National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for horsepower conventional cars

  1. Relating horsepower to drilling productivity

    SciTech Connect

    Givens, R.; Williams, G.; Wingfield, B.

    1996-12-31

    Many technological advancements have been made in explosive products and applications over the last 15 years resulting in productivity and cost gains. However, the application of total energy (engine horsepower) in the majority of rotary drilling technology, has remained virtually unchanged over that period. While advancements have been made in components, efficiency, and types of hydraulic systems used on drills, the application of current hydraulic technology to improve drilling productivity has not been interactive with end users. This paper will investigate how traditional design assumptions, regarding typical application of horsepower in current rotary drill systems, can actually limit productivity. It will be demonstrated by numeric analysis how changing the partitioning of available hydraulic energy can optimize rotary drill productivity in certain conditions. Through cooperative design ventures with drill manufacturers, increased penetration rates ranging from 20% to 100% have been achieved. Productivity was increased initially on some rigs by careful selection of optional hydraulic equipment. Additional gains were made in drilling rates by designing the rotary hydraulic circuit to meet the drilling energies predicted by computer modeling.

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Schools Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative

  3. Solar Car

    SciTech Connect

    2010-01-01

    Des Moines Central Academy Middle School students compete in the Solar Car Challenge at the National Science Bowl, May 2 in Washington D.C.

  4. Fact #880: July 6, 2015 Conventional Vehicle Energy Use: Where...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Not all of the fuel that is put into a car's fuel tank is used to move the car down the road. In fact, only 14-30% of the energy put into a conventional car is used for that ...

  5. EV Everywhere: Electric Car Safety, Maintenance, and Battery Life |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Electric Vehicle Basics » EV Everywhere: Electric Car Safety, Maintenance, and Battery Life EV Everywhere: Electric Car Safety, Maintenance, and Battery Life EV Everywhere: Electric Car Safety, Maintenance, and Battery Life Plug-in electric vehicles (also known as electric cars or EVs) are as safe and easy to maintain as conventional vehicles. While driving conditions and habits will impact vehicle operation and vehicle range, some best practices can help you maximize

  6. World's First Printed Car

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, Jay

    2015-06-03

    Local Motors partnered with ORNL to print the world’s first 3D-printed car (Strati) at the 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

  7. AFN Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples.

  8. Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Case Study Summaries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries AgencyCompany Organization: United...

  9. Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide |...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Good Practice Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide AgencyCompany Organization: United...

  10. car | OpenEI Community

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Submitted by Dc(266) Contributor 19 February, 2015 - 15:08 2016 Toyota Mirai Fuel Cell Car First Drive - HybridCars.com Review 2016 car fuel cell hybrid mirai toyota vehicle...

  11. Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    20 middle school teams compete for the regional title of fastest car in the Argonne Electric Car Competition. Cars are judged on speed by competing in multiple heats with the...

  12. Carly Wilkins | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    in the Office of Public Affairs. Before joining the energy.gov team, Carly worked as Brand Manager and designer at an international development consulting firm. Carly graduated...

  13. Carly Wilkins | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Carly Wilkins About Us Carly Wilkins - Multimedia Designer IMG_4228-cc.jpg Carly Wilkins is the Multimedia Designer in the Office of Public Affairs. Before joining the energy.gov team, Carly worked as Brand Manager and designer at an international development consulting firm. Carly graduated from University of Maryland, Baltimore County with her BA in Visual Arts. When Carly isn't in the office creating infographics, she can often be found at her tiny house in Arlington practicing yoga while her

  14. Hydrogen Car Co | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Car Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hydrogen Car Co Place: Los Angeles, California Zip: 90036 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: The Hydrogen Car Company produces hydrogen...

  15. Fact #880: July 6, 2015 Conventional Vehicle Energy Use: Where Does the Energy Go?

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Not all of the fuel that is put into a car's fuel tank is used to move the car down the road. In fact, only 14-30% of the energy put into a conventional car is used for that purpose. The rest of...

  16. Flying Cars | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Current Science Create a Flying Car for Daily Use? Click to email this to a friend (Opens ... Can Current Science Create a Flying Car for Daily Use? 2012.11.29 Chief Scientist Jim Bray ...

  17. Design and development of Stirling engines for stationary power generation applications in the 500 to 3000 horsepower range. Volume 1. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available,

    1980-09-15

    This project was Phase I of a multiphased program for the design and development of Stirling engines for stationary power generation applications in the 500 to 3000 horsepower range. Phase I comprised the conceptual design and associated cost estimates of a stationary Stirling engine capable of being fueled by a variety of heat sources, with emphasis on coal firing, followed by the preparation of a plan for implementing the design, fabrication and testing of a demonstration engine by 1985. The development and evaluation of conceptual designs have been separated into two broad categories: the A designs which represent the present state-of-the-art and which are demonstrable by 1985 with minimum technical risk; and the B designs which involve advanced technology and therefore would require significant research and development prior to demonstration and commercialization, but which may ultimately offer advantages in terms of lower cost, better performance, or higher reliability. The majority of the effort in Phase I was devoted to the A designs.

  18. EV Everywhere: Maximizing Electric Cars' Range in Extreme Temperatures

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    As with conventional vehicles, the efficiency and all-electric driving range of plug-in electric vehicles (also known as electric cars or EVs) varies substantially based on driving conditions and habits. Using the economy mode, avoiding hard braking, using accessories wisely, and observing the speed limit will help EV drivers maximize their all-electric range.

  19. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Note: The survey did not include any hybrid or plug-in electric light trucks. For consistency, the conventional car classification does not include pickups, vans, or sport-utility ...

  20. CalCars | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    CalCars Place: Palo Alto, California Zip: 94306 Sector: Vehicles Product: The California Cars Initiative (CalCars.org) is a Palo Alto-based nonprofit startup of entrepreneurs,...

  1. DEP Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of physics preventing them."- Michio Kaku, Theoretical Physicist Each year 20 middle school teams compete for the regional title of fastest car in the Argonne Electric Car...

  2. Wheego Electric Cars | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wheego Electric Cars Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wheego Electric Cars Place: Atlanta, Georgia Zip: 30318 Sector: Vehicles Product: Atlanta-based Wheego has designed compact...

  3. European Green Cars Initiative | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Commission Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Best Practices Website: www.green-cars-initiative.eupublic The European Green Cars...

  4. Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Car Charging Group, Inc. Place: Miami Beach, Florida Product: Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge equipment. References: Car Charging Group,...

  5. Commuter Cars Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    99202 Product: Commuter Cars Corporation makes the Tango 4-wheel full-highway-speed Battery Electric Vehicle. References: Commuter Cars Corporation1 This article is a stub....

  6. FUEL CELLS Fuel Cell Cars

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CELLS Fuel Cell Cars Power, performance, and pollution - free Only water from tailpipe More efficient than traditional combustion Only water and heat as byproducts Produce electricity without any combustion Scale up easily to meet many power needs Hydrogen in. Electricity, Heat and Water Out. Share the knowledge #FuelCellsNow #HydrogenNow Learn more: energy.gov/eere/fuelcells Most abundant element in universe Fuel Cell Cars Power, performance, and pollution - free Only water from tailpipe Fuel

  7. Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Teacher Programs Classroom Resources Undergraduates Graduates Faculty Partners News & Events About Us Staff Directory About Us Staff Directory Argonne National Laboratory Educational Programs Developing the Next Generation of Scientists & Engineers Home Learning Center Undergraduates Graduates Faculty Partners News & Events Learning Center Community Outreach Learning Experiences School Competitions Middle School Science Bowl Middle School Electric Car Competition High School Rube

  8. EcoCAR the Next Generation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... of EcoCAR 2 Bring state of the art Finite Element Analysis and Computational Fluid Dynamics capabilities to EcoCAR Perform research and simulations for upstream environmental ...

  9. Nice Car Company | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: Nice Car Company Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: W10 5AH Product: UK electric car producer. Coordinates: 51.506325, -0.127144 Show Map Loading map......

  10. Car-free Development | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Car-free Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Car-free Development AgencyCompany Organization: GIZ ComplexityEase of Use: Not Available...

  11. 2014 Annual AFN Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The AFN Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples. In addition to the memorable keynote speeches, the expert panels and special reports, the Convention features several evenings of cultural performances known as Quyana Alaska.

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work?

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Cars Work? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars

  13. Siamig Sinda car | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Siamig Sinda car Jump to: navigation, search Name: Siamig-Sindacar Place: Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Sugar industry union active in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais....

  14. 2016 Toyota Mirai Fuel Cell Car First Drive - HybridCars.com...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2016 Toyota Mirai Fuel Cell Car First Drive - HybridCars.com Review Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(266) Contributor 19 February, 2015 - 15:08...

  15. NCAI Annual Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is hosting their annual convention featuring networking events, breakout sessions on resiliency and workforce development, and guest speakers. Pre-registration ends September 18.

  16. carly_robinson.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information carly_robinson

  17. Car.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Car.png

  18. Coal cars - the first three hundred years

    SciTech Connect

    Martin Robert Karig III

    2007-12-15

    This is the comprehensive study of the freight cars that conveyed coal across broad swaths of land that had been impassible before the invention of the steam engine. This volume traces the history and evolution of coal cars from their earliest use in England to the construction of major railways for the purpose of coal hauling and the end of the steam era on American railroads. In addition to contextualizing coal cars in the annals of industrial history, the book features extensive design specifications and drawings as well as a complete history of the various safety and mechanical innovations employed on these freight cars. It concludes with a photographic essay illustrating the development of the coal car over its first 300 years of use. 608 photos.

  19. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation (Text Version) |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation (Text Version) Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation (Text Version) Below is the text version of the video Printing a Car: A Team ...

  20. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    9: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014 Fact 849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better ...

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work?

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Gasoline Cars Work? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline Cars Work? on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Gasoline

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida on Digg Find More places to

  3. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel ...

  4. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel ...

  5. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in support of the FreedomCAR and Fuel ...

  6. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel ...

  7. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments The Non-Petroleum Based Fuel ...

  8. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in support of the FreedomCAR and Fuel ...

  9. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments ...

  10. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: ...

  11. Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

  12. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    More Documents & Publications Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, ...

  13. The Lightning Car Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lightning Car Company Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Vehicles Product: The Lightning Car Company develops and markets high end electric vehicles. The Lightning GT was...

  14. EV Everywhere: Maximizing Electric Cars' Range in Extreme Temperatures...

    Energy Saver

    Electric Vehicle Basics EV Everywhere: Maximizing Electric Cars' Range in Extreme Temperatures EV Everywhere: Maximizing Electric Cars' Range in Extreme Temperatures The ...

  15. North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars September 10, 2010 - ... The Parks and Recreation Department of North Lauderdale, Fla., is saving money and ...

  16. EcoCar Students Spread the Word

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    An overview of the creative and engaging ways that teams participating in the EcoCar competition have worked to convey the benefits of advanced technology vehicles to policy makers and students across the U.S. and Canada.

  17. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle...

  18. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at...

  19. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    SciTech Connect

    Gantt, Lynn

    2011-01-01

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

  20. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    ScienceCinema

    Gantt, Lynn

    2016-07-12

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

  1. Conventional Hydropower Technologies (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-07-01

    This fact sheet describes the DOE Water Power Program's conventional hydropower research and development efforts.

  2. Conventional magnetic superconductors

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Wolowiec, C. T.; White, B. D.; Maple, M. B.

    2015-07-01

    We discuss several classes of conventional magnetic superconductors including the ternary rhodium borides and molybdenum chalcogenides (or Chevrel phases), and the quaternary nickel-borocarbides. These materials exhibit some exotic phenomena related to the interplay between superconductivity and long-range magnetic order including: the coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetic order; reentrant and double reentrant superconductivity, magnetic field induced superconductivity, and the formation of a sinusoidally-modulated magnetic state that coexists with superconductivity. We introduce the article with a discussion of the binary and pseudobinary superconducting materials containing magnetic impurities which at best exhibit short-range “glassy” magnetic order. Early experiments on these materials led tomore » the idea of a magnetic exchange interaction between the localized spins of magnetic impurity ions and the spins of the conduction electrons which plays an important role in understanding conventional magnetic superconductors. Furthermore, these advances provide a natural foundation for investigating unconventional superconductivity in heavy-fermion compounds, cuprates, and other classes of materials in which superconductivity coexists with, or is in proximity to, a magnetically-ordered phase.« less

  3. Conventional magnetic superconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Wolowiec, C. T.; White, B. D.; Maple, M. B.

    2015-07-01

    We discuss several classes of conventional magnetic superconductors including the ternary rhodium borides and molybdenum chalcogenides (or Chevrel phases), and the quaternary nickel-borocarbides. These materials exhibit some exotic phenomena related to the interplay between superconductivity and long-range magnetic order including: the coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetic order; reentrant and double reentrant superconductivity, magnetic field induced superconductivity, and the formation of a sinusoidally-modulated magnetic state that coexists with superconductivity. We introduce the article with a discussion of the binary and pseudobinary superconducting materials containing magnetic impurities which at best exhibit short-range “glassy” magnetic order. Early experiments on these materials led to the idea of a magnetic exchange interaction between the localized spins of magnetic impurity ions and the spins of the conduction electrons which plays an important role in understanding conventional magnetic superconductors. Furthermore, these advances provide a natural foundation for investigating unconventional superconductivity in heavy-fermion compounds, cuprates, and other classes of materials in which superconductivity coexists with, or is in proximity to, a magnetically-ordered phase.

  4. ChemMatCARS Data Archive

    DOE Data Explorer

    ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Natural Gas Cars Work?

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Natural Gas Cars Work? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Natural Gas Cars Work? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Natural ...

  6. Fact #695: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The number of new car dealerships has declined by nearly 25% from 1991 to 2011. The largest decline in this period was for dealerships that sold 150-399 new cars annually. The smallest dealerships,...

  7. Checking Your Car's 4000 Welds is Serious Business. Scientists...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Pat Adams Pat Adams Digital Content Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The average car ... 3D-printed Shelby Cobra, the iconic sports car built from a plastic reinforced by carbon ...

  8. What To Do If Your Car Catches on Fire

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    to Do If Your Car Catches on Fire A fire in one's car or other motor vehicle is a frightening situation which can quickly involve great personal danger to vehicle occupants and ...

  9. Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in...

  10. Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in ...

  11. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace063_smith_2012_o.pdf (1.91 MB) More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car PHEV Engine and Aftertreatment Model Development

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cleveland Car Dealership Working Toward a

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    More Sustainable Future Cleveland Car Dealership Working Toward a More Sustainable Future to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cleveland Car Dealership Working Toward a More Sustainable Future on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cleveland Car Dealership Working Toward a More Sustainable Future on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cleveland Car Dealership Working Toward a More Sustainable Future on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data

  13. FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report highlighting specific accomplishments that the FreedomCAR Partners recognize as significant milestones or breakthroughs achieved in 2003. 2003_fcfp_accomplishments_rpt.pdf (1.54 MB) More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of

  14. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Accomplishments | Department of Energy 4 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2004. 2004_fcfp_accomplishments_rpt.pdf (3.42 MB) More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments

  15. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Accomplishments | Department of Energy 5 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2005. 2005_fcfp_accomplishments_rpt.pdf (2.3 MB) More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical

  16. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Accomplishments | Department of Energy 6 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2006. 2006_fcfp_accomplishments_rpt.pdf (5.3 MB) More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010

  17. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Accomplishments | Department of Energy 7 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2007. 2007_fcfp_accomplishments_rpt.pdf (1.99 MB) More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006

  18. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Accomplishments | Department of Energy 9 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in support of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership in 2009. 2009_fcfp_accomplishments_rpt.pdf (4.91 MB) More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical

  19. Explanations of FreedomCAR/DOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Summary of FreedomCAR Targets and Basis for Targets prepared for the Grand Challenge Hydrogen Storage Solicitation.

  20. Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013 Fact 827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013 In 1970, about 15% of all ...

  1. NCAI Annual Convention and Marketplace

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is hosting their annual convention featuring networking events, breakout sessions on resiliency and workforce development, and guest speakers. Pre...

  2. Conventional Hydropower Technologies (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2010-07-01

    The US Department of Energy conducts research on conventional hydropower technologies to increase generation and improve existing means of generating hydroelectricity.

  3. Tanana Chiefs Conference Annual Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Tanana Chiefs Conference is hosting its annual convention's theme is "Our Communities, Our Future" and will feature keynote speaker Chief Floyd Green of Rampart.

  4. Tanana Chiefs Conference Annual Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Tanana Chiefs Conference is holding its annual convention to discuss issues in the region, hold elections, and adopt resolutions presented by Tribes.

  5. Magna E-Car Opening | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Magna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening April 27, 2012 - 4:40pm Addthis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Patrick B. Davis gets ready to cut the ribbon at Magna E-Car's new electric drive component plant in Michigan. From left: Mike Finney - CEO, Michigan Economic Development Corporation; Gary Meyers - VP/General Manager, Magna E-Car USA, LP; Pat Davis; Kevin Pavlov - Chief Operating Officer, Magna E-Car Systems; Marilyn Hoffman, Township Supervisor, Grand Blanc Township, Michigan; Joseph

  6. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

  7. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    SciTech Connect

    2011-01-01

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

  8. ITCN 49th Annual Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada, Inc. will be hosting its 49th Annual Convention, themed "Making a Difference for Nevada Tribes," December 8-11, 2014 at John Ascuaga’s Nugget in Sparks, Nevada.

  9. What future car MPG levels and technology will be necessary?

    SciTech Connect

    Patterson, P.; Steiner, E.; Singh, M.

    2002-03-04

    The potential peaking of world conventional oil production and the possible imperative to reduce carbon emissions will put great pressure on vehicle manufacturers to produce more efficient vehicles, on vehicle buyers to seek them out in the marketplace, and on energy suppliers to develop new fuels and delivery systems. Four cases for stabilizing or reducing light vehicle fuel use, oil use, and/or carbon emissions over the next 50 years are presented. Case 1--Improve mpg so that the fuel use in 2020 is stabilized for the next 30 years. Case 2--Improve mpg so that by 2030 the fuel use is reduced to the 2000 level and is reduced further in subsequent years. Case 3--Case 1 plus 50% ethanol use and 50% low-carbon fuel cell vehicles by 2050. Case 4--Case 2 plus 50% ethanol use and 50% low-carbon fuel cell vehicles by 2050. The mpg targets for new cars and light trucks require that significant advances be made in developing cost-effective and very efficient vehicle technologies. With the use of alternative fuels that are low in carbon, oil use and carbon emissions can be reduced even further.

  10. Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars Applied Engineering

    SciTech Connect

    LBNL

    2008-07-02

    June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated ... June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

  11. Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars Applied Engineering

    ScienceCinema

    LBNL

    2016-07-12

    June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated ... June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

  12. Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cars of Tomorrow and the American Community High School Curriculum Created by Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) Click on the links below to take you to the Chapter heading: Cover Page and Orientation Availability and Distribution of Alternative Fuels Health, Pollution, and Safety Operation, Maintenance, and Refueling Fuel Fact Sheets H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002

  13. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014- Dataset

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

  14. Sandia Energy - Conventional Water Power: Technology Development

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Technology Development Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Water Power Conventional Water Power: Technology Development Conventional Water Power: Technology...

  15. Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best Practices in Indian Country Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best ...

  16. Texaco cranks up new tank cars and TOPS program in concerted LPG push

    SciTech Connect

    Prowler, S.

    1990-08-01

    Texaco has embarked upon two major, yet distinct, projects that should have a significant impact on propane shipping, supply, pricing, and contractual relationships. The first program involves Texaco's expanded tank car leasing arrangements that should broaden the company's railroad transportation capability. The second program, which was unveiled at the NPGA Convention in Nashville, is known as TOPS (Texaco Optimum Propane supply). It is designed to solidify contractual relationships while providing reassurance against a repetition of last winter's supply/price crunch. In this article, both programs are explored.

  17. 3D Printed Car at the International Manufacturing Technology Show |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 3D Printed Car at the International Manufacturing Technology Show 3D Printed Car at the International Manufacturing Technology Show Addthis WORLD'S FIRST 1 of 6 WORLD'S FIRST The world's first 3D-printed car on display at the International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago last week. Arizona-based Local Motors, and Cincinnati Incorporated teamed with Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility-with funding support from the Energy

  18. Ortho-aminoazotoluene activates mouse constitutive androstane receptor (mCAR) and increases expression of mCAR target genes

    SciTech Connect

    Smetanina, Mariya A.; Pakharukova, Mariya Y.; Kurinna, Svitlana M.; Dong, Bingning; Hernandez, Juan P.; Moore, David D.; Merkulova, Tatyana I.

    2011-08-15

    2'-3-dimethyl-4-aminoazobenzene (ortho-aminoazotoluene, OAT) is an azo dye and a rodent carcinogen that has been evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a possible (class 2B) human carcinogen. Its mechanism of action remains unclear. We examined the role of the xenobiotic receptor Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR, NR1I3) as a mediator of the effects of OAT. We found that OAT increases mouse CAR (mCAR) transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. This effect is specific because another closely related azo dye, 3'-methyl-4-dimethyl-aminoazobenzene (3'MeDAB), did not activate mCAR. Real-time Q-PCR analysis in wild-type C57BL/6 mice revealed that OAT induces the hepatic mRNA expression of the following CAR target genes: Cyp2b10, Cyp2c29, Cyp3a11, Ugt1a1, Mrp4, Mrp2 and c-Myc. CAR-null (Car{sup -/-}) mice showed no increased expression of these genes following OAT treatment, demonstrating that CAR is required for their OAT dependent induction. The OAT-induced CAR-dependent increase of Cyp2b10 and c-Myc expression was confirmed by Western blotting. Immunohistochemistry analysis of wild-type and Car{sup -/-} livers showed that OAT did not acutely induce hepatocyte proliferation, but at much later time points showed an unexpected CAR-dependent proliferative response. These studies demonstrate that mCAR is an OAT xenosensor, and indicate that at least some of the biological effects of this compound are mediated by this nuclear receptor. - Highlights: > The azo dye and mouse carcinogen OAT is a very effective mCAR activator. > OAT increases mCAR transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. > OAT CAR-dependently increases the expression of a specific subset of CAR target genes. > OAT induces an unexpectedly deferred, but CAR-dependent hepatocyte proliferation.

  19. FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report highlighting specific accomplishments that the ...

  20. Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    How participating in the EcoCAR competition convinced one student to switch career paths and put her talents toward designing advanced vehicles.

  1. Hybrid fs/ps Rotational CARS Temperature and Concentration Measurement...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Hybrid fsps Rotational CARS Temperature and Concentration Measurements Using Two Different ps-Duration Probe Beams. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Hybrid fsps ...

  2. DOE FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Power...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Power Electronics and Electrical ... Of Advanced Power Electronics and Electrical Machines May 3-5, 2005: Attendees, RSVP ...

  3. Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook:...

  4. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    2 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review ... Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. Electric ...

  5. #AskBerkeleyLab: Batteries for Electric Cars

    SciTech Connect

    Srinivasan, Venkat

    2015-02-27

    Berkeley Lab Battery Scientist, Venkat Srinivasan, answers a question about batteries for electric cars, highlighting the lab's research into reducing costs and improving environmental impact.

  6. Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Winner of the "FutureCar Challenge

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Winner of the "FutureCar Challenge," to Recharge at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, One of Only Three Stops Between Sacramento, Calif. and ...

  7. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership: Analysis Workshop ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership: Analysis Workshop Presentation by Mark Paster for Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop. PDF icon wkshpstoragepaster....

  8. CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool Focus Area: Geothermal Power Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.netl.doe.gov...

  9. Conventional Vehicles | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Water Heating » Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:39pm Addthis Illustration showing the components of a storage water heater. On top of the tank are two thin pipes; one pipe is the hot water outlet, and the other is the cold water inlet. A large pipe in the middle is called a vent pipe. A pressure/temperature relief valve is also on top of the tank and is connected to an open pipe that runs down the side of the tank. Another

  10. Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs. 2006deerbunting.pdf (405.64 ...

  11. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    in 1990 to one-third of the production in 2014 (counting both car SUVs and truck SUVs). ... Graph showing shares of light vehicle production by type (Car, Car SUV, Truck SUV, Van, ...

  12. EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic...

    Energy Saver

    up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic American Muscle Car EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic American Muscle Car May 7, 2014 - 5:03pm Addthis Energy Secretary ...

  13. Thinking About Buying a Car this Summer? Read This First! | Department...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Amy Foster Parish Chances are that if you've seen a car commercial in the last few weeks then you've heard about the Car Allowance Rebate System (CARS) Program. I know those ...

  14. Fact #557: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    7: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by State Fact 557: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by State From 2007 to 2008 the total number of new car ...

  15. Fact #575: June 15, 2009 Diesel Car Sales in Europe Still Over...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Western Europe Diesel Car Market Share, 1999-2008 Graph showing the Western Europe (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, Switzerland, and United Kingdom) Diesel Car ...

  16. Fact #719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuousl...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    9: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable Transmissions Fact 719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable ...

  17. Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Science ... Middle School Electric Car Competition Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Final ...

  18. A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control Technologies A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control ...

  19. Sandia Energy - Conventional Water Power: Market Acceleration

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Market Acceleration Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Water Power Conventional Water Power: Market Acceleration Conventional Water Power: Market AccelerationTara...

  20. Further improvement of conventional diesel NOx aftertreatment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Further improvement of conventional diesel NOx aftertreatment concepts as pathway for SULEV Further improvement of conventional diesel NOx aftertreatment concepts as pathway for ...

  1. Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition June 17, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Thursday evening a team of students from Virginia Tech University learned they received top honors when they were named the overall winners of EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge after designing and building an extended-range electric vehicle (EREV) using E85 (ethanol). Virginia Tech competed against 15 other universities to take home the top prize of the three-year

  2. European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs.

  3. European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs. ...

  4. Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The median age of cars continues to grow in 2008 while the median age of light trucks has remained fairly constant over the last ten years. The average age for all trucks, which includes heavy...

  5. Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at Kentucky Speedway (NASA)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

  6. Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Forty-four teams entered the middle school Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car Competition, and two teams distinguished themselves, one for speed and the other for design.

  7. Ask a scientist: Ethanol & car performance | Argonne National...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ask a scientist: Ethanol & car performance September 13, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint Does ethanol extend or decrease your gas mileage? -Tommy Holly, via Facebook JEHLIK: In a one-to-one ...

  8. EcoCAR 3 Pushes the Vehicle Efficiency Envelope

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Department of Energy is partnering with Argonne National Laboratory and General Motors to support the EcoCAR 3 collegiate competition to design, build and optimize eco-friendly powertrains for vehicles.

  9. Panhandle Junior High takes second at National Science Bowl Car...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    A team of five competitors from Panhandle Junior High School capped off an eventful visit last week to the nation's capital with a second-place finish in the electric car race ...

  10. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Oak Ridge National Lab's work with Local Motors to build a 3D-printed car was highlighted at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September 2014 with a live demonstration.

  11. Students to Race Solar-Powered Model Cars

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    For more information contact: Sarah Holmes Barba, 303-275-3023 or 303-588-3048 (cell) ... The cars, designed to tap into energy from the sun, are powered only by solar electricity. ...

  12. Students to Race Solar-Powered Model Cars

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Colorado on Saturday will race model solar cars designed to tap into energy from the sun. ... Each team starts with a motor and a silicon solar cell, which converts light into ...

  13. NREL: Transportation Research - How Much Do Electric Cars Pollute...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    How Much Do Electric Cars Pollute? Depends on When and Where You Plug In Picture of charging stations in parking garage. A new study suggests reducing fossil fuel use in the ...

  14. NREL: Transportation Research - Driverless Cars and Fuel Efficiency

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Spotlighted in Scientific American Driverless Cars and Fuel Efficiency Spotlighted in Scientific American January 25, 2016 The potential to slow pollution through deployment of automated vehicles is gaining more and more traction in the news. In a recent Scientific American article, reporter Camille von Kaenel asked NREL's Jeff Gonder for a transportation researcher's thoughts on both the sustainability benefits and uncertainties that will accompany an increase in driverless cars. "The

  15. Greeley's Maplewood Middle School Stellar in Solar Car Race

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Greeley's Maplewood Middle School Stellar in Solar Car Race For more information contact: Sarah Holmes Barba, 303-275-3023 email: Sarah Barba Golden, Colo., May. 12, 2001 - Students from Greeley's Maplewood Middle School built the fastest model solar car and won the Junior Solar Sprint at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) today. A team from Lyons Middle School won top honors for design. Thirty-seven teams from across Colorado entered the 20-meter race,

  16. Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline media of any non-precious metal catalyst developed to date. June 4, 2013 A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells.

  17. Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline media of any non-precious metal catalyst developed to date. June 4, 2013 A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells.

  18. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy 1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace063_smith_2011_o.pdf (1.81 MB) More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Cummins-ORNL\FEERC Emissions CRADA: NOx Control & Measurement Technology for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines, Self-Diagnosing

  19. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy 3 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace063_smith_2013_o.pdf (1.19 MB) More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Lean Miller Cycle System Development for Light-Duty Vehicles

  20. Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing a Model Car

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing Your Lithium- Ion Battery Powered Car CONTENTS:  Teacher Overview  What Teachers Can Do To Help  Student Design Plan  Brainstorming  Materials  Chassis Design  Transmission  Gear Ratio  Wheels and Bearings  Battery  Testing  Trouble Shooting TEACHER OVERVIEW  The Lithium-ion battery powered car competition is designed to be an engineering challenge for middle school students.  Students will be exploring the

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office: Lightweight Materials for Cars and Trucks |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Fuel Efficiency & Emissions » Vehicle Technologies Office: Lightweight Materials for Cars and Trucks Vehicle Technologies Office: Lightweight Materials for Cars and Trucks PBS's Motorweek highlights the research and development on lightweight materials supported by the Vehicle Technologies Office at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Read the text version. Advanced materials are essential for boosting the fuel economy of modern automobiles while maintaining safety and

  2. Conventional power sources for colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, M.A.

    1987-07-01

    At SLAC we are developing high peak-power klystrons to explore the limits of use of conventional power sources in future linear colliders. In an experimental tube we have achieved 150 MW at 1 ..mu..sec pulse width at 2856 MHz. In production tubes for SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) we routinely achieve 67 MW at 3.5 ..mu..sec pulse width and 180 pps. Over 200 of the klystrons are in routine operation in SLC. An experimental klystron at 8.568 GHz is presently under construction with a design objective of 30 MW at 1 ..mu..sec. A program is starting on the relativistic klystron whose performance will be analyzed in the exploration of the limits of klystrons at very short pulse widths.

  3. The case for the iCar: Why an Apple car isn't crazy > EMC2 News...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    was ever a time for someone to make a car, it's absolutely now." Big advancements in big data One reason that self-driving technology is suddenly heading mainstream is that one of ...

  4. Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Phenomenon | Department of Energy 7: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon Car-sharing programs are not new to the United States, but have grown significantly over the last five years in an effort to provide an alternative to car ownership. Typically, car-sharing programs have membership requirements and hourly rates, unlike the rental-car business. Car-sharing programs may have a

  5. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due to the rising...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Flexible Fuel Cars Work Using

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Ethanol? Flexible Fuel Cars Work Using Ethanol? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Flexible Fuel Cars Work Using Ethanol? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Flexible Fuel Cars Work Using Ethanol? on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Flexible Fuel Cars Work Using Ethanol? on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Flexible Fuel Cars Work Using Ethanol? on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center:

  7. Manufacture of Alumina-Forming Austenitic Steel Alloys by Conventional Casting and Hot-Working Methods

    SciTech Connect

    Brady, M.P.; Yamamoto, Y.; Magee, J.H.

    2009-03-10

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Carpenter Technology Corporation (CarTech) participated in an in-kind cost share cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) effort under the auspices of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Technology Maturation Program to explore the feasibility for scale up of developmental ORNL alumina-forming austenitic (AFA) stainless steels by conventional casting and rolling techniques. CarTech successfully vacuum melted 301b heats of four AFA alloy compositions in the range of Fe-(20-25)Ni-(12-14)Cr-(3-4)Al-(l-2.5)Nb wt.% base. Conventional hot/cold rolling was used to produce 0.5-inch thick plate and 0.1-inch thick sheet product. ORNL subsequently successfully rolled the 0.1-inch sheet to 4 mil thick foil. Long-term oxidation studies of the plate form material were initiated at 650, 700, and 800 C in air with 10 volume percent water vapor. Preliminary results indicated that the alloys exhibit comparable (good) oxidation resistance to ORNL laboratory scale AFA alloy arc casting previously evaluated. The sheet and foil material will be used in ongoing evaluation efforts for oxidation and creep resistance under related CRADAs with two gas turbine engine manufacturers. This work will be directed to evaluation of AFA alloys for use in gas turbine recuperators to permit higher-temperature operating conditions for improved efficiencies and reduced environmental emissions. AFA alloy properties to date have been obtained from small laboratory scale arc-castings made at ORNL. The goal of the ORNL-CarTech CRADA was to establish the viability for producing plate, sheet and foil of the AFA alloys by conventional casting and hot working approaches as a first step towards scale up and commercialization of the AFA alloys. The AFA alloy produced under this effort will then be evaluated in related CRADAs with two gas turbine engine manufacturers for gas turbine recuperator applications.

  8. An experimental study on a model Stirling engine car

    SciTech Connect

    Sohma, Yutaka; Wu, Chungming; Isshiki, Seita; Ushiyama, Izumi

    1999-07-01

    A Stirling engine is a mechanical device that operates on a closed regenerative thermodynamic cycle, with cyclic compression and expansion of the working fluid at different temperature levels. The flow is controlled by volume changes, and there exists a net conversion of the heat to work. Stirling engines are ideally suited to off-grid electric power generation because of their multi-fuel capability, potentially high efficiency and low noise. The first model Stirling Techno-rally was held in August 1997 for further promotion of the clean and quiet Stirling engine as one of the Centennial Anniversary events of JSME. In the race, more than one hundred cars competed for the time on a course of 13 meters length and 30 centimeters width. In Ashikaga Institute of Technology, a model Stirling engine car Ashikaga Gekkoh was made for this event. In this paper the authors report on this model car that won the championship of the Stirling Techno-rally.

  9. Timeline: A Path to Lightweight Materials in Cars and Trucks

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although cars have been around for more than a century, the material making them up has mostly stayed the same–steel. It’s only been the last 25 years or so that advanced materials, ranging from aluminum and magnesium alloys to carbon fiber composites, have made their way into mass produced passenger cars. These lightweight materials can cut a vehicle’s body and chassis weight in half—helping to increase fuel economy as well as the overall range of hybrids, plug-ins and all-electric cars. A majority of the statistics referenced in this story come from "Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow: The Evolution of Technology for Materials Processing over the Last 50 Years: The Automotive Example" published in the Journal of Metals, 31 (4):48-57.

  10. Development of turbocharger for improving passenger car acceleration

    SciTech Connect

    Watanabe, Tsuyoshi; Koike, Takaaki; Furukawa, Hiromu; Ikeya, Nobuyuki; Sakakida, Masaru

    1996-09-01

    Recently, passenger cars require better acceleration from low engine speed including starting-up in order to decrease the amount of particulate matter (PM) of diesel engines or to improve the driver`s feeling. However, turbocharged cars generally have worse response than the non turbo cars because it takes a few seconds to get the turbocharger rotate up to high speed, usually called Turbo-lag. In order to solve this, various technologies have been developed for a turbocharger itself as well as for charging system such as the sequential system. Here in this paper, the authors focus on the development of the following turbocharger technology to reduce Turbo-lag and to achieve better transient response.

  11. Greeley's Maplewood Middle School Stellar in Solar Car Race

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Greeley's Maplewood Middle School Stellar in Solar Car Race Media may contact: George Douglas, 303-275-4096 email: George Douglas Golden, Colo., May. 13, 2000 - Students from Greeley's Maplewood Middle School built the fastest model solar car and won the Junior Solar Sprint at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) today. A team from Monarch K-8 School in Louisville won top honors for design. Forty-one teams from across Colorado entered the 20-meter race,

  12. Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car

    SciTech Connect

    Freimuth, Paul I.

    2007-01-02

    Disclosed is a mutant CAR-DI-binding adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have a significantly weakened binding affinity for CAR-DI relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type.

  13. Adjustable-Speed Drives for 500 to 4000 Horsepower Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    The magnets are made of neodymium, iron, and boron (NdFeB) and retain their magnetic properties for the life of the system. The motor is started with the ASD system in a position ...

  14. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Natural Gas Cars Work?

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Natural Gas Cars Work? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Natural Gas Cars Work? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Natural Gas Cars Work? on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Natural Gas Cars Work? on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Natural Gas Cars Work? on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Natural Gas Cars Work? on Digg Find More places

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work?

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Cars Work? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Digg Find More places to share Alternative

  16. Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Car Sales in 2013 | Department of Energy 7: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013 Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013 In 1970, about 15% of all cars sold were imported (built outside of North America) and about 5% of all light trucks sold were imported. These import shares grew during the 1970's and the early 1980's. Following sharp declines in the late 1980s through the mid-1990s, import

  17. EcoCAR 3: Year 1 Finals Power Up University Teams | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EcoCAR 3: Year 1 Finals Power Up University Teams EcoCAR 3: Year 1 Finals Power Up University Teams June 4, 2015 - 12:30pm Addthis 1 of 11 As part of the EcoCAR 3 Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition, university teams from throughout North America will redesign a 2016 Chevrolet Camaro to reduce its environmental impact while maintaining its "muscle car" performance. Image: Courtesy of EcoCAR 3 2 of 11 As part of EcoCAR 3, university teams will receive a set of keys to a brand new

  18. Considerations When Comparing LED and Conventional Lighting ...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    When comparing LED lighting performance to conventional lighting, buyers will want to consider energy efficiency, operating life and lumen depreciation, light outputdistribution, ...

  19. Commercial Photovoltaic Application- California Convention Center

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In this b-roll, several photovoltaic arrays turn a California convention center rooftop and parking structure into a source of clean energy.

  20. Japanese Ratify Convention on Supplementary Compensation for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    The United States Ratifies The Convention On Supplementary Compensation United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage A Statement from U.S. ...

  1. Joint Convention | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Joint Convention U.S. Leads Fifth International Review Meeting on the Safety of Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste Management at the IAEA VIENNA, AUSTRIA - Today, representatives...

  2. Alaska Federation of Natives Annual Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples.

  3. High-temperature superconductivity: A conventional conundrum...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: High-temperature superconductivity: A conventional conundrum Citation ... OSTI Identifier: 1245373 Report Number(s): BNL--111729-2016-JA Journal ID: ISSN 1745-2473; ...

  4. ATNI Mid-Year Convention 2016

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI) is hosting its mid-year convention. The three-day conference is hosted by the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde.

  5. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    ScienceCinema

    Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig

    2016-07-12

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

  6. Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2013-04-19

    Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

  7. Electric Cars Coming to Former Delaware GM Plant

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    If a company’s cars are luxurious enough for the Crown Prince of Denmark, then just imagine how the vehicles — which have a 50-mile, emission-free range on a single electric charge — might be received by folks in the U.S.

  8. Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago

    SciTech Connect

    2009-01-01

    Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

  9. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig

    2014-09-17

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

  10. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 64% of new cars sold in model year (MY) 1975 had combined highway/city fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less [blue shading]. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or...

  11. Fuels of the Future for Cars and Trucks | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of the Future for Cars and Trucks Fuels of the Future for Cars and Trucks 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: U.S. Department of Energy PDF icon 2002deereberhardt.pdf More...

  12. Fact #899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks...

    Energy Saver

    Trucks - Dataset Fact 899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks - Dataset Excel file and dataset for World Production of Cars and Trucks fotw899web.xlsx More...

  13. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and...

    Energy Saver

    DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage ...

  14. Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge | Department...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Addthis EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 1 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 US Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu talks shop with members of the West...

  15. Report on the 1. Techno Rally of small model cars driven by Stirling...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The first speed contest of model cars driven by hand made Stirling engines was held in ... The second techno rally will be held in November, 1998 at Honda's sub car test course. ...

  16. Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    The market share for import cars and light trucks has been growing nearly every year since the mid-1990's. Import car market share more than doubled in that time -- from 14.9% in ...

  17. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings Fact 638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family ...

  18. Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel ... fuel economy that would appear on the window sticker of the car at the time of purchase. ...

  19. Fuel Economy Sticker Revs Up Used Car Sales | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    FuelEconomy.govs newest tool -- the Used Car Fuel Economy Label -- makes it easier ... FuelEconomy.gov's newest tool -- the Used Car Fuel Economy Label -- makes it easier for ...

  20. Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel economy less than 22.5 miles per gallon (mpg). The Gas Guzzler Tax does not apply to light trucks, only cars....

  1. Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Car-sharing programs are not new to the United States, but have grown significantly over the last five years in an effort to provide an alternative to car ownership. Typically, ...

  2. Fact #611: February 22, 2010 Top Ten Best Selling Cars and Light...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    car, while the Ford F-Series pickup was the best selling light truck. The F-Series outsold the Camry by about 50,000 units. The hybrid Toyota Prius was the tenth bestselling car ...

  3. Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    7: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon - Dataset Fact 867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon - Dataset Excel ...

  4. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fact 847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 - Dataset Excel file with dataset for Fact 847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light ...

  5. Fact #899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    In 2013, China was the largest producer of both cars and trucks. In 2000, Japan produced ... World Production of Cars, 1983-2013 (thousands) Year China Japan Germany U.S. Brazil India ...

  6. Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) February 23, 2010 - 5:30am Addthis Drew Bittner...

  7. EcoCAR 3 Students Learn and Teach at Winter Workshop

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Last week, EcoCAR 3 students attended the Year Two Winter Workshop held at EcoCAR sponsor NXP’s headquarters in Austin, Texas. As the most recent Energy Department Advanced Vehicle Technology...

  8. Student engineers design and race battery-powered cars in this...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Click to enlarge. Student engineers design and race battery-powered cars in this year's Electric Car Competition By Justin H.S. Breaux * April 3, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, ...

  9. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fact 856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Excel file with dataset for Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for ...

  10. Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Students build hydrogen fuel-cell cars Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in...

  11. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in support of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership in 2010.

  12. From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    How Lynn Gantt’s EcoCAR experience took him from studying general mechanics to working at General Motors.

  13. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2008.

  14. EM Contributes to Joint Convention Meeting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    EM officials recently participated in the Fifth Review Meeting of the Parties to the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Joint Convention) at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) headquarters.

  15. Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    In 2011, plug-in car sales in the U.S. were 0.28% of the U.S. car market, and grew to 0.44% of the U.S. car market in the first eight months of 2012. Western Europe has also ...

  16. The diesel engine for cars -- Is there a future?

    SciTech Connect

    Pischinger, F.F.

    1998-07-01

    The diesel engine is known as the most fuel efficient combustion engine. Its acceptance for use in passenger cars, however, varies geographically. Today, the diesel car plays an important role in Europe; in France, for instance, it is achieving a remarkable market share of about 42%, while in the US its market penetration can be neglected. Many questions are expressed concerning the future of diesel powered cars. The question affecting market acceptance is as follows: can the significantly better fuel efficiency of a diesel car outweigh perceived detrimental characteristics? Such unfavorable properties are thought to be low specific power, objectionable noise, higher exhaust emissions (including smoke), and higher vehicle price. These features are closely influenced by the state of passenger car diesel engine technology. This technology state and its potential must be evaluated with respect to current and future demands, for instance, tighter exhaust emission regulations. In addition, the commercial value and consumer acceptance of high fuel economy must be evaluated. It is clear that the ultimate result of weighing the pros and cons will depend not only on technological factors, but also on political factors such as fuel taxation. Regarding the state of technology, the diesel car is very promising. First, by employing a direct injection combustion system, the fuel efficiency can be improved by about 15% over current swirl chamber engines. Furthermore, the specific power (hp/ltr) can be increased by efficient supercharging to achieve values of today`s gasoline engines. By tuning the combustion system, low noise engine design features and incorporation of careful noise reduction measures on the vehicle, the noise behavior of a spark ignited vehicle can be reached. Exhaust emissions can currently be reduced to a level to satisfy today`s European and US Tier 1 emission limits. However, significant development effort remains. More stringent emission levels (California

  17. Atlantic City Convention Center Solar Power Plant | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Convention Center Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Atlantic City Convention Center Solar Power Plant Facility Atlantic City Convention Center Sector Solar...

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    San Diego Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San

  19. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon | Department of Energy 8: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so that by 1985 most of the cars produced

  20. Surface localization of the nuclear receptor CAR in influenza A virus-infected cells

    SciTech Connect

    Takahashi, Tadanobu; Moriyama, Yusuke; Ikari, Akira; Sugatani, Junko; Suzuki, Takashi; Miwa, Masao

    2008-04-11

    Constitutive active/androstane receptor CAR is a member of the nuclear receptors which regulate transcription of xenobiotic metabolism enzymes. CAR is usually localized in the cytosol and nucleus. Here, we found that CAR was localized at the cell surface of influenza A virus (IAV)-infected cells. Additionally, we demonstrated that expression of a viral envelope glycoprotein, either hemagglutinin (HA) or neuraminidase (NA), but not viral nucleoprotein (NP), was responsible for this localization. This report is the first demonstration of CAR at the surface of tissue culture cells, and suggests that CAR may exert the IAV infection mechanism.

  1. EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic American

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Muscle Car | Department of Energy 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic American Muscle Car EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic American Muscle Car May 7, 2014 - 5:03pm Addthis Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz (far right) watches as Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy David Danielson speaks during the EcoCAR 3 competition launch event in Washington, D.C. on April 24. Student teams from throughout the country will put

  2. EcoCAR 3: Year 1 Finals in Seattle | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3: Year 1 Finals in Seattle EcoCAR 3: Year 1 Finals in Seattle Addthis 1 of 11 As part of the EcoCAR 3 Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition, university teams from throughout North America will redesign a 2016 Chevrolet Camaro to reduce its environmental impact while maintaining its "muscle car" performance. Image: Courtesy of EcoCAR 3 2 of 11 As part of EcoCAR 3, university teams will receive a set of keys to a brand new Chevrolet Camaro from General Motors to re-engineer into a

  3. A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars May 25, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? An improved car buying experience Clear cut cost comparisons of vehicles If you've ever gone through the process of shopping for a new car, you know just how difficult it can be to

  4. Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year November 9, 2009 - 12:52pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL If you're in the market for a new car, you've probably been doing a lot of research. Talking to friends, reading reviews, scoping out other cars on the road, maybe even taking some test drives. You probably have a list of things you want in car, and you should consider all of these points of

  5. The Ohio State University Wins Year One of North American EcoCAR 3

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Competition - Defending Their EcoCAR 2 Title | Department of Energy Wins Year One of North American EcoCAR 3 Competition - Defending Their EcoCAR 2 Title The Ohio State University Wins Year One of North American EcoCAR 3 Competition - Defending Their EcoCAR 2 Title June 5, 2015 - 9:55am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov 16 Teams Receive Keys to 2016 Chevrolet Camaro SEATTLE - The U.S. Department of Energy and General Motors Co. (NYSE:GM) announced The Ohio State

  6. Fabricator tees up with golf-car redesign

    SciTech Connect

    Hallum, D.L.

    1994-09-01

    EZ-Go Textron, Augusta, USA, manufactures 40 models of gasoline- and electric-powered utility vehicles, personnel carriers, and golf cars. Despite its popular product line, EZ-Go management recognized it had a problem; fabricating processes and product design hadn`t changed for 25 years and, at peak production, workers cloistered in dark, dingy shops were fabricating over-designed chassis and car frames using manual gas-metal arc welding. A global production plan, involving redesign of the product and plant modernization, was presented 3 years ago. The plan established volume outputs and shutdown steps for migrating from the old to the new design. The author describes the plan which incorporates linking product redesign, complex stampings, conveyor lines, and robotic welding.

  7. Fleet-Car Market PENetration Simulator: CPEN user's guide

    SciTech Connect

    Weil, R.

    1980-08-01

    The purpose of this manual is to assist prospective users in the understanding and execution of Fleet-Car Market PENetration Simulator (CPEN). CPEN is an interactive FORTRAN program whose purpose is to produce estimates of fleet-market-penetration rates of alternative passenger cars that can be described in terms of specific physical and economic attributes. The data were derived from questionnaires distributed to fleet operators affiliated with National Association of Fleet Administrators (NAFA). Besides the NAFA data, CPEN uses 48 variables that are interactively inserted. Complete data-input descriptions are included in the manual along with algorithm and application flowcharts. Examples of complete successful simulator runs are included for alternative program paths. A listing of the computer program and a glossary for CPEN are included.

  8. Summer 2012 Intern Project- Car Bycraft | Center for Energy Efficient

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Car Bycraft QUANTUM EFFICIENCY MEASUREMENT FOR MULTIJUNCTION PHOTOVOLTAICS Carl Bycraft Electrical Engineering UC Santa Barbara Mentor: Emmett Perl Faculty Advisor: John Bowers Department: Electrical and Computer Engineering The efficiency of Silicon solar cells is reaching the theoretical limits outlined by Schokley & Queisser in 1961. Improvements are necessary to decrease the price-to-performance ratio to the levels required for becoming competitive with fossil fuels.

  9. NNSA lab recognized for innovation to power electric cars | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) lab recognized for innovation to power electric cars Wednesday, June 15, 2016 - 10:02am The expertise and capabilities of NNSA's labs are recognized for powering innovation in the nuclear industry - and now for powering hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles. The recent 2016 Annual Merit Review Awards recognized significant achievements in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program. Researchers from NNSA's Sandia National

  10. Solar on Salt Lake City Convention Center

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This photograph features the Calvin L. Rampton Salt Palace Convention Center, which will soon become a solar power-producing giant. Salt Lake County and its project partners announced plans to...

  11. High-temperature superconductivity: A conventional conundrum

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Božović, Ivan

    2016-01-07

    High-temperature superconductivity in ultrathin films of iron selenide deposited on strontium titanate has been attributed to various exotic mechanisms, and new experiments indicate that it may be conventional, with broader implications.

  12. Indian Gaming 2012 Tradeshow and Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) 2012 tradeshow and convention will take place April 1-4, 2012, in San Diego, California. The event features seminars and trainings and other activities...

  13. Photovoltaic System on Orange County Convention Center

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The solar photovoltaic (PV) rooftop system on the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, Florida, was completed in 2009 over the south concourse. This project is a U.S. Department of Energy...

  14. Nanoporous films: Beyond conventional to the conformal

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Allendorf, Mark D.; Stavila, Vitalie

    2015-12-01

    Here, thin and continuous films of porous metal-organic frameworks can now be conformally deposited on various substrates using a vapor-phase synthesis approach that departs from conventional solution-based routes.

  15. Nanoporous films: From conventional to the conformal

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Allendorf, Mark D.; Stavila, Vitalie

    2015-12-14

    Here, thin and continuous films of porous metal-organic frameworks can now be conformally deposited on various substrates using a vapor-phase synthesis approach that departs from conventional solution-based routes.

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office: Propulsion Materials for Cars and Trucks

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Manufacturers use propulsion (or powertrain) materials in the components that move vehicles of every size and shape. Conventional vehicles use these materials in components such as the engine,...

  17. Fact #880: July 6, 2015 Conventional Vehicle Energy Use: Where...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fact 884: August 3, 2015 All-electric Vehicle: Where Does the Energy Go? - Dataset Fact 856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner ...

  18. FFTF railroad tank car safety evaluation for packaging

    SciTech Connect

    Romano, T.

    1996-10-25

    This Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP) provides evaluations necessary to approve transfer of the 8,000 gallon Liquid Waste Tank Car (LWTC) from the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) to the 200 Areas. This SEP will demonstrate that the transfer cif the LWTC will provide an equivalent degree of safety as would be provided by packages meeting U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) requirements. This fulfills onsite transportation requirements implemented in the Hazardous Material Packaging and Shipping, WHC-CM-2-14.

  19. The not so new electric car -- Step child of Detroit

    SciTech Connect

    Lough, S.S.

    1994-12-31

    In the first decade of the 20th century, gas and electric vehicles were in a head to head battle. Actually until after 1915, electric trucks dominated the urban scene. At this time it was not only commercial concerns who preferred electric`s but women too, for they were clean, easy to start and drive, and you know something--they still are! In lacking the foresight to develop electric car technology the US has created a global monster. Urban sprawl, suburbs, malls, pollution on a global scale, and an infrastructure which is not going to give up market share without a fight.

  20. Solar and Lithium Ion Car Race Winners Announced - News Releases | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar and Lithium Ion Car Race Winners Announced May 18, 2013 Ninety-seven teams from 28 Colorado schools participated in today's car competitions hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The student teams raced solar and lithium ion powered vehicles they designed and built themselves. Trophies for the fastest lithium-ion powered model cars were given to Colorado students from University School, Greeley, "Lucky Charms," first place;

  1. Student Winners Announced in Solar, Hydrogen and Lithium Ion Fuel Cell Car

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Races - News Releases | NREL Student Winners Announced in Solar, Hydrogen and Lithium Ion Fuel Cell Car Races May 12, 2012 One hundred four teams from 23 Colorado schools participated in today's car competitions hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The student teams raced solar, lithium ion, or hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicles they designed and built themselves. Trophies for the fastest lithium-ion powered model cars were given to Colorado

  2. Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Students build hydrogen fuel-cell cars Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in the annual Hydrogen Fuel Cell Challenge in Albuquerque. April 3, 2012 Regional Winners of the Hydrogen Fuel Cell Challenge Students at Tony Hillerman Middle School in Albuquerque learn about alternative energy by building and racing fuel-cell powered cars in the Lab sponsored fuel-cell challenge. Contact Kathy Keith

  3. FreedomCAR Technical Teams: 2002 Key Accomplishments | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technical Teams: 2002 Key Accomplishments FreedomCAR Technical Teams: 2002 Key Accomplishments Report highlighting specific accomplishments that the FreedomCAR Partners recognize as significant milestones or breakthroughs achieved in 2002. 2002_fcfp_accomplishments_rpt.pdf (1.99 MB) More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of Supporting Information -

  4. Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World's First 3D Printed Car (text

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    version) | Department of Energy Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World's First 3D Printed Car (text version) Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World's First 3D Printed Car (text version) Below is the text version for the Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World's First 3D Printed Car Video. FILE NAME: AEMC_09172014_luncheonaddress_nextgeneration SPEAKER: Ladies and gentleman, welcome and good afternoon. Please give a warm welcome to Dr. Mark Johnson, U.S. Department of Energy.

  5. Overview of FreedomCAR & Fuels Partnership/DOE Delivery Program |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Fuels Partnership/DOE Delivery Program Overview of FreedomCAR & Fuels Partnership/DOE Delivery Program Presentation on FreedomCAR & Fuells Partnership for the DOE Hydrogen Delivery High-Pressure Tanks and Analysis Project Review Meeting held February 8-9, 2005 at Argonne National Laboratory 02_parks_dtt.pdf (9.2 MB) More Documents & Publications Delivery Tech Team DOE Hydrogen Program Overview President's Hydrogen Fuel Initiative

  6. Companhia Energ tica de A car e lcool do Tri ngulo Mineiro Ltda...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    de A car e lcool do Tri ngulo Mineiro Ltda CMAA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Companhia Energtica de Acar e lcool do Tringulo Mineiro Ltda (CMAA) Place:...

  7. History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Ozone Study in the South Coast Air Basin The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program - The Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project

  8. Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 2: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 Using data for the first seven months of 2012, Norway has the highest plug-in car market share at 2.55%. The Netherlands has the second highest plug-in market share (0.59%) and despite its small size, accounts for 16.1% of all plug-ins sold in Western Europe (see pie chart). France accounted for 22.3% of Western European plug-in car sales,

  9. Students Debut Redesigned 2016 Chevrolet Camaros at EcoCAR 3...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    teams from across North America redesign the 2016 Chevrolet Camaro to reduce its environmental impact while maintaining the performance expected from the iconic American car. ...

  10. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    in 2014 - Dataset | Department of Energy 7: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 - Dataset Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 - Dataset Excel file with dataset for Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 fotw#847_web.xlsx (26.69 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per

  11. Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Phenomenon - Dataset | Department of Energy 7: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon - Dataset Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon fotw#867_web.xlsx (21.33 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Fact #924: May 9, 1916

  12. Fact #899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks - Dataset

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy 9: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks - Dataset Fact #899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks - Dataset Excel file and dataset for World Production of Cars and Trucks fotw#899_web.xlsx (46.61 KB) More Documents & Publications Diesel Trucks - Then and Now Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon - Dataset Fact #851: December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears

  13. Winners for NREL's 25th Solar and Lithium Ion Car Races | Awards...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The batteries used in the competition are supplied by DOE, and teams purchase authorized solar panels, then design and build the rest of their cars themselves. The competition...

  14. EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University May 24, 2012 - 10:40am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Los Angeles, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Mississippi State University its Year One winner at the EcoCAR 2012 Competition in Los Angeles. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered for six days of judged competition this week with $100,000 in prize

  15. EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University May 24, 2013 - 2:14pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 SAN DIEGO, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Pennsylvania State University its Year Two winner at the EcoCAR 2013 Competition in San Diego. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered in Yuma, Arizona last week for six days of rigorous vehicle

  16. EV Everywhere: All-Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars Find Electric Vehicle Models Vehicle Charging Saving Fuel & Vehicle Costs Electric Vehicle Stories Benefits of Electric Vehicles Electric ...

  17. Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the appraisal of large scale transport infrastructure projects, service Provision, pricing, the allocation of risk, and initiatives to reduce car dependence, in the context...

  18. Winners for NREL's 25th Solar and Lithium Ion Car Races - News...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The batteries used in the competition are supplied by DOE, and teams purchase authorized solar panels, then design and build the rest of their cars themselves. The competition ...

  19. Winners for NREL's 26th Solar and Lithium-Ion Car Races | PV...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The batteries used in the competition are supplied by DOE, and teams purchase authorized solar panels, then design and build the rest of their cars themselves. The competition ...

  20. Companhia Mineira de A car e lcool Participa es | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Mineira de A car e lcool Participa es Jump to: navigation, search Name: Companhia Mineira de Acar e lcool Participaes Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian sugar and...

  1. The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... There, live, layer by layer, in front of thousands of people, a real, fully operational, two-person electric car emerged. Learn more about the Energy Department's advanced ...

  2. Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Science Bowl Coordinators Alumni Historical Information - National Finals National Science Bowl Logos ...

  3. Timeline: A Path to Lightweight Materials in Cars and Trucks | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Timeline: A Path to Lightweight Materials in Cars and Trucks Timeline: A Path to Lightweight Materials in Cars and Trucks August 25, 2016 - 12:45pm Addthis Mike Mueller Senior Digital Content Strategist, EERE Communications What are the key facts? By reducing a car's weight, we can cut down on oil consumption, combat climate change and extend the range of our cars. A 10 percent reduction in vehicle weight can lead to an 8 percent improvement in fuel economy. Lightweight materials

  4. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Storage Analysis Workshop | Department of Energy DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop On January 25, 2006, the U.S. Department of Energy, together with the FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership, held a workshop to review and discuss ongoing hydrogen storage and delivery analysis efforts. Attendees included members of the FreedomCAR &

  5. I Love What My Electric Car Does-and Does Not Do | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    I Love What My Electric Car Does-and Does Not Do I Love What My Electric Car Does-and Does Not Do May 4, 2016 - 5:37pm Addthis Plugging in an electric car is so easy that my 3-year-old can do it. Plugging in an electric car is so easy that my 3-year-old can do it. Alexis Powers Communications Specialist at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Ever since we purchased an all-electric vehicle about six months ago, I've been flooded with a string of inquiries from curious friends and family

  6. Students Debut Redesigned 2016 Chevrolet Camaros at EcoCAR 3 Competition |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Debut Redesigned 2016 Chevrolet Camaros at EcoCAR 3 Competition Students Debut Redesigned 2016 Chevrolet Camaros at EcoCAR 3 Competition May 20, 2016 - 9:45am Addthis Members of Mississippi State University, one of of 16 EcoCAR competition teams, work on their redesign of the 2016 Chevrolet Camaro. Members of Mississippi State University, one of of 16 EcoCAR competition teams, work on their redesign of the 2016 Chevrolet Camaro. Members of Ohio State University's team

  7. The Ohio State University Defends Title, Wins Second Year of EcoCAR 3

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Competition | Department of Energy Defends Title, Wins Second Year of EcoCAR 3 Competition The Ohio State University Defends Title, Wins Second Year of EcoCAR 3 Competition May 27, 2016 - 4:06pm Addthis The Ohio State University won year two of the four-year EcoCAR 3 Competition. | Photo by Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition The Ohio State University won year two of the four-year EcoCAR 3 Competition. | Photo by Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940

  8. #AskBerkeleyLab: Batteries for Electric Cars - Joint Center for...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    February 27, 2015, Videos AskBerkeleyLab: Batteries for Electric Cars Venkat Srinivasan, Department Head-Energy Storage and Distributed Resources at Lawrence Berkeley National ...

  9. Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition April 18, 2011 - 1:52pm Addthis Participants in the EcoCar2 challenge gather for the spring workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Participants in the EcoCar2 challenge gather for the spring workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan. What does this project do? Engineering students work to re-engineer a standard vehicle, minimizing fuel consumption and

  10. What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? April 29, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon wrote about plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. DOE is has a number of projects in the works to encourage development and adoption of these vehicles. While the flying "cars of the future" we imagined in years past have not come to fruition, plug-in and all-electric vehicles have given us a new vision for the "cars

  11. Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car

    DOEpatents

    Freimuth, Paul I.

    2004-05-18

    Disclosed is a mutant adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have significantly weakened binding affinity for CARD1 relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type. In the method, residues of the adenovirus fiber protein knob domain which are predicted to alter D1 binding when mutated, are identified from the crystal structure coordinates of the AD12knob:CAR-D1 complex. A mutation which alters one or more of the identified residues is introduced into the genome of the adenovirus to generate a mutant adenovirus. Whether or not the mutant produced exhibits altered adenovirus-CAR binding properties is then determined.

  12. Small passenger car transmission test: Chevrolet Luv transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Bujold, M.P.

    1980-06-01

    The small passenger car transmission test was initiated to supply electric vehicle manufacturers with technical information regarding the performance of commercially available transmissions. This information would enable EV manufacturers to design a more energy efficient vehicle. With this information the manufacturers would be able to estimate vehicle driving range as well as speed and torque requirements for specific roadload performance characteristics. This report covers the 1978 Chevrolet Luv Truck manual transmission. This transmission was tested per a passenger car automatic transmission test code (SAE J65lb) which required drive performance, coast performance, and no load test conditions. The portion of the test code which involved the throttle valve modulation and line pressure were deleted since they did not apply to the manual transmission. Under these test conditions the transmission attained maximum efficiencies in the upper 90% range at rated load for both drive performance tests and coast performance tests. The major results of this test are the torque speed and efficiency curves which are located in the data section of this report. These graphs map the complete performance characteristics for the Chevrolet Luv Truck Manual transmission. This information will facilitate the vehicle manufacturer in the design of a more energy efficient vehicle.

  13. Final Report

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Compared to conventional hydraulic fracturing, the treatment volumes are small and the horsepower and pump rates are low. ... stick together when the temperature increases, and the large ...

  14. The chemical weapons conventional legal issues

    SciTech Connect

    Tanzman, E.A.

    1997-12-31

    Because the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) contains the best developed verification regime in multilaterial arms control history, some have raised concerns for the chemical industry that have legal implications. Chief among these are safeguarding confidential business information and protecting constitutional rights during inspections. This discussion will show how the CWC and proposed national implementing legislation work together to allay these concerns. Both concerns are legitimate. Confidential business information could be lost to a national government or the CWC governing body accidentially or purposely. The CWC regime of routine and challenge inspections are searches under the constitution and could, if abused, potentially conflict with recognized commercial privacy interests. Neither concern justifies opposition to the convention, but both need to be addressed in national implementing legislation. Proposed US legislation goes far in this direction, but can be improved.

  15. Westin Convention Center Hotel, Pittsburgh, PA

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Materials for Harsh Service Conditions Workshop, November 19 - 20, 2015 Westin Convention Center Hotel, Pittsburgh, PA Topic - Materials for Harsh Service Conditions Page 1 of 4 11/12/2015 Overall Purpose * To gather input from stakeholders on the vision of future opportunities and technical challenges facing development and scale-up of materials, process, and equipment that can make step-change improvements of system performance in harsh service conditions. The Advanced Manufacturing Office

  16. Meeting Notes re NOI for Convention on Supplementary Compensation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Notes re NOI for Convention on Supplementary Compensation Meeting Notes re NOI for Convention on Supplementary Compensation notes from meeting on Convention on Supplementary Compensation Meeting Notes re NOI for Convention on Supplementary Compensation (45.83 KB) More Documents & Publications Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation on Nuclear Damage Contingent

  17. Manufacture of Alumina-Forming Austenitic Stainless Steel Alloys by Conventional Casting and Hot-Working Methods

    SciTech Connect

    Brady, M.P.; Yamamoto, Y.; Magee, J.H. (Carpenter Technol. Corp.)

    2009-03-23

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Carpenter Technology Corporation (CarTech) participated in an in-kind cost share cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) effort under the auspices of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Technology Maturation program to explore the feasibility for scale up of developmental ORNL alumina-forming austenitic (AFA) stainless steels by conventional casting and rolling techniques. CarTech successfully vacuum melted 30lb heats of four AFA alloy compositions in the range of Fe-(20-25)Ni-(12-14)Cr-(3-4)Al-(1-2.5)Nb wt.% base. Conventional hot/cold rolling was used to produce 0.5-inch thick plate and 0.1-inch thick sheet product. ORNL subsequently successfully rolled the 0.1-inch sheet to 4 mil thick foil. Long-term oxidation studies of the plate form material were initiated at 650, 700, and 800 C in air with 10 volume percent water vapor. Preliminary results indicated that the alloys exhibit comparable (good) oxidation resistance to ORNL laboratory scale AFA alloy arc casting previously evaluated. The sheet and foil material will be used in ongoing evaluation efforts for oxidation and creep resistance under related CRADAs with two gas turbine engine manufacturers. This work will be directed to evaluation of AFA alloys for use in gas turbine recuperators to permit higher-temperature operating conditions for improved efficiencies and reduced environmental emissions.

  18. Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP) (Fact Sheet) Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP) (Fact Sheet) The US ...

  19. Non Conventional Energy Development Agency NEDA | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Non Conventional Energy Development Agency NEDA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Non-Conventional Energy Development Agency (NEDA) Place: Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India Zip: 226010...

  20. Public Comment re NOI on Convention on Supplementary Compensation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation -75 FR 43945 PDF icon Public Comment re NOI on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for...

  1. File:EIA-conventional-gas.pdf | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    conventional-gas.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Natural Gas Production in Conventional Fields, Lower 48 States Size of this preview: 776 600...

  2. Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Section 934 Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation, Section 934 LES comments in response to Notice of Inquiry on Convention on...

  3. Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for...

    Energy Saver

    Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost...

  4. Energy.gov File Naming Conventions for Downloads | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    File Naming Conventions for Downloads Energy.gov File Naming Conventions for Downloads When uploading files to download pages in Energy.gov's content management system (CMS), ...

  5. Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS Candidate and Conventional...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Structural Controls of EGS Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great ... Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs ...

  6. Challenging Conventional Wisdom: A Clean and Highly Efficient...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Challenging Conventional Wisdom: A Clean and Highly Efficient Opposed-Piston Two-Stroke Engine Challenging Conventional Wisdom: A Clean and Highly Efficient Opposed-Piston ...

  7. Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention ...

  8. National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent ...

  9. The Australian Geographic Team Marsupial solar-powered car

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, G.R.; Storey, J.W.V.

    1988-01-01

    As in all vehicles of this type, low weight and aerodynamic drag must be achieved without compromising safety, and in an extremely rugged structure. This has been done by using a chrome-molybdenum steel space-frame, surrounded by a Kevlar/foam sandwich body shell. The solar panel wing, which uses a laminar flow section to obtain low drag, does not tilt except when the vehicle is stationary. A high degree of redundancy is built into the vehicle; for example there are two motors and transmissions, the solar array is divided into seven parallel sub-arrays, and the power electronics is multiply redundant. Built entirely in the garage of a suburban house, the Australian Geographic Team Marsupial car cost less than US$50,000 to construct.

  10. Opposing regulation of cytochrome P450 expression by CAR and PXR in hypothyroid mice

    SciTech Connect

    Park, Young Joo; Lee, Eun Kyung; Lee, Yoon Kwang; Park, Do Joon; Jang, Hak Chul; Moore, David D.

    2012-09-01

    Clinical hypothyroidism affects various metabolic processes including drug metabolism. CYP2B and CYP3A are important cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes that are regulated by the xenobiotic receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). We evaluated the regulation of the hepatic expression of CYPs by CAR and PXR in the hypothyroid state induced by a low-iodine diet containing 0.15% propylthiouracil. Expression of Cyp3a11 was suppressed in hypothyroid C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice and a further decrement was observed in hypothyroid CAR{sup −/−} mice, but not in hypothyroid PXR{sup −/−} mice. In contrast, expression of Cyp2b10 was induced in both WT and PXR{sup −/−} hypothyroid mice, and this induction was abolished in CAR{sup −/−} mice and in and CAR{sup −/−} PXR{sup −/−} double knockouts. CAR mRNA expression was increased by hypothyroidism, while PXR expression remained unchanged. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic that is metabolized by CYP3A isoforms. After CBZ treatment of normal chow fed mice, serum CBZ levels were highest in CAR{sup −/−} mice and lowest in WT and PXR{sup −/−} mice. Hypothyroid WT or PXR{sup −/−} mice survived chronic CBZ treatment, but all hypothyroid CAR{sup −/−} and CAR{sup −/−} PXR{sup −/−} mice died, with CAR{sup −/−}PXR{sup −/−} mice surviving longer than CAR{sup −/−} mice (12.3 ± 3.3 days vs. 6.3 ± 2.1 days, p = 0.04). All these findings suggest that hypothyroid status affects xenobiotic metabolism, with opposing responses of CAR and PXR and their CYP targets that can cancel each other out, decreasing serious metabolic derangement in response to a xenobiotic challenge. -- Highlights: ► Hypothyroid status activates CAR in mice and induces Cyp2b10 expression. ► Hypothyroid status suppresses PXR activity in mice and represses Cyp3a11 expression. ► These responses balance each other out in normal mice.

  11. The Molecular Interaction of CAR and JAML Recruits the Central Cell Signal Transducer PI3K

    SciTech Connect

    Verdino, Petra; Witherden, Deborah A.; Havran, Wendy L.; Wilson, Ian A.

    2010-11-15

    Coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is the primary cellular receptor for group B coxsackieviruses and most adenovirus serotypes and plays a crucial role in adenoviral gene therapy. Recent discovery of the interaction between junctional adhesion molecule-like protein (JAML) and CAR uncovered important functional roles in immunity, inflammation, and tissue homeostasis. Crystal structures of JAML ectodomain (2.2 angstroms) and its complex with CAR (2.8 angstroms) reveal an unusual immunoglobulin-domain assembly for JAML and a charged interface that confers high specificity. Biochemical and mutagenesis studies illustrate how CAR-mediated clustering of JAML recruits phosphoinositide 3-kinase (P13K) to a JAML intracellular sequence motif as delineated for the {alpha}{beta} T cell costimulatory receptor CD28. Thus, CAR and JAML are cell signaling receptors of the immune system with implications for asthma, cancer, and chronic nonhealing wounds.

  12. Standardizing Naming Conventions in Radiation Oncology

    SciTech Connect

    Santanam, Lakshmi; Hurkmans, Coen; Mutic, Sasa; Vliet-Vroegindeweij, Corine van; Brame, Scott; Straube, William; Galvin, James; Tripuraneni, Prabhakar; Michalski, Jeff; Bosch, Walter

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to report on the development of a standardized target and organ-at-risk naming convention for use in radiation therapy and to present the nomenclature for structure naming for interinstitutional data sharing, clinical trial repositories, integrated multi-institutional collaborative databases, and quality control centers. This taxonomy should also enable improved plan benchmarking between clinical institutions and vendors and facilitation of automated treatment plan quality control. Materials and Methods: The Advanced Technology Consortium, Washington University in St. Louis, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, Dutch Radiation Oncology Society, and the Clinical Trials RT QA Harmonization Group collaborated in creating this new naming convention. The International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements guidelines have been used to create standardized nomenclature for target volumes (clinical target volume, internal target volume, planning target volume, etc.), organs at risk, and planning organ-at-risk volumes in radiation therapy. The nomenclature also includes rules for specifying laterality and margins for various structures. The naming rules distinguish tumor and nodal planning target volumes, with correspondence to their respective tumor/nodal clinical target volumes. It also provides rules for basic structure naming, as well as an option for more detailed names. Names of nonstandard structures used mainly for plan optimization or evaluation (rings, islands of dose avoidance, islands where additional dose is needed [dose painting]) are identified separately. Results: In addition to its use in 16 ongoing Radiation Therapy Oncology Group advanced technology clinical trial protocols and several new European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer protocols, a pilot version of this naming convention has been evaluated using patient data sets with varying treatment sites. All structures in these data sets were

  13. Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is a novel coactivator of constitutive androstane receptor (CAR)

    SciTech Connect

    Kanno, Yuichiro Inajima, Jun; Kato, Sayaka; Matsumoto, Maika; Tokumoto, Chikako; Kure, Yuki; Inouye, Yoshio

    2015-03-27

    The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays a key role in the expression of xenobiotic/steroid and drug metabolizing enzymes and their transporters. In this study, we demonstrated that protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is a novel CAR-interacting protein. Furthermore, the PRMT-dependent induction of a CAR reporter gene, which was independent of methyltransferase activity, was enhanced in the presence of steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α) or DEAD box DNA/RNA helicase DP97. Using tetracycline inducible-hCAR system in HepG2 cells, we showed that knockdown of PRMT5 with small interfering RNA suppressed tetracycline -induced mRNA expression of CYP2B6 but not of CYP2C9 or CYP3A4. PRMT5 enhanced phenobarbital-mediated transactivation of a phenobarbital-responsive enhancer module (PBREM)-driven reporter gene in co-operation with PGC-1α in rat primary hepatocytes. Based on these findings, we suggest PRMT5 to be a gene (or promoter)-selective coactivator of CAR by mediating the formation of complexes between hCAR and appropriate coactivators. - Highlights: • Nuclear receptor CAR interact with PRMT5. • PRMT5 enhances transcriptional activity of CAR. • PRMT5 synergistically enhances transactivity of CAR by the co-expression of SRC-1, DP97 or PGC1α. • PRMT5 is a gene-selective co-activator for hCAR.

  14. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Although the average expenditure for a new car has increased from 1967 to 2009, family earnings have also been on the rise. For this period, new car expenditures went from $3,216 to $23,186, while...

  15. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2011, nearly 52% of all new cars sold in Western Europe were diesel. In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were diesels. The market penetration of...

  16. New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Trucks | Department of Energy Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars and Trucks New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars and Trucks June 11, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON D.C. --- U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced more than $300 million worth of investments that will boost a range of clean energy technologies - including carbon capture from coal, solar power, and high efficiency cars and trucks. The move reflects

  17. Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy 6: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards set for model years (MY) 2011 through 2016 include small, 2-wheel drive sport utility vehicles (SUVs) with cars instead of light trucks. Until this regulation, all SUVs were categorized as light trucks, along with pickups and vans. A recent report by the Environmental Protection Agency shows how many SUVs fall into this new

  18. Fact #785: June 24, 2013 Many Cars Pollute Less Despite Increases in Size |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 5: June 24, 2013 Many Cars Pollute Less Despite Increases in Size Fact #785: June 24, 2013 Many Cars Pollute Less Despite Increases in Size As new vehicles become more efficient, the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) they produce decreases. Shown below are several examples of model year (MY) 2012 cars that have decreased the amount of CO2 they produce (in grams per mile) despite the fact that they are larger (in interior volume) than they were ten years ago. Of the

  19. Fact #924: May 9, 1916 Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had Turbochargers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy 4: May 9, 1916 Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had Turbochargers Fact #924: May 9, 1916 Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had Turbochargers SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week Turbocharging is not a new technology, but has grown in new light vehicle market share over the last five years. In 2015, more than 20% of new cars and nearly 14% of new light trucks had turbocharged engines (turbos). Turbocharging, often paired with gasoline direct injection (GDI), has allowed

  20. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon - Dataset | Department of Energy 8: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon - Dataset Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon - Dataset Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon fotw#848_web.xlsx (33.93 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact

  1. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Owner Satisfaction - Dataset | Department of Energy 6 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Excel file with dataset for Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction fotw#856_web.xlsx (16.64 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #881: July 13, 2015 Powertrain Efficiency Improvements, 2005 to 2013 - Dataset

  2. Fact #924: May 9, 1916 Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had Turbochargers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    - Dataset | Department of Energy 4: May 9, 1916 Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had Turbochargers - Dataset Fact #924: May 9, 1916 Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had Turbochargers - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had Turbochargers fotw#924_web.xlsx (19.24 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #923: May 2, 2016 Cylinder Deactivation was Used in More than a Quarter of New Light Trucks Produced in 2015 - Dataset Fact #869: April 20, 2015

  3. EcoCAR 2 Year 1 Winners Announced! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Year 1 Winners Announced! EcoCAR 2 Year 1 Winners Announced! May 25, 2012 - 1:21pm Addthis EcoCAR 2: Pluggin in to the Future challenges 15 universities across North America to reduce the environmental impact of a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu by minimizing the vehicles' fuel consumption and reducing its emissions while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety, and consumer appeal. | Photo by Myles Regan. EcoCAR 2: Pluggin in to the Future challenges 15 universities across North America to reduce the

  4. EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    : Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency May 23, 2012 - 1:55pm Addthis Teams of university students are exploring the hardware of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles this week at the EcoCAR 2 finals in Los Angeles, CA. | Energy Department photo, credit Myles Regan. Teams of university students are exploring the hardware of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles this week at the EcoCAR 2 finals in Los Angeles, CA. | Energy Department photo, credit Myles Regan. Connie

  5. Single pulse phase-control interferometric coherent anti-StokesRaman scattering spectroscopy (CARS)

    SciTech Connect

    Lim, Sang-Hyun; Caster, Allison G.; Leone, Stephen R.

    2005-09-28

    In coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy (CARS) experiments, usually the amplitude of the signal is measured and the phase information is lost. With a polarization- and phase-controlled pulse shaping technique, the relative phase between the resonant and non-resonant CARS signals is controlled, and spectral interferometry is performed without an interferometer. Both the real and imaginary parts of the background-free resonant CARS spectrum are measured via spectral interferometry between the resonant and non-resonant signals from the same sample. The resonant signal is amplified significantly by homodyne mixing with the non-resonant signal as a local oscillator, greatly improving the detection limit.

  6. Middle Schoolers Dream Big with Their Solar- and Battery-Powered Cars | PV

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    | NREL Middle Schoolers Dream Big with Their Solar- and Battery-Powered Cars May 27, 2016 A group of young students kneel at a starting line with model solar cars. Racers get set for the start of a heat at the annual Junior Solar Sprint and Lithium Ion Battery Car competitions May 14, held inside the Dakota Ridge High School gym in Littleton, Colorado. Photo by Dennis Schroeder Dreams can travel a long way-longer than the 20 meters of black neoprene racetrack used in the annual Junior Solar

  7. New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy, and High Gas Mileage Cars

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Trucks | Department of Energy New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy, and High Gas Mileage Cars and Trucks New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy, and High Gas Mileage Cars and Trucks June 11, 2009 - 12:37pm Addthis U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced more than $300 million worth of investments that will boost a range of clean energy technologies-including carbon capture from coal, solar power, and high efficiency cars and trucks. The move reflects the

  8. THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Finish Line | Department of Energy THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's Finish Line THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's Finish Line June 15, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Thursday, June 16, 2011, Energy Secretary Steven Chu will welcome the sponsors and 16 student teams participating in EcoCAR: the NeXt Challenge, a three-year collegiate student engineering competition that focuses on advanced vehicle

  9. The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display at

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Manufacturing Summit | Department of Energy The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display at Manufacturing Summit The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display at Manufacturing Summit September 17, 2014 - 9:50am Addthis WORLD'S FIRST 1 of 6 WORLD'S FIRST The world's first 3D-printed car on display at the International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago last week. Arizona-based Local Motors, and Cincinnati Incorporated teamed with Oak

  10. U.S. Department of Energy Announces Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Fuel Partnership | Department of Energy Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership U.S. Department of Energy Announces Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership June 20, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis Group to Accelerate the Delivery of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles to Market DEARBORN, Mich. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Andy Karsner today announced the expansion of the FreedomCAR and Fuel

  11. Junior Solar Sprint - An Introduction to Building a Model Solar Car

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    8 Revised 8/23/01 An Introduction to Building a Model Solar Car Student Guide for the Junior Solar Sprint Competition Produced by: Krisztina Holly and Akhil Madhani 2 Introduction Welcome to Junior Solar Sprint! By competing in Junior Solar Sprint, you will learn how to make your own model solar car that will run entirely from the power of the sun. Design You will experience first-hand the process of design. When you design your car, you will start with some ideas in your head and turn then into

  12. Viscosity of alumina nanoparticles dispersed in car engine coolant

    SciTech Connect

    Kole, Madhusree; Dey, T.K.

    2010-09-15

    The present paper, describes our experimental results on the viscosity of the nanofluid prepared by dispersing alumina nanoparticles (<50 nm) in commercial car coolant. The nanofluid prepared with calculated amount of oleic acid (surfactant) was tested to be stable for more than 80 days. The viscosity of the nanofluids is measured both as a function of alumina volume fraction and temperature between 10 and 50 C. While the pure base fluid display Newtonian behavior over the measured temperature, it transforms to a non-Newtonian fluid with addition of a small amount of alumina nanoparticles. Our results show that viscosity of the nanofluid increases with increasing nanoparticle concentration and decreases with increase in temperature. Most of the frequently used classical models severely under predict the measured viscosity. Volume fraction dependence of the nanofluid viscosity, however, is predicted fairly well on the basis of a recently reported theoretical model for nanofluids that takes into account the effect of Brownian motion of nanoparticles in the nanofluid. The temperature dependence of the viscosity of engine coolant based alumina nanofluids obeys the empirical correlation of the type: log ({mu}{sub nf}) = A exp(BT), proposed earlier by Namburu et al. (author)

  13. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Cars

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Stuart R.

    2013-11-25

    The General Motors and DOE cooperative agreement program DE-EE0003379 is completed. The program has integrated and demonstrated a lean-stratified gasoline engine, a lean aftertreatment system, a 12V Stop/Start system and an Active Thermal Management system along with the necessary controls that significantly improves fuel efficiency for small cars. The fuel economy objective of an increase of 25% over a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu and the emission objective of EPA T2B2 compliance have been accomplished. A brief review of the program, summarized from the narrative is: The program accelerates development and synergistic integration of four cost competitive technologies to improve fuel economy of a light-duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions standards. These technologies can be broadly implemented across the U.S. light-duty vehicle product line between 2015 and 2025 and are compatible with future and renewable biofuels. The technologies in this program are: lean combustion, innovative passive selective catalyst reduction lean aftertreatment, 12V stop/start and active thermal management. The technologies will be calibrated in a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu mid-size sedan for final fuel economy demonstration.

  14. An assessment of the viability of storing FFTF sodium in tank cars

    SciTech Connect

    Young, M.W.; Burke, T.M.

    1995-01-27

    Current FFTF Transition Project plans call for construction of a Sodium Storage Facility to store the plant sodium until it is processed either as product or waste. This report evaluates an alternative concept which would store the sodium in rail tank cars. It is concluded that utilizing a simple facility for offloading the FFTF sodium to standard industrial tank cars is not technically viable. Mitigation of potential radioactive sodium spills requires that the offload facility incorporate many of the features of the sodium storage facility. With these mitigation features incorporated, there is no significant cost or schedule advantage for the option of storing the FFTF sodium in tank cars when compared to the currently planned SSF. In addition, it is believed that the tank car option results in higher risk to project success because of unknowns associated with technical, regulatory, and public perception issues. It is therefore recommended that the project proceed with definitive design of the SSF.

  15. New Find-a-Car App Brings Fuel Economy Right to Your Phone

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    With more car buyers than ever using the Internet to research their future vehicles, accessing information on fuel economy needs to be simple and convenient. To make searching easier on mobile...

  16. Apps for Vehicles: Why should I care what data is in my car and...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    1 October, 2012 - 14:18 Points: 0 You certainly don't have to care what data is in your car and most people are content to simply drive from one place to another. Some of us...

  17. Report on the 1. Techno Rally of small model cars driven by Stirling engines

    SciTech Connect

    Isshiki, N.; Hirata, M.; Fujii, I.; Masuno, M.

    1998-07-01

    The first speed contest of model cars driven by hand made Stirling engines was held in summer of 1997 in Tokyo under the name of The First Stirling Techno Rally sponsored by JSME and others. The body of cars were smaller than 60 cm in length and 30 cm in width to fit the test course and Stirling engines were non-pressurized hot air engine fueled by gas or solid fuel. On the race day, 103 cars were gathered from high schools, universities and companies, and the contest was successful1 in both technical and educational purposes. The top speed record was 4.25 second for 13 m run. In this paper the details of this contest are reported. The second techno rally will be held in November, 1998 at Honda's sub car test course.

  18. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 1975, cars were just over 80% of light vehicle production. From the early 1980s to 2005, light trucks were an increasing share of the light vehicles produced. The share of sport utility vehicles...

  19. Fact #647: November 1, 2010 Sales Shifting from Light Trucks to Cars

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    From 2005 to 2009 light vehicle sales have gradually shifted toward cars over light trucks. The graph below shows this trend broken down by the major manufacturers. This trend is more evident among...

  20. NE-23 List of California Sites NE-23 Hattie Car-well, SAN/NSQA...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    NE-23 Hattie Car-well, SANNSQA Division Attached for your information is the list of California sites we identified in our search of Manhattdn Engineer District records for the ...

  1. Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The median age of cars and trucks in the U.S. continued to grow in 2008. Due to the economic climate and high gasoline prices that summer, consumers held onto their vehicles longer and delayed new...

  2. The Ohio State University Wins Year One of North American EcoCAR...

    Energy Saver

    ... Virginia Tech and the University of Waterloo took second and third place respectively. Established by DOE and GM, and managed by Argonne National Laboratory, EcoCAR 3 is the latest ...

  3. Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at the Kentucky Speedway (NASA)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

  4. Winners for NREL's 24th Solar and Lithium Ion Car Races - News...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The batteries used in the competition are supplied by the DOE and teams purchase authorized solar panels, then design and build the rest of their cars themselves. Solar and lithium ...

  5. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. text version Media Coverage of the IMTS Event ...

  6. Fact #924: May 9, 1916 Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Twenty Percent of New Cars in 2015 Had Turbochargers File fotw924web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 923: May 2, 2016 Cylinder Deactivation was Used in More than a ...

  7. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Attendees list for the DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006. PDF icon wkshpstorageattendees.pdf ...

  8. Junior Solar Sprint - So.. You Want To Build A Model Solar Car

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Revised 8/23/01 So... You Want To Build A Model Solar Car 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS TOPIC PAGE SOLAR ENERGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Teacher Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Activity One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Activity Two . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  9. Usina Nova Uni o S A A car e lcool | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    o S A A car e lcool Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Nova Unio SA Acar e lcool Place: Serrana, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 14150-000 Product: Brazil based...

  10. Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Competitions National Finals Attending the National Finals 2016 Competition Results Middle School Round Robin Middle School Double Elimination Middle School Electric Car High School Round Robin High School Double Elimination Top Teams for 2016 Volunteers Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions News Media Contact Us WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building

  11. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Action items and discussion comments from the DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop on January 25, 2006. wkshp_storage_discussion.pdf (265.27 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop Agenda for the Hydrogen Delivery and Onboard Storage Analysis Workshop Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis Meeting Agenda

  12. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Attendees list for the DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006. wkshp_storage_attendees.pdf (163.35 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Final List of Attendees

  13. EV Everywhere: All-Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy EV Everywhere: All-Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars Find Electric Vehicle Models Vehicle Charging Saving Fuel & Vehicle Costs Electric Vehicle Stories Benefits of Electric Vehicles Electric Vehicle Basics Find the best electric car to meet your needs! Search for makes and models, learn about electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, find tax incentives, explore how an EV can save you money, and discover other benefits of EVs. EV Everywhere is a Clean Energy Grand

  14. How to be a Clean Energy Baller: Drive an Electric Car | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy to be a Clean Energy Baller: Drive an Electric Car How to be a Clean Energy Baller: Drive an Electric Car September 8, 2016 - 2:50pm Addthis Illustration by Sarah Harman, Energy Department Illustration by Sarah Harman, Energy Department Mike Mueller Senior Digital Content Strategist, EERE Communications Learn more about electric vehicles There's a new revolution going on that's redefining what coolness is. No longer is clean energy just for those who wear socks and sandals (which is

  15. Checking Your Car's 4000 Welds is Serious Business. Scientists Just Made

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    it Easier. | Department of Energy Checking Your Car's 4000 Welds is Serious Business. Scientists Just Made it Easier. Checking Your Car's 4000 Welds is Serious Business. Scientists Just Made it Easier. March 4, 2015 - 10:45am Addthis Robotic welding is vital to auto manufacturing, but double checking the welds is done by hand. Infrared technology promises to make it a whole lot easier. | Photo by Ripley Engineering used with permission. Robotic welding is vital to auto manufacturing, but

  16. FreedomCAR Advanced Traction Drive Motor Development Phase I

    SciTech Connect

    Ley, Josh; Lutz, Jon

    2006-09-01

    The overall objective of this program is to design and develop an advanced traction motor that will meet the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) 2010 goals and the traction motor technical targets. The motor specifications are given in Section 1.3. Other goals of the program include providing a cost study to ensure the motor can be developed within the cost targets needed for the automotive industry. The program has focused on using materials that are both high performance and low costs such that the performance can be met and cost targets are achieved. In addition, the motor technologies and machine design features must be compatible with high volume manufacturing and able to provide high reliability, efficiency, and ruggedness while simultaneously reducing weight and volume. Weight and volume reduction will become a major factor in reducing cost, material cost being the most significant part of manufacturing cost at high volume. Many motor technology categories have been considered in the past and present for traction drive applications, including: brushed direct current (DC), PM (PM) brushless dc (BLDC), alternating current (AC) induction, switched reluctance and synchronous reluctance machines. Of these machine technologies, PM BLDC has consistently demonstrated an advantage in terms of power density and efficiency. As rare earth magnet cost has declined, total cost may also be reduced over the other technologies. Of the many different configurations of PM BLDC machines, those which incorporate power production utilizing both magnetic torque as well as reluctance torque appear to have the most promise for traction applications. There are many different PM BLDC machine configurations which employ both of these torque producing mechanisms; however, most would fall into one of two categories--some use weaker magnets and rely more heavily on reluctance torque (reluctance-dominant PM machines), others use strong PMs and supplement with reluctance torque

  17. The framework convention on climate change a convention for sustainable energy development

    SciTech Connect

    Hassing, P.; Mendis, M.S.; Menezes, L.M.; Gowen, M.M.

    1996-12-31

    In 1992, over 165 countries signed the United Nation`s Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC). These countries have implicitly agreed to alter their `anthropogenic activities` that increase the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere and deplete the natural sinks for these same greenhouse gases. The energy sector is the major source of the primary anthropogenic GHGs, notably carbon dioxide and methane. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries presently account for the major share of GHG emissions from the energy sector. However, the developing countries are also rapidly increasing their contribution to global GHG emissions as a result of their growing consumption of fossil-based energy. Implementation of this global climate change convention, if seriously undertaken by the signatory countries, will necessitate changes in the energy mix and production processes in both the OECD and developing countries. International actions also will be needed to put the world on a sustainable energy path. By adoption of the FCCC, representatives of the world`s populations have indicated their desire to move toward such a path. The Conference of Parties to the Convention has just concluded its second meeting, at which the Parties endorsed a U.S. proposal that legally binding and enforceable emissions targets be adopted. It is clearly evident that the FCCC, as presently operating, cannot achieve the objective of stabilizing GHG concentrations in the atmosphere unless it adopts a major protocol to significantly reduce anthropogenic GHG emissions. As demonstrated here, a good starting point in determining the steps the Parties to the FCCC should take in designing a protocol is to remember that the primary source of anthropogenic GHG emissions is the consumption of fossil fuels and the future growth of GHG emissions will derive primarily from the ever-increasing demand for and consumption of these fuels.

  18. Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking The Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) provides for a global nuclear liability regime assuring prompt and equitable compensation in the event of certain nuclear incidents, and features the creation of an international fund to supplement the amount of compensation available for nuclear damage resulting from such incidents. Section 934 of the Energy Independence

  19. Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Practices in Indian Country | Department of Energy Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best Practices in Indian Country Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best Practices in Indian Country March 1, 2012 Las Vegas, Nevada Mandalay Bay Resort & Casino The Office of Indian Energy Tribal Leader Energy Forum on "Conventional Energy (Oil, Gas, and Coal) Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best

  20. The United States Ratifies The Convention On Supplementary Compensation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy The United States Ratifies The Convention On Supplementary Compensation The United States Ratifies The Convention On Supplementary Compensation May 21, 2008 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -Today the United States deposited its instrument of ratification for the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) with the Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The CSC is an international treaty developed to create a global legal

  1. ,"U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...www.eia.govdnavpetpetprirefmg2cnusepm0udpgalm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information ... Conventional Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Dollars per ...

  2. H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional Pathway Options Analysis Results - Interim Report H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and ...

  3. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  4. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

  5. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    - - - - 64.7 64.7 - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

  6. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  7. Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation on...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of 2007 DOE Notice of Inquiry on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) Contingent Cost Allocation - March 2, 2011 Meeting with CIGNL Exelon response

  8. Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent...

    Energy Saver

    the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. FR CSC NOPR (324.93 KB) More Documents & Publications Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking NOPR Fluor NOPR Exelon

  9. Current Status of the high enthalpy conventional geothermal fields...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Current Status of the high enthalpy conventional geothermal fields in Europe and the potential perspectives for their exploitation in terms of EGS Jump to: navigation, search...

  10. Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation Contingent...

    Energy Saver

    Compensation Contingent Cost Allocation Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation Contingent Cost Allocation DOE published a Notice of Inquiry in the Federal...

  11. Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah Michael Vanden Berg; Paul Anderson; Janae Wallace;...

  12. Agency for Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    agency responsible for identification, promotion and development of non-conventional energy sources. Coordinates: 8.50838, 76.94773 Show Map Loading map......

  13. Conventional Energy (Oil, Gas, and Coal) Forum & Associated Vertical...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    South, Las Vegas, NV 89119 The dynamic world of conventional energy (focusing on oil, gas and coal energy) is ... discoveries, new oil and gas production methods, associated research ...

  14. Low Cost Injection Mold Creation via Hybrid Additive and Conventional...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Low Cost Injection Mold Creation via Hybrid Additive and Conventional Manufacturing Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Low Cost Injection Mold Creation via Hybrid Additive ...

  15. Low Temperature Heat Release Behavior of Conventional and Alternative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Heat Release Behavior of Conventional and Alternative Fuels in a Motored Engine Low ... Kinetic Modeling of Fuels Fuel Modification t Facilitate Future Combustion ...

  16. Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Third National Report for the Joint ...

  17. Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Second National Report for the Joint ...

  18. Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fourth National Report for the Joint ...

  19. Experimental study of variations in background radiation and the effect on Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity

    SciTech Connect

    Church, J; Slaughter, D; Norman, E; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P

    2007-02-07

    Error rates in a cargo screening system such as the Nuclear Car Wash [1-7] depend on the standard deviation of the background radiation count rate. Because the Nuclear Car Wash is an active interrogation technique, the radiation signal for fissile material must be detected above a background count rate consisting of cosmic, ambient, and neutron-activated radiations. It was suggested previously [1,6] that the Corresponding negative repercussions for the sensitivity of the system were shown. Therefore, to assure the most accurate estimation of the variation, experiments have been performed to quantify components of the actual variance in the background count rate, including variations in generator power, irradiation time, and container contents. The background variance is determined by these experiments to be a factor of 2 smaller than values assumed in previous analyses, resulting in substantially improved projections of system performance for the Nuclear Car Wash.

  20. Femtosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy (CARS) As Next Generation Nonlinear LIDAR Spectroscopy and Microscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Ooi, C. H. Raymond

    2009-07-10

    Nonlinear spectroscopy using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering and femtosecond laser pulses has been successfully developed as powerful tools for chemical analysis and biological imaging. Recent developments show promising possibilities of incorporating CARS into LIDAR system for remote detection of molecular species in airborne particles. The corresponding theory is being developed to describe nonlinear scattering of a mesoscopic particle composed of complex molecules by laser pulses with arbitrary shape and spectral content. Microscopic many-body transform theory is used to compute the third order susceptibility for CARS in molecules with known absorption spectrum and vibrational modes. The theory is combined with an integral scattering formula and Mie-Lorentz formulae, giving a rigorous formalism which provides powerful numerical experimentation of CARS spectra, particularly on the variations with the laser parameters and the direction of detection.

  1. Students from Longmont’s Westview Triumph in Solar Car Race

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Longmont’s Westview Triumph in Solar Car Race For more information contact: George Douglas (303) 275-4096 cell phone: (303) 880-2913 Golden, Colo., May 17, 1997 -- Students from Longmont's Westview Middle School built the fastest solar car and won the 1997 Junior Solar Sprint at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) today. A team from Aragon Middle School in Fountain won top honors for design. Forty-five teams from across the state competed in the

  2. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Owner Satisfaction | Department of Energy 6 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction The annual owner-satisfaction survey from Consumer Reports in 2014 covered 350,000 vehicles from one to three years old. They asked subscribers if they would purchase the same vehicle again knowing what they know now. The respondents were asked to consider styling, comfort,

  3. EcoCAR 2 Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals EcoCAR 2 Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals May 20, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis The University of Washington team works on their vehicle while lifted on a hoist. Teams are working in a garage that is fully equipped with tools that will help them make the most of their time this week. | Photo courtesy of EcoCAR 2. The University of Washington team works on their vehicle while lifted on a hoist. Teams are working in a garage that is fully

  4. Effect of polariton propagation on spectra of SRS amplification and CARS from polaritons

    SciTech Connect

    Orlov, Sergei N; Polivanov, Yurii N

    2001-10-31

    The properties of k spectra of SRS amplification and CARS from polaritons caused by 'running out' of polaritons from the volume of their interaction with incident light beams are theoretically analysed. It is shown that the shape and width of the spectra depend on the relation between the size of the overlap region of exciting waves in a crystal along the direction of polariton propagation and the mean free path of polaritons. The conditions are found under which the widths of SRS amplification and CARS spectra give information on the polariton decay. (nonlinear optical phenomena and devices)

  5. From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life October 17, 2011 - 11:02am Addthis An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image

  6. Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS Candidate and Conventional

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes | Department of Energy Structural Controls of EGS Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes DOE Geothermal Peer Review

  7. Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Rulemaking Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking DOE made a presentation at the information session held on January 7, 2015. CSC Rulemaking Information Session Presentation (133.19 KB) More Documents & Publications NOPR NEI NOPR Fluor Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation

  8. Parametric Investigations of Non-Conventional Hall Thruster

    SciTech Connect

    Raitses, Y.; Fisch, N.J.

    2001-01-12

    Hall thrusters might better scale to low power with non-conventional geometry. A 9 cm cylindrical, ceramic-channel, Hall thruster with a cusp-type magnetic field distribution has been investigated. It exhibits discharge characteristics similar to conventional coaxial Hall thrusters, but does not expose as much channel surface. Significantly, its operation is not accompanied by large amplitude discharge low frequency oscillations.

  9. EM's Acting Assistant Secretary Selected to Lead Joint Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Joint Convention) selected David Huizenga, Acting Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management, as the President for the Fifth Review Meeting of the Parties.

  10. Expression of CAR in SW480 and HepG2 cells during G1 is associated with cell proliferation

    SciTech Connect

    Osabe, Makoto; Sugatani, Junko Takemura, Akiko; Yamazaki, Yasuhiro; Ikari, Akira; Kitamura, Naomi; Negishi, Masahiko; Miwa, Masao

    2008-05-16

    Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is a transcription factor to regulate the expression of several genes related to drug-metabolism. Here, we demonstrate that CAR protein accumulates during G1 in human SW480 and HepG2 cells. After the G1/S phase transition, CAR protein levels decreased, and CAR was hardly detected in cells by the late M phase. CAR expression in both cell lines was suppressed by RNA interference-mediated suppression of CDK4. Depletion of CAR by RNA interference in both cells and by hepatocyte growth factor treatment in HepG2 cells resulted in decreased MDM2 expression that led to p21 upregulation and repression of HepG2 cell growth. Thus, our results demonstrate that CAR expression is an early G1 event regulated by CDK4 that contributes to MDM2 expression; these findings suggest that CAR may influence the expression of genes involved in not only the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous substances but also in the cell proliferation.

  11. Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    to Western Europe and China | Department of Energy 1: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China In 2011, plug-in car sales in the U.S. were 0.28% of the U.S. car market, and grew to 0.44% of the U.S. car market in the first eight months of 2012. Western Europe has also increased their plug-in market share from 2011 to 2012. In China, however,

  12. Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy

    SciTech Connect

    Daniel Sperling

    2009-04-15

    April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

  13. Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy

    ScienceCinema

    Daniel Sperling

    2016-07-12

    April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

  14. Time-course comparison of xenobiotic activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} in mouse liver

    SciTech Connect

    Ross, Pamela K.; Woods, Courtney G.; Bradford, Blair U.; Kosyk, Oksana; Gatti, Daniel M.; Cunningham, Michael L.; Rusyn, Ivan

    2009-03-01

    Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR){alpha} are transcription factors known to be primary mediators of liver effects, including carcinogenesis, by phenobarbital-like compounds and peroxisome proliferators, respectively, in rodents. Many similarities exist in the phenotypes elicited by these two classes of agents in rodent liver, and we hypothesized that the initial transcriptional responses to the xenobiotic activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} will exhibit distinct patterns, but at later time-points these biological pathways will converge. In order to capture the global transcriptional changes that result from activation of these nuclear receptors over a time-course in the mouse liver, microarray technology was used. First, differences in basal expression of liver genes between C57Bl/6J wild-type and Car-null mice were examined and 14 significantly differentially expressed genes were identified. Next, mice were treated with phenobarbital (100 mg/kg by gavage for 24 h, or 0.085% w/w diet for 7 or 28 days), and liver gene expression changes with regards to both time and treatment were identified. While several pathways related to cellular proliferation and metabolism were affected by phenobarbital in wild-type mice, no significant changes in gene expression were found over time in the Car-nulls. Next, we determined commonalities and differences in the temporal response to phenobarbital and WY-14,643, a prototypical activator of PPAR {alpha}. Gene expression signatures from livers of wild-type mice C57Bl6/J mice treated with PB or WY-14,643 were compared. Similar pathways were affected by both compounds; however, considerable time-related differences were present. This study establishes common gene expression fingerprints of exposure to activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} in rodent liver and demonstrates that despite similar phenotypic changes, molecular pathways differ between classes of chemical carcinogens.

  15. Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... For example, the program is creating a database of Conventional Hydropower Technologies WIND AND WATER POWER PROGRAM C L E A N C I T I E S Grant County Public Utility District ...

  16. Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah Citation Details In-Document Search ...

  17. Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Water-re...

  18. Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation Contingent Cost Allocation

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE published a Notice of Inquiry in the Federal Register (75 Fed. Reg. 43,945) requesting public comment on issues related to the funding obligations under the Convention on Supplementary...

  19. H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Pathway Options Analysis Results - Interim Report | Department of Energy Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional Pathway Options Analysis Results - Interim Report H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional Pathway Options Analysis Results - Interim Report An in-depth comparative analysis of promising infrastructure options for hydrogen delivery and distribution to refueling stations from central, semi-central, and distributed production facilities.

  20. Defect Control of Conventional and Anomalous Electron Transport at Complex

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Oxide Interfaces (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Defect Control of Conventional and Anomalous Electron Transport at Complex Oxide Interfaces Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Defect Control of Conventional and Anomalous Electron Transport at Complex Oxide Interfaces Authors: Gunkel, F. ; Bell, Chris ; Inoue, Hisashi ; Kim, Bongju ; Swartz, Adrian G. ; Merz, Tyler A. ; Hikita, Yasuyuki ; Harashima, Satoshi ; Sato, Hiroki K. ; Minohara, Makoto ; Hoffmann-Eifert, Susanne ;

  1. Energy use and taxation policy in the New Zealand car fleet

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-02-01

    The report describes the composition of the New Zealand car fleet and the relationship between design factors, fleet composition, vehicle useage and fuel consumption. The indirect energy content of the vehicle and roadway are discussed. Existing and potential Government policy instruments for promoting fuel economy in the car fleet are discussed and evaluated. The report conclusions favor flat rate sales tax on vehicles regardless of engine size together with an appropriate level of petrol tax in preference to taxation that varies with vehicle size or engine capacity. A review of hire purchase regulations is proposed. Prior to publication of this report the Industries Development Commission Plan for the motor vehicle industry was released which proposes changes to the tariff, taxation and credit purchase regime applying to motor vehicles. These changes are summarized.

  2. NREL Supports Industry to Develop Computer-Aided Engineering Tools for Car

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Batteries - News Releases | NREL NREL Supports Industry to Develop Computer-Aided Engineering Tools for Car Batteries July 7, 2011 The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently awarded three industry teams, after a competitive procurement process, a total of $7 million for the development of computer-aided software design tools to help produce the next generation of electric drive vehicle (EDV) batteries. These projects support DOE's

  3. OSTIblog Articles in the DOE EcoCar 2 Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information EcoCar 2 Topic University of Tennessee Knoxville in DOE's .EDUconnections Spotlight by Kathy Chambers 04 Sep, 2012 in Science Communications 4266 EDU_UT.jpg University of Tennessee Knoxville in DOE's .EDUconnections Spotlight Read more about 4266 Science is always in the spotlight at the University of Tennessee Knoxville, a land-grant institution and the state's flagship research campus. Recent research might include searching for potential

  4. Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Science Bowl Coordinators Alumni Historical Information - National Finals National Science Bowl Logos Regional Competitions National Finals Volunteers Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions News Media Contact Us WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 E: Email Us 2013 Competition Results Middle School

  5. Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Science Bowl Coordinators Alumni Historical Information - National Finals National Science Bowl Logos Regional Competitions National Finals Volunteers Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions News Media Contact Us WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 E: Email Us 2014 Competition Results Middle School

  6. FINDING {eta} CAR ANALOGS IN NEARBY GALAXIES USING SPITZER. I. CANDIDATE SELECTION

    SciTech Connect

    Khan, Rubab; Stanek, K. Z.; Kochanek, C. S. E-mail: kstanek@astronomy.ohio-state.edu

    2013-04-10

    The late-stage evolution of the most massive stars such as {eta} Carinae is controlled by the effects of mass loss, which may be dominated by poorly understood eruptive mass ejections. Understanding this population is challenging because no true analogs of {eta} Car have been clearly identified in the Milky Way or other galaxies. We utilize Spitzer IRAC images of seven nearby ({approx}< 4 Mpc) galaxies to search for such analogs. We find 34 candidates with a flat or rising mid-IR spectral energy distributions toward longer mid-infrared wavelengths that emit >10{sup 5} L{sub Sun} in the IRAC bands (3.6 to 8.0 {mu}m) and are not known to be background sources. Based on our estimates for the expected number of background sources, we expect that follow-up observations will show that most of these candidates are not dust enshrouded massive stars, with an expectation of only 6 {+-} 6 surviving candidates. Since we would detect true analogs of {eta} Car for roughly 200 years post-eruption, this implies that the rate of eruptions like {eta} Car is less than the core-collapse supernova rate. It is possible, however, that every M > 40 M{sub Sun} star undergoes such eruptions given our initial results. In Paper II we will characterize the candidates through further analysis and follow-up observations, and there is no barrier to increasing the galaxy sample by an order of magnitude. The primary limitation of the present search is that Spitzer's resolution limits us to the shorter wavelength IRAC bands. With the James Webb Space Telescope, such surveys can be carried out at the far more optimal wavelengths of 10-30 {mu}m, allowing identification of {eta} Car analogs for millennia rather than centuries post-eruption.

  7. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership: Analysis Workshop | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Fuels Partnership: Analysis Workshop DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership: Analysis Workshop Presentation by Mark Paster for Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop. wkshp_storage_paster.pdf (48.64 KB) More Documents & Publications Agenda for the Hydrogen Delivery and Onboard Storage Analysis Workshop Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis Meeting Agenda Hydrogen Delivery Options and Issues

  8. Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars: Applied Engineering (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema

    Hopkins, Deb

    2016-07-12

    Summer Lecture Series 2004: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

  9. Cheaper catalyst may lower fuel costs for hydrogen-powered cars | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Cheaper catalyst may lower fuel costs for hydrogen-powered cars Wednesday, October 7, 2015 - 1:10pm NNSA Blog Sandia National Laboratories post-doctoral fellow Stan Chou demonstrates the reaction of more efficiently catalyzing hydrogen. In this simulation, the color is from dye excited by light and generating electrons for the catalyst molybdenum disulfide to evolve hydrogen. ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. -Sandia National Laboratories researchers seeking to make

  10. V474 Car: A RARE HALO RS CVn BINARY IN RETROGRADE GALACTIC ORBIT

    SciTech Connect

    Bubar, Eric J.; Mamajek, Eric E.; Jensen, Eric L. N.; Walter, Frederick M.

    2011-04-15

    We report the discovery that the star V474 Car is an extremely active, high velocity halo RS CVn system. The star was originally identified as a possible pre-main-sequence star in Carina, given its enhanced stellar activity, rapid rotation (10.3 days), enhanced Li, and absolute magnitude which places it above the main sequence (MS). However, its extreme radial velocity (264 km s{sup -1}) suggested that this system was unlike any previously known pre-MS system. Our detailed spectroscopic analysis of echelle spectra taken with the CTIO 4 m finds that V474 Car is both a spectroscopic binary with an orbital period similar to the photometric rotation period and metal-poor ([Fe/H] {approx_equal}-0.99). The star's Galactic orbit is extremely eccentric (e {approx_equal} 0.93) with a perigalacticon of only {approx}0.3 kpc of the Galactic center-and the eccentricity and smallness of its perigalacticon are surpassed by only {approx}0.05% of local F/G-type field stars. The observed characteristics are consistent with V474 Car being a high-velocity, metal-poor, tidally locked, chromospherically active binary, i.e., a halo RS CVn binary, and one of only a few such specimens known.

  11. DISCOVERY OF FAST, LARGE-AMPLITUDE OPTICAL VARIABILITY OF V648 Car (=SS73-17)

    SciTech Connect

    Angeloni, R.; Di Mille, F.; Ferreira Lopes, C. E.

    2012-09-01

    We report on the discovery of large-amplitude flickering from V648 Car (= SS73-17), a poorly studied object listed among the very few hard X-ray-emitting symbiotic stars. We performed millimagnitude precision optical photometry with the Swope Telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory, Chile, and found that V648 Car shows large U-band variability over timescales of minutes. To our knowledge, it exhibits some of the largest flickering of a symbiotic star ever reported. Our finding supports the hypothesis that symbiotic white dwarfs producing hard X-rays are predominantly powered by accretion, rather than quasi-steady nuclear burning, and have masses close to the Chandrasekhar limit. No significant periodicity is evident from the flickering light curve. The All Sky Automated Survey long-term V light curve suggests the presence of a tidally distorted giant accreting via Roche lobe overflow, and a binary period of {approx}520 days. On the basis of the outstanding physical properties of V648 Car as hinted at by its fast and long-term optical variability, as well as by its nature as a hard X-ray emitter, we therefore call for simultaneous follow-up observations in different bands, ideally combined with time-resolved optical spectroscopy.

  12. New developments in the processing of the non ferrous metal fraction of car scrap

    SciTech Connect

    Dalmijn, W.L.; Houwelingen, J.A. van

    1995-12-31

    The processing of scrap and scrap cars starts with size reduction by a hammermill, or shredder. After the liberation the magnetic fraction is removed. The remaining nonmagnetic fraction mixed with other materials is screened and each fraction is processed separately. The increased use of plastic has a negative effect on the recovery of metals and waste production. At Huron Valley, Belleville Michigan, USA, the non-ferrous fraction from 5 million obsolete cars per year, containing 200,000 tons of non-ferrous metal, is processed. Aluminium is recovered with a heavy medium separation process and concentrated with eddy current separators. The remaining heavy non-ferrous fraction is concentrated by a new combination of eddy current separation and image processing. After this separation process the zinc fraction is melted and refined and the copper, brass, stainless steel and other high-quality concentrates are sold to the secondary industries. The recycling of car scrap has become an important source of metals and materials for the secondary materials processing industry.

  13. A car-borne highly sensitive near-IR diode-laser methane detector

    SciTech Connect

    Berezin, A G; Ershov, Oleg V; Shapovalov, Yu P

    2003-08-31

    A highly sensitive automated car-borne detector for measuring methane concentration in real time is designed, developed and tested under laboratory and field conditions. Measurements were made with the help of an uncooled tunable near-IR 1.65-{mu}m laser diode. The detector consists of a multipass optical cell with a 45-m long optical path and a base length of 0.5 m. The car-borne detector is intended for monitoring the methane concentration in air from the moving car to reveal the leakage of domestic gas. The sensitivity limit (standard deviation) under field conditions is 1 ppm (20 ppb under laboratory conditions) for a measuring time of 0.4 s. The measuring technique based on the detection of a single methane line ensured a high selectivity of methane detector relative to other gases. The methane detector can be easily modified for measuring other simple-molecule gases (e.g., CO, CO{sub 2}, HF, NO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O) by replacing the diode laser and varying the parameters of the control program. (special issue devoted to the memory of academician a m prokhorov)

  14. Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Water Heating » Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:39pm Addthis Illustration showing the components of a storage water heater. On top of the tank are two thin pipes; one pipe is the hot water outlet, and the other is the cold water inlet. A large pipe in the middle is called a vent pipe. A pressure/temperature relief valve is also on top of the tank and is connected to an open pipe that runs down the side of the tank. Another

  15. Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels and Fuels Derived from Heavy Crude Sources

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs.

  16. Low Temperature Heat Release Behavior of Conventional and Alternative Fuels in a Motored Engine

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs.

  17. Fact #765: February 4, 2013 EPA's Top 10 Conventionally-Fueled Vehicles for Model Year 2013

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2013 model year, the Toyota Prius and smaller Prius c took the top spot with a combined average of 50 mpg. All vehicles making this list are hybrid vehicles, and six of the ten cars making...

  18. The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program- The Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

  19. Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Comparisons between CTL, GTL, no. 2, and European diesel include fuel economy, regulated and unregulated emissions in a 50 State compliant passenger car with DOC, NOx adsorber and particulate trap

  20. DOE FreedomCAR and vehicle technologies program advanced power electronic and electrical machines annual review report

    SciTech Connect

    Olszewski, Mitch

    2006-10-11

    This report is a summary of the Review Panel at the FY06 DOE FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Annual Review of Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machine (APEEM) research activities held on August 15-17, 2006.

  1. Japanese Ratify Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    "The Japanese ratification of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) marks an important milestone towards creating a global nuclear liability regime that will assure prompt and meaningful compensation in the event of a nuclear accident and will facilitate international cooperation on nuclear projects such as ongoing clean-up work at the Fukushima site."

  2. ,"Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)","New Mexico Conventional Gasoline Retail Sales by ...928.8,,587,12358.1,196,1145.9,128.8,497.8,,2030.3,,459.7,56.4,3.9,4678.6,764.1,9.3,1677.4,...

  3. Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner

    SciTech Connect

    Hancock, R.D.; Bertagnolli, K.E.; Lucht, R.P.

    1997-05-01

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy of diatomic nitrogen and hydrogen was used to measure flame temperatures in hydrogen/air flames produced using a nonpremixed, near-adiabatic, flat-flame Hencken burner. The CARS temperature measurements are compared with adiabatic flame temperatures calculated by the NASA-Lewis equilibrium code for equivalence ratios from 0.5--2.5. The nitrogen CARS temperatures are in excellent agreement with the equilibrium code calculations. Comparison of nitrogen CARS data and the equilibrium code calculations confirms that for sufficiently high flow rates the Hencken burner produces nearly adiabatic flames. Hydrogen CARS temperature measurements are compared to both nitrogen CARS temperature measurements and equilibrium code predictions in order to evaluate and improve the accuracy of hydrogen CARS as a temperature diagnostic tool. Hydrogen CARS temperatures for fuel-rich flames are on average 70 K ({approximately}3%) above the equilibrium code predictions and nitrogen CARS temperatures. The difference between temperatures measured using hydrogen and nitrogen CARS is probably due primarily to uncertainties in hydrogen linewidths and line-broadening mechanisms at these conditions.

  4. Car Following

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Capturing the Motion of the Ocean: Wave Energy Explained Capturing the Motion of the Ocean: Wave Energy Explained July 6, 2015 - 11:44am Addthis Energy Department-supported "Azura" wave energy converter is installed at a U.S. Navy test site in Hawaii. | Photo courtesy of Northwest Energy Innovations. Energy Department-supported "Azura" wave energy converter is installed at a U.S. Navy test site in Hawaii. | Photo courtesy of Northwest Energy Innovations. Matt

  5. CONVENTION ON SUPPLEMENTARY COMPENSATION NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy On December 10, 2014, DOE General Counsel Steven P. Croley signed a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR), which sets forth proposed regulations to establish the retrospective risk pooling program called for under section 934 of EISA. CSC NOPR (4.49 MB) More Documents & Publications Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking NEI Request for Extension of Public Comment Period DOE-HQ-201.... NOPR NEI

  6. CONVENTION ON SUPPLEMENTARY COMPENSATION NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy After a regulatory action has been completed, Executive Order 12866 requires agencies to identify the substantive changes between the draft submitted to Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) for review and the action subsequently announced, and to identify those changes made at the suggestions or recommendation of OIRA. CSC NOPR Compare (3.91 MB) More Documents & Publications CONVENTION ON SUPPLEMENTARY COMPENSATION NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING Changes

  7. Conventional armed forces in Europe: Technology scenario development

    SciTech Connect

    Houser, G.M.

    1990-07-01

    In January 1986, the Soviet Union's Mikhail Gorbachev proposed elimination of all nuclear weapons by the year 2000. In April of that year, Mr. Gorbachev proposed substantial reductions of conventional weapons in Europe, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ural Mountains, including reductions in operational-tactical nuclear weapons. In May 1986, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) responded with the Brussels Declaration on Conventional Arms Control,'' which indicated readiness to open East/West discussions on establishing a mandate for negotiating conventional arms control throughout Europe. The Group of 23,'' which met in Vienna beginning in February 1987, concluded the meeting in January 1989 with a mandate for the Conventional Armed Forced in Europe (CFE) negotiations. On 6 March 1989, CFE talks began, and these talks have continued through six rounds (as of April 1990). Although US President George Bush, on 30 May 1989, called for agreement within six months to a year, and the Malta meeting of December 1989 called for completion of a CFE agreement by the end of 1990, much remains to be negotiated. This report provides three types of information. First, treaty provisions brought to the table by both sides are compared. Second, on the basis of these provisions, problem areas for each of the provision elements are postulated and possible scenarios for resolving these problem areas are developed. Third, the scenarios are used as requirements for tasks assigned program elements for possible US implementation of a CFE treaty. As progress is achieved during the negotiations, this report could be updated, as necessary, in each of the areas to provide a continuing systematic basis for program implementation and technology development. 8 refs.

  8. Scientists challenge conventional wisdom to improve predictions of the

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    bootstrap current at the edge of fusion plasmas | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Scientists challenge conventional wisdom to improve predictions of the bootstrap current at the edge of fusion plasmas By John Greenwald May 3, 2016 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Simulation shows trapped electrons at left and passing electrons at right that are carried in the bootstrap current of a tokamak. Credit: Kwan Liu-Ma, University of California, Davis. Simulation shows trapped electrons at

  9. Scientists challenge conventional wisdom to improve predictions of the

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    bootstrap current at the edge of fusion plasmas | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Scientists challenge conventional wisdom to improve predictions of the bootstrap current at the edge of fusion plasmas By John Greenwald May 3, 2016 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Simulation shows trapped electrons at left and passing electrons at right that are carried in the bootstrap current of a tokamak. Credit: Kwan Liu-Ma, University of California, Davis. Simulation shows trapped electrons at

  10. ULEV potential of a DI/TCI diesel passenger car engine operated on dimethyl ether

    SciTech Connect

    Kapus, P.E.; Cartellieri, W.P.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes a feasibility test program on a 2 liter, 4 cylinder DI/TCI passenger car engine operated on the new alternative fuel Dimethyl Ether (DME) with the aim of demonstrating its potential of meeting ULEV (ultra low emission vehicle) emissions (0.2 g/mi NOx in the FTP 75 test cycle) when installed in a full size passenger car. Special attention is drawn to the fuel injection equipment (FIE) as well as combustion system requirements towards the reduction of NOx and combustion noise while keeping energetic fuel consumption at the level of he baseline DI/TCI diesel engine. FIE and combustion system parameters were optimized on the steady state dynamometer by variation of a number of parameters, such as rate of injection, number of nozzle holes, compression ratio, piston bowl shape and exhaust gas recirculation. The paper presents engine test results achieved with DME under various operating conditions and compares these results to those achieved with the diesel version of the same engine.The FTP 75 cycle results were projected from steady state engine maps using a vehicle simulation program taking into account vehicle data and road resistance data of a given vehicle.The cycle results are also compared to actual chassis dynamometer results achieved with the diesel version of the same engine installed in the same vehicle.the passenger car DI/TCI engine adapted for and operated on DME shows very promising results with respect to meeting ULEV NOx emissions without any soot emissions and without the need for a DENOX catalyst. DME fuel consumption on energy basis can be kept very close to the DI diesel value. An oxidation catalyst will be necessary to meet the stringent CO and HC ULEV emission limits.

  11. Potential benefits of solar reflective car shells: cooler cabins, fuel savings and emission reductions

    SciTech Connect

    Levinson, Ronnen; Pan, Heng; Ban-Weiss, George; Rosado, Pablo; Paolini, Riccardo; Akbari, Hashem

    2011-05-11

    Abstract: Vehicle thermal loads and air conditioning ancillary loads are strongly influenced by the absorption of solar energy. The adoption of solar reflective coatings for opaque surfaces of the vehicle shell can decrease the ?soak? temperature of the air in the cabin of a vehicle parked in the sun, potentially reducing the vehicle?s ancillary load and improving its fuel economy by permitting the use of a smaller air conditioner. An experimental comparison of otherwise identical black and silver compact sedans indicated that increasing the solar reflectance (?) of the car?s shell by about 0.5 lowered the soak temperature of breath-level air by about 5?6?C. Thermal analysis predicts that the air conditioning capacity required to cool the cabin air in the silver car to 25?C within 30min is 13percent less than that required in the black car. Assuming that potential reductions in AC capacity and engine ancillary load scale linearly with increase in shell solar reflectance, ADVISOR simulations of the SC03 driving cycle indicate that substituting a typical cool-colored shell (?=0.35) for a black shell (?=0.05) would reduce fuel consumption by 0.12L per 100km (1.1percent), increasing fuel economy by 0.10kmL?1 [0.24mpg] (1.1percent). It would also decrease carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2.7gkm?1 (1.1percent), nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions by 5.4mgkm?1 (0.44percent), carbon monoxide (CO) emissions by 17mgkm?1 (0.43percent), and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions by 4.1mgkm?1 (0.37percent). Selecting a typical white or silver shell (?=0.60) instead of a black shell would lower fuel consumption by 0.21L per 100km (1.9percent), raising fuel economy by 0.19kmL?1 [0.44mpg] (2.0percent). It would also decrease CO2 emissions by 4.9gkm?1 (1.9percent), NOx emissions by 9.9mgkm?1 (0.80percent), CO emissions by 31mgkm?1 (0.79percent), and HC emissions by 7.4mgkm?1 (0.67percent). Our simulations may underestimate emission reductions because emissions in standardized driving cycles are

  12. Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity in varying thicknesses of wood and steel cargo

    SciTech Connect

    Church, J; Slaughter, D; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P; Descalle, M; Hall, J; Manatt, D; Mauger, J; Norman, E; Petersen, D; Prussin, S

    2006-10-05

    The influence of incident neutron attenuation on signal strengths in the Nuclear Car Wash has been observed experimentally for both wood and steel-pipe mock cargos. Measured decay curves are presented for {beta}-delayed high-energy {gamma}-rays and thermalized neutrons following neutron-induced fission of HEU through varying irradiation lengths. Error rates are extracted for delayed-{gamma} and delayed-n signals integrated to 30 seconds, assuming Gaussian distributions for the active background. The extrapolation to a field system of 1 mA deuterium current and to a 5 kg sample size is discussed.

  13. Car/seat cabin ejection system for autonomous road vehicles | Princeton

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Lab Car/seat cabin ejection system for autonomous road vehicles The invention described is an effective solution to the known "Trolley Problem" of Ethics, when applied to autonomous vehicles. A solution that essentially eliminates the problem is proposed an, upon implementation, is expected to lift all skepticisms when it comes to the safe-for-all operation of autonomous vehicles, which are expected to become in the norm in the not so far future. No.: M-920

  14. In-Cylinder Imaging of Conventional and Advanced, Low-Temperature...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    In-Cylinder Imaging of Conventional and Advanced, Low-Temperature Diesel Combustion In-Cylinder Imaging of Conventional and Advanced, Low-Temperature Diesel Combustion 2005 Diesel ...

  15. High-resolution line-shape spectroscopy during a laser pulse based on Dual-Broad-Band-CARS interferometry

    SciTech Connect

    Vereschagin, Konstantin A; Vereschagin, Alexey K; Smirnov, Valery V; Stelmakh, O M; Fabelinskii, V I; Clauss, W; Klimenko, D N; Oschwald, M E-mail: Al_Vereshchagin@mail.r E-mail: stelmakh@kapella.gpi.r

    2006-07-31

    A high-resolution spectroscopic method is developed for recording Raman spectra of molecular transitions in transient objects during a laser pulse with a resolution of {approx}0.1 cm{sup -1}. The method is based on CARS spectroscopy using a Fabry-Perot interferometer for spectral analysis of the CARS signal and detecting a circular interferometric pattern on a two-dimensional multichannel photodetector. It is shown that the use of the Dual-Broad-Band-CARS configuration to obtain the CARS process provides the efficient averaging of the spectral-amplitude noise of the CARS signal generated by a laser pulse and, in combination with the angular integration of the two-dimensional interference pattern, considerably improves the quality of interferograms. The method was tested upon diagnostics of the transient oxygen-hydrogen flame where information on the shapes of spectral lines of the Q-branch of hydrogen molecules required for measuring temperature was simultaneously obtained and used. (special issue devoted to the 90th anniversary of a.m. prokhorov)

  16. Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014- Dataset

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014

  17. Model national implementing legislation for the chemical weapons convention

    SciTech Connect

    Tanzman, E.A.; Kellman, B.

    1995-12-31

    Good day. It is an honor to address this distinguished audience. I am grateful to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia for hosting this important gathering and to the staff of the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (PTS) for sponsoring it. I also want to express my gratitude to the DePaul University Human Rights Law Institute, the Merck Foundation, and Argonne National Laboratory for supporting my participation here. This workshop is an another excellent opportunity for all of us to learn from each other about how the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) can become a foundation of arms control in Africa and around the world. At this meeting I speak only for myself, neither for the government of the United States of America nor for any other institution. Today, I shall discuss model national implementing legislation under the CWC. Such implementing legislation is likely to be required in every State Party--not only to the few States Parties that will declare and destroy chemical weapons, but also to the many States Parties that have never had a chemical weapons programme. This new need for national measures to implement multilateral arms control agreements has generated unease due to a perception that implementation may be burdensome and at odds with existing national law. In 1993, concerns arose that the complexity of integrating the treaty with national law would cause each nation to implement the Convention without regard to what other nations were doing, thereby causing inconsistencies among States Parties in how the Convention would be carried but.

  18. Nucleic acid sequences encoding D1 and D1/D2 domains of human coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR)

    DOEpatents

    Freimuth, Paul I.

    2010-04-06

    The invention provides recombinant human CAR (coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor) polypeptides which bind adenovirus. Specifically, polypeptides corresponding to adenovirus binding domain D1 and the entire extracellular domain of human CAR protein comprising D1 and D2 are provided. In another aspect, the invention provides nucleic acid sequences encoding these domains and expression vectors for producing the domains and bacterial cells containing such vectors. The invention also includes an isolated fusion protein comprised of the D1 polypeptide fused to a polypeptide which facilitates folding of D1 when expressed in bacteria. The functional D1 domain finds application in a therapeutic method for treating a patient infected with a CAR D1-binding virus, and also in a method for identifying an antiviral compound which interferes with viral attachment. The invention also provides a method for specifically targeting a cell for infection by a virus which binds to D1.

  19. ISSUANCE 2015-07-23: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Ovens

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Ovens, Comment Period Extension

  20. Hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS temperature and oxygen measurements in the product gases of canonical flat flames

    SciTech Connect

    Kearney, Sean Patrick

    2014-12-31

    A hybrid fs/ps pure-rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) scheme is systematically evaluated over a wide range of flame conditions in the product gases of two canonical flat-flame burners. Near-transform-limited, broadband femtosecond pump and Stokes pulses impulsively prepare a rotational Raman coherence, which is later probed using a high-energy, frequency-narrow picosecond beam generated by the second-harmonic bandwidth compression scheme that has recently been demonstrated for rotational CARS generation in H2/air flat flames. The measured spectra are free of collision effects and nonresonant background and can be obtained on a single-shot basis at 1 kHz. The technique is evaluated for temperature/oxygen measurements in near-adiabatic H2/air flames stabilized on the Hencken burner for equivalence ratios of φ = 0.20–1.20. Thermometry is demonstrated in hydrocarbon/air products for φ = 0.75–3.14 in premixed C2H4/air flat flames on the McKenna burner. Reliable spectral fitting is demonstrated for both shot-averaged and single-laser-shot data using a simple phenomenological model. Measurement accuracy is benchmarked by comparison to adiabatic-equilibrium calculations for the H2/air flames, and by comparison with nanosecond CARS measurements for the C2H4/air flames. Quantitative accuracy comparable to nanosecond rotational CARS measurements is observed, while the observed precision in both the temperature and oxygen data is extraordinarily high, exceeding nanosecond CARS, and on par with the best published thermometric precision by femtosecond vibrational CARS in flames, and rotational femtosecond CARS at low temperature. Threshold levels of signal-to-noise ratio to achieve 1–2% precision in temperature and O2/N2 ratio are identified. Our results show that pure-rotational fs/ps CARS is a robust and quantitative tool when applied across a wide

  1. Hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS temperature and oxygen measurements in the product gases of canonical flat flames

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Kearney, Sean Patrick

    2014-12-31

    A hybrid fs/ps pure-rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) scheme is systematically evaluated over a wide range of flame conditions in the product gases of two canonical flat-flame burners. Near-transform-limited, broadband femtosecond pump and Stokes pulses impulsively prepare a rotational Raman coherence, which is later probed using a high-energy, frequency-narrow picosecond beam generated by the second-harmonic bandwidth compression scheme that has recently been demonstrated for rotational CARS generation in H2/air flat flames. The measured spectra are free of collision effects and nonresonant background and can be obtained on a single-shot basis at 1 kHz. The technique is evaluated for temperature/oxygenmore » measurements in near-adiabatic H2/air flames stabilized on the Hencken burner for equivalence ratios of φ = 0.20–1.20. Thermometry is demonstrated in hydrocarbon/air products for φ = 0.75–3.14 in premixed C2H4/air flat flames on the McKenna burner. Reliable spectral fitting is demonstrated for both shot-averaged and single-laser-shot data using a simple phenomenological model. Measurement accuracy is benchmarked by comparison to adiabatic-equilibrium calculations for the H2/air flames, and by comparison with nanosecond CARS measurements for the C2H4/air flames. Quantitative accuracy comparable to nanosecond rotational CARS measurements is observed, while the observed precision in both the temperature and oxygen data is extraordinarily high, exceeding nanosecond CARS, and on par with the best published thermometric precision by femtosecond vibrational CARS in flames, and rotational femtosecond CARS at low temperature. Threshold levels of signal-to-noise ratio to achieve 1–2% precision in temperature and O2/N2 ratio are identified. Our results show that pure-rotational fs/ps CARS is a robust and quantitative tool when applied across a wide range of flame conditions spanning lean H2/air combustion to fuel-rich sooting hydrocarbon

  2. CBTL Design Case Summary Conventional Feedstock Supply System - Woody

    SciTech Connect

    Christopher T. Wright; Erin M. Searcy

    2012-02-01

    A conventional woody feedstock design has been developed that represents supply system technologies, costs, and logistics that are achievable today for supplying woody biomass as a blendstock with coal for energy production. Efforts are made to identify bottlenecks and optimize the efficiency and capacities of this supply system, within the constraints and consideration of existing local feedstock supplies, equipment, and permitting requirements. The feedstock supply system logistics operations encompass all of the activities necessary to move woody biomass from the production location to the conversion reactor ready for blending and insertion. This supply system includes operations that are currently available such that costs and logistics are reasonable and reliable. The system modeled for this research project includes the use of the slash stream since it is a more conservative analysis and represents the material actually used in the experimental part of the project.

  3. CBTL Design Case Summary Conventional Feedstock Supply System - Herbaceous

    SciTech Connect

    Christopher T. Wright; Erin M. Searcy

    2012-02-01

    A conventional bale feedstock design has been established that represents supply system technologies, costs, and logistics that are achievable today for supplying herbaceous feedstocks as a blendstock with coal for energy production. Efforts are made to identify bottlenecks and optimize the efficiency and capacities of this supply system, within the constraints of existing local feedstock supplies, equipment, and permitting requirements. The feedstock supply system logistics operations encompass all of the activities necessary to move herbaceous biomass feedstock from the production location to the conversion reactor ready for blending and insertion. This supply system includes operations that are currently available such that costs and logistics are reasonable and reliable. The system modeled for this research project includes the uses of field-dried corn stover or switchgrass as a feedstock to annually supply an 800,000 DM ton conversion facility.

  4. Feasibility of Thermoelectrics for Waste Heat Recovery in Conventional Vehicles

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, K.; Thornton, M.

    2009-04-01

    Thermoelectric (TE) generators convert heat directly into electricity when a temperature gradient is applied across junctions of two dissimilar metals. The devices could increase the fuel economy of conventional vehicles by recapturing part of the waste heat from engine exhaust and generating electricity to power accessory loads. A simple vehicle and engine waste heat model showed that a Class 8 truck presents the least challenging requirements for TE system efficiency, mass, and cost; these trucks have a fairly high amount of exhaust waste heat, have low mass sensitivity, and travel many miles per year. These factors help maximize fuel savings and economic benefits. A driving/duty cycle analysis shows strong sensitivity of waste heat, and thus TE system electrical output, to vehicle speed and driving cycle. With a typical alternator, a TE system could allow electrification of 8%-15% of a Class 8 truck's accessories for 2%-3% fuel savings. More research should reduce system cost and improve economics.

  5. Model National Implementing Legislation for the Chemical Weapons Convention

    SciTech Connect

    Tanzman, E.A.; Kellman, B.

    1997-12-31

    It is an honor to address this distinguished audience. We are grateful to the Republique Gabonaise for hosting this important gathering and to the staff of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) for supporting it. This seminar is another excellent opportunity for all of us to learn from each other about how the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) can become a foundation of arms control in Africa and around the world. At this meeting we speak only for ourselves, neither for the government of the United States of America nor for any other institution. This paper discusses model national implementing legislation under the CWC. Every State Party likely must enact implementing legislation - not only the few States Parties that will declare and destroy chemical weapons, but also the many States Parties that have never had a chemical weapons programme.

  6. Use of a new microporous insulation in a sub car at Acme Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Harvey, H.; Gamble, F.C.; MacKenzie, I.B.

    1996-12-31

    Acme Steel Co. is a small integrated steel company headquartered in Riverdale IL., with its blast furnace and coke plant operations located in the city of Chicago. Rail transportation between the two plants is by Conrail with two crews assigned exclusively to Acme. The torpedo cars used for this service are specially reinforced, with 36 in. wheels and additional braking capability for safety on public rail tracks. Over a seven month period, microporous insulating panels 0.28 in. thick in No. 49 sub ladle saved an average 24 degrees in the iron on arrival at the BOF compared to the average for the rest of the fleet. The microporous insulation replaced 0.25 in. of compressed fiber panel.

  7. Suppression of chaotic vibrations in a nonlinear half-car model

    SciTech Connect

    Tusset, Ângelo Marcelo E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Piccirillo, Vinícius E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Janzen, Frederic Conrad E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Lenz, Wagner Barth E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Balthazar, José Manoel; Fonseca Brasil, Reyolando M. L. R. da

    2014-12-10

    The present work investigates the nonlinear response of a half-car model. The disturbances of the road are assumed to be sinusoidal. After constructing the bifurcation diagram, we using the 0-1 test for identify the chaotic motion. The principal objective of this study is to eliminate the chaotic behaviour of the chassis and reduce its vibration, and for this reason a control system for semi-active vehicle suspension with magnetorheological damper is proposed. The control mechanism is designed based on SDRE technique, where the control parameter is the voltage applied to the coil of the damper. Numerical results show that the proposed control method is effective in significantly reducing of the chassis vibration, increasing therefore, passenger comfort.

  8. Boron-Lined Multichamber and Conventional Neutron Proportional Counter Tests

    SciTech Connect

    Woodring, Mitchell L.; Ely, James H.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Stromswold, David C.

    2010-09-07

    Radiation portal monitors used for interdiction of illicit materials at borders include highly sensitive neutron detection systems. The main reason for having neutron detection capability is to detect fission neutrons from plutonium. The currently deployed radiation portal monitors (RPMs) from Ludlum and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) use neutron detectors based upon 3He-filled gas proportional counters, which are the most common large neutron detector. There is a declining supply of 3He in the world, and thus, methods to reduce the use of this gas in RPMs with minimal changes to the current system designs and sensitivity to cargo-borne neutrons are being investigated. Four technologies have been identified as being currently commercially available, potential alternative neutron detectors to replace the use of 3He in RPMs. These technologies are: 1) Boron trifluoride (BF3)-filled proportional counters, 2) Boron-lined proportional counters, 3) Lithium-loaded glass fibers, and 4) Coated non-scintillating plastic fibers. In addition, a few other companies have detector technologies that might be competitive in the near term as an alternative technology. Reported here are the results of tests of a boron-lined, multichamber proportional counter manufactured by LND, Inc. Also reported are results obtained with an earlier design of conventional, boron-lined, proportional counters from LND. This testing measured the required performance for neutron detection efficiency and gamma-ray rejection capabilities of the detectors.

  9. A Prescription for List-Mode Data Processing Conventions

    SciTech Connect

    Beddingfield, David H.; Swinhoe, Martyn Thomas; Huszti, Jozsef; Newell, Matthew R.

    2015-10-08

    There are a variety of algorithmic approaches available to process list-mode pulse streams to produce multiplicity histograms for subsequent analysis. In the development of the INCC v6.0 code to include the processing of this data format, we have noted inconsistencies in the “processed time” between the various approaches. The processed time, tp, is the time interval over which the recorded pulses are analyzed to construct multiplicity histograms. This is the time interval that is used to convert measured counts into count rates. The observed inconsistencies in tp impact the reported count rate information and the determination of the error-values associated with the derived singles, doubles, and triples counting rates. This issue is particularly important in low count-rate environments. In this report we will present a prescription for the processing of list-mode counting data that produces values that are both correct and consistent with traditional shift-register technologies. It is our objective to define conventions for list mode data processing to ensure that the results are physically valid and numerically aligned with the results from shift-register electronics.

  10. Supersymmetry Parameter Analysis: SPA Convention andProject

    SciTech Connect

    Aguilar-Saavedra, J.A.; Ali, A.; Allanach, B.C.; Arnowitt, R.; Baer, H.A.; Bagger, J.A.; Balazs, C.; Barger, V.; Barnett, M.; Bartl, A.; Battaglia, M.; Bechtle, P.; Belanger, G.; Belyaev, A.; Berger, E.L.; Blair, G.; Boos, E.; Carena, M.; Choi, S.Y.; Deppisch, F.; De Roeck, A.; /Lisbon, IST /DESY /Cambridge U., DAMTP /Texas A-M /Florida State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Argonne /Wisconsin U., Madison /LBL, Berkeley /Vienna U. /SLAC /Annecy, LAPTH /Michigan State U. /Royal Holloway, U. of London /SINP, Moscow /Fermilab /Chonbuk Natl. U. /CERN /Freiburg U. /Chile U., Catolica /Orsay, LAL

    2005-12-02

    High-precision analyses of supersymmetry parameters aim at reconstructing the fundamental supersymmetric theory and its breaking mechanism. A well defined theoretical framework is needed when higher-order corrections are included. We propose such a scheme, Supersymmetry Parameter Analysis SPA, based on a consistent set of conventions and input parameters. A repository for computer programs is provided which connect parameters in different schemes and relate the Lagrangian parameters to physical observables at LHC and high energy e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider experiments, i.e., masses, mixings, decay widths and production cross sections for supersymmetric particles. In addition, programs for calculating high-precision low energy observables, the density of cold dark matter (CDM) in the universe as well as the cross sections for CDM search experiments are included. The SPA scheme still requires extended efforts on both the theoretical and experimental side before data can be evaluated in the future at the level of the desired precision. We take here an initial step of testing the SPA scheme by applying the techniques involved to a specific supersymmetry reference point.

  11. Conventional engine technology. volume 3: comparisons and future potential

    SciTech Connect

    Dowdy, M.W.

    1981-12-01

    The status of five conventional automobile engine technologies was assessed and the future potential for increasing fuel economy and reducing exhaust emission was discussed, using the 1980 EPA California emisions standards as a comparative basis. By 1986, the fuel economy of a uniform charge Otto engine with a three-way catalyst is expected to increase 10%, while vehicles with lean burn (fast burn) engines should show a 20% fuel economy increase. Although vehicles with stratified-charge engines and rotary engines are expected to improve, their fuel economy will remain inferior to the other engine types. When adequate NO emissions control methods are implemented to meet the EPA requirements, vehicles with prechamber diesel engines are expected to yield a fuel economy advantage of about 15%. While successful introduction of direct injection diesel engine technology will provide a fuel savings of 30 to 35%, the planned regulation of exhaust particulates could seriously hinder this technology, because it is expected that only the smallest diesel engine vehicles could meet the proposed particulate requirements.

  12. Conventional engine technology. Volume III. Comparisons and future potential

    SciTech Connect

    Dowdey, M.W.

    1981-12-15

    The status of five conventional automobile engine technologies is assessed and the future potential for increasing fuel economy and reducing exhaust emissions is discussed, using the 1980 EPA California emissions standards as a comparative basis. By 1986, the fuel economy of a uniform charge Otto engine with a three-way catalyst is expected to increase 10%, while vehicles with lean burn (fast burn) engines should show a 20% fuel economy increase. Although vehicles with stratified-charge engines and rotary engines are expected to improve, their fuel economy will remain inferior to the other engine types. When adequate NO/sub x/ emissions control methods are implemented to meet the EPA requirements, vehicles with prechamber diesel engines are expected to yield a fuel economy advantage of about 15%. While successful introduction of direct injection diesel engine technology will provide a fuel savings of 30 to 35%, the planned regulation of exhaust particulates could seriously hinder this technology, because it is expected that only the smallest diesel engine vehicles could meet the proposed particulate requirements.

  13. Letter box line blackener for the HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid system

    DOEpatents

    Wysocki, Frederick J.; Nickel, George H.

    2006-07-18

    A blackener for letter box lines associated with a HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid television transmission where the blackener counts horizontal sync pulses contained in the HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid television transmission and determines when the HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid television transmission is in letter-box lines: if it is, then the blackener sends substitute black signal to an output; and if it is not, then the blackener sends the HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid television transmission to the output.

  14. Coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is expressed in lymphatic vessels in human skin and affects lymphatic endothelial cell function in vitro

    SciTech Connect

    Vigl, Benjamin; Zgraggen, Claudia; Rehman, Nadia; Banziger-Tobler, Nadia E.; Detmar, Michael; Halin, Cornelia

    2009-01-15

    Lymphatic vessels play an important role in tissue fluid homeostasis, intestinal fat absorption and immunosurveillance. Furthermore, they are involved in pathologic conditions, such as tumor cell metastasis and chronic inflammation. In comparison to blood vessels, the molecular phenotype of lymphatic vessels is less well characterized. Performing comparative gene expression analysis we have recently found that coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is significantly more highly expressed in cultured human, skin-derived lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), as compared to blood vascular endothelial cells. Here, we have confirmed these results at the protein level, using Western blot and FACS analysis. Immunofluorescence performed on human skin confirmed that CAR is expressed at detectable levels in lymphatic vessels, but not in blood vessels. To address the functional significance of CAR expression, we modulated CAR expression levels in cultured LECs in vitro by siRNA- and vector-based transfection approaches. Functional assays performed with the transfected cells revealed that CAR is involved in distinct cellular processes in LECs, such as cell adhesion, migration, tube formation and the control of vascular permeability. In contrast, no effect of CAR on LEC proliferation was observed. Overall, our data suggest that CAR stabilizes LEC-LEC interactions in the skin and may contribute to lymphatic vessel integrity.

  15. New topics in coherent anti-stokes raman scattering gas-phase diagnostics : femtosecond rotational CARS and electric-field measurements.

    SciTech Connect

    Lempert, Walter R.; Barnat, Edward V.; Kearney, Sean Patrick; Serrano, Justin Raymond

    2010-07-01

    We discuss two recent diagnostic-development efforts in our laboratory: femtosecond pure-rotational Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) for thermometry and species detection in nitrogen and air, and nanosecond vibrational CARS measurements of electric fields in air. Transient pure-rotational fs-CARS data show the evolution of the rotational Raman polarization in nitrogen and air over the first 20 ps after impulsive pump/Stokes excitation. The Raman-resonant signal strength at long time delays is large, and we additionally observe large time separation between the fs-CARS signatures of nitrogen and oxygen, so that the pure-rotational approach to fs-CARS has promise for simultaneous species and temperature measurements with suppressed nonresonant background. Nanosecond vibrational CARS of nitrogen for electric-field measurements is also demonstrated. In the presence of an electric field, a dipole is induced in the otherwise nonpolar nitrogen molecule, which can be probed with the introduction of strong collinear pump and Stokes fields, resulting in CARS signal radiation in the infrared. The electric-field diagnostic is demonstrated in air, where the strength of the coherent infrared emission and sensitivity our field measurements is quantified, and the scaling of the infrared signal with field strength is verified.

  16. Ash formation, deposition, corrosion, and erosion in conventional boilers

    SciTech Connect

    Benson, S.A.; Jones, M.L.

    1995-12-01

    The inorganic components (ash-forming species) associated with coals significantly affect boiler design, efficiency of operation, and lifetimes of boiler parts. During combustion in conventional pulverized fuel boilers, the inorganic components are transformed into inorganic gases, liquids, and solids. This partitioning depends upon the association of the inorganic components in the coal and combustion conditions. The inorganic components are associated as mineral grains and as organically associated elements, and these associations of inorganic components in the fuel directly influence their fate upon combustion. Combustion conditions, such as temperature and atmosphere, influence the volatility and the interaction of inorganic components during combustion and gas cooling, which influences the state and size composition distribution of the particulate and condensed ash species. The intermediate species are transported with the bulk gas flow through the combustion systems, during which time the gases and entrained ash are cooled. Deposition, corrosion, and erosion occur when the ash intermediate species are transported to the heat-transfer surface, react with the surface, accumulate, sinter, and develop strength. Research over the past decade has significantly advanced understanding of ash formation, deposition, corrosion, and erosion mechanisms. Many of the advances in understanding and predicting ash-related issues can be attributed to advanced analytical methods to determine the inorganic composition of fuels and the resulting ash materials. These new analytical techniques have been the key to elucidation of the mechanisms of ash formation and deposition. This information has been used to develop algorithms and computer models to predict the effects of ash on combustion system performance.

  17. Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane technical mixture regulates cell cycle and apoptosis genes through the activation of CAR and ERα in mouse livers

    SciTech Connect

    Kazantseva, Yuliya A.; Yarushkin, Andrei A.; Pustylnyak, Vladimir O.

    2013-09-01

    Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is a widely used organochlorine pesticide and a xenoestrogen that promotes rodent hepatomegaly and tumours. A recent study has shown significant correlation between DDT serum concentration and liver cancer incidence in humans, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We hypothesised that a mixture of DDT isomers could exert effects on the liver through pathways instead of classical ERs. The acute effects of a DDT mixture containing the two major isomers p,p′-DDT (85%) and o,p′-DDT (15%) on CAR and ERα receptors and their cell cycle and apoptosis target genes were studied in mouse livers. ChIP results demonstrated increased CAR and ERα recruitment to their specific target gene binding sites in response to the DDT mixture. The results of real-time RT-PCR were consistent with the ChIP data and demonstrated that the DDT was able to activate both CAR and ERα in mouse livers, leading to target gene transcriptional increases including Cyp2b10, Gadd45β, cMyc, Mdm2, Ccnd1, cFos and E2f1. Western blot analysis demonstrated increases in cell cycle progression proteins cMyc, Cyclin D1, CDK4 and E2f1 and anti-apoptosis proteins Mdm2 and Gadd45β. In addition, DDT exposure led to Rb phosphorylation. Increases in cell cycle progression and anti-apoptosis proteins were accompanied by a decrease in p53 content and its transcriptional activity. However, the DDT was unable to stimulate the β-catenin signalling pathway, which can play an important role in hepatocyte proliferation. Thus, our results indicate that DDT treatment may result in cell cycle progression and apoptosis inhibition through CAR- and ERα-mediated gene activation in mouse livers. These findings suggest that the proliferative and anti-apoptotic conditions induced by CAR and ERα activation may be important contributors to the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis as produced by DDT in rodent livers. - Highlights: • DDT activated both CAR and ERα and their cell

  18. OBSERVATIONS OF MOLECULAR OUTFLOW IN CAR 291.6-01.9

    SciTech Connect

    Saul, M.; Saul, L. E-mail: luke.saul@space.unibe.ch

    2012-01-20

    We report the first observations of a dense molecular gas nebula and bipolar outflow in Car 291.6-01.9, showing characteristics of an embedded young stellar object (YSO). Using the Mopra radio telescope near Coonabarabaran, Australia, we image the kinematic structure of several emission features to examine physical properties within a molecular clump of mass {approx}3.2 {+-} 0.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} M{sub Sun} in which a stellar cluster may be forming. Motivated by acquiring a more thorough understanding of star formation we ask what may have initiated collapse in the clump; observed outflow alignment is suggestive of {approx}1.0 pc distant massive star HD 308280 radiative-driven compression as a formation trigger for the dense core. An outflow derived age of <10{sup 6} years, together with significant C{sup 18}O and SO core depletion, support the case for the core as the host of an extremely YSO cluster.

  19. Observation of excited state charge transfer with fs/ps-CARS

    SciTech Connect

    Blom, Alex Jason

    2009-08-01

    Excited state charge transfer processes are studied using the fs/ps-CARS probe technique. This probe allows for multiplexed detection of Raman active vibrational modes. Systems studied include Michler's Ketone, Coumarin 120, 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene, and several others. The vibrational spectrum of the para di-substituted benzophenone Michler's Ketone in the first excited singlet state is studied for the first time. It is found that there are several vibrational modes indicative of structural changes of the excited molecule. A combined experimental and theoretical approach is used to study the simplest 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin, Coumarin 120. Vibrations observed in FTIR and spontaneous Raman spectra are assigned using density functional calculations and a continuum solvation model is used to predict how observed modes are affected upon inclusion of a solvent. The low frequency modes of the excited state charge transfer species 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene are studied in acetonitrile. Results are compared to previous work on this molecule in the fingerprint region. Finally, several partially completed projects and their implications are discussed. These include the two photon absorption of Coumarin 120, nanoconfinement in cyclodextrin cavities and sensitization of titania nanoparticles.

  20. Structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer in Si/Ge superlattices: A Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics study

    SciTech Connect

    Ji, Pengfei; Zhang, Yuwen; Yang, Mo

    2013-12-21

    The structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer process in Si/Ge superlattices are studied by analyzing the trajectories generated by the ab initio Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation. The radial distribution functions and mean square displacements are calculated and further discussions are made to explain and probe the structural changes relating to the heat transfer phenomenon. Furthermore, the vibrational density of states of the two layers (Si/Ge) are computed and plotted to analyze the contributions of phonons with different frequencies to the heat conduction. Coherent heat conduction of the low frequency phonons is found and their contributions to facilitate heat transfer are confirmed. The Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation outputs in the work show reasonable thermophysical results of the thermal energy transport process and shed light on the potential applications of treating the heat transfer in the superlattices of semiconductor materials from a quantum mechanical molecular dynamics simulation perspective.

  1. Owning and Driving a Car You Plug In Scott Wilson, Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Owning and Driving a Car You Plug In Scott Wilson, Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC US Patent and Trademark Office Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC www.evadc.org Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC www.evadc.org EVADC - Owners, Drivers, Builders of Electric Vehicles * Education of the public, promotion of EV's Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC www.evadc.org 2012 Nissan Leaf 36k miles 2016 Kia Soul EV 7k miles 2014

  2. Fall Protection Procedures for Sealing Bulk Waste Shipments by Rail Cars at Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Sites - 13509

    SciTech Connect

    Boyle, J.D.; Fort, E. Joseph; Lorenz, William; Mills, Andy

    2013-07-01

    Rail-cars loaded with radioactive materials must be closed and fastened to comply with United States Department of Transportation (DOT) requirements before they shipped. Securing waste shipments in a manner that meets these regulations typically results in the use of a sealable rail-car liner. Workers accessing the tops of the 2.74 m high rail-cars to seal and inspect liners for compliance prior to shipment may be exposed to a fall hazard. Relatively recent revisions to the Fall Protection requirements in the Safety and Health Requirements Manual (EM385-1-1, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) have necessitated modifications to the fall protection systems previously employed for rail-car loading at Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) sites. In response these projects have developed site-specific procedures to protect workers and maintain compliance with the improved fall protection regulations. (authors)

  3. Fact #708: January 2, 2012 Amenities, Safety and Emissions Equipment Make Up an Increasing Share of the Cost of a Car

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    While the overall price of a new car has not increased greatly from 1967 to 2010 when adjusted for inflation, the costs associated with added amenities like navigation, telematics, power seats and...

  4. Measuring long-run automobile fuel demand: Separate estimations of vehicle stock, mean intensity and distance driven per car per year

    SciTech Connect

    Johansson, O.; Schipper, L.

    1995-12-31

    We estimate long-run car fuel demand by separately estimating vehicle stock, mean fuel intensity, and distance driven (per car) as functions of income, fuel price, and other variables, on the basis of a new data set from 9 OECD countries. The major part of the estimated long-run price elasticity of fuel use seem to arise from changes in mean car intensity (fuel consumption per kilometer driven), while the biggest part of the estimated long-run income elasticity seem to arise from changes through the size of the vehicle stock. A taxation variable that reflects all taxes on car ownership and use, except fuel tax, is also found to be significant However, the effects of this variable, in the form of reduced fuel consumption per total amount of tax paid, are found to be much smaller compared to the effects of a fuel tax on fuel use.

  5. Opportunity to Plug Your Car Into the Electric Grid is Arriving

    SciTech Connect

    Griego, G.

    2010-06-01

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are hitting the U.S. market for the first time this year. Similar to hybrid electric vehicles, they feature a larger battery and plug-in charger that allows consumers to replace a portion of their fossil fuel by simply plugging their cars into standard 110-volt outlets at home or wherever outlets are available. If these vehicles become widely accepted, consumers and the environment will benefit, according to a computer modeling study by Xcel Energy and the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Researchers found that each PHEV would cut carbon dioxide emissions in half and save owners up to $450 in annual fuel costs and up to 240 gallons of gasoline. The study also looked at the impact of PHEVs on the electric grid in Colorado if used on a large scale. Integrating large numbers of these vehicles will depend on the adoption of smart-grid technology - adding digital elements to the electric power system to improve efficiency and enable more dynamic communication between consumers and producers of electricity. Using an intelligent monitoring system that keeps track of all electricity flowing in the system, a smart grid could enable optimal PHEV battery-charging much the same way it would enable users to manage their energy use in household appliances and factory processes to reduce energy costs. When a smart grid is implemented, consumers will have many low-cost opportunities to charge PHEVs at different times of the day. Plug-in vehicles could contribute electricity at peak times, such as summer evenings, while taking electricity from the grid at low-use times such as the middle of the night. Electricity rates could offer incentives for drivers to 'give back' electricity when it is most needed and to 'take' it when it is plentiful. The integration of PHEVs, solar arrays and wind turbines into the grid at larger scales will require a more modern electricity system. Technology already exists to allow customers to

  6. Canted Undulator Upgrade for GeoSoilEnviroCARS Sector 13 at the Advanced Photon Source

    SciTech Connect

    Sutton, Stephen

    2013-02-02

    Support for the beamline component of the canted undulator upgrade of Sector 13 (GeoSoilEnviroCARS; managed and operated by the University of Chicago) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS; Argonne National Laboratory) was received from three agencies (equally divided): NASA-SRLIDAP (now LARS), NSF-EAR-IF (ARRA) and DOE-Single Investigator Small Group (SISGR). The associated accelerator components (undulators, canted front end) were provided by the APS using DOE-ARRA funding. The intellectual merit of the research enabled by the upgrade lies in advancing our knowledge of the composition, structure and properties of earth materials; the processes they control; and the processes that produce them. The upgrade will facilitate scientific advances in the following areas: high pressure mineral physics and chemistry, non-crystalline and nano-crystalline materials at high pressure, chemistry of hydrothermal fluids, reactions at mineral-water interfaces, biogeochemistry, oxidation states of magmas, flow dynamics of fluids and solids, and cosmochemistry. The upgrade, allowing the microprobe to operate 100% of the time and the high pressure and surface scattering and spectroscopy instruments to receive beam time increases, will facilitate much more efficient use of the substantial investment in these instruments. The broad scientific community will benefit by the increase in the number of scientists who conduct cutting-edge research at GSECARS. The user program in stations 13ID-C (interface scattering) and 13ID-D (laser heated diamond anvil cell and large volume press) recommenced in June 2012. The operation of the 13ID-E microprobe station began in the Fall 2012 cycle (Oct.-Dec 2012). The upgraded canted beamlines double the amount of undulator beam time at Sector 13 and provide new capabilities including extended operations of the X-ray microprobe down to the sulfur K edge and enhanced brightness at high energy. The availability of the upgraded beamlines will advance the

  7. Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management | Department of Energy Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management This second National Report updates the first National Report published on May 3, 2003, under the terms of the Joint Convention on the

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: ampCNG Puts Conventional Fuels Out to

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Pasture with Renewable Natural Gas ampCNG Puts Conventional Fuels Out to Pasture with Renewable Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ampCNG Puts Conventional Fuels Out to Pasture with Renewable Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: ampCNG Puts Conventional Fuels Out to Pasture with Renewable Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ampCNG Puts Conventional Fuels Out to Pasture with Renewable Natural Gas on

  9. Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP) (Fact Sheet)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The US Department of Energy conducts research on conventional hydropower technologies to increase generation and improve existing means of generating hydroelectricity.

  10. oint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    oint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr...

  11. Comparison of Value Retention of Plug-in Vehicles and Conventional...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Other Numbers EVS29-5920356 Keywords battery electric vehicle, BEV, consumers, market, ... of their conventional and hybrid electric (HEV) counterparts by the National Automobile ...

  12. Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation, Section 934

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    LES comments in response to Notice of Inquiry on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation, Section 934

  13. Public Comment re NOI on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    ENERGYSOLUTIONS' Comment in Response to Notice of Inquiry, Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation -75 FR 43945

  14. DHA down-regulates phenobarbital-induced cytochrome P450 2B1 gene expression in rat primary hepatocytes by attenuating CAR translocation

    SciTech Connect

    Li, C.-C.; Lii, C.-K.; Liu, K.-L.; Yang, J.-J.; Chen, H.-W.

    2007-12-15

    The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays an important role in regulating the expression of detoxifying enzymes, including cytochrome P450 2B (CYP 2B). Phenobarbital (PB) induction of human CYP 2B6 and mouse CYP 2b10 has been shown to be mediated by CAR. Our previous study showed that PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression in rat primary hepatocytes is down-regulated by both n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); however, the mechanism for this down-regulation by DHA was previously unknown. The objective of the present study was to determine whether change in CAR translocation is involved in the down-regulation by n-6 and n-3 PUFAs of PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression in rat primary hepatocytes. We used 100 {mu}M arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and DHA to test this hypothesis. PB triggered the translocation of CAR from the cytosol into the nucleus in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner in our hepatocyte system, and the CAR distribution in rat primary hepatocytes was significantly affected by DHA. DHA treatment decreased PB-inducible accumulation of CAR in the nuclear fraction and increased it in the cytosolic fraction in a dose-dependent manner. The down-regulation of CYP 2B1 expression by DHA occurred in a dose-dependent manner, and a similar pattern was found for the nuclear accumulation of CAR. The results of immunoprecipitation showed a CAR/RXR heterodimer bound to nuclear receptor binding site 1 (NR-1) of the PB-responsive enhancer module (PBREM) of the CYP 2B1gene. The EMSA results showed that PB-induced CAR binding to NR-1 was attenuated by DHA. Taken together, these results suggest that attenuation of CAR translocation and decreased subsequent binding to NR-1 are involved in DHA's down-regulation of PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression.

  15. The R&D of the FreedomCAR Materials Program

    SciTech Connect

    Carpenter, Joseph A.; Daniels, Edward J.; Sklad, Philip S; Warren, Charles David; Smith, Mark T.

    2006-01-01

    Expanding world economic prosperity, probable peaking of conventional petroleum production capacity in the coming decades and climate concerns require efforts to increase the efficiency of the use of and to develop alternatives to, petroleum-based fuels used in automotive transportation. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) has been aggressively pursuing research and development (R&D) on both approaches for over ten years. This presentation will focus on the materials and manufacturing R&D aimed at lightweighting of the bodies and chassis of light-duty automotive vehicles such as autos, vans, pickup trucks, and SUVs.

  16. Mitsubishi iMiEV: An Electric Mini-Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    This fact sheet highlights the Mitsubishi iMiEV, an electric mini-car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's fast-charging research efforts, NREL engineers are conducting charge and discharge performance testing on the vehicle. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

  17. Employment impacts of selected solar and conventional energy systems: a framework for comparisons and preliminary findings

    SciTech Connect

    Smeltzer, K.K.

    1980-01-01

    Preliminary comprehensive analyses of quantitative and qualitative employment effects of selected solar and conventional energy systems are presented. It proposes a framework for analyzing the direct, indirect, induced, displacement, disposable income, and qualitative employment effects of alternative energy systems. The analyses examine current research findings on these effects for a variety of solar and conventional energy sources and compare expected employment impacts. In general, solar energy systems have higher direct and indirect employment requirements than do conventional energy systems. In addition, employment displaced from conventional sources and employment effects due to changes in consumers' disposable income are highly significant variables in net employment comparisons. Analyses of the size and location of projected energy developments suggest that dispersed solar energy systems have a more beneficial impact on host communities than do large conventional facilities, regardless of the relative magnitude of employment per unit of energy output.

  18. Design and development of Stirling engines for stationary power generation applications in the 500 to 3000 horsepower range

    SciTech Connect

    1980-02-01

    Initial work in a project on the design and development of Stirling engines for stationary integrated energy systems is reported. Information is included on a market assessment, design methodology, evaluation of engine thermodynamic performance, and preliminary system design. It is concluded that Stirling engines employing clean fossil fuels cannot compete with diesel engines. However, combustion technology exists for the successful burning of coal-derived fuels in a large stationary stirling engine. High thermal efficiency is predicted for such an engine and further development work is recommended. (LCL)

  19. ISSUANCE 2015-05-29: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Ovens, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Ovens, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

  20. Fuel consumption of freight trains hauled by diesel electric locomotives

    SciTech Connect

    Radford, R.W.

    1983-05-01

    The cost of railway diesel fuel has become an increasingly high proportion of railway operating expenses. The paper analyzes the generation and utilization of rail horsepower in freight train operations. The effects on fuel consumption of variations in several parameters including train consist, car weight, gradient, average speed, meet strategy, throttle control, locomotive axle arrangement, and train marshalling are examined. Estimates are made of the value, in terms of fuel cost, of weight reduction of freight cars and of selective train marshalling.

  1. Fact #880: July 6, 2015 Conventional Vehicle Energy Use: Where Does the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Go? - Dataset | Department of Energy 0: July 6, 2015 Conventional Vehicle Energy Use: Where Does the Energy Go? - Dataset Fact #880: July 6, 2015 Conventional Vehicle Energy Use: Where Does the Energy Go? - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Conventional Vehicle Energy Use: Where Does the Energy Go? fotw#880_web.xlsx (17.02 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #882: July 20, 2015 Hybrid Vehicle Energy Use: Where Does the Energy Go? - Dataset Fact #884: August 3, 2015

  2. 2014-02-06 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Cooking Products; Request for Information

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register request for information and notice of document availability regarding energy conservation standards for residential conventional cooking products, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on February 6, 2014.

  3. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    88.4 87.8 80.1 70.0 NA 72.6 See footnotes at end of table. 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 16 Energy Information Administration ...

  4. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5.7 5.9 4.4 12.9 NA 17.3 See footnotes at end of table. 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 18 Energy Information Administration ...

  5. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    87.4 86.9 78.3 68.5 W 70.8 See footnotes at end of table. 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 16 Energy Information Administration ...

  6. A comparative study of conventionally sintered and microwave sintered nickel zinc ferrite

    SciTech Connect

    Rani, Rekha; Juneja, J. K.; Raina, K. K.; Kotnala, R. K.; Prakash, Chandra

    2014-04-24

    For the present work, nickel zinc ferrite having compositional formula Ni{sub 0.8}Zn{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} was synthesized by conventional solid state method and sintered in conventional and microwave furnaces. Pellets were sintered with very short soaking time of 10 min at 1150 °C in microwave furnace whereas 4 hrs of soaking time was selected for conventional sintering at 1200 °C. Phase formation was confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis technique. Scanning electron micrographs were taken for microstructural study. Dielectric properties were studied as a function of temperature. To study magnetic behavior, M-H hysteresis loops were recorded for both samples. It is observed that microwave sintered sample could obtain comparable properties to the conventionally sintered one in lesser soaking time at lower sintering temperature.

  7. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0.1 18.7 See footnotes at end of table. 18 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade...

  8. EM Prepares Report for Convention on Safety of Spent Fuel and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The Convention was established in 2001 as the first instrument to directly address issues related to the safety of spent fuel and radioactive waste on a global scale. EM...

  9. Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Comments by International Group on Nuclear Liability (CIGNL), in response to U.S. Department of Energy Notice of Inquiry on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent...

  10. Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation on Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Comments by the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) on Convention on Supplementary Compensation on Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation; Section 934 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

  11. EM Prepares Report for Convention on Safety of Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste Management

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – EM supported DOE in its role as the lead technical agency to produce a report recently for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management.

  12. ISC Conventional Reading Rooms | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ISC Conventional Reading Rooms Integrated Support Center (ISC) ISC Home About Services Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Privacy Act Advisory Exemptions How to Submit a FOIA Request Fee Waiver and Reduction Criteria Electronic Reading Room ISC Conventional Reading Rooms Reference Links Privacy Act NEPA Documents Contact Information Integrated Support Center Roxanne Purucker U.S. Department of Energy 9800 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 P: (630) 252-2110 Kenneth Tarcza U.S. Department of Energy

  13. Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management | Department of Energy Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management This Fifth United States of America (U.S.) National Report updates the Fourth Report published in October 2011, under the terms of the Joint

  14. Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management | Department of Energy Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management This Fourth United States of America (U.S.) National Report updates the Third Report published in October 2008, under the terms of the

  15. Fact #817: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel Price Trends

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    from 2000 to 2013 | Department of Energy 7: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel Price Trends from 2000 to 2013 Fact #817: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel Price Trends from 2000 to 2013 Retail prices for most transportation fuels have been highly volatile over the past 13 years. The figure below shows quarterly price fluctuations for select fuel types from 2000 to 2013. Gasoline, diesel, propane, E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline), and B20 (20% biodiesel

  16. DOE Notice of Inquiry on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Nuclear Damage (CSC) Contingent Cost Allocation - March 2, 2011 Meeting with CIGNL | Department of Energy Inquiry on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) Contingent Cost Allocation - March 2, 2011 Meeting with CIGNL DOE Notice of Inquiry on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) Contingent Cost Allocation - March 2, 2011 Meeting with CIGNL On March 2, 2011, representatives of CIGNL met at the Forrestal Building with DOE

  17. Turbine Aeration Design Software for Mitigating Adverse Environmental Impacts Resulting From Conventional Hydropower Turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Gulliver, John S.

    2015-03-01

    Conventional hydropower turbine aeration test-bed for computational routines and software tools for improving environmental mitigation technologies for conventional hydropower systems. In achieving this goal, we have partnered with Alstom, a global leader in energy technology development and United States power generation, with additional funding from the Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment (IREE) and the College of Science and Engineering (CSE) at the UMN

  18. Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah Saline water disposal is one of the most pressing issues with regard to increasing

  19. Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management | Department of Energy Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management This Third United States National Report updates the second National Report published in October 2005, under the terms of the Joint

  20. Hydraulic Hybrid and Conventional Parcel Delivery Vehicles' Measured Laboratory Fuel Economy on Targeted Drive Cycles

    SciTech Connect

    Lammert, M. P.; Burton, J.; Sindler, P.; Duran, A.

    2014-10-01

    This research project compares laboratory-measured fuel economy of a medium-duty diesel powered hydraulic hybrid vehicle drivetrain to both a conventional diesel drivetrain and a conventional gasoline drivetrain in a typical commercial parcel delivery application. Vehicles in this study included a model year 2012 Freightliner P100H hybrid compared to a 2012 conventional gasoline P100 and a 2012 conventional diesel parcel delivery van of similar specifications. Drive cycle analysis of 484 days of hybrid parcel delivery van commercial operation from multiple vehicles was used to select three standard laboratory drive cycles as well as to create a custom representative cycle. These four cycles encompass and bracket the range of real world in-use data observed in Baltimore United Parcel Service operations. The NY Composite cycle, the City Suburban Heavy Vehicle Cycle cycle, and the California Air Resources Board Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck (HHDDT) cycle as well as a custom Baltimore parcel delivery cycle were tested at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory. Fuel consumption was measured and analyzed for all three vehicles. Vehicle laboratory results are compared on the basis of fuel economy. The hydraulic hybrid parcel delivery van demonstrated 19%-52% better fuel economy than the conventional diesel parcel delivery van and 30%-56% better fuel economy than the conventional gasoline parcel delivery van on cycles other than the highway-oriented HHDDT cycle.

  1. X-RAY EMISSION FROM THE DOUBLE-BINARY OB-STAR SYSTEM QZ CAR (HD 93206)

    SciTech Connect

    Parkin, E. R.; Naze, Y.; Rauw, G.; Broos, P. S.; Townsley, L. K.; Pittard, J. M.; Moffat, A. F. J.; Oskinova, L. M.; Waldron, W. L.

    2011-05-01

    X-ray observations of the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206) obtained with the Chandra X-ray Observatory over a period of roughly 2 years are presented. The respective orbits of systems A (O9.7 I+b2 v, P{sub A} = 21 days) and B (O8 III+o9 v, P{sub B} = 6 days) are reasonably well sampled by the observations, allowing the origin of the X-ray emission to be examined in detail. The X-ray spectra can be well fitted by an attenuated three-temperature thermal plasma model, characterized by cool, moderate, and hot plasma components at kT {approx_equal} 0.2, 0.7, and 2 keV, respectively, and a circumstellar absorption of {approx_equal}0.2 x 10{sup 22} cm{sup -2}. Although the hot plasma component could be indicating the presence of wind-wind collision shocks in the system, the model fluxes calculated from spectral fits, with an average value of {approx_equal}7 x 10{sup -13} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2}, do not show a clear correlation with the orbits of the two constituent binaries. A semi-analytical model of QZ Car reveals that a stable momentum balance may not be established in either system A or B. Yet, despite this, system B is expected to produce an observed X-ray flux well in excess of the observations. If one considers the wind of the O8 III star to be disrupted by mass transfer, the model and observations are in far better agreement, which lends support to the previous suggestion of mass transfer in the O8 III + o9 v binary. We conclude that the X-ray emission from QZ Car can be reasonably well accounted for by a combination of contributions mainly from the single stars and the mutual wind-wind collision between systems A and B.

  2. Structural aspects of the solvation shell of lysine and acetylated lysine: A Car-Parrinello and classical molecular dynamics investigation

    SciTech Connect

    Carnevale, V.; Raugei, S.

    2009-12-14

    Lysine acetylation is a post-translational modification, which modulates the affinity of protein-protein and/or protein-DNA complexes. Its crucial role as a switch in signaling pathways highlights the relevance of charged chemical groups in determining the interactions between water and biomolecules. A great effort has been recently devoted to assess the reliability of classical molecular dynamics simulations in describing the solvation properties of charged moieties. In the spirit of these investigations, we performed classical and Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations on lysine and acetylated-lysine in aqueous solution. A comparative analysis between the two computational schemes is presented with a focus on the first solvation shell of the charged groups. An accurate structural analysis unveils subtle, yet statistically significant, differences which are discussed in connection to the significant electronic density charge transfer occurring between the solute and the surrounding water molecules.

  3. National Academies-Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership. Third Report

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2011-06-09

    This report by the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program, Phase 3, is the third NRC review. The Phase 1 and Phase 2 reviews were issued in 2005 and 2008, respectively (NRC, 2005, 2008). The long-range goals of the Partnership focus on a transition to a highway transportation system that uses sustainable energy resources and reduces emissions, including net carbon emissions, on a life-cycle or well (source)-to-wheels basis (DOE, 2004). The Partnership focuses on precompetitive research and development (R&D) that can help to accelerate the emergence of technologies that can meet the long-range goals. • This review document is published by National Academies Press. You may (a) read the text for free on the National Academies Press web site, (b) download a free PDF after providing some identifying information, or (c) purchase a paperback copy of the book.

  4. Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Conventional Natural Gas Power Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Heath, G.; O'Donoughue, P.; Whitaker, M.

    2012-12-01

    This research provides a systematic review and harmonization of the life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of electricity generated from conventionally produced natural gas. We focus on estimates of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted in the life cycle of electricity generation from conventionally produced natural gas in combustion turbines (NGCT) and combined-cycle (NGCC) systems. A process we term "harmonization" was employed to align several common system performance parameters and assumptions to better allow for cross-study comparisons, with the goal of clarifying central tendency and reducing variability in estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. This presentation summarizes preliminary results.

  5. Comparison of conventional and novel quadrupole drift tube magnets inspired by Klaus Halbach

    SciTech Connect

    Feinberg, B.

    1995-02-01

    Quadrupole drift tube magnets for a heavy-ion linac provide a demanding application of magnet technology. A comparison is made of three different solutions to the problem of providing an adjustable high-field-strength quadrupole magnet in a small volume. A conventional tape-wound electromagnet quadrupole magnet (conventional) is compared with an adjustable permanent-magnet/iron quadrupole magnet (hybrid) and a laced permanent-magnet/iron/electromagnet (laced). Data is presented from magnets constructed for the SuperHILAC heavy-ion linear accelerator, and conclusions are drawn for various applications.

  6. Comparison between laser terahertz emission microscope and conventional methods for analysis of polycrystalline silicon solar cell

    SciTech Connect

    Nakanishi, Hidetoshi Ito, Akira; Takayama, Kazuhisa Kawayama, Iwao Murakami, Hironaru Tonouchi, Masayoshi

    2015-11-15

    A laser terahertz emission microscope (LTEM) can be used for noncontact inspection to detect the waveforms of photoinduced terahertz emissions from material devices. In this study, we experimentally compared the performance of LTEM with conventional analysis methods, e.g., electroluminescence (EL), photoluminescence (PL), and laser beam induced current (LBIC), as an inspection method for solar cells. The results showed that LTEM was more sensitive to the characteristics of the depletion layer of the polycrystalline solar cell compared with EL, PL, and LBIC and that it could be used as a complementary tool to the conventional analysis methods for a solar cell.

  7. Grande Ronde Basin Chinook Salmon Captive Brood and Conventional Supplementation Program, 2000 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Carmichael, Richard W.

    2003-03-01

    Endangered Species Permit Number 1011 (formerly Permit No. 973) authorizes ODFW to take listed spring chinook salmon juveniles from Catherine Creek (CC), Lostine River (LR) and Grande Ronde River (GR) for research and enhancement purposes. Modification 2 of this permit authorizes ODFW to take adults for spawning and the production and release of smolts for the Captive and Conventional broodstock programs. This report satisfies the requirement that an annual report be submitted. Herein we report on activities conducted and provide cursory data analyses for the Grande Ronde spring chinook salmon Captive and Conventional broodstock projects from 1 January-31 December 2000.

  8. NV Energy Solar Integration Study: Cycling and Movements of Conventional Generators for Balancing Services

    SciTech Connect

    Diao, Ruisheng; Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guo, Xinxin

    2011-07-01

    With an increasing penetration level of solar power in the southern Nevada system, the impact of solar on system operations needs to be carefully studied from various perspectives. Qualitatively, it is expected that the balancing requirements to compensate for solar power variability will be larger in magnitude; meanwhile, generators providing load following and regulation services will be moved up or down more frequently. One of the most important tasks is to quantitatively evaluate the cycling and movements of conventional generators with solar power at different penetration levels. This study is focused on developing effective methodologies for this goal and providing a basis for evaluating the wear and tear of the conventional generators

  9. DOE to Host Energy Sessions at 2016 Native American Indian Housing Convention

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2016 AMERIND Risk/Native American Indian Housing Council (NAIHC) Annual Convention & Tradeshow on May 8–11, in Oahu, Hawaii, is fast approaching. Through focused breakout sessions and informative exhibits, attendees will explore new and innovative strategies for addressing a variety of challenges related to workplace safety, housing management, human resources, and much more.

  10. Standards and conventions for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB)

    SciTech Connect

    Loftis, J.P.; Truett, L.F.; Shipe, P.C.; Faby, E.Z.; Fluker, J.; Grubb, J.W.; Hancock, B.R.; Ferguson, R.A.

    1995-02-28

    This document, prepared for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) Regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB), provides standards and conventions for the screens developed using ORACLE`s SQL*Menu, SQL*Forms, and SQL*Reportwriter; for the ORACLE keys; and for commenting ORACLE code. It also covers standards for database system transfers. The results of adherence to these standards and conventions by all developers at both geographically separated development sites, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and The Military Traffic Management Command`s Eastern Area (EA), will be a consistent appearance of ICDB to users, code that is easily maintained, and a system that will be quicker to develop and integrate. This final report of the Standards and Conventions contains general guidelines to be followed for the development of the ICDB user interface screens. Though additional ICDB user interface screens are being developed both at ORNL and EA, and existing screens may have fields added to or deleted from them, the standards and conventions presented in this document should remain unchanged.

  11. Conventional {delta}f-particle simulations of electromagnetic perturbations with finite elements

    SciTech Connect

    Mishchenko, Alexey; Hatzky, Roman; Koenies, Axel

    2004-12-01

    The possibility of electromagnetic particle-in-cell simulations with a conventional {delta}f approach is shown in slab geometry using finite elements. Both the ion-temperature-gradient driven mode and the shear Alfven wave are reproduced and benchmarked with the analytical linear dispersion relation. Particularly, the Alfven wave is simulated successfully at the limit k{sub perpendicular}{yields}0.

  12. Nuclear forward scattering vs. conventional Mossbauer studies of atomically tailored Eu-based materials.

    SciTech Connect

    Konjhodzic, A.; Adamczyk, A.; Hasan, Z.; Alp, E. E.; Sturhahn, W.; Zhao, J.; Carroll, J. J.; Vagizov, F.; Univ. of Philadelphia; Youngstown State Univ.

    2006-01-01

    With the decrease in size of devices, rapid characterization of nano-devices is an inevitable necessity. It is shown that Moessbauer spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation from the advanced photon source provides such a tool of investigation. Results are presented and compared for conventional Moessbauer and Nuclear Forward Scattering for {sup 151}Eu-doped magnesium sulfide as an example, especially at low concentrations.

  13. Guidelines for the verification and validation of expert system software and conventional software: Bibliography. Volume 8

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, L.A.; Hayes, J.E.; Mirsky, S.M.

    1995-03-01

    This volume contains all of the technical references found in Volumes 1-7 concerning the development of guidelines for the verification and validation of expert systems, knowledge-based systems, other AI systems, object-oriented systems, and conventional systems.

  14. Role of the nuclear xenobiotic receptors CAR and PXR in induction of cytochromes P450 by non-dioxinlike polychlorinated biphenyls in cultured rat hepatocytes

    SciTech Connect

    Gährs, Maike; Roos, Robert; Andersson, Patrik L.; Schrenk, Dieter

    2013-10-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are among the most ubiquitously detectable ‘persistent organic pollutants’. In contrast to ‘dioxinlike’ (DL) PCBs, less is known about the molecular mode of action of the larger group of the ‘non-dioxinlike’ (NDL) PCBs. Owing to the life-long exposure of the human population, a carcinogenic, i.e., tumor-promoting potency of NDL-PCBs has to be considered in human risk assessment. A major problem in risk assessment of NDL-PCBs is dioxin-like impurities that can occur in commercially available NDL-PCB standards. In the present study, we analyzed the induction of CYP2B1 and CYP3A1 in primary rat hepatocytes using a number of highly purified NDL-PCBs with various degrees of chlorination and substitution patterns. Induction of these enzymes is mediated by the nuclear xenobiotic receptors CAR (Constitutive androstane receptor) and PXR (Pregnane X receptor). For CYP2B1 induction, concentration–response analysis revealed a very narrow window of EC{sub 50} estimates, being in the range of 1–4 μM for PCBs 28 and 52, and between 0.4 and 1 μM for PCBs 101, 138, 153 and 180. CYP3A1 induction was less sensitive to NDL-PCBs, the most pronounced induction being achieved at 100 μM with the higher chlorinated congeners. Using okadaic acid and small interfering RNAs targeting CAR and PXR, we could demonstrate that CAR plays a major role and PXR a minor role in NDL-PCB-driven induction of CYPs, both effects showing no stringent structure–activity relationship. As the only obvious relevant determinant, the degree of chlorination was found to be positively correlated with the inducing potency of the congeners. - Highlights: • We analyzed six highly purified NDL-PCBs for CYP2B1 and CYP3A1 expression. • CAR plays a major, PXR a minor role in NDL-PCB-driven induction of CYPs. • The degree of chlorination seems to be the major parameter for the inducing potency. • There exists a competition between CAR and PXR. • Activated PXR

  15. Coordination and Hydrolysis of Plutonium Ions in Aqueous Solution using Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Free Energy Simulations

    SciTech Connect

    Odoh, Samuel O.; Bylaska, Eric J.; De Jong, Wibe A.

    2013-11-27

    Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations have been used to examine the hydration structures, coordination energetics and the first hydrolysis constants of Pu3+, Pu4+, PuO2+ and PuO22+ ions in aqueous solution at 300 K. The coordination numbers and structural properties of the first shell of these ions are in good agreement with available experimental estimates. The hexavalent PuO22+ species is coordinated to 5 aquo ligands while the pentavalent PuO2+ complex is coordinated to 4 aquo ligands. The Pu3+ and Pu4+ ions are both coordinated to 8 water molecules. The first hydrolysis constants obtained for Pu3+ and PuO22+ are 6.65 and 5.70 respectively, all within 0.3 pH units of the experimental values (6.90 and 5.50 respectively). The hydrolysis constant of Pu4+, 0.17, disagrees with the value of -0.60 in the most recent update of the Nuclear Energy Agency Thermochemical Database (NEA-TDB) but supports recent experimental findings. The hydrolysis constant of PuO2+, 9.51, supports the experimental results of Bennett et al. (Radiochim. Act. 1992, 56, 15). A correlation between the pKa of the first hydrolysis reaction and the effective charge of the plutonium center was found.

  16. U.S. DOE FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation Second Quarterly Report January - March 2003

    SciTech Connect

    Larry Zirker; James E. Francfort

    2003-05-01

    This report details the ongoing fleet evaluation of an oil bypass filter technology by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Eight full-size, four-cycle diesel-engine buses used to transport INEEL employees on various routes have been equipped with oil bypass filter systems from the PuraDYN Corporation. Because of the reported filtering (down to 0.1 microns) capability of bypass filter systems, the technology is intended to extend oil-drain intervals. To validate the extended usability of the oil, an oil analysis regime is used to monitor the presence of necessary additives in the oil, to detect undesirable contaminants and engine wear metals, and to evaluate the fitness of the oil for continued service. The eight buses have accumulated 101,000 miles to date and some preliminary results are reported. The INEEL light-duty vehicle fleet is also being evaluated to identify candidate vehicles for inclusion in the test fleet.

  17. FreedomCAR and vehicle technologies heavy vehicle program FY 2006. Benefits analysis : methodology and results - final report.

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, M.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering, Inc.

    2006-01-31

    This report describes the approach to estimating benefits and the analysis results for the Heavy Vehicle Technologies activities of the Freedom Car and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program of EERE. The scope of the effort includes: (1) Characterizing baseline and advanced technology vehicles for Class 3-6 and Class 7 and 8 trucks, (2) Identification of technology goals associated with the DOE EERE programs, (3) Estimating the market potential of technologies that improve fuel efficiency and/or use alternative fuels, (4) Determining the petroleum and greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with the advanced technologies. In FY 05 the Heavy Vehicles program activity expanded its technical involvement to more broadly address various sources of energy loss as compared to focusing more narrowly on engine efficiency and alternative fuels. This broadening of focus has continued in the activities planned for FY 06. These changes are the result of a planning effort that occurred during FY 04 and 05. (Ref. 1) This narrative describes characteristics of the heavy truck market as they relate to the analysis, a description of the analysis methodology (including a discussion of the models used to estimate market potential and benefits), and a presentation of the benefits estimated as a result of the adoption of the advanced technologies. These benefits estimates, along with market penetrations and other results, are then modeled as part of the EERE-wide integrated analysis to provide final benefit estimates reported in the FY06 Budget Request.

  18. Freedom car and vehicle technologies heavy vehicle program : FY 2007 benefits analysis, methodology and results -- final report.

    SciTech Connect

    SIngh, M.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering

    2008-02-29

    This report describes the approach to estimating the benefits and analysis results for the Heavy Vehicle Technologies activities of the FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program of EERE. The scope of the effort includes: (1) Characterizing baseline and advanced technology vehicles for Class 3-6 and Class 7 and 8 trucks, (2) Identifying technology goals associated with the DOE EERE programs, (3) Estimating the market potential of technologies that improve fuel efficiency and/or use alternative fuels, (4) Determining the petroleum and greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with the advanced technologies. In FY 05 the Heavy Vehicles program activity expanded its technical involvement to more broadly address various sources of energy loss as compared to focusing more narrowly on engine efficiency and alternative fuels. This broadening of focus has continued in subsequent activities. These changes are the result of a planning effort that occurred during FY 04 and 05. (Ref. 1) This narrative describes characteristics of the heavy truck market as they relate to the analysis, a description of the analysis methodology (including a discussion of the models used to estimate market potential and benefits), and a presentation of the benefits estimated as a result of the adoption of the advanced technologies. The market penetrations are used as part of the EERE-wide integrated analysis to provide final benefit estimates reported in the FY07 Budget Request. The energy savings models are utilized by the FCVT program for internal project management purposes.

  19. Assessment of NHTSA’s Report “Relationships Between Fatality Risk, Mass, and Footprint in Model Year 2000-2007 Passenger Cars and LTVs”

    SciTech Connect

    Wenzel, Tom

    2012-08-01

    NHTSA recently completed a logistic regression analysis updating its 2003 and 2010 studies of the relationship between vehicle mass and US fatality risk per vehicle mile traveled (VMT). The new study updates the previous analyses in several ways: updated FARS data from 2002 to 2008 for MY00 to MY07 vehicles are used; induced exposure data from police reported crashes in several additional states are added; a new vehicle category for car-based crossover utility vehicles (CUVs) and minivans is created; crashes with other light-duty vehicles are divided into two groups based on the crash partner vehicle’s weight, and a category for all other fatal crashes is added; and new control variables for new safety technologies and designs, such as electronic stability controls (ESC), side airbags, and methods to meet voluntary agreement to improve light truck compatibility with cars, are included.

  20. Benefit-Cost Evaluation of U.S. DOE Investment in Energy Storage Technologies for Hybrid and Electric Cars and Trucks

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    December 2013 Benefit-Cost Evaluation of U.S. DOE Investment in Energy Storage Technologies for Hybrid and Electric Cars and Trucks Final Report Prepared for Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 Prepared by Albert N. Link Alan C. O'Connor Troy J. Scott Sara E. Casey Ross J. Loomis J. Lynn Davis RTI International 3040 Cornwallis Road Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 RTI Project Number 0213238

  1. Gasoline-fueled hybrid vs. conventional vehicle emissions and fuel economy.

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, J.; Bharathan, D.; He, J.; Plotkin, S.; Santini, D.; Vyas, A.

    1999-06-18

    This paper addresses the relative fuel economy and emissions behavior, both measured and modeled, of technically comparable, contemporary hybrid and conventional vehicles fueled by gasoline, in terms of different driving cycles. Criteria pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides) are discussed, and the potential emissions benefits of designing hybrids for grid connection are briefly considered. In 1997, Toyota estimated that their grid-independent hybrid vehicle would obtain twice the fuel economy of a comparable conventional vehicle on the Japan 10/15 mode driving cycle. This initial result, as well as the fuel economy level (66 mpg), made its way into the U.S. press. Criteria emissions amounting to one-tenth of Japanese standards were cited, and some have interpreted these results to suggest that the grid-independent hybrid can reduce criteria emissions in the U.S. more sharply than can a conventional gasoline vehicle. This paper shows that the potential of contemporary grid-independent hybrid vehicle technology for reducing emissions and fuel consumption under U.S. driving conditions is less than some have inferred. The importance (and difficulty) of doing test and model assessments with comparable driving cycles, comparable emissions control technology, and comparable performance capabilities is emphasized. Compared with comparable-technology conventional vehicles, grid-independent hybrids appear to have no clear criteria pollutant benefits (or disbenefits). (Such benefits are clearly possible with grid-connectable hybrids operating in zero emissions mode.) However, significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (i.e., fuel consumption) are possible with hybrid vehicles when they are used to best advantage.

  2. 2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Conventional Cooking Products; Supplementary Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register Supplementary Notice of Proposed Rulemaking regarding test procedures for conventional cooking products, as issued by the Deputy Asisstant Secretary for Energy Efficiency. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  3. Quantifying the Operational Benefits of Conventional and Advanced Pumped Storage Hydro on Reliability and Efficiency: Preprint

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    08GO28308 Quantifying the Operational Benefits of Conventional and Advanced Pumped Storage Hydro on Reliability and Efficiency Preprint I. Krad and E. Ela National Renewable Energy Laboratory V. Koritarov Argonne National Laboratory To be presented at the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting National Harbor, Maryland July 27-31, 2014 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5D00-60806 July 2014 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC

  4. Fact #872: May 11, 2015 Study Finds More than 60% of Millennials and Generation Xers Use the Internet to Find a Car Dealer While Less than Half of Baby Boomers Did – Dataset

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file and dataset for Study Finds More than 60% of Millennials and Generation Xers Use the Internet to Find a Car Dealer While Less than Half of Baby Boomers Did

  5. CARS study of linewidths of the Q-branch of hydrogen molecules at high temperatures in a pulsed high-pressure H{sub 2}-O{sub 2} combustion chamber

    SciTech Connect

    Vereschagin, Konstantin A; Vereschagin, Alexey K; Smirnov, Valery V; Stelmakh, O M; Fabelinskii, V I; Clauss, W; Klimenko, D N; Oschwald, M

    2005-03-31

    The results of measurements of individual line widths of the Q-branch of a hydrogen molecule and the corresponding coefficients of broadening caused by collisions with water molecules at T = 2700 K in a repetitively pulsed high-pressure (50-200 atm) hydrogen-oxygen combustion chamber are presented. CARS spectra of individual Q{sub 1}-Q{sub 7} hydrogen lines, pressure pulses, and the broadband CARS spectra of the entire Q-branch of hydrogen are recorded simultaneously during a single laser pulse. The shape of line profiles was analysed using a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The temperature in the volume being probed was determined from the 'broadband' CARS spectra. The entire body of the experimental results gives information on the spectral linewidths, temperature and pressure in the combustion chamber during CARS probing. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  6. Cooperative Mmonitoring Center Occasional Paper/5: Propspects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Amit; Kamal, Nazir

    1998-11-01

    The intensely adversarial relationship between India and Pakistan is marked by military rivalry, mutual distrust, and suspicion. The most dividing disagreement has been over the Kashmir region. An inability to discuss the Kashmir issue has prevented discussion on other important issues. Since there is little prospect of detente, at least in the near-term, the question is whether this rivalry can be contained by other means, such as arms control approaches. Conventional arms control has been applied flexibly and successfully in some regions to reduce threat-perceptions and achieve reassuring military stability. Some lessons from other international models might be applied to the India/Pakistan context. This paper discusses the status of conventional arms control in South Asia, the dominant Indian and Pakistani perceptions about arms control, the benefits that could be derived from arms control, as well as the problems and prospects of arms control. It also discusses existing conventional arms control agreements at the regional and global levels as well as the potential role of cooperative monitoring technology.

  7. Technical Site Information: Planning group of the Directorate and Conventional Construction Division

    SciTech Connect

    1993-11-01

    This document presents the technical site information for the Superconducting Super Collider project. The Ellis County, Texas site was selected by the Department of Energy in 1989. After assembling the initial staff at temporary facilities in Dallas, the SSC Laboratory began site-specific design work. The resulting design for the SSC accelerators, experimental areas, and laboratory facilities were described in the Site-Specific Conceptual Design Report of July 1990. Since then, design specifications for the technical components and conventional facilities have been formulated. In fact, a very significant amount of surface and underground construction has been initiated and many buildings have been completed. Testing of prototypes for most technical components is advanced. The construction phase of the SSC project is approximately 20% complete. At this time, it is appropriate to capture the conventional design work which has taken place since 1990. This documents records regional and physical information used in site studies, summarizes the site studies for conventional facilities, and presents site layouts for buildings and utilities as they would have been at the end of the construction project. As such, this documents summarizes and complements the work of many groups in the SSC laboratory, the Texas National Research Laboratory Commission (TNRLC), and several subcontractors to the SSC project. The document contains extensive references to their work contained in other drafts and final reports. In particular, it borrows heavily from the Site Development Plan (released in draft form in January, 1992) which has, to date, guided aspects of site development.

  8. Global Harmonization of Quality Assurance Naming Conventions in Radiation Therapy Clinical Trials

    SciTech Connect

    Melidis, Christos; Bosch, Walther R.; Izewska, Joanna; Fidarova, Elena; Zubizarreta, Eduardo; Ulin, Kenneth; Ishikura, Satoshi; Followill, David; Galvin, James; Haworth, Annette; Besuijen, Deidre; Clark, Clark H.; Miles, Elizabeth; Aird, Edwin; and others

    2014-12-01

    Purpose: To review the various radiation therapy quality assurance (RTQA) procedures used by the Global Clinical Trials RTQA Harmonization Group (GHG) steering committee members and present the harmonized RTQA naming conventions by amalgamating procedures with similar objectives. Methods and Materials: A survey of the GHG steering committee members' RTQA procedures, their goals, and naming conventions was conducted. The RTQA procedures were classified as baseline, preaccrual, and prospective/retrospective data capture and analysis. After all the procedures were accumulated and described, extensive discussions took place to come to harmonized RTQA procedures and names. Results: The RTQA procedures implemented within a trial by the GHG steering committee members vary in quantity, timing, name, and compliance criteria. The procedures of each member are based on perceived chances of noncompliance, so that the quality of radiation therapy planning and treatment does not negatively influence the trial measured outcomes. A comparison of these procedures demonstrated similarities among the goals of the various methods, but the naming given to each differed. After thorough discussions, the GHG steering committee members amalgamated the 27 RTQA procedures to 10 harmonized ones with corresponding names: facility questionnaire, beam output audit, benchmark case, dummy run, complex treatment dosimetry check, virtual phantom, individual case review, review of patients' treatment records, and protocol compliance and dosimetry site visit. Conclusions: Harmonized RTQA harmonized naming conventions, which can be used in all future clinical trials involving radiation therapy, have been established. Harmonized procedures will facilitate future intergroup trial collaboration and help to ensure comparable RTQA between international trials, which enables meta-analyses and reduces RTQA workload for intergroup studies.

  9. Reduction of worldwide plutonium inventories using conventional reactors and advanced fuels: A systems study

    SciTech Connect

    Krakowski, R.A.; Bathke, C.G.; Chodak, P. III

    1997-09-01

    The potential for reducing plutonium inventories in the civilian nuclear fuel cycle through recycle in LWRs of a variety of mixed-oxide forms is examined by means of a cost-based plutonium-flow systems model that includes an approximate measure of proliferation risk. The impact of plutonium recycle in a number of forms is examined, including the introduction of nonfertile fuels into conventional (LWR) reactors to reduce net plutonium generation, to increase plutonium burnup, and to reduce exo-reactor plutonium inventories.

  10. An entry-level conventional radar-driven rocket anti-satellite

    SciTech Connect

    Canavan, G.H.

    1993-11-01

    Simple anti-satellites (ASATs) can be based on current, conventional technology available to most countries today. ASATs based on radar-guidance could release pellets in front of a satellite to destroy it or consume its maneuver fuel. The relationship between satellite mass and area is fixed, as is that with altitude. Sensor satellites should be large and high; non-sensor satellites should be small. The optimized radar powers and areas and ASAT masses are in the range of components now in commerce, which suggests that they could be developed and used soon.

  11. SPACE PROPULSION SYSTEM PHASED-MISSION PROBABILITY ANALYSIS USING CONVENTIONAL PRA METHODS

    SciTech Connect

    Curtis Smith; James Knudsen

    2006-05-01

    As part of a series of papers on the topic of advance probabilistic methods, a benchmark phased-mission problem has been suggested. This problem consists of modeling a space mission using an ion propulsion system, where the mission consists of seven mission phases. The mission requires that the propulsion operate for several phases, where the configuration changes as a function of phase. The ion propulsion system itself consists of five thruster assemblies and a single propellant supply, where each thruster assembly has one propulsion power unit and two ion engines. In this paper, we evaluate the probability of mission failure using the conventional methodology of event tree/fault tree analysis. The event tree and fault trees are developed and analyzed using Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE). While the benchmark problem is nominally a "dynamic" problem, in our analysis the mission phases are modeled in a single event tree to show the progression from one phase to the next. The propulsion system is modeled in fault trees to account for the operation; or in this case, the failure of the system. Specifically, the propulsion system is decomposed into each of the five thruster assemblies and fed into the appropriate N-out-of-M gate to evaluate mission failure. A separate fault tree for the propulsion system is developed to account for the different success criteria of each mission phase. Common-cause failure modeling is treated using traditional (i.e., parametrically) methods. As part of this paper, we discuss the overall results in addition to the positive and negative aspects of modeling dynamic situations with non-dynamic modeling techniques. One insight from the use of this conventional method for analyzing the benchmark problem is that it requires significant manual manipulation to the fault trees and how they are linked into the event tree. The conventional method also requires editing the resultant cut sets to

  12. Protein folding and non-conventional drug design: a primer for nuclear structure physicists

    SciTech Connect

    Broglia, R.A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Tiana, G.; Provasi, D. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy)

    2004-02-27

    Some of the paradigms emerging from the study of the phenomena of phase transitions in finite many-body systems, like e.g. the atomic nucleus can be used at profit to solve the protein folding problem within the framework of simple (although not oversimplified) models. From this solution a paradigm emerges for the design of non-conventional drugs, which inhibit enzymatic action without inducing resistance (mutations). The application of these concepts to the design of an inhibitor to the HIV-protease central in the life cycle of the HIV virus is discussed.

  13. Cleaner Energy for Cars

    SciTech Connect

    Cropley, Cecelia

    2013-07-18

    Representing the Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization (CCHF), this document is one of the entries in the Ten Hundred and One Word Challenge. As part of the challenge, the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers were invited to represent their science in images, cartoons, photos, words and original paintings, but any descriptions or words could only use the 1000 most commonly used words in the English language, with the addition of one word important to each of the EFRCs and the mission of DOE: energy. The mission of CCHF is to develop, validate, and optimize new methods to rearrange the bonds of hydrocarbons, implement enzymatic strategies into synthetic systems, and design optimal environments for catalysts that can be used to reversibly functionalize hydrocarbons, especially for more efficient use of natural gas including low temperature conversion to liquid fuels.

  14. Concepts for the development of nanoscale stable precipitation-strengthened steels manufactured by conventional methods

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Yablinsky, C. A.; Tippey, K. E.; Vaynman, S.; Anderoglu, O.; Fine, M. E.; Chung, Y. -W.; Speer, J. G.; Findley, K. O.; Dogan, O. N.; Jablonski, P. D.; et al

    2014-11-11

    In this study, the development of oxide dispersion strengthened ferrous alloys has shown that microstructures designed for excellent irradiation resistance and thermal stability ideally contain stable nanoscale precipitates and dislocation sinks. Based upon this understanding, the microstructures of conventionally manufactured ferritic and ferritic-martensitic steels can be designed to include controlled volume fractions of fine, stable precipitates and dislocation sinks via specific alloying and processing paths. The concepts proposed here are categorized as advanced high-Cr ferritic-martensitic (AHCr-FM) and novel tailored precipitate ferritic (TPF) steels, which have the potential to improve the in-reactor performance of conventionally manufactured alloys. AHCr-FM steels have modifiedmore » alloy content relative to current reactor materials (such as alloy NF616/P92) to maximize desirable precipitates and control phase stability. TPF steels are designed to incorporate nickel aluminides, in addition to microalloy carbides, in a ferritic matrix to produce fine precipitate arrays with good thermal stability. Both alloying concepts may also benefit from thermomechanical processing to establish dislocation sinks and modify phase transformation behaviors. Alloying and processing paths toward designed microstructures are discussed for both AHCr-FM and TPF material classes.« less

  15. Concepts for the development of nanoscale stable precipitation-strengthened steels manufactured by conventional methods

    SciTech Connect

    Yablinsky, C. A.; Tippey, K. E.; Vaynman, S.; Anderoglu, O.; Fine, M. E.; Chung, Y. -W.; Speer, J. G.; Findley, K. O.; Dogan, O. N.; Jablonski, P. D.; Maloy, S. A.; Hackenberg, R. E.; Clarke, A. J.; Clarke, K. D.

    2014-11-11

    In this study, the development of oxide dispersion strengthened ferrous alloys has shown that microstructures designed for excellent irradiation resistance and thermal stability ideally contain stable nanoscale precipitates and dislocation sinks. Based upon this understanding, the microstructures of conventionally manufactured ferritic and ferritic-martensitic steels can be designed to include controlled volume fractions of fine, stable precipitates and dislocation sinks via specific alloying and processing paths. The concepts proposed here are categorized as advanced high-Cr ferritic-martensitic (AHCr-FM) and novel tailored precipitate ferritic (TPF) steels, which have the potential to improve the in-reactor performance of conventionally manufactured alloys. AHCr-FM steels have modified alloy content relative to current reactor materials (such as alloy NF616/P92) to maximize desirable precipitates and control phase stability. TPF steels are designed to incorporate nickel aluminides, in addition to microalloy carbides, in a ferritic matrix to produce fine precipitate arrays with good thermal stability. Both alloying concepts may also benefit from thermomechanical processing to establish dislocation sinks and modify phase transformation behaviors. Alloying and processing paths toward designed microstructures are discussed for both AHCr-FM and TPF material classes.

  16. A database system for characterization of munitions items in conventional ammunition demilitarization stockpiles

    SciTech Connect

    Chun, K.C.; Chiu, S.Y.; Ditmars, J.D.; Huber, C.C.; Nortunen, L.; Sabb, R.

    1994-05-01

    The MIDAS (Munition Items Disposition Action System) database system is an electronic data management system capable of storage and retrieval of information on the detailed structures and material compositions of munitions items designated for demilitarization. The types of such munitions range from bulk propellants and small arms to projectiles and cluster bombs. The database system is also capable of processing data on the quantities of inert, PEP (propellant, explosives and pyrotechnics) and packaging materials associated with munitions, components, or parts, and the quantities of chemical compounds associated with parts made of PEP materials. Development of the MIDAS database system has been undertaken by the US Army to support disposition of unwanted ammunition stockpiles. The inventory of such stockpiles currently includes several thousand items, which total tens of thousands of tons, and is still growing. Providing systematic procedures for disposing of all unwanted conventional munitions is the mission of the MIDAS Demilitarization Program. To carry out this mission, all munitions listed in the Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition inventory must be characterized, and alternatives for resource recovery and recycling and/or disposal of munitions in the demilitarization inventory must be identified.

  17. Origin of fractured cretaceous conventional and unconventional reservoirs, southern Powder River basin, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect

    Mitchell, G.C.; Rogers, M.H.

    1993-08-01

    Cretaceous conventional and unconventional fractured reservoirs in the southern Powder River basin, Wyoming, are associated with small throw (10 to 30 ft) normal faults. The faults are nearly vertical, trend northwest-southeast and northeast-southwest, and probably are basement derived. The faults are most easily identified in Cretaceous marine shales and are exposed at the surface in Tertiary units. Erosion and subsequent deposition of Cretaceous sandstones, limestones, and shales affected by the extensional normal faults form stratigraphic traps. The reservoirs are interbedded with, or composed of, mature source rocks have generated and expelled significant hydrocarbons. Overpressuring from the maturation and expulsion processes is still present and has preserved open fractures and porosity in reservoirs from the Lower Cretaceous Fall River through the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara formations. The faults have offset thin sandstone reservoirs forming permeability barriers. The faulting and associated fractures have provided pathways for organic acids that assisted formation of secondary perosity in Upper Cretaceous sandstones. The fracturing of mature source rocks provides areally extensive unconventional reservoirs. Fracturing associated with the extensional normal faults provides significant exploration and exploitation potential for the use of horizontal drilling techniques to evaluate multiple, fractured, overpressured conventional, and unconventional reservoirs that may contain large reserves.

  18. Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

    2013-05-01

    This presentation discusses a method of accounting for realistic levels of driver aggression to higher-level vehicle studies, including the impact of variation in real-world driving characteristics (acceleration and speed) on vehicle energy consumption and different powertrains (e.g., conventionally powered vehicles versus electrified drive vehicles [xEVs]). Aggression variation between drivers can increase fuel consumption by more than 50% or decrease it by more than 20% from average. The normalized fuel consumption deviation from average as a function of population percentile was found to be largely insensitive to powertrain. However, the traits of ideal driving behavior are a function of powertrain. In conventional vehicles, kinetic losses dominate rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses. In xEVs with regenerative braking, rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses dominate. The relation of fuel consumption predicted from real-world drive data to that predicted by the industry-standard HWFET, UDDS, LA92, and US06 drive cycles was not consistent across powertrains, and varied broadly from the mean, median, and mode of real-world driving. A drive cycle synthesized by NREL's DRIVE tool accurately and consistently reproduces average real-world for multiple powertrains within 1%, and can be used to calculate the fuel consumption effects of varying levels of driver aggression.

  19. Implementing the Espoo Convention in transboundary EIA between Germany and Poland

    SciTech Connect

    Albrecht, Eike

    2008-08-15

    Poland and Germany have a long common border which leads to the necessity to cooperate and consult each other in the case of large-scale projects or infrastructure measures likely to cause negative transboundary effects on the environment. There are already binding provisions for transboundary EIA. In the area of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), transboundary EIA is intended to be legally binding for the Member States by the Espoo Convention which was ratified by Germany 8.8.2002 and by Poland 12.6.1997. Due to corresponding directives, the same is applicable in the context of the European Union. In German legislation, this issue is regulated by Art. 8 of the Federal EIA Act in regard to transboundary participation of administration and by Art. 9a in respect of transboundary public participation. However, these EIA regulations on transboundary participation do not surpass a certain detail level, as they have to be applied between Germany and all neighbouring states. Therefore both countries decided to agree on more detailed provisions in particular regarding procedural questions. During the 12th German-Polish Environmental Council, Germany and Poland reached an agreement on 11.4.2006 in Neuhardenberg/Brandenburg an agreement upon the implementation of the Espoo Convention, the so called Neuhardenberg Agreement. This article assesses the agreement under consideration of already existing law and discusses major improvements and problems.

  20. Toyota Prius Plug-In HEV: A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    This fact sheet highlights the Toyota Prius plug-in HEV, a plug-in hybrid electric car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In partnership with the University of Colorado, NREL uses the vehicle for grid-integration studies and for testing new hardware and charge-management algorithms. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.