National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for goods merchandise raw

  1. General Merchandise 50% Energy Savings Technical Support Document...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Publication Year 2009 URL http:www.nrel.govdocsfy09osti46100.pdf Building Models General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline, General Merchandise 2009...

  2. General Merchandise 50% Energy Savings Technical Support Document

    SciTech Connect

    Hale, E.; Leach, M.; Hirsch, A.; Torcellini, P.

    2009-09-01

    This report documents technical analysis for medium-box general merchandise stores aimed at providing design guidance that achieves whole-building energy savings of at least 50% over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004.

  3. Commercial Building Partnership General Merchandise Energy Savings Overview

    SciTech Connect

    2013-03-01

    The Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) paired selected commercial building owners and operators with representatives of DOE, national laboratories and private sector exports to explore energy efficiency measures across general merchandise commercial buildings.

  4. Strategies to Save 50% Site Energy in Grocery and General Merchandise Stores

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Strategies to Save 50% Site Energy in Grocery and General Merchandise Stores Adam Hirsch, Elaine Hale, and Matthew Leach Presented at the ACEEE Summer Study 2010 Pacific Grove, California August 15-20, 2010 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-48197 March 2011 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a

  5. RawSolar | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    RawSolar Jump to: navigation, search Name: RawSolar Place: Berkeley, California Sector: Solar Product: California-based startup aiming to commercialise concentrating solar thermal...

  6. Conversion of raw carbonaceous fuels

    DOEpatents

    Cooper, John F.

    2007-08-07

    Three configurations for an electrochemical cell are utilized to generate electric power from the reaction of oxygen or air with porous plates or particulates of carbon, arranged such that waste heat from the electrochemical cells is allowed to flow upwards through a storage chamber or port containing raw carbonaceous fuel. These configurations allow combining the separate processes of devolatilization, pyrolysis and electrochemical conversion of carbon to electric power into a single unit process, fed with raw fuel and exhausting high BTU gases, electric power, and substantially pure CO.sub.2 during operation.

  7. Good Fences Make Good Financing: Project Finance Explained | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Good Fences Make Good Financing: Project Finance Explained Good Fences Make Good Financing: Project Finance Explained April 7, 2016 - 9:12am Addthis Good Fences Make Good Financing: Project Finance Explained David Feldman David Feldman Energy Analyst, Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory At the U.S. Department of Energy, one of our key missions is supporting research, development and deployment of new technologies. How do we do this? We fund projects of all

  8. Reliability study: raw and make-up water system, Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Peterman, S.M.; Wiehle, W.E.; Walder, A.; Houk, T.C.; West, R.M.

    1981-09-01

    A reliability study for determining the ability of the raw and make-up water system to provide reliable and adequate service through the year 2000 has been completed. This study includes an evaluation of the well fields, X-608 Raw Water Pump House, X-605 Booster Station Complex, X-611 Water Treatment Complex, and the associated piping. The raw and make-up water system is in good overall condition, but to maintain this condition, the reliability study team made the following recommendations: (1) increase well field capacity; (2) replace certain speed reducers at X-611; (3) repair deteriorated poles, crossarms, and accessories on F-2 and W-1 feeders; (4) stabilize the landslide in vicinity of the 48 in. raw water main; and (5) initiate further investigation, testing, or engineering studies to correct deficiencies in the supervisory control system between well fields, pump house, and X-611, determine if the 2400 volt underground cables to X-608A wells should be replaced.

  9. Good Energies | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Good Energies is a financial organization based in New York, New York. References "Good Energies: "Contact" Page"...

  10. Good for the Community, Good for the Globe

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    One woman's quest to find the perfect summer kale, a leafy green that's both spicy and also good for the environment.

  11. LED Watch: Good Isnt Quite Good Enough

    Energy Saver

    Good Isn't QuIte Good enouGh A DOE white paper examines what we stand to gain by increasing lED efficacy T he rapid and substantial gains in efficacy shown by LED lighting products over the past few years might prompt some people to question the need for further targeted improvements in this area. Today's high-performing LED devices can produce 160 lumens per watt, with most high-performing LED luminaires achieving 125 to 135 lm/W. And while those figures fall considerably short of the U.S.

  12. FEM A Good Ideas Book

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FEM A Good Ideas Book How people and communities are p reparing for d i s a s t e r Ideas for * Pa rt n e r s h i p s * Media Re l a t i o n s * Special Eve n t s * Special Po p u l a t i o n s Ou t re a c h Community and Fa m i l y P re p a redness THE GOOD IDEAS BOOK Table of Contents How to Use This ìGood Ideas Book 2 Organizing a Successful Public Preparedness Campaign 3 A. Partnerships 7 Partnering with Local Corporations 10 Partnering with Community Organizations 12 Partnering with the

  13. Snow! Good Job! | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Snow! Good Job! Snow! Good Job! March 2, 2015 In the Pennines of North Yorkshire, where I was raised, we had a 14 mile bus trip to school each day, and it was quite hilly. So when snow arrived, travel was difficult. So most years we got a few days off school, and unlike here, they did not need to be made up. There were also legendary years, 1947 before I was born, 1963 when I was in high school, when the snow fell and the east wind blew and three- to six-foot drifts were not unusual. The road

  14. Real Goods Solar Campbell | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Goods Solar Campbell Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Campbell Name: Real Goods Solar Campbell Address: 1624 Dell Avenue Place: Campbell, California Zip: 95008...

  15. Suzhou Good Ark Electronics | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Good Ark Electronics Jump to: navigation, search Name: Suzhou Good-Ark Electronics Place: Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China Zip: 215011 Product: Good-Ark mainly offers diodes, bridge...

  16. ORPC RivGen controller performance raw data - Igiugig 2015

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jarlath McEntee

    2015-12-18

    Contains raw data for operations of Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC) RivGen Power System in Igiugig 2015 in Matlab data file format. Two data files capture the data and timestamps for data, including power in, voltage, rotation rate, and velocity.

  17. Switch for Good Community Program

    SciTech Connect

    Crawford, Tabitha; Amran, Martha

    2013-11-19

    Switch4Good is an energy-savings program that helps residents reduce consumption from behavior changes; it was co-developed by Balfour Beatty Military Housing Management (BB) and WattzOn in Phase I of this grant. The program was offered at 11 Navy bases. Three customer engagement strategies were evaluated, and it was found that Digital Nudges (a combination of monthly consumption statements with frequent messaging via text or email) was most cost-effective.

  18. One of the Good Guys

    SciTech Connect

    Wiley, H. S.

    2010-10-01

    I was talking with some younger colleagues at a meeting last month when the subject of career goals came up. These colleagues were successful in that they had recently received tenure at top research universities and had some grants and good students. Thus, the early career pressure to simply survive was gone. So now what motivated them? Solving challenging and significant scientific problems was at the top of their lists. Interestingly, they were also motivated by a desire to become one of the “good guys” in science. The fact that being an important contributor to the scientific community can be fulfilling should not come as a surprise to anyone. However, what I do consider surprising is how rarely this seems to be discussed with students and postdocs. What we do discuss are either those issues that are fundamental aspects of the job (get a grant, get tenure, do research in an important field) or those that are important to our institutions. Knowing how to do our jobs well is indeed essential for any kind of professional success. However, achieving the right balance in our ambitions is also important for our happiness.

  19. Goode Gym Energy Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Coleman, Andrena

    2014-12-11

    The Ida H. Goode Gymnasium was constructed in 1964 to serve as a focal point for academics, student recreation, and health and wellness activities. This 38,000 SF building contains a gymnasium with a stage, swimming pool, eight classrooms, a weight room, six offices and auxiliary spaces for the athletic programs. The gym is located on a 4-acre greenfield, which is slated for improvement and enhancement to future athletics program at Bennett College. The available funding for this project was used to weatherize the envelope of the gymnasium, installation of a new energy-efficient mechanical system, and a retrofit of the existing lighting systems in the building’s interior. The envelope weatherization was completed without disturbing the building’s historic preservation eligibility. The existing heating system was replaced with a new high efficiency condensing system. The new heating system also includes a new Building Automation System which provides additional monitoring. Proper usage of this system will provide additional energy savings. Most of the existing interior lighting fixtures and bulbs were replaced with new LED and high efficiency T-8 bulbs and fixtures. Occupancy sensors were installed in applicable areas. The Ida Goode Gymnasium should experience high electricity and natural gas savings as well as operational/maintenance efficiency increases. The aesthetics of the building was maintained and the overall safety was improved.

  20. Good Energies (Canada) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Good Energies (Canada) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Good Energies (Canada) Name: Good Energies (Canada) Address: 586 Argus Road, Suite 200 Place: Oakville, Canada Zip: L6J 3J3...

  1. OSTIblog Articles in the raw data Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    raw data Topic Open Science: the Case for Preserving Raw Data by Dr. Jeffrey Salmon 12 Jul, 2011 in Technology Everyone speaks well of the idea that the results of scientific ...

  2. Analysis of the raw data of sample plots in NFIMAP Cycle IV ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    raw data of sample plots in NFIMAP Cycle IV (English version) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Analysis of the raw data of sample plots in NFIMAP Cycle IV...

  3. Good Energies (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energies (United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Good Energies (United Kingdom) Name: Good Energies (United Kingdom) Address: 2-5 Old Bond Street Place: London, United...

  4. Good Energy UK | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Good Energy UK Place: Wiltshire, United Kingdom Zip: SN15 1ER Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Supplier of renewable electricity to homes and businesses. References: Good Energy...

  5. Good Energies (Washington DC) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Good Energies (Washington DC) Name: Good Energies (Washington DC) Address: 1250 24th St., NW, Suite 250 Place: Washington, District of Columbia Zip: 20037 Product: Global investor...

  6. Conservation is good, preservation is better

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Conservation is good, preservation is better Conservation is good, preservation is better Laboratory employees share what they do to save energy, reduce pollution, cut costs, and ...

  7. Real Goods Solar Ukiah | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Ukiah Name: Real Goods Solar Ukiah Address: 301 L Kunzler Ranch Rd Place: Ukiah, California Zip: 95482 Sector: Solar Year Founded: 1978...

  8. Real Goods Solar Fullerton | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Goods Solar Fullerton Name: Real Goods Solar Fullerton Address: 2466 E Fender Ave Unit F Place: Fullerton, California Zip: 92831 Sector: Solar Year Founded: 1989 Phone Number:...

  9. FEMA Good Ideas Book | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FEMA Good Ideas Book FEMA Good Ideas Book emergency managers, leaders of citizen groups and voluntary agencies, individual volunteers and others who promote disaster preparedness. FEMA Good Ideas Book (289.85 KB) More Documents & Publications Emergency Preparedness Resources Problems and Solutions: Training Disaster Organizations of the Use of PV FEMA Good Ideas Book 2012 CFCNCA Catalog of Caring

  10. RECOVERY OF URANIUM VALUES FROM URANIUM BEARING RAW MATERIALS

    DOEpatents

    Michal, E.J.; Porter, R.R.

    1959-06-16

    Uranium leaching from ground uranium-bearing raw materials using MnO/sub 2/ in H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ is described. The MnO/sub 2/ oxidizes U to the leachable hexavalent state. The MnO/sub 2/ does not replace Fe normally added, because the Fe complexes P and catalyzes the MnO/sub 2/ reaction. Three examples of continuous processes are given, but batch operation is also possible. The use of MnO/sub 2/ makes possible recovery of very low U values. (T.R.H.)

  11. Real Goods Solar Denver | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Real Goods Solar Denver Name: Real Goods Solar Denver Address: 7003 E. 47th Ave Dr, Unit 700 Place: Denver, Colorado Zip: 80218 Sector: Solar Year Founded: 1978 Phone Number:...

  12. Good-Bye, SIC - Hello, NAICS

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home > Industrial > Manufacturing > Good-Bye, SIC - Hello, NAICS Good-Bye, SIC - Hello, NAICS The North American Industry...

  13. Phase I privatization - raw and potable water design requirements document

    SciTech Connect

    Parazin, R.J.

    1996-09-30

    The U.S. Department of Energy has chosen to accomplish the Tank Waste Remediation System disposal mission via privatization. The disposal mission has been divided into two phases. Phase I, a `proof of concept` phase, will establish and demonstrate the technical, commercial, and procurement capabilities necessary for privatization to proceed. Once established on this relatively small scale, privatization will be expanded, through a second competition, in the form of a second phase (Phase II) to dispose of the remainder of the tank waste. The Phase I privatization site will be located in the former Grout Disposal Site area. To prepare the site for use for the private contractors, utilities must be extended from the 200 East Area infrastructure. This document describes the design requirements for the prime water services; i.e raw, fire suppression and sanitary (potable) to be provided to the private contractors. These requirements will be used in directing the conceptual design of these proposed water services.

  14. Good Company Associates Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Zip: 78701 Sector: Efficiency, Renewable Energy Product: Good Company Associates is a business development consulting firm specializing in energy efficiency, renewables, and...

  15. Good Practice Guide Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention

    SciTech Connect

    J Dorsey

    1999-10-14

    This Good Practice Guide provides tools, information, and examples for promoting the implementation of pollution prevention during the design phases of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) projects. It is one of several Guides for implementing DOE Order 430.1, Life-cycle Asset Management. DOE Order 430.1 provides requirements for DOE, in partnership with its contractors, to plan, acquire, operate, maintain, and dispose of physical assets. The goals of designing for pollution prevention are to minimize raw material consumption, energy consumption, waste generation, health and safety impacts, and ecological degradation over the entire life of the facility (EPA 1993a). Users of this Guide will learn to translate national policy and regulatory requirements for pollution prevention into action at the project level. The Guide was written to be applicable to all DOE projects, regardless of project size or design phase. Users are expected to interpret the Guide for their individual project's circumstances, applying a graded approach so that the effort is consistent with the anticipated waste generation and resource consumption of the physical asset. This Guide employs a combination of pollution prevention opportunity assessment (PPOA) methods and design for environment (DfE) philosophies. The PPOA process was primarily developed for existing products, processes, and facilities. The PPOA process has been modified in this Guide to address the circumstances of the DOE design process as delineated in DOE Order 430.1 and its associated Good Practice Guides. This modified form of the PPOA is termed the Pollution Prevention Design Assessment (P2DA). Information on current nationwide methods and successes in designing for the environment also have been reviewed and are integrated into this guidance.

  16. Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Seismic data - raw taken by Apex Hipoint for 1st test 2012

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jaffe, Todd

    2012-01-01

    Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Seismic data - raw taken by Apex Hipoint for 1st test 2012

  17. Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Seismic data - raw taken by Apex Hipoint for 1st test 2012

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jaffe, Todd

    Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Seismic data - raw taken by Apex Hipoint for 1st test 2012

  18. Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Raw data used to prepare the Gravity Report by Zonge 2012

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jaffe, Todd

    Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Raw data used to prepare the Gravity Report by Zonge 2012

  19. Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Raw data used to prepare the Gravity Report by Zonge 2012

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jaffe, Todd

    2012-01-01

    Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Raw data used to prepare the Gravity Report by Zonge 2012

  20. Team Leader's Good Practices for Readiness Reviews

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-HDBK-3012-2015 SUPERSEDING DOE-HDBK-3012-2003 DOE HANDBOOK TEAM LEADER'S GOOD PRACTICES FOR READINESS REVIEWS U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-3012-2015 i FOREWORD This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Handbook, Team Leader's Good Practices for Readiness Reviews, is approved for use by all DOE Components and their contractors. DOE Order (O) 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start up

  1. OSTIblog Articles in the raw data Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scientific and Technical Information raw data Topic Open Science: the Case for Preserving Raw Data by Dr. Jeffrey Salmon 12 Jul, 2011 in Technology Everyone speaks well of the idea that the results of scientific research should be open for all to see, although there are obvious caveats to complete openness: Proprietary research, human subjects research, preliminary results, the pace and timing for releasing results, all come to mind. But when it comes to research funded by the taxpayer, open

  2. Lidar - DOE ARM StreamLine Doppler Lidar (Halo) - Raw Data (Dataset) | Data

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Explorer Lidar - DOE ARM StreamLine Doppler Lidar (Halo) - Raw Data Title: Lidar - DOE ARM StreamLine Doppler Lidar (Halo) - Raw Data See attached documentation. Authors: Newsom, Rob Publication Date: 2016-10-25 OSTI Identifier: 1328872 DOE Contract Number: 67025F Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Specialized Mix Research Org: Atmosphere to Electrons (A2e) Data Archive and Portal, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; PNNL Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable

  3. Their best defense is good fiscal sense (Daily Press) | Jefferson...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlestheir-best-defense-good-fiscal-sense-daily-press Their best defense is good fiscal sense Top Guard Security finds it can be a good idea to say,...

  4. Good Practice Guide on Firewall Deployment for SCADA and Process...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Good Practice Guide on Firewall Deployment for SCADA and Process Control Networks Good Practice Guide on Firewall Deployment for SCADA and Process Control Networks In recent years, ...

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas Tractors to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas ...

  6. Real Goods Solar San Rafael | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Rafael Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar San Rafael Name: Real Goods Solar San Rafael Address: 27 Simms Street Place: San Rafael, California Zip: 94901 Sector:...

  7. Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide |...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Good Practice Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide AgencyCompany Organization: United...

  8. Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Cruz Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz Name: Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz Address: 1115 Thompson Avenue, 1 Place: Santa Cruz, California Zip: 95062...

  9. Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers ...

  10. Community Power Works: Good Jobs, Green Jobs Conference | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Works: Good Jobs, Green Jobs Conference Community Power Works: Good Jobs, Green Jobs ... to Extend Program Reach Contractor Quality Assurance and Home Performance with Energy Star

  11. Lessons Learned from Raw Treatment in the Slovak Republic - Minimization for Final Disposal

    SciTech Connect

    Hanusik, V.; Hladky, E.; Krajc, T.; Pekar, A.; Stubna, M.; Urbanec, M. [Milan Zatkulak, VUJE, a.s., Trnava (Slovakia); Ehn, L.; Kover, M.; Remias, V.; Slezak, M. [JAVYS, a.s., Bohunice (Slovakia)

    2008-07-01

    This paper is referring about the utilization of technologies for the treatment and conditioning of low and intermediate level RAW from operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Slovakia. This experience represents more than 116 reactor years of NPP operation, mainly of NPPs equipped with VVER 440 reactors, 30 years of decommissioning activities, 27 years of development and operation of technologies for the treatment and conditioning of RAW and 7 years of LLW and ILW final repository operation. These technologies are located in two localities: Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce. The complex treatment and conditioning center (cementation, bituminization, incineration, vitrification, fragmentation and compacting) for almost all types of radioactive waste is located in Jaslovske Bohunice NPP site. The treatment and conditioning center for liquid radioactive waste (cementation and bituminization) and the surface type repository for LLW and ILW final disposal are located in Mochovce area. The treated waste forms are disposed to repository in cubical Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC) containers. The experience from the phase of technology development and the phase of technology modifications for various types of RAW, the experience from long term operation of technologies and the experience from transportation of original and packed wastes are described in this paper. The method of optimally combined technology utilization in order to maximize the radionuclide inventory at the same time with respect of disposal safety limitations of repository is described, too. The significant RAW volume reduction for final disposal was achieved through mediation of the combination of treatment and conditioning technologies. The disposal of treated RAW in cubic FRC containers allowed the optimal utilization of volume and radiological capacity of LLW and ILW repository in Mochovce and the fulfillment of determined safety requirements at the same time. (authors)

  12. Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting arravt063_ti_rice_2012_o.pdf (1.07 MB) More Documents & Publications Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative Midwest Region Alternative Fuels Project

  13. Feed-in Tariffs: Good Practices and Design Considerations. A...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ......... 1 Policy Design and Good Practices......Text Box 1. Ghana: Sending Consistent FIT Policy Signals ......

  14. Defense programs beryllium good practice guide

    SciTech Connect

    Herr, M.

    1997-07-01

    Within the DOE, it has recently become apparent that some contractor employees who have worked (or are currently working) with and around beryllium have developed chronic beryllium disease (CBD), an occupational granulomatous lung disorder. Respiratory exposure to aerosolized beryllium, in susceptible individuals, causes an immunological reaction that can result in granulomatous scarring of the lung parenchyma, shortness of breath, cough, fatigue, weight loss, and, ultimately, respiratory failure. Beryllium disease was originally identified in the 1940s, largely in the fluorescent light industry. In 1950, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) introduced strict exposure standards that generally curtailed both the acute and chronic forms of the disease. Beginning in 1984, with the identification of a CBD case in a DOE contractor worker, there was increased scrutiny of both industrial hygiene practices and individuals in this workforce. To date, over 100 additional cases of beryllium-specific sensitization and/or CBD have been identified. Thus, a disease previously thought to be largely eliminated by the adoption of permissible exposure standards 45 years ago is still a health risk in certain workforces. This good practice guide forms the basis of an acceptable program for controlling workplace exposure to beryllium. It provides (1) Guidance for minimizing worker exposure to beryllium in Defense Programs facilities during all phases of beryllium-related work, including the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of facilities. (2) Recommended controls to be applied to the handling of metallic beryllium and beryllium alloys, beryllium oxide, and other beryllium compounds. (3) Recommendations for medical monitoring and surveillance of workers exposed (or potentially exposed) to beryllium, based on the best current understanding of beryllium disease and medical diagnostic tests available. (4) Site-specific safety procedures for all processes of beryllium that is likely to

  15. Effect of large additions of Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn, to cement raw meal on the composition and the properties of the clinker and the cement

    SciTech Connect

    Murat, M.; Sorrentino, F.

    1996-03-01

    The utilization of hydraulic binders to solidify and to stabilize industrial wastes and municipal garbage is presently recognized as one of the solutions to the problem of environment protection. Te addition of important quantities of Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn to raw meals of Portland and calcium aluminate cement modifies the mineralogical composition and the properties of the final cement. Portland cement can absorb a large amount of Cd and Zn. This absorption leads to an increase of setting time and a decrease of strengths of the cement. It also can trap chromium with a short setting time and high strengths. Calcium aluminate cements easily trap Cd and Cr with a delayed setting and good strength but also Pb with normal setting time and strengths. Large quantities of zinc oxide have a deleterious effect on calcium aluminate strengths.

  16. Evaluation of geological formations of Eastern Europe countries for raw disposal and elaboration of joint R&D programmes

    SciTech Connect

    Khrushchov, D.P.; Nigmatullin, N.S.; Balla, Z.

    1995-12-01

    The development of national R&D programmes on RAW management in the countries of East Europe is inevitably due to the fact that some of them (Ukraine, Russia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania), have rather developed nuclear power industries, whereas some others are planning their development (Poland, Byelarus, Lithuania, etc.). The majority of East European countries have their own R&D programmes. The territories of these countries are situated within the limits of the East European geological platforms. As to RAW disposal these geological areas and consequently, the geological regions of East European countries are in very different condition. However, all the countries making use of nuclear power and other industries producing RAW, are facing a need to solve the problem of RAW disposal and to develop their own national programmes. Thus, the different geological environments for RAW disposal, which are extremely unfavorable in some countries, may be considered as a reason for joint R&D programmes initiation. The aim of these programmes is a detailed evaluation of geological formations and geological structure of East European countries as to RAW isolation in order to unite the efforts and to increase the efficiency of national R&D programmes as well as to ground subsequent joint actions related to RAW disposal.

  17. Good, Better, Best: Designing a Designation Program for Solar...

    Energy Saver

    Good, Better, Best: Designing a Designation Program for Solar Good, Better, Best: Designing a Designation Program for Solar December 4, 2012 - 4:00pm Addthis The Energy Department ...

  18. A Good Sign for the Building Energy Modeling Industry | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    SketchUp is a good sign for the BEM industry. Image credit: Sefaira. DOE. Trimble's recent acquisition of Sefaira and its pairing with SketchUp is a good sign for the BEM industry. ...

  19. Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) / Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) Review and Applicability for Chemical Security Enhancements

    SciTech Connect

    Iveson, Steven W.

    2014-11-01

    Global chemical security has been enhanced through the determined use and integration of both voluntary and legislated standards. Many popular standards contain components that specifically detail requirements for the security of materials, facilities and other vital assets. In this document we examine the roll of quality management standards and how they affect the security culture within the institutions that adopt these standards in order to conduct business within the international market place. Good manufacturing practices and good laboratory practices are two of a number of quality management systems that have been adopted as law in many nations. These standards are designed to protect the quality of drugs, medicines, foods and analytical test results in order to provide the world-wide consumer with safe and affective products for consumption. These standards provide no established security protocols and yet manage to increase the security of chemicals, materials, facilities and the supply chain via the effective and complete control over the manufacturing, the global supply chains and testing processes. We discuss the means through which these systems enhance security and how nations can further improve these systems with additional regulations that deal specifically with security in the realm of these management systems. We conclude with a discussion of new technologies that may cause disruption within the industries covered by these standards and how these issues might be addressed in order to maintain or increase the level of security within the industries and nations that have adopted these standards.

  20. Community Power Works: Good Jobs, Green Jobs Conference | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Works: Good Jobs, Green Jobs Conference Community Power Works: Good Jobs, Green Jobs Conference A presentation given by Community Power Works at the Good Jobs, Green Jobs Conference. Community Power Works (589.8 KB) More Documents & Publications Community Power Works Better Buildings Conference Spotlight on Seattle, Washington: Community Partnerships Work to Extend Program Reach Contractor Quality Assurance and Home Performance with Energy Star

  1. Getting It Right: Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Are Good Investments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy Getting It Right: Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Are Good Investments Getting It Right: Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Are Good Investments August 10, 2015 - 4:30pm Addthis Getting It Right: Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Are Good Investments Dr. Kathleen Hogan Dr. Kathleen Hogan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency A working paper released in June by academics with the E2e Project wrongly suggested that the federal Weatherization

  2. Getting It Right: Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Are Good...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Getting It Right: Weatherization and Energy Efficiency Are Good Investments Dr. Kathleen Hogan Dr. Kathleen Hogan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency A working paper ...

  3. Good Energy Group Plc previously Monkton Group Plc | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Plc previously Monkton Group Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Good Energy Group Plc (previously Monkton Group Plc) Place: Chippenham, Wiltshire, United Kingdom Zip: SN15 1EE...

  4. OLOI, Disciplined Operations - Good Practices Study in Organizational

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Change (OLOI 30-01, Rev. 0) | Department of Energy OLOI, Disciplined Operations - Good Practices Study in Organizational Change (OLOI 30-01, Rev. 0) OLOI, Disciplined Operations - Good Practices Study in Organizational Change (OLOI 30-01, Rev. 0) 10/18/2016 OLOI, Disciplined Operations - Good Practices Study in Organizational Change (OLOI 30-01, Rev. 0) One form of evaluation or analysis utilized by EA-30 is a study of an activity, event, or situation. The fundamental question of this study

  5. Application for a Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered Power Systems that are Non-Photovoltaic Systems Up to 150 kW (AC) in Capacity Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  6. Vectorization: What is it and what is it good for?

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Vectorization: What is it and what is it good for? Vectorization: What is it and what is it good for? May 1, 2014 by Richard Gerber Code vectorization will be important to performance on NERSC's Cori supercomputer when it arrives in 2016. You can start learning about vectorization now and experiment with the vector units on Edison. Read more about vectorization here. Subscribe via RSS Subscribe Browse by Date October 2016 September 2016 August 2016 June 2016 May 2016 April 2016 January 2016

  7. EERE Guidance on Manufactured Goods and Substantial Transformation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS EFFECTIVE DATE: MAY 24, 2010 SUBJECT: GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS SCOPE: This guidance applies to all state, local and tribal government recipients and sub-recipients (grantees and subgrantees) of Recovery Act financial assistance from the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). LEGAL AUTHORITY: Section 1605 of the

  8. Illustrious Visitors Good Hosts Real Celebrity | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Illustrious Visitors Good Hosts Real Celebrity Illustrious Visitors; Good Hosts! Real Celebrity. June 15, 2015 On a regular basis, the DOE Site Office asks us to update our list of illustrious visitors; often, there is nothing to say. Other times we are inundated. The past few months has seen a fine selection of events hosted by Jefferson Lab, and Jefferson Science Associates and its parent Southeastern Universities Research Association. This past week, Joachim Mnich, a member of the DESY

  9. Good Earths and Rare Earths | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Good Earths and Rare Earths Good Earths and Rare Earths April 20, 2011 - 6:17pm Addthis Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Communications Specialist (detailee) What does this mean for me? Rare earth elements -- dysprosium, neodymium, terbium, europium and yttrium -- are essential to a wide range of green energy technologies ranging from windmills to electric vehicles One of their primary uses is in permanent magnets, which amount to over a $4 billion global industry Ames Laboratory

  10. Health physics manual of good practices for tritium facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Blauvelt, R.K.; Deaton, M.R.; Gill, J.T.

    1991-12-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide written guidance defining the generally accepted good practices in use at Department of Energy (DOE) tritium facilities. A {open_quotes}good practice{close_quotes} is an action, policy, or procedure that enhances the radiation protection program at a DOE site. The information selected for inclusion in this document should help readers achieve an understanding of the key radiation protection issues at tritium facilities and provide guidance as to what characterizes excellence from a radiation protection point of view. The ALARA (As Low as Reasonable Achievable) program at DOE sites should be based, in part, on following the good practices that apply to their operations.

  11. Living well, doing good | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Living well, doing good Living well, doing good Posted: June 24, 2015 - 3:22pm Joe Marshall is one of Y-12's cancer survivors who took his victory lap at the Anderson County Relay for Life. What do relays, races and regattas have in common? They're all ways Y-12 employees stay active and support the community. After hours, Y-12ers are all about staying active and supporting their communities. Here's a roundup of the activities Relay for Life, May 16 For numerous years, Joe Kato and his

  12. Hanford Site Contractor Receives Overall 'Very Good' Rating for Tank

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Operations | Department of Energy Contractor Receives Overall 'Very Good' Rating for Tank Operations Hanford Site Contractor Receives Overall 'Very Good' Rating for Tank Operations January 27, 2016 - 12:45pm Addthis WRPS workers do preparatory work at the A/AX tank farms at Hanford in April 2015. They are the next tank farms from which waste will be retrieved at Hanford. WRPS recently received an 88 percent award fee for its performance in fiscal year 2015. WRPS workers do preparatory work

  13. Guide to good practices for developing learning objectives. DOE Handbook

    SciTech Connect

    1992-07-01

    This guide to good practices provides information and guidance on the types of and development of learning objectives in a systematic approach to training program. This document can serve as a reference during the development of new learning objectives or refinement of existing ones.

  14. Order Module--DOE-HDBK-1203-97, GUIDE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR TRAINING...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TEST ITEMS,DOE-HDBK-1205-97, GUIDE TO GOOD ... TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TEST ITEMS,DOE-HDBK-1205-97, GUIDE TO GOOD ...

  15. Accelerating Payment to Small Businesses for Goods and Services

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    With reference to Policy Flash 2012-02, Acquisition Guide Chapter 32.1 - Reviewing and Approving Contract Invoices, and OMB Memorandum M-11-32, "Accelerating Payment to Small Businesses for Goods and Services," established an Executive Branch policy to pay small business invoices as quickly as practicable, with a goal of paying within 15 days. Acquisition Guide Chapter 32.1 – Reviewing and Approving Contract Invoices implements this policy. See the attachment with the DOE response to OMB memorandum.

  16. Guide to good practices for operations aspects of unique processes

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-06-01

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operations Aspects of Facility Chemistry and Unique Process, Chapter 13 of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.`` The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing employee training and facility management programs. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19.

  17. Good Practices for Ocupational Radiological Protection in Plutonium Facilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Not Measurement Sensitive DOE- STD-1128-2013 April 2013 DOE STANDARD GOOD PRACTICES FOR OCCUPATIONAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION IN PLUTONIUM FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1128-2013 This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ ii DOE-STD-1128-2013 Foreword This Technical

  18. Marketing manufactured housing under the ''Super Good Cents'' Program

    SciTech Connect

    Mohler, B.L.; Smith, S.A.

    1986-01-01

    The objective of this study is to propose a strategy for including manufactured housing (MH) in Bonneville Power Administration's Super Good Cents (SGC) Program. This report presents information on the site-built SGC program, the characterization of MH consumers, the options for including MH in the SGC program, and the recommendations for including MHs in the SGC program. The purposed strategy for including MHs in the SGC program is designed to reduce risks to manufacturers and dealers, stimulate demand, and allow for maximum flexibility.

  19. Guide to good practices for operations aspects of unique processes

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operations Aspects of Facility Chemistry and Unique Processes, Chapter XIII of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing employee training and facility management programs. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Operations Aspects of Unique Processes is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for all personnel to coordinate interrelated activities affecting unique processes.

  20. Guide to good practices for on-the-job training

    SciTech Connect

    1998-04-01

    Training programs at DOE facilities should prepare personnel to safely and efficiently operate and maintain the facilities in accordance with DOE requirements. This guide presents good practices for a systematic approach to on-the-job training (OJT) and OJT programs and should be used in conjunction with DOE Training Program Handbook: A Systematic Approach to Training, and with the DOE Handbook entitled Alternative Systematic Approaches to Training to develop performance-based OJT programs. DOE contractors may also use this guide to modify existing OJT programs that do not meet the systematic approach to training (SAT) objectives.

  1. Good Samaritan Hospital`s energy efficiency improvements

    SciTech Connect

    Sterrett, R.; Dobberpuhl, W.; Gernet, B.; O`Brien, T.

    1995-06-01

    Arizona Public Service (APS) encourages its customers to use energy wisely by providing incentives to install energy efficient systems. APS provided an incentive to the Good Samaritan Hospital, located in Phoenix, Arizona, to install a Waste Heat Recovery Unit and an Economizer Cooling System to improve the performance of the hospital`s central plant. Waste heat recovered from the boilers stacks is used to preheat combustion air and boiler feed water. The Economizer Cooling System uses a plate and frame heat exchanger to cool the hospital with cold water produced by the cooling tower rather than an electrical chiller. To determine the effectiveness of these two systems APS initiated a project to monitor their performance. Alternative Energy Systems Consulting, Inc. (AESC) has installed instrumentation to monitor the performance of the above systems and will document their energy savings and effectiveness at reducing energy costs.

  2. Simulation of raw water and treatment parameters in support of the disinfection by-products regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Regli, S.; Cromwell, J.; Mosher, J.; Zhang, X.

    1992-06-10

    The U.S. EPA has undertaken an effort to model how the water supply industry may respond to possible rules and how those responses may affect human health risk. The model is referred to as the Disinfection By-Product Regulatory Analysis Model (DBPRAM), The paper is concerned primarily with presenting and discussing the methods, underlying data, assumptions, limitations and results for the first part of the model. This part of the model shows the creation of sets of simulated water supplies that are representative of the conditions currently encountered by public water supplies with respect to certain raw water quality and water treatment characteristics.

  3. Winter urban air particles from Rome (Italy): Effects on the monocytic-macrophagic RAW 264.7 cell line

    SciTech Connect

    Pozzi, Roberta . E-mail: pozzi@iss.it; De Berardis, Barbara; Paoletti, Luigi; Guastadisegni, Cecilia

    2005-11-15

    Epidemiological data show an association between exposure to elevated levels of particulate matter (PM), in particular the fine fraction (<2.5{mu}m in diameter), and an increase in cardiovascular mortality and respiratory symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro toxicity of coarse and fine particulate matter collected with a cascade impactor during winter in an urban area of Rome in relation to their physicochemical characterization (size distribution and chemical composition) as assessed by analytical electron microscopy (SEM/EDX). The X-ray microanalysis data of single particles of coarse and fine matter were analyzed by hierarchical cluster analysis to determine the principal component of the two granulometric fractions. The main chemical difference between the two fractions was the greater abundance of carbonaceous particles in the fine fraction. We compared the ability of coarse and fine fractions, carbon black (CB), and residual oil fly ash (ROFA) to induce arachidonic acid release and tumor necrosis factor-{alpha} (TNF-{alpha}) production in the monocytic-macrophagic RAW 264.7 cell line at concentrations of 30 and 120{mu}g/mL. Our results showed that CB and ROFA were consistently less effective than both fractions of urban particles at inducing an inflammatory reaction in RAW 264.7 cells. Both PM fractions dose-dependently increased TNF-{alpha} production in RAW 264.7 cells after 5 and 24h of incubation, and only the TNF-{alpha} production induced by coarse particles at 30{mu}g/mL decreased significantly (P<0.01) after 24h of treatment. In our in vitro model the winter fine fraction was more reactive than the winter coarse fraction, in contrast to a previously examined summer sample. In the summer sample, coarse particles produced higher levels of inflammatory mediators than fine particles and the CB was consistently less effective than the urban particles. The different behaviors between summer and winter urban fractions may be due to

  4. Project W-519 CDR supplement: Raw water and electrical services for privatization contractor, AP tank farm operations

    SciTech Connect

    Parazin, R.J.

    1998-07-31

    This supplement to the Project W-519 Conceptual Design will identify a means to provide RW and Electrical services to serve the needs of the TWRS Privatization Contractor (PC) at AP Tank Farm as directed by DOE-RL. The RW will serve the fire suppression and untreated process water requirements for the PC. The purpose of this CDR supplement is to identify Raw Water (RW) and Electrical service line routes to the TWRS Privatization Contractor (PC) feed delivery tanks, AP-106 and/or AP-108, and establish associated cost impacts to the Project W-519 baseline.

  5. A new copper borophosphate with novel polymeric chains and its structural correlation with raw materials in molten hydrated flux synthesis

    SciTech Connect

    Duan, Ruijing; Liu, Wei Cao, Lixin; Su, Ge; Xu, Hongmei; Zhao, Chenggong

    2014-02-15

    A novel copper borophosphate, Cu{sub 3}[B{sub 2}P{sub 3}O{sub 12}(OH){sub 3}] has been prepared by the molten hydrated flux method. Its crystal structure was determined by the single-crystal X-ray diffraction (monoclinic, Cc, a=6.1895 Å, b=13.6209 Å, c=11.9373 Å, β=97.62°, V=997.5 Å{sup 3}, Z=4). The three-dimensional framework of the titled compound, is composed by two kinds of polymeric chains and isolated PO{sub 4} tetrahedral. One novel 4-membered tetrahedral rings has been observed in borophosphates. Magnetic measurements indicate that the title compound exits antiferromagnetic interactions. Due to the special reaction medium created by the molten hydrated flux method, a possible structural correlation between the final solids and the raw materials has been noted. - Graphical abstract: The 3D structure consists of a framework composed of CuO{sub x} polyhedra, BO{sub 4} and PO{sub 4} tetrahedra. A intersection angle between the metal chains and borophosphate chains can be noted. Display Omitted - Highlights: • A novel copper borophosphate has been prepared by the molten hydrated flux method. • One novel 4-membered tetrahedral ring has been observed firstly in borophosphates. • A possible structural correlation between the final solids and the raw materials has been noted.

  6. Raw neutron scattering data for strain measurement of hydraulically loaded granite and marble samples in triaxial stress state

    SciTech Connect

    Polsky, Yarom

    2014-05-23

    This entry contains raw data files from experiments performed on the Vulcan beamline at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory using a pressure cell. Cylindrical granite and marble samples were subjected to confining pressures of either 0 psi or approximately 2500 psi and internal pressures of either 0 psi, 1500 psi or 2500 psi through a blind axial hole at the center of one end of the sample. The sample diameters were 1.5" and the sample lengths were 6". The blind hole was 0.25" in diameter and 3" deep. One set of experiments measured strains at points located circumferentially around the center of the sample with identical radii to determine if there was strain variability (this would not be expected for a homogeneous material based on the symmetry of loading). Another set of experiments measured load variation across the radius of the sample at a fixed axial and circumferential location. Raw neutron diffraction intensity files and experimental parameter descriptions are included.

  7. Raw neutron scattering data for strain measurement of hydraulically loaded granite and marble samples in triaxial stress state

    DOE Data Explorer

    Polsky, Yarom

    This entry contains raw data files from experiments performed on the Vulcan beamline at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory using a pressure cell. Cylindrical granite and marble samples were subjected to confining pressures of either 0 psi or approximately 2500 psi and internal pressures of either 0 psi, 1500 psi or 2500 psi through a blind axial hole at the center of one end of the sample. The sample diameters were 1.5" and the sample lengths were 6". The blind hole was 0.25" in diameter and 3" deep. One set of experiments measured strains at points located circumferentially around the center of the sample with identical radii to determine if there was strain variability (this would not be expected for a homogeneous material based on the symmetry of loading). Another set of experiments measured load variation across the radius of the sample at a fixed axial and circumferential location. Raw neutron diffraction intensity files and experimental parameter descriptions are included.

  8. Guide to good practices for the development of test items

    SciTech Connect

    1997-01-01

    While the methodology used in developing test items can vary significantly, to ensure quality examinations, test items should be developed systematically. Test design and development is discussed in the DOE Guide to Good Practices for Design, Development, and Implementation of Examinations. This guide is intended to be a supplement by providing more detailed guidance on the development of specific test items. This guide addresses the development of written examination test items primarily. However, many of the concepts also apply to oral examinations, both in the classroom and on the job. This guide is intended to be used as guidance for the classroom and laboratory instructor or curriculum developer responsible for the construction of individual test items. This document focuses on written test items, but includes information relative to open-reference (open book) examination test items, as well. These test items have been categorized as short-answer, multiple-choice, or essay. Each test item format is described, examples are provided, and a procedure for development is included. The appendices provide examples for writing test items, a test item development form, and examples of various test item formats.

  9. Is Diaphragm Motion a Good Surrogate for Liver Tumor Motion?

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Juan; Cai, Jing; Wang, Hongjun; Chang, Zheng; Czito, Brian G.; Bashir, Mustafa R.; Palta, Manisha; Yin, Fang-Fang

    2014-11-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between liver tumor motion and diaphragm motion. Methods and Materials: Fourteen patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (10 of 14) or liver metastases (4 of 14) undergoing radiation therapy were included in this study. All patients underwent single-slice cine–magnetic resonance imaging simulations across the center of the tumor in 3 orthogonal planes. Tumor and diaphragm motion trajectories in the superior–inferior (SI), anterior–posterior (AP), and medial–lateral (ML) directions were obtained using an in-house-developed normalized cross-correlation–based tracking technique. Agreement between the tumor and diaphragm motion was assessed by calculating phase difference percentage, intraclass correlation coefficient, and Bland-Altman analysis (Diff). The distance between the tumor and tracked diaphragm area was analyzed to understand its impact on the correlation between the 2 motions. Results: Of all patients, the mean (±standard deviation) phase difference percentage values were 7.1% ± 1.1%, 4.5% ± 0.5%, and 17.5% ± 4.5% in the SI, AP, and ML directions, respectively. The mean intraclass correlation coefficient values were 0.98 ± 0.02, 0.97 ± 0.02, and 0.08 ± 0.06 in the SI, AP, and ML directions, respectively. The mean Diff values were 2.8 ± 1.4 mm, 2.4 ± 1.1 mm, and 2.2 ± 0.5 mm in the SI, AP, and ML directions, respectively. Tumor and diaphragm motions had high concordance when the distance between the tumor and tracked diaphragm area was small. Conclusions: This study showed that liver tumor motion had good correlation with diaphragm motion in the SI and AP directions, indicating diaphragm motion in the SI and AP directions could potentially be used as a reliable surrogate for liver tumor motion.

  10. PySpline: A Modern, Cross-Platform Program for the Processing of Raw Averaged XAS Edge and EXAFS Data

    SciTech Connect

    Tenderholt, A.; Hedman, B.; Hodgson, K.O.

    2007-01-08

    PySpline is a modern computer program for processing raw averaged XAS and EXAFS data using an intuitive approach which allows the user to see the immediate effect of various processing parameters on the resulting k- and R-space data. The Python scripting language and Qt and Qwt widget libraries were chosen to meet the design requirement that it be cross-platform (i.e. versions for Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux). PySpline supports polynomial pre- and post-edge background subtraction, splining of the EXAFS region with a multi-segment polynomial spline, and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) of the resulting k{sup 3}-weighted EXAFS data.

  11. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsMiami2009TSDGeneralMerchLPL50percent.idf XML file http:apps1.eere.energy.gov...

  12. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load Baseline | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsMiami2009TSDGeneralMerchLPLbaseline.idf XML file http:apps1.eere.energy.gov...

  13. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsMiami2009TSDGeneralMerchLPLBaseline.idf XML file http:apps1.eere.energy.gov...

  14. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsMiami2009TSDGeneralMerchHPL50percent.idf XML file http:apps1.eere.energy.gov...

  15. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsChicago2009TSDGeneralMerchHPL50percent.idf XML file http:apps1.eere.energy.gov...

  16. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsChicago2009TSDGeneralMerchHPLBaseline.idf XML file http:apps1.eere.energy.gov...

  17. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load Baseline |...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsMiami2009TSDGeneralMerchHPLbaseline.idf XML file http:apps1.eere.energy.gov...

  18. Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) February 23, 2010 - 5:30am Addthis Drew Bittner...

  19. DOE-STD-1040-93 CN-1; Guide to Good Practices for Control of...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    GUIDE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR CONTROL OF ON-SHIFT TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy FSC ... Guide to Good Practices for Control of On-Shift Training PageSection Change pg. vii ...

  20. Metabolic Noise, Vestigial Metabolites or the Raw Material of Ecological Adaptation? Opportunitistic Enzymes, Catalytic Promiscuity and the Evolution of chemodiversity in Nature (2010 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema

    Noel, Joseph

    2016-07-12

    Joseph Noel from the Salk Institute on "Metabolic Noise, Vestigial Metabolites or the Raw Material of Ecological Adaptation? Enzymes, Catalytic Promiscuity and the Evolution of Chemodiversity in Nature" on March 26, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

  1. Graphene prepared by thermal reduction–exfoliation of graphite oxide: Effect of raw graphite particle size on the properties of graphite oxide and graphene

    SciTech Connect

    Dao, Trung Dung; Jeong, Han Mo

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Effect of raw graphite particle size on properties of GO and graphene is reported. • Size of raw graphite affects oxidation degree and chemical structure of GO. • Highly oxidized GO results in small-sized but well-exfoliated graphene. • GO properties affect reduction degree, structure, and conductivity of graphene. - Abstract: We report the effect of raw graphite size on the properties of graphite oxide and graphene prepared by thermal reduction–exfoliation of graphite oxide. Transmission electron microscope analysis shows that the lateral size of graphene becomes smaller when smaller size graphite is used. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms that graphite with smaller size is more effectively oxidized, resulting in a more effective subsequent exfoliation of the obtained graphite oxide toward graphene. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy demonstrates that reduction of the graphite oxide derived from smaller size graphite into graphene is more efficient. However, Raman analysis suggests that the average size of the in-plane sp{sup 2}-carbon domains on graphene is smaller when smaller size graphite is used. The enhanced reduction degree and the reduced size of sp{sup 2}-carbon domains contribute contradictively to the electrical conductivity of graphene when the particle size of raw graphite reduces.

  2. Preparation of delisting petition for SRS (Savannah River Site) raw materials waste sludge---Mixed F006 waste

    SciTech Connect

    Langton, C.A.

    1989-01-01

    Waste sludge from the raw materials manufacturing facility at the Savannah River Site contains both hazardous and low-level radioactive components. This waste, which contains electroplating sludge and depleted uranium, is classified as a mixed waste. The objective of the delisting petition is to demonstrate that this waste can be treated/solidified in a cement-based material and disposed of in concrete vaults so that drinking water standards will not be exceeded. Sampling and analytical data which support this petition will be presented. Results show that when the data are applied to the EPA Vertical and Horizontal Spread Model, health-based standards for all hazardous waste constituents will not be exceeded during worst case operating and environmental conditions. Disposal of stabilized sludge in concrete vaults will also meet the requirements of DOE Order 5820.2A and the March 9, 1988 DOE Record of Decision which outline criteria for low-level radioactive waste disposal at the Savannah River Site. 9 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. polyurethane foam Goods, S.H.; Neuschwanger, C.L.; Henderson...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Mechanical properties and energy absorption characteristics of a polyurethane foam Goods, S.H.; Neuschwanger, C.L.; Henderson, C.; Skala, D.M. 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; FOAMS;...

  4. DOE-STD-1064-94; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices For...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    DOE STANDARD GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR SEASONAL FACILITY PRESERVATION AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 AREA MNTY DISTRIBUTION ...

  5. DOE-STD-1067; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices for Maintenance...

    Energy Saver

    GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR MAINTENANCE FACILITIES, EQUIPMENT, AND TOOLS AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA MNTY Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION ...

  6. DOE-STD-1055-93; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices For...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE STANDARD GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT INVOLVEMENT AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA MNTY Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION ...

  7. DOE-STD-1051-93; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices For...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA MNTY Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION ...

  8. DOE-STD-1072-94; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DOE STANDARD GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR FACILITY CONDITION INSPECTIONS AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 AREA MNTY DISTRIBUTION ...

  9. DOE-STD-1071-94; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices for...

    Energy Saver

    GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR MATERIAL RECEIPT, INSPECTION, HANDLING, STORAGE, RETRIEVAL, AND ISSUANCE AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA MNTY Washington, ...

  10. DOE-STD-1033-92; Guide to Good Practices for Operations and Administra...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... REQUIRED READING 1. INTRODUCTION This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Required Reading, Chapter XIV of Department of ...

  11. Home Energy Assessments-- The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly! (301)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Home Energy Assessments -- The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly! (301), call slides and discussion summary.

  12. Estimation of breast percent density in raw and processed full field digital mammography images via adaptive fuzzy c-means clustering and support vector machine segmentation

    SciTech Connect

    Keller, Brad M.; Nathan, Diane L.; Wang Yan; Zheng Yuanjie; Gee, James C.; Conant, Emily F.; Kontos, Despina

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: The amount of fibroglandular tissue content in the breast as estimated mammographically, commonly referred to as breast percent density (PD%), is one of the most significant risk factors for developing breast cancer. Approaches to quantify breast density commonly focus on either semiautomated methods or visual assessment, both of which are highly subjective. Furthermore, most studies published to date investigating computer-aided assessment of breast PD% have been performed using digitized screen-film mammograms, while digital mammography is increasingly replacing screen-film mammography in breast cancer screening protocols. Digital mammography imaging generates two types of images for analysis, raw (i.e., 'FOR PROCESSING') and vendor postprocessed (i.e., 'FOR PRESENTATION'), of which postprocessed images are commonly used in clinical practice. Development of an algorithm which effectively estimates breast PD% in both raw and postprocessed digital mammography images would be beneficial in terms of direct clinical application and retrospective analysis. Methods: This work proposes a new algorithm for fully automated quantification of breast PD% based on adaptive multiclass fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering and support vector machine (SVM) classification, optimized for the imaging characteristics of both raw and processed digital mammography images as well as for individual patient and image characteristics. Our algorithm first delineates the breast region within the mammogram via an automated thresholding scheme to identify background air followed by a straight line Hough transform to extract the pectoral muscle region. The algorithm then applies adaptive FCM clustering based on an optimal number of clusters derived from image properties of the specific mammogram to subdivide the breast into regions of similar gray-level intensity. Finally, a SVM classifier is trained to identify which clusters within the breast tissue are likely fibroglandular, which are then

  13. Local boy makes good as scientist at JLab (St. Louis BizTalk) | Jefferson

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab Local boy makes good as scientist at JLab (St. Louis BizTalk) External Link: http://www.bizjournals.com/stlouis/blog/2012/02/local-boy-makes-good-as-scientis... By jlab_admin on Fri, 2012-02-1

  14. A Good Year for Solar in Phoenix Area | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A Good Year for Solar in Phoenix Area A Good Year for Solar in Phoenix Area October 8, 2010 - 3:33pm Addthis A Good Year for Solar in Phoenix Area Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Suntech opens solar panel manufacturing plant in Goodyear, Arizona Will create up to 150 jobs by 2013; production capacity of 30 MW annually 7th solar plant this year in Phoenix area because of new state tax incentive A ribbon cutting Friday at a new solar plant in Goodyear, Ariz.,

  15. DOE-STD-1065-94; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices For...

    Energy Saver

    DOE STANDARD GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR POSTMAINTENANCE TESTING AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA MNTY Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. ...

  16. DOE-STD-1069-94; Guideline to Good Practices for Maintenance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DOE STANDARD GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR MAINTENANCE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT CONTROL AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 AREA MNTY ...

  17. DOE-STD-1053-93; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices For...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    DOE STANDARD GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR CONTROL OF MAINTENANCE ACTIVITIES AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA MNTY Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION ...

  18. DOE-STD-1068-94; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices For...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE STANDARD GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR MAINTENANCE HISTORY AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA MNTY Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. ...

  19. DOE-STD-1054-93; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices for...

    Energy Saver

    GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR CONTROL AND CALIBRATION OF MEASURING AND TEST EQUIPMENT (M&TE) AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA MNTY Washington, D.C. 20585 ...

  20. Presidential Memorandum: Accelerating Payments to Small Businesses for Goods and Services

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On September 14, 2011, President Obama issued a Memorandum which implements a Quick Pay system, accelerating the payment to small business contractors who have provided goods or services to the...

  1. Improvement of granulation of raw material by using the high-agitating mixer at Kokura No. 3 sintering plant

    SciTech Connect

    Hadano, Yasuhiko; Murai, Tatsunori; Kawaguchi, Yosizumi; Komatsu, Shusaku; Sasakawa, Akira; Kawaguchi, Takazo; Matsumura, Masaru

    1995-12-01

    Recently, there have been experiments aimed at increasing the pulverized coal injection rate of a blast furnace. When increasing the pulverized coal injection rate, the gas permeability resistance in a blast furnace increases. One of the methods to decrease the gas permeability resistance in a blast furnace is to use an iron ore burden with high iron content and low slag volume. However, the problem of resource drain has already occurred in the hematite deposit in West Australia, which is the principal supplier of a good quality lumpy iron ore. As a result, pellet feed iron ore must be selected as its substitute. In this paper, the authors investigated a granulation technique for producing an iron ore sinter with high iron content and low slag volume. In addition, they developed the granulation technique of agitating materials and water at high speed. It was used in Kokura No. 3 Sinter Plant.

  2. Five Things That Make a Good Tribal Energy Project Great | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Five Things That Make a Good Tribal Energy Project Great Five Things That Make a Good Tribal Energy Project Great May 10, 2016 - 4:00pm Addthis Solar installation supervisors (blue shirts) from GRID worked with tribal volunteers (white shirts) to complete five residential solar PV system installations on the Bishop Paiute Reservation in March 2016. Photo from Gary Bacock, Bishop Paiute Tribe. Solar installation supervisors (blue shirts) from GRID worked with tribal volunteers (white

  3. Meeting the "Reasonable and Good Faith" Identification Standard in Section

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    106 Review (ACHP, 2011) | Department of Energy Meeting the "Reasonable and Good Faith" Identification Standard in Section 106 Review (ACHP, 2011) Meeting the "Reasonable and Good Faith" Identification Standard in Section 106 Review (ACHP, 2011) The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) regulations implementing Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (36 CFR Part 800) require federal agencies to identify historic properties within the Area of

  4. Enforcement Policy Statement: Treatment of Late-Arriving Goods Due to West

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Treatment of Late-Arriving Goods Due to West Coast Port Closure February 27, 2015 Closures at 29 West Coast marine ports in February 2015 due to a labor dispute have resulted in significant delays for certain goods entering the United States through those ports, including covered products and equipment subject to DOE energy or water conservation standards. Covered products and equipment subject to energy or water conservation standards must meet the standard(s) that are effective on the date

  5. Jefferson Lab's Good Performance Leads To Contract Extension with U.S.

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE | Jefferson Lab Good Performance Leads To Contract Extension with U.S. DOE Jefferson Lab's Good Performance Leads To Contract Extension with U.S. DOE WASHINGTON, DC, Feb. 5, 2009 - Jefferson Science Associates, LLC today announced that it has earned a three-year contract extension to operate and manage the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Virginia. JSA's contract with the U.S. Department of Energy will be modified after all necessary approvals are obtained.

  6. Good Practice Guide on Firewall Deployment for SCADA and Process Control

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Networks | Department of Energy Good Practice Guide on Firewall Deployment for SCADA and Process Control Networks Good Practice Guide on Firewall Deployment for SCADA and Process Control Networks In recent years, Supervisory Controls and Data Acquisition (SCADA), process control and industrial manufacturing systems have increasingly relied on commercial information technologies for both critical and non-critical communications. While beneficial in other areas, use of these common protocols

  7. Guide of Good Practices for Occupational Radiological Protection in Uranium Facilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    36-2009 July 2009 DOE STANDARD GUIDE OF GOOD PRACTICES FOR OCCUPATIONAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION IN URANIUM FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1136-2009 Guide of Good Practices for Occupational Radiological Protection in Uranium Facilities i This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at

  8. Green marketing, renewables, and free riders: increasing customer demand for a public good

    SciTech Connect

    Wiser, R.; Pickle, S.

    1997-09-01

    Retail electricity competition will allow customers to select their own power suppliers and some customers will make purchase decisions based, in part, on their concern for the environment. Green power marketing targets these customers under the assumption that they will pay a premium for ``green`` energy products such as renewable power generation. But renewable energy is not a traditional product because it supplies public goods; for example, a customer supporting renewable energy is unable to capture the environmental benefits that their investment provides to non-participating customers. As with all public goods, there is a risk that few customers will purchase ``green`` power and that many will instead ``free ride`` on others` participation. By free riding, an individual is able to enjoy the benefits of the public good while avoiding payment. This report reviews current green power marketing activities in the electric industry, introduces the extensive academic literature on public goods, free riders, and collective action problems, and explores in detail the implications of this literature for the green marketing of renewable energy. Specifically, the authors highlight the implications of the public goods literature for green power product design and marketing communications strategies. They emphasize four mechanisms that marketers can use to increase customer demand for renewable energy. Though the public goods literature can also contribute insights into the potential rationale for renewable energy policies, they leave most of these implications for future work (see Appendix A for a possible research agenda).

  9. Meeting the "Reasonable and Good Faith" Identification Standard in Section 106 Review (2011)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) regulations implementing Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (36 CFR Part 800) require federal agencies to identify historic properties within the Area of Potential Effects that may be affected by their undertakings. Section 800.4(b)(1) of these regulations states that federal agency officials shall make a "reasonable and good faith effort" to identify historic properties. This guidance explains how the ACHP determines whether a federal agency has made a reasonable and good faith effort to identify historic properties.

  10. A "Phil-good" story | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A "Phil-good" ... A "Phil-good" story Posted: June 27, 2013 - 3:24pm A pink dogwood tree was planted at the overlook across from the Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility to grow as UPF grows. OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - Recently, the Uranium Processing Facility team honored one of its own - Phil Schuetz - by raising money for The University of Tennessee Medical Center Cancer Institute's Campaign for Hope and having a pink dogwood planted on site. When Schuetz came to Y-12 in

  11. Cracking Molecular Structures with Bright Lights - and a Few Good Eggs |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Cracking Molecular Structures with Bright Lights - and a Few Good Eggs Cracking Molecular Structures with Bright Lights - and a Few Good Eggs June 22, 2012 - 11:04am Addthis This rendering shows a lysozyme structural model against its X-ray diffraction pattern from SLAC’s Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), a powerful X-ray laser facility. Researchers have achieved high-resolution images of these simple biomolecules using advanced crystallography at LCLS. | Photo by

  12. Webinar: Bioenergy -Is It Good for the Climate? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Webinar: Bioenergy -Is It Good for the Climate? Webinar: Bioenergy -Is It Good for the Climate? April 21, 2016 10:00AM to 11:00AM EDT Online As part of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Bioenergy Internal Webinar Series, the Energy Department's Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) invites you to join a webinar on Thursday, April 21, 2016, at 10 a.m. Eastern Time. During the webinar, participants will learn about the climate benefits on bioenergy, and how it can achieve a net carbon reduction

  13. Moab Project Contractor Scores 'Very Good' on Fiscal Year 2015 Performance

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    MOAB, Utah – Portage, Inc., the remedial action contractor for EM’s Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project, met the majority of its performance goals in fiscal year 2015, earning $1,255,640, or 84 percent, of a potential award fee amount of $1,494,810 and an overall weighted result of “very good.”

  14. Environmental and technical assessments of the potential utilization of sewage sludge ashes (SSAs) as secondary raw materials in construction

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Maozhe [Universit de Lyon, INSA LYON, Laboratoire de Gnie Civil et Ingnierie Environnementale (LGCIE), Btiment Sadi Carnot, 20 avenue A. Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Blanc, Denise, E-mail: denise.blanc-biscarat@insa-lyon.fr [Universit de Lyon, INSA LYON, Laboratoire de Gnie Civil et Ingnierie Environnementale (LGCIE), Btiment Sadi Carnot, 20 avenue A. Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Gautier, Mathieu; Mehu, Jacques; Gourdon, Rmy [Universit de Lyon, INSA LYON, Laboratoire de Gnie Civil et Ingnierie Environnementale (LGCIE), Btiment Sadi Carnot, 20 avenue A. Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France)

    2013-05-15

    compressive strengths as the blank samples. The most appropriate ratios were found to be 10% substitution of cement and 2% substitution of sand. The leaching tests conducted on the ashes in their powdery form revealed that amongst the potential contaminants analyzed only Mo and Se were leached at concentrations above the threshold limits considered. The leaching tests conducted on concrete monoliths showed however that none of the contaminants monitored, including Mo and Se, were leached above the limits. In addition, whether concrete recipe incorporated ashes or not, similar concentrations were measured for each potential contaminant in the leachates. This result indicated that mixing ash with cement and sand to produce mortar or concrete induced a stabilization of Mo and Se and thereby constituted in itself a good treatment of the ashes.

  15. Performance of a diesel engine operating on raw coal-diesel fuel and solvent refined coal-diesel fuel slurries. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Marshall, H.P.

    1980-03-01

    Performance tests using an 11 kW single cylinder diesel engine were made to determine the effects of three different micronized coal-fuel oil slurries being considered as alternative fuels. Slurries containing 20, 32, and 40%-wt micronized raw coal in No. 2 fuel oil were used. Results are presented indicating the changes in the concentrations of SO/sub X/ and NO/sub X/ in the exhaust, exhaust opacity, power and efficiency, and in wear rates relative to operation on fuel oil No. 2. The engine was operated for 10 h at full load and 1400 rpm on al fuels except the 40%-wt slurry. This test was discontinued because of extremely poor performance.

  16. Guide of good practices for occupational radiological protection in plutonium facilities

    SciTech Connect

    1998-06-01

    This Technical Standard (TS) does not contain any new requirements. Its purpose is to provide guides to good practice, update existing reference material, and discuss practical lessons learned relevant to the safe handling of plutonium. the technical rationale is given to allow US Department of Energy (DOE) health physicists to adapt the recommendations to similar situations throughout the DOE complex. Generally, DOE contractor health physicists will be responsible to implement radiation protection activities at DOE facilities and DOE health physicists will be responsible for oversight of those activities. This guidance is meant to be useful for both efforts. This TS replaces PNL-6534, Health Physics Manual of Good Practices for Plutonium Facilities, by providing more complete and current information and by emphasizing the situations that are typical of DOE`s current plutonium operations; safe storage, decontamination, and decommissioning (environmental restoration); and weapons disassembly.

  17. Research Highlight: Let the Good Times Flow - Joint Center for Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Storage Research October 1, 2015, News Articles Research Highlight: Let the Good Times Flow There are two electrodes in every battery. One electrode, called the cathode, connects to the positive end of the battery and is where the electric current leaves the battery. The other electrode, the anode, connects to the negative end of the battery and is where the electric current enters the battery. The flow of these electrons through an external circuit is what produces the electric current.

  18. Guide to good practices for training and qualification of instructors. DOE handbook

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    Purpose of this guide is to provide contractor training organizations with information that can be used to verify the adquacy and/or modify existing instructor training programs, or to develop new training programs. It contains good practices for the training and qualification of technical instructors and instructional technologists at DOE reactor and non-reactor nuclear facilities. It addresses the content of initial and continuing instructor training programs, evaluation of instructor training programs, and maintenance of instructor training records.

  19. Guide of Good Practices for Occupational Radiological Protection in Plutonium Facilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2 December 2006 DOE STANDARD GUIDE OF GOOD PRACTICES FOR OCCUPATIONAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION IN PLUTONIUM FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ii This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public

  20. Guide of Good Practices for Occupational Radiological Protection in Plutonium Facilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    28-2008 December 2008 DOE STANDARD GUIDE OF GOOD PRACTICES FOR OCCUPATIONAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION IN PLUTONIUM FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive DOE-STD-1128-2008 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1128-2008 iii Foreword This

  1. ULTRADEEP K{sub S} IMAGING IN THE GOODS-N

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, W.-H.; Ting, H.-C.; Cowie, Lennox L.; Barger, Amy J.; Keenan, Ryan C.

    2010-03-01

    We present an ultradeep K{sub S} -band image that covers 0.5 x 0.5 deg{sup 2} centered on the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-North (GOODS-N). The image reaches a 5{sigma} depth of K{sub S,AB}=24.45 in the GOODS-N region, which is as deep as the GOODS-N Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) 3.6 {mu}m image. We present a new method of constructing IRAC catalogs that uses the higher spatial resolution K{sub S} image and catalog as priors and iteratively subtracts fluxes from the IRAC images to estimate the IRAC fluxes. Our iterative method is different from the {chi}{sup 2} approach adopted by other groups. We verified our results using data taken in two different epochs of observations, as well as by comparing our colors with the colors of stars and with the colors derived from model spectral energy distributions of galaxies at various redshifts. We make available to the community our WIRCam K{sub S} -band image and catalog (94,951 objects in 0.25 deg{sup 2}), the Interactive Data Language pipeline used for reducing the WIRCam images, and our IRAC 3.6-8.0 {mu}m catalog (16,950 objects in 0.06 deg{sup 2} at 3.6 {mu}m). With this improved K{sub S} and IRAC catalog and a large spectroscopic sample from our previous work, we study the color-magnitude and color-color diagrams of galaxies. We compare the effectiveness of using K{sub S} and IRAC colors to select active galactic nuclei and galaxies at various redshifts. We also study a color selection of z = 0.65-1.2 galaxies using the K{sub S} , 3.6 {mu}m, and 4.5 {mu}m bands.

  2. ULTRADEEP IRAC IMAGING OVER THE HUDF AND GOODS-SOUTH: SURVEY DESIGN AND IMAGING DATA RELEASE

    SciTech Connect

    Labbé, I.; Bouwens, R. J.; Franx, M.; Stefanon, M.; Oesch, P. A.; Illingworth, G. D.; Holden, B.; Magee, D.; Carollo, C. M.; Trenti, M.; Smit, R.; González, V.; Stiavelli, M.

    2015-12-15

    The IRAC ultradeep field and IRAC Legacy over GOODS programs are two ultradeep imaging surveys at 3.6 and 4.5 μm with the Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC). The primary aim is to directly detect the infrared light of reionization epoch galaxies at z > 7 and to constrain their stellar populations. The observations cover the Hubble Ultra Deep Field (HUDF), including the two HUDF parallel fields, and the CANDELS/GOODS-South, and are combined with archival data from all previous deep programs into one ultradeep data set. The resulting imaging reaches unprecedented coverage in IRAC 3.6 and 4.5 μm ranging from >50 hr over 150 arcmin{sup 2}, >100 hr over 60 sq arcmin{sup 2}, to ∼200 hr over 5–10 arcmin{sup 2}. This paper presents the survey description, data reduction, and public release of reduced mosaics on the same astrometric system as the CANDELS/GOODS-South Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) data. To facilitate prior-based WFC3+IRAC photometry, we introduce a new method to create high signal-to-noise PSFs from the IRAC data and reconstruct the complex spatial variation due to survey geometry. The PSF maps are included in the release, as are registered maps of subsets of the data to enable reliability and variability studies. Simulations show that the noise in the ultradeep IRAC images decreases approximately as the square root of integration time over the range 20–200 hr, well below the classical confusion limit, reaching 1σ point-source sensitivities as faint as 15 nJy (28.5 AB) at 3.6 μm and 18 nJy (28.3 AB) at 4.5 μm. The value of such ultradeep IRAC data is illustrated by direct detections of z = 7–8 galaxies as faint as H{sub AB} = 28.

  3. Guide to good practices for control of on-shift training

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Control of On-Shift Training, Chapter 5 of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing on-shift training programs. ``Control of On-Shift Training`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessary for a coordinated on-shift training program to meet the continuous demand for skilled, well-trained personnel to promote safe and efficient operations.

  4. Nationwide Limited Waiver in the Public Interest for Donated Manufactured Goods

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    u ASSISTANT SEC CRETARY O OF ENERG GY FOR R ENERGY EFFICIENC CY AND RE ENEWABLE E ENERGY Y M MEMORAND DUM OF DE ECISION SUBJ JECT: Dete ermination of inapplica ability (natio onwide limi ited waiver in the publi ic interest) o of section 16 605 of the R Recovery Ac ct of 2009 (t the Buy Am merican provision) for do onated man nufactured g goods (prov vided at zer ro cost) utili ized in EER RE-funded p projects. Thi is waiver ex xpires May 1 1, 2012. Unde er the author ity of the Re ecovery Act,

  5. SU-D-210-05: The Accuracy of Raw and B-Mode Image Data for Ultrasound Speckle Tracking in Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    O’Shea, T; Bamber, J; Harris, E

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: For ultrasound speckle tracking there is some evidence that the envelope-detected signal (the main step in B-mode image formation) may be more accurate than raw ultrasound data for tracking larger inter-frame tissue motion. This study investigates the accuracy of raw radio-frequency (RF) versus non-logarithmic compressed envelope-detected (B-mode) data for ultrasound speckle tracking in the context of image-guided radiation therapy. Methods: Transperineal ultrasound RF data was acquired (with a 7.5 MHz linear transducer operating at a 12 Hz frame rate) from a speckle phantom moving with realistic intra-fraction prostate motion derived from a commercial tracking system. A normalised cross-correlation template matching algorithm was used to track speckle motion at the focus using (i) the RF signal and (ii) the B-mode signal. A range of imaging rates (0.5 to 12 Hz) were simulated by decimating the imaging sequences, therefore simulating larger to smaller inter-frame displacements. Motion estimation accuracy was quantified by comparison with known phantom motion. Results: The differences between RF and B-mode motion estimation accuracy (2D mean and 95% errors relative to ground truth displacements) were less than 0.01 mm for stable and persistent motion types and 0.2 mm for transient motion for imaging rates of 0.5 to 12 Hz. The mean correlation for all motion types and imaging rates was 0.851 and 0.845 for RF and B-mode data, respectively. Data type is expected to have most impact on axial (Superior-Inferior) motion estimation. Axial differences were <0.004 mm for stable and persistent motion and <0.3 mm for transient motion (axial mean errors were lowest for B-mode in all cases). Conclusions: Using the RF or B-mode signal for speckle motion estimation is comparable for translational prostate motion. B-mode image formation may involve other signal-processing steps which also influence motion estimation accuracy. A similar study for respiratory-induced motion

  6. Pressure dissolution and real sample matrix calibration for multielement analysis of raw agricultural crops by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry

    SciTech Connect

    Kuennen, R.W.; Woinik, K.A.; Fricke, F.L.; Caruso, J.A.

    1982-11-01

    A method utilizing a pressure dissolution technique to minimize sample pretreatment is described for multielement analysis of raw agricultural crops by inductively coupled argon plasma atomic emission spectrometry. The procedure employs a 30-min pressure dissolution of sample composite with 6 M HCI at 80/sup 8/C in 60-mL linear polyethylene bottles. A sample introduction system is also described which permits direct atomization of complex organic matrices. Combined with a real sample matrix callbration technique, this introduction system allows rapid and accurate multielement analysis of complex HCl sample matrix solutions. The procedure compares favorably to more time-consuming conventional wet ashing methods for the determination of major, minor, and trace elements occurring in lettuce, potatoes, peanuts, soybeans, spinach, sweet corn, and wheat. Recoveries for spiked samples, precision studies, and analyses of NBS reference materials demonstrate the reliability and accuracy of the procedure. Advantages and limitations of this technique relative to conventional wet ashing methods are discussed. 2 figures, 7 tables.

  7. Guide to good practices for notifications and investigation of abnormal events

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-06-01

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Notifications, Chapter VII, and Investigation of Abnormal Events, Chapter VI, of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.`` The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing programs for notifications and investigation of abnormal events. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. ``Notifications`` and ``Investigation of Abnormal Events`` are elements of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a coordinated notifications program and a consistent method for investigating abnormal events to promote safe and efficient operations.

  8. Guide to good practices for notifications and investigation of abnormal events

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Notifications, Chapter VII, and Investigation of Abnormal Events, Chapter VI, of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing programs for notifications and investigation of abnormal events. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Notifications and Investigation of Abnormal Events are elements of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a coordinated notifications program and a consistent method for investigating abnormal events to promote safe and efficient operations.

  9. DOE handbook: Guide to good practices for the selection, training, and qualification of shift supervisors

    SciTech Connect

    1999-04-01

    This Department of Energy (DOE) handbook is approved for use by all DOE Components and their contractors. The Handbook incorporates editorial changes to DOE-STD-1061-93, ``Guide to Good Practices for the Selection, Training, and Qualification of shift Supervisors,`` and supersedes DOE-STD-1061-93. Technical content of this Handbook has not changed from the original technical standard. Changes are primarily editorial improvements, redesignation of the standard to a Handbook, and format changes to conform with current Technical Standards Program procedures. This guide, used in conjunction with a facility-specific job analysis, provides a framework for the selection, training, qualification, and professional development of reactor facility and non-reactor nuclear facility shift supervisors. Training and qualification programs based on this guide should provide assurance that shift supervisors perform their jobs safely and competently.

  10. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Environmental Assessment for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve West Hackberry Facility Raw Water Intake Pipeline Replacement Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect

    N /A

    2004-08-31

    DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-1497, for the proposed replacement of the existing 107 centimeter (cm) [42 inch (in)] 6.87 kilometer (km) [4.27 mile (mi)] raw water intake pipeline (RWIPL). This action is necessary to allow for continued, optimum operations at the West Hackberry facility (main site/facility). The EA described the proposed action (including action alternatives) and three alternatives to the proposed action. The EA evaluated only the potential environmental consequences of the proposed action (one action alternative), and Alternative 3, which consisted of the No Build Action that is required by 10 CFR 1021.321(c). Based on the analysis in DOE/EA-1497, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting humans or the natural environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), 42 USC 4321 et seq. Therefore, an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required, and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). To further minimize impacts to environmental media, the DOE will also implement a Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) for this action. The MAP is included as Appendix F of this EA, which is appended to this FONSI. The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, authorizes the creation of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) to store crude oil to reduce the United States' vulnerability to energy supply disruptions. Crude oil is stored in geologic formations, or salt domes, located under these facilities. The purpose of this proposed project is to construct a new RWIPL at the main site to replace the existing RWIPL which services this facility.

  11. PNNL Strategic Goods Testbed: A Data Library for Illicit Nuclear Trafficking

    SciTech Connect

    Webster, Jennifer B.; Erikson, Luke E.; Toomey, Christopher M.; Lewis, Valerie A.

    2014-05-12

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has put significant effort into nonproliferation activities as an institution, both in terms of the classical nuclear material focused approach and in the examination of other strategic goods necessary to implement a nuclear program. To assist in these efforts, several projects in the Analysis in Motion (AIM) and Signature Discovery (SDI) Initiatives at PNNL are developing machine learning methodology for human-computer interaction in real time environments to assist analysts in this domain. All of these technical projects require access to data – whether it is in terms of detector data, shipping records, financial information, company relations, or other communications. The first question that mathematical and computational researchers come up with when asked to build analyst assist or automated tools is “What does the data look like? ” They become frustrated when basic questions like this can not be easily answered and this can have the effect of pushing researchers away from the nuclear trafficking domain, especially in strategic commodity and export control areas where data sets can not easily be generated through standard experimental techniques. For small projects that are building a proof of concept for their methodology, obtaining this data can be arduous and expensive. To relieve the burden of data collection from these projects and grow a lab-wide capability, the Strategic Goods Testbed Team has taken over data collection and placed subscriptions and access to flat data files in a centralized location so that all projects can benefit from these items. We have collected shipping data in the form of PIERS records, judicial information about export control cases, NAC data on the nuclear fuel industry, and financial data from Dun and Bradstreet and our data sets are continuing to expand. With a single access agreement, researchers in data-mining and other fields can utilize all of the records that have been

  12. WE-G-18C-06: Is Diaphragm Motion a Good Surrogate for Liver Tumor Motion?

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, J; Cai, J; Zheng, C; Czito, B; Palta, M; Yin, F; Wang, H; Bashir, M

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To investigate whether diaphragm motion is a good surrogate for liver tumor motion by comparing their motion trajectories obtained from cine-MRI. Methods: Fourteen patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (10/14) or liver metastases (4/14) undergoing radiation therapy were included in this study. All patients underwent single-slice 2D cine-MRI simulations across the center of the tumor in three orthogonal planes. Tumor and diaphragm motion trajectories in the superior-inferior (SI), anteriorposterior (AP), and medial-lateral (ML) directions were obtained using the normalized cross-correlation based tracking technique. Agreement between tumor and diaphragm motions was assessed by calculating the phase difference percentage (PDP), intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), Bland-Altman analysis (Diffs) and paired t-test. The distance (D) between tumor and tracked diaphragm area was analyzed to understand its impact on the correlation between tumor and diaphragm motions. Results: Of all patients, the means (±standard deviations) of PDP were 7.1 (±1.1)%, 4.5 (±0.5)% and 17.5 (±4.5)% in the SI, AP and ML directions, respectively. The means of ICC were 0.98 (±0.02), 0.97 (±0.02), and 0.08 (±0.06) in the SI, AP and ML directions, respectively. The Diffs were 2.8 (±1.4) mm, 2.4 (±1.1) mm, and 2.2 (±0.5) mm in the SI, AP and ML directions, respectively. The p-values derived from the paired t-test were < 0.02 in SI and AP directions, whereas were > 0.58 in ML direction primarily due to the small motion in ML direction. Tumor and diaphragmatic motion had high concordance when the distance between the tumor and tracked diaphragm areas was small. Conclusion: Preliminary results showed that liver tumor motion had good correlations with diaphragm motion in the SI and AP directions, indicating diaphragm motion in the SI and AP directions could potentially be a reliable surrogate for liver tumor motion. NIH (1R21CA165384-01A1), Golfers Against Cancer (GAC

  13. A Really Good Hammer: Quantification of Mass Transfer Using Perfluorocarbon Tracers (475th Brookhaven Lecture)

    SciTech Connect

    Watson, Tom

    2012-02-15

    Brookhaven Labs perfluorocarbon tracer (PFT) technology can be viewed as a hammer looking for nails. But, according to Tom Watson, leader of the Labs Tracer Technology Group in the Environmental Research and Technology Division (ERTD), Its a really good hammer! The colorless, odorless and safe gases have a number of research uses, from modeling how airborne contaminants might move through urban canyons to help first responders plan their response to potential terrorist attacks and accidents to locating leaks in underground gas pipes. Their extremely low background level detectable at one part per quadrillion allows their transport to be easily tracked. Lab researchers used PFTs during the 2005 Urban Dispersion Program field studies in New York City, gathering data to help improve models of how a gas or chemical release might move around Manhattans tall buildings and canyons. Closer to home, scientists also used PFTs to make ventilation measurements in Bldg. 400 on the Lab site to provide data to test air flow models used in determining the effects of passive and active air exchange on the levels of indoor and outdoor air pollution, and to determine the effects of an accidental or intentional release of hazardous substances in or around buildings.

  14. Guide to good practices for the design, development, and implementation of examinations

    SciTech Connect

    1997-06-01

    The purpose of this Guide to Good Practices is to provide direction to training personnel in the broad areas of design, development, and implementation of examinations. Nuclear facilities spend a significant amount of training resources testing trainees. Tests are used for employee selection, qualification, requalification, certification and recertification, and promotion. Ineffective testing procedures, or inappropriate interpretation of test results, can have significant effects on both human performance and facility operations. Test development requires unique skills, and as with any skill, training and experience are needed to develop the skills. Test development, test use, test result interpretation, and test refinement, like all other aspects of the systematic approach to training, should be part of an ongoing, systematic process. For some users this document will provide a review of ideas and principles with which they are already familiar; for others it will present new concepts. While not intended to provide in-depth coverage of test theory design and development, it should provide developers, instructors, and evaluators with a foundation on which to develop sound examinations.

  15. Guide to good practices for the selection, training, and qualification of shift technical advisors

    SciTech Connect

    1993-02-01

    The DOE Guide to Good Practices For the Selection, Training, and Qualification of Shift Technical Advisors can be used by any DOE nuclear facility that has implemented the shift technical advisor (STA) position. DOE Order 5480.20A, Personnel Selection, Qualification and Training Requirements for DOE Nuclear Facilities, states that only Category A reactors must have a shift technical advisor. However, many DOE nuclear facilities have implemented the shift technical advisor position to provide independent on-shift technical advice and counsel to the shift operating personnel to help determine cause and mitigation of facility accidents. Those DOE nuclear facilities that have implemented or are going to implement the shift technical advisor position will find this guide useful. This guide addresses areas that may be covered by other training programs. In these cases, it is unnecessary (and undesirable) to duplicate these areas in the STA training program as long as the specific skills and knowledge essential for STAs are addressed. The guide is based on the premise that the trainee has not completed any facility-specific training other than general employee training.

  16. DOE handbook: Guide to good practices for training and qualification of maintenance personnel

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    The purpose of this Handbook is to provide contractor training organizations with information that can be used to verify the adequacy of and/or modify existing maintenance training programs, or to develop new training programs. This guide, used in conjunction with facility-specific job analyses, provides a framework for training and qualification programs for maintenance personnel at DOE reactor and nonreactor nuclear facilities. Recommendations for qualification are made in four areas: education, experience, physical attributes, and training. The functional positions of maintenance mechanic, electrician, and instrumentation and control technician are covered by this guide. Sufficient common knowledge and skills were found to include the three disciplines in one guide to good practices. Contents include: qualifications; on-the-job training; trainee evaluation; continuing training; training effectiveness evaluation; and program records. Appendices are included which relate to: administrative training; industrial safety training; fundamentals training; tools and equipment training; facility systems and component knowledge training; facility systems and component skills training; and specialized skills training.

  17. The GISMO two-millimeter deep field in GOODS-N

    SciTech Connect

    Staguhn, Johannes G.; Kovács, Attila; Arendt, Richard G.; Benford, Dominic J.; Dwek, Eli; Fixsen, Dale J.; Jhabvala, Christine A.; Maher, Stephen F.; Miller, Timothy M.; Moseley, S. Harvey; Sharp, Elmer H.; Wollack, Edward J.; Decarli, Roberto; Walter, Fabian; Hilton, Gene C.; Irwin, Kent D.; Karim, Alexander; Leclercq, Samuel

    2014-07-20

    We present deep continuum observations using the GISMO camera at a wavelength of 2 mm centered on the Hubble Deep Field in the GOODS-N field. These are the first deep field observations ever obtained at this wavelength. The 1σ sensitivity in the innermost ∼4' of the 7' diameter map is ∼135 μJy beam{sup –1}, a factor of three higher in flux/beam sensitivity than the deepest available SCUBA 850 μm observations, and almost a factor of four higher in flux/beam sensitivity than the combined MAMBO/AzTEC 1.2 mm observations of this region. Our source extraction algorithm identifies 12 sources directly, and another 3 through correlation with known sources at 1.2 mm and 850 μm. Five of the directly detected GISMO sources have counterparts in the MAMBO/AzTEC catalog, and four of those also have SCUBA counterparts. HDF850.1, one of the first blank-field detected submillimeter galaxies, is now detected at 2 mm. The median redshift of all sources with counterparts of known redshifts is z-tilde =2.91±0.94. Statistically, the detections are most likely real for five of the seven 2 mm sources without shorter wavelength counterparts, while the probability for none of them being real is negligible.

  18. Properties of submillimeter galaxies in the CANDELS-S goods-south field

    SciTech Connect

    Wiklind, Tommy; Dahlen, Tomas; Ferguson, Henry C.; Grogin, Norman A.; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Dickinson, Mark E.; Guo, Yicheng; Barro, Guillermo; Fontana, Adriano; Castellano, Marco; Davé, Romeel; Yan, Haojing; Acquaviva, Viviana; Ashby, Matthew L. N.; Caputi, Karina I.; Dekel, Avishai; Donley, Jennifer L.; and others

    2014-04-20

    We derive physical properties of 10 submillimeter galaxies located in the CANDELS coverage of the GOODS-S field. The galaxies were first identified as submillimeter sources with the LABOCA bolometer and subsequently targeted for 870 μm continuum observation with ALMA. The high angular resolution of the ALMA imaging allows secure counterparts to be identified in the CANDELS multiband data set. The CANDELS data provide deep photometric data from UV through near-infrared wavelengths. Using synthetic spectral energy distributions, we derive photometric redshifts, stellar masses, extinction, ages, and the star formation history. The redshift range is z = 1.65-4.76, with two of the galaxies located at z > 4. Two submillimeter galaxy (SMG) counterparts have stellar masses 2-3 orders of magnitude lower than the rest. The remaining SMG counterparts have stellar masses around 1 × 10{sup 11} M {sub ☉}. The stellar population in the SMGs is typically older than the expected duration of the submillimeter phase, suggesting that the star formation history of SMGs is more complex than a single burst. Non-parametric morphology indices suggest that the SMG counterparts are among the most asymmetric systems compared with galaxies of the same stellar mass and redshift. The Hubble Space Telescope images show that three of the SMGs are associated with ongoing mergers. The remaining counterparts are isolated. Estimating the dust and molecular gas mass from the submillimeter fluxes, and comparing with our stellar masses shows that the gas mass fraction of SMGs is ∼28% and that the final stellar mass is likely to be ∼(1-2) × 10{sup 11} M {sub ☉}.

  19. CANDELS MULTI-WAVELENGTH CATALOGS: SOURCE DETECTION AND PHOTOMETRY IN THE GOODS-SOUTH FIELD

    SciTech Connect

    Guo Yicheng; Barro, Guillermo; Faber, Sandra M.; Koo, David C.; Giavalisco, Mauro; Willner, S. P.; Ashby, Matthew L. N.; Donley, Jennifer L.; Fontana, Adriano; Galametz, Audrey; Grazian, Andrea; Kocevski, Dale D.; McGrath, Elizabeth J.; Peth, Michael; Salvato, Mara; Wuyts, Stijn; and others

    2013-08-15

    We present a UV to mid-infrared multi-wavelength catalog in the CANDELS/GOODS-S field, combining the newly obtained CANDELS HST/WFC3 F105W, F125W, and F160W data with existing public data. The catalog is based on source detection in the WFC3 F160W band. The F160W mosaic includes the data from CANDELS deep and wide observations as well as previous ERS and HUDF09 programs. The mosaic reaches a 5{sigma} limiting depth (within an aperture of radius 0.''17) of 27.4, 28.2, and 29.7 AB for CANDELS wide, deep, and HUDF regions, respectively. The catalog contains 34,930 sources with the representative 50% completeness reaching 25.9, 26.6, and 28.1 AB in the F160W band for the three regions. In addition to WFC3 bands, the catalog also includes data from UV (U band from both CTIO/MOSAIC and VLT/VIMOS), optical (HST/ACS F435W, F606W, F775W, F814W, and F850LP), and infrared (HST/WFC3 F098M, VLT/ISAAC Ks, VLT/HAWK-I Ks, and Spitzer/IRAC 3.6, 4.5, 5.8, 8.0 {mu}m) observations. The catalog is validated via stellar colors, comparison with other published catalogs, zero-point offsets determined from the best-fit templates of the spectral energy distribution of spectroscopically observed objects, and the accuracy of photometric redshifts. The catalog is able to detect unreddened star-forming (passive) galaxies with stellar mass of 10{sup 10} M{sub Sun} at a 50% completeness level to z {approx} 3.4 (2.8), 4.6 (3.2), and 7.0 (4.2) in the three regions. As an example of application, the catalog is used to select both star-forming and passive galaxies at z {approx} 2-4 via the Balmer break. It is also used to study the color-magnitude diagram of galaxies at 0 < z < 4.

  20. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsMiami2009TSDGeneralMerchLPL50percent.idf XML file http:apps1.eere.energy.gov...

  1. Emissions of dioxins and furans from garbage-burning incinerators can be minimized by good combustion practices

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-10-01

    The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) have stated that emissions of dioxin and furan from garbage-burning incinerators can be minimized by good combustion practices. They have found that maintaining the heat of combustion above 815 degrees centigrade and reducing the carbon monoxide level to below 100 ppm will reduce the emissions of furan and dioxin. The combustion research that lead to these conclusions was sponsored by ASME and the New York energy authority

  2. Listing of United States companies that supply goods and services for geothermal explorers, developers and producers internationally

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-08-01

    This List is composed solely of US companies with major offices within the United States. All of the companies listed are involved in selling geothermally related goods and services internationally, or have the proven capability to do so. Each specific listing includes the company name, the name or title of the key contact person, address, telephone and if available a facsimile machine or telex number.

  3. GoodCents Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Our mission can be summed up in three words: IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY. Since 1977, ... AND BUY DOWNS * CFLs * HVAC system and water heater replacements * HVAC diagnostics and ...

  4. DOE-STD-1136-2004; Guide of Good Practices for Occupational Radiological Protection in Uranium Facilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DOE-STD-1136-2004 December 2004 DOE STANDARD GUIDE OF GOOD PRACTICES FOR OCCUPATIONAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION IN URANIUM FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U. S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4373, fax (301) 903-9823. Available to

  5. From Snowflake Science to the NanoSHIELD, DOE looking good in coveted R&D

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    100 Awards | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information From Snowflake Science to the NanoSHIELD, DOE looking good in coveted R&D 100 Awards Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2012 From Snowflake Science to the NanoSHIELD, DOE researchers have won 36 of the highly coveted 100 awards given out this year by R&D Magazine. The awards are given annually for the most outstanding technology developments with promising commercial potential. "Congratulations to

  6. Design of ternary alkaline-earth metal Sn(II) oxides with potential good p-type conductivity

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Du, Mao -Hua; Singh, David J.; Zhang, Lijun; Li, Yuwei; Xu, Qiaoling; Ma, Yanming; Zheng, Weitao

    2016-04-19

    Oxides with good p-type conductivity have been long sought after to achieve high performance all-oxide optoelectronic devices. Divalent Sn(II) based oxides are promising candidates because of their rather dispersive upper valence bands caused by the Sn-5s/O-2p anti-bonding hybridization. There are so far few known Sn(II) oxides being p-type conductive suitable for device applications. Here, we present via first-principles global optimization structure searches a material design study for a hitherto unexplored Sn(II)-based system, ternary alkaline-earth metal Sn(II) oxides in the stoichiometry of MSn2O3 (M = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba). We identify two stable compounds of SrSn2O3 and BaSn2O3, which can bemore » stabilized by Sn-rich conditions in phase stability diagrams. Their structures follow the Zintl behaviour and consist of basic structural motifs of SnO3 tetrahedra. Unexpectedly they show distinct electronic properties with band gaps ranging from 1.90 (BaSn2O3) to 3.15 (SrSn2O3) eV, and hole effective masses ranging from 0.87 (BaSn2O3) to above 6.0 (SrSn2O3) m0. Further exploration of metastable phases indicates a wide tunability of electronic properties controlled by the details of the bonding between the basic structural motifs. Lastly, this suggests further exploration of alkaline-earth metal Sn(II) oxides for potential applications requiring good p-type conductivity such as transparent conductors and photovoltaic absorbers.« less

  7. User interface in ORACLE for the Worldwide Household Goods Information System for Transportation Modernization (WHIST-MOD)

    SciTech Connect

    James, T. ); Loftis, J. )

    1990-07-01

    The Directorate of Personal Property of the Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC) requested that Oak Ridge National laboratory (ORNL) design a prototype decision support system, the Worldwide Household Goods Information System for Transportation Modernization (WHIST-MOD). This decision support system will automate current tasks and provide analysis tools for evaluating the Personal Property Program, predicting impacts to the program, and planning modifications to the program to meet the evolving needs of military service members and the transportation industry. The system designed by ORNL consists of three application modules: system dictionary applications, data acquisition and administration applications, and user applications. The development of the user applications module is divided into two phases. Round 1 is the data selection front-end interface, and Round 2 is the output or back-end interface. This report describes the prototyped front-end interface for the user application module. It discusses user requirements and the prototype design. The information contained in this report is the product of in-depth interviews with MTMC staff, prototype meetings with the users, and the research and design work conducted at ORNL. 18 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Steadily increasing star formation rates in galaxies observed at 3 ? z ? 5 in the CANDELS/GOODS-S field

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Seong-Kook; Ferguson, Henry C.; Dahlen, Tomas; Somerville, Rachel S.; Giavalisco, Mauro; Wiklind, Tommy

    2014-03-10

    We investigate the star formation histories (SFHs) of high redshift (3 ? z ? 5) star-forming galaxies selected based on their rest-frame ultraviolet (UV) colors in the CANDELS/GOODS-S field. By comparing the results from the spectral-energy-distribution-fitting analysis with two different assumptions about the SFHsi.e., exponentially declining SFHs as well as increasing ones, we conclude that the SFHs of high-redshift star-forming galaxies increase with time rather than exponentially decline. We also examine the correlations between the star formation rates (SFRs) and the stellar masses. When the galaxies are fit with rising SFRs, we find that the trend seen in the data qualitatively matches the expectations from a semi-analytic model of galaxy formation. The mean specific SFR is shown to increase with redshift, also in agreement with the theoretical prediction. From the derived tight correlation between stellar masses and SFRs, we derive the mean SFH of star-forming galaxies in the redshift range of 3 ? z ? 5, which shows a steep power-law (with power ? = 5.85) increase with time. We also investigate the formation timescales and mean stellar population ages of these star-forming galaxies. Our analysis reveals that UV-selected star-forming galaxies have a broad range of the formation redshift. The derived stellar masses and the stellar population ages show positive correlation in a sense that more massive galaxies are on average older, but with significant scatter. This large scatter implies that the galaxies' mass is not the only factor which affects the growth or star formation of high-redshift galaxies.

  9. GOODS-HERSCHEL: SEPARATING HIGH-REDSHIFT ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI AND STAR-FORMING GALAXIES USING INFRARED COLOR DIAGNOSTICS

    SciTech Connect

    Kirkpatrick, Allison; Pope, Alexandra; Charmandaris, Vassilis; Daddi, Emmanuele; Elbaz, David; Pannella, Maurilio; Aussel, Herve; Dasyra, Kalliopi; Leiton, Roger; Scott, Douglas; Magnelli, Benjamin; Popesso, Paola; Altieri, Bruno; Coia, Daniela; Valtchanov, Ivan; Dannerbauer, Helmut; Dickinson, Mark; Kartaltepe, Jeyhan; Magdis, Georgios

    2013-02-15

    We have compiled a large sample of 151 high-redshift (z = 0.5-4) galaxies selected at 24 {mu}m (S {sub 24} > 100 {mu}Jy) in the GOODS-N and ECDFS fields for which we have deep Spitzer IRS spectroscopy, allowing us to decompose the mid-infrared spectrum into contributions from star formation and activity in the galactic nuclei. In addition, we have a wealth of photometric data from Spitzer IRAC/MIPS and Herschel PACS/SPIRE. We explore how effective different infrared color combinations are at separating our mid-IR spectroscopically determined active galactic nuclei from our star-forming galaxies. We look in depth at existing IRAC color diagnostics, and we explore new color-color diagnostics combining mid-IR, far-IR, and near-IR photometry, since these combinations provide the most detail about the shape of a source's IR spectrum. An added benefit of using a color that combines far-IR and mid-IR photometry is that it is indicative of the power source driving the IR luminosity. For our data set, the optimal color selections are S {sub 250}/S {sub 24} versus S {sub 8}/S {sub 3.6} and S {sub 100}/S {sub 24} versus S {sub 8}/S {sub 3.6}; both diagnostics have {approx}10% contamination rate in the regions occupied primarily by star-forming galaxies and active galactic nuclei, respectively. Based on the low contamination rate, these two new IR color-color diagnostics are ideal for estimating both the mid-IR power source of a galaxy when spectroscopy is unavailable and the dominant power source contributing to the IR luminosity. In the absence of far-IR data, we present color diagnostics using the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer mid-IR bands which can efficiently select out high-z (z {approx} 2) star-forming galaxies.

  10. Porotomo Subtask 3.7 Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Thomas Coleman

    Unprocessed active distributed temperature sensing (DTS) data from 3 boreholes in the Guelph, ON Canada region. Data from borehole 1 was collected during a fluid injection while data from boreholes 2 and 3 were collected under natural gradient conditions in a lined borehole.

  11. Porotomo Subtask 3.7 Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Thomas Coleman

    2013-07-31

    Unprocessed active distributed temperature sensing (DTS) data from 3 boreholes in the Guelph, ON Canada region. Data from borehole 1 was collected during a fluid injection while data from boreholes 2 and 3 were collected under natural gradient conditions in a lined borehole.

  12. Porotomo Subtask 3.4 Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Tabrez Ali

    2015-03-31

    List of TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X images acquired between 2015-01-01 and 2015-03-31, and archived at https://winsar.unavco.org

  13. Microwave Radiometer - CU Microwave Radiometer - Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Bianco, Laura

    2016-10-25

    Monitor real-time profiles of temperature (K), water vapor (gm-3), relative humidity (%) and liquid water (gm-3) up to 10km.

  14. Microwave Radiometer - NOAA Microwave Radiometer - Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Bianco, Laura

    2016-10-25

    Monitor real-time profiles of temperature (K), water vapor (gm-3), relative humidity (%) and liquid water (gm-3) up to 10km.

  15. Ukraine: Stuck with the goods

    SciTech Connect

    Kiselyov, S.

    1993-03-01

    Ukraine is a position similar to that of a powerful international terrorist organization (think of the ones in contemporary American action' movies) that has stolen a nuclear weapon and does not know what to do with it. Blackmail does not work. Nobody wants to buy its 1200 Soviet warheads. But is seems a pity just to throw it out. How did Ukraine get in such a difficult position, and what is to be done

  16. Good prospects overcome domestic politics

    SciTech Connect

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the South American gas and oil industries. Opening ever wider to private investment, the continent is attracting a flood of foreign and local firms, pushing drilling and production rates still higher. This is despite a rash of political problems in many countries, including guerrillas, environmentalists, crooked officials and border disputes. Separate evaluations are given for Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Chile, and briefly for Falkland Islands, Paraguay, Suriname, and Barbados.

  17. Sandia National Laboratories: Good company

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Micron Optics is working on integration of fiber optic systems in commercial wind turbines. Columbia Power Technologies is developing a proprietary system that converts ocean waves ...

  18. Prospects for Utah look good

    SciTech Connect

    Buchsbaum, L.

    2006-01-15

    Utah enjoys its first boom in over a generation. Recently Arch Coal, Andalex, CONSOl Energy and PacifiCorp ramped up their coal mining operations or re-opened closed facilities. Arch Coal's Skyline mine was able to mine over 200,0000 tons of coal throughout 2005 and its SUFCO mine produced 7.5 mt of coal during 2005. The article based largely on the recent 'Annual review and forecast of Utah coal', reports on developments in the state whose coal production could break records in 2006. 1 ref., 4 photos.

  19. In Search of Good Ideas!

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Join us in the fight to eliminate building energy waste. BTO, five national laboratories, and a dozen industry partners are working to solve some pretty big challenges in building technology and we...

  20. Residential Energy-Efficiency Equipment Shown to be a Good Investment for U.S. Navy (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC NREL/FS-6A00-61218 * April 2014 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway, Golden, CO 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Printed with a renewable-source ink on paper containing at least 50% wastepaper, including 10% post consumer waste. Residential Energy-Efficiency Equipment Shown to be a Good Investment for U.S. Navy A two-year project between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the U.S. Navy's Naval

  1. A REST-FRAME OPTICAL VIEW ON z {approx} 4 GALAXIES. I. COLOR AND AGE DISTRIBUTIONS FROM DEEP IRAC PHOTOMETRY OF THE IUDF10 AND GOODS SURVEYS

    SciTech Connect

    Oesch, P. A.; Illingworth, G. D.; Gonzalez, V.; Holden, B. P.; Magee, D.; Trenti, M.; Van Dokkum, P. G.

    2013-08-01

    We present a study of rest-frame UV-to-optical color distributions for z {approx} 4 galaxies based on the combination of deep HST/ACS+WFC3/IR data with Spitzer/IRAC imaging. In particular, we use new, ultra-deep data from the IRAC Ultradeep Field program (IUDF10), together with previous, public IRAC data over the GOODS fields. Our sample contains a total of {approx}2600 galaxies selected as B-dropout Lyman-break Galaxies in the HUDF and its deep parallel field HUDF09-2, as well as GOODS-North/South. This sample is used to investigate the UV continuum slopes {beta} and Balmer break colors (J{sub 125} - [4.5]) as a function of rest-frame optical luminosity (using [4.5] to avoid optical emission lines). We find that galaxies at M{sub z} < -21.5 (roughly corresponding to L{sup *}{sub z{approx}4}) are significantly redder than their lower luminosity counterparts. The UV continuum slopes and the J{sub 125} - [4.5] colors are well correlated, indicating that the dust reddening at these redshifts is better described by an SMC-like extinction curve, rather than the typically assumed Calzetti reddening. After dust correction, we find that the galaxy population shows mean stellar population ages in the range 10{sup 8.5} to 10{sup 9} yr, with a dispersion of {approx}0.5 dex, and only weak trends as a function of luminosity. Only a small fraction of galaxies shows Balmer break colors consistent with extremely young ages, younger than 100 Myr. Under the assumption of smooth star-formation histories, this fraction is 12%-19% for galaxies at M{sub z} < -19.75. Our results are consistent with a gradual build-up of stars and dust in galaxies at z > 4 with only a small fraction of stars being formed in short, intense bursts of star-formation.

  2. A technical description of enhancements to the front-end user interface for the Worldwide Household Goods Information System for Transportation Modernization (WHIST-MOD)

    SciTech Connect

    Loftis, J.P.; Spears, P.M. ); James, T.L. )

    1990-08-01

    The Directorate of Personal Property of the Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC) asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to design a decision support system, the Worldwide Household Goods Information System for Transportation Modernization. This decision support system will automate tasks and provide analysis tools for evaluating the Personal Property Program, predicting impacts to the program, and planning modifications to the program to meet the evolving needs of military service members and the transportation industry. The system designed by ORNL consists of three application modules: system dictionary applications, data acquisition and administration applications, and user applications. The user applications module is divided into two phases: the data selection front-end interface and the postprocessing back-end interface. This paper describes the prototyped front-end interface using ORACLE SQL*Forms, part of the ORACLE Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) toolset. The focus of this paper is a discussion of the need for enhancements to the initial design of the interface and the coding techniques used to prototype the enhancements. These enhancements make the front-end interface more flexible and easier to use by giving users options for identifying data to be used by the back-end interface. This report is based on in-depth interviews of MTMC staff, prototype meetings with the users, and the research and design work conducted at ORNL.

  3. A chi-square goodness-of-fit test for non-identically distributed random variables: with application to empirical Bayes

    SciTech Connect

    Conover, W.J.; Cox, D.D.; Martz, H.F.

    1997-12-01

    When using parametric empirical Bayes estimation methods for estimating the binomial or Poisson parameter, the validity of the assumed beta or gamma conjugate prior distribution is an important diagnostic consideration. Chi-square goodness-of-fit tests of the beta or gamma prior hypothesis are developed for use when the binomial sample sizes or Poisson exposure times vary. Nine examples illustrate the application of the methods, using real data from such diverse applications as the loss of feedwater flow rates in nuclear power plants, the probability of failure to run on demand and the failure rates of the high pressure coolant injection systems at US commercial boiling water reactors, the probability of failure to run on demand of emergency diesel generators in US commercial nuclear power plants, the rate of failure of aircraft air conditioners, baseball batting averages, the probability of testing positive for toxoplasmosis, and the probability of tumors in rats. The tests are easily applied in practice by means of corresponding Mathematica{reg_sign} computer programs which are provided.

  4. Toxicity assessments of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in isolated mitochondria, rat hepatocytes, and zebrafish show good concordance across chemical classes

    SciTech Connect

    Nadanaciva, Sashi; Aleo, Michael D.; Strock, Christopher J.; Stedman, Donald B.; Wang, Huijun; Will, Yvonne

    2013-10-15

    To reduce costly late-stage compound attrition, there has been an increased focus on assessing compounds in in vitro assays that predict attributes of human safety liabilities, before preclinical in vivo studies are done. Relevant questions when choosing a panel of assays for predicting toxicity are (a) whether there is general concordance in the data among the assays, and (b) whether, in a retrospective analysis, the rank order of toxicity of compounds in the assays correlates with the known safety profile of the drugs in humans. The aim of our study was to answer these questions using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as a test set since NSAIDs are generally associated with gastrointestinal injury, hepatotoxicity, and/or cardiovascular risk, with mitochondrial impairment and endoplasmic reticulum stress being possible contributing factors. Eleven NSAIDs, flufenamic acid, tolfenamic acid, mefenamic acid, diclofenac, meloxicam, sudoxicam, piroxicam, diflunisal, acetylsalicylic acid, nimesulide, and sulindac (and its two metabolites, sulindac sulfide and sulindac sulfone), were tested for their effects on (a) the respiration of rat liver mitochondria, (b) a panel of mechanistic endpoints in rat hepatocytes, and (c) the viability and organ morphology of zebrafish. We show good concordance for distinguishing among/between NSAID chemical classes in the observations among the three approaches. Furthermore, the assays were complementary and able to correctly identify “toxic” and “non-toxic” drugs in accordance with their human safety profile, with emphasis on hepatic and gastrointestinal safety. We recommend implementing our multi-assay approach in the drug discovery process to reduce compound attrition. - Highlights: • NSAIDS cause liver and GI toxicity. • Mitochondrial uncoupling contributes to NSAID liver toxicity. • ER stress is a mechanism that contributes to liver toxicity. • Zebrafish and cell based assays are complimentary.

  5. CORROSIVITY AND COMPOSITION OF RAW AND TREATED PYROLYSIS OILS

    SciTech Connect

    Keiser, Jim; Howell, Michael; Connatser, Raynella M.; Lewis, Sam; Elliott, Douglas C.

    2012-10-14

    Fast pyrolysis offers a relatively low cost method of processing biomass to produce a liquid product that has the potential for conversion to several types of liquid fuels. The liquid product of fast pyrolysis, known as pyrolysis oil or bio-oil, contains a high oxygen content primarily in the form of water, carboxylic acids, phenols, ketones and aldehydes. These oils are typically very acidic with a Total Acid Number that is often in the range of 50 to 100, and previous studies have shown this material to be quite corrosive to common structural materials. Removal of at least some of the oxygen and conversion of this oil to a more useful product that is considerably less corrosive can be accomplished through a hydrogenation process. The product of such a treatment is considered to have the potential for blending with crude oil for processing in petroleum refineries. Corrosion studies and chemical analyses have been conducted using as produced bio-oil samples as well as samples that have been subjected to different levels of oxygen removal. Chemical analyses show treatment affected the concentrations of carboxylic acids contained in the oil, and corrosion studies showed a positive benefit of the oxygen removal. Results of these studies will be presented in this paper.

  6. Surface Meteorological Station - PNNL Short Tower, Grass Valley - Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Morris, Victor

    2016-09-20

    In support of Wind Forecasting Improvement Project, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) deployed surface meteorological stations in Oregon state.

  7. Raw material preparation for ultra high production rate sintering

    SciTech Connect

    Kortmann, H.A.; Ritz, V.J.; Cappel, F.; Weisel, H.; Richter, G.

    1995-12-01

    An R and D program in pot grate sintering showed, that an intensive preparation of ores, additives and coke breeze improves the sintering capacity. The tests were conducted using an ore mixture composed of typical ores imported to Europe. The highest capacities were attained up to 63.8 t/m{sup 2} {times} 24 h maximum for a sinter which well fulfills the high requirements on chemical, physical and metallurgical properties.

  8. Method to produce succinic acid from raw hydrolysates

    DOEpatents

    Donnelly, Mark I.; Sanville-Millard, Cynthia Y.; Nghiem, Nhuan Phu

    2004-06-01

    A method for producing succinic acid from industrial-grade hydrolysates is provided, comprising supplying an organism that contains mutations for the genes ptsG, pflB, and ldhA, allowing said organism to accumulate biomass, and allowing said organism to metabolize the hydrolysate. Also provided is a bacteria mutant characterized in that it produces succinic acid from substrate contained in industrial-grade hydrolysate in a ratio of between 0.6:1 and 1.3:1 succinic acid to substrate.

  9. Microwave Radiometer - UND Radiometrics MWR, John Day - Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Bianco, Laura

    2016-10-25

    Monitor real-time profiles of temperature (K), water vapor (gm-3), relative humidity (%) and liquid water (gm-3) up to 10km.

  10. Microwave Radiometer - CU Radiometrics MWR, Condon - Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Bianco, Laura

    2016-10-25

    Monitor real-time profiles of temperature (K), water vapor (gm-3), relative humidity (%) and liquid water (gm-3) up to 10km.

  11. Surface Meteorological Station - BAO West of Tower, Surface - Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Noone, David

    2016-10-25

    Proving basic surface meteorology, soil hydrology and temperature, and fluxes of energy (radiation and turbulent fluxes) and water (precipitation, evaporation, and soil moisture).

  12. Microwave Radiometer - ESRL Radiometrics MWR, Troutdale - Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Bianco, Laura

    2016-10-25

    Monitor real-time profiles of temperature (K), water vapor (gm-3), relative humidity (%) and liquid water (gm-3) up to 10km.

  13. Microwave Radiometer - ESRL Radiometrics MWR, Wasco Airport - Raw Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    Bianco, Laura

    2016-10-25

    Monitor real-time profiles of temperature (K), water vapor (gm-3), relative humidity (%) and liquid water (gm-3) up to 10km.

  14. Double layer capacitor prospects look good

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-01

    The Fourth International Seminar in Double Layer Capacitors and similar energy devices has been sponsored again by Dr. S.P. Wolsky and Dr. Nikola Marincic. The seminar was held in December 1994, at Deerfield Beach, FL. This report provides a brief description of information on supercapacitors.

  15. Good Energies (Switzerland) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Grafenauweg 4 Place: Zug, Switzerland Zip: CH-6301 Product: Global investor in renewable energy and energy efficiency industries Year Founded: 2001 Phone Number: +41 41 560...

  16. Conservation is good, preservation is better

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and to its employees. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email Earth Day Every Day, Los Alamos National Laboratory 3:26 See how LANL workers treat every...

  17. A Good Sign for the BEM Industry

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    If you are a BEM professional, know a BEM professional, or even follow one on LinkedIn or Twitter, youve probably heard the news. Trimble Navigation has acquired Sefaira, adding it to a line of design products that includes previous acquisition SketchUp.

  18. Amine inhibiting; how good is it

    SciTech Connect

    Sample, J.L.

    1985-05-01

    The Amine Guard ST corrosion inhibition system eliminates corrosion as a design and operating constraint, saving capital and operating costs and increasing acid gas removal capacity. The system involves two corrosion inhibitors that are initially added to the ciculating solution on parts per million to passivate the unit. Once inhibited, unit amine concentration can be increased to 30wt% MEA or 55wt%. DEA, along with higher acid gas loadings, without incurring corrosion. Continuous reclaiming is eliminated with MEA since absence of corrosion removes the need. Two limitations apply to Amine Guard ST inhibitors; hydrogen sulfide to carbon dioxide ratio in sour gas or liquid must be at least one part in 200, and the system must be free of aluminum, zinc and copper, including such alloys as ''Monel'', cupro-nickel and brass which destroy the inhibitor and are destroyed by it.

  19. A tool for maintaining good combustion

    SciTech Connect

    Lang, B.

    1996-05-01

    There is a long list of {open_quotes}tools{close_quotes} used by waste-to-energy control room operators to keep the plant operating in accord with regulations. In many plants, the list includes a camera to view inside the furnace. And now, more plants are finding cameras can be useful in several locations within the furnace environment.

  20. Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

  1. Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

  2. Certification of computer professionals: A good idea?

    SciTech Connect

    Boggess, G.

    1994-12-31

    In the early stages of computing there was little understanding or attention paid to the ethical responsibilities of professionals. Compainies routinely put secretaries and music majors through 30 hours of video training and turned them loose on data processing projects. As the nature of the computing task changed, these same practices were followed and the trainees were set loose on life-critical software development projects. The enormous risks of using programmers with limited training has been by the GAO report on the BSY-2 program.

  3. System and method for authentication of goods

    DOEpatents

    Kaish, Norman; Fraser, Jay; Durst, David I.

    1999-01-01

    An authentication system comprising a medium having a plurality of elements, the elements being distinctive, detectable and disposed in an irregular pattern or having an intrinsic irregularity. Each element is characterized by a determinable attribute distinct from a two-dimensional coordinate representation of simple optical absorption or simple optical reflection intensity. An attribute and position of the plurality of elements, with respect to a positional reference is detected. A processor generates an encrypted message including at least a portion of the attribute and position of the plurality of elements. The encrypted message is recorded in physical association with the medium. The elements are preferably dichroic fibers, and the attribute is preferably a polarization or dichroic axis, which may vary over the length of a fiber. An authentication of the medium based on the encrypted message may be authenticated with a statistical tolerance, based on a vector mapping of the elements of the medium, without requiring a complete image of the medium and elements to be recorded.

  4. Gaiam Real Goods | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    833 W So. Boulder Rd Place: Boulder, Colorado Zip: 80307 Region: Rockies Area Sector: Solar Product: PV panel, efficient lighting distributor Website: www.gaiam.comrealgoods...

  5. A Good Neighbor: Community Involvement | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of 470,000 for the 2013-14 Charitable Giving Campaign. Photo of deer walking through solar panel field at south table mountain NREL campus on the mesa. Environmental...

  6. Psychologically Healthy Workplace Practices = Good Business

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Creating a psychologically healthy workplace is not just the right thing to do for employees; it’s also the smart thing to do for an organization’s financial well being and productivity. A small investment in psychologically healthy work practices can pay big dividends in years to come.

  7. Solar Power. Policy Overview and Good Practices

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, Sadie; Walters, Terri; Esterly, Sean; Booth, Sarah

    2015-05-01

    As global electricity demand increases, governments are designing and implementing policies to scale up and catalyze renewable energy, which now meets 22% of global electricity demand (REN21 2014). Solar technologies are a critical component of this expanded deployment, and they have experienced unprecedented growth in recent years. As presented in Figure 1, solar prices have decreased significantly over the last decade (REN21 2014) and in 2013, new capacity installation of solar electricity from photovoltaics (PV) 1 surpassed all other renewable energy technologies worldwide—excluding hydropower—with 39 gigawatts installed that year. Concentrating solar thermal power,2 although it still represents a fairly nascent market, also continues to expand as installed capacity increased by 36% in 2013 compared to 2012. In addition to meeting energy demand in an increasingly cost-effective manner, solar deployment can also support critical economic, social, and environmental development goals (Flavin and Hull Aeck, n.d.).

  8. Real Goods Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    80021 Product: Installer and servicer of residential PV systems in California, filed to spin out of Gaiam in an IPO in February 2008. Coordinates: 39.920863, -105.070582 Show...

  9. Good Energies (New York) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Avenue, 29th Floor Place: New York, New York Zip: 10172 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Product: Global investor in renewable energy and energy efficiency industries Year...

  10. Prone Whole-Breast Irradiation Using Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy in Women Undergoing Breast Conservation for Early Disease Yields High Rates of Excellent to Good Cosmetic Outcomes in Patients With Large and/or Pendulous Breasts

    SciTech Connect

    Bergom, Carmen; Kelly, Tracy; Morrow, Natalya; Wilson, J. Frank; Walker, Alonzo; Xiang Qun; Ahn, Kwang Woo; White, Julia

    2012-07-01

    Purpose: To report our institution's experience using prone positioning for three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) to deliver post-lumpectomy whole breast irradiation (WBI) in a cohort of women with large and/or pendulous breasts, to determine the rate of acute and late toxicities and, more specifically, cosmetic outcomes. We hypothesized that using 3D-CRT for WBI in the prone position would reduce or eliminate patient and breast size as negative prognostic indicators for toxicities associated with WBI. Methods and Materials: From 1998 to 2006, 110 cases were treated with prone WBI using 3D-CRT. The lumpectomy, breast target volumes, heart, and lung were contoured on all computed tomography scans. A dose of 45-50 Gy was prescribed to the breast volume using standard fractionation schemes. The planning goals were {>=}95% of prescription to 95% of the breast volume, and 100% of boost dose to 95% of lumpectomy planning target volume. Toxicities and cosmesis were prospectively scored using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Effects Version 3.0 and the Harvard Scale. The median follow-up was 40 months. Results: The median body mass index (BMI) was 33.6 kg/m{sup 2}, and median breast volume was 1396 cm{sup 3}. The worst toxicity encountered during radiation was Grade 3 dermatitis in 5% of our patient population. Moist desquamation occurred in 16% of patients, with only 2% of patients with moist desquamation outside the inframammary/axillary folds. Eleven percent of patients had Grade {>=}2 late toxicities, including Grade 3 induration/fibrosis in 2%. Excellent to good cosmesis was achieved in 89%. Higher BMI was associated with moist desquamation and breast pain, but BMI and breast volume did not impact fibrosis or excellent to good cosmesis. Conclusion: In patients with higher BMI and/or large-pendulous breasts, delivering prone WBI using 3D-CRT results in favorable toxicity profiles and high excellent to good cosmesis rates. Higher BMI was

  11. A Clean Energy Standard: Good for Consumers, Good for the Country

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Earlier this week, the Congressional Budget Office issued a new report that highlights the important role a clean energy standard could have in creating the clean energy jobs of the future at minimal cost to consumers.
 
The report evaluates several proposed clean and renewable energy standards, running them through a variety of models to determine the impact they could have on electricity prices in five regions of the country.

  12. Oil country tubular goods from Argentina, Austria, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and Spain. Investigations Nos. 701-ta-363 and 364 (final) and investigations nos. 731-ta-711-717 (final)

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-01

    Based on the record in these final investigations, we determine that an industry in the United States is materially injured by reason of imports of oil country tubular goods excluding drill pipe (also referred to herein as `casing and tubing`) from Argentina, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Mexico that are sold in the United States is materially injured by (`LTFV`). We also determine that an industry in the United States is materially injured by reason of subsidized imports of casing and tubing from Italy. We find that an industry in the United States is not materially injured or threatened with material injury by reason of imports of casing and tubing from Austria and Spain that are sold at LTFV or subsidized. We further determine that an industry in the United States is threatened with material injury by reason of imports of drill pipe from Argentina, Japan, and Mexico that are sold at LTFV. We determine that we would not have made an affirmative material injury determination but for the suspension of liquidation. Finally, we unanimously determine that an industry in the United States is neither materially injured nor threatened with material injury by reason of LFTV or subsidized imports of drill pipe from Austria, Italy, Korea, or Spain.

  13. Lidar - DOE ARM StreamLine Doppler Lidar (Halo) - Raw Data (Dataset...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W) Country of Publication: United States Language: English ...

  14. Raw Data from National Wind Technology Center M2 Tower (2001...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    such as global PSP (Wm2) and meteorological data, such as temperature, pressure, and wind speed and direction (at 2m, 5m, 10m, 20m, 50m, and 80m). Included here is a portion...

  15. Differential thermal analysis of the reaction properties of raw and retorted oil shale with air

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, T.F.

    1984-01-01

    The results of a study to determine the kinetics of combustion of oil shale and its char by using differential thermal analysis are reported. The study indicates that Colorado oil shale and its char combustion rate is the fastest while Fushun oil shale and its char combustion rate is the slowest among the six oil shales used in this work. Oil shale samples used were Fushun oil shale, Maoming oil shale, Huang county oil shale, and Colorado oil shale.

  16. Characterization of raw and burnt oil shale from Dotternhausen: Petrographical and mineralogical evolution with temperature

    SciTech Connect

    Thiéry, Vincent; Bourdot, Alexandra; Bulteel, David

    2015-08-15

    The Toarcian Posidonia shale from Dotternhausen, Germany, is quarried and burnt in a fluidized bed reactor to produce electricity. The combustion residue, namely burnt oil shale (BOS), is used in the adjacent cement work as an additive in blended cements. The starting material is a typical laminated oil shale with an organic matter content ranging from 6 to 18%. Mineral matter consists principally of quartz, feldspar, pyrite and clays. After calcination in the range, the resulting product, burnt oil shale, keeps the macroscopic layered texture however with different mineralogy (anhydrite, lime, iron oxides) and the formation of an amorphous phase. This one, studied under STEM, reveals a typical texture of incipient partial melting due to a long retention time (ca. 30 min) and quenching. An in-situ high temperature X-ray diffraction (HTXRD) allowed studying precisely the mineralogical changes associated with the temperature increase. - Highlights: • We present oil shale/burnt oil shale characterization. • The Posidonia Shale is burnt in a fluidized bed. • Mineralogical evolution with temperature is complex. • The burnt oil shale is used in composite cements.

  17. Features of Good Scientific Writing | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    "Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone." - Albert Einstein Striving for ...

  18. Gooding County, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    lse,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.9180557,"lon":-114.7494346,"alt":0,"address":"","...

  19. Heat Pump Water Heaters and American Homes: A Good Fit?

    SciTech Connect

    Franco, Victor; Lekov, Alex; Meyers, Steve; Letschert, Virginie

    2010-05-14

    Heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) are over twice as energy-efficient as conventional electric resistance water heaters, with the potential to save substantial amounts of electricity. Drawing on analysis conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy's recently-concluded rulemaking on amended standards for water heaters, this paper evaluates key issues that will determine how well, and to what extent, this technology will fit in American homes. The key issues include: 1) equipment cost of HPWHs; 2) cooling of the indoor environment by HPWHs; 3) size and air flow requirements of HPWHs; 4) performance of HPWH under different climate conditions and varying hot water use patterns; and 5) operating cost savings under different electricity prices and hot water use. The paper presents the results of a life-cycle cost analysis of the adoption of HPWHs in a representative sample of American homes, as well as national impact analysis for different market share scenarios. Assuming equipment costs that would result from high production volume, the results show that HPWHs can be cost effective in all regions for most single family homes, especially when the water heater is not installed in a conditioned space. HPWHs are not cost effective for most manufactured home and multi-family installations, due to lower average hot water use and the water heater in the majority of cases being installed in conditioned space, where cooling of the indoor environment and size and air flow requirements of HPWHs increase installation costs.

  20. Geothermal Startup Will Put Carbon Dioxide to Good Use

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Geothermal power holds enormous opportunities to provide affordable, clean energy that avoids greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide (CO2).

  1. The Science Behind Good BBQ: Know Your Compounds | GE Global...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Personally I prefer a little more brown sugar in my rub and somewhat less black pepper, but they were very well executed, the sauce was great, and the pork belly lettuce wraps were ...

  2. Good hair day: New technique grows tiny 'hairy' materials at...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Louise Lerner at (630) 252-5526 or media@anl.gov. Connect Find an Argonne expert by subject. Follow Argonne on Twitter, Facebook, Google+ and LinkedIn. For inquiries on...

  3. Virtual bidding: the good, the bad and the ugly

    SciTech Connect

    Celebi, Metin; Hajos, Attila; Hanser, Philip Q

    2010-06-15

    Virtual bidding has become an integral part of major organized electricity markets in the U.S. over the last decade; in some markets, virtual bids set the price half the time. Although virtual bidding can enhance the efficiency of electricity markets, that does not come without risk. (author)

  4. Vectorization: What is it and what is it good for?

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in 2016. You can start learning about vectorization now and experiment with the vector units on Edison. Read more about vectorization here. Subscribe via RSS Subscribe...

  5. GOODS CALIFORNIA LAWRENCE BERKELEY LAB POC David Chen Telephone

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Merchant Wholesalers 423490 Electrical Apparatus and Equipment, Wiring Supplies, and Related Equipment Merchant Wholesalers 423610 Electrical and Electronic Appliance, ...

  6. Marketing your goods or services to the Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Market Transformation Market Transformation Significant research and development progress has paved the way for fuel cells to enter today's commercial marketplace for a variety of applications, including specialty vehicles and stationary and portable power. The growing number of commercial products, in combination with the federal and state financial incentives available now, are instrumental in supporting the role that fuel cells play in our nation's energy portfolio. Through its market

  7. National Preparedness Month: A Good Time to Review Community...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Natural hazards such as hurricanes and earthquakes, as well as man-made hazards, can knock out power. Knowing the risks and being prepared can lessen the impact of such events. To ...

  8. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development...

  9. Good Year - Bad Year Financial Planning Workshop handout - April...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    unit's financial reserve balance at the end of a year or be used as an input for a TPP assessment. This metric is the most direct measure of BPA's ability to pay Treasury....

  10. A Novel Theoretical Method to Search Good Candidates of Solid...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    many technologies have been developing to separate and capture CO2 from coal gasifier. ... Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND ...

  11. Hanford Site Contractor Receives Overall 'Very Good' Rating for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Also pictured are, from left to right, Dave Olson, WRPS president and project manager; Jennie Weber, ESD's eastern regional director; and Nick Erickson, the local veterans' ...

  12. Fresh Air That's as Good as Gold | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    What are the key facts? Car engines produce traces of carbon monoxide, but they use ... kept its structural integrity at high temperatures, such as those found in car engines. ...

  13. Freight Shuttle System: Cross-Border Movement of Goods

    SciTech Connect

    2011-05-31

    The Freight Shuttle System (FSS) is designed to provide freight transportation services between those short and intermediate distance locations (within 600 miles) that are currently handling large volumes of freight traffic. Much like trucks, the FSS's transporters are autonomous: each transporter has its own propulsion and travels independently of other transporters. Inspired by railroads, each FSS transporter has steel wheels operating on a steel running surface and can carry either a standardsize freight container or an over-the-road truck trailer. However, unlike either rail or trucks, the FSS runs on an elevated, dedicated guideway to avoid the interference of other transportation systems. The objective of this report is to examine the potential viability for an alternative transportation system for trailers and containers in a multi-national, cross-border setting. The El Paso-Ciudad Juarez region serves as the environment of this analysis.

  14. Russia to import more goods for upstream projects

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-10-12

    This paper reports that Russia is stepping up its imports of petroleum hardware. In the latest developments; Nippon Steel Corp. and C. Itoh and Co. Ltd., Tokyo, signed contracts to provide Russia $300 million worth of export credits for steel pipe and undisclosed drilling equipment; Nizhnevartovskneftegaz, a Russian oil and gas production association, asked the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development for a $60 million loan to buy western oil and gas equipment. The hardware, mostly pipe, tools, pumps, and workover rigs, will be used in part to return shut-in wells to production.

  15. DOE Rates EM's Savannah River Site Contractor as 'Very Good'...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... The production process at MOX, which is now under construction, will eventually create fuel pellets for U.S. commercial reactor fuel assemblies. Savannah River Site's H Canyon ...

  16. Some good C++ practices for using the art framework

    SciTech Connect

    Paterno, Marc

    2015-05-01

    This document is intended for an audience that has some programming experience, at least beginning familiarity with C++, and at least beginning familiarity with the art2 framework. The intent of this document is to help the reader avoid some of the more common mistakes made by those with little experience in C++, or in use of the art framework, or both.

  17. Uranium hexafluoride: A manual of good handling practices. Revision 7

    SciTech Connect

    1995-01-01

    The United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC) is continuing the policy of the US Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies in sharing with the nuclear industry their experience in the area of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) shipping containers and handling procedures. The USEC has reviewed Revision 6 or ORO-651 and is issuing this new edition to assure that the document includes the most recent information on UF{sub 6} handling procedures and reflects the policies of the USEC. This manual updates the material contained in earlier issues. It covers the essential aspects of UF{sub 6} handling, cylinder filling and emptying, general principles of weighing and sampling, shipping, and the use of protective overpacks. The physical and chemical properties of UF{sub 6} are also described. The procedures and systems described for safe handling of UF{sub 6} presented in this document have been developed and evaluated during more than 40 years of handling vast quantities of UF{sub 6}. With proper consideration for its nuclear properties, UF{sub 6} may be safely handled in essentially the same manner as any other corrosive and/or toxic chemical.

  18. Good Is Not Enough: Improving Measurements of Atmospheric Particles

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    scatter sunlight, with other particle properties. These properties include particle size, chemical composition, and ability to soak up atmospheric water. By linking these...

  19. Power Lines and Crops Can Be Good Neighbors

    SciTech Connect

    2010-08-01

    Two of the Pacific Northwest’s greatest economic assets are its wealth of agriculture and its clean and reliable electricity fueled largely by hydropower. Sometimes the two intersect. Transmission lines carrying electricity to the region’s farms, businesses and homes must, of necessity, span large areas where people grow crops and orchards. To ensure a safe and reliable flow of electricity across these expanses, trees and other vegetation must be managed to certain standards. At the same time, the Bonneville Power Administration — which owns and operates three-quarters of the region’s high-voltage transmission — recognizes the importance of our region’s agricultural bounty. We are committed to working with individuals and agricultural communities to facilitate ongoing land-use activities in transmission rights-of-way as long as those uses are compatible with transmission safety and reliability standards. Our goal with vegetation management is to keep you and your property safe while protecting the reliability of our region’s electricity system. By working together, BPA and landowners can protect the system and public safety.

  20. Good Things in Small Packages: Micro Worlds and Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect

    David I Gertman

    2013-11-01

    Cyber events, as perpetrated by terrorists and nation states, have become commonplace as evidenced in national and international news media. Cyber attacks affect day-to-day activities of end users through exploitation of social networks, businesses such as banking and stock exchanges, and government entities including Departments of Defense. They are becoming more frequent and sophisticated. Currently, efforts are directed to understanding the methods employed by attackers and towards dissecting the planning and activities of the perpetrator, including review of psychosocial factors.

  1. World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities (Redirected from General Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  2. Good Practice Guidance on the Sustainable Mobilisation of Wood...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    AgencyCompany Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Partner: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Biomass,...

  3. Home Energy Assessments -- The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly! ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A Fresh Look at Home Performance Business Models and Service Offerings (301) Strengthening the Front Lines: Sales Training and Continuing Education for Contractors Ghosts in the ...

  4. ACHP - Meeting the "Reasonable and Good Faith" Identification...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    standard under section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Author Advisory Council on Historic Preservation Published Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, 2014...

  5. Efficiency is a Good Deal for Best Buy

    SciTech Connect

    2013-03-01

    Best Buy Corporation partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy to develop and implement solutions to achieve 50% energy savings in new construction.

  6. CONSTRUCTION OF KEY CLEANUP PROJECT GAINS GOOD GROUND AT SRS

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Aiken, SC - Construction of a key cleanup facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is gaining some serious ground given the remarkable building progress since Fall 2009. Construction and operation of the Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) is among the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) highest cleanup priorities.

  7. Good practice guide on firewall deployment for SCADA and process...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... More specifically, if the PCN is assigned the private subnet 192.168.1.xxx and the Internet network expects the device to use the corporate assigned addresses in the range ...

  8. Guide to good practices for line and training manager activities

    SciTech Connect

    1998-06-01

    The purpose of this guide is to provide direction for line and training managers in carrying out their responsibilities for training and qualifying personnel and to verify that existing training activities are effective.

  9. DOE Handbook: Guide to good practices evaluation instrument examples

    SciTech Connect

    1997-01-01

    Training evaluation determines a training program`s effectiveness in meeting its intended purpose: producing competent employees. Evaluation is the quality assurance component of a systematic approach to training program. This guide provides information on evaluation instruments used to gather employee, supervisor, and instructor feedback to identify strengths and weaknesses of training programs at DOE facilities. It should be used in conjunction with ``DOE Training Program Handbook: A Systematic Approach to Training`` and ``DOE Handbook, Alternative Systematic Approaches to Training.``

  10. DOE handbook: Guide to good practices for oral examinations

    SciTech Connect

    1997-09-01

    The purpose of this handbook is to provide DOE nuclear facilities (and others) with guidance that can be used to incorporate oral examination techniques and processes into their training programs. The handbook was developed on the basis of experience in the nuclear industry and incorporates information from civilian, military, commercial, and DOE nuclear sources. Different types of oral examinations are addressed and discussed, including informal, formal, checkouts, facility walkthroughs, operational examinations, and performance demonstrations. Guidelines for administering and grading oral examinations are provided for conducting consistent and reliable oral examinations. 1 tab.

  11. Uranium hexafluoride: A manual of good handling practices. Revision...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and its predecessor agencies in sharing with the nuclear industry their experience in the area of uranium hexafluoride (UFsub 6) shipping containers and handling procedures. ...

  12. Identifying, studying and making good use of macromolecular crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Calero, Guillermo; Cohen, Aina E.; Luft, Joseph R.; Newman, Janet; Snell, Edward H.

    2014-07-25

    As technology advances, the crystal volume that can be used to collect useful X-ray diffraction data decreases. The technologies available to detect and study growing crystals beyond the optical resolution limit and methods to successfully place the crystal into the X-ray beam are discussed. Structural biology has contributed tremendous knowledge to the understanding of life on the molecular scale. The Protein Data Bank, a depository of this structural knowledge, currently contains over 100 000 protein structures, with the majority stemming from X-ray crystallography. As the name might suggest, crystallography requires crystals. As detectors become more sensitive and X-ray sources more intense, the notion of a crystal is gradually changing from one large enough to embellish expensive jewellery to objects that have external dimensions of the order of the wavelength of visible light. Identifying these crystals is a prerequisite to their study. This paper discusses developments in identifying these crystals during crystallization screening and distinguishing them from other potential outcomes. The practical aspects of ensuring that once a crystal is identified it can then be positioned in the X-ray beam for data collection are also addressed.

  13. Certificate of Public Good Application Fee Form | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    for in-state facilities under Sections 248a and 248 of Title 30. When applying for Public Service Board approval of an in-state facility under Sections 248a and 248, the...

  14. APFED-Good Practice Database | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Land Use, Water Conservation Topics: Policiesdeployment programs Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learnedbest practices User Interface: Website Website: www.apfed.netkidatabase...

  15. Low-Carbon Growth Plans: Advancing Good Practice | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Lessons learnedbest practices Website: www.project-catalyst.infoimagespublications...

  16. Graphs, matrices, and the GraphBLAS: Seven good reasons

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Kepner, Jeremy; Bader, David; Buluç, Aydın; Gilbert, John; Mattson, Timothy; Meyerhenke, Henning

    2015-01-01

    The analysis of graphs has become increasingly important to a wide range of applications. Graph analysis presents a number of unique challenges in the areas of (1) software complexity, (2) data complexity, (3) security, (4) mathematical complexity, (5) theoretical analysis, (6) serial performance, and (7) parallel performance. Implementing graph algorithms using matrix-based approaches provides a number of promising solutions to these challenges. The GraphBLAS standard (istcbigdata.org/GraphBlas) is being developed to bring the potential of matrix based graph algorithms to the broadest possible audience. The GraphBLAS mathematically defines a core set of matrix-based graph operations that can be used to implementmore » a wide class of graph algorithms in a wide range of programming environments. This paper provides an introduction to the GraphBLAS and describes how the GraphBLAS can be used to address many of the challenges associated with analysis of graphs.« less

  17. Graphs, matrices, and the GraphBLAS: Seven good reasons

    SciTech Connect

    Kepner, Jeremy; Bader, David; Buluç, Aydın; Gilbert, John; Mattson, Timothy; Meyerhenke, Henning

    2015-01-01

    The analysis of graphs has become increasingly important to a wide range of applications. Graph analysis presents a number of unique challenges in the areas of (1) software complexity, (2) data complexity, (3) security, (4) mathematical complexity, (5) theoretical analysis, (6) serial performance, and (7) parallel performance. Implementing graph algorithms using matrix-based approaches provides a number of promising solutions to these challenges. The GraphBLAS standard (istcbigdata.org/GraphBlas) is being developed to bring the potential of matrix based graph algorithms to the broadest possible audience. The GraphBLAS mathematically defines a core set of matrix-based graph operations that can be used to implement a wide class of graph algorithms in a wide range of programming environments. This paper provides an introduction to the GraphBLAS and describes how the GraphBLAS can be used to address many of the challenges associated with analysis of graphs.

  18. Researchers Collaborate with Global Good To Improve Malaria Test...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials, Biology, and Systems Engineering Collaborate to Improve Malaria Diagnostic Test Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new...

  19. Innovative Geothermal Startup Will Put Carbon Dioxide To Good Use

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    GreenFire Energy began work to demonstrate a process that would use CO2 to harness geothermal energy to make electricity. What is more, the technology has the potential to add carbon sequestration – not to mention reduced water consumption – to the benefits already associated with geothermal power.

  20. Good Vibrations: No Heat Needed for Ultrasonic Dryers

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    With support from the Energy Department’s Building Technologies Office, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and GE Appliances are changing the way Americans do laundry with their ultrasonic drying technology that uses vibrations, not heat, to dry fabric.

  1. World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guidemanual Website: siteresources.worldbank.orgINTRANETFINANCIALMGMTResourcesFMB-Notes...

  2. Bright reddish-orange emission and good piezoelectric properties of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-modified (K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5})NbO{sub 3}-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

    SciTech Connect

    Hao, Jigong; Xu, Zhijun Chu, Ruiqing; Li, Wei; Du, Juan

    2015-05-21

    Reddish orange-emitting 0.948(K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5})NbO{sub 3}-0.052LiSbO{sub 3}-xmol%Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} (KNN-5.2LS-xSm{sub 2}O{sub 3}) lead-free piezoelectric ceramics with good piezoelectric properties were fabricated in this study, and the photoluminescence and electrical properties of the ceramics were systematically studied. Results showed that Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} substitution into KNN-5.2LS induces a phase transition from the coexistence of orthorhombic and tetragonal phases to a pseudocubic phase and shifts the polymorphic phase transition (PPT) to below room temperature. The temperature stability and fatigue resistance of the modified ceramics were significantly improved by Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} substitution. The KNN-5.2LS ceramic with 0.4 mol. % Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} exhibited temperature-independent properties (25–150 °C), fatigue-free behavior (up to 10{sup 6} cycles), and good piezoelectric properties (d{sub 33}{sup * }= 230 pm/V, d{sub 33} = 176 pC/N, k{sub p} = 35%). Studies on the photoluminescence properties of the samples showed strong reddish-orange emission upon blue light excitation; these emission intensities were strongly dependent on the doping concentration and sintering temperature. The 0.4 mol. % Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-modified sample exhibited temperature responses over a wide temperature range of 10–443 K. The maximum sensing sensitivity of the sample was 7.5 × 10{sup −4} K at 293 K, at which point PPT occurred. A relatively long decay lifetime τ of 1.27–1.40 ms and a large quantum yield η of 0.17–0.19 were obtained from the Sm-modified samples. These results suggest that the KNN-5.2LS-xSm{sub 2}O{sub 3} system presents multifunctional properties and significant technological potential in novel multifunctional devices.

  3. Oil atlas: National Petroleum Technology Office activities across the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Tiedemann, H.A.

    1998-03-01

    Petroleum imports account for the largest share of the US trade deficit. Over one-third of the 1996 merchandise trade deficit is attributed to imported oil. The good news is that substantial domestic oil resources, both existing and yet-to-be-discovered, can be recovered using advanced petroleum technologies. The Energy Information Agency estimates that advanced technologies can yield 10 billion additional barrels, equal to $240 billion in import offsets. The US Department of Energy`s National Petroleum Technology Office works with industry to develop advanced petroleum technologies and to transfer successful technologies to domestic oil producers. This publication shows the locations of these important technology development efforts and lists DOE`s partners in this critical venture. The National Petroleum Technology Office has 369 active technology development projects grouped into six product lines: Advanced Diagnostics and Imaging Systems; Advanced Drilling, Completion, and Stimulation; Reservoir Life Extension and Management; Emerging Processing Technology Applications; Effective Environmental Protection; and Crosscutting Program Areas.

  4. Property:Buildings/ModelXmlFile | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsChicago2009TSDGeneralMerchHPL50percent.xml +...

  5. Property:Buildings/ModelBuildingType | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Religious Worship Service Warehouse and Storage Other Vacant Pages using the property "BuildingsModelBuildingType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise...

  6. Property:Buildings/Models | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    It links to pages that use the form Buildings Publication. Pages using the property "BuildingsModels" Showing 2 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 50% Energy...

  7. Property:Buildings/ModelIdfFile | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + http:apps1.eere.energy.govbuildingsenergyplusmodelsChicago2009TSDGeneralMerchHPL50percent.idf +...

  8. Category:Building Models | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    category "Building Models" The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings General...

  9. Improve profits in the 1980s

    SciTech Connect

    Wessel, H.E.

    1982-10-01

    Advises strategic planners to consider sales forecasts, prices, raw materials cost, manufacturing costs, fixed investment, diversification possibilities, new-product RandD and acquisitions. Argues that long-time experience indicates that the accuracy of cash flow forecasts is poor with regard to sales volume and price, raw material cost, rates of inflation and business conditions. Accuracy of cash flow analysis is fair with regard to working capital, manufacturing costs (other than raw materials), and income tax rates. Fixed investment and construction period are the only areas where the accuracy of cash flow forecasting is good.

  10. Chemicals Sector (NAICS 325) Energy and GHG Combustion Emissions Profile, November 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    39 2.2 CHEMICALS SECTOR (NAICS 325) 2.2.1. Overview of the Chemicals Manufacturing Sector The chemicals manufacturing sector is an integral component of the U.S. economy, converting raw materials such as petroleum, natural gas, minerals, coal, air, and water into more than 70,000 diverse products. Chemical products are critical components of consumer goods and are found in everything from automobiles to plastics to electronics. This sector creates its diverse output from raw materials of two

  11. PoroTomo Subtask 3.8D - Raw Pressure Data from Boise Hydrogephysical Research Site (BHRS)

    DOE Data Explorer

    David Lim

    2013-07-17

    Pressure data from a phreatic aquifer was collected in the summer of 2013 during Multi-frequency Oscillatory Hydraulic Tomography pumping tests. All tests were performed at the Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site. The data will be inverted using a fast steady-periodic adjoint-based inverse code.

  12. PR B_WY_C BM HILIGHT POWELL KIT TY WELL D RAW SC OT T MIKES D

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Liquids Reserve Class No 2001 liquids reserves 0.1 - 10 Mbbl 10.1 - 100 Mbbl 100.1 - 1,000 Mbbl 1,000.1 - 10,000 Mbbl 10,000.1 - 100,000 Mbbl Basin Outline CO Index Map For 2 ...

  13. PR B_WY_C BM HILIGHT POWELL KIT TY WELL D RAW SC OT T MIKES D

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Reserve Class No 2001 gas reserves 0.1 - 10 MMCF 10.1 - 100 MMCF 100.1 - 1,000 MMCF 1,000.1 - 10,000 MMCF 10,000.1 - 100,000 MMCF > 100,000 MMCF Basin Outline CO Index Map For ...

  14. PoroTomo Subtask 3.8D - Raw Pressure Data from Boise Hydrogephysical Research Site (BHRS)

    DOE Data Explorer

    David Lim

    Pressure data from a phreatic aquifer was collected in the summer of 2013 during Multi-frequency Oscillatory Hydraulic Tomography pumping tests. All tests were performed at the Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site. The data will be inverted using a fast steady-periodic adjoint-based inverse code.

  15. PR B_WY_C BM HILIGHT POWELL KIT TY WELL D RAW SC OT T MIKES D

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    BOE Reserve Class No 2001 reserves 0.1 - 10 MBOE 10.1 - 100 MBOE 100.1 - 1,000 MBOE 1,000.1 - 10,000 MBOE 10,000.1 - 100,000 MBOE > 100,000 MBOE Basin Outline CO Index Map For 2 Powder River Basin Panels WY MT SD NE ND Powder River Basin 1 2 NE Total Total Total Number Liquid Gas BOE of Reserves Reserves Reserves Fields (Mbbl) (MMcf) (Mbbl) Powder River 543 193,456 2,398,604 593,223 Basin 2001 Reserve Summary for All Powder River Basin Fields PR B_WY_C BM PR B_WY_C BM PR B_WY_C BM PR B_WY_C

  16. PR B_WY_C BM HILIGHT POWELL KIT TY WELL D RAW SC OT T MIKES D

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Reserve Class No 2001 gas reserves 0.1 - 10 MMCF 10.1 - 100 MMCF 100.1 - 1,000 MMCF 1,000.1 - 10,000 MMCF 10,000.1 - 100,000 MMCF > 100,000 MMCF Basin Outline CO Index Map For 2 Powder River Basin Panels WY MT SD NE ND Powder River Basin 1 2 NE Total Total Total Number Liquid Gas BOE of Reserves Reserves Reserves Fields (Mbbl) (MMcf) (Mbbl) Powder River 543 193,456 2,398,604 593,223 Basin 2001 Reserve Summary for All Powder River Basin Fields PR B_WY_C BM PR B_WY_C BM PR B_WY_C BM PR

  17. Direct use of natural gas (methane) for conversion of carbonaceous raw materials to fuels and chemical feedstocks

    SciTech Connect

    Steinberg, M.

    1985-04-01

    It appears that natural gas is almost as abundant as petroleum, if not more so, as a natural resource in many parts of the world. Because of its rich hydrogen content, it is probably the lowest cost source of hydrogen wherever it is available. The most abundant fossil energy resource in the world appears to be coal, and the most abundant renewable resource appears to be biomass (trees and plants), both of which contain a deficiency of hydrogen. It is proposed to use natural gas in conjunction with coal and biomass to produce the preferred liquid fuel simulating petroleum products. Processes are described which include methanolysis that is the direct use of methane for gasification and liquefaction of coal and biomass, and for desulfurization of coal derived liquid and gases. The thermal decomposition of methane is described for hydrogen and carbon particulate production. A cyclical process is described for producing a clean particulate carbon from coal for use in a carbon-water-fuel-mix as a substitute diesel fuel or premium-grade boiler fuel. The hydrogen from methane can be used for flash hydropyrolysis or can be used to produce ammonia fertilizer. 7 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

  18. PR B_WY_C BM HILIGHT POWELL KIT TY WELL D RAW SC OT T MIKES D

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration pursuant to studies required by Section 604 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act Amendments of 2000 (P.L. 106-469). ...

  19. PR B_WY_C BM HILIGHT POWELL KIT TY WELL D RAW SC OT T MIKES D

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Authors: Sam Limerick (1), Lucy Luo (1), Gary Long (2), David Morehouse (2), Jack Perrin (1), Steve Jackson (1) and Robert King (2) (1) Z, Inc., (2) Energy Information ...

  20. Preliminary study of raw material for calcium silicate/PVA coating on Ti-6Al-4V alloy

    SciTech Connect

    Azam, Farah 'Atiqah bt Abdul; Shamsudin, Roslinda

    2015-09-25

    Calcium silicate bioceramic was prepared from the rice husk and limestone resources using the sol gel method. The preparations of CaSiO{sub 3} formulation were differ from the previous study due CaO/SiO{sub 2} amount with 45:55 ratio. X-Ray Fluorescence analysis was carried out to clarify the amount of SiO{sub 2} and CaO content in the limestone and rice husk ash. The high amount of CaO was found in the limestone with the percentages of 97.22%, whereby 89% of SiO{sub 2} content of the rice husk ash. Several milling time were studied to obtain the optimized milling ti me and speed in progress to obtain nano size particle. The particle size analysis result confirms that increase in milling time does not certainly reduce the size of particle. The addition of 0.05% polyvinyl alcohol as a binder did not change the phases or composition of calcium silicates after examined by X-Ray diffraction analysis which make it suitable to be used as a binder for calcium silicate coating without changing the chemical structure.

  1. The Power of Integrators, Financiers, and Insurers to Reduce Proliferation Risks: Nuclear Dual-Use Goods

    SciTech Connect

    Weise, Rachel A.; Hund, Gretchen

    2015-05-01

    Globalization of manufacturing supply chains has changed the nature of nuclear proliferation. Before 1991, nonproliferation efforts focused almost exclusively on limiting the spread of materials and equipment specifically designed for nuclear use -- reactors, centrifuges, and fissile material. Dual-use items, those items with both nuclear and non-nuclear applications, were not closely scrutinized or controlled. However, in 1991 the international community discovered that Iraq had developed a fairly sophisticated nuclear weapons program by importing dual-use items; this discovery spurred the international community to increase controls on dual-use technologies. Despite these international efforts, dual-use items are still a challenge for those seeking to limit proliferation.

  2. Public goods and private interests: Understanding non-residential demand for green power

    SciTech Connect

    Wiser, Ryan H.; Fowlie, Meredith; Holt, Edward A.

    2001-01-01

    This article presents the results of the first large-scale mail survey of non-residential green power customers in the United States. The survey explored the motivations, attitudes, and experiences of 464 business, non-profit, and public-sector customers that have voluntarily opted to purchase - and frequently pay a premium for - renewable electricity. Results of this study should be of value to marketers interested in targeting these customer segments, to policy makers interested in fostering and understanding non-residential demand for green power, and to academics pondering the motivations for firms to engage in such voluntary environmental initiatives.

  3. TCM exemptions to promote alternative-fuel vehicles: The good, the bad, and the ugly

    SciTech Connect

    Mintz, M.

    1994-02-01

    This document consists of viewgraphs from a presentation on transportation control measures (TCM) to facilitate the use of alternative-fuel vehicles (AFV). Types of TCMs that pertain to AFV exemptions are: parking fees and restrictions, high occupancy vehicle lanes, fuel taxes, and possibly congestion pricing and time-of-day and day-of-week restrictions. The degree to which these measures will impact AFV production by the year 2010 is predicted.

  4. What formulas are good for representing dipole and generalized oscillator-strength spectra

    SciTech Connect

    Inokuti, M.; Dillon, M.A.

    1984-01-01

    The dipole oscillator-strength distribution df/depsilon for a single continuum excitation of an atom or molecule is a function of the kinetic energy epsilon of an outgoing electron. The distribution describes many optical phenomena such as absorption, refraction, and reflection; in particular, df/depsilon is equal to the cross section for ionization by a photon with energy epsilon + I, apart from a universal constant, where I is the ionization threshold for the relevant shell. Furthermore, df/depsilon governs the ionization by glancing collisions of fast charged particles. Recent years have seen considerable accumulation of experimental data on df/depsilon. Those data are indeed valuable for many applications in radiation physics, plasma physics, atmospheric physics, and astrophysics. In most of these applications, one needs a comprehensive set of data, i.e., numerical values of df/depsilon over a wide range of epsilon, say, from several eV to many keV; most often, one needs data at all epsilon at which df/depsilon is appreciable. However, it is unrealistic to expect for measurements to cover all the epsilon values. Consequently, one must find a method for systematizing the data so that one can extrapolate or interpolate them dependably. It is from this consideration that we started a series of studies aimed at answering the question in the title. This is a summary of those studies. 28 references.

  5. DOE-STD-1042-93 CN-1; Guide to Good Practices for Control Area...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This ... of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480.19, Conduct ...

  6. DOE-STD-1036-93; Guide to Good Practices for Independent Verification

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This ... of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480.19, ...

  7. DOE-STD-1034-93; Guide to Good Practices for Timely Orders to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This ... of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480.19, ...

  8. DOE-STD-1043-93 CN-1; Guide to Good Practices for Operator Aid...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This ... of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480.19, Conduct ...

  9. DOE-STD-1035-93; Guide to Good Practices for Logkeeping

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This ... of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480.19, ...

  10. DOE-STD-1038-93; Guide to Good Practices for Operations Turnover

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This ... of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480.19, Conduct ...

  11. DOE-HDBK-1203-97; Guide to Good Practices for Training of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... This guide contains information that can be used to develop or validate training programs for technical staff and managers at DOE nuclear facilities. Training programs based on the ...

  12. DOE Rates EM's Savannah River Site Contractor as 'Very Good' in Fee

    Energy Saver

    2020 | Department of Energy Pursues SunShot Initiative to Achieve Cost Competitive Solar Energy by 2020 DOE Pursues SunShot Initiative to Achieve Cost Competitive Solar Energy by 2020 February 4, 2011 - 12:05pm Addthis U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced additional details of the Department of Energy's "SunShot" initiative to reduce the total costs of photovoltaic solar energy systems by about 75% so that they are cost competitive at large scale with other forms of

  13. Sugars Can Actually Be Good For Your Health (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema

    Bertozzi, Carolyn

    2016-07-12

    Like peanut M&Ms, all cells are coated with sugars but the functions of these sugar coatings were a mystery until very recently. This presentation will highlight recent fascinating discoveries regarding why cells are coated with sugars, as well as new tools for cancer detection that take advantage of the cells sugar coating. Professor Bertozzis lab focuses on profiling changes in cell surface glycosylation associated with cancer, inflammation and bacterial infection, and exploiting this information for development of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. In addition, her group develops nanoscience-based technologies for probing cell function and for medical diagnostics.

  14. DOE-HDBK-1200-97; Guide to Good Practices for Developing Learning...

    Energy Saver

    ... Given a drawing, label designated areas within the crane operating area... A limiting ... Example: Given a Goulds 3196ST stuffing box dimension and the blueprint for a John Crane ...

  15. Good practices to promote gender equality in science and physics in Tunisia

    SciTech Connect

    Jaziri, Sihem

    2015-12-31

    Women represent 47% of researchers in Tunisia but only 12% of senior faculty in scientific fields. This paper describes three areas of activity to promote greater participation of women. The Women in Science group at the University of Tunis has, among other activities, organized an annual conference on women in science since 2005. The COACh project is a multinational effort across northern Africa to promote professional networking and mentoring through partnerships with women in the United States. Finally, an immersive summer school was organized to introduce master’s level women to projects and careers in optics and photonics.

  16. The Power of a Good Idea: Quantitative Modeling of the Spread of Ideas from Epidemiological Models

    SciTech Connect

    Bettencourt, L. M. A.; Cintron-Arias, A.; Kaiser, D. I.; Castillo-Chavez, C.

    2005-05-05

    The population dynamics underlying the diffusion of ideas hold many qualitative similarities to those involved in the spread of infections. In spite of much suggestive evidence this analogy is hardly ever quantified in useful ways. The standard benefit of modeling epidemics is the ability to estimate quantitatively population average parameters, such as interpersonal contact rates, incubation times, duration of infectious periods, etc. In most cases such quantities generalize naturally to the spread of ideas and provide a simple means of quantifying sociological and behavioral patterns. Here we apply several paradigmatic models of epidemics to empirical data on the advent and spread of Feynman diagrams through the theoretical physics communities of the USA, Japan, and the USSR in the period immediately after World War II. This test case has the advantage of having been studied historically in great detail, which allows validation of our results. We estimate the effectiveness of adoption of the idea in the three communities and find values for parameters reflecting both intentional social organization and long lifetimes for the idea. These features are probably general characteristics of the spread of ideas, but not of common epidemics.

  17. DOE-STD-1030-95; DOE Standard Guide to Good Practices For Lockouts...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Hazardous Substance or Any solid, liquid, or gaseous material that is toxic, Material explosive, flammable, corrosive, or otherwise physically or biologically threatening to ...

  18. DOE-STD-1032-92 CN 1; Guide to Good Practices for Operations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Elements of this long-range plan should include anticipated changes in staffing levels, ... Policies should be written to identify and deal with behavioral problems, including drug ...

  19. DOE-HDBK-1117-99; Guide to Good Practices for Maintenance Supervisor...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... * Characteristics and recognition of potential aberrant behavior * Reporting behavioral changes in an individual employee * Interacting with employees who are demonstrating ...

  20. LIFE CYCLE ASSET MANAGEMENT Good Practice Guide GPG-FM-024 Site...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    facility's physical and operational aspects, which is necessary to establish selection criteria. The design report helps team members determine if meeting a criterion is...

  1. Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America’s Electric Vehicle Manufacturers

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Director of Public Affairs Dan Leistikow details how investments in battery manufacturing are on pace to employ thousands of Americans and ensure that our country can lead in a growing global industry.

  2. DOE-HDBK-1204-97; Guide to Good Practices for the Development...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Standards (EH-31), U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC ... The conversion of a learning objective into a test item is, ... However, there are many references (e.g., tables, charts, ...

  3. DOE-STD-1041-93 CN-1; Guide to Good Practices for Shift Routines...

    Energy Saver

    ... C-6 they are used to achieve safe and reliable plant operation. Operating crews apply knowledge of reactor theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and instrumentation and controls ...

  4. Nano-High: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Lecture on Good Sugars

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nano-High, a program of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, is a series of free Saturday morning talks by internationally recognized leaders in scientific research. The talks are designed...

  5. Uranium hexafluoride: A manual of good practice ORO 651 revision 6

    SciTech Connect

    Dyer, R.H.

    1991-12-31

    The United States Department of Energy publishes a document containing UF{sub 6} handling procedures and descriptions of the approved UF{sub 6} cylinders. Since its initial publication in 1966, it has been frequently revised to provide more and better information. The principle additions to the sixth revision which will be discussed are: (1) more detail on the physical and chemical properties of UF{sub 6}; (2) cold trap description and operation; (3) cylinder emptying and filling concepts; (4) basis for cylinder fill limits; (5) short- and long-term cylinder storage; and (6) cylinder photographs and drawings showing major dimensions.

  6. Precipitation hardenable iron-nickel-chromium alloy having good swelling resistance and low neutron absorbence

    DOEpatents

    Korenko, Michael K.; Merrick, Howard F.; Gibson, Robert C.

    1980-01-01

    An iron-nickel-chromium age-hardenable alloy suitable for use in fast breeder reactor ducts and cladding which utilizes the gamma-double prime strengthening phase and characterized in having a morphology of the gamma-double prime phase enveloping the gamma-prime phase and delta phase distributed at or near the grain boundaries. The alloy consists essentially of about 40-50% nickel, 7.5-14% chromium, 1.5-4% niobium, 0.25-0.75% silicon, 1-3% titanium, 0.1-0.5% aluminum, 0.02-0.1% carbon, 0.002-0.015% boron, and the balance iron. Up to 2% manganese and up to 0.01% magnesium may be added to inhibit trace element effects; up to 0.1% zirconium may be added to increase radiation swelling resistance; and up to 3% molybdenum may be added to increase strength.

  7. National Preparedness Month: A Good Time to Review Community Guidelines for Energy Emergencies

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy is participating in this month’s National Preparedness Month and America’s PrepareAthon! to promote nationwide, community-based actions that increase emergency preparedness. We encourage your involvement because effective preparedness to any emergency takes a community effort from the ground up.

  8. DOE-HDBK-1003-96; Guide to Good Practices for Training and Qualificati...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Describe the techniques to determine the nominal voltage of exposed live parts Identify ... Explain the inspection requirements for commonly used electrical components (e.g., drop ...

  9. DOE-HDBK-1206-98; Guide to Good Practices for On-the-Job Training

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... of facility equipmentsystems C Guidelines on self-study ... C Introduction C Explanation C Demonstration C Practice ... handling, and storage of training records. 3.5 ...

  10. DOE-STD-1012-92; DOE Guideline Guide to Good Practices for On...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... able to "follow" their explanation and demonstration ... feed, and condensate systems X X Recover from loss of ... system to No. 1 UPS battery X Manually separate the ...

  11. Renewable Electricity Standards: Good Practices and Design Considerations. A Clean Energy Regulators Initiative Report

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewable Electricity Generation Success Stories Renewable Electricity Generation Success Stories Renewable Electricity Generation Success Stories The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) successes in converting tax dollars into more affordable, effective, and deployable renewable energy sources make it possible to use these technologies in more ways each day. Learn how EERE's investments in geothermal, solar, water, and wind energy translate into more efficient, affordable

  12. DOE-STD-1128-98 CH 1; Guide of Good Practices for Occupational...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... radiolysis of the water of crystallization ... -- molten salt extraction (MSE) -- pyroredox. Treatment of chloride-based residues is ... levels, beams, or hot spots. -- to ensure ...

  13. DOE-HDBK-1002-96; Guide to Good Practices for Training and Qualificati...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Refrigerant Hot gas bypass Temperature ranges Leadlag operation Anti-recycle timer Abnormalities Pressure Water ... Fuel dissolution equipment Solvent extraction Definition of ...

  14. A good mass proxy for galaxy clusters with XMM-Newton

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Hai-Hui; Jia, Shu-Mei; Chen, Yong; Li, Cheng-Kui; Song, Li-Ming; Xie, Fei

    2013-12-01

    We use a sample of 39 galaxy clusters at redshift z < 0.1 observed by XMM-Newton to investigate the relations between X-ray observables and total mass. Based on central cooling time and central temperature drop, the clusters in this sample are divided into two groups: 25 cool core clusters and 14 non-cool core clusters, respectively. We study the scaling relations of L {sub bol}-M {sub 500}, M {sub 500}-T, M {sub 500}-M {sub g}, and M {sub 500}-Y {sub X}, and also the influences of cool core on these relations. The results show that the M {sub 500}-Y {sub X} relation has a slope close to the standard self-similar value, has the smallest scatter and does not vary with the cluster sample. Moreover, the M {sub 500}-Y {sub X} relation is not affected by the cool core. Thus, the parameter of Y{sub X} may be the best mass indicator.

  15. DOE-HDBK-1116-98; Guide to Good Practices for Developing and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... One of the lessons learned from the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident was that personnel in the nuclear industry did not have a means to share information learned from events at ...

  16. DOE-STD-1058-93; DOE Standard Guide to Good Practices For Developing...

    Energy Saver

    ... One of the lessons learned from the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident was that personnel in the nuclear industry did not have a means to share information learned from ...

  17. DOE-HDBK-1119-99; DOE Handbook; Guide to Good Practices for the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Additionally, some industry operating experience should be discussed to reinforce generic industry operating principles (e.g., Three Mile Island and Chernobyl). The facility ...

  18. DOE-HDBK-1116-98; DOE Handbook Guide to Good Practices for the...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... Additionally, some industry operating experience should be discussed to reinforce generic industry operating principles (e.g., Three Mile Island and Chernobyl). The facility ...

  19. DOE-STD-1061-93; DOE Standard Guide to Good Practices For the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Additionally, some industry operating experience should be discussed to reinforce generic industry operating principles (e.g., Three Mile Island and Chernobyl). The facility ...

  20. A Good Year for Solar in Phoenix Area | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Phoenix Area Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Suntech opens solar panel manufacturing plant in Goodyear, Arizona Will create up to 150 jobs by 2013;...

  1. Can p-channel tunnel field-effect transistors perform as good as n-channel?

    SciTech Connect

    Verhulst, A. S. Pourghaderi, M. A.; Collaert, N.; Thean, A. V.-Y.; Verreck, D.; Van de Put, M.; Groeseneken, G.; Sore, B.

    2014-07-28

    We show that bulk semiconductor materials do not allow perfectly complementary p- and n-channel tunnel field-effect transistors (TFETs), due to the presence of a heavy-hole band. When tunneling in p-TFETs is oriented towards the gate-dielectric, field-induced quantum confinement results in a highest-energy subband which is heavy-hole like. In direct-bandgap IIIV materials, the most promising TFET materials, phonon-assisted tunneling to this subband degrades the subthreshold swing and leads to at least 10 smaller on-current than the desired ballistic on-current. This is demonstrated with quantum-mechanical predictions for p-TFETs with tunneling orthogonal to the gate, made out of InP, In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As, InAs, and a modified version of In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As with an artificially increased conduction-band density-of-states. We further show that even if the phonon-assisted current would be negligible, the build-up of a heavy-hole-based inversion layer prevents efficient ballistic tunneling, especially at low supply voltages. For p-TFET, a strongly confined n-i-p or n-p-i-p configuration is therefore recommended, as well as a tensily strained line-tunneling configuration.

  2. DOE-STD-1039-93; Guide to Good Practices for Control of Equipment...

    Energy Saver

    ... This permits coordination of interrelated activities among work groups. 4.8 Equipment ... "Operations Aspects of Facility Chemistry and Unique Processes." DOE Order 5480.19, ...

  3. DOE-STD-1045-93 CN-1; Guide to Good Practices for Notifications...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... C Facility system performance is unusual, abnormal, or unexplained C Chemistry or process ... or may point to a need for better coordination of operations and maintenance activities. ...

  4. DOE-STD-1037-93; Guide to Good Practices for Operations Aspects...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... This would permit coordination of operations and chemistry activities, and would have avoided the need for resampling. C Technicians working with radioactive materials needed to ...

  5. OLOI, Disciplined Operations - Good Practices Study in Organizational Change (OLOI 30-01, Rev. 0)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    OCC Pamphlet OCC Pamphlet Office of Chief Counsel Assignments and Points of Contact Pamphlet OCC Pamphlet (145.71 KB) More Documents & Publications NNSA Service Center Chart Field Facilities Contacts for Printing and Mail 1998 Annual Facility Representative Workshop Attendees Energy

    ORDERS AND STANDARDS OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION EXPOSURE - ORDERS AND STANDARDS ORDERS AND STANDARDS Listed below are DOE guidance documents developed to support effective implementation of directives and

  6. Policies to Support Wind Power Deployment: Key Considerations and Good Practices

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, Sadie; Tegen, Suzanne; Baring-Gould, Ian; Oteri, Frank A.; Esterly, Sean; Forsyth, Trudy; Baranowski, Ruth

    2015-05-19

    Policies have played an important role in scaling up wind deployment and increasing its economic viability while also supporting country-specific economic, social, and environmental development goals. Although wind power has become cost-competitive in several contexts, challenges to wind power deployment remain. Within the context of country-specific goals and challenges, policymakers are seeking

  7. Multiwire conductor having increased interwire resistance and good mechanical stability and method for making same

    DOEpatents

    Luhman, T.; Klamut, C.

    1982-03-15

    An improved multiwire conductor of the type which is mechanically stabilized by a solder filler. A solder filled conductor is heated to a temperature sufficient to make the solder brittle, but below the melting point of the solder. While still hot, the conductor is flexed, causing the solder to separate from the wires comprising the conductor, thereby increasing the interwire resistance. In one embodiment the conductor may be heated to a temperature above the eutectic temperature of the solder so that a controlled amount of solder is removed. The subject invention is particularly suited for use with braided, ribbon-type, solder filled superconductors.

  8. Guide to good practices for teamwork training and diagnostic skills development

    SciTech Connect

    1997-06-01

    This guide provides assistance in the development, implementation, and improvement of training on teamwork and diagnostics. DOE and contractor representatives identified the need for teamwork and diagnostics training guidance. This need was based on the increasing emphasis of properly applying knowledge and skills to complete assigned tasks. Teamwork and diagnostic skills have become a focal point because of the impact they have on effective facility operation and safety.

  9. DOE Handbook: Guide to good practices for training of technical staff and managers

    SciTech Connect

    1997-01-01

    Training programs at DOE facilities should prepare personnel to safely and efficiently operate the facilities in accordance with DOE requirements. This guide contains information that can be used to develop or validate training programs for technical staff and managers at DOE nuclear facilities. Training programs based on the content of this guide should provide assurance that these personnel perform their jobs safely and competently.

  10. DOE handbook: Guide to good practices for operational readiness reviews (ORR) team leader`s guide

    SciTech Connect

    1994-09-01

    This guidance section provides instructions, explanations and examples for the performance of all phases of an Operational Readiness Review (ORR). Details pertinent to the Team Leader (TL), Team Members (TM) and Review Coordinator (RC) are outlined. An appendix contains sample forms and correspondence which are typically used to initiate and perform the ORR. Although this document was written specifically for use by DOE ORR Team Leaders, its use may also be beneficial to contractor ORR Team Leaders. The handbook is also useful for Team Leaders of Readiness Assessments conducted in accordance with requirements of DOE O 425.1. Lessons learned, which are promulgated with this handbook, will benefit any line manager, particularly those preparing a facility or process for startup or restart.

  11. Guide to good practices for developing and conducting case studies: DOE handbook

    SciTech Connect

    1998-01-01

    Learning from experience is often very costly to a facility in terms of injured personnel, damaged equipment, and wasted time. Learning from the experience gained at the facility and from industry can prevent repeating costly mistakes. This guide contains a method for learning from experience to prevent mistakes from occurring; that method is the case study. This guide describes how to develop and present case studies. This guide provides the instructional developer insight on the best kind of case study to use and includes examples of the various types of case studies.

  12. DOE handbook: Guide to good practices for training and qualification of chemical operators

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    The purpose of this Handbook is to provide contractor training organizations with information that can be used as a reference to refine existing chemical operator training programs, or develop new training programs where no program exists. This guide, used in conjunction with facility-specific job analyses, will provide a framework for training and qualification programs for chemical operators at DOE reactor and nonreactor facilities. Recommendations for qualification are made in four areas: education, experience, physical attributes, and training. Contents include: initial qualification; administrative training; industrial safety training; specialized skills training; on-the-job training; trainee evaluation; continuing training; training effectiveness evaluation; and program records. Two appendices describe Fundamentals training and Process operations. This handbook covers chemical operators in transportation of fuels and wastes, spent fuel receiving and storage, fuel disassembly, fuel reprocessing, and both liquid and solid low-level waste processing.

  13. DOE-STD-1050-93; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices For...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... and lamps * lubricating equipment * removing corrosion from surfaces * trimming refrigerant charge * removing oil from refrigeration plants * cleaning threads by mechanical ...

  14. DOE-STD-1044-93 CN-1; Guide to Good Practices for Equipment and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Label size, placement, arrangement, fabrication materials, color coding, lettering size ... and air conditioning system, etc.) C Motor control centers C Protective equipment, ...

  15. Off to a good start: Argonne's rising stars in battery research shine |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    October 2015 National Idling Reduction Network News October 2015 National Idling Reduction Network News December 4, 2015 - 7:53pm Addthis The National Idling Reduction Network brings together trucking and transit companies; railroads; ports; equipment manufacturers; Federal, state, and local government agencies (including regulators); nonprofit organizations; and national research laboratories to identify consistent, workable solutions to heavy-vehicle idling for the entire United States. Below

  16. DOE-STD-1031-92; Guide to Good Practices for Communications

    Energy Saver

    ... . . . . . . . 8 4.2 Face-to-Face Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4.3 Communication Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

  17. Composition suitable for use as inert electrode having good electrical conductivity and mechanical properties

    DOEpatents

    Ray, S.P.; Rapp, R.A.

    1984-06-12

    An improved inert electrode composition is suitable for use as an inert electrode in the production of metals such as aluminum by the electrolytic reduction of metal oxide or metal salt dissolved in a molten salt bath. The composition comprises one or more metals or metal alloys and metal compounds which may include oxides of the metals comprising the alloy. The alloy and metal compounds are interwoven in a network which provides improved electrical conductivity and mechanical strength while preserving the level of chemical inertness necessary for such an electrode to function satisfactorily. 8 figs.

  18. Composition suitable for use as inert electrode having good electrical conductivity and mechanical properties

    DOEpatents

    Ray, Siba P.; Rapp, Robert A.

    1984-01-01

    An improved inert electrode composition is suitable for use as an inert electrode in the production of metals such as aluminum by the electrolytic reduction of metal oxide or metal salt dissolved in a molten salt bath. The composition comprises one or more metals or metal alloys and metal compounds which may include oxides of the metals comprising the alloy. The alloy and metal compounds are interwoven in a network which provides improved electrical conductivity and mechanical strength while preserving the level of chemical inertness necessary for such an electrode to function satisfactorily.

  19. DOE-HDBK-1118-99; Guide to Good Practices for Continuing Training

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... experiences, performance problems, facility modifications, ... accomplish routine and emergency duties * Maintain the ... activities should be considered in planning skills training. ...

  20. Understanding Bulk Power Reliability: The Importance of Good Data and A Critical Review of Existing Sources

    SciTech Connect

    Fisher, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi

    2011-10-19

    Bulk power system reliability is of critical importance to the electricity sector. Complete and accurate information on events affecting the bulk power system is essential for assessing trends and efforts to maintain or improve reliability. Yet, current sources of this information were not designed with these uses in mind. They were designed, instead, to support real-time emergency notification to industry and government first-responders. This paper reviews information currently collected by both industry and government sources for this purpose and assesses factors that might affect their usefulness in supporting the academic literature that has relied upon them to draw conclusions about the reliability of the US electric power system.

  1. Behind Every Good Metabolite there is a Great Enzyme (and perhaps a structure)

    SciTech Connect

    Buchko, Garry W.; Phan, Isabelle; Cron, Lisabeth; Stacy, Robin; Stewart, Lance J.; Staker, Bart L.; Edwards, Tom E.; Varani, Gabriele; Van Voorhis, Wesley C.; Myler, Peter J.

    2012-11-01

    Today, due to great technological advancements, it is possible to study everything at the same time. This ability has given birth to totality studies in the fields of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. In turn, the combined study of all these global analyses gave birth to the field of systems biology. Another totality field brought to life with new emerging technologies is structural genomics, an effort to determine the three-dimensional structure of every protein encoded in a genome. The Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease (SSGCID) is a specialized structural genomics effort composed of academic (University of Washington), government (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory), not-for-profit (Seattle BioMed), and commercial (Emerald BioStructures) institutions that is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (Federal Contract: HHSN272200700057C and HHSN27220120025C) to apply genome-scale approaches in solving protein structures from biodefense organisms, as well as those causing emerging and re-emerging disease. In five years over 540 structures have been deposited into the Protein Data Bank (PDB) by SSGICD. About one third of all SSGCID structures contain bound ligands, many of which are metabolites or metabolite analogues present in the cell. These proteins structures are the blueprints for the structure-based design of the next generation of drugs against bacterial pathogens and other infectious diseases. Many of the selected SSGCID targets are annotated enzymes from known metabolomic pathways essential to cellular vitality since selectively knocking-out one of the enzymes in an important pathway with a drug may be fatal to the organism. One reason metabolomic pathways are important is because of the small molecules, or metabolites, produced at various steps in these pathways and identified by metabolomic studies. Unlike genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics that may be influenced by epigenetic, post-transcriptional, and post-translational modifications, respectively, the metabolites present in the cell at any one time represent downstream biochemical endproducts, and therefore, metabolite profiles may be most closely associated with a phenotype and provide valuable information for infectious disease research. Metabolomic data would be even more useful if it could be linked to the vast amount of structural genomics data. Towards this goal SSGCID has created an automated website (http://apps.sbri.org/SSGCIDTargetStatus/Pathway) that assigns selected SSGCID target proteins to MetaCyc pathways (http://metacyc.org/). Details of this website will be provided here. The SSGCID-Pathway website represents a first big step towards linking metabolites and metabolic pathways to structural genomic data with the goal of accelerating the discovery of new agents to battle infectious diseases.

  2. DOE-HDBK-3012-2003; DOE Handbook Guide to Good Practices for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... with managementsupervisor names. - Functional description for ES&H organizations (NQA-1). 27 DOE-HDBK-3012-2003 - General site map. - Contractor ORR andor Management Self ...

  3. Multiwire conductor having increased interwire resistance and good mechanical stability and method for making same

    DOEpatents

    Luhman, Thomas; Klamut, Carl

    1984-02-14

    An improved multiwire conductor of the type which is mechanically stabilized by a solder filler. A solder filled conductor is heated to a temperature sufficient to make the solder brittle, but below the melting point of the solder. While still hot, the conductor is flexed, causing the solder to separate from the wires comprising the conductor, thereby increasing the interwire resistance. In one embodiment the conductor may be heated to a temperature above the eutectic temperature of the solder so that a controlled amount of solder is removed. The subject invention is particularly suited for use with braided, ribbon-type, solder filled superconductors.

  4. DOE-HDBK-1001-96; Guide to Good Practices for Training and Qualificati...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... The ability to influence trainee behavior is closely related to the instructor's ... After this initial period of evaluation and course modification, evaluations should be ...

  5. DOE-HDBK-1114-98; Guide to Good Practices for Line and Training...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Training program development and modification should be systematically accomplished using ... Regular attendance at classroom instruction sessions and proper behavior (punctuality, ...

  6. When Good Ideas Take Flight: Carlsbad Field Office Shows Support for

    Energy Saver

    from the Advanced RTU Campaign | Department of Energy What's on your Roof? Rooftop Unit (RTU) Efficiency Advice and Guidance from the Advanced RTU Campaign What's on your Roof? Rooftop Unit (RTU) Efficiency Advice and Guidance from the Advanced RTU Campaign November 10, 2015 - 11:40am Addthis What’s on your Roof? Rooftop Unit (RTU) Efficiency Advice and Guidance from the Advanced RTU Campaign By Marta Schantz This is the first in a series of upcoming blogs on DOE's Advanced Rooftop Unit

  7. DOE-HDBK-1080-97; Guide to Good Practices for Oral Examinations

    Energy Saver

    ... Within this handbook the terms "qualification" and ... the knowledge to enter a higher level of qualification. ... may be inclined to search for hidden meanings in ...

  8. DOE-HDBK-1205-97; Guide to Good Practices for the Design, Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... An element may be critical if its omission or improper execution: C Causes or could cause damage to any system or component to the extent that it prevents the system or component ...

  9. DOE-HDBK-1202-97; Guide to Good Practices for Teamwork Training...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... basis to determine the extent to which established ... and action- initiation process during abnormal conditions. ... An understanding of the causes and benefits of constructive ...

  10. DOE-HDBK-1201-97; Guide to Good Practices Evaluation Instrument...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... 2 3 4 5 b. think through facility conditions, activities, causes, and responses. 0 1 2 3 4 5 c. ... the simulator or walk-through reflect the actual task to the extent possible? ...

  11. Guide of Good Practices for Occupational Radiological Protection in Uranium Facilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    )*&%&!# (&!(+#+,& ! -"&.(#-.//01.2333 '45467$2333 89'!:&$!"#+8&$!";$/ "<7=>?@$2333 89'!:&$!"#+8&$!";$2 %A@<B$233/ 89'!:&$!"#+8&$!";$0 -?<?C>?@$233/ -"&$(#'!-'*- "#$%&!'(!"''%!)*+,-$,&.!('* ',,#)+-$'/+0!*+%$'0'"$,+0 )*'-&,-$'/!$/!#*+/$#1!(+,$0$-$&. );(;$-?DA@7C?E7$=F$&E?@5G '*&'$H'8I JA6BKE57=EL$-;8;$23MNM

  12. How an independent put inexpensive 3-D seismic to good use in New Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Nester, D.C. (Landmark/Concurrent Solutions, Houston, TX (US)); Emdsley, D. (Merrion Oil and Gas Corp., Farmington, NM (US))

    1992-03-23

    This paper reports that as major oil companies focus their attention offshore and overseas, independents in the U.S. continue to find and develop onshore reserves using their traditional strengths. Those strengths have been low overhead, nimble decisionmaking, and hard-won experience within a particular geologic region. Today many of these companies are emerging as even tougher competitors by applying 3-D seismic along with the multidisciplinary know-how and the interactive workstations needed to interpret it. The recent experience of Merrion Oil and Gas Corp., Farmington, N.M., offers a case in point. When oil prices collapsed in 1986, Merrion saw the chance to venture into exploration at low cost. Ever since, the company has devoted its resources to exploring for oil in the San Juan basin's Entrada sand dunes, a complex stratigraphic play found at 6,000 ft.

  13. Discussion of and reply to ``Thermoselect: Energy and raw material recovery through thermal chemical transformation in a closed-loop system``

    SciTech Connect

    Norton, J.W.; Stahlberg, R.; Runyon, D.J.

    1995-11-01

    Publication of this paper by Rudi Stahlberg and David J. Runyon has made the public aware of the perfect system which would take garbage in, and produce several streams of valuable by-products while emitting little, if any, pollution streams. Prototype testing of the system was done at Fondotoce, Italy. However, the paper gives the impression that perhaps not all of the suggested processing is a part of the present prototype operation, if this is the case, the reader should be clearly informed as to which of the suggested by-product processing systems is presently operational, and which are thought to be possible. Comments are also made concerning pollution control equipment and the disposition of heavy metals. This article also contains the original authors` reply to the comments.

  14. Crane: Order (2016-CE-52001)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Crane Merchandising Systems, Inc. to pay a $16,000 civil penalty after finding Crane had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  15. Crane: Proposed Penalty (2016-CE-52001)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Crane Merchandising Systems failed to certify certain models of refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  16. Commercial Building Partnership Retail Food Sales Energy Savings Overview

    SciTech Connect

    2013-03-01

    The Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) paired selected commercial building owners and operators with representatives of DOE, national laboratories and private sector exports to explore energy efficiency measures across general merchandise commercial buildings.

  17. Property:Buildings/PublicationName | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "BuildingsPublicationName" Showing 2 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 50%...

  18. Property:Buildings/ModelName | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "BuildingsModelName" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD...

  19. Property:Buildings/PublicationURL | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type URL. Pages using the property "BuildingsPublicationURL" Showing 2 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 50%...

  20. Property:Buildings/ModelTargetType | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    are: ASHRAE 90.1 2007 ASHRAE 90.1 2004 ASHRAE 189.1 LEED Pages using the property "BuildingsModelTargetType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise...

  1. Property:Buildings/ReportNumber | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "BuildingsReportNumber" Showing 2 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 50%...

  2. Property:Buildings/ModelClimateZone | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone 7A Climate Zone 7B Climate Zone 8A Climate Zone 8B Pages using the property "BuildingsModelClimateZone" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise...

  3. Property:Buildings/PublicationType | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "BuildingsPublicationType" Showing 2 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 50%...

  4. Property:Buildings/ModelYear | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Date. Pages using the property "BuildingsModelYear" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD...

  5. Property:Buildings/PublicationYear | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Date. Pages using the property "BuildingsPublicationYear" Showing 2 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 50%...

  6. Three-Dimensionally Mesostructured Fe2O3 Electrodes with Good Rate Performance and Reduced Voltage Hysteresi

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Wang, Junjie; Braun, Paul V.; Zhou, Hui; Nanda, Jagjit

    2015-03-26

    Ni scaffolded mesostructured 3D Fe2O3 electrodes were fabricated by colloidal templating and pulsed elec-trodeposition. The scaffold provided short pathways for both lithium ions and electrons in the active phase, enabling fast kinetics and thus a high power density. The scaffold also resulted in a reduced voltage hysteresis. The electrode showed a reversible capacity of ~1000 mA h g-1 at 0.2 A g-1 (~0.2 C) for about 20 cycles, and at a current density of 20 A g-1 (~20 C) the deliverable capacity was about 450 mA h g-1. The room temperature voltage hysteresis at 0.1 A g-1 (~0.1 C) wasmore » 0.62 V, which is significantly smaller than that normally reported in the literature. And it could be further reduced to 0.42 V when cycling at 45 ºC. Potentiostatic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (PEIS) studies indicated the small voltage hysteresis may be due to a reduction in the Li2O/Fe interfacial area in the electrode during cycling relative to convention-al conversion systems.« less

  7. Method of making composition suitable for use as inert electrode having good electrical conductivity and mechanical properties

    DOEpatents

    Ray, S.P.; Rapp, R.A.

    1986-04-22

    An improved inert electrode composition is suitable for use as an inert electrode in the production of metals such as aluminum by the electrolytic reduction of metal oxide or metal salt dissolved in a molten salt bath. The composition comprises one or more metals or metal alloys and metal compounds which may include oxides of the metals comprising the alloy. The alloy and metal compounds are interwoven in a network which provides improved electrical conductivity and mechanical strength while preserving the level of chemical inertness necessary for such an electrode to function satisfactorily. 8 figs.

  8. How good a clock is rotation? The stellar rotation-mass-age relationship for old field stars

    SciTech Connect

    Epstein, Courtney R.; Pinsonneault, Marc H. E-mail: pinsono@astronomy.ohio-state.edu

    2014-01-10

    The rotation-mass-age relationship offers a promising avenue for measuring the ages of field stars, assuming the attendant uncertainties to this technique can be well characterized. We model stellar angular momentum evolution starting with a rotation distribution from open cluster M37. Our predicted rotation-mass-age relationship shows significant zero-point offsets compared to an alternative angular momentum loss law and published gyrochronology relations. Systematic errors at the 30% level are permitted by current data, highlighting the need for empirical guidance. We identify two fundamental sources of uncertainty that limit the precision of rotation-based ages and quantify their impact. Stars are born with a range of rotation rates, which leads to an age range at fixed rotation period. We find that the inherent ambiguity from the initial conditions is important for all young stars, and remains large for old stars below 0.6 M {sub ☉}. Latitudinal surface differential rotation also introduces a minimum uncertainty into rotation period measurements and, by extension, rotation-based ages. Both models and the data from binary star systems 61 Cyg and α Cen demonstrate that latitudinal differential rotation is the limiting factor for rotation-based age precision among old field stars, inducing uncertainties at the ∼2 Gyr level. We also examine the relationship between variability amplitude, rotation period, and age. Existing ground-based surveys can detect field populations with ages as old as 1-2 Gyr, while space missions can detect stars as old as the Galactic disk. In comparison with other techniques for measuring the ages of lower main sequence stars, including geometric parallax and asteroseismology, rotation-based ages have the potential to be the most precise chronometer for 0.6-1.0 M {sub ☉} stars.

  9. Good alarm design plays a vital role in successful DCS implementation: Hard learned lessons from petrochemical applications

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, C.; Rothenberg, D.

    2006-07-01

    Nuclear operators are eager to update their automation infrastructure, but are apprehensive due to the consequences of failure. The process industries have learned that alarm design is critical to a successful Distributed Control System (DCS) implementation. This paper shares valuable insight into how alarms play a key role in successful management of upsets, help focus operator attention, and supply critical information during periods of high stress. (authors)

  10. CANDELS/GOODS-S, CDFS, and ECDFS: photometric redshifts for normal and X-ray-detected galaxies

    SciTech Connect

    Hsu, Li-Ting; Salvato, Mara; Nandra, Kirpal; Brusa, Marcella; Bender, Ralf; Buchner, Johannes; Brightman, Murray; Georgakakis, Antonis; Donley, Jennifer L.; Kocevski, Dale D.; Guo, Yicheng; Barro, Guillermo; Faber, Sandra M.; Rangel, Cyprian; Willner, S. P.; Ashby, Matthew L. N.; Budavri, Tams; Szalay, Alexander S.; Dahlen, Tomas; and others

    2014-11-20

    We present photometric redshifts and associated probability distributions for all detected sources in the Extended Chandra Deep Field South (ECDFS). This work makes use of the most up-to-date data from the Cosmic Assembly Near-IR Deep Legacy Survey (CANDELS) and the Taiwan ECDFS Near-Infrared Survey (TENIS) in addition to other data. We also revisit multi-wavelength counterparts for published X-ray sources from the 4 Ms CDFS and 250 ks ECDFS surveys, finding reliable counterparts for 1207 out of 1259 sources (?96%). Data used for photometric redshifts include intermediate-band photometry deblended using the TFIT method, which is used for the first time in this work. Photometric redshifts for X-ray source counterparts are based on a new library of active galactic nuclei/galaxy hybrid templates appropriate for the faint X-ray population in the CDFS. Photometric redshift accuracy for normal galaxies is 0.010 and for X-ray sources is 0.014 and outlier fractions are 4% and 5.2%, respectively. The results within the CANDELS coverage area are even better, as demonstrated both by spectroscopic comparison and by galaxy-pair statistics. Intermediate-band photometry, even if shallow, is valuable when combined with deep broadband photometry. For best accuracy, templates must include emission lines.

  11. Residential Energy-Efficiency Equipment Shown to be a Good Investment for U.S. Navy (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-04-01

    A two-year project between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the U.S. Navy's Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) to demonstrate energy efficiency technologies at bases in Hawaii and Guam resulted in the identification of several promising options for reducing energy use and costs, including whole-house energy efficiency retrofits.

  12. Only the Good Shall Pass: Battery with a Built-in Bouncer | U.S. DOE Office

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy Online Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" Online Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" January 26, 2012 - 10:17am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today invited Americans to vote online for the most innovative and promising start-up companies in the "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" challenge. Voting will end at 8:59 a.m. EST. on Monday, February 6, and the top start-up

  13. Method of making composition suitable for use as inert electrode having good electrical conductivity and mechanical properties

    DOEpatents

    Ray, Siba P.; Rapp, Robert A.

    1986-01-01

    An improved inert electrode composition is suitable for use as an inert electrode in the production of metals such as aluminum by the electrolytic reduction of metal oxide or metal salt dissolved in a molten salt bath. The composition comprises one or more metals or metal alloys and metal compounds which may include oxides of the metals comprising the alloy. The alloy and metal compounds are interwoven in a network which provides improved electrical conductivity and mechanical strength while preserving the level of chemical inertness necessary for such an electrode to function satisfactorily.

  14. Synthetic Biology and Bioenergy: Helping the Good Guy and Stopping the Bad (2014 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting)

    SciTech Connect

    Mercedes-Roca, Maria [Zamorano Panamerican Agriculture School

    2014-03-19

    Maria Mercedes-Roca of the Zamorano Panamerican Agriculture School speaks at the 9th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 20, 2014 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  15. Advanced Method of Inspecting Tubular Goods and Refinery Process Piping: Inventions and Innovation Petroleum Project Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect

    Wogsland, J.

    2001-01-25

    Project fact sheet written for the Inventions and Innovation Program about an advanced analysis method that provides complete on-line ultrasonic inspection of tubular materials.

  16. Methodology for Estimating ton-Miles of Goods Movements for U.S. Freight Mulitimodal Network System

    SciTech Connect

    Oliveira Neto, Francisco Moraes; Chin, Shih-Miao; Hwang, Ho-Ling

    2013-01-01

    Ton-miles is a commonly used measure of freight transportation output. Estimation of ton-miles in the U.S. transportation system requires freight flow data at disaggregated level (either by link flow, path flows or origin-destination flows between small geographic areas). However, the sheer magnitude of the freight data system as well as industrial confidentiality concerns in Census survey, limit the freight data which is made available to the public. Through the years, the Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been working in the development of comprehensive national and regional freight databases and network flow models. One of the main products of this effort is the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF), a public database released by the ORNL. FAF provides to the general public a multidimensional matrix of freight flows (weight and dollar value) on the U.S. transportation system between states, major metropolitan areas, and remainder of states. Recently, the CTA research team has developed a methodology to estimate ton-miles by mode of transportation between the 2007 FAF regions. This paper describes the data disaggregation methodology. The method relies on the estimation of disaggregation factors that are related to measures of production, attractiveness and average shipments distances by mode service. Production and attractiveness of counties are captured by the total employment payroll. Likely mileages for shipments between counties are calculated by using a geographic database, i.e. the CTA multimodal network system. Results of validation experiments demonstrate the validity of the method. Moreover, 2007 FAF ton-miles estimates are consistent with the major freight data programs for rail and water movements.

  17. Order Module--DOE-HDBK-1203-97, GUIDE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR TRAINING OF TECHNICAL STAFF AND MANAGERS, DOE-HDBK-1204-97, GUIDE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TEST ITEMS,DOE-HDBK-1205-97, GUIDE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR THE DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The familiar level of this module is divided into four sections. In the first section, the module will present DOE-HDBK-1203-97, Training Program for Technical Staff Personnel, which covers the...

  18. Energy 101: Clean Energy Manufacturing

    SciTech Connect

    2015-07-09

    Most of us have a basic understanding of manufacturing. It's how we convert raw materials, components, and parts into finished goods that meet our essential needs and make our lives easier. But what about clean energy manufacturing? Clean energy and advanced manufacturing have the potential to rejuvenate the U.S. manufacturing industry and open pathways to increased American competitiveness. Watch this video to learn more about this exciting movement and to see some of these innovations in action.

  19. Maps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science & Innovation » Energy Efficiency » Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing is how we convert raw materials, components, and parts into finished goods that meet our essential needs and make our lives easier. But what about clean energy manufacturing? Clean energy and advanced manufacturing have the potential to rejuvenate the U.S. manufacturing industry and open pathways to increased American competitiveness. Manufacturing is the lifeblood of the American economy -- providing jobs

  20. Forest Products Sector (NAICS 321 and 322) Energy and GHG Combustion Emissions Profile, November 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis 2.3 FOREST PRODUCTS SECTOR (NAICS 321 AND 322) 2.3.1. Overview of the Forest Products Manufacturing Sector The forest products sector produces thousands of products from renewable raw materials (wood) that are essential for communication, packaging, consumer goods, and construction. The sector is divided into two major categories: Wood Product Manufacturing (NAICS 321) and Paper Manufacturing (NAICS 322). These industries are

  1. Energy 101: Clean Energy Manufacturing

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Most of us have a basic understanding of manufacturing. It's how we convert raw materials, components, and parts into finished goods that meet our essential needs and make our lives easier. But what about clean energy manufacturing? Clean energy and advanced manufacturing have the potential to rejuvenate the U.S. manufacturing industry and open pathways to increased American competitiveness. Watch this video to learn more about this exciting movement and to see some of these innovations in action.

  2. Manufacturing | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Science & Innovation » Energy Efficiency » Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing is how we convert raw materials, components, and parts into finished goods that meet our essential needs and make our lives easier. But what about clean energy manufacturing? Clean energy and advanced manufacturing have the potential to rejuvenate the U.S. manufacturing industry and open pathways to increased American competitiveness. Manufacturing is the lifeblood of the American economy -- providing jobs

  3. NREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-07-01

    Building designers and operators could cut energy use by 50% in large office buildings, hospitals, schools, and a variety of stores - including groceries, general merchandise outlets, and retail outlets - by following the recommendations of researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

  4. NREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2013-08-01

    Building designers and operators could cut energy use by 50% in large office buildings, hospitals, schools, and a variety of stores -- including groceries, general merchandise outlets, and retail outlets -- by following the recommendations of NREL researchers. The innovative energy-saving recommendations are contained in technical support documents and Advanced Energy Design Guides compiled by NREL.

  5. Three-Dimensionally Mesostructured Fe2O3 Electrodes with Good Rate Performance and Reduced Voltage Hysteresi

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Junjie; Braun, Paul V.; Zhou, Hui; Nanda, Jagjit

    2015-03-26

    Ni scaffolded mesostructured 3D Fe2O3 electrodes were fabricated by colloidal templating and pulsed elec-trodeposition. The scaffold provided short pathways for both lithium ions and electrons in the active phase, enabling fast kinetics and thus a high power density. The scaffold also resulted in a reduced voltage hysteresis. The electrode showed a reversible capacity of ~1000 mA h g-1 at 0.2 A g-1 (~0.2 C) for about 20 cycles, and at a current density of 20 A g-1 (~20 C) the deliverable capacity was about 450 mA h g-1. The room temperature voltage hysteresis at 0.1 A g-1 (~0.1 C) was 0.62 V, which is significantly smaller than that normally reported in the literature. And it could be further reduced to 0.42 V when cycling at 45 ºC. Potentiostatic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (PEIS) studies indicated the small voltage hysteresis may be due to a reduction in the Li2O/Fe interfacial area in the electrode during cycling relative to convention-al conversion systems.

  6. June 2, 2011 Dear SEP Grantees, Investing in America's clean energy future and creating good jobs for the nation's workers-that

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Job Safety and Health Poster Job Safety and Health Poster Department of Energy (DOE) Job Safety and Health poster. DOE Order 440.1B Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including the National Nuclear Security Administration) Federal Employees and title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), part 851, Worker Safety and Health Program, both require that a worker safety and health poster be posted in a prominent location to inform employees of their rights and responsibilities. In the past, DOE has

  7. A Critical Examination of Figure of Merit (FOM). Assessing the Goodness-of-Fit in Gamma/X-ray Peak Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Croft, S.; Favalli, Andrea; Weaver, Brian Phillip; Williams, Brian J.; Burr, Thomas Lee; Henzlova, Daniela; McElroy, R. D.

    2015-10-06

    In this paper we develop and investigate several criteria for assessing how well a proposed spectral form fits observed spectra. We consider the classical improved figure of merit (FOM) along with several modifications, as well as criteria motivated by Poisson regression from the statistical literature. We also develop a new FOM that is based on the statistical idea of the bootstrap. A spectral simulator has been developed to assess the performance of these different criteria under multiple data configurations.

  8. HerMES: LYMAN BREAK GALAXIES INDIVIDUALLY DETECTED AT 0.7 {<=} z {<=} 2.0 IN GOODS-N WITH HERSCHEL/SPIRE

    SciTech Connect

    Burgarella, D.; Heinis, S.; Buat, V.; Giovannoli, E.; Ilbert, O.; Magdis, G.; Hwang, H. S.; Blain, A.; Bock, J.; Cooray, A.; Brisbin, D.; Chanial, P.; Clements, D. L.; Franceschini, A.; Marchetti, L.; Glenn, J.; Gonzalez Solares, E. A. E-mail: sebastien.heinis@oamp.fr

    2011-06-10

    As part of the Herschel Multi-tiered Extragalactic Survey we have investigated the rest-frame far-infrared (FIR) properties of a sample of more than 4800 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey North field. Most LBGs are not detected individually, but we do detect a sub-sample of 12 objects at 0.7 < z < 1.6 and one object at z = 2.0. The ones detected by Herschel SPIRE have redder observed NUV - U and U - R colors than the others, while the undetected ones have colors consistent with average LBGs at z > 2.5. The UV-to-FIR spectral energy distributions of the objects detected in the rest-frame FIR are investigated using the code CIGALE to estimate physical parameters. We find that LBGs detected by SPIRE are high-mass, luminous infrared galaxies. It appears that LBGs are located in a triangle-shaped region in the A{sub FUV} versus log L{sub FUV} = 0 diagram limited by A{sub FUV} = 0 at the bottom and by a diagonal following the temporal evolution of the most massive galaxies from the bottom right to the top left of the diagram. This upper envelop can be used as upper limits for the UV dust attenuation as a function of L{sub FUV}. The limits of this region are well explained using a closed-box model, where the chemical evolution of galaxies produces metals, which in turn lead to higher dust attenuation when the galaxies age.

  9. Improvement of productivity of sintering plant at Nagoya Works of NSC

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshida, Hitoshi; Iida, Hiroyuki; Kabuto, Shigehisa; Suzuki, Haruhisa

    1996-12-31

    It is well known that in the sintering process generally, the state of charging raw materials into the sintering machine and whether or not its stability is good significantly influence the productivity, quality and cost of this process. At the Nagoya sintering plant, therefore, the peripheral of the slit bar-type segregation charging equipment developed by Nippon Steel were improved in 1994. The main improvements were: the improvement of the raw materials charging control mode, the introduction of fluffer bar to improve permeability and the addition of equipment for removal of lumps from sinter mix. After these measures were taken, the state of segregation of the raw materials and carbon between the upper and lower portions of the sinter bed was improved, the charging stability was also improved and the charging density was decreased, making it possible to achieve productivity improvement and cost reduction as originally intended. This report described the outline and concept of the equipment improvement measures and the operation results of the actual machine.

  10. Utilization of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash for sulfoaluminate cement clinker production

    SciTech Connect

    Wu Kai; Shi Huisheng; Guo Xiaolu

    2011-09-15

    Highlights: > The replacement can be taken up to 30% of MSWI fly ash in the raw mix. > The novelty compositional parameters were defined, their optimum values were determined. > Expansive property of SAC is strongly depended on gypsum content. > Three leaching test methods are used to assess the environmental impact. - Abstract: The feasibility of partially substituting raw materials with municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash in sulfoaluminate cement (SAC) clinker production was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), compressive strength and free expansion ratio testing. Three different leaching tests were used to assess the environmental impact of the produced material. Experimental results show that the replacement of MSWI fly ash could be taken up to 30% in the raw mixes. The good quality SAC clinkers are obtained by controlling the compositional parameters at alkalinity modulus (C{sub m}) around 1.05, alumina-sulfur ratio (P) around 2.5, alumina-silica ratio (N) around 2.0{approx}3.0 and firing the raw mixes at 1250 deg. C for 2 h. The compressive strengths of SAC are high in early age while that develop slowly in later age. Results also show that the expansive properties of SAC are strongly depended on the gypsum content. Leaching studies of toxic elements in the hydrated SAC-based system reveal that all the investigated elements are well bounded in the clinker minerals or immobilized by the hydration products. Although some limited positive results indicate that the SAC prepared from MSWI fly ash would present no immediate thread to the environment, the long-term toxicity leaching behavior needs to be further studied.

  11. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    using corn syrup, molasses progressing well. In addition are examining raw sugar, but raw sugar is more expensive than corn syrup and molasses * Romesh Kumar, Argonne National ...

  12. 2008 Industrial Technologies Market Report, May 2009

    SciTech Connect

    Energetics; DOE

    2009-07-01

    The industrial sector is a critical component of the U.S. economy, providing an array of consumer, transportation, and national defense-related goods we rely on every day. Unlike many other economic sectors, however, the industrial sector must compete globally for raw materials, production, and sales. Though our homes, stores, hospitals, and vehicles are located within our borders, elements of our goods-producing industries could potentially be moved offshore. Keeping U.S. industry competitive is essential to maintaining and growing the U.S. economy. This report begins with an overview of trends in industrial sector energy use. The next section of the report focuses on some of the largest and most energy-intensive industrial subsectors. The report also highlights several emerging technologies that could transform key segments of industry. Finally, the report presents policies, incentives, and drivers that can influence the competitiveness of U.S. industrial firms.

  13. Preparation and properties of hexagonal boron nitride fibers used as high temperature membrane filter

    SciTech Connect

    Hou, Xinmei Yu, Ziyou; Li, Yang; Chou, Kuo-Chih

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • h-BN fibers were successfully fabricated using H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} and C{sub 3}H{sub 6}N{sub 6} as raw materials. • The obtained BN fibers were polycrystalline and uniform in morphology. • It exhibited good oxidation resistance and low thermal expansion coefficient. - Abstract: Hexagonal boron nitride fibers were synthesized via polymeric precursor method using boric acid (H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}) and melamine (C{sub 3}H{sub 6}N{sub 6}) as raw materials. The precursor fibers were synthesized by water bath and BN fibers were prepared from the precursor at 1873 K for 3 h in flowing nitrogen atmosphere. The crystalline phase and microstructures of BN fibers were examined by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and high resolution electron microscopy. The results showed that h-BN fibers with uniform morphology were successfully fabricated. The well-synthesized BN fibers were polycrystalline with 0.4–1.5 μm in diameter and 200–500 μm in length. The as-prepared samples exhibited good oxidation resistance and low thermal expansion coefficient at high temperature.

  14. EA-1497: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Strategic Petroleum Reserve West Hackberry Facility Raw Water Intake Pipeline Replacement, Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes, Louisiana

  15. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.5 Merchandise Trade Value (Million Dollars a ) Petroleum b Energy c Non- Energy Balance Total Merchandise Exports Imports Balance Exports Imports Balance Exports Imports Balance 1974 Total ................ 792 24,668 -23,876 3,444 25,454 -22,010 18,126 99,437 103,321 -3,884 1975 Total ................ 907 25,197 -24,289 4,470 26,476 -22,006 31,557 108,856 99,305 9,551 1980 Total ................ 2,833 78,637 -75,803 7,982 82,924 -74,942 55,246 225,566 245,262 -19,696 1985 Total

  16. Effects of ethanol on small engines and the environment

    SciTech Connect

    Bettis, M.D.

    1995-01-09

    With the support of the Missouri Corn Merchandising Council and the Department of Energy, Northwest Missouri State University conducted an applied research project to investigate the effects of the commercially available ethanol/gasoline fuel blend on small engines. The study attempted to identify any problems when using the 10% ethanol/gasoline blend in engines designed for gasoline and provide solutions to the problems identified. Fuel economy, maximum power, internal component wear, exhaust emissions and engine efficiency were studied.

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.7 Appliances

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    7 Commercial Refrigeration - Annual Primary Energy Consumption Equipment Type Percent of Total Supermarket Refrigeration 56% Walk-Ins 12% Reach-Ins 9% Refrigerated Vending Machines 8% Ice Machines 7% Beverage Merchandisers 4% Food Service Equipment 4% Total Source(s): 1.23 Quad DOE/EERE/Navigant Consulting, Energy Savings Potential and R&D Opportunities for Commercial Refrigeration, Sept. 2009, Figure 1-2, p. 17

  18. Ceramic Processing

    SciTech Connect

    EWSUK,KEVIN G.

    1999-11-24

    Ceramics represent a unique class of materials that are distinguished from common metals and plastics by their: (1) high hardness, stiffness, and good wear properties (i.e., abrasion resistance); (2) ability to withstand high temperatures (i.e., refractoriness); (3) chemical durability; and (4) electrical properties that allow them to be electrical insulators, semiconductors, or ionic conductors. Ceramics can be broken down into two general categories, traditional and advanced ceramics. Traditional ceramics include common household products such as clay pots, tiles, pipe, and bricks, porcelain china, sinks, and electrical insulators, and thermally insulating refractory bricks for ovens and fireplaces. Advanced ceramics, also referred to as ''high-tech'' ceramics, include products such as spark plug bodies, piston rings, catalyst supports, and water pump seals for automobiles, thermally insulating tiles for the space shuttle, sodium vapor lamp tubes in streetlights, and the capacitors, resistors, transducers, and varistors in the solid-state electronics we use daily. The major differences between traditional and advanced ceramics are in the processing tolerances and cost. Traditional ceramics are manufactured with inexpensive raw materials, are relatively tolerant of minor process deviations, and are relatively inexpensive. Advanced ceramics are typically made with more refined raw materials and processing to optimize a given property or combination of properties (e.g., mechanical, electrical, dielectric, optical, thermal, physical, and/or magnetic) for a given application. Advanced ceramics generally have improved performance and reliability over traditional ceramics, but are typically more expensive. Additionally, advanced ceramics are typically more sensitive to the chemical and physical defects present in the starting raw materials, or those that are introduced during manufacturing.

  19. EVOLVING RETRIEVAL ALGORITHMS WITH A GENETIC PROGRAMMING SCHEME

    SciTech Connect

    J. THEILER; ET AL

    1999-06-01

    The retrieval of scene properties (surface temperature, material type, vegetation health, etc.) from remotely sensed data is the ultimate goal of many earth observing satellites. The algorithms that have been developed for these retrievals are informed by physical models of how the raw data were generated. This includes models of radiation as emitted and/or rejected by the scene, propagated through the atmosphere, collected by the optics, detected by the sensor, and digitized by the electronics. To some extent, the retrieval is the inverse of this ''forward'' modeling problem. But in contrast to this forward modeling, the practical task of making inferences about the original scene usually requires some ad hoc assumptions, good physical intuition, and a healthy dose of trial and error. The standard MTI data processing pipeline will employ algorithms developed with this traditional approach. But we will discuss some preliminary research on the use of a genetic programming scheme to ''evolve'' retrieval algorithms. Such a scheme cannot compete with the physical intuition of a remote sensing scientist, but it may be able to automate some of the trial and error. In this scenario, a training set is used, which consists of multispectral image data and the associated ''ground truth;'' that is, a registered map of the desired retrieval quantity. The genetic programming scheme attempts to combine a core set of image processing primitives to produce an IDL (Interactive Data Language) program which estimates this retrieval quantity from the raw data.

  20. Preliminary Economics for the Production of Pyrolysis Oil from Lignin in a Cellulosic Ethanol Biorefinery

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, Susanne B.; Zhu, Yunhua

    2009-04-01

    Cellulosic ethanol biorefinery economics can be potentially improved by converting by-product lignin into high valued products. Cellulosic biomass is composed mainly of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. In a cellulosic ethanol biorefinery, cellulose and hemicellullose are converted to ethanol via fermentation. The raw lignin portion is the partially dewatered stream that is separated from the product ethanol and contains lignin, unconverted feed and other by-products. It can be burned as fuel for the plant or can be diverted into higher-value products. One such higher-valued product is pyrolysis oil, a fuel that can be further upgraded into motor gasoline fuels. While pyrolysis of pure lignin is not a good source of pyrolysis liquids, raw lignin containing unconverted feed and by-products may have potential as a feedstock. This report considers only the production of the pyrolysis oil and does not estimate the cost of upgrading that oil into synthetic crude oil or finished gasoline and diesel. A techno-economic analysis for the production of pyrolysis oil from raw lignin was conducted. comparing two cellulosic ethanol fermentation based biorefineries. The base case is the NREL 2002 cellulosic ethanol design report case where 2000 MTPD of corn stover is fermented to ethanol (NREL 2002). In the base case, lignin is separated from the ethanol product, dewatered, and burned to produce steam and power. The alternate case considered in this report dries the lignin, and then uses fast pyrolysis to generate a bio-oil product. Steam and power are generated in this alternate case by burning some of the corn stover feed, rather than fermenting it. This reduces the annual ethanol production rate from 69 to 54 million gallons/year. Assuming a pyrolysis oil value similar to Btu-adjusted residual oil, the estimated ethanol selling price ranges from $1.40 to $1.48 (2007 $) depending upon the yield of pyrolysis oil. This is considerably above the target minimum ethanol selling

  1. Self-reliant cities: energy and the transformation of urban America

    SciTech Connect

    Morris, D.

    1982-01-01

    An urban strategist looks at the patterns of urban energy use through history and offers a blueprint for urban survival in a resource-conscious age. Morris follows the evolution of American cities from self-sufficient frontier villages to compact city cores, which vanished when the automobile created suburban towns without centers, separated home from workplace, and removed the production of goods from their consumption. Transmission of electricity at nominal cost brought energy across increasing distances for energy-hungry consumers. Since the 1973 oil embargo, communities have faced the twin problems of rising energy costs and deepening resource shortages. Morris envisions a near-future city where production and consumption are closely linked and where the wastes of one process are the raw materials of another. 87 references, 4 figures, 3 tables.

  2. A satellite remote sensing technique for geological structure horizon mapping

    SciTech Connect

    Fraser, A.; Huggins, P.; Rees, J.

    1996-08-01

    A Satellite Remote Sensing Technique is demonstrated for generating near surface geological structure data. This technique enables the screening of large areas and targeting of seismic acquisition during hydrocarbon exploration. This is of particular advantage in terrains where surveying is logistically difficult. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data and a high resolution Digital Elevation Model (DEM), are used to identify and map outcropping horizons. These are used to reconstruct the near surface structure. The technique is applied in Central Yemen which is characterised by a {open_quote}layer-cake{close_quote} geological and low dipping terrain. The results are validated using 2D seismic data. The near surface map images faults and structure not apparent in the raw data. Comparison with the structure map generated from a 2D seismic data indicates very good structural and fault correlation. The near surface map successfully highlights areas of potential closure at reservoir depths.

  3. Cefic seeks energy liberalization, expects positive 1996

    SciTech Connect

    Alperowicz, N.

    1996-06-26

    At the recent general assembly of the European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic) in Amsterdam, president Simon de Bree urged the Council of Energy Minsters of the European Union to help boost the competitive position of the European chemical industry and other manufacturing industries. {open_quotes}The European Commission has the power to do something and could enforce electricity liberalization,{close_quotes} says Rudy van der Meer, chairman of the Dutch chemical industry association and board member of Akzo Nobel. Addressing the subject of competitiveness of the European chemical industry, de Bree, who is chairman of DSM, called for an extension of the European pipeline network, especially with multiproduct carriers. {open_quotes}These enable producers to exchange raw materials and semifinished goods on a large scale ... and strengthen [the industry`s] worldwide competitiveness.{close_quotes}

  4. Vacuum-free laminated top electrode with conductive tapes for scalable manufacturing of efficient perovskite solar cells

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Shao, Yuchuan; Wang, Qi; Dong, Qingfeng; Yuan, Yongbo; Huang, Jinsong

    2015-06-25

    The efficiency of organometal trihalide perovskites (OTP) solar cells have reached that parity of single crystal silicon, and its nature abundant raw material and solution-process capability promise a bright future for commercialization. However, the vacuum based techniques for metal electrode deposition and additional encapsulation layer increase the cost of the perovskite solar cells dramatically and impede their commercialization process. Here, we report a vacuum-free low temperature lamination technique to fabricate the top electrode by commercial conductive tapes (C-tape). The simple fabrication method yields good quality contact and high efficiency device of 12.7%. The C-tapes also encapsulated the devices effectively, resultingmore » in greatly improved device stability. As a result, the combination of lamination of electrodes and encapsulation layers into a single step significantly reduce the cost of device fabrication.« less

  5. Vacuum-free laminated top electrode with conductive tapes for scalable manufacturing of efficient perovskite solar cells

    SciTech Connect

    Shao, Yuchuan; Wang, Qi; Dong, Qingfeng; Yuan, Yongbo; Huang, Jinsong

    2015-06-25

    The efficiency of organometal trihalide perovskites (OTP) solar cells have reached that parity of single crystal silicon, and its nature abundant raw material and solution-process capability promise a bright future for commercialization. However, the vacuum based techniques for metal electrode deposition and additional encapsulation layer increase the cost of the perovskite solar cells dramatically and impede their commercialization process. Here, we report a vacuum-free low temperature lamination technique to fabricate the top electrode by commercial conductive tapes (C-tape). The simple fabrication method yields good quality contact and high efficiency device of 12.7%. The C-tapes also encapsulated the devices effectively, resulting in greatly improved device stability. As a result, the combination of lamination of electrodes and encapsulation layers into a single step significantly reduce the cost of device fabrication.

  6. GPAW - massively parallel electronic structure calculations with Python-based software.

    SciTech Connect

    Enkovaara, J.; Romero, N.; Shende, S.; Mortensen, J.

    2011-01-01

    Electronic structure calculations are a widely used tool in materials science and large consumer of supercomputing resources. Traditionally, the software packages for these kind of simulations have been implemented in compiled languages, where Fortran in its different versions has been the most popular choice. While dynamic, interpreted languages, such as Python, can increase the effciency of programmer, they cannot compete directly with the raw performance of compiled languages. However, by using an interpreted language together with a compiled language, it is possible to have most of the productivity enhancing features together with a good numerical performance. We have used this approach in implementing an electronic structure simulation software GPAW using the combination of Python and C programming languages. While the chosen approach works well in standard workstations and Unix environments, massively parallel supercomputing systems can present some challenges in porting, debugging and profiling the software. In this paper we describe some details of the implementation and discuss the advantages and challenges of the combined Python/C approach. We show that despite the challenges it is possible to obtain good numerical performance and good parallel scalability with Python based software.

  7. Raft River Idaho Magnetotelluric Data

    SciTech Connect

    Gregory Nash

    2015-05-13

    Raw magnetotelluric (MT) data covering the geothermal system at Raft River, Idaho. The data was acquired by Quantec Geoscience. This is a zipped file containing .edi raw MT data files.

  8. Slide 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    16 CAMS operated by TCEQ Method: Statistical analysis of raw ozone data (part I) and ... region" (NFR) 7 Methods Part I: Statistical evaluation of trends in the raw ozone ...

  9. ARM - Datastreams - pars2

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Raw drop size distribution Counts rawspectrum ( time, particlesize, rawfallvelocity ) Temperature in sensor degC sensortemperature ( time ) Sensor voltage volt ...

  10. Buckeye Silicon | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ohio Zip: 43606 Sector: Renewable Energy, Services, Solar Product: Consulting; Manufacturing;Raw materialsextraction;Refining;Research and development Website:...

  11. Method of operating an oil shale kiln

    DOEpatents

    Reeves, Adam A.

    1978-05-23

    Continuously determining the bulk density of raw and retorted oil shale, the specific gravity of the raw oil shale and the richness of the raw oil shale provides accurate means to control process variables of the retorting of oil shale, predicting oil production, determining mining strategy, and aids in controlling shale placement in the kiln for the retorting.

  12. Overview of interstate hydrogen pipeline systems.

    SciTech Connect

    Gillette, J .L.; Kolpa, R. L

    2008-02-01

    The use of hydrogen in the energy sector of the United States is projected to increase significantly in the future. Current uses are predominantly in the petroleum refining sector, with hydrogen also being used in the manufacture of chemicals and other specialized products. Growth in hydrogen consumption is likely to appear in the refining sector, where greater quantities of hydrogen will be required as the quality of the raw crude decreases, and in the mining and processing of tar sands and other energy resources that are not currently used at a significant level. Furthermore, the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel has been proposed both by automobile manufacturers and the federal government. Assuming that the use of hydrogen will significantly increase in the future, there would be a corresponding need to transport this material. A variety of production technologies are available for making hydrogen, and there are equally varied raw materials. Potential raw materials include natural gas, coal, nuclear fuel, and renewables such as solar, wind, or wave energy. As these raw materials are not uniformly distributed throughout the United States, it would be necessary to transport either the raw materials or the hydrogen long distances to the appropriate markets. While hydrogen may be transported in a number of possible forms, pipelines currently appear to be the most economical means of moving it in large quantities over great distances. One means of controlling hydrogen pipeline costs is to use common rights-of-way (ROWs) whenever feasible. For that reason, information on hydrogen pipelines is the focus of this document. Many of the features of hydrogen pipelines are similar to those of natural gas pipelines. Furthermore, as hydrogen pipeline networks expand, many of the same construction and operating features of natural gas networks would be replicated. As a result, the description of hydrogen pipelines will be very similar to that of natural gas pipelines

  13. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Merchandise Trade Value (Billion Dollars a ) Imports and Exports, 1974-2015 Imports and Exports, Monthly Trade Balance, 1974-2015 Trade Balance, Monthly a Prices are not adjusted for inflation. S ee "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. Source: Table 1.5. 12 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Energy Exports 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 J F MA M J J A S

  14. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.7 Appliances

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    8 Commercial Refrigeration - Installed Base and Total Energy Consumption by Type Equipment Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Display Cases 2,100 214 Compressor Racks 140 373 Condensers 140 50 Walk-Ins 245 51 Walk-In Coolers and Freezers (Non-Supermarket) 755 148 Food Preperation and Service Equipment 1,516 55 Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers 2,712 106 Beverage Merchandisers 920 45 Ice Machines 1,491 84 Refrigerated Vending Machines 3,816 100 Total 1225 Note(s): Source(s): Installed Total

  15. Hydrothermal synthesis of Mn vanadate nanosheets and visible-light photocatalytic performance for the degradation of methyl blue

    SciTech Connect

    Pei, L.Z. Xie, Y.K.; Pei, Y.Q.; Jiang, Y.X.; Yu, H.Y.; Cai, Z.Y.

    2013-07-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: Mn vanadate nanosheets have been synthesized by simple hydrothermal process. The formation of Mn vanadate nanosheets can be controlled by growth conditions. Mn vanadate nanosheets exhibit good photocatalytic activities for methyl blue. - Abstract: Mn vanadate nanosheets have been synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route using ammonium metavanadate and Mn acetate as the raw materials, polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) as the surfactant. X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows that the Mn vanadate nanosheets are composed of monoclinic MnV{sub 2}O{sub 6} phase. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation indicates that the nanosheets have the average thickness of about 50 nm, length of 210 ?m and width of 800 nm to 2 ?m. The growth process of the Mn vanadate nanosheets has also been discussed based on the analysis of the roles of the growth conditions on the formation of the Mn vanadate nanosheets. The nanosheets show good photocatalytic activities for the degradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. About 72.96% MB can be degraded after visible light irradiation for 1 h over 10 mg Mn vanadate nanosheets in 10 mL MB solution with the concentration of 10 mg L{sup ?1}.

  16. Particle count monitoring of reverse osmosis water treatment for removal of low-level radionuclides

    SciTech Connect

    Moritz, E.J.; Hoffman, C.R.; Hergert, T.R.

    1995-03-01

    Laser diode particle counting technology and analytical measurements were used to evaluate a pilot-scale reverse osmosis (RO) water treatment system for removal of particulate matter and sub-picocurie low-level radionuclides. Stormwater mixed with Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) effluent from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS), formerly a Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear weapons production facility, were treated. No chemical pretreatment of the water was utilized during this study. The treatment system was staged as follows: multimedia filtration, granular activated carbon adsorption, hollow tube ultrafiltration, and reverse osmosis membrane filtration. Various recovery rates and two RO membrane models were tested. Analytical measurements included total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), gross alpha ({alpha}) and gross beta ({beta}) activity, uranium isotopes {sup 233/234}U and {sup 238}U, plutonium {sup 239/240}Pu, and americium {sup 241}Am. Particle measurement between 1--150 microns ({mu}) included differential particle counts (DPC), and total particle counts (TPC) before and after treatment at various sampling points throughout the test. Performance testing showed this treatment system produced a high quality effluent in clarity and purity. Compared to raw water levels, TSS was reduced to below detection of 5 milligrams per liter (mg/L) and TDS reduced by 98%. Gross {alpha} was essentially removed 100%, and gross {beta} was reduced an average of 94%. Uranium activity was reduced by 99%. TPC between 1-150{mu} were reduced by an average 99.8% to less than 1,000 counts per milliliter (mL), similar in purity to a good drinking water treatment plant. Raw water levels of {sup 239/240}Pu and {sup 241}Am were below reliable quantitation limits and thus no removal efficiencies could be determined for these species.

  17. Graphite matrix materials for nuclear waste isolation

    SciTech Connect

    Morgan, W.C.

    1981-06-01

    At low temperatures, graphites are chemically inert to all but the strongest oxidizing agents. The raw materials from which artificial graphites are produced are plentiful and inexpensive. Morover, the physical properties of artificial graphites can be varied over a very wide range by the choice of raw materials and manufacturing processes. Manufacturing processes are reviewed herein, with primary emphasis on those processes which might be used to produce a graphite matrix for the waste forms. The approach, recommended herein, involves the low-temperature compaction of a finely ground powder produced from graphitized petroleum coke. The resultant compacts should have fairly good strength, low permeability to both liquids and gases, and anisotropic physical properties. In particular, the anisotropy of the thermal expansion coefficients and the thermal conductivity should be advantageous for this application. With two possible exceptions, the graphite matrix appears to be superior to the metal alloy matrices which have been recommended in prior studies. The two possible exceptions are the requirements on strength and permeability; both requirements will be strongly influenced by the containment design, including the choice of materials and the waste form, of the multibarrier package. Various methods for increasing the strength, and for decreasing the permeability of the matrix, are reviewed and discussed in the sections in Incorporation of Other Materials and Elimination of Porosity. However, it would be premature to recommend a particular process until the overall multi-barrier design is better defined. It is recommended that increased emphasis be placed on further development of the low-temperature compacted graphite matrix concept.

  18. Self-standing elastomeric composites based on lithium ferrites and their dielectric behavior

    SciTech Connect

    Soreto Teixeira, S.; Graça, M. P. F.; Costa, L. C.; Dionisio, M.; Ilcíkova, M.; Mosnacek, J.; Spitalsky, Z.; Krupa, I.

    2014-12-14

    Lithium ferrite (LiFe{sub 5}O{sub 8}) is an attractive material for technological applications due to its physical properties, which are significantly dependent on the preparation method and raw materials. In this work, LiFe{sub 5}O{sub 8} crystallites were obtained by controlled heat-treatment process at 1100 °C, of a homogeneous mixture of Li{sub 2}O-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders, prepared by wet ball-milling and using lithium and iron nitrates as raw materials. The main goal was the preparation of a flexible and self-standing tick composite film by embedding lithium ferrite particles in a polymeric matrix, taking advantage of the good mechanical properties of the polymer and of the electrical and dielectric properties of the ferrite. The selected polymer matrix was styrene-b-isoprene-b-styrene copolymer. To prepare the composites, the lithium ferrite particles were chemically modified in order to functionalize their surface. To analyse the influence of the particles surface modification, different composites were made, with modified and unmodified particles. The structure of the obtained composites was studied by FTIR, XRD, TGA, and DSC techniques. The dielectric properties were analysed, in the frequency range between 10 Hz and 1 MHz and in function of temperature in the range between −73 °C and 127 °C. These properties were related with the structure and concentration of the particles in the matrix network. The composites with the modified particles present higher dielectric constant, maintaining values of loss tangent sufficiently low (<10{sup −2}) that can be considered interesting for technological applications.

  19. Three-Dimensional Composite Nanostructures for Lean NOx Emission Control

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, Pu-Xian

    2013-07-31

    This final report to the Department of Energy (DOE) and National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) for DE-EE0000210 covers the period from October 1, 2009 to July 31, 2013. Under this project, DOE awarded UConn about $1,248,242 to conduct the research and development on a new class of 3D composite nanostructure based catalysts for lean NOx emission control. Much of the material presented here has already been submitted to DOE/NETL in quarterly technical reports. In this project, through a scalable solution process, we have successfully fabricated a new class of catalytic reactors, i.e., the composite nanostructure array (nano-array) based catalytic converters. These nanocatalysts, distinct from traditional powder washcoat based catalytic converters, directly integrate monolithic substrates together with nanostructures with well-defined size and shape during the scalable hydrothermal process. The new monolithic nanocatalysts are demonstrated to be able to save raw materials including Pt-group metals and support metal oxides by an order of magnitude, while perform well at various oxidation (e.g., CO oxidation and NO oxidation) and reduction reactions (H{sub 2} reduction of NOx) involved in the lean NOx emissions. The size, shape and arrangement of the composite nanostructures within the monolithic substrates are found to be the key in enabling the drastically reduced materials usage while maintaining the good catalytic reactivity in the enabled devices. The further understanding of the reaction kinetics associated with the unique mass transport and surface chemistry behind is needed for further optimizing the design and fabrication of good nanostructure array based catalytic converters. On the other hand, the high temperature stability, hydrothermal aging stability, as well as S-poisoning resistance have been investigated in this project on the nanocatalysts, which revealed promising results toward good chemical and mechanical robustness, as well as S

  20. Results and Lessons Learned From the DOE Commercial Building Partnerships: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Hirsch, A.; Deru, M.; Langner, R.; Stark, G.; Doebber, I.; Scheib, J.; Sheppy, M.; Bonnema, E.; Pless, S.; Livingood, B.; Torcellini, P.

    2014-09-01

    Over the course of 5 years, NREL worked with commercial building owners and their design teams in the DOE Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) to cut energy consumption by 50% in new construction (versus code) and by 30% in existing building pilot projects (versus code or pre-retrofit operational energy use depending on the preference of the Partner) using strategies that could be replicated across their building portfolios. A number of different building types were addressed, including supermarket, retail merchandise, combination big box (general merchandise and food sales), high rise office space, and warehouse. The projects began in pre-design and included a year of measurement data to evaluate performance against design expectations. Focused attention was required throughout the entire process to achieve a design with the potential to hit the energy performance target and to operate the resulting building to reach this potential. This paper will report quantitative results and cover both the technical and the human sides of CBP, including the elements that were required to succeed and where stumbling blocks were encountered. It will also address the impact of energy performance goals and intensive energy modeling on the design process innovations and best practices.

  1. RESEARCH ON CARBON PRODUCTS FROM COAL USING AN EXTRACTIVE PROCESS

    SciTech Connect

    Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo; Chong Chen; Brian Bland; David Fenton

    2002-03-31

    This report presents the results of a one-year effort directed at the exploration of the use of coal as a feedstock for a variety of industrially-relevant carbon products. The work was basically divided into three focus areas. The first area dealt with the acquisition of laboratory equipment to aid in the analysis and characterization of both the raw coal and the coal-derived feedstocks. Improvements were also made on the coal-extraction pilot plant which will now allow larger quantities of feedstock to be produced. Mass and energy balances were also performed on the pilot plant in an attempt to evaluate the scale-up potential of the process. The second focus area dealt with exploring hydrogenation conditions specifically aimed at testing several less-expensive candidate hydrogen-donor solvents. Through a process of filtration and vacuum distillation, viable pitch products were produced and evaluated. Moreover, a recycle solvent was also isolated so that the overall solvent balance in the system could be maintained. The effect of variables such as gas pressure and gas atmosphere were evaluated. The pitch product was analyzed and showed low ash content, reasonable yield, good coking value and a coke with anisotropic optical texture. A unique plot of coke yield vs. pitch softening point was discovered to be independent of reaction conditions or hydrogen-donor solvent. The third area of research centered on the investigation of alternate extraction solvents and processing conditions for the solvent extraction step. A wide variety of solvents, co-solvents and enhancement additives were tested with varying degrees of success. For the extraction of raw coal, the efficacy of the alternate solvents when compared to the benchmark solvent, N-methyl pyrrolidone, was not good. However when the same coal was partially hydrogenated prior to solvent extraction, all solvents showed excellent results even for extractions performed at room temperature. Standard analyses of the

  2. New supply for canyon fire foam system

    SciTech Connect

    Gainey, T.

    1995-01-01

    The raw water supply for the B-Plant Canyon fire foam system is being replaced. The 4 inche water supply line to the foam system is being rerouted from the 6 inches raw water line in the Pipe Gallery to the 10 inches raw water main in the Operating Gallery. This document states the acceptance criteria for the flushing and testing to be performed by the contractor.

  3. Kailun PV | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    enterprise with limited liabilities incorporated in Jining, Shandong Province engaged in research, development and production of higy purity silicon raw material. References:...

  4. ARM - Datastreams - wacrspecmom

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    by this product are those considered scientifically relevant. Measurement Variable Radar Doppler raw Locations Southern Great Plains SGP C1 Browse Data Central Facility,...

  5. ARM - Data Announcements Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    atmospheric phenomena that must be retrieved and corrected for. The Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates (CMAC) value-added product contains both raw data and fields that have...

  6. Albabio SL | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    SL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Albabio SL Place: Almeria, Spain Product: Biodiesel producer using used vegetable oils and animal fat as raw material Coordinates:...

  7. Phycal LLC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Park Place: Highland Heights, Ohio Zip: 44143 Sector: Biofuels, Biomass Product: Agriculture; Raw materialsextraction; Research and development Phone Number: 440-460-2477...

  8. United Nations Atomic Energy Commission stalls out

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The United Nations Security Council should be the organization to which the envisioned ... The Acheson-Lilienthal Report proposed strict control of the raw materials needed for ...

  9. Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Much of the cost of manufacturing is embedded in the raw materials and sub-assemblies that ... is a Regional Transmission Organization within the Eastern Interconnection. ...

  10. Production of Giant magnetocaloric Substances Using Commercially...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Production of Giant magnetocaloric Substances Using Commercially Available Raw Materials ... To: Stacy Joiner *Name: *Email Address: Phone Number: Organization: ...

  11. Section I

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... an independent Contractor, authorized to act on behalf of the organization. Contract No. ... technology will become, a source of raw materials. (b) Unless this contract otherwise ...

  12. fe0013999-MIT | netl.doe.gov

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The system is now functional and capable of operating at pressures high enough to form xenon hydrate. Raw split-beam echosounder and multibeam echosounder acoustic data collected ...

  13. Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of...

    Energy Saver

    category of hazardous waste to landfill, which is driven by the upstream energy and environment impacts from the manufacturing of the aluminum from raw materials. Although...

  14. The Mesabi Nugget Research Project New Ironmaking Technology of the Future: High Quality Iron Nuggets Using a Rotary Hearth Furnace

    SciTech Connect

    2004-07-01

    The manufacture of steel involves many energy intensive processes that consume raw or recycled materials, such as iron ore and scrap metal, from around the world.

  15. New Jersey: EERE-Supported Technology Lowers GHG Emissions 70...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    company, developed a strong and durable concrete that costs less and uses less time, energy, and water than standard concrete, using the same raw materials and equipment. ...

  16. MicroBooNE TPC Wires Image Map

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    These are not the Raw photos - photos posted here have been processed through Photoshop: images are mirror-flipped and then rotated to an orientation similar to the...

  17. DYNAMIC MANUFACTURING ENERGY SANKEY TOOL (2010, UNITS: TRILLION...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    including the energy value of fuels used as raw materials (feedstocks). The underlying data source for Manufacturing Energy Flows is the Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints. ...

  18. GE Wins Manufacturing Leadership Award |GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and optimize the sourcing, production, flow and inventory of complex oil and gas raw materials, components and final products for installation and servicing at customer sites....

  19. How 3D Printers Work | Department of Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    blueprint is created, the printer needs to be prepared. This includes refilling the raw materials (such as plastics, metal powders or binding solutions) and preparing the build...

  20. SF 6432-LA Standard Terms and Conditions for Fixed Price Contracts...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    (1) All supplies (which term throughout this Clause includes without limitation raw materials, components, intermediate assemblies, and end products) shall be subject to...

  1. Opean Ventures Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Product: London-based firm investing in the renewable energy and solar raw materials supply markets. Coordinates: 51.506325, -0.127144 Show Map Loading map......

  2. EFFECTS OF SODIUM AND CALCIUM IN LIGNITE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    use PAC for controlling DBPs. Activated carbons can be produced from a variety of raw materials, including wood, peat, coconut husks, and numerous types of coal. The Energy &...

  3. SF 6432-FP ( -94)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    (1) All supplies (which term throughout this Clause includes without limitation raw materials, components, intermediate assemblies, and end products) shall be subject to...

  4. Woodling, Krost and Rust | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Product: Business and legal services; Raw materialsextraction; Trainining and education;Other:Patents Phone Number: 440-256-4150 Website: www.clevepat.com Coordinates:...

  5. Technischer Warenhandel Heller | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Heller Place: Germany Product: A trade agency for quartz, raw silicon, ingots, wafers, cells and modules. References: Technischer Warenhandel Heller1 This article is a stub. You...

  6. A

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Btu, as raw material feedstocks for making nonenergy products, respectively). Total fuel oil consumption accounted for as well as fuel uses. It excludes the energy produced at...

  7. Process Improvement to Biomass Pretreatment for Fuels and Chemicals...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... option for RBPDs concept Ammonia Fiber Expansion (AFEX) 8 Raw Biomass AFEX Pellets * AFEX pellets 9-fold denser than biomass * Stable, storable, readily transportable Reaction ...

  8. Practical and fast quantum random number generation based on photon arrival time relative to external reference

    SciTech Connect

    Nie, You-Qi; Zhang, Jun Pan, Jian-Wei; Zhang, Hong-Fei; Wang, Jian; Zhang, Zhen; Ma, Xiongfeng

    2014-02-03

    We present a practical high-speed quantum random number generator, where the timing of single-photon detection relative to an external time reference is measured as the raw data. The bias of the raw data can be substantially reduced compared with the previous realizations. The raw random bit rate of our generator can reach 109 Mbps. We develop a model for the generator and evaluate the min-entropy of the raw data. Toeplitz matrix hashing is applied for randomness extraction, after which the final random bits are able to pass the standard randomness tests.

  9. Alameda County, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dean Power Air Corp formerly Fortune Partners Pract Engineering Primus Power Qnovo Quantum Consulting s founders RCM Digesters REFUsol, Inc. Radiant Energy RawSolar Redwood...

  10. Berkeley, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Berkeley Lab Nordic Windpower LLC Northern California Solar Energy Association NCSEA Quantum Consulting s founders RCM Digesters RawSolar Solar Millennium LLC USA SolarNexus...

  11. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    Annual Energy Outlook

    29, 2015 Five Selected Models to Forecast Imported Refiners Acquisition Cost, ... market model * Uses WTI futures curve to project changes in IRAC 5. Industrial raw ...

  12. EECBG_10-021_Eligibility_Guidance_010411

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Frequently Asked Question: Health and Safety ... raw materials or food) or agricultural (used for the production, processing, sale, ... The activity must impact buildings or ...

  13. DOE/SC-ARM-14-005 ARM Climate Research Facility DMF Quarterly...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    (SASHE) VAP processing and archival * Started migrating servicesprocesses to RedHat 6 (ECO-867) * Moved radar spectra filtering off site * Updated collections for raw data flow...

  14. (trident.pdf)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... pose minimal overhead in comparison to raw SQL operations. 3 Schemas The framework we ... Information is gathered and formed into SQL statements ("insert" statements when we are ...

  15. Stockbridge-Munsee Health & Wellness Center and Family Center...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... raw material extraction, manufacturing, ... site energy loads are based on the predicted amount of ... for space heating or hot water. 3. Heat pump for heating ...

  16. PNNL: About PNNL - Achievements and Awards

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... manufacturing for primary hot forming processes such as ... Contact: Allison Campbell. SIM is a novel water-based technique ... of raw material extraction, processing, ...

  17. Assessment of Future Vehicle Transportation Options and Their...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... One important motivating factor for this approach is that tar sands oil is more carbon ... cycle to include raw materials extraction, processing, fabrication, assembly and ...

  18. SANDIA REPORT

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... and saline water extraction options for a region ... (2) Cretaceous beach sands (Dakota sandstone and the ... produced water from the oil and gas industry as a raw ...

  19. DOE Offers Support for Innovative Manufacturing Plant That Will...

    Energy Saver

    Their vertically integrated process, from raw materials processing all the way through solar cell production, uses lower cost (50 percent less expensive) lower quality materials ...

  20. Sinosteel Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    engaged in developing and processing of metallurgical mineral resources, trading and logistics of metallurgical raw materials and products, and related engineering technical...

  1. Batteries - Beyond Lithium Ion Breakout session

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    raw material processing capability available to support ultimate production scale-up (esp. ... new problems that need to be solved (esp. high-cost ones) * 12 - Defining what ...

  2. Raft River Geothermal Field Well Head Brine Sample

    SciTech Connect

    Tim Lanyk

    2015-12-18

    Raw data and data workup of assay for real-world brine sample. Brine sample was taken at the well head.

  3. California's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    NCSEA Orion Energy Group Orion Energy LLC Pract Engineering Quantum Consulting s founders RCM Digesters RawSolar Renewable Funding Solar Millennium LLC USA SolarNexus...

  4. ODAS OHG | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    German company that specialises in the supply of plant based biomass raw materials to biogas facilities. Coordinates: 51.65899, 6.965215 Show Map Loading map......

  5. EO 12969: Federal Acquisition and Community Right-To-Know (1995...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Savings associated with reduced raw materials usage, reduced use of costly, inefficient end-of-pipeline pollution controls, and reduced liability and remediation costs from worker ...

  6. Uranium industry annual 1997

    SciTech Connect

    1998-04-01

    This report provides statistical data on the U.S. uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing.

  7. Wind for Schools Portal Developer Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Support Software & Downloads Wind Industry Careers Data, APIs, and Visualizations: Introduction for Aspiring Developers Are you looking to get raw data from Wind for Schools...

  8. Performance, Market and Manufacturing Constraints relevant to...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Market pricing of thermoelectric raw materials and processing, cost of manufacture of devices and systems constraints on the viability of a mass market thermoelectric product are ...

  9. Central Sun SL | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Spain Zip: 29590 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Group of companies specializing in construction, operation and sale of renewable energy plants; as well as supply of raw...

  10. URANIUM PRODUCERS OF AMERICA l4l EAsr PALAcE AVENUE, Posr OrFrcE...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... nuclear supplier should clearly exclude uranium mining companies and conversion entities. ... Uranium mining companies produce natural uranium, a raw material that cannot be used in a ...

  11. UNITED STATES GOVERNIMI~NT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    McCarvill, Chief, Physical Exploration Branch, Division of Baw : Reginald W. Bdmonds, Mining Engineer Division of Raw Naterials SUBJECT: MONAZITB DREDGING OPERATIONS AhD PLACER ...

  12. MHK ISDB/Instruments/TRDI Sentinel V | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    sampling strategies. Wireless connection to instrument. Sentinel V has the memory and ability to record all raw data. 5th beem available for data redundancy and...

  13. TYPE OF OPERATION

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ORE OR RAW WATL 0 FINAL PRODUCT 3 WASTE .?a RESIDUE n ' - . ..' . : I ,. J . . F%3Zt?ED INVOLVERENT AT SITE ------------ Control q Health Physics Protection : 0 ...

  14. OWNER(S)

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT ORE OR RAW HATL 0 FINAL PRODUCT B WASTE & RESIDUE @ . .,' ' -. . ?t ' AEWME; INVOLVEMENT AT SITE ---------------- Control Health Physics Protection . ...

  15. W. E. Mott, Director, Division of Environmental Control Technology...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    to the reassessment of the subject sites. Information supplied from files of the former Atomic Energy Commission, Division of Raw Materials, indicates the company was engaged ...

  16. PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF OLIN MATHIESON CHEMICAL CORPORATION Pasadena...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    those facilities utilized under an Atomic Energy Commission raw materials contract for a ... From information obtained from review of files of contracts and in discusjions held during ...

  17. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research, Office of ... 1 2. Preparing the Raw Input Files......

  18. 2015 APM Workshop - Sheraton Restaurant Menu_Potomac | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sheraton Restaurant Menu 2016 DOE Project Management Workshop - Hotel Dining Antje Wittenberg, Directorate General for Enterprise and Industry, The EU Raw Materials Initiative and ...

  19. 2016 DOE Project Management Workshop - Hotel Dining | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sheraton Restaurant Menu 2015 APM Workshop - Sheraton Restaurant MenuPotomac Antje Wittenberg, Directorate General for Enterprise and Industry, The EU Raw Materials Initiative and ...

  20. Sheraton Restaurant Menu | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DOE Project Management Workshop - Hotel Dining Antje Wittenberg, Directorate General for Enterprise and Industry, The EU Raw Materials Initiative and the Report of the Ad-hoc Group

  1. Qingdao DTK Industries aka Jupiter Corporation | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Qingdao, Shandong Province, China Zip: 266700 Product: Qingdao-based silicon raw material manufacturer. Coordinates: 36.087509, 120.34272 Show Map Loading map......

  2. Corn LP formerly Central Iowa Renewable Energy | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Goldfield, Iowa Zip: 50542 Product: Bioethanol producer using corn as raw material Coordinates: 37.707559, -117.233459 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"map...

  3. Unionmet Singapore Limited | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Singapore Zip: 68805 Product: A manufacturer and recycler of indium - a raw material for CIGS PV and also for most transparent conducting oxides. References: Unionmet...

  4. DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED TECHNIQUES FOR SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    These products and raw satellite images can be accessed at http:cloudsgate2.larc.nasa.gov... Authors: Minnis, Patrick 1 + Show Author Affiliations NASA Langley Research ...

  5. Microsoft Word - 1.6.1.2.J.ML.2_Qrt 2 Joule Final.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    technology will be capable of handling the variability experienced within raw biomass feedstocks. DOE has identified eight biofuel conversion pathways that the Bioenergy...

  6. Performance, Market and Manufacturing Constraints relevant to the Industrialization of Thermoelectric Devices

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Market pricing of thermoelectric raw materials and processing, cost of manufacture of devices and systems constraints on the viability of a mass market thermoelectric product are discussed

  7. Micro-Earthquake At Coso Geothermal Area (2005) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    at The Geysers and Coso Geothermal Reservoirs by Shear-wave Splitting, Rial, Elkibbi, Yang and Pereyra. The raw data for the project consists of seismographic recordings of...

  8. Micro-Earthquake At Geysers Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    at The Geysers and Coso Geothermal Reservoirs by Shear-wave Splitting, Rial, Elkibbi, Yang and Pereyra. The raw data for the project consists of seismographic recordings of...

  9. Search for: All records | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... ARM: ABLE: minisodar (mini - sound det. and ranging) wind profiles, 100-200 m, raw data Virendra Ghate ; Timothy Martin ; Richard Coulter ABLE: minisodar (mini - sound det. and ...

  10. 2013 DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) Project Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Shock Pretreatment Shock Treatment Shot gun shell Gun barrel Cone Biomass slurry Firing mechanism Shock Treatment High-pressure gas Fill Shock Dump Raw Biomass Slurry Shocked ...

  11. Selecting activated carbon for water and wastewater treatability studies

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, W.; Chang, Q.G.; Liu, W.D.; Li, B.J.; Jiang, W.X.; Fu, L.J.; Ying, W.C.

    2007-10-15

    A series of follow-up investigations were performed to produce data for improving the four-indicator carbon selection method that we developed to identify high-potential activated carbons effective for removing specific organic water pollutants. The carbon's pore structure and surface chemistry are dependent on the raw material and the activation process. Coconut carbons have relatively more small pores than large pores; coal and apricot nutshell/walnut shell fruit carbons have the desirable pore structures for removing adsorbates of all sizes. Chemical activation, excessive activation, and/or thermal reactivation enlarge small pores, resulting in reduced phenol number and higher tannic acid number. Activated carbon's phenol, iodine, methylene blue, and tannic acid numbers are convenient indicators of its surface area and pore volume of pore diameters < 10, 10-15, 15-28, and > 28 angstrom, respectively. The phenol number of a carbon is also a good indicator of its surface acidity of oxygen-containing organic functional groups that affect the adsorptive capacity for aromatic and other small polar organics. The tannic acid number is an indicator of carbon's capacity for large, high-molecular-weight natural organic precursors of disinfection by-products in water treatment. The experimental results for removing nitrobenzene, methyl-tert-butyl ether, 4,4-bisphenol, humic acid, and the organic constituents of a biologically treated coking-plant effluent have demonstrated the effectiveness of this capacity-indicator-based method of carbon selection.

  12. Preparation and characterization of zinc sulfide nanoparticles under high-gravity environment

    SciTech Connect

    Chen Jianfeng; Li Yaling; Wang Yuhong; Yun, Jimmy; Cao Dapeng

    2004-02-02

    Nanosized ZnS particles were prepared under high-gravity environment generated by the rotating packed bed reactor (RPBR) using zinc nitrate solution and hydrogen sulfide gas as raw materials. The effects of experimental conditions such as reactant concentration, reaction temperature, rotating speed of the RPBR and aging time, on the preparation of nanosized ZnS particles were investigated. A set of suitable operating parameters (the aging time of 48 h, concentration of zinc nitrate of 0.1 mol/l, reaction temperature of 45 deg. C and rotating speed of the RPBR of 1500-1800 rotation/min) for the preparation of nanosized ZnS were recommended. Under these optimum conditions, well-dispersed ZnS nanoparticles was obtained. The crystal structure, optical properties, size and morphology of the product were also characterized by XRD, UV-Vis spectrophotometer, and TEM, respectively. Results indicate that the prepared ZnS has a good absorption for light in the wavelength range of 200-330 nm. XRD analysis also shows the prepared ZnS is in a sphalerite crystal phase. The process has great potential of commercialization.

  13. Lightweight proppants for deep-gas-well stimulation. Third annual report, July 1, 1981-June 30, 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Cutler, R.A.; Enniss, D.O.; Swartz, G.C.; Jones, A.H.

    1983-04-01

    The need exists for lower-density, less-expensive proppants for use in hydraulic-fracturing treatments. Ceramics, fabricated as fully sintered or hollow spheres, are the best materials for obtaining economical proppants with adequate strength. Fabrication techniques are described for fabricating solid-porcelain proppants and hollow-ceramic proppants. Porcelain proppants made by mix-pelletization techniques have good characteristics for propping wells with closure stresses to 96.5 MPa (14,000 psi). The properties of porcelain proppants are compared with twelve commercially available or experimental proppants. Several of the proppants evaluated had adequate conductivity for most hydraulic-fracturing jobs and are less expensive than bauxite. A single-fluid nozzle, counter-current spray-drying technique was used to make hollow, spherical proppants. Alumina was used as the ceramic raw material for these spray-drying experiments, but the same technique can be used with other ceramic materials. Hollow proppants with strengths comparable to sand have been spray dried but further optimization of spray drying parameters is needed to achieve proppants with concentric voids and improved strength. Bauxite, mullite, alumina and mullite rods were fast fired in a plasma in order to see if it is feasible to sinter these materials rapidly. Fast firing appears to be an alternative method of sintering proppants and may reduce costs, thereby making proppants more cost competitive with sand. 42 figures, 20 tables.

  14. Industrial end-use forecasting that incorporates DSM and air quality

    SciTech Connect

    Tutt, T.; Flory, J.

    1995-05-01

    The California Energy Commission (CEC) and major enregy utilities in California have generally depended on simple aggregate intensity or economic models to forecast energy use in the process industry sector (which covers large industries employing basic processes to transform raw materials, such as paper mills, glass plants, and cement plants). Two recent trends suggests that the time has come to develop a more disaggregate process industry forecasting model. First, recent efforts to improve air quality, especially by the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD), could significantly affect energy use by the process industry by altering the technologies and processes employed in order to reduce emissions. Second, there is a renewed interest in Demand-Side Management (DSM), not only for utility least-cost planning, but also for improving the economic competitiveness and environmental compliance of the pro{minus}cess industries. A disaggregate forecasting model is critical to help the CEC and utilities evaluate both the air quality and DSM impacts on energy use. A crucial obstacle to the development and use of these detailed process industry forecasting models is the lack of good data about disaggregate energy use in the sector. The CEC is nearing completion of a project to begin to overcome this lack of data. The project is testing methds of developing detailed energy use data, collecting an initial database for a large portion of southern California, and providing recommendations and direction for further data collection efforts.

  15. Lightweight alumina refractory aggregate: Phase 3, Full-scale demonstration

    SciTech Connect

    Swansiger, T.G.; Pearson, A.

    1996-07-16

    Technical problems (higher than target fired density, and poor intermediate strength after burnout but before sintering) were addressed and solved; solution involved use of large loading of CP-5 alumina (controlled pore, rehydratable), increased loading of one of the binders, and a steam aging step. Resistance of the lightweight aggregate in a brick formulation to steel slag penetration was assessed in a preliminary test and found to be almost as good as that of T-64. Pelletized process economic feasibility study was updated, based on production levels of 10,000 and 20,000 mt/year, the most up- to-date raw material costs, and the assumption of a retrofit into the Arkansas plant tabular production facility. For the 10,000 mt/y production level, the required selling price of 35% more than the T- 64 selling price exceeds the {le}25% objective. The market survey will determine whether to proceed with the full scale demonstration that will produce at least 54.4 mt (120,000 lb) of the aggregate for incorporation into products, followed by end-user testing and evaluation.

  16. Tight gas reservoirs: A visual depiction

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    Future gas supplies in the US will depend on an increasing contribution from unconventional sources such as overpressured and tight gas reservoirs. Exploitation of these resources and their conversion to economically producible gas reserves represents a major challenge. Meeting this challenge will require not only the continuing development and application of new technologies, but also a detailed understanding of the complex nature of the reservoirs themselves. This report seeks to promote understanding of these reservoirs by providing examples. Examples of gas productive overpressured tight reservoirs in the Greater Green River Basin, Wyoming are presented. These examples show log data (raw and interpreted), well completion and stimulation information, and production decline curves. A sampling of wells from the Lewis and Mesaverde formations are included. Both poor and good wells have been chosen to illustrate the range of productivity that is observed. The second section of this document displays decline curves and completion details for 30 of the best wells in the Greater Green River Basin. These are included to illustrate the potential that is present when wells are fortuitously located with respect to local stratigraphy and natural fracturing, and are successfully hydraulically fractured.

  17. Low-temperature thermochemical conversion of high-moisture biomass feedstocks

    SciTech Connect

    Butner, R.S.; Sealock, L.J. Jr.; Elliott, D.C.

    1985-11-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory is carrying out a research project to investigate the thermochemical conversion of high-moisture biomass feedstocks to methane, hydrogen, and liquids. Experimental results obtained in FY 1985 indicate that good yields of methane-rich gas (exceeding 40% methane) can be produced. The reaction system utilizes low tempreatures (400 to 450/sup 0/C), high pressures, and a nickel/alkali carbonate catalyst mixture to effect the gasification of biomass slurries containing up to 95% water. Carbon conversions after 15 minutes have exceeded 90%. Methane yields in excess of 6 scf/dry ash-free pound of biomass have been obtained. Most of the feedstocks selected for investigation are not conventionally used in thermochemical conversion. Feedstocks which have been used to data include napier grass, sorghum stover, sunflower stalks, water hyacinths, and macrocystis kelp. Waste biomass from the food and beverage industries has also been used, as has the unconverted residue from an anaerobic digestor. In addition to gasification performance data obtained for each of these feedstocks, elemental analyses, ash contents, and moisture contents of the raw feedstocks were determined. 5 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Recent developments in high purity niobium metal production at CBMM

    SciTech Connect

    Abdo, Gustavo Giovanni Ribeiro Sousa, Clovis Antonio de Faria Guimarães, Rogério Contato Ribas, Rogério Marques Vieira, Alaércio Salvador Martins Menezes, Andréia Duarte Fridman, Daniel Pallos Cruz, Edmundo Burgos

    2015-12-04

    CBMM is a global supplier of high quality niobium products including pure niobium, the focus of this paper. CBMM’s position has been consolidated over three decades of producing high purity niobium metal ingots. The company supplies, among other products, commercial and reactor grade niobium ingots. One of the main uses of CBMM’s ingots is for the manufacture of particle accelerators (superconducting radio frequency – SRF – cavities), where the purity and homogeneity of niobium metal is essentially important for good performance. CBMM constantly strives to improve process controls and product quality, and is currently implementing innovations in production, research and development to further improve ingot quality. The main aim is to reduce the content of interstitial elements, such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), carbon (C), and hydrogen (H), starting with the raw materials through the final step of ingot production. CBMM held the first trial to produce the world’s largest-diameter niobium ingot (as cast 535 mm). The results of this initial trial presented very low levels of interstitial impurities (N, O, C, H), allowing the achievement of residual resistivity ratio (RRR) values very close to 300 in a six-melt process in an electron beam furnace. These values were reached with 850 ppm of tantalum. SRF cavities will be produced with this material in order to study the effect of low impurities and high RRR on the Q factor and accelerating gradient.

  19. Prediction of Frictional Pressure Drop During Water Permeation Through Packed Beds of Granular Particulates

    SciTech Connect

    KING, WILLIAM D.; ALEMAN, SEBASTIAN E.; HAMM, L. LARRY; PETTIS, MYRA A.

    2005-10-25

    A methodology has been developed based on the Kozeny-Carman equation to predict frictional pressure drops during water permeation of packed columns containing essentially noncompressible, but highly irregular particles. The resulting model accurately predicts pressure drop as a function of liquid flow rate and resin particle size for this system. A total of five particle sieve cuts across the range -20 to +70 mesh were utilized for testing using deionized water as the mobile phase. The Rosin-Rammler equation was used to fit the raw particle size data (wet sieve analysis) for the as-received resin sample and generate a continuous cumulative distribution function based on weight percent passing through the sieve. Probability distribution functions were calculated from the cumulative distribution for each particle sieve cut tested. Nine particle diameter definitions (i.e., number mean, volume mean, etc.) were then selected from the distribution function for each sample to represent the average spherically-equivalent particle diameter as input to the Kozeny-Carman equation. Nonlinear least squares optimization of the normalized pressure drop residuals were performed by parameter estimation of particle shape factor and bed porosity for all samples simultaneously using a given average particle diameter definition. Good fits to the full experimental data set were obtained when utilizing the number mean and the number median diameters. However, the shape factor and porosity values of 0.88 and 0.40, respectively, obtained from fitting the data using the number mean diameter were more consistent with experimental observations.

  20. Accurate high level ab initio-based global potential energy surface and dynamics calculations for ground state of CH{sub 2}{sup +}

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Y. Q.; Zhang, P. Y.; Han, K. L.

    2015-03-28

    A global many-body expansion potential energy surface is reported for the electronic ground state of CH{sub 2}{sup +} by fitting high level ab initio energies calculated at the multireference configuration interaction level with the aug-cc-pV6Z basis set. The topographical features of the new global potential energy surface are examined in detail and found to be in good agreement with those calculated directly from the raw ab initio energies, as well as previous calculations available in the literature. In turn, in order to validate the potential energy surface, a test theoretical study of the reaction CH{sup +}(X{sup 1}Σ{sup +})+H({sup 2}S)→C{sup +}({sup 2}P)+H{sub 2}(X{sup 1}Σ{sub g}{sup +}) has been carried out with the method of time dependent wavepacket on the title potential energy surface. The total integral cross sections and the rate coefficients have been calculated; the results determined that the new potential energy surface can both be recommended for dynamics studies of any type and as building blocks for constructing the potential energy surfaces of larger C{sup +}/H containing systems.