National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for gross axle tandem

  1. An engineered Axl 'decoy receptor' effectively silences the Gas6-Axl signaling axis

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Kariolis, Mihalis S.; Miao, Yu Rebecca; Jones, Douglas S.; Kapur, Shiven; Mathews, Irimpan I.; Giaccia, Amato J.; Cochran, Jennifer R.

    2014-09-21

    Aberrant signaling through the Axl receptor tyrosine kinase has been associated with a myriad of human diseases, most notably metastatic cancer, identifying Axl and its ligand Gas6 as important therapeutic targets. Using rational and combinatorial approaches, we engineered an Axl ‘decoy receptor’ that binds Gas6 with high affinity and inhibits its function, offering an alternative approach from drug discovery efforts that directly target Axl. Four mutations within this high affinity Axl variant caused structural alterations in side chains across the Gas6/Axl binding interface, stabilizing a conformational change on Gas6. When reformatted as an Fc-fusion, the engineered decoy receptor bound tomore » Gas6 with femtomolar affinity, an 80-fold improvement compared to the wild-type Axl receptor, allowing effective sequestration of Gas6 and specific abrogation of Axl signaling. Additionally, increased Gas6 binding affinity was critical and correlative with the ability of decoy receptors to potently inhibit metastasis and disease progression in vivo.« less

  2. Samantha Gross

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Samantha Gross is the Director for International Climate and Clean Energy at the Office of International Affairs in the U.S. Department of Energy. She directs U.S. activities under the Clean Energy...

  3. Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing: Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lascurain, Mary Beth; Capps, Gary J; Franzese, Oscar

    2013-10-01

    The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. This testing was conducted on a five-axle combination vehicle with tractor brakes meeting the Reduced Stopping Distance requirement rulemaking. This report provides a summary of the testing activities, the results of various analyses of the data, and recommendations for future research. Following a complete brake rebuild, instrumentation, and brake burnish, stopping tests were performed from 20 and 40 mph with various brake application pressures (15 psi, 25 psi, 35 psi, 45 psi, 55 psi, and full system pressure). These tests were conducted for various brake conditions at the following GVWs: 60,000, 80,000, 91,000, 97,000, 106,000, and 116,000 lb. The 80,000-lb GVWs included both balanced and unbalanced loads. The condition of the braking system was also varied. To introduce these defects, brakes (none, forward drive axle, or rear trailer axle) were made inoperative. In addition to the stopping tests, performance-based brake tests were conducted for the various loading and brake conditions. Analysis of the stopping test data showed the stopping distance to increase with load (as expected) and also showed that more braking force was generated by the drive axle brakes than the trailer axle brakes. The constant-pressure stopping test data

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    with idle reduction technology may exceed the state's gross, total axle, total tandem, or bridge formula vehicle weight limits by up to 550 pounds to compensate for the...

  5. Eddy current system for inspection of train hollow axles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chady, Tomasz; Psuj, Grzegorz; Sikora, Ryszard; Kowalczyk, Jacek; Spychalski, Ireneusz

    2014-02-18

    The structural integrity of wheelsets used in rolling stock is of great importance to the safety. In this paper, electromagnetic system with an eddy current transducer suitable for the inspection of hollow axles have been presented. The transducer was developed to detect surface braking defects having depth not smaller than 0.5 mm. Ultrasound technique can be utilized to inspect the whole axle, but it is not sufficiently sensitive to shallow defects located close to the surface. Therefore, the electromagnetic technique is proposed to detect surface breaking cracks that cannot be detected by ultrasonic technique.

  6. Inhibition of Axl improves the targeted therapy against ALK-mutated neuroblastoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Fei; Li, Hongling; Sun, Yong

    2014-11-28

    Highlights: • First reported Axl is co-expressed with ALK in neuroblastoma tissues and cell lines. • Axl activation promotes cell growth and impairs the efficiency of ALK inhibitor. • Further found silence of Axl leads to increased sensitivity to ALK inhibitors. • Axl inhibitor promotes the efficiency of targeted therapy in vitro and in vivo. • Axl activation should be considered in the clinical application of ALK inhibitors. - Abstract: Neuroblastoma (NB) patients harboring mutated ALK can be expected to potentially benefit from targeted therapy based on ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), such as crizotinib and ceritinib. However, the effect of the treatment varies with different individuals, although with the same genic changes. Axl receptor tyrosine kinase is expressed in a variety of human cancers, but little data are reported in NB, particularly in which carrying mutated ALK. In this study, we focus on the roles of Axl in ALK-mutated NB for investigating rational therapeutic strategy. We found that Axl is expressed in ALK-positive NB tissues and cell lines, and could be effectively activated by its ligand GAS6. Ligand-dependent Axl activation obviously rescued crizotinib-mediated suppression of cell proliferation in ALK-mutated NB cells. Genetic inhibition of Axl with specific small interfering RNA markedly increased the sensitivity of cells to ALK-TKIs. Furthermore, a small-molecule inhibitor of Axl significantly enhanced ALK-targeted therapy, as an increased frequency of apoptosis was observed in NB cells co-expressing ALK and Axl. Taken together, our results demonstrated that activation of Axl could lead to insensitivity to ALK inhibitors, and dual inhibition of ALK and Axl might be a potential therapeutic strategy against ALK-mutated NB.

  7. What is Gross Up?

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Gross up on relocation refers to money that is added to your pay to offset the federal and state tax deducted from the relocation reimbursement amount. You do not see the money in ...

  8. Tandem betatron

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Keinigs, Rhonald K.

    1992-01-01

    Two betatrons are provided in tandem for alternately accelerating an electron beam to avoid the single flux swing limitation of conventional betatrons and to accelerate the electron beam to high energies. The electron beam is accelerated in a first betatron during a period of increasing magnetic flux. The eletron beam is extracted from the first betatron as a peak magnetic flux is reached and then injected into a second betatron at a time of minimum magnetic flux in the second betatron. The cycle may be repeated until the desired electron beam energy is obtained. In one embodiment, the second betatron is axially offset from the first betatron to provide for electron beam injection directly at the axial location of the beam orbit in the second betatron.

  9. Michael Gross | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Michael Gross Michael Gross Michael Gross Principal Investigator E-mail: mgross@wustl.edu Phone: (314) 935-4814 Website: Washington University in St. Louis Principal Investigator...

  10. ,"Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Date:","12312015" ,"Next Release Date:","01292016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1090sla2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:tonto.eia.govdnavnghist...

  11. Tandem mobile robot system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buttz, James H.; Shirey, David L.; Hayward, David R.

    2003-01-01

    A robotic vehicle system for terrain navigation mobility provides a way to climb stairs, cross crevices, and navigate across difficult terrain by coupling two or more mobile robots with a coupling device and controlling the robots cooperatively in tandem.

  12. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9010WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ...

  13. ,"New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...2016 10:10:10 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9010NY2" "Date","New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ...

  14. ,"New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...2016 10:10:09 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9010NM2" "Date","New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ...

  15. Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  16. US--Federal Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) US--Federal Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  17. Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  18. Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Gross ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  19. Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  20. Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Gross ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  1. US--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) US--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  2. Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  3. Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Gross ... Release Date: 06302016 Next Release Date: 07292016 Referring Pages: Offshore Gross ...

  4. Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells ... Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and ...

  5. New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas ... Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas Wells New Mexico Natural Gas Gross ...

  6. ,"Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Date:","5312016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1090sal2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:tonto.eia.govdnavnghistna1090sal2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information ...

  7. ,"Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  8. ,"Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  9. ,"Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  10. ,"Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  11. ,"Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  12. ,"Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  13. ,"Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  14. ,"Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  15. ,"California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  16. ,"Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","72016","01151991" ,"Release ...

  17. David J. Gross and the Strong Force

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    from Cal Alum David Gross (PhD '66) Shares Nobel Prize in Physics, University of California Berkeley Resources with Additional Information Additional information about David ...

  18. ,"Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  19. ,"Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  20. ,"Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  1. ,"California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  2. ,"Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151991" ,"Release ...

  3. ,"Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  4. ,"Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  5. ,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  6. ,"Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  7. ,"Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  8. ,"Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151991" ,"Release ...

  9. ,"Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  10. ,"Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151991" ,"Release ...

  11. ,"Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151989" ,"Release ...

  12. ,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","62016","01151991" ,"Release ...

  13. David J. Gross and the Strong Force

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    published their proposal simultaneously with H. David Politzer, a graduate student at Harvard University who independently came up with the same idea. ... The discovery of Gross,...

  14. David J. Gross and the Strong Force

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    David J. Gross and the Strong Force Resources with Additional Information The 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to David Gross for "the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction". 'Gross, who obtained his PhD in physics in 1966, currently is a professor of physics and director of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics at UC Santa Barbara. ... David Gross Courtesy of UC Santa Barbara [When on the faculty at Princeton University,] he and

  15. Tandem resonator reflectance modulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fritz, Ian J. (Albuquerque, NM); Wendt, Joel R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1994-01-01

    A wide band optical modulator is grown on a substrate as tandem Fabry-Perot resonators including three mirrors spaced by two cavities. The absorption of one cavity is changed relative to the absorption of the other cavity by an applied electric field, to cause a change in total reflected light, as light reflecting from the outer mirrors is in phase and light reflecting from the inner mirror is out of phase with light from the outer mirrors.

  16. Tandem resonator reflectance modulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fritz, I.J.; Wendt, J.R.

    1994-09-06

    A wide band optical modulator is grown on a substrate as tandem Fabry-Perot resonators including three mirrors spaced by two cavities. The absorption of one cavity is changed relative to the absorption of the other cavity by an applied electric field, to cause a change in total reflected light, as light reflecting from the outer mirrors is in phase and light reflecting from the inner mirror is out of phase with light from the outer mirrors. 8 figs.

  17. Monolithic tandem solar cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, M.W.

    1994-06-21

    A single-crystal, monolithic, tandem, photovoltaic solar cell is described which includes (a) an InP substrate having upper and lower surfaces, (b) a first photoactive subcell on the upper surface of the InP substrate, (c) a second photoactive subcell on the first subcell; and (d) an optically transparent prismatic cover layer over the second subcell. The first photoactive subcell is GaInAsP of defined composition. The second subcell is InP. The two subcells are lattice matched. 9 figs.

  18. Monolithic tandem solar cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wanlass, Mark W.

    1991-01-01

    A single-crystal, monolithic, tandem, photovoltaic solar cell is described which includes (a) an InP substrate having upper and lower surfaces, (b) a first photoactive subcell on the upper surface of the InP substrate, and (c) a second photoactive subcell on the first subcell. The first photoactive subcell is GaInAsP of defined composition. The second subcell is InP. The two subcells are lattice matched. The solar cell can be provided as a two-terminal device or a three-terminal device.

  19. Monolithic tandem solar cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

    1994-01-01

    A single-crystal, monolithic, tandem, photovoltaic solar cell is described which includes (a) an InP substrate having upper and lower surfaces, (b) a first photoactive subcell on the upper surface of the InP substrate, (c) a second photoactive subcell on the first subcell; and (d) an optically transparent prismatic cover layer over the second subcell. The first photoactive subcell is GaInAsP of defined composition. The second subcell is InP. The two subcells are lattice matched.

  20. ,"Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10072016 7:57:22 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AR2","N9011AR2","N9012AR2","NGME...

  1. ,"Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10072016 7:57:21 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AL2","N9011AL2","N9012AL2","NGME...

  2. ,"Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10072016 7:57:22 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AL2","N9011AL2","N9012AL2","NGME...

  3. ,"Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"08292016 11:11:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AR2","N9011AR2","N9012AR2","NGME...

  4. ,"Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"08292016 11:11:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AZ2","N9011AZ2","N9012AZ2","NGME...

  5. ,"Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"08292016 11:11:30 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AZ2","N9011AZ2","N9012AZ2","NGME...

  6. ,"Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"08292016 11:11:28 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AL2","N9011AL2","N9012AL2","NGME...

  7. ,"Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"4292016 6:48:19 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AK2","N9011AK2","N9012AK2","NGME...

  8. Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Release Date: 09302016 Next Release Date: 10312016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas Wells Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production ...

  9. Floating Offshore Wind in California: Gross Potential for Jobs...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Floating Offshore Wind in California: Gross Potential for Jobs and Economic Impacts from ... April 2016 Floating Offshore Wind in California: Gross Potential for Jobs ...

  10. ,"Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ...

  11. ,"Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ...

  12. ,"Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ...

  13. ,"Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... to Contents","Data 1: Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ...

  14. ,"Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ...

  15. ,"Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ... to Contents","Data 1: Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ...

  16. Quantification of the Potential Gross Economic Impacts of Five...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Quantification of the Potential Gross Economic Impacts of Five Methane Reduction Scenarios Quantification of the Potential Gross Economic Impacts of Five Methane Reduction Scenarios ...

  17. Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Release Date: 05312016 Next Release Date: 06302016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production Natural Gas ...

  18. Property:DailyOpWaterUseGross | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Name DailyOpWaterUseGross Property Type Number Description Daily Operation Water Use (afday) Gross. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:...

  19. ,"Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab ... for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and ...

  20. Fueling of tandem mirror reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorker, G.E.; Logan, B.G.

    1985-01-01

    This paper summarizes the fueling requirements for experimental and demonstration tandem mirror reactors (TMRs), reviews the status of conventional pellet injectors, and identifies some candidate accelerators that may be needed for fueling tandem mirror reactors. Characteristics and limitations of three types of accelerators are described; neutral beam injectors, electromagnetic rail guns, and laser beam drivers. Based on these characteristics and limitations, a computer module was developed for the Tandem Mirror Reactor Systems Code (TMRSC) to select the pellet injector/accelerator combination which most nearly satisfies the fueling requirements for a given machine design.

  1. Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2012 2013 2014 View History Gross Withdrawals 821 1,407 1,344 770 770 950 1979-2014 From Gas Wells 821 1,407 1,344 770 770 950 1979-2014 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996-2014 From ...

  2. Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    10 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Gross Withdrawals 325,591 309,952 296,299 292,467 286,080 292,450 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 247,651 236,834 264,610 264,223 260,715 ...

  3. Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 ... Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ...

  4. Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 ... Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ...

  5. Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 ... Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ...

  6. New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 ... Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals ...

  7. Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Oil Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 ... Referring Pages: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells Missouri Natural Gas Gross ...

  8. Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 ...

  9. Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 ...

  10. Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 21 ...

  11. Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 ...

  12. Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 ...

  13. Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 64,057 ...

  14. Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 ...

  15. Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1996 159 ...

  16. Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 3 3 5 ...

  17. California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ...

  18. Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 13,138 ...

  19. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ...

  20. Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ...

  1. Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 57 ...

  2. Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 ...

  3. Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 562 ...

  4. Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 ...

  5. Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 41 ...

  6. Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 ...

  7. Nanocrystal assembly for tandem catalysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Peidong; Somorjai, Gabor; Yamada, Yusuke; Tsung, Chia-Kuang; Huang, Wenyu

    2014-10-14

    The present invention provides a nanocrystal tandem catalyst comprising at least two metal-metal oxide interfaces for the catalysis of sequential reactions. One embodiment utilizes a nanocrystal bilayer structure formed by assembling sub-10 nm platinum and cerium oxide nanocube monolayers on a silica substrate. The two distinct metal-metal oxide interfaces, CeO.sub.2--Pt and Pt--SiO.sub.2, can be used to catalyze two distinct sequential reactions. The CeO.sub.2--Pt interface catalyzed methanol decomposition to produce CO and H.sub.2, which were then subsequently used for ethylene hydroformylation catalyzed by the nearby Pt--SiO.sub.2 interface. Consequently, propanal was selectively produced on this nanocrystal bilayer tandem catalyst.

  8. "Nanocrystal bilayer for tandem catalysis"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamada, Yusuke; Tsung, Chia Kuang; Huang, Wenyu; Huo, Ziyang; E.Habas, Susan E; Soejima, Tetsuro; Aliaga, Cesar E; Samorjai, Gabor A; Yang, Peidong

    2011-01-24

    Supported catalysts are widely used in industry and can be optimized by tuning the composition and interface of the metal nanoparticles and oxide supports. Rational design of metal-metal oxide interfaces in nanostructured catalysts is critical to achieve better reaction activities and selectivities. We introduce here a new class of nanocrystal tandem catalysts that have multiple metal-metal oxide interfaces for the catalysis of sequential reactions. We utilized a nanocrystal bilayer structure formed by assembling platinum and cerium oxide nanocube monolayers of less than 10 nm on a silica substrate. The two distinct metal-metal oxide interfaces, CeO2-Pt and Pt-SiO2, can be used to catalyse two distinct sequential reactions. The CeO2-Pt interface catalysed methanol decomposition to produce CO and H2, which were subsequently used for ethylene hydroformylation catalysed by the nearby Pt-SiO2 interface. Consequently, propanal was produced selectively from methanol and ethylene on the nanocrystal bilayer tandem catalyst. This new concept of nanocrystal tandem catalysis represents a powerful approach towards designing high-performance, multifunctional nanostructured catalysts

  9. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSWVMMCF" "Date","West Virginia ...

  10. ,"California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSCAMMCF" "Date","California Natural ...

  11. ,"Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSMSMMCF" "Date","Mississippi Natural ...

  12. ,"Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSLAMMCF" "Date","Louisiana Natural ...

  13. ,"West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","22016","1151991" ,"Release ...

  14. Tandem mirror technology demonstration facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-10-01

    This report describes a facility for generating engineering data on the nuclear technologies needed to build an engineering test reactor (ETR). The facility, based on a tandem mirror operating in the Kelley mode, could be used to produce a high neutron flux (1.4 MW/M/sup 2/) on an 8-m/sup 2/ test area for testing fusion blankets. Runs of more than 100 h, with an average availability of 30%, would produce a fluence of 5 mW/yr/m/sup 2/ and give the necessary experience for successful operation of an ETR.

  15. Tandem junction amorphous silicon solar cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanak, Joseph J.

    1981-01-01

    An amorphous silicon solar cell has an active body with two or a series of layers of hydrogenated amorphous silicon arranged in a tandem stacked configuration with one optical path and electrically interconnected by a tunnel junction. The layers of hydrogenated amorphous silicon arranged in tandem configuration can have the same bandgap or differing bandgaps.

  16. ARM: AOS Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (Dataset...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: ARM: AOS Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer AOS Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Authors: Scott Smith ; Cynthia Salwen ; Janek Uin ; Alice ...

  17. Tandem Mirror Reactor Systems Code (Version I)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, R.L.; Finn, P.A.; Gohar, M.Y.; Barrett, R.J.; Gorker, G.E.; Spampinaton, P.T.; Bulmer, R.H.; Dorn, D.W.; Perkins, L.J.; Ghose, S.

    1985-09-01

    A computer code was developed to model a Tandem Mirror Reactor. Ths is the first Tandem Mirror Reactor model to couple, in detail, the highly linked physics, magnetics, and neutronic analysis into a single code. This report describes the code architecture, provides a summary description of the modules comprising the code, and includes an example execution of the Tandem Mirror Reactor Systems Code. Results from this code for two sensitivity studies are also included. These studies are: (1) to determine the impact of center cell plasma radius, length, and ion temperature on reactor cost and performance at constant fusion power; and (2) to determine the impact of reactor power level on cost.

  18. Gross Gamma-Ray Calibration Blocks (May 1978) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Gross Gamma-Ray Calibration Blocks (May 1978) Gross Gamma-Ray Calibration Blocks (May 1978) Gross Gamma-Ray Calibration Blocks (May 1978) Gross Gamma-Ray Calibration Blocks (May 1978) (1.74 MB) More Documents & Publications Grade Assignments for Models Used for Calibration of Gross-Count Gamma-Ray Logging Systems (December 1983) A Brief Review of the Basis for, and the Procedures Currently Utilized in, Gross Gamma-Ray Log Calibration (October 1976) Parameter Assignments for Spectral

  19. ,"Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:06 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSVAMMCF" "Date","Virginia Natural Gas ...

  20. ,"Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:06 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSUTMMCF" "Date","Utah Natural Gas ...

  1. ,"Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:00 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSFLMMCF" "Date","Florida Natural Gas ...

  2. ,"Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7:59:58 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSARMMCF" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas ...

  3. ,"Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:02 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSMTMMCF" "Date","Montana Natural Gas ...

  4. ,"Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:06 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSWYMMCF" "Date","Wyoming Natural Gas ...

  5. ,"Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:00 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSINMMCF" "Date","Indiana Natural Gas ...

  6. ,"Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:02 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSMOMMCF" "Date","Missouri Natural Gas ...

  7. Other States Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Other States Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 13,204 ...

  8. ,"Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7:59:58 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSALMMCF" "Date","Alabama Natural Gas ...

  9. ,"Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:01 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSMIMMCF" "Date","Michigan Natural Gas ...

  10. ,"Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7:59:59 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSAZMMCF" "Date","Arizona Natural Gas ...

  11. ,"Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:00 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSKSMMCF" "Date","Kansas Natural Gas ...

  12. ,"Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7:59:59 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSCOMMCF" "Date","Colorado Natural Gas ...

  13. ,"Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:07 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSWYMMCF" "Date","Wyoming Natural Gas ...

  14. ,"Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7:59:59 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSFLMMCF" "Date","Florida Natural Gas ...

  15. ,"Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8:00:01 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSSMOMMCF" "Date","Missouri Natural Gas ...

  16. Fact #564: March 30, 2009 Transportation and the Gross Domestic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Housing, health care, and food are the only categories with greater shares of the GDP. GDP ... Gross Domestic Product, 2007 Housing 24.3% Health Care 17.4% Food 11.6% ...

  17. Other States Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Other States Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 72,328 ...

  18. Other States Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Other States Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 0 0 ...

  19. Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 ...

  20. Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    from Oil Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 ...

  1. Physics Nobel winner David Gross gives public lecture at Jefferson...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nobel winner David Gross gives public lecture at Jefferson Lab on June 12 (Monday) Physics ... "The Coming Revolutions in Fundamental Physics" beginning at 8 p.m. at Jefferson Lab on ...

  2. Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 4,561 3,826 4,106 ...

  3. Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 21,638 18,808 21,037 ...

  4. Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 7,051 6,368 ...

  5. Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 425,704 369,500 ...

  6. Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ...

  7. Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 9,579 8,593 ...

  8. Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 1,239 1,119 1,239 ...

  9. Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 11,582 10,461 ...

  10. Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 1,273 1,150 ...

  11. Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 246 244 232 ...

  12. Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 11,749 10,612 ...

  13. Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 14,797 13,076 ...

  14. Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 58,111 51,244 ...

  15. Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 331 299 331 320 ...

  16. Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 15,390 18,697 ...

  17. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 0 0 0 0 ...

  18. Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 107,415 97,020 ...

  19. Other States Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Oil Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Other States Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 3,459 3,117 ...

  20. Federal Offshore--Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore--Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov ...

  1. Fact# 904: December 21, 2015 Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    With the growth of VMT in 2015, the gap between the two series has narrowed for the first time since the Great Recession. GDP and VMT Trends, 1960-2015 Graph showing gross national ...

  2. Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseSummerGross | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Name CoolingTowerWaterUseSummerGross Property Type Number Description Cooling Tower Water use (summer average) (afday) Gross. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  3. PROJECT PROFILE: Mechanically Stacked Hybrid Photovoltaic Tandems

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tandem cell architectures present a path toward higher module efficiencies over single junction designs. This project will develop a gallium indium phosphide (GaInP) on silicon mechanically stacked voltage-matched tandem, aiming at low cost and high efficiency. The project will result in one of the first published demonstrations of voltage-matched modules, an assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of the new architecture, and its promise for photovoltaic (PV) module design.

  4. Gross alpha analytical modifications that improve wastewater treatment compliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tucker, B.J.; Arndt, S.

    2007-07-01

    This paper will propose an improvement to the gross alpha measurement that will provide more accurate gross alpha determinations and thus allow for more efficient and cost-effective treatment of site wastewaters. To evaluate the influence of salts that may be present in wastewater samples from a potentially broad range of environmental conditions, two types of efficiency curves were developed, each using a thorium-230 (Th-230) standard spike. Two different aqueous salt solutions were evaluated, one using sodium chloride, and one using salts from tap water drawn from the Bergen County, New Jersey Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW). For each curve, 13 to 17 solutions were prepared, each with the same concentration of Th-230 spike, but differing in the total amount of salt in the range of 0 to 100 mg. The attenuation coefficients were evaluated for the two salt types by plotting the natural log of the counted efficiencies vs. the weight of the sample's dried residue retained on the planchet. The results show that the range of the slopes for each of the attenuation curves varied by approximately a factor of 2.5. In order to better ensure the accuracy of results, and thus verify compliance with the gross alpha wastewater effluent criterion, projects depending on gross alpha measurements of environmental waters and wastewaters should employ gross alpha efficiency curves prepared with salts that mimic, as closely as possible, the salt content of the aqueous environmental matrix. (authors)

  5. Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 317 313 314 307 308 303 307 309 309 312 320 329 2007 330 329 324 320 328 330 325 331 335 334 340 339 2008 334 330 332 331 327 323 324 327 330 330 326 302 2009 304 311 305 302 297 292 286 281 279 275 268 263 2010 265 264 267 265 259 258 256 251 251 249 247 236 2011 229 223 221 221 219 217 218 217 225 211 208 206 2012 202 202

  6. Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 247 244 238 236 230 228 224 224 228 240 249 252 2007 252 249 243 240 234 232 228 228 233 245 254 257 2008 243 232 234 232 226 224 220 220 224 236 245 248 2009 254 251 245 242 236 234 230 230 235 247 256 259 2010 223 221 215 213 208 206 203 203 206 217 225 228 2011 226 223 217 215 210 208 204 204 208 220 227 230

  7. Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 271 275 277 274 280 287 282 285 290 284 291 290 2007 295 299 302 298 304 312 307 310 316 309 316 316 2008 338 331 346 342 349 358 352 355 362 354 362 362 2009 375 376 369 377 379 380 394 395 396 400 404 383 2010 404 406 400 397 403 403 403 404 408 401 406 406 2011 414 430 413 409 410 407 411 418 410 416 413 419 2012 421 414

  8. Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 850 862 874 869 858 823 817 832 816 829 815 822 2007 815 808 802 769 774 767 768 815 805 794 792 814 2008 785 794 775 748 783 770 747 743 693 760 749 753 2009 689 749 740 724 730 727 726 704 686 637 622 686 2010 664 670 700 684 683 677 631 628 603 684 669 620 2011 644 651 648 639 581 626 627 629 522 546 501 575 2012 627 629

  9. California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 998 992 986 967 989 976 962 924 934 917 927 909 2007 971 965 958 942 963 950 936 898 907 887 899 883 2008 953 914 940 925 945 932 919 881 890 870 882 866 2009 876 871 864 850 869 857 845 810 819 801 812 797 2010 915 909 901 883 906 895 883 848 857 839 849 836 2011 798 816 790 796 776 776 757 748 734 714 744 732 2012 685 697

  10. Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 190 280 281 279 248 310 196 231 398 95 257 377 2007 115 404 361 105 315 441 45 268 270 240 268 320 2008 175 265 281 299 316 316 463 379 289 283 479 198 2009 254 445 151 174 402 368 109 359 391 339 339 406 2010 332 624 146 355 356 344 394 335 382 623 167 408 2011 308 359 379 366 292 327 365 295 339 307 340 410 2012 290 290 290

  11. PROJECT PROFILE: Silicon-Based Tandem Solar Cells

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The project will demonstrate bonded gallium indium phosphide (GaInP) on silicon tandem cells, evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of this method of forming higher-efficiency tandem cells, and compare two- and three-terminal device configurations.

  12. High voltage series connected tandem junction solar battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanak, Joseph J.

    1982-01-01

    A high voltage series connected tandem junction solar battery which comprises a plurality of strips of tandem junction solar cells of hydrogenated amorphous silicon having one optical path and electrically interconnected by a tunnel junction. The layers of hydrogenated amorphous silicon, arranged in a tandem configuration, can have the same bandgap or differing bandgaps. The tandem junction strip solar cells are series connected to produce a solar battery of any desired voltage.

  13. Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...

  14. Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...

  15. New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals 1,341,475 1,287,682 1,276,296 1,247,394 1,265,579 1,289,908 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 616,134 556,024 653,057 588,127 535,181 1967-2014 From Oil Wells 238,580 ...

  16. Modelling of tandem cell temperature coefficients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, D.J.

    1996-05-01

    This paper discusses the temperature dependence of the basic solar-cell operating parameters for a GaInP/GaAs series-connected two-terminal tandem cell. The effects of series resistance and of different incident solar spectra are also discussed.

  17. Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 88,258 418,474 760,566 1980's 949,177 1,010,772 1,120,830 992,041 1,021,260 942,413 1,169,038 1,330,604 1,376,093 1,457,841 1990's 1,555,568 1,494,494 1,411,147 1,355,333 1,392,727 1,346,674 1,401,753 1,351,067 1,241,264 1,206,045 2000's 1,177,257 53,649 57,063 53,569 44,946 36,932 24,785

  18. Texas--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Texas--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 5,296,865 5,461,594 5,518,978 5,525,982 5,626,448 5,665,074 5,738,595 5,526,033 2000's 5,681,726 5,698,798 5,603,941 5,737,755 5,688,972 5,969,905 6,301,649 6,931,629 7,753,869 7,615,836 2010's 7,565,123 7,910,898 8,127,004 8,285,436 8,647,988 8,791,961 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  19. Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 3,838,521 4,600,197 4,750,119 1980's 4,617,585 4,584,491 4,246,464 3,635,942 4,070,279 3,542,827 3,279,165 3,610,041 3,633,594 3,577,685 1990's 3,731,764 3,550,230 3,442,437 3,508,112 3,673,494 3,554,147 3,881,697 3,941,802 3,951,997 3,896,569 2000's 3,812,991 153,871 137,192 133,456

  20. Louisiana--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 1,535,033 1,538,511 1,552,603 1,608,633 1,469,698 1,357,155 1,386,478 1,434,389 2000's 1,342,963 1,370,802 1,245,270 1,244,672 1,248,050 1,202,328 1,280,758 1,309,960 1,301,523 1,482,252 2010's 2,148,447 2,969,297 2,882,193 2,289,193 1,907,296 1,731,680 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  1. Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 9 13 1990's 19,861 32,603 191,605 218,023 349,380 356,598 361,068 409,091 392,320 376,435 2000's 361,289 200,862 202,002 194,339 165,630 152,902 145,762 134,451 125,502 109,214 2010's 101,487 84,270 87,398 75,660 70,829 64,184 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  2. Alaska--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2,409,336 2,545,144 2,861,599 3,256,352 3,247,533 3,257,096 3,245,736 3,236,241 2000's 3,265,436 3,164,843 3,183,857 3,256,295 3,309,960 3,262,379 2,850,934 3,105,086 3,027,696 2,954,896 2010's 2,826,952 2,798,220 2,857,485 2,882,956 2,803,410 2,804,644 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  3. Calif--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Calif--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 386,382 346,733 334,987 322,544 326,919 317,137 315,701 347,667 2000's 334,983 336,629 322,138 303,480 287,205 291,271 301,921 286,584 281,088 258,983 2010's 273,136 237,388 214,509 219,386 218,668 217,517 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of

  4. California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 5,417 19,929 20,394 1980's 19,980 26,692 31,904 38,084 60,207 84,062 77,355 67,835 60,308 59,889 1990's 58,055 59,465 62,473 58,635 60,765 60,694 73,092 80,516 81,868 84,547 2000's 83,882 78,209 74,884 64,961 61,622 60,773 47,217 52,805 51,931 47,281 2010's 46,755 41,742

  5. Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 5,417 5,166 5,431 1980's 5,900 12,763 17,751 24,168 46,363 64,558 59,078 54,805 49,167 50,791 1990's 49,972 51,855 55,231 52,150 53,561 54,790 66,784 73,345 74,985 77,809 2000's 76,075 70,947 67,816 58,095 54,655 54,088 40,407 45,516 44,902 41,229 2010's 41,200 36,579 27,262 27,454

  6. Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 520 546 489 552 551 583 595 593 606 630 653 653 2007 678 690 709 736 749 756 714 717 752 809 845 813 2008 847 877 880 896 929 913 927 948 945 1,046 1,057 1,091 2009 1,079 1,098 941 876 853 840 880 916 917 964 1,084 1,161 2010 1,040 1,011 1,055 960 1,024 1,048 1,090 1,110 1,180 1,200 1,262 1,219 2011 1,233 1,223 1,201 1,236

  7. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 503 534 487 469 459 480 455 469 481 481 465 505 2007 521 553 505 486 475 497 471 486 498 499 482 523 2008 567 581 549 529 517 540 512 529 542 543 524 569 2009 783 832 758 730 714 746 708 731 749 749 724 785 2010 733 733 733 1,284 1,284 1,284 1,779 1,779 1,779 2,461 2,461 2,461 2011 2,718 2,718 2,718 3,178 3,178 3,178

  8. Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 7 7 7 7 6 6 7 8 8 8 8 8 2007 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 2008 12 12 12 12 11 11 13 13 14 14 15 15 2009 14 14 14 14 13 13 15 15 16 16 17 17 2010 13 13 13 13 13 12 14 15 15 15 16 16 2011 13 13 12 12 12 12 14 14 14 14 15 15 2012 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 2013 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15

  9. Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 600 607 639 654 681 718 732 775 808 856 899 923 2007 596 603 636 651 680 717 731 774 810 861 899 923 2008 940 1,005 1,065 1,104 1,142 1,196 1,256 1,313 1,316 1,375 1,422 1,517 2009 1,605 1,627 1,679 1,774 1,816 1,877 1,839 2,047 1,571 2,028 2,217 2,273 2010 2,263 2,295 2,340 2,450 2,471 2,517 2,582 2,660

  10. Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 8 8 9 9 8 7 8 8 8 7 7 7 2007 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 6 5 5 5 2008 8 8 9 8 8 7 7 7 8 7 7 7 2009 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2010 19 30 27 34 33 32 37 49 50 48 50 49 2011 49 54 48 50 49 51 42 34 45 47 47 47 2012 51 50 49 53 36 37 43 56 60 57 67 53 2013 55 54 47 23 37 45 44 59 53 55 58 62 2014 8 9 9 10 8 8 9 9 9 8 8 8

  11. Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 44,712 56,555 53,775 2000's 47,189 46,801 81,867 32,168 30,624 58,418 42,729 62,567 34,586 33,214 2010's 45,900 47,510 89,300 52,266 42,538 83,570

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 4 5 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 4 2008 4 4 4 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3

  12. Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 7 8 8 8 8 8 6 8 9 9 9 9 2007 9 8 9 11 10 9 10 11 10 12 12 7 2008 11 13 13 14 14 13 13 12 12 14 14 11 2009 14 11 14 14 14 13 12 14 12 15 15 15 2010 15 16 14 17 15 18 19 18 21 24 24 23 2011 25 22 26 25 26 25 24 24 25 25 25 25 2012 20 25 26 25 24 24 24 25 25 24 24 24 2013 23 23 23 23 23 23 22 21 22 17 22 19 2014 16 19 20 20 19 17

  13. Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 1,049 1,035 1,041 1,046 1,041 1,057 1,030 1,024 988 979 975 968 2007 1,034 1,021 1,027 1,031 1,026 1,043 1,015 1,010 974 965 962 954 2008 1,017 1,028 1,032 1,024 979 1,024 1,034 1,033 1,032 1,026 1,092 988 2009 1,009 1,018 994 984 994 976 952 985 972 953 951 901 2010 903 923 911 907 812 902 876 904 890 899 895 886 2011 873 838

  14. Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 665 635 896 482 548 1,023 668 792 739 717 550 1,103 2007 941 681 675 563 869 679 741 790 832 695 776 642 2008 439 435 438 429 433 435 437 443 436 434 424 422 2009 408 412 503 404 388 406 482 402 427 392 511 504 2010 383 381 379 374 373 374 371 379 378 371 370 365 2011 394 399 399 399 393 390 393 395 399 391 393 385 2012 362

  15. Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseWinterGross | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    lingTowerWaterUseWinterGross Property Type Number Description Cooling Tower Water use (winter average) (afday) Gross. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProper...

  16. Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgGross | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Property Name CoolingTowerWaterUseAnnlAvgGross Property Type Number Description Cooling Tower Water use (annual average) (afday) Gross. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  17. Tandem microwave waste remediation and decontamination system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wicks, George G.; Clark, David E.; Schulz, Rebecca L.

    1999-01-01

    The invention discloses a tandem microwave system consisting of a primary chamber in which microwave energy is used for the controlled combustion of materials. A second chamber is used to further treat the off-gases from the primary chamber by passage through a susceptor matrix subjected to additional microwave energy. The direct microwave radiation and elevated temperatures provide for significant reductions in the qualitative and quantitative emissions of the treated off gases. The tandem microwave system can be utilized for disinfecting wastes, sterilizing materials, and/or modifying the form of wastes to solidify organic or inorganic materials. The simple design allows on-site treatment of waste by small volume waste generators.

  18. Hybrid Tandem Solar Cells | Photovoltaic Research | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hybrid Tandem Solar Cells To achieve aggressive cost reductions in photovoltaics (PV) beyond the 6¢/kWh SunShot Initiative 2020 goal, module efficiency must be increased beyond the single-junction limit. Many device architectures have been investigated, but successful devices will likely use industry's standard platform-crystalline silicon. We have several projects that build on a silicon platform and that aim to provide viable prototypes for commercialization. PV Research Other Materials &

  19. Current and lattice matched tandem solar cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olson, Jerry M.

    1987-01-01

    A multijunction (cascade) tandem photovoltaic solar cell device is fabricated of a Ga.sub.x In.sub.1-x P (0.505.ltoreq.X.ltoreq.0.515) top cell semiconductor lattice matched to a GaAs bottom cell semiconductor at a low-resistance heterojunction, preferably a p+/n+ heterojunction between the cells. The top and bottom cells are both lattice matched and current matched for high efficiency solar radiation conversion to electrical energy.

  20. Cold Climate Heat Pumps Using Tandem Compressors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Bo; Abdelaziz, Omar; Rice, C Keith; Baxter, Van D

    2016-01-01

    In cold climate zones, e.g. ASHRAE climate regions IV and V, conventional electric air-source heat pumps (ASHP) do not work well, due to high compressor discharge temperatures, large pressure ratios and inadequate heating capacities at low ambient temperatures. Consequently, significant use of auxiliary strip heating is required to meet the building heating load. We introduce innovative ASHP technologies as part of continuing efforts to eliminate auxiliary strip heat use and maximize heating COP with acceptable cost-effectiveness and reliability. These innovative ASHP were developed using tandem compressors, which are capable of augmenting heating capacity at low temperatures and maintain superior part-load operation efficiency at moderate temperatures. Two options of tandem compressors were studied; the first employs two identical, single-speed compressors, and the second employs two identical, vapor-injection compressors. The investigations were based on system modeling and laboratory evaluation. Both designs have successfully met the performance criteria. Laboratory evaluation showed that the tandem, single-speed compressor ASHP system is able to achieve heating COP = 4.2 at 47 F (8.3 C), COP = 2.9 at 17 F (-8.3 C), and 76% rated capacity and COP = 1.9 at -13 F (-25 C). This yields a HSPF = 11.0 (per AHRI 210/240). The tandem, vapor-injection ASHP is able to reach heating COP = 4.4 at 47 F, COP = 3.1 at 17 F, and 88% rated capacity and COP = 2.0 at -13 F. This yields a HSPF = 12.0. The system modeling and further laboratory evaluation are presented in the paper.

  1. Physics Nobel winner David Gross gives public lecture at Jefferson Lab on

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    June 12 (Monday) | Jefferson Lab Nobel winner David Gross gives public lecture at Jefferson Lab on June 12 (Monday) Physics Nobel winner David Gross gives public lecture at Jefferson Lab on June 12 (Monday) June 6, 2006 David Gross David Gross, Nobel Prize recipient and lecturer David Gross, Nobel Prize recipient is scheduled to give a free, public lecture titled "The Coming Revolutions in Fundamental Physics" beginning at 8 p.m. at Jefferson Lab on (Monday) June 12. He is one of

  2. ARM: AOS Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (Dataset) | Data

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Explorer AOS Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Title: ARM: AOS Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer AOS Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Authors: Scott Smith ; Cynthia Salwen ; Janek Uin ; Alice Cialella ; Gunnar Senum ; Stephen Springston Publication Date: 2012-11-16 OSTI Identifier: 1095581 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge

  3. New York State oil company gross receipts taxation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, P.E., Jr.

    1983-12-01

    New York's Governor Cuomo was able to mediate a settlement with 18 major oil companies subject to gross receipts taxation. The compromise was intended to end three years of litigation and to assure a tax revenue flow to the state of hundreds of millions of dollars. It represents New York's effort to single out a handful of large national companies for special burdens and a final resolution of a dispute over the state's attempt to prevent these companies from passing through their tax liabilities to consumers in the prices of petroleum products. This article reviews oil company taxation in New York State and the effects of the recent accord. 95 references.

  4. Low Cost, High Efficiency Tandem Silicon Solar Cells and LEDs...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Building Energy Efficiency Building Energy ... Return to Search Low Cost, High Efficiency Tandem Silicon Solar Cells and LEDs ... gaps will lead to efficient power conversion. ...

  5. Axisymmetric Tandem Mirror Magnetic Fusion Energy Power Plant...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A fusion power plant is described that utilizes a new version of the tandem mirror device including spinning liquid walls. The magnetic configuration is evaluated with an ...

  6. High-efficiency, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem photovoltaic...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Tidal Industrial Technologies Solar Photovoltaic Solar Thermal Startup America Vehicles ... High-efficiency, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem photovoltaic energy converters United ...

  7. Axisymmetric Tandem Mirror Magnetic Fusion Energy Power Plant...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Magnetic Fusion Energy Power Plant with Thick Liquid-Walls Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Axisymmetric Tandem Mirror Magnetic Fusion Energy Power Plant with Thick ...

  8. Tandem robot control system and method for controlling mobile robots in tandem

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hayward, David R.; Buttz, James H.; Shirey, David L.

    2002-01-01

    A control system for controlling mobile robots provides a way to control mobile robots, connected in tandem with coupling devices, to navigate across difficult terrain or in closed spaces. The mobile robots can be controlled cooperatively as a coupled system in linked mode or controlled individually as separate robots.

  9. Method of fabricating bifacial tandem solar cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wojtczuk, Steven J; Chiu, Philip T; Zhang, Xuebing; Gagnon, Edward; Timmons, Michael

    2014-10-07

    A method of fabricating on a semiconductor substrate bifacial tandem solar cells with semiconductor subcells having a lower bandgap than the substrate bandgap on one side of the substrate and with subcells having a higher bandgap than the substrate on the other including, first, growing a lower bandgap subcell on one substrate side that uses only the same periodic table group V material in the dislocation-reducing grading layers and bottom subcells as is present in the substrate and after the initial growth is complete and then flipping the substrate and growing the higher bandgap subcells on the opposite substrate side which can be of different group V material.

  10. California--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) California--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 14,763 14,963 1980's 14,080 13,929 14,153 13,916 13,844 19,504 18,277 13,030 11,141 9,098 1990's 8,083 7,610 7,242 6,484 7,204 5,904 6,309 7,171 6,883 6,738 2000's 7,808 7,262 7,068 6,866 6,966 6,685 6,809 7,289 7,029 6,052 2010's 5,554 5,163 5,051 5,470 5,805 5,146 - = No Data Reported;

  11. Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 2007 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 7 6 6 2008 8 9 8 8 8 8 9 8 9 9 9 8 2009 9 10 10 9 9 9 7 7 7 7 7 6 2010 6 6 6 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 2011 5 5 5 6 5 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 2012 5 5 5 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 2013 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 2 4 2014 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2015 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2016 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA - = No Data

  12. Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 4,412 4,442 4,472 4,563 4,567 4,760 4,700 4,664 4,722 4,747 4,732 4,739 2007 4,634 4,850 5,019 4,778 4,979 4,916 4,902 4,924 4,892 4,945 4,909 4,888 2008 5,018 5,144 5,074 5,208 5,215 5,241 5,256 4,896 5,224 5,126 5,145 5,318 2009 5,322 5,433 5,262 5,207 5,325 5,331 5,293 5,241 5,076 5,055 5,067 4,923 2010 4,915 4,976 5,005

  13. Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 2007 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 2008 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 2009 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 8 2010 6 7 5 5 5 4 3 1 2 2 3 4 2011 5 6 4 3 4 4 5 3 2 3 3 3 2012 3 2 2 2 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 3 2013 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 3 2014 4 3 3 3 4 4 4 3 2 2 3 3 2015 3 2 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 2016 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA - = No Data

  14. Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 17,026 16,952 17,141 17,220 17,297 17,234 17,273 17,375 17,575 17,553 17,641 17,679 2007 17,566 18,044 18,509 18,549 18,805 19,080 19,125 19,431 19,564 19,755 20,088 20,268 2008 20,241 20,613 20,917 21,066 21,391 21,446 21,547 21,777 20,435 21,948 22,218 22,112 2009 22,211 22,025 22,007 21,633 21,304 21,058 20,772 20,705 20,303

  15. Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 919 931 941 945 953 956 948 987 1,010 1,023 1,046 1,053 2007 997 1,050 1,093 1,098 1,126 1,083 1,091 1,098 984 900 1,057 1,092 2008 1,092 1,130 1,148 1,185 1,196 1,198 1,200 1,277 1,276 1,241 1,275 1,259 2009 1,273 1,289 1,300 1,278 1,254 1,218 1,224 1,222 1,178 1,195 1,203 1,148 2010 1,146 1,169 1,188 1,223 1,234 1,216 1,198

  16. Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 5,624 5,636 5,666 5,613 5,495 5,656 5,823 5,730 5,658 6,063 6,164 6,284 2007 6,196 6,040 6,149 6,093 6,046 6,085 6,094 6,179 6,176 6,047 6,512 6,604 2008 6,469 6,436 6,722 6,767 6,771 6,839 6,940 6,835 6,447 6,909 7,126 7,297 2009 7,067 7,220 7,135 7,028 6,957 7,030 6,446 6,746 6,461 7,010 7,256 7,057 2010 7,074 7,092 7,110

  17. Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 9,244 9,681 9,288 8,745 7,770 8,330 7,865 8,192 8,642 9,084 9,268 9,369 2007 10,019 10,510 10,078 9,495 8,441 9,040 8,531 8,899 9,389 9,855 10,059 10,159 2008 9,833 9,963 9,894 9,323 8,290 8,875 8,375 8,739 9,221 9,674 9,876 9,972 2009 9,533 10,007 9,594 9,042 8,040 8,606 8,120 8,476 8,943 9,380 9,577 9,668 2010 9,389 9,849

  18. Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2007 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2008 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2009 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2010 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2011 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 NA NA NA NA NA NA

  19. Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 3,344 3,357 3,340 3,314 3,325 3,313 3,299 3,357 3,329 3,380 3,369 3,202 2007 3,377 3,358 3,396 3,475 3,462 3,485 3,477 3,393 3,617 3,456 3,543 3,209 2008 3,707 3,645 3,679 3,900 3,707 3,576 3,834 4,056 4,049 3,860 3,978 3,998 2009 4,330 4,353 4,298 4,238 4,244 4,149 4,148 4,104 4,032 3,985 4,025 3,810 2010 4,233 4,350 4,295

  20. Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 3,649 3,687 3,775 3,772 3,822 3,858 3,789 3,785 3,810 3,799 3,786 3,776 2007 3,718 3,672 3,750 3,794 3,866 3,875 3,869 3,759 3,784 3,789 3,785 3,793 2008 3,797 3,791 3,820 3,852 3,934 3,989 4,008 3,896 2,960 3,718 3,916 3,802 2009 3,829 3,925 3,941 4,034 4,119 4,134 4,220 4,382 4,448 4,616 4,801 4,772 2010 4,930 5,193 5,385

  1. A tandem-based compact dual-energy gamma generator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Persaud, A.; Kwan, J.W.; Leitner, M.; Leung, K.N.; Ludewigt, B.; Tanaka, N.; Waldron, W.; Wilde, S.; Antolak, A.J.; Morse, D.H.; Raber, T.

    2009-11-11

    A dual-energy tandem-type gamma generator has been developed at E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories. The tandem accelerator geometry allows higher energy nuclear reactions to be reached, thereby allowing more flexible generation of MeV-energy gammas for active interrogation applications.

  2. Fact# 904: December 21, 2015 Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle Travel:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Both Increased during 2015 | Department of Energy 4: December 21, 2015 Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle Travel: Both Increased during 2015 Fact# 904: December 21, 2015 Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle Travel: Both Increased during 2015 SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week The nation's highway vehicle miles of travel (VMT) and the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) reflect strikingly similar patterns, indicating the strong relationship between the nation's economy and its travel. Beginning in

  3. Fact #904: December 21, 2015 Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle Travel:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Both Increased during 2015 - Dataset | Department of Energy Fact #904: December 21, 2015 Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle Travel: Both Increased during 2015 - Dataset Fact #904: December 21, 2015 Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle Travel: Both Increased during 2015 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle Travel: Both Increased during 2015 fotw#904_web_rev.xlsx (19.75 KB) More Documents & Publications Vehicle Technologies Office Spring 2016 Quarterly

  4. Table 6.4 Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Natural Gas Well Productivity, 1960-2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Natural Gas Well Productivity, 1960-2011 Year Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals From Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Coalbed, and Shale Gas Wells Natural Gas Well Productivity Texas 1 Louisiana 1 Oklahoma Other States 1 Federal Gulf of Mexico 2 Total Onshore Offshore Total Gross With- drawals From Natural Gas Wells 3 Producing Wells 4 Average Productivity Federal State Total Million Cubic Feet Million Cubic Feet Million Cubic Feet Number Cubic Feet per Well 1960 6,964,900

  5. U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Gross Withdrawals 26,056,893 26,816,085 28,479,026 29,542,313 30,005,254 31,895,427 1936-2014 From Gas Wells 14,414,287 13,247,498 12,291,070 12,504,227 11,255,616 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 5,674,120 5,834,703 5,907,919 4,965,833 5,427,676 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 3,958,315 5,817,122

  6. Gross national happiness as a framework for health impact assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pennock, Michael; Ura, Karma

    2011-01-15

    The incorporation of population health concepts and health determinants into Health Impact Assessments has created a number of challenges. The need for intersectoral collaboration has increased; the meaning of 'health' has become less clear; and the distinctions between health impacts, environmental impacts, social impacts and economic impacts have become increasingly blurred. The Bhutanese concept of Gross National Happiness may address these issues by providing an over-arching evidence-based framework which incorporates health, social, environmental and economic contributors as well as a number of other key contributors to wellbeing such as culture and governance. It has the potential to foster intersectoral collaboration by incorporating a more limited definition of health which places the health sector as one of a number of contributors to wellbeing. It also allows for the examination of the opportunity costs of health investments on wellbeing, is consistent with whole-of-government approaches to public policy and emerging models of social progress.

  7. Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2009 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2010 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2011 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2012 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2013 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA

  8. Spatial confinement and thermal deconfinement in the Gross-Neveu model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malbouisson, J. M. C.; Khanna, F. C.; Malbouisson, A. P. C.

    2007-06-19

    We discuss the occurrence of spatial confinement and thermal deconfinement in the massive, D-dimensional, Gross-Neveu model with compactified spatial dimensions.

  9. Grade Assignments for Models Used for Calibration of Gross-Count Gamma-Ray

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Logging Systems (December 1983) | Department of Energy Grade Assignments for Models Used for Calibration of Gross-Count Gamma-Ray Logging Systems (December 1983) Grade Assignments for Models Used for Calibration of Gross-Count Gamma-Ray Logging Systems (December 1983) Grade Assignments for Models Used for Calibration of Gross-Count Gamma-Ray Logging Systems (December 1983) Grade Assignments for Models Used for Calibration of Gross-Count Gamma-Ray Logging Systems (December 1983) (2.28 MB)

  10. Parametric systems analysis for tandem mirror hybrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, J.D.; Chapin, D.L.; Chi, J.W.H.

    1980-09-01

    Fusion fission systems, consisting of fissile producing fusion hybrids combining a tandem mirror fusion driver with various blanket types and net fissile consuming LWR's, have been modeled and analyzed parametrically. Analysis to date indicates that hybrids can be competitive with mined uranium when U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ cost is about 100 $/lb., adding less than 25% to present day cost of power from LWR's. Of the three blanket types considered, uranium fast fission (UFF), thorium fast fission (ThFF), and thorium fission supressed (ThFS), the ThFS blanket has a modest economic advantage under most conditions but has higher support ratios and potential safety advantages under all conditions.

  11. Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available;

  12. Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  13. Polymer Solar Cells: New Materials, 3D Morphology, and Tandem...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    on the quantum and energy efficiency by which photons from the sun are absorbed and can be converted ... Using this strategy a solution processed polymer tandem cell with an ...

  14. An Overview of the SGP Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    An Overview of the SGP Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Collins, Don Texas A&M University Spencer, Chance Texas A&M University Category: Instruments A differential mobility analyzer / tandem differential mobility analyzer (DMA / TDMA) system was integrated into the Aerosol Observing System (AOS) trailer at the SGP site in September, 2005. This instrument is used to continuously characterize the size-resolved concentration, hygroscopicity, and volatility of submicron particles. These

  15. Engineering problems of tandem-mirror reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moir, R.W.; Barr, W.L.; Boghosian, B.M.

    1981-10-22

    We have completed a comparative evaluation of several end plug configurations for tandem mirror fusion reactors with thermal barriers. The axi-cell configuration has been selected for further study and will be the basis for a detailed conceptual design study to be carried out over the next two years. The axi-cell end plug has a simple mirror cell produced by two circular coils followed by a transition coil and a yin-yang pair, which provides for MHD stability. This paper discusses some of the many engineering problems facing the designer. We estimated the direct cost to be 2$/W/sub e/. Assuming total (direct and indirect) costs to be twice this number, we need to reduce total costs by factors between 1.7 and 2.3 to compete with future LWRs levelized cost of electricity. These reductions may be possible by designing magnets producing over 20T made possible by use of combinations of superconducting and normal conducting coils as well as improvements in performance and cost of neutral beam and microwave power systems. Scientific and technological understanding and innovation are needed in the area of thermal barrier pumping - a process by which unwanted particles are removed (pumped) from certain regions of velocity and real space in the end plug. Removal of exhaust fuel ions, fusion ash and impurities by action of a halo plasma and plasma dump in the mirror end region is another challenging engineering problem discussed in this paper.

  16. Fact #768: February 25, 2013 New Light Vehicle Sales and Gross Domestic

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Product | Department of Energy 8: February 25, 2013 New Light Vehicle Sales and Gross Domestic Product Fact #768: February 25, 2013 New Light Vehicle Sales and Gross Domestic Product Over the last four decades, new light vehicle sales have gone from a low of 9.9 million vehicles in 1970 to a high of 17.1 million vehicles sold in 2001, but along the way, there have been significant ups and downs. Those ups and downs are also reflected in the change in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) over time

  17. Fact #621: May 3, 2010 Gross Vehicle Weight vs. Empty Vehicle Weight

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The gross weight of a vehicle (GVW) is the weight of the empty vehicle plus the weight of the maximum payload that the vehicle was designed to carry. In cars and small light trucks, the difference...

  18. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7:59:57 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSNUSMMCF" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas ...

  19. EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 4e. Gross Output by Selected Industries...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4e. Gross Output1by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002...

  20. EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 3e. Gross Output by Selected Industries...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3e. Gross Output1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998...

  1. Fact #564: March 30, 2009 Transportation and the Gross Domestic Product, 2007

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Transportation plays a major role in the U.S. economy. About 10% of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2007 is related to transportation. Housing, health care, and food are the only...

  2. OSTIblog Articles in the David Gross Topic | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    David Gross Topic 100th DOE R&D Accomplishments Feature Page Celebration by Linda McBrearty 07 Jul, 2013 in Products and Content 7566 Accomp100slide.preview.jpg 100th DOE R&D ...

  3. The one-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation and its some excitation states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prayitno, T. B.

    2015-04-16

    We have derived some excitation states of the one-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation coupled by the gravitational potential. The methods that we have used here are taken by pursuing the recent work of Kivshar et. al. by considering the equation as a macroscopic quantum oscillator. To obtain the states, we have made the appropriate transformation to reduce the three-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation into the one-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation and applying the time-independent perturbation theory in the general solution of the one-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation as a linear superposition of the normalized eigenfunctions of the Schrödinger equation for the harmonic oscillator potential. Moreover, we also impose the condition by assuming that some terms in the equation should be so small in order to preserve the use of the perturbation method.

  4. 23 V.S.A. Section 1392 Gross Weight Limits on Highways | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Section 1392 Gross Weight Limits on HighwaysLegal Abstract Statute establishes the motor vehicle weight, load size, not to exceed 80,000 pounds without a permit. Published NA...

  5. The query execution engine in Tandem`s new ServerWare SQL product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Celis, P.; Zeller, H.

    1996-12-31

    Tandem has re-written its SQL compiler and its query execution engine into a new product that will be available on multiple operating systems. The new product uses a novel query execution engine and we will highlight the unique aspects of the new engine. ServerWare SQL uses a data flow and scheduler driven task model to execute queries. Tasks communicate either via in-memory queues or via interprocess communication. Partitioned, pipelined, or independent operations are executed in parallel. By adding new task types the model can be easily extended. Parallelism in a distributed memory environment is implemented as a special {open_quotes}Exchange{close_quotes} task type, as in the Volcano research prototype. Scheduling and load balancing are performed by separate scheduler tasks.

  6. Counter-Rotating Tandem Motor Drilling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kent Perry

    2009-04-30

    Gas Technology Institute (GTI), in partnership with Dennis Tool Company (DTC), has worked to develop an advanced drill bit system to be used with microhole drilling assemblies. One of the main objectives of this project was to utilize new and existing coiled tubing and slimhole drilling technologies to develop Microhole Technology (MHT) so as to make significant reductions in the cost of E&P down to 5000 feet in wellbores as small as 3.5 inches in diameter. This new technology was developed to work toward the DOE's goal of enabling domestic shallow oil and gas wells to be drilled inexpensively compared to wells drilled utilizing conventional drilling practices. Overall drilling costs can be lowered by drilling a well as quickly as possible. For this reason, a high drilling rate of penetration is always desired. In general, high drilling rates of penetration (ROP) can be achieved by increasing the weight on bit and increasing the rotary speed of the bit. As the weight on bit is increased, the cutting inserts penetrate deeper into the rock, resulting in a deeper depth of cut. As the depth of cut increases, the amount of torque required to turn the bit also increases. The Counter-Rotating Tandem Motor Drilling System (CRTMDS) was planned to achieve high rate of penetration (ROP) resulting in the reduction of the drilling cost. The system includes two counter-rotating cutter systems to reduce or eliminate the reactive torque the drillpipe or coiled tubing must resist. This would allow the application of maximum weight-on-bit and rotational velocities that a coiled tubing drilling unit is capable of delivering. Several variations of the CRTDMS were designed, manufactured and tested. The original tests failed leading to design modifications. Two versions of the modified system were tested and showed that the concept is both positive and practical; however, the tests showed that for the system to be robust and durable, borehole diameter should be substantially larger than

  7. UPGRADE AND OPERATION OF THE BNL TANDEMS FOR RHIC INJECTION.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STESKI,D.B.; ALESSI,J.; BENJAMIN,J.; CARLSON,C.; MANNI,M.; THIEBERGER,P.; WIPLICH,M.

    2001-06-18

    One of the tandem Van de Graaffs (MP7) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has successfully completed its first year as an injector for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The tandem provided pulsed beam of Au{sup +32} (peak intensity 80 e{mu}A, 500{micro}s) with only 17 hours of downtime during a 5 month run. Improvements are being made to further increase the intensity of the gold beam for the experimental run starting in 2001. A second tandem Van de Graaff (MP6) has been extensively upgraded and can now reach a terminal voltage of over 14MV. A beamline has been constructed to transport the MP6 beam around MP7 and then connect to the existing MP7 beamlines. This has allowed MP6 to deliver beam to local target rooms for an outside user program, while MP7 has simultaneously injected RHIC. MP6 can also be used as an injector for RHIC.

  8. ,"California--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  9. ,"Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  10. North Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    North Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) North Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 158 155 160 165 167 169 170 174 182 186 185 190 2007 187 188 185 189 191 194 196 204 202 203 207 182 2008 209 207 215 221 232 243 243 249 260 267 269 242 2009 241 243 245 250 247 249 258 263 260 255 267 262 2010 252 272 279 282 302 305 324 331 343 348 360 343 2011 340 342 360 359 364 397 434 466

  11. ,"Other States Total Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Total Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Other States Total Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","8/2016","01/15/1989" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release

  12. ,"Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1060_rtxsf_2a.xls"

  13. ,"US--Federal Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","US--Federal Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1060_rusf_2a.xls"

  14. ,"US--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","US--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1060_russf_2a.xls"

  15. c10a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 143 187 90 170 95 1,313 1,709 1,010 1,915 975 108.7 109.6 88.8 89.0 97.9 5,001 to 10,000 ......

  16. c13a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    1,040 344 101 6,782 Energy End Uses (more than one may apply) Buildings with Space Heating ... 4,171 66,410 15.9 10,365 3,433 1,006 78,955 Buildings with Cooling...

  17. c34a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... 14,248 0.02 14.7 0.02 1.03 Principal Building Activity Education ... 12,911 0.18 13.7 0.19 1.06 Food Sales...

  18. c21a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    201 412 431 13,124 31,858 25,200 15.3 12.9 17.1 Principal Building Activity Education ... 9 55 45 806 5,378 3,687 11.1 10.2 12.2...

  19. c29a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Principal Building Activity Education ... 16 21 28 797 420 802 20.6 48.8 34.8 Food...

  20. c3a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... 8 7,660 937.6 906 110,855 118.2 Principal Building Activity Education ... 386 9,874 25.6 820 2,125 83.1 Food Sales...

  1. c28a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... Q 20 Q Q Q Q Q 19.3 Q Principal Building Activity Education ... 14 25 Q 380 1,274 Q 38.1 19.6 Q Food...

  2. c1a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... 3,825 63,560 6,149 10,402 3,445 1,987 181 536 Buildings with Water Heating ... 3,659 62,827 6,158 10,202 3,379 2,035 218 525 Notes: Site...

  3. c30a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 57 84 35 58 16 666 1,015 427 832 234 84.8 83.1 81.9 69.6 66.6 5,001 to 10,000 ......

  4. c24a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Buildings ... 803 42.0 17.9 37.4 71.0 6.3 0.33 7.86 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 220 78.6 23.8...

  5. c23a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Thousand Cubic Feet (dollars) All Buildings ... 803 42.0 17.9 37.4 71.0 6.3 0.33 7.86 Building...

  6. c2a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Buildings ... 4,859 71,658 107,897 82,783 16,010 1,826 7,279 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ......

  7. c4a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Buildings ... 4,859 71,658 14.7 107,897 22.2 1.51 16.54 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 2,586...

  8. c11a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Buildings ... 1,248 2,553 2,721 13,955 32,332 25,371 89.4 79.0 107.3 Principal Building Activity Education ......

  9. c14a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Buildings ... 226 14.9 3.8 8.8 18.1 17.9 1.18 0.079 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 48 17.8...

  10. c22a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Buildings ... 162 538 343 17,509 32,945 19,727 9.2 16.3 17.4 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ......

  11. c31a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Buildings ... 467 882 688 7,144 21,928 19,401 65.4 40.2 35.5 Principal Building Activity Education ... Q 137...

  12. c32a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    . 580 986 471 12,407 22,762 13,304 46.8 43.3 35.4 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 86 103 61 1,245 1,271 659 69.0 81.0 92.1 5,001...

  13. c6a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    24,395 23,398 38,398 21,706 17.47 13.01 16.95 20.42 1.74 1.29 1.44 1.69 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 2,398 3,255 4,899 2,530...

  14. c17a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    41 131 168 3,430 10,469 12,202 12.0 12.5 13.8 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 5 9 20 369 662 921 12.9 13.9 21.9 5,001 to 10,000...

  15. c20a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    137 254 189 261 202 11,300 18,549 12,374 17,064 10,894 12.1 13.7 15.3 15.3 18.5 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 19 27 14 32 23...

  16. c18a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    66 254 57 5,523 13,837 3,546 12.0 18.3 16.2 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 10 28 7 821 1,233 481 12.4 22.4 15.4 5,001 to...

  17. c15a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    72 234 452 185 13,899 17,725 26,017 12,541 12.4 13.2 17.4 14.7 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... 14 30 52 19 1,031 1,742 2,410...

  18. c38a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table....

  19. c33a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table....

  20. c13a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook

    EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table....

  1. c37a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table....

  2. c36a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table....

  3. c35a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table....

  4. c1a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table....

  5. c9a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Q Q Q Q Q 1,119 Q Q Q Principal Building Activity Education ... 74 53 76 1,198 640 1,027 61.4 82.9 74.3...

  6. c8a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Q 171 Q Q 1,572 Q Q 109.0 Q Principal Building Activity Education ... 45 198 Q 552 2,445 341 81.0 80.9 Q Food...

  7. c7a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Q Q Q Q 1,451 1,192 Q Q Q Principal Building Activity Education ... Q 143 175 Q 1,384 1,990 Q 103.1 87.7 Food...

  8. c27a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    53.1 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ... Q 42 69 Q 427 741 Q 98.4 92.9 5,001 to 10,000 ... Q 32 49 Q...

  9. Summary of results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simonen, T.C.

    1981-02-26

    This report summarizes results from the successful experimental operation of the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) over the period October 1978 through September 1980. The experimental program, summarized by the DOE milestones given in Table 1-1, had three basic phases: (1) an 8-month checkout period, October 1978 through May 1979; (2) a 6-month initial period of operation, June through November 1979, during which the basic principles of the tandem configuration were demonstrated (i.e., plasma confinement was improved over that of a single-cell mirror); and (3) a 10-month period, December 1979 through September 1980, during which the initial TMX results were corroborated by additional diagnostic measurements and many detailed physics investigations were carried out. This report summarizes the early results, presents results of recent data analysis, and outlines areas of ongoing research and data analysis which will be reported in future journal publications.

  10. Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw; Ager, III, Joel W.; Yu, Kin Man

    2012-03-06

    A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

  11. Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw; Ager, III, Joel W.; Yu, Kin Man

    2011-10-18

    A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

  12. "Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Real GDP Growth Trend" " (cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown for each AEO)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013 "AEO

  13. Gross error detection and stage efficiency estimation in a separation process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serth, R.W.; Srikanth, B. . Dept. of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering); Maronga, S.J. . Dept. of Chemical and Process Engineering)

    1993-10-01

    Accurate process models are required for optimization and control in chemical plants and petroleum refineries. These models involve various equipment parameters, such as stage efficiencies in distillation columns, the values of which must be determined by fitting the models to process data. Since the data contain random and systematic measurement errors, some of which may be large (gross errors), they must be reconciled to obtain reliable estimates of equipment parameters. The problem thus involves parameter estimation coupled with gross error detection and data reconciliation. MacDonald and Howat (1988) studied the above problem for a single-stage flash distillation process. Their analysis was based on the definition of stage efficiency due to Hausen, which has some significant disadvantages in this context, as discussed below. In addition, they considered only data sets which contained no gross errors. The purpose of this article is to extend the above work by considering alternative definitions of state efficiency and efficiency estimation in the presence of gross errors.

  14. Charge exchange cooling in the tandem mirror plasma confinement apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Logan, B. Grant

    1978-01-01

    Method and apparatus for cooling a plasma of warm charged species confined in the center mirror cell of the tandem mirror apparatus by injecting cold neutral species of the plasma into at least one mirroring region of the center mirror cell, the cooling due to the loss of warm charged species through charge exchange with the cold neutral species with resulting diffusion of the warm neutral species out of the plasma.

  15. Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) Fact Sheet | Argonne

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    National Laboratory Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) Fact Sheet The ATLAS facility is a leading facility for nuclear structure research in the United States. Any stable ion can be accelerated in ATLAS, the world's first superconducting linear accelerator for ions, and delivered to one of its several target stations. It provides a wide range of beams for nuclear reaction and structure research to a large community of users from the United States and abroad. About 20% of

  16. Inverted Metamorphic III-V Tandem Device for Photoelectrochemical Water

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Splitting - Energy Innovation Portal Vehicles and Fuels Vehicles and Fuels Solar Photovoltaic Solar Photovoltaic Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Find More Like This Return to Search Inverted Metamorphic III-V Tandem Device for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contact NREL About This Technology Technology Marketing Summary The process of photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is a promising pathway for the generation of hydrogen due

  17. High-efficiency, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem photovoltaic energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    converters - Energy Innovation Portal High-efficiency, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem photovoltaic energy converters National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contact NREL About This Technology Technology Marketing Summary Matching a semiconductor's bandgap to incident photon energy is a well-known method to achieve the most efficient photovoltaic devices. Since solar radiation consists of a wide range of wavelengths, having one semiconductor with a single bandgap to absorb all solar radiation

  18. Thermodynamically Leveraged Tandem Catalysis for Ester RC(O)O–R' Bond Hydrogenolysis. Scope and Mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohr, Tracy L.; Li, Zhi; Assary, Rajeev S.; Curtiss, Larry A; Marks, Tobin J.

    2015-06-05

    A tandem homogeneous metal triflate + supported palladium catalytic system achieves rapid and selective formal hydrogenolysis of aliphatic ester RC(O)O–R' linkages.

  19. U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gross Withdrawals Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Offshore (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 3,932,196 5,111,413 5,603,025 1980's 5,650,097 5,693,432 5,466,050 4,734,843 5,220,061 4,631,756 4,588,565 5,078,178 5,180,875 5,231,028 1990's 5,509,312 5,308,457 5,324,039 5,373,300 5,700,666 5,431,665 5,843,661 5,906,329 5,800,561 5,689,438 2000's 5,699,377 5,815,542 5,312,348 5,215,683 4,736,252

  20. New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 149 147 143 142 138 137 156 155 158 167 172 175 2007 146 144 141 139 136 135 153 152 155 164 169 172 2008 134 128 129 128 124 123 140 139 142 150 155 157 2009 119 118 115 114 111 110 125 124 127 134 138 140 2010 95 94 92 91 89 88 99 99 101 107 110 112 2011 83 82 80 79 77 76 86 86 88 93 96 97 2012 73 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 72

  1. South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 31 32 31 26 29 29 28 28 28 30 29 28 2007 29 29 31 31 32 32 31 31 37 34 37 36 2008 34 31 32 34 17 34 36 37 37 36 34 32 2009 35 36 37 37 38 38 35 34 33 33 34 35 2010 33 36 35 34 35 34 33 33 43 35 32 29 2011 28 29 29 31 29 32 36 37 37 39 40 41 2012 41 42 43 43 45 43 42 40 40 39 41 35 2013 42 43 44 46

  2. West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 588 611 599 584 608 616 606 654 628 622 645 652 2007 617 615 609 619 626 631 635 629 662 628 673 657 2008 662 676 663 662 658 670 674 678 657 692 681 657 2009 679 695 712 724 731 735 733 741 751 743 742 706 2010 702 711 708 714 717 727 729 730 738 751 754 737 2011 884 935 976 1,016 1,030 1,078 1,135 1,118 1,211 1,180

  3. Federal Offshore--Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Cubic Feet per Day) Federal Offshore--Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Federal Offshore--Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 7,927 7,675 7,768 7,985 8,290 8,296 8,302 8,121 7,992 7,849 7,894 7,685 2007 7,628 7,682 7,741 7,786 7,857 7,672 7,490 7,395 7,410 7,720 7,778 8,322 2008 7,815 7,916 7,757 7,010 6,762 7,339 7,468 6,868 2,100 4,368 5,297 5,672 2009

  4. Current- and lattice-matched tandem solar cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olson, J.M.

    1985-10-21

    A multijunction (cascade) tandem photovoltaic solar cell device is fabricated of a Ga/sub x/In/sub 1-x/P (0.505 equal to or less than x equal to or less than 0.515) top cell semiconductor lattice-matched to a GaAs bottom cell semiconductor at a low resistance heterojunction, preferably a p/sup +//n/sup +/ heterojunction between the cells. The top and bottom cells are both lattice-matched and current-matched for high efficiency solar radiation conversion to electrical energy.

  5. Tandem photovoltaic cells with a composite intermediate layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Travkin, V. V. Pakhomov, G. L.; Luk’anov, A. Yu.; Stuzhin, P. A.

    2015-11-15

    We have fabricated and tested tandem photovoltaic cells containing series-connected subcells of the “oxide–organic semiconductor–metal” type. The organic semiconductors were two phthalocyanine dyes (SubPc and PcVO); Al or Ag:Mg were used as capping metallic electrodes. A semitransparent composite metal–oxide layer formed by molybdenum oxide MoO{sub x} deposited over an ultrathin Al layer is used to join the subcells. Additionally, a MoO{sub x} layer deposited onto glass/ITO substrates serves as an anode buffer in the front subcell, and LiF deposited onto the dye layers serves as a cathode buffer in the front or rear subcells. Upon optimization of the thickness and composition of the intermediate layer, the open circuit voltage U{sub oc} amounts to 1.6 V reflecting total summation of the contributions from the each of the subcells at a wide spectral coating from 300–1000 nm. The fill factor in the tandem cell is not worse than in individually made single cells with the same scheme or in disconnected subcells.

  6. ASSESSMENT OF MARKER PROTEINS IDENTIFIED IN WHOLE CELL EXTRACTS FOR BACTERIAL SPECIATION USING LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY ELECTROSPRAY IONIZATION TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kooken, Jennifer M.; Fox, Karen F.; Fox, Alvin; Wunschel, David S.

    2014-02-02

    ASSESSMENT OF MARKER PROTEINS IDENTIFIED IN WHOLE CELL EXTRACTS FOR BACTERIAL SPECIATION USING LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY ELECTROSPRAY IONIZATION TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY

  7. ,"Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Total Offshore (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1090_sak_2a.xls"

  8. ,"California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Total Offshore (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1090_sca_2a.xls"

  9. ,"Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  10. ,"Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  11. ,"Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  12. ,"Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  13. ,"Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  14. ,"Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  15. Soliton solutions of the 3D Gross-Pitaevskii equation by a potential control method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fedele, R.; Eliasson, B.; Shukla, P. K.; Haas, F.; Jovanovic, D.; De Nicola, S.

    2010-12-14

    We present a class of three-dimensional solitary waves solutions of the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation, which governs the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). By imposing an external controlling potential, a desired time-dependent shape of the localized BEC excitation is obtained. The stability of some obtained localized solutions is checked by solving the time-dependent GP equation numerically with analytic solutions as initial conditions. The analytic solutions can be used to design external potentials to control the localized BECs in experiment.

  16. ,"Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  17. ,"Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1991" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  18. ,"Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  19. ,"New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  20. ,"Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  1. ,"South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  2. ,"Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2015,"06/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  3. ,"Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Total Offshore (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1090_stx_2a.xls"

  4. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Offshore (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Offshore (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Offshore (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","na1090_nus_2a.xls" ,"Available

  5. Status of High Performance PV: Polycrystalline Thin-Film Tandems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Symko-Davies, M.

    2005-02-01

    The High-Performance Photovoltaic (HiPerf PV) Project was initiated by the U.S. Department of Energy to substantially increase the viability of photovoltaics (PV) for cost-competitive applications so that PV can contribute significantly to our energy supply and our environment. The HiPerf PV Project aims at exploring the ultimate performance limits of existing PV technologies, approximately doubling their sunlight-to-electricity conversion efficiencies during its course. This work includes bringing thin-film cells and modules toward 25% and 20% efficiencies, respectively, and developing multijunction concentrator cells and modules able to convert more than one-third of the sun's energy to electricity (i.e., 33% efficiency). This paper will address recent accomplishments of the NREL in-house research effort involving polycrystalline thin-film tandems, as well as the research efforts under way in the subcontracted area.

  6. Tandem Filter Development for Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion from January 2003 to February 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fourspring PM

    2007-03-19

    The intent of this report is to summarize the tandem filter development for spectral control of thermophotovoltaic energy conversion from January 2003 to the termination of the program in February 2006 and to closeout tandem filter development in order to capture the knowledge gained from the development effort. Over the last three years, the goals of the tandem filter development have been the following: (1) Study the limits of the design of the interference optical coatings component of a tandem filter in order to develop higher performance designs; (2) Enhance the fabrication process of the optical interference coatings to increase the fidelity with the intended design and allow more complex, higher performing designs; (3) Support TPV module testing by providing tandem filters and assembly assistance; (4) Identify and develop materials for optical interference coatings that are stable at higher temperatures than current materials; and (5) Improve the understanding of the directional and spectral reflectance and transmittance characterization of the completed tandem filters to insure the veracity of the characterization data and to provide useful feedback to the tandem filter development process. This development effort has been a collaboration between KAPL and its contracted development partner, Rugate Technologies Inc.

  7. New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2006 4,406 4,418 4,460 4,393 4,430 4,456 4,463 4,466 4,505 4,473 4,447 4,327 2007 4,201 4,250 4,287 4,273 4,345 4,341 4,323 4,217 4,363 4,284 4,262 3,997 2008 3,820 3,958 4,128 4,157 4,170 3,975 4,179 4,092 4,069 4,168 4,078 3,957 2009 3,968 4,063 4,018 3,979 3,960 3,857 3,863 3,927 3,818 3,914 3,865 3,635 2010 3,630 3,650 3,630

  8. Synfuels from fusion: producing hydrogen with the Tandem Mirror Reactor and thermochemical cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Werner, R.W.; Ribe, F.L.

    1981-01-21

    This volume contains the following sections: (1) the Tandem Mirror fusion driver, (2) the Cauldron blanket module, (3) the flowing microsphere, (4) coupling the reactor to the process, (5) the thermochemical cycles, and (6) chemical reactors and process units. (MOW)

  9. Semi-transparent perovskite solar cells for tandems with silicon and CIGS

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Bailie, Colin D.; Christoforo, M. Greyson; Mailoa, Jonathan P.; Bowring, Andrea R.; Unger, Eva L.; Nguyen, William H.; Burschka, Julian; Pellet, Norman; Lee, Jungwoo Z.; Grätzel, Michael; et al

    2014-12-23

    A promising approach for upgrading the performance of an established low-bandgap solar technology without adding much cost is to deposit a high bandgap polycrystalline semiconductor on top to make a tandem solar cell. We use a transparent silver nanowire electrode on perovskite solar cells to achieve a semi-transparent device. We place the semi-transparent cell in a mechanically-stacked tandem configuration onto copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) and low-quality multicrystalline silicon (Si) to achieve solid-state polycrystalline tandem solar cells with a net improvement in efficiency over the bottom cell alone. Furthermore, this work paves the way for integrating perovskites into a low-costmore » and high-efficiency (>25%) tandem cell.« less

  10. Semi-transparent perovskite solar cells for tandems with silicon and CIGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailie, Colin D.; Christoforo, M. Greyson; Mailoa, Jonathan P.; Bowring, Andrea R.; Unger, Eva L.; Nguyen, William H.; Burschka, Julian; Pellet, Norman; Lee, Jungwoo Z.; Grätzel, Michael; Noufi, Rommel; Buonassisi, Tonio; Salleo, Alberto; McGehee, Michael D.

    2014-12-23

    A promising approach for upgrading the performance of an established low-bandgap solar technology without adding much cost is to deposit a high bandgap polycrystalline semiconductor on top to make a tandem solar cell. We use a transparent silver nanowire electrode on perovskite solar cells to achieve a semi-transparent device. We place the semi-transparent cell in a mechanically-stacked tandem configuration onto copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) and low-quality multicrystalline silicon (Si) to achieve solid-state polycrystalline tandem solar cells with a net improvement in efficiency over the bottom cell alone. Furthermore, this work paves the way for integrating perovskites into a low-cost and high-efficiency (>25%) tandem cell.

  11. GaP/Silicon Tandem Solar Cell with Extended Temperature Range - Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation Portal Vehicles and Fuels Vehicles and Fuels Solar Photovoltaic Solar Photovoltaic Find More Like This Return to Search GaP/Silicon Tandem Solar Cell with Extended Temperature Range NASA Glenn Research Center (http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/home/index.html) National Aeronautics and Space Administration Contact NASA About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryNASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) innovators have developed unique, tandem photovoltaic cells (or "solar

  12. Photo of the Week: Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Tandem Mirror Experiment Photo of the Week: Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment December 28, 2012 - 2:22pm Addthis This 1978 photo shows two workers inside the Mirror Fusion Test Facility, a magnetic confinement fusion device designed and built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In this experiment, magnetic mirrors are placed at both ends of a central magnetic tube. Very hot and dense plasmas inside each mirror enhanced the confinement of another plasma inside the central

  13. Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) | U.S. DOE Office of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science (SC) Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities User Facilities Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) Project Development Isotope Program Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) Community Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of

  14. Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 0 0

    from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next

  15. Hybrid tandem photovoltaic devices with a transparent conductive interconnecting recombination layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Taehee; Choi, Jin Young; Jeon, Jun Hong; Kim, Youn-Su; Kim, Bong-Soo; Lee, Doh-Kwon; Kim, Honggon; Han, Seunghee; Kim, Kyungkon

    2012-10-15

    Highlights: ► This work enhanced power conversion efficiency of the hybrid tandem solar cell from 1.0% to 2.6%. ► The interfacial series resistance of the tandem solar cell was eliminated by inserting ITO layer. ► This work shows the feasibility of the highly efficient hybrid tandem solar cells. -- Abstract: We demonstrate hybrid tandem photovoltaic devices with a transparent conductive interconnecting recombination layer. The series-connected hybrid tandem photovoltaic devices were developed by combining hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) and polymer-based organic photovoltaics (OPVs). In order to enhance the interfacial connection between the subcells, we employed highly transparent and conductive indium tin oxide (ITO) thin layer. By using the ITO interconnecting layer, the power conversion efficiency of the hybrid tandem solar cell was enhanced from 1.0% (V{sub OC} = 1.041 V, J{sub SC} = 2.97 mA/cm{sup 2}, FF = 32.3%) to 2.6% (V{sub OC} = 1.336 V, J{sub SC} = 4.65 mA/cm{sup 2}, FF = 41.98%) due to the eliminated interfacial series resistance.

  16. 1990 yearly calibration of Pacific Northwest Laboratory's gross-gamma borehole geophysical logging system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arthur, R.J.

    1990-08-01

    This report describes the 1990 yearly calibration of a gross-gamma geophysical pulse logging system owned by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and operated by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The calibration was conducted to permit the continued use of this system for geological and hydrologic studies associated with remedial investigation at the Hanford Site. Primary calibrations to equivalent uranium units were conducted in borehole model standards that were recently moved to the Hanford Site from the DOE field calibration facility in Spokane, Washington. The calibrations were performed in borehole models SBL/SBH and SBA/SBB, which contain low equivalent-uranium concentrations. The integrity of the system throughout the previous year from gamma-ray monitoring was demonstrated using the before- and after-logging field calibration readings with the field source in calibration Positions 1 and 2. Most of the Position 1 readings are within an 8% limit that is set by the governing PNL technical reference procedure as a critical value above which the instrument is considered suspect. Many of the Position 2 readings exceed the 8% limit; however, the fluctuation was traced to field-source geometry variability that affected Position 1 count rates by up to 6% and Position 2 count rates by as much as 16%. Correlations were established based on two similar approaches for relating observed count rate in before- and after-logging field calibrations to equivalent uranium concentrations. The temperature drift of the gamma-ray probe was documented and amounts to less than 0.1%/{degree}C within the temperature range 0{degree}C to 42{degree}C. The low-energy cutoff for the gross gamma-ray probe was determined to be between 46.5 and 59.5 keV. 10 refs., 4 figs., 13 tabs.

  17. Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer/Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collins, D

    2010-06-18

    The tandem differential mobility analyzer (TDMA) is a single instrument that cycles through a series of complementary measurements of the physical properties of size-resolved submicron particles. In 2008, the TDMA was augmented through the addition of an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS), which extends the upper limit of the measured size distribution into the supermicron range. These two instruments are operated in parallel, but because they are controlled by a common computer and because the size distributions measured by the two are integrated in the produced datastreams, they are described together here. Throughout the day, the TDMA sequentially measures submicron aerosol size distributions and size-resolved hygroscopic growth distributions. More specifically, the instrument is operated as a scanning DMA to measure size distributions and as a TDMA to measure size-resolved hygroscopicity. A typical measurement sequence requires roughly 45 minutes. Each morning additional measurements are made of the relative humidity (RH) dependent hygroscopicity and temperature-dependent volatility of size-resolved particles. When the outside temperature and RH are within acceptable ranges, the hydration state of size-resolved particles is also characterized. The measured aerosol distributions complement the array of aerosol instruments in the Aerosol Observing System (AOS) and provide additional details of the light-scattering and cloud-nucleating characteristics of the aerosol.

  18. Laser processing technique for fabricating series-connected and tandem junction series-connected solar cells into a solar battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanak, Joseph J.

    1981-01-01

    A method of fabricating series-connected and tandem junction series-connected solar cells into a solar battery with laser scribing.

  19. Thin Film Si Bottom Cells for Tandem Device Structures: Final Technical Report, 15 December 2003 - 15 October 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yelundur, V.; Hegedus, S.; Rohatgi, A.; Birkmire, R.

    2008-11-01

    GIT and IEC developed thin-film Si bottom cell and showed that deposition of top cell in tandem device did not reduce bottom cell performance.

  20. Suppressed gross erosion of high-temperature lithium via rapid deuterium implantation

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Abrams, T.; Jaworski, M. A.; Chen, M.; Carter, E. A.; Kaita, R.; Stotler, D. P.; De Temmerman, G.; Morgan, T. W.; van den Berg, M. A.; van der Meiden, H. J.

    2015-12-17

    Lithium-coated high-Z substrates are planned for use in the NSTX-U divertor and are a candidate plasma facing component (PFC) for reactors, but it remains necessary to characterize the gross Li erosion rate under high plasma fluxes (>1023 m-2 s-1), typical for the divertor region. In this work, a realistic model for the compositional evolution of a Li/D layer is developed that incorporates first principles molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of D diffusion in liquid Li. Predictions of Li erosion from a mixed Li/D material are also developed that include formation of lithium deuteride (LiD). The erosion rate of Li from LiDmore » is predicted to be significantly lower than from pure Li. This prediction is tested in the Magnum-PSI linear plasma device at ion fluxes of 1023-1024 m-2 s-1 and Li surface temperatures. ≤800 °C. Li/LiD coatings ranging in thickness from 0.2 to 500 μm are studied. The dynamic D/Li concentrations are inferred via diffusion simulations. The pure Li erosion rate remains greater than Langmuir Law evaporation, as expected. For mixed-material Li/LiD surfaces, the erosion rates are reduced, in good agreement with modelling in almost all cases. Lastly, these results imply that the temperature limit for a Li-coated PFC may be significantly higher than previously imagined.« less

  1. Failure of the gross theory of beta decay in neutron deficient nuclei

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Firestone, R. B.; Schwengner, R.; Zuber, K.

    2015-05-28

    The neutron deficient isotopes 117-121Xe, 117-124Cs, and 122-124Ba were produced by a beam of 28Si from the LBNL SuperHILAC on a target of natMo. The isotopes were mass separated and their beta decay schemes were measured with a Total Absorption Spectrometer (TAS). The beta strengths derived from these data decreased dramatically to levels above ≈1 MeV for the even-even decays; 3–4 MeV for even-Z, odd-N decays; 4–5 MeV for the odd-Z, even-N decays; and 7–8 MeV for the odd-Z, odd-N decays. The decreasing strength to higher excitation energies in the daughters contradicts the predictions of the Gross Theory of Betamore » Decay. The integrated beta strengths are instead found to be consistent with shell model predictions where the single-particle beta strengths are divided amoung many low-lying levels. The experimental beta strengths determined here have been used calculate the half-lives of 143 neutron deficient nuclei with Z=51–64 to a precision of 20% with respect to the measured values.« less

  2. Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual Projected Real GDP Growth Trend (cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown for each AEO) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 AEO 1994 3.09 3.15 2.86 2.78 2.73 2.65 2.62 2.60 2.56 2.53 2.52 2.49 2.45 2.41 2.40 2.36 2.32 2.29 AEO 1995 3.66 2.77 2.53 2.71 2.67 2.61 2.55 2.48 2.46 2.45 2.45 2.43 2.39 2.35 2.31 2.27 2.24 AEO 1996 2.61

  3. Failure of the gross theory of beta decay in neutron deficient nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firestone, R. B.; Schwengner, R.; Zuber, K.

    2015-05-28

    The neutron deficient isotopes 117-121Xe, 117-124Cs, and 122-124Ba were produced by a beam of 28Si from the LBNL SuperHILAC on a target of natMo. The isotopes were mass separated and their beta decay schemes were measured with a Total Absorption Spectrometer (TAS). The beta strengths derived from these data decreased dramatically to levels above ≈1 MeV for the even-even decays; 3–4 MeV for even-Z, odd-N decays; 4–5 MeV for the odd-Z, even-N decays; and 7–8 MeV for the odd-Z, odd-N decays. The decreasing strength to higher excitation energies in the daughters contradicts the predictions of the Gross Theory of Beta Decay. The integrated beta strengths are instead found to be consistent with shell model predictions where the single-particle beta strengths are divided amoung many low-lying levels. The experimental beta strengths determined here have been used calculate the half-lives of 143 neutron deficient nuclei with Z=51–64 to a precision of 20% with respect to the measured values.

  4. Weak decay processes in pre-supernova core evolution within the gross theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira, R. C.; Dimarco, A. J.; Samana, A. R.; Barbero, C. A.

    2014-03-20

    The beta decay and electron capture rates are of fundamental importance in the evolution of massive stars in a pre-supernova core. The beta decay process gives its contribution by emitting electrons in the plasma of the stellar core, thereby increasing pressure, which in turn increases the temperature. From the other side, the electron capture removes free electrons from the plasma of the star core contributing to the reduction of pressure and temperature. In this work we calculate the beta decay and electron capture rates in stellar conditions for 63 nuclei of relevance in the pre-supernova stage, employing Gross Theory as the nuclear model. We use the abundances calculated with the Saha equations in the hypothesis of nuclear statistical equilibrium to evaluate the time derivative of the fraction of electrons. Our results are compared with other evaluations available in the literature. They have shown to be one order less or equal than the calculated within other models. Our results indicate that these differences may influence the evolution of the star in the later stages of pre-supernova.

  5. Construction and operational experience of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chargin, A.K.; Calderon, M.O.; Moore, T.L.

    1983-07-01

    The Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) incorporates two new features at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) tandem mirror program, thermal barriers in the end plugs and injection of the neutral beams at several oblique angles. The thermal barriers isolate the electrons in the end plugs from those in the central cell, making it possible to heat them independently with microwaves. In addition, this innovation produces a large potential gradient in the end plugs with lower magnetic fields and lower neutral-beam energies than would be possible in a conventional tandem mirror device. The TMX-U is also designed to test neutral-beam-injection angles as an experimental parameter. We use angles other than 90/sup 0/ to produce a plasma with improved microstability.

  6. Indium Zinc Oxide Mediated Wafer Bonding for III-V/Si Tandem Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tamboli, Adele C.; Essig, Stephanie; Horowitz, Kelsey A. W.; Woodhouse, Michael; van Hest, Maikel F. A. M.; Norman, Andrew G.; Steiner, Myles A.; Stradins, Paul

    2015-06-14

    Silicon-based tandem solar cells are desirable as a high efficiency, economically viable approach to one sun or low concentration photovoltaics. We present an approach to wafer bonded III-V/Si solar cells using amorphous indium zinc oxide (IZO) as an interlayer. We investigate the impact of a heavily doped III-V contact layer on the electrical and optical properties of bonded test samples, including the predicted impact on tandem cell performance. We present economic modeling which indicates that the path to commercial viability for bonded cells includes developing low-cost III-V growth and reducing constraints on material smoothness. If these challenges can be surmounted, bonded tandems on Si can be cost-competitive with incumbent PV technologies, especially in low concentration, single axis tracking systems.

  7. Equivalent circuit analysis of radiative coupling in monolithic tandem solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lan, Dongchen E-mail: d.lan@unswalumni.com; Green, Martin A.

    2015-06-29

    As solar cell efficiency improves towards the Shockley-Queisser limit, so does the radiative efficiency of the cell. For tandem stacks of cells where energy conversion efficiency now exceeds 46%, radiative coupling between the cells is becoming increasingly important to consider in cell design, measurement, and performance prediction. We show how an equivalent circuit model can capture the complex radiative interactions between cells in such tandem stacks, allowing more insight into the impact on cell performance. The circuit's use is demonstrated by deriving results relevant to the critical step of eliminating coupling effects from measured cell spectral responses.

  8. Gross Alpha Beta Radioactivity in Air Filters Measured by Ultra Low Level alpha/beta Counter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cfarku, Florinda; Bylyku, Elida; Bakiu, Erjona; Perpunja, Flamur; Deda, Antoneta; Dhoqina, Polikron

    2010-01-21

    Study of radioactivity in air as very important for life is done regularly using different methods in every country. As a result of nuclear reactors, atomic centrals, institutions and laboratories, which use the radioactivity substances in open or closed sources, there are a lot radioactive wastes. Mixing of these wastes after treatment with rivers and lakes waters makes very important control of radioactivity. At the other side nuclear and radiological accidents are another source of the contamination of air and water. Due to their radio toxicity, especially those of Sr{sup 90}, Pu{sup 239}, etc. a contamination hazard for human begins exist even at low concentration levels. Measurements of radioactivity in air have been performed in many parts of the world mostly for assessment of the doses and risk resulting from consuming air. In this study we present the results of international comparison organized by IAEA Vienna, Austria for the air filters spiked with unknown Alpha and Beta Activity. For the calibration of system we used the same filters spiked: a) with Pu-239 as alpha source; b) Sr-90 as beta source and also the blank filter. The measurements of air filter samples after calibration of the system are done with Ultra Low Level alpha/beta Counter (MPC 9604) Protean Instrument Corporation. The high sensitivity of the system for the determination of the Gross Alpha and Beta activity makes sure detection of low values activity of air filters. Our laboratory results are: Aalpha = (0.19+-0.01) Bq/filter and Aalpha(IAEA) = (0.17+-0.009) Bq/filter; A{sub b}eta = (0.33+-0.009) Bq/filter and A{sub b}eta (IAEA) = (0.29+-0.01) Bq/filter. As it seems our results are in good agreement with reference values given by IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency).

  9. Suppressed gross erosion of high-temperature lithium via rapid deuterium implantation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abrams, T.; Jaworski, M. A.; Chen, M.; Carter, E. A.; Kaita, R.; Stotler, D. P.; De Temmerman, G.; Morgan, T. W.; van den Berg, M. A.; van der Meiden, H. J.

    2015-12-17

    Lithium-coated high-Z substrates are planned for use in the NSTX-U divertor and are a candidate plasma facing component (PFC) for reactors, but it remains necessary to characterize the gross Li erosion rate under high plasma fluxes (>1023 m-2 s-1), typical for the divertor region. In this work, a realistic model for the compositional evolution of a Li/D layer is developed that incorporates first principles molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of D diffusion in liquid Li. Predictions of Li erosion from a mixed Li/D material are also developed that include formation of lithium deuteride (LiD). The erosion rate of Li from LiD is predicted to be significantly lower than from pure Li. This prediction is tested in the Magnum-PSI linear plasma device at ion fluxes of 1023-1024 m-2 s-1 and Li surface temperatures. ≤800 °C. Li/LiD coatings ranging in thickness from 0.2 to 500 μm are studied. The dynamic D/Li concentrations are inferred via diffusion simulations. The pure Li erosion rate remains greater than Langmuir Law evaporation, as expected. For mixed-material Li/LiD surfaces, the erosion rates are reduced, in good agreement with modelling in almost all cases. Lastly, these results imply that the temperature limit for a Li-coated PFC may be significantly higher than previously imagined.

  10. High explosives vapor detection by atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization/tandem mass spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLuckey, S.A.; Goeringer, D.E.; Asano, K.G.

    1996-02-01

    The combination of atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization with tandem mass spectrometry for the detection of traces of high explosives is described. Particular emphasis is placed on use of the quadrupole ion trap as the type of tandem mass spectrometer. Atmospheric sampling glow discharge provides a simple, rugged, and efficient means for anion formation while the quadrupole ion trap provides for efficient tandem mass spectrometry. Mass selective ion accumulation and non-specific ion activation methods can be used to overcome deleterious effects arising from ion/ion interactions. Such interactions constitute the major potential technical barrier to the use of the ion trap for real-time monitoring of targeted compounds in uncontrolled and highly variable matrices. Tailored waveforms can be used to effect both mass selective ion accumulation and ion activation. Concatenated tailored waveforms allow for both functions in a single experiment thereby providing the capability for monitoring several targeted species simultaneously. The combination of atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization with a state-of-the-art analytical quadrupole ion trap is a highly sensitive and specific detector for traces of high explosives. The combination is also small and inexpensive relative to virtually any other form of tandem mass spectrometry. The science and technology underlying the glow discharge/ion trap combination is sufficiently mature to form the basis for an engineering effort to make the detector portable. 85 refs.

  11. Nuclear breeder reactor fuel element with axial tandem stacking and getter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gibby, Ronald L.; Lawrence, Leo A.; Woodley, Robert E.; Wilson, Charles N.; Weber, Edward T.; Johnson, Carl E.

    1981-01-01

    A breeder reactor fuel element having a tandem arrangement of fissile and fertile fuel with a getter for fission product cesium disposed between the fissile and fertile sections. The getter is effective at reactor operating temperatures to isolate the cesium generated by the fissile material from reacting with the fertile fuel section.

  12. Production of Ar{sup q+} ions with a tandem linear Paul trap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higaki, H. Nagayasu, K.; Iwai, T.; Ito, K.; Okamoto, H.

    2015-06-29

    A tandem linear Paul trap was used to create highly charged Argon ions by electron impact ionizations. By improving the operation scheme, the production of Ar{sup 4+} ions was confirmed. Possible improvements for the future experiments with laser cooled Ca{sup +} ions are suggested.

  13. Thermodynamically leveraged Tandem catalysis for ester RC(O)O-R' bond hydrogenolysis. scope and mechanism.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohr, Tracy L.; Li, Zhi; Assary, Rajeev S.; Curtiss, Larry A.; Marks, Tobin J.

    2015-06-01

    Rapid and selective formal hydrogenolysis of aliphatic ester RC(O)O-R' linkages is achieved by a tandem homogeneous metal triflate + supported palladium catalytic system. The triflate catalyzes the mildly exothermic, turnover-limiting O-R' cleavage process, whereas the exothermic hydrogenation of the intermediate alkene further drives the overall reaction to completion.

  14. Structure of a Longitudinal Actin Dimer Assembled by Tandem W Domains: Implications for Actin Filament Nucleation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rebowski, Grzegorz; Namgoong, Suk; Boczkowska, Malgorzata; Leavis, Paul C.; Navaza, Jorge; Dominguez, Roberto

    2013-11-20

    Actin filament nucleators initiate polymerization in cells in a regulated manner. A common architecture among these molecules consists of tandem WASP homology 2 domains (W domains) that recruit three to four actin subunits to form a polymerization nucleus. We describe a low-resolution crystal structure of an actin dimer assembled by tandem W domains, where the first W domain is cross-linked to Cys374 of the actin subunit bound to it, whereas the last W domain is followed by the C-terminal pointed end-capping helix of thymosin {beta}4. While the arrangement of actin subunits in the dimer resembles that of a long-pitch helix of the actin filament, important differences are observed. These differences result from steric hindrance of the W domain with intersubunit contacts in the actin filament. We also determined the structure of the first W domain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus VopL cross-linked to actin Cys374 and show it to be nearly identical with non-cross-linked W-Actin structures. This result validates the use of cross-linking as a tool for the study of actin nucleation complexes, whose natural tendency to polymerize interferes with most structural methods. Combined with a biochemical analysis of nucleation, the structures may explain why nucleators based on tandem W domains with short inter-W linkers have relatively weak activity, cannot stay bound to filaments after nucleation, and are unlikely to influence filament elongation. The findings may also explain why nucleation-promoting factors of the Arp2/3 complex, which are related to tandem-W-domain nucleators, are ejected from branch junctions after nucleation. We finally show that the simple addition of the C-terminal pointed end-capping helix of thymosin {beta}4 to tandem W domains can change their activity from actin filament nucleation to monomer sequestration.

  15. Sputtered II-VI Alloys and Structures forTandem PV: Final Subcontract Report, 9 December 2003 - 30 July 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Compaan, A. D.; Collins, R.; Karpov, V. G.; Giolando, D.

    2008-09-01

    This report elaborates on Phase 3 and provides summaries of the first two Phases. Phase 3 research work was divided into five task areas covering different aspects of the II-VI tandem cell.

  16. Progress towards a 30% efficient GaInP/Si tandem solar cells

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Essig, Stephanie; Ward, Scott; Steiner, Myles A.; Friedman, Daniel J.; Geisz, John F.; Stradins, Paul; Young, David L.

    2015-08-28

    The performance of dual-junction solar cells with a Si bottom cell has been investigated both theoretically and experimentally. Simulations show that adding a top junction with an energy bandgap of 1.6 -1.9 eV to a standard silicon solar cell enables efficiencies over 38%. Currently, top junctions of GaInP (1.8 eV) are the most promising as they can achieve 1-sun efficiencies of 20.8% [1]. We fabricated mechanically stacked, four terminal GaInP/Si tandem solar cells using a transparent adhesive between the subcells. These tandem devices achieved an efficiency of 27% under AM1.5 g spectral conditions. Furthermore, higher efficiencies can be achieved bymore » using an improved Si-bottom cell and by optimizing the dual-junction device for long-wavelength light and luminescent coupling between the two junctions.« less

  17. Progress towards a 30% efficient GaInP/Si tandem solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Essig, Stephanie; Ward, Scott; Steiner, Myles A.; Friedman, Daniel J.; Geisz, John F.; Stradins, Paul; Young, David L.

    2015-08-28

    The performance of dual-junction solar cells with a Si bottom cell has been investigated both theoretically and experimentally. Simulations show that adding a top junction with an energy bandgap of 1.6 -1.9 eV to a standard silicon solar cell enables efficiencies over 38%. Currently, top junctions of GaInP (1.8 eV) are the most promising as they can achieve 1-sun efficiencies of 20.8% [1]. We fabricated mechanically stacked, four terminal GaInP/Si tandem solar cells using a transparent adhesive between the subcells. These tandem devices achieved an efficiency of 27% under AM1.5 g spectral conditions. Furthermore, higher efficiencies can be achieved by using an improved Si-bottom cell and by optimizing the dual-junction device for long-wavelength light and luminescent coupling between the two junctions.

  18. Development of Highly-Efficient GaInP/Si Tandem Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Essig, Stephanie; Geisz, John F.; Steiner, Myles A.; Merkle, Agnes; Peibst, Robby; Schmidt, Jan; Brendel, Rolf; Ward, Scott; Friedman, Daniel J.; Stradins, Paul; Young, David L.

    2015-06-14

    Dual-junction solar cells consisting of rear-heterojunction GaInP top cells and back-junction, back-contacted crystalline Si bottom cells were fabricated and characterized. Our calculations show that theoretical efficiencies up to 38.9% can be achieved with Si-based tandem devices. In our experiments, the two subcells were fabricated separately and stacked with an index matching fluid. In contrast to conventional mechanically stacked solar cells, that contain two metal grids at the interface, our concept includes a fully back contacted bottom cell which reduces the shadow losses in the device. A 1-sun AM1.5g cumulative efficiency of (26.2 +/- 0.6)% has been achieved with this novel GaInP/Si 4-terminal tandem solar cell.

  19. Polymer Solar Cells: New Materials, 3D Morphology, and Tandem Devices |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    MIT-Harvard Center for Excitonics Polymer Solar Cells: New Materials, 3D Morphology, and Tandem Devices March 2, 2010 at 3pm/36-428 René Janssen Molecular Materials and Nanosystems, Eindhoven University of Technology ReneJanssen2-small_000 abstract: Polymer solar cells offer an opportunity for low-cost, large area renewable energy production. These devices use a phase separated blend of two organic semiconductors with energy levels that lead to intermolecular charge transfer after

  20. High-efficiency, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem photovoltaic energy converters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, Mark W.

    2011-11-29

    A monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem solar photovoltaic converter has at least one, and preferably at least two, subcells grown lattice-matched on a substrate with a bandgap in medium to high energy portions of the solar spectrum and at least one subcell grown lattice-mismatched to the substrate with a bandgap in the low energy portion of the solar spectrum, for example, about 1 eV.

  1. Synfuels from fusion: using the tandem mirror reactor and a thermochemical cycle to produce hydrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Werner, R.W.

    1982-11-01

    This study is concerned with the following area: (1) the tandem mirror reactor and its physics; (2) energy balance; (3) the lithium oxide canister blanket system; (4) high-temperature blanket; (5) energy transport system-reactor to process; (6) thermochemical hydrogen processes; (7) interfacing the GA cycle; (8) matching power and temperature demands; (9) preliminary cost estimates; (10) synfuels beyond hydrogen; and (11) thermodynamics of the H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/-H/sub 2/O system. (MOW)

  2. High-efficiency, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, photovoltaic energy converters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, Mark W

    2014-05-27

    A monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem solar photovoltaic converter has at least one, and preferably at least two, subcells grown lattice-matched on a substrate with a bandgap in medium to high energy portions of the solar spectrum and at least one subcell grown lattice-mismatched to the substrate with a bandgap in the low energy portion of the solar spectrum, for example, about 1 eV.

  3. Simulation of gross and net erosion of high-Z materials in the DIII-D divertor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wampler, William R.; Ding, R.; Stangeby, P. C.; Elder, J. D.; Tskhakaya, D.; Kirschner, A.; Guo, H. Y.; Chan, V. S.; McLean, A. G.; Snyder, P. B.; Rudakov, D. L.

    2015-12-17

    The three-dimensional Monte Carlo code ERO has been used to simulate dedicated DIII-D experiments in which Mo and W samples with different sizes were exposed to controlled and well-diagnosed divertor plasma conditions to measure the gross and net erosion rates. Experimentally, the net erosion rate is significantly reduced due to the high local redeposition probability of eroded high-Z materials, which according to the modelling is mainly controlled by the electric field and plasma density within the Chodura sheath. Similar redeposition ratios were obtained from ERO modelling with three different sheath models for small angles between the magnetic field and the material surface, mainly because of their similar mean ionization lengths. The modelled redeposition ratios are close to the measured value. Decreasing the potential drop across the sheath can suppress both gross and net erosion because sputtering yield is decreased due to lower incident energy while the redeposition ratio is not reduced owing to the higher electron density in the Chodura sheath. Taking into account material mixing in the ERO surface model, the net erosion rate of high-Z materials is shown to be strongly dependent on the carbon impurity concentration in the background plasma; higher carbon concentration can suppress net erosion. As a result, the principal experimental results such as net erosion rate and profile and redeposition ratio are well reproduced by the ERO simulations.

  4. Simulation of gross and net erosion of high-Z materials in the DIII-D divertor

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Wampler, William R.; Ding, R.; Stangeby, P. C.; Elder, J. D.; Tskhakaya, D.; Kirschner, A.; Guo, H. Y.; Chan, V. S.; McLean, A. G.; Snyder, P. B.; et al

    2015-12-17

    The three-dimensional Monte Carlo code ERO has been used to simulate dedicated DIII-D experiments in which Mo and W samples with different sizes were exposed to controlled and well-diagnosed divertor plasma conditions to measure the gross and net erosion rates. Experimentally, the net erosion rate is significantly reduced due to the high local redeposition probability of eroded high-Z materials, which according to the modelling is mainly controlled by the electric field and plasma density within the Chodura sheath. Similar redeposition ratios were obtained from ERO modelling with three different sheath models for small angles between the magnetic field and themore » material surface, mainly because of their similar mean ionization lengths. The modelled redeposition ratios are close to the measured value. Decreasing the potential drop across the sheath can suppress both gross and net erosion because sputtering yield is decreased due to lower incident energy while the redeposition ratio is not reduced owing to the higher electron density in the Chodura sheath. Taking into account material mixing in the ERO surface model, the net erosion rate of high-Z materials is shown to be strongly dependent on the carbon impurity concentration in the background plasma; higher carbon concentration can suppress net erosion. As a result, the principal experimental results such as net erosion rate and profile and redeposition ratio are well reproduced by the ERO simulations.« less

  5. GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs Monolithic Tandem Cells for High-Performance Solar Concentrators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Geisz, J. F.; Jones, K.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Romero, M. J.

    2005-08-01

    We present a new approach for ultra-high-performance tandem solar cells that involves inverted epitaxial growth and ultra-thin device processing. The additional degree of freedom afforded by the inverted design allows the monolithic integration of high-, and medium-bandgap, lattice-matched (LM) subcell materials with lower-bandgap, lattice-mismatched (LMM) materials in a tandem structure through the use of transparent compositionally graded layers. The current work concerns an inverted, series-connected, triple-bandgap, GaInP (LM, 1.87 eV)/GaAs (LM, 1.42 eV)/GaInAs (LMM, {approx}1 eV) device structure grown on a GaAs substrate. Ultra-thin tandem devices are fabricated by mounting the epiwafers to pre-metallized Si wafer handles and selectively removing the parent GaAs substrate. The resulting handle-mounted, ultra-thin tandem cells have a number of important advantages, including improved performance and potential reclamation/reuse of the parent substrate for epitaxial growth. Additionally, realistic performance modeling calculations suggest that terrestrial concentrator efficiencies in the range of 40-45% are possible with this new tandem cell approach. A laboratory-scale (0.24 cm2), prototype GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cell with a terrestrial concentrator efficiency of 37.9% at a low concentration ratio (10.1 suns) is described, which surpasses the previous world efficiency record of 37.3%.

  6. High-Efficiency GaInP/GaAs Tandem Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertness, K. A.; Friedman, D. J.; Kurtz, S. R.; Kibbler, A. E.; Cramer, C.; Olson, J. M.

    1996-09-01

    GaInP/GaAs tandem solar cells have achieved efficiencies between 25.7-30.2%, depending on illumination conditions. The efficiencies are the highest confirmed two-terminal values measured for any solar cell within each standard illumination category. The monolithic, series-connected design of the tandem cells allows them to be substituted for silicon or gallium arsenide cells in photovoltaic panel systems with minimal design changes. The advantages of using GaInP/GaAs tandem solar cells in space and terrestrial applications are discussed primarily in terms of the reduction in balance-of-system costs that accrues when using a higher efficiency cell. The new efficiency values represent a significant improvement over previous efficiencies for this materials system, and we identify grid design, back interface passivation, and top interface passivation as the three key factors leading to this improvement. In producing the high-efficiency cells, we have addressed nondestructive diagnostics and materials growth reproducibility as well as peak cell performance.

  7. High-efficiency GaInP/GaAs tandem solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertness, K.A.; Friedman, D.J.; Kurtz, S.R.; Kibbler, A.E.; Kramer, C.; Olson, J.M.

    1994-12-01

    GaInP/GaAs tandem solar cells have achieved new record efficiencies, specifically 25.7% under air-mass 0 (AM0) illumination, 29.5% under AM 1.5 global (AM1.5G) illumination, and 30.2% at 140-180x concentration under AM 1.5 direct (AM1.5D) illumination. These values are the highest two-terminal efficiencies achieved by any solar cell under these illumination conditions. The monolithic, series-connected design of the tandem cells allows them to be substituted for silicon or gallium arsenide cells in photovoltaic panel systems with minimal design changes. The advantages of using GaInP/GaAs tandem solar cells in space and terrestrial applications are discussed primarily in terms of the reduction in balance-of-system costs that accrues when using a higher efficiency cell. The new efficiency values represent a significant improvement over previous efficiencies for this materials system, and we identify grid design, back interface passivation, and top interface passivation as the three key factors leading to this improvement. In producing the high-efficiency cells, we have addressed nondestructive diagnostics and materials growth reproducibility as well as peak cell performance. 31 refs.

  8. Three-junction solar cells comprised of a thin-film GaInP/GaAs tandem cell mechanically stacked on a Si cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yazawa, Y.; Tamura, K.; Watahiki, S.; Kitatani, T.; Ohtsuka, H.; Warabisako, T.

    1997-12-31

    Three-junction tandem solar cells were fabricated by mechanical stacking of a thin-film GaInP/GaAs monolithic tandem cell and a Si cell. The epitaxial lift-off (ELO) technique was used for the thinning of GaInP/GaAs tandem cells. Both spectral responses of the GaInP top cell and the GaAs middle cell in the thin-film GaInP/GaAs monolithic tandem cell were conserved. The Si cell performance has been improved by reducing the absorption loss in the GaAs substrate.

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    technology may exceed the state gross or axle weight limits, by the larger of 550 pounds or the maximum amount allowed by federal law to account for the weight of the technology. ...

  10. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Natural Gas Vehicle Weight Exemption A vehicle powered by compressed or liquefied natural gas may exceed the state's gross and axle vehicle weight limits by a weight equal to the ...

  11. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Natural Gas Vehicle Weight Exemption A vehicle powered by natural gas may exceed the state's gross and axle vehicle weight limits by the amount of weight calculated as provided ...

  12. Motor Carrier Management Information System Crash File, Phase...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... because VINs contain a wealth of information about the truck, including make, model, model year, gross vehicle weight rating, number of axles (of the power unit), and cab style. ...

  13. Enhancement of efficiencies for tandem green phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices with a p-type charge generation layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoo, Byung Soo; Jeon, Young Pyo; Lee, Dae Uk; Kim, Tae Whan

    2014-10-15

    The operating voltage of the tandem green phosphorescent organic light-emitting device with a 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile layer was improved by 3% over that of the organic light-emitting device with a molybdenum trioxide layer. The maximum brightness of the tandem green phosphorescent organic light-emitting device at 21.9 V was 26,540 cd/m{sup 2}. The dominant peak of the electroluminescence spectra for the devices was related to the fac-tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium emission. - Highlights: Tandem OLEDs with CGL were fabricated to enhance their efficiency. The operating voltage of the tandem OLED with a HAT-CN layer was improved by 3%. The efficiency and brightness of the tandem OLED were 13.9 cd/A and 26,540 cd/m{sup 2}. Efficiency of the OLED with a HAT-CN layer was lower than that with a MoO{sub 3} layer. - Abstract: Tandem green phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices with a 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile or a molybdenum trioxide charge generation layer were fabricated to enhance their efficiency. Current densityvoltage curves showed that the operating voltage of the tandem green phosphorescent organic light-emitting device with a 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile layer was improved by 3% over that of the corresponding organic light-emitting device with a molybdenum trioxide layer. The efficiency and the brightness of the tandem green phosphorescent organic light-emitting device were 13.9 cd/A and 26,540 cd/m{sup 2}, respectively. The current efficiency of the tandem green phosphorescent organic light-emitting device with a 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile layer was lower by 1.1 times compared to that of the corresponding organic light-emitting device with molybdenum trioxide layer due to the decreased charge generation and transport in the 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile layer resulting from triplettriplet exciton annihilation.

  14. Realistic warhead and blast shield testing of chemical energy tandem warhead systems for advanced antitank missiles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fradkin, D.B.; Hull, L.M.; Laabs, G.W.

    1990-01-01

    The results of dynamic sled track performance testing of advanced tandem configuration shaped-charge warheads against multiple-reactive-element tank armors are presented. Tandem configurations utilizing both currently fielded and experimental shaped-charge warheads were tested. Sled velocities used were between 400 and 1100 ft/s (Mach number 0.35 to 0.95), typical of the terminal approach velocity of TOW-type antitank missiles. High-speed motion pictures (5000 frames/s) of the sled in operation and a typical mock missile'' warhead package approaching the target are shown. Details of the sled design and fabrication and of the warhead package design and fabrication are presented. Sled track instrumentation is discussed. This instrumentation includes foil make/break switches and associated time interval meters (TIM) and digital delay units (DDU), magnetic Hall-effect transistors for measuring sled trajectory, and flash x-rays (FXR). Methods for timing the x-rays are presented. Schematic functional diagrams of the experimental setups are also given. Evidence of the ability to accurately time the delay between precursor and main warheads for even very long time delays are presented. FXR pictures illustrate the dynamics of the interaction of the jets with various target elements. The interaction dynamics of the jets is discussed in relation to the overall penetration performance of the tandem warhead. The use of x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy to help diagnose interaction dynamics is illustrated. The results of a test utilizing the missile propulsion rocket motor as a blast shield is presented in this paper. 2 refs., 22 figs.

  15. Acidbase bifunctional shell cross-linked micelle nanoreactor for one-pot tandem reaction

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Lee, Li -Chen; Lu, Jie; Weck, Marcus; Jones, Christopher W.

    2015-12-29

    Shell cross-linked micelles (SCMs) containing acid sites in the shell and base sites in the core are prepared from amphiphilic poly(2-oxazoline) triblock copolymers. The materials are utilized as two-chamber nanoreactors for a prototypical acid-base bifunctional tandem deacetalization-nitroaldol reaction. Furthermore, the acid and base sites are localized in different regions of the micelle, allowing the two steps in the reaction sequence to largely proceed in separate compartments, akin to the compartmentalization that occurs in biological systems.

  16. Acid–base bifunctional shell cross-linked micelle nanoreactor for one-pot tandem reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Li -Chen; Lu, Jie; Weck, Marcus; Jones, Christopher W.

    2015-12-29

    Shell cross-linked micelles (SCMs) containing acid sites in the shell and base sites in the core are prepared from amphiphilic poly(2-oxazoline) triblock copolymers. The materials are utilized as two-chamber nanoreactors for a prototypical acid-base bifunctional tandem deacetalization-nitroaldol reaction. Furthermore, the acid and base sites are localized in different regions of the micelle, allowing the two steps in the reaction sequence to largely proceed in separate compartments, akin to the compartmentalization that occurs in biological systems.

  17. Gamma-resonance Contraband Detection using a high current tandem accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milton, B. F.; Beis, J.; Dale, D.; Rogers, J.; Ruegg, R.; Debiak, T.; Kamykowski, E.; Melnychuk, S.; Rathke, J.; Sredniawski, J.

    1999-04-26

    TRIUMF and Northrop Grumman have developed a new system for the detection of concealed explosives and drugs. This Contraband Detection System (CDS) is based on the resonant absorption by {sup 14}N of gammas produced using {sup 13}C(p,{gamma}){sup 14}N. The chosen reaction uses protons at 1.75 MeV and the gammas have an energy of 9.17 MeV. By measuring both the resonant and the non-resonant absorption using detectors with good spatial resolution, and applying standard tomographic techniques, we are able to produce 3D images of both the nitrogen partial density and the total density. The images together may be utilized with considerable confidence to determine if small amounts of nitrogen based explosives, heroin or cocaine are present in the interrogated containers. Practical Gamma Resonant Absorption (GRA) scanning requires an intense source of protons. However this proton source must also be very stable, have low energy spread, and have good spatial definition. These demands suggested a tandem as the accelerator of choice. We have therefore constructed a 2 MeV H{sup -} tandem optimized for high current (10 mA) operation, while minimizing the overall size of the accelerator. This has required several special innovations which will be presented in the paper. We will also present initial commissioning results.

  18. Tandem catalysis by palladium nanoclusters encapsulated in metal–organic frameworks

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Li, Xinle; Guo, Zhiyong; Xiao, Chaoxian; Goh, Tian Wei; Tesfagaber, Daniel; Huang, Wenyu

    2014-08-25

    A bifunctional Zr-MOF catalyst containing palladium nanoclusters (NCs) has been developed. The formation of Pd NCs was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). Combining the oxidation activity of Pd NCs and the acetalization activity of the Lewis acid sites in UiO-66-NH2, this catalyst (Pd@UiO-66-NH2) exhibits excellent catalytic activity and selectivity in a one-pot tandem oxidation-acetalization reaction. This catalyst shows 99.9% selectivity to benzaldehyde ethylene acetal in the tandem reaction of benzyl alcohol and ethylene glycol at 99.9% conversion of benzyl alcohol. We also examined various substituted benzyl alcohols and found that alcohols withmore » electron-donating groups showed better conversion and selectivity compared to those with electron-withdrawing groups. As a result, we further proved that there was no leaching of active catalytic species during the reaction and the catalyst can be recycled at least five times without significant deactivation.« less

  19. Development of a remote control console for the HHIRF 25-MV tandem accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasanul Basher, A.M.

    1991-09-01

    The CAMAC-based control system for the 25-MV Tandem Accelerator at HHIRF uses two Perkin-Elmer, 32-bit minicomputers: a message-switching computer and a supervisory computer. Two operator consoles are located on one of the six serial highways. Operator control is provided by means of a console CRT, trackball, assignable shaft encoders and meters. The message-switching computer transmits and receives control information on the serial highways. At present, the CRT pages with updated parameters can be displayed and parameters can be controlled only from the two existing consoles, one in the Tandem control room and the other in the ORIC control room. It has become necessary to expand the control capability to several other locations in the building. With the expansion of control and monitoring capability of accelerator parameters to other locations, the operators will be able to control and observe the result of the control action at the same time. Since the new control console will be PC-based, the existing page format will be changed. The PC will be communicating with the Perkin-Elmer through RS-232 and a communication software package. Hardware configuration has been established, a communication software program that reads the pages from the shared memory has been developed. In this paper, we present the implementation strategy, works completed, existing and new page format, future action plans, explanation of pages and use of related global variables, a sample session, and flowcharts.

  20. A remote control console for the HHIRF 25-MV Tandem Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasanul Basher, A.M.

    1993-09-01

    The CAMAC-based control system for the 25-MV Tandem Accelerator at HHIRF uses two Perkin-Elmer, 32-bit minicomputers: a message-switching computer and a supervisory computer. Two operator consoles are located on one of the six serial highways. Operator control is provided by means of a console CRT, trackball, assignable shaft encoders, and meters. The message-switching computer transmits and receives control information on the serial highways. At present, the CRT pages with updated parameters can be displayed and parameters can be controlled only from the two existing consoles, one in the Tandem control room and the other in the ORIC control room. It has become necessary to expand the control capability to several other locations in the building. With the expansion of control and monitoring capability of accelerator parameters to other locations, the operators will be able to control and observe the result of the control action at the same time. This capability will be useful in the new Radioactive Ion Beam project of the division. Since the new control console will be PC-based, the existing page format will be changed. The PC will be communicating with the Perkin-Elmer through RS-232 with the aid of a communication protocol. Hardware configuration has been established, a software program that reads the pages from the shared memory, and a communication protocol have been developed. The following sections present the implementation strategy, work completed, future action plans, and the functional details of the communication protocol.

  1. Simulations of emission from microcavity tandem organic light-emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biswas, Rana; Xu, Chun; Zhao, Weijun; Liu, Rui; Shinar, Ruth; Shinar, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    Microcavity tandem organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are simulated and compared to experimental results. The simulations are based on two complementary techniques: rigorous finite element solutions of Maxwell's equations and Fourier space scattering matrix solutions. A narrowing and blue shift of the emission spectrum relative to the noncavity single unit OLED is obtained both theoretically and experimentally. In the simulations, a distribution of emitting sources is placed near the interface of the electron transport layer tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) Al (Alq{sub 3}) and the hole transport layer (N,N'-bis(naphthalen-1-yl)-N,N'-bis(phenyl)benzidine) ({alpha}-NPB). Far-field electric field intensities are simulated. The simulated widths of the emission peaks also agree with the experimental results. The simulations of the 2-unit tandem OLEDs shifted the emission to shorter wavelength, in agreement with experimental measurements. The emission spectra's dependence on individual layer thicknesses also agreed well with measurements. Approaches to simulate and improve the light emission intensity from these OLEDs, in particular for white OLEDs, are discussed.

  2. Tandem catalysis by palladium nanoclusters encapsulated in metal–organic frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Xinle; Guo, Zhiyong; Xiao, Chaoxian; Goh, Tian Wei; Tesfagaber, Daniel; Huang, Wenyu

    2014-08-25

    A bifunctional Zr-MOF catalyst containing palladium nanoclusters (NCs) has been developed. The formation of Pd NCs was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). Combining the oxidation activity of Pd NCs and the acetalization activity of the Lewis acid sites in UiO-66-NH2, this catalyst (Pd@UiO-66-NH2) exhibits excellent catalytic activity and selectivity in a one-pot tandem oxidation-acetalization reaction. This catalyst shows 99.9% selectivity to benzaldehyde ethylene acetal in the tandem reaction of benzyl alcohol and ethylene glycol at 99.9% conversion of benzyl alcohol. We also examined various substituted benzyl alcohols and found that alcohols with electron-donating groups showed better conversion and selectivity compared to those with electron-withdrawing groups. As a result, we further proved that there was no leaching of active catalytic species during the reaction and the catalyst can be recycled at least five times without significant deactivation.

  3. Tandem Microwire Solar Cells for Flexible High Efficiency Low Cost Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atwater, Harry A.

    2015-03-10

    This project has developed components of a waferless, flexible, low-cost tandem multijunction III-V/Si microwire array solar cell technology which combines the efficiency of wafered III-V photovoltaic technologies with the process designed to meet the Sunshot object. The project focused on design of lattice-matched GaAsP/SiGe two junction cell design and lattice-mismatched GaInP/Si tandem cell design. Combined electromagnetic simulation/device physics models using realistic microwire tandem structures were developed that predict >22% conversion efficiency for known material parameters, such as tunnel junction structure, window layer structure, absorber lifetimes and optical absorption and these model indicate a clear path to 30% efficiency for high quality III-V heterostructures. SiGe microwire arrays were synthesized via Cu-catalyzed vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth with inexpensive chlorosilane and chlorogermance precursors in an atmospheric pressure reactor. SiGe alloy composition in microwires was found to be limited to a maximum of 12% Ge incorporation during chlorogermane growth, due to the melting of the alloy near the solidus composition. Lattice mismatched InGaP double heterostructures were grown by selective epitaxy with a thermal oxide mask on Si microwire substrates using metallorganic vapor phase epitaxy. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis confirms the growth of individual step graded layers and a high density of defects near the wire/III-V interface. Selective epitaxy was initiated with a low temperature nucleation scheme under “atomic layer epitaxy” or “flow mediated epitaxy” conditions whereby the Ga and P containing precursors are alternately introduced into the reactor to promote layer-bylayer growth. In parallel to our efforts on conformal GaInP heteroepitaxy on selectively masked Si microwires, we explored direct, axial growth of GaAs on Si wire arrays as another route to a tandem junction architecture. We proposed axial

  4. Sensitivity of Global Terrestrial Gross Primary Production to Hydrologic States Simulated by the Community Land Model Using Two Runoff Parameterizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lei, Huimin; Huang, Maoyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Yang, Dawen; Shi, Xiaoying; Mao, Jiafu; Hayes, Daniel J.; Schwalm, C.; Wei, Yaxing; Liu, Shishi

    2014-09-01

    The terrestrial water and carbon cycles interact strongly at various spatio-temporal scales. To elucidate how hydrologic processes may influence carbon cycle processes, differences in terrestrial carbon cycle simulations induced by structural differences in two runoff generation schemes were investigated using the Community Land Model 4 (CLM4). Simulations were performed with runoff generation using the default TOPMODEL-based and the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model approaches under the same experimental protocol. The comparisons showed that differences in the simulated gross primary production (GPP) are mainly attributed to differences in the simulated leaf area index (LAI) rather than soil moisture availability. More specifically, differences in runoff simulations can influence LAI through changes in soil moisture, soil temperature, and their seasonality that affect the onset of the growing season and the subsequent dynamic feedbacks between terrestrial water, energy, and carbon cycles. As a result of a relative difference of 36% in global mean total runoff between the two models and subsequent changes in soil moisture, soil temperature, and LAI, the simulated global mean GPP differs by 20.4%. However, the relative difference in the global mean net ecosystem exchange between the two models is small (2.1%) due to competing effects on total mean ecosystem respiration and other fluxes, although large regional differences can still be found. Our study highlights the significant interactions among the water, energy, and carbon cycles and the need for reducing uncertainty in the hydrologic parameterization of land surface models to better constrain carbon cycle modeling.

  5. Applications of small computers for systems control on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bork, R.G.; Kane, R.J.; Moore, T.L.

    1983-11-29

    Desktop computers operating into a CAMAC-based interface are used to control and monitor the operation of the various subsystems on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). These systems include: shot sequencer/master timing, neutral beam control (four consoles), magnet power system control, ion-cyclotron resonant heating (ICRH) control, thermocouple monitoring, getter system control, gas fueling system control, and electron-cyclotron resonant heating (ECRH) monitoring. Two additional computers are used to control the TMX-U neutral beam test stand and provide computer-aided repair/test and development of CAMAC modules. These machines are usually programmed in BASIC, but some codes have been interpreted into assembly language to increase speed. Details of the computer interfaces and system complexity are described as well as the evolution of the systems to their present states.

  6. In Silico Identification Software (ISIS): A Machine Learning Approach to Tandem Mass Spectral Identification of Lipids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kangas, Lars J.; Metz, Thomas O.; Isaac, Georgis; Schrom, Brian T.; Ginovska-Pangovska, Bojana; Wang, Luning; Tan, Li; Lewis, Robert R.; Miller, John H.

    2012-05-15

    Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics has gained importance in the life sciences, yet it is not supported by software tools for high throughput identification of metabolites based on their fragmentation spectra. An algorithm (ISIS: in silico identification software) and its implementation are presented and show great promise in generating in silico spectra of lipids for the purpose of structural identification. Instead of using chemical reaction rate equations or rules-based fragmentation libraries, the algorithm uses machine learning to find accurate bond cleavage rates in a mass spectrometer employing collision-induced dissocia-tion tandem mass spectrometry. A preliminary test of the algorithm with 45 lipids from a subset of lipid classes shows both high sensitivity and specificity.

  7. Characterization of protein N-glycosylation by tandem mass spectrometry using complementary fragmentation techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, Kristina L.; Zeng, Wei; Heazlewood, Joshua L.; Bacic, Antony

    2015-08-28

    The analysis of post-translational modifications (PTMs) by proteomics is regarded as a technically challenging undertaking. While in recent years approaches to examine and quantify protein phosphorylation have greatly improved, the analysis of many protein modifications, such as glycosylation, are still regarded as problematic. Limitations in the standard proteomics workflow, such as use of suboptimal peptide fragmentation methods, can significantly prevent the identification of glycopeptides. The current generation of tandem mass spectrometers has made available a variety of fragmentation options, many of which are becoming standard features on these instruments. Lastly, we have used three common fragmentation techniques, namely CID, HCD, and ETD, to analyze a glycopeptide and highlight how an integrated fragmentation approach can be used to identify the modified residue and characterize the N-glycan on a peptide.

  8. Characterization of protein N-glycosylation by tandem mass spectrometry using complementary fragmentation techniques

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Ford, Kristina L.; Zeng, Wei; Heazlewood, Joshua L.; Bacic, Antony

    2015-08-28

    The analysis of post-translational modifications (PTMs) by proteomics is regarded as a technically challenging undertaking. While in recent years approaches to examine and quantify protein phosphorylation have greatly improved, the analysis of many protein modifications, such as glycosylation, are still regarded as problematic. Limitations in the standard proteomics workflow, such as use of suboptimal peptide fragmentation methods, can significantly prevent the identification of glycopeptides. The current generation of tandem mass spectrometers has made available a variety of fragmentation options, many of which are becoming standard features on these instruments. Lastly, we have used three common fragmentation techniques, namely CID, HCD,more » and ETD, to analyze a glycopeptide and highlight how an integrated fragmentation approach can be used to identify the modified residue and characterize the N-glycan on a peptide.« less

  9. Toward a Monolithic Lattice-Matched III-V on Silicon Tandem Solar Cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geisz, J. F.; Olson, J. M.; Friedman, D. J.

    2004-09-01

    A two-junction device consisting of a 1.7-eV GaNPAs junction on a 1.1-eV silicon junction has the theoretical potential to achieve nearly optimal efficiency for a two-junction tandem cell. We have demonstrated some of the key components toward realizing such a cell, including GaNPAs top cells grown on silicon substrates, GaP-based tunnel junctions grown on silicon substrates, and diffused silicon junctions formed during the epitaxial growth of GaNP on silicon. These components have required the development of techniques for the growth of high crystalline quality GaNPAs on silicon by metal-organic vapor-phase epitaxy.

  10. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History U.S. 2,823,398 2,682,021 2,778,526 2,634,991 2,705,744 2,739,059 1973-2016 Alaska 295,244 246,120 269,204 233,820 239,444 250,325 1991-2016 Arkansas 74,543 70,831 71,791 67,340 68,207 67,140 1991-2016 California 18,166 17,618 18,074 17,229 17,573 17,822 1991-2016 Colorado 143,636 139,949 144,657 136,813 143,188 145,323 1991-2016 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 111,315 101,883 110,027 96,330 100,027 105,189 1997-2016 Kansas 22,110 21,173

  11. Sofia Mancheno-Gross

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sofia specializes in Communications strategies on behalf of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

  12. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History U.S. 26,816,085 28,479,026 29,542,313 29,522,551 31,405,381 32,894,727 1936-2015 U.S. Offshore 2,875,945 2,416,644 2,044,643 1,859,469 1,804,544 1,820,202 1977-2015 U.S. State Offshore 575,601 549,151 489,505 505,318 514,291 502,425 1978-2015 Federal Offshore U.S. 2,300,344 1,867,492 1,555,138 1,354,151 1,290,253 1,317,777 1977-2015 Alaska 3,197,100 3,162,922 3,164,791 3,215,358 3,168,545 3,175,301 1967-2015 Alaska Onshore 2,826,952 2,798,220 2,857,485

  13. grossWCI.dvi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear multifragmentation, Its relation to general physics A rich test-ground of the ... Taking this serious, fascinating perspectives open for statistical nuclear fragmentation ...

  14. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History U.S. 26,816,085 28,479,026 29,542,313 ... Alabama State Offshore 101,487 84,270 87,398 75,660 70,827 1987-2014 Arizona 183 168 117 ...

  15. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 View History U.S. 2,750,252 2,817,792 2,743,783 2,823,547 2,823,205 2,668,567 1973-2016 Alaska 261,150 279,434 289,770 304,048 298,809 ...

  16. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    through 1996) in Alabama (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 30,401 34,749 37,275 1970's 36,254 36,657 37,389 33,126 35,349 33,439 34,450 34,303 29,649 36,717 1980's 28,525 26,860 25,876 26,665 27,567 25,836 25,128 22,384 25,562 26,469 1990's 24,287 23,711 25,232 25,723 25,526 26,228 29,000 32,360 25,705 27,581 2000's 25,580 26,391 25,011 25,356 26,456 25,046 24,396 23,420 25,217 24,293 2010's 27,071 25,144 21,551 25,324

  17. Fixed conditions for achieving the real-valued partition function of one-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation coupled with time-dependent potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prayitno, T. B.

    2014-03-24

    We have imposed the conditions in order to preserve the real-valued partition function in the case of onedimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation coupled by time-dependent potential. In this case we have solved the Gross-Pitaevskii equation by means of the time-dependent perturbation theory by extending the previous work of Kivshar et al. [Phys. Lett A 278, 225–230 (2001)]. To use the method, we have treated the equation as the macroscopic quantum oscillator and found that the expression of the partition function explicitly has complex values. In fact, we have to choose not only the appropriate functions but also the suitable several values of the potential to keep the real-valued partition function.

  18. Novel wide band gap materials for highly efficient thin film tandem solar cells. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brian E. Hardin; Connor, Stephen T.; Peters, Craig H.

    2012-06-11

    Tandem solar cells (TSCs), which use two or more materials to absorb sunlight, have achieved power conversion efficiencies of >25% versus 11-20% for commercialized single junction solar cell modules. The key to widespread commercialization of TSCs is to develop the wide-band, top solar cell that is both cheap to fabricate and has a high open-circuit voltage (i.e. >1V). Previous work in TSCs has generally focused on using expensive processing techniques with slow growth rates resulting in costs that are two orders of magnitude too expensive to be used in conventional solar cell modules. The objective of the PLANT PV proposal was to investigate the feasibility of using Ag(In,Ga)Se2 (AIGS) as the wide-bandgap absorber in the top cell of a thin film tandem solar cell (TSC). Despite being studied by very few in the solar community, AIGS solar cells have achieved one of the highest open-circuit voltages within the chalcogenide material family with a Voc of 949 mV when grown with an expensive processing technique (i.e. Molecular Beam Epitaxy). PLANT PV's goal in Phase I of the DOE SBIR was to (1) develop the chemistry to grow AIGS thin films via solution processing techniques to reduce costs and (2) fabricate new device architectures with high open-circuit voltage to produce full tandem solar cells in Phase II. PLANT PV attempted to translate solution processing chemistries that were successful in producing >12% efficient Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells by replacing copper compounds with silver. The main thrust of the research was to determine if it was possible to make high quality AIGS thin films using solution processing and to fully characterize the materials properties. PLANT PV developed several different types of silver compounds in an attempt to fabricate high quality thin films from solution. We found that silver compounds that were similar to the copper based system did not result in high quality thin films. PLANT PV was able to deposit AIGS thin

  19. Design of Integrated III-Nitride/Non-III-Nitride Tandem Photovoltaic Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toledo, N. G.; Friedman, D..J.; Farrell, R. M.; Perl, E. E.; Lin, C. T.; Bowers, J. E.; Speck, J. S.; Mishra, U. K.

    2012-03-01

    The integration of III-nitride and non-III-nitride materials for tandem solar cell applications can improve the efficiency of the photovoltaic device due to the added power contributed by the III-nitride top cell to that of high-efficiency multi-junction non-III-nitride solar cells if the device components are properly designed and optimized. The proposed tandem solar cell is comprised of a III-nitride top cell bonded to a non-III-nitride, series-constrained, multi-junction subcell. The top cell is electrically isolated, but optically coupled to the underlying subcell. The use of a III-nitride top cell is potentially beneficial when the top junction of a stand-alone non-III-nitride subcell generates more photocurrent than the limiting current of the non-III-nitride subcell. Light producing this excess current can either be redirected to the III-nitride top cell through high energy photon absorption, redirected to the lower junctions through layer thickness optimization, or a combination of both, resulting in improved total efficiency. When the non-III-nitride cell's top junction is the limiting junction, the minimum power conversion efficiency that the III-nitride top cell must contribute should compensate for the spectrum filtered from the multi-junction subcell for this design to be useful. As the III-nitride absorption edge wavelength, {lambda}{sub N}, increases, the performance of the multi-junction subcell decreases due to spectral filtering. In the most common spectra of interest (AM1.5G, AM1.5 D, and AM0), the technology to grow InGaN cells with {lambda}{sub N}<520 nm is found to be sufficient for III-nitride top cell applications. The external quantum efficiency performance, however, of state-of-the-art InGaN solar cells still needs to be improved. The effects of surface/interface reflections are also presented. The management of these reflection issues determines the feasibility of the integrated III-nitride/non-III-nitride design to improve overall cell

  20. WE-A-17A-05: Differences in Applicator Configuration and Dwell Loading Between Standard and Image-Guided Tandem and Ring (T and R) HDR Brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Damato, A; Cormack, R; Bhagwat, M; Buzurovic, I; Lee, L; Viswanathan, A

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To investigate differences in: (i) relative location of the tandem and the ring compared to a rigid standard applicator model; and (ii) relative loading and changes in loading pattern between standard and image-guided planning. Methods: All T and R insertions performed in 2013 in our institution under CT- or MR-guidance were analyzed. Standard plans were generated using library applicator models with a fixed relationship between ring and tandem, standardized uniform dwell loading and normalization to point A. The graphic plans and the associated standard-plan dwell configurations were compared: the rings were rigidly registered, and the residual tandem shift, rotation and maximum distance between plan tandem dwell and corresponding model tandem dwell were calculated. The normalization ratio (NR = the ratio of graphic versus standard-plan total reference air kerma [TRAK]), the general loading difference (GLD = the difference between graphic and standard ratios of the tandem versus the ring TRAK), and the percent standard deviation (SD% = SD/mean) of the tandem and the ring TRAK for the graphic plan (all standard-plans SD% = 0) were calculated. Results: 71 T and R were analyzed. Residual tandem shift, rotation and maximum corresponding dwell distance were 1.2±0.8mm (0.4±0.4mm lateral, 0.9±0.8mm craniocaudal, 0.4±0.3mm anterior-posterior), 2.3±1.9deg and 3.4±2.3mm. NR was 0.86±0.11 indicating a lower overall loading of the graphic compared to the standard plans. GLD was -0.12±0.16 indicating a modest increased ring loading relative to the tandem in the graphic plans. SD% was 2.1±1.6% for tandem and 2.8±1.9% for ring, indicating small deviations from uniform loading. Conclusion: Variability in the relative locations of the tandem and the ring necessitates the independent registration of each component model for accurate digitization. Our clinical experience suggests that graphically planned T and R results on average in a lower total dose to the

  1. In situ ion irradiation/implantation studies in the HVEM-Tandem Facility at Argonne National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, C.W.; Funk, L.L.; Ryan, E.A.; Taylor, A.

    1988-09-01

    The HVEM-Tandem User Facility at Argonne National Laboratory interfaces two ion accelerators, a 2 MV tandem accelerator and a 650 kV ion implanter, to a 1.2 MV high voltage electron microscope. This combination allows experiments involving simultaneous ion irradiation/ion implantation, electron irradiation and electron microscopy/electron diffraction to be performed. In addition the availability of a variety of microscope sample holders permits these as well as other types of in situ experiments to be performed at temperatures ranging from 10-1300 K, with the sample in a stressed state or with simultaneous determination of electrical resistivity of the specimen. This paper summarizes the details of the Facility which are relevant to simultaneous ion beam material modification and electron microscopy, presents several current applications and briefly describes the straightforward mechanism for potential users to access this US Department of Energy supported facility. 7 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  2. Accurate spectral response measurements of a complementary absorbing organic tandem cell with fill factor exceeding the subcells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheyns, David; Kim, Minjae; Verreet, Bregt; Rand, Barry P.

    2014-03-03

    Single heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells based on co-evaporated donor–acceptor layers with power conversion efficiencies (η) above 5.5% are demonstrated, using either high (1.8 eV) or low (1.4 eV) optical gap materials. The high energy absorbing cell utilizes a high fullerene-C{sub 70} content, in combination with a high mobility amorphous donor, while the low energy absorbing cell consists of a donor–acceptor molecule paired with C{sub 60} as the acceptor. The integration of the two cells in an optimized tandem configuration leads to η =7.2%, verified by external quantum efficiency measurements of the subcells. Notably, the fill-factor of the tandem stack is higher than either one of the sub-cells.

  3. SU-E-T-615: Investigation of the Dosimetric Impact of Tandem Loading in the Treatment of Cervical Cancer for HDR Brachytherapy Procedures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esquivel, C; Patton, L; Nelson, K; Lin, B

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To quantify the dosimetric impact of the tandem loading in the treatment of cervical cancer for HDR brachytherapy procedures. Methods: Ten patients were evaluated, each of whom received 5 fractions of treatment. Tandem and ovoid sets were inserted into the uterine cavity based on institutional protocols and procedures. Following insertion and stabilization, CT image sets of 1.5mm slice thickness were acquired and sent to the Oncentra V4.3 Treatment Planning System. Critical structures such as the CTV, bladder, rectum, sigmoid, and bowel were contoured and a fractional dose of 5.5Gy was prescribed to Point A for each patient. Six different treatment plans were created for each fraction using varying tandem weightings; from 0.5 to 1.4 times that of the ovoids. Surface dose evaluation of various ovoid diameters, 2.0-3.5cm, at the vaginal fornices was also investigated. Results: Critical structures were evaluated based on varying dose and volume constraints, in particular the 2.0 cc volume recommendation cited by the gynecological GEC-ESTRO working group. Based on dose volume histogram evaluation, a reduction of dose to the critical structures was most often discovered when the tandem weighting was increased. CTV coverage showed little change as the tandem weighting was varied. Ovoid surface dose decreased by 50-65% as the tandem weighting increased. Conclusion: The advantage of 3D planning with HDR brachytherapy is the dose optimization for each individual treatment plan. This investigation shows that by utilizing large tandem weightings, 1.4 times greater than the ovoid, one can still achieve adequate coverage of the CTV and relatively low doses to the critical structures. In some cases, one would still have to optimize further per individual case. In addition, the ovoid surface dose was greatly decreased when large tandem weighting was utilized; especially for small ovoid diameters.

  4. Conceptual design study FY 1981: synfuels from fusion - using the tandem mirror reactor and a thermochemical cycle to produce hydrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krikorian, O.H.

    1982-02-09

    This report represents the second year's effort of a scoping and conceptual design study being conducted for the express purpose of evaluating the engineering potential of producing hydrogen by thermochemical cycles using a tandem mirror fusion driver. The hydrogen thus produced may then be used as a feedstock to produce fuels such as methane, methanol, or gasoline. The main objective of this second year's study has been to obtain some approximate cost figures for hydrogen production through a conceptual design study.

  5. Enhanced absorption in tandem solar cells by applying hydrogenated In{sub 2}O{sub 3} as electrode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Guanchao Manley, Phillip; Steigert, Alexander; Klenk, Reiner; Schmid, Martina

    2015-11-23

    To realize the high efficiency potential of perovskite/chalcopyrite tandem solar cells in modules, hydrogenated In{sub 2}O{sub 3} (IO:H) as electrode is investigated. IO:H with an electron mobility of 100 cm{sup 2} V{sup −1} s{sup −1} is demonstrated. Compared to the conventional Sn doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} (ITO), IO:H exhibits a decreased electron concentration and leads to almost no sub-bandgap absorption up to the wavelength of 1200 nm. Without a trade-off between transparency and lateral resistance in the IO:H electrode, the tandem cell keeps increasing in efficiency as the IO:H thickness increases and efficiencies above 22% are calculated. In contrast, the cells with ITO as electrode perform much worse due to the severe parasitic absorption in ITO. This indicates that IO:H has the potential to lead to high efficiencies, which is otherwise constrained by the parasitic absorption in conventional transparent conductive oxide electrode for tandem solar cells in modules.

  6. Structural Insights into the Cooperative Binding of SeqA to a Tandem GATC Repeat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Y.; Brendler, T; Austin, S; Guarne, A

    2009-01-01

    SeqA is a negative regulator of DNA replication in Escherichia coli and related bacteria that functions by sequestering the origin of replication and facilitating its resetting after every initiation event. Inactivation of the seqA gene leads to unsynchronized rounds of replication, abnormal localization of nucleoids and increased negative superhelicity. Excess SeqA also disrupts replication synchrony and affects cell division. SeqA exerts its functions by binding clusters of transiently hemimethylated GATC sequences generated during replication. However, the molecular mechanisms that trigger formation and disassembly of such complex are unclear. We present here the crystal structure of a dimeric mutant of SeqA [SeqA{Delta}(41-59)-A25R] bound to tandem hemimethylated GATC sites. The structure delineates how SeqA forms a high-affinity complex with DNA and it suggests why SeqA only recognizes GATC sites at certain spacings. The SeqA-DNA complex also unveils additional protein-protein interaction surfaces that mediate the formation of higher ordered complexes upon binding to newly replicated DNA. Based on this data, we propose a model describing how SeqA interacts with newly replicated DNA within the origin of replication and at the replication forks.

  7. Progress in High-Performance PV: Polycrystalline Thin-Film Tandem Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Symko-Davies, M.

    2004-08-01

    The High-Performance Photovoltaic (HiPerf PV) Project was initiated by the U.S. Department of Energy to substantially increase the viability of PV for cost-competitive applications. The goal is that PV will contribute significantly to the U.S. and world energy supply and environmental enhancement in the 21st century. The HiPerf PV Project aims at exploring the ultimate performance limits of existing PV technologies, approximately doubling their sunlight-to-electricity conversion efficiencies during its course, to accelerate and enhance their impact in the marketplace. To accomplish this, the National Center for Photovoltaics (NCPV) directs in-house and subcontracted research in high-performance polycrystalline thin-film and multijunction concentrator devices. This paper will describe progress of the subcontractor and in-house R&D on critical pathways for a PV technology having a high potential to reach cost-competitiveness goals: 25%-efficient, low-cost polycrystalline thin-film tandems for large-area, flat-plate modules.

  8. De novo sequencing of peptides from top-down tandem mass spectra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vyatkina, Kira; Wu, Si; Dekker, Leendert J.; vanDuijn, Martijn M.; Liu, Xiaowen; Tolic, Nikola; Dvorkin, Mikhail; Alexandrova, Sonya; Luider, Theo N.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana; Pevzner, Pavel A.

    2015-09-28

    De novo sequencing of proteins and peptides is one of the most important problems in mass spectrometry-driven proteomics. A variety of methods have been developed to accomplish this task from a set of bottom-up tandem (MS/MS) mass spectra. However, a more recently emerged top-down technology, now gaining more and more popularity, opens new perspectives for protein analysis and characterization, implying a need in efficient algorithms for processing this kind of MS/MS data. Here we describe a method that allows to retrieve from a set of top-down MS/MS spectra long and accurate sequence fragments of the proteins contained in a sample. To this end, we outline a strategy for generating high-quality sequence tags from top-down spectra, and introduce the concept of a T-Bruijn graph by adapting to the case of tags the notion of an A-Bruijn graph widely used in genomics. The output of the proposed approach represents the set of amino acid strings spelled out by optimal paths in the connected components of a T-Bruijn graph. We illustrate its performance on top-down datasets acquired from carbonic anhydrase 2 (CAH2) and the Fab region of alemtuzumab.

  9. Spectroscopic analysis of low Z impurities in the Tandem Mirror Experiment-upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, T.L.

    1986-09-01

    Two absolutely calibrated EUV instruments have been used to study the impurity characteristics in the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U). One instrument is a normal incidence spectrograph that measures the time histories of several impurity emission lines (300 to 1800 A) in a single shot; radial scans can be obtained on a shot-by-shot basis. The other instrument is a monochromator that measures time-resolved radial profiles of a given impurity emission line in a single shot. The common intrinsic impurities measured in TMX-U are C,N,O and Ti. It has been shown that large fractions of the oxygen and nitrogen in the plasma are associated with the neutral beams while the main source of carbon is the plasma wall. In general, the concentration of each of the impurities is low (<1%), and the power radiated by them is less than 10 kW, which is a small portion of the total input power to the plasma. The concentrations of the impurities can be reduced substantially blow discharge cleaning and titanium gettering. No significant accumulation of impurity ions in the thermal barrier region has been observed.

  10. Mono- and tri-ester hydrogenolysis using tandem catalysis. Scope and mechanism.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohr, Tracy L.; Li, Zhi; Assary, Rajeev S.; Curtiss, Larry A.; Marks, Tobin J.

    2016-01-01

    The scope and mechanism of thermodynamically leveraged ester RC(O)O-R' bond hydrogenolysis by tandem metal triflate + supported Pd catalysts are investigated both experimentally and theoretically by DFT and energy span analysis. This catalytic system has a broad scope, with relative cleavage rates scaling as, tertiary 4 secondary 4 primary ester at 1 bar H-2, yielding alkanes and carboxylic acids with high conversion and selectivity. Benzylic and allylic esters display the highest activity. The rate law is nu = k[M(OTf )(n)](1)[ester](0)[H-2](0) with an H/D kinetic isotope effect = 6.5 +/- 0.5, implying turnover-limiting C-H scission following C-O cleavage, in agreement with theory. Intermediate alkene products are then rapidly hydrogenated. Applying this approach with the very active Hf(OTf)(4) catalyst to bio-derived triglycerides affords near-quantitative yields of C-3 hydrocarbons rather than glycerol. From model substrates, it is found that RC(O)O-R' cleavage rates are very sensitive to steric congestion and metal triflate identity. For triglycerides, primary/external glyceryl CH2-O cleavage predominates over secondary/internal CH-O cleavage, with the latter favored by less acidic or smaller ionic radius metal triflates, raising the diester selectivity to as high as 48% with Ce(OTf)(3).

  11. Neutral Beam Injection Experiments and Related Behavior of Neutral Particles in the GAMMA 10 Tandem Mirror

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakashima, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Watanabe, K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Higashizono, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ohki, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ogita, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shoji, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science(Japan); Kobayashi, S. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University (Japan); Islam, M.K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kubota, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kobayashi, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yamada, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Murakami, R. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

    2005-01-15

    Results of neutral beam injection (NBI) experiments in the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror plasmas are presented together with the neutral particle behavior observed in the experiments. A hydrogen neural beam was injected into the hot-ion-mode plasmas by using the injector installed in the central-cell for the plasma heating and fueling. High-energy ions produced by NBI were observed and its energy distribution was measured for the first time with a neutral particle analyzer installed in the central-cell. The temporal and spatial behavior of hydrogen was observed with axially aligned H{sub {alpha}} detectors installed from the central midplane to anchor-cell. Enhancement of hydrogen recycling due to the beam injection and the cause of the observed decrease in plasma diamagnetism are discussed. The Monte-Carlo code DEGAS for neutral transport simulation was applied to the GAMMA 10 central-cell and a 3-dimensional simulation was performed in the NBI experiment. Localization of neutral particle during the beam injection is investigated based on the simulation and it was found that the increased recycling due to the beam injection was dominant near the injection port.

  12. A Continuous Measure of Gross Primary Production for the Conterminous U.S. Derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xia, Jingfeng; Zhuang, Qianlai; Law, Beverly E.; Chen, Jiquan; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Cook, David R.; Oren, Ram; Richardson, Andrew D.; Wharton, Sonia; Ma, Siyan; Martin, Timothy A.; Verma, Shashi B.; Suyker, Andrew E.; Scott, Russell L.; Monson, Russell K.; Litvak, Marcy; Hollinger, David Y.; Sun, Ge; Davis, Kenneth J.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Burns, Sean P.; Curtis, Peter S.; Drake, Bert G.; Falk, Matthias; Fischer, Marc L.; Foster, David R.; Gu, Lianhong; Hadley, Julian L.; Katul, Gabriel G.; Matamala, Roser; McNulty, Steve; Meyers, Tilden P.; Munger, J. William; Noormets, Asko; Oechel, Walter C.; U, Kyaw Tha Paw; Schmid, Hans Peter; Starr, Gregory; Torn, Margaret S.; Wofsy, Steven C.

    2009-01-28

    The quantification of carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere is of scientific importance and also relevant to climate-policy making. Eddy covariance flux towers provide continuous measurements of ecosystem-level exchange of carbon dioxide spanning diurnal, synoptic, seasonal, and interannual time scales. However, these measurements only represent the fluxes at the scale of the tower footprint. Here we used remotely-sensed data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to upscale gross primary productivity (GPP) data from eddy covariance flux towers to the continental scale. We first combined GPP and MODIS data for 42 AmeriFlux towers encompassing a wide range of ecosystem and climate types to develop a predictive GPP model using a regression tree approach. The predictive model was trained using observed GPP over the period 2000-2004, and was validated using observed GPP over the period 2005-2006 and leave-one-out cross-validation. Our model predicted GPP fairly well at the site level. We then used the model to estimate GPP for each 1 km x 1 km cell across the U.S. for each 8-day interval over the period from February 2000 to December 2006 using MODIS data. Our GPP estimates provide a spatially and temporally continuous measure of gross primary production for the U.S. that is a highly constrained by eddy covariance flux data. Our study demonstrated that our empirical approach is effective for upscaling eddy flux GPP data to the continental scale and producing continuous GPP estimates across multiple biomes. With these estimates, we then examined the patterns, magnitude, and interannual variability of GPP. We estimated a gross carbon uptake between 6.91 and 7.33 Pg C yr{sup -1} for the conterminous U.S. Drought, fires, and hurricanes reduced annual GPP at regional scales and could have a significant impact on the U.S. net ecosystem carbon exchange. The sources of the interannual variability of U.S. GPP were dominated

  13. Highly stable and efficient tandem organic light-emitting devices with intermediate connectors using lithium amide as n-type dopant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Dong-Ying; Zu, Feng-Shuo; Shi, Xiao-Bo; Liao, Liang-Sheng E-mail: lsliao@suda.edu.cn; Zhang, Ying-Jie; Aziz, Hany E-mail: lsliao@suda.edu.cn

    2014-08-25

    In this work, we report thermally decomposable lithium amide (LiNH{sub 2}) feasible to function as an effective n-type dopant for intermediate connectors in tandem organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). Metallic lithium, which is released from the decomposition process of LiNH{sub 2}, is proved by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and responsible for n-type electrical doping of electron transporting materials. We demonstrate that tandem OLEDs using LiNH{sub 2} and Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} as n-type dopants, respectively, give a comparable electroluminescence efficiency and, moreover, the device with LiNH{sub 2} has far longer operational lifetime. The results therefore highlight the significance of selecting suitable n-type dopant in intermediate connectors to fabricate high-stability tandem OLEDs.

  14. Evaluation of the 30 Ton CHA Crane Wheel Axle Modification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RICH, J.W.

    2002-06-04

    An existing design for eccentric bushings was utilized and updated as necessary to accommodate minor adjustment as required to correct wheel alignment on the North West Idler wheel. The design is revised to install eccentric bushings on only one end.

  15. Manufacturing of High-Efficiency Bi-Facial Tandem Concentrator Solar Cells: February 20, 2009--August 20, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wojtczuk , S.

    2011-06-01

    Spire Semiconductor made concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) cells using a new bi-facial growth process and met both main program goals: a) 42.5% efficiency 500X (AM1.5D, 25C, 100mW/cm2); and b) Ready to supply at least 3MW/year of such cells at end of program. We explored a unique simple fabrication process to make a N/P 3-junction InGaP/GaAs/InGaAs tandem cells . First, the InGaAs bottom cell is grown on the back of a GaAs wafer. The wafers are then loaded into a cassette, spin-rinsed to remove particles, dipped in dilute NH4OH and spin-dried. The wafers are then removed from the cassette loaded the reactor for GaAs middle and InGaP top cell growth on the opposite wafer face (bi-facial growth). By making the epitaxial growth process a bit more complex, we are able to avoid more complex processing (such as large area wafer bonding or epitaxial liftoff) used in the inverted metamorphic (IMM) approach to make similar tandem stacks. We believe the yield is improved compared to an IMM process. After bi-facial epigrowth, standard III-V cell steps (back metal, photolithography for front grid, cap etch, AR coat, dice) are used in the remainder of the process.

  16. Outdoor Testing of GaInP2/GaAs Tandem Cells with Top Cell Thickness Varied

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, W. E.; Emergy, K. E.; Friedman, D. J.; Ottoson, L.; Young, M. S.; Ward, J. S.; Kramer, C. M.; Duda, A.; Kurtz, S.

    2005-08-01

    In this study, we measure the performance of GaInP2/GaAs tandem cells under direct beam sunlight outdoors in order to quantify their sensitivity to both spectral variation and GaInP2 top-cell thickness. A set of cells with five different top-cell thicknesses was mounted on a two-axis tracker with the incident sunlight collimated to exclude all except the direct beam. Current-voltage (I-V) curves were taken throughout the course of several days, along with measurements of the direct solar spectrum. Our two major conclusions are: (1) GaInP2/GaAs tandem cells designed for either the ASTM G-173 direct (G-173D) spectrum or the "air mass 1.5 global" (AM1.5G) spectrum perform the best, and (2) cells can be characterized indoors and modeled using outdoor spectra with the same result. These results are equally valid for GaInP2/GaAs/Ge triple-junction cells.

  17. Impact of sub-cell internal luminescence yields on energy conversion efficiencies of tandem solar cells: A design principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Lin Kim, Changsu; Yoshita, Masahiro; Chen, Shaoqiang; Sato, Shintaroh; Mochizuki, Toshimitsu; Akiyama, Hidefumi; Kanemitsu, Yoshihiko

    2014-01-20

    To develop a realistic design principle, we calculated the maximum conversion efficiency ?{sub sc} and optimized sub-cell band-gap energies E{sub g} in double-junction tandem solar cells via a detailed-balance theory, paying particular attention to their dependence on internal luminescence quantum yields y{sub int} of the top and bottom sub-cell materials. A strong drop in the maximum ?{sub sc} occurs when y{sub int} slightly drops from 1 to 0.9, where the drop in y{sub int} of the bottom cell causes a stronger effect than that of the top cell. For low values of y{sub int}, the maximum ?{sub sc} has a simple logarithmic dependence on the geometric mean of the two sub-cells'y{sub int}.

  18. A very thin havar film vacuum window for heavy ions to perform radiobiology studies at the BNL Tandem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thieberger, P.; Abendroth, H.; Alessi, J.; Cannizzo, L.; Carlson, C.; Gustavsson, A.; Minty, M.; Snydstrup, L.

    2011-03-28

    Heavy ion beams from the BNL Tandem Van de Graaff accelerators will be made available for radiobiology studies on cell cultures. Beam energy losses need to be minimized both in the vacuum window and in the air in order to achieve the ranges required for the cells to be studied. This is particularly challenging for ions heavier than iron. The design is presented of a 0.4-inch diameter Havar film window that will satisfy these requirements. Films as thin as 80 microinches were successfully pressure tested. The final thickness to be used may be slightly larger to help in achieving pin hole free windows. We discuss design considerations and present pressure and vacuum test results as well as tests with heavy ion beams.

  19. Changes and developments in Electron Cyclotron Resonant Heating (ECRH) on the Tandem Mirror Experiment Upgrade (TMX-U)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, A.T.; Brooksby, C.A.; Calderon, M.O.; Ellis, R.; Felker, B.; Horton, R.D.; Stallard, B.W.; Wash, T.A.

    1985-11-14

    This paper will describe changes to the previously reported Electron Cyclotron Resonant Heating (ECRH) circular waveguide systems that deliver power to the Tandem Mirror Experiment Upgrade (TMX-U) machine. Four gyrotrons and associated waveguide systems, operating at 28-GHz and 200 kW each, helped establish electrostatic plugging in the end cells of TMX-U. A fifth gyrotron has been installed to power two resonant locations in the end plugs. This system and the pair of 10 kG heaters now use a slot radiator to obtain a more uniform coverage of the plasma. In addition, four 18-GHz ECRH systems have been added to the machine. 3 refs., 7 figs.

  20. Monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, ultra-thin, strain-counterbalanced, photovoltaic energy converters with optimal subcell bandgaps

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, Mark W.; Mascarenhas, Angelo

    2012-05-08

    Modeling a monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, solar photovoltaic converter or thermophotovoltaic converter by constraining the bandgap value for the bottom subcell to no less than a particular value produces an optimum combination of subcell bandgaps that provide theoretical energy conversion efficiencies nearly as good as unconstrained maximum theoretical conversion efficiency models, but which are more conducive to actual fabrication to achieve such conversion efficiencies than unconstrained model optimum bandgap combinations. Achieving such constrained or unconstrained optimum bandgap combinations includes growth of a graded layer transition from larger lattice constant on the parent substrate to a smaller lattice constant to accommodate higher bandgap upper subcells and at least one graded layer that transitions back to a larger lattice constant to accommodate lower bandgap lower subcells and to counter-strain the epistructure to mitigate epistructure bowing.

  1. TMRBAR: a code to calculate plasma parameters for tandem-mirror reactors operating in the MARS mode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, R.B.

    1983-08-30

    The purpose of this report is to document the plasma power balance model currently used by LLNL to calculate steady state operating points for tandem mirror reactors. The code developed from this model, TMRBAR, has been used to predict the performance and define supplementary heating requirements for drivers used in the Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) and for the Fusion Power Demonstration (FPD) study. The equations solved included particle and energy balance for central cell and end cell species, quasineutrality at several cardinal points in the end cell region, as well as calculations of volumes, densities and average energies based on given constraints of beta profiles and fusion power output. Alpha particle ash is treated self-consistently, but no other impurity species is treated.

  2. De novo tandem duplication of chromosome segement 22q11-q12: Clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindsay, E.A.; Shaffer, L.G.; Carrozzo, R.

    1995-04-10

    We report on a case of duplication of the segment 22q11-q12 due to a de novo duplication. Molecular cytogenetics studies demonstrated this to be a tandem duplication, flanked proximally by the marker D22Z4, a centromeric alpha satellite DNA repeat, and distally by D22S260, an anonymous DNA marker proximal to the Ewing sarcoma breakpoint. The segment includes the regions responsible for the {open_quotes}cat-eye{close_quotes}, Di George, and velo-cardio-facial syndromes and extends distal to the breakpoint cluster region (BCR). The clinical picture is dominated by the cardiac defects and includes findings reminiscent of {open_quotes}cat-eye{close_quotes} syndrome. These findings reinforce the hypothesis that the proximal 22q region contains dosage-sensitive genes involved in development. 20 refs., 3 figs.

  3. Development of polarization-controlled multi-pass Thomson scattering system in the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshikawa, M.; Morimoto, M.; Shima, Y.; Kohagura, J.; Sakamoto, M.; Nakashima, Y.; Imai, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan); Yasuhara, R.; Yamada, I.; Kawahata, K.; Funaba, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Minami, T. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan)

    2012-10-15

    In the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror, the typical electron density is comparable to that of the peripheral plasma of torus-type fusion devices. Therefore, an effective method to increase Thomson scattering (TS) signals is required in order to improve signal quality. In GAMMA 10, the yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG)-TS system comprises a laser, incident optics, light collection optics, signal detection electronics, and a data recording system. We have been developing a multi-pass TS method for a polarization-based system based on the GAMMA 10 YAG TS. To evaluate the effectiveness of the polarization-based configuration, the multi-pass system was installed in the GAMMA 10 YAG-TS system, which is capable of double-pass scattering. We carried out a Rayleigh scattering experiment and applied this double-pass scattering system to the GAMMA 10 plasma. The integrated scattering signal was made about twice as large by the double-pass system.

  4. Total Gross Tumor Volume Is an Independent Prognostic Factor in Patients Treated With Selective Nodal Irradiation for Stage I to III Small Cell Lung Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reymen, Bart; Van Loon, Judith; Baardwijk, Angela van; Wanders, Rinus; Borger, Jacques; Dingemans, Anne-Marie C.; Bootsma, Gerben; Pitz, Cordula; Lunde, Ragnar; Geraedts, Wiel; Lambin, Philippe; De Ruysscher, Dirk; University Hospital Leuven/ KU Leuven, Leuven

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: In non-small cell lung cancer, gross tumor volume (GTV) influences survival more than other risk factors. This could also apply to small cell lung cancer. Methods and Materials: Analysis of our prospective database with stage I to III SCLC patients referred for concurrent chemo radiation therapy. Standard treatment was 45 Gy in 1.5-Gy fractions twice daily concurrently with carboplatin-etoposide, followed by prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in case of non-progression. Only fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)-positive or pathologically proven nodal sites were included in the target volume. Total GTV consisted of post chemotherapy tumor volume and pre chemotherapy nodal volume. Survival was calculated from diagnosis (Kaplan-Meier ). Results: A total of 119 patients were included between May 2004 and June 2009. Median total GTV was 93 ± 152 cc (7.5-895 cc). Isolated elective nodal failure occurred in 2 patients (1.7%). Median follow-up was 38 months, median overall survival 20 months (95% confidence interval = 17.8-22.1 months), and 2-year survival 38.4%. In multivariate analysis, only total GTV (P=.026) and performance status (P=.016) significantly influenced survival. Conclusions: In this series of stage I to III small cell lung cancer patients treated with FDG-PET-based selective nodal irradiation total GTV is an independent risk factor for survival.

  5. Effects of in-situ and reanalysis climate data on estimation of cropland gross primary production using the Vegetation Photosynthesis Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Cui; Xiao, Xiangming; Wagle, Pradeep; Griffis, Timothy; Dong, Jinwei; Wu, Chaoyang; Qin, Yuanwei; Cook, David R.

    2015-11-01

    Satellite-based Production Efficiency Models (PEMs) often require meteorological reanalysis data such as the North America Regional Reanalysis (NARR) by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) as model inputs to simulate Gross Primary Production (GPP) at regional and global scales. This study first evaluated the accuracies of air temperature (TNARR) and downward shortwave radiation (RNARR) of the NARR by comparing with in-situ meteorological measurements at 37 AmeriFlux non-crop eddy flux sites, then used one PEM – the Vegetation Photosynthesis Model (VPM) to simulate 8-day mean GPP (GPPVPM) at seven AmeriFlux crop sites, and investigated the uncertainties in GPPVPM from climate inputs as compared with eddy covariance-based GPP (GPPEC). Results showed that TNARR agreed well with in-situ measurements; RNARR, however, was positively biased. An empirical linear correction was applied to RNARR, and significantly reduced the relative error of RNARR by ~25% for crop site-years. Overall, GPPVPM calculated from the in-situ (GPPVPM(EC)), original (GPPVPM(NARR)) and adjusted NARR (GPPVPM(adjNARR)) climate data tracked the seasonality of GPPEC well, albeit with different degrees of biases. GPPVPM(EC) showed a good match with GPPEC for maize (Zea mays L.), but was slightly underestimated for soybean (Glycine max L.). Replacing the in-situ climate data with the NARR resulted in a significant overestimation of GPPVPM(NARR) (18.4/29.6% for irrigated/rainfed maize and 12.7/12.5% for irrigated/rainfed soybean). GPPVPM(adjNARR) showed a good agreement with GPPVPM(EC) for both crops due to the reduction in the bias of RNARR. The results imply that the bias of RNARR introduced significant uncertainties into the PEM-based GPP estimates, suggesting that more accurate surface radiation datasets are needed to estimate primary production of terrestrial ecosystems at regional and global scales.

  6. The Impact of Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Edge Delineation of Gross Tumor Volume for Head and Neck Cancers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashamalla, Hani . E-mail: hashamalla@aol.com; Guirgius, Adel; Bieniek, Ewa; Rafla, Sameer; Evola, Alex; Goswami, Ganesh; Oldroyd, Randall; Mokhtar, Bahaa; Parikh, Kapila

    2007-06-01

    Purpose: To study anatomic biologic contouring (ABC), using a previously described distinct halo, to unify volume contouring methods in treatment planning for head and neck cancers. Methods and Materials: Twenty-five patients with head and neck cancer at various sites were planned for radiation therapy using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). The ABC halo was used in all PET/CT scans to contour the gross tumor volume (GTV) edge. The CT-based GTV (GTV-CT) and PET/CT-based GTV (GTV-ABC) were contoured by two independent radiation oncologists. Results: The ABC halo was observed in all patients studied. The halo had a standard unit value of 2.19 {+-} 0.28. The mean halo thickness was 2.02 {+-} 0.21 mm. Significant volume modification ({>=}25%) was seen in 17 of 25 patients (68%) after implementation of GTV-ABC. Concordance among observers was increased with the use of the halo as a guide for GTV determination: 6 patients (24%) had a {<=}10% volume discrepancy with CT alone, compared with 22 (88%) with PET/CT (p < 0.001). Interobserver variability decreased from a mean GTV difference of 20.3 cm{sup 3} in CT-based planning to 7.2 cm{sup 3} in PET/CT-based planning (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Using the 'anatomic biologic halo' to contour GTV in PET/CT improves consistency among observers. The distinctive appearance of the described halo and its presence in all of the studied tumors make it attractive for GTV contouring in head and neck tumors. Additional studies are needed to confirm the correlation of the halo with presence of malignant cells.

  7. Method and appartus for converting static in-ground vehicle scales into weigh-in-motion systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Muhs, Jeffrey D.; Scudiere, Matthew B.; Jordan, John K.

    2002-01-01

    An apparatus and method for converting in-ground static weighing scales for vehicles to weigh-in-motion systems. The apparatus upon conversion includes the existing in-ground static scale, peripheral switches and an electronic module for automatic computation of the weight. By monitoring the velocity, tire position, axle spacing, and real time output from existing static scales as a vehicle drives over the scales, the system determines when an axle of a vehicle is on the scale at a given time, monitors the combined weight output from any given axle combination on the scale(s) at any given time, and from these measurements automatically computes the weight of each individual axle and gross vehicle weight by an integration, integration approximation, and/or signal averaging technique.

  8. Efficient enhancement of hydrogen production by Ag/Cu{sub 2}O/ZnO tandem triple-junction photoelectrochemical cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Ying; Ren, Feng Chen, Chao; Liu, Chang; Xing, Zhuo; Liu, Dan; Xiao, Xiangheng; Wu, Wei; Zheng, Xudong; Liu, Yichao; Jiang, Changzhong; Shen, Shaohua; Fu, Yanming

    2015-03-23

    Highly efficient semiconductor photoelectrodes for solar hydrogen production through photocatalytic water splitting are a promising and challenge solution to solve the energy problems. In this work, Ag/Cu{sub 2}O/ZnO tandem triple-junction photoelectrode was designed and prepared. An increase of 11 times of photocurrent is achieved in the Ag/Cu{sub 2}O/ZnO photoelectrode comparing to that of the Cu{sub 2}O film. The high performance of the Ag/Cu{sub 2}O/ZnO film is due to the optimized design of the tandem triple-junction structure, where the localized surface Plasmon resonance of Ag and the hetero-junctions efficiently absorb solar energy, produce, and separate electron-hole pairs in the photocathode.

  9. Generating end plug potentials in tandem mirror plasma confinement by heating thermal particles so as to escape low density end stoppering plasmas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baldwin, David E.; Logan, B. Grant

    1981-01-01

    The invention provides a method and apparatus for raising the potential of a magnetic mirror cell by pumping charged particles of the opposite sign of the potential desired out of the mirror cell through excitation, with the pumping being done by an externally imposed field at the bounce frequency of the above charged particles. These pumped simple mirror cells then provide end stoppering for a center mirror cell for the tandem mirror plasma confinement apparatus. For the substantially complete pumping case, the end plugs of a tandem mirror can be up to two orders of magnitude lower in density for confining a given center mirror cell plasma than in the case of end plugs without pumping. As a result the decrease in recirculating power required to keep the system going, the technological state of the art required, and the capital cost are all greatly lowered.

  10. Generating end plug potentials in tandem mirror plasma confinement by heating thermal particles so as to escape low density end stoppering plasmas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baldwin, D.E.; Logan, B.G.

    The invention provides a method and apparatus for raising the potential of a magnetic mirror cell by pumping charged particles of the opposite sign of the potential desired out of the mirror cell through excitation, with the pumping being done by an externally imposed field at the bounce frequence of the above charged particles. These pumped simple mirror cells then provide end stoppering for a center mirror cell for the tandem mirror plasma confinement apparatus. For the substantially complete pumping case, the end plugs of a tandem mirror can be up to two orders of magnitude lower in density for confining a given center mirror cell plasma than in the case of end plugs without pumping. As a result the decrease in recirculating power required to keep the system going, the technical state of the art required, and the capital cost are all greatly lowered.

  11. NREL Develops ZnSiP2 for Silicon-Based Tandem Solar Cells (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights in Research & Development, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Combining an Earth-abundant chalcopyrite with a silicon layer could significantly boost conversion efficiency above that of single-junction silicon solar cells. A current technological challenge in photovoltaics (PV) is to implement a lattice-matched, optically efficient material to be used in conjunction with silicon for tandem PV cells. III-V materials currently hold the world-record conver- sion efficiencies for both single- and multijunction cells. Researchers at the National Renewable

  12. Tandem dissolution of UO 3 in amide-based acidic ionic liquid and in situ electrodeposition of UO 2 with regeneration of the ionic liquid: a closed cycle

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Wanigasekara, Eranda; Freiderich, John W.; Sun, Xiao-Guang; Meisner, Roberta A.; Luo, Huimin; Delmau, Lætitia H.; Dai, Sheng; Moyer, Bruce A.

    2016-05-19

    A closed cycle is demonstrated for the tandem dissolution and electroreduction of UO3 to UO2 with regeneration of the acidic ionic liquid. The dissolution is achieved by use of the acidic ionic liquid N,N-dimethylacetimidium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide) in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide) serving as the diluent. Bulk electrolysis performed at 1.0 V vs. Ag reference yields a dark brown-black uranium deposit (UO2) on the cathode. Anodic oxidation of water in the presence of dimethylacetamide regenerates the acidic ionic liquid. We have demonstrated the individual steps in the cycle together with a sequential dissolution, electroreduction, and regeneration cycle.

  13. Application of structural-mechanics methods to the design of large tandem-mirror fusion devices (MFTF-B). Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpenko, V.N.; Ng, D.S.

    1985-08-15

    The Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory requires state-of-the-art structural-mechanics methods to deal with access constraints for plasma heating and diagnostics, alignment requirements, and load complexity and variety. Large interactive structures required an integrated analytical approach to achieve a reasonable level of overall system optimization. The Tandem Magnet Generator (TMG) creates a magnet configuration for the EFFI calculation of electromagnetic-field forces that, coupled with other loads, form the input loading to magnet and vessel finite-element models. The analytical results provide the data base for detailed design of magnet, vessel, foundation, and interaction effects. 13 refs.

  14. Soft x-ray intensity profile measurements of electron cyclotron heated plasmas using semiconductor detector arrays in GAMMA 10 tandem mirror

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minami, R., E-mail: minami@prc.tsukuba.ac.jp; Imai, T.; Kariya, T.; Numakura, T.; Eguchi, T.; Kawarasaki, R.; Nakazawa, K.; Kato, T.; Sato, F.; Nanzai, H.; Uehara, M.; Endo, Y.; Ichimura, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan)

    2014-11-15

    Temporally and spatially resolved soft x-ray analyses of electron cyclotron heated plasmas are carried out by using semiconductor detector arrays in the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror. The detector array has 16-channel for the measurements of plasma x-ray profiles so as to make x-ray tomographic reconstructions. The characteristics of the detector array make it possible to obtain spatially resolved plasma electron temperatures down to a few tens eV and investigate various magnetohydrodynamic activities. High power electron cyclotron heating experiment for the central-cell region in GAMMA 10 has been started in order to reduce the electron drag by increasing the electron temperature.

  15. Composting in tandem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheehan, K.

    1994-03-01

    A composting company, a county, and a waste company have formed a symbiotic public/private relationship that is helping to extend the life of the area's landfills, as well as produce a needed product. California state assembly bill 939, passed in 1989, directed local governments to reduce the amount of garbage being landfilled in order to curtail the need for new landfills. Cities and counties in California are now mandated to reduce the volume of their waste stream by 25% by 1995. By the year 2000, the waste stream must be reduced by 50%. And the law has teeth -- to ensure these percentages are met, a $10,000 fine can be imposed for each day a deadline is missed. According to 1990 figures, Sonoma County's well-established recycling programs have been successful at diverting 15% of the county's waste stream from the landfill. Paula Magyari, a waste management specialist with the county Public Works Department, says yard wastes account for 13% of the waste stream in Sonoma County; wood wastes for at least 15%. At 13% and 15%, they are two of the largest components of the waste stream, and, equally important, they represent the portion of the waste stream that is most readily reusable to meet the 25% goal.

  16. SU-E-T-383: Can Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Mimic the Dose Distribution of High-Dose-Rate Tandem and Ovoids/ring Brachytherapy?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, S; Demanes, J; Kamrava, M; Scanderbeg, D

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To investigate whether stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) using volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) can mimic the dosimetry of tandem and ovoids/ring brachytherapy. Methods: We selected 5 patients treated with 3D-CT based high-dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy using 4 tandem and ovoid and 1 tandem and ring case. Manual optimization based on the Manchester system followed by graphical optimization (Nucletron Oncentra MasterPlan or Varian BrachyVision) was performed to deliver 6.0 Gy per fraction to a high-risk CTV while maintaining dose to organs at risk (OAR) below the ABS recommendations. For theoretical SBRT plans, CT images and OAR contours from the HDR plans were imported into Eclipse (Varian). The SBRT plan was created to mimic the heterogeneity of HDR plans by using a simultaneous integrated boost technique to match the V100, V150, and V200 isodose volumes from HDR. The OAR Dmax from HDR was used to define the OAR dose constraints for SBRT. Target coverage, dose spill-out, and OAR doses (D0.1cc, D1cc, and D2cc) between the HDR and SBRT plans were compared for significance using a two-tail paired ttest. Results: The mean isodose volumes for HDR vs. SBRT were 29.4 cc vs. 29.0 cc (V200, p = 0.674), 49.2 cc vs. 56.3 cc (V150, p = 0.017), 95.4 cc vs. 127.7 cc (V100, p = 0.001), and 271.9 cc vs. 581.6 cc (V50, p = 0.001). The D2cc to OAR for HDR vs. SBRT was 71.6% vs. 96.2% (bladder, p = 0.002), 69.2% vs. 101.7% (rectum, p = 0.0003), and 56.9% vs. 68.6% (sigmoid, p = 0.004). Conclusion: SBRT with VMAT can provide similar dose target coverage (V200), but dose spill-out and doses to OAR were statistically significantly higher than HDR. This study clearly demonstrated that brachytherapy can not be substituted with SBRT in gynecologic cervical cancer treatment.

  17. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Dealer and Commercial User License Beginning January 1, 2017, alternative fuel dealers and alternative fuel commercial users must apply for a license from the Michigan Department of Treasury. Commercial users are defined as those operating vehicles with three or more axles, or two axles and a gross vehicle weight rating exceeding 26,000 pounds, that operate in more than one state. Alternative fuel dealers must pay a license fee of $500 and commercial users must pay a license fee of $50. For the

  18. Multi-matrix, dual polarity, tandem mass spectrometry imaging strategy applied to a germinated maize seed: toward mass spectrometry imaging of an untargeted metabolome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feenstra, Adam D.; Hansen, Rebecca L.; Lee, Young Jin

    2015-08-27

    Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) provides high spatial resolution information that is unprecedented in traditional metabolomics analyses; however, the molecular coverage is often limited to a handful of compounds and is insufficient to understand overall metabolomic changes of a biological system. Here, we propose an MSI methodology to increase the diversity of chemical compounds that can be imaged and identified, in order to eventually perform untargeted metabolomic analysis using MSI. We use the desorption/ionization bias of various matrixes for different metabolite classes along with dual polarities and a tandem MSI strategy. The use of multiple matrixes and dual polarities allows us to visualize various classes of compounds, while data-dependent MS/MS spectra acquired in the same MSI scans allow us to identify the compounds directly on the tissue. In a proof of concept application to a germinated corn seed, a total of 166 unique ions were determined to have high-quality MS/MS spectra, without counting structural isomers, of which 52 were identified as unique compounds. According to an estimation based on precursor MSI datasets, we expect over five hundred metabolites could be potentially identified and visualized once all experimental conditions are optimized and an MS/MS library is available. Finally, metabolites involved in the glycolysis pathway and tricarboxylic acid cycle were imaged to demonstrate the potential of this technology to better understand metabolic biology.

  19. Multi-matrix, dual polarity, tandem mass spectrometry imaging strategy applied to a germinated maize seed: toward mass spectrometry imaging of an untargeted metabolome

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Feenstra, Adam D.; Hansen, Rebecca L.; Lee, Young Jin

    2015-08-27

    Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) provides high spatial resolution information that is unprecedented in traditional metabolomics analyses; however, the molecular coverage is often limited to a handful of compounds and is insufficient to understand overall metabolomic changes of a biological system. Here, we propose an MSI methodology to increase the diversity of chemical compounds that can be imaged and identified, in order to eventually perform untargeted metabolomic analysis using MSI. We use the desorption/ionization bias of various matrixes for different metabolite classes along with dual polarities and a tandem MSI strategy. The use of multiple matrixes and dual polarities allows usmore » to visualize various classes of compounds, while data-dependent MS/MS spectra acquired in the same MSI scans allow us to identify the compounds directly on the tissue. In a proof of concept application to a germinated corn seed, a total of 166 unique ions were determined to have high-quality MS/MS spectra, without counting structural isomers, of which 52 were identified as unique compounds. According to an estimation based on precursor MSI datasets, we expect over five hundred metabolites could be potentially identified and visualized once all experimental conditions are optimized and an MS/MS library is available. Finally, metabolites involved in the glycolysis pathway and tricarboxylic acid cycle were imaged to demonstrate the potential of this technology to better understand metabolic biology.« less

  20. Design scoping study of the 12T Yin-Yang magnet system for the Tandem Mirror Next Step (TMNS). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-09-01

    The overall objective of this engineering study was to determine the feasibility of designing a Yin-Yang magnet capable of producing a peak field in the windings of 12T for the Tandem Mirror Next Step (TMNS) program. As part of this technical study, a rough order of magnitude (ROM) cost estimate of the winding for this magnet was undertaken. The preferred approach to the winding design of the TMNS plug coil utilizes innovative design concepts to meet the structural, electrical and thermodynamic requirements of the magnet system. Structurally, the coil is radially partitioned into four sections, preventing the accumulation of the radial loads and reacting them into the structural case. To safely dissipate the 13.34 GJ of energy stored in each Yin-Yang magnet, the winding has been electrically subdivided into parallel or nested coils, each having its own power supply and protection circuitry. This arrangement effectively divides the total stored energy of the coils into manageable subsystems. The windings are cooled with superfluid helium II, operated at 1.8K and 1.2 atmospheres. The superior cooling capabilities of helium II have enabled the overall winding envelope to be minimized, providing a current density of 2367 A/CM/sup 2/, excluding substructure.

  1. Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    209,342 201,517 207,703 214,000 199,578 212,608 1991-2016 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA ... NA NA 1996-2016 Marketed Production 209,342 201,517 207,703 214,000 199,578 212,608 1989

  2. Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5,144 4,851 5,825 5,400 5,294 4,276 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 5,144 4,851 5,825 5,400 5,294 4,276 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2015 Repressuring 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2015 Vented and Flared 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2015 Marketed Production 5,144 4,851 5,825 5,400 5,294 4,276 1967-2015 Dry Production 4,638 4,335 5,324 4,912 4,912 3,937

  3. Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7,593,697 7,934,689 8,143,510 8,299,472 8,659,188 8,801,282 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 4,441,188 3,794,952 3,619,901 3,115,409 2,672,326 2,316,239 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 849,560 1,073,301 860,675 1,166,810 1,558,002 1,801,212 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 2,302,950 3,066,435 3,662,933 4,017,253 4,428,859 4,683,831 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2015 Repressuring 558,854 502,020 437,367 423,413 440,153 533,047 1967-2015 Vented and Flared 39,569 35,248 47,530 76,113 90,125 113,786

  4. Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Alaska Arkansas California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Nebraska Nevada New York Oregon South Dakota Tennessee Virginia Period-Unit: Monthly-Million Cubic Feet Monthly-Million Cubic Feet per Day Annual-Million Cubic Feet Download Series History Download Series History

  5. Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  6. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore Federal Offshore U.S. Alaska Alaska Onshore Alaska Offshore Alaska State Offshore Arkansas California California Onshore California Offshore California State Offshore Federal Offshore California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Alabama Federal Offshore Louisiana Federal Offshore Texas Kansas Louisiana Louisiana Onshore Louisiana Offshore Louisiana State Offshore Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Texas

  7. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Alaska Arkansas California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Nebraska Nevada New York Oregon South Dakota Tennessee Virginia Period-Unit: Monthly-Million Cubic Feet Monthly-Million Cubic Feet per Day Annual-Million Cubic Feet Download Series History Download Series History

  8. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2002-2016 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2016 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2016 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2016 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2016 Federal Offshore Gulf ...

  9. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1-2016 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  10. Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2016 Repressuring NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  11. Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  12. Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    23,819 23,559 22,451 22,896 22,535 20,900 1991-2016 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  13. Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    43 43 34 44 32 20 1967-2014 From Gas Wells 43 43 34 44 32 20 1967-2014 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2014 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2014 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 ...

  14. Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    NA NA NA NA 9 9 1967-2014 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA 8 8 1967-2014 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA 1 * 2007-2014 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA 0 0 2007-2014 From Coalbed Wells NA NA ...

  15. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6-2016 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  16. Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2016 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed ...

  17. Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  18. Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed ...

  19. Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3,938 17,129 18,681 18,011 3,178 5,790 1971-2015 From Gas Wells 0 0 17,182 16,459 43 69 1996-2015 From Oil Wells 13,938 17,129 1,500 1,551 3,135 5,720 1971-2015 From Shale Gas ...

  20. Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Nebraska Nevada New ...

  1. Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Nebraska Nevada New ...

  2. Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Nebraska Nevada New ...

  3. Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    6-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2016 Repressuring NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  4. Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore Federal Offshore U.S. Alaska Alaska Onshore Alaska Offshore Alaska State Offshore Arkansas California California Onshore California Offshore ...

  5. Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore Federal Offshore U.S. Alaska Alaska Onshore Alaska Offshore Alaska State Offshore Arkansas California California Onshore California Offshore ...

  6. Offshore Gross Withdrawals of Natural Gas

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Total Offshore 2,875,945 2,416,644 2,044,643 1,859,469 1,818,267 1977-2014 State Offshore 575,601 549,151 489,505 505,318 514,809 1978-2014 From Gas Wells 234,236 208,970 ...

  7. Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore Federal Offshore U.S. Alaska Alaska Onshore Alaska Offshore Alaska State Offshore Arkansas California California Onshore California Offshore ...

  8. Offshore Gross Withdrawals of Natural Gas

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 View History Federal Offshore 106,086 112,137 108,752 101,117 111,581 102,289 1997-2016 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1997-2016 From ...

  9. Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore Federal Offshore U.S. Alaska Alaska Onshore Alaska Offshore Alaska State Offshore Arkansas California California Onshore California Offshore ...

  10. Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2,218,283 3,040,523 2,955,437 2,366,943 1,968,618 1,784,797 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 911,967 883,712 775,506 780,623 720,416 619,242 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 63,638 68,505 49,380 51,948 50,722 44,748 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 1,242,678 2,088,306 2,130,551 1,534,372 1,197,480 1,120,806 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2015 Repressuring 3,606 5,015 0 2,829 3,199 4,248 1967-2015 Vented and Flared 4,578 6,302 0 3,912 4,606 3,748 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 0 0

  11. Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    136,782 143,826 129,333 123,622 115,065 107,634 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 7,345 18,470 17,041 17,502 14,139 12,329 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 9,453 11,620 4,470 4,912 5,560 4,796 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 119,984 113,736 107,822 101,208 95,366 90,509 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2015 Repressuring 2,340 2,340 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Vented and Flared 3,324 3,324 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996-2015 Marketed Production 131,118 138,162 129,333 123,622

  12. Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    401,660 443,351 452,915 59,272 54,446 58,207 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 387,026 429,829 404,457 47,385 43,020 44,868 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 8,714 8,159 43,421 7,256 7,136 9,220 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 5,921 5,363 5,036 4,630 4,289 4,119 2002-2015 Repressuring 3,480 3,788 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Vented and Flared 8,685 9,593 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 315,775 348,482 389,072 0 NA 0 1980-2015 Marketed Production 73,721 81,487 63,843

  13. Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    93,266 79,506 66,954 63,242 59,160 57,421 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 51,117 37,937 27,518 19,831 17,015 13,571 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 19,292 21,777 20,085 23,152 22,757 23,065 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 12,937 13,101 15,619 18,636 18,910 20,428 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 9,920 6,691 3,731 1,623 478 357 2002-2015 Repressuring 5 4 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Vented and Flared 5,722 4,878 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed NA NA 0 0 NA 0 1996-2015 Marketed Production 87,539 74,624 66,954

  14. Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Alaska Arkansas California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Nebraska Nevada New York Oregon South Dakota Tennessee Virginia Period-Unit: Monthly-Million Cubic Feet Monthly-Million Cubic Feet per Day Annual-Million Cubic Feet Download Series History Download Series History

  15. Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    68,548 167,539 162,880 167,555 163,345 165,658 1991-2015 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA ... NA NA 1991-2015 Marketed Production 150,260 149,361 145,208 149,375 145,622 147,684 1989

  16. Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    Annual Energy Outlook

    From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA ...

  17. Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2,255 1,980 1,328 1,032 417 477 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 2,092 1,854 1,317 1,027 353 399 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 163 126 11 5 63 78 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2015 Repressuring 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2015 Vented and Flared 24 21 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 NA 0 2006-2015 Marketed Production 2,231 1,959 1,328 1,032 417 477 1967-2015 Dry Production 2,231 1,959 1,328 1,032 417 477

  18. Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    78,122 78,858 84,482 166,017 512,371 1,014,848 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 73,459 30,655 65,025 55,583 51,541 46,237 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 4,651 45,663 6,684 10,317 13,022 32,674 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 11 2,540 12,773 100,117 447,809 935,937 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2015 Repressuring 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2015 Vented and Flared 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2015 Marketed Production 78,122 78,858 84,482 166,017 512,371 1,014,848

  19. Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Alaska Arkansas California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Nebraska Nevada New York Oregon South Dakota Tennessee Virginia Period-Unit: Monthly-Million Cubic Feet Monthly-Million Cubic Feet per Day Annual-Million Cubic Feet Download Series History Download Series History

  20. Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore Federal Offshore U.S. Alaska Alaska Onshore Alaska Offshore Alaska State Offshore Arkansas California California Onshore California Offshore California State Offshore Federal Offshore California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Alabama Federal Offshore Louisiana Federal Offshore Texas Kansas Louisiana Louisiana Onshore Louisiana Offshore Louisiana State Offshore Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Texas

  1. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,916,762 1,779,055 1,539,395 1,425,783 1,307,072 1,181,320 2002-2015 Alaska 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2015 Alaska Onshore 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2015 Arkansas 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2015 California 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2015 Colorado 529,891 514,531 376,543 449,281 420,383 398,298 2002-2015 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2015 Kansas 38,869 35,924 31,689 28,244 25,387 23,359 2002-2015 Louisiana 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2015 Louisiana Onshore 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2015 Montana 9,920 6,691 3,731 1,623 478 357 2002-2015

  2. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells

    Annual Energy Outlook

    NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Missouri NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Nebraska NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Nevada NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 New York NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Oregon ...

  3. Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 3 4 3 3 1991-2014 From Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 3 2006-2014 From Oil Wells 4 4 3 4 3 * 1991-2014 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2014 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2014 ...

  4. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Missouri NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Nebraska NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Nevada NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 New York NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 Oregon ...

  5. California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore Federal Offshore U.S. Alaska Alaska Onshore Alaska Offshore Alaska State Offshore Arkansas California California Onshore California Offshore California State Offshore Federal Offshore California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Alabama Federal Offshore Louisiana Federal Offshore Texas Kansas Louisiana Louisiana Onshore Louisiana Offshore Louisiana State Offshore Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Texas

  6. California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Alaska Arkansas California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Nebraska Nevada New York Oregon South Dakota Tennessee Virginia Period-Unit: Monthly-Million Cubic Feet Monthly-Million Cubic Feet per Day Annual-Million Cubic Feet Download Series History Download Series History

  7. Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore Federal Offshore U.S. Alaska Alaska Onshore Alaska Offshore Alaska State Offshore Arkansas California California Onshore California Offshore California State Offshore Federal Offshore California Colorado Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Alabama Federal Offshore Louisiana Federal Offshore Texas Kansas Louisiana Louisiana Onshore Louisiana Offshore Louisiana State Offshore Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Texas

  8. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2,010,171 1,916,762 1,779,055 1,539,395 1,425,783 1,285,189 2002-2014 Alaska 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2014 Alaska Onshore 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2014 Arkansas 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2014 California 0...

  9. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells

    Annual Energy Outlook

    2002-2015 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2015 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2015 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2015 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2015 Federal Offshore Gulf...

  10. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    14,414,287 13,247,498 12,291,070 12,504,227 10,759,545 10,384,119 1967-2014 U.S. State Offshore 259,848 234,236 208,970 204,667 186,887 159,337 1978-2014 Federal Offshore U.S....

  11. Advanced Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    To qualify for the exemption, the owner of a qualified generating facility must first obtain a certificate of eligibility from the Department of Environment. The owner must then present the...

  12. Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    147,255 151,094 146,405 139,382 133,661 127,584 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 23,086 20,375 21,802 26,815 10,143 10,679 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 0 0 9 9 12 8 2006-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 16,433 18,501 17,212 13,016 12,309 11,059 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 107,736 112,219 107,383 99,542 111,197 105,838 2006-2015 Repressuring 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003-2015 Vented and Flared NA NA 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2015 Marketed Production 147,255 151,094 146,405 139,382 133,661

  13. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    1978-2014 Federal Offshore U.S. 1,878,928 1,701,665 1,355,489 1,028,474 831,636 720,400 1977-2014 Alaska 137,639 127,417 112,268 107,873 91,686 104,219 1967-2014 Alaska Onshore...

  14. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    355,472 1978-2014 Federal Offshore U.S. 606,403 598,679 512,003 526,664 522,515 583,058 1977-2014 Alaska 3,174,747 3,069,683 3,050,654 3,056,918 3,123,671 3,064,346 1967-2014...

  15. Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

  16. Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    135,330 124,243 106,122 94,665 93,091 85,775 1967-2015 From Gas Wells 133,521 122,578 106,122 94,665 93,091 85,775 1967-2015 From Oil Wells 1,809 1,665 0 0 0 0 1967-2015 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2015 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2015 Repressuring 0 0 0 0 NA 0 2006-2015 Vented and Flared 0 0 0 0 NA 0 1967-2015 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 NA 0 2006-2015 Marketed Production 135,330 124,243 106,122 94,665 93,091 85,775 1967-2015 Dry Production 130,754 119,559 99,551

  17. Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2,887 2,626 1967-2014 From Gas Wells 1,438 1,697 2,114 2,125 2,887 2,626 1967-2014 From Oil Wells 5 5 7 0 0 0 1967-2014 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2014 From Coalbed...

  18. Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1967-2014 From Gas Wells 340,224 328,135 351,168 402,899 383,216 360,587 1967-2014 From Oil Wells 36,795 42,526 49,947 31,440 36,737 44,996 1967-2014 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0...

  19. Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7,938 6,616 1967-2014 From Gas Wells 4,927 6,802 9,075 8,814 7,938 6,616 1967-2014 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2014 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2014 From Coalbed...

  20. Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    From Gas Wells 1,806,807 1,787,599 1,709,218 1,762,095 1,673,667 1,671,442 1967-2014 From Oil Wells 135,269 151,871 152,589 24,544 29,134 38,974 1967-2014 From Shale Gas Wells...