National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for ferc pro forma

  1. Home Performance Contractor Pro Forma | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Home Performance Contractor Pro Forma, with program HR, assumptions, marketing actuals and costs, and more, as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program website. Home Performance Contractor Pro Forma (1.18 MB

  2. Home Performance Contractor Pro Forma | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Home Performance Contractor Pro Forma, with program HR, assumptions, marketing actuals and costs, and more, as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings ...

  3. Home Performance Contractor Pro Forma | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Excel sheet for program model, expenses, HR, and marketing, as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program website. Home Performance Contractor Pro Forma (1022.61 KB

  4. Property:FERC License | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    FERC License Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FERC License Property Type String Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:FERCLicense&oldid610683...

  5. FERC Order No. 792 - Appendix C | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    C lists all the revisions to the Pro Forma for Small Generator Interconnection Procedures. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2013 Legal Citation Not provided DOI Not...

  6. FERC Compliance Handbook | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: FERC Compliance HandbookPermittingRegulatory GuidanceGuideHandbook...

  7. FERC Licensing Processes Matrix | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: FERC Licensing Processes MatrixPermittingRegulatory GuidanceGuideHandbook...

  8. FERC`s view of itself: FERC`s authority over the licensing process or why third party contracting rules have been difficult to implement

    SciTech Connect

    Molm, J.

    1995-12-31

    Following the Supreme Court`s decisions in Escondido and Tacoma, it is sometimes difficult to remember FERC`s view of its role in the licensing process and how that view has shaped FERC`s adoption of the NEPA review process. To this day, FERC struggles with reconciling its rules with the NEPA review process. A short historical review of FERC`s efforts in implementing NEPA helps in understanding why FERC does what it does in the environmental context. The first time FERC (then the Federal Power Commission ({open_quotes}FPC{close_quotes})) announced its role in implementing NEPA was in the Commission`s Notice of Proposed Rulemaking issued in response to the Council on Environmental Quality ({open_quotes}CEQ{close_quotes}) regulations in 1979. In the preamble, the commission noted that executive departments were bound by CEQ regulations, but the Commission, as an independent regulatory agency, was not. In its Notice, the Commission stated its concern that under the CEQ referral process, the FPC`s environmental review may be subject to a CEQ review outside of the Commission`s NEPA process.

  9. FERC Presendation: Demand Response as Power System Resources...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FERC Presendation: Demand Response as Power System Resources, October 29, 2010 FERC Presendation: Demand Response as Power System Resources, October 29, 2010 Federal Energy ...

  10. Title 50 CFR Part 221 Prescriptions in FERC Hydropower Licenses...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    in FERC Hydropower LicensesLegal Abstract Regulations governing Department of Commerce review of FERC hydropower license conditions under Federal Power Act. Published NA...

  11. Property:FERC License Application Date | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    FERC License Application Date Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FERC License Application Date Property Type String Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  12. FERC Order No. 792 - Interconnection Agreement | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    FERC Order No. 792 - Interconnection Agreement Abstract FERC Order No. 792, Small Generator Interconnection Agreement, current through June 3, 2013. Form Type Other Form Topic...

  13. FERC Online eLibrary | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for FERC Online eLibrary Citation Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. FERC...

  14. FERC Small, Low-Impact Hydropower Projects Webpage | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    cited 20150827. Available from: https:www.ferc.govindustrieshydropowergen-infolicensingsmall-low-impactget-startedexemp-licensproject-comparison.asp...

  15. FERC Proposal for Delegation of DOE Authority

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy is considering whether to delegate to FERC its authorities related to the conduct of congestion studies and the designation of National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors.

  16. FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 2 - Feasibility Study Agreement...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2 - Feasibility Study Agreement Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 2 - Feasibility Study Agreement Abstract FERC...

  17. FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 4 - Facilities Study Agreement ...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    4 - Facilities Study Agreement Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 4 - Facilities Study Agreement Abstract FERC...

  18. FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 6 - Large Generator Interconnection...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 6 - Large Generator Interconnection Agreement Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 6 -...

  19. FERC sees huge potential for demand response

    SciTech Connect

    2010-04-15

    The FERC study concludes that U.S. peak demand can be reduced by as much as 188 GW -- roughly 20 percent -- under the most aggressive scenario. More moderate -- and realistic -- scenarios produce smaller but still significant reductions in peak demand. The FERC report is quick to point out that these are estimates of the potential, not projections of what could actually be achieved. The main varieties of demand response programs include interruptible tariffs, direct load control (DLC), and a number of pricing schemes.

  20. SPR Pro Forma Contract | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    An exchange agreement for SPR oil involves return of the principal amount of similar quality crude oil to the SPR, plus payment of an in-kind premium determined according to the ...

  1. FERC must fix its electric utility merger policy

    SciTech Connect

    Grankena, M.

    1996-10-01

    In evaluating mergers, FERC should adopt the approach of the federal antitrust agencies to prevent firms from gaining and exercising market power. Doing so will require changes in everything from how FERC defines product and geographic markets, and how market concentration, entry conditions and cost saving are evaluated, to how discovery is conducted - in short, to virtually every aspect of how FERC reaches a merger decision. Reliance on competition to benefit consumers carries with it the necessity to preserve competition that is threatened by mergers or other structural changes. Faced with numerous mergers of large and medium-size electric utilities and the expectation of more to come, in January 1996 the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission requested comments on how it should evaluate mergers. This paper addresses that need. Section I explains how FERC and the federal antitrust agencies have responded to the competitive issues raised by utility mergers during the past decade. Section II introduces the analytical approach used by the antitrust agencies to evaluate mergers. Section III highlights features of the electric power industry that make analysis of market power unusually complex. Section IV evaluates FERC`s past reliance on comparable open access transmission as a sufficient remedy for competitive concerns relating to the availability, reliability and pricing of transmission service. Section V suggests changes to FERC`s merger policy that would make it consistent with antitrust principles and FERC`s public interest responsibilities. The final section draws conclusions.

  2. FERC Presendation: Demand Response as Power System Resources, October 29,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2010 | Department of Energy FERC Presendation: Demand Response as Power System Resources, October 29, 2010 FERC Presendation: Demand Response as Power System Resources, October 29, 2010 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) presentation on demand response as power system resources before the Electicity Advisory Committee, October 29, 2010 Demand Response as Power System Resources (247.13 KB) More Documents & Publications A National Forum on Demand Response: Results on What Remains

  3. EIS-0501: FERC Project Update | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FERC Project Update EIS-0501: FERC Project Update Golden Pass LNG Export and Pipeline Project, Texas and Louisiana After conducting scoping for an EA for the proposed Golden Pass LNG terminal and pipeline project, FERC issued a project update that announced that, due to changes in the project location and scope, it would prepare an EIS instead. DOE, Office of Fossil Energy - a cooperating agency in preparing the EIS - has an obligation under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act to authorize the

  4. EIS-0493: FERC Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Statement | Department of Energy 3: FERC Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0493: FERC Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Corpus Christi LNG Terminal and Pipeline Project, Nueces and San Patricio Counties, Texas The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) announced the availability of a Final EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct and operate a liquefied natural gas export and import

  5. EIS-0510: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Calcasieu Pass Project, Cameron Parish, Louisiana The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) announced its intent to prepare an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental...

  6. EIS-0511: FERC Notice of Availability of FInal Environmental...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Project. For more information on this project, see the project page: http:energy.govnode1021761. Download Document EIS-0511: FERC Notice of Availability of FInal Environmental...

  7. FERC Handbook for Hydroelectric Filings other than Licenses and...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: FERC Handbook for Hydroelectric Filings other than Licenses and...

  8. EIS-0492: FERC Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EIS-0492: FERC Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Oregon LNG ... the proposed Oregon LNG Terminal and Pipeline Project and Washington Expansion Project. ...

  9. FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 5 - Optional Interconnection Study...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    5 - Optional Interconnection Study Agreement Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 5 - Optional Interconnection...

  10. FERC Small/Low Impact Hydropower Program Website | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2015. cited 20150916. Available from: http:www.ferc.govindustrieshydropowergen-infolicensingsmall-low-impact.asp Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  11. FERC Hydropower Licensing Guidelines webpage | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guidelines webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: FERC Hydropower Licensing Guidelines webpage Abstract This webpage provides...

  12. FERC Hydropower Licensing and Endangered Species - A Guide for...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    FERC Hydropower Licensing and Endangered Species - A Guide for Applicants, Contractors, and Staff Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Permitting...

  13. A Guide to the FERC Electric Transmission Facilities Permit Process...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: A Guide to the FERC Electric Transmission Facilities Permit...

  14. FERC Division of Hydropower Administration and Compliance | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Division of Hydropower Administration and Compliance Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: FERC Division of Hydropower Administration and...

  15. Property:FERC License Issuance Date | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Issuance Date Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FERC License Issuance Date Property Type String Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:FERCLicense...

  16. Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman's Remarks at the 2011 FERC...

    Energy Saver

    ... Energy Department Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman Addresses 2011 FERC Reliability Technical Conference First Annual GridWeek Conference Photo via iStock by Getty Images. ...

  17. FERC Order No. 792 - Interconnection Request | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    792 - Interconnection RequestLegal Abstract FERC Order No. 792, Attachment 2, Small Generator Interconnection Request Form, current through June 3, 2014. Published NA Year...

  18. FERC`s {open_quotes}MegaNOPR{close_quotes} - changes ahead for the natural gas industry

    SciTech Connect

    Stosser, M.A.

    1992-12-31

    On July 31, 1991 the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR) that would fundamentally change the current scheme of transportation and sales of natural gas by interstate pipelines. FERC`s proposal will result in disparate impacts on the various segments of the natural gas industry. These impacts and the major policy issues sought for implementation by FERC can be grouped into five major points, discussed in this article: unbundling of service; pregrated abandonment; capacity reallocation; rate design; and transition/implementation costs.

  19. Symbiotics, LLC, 110 FERC ¶ 61,235 (2005) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    (2005)Legal Abstract FERC Order denying Symbiotic, LLC's request for a rehearing, stemming from FERC's decision to dismiss Symbiotic's application for an original license for a...

  20. FERC Order No. 2003 - Final Rule | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    through June 2, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2003 Legal Citation 68 FR 49846 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Citation FERC...

  1. Title 43 CFR 45 Conditions and Prescriptions in FERC Hydropower...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    5 Conditions and Prescriptions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 43 CFR 45...

  2. DOE and FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington, D.C. ā€“ U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today his decision that the Department of Energy will work more closely with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in...

  3. EIS-0513: FERC Supplemental Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy Supplemental Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0513: FERC Supplemental Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact Statement Jacksonville Project, Jacksonville, Florida The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued a supplemental notice of intent to prepare an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct and operate a natural gas liquefaction, storage, and export facility on

  4. EIS-0491: FERC Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Statement | Department of Energy 1: FERC Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0491: FERC Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Lake Charles Liquefaction Project, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of availability of a Draft EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct and operate the Lake Charles Liquefaction Project. For more information on this project,

  5. EA-1949: FERC Notice of Availability of an Environmental Assessment |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy of an Environmental Assessment EA-1949: FERC Notice of Availability of an Environmental Assessment Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA This Notice announces the availability of a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) EA, which analyzes the potential environmental effects of a proposal by the Public Utility District No. 1 of Snowhomish County, Washington to construct and operate the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Project. The proposed 680-kilowatt project

  6. 18 CFR 4.104 FERC Amendment of Exemption | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    4.104 FERC Amendment of Exemption Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 18 CFR 4.104 FERC Amendment of...

  7. FERC How to Surrender a License or Exemption | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    cited 20150507. Available from: http:www.ferc.govindustrieshydropowergen-infocomp-adminsurrender.asp Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  8. EA-1949: FERC Notice of Availability Errata Sheet | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Errata Sheet EA-1949: FERC Notice of Availability Errata Sheet Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA This notice corrects the Notice of Availability issued on August 9, 2013, announcing the availability of the FERC Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA Final Environmental Assessment. Please note that FERC is not requesting comments on the Final EA. EA-1949-FEA-ErrataNoticeofAvailabilty-2013.pdf (6.26 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-1949: FERC Notice of

  9. FERC must adopt an efficient transmission pricing system - now

    SciTech Connect

    Pierce, R.J. Jr.

    1997-10-01

    In spite of assumptions to the contrary, this nation will not enjoy competitive power markets until the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) uses its bully pulpit to require establishment of--and prescribe minimum authorities for--properly sized ISOs that administer efficient transmission pricing. In 1989, the FERC recognized that getting transmission pricing right is the crucial first step in the process of creating a competitive electricity market. A lot has happened in the ensuing eight years. There is now a competitive wholesale market, and retail competition is beginning in many states. Yet, FERC has not made any progress in taking that crucial first step. Unless FERC abandons the present archaic system of transmission pricing promptly, competition will produce a long list of unintended adverse effects. The short-term effects will include markets too small to support effective competition and misleading price signals that induce buyers and sellers to make decisions that waste resources. The long-term effects will include large investments in capital assets at the wrong locations, and ill-informed antitrust and regulatory decisions. These effects will also create scores of entities with a powerful vested interest in retaining the status quo forever. As the British have discovered, once that happens, it is almost impossible to abandon an inefficient pricing system.

  10. EA-1949: FERC Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1949: FERC Draft Environmental Assessment Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA This EA analyzes the potential environmental effects of a proposal by the Public Utility District No. 1 of Snowhomish County, Washington to construct and operate the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Project. The proposed 680-kilowatt project would be located on the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within

  11. EA-1949: FERC Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Final Environmental Assessment EA-1949: FERC Final Environmental Assessment Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA On September 16, 2010, Snohomish PUD was selected for potential receipt of financial assistance from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to support the design, construction, deployment and monitoring phases of their project. To satisfy DOE's requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for this

  12. FERC responds to requests, fine tunes Order 636

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-08-10

    This paper reports that the Federal Regulatory Commission has changed Order 636, its U.S. pipeline rate unbundling rule, to meet major objections raised to it. Order 636 now requires pipelines to continue existing one part volumetric rates, computed at the existing load factor, for unbundled transportation service for small customers. FERC retained the existing eligibility criteria but increased the size of the eligible class to include customers that transport up to 10 MMcfd.

  13. Home Performance Contractor Pro Forma | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Excel sheet for program model, expenses, HR, and marketing, as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program website

  14. Genie Pro

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2004-05-15

    Genie Pro is a general purpose, interactive, adaptive tool for automatically labeling regions and finding objects in large amounts of image data. Genie Pro uses supervised learning techniques to search for spatio-spectral algorithms that are best able to match exaple labels provided by a user during a training session. After Genie Pro has discovered a useful algorithm, this algorith can then be applied to other similar types of image data, to label regions and objectsmoreĀ Ā» similar to those provided during the training session. Genie Pro was originally developed for analyzing multispectral satellite data, but it works equally well with panchromatic (grayscale) and hyperspectral satellite data, aerial imagery, and various kinds of medical imagery. AS a rough guideline, Genie Pro can work with any imagery where the scene being imaged is all approximately at a constant distance fromt he imaging device, and so the scale of imagery is fixed. Applications for Genie Pro include: Crop and terrain type mapping, Road and river network mapping, Broad area search for vehicles and buildings, and Cancer identification in histological images.Ā«Ā less

  15. EIS-0508: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 8: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0508: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact Statement The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) announced its intent to prepare an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) import and export terminal facilities in Washington County, Maine. DOE, Office of Fossil Energy, has an obligation under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act to

  16. EIS-0510: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0510: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact Statement Calcasieu Pass Project, Cameron Parish, Louisiana The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) announced its intent to prepare an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of the Calcasieu Pass Project, a proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. DOE is a cooperating agency in

  17. EA-1971: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment Golden Pass LNG Export and Pipeline Project, Texas and Louisiana The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)...

  18. FERC hears gas industry concerns, announces Transco settlement. [Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

    SciTech Connect

    Rodgers, L.M.

    1991-07-01

    This article examines the industry comments on the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) notice of proposed rulemaking on natural gas pipeline function and comparability of service and the resolution of a charge of violations of regulations against the Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corporation by the FERC's Office of the General Council.

  19. Supreme court agrees: FERC must regulate wholesale markets

    SciTech Connect

    Wolak, Frank A.

    2008-08-15

    The author believes that wholesale markets in the United States would have a greater likelihood of ultimately benefiting consumers if the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission did not have the mandate under the Federal Power Act (FPA) to ensure that wholesale prices are ''just and reasonable.'' However, he continues to believe that the FERC cannot avoid having an ex post criteria for asssessing whether market prices are just and reasonable. Moreover, changes in the design and regulatory oversight of U.S. wholesale electricity markets in recent years, including the recent Supreme Court decision, have caused him to believe even more strongly in the guardrails-for-market-outcomes approach. Finally, several questions are addressed which relate to the pricing of fixed-price, long-term contracts and the impact of these obligations on the behavior of suppliers in short-term wholesale markets that are directly relevant to answering the two major questions that the Supreme Court remanded to FERC in its recent decision.

  20. Title 7 CFR 1.601 et seq. Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    7 CFR 1.601 et seq. Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 7 CFR...

  1. Title 43 CFR Part 45 Conditions and Prescriptions in FERC Hydropower...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Part 45 Conditions and Prescriptions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 43...

  2. EIS-0517: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Federal Register) (217.21 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0517: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0520: Notice of Intent EIS-0519: Notice ...

  3. California Trout, Inc. v. FERC, 313 F.3d 1131,1134, 1136 (9th...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal CaseHearing: California Trout, Inc. v. FERC, 313 F.3d 1131,1134, 1136 (9th Cir. 2002)Legal Abstract Ninth Circuit case that...

  4. California Trout, Inc. v. FERC, 313 F.3d 1131,1134,1136 (9th...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal CaseHearing: California Trout, Inc. v. FERC, 313 F.3d 1131,1134,1136 (9th Cir. 2002)Legal Hearing California Trout, Inc. v....

  5. EA-2041: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment EA-2041: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment Cameron LNG Expansion Project The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission announced its intent to prepare an environmental assessment that examines the potential environmental impacts of the proposed construction of additional natural gas liquefaction and export facilities at the existing Cameron Liquefied Natural Gas Terminal in Cameron and

  6. EIS-0517: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Statement | Department of Energy Statement EIS-0517: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Port Arthur Liquefaction Project and Port Arthur Pipeline Project; Jefferson and Orange Counties, Texas, and Cameron Parish, Louisiana The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued a notice of intent to prepare an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct and operate a liquefied natural gas marine terminal along the

  7. Research report: Summary of key state issues of FERC orders 888 and 889

    SciTech Connect

    Rose, K.; Burns, R.E.; Graniere, R.J.

    1997-01-01

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission`s (FERC) Order 888 is perhaps the most important and far reaching FERC electricity order in decades. The consequences on the structure of the industry and how the industry is regulated are significant departures from past methods and regulatory philosophy. This will undoubtedly have a dramatic impact on the manner in which state public utility commissions, which are also undergoing or considering dramatic change, regulate their jurisdictional electric utilities. This report summarizes and discusses the actions that the FERC is taking and their profound repercussions on the industry and state commissions. The report is not a comprehensive summary of the entire order. Rather, it is intended to highlight the order`s more important features and discuss what this could mean for the states. The report is organized into eight sections; the first seven address Order 888 and the last section (section 8) addresses Order 889. Section 1 through 5 summarize and discuss the main features of Order 888. Section 6 (on jurisdiction) and Section 7 (on property rights) interpret the likely consequences of the order. Section 8, summarizes the FERC`s Open Access Same Time System (OASIS) and discusses some concerns about its real-world application.

  8. Considerations for State Regulators and Policy Makers in a Post-FERC Order 745 World

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    By vacating the Federal Energy Commission's (FERC) Order 745 in Electric Power Supply Association vs. FERC (EPSA, 2014) the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C Circuit injected uncertainty into the future of demand response (DR) resources in U.S. wholesale markets. Many possible future scenarios in which DR continues to be available to provide capacity for resource adequacy would need to rely on a potential checkerboard of policies promulgated by state utility commissions. However, the states that will be most directly impacted by the potential implications from the EPSA ruling are precisely those that have the fewest policies currently in place to promote retail program development.

  9. FERC's mega-NOPR. [Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    SciTech Connect

    Schretter, J. )

    1991-10-01

    This article discusses the changes proposed by US FERC for natural gas regulations and the effect of those changes on the market for natural gas in the US. The topics of the article include the mega-Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, FERC's primary goals in the changes, unbundling of sales and transportation services, pregranted abandonment authority, comparable quality transportation services for all shippers, termination of existing capacity assignment programs and replacement of them with a uniform capacity reallocation system, and changes in the required methodology for firm transportation rates.

  10. FERC's acceptance of market-based pricing: An antitrust analysis. [Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

    SciTech Connect

    Harris, B.C.; Frankena, M.W. )

    1992-06-01

    In large part, FERC's determination of market power is based on an analysis that focuses on the ability of power suppliers to foreclose' other potential power suppliers by withholding transmission access to the buyer. The authors believe that this analysis is flawed because the conditions it considers are neither necessary nor sufficient for the existence of market power. That is, it is possible that market-based rates can be subject to market power even if no transmission supplier has the ability to foreclose some power suppliers; conversely, it is possible that no market power exists despite the ability to foreclose other suppliers. This paper provides a critical analysis of FERC's market-power determinations. The concept of market power is defined and its relationship to competition is discussed in Section 1, while a framework for evaluating the existence of market power is presented in Section 2. In Section 3, FERC's recent order in Terra Comfort is examined using this framework. A brief preview of FERC's order in TECO Power Services comprises Section 4. Overall conclusions are presented in Section 5.

  11. DOE and FERC Jointly Submit Implementation Proposal for The National Action Plan on Demand Response to Congress

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S. Department of Energy and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) jointly submitted to Congress a required ā€œImplementation Proposal for The National Action Plan on Demand Response.ā€

  12. AL PRO | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: AL-PRO Place: Grossheide, Lower Saxony, Germany Zip: 26532 Sector: Wind energy Product: AL-PRO is an inndependent expert office for wind forecasts, wind...

  13. HyPRO Model

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    HyPRO Model (Strategic Analysis, Inc.) Objectives Provide a modeling tool to develop an understanding of how the hydrogen production infrastructure might evolve in the United States and determine the factors that will drive infrastructure development. Key Attributes & Strengths HyPRO provides a transparent enumeration of production, delivery and dispensing costs for comparison of different options. It also provides a graphical projection of production, delivery and dispensing infrastructure

  14. ProMat

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2008-06-12

    ProMAT is a software tool for statistically analyzing data from enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay microarray experiments. The software estimates standard curves, sample protein concentrations and their uncertainties for multiple assays. ProMAT generates a set of comprehensive figures for assessing results and diagnosing process quality. The tool is available for Windows or Mac, and is distributed as open-source Java and R code

  15. FERC Review

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Skip navigation links Financial Information Financial Public Processes Asset Management Cost Verification Process Rate Cases BP-18 Rate Case Related Publications Meetings...

  16. FERC Filing

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Projects Expand Projects Skip navigation links Ancillary and Control Area Services (ACS) Practices Forum Attachment K Commercial Business Process Improvement (CBPI) Customer...

  17. FERC Filing

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Doing Business Expand Doing Business Customer Involvement Expand Customer Involvement Reports & Tools Expand Reports & Tools Operations &...

  18. Energy Pro USA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pro USA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energy Pro USA Place: Chesterfield, Missouri Zip: MO 63017 Product: Energy Pro funds and implements demand side energy savings programs to...

  19. DC Pro Software Tool Suite

    SciTech Connect

    2009-04-01

    This fact sheet describes how DOE's Data Center Energy Profiler (DC Pro) Software Tool Suite and other resources can help U.S. companies identify ways to improve the efficiency of their data centers.

  20. A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward MoreComprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity RestructuringPolicies

    SciTech Connect

    Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

    2005-12-01

    During the past three years, government and private organizations have issued more than a dozen studies of the benefits and costs of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs). Most of these studies have focused on benefits that can be readily estimated using traditional production-cost simulation techniques, which compare the cost of centralized dispatch under an RTO to dispatch in the absence of an RTO, and on costs associated with RTO start-up and operation. Taken as a whole, it is difficult to draw definitive conclusions from these studies because they have not examined potentially much larger benefits (and costs) resulting from the impacts of RTOs on reliability management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation. This report: (1) Describes the history of benefit-cost analysis of FERC electricity restructuring policies; (2)Reviews current practice by analyzing 11 RTO benefit-cost studies that were published between 2002 and 2004 and makes recommendations to improve the documentation of data and methods and the presentation of findings in future studies that focus primarily on estimating short-run economic impacts; and (3) Reviews important impacts of FERC policies that have been overlooked or incompletely treated by recent RTO benefit-cost studies and the challenges to crafting more comprehensive assessments of these impacts based on actual performance, including impacts on reliability management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation.

  1. AgPro | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: AgPro Place: Massena, New York Product: Operator of biodiesel plant based on soy. References: AgPro1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  2. Si Pro AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pro AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Si Pro AS Place: Glomfjord, Norway Zip: 8161 Product: Silicon recycler with facility in Singapore. Coordinates: 66.807991, 13.97315...

  3. PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution SRNS ProRad Environment...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    SRNS ProRad Environment Management PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution SRNS ProRad Environment Management PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution SRNS ProRad Environment Management ...

  4. Collateral Duties for Program Records Official (PRO) | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Program Records Official (PRO) Collateral Duties for Program Records Official (PRO) GUIDANCE - Collateral Duties for PRO FINAL 141224.pdf (222.88 KB) More Documents & Publications ...

  5. Proposed modifications to the Lower Mokelumne River Project, California: FERC Project No. 2916-004. Final environmental impact statement

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    This final environmental impact statement (FEIS) has been prepared for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission) to consider modifications to the existing Lower Mokelumne River Project (LMRP) (FERC Project No. 2916-004) in California. Chinook salmon and steelhead trout populations in the lower Mokelumne River have experienced recent declines and fish kills associated, in part, with discharges from Camanche Dam. The California Department of Fish and Game and the California Sportfishing Protection Alliance have asked the Commission to investigate and correct these problems. A wide range of different mitigation actions has been proposed by parties participating in the scoping of this proceeding, and staff has evaluated these proposed actions in this assessment. The staff is recommending a combination of flow and non-flow modifications to the existing license, including new minimum flow and minimum pool elevation requirements at Camanche Reservoir, ramping rates on dam releases, interim attraction and out-migrant spike flows, instream habitat improvements, and a series of studies and monitoring to determine feasible means for solving off-site fish passage problems.

  6. Pro Corn LLC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pro-Corn LLC Place: Preston, Minnesota Zip: 55965 Product: Minnesotan farmer owned bioethanol production company. Coordinates: 47.526531, -121.936019 Show Map Loading map......

  7. Pro Ventum International | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pro Ventum International Place: Forchheim, Germany Zip: 79362 Sector: Wind energy Product: German-based developer of wind power...

  8. ProEco Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: South Dakota Product: US South Dakota-based company specializing ethanol refinery project development. References: ProEco Energy1 This article is a stub. You can...

  9. Win pro energy group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    energy group Place: Berlin, Berlin, Germany Zip: 12165 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Win:pro offers location search, development, implementation,...

  10. ProForm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Spreadsheet ComplexityEase of Use: Simple Website: poet.lbl.govProform Cost: Free References: ProForm1 Related Tools General Equilibrium Modeling Package (GEMPACK)...

  11. ProLogis | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: ProLogis Place: Aurora, Colorado Zip: 80011 Sector: Services Product: Provider of distribution facilities and services. Coordinates: 39.325162, -79.54975 Show Map...

  12. BERLinPro Booster Cavity Design, Fabrication and Test Plans ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    BERLinPro Booster Cavity Design, Fabrication and Test Plans Citation Details In-Document Search Title: BERLinPro Booster Cavity Design, Fabrication and Test Plans The bERLinPro ...

  13. ProLogis France IX EURL | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ProLogis France IX EURL Jump to: navigation, search Name: ProLogis France IX EURL Place: Aulnay-Sous-Bois Cedex, France Zip: 93614 Product: French subsidiary of ProLogis, a...

  14. EA-155 ProMark | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EA-155 ProMark Order authorizing ProMark Energy, Inc to export electric energy to Canada. EA-155 ProMark (46.89 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-196-A Minnesota Power, Sales ...

  15. Pro Sol Energia SA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sol Energia SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pro Sol Energia SA Place: Algarrobo-Costa (Malaga), Spain Zip: E-29750 Sector: Solar Product: Develops and builds solar power...

  16. FERC Pleading Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Coordination of Federal Authorizations for Electric Transmission Facilities: Proposed 216(h) Regulations RIN 1901-AB18 COMMENTS OF TRANSMISSION ACCESS POLICY STUDY GROUP On December 13, 2011, the Department of Energy (-Departmentā€–) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (-NOPRā€–) concerning the coordination of Federal authorizations for proposed interstate electric transmission facilities. 1 The Transmission Access Policy Study Group (-TAPSā€–) appreciates the opportunity to respond to the

  17. FERC Pleading Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... In contrast, by starting the one-year clock based on the status of the environmental review, the Department's proposed approach would seem to lock in the delay associated with ...

  18. FERC Pleading Template

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... CapX energized the first segment (Monticello to St. Cloud) of the Fargo-St. Cloud 345 kV ... whether they be pooled systems as in Georgia, Indiana, and Minnesota or an LSE transco ...

  19. Cryogenic system for BERLinPro

    SciTech Connect

    Anders, W.; Hellwig, A.; Knobloch, J.; PflĆ¼ckhahn, D.; Rotterdam, S.

    2014-01-29

    In 2010 Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) received funding to design and build the Berlin Energy Recovery Linac Project BERLinPro. The goal of this compact Energy recovery linac (ERL) is to develop the accelerator physics and technology required to generate and accelerate a 100-mA, 1-mm mrad emittance electron beam. The BERLinPro know-how can then be transferred to various ERL-based applications. All accelerating RF cavities including the electron source are based on superconducting technology operated at 1.8 K. A Linde L700 helium liquefier is supplying 4.5 K helium. The subatmospheric pressure of 16 mbar of the helium bath of the cavities will be achieved by pumping with a set of cold compressors and warm vacuum pumps. While the L700 is already in operating, the 1.8 K system and the helium transfer system are in design phase.

  20. HyPro: Modeling the Hydrogen Transition

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    HyPro: Modeling the H 2 Transition Brian James Directed Technologies, Inc. 9 May 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Directed Technologies, Inc. 09 May 2007 2 Outline Model Overview Results Summary Cost & Methodology Assumptions Directed Technologies, Inc. 09 May 2007 3 Project Objectives Overall Create a tool robust enough to test the impact of different assumptions on the development of hydrogen infrastructure and

  1. Perl Embedded in PTC's Pro/ENGINEER, Version 1

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2003-12-22

    Pro-PERL (AKA Pro/PERL) is a Perl extension to the PTC Pro/TOOLKIT API to the PTC Pro/ENGINEER CAD application including an embedded interpreter. It can be used to automate and customize Pro/ENGINEER, create Vendor Neutral Archive (VNA) format files and re-create CAD models from the VNA files. This has applications in sanitizing classified CAD models created in a classified environment for transfer to an open environment, creating template models for modification to finished models by non-expertmoreĀ Ā» users, and transfer of design intent data to other modeling technologies.Ā«Ā less

  2. Pro Solar Solarstrom GmbH | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pro Solar Solarstrom GmbH Place: Ravensburg, Germany Zip: 88214 Sector: Solar Product: Distributor of PV modules, including Canadian...

  3. SolarPro Energy International | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Granite Bay, California Zip: 95746 Sector: Solar Product: SolarPro Energy installs solar power systems using PV panels for residential and commercial properties. References:...

  4. A Variational Pro jection Operator for Mapping of Internal Variables...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: A Variational Pro jection Operator for Mapping of Internal Variables. Authors: Mota, Alejandro ; Sun, WaiChing ; Ostien, Jakob ; Foulk, James W., III ; Long, Kevin...

  5. BatPRO: Battery Manufacturing Cost Estimation | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BatPRO: Battery Manufacturing Cost Estimation BatPRO models a stiff prismatic pouch-type cell battery pack with cells linked in series. BatPRO models a stiff prismatic pouch-type cell battery pack with cells linked in series. BatPRO is the user-friendly, Windows-based version of BatPaC, a software modeling tool designed for policymakers and researchers who are interested in estimating the cost of lithium-ion batteries after they have reached a mature state of development and are being

  6. ProPortal: A Database for Prochlorococcus

    DOE Data Explorer

    Huang, Katherine [Chisholm lab, MIT

    Prochlorococcus is a marine cyanobacterium that numerically dominates the mid-latitude oceans, and is the smallest known oxygenic phototroph. All isolates described thus far can be assigned to either a tightly clustered high-light (HL) adapted clade, or a more divergent low-light (LL) adapted group. They are closely related to, but distinct from, marine Synechococcus. The genomes of 12 strains have been sequenced and they range in size from 1.6 to 2.6 Mbp. They represent diverse lineages, spanning the rRNA diversity (97 to 99.93% similarity) of cultured representatives of this group. Our analyses of these genomes inform our understanding of how adaptation occurs in the oceans along gradients of light, nutrients, and other environmental factors, providing essential context for interpreting rapidly expanding metagenomic datasets. [Copied from http://proportal.mit.edu/project/prochlorococcus/] ProPortal allows users to browse and search genome date for not only Prochlorococcus, but Cyanophage and Synechococcus. Microarray data, environmental cell concentration data, and metagenome information are also available.

  7. Pro Isomerization in MLL1 PHD3-Bromo Cassette Connects H3K4me...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: Pro ... Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Pro Isomerization ... Here, we report on structure-function studies that elucidate ...

  8. Pro2 Anlagentechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Zip: 47877 Product: Pro2 delivers turn-key plants for utilisation of biogas, sewage, natural gas and landfill gas in the range from 100 to 3,600 kWe. Coordinates: 51.26439,...

  9. FERC approves Northwest pipeline expansion

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-15

    Northwest Pipeline Co., Salt Lake City, Utah, received a final permit from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for a $373.4 million main gas line expansion. This paper reports that it plans to begin construction of the 443 MMcfd expansion in mid-July after obtaining further federal, state, and local permits. The expanded system is to be fully operational by second quarter 1993. When the expansion is complete, total Northwest system mileage will be 3,936 miles and system capacity about 2.49 bcfd.

  10. Pennsylvania's Comprehensive, Statewide, Pro-Active Industrial Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Efficiency (E2) Program | Department of Energy Pennsylvania's Comprehensive, Statewide, Pro-Active Industrial Energy Efficiency (E2) Program Pennsylvania's Comprehensive, Statewide, Pro-Active Industrial Energy Efficiency (E2) Program Pennsylvania The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO; formerly the Industrial Technologies Program) has developed multiple resources and a best practices suite of tools to help industrial manufacturers reduce their energy

  11. GeoPro: Technology to Enable Scientific Modeling

    SciTech Connect

    C. Juan

    2004-02-09

    Development of the ground-water flow model for the Death Valley Regional Groundwater Flow System (DVRFS) required integration of numerous supporting hydrogeologic investigations. The results from recharge, discharge, hydraulic properties, water level, pumping, model boundaries, and geologic studies were integrated to develop the required conceptual and 3-D framework models, and the flow model itself. To support the complex modeling process and the needs of the multidisciplinary DVRFS team, a hardware and software system called GeoPro (Geoscience Knowledge Integration Protocol) was developed. A primary function of GeoPro is to manage the large volume of disparate data compiled for the 100,000-square-kilometer area of southern Nevada and California. The data are primarily from previous investigations and regional flow models developed for the Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain projects. GeoPro utilizes relational database technology (Microsoft SQL Server{trademark}) to store and manage these tabular point data, groundwater flow model ASCII data, 3-D hydrogeologic framework data, 2-D and 2.5-D GIS data, and text documents. Data management consists of versioning, tracking, and reporting data changes as multiple users access the centralized database. GeoPro also supports the modeling process by automating the routine data transformations required to integrate project software. This automation is also crucial to streamlining pre- and post-processing of model data during model calibration. Another function of GeoPro is to facilitate the dissemination and use of the model data and results through web-based documents by linking and allowing access to the underlying database and analysis tools. The intent is to convey to end-users the complex flow model product in a manner that is simple, flexible, and relevant to their needs. GeoPro is evolving from a prototype system to a production-level product. Currently the DVRFS pre- and post-processing modeling tools are being re

  12. MEMS Pro Design Kit - Parts A, B, and C

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2006-06-15

    Part A: SUMMiT V design Kit components for use with MEMS Pro from SoftMEMS Part B: SUMMiT V remote DRC and gear generator source code for use with autocad visual basic Part C: SUMMiT V DRC rules source and test cases for Calibre DRC engine

  13. VWA-0015- In the Matter of Am-Pro Protective Services, Inc.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Barry Stutts, a former security officer for Am-Pro Protective Services, Inc. (Am-Pro). It is undisputed that: Mr. Stutts and...

  14. PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution SRNS ProRad Environment Management |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy SRNS ProRad Environment Management PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution SRNS ProRad Environment Management PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution SRNS ProRad Environment Management PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution SRNS ProRad Environment Management (3.45 MB) More Documents & Publications PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solutions (SRNS) Human Resource Management System (HRMS) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) Procurement Cycle System (PCS) PIA - Savannah

  15. Rotation Manager Pro Version 1.0b1

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2002-02-01

    The Rotation Manager Pro Package maintains databases of instructions to replicate plate tectonic movements. The instructions are in the standard of tectonic plate rotations, including plate identification and location and angle of the rotation pole. Each database is accompanied by various metadata, including information about each rotation pole and the database itself. The package provides a range of tools to actively manage the database using methods specifically required for rotations: rotation pole addition and subtraction,moreĀ Ā» viewing of a rotation chain through the rotation hierarchy, and the rotation of data points.Ā«Ā less

  16. V-210: HP LaserJet Pro Printer Bug Lets Remote Users Access Data

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    A potential security vulnerability has been identified with certain HP LaserJet Pro printers. The vulnerability could be exploited remotely to gain unauthorized access to data.

  17. Thermodynamic assessment of the Pr-O system

    SciTech Connect

    McMurray, Jake W.

    2015-12-24

    We found that the Calphad method was used to perform a thermodynamic assessment of the Prā€“O system. Compound energy formalism representations were developed for the fluorite Ī±-PrO 2ā€“x and bixbyite Ļƒ-Pr 3 O 5 Ā± x solid solutions while the two-sublattice liquid model was used to describe the binary melt. The series of phases between Pr 2 O 3 and PrO 2 were taken to be stoichiometric. Moreover, the equilibrium oxygen pressure, phase equilibria, and enthalpy data were used to optimize the adjustable parameters of the models for a self-consistent representation of the thermodynamic behavior of the Prā€“O system from 298 K to melting.

  18. Thermodynamic assessment of the Pr-O system

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    McMurray, Jake W.

    2015-12-24

    We found that the Calphad method was used to perform a thermodynamic assessment of the Prā€“O system. Compound energy formalism representations were developed for the fluorite Ī±-PrO 2ā€“x and bixbyite Ļƒ-Pr 3 O 5 Ā± x solid solutions while the two-sublattice liquid model was used to describe the binary melt. The series of phases between Pr 2 O 3 and PrO 2 were taken to be stoichiometric. Moreover, the equilibrium oxygen pressure, phase equilibria, and enthalpy data were used to optimize the adjustable parameters of the models for a self-consistent representation of the thermodynamic behavior of the Prā€“O system frommoreĀ Ā» 298 K to melting.Ā«Ā less

  19. BERLinPro Booster Cavity Design, Fabrication and Test Plans

    SciTech Connect

    Burrill, Andrew; Anders, W; Frahm, A.; Knobloch, Jens; Neumann, Axel; Ciovati, Gianluigi; Kneisel, Peter K.; Turlington, Larry D.

    2014-12-01

    The bERLinPro project, a 100 mA, 50 MeV superconducting RF (SRF) Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) is under construction at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for the purpose of studying the technical challenges and physics of operating a high current, c.w., 1.3 GHz ERL. This machine will utilize three unique SRF cryomodules for the injector, booster and linac module respectively. The booster cryomodule will contain three 2-cell SRF cavities, based on the original design by Cornell University, and will be equipped with twin 115 kW RF power couplers in order to provide the appropriate acceleration to the high current electron beam. This paper will review the status of the fabrication of the 4 booster cavities that have been built for this project by Jefferson Laboratory and look at the challenges presented by the incorporation of fundamental power couplers capable of delivering 115 kW. The test plan for the cavities and couplers will be given along with a brief overview of the cryomodule design.

  20. Microsoft Word - Buff Report Cover - FERC FISMA

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Evaluation Report The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Unclassified Cyber Security Program - 2010 OAS-M-11-01 October 2010 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 October 25, 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR THE CHAIRMAN, FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION FROM: Rickey R. Hass Deputy Inspector General for Audit Services Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Evaluation Report on "The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Unclassified Cyber Security Program - 2010" BACKGROUND

  1. DOE_FERC_MOU_120909.pdf

    Energy Saver

  2. DC Pro Software Tool Suite, Data Center Fact Sheet, Industrial Technologies Program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-04-01

    This fact sheet describes how DOE's Data Center Energy Profiler (DC Pro) Software Tool Suite and other resources can help U.S. companies identify ways to improve the efficiency of their data centers.

  3. VWA-0015- Deputy Secretary Decision- In the Matter of Am-Pro Protective Services, Inc.

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Barry Stutts, Complainant v. Am-Pro Protective Agency, Inc., Respondent, OHA Case No. VWA-0015 DECISION DENYING REVIEW OF INITIAL AGENCY DECISION This is a request for review by Complainant Barry...

  4. ProForce marks 65 years protecting Sandia resources, facilities, people |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) ProForce marks 65 years protecting Sandia resources, facilities, people Monday, October 26, 2015 - 12:00am NNSA Blog Current and former members of the Lab's Protective Force gathered to reflect on and recognize the contributions ProForce has made to securing Sandia National Laboratory's resources, facilities, and people. Over the past 65 years, the force has changed in size and structure but its mission has remained the same: To ensure the

  5. Cancer Associated Fibroblasts express pro-inflammatory factors in human breast and ovarian tumors

    SciTech Connect

    Erez, Neta; Glanz, Sarah; Raz, Yael; Avivi, Camilla; Barshack, Iris

    2013-08-02

    Highlights: ā€¢CAFs in human breast and ovarian tumors express pro-inflammatory factors. ā€¢Expression of pro-inflammatory factors correlates with tumor invasiveness. ā€¢Expression of pro-inflammatory factors is associated with NF-Īŗb activation in CAFs. -- Abstract: Inflammation has been established in recent years as a hallmark of cancer. Cancer Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs) support tumorigenesis by stimulating angiogenesis, cancer cell proliferation and invasion. We previously demonstrated that CAFs also mediate tumor-enhancing inflammation in a mouse model of skin carcinoma. Breast and ovarian carcinomas are amongst the leading causes of cancer-related mortality in women and cancer-related inflammation is linked with both these tumor types. However, the role of CAFs in mediating inflammation in these malignancies remains obscure. Here we show that CAFs in human breast and ovarian tumors express high levels of the pro-inflammatory factors IL-6, COX-2 and CXCL1, previously identified to be part of a CAF pro-inflammatory gene signature. Moreover, we show that both pro-inflammatory signaling by CAFs and leukocyte infiltration of tumors are enhanced in invasive ductal carcinoma as compared with ductal carcinoma in situ. The pro-inflammatory genes expressed by CAFs are known NF-ĪŗB targets and we show that NF-ĪŗB is up-regulated in breast and ovarian CAFs. Our data imply that CAFs mediate tumor-promoting inflammation in human breast and ovarian tumors and thus may be an attractive target for stromal-directed therapeutics.

  6. What`s new about the FERC`s new utility merger policy?

    SciTech Connect

    Griff, M.T.

    1997-02-01

    Order No. 592 of the US Federal Energy Regulatory commission regarding utility mergers is analyzed. Highlighted topics include effects on competition, relevant product markets, geographic markets, market concentration, remedial measures, effects on rates, and effects on regulations. The Order is generally depicted as an assembly of the commissions operative doctrines into one document, with little new regulations. However, increased litigation and the same or lengthier review times are predicted to result from the guidelines.

  7. The FERC`s policy on electric mergers: A bit of perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Cudahy, R.D.

    1997-10-01

    During the past sixty years when electric power has been a pervasively regulated industry, no comparable epidemic of mergers or related consolidations has broken out. There have been a few sporadic efforts at merger, but nothing like the present phenomenon. While pervasively regulated, electric utilities apparently saw little advantage in merger. They also probably correctly thought that their regulators, especially the state regulators, would not view merger activities with great favor. But above all, the utilities did not perceive the risk-the risk of bankruptcy-that deregulation has brought. Before the energy crisis of the 1970`s, the most significant risk encountered by the investor-owned electric utility industry was of a government take-over in the 1930`s or of the encroachment of public power at various times and places. Otherwise, the industry led a blissful life of guaranteed franchises, ever-expanding revenues, ever-declining costs and cost-plus regulation. In the 1970`s and 1980`s came the agonies of inflation, fuel shortages, cost overruns and plant disallowances. For the most part, however, the regulators saw to it that the industry continued to recover its costs, after a fashion. With competition only a gleam in professorial eyes, only a few mergers were announced and consummated. The floodgates opened with passage of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Competition, centered on the generation segment of the classic trio of generation, transmission and distribution, loomed larger and larger. And with competition in generation came bedeviling risk. For with deregulation, the government presumably will cease to be concerned that the generating parts of the industry recover their costs. The electricity business thus has lost its oldest friend. Where there was once manageable or at least calculable risk, there is now formidable fear of the unknown and the potentially disastrous. 109 refs.

  8. HyPro: A Financial Tool for Simulating Hydrogen Infrastructure Development, Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Brian D. James, Peter O. Schmidt, Julie Perez

    2008-12-01

    This report summarizes a multi-year Directed Technologies Inc. (DTI) project to study the build-out of hydrogen production facilities during the transition from gasoline internal combustion engine vehicle to hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. The primary objectives of the project are to develop an enhanced understanding of hydrogen production issues during the transition period (out to 2050) and to develop recommendations for the DOE on areas of further study. These objectives are achieved by conducting economic and scenario analysis to predict how industry would provide the hydrogen production, delivery and dispensing capabilities necessary to satisfy increased hydrogen demand. The primary tool used for the analysis is a custom created MatLab simulation tool entitled HyPro (short for Hydrogen Production). This report describes the calculation methodology used in HyPro, the baseline assumptions, the results of the baseline analysis and several corollary studies. The appendices of this report included a complete listing of model assumptions (capital costs, efficiencies, feedstock prices, delivery distances, etc.) and a step-by-step manual on the specific operation of the HyPro program. This study was made possible with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

  9. Influence of Pro-Qura-generated Plans on Postimplant Dosimetric Quality: A Review of a Multi-Institutional Database

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, Zachariah |||; Merrick, Gregory S. ||| Grimm, Peter; Blasko, John; Sylvester, John; Butler, Wayne; Chaudry, Usman-Ul-Haq; Sitter, Michael |||

    2008-10-01

    The influence of Pro-Qura-generated plans vs. community-generated plans on postprostate brachytherapy dosimetric quality was compared. In the Pro-Qura database, 2933 postplans were evaluated from 57 institutions. A total of 1803 plans were generated by Pro-Qura and 1130 by community institutions. Iodine-125 ({sup 125}I) plans outnumbered Palladium 103 ({sup 103}Pd) plans by a ratio of 3:1. Postimplant dosimetry was performed in a standardized fashion by overlapping the preimplant ultrasound and the postimplant computed tomography (CT). In this analysis, adequacy was defined as a V{sub 100} > 80% and a D{sub 90} of 90% to 140% for both isotopes along with a V{sub 150} < 60% for {sup 125}I and < 75% for {sup 103}Pd. The mean postimplant V{sub 100} and D{sub 90} were 88.6% and 101.6% vs. 89.3% and 102.3% for Pro-Qura and community plans, respectively. When analyzed in terms of the first 8 sequence groups (10 patients/sequence group) for each institution, Pro-Qura planning resulted in less postimplant variability for V{sub 100} (86.2-89.5%) and for D{sub 90} (97.4-103.2%) while community-generated plans had greater V{sub 100} (85.3-91.2%) and D{sub 90} (95.9-105.2%) ranges. In terms of sequence groups, postimplant dosimetry was deemed 'too cool' in 11% to 30% of cases and 'too hot' in 12% to 27%. On average, no clinically significant postimplant dosimetric differences were discerned between Pro-Qura and community-based planning. However, substantially greater variability was identified in the community-based plan cohort. It is possible that the Pro-Qura plan and/or the routine postimplant dosimetric evaluation may have influenced dosimetric outcomes at community-based centers.

  10. CHARACTERIZATION OF Pro-Beam LOW VOLTAGE ELECTRON BEAM WELDING MACHINE

    SciTech Connect

    Burgardt, Paul; Pierce, Stanley W.

    2015-02-18

    The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss data related to the performance of a newly acquired low voltage electron beam welding machine. The machine was made by Pro-Beam AG &Co. KGaA of Germany. This machine was recently installed at LANL in building SM -39; a companion machine was installed in the production facility. The PB machine is substantially different than the EBW machines typically used at LANL and therefore, it is important to understand its characteristics as well as possible. Our basic purpose in this paper is to present basic machine performance data and to compare those with similar results from the existing EBW machines. It is hoped that this data will provide a historical record of this machineā€™s characteristics as well as possibly being helpful for transferring welding processes from the old EBW machines to the PB machine or comparable machines that may be purchased in the future.

  11. Towards a 100mA Superconducting RF Photoinjector for BERLinPro

    SciTech Connect

    Neumann, Axel; Anders, W.; Burrill, Andrew; Jankowiak, Andreas; Kamps, T.; Knobloch, Jens; Kugeler, Oliver; Lauinger, P.; Matveenko, A.N.; Schmeisser, M.; Volker, J.; Ciovati, Gianluigi; Kneisel, Peter; Nietubyc, R.; Schubert, S.G.; Smedley, John; Sekutowicz, Jacek; Volkov, V.; Will, I.; Zaplatin, Evgeny

    2013-09-01

    For BERLinPro, a 100 mA CW-driven SRF energy recovery linac demonstrator facility, HZB needs to develop a photo-injector superconducting cavity which delivers a at least 1mm*mr emittance beam at high average current. To address these challenges of producing a high peak brightness beam at high repetition rate, at first HZB tested a fully superconducting injector with a lead cathode*,followed now by the design of a SC cavity allowing operation up to 4 mA using CW-modified TTF-III couplers and inserting a normal conducting high quantum efficiency cathode using the HZDR-style insert scheme. This talk will present the latest results and an overview of the measurements with the lead cathode cavity and will describe the design and optimization process, the first production results of the current design and an outlook to the further development steps towards the full power version.

  12. Solar Energy to Benefit from New FERC Interconnection Procedures

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    As a major win for solar and testament to the impact of Department of Energy’s SunShot Initiative funded research at the national labs, this past month Federal Energy Regulatory Commission announced the adoption of new “fast track” rules to make the interconnection process dramatically cheaper and faster for small wholesale energy projects, representing a major improvement with nationwide impacts.

  13. EIS-0488: Notice of Adoption of FERC Final Environmental Impact...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Louisiana EPA announces the Department of Energy's adoption of the Federal Energy ... EIS-0488-FEIS-DOEAdoption-2014.pdf (54.65 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0447: EPA ...

  14. EIS-0513: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact...

    Energy Saver

    Jacksonville Project, Jacksonville, Florida The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ... Johns River in Jacksonville, Florida. DOE is a cooperating agency. A later supplemental ...

  15. EIS-0513: FERC Supplemental Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Jacksonville Project, Jacksonville, Florida The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ... Johns River in Jacksonville, Florida. This supplemental notice announces an extension of ...

  16. Solar Energy to Benefit from New FERC Interconnection Procedures...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the adoption of new "fast track" rules to make the interconnection process ... the adoption of new "fast track" rules to make the interconnection process ...

  17. EIS-0489: FERC Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of a Draft EIS to analyze the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct and operate the Jordan Cove Liquefaction and Pacific Connector Pipeline Projects. ...

  18. Analysis of the California WEPEX applications to FERC

    SciTech Connect

    Stoft, S.

    1996-10-01

    The major theme of this report is that the Western Power Exchange (WEPEX) Applications prevent the Independent System Operator (ISO) from clearing the market, and that this is the root of the most important problems. The proposed rules at fault (1) prevent the Power Exchange (PX) and other Scheduling Coordinators from passing on all of their bids to the ISO, and (2) prevent the ISO from dispatching beyond the point at which congestion is eliminated. Although it is generally accepted that these restrictions prevent the ISO from achieving the least-cost dispatch, many other consequences of this market-clearing failure have not been widely recognized. These include sub-optimal dispatches by the PX when the system is uncongested, congestion charges that reward power flow in the congested direction, and incentives for Scheduling Coordinators to ignore known intra-zone congestion. But the most pernicious effect of failing to clear the market may be decreased system reliability. Four minor themes will also be considered but in less detail. Most importantly the author describes several examples of unequal treatment for the PX. Second, he discusses the ambiguities introduced by zonal pricing. WEPEX`s zonal system is based on a view of congestion that largely ignores loop flow and consequently has not been well defined. Third, WEPEX appears to have invented a new definition of the transmission congestion contract (TCC) that is based on actual instead of pre-specified flows. The author shows that this ruins the incentive properties of TCCs, but that this problem is partially rectified by the market in TCCs. Lastly, he discusses losses. The WEPEX proposal intentionally avoids marginal-cost pricing of losses. What has not been recognized is that it significantly increases use of the power grid. Because this effect is greatest during peak usage, it will necessitate costly grid expansion.

  19. FERC Order No. 2003 - Appendix C | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    through June 3, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2003 Legal Citation 68 FR 49846 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online...

  20. FERC Hydroelectric Project Handbook for Filings other than Licenses...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hydroelectric Project Handbook for Filings other than Licenses and Exemptions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance -...

  1. EIS-0510: FERC Notice of Intent to Prepare Environmental Impact...

    Energy Saver

    a proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. ... and export of natural gas, including LNG, unless it finds that the import or export ...

  2. EA-1963: FERC Notice of Availability for Final Environmental Assessment

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Elba Liquefaction Project; Chatham, Hart, Jefferson, and Effingham Counties, Georgia, and Jasper County, South Carolina

  3. FERC Order No. 2003 Appendix 3 - System Impact Study Agreement...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Reference needed Missing content Broken link Other Additional Comments Cancel Submit Categories: References Buildings References Geothermal References Solar References Wind...

  4. FERC Handbook for Hydroelectric Project Licensing and 5 MW Exemptions...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Handbook for Hydroelectric Project Licensing and 5 MW Exemptions from Licensing Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance -...

  5. EIS-0493: FERC Notice of Availability of Final Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Corpus Christi LNG Terminal and Pipeline Project, Nueces and San Patricio Counties, Texas ... an approximately 23-mile-long natural gas transmission pipeline and associated facilities. ...

  6. EIS-0491: FERC Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Lake Charles Liquefaction Project, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of availability of a Draft EIS that analyzes the potential...

  7. Property:FERC License Docket Number | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tidal Energy + P-14232 + MHK ProjectsCarrolton Bend Project + P-12833 + MHK ProjectsCat Island Project + P-12919 + MHK ProjectsClaiborne Island Project + P-12860 + MHK...

  8. BPA seeks clarification and rehearing on FERC order on Environmental...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and rehearing of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's order on BPA's Interim Environmental Redispatch policy. "While BPA is meeting a regulatory deadline to respond to...

  9. Processing and Testing of the SRF Photoinjector Cavity for BERLinPro

    SciTech Connect

    Burrill, Andrew; Anders, W.; Frahm, A.; Knobloch, Jens; Neumann, Axel; Ciovati, Gianluigi; Clemens, William; Kneisel, Peter; Turlington, Larry; Zaplatin, Evgeny

    2014-07-01

    The BERLinPro project is a compact, c.w. SRF energy recovery linac (ERL) that is being built to develop the accelerator physics and technology required to operate the next generation of high current ERLs. The machine is designed to produce a 50 MeV 100 mA beam, with better than 1 mm-mrad emittance. The electron source for the ERL will be a SRF photoinjector equipped with a multi-alkali photocathode. In order to produce a SRF photoinjector to operate reliably at this beam current HZB has undertaken a 3 stage photoinjector development program to study the operation of SRF photoinjectors in detail. The 1.4 cell cavity being reported on here is the second stage of this development, and represents the first cavity designed by HZB for use with a high quantum efficiency multi-alkali photocathode. This paper will describe the work done to prepare the cavity for RF testing in the vertical testing dewar at Jefferson Laboratory as well as the results of these RF tests.

  10. Why applicants should use computer simulation models to comply with the FERC`s new merger policy

    SciTech Connect

    Frankena, M.W.; Morris, J.R.

    1997-02-01

    Computer models for electric utility use in complying with the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission policy on mergers are described. Four types of simulation models that are widely used in the electric power industry are considered as tools for analyzing market power issues: dispatch/transportation models, dispatch/unit-commitment models, load-flow models, and load-flow/dispatch models. Basic model capabilities and limitations are described. Uses of the models for other purposes are also noted, including regulatory filings, antitrust litigation, and evaluation of pricing strategies.

  11. Acute Toxicity of Radiochemotherapy in Rectal Cancer Patients: A Risk Particularly for Carriers of the TGFB1 Pro25 variant

    SciTech Connect

    Schirmer, Markus Anton; Mergler, Caroline Patricia Nadine; Rave-Fraenk, Margret; Herrmann, Markus Karl; Hennies, Steffen; Gaedcke, Jochen; Conradi, Lena-Christin; Jo, Peter; Beissbarth, Tim; Hess, Clemens Friedrich; Becker, Heinz; Ghadimi, Michael; Brockmoeller, Juergen; Christiansen, Hans; Wolff, Hendrik Andreas

    2012-05-01

    Purpose: Transforming growth factor-beta1 is related to adverse events in radiochemotherapy. We investigated TGFB1 genetic variability in relation to quality of life-impairing acute organ toxicity (QAOT) of neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy under clinical trial conditions. Methods and Materials: Two independent patient cohorts (n = 88 and n = 75) diagnosed with International Union Against Cancer stage II/III rectal cancer received neoadjuvant radiation doses of 50.4 Gy combined with 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy. Toxicity was monitored according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. QAOT was defined as a CTCAE grade {>=}2 for at least one case of enteritis, proctitis, cystitis, or dermatitis. Nine germline polymorphisms covering the common genetic diversity in the TGFB1 gene were genotyped. Results: In both cohorts, all patients carrying the TGFB1 Pro25 variant experienced QAOT (positive predictive value of 100%, adjusted p = 0.0006). In a multivariate logistic regression model, gender, age, body mass index, type of chemotherapy, or disease state had no significant impact on QAOT. Conclusion: The TGFB1 Pro25 variant could be a relevant marker for individual treatment stratification and carriers may benefit from adaptive clinical care or specific radiation techniques.

  12. Evaluation of the effect of organic pro-degradant concentration in polypropylene exposed to the natural ageing

    SciTech Connect

    Montagna, L. S. E-mail: andrecatto@terra.com.br E-mail: mmcforte@hotmail.com Catto, A. L. E-mail: andrecatto@terra.com.br E-mail: mmcforte@hotmail.com Rossini, K. E-mail: andrecatto@terra.com.br E-mail: mmcforte@hotmail.com Forte, M. M. C. E-mail: andrecatto@terra.com.br E-mail: mmcforte@hotmail.com Santana, R. M. C. E-mail: andrecatto@terra.com.br E-mail: mmcforte@hotmail.com

    2014-05-15

    The production and consumption of plastics in the last decade has recorded a remarkable increase in the scientific and industrial interest in environmentally degradable polymer (EDPs). Polymers wastes are deposited improperly, such as dumps, landfills, rivers and seas, causing a serious problem by the accumulation in the environment. The abiotic processes, like the photodegradation, are the most efficient occurring in the open environmental, where the polymers undergo degradation from the action of sunlight that result from direct exposure to solar radiation, however depend of the type of chemical ageing, which is the principal component of climatic ageing. The subject of this work is to study the influence of concentration of organic pro-degradant (1, 2 and 3 % w/w) in the polypropylene (PP) exposed in natural ageing. PP samples with and without the additive were processed in plates square form, obtained by thermal compression molding (TCM) using a press at 200°C under 2 tons for 5 min, and then were exposed at natural ageing during 120 days. The presence of organic additive influenced on PP degradability, this fact was assessed by changes in the thermal and morphology properties of the samples after 120 days of natural ageing. Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM) results of the morphological surface of the modified PP samples showed greater degradation photochemical oxidative when compared to neat PP, due to increase of rugosity and formation of microvoids. PP samples with different pro-degradant concentration under natural ageing presented a degree of crystallinity, obtained by Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) increases in comparing the neat PP.

  13. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    degree-days are deviations above the mean daily temperature of 65 F. For example, a weather station recording a mean daily temperature of 78 F would report 13 cooling...

  14. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Consumption and Expenditures Indicators Estimates Energy Consumption, 1949-2011 Energy Expenditures, 1970-2010 Energy Consumption per Real Dollar of Gross Domestic...

  15. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monthly Value (Year of Record) 2010- 2011 Heating Season 30-Year Monthly Normal Record Low Monthly Value (Year of Record) 260 (1981) (1985) 1 Based on calculations of data from...

  16. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    High Monthly Value (Year of Record) 2011 Cooling Season 30-Year Monthly Normal Record Low Monthly Value (Year of Record) 83 (1963) 118 (1967) 27 (1976) 268 (1950) 147 (1991) 228...

  17. Word Pro - A

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

  18. Word Pro - A

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 a Exact conversion. b Calculated by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#appendices. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Techni- cal Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices, NIST Handbook 44, 1994 Edition (Washington, DC, October 1993), pp. B-10, C-17, and C-21. cubic feet (ft 3 ) 128 a = 1 cord (cd) shorts tons 1.25 b = 1 cord (cd) Wood

  19. Word Pro - A

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Appendix C Table C1. Population, U.S. Gross Domestic Product, and U.S. Gross Output Population U.S. Gross Domestic Product U.S. Gross Output a United States b World United States as Share of World Billion Nominal Dollars d Billion Chained (2009) Dollars e Implicit Price Deflator c (2009 = 1.00000) Billion Nominal Dollars d Million People Percent 1950 .............. 152.3 2,557.6 6.0 300.2 2,184.0 0.13745 NA 1955 .............. 165.9 2,782.1 6.0 426.2 2,739.0 .15559 NA 1960 .............. 180.7

  20. Word Pro - A

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ec 192 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table A2. Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Production, Imports, and Exports (Million Btu per Barrel) Production Imports Exports Crude Oil a Petroleum Products Total Crude Oil a Petroleum Products Total Crude Oil a Natural Gas Plant Liquids Motor Gasoline b Total Products Motor Gasoline c Total Products 1950 ...................... 5.800 4.522 5.943 5.253 6.263 6.080 5.800 5.253 5.751 5.766 1955

  1. Word Pro - A

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Appendix D Table D1. Estimated Primary Energy Consumption in the United States, Selected Years, 1635-1945 (Quadrillion Btu) Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy Electricity Net Imports b Total Coal Natural Gas Petroleum Total Conventional Hydroelectric Power Biomass Total Wood a 1635 .............. NA - - - - NA - - (s) (s) - - (s) 1645 .............. NA - - - - NA - - 0.001 0.001 - - 0.001 1655 .............. NA - - - - NA - - .002 .002 - - .002 1665 .............. NA - - - - NA - - .005 .005 - -

  2. Word Pro - A

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Note. Geographic Coverage of Statistics for 1635-1945. Table D1 presents estimates of U.S. energy consumption by energy source for a period that begins a century and a half before the original 13 colonies formed a political union and continues through the decades during which the United States was still expanding territorially. The question thus arises, what exactly is meant by "U.S. consumption" of an energy source for those years when the United States did not formally exist or

  3. Word Pro - A

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    195 Table A5. Approximate Heat Content of Coal and Coal Coke (Million Btu per Short Ton) Coal Coal Coke Production a Waste Coal Supplied b Consumption Imports Exports Imports and Exports Residential and Commercial Sectors c Industrial Sector Electric Power Sector e,f Total Coke Plants Other d 1950 ........................ 25.090 NA 24.461 26.798 24.820 23.937 24.989 25.020 26.788 24.800 1955 ........................ 25.201 NA 24.373 26.794 24.821 24.056 24.982 25.000 26.907 24.800 1960

  4. Word Pro - A

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table A6. Approximate Heat Rates for Electricity, and Heat Content of Electricity (Btu per Kilowatthour) Approximate Heat Rates a for Electricity Net Generation Heat Content j of Electricity k Fossil Fuels b Nuclear h Noncombustible Renewable Energy g,i Coal c Petroleum d Natural Gas e Total Fossil Fuels f,g 1950 .............................. NA NA NA 14,030 - - 14,030 3,412 1955 .............................. NA NA

  5. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Consumption by Sector 1. Energy Overview Figure 1.1 Primary Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu) Overview, 1949-2015 Overview, Monthly Overview, July 2016 Net Imports, January-July Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. Source: Table 1.1. 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 6.515 6.443 6.944 2014 2015 2016 0 2 4 6 8 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Consumption Production

  6. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 1.4a Primary Energy Imports by Source (Quadrillion Btu) Imports Coal Coal Coke Natural Gas Petroleum Biofuels c Electricity Total Crude Oil a Petroleum Products b Total 1950 Total ...................... 0.009 0.011 0.000 1.056 0.830 1.886 NA 0.007 1.913 1955 Total ...................... .008 .003 .011 1.691 1.061 2.752 NA .016 2.790 1960 Total ...................... .007 .003 .161 2.196 1.802 3.999 NA .018 4.188 1965 Total ...................... .005 .002

  7. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Merchandise Trade Value (Billion Dollars a ) Imports and Exports, 1974-2015 Imports and Exports, Monthly Trade Balance, 1974-2015 Trade Balance, Monthly a Prices are not adjusted for inflation. S ee "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. Source: Table 1.5. 12 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Energy Exports 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 J F MA M J J A S

  8. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.5 Merchandise Trade Value (Million Dollars a ) Petroleum b Energy c Non- Energy Balance Total Merchandise Exports Imports Balance Exports Imports Balance Exports Imports Balance 1974 Total ................ 792 24,668 -23,876 3,444 25,454 -22,010 18,126 99,437 103,321 -3,884 1975 Total ................ 907 25,197 -24,289 4,470 26,476 -22,006 31,557 108,856 99,305 9,551 1980 Total ................ 2,833 78,637 -75,803 7,982 82,924 -74,942 55,246 225,566 245,262 -19,696 1985 Total

  9. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Primary Energy Consumption and Energy Expenditures Indicators Energy Consumption per Capita, 1949-2015 Primary Energy Consumption per Real Dollar a of Gross Domestic Product, 1949-2015 Energy Expenditures as Share of Gross Domestic Product and Gross Output, b 1987-2013 16 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 100 200 300 400 Million Btu Thousand Btu per Chained (2009) Dollar a 1950

  10. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.7 Primary Energy Consumption, Energy Expenditures, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions Indicators Primary Energy Consumption a Energy Expenditures b Carbon Dioxide Emissions c Consump- tion Consump- tion per Capita Consumption per Real Dollar d of GDP e Expendi- tures Expendi- tures per Capita Expenditures as Share of GDP e Expenditures as Share of Gross Output f Emissions Emissions per Capita Emissions per Real Dollar d of GDP e Quadrillion Btu Million Btu Thousand Btu per Chained (2009)

  11. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 1.9 Heating Degree Days by Census Division New England a Middle Atlantic b East North Central c West North Central d South Atlantic e East South Central f West South Central g Mountain h Pacific i United States 1950 Total .................... 6,794 6,324 7,027 7,455 3,521 3,547 2,277 6,341 3,906 5,367 1955 Total .................... 6,872 6,231 6,486 6,912 3,508 3,513 2,294 6,704 4,320 5,246 1960 Total .................... 6,828 6,391 6,908 7,184 3,780

  12. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.10 Cooling Degree Days by Census Division New England a Middle Atlantic b East North Central c West North Central d South Atlantic e East South Central f West South Central g Mountain h Pacific i United States 1950 Total .................... 295 401 505 647 1,414 1,420 2,282 682 629 871 1955 Total .................... 532 761 922 1,139 1,636 1,674 2,508 780 558 1,144 1960 Total .................... 318 487 626 871 1,583 1,532 2,367 974 796 1,000 1965 Total .................... 310 498

  13. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu) Production Trade Stock Change and Other d Consumption Fossil Fuels a Nuclear Electric Power Renew- able Energy b Total Imports Exports Net Imports c Fossil Fuels e Nuclear Electric Power Renew- able Energy b Total f 1950 Total .................... 32.563 0.000 2.978 35.540 1.913 1.465 0.448 -1.372 31.632 0.000 2.978 34.616 1955 Total .................... 37.364 .000 2.784 40.148 2.790 2.286 .504 -.444 37.410 .000 2.784 40.208 1960 Total

  14. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 Primary Energy Production (Quadrillion Btu) By Source, 1949-2015 By Source, Monthly Total, January-July By Source, July 2016 a Natural gas plant liquids. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. Source: Table 1.2. 4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 2014 2015 2016 Renewable Energy Crude Oil and NGPL a Nuclear Electric Power Coal Natural Gas Crude Oil and NGPL a Renewable Energy Nuclear Electric Power 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975

  15. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu) Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy a Total Coal b Natural Gas (Dry) Crude Oil c NGPL d Total Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal Solar Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................. 14.060 6.233 11.447 0.823 32.563 0.000 1.415 NA NA NA 1.562 2.978 35.540 1955 Total .................. 12.370 9.345 14.410 1.240 37.364 .000 1.360 NA NA NA 1.424 2.784 40.148 1960 Total .................. 10.817 12.656 14.935

  16. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Primary Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) By Source, a 1949-2015 By Source, a Monthly Total, January-July By Source, a July 2016 a Small quantities of net imports of coal coke and electricity are not shown. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. Source: Table 1.3. 6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 15 30 45 Petroleum Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Electric

  17. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu) Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy a Total f Coal Natural Gas b Petro- leum c Total d Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal Solar Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 12.347 5.968 13.315 31.632 0.000 1.415 NA NA NA 1.562 2.978 34.616 1955 Total .................... 11.167 8.998 17.255 37.410 .000 1.360 NA NA NA 1.424 2.784 40.208 1960 Total .................... 9.838 12.385 19.919 42.137 .006

  18. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    a Primary Energy Imports and Exports (Quadrillion Btu) Imports by Source, 1949-2015 Exports by Source, 1949-2015 Imports by Source, Monthly Exports by Major Source, Monthly a Coal, coal coke, biofuels, and electricity. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. b Includes coal coke. Sources: Tables 1.4a and 1.4b. 8 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 5 10 15 20 25

  19. Word Pro - S1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    b Primary Energy Net Imports (Quadrillion Btu) Total, 1949-2015 By Major Source, 1949-2015 Total, Monthly By Major Source, Monthly U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 9 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Natural Gas Crude Oil a Petroleum Products b Coal Crude Oil a 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 -5 Petroleum Products b Coal Natural Gas J

  20. Word Pro - S10

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    . Renewable Energy Figure 10.1 Renewable Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) Major Sources, 1949-2015 By Source, 2015 By Sector, 2015 Compared With Other Resources, 1949-2015 150 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Solar a Hydroelectric Power b Wind a Renewable Energy a See Table 10.1 for definition. b Conventional hydroelectric power. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable. Sources: Tables 1.3 and 10.1-10.2c. Power fuels a

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    8 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 10.6 Solar Electricity Net Generation (Million Kilowatthours) Distributed a Solar Generation b Utility-Scale c Solar Generation b Total Residential Sector Commercial Sector Industrial Sector Total Commercial Sector d Industrial Sector e Electric Power Sector f Total 1985 Total ...................... NA NA NA NA NA NA 11 11 11 1990 Total ...................... 10 14 3 27 - - 367 367 394 1995 Total

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Renewable Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) Major Sources, 1949-2015 By Source, 2015 By Sector, 2015 Compared With Other Resources, 1949-2015 150 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Solar a Hydroelectric Power b Wind a Renewable Energy a See Table 10.1 for definition. b Conventional hydroelectric power. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable. Sources: Tables 1.3 and 10.1-10.2c. Power fuels a Fossil Fuels Biomass a Nuclear

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    2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 10.2a Renewable Energy Consumption: Residential and Commercial Sectors (Trillion Btu) Residential Sector Commercial Sector a Geo- thermal b Solar c Biomass Total Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal b Solar f Wind g Biomass Total Wood d Wood d Waste h Fuel Ethanol i Total 1950 Total .................... NA NA 1,006 1,006 NA NA NA NA 19 NA NA 19 19 1955 Total .................... NA NA 775 775 NA NA NA NA 15 NA NA

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    4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 10.2c Renewable Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector (Trillion Btu) Hydro- electric Power a Geo- thermal b Solar c Wind d Biomass Total Wood e Waste f Total 1950 Total .................... 1,346 NA NA NA 5 NA 5 1,351 1955 Total .................... 1,322 NA NA NA 3 NA 3 1,325 1960 Total .................... 1,569 (s) NA NA 2 NA 2 1,571 1965 Total .................... 2,026 2 NA NA 3 NA 3 2,031 1970 Total

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    U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 157 Table 10.5 Solar Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Distributed a Solar Energy b Utility-Scale c Solar Energy b Total k Heat f Electricity d Total g Electricity e Residential Sector Commercial Sector Industrial Sector Total Commercial Sector h Industrial Sector i Electric Power Sector j Total 1985 Total ...................... NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) 1990 Total ...................... 55 (s) (s) (s) (s) 55 -

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Note. Renewable Energy Production and Consumption. In Tables 1.1, 1.3, and 10.1, renewable energy consumption consists of: conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu by multiplying by the total fossil fuels heat rate factors in Table A6); geothermal electricity net generation (converted to Btu by multiplying by the total fossil fuels heat rate factors in Table A6), and geothermal heat pump and geothermal direct use energy; solar thermal and photovoltaic electricity net

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    . International Petroleum Figure 11.1a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2015 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2015 Selected Producers, Monthly 168 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 United States 2014 2015 2016 2014 2015 2016 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 30 60 90 Non-OPEC

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    a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2015 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2015 Selected Producers, Monthly 168 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 United States 2014 2015 2016 2014 2015 2016 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 30 60 90 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000

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    b World Crude Oil Production by Selected Countries (Million Barrels per Day) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 169 3.652 3.938 0.482 2.193 1.763 10.254 0.970 8.685 1.320 1.876 0.545 0.845 4.130 4.415 2.570 0.310 1.880 1.537 10.670 2.840 2.220 3.821 4.263 0.524 2.308 1.611 10.213 0.839 9.418 1.370 1.890 0.538 0.772 3.300 4.325 2.550 0.400 2.245 1.537 10.400 2.820 2.500 Canada China Egypt Mexico Norway Russia United Kingdom United States Algeria Angola

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    70 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 11.1a World Crude Oil Production: Selected OPEC Members (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria Angola Ecuador Indo- nesia Iran Iraq Kuwait a Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia a United Arab Emirates Vene- zuela Total OPEC b 1973 Average ................ 1,097 162 209 1,339 5,861 2,018 3,020 2,175 2,054 570 7,596 1,533 3,366 R 31,150 1975 Average ................ 983 165 161 1,307 5,350 2,262 2,084 1,480 1,783 438

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 11.1b World Crude Oil Production: Persian Gulf Nations, Non-OPEC, and World (Thousand Barrels per Day) Persian Gulf Nations b Selected Non-OPEC a Producers Total Non- OPEC a World Canada China Egypt Mexico Norway Former U.S.S.R. Russia United Kingdom United States 1973 Average .................... 20,668 1,798 1,090 165 465 32 8,324 NA 2 9,208 R 24,529 55,679 1975 Average .................... 18,934 1,430 1,490 235 705 189 9,523 NA 12 8,375 R 25,509 52,828 1980 Average

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    3 Table 11.2 Petroleum Consumption in OECD Countries (Thousand Barrels per Day) France Germany a Italy United Kingdom OECD Europe b Canada Japan South Korea United States Other OECD c OECD d World 1973 Average .................... 2,601 3,324 2,068 2,341 15,879 1,729 4,949 281 17,308 1,768 41,913 57,237 1975 Average .................... 2,252 2,957 1,855 1,911 14,314 1,779 4,621 311 16,322 1,885 39,232 56,198 1980 Average .................... 2,256 3,082 1,934 1,725 14,995 1,873 4,960 537 17,056

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 11.3 Petroleum Stocks in OECD Countries (Million Barrels) France Germany a Italy United Kingdom OECD Europe b Canada Japan South Korea United States Other OECD c OECD d 1973 Year ......................... 201 181 152 156 1,070 140 303 NA 1,008 67 2,588 1975 Year ......................... 225 187 143 165 1,154 174 375 NA 1,133 67 2,903 1980 Year ......................... 243 319 170 168 1,464 164 495 NA 1,392 72 3,587 1985 Year ......................... 139 277 156 131 1,154 112 500 13

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    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 12.7 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Consumption (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide a ) By Source By Sector Wood b Biomass Waste c Fuel Ethanol d Bio- diesel Total Resi- dential Com- mercial e Indus- trial f Trans- portation Electric Power g Total 1973 Total ...................... 143 (s) NA NA 143 33 1 109 NA (s) 143 1975 Total ...................... 140 (s) NA NA 141 40 1 100 NA (s) 141 1980

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption by Sector (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide) Total a by End-Use Sector, b 1973-2015 Residential Sector by Major Source, 1973-2015 Commercial Sector by Major Source, 1973-2015 Industrial Sector by Major Source, 1973-2015 Transportation Sector by Major Source, 1973-2015 Electric Power Sector by Major Source, 1973-2015 180 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 12.5 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide a ) Coal Natural Gas b Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity f Total g Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil c Jet Fuel LPG d Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline e Residual Fuel Oil Total 1973 Total ........................ (s) 39 6 163 152 3 6 886 57 1,273 2 1,315 1975 Total ........................ (s) 32 5 155

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2. Energy Consumption by Sector Figure 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector (Quadrillion Btu) Total Consumption by End-Use Sector, 1949-2015 Total Consumption by End-Use Sector, Monthly By Sector, July 2016 28 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Transportation Residential 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 10 20 30 40 Industrial Transportation Residential Commercial J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Transportation Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) By Major Source, 1949-2015 By Major Source, Monthly Total, January-July Total, Monthly . 36 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 2014 2015 2016 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Petroleum Natural Gas Renewable Energy J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Petroleum Natural Gas

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) By Major Source, 1949-2015 By Major Source, Monthly Total, January-July By Major Source, July 2016 . 38 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 2014 2015 2016 Nuclear Electric Power Natural Gas Petroleum Renewable Energy Coal Renewable Energy Natural Gas 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 2.6 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy b Elec- tricity Net Imports f Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum Total Hydro- electric Power d Geo- thermal Solar e Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total ...................... 2,199 651 472 3,322 0 1,346 NA NA NA 5 1,351 6 4,679 1955 Total ...................... 3,458 1,194 471 5,123 0 1,322 NA NA NA 3 1,325 14 6,461 1960 Total ......................

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 2.7 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency, Fiscal Years (Trillion Btu) Fiscal Year a Agri- culture Defense Energy GSA b HHS c Interior Justice NASA d Postal Service Trans- portation Veterans Affairs Other e Total 1975 .............. 9.5 1,360.2 50.4 22.3 6.5 9.4 5.9 13.4 30.5 19.3 27.1 10.5 1,565.0 1976 .............. 9.3 1,183.3 50.3 20.6 6.7 9.4 5.7 12.4 30.0 19.5 25.0 11.2 1,383.4 1977 ..............

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 2.8 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Source, Fiscal Years (Trillion Btu) Fiscal Year a Coal Natural Gas b Petroleum Other Mobility Fuels f Elec- tricity Purchased Steam and Other g Total Aviation Gasoline Fuel Oil c Jet Fuel LPG d Motor Gasoline e Total 1975 .............. 77.9 166.2 22.0 376.0 707.4 5.6 63.2 1,174.2 0.0 141.5 5.1 1,565.0 1976 .............. 71.3 151.8 11.6 329.7 610.0 4.7 60.4 1,016.4 .0 139.3 4.6 1,383.4 1977 .............. 68.4 141.2 8.8 348.5 619.2 4.1 61.4

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector (Quadrillion Btu) Total Consumption by End-Use Sector, 1949-2015 Total Consumption by End-Use Sector, Monthly By Sector, July 2016 28 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Transportation Residential 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 10 20 30 40 Industrial Transportation Residential Commercial J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 1 2 3 4 Industrial

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 2.2 Residential Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Electricity Retail Sales e Electrical System Energy Losses f Total Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum Total Geo- thermal Solar d Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 1,261 1,240 1,322 3,824 NA NA 1,006 1,006 4,829 246 913 5,989 1955 Total .................... 867 2,198 1,767 4,833 NA NA 775 775 5,608 438 1,232 7,278 1960 Total .................... 585 3,212

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Commercial Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) By Major Source, 1949-2015 By Major Source, Monthly Total, January-July By Major Source, July 2016 32 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 1 2 3 4 5 Electricity a Natural Gas Petroleum Coal Renewable Energy 2014 2015 2016 J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 Natural Gas

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Elec- tricity Retail Sales g Electrical System Energy Losses h Total Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum d Total Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal Solar f Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 1,542 401 872 2,815 NA NA NA NA 19 19 2,834 225 834 3,893 1955 Total .................... 801 651 1,095 2,547 NA NA NA NA 15 15 2,561 350 984 3,895 1960 Total

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Industrial Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) By Major Source, 1949-2015 By Major Source, Monthly Total, January-July By Major Source, July 2016 34 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Coal 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 3 6 9 12 Natural Gas Petroleum Electricity a Renewable Energy J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 Natural Gas Petroleum

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Elec- tricity Retail Sales h Electrical System Energy Losses i Total e Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum d Total e Hydro- electric Power f Geo- thermal Solar g Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 5,781 3,546 3,960 13,288 69 NA NA NA 532 602 13,890 500 1,852 16,241 1955 Total .................... 5,620 4,701 5,123 15,434 38 NA NA NA 631 669 16,103 887

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Consumption by Sector Note 1. Electrical System Energy Losses. Electrical system energy losses are calculated as the difference between total primary consumption by the electric power sector (see Table 2.6) and the total energy content of electricity retail sales (see Tables 7.6 and A6). Most of these losses occur at steam- electric power plants (conventional and nuclear) in the conver- sion of heat energy into mechanical energy to turn electric generators. The loss is a thermodynamically

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 3.3c Petroleum Trade: Imports From OPEC Countries (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria a Angola b Ecuador c Iraq Kuwait d Libya e Nigeria f Saudi Arabia d Vene- zuela Other g Total OPEC 1960 Average ...................... a ( ) b ( ) c ( ) 22 182 e ( ) f ( ) 84 911 34 1,233 1965 Average ...................... a ( ) b ( ) c ( ) 16 74 42 f ( ) 158 994 155 1,439 1970 Average ...................... 8 b ( ) c ( ) - 48

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 3.3d Petroleum Trade: Imports From Non-OPEC Countries (Thousand Barrels per Day) Brazil Canada Colombia Mexico Nether- lands Norway Russia a United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands Other Total Non-OPEC 1960 Average ...................... 1 120 42 16 NA NA - (s) NA NA 581 1965 Average ...................... - 323 51 48 1 - - (s) - 606 1,029 1970 Average ...................... 2 766 46 42 39 - 3 11 189 1,027 2,126 1975 Average ...................... 5 846 9 71 19 17 14 14 406 1,052 2,454 1980

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 3.6 Heat Content of Petroleum Products Supplied by Type (Trillion Btu) Asphalt and Road Oil Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil b Jet Fuel c Kero- sene LPG a Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline e Petro- leum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other f Total Propane d Total 1950 Total ...................... 435 199 2,300 c ( ) 668 NA 343 236 5,015 90 3,482 546 13,315 1955 Total ...................... 615 354 3,385 301 662 NA 592 258 6,640 147 3,502 798 17,255 1960 Total ...................... 734 298 3,992

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 3.7a Petroleum Consumption: Residential and Commercial Sectors (Thousand Barrels per Day) Residential Sector Commercial Sector a Distillate Fuel Oil Kero- sene Liquefied Petroleum Gases Total Distillate Fuel Oil Kero- sene Liquefied Petroleum Gases Motor Gasoline b Petro- leum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Total 1950 Average .................... 390 168 104 662 123 23 28 52 NA 185 411 1955 Average .................... 562 179 144 885 177 24 38 69 NA 209 519 1960 Average .................... 736

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 3.7b Petroleum Consumption: Industrial Sector (Thousand Barrels per Day) Industrial Sector a Asphalt and Road Oil Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene Liquefied Petroleum Gases Lubricants Motor Gasoline b Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other c Total 1950 Average .................... 180 328 132 100 43 131 41 617 250 1,822 1955 Average .................... 254 466 116 212 47 173 67 686 366 2,387 1960 Average

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 3.8a Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption: Residential and Commercial Sectors (Trillion Btu) Residential Sector Commercial Sector a Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene Liquefied Petroleum Gases Total Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene Liquefied Petroleum Gases Motor Gasoline b Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Total 1950 Total ........................ 829 347 146 1,322 262 47 39 100 NA 424 872 1955 Total

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 3.8b Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption: Industrial Sector (Trillion Btu) Industrial Sector a Asphalt and Road Oil Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene Liquefied Petroleum Gases Lubricants Motor Gasoline b Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other c Total 1950 Total ........................ 435 698 274 156 94 251 90 1,416 546 3,960 1955 Total ........................ 615 991 241 323 103 332 147 1,573 798 5,123 1960 Total ........................ 734 1,016 161 507 107 381 328 1,584 947 5,766 1965

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 53 Table 3.3a Petroleum Trade: Overview Imports From Persian Gulf a Imports From OPEC b Imports Exports Net Imports Products Supplied As Share of Products Supplied As Share of Total Imports Imports From Persian Gulf a Imports From OPEC b Imports Net Imports Imports From Persian Gulf a Imports From OPEC b Thousand Barrels per Day Percent 1950 Average .................... NA NA 850 305 545 6,458 NA NA 13.2 8.4 NA NA 1955

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 55 Table 3.3b Petroleum Trade: Imports and Exports by Type (Thousand Barrels per Day) Imports Exports Crude Oil a Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel d LPG b Motor Gasoline f Residual Fuel Oil Other g Total Crude Oil a Petroleum Products Total SPR c Total Propane e Total 1950 Average ................ - - 487 7 d ( ) - - (s) 329 27 850 95 210 305 1955 Average ................ - - 782 12 d ( ) - - 13 417 24 1,248 32 336 368 1960

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas Resource Development . 4. Natural Gas Figure 4.1 Natural Gas (Trillion Cubic Feet) Overview, 1949-2015 Consumption by Sector, 1949-2015 Overview, Monthly Consumption by Sector, Monthly Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#naturalgas. Sources: Tables 4.1 and 4.3. 82 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Commercial Electric Power Industrial Industrial Trans- portation Transportation 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 4.1 Natural Gas Overview (Billion Cubic Feet) Gross With- drawals a Marketed Production (Wet) b NGPL Production c Dry Gas Production d Supple- mental Gaseous Fuels e Trade Net Storage With- drawals f Balancing Item g Consump- tion h Imports Exports Net Imports 1950 Total .................... 8,480 i 6,282 260 i 6,022 NA 0 26 -26 -54 -175 5,767 1955 Total .................... 11,720 i 9,405 377 i 9,029 NA 11 31 -20 -68 -247 8,694 1960 Total .................... 15,088 i 12,771 543 i

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 4.2 Natural Gas Trade by Country (Billion Cubic Feet) Imports Exports a Algeria b Canada c Egypt b Mexico c Nigeria b Qatar b Trinidad and Tobago b Other b,d Total Canada c Japan b Mexico c Other b,e Total 1950 Total .................... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 23 0 26 1955 Total .................... 0 11 0 (s) 0 0 0 0 11 11 0 20 0 31 1960 Total .................... 0 109 0 47 0 0 0 0 156 6 0 6 0 11 1965 Total

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 4.4 Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Volumes in Billion Cubic Feet) Natural Gas in Underground Storage, End of Period Change in Working Gas From Same Period Previous Year Storage Activity Base Gas Working Gas Total a Volume Percent Withdrawals Injections Net b,c 1950 Total .................... NA NA NA NA NA 175 230 -54 1955 Total .................... 863 505 1,368 40 8.7 437 505 -68 1960 Total

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    . Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Development Figure 5.1 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Development Indicators Rotary Rigs in Operation by Type, 1949-2015 Rotary Rigs in Operation by Type, Monthly Active Well Service Rig Count, Monthly Total Wells Drilled by Type, 1949-2010 . 90 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Total 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 1 2 3 4 Thousand Rigs 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Development Indicators Rotary Rigs in Operation by Type, 1949-2015 Rotary Rigs in Operation by Type, Monthly Active Well Service Rig Count, Monthly Total Wells Drilled by Type, 1949-2010 . 90 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Total 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 1 2 3 4 Thousand Rigs 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 10 20 30 40 50 Thousand

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    91 Table 5.1 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Drilling Activity Measurements (Number of Rigs) Rotary Rigs in Operation a Active Well Service Rig Count c By Site By Type Total b Onshore Offshore Crude Oil Natural Gas 1950 Average ........................ NA NA NA NA 2,154 NA 1955 Average ........................ NA NA NA NA 2,686 NA 1960 Average ........................ NA NA NA NA 1,748 NA 1965 Average ........................ NA NA NA NA 1,388 NA 1970 Average ........................ NA NA NA NA 1,028

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    . Coal Figure 6.1 Coal (Million Short Tons) Overview, 1949-2015 Consumption by Sector, 1949-2015 Overview, Monthly Electric Power Sector Consumption, Monthly 96 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 2014 20 15 2016 Electric Power Consumption J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 Net Exports 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 a Includes

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    1 Coal (Million Short Tons) Overview, 1949-2015 Consumption by Sector, 1949-2015 Overview, Monthly Electric Power Sector Consumption, Monthly 96 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 2014 20 15 2016 Electric Power Consumption J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 Net Exports 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 a Includes combined-heat-and-power

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 6.1 Coal Overview (Thousand Short Tons) Production a Waste Coal Supplied b Trade Stock Change d,e Losses and Unaccounted for e,f Consumption Imports Exports Net Imports c 1950 Total .................... 560,388 NA 365 29,360 -28,995 27,829 9,462 494,102 1955 Total .................... 490,838 NA 337 54,429 -54,092 -3,974 -6,292 447,012 1960 Total .................... 434,329 NA 262 37,981 -37,719 -3,194 1,722 398,081 1965 Total .................... 526,954 NA 184 51,032 -50,848 1,897

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 6.2 Coal Consumption by Sector (Thousand Short Tons) End-Use Sectors Electric Power Sector e,f Total Resi- dential Commercial Industrial Trans- portation CHP a Other b Total Coke Plants Other Industrial Total CHP c Non-CHP d Total 1950 Total .................... 51,562 g ( ) 63,021 63,021 104,014 h ( ) 120,623 120,623 224,637 63,011 91,871 494,102 1955 Total .................... 35,590 g ( ) 32,852 32,852 107,743

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 6.3 Coal Stocks by Sector (Thousand Short Tons) Producers and Distributors End-Use Sectors Electric Power Sector c,d Total Residential a and Commercial Industrial Total Coke Plants Other b Total 1950 Year ..................... NA 2,462 16,809 26,182 42,991 45,453 31,842 77,295 1955 Year ..................... NA 998 13,422 15,880 29,302 30,300 41,391 71,691 1960 Year ..................... NA 666 11,122 11,637 22,759 23,425 51,735 75,160 1965 Year ..................... NA 353 10,640 13,122

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 7.3b Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Electric Power Sector (Subset of Table 7.3a) Coal a Petroleum Natural Gas f Other Gases g Biomass Other j Distillate Fuel Oil b Residual Fuel Oil c Other Liquids d Petroleum Coke e Total e Wood h Waste i Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu 1950 Total .................... 91,871

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 7.3c Consumption of Selected Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Commercial and Industrial Sectors (Subset of Table 7.3a) Commercial Sector a Industrial Sector b Coal c Petroleum d Natural Gas e Biomass Coal c Petroleum d Natural Gas e Other Gases g Biomass Other i Waste f Wood h Waste f Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu 1990 Total .................... 417 953 28 15 10,740

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 7.4a Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Total (All Sectors) (Sum of Tables 7.4b and 7.4c) Coal a Petroleum Natural Gas f Other Gases g Biomass Other j Distillate Fuel Oil b Residual Fuel Oil c Other Liquids d Petroleum Coke e Total e Wood h Waste i Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu 1950 Total .................... 91,871 5,423 69,998 NA NA 75,421 629 NA 5 NA NA 1955

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 7.4b Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Electric Power Sector (Subset of Table 7.4a) Coal a Petroleum Natural Gas f Other Gases g Biomass Other j Distillate Fuel Oil b Residual Fuel Oil c Other Liquids d Petroleum Coke e Total e Wood h Waste i Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu 1950 Total

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    19 Table 7.4c Consumption of Selected Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Commercial and Industrial Sectors (Subset of Table 7.4a) Commercial Sector a Industrial Sector b Coal c Petroleum d Natural Gas e Biomass Coal c Petroleum d Natural Gas e Other Gases g Biomass Other i Waste f Wood h Waste f Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu 1990 Total

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    21 Table 7.5 Stocks of Coal and Petroleum: Electric Power Sector Coal a Petroleum Distillate Fuel Oil b Residual Fuel Oil c Other Liquids d Petroleum Coke e Total e,f Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels 1950 Year ............................. 31,842 NA NA NA NA 10,201 1955 Year ............................. 41,391 NA NA NA NA 13,671 1960 Year ............................. 51,735 NA NA NA NA 19,572 1965 Year ............................. 54,525 NA NA NA NA

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    23 Table 7.6 Electricity End Use (Million Kilowatthours) Retail Sales a Direct Use f Total End Use g Residential Commercial b Industrial c Transpor- tation d Total Retail Sales e 1950 Total .................... 72,200 E 65,971 146,479 E 6,793 291,443 NA 291,443 1955 Total .................... 128,401 E 102,547 259,974 E 5,826 496,748 NA 496,748 1960 Total .................... 201,463 E 159,144 324,402 E 3,066 688,075 NA 688,075 1965 Total .................... 291,013 E 231,126 428,727 E 2,923

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 7.1 Electricity Overview (Billion Kilowatthours) Net Generation a Trade T&D Losses f and Unaccounted for g End Use Electric Power Sector b Com- mercial Sector c Indus- trial Sector d Total Imports e Exports e Net Imports e Retail Sales h Direct Use i Total 1950 Total .................... 329 NA 5 334 2 (s) 2 44 291 NA 291 1955 Total .................... 547 NA 3 550 5 (s) 4 58 497 NA 497 1960 Total .................... 756 NA 4 759 5 1 5 76 688 NA 688 1965 Total ....................

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 7.2a Electricity Net Generation: Total (All Sectors) (Sum of Tables 7.2b and 7.2c; Million Kilowatthours) Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Hydro- electric Pumped Storage e Renewable Energy Total j Coal a Petro- leum b Natural Gas c Other Gases d Conven- tional Hydro- electric Power f Biomass Geo- thermal Solar i Wind Wood g Waste h 1950 Total .............. 154,520 33,734 44,559 NA 0 f ( ) 100,885 390 NA NA NA NA 334,088 1955 Total .............. 301,363 37,138 95,285 NA 0 f ( )

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Consumption of Selected Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation Coal by Sector, 1989-2015 Petroleum by Sector, 1989-2015 Natural Gas by Sector, 1989-2015 Other Gases b by Sector, 1989-2015 Wood by Sector, 1989-2015 Waste by Sector, 1989-2015 112 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Commercial Industrial Electric Power Electric Power Industrial Industrial Total a Total a 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 Billion Short Tons Total a

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 7.3a Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Total (All Sectors) (Sum of Tables 7.3b and 7.3c) Coal a Petroleum Natural Gas f Other Gases g Biomass Other j Distillate Fuel Oil b Residual Fuel Oil c Other Liquids d Petroleum Coke e Total e Wood h Waste i Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Thousand Short Tons Thousand Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu 1950 Total .................... 91,871 5,423 69,998 NA NA 75,421 629 NA 5 NA NA 1955 Total ....................

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8. Nuclear Energy Figure 8.1 Nuclear Energy Overview Electricity Net Generation, 1957-2015 Nuclear Share of Electricity Net Generation, 1957-2015 Nuclear Electricity Net Generation Capacity Factor, Monthly 128 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#nuclear. Sources: Tables 7.2a and 8.1. 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 1 2 3 4 5 Trillion Kilowatthours Nuclear Electric Power

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Nuclear Energy Overview Electricity Net Generation, 1957-2015 Nuclear Share of Electricity Net Generation, 1957-2015 Nuclear Electricity Net Generation Capacity Factor, Monthly 128 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#nuclear. Sources: Tables 7.2a and 8.1. 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 1 2 3 4 5 Trillion Kilowatthours Nuclear Electric Power Total 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    U .S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 129 Table 8.1 Nuclear Energy Overview Total Operable Units a,b Net Summer Capacity of Operable Units b,c Nuclear Electricity Net Generation Nuclear Share of Electricity Net Generation Capacity Factor d Number Million Kilowatts Million Kilowatthours Percent 1957 Total .......................... 1 0.055 10 (s) NA 1960 Total .......................... 3 .411 518 .1 NA 1965 Total .......................... 13 .793 3,657 .3

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Nuclear Energy Note 1. Operable Nuclear Reactors. A reactor is generally defined as operable while it possessed a full-power license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission or its predecessor the Atomic Energy Commission, or equivalent permission to operate, at the end of the year or month shown. The definition is liberal in that it does not exclude units retaining full-power licenses during long, non-routine shutdowns that for a time rendered them unable to generate electricity. Examples are:

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9. Energy Prices Figure 9.1 Petroleum Prices Crude Oil Prices, 1949-2015 Composite Refiner Acquisition Cost, Monthly Refiner Prices to End Users: Selected Products, July 2016 132 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 a Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices. Sources: Tables 9.1, 9.5, and 9.7. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 9.9 Cost of Fossil-Fuel Receipts at Electric Generating Plants (Dollars a per Million Btu, Including Taxes) Coal Petroleum Natural Gas e All Fossil Fuels f Residual Fuel Oil b Distillate Fuel Oil c Petroleum Coke Total d 1973 Average .................... 0.41 0.79 NA NA 0.80 0.34 0.48 1975 Average .................... .81 2.01 NA NA 2.02 .75 1.04 1980 Average .................... 1.35 4.27 NA NA 4.35 2.20 1.93 1985 Average .................... 1.65 4.24 NA NA 4.32 3.44 2.09 1990 Average

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Petroleum Prices Crude Oil Prices, 1949-2015 Composite Refiner Acquisition Cost, Monthly Refiner Prices to End Users: Selected Products, July 2016 132 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 a Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices. Sources: Tables 9.1, 9.5, and 9.7. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 20 40 60 80 100

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 9.1 Crude Oil Price Summary (Dollars a per Barrel) Domestic First Purchase Price c F.O.B. Cost of Imports d Landed Cost of Imports e Refiner Acquisition Cost b Domestic Imported Composite 1950 Average .................. 2.51 NA NA NA NA NA 1955 Average .................. 2.77 NA NA NA NA NA 1960 Average .................. 2.88 NA NA NA NA NA 1965 Average .................. 2.86 NA NA NA NA NA 1970 Average .................. 3.18 NA NA E 3.46 E 2.96 E 3.40 1975 Average ..................

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    34 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 9.2 F.O.B. Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ................. W W - 7.81 3.25 - 5.39 3.68 5.43 4.80 1975 Average .................. 10.97 - 11.44 11.82 10.87 - 11.04 10.88 11.34 10.62 1980 Average ..................

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 9.3 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ............... W 5.33 W - 9.08 5.37 - 5.99 5.91 6.85 5.64 1975 Average ................ 11.81 12.84 - 12.61 12.70 12.50 - 12.36 12.64 12.70 12.70 1980 Average ................ 34.76 30.11 W 31.77 37.15 29.80 35.68 25.92 30.59 33.56 33.99 1985

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 9.4 Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices (Dollars a per Gallon, Including Taxes) Platt's / Bureau of Labor Statistics Data U.S. Energy Information Administration Data Motor Gasoline by Grade Regular Motor Gasoline by Area Type On-Highway Diesel Fuel Leaded Regular Unleaded Regular Unleaded Premium b All Grades c Conventional Gasoline Areas d Reformulated Gasoline Areas e All Areas 1950 Average

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 9.5 Refiner Prices of Residual Fuel Oil (Dollars a per Gallon, Excluding Taxes) Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Content Less Than or Equal to 1% Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Content Greater Than 1% Average Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users 1978 Average ...................... 0.293 0.314 0.245 0.275 0.263 0.298 1980 Average ...................... .608 .675 .479 .523 .528 .607 1985 Average ...................... .610 .644 .560

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table A3. Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption and Fuel Ethanol (Million Btu ... renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. d ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. d Liquefied petroleum gases. e Finished motor gasoline, excluding fuel ethanol. f Emissions from energy consumption (for electricity and a ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... fuels. d Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. e Liquefied petroleum gases. f Finished ... See Table 12.6. i Excludes emissions from biomass energy consumption. See Table 12.7. ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. c ... Notes: * Petroleum products supplied is an approximation of petroleum consumption and is ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... fuels. c Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. d Liquefied petroleum gases. e Finished ... products. g Emissions from energy consumption (for electricity and a small amount of ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. c ... * For total heat content of petroleum consumption by all sectors, see data for heat ...

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    ... renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. c ... Notes: * Transportation sector data are estimates. * For total petroleum consumption by ...

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    Consumer Price Index, All Urban Consumers a Motor Gasoline b Residential Heating Oil c Residential Natural Gas b Residential Electricity b Index 1982-1984100 Dollars per Gallon ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 Average Retail Prices of Electricity (Cents a per Kilowatthour) By Sector, 1960-2015 By ... See "Nominal Price" in Glossary. b Public street and highway lighting, interdepartmental ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Crude Oil d NGPL e Other Liquids f Total Distillate Fuel Oil g Jet Fuel h LPG c Motor ... Beginning in 1981, also includes aviation and motor gasoline blending components (net). ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Finished Motor Gasoline b Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene No. ... See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. b See Note 5, "Motor Gasoline Prices," at end of ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    a per Gallon, Excluding Taxes) Finished Motor Gasoline b Finished Aviation Gasoline ... See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. b See Note 5, "Motor Gasoline Prices," at end of ...

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    Crude Oil a Distillate Fuel Oil f Jet Fuel g LPG b Motor Gasoline i Residual Fuel Oil ... finished motor gasoline and motor gasoline blending components; excludes oxygenates. ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase a Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase b Heavy-Duty Trucks c All Motor ...

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    ... Revenue may not correspond to sales for a particular month because of energy service provider billing and accounting procedures. That lack of correspondence could result in ...

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    the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors and "Primary Energy Total Consumption" are due, in whole or in part, to the incorporation of new distributed solar energy data. ...

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    used to convert nominal dollars to chained (2005) dollars. RRevised. NANot available. Web Pages: * See http:www.eia.govtotalenergydataannualappendices for all data...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Beginning in 2009, also includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel). g Beginning in 2009, includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Natural gas, excluding supplemental gaseous fuels. c Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. d Liquefied petroleum gases. e Emissions from energy consumption (for electricity ...

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    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Table 10.4 Biodiesel and Other Renewable Fuels Overview Biodiesel Other Renew- able Fuels f Feed- stock a Losses and Co- prod- ucts b Production Trade Stocks d Stock Change e ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. c Wood and wood-derived fuels, biomass waste, and total biomass inputs to the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. d Hydroelectric power, ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... fuels. d Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. e Liquefied petroleum gases. f Finished ... fuels. c Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. d Liquefied petroleum gases. e ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. d ... renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. g ...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Does not include natural gas, electricity, and other non-biomass energy used in the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel-these are included in ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Jet Fuel c Residual Fuel Oil a Beginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. b Beginning in 2009, includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Index 1949100 0.186 0.073 0.043 0.008 Wood Fuel Ethanol Waste Biodiesel 0.00 0.05 0.10 ... fuels. 5 Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. 6 Liquefied petroleum gases. 7 Finished ...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    Includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. d Includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. e Includes kerosene-type jet fuel only. ...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... converted to Btu by multiplying by the biodiesel heat content factor in Table A1; for ... converted to Btu by multiplying by the biodiesel heat content factor in Table A1; for ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... be 5.359 million Btu per barrel or equal to the thermal conversion factor for Biodiesel. ... Approximate Heat Content of Biofuels Biodiesel. EIA estimated the thermal conversion ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Asphalt Aviation Distillate Jet Kerosene Liquefied Lubricants Motor Petroleum Residual Other 0.0 0.6 1.2 1.8 Quadrillion Btu a Includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... 1244. b Natural gas, excluding supplemental gaseous fuels. c Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. d Municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels. ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... converted to Btu by multiplying by the biodiesel 22 U.S. Energy Information ... converted to Btu by multiplying by the biodiesel heat content factor in Table A1; for ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Does not include biofuels. d Through 2010, data are for biodiesel only. Beginning in 2011, data are for fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel. RRevised. NANot available. ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    5 Table 10.3 Fuel Ethanol Overview Feed- stock a Losses and Co- products b Dena- turant c ... used for fuel ethanol. b Losses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol. ...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    7 Table 10.3 Fuel Ethanol Overview, 1981-2011 Year Feed- stock 1 Losses and Co- products 2 ... used for fuel ethanol. 2 Losses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol. ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gas Note 1. Natural Gas Production. Final annual data are from the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Natural Gas Annual (NGA). Data for the two most recent months ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Hydro- electric Pumped Storage e Renewable Energy ... generation from solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy at utility-scale facilities. ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Coal 1,344 1,241 797 516 27 Coal Natural Nuclear Renewable Petro- 0 500 1,000 1,500 J F MA ... Note: Data are for utility-scale facilities. Web Page: http:www.eia.govtotalenergy...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Coal 1,344 1,241 797 516 27 Coal Natural Nuclear Renewable Petro- 0 500 1,000 1,500 J F MA ... Note: Data are for utility-scale facilities. Web Page: http:www.eia.govtotalenergy...

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    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 10.4 Biodiesel Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

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    Primary Consumption a Electricity Retail Sales e Electrical System Energy Losses f Total ... See Note 1, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end of section. g Beginning in 1978, the ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Publications 330, 811, and 814. * American National Standards InstituteInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, ANSIIEEE Std 268-1992, pp. 28 and 29. degrees Celsius ...

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    ... "Annual Report of International Electrical ExportImport Data." 1989: DOE, Fossil Energy, Form FE-781R, "Annual Report of International Electrical ExportImport Data." 1990-2000: ...

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    0 U.S. Energy Information Administration Monthly Energy Review June 2016 Table A4. Approximate Heat Content of Natural Gas (Btu per Cubic Foot) Production Consumption a Imports ...

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    EIA, International Energy Statistics Database, June 2016. All Other Countries and ... EIA, International Energy Statistics Database, June 2016. 172 U.S. Energy Information ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Power Sector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 12.7 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166...

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    in the United States, Selected Years, 1635-1945 (Quadrillion Btu) Year Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy Electricity Net Imports Total Coal Natural Gas Petroleum Total...

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    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 9.10 Cost of Fossil-Fuel Receipts at Electric Generating Plants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

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    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 9.9 Cost of Fossil-Fuel Receipts at Electric Generating Plants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

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    Btu of coal coke net imports. 4 Conventional hydroelectric power, geothermal, solarphotovoltaic, wind, and biomass. 5 Includes industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP)...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Conventional Hydroelectric Power 6 Biomass Geo- thermal SolarPV 9 Wind Total Wood 7 Waste 8 1949 135.5 28.5 37.0 NA 201.0 0.0 6 ( ) 89.7 0.4 NA NA...

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    2 Natural gas plant liquids. 3 Conventional hydroelectric power, biomass, geothermal, solarphotovoltaic, and wind. 4 Crude oil and petroleum products. Includes imports into the...

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    1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 Degree-Days 30-Year Normal 1 Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. 2 Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Note: See Appendix C for map...

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    2005 2010 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 Degree-Days 30-Year Normal 1 Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. 2 Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Note: See Appendix C for map...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 By Energy Source By North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code 6 46 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Liquefied petroleum gases. 2 Natural gas liquids. 3 See "Breeze" in Glossary. 4 Includes all other types of energy that respondents indicated were consumed or allocated. 5 Energy sources produced onsite from the use of other energy sources but sold or trans- ferred to another

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    2 Natural Gas Production Gross Withdrawals and Dry Gas Production, 1949-2011 Production Flow, 2011 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Gross Withdrawals by Well Type, 2011 180 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Dry Gas Production 1 Volume reduction resulting from the removal of natural gas plant liquids, which are trans- ferred to petroleum supply. 2 Includes natural gas gross withdrawals from coalbed wells and shale gas wells. Source: Table 6.2. Gross Withdrawals 1950 1960

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    7 Coal Mining Productivity Total, 1949-2011 By Mining Method, 2011 By Location, 2011 By Mining Method, 1 1949-2011 By Region and Mining Method, 2011 210 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Mississippi 1 For 1979 forward, includes all coal; prior to 1979, excludes anthracite. Note: Beginning in 2001, surface mining includes a small amount of refuse recovery. Source: Table 7.7. 2.68 15.98 East of the West of the 0 5 10 15 20 Short Tons per Employee Hour 1950 1960

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    Energy GSA 1 HHS 2 Interior Justice NASA 3 Postal Service Trans- portation Veterans Affairs Other 4 Total 1975 9.5 1,360.2 50.4 22.3 6.5 9.4 5.9 13.4 30.5 19.3 27.1 10.5...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2011 Table A2. Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Production, Imports, and Exports, Selected Years, 1949-2011...

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    Energy Review 2011 Jet Fuel 1 Distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil. 2 Includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Note: U.S. Government's fiscal year was October 1...

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    Transportation Sector Electric Power Sector 2 Total CHP 3 Other 4 Total Coke Plants Other Industrial Total Electricity Only CHP Total CHP 5 Non-CHP 6 Total 1949 52.4 7 ( ) 64.1 ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    historical energy statistics. Included are statistics on total energy production, consumption, trade, and energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity,...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    retail sales to ultimate customers by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, other energy service providers. 8 Use of electricity that is 1) self-generated, 2)...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    Year Residential Sector Commercial Sector 1 Geo- thermal 2 SolarPV 3 Biomass Total Hydro- electric Power 5 Geo- thermal 2 SolarPV 6 Wind 7 Biomass Total Wood 4 Wood 4 Waste 8 ...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    Year Hydroelectric Power 1 Geothermal 2 SolarPV 3 Wind 4 Biomass Total Wood 5 Waste 6 ... fossil-fuels heat rate-see Table A6). 3 Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) electricity ...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    Biomass Total Renewable Energy 4 Hydro- electric Power 5 Geo- thermal 6 SolarPV 7 Wind 8 ... 4 Hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar thermalphotovoltaic, wind, and biomass. 5 ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 1.10 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year New England Middle Atlantic East North Central West North Central South Atlantic East South...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    Administration Annual Energy Review 2011 1 General Services Administration. 2 Health and Human Services. 3 National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 4 See Table 1.11...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride-that are transparent to solar (short- wave) radiation but opaque to long-wave (infrared) radiation, thus...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Census divisions and the national average. * See Appendix C for map of Census divisions. Web Pages: * See http:www.eia.govtotalenergydataannualsummary for all data...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    State figures are aggregated into Census divisions and the national average. Web Pages: * See http:www.eia.govtotalenergydataannualsummary for all data...

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    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Table 9.2 Nuclear Power Plant Operations, 1957-2011 Year Nuclear Electricity Net Generation Nuclear Share of Total Electricity Net Generation Net Summer Capacity of Operable ...

  6. Word Pro - S4

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Electric Power Sector f,g Total Resi- dential Com- mercial a Industrial Transportation Lease and Plant Fuel Other Industrial Total Pipelines d and Dis- tribution e Vehicle Fuel ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Residential Commercial c Industrial d Transportation Electric Power e Price h Percentage of Sector i Price h Percentage of Sector i Price h Percentage of Sector i Vehicle Fuel j ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Delivered- to-consumers prices for 1987 forward represent natural gas delivered and sold to residential, commercial, indus- trial, vehicle fuel, and electric power consumers. They ...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... monthly and annual data. * See http:www.eia.govpetroleum for related information. ... 1976-Federal Energy Administration (FEA), Form FEA-96, "Monthly Cost Allocation ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 a Exact conversion. b Calculated by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Web Page: For related information, see http:www.eia.govtotalenergydataannualappendices....

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Sources: * 1949-1975-Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Coke and Coal Chemicals" chapter. * 1976-1980-U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report, Coke and ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Total g Coal c Petro- leum d Natural Gas e Other Gases h Hydro- electric Power i Biomass ... and 5,024 million kilowatthours in 2015. h Blast furnace gas, and other manufactured ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Average Productivity 122 U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2011 1 United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. Note: Crude oil includes lease condensate. ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Stock Change j Adjust- ments c,k Petroleum Products Supplied Crude Oil b,c NGPL e Total c Im- ports h Ex- ports Net Imports i 48 States d Alaska Total 1950 Average ...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    Pentanes Plus 4 Total Ethane 2 Isobutane Normal Butane 3 Propane 2,3 Total 1949 53 8 11 61 ... 2 Reported production of ethane-propane mixtures has been allocated 70 percent ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption by Sector, 1949-2011 Residential and Commercial, by Major Source Industrial, by Major Source Transportation, by Major Source ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    based on 2013 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (ranking based on 2013 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Country 10/07/16 10/14/16 10/21/16 10/28/16 11/04/16 11/11/16 View History 1- Canada 3,203 2,945 2,885 3,282 3,206 3,243 2010-2016 2- Saudi Arabia 951 703 983 1,170 1,295

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    3 (Million Barrels per Day) 1 Unfinished oils, hydrogenoxygenatesrenewablesother hydrocarbons, and motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components. 2 Renewable fuels...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 2 Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and non-renewable waste...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Flow, 2014 (Trillion Cubic Feet) 1 Natural gas plant liquids production (NGPL), gaseous equivalent. 2 Quantities lost and imbalances in data due to differences among data sources. ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3 (Trillion Cubic Feet) 1 Natural gas plant liquids production (NGPL), gaseous equivalent. 2 Quantities lost and imbalances in data due to differences among data sources. Excludes...

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    3 (Million Short Tons) Notes: * Production categories are estimated; all data are preliminary. * Values are derived from source data prior to rounding for publication. * Totals may...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    6,487 33,575 26,955 42,270 64,056 51,127 1980-2015 Alabama 968 829 583 759 1,869 1,130 1980-2015 Alaska 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999-2015 Arkansas 40 53 48 40 42 55 1980-2015 California 54 66 36 92 82 51 1980-2015 Colorado 0 0 0 0 0 0 1980-2015 Connecticut 473 526 484 626 1,359 1,810 1980-2015 Delaware 76 96 66 131 128 131 1980-2015 Georgia 2,314 764 719 180 4,046 3,339 1980-2015 Idaho 72 166 73 271 740 117 1981-2015 Illinois 325 530 331 362 503 230 1980-2015 Indiana 1,148 989 977 1,005 1,422 830 1980-2015

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3 Table 10.2b Renewable Energy Consumption: Industrial and Transportation Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year Industrial Sector 1 Transportation Sector Hydro- electric Power 2 Geo- thermal 3 Solar/PV 4 Wind 5 Biomass Total Biomass Wood 6 Waste 7 Fuel Ethanol 8 Losses and Co-products 9 Total Fuel Ethanol 10 Biodiesel Total 1949 76 NA NA NA 468 NA NA NA 468 544 NA NA NA 1950 69 NA NA NA 532 NA NA NA 532 602 NA NA NA 1955 38 NA NA NA 631 NA NA NA 631 669 NA NA NA 1960 39 NA NA NA

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table A6. Approximate Heat Rates for Electricity, and Heat Content of Electricity, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Btu per Kilowatthour) Year Approximate Heat Rates 1 for Electricity Net Generation Heat Content 10 of Electricity 11 Fossil Fuels 2 Nuclear 8 Noncombustible Renewable Energy 7,9 Coal 3 Petroleum 4 Natural Gas 5 Total Fossil Fuels 6,7 1949 NA NA NA 15,033 - - 15,033 3,412 1950 NA NA NA 14,030 - - 14,030 3,412 1955 NA NA

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Table 1.5 Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Emissions Indicators Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year Energy Consumption Energy Consumption per Capita Energy Expenditures 1 Energy Expenditures 1 per Capita Gross Output 3 Energy Expenditures 1 as Share of Gross Output 3 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Energy Expenditures 1 as Share of GDP Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Energy Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP Carbon Dioxide Emissions 2 per Real Dollar of GDP Quadrillion Btu Million Btu

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    9 Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Year Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase 1 Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase 2 Heavy-Duty Trucks 3 All Motor Vehicles 4 Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon Miles per vehicle

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3 Table 2.1d Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Trillion Btu) Year Primary Consumption 1 Electricity Retail Sales 11 Electrical System Energy Losses 12 Total Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy 2 Total Primary Coal Coal Coke Net Imports Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4,5 Total Hydroelectric Power 6 Geothermal 7 Solar/PV 8 Wind 9 Biomass 10 Total 1949 5,433 -7 3,188 3,475 12,090 76 NA NA NA 468 544 12,633 418 1,672 14,724 1950 5,781 1 3,546 3,960 13,288 69 NA NA NA 532

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    1 Table 5.1b Petroleum Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Field Production 1 Renewable Fuels and Oxygenates 5 Processing Gain 6 Trade Stock Change 8,10 Adjust- ments 11 Petroleum Products Supplied 8 Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas Plant Liquids 4 Total Imports 7,8 Exports Net Imports 8,9 48 States 3 Alaska Total 1949 5,046 0 5,046 430 5,477 NA -2 645 327 318 -8 -38 5,763 1950 5,407 0 5,407 499 5,906 NA 2 850 305 545 -56 -51 6,458 1955 6,807 0 6,807 771 7,578 NA 34 1,248

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    27 Table 8.2d Electricity Net Generation: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 (Subset of Table 8.2a; Billion Kilowatthours) Year Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Hydro- electric Pumped Storage 5 Renewable Energy Other 9 Total Coal 1 Petroleum 2 Natural Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Conventional Hydroelectric Power Biomass Geo- themal Solar/PV 8 Wind Total Wood 6 Waste 7 Commercial Sector 10 1989 0.7 0.6 2.2 0.1 3.6 - - 0.1 0.1 0.5 - - - 0.7 - 4.3 1990 .8 .6 3.3 .1 4.8 - -

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    Annual Energy Outlook

    . Energy Consumption by Sector THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Figure 2.0 Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector, 2011 (Quadrillion Btu) U.S. Energy Information ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Note 1. Emissions of Carbon Dioxide and Other Green- house Gases. Greenhouse gases are those gases-such as water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), methane, nitrous oxide, ...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with ... the temperature of 1 pound of liquid water by 1 degree Fahrenheit at the temperature ...

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    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Basic Protective Force Training Program DOE/IG-0641 March 2004 * None of the 10 sites included instruction in rappelling even though it was part of the special response team core curriculum and continued to be offered by the Nonprolif- eration and National Security Institute; * Only one site conducted basic training on use of a shotgun, despite the fact that a num- ber of sites used the weapon for breaching exercises and other purposes; and, * Seven of the sites modified prescribed training

  15. Word Pro - S6

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Census Bureau Annual Survey of Manufactures or Census of Manufactures. For 1978 and 1979, monthly estimates were derived from data reported on Forms EIA-3 and 100 U.S. Energy ...

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data presented in the Monthly Energy Review and in other U.S. Energy Information Administration publications are expressed predominately in units that historically have been used in the United States, such as British thermal units, barrels, cubic feet, and short tons. The metric conversion factors presented in Table B1 can be used to calculate the metric-unit equivalents of values expressed in U.S. Customary units. For example, 500 short tons are the equivalent of 453.6 metric tons (500 short

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Alternative Fuel Consumption Vehicles in Use, 1995-2010 Vehicles in Use by Fuel Type, 2010 Fuel Consumption, 5 1995-2010 Fuel Consumption by Type, 2010 290 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Ethanol, 85 percent (E85). Includes only those E85 vehicles believed to be used as alternative-fueled vehicles, primarily fleet-operated vehicles; excludes other vehicles with E85- fueling capability. 2 Liquefied

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 10.5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010 Year Alternative and Replacement Fuels 1 Liquefied Petroleum Gases Compressed Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Methanol, 85 Percent (M85) 3 Methanol, Neat (M100) 4 Ethanol, 85 Percent (E85) 3,5 Ethanol, 95 Percent (E95) 3 Elec- tricity 6 Hydro- gen Other Fuels 7 Subtotal Oxygenates 2 Bio- diesel 10 Total Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether 8 Ethanol in Gasohol 9 Total Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Type, Price, and Trade Total Shipments, 1974-2009 Trade, 1978-2009 Price of Total Shipments, 1986-2009 Number of U.S. Manufacturers by Type of Collector, 1974-2009 Average Annual Shipments per Manufacturer, 1974-2009 292 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 2 Collectors that generally operate in the temperature range of 140 degrees Fahrenheit

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 10.6 Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Type, Price, and Trade, 1974-2009 (Thousand Square Feet, Except as Noted) Year Low-Temperature Collectors 1 Medium-Temperature Collectors 2 High-Temperature Collectors 3 Total Shipments Trade Number of U.S. Manu- facturers Quantity Shipped Shipments per Manu- facturer Price 4 (dollars 5 per square foot) Number of U.S. Manu- facturers Quantity Shipped Shipments per Manu- facturer Price 4 (dollars 5 per square foot) Quantity Shipped Price 4

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Solar Thermal Collector Domestic Shipments by Market Sector, End-Use, and Type, 2009 End Use Market Sector Type of Collector End Use by Type of Collector 294 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Combined space and water heating. 2 Space heating, combined heating, and space cooling. 3 Collectors that generally operate at temperatures below 110 degrees Fahrenheit. 4 Collectors that generally operate in the temperature range of 140 degrees Fahrenheit to 180 degrees

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 10.7 Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Market Sector, End Use, and Type, 2001-2009 (Thousand Square Feet) Year and Type By Market Sector By End Use Total Residential Commercial 1 Industrial 2 Electric Power 3 Other 4 Pool Heating Water Heating Space Heating Space Cooling Combined Heating 5 Process Heating Electricity Generation Total Shipments 6 2001 Total .... 10,125 1,012 17 1 35 10,797 274 70 0 12 34 2 11,189 Low 7 .......... 9,885 987 12 0 34 10,782 42 61 0 0 34 0 10,919 Medium 8

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments, Trade, and Prices Number of U.S. Companies Reporting Shipments, 1982-2010 Total Shipments, 1982-2010 Trade, Modules Only, 1996-2010 Prices, 1989-2010 296 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Note: Shipments are for domestic and export shipments, and may include imports that subsequently were shipped to domestic or foreign customers. Source:

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 10.8 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Type, Trade, and Prices, 1982-2010 Year U.S. Companies Reporting Shipments Shipments Trade Prices 1 Crystalline Silicon Thin-Film Total 2 Imports Exports Cells Modules Cells and Modules Modules Only Cells and Modules Modules Only Cells and Modules Modules Only Cells and Modules Modules Only Cells and Modules Modules Only Number Peak Kilowatts 3 Dollars 4 per Peak Watt 3 1982 19 NA NA NA NA 6,897 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983 18 NA NA NA NA

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 U.S. Shipments of Photovoltaic Modules Only by Sector and End Use, 2010 By End Use By Sector 298 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 See "Electric Power Grid" in Glossary. 2 Photovoltaic modules that are connected to the electric power grid, and whose output is fed directly into the grid. 3 Photovoltaic modules that are connected to the electric power grid, and whose output is consumed mainly onsite. 4 Photovoltaic modules that are not connected to

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 10.9 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Sector and End Use, 1989-2010 (Peak Kilowatts 1 ) Year By Sector By End Use Total Residential Commercial 3 Industrial 4 Electric Power 5 Other 6 Grid-Connected 2 Off-Grid 2 Centralized 7 Distributed 8 Domestic 9 Non-Domestic 10 Total Shipments of Photovoltaic Cells and Modules 11 1989 1,439 R 6,057 3,993 785 551 12 ( ) 12 1,251 2,620 8,954 12,825 1990 1,701 R 8,062 2,817 826 432 12 ( ) 12 469 3,097 10,271 13,837 1991 3,624 R 5,715 3,947

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Methane Emissions Total, 1980-2009 By Source, 2009 Energy Sources by Type 1980-2009 Agricultural Sources by Major Type, 1980-2009 310 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Chemical production, and iron and steel production. 2 Natural gas production, processing, and distribution. 3 Petroleum production, refining, and distribution. 4 Consumption of coal, petroleum, natural gas, and wood for heat or electricity. 5 Emissions from passenger cars, trucks, buses,

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 11.3 Methane Emissions, 1980-2009 (Million Metric Tons of Methane) Year Energy Sources Waste Management Agricultural Sources Industrial Processes 9 Total 5 Coal Mining Natural Gas Systems 1 Petroleum Systems 2 Mobile Com- bustion 3 Stationary Com- bustion 4 Total 5 Landfills Waste- water Treatment 6 Total 5 Enteric Fermen- tation 7 Animal Waste 8 Rice Cultivation Crop Residue Burning Total 5 1980 3.06 4.42 NA 0.28 0.45 8.20 10.52 0.52 11.04 5.47 2.87 0.48 0.04 8.86 0.17 28.27 1981 2.81

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 Nitrous Oxide Emissions Total, 1980-2009 By Source, 2009 Energy Sources by Type, 1980-2009 Agricultural Sources by Major Type, 1980-2009 312 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Adipic acid production (primarily for the manufacture of nylon fibers and plastics) and nitric acid production (primarily for fertilizers). 2 Emissions from passenger cars and trucks; air, rail, and marine transportation; and farm and construction equipment. 3 Consumption of coal,

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 11.4 Nitrous Oxide Emissions, 1980-2009 (Thousand Metric Tons of Nitrous Oxide) Year Energy Sources Waste Management Agricultural Sources Industrial Processes 3 Total Mobile Combustion 1 Stationary Combustion 2 Total Waste Combustion Human Sewage in Wastewater Total Nitrogen Fertilization of Soils Crop Residue Burning Solid Waste of Domesticated Animals Total 1980 60 44 104 1 10 11 364 1 75 440 88 642 1981 63 44 106 1 10 11 364 2 74 440 84 641 1982 67 42 108 1 10 11 339 2 74 414 80 614

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output Emissions by Type of Generating Unit, 2010 Emissions by Sector, 1989-2010 314 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5.0 (s) 0.2 0.2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Million Metric Tons of Gas Sulfur Dioxide Ā¹ For carbon dioxide: municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources; tire-derived fuel, and geothermal. For sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides: blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 11.5a Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Total (All Sectors), 1989-2010 (Sum of Tables 11.5b and 11.5c; Thousand Metric Tons of Gas) Year Carbon Dioxide 1 Sulfur Dioxide Nitrogen Oxides Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Geo- thermal 5 Non- Biomass Waste 6 Total Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Other 7 Total Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Other 7 Total 1989 1,573,566 218,384 145,399 363 5,590 1,943,302 14,469 1 984 39 15,493 7,281 495

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 11.5b Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Electric Power Sector, 1989-2010 (Subset of Table 11.5a; Thousand Metric Tons of Gas) Year Carbon Dioxide 1 Sulfur Dioxide Nitrogen Oxides Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Geo- thermal 5 Non- Biomass Waste 6 Total Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Other 7 Total Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Other 7 Total 1989 1,520,230 169,653

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 11.5c Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, 1989-2010 (Subset of Table 11.5a; Thousand Metric Tons of Gas) Year Carbon Dioxide 1 Sulfur Dioxide Nitrogen Oxides Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Geo- thermal 5 Non- Biomass Waste 6 Total Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Other 7 Total Coal 2 Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4 Other 7 Total Commercial Sector 8 1989 2,320 1,542 637 - 804 5,303 37 (s) 5 1 43 9 3 2 3 17

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 Installed Nameplate Capacity of Fossil-Fuel Steam-Electric Generators With Environmental Equipment By Fuel and Equipment Type, 2010 Total Units by Equipment Type, 1985-2010Ā² Coal Units by Equipment Type, Petroleum and Natural Gas Units 1985-2010Ā² by Equipment Type, 1985-2010Ā² 318 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Coal Units Petroleum and Natural Gas Units Particulate Collectors Thousand Megawatts 329 165 185 26 75 1 Particulate Collectors Cooling Towers Flue

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 11.6 Installed Nameplate Capacity of Fossil-Fuel Steam-Electric Generators With Environmental Equipment, 1985-2010 (Megawatts) Year Coal Petroleum and Natural Gas Total 1 Particulate Collectors Cooling Towers Flue Gas Desulfurization (Scrubbers) Total 2 Particulate Collectors Cooling Towers Flue Gas Desulfurization (Scrubbers) Total 2 Particulate Collectors Cooling Towers Flue Gas Desulfurization (Scrubbers) Total 2 1985 302,056 120,591 56,955 304,706 36,054 28,895 65 62,371 338,110

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption TotalĀ¹ 1949-2011 Economic Growth and Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 1949-2011 By Major Source, 1949-2011 By BiomassĀ¹ Source, 2011 302 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Ā¹ Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy consumption are excluded from total emissions. See Note, "Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Combustion," at end of section. 2 Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 11.1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal 3 Natural Gas 4 Petroleum Total 2,9 Biomass 2 Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil 5 Jet Fuel Kero- sene LPG 6 Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline 7 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other 8 Total Wood 10 Waste 11 Fuel Ethanol 12 Bio- diesel Total 1949 1,118 270 12 140 NA 42 13 7 329 8 244 25 820 2,207 145 NA NA NA 145 1950 1,152 313 14 168 NA 48 16 9

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 11.2a Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Residential Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Electricity 5 Total 2 Biomass 2 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Kerosene Liquefied Petroleum Gases Total Wood 6 Total 6 1949 121 55 51 21 7 80 66 321 99 99 1950 120 66 61 25 9 95 69 350 94 94 1955 83 117 87 27 13 127 110 436 73 73 1960 56 170 115 26 19 160 156 542 59 59 1965 34 214 125 24 24 174 223 644 44 44 1970

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 11.2b Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Commercial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Electricity 7 Total 2 Biomass 2 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Kerosene LPG 5 Motor Gasoline 6 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Total Wood 8 Waste 9 Fuel Ethanol 10 Total 1949 148 19 16 3 2 7 NA 28 55 58 280 2 NA NA 2 1950 147 21 19 3 2 7 NA 33 66

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 11.2c Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Coal Coke Net Imports Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 8 Total 2 Biomass 2 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Kero- sene LPG 5 Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline 6 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other 7 Total Wood 9 Waste 10 Fuel Ethanol 11 Total 1949 500 -1 166 41 18 3 3 16 8 95 25 209 120 995 44 NA NA 44 1950 531 (s) 184 51 20 4 3 18 8 110

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 11.2d Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 7 Total 2 Biomass 2 Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Jet Fuel LPG 5 Lubricants Motor Gasoline 6 Residual Fuel Oil Total Fuel Ethanol 8 Biodiesel Total 1949 161 NA 12 30 NA (s) 4 306 91 443 6 611 NA NA NA 1950 146 7

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 11.2e Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Geo- thermal Non- Biomass Waste 5 Total 2 Biomass 2 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Total Wood 6 Waste 7 Total 1949 187 30 2 NA 30 33 NA NA 250 1 NA 1 1950 206 35 2 NA 35 37 NA NA 278 1 NA 1 1955 324 63 2 NA 35 37 NA NA 424 (s) NA (s) 1960 396 95 2 NA 42 43 NA NA 535 (s) NA (s) 1965 546

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Introduction This year, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) has examined different ways to represent energy consumption in the Annual Energy Review (AER). This examination centered on two methods for representing related aspects of energy consumption and losses. The first is an alternative method for deriving the energy content of noncombustible renewable resources, which has been implemented in AER 2010 (Table 1.3). The second is a new representation of delivered total energy and

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    F1. Conversion Efficiencies of Noncombustible Renewable Energy Sources (Percent) 1 Efficiencies may vary significantly for each technology based on site-specific technology and environmental factors. Factors shown represent engineering estimates for typical equipment under specific operational conditions. Sources: Geothermal: Estimated by EIA on the basis of an informal survey of relevant plants. Conventional Hydroelectric: Based on published estimates for the efficiency of large-scale

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    F1. Primary Energy Consumption and Delivered Total Energy, 2010 (Quadrillion Btu) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 347 Primary Energy Consumption by Source 1 Delivered Total Energy by Sector 8 1 Includes electricity net imports, not shown separately. 2 Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum-biofuels are included in "Renewable Energy." 3 Excludes supplemental gaseous fuels. 4 Includes less than 0.1 quadrillion Btu of coal coke

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Includes Adjustment for Fossil Fuel Equivalence. See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. 2 Includes electricity sales to each sector in addition to Primary Energy consumed in the sector. 3 Small amounts of coal consumed for transportation are reported as industrial sector consumption. Includes net imports of s upplemental liquids and coal coke. 4 Calculated as the primary energy consumed by the electric power sector minus the energy content of electricity retail sales. 26,784

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The series of molecules vary in chain length and are composed of a hydrocarbon plus a hydroxyl group: CH 3 -(CH 2 )n-OH (e.g., metha- nol, ethanol, and tertiary butyl alcohol). See Fuel Ethanol. Alternative Fuel: Alternative fuels, for transportation applications, include the following: methanol; denatured ethanol, and other alcohols; fuel mixtures contain- ing 85 percent or more by volume of methanol, denatured ethanol, and other

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    State-Level Energy Consumption Estimates and Estimated Consumption per Capita, 2010 Consumption Consumption per Capita 14 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 TX CA FL LA IL OH PA NY GA IN MI NC VA NJ TN WA KY AL MO MN WI SC OK CO IA MD AZ MA MS KS AR OR NE UT CT WV NM NV AK WY ID ND ME MT SD NH HI DE RI DC VT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 0 2 4 6 8 10

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.6 State-Level Energy Consumption, Expenditure, and Price Estimates, 2010 Rank Consumption Consumption per Capita Expenditures 1 Expenditures 1 per Capita Prices 1 Trillion Btu Million Btu Million Dollars 2 Dollars 2 Dollars 2 per Million Btu 1 Texas 11,769.9 Wyoming 948.1 Texas 137,532 Alaska 8,807 Hawaii 30.75 2 California 7,825.7 Alaska 898.5 California 117,003 Louisiana 8,661 District of Columbia 26.19 3 Florida 4,381.9 Louisiana 894.4 New York 61,619 Wyoming 7,904 Connecticut 25.63

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency and Source, Fiscal Years 2003, 2010, and 2011 By Agency By Source 28 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Includes small amount of renewable energy; see Table 1.13, footnote 8. 2 Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. 3 Chilled water, renewable energy, and other fuels reported as used in facilities. 4 Distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil. 5 Includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. 6

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.13 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency and Source, Fiscal Years 2003, 2010, and 2011 (Trillion Btu) Resource and Fiscal Years Agriculture Defense Energy GSA 1 HHS 2 Interior Justice NASA 3 Postal Service Trans- portation Veterans Affairs Other 4 Total Coal 2003 ..................................... (s) 15.4 2.0 0.0 (s) (s) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 17.7 2010 ..................................... (s) 15.5 4.5 .0 0.0 0.0 .0 .0 (s) .0 .1 .0 20.1 2011 P

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and American Indian Lands Total, Fiscal YearsĀ¹ 2003-2011 Federal and American Indian Lands Fossil Fuels Sales as Share of Total U.S. Fossil Fuels Production, Fiscal YearsĀ¹ 2003-2011 By Source, Fiscal YearsĀ¹ 2003-2011 Federal and American Indian Lands Fossil Fuels Sales as Share of Total U.S. Fossil Fuels Production, By Source, Fiscal YearĀ¹ 2011 30 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Ā¹ The U.S. Government's fiscal

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 1.14 Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and American Indian Lands, Fiscal Years 2003-2011 Fiscal Year 7 Crude Oil and Lease Condensate Natural Gas Plant Liquids 1 Natural Gas 2 Coal 3 Total Fossil Fuels 4 Sales 5,6 Sales as Share of Total U.S. Production Sales 5,6 Sales as Share of Total U.S. Production Sales 5,6 Sales as Share of Total U.S. Production Sales 5,6 Sales as Share of Total U.S. Production Sales 5,6 Sales as Share of Total U.S. Production Million Barrels Quadrillion

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels Total, 1980-2011 As Share of Total Energy Consumption, 1980-2011 By Fuel, 2011 By Petroleum Product, 2011 32 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Liquefied petroleum gases and pentanes plus are aggregated to avoid disclosure of proprie- tary information. 2 Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, waxes, and miscellaneous products. (s)=Less than 0.05 quadrillion Btu. Note: See Note 2, "Non-Combustion Use of Fossil

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Table 1.15 Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels, Selected Years, 1980-2011 Year Petroleum Products Natural Gas 4 Coal Total Percent of Total Energy Consumption Asphalt and Road Oil Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1 Lubricants Petro- chemical Feedstocks 2 Petroleum Coke Special Naphthas Other 3 Total Physical Units 5 1980 145 230 58 253 R 14 37 58 R 795 639 2.4 - - - - 1985 156 R 278 53 144 R 16 30 41 R 719 500 1.1 - - - - 1990 176 R 373 60 199 20 20 39 R 887 R 567 .6 - - - - 1991 162 R 426 53 203 17 17

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 By Energy Source By North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code 6 46 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Liquefied petroleum gases. 2 Natural gas liquids. 3 See "Breeze" in Glossary. 4 Includes all other types of energy that respondents indicated were consumed or allocated. 5 Energy sources produced onsite from the use of other energy sources but sold or trans- ferred to another

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    47 Table 2.2 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 (Trillion Btu ) NAICS 1 Code Manufacturing Group Coal Coal Coke and Breeze 2 Natural Gas Distillate Fuel Oil LPG 3 and NGL 4 Residual Fuel Oil Net Electricity 5 Other 6 Shipments of Energy Sources 7 Total 8 311 Food ................................................................................. 147 1 638 16 3 26 251 105 (s) 1,186 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products ..................................... 20 0 41 1 1 3 30 11 -0

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    49 Table 2.3 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by End Use, 2006 End-Use Category Net Electricity 1 Residual Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil LPG 2 and NGL 3 Natural Gas Coal 4 Total 5 Million Kilowatthours Million Barrels Billion Cubic Feet Million Short Tons Indirect End Use (Boiler Fuel) ......................................... 12,109 21 4 2 2,059 25 - - Conventional Boiler Use ............................................. 12,109 11 3 2 1,245 6 - - CHP 6

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Household Energy Consumption Household Energy Consumpton by Census Region, Selected Years, 1978-2009Ā¹ Household Energy Consumption by Source, 2009 Energy Consumption per Household, Selected Years, 1978-2009Ā¹ Energy Consumption per Household, by Census Region, 2009 50 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 For years not shown, there are no data available. 2 Liquefied petroleum gases. Notes: * Data include natural gas, electricity, distillate fuel oil, kerosene,

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 2.4 Household 1 Energy Consumption by Census Region, Selected Years, 1978-2009 (Quadrillion Btu, Except as Noted) Census Region 2 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1984 1987 1990 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 United States Total (does not include wood) ...... 10.56 9.74 9.32 9.29 8.58 9.04 9.13 9.22 10.01 10.25 9.86 10.55 10.18 Natural Gas ........................................................ 5.58 5.31 4.97 5.27 4.74 4.98 4.83 4.86 5.27 5.28 4.84 4.79 4.69 Electricity 3

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures Household Energy Consumption by End Use, Selected Years, Household Energy Expenditures, Selected Years, 1978-2005Ā¹ 1978-2005Ā¹ Household Energy Consumption for Space Heating by Fuel 2005 Appliances, Electronics, and Lighting Expenditures, Selected Years, 1978-2005Ā¹ 52 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 For years not shown, there are no data available. 2 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 2.5 Household 1 Energy Consumption and Expenditures by End Use, Selected Years, 1978-2005 Year Space Heating Air Conditioning Water Heating Appliances, 2 Electronics, and Lighting Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 Fuel Oil 4 LPG 5 Total Electricity 3 Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 Fuel Oil 4 LPG 5 Total Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 LPG 5 Total Consumption (quadrillion Btu) 1978 4.26 0.40 2.05 0.23 6.94 0.31 1.04 0.29 0.14 0.06 1.53 0.28 1.46 0.03 1.77 1980 3.41 .27 1.30 .23 5.21 .36 1.15 .30 .22

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and Electronics Share of Households With Selected Appliances, 1980 and 2009 Space Heating by Main Fuel, 2009 Share of Households With Selected Electronics, 1997 and 2009 Air-Conditioning Equipment, 1980 and 2009 54 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Natural gas and electric. 2 Liquefied petroleum gases. 3 Includes kerosene. 4 Coal, solar, other fuel, or no heating equipment. 5 Video Cassette Recorder. 6 Digital Video

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 2.6 Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and Electronics, Selected Years, 1978-2009 Appliance Year Change 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1984 1987 1990 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 1980 to 2009 Total Households (millions) .......... 77 78 82 83 84 86 91 94 97 101 107 111 114 32 Percent of Households Space Heating - Main Fuel 1 Natural Gas .................................... 55 55 55 56 57 55 55 55 53 52 55 52 50 -5 Electricity 2 ...................................... 16 17 18 17 16 17 20

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Type of Heating in Occupied Housing Units, 1950 and 2009 By Fuel Type By Fuel Type, Share of Total 56 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Sum of components do not equal total due to independent rounding. 2 Liquefied petroleum gases. 3 Includes coal coke. 4 Kerosene, solar, and other. (s)=Less than 0.5. Source: Table 2.7. 57 38 8 6 2 (s) 1 11 (s) 9 1 4 14 2 Natural Gas Electricity Distillate Fuel Oil LPGĀ² Wood CoalĀ³ Other and None 0 20 40 60 Million Occupied

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 2.7 Type of Heating in Occupied Housing Units, Selected Years, 1950-2009 Year Coal 1 Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene Liquefied Petroleum Gases Natural Gas Electricity Wood Solar Other 2 None 3 Total Million Occupied Housing Units 1950 14.48 9.46 4 ( ) 0.98 11.12 0.28 4.17 NA 0.77 1.57 42.83 1960 6.46 17.16 4 ( ) 2.69 22.85 .93 2.24 NA .22 .48 53.02 1970 1.82 16.47 4 ( ) 3.81 35.01 4.88 .79 NA .27 .40 63.45 1973 .80 17.24 4 ( ) 4.42 38.46 7.21 .60 NA .15 .45 69.34 1975 .57 16.30 4 ( ) 4.15

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source By Survey Year, 1979-2003 By Census Region, 2003 60 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Electricity only; excludes electrical system energy losses. 2 Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and kerosene. (s)=Less than 0.05 quadrillion Btu. Q=Data withheld because either the relative standard error was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled. Note: See Appendix C for map of Census regions.

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 2.9 Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source, Selected Years, 1979-2003 (Trillion Btu) Energy Source and Year Square Footage Category Principal Building Activity Census Region 1 All Buildings 1,001 to 10,000 10,001 to 100,000 Over 100,000 Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care Lodging Mercantile and Service Office All Other Northeast Midwest South West Major Sources 2 1979 ................ 1,255 2,202 1,508 511 3 ( ) 336 469 278 894 861 1,616 1,217 1,826 1,395 526 4,965

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditure Indicators, Selected Years, 1979-2003 Buildings by Energy Source Used Consumption Consumption per Square Foot Square Footage per Building by Expenditures Expenditures Per Square Foot Energy Source Used 62 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Electricity only; excludes electrical system energy losses. 2 Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and kerosene. 3 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 2.10 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditure Indicators, Selected Years, 1979-2003 Energy Source and Year Building Characteristics Energy Consumption Energy Expenditures Number of Buildings Total Square Feet Square Feet per Building Total Per Building Per Square Foot Per Employee Total Per Building Per Square Foot Per Million Btu Thousands Millions Thousands Trillion Btu Million Btu Thousand Btu Million Btu Million Dollars 1 Thousand Dollars 1 Dollars 1 Dollars 1 Major

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Commercial Buildings Electricity Consumption by End Use, 2003 By End Use By Principal Building Activity 64 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1,340 481 436 381 167 156 88 69 24 418 Lighting Cooling Ventilation Refrigeration Space Computers Water Office Cooking OtherĀ¹ 0 500 1,000 1,500 Trillion Btu Heating Heating Equipment and Storage Assembly 733 719 371 248 244 235 217 208 167 149 267 Mercantile Office Education Health Care Warehouse Lodging Food Service Food

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 2.11 Commercial Buildings Electricity Consumption by End Use, 2003 (Trillion Btu) End Use Space Heating Cooling Ventilation Water Heating Lighting Cooking Refrigeration Office Equipment Computers Other 1 Total All Buildings .................................... 167 481 436 88 1,340 24 381 69 156 418 3,559 Principal Building Activity Education ...................................... 15 74 83 11 113 2 16 4 32 21 371 Food Sales ................................... 6 12 7 Q 46 2 119 2 2 10 208

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by Source Total Energy, 1970-2010 By Energy Type, 2010 ExpendituresĀ³ by Energy Type, Indexed, 1970-2010 By Petroleum Product, 2010 76 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 2 Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel ethanol and biodiesel. 3 Based on nominal dollars. 4 Liquefied petroleum gases. 5 Asphalt and road oil,

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 3.5 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970-2010 (Million Dollars 1 ) Year Primary Energy 2 Electric Power Sector 11,12 Retail Electricity 13 Total Energy 10,14 Coal Coal Coke Net Imports 3 Natural Gas 4 Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass 9 Total 10 Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel 5 LPG 6 Motor Gasoline 7 Residual Fuel Oil Other 8 Total 1970 4,630 -75 10,891 6,253 1,441 2,395 31,596 2,046 4,172 47,904 44 438 63,872 -4,357 23,345 82,860 1971 4,902 -40 12,065 6,890 1,582 2,483

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 2010 By Sector Residential Sector by Major SourceĀ² Commercial Sector by Major SourceĀ³ Industrial Sector by Major Source 4 78 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 561 250 216 178 Transportation Residential Industrial Commercial 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Billion DollarsĀ¹ 167 54 27 Retail Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum 0 50 100 150 200 Billion DollarsĀ¹ 106 63 37 7 3 Petroleum Retail Electricity

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 3.6 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 1970-2010 (Million Dollars 1 ) Year Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Natural Gas 2 Petroleum Retail Electricity 3 Total 4 Natural Gas 2 Petroleum 5 Retail Electricity 3 Total 6,7 Coal Natural Gas 2 Petroleum 5 Biomass 8 Retail Electricity 3 Total 7,9 Petroleum 5 Total 7,10 1970 5,272 4,186 10,352 20,112 1,844 1,440 7,319 10,678 2,082 2,625 6,069 366 5,624 16,691 35,327 35,379 1971 5,702 4,367 11,589 21,934

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Value of Fossil Fuel Imports Total, 1949-2011 By Fuel, 1949-2011 By Fuel, 2011 80 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price defla- tors in Table D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. 2 See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 3 Natural gas, coal, and coal coke. Source: Table 3.7. Crude Oil 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 100 200 300 400 500 Billion Real (2005)

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 3.7 Value of Fossil Fuel Imports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Billion Dollars) Year Coal Coal Coke Natural Gas Crude Oil 1 Petroleum Products 2 Total Nominal 3 Real 4 Nominal 3 Real 4 Nominal 3 Real 4 Nominal 3 Real 4 Nominal 3 Real 4 Nominal 3 Real 4 1949 (s) 0.02 (s) 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.30 2.10 0.14 0.95 0.45 3.09 1950 (s) .02 .01 .04 .00 .00 .37 2.52 .21 R 1.46 .59 4.04 1955 (s) .02 (s) .01 (s) .01 .65 R 3.94 .44 2.66 1.10 6.64 1960 (s) .01 (s) .01 .03 .15 .90 4.81 .73 3.93 1.66 R 8.91

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Value of Fossil Fuel Exports Total, 1949-2011 By Fuel, 1949-2011 By Fuel, 2011 82 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 104 16 7 2 Petroleum Coal Natural Gas Crude Oil 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Billion Nominal DollarsĀ² 1 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price defla- tors in Table D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. 2 See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 3 Natural gas, crude oil, and coal coke. Source:

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 3.8 Value of Fossil Fuel Exports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Billion Dollars) Year Coal Coal Coke Natural Gas Crude Oil Petroleum Products 1 Total Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 1949 0.30 2.05 0.01 0.06 (s) 0.01 0.10 0.68 0.46 R 3.18 0.87 R 5.98 1950 .27 1.84 .01 .04 (s) .02 .10 .70 .39 2.69 .78 R 5.29 1955 .48 2.92 .01 .05 .01 .04 .04 .23 .60 3.61 1.14 R 6.85 1960 .35 1.90 .01 .04 (s) .02 .01 .04 .47 2.51 .84 4.51

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports, 1949-2011 Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports by Fuel 84 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. 2 Includes small amounts of coal coke. Note: Negative net imports indicate that the value of exports is greater than the value of imports. Source: Table

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 3.9 Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Billion Dollars) Year Coal Coal Coke Natural Gas Crude Oil Petroleum Products 1 Total Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 1949 -0.29 R -2.03 (s) -0.03 (s) -0.01 0.21 1.42 -0.32 -2.24 -0.42 -2.89 1950 -.27 -1.82 (s) -.01 (s) -.02 .27 1.82 -.18 -1.23 -.18 -1.26 1955 -.48 R -2.90 -.01 -.04 -.01 -.03 .62 3.71 -.16 -.95 -.04 -.22 1960 -.35 -1.89 -.01 -.03 .02 .13

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Fossil Fuel Production Prices Prices, 1949-2011 Fossil Fuel Composite Price,Ā² Change From Previous Year, 1950-2011 68 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Fossil Fuel Composite Natural Gas Coal 1 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. 2 Based on real prices in chained (2005) dollars. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. Source: Table 3.1. 1950

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    69 Table 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) Year Coal 1 Natural Gas 2 Crude Oil 3 Fossil Fuel Composite 4 Nominal 5 Real 6 Nominal 5 Real 6 Nominal 5 Real 6 Nominal 5 Real 6 Percent Change 7 1949 0.21 1.45 0.05 0.37 0.44 3.02 0.26 1.81 - - 1950 .21 1.41 .06 .43 .43 R 2.95 .26 1.74 -3.6 1955 .19 1.12 .09 .54 .48 2.88 .27 R 1.63 -3.6 1960 .19 1.04 .13 .68 .50 2.67 .28 1.52 -2.3 1965 .18 .92 .15 .73 .49 R 2.47 .28 1.39 -1.5 1970 .27 1.09 .15 .63

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Value of Fossil Fuel Production, Imports, and Exports Overview, 1949-2011 Production by Fuel, 1949-2011 Overview, 2011 70 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Production 1 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price defla- tors in Table D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. 2 See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Sources: Tables 3.2, 3.7, and 3.8. 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 3.2 Value of Fossil Fuel Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Billion Dollars) Year Coal 1 Natural Gas 2 Crude Oil 3,4 Total Nominal 5 Real 6 Nominal 5 Real 6 Nominal 5 Real 6 Nominal 5 Real 6 1949 2.52 R 17.37 0.33 2.24 4.68 R 32.27 7.52 R 51.88 1950 2.91 R 19.84 .44 3.00 4.95 R 33.80 8.30 R 56.64 1955 2.30 R 13.87 .94 5.67 6.88 R 41.45 10.12 R 60.99 1960 2.10 R 11.27 1.79 9.61 7.42 R 39.84 11.30 R 60.72 1965 2.40 R 12.03 2.57 R 12.87 8.15 R 40.86 13.11 R 65.76 1970 3.88 R 15.96 3.73

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source Total Energy, 1970-2010 By Energy Type, 2010 PricesĀ³ by Energy Type, Indexed, 1970-2010 By Petroleum Product, 2010 72 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Fuel Oil Gasoline 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 2 Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Prior to 2001, also includes non-biomass waste. 3 Based on nominal dollars.

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 3.3 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970-2010 (Dollars 1 per Million Btu) Year Primary Energy 2 Electric Power Sector 11,12 Retail Electricity 13 Total Energy 9,10,14 Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass 8 Total 9,10 Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel 4 LPG 5 Motor Gasoline 6 Residual Fuel Oil Other 7 Total 1970 0.38 0.59 1.16 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.42 1.38 1.71 0.18 1.29 1.08 0.32 4.98 1.65 1971 .42 .63 1.22 .77 1.46 2.90 .58 1.45 1.78 .18 1.31 1.15 .38 5.30 1.76 1972

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 2010 By Sector Residential Sector by Major Source Commercial Sector by Major Source Industrial Sector by Major Source 74 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 22.40 21.00 20.90 12.04 Residential Transportation Commercial Industrial 0 5 10 15 20 25 DollarsĀ¹ per Million Btu 33.81 23.46 11.13 Retail Petroleum Natural 0 10 20 30 40 DollarsĀ¹ per Million Btu Gas Electricity 19.89 17.58 6.25 3.96 2.74 Retail Petroleum

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 3.4 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 1970-2010 (Dollars 1 per Million Btu) Year Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Natural Gas 2 Petroleum Retail Electricity 3 Total 4 Natural Gas 2 Petroleum 5 Retail Electricity 3 Total 6,7 Coal Natural Gas 2 Petroleum 5 Biomass 8 Retail Electricity 3 Total 7,9 Petroleum 5 Total 7,10 1970 1.06 1.54 6.51 2.10 0.75 R 0.90 6.09 1.97 0.45 0.38 0.98 1.59 2.99 0.84 2.31 2.31 1971 1.12 1.59 6.80 2.24 .80 1.02 6.44 2.15 .50

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory and Development Wells Total Wells Drilled, 1949-2010 Total Wells Drilled by Type, 1949-2010 Successful Wells, 1949-2010 Wells Drilled, 2010 Footage Drilled, 2010 Average Depth, 2010 96 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Data are for exploratory and development wells combined. Sources: Tables 4.5-4.7. TotalĀ¹ 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 25 50 75 100 Thousand Wells 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 10 20 30 40 50

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 4.5 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory and Development Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Year Wells Drilled Successful Wells Footage Drilled 1 Average Footage Drilled Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Number Percent Thousand Feet Feet per Well 1949 21,352 3,363 12,597 37,312 66.2 79,428 12,437 43,754 135,619 3,720 3,698 3,473 3,635 1950 23,812 3,439 14,799 42,050 64.8 92,695 13,685 50,977

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory Wells, 1949-2010 Exploratory Wells Drilled by Well Type Exploratory Footage Drilled by Well Type Exploratory Wells Average Depth, All Wells Exploratory Wells Average Depth by Well Type 98 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Note: These graphs depict exploratory wells only; see Figure 4.5 for all wells and Figure 4.7 for development wells only. Source: Table 4.6. Dry Holes 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 3 6 9 12 15

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 4.6 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Year Wells Drilled Successful Wells Footage Drilled 1 Average Footage Drilled Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Number Percent Thousand Feet Feet per Well 1949 1,406 424 7,228 9,058 20.2 5,950 2,409 26,439 34,798 4,232 5,682 3,658 3,842 1950 1,583 431 8,292 10,306 19.5 6,862 2,356 30,957 40,175 4,335 5,466 3,733 3,898

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Development Wells, 1949-2010 Development Wells Drilled by Well Type Development Footage Drilled by Well Type Development Wells Average Depth, All Wells Development Wells Average Depth by Well Type 100 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Note: These graphs depict development wells only; see Figure 4.5 for all wells and Figure 4.6 for exploratory wells only. Source: Table 4.7. 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 10 20 30 40 50 Thousand

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 4.7 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Development Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Year Wells Drilled Successful Wells Footage Drilled 1 Average Footage Drilled Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Crude Oil 2 Natural Gas 3 Dry Holes 4 Total Number Percent Thousand Feet Feet per Well 1949 19,946 2,939 5,369 28,254 81.0 73,478 10,028 17,315 100,821 3,684 3,412 3,225 3,568 1950 22,229 3,008 6,507 31,744 79.5 85,833 11,329 20,020 117,183 3,861

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011 By Key State By Region West and East of the Mississippi By Mining Method By Rank 102 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Source: Table 4.8. 119 104 61 32 29 27 23 16 12 12 9 Montana Illinois Wyo- West Ken- Penn- Ohio Colo- Texas New Indiana 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Billion Short Tons 230 156 98 Western Interior Appalachian 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Billion Short Tons ming Virginia tucky sylvania rado Mexico 257

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 4.8 Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011 (Billion Short Tons) Region and State Anthracite Bituminous Coal Subbituminous Coal Lignite Total Underground Surface Underground Surface Underground Surface Surface 1 Underground Surface Total Appalachian .............................................. 4.0 3.3 68.2 21.9 0.0 0.0 1.1 72.1 26.3 98.4 Alabama ................................................... .0 .0 .9 2.1 .0 .0 1.1 .9 3.1 4.0 Kentucky, Eastern

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Uranium Exploration and Development Drilling Total Holes Drilled, 1958-2011Ā¹ Holes Drilled, Selected Years Total Footage Drilled, 1949-2011Ā¹ Footage Drilled, Selected Years 104 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 In 2002 and 2003, data are withheld to avoid disclosure. Source: Table 4.9. 19 10 9 2 1 5 8 28 18 2 0 5 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 0 10 20 30 Thousands Exploration Development 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Thousands 3 4

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 4.9 Uranium Exploration and Development Drilling, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year Exploration 1 Development 2 Total Holes Drilled Footage Drilled Holes Drilled Footage Drilled Holes Drilled Footage Drilled Thousands Million Feet Thousands Million Feet Thousands Million Feet 1949 NA 0.36 NA 0.05 NA 0.41 1950 NA .57 NA .21 NA .78 1955 NA 5.27 NA .76 NA 6.03 1960 7.34 1.40 24.40 4.21 31.73 5.61 1965 6.23 1.16 7.33 .95 13.56 2.11 1970 43.98 17.98 14.87 5.55 58.85 23.53 1975 34.29 15.69 21.60

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Technically Recoverable Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Estimates, 2009 Crude Oil and Lease Condensate, Total Technically Dry Natural Gas, Total Technically Recoverable Resources Recoverable Resources Crude Oil and Lease Condensate by Type Dry Natural Gas by Type 88 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 58% 25% 18% 48 StatesĀ¹ Onshore 48 StatesĀ¹ Offshore Alaska 20% 13% 13% 54% 48 StatesĀ¹ Onshore 48 StatesĀ¹ Offshore Gas Alaska Tight Gas, Shale Gas, and Coalbed

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 4.10 Uranium Reserves, 1 2008 (Million Pounds Uranium Oxide) State Forward-Cost 2 Category (dollars 3 per pound) $50 or Less $100 or Less Total .................................................................................................................................... 539 1,227 Wyoming ......................................................................................................................... 220 446 New Mexico

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Concentrating Solar Resources 108 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Notes: * Annual average direct normal solar resource data are shown. * kWh/m 2 /Day = kilowatthours per square meter per day. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Sources: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Department of Energy (October 20, 2008). The data for Hawaii and the 48 contiguous States are a 10-kilometer (km)

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 Photovoltaic Solar Resources U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 109 Notes: * Annual average solar resource data are shown for a tilt=latitude collector. * kWh/m 2 /Day = kilowatthours per square meter per day. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Sources: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Depart- ment of Energy (October 20, 2008). The data for Hawaii and the 48 contiguous States are a

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Onshore Wind Resources 110 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Notes: * Data are annual average wind speed at 80 meters. * m/s = meters per second. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Sources: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Department of Energy (April 1, 2011). Wind resource estimates developed by AWS Truepower, LLC for windNavigatorĀ®. See http://www.windnavigator.com and

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 Offshore Wind Resources U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 111 Notes: * Data are annual average wind speed at 90 meters. * m/s = meters per second. * mph = miles per hour. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Source: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Department of Energy (January 10, 2011

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    89 Table 4.1 Technically Recoverable Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Estimates, 2009 Region Proved Reserves 1 Unproved Resources Total Technically Recoverable Resources 2 Crude Oil and Lease Condensate (billion barrels) 48 States 3 Onshore ........................................................................... 14.2 112.6 126.7 48 States 3 Offshore ........................................................................... 4.6 50.3 54.8 Alaska

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, 1977-2010 Crude Oil Natural Gas (Dry) Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, Indexed 90 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Notes: * Data are at end of year. * Crude oil includes lease condensate. Source: Table 4.2. Natural Gas (Dry) Cumulative Production Crude Oil Cumulative Production Natural Gas (Dry) Proved Reserves Crude Oil Proved Reserves 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 4.2 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, 1977-2010 Year Crude Oil and Lease Condensate 1 Natural Gas (Dry) Cumulative Production Proved Reserves 2 Cumulative Production Proved Reserves 3 Billion Barrels Trillion Cubic Feet 1977 118.1 31.8 514.4 207.4 1978 121.3 31.4 533.6 208.0 1979 124.4 31.2 553.2 201.0 1980 127.5 31.3 572.6 199.0 1981 130.7 31.0 591.8 201.7 1982 133.8 29.5 609.6 201.5 1983 137.0 29.3 625.7 200.2 1984 140.2 30.0 643.2 197.5 1985 143.5

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves Total, 1949-2010 By Type, 2010 By Type, 1949-2010 92 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 COE=crude oil equivalent. Ā² To the extent that lease condensate is measured or estimated it is included in "Natural Gas Liquids"; otherwise, lease condensate is included in "Crude Oil." Notes: * Data are at end of year. * API=American Petroleum Institute. AGA=American Gas Association.

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 4.3 Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Year Crude Oil 1 Natural Gas (Dry) Natural Gas Liquids 1 Total Billion Barrels Trillion Cubic Feet 2 Billion Barrels COE 3 Billion Barrels Billion Barrels COE 3 Billion Barrels COE 3 American Petroleum Institute and American Gas Association Data 1949 24.6 179.4 32.0 3.7 3.1 59.7 1950 25.3 184.6 32.9 4.3 3.5 61.7 1955 30.0 222.5 39.7 5.4 4.4 74.1 1960 31.6 262.3 46.8 6.8 5.4 83.8 1965 31.4 286.5

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6 Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination Total Exports and Exports to Canada and Mexico, 1960-2011 By Selected Country, 1960-2011 By Selected Country, 2011 130 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Source: Table 5.6. Total Exports Japan 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Thousand Barrels per Day Exports to Canada and Mexico 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 5.6 Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination, Selected Years, 1960-2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Belgium 1 Brazil Canada France Italy Japan Mexico Nether- lands South Korea Spain United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Other Total 1960 3 4 34 4 6 62 18 6 NA NA 12 1 52 202 1965 3 3 26 3 7 40 27 10 NA NA 12 1 54 187 1966 3 4 32 4 7 36 39 9 NA NA 12 3 49 198 1967 5 6 50 3 9 51 36 13 NA NA 62 7 65 307 1968 4 8 39 4 8 56 31 10 NA NA 14 2 55 231 1969 4 7 44 4 9 47 33 9 NA

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011 Total, OPEC, and Non-OPEC By Selected Country Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption Net Imports From OPEC 132 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Note: OPEC=Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Source: Table 5.7. OPEC Non-OPEC Saudi Arabia Canada and Mexico 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Million Barrels per Day 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Year Persian Gulf 2 Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries Total Net Imports Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption 5 Net Imports From OPEC 1 Algeria Nigeria Saudi Arabia 3 Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Mexico United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Total Non-OPEC 4 Share of Total Net Imports 6 Share of Consumption 7 Thousand Barrels per Day Percent 1960 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 84 910 1,232 86

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Refinery Capacity and Utilization, 1949-2011 Number of Operable Refineries Utilization Capacity 136 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Ā¹ Operable refineries capacity on January 1. Source: Table 5.9. 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 100 200 300 400 Total Units 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 20 40 60 80 100 Percent 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 0 5 10 15 20 Million Barrels per Day CapacityĀ¹ Unused Capacity Gross Input to Distillation Units

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 5.9 Refinery Capacity and Utilization, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year Operable Refineries 1 Operable Refineries Capacity Gross Input to Distillation Units 3 Utilization 4 On January 1 Annual Average 2 Number Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day Thousand Barrels per Day Percent 1949 336 6,231 NA 5,556 89.2 1950 320 6,223 NA 5,980 92.5 1955 296 8,386 NA 7,820 92.2 1960 309 9,843 NA 8,439 85.1 1965 293 10,420 NA 9,557 91.8 1970 276 12,021 NA 11,517 92.6 1975 279 14,961 NA 12,902 85.5 1976 276

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Total, 1949-2011 By Product, 2011 By Selected Product, 1949-2011 138 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Source: Table 5.10. 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 Thousand Barrels per Day 909 618 295 208 152 Ethane Propane Pentanes Isobutane Normal 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 Thousand Barrels per Day Plus Butane Isobutane Normal Butane Propane 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    a Petroleum and Other Liquids Overview Overview, 1949-2011 Overview, 2011 Production, 1949-2011 Production and Net Imports, Share of Estimated Consumption, 1949-2011 118 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Note: Production includes production of crude oil (including lease condensate), natural gas plant liquids, fuel ethanol (minus denaturant), and biodiesel; and processing gain. Source: Table 5.1a. 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 5 10 15 20 25 Million Barrels

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales, 1984-2010 Total by Fuel Distillate Fuel Oil by Selected End Use Residual Fuel Oil by Major End Use Kerosene by Major End Use 154 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Source: Table 5.15. On-Highway Diesel Commercial Railroad 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 1 2 3 4 5 Million Barrels per Day Residential Distillate Fuel Oil 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Million Barrels per Day Kerosene Residual Fuel Oil Vessel

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 5.15 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales, Selected Years, 1984-2010 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Distillate Fuel Oil Residential Commercial Industrial Oil Company Farm Electric Power 1 Railroad Vessel Bunkering On-Highway Diesel Military Off-Highway Diesel Other Total 1984 534 360 166 55 208 42 192 115 1,093 46 114 46 2,971 1985 504 291 159 45 202 34 182 111 1,127 43 99 11 2,809 1990 475 260 169 49 222 50 203 135 1,393 46 118 (s) 3,120 1991 442 246 151 48 206 39 188 133 1,336 53 107 (s) 2,949

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Strategic Petroleum Reserve, 1977-2011 End-of-Year Stocks in SPR Crude Oil Imports for SPRĀ¹ SPR as Share of Domestic Stocks SPR Stocks as Days of Petroleum Net ImportsĀ² 158 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Imported by SPR and imported by others for SPR. 2 Derived by dividing end-of-year SPR stocks by annual average daily net imports of all petroleum. Note: SPR=Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Source: Table 5.17. 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 200 400 600

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 5.17 Strategic Petroleum Reserve, 1977-2011 (Million Barrels, Except as Noted) Year Foreign Crude Oil Receipts Domestic Crude Oil Receipts Withdrawals End-of-Year Stocks Days of Petroleum Net Imports 4 Imported by SPR Imported by Others 1,2 Purchases Exchanges 2 Sales Exchanges Quantity Percent of Crude Oil 3 Stocks Percent of Total Petroleum Stocks 1977 7.54 0.00 5 0.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.46 2.1 0.6 1 1978 58.80 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 66.86 17.8 5.2 8 1979 24.43 .00 (s) .00 .00 .00 91.19

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 Crude Oil Domestic First Purchase Prices U.S. Average Prices, 1949-2011 Alaska North Slope, California, and Texas 1977-2011 160 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price defla- tors in Table D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. 2 See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 3 Alaska North Slope. Source: Table 5.18. RealĀ¹ NominalĀ² 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 5.18 Crude Oil Domestic First Purchase Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Dollars per Barrel) Year Alaska North Slope California Texas U.S. Average Nominal 1 Real 2 Nominal 1 Real 2 Nominal 1 Real 2 Nominal 1 Real 2 1949 - - - - NA NA NA NA 2.54 R 17.52 1950 - - - - NA NA NA NA 2.51 R 17.13 1955 - - - - NA NA NA NA 2.77 R 16.69 1960 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.88 R 15.47 1965 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.86 R 14.35 1970 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.18 R 13.07 1975 NA NA NA NA NA NA 7.67 R 22.83 1976 NA NA NA NA

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 Value of Crude Oil Imports Total, 1973-2011 Totals, 2011 By Selected Country, 2011 164 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Note: OPEC=Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Source: Table 5.20. 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 60 120 180 240 300 360 Billion DollarsĀ¹ 335 170 165 73 Total Non-OPEC OPEC Persian Gulf 0 60 120 180 240 300 360 Billion DollarsĀ¹

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 5.20 Value of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 (Billion Dollars 1 ) Year Persian Gulf 3 Selected OPEC 2 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 2 Countries Total 5 Kuwait Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Colombia Mexico Norway United Kingdom Total Non-OPEC 4 1973 1.7 W 1.5 0.9 0.8 5.2 1.9 W - 0.0 0.0 2.4 7.6 1974 4.4 W 3.3 1.9 1.3 11.6 3.3 .0 W - .0 4.1 15.6 1975 5.2 W 3.5 3.2 1.8 14.9 2.8 .0 .3 .1 - 4.1 19.0 1976 8.7 W 5.1 5.8 1.0 22.2 1.8 - .4 .2 W 3.6 25.8

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Crude Oil Refiner Acquisition Costs, 1968-2011 Summary Composite Costs Domestic Costs Imported Costs 166 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 2 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price defla- tors in Table D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. Source: Table 5.21. 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Nominal DollarsĀ¹ per Barrel

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 Refiner Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 1995-2011 To Resellers To End Users 168 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Source: Table 5.22. Residual Fuel Oil 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 DollarsĀ¹ per Gallon, Excluding Taxes Motor Gasoline Residual Fuel Oil Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Propane 1996 1998 2000 2002

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Table 5.22 Refiner Sales Prices and Refiner Margins for Selected Petroleum Products, 1995-2011 (Dollars 1 per Gallon, Excluding Taxes) Product 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Sales Prices to Resellers: 2 Aviation Gasoline ............................ 0.975 1.055 1.065 0.912 1.007 1.330 1.256 1.146 1.288 1.627 2.076 2.490 2.758 3.342 2.480 2.874 3.739 Motor Gasoline ............................... .626 .713 .700 .526 .645 .963 .886 .828 1.002

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 All Sellers Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 2010 Motor Gasoline, Selected Grades Distillate Fuel Oil, Residual Fuel Oil, and Propane 170 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 2 Includes oxygenated motor gasoline. 3 > 15 and <= 500 parts per million. 4 > 500 parts per million. - - = Not applicable. Note: Data are preliminary. Source: Table 5.23. 2.32 2.29

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    71 Table 5.23 All Sellers Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 1994-2010 (Dollars 1 per Gallon, Excluding Taxes) Product 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Sales Prices to Resellers 2 Motor Gasoline ......................................... 0.602 0.630 0.715 0.703 0.530 0.645 0.966 0.888 0.832 1.001 1.288 1.675 1.973 2.186 2.587 1.773 2.169 Unleaded Regular ................................... .571 .599 .689 .677 .504 .621 .946 .868 .813

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 5.1a Petroleum and Other Liquids Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year Production 1 Production as Share of Estimated Consumption Net Imports 2 Net Imports as Share of Estimated Consumption Balancing Item 3 Estimated Consumption 4 Thousand Barrels per Day Percent Thousand Barrels per Day Percent Thousand Barrels per Day 1949 5,475 95.0 318 5.5 -30 5,763 1950 5,908 91.5 545 8.4 5 6,458 1955 7,611 90.0 880 10.4 -37 8,455

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    23 Table 5.2 Crude Oil Production and Crude Oil Well Productivity, Selected Years, 1954-2011 Year Crude Oil Production Crude Oil Well 1 Productivity 48 States 2 Alaska 3 Total Onshore Offshore Total Producing Wells 4 Average Productivity 5 Federal State Total Thousand Barrels per Day Thousand Barrels per Day Thousands Barrels per Day per Well 1954 6,342 0 6,342 6,209 NA NA 133 6,342 511 12.4 1955 6,807 0 6,807 6,645 NA NA 162 6,807 524 13.0 1960 7,034 2 7,035 6,716 NA NA 319 7,035 591 11.9 1965

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Natural Gas Well Productivity, 1960-2011 Gross Withdrawals by Location Number of Producing Wells Gross Withdrawals by State and Federal Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Well Average Productivity 184 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Trillion Cubic Feet (Cumulative) 1 Through 1996, includes gross withdrawals in Federal offshore areas of the Gulf of Mexico;

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 6.4 Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Natural Gas Well Productivity, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Year Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals From Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Coalbed, and Shale Gas Wells Natural Gas Well Productivity Texas 1 Louisiana 1 Oklahoma Other States 1 Federal Gulf of Mexico 2 Total Onshore Offshore Total Gross With- drawals From Natural Gas Wells 3 Producing Wells 4 Average Productivity Federal State Total Billion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Feet Thousands

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2 Natural Gas Production Gross Withdrawals and Dry Gas Production, 1949-2011 Production Flow, 2011 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Gross Withdrawals by Well Type, 2011 180 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Dry Gas Production 1 Volume reduction resulting from the removal of natural gas plant liquids, which are trans- ferred to petroleum supply. 2 Includes natural gas gross withdrawals from coalbed wells and shale gas wells. Source: Table 6.2. Gross Withdrawals 1950 1960

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 6.2 Natural Gas Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Billion Cubic Feet) Year Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss 1 Dry Gas Production Natural Gas Wells Crude Oil Wells Coalbed Wells Shale Gas Wells Total 1949 4,986 2,561 NA NA 7,547 1,273 NA 854 5,420 224 5,195 1950 5,603 2,876 NA NA 8,480 1,397 NA 801 6,282 260 6,022 1955 7,842 3,878 NA NA 11,720 1,541 NA 774 9,405 377 9,029 1960 10,853 4,234 NA

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coal Imports by Country of Origin Total, 2000-2011 By Country, 2011 By Selected Country, 2000-2011 204 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Note: Sum of components may not equal 100 percent due to independent rounding. Source: Table 7.4. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 0 10 20 30 40 Million Short Tons Indonesia 10% Canada 9% Total 13.1 million short tons Canada 13% Colombia 73% Venezuela 6% Other 2% Indonesia 7% Colombia 2000 2001 2002

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 7.4 Coal Imports by Country of Origin, 2000-2011 (Million Short Tons) Year Australia New Zealand Canada Mexico Colombia Venezuela China India Indonesia Europe South Africa Other Total Norway Poland Russia Ukraine United Kingdom Other Total 2000 0.2 0.0 1.9 (s) 7.6 2.0 (s) (s) 0.7 0.0 0.0 (s) 0.0 (s) 0.0 (s) 0.0 (s) 12.5 2001 .3 (s) 2.6 (s) 11.2 3.3 .1 (s) .9 (s) .5 .2 .0 .1 (s) .8 .4 .1 19.8 2002 .8 .0 2.1 (s) 9.2 3.3 .1 (s) 1.0 .0 .1 .1 .0 (s) (s) .2 .1 (s) 16.9 2003 .3 .1 2.1 .0 15.5

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coal Exports by Country of Destination Total and Europe, 1960-2011 By Selected Country, 2011 By Selected Country, 1960-2011 206 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Source: Table 7.5. 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 25 50 75 100 125 Million Short Tons lands 10.8 8.7 6.9 6.9 6.8 5.6 4.8 Nether- Brazil United Japan Canada Italy Germany 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Million Short Tons Kingdom Total Europe 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    07 Table 7.5 Coal Exports by Country of Destination, Selected Years, 1960-2011 (Million Short Tons) Year Canada Brazil Europe Japan Other 3 Total Belgium 1 Denmark France Germany 2 Italy Nether- lands Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other 3 Total 1960 12.8 1.1 1.1 0.1 0.8 4.6 4.9 2.8 0.3 NA - 2.4 17.1 5.6 1.3 38.0 1965 16.3 1.2 2.2 (s) 2.1 4.7 9.0 3.4 1.4 NA (s) 2.3 25.1 7.5 .9 51.0 1966 16.5 1.7 1.8 (s) 1.6 4.9 7.8 3.2 1.2 NA (s) 2.5 23.1 7.8 1.0 50.1 1967 15.8 1.7 1.4 - 2.1 4.7 5.9 2.2 1.0 NA -

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Coal Mining Productivity Total, 1949-2011 By Mining Method, 2011 By Location, 2011 By Mining Method, 1 1949-2011 By Region and Mining Method, 2011 210 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Mississippi 1 For 1979 forward, includes all coal; prior to 1979, excludes anthracite. Note: Beginning in 2001, surface mining includes a small amount of refuse recovery. Source: Table 7.7. 2.68 15.98 East of the West of the 0 5 10 15 20 Short Tons per Employee Hour 1950 1960

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    11 Table 7.7 Coal Mining Productivity, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Short Tons per Employee Hour 1 ) Year Mining Method Location Total 2 Underground Surface 2 East of the Mississippi West of the Mississippi Underground Surface 2 Total 2 Underground Surface 2 Total 2 1949 3 0.68 3 1.92 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.72 1950 3 .72 3 1.96 NA NA NA NA NA NA .76 1955 3 1.04 3 2.65 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.14 1960 3 1.33 3 2.91 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.52 1965 3 1.75 3 4.10 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.09 1970 3 1.72 3 4.53 NA NA NA

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8 Coke Overview Production and Consumption, 1949-2011 Overview, 2011 Trade 212 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Source: Table 7.8. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Million Short Tons Consumption Production 15.4 1.4 1.0 15.8 Production Imports Exports Consumption 0 5 10 15 20 Million Short Tons 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 2 4 6 8 Million Short Tons Imports Exports

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    9 Coal Prices Total, 1949-2011 By Type, 1949-2011 By Type, 2011 214 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Real (2005) DollarsĀ¹ per Short Ton 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 30 60 90 120 Real (2005) DollarsĀ¹ per Short Ton 70.99 57.64 19.38 15.80 36.91 Anthracite Bituminous Lignite Subbituminous Total 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Nominal DollarsĀ² per Short Ton Bituminous Coal Anthracite

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 7.9 Coal Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Dollars per Short Ton) Year Bituminous Coal Subbituminous Coal Lignite 1 Anthracite Total Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 1949 4 4.90 4,R 33.80 4 ( ) 4 ( ) 2.37 R 16.35 8.90 R 61.38 5.24 R 36.14 1950 4 4.86 4,R 33.16 4 ( ) 4 ( ) 2.41 R 16.44 9.34 R 63.73 5.19 R 35.41 1955 4 4.51 4,R 27.17 4 ( ) 4 ( ) 2.38 R 14.34 8.00 R 48.19 4.69 R 28.25 1960 4 4.71 4,R 25.31 4 ( ) 4 ( ) 2.29 R 12.30 8.01 R

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coal Production, 1949-2011 Total By Rank By Mining Method By Location 200 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Anthracite LigniteĀ¹ Subbituminous CoalĀ¹ Ā¹ Subbituminous coal and lignite are included in bituminous coal prior to 1969. Source: Table 7.2. 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 300 600 900 1,200 1,500 Million Short Tons Bituminous CoalĀ¹ 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 200 400 600 800 Million Short Tons 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 300 600

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 7.2 Coal Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Short Tons) Year Rank Mining Method Location Total 1 Bituminous Coal 1 Subbituminous Coal Lignite Anthracite 1 Underground Surface 1 East of the Mississippi 1 West of the Mississippi 1 1949 437.9 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 42.7 358.9 121.7 444.2 36.4 480.6 1950 516.3 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 44.1 421.0 139.4 524.4 36.0 560.4 1955 464.6 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 26.2 358.0 132.9 464.2 26.6 490.8 1960 415.5 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 18.8 292.6 141.7 413.0 21.3 434.3 1965 512.1 2 ( ) 2 ( )

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    26 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 8.2c Electricity Net Generation: Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, Selected Years, 1989-2011 (Breakout of Table 8.2b; Billion Kilowatthours) Year Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Hydro- electric Pumped Storage 5 Renewable Energy Other 10 Total Coal 1 Petroleum 2 Natural Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Conventional Hydroelectric Power 6 Biomass Geo- thermal Solar/PV 9 Wind Total Wood 7 Waste 8 Electricity-Only Plants 11

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 Total (All Sectors) by Source, 2011 By Sector, 1989-2011 By Sector, 2011 228 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 2 Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources,

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    29 Table 8.3a Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 (Sum of Tables 8.3b and 8.3c; Trillion Btu) Year Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy Other 7 Total Coal 1 Petroleum 2 Natural Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Biomass Total Wood 5 Waste 6 1989 323 96 462 93 973 546 30 577 39 1,589 1990 363 127 538 141 1,168 651 36 687 40 1,896 1991 352 112 547 148 1,159 623 37 660 44 1,863 1992 367 117 592 160 1,236 658 40 698 42 1,976 1993 373 129 604 142 1,248 668 45 713

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 8.3b Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Electric Power Sector, 1989-2011 (Subset of Table 8.3a; Trillion Btu) Year Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy Other 7 Total Coal 1 Petroleum 2 Natural Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Biomass Total Wood 5 Waste 6 1989 13 8 67 2 90 19 5 24 1 114 1990 21 9 80 4 114 18 6 25 (s) 138 1991 21 6 82 4 113 17 9 26 1 140 1992 28 6 102 5 140 17 8 25 2 167 1993 30 8 107 3 147 16 8 24

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 8.3c Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 (Subset of Table 8.3a; Trillion Btu) Year Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy Other 7 Total Coal 1 Petroleum 2 Natural Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Biomass Total Wood 5 Waste 6 Commercial Sector 8 1989 14 4 10 (s) 27 (s) 10 10 - 38 1990 15 5 16 (s) 36 (s) 10 11 - 46 1995 17 3 29 - 48 (s) 15 15 (s) 63 1996 20 3 33 R - 55 1 17 18 - 73 1997 22 4 40 (s) 66 1 19 20 - 86 1998 20 5

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 Consumption for Electricity Generation By Major Category, 1949-2011 By Major Fuel, 2011 By Major Source, 1949-2011 By Sector, 1989-2011 232 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Conventional hydroelectric power. 2 Geothermal, other gases, electricity net imports, solar thermal and photovoltaic energy, batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Table 8.4a Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Sum of Tables 8.4b and 8.4c; Trillion Btu) Year Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power 5 Renewable Energy Other 9 Electricity Net Imports 10 Total Coal 1 Petroleum 2 Natural Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Conventional Hydroelectric Power 5 Biomass Geo- thermal 5 Solar/PV 5,8 Wind 5 Total Wood 6 Waste 7 1949 1,995 415 569 NA 2,979 0 1,425 6 NA NA NA NA 1,431 NA 5 4,415 1950 2,199 472 651

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 8.4b Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Subset of Table 8.4a; Trillion Btu) Year Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power 5 Renewable Energy Other 9 Electricity Net Imports 10 Total Coal 1 Petroleum 2 Natural Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Conventional Hydroelectric Power 5 Biomass Geo- thermal 5 Solar/PV 5,8 Wind 5 Total Wood 6 Waste 7 1949 1,995 415 569 NA

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    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 8.4c Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 (Subset of Table 8.4a; Trillion Btu) Year Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy Other 9 Electricity Net Imports Total Coal 1 Petroleum 2 Natural Gas 3 Other Gases 4 Total Conventional Hydroelectric Power 5 Biomass Geo- thermal Solar/PV 5,8 Wind 5 Total Wood 6 Waste 7 Commercial Sector 10 1989 9 7 18 1 36 - 1 2 9 - - - 12 - - - 47 1990 9 6 28 1 45 - 1 2