; Arita, Kyohei; Ariyoshi, Mariko; Ohnishi, Hidenori; Yamamoto, Takahiro; Zuo, Xiaobing; Maenaka, Katsumi; Park, Enoch Y.; Kondo, Naomi; et al

    2014-12-15

    Interleukin (IL)-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the IL-1 family and plays an important role in inflammation. The uncontrolled release of this cytokine is associated with severe chronic inflammatory disease. IL-18 forms a signalling complex with the IL-18 receptor α (Rα) and β (Rβ) chains at the plasma membrane, which induces multiple inflammatory cytokines. Here, we present a crystal structure of human IL-18 bound to the two receptor extracellular domains. Generally, the receptors’ recognition mode for IL-18 is similar to IL-1β; however, certain notable differences were observed. The architecture of the IL-18 receptor second domain (D2) is uniquemore » among the other IL-1R family members, which presumably distinguishes them from the IL-1 receptors that exhibit a more promiscuous ligand recognition mode. The structures and associated biochemical and cellular data should aid in developing novel drugs to neutralize IL-8 activity.« less

  20. Evolution of Florida Bay islands from a supratidal precursor: evidence from westernmost Bob Allen Key and Sid Key

    SciTech Connect

    Quinn, T.M.; Merriam, D.F.

    1988-05-01

    Cores from the interior portions of westernmost Bob Allen Key and Sid Key document island nucleation from a supratidal precursor developed on a paralic peat deposit; whereas cores from exterior portions of these islands document development of marine mudbanks, progradation or colonization by mangroves, and supratidal sedimentation. The supratidal precursor beneath these islands consists of eroded remnants of coastal tidal flats or local topographic highs that remained supratidal throughout the Holocene sea-level rise. Sedimentologic and biostratigraphic evidence suggest erosion of mangroves by storms or inundation of mangroves by storm deposits is a common precursor to subsequent sediment aggradation on both islands. If other Florida Bay islands develop from mangrove colonization of marine mudbanks, then data from westernmost Bob Allen Key and Sid Key indicate that nucleation from a supratidal precursor and mangrove colonization of marine mudbanks are both viable mechanisms for island initiation. The absence of evidence of a supratidal nucleus beneath an island can result from (a) island migration and subsequent erosion or (b) insufficient sampling density. Stratigraphic data from Florida Bay are insufficient to discriminate between the relative importance of these two models of island evolution; the authors contend that any model of the evolution of Florida Bay islands must incorporate island nucleation from a supratidal precursor as a viable mechanism for island evolution.

  1. Public-key data authentication for treaty verification

    SciTech Connect

    Draelos, T.J.; Goldsmith, S.Y.

    1992-08-01

    A public-key Treaty Data Authentication Module (TDAM) based on the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Digital Signature Standard (DSS) has been developed to support treaty verification systems. The TDAM utilizes the Motorola DSP56001 Digital Signal Processor as a coprocessor and supports both the STD Bus and PC-AT Bus platforms. The TDAM is embedded within an Authenticated Data Communication Subsystem (ADCS) which provides transparent data authentication and communications, thereby concealing the details of securely authenticating and communicating compliance data and commands. The TDAM has been designed according to the NIST security guidelines for cryptographic modules. Public-key data authentication is important for support of both bilateral and multi-lateral treaties. 8 refs.

  2. Public-key data authentication for treaty verification

    SciTech Connect

    Draelos, T.J.; Goldsmith, S.Y.

    1992-01-01

    A public-key Treaty Data Authentication Module (TDAM) based on the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Digital Signature Standard (DSS) has been developed to support treaty verification systems. The TDAM utilizes the Motorola DSP56001 Digital Signal Processor as a coprocessor and supports both the STD Bus and PC-AT Bus platforms. The TDAM is embedded within an Authenticated Data Communication Subsystem (ADCS) which provides transparent data authentication and communications, thereby concealing the details of securely authenticating and communicating compliance data and commands. The TDAM has been designed according to the NIST security guidelines for cryptographic modules. Public-key data authentication is important for support of both bilateral and multi-lateral treaties. 8 refs.

  3. Method for adding nodes to a quantum key distribution system

    DOEpatents

    Grice, Warren P

    2015-02-24

    An improved quantum key distribution (QKD) system and method are provided. The system and method introduce new clients at intermediate points along a quantum channel, where any two clients can establish a secret key without the need for a secret meeting between the clients. The new clients perform operations on photons as they pass through nodes in the quantum channel, and participate in a non-secret protocol that is amended to include the new clients. The system and method significantly increase the number of clients that can be supported by a conventional QKD system, with only a modest increase in cost. The system and method are compatible with a variety of QKD schemes, including polarization, time-bin, continuous variable and entanglement QKD.

  4. Secure password-based authenticated key exchange for web services

    SciTech Connect

    Liang, Fang; Meder, Samuel; Chevassut, Olivier; Siebenlist, Frank

    2004-11-22

    This paper discusses an implementation of an authenticated key-exchange method rendered on message primitives defined in the WS-Trust and WS-SecureConversation specifications. This IEEE-specified cryptographic method (AuthA) is proven-secure for password-based authentication and key exchange, while the WS-Trust and WS-Secure Conversation are emerging Web Services Security specifications that extend the WS-Security specification. A prototype of the presented protocol is integrated in the WSRF-compliant Globus Toolkit V4. Further hardening of the implementation is expected to result in a version that will be shipped with future Globus Toolkit releases. This could help to address the current unavailability of decent shared-secret-based authentication options in the Web Services and Grid world. Future work will be to integrate One-Time-Password (OTP) features in the authentication protocol.

  5. NREL Scientists Find Key Function for Ferredoxins in Algae Hydrogen

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Production - News Releases | NREL Scientists Find Key Function for Ferredoxins in Algae Hydrogen Production Two of six iron-rich proteins shown to have role in algae metabolism; discovery could lead to enhanced hydrogen production February 10, 2014 Scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory have demonstrated that just two of six iron-sulfur-containing ferredoxins in a representative species of algae promote electron transfers to and from hydrogenases. The

  6. Key FAR: Federal Acquisition Regulation DEAR: DOE Acquisition Regulation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    as of 11/4/2016. Highlighted areas denote changes from the last update. Key FAR: Federal Acquisition Regulation DEAR: DOE Acquisition Regulation For the official and most up to date status of a specific rule, please see the Federal Register at https://www.regulations.gov/. Regulation Identifier Number Title/Subject/Purpose Rule Type Status 1901-AB37 Enforcement of Classified Information Security Requirements: The proposed rule amends DOE's statutory prescribed regulation, which sets forth the

  7. High Pressure PEM Electrolysis: Status, Key Issues, and Challenges

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    High Pressure PEM Electrolysis Status, Key Issues, and Challenges Electrolytic Hydrogen Production Workshop NREL, Golden, Colorado Monjid Hamdan Director of Engineering Giner, Inc. 89 Rumford Ave, Newton, Ma. 02466 February 27-28 th , 2014 Advantages of High Pressure PEM Electrolysis  Eliminates one or more stages of mechanical compression  Reduces system complexity  Lower drying requirements  Low maintenance  No moving parts  No contaminants  Permits hydrogen generation at

  8. SEC L_Attach G_Key Personnel Cost Sheet

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    L, Attachment G - Management Team Cost Sheet Definitions of items to be included in the worksheet Name Title Key Personnel (Y/N) Reimbursable Annual Base Salary Reimbursable Incentive Pay and bonuses Reimbursable Deferred compensation Reimbursable Employer contributions to Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs) Reimbursable Employer Contributions to Defined Contribution Pension Plans Current Annual Base Salary Current Total Annual Compensation An ESOP is a stock bonus plan designed to invest

  9. Sandia completes major overhaul of key nuclear weapons test facilities |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) completes major overhaul of key nuclear weapons test facilities Tuesday, May 13, 2014 - 2:46pm Sandia National Laboratories recently completed the renovation of five large-scale test facilities that are crucial to ensuring the safety and reliability of the nation's nuclear weapons systems. The work supports Sandia's ongoing nuclear stockpile modernization work on the B61-12 and W88 Alt, assessments of current stockpile systems, and test and

  10. Researchers find potential key for unlocking biomass energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Unlocking biomass energy Researchers find potential key for unlocking biomass energy Potential pretreatment method that can make plant cellulose five times more digestible by enzymes that convert it into ethanol, a useful biofuel. July 20, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new

  11. President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy December 10, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals to key Administration posts: Peter B. Lyons, Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy, Department of Energy Denise E. O'Donnell, Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Department of Justice Stephanie O'Sullivan, Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, Directorate of National Intelligence David Shear, Ambassador to the Socialist

  12. APPENDIX E KEY INDIVIDUALS U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    APPENDIX E KEY INDIVIDUALS U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 10 Washington State Department of Ecology U.S. Department of Energy, RL and ORP Executive Managers Program Manager for the Hanford Project Office (509) 376-8631 Program Manager for the Nuclear Waste Program (509) 372-7950 Assistant Manager for the Central Plateau (509) 373-9971 Assistant Manager for the Office of River Protection, Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (509) 376-4941 Assistant Manager for the Office of

  13. 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments 2015 Key Wind Program and National Laboratory Accomplishments | 1 | Powering the Energy Revolution through Wind Evolution The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program is committed to helping the nation secure cost-competitive sources of renewable energy through the development and deployment of innovative wind power technologies. By investing in improvements to wind plant design, technology development, and operation as well as developing

  14. LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sediment control project LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project Called "grade-control" structures, the approximately $2 million features are up to eight feet high and made of rocks packed tightly into wire enclosures. November 5, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics

  15. PPPL physicists win supercomputing time to simulate key energy and

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    astrophysical phenomena | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab PPPL physicists win supercomputing time to simulate key energy and astrophysical phenomena By John Greenwald January 8, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook A donut-shaped plasma simulation that C.S. Chang's center produced on a supercomputer. The orange and blue colors show regions of turbulence. (Photo by Visualization by Prof. Kwan-Liu's group, University of California-Davis) A donut-shaped plasma simulation that C.S.

  16. PPPL physicists win supercomputing time to simulate key energy and

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    astrophysical phenomena | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab physicists win supercomputing time to simulate key energy and astrophysical phenomena By John Greenwald January 8, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Gallery: Three teams led by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have won major blocks of time on two of the world's most powerful supercomputers. Two of the projects seek to advance the development of nuclear fusion

  17. Key management and encryption under the bounded storage model.

    SciTech Connect

    Draelos, Timothy John; Neumann, William Douglas; Lanzone, Andrew J.; Anderson, William Erik

    2005-11-01

    There are several engineering obstacles that need to be solved before key management and encryption under the bounded storage model can be realized. One of the critical obstacles hindering its adoption is the construction of a scheme that achieves reliable communication in the event that timing synchronization errors occur. One of the main accomplishments of this project was the development of a new scheme that solves this problem. We show in general that there exist message encoding techniques under the bounded storage model that provide an arbitrarily small probability of transmission error. We compute the maximum capacity of this channel using the unsynchronized key-expansion as side-channel information at the decoder and provide tight lower bounds for a particular class of key-expansion functions that are pseudo-invariant to timing errors. Using our results in combination with Dziembowski et al. [11] encryption scheme we can construct a scheme that solves the timing synchronization error problem. In addition to this work we conducted a detailed case study of current and future storage technologies. We analyzed the cost, capacity, and storage data rate of various technologies, so that precise security parameters can be developed for bounded storage encryption schemes. This will provide an invaluable tool for developing these schemes in practice.

  18. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Manual Review Key Documents | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Manual Review Key Documents TEC Working Group Topic Groups Manual Review Key Documents Key Documents Transportation Practices Manual (DOE M 460) - March 8, 2006 (438.51 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE Shipment Activities: What We Accomplished and a Look Forward TEC Working Group Topic Groups Section 180(c) Key Documents TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents

  19. Numerical analysis of decoy state quantum key distribution protocols

    SciTech Connect

    Harrington, Jim W; Rice, Patrick R

    2008-01-01

    Decoy state protocols are a useful tool for many quantum key distribution systems implemented with weak coherent pulses, allowing significantly better secret bit rates and longer maximum distances. In this paper we present a method to numerically find optimal three-level protocols, and we examine how the secret bit rate and the optimized parameters are dependent on various system properties, such as session length, transmission loss, and visibility. Additionally, we show how to modify the decoy state analysis to handle partially distinguishable decoy states as well as uncertainty in the prepared intensities.

  20. Renewable: A key component of our global energy future

    SciTech Connect

    Hartley, D.

    1995-12-31

    Inclusion of renewable energy sources in national and international energy strategies is a key component of a viable global energy future. The global energy balance is going to shift radically in the near future brought about by significant increases in population in China and India, and increases in the energy intensity of developing countries. To better understand the consequences of such global shifts in energy requirements and to develop appropriate energy strategies to respond to these shifts, we need to look at the factors driving choices among supply options by geopolitical consumers and the impact these factors can have on the future energy mix.

  1. Decoy-state quantum key distribution using homodyne detection

    SciTech Connect

    Shams Mousavi, S. H.; Gallion, P.

    2009-07-15

    In this paper, we propose to use the decoy-state technique to improve the security of the quantum key distribution (QKD) systems based on homodyne detection against the photon number splitting attack. The decoy-state technique is a powerful tool that can significantly boost the secure transmission range of the QKD systems. However, it has not yet been applied to the systems that use homodyne detection. After adapting this theory to the systems based on homodyne detection, we quantify the secure performance and transmission range of the resulting system.

  2. Small Modular Reactors - Key to Future Nuclear Power

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Modular Reactors - Key to Future Nuclear Power Generation in the U.S. 1,2 Robert Rosner and Stephen Goldberg Energy Policy Institute at Chicago The Harris School of Public Policy Studies Contributor: Joseph S. Hezir, Principal, EOP Foundation, Inc. Technical Paper, Revision 1 November, 2011 1 The research described in this paper was funded by the U.S. DOE through Argonne National Laboratory, which is operated by UChicago Argonne, LLC under contract No. DE-AC02-06CH1357. This report was prepared

  3. Membranes Key to Biorefinery Success | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Miming living organisms processes for biorefineries Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Miming living organisms processes for biorefineries Jimmy Lopez 2015.09.10 Membranes play a key role in the human body, filtering out bacteria and viruses and also ensuring cells absorb essential nutrients. They are

  4. Microsoft Word - fact sheet alternatives and key findings 090214.docx

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Alternatives and Key Findings of the Draft SEIS ALTERNATIVES The Draft SEIS evaluates a range of reactor site and tritium production capacity alternatives. Seven alternatives are analyzed in the Draft SEIS:  Alternative 1 Watts Bar site only (2,500 TPBARs maximum). This is the preferred alternative.  Alternative 2 Sequoyah site only (2,500 TPBARs maximum).  Alternative 3 Both Watts Bar and Sequoyah sites (2,500 TPBARs maximum).  Alternative 4 Watts Bar site only (5,000 TPBARs

  5. Soft Costs 101: The Key to Achieving Cheaper Solar Energy | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Soft Costs 101: The Key to Achieving Cheaper Solar Energy Soft Costs 101: The Key to Achieving Cheaper Solar Energy February 25, 2016 - 10:00am Addthis Soft Costs 101: The Key to ...

  6. Automated Proactive Fault Isolation: A Key to Automated Commissioning

    SciTech Connect

    Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.

    2007-07-31

    In this paper, we present a generic model for automated continuous commissioing and then delve in detail into one of the processes, proactive testing for fault isolation, which is key to automating commissioning. The automated commissioining process uses passive observation-based fault detction and diagnostic techniques, followed by automated proactive testing for fault isolation, automated fault evaluation, and automated reconfiguration of controls together to continuously keep equipment controlled and running as intended. Only when hard failures occur or a physical replacement is required does the process require human intervention, and then sufficient information is provided by the automated commissioning system to target manual maintenance where it is needed. We then focus on fault isolation by presenting detailed logic that can be used to automatically isolate faults in valves, a common component in HVAC systems, as an example of how automated proactive fault isolation can be accomplished. We conclude the paper with a discussion of how this approach to isolating faults can be applied to other common HVAC components and their automated commmissioning and a summary of key conclusions of the paper.

  7. Sandia Energy - Key Hydrogen Report Now Available on OpenEnergyInfo...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Hydrogen Report Now Available on OpenEnergyInfo Wiki Site Home Energy CRF Facilities News Energy Efficiency News & Events Systems Analysis Systems Engineering Key Hydrogen...

  8. U-027: RSA Key Manager Appliance Session Logout Bug Fails to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    PROBLEM: RSA Key Manager Appliance Session Logout Bug Fails to Terminate Sessions. PLATFORM: RSA Key Manager Appliance 2.7 Service Pack 1 ABSTRACT: A remote authenticated...

  9. --No Title--

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    | (Continued) | ct I | | | | | Year |(Conti-| | | | | | | Month | nued) | | | | | | | ||Average| IL | IN | MI | MN | OH |...

  10. EA-1716: Final Environmental Assessment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Honeywell International Inc Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project Massac County, IL

  11. Rotary Vapor Compression Cycle Technology: A Pathway to Ultra-Efficient Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Lead Performer: Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CAPartners: Creative Thermal Solutions, Urbana, IL

  12. Key Response Planning Factors for the Aftermath of Nuclear Terrorism

    SciTech Connect

    Buddemeier, B R; Dillon, M B

    2009-01-21

    Despite hundreds of above-ground nuclear tests and data gathered from Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the effects of a ground-level, low-yield nuclear detonation in a modern urban environment are still the subject of considerable scientific debate. Extensive review of nuclear weapon effects studies and discussions with nuclear weapon effects experts from various federal agencies, national laboratories, and technical organizations have identified key issues and bounded some of the unknowns required to support response planning for a low-yield, ground-level nuclear detonation in a modern U.S. city. This study, which is focused primarily upon the hazards posed by radioactive fallout, used detailed fallout predictions from the advanced suite of three-dimensional (3-D) meteorology and plume/fallout models developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), including extensive global Key Response Planning Factors for the Aftermath of Nuclear Terrorism geographical and real-time meteorological databases to support model calculations. This 3-D modeling system provides detailed simulations that account for complex meteorology and terrain effects. The results of initial modeling and analysis were presented to federal, state, and local working groups to obtain critical, broad-based review and feedback on strategy and messaging. This effort involved a diverse set of communities, including New York City, National Capitol Regions, Charlotte, Houston, Portland, and Los Angeles. The largest potential for reducing casualties during the post-detonation response phase comes from reducing exposure to fallout radiation. This can be accomplished through early, adequate sheltering followed by informed, delayed evacuation.B The response challenges to a nuclear detonation must be solved through multiple approaches of public education, planning, and rapid response actions. Because the successful response will require extensive coordination of a large number of organizations, supplemented by

  13. Interaction Layer Characteristics in U-xMo Dispersion/Monolithic Fuels

    SciTech Connect

    D. L. Porter

    2010-11-01

    before irradiation of a fuel plate. It ensures that the IL contains beneficial phases, or prevents formation of some known to promote poor fuel performance. Significant progress has been made in determining the desired characteristics of the IL. 4. The use of a fuel with stable gamma phase appears to allow more predictable performance regarding both a beneficial pre-irradiation layer, and the fuel performance (low swelling) to high burnup. Destabilization of the gamma phase may create problems with IL breakaway growth. 5. A theory whereby prevention of the U6Mo4Al43 complex phase in interaction layers formed during fabrication may be a key to good irradiation performance. Si additions to the matrix allow for solubility of Mo in the desirable (U,Mo)(Al,Si)3 or perhaps (U,Mo)(Al,Si)4 phase, helping to prevent formation of the complex phase. Keeping alloy Mo content as low as possible may also help so long as decomposition does not occur in fabrication, forcing Mo into the interaction layer. This theory may explain a number of apparent anomalies observed in testing results. 6. More work is needed in order to prescribe the conditions to best produce a beneficial IL. Another necessity is a better understanding of any correlation between beneficial characteristics of the pre-fabricated IL and the irradiation conditions to which it will be subjected.

  14. Free-space quantum key distribution at night

    SciTech Connect

    Buttler, W.T.; Hughes, R.J.; Kwiat, P.G.; Lamoreaux, S.K.; Luther, G.G.; Morgan, G.L.; Nordholt, J.E.; Peterson, C.G.; Simmons, C.M.

    1998-09-01

    An experimental free-space quantum key distribution (QKD) system has been tested over an outdoor optical path of {approximately} 1 km under nighttime conditions at Los Alamos National Laboratory. This system employs the Bennett 92 protocol; in this paper, the authors give a brief overview of this protocol, and describe the experimental implementation of it. An analysis of the system efficiency is presented, as well as a description of the error detection protocol which employs a two-dimensional parity check scheme. Finally, the susceptibility of this system to eavesdropping by various techniques is determined, and the effectiveness of privacy amplification procedures is discussed. The conclusions are that free-space QKD is both effective and secure; possible applications include the rekeying of satellites in low earth orbit.

  15. Interaction of interleukin-5 with its receptors on murine leukemic BCL1 cells and its implication in biological activity

    SciTech Connect

    Tsuruoka, N.; Funakoshi, K.; Kodama, S.; Tsujimoto, M. (Suntory Institute for Biomedical Research, Mishima, Osaka (Japan))

    1990-02-01

    Interaction of interleukin (IL)-5 with its receptors on murine leukemic cell line, BCL1 cells was examined. {sup 125}I-labeled recombinant murine IL-5(rmIL-5) bound specifically to high-affinity receptors on BCL1 cells. rmIL-5, which was about 2500-fold more active than recombinant human IL-5(rhIL-5) in IgM-inducing activity on BCL1 cells, also showed about 5000-fold higher affinity to receptors. These results suggest that the bioactivity of IL-5 correlates with its receptor-binding activity. When disulfide bond formation was blocked, rmIL-5 dissociated into a monomer and lost its biological activity. This monomeric form of rmIL-5 also lost its ability to bind to cells, suggesting that dimer formation is essential for the biological activity of IL-5.

  16. Keys to Access: Argonne-INCREASE partnership opens doors to collaboration |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Key Terms Key Terms Three Door Keys data-key-571156_960_720.png Key Terms Low Vision: non-correctable reduced vision Blindness: lack of visual perception Hearing Impairment: full or partial decrease in the ability to detect or understand sounds Physical Impairment: a physical condition that permanently prevents normal body movement or control Cognitive Disabilities: difficulty with one or more types of mental tasks Argonne National Laboratory

    The INCREASE workshop gave visitors one-on-one

  17. Analysis of key safety metrics of thorium utilization in LWRs

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Ade, Brian J.; Bowman, Stephen M.; Worrall, Andrew; Powers, Jeffrey

    2016-04-08

    Here, thorium has great potential to stretch nuclear fuel reserves because of its natural abundance and because it is possible to breed the 232Th isotope into a fissile fuel (233U). Various scenarios exist for utilization of thorium in the nuclear fuel cycle, including use in different nuclear reactor types (e.g., light water, high-temperature gas-cooled, fast spectrum sodium, and molten salt reactors), along with use in advanced accelerator-driven systems and even in fission-fusion hybrid systems. The most likely near-term application of thorium in the United States is in currently operating light water reactors (LWRs). This use is primarily based on conceptsmore » that mix thorium with uranium (UO2 + ThO2) or that add fertile thorium (ThO2) fuel pins to typical LWR fuel assemblies. Utilization of mixed fuel assemblies (PuO2 + ThO2) is also possible. The addition of thorium to currently operating LWRs would result in a number of different phenomenological impacts to the nuclear fuel. Thorium and its irradiation products have different nuclear characteristics from those of uranium and its irradiation products. ThO2, alone or mixed with UO2 fuel, leads to different chemical and physical properties of the fuel. These key reactor safety–related issues have been studied at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and documented in “Safety and Regulatory Issues of the Thorium Fuel Cycle” (NUREG/CR-7176, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 2014). Various reactor analyses were performed using the SCALE code system for comparison of key performance parameters of both ThO2 + UO2 and ThO2 + PuO2 against those of UO2 and typical UO2 + PuO2 mixed oxide fuels, including reactivity coefficients and power sharing between surrounding UO2 assemblies and the assembly of interest. The decay heat and radiological source terms for spent fuel after its discharge from the reactor are also presented. Based on this evaluation, potential impacts on safety requirements and identification of

  18. Key issues of ultraviolet radiation of OH at high altitudes

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Yuhuai; Wan, Tian; Jiang, Jianzheng; Fan, Jing

    2014-12-09

    Ultraviolet (UV) emissions radiated by hydroxyl (OH) is one of the fundamental elements in the prediction of radiation signature of high-altitude and high-speed vehicle. In this work, the OH A{sup 2}?{sup +}?X{sup 2}? ultraviolet emission band behind the bow shock is computed under the experimental condition of the second bow-shock ultraviolet flight (BSUV-2). Four related key issues are discussed, namely, the source of hydrogen element in the high-altitude atmosphere, the formation mechanism of OH species, efficient computational algorithm of trace species in rarefied flows, and accurate calculation of OH emission spectra. Firstly, by analyzing the typical atmospheric model, the vertical distributions of the number densities of different species containing hydrogen element are given. According to the different dominating species containing hydrogen element, the atmosphere is divided into three zones, and the formation mechanism of OH species is analyzed in the different zones. The direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method and the Navier-Stokes equations are employed to compute the number densities of the different OH electronically and vibrationally excited states. Different to the previous work, the trace species separation (TSS) algorithm is applied twice in order to accurately calculate the densities of OH species and its excited states. Using a non-equilibrium radiation model, the OH ultraviolet emission spectra and intensity at different altitudes are computed, and good agreement is obtained with the flight measured data.

  19. Key Geomechanics Issues at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Geomechanics

    SciTech Connect

    HANSEN,FRANCIS D.

    1999-09-01

    Mechanical and hydrological properties of rock salt provide excellent bases for geological isolation of hazardous materials. Regulatory compliance determinations for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) stand as testament to the widely held conclusion that salt provides excellent isolation properties. The WIPP saga began in the 1950s when the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) recommended a salt vault as a promising solution to the national problem of nuclear waste disposal. For over 20 years, the Scientific basis for the NAS recommendation has been fortified by Sandia National Laboratories through a series of large scale field tests and laboratory investigations of salt properties. These scientific investigations helped develop a comprehensive understanding of salt's 4 reformational behavior over an applicable range of stresses and temperatures. Sophisticated constitutive modeling, validated through underground testing, provides the computational ability to model long-term behavior of repository configurations. In concert with advancement of the mechanical models, fluid flow measurements showed not only that the evaporite lithology was essentially impermeable but that the WIPP setting was hydrologically inactive. Favorable mechanical properties ensure isolation of materials placed in a salt geological setting. Key areas of the geomechanics investigations leading to the certification of WIPP are in situ experiments, laboratory tests, and shaft seal design.

  20. Do myoepithelial cells hold the key for breast tumorprogression?

    SciTech Connect

    Polyak, Kornelia; Hu, Min

    2005-11-18

    Mammary myoepithelial cells have been the foster child of breast cancer biology and have been largely ignored since they were considered to be less important for tumorigenesis than luminal epithelial cells from which most of breast carcinomas are thought to arise. In recent years as our knowledge in stem cell biology and the cellular microenvironment has been increasing myoepithelial cells are slowly starting to gain more attention. Emerging data raise the hypothesis if myoepithelial cells play a key role in breast tumor progression by regulating the in situ to invasive carcinoma transition and if myoepithelial cells are part of the mammary stem cell niche. Paracrine interactions between myoepithelial and luminal epithelial cells are known to be important for cell cycle arrest, establishing epithelial cell polarity, and inhibiting migration and invasion. Based on these functions normal mammary myoepithelial cells have been called ''natural tumor suppressors''. However, during tumor progression myoepithelial cells seem to loose these properties and eventually they themselves diminish as tumors become invasive. Better understanding of myoepithelial cell function and their role in tumor progression may lead to their exploitation for cancer therapeutic and preventative measures.

  1. Experimental multiplexing of quantum key distribution with classical optical communication

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Liu-Jun; Chen, Luo-Kan; Ju, Lei; Xu, Mu-Lan; Zhao, Yong; Chen, Kai; Chen, Zeng-Bing; Chen, Teng-Yun Pan, Jian-Wei

    2015-02-23

    We demonstrate the realization of quantum key distribution (QKD) when combined with classical optical communication, and synchronous signals within a single optical fiber. In the experiment, the classical communication sources use Fabry-Pérot (FP) lasers, which are implemented extensively in optical access networks. To perform QKD, multistage band-stop filtering techniques are developed, and a wavelength-division multiplexing scheme is designed for the multi-longitudinal-mode FP lasers. We have managed to maintain sufficient isolation among the quantum channel, the synchronous channel and the classical channels to guarantee good QKD performance. Finally, the quantum bit error rate remains below a level of 2% across the entire practical application range. The proposed multiplexing scheme can ensure low classical light loss, and enables QKD over fiber lengths of up to 45 km simultaneously when the fibers are populated with bidirectional FP laser communications. Our demonstration paves the way for application of QKD to current optical access networks, where FP lasers are widely used by the end users.

  2. Wireless power transmission: The key to solar power satellites

    SciTech Connect

    Nansen, R.H.

    1995-12-31

    In the years following the OPEC oil embargo of 1973--74, the US aggressively researched alternative energy options. Among those studied was the concept of Solar Power Satellites -- generating electricity in space from solar energy on giant satellites and sending the energy to the earth with wireless power transmission. Much has happened in the fifteen years since the studies were terminated. Maturing of the enabling technologies has provided much of the infrastructure to support the development of a commercial Solar Power Satellite program. All of this will reduce the cost by one to two orders of magnitude so development can now be undertaken by industry instead of relying on a massive government program. Solar Space Industries was formed to accomplish this goal. The basis of their development plan for Solar Power Satellites is to build a Ground Test Installation that will duplicate, in small scale on the earth, all aspects of the power generating and power transmission systems for the Solar Power Satellite concept except for the space environment and the range and size of the energy beam. Space operations issues will be separated from the power generation function and verified by testing using the NASA Space Station and Space Shuttle. Solar Space Industries` concept is to built a Ground Test Installation that couples an existing 100 kW terrestrial solar cell array, furnished by an interested utility, to a phased-array wireless power transmitter based on the subarray developed by William Brown and The Center for Space Power. Power will be transmitted over a 1 1/4 mile range to a receiving antenna (rectenna) and then fed into a commercial utility power grid. The objective is to demonstrate the complete function of the Solar Power Satellites, with the primary issue being the validation of practical wireless power transmission. The key features to demonstrate are; beam control, stability, steering, efficiency, reliability, cost, and safety.

  3. EIA cites importance of key world shipping routes

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-03-07

    A disruption of crude oil or products shipments through any of six world chokepoints would cause a spike in oil prices, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) warns. The strategic importance of each major shipping lane varies because of differing oil volumes and access to other transportation routes. But nearly half of the 66 million b/d of oil consumed worldwide flows through one or more of these key tanker routes, involving: 14 million b/d through the Strait of Hormuz from the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman and Arabian Sea; 7 million b/d through the Strait of Malacca from the northern Indian Ocean into the South China Sea and Pacific Ocean; 1.6 million b/d through the Bosporus from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea; 900,000 b/d through the Suez Canal from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea; 600,000 b/d through Rotterdam Harbor from the North Sea to Dutch and German refineries on or near the Rhine River; and 500,000 b/d through the Panama Canal from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea. In today's highly interdependent oil markets, the mere perception of less secure oil supplies is enough to boost oil prices, EIA said. Growing oil and product tanker traffic is increasing the likelihood of supply disruptions through oil arteries because of bad weather, tanker collisions, or acts of piracy, terrorism, or war. What's more, the increasing age of the world tanker fleet and dependability of navigational equipment could increase chances of accidents and, therefore, oil supply disruptions.

  4. Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the Heavy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine: New Development Rersults Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the ...

  5. Structures of Clamp-Loader Complexes Are Key to DNA Replication

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Structures of Clamp-Loader Complexes Are Key to DNA Replication Structures of Clamp-Loader Complexes Are Key to DNA Replication Print Wednesday, 30 May 2012 00:00 DNA Replication:...

  6. The generation of shared cryptographic keys through channel impulse response estimation at 60 GHz.

    SciTech Connect

    Young, Derek P.; Forman, Michael A.; Dowdle, Donald Ryan

    2010-09-01

    Methods to generate private keys based on wireless channel characteristics have been proposed as an alternative to standard key-management schemes. In this work, we discuss past work in the field and offer a generalized scheme for the generation of private keys using uncorrelated channels in multiple domains. Proposed cognitive enhancements measure channel characteristics, to dynamically change transmission and reception parameters as well as estimate private key randomness and expiration times. Finally, results are presented on the implementation of a system for the generation of private keys for cryptographic communications using channel impulse-response estimation at 60 GHz. The testbed is composed of commercial millimeter-wave VubIQ transceivers, laboratory equipment, and software implemented in MATLAB. Novel cognitive enhancements are demonstrated, using channel estimation to dynamically change system parameters and estimate cryptographic key strength. We show for a complex channel that secret key generation can be accomplished on the order of 100 kb/s.

  7. Secure Cryptographic Key Management System (CKMS) Considerations for Smart Grid Devices

    SciTech Connect

    Abercrombie, Robert K; Sheldon, Frederick T; Aldridge, Hal; Duren, Mike; Ricci, Tracy; Bertino, Elisa; Kulatunga, Athula; Navaratne, Uditha Sudheera

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we examine some unique challenges associated with key management in the Smart Grid and concomitant research initiatives: 1) effectively model security requirements and their implementations, and 2) manage keys and key distribution for very large scale deployments such as Smart Meters over a long period of performance. This will set the stage to: 3) develop innovative, low cost methods to protect keying material, and 4) provide high assurance authentication services. We will present our perspective on key management and will discuss some key issues within the life cycle of a cryptographic key designed to achieve the following: 1) control systems designed, installed, operated, and maintained to survive an intentional cyber assault with no loss of critical function, and 2) widespread implementation of methods for secure communication between remote access devices and control centers that are scalable and cost-effective to deploy.

  8. Interleukin-8 promotes canine hemangiosarcoma growth by regulating the tumor microenvironment

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Jong-Hyuk; Frantz, Aric M.; Anderson, Katie L.; Graef, Ashley J.; Scott, Milcah C.; Robinson, Sally; Sharkey, Leslie C.; O'Brien, Timothy D.; Dickerson, Erin B.; Modiano, Jaime F.

    2014-04-15

    Interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene expression is highly up-regulated in canine hemangiosarcoma (HSA); however, its role in the pathogenesis of this disease is unknown. We investigated the expression of IL-8 in canine HSA tissues and cell lines, as well and the effects of IL-8 on canine HSA in vitro, and in vivo using a mouse xenograft model for the latter. Constitutive expression of IL-8 mRNA, IL-8 protein, and IL-8 receptor were variable among different tumor samples and cell lines, but they showed stable steady states in each cell line. Upon the addition of IL-8, HSA cells showed transient intracellular calcium fluxes, suggesting that their IL-8 receptors are functional and that IL-8 binding activates relevant signaling pathways. Yet, neither addition of exogenous IL-8 nor blockade of endogenous IL-8 by neutralizing anti-IL-8 antibody (α-IL-8 Ab) affected HSA cell proliferation or survival in vitro. To assess potential effects of IL-8 in other tumor constituents, we stratified HSA cell lines and whole tumor samples into “IL-8 high” and “IL-8 low” groups. Genome-wide gene expression profiling showed that samples in the “IL-8 high” tumor group were enriched for genes associated with a “reactive microenvironment,” including activation of coagulation, inflammation, and fibrosis networks. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that the effects of IL-8 on these tumors were mostly indirect, regulating interactions with the microenvironment. This hypothesis was supported by in vivo xenograft experiments where survival and engraftment of tumor cells was inhibited by administration of neutralizing α-IL-8 Ab. Together, our results suggest that IL-8 contributes to establishing a permissive microenvironment during the early stages of tumorigenesis in HSA. - Highlights: • IL-8 is expressed in canine hemangiosarcoma tumor samples and cell lines. • IL-8 transduces a relevant biological signal in canine hemangiosarcoma cells. • IL-8 gene signature is associated

  9. SENP1 inhibition induces apoptosis and growth arrest of multiple myeloma cells through modulation of NF-κB signaling

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, Jun; Sun, Hui-Yan; Xiao, Feng-Jun; Wang, Hua; Yang, Yang; Wang, Lu; Gao, Chun-Ji; Guo, Zi-Kuan; Wu, Chu-Tse; Wang, Li-Sheng

    2015-05-01

    SUMO/sentrin specific protease 1 (Senp1) is an important regulation protease in the protein sumoylation, which affects the cell cycle, proliferation and differentiation. The role of Senp1 mediated protein desumoylation in pathophysiological progression of multiple myeloma is unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that Senp1 is overexpressed and induced by IL-6 in multiple myeloma cells. Lentivirus-mediated Senp1 knockdown triggers apoptosis and reduces viability, proliferation and colony forming ability of MM cells. The NF-κB family members including P65 and inhibitor protein IkBα play important roles in regulation of MM cell survival and proliferation. We further demonstrated that Senp1 inhibition decreased IL-6-induced P65 and IkBα phosphorylation, leading to inactivation of NF-kB signaling in MM cells. These results delineate a key role for Senp1in IL-6 induced proliferation and survival of MM cells, suggesting it may be a potential new therapeutic target in MM. - Highlights: • Senp1 is overexpressed and induced by IL-6 in multiple myeloma cells. • Senp1 knockdown triggers apoptosis and reduces proliferation of MM cells. • Senp1 inhibition decreased IL-6-induced P65 and IkBα phosphorylation.

  10. Secure multi-party communication with quantum key distribution managed by trusted authority

    DOEpatents

    Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Hughes, Richard John; Peterson, Charles Glen

    2013-07-09

    Techniques and tools for implementing protocols for secure multi-party communication after quantum key distribution ("QKD") are described herein. In example implementations, a trusted authority facilitates secure communication between multiple user devices. The trusted authority distributes different quantum keys by QKD under trust relationships with different users. The trusted authority determines combination keys using the quantum keys and makes the combination keys available for distribution (e.g., for non-secret distribution over a public channel). The combination keys facilitate secure communication between two user devices even in the absence of QKD between the two user devices. With the protocols, benefits of QKD are extended to multi-party communication scenarios. In addition, the protocols can retain benefit of QKD even when a trusted authority is offline or a large group seeks to establish secure communication within the group.

  11. Secure multi-party communication with quantum key distribution managed by trusted authority

    DOEpatents

    Hughes, Richard John; Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Peterson, Charles Glen

    2015-01-06

    Techniques and tools for implementing protocols for secure multi-party communication after quantum key distribution ("QKD") are described herein. In example implementations, a trusted authority facilitates secure communication between multiple user devices. The trusted authority distributes different quantum keys by QKD under trust relationships with different users. The trusted authority determines combination keys using the quantum keys and makes the combination keys available for distribution (e.g., for non-secret distribution over a public channel). The combination keys facilitate secure communication between two user devices even in the absence of QKD between the two user devices. With the protocols, benefits of QKD are extended to multi-party communication scenarios. In addition, the protocols can retain benefit of QKD even when a trusted authority is offline or a large group seeks to establish secure communication within the group.

  12. The microwave assisted synthesis of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide as potential corrosion inhibitor toward carbon steel in 1 M HCl solution saturated with carbon dioxide

    SciTech Connect

    Pasasa, Norman Vincent A. Bundjali, Bunbun; Wahyuningrum, Deana

    2015-09-30

    Injection of corrosion inhibitor into the fluid current of oil and gas pipelines is an effective way to mitigate corrosion rate on the inner-surface parts of pipelines, especially carbon steel pipelines. In this research, two alkylimidazolium ionic liquids, 1-decyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide (IL1) and 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide (IL2) have been synthesized and studied as a potential corrosion inhibitor towards carbon steel in 1 M HCl solution saturated with carbon dioxide. IL1 and IL2 were synthesized using microwave assisted organic synthesis (MAOS) method. Mass Spectrometry analysis of IL1 and IL2 showed molecular mass [M-H+] peak at 223.2166 and 251.2484, respectively. The FTIR,{sup 1}H-NMR and {sup 13}C-NMR spectra confirmed that IL1 and IL2 were successfully synthesized. Corrosion inhibition activity of IL1 and IL2 were determined using weight loss method. The results showed that IL1 and IL2 have the potential as good corrosion inhibitors with corrosion inhibition efficiency of IL1 and IL2 are 96.00% at 100 ppm (343 K) and 95.60% at 50 ppm (343 K), respectively. The increase in the concentration of IL1 and IL2 tends to improve their corrosion inhibition activities. Analysis of the data obtained from the weight loss method shows that the adsorption of IL1 and IL2 on carbon steel is classified into chemisorption which obeys Langmuir’s adsorption isotherm.

  13. Focus Series: Program Finds Community "Readiness" Is the Key to More

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Retrofits | Department of Energy Program Finds Community "Readiness" Is the Key to More Retrofits Focus Series: Program Finds Community "Readiness" Is the Key to More Retrofits Focus Series: Program Finds Community "Readiness" Is the Key to More Retrofits, a document posted by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Better Buildings Neighborhood Program. Focus Series: Michigan (284.83 KB) More Documents & Publications Community Readiness Assessments Better

  14. Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers and How to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Improve Water Efficiency | Department of Energy Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers and How to Improve Water Efficiency Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers and How to Improve Water Efficiency Fact sheet covers the key components of cooling towers and how to improve water efficiency. Download the cooling towers fact sheet. (3.16 MB) More Documents & Publications Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Industrial Water Use Side Stream

  15. California Energy Incentive Programs: An Annual Update on Key Energy Issues

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Financial Opportunities for Federal Sites in California | Department of Energy Energy Incentive Programs: An Annual Update on Key Energy Issues and Financial Opportunities for Federal Sites in California California Energy Incentive Programs: An Annual Update on Key Energy Issues and Financial Opportunities for Federal Sites in California Report from the Federal Energy Management Program discusses an annual update on key energy issues and financial opportunities for federal sites in

  16. Removal of Hazards Key to Paducah Site Deactivation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Removal of Hazards Key to Paducah Site Deactivation Removal of Hazards Key to Paducah Site Deactivation May 31, 2016 - 12:25pm Addthis A maintenance mechanic removes a filter from the lubricating oil strainer in the C-333 Building at EM's Paducah Site. A maintenance mechanic removes a filter from the lubricating oil strainer in the C-333 Building at EM's Paducah Site. PADUCAH, Ky. - Deactivation workers at EM's Paducah Site completed a significant step toward preparing key facilities for future

  17. Small Modular Reactors- Key to Future Nuclear Power Generation in the U.S.

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Small Modular Reactors - Key to Future Nuclear Power Generation in the U.S. University of Chicago, Energy Policy Institute at Chicago

  18. Spotlight on Key Program Strategies from the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, Final Evaluation Volume 6

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Final Report: Spotlight on Key Program Strategies from the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, Final Evaluation Volume 6, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, June 2015.

  19. PPPL to launch major upgrade of key fusion energy test facility...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    to launch major upgrade of key fusion energy test facility NSTX project will produce most ... of nuclear fusion as a clean, safe and abundant fuel for generating electricity. ...

  20. LEDSGP/Transportation Toolkit/Key Actions/Create a Baseline ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    a Baseline) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Transportation Toolkit Home Tools Training Request Assistance Key Actions for Low-Emission Development in Transportation...

  1. Regenerating cellulose from ionic liquids for an accelerated enzymatic hydrolysis

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Hua; Jones, Cecil L; Baker, Gary A; Xia, Shuqian; Olubajo, Olarongbe; Person, Vernecia

    2009-01-01

    The efficient conversion of lignocellulosic materials into fuel ethanol has become a research priority in producing affordable and renewable energy. The pretreatment of lignocelluloses is known to be key to the fast enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. Recently, certain ionic liquids (ILs)were found capable of dissolving more than 10 wt% cellulose. Preliminary investigations [Dadi, A.P., Varanasi, S., Schall, C.A., 2006. Enhancement of cellulose saccharification kinetics using an ionic liquid pretreatment step. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 95, 904 910; Liu, L., Chen, H., 2006. Enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose materials treated with ionic liquid [BMIM]Cl. Chin. Sci. Bull. 51, 2432 2436; Dadi, A.P., Schall, C.A., Varanasi, S., 2007. Mitigation of cellulose recalcitrance to enzymatic hydrolysis by ionic liquid pretreatment. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 137 140, 407 421] suggest that celluloses regenerated from IL solutions are subject to faster saccharification than untreated substrates. These encouraging results offer the possibility of using ILs as alternative and nonvolatile solvents for cellulose pretreatment. However, these studies are limited to two chloride-based ILs: (a) 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl), which is a corrosive, toxic and extremely hygroscopic solid (m.p. 70 C), and (b) 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([AMIM]Cl), which is viscous and has a reactive side-chain. Therefore, more in-depth research involving other ILs is much needed to explore this promising pretreatment route. For this reason, we studied a number of chloride- and acetate-based ILs for cellulose regeneration, including several ILs newly developed in our laboratory. This will enable us to select inexpensive, efficient and environmentally benign solvents for processing cellulosic biomass. Our data confirm that all regenerated celluloses are less crystalline (58 75% lower) and more accessible to cellulase (>2 times) than untreated substrates. As a result, regenerated Avicel

  2. KEY PERSONNEL

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    PERSONNEL 7062015 TITLE NAME President Christopher C. Gentile Vice President, Engineering Robin Stubenhofer Vice President, Integrated Supply Chain Rick Lavelock Director, Sr. ...

  3. Key Activities

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    We partner with industry, small business, universities, regional entities, and other stakeholders to identify and invest in emerging clean energy technologies. We establish collaborative communities focused on developing and commercializing targeted technologies; play a leadership role in the national interagency Advanced Manufacturing Partnership; and encourage a culture of continuous improvement in corporate energy management. Our investments have high impact, use project diversity to spread risk, target nationally important innovation at critical decision points, and contribute to quantifiable energy savings. By reducing the life-cycle energy consumption of manufactured goods by 50 percent over 10 years, we will support the creation of high-quality domestic manufacturing jobs and enhance the competitiveness of the United States. EERE's Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative (CEMI) connects AMO's investments in the development of innovative process and materials technologies over 3 decades with R&D in other EERE offices and focuses on the urgent economic opportunities in U.S. clean energy manufacturing to strengthen U.S. competitiveness across multiple manufacturing industries through increased energy productivity.

  4. Key Neutrino behavior observed at Daya Bay (The College of William and

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mary) | Jefferson Lab Key Neutrino behavior observed at Daya Bay (The College of William and Mary) External Link: http://www.wm.edu/news/stories/2012/key-neutrino-behavior-observed-at-daya-bay-1... By jlab_admin on Thu, 2012-03-08

  5. Methods for synchronizing a countdown routine of a timer key and electronic device

    SciTech Connect

    Condit, Reston A.; Daniels, Michael A.; Clemens, Gregory P.; Tomberlin, Eric S.; Johnson, Joel A.

    2015-06-02

    A timer key relating to monitoring a countdown time of a countdown routine of an electronic device is disclosed. The timer key comprises a processor configured to respond to a countdown time associated with operation of the electronic device, a display operably coupled with the processor, and a housing configured to house at least the processor. The housing has an associated structure configured to engage with the electronic device to share the countdown time between the electronic device and the timer key. The processor is configured to begin a countdown routine based at least in part on the countdown time, wherein the countdown routine is at least substantially synchronized with a countdown routine of the electronic device when the timer key is removed from the electronic device. A system and method for synchronizing countdown routines of a timer key and an electronic device are also disclosed.

  6. Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks

    SciTech Connect

    Patel, K. A.; Dynes, J. F.; Lucamarini, M.; Choi, I.; Sharpe, A. W.; Yuan, Z. L. Shields, A. J.; Penty, R. V.

    2014-02-03

    We demonstrate quantum key distribution (QKD) with bidirectional 10 Gb/s classical data channels in a single fiber using dense wavelength division multiplexing. Record secure key rates of 2.38 Mbps and fiber distances up to 70?km are achieved. Data channels are simultaneously monitored for error-free operation. The robustness of QKD is further demonstrated with a secure key rate of 445 kbps over 25?km, obtained in the presence of data lasers launching conventional 0 dBm power. We discuss the fundamental limit for the QKD performance in the multiplexing environment.

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - DOE O 413 3B Brief v9 with key points...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Example BCP Template Microsoft PowerPoint - DOE O 413 3B Brief v9 with key points in notes Read-Only CD-2, Approve Performance Baseline External Independent Review (EIR) Standard ...

  8. Vit Plant receives and sets key air filtration equipment for Low Activity Waste Facility

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    WTP lifted a nearly 100-ton carbon bed absorber into the Low-Activity Waste Facility. This key piece of air-filtration equipment will remove mercury and acidic gases before air is channeled through...

  9. A Key Role for Dimension in the Neutrino Mechanism of Core-Collapse...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Neutrino Mechanism of Core-Collapse Supernova Explosions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A Key Role for Dimension in the Neutrino Mechanism of Core-Collapse Supernova ...

  10. Potential for Producing Hydrogen from Key Renewable Resources in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Milbrandt, A.; Mann, M.

    2006-02-01

    This study estimates the potential for hydrogen production from key renewable resources (onshore wind, solar photovoltaic, and biomass) by county in the United States. It includes maps that allow the reader to easily visualize the results.

  11. Structures of Clamp-Loader Complexes Are Key to DNA Replication

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Structures of Clamp-Loader Complexes Are Key to DNA Replication Print DNA Replication: An Open-and-Shut Case Every time a cell divides, whether in humans or in other organisms, its...

  12. GREET Bioenergy Life Cycle Analysis and Key Issues for Woody Feedstocks

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Breakout Session 2D—Building Market Confidence and Understanding II: Carbon Accounting and Woody Biofuels GREET Bioenergy Life Cycle Analysis and Key Issues for Woody Feedstocks Michael Wang, Senior Scientist, Energy Systems, Argonne National Laboratory

  13. May 19, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Meeting - Key Milestone Status...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    HSS Directives Reform - Key Milestone Status Chart (June 15, 2011) 100 60 80 Directives 40 HSS D 0 20 1- Mar -10 1- Apr- 10 1- May -10 1- Jun -10 1- Jul- 10 1- Aug -10 1- Sep -10 ...

  14. Matched 'hybrid' systems may hold key to wider use of renewable...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    > OpenEI Community Central Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(266) Contributor 17 February, 2015 - 16:11 Read the article from phys.org here: http:phys.orgnews2014-11-hybrid-key-wid...

  15. Keys to Enabling H2 and Fuel Cells Collaboration & Scale

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    KEYS TO ENABLING H 2 & FUEL CELLS COLLABORATION & SCALE H 2 USA Charlie Freese Sustainable Transportation Summit July 12, 2016 1. CHANGE REQUIRES CONSTANCY OF PURPOSE 2. PRIORITIZE VALUE EQUATION 3. COOPERATE KEY POINTS ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE H 2 FUEL CELL TRANSPORTATION HOW DOES CHANGE ARRIVE IN TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY? PERSPECTIVE AUTOMOBILES ARE - PERSONAL MOBILITY SOLUTIONS PERSONAL MOBILITY SOLUTIONS HAVE ALWAYS BEEN SUBJECT TO CHANGE 1917 Last Horse Drawn Street Car AUTOMOBILES ARE

  16. Booklet, DOE Subject Area Indicators and Key Word List for RD and FRD -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    October 2005 | Department of Energy Booklet, DOE Subject Area Indicators and Key Word List for RD and FRD - October 2005 Booklet, DOE Subject Area Indicators and Key Word List for RD and FRD - October 2005 October 2005 The purpose of this booklet is to assist individuals of Government agencies who generate or review classified documents to recognize the presence of nuclear information that is potentially classified as Restricted Data (RD) or Formerly Restricted Data (FRD). This book is

  17. Energy Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) | Department of Energy Energy Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) Energy Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) The Energy Sector has developed a vision statement and six sector security goals that will be used as the framework for developing and

  18. Energy: Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) | Department of Energy Energy: Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) Energy: Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific Plan as input to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (Redacted) In June 2006, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced completion of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan

  19. SECTION L … ATTACHMENT xx … KEY PERSONNEL AND CRITICAL WORK AREA PERSONNEL RESUME ELEMENTS

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    2] Attachment L-3a KEY PERSONNEL RESUME ELEMENTS 1. Name of Offeror: 2. Name of Key Person: 3. Proposed Position: 4. Duties and Responsibilities in Proposed Position including elements of SOW assigned: 5. Chronological Work History: Start with current position and work backwards. A. Name and Address of Firm: B. Position(s) Held: C. Dates of Employment: D. General Summary of Responsibilities: Provide a concise description of major duties and responsibilities for each job relevant to the proposed

  20. At SXSW Eco: Small Businesses Play Key Role in Developing Clean Energy |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy At SXSW Eco: Small Businesses Play Key Role in Developing Clean Energy At SXSW Eco: Small Businesses Play Key Role in Developing Clean Energy October 11, 2016 - 3:45pm Addthis This technology transfer public-private partnership project at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory demonstrates friction stir welding, a process that overcomes the challenges of traditional laser welding, enabling manufacturers to use more lightweight materials in more vehicle components, thus

  1. At SXSW Eco: Small Businesses Play Key Role in Developing Clean Energy |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy At SXSW Eco: Small Businesses Play Key Role in Developing Clean Energy At SXSW Eco: Small Businesses Play Key Role in Developing Clean Energy October 12, 2016 - 11:31am Addthis This technology transfer public-private partnership project at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory demonstrates friction stir welding, a process that overcomes the challenges of traditional laser welding, enabling manufacturers to use more lightweight materials in more vehicle components, thus

  2. Road Blocks Yield Key Information about a Catalyst | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Road Blocks Yield Key Information about a Catalyst Researchers systematically blocked key chemical reaction pathways to get unambiguous information about how carbon-nitrogen bonds are formed in a catalytic reaction known as hydroamination. Understanding a multi-step catalytic mechanism is like a solving a puzzle where you can't see the pieces. However, you can add your own "pieces" with known shapes to figure out what other pieces of the puzzle then will (or will not) fit.

  3. FreedomCAR Technical Teams: 2002 Key Accomplishments | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technical Teams: 2002 Key Accomplishments FreedomCAR Technical Teams: 2002 Key Accomplishments Report highlighting specific accomplishments that the FreedomCAR Partners recognize as significant milestones or breakthroughs achieved in 2002. 2002_fcfp_accomplishments_rpt.pdf (1.99 MB) More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of Supporting Information -

  4. Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall Meets Key Government Officials in Beijing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy Meets Key Government Officials in Beijing Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall Meets Key Government Officials in Beijing April 15, 2015 - 2:01pm Addthis Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall and Secretary Pritzker pose with the trade mission delegation in Beijing. Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall and Secretary Pritzker pose with the trade mission delegation in Beijing. Maisah Khan Maisah Khan Special Advisor, Office of International Affairs How can I participate? Follow

  5. Completing Salt Waste Processing Facility is an EM Priority and Key to SRS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cleanup Progress | Department of Energy Completing Salt Waste Processing Facility is an EM Priority and Key to SRS Cleanup Progress Completing Salt Waste Processing Facility is an EM Priority and Key to SRS Cleanup Progress January 14, 2016 - 12:40pm Addthis SRS employees and contractors gather to celebrate SWPF contractor Parsons' Star status, the highest recognition in the Voluntary Protection Program (VPP). DOE launched VPP in 1994 to encourage and recognize excellence in occupational

  6. Spotlight on Key Program Strategies from the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Spotlight on Key Program Strategies from the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Final Evaluation Volume 6 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 June 2015 Prepared For: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy DOE/EE-1207 DOE/EE-1207 Final Report Spotlight on Key Program Strategies from the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Final Evaluation Volume 6 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 June 2015 Funded By: Prepared By: Research Into

  7. Metabolic characteristics of dominant microbes and key rare species from an

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    acidic hot spring in Taiwan revealed by metagenomics (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Metabolic characteristics of dominant microbes and key rare species from an acidic hot spring in Taiwan revealed by metagenomics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Metabolic characteristics of dominant microbes and key rare species from an acidic hot spring in Taiwan revealed by metagenomics Microbial diversity and community structures in acidic hot springs have been characterized by 16S rRNA

  8. Together with Key Allies, DOE Launches New Data Collaborative to Help

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cities and States Advance Building Efficiency | Department of Energy Together with Key Allies, DOE Launches New Data Collaborative to Help Cities and States Advance Building Efficiency Together with Key Allies, DOE Launches New Data Collaborative to Help Cities and States Advance Building Efficiency November 9, 2015 - 5:11pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - together with the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), the Institute for Market Transformation (IMT), the National

  9. U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    with Kazakhstan | Department of Energy NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project with Kazakhstan U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project with Kazakhstan September 29, 2006 - 9:01am Addthis Agreement Reached To Downblend HEU and Convert Reactor WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy and the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) today announced that they have reached an important agreement-in-principle with the Government of Kazakhstan to move forward with

  10. The Five-Step Process Framework for Project Development and Key Concepts

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Framework for Project Development and Key Concepts Project Development Process: What Is It? * Framework based on experience * Focuses on key decision points * Shows that project development is iterative * Emphasizes that delaying or deciding against a project that does not meet current goals is a viable outcome and option 2 Project Uncertainty/Capitol at Risk 3 Unknowns Investment Revenue pays off invested $ Project Operation Financial Close Step 1, Step 2, Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Construction

  11. Association of cytokine gene polymorphisms in CWP and its severity in Turkish coal workers

    SciTech Connect

    Ates, I.; Suzen, H.S.; Yucesoy, B.; Tekin, I.O.; Karakaya, A.

    2008-10-15

    Cytokines appear to play a key role in some inflammatory reactions affecting the interactions among pro- and anti-inflammatory mechanisms that result in several diseases such as coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). In this study, to determine the cytokine gene profiles of Turkish coal miners, we performed genotyping analysis to investigate the polymorphisms of CWP-related pro-inflammatory (TNFA, IL1A, IL1B, and IL6) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1RN and TGFB1). Genotyping was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. TNFA (-238) gene polymorphism principally affected CWP development and severity (OR=3.47: 95% CI, 1.12-10.77 and OR=4.30: 95% CI, 1.25-14.74, respectively) and also risk of CWP (OR=3.79: 95% CI, 1.37-10.46). The TNFA (-308) variant was associated with a risk for the CWP severity (OR = 2.84: 95% CI, 1.08-7.39). A protective effect of IL6 was found on the development (OR = 0.48: 95% CI, 0.21-0.93) and severity of CWP (OR = 0.37: 95% CI, 0.15-0.91). We suggest that TNFA (-238) variant may be a risk factor in both development and the severity, of CWP while TNFA (-308) variant seems to be important only in disease severity On the other hand, IL6 variant may have a protective effect on the development and disease severity.

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Granite City Army Depot...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Site was used for storage of GSA thorium residues until circa 1964. IL.0-02-1 Site ... Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Thorium IL.0-02-1 Radiological Survey(s): None ...

  13. Local Hotels | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Additional Hotels AmeriSuites Burr Ridge 15 W. 90 N. Frontage Road Burr Ridge, IL 60521 Reservations: 630323-7530 La Quinta 225 W. South Frontage Road Bolingbrook, IL 60440 ...

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- W E Pratt Manufacturing...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    E Pratt Manufacturing Co - IL 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: W.E. PRATT MANUFACTURING ... under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to W.E. PRATT MANUFACTURING CO. IL.12-1 - Letter, ...

  15. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    PROCESSOR-IL","IL","ILLINOIS",2 "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",7,025,"Crude Oil",3401,"PEMBINA, ND","NORTH DAKOTA",2,260,"CANADA",58,3.14,14,"UNK...

  16. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    PROCESSOR-IL","IL","ILLINOIS",2 "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",4,025,"Crude Oil",3401,"PEMBINA, ND","NORTH DAKOTA",2,260,"CANADA",1,3.14,14,"UNKN...

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- International Register ...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Year: 1987 IL.15-3 Site Operations: Limited testing of centerless grinding techniques for uranium metal for the AEC. IL.15-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for...

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Armour Research Foundation...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    , Illinois IL.17-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 IL.17-3 Site Operations: Facility operated a research reactor and conducted associated research for the AEC beginning in the late 1940s. ...

  19. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    In the Midwest, Horizon pipeline received approval to begin construction of a 70-mile pipeline from Joliet, IL north to McHenry, IL. When completed, the project will add...

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Great Lakes Carbon Corp...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Operations: Facility performed a limited amount of nuclear fuel fabrication in the 1950s. ... performed IL.21-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes IL.21-3 Primary Radioactive ...

  1. City of Geneva, Illinois (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Geneva Place: Illinois Phone Number: 630-232-1503 Website: www.geneva.il.usindex.aspx?NI Twitter: @CityofGeneva Facebook: https:www.facebook.comgeneva.il Outage Hotline:...

  2. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick Avenue, Brookfield, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick Avenue, Brookfield, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: ...

  3. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Date:","12312015" ,"Next Release Date:","01292016" ,"Excel File Name:","n3050il3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:tonto.eia.govdnavnghistn3050il3m.htm"...

  4. Microsoft Word - ESnetServiceLevels-V4.0.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Denver, CO 10G ILLINOIS Inter CAMPUS COMMUNICATION NETWORK (ICCN) Chicago, IL 10G INDIANA ... NM 1G CIC-OMNIPOP Chicago, IL 10G PACIFIC WAVE Seattle WA 10G PACIFIC WAVE Sunnyvale CA, ...

  5. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    File Name:","n3020il4m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:tonto.eia.govdnavnghistn3020il4m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help,...

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wyckoff Drawn Steel Co ...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Drawn Steel Co - IL 0-09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Wyckoff Drawn Steel Co (IL 0-09) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: ...

  7. "2014 Retail Power Marketers Sales- Residential"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Solutions Corp.","IL","Power Marketer",477853,4492034,227638.8,5.0676108 "Green Mountain Energy Company","IL","Power Marketer",24959,190336,16176.4,8.4988652 "Homefield ...

  8. "2014 Retail Power Marketers Sales- Total"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... "Glacial Energy Holdings","IL","Power Marketer",2426,128194,8721.1,6.8030485 "Green Mountain Energy Company","IL","Power Marketer",24967,198273,16620.1,8.3824323 "Homefield ...

  9. "2014 Retail Power Marketers Sales- Commercial"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... "Glacial Energy Holdings","IL","Power Marketer",2426,128194,8721.1,6.8030485 "Green Mountain Energy Company","IL","Power Marketer",8,7937,443.7,5.5902734 "Homefield ...

  10. Fermilab | Photowalk | 2015 Photowalk: Winning Images

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    here. Top Three Photos thumb First place photo by Mike Baker, Bolingbrook, IL Hi-res Med-res thumb Second place photo by Mike Baker, Bolingbrook, IL Hi-res Med-res thumb...

  11. Fermilab | Photowalk | 2012 Winning Images

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    information. Top Five Photos thumb First place photo by Stan Kirschner, Mundelein, IL Hi-res Med-res thumb Second place photo by Brian Schultz, Naperville, IL Hi-res Med-res...

  12. Gas Technology Institute (Partnership for Advanced Residential...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Technology Institute (Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gas Technology Institute Place: Des Plaines, IL Website:...

  13. Utilization Technology Institute | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Utilization Technology Institute Jump to: navigation, search Name: Utilization Technology Institute Place: Des Plaines, IL References: Utilization Technology Institute1...

  14. Low-Cost Gas Heat Pump For Building Space Heating

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lead Performer: Stone Mountain Technologies - Erwin, TN Partners: -- A.O. Smith - Milwaukee, WI -- Gas Technology Institute - Des Plaines, IL

  15. computational-fluid-dynamics-training

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Table of Contents Date Location Advanced Hydraulic and Aerodynamic Analysis Using CFD March 27-28, 2013 Argonne TRACC Argonne, IL Computational Hydraulics and Aerodynamics using STAR-CCM+ for CFD Analysis March 21-22, 2012 Argonne TRACC Argonne, IL Computational Hydraulics and Aerodynamics using STAR-CCM+ for CFD Analysis March 30-31, 2011 Argonne TRACC Argonne, IL Computational Hydraulics for Transportation Workshop September 23-24, 2009 Argonne TRACC West Chicago, IL

  16. Recent results from the Tevatron (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research Org: Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL Sponsoring Org: ... DETECTION; PARTICLE RAPIDITY; PHOSPHORS; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; STANDARD MODEL; ...

  17. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Evolutionary Home Builders, The

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Adaptation Home, Geneva, IL | Department of Energy Evolutionary Home Builders, The Adaptation Home, Geneva, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Evolutionary Home Builders, The Adaptation Home, Geneva, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Evolutionary Home Builders, The Adaptation Home, Geneva, IL Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the cold climate that got a HERS 30 without PV, with 2x8 24" on center walls with blown fiberglass and

  18. Construction Safety Advisory Committee, Meeting Minutes- May 23, 2002

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Description of CSAC agenda activities during CSAC meeting in Chicago, IL. The meeting was held on May 23, 2002.

  19. Practical private database queries based on a quantum-key-distribution protocol

    SciTech Connect

    Jakobi, Markus; Simon, Christoph; Gisin, Nicolas; Bancal, Jean-Daniel; Branciard, Cyril; Walenta, Nino; Zbinden, Hugo

    2011-02-15

    Private queries allow a user, Alice, to learn an element of a database held by a provider, Bob, without revealing which element she is interested in, while limiting her information about the other elements. We propose to implement private queries based on a quantum-key-distribution protocol, with changes only in the classical postprocessing of the key. This approach makes our scheme both easy to implement and loss tolerant. While unconditionally secure private queries are known to be impossible, we argue that an interesting degree of security can be achieved by relying on fundamental physical principles instead of unverifiable security assumptions in order to protect both the user and the database. We think that the scope exists for such practical private queries to become another remarkable application of quantum information in the footsteps of quantum key distribution.

  20. Knowledge, skills, and abilities for key radiation protection positions at DOE facilities

    SciTech Connect

    1997-01-01

    This document provides detailed qualification criteria for contractor key radiation protection personnel. Although federal key radiation protection positions are also identified, qualification standards for federal positions are provided in DOE O 360.1 and the DOE Technical Qualifications Program. Appendices B and D provide detailed listings for knowledge, skills, and abilities for contractor and DOE federal key radiation protection positions. This information may be used in developing position descriptions and individual development plans. Information provided in Appendix C may be useful in developing performance measures and assessing an individual`s performance in his or her specific position. Additionally, Federal personnel may use this information to augment their Office/facility qualification standards under the Technical Qualifications Program.

  1. Provably-Secure Authenticated Group Diffie-Hellman KeyExchange

    SciTech Connect

    Bresson, Emmanuel; Chevassut, Olivier; Pointcheval, David

    2007-01-01

    Authenticated key exchange protocols allow two participantsA and B, communicating over a public network and each holding anauthentication means, to exchange a shared secret value. Methods designedto deal with this cryptographic problem ensure A (resp. B) that no otherparticipants aside from B (resp. A) can learn any information about theagreed value, and often also ensure A and B that their respective partnerhas actually computed this value. A natural extension to thiscryptographic method is to consider a pool of participants exchanging ashared secret value and to provide a formal treatment for it. Startingfrom the famous 2-party Diffie-Hellman (DH) key exchange protocol, andfrom its authenticated variants, security experts have extended it to themulti-party setting for over a decade and completed a formal analysis inthe framework of modern cryptography in the past few years. The presentpaper synthesizes this body of work on the provably-secure authenticatedgroup DH key exchange.

  2. Methods and apparatuses for self-generating fault-tolerant keys in spread-spectrum systems

    SciTech Connect

    Moradi, Hussein; Farhang, Behrouz; Subramanian, Vijayarangam

    2015-12-15

    Self-generating fault-tolerant keys for use in spread-spectrum systems are disclosed. At a communication device, beacon signals are received from another communication device and impulse responses are determined from the beacon signals. The impulse responses are circularly shifted to place a largest sample at a predefined position. The impulse responses are converted to a set of frequency responses in a frequency domain. The frequency responses are shuffled with a predetermined shuffle scheme to develop a set of shuffled frequency responses. A set of phase differences is determined as a difference between an angle of the frequency response and an angle of the shuffled frequency response at each element of the corresponding sets. Each phase difference is quantized to develop a set of secret-key quantized phases and a set of spreading codes is developed wherein each spreading code includes a corresponding phase of the set of secret-key quantized phases.

  3. Methods and apparatuses for self-generating fault-tolerant keys in spread-spectrum systems

    DOEpatents

    Moradi, Hussein; Farhang, Behrouz; Subramanian, Vijayarangam

    2015-12-22

    Self-generating fault-tolerant keys for use in spread-spectrum systems are disclosed. At a communication device, beacon signals are received from another communication device and impulse responses are determined from the beacon signals. The impulse responses are circularly shifted to place a largest sample at a predefined position. The impulse responses are converted to a set of frequency responses in a frequency domain. The frequency responses are shuffled with a predetermined shuffle scheme to develop a set of shuffled frequency responses. A set of phase differences is determined as a difference between an angle of the frequency response and an angle of the shuffled frequency response at each element of the corresponding sets. Each phase difference is quantized to develop a set of secret-key quantized phases and a set of spreading codes is developed wherein each spreading code includes a corresponding phase of the set of secret-key quantized phases.

  4. Entanglement verification for quantum-key-distribution systems with an underlying bipartite qubit-mode structure

    SciTech Connect

    Rigas, Johannes; Luetkenhaus, Norbert

    2006-01-15

    We consider entanglement detection for quantum-key-distribution systems that use two signal states and continuous-variable measurements. This problem can be formulated as a separability problem in a qubit-mode system. To verify entanglement, we introduce an object that combines the covariance matrix of the mode with the density matrix of the qubit. We derive necessary separability criteria for this scenario. These criteria can be readily evaluated using semidefinite programming and we apply them to the specific quantum key distribution protocol.

  5. Removal of Hazards Key to Deactivating DOE's Paducah Site | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Hazards Key to Deactivating DOE's Paducah Site Removal of Hazards Key to Deactivating DOE's Paducah Site June 1, 2016 - 1:29pm Addthis A maintenance mechanic removes a filter from the lubricating oil strainer in the C-333 Building at the Department of Energy’s Paducah Site. (Photo by Dylan Nichols, Fluor Paducah Deactivation Project) A maintenance mechanic removes a filter from the lubricating oil strainer in the C-333 Building at the Department of Energy's Paducah Site. (Photo

  6. Large trees-key climate influencers-die first in drought

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Large trees-key climate influencers-die first in drought Large trees-key climate influencers-die first in drought A team of researchers studied forests worldwide, ranging from semi-arid woodlands to tropic rainforests, to determine how a tree's size impacts its response to drought. September 29, 2015 Large trees suffer more than small trees during and after droughts, and while theories had suggested this should be a globally consistent pattern, a new study confirms the concept with a worldwide

  7. PPPL-led researchers seek to demonstrate a novel design for a key

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    diagnostic tool for ITER | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab PPPL-led researchers seek to demonstrate a novel design for a key diagnostic tool for ITER By John Greenwald April 13, 2012 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Dave Johnson (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) Dave Johnson Scientists working under the leadership of the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have developed and are preparing to test a novel design for a key

  8. Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery The new research could lead to better understanding of solar flares and ejections of material from the Sun's corona. July 11, 2013 Electric current intensity from a high-resolution simulation of a turbulent plasma Electric current intensity from a high-resolution simulation of a turbulent plasma. The phenomenon of "fast magnetic reconnection"

  9. Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery The new research could lead to better understanding of solar flares and ejections of material from the Sun's corona. July 11, 2013 Electric current intensity from a high-resolution simulation of a turbulent plasma Electric current intensity from a high-resolution simulation of a turbulent plasma. The phenomenon of "fast magnetic reconnection"

  10. Analysis of key safety metrics of thorium utilization in LWRs (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | DOE PAGES Analysis of key safety metrics of thorium utilization in LWRs This content will become publicly available on April 8, 2017 « Prev Next » Title: Analysis of key safety metrics of thorium utilization in LWRs Here, thorium has great potential to stretch nuclear fuel reserves because of its natural abundance and because it is possible to breed the 232Th isotope into a fissile fuel (233U). Various scenarios exist for utilization of thorium in the nuclear fuel cycle,

  11. Analysis of key safety metrics of thorium utilization in LWRs (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | SciTech Connect Analysis of key safety metrics of thorium utilization in LWRs Citation Details In-Document Search This content will become publicly available on April 8, 2017 Title: Analysis of key safety metrics of thorium utilization in LWRs Here, thorium has great potential to stretch nuclear fuel reserves because of its natural abundance and because it is possible to breed the 232Th isotope into a fissile fuel (233U). Various scenarios exist for utilization of thorium in the

  12. SECA Fuel Cell Program Moves Two Key Projects Into Next Phase | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy SECA Fuel Cell Program Moves Two Key Projects Into Next Phase SECA Fuel Cell Program Moves Two Key Projects Into Next Phase February 5, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has selected two projects for continuation within the Department's Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Program research portfolio. The projects--led by FuelCell Energy, in partnership with VersaPower Systems, and Siemens Energy--have successfully demonstrated

  13. Website Provides Data for Key Oil Play in North Dakota, Eastern Montana |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Website Provides Data for Key Oil Play in North Dakota, Eastern Montana Website Provides Data for Key Oil Play in North Dakota, Eastern Montana July 19, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A new web-based geographic information system designed to improve oil production in North Dakota and eastern Montana has been launched with support from the U.S. Department of Energy. The Bakken Decision Support System (BDSS) assembles data for the Bakken and Three Forks Formations

  14. Regulation of the human interleukin-2/interleukin-2 receptor system: A role for immunosuppression

    SciTech Connect

    Kaempfer, R.

    1994-12-31

    The strength of the cellular immune response is regulated to a large extent by the amount of interleukin-2 (IL-2) produced in response to a stimulus. The ability of lymphocytes and other cells to respond to IL-2 depends upon the expression of cell surface IL-2 receptors. Formation of a high-affinity IL-2 receptor is regulated primarily through induction of its {alpha} subunit, IL-2R{alpha}. Once formed, the IL-2R{alpha} chain turns over rapidly, rendering expression of high-affinity IL-2 receptors during the immune response dependent upon continuous activity of the IL-2R{alpha} gene. The induced expression of both human IL-2 and IL-2R{alpha} chains is sensitive to cell-mediated suppression by CD8 cells; depletion of CD8 cells leads to extensive superinduction. This coupled suppression of IL-2 and IL-2R{alpha} genes greatly increases the extend of control, and strongly limits the strength, of the signal transduced by this ligand/receptor system during an immune response. 29 refs., 3 figs.

  15. Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in the steel sector in key developing countries

    SciTech Connect

    Price, L.K.; Phylipsen, G.J.M.; Worrell, E.

    2001-04-01

    Iron and steel production consumes enormous quantities of energy, especially in developing countries where outdated, inefficient technologies are still used to produce iron and steel. Carbon dioxide emissions from steel production, which range between 5 and 15% of total country emissions in key developing countries (Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa), will continue to grow as these countries develop and as demand for steel products such as materials, automobiles, and appliances increases. In this report, we describe the key steel processes, discuss typical energy-intensity values for these processes, review historical trends in iron and steel production by process in five key developing countries, describe the steel industry in each of the five key developing countries, present international comparisons of energy use and carbon dioxide emissions among these countries, and provide our assessment of the technical potential to reduce these emissions based on best-practice benchmarking. Using a best practice benchmark, we find that significant savings, in the range of 33% to 49% of total primary energy used to produce steel, are technically possible in these countries. Similarly, we find that the technical potential for reducing intensities of carbon dioxide emissions ranges between 26% and 49% of total carbon dioxide emissions from steel production in these countries.

  16. SOW and Key Performance Parameters (KPP) Handbook Final Version 9-30-2014

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This handbook provides suggested guidance and best practices for developing a complete statement of work (SOW) in support of contracts for capital asset projects, and the development of key performance parameters (KPPs) for capital asset projects within DOE. SOW and KPP Handbook – Final, September 2014

  17. Quantum displacement receiver for M-ary phase-shift-keyed coherent states

    SciTech Connect

    Izumi, Shuro; Takeoka, Masahiro; Fujiwara, Mikio; Sasaki, Masahide; Pozza, Nicola Dalla; Assalini, Antonio

    2014-12-04

    We propose quantum receivers for 3- and 4-ary phase-shift-keyed (PSK) coherent state signals to overcome the standard quantum limit (SQL). Our receiver, consisting of a displacement operation and on-off detectors with or without feedforward, provides an error probability performance beyond the SQL. We show feedforward operations can tolerate the requirement for the detector specifications.

  18. Timing of representation on key panels not great | OSTI, US Dept of Energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information Timing of representation on key panels not great Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2006 (Knoxville News-Sentinel) Tennessee has a U.S. senator and member of Congress on the committees that control federal spending, but the timing of that tag team arrangement is not so good. ...12/22 [Registration Required]

  19. Interleukin 6 promotes endometrial cancer growth through an autocrine feedback loop involving ERKNF-?B signaling pathway

    SciTech Connect

    Che, Qi; Liu, Bin-Ya; Wang, Fang-Yuan; He, Yin-Yan; Lu, Wen; Liao, Yun; Gu, Wei; Wan, Xiao-Ping

    2014-03-28

    Highlights: IL-6 could promote endometrial cancer cells proliferation. IL-6 promotes its own production through an autocrine feedback loop. ERK and NF-?B pathway inhibitors inhibit IL-6 production and tumor growth. IL-6 secretion relies on the activation of ERKNF-?B pathway axis. An orthotopic nude endometrial carcinoma model confirms the effect of IL-6. - Abstract: Interleukin (IL)-6 as an inflammation factor, has been proved to promote cancer proliferation in several human cancers. However, its role in endometrial cancer has not been studied clearly. Previously, we demonstrated that IL-6 promoted endometrial cancer progression through local estrogen biosynthesis. In this study, we proved that IL-6 could directly stimulate endometrial cancer cells proliferation and an autocrine feedback loop increased its production even after the withdrawal of IL-6 from the medium. Next, we analyzed the mechanism underlying IL-6 production in the feedback loop and found that its production and IL-6-stimulated cell proliferation were effectively blocked by pharmacologic inhibitors of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-?B) and extra-cellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Importantly, activation of ERK was upstream of the NF-?B pathways, revealing the hierarchy of this event. Finally, we used an orthotopic nude endometrial carcinoma model to confirm the effects of IL-6 on the tumor progression. Taken together, these data indicate that IL-6 promotes endometrial carcinoma growth through an expanded autocrine regulatory loop and implicate the ERKNF-?B pathway as a critical mediator of IL-6 production, implying IL-6 to be an important therapeutic target in endometrial carcinoma.

  20. Grid Parity for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities; Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Clark, N.

    2012-08-01

    In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that electricity price rather than technical parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

  1. Key Parameters for Operator Diagnosis of BWR Plant Condition during a Severe Accident

    SciTech Connect

    Clayton, Dwight A.; Poore, III, Willis P.

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this research is to examine the key information needed from nuclear power plant instrumentation to guide severe accident management and mitigation for boiling water reactor (BWR) designs (specifically, a BWR/4-Mark I), estimate environmental conditions that the instrumentation will experience during a severe accident, and identify potential gaps in existing instrumentation that may require further research and development. This report notes the key parameters that instrumentation needs to measure to help operators respond to severe accidents. A follow-up report will assess severe accident environmental conditions as estimated by severe accident simulation model analysis for a specific US BWR/4-Mark I plant for those instrumentation systems considered most important for accident management purposes.

  2. Two-Party secret key distribution via a modified quantum secret sharing protocol

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Grice, Warren P.; Evans, Philip G.; Lawrie, Benjamin; Legré, M.; Lougovski, P.; Ray, William R.; Williams, Brian P.; Qi, B.; Smith, A. M.

    2015-01-01

    We present and demonstrate a method of distributing secret information based on N-party single-qubit Quantum Secret Sharing (QSS) in a modied plug-and-play two-party Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) system with N 2 intermediate nodes and compare it to both standard QSS and QKD. Our setup is based on the Clavis2 QKD system built by ID Quantique but is generalizable to any implementation. We show that any two out of N parties can build a secret key based on partial information from each other and with collaboration from the remaining N 2 parties. This method signicantly reduces the number of resources (singlemore » photon detectors, lasers and dark ber connections) needed to implement QKD on the grid.« less

  3. Two-Party secret key distribution via a modified quantum secret sharing protocol

    SciTech Connect

    Grice, Warren P.; Evans, Philip G.; Lawrie, Benjamin; Legré, M.; Lougovski, P.; Ray, William R.; Williams, Brian P.; Qi, B.; Smith, A. M.

    2015-01-01

    We present and demonstrate a method of distributing secret information based on N-party single-qubit Quantum Secret Sharing (QSS) in a modied plug-and-play two-party Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) system with N 2 intermediate nodes and compare it to both standard QSS and QKD. Our setup is based on the Clavis2 QKD system built by ID Quantique but is generalizable to any implementation. We show that any two out of N parties can build a secret key based on partial information from each other and with collaboration from the remaining N 2 parties. This method signicantly reduces the number of resources (single photon detectors, lasers and dark ber connections) needed to implement QKD on the grid.

  4. Structure of the MTIP-MyoA Complex, a Key Component of the Malaria Parasite

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Invasion Motor the MTIP-MyoA Complex, a Key Component of the Malaria Parasite Invasion Motor Malaria is one of the most devastating parasitic diseases worldwide, amounting to 300 to 500 million cases and ~2 million deaths per year (1). Multiple species of Plasmodium infect the human host, the most important ones being P. falciparum and P. vivax. Increased occurrence of multi-drug resistant Plasmodium strains reflects the need for new effective antimalarials. Human infection starts when

  5. High-Performance Computing at Los Alamos announces milestone for key/value

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    middleware High-Performance Computing announces milestone High-Performance Computing at Los Alamos announces milestone for key/value middleware Billion inserts-per-second data milestone reached for supercomputing tool. May 26, 2014 Billion inserts-per-second data milestone reached for supercomputing tool Billion inserts-per-second data milestone reached for supercomputing tool. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "This milestone was achieved by a

  6. Roasting Biomass May Be Key Process in Bioenergy Economy | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information Roasting Biomass May Be Key Process in Bioenergy Economy Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2010 Biorefineries may soon rely on a process akin to roasting coffee beans to get more energy-dense biomass. A new collaborative study between Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) will investigate whether such roasting can create a more valuable product for the nascent biofuels industry. DOepatents is the

  7. MgCl2: The Key Ingredient to Improve Chloride Containing Electrolytes for

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Rechargeable Magnesium-Ion Batteries - Joint Center for Energy Storage Research June 4, 2016, Research Highlights MgCl2: The Key Ingredient to Improve Chloride Containing Electrolytes for Rechargeable Magnesium-Ion Batteries The addition of MgCl2 into Grignard reagents, APC, and alkoxide Mg electrolytes improves all the aspects of their electrochemical properties. Scientific Achievement The effect of MgCl2 on a series of chloride containing magnesium electrolytes has been experimentally

  8. Focus Series: Program Finds Community ReadinessŽ Is the Key to More Retrofits

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    betterbuildings.energy.gov/neighborhoods BETTERBUILDINGS FOR MICHIGAN Program Finds Community "Readiness" Is the Key to More Retrofits In 2010, Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partner BetterBuildings for Michigan launched an energy efficiency program through neighborhood "sweeps" in 58 communities across the state. Through this effort, BetterBuildings for Michigan developed a "readiness scale," or a way to determine each community's readiness to make energy

  9. PPPL scientists present key results at the 58th annual meeting of the

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    American Physical Society Division of Plasma Physics | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab scientists present key results at the 58th annual meeting of the American Physical Society Division of Plasma Physics By John Greenwald November 1, 2016 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Simulation of plasmoid, left, and fast-camera image of experiment showing two plasmoid-like structures. Images taken from PPPL release, "Launching Fusion Reactions Without a Central Magnet, or

  10. Expert Meeting Report: Key Innovations for Adding Energy Efficiency to Maintenance Projects

    SciTech Connect

    Wood, A.; Wiehagen, J.

    2012-09-01

    This report describes an expert meeting hosted by the Building America research team NAHB Research Center, which was held on February 8, 2012, in Orlando, Florida. The topic, Key Innovations for Adding Energy Efficiency to Maintenance Projects, was intended to provide direction to more focused efforts to increase the efficiency of existing homes; in this meeting, the focus was specifically for re-roofing and the opportunities for adding energy efficiency upgrades during this major home repair activity.

  11. PPPL scientists take key step toward solving a major astrophysical mystery

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab scientists take key step toward solving a major astrophysical mystery By John Greenwald September 10, 2014 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook This fast-camera image shows plasma during magnetic reconnection, with magnetic field lines rendered in white based on measurements made during the experiment. The converging horizontal lines represent the field lines prior to reconnection. The outgoing vertical lines represent the field lines after

  12. PPPL scientists take key step toward solving a major astrophysical mystery

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab scientists take key step toward solving a major astrophysical mystery By John Greenwald September 10, 2014 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook This fast-camera image shows plasma during magnetic reconnection, with magnetic field lines rendered in white based on measurements made during the experiment. The converging horizontal lines represent the field lines prior to reconnection. The outgoing vertical lines represent the field lines after

  13. PPPL to launch major upgrade of key fusion energy test facility | Princeton

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Lab to launch major upgrade of key fusion energy test facility NSTX project will produce most powerful spherical torus in the world By John Greenwald January 9, 2012 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook NSTX-U cross section. NSTX-U cross section. Gallery: (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of

  14. PPPL scientists present key results at the 58th annual meeting of the

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    American Physical Society Division of Plasma Physics | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab scientists present key results at the 58th annual meeting of the American Physical Society Division of Plasma Physics By John Greenwald November 1, 2016 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Simulation of plasmoid, left, and fast-camera image of experiment showing two plasmoid-like structures. Images taken from PPPL release, "Launching Fusion Reactions Without a Central Magnet, or

  15. NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions

    SciTech Connect

    Wayne Moe

    2013-05-01

    This document provides key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions related to the Next Generation Nuclear Plant to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions were extracted from a number of NGNP Project sources such as licensing related white papers, previously issued requirement documents, and preapplication interactions with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).

  16. Building America Expert Meeting: Key Innovations for Adding Energy Efficiency to Maintenance Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This report describes an expert meeting hosted by the Building America research team NAHB Research Center, which was held on February 8, 2012, in Orlando, Florida. The topic, Key Innovations for Adding Energy Efficiency to Maintenance Projects, was intended to provide direction to more focused efforts to increase the efficiency of existing homes; in this meeting, the focus was specifically for re-roofing and the opportunities for adding energy efficiency upgrades during this major home repair activity.

  17. NASA agreements advance Mars exploration, Los Alamos Rover instrument a key

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    component NASA agreements advance Mars exploration NASA agreements advance Mars exploration, Los Alamos Rover instrument a key component Los Alamos National Laboratory is coordinating with the French science and engineering team on developing SuperCam. June 17, 2015 SuperCam builds upon the successful capabilities demonstrated by ChemCam aboard the Curiosity Rover during NASA's current Mars Mission. SuperCam will allow researchers to sample rocks and other targets from a distance using a

  18. NNSA thanks CFC key workers for a job well done | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administration | (NNSA) thanks CFC key workers for a job well done Thursday, March 31, 2016 - 9:07am From left, Sandra Caesar, NNSA's M&O Contracting Branch; Ann Madison, DOE CFC Campaign Manager; Sheri Bone, NNSA CFC senior coordinator, Senior Program Manager in the Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation; Sylvester L. Harris, Senior Strategic Planner for the Office of Defense Nuclear Security; NNSA Principal Deputy Administrator Madelyn Creedon; Jason H. Gerbsman, Executive

  19. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Performance in the Key Early Markets of Material Handling Equipment and Backup Power (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Kurtz, J.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.; Saur, G.; Ainscough, C.; Post, M.; Peters, M.

    2013-10-01

    This presentation summarizes the results of NREL's analysis of hydrogen fuel cell performance in the key early markets of material handling equipment (MHE) and backup power.

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - DOE O 413 3B Brief v9 with key points in notes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    [Read-Only] | Department of Energy DOE O 413 3B Brief v9 with key points in notes [Read-Only] Microsoft PowerPoint - DOE O 413 3B Brief v9 with key points in notes [Read-Only] Microsoft PowerPoint - DOE O 413 3B Brief v9 with key points in notes [Read-Only] (2.08 MB) More Documents & Publications Microsoft PowerPoint - DOE O 413 3B Brief v9 with key points in notes [Read-Only] CD-2, Approve Performance Baseline External Independent Review (EIR) Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)

  1. Financing Energy Improvements on Utility Bills: Market Updates and Key Program Design Considerations for Policymakers and Administrators

    SciTech Connect

    2014-05-22

    Provides an overview of the current state of on-bill programs and provides actionable insights on key program design considerations for on-bill lending programs.

  2. Strategies for Overcoming Key Barriers to Development of a National Security Workforce

    SciTech Connect

    2008-06-30

    This report documents the strategies for overcoming identified key barriers to development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP) being performed under a Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. Many barriers currently exist that prevent the development of an adequate number of properly trained national security personnel. The identified strategies to address the barriers will focus on both short-term and long-term efforts, as well as strategies to capture legacy knowledge of retiring national security workforce personnel.

  3. KEY DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR THE HIGH TEMPERATURE GAS-COOLED REACTOR NUCLEAR HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect

    L.E. Demick

    2010-09-01

    Key requirements that affect the design of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor nuclear heat supply system (HTGR-NHSS) as the NGNP Project progresses through the design, licensing, construction and testing of the first of a kind HTGR based plant are summarized. These requirements derive from pre-conceptual design development completed to-date by HTGR Suppliers, collaboration with potential end users of the HTGR technology to identify energy needs, evaluation of integration of the HTGR technology with industrial processes and recommendations of the NGNP Project Senior Advisory Group.

  4. Overview of Indian Hydrogen Program and Key Safety Issues of Hydrogen Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Transportation and US Department of Energy Workshop on o s op o Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lessons Learned for the Safe Deployment of Vehicles Overview of Indian Hydrogen Programme & Overview of Indian Hydrogen Programme & Key Safety Issues on Hydrogen Fuel y y y g Dilip Chenoy Di t G l Director General Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) December 10-11 2009 Washington DC SIAM 1 December 10-11, 2009, Washington DC Overview of Indian Hydrogen Programme &

  5. Office Civilian Waste Management Transportation Institutional Program Update on Collaborative Efforts with Key Stakeholders

    SciTech Connect

    E. Saris; P. Austin; J.J. Offner

    2004-12-29

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) created the Office of National Transportation in 2003 recognizing the need to revitalize and accelerate development of the transportation system. The Department has made a commitment to work through a collaborative planning process before developing specific policies and procedures and making transportation decisions. OCRWM has begun to build the institutional framework to support development of this transportation system. Interactions with stakeholders have been initiated. The authors describe the key stakeholders, identified issues, regional and national planning activities, and mechanisms for interaction.

  6. Room temperature single-photon detectors for high bit rate quantum key distribution

    SciTech Connect

    Comandar, L. C.; Patel, K. A.; Frhlich, B. Lucamarini, M.; Sharpe, A. W.; Dynes, J. F.; Yuan, Z. L.; Shields, A. J.; Penty, R. V.

    2014-01-13

    We report room temperature operation of telecom wavelength single-photon detectors for high bit rate quantum key distribution (QKD). Room temperature operation is achieved using InGaAs avalanche photodiodes integrated with electronics based on the self-differencing technique that increases avalanche discrimination sensitivity. Despite using room temperature detectors, we demonstrate QKD with record secure bit rates over a range of fiber lengths (e.g., 1.26 Mbit/s over 50?km). Furthermore, our results indicate that operating the detectors at room temperature increases the secure bit rate for short distances.

  7. PPPL physicists win Torkil Jensen Award to conduct key experiments on

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    DIII-D | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab win Torkil Jensen Award to conduct key experiments on DIII-D By John Greenwald December 21, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Egemen Kolemen and Luis Delgado-Aparicio at PPPL (Photo by Elle Starkman/Office of Communications) Egemen Kolemen and Luis Delgado-Aparicio at PPPL Physicists Luis Delgado-Aparicio and Egemen Kolemen of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have won a national scientific

  8. PPPL physicists win Torkil Jensen Award to conduct key experiments on

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    DIII-D | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab win Torkil Jensen Award to conduct key experiments on DIII-D By John Greenwald December 21, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Egemen Kolemen and Luis Delgado-Aparicio at PPPL (Photo by Elle Starkman/Office of Communications) Egemen Kolemen and Luis Delgado-Aparicio at PPPL Physicists Luis Delgado-Aparicio and Egemen Kolemen of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have won a national scientific

  9. DOE's Ed Synakowski traces key discoveries in the quest for fusion energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab DOE's Ed Synakowski traces key discoveries in the quest for fusion energy By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe March 9, 2016 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The DOE's Associate Director of Science for Fusion Energy Sciences Ed Synakowski discusses the "aha" moments in the development of fusion energy at a March 5 Ronald E. Hatcher Science on Saturday lecture. (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) The DOE's Associate Director of

  10. Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues M. W. Melaina, O. Antonia, and M. Penev Technical Report NREL/TP-5600-51995 March 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Blending Hydrogen

  11. Lanham, Maryland Harrisonburg, Virginia Fayetteville, New York

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    www.antaresgroupinc.com Lanham, Maryland Harrisonburg, Virginia Fayetteville, New York Lessons Learned, Progress, and Development Needs for Processing and Handling Herbaceous Biomass Presented By: Kevin Comer, Assoc. Principal kcomer@antaresgroupinc.com Phone: (540)227-8866 Biorefinery Optimization Workshop Chicago, IL; October 4, 2016 www.antaresgroupinc.com antaresgroupinc.com Presentation Overview * Company background (brief) * Background on lessons learned (to date) * Key challenges related

  12. Efficiency

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Efficiency of High Order Spectral Element Methods on Petascale Architectures Maxwell Hutchinson 1 , Alexander Heinecke 2 , Hans Pabst 3 , Greg Henry 4 , Matteo Parsani 5 , and David Keyes 5 1 Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago IL, USA 2 Intel Corporation, Santa Clara CA, USA 3 Intel Semiconductor AG, Zurich, Switzerland 4 Intel Corporation, Hillsboro OR, USA 5 Extreme Computing Research Center, KAUST, Thuwal, 23955, KSA Abstract. High order methods for the solution of PDEs

  13. Building America: Smarter Indoor Air Quality Solutions | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Building America: Smarter Indoor Air Quality Solutions Building America: Smarter Indoor Air Quality Solutions The Building America projects exemplify how added tightness with improved source control, dilution, and high efficiency filtration can have little or no energy penalty. This page provides a brief description of the teams, areas of focus, and key team members. Learn more about Building America's world-class research. Team Lead: Gas Technology Institute-Des Plaines, IL Team

  14. Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities

    SciTech Connect

    Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

    2009-12-01

    Grid parity--or break-even cost--for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that local incentives rather than ?technical? parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

  15. Breakeven Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities (Report Summary) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

    2009-12-01

    "Break-even cost" for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this presentation, we introduce an analysis of PV break-even costs for residential customers in the United States, including an evaluation of some of the key drivers of PV breakeven both regionally and over time. This presentation includes our methodology and presents results for both near-term residential breakeven costs(2009) and future market sensitivities of break-even costs (2015). See also the the report "Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities". Presentation for NREL/TP-6A2-45991.

  16. MCA Center of Excellence Through Benchmarking and INMM Involvement - Key Tools for Change

    SciTech Connect

    JAY, JEFFERY

    2005-10-07

    Nuclear Materials Management Department, a BWXT-corporate partner with Westinghouse Savannah River Company, has established a vision for positioning the organization as a Global Center of Excellence for Strategic Materials Management. NMM's Road to Excellence results from a changing business environment where flexibility and adaptability have become key demands from the Department of Energy customer. Flexibility and adaptability are integral components of the department's MC&A Center of Excellence philosophy in the pursuit of improvement technologies that meet domestic and international safeguards requirements. The customer challenge has put the organization in the forefront of change where benchmarking with other MC&A programs, applying human performance technologies and leveraging INMM leadership and participation opportunities are key ingredients to influencing improvements and changes in existing MC&A standards, policies and practices. The paper challenges MC&A professionals, MC&A program owners and organizational leaders to engage in the debate of new ideas, partnering arrangements and timely deployment of technologies (human performance and technical-based applications) to exponentially improve safeguards programs. Research and development efforts in support of safeguards improvements need to seriously consider deployment to field practitioners within a 2-3 year time frame from inception. INMM plays a crucial role in accelerating such opportunities and establishing improved performance standards above our normal governmental and organizational bureaucracies.

  17. Novel Authentication of Monitoring Data Through the use of Secret and Public Cryptographic Keys

    SciTech Connect

    Benz, Jacob M.; Tolk, Keith; Tanner, Jennifer E.

    2014-07-21

    The Office of Nuclear Verification (ONV) is supporting the development of a piece of equipment to provide data authentication and protection for a suite of monitoring sensors as part of a larger effort to create an arms control technology toolkit. This device, currently called the Red Box, leverages the strengths of both secret and public cryptographic keys to authenticate, digitally sign, and pass along monitoring data to allow for host review, and redaction if necessary, without the loss of confidence in the authenticity of the data by the monitoring party. The design of the Red Box will allow for the addition and removal of monitoring equipment and can also verify that the data was collected by authentic monitoring equipment prior to signing the data and sending it to the host and for review. The host will then forward the data to the monitor for review and inspection. This paper will highlight the progress to date of the Red Box development, and will explain the novel method of leveraging both symmetric and asymmetric (secret and public key) cryptography to authenticate data within a warhead monitoring regime.

  18. Key research issues in the pulsed fast-neutron analysis technique for cargo inspection

    SciTech Connect

    Micklich, B.J.; Fink, C.L.; Yule, T.J.

    1994-07-01

    Non-invasive inspection systems based on the use of fast neutrons are being studied for the inspection of large cargo containers. A key advantage of fast neutrons is their sensitivity to low-Z elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, which are the primary constituents of explosives and narcotics. The high energy allows penetration of relatively large containers. The pulsed fast-neutron analysis (PFNA) technique is currently the baseline system. A workshop on the PFNA technique involving industrial, government, and university participants was held at Argonne National Lab. in January 1994. The purpose of this workshop was to review the status of research on the key technical issues involved in PFNA, and to develop a list of those areas where additional modeling and/or experimentation were needed. The workshop also focused on development of a near-term experimental assessment program using existing prototypes and on development of a long-term test program at the Tacoma Testbed, where a PFNA prototype will be installed in 1995. A summary of conclusions reached at this workshop is presented. Results from analytic and Monte Carlo modeling of simplified PFNA systems are also presented.

  19. The importance of ion size and electrode curvature on electrical double layers in ionic liquids

    SciTech Connect

    Feng, G.; Qiao, R.; Huang, J; Dai, S.; Sumpter, B. G.; Meunier, V.

    2011-01-01

    Room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) are an emerging class of electrolytes for supercapacitors. We investigate the effects of ion size and electrode curvature on the electrical double layers (EDLs) in two ILs 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [BMIM][Cl] and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate [BMIM][PF{sub 6}], using a combination of molecular dynamics (MD) and quantum density functional theory (DFT) simulations. The sizes of the counter-ion and co-ion affect the ion distribution and orientational structure of EDLs. The EDL capacitances near both planar and cylindrical electrodes were found to follow the order: [BMIM][Cl] (near the positive electrode) > [BMIM][PF{sub 6}] (near the positive electrode) ? [BMIM][Cl] (near the negative electrode) ? [BMIM][PF{sub 6}] (near the negative electrode). The EDL capacitance was also found to increase as the electrode curvature increases. These capacitance data can be fit to the Helmholtz model and the recently proposed exohedral electrical double-cylinder capacitor (xEDCC) model when the EDL thickness is properly parameterized, even though key features of the EDLs in ILs are not accounted for in these models. To remedy the shortcomings of existing models, we propose a Multiple Ion Layers with Overscreening (MILO) model for the EDLs in ILs that takes into account two critical features of such EDLs, i.e., alternating layering of counter-ions and co-ions and charge overscreening. The capacitance computed from the MILO model agrees well with the MD prediction. Although some input parameters of the MILO model must be obtained from MD simulations, the MILO model may provide a new framework for understanding many important aspects of EDLs in ILs (e.g., the variation of EDL capacitance with the electrode potential) that are difficult to interpret using classical EDL models and experiments.

  20. The Importance of Ion Size and Electrode Curvature on Electrical Double Layers in Ionic Liquids

    SciTech Connect

    Feng, Guang; Qiao, Rui; Huang, Jingsong; Dai, Sheng; Sumpter, Bobby G; Meunier, Vincent

    2010-01-01

    Room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) are an emerging class of electrolytes for supercapacitors. We investigate the effects of ion size and electrode curvature on the electrical double layers (EDLs) in two ILs 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [BMIM][Cl] and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate [BMIM][PF(6)], using a combination of molecular dynamics (MD) and quantum density functional theory (DFT) simulations. The sizes of the counter-ion and co-ion affect the ion distribution and orientational structure of EDLs. The EDL capacitances near both planar and cylindrical electrodes were found to follow the order: [BMIM][Cl] (near the positive electrode) > [BMIM][PF(6)] (near the positive electrode) {approx} [BMIM][Cl] (near the negative electrode) {approx} [BMIM][PF(6)] (near the negative electrode). The EDL capacitance was also found to increase as the electrode curvature increases. These capacitance data can be fit to the Helmholtz model and the recently proposed exohedral electrical double-cylinder capacitor (xEDCC) model when the EDL thickness is properly parameterized, even though key features of the EDLs in ILs are not accounted for in these models. To remedy the shortcomings of existing models, we propose a 'Multiple Ion Layers with Overscreening' (MILO) model for the EDLs in ILs that takes into account two critical features of such EDLs, i.e., alternating layering of counter-ions and co-ions and charge overscreening. The capacitance computed from the MILO model agrees well with the MD prediction. Although some input parameters of the MILO model must be obtained from MD simulations, the MILO model may provide a new framework for understanding many important aspects of EDLs in ILs (e.g., the variation of EDL capacitance with the electrode potential) that are difficult to interpret using classical EDL models and experiments.