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Sample records for figures figure 2-1

  1. Facts, Figures

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Figures Facts, Figures The Lab's mission is to develop and apply science and technology to ensure the safety, security, and reliability of the U.S. nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Facts, Figures for 2016 People Total employees: 10,500, including approximately: Los Alamos National Security, LLC: 6,850 Centerra-LA (Guard Force): 300 Contractors: 400 Students: 1,100 Unionized craft workers: 880 Post doctoral researchers:

  2. Cancer Facts & Figures - 2010

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... among smokers), certain metals (chromium, cadmium, arsenic), 16 Cancer Facts & Figures 2010 some organic chemicals, radiation, air pollution, and a history of tuberculosis. ...

  3. Microsoft Word - figure_21.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Figure 21. Average citygate price of natural gas in the United States, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual ...

  4. Microsoft Word - figure_25.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Figure 25. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. electric power consumers, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas ...

  5. Microsoft Word - figure_24.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 Figure 24. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. onsystem industrial consumers, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural ...

  6. Microsoft Word - figure_22.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 Figure 22. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. residential consumers, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas ...

  7. Microsoft Word - figure_23.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Figure 23. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. commercial consumers, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual ...

  8. Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Figure 1. Selected average prices of natural gas in the United States, 2010-2014 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 E xports Im ports C itygate dollars per thousand cubic ...

  9. Microsoft Word - Figure_05.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    24 0 1 2 3 4 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 All Storage Fields Other than Salt Caverns Salt Caverns trillion cubic feet Trillion Cubic Feet Figure 5 Note: Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Alaska was added to U.S. total as of January 2013. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA): Form EIA-191, "Monthly Underground Gas Storage Report." Billion Cubic Meters Figure 5. Working gas in underground natural gas storage in the United States, 2013-2016

  10. Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure Working Gas in Underground Storage Compared with 5-Year Range Graph....

  11. Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Gas in Underground Storage Figure Working Gas in Underground Storage Compared with 5-Year Range Graph...

  12. Microsoft Word - Figure_02.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Residential Commercial trillion cubic feet Figure 2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Industrial Electric Power trillion cubic feet Sources: 2013-2015: Energy Information Administration (EIA): Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers"; Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report"; EIA computations; and Natural Gas Annual 2015. January 2016 through current

  13. Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure Working Gas in Underground Storage Compared with 5-Year Range Graph.

  14. Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    42 Figure 14. Net interstate movements, imports, and exports of natural gas in the United States, 2015 (million cubic feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Yemen Norway Egypt Turkey Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI MD DC IN MA MD VA MA CT RI MA MA NH VA DC WA MT ID OR W Y ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada

  15. PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    The PHOBOS Collaboration

    PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data.  See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

  16. PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    The PHOBOS Collaboration

    PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data. See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

  17. Figure2.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Figure2

  18. Figure3.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Figure3

  19. Figure4.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Figure4

  20. Microsoft Word - Figure_13_2015.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    35 2015 Flow Capacity (million cubic feet per day) Figure 13. Principal Interstate Natural Gas Flow Capacity Summary, 2015 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil, Gas, and Coal Supply Statistics. = Direction of Flow = Bi-directional 15,000 12,000 9,000 6,000 3,000 0

  1. Microsoft Word - figure_07-2016.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. Figure 7. U.S. natural gas trade summary, 2011-2015 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Total Imports Total Exports Net Imports trillion cubic feet

  2. Microsoft Word - figure_09_2016.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Canada Mexico Figure 9. Flow of natural gas imports, 2015 (billion cubic feet) Source: Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. 12 50 674 190 United States 6 1 Trinidad/Tobago 12 Norway 6 Yemen 535 420 233 11 133 430 12 9 7 71 3

  3. Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska figurees1.jpg (61418 bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999. Return to the Executive Summary.

  4. I.D I VI Figure

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ~press - ,~,.--;~ 3.1 ,,~-.::;:.--- ~ ( 3.1 ( ;-; t\ I.D I VI Figure 9-1. Location of the original Cypress Grove Set-Aside and the Stave Island and Georgia Power replacement Areas. Set-Aside 9: Cypress Grove, Stave Island, and Georgia Power

  5. Figure correction of multilayer coated optics

    DOEpatents

    Chapman; Henry N. , Taylor; John S.

    2010-02-16

    A process is provided for producing near-perfect optical surfaces, for EUV and soft-x-ray optics. The method involves polishing or otherwise figuring the multilayer coating that has been deposited on an optical substrate, in order to correct for errors in the figure of the substrate and coating. A method such as ion-beam milling is used to remove material from the multilayer coating by an amount that varies in a specified way across the substrate. The phase of the EUV light that is reflected from the multilayer will be affected by the amount of multilayer material removed, but this effect will be reduced by a factor of 1-n as compared with height variations of the substrate, where n is the average refractive index of the multilayer.

  6. Figure F8. Coal demand regions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    9 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Regional maps Figure F8. Coal demand regions Figure F7. Coal Demand Regions CT,MA,ME,NH,RI,VT OH 1. NE 3. S1 4. S2 5. GF 6. OH 7. EN AL,MS MN,ND,SD IA,NE,MO,KS TX,LA,OK,AR MT,WY,ID CO,UT,NV AZ,NM 9. AM 11. C2 12. WS 13. MT 14. CU 15. ZN WV,MD,DC,DE 2. YP Region Content Region Code NY,PA,NJ VA,NC,SC GA,FL IN,IL,MI,WI Region Content Region Code 14. CU 13. MT 16. PC 15. ZN 12. WS 11. C2 9. AM 5. GF 8. KT 4. S2 7. EN 6. OH 2. YP

  7. figure1_solitons.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information figure1_solitons

  8. Figure 1_space.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information Figure 1_space

  9. Sandia National Laboratories: Facts & Figures

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Facts & Figures Sandia's multimission work is represented in a diverse funding portfolio. Budget FY15 Operating $ 2,809.7 million Capital equipment $ 41.0 million Construction $ 29.9 million TOTAL LAB FUNDING $ 2,880.6 million Note: Sandia's fiscal year (FY) runs from October 1 through September 30. Funding by source FY15 NNSA Weapons activities $ 1,576.6 million Defense nuclear nonproliferation $ 143.9 million Other NNSA $ 1.0 million Total NNSA $ 1,721.0 million Non-NNSA DOE Electricity

  10. Microsoft Word - Figure_03_04.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Citygate dollars per thousand cubic feet Figure 3 and 4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 NGPL Composite Spot Price NG Spot Price at Henry Hub dollars per thousand cubic feet Note: Prices are in nominal dollars. Sources: 2013-2015: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Natural Gas Annual 2015. January 2016 through current month: Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of

  11. Figure F2. Electricity market module regions

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    F-3 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Regional maps Figure F2. Electricity market module regions Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis. 1 2 3 4 5 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 6 7 1. ERCT TRE All 2. FRCC FRCC All 3. MROE MRO East 4. MROW MRO West 5. NEWE NPCC New England 6. NYCW NPCC NYC/Westchester 7. NYLI NPCC Long Island 8. NYUP NPCC Upstate NY 9. RFCE RFC East 10. RFCM RFC Michigan 11. RFCW RFC West 12. SRDA

  12. Figure F1. United States Census Divisions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    53 Figure 17. Natural gas delivered to consumers in the United States, 2015 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet trillion cubic feet All Other States Wisconsin Indiana Texas Pennsylvania New Jersey Ohio Michigan Illinois California New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 Residential All Other States Minnesota Massachusetts Pennsylvania New Jersey Ohio Michigan Texas Illinois California New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 Commercial trillion cubic feet Res idential 4,609,670

  13. Figure F7. Coal supply regions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    8 Appendix F Figure F7. Coal supply regions WA ID OR CA NV UT TX OK AR MO LA MS AL GA FL TN SC NC KY VA WV WY CO SD ND MI MN WI IL IN OH MD PA NJ DE CT MA NH VT NY ME RI MT NE IA KS MI AZ NM 500 0 SCALE IN MILES APPALACHIA Northern Appalachia Central Appalachia Southern Appalachia INTERIOR NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS Eastern Interior Western Interior Gulf Lignite Dakota Lignite Western Montana Wyoming, Northern Powder River Basin Wyoming, Southern Powder River Basin Western Wyoming OTHER WEST Rocky

  14. Surface figure control for coated optics

    DOEpatents

    Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K.; Spence, Paul A.; Kanouff, Michael P.

    2001-01-01

    A pedestal optical substrate that simultaneously provides high substrate dynamic stiffness, provides low surface figure sensitivity to mechanical mounting hardware inputs, and constrains surface figure changes caused by optical coatings to be primarily spherical in nature. The pedestal optical substrate includes a disk-like optic or substrate section having a top surface that is coated, a disk-like base section that provides location at which the substrate can be mounted, and a connecting cylindrical section between the base and optics or substrate sections. The optic section has an optical section thickness.sup.2 /optical section diameter ratio of between about 5 to 10 mm, and a thickness variation between front and back surfaces of less than about 10%. The connecting cylindrical section may be attached via three spaced legs or members. However, the pedestal optical substrate can be manufactured from a solid piece of material to form a monolith, thus avoiding joints between the sections, or the disk-like base can be formed separately and connected to the connecting section. By way of example, the pedestal optical substrate may be utilized in the fabrication of optics for an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography imaging system, or in any optical system requiring coated optics and substrates with reduced sensitivity to mechanical mounts.

  15. Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency September 28, 2010 - 10:20am Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Recovery Act funded ...

  16. Volume_III_App_A_Figures_Chapter2

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Plains & Eastern EIS Figure 2.1-1: Converter Station General Layout 0 50 100 Miles OKLAHOMA ARKANSAS NE W M EX IC O T N COLORADO MISSOURI KANSAS MISSISSIPPI LOUISIANA TEXAS A R Arkansas AC Interconnection Siting Area Oklahoma AC Interconnection Siting Area Future Optima Substation Region 4 Link 3 Variation 2 Lee Creek Variation Oklahoma Converter Station Siting Area Arkansas Converter Station Siting Area Tennessee Converter Station Siting Area Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5

  17. Figure 1. Project Area, Focused Study Area, Potential Access...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Page 4 of 8 Figure 1. Project Area, Focused Study Area, Potential Access Agreement Land, and Land Not Suitable for Conveyance...

  18. Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

  19. Canada Mexico Figure 11. Flow of natural gas exports, 2014

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 Canada Mexico Figure 11. Flow of natural gas exports, 2014 (billion cubic feet) Source: Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. ...

  20. Figure F5. Oil and gas supply model regions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    6 Appendix F Figure F5. Oil and gas supply model regions Figure F4. Oil and Gas Supply Model Regions Atlantic WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA VT Northeast (1) Gulf of Mexico Gulf Coast (2) Midcontinent (3) Rocky Mountain (5) West Coast (6) Pacific Offshore North Slope AK TX TX NM TX Southwest (4) Onshore North Slope Other Alaska Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of

  1. Figure F6. Natural gas transmission and distribution model regions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    7 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Regional maps Figure F6. Natural gas transmission and distribution model regions 218 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Figure F5. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model Regions Pacifi c (9) Moun tain (8) CA (12) AZ/N M (11) W. North Centr al (4) W. South Centr al (7) E. South Centr al (6) E. North Centr al (3) S. Atlan tic (5) FL (10) Mid. Atlan tic (2) New Engl. (1) W. Canad a E.

  2. BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" A finite set of results reported in consistent units * To track progress of individual projects on a consistent basis * To enable comparing projects in a transparent manner Potential BILIWG Figures of Merit Key BILI Distributed Reforming Targets * Cost ($/kg of H2): H2A analysis - Distributed reforming station,1000 kg/day ave./daily dispensed, 5000/6250 psi (and 10,000/12,000 psi) dispensing, 500 units/yr. * nth unit vs. 500 units/yr ? * production

  3. Polarized Ion Beams in Figure-8 Rings of JLab's MEIC

    SciTech Connect

    Derbenev, Yaroslav; Lin, Fanglei; Morozov, Vasiliy; Zhang, Yuhong; Kondratenko, Anatoliy; Kondratenko, M.A.; Filatov, Yury

    2014-07-01

    The Medium-energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) proposed by Jefferson Lab is designed to provide high polarization of both colliding beams. One of the unique features of JLab's MEIC is figure-8 shape of its rings. It allows preservation and control of polarization of all ion species including small-anomalous-magnetic-moment deuterons during their acceleration and storage. The figure-8 design conceptually expands the capability of obtaining polarized high-energy beams in comparison to conventional designs because of its property of having no preferred periodic spin direction. This allows one to control effectively the beam polarization by means of magnetic insertions with small field integrals. We present a complete scheme for preserving the ion polarization during all stages of acceleration and its control in the collider's experimental straights.

  4. NOvA (Fermilab E929) Official Plots and Figures

    DOE Data Explorer

    The NOvA collaboration, consisting of 180 researchers across 28 institutions and managed by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), is developing instruments for a neutrino-focused experiment that will attempt to answer three fundamental questions in neutrino physics: 1) Can we observe the oscillation of muon neutrinos to electron neutrinos; 2) What is the ordering of the neutrino masses; and 3) What is the symmetry between matter and antimatter? The collaboration makes various data plots and figures available. These are grouped under five headings, with brief descriptions included for each individual figure: Neutrino Spectra, Detector Overview, Theta12 Mass Hierarchy CP phase, Theta 23 Delta Msqr23, and NuSterile.

  5. Figure F3. North American Electric Reliability Corporation regions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Regional maps Figure F2. Electricity market module regions Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis. 1 2 3 4 5 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 6 7 1. ERCT TRE All 2. FRCC FRCC All 3. MROE MRO East 4. MROW MRO West 5. NEWE NPCC New England 6. NYCW NPCC NYC/Westchester 7. NYLI NPCC Long Island 8. NYUP NPCC Upstate NY 9. RFCE RFC East 10. RFCM RFC Michigan 11. RFCW RFC West 12. SRDA

  6. Fermilab E866 (NuSea) Figures and Data Plots

    DOE Data Explorer

    None

    The NuSea Experiment at Fermilab studied the internal structure of protons, in particular the difference between up quarks and down quarks. This experiment also addressed at least two other physics questions: nuclear effects on the production of charmonia states (bound states of charm and anti-charm quarks) and energy loss of quarks in nuclei from Drell-Yan measurements on nuclei. While much of the NuSea data are available only to the collaboration, figures, data plots, and tables are presented as stand-alone items for viewing or download. They are listed in conjunction with the published papers, theses, or presentations in which they first appeared. The date range is 1998 to 2008. To see these figures and plots, click on E866 publications or go directly to http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/papers.html. Theses are at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866theses/e866theses.html and the presentations are found at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866talks/e866talks.html. Many of the items are postscript files.

  7. Natural Gas Processing Plants in the United States: 2010 Update / Figure 7

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    7. Natural Gas Processing Plants in Alaska, 2009 Figure 7. Natural Gas Processing Plants in Alaska, 2009

  8. 9-D polarized proton transport in the MEIC figure 8 collider ring - first steps

    SciTech Connect

    Meot, F.; Morozov, V. S.

    2015-05-03

    Spin tracking studies in the MEIC figure-8 collider ion ring are presented, based on a very preliminary design of the lattice. They provide numerical illustrations of some of the aspects of the figure-8 concept, including spin-rotator based spin control, and lay out the path towards a complete spin tracking simulation of a figure-8 ring.

  9. 9-D polarized proton transport in the MEIC figure-8 collider ring: first steps

    SciTech Connect

    Meot, F.; Morozov, V. S.

    2014-10-24

    Spin tracking studies in the MEIC figure-8 collider ion ring are presented, based on a very preliminary design of the lattice. They provide numerical illustrations of some of the aspects of the figure-8 concept, including spin-rotator based spin control, and lay out the path towards a complete spin tracking simulation of a figure-8 ring.

  10. STAR (Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    The STAR Collaboration

    The primary physics task of STAR is to study the formation and characteristics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of matter believed to exist at sufficiently high energy densities. STAR consists of several types of detectors, each specializing in detecting certain types of particles or characterizing their motion. These detectors work together in an advanced data acquisition and subsequent physics analysis that allows final statements to be made about the collision. The STAR Publications page provides access to all published papers by the STAR Collaboration, and many of them have separate links to the figures and data found in or supporting the paper. See also the data-rich summaries of the research at http://www.star.bnl.gov/central/physics/results/. [See also DDE00230

  11. BRAHMS (Broad Range Hadron Magnetic Spectrometer) Figures and Data Archive

    DOE Data Explorer

    The BRAHMS experiment was designed to measure charged hadrons over a wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum to study the reaction mechanisms of the relativistic heavy ion reactions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the properties of the highly excited nuclear matter formed in these reactions. The experiment took its first data during the RHIC 2000 year run and completed data taking in June 2006. The BRAHMS archive makes publications available and also makes data and figures from those publications available as separate items. See also the complete list of publications, multimedia presentations, and related papers at http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/publications.html

  12. Figure 1. Project Area, Focused Study Area, Potential Access Agreement Land, and Land Not

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Page 4 of 8 Figure 1. Project Area, Focused Study Area, Potential Access Agreement Land, and Land Not Suitable for Conveyance

  13. The application of a figure of merit for nuclear explosive utility...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: The application of a figure of merit for nuclear explosive utility as metric for material attractiveness in a nuclear material theft scenario Citation Details ...

  14. Natural Gas Processing Plants in the United States: 2010 Update / Figure 2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    2. Processing Plant Capacity and Percent of Total U.S. Capacity, 2009 Figure 2. Processing Plant Capacity and Percent of Total U.S. Capacity, 2009

  15. Natural Gas Processing Plants in the United States: 2010 Update / Figure 1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    1. Natural Gas Processing Plants and Production Basins, 2009 Figure 1. Natural Gas Processing Plants and Production Basins, 2009 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, GasTran Natural Gas Transportation Information System

  16. Natural Gas Processing Plants in the United States: 2010 Update / Figure 4

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    4. Natural Gas Processing Plants, Production Basins, and Plays in the Gulf of Mexico States, 2009 Figure 4. Natural Gas Processing Plants, Production Basins, and Plays in the Gulf of Mexico States,

  17. Natural Gas Processing Plants in the United States: 2010 Update / Figure 5

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    5. Natural Gas Processing Plants, Production Basins, and Plays in the Rocky Mountain States and California, 2009 Figure 5. Natural Gas Processing Plants, Production Basins, and Plays in the Rocky Mountain States and California,

  18. Natural Gas Processing Plants in the United States: 2010 Update / Figure 6

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    6. Natural Gas Processing Plants, Production Basins, and Plays in the Midwestern and Eastern States, 2009 Figure 6. Natural Gas Processing Plants, Production Basins, and Plays in the Midwestern and Eastern States,

  19. Development of ion beam figuring system with electrostatic deflection for ultraprecise X-ray reflective optics

    SciTech Connect

    Yamada, Jumpei; Matsuyama, Satoshi Sano, Yasuhisa; Yamauchi, Kazuto

    2015-09-15

    We developed an ion beam figuring system that utilizes electrostatic deflection. The system can produce an arbitrary shape by deterministically scanning the ion beam. The scan of the ion beam, which can be precisely controlled using only an electrical signal, enables us to avoid degradation of the mirror shape caused by imperfect acceleration or deceleration of a mechanically scanning stage. Additionally, this surface figuring method can easily be combined with X-ray metrology because the workpiece remains fixed during the figuring. We evaluated the figuring accuracy of the system by fabricating a plano-elliptical mirror for X-ray focusing. A mirror with a shape error of 1.4 nm root mean square (RMS) with a maximum removal depth of 992 nm, which corresponds to figuring accuracy of 0.14% RMS, was achieved. After the second shape corrections, an elliptical shape with a shape error of approximately 1 nm peak-to-valley, 0.48 nm RMS could be fabricated. Then, the mirror surface was smoothed by a low-energy ion beam. Consequently, a micro-roughness of 0.117 nm RMS, measured by atomic force microscopy, was achieved over an area of 1 × 1 μm{sup 2}.

  20. Natural Gas Processing Plants in the United States: 2010 Update / Figure 3

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3. Natural Gas Processing Plants Utilization Rates Based on 2008 Flows Figure 3. Natural Gas Processing Plants Utilization Rates Based on 2008 Flows Note: Average utilization rates are based on 2008 flows and 2009 capacity, which were used as a proxy for 2009 and reported 2009 capacity reported on Form EIA-757.

  1. Rare earth-doped materials with enhanced thermoelectric figure of merit

    DOEpatents

    Venkatasubramanian, Rama; Cook, Bruce Allen; Levin, Evgenii M.; Harringa, Joel Lee

    2016-09-06

    A thermoelectric material and a thermoelectric converter using this material. The thermoelectric material has a first component including a semiconductor material and a second component including a rare earth material included in the first component to thereby increase a figure of merit of a composite of the semiconductor material and the rare earth material relative to a figure of merit of the semiconductor material. The thermoelectric converter has a p-type thermoelectric material and a n-type thermoelectric material. At least one of the p-type thermoelectric material and the n-type thermoelectric material includes a rare earth material in at least one of the p-type thermoelectric material or the n-type thermoelectric material.

  2. Long range self-assembly of polythiophene breath figures: Optical and morphological characterization

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Routh, Prahlad K.; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Venkatesh, T. A.; Cotlet, Mircea

    2015-09-01

    Large area, device relevant sized microporous thin films are formed with commercially available polythiophenes by the breath figure technique, a water-assisted micro patterning method, with such semitransparent thin films exhibiting periodicity and uniformity dictated by the length of the polymer side chain. Compared to drop casted thin films, the microporous thin films exhibit increased crystallinity due to stronger packing of the polymer inside the honeycomb frame.

  3. A Framework for Geometric Reasoning About Human Figures and Factors in Assembly Processes

    SciTech Connect

    Calton, Terri L.

    1999-07-20

    Automatic assembly sequencing and visualization tools are valuable in determining the best assembly sequences, but without Human Factors and Figure Models (HFFMs) it is difficult to evaluate or visualize human interaction. In industry, accelerating technological advances and shorter market windows have forced companies to turn to an agile manufacturing paradigm. This trend has promoted computerized automation of product design and manufacturing processes, such as automated assembly planning. However, all automated assembly planning software tools assume that the individual components fly into their assembled configuration and generate what appear to be perfectly valid operations, but in reality some operations cannot physically be carried out by a human. For example, the use of a ratchet may be reasoned feasible for an assembly operation; however, when a hand is placed on the tool the operation is no longer feasible, perhaps because of inaccessibility, insufficient strength or human interference with assembly components. Similarly, human figure modeling algorithms may indicate that assembly operations are not feasible and consequently force design modifications, however, if they had the capability to quickly generate alternative assembly sequences, they might have identified a feasible solution. To solve this problem, HFFMs must be integrated with automated assembly planning which allows engineers to quickly verify that assembly operations are possible and to see ways to make the designs even better. This paper presents a framework for integrating geometry-based assembly planning algorithms with commercially available human figure modeling software packages. Experimental results to selected applications along with lessons learned are presented.

  4. Nuclear Detection Figure Of Merit (NDFOM) Version 1.2 User's Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Stroud, Phillip D; Dufresne, Thomas A.

    2012-08-27

    NDFOM is a detector database and detector evaluation system, accessible as a web service. It runs on the same server as the Patriot service, but uses port 8081. In this user's guide, we will use the example case that the patriot service is running on http://patriot.lanl.gov. Then the NDFOM service would be accessible at the URL http://patriot.lanl.gov:8081/ndfom. In addition to local server installations, common server locations are 1) a patriot server running on a virtual machine (use the virtual machine URL with :8081/ndfom), and 2) a patriot server running on a local machine (use http://localhost:8081/ndfom or http://127.0.0.1:8081/ndfom). The home screen provides panels to select detectors, a scenario, and a figure-of-merit. It also has an 'analyze' button, which will evaluate the selected figure-of-merit for the selected detectors, for the scenario selected by the user. The detector effectiveness evaluations are presented through the browser in a ranked list of detectors. The user does not need to log in to perform analysis with pre-supplied detectors, scenarios, and FOMs. The homepage view is shown in Figure 1. The first panel displays a list of the detectors in the current detector database. The user can select one, some, or all detectors to evaluate. On the right of each listed detector, there is a star icon. Clicking that icon will open a panel that displays the details about that detector, such as detector material, dimensions, thresholds, etc. The center panel displays the pre-supplied scenarios that are in the database. A scenario specifies the source of interest, the spectrum of the radiation, the background radiation spectrum, the distance or distance of closest approach, the allowable false positive rate, and the dwell time or speed. Scenario details can be obtained by clicking the star to the right of a scenario. A scenario can be selected by clicking it.

  5. High thermoelectric figure of merit in nanocrystalline polyaniline at low temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    Nath, Chandrani; Kumar, Ashok E-mail: okram@csr.res.in; Kuo, Yung-Kang; Okram, Gunadhor Singh E-mail: okram@csr.res.in

    2014-09-29

    Thermoelectric coolers with figure of merit (ZT) close to unity at low temperatures are the need of the hour with new advances in high temperature superconductors, superconducting microelectronic circuits, quantum computers, and photonics. Here, we demonstrate that the conducting polymer polyaniline (Pani) doped with camphor sulfonic acid synthesized in semi-crystalline nanostructures, possesses a giant Seebeck effect at low temperatures. The resulting enormously large Seebeck coefficient (up to 0.6 V/K) combined with an intrinsically low electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity give rise to a ZT = 0.77 at 45 K and ZT = 2.17 at 17 K.

  6. Method and system for optical figuring by imagewise heating of a solvent

    DOEpatents

    Rushford, Michael C.

    2005-08-30

    A method and system of imagewise etching the surface of a substrate, such as thin glass, in a parallel process. The substrate surface is placed in contact with an etchant solution which increases in etch rate with temperature. A local thermal gradient is then generated in each of a plurality of selected local regions of a boundary layer of the etchant solution to imagewise etch the substrate surface in a parallel process. In one embodiment, the local thermal gradient is a local heating gradient produced at selected addresses chosen from an indexed array of addresses. The activation of each of the selected addresses is independently controlled by a computer processor so as to imagewise etch the substrate surface at region-specific etch rates. Moreover, etching progress is preferably concurrently monitored in real time over the entire surface area by an interferometer so as to deterministically control the computer processor to image-wise figure the substrate surface where needed.

  7. Gamma and neutron detection modeling in the nuclear detection figure of merit (NDFOM) portal

    SciTech Connect

    Stroud, Phillip D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Saeger, Kevin J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The Nuclear Detection Figure Of Merit (NDFOM) portal is a database of objects and algorithms for evaluating the performance of radiation detectors to detect nuclear material. This paper describes the algorithms used to model the physics and mathematics of radiation detection. As a first-principles end-to-end analysis system, it starts with the representation of the gamma and neutron spectral fluxes, which are computed with the particle and radiation transport code MCNPX. The gamma spectra emitted by uranium, plutonium, and several other materials of interest are described. The impact of shielding and other intervening material is computed by the method of build-up factors. The interaction of radiation with the detector material is computed by a detector response function approach. The construction of detector response function matrices based on MCNPX simulation runs is described in detail. Neutron fluxes are represented in a three group formulation to treat differences in detector sensitivities to thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons.

  8. PHENIX (Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment): Data Tables and Figures from Published Papers

    DOE Data Explorer

    The PHENIX Experiment is the largest of the four experiments currently taking data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. PHENIX, the Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment, is an exploratory experiment for the investigation of high energy collisions of heavy ions and protons. PHENIX is designed specifically to measure direct probes of the collisions such as electrons, muons, and photons. The primary goal of PHENIX is to discover and study a new state of matter called the Quark-Gluon Plasma. More than 60 published papers and preprints are listed here with links to the full text and separate links to the supporting PHENIX data in plain text tables and to EPS and GIF figures from the papers.

  9. Multiple-Filled Skutterudites: High Thermoelectric Figure of Merit through Separately Optimizing Electrical and Thermal Transports

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Weiqing; Yang, Jiong; Yang, Jihui; Wang, Hsin; Salvador, James R.; Shi, Xun; Chi, Miaofang; Cho, Jung Y; Bai, Shengqiang; Chen, Lidong

    2011-01-01

    Skutterudites CoSb{sub 3} with multiple cofillers Ba, La, and Yb were synthesized and very high thermoelectric figure of merit ZT = 1.7 at 850 K was realized. X-ray diffraction of the densified multiple-filled bulk samples reveals all samples are phase pure. High-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis confirm that multiple guest fillers occupy the nanoscale-cages in the skutterudites. The fillers are further shown to be uniformly distributed and the Co-Sb skutterudite framework is virtually unperturbed from atomic scale to a few micrometers. Our results firmly show that high power factors can be realized by adjusting the total filling fraction of fillers with different charge states to reach the optimum carrier density, at the same time, lattice thermal conductivity can also be significantly reduced, to values near the glass limit of these materials, through combining filler species of different rattling frequencies to achieve broad-frequency phonon scattering. Therefore, partially filled skutterudites with multiple fillers of different chemical nature render unique structural characteristics for optimizing electrical and thermal transports in a relatively independent way, leading to continually enhanced ZT values from single- to double-, and finally to multiple-filled skutterudites. The idea of combining multiple fillers with different charge states and rattling frequencies for performance optimization is also expected to be valid for other caged TE compounds.

  10. Phase transition enhanced thermoelectric figure-of-merit in copper chalcogenides

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, David R.; Day, Tristan; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Borup, Kasper A.; Christensen, Sebastian; Iversen, Bo B.

    2013-11-01

    While thermoelectric materials can be used for solid state cooling, waste heat recovery, and solar electricity generation, low values of the thermoelectric figure of merit, zT, have led to an efficiency too low for widespread use. Thermoelectric effects are characterized by the Seebeck coefficient or thermopower, which is related to the entropy associated with charge transport. For example, coupling spin entropy with the presence of charge carriers has enabled the enhancement of zT in cobalt oxides. We demonstrate that the coupling of a continuous phase transition to carrier transport in Cu{sub 2}Se over a broad (360–410 K) temperature range results in a dramatic peak in thermopower, an increase in phonon and electron scattering, and a corresponding doubling of zT (to 0.7 at 406 K), and a similar but larger increase over a wider temperature range in the zT of Cu{sub 1.97}Ag{sub .03}Se (almost 1.0 at 400 K). The use of structural entropy for enhanced thermopower could lead to new engineering approaches for thermoelectric materials with high zT and new green applications for thermoelectrics.

  11. Test procedures and protocols: Their relevance to the figure of merit for thermal distribution systems. Volume 1: Informal report

    SciTech Connect

    Andrews, J.W.

    1993-09-01

    A conceptual framework is developed that categorizes measurement protocols for forced-air thermal distribution systems in small buildings. This framework is based on the distinction between two generic approaches. The {open_quote}system-comparison{close_quote} approach seeks to determine, via a pair of whole-house energy-use measurements, the difference in energy use between the house with the as-found duct system and the same house with no energy losses attributable to the thermal distribution system. The {open_quote}component loss-factor{close_quote} approach identifies and measures the individual causes of duct losses, and then builds up a value for the net overall duct efficiency, usually with the help of computer simulation. Examples of each approach are analyzed and related to a proposed Figure of Merit for thermal distribution systems. This Figure of Merit would serve as the basis for a Standard Method of Test analogous to those already in place for furnaces, boilers, air conditioners, and heat pumps.

  12. Extracting grain-orientation-dependent data from in situ time-of-flight neutron diffraction. I. Inverse pole figures

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Stoica, Grigoreta M.; Stoica, Alexandru Dan; An, Ke; Ma, Dong; Vogel, S. C.; Carpenter, J. S.; Wang, Xun-Li

    2014-11-28

    The problem of calculating the inverse pole figure (IPF) is analyzed from the perspective of the application of time-of flight neutron diffraction toin situmonitoring of the thermomechanical behavior of engineering materials. On the basis of a quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) method, a consistent set of grain orientations is generated and used to compute the weighting factors for IPF normalization. The weighting factors are instrument dependent and were calculated for the engineering materials diffractometer VULCAN (Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory). The QMC method is applied to face-centered cubic structures and can be easily extended to other crystallographic symmetries. Examples includemore » 316LN stainless steelin situloaded in tension at room temperature and an Al–2%Mg alloy, substantially deformed by cold rolling and in situannealed up to 653 K.« less

  13. MECS Fuel Oil Figures

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Consumption Survey (MECS): Consumption of Energy; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM): Statistics for Industry...

  14. Enhancement of thermoelectric figure of merit in β-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} by indium doping control

    SciTech Connect

    Wei, Pai-Chun E-mail: cheny2@phys.sinica.edu.tw; Hsu, Chia-Hao; Chang, Chung-Chieh; Chen, Cheng-Lung; Wu, Maw-Kuen; Chen, Yang-Yuan E-mail: cheny2@phys.sinica.edu.tw; Yang, Chun-Chuen; Chen, Jeng-Lung; Sankar, Raman; Chou, Fang-Cheng; Chen, Chi-Liang; Dong, Chung-Li; Chen, Kuei-Hsien

    2015-09-21

    We demonstrate the control of phase composition in Bridgman-grown β-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} crystals by indium doping, an effective way to overcome the difficulty of growing very pure β-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} thermoelectric material. The crystal structures are characterized by Rietveld refinement with synchrotron X-ray diffraction data. The results show an anisotropic lattice expansion in In-doped β-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} wherein the zinc atoms are partially substituted by indium ones at 36f site of R-3c symmetry. Through the elimination of ZnSb phase, all the three individual thermoelectric properties are simultaneously improved, i.e., increasing electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient while reducing thermal conductivity. Under an optimal In concentration (x = 0.05), pure phase β-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} crystal can be obtained, which possesses a high figure of merit (ZT) of 1.4 at 700 K.

  15. Figures and Data Plots from the Published Papers of the BELLE Experiment at the KEK - B Factory

    DOE Data Explorer

    This resource provides more than 300 citations to preprints and papers with the figures from each one pulled out separately for easy access and downloading. These are physics publications. Be sure to also see the page of Technical Journal publications at http://belle.kek.jp/belle/bellenim/index.htm and the lists of conference presentations from 2000 through 2009. Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the international Belle Collaboration. The original Letter of Intent from the Collaboration stated their scientific goal as follows:

    The laws of nature have a high degree of symmetry between matter and antimatter; violations of this symmetry, the so-called CP violations, are only seen as a small effect in the decays of neutral K mesons. Although experimental evidence for CP violation was first observed 30 years ago, we still do not understand how they occur. In 1973, Kobayashi and Maskawa (KM) noted that CP violation could be accommodated in the Standard Model only if there were at least six quark flavors, twice the number of quark flavors known at that time. The KM model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. In 1980, Sanda and Carter pointed out that the KM model contained the possibility of rather sizable CP violating asymmetries in certain decay modes of the B meson. The subsequent observation of a long b quark lifetime and a large amount of mixing in the neutral B meson system indicated that it would be feasible to carry out decisive tests of the KM model by studying B meson decays. Our collaboration has been formed around the common interest of clarifying the long standing physics puzzle of CP violation. Our goal is to make a definitive test of the Standard ModelÆs predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. [Copied, with editing, from Letter of Intent (KEK-Report94-2, April 1994); see http

  16. Figures and Data Plots from the Published Papers of the BELLE Experiment at the KEK - B Factory

    DOE Data Explorer

    This resource provides more than 300 citations to preprints and papers with the figures from each one pulled out separately for easy access and downloading. These are physics publications. Be sure to also see the page of Technical Journal publications at http://belle.kek.jp/belle/bellenim/index.htm and the lists of conference presentations from 2000 through 2009. Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the international Belle Collaboration. The original Letter of Intent from the Collaboration stated their scientific goal as follows:

    The laws of nature have a high degree of symmetry between matter and antimatter; violations of this symmetry, the so-called CP violations, are only seen as a small effect in the decays of neutral K mesons. Although experimental evidence for CP violation was first observed 30 years ago, we still do not understand how they occur. In 1973, Kobayashi and Maskawa (KM) noted that CP violation could be accommodated in the Standard Model only if there were at least six quark flavors, twice the number of quark flavors known at that time. The KM model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. In 1980, Sanda and Carter pointed out that the KM model contained the possibility of rather sizable CP violating asymmetries in certain decay modes of the B meson. The subsequent observation of a long b quark lifetime and a large amount of mixing in the neutral B meson system indicated that it would be feasible to carry out decisive tests of the KM model by studying B meson decays. Our collaboration has been formed around the common interest of clarifying the long standing physics puzzle of CP violation. Our goal is to make a definitive test of the Standard Models predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. [Copied, with editing, from Letter of Intent (KEK-Report94-2, April 1994); see http

  17. A Critical Examination of Figure of Merit (FOM). Assessing the Goodness-of-Fit in Gamma/X-ray Peak Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Croft, S.; Favalli, Andrea; Weaver, Brian Phillip; Williams, Brian J.; Burr, Thomas Lee; Henzlova, Daniela; McElroy, R. D.

    2015-10-06

    In this paper we develop and investigate several criteria for assessing how well a proposed spectral form fits observed spectra. We consider the classical improved figure of merit (FOM) along with several modifications, as well as criteria motivated by Poisson regression from the statistical literature. We also develop a new FOM that is based on the statistical idea of the bootstrap. A spectral simulator has been developed to assess the performance of these different criteria under multiple data configurations.

  18. Record figure of merit values of highly stoichiometric Sb2Te3 porous bulk synthesized from tailor-made molecular precursors in ionic liquids

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Heimann, Stefan; Schulz, Stephan; Schaumann, Julian; Mudring, Anja; Stötzel, Julia; Maculewicz, Franziska; Schierning, Gabi

    2015-08-06

    We report on the synthesis of Sb2Te3 nanoparticles with record-high figure of merit values of up to 1.5. The central thermoelectric parameters, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient, were independently optimized. Critical influence of porosity for the fabrication of highly efficient thermoelectric materials is firstly demonstrated, giving a strong guidance for the optimization of other thermoelectric materials.

  19. Surfactant-Free Synthesis of Bi2Te3-Te Micro-Nano Heterostructure with Enhanced Thermoelectric Figure of Merit

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Yichi; Wang, Heng; Kraemer, Stephan; Shi, Yifeng; Zhang, Fan; Snedaker, Matt; Ding, Kunlun; Moskovits, Martin; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Stucky, Galen D.

    2011-03-21

    An ideal thermoelectric material would be a semiconductor with high electrical conductivity and relatively low thermal conductivity: an “electron crystal, phonon glass”. Introducing nanoscale heterostructures into the bulk TE matrix is one way of achieving this intuitively anomalous electron/phonon transport behavior. The heterostructured interfaces are expected to play a significant role in phonon scattering to reduce thermal conductivity and in the energy-dependent scattering of electrical carriers to improve the Seebeck coefficient. A nanoparticle building block assembly approach is plausible to fabricate three-dimensional heterostructured materials on a bulk commercial scale. However, a key problem in applying this strategy is the possible negative impact on TE performance of organic residue from the nanoparticle capping ligands. Herein, we report a wet chemical, surfactant-free, low-temperature, and easily up-scalable strategy for the synthesis of nanoscale heterophase Bi₂Te₃-Te via a galvanic replacement reaction. The micro-nano heterostructured material is fabricated bottom-up, by mixing the heterophase with commercial Bi₂Te₃. This unique structure shows an enhanced zT value of ~0.4 at room temperature. This heterostructure has one of the highest figures of merit among bismuth telluride systems yet achieved by a wet chemical bottom-up assembly. In addition, it shows a 40% enhancement of the figure of merit over our lab-made material without nanoscale heterostructures. This enhancement is mainly due to the decrease in the thermal conductivity while maintaining the power factor. Overall, this cost-efficient and room-temperature synthesis methodology provides the potential for further improvement and large-scale thermoelectric applications.

  20. EIS_Summary_TextandFigures

    Energy Saver

    ... (kV) high voltage direct current (HVDC) electric transmission system and ... an approximate 720-mile, 600kV HVDC transmission line; an alternating current ...

  1. Microsoft Word - figure_04.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    11 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 T e x a s P e n n s y l v a n i a O k l a h o m a L o u i s i a n a W y o m i n g C o l o r a d o G u l f o f M e x i c o N e w M e x i c o A r k a n s a s W e ...

  2. Microsoft Word - figure_03.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Oil and Gas Reserves"; PointLogic Energy; Ventyx; and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and predecessor agencies. IN OH TN WV VA KY MD PA NY VT NH MA CT ME RI ...

  3. Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 32.9 0.5 0.3 3.4 2.625 0.071 1.054 0.701 27.1 1.7 3.7 3.2 2.3 3.2 7.5 ...

  4. Figure2b.eps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... except the bare Coulomb interaction is replaced by the screened Coulomb interac- tion: W GG ' (q ; ) -1 GG ' (q ; )v(q + G ' ) where v is the bare Coulomb interaction. ...

  5. Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    May 2016 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Monthly 4 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 3.50 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 ...

  6. Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 4 6 8 10 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Po wer Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and ...

  7. Sandia National Laboratories: Facts & Figures

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Total DOE Funding 1,917.0 million Strategic Partnership Projects (Work for Others) DoD 730.9 million DHS 56.9 million Other federal agencies 103.9 million Non-federal ...

  8. All-optical logic gate based on transient grating from disperse red 1 doped organic-inorganic hybrid films with an improved figure of merit

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, Tianxi; Que, Wenxiu Shao, Jinyou; Wang, Yushu

    2015-10-21

    Azobenzene dyes have large refractive index near their main resonance, but the poor figure of merit (FOM) limits their potential for all-optical applications. To improve this situation, disperse red 1 (DR1) molecules were dispersed in a sol-gel germanium/Ormosil organic-inorganic hybrid matrix. Z-scan measurement results showed a good compatibility between the dopant and the matrix, and also, an improved FOM was obtained as compared to the DR1/polymer films reported previously. To demonstrate the all-optical signal processing effect, a cw Nd:YAG laser emitting at 532 nm and a He-Ne laser emitting at 632.8 nm were used as pump and probe beams, respectively. DR1 acts as an initiator of the photo-induced transient holographic grating, which is attributed to the trans-cis-trans photoisomerization. Thus, a three inputs AND all-optical logic gate was achieved by using choppers with different frequencies. The detailed mechanism of operation is discussed. These results indicate that the DR1 doped germanium/Ormosil organic-inorganic hybrid film with an improved FOM has a great potential in all-optical devices around its main resonance.

  9. Record figure of merit values of highly stoichiometric Sb2Te3 porous bulk synthesized from tailor-made molecular precursors in ionic liquids

    SciTech Connect

    Heimann, Stefan; Schulz, Stephan; Schaumann, Julian; Mudring, Anja; Stötzel, Julia; Maculewicz, Franziska; Schierning, Gabi

    2015-08-06

    We report on the synthesis of Sb2Te3 nanoparticles with record-high figure of merit values of up to 1.5. The central thermoelectric parameters, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient, were independently optimized. Critical influence of porosity for the fabrication of highly efficient thermoelectric materials is firstly demonstrated, giving a strong guidance for the optimization of other thermoelectric materials.

  10. Feasibility studies for the development of petroleum areas. Integrated exploitation project of the fields in the area north of Santa Cruz. Volume 2. Tables and figures. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-03-01

    The report, generated by Scientific Software-Intercomp, Inc. for Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales Bolivianos, documents the results of a feasibility study which addressed the viability of developing petroleum areas in Bolivia. The primary objective of the project was to describe the reservoirs that have been discovered and their reserves, describe which would be the best alternatives for development of these reservoirs, and to determine the best alternatives for development of all the reserves together. The report, volume 2 of 4 contains Tables and Figures.

  11. Microsoft Word - figure_12-2015.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline Exports LNG Exports LNG Re-exports * In 2013, 115 million cubic feet (Mcf) of compressed natural gas (CNG) were exported to Canada. ** In 2014, 217 Mcf of CNG were ...

  12. Microsoft Word - figure_10_2015.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Pipeline Imports LNG Imports * In 2014, 303 million cubic feet of compressed natural gas (CNG) were imported from Canada. Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of ...

  13. Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999. Return to the Executive Summary.

  14. BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland.

  15. Figure 8. Technically Recoverable and Commercially Developable...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    the Alaska North Slope fig8.jpg (38547 bytes) Source: United States Geological Survey, "Economics of Undiscovered Oil in the 1002 Area of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge," 1998

  16. Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    68.6 47.3 29.6 20.4 13.5 6.2 1973-2016 Alaska 3.5 10.2 18.0 23.6 30.8 38.3 2013-2016 Lower 48 States 69.7 47.8 29.7 20.3 13.4 6.0 2011-2016 Alabama 163.9 67.0 26.8 15.0 -4.6 -10.7 1996-2016 Arkansas -40.3 -34.0 -28.2 -25.9 -12.7 -4.4 1991-2016 California -3.3 -2.8 -7.1 -7.7 -10.5 -11.3 1991-2016 Colorado 10.8 14.3 13.5 7.7 7.2 4.4 1991-2016 Illinois 15.1 8.8 2.0 3.4 -0.3 -0.7 1991-2016 Indiana 56.6 45.0 34.1 23.1 14.8 4.5 1991-2016 Iowa 10.2 2.7 -9.5 -20.0 -20.3 -13.7 1991-2016 Kansas 52.9 59.7

  17. Figure 1. Census Regions and Divisions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    US Federal Regions>

  18. High figure of merit and thermoelectric properties of Bi-doped Mg{sub 2}Si{sub 0.4}Sn{sub 0.6} solid solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Wei; Zhang, Qiang; Yin, Kang; Chi, Hang; Zhou, Xiaoyuan; Tang, Xinfeng; Uher, Ctirad

    2013-07-15

    The study of Mg{sub 2}Si{sub 1−x}Sn{sub x}-based thermoelectric materials has received widespread attention due to a potentially high thermoelectric performance, abundant raw materials, relatively low cost of modules, and non-toxic character of compounds. In this research, Mg{sub 2.16}(Si{sub 0.4}Sn{sub 0.6}){sub 1−y}Bi{sub y} solid solutions with the nominal Bi content of 0≤y≤0.03 are prepared using a two-step solid state reaction followed by spark plasma sintering consolidation. Within this range of Bi concentrations, no evidence of second phase segregation was found. Bi is confirmed to occupy the Si/Sn sites in the crystal lattice and behaves as an efficient n-type dopant in Mg{sub 2}Si{sub 0.4}Sn{sub 0.6}. Similar to the effect of Sb, Bi doping greatly increases the electron density and the power factor, and reduces the lattice thermal conductivity of Mg{sub 2.16}Si{sub 0.4}Sn{sub 0.6} solid solutions. Overall, the thermoelectric figure of merit of Bi-doped Mg{sub 2.16}Si{sub 0.4}Sn{sub 0.6} solid solutions is improved by about 10% in comparison to values obtained with Sb-doped materials of comparable dopant content. This improvement comes chiefly from a marginally higher Seebeck coefficient of Bi-doped solid solutions. The highest ZT∼1.4 is achieved for the y=0.03 composition at 800 K. - Graphical abstract: (a)The relationship between electrical conductivity and power factor for Sb/Bi-doped Mg{sub 2.16}(Si{sub 0.4}Sn{sub 0.6}){sub 1−y}(Sb/Bi){sub y} (0figure of merit ZT of Mg{sub 2.16}(Si{sub 0.4}Sn{sub 0.6}){sub 1−y}Bi{sub y} (0≤y≤0.03) solid solutions. - Highlights: • Bi doped Mg{sub 2.16}Si{sub 0.4}Sn{sub 0.6} showed 15% enhancement in the power factor as compared

  19. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data Plots and Figures...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    science or data quality condition is associated with some other parameter (e.g., high wind or rain).taken from http:www.arm.govdatadataplots.stm Several interfaces and ...

  20. Adjoint-Based Implicit Uncertainty Analysis for Figures of Merit...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The LIFE (Laser Inertial Fusion Energy) engine is a concept being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Various options exist for the LIFE blanket, depending on the ...

  1. EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Table-Figure Notes and Sources

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... website www.epa.govttnchiefconferenceei16session3k.weitz.pdf; and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Reducing Particle Pollution," website www.epa.govoar...

  2. Adjoint-Based Implicit Uncertainty Analysis for Figures of Merit...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Neutron transport results that are central to the operation of the design are tritium ... Resource Relation: Conference: Presented at: 15th International Conference on Emerging ...

  3. Ion polarization in the MEIC figure-8 ion collider ring

    SciTech Connect

    V.S. Morozov, Ya.S. Derbenev, Y. Zhang, P. Chevtsov, A.M. Kondratenko, M.A. Kondratenko, Yu.N. Filatov

    2012-07-01

    The nuclear physics program envisaged at the Medium-energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) currently being developed at the Jefferson Lab calls for collisions of 3-11 GeV/c longitudinally polarized electrons and 20-100 GeV/c, in equivalent proton momentum, longitudinally/ transversely polarized protons/ deuterons/ light ions. We present a scheme that provides the required ion polarization arrangement in the MEIC's ion collider ring.

  4. Microsoft Word - 1 Cover - No Figure.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Ko, B. A. Li, and Y. G. Ma Hot medium effects on J ... Based on the in-medium spectral function that describes ... in either a fast extraction or a maximum efficiency ...

  5. Microsoft Word - 1 Cover - No Figure.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 - March 31, 2014 CYCLOTRON INSTITUTE Texas A&M University College Station, Texas PROGRESS IN RESEARCH APRIL 1, 2013- MARCH 31, 2014 Prepared By The Cyclotron Institute Staff Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3366 Phone: (979) 845-1411 Fax: (979) 845-1899 Web: http://cyclotron.tamu.edu June 2014 i TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ............................................................................................................................................... xi

  6. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data Plots and Figures

    DOE Data Explorer

    ARM Program data is available in daily diagnostic plots that can be easily grouped into daily, weekly, monthly, and even yearly increments. By visualizing ARM data in thumbnail-sized data plots, users experience highly-browsable subsets of data available at the Data Archive including complimentary data products derived from data processed by ARM. These thumbnails allow users to quickly scan for a particular type of condition, like a clear day or a day with persistent cirrus. From a diagnostics perspective, the data plots assist in looking for missing data, for data exceeding a particular range, or for loading multiple variables (e.g., shortwave fluxes and precipitation), and to determine whether a certain science or data quality condition is associated with some other parameter (e.g., high wind or rain).[taken from http://www.arm.gov/data/data_plots.stm] Several interfaces and tools have been developed to make data plots easy to generate and manipulate. For example, the NCVWeb is an interactive NetCDF data plotting tool that ARM users can use to plot data as they order it or to plot regular standing data orders. It allows production of detailed tables, extraction of data, statistics output, comparison plotting, etc. without the need for separate visualization software. Users will be requested to create a password, but the data plots are free for viewing and downloading.

  7. Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. ... of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999.

  8. Development of ion beam figuring system with electrostatic deflection...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    After the second shape corrections, an elliptical shape with a shape error of ... Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO ...

  9. revised MS A5-ROR text+figures

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Transcriptional Regulation of Apolipoprotein A5 Gene Expression by the Nuclear Receptor ... In the present study, we identified the orphan nuclear receptor ROR as a regulator of ...

  10. Figure 17. Natural gas delivered to consumers in the United...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    New Jersey Mississippi Louisiana Georgia Alabama Pennsylvania New York California Florida Texas 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 Electric Power Note: Vehicle fuel volume for 2015 ...

  11. Figure 3. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 95 Percent Probability of Recovering 5.7 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil from the ANWR Coastal Plain of Alaska fig3.jpg (32189 bytes)

  12. Figure 8. Technically Recoverable and Commercially Developable Oil

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8. Technically Recoverable and Commercially Developable Oil at 95 Percent, Mean, and 5 Percent Probabilities for Given Oil Prices as a Percentage of Technically Recoverable Oil for the ANWR 1002 Area of the Alaska North Slope fig8.jpg (38547 bytes) Source: United States Geological Survey, "Economics of Undiscovered Oil in the 1002 Area of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge," 1998

  13. Figure F4. Liquid fuels market module regions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    5 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Regional maps Maritime Canada Caribbean PADD V - other PADD II lakes PADD V - California PADD V - other PADD III - Gulf PADD III - inland PADD I PADD II - inland PADD IV Trinidad & Tobago Newfoundland Nova Scotia New Brunswick Puerto Rico Trinidad & Tobago Newfoundland Nova Scotia New Brunswick Puerto Rico LFMM regions PADD I PADD II inland PADD II lakes PADD III Gulf PADD III inland PADD IV PADD V California PADD V

  14. Figure 7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the...

  15. Figure 5. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 5 Percent Probability of Recovering 16.0 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil from the ANWR Coastal Plain of...

  16. Figure 6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the...

  17. Figure 3. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 95 Percent Probability of Recovering 5.7 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil from the ANWR Coastal Plain of...

  18. Figure 5. PCs and Terminals per Thousand Employees, 1992 and...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 File Last Modified: April 20, 1999 Contact: alan.swenson@eia.doe.gov Alan Swenson URL: http:www.eia.govemeuconsumptionconsumption briefsempl9295.htm For help with...

  19. Figure 3. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1995

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    File Last Modified: April 20, 1999 Contact: alan.swenson@eia.doe.gov Alan Swenson URL: consumptioncommercialdataarchivecbecsconsumptionbriefssqft1995.htm For help...

  20. Figure 2. PCs and Terminals per Thousand Employees, 1995

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 File Last Modified: April 20, 1999 Contact: alan.swenson@eia.doe.gov Alan Swenson URL: "consumptioncommercialdataarchivecbecsconsumptionbriefsempl1995.htm" For help...

  1. Volume_III_App_A_Figures_Chapter4

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0 20 30 40 Miles Z O N E A Z O N E B Z O N E C ZONE D Z O N E E ZONE F Z O N E G Z O N E H ZONE I ZONE J ZON E K Z O N E L Oklahoma AC Interconnection Siting Area Future Optima Substation SE 2 S W 1 W 1 NE 2 E 1 NE 1 S W 2 E 2 SE 1 E 3 SE 3 NW 1 NW 2 Oklahoma Converter Station Siting Area REGION 1 APR LINK 3 REGION 1 APR LINK 1 REGION 1 APR LINK 5 REGION 1 APR LINK 4 REGION 1 APR LINK 2 CO LO RA DO KA NS AS CO LO RA DO OK LA HO MA KAN SAS OKL AHO MA OK LAH OM A TEX AS 83 54 287 TEXAS 15 TEXAS 23

  2. RELAP5-3D Developmental Assessment: Comparison of Versions 4.3.4i and 4.2.1i

    SciTech Connect

    Bayless, Paul David

    2015-10-01

    Figures have been generated comparing the parameters used in the developmental assessment of the RELAP5-3D code using versions 4.3.4i and 4.2.1i. The figures, which are the same as those used in Volume III of the RELAP5-3D code manual, compare calculations using the semi-implicit solution scheme with available experiment data. These figures provide a quick, visual indication of how the code predictions changed between these two code versions and can be used to identify cases in which the assessment judgment may need to be changed in Volume III of the code manual. Changes to the assessment judgments made after reviewing all of the assessment cases are also provided.

  3. RELAP5-3D Developmental Assessment: Comparison of Versions 4.2.1i and 4.1.3i

    SciTech Connect

    Paul D. Bayless

    2014-06-01

    Figures have been generated comparing the parameters used in the developmental assessment of the RELAP5-3D code using versions 4.2.1i and 4.1.3i. The figures, which are the same as those used in Volume III of the RELAP5-3D code manual, compare calculations using the semi-implicit solution scheme with available experiment data. These figures provide a quick, visual indication of how the code predictions changed between these two code versions and can be used to identify cases in which the assessment judgment may need to be changed in Volume III of the code manual. Changes to the assessment judgments made after reviewing all of the assessment cases are also provided.

  4. Cytoplasmic Domain Structures of Kir2.1 and Kir3.1 Shows Sites for

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Modulating Gating and Rectification Cytoplasmic Domain Structures of Kir2.1 and Kir3.1 Shows Sites for Modulating Gating and Rectification Scott Pegan1, Christine Arrabit2, Wei Zhou1, Witek Kwiatkowski1, Anthony Collins3, Paul Slesinger2 and Senyon Choe1 Structural Biology1 and Peptide Biology2 Laboratories, The Salk Institute, La Jolla, Ca 92037; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences3, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 Figure 1. Kir2.1 cytoplasmic domain's

  5. RELAP5-3D Developmental Assessment: Comparison of Version 4.2.1i on Linux and Windows

    SciTech Connect

    Paul D. Bayless

    2014-06-01

    Figures have been generated comparing the parameters used in the developmental assessment of the RELAP5-3D code, version 4.2i, compiled on Linux and Windows platforms. The figures, which are the same as those used in Volume III of the RELAP5-3D code manual, compare calculations using the semi-implicit solution scheme with available experiment data. These figures provide a quick, visual indication of how the code predictions differ between the Linux and Windows versions.

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - EPA_CERCLA Process Figure.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

  7. Figure 1. Annual and Cumulative Growth in U.S. Wind Power Capacity

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Energy Penetration in the Twenty Countries with the Greatest Installed Wind Power Capacity" ,"Approximate","Approximate","Approximate","Approximate","Approximate","Ap...

  8. Figure 1. Annual and Cumulative Growth in U.S. Wind Power Capacity

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4. Approximate Wind Energy Penetration in the Countries with the Greatest Installed Wind Power Capacity" ,"Approximate","Approximate",,"Approximate" ,"Cumulative ...

  9. Enhancing the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste Heat Recovery

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Good ZT can occur in non-traditional TE material structure. Ordered layer for charger carrier and disordered layer for phonon scattering is probably a good way to get high ZT.

  10. Josephson device with tunneling barrier having low density of localized states and enhanced figures of merit

    SciTech Connect

    Kroger, H.

    1984-12-25

    A superconducting tunnel junction device having superconductive electrodes has a non-homogeneous barrier layer of amorphous semiconductive material, wherein when the central region is deposited in the presence of a gaseous atmosphere containing hydrogen there obtains a reduced density of localized states in the central region of the barrier so as to minimize leakage currents, resulting in improved current-voltage characteristics approximating an ideal tunnel junction device. The low leakage currents improve margins of Josephson logic circuits over tunneling barriers using uniformly deposited hydrogenated silicon with niobium electrodes, and increase the sensitivity of S-I-S microwave and millimeter wave length detectors and mixers. In a preferred embodiment, superconductive electrodes of niobium are conjoined with a tri-layer barrier using pure silicon adjoining the electrodes and a core of hydrogenated amorphous silicon. V /SUB m/ parameters of merit (product of subgap resistance and critical current) as high as 28 mV at 4.2K were obtained with this embodiment, compared with 10 mV for the prior art.

  11. Plasmonic Figures of Merit in a Doped Graphene Sheet | MIT-Harvard...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in peer-reviewed international journals including Science, Nature Materials, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Photonics, Nature Communications, and Physical Review Letters

  12. White Paper Powering Sustainable Low-Carbon Economies: Some Fact and Figures

    SciTech Connect

    Gilles J. Youinou

    2015-04-01

    In 2011, the world production of electricity was about 22.1 trillion kilowatt-hour1 (kWhe): 9.1 from coal, 4.8 from gas, 2.6 from nuclear, 1.1 from oil, 3.5 from hydropower and 1.0 from other sources (geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels). With a world population of about 7 billion in 2011, it corresponds to an average of 3,160 kWhe/year/capita. While most industrialized countries enjoy a high standard of living with, at least, 8,000 kWhe per year and per person, most developing countries live with less than 3,000 kWhe per year per person. The need for electricity is growing fast, especially in developing countries, and by 2040 the world production of electricity is projected to reach about 40 trillion kWhe.2 Assuming a world population of 10 billion and an average consumption of 6,000 kWhe per year per person in 2100 the world annual production of electricity could reach 60 trillion kWhe.

  13. Half-heusler alloys with enhanced figure of merit and methods of making

    DOEpatents

    Ren, Zhifeng; Yan, Xiao; Joshi, Giri; Chen, Shuo; Chen, Gang; Poudel, Bed; Caylor, James Christopher

    2015-06-02

    Thermoelectric materials and methods of making thermoelectric materials having a nanometer mean grain size less than 1 micron. The method includes combining and arc melting constituent elements of the thermoelectric material to form a liquid alloy of the thermoelectric material and casting the liquid alloy of the thermoelectric material to form a solid casting of the thermoelectric material. The method also includes ball milling the solid casting of the thermoelectric material into nanometer mean size particles and sintering the nanometer size particles to form the thermoelectric material having nanometer scale mean grain size.

  14. Figure 1 Interferometery.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Technical Information Interferometery.png

  15. Figure 1.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information .jpg

  16. Figure 2 (bottom).gif | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information (bottom).gif

  17. Figure 2 (top).gif | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information (top).gif

  18. Figure 2 Interferometery.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Technical Information Interferometery.png

  19. Figure 3 Interferometery.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Technical Information Interferometery.png

  20. Figure 3.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information 3

  1. Figure 3_400.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information _400

  2. Figure 4 (left).jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information (left)

  3. Figure 4.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information .jpg

  4. Figure 5 Interferometery.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Technical Information Interferometery.png

  5. Figure 5.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information .jpg

  6. Figure 6 Interferometery.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Technical Information 6 Interferometery.png

  7. Improvement in the Thermoelectric Figure of Merit by La/Ag Cosubstitut...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The chains feature the combination of two asymmetric units Ta(2)S(11) and AsS(3) and exhibit strong nonlinear optical (NLO) second harmonic generation (SHG) response. ...

  8. Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1002 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. Potentially Productive Reservoirs and Plays Assessed by the USGS are Indicated fig2.jpg (30091 bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999.

  9. Plots and Figures from the Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) at Fermilab

    DOE Data Explorer

    MINOS, or Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search, is an experiment at Fermilab designed to study the phenomena known as neutrino oscillations. It uses a beam of neutrino particles produced by the NuMI beamline facility - Neutrinos at the Main Injector. The beam of neutrinos is sent through the two MINOS detectors, one at Fermilab and one in the Soudan Mine in northern Minnesota. The Minos for Scientists page provides a link to the data plots that are available to the public and also provides explanations for some of the recent results of the experiment. Another links leads to a long listing of MINOS publications in refereed journals. Photo galleries are found by checking the links on the left menu.

  10. PROJECT NAME/ID",,,"Jobs figures to report",,"October 2010 Report...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... ,1945,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,0 ,1946,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,0 ,1947,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,0 ,1948,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,0 ,1949,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0...

  11. Enhancing the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Materials;Phonon Blocking & DOS Engineering Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Thermoelectrics

  12. Figure 2.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information 2

  13. Figure 6.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information 6

  14. EECBG Success Story: Finding Six-Figure ROI from Energy Efficiency

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Huntington, New York is installing new energy efficient street lights to reduce the city's electricity use by 947,000 kWh, thanks to an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant. Learn more.

  15. Figure 5. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 5 Percent

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Probability of Recovering 16.0 Billion Barrels 5. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 5 Percent Probability of Recovering 16.0 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil from the ANWR Coastal Plain of Alaska fig5.jpg (3770

  16. Figure 6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of Technically

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Recoverable Oil 6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the Alaska North Slope fig6.jpg (41132

  17. Figure 7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate of Technically

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Recoverable Oil 7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the Alaska North Slope fig7.jpg (43335 bytes) Source

  18. Figure 6. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1992 and...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    File Last Modified: April 20, 1999 Contact: alan.swenson@eia.doe.gov Alan Swenson URL: consumptioncommercialdataarchivecbecsconsumptionbriefssqft9295.htm For help...

  19. Apparatus and method for deterministic control of surface figure during full aperture polishing

    DOEpatents

    Suratwala, Tayyab Ishaq; Feit, Michael Dennis; Steele, William Augustus

    2013-11-19

    A polishing system configured to polish a lap includes a lap configured to contact a workpiece for polishing the workpiece; and a septum configured to contact the lap. The septum has an aperture formed therein. The radius of the aperture and radius the workpiece are substantially the same. The aperture and the workpiece have centers disposed at substantially the same radial distance from a center of the lap. The aperture is disposed along a first radial direction from the center of the lap, and the workpiece is disposed along a second radial direction from the center of the lap. The first and second radial directions may be opposite directions.

  20. Microsoft Word - ORNL_ADCP_POST_PROCESSING_CODES_FINAL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    by the particle (Figure 2.6). Hence, Equation (2.1) becomes: 2 (2.2) Figure 2.5 Sound wave transmission and reflection by particles (Simpson 2001). Figure 2.6 Reflected pulse...

  1. Annual Transuranic Waste Inventory Report - 2013

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Page 4 of 382 Table of Figures Figure 1-1. U.S. Department of Energy TRU Waste Generator Sites ... 17 Figure 2-1. TRU Waste Inventory Process Flowchart...

  2. Yucca Mountain transportation routes: Preliminary characterization and risk analysis; Volume 2, Figures [and] Volume 3, Technical Appendices

    SciTech Connect

    Souleyrette, R.R. II; Sathisan, S.K.; di Bartolo, R.

    1991-05-31

    This report presents appendices related to the preliminary assessment and risk analysis for high-level radioactive waste transportation routes to the proposed Yucca Mountain Project repository. Information includes data on population density, traffic volume, ecologically sensitive areas, and accident history.

  3. TOUGH V2.1

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2011-06-01

    TOUGH2 is a numerical simulator for nonisothermal flows of multicomponent, multiphase fluids in one-, two-, and three-dimensional porous and fracture media. The chief applications for which TOUGH2 is designed are in geothermal reservoir engineering, nuclear waste disposal, environmental assessment and remediation, geologic carbon sequestration, and unsaturated and saturated zone hydrology. The TOUGH2 V2.1 package is an upgrade of TOUGH2 V2.0 (CR-1574) and includes the following improvements and enhancements relative to TOUGH2 V2.0: - Includes allmore » known bug fixes - The module TMVOC (CR-1820) is fully integrated - The module ECO2N (CR-2202) is fully integrated - A fluid property module ECO2M has been added, that can seamlessly model CO2 storage and leakage scenarios, including transitions between super- and sub-critical fluids, and phase changes between liquid and gaseous CO2. The TOUGH2 V2.1 package also supports all legacy fluid property modules, i.e., those packaged into TOUGH2 V2.0 (CR-1574), which includes T2VOC (CR-1254).« less

  4. Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... 2 1.1 SOLAR ASSUMPTIONS ... MICROBIAL ELECTROLYSIS CELL (MEC) SYSTEM ......... 3 Figure 1-3. ETR vs. ...

  5. Starlite figures of merit for tokamak current drive - economic analysis of pulsed and steady state power plants with various engineering and physics performance parameters

    SciTech Connect

    Ehst, D.A.

    1995-09-01

    The physics efficiency of current drive ({gamma}{sub B} {proportional_to} n{sub e} I{sub o} R{sub o}/P{sub CD}), including the bootstrap effect, needs to exceed certain goals in order to provide economical steady state operation compared to pulsed power plants. The goal for {gamma}{sub B} depends not only on engineering performance of the current drive system, but also on normalized beta and the effective safety factor of the achievable MHD equilibrium.

  6. Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ......... 196 iv List of Figures Figure 1. Power plant size ... 29 Figure 15. Overnight capital costs-solar thermal ......

  7. Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 3

    SciTech Connect

    1995-04-01

    This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

  8. CESP Tool 2.1: Stakeholder Matrix | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1: Stakeholder Matrix CESP Tool 2.1: Stakeholder Matrix Tool 2.1: Stakeholder Matrix from Step 2: Identify and Engage Stakeholders of the Guide to Community Energy Strategic Planning. CESP Tool 2.1: Stakeholder Matrix (27.87 KB) More Documents & Publications Guide to Community Energy Strategic Planning: Step 2 Guide to Community Energy Strategic Planning CESP Tool 9.1: Monitoring Plan Template

  9. EVMS Training Snippet: 2.1 Contract Performance Report (CPR)...

    Energy Saver

    EVMS Training Snippet: 2.1 Contract Performance Report (CPR) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR): Purpose and Uses This EVMS Training Snippet, sponsored by the Office of ...

  10. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Team Meeting Proceedings, Daytona Beach, Florida, March 14-18, 2005 Figure 2. 1-km visible ... of Tropical Anvils and Cirrus Layers-Florida Area Cirrus Experiment. (http:...

  11. DOE-HDBK-1140-2001, Human Factors/Ergonomics Handbook for the...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... A hypothetical equipment design maximizing unit independence...... 8 Figure 2.1.2 Unitization of a module for easy replacement of low reliability components ...

  12. University of Kansas: Technical Design Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Coursework in structural analysis and FEA Business plan development Blade ... Angle of Attack, (deg) Lift Coefficient, C l Figure 2.1: SG6040 Lift Coefficient Data 2 ...

  13. Department of Energy Offers $2.1 Billion Conditional Commitment...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    commitment for a 2.1 billion loan guarantee to support Units 1 and 2 of the Blythe Solar Power Project, sponsored by Solar Trust of America, LLC. The concentrating solar thermal ...

  14. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B2.1 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1 Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B2.1 Existing Regulations B2.1: Workplace enhancements Modifications within or contiguous to an existing structure, in a previously disturbed or developed area, to enhance workplace habitability (including, but not limited to, installation or improvements to lighting, radiation shielding, or heating/ventilating/air conditioning and its instrumentation, and noise reduction). Previous Regulations Categorical Exclusion Determinations dated before November

  15. CULTURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE NEVADA TEST SITE

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.5 Nevada Test Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... FIGURES Figure 1.1 Nevada Test Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

  16. DOE-2 supplement: Version 2.1E

    SciTech Connect

    Winkelmann, F.C.; Birdsall, B.E.; Buhl, W.F.; Ellington, K.L.; Erdem, A.E.; Hirsch, J.J.; Gates, S.

    1993-11-01

    This publication updates the DOE-2 Supplement form version 2.1D to version to 2.1E. It contains detailed discussions and instructions for using the features and enhancements introduced into the 2.1B, 2.1C, 2.1D, and 2.1E versions of the program. The building description section contains information on input functions in loads and systems, hourly report frequencies, saving files of hourly output for post processing, sharing hourly report data among program modules, the metric option, and input macros and general library features. The loads section contains information on sunspaces, sunspace modeling, window management and solar radiation, daylighting, trombe walls, fixed shades, fins and overhangs, shade schedules, self shades, heat distribution from lights, the Sherman-Grimsrud infiltrations method. terrain and height modification to wind speed, floor multipliers and interior wall types, improved exterior infrared radiation loss calculation, improved outside air film conductance calculation, window library, window frames, and switchable glazing. The systems section contains information on energy end use and meters, powered induction units, a packaged variable volume -- variable temperature system, a residential variable volume -- variable temperature system, air source heat pump enhancements, water loop heat pump enhancements, variable speed electric heat pump, gas heat pumps, hot water heaters, evaporative cooling, total gas solid-desiccant systems, add on desiccant cooling, water cooled condensers, evaporative precoolers outside air economizer control, optimum fan start, heat recovery from refrigerated case work, night ventilation, baseboard heating, moisture balance calculations, a residential natural ventilation algorithm, improved cooling coil model, system sizing and independent cooling and heating sizing ratios. The plant section contains information on energy meters, gas fired absorption chillers, engine driven compressor chillers, and ice energy storage.

  17. Particle creation in (2+1) circular dust collapse

    SciTech Connect

    Gutti, Sashideep; Singh, T. P.

    2007-09-15

    We investigate the quantum particle creation during the circularly symmetric collapse of a 2+1 dust cloud, for the cases when the cosmological constant is either zero or negative. We derive the Ford-Parker formula for the 2+1 case, which can be used to compute the radiated quantum flux in the geometric optics approximation. It is shown that no particles are created when the collapse ends in a naked singularity, unlike in the 3+1 case. When the collapse ends in a Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole, we recover the expected Hawking radiation.

  18. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Surface Characterization Data for the ARM SGP CART Site Submitter: Cialella, A. T., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Surface Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 The ARM External Data Center (XDC) is continually searching for surface characterization data for the ARM CART sites. These data can provide a better understanding of geophysical parameters, allowing for more accurate parameterization

  19. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water at MCTEX Submitter: Liljegren, J. C., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Integrated water vapor and cloud liquid water measurements were obtained during the Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment (MCTEX) by Eugene Clothiaux and Tom Ackerman

  20. ASEAM2.1. Simplified Building Energy Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Firevoid, J.A.; Willman, A.J.

    1987-10-01

    ASEAM2.1 is a modified bin temperature program for calculating the energy consumption of residential and simple commercial buildings. It can be used to evaluate the individual or combined effects of various energy design strategies. Algorithms include heating and cooling load calculations based on a methodology documented by the ASHRAE Technical Committee on Energy Calculation (TC4.7) and HVAC system and plant calculation routines with options to size heating and cooling equipment and air flows. HVAC systems are configured by selecting among the various available system types, control options, heating plants, and cooling plants. ASEAM2.1 primarily employs ASHRAE (WYEC) bin weather data; however, it is capable of alternatively using the DOD (AF88) or Battelle (TRY) bin weather data. The user can also supply as input bin weather data from other sources, if desired. Basic system types included are: a double duct or multizone unit, a terminal reheat unit, a variable air volume (VAV) system, a ceiling bypass VAV system, a variable temperature single zone system, a 2 pipe or 4 pipe fan coil system, a water/air heat pump system, and a packaged terminal air conditioner unit. In addition, ASEAM2.1 contains: baseboard heaters, a furnace system, unitary heater, and a heating and ventilation unit. Available cooling plant types are: direct expansion, centrifugal chiller, absorption chiller, district chilled water, double bundle chiller, cooling tower and reciprocating chiller. Five heating plant types are available: electric resistance, hot water or steam boiler, district steam or hot water from a central plant system, forced hot air furnace, and an air to air heat pump or double bundle chiller. Two life cycle cost programs, FBLCC and NBSLCC, developed by the National Bureau of Standards, are integrated into ASEAM2.1.

  1. Completion Report for Well ER-2-1

    SciTech Connect

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-10-01

    Well ER-2-1 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (formerly Nevada Operations Office), in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in February and March of 2003, as part of a hydrogeologic investigation program for the Yucca Flat/Climax Mine Corrective Action Unit in the northeastern portion of the Nevada Test Site. Well ER-2-1 was drilled as part of the Yucca Flat Corrective Action Unit Phase I drilling initiative. The well is located in north central Yucca Flat within Area 2 of the Nevada Test Site, and provided information regarding the radiological and physical environment near underground nuclear tests conducted in a saturated volcanic aquifer setting. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and 83 sidewall samples taken at various depths between 113.7 and 754.4 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, chemical, and mineralogical studies of rock samples were conducted on 27 samples of drill cuttings. The well was collared in tuffaceous alluvium, and penetrated Tertiary-age tuffs of the Timber Mountain and Paintbrush Groups, Calico Hills and Wahmonie Formations, Crater Flat Group, Grouse Canyon Formation, before reaching total depth in the Tunnel Bed Formation.

  2. Gravitationally collapsing shells in (2+1) dimensions

    SciTech Connect

    Mann, Robert B.; Oh, John J.

    2006-12-15

    We study gravitationally collapsing models of pressureless dust, fluids with pressure, and the generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG) shell in (2+1)-dimensional spacetimes. Various collapse scenarios are investigated under a variety of the background configurations such as anti-de Sitter (AdS) black hole, de Sitter (dS) space, flat and AdS space with a conical deficit. As with the case of a disk of dust, we find that the collapse of a dust shell coincides with the Oppenheimer-Snyder type collapse to a black hole provided the initial density is sufficiently large. We also find - for all types of shell - that collapse to a naked singularity is possible under a broad variety of initial conditions. For shells with pressure this singularity can occur for a finite radius of the shell. We also find that GCG shells exhibit diverse collapse scenarios, which can be easily demonstrated by an effective potential analysis.

  3. 3-hydroxy-2(1H)-pyridinone chelating agents

    DOEpatents

    Raymond, Kenneth N.; Xu, Jide

    1997-01-01

    Disclosed is a series of improved metal chelating agents, which are highly effective upon both injection and oral administration; several of the most effective are of low toxicity. These chelating agents incorporate within their structure 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) and 3-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (3,2-HOPO) moieties with a substituted carbamoyl group ortho to the hydroxy or oxo groups of the hydroxypyridinone ring. The electron-withdrawing carbamoyl group increases the acidity of the hydroxypyridinones. In the metal complexes of said chelating agents, the amide protons form very strong hydrogen bonds with its adjacent HOPO oxygen donor, making these complexes very stable at physiological conditions. The terminal N-substituents provides a certain degree of lipophilicity to said 3,2-HOPO, increasing oral activity. Also disclosed is a method of making the chelating agents and a method of producing a known compound, 3-hydroxy-1-alkyl-2(1H)pyridinone, used as a precursor to the chelating agent, safely and in large quantities.

  4. 3-hydroxy-2(1H)-pyridinone chelating agents

    DOEpatents

    Raymond, K.N.; Xu, J.

    1997-04-29

    Disclosed is a series of improved metal chelating agents, which are highly effective upon both injection and oral administration; several of the most effective are of low toxicity. These chelating agents incorporate within their structure 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) and 3-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (3,2-HOPO) moieties with a substituted carbamoyl group ortho to the hydroxy or oxo groups of the hydroxypyridinone ring. The electron-withdrawing carbamoyl group increases the acidity of the hydroxypyridinones. In the metal complexes of the chelating agents, the amide protons form very strong hydrogen bonds with its adjacent HOPO oxygen donor, making these complexes very stable at physiological conditions. The terminal N-substituents provides a certain degree of lipophilicity to the 3,2-HOPO, increasing oral activity. Also disclosed is a method of making the chelating agents and a method of producing a known compound, 3-hydroxy-1-alkyl-2(1H)pyridinone, used as a precursor to the chelating agent, safely and in large quantities. 2 figs.

  5. OE Report_rev0420.indd

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... * High-voltage direct converter stations (HVDC) (Figure 2) * Static Volt Ampere Reactive ... Figure 2. High-voltage direct converter (HVDC) (Courtesy: Siemens AG) Figure 3. ...

  6. cripe-98.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    this figure, please see http:wwwarm.govdocsdocuments technicalconf9803cripe-98.pdf.) Session Papers 182 Figure 2. Same as Figure 1, only this time relaxation forcing was...

  7. Attachment N

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... LIST OF FIGURES Figure Title Figure N-1 Panel Area Flow Figure N-2 VOC Monitoring System ... CLP Contract Laboratory Program COC concentration of concern CRQL contract-required ...

  8. SANDIA REPORT SAND96-1198 UC-403 Unlimited Release

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Water vapor flux across liquid islands driven by ... 19 Predicted and measured steady-state water content profiles of the capped Simulated ...

  9. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Residual Stocks Figure 5. Stocks of Residual Fuel Oil

  10. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 Propane Stocks Figure 6. Stocks of Propane/Propylene

  11. U.S. Geographic Analysis of the Cost of Hydrogen from Electrolysis

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Two of these results are shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8. Figure 7. ISO New England winter electricity price classification Figure 8. ISO New England 2011 summer electricity pricing ...

  12. Study Shows Carbon Emission Reductions from City Energy Actions...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    See Figure 2. Graphic with figure 2 images. The results show regional variation in the ... See Figure 3. Graphic of figure 3 images. Key Considerations from the Study Based on the ...

  13. XOP 2.1 - a new version of the x-ray optics software toolkit...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    XOP 2.1 - a new version of the x-ray optics software toolkit. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: XOP 2.1 - a new version of the x-ray optics software toolkit. No abstract ...

  14. Utah UC 54-2-1, Public Utilities Definitions | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2-1, Public Utilities Definitions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Utah UC 54-2-1, Public Utilities...

  15. TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PLAN

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... OTM Advanced Power Cycle Research Focus Area ............ 51 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1-1. CCS and Power ...

  16. Microsoft Word - N0064700-April 2004 version.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ......... 51 Figure 2. Injection and Monitoring Location at Pilot Test Area 0514...... 52 Figure 3. Injection and Monitoring ...

  17. Incorporation of crop phenology in Simple Biosphere Model (SiBcrop) to improve land-atmosphere carbon exchanges from croplands

    SciTech Connect

    Lokupitiya, Erandathie; Denning, Scott; Paustian, Keith; Baker, Ian; Schaefer, Kevin; Verma, Shashi; Meyers, Tilden; Bernacchi, Carl; Suyker, Andrew; Fischer, Marc

    2009-02-10

    In the original paper a mistake in Figure 11 occurred. The corrected version of the figure is provided.

  18. Verification Monitoring Report

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ......... 7 Figure 4. Uranium Concentrations in Background Wells ......... 14 Figure 6. Uranium Concentrations Wells 0612 and 0633 ...

  19. Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... S-24 Figure S-16. Latent Cancer Fatalities Among Workers ...... S-26 Figure S-17. Public Latent Cancer Fatalities (Excluding ...

  20. 2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building FAQs: 2003-2007 Comparison Graphs

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    FAQs: 2003-2007 Comparison Graphs Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 Jump to: Figure 1 | Figure 2 | Figure 3 | Figure 4 | Figure 5 Figure 1 Number of Large Hospital Buildings and 95% Confidence Intervals by Census Region, 2003 and 2007 Figure 2 Total Floorspace and 95% Confidence Intervals in Large Hospital Buildings by Census Region, 2003 and 2007 Figure 3 Major Fuel Intensity and 95% Confidence Intervals by Census Region, 2003 and 2007

  1. Full Text of the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study...

    Energy Saver

    ... Fuel price assumptions are shown below in Figures 2-1 and ... case (east)-For the long term, the EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2006 low price case forecast for 2008-2015 was used as ...

  2. DOI-BLM-UT-W020-2009-0028-EA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    lease numbers UTU-86778, 86779, 86780, and 86781. The project is located just south of Fish Springs Flat in Juab County, Utah (Figures 2-1 and 2-2). No right-of-way grants would...

  3. D I S C L A I M E

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... . . 58 6.2.1 Theory 58 6.2.2 Experimental Test of the Cubic Law . . . . . . . . . 59 6.3 ... 41 Figure 5-14. Guide to Selection of Well Test Techniques for Permeability Measurements . ...

  4. Dipole-strength

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The use of the 100% linearly polarized -ray beam at the free electron laser allows for very ... List of Figures viii 1 Introduction 1 2 Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence 9 2.1 ...

  5. Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Non...

    Energy Saver

    ... Figure 2.4.2-1: Lattice Cell Tower with Multiple Panel ... on the importation of petroleum products to supply its ... sources such as geothermal, solar, and wind technologies. ...

  6. Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Non...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... Figure 2.4.2-1: Lattice Cell Tower with Multiple Panel ... gas or coal and has no petroleum production or refineries ... island aside from a few solar photovoltaic units, solar ...

  7. Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tas version 9.2.1.7

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the Tas version 9.2.1.7 qualified computer software and federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings.

  8. Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tas version 9.2.1.4

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    information about the Tas version 9.2.1.4 qualified computer software and federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings

  9. Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tas version 9.2.1.5

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    information about the Tas version 9.2.1.5 qualified computer software and federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings

  10. RSE Table N2.1 and N2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N2.1 and N2.2

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    N2.1 and N2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N2.1 and N2.2;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " "NAICS"," "," ","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(e)"

  11. RSE Table S2.1 and S2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables S2.1 and S2.2

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    S2.1 and S2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables S2.1 and S2.2;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," ",," " "SIC"," "," ","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Major Group and Industry","Total","Fuel Oil","Fuel

  12. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A Comparison of Integrated Water Vapor Sensors: WVIOP-96 Submitter: Liljegren, J. C., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 The 1996 Water Vapor Intensive Operations Period (WVIOP-96) was conducted at the SGP CART central facility in September in order to assess the skill of a wide variety of

  13. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cloud Ensemble Simulation with the ARM IOP Data Submitter: Xu, K., NASA - Langley Research Center Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 The main objective of this study is to use ARM IOP data to refine a cloudiness parameterization, as proposed by Xu and Randall (1996a). The cloudiness parameterization uses

  14. ATTACHMENT N

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    N FIGURES List of Figures for Permit Figure 1: LANL Regional Location Map Figure 2: LANL Facility Boundary and Technical Area (TA)-Specific Map Figure 3: LANL Facility Boundary with Detail of Non-LANL Areas Figure 4: TA-3 Security Fences, Entry Gates, and Entry Stations Figure 5: Reserved Figure 6: TA-50 Security Fences, Entry Gates, and Entry Stations Figure 7: TA-54, Area L, Security Fences, Entry Gates, and Entry Stations Figure 8: TA-54, Area G, Security Fences, Entry Gates, and Entry

  15. Hydrogen consentration meter utilizing a diffusion tube composed of 2 1/4 C r

    DOEpatents

    Roy, Prodyot; Sandusky, David W.; Hartle, Robert T.

    1979-01-01

    A diffusion tube hydrogen meter for improving the sensitivity and response time for the measurement of hydrogen in liquid sodium. The improved hydrogen meter has a composite membrane composed of pure nickel sleeve fitted, for example, over a 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo steel or niobium diffusion tube. Since the hydrogen permeation rate through 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo steels is a factor of four higher than pure nickel, and the permeation rate of hydrogen through niobium is two orders of magnitude greater than the 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo steel, this results in a decrease in response time and an increase in the sensitivity.

  16. Cover letter, 10/29/03, re Nuclear Safety Technical Position, Deliverable 4.2.1

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The enclosed Nuclear Safety Technical Position is Deliverable 4.2.1. under the Implementation Plan for Defense Nuclear Facilitises Board (DNFSB) Recommendation 2002-3, Requirements for Design...

  17. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyPlus version 2.1.0.023

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 2.1.0.023 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  18. Residential Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps v2.1 | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps v2.1 Residential Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps v2.1 The Department of Energy (DOE) develops standardized data templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE that conduct testing in support of ENERGY STAR® verification, DOE rulemakings, and enforcement of the federal energy conservation standards.

  19. Microsoft Word - CLE_2.1_Post-Mortem_2009-v9-Accepted.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    08 Proceedings 1 of 8 Post-Mortem of the NERSC Franklin XT Upgrade to CLE 2.1 James M. Craw, Nicholas P. Cardo, Yun (Helen) He Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center Berkeley, CA 94720 craw@nersc.gov, cardo@nersc.gov, yhe@lbl.gov And Janet M. Lebens Cray, Inc. jml@cray.com ABSTRACT: This paper will discuss the lessons learned of the events leading up to the production deployment of CLE 2.1 and the post install issues experienced in upgrading

  20. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Production Figure DataU.S. coal production increased slightly in 2010 by 1.0 percent to a level of 1,085.3 million short tons (Figure 1 and (Table 1), 10.4 million short tons more than the 2009 production total. Exclusive of refuse production, the Interior and Western Regions had increases in their production levels in 2010 of 7.4 percent and 1.1 percent respectively, while the Appalachian Region had a decrease of 2.1 percent (Figure 2 and (Table 2). The increase in Interior production was

  1. Handbook for electron beam welding of 8-inch thick 2-1/4 Cr-1 Mo

    SciTech Connect

    Weber, Charles M.

    1980-08-01

    Purpose of this handbook is to provide a detailed procedure for electron beam welding 8 in. thick SA387 Grade 22 Class 2. Adherence to the procedure will allow others to produce electron beam welds in 8 in. thick 2-1/4 Cr-1 Mo. A justification or description of the effects of alterations of the welding procedure is not included in this report. These effects, along with a metallographic characterization and the mechanical properties produced by the welding procedure, etc., are described in report DOE/10244-10, Electron Beam Welding of 8-in. thick 2-1/4 Cr-1 Mo, Final Report under Contract DE-AC05-77OR10244.

  2. EVMS Training Snippet: 2.1 Contract Performance Report (CPR) / Integrated

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Program Management | Department of Energy 1 Contract Performance Report (CPR) / Integrated Program Management EVMS Training Snippet: 2.1 Contract Performance Report (CPR) / Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR): Purpose and Uses This EVMS Training Snippet, sponsored by the Office of Project Management (PM) discusses the purpose and uses of the Contract Performance Report and the Integrated Program Management Report. Link to Video Presentation (17:14) | Prior Snippet (1.8) | Next

  3. Quarterly SSP Experiment Summary-FY12-3Qv2 1

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    3Qv2 1 Summary of Experiments Conducted in Support of Stockpile Stewardship July 2012 The U.S. Stockpile Stewardship Program is a robust program of scientific inquiry used to sustain and assess the nuclear weapons stockpile without the use of underground nuclear tests. The experiments carried out within the program are used in combination with Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) to continually assess the stockpile to ensure it is safe, secure, and effective. (For links to the ASC program,

  4. Chapter 4: Advancing Clean Electric Power Technologies | Light Water Reactors Technology Assessment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Light Water Reactors Chapter 4: Technology Assessments Past, Present, and Future of the Technology The world's first full-scale nuclear power plant (NPP) devoted exclusively to peacetime uses came online in 1957. Light water reactors (LWRs) are now a mature technology, with over 350 operational LWRs worldwide (Figure 4.M.1) and over 60 under construction (Figure 4.M.2). 1 Note that the Fukushima accident adversely affected nuclear power operations in Japan (and other countries throughout the

  5. SNS 2.1K Cold Box Turn-down Studies

    SciTech Connect

    F. Casagrande; P.A. Gurd; D.R. Hatfield; M.P. Howell; W.H. Strong; D. Arenius; J. Creel; V. Ganni; P. Knudsen

    2006-06-26

    The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is nearing completion. The cold section of the Linac consists of 81 superconducting radio frequency cavities cooled to 2.1K by a 2400 watt cryogenic refrigeration system. The 2.1K cold box consists of four stages of centrifugal compressors with LN2-cooled variable speed electric motors and magnetic bearings. The cryogenic system successfully supported the Linac beam commissioning at both 4.2K and 2.1K and has been fully operational since June 2005. This paper describes the control principles utilized and the experimental results obtained for the SNS cold compressors turn-down capability to about 30% of the design flow, and possible limitation of the frequency dependent power factor of the cold compressor electric motors, which was measured for the first time during commissioning. These results helped to support the operation of the Linac over a very broad and stable cold compressor operating flow range (refrigeration capacity) and pressure. This in turn helped to optimize the cryogenic system operating parameters, minimizing the utilities and improving the system reliability and availability.

  6. Criticality safety review of 2 1/2 -, 10-, and 14-ton UF sub 6 cylinders

    SciTech Connect

    Broadhead, B.L.

    1991-01-01

    The US regulations governing the packaging and transportation of UF{sub 6} cylinders are contained in the publication 10CFR71. Under the current 10CFR71 regulations, packages are classified according to Fissile Class I, II, or III and a corresponding transport index (TI). UF{sub 6} cylinders designed to contain 2{1/2}-tons of UF{sub 6} are classified as Fissile Class II packages with a TI of 5 for the purpose of transportation. The 10-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders are classified as Fissile Class I with no TI assigned for transportation. The 14-ton cylinders are not certified for transport with enrichments greater than 1 wt % since they have no approved overpack. This work reviews the suitability of 2{1/2}-ton UF{sub 6} packages for reclassification as Fissile Class I with a maximum {sup 235}U enrichment of 5 wt %. Additionally, the 10- and 14-ton cylinders are reviewed to address a change in maximum {sup 235}U enrichment from 4.5 to 5 wt %. Based on this evaluation, the 2{1/2}-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders meet the 10CFR71 criteria for Fissile Class I packages, and no TI is needed for criticality safety purposes. Similarly, the 10- and 14-ton UF{sub 6} packages appear suitable for a maximum enrichment rating change to 5 wt % {sup 235}U. 6 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Final Project Report Project 10749-4.2.2.1 2007-2009

    SciTech Connect

    Zacher, Alan H.; Holladay, Johnathan E.; Frye, J. G.; Brown, Heather M.; Santosa, Daniel M.; Oberg, Aaron A.

    2009-05-11

    This is the final report for the DOE Project 10749-4.2.2.1 for the FY2007 - FY2009 period. This report is non-proprietary, and will be submitted to DOE as a final project report. The report covers activities under the DOE Project inside CRADA 269 (Project 53231) as well as project activites outside of that CRADA (Project 56662). This is the final report that is summarized from the non-proprietary quarterlies submitted to DOE over the past 2.5 years, which in turn are summaries from the proprietary technical reporting to UOP.

  8. Certification for DOE M 142.2-1 Admin Chg 1

    Directives, Delegations, and Other Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2014-12-03

    DOE Manual 142.2-1 Admin Change 1, Manual for Implementation of the Voluntary Offer Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency, 6/27/2013, has been reviewed by my organization and deemed to be in compliance with related Departmental Directives, Secretarial Delegations, organizational structure, budget guidelines, regulations, standards, OMB guidance, relevant memoranda of understanding and public laws. In addition, this directive is not found to cause undue burden (i.e., significant cost impacts, overly prescriptive, redundancy, or excessive reporting requirements) on Departmental elements and contractors.

  9. Synthesis of heterocycles: Indolo (2,1-a) isoquinolines, renewables, and aptamer ligands for cellular imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Beasley, Jonathan

    2013-05-07

    In this thesis, we explore both total syntheses and methodologies of several aromatic heterocyclic molecules. Extensions of the Kraus indole synthesis toward 2-substituted and 2,3-disubstituted indoles, as well as biologically attractive indolo[2,1-a]isoquinolines are described. Recent renewable efforts directed to commodity maleic acid and the first reported furan-based ionic liquids are described. Our total synthesis of mRNA aptamer ligand PDC-Gly, and its dye coupled forms, plus aminoglycoside dye coupled ligands used in molecular imaging, are described.

  10. Dual Selectivity Expressed in [2+2+1] Dynamic Clipping of Unsymmetrical [2]Catenanes

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Yi

    2010-06-11

    A {pi}-templated dynamic [2+2+1] clipping protocol is established for the synthesis of [2]catenanes from two parts dialdehyde, two parts diamine and one part tetracationic cyclophane. It is further diversified for the selective formation of an unsymmetrical [2]catenane showing great translational selectivity by employing two different dialdehydes in a one-pot reaction. The dual selectivity and the dynamic nature are verified by {sup 1}H NMR spectroscopy, X-ray single crystal structural studies and exchange experiments.

  11. Leptonic B- and D-Meson Decay Constants with 2+1 Flavors of Asqtad Fermions

    SciTech Connect

    Neil, Ethan T.; Simone, James N.; Van de Water, Ruth S.; Kronfeld, Andreas S.

    2015-01-08

    We present the status of our updated D- and B-meson decay-constant analysis, based on the MILC Nf =2+1 asqtad gauge ensembles. Heavy quarks are incorporated using the Wilson clover action with the Fermilab interpretation. This analysis includes ensembles at five lattice spacings from α ≈ 0.045 to 0.15 fm, and light sea-quark masses down to 1/20th of the strange-quark mass. Projected error budgets for ratios of decay constants, in particular between bottom- and charm-meson decay constants, are presented.

  12. 2 BASIC ENERGY SCIENCES 2.1 Adenosine Triphosphate: The Energy Currency of Life

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    7 6/1/2011 2 BASIC ENERGY SCIENCES 2.1 Adenosine Triphosphate: The Energy Currency of Life The energy cycle of all living organisms involves the molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which captures the chemical energy released by the metabolism of nutrients and makes it available for cellular functions such as muscle contraction and transmission of nerve messages. A hard-working human adult can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. From the early 1960s through 1994, the Office of Science supported

  13. Stability of S and Se induced reconstructions on GaP(001)(21) surface

    SciTech Connect

    Li , D. F.; Guo, Zhi C.; Xiao, Hai Yan; Zu, Xiaotao T.; Gao, Fei

    2010-10-15

    The structural and electronic properties of S- and Se- passivated GaP(001)(21) surfaces were studied using first-principles simulations. Our calculations showed that the most stable structure consists of a single chalcogen atom (S or Se) in the first crystal layer, which is bonded to two Ga atoms of the second layer, and the third P layer replaced by chalcogen atoms, similar to the passivation of GaAs(001)(21) surface by chalcogen atoms. The structural parameters were determined and the surface band characters and the local density of states were also analyzed. The results showed that the preferable structure has no surface states in the bulk band gap, but the energy band gaps of the S- and Se-adsorbed GaP(001) surfaces are 1.83eV and 1.63eV, respectively. The passivation effects for the S- and Se-adsorbed surfaces are similar to each other.

  14. A new bidirectional generalization of (2+1)-dimensional matrix k-constrained Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy

    SciTech Connect

    Chvartatskyi, O. I. Sydorenko, Yu. M.

    2013-11-15

    We introduce a new bidirectional generalization of (2+1)-dimensional k-constrained Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) hierarchy ((2+1)-BDk-cKPH). This new hierarchy generalizes (2+1)-dimensional k-cKP hierarchy, (t{sub A}, ?{sub B}) and (?{sub A}, ?{sub B}) matrix hierarchies. (2+1)-BDk-cKPH contains a new matrix (1+1)-k-constrained KP hierarchy. Some members of (2+1)-BDk-cKPH are also listed. In particular, it contains matrix generalizations of Davey-Stewartson (DS) systems, (2+1)-dimensional modified Korteweg-de Vries equation and the Nizhnik equation. (2+1)-BDk-cKPH also includes new matrix (2+1)-dimensional generalizations of the Yajima-Oikawa and Melnikov systems. Binary Darboux Transformation Dressing Method is also proposed for construction of exact solutions for equations from (2+1)-BDk-cKPH. As an example the exact form of multi-soliton solutions for vector generalization of the DS system is given.

  15. Section 34: Results of Performance Assessments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Figure 34-2. CRA-2009 PABC: Total Normalized Releases in EPA Units Replicates R1, R2, and R3 (Clayton et al. 2010, Figure 6-6 , replotted with EPA release limits) Figure 34-3. 300 ...

  16. TCMS Examples

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BPA - Firm NT BPA Direct Connect Load Figure 2 BPA - Secondary NT BPA Figure 3 3 rd Party - Firm PTP BPA - NT (Firm or Secondary) BPA 3 rd Party Transferor Transfer Load Figure 5...

  17. A detailed analysis of the HD 73526 2:1 resonant planetary system

    SciTech Connect

    Wittenmyer, Robert A.; Horner, Jonathan; Tinney, C. G.; Salter, G. S.; Bailey, J.; Wright, D.; Tan, Xianyu; Lee, Man Hoi; Butler, R. P.; Arriagada, P.; Carter, B. D.; Jones, H. R. A.; O'Toole, S. J.; Crane, J. D.; Schectman, S. A.; Thompson, I.; Minniti, D.; Diaz, M.

    2014-01-10

    We present six years of new radial velocity data from the Anglo-Australian and Magellan Telescopes on the HD 73526 2:1 resonant planetary system. We investigate both Keplerian and dynamical (interacting) fits to these data, yielding four possible configurations for the system. The new data now show that both resonance angles are librating, with amplitudes of 40° and 60°, respectively. We then perform long-term dynamical stability tests to differentiate these solutions, which only differ significantly in the masses of the planets. We show that while there is no clearly preferred system inclination, the dynamical fit with i = 90° provides the best combination of goodness-of-fit and long-term dynamical stability.

  18. Short-distance matrix elements for $D$-meson mixing for 2+1 lattice QCD

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, Chia Cheng

    2015-01-01

    We study the short-distance hadronic matrix elements for D-meson mixing with partially quenched Nf = 2+1 lattice QCD. We use a large set of the MIMD Lattice Computation Collaboration's gauge configurations with a2 tadpole-improved staggered sea quarks and tadpole-improved Lüscher-Weisz gluons. We use the a2 tadpole-improved action for valence light quarks and the Sheikoleslami-Wohlert action with the Fermilab interpretation for the valence charm quark. Our calculation covers the complete set of five operators needed to constrain new physics models for D-meson mixing. We match our matrix elements to the MS-NDR scheme evaluated at 3 GeV. We report values for the Beneke-Buchalla-Greub-Lenz-Nierste choice of evanescent operators.

  19. Quasiparticle description of (2+1)- flavor lattice QCD equation of state

    SciTech Connect

    Chandra, Vinod; Ravishankar, V.

    2011-10-01

    A quasiparticle model has been employed to describe the (2+1)-flavor lattice QCD equation of state with physical quark masses. The interaction part of the equation of state has been mapped to the effective fugacities of otherwise noninteracting quasigluons and quasiquarks. The mapping is found to be exact for the equation of state. The model leads to nontrivial dispersion relations for quasipartons. The dispersion relations, effective quasiparticle number densities, and trace anomaly have been investigated employing the model. A virial expansion for the equation of state has further been obtained to investigate the role of interactions in quark-gluon plasma. Finally, Debye screening in quark-gluon plasma has been studied employing the model.

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.1 Residential Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    6 Annual Cost Active Idle Off Active Idle Off ($) (2) Kitchen Coffee Maker 1,000 70 0 38 229 8,493 58 5.6 Dishwasher (3) 365 (4) 120 11.6 Microwave Oven 1,500 3 70 8,690 131 12.6 Toaster Oven 1,051 37 54 5.2 Refrigerator-Freezer 660 63.1 Freezer 470 45.0 Lighting 18-W Compact Fluorescent 18 1,189 20 2.1 60-W Incandescent Lamp 60 672 40 3.9 100-W Incandescent Lamp 100 672 70 6.4 Torchiere Lamp-Halogen 300 1,460 440 42.0 Bedroom and Bathroom Hair Dryer 710 50 40 3.4 Waterbed Heater 350 3,051 1,070

  1. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Data

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Charts Selected Charts Figure 1: Historical crude oil front month futures prices Figure 7: Probability of the January 2016 WTI contract expiring above price levels Figure 8: Historical RBOB futures prices and crack spreads Figure 12: Probability of January 2016 retail gasoline exceeding different prices levels at expiration Figure 14: U.S. natural gas prices and storage Figure 16: Probability of the January 2016 Henry Hub contract expiring above price levels

  2. Appropriate conservation measures for single-family buildings in hot, humid climates. [DOE-2. 1B

    SciTech Connect

    McLain, H.A.; MacDonald, J.M.; Goldenberg, D.

    1985-01-01

    The effectiveness of a number of energy conservation measures for homes located in hot, humid climates was analyzed using the DOE-2.1B building simulation model. Measures having the greatest benefits to the homeowner are predicted to be the addition of ceiling insulation only if the house is not already insulated, weatherization, and reduction of the wall outer surface solar absorptance. The weatherization and solar absorptance reduction measures should be do-it-yourself installations to be cost-effective. Replacement of an air-conditioning unit with a new high-efficiency unit was very effective in reducing peak demand and annual cooling energy. Unless the energy efficiency ratio of the existing unit is low (<6), replacement is generally not cost-effective. The measures were predicted to result in slightly increased indoor humidities, but their effect on human comfort was predicted to be small. However, this conclusion should be considered preliminary since the simulation models used for these predictions have limitations. The amount of energy that can be saved by these measures is very dependent on the occupant's lifestyle, such as the degree to which the occupants will alter clothing to achieve comfort. 15 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  3. Ex-Vessel Core Melt Modeling Comparison between MELTSPREAD-CORQUENCH and MELCOR 2.1

    SciTech Connect

    Robb, Kevin R.; Farmer, Mitchell; Francis, Matthew W.

    2014-03-01

    System-level code analyses by both United States and international researchers predict major core melting, bottom head failure, and corium-concrete interaction for Fukushima Daiichi Unit 1 (1F1). Although system codes such as MELCOR and MAAP are capable of capturing a wide range of accident phenomena, they currently do not contain detailed models for evaluating some ex-vessel core melt behavior. However, specialized codes containing more detailed modeling are available for melt spreading such as MELTSPREAD as well as long-term molten corium-concrete interaction (MCCI) and debris coolability such as CORQUENCH. In a preceding study, Enhanced Ex-Vessel Analysis for Fukushima Daiichi Unit 1: Melt Spreading and Core-Concrete Interaction Analyses with MELTSPREAD and CORQUENCH, the MELTSPREAD-CORQUENCH codes predicted the 1F1 core melt readily cooled in contrast to predictions by MELCOR. The user community has taken notice and is in the process of updating their systems codes; specifically MAAP and MELCOR, to improve and reduce conservatism in their ex-vessel core melt models. This report investigates why the MELCOR v2.1 code, compared to the MELTSPREAD and CORQUENCH 3.03 codes, yield differing predictions of ex-vessel melt progression. To accomplish this, the differences in the treatment of the ex-vessel melt with respect to melt spreading and long-term coolability are examined. The differences in modeling approaches are summarized, and a comparison of example code predictions is provided.

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.1 Residential Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    6 Natural Fuel Other Renw. Site Site Primary Gas Oil LPG Fuel(1) En.(2) Electric Total Percent Electric (3) Total Percent Space Heating (4) 3.40 0.48 0.26 0.03 0.44 0.42 5.03 44.2% | 1.27 5.88 27.9% Water Heating 1.31 0.07 0.05 0.02 0.48 1.92 16.9% | 1.44 2.88 13.7% Space Cooling 0.00 1.02 1.02 8.9% | 3.07 3.07 14.6% Lighting 0.53 0.53 4.6% | 1.60 1.60 7.6% Refrigeration (5) 0.45 0.45 4.0% | 1.37 1.37 6.5% Electronics (6) 0.33 0.33 2.9% | 0.99 0.99 4.7% Wet Cleaning (7) 0.06 0.33 0.39 3.4% |

  5. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.1 Residential Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    7 Natural Fuel Other Renw. Site Site Primary Gas Oil LPG Fuel(1) En.(2) Electric Total Percent Electric (3) Total Percent Space Heating (4) 3.28 0.38 0.24 0.03 0.46 0.46 4.85 41.5% | 1.40 5.78 25.8% Water Heating 1.32 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.53 1.96 16.8% | 1.60 3.03 13.5% Space Cooling 0.00 1.12 1.12 9.6% | 3.38 3.38 15.1% Lighting 0.47 0.47 4.0% | 1.42 1.42 6.3% Refrigeration (5) 0.48 0.48 4.1% | 1.45 1.45 6.5% Electronics (6) 0.37 0.37 3.2% | 1.12 1.12 5.0% Wet Cleaning (7) 0.06 0.30 0.37 3.1% |

  6. ITM Benchmark #1: PHASTA Results Igor Bolotnov North Carolina...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ......... 8 Figure 5. Law of the wall comparison between standard and ... 12 Figure 10. Smooth wall channel flow compared with the law of the wall. ...

  7. I PHAEi:'I:. REM E :ACTO N

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... IE FIGURE 37: Building 17, Second Floor, East Storage Area Cabinet - Measurement Locations ...... 51 I* FIGURE 38: Building 17, Second Floor Supply Storage ...

  8. Sample manuscript showing style and formatting specifications...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... as the outputs in Figure 5. The extracted green areas are shown in Figure 6 (b). ... States to promote electricity generation from renewable energy sources such as solar. ...

  9. DRAFT OUTLINE of UPDATED

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... shielding, ion column, and tubing for saline solution) Figure C- 55 Gallon Steel Drum ... for powder or pellets) Figure C-Power Reactor Spent Fuel (Shown with personnel ...

  10. DOE/SC-ARM-15-032 ARM-ACME V: ARM Airborne Carbon

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Airborne Carbon Measurements Project BC black carbon CARVE NASA Carbon in Arctic ... observations to regional scales, but focused on Alaska as a whole (Figure 2 and Figure 3). ...

  11. ARM TR-006

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... TR-006 Figure 5. Cloud Decision Image Corresponding to Figure 4. Black denotes masking. ... a good seasonal statistical record for a TSI - WSI (Whole Sky Imager) comparison. ...

  12. eide-98.PDF

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    this figure, please see http:www.arm.govdocsdocumentstechnicalconf98 03eide-98.pdf.) Figure 2. Amplitude of the scattered field in the vicinity of a oblate spheroidal...

  13. austin-98.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    this figure, please see http:www.arm.govdocsdocumentstechnicalconf9803austin-98.pdf.) Session Papers 41 Figure 2. These graphs show various optical properties obtained...

  14. miller-98.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    figure, please see http:www.arm.govdocsdocumentstechnical conf9803 miller-98.pdf.) Figure 2. (a) (top) Composite operating modes for all SGP radars and (b) (bottom)...

  15. hinkelman-98.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    figure, please see http:www.arm.govdocs documentstechnicalconf9803hinkelman-98.pdf.) The predicted and measured total downward infrared fluxes are presented in Figure 2....

  16. hahmann-98.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    figure, please see http:www.arm.govdocs documentstechnicalconf9803hahmann-98.pdf.) Figure 2. Over South America. Control latent heat flux (top), the fine-mesh latent...

  17. With growing numbers of solar energy...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pending SOLAR GLARE HAZARD ANALYSIS TOOL (SGHAT) TECHNOLOGY SUMMARY Figure 1. Glare from solar panels viewed from an air traffic control tower. Figure 2. Screen image of glare...

  18. Microsoft Word - Revised Manuscript_NCOMMS-13-12354.docx

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... the surfaces of lithium-ion battery (LIB) electrodes evolve simultaneously ... in a single NMC particle (Figure If) and representative ones are displayed in Figure lg. ...

  19. paper-LSPP16

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Figure 2. Anomaly detection components. Figure 3. AR based detection example (training series). Coupling online monitoring data from workflow application and infrastructure with ...

  20. Measure Guideline: High-Efficiency Natural Gas Furnaces

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 27 vi List of Figures Figure 1. Electric motor options by increasing efficiency ... systems: heating capacity (sizing), consideration for duct distribution ...

  1. Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Figure 1: Evolution of WTI futures contracts dollars per barrel Contract month Intermonth ... (Figure 3). The NYMEX WTI futures contract delivers at Cushing, which is why market ...

  2. Microsoft Word - BPA Utility Potential Calculator Guidebook V1...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    installed, and the result is the overall potential for that device (Figure 1). Figure 1 Energy Efficiency Savings Potential Assessment A potential study expands on this concept...

  3. guo-99.PDF

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    the ground-based Global Positioning System (GPS) precipitable water (PW), wind profiler data, surface parameters from several mesonets (Figure 1), hourly rainfall (Figure 2), etc. ...

  4. DOE-STD-1073-93-Pt. 1; DOE Standard Guide for Operational Configuratio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... II-33 Figure 2-12 Document Control Program: Document Control and Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-36 Figure 2-13 Change Control ...

  5. Integration plan required by performance agreement SM 7.2.1

    SciTech Connect

    Diediker, L.P.

    1997-03-28

    to complete the requirements specified in the Performance Expectation 7.2.1, within the SM7 Environmental, Safety, and Health section of the Project Hanford Management Contract.

  6. SUB-MILLIMETER TELESCOPE CO (2-1) OBSERVATIONS OF NEARBY STAR-FORMING GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect

    Jiang, Xue-Jian; Gu, Qiusheng; Wang, Zhong; Wang, Junzhi; Zhang, Zhi-Yu

    2015-01-20

    We present CO J = 2-1 observations toward 32 nearby gas-rich star-forming galaxies selected from the ALFALFA and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) catalogs, using the Sub-millimeter Telescope (SMT). Our sample is selected to be dominated by intermediate-M {sub *} galaxies. The scaling relations between molecular gas, atomic gas, and galactic properties (stellar mass, NUV – r, and WISE color W3 – W2) are examined and discussed. Our results show the following. (1) In the galaxies with stellar mass M {sub *} ≤10{sup 10} M {sub ☉}, the H I fraction (f {sub H} {sub I} ≡ M {sub H} {sub I}/M {sub *}) is significantly higher than that of more massive galaxies, while the H{sub 2} gas fraction (f{sub H{sub 2}} ≡ M{sub H{sub 2}}/M {sub *}) remains nearly unchanged. (2) Compared to f{sub H{sub 2}}, f {sub H} {sub I} correlates better with both M {sub *} and NUV – r. (3) A new parameter, WISE color W3 – W2 (12-4.6 μm), is introduced, which is similar to NUV – r in tracing star formation activity, and we find that W3 – W2 has a tighter anti-correlation with log f{sub H{sub 2}} than the anti-correlation of (NUV – r)-f {sub H} {sub I}, (NUV – r)-f{sub H{sub 2}}, and (W3 – W2)-f {sub H} {sub I}. This indicates that W3 – W2 can trace the H{sub 2} fraction in galaxies. For the gas ratio M{sub H{sub 2}}/M {sub H} {sub I} , only in the intermediate-M {sub *} galaxies it appears to depend on M {sub *} and NUV – r. We find a tight correlation between the molecular gas mass M{sub H{sub 2}} and 12 μm (W3) luminosities (L {sub 12} {sub μm}), and the slope is close to unity (1.03 ± 0.06) for the SMT sample. This correlation may reflect that the cold gas and dust are well mixed on a global galactic scale. Using the all-sky 12 μm (W3) data available in WISE, this correlation can be used to estimate CO flux for molecular gas observations and can even predict H{sub 2} mass for star-forming galaxies.

  7. The US/SE Program Offices' FY 2016 Congressional Budget Request |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy The US/SE Program Offices' FY 2016 Congressional Budget Request The US/SE Program Offices' FY 2016 Congressional Budget Request Figure 2.1: The US/SE Program Offices' FY 2016 Congressional Budget Request (SEP, page 19) Figure 2.1: The US/SE Program Offices' FY 2016 Congressional Budget Request (SEP, page 19) The Under Secretary for Science and Energy (US/SE) program offices lead the Department's engagement in transformative science, technology innovation, and market

  8. Review of time-dependent fatigue behavior and life prediction for 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo steel. [LMFBR

    SciTech Connect

    Booker, M.K.; Majumdar, S.

    1982-01-01

    Available data on creep-fatigue life and fracture behavior of 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo steel are reviewed. Whereas creep-fatigue interaction is important for Type 304 stainless steel, oxidation effects appear to dominate the time-dependent fatigue behavior of 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo steel. Four of the currently available predictive methods - the Linear Damage Rule, Frequency Separation Equation, Strain Range Partitioning Equation, and Damage Rate Equation - are evaluated for their predictive capability. Variations in the parameters for the various predictive methods with temperature, heat of material, heat treatment, and environment are investigated. Relative trends in the lives predicted by the various methods as functions of test duration, waveshape, etc., are discussed. The predictive methods will need modification in order to account for oxidation and aging effects in the 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo steel. Future tests that will emphasize the difference between the various predictive methods are proposed.

  9. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Crude Stocks Figure 1. Stocks of Crude Oil by PAD District, January 2015 to Present

  10. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 KeroJet Stocks Figure 4. Stocks of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

  11. FY 2011 Annual Progress Report for Energy Storage R&D

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ......... 401 Figure IV - 127: Raman spectroscopy obtained on fresh and harvested negative electrodes. ......

  12. 05-20-2010_Final_Testimony_Henry_Kelly.pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    sitesdefaultfilesadministration- officialvicepresidentmemooncleanenergyeconomy.pdf 3 This figure represents the estimated project value if all the existing...

  13. Microsoft Word - Cover Sheet.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    2 Appendices A through I Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................................................ vii List of Figures ............................................................................................................................................................ xiii List of Tables

  14. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present . . . . . . . . . . 439 Figures 1. Crude Oil Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

  15. Microsoft Word - DRAFT Hannaford Study Report 1-22-2015_CLEAN

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Consumption ... 17 Figure V-6 Turner Store Temperature and Power Consumption Trends - Monthly ... 17...

  16. Enclosures Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan report

    Energy Saver

    ... Consumption Data ...... 2 Figure 2: Total Btu consumption per household (US Census Bureau 2001) ...

  17. Parametric Sensitivity Analysis for the Asian Summer Monsoon Precipitation Simulation in the Beijing Climate Center AGCM Version 2.1

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Ben; Zhang, Yaocun; Qian, Yun; Wu, Tongwen; Huang, Anning; Fang, Yongjie

    2015-07-15

    In this study, we apply an efficient sampling approach and conduct a large number of simulations to explore the sensitivity of the simulated Asian summer monsoon (ASM) precipitation, including the climatological state and interannual variability, to eight parameters related to the cloud and precipitation processes in the Beijing Climate Center AGCM version 2.1 (BCC_AGCM2.1). Our results show that BCC_AGCM2.1 has large biases in simulating the ASM precipitation. The precipitation efficiency and evaporation coefficient for deep convection are the most sensitive parameters in simulating the ASM precipitation. With optimal parameter values, the simulated precipitation climatology could be remarkably improved, e.g. increased precipitation over the equator Indian Ocean, suppressed precipitation over the Philippine Sea, and more realistic Meiyu distribution over Eastern China. The ASM precipitation interannual variability is further analyzed, with a focus on the ENSO impacts. It shows the simulations with better ASM precipitation climatology can also produce more realistic precipitation anomalies during El Niño decaying summer. In the low-skill experiments for precipitation climatology, the ENSO-induced precipitation anomalies are most significant over continents (vs. over ocean in observation) in the South Asian monsoon region. More realistic results are derived from the higher-skill experiments with stronger anomalies over the Indian Ocean and weaker anomalies over India and the western Pacific, favoring more evident easterly anomalies forced by the tropical Indian Ocean warming and stronger Indian Ocean-western Pacific tele-connection as observed. Our model results reveal a strong connection between the simulated ASM precipitation climatological state and interannual variability in BCC_AGCM2.1 when key parameters are perturbed.

  18. Criticality Safety Review of 2 1/2-, 10-, and 14-Ton UF(Sub 6) Cylinders

    SciTech Connect

    Broadhead, B.L.

    1991-01-01

    Currently, UF{sub 6} cylinders designed to contain 2 1/2 tons of UF{sub 6} are classified as Fissile Class II packages with a transport index (TI) of 5 for the purpose of transportation. The 10-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders are classified as Fissile Class I with no TI assigned for transportation. The 14-ton cylinders, although not certified for transport with enrichments greater than 1 wt % because they have no approved overpack, can be used in on-site operations for enrichments greater than 1 wt %. The maximum 235U enrichments for these cylinders are 5.0 wt % for the 2 1/2-ton cylinder and 4.5 wt % for the 10- and 14-ton cylinders. This work reviews the suitability for reclassification of the 2 1/2-ton UF{sub 6} packages as Fissile Class I with a maximum {sup 235}U enrichment of 5 wt %. Additionally, the 10- and 14-ton cylinders are reviewed to address a change in maximum {sup 235}U enrichment from 4.5 to 5 wt %. Based on this evaluation, the 2 1/2-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders meet the 10 CFR.71 criteria for Fissile Class I packages, and no TI is needed for criticality safety purposes; however, a TI may be required based on radiation from the packages. Similarly, the 10- and 14-ton UF{sub 6} packages appear acceptable for a maximum enrichment rating change to 5 wt % {sup 235}U.

  19. Design of normal conducting 704 MHz and 2.1 GHz cavities for LEReC Linac

    SciTech Connect

    Xiao, B.; Belomestnykh, S.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Brutus, J. C.; Fedotov, A.; McIntyre, G.; Smith, K.; Tuozzolo, J.; Veshcherevich, V.; Wu, Q.; Xu, W.; Zaltsman, A.

    2015-05-03

    To improve RHIC luminosity for heavy ion beam energies below 10 GeV/nucleon, the Low Energy RHIC electron Cooler (LEReC) is currently under development at BNL. Two normal conducting cavities, a single cell 704 MHz cavity and a 3 cell 2.1 GHz third harmonic cavity, will be used in LEReC for energy spread correction. In this paper we report the design of these two cavities.

  20. On Dirac-Coulomb problem in (2+1) dimensional space-time and path integral quantization

    SciTech Connect

    Haouat, S.; Chetouani, L.

    2012-06-15

    The problem of Dirac particle interacting with Coulomb potential in (2+1) dimensions is formulated in the framework of super-symmetric path integrals where the spin degrees of freedom are described by odd Grassmannian variables. The relative propagator is expressed through Cartesian coordinates in a Hamiltonian form by the use of an adequate transformation. The passage to the polar coordinates permitted us to calculate the fixed energy Green's function and to extract bound states and associating wave functions.

  1. Fabrication of precision optics using an imbedded reference surface

    DOEpatents

    Folta, James A.; Spiller, Eberhard

    2005-02-01

    The figure of a substrate is very precisely measured and a figured-correcting layer is provided on the substrate. The thickness of the figure-correcting layer is locally measured and compared to the first measurement. The local measurement of the figure-correcting layer is accomplished through a variety of methods, including interferometry and fluorescence or ultrasound measurements. Adjustments in the thickness of the figure-correcting layer are made until the top of the figure-correcting layer matches a desired figure specification.

  2. Beamline 2.1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    linear Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Images with 2048 x 2048 pixels Resolving power (EE) 500-700 Endstations X-ray microscope (XM-2) Characteristics Full-field...

  3. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cloud Boundary Detection and Analysis from Micro Pulse Lidar Submitter: Spinhirne, J., University of Arizona Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1. A high resolution MPL image for 14 January 1998 during testing of MPL008 (NSA unit) at NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center. Figure 2. MPL overlap correction algorithm. Figure 3. Accompanying diagram to Figure 2 detailing overlap correction development. Figure 4. Cloud

  4. Exact mapping of the 2+1 Dirac oscillator onto the Jaynes-Cummings model: Ion-trap experimental proposal

    SciTech Connect

    Bermudez, A.; Martin-Delgado, M. A.; Solano, E.

    2007-10-15

    We study the dynamics of the 2+1 Dirac oscillator exactly and find spin oscillations due to a Zitterbewegung of purely relativistic origin. We find an exact mapping of this quantum-relativistic system onto a Jaynes-Cummings model, describing the interaction of a two-level atom with a quantized single-mode field. This equivalence allows us to map a series of quantum optical phenomena onto the relativistic oscillator and vice versa. We make a realistic experimental proposal, in reach with current technology, for studying the equivalence of both models using a single trapped ion.

  5. CO J = 2-1 LINE EMISSION IN CLUSTER GALAXIES AT z {approx} 1: FUELING STAR FORMATION IN DENSE ENVIRONMENTS

    SciTech Connect

    Wagg, Jeff; Pope, Alexandra; Alberts, Stacey; Armus, Lee; Desai, Vandana; Brodwin, Mark; Bussmann, Robert S.; Dey, Arjun; Jannuzi, Buell; Le Floc'h, Emeric; Melbourne, Jason; Stern, Daniel

    2012-06-20

    We present observations of CO J = 2-1 line emission in infrared-luminous cluster galaxies at z {approx} 1 using the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. Our two primary targets are optically faint, dust-obscured galaxies (DOGs) found to lie within 2 Mpc of the centers of two massive (>10{sup 14} M{sub Sun }) galaxy clusters. CO line emission is not detected in either DOG. We calculate 3{sigma} upper limits to the CO J = 2-1 line luminosities, L'{sub CO} < 6.08 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} and <6.63 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} K km s{sup -1} pc{sup 2}. Assuming a CO-to-H{sub 2} conversion factor derived for ultraluminous infrared galaxies in the local universe, this translates to limits on the cold molecular gas mass of M{sub H{sub 2}}< 4.86 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun} and M{sub H{sub 2}}< 5.30 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }. Both DOGs exhibit mid-infrared continuum emission that follows a power law, suggesting that an active galactic nucleus (AGN) contributes to the dust heating. As such, estimates of the star formation efficiencies in these DOGs are uncertain. A third cluster member with an infrared luminosity, L{sub IR} < 7.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11} L{sub Sun }, is serendipitously detected in CO J = 2-1 line emission in the field of one of the DOGs located roughly two virial radii away from the cluster center. The optical spectrum of this object suggests that it is likely an obscured AGN, and the measured CO line luminosity is L'{sub CO} = (1.94 {+-} 0.35) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} K km s{sup -1} pc{sup 2}, which leads to an estimated cold molecular gas mass M{sub H{sub 2}}= (1.55{+-}0.28) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} M{sub Sun }. A significant reservoir of molecular gas in a z {approx} 1 galaxy located away from the cluster center demonstrates that the fuel can exist to drive an increase in star formation and AGN activity at the outskirts of high-redshift clusters.

  6. WEATHER PREDICTIONS AND SURFACE RADIATION ESTIMATES

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... . FIGURES - I 2 . 1 RULISON s u r f a c e wind towers . . . . . . . 2 . 2 O f f - s i t e ... A BS TIU C T Four s u r f a c e wind towers, l o c a t e d n e a r RULISON s u r f a c e ...

  7. Compartment

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    17 CJ ""0 cu o cc o 200 Soils Soil Series and Phase DBaB DDoA DDoB DFuA DFuB .Ur sc Figure 2-1. Plant communities and soils associated with the UGA Old Lab Site...

  8. A new (2+1) dimensional integrable evolution equation for an ion acoustic wave in a magnetized plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Mukherjee, Abhik Janaki, M. S. Kundu, Anjan

    2015-07-15

    A new, completely integrable, two dimensional evolution equation is derived for an ion acoustic wave propagating in a magnetized, collisionless plasma. The equation is a multidimensional generalization of a modulated wavepacket with weak transverse propagation, which has resemblance to nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation and has a connection to Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation through a constraint relation. Higher soliton solutions of the equation are derived through Hirota bilinearization procedure, and an exact lump solution is calculated exhibiting 2D structure. Some mathematical properties demonstrating the completely integrable nature of this equation are described. Modulational instability using nonlinear frequency correction is derived, and the corresponding growth rate is calculated, which shows the directional asymmetry of the system. The discovery of this novel (2+1) dimensional integrable NLS type equation for a magnetized plasma should pave a new direction of research in the field.

  9. Electron diffraction study of 1M illites with interstratified trans- and cis-vacant 2 : 1 layers

    SciTech Connect

    Zhukhlistov, A. P. Vikent'ev, I. V.; Rusinova, O. V.

    2012-03-15

    Illites from the volcanogenic Zn-Au-Ag sulfide deposit Galkinskoe (Northern Urals) have been investigated using oblique-texture electron diffraction patterns in combination with the simulation of diffraction effects. Along with single-phase tv/cv1M illites, the structures of which are formed by statistically interstratified dioctahedral 2: 1 layers with vacant trans- or cis-octahedra, illites in the form of a mixture of two interstratified tv/cv1M phases, with the dominance of tv- or cv layers, are identified. It is shown that in the latter case the diffraction pattern can also be interpreted within the single-phase tv/cv model, provided that the tv- and cv layers are distributed with some tendency to segregate. The structural features indicating the preference of the two-phase model are analyzed.

  10. Influence of defects on the charge density wave of ([SnSe]1+δ)1(VSe2)1 ferecrystals

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Falmbigl, Matthias; Putzky, Daniel; Ditto, Jeffrey; Esters, Marco; Bauers, Sage R.; Ronning, Filip; Johnson, David C.

    2015-07-14

    A series of ferecrystalline compounds ([SnSe]1+δ)1(VSe2)1 with varying Sn/V ratios were synthesized using the modulated elemental reactant technique. Temperature-dependent specific heat data reveal a phase transition at 102 K, where the heat capacity changes abruptly. An abrupt increase in electrical resistivity occurs at the same temperature, correlated with an abrupt increase in the Hall coefficient. Combined with the magnitude and nature of the specific heat discontinuity, this suggests that the transition is similar to the charge density wave transitions in transition metal dichalcogenides. An ordered intergrowth was formed over a surprisingly wide compositional range of Sn/V ratios of 0.89 ≤more » 1 + δ ≤ 1.37. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy reveal the formation of various volume defects in the compounds in response to the nonstoichiometry. The electrical resistivity and Hall coefficient data of samples with different Sn/V ratios show systematic variation in the carrier concentration with the Sn/V ratio. There is no significant change in the onset temperature of the charge density wave transition, only a variation in the carrier densities before and after the transition. Given the sensitivity of the charge density wave transitions of transition metal dichalcogenides to variations in composition, it is very surprising that the charge density wave transition observed at 102 K for ([SnSe]1.15)1(VSe2)1 is barely influenced by the nonstoichiometry and structural defects. As a result, this might be a consequence of the two-dimensional nature of the structurally independent VSe2 layers.« less

  11. Evaluation of ferritic alloy Fe-2-1/4Cr-1Mo after neutron irradiation - microstructure development

    SciTech Connect

    Gelles, D.S.

    1984-05-01

    Microstructural examinations are reported for nine specimen conditions of 2-1/4Cr-1Mo steel which had been irradiated by fast neutrons over the temperature range 390 to 510/sup 0/C. Two heats of material were involved, each with a different preirradiation heat treatment, one irradiated to a peak fluence of 5.1 x 10/sup 22/ n/cm/sup 2/ (E > 0.1 MeV) or 24 dpa and the other to 2.4 x 10/sup 23/ n/cm/sup 2/ (E > 0.1 MeV) or 116 dpa. Void swelling is found following irradiation at 400/sup 0/C in both conditions and to 480/sup 0/C in the higher fluence conditions. Concurrently dislocation structure and precipitation formed. Peak void swelling, void density, dislocation density and precipitate number density developed at the lowest temperature, approx. 400/sup 0/C, whereas mean void size, and mean precipitate size increased with increasing irradiation temperature. The examination results are used to provide interpretation of in-reactor creep, density change and post irradiation tensile behavior.

  12. Lattice study of light scalar tetraquarks with I=0,2,1/2,3/2: Are {sigma} and {kappa} tetraquarks?

    SciTech Connect

    Prelovsek, Sasa; Draper, Terrence; Liu, Keh-Fei; Lang, Christian B.; Limmer, Markus; Mathur, Nilmani; Mohler, Daniel

    2010-11-01

    We investigate whether the lightest scalar mesons {sigma} and {kappa} have a large tetraquark component qqqq, as is strongly supported by many phenomenological studies. A search for possible light tetraquark states with J{sup PC}=0{sup ++} and I=0,2,1/2,3/2 on the lattice is presented. We perform the two-flavor dynamical simulation with chirally improved quarks and the quenched simulation with overlap quarks, finding qualitative agreement between both results. The spectrum is determined using the generalized eigenvalue method with a number of tetraquark interpolators at the source and the sink, and we omit the disconnected contractions. The time dependence of the eigenvalues at the finite temporal extent of the lattice is explored also analytically. In all the channels, we unavoidably find the lowest scattering states {pi}(k){pi}(-k) or K(k){pi}(-k) with back-to-back momentum k=0,2{pi}/L,.... However, we find an additional light state in the I=0 and I=1/2 channels, which may be interpreted as the observed resonances {sigma} and {kappa} with a sizable tetraquark component. In the exotic repulsive channels I=2 and I=3/2, where no resonance is observed, we find no light state in addition to the scattering states.

  13. Introduction to benchmark dose methods and U.S. EPA's benchmark dose software (BMDS) version 2.1.1

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, J. Allen; Gift, Jeffrey S.; Zhao, Q. Jay

    2011-07-15

    Traditionally, the No-Observed-Adverse-Effect-Level (NOAEL) approach has been used to determine the point of departure (POD) from animal toxicology data for use in human health risk assessments. However, this approach is subject to substantial limitations that have been well defined, such as strict dependence on the dose selection, dose spacing, and sample size of the study from which the critical effect has been identified. Also, the NOAEL approach fails to take into consideration the shape of the dose-response curve and other related information. The benchmark dose (BMD) method, originally proposed as an alternative to the NOAEL methodology in the 1980s, addresses many of the limitations of the NOAEL method. It is less dependent on dose selection and spacing, and it takes into account the shape of the dose-response curve. In addition, the estimation of a BMD 95% lower bound confidence limit (BMDL) results in a POD that appropriately accounts for study quality (i.e., sample size). With the recent advent of user-friendly BMD software programs, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (U.S. EPA) Benchmark Dose Software (BMDS), BMD has become the method of choice for many health organizations world-wide. This paper discusses the BMD methods and corresponding software (i.e., BMDS version 2.1.1) that have been developed by the U.S. EPA, and includes a comparison with recently released European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) BMD guidance.

  14. Neutron and proton electric dipole moments from Nf=2+1 domain-wall fermion lattice QCD

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Shintani, Eigo; Blum, Thomas; Izubuchi, Taku; Soni, Amarjit

    2016-05-05

    We present a lattice calculation of the neutron and proton electric dipole moments (EDM’s) with Nf = 2 + 1 flavors of domain-wall fermions. The neutron and proton EDM form factors are extracted from three-point functions at the next-to-leading order in the θ vacuum of QCD. In this computation, we use pion masses 330 and 420 MeV and 2.7 fm3 lattices with Iwasaki gauge action and a 170 MeV pion and 4.6 fm3 lattice with I-DSDR gauge action, all generated by the RBC and UKQCD collaborations. The all-mode-averaging technique enables an efficient, high statistics calculation; however the statistical errors onmore » our results are still relatively large, so we investigate a new direction to reduce them, reweighting with the local topological charge density which appears promising. Furthermore, we discuss the chiral behavior and finite size effects of the EDM’s in the context of baryon chiral perturbation theory.« less

  15. THE ARIZONA RADIO OBSERVATORY CO MAPPING SURVEY OF GALACTIC MOLECULAR CLOUDS. IV. THE NGC 1333 CLOUD IN PERSEUS IN CO J = 2-1 AND {sup 13}CO J = 2-1

    SciTech Connect

    Bieging, John H.; Revelle, Melissa; Peters, William L.

    2014-09-01

    We mapped the NGC 1333 section of the Perseus Molecular Cloud in the J = 2-1 emission lines of {sup 12}CO and {sup 13}CO over a 50' 60' region (3.4 4.1 pc at the cloud distance of 235 pc), using the Arizona Radio Observatory Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope. The angular resolution is 38'' (0.04 pc) and velocity resolution is 0.3 km s{sup 1}. We compare our velocity moment maps with known positions of young stellar objects (YSOs) and (sub)millimeter dust continuum emission. The CO emission is brightest at the center of the cluster of YSOs, but is detected over the full extent of the mapped region at ?10 rms. The morphology of the CO channel maps shows a kinematically complex structure, with many elongated features extending from the YSO cluster outward by ?1 pc. One notable feature appears as a narrow serpentine structure that curves and doubles back, with a total length of ?3 pc. The {sup 13}CO velocity channel maps show evidence for many low-density cavities surrounded by partial shell-like structures, consistent with previous studies. Maps of the velocity moments show localized effects of bipolar outflows from embedded YSOs, as well as a large-scale velocity gradient around the central core of YSOs, suggestive of large-scale turbulent cloud motions determining the location of current star formation. The CO/{sup 13}CO intensity ratios show the distribution of the CO opacity, which exhibits a complex kinematic structure. Identified YSOs are located mainly at the positions of greatest CO opacity. The maps are available for download as FITS files.

  16. Residential applliance data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    SciTech Connect

    Hwang, R.J,; Johnson, F.X.; Brown, R.E.; Hanford, J.W.; Kommey, J.G.

    1994-05-01

    This report details the data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting of appliance energy use in the US residential sector. Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. In this modeling framework, appliances include essentially all residential end-uses other than space conditioning end-uses. We have defined a distinct appliance model for each end-use based on a common modeling framework provided in the REEPS software. This report details our development of the following appliance models: refrigerator, freezer, dryer, water heater, clothes washer, dishwasher, lighting, cooking and miscellaneous. Taken together, appliances account for approximately 70% of electricity consumption and 30% of natural gas consumption in the US residential sector. Appliances are thus important to those residential sector policies or programs aimed at improving the efficiency of electricity and natural gas consumption. This report is primarily methodological in nature, taking the reader through the entire process of developing the baseline for residential appliance end-uses. Analysis steps documented in this report include: gathering technology and market data for each appliance end-use and specific technologies within those end-uses, developing cost data for the various technologies, and specifying decision models to forecast future purchase decisions by households. Our implementation of the REEPS 2.1 modeling framework draws on the extensive technology, cost and market data assembled by LBL for the purpose of analyzing federal energy conservation standards. The resulting residential appliance forecasting model offers a flexible and accurate tool for analyzing the effect of policies at the national level.

  17. B → Dℓν form factors at nonzero recoil and |Vcb| from 2+1-flavor lattice QCD

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Bailey, Jon A.

    2015-08-10

    We present the first unquenched lattice-QCD calculation of the hadronic form factors for the exclusive decay B¯→Dℓν¯ at nonzero recoil. We carry out numerical simulations on 14 ensembles of gauge-field configurations generated with 2+1 flavors of asqtad-improved staggered sea quarks. The ensembles encompass a wide range of lattice spacings (approximately 0.045 to 0.12 fm) and ratios of light (up and down) to strange sea-quark masses ranging from 0.05 to 0.4. For the b and c valence quarks we use improved Wilson fermions with the Fermilab interpretation, while for the light valence quarks we use asqtad-improved staggered fermions. We extrapolate ourmore » results to the physical point using rooted staggered heavy-light meson chiral perturbation theory. We then parametrize the form factors and extend them to the full kinematic range using model-independent functions based on analyticity and unitarity. We present our final results for f+(q2) and f0(q2), including statistical and systematic errors, as coefficients of a series in the variable z and the covariance matrix between these coefficients. We then fit the lattice form-factor data jointly with the experimentally measured differential decay rate from BABAR to determine the CKM matrix element, |Vcb|=(39.6 ± 1.7QCD+exp ± 0.2QED) × 10–3. As a byproduct of the joint fit we obtain the form factors with improved precision at large recoil. In conclusion, we use them to update our calculation of the ratio R(D) in the Standard Model, which yields R(D)=0.299(11).« less

  18. Meson-meson bound state in a 2+1 lattice QCD model with two flavors and strong coupling

    SciTech Connect

    Faria da Veiga, Paulo A.; O'Carroll, Michael; Neto, Antonio Francisco

    2005-08-01

    We consider the existence of bound states of two mesons in an imaginary-time formulation of lattice QCD. We analyze an SU(3) theory with two flavors in 2+1 dimensions and two-dimensional spin matrices. For a small hopping parameter and a sufficiently large glueball mass, as a preliminary, we show the existence of isoscalar and isovector mesonlike particles that have isolated dispersion curves (upper gap up to near the two-particle threshold {approx}-4ln{kappa}). The corresponding meson masses are equal up to and including O({kappa}{sup 3}) and are asymptotically of order -2ln{kappa}-{kappa}{sup 2}. Considering the zero total isospin sector, we show that there is a meson-meson bound state solution to the Bethe-Salpeter equation in a ladder approximation, below the two-meson threshold, and with binding energy of order b{kappa}{sup 2}{approx_equal}0.02359{kappa}{sup 2}. In the context of the strong coupling expansion in {kappa}, we show that there are two sources of meson-meson attraction. One comes from a quark-antiquark exchange. This is not a meson exchange, as the spin indices are not those of the meson particle, and we refer to this as a quasimeson exchange. The other arises from gauge field correlations of four overlapping bonds, two positively oriented and two of opposite orientation. Although the exchange part gives rise to a space range-one attractive potential, the main mechanism for the formation of the bound state comes from the gauge contribution. In our lattice Bethe-Salpeter equation approach, this mechanism is manifested by an attractive distance-zero energy-dependent potential. We recall that no bound state appeared in the one-flavor case, where the repulsive effect of Pauli exclusion is stronger.

  19. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Preview of TWP MFRSR Data Submitter: Chuang, C., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1. MFRSR data from the TWP site (97/09/10) Figure 2. Aerosol optical depth and Angstrom exponent Figure 3. Water vapor derived from MFRSR and MWR Figure 1. MFRSR data from the TWP site (97/09/10) Figure 2. Aerosol optical depth and Angstrom exponent Figure 3. Water vapor derived from MFRSR and MWR Key

  20. EA-106 Arizona Public Service (MX).pdf

    Energy Saver

    EA-1037; Final Environmental Assessment for the Uranium Lease Management Program July 1995 (DOE/EA-1037) Table of Contents Glossary 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Purpose and Need for Action 3.0 Description of Alternatives 4.0 Affected Environment 5.0 Environmental Impacts 6.0 List of Persons Consulted 7.0 References Figures Figure 1. Uranium Lease Management Program Lease Tract Map Figure 2. Transportation Haul Routes Figure 3. Uravan Lease Tract Area Figure 4. Paradox Valley Lease Tract Area Figure 5.

  1. Beckmann rearrangement and reduction of the E isomer of 1,5,5-trimethylbicyclo(2. 2. 1)heptan-2-one oxime

    SciTech Connect

    Kozlov, N.G.; Popova, L.A.

    1987-10-10

    In the Beckmann rearrangement of the E isomer of 1,5,5-trimethylbicyclo(2.2.1)-heptan-2-one (isofenchone)oxime 1,6,6-trimethyl-2-azabicyclo(3.2.1)octan-3-one was obtained as a result of stereospecific migration of the C/sup 2/ carbon atom situated in the anti position to the hydroxime hydroxyl group. Reduction of the product with lithium aluminum hydride led to 1,6,6-trimethyl-2-azabicyclo(3.2.1)-octane. Reduction of isofenchone oxime with lithium aluminum hydride in THF leads to the formation of a mixture of 1,5,5-trimethylbicyclo(2.2.1)hept-2-yl-endo-amine, the corresponding exo-amine, and 1,6,6-trimethyl-2-aza- and 1,6,6-trimethyl-3-azabicyclo(3.2.1)octanes in ratios of 45:10:5:40. The /sup 1/H and /sup 13/C NMR spectra were measured on a Bruker WM-360 spectrometer at 360 MHz for /sup 1/H and 90 MHz for /sup 13/C. The compounds were prepared for the spectra in the form of 10% solutions in deuterochloroform.

  2. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    located them in Darwin to support the TWP sites. 3 Sixteenth ARM Science Team Meeting Proceedings, Albuquerque, NM, March 27 - 31, 2006 Figure 4. TWP 20052006 Uptime Figure 4...

  3. H

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    ... o f s ilica c oncentration ( log SiO 2 ) a nd c ation---hydrogen i on a ctivities. ... A more recent geologic map (Figure 2; Faulds et al., 2012) and E-W cross-section (Figure ...

  4. 1

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    ... The peak in droplet concentration in Figure 3, for example, is well above cloud base. Regions of in-cloud convergence near updraft boundaries (Figure 3, bottom panel) imply that ...

  5. 1

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    ... Figure 2. Contour plot of the NO 3 SO 4 ion concentration ratios (mean values for the ... mode effective radius time series (right) for E13 site from Figure 1 (left bottom panel). ...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Alternative Fuel and Advanced...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Figure 1. * Because an incentive, law, or regulation may apply to more than one technology ... Regulations by Type Figure 3. * Because a law or regulation may apply to more than one ...

  7. TITLE

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    ... Sampling Locations FIGURE 42: Building 28, Bosement, Indicating Reference Grid 51 REMEDIATED AREA MEASUREMENT FOET LOCATIONS UElERS 1 SINGLE-PO1NT FOR SCALE AND PARTS FIGURE 43: ...

  8. final ERI-2142 18-1501 Analysis of Potential Effects on Domestic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... and Long-Term SWU Market Price Indicators 15 Figure 2.8 Forecast of World Supply and Requirements for Enrichment Services 16 Figure 2.9 U.S. Requirements for Nuclear Fuel ...

  9. Microsoft Word - TOC&Units.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... 1-15 Figure 1-7 2004 Wind Rose, 33-Foot (10-Meter) Height...... 1-17 Figure 1-8 2004 Wind Rose, 197-Foot (60-Meter) ...

  10. CRISPR RNA-guided Surveillance in Escherichia Coli | Stanford...

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    CRISPR RNA-guided Surveillance in Escherichia Coli Friday, January 30, 2015 CRISPR figure Figure 1. Overview of the Cascade crystal structure (PDB 4TVX). A) Shown is a schematic of...

  11. Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United...

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    of average annual power using 2 and 42 bending moment (BM) deendencies. Figure 3.2. PROP output for the AWT-26 model. 33 Figure 3.3. Power to Average Power Conversion. 33...

  12. 15100r08.fm

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... There is a systematic relationship between the faults and a number of gas and oil ... Figure 2.2. Main ATLAS screen displays oil and gas well locations. Figure 2.3. ATLAS Edit ...

  13. Development of Aerosol Models for Radiative Flux Calculations...

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    ... the Texas and Louisiana urban and industrial areas (T1 and T2 in Figure 1b) have the highest aerosol loading (Figure 3) and K + fraction (a marker for biomass burning) but can ...

  14. Predicting Chemical Pathways for Li-O2 Batteries - Joint Center...

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    March 6, 2014, Research Highlights Predicting Chemical Pathways for Li-O2 Batteries ... figure) and (LiO2)6 (red curve, upper figure) to Li2O2 using quantum chemical theory. ...

  15. Microsoft Word - Attachment M.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    M FIGURES RESERVED Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Permit November 30, 2010 (This page intentionally blank) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Permit November 30, 2010 PERMIT ATTACHMENT M Page M-i ATTACHMENT M FIGURES RESERVED

  16. Structure of P-Glycoprotein Reveals a Molecular Basis for Poly...

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    for Poly-Specific Drug Binding figure 1 Figure 1. Structure of P-gp. Many forms of cancer fail to respond to chemotherapy by acquiring multidrug resistance (MDR), to which has...

  17. Direct Thermal Receivers Using Near Blackbody Configurations...

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    Contact NREL About This Technology Figure 1. Schematic of the cylinder acting as a near-blackbody receiver when solar radiation enters the cylinder&39;s left end
    Figure 1. ...

  18. 1

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    ... Petersburg, Florida, April 8-12, 2002 Figure 8. As in Figure 6, except for the dependency ... Acknowledgments This research was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Grant No. ...

  19. SORD Technical Memorandum SORD 2006-3

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    62 Figure 18. DRA Solar Radiation for June 20, 2004, a nearly cloud-free day. Figure 19. DRA Solar Radiation for September 22, 2004, a nearly cloud-free day. 63 VIII. ATMOSPHERIC...

  20. X:\\ARM_19~1\\P225-243.WPD

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    Figure 1. Line-by-line, layer-by-layer simulation of prototype SORTI spectrum from ... Spectra are on the same scale. Figure 3. Solar spectrum on March 14, 1995. Resolution 4 cm ...

  1. Structure of the CRA-2014: Structure of the CRA-2014

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    ... Figure STRUCT-1 maps all 23 sections and 13 appendices and the relationship of each appendix to specific sections in the CRA-2014. 2014 CRA Pictoral Road Map102313.bmp Figure ...

  2. Developing El Niño The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administratio...

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    ... The site at Manus Island (Figure 3), Papua New Guinea, is always in the "warm pool," whereas the site on the island of Nauru (Figure 4), approximately 1200 miles to the east, is in ...

  3. SORD Technical Memorandum SORD 2006-3

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    62 Figure 18. DRA Solar Radiation for June 20, 2004, a nearly cloud-free day. Figure 19. DRA Solar Radiation for September 22, 2004, a nearly cloud-free day. 63 VIII. ATMOSPHERIC ...

  4. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 3A: Low Levels...

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    ... Figure 24. LVPL-induced instability in active current Figure 25. LVPL-induced instability observed at the WTG terminal voltages The abrupt drop in voltage caused by the fast ...

  5. DOI: 10

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    ... 1 qm on average, (Figure 2b), whereas for 40% RH, it is approximately 300 nm (Figure 2d). ... RH).25 Utilization of ion-containing materials provide a clear competitive advantage in ...

  6. Electricity | Open Energy Information

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    AEO2011 report Full figure data for Figure 76. Reference Case Tables Table 1. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - New England Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source...

  7. Microsoft Word - 2015-03-17_FINALRev0_SRNL-RP-2014-01198c

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    ... thermal runaway time with a hot radiation boundary ... Figure D-46: Total emittance of water vapor 135 Figure D-47: ... contents and distribution based on x-rays of Drum 68660 153 ...

  8. michalsky-98.pdf

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    of this figure see http:www.arm.govdocsdocumentstechnical conf9803michalsky- 98.pdf). Figure 2. Ratio of spectral sensitivity in countsWm -2 nm -1 at beginning and end of...

  9. Giant Controllable Magnetization ...

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    ... Figure 1(b) (red line) also shows how applying a saturation magnetic field of 1T, then ... in the nuclear scattering length density (NSLD) profiles as the red curve in Figure 2(c). ...

  10. To be submitted to: Rev

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    ... Figure 1 illustrates the CSAF surface with three components in red, green and blue with a ... these channels are marked with red circles in Figure 6. The conversion values ...

  11. Final Technical Report

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    ... If the singlet bipolaron comprises the majority (Figure 1a, red line), the susceptibility ... nanohybrid solution becomes darker due to a red shift in the photoabsorption (Figure 5c). ...

  12. Selective Catalaytic Oxidation of Hydrogen Sulfide to Elemental...

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    ... Figure 6 is a highly tentative roadmap for maturing this technology. Figure 6. Tentative roadmap for SCOHS process development. FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 >FY04 Proof-of-Concept Catalyst ...

  13. Microsoft Word - LBNL58878_cover.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Core plugs measuring 2.54 cm in diameter (1") that were obtained from the hand samples were used for the rock-property measurements (Figure 1). Figure 1. Core plugs of samples ...

  14. Collisional-Radiative Modeling of Tungsten at Temperatures of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... by RATS. Calculations were performed in the relativistic configuration-average mode. ... RCA calculations shown in Figure 2. 2e+20 1.5e+20 1e+20 1 J 5e+19 0 Figure 3. Emission ...

  15. Room Temperature Ferrimagnetism and Ferroelectricity in Strained...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... panel) at 300 K in total electron yield mode (TEY) after pulsing at 9.5 kOe for Filml. ... the phase right after poling shown in Figure 5d, d) reading again after 24 h (Figure 5e). ...

  16. Section 43

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The values obtained from the RTC were calculated using the observed LWP (Figure 7) and the effective radius profile (Figure 8), (a) CERES - Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System ...

  17. ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD JtQS'&L ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... Figure IV-2 From Smith and Black, EPA-6006-84-020, 1984. (Figure 4. Average 90 Sr ... G. D. Potter G. R. Eisele J. Barth D. D. Smith F. H. F. Au, W. F. Beckert W. E. Martin, S. ...

  18. Microsoft Word - S06815_2010 Ann Rpt

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... The best demonstration of changes in sulfate since the onset of remediation is provided in Figure 1-17 (see plume map comparison). In this figure, marked reductions in sulfate ...

  19. Microsoft Word - Frontiers_DUAN_12_R.docx

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... of MgO (red line in Figure 4) to a higher temperature range (green line in Figure 4). ... Therefore, the heat of reaction and free energy change of CO2 capture reaction by ...

  20. Deconstructing the Peptide-MHC Specificity of T Cell Recognition...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Deconstructing the Peptide-MHC Specificity of T Cell Recognition Saturday, May 31, 2014 T Cell Figure Figure 1. Overlay of TCR-pMHC structures for 2B4 recognizing MCC (PDB ID: ...

  1. Thermodynamic properties and ideal-gas enthalpies of formation for butyl vinyl ether, 1,2-dimethoxyethane, methyl glycolate, bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, 5-vinylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, trans-azobenzene, butyl acrylate, di-tert-butyl ether, and hexane-1,6-diol

    SciTech Connect

    Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Nguyen, A.; Smith, N.K.

    1996-11-01

    Ideal-gas enthalpies of formation of butyl vinyl ether, 1,2-dimethoxyethane, methyl glycolate, bicyclo-[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, 5-vinylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, trans-azobenzene, butyl acrylate, di-tert-butyl ether, and hexane-1,6-diol are reported. Enthalpies of fusion were determined for bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene and trans-azobenzene. Two-phase (solid + vapor) or (liquid + vapor) heat capacities were determined from 300 K to the critical region or earlier decomposition temperature for each compound studied. Liquid-phase densities along the saturation line were measured for bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene. For butyl vinyl ether and 1,2-dimethoxyethane, critical temperatures and critical densities were determined from the dsc results and corresponding critical pressures derived from the fitting procedures. Fitting procedures were used to derive critical temperatures, critical pressures, and critical densities for bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, 5-vinylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, trans-azobenzene, butyl acrylate, and di-tert-butyl ether. Group-additivity parameters or ring-correction terms useful in the application of the Benson group-contribution correlations were derived.

  2. Field Monitoring Protocol: Mini-Split Heat Pumps

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ......... 24 Figure 16. MSHP outdoor condensing unit total power ... humidity RPM revolutions per minute SEER seasonal energy efficiency ratio 1 ...

  3. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Mogas Stocks Figure 2. Stocks of Total Motor Gasoline by PAD District, January 2015 to Present

  4. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Distillate Stocks Figure 3. Stocks of Distillate Fuel Oil by PAD District, January 2015 to Present

  5. 1

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... 37: Building 17, Second Floor, East Storage Area Cabinet - Measurement Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 FIGURE 38: Building 17, Second Floor Supply ...

  6. Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement for the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Table of Contents List of Figures .......................................................................................................................................... xviii List of Tables ............................................................................................................................................. lvii List of Acronyms and Abbreviations ......................................................................................................... cvi Measurement

  7. Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-X-ray free-electron laser (CXIDB ID 3)

    DOE Data Explorer

    Chapman, H. N.

    The diffraction pattern of this entry corresponds to the one shown in **figure 2a** of the corresponding citation.

  8. Life Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel for Use...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ...162 Figure 73: Ranking of Electricity Requirements for Our Process Design Model and for Current Comparable Technology...

  9. Microsoft Word - FINAL_TECHNICAL_REPORT.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ......... 27 Figure 16 Comparison between simulation and experimental results: (a) Top view of final simulated inclusion locations. ...

  10. A Combined Water Heater, Dehumidifier, and Cooler (WHDC) | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy A Combined Water Heater, Dehumidifier, and Cooler (WHDC) A Combined Water Heater, Dehumidifier, and Cooler (WHDC) Figure 1: The system model for the combined Water heater, dehumidifier and cooler (WHDC). Figure 1: The system model for the combined Water heater, dehumidifier and cooler (WHDC). Figure 2: Initial test results from a water heater and dehumidifier utilizing LiBr as a working fluid being tested at UF: System COP and capacity for different heat inputs. Figure 2: Initial test

  11. Methods for Analyzing the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Photovolta...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ......... 53 Figure A-1. Voltage drop across a distribution feeder as a function of the distance from the substation, ...

  12. Correction to “Quantitatively probing the Al distribution in zeolites”

    SciTech Connect

    Vjunov, Aleksei; Fulton, John L.; Huthwelker, Thomas; Pin, Sonia; Mei, Donghai; Schenter, Gregory K.; Govind, Niranjan; Camaioni, Donald M.; Hu, Jian Z.; Lercher, Johannes A.

    2015-02-18

    This is a correction of the published article, which fixes errors in the spectra depicted in figures 9 and 10.

  13. SANDIA REPORT

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 32 Figure 16. DowntimesSuspension Times SQL Query ......including installation details, customer contact information, and incident report history. ...

  14. Reliability of Transport Properties for Bulk Thermoelectrics

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents international round-robin study to ensure quality of transport data and figure of merit of thermoelectric materials

  15. Cyberinfrastructure | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information Cyberinfrastructure Innovation | Research | Diffusion | Accelerator | Related Links Dr. Daniel E. Atkins, head of the National Science Foundation's Office of Cyberinfrastructure, portrays the nation's science cyberinfrastrure as in Figure 1 below. Figure 2 shows OSTI's position within the cyberinfrastructure. Cyberinfrastructure Figure 1: N.S.F. view of cyberinfrastructure Figure 1 Image courtesy of Dr. José-Marie Griffiths National Science Board Dean, School of

  16. Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-X-ray free-electron laser (CXIDB ID 3)

    DOE Data Explorer

    Chapman, H. N.

    2011-02-23

    The diffraction pattern of this entry corresponds to the one shown in **figure 2a** of the corresponding citation.

  17. Contract No. W-7405-eng-26 Health and Safety Research Division

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    CARBIDE CORPORATION for the DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES . . . . . . . . ... Area C (Former Rplling Area) ...... Equipment in Storage ...... . ...

  18. DE-EE0005449 High-Voltage Solid Polymer ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... 20 Figure 15: Cycling of 270 W hkg V205 test cells............24 Table 5: Safety Test Results......

  19. Effects of dissimilatory sulfate reduction on iron (hydr)oxide...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and microbial community development. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. http:www.sciencedirect.comsciencearticlepiiS0016703713005462 Figure 1: Aquatic and terrestrial...

  20. RPSEA Final Report

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 1 Figure 2 Crossplot of permeability vs. porosity of the Arbuckle dolomite core samples from Ogallah unit...

  1. Network_Plan_2008_Main

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    .........31 Figure 7 - J.D. Smith ......Site Spatial Scale Objective Craig Road Neighborhood Population exposure J.D. Smith ...

  2. Health Effects from Advanced Combustion and Fuel Technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Barone, Teresa L; Parks, II, James E; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur; Connatser, Raynella M

    2010-01-01

    This document requires a separate file for the figures. It is for DOE's Office of Vehicle Technologies Annual Report

  3. Up-regulation of K{sub ir}2.1 by ER stress facilitates cell death of brain capillary endothelial cells

    SciTech Connect

    Kito, Hiroaki; Yamazaki, Daiju; Department of Biological Chemistry, Kyoto University, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto; Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya ; Ohya, Susumu; Yamamura, Hisao; Asai, Kiyofumi; Imaizumi, Yuji

    2011-07-29

    Highlights: {yields} We found that application of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress with tunicamycin to brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) induced cell death. {yields} The ER stress facilitated the expression of inward rectifier K{sup +} channel (K{sub ir}2.1) and induced sustained membrane hyperpolarization. {yields} The membrane hyperpolarization induced sustained Ca{sup 2+} entry through voltage-independent nonspecific cation channels and consequently facilitated cell death. {yields} The K{sub ir}2.1 up-regulation by ER stress is, at least in part, responsible for cell death of BCECs under pathological conditions. -- Abstract: Brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) form blood brain barrier (BBB) to maintain brain homeostasis. Cell turnover of BCECs by the balance of cell proliferation and cell death is critical for maintaining the integrity of BBB. Here we found that stimuli with tunicamycin, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer, up-regulated inward rectifier K{sup +} channel (K{sub ir}2.1) and facilitated cell death in t-BBEC117, a cell line derived from bovine BCECs. The activation of K{sub ir} channels contributed to the establishment of deeply negative resting membrane potential in t-BBEC117. The deep resting membrane potential increased the resting intracellular Ca{sup 2+} concentration due to Ca{sup 2+} influx through non-selective cation channels and thereby partly but significantly regulated cell death in t-BBEC117. The present results suggest that the up-regulation of K{sub ir}2.1 is, at least in part, responsible for cell death/cell turnover of BCECs induced by a variety of cellular stresses, particularly ER stress, under pathological conditions.

  4. Beamline 8.2.1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural...

  5. Beamline 8.2.1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photonssec Resolving power (EE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.5 (v) mrad Measured spot size (FWHM) 100 m Endstations...

  6. TTW 2-1-10

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2010 WIPP Quick Facts (As of 1-31-10) 8,188 Shipments received since opening (7,869 CH and 319 RH) 65,198 Cubic meters of waste disposed (65,043 CH and 155 RH) 127,413 Containers disposed in the underground (127,101 CH and 312 RH) WIPP operations resume following outage Employees work in WIPP's underground during the extended maintenance outage. The outage ended on December 31 and waste handling and disposal has resumed. WIPP is back in disposal mode following a six-week maintenance outage.

  7. Beamline 8.2.1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology ...

  8. Beamline 8.2.1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Berkeley Center for Structural Biology Office phone: (510) 495-2594 Cell: (510) 813-4148 fax: (510) 486-5664 Simon Morton...

  9. Comparison of Integral Parameter Estimated Uncertainties in Fast Neutron Systems with COMMARA-2.1 and COMMARA-2.0 Covariance Data

    SciTech Connect

    Palmiotti, Giuseppe; Salvatores, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    This paper shows the main differences between the COMMARA-2.0 and COMMARA-2.1 evaluated covariance data in the uncertainty estimation of integral parameters of interest for a large number of typical innovative fast neutron systems. The study provides some guidelines to the nuclear data evaluators on which materials and which reaction types need to be evaluated most accurately to achieve reliable results in computational analyses of similar systems. The assessment of the quality and reliability of the covariance data is outside the scope of the study.

  10. Comparison of Integral Parameter Estimated Uncertainties in Fast Neutron Systems with COMMARA-2.1 and COMMARA-2.0 Covariance Data

    SciTech Connect

    Aliberti, G.; Palmiotti, G.; Salvatores, M.

    2015-01-15

    This paper shows the main differences between the COMMARA-2.0 and COMMARA-2.1 evaluated covariance data in the uncertainty estimation of integral parameters of interest for a large number of typical innovative fast neutron systems. The study provides some guidelines to the nuclear data evaluators on which materials and which reaction types need to be evaluated most accurately to achieve reliable results in computational analyses of similar systems. The assessment of the quality and reliability of the covariance data is outside the scope of the study.

  11. Structural Determination of Marine Bacteriogenic Manganese Oxides

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Determination of Marine Bacteriogenic Manganese Oxides John R. Bargar1, Samuel M. Webb2, and Bradley M. Tebo2 1Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory 2Oregon Health and Sciences University Figure 1. Top: Half of the Earth's annual photosynthetic CO2 fixation budget is attributable to oceanic phytoplankton. Mangan-ese required for this photo-synthetic activity is derived largely from bacteriogenic man-ganese oxides. Bottom: man-ganese oxides precipitated around a spore (cell) of the marine

  12. 1918 Influenza Pandemic Strain

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    James Stevens1 and Ian A. Wilson1,2 1Department of Molecular Biology and 2Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037 Figure 1. Ribbon representation of the hemagglutinin HA0 trimer from the 1918 influenza virus. Each monomer possesses two important sites: 1) the 'Receptor binding site' (blue shade) for virus attachment to the host lung epithelial cells via sialic acid containing host cell receptors. 2) the 'Cleavage

  13. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeling Cloud Forcing in the Tropical West Pacific Submitter: Kiehl, J., NCAR Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Petch, J.C., and J.T. Kiehl, 1997: "Investigating Cloud Radiative Forcing in the Tropical West Pacific Using a Single Column Model." In Proceedings from the Seventh ARM Science Team Meeting, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure

  14. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeled Vs. Measured Direct-Normal Solar Irradiance Submitter: Schwartz, S. E., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Halthore R. N., Schwartz, S. E., Michalsky, J. J., Anderson, G. P., Ferrare R. A., Holben B. N., and ten Brink H. M. 1997. "Comparison of Model Estimated and Measured Direct-Normal Solar Irradiance," J. Geophys. Res. 102(D25): 29991-30002 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 1

  15. CO J = 1-0 AND J = 2-1 LINE OBSERVATIONS OF THE MOLECULAR-CLOUD-BLOCKED SUPERNOVA REMNANT 3C434.1

    SciTech Connect

    Jeong, Il-Gyo; Koo, Bon-Chul; Cho, Wan-Kee; Kramer, Carsten; Stutzki, Juergen; Byun, Do-Young E-mail: koo@astro.snu.ac.kr

    2013-06-20

    We present the results of CO emission line observations toward the semicircular Galactic supernova remnant (SNR) 3C434.1 (G94.0+1.0). We mapped an area covering the whole SNR in the {sup 12}CO J = 1-0 emission line using the Seoul Radio Astronomy Observatory 6 m telescope and found a large molecular cloud superposed on the faint western part of the SNR. The cloud was elongated along the north-south direction and showed a very good spatial correlation with the radio features of the SNR. We carried out {sup 12}CO J = 2-1 line observations of this cloud using the Koelner Observatorium fuer Sub-Millimeter Astronomie 3 m telescope and found a region in which the {sup 12}CO J = 2-1 to J = 1-0 ratio was high ({approx}1.6). This higher excitation, together with the morphological relation, strongly suggested that the molecular cloud was interacting with the SNR. The systemic velocity of the molecular cloud (-13 km s{sup -1}) gave a kinematic distance of 3.0 kpc to the SNR-molecular cloud system. We derived the physical parameters of the SNR based on this new distance. We examined the variation of the radio spectral index over the remnant and found that it was flatter in the western part, wherein the SNR was interacting with the molecular cloud. We therefore propose that 3C434.1 is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred just outside the boundary of a relatively thin, sheet-like molecular cloud. We present a hydrodynamic model showing that its asymmetric radio morphology can result from its interaction with this blocking molecular cloud.

  16. BLIND DETECTIONS OF CO J = 1-0 IN 11 H-ATLAS GALAXIES AT z = 2.1-3.5 WITH THE GBT/ZPECTROMETER

    SciTech Connect

    Harris, A. I.; Baker, A. J.; Frayer, D. T.; Smail, Ian; Swinbank, A. M.; Riechers, D. A.; Van der Werf, P. P.; Auld, R.; Dariush, A.; Eales, S.; Baes, M.; Bussmann, R. S.; Buttiglione, S.; De Zotti, G.; Cava, A.; Clements, D. L.; Cooray, A.; Dannerbauer, H.; Dunne, L.; Dye, S. E-mail: ajbaker@physics.rutgers.edu; and others

    2012-06-20

    We report measurements of the carbon monoxide ground state rotational transition ({sup 12}C{sup 16}O J = 1-0) with the Zpectrometer ultrawideband spectrometer on the 100 m diameter Green Bank Telescope. The sample comprises 11 galaxies with redshifts between z = 2.1 and 3.5 from a total sample of 24 targets identified by Herschel-ATLAS photometric colors from the SPIRE instrument. Nine of the CO measurements are new redshift determinations, substantially adding to the number of detections of galaxies with rest-frame peak submillimeter emission near 100 {mu}m. The CO detections confirm the existence of massive gas reservoirs within these luminous dusty star-forming galaxies (DSFGs). The CO redshift distribution of the 350 {mu}m selected galaxies is strikingly similar to the optical redshifts of 850 {mu}m-selected submillimeter galaxies in 2.1 {<=} z {<=} 3.5. Spectroscopic redshifts break a temperature-redshift degeneracy; optically thin dust models fit to the far-infrared photometry indicate characteristic dust temperatures near 34 K for most of the galaxies we detect in CO. Detections of two warmer galaxies, and statistically significant nondetections, hint at warmer or molecule-poor DSFGs with redshifts that are difficult to determine from Herschel-SPIRE photometric colors alone. Many of the galaxies identified by H-ATLAS photometry are expected to be amplified by foreground gravitational lenses. Analysis of CO linewidths and luminosities provides a method for finding approximate gravitational lens magnifications {mu} from spectroscopic data alone, yielding {mu} {approx} 3-20. Corrected for magnification, most galaxy luminosities are consistent with an ultraluminous infrared galaxy classification, but three are candidate hyper-LIRGs with luminosities greater than 10{sup 13} L{sub Sun }.

  17. Recoil Polarization Measurements for Neutral Pion Electroproduction at Q^2=1 (GeV/c)^2 Near the Delta Resonance

    SciTech Connect

    James Kelly; et. Al.

    2005-09-01

    We measured angular distributions of differential cross section, beam analyzing power, and recoil polarization for neutral pion electroproduction at Q{sup 2} = 1.0 (GeV/c){sup 2} in 10 bins of W across the Delta resonance. A total of 16 independent response functions were extracted, of which 12 were observed for the first time. Comparisons with recent model calculations show that response functions governed by real parts of interference products are determined relatively well near 1.232 GeV, but variations among models is large for response functions governed by imaginary parts and for both increases rapidly with W. We performed a nearly model-independent multipole analysis that adjusts complex multipoles with high partial waves constrained by baseline models. Parabolic fits to the W dependence of the multipole analysis around the Delta mass gives values for SMR = (-6.61 +/- 0.18)% and EMR = (-2.87 +/- 0.19)% that are distinctly larger than those from Legendre analysis of the same data. Similarly, the multipole analysis gives Re(S0+/M1+) = (+7.1 +/- 0.8)% at W=1.232 GeV, consistent with recent models, while the traditional Legendre analysis gives the opposite sign because its truncation errors are quite severe. Finally, using a unitary isobar model (UIM), we find that excitation of the Roper resonance is dominantly longitudinal with S1/2 = (0.05 +/- 0.01) GeV{sup (-1/2)} at Q{sup 2}=1. The ReS0+ and ReE0+ multipoles favor pseudovector coupling over pseudoscalar coupling or a recently proposed mixed-coupling scheme, but the UIM does not reproduce the imaginary parts of 0+ multipoles well.

  18. To stack or not to stack: Spectral energy distribution properties of Lyα-emitting galaxies at z = 2.1

    SciTech Connect

    Vargas, Carlos J.; Bish, Hannah; Gawiser, Eric; Kurczynski, Peter; Acquaviva, Viviana; Finkelstein, Steven L.; Ciardullo, Robin; Gronwall, Caryl; Hagen, Alex; Ashby, Matthew L. N.; Feldmeier, John; Ferguson, Henry; Koekemoer, Anton; Guaita, Lucia; Newman, Jeffrey A.; Padilla, Nelson

    2014-03-01

    We use the Cosmic Assembly Near-Infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) GOODS-S multi-wavelength catalog to identify counterparts for 20 Lyα emitting (LAE) galaxies at z = 2.1. We build several types of stacked spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of these objects. We combine photometry to form average and median flux-stacked SEDs, and postage-stamp images to form average and median image-stacked SEDs. We also introduce scaled flux stacks that eliminate the influence of variation in overall brightness. We use the SED fitting code SpeedyMC to constrain the physical properties of individual objects and stacks. Our LAEs at z = 2.1 have stellar masses ranging from 2 × 10{sup 7} M {sub ☉} to 8 × 10{sup 9} M {sub ☉} (median = 3 × 10{sup 8} M {sub ☉}), ages ranging from 4 Myr to 500 Myr (median = 100 Myr), and E(B – V) between 0.02 and 0.24 (median = 0.12). Although still low, this represents significantly more dust reddening than has been reported for LAEs at higher redshifts. We do not observe strong correlations between Lyα equivalent width (EW) and age or E(B – V). The Lyα radiative transfer (q) factors of our sample are predominantly close to one and do not correlate strongly with EW or E(B – V). The absence of strong correlations with EW or q implies that Lyα radiative transfer is highly anisotropic and/or prevents Lyα photons from scattering in dusty regions. The SED parameters of the flux stacks match the average and median values of the individual objects, with the flux-scaled median SED performing best with uncertainties reduced by a factor of two. Median image-stacked SEDs provide a poor representation of the median individual object, and none of the stacking methods capture the large dispersion of LAE properties.

  19. In situ synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy study of the oxidation of the Ge(100)-2 1 surface by supersonic molecular oxygen beams

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Okada, Ryuta; Yamada, Yoichi; Sasaki, Masahiro

    2014-11-07

    In situ synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy was performed during the oxidation of the Ge(100)-2 1 surface induced by a molecular oxygen beam with various incident energies up to 2.2 eV from the initial to saturation coverage of surface oxides. The saturation coverage of oxygen on the clean Ge(100) surface was much lower than one monolayer and the oxidation state of Ge was +2 at most. This indicates that the Ge(100) surface is so inert toward oxidation that complete oxidation cannot be achieved with only pure oxygen (O{sub 2}) gas, which is in strong contrast to Si surfaces. Two types of dissociative adsorption, trapping-mediated and direct dissociation, were confirmed by oxygen uptake measurements depending on the incident energy of O{sub 2}. The direct adsorption process can be activated by increasing the translational energy, resulting in an increased population of Ge{sup 2+} and a higher final oxygen coverage. We demonstrated that hyperthermal O{sub 2} beams remarkably promote the room-temperature oxidation with novel atomic configurations of oxides at the Ge(100) surface. Our findings will contribute to the fundamental understanding of oxygen adsorption processes at 300 K from the initial stages to saturated oxidation.

  20. Dilaton field minimally coupled to 2+1 gravity; uniqueness of the static Chan-Mann black hole and new dilaton stationary metrics

    SciTech Connect

    García-Diaz, Alberto A.

    2014-01-14

    Using the Schwarzschild coordinate frame for a static cyclic symmetric metric in 2+1 gravity coupled minimally to a dilaton logarithmically depending on the radial coordinate in the presence of an exponential potential, by solving first order linear Einstein equations, the general solution is derived and it is identified with the Chan–Mann dilaton solution. In these coordinates, a new stationary dilaton solution is obtained; it does not allow for a de Sitter–Anti-de Sitter limit at spatial infinity, where its structural functions increase indefinitely. On the other hand, it is horizonless and allows for a naked singularity at the origin of coordinates; moreover, one can identify at a large radial coordinate a (quasi-local) mass parameter and in the whole space a constant angular momentum. Via a general SL(2,R)–transformation, applied on the static cyclic symmetric metric, a family of stationary dilaton solutions has been generated. A particular SL(2,R)–transformation is identified, which gives rise to the rotating Chan–Mann dilaton solution. All the exhibited solutions have been characterized by their quasi-local energy, mass, and momentum through their series expansions at spatial infinity. The algebraic structure of the Ricci–energy-momentum, and Cotton tensors is given explicitly.

  1. Preparation of the Crystal Complex of Phosphopantetheine Adenylyltransferase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis with Coenzyme A and Investigation of Its Three-Dimensional Structure at 2.1-A Resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Timofeev, V. I.; Smirnova, E. A.; Chupova, L. A.; Esipov, R. S.; Kuranova, I. P.

    2010-11-15

    Recombinant phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (PPAT Mt), which was produced by a high-producing strain and purified to 99%, was used for the crystal growth of the complex of the enzyme with coenzyme A (CoA). Crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction study were obtained by cocrystallization. The crystals belong to sp. gr. R32 and have the unit-cell parameters a = b = 98.840 A, c = 112.880 A, {alpha} = {beta} = 90.00{sup o}, and {gamma} = 120.00{sup o}. The three-dimensional structure of the complex was determined based on X-ray diffraction data collected from the crystals to 2.1 A resolution and refined to Rf = 22.7% and Rfree = 25.93%. Active-site bound coenzyme A was found, and its nearest environment was described. The conformational changes of the enzyme due to ligand binding were revealed. The binding of CoA by tuberculosis phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase was characterized by comparing the structures of the title complex to a similar complex of PPAT from E. coli (PPAT Ec).

  2. Combined CDF and D0 Upper Limits on Standard Model Higgs-Boson Production with 2.1 - 5.4 fb-1 of Data

    SciTech Connect

    Collaboration, The CDF; Collaboration, the D0; Physics, the Tevatron New; Group, Higgs Working

    2009-11-01

    We combine results from CDF and D0 on direct searches for a standard model (SM) Higgs boson (H) in p{bar p} collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. Compared to the previous Tevatron Higgs search combination more data have been added and some previously used channels have been reanalyzed to gain sensitivity. We use the latest parton distribution functions and gg {yields} H theoretical cross sections when comparing our limits to the SM predictions. With 2.0-4.8 fb{sup -1} of data analyzed at CDF, and 2.1-5.4 fb{sup -1} at D0, the 95% C.L. upper limits on Higgs boson production are a factor of 2.70 (0.94) times the SM cross section for a Higgs boson mass of m{sub H} = 115 (165) GeV/c{sup 2}. The corresponding median upper limits expected in the absence of Higgs boson production are 1.78 (0.89). The mass range excluded at 95% C.L. for a SM Higgs is 163 < m{sub H} < 166 GeV/c{sup 2}, with an expected exclusion of 159 < m{sub H} < 168 GeV/c{sup 2}.

  3. A nuclear criticality safety assessment of the loss of moderation control in 2 1/2 and 10-ton cylinders containing enriched UF{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect

    Newvahner, R.L.; Pryor, W.A.

    1991-12-31

    Moderation control for maintaining nuclear criticality safety in 2 {1/2}-ton, 10-ton, and 14-ton cylinders containing enriched uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) has been used safely within the nuclear industry for over thirty years, and is dependent on cylinder integrity and containment. This assessment evaluates the loss of moderation control by the breaching of containment and entry of water into the cylinders. The first objective of this study was to estimate the required amounts of water entering these large UF{sub 6} cylinders to react with, and to moderate the uranium compounds sufficiently to cause criticality. Hypothetical accident situations were modeled as a uranyl fluoride (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) slab above a UF{sub 6} hemicylinder, and a UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} sphere centered within a UF{sub 6} hemicylinder. These situations were investigated by computational analyses utilizing the KENO V.a Monte Carlo Computer Code. The results were used to estimate both the masses of water required for criticality, and the limiting masses of water that could be considered safe. The second objective of the assessment was to calculate the time available for emergency control actions before a criticality would occur, i.e., a {open_quotes}safetime{close_quotes}, for various sources of water and different size openings in a breached cylinder. In the situations considered, except the case for a fire hose, the safetime appears adequate for emergency control actions. The assessment shows that current practices for handling moderation controlled cylinders of low enriched UF{sub 6}, along with the continuation of established personnel training programs, ensure nuclear criticality safety for routine and emergency operations.

  4. B → Dℓν form factors at nonzero recoil and |Vcb| from 2+1-flavor lattice QCD

    SciTech Connect

    Bailey, Jon A.

    2015-08-10

    We present the first unquenched lattice-QCD calculation of the hadronic form factors for the exclusive decay B¯→Dℓν¯ at nonzero recoil. We carry out numerical simulations on 14 ensembles of gauge-field configurations generated with 2+1 flavors of asqtad-improved staggered sea quarks. The ensembles encompass a wide range of lattice spacings (approximately 0.045 to 0.12 fm) and ratios of light (up and down) to strange sea-quark masses ranging from 0.05 to 0.4. For the b and c valence quarks we use improved Wilson fermions with the Fermilab interpretation, while for the light valence quarks we use asqtad-improved staggered fermions. We extrapolate our results to the physical point using rooted staggered heavy-light meson chiral perturbation theory. We then parametrize the form factors and extend them to the full kinematic range using model-independent functions based on analyticity and unitarity. We present our final results for f+(q2) and f0(q2), including statistical and systematic errors, as coefficients of a series in the variable z and the covariance matrix between these coefficients. We then fit the lattice form-factor data jointly with the experimentally measured differential decay rate from BABAR to determine the CKM matrix element, |Vcb|=(39.6 ± 1.7QCD+exp ± 0.2QED) × 10–3. As a byproduct of the joint fit we obtain the form factors with improved precision at large recoil. In conclusion, we use them to update our calculation of the ratio R(D) in the Standard Model, which yields R(D)=0.299(11).

  5. SEARCHING FOR NEUTRAL HYDROGEN HALOS AROUND z ∼ 2.1 AND z ∼ 3.1 Lyα EMITTING GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect

    Feldmeier, John J.; Hagen, Alex; Ciardullo, Robin; Gronwall, Caryl; Hagen, Lea M. Z.; Gawiser, Eric; Kurczynski, Peter; Guaita, Lucia; Bond, Nicholas A.; Acquaviva, Viviana; Blanc, Guillermo A.; Orsi, Alvaro

    2013-10-20

    We search for evidence of diffuse Lyα emission from extended neutral hydrogen surrounding Lyα emitting galaxies (LAEs) using deep narrow-band images of the Extended Chandra Deep Field South. By stacking the profiles of 187 LAEs at z = 2.06, 241 LAEs at z = 3.10, and 179 LAEs at z = 3.12, and carefully performing low-surface brightness photometry, we obtain mean surface brightness maps that reach 9.9, 8.7, and 6.2 × 10{sup –19} erg cm{sup –2} s{sup –1} arcsec{sup –2} in the emission line. We undertake a thorough investigation of systematic uncertainties in our surface brightness measurements and find that our limits are 5-10 times larger than would be expected from Poisson background fluctuations; these uncertainties are often underestimated in the literature. At z ∼ 3.1, we find evidence for extended halos with small-scale lengths of 5-8 kpc in some but not all of our sub-samples. We demonstrate that sub-samples of LAEs with low equivalent widths and brighter continuum magnitudes are more likely to possess such halos. At z ∼ 2.1, we find no evidence of extended Lyα emission down to our detection limits. Through Monte-Carlo simulations, we also show that we would have detected large diffuse LAE halos if they were present in our data sets. We compare these findings to other measurements in the literature and discuss possible instrumental and astrophysical reasons for the discrepancies.

  6. Microsoft Word - Kir.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Figure 1. Kir2.1 cytoplasmic domain's backbone and surface are highlighted in yellow merged with KirBac1.1 transmembrane region's backbone and surface in gray. The gate forming tip of the G- loop, amino acids 304-306, is highlighted in red. Cytoplasmic Domain Structures of Kir2.1 and Kir3.1 Show Sites for Modulating Gating and Rectification Scott Pegan 1 , Christine Arrabit 2 , Wei Zhou 1 , Witek Kwiatkowski 1 , Anthony Collins 3 , Paul Slesinger 2 , Senyon Choe 1 Structural Biology 1 and

  7. The Disruption of Vessel-Spanning Bubbles with Sloped Fins in Flat-Bottom and 2:1 Elliptical-Bottom Vessels

    SciTech Connect

    Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Buchmiller, William C.; Jenks, Jeromy WJ; Chun, Jaehun; Russell, Renee L.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Mastor, Michael M.

    2010-09-22

    vessel with a sloped wall is that a small fin decreases the volume of a vessel available for sludge storage by a very small fraction compared to a cone-shaped vessel. The purpose of this study is to quantify the capability of sloped fins to disrupt VSBs and to conduct sufficient tests to estimate the performance of fins in full-scale STSCs. Experiments were conducted with a range of fin shapes to determine what slope and width were sufficient to disrupt VSBs. Additional tests were conducted to demonstrate how the fin performance scales with the sludge layer thickness and the sludge strength, density, and vessel diameter based on the gravity yield parameter, which is a dimensionless ratio of the force necessary to yield the sludge to its weight.( ) Further experiments evaluated the difference between vessels with flat and 2:1 elliptical bottoms and a number of different simulants, including the KW container sludge simulant (complete), which was developed to match actual K-Basin sludge. Testing was conducted in 5-in., 10-in., and 23-in.-diameter vessels to quantify how fin performance is impacted by the size of the test vessel. The most significant results for these scale-up tests are the trend in how behavior changes with vessel size and the results from the 23-in. vessel. The key objective in evaluating fin performance is to determine the conditions that minimize the volume of a VSB when disruption occurs because this reduces the potential for material inside the STSC from being released through vents.

  8. Regulatory Assistance, Stakeholder Outreach, and Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning Activities In Support Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Deployment: Task 2.1.7 Permitting and Planning Fiscal Year 2012 Year-End Report

    SciTech Connect

    Geerlofs, Simon H.; Hanna, Luke A.; Judd, Chaeli R.; Blake, Kara M.

    2012-09-01

    This fiscal year 2012 year-end report summarizes activities carried out under DOE Water Power task 2.1.7, Permitting and Planning. Activities under Task 2.1.7 address the concerns of a wide range of stakeholders with an interest in the development of the MHK industry, including regulatory and resource management agencies, tribes, NGOs, and industry. Objectives for 2.1.7 are the following: • To work with stakeholders to streamline the MHK regulatory permitting process. • To work with stakeholders to gather information on needs and priorities for environmental assessment of MHK development. • To communicate research findings and directions to the MHK industry and stakeholders. • To engage in spatial planning processes in order to further the development of the MHK industry. These objectives are met through three subtasks, each of which are described in this report: • 2.1.7.1—Regulatory Assistance • 2.1.7.2—Stakeholder Outreach • 2.1.7.3—Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning As the MHK industry works with the regulatory community and stakeholders to plan, site, permit and license MHK technologies they have an interest in a predictable, efficient, and transparent process. Stakeholders and regulators have an interest in processes that result in sustainable use of ocean space with minimal effects to existing ocean users. Both stakeholders and regulators have an interest in avoiding legal challenges by meeting the intent of federal, state, and local laws that govern siting and operation of MHK technologies. The intention of work under 2.1.7 is to understand these varied interests, explore mechanisms to reduce conflict, identify efficiencies, and ultimately identify pathways to reduce the regulatory costs, time, and potential environmental impacts associated with developing, siting, permitting, and deploying MHK systems.

  9. REVEALING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MOLECULAR GAS IN ORION WITH A LARGE-SCALE SURVEY IN J = 2-1 LINES OF {sup 12}CO, {sup 13}CO, AND C{sup 18}O

    SciTech Connect

    Nishimura, Atsushi; Tokuda, Kazuki; Kimura, Kimihiro; Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Ogawa, Hideo; Onishi, Toshikazu [Department of Physical Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); Dobashi, Kazuhito; Shimoikura, Tomomi [Department of Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Tokyo Gakugei University, 4-1-1 Nukuikita-machi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8501 (Japan); Mizuno, Akira [Solar-terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan); Fukui, Yasuo, E-mail: atsushi.nishimura@nao.ac.jp [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan)

    2015-01-01

    We present fully sampled ?3' resolution images of {sup 12}CO(J=2-1), {sup 13}CO(J=2-1), and C{sup 18}O(J=2-1) emission taken with the newly developed 1.85 m millimeter-submillimeter telescope over the entire area of the Orion A and B giant molecular clouds. The data were compared with J=1-0 of the {sup 12}CO, {sup 13}CO, and C{sup 18}O data taken with the Nagoya 4 m telescope and the NANTEN telescope at the same angular resolution to derive the spatial distributions of the physical properties of the molecular gas. We explore the large velocity gradient formalism to determine the gas density and temperature using line combinations of {sup 12}CO(J=2-1), {sup 13}CO(J=2-1), and {sup 13}CO(J=1-0) assuming a uniform velocity gradient and abundance ratio of CO. The derived gas density is in the range of 500 to 5000 cm{sup 3}, and the derived gas temperature is mostly in the range of 20 to 50 K along the cloud ridge with a temperature gradient depending on the distance from the star forming region. We found that the high-temperature region at the cloud edge faces the H II region, indicating that the molecular gas is interacting with the stellar wind and radiation from the massive stars. In addition, we compared the derived gas properties with the young stellar objects distribution obtained with the Spitzer telescope to investigate the relationship between the gas properties and the star formation activity therein. We found that the gas density and star formation efficiency are positively well correlated, indicating that stars form effectively in the dense gas region.

  10. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Optical Properties of the 1997 TWP Smoke Event Submitter: Spinhirne, J., University of Arizona Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1. MPL image showing evolution of early September, 1997 smoke event at Manus, TWP. Figure 2. Selected aerosol extinction cross section profiles at the ARM TWP site during 1997 showing progression of aerosol loading. Figure 3. Cloud-cleared optical measurements at the TWP site from July 27 to

  11. Nanostructured Photovoltaics: - Energy Innovation Portal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar Photovoltaic Solar Photovoltaic Find More Like This Return to Search Nanostructured Photovoltaics: Atomic Layer Deposition Thin Film Technology Enables Cost Effective Solar Cells Argonne National Laboratory Contact ANL About This Technology <p> Figure 1. Schematic illustration of an Argonne nanostructured photovoltaic device.</p> Figure 1. Schematic illustration of an Argonne nanostructured photovoltaic device. <p> Figure 2. ALD transparent conducting oxide coating on

  12. CBERD: Building Energy Simulation and Modeling | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Simulation and Modeling CBERD: Building Energy Simulation and Modeling Figure 1: Screenshot of the alpha version of CBERD eDOT (early design optimization tool), an online tool that enables multi-parameter optimization. Source: LBNL. Figure 1: Screenshot of the alpha version of CBERD eDOT (early design optimization tool), an online tool that enables multi-parameter optimization. Source: LBNL. Figure 2: CBERD Model Predictive Control: Model identification and closed loop predictive control

  13. CBERD: Building Envelopes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Envelopes CBERD: Building Envelopes Figure 1: Measurement of performance of ceiling tiles made of new phase change materials in test bed, in naturally ventilated and forced ventilation modes. Source: LBNL. Figure 1: Measurement of performance of ceiling tiles made of new phase change materials in test bed, in naturally ventilated and forced ventilation modes. Source: LBNL. Figure 2: Cool roofs weathering and aging experiments being conducted with industry partner St. Gobain in four different

  14. Using biomarkers to identify traumatic brain injury for soldiers, sports

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    figures Using biomarkers to identify traumatic brain injury for soldiers, sports figures Using biomarkers to identify traumatic brain injury for soldiers, sports figures A new detection approach originally developed for tuberculosis diagnostics is being adapted as a tool for determining traumatic brain injury April 28, 2015 The Lab and SMT collaborators (left to right): Donald Shields, Aaron Anderson, Paul Smith, Nicholas Hengartner, Dr. Donald Becker, Harshini Mukundan (co-PI), Laurie

  15. SANDIA REPORT SAND2015-0840 R Unlimited Release

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    space of the intended application of the computational model. They may be useful as "acceptance" tests for the computational model. DRAFT DRAFT 29 Figure 3.2: Experimental...

  16. SANDIA REPORT SAND2015-7455 Unlimited Release

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    space of the intended application of the computational model. They may be useful as "acceptance" tests for the computational model. 31 Figure 3.2 Experimental hierarchy...

  17. Slide 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Figure ES-1. 2009 Type I and Type II Conditional Constraint Areas Predominantly wind and Natural gas shale CapX2020 ...

  18. Search for: All records | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Robert Bullard" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: Select Type AnimationsSimulations FiguresPlots GenomeGenetics Data Interactive Data Map(s) Multimedia Numeric Data ...

  19. Electrolysis: Information and Opportunities for Electric Power...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 4 III. Hydrogen Production 5 IV. Potential from Renewable Energy Sources-Wind and Solar 9 V. Economics of ... Figure 13 Current (2005) wind hydrogen production system: ...

  20. Electrolytes for power sources

    DOEpatents

    Doddapaneni, N.; Ingersoll, D.

    1995-01-03

    Electrolytes are disclosed for power sources, particularly alkaline and acidic power sources, comprising benzene polysulfonic acids and benzene polyphosphonic acids or salts of such acids. 7 figures.

  1. Microsoft Word - HTPQ DOE1.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... and 8.0 inch section sizes during an austenitizing test. Thermocouples were placed on the surface and at the center of each test block......11 Figure 5: ...

  2. Sintering Kinetics of Inkjet Printed...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    circuits for functional applications envisioned by automotive and aerospace industries. ... Figure 1 illustrates the types of printed line instabilities generally encountered when ...

  3. Erratum. Search for the associated production of the Higgs boson with a top-quark pair

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Khachatryan, V.

    2014-10-20

    The x-axis of figure 2, lower left panel (Lepton + ? 6 jets + 2 b-tags) should be replaced with 3rd highest CSV output.

  4. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1995 Annual Averages Motor...

  5. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 3. U.S. Refiner Retail Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Retail Volumes 1997 Annual Averages Motor...

  6. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1997 Annual Averages Motor...

  7. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 3. U.S. Refiner Retail Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Retail Volumes 1995 Annual Averages Motor...

  8. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 3. U.S. Refiner Retail Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Retail Volumes 1996 Annual Averages Motor...

  9. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1996 Annual Averages Motor...

  10. Microsoft Word - Sandalow Detroit National Summit Speech 6-17...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    As Ed Montgomery, President Obama's Director for Recovery of Auto Communities and Workers, has said, "behind the 'facts and figures' of the economic downturn and the auto crisis ...

  11. Microsoft Word - Envera Final Report - 121010 VCR Revised 031511...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Figure 2 includes brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) curves for a gasoline direct ... is not fully understood, and will be examined in more detail during future engine testing. ...

  12. Characterizing Arctic Mixed-phase Cloud Structure

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    have two distinguished cloud base heights (CBHs) that can be defined by both ceilometer (black dots) and micropulse lidar (MPL; pink dots) measurements (Figure 1). For a...

  13. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Hence, to achieve their full potential, imaging-based experiments will require large ... greatly (increasing the Dark Energy Task Force figure of merit by up to 50%); ...

  14. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings Trend Detail

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Figure 2. 1989 to 1999 building trend with 95% confidence ranges...

  15. Non-Equilibrium Pathways during Electrochemical Phase Transformations...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of the active material and its concentration in the composite electrode architecture. ... Figure 1. (Upper panel) Schematic illustration of operando FF TXM-XANES. Electrochemistry ...

  16. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Figure 1. (a) IN number concentration for mixed-phase cloud conditions versus temperature ... b) Relation between observed IN (from panel (a) to IN predicted by the new ...

  17. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... us to evaluate the role of IN parameterization independent of IN limiting concentration. ... optical depth distributions when compared to step IN activation (left panel, Figure 3c). ...

  18. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Journal Reference: NA Figure 1. One-hour snapshot (left panel) and two-hour snapshot ... (Thompson scheme), which also diagnoses the number concentration of cloud ice. ...

  19. Around a Simulated Waste Package UCRi-101693

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Steam will condense where the temperatures are sufficiently cool. Part of this water might ... Water flow h&&| Rock at ambient conditions Figure. Schematic vertical cross- section of ...

  20. Slide 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    CLOWD BBHRP Retrieval Algorithm Intercomparison Jennifer Comstock David Turner Andy ... cloud layers Figure courtesy David Turner All methods might not have been tested on ...

  1. SunShot Vision Study: February 2012 (Book), SunShot, Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    in support of the figures presented in Chapter 3. Appendix C examines the sensitivity of renewable electricity technology deployment projections to technology price assumptions. ...

  2. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Liquid Fuels Natural Gas Coal Electricity Renewables and Carbon Dioxide Emissions ... Data Figures Tables Custom Table Builder Real Price Viewer Supplements Feature Articles ...

  3. CBERD: Monitoring and Benchmarking for Energy Information Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    tiers of CBERD data center energy information system package. Figure 2: Illustrative metering hardware schemas for entry and advanced tiers of CBERD data center energy ...

  4. FIGS-1&2.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Jet Fuel Source: Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Monthly, Table S1. See Summary Statistics Table and Figure Sources. Source: Energy Information...

  5. Geographic Information System At Cove Fort Area - Vapor (Nash...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Unknown Notes An example, shown in Figure 1, shows results from the classification of big sagebrush (Artimesia tridentata) spectra, acquired over the Cove Fort-Sulphurdale,...

  6. Suibel Schuppner U.S. Department of Energy W

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    the following four elements, as shown in Figure 1: * Damage modeling * Monitoring * Big data analytics * Uncertainty quantification. The goal of this framework is to enable...

  7. Geographic Information System At Cove Fort Area (Nash, Et Al...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Unknown Notes An example, shown in Figure 1, shows results from the classification of big sagebrush (Artimesia tridentata) spectra, acquired over the Cove Fort-Sulphurdale,...

  8. Bruce Hallbert Idaho National Laboratory T he Nuclear Energy...

    Energy Saver

    ... Figure 2 shows the receiving ultrasonic radio frequency signals received from a smooth ... Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies (NPIC&HMIT), pp. ...

  9. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    America), and intercontinental (African dust) sources that in some cases were the most ... soil signatures showed transported dust (Note Figure 6 showing the backward trajectory). ...

  10. Aerosol Simulations by LLNL IMPACT and Comparisons with Field...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and also predicts the distributions of organic and black carbon, dust, and sea salt. ... Figure 1(e) shows the simulated global distribution of surface dust concentrations. It is ...

  11. Fact #797: September 16, 2013 Driving Ranges for Electric Vehicles...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    The figure below shows the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) driving ranges for ... not directly match EPA-stated ranges that were obtained through actual vehicle testing. ...

  12. NEET WORKSHOP REPORT

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Figure 5: Performance of resilient communications less cogeneration capabilities and with command and control validation. Improved monitoring will allow for optimized operations,...

  13. Building Energy-Efficient Schools in New Orleans: Lessons Learned...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). ... Figure 1 shows the ASHRAE 90.1 baseline and energy use predicted by the energy model. ...

  14. DockingShop: A Tool for Interactive Molecular Docking Ting-Cheng...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Covalent bond Cova lent bond Hydrogen bond Hydro gen bond monitors the position and ... Figure 3. Small blue spheres represent water. Dashed-blue lines represent hydrogen bonds ...

  15. DOE/EIA-0358

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    of nonpurchased byproduct or waste stream fuels and a negligible amount of nontraditional energy sources such as solar, hydropower, etc. When this figure is adjusted to account for...

  16. Electrical Resistance Tomographic Profile L2, Site 0, Barrow AK

    DOE Data Explorer

    Hubbard, Susan; Dafflon, Baptiste

    2013-12-08

    Figure 7a in http://esd.lbl.gov/files/about/staff/susanhubbard/PUBLISHED_-_Hubbard-Hydrogeology-2012_with_Gangodagamage_et_al.pdf

  17. Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    diffraction images were collected to document the evolution of pressure, differential stress, and texture. Inverse pole figures (IPFs) show the probability of finding the pole...

  18. Securing Control Systems Modems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ......... 17 Figure 5. Man-In-The-Middle attack on modem ... System LAN Local Area Network MITM Man-In-The-Middle OS Operating System PBX ...

  19. Operating Reserves and Variable Generation: A comprehensive review...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... and how they are related...... 8 Figure 6: Wind power step change magnitude and standard deviation for different sets of wind turbines.14 ...

  20. Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Principal Building...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    of their floorspace lit by HID lamps. Public assembly buildings, which include sports arenas and theaters, have 14 percent of their floorspace illuminated by HID lamps. Figure 10....

  1. SEISMIC DESIGN EVALUATION GUIDELINES FOR BURIED PIPING FOR THE...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... soil, the inertial stresses are not a significant contributing factor to the total stress. ... numerical analysis has been pcrformcd for a buried transfer line shown in Figure 2 . ...

  2. 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Team Meeting Proceedings, Daytona Beach, Florida, March 14-18, 2005 preliminary data is ... Team Meeting Proceedings, Daytona Beach, Florida, March 14-18, 2005 Figure 1. Comparison ...

  3. Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Quantification of the Mercury Adsorption Mechanism on Brominated Activated Carbon August 2013 SSRL Science Summary by Manuel Gnida Figure Emissions from coal-fired power plants are...

  4. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, ... Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. ... Figures Tables Custom Table Builder Real Price Viewer ...

  5. ITP Distributed Energy: Combined Heat and Power Market Assessment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Figure 13: Fuel Cell Electrochemical ... California Natural Gas Price Forecast for Electric Power ... report quantifies the long-term market penetration ...

  6. Quarterly Progress Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... manufacturing silicon (Si) wafers for solar cells (the most dominant photovoltaic (PV) ... Page 13 of 26 Figure 13: Market pricing history for multicrystalline silicon as tracked ...

  7. Microsoft Word - S07834_2011 Ann Rpt_ag comment revs

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... of sparklines, which are simple condensed plots intended as a big-picture overview. Essentially, this figure combines data that might require 10 graphs to present adequately. ...

  8. NREL releases 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book | OpenEI Community

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book on behalf of the Energy Department's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The report provides facts and figures on energy in...

  9. Flavor symmetry breaking and vacuum alignment on orbifolds (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  11. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

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    ... constituents will not flush to levels permitting unrestricted use during the 100-year ... Table 1 provides monitoring requirements; Figure 4 shows locations. Monitoring wells 0715 ...

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    ... The figures below show the fermenter and output from the Raman analysis. Fermenter used for UW biofuels research Output from Raman probe showing consumption of glucose and ...

  5. Final Hanford Site Solid (Radioactive and Hazardous) Waste Program Environmental Impact Statement Richland, Washington

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    HSW EIS January 2004 1.6 Figure 1.2. States with Radioactive Waste Disposal Activities Final HSW EIS January 2004 1.12 Figure 1.3. Relationship of the HSW EIS to Other Hanford Cleanup Operations, Material Management Activities, and Key Environmental Reviews 2.17 Final HSW EIS January 2004 Figure 2.6. Waste Receiving and Processing Facility Figure 2.7. X-Ray Image of Transuranic Waste Drum Contents M0212-0286.11 HSW EIS 12-10-02 M0212-0286.12 HSW EIS 12-10-02 2.17 Final HSW EIS January 2004

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  11. Remedial investigation for the chemical plant area of the Weldon Spring Site. Volume 2

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    This volume contains figures such as charts and maps identifying areas of contamination, and tables of compiled data on the types and amount of contamination.

  12. User guide for transferring data from NOS (Network Operating System) to Applicon Graphics System

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    as opposed to scheduling all their capacity. A generalized logistic function applied to the regression fit, the orange curve in Figure 5.11, results in a correlation...

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    ... By the Intertribal Council, Duckwater, Nevada--3 each 10,'000-gallon tanks (see Figure ... Furniture, Equipment, Stores Material, Pickup Truck, Tanks Kitchen Equipment, General ...

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  20. Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Major Characteristics

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    commercial floorspace. Figure 7. Floorspace in office, mercantile, warehousestorage, and education buildings accounts for 60 percent of total commercial floorspace. Source: Energy...