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Sample records for gas balancing item

  1. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective ...

  2. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures

    Reports and Publications

    2010-01-01

    This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly.

  3. Balancing Item (Billion Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 05312016 Next Release Date: 06302016 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance

  4. U.S. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 634,809 -111,218 2000's -240,342 134,346 -13,339 -38,495 356,956 134,293 61,404 -196,323 33,472 -89,392 2010's 124,358 -130,108 -123,053 -15,729 -310,301 -257,196

  5. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Annual Supply & Disposition)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    124,358 -130,108 -123,053 -15,729 -310,301 -257,196 1998-2015 Alabama -63,751 -55,703 -162,226 -157,668 -147,835 -132,763 1997-2015 Alaska 10,021 17,185 22,663 22,590 20,531 23,962 1997-2015 Arizona -20,750 -18,162 -13,246 -1,351 -2,926 -2,097 1997-2015 Arkansas 9,425 -685 -16,701 -16,872 -17,533 -15,814 1997-2015 California 113,773 70,634 104,930 86,639 78,927 61,396 1997-2015 Colorado -77,449 -75,397 -107,457 -106,467 -120,390 -112,696 1997-2015 Connecticut -6,645 3,976 4,246 374 5,347 5,166

  6. U.S. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 140,457 143,420 40,508 165,589 29,670 -12,687 -7,522 -5,639 -25,646 -132,631 -75,869 -161,019 2002 -4,043 38,079 11,261 164,421 28,047 94,698 54,263 49,349 7,788 -124,023 -126,334 -128,599 2003 -85,911 76,412 117,834 42,839 29,671 16,325 80,113 57,301 11,671 -49,115 -135,623 -117,899 2004 -66,341 134,281 125,684 132,567 116,388 71,221 58,237 60,432 62,797 -13,466 -78,965 -141,694 2005 -41,225 103,738 14,442 131,451 60,083 57,514 61,979

  7. Gas cooler sets the perfect balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bilder, M.; Aubry, L.; Schwartz, G.; Anderson, R.; Burkhardt, C. ); Wilson, J.; Vallort, J.; Ransick, M.F. )

    1993-05-20

    In July 1991, a 65-ton electric chiller was in need of major repair at NutraSweet's R and D facility outside of Chicago. Instead of automatically repairing or replacing that chiller, NutraSweet engineers Larry Aubry and Gerald Schwartz began to look at other alternatives. What they discovered was that a natural gas absorption chiller was a cost-effective, environmentally safe alternative effective, environmentally safe alternative perfectly suited for their application. The benefits for NutraSweet are straightforward: energy bills have been cut by more than [dollar sign]70,000 annually, existing boiler capacity is better utilized, existing electrical cooling system life is extended, maintenance costs are reduced, and no-ozone-depleting CFCs are utilized by the natural gas chiller. Simple payback on the unit, originally expected to be almost four years, has been reduced to closer to three.

  8. Approach to IAEA material-balance verification at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, D.M.; Sanborn, J.B.; Younkin, J.M.; DeVito, V.J.

    1983-01-01

    This paper describes a potential approach by which the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) might verify the nuclear-material balance at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP). The strategy makes use of the attributes and variables measurement verification approach, whereby the IAEA would perform independent measurements on a randomly selected subset of the items comprising the U-235 flows and inventories at the plant. In addition, the MUF-D statistic is used as the test statistic for the detection of diversion. The paper includes descriptions of the potential verification activities, as well as calculations of: (1) attributes and variables sample sizes for the various strata, (2) standard deviations of the relevant test statistics, and (3) the detection sensitivity which the IAEA might achieve by this verification strategy at GCEP.

  9. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

  10. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Annual Supply and Disposition Balance"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Annual Supply and Disposition Balance" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

  11. BALANCE

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carmichael, H.

    1953-01-01

    A torsional-type analytical balance designed to arrive at its equilibrium point more quickly than previous balances is described. In order to prevent external heat sources creating air currents inside the balance casing that would reiard the attainment of equilibrium conditions, a relatively thick casing shaped as an inverted U is placed over the load support arms and the balance beam. This casing is of a metal of good thernnal conductivity characteristics, such as copper or aluminum, in order that heat applied to one portion of the balance is quickly conducted to all other sensitive areas, thus effectively preventing the fornnation of air currents caused by unequal heating of the balance.

  12. Approach to IAEA verification of the nuclear-material balance at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, D.M.; Sanborn, J.B.; Younkin, J.M.; DeVito, V.J.

    1982-01-01

    This paper describes a potential approach by which the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) might verify the nuclear-material balance at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP), should that plant be placed under IAEA safeguards. The strategy makes use of the attributes and variables measurement verification approach, whereby the IAEA would perform independent measurements on a randomly selected subset of the items comprising the U-235 flows and inventories at the plant. In addition, the MUF-D statistic is used as the test statistics for the detection of diversion. The paper includes descriptions of the potential verification activities, as well as calculations of (a) attributes and variables sample sizes for the various strata, (b) standard deviations of the relevant test statistics, and (c) the sensitivity for detection of diversion which the IAEA might achieve by this verification strategy at GCEP.

  13. U.S. Natural Gas Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance (Billion Cubic Feet) Period: Monthly Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Data Series Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Gross Withdrawals 2,823 2,682 2,779 2,635 2,706 2,739 1973-2016 Marketed Production 2,431 2,340 2,411 2,304 2,369 2,391 1973-2016 NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent 157 151 160 156 160 152 1973-2016 Dry Production 2,274 2,188 2,250 2,148

  14. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance",9,"Monthly","8/2016","1/15/1973" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel

  15. Action Items

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ACTION ITEMS Presentation to the DOE High Level Waste Corporate Board July 29, 2009 Kurt Gerdes Office of Waste Processing DOE-EM Office of Engineering & Technology 2 ACTION ITEMS...

  16. Effect of short-term material balances on the projected uranium measurement uncertainties for the gas centrifuge enrichment plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younkin, J.M.; Rushton, J.E.

    1980-02-05

    A program is under way to design an effective International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards system that could be applied to the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP). This system would integrate nuclear material accountability with containment and surveillance. Uncertainties in material balances due to errors in the measurements of the declared uranium streams have been projected on a yearly basis for GCEP under such a system in a previous study. Because of the large uranium flows, the projected balance uncertainties were, in some cases, greater than the IAEA goal quantity of 75 kg of U-235 contained in low-enriched uranium. Therefore, it was decided to investigate the benefits of material balance periods of less than a year in order to improve the sensitivity and timeliness of the nuclear material accountability system. An analysis has been made of projected uranium measurement uncertainties for various short-term material balance periods. To simplify this analysis, only a material balance around the process area is considered and only the major UF/sub 6/ stream measurements are included. That is, storage areas are not considered and uranium waste streams are ignored. It is also assumed that variations in the cascade inventory are negligible compared to other terms in the balance so that the results obtained in this study are independent of the absolute cascade inventory. This study is intended to provide information that will serve as the basis for the future design of a dynamic materials accounting component of the IAEA safeguards system for GCEP.

  17. News Item

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    An Inside Look at MOFs A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal-organic framework (MOF) as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the ...

  18. News Item

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar Cells Get Boost with Integration of Water-Splitting Catalyst onto Semiconductor Scientists have found a way to engineer the atomic-scale chemical properties of a water-splitting catalyst for integration with a solar cell, and the result is a big boost to the stability and efficiency of artificial photosynthesis. The goal of this study was to strike a careful balance between the contradictory needs for efficient energy conversion and chemically sensitive electronic components to develop a

  19. TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE THE OPERATION OF EXISTING NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE - MANIFOLD DESIGN FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE AIR BALANCE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary D. Bourn; Ford A. Phillips; Ralph E. Harris

    2005-12-01

    This document provides results and conclusions for Task 15.0--Detailed Analysis of Air Balance & Conceptual Design of Improved Air Manifolds in the ''Technologies to Enhance the Operation of Existing Natural Gas Compression Infrastructure'' project. SwRI{reg_sign} is conducting this project for DOE in conjunction with Pipeline Research Council International, Gas Machinery Research Council, El Paso Pipeline, Cooper Compression, and Southern Star, under DOE contract number DE-FC26-02NT41646. The objective of Task 15.0 was to investigate the perceived imbalance in airflow between power cylinders in two-stroke integral compressor engines and develop solutions via manifold redesign. The overall project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity.

  20. Biomass power and conventional fossil systems with and without CO2 sequestration - Comparing the energy balance, greenhouse gas emissions and economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spath, Pamela L.; Mann, Margaret K.

    2004-01-01

    Lifecycle analysis of coal-, natural gas- and biomass-based power generation systems with and without CO2 sequestration. Compares global warming potential and energy balance of these systems.

  1. News Item

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Carbon Capture Membrane Boasts CO2 Highways A new, highly permeable carbon capture membrane developed by scientists at the Molecular Foundry could lead to more efficient ways of separating carbon dioxide from power plant exhaust, preventing the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere and contributing to climate change. The researchers focused on a hybrid membrane that is part polymer and part metal-organic framework, which is a porous three-dimensional crystal with a large internal surface

  2. News Item

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Carbon Capture Membrane Creates CO2 Highways Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry scientists, working with the ALS, have developed a hybrid polymer-MOF membrane that is eight times more CO2 permeable than membranes composed only of the polymer. Significance and Impact This new, highly permeable carbon capture membrane could lead to more efficient ways of separating carbon dioxide from power plant exhaust, preventing the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere. Research Details The hybrid

  3. News Item

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Size Matters as Nanocrystals Go Through Phases Understanding what happens to a material as it undergoes phase transformations - changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas or a plasma - is of fundamental scientific interest and critical for optimizing commercial applications. For metal nanocrystals, assumptions about the size-dependence of phase transformations were made that now need to be re-evaluated. A team of researchers at the Molecular Foundry has demonstrated that as metal nanocrystals go

  4. Low-Level waste phase 1 melter testing off gas and mass balance evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, C.N.

    1996-06-28

    Commercially available melter technologies were tested during 1994-95 as part of a multiphase program to test candidate technologies for vitrification of the low-level waste (LLW) stream to be derived from retrieval and pretreatment of Hanford Site tank wastes. Seven vendors were selected for Phase 1 testing to demonstrate vitrification of a high sodium content liquid LLW simulant. The tested melter technologies included four Joule-heated melters, a carbon electrode melter, a combustion melter, and a plasma melter. Various dry and slurry melter feed preparation processes were also tested. Various feed material samples, product glass samples, and process offgas streams were characterized to provide data for evaluation of process decontamination factors and material mass balances for each vitrification technology. This report describes the melter mass balance evaluations and results for six of the Phase 1 LLW melter vendor demonstration tests.

  5. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Annual Supply and Disposition Balance"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Annual Supply and Disposition Balance" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Supply",5,"Annual",2015,"6/30/1930" ,"Data 2","Disposition",5,"Annual",2015,"6/30/1930" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release

  6. Development and Application of Gas Sensing Technologies to Enable Boiler Balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutta, Prabir

    2008-12-31

    Identifying gas species and their quantification is important for optimization of many industrial applications involving high temperatures, including combustion processes. CISM (Center for Industrial Sensors and Measurements) at the Ohio State University has developed CO, O{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, and CO{sub 2} sensors based on TiO{sub 2} semiconducting oxides, zirconia and lithium phosphate based electrochemical sensors and sensor arrays for high-temperature emission control. The underlying theme in our sensor development has been the use of materials science and chemistry to promote high-temperature performance with selectivity. A review article presenting key results of our studies on CO, NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2} and O{sub 2} sensors is described in: Akbar, Sheikh A.; Dutta, Prabir K. Development and Application of Gas Sensing Technologies for Combustion Processes, PowerPlant Chemistry, 9(1) 2006, 28-33.

  7. Approach to IAEA material-balance verification with intermittent inspection at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, D.M.; Sanborn, J.B.

    1984-05-18

    This paper describes a potential approach by which the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) might verify the nuclear-material balance at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP) for the circumstance in which the IAEA inspections occur on an intermittent basis. The verification approach is a variation of the standard IAEA attributes/variables measurement-verification method. This alternative approach is useful and applicable at the Portsmouth GCEP, which will ship all its product and tails UF/sub 6/ to United States facilities not eligible for IAEA safeguards. The paper reviews some of the relevant results of the Hexapartite Safeguards Project (HSP), describes the standard IAEA material-balance-verification approach for bulk-handling facilities, and provides the procedures to be followed in handling and processing UF/sub 6/ cylinders at the Portsmouth GCEP. The paper then discusses the assumptions made in the approach, and derives a formula for the probability with which the IAEA could detect the diversion of a significant quantity of uranium (75 kg of U-235 in depleted, normal, and low-enriched uranium) if this method were applied. The paper also provides numerical examples of IAEA detection probability should the operator divert uranium from the feed, product, or tails streams for the Portsmouth GCEP with a capacity of 1100 tonnes of separative work per year.

  8. ADMIN Citation Item Title Item Summary Sub Item 1 Title Sub Item 2 Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ADMIN 1 Revision September 2015 Previous ADMIN 1 guidance edition: http://www.energy.gov/cio/downloads/administrative-records-schedule-1-personnel-records-revision-3 ADMIN Citation Item Title Item Summary Sub Item 1 Title Sub Item 2 Summary Sub Item 2 Applicability Media Applicability Disposition NARA Approved Citation a. Transferred employees. Department-wide Media-neutral See Chapter 7 of The Guide to Personnel Recordkeeping for instructions relating to folders of employees transferred to

  9. Action Item Review and Status

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Board Action Items Action Item Resolution Action Item Strategic Planning Initiative Optimization Study Resolution Presentation by S. Schneider (HLW System Integrated Project...

  10. Commercial Items Test Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Attached for your information is a copy of Civilian Agency Acquisition Council (CAAC) Letter 2009-04. It advises that the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 201 0, Section 8 16 authorizes extension of the Commercial Items Test Program from January 1,20 10 to January 1,20 12 and that an expedited FAR Case is being processed to insert the new date at FAR 13.500(d). Also attached is a class deviation authorizing the use of simplified acquisition procedures for commercial items up to $5.5 million [$I1 million for acquisitions of commercial items under FAR 13.500(e)

  11. Item Management Control System

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1993-08-06

    The Item Management Control System (IMCS) has been developed at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory to assist in organizing collections of documents using an IBM-PC or similar DOS system platform.

  12. Shaft balancing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Irwin, John A.

    1979-01-01

    A gas turbine engine has an internal drive shaft including one end connected to a driven load and an opposite end connected to a turbine wheel and wherein the shaft has an in situ adjustable balance system near the critical center of a bearing span for the shaft including two 360.degree. rings piloted on the outer diameter of the shaft at a point accessible through an internal engine panel; each of the rings has a small amount of material removed from its periphery whereby both of the rings are precisely unbalanced an equivalent amount; the rings are locked circumferentially together by radial serrations thereon; numbered tangs on the outside diameter of each ring identify the circumferential location of unbalance once the rings are locked together; an aft ring of the pair of rings has a spline on its inside diameter that mates with a like spline on the shaft to lock the entire assembly together.

  13. Notes and Action Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Notes and Action Items Notes and Action Items Report on the NUGEX business meeting of June 6, 2000, in Oak Ridge Minute notes by Bas Braams First of all, many thanks to the organizers of the preceding NUG meeting: Roberta Boucher, David Dean, Brian Hingerty, Bill Kramer, Donald Spong and Malcolm Stocks. Likewise thanks to Brian Hingerty and Mike Minkoff for organizing the Users Helping Users events, and to Tom DeBoni, Osni Marques, Jeffrey Squyres and David Turner for the NERSC training classes.

  14. Microsoft Word - config item

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CITSS Configurable Item List COTS Software CITSS Configurable Items Page 1 January 1998 CI # CITSS Function Vendor/Version Install Date Location Description/Notes SW-001 Data Base Server Operating System DEC Unix 4.0a 12/05/97 G'tn CA-001 SW-002 Application Server Operating System Novell 3.12 (250 User License) 10/01/97 G'tn C-065A SW-003 Relational Data Base System Oracle 7.3.3 for Unix 4.0a 12/05/97 G'tn CA-001 SW-004 Report Generation Tool Crystal Reports Professional 5.0 10/01/97 QO 370

  15. Balance of Plant System Analysis and Component Design of Turbo-Machinery for High Temperature Gas Reactor Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballinger, Ronald G.; Wang, Chun Yun; Kadak, Andrew; Todreas, Neil; Mirick, Bradley; Demetri, Eli; Koronowski, Martin

    2004-08-30

    The Modular Pebble Bed Reactor system (MPBR) requires a gas turbine cycle (Brayton cycle) as the power conversion system for it to achieve economic competitiveness as a Generation IV nuclear system. The availability of controllable helium turbomachinery and compact heat exchangers are thus the critical enabling technology for the gas turbine cycle. The development of an initial reference design for an indirect helium cycle has been accomplished with the overriding constraint that this design could be built with existing technology and complies with all current codes and standards. Using the initial reference design, limiting features were identified. Finally, an optimized reference design was developed by identifying key advances in the technology that could reasonably be expected to be achieved with limited R&D. This final reference design is an indirect, intercooled and recuperated cycle consisting of a three-shaft arrangement for the turbomachinery system. A critical part of the design process involved the interaction between individual component design and overall plant performance. The helium cycle overall efficiency is significantly influenced by performance of individual components. Changes in the design of one component, a turbine for example, often required changes in other components. To allow for the optimization of the overall design with these interdependencies, a detailed steady state and transient control model was developed. The use of the steady state and transient models as a part of an iterative design process represents a key contribution of this work. A dynamic model, MPBRSim, has been developed. The model integrates the reactor core and the power conversion system simultaneously. Physical parameters such as the heat exchangers; weights and practical performance maps such as the turbine characteristics and compressor characteristics are incorporated into the model. The individual component models as well as the fully integrated model of the

  16. Item Not Found | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Item Not Found Item Not Found The item you requested, OSTI ID 1182424, is not available in this collection. If you followed a link to this page, that link is outdated or contains an error. Search DOE PAGES DOE PAGES Home

  17. Pre-2012 News Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pre-2012 News Items Project and Communication Milestones: April 4, 2011: MINERvA receives Secretary's Award of Achievement March 14, 2012: Scientists send encoded message through rock via neutrino beam A particle physics private eye takes on the great interaction caper 2006 Fermilab Today Series: February 2, 2006: MINERvA Takes Point-Blank Aim at Neutrino Mysteries February 22, 2006: MINERvA Recycles to Tap Many Lab Resources March 1, 2006: Students on MINERvA Get to see End Result March 8,

  18. DOE - NNSA/NFO -- Featured Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Featured Items includeslanguage.htm Featured Items The Nevada Field Office Featured Items section provides quick access to brief program updates and some of the more popular new ...

  19. Direct injection of natural gas in blast furnaces at high rates: Preliminary statistical analysis of blast furnace carbon balance at Armco-Middletown. Topical report, January 1990-September 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neels, J.K.; Brown, F.C.

    1992-09-01

    The economic benefits of supplemental fuel injections depend, in part, on the coke replacement ratio. An assessment of the accuracy with which blast furnace coke rate may be measured and a determination of the key drivers of coke rate uncertainty are offered, to provide guidance for experiments in high-rate gas injection. Using statistical analysis tools, an expression for the measurement error associated with the various terms of blast furnace carbon balance is developed. Coke rate calculations based on the material balance are most sensitive to coke carbon content and to proper tracking of hot metal tapping schedule.

  20. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    150,000 APPLY TO ALL CONTRACTS EXCEEDING 5,000,000 Control : SF 6432-CI Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items Owner: Procurement Policy Department...

  1. OpenEI Community - natural gas+ condensing flue gas heat recovery...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    groupincrease-natural-gas-energy-efficiency

    item">
  2. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    04/2015) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY CANCELLATION OR TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE CHANGES COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS

  3. Peoples Gas- Commercial & Industrial Prescriptive Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Chicagoland Natural Gas Savings Program is funded by customers of Peoples Gas, through a line item on the bill called the Enhanced Efficiency Program. The Program is guided by Peoples Gas, the...

  4. JOBAID-SELF ASSIGNING COURSES (ITEMS)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this jobaid you will learn to use the Course Catalog, Browse Catalog, Recommended Items, Locate and Self-Assign Items (Courses) Using the Search Catalog features, Narrow Course Searches using...

  5. SciTech Connect: Item Not Found

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Item Not Found Item Not Found The item you requested, OSTI ID 1115360, is not available in this collection. If you followed a link to this page, that link is outdated or contains an error. Search SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Home

  6. SciTech Connect: Item Not Found

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Item Not Found Item Not Found The item you requested, OSTI ID 1130479, is not available in this collection. If you followed a link to this page, that link is outdated or contains an error. Search SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Home

  7. SciTech Connect: Item Not Found

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Item Not Found Item Not Found The item you requested, OSTI ID 1130515, is not available in this collection. If you followed a link to this page, that link is outdated or contains an error. Search SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Home

  8. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    11/17/15 Page 1 of 16 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CI (11/2015) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS

  9. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    7/31/13 Page 1 of 14 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CI (07/2013) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS

  10. New technologies for item monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, J.A.; Waddoups, I.G.

    1993-12-01

    This report responds to the Department of Energy`s request that Sandia National Laboratories compare existing technologies against several advanced technologies as they apply to DOE needs to monitor the movement of material, weapons, or personnel for safety and security programs. The authors describe several material control systems, discuss their technologies, suggest possible applications, discuss assets and limitations, and project costs for each system. The following systems are described: WATCH system (Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling); Tag system (an electrostatic proximity sensor); PANTRAK system (Personnel And Material Tracking); VRIS (Vault Remote Inventory System); VSIS (Vault Safety and Inventory System); AIMS (Authenticated Item Monitoring System); EIVS (Experimental Inventory Verification System); Metrox system (canister monitoring system); TCATS (Target Cueing And Tracking System); LGVSS (Light Grid Vault Surveillance System); CSS (Container Safeguards System); SAMMS (Security Alarm and Material Monitoring System); FOIDS (Fiber Optic Intelligence & Detection System); GRADS (Graded Radiation Detection System); and PINPAL (Physical Inventory Pallet).

  11. Oil and Gas Research| GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Oil & Gas We're balancing the increasing demand for finite resources with technology that ensures access to energy for generations to come. Home > Innovation > Oil & Gas ...

  12. Polarization-balanced beamsplitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Decker, Derek E.

    1998-01-01

    A beamsplitter assembly that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting.

  13. Polarization-balanced beamsplitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Decker, D.E.

    1998-02-17

    A beamsplitter assembly is disclosed that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting. 10 figs.

  14. Beyond Beginning Balances Presentation

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Beyond Beginning Balances Peter Dessaules DOE/SO-62 Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop January 13, 2004 January 13, 2004 Crowne Crowne Plaza Plaza Ravinia Ravinia Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia Beginning Foreign Obligation Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances Balances * Why are they important? - United States Agreements for Cooperation hold Treaty status. - These Agreements require periodic reporting to the foreign countries. -

  15. Calorimetry of low mass Pu239 items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cremers, Teresa L; Sampson, Thomas E

    2010-01-01

    Calorimetric assay has the reputation of providing the highest precision and accuracy of all nondestructive assay measurements. Unfortunately, non-destructive assay practitioners and measurement consumers often extend, inappropriately, the high precision and accuracy of calorimetric assay to very low mass items. One purpose of this document is to present more realistic expectations for the random uncertainties associated with calorimetric assay for weapons grade plutonium items with masses of 200 grams or less.

  16. Suspect/Counterfeit Item Awareness Training Manual

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training U.S. Department of Energy Health, Safety and Security Office of Corporate Safety Analysis This training document is in the process of being revised by the Office of Analysis (HS-24) through a partnership with the Energy Facility Contractors Group. In the interim, the Suspect/ Counterfeit Headmark List (page 11) has been updated with the most current version. June 2007 Revision 6 Suspect/Counterfeit Items Training Sponsored by the Office of Analysis

  17. Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Balance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lithium Balance Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Product: Lithium ion battery developer. References: Lithium Balance1 This article is a stub....

  18. Food item use by coyote sex and age classes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cypher, B.L.; Spencer, K.A.; Scrivner, J.H.

    1995-10-01

    Food item use by coyotes was compared between sexes and among age classes at the Naval Petroleum Reserves, California. Item use did not differ significantly between males and females. Although leporid was the item most frequently used by all age classes, item use differed significantly between pups (< 1 year), yearlings (1 year), and adults (> 1 year), probably due to differential use of secondary items. Variation in item use among age classes could potentially bias results of coyote food habit studies.

  19. Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-52 Item Subject FAR...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-52 Item Subject FAR case I Sustainable Acquisition ... VI Technical Amendments NA Item I--Sustainable Acquisition (FAR Case 2010-001) ...

  20. Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report...

  1. Self Supplied Balancing Reserves

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Self-Supplied-Balancing-Reserves Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects &...

  2. Work-Life Balance

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Life at the Lab » Work-Life Balance Work-Life Balance The Laboratory values the work-life balance of its employees, with offerings that will fit your lifestyle Contact Us Email Time Away Alternative work schedules We know flexibility is the key to establishing a work-life balance. That is why the Lab offers a variety of work schedules. The most popular work schedule is the 9/80 schedule, which provides a Friday off every other week. Holidays, vacation and sick leave Because the Laboratory is a

  3. Balancing coal pipes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Earley, D.; Kirkenir, B.

    2009-11-15

    Balancing coal flow to the burners to optimise combustion by using real-time measurement systems (such as microwave mass measurement) is discussed. 3 figs.

  4. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Resource Handbook

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1221-2016 August 2016 DOE HANDBOOK Suspect/Counterfeit Items Resource Handbook U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 DOE-HDBK-1221-2016 DOE-HDBK-1221-2016 Foreword This Department of Energy (DOE) Handbook provides information to assist DOE sites in preventing suspect/counterfeit items (S/CI) from entering the DOE complex. Specifically, it provides information on identifying, reporting and dispositioning S/CIs, and includes examples of S/CIs.

  5. CHAPS: status of issues and action items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2007 CHAPS: status of issues and action items. Items to watch are shown in bold. 1. Our most recent 'off-line' conference call was on March 30, with Yin-Nan, Liz, John J. Betsy, and John H. Details of AMS plumbing were discussed. 2. Status of CVI: a. It has been installed and test flown, 3/14 & 3/16. b. We are working on an instability in one of the flow meters (feedback with the zero-air regulator?) c. Will be flown again with nephs and psaps, and again with AMS d. See full status of

  6. CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software (44.56 KB) More Documents & Publications CITSS Project Plan CITSS Project Plan Software Configuration Management Plan

  7. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The manual discusses definitions, the DOE S/CI process, DOE Directives and Government-Industry Data Exchange Program (GIDEP), and the DOE S/CI website. Appendices cover fasteners, components and product information, suspect indications list, suspect/counterfeit items (S/CI) found at DOE facilities, references, and resources.

  8. Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo The issue of Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI), specifically electronic components and integrated circuits, is an increasing problem throughout the nuclear industry. Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo (381.26 KB) More Documents & Publications Technical Standards Newsletter - October 2015 DOE-HDBK-1221-2016 Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual

  9. Load Balancing Scientific Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearce, Olga Tkachyshyn

    2014-12-01

    The largest supercomputers have millions of independent processors, and concurrency levels are rapidly increasing. For ideal efficiency, developers of the simulations that run on these machines must ensure that computational work is evenly balanced among processors. Assigning work evenly is challenging because many large modern parallel codes simulate behavior of physical systems that evolve over time, and their workloads change over time. Furthermore, the cost of imbalanced load increases with scale because most large-scale scientific simulations today use a Single Program Multiple Data (SPMD) parallel programming model, and an increasing number of processors will wait for the slowest one at the synchronization points. To address load imbalance, many large-scale parallel applications use dynamic load balance algorithms to redistribute work evenly. The research objective of this dissertation is to develop methods to decide when and how to load balance the application, and to balance it effectively and affordably. We measure and evaluate the computational load of the application, and develop strategies to decide when and how to correct the imbalance. Depending on the simulation, a fast, local load balance algorithm may be suitable, or a more sophisticated and expensive algorithm may be required. We developed a model for comparison of load balance algorithms for a specific state of the simulation that enables the selection of a balancing algorithm that will minimize overall runtime.

  10. Natural gas marketing and transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    This book covers: Overview of the natural gas industry; Federal regulation of marketing and transportation; State regulation of transportation; Fundamentals of gas marketing contracts; Gas marketing options and strategies; End user agreements; Transportation on interstate pipelines; Administration of natural gas contracts; Structuring transactions with the nonconventional source fuels credit; Take-or-pay wars- a cautionary analysis for the future; Antitrust pitfalls in the natural gas industry; Producer imbalances; Natural gas futures for the complete novice; State non-utility regulation of production, transportation and marketing; Natural gas processing agreements and Disproportionate sales, gas balancing, and accounting to royalty owners.

  11. Balance Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Balance Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Balance Energy Place: San Diego, California Zip: 92127-1874 Product: California-based end to end smart grid developer. References:...

  12. november_decision_5item | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    november_decision_5item november_decision_5item november_decision_5item (192.99 KB) More Documents & Publications Status of Waivers Issued under the Recovery Act: Non-Availability Waivers Nationwide Nonavailability Waiver: November 5, 2010 Amended Nationwide Nonavailability Waiver: November 5, 2010

  13. Guide to good practices for the development of test items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    While the methodology used in developing test items can vary significantly, to ensure quality examinations, test items should be developed systematically. Test design and development is discussed in the DOE Guide to Good Practices for Design, Development, and Implementation of Examinations. This guide is intended to be a supplement by providing more detailed guidance on the development of specific test items. This guide addresses the development of written examination test items primarily. However, many of the concepts also apply to oral examinations, both in the classroom and on the job. This guide is intended to be used as guidance for the classroom and laboratory instructor or curriculum developer responsible for the construction of individual test items. This document focuses on written test items, but includes information relative to open-reference (open book) examination test items, as well. These test items have been categorized as short-answer, multiple-choice, or essay. Each test item format is described, examples are provided, and a procedure for development is included. The appendices provide examples for writing test items, a test item development form, and examples of various test item formats.

  14. Calorimeter measurements of low wattage items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cremers, T.L.; Camp, K.L.; Hildner, S.S.; Sedlacek, W.A.

    1993-08-01

    The transition of DOE facilities from production to decontamination and decommissioning has led to more measurements of waste, scrap, and other less attractive materials. The difficulty that these materials pose for segmented gamma scanning and neutron counting has increased the use of calorimetric assay for very low wattage items (< 250 millwatts). We have measured well characterized {sup 238}Pu oxide ranging in wattage from 25 to 500 milliwatts in the calorimeters at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility and report the error and the precision of the measurements.

  15. Multidimensional spectral load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, B.; Leland, R.

    1993-01-01

    We describe an algorithm for the static load balancing of scientific computations that generalizes and improves upon spectral bisection. Through a novel use of multiple eigenvectors, our new spectral algorithm can divide a computation into 4 or 8 pieces at once. These multidimensional spectral partitioning algorithms generate balanced partitions that have lower communication overhead and are less expensive to compute than those produced by spectral bisection. In addition, they automatically work to minimize message contention on a hypercube or mesh architecture. These spectral partitions are further improved by a multidimensional generalization of the Kernighan-Lin graph partitioning algorithm. Results on several computational grids are given and compared with other popular methods.

  16. Multidimensional spectral load balancing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, Bruce A.; Leland, Robert W.

    1996-12-24

    A method of and apparatus for graph partitioning involving the use of a plurality of eigenvectors of the Laplacian matrix of the graph of the problem for which load balancing is desired. The invention is particularly useful for optimizing parallel computer processing of a problem and for minimizing total pathway lengths of integrated circuits in the design stage.

  17. Feed mechanism and method for feeding minute items

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stringer, Timothy Kent; Yerganian, Simon Scott

    2012-11-06

    A feeding mechanism and method for feeding minute items, such as capacitors, resistors, or solder preforms. The mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of the randomly-positioned and randomly-oriented extremely small or minute items, and to isolate, orient, and position the items in a specific repeatable pickup location wherefrom they may be removed for use by, for example, a computer-controlled automated assembly machine. The mechanism comprises a sliding shelf adapted to receive and support the items; a wiper arm adapted to achieve a single even layer of the items; and a pushing arm adapted to push the items into the pickup location. The mechanism can be adapted for providing the items with a more exact orientation, and can also be adapted for use in a liquid environment.

  18. Feed mechanism and method for feeding minute items

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stringer, Timothy Kent; Yerganian, Simon Scott

    2009-10-20

    A feeding mechanism and method for feeding minute items, such as capacitors, resistors, or solder preforms. The mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of the randomly-positioned and randomly-oriented extremely small or minute items, and to isolate, orient, and position one or more of the items in a specific repeatable pickup location wherefrom they may be removed for use by, for example, a computer-controlled automated assembly machine. The mechanism comprises a sliding shelf adapted to receive and support the items; a wiper arm adapted to achieve a single even layer of the items; and a pushing arm adapted to push the items into the pickup location. The mechanism can be adapted for providing the items with a more exact orientation, and can also be adapted for use in a liquid environment.

  19. Binary classification of items of interest in a repeatable process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abell, Jeffrey A.; Spicer, John Patrick; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Chakraborty, Debejyo

    2014-06-24

    A system includes host and learning machines in electrical communication with sensors positioned with respect to an item of interest, e.g., a weld, and memory. The host executes instructions from memory to predict a binary quality status of the item. The learning machine receives signals from the sensor(s), identifies candidate features, and extracts features from the candidates that are more predictive of the binary quality status relative to other candidate features. The learning machine maps the extracted features to a dimensional space that includes most of the items from a passing binary class and excludes all or most of the items from a failing binary class. The host also compares the received signals for a subsequent item of interest to the dimensional space to thereby predict, in real time, the binary quality status of the subsequent item of interest.

  20. Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) combines the Contractor Performance Report (CPR) and Integrated Master Schedule (IMS) reporting requirements on contracts requiring Earned Value Management (EVM) reporting of project/contract performance. Document available for download via link below provides Data Item Description

  1. Safety Evaluation for Packaging (onsite) T Plant Canyon Items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    OBRIEN, J.H.

    2000-07-14

    This safety evaluation for packaging (SEP) evaluates and documents the ability to safely ship mostly unique inventories of miscellaneous T Plant canyon waste items (T-P Items) encountered during the canyon deck clean off campaign. In addition, this SEP addresses contaminated items and material that may be shipped in a strong tight package (STP). The shipments meet the criteria for onsite shipments as specified by Fluor Hanford in HNF-PRO-154, Responsibilities and Procedures for all Hazardous Material Shipments.

  2. SF6432-CI (02-01-12) Commercial Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    who will enter a government site to perform Control : SF 6432-CI Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items Owner: Procurement Policy & Quality Dept Release...

  3. MATERIAL BALANCE REPORT

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    F 742 (08-98) Previous editions are obsolete. MANDATORY DATA COLLECTION AUTHORIZED BY 10 CFR 30, 40, 50, 70, 75, 150. Public Laws 83-703, 93-438, 95-91. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AND U.S. NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MATERIAL BALANCE REPORT 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1001; ACT OF JUNE 25, 1948; 62 STAT. 749; MAKES IT A CRIMINAL OFFENSE TO MAKE A WILLFULLY FALSE STATEMENT OR REPRESENTATION TO ANY DEPARTMENT OR AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES AS TO ANY MATTER WITHIN ITS JURISDICTION. Printed with soy ink on

  4. Doubles counting of highly multiplying items in reflective surroundings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croft, Stephen; Evans, Louise G; Schear, Melissa A; Tobin, Stephen J

    2010-11-18

    When a neutrons are counted from a spontaneously fissile multiplying item in a reflecting environment the temporal behavior of the correlated signal following neutron birth is complex. At early times the signal is dominated by prompt fission events coming from spontaneous fission bursts and also from prompt fast-neutron induced fission events. At later times neutrons 'returning' from the surroundings induce fission and give rise to an additional chain of correlated events. The prompt and returning components probe the fissile and fertile constituents of the item in different ways and it is potentially beneficial to exploit this fact. In this work we look at how the two components can be represented using a linear combination of two simple functions. Fitting of the composite function to the capture time distribution represents one way of quantifying the proportion of each contribution. Another approach however is to use a dual shift register analysis where after each triggering event two coincidence gates are opened, one close to the trigger that responds preferentially to the prompt dynamics and one later in time which is more sensitive to the returning neutron induced events. To decide on the best gate positions and gate widths and also to estimate the counting precision we can use the analytical fit to work out the necessary gate utilization factors which are required in both these calculations. In this work, we develop the approach. Illustrative examples are given using spent Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Pressurized light Water Reactor (LWR) fuel assemblies submersed in borated water and counted in a ring of {sup 3}He gas-filled proportional counters. In this case the prompt component is dominated by {sup 244}Cm spontaneous fission and induced fast neutron fission in for example {sup 238}U while the returning low energy neutrons induce fission mainly in the fissile nuclides such as {sup 239}Pu, {sup 241}Pu and {sup 235}U. One requirement is to calculate the Random

  5. Co2balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    balance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Co2balance Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: Carbon offset provider based in Somerset, UK. References: Co2balance1 This...

  6. ADVANCED GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS RESEARCH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    2000-01-01

    The activities of the Advanced Gas Turbine Systems Research (AGRSR) program are described in the quarterly report. The report is divided into discussions of Membership, Administration, Technology Transfer (Workshop/Education) and Research. Items worthy of note are presented in extended bullet format following the appropriate heading.

  7. ADVANCED GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS RESEARCH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    2002-04-01

    The activities of the Advanced Gas Turbine Systems Research (AGTSR) program for this reporting period are described in this quarterly report. The report is divided into discussions of Membership, Administration, Technology Transfer (Workshop/Education), Research and Miscellaneous Related Activity. Items worthy of note are presented in extended bullet format following the appropriate heading.

  8. ADVANCED GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS RESEARCH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    2002-02-01

    The activities of the Advanced Gas Turbine Systems Research (AGTSR) program for this reporting period are described in this quarterly report. The report is divided into discussions of Membership, Administration, Technology Transfer (Workshop/Education), Research and Miscellaneous Related Activity. Items worthy of note are presented in extended bullet format following the appropriate heading.

  9. Nationwide Nonavailability Waiver for 5 Additional Items | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Nonavailability Waiver for 5 Additional Items Nationwide Nonavailability Waiver for 5 Additional Items september2010_5addtl (156.55 KB) More Documents & Publications Status of Waivers Issued under the Recovery Act: Non-Availability Waivers Nationwide Nonavailability Waiver: September 30, 2010 Nationwide Nonavailability Waiver: January 12, 2011

  10. Radar channel balancing with commutation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doerry, Armin Walter

    2014-02-01

    When multiple channels are employed in a pulse-Doppler radar, achieving and maintaining balance between the channels is problematic. In some circumstances the channels may be commutated to achieve adequate balance. Commutation is the switching, trading, toggling, or multiplexing of the channels between signal paths. Commutation allows modulating the imbalance energy away from the balanced energy in Doppler, where it can be mitigated with filtering.

  11. ARM - Measurement - Surface energy balance

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    energy balance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface energy balance The energy balance at the earth's surface between the net radiation and the sensible and latent heat fluxes and ground heat flux. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each

  12. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, S.R.

    1997-05-13

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

  13. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, Stephen R.

    1997-01-01

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

  14. Common Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Educational poster developed by the Office of Fossil Energy that graphically displays items that are made from oil and gas. Appropriate for teachers and students in K-8th grade.

  15. AVOID BECOMING A VICTIM OF COUNTERFEIT ITEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WARRINER RD

    2011-07-13

    In today's globalized economy, we cannot live without imported products. Most people do not realize how thin the safety net of regulation and inspection really is. Less than three percent of imported products receive any form of government inspection prior to sale. Avoid flea markets, street vendors and deep discount stores. The sellers of counterfeit wares know where to market their products. They look for individuals who are hungry for a brand name item but do not want to pay a brand name price for it. The internet provides anonymity to the sellers of counterfeit products. Unlike Europe, U.S. law does not hold internet-marketing organizations, responsible for the quality of the products sold on their websites. These organizations will remove an individual vendor when a sufficient number of complaints are lodged, but they will not take responsibility for the counterfeit products you may have purchased. EBay has a number of counterfeit product guides to help you avoid being a victim of the sellers of these products. Ten percent of all medications taken worldwide are counterfeit. If you do buy medications on-line, be sure that the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Verified Internet Pharmacy Practice Sites (VIPPS) recommends the pharmacy you choose to use. Inspect all medication purchases and report any change in color, shape, imprinting or odor to your pharmacist. If you take generic medications these attributes may change from one manufacturer to another. Your pharmacist should inform you of any changes when you refill your prescription. If they do not, get clarification prior to taking the medication. Please note that the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate supplements. The FDA only steps in when a specific supplement proves to cause physical harm or contains a regulated ingredient. Due to counterfeiting, Underwriters Laboratories (UL) changed their label design three times since 1996. The new gold label should be attached to the cord or

  16. Par Pond water balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiergesell, R.A.; Dixon, K.L.

    1996-06-01

    A water budget for the Par Pond hydrologic system was established in order to estimate the rate of groundwater influx to Par Pond. This estimate will be used in modeling exercises to predict Par Pond reservoir elevation and spillway discharge in the scenario where Savannah River water is no longer pumped and discharged into Par Pond. The principal of conservation of mass was used to develop the water budget, where water inflow was set equal to water outflow. Components of the water budget were identified, and the flux associated with each was determined. The water budget was considered balanced when inflow and outflow summed to zero. The results of this study suggest that Par Pond gains water from the groundwater system in the upper reaches of the reservoir, but looses water to the groundwater system near the dam. The rate of flux of groundwater from the water table aquifer into Par Pond was determined to be 13 cfs. The rate of flux from Par Pond to the water table aquifer near the dam was determined to be 7 cfs.

  17. Microsoft Word - foi 2013-00964.Item 3.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Each item of your request is re-stated below: 1. "Any and all records reflecting correspondence (including letters and emails) between the Department of Energy offices at Hanford ...

  18. SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case FAC 56-Miscellaneous I. Women-Owned Small Business Program 2010-015 II. Proper Use and Management of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  19. Gathering total items count for pagination | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Gathering total items count for pagination Home > Groups > Utility Rate Hi I'm using the following base link plus some restrictions to sector, utility, and locations to poll for...

  20. LLNL line-item construction projects Master Site Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-04-15

    This interim submittal is an updated 1996 overview of the Master Plan based on the 1995 LLNL Site Development Plan, illustrating the future land use considerations, and the locations of proposed facilities as documented through the line item development process and keyed to the summary table. The following components in addition to the line-item proposals remain key elements in the implementation strategy of the Master Plan: personnel migration, revitalization, space reduction, classified core contraction, utility systems, and environmental restoration.

  1. Central Characterization Program (CCP) TRU Nonconforming Item Reporting and

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Control | Department of Energy TRU Nonconforming Item Reporting and Control Central Characterization Program (CCP) TRU Nonconforming Item Reporting and Control This document was used to determine facts and conditions during the Department of Energy Accident Investigation Board's investigation into the radiological release event at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Additional documents referenced and listed in the Phase 2 Radiological Release Event at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant on

  2. Libra: Scalable Load Balance Analysis

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2009-09-16

    Libra is a tool for scalable analysis of load balance data from all processes in a parallel application. Libra contains an instrumentation module that collects model data from parallel applications and a parallel compression mechanism that uses distributed wavelet transforms to gather load balance model data in a scalable fashion. Data is output to files, and these files can be viewed in a GUI tool by Libra users. The GUI tool associates particular load balancemore » data with regions for code, emabling users to view the load balance properties of distributed "slices" of their application code.« less

  3. Archived News Item: August 26, 2009 - Secretary Chu Announces...

    Energy Savers

    and renewable gas, propane, ethanol, biodiesel, electricity, and hybrid technologies. ... natural gas facilities, three new biodiesel public refueling stations, and increases ...

  4. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Information Guide for Subcontractors/Suppliers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tessmar, Nancy D.; Salazar, Michael J.

    2012-09-18

    Counterfeiting of industrial and commercial grade items is an international problem that places worker safety, program objectives, expensive equipment, and security at risk. In order to prevent the introduction of Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI), this information sheet is being made available as a guide to assist in the implementation of S/CI awareness and controls, in conjunction with subcontractor's/supplier's quality assurance programs. When it comes to counterfeit goods, including industrial materials, items, and equipment, no market is immune. Some manufactures have been known to misrepresent their products and intentionally use inferior materials and processes to manufacture substandard items, whose properties can significantly cart from established standards and specifications. These substandard items termed by the Department of Energy (DOE) as S/CI, pose immediate and potential threats to the safety of DOE and contractor workers, the public, and the environment. Failure of certain systems and processes caused by an S/CI could also have national security implications at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Nuclear Safety Rules (federal Laws), DOE Orders, and other regulations set forth requirements for DOE contractors to implement effective controls to assure that items and services meet specified requirements. This includes techniques to implement and thereby minimizing the potential threat of entry of S/CI to LANL. As a qualified supplier of goods or services to the LANL, your company will be required to establish and maintain effective controls to prevent the introduction of S/CI to LANL. This will require that your company warrant that all items (including their subassemblies, components, and parts) sold to LANL are genuine (i.e. not counterfeit), new, and unused, and conform to the requirements of the LANL purchase orders/contracts unless otherwise approved in writing to the Los Alamos National Security (LANS) contract administrator

  5. Modeling natural gas reservoirs - a simple model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collier, R.S.

    1981-10-01

    A mathematical model is developed and tested for the production of natural gas with water encroachment and gas entrapment. The model is built on the material and volumetric balance relations, the Schilthuis water drive model, and a gas entrapment mechanism which assumes that the rate of gas entrapment is proportional to the volumetric rate of water influx. This model represents an alternative to the large grid models because of its low computer, maintenance, and manpower costs. 13 refs.

  6. The oil and gas joint operating agreement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This book covers the following topics: introduction to the AAPL model form operating agreement; property provisions of the operating agreement; Article 6---the drilling and development article; duties and obligations revisited---who bear what risk of loss; operator's liens; accounting procedure joint operations; insurance; taking gas in kind absent a balancing agreement; RMMLF Form 5 Gas Balancing Agreement; tax partnerships for nontax professionals; alternative agreement forms.

  7. Gas turbine engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawlor, Shawn P.; Roberts, II, William Byron

    2016-03-08

    A gas turbine engine with a compressor rotor having compressor impulse blades that delivers gas at supersonic conditions to a stator. The stator includes a one or more aerodynamic ducts that each have a converging portion and a diverging portion for deceleration of the selected gas to subsonic conditions and to deliver a high pressure oxidant containing gas to flameholders. The flameholders may be provided as trapped vortex combustors, for combustion of a fuel to produce hot pressurized combustion gases. The hot pressurized combustion gases are choked before passing out of an aerodynamic duct to a turbine. Work is recovered in a turbine by expanding the combustion gases through impulse blades. By balancing the axial loading on compressor impulse blades and turbine impulse blades, asymmetrical thrust is minimized or avoided.

  8. Mechanically balanced tapered plug valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anaya, Jose R.

    1985-01-01

    The invention is a novel hermetic tapered plug valve having a spring-like resilient mechanism for providing axial balance to the plug and thereby prevent valve lock up.

  9. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio System

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Energy Balance Bowen Ratio System Estimates of surface energy fluxes are a primary product of the data collection systems at the ARM SGP CART site. Surface fluxes tell ...

  10. Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1.3 May 2016 ______________________________________________________________________________ 1 Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program [References: FAR Subpart 17.6, DEAR 970.0370-1, DEAR 970.4401-1, DEAR 970.4402-2] 1. Summary of Latest Changes This update revises the applicability of the Balanced Scorecard Program to DOE management and operating (M&O) contracts. Federal procurement offices are encouraged to continue their use of the BSC, however, The Critical Few Program has

  11. Material Balance Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Material Balance Report Material Balance Report Form supports nuclear material control and accountability. Material Balance Report (16.77 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE/NRC F 742 PHYSICAL INVENTORY LISTING DOE/NRC F 740M

  12. Total Working Gas Capacity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Confidential Presentation to: April 7, 2008 Middle East oil demand and Lehman Brothers oil price outlook Adam Robinson Middle East oil demand u Three pillars of Middle East oil demand - Petrodollar reinvestment - Purchasing power rise - Power sector constraints u Natural gas shortages for power generation mean balance of risks to any Middle East oil demand forecast are firmly to the upside, adding to summer upside seasonality u Lehman Brothers has pegged 3Q08 as the tightest quarter of the

  13. U.S. Natural Gas Annual Supply and Disposition Balance

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon ...

  14. U.S. Natural Gas Annual Supply and Disposition Balance

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Area: U.S. Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Gulf of Mexico Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia

  15. Method using a density field for locating related items for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wylie, Brian N.

    2002-01-01

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method makes use of numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. The items are given initial coordinates in the space. An energy is then determined for each item from the item's distance and similarity to other items, and from the density of items assigned coordinates near the item. The distance and similarity component can act to draw items with high similarities close together, while the density component can act to force all items apart. If a terminal condition is not yet reached, then new coordinates can be determined for one or more items, and the energy determination repeated. The iteration can terminate, for example, when the total energy reaches a threshold, when each item's energy is below a threshold, after a certain amount of time or iterations.

  16. Microsoft Word - FINAL BI Report.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Introduction The monthly natural gas balancing item, which reflects the difference between consumption and supply at the national level, 1 is a significant metric for gauging the comprehensiveness and quality of EIA's volumetric data as presented in the Natural Gas Monthly (NGM). A negative balancing item is the result of supply that is greater than consumption. A positive balancing item is indicative of

  17. Method of data mining including determining multidimensional coordinates of each item using a predetermined scalar similarity value for each item pair

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meyers, Charles E.; Davidson, George S.; Johnson, David K.; Hendrickson, Bruce A.; Wylie, Brian N.

    1999-01-01

    A method of data mining represents related items in a multidimensional space. Distance between items in the multidimensional space corresponds to the extent of relationship between the items. The user can select portions of the space to perceive. The user also can interact with and control the communication of the space, focusing attention on aspects of the space of most interest. The multidimensional spatial representation allows more ready comprehension of the structure of the relationships among the items.

  18. DOE Hosts Festival to Collect Items for Area Food Banks

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and a representative of the Capital Area Food Bank are among the guest speakers at an event this Tuesday, July 31, to collect food items for the DOE Feeds Families drive.

  19. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joel Morrison

    2005-09-14

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of April 1, 2005 through June 30, 2005. During this time period efforts were directed toward (1) GSTC administration changes, (2) participating in the American Gas Association Operations Conference and Biennial Exhibition, (3) issuing a Request for Proposals (RFP) for proposal solicitation for funding, and (4) organizing the proposal selection meeting.

  20. Current balancing for battery strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Galloway, James H.

    1985-01-01

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

  1. Dual shell pressure balanced vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fassbender, Alexander G.

    1992-01-01

    A dual-wall pressure balanced vessel for processing high viscosity slurries at high temperatures and pressures having an outer pressure vessel and an inner vessel with an annular space between the vessels pressurized at a pressure slightly less than or equivalent to the pressure within the inner vessel.

  2. Burner balancing Salem Harbor Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sload, A.W.; Dube, R.J.

    1995-12-31

    The traditional method of burner balancing is first to determine the fuel distribution, then to measure the economizer outlet excess oxygen distribution and to adjust the burners accordingly. Fuel distribution is typically measured by clean and dirty air probing. Coal pipe flow can then be adjusted, if necessary, through the use of coal pipe orificing or by other means. Primary air flow must be adjusted to meet the design criteria of the burner. Once coal pipe flow is balanced to within the desired criteria, secondary air flow to individual burners can be changed by adjusting windbox dampers, burner registers, shrouds or other devices in the secondary air stream. This paper discusses problems encountered in measuring excess O{sub 2} at the economizer outlet. It is important to recognize that O{sub 2} measurements at the economizer outlet, by themselves, can be very misleading. If measurement problems are suspected or encountered, an alternate approach similar to that described should be considered. The alternate method is not only useful for burner balancing but also can be used to help in calibrating the plant excess O{sub 2} instruments and provide an on line means of cross-checking excess air measurements. Balanced burners operate closer to their design stoichiometry, providing better NO{sub x} reduction. For Salem Harbor Station, this means a significant saving in urea consumption.

  3. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

    2007-06-30

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is crucial in meeting the needs of these new markets. To address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance the operational flexibility and deliverability of the nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost-effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of April 1, 2007 through June 30, 2007. Key activities during this time period included: (1) Organizing and hosting the 2007 GSTC Spring Meeting; (2) Identifying the 2007 GSTC projects, issuing award or declination letters, and begin drafting subcontracts; (3) 2007 project mentoring teams identified; (4) New NETL Project Manager; (5) Preliminary planning for the 2007 GSTC Fall Meeting; (6) Collecting and compiling the 2005 GSTC project final reports; and (7) Outreach and communications.

  4. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

    2006-05-10

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of January 1, 2006 through March 31, 2006. Activities during this time period were: (1) Organize and host the 2006 Spring Meeting in San Diego, CA on February 21-22, 2006; (2) Award 8 projects for co-funding by GSTC for 2006; (3) New members recruitment; and (4) Improving communications.

  5. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

    2007-03-31

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is crucial in meeting the needs of these new markets. To address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created - the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance the operational flexibility and deliverability of the nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost-effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of January1, 2007 through March 31, 2007. Key activities during this time period included: {lg_bullet} Drafting and distributing the 2007 RFP; {lg_bullet} Identifying and securing a meeting site for the GSTC 2007 Spring Proposal Meeting; {lg_bullet} Scheduling and participating in two (2) project mentoring conference calls; {lg_bullet} Conducting elections for four Executive Council seats; {lg_bullet} Collecting and compiling the 2005 GSTC Final Project Reports; and {lg_bullet} Outreach and communications.

  6. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

    2006-07-06

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission & distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of April 1 to June 30, 2006. Key activities during this time period include: (1) Develop and process subcontract agreements for the eight projects selected for cofunding at the February 2006 GSTC Meeting; (2) Compiling and distributing the three 2004 project final reports to the GSTC Full members; (3) Develop template, compile listserv, and draft first GSTC Insider online newsletter; (4) Continue membership recruitment; (5) Identify projects and finalize agenda for the fall GSTC/AGA Underground Storage Committee Technology Transfer

  7. Binary classification of items of interest in a repeatable process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abell, Jeffrey A; Spicer, John Patrick; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Chakraborty, Debejyo

    2015-01-06

    A system includes host and learning machines. Each machine has a processor in electrical communication with at least one sensor. Instructions for predicting a binary quality status of an item of interest during a repeatable process are recorded in memory. The binary quality status includes passing and failing binary classes. The learning machine receives signals from the at least one sensor and identifies candidate features. Features are extracted from the candidate features, each more predictive of the binary quality status. The extracted features are mapped to a dimensional space having a number of dimensions proportional to the number of extracted features. The dimensional space includes most of the passing class and excludes at least 90 percent of the failing class. Received signals are compared to the boundaries of the recorded dimensional space to predict, in real time, the binary quality status of a subsequent item of interest.

  8. Balanced pressure gerotor fuel pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Raney, Michael Raymond; Maier, Eugen

    2004-08-03

    A gerotor pump for pressurizing gasoline fuel is capable of developing pressures up to 2.0 MPa with good mechanical and volumetric efficiency and satisfying the durability requirements for an automotive fuel pump. The pump has been designed with optimized clearances and by including features that promote the formation of lubricating films of pressurized fuel. Features of the improved pump include the use of a shadow port in the side plate opposite the outlet port to promote balancing of high fuel pressures on the opposite sides of the rotors. Inner and outer rotors have predetermined side clearances with the clearances of the outer rotor being greater than those of the inner rotor in order to promote fuel pressure balance on the sides of the outer rotor. Support of the inner rotor and a drive shaft on a single bushing with bearing sleeves maintains concentricity. Additional features are disclosed.

  9. NMED COMMENTS ITEM 3 REVISE VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) TARGET...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... relative to anoxic corrosion and microbial gas ... 10-WC3011, Work Control Process WP 12-IS.01-7, ... Methane Sampling Operations) Sample Line ...

  10. Gas venting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Edwin F.

    1976-01-01

    Improved gas venting from radioactive-material containers which utilizes the passageways between interbonded impervious laminae.

  11. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lifecycle Energy Balance

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lifecycle Energy Balance to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lifecycle Energy Balance on Facebook Tweet about ...

  12. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.3 Natural Gas Production and Distribution

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    1 Natural Gas Overview (Trillion Cubic Feet) Supplemental Net Storage Balancing Production Gas Import Withdrawal Item (1) Consumption (2) 1980 19.40 0.15 0.94 0.02 -0.64 19.88 1981 19.18 0.18 0.84 -0.30 -0.50 19.40 1982 17.82 0.14 0.88 -0.31 -0.54 18.00 1983 16.09 0.13 0.86 0.45 -0.70 16.83 1984 17.47 0.11 0.79 -0.20 -0.22 17.95 1985 16.45 0.13 0.89 0.23 -0.43 17.28 1986 16.06 0.11 0.69 -0.15 -0.49 16.22 1987 16.62 0.10 0.94 -0.01 -0.44 17.21 1988 17.10 0.10 1.22 0.06 -0.45 18.03 1989 17.31 0.11

  13. Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box field test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giangiacomo, L.A.

    1999-05-28

    The Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box is a seal assembly for polished rod pumping installations commonly used in oil and gas pumping well installations to contain produced well fluids. The improved stuffing box was developed and patented by Harold H. Palmour of The Palmour Group of Livingston, TX. The stuffing box is designed to reduce the incidence of seal leakage and to utilize an environmentally safe fluid, so that if there is any leakage, environmental damage is reduced or eliminated. The unit was tested on two wells at the Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center. During the test period, the performance of the stuffing box was measured by monitoring the pressure on the tubing and the inner chamber with a Barton Two-pen recorder. The amount of safe fluid consumed, fluid leakage at the top of the stuffing box, pressure supplied from the nitrogen bottle, ambient temperature, and polish rod temperature was recorded. The stuffing box is capable of providing a better seal between well fluids an d the environment than conventional stuffing boxes. It allows the polished rod to operate cooler and with lubrication, extending the life of the packing elements, and reducing the amount of attention required to prevent leakage.

  14. Balancing oil and environment... responsibly.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weimer, Walter C.; Teske, Lisa

    2007-01-25

    Balancing Oil and Environment…Responsibly As the price of oil continues to skyrocket and global oil production nears the brink, pursuing unconventional oil supplies, such as oil shale, oil sands, heavy oils, and oils from biomass and coal has become increasingly attractive. Of particular significance to the American way is that our continent has significant quantities of these resources. Tapping into these new resources, however, requires cutting-edge technologies for identification, production, processing and environmental management. This job needs a super hero or two for a job of this size and proportion…

  15. SF6432-CI (02-01-12) Commercial Items

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2/01/12 Page 1 of 14 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CI (02/01/12) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS

  16. The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944-2009 | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Pits The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944-2009 The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944-2009 The United States has released an inventory of its plutonium balances...

  17. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gas Co. announced on Monday, March 20, that it will require the balancing of some Load Management (Market Area) Service (LMS-MA) contracts as a result of system imbalances. The...

  18. Control of Suspect/Counterfeit and Defective Items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheriff, Marnelle L.

    2013-09-03

    This procedure implements portions of the requirements of MSC-MP-599, Quality Assurance Program Description. It establishes the Mission Support Alliance (MSA) practices for minimizing the introduction of and identifying, documenting, dispositioning, reporting, controlling, and disposing of suspect/counterfeit and defective items (S/CIs). employees whose work scope relates to Safety Systems (i.e., Safety Class [SC] or Safety Significant [SS] items), non-safety systems and other applications (i.e., General Service [GS]) where engineering has determined that their use could result in a potential safety hazard. MSA implements an effective Quality Assurance (QA) Program providing a comprehensive network of controls and verification providing defense-in-depth by preventing the introduction of S/CIs through the design, procurement, construction, operation, maintenance, and modification of processes. This procedure focuses on those safety systems, and other systems, including critical load paths of lifting equipment, where the introduction of S/CIs would have the greatest potential for creating unsafe conditions.

  19. Apparatus and method for identification and recognition of an item with ultrasonic patterns from item subsurface micro-features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perkins, R.W.; Fuller, J.L.; Doctor, S.R.; Good, M.S.; Heasler, P.G.; Skorpik, J.R.; Hansen, N.H.

    1995-09-26

    The present invention is a means and method for identification and recognition of an item by ultrasonic imaging of material microfeatures and/or macrofeatures within the bulk volume of a material. The invention is based upon ultrasonic interrogation and imaging of material microfeatures within the body of material by accepting only reflected ultrasonic energy from a preselected plane or volume within the material. An initial interrogation produces an identification reference. Subsequent new scans are statistically compared to the identification reference for making a match/non-match decision. 15 figs.

  20. Apparatus and method for identification and recognition of an item with ultrasonic patterns from item subsurface micro-features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard W.; Fuller, James L.; Doctor, Steven R.; Good, Morris S.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Skorpik, James R.; Hansen, Norman H.

    1995-01-01

    The present invention is a means and method for identification and recognition of an item by ultrasonic imaging of material microfeatures and/or macrofeatures within the bulk volume of a material. The invention is based upon ultrasonic interrogation and imaging of material microfeatures within the body of material by accepting only reflected ultrasonic energy from a preselected plane or volume within the material. An initial interrogation produces an identification reference. Subsequent new scans are statistically compared to the identification reference for making a match/non-match decision.

  1. Gas separating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gollan, Arye

    1988-01-01

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing.

  2. Gas separating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gollan, Arye Z. [Newton, MA

    1990-12-25

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing.

  3. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

    2006-09-30

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created-the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of July 1, 2006 to September 30, 2006. Key activities during this time period include: {lg_bullet} Subaward contracts for all 2006 GSTC projects completed; {lg_bullet} Implement a formal project mentoring process by a mentor team; {lg_bullet} Upcoming Technology Transfer meetings: {sm_bullet} Finalize agenda for the American Gas Association Fall Underground Storage Committee/GSTC Technology Transfer Meeting in San Francisco, CA. on October 4, 2006; {sm_bullet} Identify projects and finalize agenda for the Fall GSTC Technology

  4. GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert W. Watson

    2004-07-15

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. Base funding for the consortium is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In addition, funding is anticipated from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and was completed on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project included the creation of the GSTC structure, development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with

  5. GAS STORAGE TECHNOLGOY CONSORTIUM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert W. Watson

    2004-04-23

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. Base funding for the consortium is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In addition, funding is anticipated from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and is scheduled for completion on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project includes the creation of the GSTC structure, development of constitution (by-laws) for the consortium, and development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for

  6. GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert W. Watson

    2004-04-17

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. Base funding for the consortium is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In addition, funding is anticipated from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and is scheduled for completion on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project includes the creation of the GSTC structure, development of constitution (by-laws) for the consortium, and development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for

  7. Method of locating related items in a geometric space for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, B.A.

    1999-07-27

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method is especially beneficial for communicating databases with many items, and with non-regular relationship patterns. Examples of such databases include databases containing items such as scientific papers or patents, related by citations or keywords. A computer system adapted for practice of the present invention can include a processor, a storage subsystem, a display device, and computer software to direct the location and display of the entities. The method comprises assigning numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. A matrix is constructed, based on the numeric values. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix are determined. Each item is located in the geometric space at coordinates determined from the eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Proper construction of the matrix and proper determination of coordinates from eigenvectors can ensure that distance between items in the geometric space is representative of the numeric value measure of the items' similarity. 12 figs.

  8. Method of locating related items in a geometric space for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, Bruce A.

    1999-01-01

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method is especially beneficial for communicating databases with many items, and with non-regular relationship patterns. Examples of such databases include databases containing items such as scientific papers or patents, related by citations or keywords. A computer system adapted for practice of the present invention can include a processor, a storage subsystem, a display device, and computer software to direct the location and display of the entities. The method comprises assigning numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. A matrix is constructed, based on the numeric values. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix are determined. Each item is located in the geometric space at coordinates determined from the eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Proper construction of the matrix and proper determination of coordinates from eigenvectors can ensure that distance between items in the geometric space is representative of the numeric value measure of the items' similarity.

  9. Device for balancing parallel strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mashikian, Matthew S.

    1985-01-01

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means in association with each of the battery strings in the battery plant for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings by equalizing the voltage across each of the battery strings. Each of the magnetic circuit means generally comprises means for sensing the electrical current flow through one of the battery strings, and a saturable reactor having a main winding connected electrically in series with the battery string, a bias winding connected to a source of alternating current and a control winding connected to a variable source of direct current controlled by the sensing means. Each of the battery strings is formed by a plurality of batteries connected electrically in series, and these battery strings are connected electrically in parallel across common bus conductors.

  10. A simple model of hohlraum power balance and mitigation of SRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, Brian J.; Montgomery, David S.; Yin, Lin; Kline, John L.

    2016-01-01

    A simple energy balance model has been obtained for laser-plasma heating in indirect drive hohlraum plasma that allows rapid temperature scaling and evolution with parameters such as plasma density and composition. Furthermore, this model enables assessment of the effects on plasma temperature of, e.g., adding high-Z dopant to the gas fill or magnetic fields.

  11. Virginia Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Virginia Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 ...

  12. GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert W. Watson

    2004-10-18

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and was completed on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project included the creation of the GSTC structure, development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with Phase 1B and encompasses the period July 1, 2004, through September 30, 2004. During this time period there were three main activities. First was the ongoing

  13. Balancing radar receiver channels with commutation. (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Balancing radar receiver channels with commutation. Abstract not provided. Authors: Doerry, Armin Walter Publication Date: 2015-01-01 OSTI Identifier: 1244859 Report ...

  14. EIA-930 Hourly and Daily Balancing ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... file retrieval using business-to-business data transfer or web services technology. ... but are to be included in the posted hourly value for balancing authority net generation. ...

  15. Gas separating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gollan, A.Z.

    1990-12-25

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing. 3 figs.

  16. Natural Gas

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage ...

  17. Gas magnetometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walker, Thad Gilbert; Lancor, Brian Robert; Wyllie, Robert

    2016-05-03

    Measurement of a precessional rate of a gas, such as an alkali gas, in a magnetic field is made by promoting a non-uniform precession of the gas in which substantially no net magnetic field affects the gas during a majority of the precession cycle. This allows sensitive gases that would be subject to spin-exchange collision de-phasing to be effectively used for extremely sensitive measurements in the presence of an environmental magnetic field such as the Earth's magnetic field.

  18. Gas separating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gollan, A.

    1988-03-29

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing. 3 figs.

  19. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed ...

  20. NQA-1 Requirements for Commercial Grade Item Acceptance: ICONE20-54738

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Valkenburg, Taunia S.; Holmes, Richard A.; Tepley, Daniel J.; Sandquist, Gary

    2012-07-19

    Objectives are: (1) Present the DOE Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (CMRR) Project Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication Process; and (2) Present CMRR Project CGI Lessons-Learned.

  1. Multi-cylinder hot gas engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corey, J.A.

    1985-06-11

    A multi-cylinder hot gas engine is described having an equal angle, V-shaped engine block in which two banks of parallel, equal length, equally sized cylinders are formed together with annular regenerator/cooler units surrounding each cylinder, and wherein the pistons are connected to a single crankshaft. The hot gas engine further includes an annular heater head disposed around a central circular combustor volume having a new balanced-flow hot-working-fluid manifold assembly that provides optimum balanced flow of the working fluid through the heater head working fluid passageways which are connected between each of the cylinders and their respective associated annular regenerator units. This balanced flow provides even heater head temperatures and, therefore, maximum average working fluid temperature for best operating efficiency with the use of a single crankshaft V-shaped engine block. 11 figs.

  2. Multi-cylinder hot gas engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corey, John A.

    1985-01-01

    A multi-cylinder hot gas engine having an equal angle, V-shaped engine block in which two banks of parallel, equal length, equally sized cylinders are formed together with annular regenerator/cooler units surrounding each cylinder, and wherein the pistons are connected to a single crankshaft. The hot gas engine further includes an annular heater head disposed around a central circular combustor volume having a new balanced-flow hot-working-fluid manifold assembly that provides optimum balanced flow of the working fluid through the heater head working fluid passageways which are connected between each of the cylinders and their respective associated annular regenerator units. This balanced flow provides even heater head temperatures and, therefore, maximum average working fluid temperature for best operating efficiency with the use of a single crankshaft V-shaped engine block.

  3. Testing of a low-cost item monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.J.; Cunningham, K.R.; Hoover, C.E.; Trujillo, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Material control is an important element of any security system which seeks to address the insider threat. Sandia has developed Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) which is a remote sensor system that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Rockwell International/Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) and Sandia have conducted a long-term evaluation of the WATCH system in an operating production facility. Testing was conducted in a large scale, remote access storage vault for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). A total of fourteen WATCH units were placed on storage containers in the vault. A schedule was established which provided prearranged movement of monitored containers on a regular basis. The test objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility of using the WATCH system technology to implement material control concepts, (2) the system performance in an active production area, and high radiation environment, (3) the sensitivity settings required for optimum system performance, and (4) the spatial resolution of the transmitter/receiver utilized.

  4. Testing of a low-cost item monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.J.; Cunningham, K.R.; Hoover, C.E.; Trujillo, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Material control is an important element of any security system which seeks to address the insider threat. Sandia has developed Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) which is a remote sensory system that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Rockwell International/Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) and Sandia have conducted a long-term evaluation of the WATCH system in an operating production facility. Testing was conducted in a large scale, remote access storage vault for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). A total of fourteen WATCH units were placed on storage containers in the vault. A schedule was established which provided prearranged movement of monitored containers on a regular basis. The test objectives were to determine 1) the feasibility of using the WATCH system technology to implement material control concepts, 2) the system performance in an active production area, and high radiation environment, 3) the sensitivity settings required for optimum system performance, and 4) the spatial resolution of the transmitter/receiver utilized.

  5. MHTGR steam generator on-line heat balance, instrumentation and function

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klapka, R.E.; Howard, W.W.; Etzel, K.T. ); Basol, M.; Karim, N.U. )

    1991-09-01

    Instrumentation is used to measure the Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (MHTGR) steam generator dissimilar metal weld temperature during start-up testing. Additional instrumentation is used to determine an on-line heat balance which is maintained during the 40 year module life. In the process of calibrating the on-line heat balance, the helium flow is adjusted to yield the optimum boiling level in the steam generator relative to the dissimilar metal weld. After calibration is complete the weld temperature measurement is non longer required. The reduced boiling level range results in less restrictive steam generator design constraints.

  6. Unconventional Natural Gas

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 21 Exhibit 1-9 U.S. oil- and gas-producing ... for natural gas extraction (NETL, 2014) ... shale gas, tight gas sands, and coalbed methane resources. ...

  7. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-14

    A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed ECOR system at the Southern Great Plains (SGP), North Slope of Alaska (NSA), Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), ARM Mobile Facility 1 (AMF1), and ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2). The surface energy balance system consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

  8. Balance Calibration A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Stears

    2010-07-01

    Paper Title: Balance Calibration A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customers location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturers specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom

  9. US imports and exports of natural gas, 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-03

    United States pipeline imports and exports of natural gas and of liquefied natural gas (LNG) are given for 1979. Data are filed on Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Form FPC-14 by 28 pipeline companies. Volume and unit cost for imports and for exports of both natural gas and LNG are given by company and by year. Most data are for the two most recent years, with a summary table of the US natural gas pipeline import/export balance since 1955. An introductory text highlights gas and LNG imports and exports for the countries of destination. 7 tables.

  10. Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On September 1, 2011, DOE announced $42.4 million in funding over three years for the Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction (BOS-X) funding opportunity. Part of the SunShot Systems...

  11. Work and Life Balance | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Balancing Work with Life Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on ...

  12. Background-free balanced optical cross correlator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nejadmalayeri, Amir Hossein; Kaertner, Franz X

    2014-12-23

    A balanced optical cross correlator includes an optical waveguide, a first photodiode including a first n-type semiconductor and a first p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a first side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry, and a second photodiode including a second n-type semiconductor and a second p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a second side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry. A balanced receiver including first and second inputs is configured to produce an output current or voltage that reflects a difference in currents or voltages, originating from the first and the second photodiodes of the balanced cross correlator and fed to the first input and to the second input of the balanced receiver.

  13. Annual Uncosted Balances Reports | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Annual Uncosted Balances Reports Annual Uncosted Balances Reports Section 2307 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13526) requires the Department of Energy (Department or DOE) to submit an annual report to Congress on the state of the Department's uncosted obligations. The section requires the report to identify the uncosted obligations at the end of the previous fiscal year (FY), describe the purpose of those funds, and describe the effect the information had on the annual budget

  14. Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Balanced Scorecard Program Balanced Scorecard Program I. Introduction The BSC is a conceptual framework for translating an organization's vision into a set of performance indicators distributed among four perspectives: Financial, Customer, Internal Business Processes, and Learning and Growth. Indicators are maintained to measure an organization's progress toward achieving its vision; other indicators are maintained to measure the long term drivers of success. Through the BSC, an organization

  15. Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells ... Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and ...

  16. New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas ... Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas Wells New Mexico Natural Gas Gross ...

  17. Natural gas information 1996 (1997 edition)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-09-16

    A detailed reference work on gas supply and demand covering not only the OECD countries but also the rest of the world, this publication contains essential information on LNG and pipeline trade, gas reserves, storage capacity, and prices. The main part of the book concentrates on OECD countries, showing a detailed gas supply and demand balance for each country and for three OECD regions: North America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific, as well as a breakdown of gas consumption by end-user. Import and export data are reported by source and destination. Also included are maps of the pipeline systems in 25 IEA countries and information on their ownership and operations, transit of gas, regulatory features, and transportation tariffs.

  18. FY 2011 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2011 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2011 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report represents an analysis of the Department's uncosted balances for FY 2011. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2011 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis of uncosted balances in

  19. Gas hydrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-04-01

    There is a definite need for the US government to provide leadership for research in gas hydrates and to coordinate its activities with academia, industry, private groups, federal agencies, and their foreign counterparts. In response to this need, the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center implemented a gas hydrates R and D program. Understanding the resource will be achieved through: assessment of current technology; characterization of gas hydrate geology and reservoir engineering; and development of diagnostic tools and methods. Research to date has focused on geology. As work progressed, areas where gas hydrates are likely to occur were identified, and specific high potential areas were targeted for future detailed investigation. Initial research activities involved the development of the Geologic Analysis System (GAS); which will provide, through approximately 30 software packages, the capability to manipulate and correlate several types of geologic and petroleum data into maps, graphics, and reports. Preliminary mapping of hydrate prospects for the Alaskan North Slope is underway. Geological research includes physical system characterization which focuses on creating synthetic methane hydrates and developing synthetic hydrate cores using tetrahydrofuran, consolidated rock cores, frost base mixtures, water/ice base mixtures, and water base mixtures. Laboratory work produced measurements of the sonic velocity and electrical resistivity of these synthetic hydrates. During 1983, a sample from a natural hydrate core recovered from the Pacific coast of Guatemala was tested for these properties by METC. More recently, a natural hydrate sample from the Gulf of Mexico was also acquired and testing of this sample is currently underway. In addition to the development of GAS, modeling and systems analysis work focused on the development of conceptual gas hydrate production models. 16 figs., 6 tabs.

  20. Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) This chapter ...

  1. IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    world Bracher, B. 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS; MAINTENANCE; REPAIR Field balancing can achieve significant...

  2. Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon September 28, 2011 - 10:57am Addthis The Team...

  3. Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    defines charges for balancing services, or generation inputs, that maintain a constant balance of the energy produced and energy consumed. "BPA and the parties involved in this...

  4. Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances for the Power Reactors...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances for the Power Reactors for the Power Reactors Michael J. Smith Michael J. Smith NAC International NAC ...

  5. Florida Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Florida Natural Gas Number of Gas and ...2016 Referring Pages: Number of Producing Gas Wells (Summary) Florida Natural Gas Summary

  6. Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item July 1, 2010 - 5:11pm Addthis Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE A new federal tax credit is helping McQuay International expand its line of energy-efficient HVAC products at two of its plants and bring back furloughed workers. With the help of a 48C manufacturing tax credit worth $2 million under the American

  7. Trends and balances: 1985-1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.

  8. Natural gas monthly, October 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-10-01

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Order 636 prompted an increase of natural gas market centers (trading hubs) across the United States and Canada. These regulations allow customers (end users) to select services directly from producers and marketers. Pipeline companies must provide transportation unbundled from sales services, provide open access to transportation, and provide open access to storage. FERC Order 636-B also requires market centers to be fairly small, i.e., a 30-mile radius around a central point. Some market centers are designed to offer a variety of physical services, including storage, parking, wheeling, pooling, balancing, and peaking. Financial or transactional services, such as title transfers, capacity release, nomination, electronic trading, risk management, and credit are also being offered. The Electronic Bulletin Board (EBB) services through these centers will provide a variety of information on pricing; weather; cash trading to match bids; physical gas offers; as well as financial, regulatory, and industry news.

  9. Gas sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmid, Andreas K.; Mascaraque, Arantzazu; Santos, Benito; de la Figuera, Juan

    2014-09-09

    A gas sensor is described which incorporates a sensor stack comprising a first film layer of a ferromagnetic material, a spacer layer, and a second film layer of the ferromagnetic material. The first film layer is fabricated so that it exhibits a dependence of its magnetic anisotropy direction on the presence of a gas, That is, the orientation of the easy axis of magnetization will flip from out-of-plane to in-plane when the gas to be detected is present in sufficient concentration. By monitoring the change in resistance of the sensor stack when the orientation of the first layer's magnetization changes, and correlating that change with temperature one can determine both the identity and relative concentration of the detected gas. In one embodiment the stack sensor comprises a top ferromagnetic layer two mono layers thick of cobalt deposited upon a spacer layer of ruthenium, which in turn has a second layer of cobalt disposed on its other side, this second cobalt layer in contact with a programmable heater chip.

  10. Work-Life Balance | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Work-Life Balance Balancing work and life means prioritizing what is important to you. Argonne supports employees who want to coordinate work, home and community activities. Lab-provided benefits that help you do that include on-site child care, a credit union, flexible work schedules, generous leave and vacation programs, and much more. A wide variety of social clubs at Argonne promote fellowship and diversity. You can work at Argonne and also have a life of interest and fulfillment. "I

  11. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review | Department of Energy Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review This is the

  12. Techniques for reducing error in the calorimetric measurement of low wattage items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sedlacek, W.A.; Hildner, S.S.; Camp, K.L.; Cremers, T.L.

    1993-08-01

    The increased need for the measurement of low wattage items with production calorimeters has required the development of techniques to maximize the precision and accuracy of the calorimeter measurements. An error model for calorimetry measurements is presented. This model is used as a basis for optimizing calorimetry measurements through baseline interpolation. The method was applied to the heat measurement of over 100 items and the results compared to chemistry assay and mass spectroscopy.

  13. FY 2010 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Annual Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2010 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2010 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report represents an analysis of the Department's uncosted balances for FY 2010. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2010 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis of uncosted

  14. FY 2013 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Annual Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2013 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2013 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report presents the results of the Department's annual analysis of uncosted balances for FY 2013. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2013 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis

  15. FY 2012 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Annual Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2012 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2012 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report presents the results of the Department's annual analysis of uncosted balances for FY 2012. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2012 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis

  16. FY 2014 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Uncosted Balances Reports » FY 2014 Annual Uncosted Balances Report FY 2014 Annual Uncosted Balances Report This report presents the results of the Department's annual analysis of uncosted balances for FY 2014. In FY 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided the Department an additional $36.7 billion of funding. The FY 2014 uncosted balances associated with Recovery Act funding are separately presented but are not included in the additional analysis of

  17. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Annual Energy Outlook

    natural gas demand, thereby contributing to larger net injections of natural gas into storage. Other Market Trends: EIA Releases The Natural Gas Annual 2006: The Energy...

  18. Natural Gas Applications

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Gas Applications. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Home Page Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Applications...

  19. Effects of shielding gas compositions on arc plasma and metal transfer in gas metal arc welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, Z. H.; Liao, S. M.; Tsai, H. L.

    2010-02-15

    This article presents the effects of shielding gas compositions on the transient transport phenomena, including the distributions of temperature, flow velocity, current density, and electromagnetic force in the arc and the metal, and arc pressure in gas metal arc welding of mild steel at a constant current input. The shielding gas considered includes pure argon, 75% Ar, 50% Ar, and 25% Ar with the balance of helium. It is found that the shielding gas composition has significant influences on the arc characteristics; droplet formation, detachment, transfer, and impingement onto the workpiece; and weld pool dynamics and weld bead profile. As helium increases in the shielding gas, the droplet size increases but the droplet detachment frequency decreases. For helium-rich gases, the current converges at the workpiece with a 'ring' shape which produces non-Gaussian-like distributions of arc pressure and temperature along the workpiece surface. Detailed explanations to the physics of the very complex but interesting transport phenomena are given.

  20. Wind Integration Program: Balancing the Future

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Integration Program: Balancing the Future Initial Discussions 3072012 2 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Background BPA has implemented a number...

  1. An unconventional method for load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Y.; McCoy, R.A.; Marr, R.B.

    1995-12-01

    A new method of load balancing is introduced based on the idea of dynamically relocating virtual processes corresponding to computations on an abstract system with a larger number of processors. The algorithm introduced preserves the locality of nearest neighbor interactions and has been tested on simulated data and a molecular dynamics code.

  2. An unconventional method for load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Y.; McCoy, R.A.; Marr, R.B.; Peierls, R.F.

    1995-08-01

    A new method of load balancing is introduced based on the idea of dynamically relocating virtual processes corresponding to computations on an abstract system with a large number of processors. The algorithm introduced preserves the locality of nearest neighbor interactions and has been tested on simulated data and a molecular dynamics code.

  3. Torque-balanced vibrationless rotary coupling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miller, Donald M. (Sunnyside, WA)

    1980-01-01

    This disclosure describes a torque-balanced vibrationless rotary coupling for transmitting rotary motion without unwanted vibration into the spindle of a machine tool. A drive member drives a driven member using flexible connecting loops which are connected tangentially and at diametrically opposite connecting points through a free floating ring.

  4. Energy balance of ENDF/B-VI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacFarlane, R.E.

    1994-06-01

    ENDF/B-VI through Release 2 has been tested for neutron-photon energy balance using the Heater module of the NJOY nuclear data procesing system. The situation is much improved over ENDF/B-V, but there are still a number of maerials that show problems.

  5. New Mexico Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Base Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) ... Underground Base Natural Gas in Storage - All Operators New Mexico Underground Natural Gas ...

  6. New York Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Base Gas) (Million Cubic Feet) New York Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas) ... Underground Base Natural Gas in Storage - All Operators New York Underground Natural Gas ...

  7. Shale gas is natural gas trapped inside

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Shale gas is natural gas trapped inside formations of shale - fine grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. Just a few years ago, much of ...

  8. GAS SEAL

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Monson, H.; Hutter, E.

    1961-07-11

    A seal is described for a cover closing an opening in the top of a pressure vessel that may house a nuclear reactor. The seal comprises a U-shaped trough formed on the pressure vessel around the opening therein, a mass of metal in the trough, and an edge flange on the cover extending loosely into the trough and dipping into the metal mass. The lower portion of the metal mass is kept melted, and the upper portion, solid. The solid pontion of the metal mass prevents pressure surges in the vessel from expelling the liquid portion of the metal mass from the trough; the liquld portion, thus held in place by the solid portion, does not allow gas to go through, and so gas cannot escape through shrinkage holes in the solid portion.

  9. ,"Natural Gas Consumption",,,"Natural Gas Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Census Division, 1999" ,"Natural Gas Consumption",,,"Natural Gas Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand cubic feet)","per Square Foot (cubic feet)","per Worker (thousand cubic...

  10. Insert metering plates for gas turbine nozzles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burdgick, Steven S.; Itzel, Gary; Chopra, Sanjay; Abuaf, Nesim; Correia, Victor H.

    2004-05-11

    The invention comprises a metering plate which is assembled to an impingement insert for use in the nozzle of a gas turbine. The metering plate can have one or more metering holes and is used to balance the cooling flow within the nozzle. A metering plate with multiple holes reduces static pressure variations which result from the cooling airflow through the metering plate. The metering plate can be assembled to the insert before or after the insert is inserted into the nozzle.

  11. Dry Natural Gas

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Estimated natural gas plant liquids and dry natural gas content of total natural gas proved reserves, 2014 million barrels and billion cubic feet 2014 Dry Natural Gas billion cubic ...

  12. Major challenges loom for natural gas industry, study says

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Driscoll, M.

    1994-01-28

    The 1994 edition of Natural Gas Trends, the annual joint study by Cambridge Energy Research Associates and Arthur Anderson Co., says that new oil-to-gas competition, price risks and the prospect of unbundling for local distribution companies loom as major challenges for the natural gas industry. With a tighter supply-demand balance in the past two years compounded by the fall in oil prices, gas is in head-to-head competition with oil for marginal markets, the report states. And with higher gas prices in 1993, industrial demand growth slowed while utility demand for gas fell. Some of this was related to fuel switching, particularly in the electric utility sector. Total electric power demand for gas has risen slightly due to the growth in industrial power generation, but there has yet to be a pronounced surge in gas use during the 1990s - a decade in which many had expected gas to make major inroads into the electric power sector, the report states. And while utilities still have plans to add between 40,000 and 45,000 megawatts of gas-fired generating capacity, gas actually has lost ground in the utility market to coal and nuclear power: In 1993, electricity output from coal and nuclear rose, while gas-fired generation fell to an estimated 250 billion kilowatt-hours - the lowest level since 1986, when gas generated 246 billion kwh.

  13. Natural Gas Basics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL Clean Cities

    2010-04-01

    Fact sheet answers questions about natural gas production and use in transportation. Natural gas vehicles are also described.

  14. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, D. R.

    2016-01-01

    A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System (ECOR) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility’s Southern Great Plains (SGP) site, North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site, first ARM Mobile Facility (AMF1), second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2), and third ARM Mobile Facility (AMF3) at Oliktok Point (OLI). A SEBS was also deployed with the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site, before it was decommissioned. Data from these sites, including the retired TWP, are available in the ARM Data Archive. The SEBS consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

  15. New York Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) New York Natural Gas Number of Gas and ... Number of Producing Gas Wells Number of Producing Gas Wells (Summary) New York Natural Gas ...

  16. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Instrument Handbook

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    92 Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Instrument Handbook DR Cook January 2016 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

  17. Isorropia Partitioning and Load Balancing Package

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2006-09-01

    Isorropia is a partitioning and load balancing package which interfaces with the Zoltan library. Isorropia can accept input objects such as matrices and matrix-graphs, and repartition/redistribute them into a better data distribution on parallel computers. Isorropia is primarily an interface package, utilizing graph and hypergraph partitioning algorithms that are in the Zoltan library which is a third-party library to Tilinos.

  18. Concentrations and mass balance of mercury in a fluidized bed sewage sludge incineration plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saenger, M.; Werther, J.; Hanssen, H.

    1999-07-01

    The fluidized bed sewage sludge incineration plant of the city of Hamburg started its operation in May 1997. In cooperation with Hamburger Stadtentwaesserung the Technical University Hamburg-Harburg undertook an experimental program to measure the mass balance of mercury across this plant. During the first months of full operation the mercury concentrations in the flue gas and in the solid residues were measured. The measurements show that the concentration in the raw flue gas is between 500 to 950 {micro}g/m{sup 3} and part of the elemental mercury depends on the chlorine content of the fuel. The concentration of the mercury in the flue gas is reduced over the first scrubber to 35--460 {micro}m/m{sup 3}. Some 77% of the mercury input are found in the sediment separated from the liquid of the acid scrubber. It is remarkable that the concentration of the elemental mercury increases while the gas passes through the scrubber. The concentration of mercury in the cleaned stack gas is less than 40 {micro}g/m{sup 3}. Since it is generally known that it is not easy to meet the limit of 50 {micro}g mercury per m{sup 3} (standard conditions, dry basis) of flue gas which is set by the German regulations for waste incineration, the measurements provide a comprehensive picture of the fate of mercury in a fluidized bed sludge incineration plant.

  19. Balanced pressure techniques applied to geothermal drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dareing, D.W.

    1981-08-01

    The objective of the study is to evaluate balanced pressure drilling techniques for use in combating lost circulation in geothermal drilling. Drilling techniques evaluated are: aerated drilling mud, parasite tubing, concentric drill pipe, jet sub, and low density fluids. Based on the present state of the art of balanced pressure drilling techniques, drilling with aerated water has the best overall balance of performance, risk, availability, and cost. Aerated water with a 19:1 free air/water ratio reduce maximum pressure unbalance between wellbore and formation pressures from 1000 psi to 50 psi. This pressure unbalance is within acceptable operating limits; however, air pockets could form and cause pressure surges in the mud system due to high percent of air. Low density fluids used with parasite tubing has the greatest potential for combating lost circulation in geothermal drilling, when performance only is considered. The top portion of the hole would be aerated through the parasite tube at a 10:1 free air/mud ratio and the low density mud could be designed so that its pressure gradient exactly matches the formation pore pressure gradient. The main problem with this system at present is the high cost of ceramic beads needed to produce low density muds.

  20. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, Russell; Ludwig, Peter; Maurer, Tessa

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution, and controls. The imbalance leads to tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity, and inefficient building operation. This research, conducted by Building America team Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61°F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1°F to 15.5°F.

  1. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, R.; Ludwig, P.; Maurer, T.

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

  2. Safeguard Application Options for the Laser-Based Item Monitoring System (LBIMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laughter, Mark D

    2008-10-01

    Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are developing a Laser-Based Item Monitoring System (LBIMS) for advanced safeguards at nuclear facilities. LBIMS uses a low-power laser transceiver to monitor the presence and position of items with retroreflective tags. The primary advantages of LBIMS are its scalability to continuously monitor a wide range of items, its ability to operate unattended, its low cost of implementation, and its inherent information security due to its line-of-sight and non-broadcasting operation. The primary proposed safeguard application of LBIMS is described in its name: item monitoring. LBIMS could be implemented in a storage area to continuously monitor containers of nuclear material and the area in which they are stored. The system could be configured to provide off-site notification if any of the containers are moved or removed or if the area is accessed. Individual tags would be used to monitor storage containers, and additional tags could be used to record information regarding secondary storage units and room access. The capability to register small changes in tag position opens up the possibility of several other uses. These include continuously monitoring piping arrangements for design information verification or recording equipment positions for other safeguards systems, such as tracking the opening and closing of autoclaves as part of a cylinder tracking system or opening and closing valves on a sample or product take-off line. Combined with attribute tags, which transmit information from any kind of sensor by modulating the laser signal, LBIMS provides the capability to wirelessly and securely collect safeguards data, even in areas where radio-frequency or other wireless communication methods are not practicable. Four application types are described in this report: static item monitoring, in-process item monitoring with trigger tags, multi-layered integration with trigger tags, and line-of-sight data transfer with

  3. TRANSFORMER FOR JOINING UNBALANCED TO BALANCED TRANSMISSION MEANS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bittner, B.J.; Opperman, R.H.

    1960-06-28

    An improved transformer is invented for joining an unbalanced transmission means to a balanced transmission means and is useful, for example, in transmitting an electromagnetic signal from a coaxial cable to a balanced dipole antenna.

  4. Cyclostrophic adjustment in swirling gas flows and the Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalashnik, M. V. Visheratin, K. N.

    2008-04-15

    A theoretical analysis of cyclostrophic adjustment is presented; i.e., adjustment to balance between pressure gradient and centrifugal force in axisymmetric flow of an inviscid gas is examined. The solution to the problem is represented as the sum of a time-independent (balanced) and time-dependent (wave) components. It is shown that the wave component of the flow in an unbounded domain decays with time, and the corresponding solution reduces to the balanced component. In a bounded domain, the balanced flow component exists against the background of undamped acoustic waves. It is found that the balanced flow is thermally stratified at Mach numbers close to unity, with a substantial decrease in gas temperature (to between -50 and -100 deg. C) in the axial region. This finding, combined with the results of special experiments, is used to explain the Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube effect.

  5. Fuel gas conditioning process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A.

    2000-01-01

    A process for conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas, so that it can be used as combustion fuel to run gas-powered equipment, including compressors, in the gas field or the gas processing plant. Compared with prior art processes, the invention creates lesser quantities of low-pressure gas per unit volume of fuel gas produced. Optionally, the process can also produce an NGL product.

  6. Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.3 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Program | Department of Energy .3 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.3 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program DATE: May 17, 2016 TO: Heads of Contracting Activities and Procurement Directors FROM: Office of Acquisition Management SUBJECT: Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.3--Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program SUMMARY: Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.3-Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program, is updated to reflect the

  7. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Balancing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet) | Department of Energy Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet) In multifamily building hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water

  8. US crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids reserves, 1977-1993 (for microcomputers). Data file

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-12-31

    The diskette contains all data published in the reserves and production tables of each annual report of U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves from 1977 through 1991 listed in 15 separate ASCII files, one per report year. Within each annual file, the records are separated by hydrocarbon type into the following: Crude Oil, Associated Dissolved Natural Gas, Nonassociated Natural Gas, Total Natural Gas, Lease Condensate, Natural Gas Plant Liquids, and Natural Gas Liquids. During the 15 years collated here, the data items gathered and published have changed, with dry versus wet natural gas being the primary difference and the consequent separation of natural gas liquids. The records are also separated by State or State subregions and a few tabulated combinations of States and State subregions. The EIA requirement to hold confidential the data gathered during the annual surveys has driven changes in the States, subregions and combinations published and therefore included in the diskette over the years. Data given on the records are the following: Proved reserves, beginning-of-year; Net Adjustments; Revision increases; Revision decreases; Extensions; New field Discoveries; New reservoirs in old fields; Production; and Reserves, end-of-year.

  9. Steam System Balancing and Tuning for Multifamily Residential Buildings in Chicagoland - Second Year of Data Collection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, J.; Ludwig, P.; Brand, L.

    2013-08-01

    Steam heated buildings often suffer from uneven heating as a result of poor control of the amount of steam entering each radiator. In order to satisfy the heating load to the coldest units, other units are overheated. As a result, some tenants complain of being too hot and open their windows in the middle of winter, while others complain of being too cold and are compelled to use supplemental heat sources. Building on previous research, CNT Energy identified 10 test buildings in Chicago and conducted a study to identify best practices for the methodology, typical costs, and energy savings associated with steam system balancing. A package of common steam balancing measures was assembled and data were collected on the buildings before and after these retrofits were installed to investigate the process, challenges, and the cost effectiveness of improving steam systems through improved venting and control systems. The test buildings that received venting upgrades and new control systems showed 10.2% savings on their natural gas heating load, with a simple payback of 5.1 years. The methodologies for and findings from this study are presented in detail in this report. This report has been updated from a version published in August 2012 to include natural gas usage information from the 2012 heating season and updated natural gas savings calculations.

  10. Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

    1997-07-01

    Disclosed is a voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means. 15 figs.

  11. Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, Fang Zheng; Lai, Jih-Sheng

    1997-01-01

    A voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means.

  12. Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudyma, Russell M.

    2001-01-01

    Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  13. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, D. R.

    2016-01-01

    The Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  14. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-23

    The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  15. Rotary engine cooling system with flow balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, C.

    1987-05-12

    This patent describes a rotary internal combustion engine having a trochoid rotor housing section and having a group of cooling passages extending through a top-dead-center (TDC) region. The engine is characterized by: at least one passage of the group following a curved path which extends through a first hotter portion of the TDC region, by at least one further passage of the group following a substantially uncurved path through a second cooler portion of the TDC region, and by a fluid restriction for restricting fluid flow through the at least one further passage to balance coolant flow between the passages.

  16. The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944 - 2009

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Rocky Flats Site 1995 Rocky Flats Site 2005 Rocky Flats Site 1995 The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944 - 2009 An update of Plutonium: The First 50 Years, DOE/DP-0137, February 1996 June 2012 ii Preface This report updates Plutonium: The first 50 years which was released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1996. The topic of both reports is plutonium, sometimes referred to as Pu-239, which is capable of sustaining a nuclear chain reaction and is used in nuclear weapons and for nuclear

  17. Heat Balance Study for Submersible Mixer Pump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.Y.

    2003-07-21

    A transient heat balance model was developed to assess the impact of a Submersible Mixer Pump (SMP) on waste temperature during the process of waste mixing and removal for the Type-I SRS tanks. The model results will be mainly used to determine the SMP design impacts on the waste tank temperature during operations and to develop a specification for a new SMP design to replace existing long-shaft mixer pumps used during waste removal. The model will also be used to provide input to the operation planning. This planning will be used as input to pump run duration in order to maintain temperature requirements within the tank during SMP operation.

  18. Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman, Henry N.; Hudyma, Russell M.; Shafer, David R.; Sweeney, Donald W.

    1999-01-01

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  19. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Intrastate Natural Gas ...

  20. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Major Natural Gas Transportation...

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    Natural Gas Regulation - Other Gas-Related Information Sources Natural Gas Regulation - Other Gas-Related Information Sources The single largest source of energy information...

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    Savine Pass, LA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Trinidad and Tobago (Million Cubic Feet) Savine Pass, LA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Trinidad and ...

  4. Certification of Completion of Item 2 of ASC FY07 Level-2 Milestone ID #2380

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    2007-03-28

    This report documents the completion of Item 2 of the three milestone deliverables that comprise Milestone ID 2380: Deploy selected Tri-Lab resource manager at LLNL and develop support model. Specifically: LLNL will integrate and support a commercial resource manager software product at LLNL to be used across the tri-lab HPC facilities.

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    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are commanding much of the attention because of their appetite for greenhouse gases, but a new player has joined the field - supramolecular organic ...

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    Protein-nanoparticle complexes formed from anionic nanoparticles bind to native albumin protein receptors. This trend is independent of nanoparticle composition; quantum dots ...

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    We synthesize highly luminescent colloidal quantum dots (photoluminescence quantum yield >90%) and precisely place them on template-stripped silver wedge waveguides. We demonstrate ...

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    any etching steps. The method combines the advantages of top-down (NIL) and bottom-up (sol-gel chemistry) approaches. After annealing at high temperatures, the photonic...

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    used to make switchable "smart" windows. More information on this research can be found on the Molecular Foundry's news archive. Read the White House press release and the full ...

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    for general use - 30 Gatan 652-Ta double tilt heating holder 23C-1000C 3030 Gatan 636-DH low background liquid nitrogen cooling holder -170C 23C 3030...

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    Facet-Dependent Photovoltaic Efficiency Variations in Perovskite Grains Sibel Leblebici, ... enhance device performance of both polycrystalline and single crystal photovoltaic devices

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    Evolving Click Chemistry SuFEx K. Barry Sharpless W. M. Keck Professor of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute What does it take to move fluoride and aryloxide ligands ...

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    Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon An international team of physicists and chemists has, for the first time, taken snapshots of band-gap jumping electrons in silicon...

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    They are generally strong light absorbers and have potential applications in solar energy harvesting. My research group is focused on the relationships between photophysics and ...

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    Facility at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry; Dr. Adam Rondinone, Task Leader for Catalysis and Industrial Liaison at Oak Ridge National Lab's Center for Nanophase Materials...

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    Beyond fluorescence. Nature 467, 407-408. 3. Ostrowski, A.D., Chan, E.M., Gargas, D.J., Katz, E.M., Han, G., Schuck, P.J., Milliron, D.J., & Cohen, B.E. (2012) Controlled synthesis...

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    Enhanced CO2 Capture in Metal-Organic Frameworks CO2 binding in BTT-type metal-organic framework: the highly porous MOF structure and, inset, detail of the CO2 binding site ...

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    The research team focused on creating a new metal-organic framework (MOF) that serves as a catalyst able to selectively turn them into alcohols, like ethanol, which is much easier ...

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    Computational Design of a New MOF for N2CH4 Separations An open vanadium(II) site incorporated into a metal-organic framework is predicted to lead to a considerably higher ...

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    of Individual Atoms Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry's TEAM I microscope, an international collaboration of users and staff measured the 3D coordinates of...

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    be. Now, users from UCLA have partnered with Molecular Foundry staff to use the TEAM microscope to image the three-dimensional positions of individual atoms to a precision of 19...

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    Milliron wins ARPA-E Grant Awards to Advance Energy Efficiency and Storage In the recently ... of the Molecular Foundry received a grant of 3 million for her work on smart window ...

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    is happening. Deirdre Olynick -- staff scientist at the Molecular Foundry Dula Parkinson -- beamline scientist at the Advanced Light Source Jim Ciston -- senior staff...

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    Two Small Business Users Awarded ARPA-E Funding Part of Cyclotron Road at Berkeley Lab, these industrial users of the Molecular Foundry were among 41 "transformational energy ...

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    On the Road to Artificial Photosynthesis The excessive atmospheric carbon dioxide that is driving global climate change could be harnessed into a renewable energy technology that ...

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    SC15 Releases Video on Berkeley Lab's Electrolyte Genome Project A new breakthrough battery-one that has significantly higher energy, lasts longer, and is cheaper and safer-will ...

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    projects; working with scientific staff to reach out to and grow new diverse, engaged and productive User communities; liaising with User Executive Committee leadership; and...

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    Since a diode acts as an electricity valve, its structure needs to be asymmetric so that electricity flowing in one direction experiences a different environment than electricity ...

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    Steve Chu, as well as Chris Murray from the University of Pennsylvania and David B. Williams from The Ohio State University who both gave keynote talks. The meeting also featured...

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    microscopy for decades, well known for their advancements in materials science, electron detector development and structural biology respectively, making the Lab a global center...

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    flexible, scaled, physical model of a polypeptide chain, which accurately reproduces the bond rotational degrees of freedom in the peptide backbone. Significance and Impact The...

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    The central nervous system relies on electrical signals traveling along neurons and ... Recent structural and biophysical studies of the protein machinery for synaptic vesicle ...

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    "This ARPA-E award is an enormous opportunity for Alveo." says Colin Wessells, CEO and lead researcher for Alveo Energy. "It will allow us to rapidly push our battery technology ...

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    properties between conducting (for applications in solar cells) and light-emitting (LEDs, lasers) simply by changing the interparticle distance in the matrix. This approach is...

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    On the Road to Spin-orbitronics In addition to negative electrical charge, electrons also carry a quantum mechanical property known as "spin," which arises from tiny magnetic ...

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    Research Could Lead to More Efficient Electrical Energy Storage Working with the Molecular ... National Laboratory have identified electrical charge-induced changes in the structure ...

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    at the Theater' event featured eight researchers, each give 8 minutes to present a "big idea." Ron Zuckermann, from the Molecular Foundry, spoke about his work with synthetic...

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    Following the merge of the Molecular Foundry and the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) at the start of FY 2015, a new logo has been created to represent the newly ...

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    are reviewed by an external board of subject-matter experts for scientific merit and feasibility. Successful proposals can be started at any time and last for a maximum of one...

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    sons and daughters aged 9-16. As part of this event, Molecular Foundry and Materials Sciences Division volunteers helped children build a 20 foot carbon nanotube balloon model....

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    from industry, academia, and government-sponsored research, ranging from chemistry to materials to biomedical breakthroughs. Of the record eight awards that recognized Berkeley Lab...

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    New measures adopted in 2013 by the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District aim to target particulate sources for mitigation that present the highest health risk to area ...

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    19, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Michael Hecht, Princeton University Title: Sustaining Life with Genes and Proteins Designed De Novo Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: Michael Hecht was born and grew up in midtown Manhattan. He received his BA in Chemistry from Cornell University, where he did undergraduate research on protein folding with Prof. Harold Scheraga. He completed his Ph.D. in Biology at MIT, where he received the first Ph.D. from Prof. Bob Sauer's lab, and did research on protein

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    26, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Igal Brener, Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT), Sandia-Los Alamos National Laboratories Title: Active Dielectric and Metallic Metasurfaces: Strong Coupling, Tuning and Nonlinearities Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Metasurfaces (2D arrays of metamaterial resonators) can be designed to exhibit strong electromagnetic resonances that can couple efficiently to emitters and a variety of excitations in semiconductors and their heterostructures. For

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Sarah Burke, University of British Columbia Title: Electronic Landscapes of Molecular Nanostructures: Mapping States for Charge Transfer with Pixel-by-Pixel Scanning Tunnelling Spectroscopy Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: My research career has centred around the use of Scanning Probe Microscopy techniques to learn about materials from a nanoscale view. My early research opportunities as an undergraduate at Dalhousie University exposed me to UHV STM manipulation

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    9, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Oleg Prezhdo, USC Title: Quantum Dots - Artificial Atoms, Large Molecules or Small Pieces of Bulk? Insights from Time-Domain Ab Initio Studies Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Quantum dots (QD) are quasi-zero dimensional structures with a unique combination of solid-state and atom-like properties. Unlike bulk or molecular materials, QD properties can be modified continuously by changing QD shape and size. Often, the bulk and molecular viewpoints contradict

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Will Dichtel, Cornell University Title: Noncovalent Binding and Dynamic Bonding in Crosslinked Polymer Networks Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Crosslinked polymers with permanent porosity provide empty spaces that facilitate valuable functions, including host-guest chemistry. For example, insoluble polymers of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), an inexpensive, sustainably produced macrocycle of glucose, are of interest to remove micropollutants from water by means

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Jean-Luc Bredas, KAUST Title: On the Nature of Polymer/Fullerene Intermolecular Interactions and their Impact on the Performance of Organic Solar Cells Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: In this presentation, we seek to provide a rationalization of the impact that inter-molecular arrangements and interactions at the polymer/fullerene interfaces have on the performance of bulk-heterojunction solar cells. We discuss the results of combined electronic-structure

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    0, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Frank van Veggel, University of Victoria Title: On the Optical and Magnetic Properties of Ln3+ Based Nanoparticles for Bio-Imaging Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: One of our main research thrusts in the field of colloidal nanomaterials and their applications is based on the trivalent lanthanide ions, which have unique optical and magnetic properties. We cover the range from synthesis and characterisation to (in vivo) applications, with a recent focus on

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    7, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Christopher Kemper Ober, Cornell University Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Fifty Years of Moore's Law - Towards Fabrication at Molecular Dimensions Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: In the last half century, critical dimensions in electronic devices have been reduced from micrometers to a few tens of nanometers on a pace that has been consistent for decades. Lithography now touches many areas of science ranging from electronics to biology and

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ondrej Krivanek, Nion Title: Atomic-Resolution and Vibrational Studies of Materials by Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopes (AC-STEMs) are able to form electron probes as small as 0.5 Å in diameter, and they can image and spectroscopically analyze single atoms in-situ. NCEM and Nion have pioneered many of these advances. Nion's main

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    1, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Donglin Jiang, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Title: Covalent Organic Frameworks: Opportunities and Challenges Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Two-dimensional covalent polymers and organic frameworks are a class of crystalline polymers that enable the incorporation of organic building blocks into periodically aligned primary and high-order structures. In recent years, we have explored the design principle, synthetic reactions,

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    June 9, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ozgur Sahin, Columbia University Title: Microbe-Powered Machines: Harnessing Water Confinement in Biological Nanostructures Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Plants and many other biological organisms have developed structures that are extraordinarily effective in harnessing spatial and temporal changes in relative humidity to actuate structural changes. It is surprising that structures and devices made by humans rarely, if ever, take advantage of this

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Anne Milasincic Andrews, UCLA Title: Chemical Neurotransmission and Functional Nanomaterials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Numerous small molecules including amino acids, amino acid derivatives, and peptides have been identified as chemical neurotransmitters. Neuronal cells using different neurotransmitters have spatially distinct patterns that translate into highly heterogeneous chemistries in brain extracellular microenvironments. Accordingly,

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    8, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mike Mills, The Ohio State University Title: Revealing the Mechanisms of Deformation in Structural Materials Using Advanced Characterization Techniques Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The international initiative on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering holds great promise for accelerating the insertion of new materials in high performance structural applications. Achieving this aim relies upon the fidelity of materials models and their ability to

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    3, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Stanley Love, NASA Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Near-Earth Asteroids: Stepping Stones to an Interplanetary Civilization Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: Most asteroids orbit the Sun beyond the orbit of Mars and never come near the Earth. But ongoing searches are finding thousands of new asteroids whose orbits approach, and sometimes even intersect, that of the Earth. In this presentation, NASA astronaut and planetary scientist Dr. Stan

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    0, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Jennifer Dionne, Stanford University Title: One Photon, Two Photons, Red Photon, Blue photon: Upconverters for Efficient Solar Harvesting and Biological Force Sensing Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Jen's research develops new nano and optical materials for applications ranging from high-efficiency energy conversion and storage to bioimaging and manipulation. This research has led to demonstration of negative refraction at visible wavelengths, development

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    7, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Christopher Dames, UC Berkeley Title: Heat Transfer in Nanomaterials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Various physical phenomena cause the properties of nanostructures to differ from their bulk counterparts. These phenomena affect how nanostructures transport, store, convert,and dissipate energy. This is important for a broad range of energy applications including thermoelectrics, photovoltaics, hydrogen storage, and thermal management of microelectronics.

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    18, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mike Hagan, Brandeis University Title: Unexpected Ordered Phases in Active Matter Systems Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Active matter describes systems whose constituent elements consume energy to generate motion. I will describe computer simulations of two recently developed active matter systems, and unexpected ordered phases that arise as a consequence of activity in these systems. (1) Self-propelled colloids with repulsive interactions and no

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    5, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ulrike Wegst, Dartmouth College Title: The Science and Art of Freeze Casting: From Ice Crystal Nucleation and Growth to Biomedical and Energy Materials, and Edibles Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Ulrike Wegst studied physics at the University of Göttingen in Germany and received her Ph.D. in Engineering from the University of Cambridge in 1997 for analysis of the mechanical performance of natural materials. She worked on the CES Eco-Selector software

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Bryan Huey, University of Connecticut Title: Nanoscale Investigations of Solar Cell Performance Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Associate Professor Bryan Huey's research group develops and applies novel variations of Atomic Force Microscopy. Research projects include: Tomographic AFM Switching dynamics in ferroelectric and multiferroic materials. Piezoactuation of novel Piezoelectrics. In-situ imaging of Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems Nanoscale

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    November 14, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Luis Campos, Columbia University Title: Thiophene Rust in Single-Molecule Electronics and Singlet Fission Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The combination of Barbarella's pioneering work on thiophene-1,1-dioxide (TDO) coupled with the development of Rozen's reagent has allowed us to engineer materials for organic electronics. The controlled chemical oxidation of thiophene engages the lone- pair electrons in sulfur to bond with oxygen, generating

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    Updated Strategic Plan Available The Molecular Foundry's five-year strategic plan has been updated to reflect recent hires, acquisitions and programs. The plan is designed to provide a framework that guides Foundry-wide initiatives and priorities. The new plan builds off of the thorough planning activities of 2014 and now includes updates that reflect continuous dialogue with each of our many stakeholder groups, as well as planning activities such as the Foundry's Scientific Retreat (November

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    User Advocates for a New Era of Federal Funding for Nanoscience Ambika Bumb, CEO of Bikanta, published an Op-Ed in TechCrunch describing the benefits of federal investments in basic nanoscience research like those that support the Molecular Foundry. Dr. Bumb and her colleagues have used the Foundry to make and characterize her company's unique nanodiamonds for cancer detection and treatment. In her article, she takes a personal and national look at the technical and economic benefits tied to the

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    2D Islands in Graphene Hold Promise for Future Device Fabrication In what could prove to be a significant advance in the fabrication of graphene-based nanodevices, a team of Molecular Foundry users has discovered a new mechanism for assembling two-dimensional (2D) molecular "islands" that could be used to modify graphene at the nanometer scale. Graphene is a sheet of pure carbon just one atom thick through which electrons speed 100 times faster than they move through silicon. Graphene

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    Winter Seminar Series Begins January 19 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here

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    Research Team Creates a High-efficiency Solar Cell in 7 Steps An international team of researchers working at the Molecular Foundry has simplified the steps to create highly efficient silicon solar cells by applying a new mix of materials to a standard design. Arrays of solar cells are used in solar panels to convert sunlight to electricity. The special blend of materials-which could also prove useful in semiconductor components-eliminates the need for a process known as doping that steers the

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    Molecular Foundry and ALS Users, aBeam Technologies, Make Metrology History Through a collaboration with two Berkeley Lab user facilities - the Molecular Foundry and ALS - as well as two other national labs, a small Bay Area company has made big news in the semiconductor world. Modern electronics are getting smaller and smaller, which means the demands on semiconductor manufacturers are increasing. To ensure the quality and consistency of substrates, wafer manufacturers employ metrology tools to

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    Polar Vortices Observed in Ferroelectric The observation in a ferroelectric material of "polar vortices" that appear to be the electrical cousins of magnetic skyrmions holds intriguing possibilities for advanced electronic devices. These polar vortices, which were theoretically predicted more than a decade ago, could also "rewrite our basic understanding of ferroelectrics" according to the researchers who observed them. A team of Molecular Foundry users and staff have

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    Spectroscopy of Supercapacitor Electrodes In Operando Future technology will require energy storage systems that have much larger storage capability, rapid charge/discharge cycling, and improved endurance. Progress in these areas demands a more complete understanding of the processes involved in energy storage, from the atomic scale to the device level. Now, using soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) under operating conditions ("in operando"), users of the Molecular Foundry, ALS

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    6 'Lasers Rewired': Scientists Find a New Way to Make Nanowire Lasers Molecular Foundry users have found a simple new way to produce nanoscale wires that can serve as tiny, tunable lasers. The nanowires, with diameters as small as 200 nanometers and a blend of materials that has also proven effective in next-generation solar cell designs, were shown to produce very bright, stable laser light. Researchers say the excellent performance of these tiny lasers is promising for the field of

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    Foundry Users Developing Paint-on Coating for Energy Efficient Windows It's estimated that 10 percent of all the energy used in buildings in the U.S. can be attributed to window performance, costing building owners about $50 billion annually, yet the high cost of replacing windows or retrofitting them with an energy efficient coating is a major deterrent. Users at the Molecular Foundry are seeking to address this problem with creative chemistry-a polymer heat-reflective coating that can be

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    Modernizing a Technology From the Vacuum Tube Era To Generate Cheap Power Foundry users Daniel Riley and Jared Schwede hope to take thermionics, an all-but-forgotten technology, and develop it into a clean, compact, and efficient source of power. Working with Molecular Foundry staff scientist, Andreas Schmid, would allow their research to take a big shortcut, providing them with unprecedented insight into the inner workings of thermionic devices. "It turns out, by almost fortuitous

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    Form of Electron-beam Imaging Can See Elements that are 'Invisible' to Common Methods Electrons can extend our view of microscopic objects well beyond what's possible with visible light, all the way to the atomic scale. A popular method in electron microscopy for looking at tough, resilient materials in atomic detail is called STEM, or scanning transmission electron microscopy, but the highly focused beam of electrons used in STEM can also easily destroy delicate samples. To address this

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    Mr. Espresso Visits the Molecular Foundry It could be said that a lot of the research that is done at the Molecular Foundry is fueled by coffee, and for connoisseurs, you can't do much better on the hill than the second floor's coffee club run by Nanofabrication Facility Director Stefano Cabrini. On February 16, Carlo Di Ruocco, the Founder and CEO of the coffee maker company, Mr. Espresso, visited the Foundry's coffee club to discuss the art of brewing the perfect cup of espresso. During this

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    Experiment shows magnetic chips could dramatically increase computing's energy efficiency In a breakthrough for energy-efficient computing, engineers using the Molecular Foundry have shown for the first time that magnetic chips can operate with the lowest fundamental level of energy dissipation possible under the laws of thermodynamics. The findings mean that dramatic reductions in power consumption are possible-as much as one-millionth the amount of energy per operation used by transistors in

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    Fuel Cell Design Powered by Graphene-wrapped Nanocrystals Hydrogen is the lightest and most plentiful element on Earth and in our universe. So it shouldn't be a big surprise that scientists are pursuing hydrogen as a clean, carbon-free, virtually limitless energy source for cars and for a range of other uses, from portable generators to telecommunications towers-with water as the only byproduct of combustion. While there remain scientific challenges to making hydrogen-based energy sources more

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    Nature-Inspired Nanotubes That Assemble Themselves, With Precision When it comes to the various nanowidgets scientists are developing, nanotubes are especially intriguing. That's because hollow tubes that have diameters of only a few billionths of a meter have the potential to be incredibly useful, from delivering cancer-fighting drugs inside cells to desalinating seawater. But building nanostructures is difficult. And creating a large quantity of nanostructures with the same trait, such as

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    Revealing the Fluctuations of Flexible DNA in 3D An international team of staff and users working at the Molecular Foundry has captured the first high-resolution 3D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached at either end to gold nanoparticles. The images detail the flexible structure of the DNA segments, which appear as nanoscale jump ropes. This unique imaging capability developed at the Foundry is called individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) and could aid in the use of

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    Porous Framework Electrocatalysts Are Key to Carbon Dioxide Conversion The burning of fossil fuels and the consequent rising levels of atmospheric CO-2 has led to a number of negative environmental consequences, including global warming and ocean acidification. Converting CO2 to fuels or chemical feedstock, ideally through the use of renewable energy, can simultaneously reduce atmospheric CO2 and decrease fossil fuel consumption. The principal difficulty in this process is that earth-abundant

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    6 Carbon Nanotubes Move into the Fast Lane Building off of their previous work demonstrating that short carbon nanotubes can make excellent artificial pores within cell membranes, Molecular Foundry users have now shown that carbon nanotubes can transport protons faster than bulk water, by an order of magnitude. What's more, the transport rates in these nanotube pores, which form one-dimensional water wires, also exceed those of biological channels and man-made proton conductors, making carbon

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    Seeing Atoms and Molecules in Action with an Electron 'Eye' A unique rapid-fire electron source-originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers-will help scientists at Berkeley Lab study ultrafast chemical processes and changes in materials at the atomic scale. This could provide new insight in how to make materials with custom, controllable properties and improve the efficiency and output of chemical reactions. This newly launched setup, dubbed HiRES (for High

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    The Foundry's Jim Ciston Wins DOE Early Career Award Molecular Foundry staff scientist, Jim Ciston, was selected by DOE to receive the prestigious Early Career Research Program award, which supports the development of individual research programs of outstanding scientists early in their careers and stimulates research careers in the disciplines supported by the DOE Office of Science. In 2016, 49 awards were made from 720 proposals. "We invest in promising young researchers early in their

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    and ALS Hire Joint Project Scientist Mike Brady has recently been appointed to the role as a joint Molecular Foundry/ALS project scientist following the departure of Elaine Chan. Mike's mission will focus on (1) fostering user collaboration and displaying the novel Foundry-ALS working mode that uniquely enables iterative materials discovery research, and on (2) team-based, soft matter research that links molecular structure and function in biomimetic and biopolymer coatings, polymer-inorganic

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    Molecular Foundry Scientists Discover Surprising New Properties in a 2-D Semiconductor In the world of semiconductors, impurities and defects can be a good thing. They modify the properties of materials such as silicon, and scientists can exploit these properties to develop better transistors for laptops, smart phones, and solar cells. Recently, a new class of semiconductor was discovered that is only three atoms thick and which extends in a two-dimensional plane, similar to graphene. These 2-D

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    New Chemical 'Sponges' Designed to Soak Up Toxic Cancer-fighting Drugs After Targeting Tumors Doctors have a powerful arsenal of cancer-fighting chemotherapy drugs to choose from, though a key challenge is to better target these drugs to kill tumors while limiting their potentially harmful side effects. Users of the Molecular Foundry, who also use the ALS, are helping to develop and test materials for a new device that can be inserted via a tiny tube into a vein and soak up most of these drugs

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    Saudi Minister of Energy Visits Molecular Foundry Khalid Al-Falih (left), Saudi Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources and the Chairman of Aramco Board of Directors toured the Molecular Foundry (pictured), the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, and FLEXLAB. DOE Under Secretary for Science and Energy Lynn Orr accompanied Minister Al-Falih during the visit

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    Scientists See Electron Bottleneck in Simulated Battery An international team of scientists working at the Molecular Foundry has revealed how interactions between electrons and ions can slow down the performance of a material considered key to the next generation of batteries. As the appetite grows for more efficient vehicles and mobile devices based on cleaner, renewable energy sources, so does the demand for equally efficient, lightweight and energy-dense batteries that pack more punch, last

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    New Discovery By Foundry Users Could Better Predict How Semiconductors Weather Abuse Mimicking nature is not easy, but new insights by researchers at JCAP, partially through a user project at the Molecular Foundry, could help create a viable artificial system of photosynthesis. One of the major challenges for scientists working to create systems that efficiently convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into fuel is finding materials that can do the work while also surviving the corrosive

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    Foundry Users Create 'Second Skin' for Protection from Biological and Chemical Agents A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists working at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry and ALS has created a material that is highly breathable yet protective from potential warfare agents. This material is the first key component of futuristic smart uniforms that also will respond to and protect from environmental chemical hazards. High breathability is a critical requirement for protective

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    A New Way to Display the 3-D Structure of Molecules Users of the Molecular Foundry have created a sort of nanoscale display case that enables new atomic-scale views of hard-to-study chemical and biological samples. Their work could help to reveal new structural details for a range of challenging molecules-including complex chemical compounds and potentially new drugs-by stabilizing them inside sturdy structures known as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The researchers introduced a series of

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    Energy Department to Invest $16 Million in Computer Design of Materials The U.S. Department of Energy announced on August 16 that it will invest $16 million over the next four years to accelerate the design of new materials through use of supercomputers. Two four-year projects-one team led by Berkeley Lab, including the Foundry's Jeff Neaton, the other team led by DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)-will leverage the labs' expertise in materials and take advantage of superfast computers

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    Maker Movement Turns Scientists into Tinkerers Researchers in growing numbers are starting to enlist do-it-yourself 3-D printers, cheap electronics, sensors and more to advance their work. Over at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, nanobiochemist Ronald Zuckermann prints flexible 3-D plastic models of peptide-like polymers to study how they fold into stable structures. The shape and dynamics of the polymer chain dictate its properties for medical use. "The understanding I have

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    Five Nanoscience Research Projects That Could Deliver Big Results Berkeley Lab researchers are on the cutting edge of nanoscience. In a list of five high-impact nanoscience projects identified by Berkeley Lab, four came from work at the Molecular Foundry. This list ended with a video produced by the Molecular Foundry that was recently highlighted on the Department of Energy's website. The Berkeley Lab list of five nanoscience research projects that could deliver big results can be found here.

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    Subatomic Microscopy Key to Building New Classes of Materials Molecular Foundry users from Penn State University and Cornell University have worked with staff to describe the first atomic scale evidence for strain-induced ferroelectricity in a layered oxide. Pushing the limits of electron microscopy into the tens of picometer scale, the team has developed the ability to see at this subatomic level, which is crucial for designing new materials with unprecedented properties. Designing new

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    Molecular Foundry User Featured in MIT's Technology Review In its annual celebration of young innovators, MIT Technology Review recognized Opus 12 co-founder Kendra Kuhl for her work on designing a reactor that will convert the carbon dioxide emitted by power plants into useful chemicals. Opus 12 is a project of Cyclotron Road, an incubator for energy technologies at Berkeley Lab, and a user of the Molecular Foundry

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    Foundry Fall Seminar Series Begins September 13 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here.

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    Nanoscale Tetrapods Could Provide Early Warning of a Material's Failure Molecular Foundry users from Penn State University and Cornell University have worked with staff to describe the first atomic scale Light-emitting, four-armed nanocrystals could someday form the basis of an early warning system in structural materials by revealing microscopic cracks that portend failure, thanks to recent research by Molecular Foundry staff and users. The researchers embedded tetrapod-shaped quantum dots,

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    Scientists Find Twisting 3-D Raceway for Electrons in Nanoscale Crystal Slices Researchers have created an exotic 3-D racetrack for electrons in ultrathin slices of a nanomaterial. The international team of scientists observed, for the first time, a unique behavior in which electrons rotate around one surface, then through the bulk of the material to its opposite surface and back. The possibility of developing so-called "topological matter" that can carry electrical current on its

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    Scientific Diplomacy: Berkeley Lab Hosts 2016 TechWomen Ureshnie Govender, a Senior Scientist at South Africa's Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and Angeline Kasina, an Assistant Lecturer at the Technical University of Kenya, visited Berkeley Lab last month as participants in the State Department Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affair's TechWomen. The program is an international exchange that brings emerging women leaders in science, technology, engineering and

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    Berkley Lab Profiles the Molecular Foundry's Deirdre Olynick for National Hispanic Heritage Month When Deirdre Olynick looks back on her family's immigration story, assimilation is what comes to mind most prominently. It was key to her Venezuelan grandmother's success in a new country at the age of 16 and to her Venezuelan/Cuban father's success in his career. "My father worked hard on his education when my brother and I were young and then struggled to gain a foothold in the software

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    For more than a decade, engineers have been eyeing the finish line in the race to shrink the size of components in integrated circuits. They knew that the laws of physics had set a 5-nanometer threshold on the size of transistor gates among conventional semiconductors, about one-quarter the size of high-end 20-nanometer-gate transistors now on the market. Some laws are made to be broken, or at least challenged. A research team facilitated by the Molecular Foundry has done just that by creating a

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    A "Future Electron Microscopy" workshop was held to showcase the breadth and depth of electron microscopy at Berkeley Lab. In addition to the recent advances in imaging a broad range of materials and biological samples at atomic, or near-atomic scales, the workshop highlighted the many opportunities that could come from integrating capabilities across the Laboratory. The workshop was co-hosted by Andy Minor from the Molecular Foundry, in association with other leaders from Berkeley

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    Molecular Foundry Researchers Account for Two of Berkeley Lab's Five R&D 100 Awards R&D Magazine's R&D 100 Awards, established 54 years ago, recognize 100 technologies and services introduced in the previous year deemed most significant by an independent panel of judges. This year's winners received the awards at a Nov. 3 event in Washington, D.C. A brief description of the Molecular Foundry's award-winning technologies follows: Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity (PIM) Membrane for

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    We Gather Here Today to Join Lasers and Anti-Lasers Bringing opposing forces together in one place is as challenging as you would imagine it to be, but researchers in the field of optical science have done just that. Scientists using the Molecular Foundry have for the first time created a single device that acts as both a laser and an anti-laser, and they demonstrated these two opposite functions at a frequency within the telecommunications band. Their findings, lay the groundwork for developing

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    Next-generation solar cells made of super-thin films of semiconducting material hold promise because they're relatively inexpensive and flexible enough to be applied just about anywhere. Researchers are working to dramatically increase the efficiency at which thin-film solar cells convert sunlight to electricity. But it's a tough challenge, partly because a solar cell's subsurface realm-where much of the energy-conversion action happens-is inaccessible to real-time, nondestructive imaging. It's

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    Highest Resolution Calibration Tool Created Scientific Achievement Industrial users at the Molecular Foundry have created the highest resolution calibration tool with feature sizes of 1.5 nanometers, a breakthrough that won an R&D100 Award. Significance and Impact Metrology tools are used to characterize advanced imaging systems from interferometers to electron microscopes. Research Details To ensure the quality and consistency of substrates, wafer manufacturers in the semiconductor industry

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    Molecular Self-Assembly in a Poorly Screened Environment: F4TCNQ on Graphene/BN (a) Chemical structure of F4TCNQ molecule. (b) STM and (c) nc-AFM images of a 2D F4TCNQ island on graphene/BN. Image resolves individual chemical bonds within the F4TCNQ molecules and shows that molecules within the island lie flat on the surface in a close-packed rectangular lattice. Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry, researchers show that charged molecules that would normally repel one another have

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    Lasing in Robust Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanowires Power-dependent emission spectra from a CsPbBr3 nanowire. Narrow emission peaks at approximately 530 nm are indicative of lasing. Inset: A CsPbBr3 nanowire excited past the lasing threshold by a femtosecond pulsed laser. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users achieve stable, high performance lasing in perovskite-based cesium lead halide nanowires (NWs). Significance and Impact These NW lasers demonstrate improved stability compared

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    Self-photosensitization of Nonphotosynthetic Bacteria for Solar-to-Chemical Production M. thermoacetica-CdS hybrids are formed by the one-pot growth and biological precipitation of CdS nanoparticles which serve as light absorbers for photosynthesis. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users induced the nonphotosynthetic, CO2 reducing bacterium M. thermoacetica to precipitate cadmium sulfide nanoparticles which serve as light harvesters to enable photosynthetic production of acetic acid.

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    Direct growth of single crystalline III-V semiconductors on amorphous substrates SEM image of a single-crystalline Cal logo (top) along with a corresponding electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) map showing the single crystal nature of the Cal logo (bottom) directly grown on amorphous SiO2 substrate. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users worked with staff to develop a new growth method, templated liquid phase (TLP) crystal growth, for growing patterned single crystalline III-V's on

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    Efficient silicon solar cells with dopant-free asymmetric heterocontacts Light JV characteristic and schematic of the dopant-free asymmetric heterocontact (DASH) silicon solar cell showing a conversion efficiency of 19.4%, with a high Voc above 710 mV, has been achieved at the proof-of-concept stage. TCO refers to a Transparent Conductive Oxide stack. Scientific Achievement Demonstration of efficient crystalline silicon solar cells by Molecular Foundry users and staff without the use of

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    Modular Design of Ordered Polymer-Nanoparticle Composites (a) Schematic illustration of nanocrystals end-grafted with polymer brushes. (b) Scaling relations of ligand shell thickness and ligand volume fraction as a function of polymer molecular weight. (c) Schematic and (d) TEM image of AB-type binary superlattices. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff and users create a diverse array of self-assembled binary superlattices using polymer-grafted nanocrystals as the colloidal building

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    Imaging Technique Able to See Elements that are 'Invisible' to Common Methods Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry scientists have developed a new imaging technique that greatly improves images of light elements using fewer electrons. Significance and Impact The MIDI-STEM method may prove to solve the challenge of seeing structures with a mixture of heavy and light elements in close proximity, thereby allowing high resolution electron microscopy to be used on a broader set of hybrid

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    Revealing the Fluctuations of Flexible DNA in 3D Scientific Achievement An international team of staff and users working at the Molecular Foundry has captured the first high-resolution 3D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached at either end to gold nanoparticles Significance and Impact This unique imaging capability should lead to better understanding of disease-relevant proteins and the assembly process that forms DNA. It could also aid in the use of DNA segments as

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    Electron Microscopy Discovers Peptoid Crystalline Nanotubes (a) Cryogenic electron micrographs of crystalline peptoid nanotubes in water, revealing stripes spaced 2.4 nm apart. (b) Molecular model showing how the peptoid chains act as molecular tile units that form crystalline, brick-like lattices that roll into nanotubes, and expose both hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups to water. Scientific Achievement Electron micrographs of amphiphilic peptoids in water reveal crystalline nanotubes with

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    Fuel Cell Design Powered by Graphene-wrapped Nanocrystals Scientific Achievement Researchers at the Molecular Foundry have partnered with the ALS to develop a new material recipe for a battery-like hydrogen fuel cell. Significance and Impact Hydrogen has the potential to be a clean, carbon-free, virtually limitless energy source. This hybrid technology allows for very compact and safe storage of hydrogen, while offering fast fueling times. Research Details Hydrogen is the lightest and most

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    Boosted Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells to 31 Percent Scientific Achievement A multidisciplinary team of staff and users at the Molecular Foundry are now able to differentiate high performing areas on perovskite solar cells that approach the material's theoretical energy conversion limit of 31% Significance and Impact These top-performing facets could hold the secret to highly efficient perovskite solar cells if the material can be synthesized so that only very efficient facets develop.

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    Properties Discovered in a 2-D Semiconductor Scientific Achievement Scientists at the Molecular Foundry, in collaboration with researchers at the ALS, have found that linear defects in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides (TMDs) create one-atom thick metallic wires that cross the otherwise intact semiconductor. Significance and Impact TMDs have exceptional optical characteristics. They can be developed into ultra-sensitive photo detectors, and a single TMD layer emits as much light as a 3-D TMD

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    Observation of Polarization Vortices in Complex Oxide Superlattices Polarization Vortices observed in (PbTiO3)10/(SrTiO3)10 Superlattice via High-Resolution STEM (The figure is an overlay of local polarization vectors, indicated by yellow arrows, on an atomic-resolution STEM image) Scientific Achievement Identified the existence of non-uniform polarization vortex states in a ferroelectric material Significance and Impact Topology of such non-uniform polarization fields, will act as a precursor

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    Scientists See Electron Bottleneck in Simulated Battery Scientific Achievement An international team of scientists working at the Molecular Foundry has revealed how interactions between electrons and ions can slow down the performance of electrodes made with the compound vanadium pentoxide. Significance and Impact Vanadium pentoxide's layered atomic structure results in a vast surface area that may lead to batteries that pack more punch, last longer and charge or discharge more quickly. Research

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    Scientists Find Twisting 3-D Raceway for Electrons in Nanoscale Crystal Slices Scientific Achievement An international team of scientists working at the Molecular Foundry and ALS observed, for the first time, a quantum property known as "chirality" in cadmium arsenide. Significance and Impact The experiment provided a first step toward the goal of using chirality for transporting charge and energy through a material without loss, which offers a new approach to reducing waste energy in

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    MoS2 transistors with 1-nanometer gate lengths (A) Schematic and (B) Cross-sectional TEM image of 1D2D-FET with a MoS2 channel, SWCNT gate and ZrO2 gate dielectric. (D) ID-VGS and (E) ID-VDS characteristics of a bilayer MoS2 channel SWCNT gated FET at VBS = 5 V. (F) ID-VGS characteristics at VDS = 1 V and varying VBS. Scientific Achievement Demonstration of the shortest gate length transistor using a MoS2 channel and ~ 1 nm diameter single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) gate. Significance and

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    Local Stress Sensing using Tetrapod Nanocrystals Schematic of a tetrapod-polymer film before and after uniaxial tensile deformation (upper image). Modeling of the nanoscale stresses in tetrapods under uniaxial deformation reveals the stress states which lead to compression- and tension-sensing, both crucial for detecting nanoscale crack formation (lower image). Scientific Achievement Tetrapod nanocrystal stress sensors have been embedded into structural films and simultaneous opto-mechanical

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    Using two-photon tomography, carrier lifetimes are mapped in polycrystalline CdTe photovoltaic devices Scientific Achievement A team of Molecular Foundry scientists and users have developed a way to use optical microscopy to map thin-film solar cells in 3-D as they absorb photons. Significance and Impact The method images optoelectronic dynamics in materials at the micron scale to see individual grain boundaries, substrate interfaces, and other internal obstacles that impacts a solar cell's

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    Spectroscopic elucidation of energy transfer in hybrid inorganic-biological organisms Two-pathway mechanism: (1) a high quantum efficiency charge-transfer pathway to H2ase generating H2 and (2) a non-H2ase mediated direct energy-transducing enzymatic pathway. Scientific Achievement Two pathways facilitate electron and light energy transfer from semiconductor to bacterium as concluded using time-resolved spectroscopy and biochemical analysis. Significance and Impact This work represents a

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    Anisotropic phase segregation and migration of Pt in nanocrystals en route to nanoframe catalysts The Pt-Ni alloy formed during synthesis begins as Pt-rich, becomes Ni-rich as RD is formed, and then enriches in Pt as time is prolonged. Elemental mapping shows distribution of the elements in nanocrystals at various stages of the synthesis. Scientific Achievement Control of nanoscopic segregation of the elements in Pt-Ni rhombic dodecahedra (RD) was discovered to create a 3-D Pt3Ni nanoframe.

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    Composition Tunable and Highly Luminescent Cesium Lead Halide Nanowires through Anion-exchange Reactions CsPbX3 NWs with various degrees of conversion with chloride and iodide anions. Scientific Achievement By combining a facial solution method with a post-synthetic approach, brightly emitting colloidal cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, I) nanowires with uniform diameter and tunable composition have been successfully synthesized. Significance and Impact CsPbX3 nanowires show bright and

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    Ultrathin Colloidal Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanowires CsPbBr3 ultrathin NWs with uniform diameter around 2.2 nm, showing single crystalline nature and bright blue photoluminescence. Scientific Achievement Highly uniform single crystal ultrathin CsPbBr3 nanowires with diameter of 2.2 nm and length up to several microns were successfully synthesized and purified using a catalyst-free colloidal method. Significance and Impact These bright ultrathin nanowires can serve as a model system to

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    Single-nanowire photoelectrochemistry Single-nanowire photoelectrochemistry: (a) SEM image of the single-nanowire devices (b) I-V characteristic of a representative single-nanowire device shows the photo-generated electron flux over the nanowire's surface area. Scientific Achievement A single-nanowire-based device has been developed for photoelectrochemistry (PEC). Significance and Impact Single-nanowire photoelectrodes show that the photovoltage output of ensemble arrays can be limited by

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    Atomic Resolution Imaging of Halide Perovskites Atomic resolution image of 2D halide perovskites. (a) Cubic CsPbBr3 unit cell model. (b) Structure model of single layer 2D CsPbBr3 nanosheet. (c) Atomically resolved phase image obtained by low dose-rate in-line holography. Scientific Achievement Developed a low-dose method to enable atomic resolution imaging of halide perovskites without introducing structural damages. Significance and Impact Our approach offers unprecedented opportunities to

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    Study Reveals How Oxygen is Like Kryptonite to Titanium Scientists working at the Molecular Foundry have found the mechanism by which titanium, prized for its high ...

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    Oxygen: Poison to Titanium In situ TEM nanocompression tests of Ti (above). Imaging of ... Scientists working at the Molecular Foundry have found the mechanism by which titanium ...

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    Outsmarting Thermodynamics in Self-assembly of Nanostructures If you can uniformly break the symmetry of nanorod pairs in a colloidal solution, you're one step closer to achieving...

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    time for a quick photo op with (left to right) User Program Director Alison Hatt, Project Scientist Sahar Sharifzadeh, and Senior Administrator Meg Holm. Read the full Berkeley Lab...

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    nearly exponential growth in the science and technology of two-dimensional materials. Beyond graphene, there is a huge variety of layered materials that range in properties...

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    Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Functional Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-ion Batteries Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Electrode used in...

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    9, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Kirk Schanze, University of Florida Title: Triplet States in Organometallic Conjugated Materials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Triplet ...

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    Long Cycle-Life Lithium-Sulfur Battery Researchers at Berkeley Lab, including the Molecular Foundry, have demonstrated in the laboratory a lithium-sulfur (LiS) battery ...

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    Electrolyte for Lithium Ion Batteries Foundry staff and users found surprising results in the first X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of a model lithium electrolyte and in ...

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    has been a major challenge, but this challenge is now being met with a new non-invasive nanoscale imaging technique that goes by the acronym of CLAIRE. CLAIRE stands for...

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    Hosted by Jim Schuck: With the current explosion of big data and cloud computing, data storage is of paramount importance. For nearly 60 years, hard disk drive technology has been ...

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    Big, Deep and Smart Data Analytics in Materials Imaging Workshop Held at ORNL In June, Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee hosted a meeting organized by the five DOE ...

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    Molecular Foundry Symposium Highlights 10 Years of Achievements Ten years after the dedication of Berkeley Lab's nanoscience-focused Molecular Foundry building, which unites seven ...

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    expression of the Mtr electron conduit from Shewanella oneidensis in Escherichia coli enables E. coli to pass electrons across the membrane to an anode. Scientific...

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    Modification of solution viscosity using multivalent polymers has been accomplished through dynamic cross-linking in water using CB8. These hydrogels, with extremely high water ...

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    can "see" how temperature changes from point to point inside the smallest electronic circuits. The technique, called plasmon energy expansion thermometry, or PEET, allows...

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    Foundry's Ritankar Das is Campus's Top Graduating Senior With a double major in bioengineering and chemical biology, and a minor in creative writing, UC Berkeley student Ritankar ...

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    Microscopy: New Biology Revealed by Sub-10 nm Resolution Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Bruce Cohen Abstract: Fluorescence microscopy is an indispensable tool for biology. ...

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    0, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Alex Liddle, NIST Title: Nanomanufacturing: From Mesopotamia to the Present Day Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Integrated circuit...

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    Such signals are, in principle, sensitive down to the single carrier within the OLED, since the measurement reports on spin permutation symmetry rather than on thermal spin...

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    Hosted by Frank Svec: Many emerging spintronics applications will utilize dense arrays of nanomagnetic elements. Device properties depend on both the intrinsic material properties ...

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    An international team of scientists headed by Feng Wang of the Materials Science Division of Berkeley Lab and Enge Wang of the International Center for Quantum Materials in Beijing...

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    OilWater Interface From the people who brought us peptoid nanosheets that form at the ... and water, now come peptoid nanosheets that form at the interface between oil and water. ...

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    7, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Wilson Ho, UCI Title: Molecular FoundryALS Joint Seminar: Imaging Bonds and Chemical Interactions Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: ...

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    Deep absorbing porphyrin molecules and their applications in organic solar cells Ke Gao, South China University of Technology A new category of conjugated small molecules ...

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    and do not distort during development, leading to good resolution (measured by half-pitch resolution (HP)), but suffer from poor sensitivity. Chemically amplified resists...

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    Alexandros Lappas, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Crete, Greece Title: Properties and Applications of Surface-stabilised Iron-Oxide Magnetic Nanoclusters Location: ...

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    7. Contact your assigned Foundry scientist Once your proposal is approved, a Foundry scientist will be assigned to your project; he or she will be your primary contact at the...

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    5. Complete secondary safety screening (except NCEM users) Once your project has been approved, one member of your user team must submit more detailed safety information in the...

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    access the world-class imaging and characterization capabilities of NCEM from across the country or even around the globe. Read the full Berkeley Lab press releases, here and here...

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    Good Vibrations: Researchers Tune the Chemical Bonds of Buckyballs If the chemical bonds that hold together the constituent atoms of a molecule could be tuned to become stronger or ...

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    I will discuss several relevant examples where we have: (1) created highly specific antimicrobial agents to detect and combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria, (2) designed digital...

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    control of reflection and diffraction, absorption and emission, phase and amplitude dispersion, and state of polarization. I will further discuss that enhanced and active...

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    Institutes of Health where he led Congressional and public outreach efforts within the science policy office of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculosketal and Skin...

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    Livermore National Laboratory. "Interpreting the widespread nonlinear force spectra of intermolecular bonds." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, 34 (2012)...

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    Monolayer Behavior Retained in Bulk Semiconducting Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Comparison of the structure of ReS2 with the conventional structure of sTMDs such as MoS2 from...

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    and photonic devices Composite nanomaterials Biomedical applications of nanostructures Nanocatalysts Colloidal and interface chemistry Nanofabrication using unconventional methods

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    Understanding and Predicting Self-Assembly Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff worked with users to discover a new design rule that controls the way in which polymers ...

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    details of inorganic-organic interface interaction, which can one day lead to the development of a library of molecular functions for biomimetic materials design and engineering.

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    The Molecular Foundry scientists say this never-before-seen design rule could be used to piece together complex nanosheet structures and other peptoid assemblies such as nanotubes ...

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    Berkeley Lab Awarded 8 Million for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research With commitments from leading car and stationary-power manufacturers to hydrogen and fuel cell technologies and ...

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    Chemical Imaging with Photo-induced Force Microscopy Robert Kertayasa, Molecular Vista Co-authors: Sung Park, Ph.D., Tom Albrecht, Ph.D. Infrared Photo-induced Force Microscopy (IR ...

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    in application areas as diverse as heterogeneous catalysis, molecular electronics or drug delivery. While predictive-quality computational modeling assumes an increasing role in...

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    localization and small mode volumes, thereby boosting the sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio in appli- cations ranging from single photon sources to photodetection. Optical...

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    3 Black Gold Makes Bright Beams For the high-rep-rate x-ray beams essential to next ... Led by the Molecular Foundry's Alex Polyakov, one design is an array of gold-plated ...

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    Significance and Impact Individual molecules represent the gold standard for electronics ... molecule's environment: an ionic solution and gold metal electrodes of different sizes. ...

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    Study Reveals Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes At an electrode surface, the ... With gold as a chemically inert electrode, and slightly-saline water as an electrolyte, ...

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    Frank Svec: Using Gold to Boost Power of Chromatography MSD scientist Frantisek Svec, ... Svec explained how the addition of gold nanoparticles to the surfaces of polymer ...

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    Enhancing Thermal Transport of Carbon Nanotubes Organic molecules terminated by amine groups are bound to aluminum or gold surfaces. CNT arrays are treated to generate carboxylate ...

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    the wet part of artificial photosnythesis Location: 15-253 Abstract: We know photosynthesis as the natural, biological process where sunlight is used to oxidize water...

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    the U.S. Supreme Court to rule by the end of June 2015 on same-sex marriage-it's perfect timing to just take a moment to be proud of the progress we've made and of who I am." ...

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    Researchers Take Cues From Nature in Designing a Programmable Nanomaterial for Biosensing Taking inspiration from the human immune system, researchers at the Molecular Foundry have...

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    Foundry Helps Capture Birth of Mineral in Real Time Found in seashells, pearls, marble, and chalk, calcium carbonate is one of the most important molecules on Earth. It is also the ...

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    antimicrobials. These drugs have an overall positive charge and water-repelling characteristics, two traits that enable them to disrupt a bacterium's membrane and kill it.

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    the recently launched Theme Postdoc Program. Intended to better leverage the Foundry's multidisciplinary culture within its four research themes, this initiative supports a team...

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    within a self-assembling protective shell of S-layer proteins, like chainmail armor. A multidisciplinary team of Molecular Foundry researchers have uncovered key details in this...

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    the best previous compositions in single molecule conditions. Scientific Achievement A multidisciplinary team of Molecular Foundry scientists used advanced characterization and...

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    with the nanocrystals. "Doping in semiconductor nanocrystals is still an evolving art," says Milliron. "Only in the last few years have people begun to observe interesting...

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    Molecular Foundry and NCEM Merge Complete As of October 1, 2014, the Molecular Foundry includes the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM). Previously, NCEM was a separate...

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    On October 27, Director Jeff Neaton and two Molecular Foundry users led a group to ... Chris Regan from UCLA spoke about his collaborations with the Foundry that have led to new ...

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    New and Improved Model of Molecular Bonding Jim DeYoreo of the Molecular Foundry led the development of a first-of-its-kind model for providing a comprehensive description of the ...

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    Develop a New Nanotech Tool to Probe Solar Energy Conversion If nanoscience were television, we'd be in the 1950s. Although scientists can make and manipulate nanoscale objects...

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    Protein Folding Funnels Apply to Self-Assembly; Should Benefit Biomimicry and Nanosynthesis Jim DeYorero and Carolyn Bertozzi led a team of researchers at the Molecular Foundry...

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    including oceans, rivers and lakes, sunlight is well known to drive manganese oxide redox chemistry. It had long been assumed that electron-rich organic molecules were required to...

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    learned about the impact and potential of nanoscience while visiting the Foundry's cleanroom, several of the facility's combinatorial synthesis robots, and the TEAM 1 microscope...

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    The event built on recent planning activities such as the creation of the strategic plan and looked forward towards activities such as the DOE Budget Review in...

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    A junior from Virginia Tech, majoring in biological systems engineering, Accolla researched peptoid nanosheets as part of an overall field that is exploring how this synthetic ...

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    Foundry Title: Nanoscale Perspectives on Organic Energy Materials from Ab Initio Quantum Mechanics Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: New materials, architectures,...

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    controls the majority of chemical properties at the nanoscale including catalysis and corrosion. Research Details Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is an excellent technique for...

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    point to point inside the smallest electronic circuits. Significance and Impact Modern microelectronic circuits contain billions of nanometer-scale transistors, each generating...

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    X-Therma scientists led by Xiaoxi Wei are developing a radical new highway of non-toxic, hyper-effective antifreeze agents to fight unwanted ice formation in regenerative...

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    Cs (Spherical aberration) 2.2 mm Cc (Chromatic aberration) 2.2 mm Specimen Stage Double tilt holder angle 70 deg 30 deg Cryo double tilt holder angle 49 deg 30 deg...

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    wide gap 2.1 Point-to-point resolution, narrow gap 1.7 Specimen Stages Single-tilt heating to 1300 C 40 Double-tilt heating to 1000C 4040 Single-tilt...

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    Klaus van Benthem is interested in the investigation of the functionalities of novel nano-materials. He uses electron microscopy tools to image nano-materials with atomic ...

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    States and Optoelectronic Processes in Nano Building Block Assemblies Location: ... Nano materials have in principle the potential to realize this vision since the material ...

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    Non-invasive Nano-scale Imaging CLAIRE imaging chip consists of a YAlO3:Ce scintillator ... Wang, J. T. Precht, D. M. Kaz, D. G. Schlom & N. S. Ginsberg. Nano Lett., 2015, 15, 3383.

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    Surprising Discoveries about 2D Molybdenum Disulfide Scientists at the Molecular Foundry have used a unique nano-optical probe to study the effects of illumination on ...

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    A novel approach to growing nanowires promises a new means of control over their light-emitting and electronic properties. In a recent issue of Nano Letters, scientists from the ...

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    The surface plasmons localize and nano-concentrate optical energy creating highly enhanced ... 11 C. Y. Wu et al., Nano Lett. 11, 4256 (2011). 12 P. Berini, and I. De Leon, Nat. ...

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    Most Singular Nano-Imaging Technique A multi-institutional team of researchers working at the Molecular Foundry has developed a new technique called "SINGLE" that provides the ...

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    soft x-ray microscopy: a unique tool for nano- and mesoscience Location: 67-3111 Chemla ... description is needed to achieve those nano- and mesoscience goals and advanced ...

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    Enhancing Electron Photoemission with Nanopillar Array Figures: An array of nano-sized gold pillars, (a), creates a plasmonic surface resonance. (B), photoelectron kinetic energy ...

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    block of nanoscience, yet until now we have only known the average positions of atom within them. This will enable scientists to control nanocrystals which are used in...

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    Wendy Queen A fundamental materials challenge is to form structure that is not frozen in place but instead reconfigures internally driven by energy throughput and adapts to its...

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    regions. Our findings bear implications necessary to explore and utilize new concepts in polymer electronics, photonics, and endow functionality relevant in emergent technologies

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    such as nano-scale photonics, electronics manufacturing, and biomedical imaging. ... Scaling down photonics beyond diffraction limit is a key to drive the exponential growth ...

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    His research focuses on light-matter interactions, materials physics and photonics. His research was selected by Time Magazine as one of "Top Ten Scientific Discoveries of the ...

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    ... photovoltage multiplication in carbon nanotubes, by L.J. Yang et al., Nature Photonics 5 (2011) 672 6 High performance two-terminal carbon nanotube light emitting diodes, ...

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    An error occurred. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser. Browse the Molecular Foundry channel on YouTube...

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    Imaging An error occurred. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser. Browse the Molecular Foundry channel on YouTube...

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    of 2D Semiconductor To the growing list of two-dimensional semiconductors, such as graphene, boron nitride, and molybdenum disulfide, whose unique electronic properties make...

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    interpretation of AFM data acquired during analysis. Scientific Achievement Using in-situ Atomic Force Microscopy to directly observe S-layer formation on mica chips, Foundry...

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    8, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Frank Q. Zhu, HGST Title: Controlled Nucleation Growth of Granular Thin Films by Templating Effect and Self-Assembly Location: 67-3111 Chemla...

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    and will replace the Foundry's two-part system built around remote Proposal Study Panel (PSP) reviewers and the Proposal Review Council (PRC). Additional information on all of...

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    for Microbial-based Energy Interconversion. Helms, from the Organic and Macromolecular Synthesis Facility, was awarded an LDRD for his project on Responsive Nanoparticle...

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    Dianne Xiao, UC Berkeley Title: Iron Metal-organic Frameworks for Hydrocarbon Oxidations Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Pizza will be served, compliments of Oxford Instruments...

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    200 kV Spherical Aberration Cs: 1.2mm Chromatic Aberration Cc: 1.2mm Detectors Oxford INCA energy dispersive X-ray detector with energy resolution of 136eV for Mn k-alpha...

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    Arron Phillips Shakes Up Science at the Foundry Sometimes you need to shake up your perspective in order to do good science. So says Molecular Foundry intern Arron Phillips, who...

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    for ongoing Al K-edge XAS studies of actinide-aluminum alloys (with Booth, LBNL, and Bauer, LANL). A. B. Altman, C. D. Pemmaraju, C. Camp, J. Arnold, S. G. Minasian, D....

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    with nanoscale materials. This talk will describe research on nanoscale materials for solar photovoltaics and solar fuel production. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is used to...

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    Specialist, Branden Brough, and visited nine House and Senate offices of California representatives, spanning both political parties. Read the full Berkeley Lab press release...

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    4, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Felix Fischer, UC Berkeley Title: Teaching Polymers the Meaning of Life and Confining Electrons in Graphene nanoribbons Location: 67-3111 Chemla...

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    Prize, the IET Mountbatten Medal (UK), the IEEE Photonics Award, the Harvey Prize (Israel), and the Rank Prize (UK). He also has an honorary Ph.d. from the Royal Inst. of ...

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    be discussed 3. Techniques for forming high-density circuit patterns using these processes will be presented with an emphasis on the introduction of self-aligned pattern...

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    Characterizing Hot Carriers Could Hold the Key to Future Solar Cell Efficiencies folks One of the major road blocks to the design and development of new, more efficient solar cells ...

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    and fundamental research such as medical imaging, high energy physics, astrophysics, oil exploration and nuclear materials detection for homeland security and other...

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    8, 2013 Jeff Urban Joins Eight Researchers in Sharing "Big Ideas" at Science at the Theatre Eight LBNL scientists including Jeff Urban, Director of the Inorganic Nanostructures Facility at the Molecular Foundry, presented eight game-changing concepts in eight minutes as part of the Science at the Theater on Monday, Oct. 28, at the Berkeley Repertory Theater (Roda Stage). In addition to Urban's talk on "synergist materials for energy applications," which can be viewed here,

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    4, 2014 Foundry Scientist Presented Next Big Tech Idea at 'Science at the Theater' Event Like a science version of the popular show "Shark Tank," the Lab's next Science at the Theater event featured researchers "pitching" their technologies, followed by audience members and a panel of judges determining which one most benefits society. The event took place at the Berkeley Repertory Theater. In addition to Gloria Oliver's introduction of Molecular Velcro (the winner of the

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    27, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. W.E. Moerner, Stanford University Title: Single-Molecule Spectroscopy and Imaging: 3D Nanoscopy and Biomolecular Dynamics Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Hosted by Jim Schuck Since the first optical detection and spectroscopy of a single molecule in a condensed phase host in 1989, a wealth of new information has been obtained from time-dependent measurements and single-molecule probability distributions. When single-molecule labels acting as tiny nanoscale

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    15, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Paul Abbyad, Santa Clara University Title: Microfluidic Droplet Arrays for the Study of Red Blood Cell Sickling Location: 67-3111 Chemla room We have developed a novel microfluidic device to study individual red blood cells in droplet arrays. This is a two-phase system where aqueous droplets containing cells are produced and transported in inert carrier oil. Droplets are anchored into an array by the reduction in their surface energy as they enter into

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    December 12, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Dr. Peter Gregory, Editor in Chief, Advanced Materials Title: Publishing Trends in Science and How to Survive Peer Review Location: 66-Auditorium Dr. Gregory will reflect on publishing developments over the last 25 years (while celebrating 25 years ofAdvanced Materials) and concentrate on the factors which influence competitiveness, cost, and international character of scientific communication. He will also describe the peer review process "from

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    4, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. David Baker, University of Washington Title: Design of Protein Structures, Functions and Assemblies Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Ron Zuckermann Abstract: I will describe recent advances in computational protein design which allow the generation of new protein structures and functions. I will describe the use of these methods to design ultra-stable idealized proteins, flu neutralizing proteins, high affinity ligand binding proteins, and self

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    , 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Delia Milliron, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin Title: The Role of Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanocrystal-Based Materials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: In materials constructed from few-nanometer scale building blocks, a large fraction of the total volume lies within a few atomic layers of a surface or an interface. Within the context of plasmonic metal oxide nanocrystals, I will describe a few examples of how these

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    7, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Eva Nogales, UC Berkeley Title: Visualization of biological macromolecular complexes by Cryo-EM Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The molecular tasks required for the functioning of the cell are carried out by large molecular machines made of proteins or protein-nucleic acid complexes. Visualizing the structures of such complexes, especially in more than one functional state, is crucial for a mechanistic understanding of cellular function that can ultimately

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    7, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Alec Talin, Sandia National Laboratories (Livermore) Title: Achieving Emergent Properties for Electronic and Energy Conversion Device Applications Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are extended, crystalline compounds consisting of metal ions interconnected by organic ligands, forming scaffolding-like structures that are sometimes referred to as "molecular tinker toys". MOFs have attracted considerable attention for

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    8, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Christian Dwyer, Arizona State University Title: Utilizing Inelastically Scattered Electrons in the Transmission Electron Microscope Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: Christian Dwyer is an electron microscopist with backgrounds in scattering and condensed-matter physics. He is an Associate Professor in the Department of Physics at Arizona State University. He obtained his PhD at the University of Cambridge in 2004, and has worked in academic/research institutes

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    FIB Specifications Ion column Electron column Accel. voltage 10-30 kV 0.2 - 30 kV Resolution 7 nm 3 nm

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    SPLEEM Specifications Electron energy typically 0 to 100 eV, energy width ~0.1 eV. Electron energy typically 0 to 100 eV, energy width ~0.1 eV. Spin-polarization (normally ~30 %) can be adjusted to point in any polar/azimuthal direction Spatial resolution ~10 nm laterally, atomic resolution along surface normal. Angular resolution of magnetization direction can be better than 2 deg. Time resolution: frame rate can be up to 20 fps, exposure time of several ms per frame is usually required for

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    1 Specifications Specifications 300 kV Monochromator ON Monochromator OFF Information limit 0.05 nm (at 0.15 eV) 0.05 nm STEM resolution 0.078 nm 0.05 nm Energy resolution (EELS) 0.15 eV 0.8 eV TEM 3rd order spherical aberration <1 µm, adjustable (± 50 µm) TEM 5th order spherical aberration ~4 mm STEM 3rd order spherical aberration <0.5 µm STEM 5th order spherical aberration <0.5 mm Specifications 80 kV Monochromator ON Monochromator OFF Information limit 0.07 nm (at 0.2 eV) 0.15 nm

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    0.5 Specifications Specifications 300 kV Monochromator ON Monochromator OFF Information limit 0.05 nm (at 0.15 eV) 0.08 nm STEM resolution 0.1 nm 0.05 nm Energy resolution (EELS) 0.10 eV 0.8 eV TEM 3rd order spherical aberration <1 µm, adjustable (± 50 µm) TEM 5th order spherical aberration ~5 mm STEM 3rd order spherical aberration <0.5 µm STEM 5th order spherical aberration <0.5 mm Specifications 80 kV Monochromator ON Monochromator OFF Information limit 0.07 nm (at 0.2 eV) 0.15 nm

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    Tecnai Specifications Specifications Accel. Voltage: 200 (and 120) kV Spherical Aberration Cs: 0.5 mm Chromatic Aberration Cc: 1.1 mm HRTEM Scherzer resolution 0.19 nm Information limit (monochromator off) 0.12 nm STEM Spatial Resolution Monochromator off 0.14 nm Monochromator on 1.0 nm EELS Energy Resolution Monochromator off 500 meV Monochromator on 150 meV

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    Molecular Foundry Spin-Off Company Wins the NOVA Innovation Competition Heliotrope Technologies, a Molecular Foundry spinoff company, has been declared the winner of the 2012 NOVA Innovation Competition. An Oakland, CA based start-up, Heliotrope works to develop energy-efficient electrochromic window coatings that can switch reversibly between three states: solar transparent, heat blocking, and heat and light blocking.

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    3 Raising the IQ of Smart Windows Researchers at the Molecular Foundry have designed a thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass that can dynamically modify sunlight as it passes through a window. Unlike existing technologies, the coating provides selective control over visible light and heat-producing near-infrared (NIR) light, so windows can maximize both energy savings and occupant comfort in a wide range of climates. The work was published in the journal Nature by a team of Foundry

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    In Water as In Love, Likes Can Attract At some point in elementary school you were shown that opposite charges attract and like charges repel. This is a universal scientific truth - except when it isn't. A research team led by Berkeley Lab chemist Richard Saykally and theorist David Prendergast, working at the Advanced Light Source (ALS), has shown that, when hydrated in water, positively charged ions (cations) can actually pair up with one another. "Through a combination of X-ray

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    2013 Annual User Meeting Postponed Due to significant impacts on our event planning and outreach activities stemming from the recent partial government shutdown, the Annual User Meeting (AUM) that was scheduled for November 4-5, 2013 has been postponed. This event is always a great opportunity to share the latest science and foster stronger connections with members of the Molecular Foundry and NCEM User communities. Plans are being made to reschedule the AUM for the first half of 2014. We

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    Jeff Neaton Named American Physical Society (APS) Fellow Molecular Foundry Director and Theory Facility Senior Faculty Scientist, Jeff Neaton, was recently elected as an American Physical Society (APS) Fellow for his "fundamental contributions to the understanding of phase behavior, electronic structure, and transport properties of condensed matter, particularly multiferroics, nanostructures, and materials for energy conversion and storage." This honor signifies "exceptional

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    In Memoriam: Gareth Thomas (1932-2014) Gareth Thomas, founder of Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) and one of the world's foremost experts on electron microscopy, passed away on February 7. He was 81. A native of Wales, Thomas earned his Ph.D. in metallurgy from Cambridge University, and joined the UC Berkeley (UCB) faculty in 1960. He became a UCB professor of metallurgy and a faculty scientist at Berkeley Lab, then known as Lawrence Berkeley Lab (LBL), in 1966. At a

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    Molecular Foundry Participates in NASA Earth Day Global Selfie

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    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

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