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Sample records for finland norway sweden

  1. Data from deployment of temporary seismic stations in northern Norway and Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Maercklin, N; Mykkeltveit, S; Schweitzer, J; Harris, D B; Rock, D W

    2005-02-11

    This short contribution is a description of data now available in NORSAR's data archives from a temporary deployment during 2002-2004 of six seismic stations in northern Norway and Finland. Explosions in underground as well as open-pit mines in the Khibiny massif of the Kola Peninsula of northwestern Russia are conducted on a frequent and relatively regular basis. It was decided to supplement the network of permanent stations in northern Fennoscandia and northwest Russia with temporarily deployed stations, in order to record these explosions, as well as other mining explosions and natural events occurring in this general area. As shown in Fig. 6.4.1, the six temporary stations were deployed along two profile lines, extending westwards from the Khibini massif. The rationale for this deployment was to collect data to examine distance as well as azimuthal dependence of seismic discriminants. As can be seen from Fig. 6.4.1 the southernmost of the two profile lines runs through the permanent seismic array ARCES in northern Norway.

  2. Economic consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Norway in 1986 and 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Tveten, U.

    1988-01-01

    In the accident consequence assessment (ACA) area there is extensive cooperation between the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden), performed within the Nordic Safety Program, and partially funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers, via the Nordic Liaison Committee for Atomic Energy. One of the 17 projects in the ACA-related program area is concerned with the economic consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Finland, Norway, and Sweden. This paper is limited to describing conditions in Norway. There are areas in Norway where the Chernobyl fallout is >100 kBq/m{sup 2}, and the total amount of radiocesium deposited over Norway is estimated by the National Institute for Radiation Hygiene to be 6% of the radiocesium released from the reactor. The areas where ground concentrations are highest are mostly in sparsely populated mountain areas. These areas are, however, important in connection with several nutritional pathways, notably, sheep, goats, reindeer, and freshwater fish. The purpose of this paper is to summarize information on mitigating actions and economic consequences of the deposited radioactive materials to Norwegian agriculture in the 1986-87 and 1987-88 slaughtering periods.

  3. Membership Finland

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Le DG C.Rubbia et la vice présidente du conseil du Cern souhaite la bienvenue à l'adhésion de la Finlande, comme 15me membre du Cern depuis le 1. janvier 1991 en présence du secrétaire generale et de l'ambassadeur

  4. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

  5. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... in place with eight industrialized countries: Denmark, France, Federal Republic of Germany, the Netherlands, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom 1986 Use of RECON ...

  6. International Group Gathers in Knoxville to Discuss Sharing Science...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Denmark, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, the U.K. and the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Nuclear Information System. ...

  7. Norden | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark, is a formal cooperation between Nordic amongst Nordic countries, which includes Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and the...

  8. Helsinki, Finland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Helsinki is the capital of Finland. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Helsinki, Finland Zone concept and smart protection pilot (Smart...

  9. Norway-Indonesia-Forest Management Agreement | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Norway-Indonesia-Forest Management Agreement Jump to: navigation, search Name Norway-Indonesia-Forest Management Agreement AgencyCompany Organization Government of Norway,...

  10. PV Enterprise Sweden AB | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sweden AB Place: Vilshult, Sweden Zip: 290 62 Product: Swedish manufacturer of photovoltaic modules, connection boxes, and installation equipment. Coordinates: 56.355011,...

  11. Sweden Cleantech Incubators | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Cleantech Incubators Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sweden Cleantech Incubators Place: Sweden Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Government Public...

  12. stergtland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    stergtland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name stergtland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2685867 Coordinates 58.41667,...

  13. Vsternorrland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Vsternorrland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Vsternorrland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2664292 Coordinates 63, 17.5...

  14. Sdermanland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    dermanland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Sdermanland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2676207 Coordinates 59.25,...

  15. Oslo, Norway: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Oslo is the capital of Norway.1 Contents 1 Registered Networking Organizations in Oslo, Norway 2...

  16. Applications for Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants in a Smart...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Private Wire Laws on the Development of CHP - Study of Security Aspects of Smart Grid ... Smart meter regulations in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Italy, France and Great Britain CHP is ...

  17. Finland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Country Profile Name Finland Population 5,180,000 GDP 276,275,000,000 Energy Consumption 1.29 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code FI 3-letter ISO code FIN Numeric ISO...

  18. Gothenburg, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Gothenburg, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2711537 Coordinates 57.70716, 11.96679 Show Map Loading map......

  19. Uppsala, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Uppsala, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2666199 Coordinates The following coordinate was not recognized: 59.85N...

  20. Taxation of oil and gas revenues: Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Stauffer, T.R.

    1982-04-01

    Fiscalization of petroleum in Norway is a multidimensional process, which includes the conventional components of explicit taxation but also involves implicit nontax economic burdens. The latter are often even more important than the taxes themselves. The multidimensional fiscal structure reflects the multiple purposes of petroleum taxation in Norway, of which revenue collection appears to be but one. Given the multiple objectives, it is therefore not surprising that the components are partly inconsistent and contradictory.

  1. Jmtland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jmtland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Jmtland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2703330 Coordinates 63, 14.66667 Show...

  2. Vstra Gtaland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    stra Gtaland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Vstra Gtaland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3337386 Coordinates 58, 13...

  3. Dalarna County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dalarna County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Dalarna County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2699767 Coordinates 61, 14.5 Show Map...

  4. Stockholm County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Stockholm County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Stockholm County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2673722 Coordinates 59.5, 18 Show Map...

  5. Energy use in Sweden: An international perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Schipper, L. |; Johnson, F.; Howarth, R.; Price, L.; Andersson, B.; Andersson, B.G. |

    1993-12-01

    This report analyzes the evolution of energy use in Sweden since the early 1970s. The purpose of the study, which is sponsored by NUTEK, Department of Energy Efficiency, the Swedish Agency for Technical and Industrial Development, is to shed light on the future path of energy use in Sweden by quantifying and understanding changes in past energy use. Energy efficiency has been identified by Swedish authorities in countless official studies as a key element in Sweden`s efforts to restrain oil imports, reduce reliance on nuclear power, reduce environmental impacts of energy use, and reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. To understand the role or performance of energy efficiency in the 1970s and 1980s in Sweden, and what this performance means about the future, the authors seek answers to three broad questions: (1) How has the structure and efficiency of energy use in Sweden evolved since the early 1970s, and where data permit, since even earlier? What caused these changes? (2) How does the structure of energy use in Sweden differ from that of other countries, and how has the evolution of energy use in Sweden differed from developments in other countries? (3) How much energy has Sweden saved, and why? Are these savings permanent? To what extent were they offset by changes in the structure of energy use? And to what extent is the magnitude of these savings dependent upon the way we measure energy use? The report reviews the long-term evolution of Swedish energy use, focusing on developments in five sectors of the economy: residential, service, industrial (manufacturing and {open_quotes}other industry{close_quotes} defined as mining, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, and construction), travel, and freight. The authors then examine Swedish energy use in a broader perspective, drawing detailed comparisons to other nations. Finally, they discuss a series of issues that hover over the future of energy demand in Sweden.

  6. Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway ... Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Sabine Pass, LA LNG ...

  7. Sweden Building Data | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Page Edit History Sweden Building Data Jump to: navigation, search For several years now, the Swedish Energy Agency has been working, under the name of the STIL2 project, to...

  8. Stockholm, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2673730 Coordinates 59.3327881, 18.0644881 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"map...

  9. Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Country Profile Name Sweden Population 9,658,301 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 2.22 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code SE 3-letter ISO code SWE Numeric ISO...

  10. ARM - News from the Hyytiälä, Finland, Deployment

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne National Laboratory "Mobile Climate Station Heads to Finland" February 13, 2014 Laboratory Equipment "Traveling Climate Station Goes to Finland" February 13, 2014 ARM ...

  11. Gvleborg County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Gvleborg County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Gvleborg County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2712411 Coordinates 61.5, 16.25 Show...

  12. Skne County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Skne County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Skne County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3337385 Coordinates 55.98333, 13.5 Show Map...

  13. rebro County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    rebro County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name rebro County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2686655 Coordinates 59.5, 15 Show Map Loading...

  14. Jnkping County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    nkping County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Jnkping County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2702976 Coordinates 57.5, 14.5 Show...

  15. REMOVAL OF LEGACY PLUTONIUM MATERIALS FROM SWEDEN

    SciTech Connect

    Dunn, Kerry A.; Bellamy, J. Steve; Chandler, Greg T.; Iyer, Natraj C.; Koenig, Rich E.; Leduc, D.; Hackney, B.; Leduc, Dan R.; McClard, J. W.

    2013-08-18

    U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Office of Global Threat Reduction (GTRI) recently removed legacy plutonium materials from Sweden in collaboration with AB SVAFO, Sweden. This paper details the activities undertaken through the U.S. receiving site (Savannah River Site (SRS)) to support the characterization, stabilization, packaging and removal of legacy plutonium materials from Sweden in 2012. This effort was undertaken as part of GTRI’s Gap Materials Program and culminated with the successful removal of plutonium from Sweden as announced at the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit. The removal and shipment of plutonium materials to the United States was the first of its kind under NNSA’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative. The Environmental Assessment for the U.S. receipt of gap plutonium material was approved in May 2010. Since then, the multi-year process yielded many first time accomplishments associated with plutonium packaging and transport activities including the application of the of DOE-STD-3013 stabilization requirements to treat plutonium materials outside the U.S., the development of an acceptance criteria for receipt of plutonium from a foreign country, the development and application of a versatile process flow sheet for the packaging of legacy plutonium materials, the identification of a plutonium container configuration, the first international certificate validation of the 9975 shipping package and the first intercontinental shipment using the 9975 shipping package. This paper will detail the technical considerations in developing the packaging process flow sheet, defining the key elements of the flow sheet and its implementation, determining the criteria used in the selection of the transport package, developing the technical basis for the package certificate amendment and the reviews with multiple licensing authorities and most importantly integrating the technical activities with the Swedish partners.

  16. Blekinge County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name Blekinge County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2721357 Coordinates 56.33333, 15.33333 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemap...

  17. Laboratory]; Aberg, Sven [LUND SWEDEN]; Uhrenholt, Henrik [LUND...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Uhrenholt, Henrik LUND SWEDEN; Ickhikawa, Takatoshi RIKEN 71; DYNAMICS; ENERGY; ENERGY-LEVEL DENSITY; EXCITATION; GROUND STATES; LEVELS; NEUTRONS; NUCLEI; PARITY;...

  18. Green light for nonstop fermentation. [Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-10-19

    It is reported that Alfa-Laval (Tumba) is to build a $10 million demonstration plant at Skaraborg, Sweden that will produce ethanol from grain in a continuous fermentation process. The facility, funded by the Swedish government will be able to make 20,000 L/d of 99.5% ethanol, plus 30.5 metric tons/d of cattle fodder from the liftover sludge, using the so-called Biostil technique. A similar unit has been run in Sarenia, Queensland using molasses as a feedstock. The facility has been highly successful since its startup in April and has had no downtime.

  19. City of Norway, Michigan (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesNorway-Michigan-Government181183321938416?skwall Outage Hotline: 906-563-9641, extension 501 or 906-563-9961, extension 200, 201, or 202...

  20. DOE and Sweden Sign MOU to Advance Market Integration of Plug...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Sweden Sign MOU to Advance Market Integration of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles DOE and Sweden ... U.S. Expands Energy Cooperation with Sweden DOE Expands International Effort to Develop ...

  1. Plutonium Removal from Sweden: Fact Sheet | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Sweden has been a global leader on nonproliferation, and was one of the first countries to return highly enriched uranium based spent fuel under the U.S. Foreign Research Reactor ...

  2. U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    , Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations Jonathan Male, PNNL, presentation at the December 5, 2012, Biomass Program-hosted International webinar on U.S., Canada, and Finland pyrolysis collaborations. male_2012_webinar.pdf (837.26 KB) More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil Bioenergy Technologies Office R&D Pathways: Fast Pyrolysis and

  3. Government policies for the environment: The Sweden case

    SciTech Connect

    Nilsson, D.

    1997-12-31

    Sweden is one of the world leaders in environmental protection. This has been Impossible through public information and interest, industrial responsibility, and the use of various economic measures that offer incentives to increase recycling and reduce emissions. The author describes some of these measures and the results that have been obtained in his native land.

  4. Quality of Cultural Heritage in EIA; twenty years of experience in Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Lindblom, Inge

    2012-04-15

    The aim of this paper is to clarify and discuss how quality, relevance, attitudes, beliefs and transfer value act as underlying driving forces in the development of the Cultural Heritage theme in EIAs. One purpose is to identify and discuss some conditions that can better environmental assessment in order to increase the significance of EIA in decision-making with regard to Cultural Heritage. The main tools used are different research methods designed for analyses of quality and quality changes, primarily based on the relevant opinions of 160 people occupied with Cultural Heritage in EIA in Norway. The study is based on a review of 40 types of EIAs from 1991 to 2000, an online questionnaire to 319 (160 responded) individuals from 14 different backgrounds, and interviews with three institutions in Sweden and Denmark. The study confirms a steadily increasing quality on EIRs over time, parallel with an improvement of the way in which Cultural Heritage is treated in EIA. This is supported by both the interviews and the qualitative comments regarding the survey. Potential for improvements is shown to be a need for more detailed background material as well as more use of adequate methods. The survey shows the existence of a wide variety of negative views, attitudes and beliefs, but the consequences of this are difficult to evaluate. However, most certainly, negative attitudes and beliefs have not been powerful enough to be detrimental to the quality of Cultural Heritage component, as nothing in the study indicates that negative attitudes and myths are undermining the system of EIA. The study shows the importance of having on-going discussions on quality and quality change over time by people involved in EIA, and how this is a necessary condition for successful implementation and acceptance. Beliefs and negative attitudes can also be a catalyst for developing better practice and advancing new methodology. In addition, new EIA countries must be prepared for several years

  5. U.S. Expands Energy Cooperation with Sweden | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Expands Energy Cooperation with Sweden U.S. Expands Energy Cooperation with Sweden June 28, 2007 - 2:08pm Addthis DOE to Work with Volvo AB/Mack Trucks on Advanced Vehicle R&D STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN - U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Swedish Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Enterprise and Energy Maud Olofsson today signed an implementing agreement to further expand cooperation on renewable energy and

  6. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 2,709 2,918 2015 5,992 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Norway

  7. {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb in Forest Soil and in Wild Berries in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Vaaramaa, Kaisa; Lehto, Jukka; Solatie, Dina; Aro, Lasse

    2008-08-07

    The behaviour of {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb was investigated in forests in the Southern Finland site and in the Northern Finland site. Sampling sites were in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests. Maximum activities of {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb in soil columns were found in organic layers. According to preliminary results of wild berry samples, the lowest {sup 210}Po concentrations were found in berries. The highest concentration of {sup 210}Po was found in stems of the blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and the lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) samples.

  8. A Mixed Nordic Experience: Implementing Competitive Retail Electricity Markets for Household Customers

    SciTech Connect

    Olsen, Ole Jess; Johnsen, Tor Arnt; Lewis, Philip

    2006-11-15

    Although the Nordic countries were among the first to develop competition in the electricity industry, it took a long time to make retail competition work. In Norway and Sweden a considerable number of households are actively using the market but very few households are active in Finland and Denmark. One problem has been institutional barriers involving metering, limited unbundling of distribution and supply, and limited access to reliable information on contracts and prices. (author)

  9. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Norway (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  10. Cove Point, MD Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Cubic Feet) Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Cove Point, MD Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,909 5,810 2,900 2014 2,621 2,995 2015 3,097 3,105 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of

  11. Geotomography applied at the Stripa Mine in Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Okada, J.T.; Laine, E.F.; Lytle, R.J.; Daily,W.D.

    1980-04-07

    LLNL made ultrahigh-frequency (450-MHz) electromagnetic borehole-to-borehole transmissions in the Stripa Mine near Guldsmedshyttan, Sweden, in April 1979. Transmission loss measurements were made between four sets of 76-mm boreholes 30 m long, located at the end of a drift. Distances between the boreholes varied from 2 to 22 m. More than 25,000 data points were taken. A geotomograph was constructed to show the variation of attenuation between boreholes. The observed spatial variation of electromagnetic attenuation may be related to the expected stress relief created by the mine. Transmission loss measurements were also made between two converging boreholes drilled from the surface to points near the mine. Data taken at 21 MHz show a nearly uniform attenuation within this sampled region. These experiments demonstrate that geotomographic data collection/interpretation provides high-resolution images of the underground environment and can provide useful input to those charged with providing the detailed site characterizations needed for both short- and long-term monitoring of underground nuclear waste repositories.

  12. Geohydrological data from the macropermeability experiment at Stripa, Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, C.R.; Long, J.C.S.; Galbraith, R.M.; Karasaki, K.; Endo, H.K.; DuBois, A.O.; McPherson, M.J.; Ramqvist, G.

    1981-03-01

    The Macropermeability Experiment was conducted in a granite body adjacent to a recently abandoned iron ore mine at Stripa, Sweden. This experiment was conducted to measure the permeability of a large volume of low permeability, fractured rock. The experiment was conducted over 11 months in an approximately 4m x 4m x 33m drift at the 335 m level of the mine. Groundwater seepage into the drift was measured as the net moisture pickup of the ventilation system. Water pressure and temperature were monitored at 95 locations in the rock surrounding the drift. The data collection system was designed to provide in-situ averaging of the measured parameters, to ultimately estimate the hydraulic conductivity of the rock as if it were a porous medium. This report is limited to data presentation. It describes the types of data collected, the methods of measurement, and procedures used for data collection, storage, and reduction. Experimental errors are reviewed for all principal types of data. The data presented are sufficient to estimate (1) the rate of seepage of moisture into the drift; (2) the three-dimensional distribution of hydraulic head in the rock mass to a radial distance of 30 m from the drift; and (3) the three-dimensional distribution of temperature in the rock mass, also to a radial distance of 30 m. These data can in turn be used to estimate the intrinsic permeability of the monitored rock mass. Analysis and interpretation of these results will be presented in subsequent reports.

  13. Flexible and robust strategies for waste management in Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Finnveden, Goeran Bjoerklund, Anna; Reich, Marcus Carlsson; Eriksson, Ola; Soerbom, Adrienne

    2007-07-01

    Treatment of solid waste continues to be on the political agenda. Waste disposal issues are often viewed from an environmental perspective, but economic and social aspects also need to be considered when deciding on waste strategies and policy instruments. The aim of this paper is to suggest flexible and robust strategies for waste management in Sweden, and to discuss different policy instruments. Emphasis is on environmental aspects, but social and economic aspects are also considered. The results show that most waste treatment methods have a role to play in a robust and flexible integrated waste management system, and that the waste hierarchy is valid as a rule of thumb from an environmental perspective. A review of social aspects shows that there is a general willingness among people to source separate wastes. A package of policy instruments can include landfill tax, an incineration tax which is differentiated with respect to the content of fossil fuels and a weight based incineration tax, as well as support to the use of biogas and recycled materials.

  14. Ewan O'Connor FMI (Finnish Meteorological Ins7tute), Helsinki, Finland

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    5/16 Diagnosing boundary layer properties from remote-sensing observations Ewan O'Connor FMI (Finnish Meteorological Ins7tute), Helsinki, Finland University of Reading, Reading, UK Boundary Layer * Friction-only * Classical fluid dynamics * Atmospheric stability * Atmospheric * Include convection, cloud * Include coast, cities 3/15/16 What is a boundary layer? * Classical fluid dynamics: the layer in a nearly inviscid fluid next to a surface in which frictional drag associated with that surface

  15. Mechanical-biological waste treatment and the associated occupational hygiene in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Tolvanen, Outi K. . E-mail: outolvan@bytl.jyu.fi; Haenninen, Kari I.

    2006-07-01

    A special feature of waste management in Finland has been the emphasis on the source separation of kitchen biowaste (catering waste); more than two-thirds of the Finnish population participates in this separation. Source-separated biowaste is usually treated by composting. The biowaste of about 5% of the population is handled by mechanical-biological treatment. A waste treatment plant at Mustasaari is the only plant in Finland using digestion for kitchen biowaste. For the protection of their employees, the plant owners commissioned a study on environmental factors and occupational hygiene in the plant area. During 1998-2000 the concentrations of dust, microbes and endotoxins and noise levels were investigated to identify possible problems at the plant. Three different work areas were investigated: the pre-processing and crushing hall, the bioreactor hall and the drying hall. Employees were asked about work-related health problems. Some problems with occupational hygiene were identified: concentrations of microbes and endotoxins may increase to levels harmful to health during waste crushing and in the bioreactor hall. Because employees complained of symptoms such as dry cough and rash or itching appearing once or twice a month, it is advisable to use respirator masks (class P3) during dusty working phases. The noise level in the drying hall exceeded the Finnish threshold value of 85 dBA. Qualitatively harmful factors for the health of employees are similar in all closed waste treatment plants in Finland. Quantitatively, however, the situation at the Mustasaari treatment plant is better than at some Finnish dry waste treatment plants. Therefore is reasonable to conclude that mechanical sorting, which produces a dry waste fraction for combustion and a biowaste fraction for anaerobic treatment, is in terms of occupational hygiene better for employees than combined aerobic treatment and dry waste treatment.

  16. Risk of large-scale fires in boreal forests of Finland under changing climate

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Lehtonen, I.; Venäläinen, A.; Kamarainen, M.; Peltola, H.; Gregow, H.

    2016-01-21

    Here, the target of this work was to assess the impact of projected climate change on forest-fire activity in Finland with special emphasis on large-scale fires. In addition, we were particularly interested to examine the inter-model variability of the projected change of fire danger. For this purpose, we utilized fire statistics covering the period 1996-2014 and consisting of almost 20,000 forest fires, as well as daily meteorological data from five global climate models under representative concentration pathway RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios. The model data were statistically downscaled onto a high-resolution grid using the quantile-mapping method before performing the analysis. Inmore » examining the relationship between weather and fire danger, we applied the Canadian fire weather index (FWI) system. Our results suggest that the number of large forest fires may double or even triple during the present century. This would increase the risk that some of the fires could develop into real conflagrations which have become almost extinct in Finland due to active and efficient fire suppression. However, the results reveal substantial inter-model variability in the rate of the projected increase of forest-fire danger, emphasizing the large uncertainty related to the climate change signal in fire activity. We moreover showed that the majority of large fires in Finland occur within a relatively short period in May and June due to human activities and that FWI correlates poorer with the fire activity during this time of year than later in summer when lightning is a more important cause of fires.« less

  17. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016"

  18. Integrating impact assessment and conflict management in urban planning: Experiences from Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Peltonen, Lasse; Sairinen, Rauno

    2010-09-15

    The article examines the interlinkages between recent developments in conflict management and impact assessment procedures in the context of urban planning in Finland. It sets out by introducing the fields of impact assessment and conflict mediation. It then proceeds to discuss the development of impact assessment practices and the status of conflict mediation in Finnish land use planning. The case of Korteniitty infill development plan in Jyvaeskylae is used to demonstrate how the Finnish planning system operates in conflict situations - and how social impact assessment can contribute to managing planning conflicts. The authors ask how the processes of impact assessment contribute to conflict management. Based on the Finnish experience, it is argued that social impact assessment of land use plans can contribute to conflict management, especially in the absence of institutionalised conflict mediation processes. In addition, SIA may acquire features of conflict mediation, depending on extent and intensity of stakeholder participation in the process, and the quality of linkages it between knowledge production and decision-making. Simultaneously, conflict mediation practices and theoretical insights can inform the application of SIA to help it address land use conflicts more consciously.

  19. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and the USSR. Volume 3. 1990 international review

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 29 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Denmark/Greenland, Spain, Portugal, Luxembourg, The United Kingdom, and Ireland); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Austria, and Switzerland); Malta; the 8 Centrally Planned Economies of Eastern Europe (the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria); and the USSR.

  20. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007 - 2012; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect

    Hand, Maureen

    2015-06-15

    This presentation provides a summary of IEA Wind Task 26 report on Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007-2012

  1. Social impact assessment in mining projects in Northern Finland: Comparing practice to theory

    SciTech Connect

    Suopajärvi, Leena

    2013-09-15

    The paper discusses social impact assessments (SIA) for mining projects in light of the international principles and guidelines for such assessments and the academic literature in the field. The data consist of environmental impact assessment (EIA) programmes and reports for six mining projects that have started up in northern Finland in the 2000s. A first observation is that the role of the SIAs in the EIA programmes and reports studied was quite minor: measured in number of pages, the assessments account for three or four percent of the total. This study analyses the data collection, research methodology and conceptual premises used in the SIAs. It concludes that the assessments do not fully meet the high standards of the international principles and guidelines set out for them: for example, elderly men are over-represented in the data and no efforts were made to identify and bring to the fore vulnerable groups. Moreover, the reliability of the assessments is difficult to gauge, because the qualitative methods are not described and where quantitative methods were used, details such as non-response rates to questionnaires are not discussed. At the end of the paper, the SIAs are discussed in terms of Jürgen Habermas' theory of knowledge interests, with the conclusion that the assessments continue the empirical analytical tradition of the social sciences and exhibit a technical knowledge interest. -- Highlights: • Paper investigates social impact assessments in Finnish mining projects. • Role of social impact assessment is minor in whole EIA-process. • Mining SIAs give the voice for elderly men, vulnerable groups are not identified. • Assessment of SIAs is difficult because of lacking transparency in reporting. • SIAs belong to empirical analytical tradition with technical knowledge interest.

  2. Radiocesium ([sup 137]Cs) from the Chernobyl reactor in Eurasian woodcock and earthworms in Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Kalas, J.A. ); Bretten, S.; Njastad, O. ); Byrkjedal, I. )

    1994-01-01

    To understand the ecological effects of the Chernobyl reactor accident, we investigated radiocesium ([sup 137]Cs) levels in Eurasian woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), earthworms (Lambricidae), litter (dead organic materials lying on the ground), humus (beneath litter 2 cm deep), and mineral soil samples (3-6 cm deep) from a heavily effected (20-60 kBq/m[sup 2][1 Bq = 1 nuclear fission/sec]) area in Norway. The highest concentrations measured in earthworms (1988 median = 142 Bq/Kg) and woodcock (1986 median = 730 Bq/kg) for human food (600 Bq/kg fresh mass) only were found in woodcock during 1986. Radiocesium concentrations decreased (P < 0.001) in earthworms (40%) and woodcock (95%) from 1986 to 1990. There was no reduction in total radiocesium in soil over the same period. The relatively high radiocesium concentrations in woodcock during 1986 and the decreasing radiocesium ratio in woodcock to earthworms during the first years following fallout could have been caused by woodcock ingesting abiotic radiocesium with earthworms. The decrease in radiocesium in woodcock and earthworms during the study (1986-90) probably resulted from decreasing bioavailability of radiocesium during the first years after fallout rather than by radiocesium disappearing from the ecosystem. 38 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Ozone induces glucose intolerance and systemic metabolic effects in young and aged brown Norway rats

    SciTech Connect

    Bass, V.; Gordon, C.J.; Jarema, K.A.; MacPhail, R.C.; Cascio, W.E.; Phillips, P.M.; Ledbetter, A.D.; Schladweiler, M.C.; Andrews, D.; Miller, D.; Doerfler, D.L.; Kodavanti, U.P.

    2013-12-15

    Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. We hypothesized that ozone would impair glucose homeostasis by altering insulin signaling and/or endoplasmic reticular (ER) stress in young and aged rats. One, 4, 12, and 24 month old Brown Norway (BN) rats were exposed to air or ozone, 0.25 or 1.0 ppm, 6 h/day for 2 days (acute) or 2 d/week for 13 weeks (subchronic). Additionally, 4 month old rats were exposed to air or 1.0 ppm ozone, 6 h/day for 1 or 2 days (time-course). Glucose tolerance tests (GTT) were performed immediately after exposure. Serum and tissue biomarkers were analyzed 18 h after final ozone for acute and subchronic studies, and immediately after each day of exposure in the time-course study. Age-related glucose intolerance and increases in metabolic biomarkers were apparent at baseline. Acute ozone caused hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance in rats of all ages. Ozone-induced glucose intolerance was reduced in rats exposed for 13 weeks. Acute, but not subchronic ozone increased ?{sub 2}-macroglobulin, adiponectin and osteopontin. Time-course analysis indicated glucose intolerance at days 1 and 2 (2 > 1), and a recovery 18 h post ozone. Leptin increased day 1 and epinephrine at all times after ozone. Ozone tended to decrease phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-1 in liver and adipose tissues. ER stress appeared to be the consequence of ozone induced acute metabolic impairment since transcriptional markers of ER stress increased only after 2 days of ozone. In conclusion, acute ozone exposure induces marked systemic metabolic impairments in BN rats of all ages, likely through sympathetic stimulation. - Highlights: Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. Acute ozone exposure produces profound metabolic alterations in rats. Age influences metabolic risk factors in aging BN rats. Acute metabolic effects are reversible and repeated exposure reduces these effects. Ozone metabolic effects

  4. (Environmental impact assessment as applied to policies, plans and programs)

    SciTech Connect

    Sigal, L.L.

    1990-10-19

    A proposal to study the application of the principles of environmental impact assessment (EIA) to policy, plans, and programs was submitted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the Senior Advisors on Environmental and Water Problems of the United Nations Economic Commission. On approval, EPA asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to support its efforts as lead participant on an international task force. ORNL is responsible for overall project management, including development of the report. At the first meeting in Geneva on June 18--19, there were representatives from Austria, Canada, Finland, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The administrative/legal setting for EIA in each country was reviewed. The objectives of the task force were defined, and issues related to the application of EIA at the policy level were discussed. At the second meeting, in addition to those countries represented at the first meeting the Commission of Economic Communities, Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, Remark, Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, and The Netherlands were represented. A brief review was given by the new participants of legal/administrative requirements for EIA in their countries. Case studies were presented by Canada, Finland, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United States.

  5. Radioactive waste storage in mined caverns in crystalline rock: results of field investigations at Stripa, Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Witherspoon, P.A.

    1980-10-01

    It is generally agreed that the most practicable method of isolating nuclear wastes from the biosphere is by deep burial in suitable geologic formations. Such burial achieves a high degree of physical isolation but raises questions concerning the rate at which some of these wastes may return to the biosphere through transport by groundwater. Any suitable repository site will be disturbed first by excavation and second by the thermal pulse caused by the radioactive decay of the wastes. To assess the effectiveness of geologic isolation it is necessary to develop the capability of predicting the response of a rock mass to such a thermal pulse. Ultimately, this requires field measurements below the surface in media representative of those likely to be encountered at an actual repository. Access to a granitic rock mass adjacent to a defunct iron ore mine at Stripa, Sweden, at a depth of about 350 m below surface has provided a unique opportunity to conduct a comprehensive suite of hydrological and thermo-mechanical experiments under such conditions. The results of these field tests have shown the importance of geologic structure and the functional dependence of the thermo-mechanical properties on temperature in developing a valid predictive model. The results have also demonstrated the vital importance of carrying out large-scale investigations in a field test facility.

  6. Which environmental problems get policy attention? Examining energy and agricultural sector policies in Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Engstroem, Rebecka Nilsson, Mans Finnveden, Goeran

    2008-05-15

    Not all environmental problems get the same level of policy attention. An interesting question is thus why certain aspects receive attention and others do not. This paper studies the level of policy attention given to different environmental aspects in agriculture and energy policy in Sweden and explores empirically some factors that can explain the level of attention. The first step was to explore the link between environmental issue characteristics and the level of policy attention. The level of policy attention was measured through a content analysis of Swedish government bills. The results from the content analysis are clear and stable over the studied time period. In the agriculture sector biodiversity and toxicity are in focus whereas in the energy sector climate change and resources are given the attention. Besides these aspects, the attention is limited. These results were compared with the results from sector-wide environmental assessments of the same sectors. These assessments were based on hybrid input-output analysis and life cycle assessment methodologies. A main finding from the study is that issue importance is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for policy attention. Other explanations are needed to understand which environmental issues get attention in sectoral policy. Our assessment showed that while the level of knowledge does not provide an explanation, the presence of strong and well-organised stakeholders within the sector, with an interest in having a certain issue on the agenda, might be decisive for issue attention. Path dependency and limited attention capacity are other important factors.

  7. The composition, heating value and renewable share of the energy content of mixed municipal solid waste in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Horttanainen, M. Teirasvuo, N.; Kapustina, V.; Hupponen, M.; Luoranen, M.

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: • New experimental data of mixed MSW properties in a Finnish case region. • The share of renewable energy of mixed MSW. • The results were compared with earlier international studies. • The average share of renewable energy was 30% and the average LHVar 19 MJ/kg. • Well operating source separation decreases the renewable energy content of MSW. - Abstract: For the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from waste incineration it is essential to know the share of the renewable energy content of the combusted waste. The composition and heating value information is generally available, but the renewable energy share or heating values of different fractions of waste have rarely been determined. In this study, data from Finnish studies concerning the composition and energy content of mixed MSW were collected, new experimental data on the compositions, heating values and renewable share of energy were presented and the results were compared to the estimations concluded from earlier international studies. In the town of Lappeenranta in south-eastern Finland, the share of renewable energy ranged between 25% and 34% in the energy content tests implemented for two sample trucks. The heating values of the waste and fractions of plastic waste were high in the samples compared to the earlier studies in Finland. These high values were caused by good source separation and led to a low share of renewable energy content in the waste. The results showed that in mixed municipal solid waste the renewable share of the energy content can be significantly lower than the general assumptions (50–60%) when the source separation of organic waste, paper and cardboard is carried out successfully. The number of samples was however small for making extensive conclusions on the results concerning the heating values and renewable share of energy and additional research is needed for this purpose.

  8. Founding BRCA1 mutations in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer in southern Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Johannsson, O.; Hakansson, S.; Johannson, U.

    1996-03-01

    Nine different germ-line mutations in the BRCA1 breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene were identified in 15 of 47 kindreds from southern Sweden, by use of SSCP and heteroduplex analysis of all exons and flanking intron region and by a protein-truncation test for exon 11, followed by direct sequencing. All but one of the mutations are predicted to give rise to premature translation termination and include seven frameshift insertions or deletions, a nonsense mutation, and a splice acceptor site mutation. The remaining mutation is a missense mutation (Cys61Gly) in the zinc-binding motif. Four novel Swedish founding mutations were identified: the nucleotide 2595 deletion A was found in five families, the C 1806 T nonsense mutation in three families, the 3166 insertion TGAGA in three families, and the nucleotide 1201 deletion 11 in two families. Analysis of the intragenic polymorphism D17S855 supports common origins of the mutations. Eleven of the 15 kindreds manifesting BRCA1 mutations were breast-ovarian cancer families, several of them with a predominant ovarian cancer phenotype. The set of 32 families in which no BRCA1 alterations were detected included 1 breast-ovarian cancer kindred manifesting clear linkage to the BRCA1 region and loss of the wild-type chromosome in associated tumors. Other tumor types found in BRCA1 mutation/haplotype carriers included prostatic, pancreas, skin, and lung cancer, a malignant melanoma, an oligodendroglioma, and a carcinosarcoma. In all, 12 of 16 kindreds manifesting BRCA1 mutation or linkage contained ovarian cancer, as compared with only 6 of the remaining 31 families (P < .001). The present study confirms the involvement of BRCA1 in disease predisposition for a subset of hereditary breast cancer families often characterized by ovarian cancers. 28 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  10. UPDATED ADVISORY: Clean Energy Ministerial Photo Now at 11:15...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    invited from Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Norway, China, the Republic of Korea,...

  11. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  12. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  13. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  14. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | July 19, 2013: Discovery...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  15. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 3, 2015: U.S. joins...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  16. Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  17. Press Pass - Press Release - U.S. scientists join in "cosmic...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  18. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak...

  19. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 5, 2015: U.S. scientists...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  20. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  1. Press Pass - Press Release - CDF B_s

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  2. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC Restart

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  3. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 13, 2015: Two Large...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  4. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 19, 2014: International...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  5. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  6. Primary and secondary battery consumption trends in Sweden 1996–2013: Method development and detailed accounting by battery type

    SciTech Connect

    Patrício, João; Kalmykova, Yuliya; Berg, Per E.O.; Rosado, Leonardo; Åberg, Helena

    2015-05-15

    Highlights: • Developed MFA method was validated by the national statistics. • Exponential increase of EEE sales leads to increase in integrated battery consumption. • Digital convergence is likely to be a cause for primary batteries consumption decline. • Factors for estimation of integrated batteries in EE are provided. • Sweden reached the collection rates defined by European Union. - Abstract: In this article, a new method based on Material Flow Accounting is proposed to study detailed material flows in battery consumption that can be replicated for other countries. The method uses regularly available statistics on import, industrial production and export of batteries and battery-containing electric and electronic equipment (EEE). To promote method use by other scholars with no access to such data, several empirically results and their trends over time, for different types of batteries occurrence among the EEE types are provided. The information provided by the method can be used to: identify drivers of battery consumption; study the dynamic behavior of battery flows – due to technology development, policies, consumers behavior and infrastructures. The method is exemplified by the study of battery flows in Sweden for years 1996–2013. The batteries were accounted, both in units and weight, as primary and secondary batteries; loose and integrated; by electrochemical composition and share of battery use between different types of EEE. Results show that, despite a fivefold increase in the consumption of rechargeable batteries, they account for only about 14% of total use of portable batteries. Recent increase in digital convergence has resulted in a sharp decline in the consumption of primary batteries, which has now stabilized at a fairly low level. Conversely, the consumption of integrated batteries has increased sharply. In 2013, 61% of the total weight of batteries sold in Sweden was collected, and for the particular case of alkaline manganese

  7. The Building and Commissioning of the Batch Pyrolysis Plant in Studsvik, Sweden - 12447

    SciTech Connect

    Lindberg, Maria; Oesterberg, Carl; Vernersson, Thomas

    2012-07-01

    After a sequence of lab scale and bench scale trials the building of a pyrolysis plant could begin at the Studsvik site in Sweden. The facility is primarily aimed at treatment of uranium contaminated organic waste originating at fuel manufacturing plants and other facilities where the main contamination is uranium. The plant is an extension/addition to the already operating incinerator. In order to further widen the waste acceptance criteria the design of the off-gas treatment system does not have the same design as that of the incinerator. The building of the facility began in April 2011, and the first heating of the facility took place in late December, 2011. The site acceptance tests are planned for January, as are the first inactive trials aimed at optimisation of process control. The facility is planned to be operating with radioactive materials from February 2012. The pyrolysis unit is primarily aimed at treatment of uranium contaminated waste, under conditions that facilitate leaching and recovery of the uranium from the ashes. However, a number of other uses are conceivable. The batch fed pyrolysis unit, with its chosen design of the off-gas treatment system, enables treatment of some waste fractions that are difficult to treat in the incinerator. For instance small campaigns, i.e. smaller quantities of waste (typically <5 tonnes), or waste containing high levels of chlorine and sulphur are possible to treat in the pyrolysis unit. The pyrolysis unit is also expected to perform well in the treatment of other 'difficult' waste fractions, for instance waste containing pyrophoric materials, or other types of waste that benefit from the high level of process control, i.e. control of temperature and atmosphere throughout the process, that can be obtained in the pyrolysis unit compared to the incinerator. Furthermore, treatment in the pyrolysis unit minimises the risk of cross contamination between different waste treatment campaigns. This feature is obtained

  8. A generalised background correction algorithm for a Halo Doppler lidar and its application to data from Finland

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Manninen, Antti J.; O'Connor, Ewan J.; Vakkari, Ville; Petäjä, Tuukka

    2016-03-03

    Current commercially available Doppler lidars provide an economical and robust solution for measuring vertical and horizontal wind velocities, together with the ability to provide co- and cross-polarised backscatter profiles. The high temporal resolution of these instruments allows turbulent properties to be obtained from studying the variation in radial velocities. However, the instrument specifications mean that certain characteristics, especially the background noise behaviour, become a limiting factor for the instrument sensitivity in regions where the aerosol load is low. Turbulent calculations require an accurate estimate of the contribution from velocity uncertainty estimates, which are directly related to the signal-to-noise ratio. Anymore » bias in the signal-to-noise ratio will propagate through as a bias in turbulent properties. In this paper we present a method to correct for artefacts in the background noise behaviour of commercially available Doppler lidars and reduce the signal-to-noise ratio threshold used to discriminate between noise, and cloud or aerosol signals. Lastly, we show that, for Doppler lidars operating continuously at a number of locations in Finland, the data availability can be increased by as much as 50 % after performing this background correction and subsequent reduction in the threshold. The reduction in bias also greatly improves subsequent calculations of turbulent properties in weak signal regimes.« less

  9. file://\\\\Bellview\\TeamWorks\\TRUTeamWorks.htm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... WIPP has a lot to offer the nuclear waste management industry. Last year, WIPP hosted 95 foreign visitors from Finland, China, South Korea, Japan, Sweden, Canda, Germany , France ...

  10. OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    714271111,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India,...

  11. T

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    It was interesting to listen to the different perspectives from different parts of the world, including Finland, Sweden, China, Canada, Ja- pan, Germany, Belgium, France, and many ...

  12. Slide 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... 2006) * Sweden, Switzerland, Belgium, U.K., Canada, US (WIPP) - Other Countries * Germany, Japan, Finland, France, South Korea, Spain, Netherlands 5 June 3, 2014 FEP Analysis ...

  13. Thermal and thermomechanical data from in situ heater experiments at Stripa, Sweden. Technical Information Report No. 29

    SciTech Connect

    Chan, T.; Binnall, E.; Nelson, P.; Stolzman, R.; Wan, O.; Weaver, C.; Ang, K.; Braley, J.; McEvoy, M.

    1980-09-01

    Heater experiments were conducted in a granite body adjacent to a recently abandoned iron ore mine at Stripa, Sweden, to investigate the response of a hard rock mass to thermal loading. Heating commenced in June, 1978 and lasted for approximately one year. The rock was heavily instrumented to measure the temperature, displacement, and stress fields. Monitoring of the rock response continued for half a year after the heaters were deactivated. In-situ post-experiment calibrations of instrumentation were completed by June 1980. The enormous data base (approximately 50 million measurements), recorded by a computer-based data acquisition system, has now been structured, verified, and converted to engineering units. This report describes the types of data available and the procedures used for data acquisition, transfer, encoding-decoding, reorganization, storage, processing, and verification. Information is given on data structure and format and how potential users can access the computer-readable data.

  14. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. c) North Sea includes offshore supply from...

  15. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  16. Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  17. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. 3 Other Europe and Eurasia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,...

  18. International Energy Agency (IEA) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.2 Headlines IEA Deputy Executive Director explores...

  19. Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States Mission OECD brings together the governments of...

  20. Energi E2 A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    company which owns and operates CHP-based power stations in Denmark, hydroelectric power plants in Sweden and Norway as well as wind assets in Sweden, Greece and Spain....

  1. Advancing strategic environmental assessment in the offshore oil and gas sector: Lessons from Norway, Canada, and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect

    Fidler, Courtney; Noble, Bram

    2012-04-15

    Abstract: Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) for offshore oil and gas planning and development is utilized in select international jurisdictions, but the sector has received limited attention in the SEA literature. While the potential benefits of and rationale for SEA are well argued, there have been few empirical studies of SEA processes for the offshore sector. Hence, little is known about the efficacy of SEA offshore, in particular its influence on planning and development decisions. This paper examines SEA practice and influence in three international offshore systems: Norway, Atlantic Canada and the United Kingdom, with the intent to identify the challenges, lessons and opportunities for advancing SEA in offshore planning and impact assessment. Results demonstrate that SEA can help inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project-based assessment in the offshore sector, however weak coordination between higher and lower tiers limit SEA's ability to influence planning and development decisions in a broad regional environmental and socioeconomic context. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SEA can inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project EA offshore Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Scope and deliverables of SEA offshore often differ from stakeholder expectations Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Considerable variability in influence of SEA output beyond licensing decisions Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sector-based SEA offshore is often too restrictive to generate expected benefits.

  2. AMF Deployment, Hyytiala, Finland

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    & Press BAECC Blog Backgrounder (PDF, 1.5MB) Poster (JPEG, 1.3MB) Education Flyer (English) (PDF, 1.3MB) Education Flyer (Finnish) (PDF, 1.3MB) Images Contacts Nicki Hickmon,...

  3. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007–2012

    SciTech Connect

    Vitina, Aisma; Lüers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabø, Lief I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arántegui, Roberto; Hand, Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan H; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-01

    The International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement for cooperation in Research, Development, and Deployment of Wind Energy Systems (IEA Wind) Task 26—The Cost of Wind Energy represents an international collaboration dedicated to exploring past, present and future cost of wind energy. This report provides an overview of recent trends in wind plant technology, cost, and performance in those countries that are currently represented by participating organizations in IEA Wind Task 26: Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States as well as the European Union.

  4. Utilization of Radiation Therapy in Norway After the Implementation of The National Cancer Plan—A National, Population-Based Study

    SciTech Connect

    Åsli, Linn M.; Kvaløy, Stein O.; Jetne, Vidar; Myklebust, Tor Å.; Levernes, Sverre G.; Tveit, Kjell M.; Green, Tor O.; Johannesen, Tom B.

    2014-11-01

    Purpose: To estimate actual utilization rates of radiation therapy (RT) in Norway, describe time trends (1997-2010), and compare these estimates with corresponding optimal RT rates. Methods and Materials: Data from the population-based Cancer Registry of Norway was used to identify all patients diagnosed with cancer and/or treated by RT for cancer in 1997-2010. Radiation therapy utilization rates (RURs) were calculated as (1) the proportion of incident cancer cases who received RT at least once within 1 year of diagnosis (RUR{sub 1Y}); and (2) the proportion who received RT within 5 years of diagnosis (RUR{sub 5Y}). The number of RT treatment courses per incident cancer case (TCI) was also calculated for all cancer sites combined. The actual RURs were compared with corresponding Australian and Canadian epidemiologic- and evidence-based model estimates and criterion-based benchmark estimates of optimal RURs. The TCIs were compared with TCI estimates from the 1997 Norwegian/National Cancer Plan (NCP). Joinpoint regression was used to identify changes in trends and to estimate annual percentage change (APC) in actual RUR{sub 1Y} and actual TCI. Results: The actual RUR{sub 5Y} (all sites) increased significantly to 29% in 2005 but still differed markedly from the Australian epidemiologic- and evidence-based model estimate of 48%. With the exception of RUR{sub 5Y} for breast cancer and RUR{sub 1Y} for lung cancers, all actual RURs were markedly lower than optimal RUR estimates. The actual TCI increased significantly during the study period, reaching 42.5% in 2010, but was still lower than the 54% recommended in the NCP. The trend for RUR{sub 1Y} (all sites) and TCI changed significantly, with the annual percentage change being largest during the first part of the study period. Conclusions: Utilization rates of RT in Norway increased after the NCP was implemented and RT capacity was increased, but they still seem to be lower than optimal levels.

  5. Test Site Sweden

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

  6. Inauguration Expo Sweden

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le DG H.Schopper inaugure cette exposition, remercie les personnes qui ont contribué à sa réalisation et donne la parole à l'ambassadeur de Suède et aux autres intervenants

  7. How should greenhouse gas emissions be taken into account in the decision making of municipal solid waste management procurements? A case study of the South Karelia region, Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Hupponen, M. Grönman, K.; Horttanainen, M.

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • Environmental criteria for the MSW incineration location procurements are needed. • Focus should be placed on annual energy efficiency and on substitute fuels. • In SRF combustion it is crucial to know the share and the treatment of rejects. • The GWP of transportation is a small part of the total emissions. - Abstract: The ongoing trend in the public sector is to make more sustainable procurements by taking into account the impacts throughout the entire life cycle of the procurement. Despite the trend, the only deciding factor can still be the total costs. This article answers the question of how greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions should be taken into account in municipal solid waste (MSW) management when selecting an incineration plant for source separated mixed MSW. The aim is to guide the decision making of MSW management towards more environmentally friendly procurements. The study was carried out by calculating the global warming potentials (GWPs) and costs of mixed MSW management by using the waste composition from a case area in Finland. Scenarios of landfilling and combustion in three actual waste incineration plants were used to recognise the main processes that affect the results. GWP results show that the combustion of mixed MSW is a better alternative than landfilling the waste. The GHG results from combustion are greatly affected by emissions from the combustion and substituted energy production. The significance of collection and transportation is higher from the costs’ perspective than from the point of view of GHG emissions. The main costs, in addition to collection and transportation costs, result from the energy utilization or landfilling of mixed MSW. When tenders are invited for the incineration location of mixed MSW, the main focus should be: What are the annual electricity and heat recovery efficiencies and which are the substituted fuels in the area? In addition, in the case of a fluidized bed combustor it is crucial to

  8. The effect of economical and technological measures to reduce CO{sub 2} emission from the offshore oil and gas industry in Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Henriksen, B.; Klausen, L.M.; Utseth, A.

    1995-12-31

    As of January 1991 a carbon tax of US$40 per ton of CO{sub 2} was levied on a large part of Norwegian emissions. The purpose of introducing the carbon tax was to encourage operators to limit, by year 2000, the total emissions of CO{sub 2} (both onshore and offshore) to a level not exceeding the 1989 figure of some 35 million ton CO{sub 2}. Today`s tax is US$50 per ton CO{sub 2} However, four years of heavy CO{sub 2} taxation has proved to Norway that national CO{sub 2} emission targets have not been achieved through taxation. CO{sub 2} emissions have, in fact, increased by several percent since 1992. The increase may be in the order of 13% from 1989 to 2000 unless more efficient measures are brought into play The offshore oil and natural gas industry is responsible for approximately 23% of Norwegian CO{sub 2} emissions and for much of the increase experienced from 1989 to date. Consequently there is considerable pressure to reduce the emissions, or rather to curtail the increased emissions. Ministry of the Environment has been concerned about the influence of the carbon tax on emission from the petroleum production on the Norwegian Continental Shelf In 1994 the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate started a project to study this matter. The objective of this project was to analyses the possible short- and long-term effects of higher carbon taxes on the CO{sub 2} emission level, as well as on the production level, in the Norwegian petroleum sector.

  9. Life cycle assessment as an analytical tool in strategic environmental assessment. Lessons learned from a case study on municipal energy planning in Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Bjoerklund, Anna

    2012-01-15

    Life cycle assessment (LCA) is explored as an analytical tool in strategic environmental assessment (SEA), illustrated by case where a previously developed SEA process was applied to municipal energy planning in Sweden. The process integrated decision-making tools for scenario planning, public participation and environmental assessment. This article describes the use of LCA for environmental assessment in this context, with focus on methodology and practical experiences. While LCA provides a systematic framework for the environmental assessment and a wider systems perspective than what is required in SEA, LCA cannot address all aspects of environmental impact required, and therefore needs to be complemented by other tools. The integration of LCA with tools for public participation and scenario planning posed certain methodological challenges, but provided an innovative approach to designing the scope of the environmental assessment and defining and assessing alternatives. - Research highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer LCA was explored as analytical tool in an SEA process of municipal energy planning. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The process also integrated LCA with scenario planning and public participation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Benefits of using LCA were a systematic framework and wider systems perspective. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Integration of tools required some methodological challenges to be solved. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This proved an innovative approach to define alternatives and scope of assessment.

  10. Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components Report from the Program’s Steering Committee: Inspection of Bottom-Mounted Instrumentation Nozzles Round Robin

    SciTech Connect

    Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Doctor, Steven R.; Taylor, Theodore T.

    2009-11-13

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) executed agreements with organizations in Japan, Sweden, South Korea, Finland, and the United States to establish the Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components (PINC).

  11. OSTIblog Articles in the koreascience Topic | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Explore Science from around the World at WorldWideScience.org by Lorrie Johnson 07 Apr, 2008 in Products and Content Science from Finland, Sweden and Korea can now be found at ...

  12. A 700 year sediment record of black carbon and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons near the EMEP air monitoring station in Aspvreten, Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Marie Elmquist; Zdenek Zencak; Oerjan Gustafsson

    2007-10-15

    In view of poor constraints on historical combustion emissions, past environmental loadings of black carbon (BC) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) were reconstructed from dated lake sediment cores collected 70 km south of Stockholm, Sweden. Compared to several dramatic variations over the recent 150 years, the preindustrial loadings were steady within {+-}50% through the entire medieval with BC fluxes of 0.071 g m{sup -2} yr{sup -1} and PAH fluxes of 6 g m{sup -2} yr{sup -1}. In the wood-burning dominated century leading up to the industrial revolution around 1850, increasing BC fluxes were leading PAH fluxes. BC fluxes reached their millennial-scale maximum around 1920, whereas PAH fluxes increased exponentially to its record maximum around 1960, 50-fold above preindustrial values. For 1920-1950, BC fluxes consistently decreased as PAH fluxes kept increasing. Coal and coke represented >50% of the Swedish energy market in the 1930s. Combined with sharply decreasing (1,7-)/(1,7{+-}2,6-dimethylphenanthrene), indicative of diminishing wood combustion, and decreasing methylphenanthrenes/phenanthrene, indicative of higher-temperature combustion (coal instead of wood), the sediment archive suggests that the relative BC/PAH emission factors thus are lower for coal than for wood combustion. For the first time, both BC and PAH fluxes decreased after 1960. This trend break is a testament to the positive effects of decreasing reliance on petroleum fuels and a number of legislative actions aimed at curbing emissions and by 1990, the loading of BC was back at preindustrial levels, whereas that of PAH were the lowest since the 1910s. However, for the most recent period (1990-2004) the BC and PAH fluxes are no longer decreasing. 55 refs., 3 figs.

  13. Strategy making and power in environmental assessments. Lessons from the establishment of an out-of-town shopping centre in Vaesteras, Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Isaksson, Karolina; Storbjoerk, Sofie

    2012-04-15

    This paper seeks to provide deeper insights into how EA ineffectiveness is produced in land use planning practice. This is explored in a study of local development planning in the city of Vaesteras, Sweden. The case in question is the development of a large out-of-town shopping centre, propelled by the establishment of a new IKEA furniture store. The Healey (2007) framework of planning as strategy making is applied as an analytical framework, together with a focus on power-knowledge relations. In the analysis, we identify a range of mechanisms that produced ineffectiveness by limiting the role of environmental knowledge throughout the planning process. The specific mechanisms we identified were related to the overall consensus perspective in local development strategies and plans, a lack of concretisation and integration of various policies and strategies, a range of exclusion mechanisms and an overall focus on mitigation and benefits of the process in question. In practice, these mechanisms were closely intertwined. Our main conclusion is, consequently, that increased effectiveness of EA would require fundamental transformation of the norms, frameworks and routines that implicitly and explicitly guide land use planning in practice. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We analyse how EA-ineffectiveness is produced in land use planning practice. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Several mechanisms produce EA-ineffectiveness throughout the whole planning process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer These mechanisms are often closely intertwined and mutually reinforcing each other. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Enhancing EA-effectiveness requires a fundamental shift of the norms, frameworks and routines shaping planning practice.

  14. Oral administration of drugs with hypersensitivity potential induces germinal center hyperplasia in secondary lymphoid organ/tissue in Brown Norway rats, and this histological lesion is a promising candidate as a predictive biomarker for drug hypersensitivity occurrence in humans

    SciTech Connect

    Tamura, Akitoshi Miyawaki, Izuru; Yamada, Toru; Kimura, Juki; Funabashi, Hitoshi

    2013-08-15

    It is important to evaluate the potential of drug hypersensitivity as well as other adverse effects during the preclinical stage of the drug development process, but validated methods are not available yet. In the present study we examined whether it would be possible to develop a new predictive model of drug hypersensitivity using Brown Norway (BN) rats. As representative drugs with hypersensitivity potential in humans, phenytoin (PHT), carbamazepine (CBZ), amoxicillin (AMX), and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) were orally administered to BN rats for 28 days to investigate their effects on these animals by examinations including observation of clinical signs, hematology, determination of serum IgE levels, histology, and flow cytometric analysis. Skin rashes were not observed in any animals treated with these drugs. Increases in the number of circulating inflammatory cells and serum IgE level did not necessarily occur in the animals treated with these drugs. However, histological examination revealed that germinal center hyperplasia was commonly induced in secondary lymphoid organs/tissues in the animals treated with these drugs. In cytometric analysis, changes in proportions of lymphocyte subsets were noted in the spleen of the animals treated with PHT or CBZ during the early period of administration. The results indicated that the potential of drug hypersensitivity was identified in BN rat by performing histological examination of secondary lymphoid organs/tissues. Data obtained herein suggested that drugs with hypersensitivity potential in humans gained immune reactivity in BN rat, and the germinal center hyperplasia induced by administration of these drugs may serve as a predictive biomarker for drug hypersensitivity occurrence. - Highlights: • We tested Brown Norway rats as a candidate model for predicting drug hypersensitivity. • The allergic drugs did not induce skin rash, whereas D-penicillamine did so in the rats. • Some of allergic drugs increased

  15. Analysis of international efforts in energy research and development

    SciTech Connect

    Rezaiyan, A.J.; Gill, R.T.

    1995-09-01

    Research and experimental development comprise innovative and creative work undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge of science, engineering, and society. This knowledge reserve is used to improve living conditions and standards, including economic growth. Research and development (R&D) expenditures are useful measures of the scale and direction of technological innovation within a country, industry, or scientific field. Administrators concerned with economic growth and performance rely on R&D statistics as one possible type of indicator of technological change. R&D statistics are an essential tool in many government programs and evaluations (OECD 1993). The objective of the analysis was to identify and evaluate R&D funding sources, levels, and trends in the energy sectors of selected industrialized countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States) and the European Union (EU). Fossil fuel technologies, particularly fuel cells and advanced gas turbines, were the focus of the analysis, whose results are presented in this report.

  16. Organotin intake through fish consumption in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Airaksinen, Riikka; Rantakokko, Panu; Turunen, Anu W.; Vartiainen, Terttu; Vuorinen, Pekka J.; Lappalainen, Antti; Vihervuori, Aune; Mannio, Jaakko; Hallikainen, Anja

    2010-08-15

    Background: Organotin compounds (OTCs) are a large class of synthetic chemicals with widely varying properties. Due to their potential adverse health effects, their use has been restricted in many countries. Humans are exposed to OTCs mostly through fish consumption. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe OTC exposure through fish consumption and to assess the associated potential health risks in a Finnish population. Methods: An extensive sampling of Finnish domestic fish was carried out in the Baltic Sea and freshwater areas in 2005-2007. In addition, samples of imported seafood were collected in 2008. The chemical analysis was performed in an accredited testing laboratory during 2005-2008. Average daily intake of the sum of dibutyltin (DBT), tributyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPhT) and dioctyltin (DOT) ({Sigma}OTCs) for the Finnish population was calculated on the basis of the measured concentrations and fish consumption rates. Results: The average daily intake of {Sigma}OTCs through fish consumption was 3.2 ng/kg bw day{sup -1}, which is 1.3% from the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) of 250 ng/kg bw day{sup -1} set by the European Food Safety Authority. In total, domestic wild fish accounted for 61% of the {Sigma}OTC intake, while the intake through domestic farmed fish was 4.0% and the intake through imported fish was 35%. The most important species were domestic perch and imported salmon and rainbow trout. Conclusions: The Finnish consumers are not likely to exceed the threshold level for adverse health effects due to OTC intake through fish consumption.

  17. U.S. LNG Imports from Norway

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    26,014 15,175 6,212 5,627 5,616 12,194 2007-2015 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices 5.21 5.97 2.83 14.85 4.47 8.56

  18. Norway: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Natural Gas Reserves 2,313,000,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 17 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves 6,680,000,000 Barrels (bbl) 21 2010 CIA World Factbook Energy Maps featuring...

  19. U.S. LNG Imports from Norway

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,037 1,037 1,034 1,034 1,034 1,037 2012-2016 (BTU per Cubic Foot)

    Electric Power Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) U.S. Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,025 1,027 1,028 1,028 1,027 1,027 1,025 2010's 1,022 1,021 1,022 1,025 1,029 1,035 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  20. Analysis of Variability and Uncertainty in Wind Power Forecasting: An International Comparison (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, J.; Hodge, B.; Miettinen, J.; Holttinen, H.; Gomez-Lozaro, E.; Cutululis, N.; Litong-Palima, M.; Sorensen, P.; Lovholm, A.; Berge, E.; Dobschinski, J.

    2013-10-01

    This presentation summarizes the work to investigate the uncertainty in wind forecasting at different times of year and compare wind forecast errors in different power systems using large-scale wind power prediction data from six countries: the United States, Finland, Spain, Denmark, Norway, and Germany.

  1. Long-term affected energy production of waste to energy technologies identified by use of energy system analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Muenster, M.; Meibom, P.

    2010-12-15

    Affected energy production is often decisive for the outcome of consequential life-cycle assessments when comparing the potential environmental impact of products or services. Affected energy production is however difficult to determine. In this article the future long-term affected energy production is identified by use of energy system analysis. The focus is on different uses of waste for energy production. The Waste-to-Energy technologies analysed include co-combustion of coal and waste, anaerobic digestion and thermal gasification. The analysis is based on optimization of both investments and production of electricity, district heating and bio-fuel in a future possible energy system in 2025 in the countries of the Northern European electricity market (Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Germany). Scenarios with different CO{sub 2} quota costs are analysed. It is demonstrated that the waste incineration continues to treat the largest amount of waste. Investments in new waste incineration capacity may, however, be superseded by investments in new Waste-to-Energy technologies, particularly those utilising sorted fractions such as organic waste and refuse derived fuel. The changed use of waste proves to always affect a combination of technologies. What is affected varies among the different Waste-to-Energy technologies and is furthermore dependent on the CO{sub 2} quota costs and on the geographical scope. The necessity for investments in flexibility measures varies with the different technologies such as storage of heat and waste as well as expansion of district heating networks. Finally, inflexible technologies such as nuclear power plants are shown to be affected.

  2. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Explore Science from around the World at WorldWideScience.org by Lorrie Johnson on Mon, April 07, 2008 Science from Finland, Sweden and Korea can now be found at WorldWideScience.org, the global gateway to science. This brings the total to 32 sources from 44 countries that can be searched. The new sources include the VTT Publications Register and VTT Research Register (from the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland), the Directory

  3. Global warming: A geothermal evidence from northern Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Bodri, L.

    1996-12-31

    The greatest potential climatic changes induced by an increasing greenhouse effect are expected to occur in the high latitudes. Due to the great natural climatic variability in such areas, it is difficult to detect the greenhouse signal from meteorologic records. A reliable documentation of climate changes requires the examining of all available climatic records. In present study, temperature-depth profiles from two Finnish boreholes from over the Arctic circle have been considered to reconstruct ground surface temperature histories. The holes have been carefully selected to exclude any possible disturbances from underground water circulation, and to minimize the human effects as completely as possible. Both boreholes indicate continuous warming by {approximately}1--1.5 K through the last hundred years. The rate of warming increases from about the 1960`s. The results are in good agreement with those obtained for the Alaskan Arctic in a similar study by Lachenbruch and Marshall.

  4. U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    more than 1,197M each day on crude oil imports* * Cellulosic ethanol displaces light ... catechol Lignin monomers Uncommon peaks Methanol, acetal group Extractives PC1: 66% of ...

  5. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Finland) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    technical and nontechnical barriers that prevent a massive deployment of distributed energy resources (DER) in Europe. In partnership with manufacturers, research organizations,...

  6. International Committee on Traffic Conflict Techniques (ICTCT) calibration study at Malmo: a quantitative analysis of video recordings

    SciTech Connect

    van der Horst, A.R.A.

    1984-12-01

    To investigate a number of Traffic Conflict Techniques, three intersections at Malmo (Sweden) were studied by observer teams of eight countries while simultaneous video recordings were made. This set was analyzed quantitatively from video in order to get an objective description in terms of speed, deceleration, minimum distance, time-to-collision (TTC), and post-encroachment time (PET). The minimum TTC appeared to be the most important variable in explaining a common severity scale, but not the only one. Conflict type contributes substantially to the prediction of severity. Comparisons were made between calculated and estimated measures, like TTC for Sweden and Finland and PET for Canada.

  7. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  8. Superconductivity Conference Held

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Superconductivity Conference Held Z.-X. Shen SSRL sponsored a major international conference on superconductivity early this year. The conference, entitled "Spectroscopies in Novel Superconductors" was held at SSRL from March 15-18, 1995 and generated considerable interest in the scientific community. About 200 scientists from 14 countries attended: United States, Japan, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, France, The Netherlands, Sweden, India, Israel, Argentina, China, Finland and Russia

  9. Summary report of first and foreign high-level waste repository concepts; Technical report, working draft 001

    SciTech Connect

    Hanke, P.M.

    1987-11-04

    Reference repository concepts designs adopted by domestic and foreign waste disposal programs are reviewed. Designs fall into three basic categories: deep borehole from the surface; disposal in boreholes drilled from underground excavations; and disposal in horizontal tunnels or drifts. The repository concepts developed in Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Canada, France, Japan, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Denmark, West Germany and the United States are described. 140 refs., 315 figs., 19 tabs.

  10. Norway eclipses U. K. in North Sea oil flow

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-09-02

    This paper reports that despite new internal rankings, the North Sea has maintained its position as the world's fourth largest oil producing province behind the Middle East, the Soviet Union, and the U.S. Average production remains 3.7-4 million b/d. During 1991, however, sources of production within the total have shifted significantly. Britain no longer tops the North Sea production table. Early this year, major offshore shutdowns required for installation of mandatory safety equipment slashed production. At the same time, Norwegian output remained just below 1.95 million b/d, exceeding flow from neighboring U.K. waters for the first time since the mid- 1970s.

  11. IEA Agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 1996 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Elam, Carolyn C. )

    1997-01-31

    The annual report includes an overview of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement, including a brief summary of hydrogen in general. The Chairman's report provides highlights for the year. Sections are included on hydrogen energy activities in the IEA Hydrogen Agreement member countries, including Canada, European Commission, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the US. Lastly, Annex reports are given for the following tasks: Task 10, Photoproduction of Hydrogen, Task 11, Integrated Systems, and Task 12, Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage.

  12. Sweden Building 05K0101 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    for the period MWhyear Electricity, total 424.0 District heating 374.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0048 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the period MWhyear Electricity, total 2455.0 District heating 0.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0049 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 127.8 District heating 80.17 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0092 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 128.92 District heating 156.6 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0019 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 898.6 District heating 1326.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0016 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 83.191 District heating 268.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0047 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 883.4 District heating 264.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0118 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 1130.96 District heating 1384.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0010 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the period MWhyear Electricity, total 66.52 District heating 61.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0113 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 221.2 District heating 438.5 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0086 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 453.5 District heating 332.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0057 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the period MWhyear Electricity, total 65.0 District heating 78.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  4. Sweden Building 05K0096 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the period MWhyear Electricity, total 34.0 District heating 80.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0014 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 227.66 District heating 154.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0084 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 77.61 District heating 130.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  7. Sweden Building 05K0104 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 127.5 District heating 385.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  8. Sweden Building 05K0107 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 965.1 District heating 487.4 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  9. Sweden Building 05K0120 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 2078.0 District heating 788.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0046 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 392.83 District heating 467.882 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0085 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 141.0 District heating 138.2 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0094 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 1900.0 District heating 876.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0053 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 541.0 District heating 547.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0042 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    MWhyear Electricity, total 652.083692308 District heating 370.723 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0117 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 160.0 District heating 221.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0105 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 672.0 District heating 809.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0023 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 568.5 District heating 1166.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0114 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 322.6 District heating 1107.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0018 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 709.8 District heating 959.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0122 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 112.6 District heating 305.1 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0067 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the period MWhyear Electricity, total 1195.8 District heating 0.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0068 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 413.381 District heating 95.5 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0082 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    period MWhyear Electricity, total 415.0 District heating 230.0 Oil-fired boiler 0.0 Natural gas 0.0 Town gas 0.0 Digester landfill gas 0.0 Pellets 0.0 Wood chips 0.0 Logs...

  4. Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    from the LEDS Global Partnership. When to Use This Tool While building a low emission strategy for your country's transportation system, this tool is most useful during these...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0005 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    5 Jump to: navigation, search Start Page General Information Year of construction 1940 Category Office Boundaries One building Ownership Category Private company Total floor area...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0075 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    5 Jump to: navigation, search Start Page General Information Year of construction 1996 Category Office Boundaries One building Ownership Category Private company Total floor area...

  7. STIL2 Swedish Office Buildings Survey - Offices_Sweden_-20100409...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Last updated December 1, 2010 Created July 29, 2014 Format applicationvnd.ms-excel License License Not Specified can be previewed 1 created over 1 year ago format XLS id...

  8. MHK Projects/Uppsala University Seabased AB Lysekil Sweden |...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Project Phase Phase 3 Project Details The project goal is to have a park of 10 wave energy converters connected to the electric grid by 2010. The first wave energy converter was...

  9. Plutonium Removal from Sweden: Fact Sheet | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    This Site Budget IG Web Policy Privacy No Fear Act Accessibility FOIA Sitemap Federal Government The White House DOE.gov USA.gov Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0043 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 13.6557435484 Fans 17.832016129 Lighting 45.1762705544 PCs 12.0989247312 Large computers servers 10.8793548387 Printers 0.940860215054 Copiers 1.90860215054 Air...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0089 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 6.62753182771 Fans 12.8296318308 Lighting 9.34771184585 PCs 5.55471478463 Large computers servers 20.4132712456 Printers 1.26600698487 Copiers 0.34924330617 Air compressors...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0083 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2.03280729738 Fans 8.95852856146 Lighting 22.4662526169 PCs 0.753035589672 Large computers servers 6.10607117934 Printers 0.0 Copiers 1.74459176553 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0063 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 10.6001655172 Fans 56.94 Lighting 29.3124045268 PCs 7.40516473731 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.44701691897 Copiers 2.64915405165 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0032 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.44288442623 Fans 21.075117096 Lighting 23.0819672131 PCs 18.4077868852 Large computers servers 0.545081967213 Printers 3.60655737705 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0081 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 5.61059253247 Fans 15.3000347866 Lighting 21.1669461078 PCs 16.5389552239 Large computers servers 1.01791044776 Printers 2.4776119403 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0037 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.07852838566 Fans 19.6114811291 Lighting 32.768 PCs 13.8454097784 Large computers servers 42.2089342244 Printers 2.46218782976 Copiers 4.48469926134 Air compressors...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0088 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 8.15750798512 Fans 10.4171224386 Lighting 25.3628869565 PCs 16.1602318841 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 3.01620869565 Copiers 1.2347826087 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0099 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.03839788534 Fans 10.3091635338 Lighting 15.8542631579 PCs 5.40263157895 Large computers servers 21.7368421053 Printers 1.03684210526 Copiers 1.57894736842 Air compressors...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0012 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.32673206926 Fans 8.60719192175 Lighting 12.985779547 PCs 2.19353608542 Large computers servers 0.774049003718 Printers 1.11545428544 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0090 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 33.0079891149 Fans 19.384931277 Lighting 34.9136291095 PCs 829.756338007 Large computers servers 1.30450015281 Printers 1.21132157047 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0066 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.84271836287 Fans 20.8528500862 Lighting 6.58573234487 PCs 2.44099890231 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.439077936334 Copiers 2.52469813392 Air compressors 0.0...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0013 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.63132906976 Fans 16.7539365907 Lighting 21.6361810339 PCs 8.43270214944 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.549891248721 Copiers 1.24104401228 Air compressors 0.0...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0003 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.38991548528 Fans 20.3514016294 Lighting 25.3519773429 PCs 4.12075688073 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.412844036697 Copiers 0.447247706422 Air compressors 0.0...

  4. Sweden Building 05K0108 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.23191852203 Fans 10.078297354 Lighting 13.4490004737 PCs 7.14116532449 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 2.13699668404 Copiers 1.49218379915 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0051 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.96531566894 Fans 17.9698161112 Lighting 13.8988970588 PCs 1.75469981807 Large computers servers 6.06428138266 Printers 1.08399029715 Copiers 5.65494238933 Air compressors...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0028 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 5.01662584416 Fans 12.3265714286 Lighting 18.6392727273 PCs 5.58 Large computers servers 18.1818181818 Printers 0.409090909091 Copiers 1.04545454545 Air...

  7. Sweden Building 05K0030 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.62274306839 Fans 38.8613678373 Lighting 19.3737155556 PCs 3.4101458205 Large computers servers 3.52630930376 Printers 0.796056685151 Copiers 1.97165742452 Air...

  8. Sweden Building 05K0061 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 11.655988024 Fans 30.1702630453 Lighting 14.1947125749 PCs 3.16167664671 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.112275449102 Copiers 1.38473053892 Air compressors 0.0...

  9. Sweden Building 05K0064 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.90728584264 Fans 7.13977666538 Lighting 12.6468261456 PCs 5.58580413297 Large computers servers 5.03144654088 Printers 0.296495956873 Copiers 1.57232704403 Air...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0015 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    0.904258064516 Fans 5.67987096774 Lighting 31.4462462687 PCs 3.17935483871 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.0967741935484 Copiers 0.41935483871 Air compressors 0.0...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0111 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.18765247156 Fans 9.16913319239 Lighting 13.9715574348 PCs 4.28414376321 Large computers servers 2.46652572234 Printers 1.5503875969 Copiers 3.38266384778 Air compressors...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0025 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 4.00124358974 Fans 16.8461538462 Lighting 43.0891025641 PCs 5.49633635729 Large computers servers 4.50104675506 Printers 0.33147243545 Copiers 1.55268667132 Air compressors...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0080 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 5.20530200645 Fans 17.4788885093 Lighting 28.8864184072 PCs 7.38107211455 Large computers servers 0.257726558408 Printers 0.907979745067 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0071 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.71343087626 Fans 14.2937494714 Lighting 17.730017762 PCs 2.51790830946 Large computers servers 20.7020057307 Printers 0.716332378223 Copiers 3.04441260745 Air...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0040 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.45556346525 Fans 19.0811993243 Lighting 18.139570644 PCs 12.8363047002 Large computers servers 3.56564019449 Printers 4.70016207455 Copiers 2.45813074014 Air compressors...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0070 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.64826425856 Fans 15.5015956002 Lighting 22.6711026616 PCs 5.55941064639 Large computers servers 1.23574144487 Printers 0.190114068441 Copiers 0.617870722433 Air...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0091 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 6.81253202765 Fans 8.97586021505 Lighting 37.699333405 PCs 13.23853125 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.90575 Copiers 2.50625 Air compressors 0.0 Small kitchens ...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0115 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.18185032045 Fans 9.89733305768 Lighting 16.3132786627 PCs 5.41515918958 Large computers servers 37.988422576 Printers 0.480463096961 Copiers 0.575253256151 Air...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0039 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.74982817869 Fans 8.00097201767 Lighting 12.5792387543 PCs 2.37164948454 Large computers servers 35.7388316151 Printers 0.432817869416 Copiers 2.45704467354 Air...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0060 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.03997267137 Fans 27.9269471647 Lighting 22.9778517422 PCs 6.09805301431 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.436312456017 Copiers 0.932441942294 Air compressors 0.0...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0098 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.22920729694 Fans 9.0858325996 Lighting 13.6683458294 PCs 2.28415300546 Large computers servers 10.9289617486 Printers 0.0398451730419 Copiers 0.739981785064 Air...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0069 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 4.41176254521 Fans 9.5911505425 Lighting 38.6550632911 PCs 5.67840189873 Large computers servers 0.395569620253 Printers 1.58227848101 Copiers 3.40189873418 Air...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0077 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.40013311148 Fans 13.1688043737 Lighting 15.2308652246 PCs 3.29894620078 Large computers servers 2.21852468109 Printers 0.406877426511 Copiers 1.80255130338 Air...

  4. Sweden Building 05K0054 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.48402198172 Fans 18.8416546417 Lighting 20.5491262626 PCs 9.23905723906 Large computers servers 56.3973063973 Printers 0.653198653199 Copiers 2.23063973064 Air...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0050 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 6.93523068574 Fans 16.4926207327 Lighting 24.6051980198 PCs 10.8290816327 Large computers servers 19.8412698413 Printers 2.55102040816 Copiers 2.55102040816 Air compressors...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0002 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 6.03888185355 Fans 18.5995610535 Lighting 51.2740526316 PCs 22.2888135593 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.42372881356 Copiers 0.85593220339 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  7. Sweden Building 05K0011 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.47492819795 Fans 6.90408963585 Lighting 12.9336787565 PCs 2.70028409091 Large computers servers 0.471022727273 Printers 0.774147727273 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  8. Sweden Building 05K0034 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 4.56351293996 Fans 18.3803571429 Lighting 27.7675677908 PCs 11.3985507246 Large computers servers 27.7717391304 Printers 1.06884057971 Copiers 1.3768115942 Air compressors...

  9. Sweden Building 05K0110 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.69458748867 Fans 19.2149721539 Lighting 19.4485561972 PCs 10.8710335449 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.73708068903 Copiers 4.19310970082 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0026 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    0.00307922272048 Fans 0.785650224215 Lighting 15.3000510733 PCs 6.62649476831 Large computers servers 12.5919282511 Printers 0.610612855007 Copiers 2.27952167414 Air...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0017 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 4.15013278976 Fans 14.2549696765 Lighting 17.1625971143 PCs 24.4079778393 Large computers servers 0.397396121884 Printers 0.673130193906 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0106 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.74720935961 Fans 16.4639573071 Lighting 28.0321384425 PCs 3.75 Large computers servers 0.463535228677 Printers 0.939431396786 Copiers 0.865265760198 Air...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0004 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 4.33303636174 Fans 8.08671679198 Lighting 14.5539566929 PCs 22.9175048733 Large computers servers 3.90838206628 Printers 0.980506822612 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0033 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 4.58929158641 Fans 20.6016582891 Lighting 43.0102707006 PCs 8.39197632358 Large computers servers 16.9957250904 Printers 1.40414337389 Copiers 2.64715554094 Air compressors...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0109 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 15.465507885 Fans 17.0920222635 Lighting 25.9249096338 PCs 6.74029126214 Large computers servers 83.9805825243 Printers 1.30582524272 Copiers 1.6140776699 Air compressors...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0103 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.39820853677 Fans 18.0824682326 Lighting 17.4953807391 PCs 4.79116022099 Large computers servers 12.5436464088 Printers 0.939226519337 Copiers 1.00552486188 Air...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0100 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 4.93723752273 Fans 12.6897353001 Lighting 16.3956718529 PCs 4.98373408769 Large computers servers 24.7807637907 Printers 1.23790664781 Copiers 1.6973125884 Air compressors...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0020 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 8.4307193046 Fans 43.1495834842 Lighting 17.1876638899 PCs 6.32492581602 Large computers servers 1.18694362018 Printers 0.944467994913 Copiers 1.92878338279 Air...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0079 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.49553835327 Fans 47.6734693878 Lighting 18.2296504809 PCs 7.55148956134 Large computers servers 12.9017124091 Printers 0.489795918367 Copiers 2.43959652827 Air...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0116 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.77644647831 Fans 6.21066454437 Lighting 17.2527027027 PCs 1.99512534819 Large computers servers 5.8495821727 Printers 0.69426183844 Copiers 0.877437325905 Air compressors...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0009 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.08636405861 Fans 12.8398873749 Lighting 19.44639866 PCs 8.50154616404 Large computers servers 0.556088941246 Printers 0.765719334413 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0074 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 18.2046738442 Fans 11.4192526916 Lighting 7.88998957247 PCs 3.76187460418 Large computers servers 9.68967701077 Printers 0.126662444585 Copiers 1.23495883471 Air...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0078 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 0.0 Fans 9.77060382916 Lighting 20.64832 PCs 3.8215257732 Large computers servers 12.6432989691 Printers 0.221690721649 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors 0.0...

  4. Sweden Building 05K0102 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.66752151789 Fans 6.11865966546 Lighting 13.8817120623 PCs 3.85904044409 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.591593973037 Copiers 0.753370340999 Air compressors 0.0...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0073 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 22.5943090538 Fans 15.6432947583 Lighting 12.917101147 PCs 6.6814159292 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.03301565691 Copiers 2.68890401634 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0035 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 5.74638957468 Fans 24.2121626361 Lighting 20.1286013564 PCs 5.72811396566 Large computers servers 21.4294411299 Printers 1.40021916474 Copiers 1.82637282357 Air compressors...

  7. Sweden Building 05K0031 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.41702182053 Fans 17.9903385632 Lighting 22.3347276342 PCs 7.25536463695 Large computers servers 17.4202232956 Printers 1.49576371843 Copiers 1.12043708924 Air compressors...

  8. Sweden Building 05K0087 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.10421539539 Fans 35.1439221294 Lighting 40.6627305825 PCs 16.3874545139 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.78149367527 Copiers 1.05700918385 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  9. Sweden Building 05K0056 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.26955758093 Fans 19.7547229418 Lighting 22.5300668799 PCs 5.81158779301 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.207872622733 Copiers 0.94353530886 Air compressors 0.0...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0119 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 5.76333646055 Fans 35.779306592 Lighting 27.4242959918 PCs 3.22217039801 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.30858208955 Copiers 2.76741293532 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0008 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.32543498168 Fans 9.28527472527 Lighting 15.7053876478 PCs 4.66333333333 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.0 Copiers 0.9 Air compressors 0.0 Small kitchens coffee...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0121 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.58728571429 Fans 9.8574829932 Lighting 20.7800475059 PCs 6.04166666667 Large computers servers 21.4285714286 Printers 2.80342857143 Copiers 4.04761904762 Air compressors...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0095 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    0.0 Pumps 6.36363636364 Fans 13.8257575758 Lighting 33.7833333333 PCs 9.6 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.69090909091 Copiers 2.95454545455 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0093 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.72005400564 Fans 11.1246557671 Lighting 13.4706806283 PCs 8.67063435899 Large computers servers 14.4365499476 Printers 0.527358677499 Copiers 0.404789537747 Air...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0024 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    0.0 Pumps 7.65624 Fans 15.177047619 Lighting 17.0866666667 PCs 19.8373333333 Large computers servers 3.33333333333 Printers 2.16666666667 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0097 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 20.4080645161 Fans 14.3525345622 Lighting 29.7766129032 PCs 5.32258064516 Large computers servers 41.3709677419 Printers 0.607096774194 Copiers 2.17741935484 Air...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0036 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 0.25266214908 Fans 14.2724035403 Lighting 33.9042253521 PCs 2.70435624395 Large computers servers 0.580832526621 Printers 0.952100677638 Copiers 5.13068731849 Air...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0044 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 3.03758154663 Fans 29.2053648476 Lighting 30.8744894997 PCs 4.62831813576 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.497467071935 Copiers 1.87436676798 Air compressors 0.0...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0062 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 8.17980140288 Fans 33.7522228809 Lighting 28.8652780488 PCs 8.39024390244 Large computers servers 28.487804878 Printers 1.65853658537 Copiers 2.9756097561 Air compressors...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0112 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.71160411287 Fans 15.0235284818 Lighting 27.2275862069 PCs 5.91119513095 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.715971966064 Copiers 1.48469199557 Air compressors 0.0...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0059 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    used for cooling 0.0 Pumps 0.0 Fans 18.98 Lighting 18.421875 PCs 7.78501872659 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.93137078652 Copiers 5.61797752809 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0052 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 8.42950780312 Fans 45.9566986795 Lighting 31.1885714286 PCs 20.5353535354 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 6.57575757576 Copiers 7.77777777778 Air compressors...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0006 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 7.77750996655 Fans 10.358795651 Lighting 11.7758321884 PCs 15.790619252 Large computers servers 1.18332311465 Printers 1.27988963826 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  4. Sweden Building 05K0065 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 10.0849476092 Fans 24.2333456316 Lighting 28.4191834304 PCs 6.41071428571 Large computers servers 18.7714285714 Printers 0.824142857143 Copiers 0.960714285714 Air...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0123 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.72333301399 Fans 21.7952946651 Lighting 57.1930369803 PCs 5.81490621915 Large computers servers 9.72852912142 Printers 0.602171767029 Copiers 0.888450148075 Air...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0045 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.5098099577 Fans 8.55190367719 Lighting 20.5245512528 PCs 2.58314350797 Large computers servers 1.39681093394 Printers 0.915170842825 Copiers 0.592255125285 Air...

  7. Sweden Building 05K0029 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.6977862717 Fans 13.9245261984 Lighting 14.9321389794 PCs 2.53065774805 Large computers servers 0.306577480491 Printers 0.869565217391 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  8. Sweden Building 05K0022 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.28006123739 Fans 20.5123823529 Lighting 25.1803894588 PCs 4.07026470588 Large computers servers 4.63764705882 Printers 0.304458823529 Copiers 1.46764705882 Air...

  9. Sweden Building 05K0072 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 5.25384464286 Fans 22.9341666667 Lighting 35.104673408 PCs 7.58458595245 Large computers servers 13.1489477999 Printers 0.785733807051 Copiers 2.37769882482 Air...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0076 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    0.415166666667 Fans 26.9508108108 Lighting 23.0094594595 PCs 8.66306306306 Large computers servers 3.37837837838 Printers 0.857657657658 Copiers 1.12612612613 Air...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0007 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.66724551261 Fans 8.3953561818 Lighting 16.0796522459 PCs 5.8172794947 Large computers servers 11.4098804421 Printers 1.12158808933 Copiers 0.897811865554 Air...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0027 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    0.985448560167 Fans 11.0317374517 Lighting 53.2763256887 PCs 10.5045045045 Large computers servers 17.7567567568 Printers 6.53153153153 Copiers 2.97297297297 Air compressors...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0021 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.01549229692 Fans 25.5345938375 Lighting 26.5036109804 PCs 8.6421686747 Large computers servers 30.7338795181 Printers 1.88674698795 Copiers 3.32530120482 Air compressors...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0058 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 14.1813322476 Fans 39.9029071661 Lighting 41.1727792494 PCs 3.13488372093 Large computers servers 44.9815813953 Printers 0.748837209302 Copiers 1.07906976744 Air...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0001 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 6.37190900733 Fans 5.21311928139 Lighting 13.6004313481 PCs 26.0998626444 Large computers servers 2.88701226026 Printers 0.928422444931 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0041 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 1.15208272877 Fans 13.3674808591 Lighting 12.4771102471 PCs 3.51637808532 Large computers servers 9.96766147604 Printers 0.2812326654 Copiers 1.15079113658 Air compressors...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0038 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 2.14823529412 Fans 29.9618889809 Lighting 32.7220779221 PCs 3.53514938489 Large computers servers 1.8453427065 Printers 2.2144112478 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0055 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pumps 4.90151717184 Fans 20.3374503749 Lighting 15.5107629884 PCs 5.95191883547 Large computers servers 29.642699603 Printers 0.494044993383 Copiers 1.13365681517 Air compressors...

  19. OSTIblog Articles in the koreascience Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information koreascience Topic Explore Science from around the World at WorldWideScience.org by Lorrie Johnson 07 Apr, 2008 in Products and Content Science from Finland, Sweden and Korea can now be found at WorldWideScience.org, the global gateway to science. This brings the total to 32 sources from 44 countries that can be searched. The new sources include the VTT Publications Register and VTT Research Register (from the VTT Technical Research Centre of

  20. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on the implementation of ALARA at nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect

    Khan, T.A.; Roecklein, A.K.

    1995-03-01

    This report contains the papers presented and the discussions that took place at the Third International Workshop on ALARA Implementation at Nuclear Power Plants, held in Hauppauge, Long Island, New York from May 8--11, 1994. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together scientists, engineers, health physicists, regulators, managers and other persons who are involved with occupational dose control and ALARA issues. The countries represented were: Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. The workshop was organized into twelve sessions and three panel discussions. Individual papers have been cataloged separately.

  1. IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Elam, Carolyn C.

    2001-12-01

    The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

  2. Current Status of the Nuclear Waste Management Programme in Finland - 13441

    SciTech Connect

    Lehto, Kimmo; Vuorio, Petteri

    2013-07-01

    Pursuant to the Decision-in-Principle of 2001 the Finnish programme for geologic disposal of spent fuel has now moved to the phase of applying for construction licence to build up the encapsulation plant and underground repository. The main objective of former programme phase, underground characterisation phase, was to confirm - or refute - the suitability of the Olkiluoto site by investigations conducted underground at the actual depth of the repository. The construction work of the access tunnel to the rock characterisation facility (ONKALO) started in the late summer of 2004. The site research and investigations work aimed at the maturity needed for submission of the application for construction license of the actual repository in end of 2012. This requires, however, that also the technology has reached the maturity needed. The design and technical plans form the necessary platform for the development of the safety case for spent fuel disposal. A plan, 'road map', has been produced for the portfolio of reports that demonstrates the safety of disposal as required by the criteria set by the government and further detailed by the safety authority, STUK. (authors)

  3. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Million Cubic...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 14,882 29,327 2010's 26,014 15,175 6,212 5,627 5,616 12,194

  4. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 2,973 2,944 0 3,034 0 0 2,863 0 0 0 3,067 2009 2,965 6,000 2,894 5,880 2,911 2,906 5,771 0 0 0 0 0 2010 5,820 5,888 5,765 2,813 0 0 0 0 0 5,728 0 0 2011 2,909 5,810 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,900 0 3,556 2012 0 3,286 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,927 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,709 2,918 0 0 0 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,621 0 2,995 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5,992 3,097 3,105 2016 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

  5. DOE Study Monitors Carbon Dioxide Storage in Norway's Offshore Sleipner Gas Field

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In a newly awarded project, researchers funded by the U.S. Department of Energy are partnering with European scientists to track injected carbon dioxide in the world's first and longest running carbon storage operation located at the Sleipner gas field in the North Sea.

  6. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2008 -- 8.64 9.64 -- 12.18 -- -- 9.95 -- -- -- 7.44 2009 6.63 4.84 4.38 3.92 3.59 3.82 4.27 -- -- -- -- -- 2010 6.27 5.69 5.21 4.15 -- -- -- -- -- 4.15 -- -- 2011 4.56 4.67 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.06 -- 10.81 2012 -- 2.33 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 3.40 2013 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 14.85 14.85 -- -- -- 2014 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.30 -- 4.62 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

  7. U.S.-Norway Conference Focuses on Advancing Carbon Capture and...

    Energy Saver

    meeting focused on carbon capture and storage (CCS) - the process of capturing and ... part of the president's plan to address climate change and secure America's energy future. ...

  8. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Dollars...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 9.56 4.45 2010's 5.21 5.97 2.83 14.85 4.47...

  9. Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Norway ...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 9.56 4.45 2010's 5.21 4.49 -- -- 4.47...

  10. Environmental Microbiology team capability relevant to Arctic climate change studies - Dogliani Norway visit

    SciTech Connect

    Kuske, Cheryl R.

    2012-08-31

    The goal is for ecosystem measurements combined with modeled changes in landscape dynamics, to estimate impacts of warming, subsequent ecosystem responses and feedbacks on atmospheric carbon.

  11. Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Norway ...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.56 4.67 4.06 2014 4.30 4.62 2015 2.13 2.31

  12. The impact of CO{sub 2} taxation on oil and gas production in Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Celius, H.K.; Ingeberg, K.

    1996-12-31

    This paper analyses the effect of the CO{sub 2} tax which was imposed on the burning of gas in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea, effective in 1991. The introduction of the tax resulted in a number of technical improvements aimed at the reduction of flaring, and increased energy efficiency of the power generation and total production process. An economic analysis was done to establish the following: (1) How did the tax affect the profitability of the technical measures which were implemented did the tax make it profitable, or would it have been profitable without the tax; (2) can we expect improvements to continue in the coming years; and (3) what will be the impact on the development of new fields, on field abandonment and on measures to improve oil recovery how much more oil will be left in the reservoir because of the tax. The first task was analyzed by an empirical approach, the latter based on models. The reduction in CO{sub 2} discharge during 1990-1993 was in the order of 8%, the main contribution came from reduction in flaring. This rate of improvement is not expected to continue, since most processes have been brought up to {open_quotes}state-of-the-art{close_quotes} by during these initial years. However, continuous energy optimization is still expected to give some improvements The majority of the technical measures taken to reduce the CO{sub 2} discharge proved to be profitable without the tax, and no unprofitable measures were implemented. The effect of earlier abandonment of fields is smaller than expected, advancing the abandonment by a few weeks for a typical North Sea field. The same seems to be the case for development of new fields. The additional reserves needed to compensate for the tax is in the order of 3 - 4% for a medium GOR oil field, above 5% for a larger gas field.

  13. Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Norway (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 10.81 2.83 -- -- --

  14. Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Norway (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 10.81 2012 2.33 3.40

  15. Freeport, TX LNG Imports (Price) from Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's -- 14.85 --

  16. Freeport, TX LNG Imports (Price) from Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 14.85 14.85 2015

  17. Fission track analysis, rift shoulder uplift, and tectonic modeling of the Norwegian Continental Margin

    SciTech Connect

    Andriessen, P.; Van Der Beek, P.; Cloetingh, S.; Rohrman, M. )

    1993-09-01

    Apatite fission track analysis from southern Norway and Sweden, across the Permian Carboniferous Oslo rift, are presented and discussed in relation to different rifting scenarios. Vertical and horizontal apatite fission tack profiles in middle and southern Norway unravel the post-Carboniferous history of the Fennoscandian shield. Fission track apatite ages range from 240 Ma in the south to 160 Ma in the north, and according to spontaneous fission track length measurements, they must be interpreted as mixed ages, indicating minor amounts of Paleozoic-Mesozoic sedimentary cover. Apatite fission track length and age modeling suggest rapid cooling and uplift in the Tertiary for the southernmost part of Norway, suggesting a differential uplift of the basement. the obtained data are important for the reconstruction of burial and thermal histories of Cenozoic sedimentary basins of the Norwegian continental margin in the northern North Sea, where diverse rifting events, intraplate stress regimes, and inversion tectonics are involved. Fission track analysis puts constraints on tectonic modeling of uplift of rift flanks and the Norwegian continental margin and yields information for these assessment of hydrocarbon potentials of the sedimentary basins.

  18. Spent Fuel NDA Research Path for the Sweden Encapsulation-Repository

    SciTech Connect

    Tobin, Stephen J.; Trellue, Holly R.; Liljenfeldt, Henrik

    2015-01-22

    This set of slides provides a description of research performed to date on spent fuel NDA: Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Spent Fuel Project, and NDA analysis and research planned for CLINK. The general purpose is strengthening the technical toolkit of safeguard inspectors. Data mining is being applied to determine the optimal mathematical structure to match the complexity of spent fuel NDA signals and to enable a range of quantities to be estimated.

  19. Low level benzene exposure in Sweden: effect on blood elements and body burden of benzene

    SciTech Connect

    Berlin, M.

    1985-01-01

    Measurements for benzene exposure were performed for different work places. In addition, breath benzene concentrations were measured in different occupations in order to establish toxico-kinetics of benzene in man; chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes of exposed workers were also examined. Smoking appears to result in a large increase in benzene concentration in exhaled breath. The smoke from one cigarette contains 60-80 micrograms of benzene. It was found that exposure levels of 10 ppm are rather uncommon among workers handling gasoline or gasoline equipment. It was concluded that the gasoline load of road tankers cannot be responsible for chromosome changes of the driver, as milk truck drivers showed the same changes. These results did not prove that benzene was the cause of the observed changes. Smoking is the confounding factor, with a potency of at least the same order of magnitude as benzene. In addition, our present knowledge about mechanisms of benzene is not sufficiently developed to permit quantitative conclusions as to the human health risks.

  20. Cold box shuttle - a system for the recovery of offshore gas - applied to Sweden

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, D.; Eriksson, L.; Pehrsson, L.O.; Strom-Olsen, H.

    1982-01-01

    The recovery of offshore gas as LNG, by heat exchange on an LNG carrier with liquid nitrogen, was studied in the context of a North Sea gas source and a Swedish market. The technical suitability of each component of this cold-box shuttle system was examined and the capital and operating costs were estimated. It was concluded that the system is technically robust and flexible and that, for the case studied, gas could be landed at a competitive cost.

  1. A J

    Energy Saver

    ... Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, ... Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, ...

  2. Occupational hygiene in terms of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and bioaerosols at two solid waste management plants in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Lehtinen, Jenni; Tolvanen, Outi; Nivukoski, Ulla; Veijanen, Anja; Hnninen, Kari

    2013-04-15

    Highlights: ? Odorous VOCs: acetic acid, 2,3-butanedione, ethyl acetate, alpha-pinene and limonene. ? VOC concentrations did not exceed occupational exposure limit concentrations. ? 2,3-Butanedione as the health effecting compound is discussed. ? Endotoxin concentrations may cause health problems in waste treatment. - Abstract: Factors affecting occupational hygiene were measured at the solid waste transferring plant at Hyvink and at the optic separation plant in Hmeenlinna. Measurements consisted of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and bioaerosols including microbes, dust and endotoxins. The most abundant compounds in both of the plants were aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, esters of carboxylic acids, ketones and terpenes. In terms of odour generation, the most important emissions were acetic acid, 2,3-butanedione, ethyl acetate, alpha-pinene and limonene due to their low threshold odour concentrations. At the optic waste separation plant, limonene occurred at the highest concentration of all single compounds of identified VOCs. The concentration of any single volatile organic compound did not exceed the occupational exposure limit (OEL) concentration. However, 2,3-butanedione as a health risk compound is discussed based on recent scientific findings linking it to lung disease. Microbe and dust concentrations were low at the waste transferring plant. Only endotoxin concentrations may cause health problems; the average concentration inside the plant was 425 EU/m{sup 3} which clearly exceeded the threshold value of 90 EU/m{sup 3}. In the wheel loader cabin the endotoxin concentrations were below 1 EU/m{sup 3}. High microbial and endotoxin concentrations were measured in the processing hall at the optic waste separation plant. The average concentration of endotoxins was found to be 10,980 EU/m{sup 3}, a concentration which may cause health risks. Concentrations of viable fungi were quite high in few measurements in the control room. The most problematic factor was endotoxins whose average measured concentrations was 4853 EU/m{sup 3}.

  3. International project -- RBMK safety review

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, S.F.; Gabaraev, B.A.

    1996-07-01

    A major international RBMK safety review project managed by AEA Technology and funded by the CEC TACIS Programme, and the governments of Canada, Sweden and Finland is assessing the safety of RBMK Reactors as operated in Russia, Lithuania and Ukraine. RBMK reactors have been the subject of numerous safety studies by other Eastern and Western European organizations and Canada. Their objectives were, by necessity, not consistent (for example, identifying the deficiencies, reviewing and assessing the safety, checking the existing safety reports, establishing western style safety justifications). However, they share a common technical content in many areas. As a result a considerable number of Safety Recommendations have already been published. The current problem is to categorize and evaluate these recommendations.

  4. Low-level radioactive waste disposal technologies used outside the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Templeton, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.; Molton, P.M.; Leigh, I.W.

    1994-01-01

    Low-level radioactive waste (LLW) disposal technologies are an integral part of the waste management process. In the United States, commercial LLW disposal is the responsibility of the State or groups of States (compact regions). The United States defines LLW as all radioactive waste that is not classified as spent nuclear fuel, high- level radioactive waste, transuranic waste, or by-product material as defined in Section II(e)(2) of the Atomic Energy Act. LLW may contain some long-lived components in very low concentrations. Countries outside the United States, however, may define LLW differently and may use different disposal technologies. This paper outlines the LLW disposal technologies that are planned or being used in Canada, China, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom (UK).

  5. Granite disposal of U.S. high-level radioactive waste.

    SciTech Connect

    Freeze, Geoffrey A.; Mariner, Paul E.; Lee, Joon H.; Hardin, Ernest L.; Goldstein, Barry; Hansen, Francis D.; Price, Ronald H.; Lord, Anna Snider

    2011-08-01

    This report evaluates the feasibility of disposing U.S. high-level radioactive waste in granite several hundred meters below the surface of the earth. The U.S. has many granite formations with positive attributes for permanent disposal. Similar crystalline formations have been extensively studied by international programs, two of which, in Sweden and Finland, are the host rocks of submitted or imminent repository license applications. This report is enabled by the advanced work of the international community to establish functional and operational requirements for disposal of a range of waste forms in granite media. In this report we develop scoping performance analyses, based on the applicable features, events, and processes (FEPs) identified by international investigators, to support generic conclusions regarding post-closure safety. Unlike the safety analyses for disposal in salt, shale/clay, or deep boreholes, the safety analysis for a mined granite repository depends largely on waste package preservation. In crystalline rock, waste packages are preserved by the high mechanical stability of the excavations, the diffusive barrier of the buffer, and favorable chemical conditions. The buffer is preserved by low groundwater fluxes, favorable chemical conditions, backfill, and the rigid confines of the host rock. An added advantage of a mined granite repository is that waste packages would be fairly easy to retrieve, should retrievability be an important objective. The results of the safety analyses performed in this study are consistent with the results of comprehensive safety assessments performed for sites in Sweden, Finland, and Canada. They indicate that a granite repository would satisfy established safety criteria and suggest that a small number of FEPs would largely control the release and transport of radionuclides. In the event the U.S. decides to pursue a potential repository in granite, a detailed evaluation of these FEPs would be needed to inform site

  6. Property:Building/County | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    "BuildingCounty" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + Stockholm County, Sweden + Sweden Building 05K0002 + Stockholm...

  7. International energy outlook. Volume 2. Europe (including USSR)

    SciTech Connect

    Jablonski, D.M.

    1982-01-01

    Europe, like the rest of the globe, still is reeling from the blows of energy crises. European countries are finding energy a critical bottom line to their development and future well-being. To reduce energy dependency and improve fiscal balance, the countries are placing increasing emphasis on exploiting their indigenous energy sources. This volume, Volume 2 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining energy trends and related data in 10 European countries: France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, West Germany, Yugoslvania and the Soviet Union. The range and detail of country coverage vary, dut to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations, its main emphasis is on the future, including estimates of future production and consumption, and descriptions of energy-development plans. The countries not endowed with large petroleum resources are moving toward non-oil sources. 5 references, 65 tables.

  8. An overview of worldwide development activity in building-integrated photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect

    Strong, S.J.

    1995-12-31

    The last two decades have brought significant charges to the design profession. Architects with vision have come to understand it is no longer the goal of good design to simply create a building that is pleasing; buildings of the future must be environmentally responsive as well. Increased levels of thermal insulation, healthier interiors, higher-efficiency lighting, better glazings and HVAC equipment, air to air heat exchangers and heat recovery ventilation systems are important steps in the right direction. However, more needs to be done and the area of photovoltaics is one of the most promising renewable energy technologies. This paper is a country by country description of component and system development along with selected examples of Solar Electric architecture. Countries described include Japan, Germany, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Spain, Sweden, Italy, Canada, Norway.

  9. Norwegian carbon taxes and their implication for fossil fuels

    SciTech Connect

    Kaarstad, O.

    1995-12-31

    The Scandinavian countries, and in particular Norway and Sweden, have since 1990/91 taxed CO{sub 2}-emissions with carbon tax of about US $150 per ton of CO{sub 2}. One may therefore say that these countries have placed themselves in a role as {open_quotes}carbon tax laboratories{close_quotes}. These very high CO{sub 2}-taxes have been in place for about four years and the first lessons from this experience are reported. In general it would seem as if the taxation mechanism is less efficient than economists have expected. The CO{sub 2}-emissions are increasing in both Norway and Sweden and the stabilization goal to the year 2000 will not be achieved in spite of the high taxation. The fossil fuel industry will have to learn to live with the climate change question which is inherently hostile to fossil fuels. It is argued that a more informed and active participation by the fossil fuel industry is needed in the climate change discussion. In addition the image of fossil fuels will benefit from showing real and potential improvement in the area of greenhouse gas emissions in the whole energy chain from production to combustion. The R&D effort being done into CO{sub 2}-capture and -disposal is creating such an option for the future. It is argued that the image of the entire fossil fuel industry will benefit from the creation of a {open_quotes}CO{sub 2}-free{close_quote} option or vision for oil, gas and coal. A number of examples are shown where today (or in the near future) actual CO{sub 2}-disposal in underground formations are taking place.

  10. Comparison of the post-Chernobyl [sup 137]Cs contamination of mushrooms from eastern Europe, Sweden, and North America

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, M.L.; Taylor, H.W.; Sharma, H.D. )

    1993-01-01

    A comparison was made of 134Cs and 137Cs contamination in fungi from eastern Europe and eastern North America. Mean activities of 25 Ukrainian, 6 Swedish, and 10 North American collections were 4,660, 9,750, and 205 Bq/kg (dry weight), respectively. Additional measurements were made on samples from the Moscow, southern Belarus, and Yugoslavia/Bulgaria regions. Activity values were found to vary by several orders of magnitude within all geographic areas, even for the same mushroom species. Significantly higher specific activities were observed in mycorrhizal species than in saprophytic and parasitic fungi. Unfortunately, many of the European mycorrhizal species considered as prized edibles contained unacceptably high levels of 137Cs (> 1,000 Bq/kg [dry weight]) and should be used sparingly as food. By contrast, no mushrooms collected in Ontario or northern Michigan exceeded 1,000 Bq of 137Cs per kg (dry weight). The excessive 137Cs contamination was evident in mushrooms from areas that had substantial fallout from the 1986 accident in reactor 4 at the Chernobyl nuclear power station. However, observations suggest that about 20% of the 137Cs in eastern Europe (Moscow area, Belarus, and Ukraine) is of non-Chernobyl origin.

  11. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2OtherElctrty | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    + 53.5026548673 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 58.7608028994 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 61.5607534672 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 40.3846153846 + Sweden Building 05K0009 +...

  12. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Total | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    + 65.5403331042 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 41.6418235453 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 56.5413268466 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 150.269021739 + Sweden Building 05K0011 +...

  13. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrtyTotal | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    + 54.2477876106 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 58.7608028994 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 61.5607534672 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 40.3846153846 + Sweden Building 05K0009 +...

  14. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercHeatPumps | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  15. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumps | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  16. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrPellets | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden...

  17. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrTownGas | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden...

  18. Eltek Valere | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Eltek Valere Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eltek Valere Place: Norway Sector: Renewable Energy Product: A Norway-based member of the Eltek Group, this company manufactures...

  19. Statoil formerly StatoilHydro | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Stavanger, Norway Zip: N-4035 Sector: Hydro, Renewable Energy Product: Norway-based oil and gas company. StatoilHydro(tm)s New Energy business unit involves renewable...

  20. ScanArc ASA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: ScanArc ASA Place: Hoyanger, Norway Product: Norway-based firm that provides advice on and develops processes and applications of plasma energy....

  1. Property:Building/TotalFloorArea | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Building 05K0019 + 24,000 + Sweden Building 05K0020 + 2,761 + Sweden Building 05K0021 + 5,100 + Sweden Building 05K0022 + 16,900 + Sweden Building 05K0023 + 9,541 + Sweden Building...

  2. Property:Building/FloorAreaTotal | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Building 05K0019 + 24,000 + Sweden Building 05K0020 + 2,761 + Sweden Building 05K0021 + 5,100 + Sweden Building 05K0022 + 17,000 + Sweden Building 05K0023 + 9,500 + Sweden Building...

  3. Evaluating Exhaust Emission Performance of Urban Buses Using Transient Heavy-Duty Chassis Dynamometer

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

  4. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States. 2007 - 2012

    SciTech Connect

    Vitina, Aisma; Luers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabo, Leif I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arantegui, Roberto; Hand, M. Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-12

    This report builds from a similar previous analysis (Schwabe et al., 2011) exploring the differences in cost of wind energy in 2008 among countries participating in IEA Wind Task 26 at that time. The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) is a widely recognized metric for understanding how technology, capital investment, operations, and financing impact the life-cycle cost of building and operating a wind plant. Schwabe et al. (2011) apply a spreadsheet-based cash flow model developed by the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) to estimate LCOE. This model is a detailed, discounted cash flow model used to represent the various cost structures in each of the participating countries from the perspective of a financial investor in a domestic wind energy project. This model is used for the present analysis as well, and comparisons are made for those countries who contributed to both reports, Denmark, Germany, and the United States.

  5. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Printers | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    rcityUseKwhM2Printers" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.928422444931 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 1.42372881356 + Sweden...

  6. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercElevators | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ctrtyUsePercElevators" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.125907012528 + Sweden Building...

  7. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercPrinters | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ectrtyUsePercPrinters" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 1.29926142668 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 1.28348328161 + Sweden...

  8. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcHeating...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    UseKwhM2ElctrcHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.915704329247 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  9. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTotal | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    dEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTotal" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 4355.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 1530.1 + Sweden Building 05K0003...

  10. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Total | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    EngyPerAreaKwhM2Total" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 221.549575215 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 213.701117318 + Sweden...

  11. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrDstrtHeating ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    riodMwhYrDstrtHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 2067.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 492.2 + Sweden Building 05K0003...

  12. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercElctrcEngineHeaters | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    rcElctrcEngineHeaters" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  13. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrDstrtColg | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    rPeriodMwhYrDstrtColg" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 762.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 322.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 +...

  14. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 9.09953195331 + Sweden Building...

  15. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pcs | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    fElctrcityUseKwhM2Pcs" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 26.0998626444 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 22.2888135593 + Sweden...

  16. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercAirCompressors | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    UsePercAirCompressors" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 1.86951260628 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  17. Property:Building/YearConstruction | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    YearConstruction" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 2003 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 1999 + Sweden Building 05K0003 +...

  18. Property:Building/InteriorHeight | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    InteriorHeight" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 3.5 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 3 +...

  19. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrElctrtyTotal ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    riodMwhYrElctrtyTotal" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 1399.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 686.9 + Sweden Building 05K0003...

  20. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercLaundry | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    lectrtyUsePercLaundry" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  1. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeKitchens...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    UseKwhM2LargeKitchens" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.763086941039 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  2. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    yUsePercRefrigeration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  3. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercPumps | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PElectrtyUsePercPumps" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 8.91703516299 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 5.44401702405 + Sweden...

  4. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    eKwhM2CirculationFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 13.3422495258 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  5. Property:Building/FloorAreaMiscellaneous | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the property "BuildingFloorAreaMiscellaneous" Showing 25 pages using this property. S Sweden Building 05K0002 + 360 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 110 + Sweden Building 05K0013 +...

  6. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    sePercCirculationFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 18.6715328229 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  7. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercFans | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    SPElectrtyUsePercFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 7.29539104961 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 16.7673965927 + Sweden...

  8. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrcHeating |...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    reaKwhM2ElctrcHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.915704329247 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  9. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2AirCompressors...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    seKwhM2AirCompressors" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 1.33591087145 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  10. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercTotal | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PElectrtyUsePercTotal" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 100.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 +...

  11. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercPcs | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    SPElectrtyUsePercPcs" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 36.5249084193 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 20.0932363649 + Sweden...

  12. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    YrDigesterLandfillGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  13. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercElctrcHeating | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    yUsePercElctrcHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 1.28146332495 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  14. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pumps | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    lctrcityUseKwhM2Pumps" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 6.37190900733 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 6.03888185355 + Sweden...

  15. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrTotal | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    gyForPeriodMwhYrTotal" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 4228.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 1501.1 + Sweden Building 05K0003...

  16. Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercLargeKitchens | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    yUsePercLargeKitchens" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 1.06788610412 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building...

  17. Property:Building/Category | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    "BuildingCategory" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + Office + Sweden Building 05K0002 + Office + Sweden Building 05K0003...

  18. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    YrDigesterLandfillGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  19. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtHeating | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    + 49.0472118426 + Sweden Building 05K0023 + 125.55033781 + Sweden Building 05K0024 + 100.666666667 + Sweden Building 05K0025 + 99.0384615385 + (previous 25) (next 25)...

  20. Property:Building/OwnershipCategory | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    OwnershipCategory" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + Government building + Sweden Building 05K0002 + Government building...

  1. Boliden | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Boliden Place: Stockholm, Sweden Zip: SE 101 20 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Sweden-based metals company, which is actively involved in power production...

  2. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sven LUND SWEDEN Uhrenholt Henrik LUND SWEDEN Ickhikawa Takatoshi RIKEN DYNAMICS ENERGY ENERGY LEVEL DENSITY EXCITATION GROUND STATES LEVELS NEUTRONS NUCLEI PARITY RESONANCE...

  3. Evidence of aging effects on certain safety-related components

    SciTech Connect

    Magleby, H.L.; Atwood, C.L.; MacDonald, P.E.; Edson, J.L.; Bramwell, D.L.

    1996-01-01

    In response to interest shown by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), Principal Working Group I (PWG- 1) of the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) conducted a generic study on the effects of aging of active components in nuclear power plants. (This focus on active components is consistent with PWG-l`s mandate; passive components are primarily within the mandate of PWG-3.) Representatives from France, Sweden, Finland, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom participated in the study by submitting reports documenting aging studies performed in their countries. This report consists of summaries of those reports, along with a comparison of the various statistical analysis methods used in the studies. The studies indicate that with some exceptions, active components generally do not present a significant aging problem in nuclear power plants. Design criteria and effective preventative maintenance programs, including timely replacement of components, are effective in mitigating potential aging problems. However, aging studies (such as qualitative and statistical analyses of failure modes and maintenance data) are an important part of efforts to identify and solve potential aging problems. Solving these problems typically includes such strategies as replacing suspect components with improved components, and implementing improved maintenance programs.

  4. Actinide Solubility and Speciation in the WIPP

    SciTech Connect

    Reed, Donald T.

    2015-11-02

    The presentation begins with the role and need for nuclear repositories (overall concept, international updates (Sweden, Finland, France, China), US approach and current status), then moves on to the WIPP TRU repository concept (design, current status--safety incidents of February 5 and 14, 2014, path forward), and finally considers the WIPP safety case: dissolved actinide concentrations (overall approach, oxidation state distribution and redox control, solubility of actinides, colloidal contribution and microbial effects). The following conclusions are set forth: (1) International programs are moving forward, but at a very slow and somewhat sporadic pace. (2) In the United States, the Salt repository concept, from the perspective of the long-term safety case, remains a viable option for nuclear waste management despite the current operational issues/concerns. (3) Current model/PA prediction (WIPP example) are built on redundant conservatisms. These conservatisms are being addressed in the ongoing and future research to fill existing data gaps--redox control of plutonium by Fe(0, II), thorium (analog) solubility studies in simulated brine, contribution of intrinsic and biocolloids to the mobile concentration, and clarification of microbial ecology and effects.

  5. A technical economic analysis of direct biomass liquefaction

    SciTech Connect

    Elliott, D.C.; Baker, E.G.; Oestman, A.; Gevert, S.B.; Beckman, D.; Solantausta, Y.; Hoernell, C.; Kjellstroem, B.

    1989-02-01

    This paper is based on the results of a technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction processes converting wood and peat to gasoline and diesel fuels. The assessment was carried out by the Working Group of the International Energy Agency, Direct Biomass Liquefaction Activity, in which Canada, Finland, Sweden, and the United States participated. The processes chosen for detailed analysis were Atmospheric Flash Pyrolysis (AFP) and Liquefaction In Pressurized Solvent (LIPS). The assessment covered three steps for each process from feed to final product: primary liquefaction to a crude oil product; catalytic hydrotreating to upgrade the crude product to a deoxygenated product oil; and refining the deoxygenated product to gasoline and diesel fuel. Present technology cases and potential future technology cases were evaluated. A consistent analytical basis was used throughout to allow comparison of the processes. This assessment shows that AFP is more economical than LIPS both for the production of boiler fuel oil as the primary liquefaction product and for the production of gasoline and diesel fuel products. The potential for future cost reduction through research and development is also clearly demonstrated. 23 refs., 14 figs., 7 tabs.

  6. Comparison of MACCS users calculations for the international comparison exercise on probabilistic accident consequence assessment code, October 1989--June 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Neymotin, L.

    1994-04-01

    Over the past several years, the OECD/NEA and CEC sponsored an international program intercomparing a group of six probabilistic consequence assessment (PCA) codes designed to simulate health and economic consequences of radioactive releases into atmosphere of radioactive materials following severe accidents at nuclear power plants (NPPs): ARANO (Finland), CONDOR (UK), COSYMA (CEC), LENA (Sweden), MACCS (USA), and OSCAAR (Japan). In parallel with this effort, two separate groups performed similar calculations using the MACCS and COSYMA codes. Results produced in the MACCS Users Group (Greece, Italy, Spain, and USA) calculations and their comparison are contained in the present report. Version 1.5.11.1 of the MACCS code was used for the calculations. Good agreement between the results produced in the four participating calculations has been reached, with the exception of the results related to the ingestion pathway dose predictions. The main reason for the scatter in those particular results is attributed to the lack of a straightforward implementation of the specifications for agricultural production and counter-measures criteria provided for the exercise. A significantly smaller scatter in predictions of other consequences was successfully explained by differences in meteorological files and weather sampling, grids, rain distance intervals, dispersion model options, and population distributions.

  7. Chernobyl bibliography

    SciTech Connect

    Carr, F. Jr.; Mahaffey, J.A.

    1989-09-01

    The purpose of the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database project is to create and maintain an information system to provide usable information for research studies related to the nuclear accident. The system is the official United States repository for information about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences, and currently includes an extensive bibliography and diverse radiological measurements with supporting information. PNL has established two resources: original (not summarized) measurement data, currently about 80,000 measurements, with ancillary information; and about 2,200 bibliographic citations, some including abstracts. Major organizations that have contributed radiological measurement data include the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services; United States Environmental Protection Agency (domestic and foreign data); United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Stone Webster; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Commissariat A L'energie Atomique in France; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the United Kingdom; Japan National Institute of Radiological Sciences; and the Finnish Centre For Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK). Scientists in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Wales, and Yugoslavia have made contributions. Bibliographic materials have been obtained from scientists in the above countries that have replied to requests. In addition, literature searches have been conducted, including a search of the DOE Energy Database. The last search was conducted in January, 1989. This document lists the bibliographic information in the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database at the current time.

  8. Tracing the HIV-1 subtype B mobility in Europe: a phylogeographic approach

    SciTech Connect

    Leitner, Thomas; Paraskevis, D; Pybus, O; Magiorkinis, G; Hatzakis, A

    2008-01-01

    The prevalence and the origin of HIV-1 subtype B, the most prevalent circulating clade among the long-term residents in Europe, have been studied extensively. However the spatial diffusion of the epidemic from the perspective of the virus has not previously been traced. In the current study we inferred the migration history of HIV-1 subtype B by way of a phylogeography of viral sequences sampled from 16 European countries and Israel. Migration events were inferred from viral phylogenies by character reconstruction using parsimony. With regard to the spatial dispersal of the HIV subtype B sequences across viral phylogenies, in most of the countries in Europe the epidemic was introduced by multiple sources and subsequently spread within local networks. Poland provides an exception where most of the infections were the result of a single point introduction. According to the significant migratory pathways, we show that there are considerable differences across Europe. Specifically, Greece, Portugal, Serbia and Spain, provide sources shedding HIV-1; Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg, on the other hand, are migratory targets, while for Denmark, Germany, Italy, Israel, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK we inferred significant bidirectional migration. For Poland no significant migratory pathways were inferred. Subtype B phylogeographies provide a new insight about the geographical distribution of viral lineages, as well as the significant pathways of virus dispersal across Europe, suggesting that intervention strategies should also address tourists, travellers and migrants.

  9. Suntrica Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Tampere, Finland Zip: 33100 Product: Finland-based manufacturer of thin-film PV battery chargers. References: Suntrica Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  10. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Norway " ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. LNG Imports from Norway ...

  11. MHK Projects/SEEWEC Consortium Brevik NO | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    a complete laboratory platform at a 1:3 scale at the Brevik shipyard in Norway. The prototype was launched in the sea in February 2005 off the southern coast of Norway. The...

  12. Racine County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Park, Wisconsin Franksville, Wisconsin Mount Pleasant, Wisconsin North Bay, Wisconsin Norway, Wisconsin Racine, Wisconsin Raymond, Wisconsin Rochester, Wisconsin Sturtevant,...

  13. Composite tube cracking in kraft recovery boilers: A state-of-the-art review

    SciTech Connect

    Singbeil, D.L.; Prescott, R.; Keiser, J.R.; Swindeman, R.W.

    1997-07-01

    Beginning in the mid-1960s, increasing energy costs in Finland and Sweden made energy recovery more critical to the cost-effective operation of a kraft pulp mill. Boiler designers responded to this need by raising the steam operating pressure, but almost immediately the wall tubes in these new boilers began to corrode rapidly. Test panels installed in the walls of the most severely corroding boiler identified austenitic stainless steel as sufficiently resistant to the new corrosive conditions, and discussions with Sandvik AB, a Swedish tube manufacturer, led to the suggestion that coextruded tubes be used for water wall service in kraft recovery boilers. Replacement of carbon steel by coextruded tubes has solved most of the corrosion problems experienced by carbon steel wall tubes, however, these tubes have not been problem-free. Beginning in early 1995, a multidisciplinary research program funded by the US Department of Energy was established to investigate the cause of cracking in coextruded tubes and to develop improved materials for use in water walls and floors of kraft recovery boilers. One portion of that program, a state-of-the-art review of public- and private-domain documents related to coextruded tube cracking in kraft recovery boilers is reported here. Sources of information that were consulted for this review include the following: tube manufacturers, boiler manufacturers, public-domain literature, companies operating kraft recovery boilers, consultants and failure analysis laboratories, and failure analyses conducted specifically for this project. Much of the information contained in this report involves cracking problems experienced in recovery boiler floors and those aspects of spout and air-port-opening cracking not readily attributable to thermal fatigue. 61 refs.

  14. International Workshop on Characterization and PIE Needs for Fundamental Understanding of Fuels Performance and Safety

    SciTech Connect

    Not Listed

    2011-12-01

    The International Workshop on Characterization and PIE Needs to Support Science-Based Development of Innovative Fuels was held June 16-17, 2011, in Paris, France. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Working Party on the Fuel Cycle (WPFC) sponsored the workshop to identify gaps in global capabilities that need to be filled to meet projected needs in the 21st century. First and foremost, the workshop brought nine countries and associated international organizations, together in support of common needs for nuclear fuels and materials testing, characterization, PIE, and modeling capabilities. Finland, France, Germany, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of America, IAEA, and ITU (on behalf of European Union Joint Research Centers) discussed issues and opportunities for future technical advancements and collaborations. Second, the presentations provided a base level of understanding of current international capabilities. Three main categories were covered: (1) status of facilities and near term plans, (2) PIE needs from fuels engineering and material science perspectives, and (3) novel PIE techniques being developed to meet the needs. The International presentations provided valuable data consistent with the outcome of the National Workshop held in March 2011. Finally, the panel discussion on 21st century PIE capabilities, created a unified approach for future collaborations. In conclusion, (1) existing capabilities are not sufficient to meet the needs of a science-based approach, (2) safety issues and fuels behavior during abnormal conditions will receive more focus post-Fukushima; therefore we need to adopt our techniques to those issues, and (3) International collaboration is needed in the areas of codes and standards development for the new techniques.

  15. Multi-Pack Disposal Concepts for Spent Fuel (Revision 1)

    SciTech Connect

    Hardin, Ernest; Matteo, Edward N.; Hadgu, Teklu

    2016-01-01

    At the initiation of the Used Fuel Disposition (UFD) R&D campaign, international geologic disposal programs and past work in the U.S. were surveyed to identify viable disposal concepts for crystalline, clay/shale, and salt host media. Concepts for disposal of commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level waste (HLW) from reprocessing are relatively advanced in countries such as Finland, France, and Sweden. The UFD work quickly showed that these international concepts are all “enclosed,” whereby waste packages are emplaced in direct or close contact with natural or engineered materials . Alternative “open” modes (emplacement tunnels are kept open after emplacement for extended ventilation) have been limited to the Yucca Mountain License Application Design. Thermal analysis showed that if “enclosed” concepts are constrained by peak package/buffer temperature, that waste package capacity is limited to 4 PWR assemblies (or 9 BWR) in all media except salt. This information motivated separate studies: 1) extend the peak temperature tolerance of backfill materials, which is ongoing; and 2) develop small canisters (up to 4-PWR size) that can be grouped in larger multi-pack units for convenience of storage, transportation, and possibly disposal (should the disposal concept permit larger packages). A recent result from the second line of investigation is the Task Order 18 report: Generic Design for Small Standardized Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister Systems. This report identifies disposal concepts for the small canisters (4-PWR size) drawing heavily on previous work, and for the multi-pack (16-PWR or 36-BWR).

  16. Multi-pack Disposal Concepts for Spent Fuel (Rev. 0)

    SciTech Connect

    Hadgu, Teklu; Hardin, Ernest; Matteo, Edward N.

    2015-12-01

    At the initiation of the Used Fuel Disposition (UFD) R&D campaign, international geologic disposal programs and past work in the U.S. were surveyed to identify viable disposal concepts for crystalline, clay/shale, and salt host media (Hardin et al., 2012). Concepts for disposal of commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level waste (HLW) from reprocessing are relatively advanced in countries such as Finland, France, and Sweden. The UFD work quickly showed that these international concepts are all “enclosed,” whereby waste packages are emplaced in direct or close contact with natural or engineered materials . Alternative “open” modes (emplacement tunnels are kept open after emplacement for extended ventilation) have been limited to the Yucca Mountain License Application Design (CRWMS M&O, 1999). Thermal analysis showed that, if “enclosed” concepts are constrained by peak package/buffer temperature, waste package capacity is limited to 4 PWR assemblies (or 9-BWR) in all media except salt. This information motivated separate studies: 1) extend the peak temperature tolerance of backfill materials, which is ongoing; and 2) develop small canisters (up to 4-PWR size) that can be grouped in larger multi-pack units for convenience of storage, transportation, and possibly disposal (should the disposal concept permit larger packages). A recent result from the second line of investigation is the Task Order 18 report: Generic Design for Small Standardized Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister Systems (EnergySolution, 2015). This report identifies disposal concepts for the small canisters (4-PWR size) drawing heavily on previous work, and for the multi-pack (16-PWR or 36-BWR).

  17. In-Field Performance Testing of the Fork Detector for Quantitative Spent Fuel Verification

    SciTech Connect

    Gauld, Ian C.; Hu, Jianwei; De Baere, P.; Vaccaro, S.; Schwalbach, P.; Liljenfeldt, Henrik; Tobin, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Expanding spent fuel dry storage activities worldwide are increasing demands on safeguards authorities that perform inspections. The European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) require measurements to verify declarations when spent fuel is transferred to difficult-to-access locations, such as dry storage casks and the repositories planned in Finland and Sweden. EURATOM makes routine use of the Fork detector to obtain gross gamma and total neutron measurements during spent fuel inspections. Data analysis is performed by modules in the integrated Review and Analysis Program (iRAP) software, developed jointly by EURATOM and the IAEA. Under the framework of the US Department of Energy–EURATOM cooperation agreement, a module for automated Fork detector data analysis has been developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) using the ORIGEN code from the SCALE code system and implemented in iRAP. EURATOM and ORNL recently performed measurements on 30 spent fuel assemblies at the Swedish Central Interim Storage Facility for Spent Nuclear Fuel (Clab), operated by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB). The measured assemblies represent a broad range of fuel characteristics. Neutron count rates for 15 measured pressurized water reactor assemblies are predicted with an average relative standard deviation of 4.6%, and gamma signals are predicted on average within 2.6% of the measurement. The 15 measured boiling water reactor assemblies exhibit slightly larger deviations of 5.2% for the gamma signals and 5.7% for the neutron count rates, compared to measurements. These findings suggest that with improved analysis of the measurement data, existing instruments can provide increased verification of operator declarations of the spent fuel and thereby also provide greater ability to confirm integrity of an assembly. These results support the application of the Fork detector as a fully quantitative spent fuel

  18. Late Patient-Reported Toxicity After Preoperative Radiotherapy or Chemoradiotherapy in Nonresectable Rectal Cancer: Results From a Randomized Phase III Study

    SciTech Connect

    Braendengen, Morten, E-mail: mortbrae@medisin.uio.no [Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Cancer Centre, Oslo (Norway); Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Tveit, Kjell Magne [Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Cancer Centre, Oslo (Norway); Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Bruheim, Kjersti [Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Cancer Centre, Oslo (Norway); Cvancarova, Milada [Department of Clinical Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital, Radiumhospitalet, Oslo (Norway); Berglund, Ake [Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala (Sweden); Glimelius, Bengt [Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala (Sweden)

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: Preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is superior to radiotherapy (RT) in locally advanced rectal cancer, but the survival gain is limited. Late toxicity is, therefore, important. The aim was to compare late bowel, urinary, and sexual functions after CRT or RT. Methods and Materials: Patients (N = 207) with nonresectable rectal cancer were randomized to preoperative CRT or RT (2 Gy Multiplication-Sign 25 {+-} 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin). Extended surgery was often required. Self-reported late toxicity was scored according to the LENT SOMA criteria in a structured telephone interview and with questionnaires European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30), International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), and sexual function -vaginal changes questionnaire (SVQ). Results: Of the 105 patients alive in Norway and Sweden after 4 to 12 years of follow-up, 78 (74%) responded. More patients in the CRT group had received a stoma (73% vs. 52%, p = 0.09). Most patients without a stoma (7 of 12 in CRT group and 9 of 16 in RT group) had incontinence for liquid stools or gas. No stoma and good anal function were seen in 5 patients (11%) in the CRT group and in 11 (30%) in the RT group (p = 0.046). Of 44 patients in the CRT group, 12 (28%) had had bowel obstruction compared with 5 of 33 (15%) in the RT group (p = 0.27). One-quarter of the patients reported urinary incontinence. The majority of men had severe erectile dysfunction. Few women reported sexual activity during the previous month. However, the majority did not have concerns about their sex life. Conclusions: Fecal incontinence and erectile dysfunction are frequent after combined treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer. There was a clear tendency for the problems to be more common after CRT than after RT.

  19. Determining initial enrichment, burnup, and cooling time of pressurized-water reactor spent fuel assemblies by analyzing passive gamma spectra measured at the Clab interim-fuel storage facility in Sweden

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Favalli, Andrea; Vo, D.; Grogan, Brandon R.; Jansson, Peter; Liljenfeldt, Henrik; Mozin, Vladimir; Schwalbach, P.; Sjoland, A.; Tobin, Stephen J.; Trellue, Holly; et al

    2016-02-26

    The purpose of the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI)–Spent Fuel (SF) project is to strengthen the technical toolkit of safeguards inspectors and/or other interested parties. The NGSI–SF team is working to achieve the following technical goals more easily and efficiently than in the past using nondestructive assay measurements of spent fuel assemblies: (1) verify the initial enrichment, burnup, and cooling time of facility declaration; (2) detect the diversion or replacement of pins; (3) estimate the plutonium mass [which is also a function of the variables in (1)]; (4) estimate the decay heat; and (5) determine the reactivity of spent fuelmore » assemblies. Since August 2013, a set of measurement campaigns has been conducted at the Central Interim Storage Facility for Spent Nuclear Fuel (Clab), in collaboration with Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB). One purpose of the measurement campaigns was to acquire passive gamma spectra with high-purity germanium and lanthanum bromide scintillation detectors from Pressurized Water Reactor and Boiling Water Reactor spent fuel assemblies. The absolute 137Cs count rate and the 154Eu/137Cs, 134Cs/137Cs, 106Ru/137Cs, and 144Ce/137Cs isotopic ratios were extracted; these values were used to construct corresponding model functions (which describe each measured quantity’s behavior over various combinations of burnup, cooling time, and initial enrichment) and then were used to determine those same quantities in each measured spent fuel assembly. Furthermore, the results obtained in comparison with the operator declared values, as well as the methodology developed, are discussed in detail in the paper.« less

  20. Property:Building/Boundaries | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    "BuildingBoundaries" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + Several buildings + Sweden Building 05K0002 + Part of a building +...

  1. Clean Cities Reaches Across the Sea

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clean Cities International collaborates with leaders from Kazakhstan and Sweden share best practices and accomplish mutual goals.

  2. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrPellets | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ForPeriodMwhYrPellets" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  3. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2WoodChips | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PerAreaKwhM2WoodChips" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  4. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrWoodChips | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    yNrmlYrMwhYrWoodChips" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  5. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Laundry | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    trcityUseKwhM2Laundry" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  6. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    gyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  7. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrOther | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    gyForPeriodMwhYrOther" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  8. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    M2DigesterLandfillGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  9. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrWoodChips | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    rPeriodMwhYrWoodChips" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  10. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0...

  11. AW Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: AW Energy Address: Lars Sonckin kaari 16 Place: Espoo Zip: FI-02600 Region: Finland Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +358 9 7262404...

  12. International Collaboration Activities in Different Geologic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (10 project partners)in URLs of France (Tournemire), Japan (Horonobe), ... and Research (BMWi); ANDRA of France, and possibly with Belgium, Japan, and Finland. ...

  13. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 14, 1988

    SciTech Connect

    1988-03-14

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Libya, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Austria, Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland.

  14. Wind and Water Materials and Structures Database Download

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & ... Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia ...

  15. Fact #643: October 4, 2010 Four Cylinder Engine Installations...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom from 1999 to 2009. The total amount includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eire, Finland, France, Germany, ...

  16. East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Guinea Estonia Finland France Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan ...

  17. Deputy Secretary Poneman's Remarks at a Conference Hosted by...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... over 60 new reactors under construction in more than a dozen countries around the world, including in European countries like Finland, France, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine. ...

  18. Heavy Duty Vehicle In-Use Emission Performance | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Heavy Duty Vehicle In-Use Emission Performance Heavy Duty Vehicle In-Use Emission Performance 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland ...

  19. Braggone Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Braggone Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Braggone Ltd Place: Oulu, Finland Zip: FIN-90570 Product: Finnish optoelectronics manufacturer which makes anti-reflective coatings...

  20. Poyry Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Poyry Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Poyry Group Place: Vantaa, Finland Zip: 1621 Product: Vantaa-based consulting and engineering firm, specialising in issues regarding...

  1. ARM - Publications Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The 2014 ARM Annual Report features the second ARM Mobile Facility in Hyytil, Finland. The 2014 ARM Annual Report features the second ARM Mobile Facility in Hyytil,...

  2. Naps Systems Oy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Naps Systems Oy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Naps Systems Oy Place: Vantaa, Finland Zip: 1510 Sector: Solar Product: Naps provides solar electricity solutions that range from...

  3. Beneq Oy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Beneq Oy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Beneq Oy Place: Vantaa, Finland Zip: 1510 Product: Finnish manufacturer of various coating equipment such as CVD system for glass....

  4. Haminan Energia Oy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: Haminan Energia Oy Place: Hamina, Finland Zip: 49400 Sector: Services, Solar, Wind energy Product: String representation "Haminan Energia ... ergy equipment." is too...

  5. ARM - Data Announcements Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in Hyytil, Finland, from February through September 2014, and Manacapuru, Brazil, from January through December 2014. Evaluation data have been previously shared for...

  6. Sinvent AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Sinvent AS Place: Norway Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Subsidiary Division ) References: Sinvent AS1 This...

  7. Oxford County, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Oxford, Maine Norway, Maine Otisfield, Maine Oxford, Maine Paris, Maine Peru, Maine Porter, Maine Roxbury, Maine Rumford, Maine South Oxford, Maine South Paris, Maine Stoneham,...

  8. --No Title--

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russia Rwanda...

  9. Category:Countries | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea Northern Mariana Islands Norway O Oman P Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Q Qatar R Republic of Macedonia...

  10. LUG 2015 | Registration

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian Territory, Occupied Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian...

  11. Utility Rate Database | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian Territories Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Islands Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia...

  12. Video: “Deep Heat” Explains Geothermal Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    ScienceNordic, a website that covers science news from Nordic countries in English, has a new short video featuring geothermal energy in Norway, Iceland, Tuscany and beyond.

  13. Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tidal Energy Technology AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS Address: PO Box 399 Place: Harstad Zip: 9484 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and...

  14. Tidal Sails AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sails AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tidal Sails AS Address: Standgaten 130 Place: Haugesund Zip: 5531 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +32 474 98...

  15. Sarsia Seed Management | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sarsia Seed Management Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sarsia Seed Management Place: Norway Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private ...

  16. Guyana REDD+ Investment Fund (GRIF) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guyana REDD+ Investment Fund (GRIF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Guyana REDD+ Investment Fund (GRIF) AgencyCompany Organization Government of Norway, Government of Guyana...

  17. MultiPower ASA Formerly Jumpit ASA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Oslo, Norway Zip: N-0117 Product: Norwegian firm focused on the development of batteries, both rechargeable and disposable. Coordinates: 59.91228, 10.74998 Show Map...

  18. DE-FE0003060 | netl.doe.gov

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Performers Stiftelsen GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway Funding Institutions United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Statoil Schlumberger United States Department of Energy (USDOE) ...

  19. Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... students from Norway's University of Stavanger. * STORE hosted a visit from Tim Dixon of the International Energy Agency's Greenhouse Gas Research and Development Programme. ...

  20. Novus Energy Partners | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Novus Energy Partners Place: Alexandria, Virginia Zip: 22314 Product: Virginia and Norway-based investment fund focused on emerging companies in the new energy industry....

  1. Pelagic Power AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Pelagic Power AS Address: LIV bygget Place: Vanvikan Zip: N-7125 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: www.pelagicpower.com This company is listed...

  2. Norsun AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Norsun AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Norsun AS Place: Oslo, Norway Zip: NO-0151 Product: Norwegian manufacturer of monocrystalline ingots and PV wafers. Coordinates:...

  3. Orangeburg County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    South Carolina Livingston, South Carolina Neeses, South Carolina North, South Carolina Norway, South Carolina Orangeburg, South Carolina Rowesville, South Carolina Santee, South...

  4. MHK Projects/MORILD Demonstration Plant | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Start Date 112004 Project City Kvalsundet Strait near Troms, NULL Project Country Norway Project Resource Click here Current Tidal Coordinates 69.8079, 18.6795 Project...

  5. Distinct summer and winter bacterial communities in the active...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Biology University of Tromso, Tromso, Norway The active layer of soil overlaying permafrost in the Arctic is subjected to dramatic annual changes in temperature and soil...

  6. Euro Wave Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wave Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Euro Wave Energy Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: www.eurowaveenergy.com This company is listed in the Marine...

  7. Fact #575: June 15, 2009 Diesel Car Sales in Europe Still Over...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Western Europe Diesel Car Market Share, 1999-2008 Graph showing the Western Europe (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, Switzerland, and United Kingdom) Diesel Car ...

  8. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States. The United States imports natural gas from Canada, Mexico, Algeria, Australia, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Malaysia, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Qatar, Trinidad and Tobago, and...

  9. Innotech Solar AS formerly known as Solar Cell Repower | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Innotech Solar AS formerly known as Solar Cell Repower Jump to: navigation, search Name: Innotech Solar AS (formerly known as Solar Cell Repower) Place: Narvik, Norway Zip: 8512...

  10. Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Field Projects Supported by DOE...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    program has supported a number of projects implementing CO2 injection in the United States and other countries including, Canada, Algeria, Norway, Australia, and Germany. ...

  11. Sequential Threat Detection for Harbor Defense: An X-ray Physics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE Contract Number: W-7405-ENG-48 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: Presented at: IEEE OCEANS'13, Bergen, Norway, Jun 10 - Jun 14, 2013 Research Org: ...

  12. NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Design Tools and Methods

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    ... ECN (NED) SWAY (Norway) University of Delaware (USA) Leibnitz University of Hannover (DE) CENER (ESP) Fraunhofer IWES (DE) University of Stuttgart (DE) Vestas (DK) NOWITECH ...

  13. Fast Start Financing | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the government of the Netherlands, with support from the governments of Costa Rica, Colombia, Denmark, Germany, Indonesia, the Marshall Islands, Mexico, Norway, the United...

  14. REC Group Renewable Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information

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    Group Renewable Energy Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: REC Group (Renewable Energy Corporation) Place: Hvik, Norway Zip: N-1323 Sector: Solar Product: Norwegian...

  15. Clean Coal and Waste to Energy Session

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... Brazil Canada China European Union France Germany Greece India Italy Japan Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Saudi Arabia South Africa Korea United Kingdom United ...

  16. WWS_LorrieC157L_0915

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    Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Latvia Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mozambique Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway ...

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  18. Microsoft Word - Report from the NEAC Facilities Subcommittee

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    ... INL ATR ORNL HFIR MIT, MURR France JHR, Japan JMTR, Norway Halden, Holland Petten v Np-237 target irradiation INL ATR ORNL HFIR IV Fast irradiation - small samplessurrogates ...

  19. Scatec Solar | Open Energy Information

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    Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Scatec Solar Place: Norway Product: Norwegian PV system integrator with a parent, Norsun, that manufactures monocrystalline silicon ingots...

  20. NREL Collaborates with SWAY on Offshore Wind Demonstration (Fact...

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    on an offshore wind energy demonstration project deployed off the coast of Bergen, Norway. ... SWAY's one-fifth scale prototype demonstration wind energy system installed off the coast ...

  1. Overview of the international R&D recycling activities of the nuclear fuel cycle

    SciTech Connect

    Patricia Paviet-Hartmann

    2012-12-01

    Nuclear power has demonstrated over the last thirty years its capacity to produce base-load electricity at a low, predictable and stable cost due to the very low economic dependence of the price of uranium. However the management of used nuclear fuel (UNF) remains the “Achilles’ heel of this energy source since the storage of UNF is increasing as evidenced by the following number with 2,000 to 2,300 of UNF produced each year by the 104 US nuclear reactor units which equates to a total of 62,000 UNF assemblies stored in dry cask storage and 88,000 stored in pools. Alarmingly, more than half of US commercial reactor sites have filled their pools to capacity and have had to add dry cask storage facilities. Two options adopted by several countries will be discussed. The first one adopted by Europe, Japan and Russia consists of recycling the used nuclear fuel after irradiation in a nuclear reactor. Ninety six percent of uranium and plutonium contained in the spent fuel could be reused to produce electricity and are worth recycling. The separation of uranium and plutonium from the wastes is realized through the industrial PUREX process so that they can be recycled for re-use in a nuclear reactor as a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. The second option undertaken by Finland, Sweden and the United States implies the direct disposal of UNF into a geologic formation. One has to remind that only 30% of the worldwide UNF are currently recycled, the larger part being stored (90% in pool) waiting for scientific or political decisions. A third option is emerging with a closed fuel cycle which will improve the global sustainability of nuclear energy. This option will not only decrease the volume amount of nuclear waste but also the long-term radiotoxicity of the final waste, as well as improving the long-term safety and the heat-loading of the final repository. At the present time, numerous countries are focusing on the R&D recycling activities of the ultimate waste composed of fission

  2. Shipper/receiver difference verification of spent fuel by use of PDET

    SciTech Connect

    Ham, Y. S.; Sitaraman, S.

    2011-07-01

    Spent fuel storage pools in most countries are rapidly approaching their design limits with the discharge of over 10,000 metric tons of heavy metal from global reactors. Countries like UK, France or Japan have adopted a closed fuel cycle by reprocessing spent fuel and recycling MOX fuel while many other countries opted for above ground interim dry storage for their spent fuel management strategy. Some countries like Finland and Sweden are already well on the way to setting up a conditioning plant and a deep geological repository for spent fuel. For all these situations, shipments of spent fuel are needed and the number of these shipments is expected to increase significantly. Although shipper/receiver difference (SRD) verification measurements are needed by IAEA when the recipient facility receives spent fuel, these are not being practiced to the level that IAEA has desired due to lack of a credible measurement methodology and instrument that can reliably perform these measurements to verify non-diversion of spent fuel during shipment and confirm facility operator declarations on the spent fuel. In this paper, we describe a new safeguards method and an associated instrument, Partial Defect Tester (PDET), which can detect pin diversion from Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Spent Fuel Assemblies in an in-situ condition. The PDET uses multiple tiny neutron and gamma detectors in the form of a cluster and a simple, yet highly precise, gravity-driven system to obtain underwater radiation measurements inside a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) spent fuel assembly. The method takes advantage of the PWR fuel design which contains multiple guide tubes which can be accessed from the top. The data obtained in such a manner can provide spatial distribution of neutron and gamma flux within a spent fuel assembly. Our simulation study as well as validation measurements indicated that the ratio of the gamma signal to the thermal neutron signal at each detector location normalized to

  3. Overview of the International R&D Recycling Activities of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

    SciTech Connect

    Patricia Paviet-Hartmann

    2012-10-01

    Nuclear power has demonstrated over the last 30 years its capacity to produce base-load electricity at a low, predictable and stable cost due to the very low economic dependence on the price of uranium. However the management of used nuclear fuel remains the “Achilles’ Heel” of this energy source since the storage of used nuclear fuel is increasing as evidenced by the following number with 2,000 tons of UNF produced each year by the 104 US nuclear reactor units which equates to a total of 62,000 spent fuel assemblies stored in dry cask and 88,000 stored in pools. Two options adopted by several countries will be presented. The first one adopted by Europe, Japan and Russia consists of recycling the used nuclear fuel after irradiation in a nuclear reactor. Ninety six percent of uranium and plutonium contained in the spent fuel could be reused to produce electricity and are worth recycling. The separation of uranium and plutonium from the wastes is realized through the industrial PUREX process so that they can be recycled for re-use in a nuclear reactor as a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. The second option undertaken by Finland, Sweden and the United States implies the direct disposal of used nuclear fuel into a geologic formation. One has to remind that only 30% of the worldwide used nuclear fuel are currently recycled, the larger part being stored (90% in pool) waiting for scientific or political decisions. A third option is emerging with a closed fuel cycle which will improve the global sustainability of nuclear energy. This option will not only decrease the volume amount of nuclear waste but also the long-term radiotoxicity of the final waste, as well as improving the long-term safety and the heat-loading of the final repository. At the present time, numerous countries are focusing on the R&D recycling activities of the ultimate waste composed of fission products and minor actinides (americium and curium). Several new chemical extraction processes, such as TRUSPEAK

  4. Radioactive waste management approaches for developed countries

    SciTech Connect

    Patricia Paviet-Hartmann; Anthony Hechanova; Catherine Riddle

    2013-07-01

    Nuclear power has demonstrated over the last 30 years its capacity to produce base-load electricity at a low, predictable and stable cost due to the very low economic dependence on the price of uranium. However the management of used nuclear fuel remains the “Achilles’ Heel” of this energy source since the storage of used nuclear fuel is increasing as evidenced by the following number with 2,000 tons of UNF produced each year by the 104 US nuclear reactor units which equates to a total of 62,000 spent fuel assemblies stored in dry cask and 88,000 stored in pools. Two options adopted by several countries will be presented. The first one adopted by Europe, Japan and Russia consists of recycling the used nuclear fuel after irradiation in a nuclear reactor. Ninety six percent of uranium and plutonium contained in the spent fuel could be reused to produce electricity and are worth recycling. The separation of uranium and plutonium from the wastes is realized through the industrial PUREX process so that they can be recycled for re-use in a nuclear reactor as a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. The second option undertaken by Finland, Sweden and the United States implies the direct disposal of used nuclear fuel into a geologic formation. One has to remind that only 30% of the worldwide used nuclear fuel are currently recycled, the larger part being stored (70% in pool) waiting for scientific or political decisions. A third option is emerging with a closed fuel cycle which will improve the global sustainability of nuclear energy. This option will not only decrease the volume amount of nuclear waste but also the long-term radiotoxicity of the final waste, as well as improving the long-term safety and the heat-loading of the final repository. At the present time, numerous countries are focusing on the R&D recycling activities of the ultimate waste composed of fission products and minor actinides (americium and curium). Several new chemical extraction processes, such as TRUSPEAK

  5. Switchpower | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sweden Zip: 102 41 Sector: Wind energy Product: Switchpower delivers turn-key photovoltaic (PV) power systems and modern wind turbine generators to private customers,...

  6. Electronic Structure of Cobalt Nanocrystals Suspended in Liquid

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    M. Salmeron (Berkeley Lab); J. Guo (ALS); A. Augustsson (ALS and Uppsala University, Sweden); C. Dong (ALS and Tamkang University, Taiwan); J. Nordgren (Uppsala University,...

  7. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Creating an efficient cyber workplace Having lived and worked all around the world managing networking-including Sweden, New Zealand, Oregon and Maryland-Elaine Santantonio may be ...

  8. Uppsala University | Open Energy Information

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    University Jump to: navigation, search Name: Uppsala University Address: Box 534 Place: Uppsala Zip: 75121 Region: Sweden Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number:...

  9. Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) | Open Energy Information

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    The Stockholm Environment Institute, located in Stockholm, Sweden, is an independent international research institute. The SEI is dedicated to bringing scientific insights to...

  10. Geothermal Technologies Office: Download GETEM, August 2012 Beta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovak Republic Slovenia South Africa South Korea Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand...

  11. Algeria ",263,"-",263

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    " "Portugal South Africa ",-65,"719 -","719 65 "," " "South Korea ",280,761,1040," " "Spain ",1295,84,1379," " "Sweden ",728,"-",728," " "Taiwan ","-",86,86," " "Turkey...

  12. --No Title--

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania...

  13. Arontis Solar Concentrator AB | Open Energy Information

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    Arontis Solar Concentrator AB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Arontis Solar Concentrator AB Place: Harnosand, Sweden Zip: SE-871 31 Product: Developer of a medium-concentrating,...

  14. Ultrafast Core-Hole Induced Dynamics in Water

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    isotope substitution experiments and molecular dynamics simulations, researchers from Sweden, Germany, and the U.S. have shown that the ultrafast (0- to 10-fs) dissociation...

  15. DOE to Host Swedish Scientists for Technical Workshop

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    Conference Center in Carlsbad. This is the first organized technical exchange between Sweden and CBFO. It involves representatives of SKB (the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste...

  16. 2011 Session - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

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    Combustion Laser Diagnostics, delivered by Professor Marcus Aldn of Lund University, Sweden. Course Descriptions Lecturers Lecture Notes Lecture Videos on Princeton University...

  17. Property:Building/YearConstruction1 | Open Energy Information

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    1 (taxation year) Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: S Sweden Building 05K0004 Pages using the property "BuildingYearConstruction1" Showing 25...

  18. The Varberg Coalition for Energy and Environment | Open Energy...

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    Varberg Coalition for Energy and Environment Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Varberg Coalition for Energy and Environment Place: Varberg, Sweden Zip: 43223 Product: String...

  19. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chiral dynamics and peripheral transverse densities Granados Carlos G Uppsala University Sweden Weiss Christian JLAB Newport News VA United States PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES...

  20. Chiral dynamics and peripheral transverse densities Granados...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    dynamics and peripheral transverse densities Granados, Carlos G. Uppsala University (Sweden); Weiss, Christian JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States) 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY...

  1. Four-Year Plan | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    HEU Removal South Africa HEU Removal Sweden Plutonium Removal Taiwan HEU Removal Turkey HEU Removal Ukraine HEU Removal United Kingdom HEU Removal Uzbekistan HEU Removal...

  2. Global Threat Reduction Initiative

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine and Mexico. -Completed clean-out of HEU ... Chile (March 2010), Serbia (December 2010), Mexico (March 2012) and Ukraine (March 2012). ...

  3. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine and Mexico. -Completed clean-out of HEU ... Chile (March 2010), Serbia (December 2010), Mexico (March 2012) and Ukraine (March 2012). ...

  4. Frequently Asked Questions About the Higgs Boson

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    ... DZero: Brazil, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the ...

  5. 1

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    ... the Oskar Klein Centre in Sweden, the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, the TANGO Program of the University System of Taiwan and the Kavli Institute for the ...

  6. Uncovering the mysteries of cosmic explosions

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    ... the Oskar Klein Centre in Sweden, the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, the TANGO Program of the University System of Taiwan and the Kavli Institute for the ...

  7. Uppsala University Division for Electricity | Open Energy Information

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    University Division for Electricity Jump to: navigation, search Name: Uppsala University Division for Electricity Region: Sweden Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website:...

  8. 3D Equilibrium Effects Due to RMP Application on DIII-D (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Publisher: Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics, Stockholmm, Sweden (June 2012) Research Org: Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States) ...

  9. List of International Projects for FY 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Processing Russia Collaboration on Investigation of Next Generation Melter Technologies ... Sweden Fuel packaging technologies and methods for long-term storage of SNF spent ...

  10. Ultrafast Core-Hole Induced Dynamics in Water

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    with pump-probe measurements. Using a combination of isotope substitution experiments and molecular dynamics simulations, researchers from Sweden, Germany, and the U.S. have shown...

  11. Sandia to participate in the 7th Clean Energy Ministerial, June...

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    Ministerial, June 1 & 2, 2016 - Sandia Energy Energy ... Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water ... Arabia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United Arab ...

  12. Breeze System | Open Energy Information

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    Place: Gothenburg Country: Sweden Zip: 41137 Sector: Wind energy Product: Breeze wind software Year Founded: 2010 Phone Number: +46 31 788 03 00 Website: www.breezesystem.com...

  13. ALS User Meeting Archives

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    and Anders Nilsson (Uppsala University, Sweden), For performing a suite of state-of-the-art experiments measuring the electronic structures from surfaces of materials. Anders...

  14. Experimental Program for Used Fuel Disposition in Crystalline...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Atomic Energy Research Institute * Aspo Hard Rock Laboratory (Sweden) * Bedrichov ... reduced dielectric constant of confined water 85 Senapati & Chandra, 2001, J. Phys. ...

  15. UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information

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    Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States Cost: Free Australia and New Zealand, Western...

  16. Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information

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    Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela UN Region: Northern America,...

  17. Skeleton Technologies Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Group Place: Sweden Product: Manufacturers of supercapacitors and other composite materials. References: Skeleton Technologies Group1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  18. Ultrafast Core-Hole Induced Dynamics in Water

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Swedish Research Council, Swedish National Supercomputer Center, Center for Parallel Computers (Sweden), German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Operation of the...

  19. Minesto AB | Open Energy Information

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    Minesto AB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Minesto AB Region: Sweden Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http: This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic...

  20. Electronic Structure of Cobalt Nanocrystals Suspended in Liquid

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dong (ALS and Tamkang University, Taiwan); J. Nordgren (Uppsala University, Sweden); C. Chang (Tamkang University, Taiwan); P. Alivisatos (Berkeley Lab and University of...

  1. Solibro AB | Open Energy Information

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    Sweden Zip: 751 21 Sector: Solar Product: Develops thin film solar cells using copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS). References: Solibro AB1 This article is a stub....

  2. Spin-orbit coupling, electron transport and pairing instabilities...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut 06106, USA AlbaNova University Center Nordita, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden Publication Date: 2016-04-28 OSTI Identifier: 1249828 Grant...

  3. ARM - Events Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in Monterey Bookmark and Share Nearly 300 participants from countries as far away as Japan, Australia, and Finland attended the 2007 ARM Science Team Meeting. A spring mix of...

  4. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Molecular Biology -- Biostatistiikan seura ry Finnish Society of Biostatistics -- Brain Research Society of Finland (BRSF) TOP - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W ...

  5. Applicant/Institution: The University of Georgia Research Foundation...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Wind profiles from 20 to 905 m height were recorded every 30 ... probe (GMP343, Vaisala, Finland) with an atmospheric ... is important due to the energy and momentum they ...

  6. About - OpenEI Datasets

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and Netherland government portals, as well as city and municipal sites in the US, UK, Argentina, Finland and elsewhere. CKAN: http:ckan.org CKAN Tour: http:ckan.orgtour...

  7. ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    9, 2015 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases] Seeing the Forest Through the Trees-And to the Aerosols Bookmark and Share End of the Biogenic Aerosols - Effects on Clouds and Climate Campaign in Finland Finnish scientists are measuring aerosols on branches as they grow in the boreal forests. Image courtesy of Juho Aalto. Finnish scientists are measuring aerosols on branches as they grow in the boreal forests. Image courtesy of Juho Aalto. Nine months in the icy, cold forests of Finland

  8. Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE | Open Energy Information

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    Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: www.owwe.net This company is listed...

  9. E CO Energi | Open Energy Information

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    Energi Jump to: navigation, search Name: E CO Energi Address: PO Box 255 Sentrum Zip: 103 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: + 47 24 11 69 00 Website:...

  10. Norsk Hydro ASA | Open Energy Information

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    Norsk Hydro ASA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Norsk Hydro ASA Place: Oslo, Norway Zip: NO-0283 Sector: Hydro, Renewable Energy, Solar Product: Oslo-based energy and aluminium...

  11. DOE - Fossil Energy:

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    Midland Cogeneration Venture Ltd. Partnership 1765 FE02-26-LNG 043002 Various Sources El Paso Merchant Energy, L.P. (Norway) 1780 FE02-59-NG 082902 Can Midland Cogeneration...

  12. Si Pro AS | Open Energy Information

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    Pro AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Si Pro AS Place: Glomfjord, Norway Zip: 8161 Product: Silicon recycler with facility in Singapore. Coordinates: 66.807991, 13.97315...

  13. Miljobil Grenland AS | Open Energy Information

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    Grenland AS Place: Norway Zip: L5J 1K9 Product: A professional operator of a fleet of electric cars offered to the market through a leasing-concept. References: Miljobil...

  14. 2016 CO2 Capture Technology Project Review Meeting | netl.doe...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Global Perspective on the Status of Carbon Capture John Gale, IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme Demonstration of U.S.-Norway Joint Projects Bjrn-Erik Haugan, Gassnova SF Effective ...

  15. Langlee Wave Power AS | Open Energy Information

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    Power AS Address: Smedsvingen 4 Entrance B 1st floor Place: Hvalstad Zip: 1395 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +47 90044104 Website: www.langlee.no...

  16. Ing Arvid Nesheim | Open Energy Information

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    Name: Ing Arvid Nesheim Address: Hoymyrmarka 123A Place: Vollen Zip: 1391 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: 47 951 08 439 Website: www.anwsite.com...

  17. REC ScanWafer AS | Open Energy Information

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    ScanWafer AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: REC ScanWafer AS Place: Hovik, Norway Zip: 1323 Product: Norwegian manufacturer of multicrystalline wafers. Coordinates: 58.002571,...

  18. Scandia Wind Southwest LLC | Open Energy Information

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    partners include; Alpha Wind Energy Aps of Denmark and Havgul clean energy AS of Norway. Coordinates: 44.457965, -88.545764 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  19. Wave Energy AS | Open Energy Information

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    AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wave Energy AS Address: Opstadveien 11C Place: Aalgaard Zip: 4330 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: (+47) 51 6109 30...

  20. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were ... Supporting Information Western Europe Diesel Car Sales Shares, 1999-2011 Country 1999 2000 ...

  1. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Office of Fossil Energy. Five countries supplied U.S. LNG imports during the year: Egypt, Trinidad and Tobago, Nigeria, Norway, and Qatar. (See Figure 1, LNG Imports to the...

  2. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2011, nearly 52% of all new cars sold in Western Europe were diesel. In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were diesels. The market penetration of...

  3. Microsoft Word - LNG_Jan2007.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook

    countries (Equatorial Guinea, Norway, and Yemen). * Recent competition from buyers in ... New supplies are expected to come online in Yemen by late 2008. Again, much of the LNG is ...

  4. SunShot_2012_Ritter_061412

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Time after time, in China and Japan and Canada and Germany and Spain and Oslo - in Norway, in Israel, in all these different places where we had meetings, they kept saying, "The ...

  5. Bellona | Open Energy Information

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    Place: Oslo, Norway Number of Employees: 51-200 Year Founded: 1986 Phone Number: +47 23 23 46 00 Website: www.bellona.org Coordinates: 59.9138204, 10.7387413 Show Map...

  6. HyCore | Open Energy Information

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    HyCore Jump to: navigation, search Name: HyCore Place: Norway Sector: Hydro, Solar Product: JV between Umicore and Norsk Hydro to manufacture solar-grade silicon. References:...

  7. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    12121-6301-03 RPSEA Sugar Land, TX Clearview Subsea LLC, 16223 Park Row, Suite 175. Houston, Harris, Texas; Digitrol, Sao Paulo,Brazil; ProAnalysis, Bergen, Norway; JM Canty,...

  8. Sondre K. Schnell | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean...

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    of Science and Technology, Norway EFRC Research Through the EFRC we have studied CO2 adsorption in the diamine-appended MOF-74 structure. By reducing the adsorption of CO2 in...

  9. CX-012256: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bench-Scale Development of a Non-Aqueous Solvent Carbon Dioxide Capture Process CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/11/2014 Location(s): Norway Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  10. Gallivare PhotoVoltaic AB | Open Energy Information

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    Gallivare PhotoVoltaic AB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gallivare PhotoVoltaic AB Place: Gllivare, Sweden Zip: 982 28 Product: Swedish manufacturer of PV modules at its...

  11. Sol Voltaics AB | Open Energy Information

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    Voltaics AB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sol Voltaics AB Place: Lund, Sweden Zip: 223 70 Sector: Solar Product: QuNano spin-off aimed at developing and commercialising...

  12. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Renewable...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Gudowski, Waclaw (Waclaw Gudowski) - Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden Go back to Individual Researchers ...

  13. CX-012203: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Shelley-New Sweden Parking Lot Flood Control CX(s) Applied: B2.5 Date: 05/22/2014 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy

  14. Nilar | Open Energy Information

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    Nilar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nilar Place: Sweden Product: NiMH Batteries, designed such that good performance of individual cells does not come at the cost of the...

  15. SREL Reprint #3036

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK 2Molecular Biology, Ume University, SE-901 87 Ume, Sweden 3Department of Molecular Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK ...

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - Engaging_Williams

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Tracking TRANSCOM Origin to Destination 2010 STS SNF Shipments FRR via JBC: Germany- 2 casks Turkey- 1 cask Israel- 1 cask Chile- 2 casks Japan- 4 casks Sweden- 1 cask ...

  17. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chiral dynamics and peripheral transverse densities","Granados, Carlos G. Uppsala University (Sweden); Weiss, Christian JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)","2014-01-01T05:0...

  18. BPA Annual Report: 2015 path to success

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and I look forward to the possibilities that lie ahead for us." Massive new transformers built in Sweden head up the Columbia River to the Celilo Converter Station in The...

  19. Interproject Service AB | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    AB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Interproject Service AB Region: Sweden Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: www.ips-ab.com This company is listed in the Marine and...

  20. Biomass Direct Liquefaction Options. TechnoEconomic and Life Cycle Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Tews, Iva J.; Zhu, Yunhua; Drennan, Corinne; Elliott, Douglas C.; Snowden-Swan, Lesley J.; Onarheim, Kristin; Solantausta, Yrjo; Beckman, David

    2014-07-31

    The purpose of this work was to assess the competitiveness of two biomass to transportation fuel processing routes, which were under development in Finland, the U.S. and elsewhere. Concepts included fast pyrolysis (FP), and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL), both followed by hydrodeoxygenation, and final product refining. This work was carried out as a collaboration between VTT (Finland), and PNNL (USA). The public funding agents for the work were Tekes in Finland and the Bioenergy Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy. The effort was proposed as an update of the earlier comparative technoeconomic assessment performed by the IEA Bioenergy Direct Biomass Liquefaction Task in the 1980s. New developments in HTL and the upgrading of the HTL biocrude product triggered the interest in reinvestigating this comparison of these biomass liquefaction processes. In addition, developments in FP bio-oil upgrading had provided additional definition of this process option, which could provide an interesting comparison.