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Sample records for denmark finland norway

  1. Data from deployment of temporary seismic stations in northern Norway and Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Maercklin, N; Mykkeltveit, S; Schweitzer, J; Harris, D B; Rock, D W

    2005-02-11

    This short contribution is a description of data now available in NORSAR's data archives from a temporary deployment during 2002-2004 of six seismic stations in northern Norway and Finland. Explosions in underground as well as open-pit mines in the Khibiny massif of the Kola Peninsula of northwestern Russia are conducted on a frequent and relatively regular basis. It was decided to supplement the network of permanent stations in northern Fennoscandia and northwest Russia with temporarily deployed stations, in order to record these explosions, as well as other mining explosions and natural events occurring in this general area. As shown in Fig. 6.4.1, the six temporary stations were deployed along two profile lines, extending westwards from the Khibini massif. The rationale for this deployment was to collect data to examine distance as well as azimuthal dependence of seismic discriminants. As can be seen from Fig. 6.4.1 the southernmost of the two profile lines runs through the permanent seismic array ARCES in northern Norway.

  2. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007 - 2012; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect

    Hand, Maureen

    2015-06-15

    This presentation provides a summary of IEA Wind Task 26 report on Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007-2012

  3. Denmark | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Denmark

  4. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007–2012

    SciTech Connect

    Vitina, Aisma; Lüers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabø, Lief I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arántegui, Roberto; Hand, Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan H; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-01

    The International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement for cooperation in Research, Development, and Deployment of Wind Energy Systems (IEA Wind) Task 26—The Cost of Wind Energy represents an international collaboration dedicated to exploring past, present and future cost of wind energy. This report provides an overview of recent trends in wind plant technology, cost, and performance in those countries that are currently represented by participating organizations in IEA Wind Task 26: Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States as well as the European Union.

  5. Economic consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Norway in 1986 and 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Tveten, U.

    1988-01-01

    In the accident consequence assessment (ACA) area there is extensive cooperation between the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden), performed within the Nordic Safety Program, and partially funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers, via the Nordic Liaison Committee for Atomic Energy. One of the 17 projects in the ACA-related program area is concerned with the economic consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Finland, Norway, and Sweden. This paper is limited to describing conditions in Norway. There are areas in Norway where the Chernobyl fallout is >100 kBq/m{sup 2}, and the total amount of radiocesium deposited over Norway is estimated by the National Institute for Radiation Hygiene to be 6% of the radiocesium released from the reactor. The areas where ground concentrations are highest are mostly in sparsely populated mountain areas. These areas are, however, important in connection with several nutritional pathways, notably, sheep, goats, reindeer, and freshwater fish. The purpose of this paper is to summarize information on mitigating actions and economic consequences of the deposited radioactive materials to Norwegian agriculture in the 1986-87 and 1987-88 slaughtering periods.

  6. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States. 2007 - 2012

    SciTech Connect

    Vitina, Aisma; Luers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabo, Leif I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arantegui, Roberto; Hand, M. Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-12

    This report builds from a similar previous analysis (Schwabe et al., 2011) exploring the differences in cost of wind energy in 2008 among countries participating in IEA Wind Task 26 at that time. The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) is a widely recognized metric for understanding how technology, capital investment, operations, and financing impact the life-cycle cost of building and operating a wind plant. Schwabe et al. (2011) apply a spreadsheet-based cash flow model developed by the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) to estimate LCOE. This model is a detailed, discounted cash flow model used to represent the various cost structures in each of the participating countries from the perspective of a financial investor in a domestic wind energy project. This model is used for the present analysis as well, and comparisons are made for those countries who contributed to both reports, Denmark, Germany, and the United States.

  7. Membership Finland

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Le DG C.Rubbia et la vice présidente du conseil du Cern souhaite la bienvenue à l'adhésion de la Finlande, comme 15me membre du Cern depuis le 1. janvier 1991 en présence du secrétaire generale et de l'ambassadeur

  8. Norden | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark, is a formal cooperation between Nordic amongst Nordic countries, which includes Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and the...

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  10. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

  11. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... in place with eight industrialized countries: Denmark, France, Federal Republic of Germany, the Netherlands, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom 1986 Use of RECON ...

  12. International Group Gathers in Knoxville to Discuss Sharing Science...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Denmark, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, the U.K. and the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Nuclear Information System. ...

  13. UPDATED ADVISORY: Clean Energy Ministerial Photo Now at 11:15...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    invited from Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Norway, China, the Republic of Korea,...

  14. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  15. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  16. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  17. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | July 19, 2013: Discovery...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  18. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 3, 2015: U.S. joins...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  19. Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  20. Press Pass - Press Release - U.S. scientists join in "cosmic...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  1. Press Pass - Press Releases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak...

  2. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 5, 2015: U.S. scientists...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  3. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  4. Press Pass - Press Release - CDF B_s

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  5. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC Restart

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  6. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 13, 2015: Two Large...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  7. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 19, 2014: International...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  8. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  9. Helsinki, Finland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Helsinki is the capital of Finland. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Helsinki, Finland Zone concept and smart protection pilot (Smart...

  10. Norway-Indonesia-Forest Management Agreement | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Norway-Indonesia-Forest Management Agreement Jump to: navigation, search Name Norway-Indonesia-Forest Management Agreement AgencyCompany Organization Government of Norway,...

  11. Oslo, Norway: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Oslo is the capital of Norway.1 Contents 1 Registered Networking Organizations in Oslo, Norway 2...

  12. Finland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Country Profile Name Finland Population 5,180,000 GDP 276,275,000,000 Energy Consumption 1.29 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code FI 3-letter ISO code FIN Numeric ISO...

  13. Taxation of oil and gas revenues: Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Stauffer, T.R.

    1982-04-01

    Fiscalization of petroleum in Norway is a multidimensional process, which includes the conventional components of explicit taxation but also involves implicit nontax economic burdens. The latter are often even more important than the taxes themselves. The multidimensional fiscal structure reflects the multiple purposes of petroleum taxation in Norway, of which revenue collection appears to be but one. Given the multiple objectives, it is therefore not surprising that the components are partly inconsistent and contradictory.

  14. Copenhagen, Denmark: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Core Carbon Group AS CCG Danionics A S Dansk Solar Energy Denmark Solar Industry DSI Lithium Balance Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative NordEnergie Renewables A S Proark...

  15. Denmark Solar Industry DSI | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: DK-1550 Sector: Solar Product: Manufactures and distributes solar panels and systems. Coordinates: 55.67631, 12.569355 Show Map Loading map......

  16. Roskilde, Denmark: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Denmark Risoe National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy UNEP Risoe Centre on Energy Environment and Sustainable Development URC References Retrieved from "http:...

  17. Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway ... Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Sabine Pass, LA LNG ...

  18. Energy use in Denmark: An international perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Schipper, L.; Howarth, R.; Andersson, B.; Price, L.

    1992-08-01

    This report analyzes the evolution use in Denmark since the early 1970s in order to shed light on the future path of energy use in Denmark, with particular emphasis on the role of energy efficiency. The authors found that improvements in end-use energy efficiency reduced primary energy requirements in Denmark by 22% between 1972 and 1988. Focusing on developments in six individual sectors of the Danish economy (residential, manufacturing, other industry, service, travel, and freight), they found that the residential, manufacturing, and service sectors have led the improvements in efficiency. Travel showed few significant improvements and the efficiency of freight transportation worsened. The international comparisons showed that the structure of energy use in Denmark is less energy-intensive than that of most high-income OECD countries, with the exception of Japan. Overall, they concluded that most of the energy savings achieved in Denmark were brought about through improvements in technology. They also found that an important stimulus for improved efficiency was higher energy prices, led in no small part by significant taxes imposed on small consumers of heating oil, electricity, and motor fuels. Energy-efficiency programs accelerated energy savings in homes and commercial buildings. The rate of improvement of energy efficiency in Denmark has slowed down significantly since 1984, consistent with trends observed in other major countries. While many of the energy-efficiency goals stated or implied in Denmark`s Energi 2000 are achievable over a very long period, present trends do not point towards achievement of these goals by 2010 or even 2020. Strong measures will have to be developed by both public and private authorities if energy efficiency is to make a key contributions to reducing environmental problems associated with energy use in Denmark.

  19. ARM - News from the Hyytiälä, Finland, Deployment

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne National Laboratory "Mobile Climate Station Heads to Finland" February 13, 2014 Laboratory Equipment "Traveling Climate Station Goes to Finland" February 13, 2014 ARM ...

  20. Technical University of Denmark | Energy Systems Integration | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Technical University of Denmark NREL is working in partnership with the Technical University of Denmark for the Centre for IT-Intelligent Energy Systems in Cities (CITIES) project. Denmark is targeting an energy system that is 100% renewable by 2050. To reach this ambitious goal, CITIES is bringing together industrial and academic partners to effectively overhaul and integrate Denmark's energy system. NREL will provide technical support for this project, including modeling, simulating, and

  1. City of Norway, Michigan (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesNorway-Michigan-Government181183321938416?skwall Outage Hotline: 906-563-9641, extension 501 or 906-563-9961, extension 200, 201, or 202...

  2. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Denmark...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  3. Denmark, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    "icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map Denmark is a town in Lewis County, New York.1 References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor...

  4. Analysis of Variability and Uncertainty in Wind Power Forecasting: An International Comparison (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, J.; Hodge, B.; Miettinen, J.; Holttinen, H.; Gomez-Lozaro, E.; Cutululis, N.; Litong-Palima, M.; Sorensen, P.; Lovholm, A.; Berge, E.; Dobschinski, J.

    2013-10-01

    This presentation summarizes the work to investigate the uncertainty in wind forecasting at different times of year and compare wind forecast errors in different power systems using large-scale wind power prediction data from six countries: the United States, Finland, Spain, Denmark, Norway, and Germany.

  5. Sandia Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection Experiments in Denmark

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection Experiments in Denmark - Sandia Energy Energy Search ... Twitter Google + Vimeo GovDelivery SlideShare Sandia Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection ...

  6. U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    , Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations Jonathan Male, PNNL, presentation at the December 5, 2012, Biomass Program-hosted International webinar on U.S., Canada, and Finland pyrolysis collaborations. male_2012_webinar.pdf (837.26 KB) More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil Bioenergy Technologies Office R&D Pathways: Fast Pyrolysis and

  7. Quality of Cultural Heritage in EIA; twenty years of experience in Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Lindblom, Inge

    2012-04-15

    The aim of this paper is to clarify and discuss how quality, relevance, attitudes, beliefs and transfer value act as underlying driving forces in the development of the Cultural Heritage theme in EIAs. One purpose is to identify and discuss some conditions that can better environmental assessment in order to increase the significance of EIA in decision-making with regard to Cultural Heritage. The main tools used are different research methods designed for analyses of quality and quality changes, primarily based on the relevant opinions of 160 people occupied with Cultural Heritage in EIA in Norway. The study is based on a review of 40 types of EIAs from 1991 to 2000, an online questionnaire to 319 (160 responded) individuals from 14 different backgrounds, and interviews with three institutions in Sweden and Denmark. The study confirms a steadily increasing quality on EIRs over time, parallel with an improvement of the way in which Cultural Heritage is treated in EIA. This is supported by both the interviews and the qualitative comments regarding the survey. Potential for improvements is shown to be a need for more detailed background material as well as more use of adequate methods. The survey shows the existence of a wide variety of negative views, attitudes and beliefs, but the consequences of this are difficult to evaluate. However, most certainly, negative attitudes and beliefs have not been powerful enough to be detrimental to the quality of Cultural Heritage component, as nothing in the study indicates that negative attitudes and myths are undermining the system of EIA. The study shows the importance of having on-going discussions on quality and quality change over time by people involved in EIA, and how this is a necessary condition for successful implementation and acceptance. Beliefs and negative attitudes can also be a catalyst for developing better practice and advancing new methodology. In addition, new EIA countries must be prepared for several years

  8. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 2,709 2,918 2015 5,992 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Norway

  9. {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb in Forest Soil and in Wild Berries in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Vaaramaa, Kaisa; Lehto, Jukka; Solatie, Dina; Aro, Lasse

    2008-08-07

    The behaviour of {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb was investigated in forests in the Southern Finland site and in the Northern Finland site. Sampling sites were in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests. Maximum activities of {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb in soil columns were found in organic layers. According to preliminary results of wild berry samples, the lowest {sup 210}Po concentrations were found in berries. The highest concentration of {sup 210}Po was found in stems of the blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and the lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) samples.

  10. A Mixed Nordic Experience: Implementing Competitive Retail Electricity Markets for Household Customers

    SciTech Connect

    Olsen, Ole Jess; Johnsen, Tor Arnt; Lewis, Philip

    2006-11-15

    Although the Nordic countries were among the first to develop competition in the electricity industry, it took a long time to make retail competition work. In Norway and Sweden a considerable number of households are actively using the market but very few households are active in Finland and Denmark. One problem has been institutional barriers involving metering, limited unbundling of distribution and supply, and limited access to reliable information on contracts and prices. (author)

  11. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Norway (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  12. Cove Point, MD Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Cubic Feet) Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Cove Point, MD Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,909 5,810 2,900 2014 2,621 2,995 2015 3,097 3,105 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of

  13. Ewan O'Connor FMI (Finnish Meteorological Ins7tute), Helsinki, Finland

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    5/16 Diagnosing boundary layer properties from remote-sensing observations Ewan O'Connor FMI (Finnish Meteorological Ins7tute), Helsinki, Finland University of Reading, Reading, UK Boundary Layer * Friction-only * Classical fluid dynamics * Atmospheric stability * Atmospheric * Include convection, cloud * Include coast, cities 3/15/16 What is a boundary layer? * Classical fluid dynamics: the layer in a nearly inviscid fluid next to a surface in which frictional drag associated with that surface

  14. Mechanical-biological waste treatment and the associated occupational hygiene in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Tolvanen, Outi K. . E-mail: outolvan@bytl.jyu.fi; Haenninen, Kari I.

    2006-07-01

    A special feature of waste management in Finland has been the emphasis on the source separation of kitchen biowaste (catering waste); more than two-thirds of the Finnish population participates in this separation. Source-separated biowaste is usually treated by composting. The biowaste of about 5% of the population is handled by mechanical-biological treatment. A waste treatment plant at Mustasaari is the only plant in Finland using digestion for kitchen biowaste. For the protection of their employees, the plant owners commissioned a study on environmental factors and occupational hygiene in the plant area. During 1998-2000 the concentrations of dust, microbes and endotoxins and noise levels were investigated to identify possible problems at the plant. Three different work areas were investigated: the pre-processing and crushing hall, the bioreactor hall and the drying hall. Employees were asked about work-related health problems. Some problems with occupational hygiene were identified: concentrations of microbes and endotoxins may increase to levels harmful to health during waste crushing and in the bioreactor hall. Because employees complained of symptoms such as dry cough and rash or itching appearing once or twice a month, it is advisable to use respirator masks (class P3) during dusty working phases. The noise level in the drying hall exceeded the Finnish threshold value of 85 dBA. Qualitatively harmful factors for the health of employees are similar in all closed waste treatment plants in Finland. Quantitatively, however, the situation at the Mustasaari treatment plant is better than at some Finnish dry waste treatment plants. Therefore is reasonable to conclude that mechanical sorting, which produces a dry waste fraction for combustion and a biowaste fraction for anaerobic treatment, is in terms of occupational hygiene better for employees than combined aerobic treatment and dry waste treatment.

  15. Risk of large-scale fires in boreal forests of Finland under changing climate

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Lehtonen, I.; Venäläinen, A.; Kamarainen, M.; Peltola, H.; Gregow, H.

    2016-01-21

    Here, the target of this work was to assess the impact of projected climate change on forest-fire activity in Finland with special emphasis on large-scale fires. In addition, we were particularly interested to examine the inter-model variability of the projected change of fire danger. For this purpose, we utilized fire statistics covering the period 1996-2014 and consisting of almost 20,000 forest fires, as well as daily meteorological data from five global climate models under representative concentration pathway RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios. The model data were statistically downscaled onto a high-resolution grid using the quantile-mapping method before performing the analysis. Inmore » examining the relationship between weather and fire danger, we applied the Canadian fire weather index (FWI) system. Our results suggest that the number of large forest fires may double or even triple during the present century. This would increase the risk that some of the fires could develop into real conflagrations which have become almost extinct in Finland due to active and efficient fire suppression. However, the results reveal substantial inter-model variability in the rate of the projected increase of forest-fire danger, emphasizing the large uncertainty related to the climate change signal in fire activity. We moreover showed that the majority of large fires in Finland occur within a relatively short period in May and June due to human activities and that FWI correlates poorer with the fire activity during this time of year than later in summer when lightning is a more important cause of fires.« less

  16. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016"

  17. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and the USSR. Volume 3. 1990 international review

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 29 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Denmark/Greenland, Spain, Portugal, Luxembourg, The United Kingdom, and Ireland); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Austria, and Switzerland); Malta; the 8 Centrally Planned Economies of Eastern Europe (the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria); and the USSR.

  18. Integrating impact assessment and conflict management in urban planning: Experiences from Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Peltonen, Lasse; Sairinen, Rauno

    2010-09-15

    The article examines the interlinkages between recent developments in conflict management and impact assessment procedures in the context of urban planning in Finland. It sets out by introducing the fields of impact assessment and conflict mediation. It then proceeds to discuss the development of impact assessment practices and the status of conflict mediation in Finnish land use planning. The case of Korteniitty infill development plan in Jyvaeskylae is used to demonstrate how the Finnish planning system operates in conflict situations - and how social impact assessment can contribute to managing planning conflicts. The authors ask how the processes of impact assessment contribute to conflict management. Based on the Finnish experience, it is argued that social impact assessment of land use plans can contribute to conflict management, especially in the absence of institutionalised conflict mediation processes. In addition, SIA may acquire features of conflict mediation, depending on extent and intensity of stakeholder participation in the process, and the quality of linkages it between knowledge production and decision-making. Simultaneously, conflict mediation practices and theoretical insights can inform the application of SIA to help it address land use conflicts more consciously.

  19. Social impact assessment in mining projects in Northern Finland: Comparing practice to theory

    SciTech Connect

    Suopajärvi, Leena

    2013-09-15

    The paper discusses social impact assessments (SIA) for mining projects in light of the international principles and guidelines for such assessments and the academic literature in the field. The data consist of environmental impact assessment (EIA) programmes and reports for six mining projects that have started up in northern Finland in the 2000s. A first observation is that the role of the SIAs in the EIA programmes and reports studied was quite minor: measured in number of pages, the assessments account for three or four percent of the total. This study analyses the data collection, research methodology and conceptual premises used in the SIAs. It concludes that the assessments do not fully meet the high standards of the international principles and guidelines set out for them: for example, elderly men are over-represented in the data and no efforts were made to identify and bring to the fore vulnerable groups. Moreover, the reliability of the assessments is difficult to gauge, because the qualitative methods are not described and where quantitative methods were used, details such as non-response rates to questionnaires are not discussed. At the end of the paper, the SIAs are discussed in terms of Jürgen Habermas' theory of knowledge interests, with the conclusion that the assessments continue the empirical analytical tradition of the social sciences and exhibit a technical knowledge interest. -- Highlights: • Paper investigates social impact assessments in Finnish mining projects. • Role of social impact assessment is minor in whole EIA-process. • Mining SIAs give the voice for elderly men, vulnerable groups are not identified. • Assessment of SIAs is difficult because of lacking transparency in reporting. • SIAs belong to empirical analytical tradition with technical knowledge interest.

  20. Radiocesium ([sup 137]Cs) from the Chernobyl reactor in Eurasian woodcock and earthworms in Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Kalas, J.A. ); Bretten, S.; Njastad, O. ); Byrkjedal, I. )

    1994-01-01

    To understand the ecological effects of the Chernobyl reactor accident, we investigated radiocesium ([sup 137]Cs) levels in Eurasian woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), earthworms (Lambricidae), litter (dead organic materials lying on the ground), humus (beneath litter 2 cm deep), and mineral soil samples (3-6 cm deep) from a heavily effected (20-60 kBq/m[sup 2][1 Bq = 1 nuclear fission/sec]) area in Norway. The highest concentrations measured in earthworms (1988 median = 142 Bq/Kg) and woodcock (1986 median = 730 Bq/kg) for human food (600 Bq/kg fresh mass) only were found in woodcock during 1986. Radiocesium concentrations decreased (P < 0.001) in earthworms (40%) and woodcock (95%) from 1986 to 1990. There was no reduction in total radiocesium in soil over the same period. The relatively high radiocesium concentrations in woodcock during 1986 and the decreasing radiocesium ratio in woodcock to earthworms during the first years following fallout could have been caused by woodcock ingesting abiotic radiocesium with earthworms. The decrease in radiocesium in woodcock and earthworms during the study (1986-90) probably resulted from decreasing bioavailability of radiocesium during the first years after fallout rather than by radiocesium disappearing from the ecosystem. 38 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. Ozone induces glucose intolerance and systemic metabolic effects in young and aged brown Norway rats

    SciTech Connect

    Bass, V.; Gordon, C.J.; Jarema, K.A.; MacPhail, R.C.; Cascio, W.E.; Phillips, P.M.; Ledbetter, A.D.; Schladweiler, M.C.; Andrews, D.; Miller, D.; Doerfler, D.L.; Kodavanti, U.P.

    2013-12-15

    Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. We hypothesized that ozone would impair glucose homeostasis by altering insulin signaling and/or endoplasmic reticular (ER) stress in young and aged rats. One, 4, 12, and 24 month old Brown Norway (BN) rats were exposed to air or ozone, 0.25 or 1.0 ppm, 6 h/day for 2 days (acute) or 2 d/week for 13 weeks (subchronic). Additionally, 4 month old rats were exposed to air or 1.0 ppm ozone, 6 h/day for 1 or 2 days (time-course). Glucose tolerance tests (GTT) were performed immediately after exposure. Serum and tissue biomarkers were analyzed 18 h after final ozone for acute and subchronic studies, and immediately after each day of exposure in the time-course study. Age-related glucose intolerance and increases in metabolic biomarkers were apparent at baseline. Acute ozone caused hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance in rats of all ages. Ozone-induced glucose intolerance was reduced in rats exposed for 13 weeks. Acute, but not subchronic ozone increased ?{sub 2}-macroglobulin, adiponectin and osteopontin. Time-course analysis indicated glucose intolerance at days 1 and 2 (2 > 1), and a recovery 18 h post ozone. Leptin increased day 1 and epinephrine at all times after ozone. Ozone tended to decrease phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-1 in liver and adipose tissues. ER stress appeared to be the consequence of ozone induced acute metabolic impairment since transcriptional markers of ER stress increased only after 2 days of ozone. In conclusion, acute ozone exposure induces marked systemic metabolic impairments in BN rats of all ages, likely through sympathetic stimulation. - Highlights: Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. Acute ozone exposure produces profound metabolic alterations in rats. Age influences metabolic risk factors in aging BN rats. Acute metabolic effects are reversible and repeated exposure reduces these effects. Ozone metabolic effects

  2. The composition, heating value and renewable share of the energy content of mixed municipal solid waste in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Horttanainen, M. Teirasvuo, N.; Kapustina, V.; Hupponen, M.; Luoranen, M.

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: • New experimental data of mixed MSW properties in a Finnish case region. • The share of renewable energy of mixed MSW. • The results were compared with earlier international studies. • The average share of renewable energy was 30% and the average LHVar 19 MJ/kg. • Well operating source separation decreases the renewable energy content of MSW. - Abstract: For the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from waste incineration it is essential to know the share of the renewable energy content of the combusted waste. The composition and heating value information is generally available, but the renewable energy share or heating values of different fractions of waste have rarely been determined. In this study, data from Finnish studies concerning the composition and energy content of mixed MSW were collected, new experimental data on the compositions, heating values and renewable share of energy were presented and the results were compared to the estimations concluded from earlier international studies. In the town of Lappeenranta in south-eastern Finland, the share of renewable energy ranged between 25% and 34% in the energy content tests implemented for two sample trucks. The heating values of the waste and fractions of plastic waste were high in the samples compared to the earlier studies in Finland. These high values were caused by good source separation and led to a low share of renewable energy content in the waste. The results showed that in mixed municipal solid waste the renewable share of the energy content can be significantly lower than the general assumptions (50–60%) when the source separation of organic waste, paper and cardboard is carried out successfully. The number of samples was however small for making extensive conclusions on the results concerning the heating values and renewable share of energy and additional research is needed for this purpose.

  3. Environmental assessment of garden waste management in the Municipality of Aarhus, Denmark

    SciTech Connect

    Boldrin, Alessio; Andersen, Jacob K.; Christensen, Thomas H.

    2011-07-15

    An environmental assessment of six scenarios for handling of garden waste in the Municipality of Aarhus (Denmark) was performed from a life cycle perspective by means of the LCA-model EASEWASTE. In the first (baseline) scenario, the current garden waste management system based on windrow composting was assessed, while in the other five scenarios alternative solutions including incineration and home composting of fractions of the garden waste were evaluated. The environmental profile (normalised to Person Equivalent, PE) of the current garden waste management in Aarhus is in the order of -6 to 8 mPE Mg{sup -1} ww for the non-toxic categories and up to 100 mPE Mg{sup -1} ww for the toxic categories. The potential impacts on non-toxic categories are much smaller than what is found for other fractions of municipal solid waste. Incineration (up to 35% of the garden waste) and home composting (up to 18% of the garden waste) seem from an environmental point of view suitable for diverting waste away from the composting facility in order to increase its capacity. In particular the incineration of woody parts of the garden waste improved the environmental profile of the garden waste management significantly.

  4. A generalised background correction algorithm for a Halo Doppler lidar and its application to data from Finland

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Manninen, Antti J.; O'Connor, Ewan J.; Vakkari, Ville; Petäjä, Tuukka

    2016-03-03

    Current commercially available Doppler lidars provide an economical and robust solution for measuring vertical and horizontal wind velocities, together with the ability to provide co- and cross-polarised backscatter profiles. The high temporal resolution of these instruments allows turbulent properties to be obtained from studying the variation in radial velocities. However, the instrument specifications mean that certain characteristics, especially the background noise behaviour, become a limiting factor for the instrument sensitivity in regions where the aerosol load is low. Turbulent calculations require an accurate estimate of the contribution from velocity uncertainty estimates, which are directly related to the signal-to-noise ratio. Anymore » bias in the signal-to-noise ratio will propagate through as a bias in turbulent properties. In this paper we present a method to correct for artefacts in the background noise behaviour of commercially available Doppler lidars and reduce the signal-to-noise ratio threshold used to discriminate between noise, and cloud or aerosol signals. Lastly, we show that, for Doppler lidars operating continuously at a number of locations in Finland, the data availability can be increased by as much as 50 % after performing this background correction and subsequent reduction in the threshold. The reduction in bias also greatly improves subsequent calculations of turbulent properties in weak signal regimes.« less

  5. Fact #643: October 4, 2010 Four Cylinder Engine Installations...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom from 1999 to 2009. The total amount includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eire, Finland, France, Germany, ...

  6. Fast Start Financing | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    the government of the Netherlands, with support from the governments of Costa Rica, Colombia, Denmark, Germany, Indonesia, the Marshall Islands, Mexico, Norway, the United...

  7. Advancing strategic environmental assessment in the offshore oil and gas sector: Lessons from Norway, Canada, and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect

    Fidler, Courtney; Noble, Bram

    2012-04-15

    Abstract: Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) for offshore oil and gas planning and development is utilized in select international jurisdictions, but the sector has received limited attention in the SEA literature. While the potential benefits of and rationale for SEA are well argued, there have been few empirical studies of SEA processes for the offshore sector. Hence, little is known about the efficacy of SEA offshore, in particular its influence on planning and development decisions. This paper examines SEA practice and influence in three international offshore systems: Norway, Atlantic Canada and the United Kingdom, with the intent to identify the challenges, lessons and opportunities for advancing SEA in offshore planning and impact assessment. Results demonstrate that SEA can help inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project-based assessment in the offshore sector, however weak coordination between higher and lower tiers limit SEA's ability to influence planning and development decisions in a broad regional environmental and socioeconomic context. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SEA can inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project EA offshore Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Scope and deliverables of SEA offshore often differ from stakeholder expectations Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Considerable variability in influence of SEA output beyond licensing decisions Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sector-based SEA offshore is often too restrictive to generate expected benefits.

  8. AMF Deployment, Hyytiala, Finland

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    & Press BAECC Blog Backgrounder (PDF, 1.5MB) Poster (JPEG, 1.3MB) Education Flyer (English) (PDF, 1.3MB) Education Flyer (Finnish) (PDF, 1.3MB) Images Contacts Nicki Hickmon,...

  9. Utilization of Radiation Therapy in Norway After the Implementation of The National Cancer Plan—A National, Population-Based Study

    SciTech Connect

    Åsli, Linn M.; Kvaløy, Stein O.; Jetne, Vidar; Myklebust, Tor Å.; Levernes, Sverre G.; Tveit, Kjell M.; Green, Tor O.; Johannesen, Tom B.

    2014-11-01

    Purpose: To estimate actual utilization rates of radiation therapy (RT) in Norway, describe time trends (1997-2010), and compare these estimates with corresponding optimal RT rates. Methods and Materials: Data from the population-based Cancer Registry of Norway was used to identify all patients diagnosed with cancer and/or treated by RT for cancer in 1997-2010. Radiation therapy utilization rates (RURs) were calculated as (1) the proportion of incident cancer cases who received RT at least once within 1 year of diagnosis (RUR{sub 1Y}); and (2) the proportion who received RT within 5 years of diagnosis (RUR{sub 5Y}). The number of RT treatment courses per incident cancer case (TCI) was also calculated for all cancer sites combined. The actual RURs were compared with corresponding Australian and Canadian epidemiologic- and evidence-based model estimates and criterion-based benchmark estimates of optimal RURs. The TCIs were compared with TCI estimates from the 1997 Norwegian/National Cancer Plan (NCP). Joinpoint regression was used to identify changes in trends and to estimate annual percentage change (APC) in actual RUR{sub 1Y} and actual TCI. Results: The actual RUR{sub 5Y} (all sites) increased significantly to 29% in 2005 but still differed markedly from the Australian epidemiologic- and evidence-based model estimate of 48%. With the exception of RUR{sub 5Y} for breast cancer and RUR{sub 1Y} for lung cancers, all actual RURs were markedly lower than optimal RUR estimates. The actual TCI increased significantly during the study period, reaching 42.5% in 2010, but was still lower than the 54% recommended in the NCP. The trend for RUR{sub 1Y} (all sites) and TCI changed significantly, with the annual percentage change being largest during the first part of the study period. Conclusions: Utilization rates of RT in Norway increased after the NCP was implemented and RT capacity was increased, but they still seem to be lower than optimal levels.

  10. Applications for Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants in a Smart...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Private Wire Laws on the Development of CHP - Study of Security Aspects of Smart Grid ... Smart meter regulations in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Italy, France and Great Britain CHP is ...

  11. How should greenhouse gas emissions be taken into account in the decision making of municipal solid waste management procurements? A case study of the South Karelia region, Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Hupponen, M. Grönman, K.; Horttanainen, M.

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • Environmental criteria for the MSW incineration location procurements are needed. • Focus should be placed on annual energy efficiency and on substitute fuels. • In SRF combustion it is crucial to know the share and the treatment of rejects. • The GWP of transportation is a small part of the total emissions. - Abstract: The ongoing trend in the public sector is to make more sustainable procurements by taking into account the impacts throughout the entire life cycle of the procurement. Despite the trend, the only deciding factor can still be the total costs. This article answers the question of how greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions should be taken into account in municipal solid waste (MSW) management when selecting an incineration plant for source separated mixed MSW. The aim is to guide the decision making of MSW management towards more environmentally friendly procurements. The study was carried out by calculating the global warming potentials (GWPs) and costs of mixed MSW management by using the waste composition from a case area in Finland. Scenarios of landfilling and combustion in three actual waste incineration plants were used to recognise the main processes that affect the results. GWP results show that the combustion of mixed MSW is a better alternative than landfilling the waste. The GHG results from combustion are greatly affected by emissions from the combustion and substituted energy production. The significance of collection and transportation is higher from the costs’ perspective than from the point of view of GHG emissions. The main costs, in addition to collection and transportation costs, result from the energy utilization or landfilling of mixed MSW. When tenders are invited for the incineration location of mixed MSW, the main focus should be: What are the annual electricity and heat recovery efficiencies and which are the substituted fuels in the area? In addition, in the case of a fluidized bed combustor it is crucial to

  12. The effect of economical and technological measures to reduce CO{sub 2} emission from the offshore oil and gas industry in Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Henriksen, B.; Klausen, L.M.; Utseth, A.

    1995-12-31

    As of January 1991 a carbon tax of US$40 per ton of CO{sub 2} was levied on a large part of Norwegian emissions. The purpose of introducing the carbon tax was to encourage operators to limit, by year 2000, the total emissions of CO{sub 2} (both onshore and offshore) to a level not exceeding the 1989 figure of some 35 million ton CO{sub 2}. Today`s tax is US$50 per ton CO{sub 2} However, four years of heavy CO{sub 2} taxation has proved to Norway that national CO{sub 2} emission targets have not been achieved through taxation. CO{sub 2} emissions have, in fact, increased by several percent since 1992. The increase may be in the order of 13% from 1989 to 2000 unless more efficient measures are brought into play The offshore oil and natural gas industry is responsible for approximately 23% of Norwegian CO{sub 2} emissions and for much of the increase experienced from 1989 to date. Consequently there is considerable pressure to reduce the emissions, or rather to curtail the increased emissions. Ministry of the Environment has been concerned about the influence of the carbon tax on emission from the petroleum production on the Norwegian Continental Shelf In 1994 the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate started a project to study this matter. The objective of this project was to analyses the possible short- and long-term effects of higher carbon taxes on the CO{sub 2} emission level, as well as on the production level, in the Norwegian petroleum sector.

  13. Scandia Wind Southwest LLC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    partners include; Alpha Wind Energy Aps of Denmark and Havgul clean energy AS of Norway. Coordinates: 44.457965, -88.545764 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  14. Energi E2 A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    company which owns and operates CHP-based power stations in Denmark, hydroelectric power plants in Sweden and Norway as well as wind assets in Sweden, Greece and Spain....

  15. Oral administration of drugs with hypersensitivity potential induces germinal center hyperplasia in secondary lymphoid organ/tissue in Brown Norway rats, and this histological lesion is a promising candidate as a predictive biomarker for drug hypersensitivity occurrence in humans

    SciTech Connect

    Tamura, Akitoshi Miyawaki, Izuru; Yamada, Toru; Kimura, Juki; Funabashi, Hitoshi

    2013-08-15

    It is important to evaluate the potential of drug hypersensitivity as well as other adverse effects during the preclinical stage of the drug development process, but validated methods are not available yet. In the present study we examined whether it would be possible to develop a new predictive model of drug hypersensitivity using Brown Norway (BN) rats. As representative drugs with hypersensitivity potential in humans, phenytoin (PHT), carbamazepine (CBZ), amoxicillin (AMX), and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) were orally administered to BN rats for 28 days to investigate their effects on these animals by examinations including observation of clinical signs, hematology, determination of serum IgE levels, histology, and flow cytometric analysis. Skin rashes were not observed in any animals treated with these drugs. Increases in the number of circulating inflammatory cells and serum IgE level did not necessarily occur in the animals treated with these drugs. However, histological examination revealed that germinal center hyperplasia was commonly induced in secondary lymphoid organs/tissues in the animals treated with these drugs. In cytometric analysis, changes in proportions of lymphocyte subsets were noted in the spleen of the animals treated with PHT or CBZ during the early period of administration. The results indicated that the potential of drug hypersensitivity was identified in BN rat by performing histological examination of secondary lymphoid organs/tissues. Data obtained herein suggested that drugs with hypersensitivity potential in humans gained immune reactivity in BN rat, and the germinal center hyperplasia induced by administration of these drugs may serve as a predictive biomarker for drug hypersensitivity occurrence. - Highlights: • We tested Brown Norway rats as a candidate model for predicting drug hypersensitivity. • The allergic drugs did not induce skin rash, whereas D-penicillamine did so in the rats. • Some of allergic drugs increased

  16. Analysis of international efforts in energy research and development

    SciTech Connect

    Rezaiyan, A.J.; Gill, R.T.

    1995-09-01

    Research and experimental development comprise innovative and creative work undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge of science, engineering, and society. This knowledge reserve is used to improve living conditions and standards, including economic growth. Research and development (R&D) expenditures are useful measures of the scale and direction of technological innovation within a country, industry, or scientific field. Administrators concerned with economic growth and performance rely on R&D statistics as one possible type of indicator of technological change. R&D statistics are an essential tool in many government programs and evaluations (OECD 1993). The objective of the analysis was to identify and evaluate R&D funding sources, levels, and trends in the energy sectors of selected industrialized countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States) and the European Union (EU). Fossil fuel technologies, particularly fuel cells and advanced gas turbines, were the focus of the analysis, whose results are presented in this report.

  17. Energy conservation and electricity sector liberalization: Case-studies on the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect

    Slingerland, S.

    1998-07-01

    In this paper, the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom are compared. It is discussed to what extent these developments are determined by the liberalization process. Three key liberalization variables are identified: unbundling, privatization and introduction of competition. The analysis suggests that unbundling prior to introduction of full competition in generation is particularly successful in stimulating industrial cogeneration; simultaneous introduction of competition and unbundling mainly stimulates non-cogeneration gas-based capacity; and introduction of competition in itself is likely to impede the development of district-heating cogeneration. Furthermore, it is argued that development of wind energy and demand-side management are primarily dependent on the kind of support system set up by policy makers rather than on the liberalization process. Negative impacts of introduction of competition on integrated resource planning and commercial energy services could nevertheless be expected.

  18. Organotin intake through fish consumption in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Airaksinen, Riikka; Rantakokko, Panu; Turunen, Anu W.; Vartiainen, Terttu; Vuorinen, Pekka J.; Lappalainen, Antti; Vihervuori, Aune; Mannio, Jaakko; Hallikainen, Anja

    2010-08-15

    Background: Organotin compounds (OTCs) are a large class of synthetic chemicals with widely varying properties. Due to their potential adverse health effects, their use has been restricted in many countries. Humans are exposed to OTCs mostly through fish consumption. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe OTC exposure through fish consumption and to assess the associated potential health risks in a Finnish population. Methods: An extensive sampling of Finnish domestic fish was carried out in the Baltic Sea and freshwater areas in 2005-2007. In addition, samples of imported seafood were collected in 2008. The chemical analysis was performed in an accredited testing laboratory during 2005-2008. Average daily intake of the sum of dibutyltin (DBT), tributyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPhT) and dioctyltin (DOT) ({Sigma}OTCs) for the Finnish population was calculated on the basis of the measured concentrations and fish consumption rates. Results: The average daily intake of {Sigma}OTCs through fish consumption was 3.2 ng/kg bw day{sup -1}, which is 1.3% from the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) of 250 ng/kg bw day{sup -1} set by the European Food Safety Authority. In total, domestic wild fish accounted for 61% of the {Sigma}OTC intake, while the intake through domestic farmed fish was 4.0% and the intake through imported fish was 35%. The most important species were domestic perch and imported salmon and rainbow trout. Conclusions: The Finnish consumers are not likely to exceed the threshold level for adverse health effects due to OTC intake through fish consumption.

  19. U.S. LNG Imports from Norway

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    26,014 15,175 6,212 5,627 5,616 12,194 2007-2015 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices 5.21 5.97 2.83 14.85 4.47 8.56

  20. Norway: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Natural Gas Reserves 2,313,000,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 17 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves 6,680,000,000 Barrels (bbl) 21 2010 CIA World Factbook Energy Maps featuring...

  1. U.S. LNG Imports from Norway

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,037 1,037 1,034 1,034 1,034 1,037 2012-2016 (BTU per Cubic Foot)

    Electric Power Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) U.S. Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,025 1,027 1,028 1,028 1,027 1,027 1,025 2010's 1,022 1,021 1,022 1,025 1,029 1,035 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  2. Long-term affected energy production of waste to energy technologies identified by use of energy system analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Muenster, M.; Meibom, P.

    2010-12-15

    Affected energy production is often decisive for the outcome of consequential life-cycle assessments when comparing the potential environmental impact of products or services. Affected energy production is however difficult to determine. In this article the future long-term affected energy production is identified by use of energy system analysis. The focus is on different uses of waste for energy production. The Waste-to-Energy technologies analysed include co-combustion of coal and waste, anaerobic digestion and thermal gasification. The analysis is based on optimization of both investments and production of electricity, district heating and bio-fuel in a future possible energy system in 2025 in the countries of the Northern European electricity market (Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Germany). Scenarios with different CO{sub 2} quota costs are analysed. It is demonstrated that the waste incineration continues to treat the largest amount of waste. Investments in new waste incineration capacity may, however, be superseded by investments in new Waste-to-Energy technologies, particularly those utilising sorted fractions such as organic waste and refuse derived fuel. The changed use of waste proves to always affect a combination of technologies. What is affected varies among the different Waste-to-Energy technologies and is furthermore dependent on the CO{sub 2} quota costs and on the geographical scope. The necessity for investments in flexibility measures varies with the different technologies such as storage of heat and waste as well as expansion of district heating networks. Finally, inflexible technologies such as nuclear power plants are shown to be affected.

  3. Stirling Denmark Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    biomass-fueled Stirling engines for power generation with zero CO2 impact. Coordinates: 56.866669, 8.31667 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemap...

  4. Randers, Denmark: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2615006 Coordinates 56.46667, 10.05 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3"...

  5. Denmark: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    MWhyear 143 2008 NREL Coal Reserves Unavailable Million Short Tons NA 2008 EIA Natural Gas Reserves 61,300,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 62 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves...

  6. EERE European Partnerships and Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    European Partnerships and Projects EERE European Partnerships and Projects The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) engages through regional partnerships, as well as bilaterally with individual countries in the European region. In addition to the regional partnerships described below, EERE Technology Offices engage in bilateral research partnerships with countries in Europe, including Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania,

  7. Global warming: A geothermal evidence from northern Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Bodri, L.

    1996-12-31

    The greatest potential climatic changes induced by an increasing greenhouse effect are expected to occur in the high latitudes. Due to the great natural climatic variability in such areas, it is difficult to detect the greenhouse signal from meteorologic records. A reliable documentation of climate changes requires the examining of all available climatic records. In present study, temperature-depth profiles from two Finnish boreholes from over the Arctic circle have been considered to reconstruct ground surface temperature histories. The holes have been carefully selected to exclude any possible disturbances from underground water circulation, and to minimize the human effects as completely as possible. Both boreholes indicate continuous warming by {approximately}1--1.5 K through the last hundred years. The rate of warming increases from about the 1960`s. The results are in good agreement with those obtained for the Alaskan Arctic in a similar study by Lachenbruch and Marshall.

  8. U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    more than 1,197M each day on crude oil imports* * Cellulosic ethanol displaces light ... catechol Lignin monomers Uncommon peaks Methanol, acetal group Extractives PC1: 66% of ...

  9. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Finland) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    technical and nontechnical barriers that prevent a massive deployment of distributed energy resources (DER) in Europe. In partnership with manufacturers, research organizations,...

  10. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  11. Summary report of first and foreign high-level waste repository concepts; Technical report, working draft 001

    SciTech Connect

    Hanke, P.M.

    1987-11-04

    Reference repository concepts designs adopted by domestic and foreign waste disposal programs are reviewed. Designs fall into three basic categories: deep borehole from the surface; disposal in boreholes drilled from underground excavations; and disposal in horizontal tunnels or drifts. The repository concepts developed in Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Canada, France, Japan, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Denmark, West Germany and the United States are described. 140 refs., 315 figs., 19 tabs.

  12. Norway eclipses U. K. in North Sea oil flow

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-09-02

    This paper reports that despite new internal rankings, the North Sea has maintained its position as the world's fourth largest oil producing province behind the Middle East, the Soviet Union, and the U.S. Average production remains 3.7-4 million b/d. During 1991, however, sources of production within the total have shifted significantly. Britain no longer tops the North Sea production table. Early this year, major offshore shutdowns required for installation of mandatory safety equipment slashed production. At the same time, Norwegian output remained just below 1.95 million b/d, exceeding flow from neighboring U.K. waters for the first time since the mid- 1970s.

  13. Suzlon Energy Wind A S Denmark | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Danish subsidiary is also the head quarters for international operations. Coordinates: 56.153005, 10.204525 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlem...

  14. (Environmental impact assessment as applied to policies, plans and programs)

    SciTech Connect

    Sigal, L.L.

    1990-10-19

    A proposal to study the application of the principles of environmental impact assessment (EIA) to policy, plans, and programs was submitted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the Senior Advisors on Environmental and Water Problems of the United Nations Economic Commission. On approval, EPA asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to support its efforts as lead participant on an international task force. ORNL is responsible for overall project management, including development of the report. At the first meeting in Geneva on June 18--19, there were representatives from Austria, Canada, Finland, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The administrative/legal setting for EIA in each country was reviewed. The objectives of the task force were defined, and issues related to the application of EIA at the policy level were discussed. At the second meeting, in addition to those countries represented at the first meeting the Commission of Economic Communities, Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, Remark, Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, and The Netherlands were represented. A brief review was given by the new participants of legal/administrative requirements for EIA in their countries. Case studies were presented by Canada, Finland, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United States.

  15. Current Status of the Nuclear Waste Management Programme in Finland - 13441

    SciTech Connect

    Lehto, Kimmo; Vuorio, Petteri

    2013-07-01

    Pursuant to the Decision-in-Principle of 2001 the Finnish programme for geologic disposal of spent fuel has now moved to the phase of applying for construction licence to build up the encapsulation plant and underground repository. The main objective of former programme phase, underground characterisation phase, was to confirm - or refute - the suitability of the Olkiluoto site by investigations conducted underground at the actual depth of the repository. The construction work of the access tunnel to the rock characterisation facility (ONKALO) started in the late summer of 2004. The site research and investigations work aimed at the maturity needed for submission of the application for construction license of the actual repository in end of 2012. This requires, however, that also the technology has reached the maturity needed. The design and technical plans form the necessary platform for the development of the safety case for spent fuel disposal. A plan, 'road map', has been produced for the portfolio of reports that demonstrates the safety of disposal as required by the criteria set by the government and further detailed by the safety authority, STUK. (authors)

  16. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Million Cubic...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 14,882 29,327 2010's 26,014 15,175 6,212 5,627 5,616 12,194

  17. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 2,973 2,944 0 3,034 0 0 2,863 0 0 0 3,067 2009 2,965 6,000 2,894 5,880 2,911 2,906 5,771 0 0 0 0 0 2010 5,820 5,888 5,765 2,813 0 0 0 0 0 5,728 0 0 2011 2,909 5,810 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,900 0 3,556 2012 0 3,286 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,927 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,709 2,918 0 0 0 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,621 0 2,995 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5,992 3,097 3,105 2016 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

  18. DOE Study Monitors Carbon Dioxide Storage in Norway's Offshore Sleipner Gas Field

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In a newly awarded project, researchers funded by the U.S. Department of Energy are partnering with European scientists to track injected carbon dioxide in the world's first and longest running carbon storage operation located at the Sleipner gas field in the North Sea.

  19. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2008 -- 8.64 9.64 -- 12.18 -- -- 9.95 -- -- -- 7.44 2009 6.63 4.84 4.38 3.92 3.59 3.82 4.27 -- -- -- -- -- 2010 6.27 5.69 5.21 4.15 -- -- -- -- -- 4.15 -- -- 2011 4.56 4.67 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.06 -- 10.81 2012 -- 2.33 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 3.40 2013 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 14.85 14.85 -- -- -- 2014 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.30 -- 4.62 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

  20. U.S.-Norway Conference Focuses on Advancing Carbon Capture and...

    Energy Saver

    meeting focused on carbon capture and storage (CCS) - the process of capturing and ... part of the president's plan to address climate change and secure America's energy future. ...

  1. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (Dollars...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 9.56 4.45 2010's 5.21 5.97 2.83 14.85 4.47...

  2. Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Norway ...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 9.56 4.45 2010's 5.21 4.49 -- -- 4.47...

  3. Environmental Microbiology team capability relevant to Arctic climate change studies - Dogliani Norway visit

    SciTech Connect

    Kuske, Cheryl R.

    2012-08-31

    The goal is for ecosystem measurements combined with modeled changes in landscape dynamics, to estimate impacts of warming, subsequent ecosystem responses and feedbacks on atmospheric carbon.

  4. Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Norway ...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.56 4.67 4.06 2014 4.30 4.62 2015 2.13 2.31

  5. The impact of CO{sub 2} taxation on oil and gas production in Norway

    SciTech Connect

    Celius, H.K.; Ingeberg, K.

    1996-12-31

    This paper analyses the effect of the CO{sub 2} tax which was imposed on the burning of gas in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea, effective in 1991. The introduction of the tax resulted in a number of technical improvements aimed at the reduction of flaring, and increased energy efficiency of the power generation and total production process. An economic analysis was done to establish the following: (1) How did the tax affect the profitability of the technical measures which were implemented did the tax make it profitable, or would it have been profitable without the tax; (2) can we expect improvements to continue in the coming years; and (3) what will be the impact on the development of new fields, on field abandonment and on measures to improve oil recovery how much more oil will be left in the reservoir because of the tax. The first task was analyzed by an empirical approach, the latter based on models. The reduction in CO{sub 2} discharge during 1990-1993 was in the order of 8%, the main contribution came from reduction in flaring. This rate of improvement is not expected to continue, since most processes have been brought up to {open_quotes}state-of-the-art{close_quotes} by during these initial years. However, continuous energy optimization is still expected to give some improvements The majority of the technical measures taken to reduce the CO{sub 2} discharge proved to be profitable without the tax, and no unprofitable measures were implemented. The effect of earlier abandonment of fields is smaller than expected, advancing the abandonment by a few weeks for a typical North Sea field. The same seems to be the case for development of new fields. The additional reserves needed to compensate for the tax is in the order of 3 - 4% for a medium GOR oil field, above 5% for a larger gas field.

  6. Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Norway (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 10.81 2.83 -- -- --

  7. Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Norway (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 10.81 2012 2.33 3.40

  8. Freeport, TX LNG Imports (Price) from Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's -- 14.85 --

  9. Freeport, TX LNG Imports (Price) from Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 14.85 14.85 2015

  10. The best news for LPG in Denmark is diesel conversion breakthrough

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    Throughout Scandanavia, taxes seem to drive the marketplace. Governments do not want to encourage consumption of alcoholic beverages, so they tax them heavily, thereby actually discouraging their use. Using the same means, they dictate the fate of the various fuels. Taxes have depressed propane's use to a large extent; today it is priced at three times natural gas, with the result that it accounts for only 0.5%-0.7% of total energy consumption. But, this paper reports on a potential new star that has appeared on the horizon, as participants in the People-to-People sojourn to Scandanavia last August learned. It's a program of converting diesel buses to propane, and officials of the company that is marketing it, Skibby Motor A/S, are so confident of its success that they have already begun a campaign of introducing it to the U.S.

  11. EcoGrid Denmark, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    term technologies and market solutions for power systems with increased share of distributed generation and renewable energy sources while maintaining the reliability of...

  12. A J

    Energy Saver

    ... Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, ... Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, ...

  13. Occupational hygiene in terms of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and bioaerosols at two solid waste management plants in Finland

    SciTech Connect

    Lehtinen, Jenni; Tolvanen, Outi; Nivukoski, Ulla; Veijanen, Anja; Hnninen, Kari

    2013-04-15

    Highlights: ? Odorous VOCs: acetic acid, 2,3-butanedione, ethyl acetate, alpha-pinene and limonene. ? VOC concentrations did not exceed occupational exposure limit concentrations. ? 2,3-Butanedione as the health effecting compound is discussed. ? Endotoxin concentrations may cause health problems in waste treatment. - Abstract: Factors affecting occupational hygiene were measured at the solid waste transferring plant at Hyvink and at the optic separation plant in Hmeenlinna. Measurements consisted of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and bioaerosols including microbes, dust and endotoxins. The most abundant compounds in both of the plants were aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, esters of carboxylic acids, ketones and terpenes. In terms of odour generation, the most important emissions were acetic acid, 2,3-butanedione, ethyl acetate, alpha-pinene and limonene due to their low threshold odour concentrations. At the optic waste separation plant, limonene occurred at the highest concentration of all single compounds of identified VOCs. The concentration of any single volatile organic compound did not exceed the occupational exposure limit (OEL) concentration. However, 2,3-butanedione as a health risk compound is discussed based on recent scientific findings linking it to lung disease. Microbe and dust concentrations were low at the waste transferring plant. Only endotoxin concentrations may cause health problems; the average concentration inside the plant was 425 EU/m{sup 3} which clearly exceeded the threshold value of 90 EU/m{sup 3}. In the wheel loader cabin the endotoxin concentrations were below 1 EU/m{sup 3}. High microbial and endotoxin concentrations were measured in the processing hall at the optic waste separation plant. The average concentration of endotoxins was found to be 10,980 EU/m{sup 3}, a concentration which may cause health risks. Concentrations of viable fungi were quite high in few measurements in the control room. The most problematic factor was endotoxins whose average measured concentrations was 4853 EU/m{sup 3}.

  14. Transitions to alternative energy systems - entrepreneurs, new technologies, and social change

    SciTech Connect

    Baumgartner, T.; Burns, T.R.

    1984-01-01

    This book offers a comparative analysis of seven case studies that provide insight into the factors that have facilitated or blocked the emergence of alternative energy production and use systems. The authors suggest that the actors (public or private, individual or collective) who provide information and know-how are extremely important in determining the speed with which a new energy technology is adopted. They stress the importance of incorporating legal, organizational, institutional, and social factors with economic and technical considerations in planning and managing the energy transition process. The case studies analysed are: solar branch development in Israel; solar water heating in California; wind energy in Denmark; heat pump use in the Federal Republic of Germany; geothermal electricity in California; wood for industrial energy in northern New England; peat for energy in Finland.

  15. NREL Case Study Leads to International Partnership (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2013-12-01

    In 2012, NREL analysts produced a case study, "Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience," which drew upon dozens of interviews with international experts involved in crafting effective policies and markets. The report proposed a cross-cutting initiative to transform the world's power systems by implementing two complementary strategies: the large‐scale deployment of renewable energy, and a combination of comprehensive energy efficiency and smarter grids. This recommendation led to the launch of the 21st Century Power Partnership in April 2012, and its membership has since grown to include Denmark, Finland, Germany, India, Mexico, Spain, and the United States. NREL, together with its affiliated Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis, are the operating agents.

  16. January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Materials | OSTI, US Dept...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Denmark); Mijatovic, N; Traeholt, C; Pedersen, N F; Oestergaard, J Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Noergaard, ...

  17. Eltek Valere | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Eltek Valere Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eltek Valere Place: Norway Sector: Renewable Energy Product: A Norway-based member of the Eltek Group, this company manufactures...

  18. Statoil formerly StatoilHydro | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Stavanger, Norway Zip: N-4035 Sector: Hydro, Renewable Energy Product: Norway-based oil and gas company. StatoilHydro(tm)s New Energy business unit involves renewable...

  19. ScanArc ASA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: ScanArc ASA Place: Hoyanger, Norway Product: Norway-based firm that provides advice on and develops processes and applications of plasma energy....

  20. Evaluating Exhaust Emission Performance of Urban Buses Using Transient Heavy-Duty Chassis Dynamometer

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

  1. Wave Star Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Star Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wave Star Energy Place: Denmark Zip: DK-2920 Product: Denmark-based private wave device developer. References: Wave Star Energy1...

  2. Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    regulation effect Country Denmark Headquarters Location Thisted, Denmark Coordinates 56.959167, 8.703492 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","typ...

  3. European Energy A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Denmark Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Denmark-based independent power producer group specializing in renewable energy. The firm's main focus is on the...

  4. Fritz Schur Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Denmark Zip: 2860 Sector: Wind energy Product: Denmark-based supplier of complete hydraulic control solutions to the energy industry, specifically wind energy. Coordinates:...

  5. Wave Dragon ApS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Denmark Country: Denmark Zip: DK-2200 Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Product: Wave energy converter development company. Has patented the Wave Dragon, an offshore floating...

  6. The microscopic structure of charge density waves in underdoped...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of Liverpool, Liverpool (United Kingdom) Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada) Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark) Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), ...

  7. Sandia Energy Infrastructure Assurance

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection Experiments in Denmark http:energy.sandia.govsandia-wind-turbine-blade-flaw-detection-experiments-in-denmark http:energy.sandia.gov...

  8. HOMEe | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search Name: HOMEe Place: Denmark Product: Denmark-based maker of home automation products, including devices to manage lighting and climate. References: HOMEe1...

  9. Floating Power Plant A S FPP | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Power Plant A S FPP Jump to: navigation, search Name: Floating Power Plant AS (FPP) Address: Stenholtsvej 27 Place: Fredensborg, Denmark Zip: DK-3480 Region: Denmark Sector: Wind...

  10. Danionics A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: DK-1471 Product: An international manufacturer of advanced lithium-ion polymer batteries with activities in Denmark (R&D and sales), China...

  11. EcoGrid EU (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    EU (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EcoGrid EU Country Denmark Headquarters Location Bornholm, Denmark Coordinates 55.160427, 14.866884 Loading...

  12. Merchant Green | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Green Jump to: navigation, search Name: Merchant Green Place: Holstebro, Denmark Zip: DK7500 Sector: Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product: Denmark-based market intelligence firm...

  13. Baltic Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Baltic Energy Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Baltic Energy Group Place: Jyllinge, Denmark Zip: DK 4040 Sector: Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product: Denmark-based...

  14. CT Offshore | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: CT Offshore Place: Otterup, Denmark Zip: 5450 Sector: Wind energy Product: Denmark-based consultancy which provides assistance for project...

  15. RAcell Solar AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    AS Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: 1820 Sector: Solar Product: Denmark based producer of solar cells and modules; also provides turnkey system installation for PV and BIPV....

  16. Chernobyl bibliography

    SciTech Connect

    Carr, F. Jr.; Mahaffey, J.A.

    1989-09-01

    The purpose of the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database project is to create and maintain an information system to provide usable information for research studies related to the nuclear accident. The system is the official United States repository for information about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences, and currently includes an extensive bibliography and diverse radiological measurements with supporting information. PNL has established two resources: original (not summarized) measurement data, currently about 80,000 measurements, with ancillary information; and about 2,200 bibliographic citations, some including abstracts. Major organizations that have contributed radiological measurement data include the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services; United States Environmental Protection Agency (domestic and foreign data); United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Stone Webster; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Commissariat A L'energie Atomique in France; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the United Kingdom; Japan National Institute of Radiological Sciences; and the Finnish Centre For Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK). Scientists in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Wales, and Yugoslavia have made contributions. Bibliographic materials have been obtained from scientists in the above countries that have replied to requests. In addition, literature searches have been conducted, including a search of the DOE Energy Database. The last search was conducted in January, 1989. This document lists the bibliographic information in the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database at the current time.

  17. First oilfields of the Central and Northern North Sea

    SciTech Connect

    Swarbrick, R.E. ); Martin, J.A. )

    1991-03-01

    Only 25 years ago the areas now termed the Central and Northern North Sea were the true frontier exploration basins. Stratigraphy and structure were essentially unknown, except inferences drawn from the Mesozoic outcrops of Britain and Denmark. At that time the majority of small British onshore oil fields were reservoired in Paleozoic strata. In the Central North Sea, oil was first discovered in Paleocene deep-water sandstone and Upper Cretaceous chalk reservoirs. The first commercial reserves were proven with the discovery of the Ekofisk field (Upper Cretaceous) in 1969 and Forties field (Paleocene) in 1970, both now classed as giants. Subsequently stratigraphically deeper reservoirs were established, including Jurassic sandstones (Piper field) and Permian carbonates and sandstones (Auk and Argyll fields). Diversity of trap type and reservoir age is now a hallmark of the Central North Sea basin. In the Northern North Sea, the first exploration well in 1971 on the Brent field structure, a true wildcat whose nearest UK well control was 320 mi to the south, found oil in Middle Jurassic deltaic sandstones. A spate of discoveries on similar tilted fault blocks with Middle Jurassic and underlying Triassic alluvial-fluvial sandstone targets followed. Later, Upper Jurassic deep-water sandstones became established as a further significant reservoir with the Brae field and Magnus field discoveries. Original seismic data, well prognoses, and structure maps tell the story of these early discoveries. Public response in Norway and the UK to the emergence of the North Sea oil province on their doorstep will be reviewed.

  18. Tracing the HIV-1 subtype B mobility in Europe: a phylogeographic approach

    SciTech Connect

    Leitner, Thomas; Paraskevis, D; Pybus, O; Magiorkinis, G; Hatzakis, A

    2008-01-01

    The prevalence and the origin of HIV-1 subtype B, the most prevalent circulating clade among the long-term residents in Europe, have been studied extensively. However the spatial diffusion of the epidemic from the perspective of the virus has not previously been traced. In the current study we inferred the migration history of HIV-1 subtype B by way of a phylogeography of viral sequences sampled from 16 European countries and Israel. Migration events were inferred from viral phylogenies by character reconstruction using parsimony. With regard to the spatial dispersal of the HIV subtype B sequences across viral phylogenies, in most of the countries in Europe the epidemic was introduced by multiple sources and subsequently spread within local networks. Poland provides an exception where most of the infections were the result of a single point introduction. According to the significant migratory pathways, we show that there are considerable differences across Europe. Specifically, Greece, Portugal, Serbia and Spain, provide sources shedding HIV-1; Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg, on the other hand, are migratory targets, while for Denmark, Germany, Italy, Israel, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK we inferred significant bidirectional migration. For Poland no significant migratory pathways were inferred. Subtype B phylogeographies provide a new insight about the geographical distribution of viral lineages, as well as the significant pathways of virus dispersal across Europe, suggesting that intervention strategies should also address tourists, travellers and migrants.

  19. Suntrica Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Tampere, Finland Zip: 33100 Product: Finland-based manufacturer of thin-film PV battery chargers. References: Suntrica Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  20. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Norway " ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. LNG Imports from Norway ...

  1. MHK Projects/SEEWEC Consortium Brevik NO | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    a complete laboratory platform at a 1:3 scale at the Brevik shipyard in Norway. The prototype was launched in the sea in February 2005 off the southern coast of Norway. The...

  2. Racine County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Park, Wisconsin Franksville, Wisconsin Mount Pleasant, Wisconsin North Bay, Wisconsin Norway, Wisconsin Racine, Wisconsin Raymond, Wisconsin Rochester, Wisconsin Sturtevant,...

  3. Kyoto and liberalization ongoing transformation of the energy market

    SciTech Connect

    Minett, S.

    1998-07-01

    COGEN Europe believes that the single most important influence on the electricity sector in the future will be the policy response to climate change and that cogeneration offers one of the very best, prospects for cutting emissions in the power sector. In the EU, cogeneration was put at the head of the list of Policies and Measures laid down before Kyoto as the means of achieving its then progressive target of a 15% reduction in emissions by 2010 over 1990. COGEN Europe has estimated that EU-15 as a whole could reach a 30% cogeneration share of total electricity production by 2010. Indeed, three of the 15 countries have already reached 30% (Denmark, The Netherlands and Finland). On a conservative basis this would save 221 Mt of CO{sub 2}/yr by 2010, or 46% of the EU 15% negotiating target agreed in 1997. This also represents 30% of the 'gap' between the achievement of the 15% target and the 8% increase in emissions anticipated for 2010 in the absence of abatement measures. Most, if not all, of these savings would be based on zero or negative cost investments. COGEN Europe supports the trend towards liberalization and the European Commission's efforts to introduce competition into electricity and gas markets for the simple reason that they provide the best means to remove market and monopoly barriers to the development of high efficiency cogeneration. This paper presents a COGEN Europe vision for meeting and overcoming the challenges of global climate change - and some suggestions for governments which can help them achieve that elusive double dividend: environmental improvement and economic competitiveness. Governments should: where possible use the market to achieve your environmental objectives; avoid detailed regulation; avoid subsidizing pollution; set clear and ambitious CO{sub 2} objectives; redouble political pressure to achieve international consensus on internalization of environmental costs.

  4. 2016 Bioenergizeme Infographic Challenge: Transportation Sustainability

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Denmark-Olar High School in Denmark, SC, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic...

  5. 2016 Bioenergizeme Infographic Challenge: Roads to Success

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Denmark-Olar High in Denmark , SC, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic...

  6. 2016 Bioenergizeme Infographic Challenge: History in the Making

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Denmark-Olar High in Denmark , SC, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic...

  7. WPD Danmark A S i G | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Danmark A S i G Jump to: navigation, search Name: WPD Danmark AS (i.G.) Place: Rdekro, Denmark Zip: 6230 Sector: Wind energy Product: Denmark-based, subsidiary of WDP AG...

  8. Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union,...

  9. xMDFF: molecular dynamics flexible fitting of low-resolution...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Country of Publication: Denmark Language: English Subject: 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ATOMS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; CRYSTALS; ...

  10. AW Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: AW Energy Address: Lars Sonckin kaari 16 Place: Espoo Zip: FI-02600 Region: Finland Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +358 9 7262404...

  11. International Collaboration Activities in Different Geologic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (10 project partners)in URLs of France (Tournemire), Japan (Horonobe), ... and Research (BMWi); ANDRA of France, and possibly with Belgium, Japan, and Finland. ...

  12. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 14, 1988

    SciTech Connect

    1988-03-14

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Libya, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Austria, Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland.

  13. Wind and Water Materials and Structures Database Download

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & ... Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia ...

  14. file://\\\\Bellview\\TeamWorks\\TRUTeamWorks.htm

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... WIPP has a lot to offer the nuclear waste management industry. Last year, WIPP hosted 95 foreign visitors from Finland, China, South Korea, Japan, Sweden, Canda, Germany , France ...

  15. OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    714271111,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India,...

  16. T

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    It was interesting to listen to the different perspectives from different parts of the world, including Finland, Sweden, China, Canada, Ja- pan, Germany, Belgium, France, and many ...

  17. Slide 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... 2006) * Sweden, Switzerland, Belgium, U.K., Canada, US (WIPP) - Other Countries * Germany, Japan, Finland, France, South Korea, Spain, Netherlands 5 June 3, 2014 FEP Analysis ...

  18. East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Guinea Estonia Finland France Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan ...

  19. Deputy Secretary Poneman's Remarks at a Conference Hosted by...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... over 60 new reactors under construction in more than a dozen countries around the world, including in European countries like Finland, France, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine. ...

  20. Heavy Duty Vehicle In-Use Emission Performance | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Heavy Duty Vehicle In-Use Emission Performance Heavy Duty Vehicle In-Use Emission Performance 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland ...

  1. Braggone Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Braggone Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Braggone Ltd Place: Oulu, Finland Zip: FIN-90570 Product: Finnish optoelectronics manufacturer which makes anti-reflective coatings...

  2. Poyry Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Poyry Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Poyry Group Place: Vantaa, Finland Zip: 1621 Product: Vantaa-based consulting and engineering firm, specialising in issues regarding...

  3. ARM - Publications Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The 2014 ARM Annual Report features the second ARM Mobile Facility in Hyytil, Finland. The 2014 ARM Annual Report features the second ARM Mobile Facility in Hyytil,...

  4. Naps Systems Oy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Naps Systems Oy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Naps Systems Oy Place: Vantaa, Finland Zip: 1510 Sector: Solar Product: Naps provides solar electricity solutions that range from...

  5. Beneq Oy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Beneq Oy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Beneq Oy Place: Vantaa, Finland Zip: 1510 Product: Finnish manufacturer of various coating equipment such as CVD system for glass....

  6. Haminan Energia Oy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: Haminan Energia Oy Place: Hamina, Finland Zip: 49400 Sector: Services, Solar, Wind energy Product: String representation "Haminan Energia ... ergy equipment." is too...

  7. ARM - Data Announcements Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in Hyytil, Finland, from February through September 2014, and Manacapuru, Brazil, from January through December 2014. Evaluation data have been previously shared for...

  8. Sinvent AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Sinvent AS Place: Norway Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Subsidiary Division ) References: Sinvent AS1 This...

  9. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. c) North Sea includes offshore supply from...

  10. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  11. Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  12. Oxford County, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Oxford, Maine Norway, Maine Otisfield, Maine Oxford, Maine Paris, Maine Peru, Maine Porter, Maine Roxbury, Maine Rumford, Maine South Oxford, Maine South Paris, Maine Stoneham,...

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russia Rwanda...

  14. Category:Countries | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea Northern Mariana Islands Norway O Oman P Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Q Qatar R Republic of Macedonia...

  15. LUG 2015 | Registration

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian Territory, Occupied Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian...

  16. Utility Rate Database | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian Territories Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Islands Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia...

  17. Video: “Deep Heat” Explains Geothermal Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    ScienceNordic, a website that covers science news from Nordic countries in English, has a new short video featuring geothermal energy in Norway, Iceland, Tuscany and beyond.

  18. Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tidal Energy Technology AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS Address: PO Box 399 Place: Harstad Zip: 9484 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and...

  19. Tidal Sails AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sails AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tidal Sails AS Address: Standgaten 130 Place: Haugesund Zip: 5531 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +32 474 98...

  20. Sarsia Seed Management | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sarsia Seed Management Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sarsia Seed Management Place: Norway Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private ...

  1. Guyana REDD+ Investment Fund (GRIF) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guyana REDD+ Investment Fund (GRIF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Guyana REDD+ Investment Fund (GRIF) AgencyCompany Organization Government of Norway, Government of Guyana...

  2. MultiPower ASA Formerly Jumpit ASA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Oslo, Norway Zip: N-0117 Product: Norwegian firm focused on the development of batteries, both rechargeable and disposable. Coordinates: 59.91228, 10.74998 Show Map...

  3. DE-FE0003060 | netl.doe.gov

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Performers Stiftelsen GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway Funding Institutions United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Statoil Schlumberger United States Department of Energy (USDOE) ...

  4. Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... students from Norway's University of Stavanger. * STORE hosted a visit from Tim Dixon of the International Energy Agency's Greenhouse Gas Research and Development Programme. ...

  5. Novus Energy Partners | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Novus Energy Partners Place: Alexandria, Virginia Zip: 22314 Product: Virginia and Norway-based investment fund focused on emerging companies in the new energy industry....

  6. Pelagic Power AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Pelagic Power AS Address: LIV bygget Place: Vanvikan Zip: N-7125 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: www.pelagicpower.com This company is listed...

  7. Norsun AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Norsun AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Norsun AS Place: Oslo, Norway Zip: NO-0151 Product: Norwegian manufacturer of monocrystalline ingots and PV wafers. Coordinates:...

  8. Orangeburg County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    South Carolina Livingston, South Carolina Neeses, South Carolina North, South Carolina Norway, South Carolina Orangeburg, South Carolina Rowesville, South Carolina Santee, South...

  9. MHK Projects/MORILD Demonstration Plant | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Start Date 112004 Project City Kvalsundet Strait near Troms, NULL Project Country Norway Project Resource Click here Current Tidal Coordinates 69.8079, 18.6795 Project...

  10. Distinct summer and winter bacterial communities in the active...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Biology University of Tromso, Tromso, Norway The active layer of soil overlaying permafrost in the Arctic is subjected to dramatic annual changes in temperature and soil...

  11. Euro Wave Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wave Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Euro Wave Energy Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: www.eurowaveenergy.com This company is listed in the Marine...

  12. Fact #575: June 15, 2009 Diesel Car Sales in Europe Still Over...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Western Europe Diesel Car Market Share, 1999-2008 Graph showing the Western Europe (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, Switzerland, and United Kingdom) Diesel Car ...

  13. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    States. The United States imports natural gas from Canada, Mexico, Algeria, Australia, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Malaysia, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Qatar, Trinidad and Tobago, and...

  14. Innotech Solar AS formerly known as Solar Cell Repower | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Innotech Solar AS formerly known as Solar Cell Repower Jump to: navigation, search Name: Innotech Solar AS (formerly known as Solar Cell Repower) Place: Narvik, Norway Zip: 8512...

  15. Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Field Projects Supported by DOE...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    program has supported a number of projects implementing CO2 injection in the United States and other countries including, Canada, Algeria, Norway, Australia, and Germany. ...

  16. Sequential Threat Detection for Harbor Defense: An X-ray Physics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE Contract Number: W-7405-ENG-48 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: Presented at: IEEE OCEANS'13, Bergen, Norway, Jun 10 - Jun 14, 2013 Research Org: ...

  17. NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Design Tools and Methods

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... ECN (NED) SWAY (Norway) University of Delaware (USA) Leibnitz University of Hannover (DE) CENER (ESP) Fraunhofer IWES (DE) University of Stuttgart (DE) Vestas (DK) NOWITECH ...

  18. REC Group Renewable Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Group Renewable Energy Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: REC Group (Renewable Energy Corporation) Place: Hvik, Norway Zip: N-1323 Sector: Solar Product: Norwegian...

  19. Clean Coal and Waste to Energy Session

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... Brazil Canada China European Union France Germany Greece India Italy Japan Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Saudi Arabia South Africa Korea United Kingdom United ...

  20. WWS_LorrieC157L_0915

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Latvia Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mozambique Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway ...

  1. WorldWide Science.org

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mozambique Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Philippines Poland Portugal Russia Rwanda Saudi ...

  2. Microsoft Word - Report from the NEAC Facilities Subcommittee

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... INL ATR ORNL HFIR MIT, MURR France JHR, Japan JMTR, Norway Halden, Holland Petten v Np-237 target irradiation INL ATR ORNL HFIR IV Fast irradiation - small samplessurrogates ...

  3. Scatec Solar | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Scatec Solar Place: Norway Product: Norwegian PV system integrator with a parent, Norsun, that manufactures monocrystalline silicon ingots...

  4. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. 3 Other Europe and Eurasia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,...

  5. NREL Collaborates with SWAY on Offshore Wind Demonstration (Fact...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    on an offshore wind energy demonstration project deployed off the coast of Bergen, Norway. ... SWAY's one-fifth scale prototype demonstration wind energy system installed off the coast ...

  6. International Energy Agency (IEA) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.2 Headlines IEA Deputy Executive Director explores...

  7. Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States Mission OECD brings together the governments of...

  8. TriWo AG | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    TriWo AG Place: Trier, Denmark Zip: 54290 Sector: Solar Product: Developer of solar photovoltaic electricity generation project in Germany. Coordinates: 49.757256, 6.636521...

  9. Novi AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Novi AS Place: Denmark Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References: Novi AS1 This...

  10. NREL: Photovoltaics Research -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Program, "Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion." He received his Ph.D. in physics from the Technical University of Denmark, where he worked on first-principles...

  11. Windcast Group A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Windcast Group A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Windcast Group AS Place: Denmark Sector: Wind energy Product: Supplier of advanced and high quality casting components for...

  12. Vestas Wind Systems AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    energy Product: Denmark-based manufacturer of large-scale wind turbines. Coordinates: 56.459375, 10.035795 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlem...

  13. Flexcom, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Flexcom, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  14. Advanced Offshore Solutions ApS AOS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind energy Product: Denmark-based consultancy for offshore wind industry. Coordinates: 56.091431, 10.13779 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlema...

  15. DSOPilot project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  16. EVCOM (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EVCOM Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  17. Charge stands (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Charge stands Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  18. Dynamic tariffs (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Dynamic tariffs Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  19. Distribution System planning for Smart Grids, ForskEL (Smart...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name Distribution System planning for Smart Grids, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  20. Global Renewable Energy Partners AS GREP AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Denmark Zip: 8900 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind project developer. Coordinates: 56.459375, 10.035795 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlem...

  1. Nordtank | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nordtank Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nordtank Place: Denmark Product: The company is now defunct through a merger with Micon to form NEG Micon. References: Nordtank1 This...

  2. Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity storage for short term power system service Country Denmark...

  3. Danish Technological Institute | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Institute Place: Denmark Sector: Services Product: DTI develops, applies and disseminates research- and technologically-based knowledge for the Danish and International business...

  4. National Environmental Research Institute | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Research Institute Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Environmental Research Institute Address: Box. 358 Frederiksborgvej 399 DK 4000 Place: Roskilde, Denmark Phone Number:...

  5. Three-body structure of low-lying {sup 12}Be states (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain) (Denmark) Publication Date: 2008-05-15 OSTI Identifier: 21189979 Resource Type: Journal Article ...

  6. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission Wik, Daniel R.; NASA, Goddard Johns Hopkins U.; Hornstrup, A.; Denmark, Tech. U.; Molendi, S.; IASF,...

  7. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission","Wik, Daniel R.; NASA, Goddard Johns Hopkins U.; Hornstrup, A.; Denmark, Tech. U.; Molendi, S.; IASF,...

  8. Serenergy A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Serenergy AS Place: Stovring, Denmark Zip: 9530 Product: Designs and manufactures fuel cell stacks and power modules for system integrators. Coordinates: 56.891491, 9.83703...

  9. Dantherm Power A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Dantherm Power AS Place: Denmark Product: Danish fuel cell developer. A subsidiary of the Dantherm Group. References: Dantherm Power AS1 This...

  10. LM Wind Power formerly LM Glasfiber AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power formerly LM Glasfiber AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: LM Wind Power (formerly LM Glasfiber AS) Place: Kolding, Denmark Zip: 6000 Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  11. Experimental phasing for structure determination using membrane...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Copyright (c) Li et al. 2015; This is an open-access article distributed under the terms ... Country of Publication: Denmark Language: English Subject: 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, ...

  12. Secretary Moniz Announces San Francisco as Site of Seventh Clean...

    Energy Saver

    Amber Rudd, United Kingdom's Secretary of State for the Department of Energy and Climate Change, and Lars Christian Lilleholt, Denmark's Minister of Energy, Utilities and Climate. ...

  13. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission Authors: Wik, Daniel R. ; NASA, Goddard Johns Hopkins U. ; Hornstrup, A. ; Denmark, Tech. U. ; Molendi, S. ; IASF,...

  14. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Copenhagen, Denmark, began receiving electricity through HTSC cable. That same year, three 400-foot HTSC cables were installed for Detroit Edison at the Frisbie Substation...

  15. Colexon Solar Invest AS Formerly Renewagy AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Product: Denmark-based development and investment company that focuses on wind and solar PV project development. References: Colexon Solar Invest AS (Formerly Renewagy AS)1...

  16. Danish Wave Energy Development Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wave Energy Development Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danish Wave Energy Development Ltd Place: Gentofte, Denmark Zip: 2820 Product: Original developer and now holding...

  17. Leancon Wave Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Leancon Wave Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Leancon Wave Energy Address: Alpedalsvej 37 Place: Kolding Zip: 6000 Region: Denmark Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone...

  18. FY11 Q4 SHPM Whitepaper DRAFT

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Track Paper European Wind Energy Conference (EWEA) Annual Event April 16-19, 2012; Copenhagen, Denmark Prognostic Control to Enhance Offshore Wind Turbine Operations and ...

  19. Dansk Solar Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dansk Solar Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Dansk Solar Energy Name: Dansk Solar Energy Address: Glckstadtsvej 2 Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Sector: Solar Year Founded:...

  20. Green Wind Energy formerly Solund Invest | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy formerly Solund Invest Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Wind Energy (formerly Solund Invest) Place: DK-3460 Birkerd, Denmark Zip: DK-3460 Sector: Wind energy...

  1. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Faroe...

  2. Sandia Energy Monitoring

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    rspace-warning-area-established-to-aid-research-explorationfeed 0 Sandia Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection Experiments in Denmark http:energy.sandia.govsandia-wind-turbine-bla...

  3. SSP Technology A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    AS Place: Broby, Denmark Zip: DK-5672 Sector: Wind energy Product: Danish wind turbine blade manufacturer. Coordinates: 55.22995, 10.25757 Show Map Loading map......

  4. Accounting for the Effect of Turbulence on Wind Turbine Power Curves (Poster)

    SciTech Connect

    Clifton, A.; Wagner, R.

    2014-06-01

    This poster was presented at the Science of Making Torque Conference, June 18-20 2014 in Copenhagen, Denmark. For more details, see NREL CP-5000-61561.

  5. Aalborg Energie Technik a s | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Aalborg Energie Technik a s Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aalborg Energie Technik as Place: Aalborg, Denmark Zip: 9220 Sector: Biomass Product: Designs, engineers, constructs...

  6. Automation and security of Supply (Smart Grid Project) | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and security of Supply (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Automation and security of Supply Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading...

  7. Light-Source Facilities

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Facilities, Denmark ISI-800 - Institute of Metal Physics, Ukraine Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Ukraine KSRS - Kurchatov Synchrotron Radiation Source, Russian ...

  8. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... landscape Telecommunications and internet - compare and contrast Denmark Cell ... among states Disincentive to build big things until we have our asset utilization ...

  9. New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Forum include: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Denmark, European Commission, ... Carbon Sequestration Forum U.S. - China Energy Cooperation 6th Carbon ...

  10. Danish Solar Energy PLC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Danish Solar Energy PLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danish Solar Energy PLC Place: Copenhagen - Freeport, Denmark Zip: DK-2100 Sector: Solar Product: Copenhagen-based...

  11. Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name: Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: 2200 Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  12. Danish Wind Turbine Owners Association | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Turbine Owners Association Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danish Wind Turbine Owners' Association Place: Aarhus C, Denmark Zip: DK-8000 Sector: Wind energy Product: Danish Wind...

  13. Vestesen A S formerly Danvest Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Vestesen AS (formerly Danvest Energy) Place: AarhusViby J, Denmark Zip: 8260 Sector: Wind energy Product: Vestesen (formerly known as Danvest...

  14. Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Balance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lithium Balance Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Product: Lithium ion battery developer. References: Lithium Balance1 This article is a stub....

  15. Energy Supplier Obligations and White Certificate Schemes: Comparative...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ways different European Union (EU) member states, including the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Denmark and Belgium, have implemented energy supplier obligations and white...

  16. Danbio | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danbio Place: Kolding, Denmark Zip: 6000 Sector: Bioenergy Product: Danish Bioenergy Association Coordinates: 55.486405, 9.473455 Show Map...

  17. Clean World Capital A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    World Capital A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clean World Capital AS Place: Lyngby, Denmark Sector: Carbon Product: A cleantech finance house based in Copenhagen and London....

  18. Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserves, ForskEL...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserves, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392,...

  19. Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    systems and wind power (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind power Country Denmark...

  20. Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserves, ENS (Smart...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ENS (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserves, ENS Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785...

  1. Automation systems for Demand Response, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    systems for Demand Response, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Automation systems for Demand Response, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates...

  2. Measuring the Coronal Properties of IC 4329A with NuSTAR (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Astrophys. ; Harrison, F. A. ; Caltech ; Ballantyne, D. R. ; Georgia Tech ; Boggs, S. E. ; UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept. ; Christensen, F. E. ; Denmark, Tech. U. ; Craig, W. ...

  3. The 2-79 keV X-ray Spectrum of the Circinus Galaxy with NuSTAR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Park, IGC ; Brightman, M. ; Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE ; Christensen, F. E. ; Denmark Tech U. ; Comastri, A. ; Bologna Observ. more ; Craig, W. W. ; Space Sci. ...

  4. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    U. ; Boggs, S. E. ; UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept. ; Christensen, F. E. ; Denmark, Tech. U. ; Craig, W. W. ; UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept. LLNL, Livermore ; Hailey, C. J. ; ...

  5. Greentech Energy Systems | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Systems Place: Denmark Product: The company aims to develop, own or partly own energy plants, which produce electricity on the basis of sustainable energy forms. References:...

  6. Consumer web (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    web (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Consumer web Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"...

  7. AVANTI | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    AVANTI Jump to: navigation, search Name: AVANTI Place: Hillerod, Denmark Zip: 3400 Sector: Wind energy Product: AVANTI specialises in the supply of Service Lifts and safety...

  8. On the Inclusion of Energy-Shifting Demand Response in Production...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    On the Inclusion of Energy- Shifting Demand Response in Production Cost Models: Methodology and a Case Study Niamh O'Connell Technical University of Denmark Elaine Hale, Ian ...

  9. Control and regulation of modern distribution system, ForskEL...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    system, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Control and regulation of modern distribution system, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates...

  10. Global Wind Power AS GWP | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Product: A Denmark-based company specialising in the development, installation and administration of wind farms whose wind turbines are sold to investors. Coordinates: 56.955614,...

  11. Agrowind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Skjern, Denmark Zip: 6900 Sector: Wind energy Product: Agrowind is developing wind turbine projects through out the European continent. At the moment our project development is...

  12. Core Carbon Group AS CCG | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Carbon Group AS CCG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Core Carbon Group AS (CCG) Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: DK-1074 Sector: Carbon Product: The Core Carbon Group (formerly...

  13. Danregn Vindkraft A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Danregn Vindkraft A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danregn Vindkraft AS Place: Denmark Product: Previous owner of Bonus Energy, sold to Siemens Power Generation. References:...

  14. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Wik, Daniel R. ; NASA, Goddard Johns Hopkins U. ; Hornstrup, A. ; Denmark, Tech. U. ; Molendi, S. ; IASF, Milan ; Madejski, G. ; KIPAC, Menlo Park SLAC ; Harrison, ...

  15. BEMS: Abstract book

    SciTech Connect

    1995-06-01

    This volume provides abstracts of presentations made at the Sixteenth Meeting of The Bioelectromagnetics Society held June 12-17, 1994 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

  16. Bioener ApS formerly FLS milj a s | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Denmark Zip: 2500 Product: Industrial boiler manufacturer and EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) contractor focussing on straw-firing. Coordinates: 55.67631,...

  17. EMD International AS formerly Energi og Milj data | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Aalborg , Denmark Zip: 9220 Sector: Biomass, Wind energy Product: An independent software developer supplying companies and institutions worldwide with wind assessmentturbine...

  18. Vietnam-Danish Government Sector Programmes | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policiesdeployment programs Program End 2012 Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References Denmark1 Promoting wind energy in...

  19. Proark Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Proark Energy Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: 1370 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Copenhagen-based management company owned by Proark - the Danish real...

  20. NordEnergie Renewables A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Renewables AS Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: DK 1265 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Copenhagen-based renewable energy project developer focused on wind and...

  1. European Pellet Centre | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Centre Place: Denmark Product: Information provider that targets professional pellet market actors across Europe. References: European Pellet Centre1 This article is a stub....

  2. Agro Business Park | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Business Park Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agro Business Park Place: Denmark Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Government Public sector )...

  3. NuSTAR Detection of the Blazar B2 1023+25 at Redshift 5.3 (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Dept. Penn State U., IGC ; Chirstensen, F.E. ; Denmark Tech. U. more ; Giommi, P. ; ASDC, Frascati Rome Observ. ; Greiner, J. ; Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE ; Hailey, ...

  4. Danish Wind Industry Association | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danish Wind Industry Association Place: Copenhagen V, Denmark Zip: DK-1552 Sector: Wind energy Product: The Danish Wind Industry Association...

  5. TK Energi AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search Name: TK Energi AS Place: Gadstrup, Denmark Zip: 4621 Product: Gasification technology and project developer Coordinates: 55.57378, 12.09784 Show Map...

  6. Topsil Semiconductor Materials AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Topsil Semiconductor Materials AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Topsil Semiconductor Materials AS Place: Frederikssund, Denmark Zip: 3600 Product: Danish specialist...

  7. Amminex A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Amminex AS Place: Lyngby, Denmark Zip: DK-2800 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Developing ammonia and hydrogen storage systems. Coordinates: 56.866669,...

  8. Biogasol AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Denmark Sector: Biomass Product: Engineering and technology company based on a novel proprietary process for cost effective production of bioethanol from low cost and...

  9. BTM Consult | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    BTM Consult Jump to: navigation, search Name: BTM Consult Place: Ringkobing, Denmark Zip: DK 6950 Sector: Renewable Energy, Services Product: Consultancy company specialising in...

  10. SPOK EMU Consult | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    SPOK EMU Consult Jump to: navigation, search Name: SPOK EMU Consult Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: 2200 Product: Manager of the EC backed the Wave Dragon project. Coordinates:...

  11. Nordisk Solar | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Denmark Product: Wholesaler and distributor of electrical equipment as well as HWS (heating, water, and sanitary) components. References: Nordisk Solar1 This article is a...

  12. KEM | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    KEM Place: Denmark Sector: Biomass Product: Danish based supplier of biomass fired steam boilers used for power generation and heating. References: KEM1 This article is a...

  13. Overview of Existing Home Energy Labels

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... piloted in Denmark, the Netherlands, Austria, and Greece. ... CommentsExplanations EnergySmart Home Scale ENERGY STAR for ... Dave Roberts National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) ...

  14. ARM - Events Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in Monterey Bookmark and Share Nearly 300 participants from countries as far away as Japan, Australia, and Finland attended the 2007 ARM Science Team Meeting. A spring mix of...

  15. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Molecular Biology -- Biostatistiikan seura ry Finnish Society of Biostatistics -- Brain Research Society of Finland (BRSF) TOP - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W ...

  16. Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components Report from the Program’s Steering Committee: Inspection of Bottom-Mounted Instrumentation Nozzles Round Robin

    SciTech Connect

    Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Doctor, Steven R.; Taylor, Theodore T.

    2009-11-13

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) executed agreements with organizations in Japan, Sweden, South Korea, Finland, and the United States to establish the Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components (PINC).

  17. OSTIblog Articles in the koreascience Topic | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Explore Science from around the World at WorldWideScience.org by Lorrie Johnson 07 Apr, 2008 in Products and Content Science from Finland, Sweden and Korea can now be found at ...

  18. Applicant/Institution: The University of Georgia Research Foundation...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Wind profiles from 20 to 905 m height were recorded every 30 ... probe (GMP343, Vaisala, Finland) with an atmospheric ... is important due to the energy and momentum they ...

  19. About - OpenEI Datasets

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    and Netherland government portals, as well as city and municipal sites in the US, UK, Argentina, Finland and elsewhere. CKAN: http:ckan.org CKAN Tour: http:ckan.orgtour...

  20. ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    9, 2015 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases] Seeing the Forest Through the Trees-And to the Aerosols Bookmark and Share End of the Biogenic Aerosols - Effects on Clouds and Climate Campaign in Finland Finnish scientists are measuring aerosols on branches as they grow in the boreal forests. Image courtesy of Juho Aalto. Finnish scientists are measuring aerosols on branches as they grow in the boreal forests. Image courtesy of Juho Aalto. Nine months in the icy, cold forests of Finland

  1. Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: www.owwe.net This company is listed...

  2. E CO Energi | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energi Jump to: navigation, search Name: E CO Energi Address: PO Box 255 Sentrum Zip: 103 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: + 47 24 11 69 00 Website:...

  3. Norsk Hydro ASA | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Norsk Hydro ASA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Norsk Hydro ASA Place: Oslo, Norway Zip: NO-0283 Sector: Hydro, Renewable Energy, Solar Product: Oslo-based energy and aluminium...

  4. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Midland Cogeneration Venture Ltd. Partnership 1765 FE02-26-LNG 043002 Various Sources El Paso Merchant Energy, L.P. (Norway) 1780 FE02-59-NG 082902 Can Midland Cogeneration...

  5. Si Pro AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Pro AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Si Pro AS Place: Glomfjord, Norway Zip: 8161 Product: Silicon recycler with facility in Singapore. Coordinates: 66.807991, 13.97315...

  6. Miljobil Grenland AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Grenland AS Place: Norway Zip: L5J 1K9 Product: A professional operator of a fleet of electric cars offered to the market through a leasing-concept. References: Miljobil...

  7. 2016 CO2 Capture Technology Project Review Meeting | netl.doe...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Global Perspective on the Status of Carbon Capture John Gale, IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme Demonstration of U.S.-Norway Joint Projects Bjrn-Erik Haugan, Gassnova SF Effective ...

  8. Langlee Wave Power AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Power AS Address: Smedsvingen 4 Entrance B 1st floor Place: Hvalstad Zip: 1395 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +47 90044104 Website: www.langlee.no...

  9. Ing Arvid Nesheim | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: Ing Arvid Nesheim Address: Hoymyrmarka 123A Place: Vollen Zip: 1391 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: 47 951 08 439 Website: www.anwsite.com...

  10. REC ScanWafer AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ScanWafer AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: REC ScanWafer AS Place: Hovik, Norway Zip: 1323 Product: Norwegian manufacturer of multicrystalline wafers. Coordinates: 58.002571,...

  11. Wave Energy AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wave Energy AS Address: Opstadveien 11C Place: Aalgaard Zip: 4330 Region: Norway Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: (+47) 51 6109 30...

  12. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were ... Supporting Information Western Europe Diesel Car Sales Shares, 1999-2011 Country 1999 2000 ...

  13. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Office of Fossil Energy. Five countries supplied U.S. LNG imports during the year: Egypt, Trinidad and Tobago, Nigeria, Norway, and Qatar. (See Figure 1, LNG Imports to the...

  14. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2011, nearly 52% of all new cars sold in Western Europe were diesel. In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were diesels. The market penetration of...

  15. Microsoft Word - LNG_Jan2007.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook

    countries (Equatorial Guinea, Norway, and Yemen). * Recent competition from buyers in ... New supplies are expected to come online in Yemen by late 2008. Again, much of the LNG is ...

  16. SunShot_2012_Ritter_061412

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Time after time, in China and Japan and Canada and Germany and Spain and Oslo - in Norway, in Israel, in all these different places where we had meetings, they kept saying, "The ...

  17. Bellona | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Oslo, Norway Number of Employees: 51-200 Year Founded: 1986 Phone Number: +47 23 23 46 00 Website: www.bellona.org Coordinates: 59.9138204, 10.7387413 Show Map...

  18. HyCore | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    HyCore Jump to: navigation, search Name: HyCore Place: Norway Sector: Hydro, Solar Product: JV between Umicore and Norsk Hydro to manufacture solar-grade silicon. References:...

  19. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    12121-6301-03 RPSEA Sugar Land, TX Clearview Subsea LLC, 16223 Park Row, Suite 175. Houston, Harris, Texas; Digitrol, Sao Paulo,Brazil; ProAnalysis, Bergen, Norway; JM Canty,...

  20. Sondre K. Schnell | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Science and Technology, Norway EFRC Research Through the EFRC we have studied CO2 adsorption in the diamine-appended MOF-74 structure. By reducing the adsorption of CO2 in...

  1. CX-012256: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bench-Scale Development of a Non-Aqueous Solvent Carbon Dioxide Capture Process CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/11/2014 Location(s): Norway Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  2. 105(scaled land 215%)7-22-05

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cntrl African Rep. Chad Chile China Colombia Dem. Rep. Congo Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark ...

  3. ALSNews Vol. 365

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    his Ph.D. from Aarhus University in Denmark last year, was selected by the Aarhus University Research Foundation as one of five promising young scientists to receive its...

  4. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Observations of the Bullet Cluster Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission Wik Daniel R NASA Goddard Johns Hopkins U Hornstrup A Denmark Tech U Molendi S IASF Milan Madejski G...

  5. Emmelev | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Emmelev Jump to: navigation, search Name: Emmelev Place: Denmark Product: Danish biodiesel producer. References: Emmelev1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  6. Siemens PG Wind Power Division formerly Bonus Energy A S | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PG Wind Power Division formerly Bonus Energy A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Siemens PG Wind Power Division (formerly Bonus Energy AS) Place: Brande, Denmark Zip: DK-7330...

  7. Danionics Asia Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: N.T., Hong Kong, Hong Kong Product: JV between Danionics AS, Denmark, and GP Batteries International Ltd., Hong Kong. References: Danionics Asia Ltd1 This article is a...

  8. WavePlane International AS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    International AS Place: Gentofte, Denmark Zip: 2820 Product: Company working with a wave energy device called the 'WavePlane' Coordinates: 55.75069, 12.55007 Show Map Loading...

  9. Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    find new green avenues to growth. Green growth has to be at the core of a sustainable strategy to get us out of the economic crisis. To advance this global agenda, Denmark as well...

  10. IRD Fuel Cells A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    IRD Fuel Cells A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: IRD Fuel Cells AS Place: Svendborg, Denmark Zip: DK-5700 Product: An Danish high technology company devoted to research,...

  11. Competing charge, spin, and superconducting orders in underdoped...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ruixing ; Bonn, D.A. ; Hardy, W.N. ; Gutowski, O. ; Zimmermann, M.v. ; Hayden, S.M. ; Chang, J. 1 ; Denmark) 2 ; UBC) 2 ; DESY) 2 ; Ecole) 2 ; CIFAR) 2 ; Bristol) 2 ...

  12. The NuSTAR View of Nearby Compton-thick Active Galactic Nuclei...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Dept. ; Brandt, W.N. ; Pennsylvania U. Penn State U., University Park, IGC ; Brightman, M. ; Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE Denmark, Tech. U. ; Christensen, F.E. ; Craig, W.W. ...

  13. Global Green Energy ApS | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ApS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Global Green Energy ApS Place: Aarhus C, Denmark Zip: DK- 8000 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind farm project developer. References: Global...

  14. Wind World | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind World Place: Denmark Sector: Wind energy Product: WindWorld was a turbine manufacturer that was purchased by NEG Micon in 1998. NEG Micon was then purchased by Vestas in 2003....

  15. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude...

  16. Property:AwardeeHeadquarters | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0.4 kV remote control (Smart Grid Project) + Denmark + 2 220 kV SSSC device for power flow control (Smart...

  17. 0.4 kV remote control (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    .4 kV remote control (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name 0.4 kV remote control Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map......

  18. Agent based control of power systems, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Agent based control of power systems, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Agent based control of power systems, ForskEL Country Denmark...

  19. Rockwool International A S | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Denmark Zip: DK-2640 Sector: Buildings Product: A producer of stone wool used for insulation to conserve energy in buildings. Coordinates: 55.649601, 12.19935 Show Map...

  20. European Environment Agency | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    6 1050 Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Phone Number: (+45) 33 36 71 00 Website: www.eea.europa.eu Coordinates: 55.6811436, 12.5866457 Show Map Loading map......

  1. ChoosEV | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Seus-Nve and Sixt. The company will focus on developing simple charging stands linked to the electric grid in Denmark. Coordinates: 55.67631, 12.569355 Show Map Loading...

  2. SREL Reprint #3197

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Arne Redsted Rasmussen1, John C. Murphy2, Medy Ompi3, J. Whitfield Gibbons4, Peter Uetz5 1School of Conservation, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, Denmark ...

  3. H2 Logic | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Logic Jump to: navigation, search Name: H2 Logic Place: Denmark Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: H2 logic is involved in a range of activities including consultancy,research and...

  4. UNEP-Risoe Centre | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    - Risoe Centre Address: UNEP Risoe Centre, Risoe DTU, Bldg. 142, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK 4000 Place: Roskilde, Denmark Number of Employees: 11-50 Year Founded: 1990...

  5. Biodiversity Monitoring Using NGS Approaches on Unusual Substrates (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect

    Gilbert, Tom

    2013-03-01

    Tom Gilbert of the Natural History Museum of Denmark on "Biodiversity monitoring using NGS approaches on unusual substrates" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  6. Energy efficient industrialized housing research program

    SciTech Connect

    Berg, R.; Brown, G.Z.; Finrow, J.; Kellett, R.; Mc Donald, M.; McGinn, B.; Ryan, P.; Sekiguchi, T. . Center for Housing Innovation); Chandra, S.; Elshennawy, A.K.; Fairey, P.; Harrison, J.; Maxwell, L.; Roland, J.; Swart, W. )

    1989-01-01

    This is the second volume of a two volume report on energy efficient industrialized housing. Volume II contains support documentation for Volume I. The following items are included: individual trip reports; software bibliography; industry contacts in the US, Denmark, and Japan; Cost comparison of industrialized housing in the US and Denmark; draft of the final report on the systems analysis for Fleetwood Mobile Home Manufacturers. (SM)

  7. 2007 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    7 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. June 27, 2007 U.S., Danish laboratories to cooperate on wind energy research NREL and Denmark's Risø National Laboratory, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), have signed an agreement to cooperate closely on improving wind energy technologies. June 25, 2007 Large Wind Turbine Blade Test Facilities to be in Mass., Texas NREL will work with consortiums from Texas and Massachusetts to design, build and operate new facilities to

  8. Biomass Direct Liquefaction Options. TechnoEconomic and Life Cycle Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Tews, Iva J.; Zhu, Yunhua; Drennan, Corinne; Elliott, Douglas C.; Snowden-Swan, Lesley J.; Onarheim, Kristin; Solantausta, Yrjo; Beckman, David

    2014-07-31

    The purpose of this work was to assess the competitiveness of two biomass to transportation fuel processing routes, which were under development in Finland, the U.S. and elsewhere. Concepts included fast pyrolysis (FP), and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL), both followed by hydrodeoxygenation, and final product refining. This work was carried out as a collaboration between VTT (Finland), and PNNL (USA). The public funding agents for the work were Tekes in Finland and the Bioenergy Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy. The effort was proposed as an update of the earlier comparative technoeconomic assessment performed by the IEA Bioenergy Direct Biomass Liquefaction Task in the 1980s. New developments in HTL and the upgrading of the HTL biocrude product triggered the interest in reinvestigating this comparison of these biomass liquefaction processes. In addition, developments in FP bio-oil upgrading had provided additional definition of this process option, which could provide an interesting comparison.

  9. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Explore Science from around the World at WorldWideScience.org by Lorrie Johnson on Mon, April 07, 2008 Science from Finland, Sweden and Korea can now be found at WorldWideScience.org, the global gateway to science. This brings the total to 32 sources from 44 countries that can be searched. The new sources include the VTT Publications Register and VTT Research Register (from the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland), the Directory

  10. North Sea development action brisk; plays expand elsewhere off Europe

    SciTech Connect

    Knott, D.J.

    1996-08-19

    The North Sea may be a mature play, but operators are continually searching for new ways to develop small finds near existing infrastructure and to develop discoveries in new areas at low cost. As they fill in gaps in the North Sea oil and gas infrastructure, companies are also exploring and planning developments in new plays such as the U.K.`s West of Shetlands area, the Irish Sea, and the Atlantic Margin from off western Ireland to northern Norway. Floating production systems and subsea technology are vital parts of many of Northwest Europe`s recently sanctioned field developments, for both large and small reservoirs. The paper discusses the dominant role of floating production units, the niche for subsea developments, new production, the Harding field, the Schieballion and Clair fields (UK), Norway`s plans, the Elgin/Franklin field, small fields, frontier work, in-field projects, flexible floating platforms, deepwater technology, a gas monotower, and subsea control.

  11. [pic] EERE Web site statistics - Lose Your Excuse - Parents

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... |16.|France|11|0%| |17.|Ireland|10|0%| |18.|Germany|10|0%| |19.|Belgium|9|0%| |20.|Saudi Arabia|8|0%| |21.|Chile|7|0%| |22.|Finland|7|0%| |23.|Taiwan|7|0%| |24.|Netherlands|7|0%| ...

  12. Press conference

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Exposés de plusieurs intervenants de la direction et du conseil, comme le Prof.Ramsey, président du conseil sur l'adhésion récente de la Finlande et le "boom" scientifique des pays de l'est.

  13. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    0 0 662 0 0 0 Ecuador 68,467 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 198 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 0 176 0 209 209 Korea, South 0 0 41 0 0 1,444 1,444 Malaysia 2,417 0 45 1,443 0 43...

  14. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook

    360 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ecuador 4,705 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea, South 0 0 0 0 0 481 481 Malaysia 334 0 0 363 0 0 0 Mexico 2,246 0...

  15. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    0 0 662 0 0 0 Ecuador 68,516 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 198 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 0 176 0 209 209 Korea, South 0 0 41 0 0 1,444 1,444 Malaysia 2,417 0 90 1,443 0 43...

  16. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [January 25, 1989

    SciTech Connect

    1989-01-25

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (3) Near East and South Asia; India, Pakistan, (4) Soviet Union, and (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Turkey.

  17. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [August 18, 1987

    SciTech Connect

    1987-08-18

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) Australia, (2) China, (3) Canada, (4) Hong Kong, (5) Japan, (6) Yugoslavia, (7) Argentina, (8) Brazil, (9) Egypt, (10) India, (11) Pakistan, (12) Soviet Union, (13) Belgium, (14) Finland, (15) France, and (16) Turkey.

  18. EM Contributes Expertise to Comprehensive Resource on Managing Nuclear Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – EM officials wrote a chapter of a recently published book, Managing Nuclear Projects – A Comprehensive Management Resource, which covers a range of areas with emphasis on process, requirements and lessons learned. Authors from France, Germany, Argentina, Belgium, Finland, Austria, and the U.S. contributed to the book.

  19. FIA-12-0039- In the Matter of National Security Archive

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Appellant documents related to the “First Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer” held in Helsinki, Finland on May 2-5, 1989. OIR forwarded the request to the Office of Policy and International Affairs (OPIA) and the Executive Secretariat (ES) for a search of their records.

  20. Final Technical Report, 30 SEPTEMBER 2002 - 31 JANUARY 2006; ENERGY PARTIONING FOR SEISMIC EVENTS IN FENNOSCANDIA AND NW RUSSIA

    SciTech Connect

    Bungum, H.; Kvaerna, T.; Larsen, S.

    2006-01-31

    In this project we have addressed the problem of energy partitioning at distances ranging from very local to regional for various kinds of seismic sources. On the local and regional scale (20-220 km) we have targeted events from the region offshore Western Norway where we have both natural earthquake activity as well as frequent occurrence of underwater explosions carried out by the Norwegian Navy. On the small scale we have focused on analysis of observations from an in-mine network of 16-18 sensors in the Pyhasalmi mine in central Finland. This analysis has been supplemented with 3-D finite difference wave propagation simulations in a realistic mine model to investigate the physical mechanisms that partition seismic energy in the near source region in and around the underground mine. The results from modeling and analysis of local and regional data show that mean S/P amplitude ratios for explosions and natural events differ at individual stations and are in general higher for natural events and frequency bands above 3 Hz. However, the distributions of S/P ratios for explosions and natural events overlap in all analyzed frequency bands. Thus, for individual events in our study area, S/P amplitude ratios can only assist the discrimination between an explosion or a natural event. This observation is supported by synthetic seismograms calculated for simple 1-D models which demonstrate that explosions also generate shear-wave energy if they are fired close to an interface with a strong material contrast (as is the case for most explosions), e.g., free surface or the ocean bottom. The larger difference in S/P ratios between earthquakes and explosions for higher frequencies can be explained by the fact that at low frequencies (larger wavelengths), discontinuities and structural heterogeneities in the explosion source region are stronger generators of converted S energy. The S*-phase, for example, is most efficiently generated whenever an explosion source is located

  1. New developments in the Danish Wind Energy Policy

    SciTech Connect

    Lemming, J.

    1996-12-31

    Wind energy resources in Denmark are among the best in Europe. In recent years there has been a rapid growth in number of wind turbines connected to the grid in Denmark. By the end of 1995 more than 3800 wind turbines were installed on-shore with a capacity of over 600 MW. The total production of electricity from these turbines in 1995 was more than 1200 GWh, corresponding to approximately 3.6 % of the Danish electricity consumption. For several years Denmark has pursued an energy policy with an increasing weight on environmental aspects and new and renewable energy sources like wind energy. Therefore wind energy already plays an important part as supplement to the traditional sources of fuel in the electricity production, and the share of wind energy and other renewables is expected to increase significantly in the years to come. 1 ref., 9 figs.

  2. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect

    1991-11-18

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) China; (2) Indonesia; (3) Bulgaria; (4) Brazil, Cuba; (5) Egypt, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan; (6) Soviet Union; and (7) France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Norway.

  3. SWAY/NREL Collaboration on Offshore Wind System Testing and Analysis: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-11-459

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, Amy

    2015-02-01

    This shared resources CRADA defines collaborations between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and SWAY. Under the terms and conditions described in this CRADA agreement, NREL and SWAY will collaborate on the SWAY 1/5th-scale floating wind turbine demonstration project in Norway. NREL and SWAY will work together to obtain measurement data from the demonstration system to perform model validation.

  4. NREL Software Models Performance of Wind Plants (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2015-01-01

    This NREL Highlight is being developed for the 2015 February Alliance S&T Meeting, and describes NREL's Simulator for Offshore Wind Farm Applications (SOWFA) software in collaboration with Norway-based Statoil, to optimize layouts and controls of wind plants arrays.

  5. Office of Fossil Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Norway - - - - - - 0.0 Qatar - - - - - - 0.0 Trinidad 12.0 9.6 8.5 4.7 5.1 7.5 47.4 Yemen - - - - - - 0.0 TOTAL 12.0 9.6 8.5 4.7 5.1 7.5 47.4 2016 Jan Feb March April May June ...

  6. Energy watchers 2

    SciTech Connect

    El Mallakh, D.H.

    1991-01-01

    This book covers topics of concern to the oil and natural gas industry. Topics include: OPEC in the '90s, investment in the Western hemisphere energy market, the oil industry in Mexico and the Yemen, the future of Soviet oil and gas in global energy markets, natural gas and oil in Norway and Canada, environmental regulations, and the greenhouse effect.

  7. Microsoft Word - figure_09_2016.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Canada Mexico Figure 9. Flow of natural gas imports, 2015 (billion cubic feet) Source: Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. 12 50 674 190 United States 6 1 Trinidad/Tobago 12 Norway 6 Yemen 535 420 233 11 133 430 12 9 7 71 3

  8. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Kazakhstan 85 1.2 Egypt 77 1.1 Canada 70 1 Norway 68 1 Uzbekistan 65 0.9 Kuwait 63 0.9 Rest of world 591 8.5 Source: "Worldwide look at reserves and production," Oil & Gas ...

  9. Office of Fossil Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    91 Email: ngreports@hq.doe.gov 2016 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Egypt - - 0.0 Nigeria - - 0.0 Norway - - 0.0 Qatar - - 0.0 Trinidad 12.0 9.6 ...

  10. U.S. Team Green Building Challenge (CD-ROM)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2002-09-01

    Mini-CD with copies of U.S. Team materials handed out at the International Green Building Challenge conference in Oslo, Norway in September 2002. CD contents contains map of U.S., project brochures, project posters, and GBTool spreadsheets.

  11. Developing and Financing Tribal Energy Projects

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (MW) Percent of Total Denmark 13,366 3 3,125 23.4% Spain 66,910 3,522 15,145 22.6% Germany 120,376 1,667 22,247 18.5% Portugal 12,176 434 2,150 17.7% Ireland 5,510 59 805 14.6% ...

  12. LinkoGas A m b a | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    LinkoGas A m b a Jump to: navigation, search Name: LinkoGas A.m.b.a Place: Lintrup, Denmark Zip: 6660 Product: LinkoGas A.m.b.a is an independent co-operative society set up by 60...

  13. Transmission Considerations for Market Operation: U.S. Design (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, E.

    2011-06-01

    Presented at the Utility Wind Integration Group (UWIG) Workshop on Market Design and Operation With Variable Renewables, 22 June 2011, Fredericia, Denmark. This presentation provides an overview of the present U.S. electricity market, how it operates, and some solutions for improving its operation, cost accounting, and integration of renewable power resources.

  14. Policies to Promote Non-Hydro Renewable Energy in the United States and Selected Countries

    Reports and Publications

    2005-01-01

    This article examines policies designed to encourage the development of non-hydro renewable energy in four countries - Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Japan - and compares the policies enacted in each of these countries to policies that were used in the United States between 1970 and 2003.

  15. Electric Cars Coming to Former Delaware GM Plant

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    If a company’s cars are luxurious enough for the Crown Prince of Denmark, then just imagine how the vehicles — which have a 50-mile, emission-free range on a single electric charge — might be received by folks in the U.S.

  16. Microsoft Word - MSI Participating Institutions Rev 1 FINAL.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Participating Minority Serving Institutions: Alabama A&M University Allen University Benedict College Central State University Cheyney University Claflin University Clark Atlanta University Denmark Technical College Education Advancement Alliance Fisk University Florida A&M University Florida Memorial University Fort Valley State University Hampton University Hispanic Consortium Howard University Lincoln University Maricopa Community Colleges Morehouse College Morgan State University

  17. ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    29, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] New Field Campaigns Move Mobile Facility to Finland Forest and California Coast; Aircraft to Explore Aerosol and Gases Bookmark and Share Each year, the ARM Climate Research Facility receives proposals to use key components of the Facility for extended or intensive field campaigns to improve understanding of atmospheric processes that are relevant to regional and global climate. The Department of Energy (DOE) has selected the following new field campaigns

  18. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesInstruments AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 MAOS AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2015-2016 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California, 2015 Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa

  19. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesInstruments AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 MAOS AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2015-2016 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California, 2015 Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa

  20. ARM - Surface Aerosol Observing System

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesSurface Aerosol Observing System AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 MAOS AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2015-2016 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California, 2015 Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs,

  1. Whole genome sequence of an unusual Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato isolate

    SciTech Connect

    Casjens, S.R.; Dunn, J.; Fraser-Liggett, C. M.; Mongodin, E. F.; Qiu, W. G.; Luft, B. J.; Schutzer, S. E.

    2011-03-01

    Human Lyme disease is caused by a number of related Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species. We report here the complete genome sequence of Borrelia sp. isolate SV1 from Finland. This isolate is to date the closest known relative of B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, but it is sufficiently genetically distinct from that species that it and its close relatives warrant its candidacy for new-species status. We suggest that this isolate should be named 'Borrelia finlandensis.'

  2. Methodology, status and plans for development and assessment of HEXTRAN, TRAB and APROS

    SciTech Connect

    Vanttola, T.; Rajamaeki, M.; Tiihonen, O.

    1997-07-01

    A number of transient and accident analysis codes have been developed in Finland during the past twenty years mainly for the needs of their own power plants, but some of the codes have also been utilized elsewhere. The continuous validation, simultaneous development and experiences obtained in commercial applications have considerably improved the performance and range of application of the codes. At present, the methods allow fairly covering accident analysis of the Finnish nuclear power plants.

  3. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ecuador 5,890 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea, South 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Malaysia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico 2,397 0 0 0 0 0...

  4. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    0 0 431 0 0 0 Ecuador 50,492 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 198 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 0 176 0 0 0 Korea, South 0 0 0 0 0 1,384 1,384 Malaysia 1,759 0 45 1,443 0 30 30...

  5. Mobile Facility

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    govSitesMobile Facility AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 MAOS AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2015-2016 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California, 2015 Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010

  6. Superconductivity Conference Held

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Superconductivity Conference Held Z.-X. Shen SSRL sponsored a major international conference on superconductivity early this year. The conference, entitled "Spectroscopies in Novel Superconductors" was held at SSRL from March 15-18, 1995 and generated considerable interest in the scientific community. About 200 scientists from 14 countries attended: United States, Japan, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, France, The Netherlands, Sweden, India, Israel, Argentina, China, Finland and Russia

  7. Cyd Hamilton | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cyd Hamilton Cyd Hamilton Photo of Cyd Hamilton. Specialization: Botany, ecology, and evolution of plant microbial interactions Focus at BETO: Biofeedstock production, algae, reducing the cost barriers to biofuel production Prior Experience: Postdoctoral Researcher at MTT Agrifood and Biotech in Jokioinen, Finland; Ph.D. in Biology from Arizona State University Duration of Fellowship: September 2012-February 2014 Career Interests: Food and energy production in response to climate change Favorite

  8. Microsoft Word - AMF2_BAECC_Safety_Appendix_For_Web.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Page 1 o f 1 5 Safety Appendix Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Second Mobile Facility (AMF2) Operational Support for Biogenic Aerosols-Effects on Clouds and Climate (BAECC) Hyytiälä, Finland Contractor: Native Energy and Technology, Inc. Project Manager: Diana Davis Phone & Alternate: W: 210-231-6060 Site Manager: Nicki Hickmon Phone & Alternate: W 630-252-7662 Technical Operations Manager: Michael Ritsche Phone & Alternate: W 630-252-1554 Lead Technician: Patrick Dowell

  9. Challenge # 3 … Operational Issues | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3 … Operational Issues Challenge # 3 … Operational Issues Fernando Preto presentation on May 9, 2012, at the Pyrolysis Oil Workshop on Challenge #3 Operational Issues. pyrolysis_challenge3.pdf (1.15 MB) More Documents & Publications Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a Renewab;e Heating Oil Substation Fuel in New England U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil

  10. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond WorldWideScience.org: finding the hidden treasures of science by Brian Hitson on Fri, June 13, 2008 Alliance Members (From Left to Right): Yukiko Sone (for Masayuki Mizukami, Japan Science and Technology Agency); Kirsi Tuominen, VTT Technical Research Centre (Finland); Pam Bjornson, Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information; Walter L. Warnick, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information

  11. Impact of Vaisala Radiosonde Humidity Corrections on ARM IOP Data

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Impact of Vaisala Radiosonde Humidity Corrections on ARM IOP Data L. M. Miloshevich National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, Colorado A. Paukkunen Vaisala Oy Helsinki, Finland H. Vömel and S. J. Oltmans National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado Introduction Radiosonde humidity measurements are fundamentally important to a variety of applications, including radiative transfer calculations, validation of remote-sensor retrievals, parameterization of cloud

  12. In Situ Validation of a Correction for Time-Lag and Bias Errors in Vaisala RS80-H Radiosonde Humidity Measurements

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    In Situ Validation of a Correction for Time-Lag and Bias Errors in Vaisala RS80-H Radiosonde Humidity Measurements L. M. Miloshevich National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, Colorado H. Vömel and S. J. Oltmans National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado A. Paukkunen Vaisala Oy Helsinki, Finland Introduction Radiosonde relative humidity (RH) measurements are fundamentally important to Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program goals because they are used in a

  13. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesInstruments AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 MAOS AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2015-2016 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California, 2015 Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa

  14. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesInstruments AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 MAOS AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2015-2016 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California, 2015 Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa

  15. Low-Severity Hydroprocessing to Stabilize Bio-oil: TechnoEconomic Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Tews, Iva J.; Elliott, Douglas C.

    2014-08-31

    The impetus for this study was the suggestion that recent developments in fast pyrolysis (FP) bio-oil production had indicated instability of the bio-oil in storage which might lead to unacceptable viscosity increases. Commercial operation of FP in Finland began in 2014 and the distribution of the bio-oil to isolated users has been proposed as the long-term plan. Stability of the shipped bio-oil therefore became a concern. Experimental results at PNNL with low-severity hydroprocessing of bio-oil for stabilization has validated a process in which the stability of the bio-oil could be improved, as measured by viscosity increase following storage of the product at 80 °C for 24h. In the work reported here the assessed process configuration consists of fast pyrolysis followed by low temperature and pressure hydroprocessing to produce a stable fuel oil product. The product could then be stored for an extended period of time without significant viscosity increase. This work was carried out as part of a collaborative project between Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The public funding agents for the work were Tekes in Finland and the Bioenergy Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy. The effort was proposed as an evaluation of the process developed in earlier collaboration and jointly invented by VTT and PNNL researchers.

  16. Major new foreign exploration plays during 1983-1987

    SciTech Connect

    Emmet, P.A.; Hedberg, J.D.; McIver, N.U.; Tyrrell, W.W. Jr.

    1988-01-01

    About 30 billion bbl of recoverable oil have been found in new foreign plays during the last 5 years; significant gas reserves also were found. Most of the foreign oil discoveries are in Mesozoic sandstone reservoirs onshore, but Marlim, the largest single field with estimated reserves of 2.5 billion bbl, is located offshore in the deep-water part of the Campos basin, Brazil. Approximately 8-10 billion bbl of oil were found in South America, 6 billion in the Near East, 5 billion in western Europe, 5 billion in Africa, 2 billion in Asia (outside the USSR), and 0.5-0.7 billion in Australasia. Some of the giant discoveries include: Cano Limo, Colombia (1983); Alif, North Yemen, and Draugen, Norway (1984); Marlim, Brazil, and Heidrun, Norway (1985); El Furrial, Venezuela (1986); and Musipan-1, Venezuela (1987). Most of these and several smaller discoveries are in new plays or trends.

  17. Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    42 Figure 14. Net interstate movements, imports, and exports of natural gas in the United States, 2015 (million cubic feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Yemen Norway Egypt Turkey Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI MD DC IN MA MD VA MA CT RI MA MA NH VA DC WA MT ID OR W Y ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada

  18. zhang(2)-98.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Formation of Arctic Stratus Clouds: Comparison of Model Predictions with Observed Cloud Structure Q. Zhang and K. Stamnes Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska O. Lie-Svendsen Norwegian Defense Research Establishment Kjeller, Norway Introduction The importance of the Arctic region to global climate has been highlighted by the climate modeling results in recent years (e.g., Manabe et al. 1991). Arctic stratus clouds (ASC) are not only one of the most significant regional

  19. zhang-q-99.PDF

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Study of the Formation of Single- and Multiple-Layered Arctic Stratus Clouds Q. Zhang University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah K. Stamnes and J. Harrington Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska O. Lie-Svendsen Norwegian Defense Research Establishment Kjeller, Norway Introduction Arctic stratus clouds (ASCs) are a persistent feature in the arctic. They may have an important influence on both the local climate and the global climate. Due to lack of observations, the formation

  20. First Principles Contributions to the Thermodynamic Assessment of Solid State Metal Hydride and Complex Hydride Phases

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Principles Contributions to the Thermodynamic Assessment of Solid State Metal Hydride and Complex Hydride Phases Susanne M. Opalka, United Technologies Research Center Caian Qiu, Caterpillar Champaign Simulation Center Ole Martin Løvvik, University of Olso, Norway DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials Crystal Gateway Marriott, Crystal City, VA May 18, 2006 Acknowledgements We acknowledge the contributions of our collaborators: Paul W. Saxe, Materials Design, Inc. , Institute

  1. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    23, 2015 | Release date: September 24, 2015 | Next release: October 1, 2015 | Previous weeks JUMP TO: In The News | Overview | Prices/Supply/Demand | Storage In the News: Russian and Norwegian natural gas pipeline exports to Europe increase over the summer amid lower prices Natural gas pipeline exports to Europe from Russia and Norway, two of its largest suppliers, have steadily increased over the summer as European countries accelerated the refill of storage inventories. European countries have

  2. 2014 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    4 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. November 12, 2014 NREL Research Facilitates Several Multi-Party Collaborations in Advanced Controls NREL's two Advanced Controls Research Turbines are providing the basis for several collaborative research projects involving multiple partners to advance the state-of-the-art wind turbine controls. November 6, 2014 NREL Analyzes Floating Offshore Wind Technology for Statoil NREL engineers traveled to Oslo, Norway, to meet with

  3. U.S. Department of Energy and SWAY Collaborate on Offshore Wind

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Demonstration Project | Department of Energy and SWAY Collaborate on Offshore Wind Demonstration Project U.S. Department of Energy and SWAY Collaborate on Offshore Wind Demonstration Project October 1, 2012 - 12:13pm Addthis This is an excerpt from the Third Quarter 2012 edition of the Wind Program R&D Newsletter. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is collaborating with SWAY, a renewable energy company from Norway, on an offshore wind

  4. Section 4

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A Japanese Field Experiment Plan for Aerosol-Cloud- Radiation Research in the Arctic M. Shiobara, M. Wada, T. Yamanouchi, S. Morimoto, G. Hashida and N. Hirasawa National Institute of Polar Research Tokyo, Japan Introduction The National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) promotes atmospheric research in both Arctic and Antarctic regions. In the Arctic, NIPR has maintained a research station since 1991 at Ny-Aalesund (79N,12E), Norway, in collaboration with the Norwegian Polar Institute. The

  5. Borregaard RFI DE-FOA 0001615_Cellulosic Sugar and Lignin Production Capabilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Request for Information (RFI) DE-FOA-0001615: Cellulosic Sugar and Lignin Production Capabilities Response from Borregaard AS, Hjalmar Wessels vei 6, 1721 Sarpsborg, NORWAY Response compiled by Martin Lersch, CTO Business development, martin.lersch@borregaard.com Category 1: Lignocellulosic sugars Question 1: To which types of research entities are you willing and able to sell your lignocellulosic sugar (e.g., university researchers, national laboratories, industry/private sector)? Are there any

  6. Borregaard RFI DE-FOA-0001615 Cellulosic Sugar and Lignin Production Capabilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Request for Information (RFI) DE-FOA-0001615: Cellulosic Sugar and Lignin Production Capabilities Response from Borregaard AS, Hjalmar Wessels vei 6, 1721 Sarpsborg, NORWAY Response compiled by Martin Lersch, CTO Business development, martin.lersch@borregaard.com Category 2: Lignin Question 1: To which types of research entities are you willing and able to sell or otherwise provide your lignin? (e.g., university researchers, national laboratories, industry/private sector)? Are there any types of

  7. 27. Annual Offshore Technology Conference: 1995 Proceedings. Volume 4: Field drilling and development systems

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-31

    This conference proceedings represents volume 4 of a four volume set of offshore oil and gas operation and development. This proceedings includes papers dealing with subsea flowlines and connectors; well completion practices; new technologies associated with subsea wellheads; multiphase flow pumping and flow meters; and materials testing procedures for well tubulars. It also has a section on the overall technology utilization in developing the offshore areas of Brazil and Norway.

  8. IEA Agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 1996 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Elam, Carolyn C. )

    1997-01-31

    The annual report includes an overview of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement, including a brief summary of hydrogen in general. The Chairman's report provides highlights for the year. Sections are included on hydrogen energy activities in the IEA Hydrogen Agreement member countries, including Canada, European Commission, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the US. Lastly, Annex reports are given for the following tasks: Task 10, Photoproduction of Hydrogen, Task 11, Integrated Systems, and Task 12, Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage.

  9. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    24, 2016 | Release date: August 25, 2016 | Next release: September 1, 2016 | Previous weeks JUMP TO: In The News | Overview | Prices/Supply/Demand | Storage In the News: Gulf Coast's first ethane shipment soon to leave for Europe The first ethane shipment out of Enterprise Products Partners' (EPP) new export terminal in Morgan's Point, Texas, is preparing to set sail for Norway. As of Thursday morning, the JS INEOS Intrepid was docked at the terminal, preparing to take on its ethane cargo. The

  10. Global Impact for a Safe and Sustainable Future

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Newmiller DNV Renewables Services Global impact for a safe and sustainable future VALIDATION INFORMATION FOR PV POWER SYSTEM PROJECT REVIEW Presented by : Jeff Newmiller © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. DNV Renewables Services 20 January 2011 3 History : More than 145 years of managing risk  DNV (Det Norske Veritas) was established in 1864 in Norway  DNV is a leading international provider of services for managing risk  DNV is a foundation and reinvests all profits in

  11. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Combination of the Separation of Variable and the T-matrix Method for Computing Optical Properties of Spheroidal Particles Schulz, F.M., Eide, H.A., and Stamnes, K., University of Alaska, Fairbanks; Stamnes, J.J., University of Bergen, Norway Eighth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The growing interest in nonspherical particles in recent years has led to significant improvements of various light scattering models for different kinds of nonspherical particles. One

  12. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A New Approach for Computing Single Scattering Properties of Ice Clouds Using a Size-Shape Distribution of Spheroidal Particles Eide, H.A., and Stamnes, K., University of Alaska, Fairbanks; Stamnes, J.J., University of Bergen, Norway; Schulz, F.M., University of Rochester Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Clouds are of paramount importance for the global energy balance and hence for our climate. In global circulation models (GCMs), designed to predict future

  13. Carbon Capture News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Carbon Capture News DOE-Funded Carbon Capture Technology Moves Forward to Large-Scale Testing October 12, 2016 The Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that a DOE-funded project on second-generation carbon dioxide (CO2) solvent technology will begin testing at the Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) in western Norway. The DOE and the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy have a bilateral Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) covering fossil energy-related research to leverage each

  14. Radionuclide behavior in the environment

    SciTech Connect

    Tveten, U. )

    1991-09-01

    The purpose of this report is to document the results of the following task: Review for quality and consistency the available data on measurements of initial ground contamination of Chernobyl radionuclides in various parts of Norway and subsequent concentrations of these radionuclides in various environmental media as functions of time. Utilize the data obtained to verify the existing models, or to improve them, for describing radionuclide behavior in the environment. Some of the processes standard were: migration into soil; weathering; resuspension; food-chain contamination; and loss or reconcentration by run-off. The task performed within this contract has been to use post-Chernobyl data from Norway to verify or find areas for possible improvement in the chronic exposure pathway models utilized in MACCS. Work has consisted mainly of collecting and evaluating post-Chernobyl information from Norway or other countries when relevant; but has also included experimental work performed specifically for the current task. In most connections the data available show the models and data in MACCS to be appropriate. A few areas where the data indicate that the MACCS approach is faulty or inadequate are, however, pointed out in the report. These should be examined carefully, and appropriate modifications should eventually be made. 14 refs., 12 figs., 22 tabs.

  15. Radiation Monitoring at FGUP Atomflot and the Polyarninski Shipyard

    SciTech Connect

    Pomerville, J.; Griffith, A. G.; Moskowitz, P. D.; BNL; Endregard, M.; Sidhu, R. S.; Sundling, C-V.; Walderhaug, T.; Egorkin, A.; Kisselev, V.; Yanovskaya, N.; Tchernaenko, L.

    2003-02-26

    The Arctic Military Environmental Cooperation (AMEC) Program is a cooperative effort between military establishments of the Russian Federation, United States and Norway to reduce potential environmental threats from military installations and activities in the Arctic and enhancing the environmental security of all three countries. The goal of this project is to enhance the ability to effectively and safely perform radiological monitoring of objects at selected facilities for dismantlement of nuclear submarines and handling and disposition of spent nuclear fuel. Radiological monitoring is needed to protect workers at the sites engaged in dismantlement of nuclear submarines, the local public and the environment. This is to be accomplished by supply of radiation monitoring equipment and the installation of centralized radiological surveillance, the PICASSO Environmental Monitoring system developed by Institute for Energy Technology, Halden, Norway. The first site selected for th e installation of PICASSO will be at the FGUP Atomflot spent nuclear fuel pad site and liquid radioactive waste treatment facility. This will be followed by an installation of PICASSO at the Mobile Processing Facility at Polyarninski Shipyard. The implementation of the PICASSO system will be integrated with the other AMEC projects at both sites. Plans are being developed to implement the use of this system at most Russian Navy sites handling spent nuclear fuel. Dosimeters have been supplied by the US and with funds from Norway. This equipment will be used at the Polyarninski Shipyard.

  16. Fission track analysis, rift shoulder uplift, and tectonic modeling of the Norwegian Continental Margin

    SciTech Connect

    Andriessen, P.; Van Der Beek, P.; Cloetingh, S.; Rohrman, M. )

    1993-09-01

    Apatite fission track analysis from southern Norway and Sweden, across the Permian Carboniferous Oslo rift, are presented and discussed in relation to different rifting scenarios. Vertical and horizontal apatite fission tack profiles in middle and southern Norway unravel the post-Carboniferous history of the Fennoscandian shield. Fission track apatite ages range from 240 Ma in the south to 160 Ma in the north, and according to spontaneous fission track length measurements, they must be interpreted as mixed ages, indicating minor amounts of Paleozoic-Mesozoic sedimentary cover. Apatite fission track length and age modeling suggest rapid cooling and uplift in the Tertiary for the southernmost part of Norway, suggesting a differential uplift of the basement. the obtained data are important for the reconstruction of burial and thermal histories of Cenozoic sedimentary basins of the Norwegian continental margin in the northern North Sea, where diverse rifting events, intraplate stress regimes, and inversion tectonics are involved. Fission track analysis puts constraints on tectonic modeling of uplift of rift flanks and the Norwegian continental margin and yields information for these assessment of hydrocarbon potentials of the sedimentary basins.

  17. ARGE DFC - A European approach to MCFC commercialization

    SciTech Connect

    Kraus, P.; Huppmann, G.; Heiming, A.

    1996-12-31

    The largest European program for the commercialization of the molten carbonate fuel cell technology is carried out by the European Direct Fuel Cell Consortium (ARGE DFC). The consortium consists of the following companies: (1) MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH (Germany), within the DaimlerBenz Group responsible for off-road propulsion and decentralized energy systems. (2) Haldor Topsoe A/S (Denmark), a plant engineering company and specialist for catalytic processes (3) Elkraft A.m.b.A. (Denmark), one of the countries two utility companies (4) Ruhrgas AG (Germany), the largest German gas company (5) RWE AG (Germany), the largest German electrical utility company MTU acts as a consortium leader. The company shares a license and technology exchange agreement with Energy Research Corporation of Danbury, Connecticut.

  18. Stanislav Golubov, and Roger Stoller - Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Stanislav Golubov, and Roger Stoller - Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Alexander Barashev - Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee Bachu Singh - Materials Research Department, Risø National Laboratory (Technical University of Denmark) During service in a commercial power reactor, the components are subjected to high heat and pressure, and bombarded by radiation. The combination of these stressors causes most materials to

  19. Mass-selected Nanoparticles of PtxY as Model Catalysts for Oxygen

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Electroreduction | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Mass-selected Nanoparticles of PtxY as Model Catalysts for Oxygen Electroreduction Thursday, July 31, 2014 A team of researchers from the Technical University of Denmark and the SUNCAT Institute at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University has demonstrated the superior performance of nanoparticles of platinum-yttrium (PtxY) as catalysts for oxygen electroreduction. Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

  20. SSRL HEADLINES July 2014

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 - July 2014 View the Archives **Note for Outlook users: For easier reading, please click the bar at the top of this message that reads "This message was converted to plain text" and select "Display as HTML."** Science Highlights thumbnail Mass-selected Nanoparticles of PtxY as Model Catalysts for Oxygen Electroreduction - Contacts: Dan Friebel (SUNCAT), Ifan Stephens and Ib Chorkendorff (Technical University of Denmark) Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs),

  1. Active dc filter for HVDC systems

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, W. ); Asplund, G.

    1994-01-01

    This article is a case history of the installation of active dc filters for high-performance, low-cost harmonics filtering at the Lindome converter station in the Konti-Skan 2 HVDC transmission link between Denmark and Sweden. The topics of the article include harmonics, interference, and filters, Lindome active dc filter, active dc filter design, digital signal processor, control scheme, protection and fault monitoring, and future applications.

  2. Center on Nanostructuring for Efficient Energy Conversion - Partners

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Partners External Partners CNEEC's partners are an important element in our research in that they complement our scientific program. Our relationship with them not only provides complementary expertise and resources to the proposed program, but also offers opportunities to interact with industry for effective transfer of new concepts and technologies in energy sciences. We interact and collaborate with researchers from our partner institutions frequently: 1. The Technical University of Denmark

  3. Wind Energy Integration: Slides

    WindExchange

    information about integrating wind energy into the electricity grid. Wind Energy Integration Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 25907 Wind energy currently contributes significant power to energy portfolios around the world. *U.S. Department of Energy. (August 2015). 2014 Wind Technologies Market Report. Wind Energy Integration In 2014, Denmark led the way with wind power supplying roughly 39% of the country's electricity demand. Ireland, Portugal, and Spain provided more than 20% of their

  4. OSTIblog Articles in the koreascience Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information koreascience Topic Explore Science from around the World at WorldWideScience.org by Lorrie Johnson 07 Apr, 2008 in Products and Content Science from Finland, Sweden and Korea can now be found at WorldWideScience.org, the global gateway to science. This brings the total to 32 sources from 44 countries that can be searched. The new sources include the VTT Publications Register and VTT Research Register (from the VTT Technical Research Centre of

  5. Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21st Century Power Systems

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1stCenturyPower.org Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-57477 October 2013 Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21 st Century Power Systems Jaquelin Cochran, Mackay Miller, Michael Milligan, Erik Ela, Douglas Arent, and Aaron Bloom National Renewable Energy Laboratory Matthew Futch IBM Juha Kiviluoma and Hannele Holtinnen VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Antje Orths Energinet.dk Emilio Gómez-Lázaro and Sergio Martín-Martínez Universidad

  6. Mission Innovation Ministers Gather at COP22 for Public Event | Department

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Energy Mission Innovation Ministers Gather at COP22 for Public Event Mission Innovation Ministers Gather at COP22 for Public Event November 14, 2016 - 9:21am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov Marrakesh - Mission Innovation countries came together today here at the UN climate change conference, otherwise known as COP22, to report on developments one year on from its launch. Finland and the Netherlands were welcomed as the most recent members to join this global

  7. Twenty-second water reactor safety information meeting. Volume 2: Severe accident research, thermal hydraulic research for advanced passive LWRs, high-burnup fuel behavior

    SciTech Connect

    Monteleone, S.

    1995-04-01

    This three-volume report contains papers presented at the Twenty-Second Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting held at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel, Bethesda, Maryland, during the week of October 24-26, 1994. The papers are printed in the order of their presentation in each session and describe progress and results of programs in nuclear safety research conducted in this country and abroad. Foreign participation in the meeting included papers presented by researchers from Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Russia, and United Kingdom. The titles of the papers and the names of the authors have been updated and may differ from those that appeared in the final program of the meeting.

  8. Norrby_TAMU.dvi

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Clusters in 32 S, 34 S and 40 Ca M. Norrby Department of Physics, ˚ Abo Akademi University, 20500 Turku, Finland email: mnorrby@abo.fi The three nuclei 32 S, 34 S and 40 Ca have been examined with the relatively new method of inverse kinematics and a thick gas target. Experiments were carried out using the K-130 cyclotron at Jyv¨ askyl¨ a University, accelerating 150 MeV beams of 28 Si, 30 Si and 36 Ar into a scattering chamber filled with helium gas. Detectors at forward angles recorded

  9. Tuomas Koskela

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Tuomas Koskela Tuomas Koskela tuomas Tuomas Koskela Ph.D. Postdoctoral fellow tkoskela@lbl.gov NERSC 1 Cyclotron Rd MS 59R4010A Berkeley, CA 94720 US Background Tuomas Koskela got his PhD degree in applied physics from Aalto University (Finland) in 2015 under the supervision of Dr. Taina Kurki-Suonio. His thesis work was on Monte Carlo modelling of fast ion confinement in Tokamak fusion reactors under 3D magnetic perturbations. In his thesis he developed the ASCOT code for parallel particle

  10. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on the implementation of ALARA at nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect

    Khan, T.A.; Roecklein, A.K.

    1995-03-01

    This report contains the papers presented and the discussions that took place at the Third International Workshop on ALARA Implementation at Nuclear Power Plants, held in Hauppauge, Long Island, New York from May 8--11, 1994. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together scientists, engineers, health physicists, regulators, managers and other persons who are involved with occupational dose control and ALARA issues. The countries represented were: Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. The workshop was organized into twelve sessions and three panel discussions. Individual papers have been cataloged separately.

  11. Document1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    - Monday, January 11, 2016 Speaker - Wladyslaw Trzaska from University of Jyvaskyla, Finland Where: Cyclotron Seminar Room - 228 3:30 refreshment; 3:45 talk begins The Title: "The H unt f or N eutrino M ass H ierarchy a nd C P V iolation" Abstract: Neutrinos a re t he o nly p articles k nown t o d isobey t he p redictions o f t he S tandard Model. O ver t he p ast t wo d ecades n eutrino s tudies h ave p roduced a w ide r ange o f important d ata a nd n ew d iscoveries: n eutrino o

  12. ARM - Site Instruments

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Hyytiälä, FinlandInstruments Hyytiälä Deployment AMF Home Hyytiälä Home Experiment Planning Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan Deployment Operations Baseline Instruments and Data Plots at the Archive BAECC Instruments AMF2 Management and Operations Outreach News & Press BAECC Blog Backgrounder (PDF, 1.5MB) Poster (JPEG, 1.3MB) Education Flyer (English) (PDF, 1.3MB) Education Flyer (Finnish) (PDF, 1.3MB) Images Contacts Nicki Hickmon, AMF Operations Tuukka Petäjä, Principal

  13. International Committee on Traffic Conflict Techniques (ICTCT) calibration study at Malmo: a quantitative analysis of video recordings

    SciTech Connect

    van der Horst, A.R.A.

    1984-12-01

    To investigate a number of Traffic Conflict Techniques, three intersections at Malmo (Sweden) were studied by observer teams of eight countries while simultaneous video recordings were made. This set was analyzed quantitatively from video in order to get an objective description in terms of speed, deceleration, minimum distance, time-to-collision (TTC), and post-encroachment time (PET). The minimum TTC appeared to be the most important variable in explaining a common severity scale, but not the only one. Conflict type contributes substantially to the prediction of severity. Comparisons were made between calculated and estimated measures, like TTC for Sweden and Finland and PET for Canada.

  14. Word Pro - S11

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1 Table 11.1b World Crude Oil Production: Persian Gulf Nations, Non-OPEC, and World (Thousand Barrels per Day) Persian Gulf Nations b Selected Non-OPEC a Producers Total Non- OPEC a World Canada China Egypt Mexico Norway Former U.S.S.R. Russia United Kingdom United States 1973 Average .................... 20,668 1,798 1,090 165 465 32 8,324 NA 2 9,208 R 24,529 55,679 1975 Average .................... 18,934 1,430 1,490 235 705 189 9,523 NA 12 8,375 R 25,509 52,828 1980 Average

  15. Word Pro - S3

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7 Table 3.3d Petroleum Trade: Imports From Non-OPEC Countries (Thousand Barrels per Day) Brazil Canada Colombia Mexico Nether- lands Norway Russia a United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands Other Total Non-OPEC 1960 Average ...................... 1 120 42 16 NA NA - (s) NA NA 581 1965 Average ...................... - 323 51 48 1 - - (s) - 606 1,029 1970 Average ...................... 2 766 46 42 39 - 3 11 189 1,027 2,126 1975 Average ...................... 5 846 9 71 19 17 14 14 406 1,052 2,454 1980

  16. Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 2: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 Using data for the first seven months of 2012, Norway has the highest plug-in car market share at 2.55%. The Netherlands has the second highest plug-in market share (0.59%) and despite its small size, accounts for 16.1% of all plug-ins sold in Western Europe (see pie chart). France accounted for 22.3% of Western European plug-in car sales,

  17. DOE-Funded Carbon Capture Technology Moves Forward to Large-Scale Testing |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy DOE-Funded Carbon Capture Technology Moves Forward to Large-Scale Testing DOE-Funded Carbon Capture Technology Moves Forward to Large-Scale Testing October 12, 2016 - 10:00am Addthis The Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that a DOE-funded project on second-generation carbon dioxide (CO2) solvent technology will begin testing at the Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) in western Norway. The DOE and the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy have a

  18. IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Elam, Carolyn C.

    2001-12-01

    The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

  19. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect

    Knapp, D.H.

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  20. Untitled

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Stojan Jovanovic Kavli Ins$tute for Systems Neuroscience Trondheim, Norway Temporal Evolu$on of Grid Cell Learning Thursday, July 28, 2016 2:00 - 3:00 pm MSL Auditorium (TA-03 - Bldg 1698 - Room A103) Abstract : Grid cells are neurons in the brains of most mammals (such as mice, rats, bats and monkeys) that become ac7ve when the animal visits certain loca7ons in its environment. In neuroscience, a cells is said to be ac7ve if it fires off an ac7on poten7al, or spike, which is a transient

  1. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    825 Penn State University University Park, PA University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway FE/TDIC/Coal/Carbon Storage Team William Aljoe A Low-Cost Technique for In-situ Stress and Geomechanical Properties Measurement Algorithm development, numerical simulation, and data analysis. WILLIAM ALJOE Digitally signed by WILLIAM ALJOE DN: c=US, o=U.S. Government, ou=Department of Energy, cn=WILLIAM ALJOE, 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.1=89001000588802 Reason: I attest to the

  2. Environmental aspects of the TROLL terminal design

    SciTech Connect

    Weeks, D.J.

    1996-12-31

    Norway, in common with many countries nowadays, is very protective of its environment. This consciousness and responsibility are reflected by the strict limits on air pollution, in particular noise, and hydrocarbon contaminant levels in discharged water that were imposed for the TROLL terminal design. The capacity of the terminal and the size of its equipment have necessitated new research in the field of noise prediction some of which conflicts with current industry beliefs. This paper discusses some of the engineered solutions to in-plant and community noise abatement and describes the water treatment facilities installed to meet hydrocarbon discharge limits of 5 mg/l.

  3. Ice plug employed on subsea pipeline bend during repair

    SciTech Connect

    1997-12-22

    The first controlled-temperature ice plug in the bend of an offshore gas trunkline has been carried out for Phillips Petroleum Co. Norway on its Norpipe A.S. platform in the German sector of the North Sea. The procedure was part of a subsea valve repair operation. The ice plug was successfully formed offshore and tested to a differential pressure of 1,450 psi. Repair of two valves required only 5 days during which time gas production was operating at close to 50--60% via the platform bypass, says the service company. The paper discusses the procedure.

  4. NREL-Statoil Collaborate to Make the First Multi-Turbine Floating Offshore

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Array a Reality - News Releases | NREL NREL-Statoil Collaborate to Make the First Multi-Turbine Floating Offshore Array a Reality August 24, 2015 A recent study performed by the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is helping Norway-based Statoil analyze key issues related to the installation of what has the potential to be the world's first multi-turbine floating offshore array. Statoil deployed the first spar-based system called Hywind

  5. Precharacterization Report for Instrumented Fuel Assembly (IFA)-527

    SciTech Connect

    Cunningham, M. E.; Bradley, E. R.; Daniel, J. L.; Davis, N. C.; Lanning, D. D.; Williford, R. E.

    1981-07-01

    This report is a resource document covering the rationale, design, fabrication, and preirradiation characterization of instrumented fuel assembly (IFA)-527. This assembly is being irradiated in the Halden Boiling Water Reactor (HBWR) in Norway as part of the Experimental Support and Development of Single-Rod Fuel Codes Program conducted by Pacific Northwest laboratory (PNL) and sponsored by the Fuel Behavior Research Branch of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Data from this assembly will be used to better understand light water reactor (LWR) fuel behavior under normal operating conditions.

  6. Market assessment of PFBC ash use

    SciTech Connect

    Bland, A. E.; Brown, T. H., Western Research Institute

    1998-01-01

    Pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) of coal is undergoing demonstration in the United States, as well as throughout the world. American Electric Power`s (AEP`s) bubbling PFBC 70 MWe Tidd demonstration program in Ohio and pilot-scale development at Foster Wheeler Energia Oy 10 MWth circulating PFBC at Karhula, Finland, have demonstrated the advantages of PFBC technology. Further technology development in the US is planned with the deployment of the technology at the MacIntosh Clean Coal project in Lakeland, Florida. Development of uses for solid wastes from PFBC coal-fired power systems is being actively pursued as part of the demonstration of PFBC technologies. Ashes collected from Foster Wheeler Energia Oy pilot circulating PFBC tests in Karhula, Finland, operating on (1) low sulfur subbituminous and (2) high sulfur bituminous coal; and ash from the AEP`s high-sulfur bituminous coal-fired bubbling PFBC in Brilliant, Ohio, were evaluated in laboratory and pilot-scale ash use testing at Western Research Institute (WRI).

  7. Subarctic warming: Results from the global treeline project

    SciTech Connect

    Siren, G.; Shen, S.

    1996-12-31

    The authors reported last year at the 6th Global Warming Science and Policy Conference (GW6), April 3--6, 1995, San Francisco USA, the Global Treeline Project (BLECSCO) has definitively established the northward movement in the 20th century of the northernmost limit for pine trees in Finland. this movement is due to climate warming. The Finnish Forest Research Institute has been working on this problem between 1951 and 1996. The authors have observed over half a century the movements of the coniferous treeline. The subarctic pine tree line is used as a permanent bioindicator of climate change. The dynamic pine tree line in the subarctic of Finland serves as a reliable indicator of expected climate change in the future as well as of climatic fluctuations in the past. The FFRI has tracked comprehensively seed year frequencies, performed dendrochronological studies, fire studies, and ecological studies since the abundant seed year of 1948--50 to the present, and discovered that climate change has favored the northward movement of the pine limit. The authors report the detailed scientific methodology, data, and conclusions.

  8. Tunnel closure calculations

    SciTech Connect

    Moran, B.; Attia, A.

    1995-07-01

    When a deeply penetrating munition explodes above the roof of a tunnel, the amount of rubble that falls inside the tunnel is primarily a function of three parameters: first the cube-root scaled distance from the center of the explosive to the roof of the tunnel. Second the material properties of the rock around the tunnel, and in particular the shear strength of that rock, its RQD (Rock Quality Designator), and the extent and orientation of joints. And third the ratio of the tunnel diameter to the standoff distance (distance between the center of explosive and the tunnel roof). The authors have used CALE, a well-established 2-D hydrodynamic computer code, to calculate the amount of rubble that falls inside a tunnel as a function of standoff distance for two different tunnel diameters. In particular they calculated three of the tunnel collapse experiments conducted in an iron ore mine near Kirkeness, Norway in the summer of 1994. The failure model that they used in their calculations combines an equivalent plastic strain criterion with a maximum tensile strength criterion and can be calibrated for different rocks using cratering data as well as laboratory experiments. These calculations are intended to test and improve the understanding of both the Norway Experiments and the ACE (Array of conventional Explosive) phenomenology.

  9. INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION ON CO2 SEQUESTRATION

    SciTech Connect

    H.J. Herzog; E.E. Adams

    1999-08-23

    The ocean represents the largest potential sink for anthropogenic CO{sub 2}. In order to better understand this potential, Japan, Norway, and the United States signed a Project Agreement for International Collaboration on CO{sub 2} Ocean Sequestration in December 1997; since that time, Canada and ABB (Switzerland) have joined the project. The objective of the project is to investigate the technical feasibility of, and improve understanding of the environmental impacts from, CO{sub 2} ocean sequestration in order to minimize the impacts associated with the eventual use of this technique to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. The project will continue through March 31, 2002, with a field experiment to take place in the summer of 2000 off the Kona Coast of Hawaii. The implementing research organizations are the Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (Japan), the Norwegian Institute for Water Research (Norway), and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA). The general contractor for the project will be the Pacific International Center for High Technology Research in Hawaii. A Technical Committee has been formed to supervise the technical aspects and execution of this project. The members of this committee are the co-authors of this paper. In this paper we discuss key issues involved with the design, ocean engineering, measurements, siting, and costs of this experiment.

  10. The state offshore: Petroleum, politics and state intervention on the British and Norwegian Continental Shelves

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, B.F.

    1991-01-01

    Britain and Norway divide between them most of the North Sea offshore oil fields, and much of the natural gas resources. They have in common first world economic status and western political and cultural heritage. They differ in that Britain has by far the larger economy and the Norwegian state has a history of more active participation in its economy. Brent F. Nelson's study is predicated on the premise that a detailed analysis of how these two nations have chosen to mediate the relationships between government and the oil industry would be an interesting case study with broader implications for a political theory of state intervention in natural resource industries. Nelson has provided a narrative, interpretive history of government-industry relationships in Britain and Norway, concerning offshore oil and gas development. Much of this material is interesting, especially to readers unfamiliar with the details; and the conclusions, in so far as they go, are plausible. Nelson's demonstration of the powerful influences that a nation's political and institutional traditions have on they way it handles new opportunities provides a useful counterpoint to the historical approach favored by some policy analysts. However, Nelson has not delivered a fundamental analysis of the relationship between the state and a mobile industry that exploits a stationary and exhaustible resource.

  11. Electric heat tracing designed to prevent icing

    SciTech Connect

    Lonsdale, J.T.; Norrby, T.

    1985-11-01

    Mobile offshore rigs designed for warmer climates are not capable of operating year-round in the arctic or near-arctic regions. Icing is but one major operational problem in these waters. The danger of instability due to ice loading exists on an oil rig as well as on a ship. From a safety standpoint, ice must be prevented from forming on the helideck, escape passages, escape doors and hatches and handrails. Norsk Hydro A/S, as one of the major operators in the harsh environment outside northern Norway, recognized at an early stage the need for special considerations for the drilling rigs intended for year-round drilling in these regions. In 1982 Norsk Hydro awarded a contract for an engineering study leading to the design of a harsh environment semisubmersible drilling rig. The basic requirement was to develop a unit for safe and efficient year-round drilling operation in the waters of northern Norway. The study was completed in 1983 and resulted in a comprehensive report including a building specification. The electric heat tracing system designed to prevent icing on the unit is described.

  12. Demonstration and Deployment Workshop Day 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Beta Renewables: Beta Renewables is a joint venture, created in October 2011, between Biochemtex and the American private investment firm TPG (Texas Pacific Group), with a capital of 250 million Euros Novozymes, Denmark-based world-class industrial enzyme company acquired 10% share of Beta Renewables in Oct 2012 The JV is the owner of the Proesa (tm) technology, used to produce biofuels and chemical intermediates It has invested in the construction of the world s 1st commercial-scale plant in

  13. Animal manure digestion systems in central Europe

    SciTech Connect

    Koeberle, E.

    1996-01-01

    This work provides an overview of existing plants in Europe and describes the substrates being used. It focuses on the individual farm-scale and community plants, as these are the two main types now being built. It also describes plants currently under construction, especially in Germany and Denmark, where the major efforts are focused. A description of how the technique has developed over the past few years, its current state of development, the motivation and economic balance, and the substrate characteristics, is presented.

  14. Aquifer thermal energy (heat and chill) storage

    SciTech Connect

    Jenne, E.A.

    1992-11-01

    As part of the 1992 Intersociety Conversion Engineering Conference, held in San Diego, California, August 3--7, 1992, the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program coordinated five sessions dealing specifically with aquifer thermal energy storage technologies (ATES). Researchers from Sweden, The Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Canada, and the United States presented papers on a variety of ATES related topics. With special permission from the Society of Automotive Engineers, host society for the 1992 IECEC, these papers are being republished here as a standalone summary of ATES technology status. Individual papers are indexed separately.

  15. Indoor Chemical Exposures: Humans' Non-respiratory Interactions with Room Air

    ScienceCinema

    Charles Weschler

    2010-09-01

    March 18, 2010 Berkeley Lab Environmental Energy Technology Division distinguished lecture: The marked difference in pollutant concentrations between an occupied and un-occupied room are only partially explained by human bio-effluents. Humans alter levels of ozone and related oxidants such as nitrate and hydroxyl radicals in the rooms they inhabit; in effect, they change the oxidative capacity of room air. Ozone-initiated reactions on exposed skin, hair and clothing generate products, including potentially irritating chemicals whose concentrations are much higher in the occupant's breathing zone than in the core of the room. Charles J. Weschler is a Professor at the School of Public Health, the Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine and the Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI) at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)/Robert Wood Johnson Medical School & Rutgers University (New Jersey). He is also a Visiting Professor at the International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Technical University of Denmark (DTU, Lyngby, Denmark).

  16. Indoor Chemical Exposures: Humans' Non-respiratory Interactions with Room Air

    SciTech Connect

    Charles Weschler

    2010-03-29

    March 18, 2010 Berkeley Lab Environmental Energy Technology Division distinguished lecture: The marked difference in pollutant concentrations between an occupied and un-occupied room are only partially explained by human bio-effluents. Humans alter levels of ozone and related oxidants such as nitrate and hydroxyl radicals in the rooms they inhabit; in effect, they change the oxidative capacity of room air. Ozone-initiated reactions on exposed skin, hair and clothing generate products, including potentially irritating chemicals whose concentrations are much higher in the occupant's breathing zone than in the core of the room. Charles J. Weschler is a Professor at the School of Public Health, the Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine and the Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI) at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)/Robert Wood Johnson Medical School & Rutgers University (New Jersey). He is also a Visiting Professor at the International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Technical University of Denmark (DTU, Lyngby, Denmark).

  17. Consistent quantification of climate impacts due to biogenic carbon storage across a range of bio-product systems

    SciTech Connect

    Guest, Geoffrey Bright, Ryan M. Cherubini, Francesco Strmman, Anders H.

    2013-11-15

    Temporary and permanent carbon storage from biogenic sources is seen as a way to mitigate climate change. The aim of this work is to illustrate the need to harmonize the quantification of such mitigation across all possible storage pools in the bio- and anthroposphere. We investigate nine alternative storage cases and a wide array of bio-resource pools: from annual crops, short rotation woody crops, medium rotation temperate forests, and long rotation boreal forests. For each feedstock type and biogenic carbon storage pool, we quantify the carbon cycle climate impact due to the skewed time distribution between emission and sequestration fluxes in the bio- and anthroposphere. Additional consideration of the climate impact from albedo changes in forests is also illustrated for the boreal forest case. When characterizing climate impact with global warming potentials (GWP), we find a large variance in results which is attributed to different combinations of biomass storage and feedstock systems. The storage of biogenic carbon in any storage pool does not always confer climate benefits: even when biogenic carbon is stored long-term in durable product pools, the climate outcome may still be undesirable when the carbon is sourced from slow-growing biomass feedstock. For example, when biogenic carbon from Norway Spruce from Norway is stored in furniture with a mean life time of 43 years, a climate change impact of 0.08 kg CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored (100 year time horizon (TH)) would result. It was also found that when biogenic carbon is stored in a pool with negligible leakage to the atmosphere, the resulting GWP factor is not necessarily ? 1 CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored. As an example, when biogenic CO{sub 2} from Norway Spruce biomass is stored in geological reservoirs with no leakage, we estimate a GWP of ? 0.56 kg CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored (100 year TH) when albedo effects are also included. The large variance in GWPs across the range of

  18. Large-scale soil bioremediation using white-rot fungi

    SciTech Connect

    Holroyd, M.L.; Caunt, P.

    1995-12-31

    Some organic pollutant compounds are considered resistant to conventional bioremediation because of their structure or behavior in soil. This phenomenon, together with the increasing need to reach lower target levels in shorter time periods, has shown the need for improved or alternative biological processes. It has been known for some time that the white-rot fungi, particularly the species Phanerochaete chrysosporium, have potentially useful abilities to rapidly degrade pollutant molecules. The use of white-rot fungi at the field scale presents a number of challenges, and this paper outlines the use of a process incorporating Phanerochaete to successfully bioremediate over 6,000 m{sup 3} of chlorophenol-contaminated soil at a site in Finland. Moreover, the method developed is very cost-effective and proved capable of reaching the very low target levels within the contracted time span.

  19. Peat as an energy alternative

    SciTech Connect

    Punwani, D.V.

    1980-07-01

    The importance of developing alternative energy sources to augment supplies of fossil fuels is growing all over the world. Coal, oil shale, tar sands, biomass, solar, geothermal, nuclear, and hydroelectric power have received considerable attention as alternative energy sources. One large energy resource, however, has received little attention until recently. That resource is peat. Although peat is used as an energy source in some countries such as Russia, Ireland, and Finland, it is virtually unexploited in many countries including the United States. This paper provides an understanding of peat: its varieties, abundance, and distribution; its value as an energy alternative; its current and future role as an energy alternative; and the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of large-scale peat utilization.

  20. Operator experiences on working in screen-based control rooms

    SciTech Connect

    Salo, L.; Laarni, J.; Savioja, P.

    2006-07-01

    This paper introduces the results of two interview studies carried out in Finland in four conventional power plants and one nuclear power plant. The aim of the studies was to gather data on user experiences on the effects of control room modernization and digital control room technology on operator work Since the number of completed digitalization projects in nuclear power plants is small supplementary information was gathered by interviewing operators in conventional power plants. Our results suggest that even though the modernization processes have been success stories, they have created new challenges for operator personnel. Examples of these challenges are increased requirements for competence and collaboration, problems in trust calibration and development of awareness of the process state. Some major differences in the digitalization of human-system interfaces between conventional and nuclear power plants were discussed. (authors)

  1. International project -- RBMK safety review

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, S.F.; Gabaraev, B.A.

    1996-07-01

    A major international RBMK safety review project managed by AEA Technology and funded by the CEC TACIS Programme, and the governments of Canada, Sweden and Finland is assessing the safety of RBMK Reactors as operated in Russia, Lithuania and Ukraine. RBMK reactors have been the subject of numerous safety studies by other Eastern and Western European organizations and Canada. Their objectives were, by necessity, not consistent (for example, identifying the deficiencies, reviewing and assessing the safety, checking the existing safety reports, establishing western style safety justifications). However, they share a common technical content in many areas. As a result a considerable number of Safety Recommendations have already been published. The current problem is to categorize and evaluate these recommendations.

  2. Combustion Properties of Biomass Flash Pyrolysis Oils: Final Project Report

    SciTech Connect

    C. R. Shaddix; D. R. Hardesty

    1999-04-01

    Thermochemical pyrolysis of solid biomass feedstocks, with subsequent condensation of the pyrolysis vapors, has been investigated in the U.S. and internationally as a means of producing a liquid fuel for power production from biomass. This process produces a fuel with significantly different physical and chemical properties from traditional petroleum-based fuel oils. In addition to storage and handling difficulties with pyrolysis oils, concern exists over the ability to use this fuel effectively in different combustors. The report endeavors to place the results and conclusions from Sandia's research into the context of international efforts to utilize pyrolysis oils. As a special supplement to this report, Dr. Steven Gust, of Finland's Neste Oy, has provided a brief assessment of pyrolysis oil combustion research efforts and commercialization prospects in Europe.

  3. Harnessing Vehicle Automation for Public Mobility -- An Overview of Ongoing Efforts

    SciTech Connect

    Young, Stanley E.

    2015-11-05

    This presentation takes a look at the efforts to harness automated vehicle technology for public transport. The European CityMobil2 is the leading demonstration project in which automated shuttles were, or are planned to be, demonstrated in several cities and regions. The presentation provides a brief overview of the demonstrations at Oristano, Italy (July 2014), LaRochelle, France (Dec 2014), Lausanne, Switzerland (Apr 2015), Vantaa, Finland (July 2015), and Trikala, Greece (Sept 2015). In addition to technology exposition, the objectives included generating a legal framework for operation in each location and gaging the reaction of the public to unmanned shuttles, both of which were successfully achieved. Several such demonstrations are planned throughout the world, including efforts in North America in conjunction with the GoMentum Station in California. These early demonstration with low-speed automated shuttles provide a glimpse of the possible with a fully automated fleet of driverless vehicle providing a public transit service.

  4. Low-level radioactive waste disposal technologies used outside the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Templeton, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.; Molton, P.M.; Leigh, I.W.

    1994-01-01

    Low-level radioactive waste (LLW) disposal technologies are an integral part of the waste management process. In the United States, commercial LLW disposal is the responsibility of the State or groups of States (compact regions). The United States defines LLW as all radioactive waste that is not classified as spent nuclear fuel, high- level radioactive waste, transuranic waste, or by-product material as defined in Section II(e)(2) of the Atomic Energy Act. LLW may contain some long-lived components in very low concentrations. Countries outside the United States, however, may define LLW differently and may use different disposal technologies. This paper outlines the LLW disposal technologies that are planned or being used in Canada, China, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom (UK).

  5. An assessment of the effect on Olkiluoto repository capacity achievable with advanced fuel cycles

    SciTech Connect

    Juutilainen, P.; Viitanen, T.

    2013-07-01

    Previously a few scenarios have been simulated for transition from thermal to fast reactor fleet in Finland in order to determine how much the transuranic inventory could be reduced with the partitioning and transmutation (P-T) technologies. Those calculations, performed with COSI6 code developed by CEA, are extended in the present study, in which the effect of P-T on the capacity of the planned final disposal repository at Olkiluoto (Finland) is evaluated by taking into account the created fission products and transuranic residuals from the reprocessing operations. The decay heat is assumed to be the most restrictive factor in defining the waste disposal packing density. The repository capacity evaluation of this study is based on the comparison of the decay heats produced by the deposited waste in various scenarios. The reference scenario of this article involves only Light Water Reactors (LWR) in an open fuel cycle. The capacity requirement of the geological repository is estimated in a few closed fuel cycle scenarios, all including actinide transmutation with Fast Reactors (FR). The comparison between the P-T scenarios and reference is based on the decay heat production of the deposited waste. The COSI6 code is used for simulations to provide the repository decay heat curves. Applying the closed fuel cycle would change the disposal concept and schedule, because of which it is not quite straightforward to assess the impact of P-T on the capacity. However, it can be concluded that recycling the transuranic nuclides probably decreases the required volume for the disposal, but thermal dimensioning analysis is needed for more specific conclusions.

  6. Granite disposal of U.S. high-level radioactive waste.

    SciTech Connect

    Freeze, Geoffrey A.; Mariner, Paul E.; Lee, Joon H.; Hardin, Ernest L.; Goldstein, Barry; Hansen, Francis D.; Price, Ronald H.; Lord, Anna Snider

    2011-08-01

    This report evaluates the feasibility of disposing U.S. high-level radioactive waste in granite several hundred meters below the surface of the earth. The U.S. has many granite formations with positive attributes for permanent disposal. Similar crystalline formations have been extensively studied by international programs, two of which, in Sweden and Finland, are the host rocks of submitted or imminent repository license applications. This report is enabled by the advanced work of the international community to establish functional and operational requirements for disposal of a range of waste forms in granite media. In this report we develop scoping performance analyses, based on the applicable features, events, and processes (FEPs) identified by international investigators, to support generic conclusions regarding post-closure safety. Unlike the safety analyses for disposal in salt, shale/clay, or deep boreholes, the safety analysis for a mined granite repository depends largely on waste package preservation. In crystalline rock, waste packages are preserved by the high mechanical stability of the excavations, the diffusive barrier of the buffer, and favorable chemical conditions. The buffer is preserved by low groundwater fluxes, favorable chemical conditions, backfill, and the rigid confines of the host rock. An added advantage of a mined granite repository is that waste packages would be fairly easy to retrieve, should retrievability be an important objective. The results of the safety analyses performed in this study are consistent with the results of comprehensive safety assessments performed for sites in Sweden, Finland, and Canada. They indicate that a granite repository would satisfy established safety criteria and suggest that a small number of FEPs would largely control the release and transport of radionuclides. In the event the U.S. decides to pursue a potential repository in granite, a detailed evaluation of these FEPs would be needed to inform site

  7. Word Pro - S11

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    b World Crude Oil Production by Selected Countries (Million Barrels per Day) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 169 3.652 3.938 0.482 2.193 1.763 10.254 0.970 8.685 1.320 1.876 0.545 0.845 4.130 4.415 2.570 0.310 1.880 1.537 10.670 2.840 2.220 3.821 4.263 0.524 2.308 1.611 10.213 0.839 9.418 1.370 1.890 0.538 0.772 3.300 4.325 2.550 0.400 2.245 1.537 10.400 2.820 2.500 Canada China Egypt Mexico Norway Russia United Kingdom United States Algeria Angola

  8. Rocky Mountain Research Station and LANL build

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History All Countries 89,636 82,068 91,687 95,299 95,725 107,024 1981-2015 Persian Gulf 1995-2002 OPEC* 6 7 2005-2012 Algeria 6 2007-2010 Nigeria 1995-2002 United Arab Emirates 1995-2002 Venezuela 7 2005-2012 Non OPEC* 89,630 82,068 91,680 95,299 95,725 107,024 1993-2015 Brazil 8 2006-2010 Canada 89,615 82,068 91,662 95,299 95,725 107,024 1993-2015 Egypt 18 2012-2012 Mexico 1995-2006 Norway 2007-2007 Russia 7 2010-2010 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable;

  9. International energy outlook. Volume 2. Europe (including USSR)

    SciTech Connect

    Jablonski, D.M.

    1982-01-01

    Europe, like the rest of the globe, still is reeling from the blows of energy crises. European countries are finding energy a critical bottom line to their development and future well-being. To reduce energy dependency and improve fiscal balance, the countries are placing increasing emphasis on exploiting their indigenous energy sources. This volume, Volume 2 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining energy trends and related data in 10 European countries: France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, West Germany, Yugoslvania and the Soviet Union. The range and detail of country coverage vary, dut to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations, its main emphasis is on the future, including estimates of future production and consumption, and descriptions of energy-development plans. The countries not endowed with large petroleum resources are moving toward non-oil sources. 5 references, 65 tables.

  10. Fission gas and iodine release measured in IFA-430 up to 15 GWd/t UO/sub 2/ burnup. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect

    Appelhans, A.D.; Turnbull, J.A.; White, R.J.

    1983-01-01

    The release of fission products from fuel pellets to the fuel-cladding gap is dependent on the fuel temperature, the power (fission rate) and the burnup (fuel structure). As part of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Fuel Behavior Program, EG and G Idaho, Inc., is conducting fission product release studies in the Heavy Boiling Water Reactor in Halden, Norway. This paper presents a summary of the results up to December, 1982. The data cover fuel centerline temperatures ranging from 700 to 1500/sup 0/C for average linear heat ratings of 16 to 35 kW/m. The measurements have been performed for the period between 4.2 and 14.8 GWd/t UO/sub 2/ of burnup of the Instrumented Fuel Assembly 430 (IFA-430). The measurement program has been directed toward quantifying the release of the short-lived radioactive noble gases and iodines.

  11. Comparison of GAPCON-THERMAL-3 and FRAPCON-2 fuel-performance codes to in-reactor measurement of elastic cladding deformation. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect

    Lanning, D.D.; Rausch, W.N.; Williford, R.E.

    1981-01-01

    A revision of the GAPCON-3 computer code became part of the NRC-sponsored FRAPCON-2 code. This paper presents a comparison of both codes to in-reactor data from IFA-508, a 3-rod test rig in the Halden Reactor, Norway, which features simultaneous measurements of fuel temperature, power, axial elongation, and diametral strain. The modeling revisions included putting all regions of the fuel in contact with cladding at all time, but assigning non-linear, spatially dependent, anisotropic elastic moduli to the fuel on an incremental load step basis. The moduli are functions of the local available void within the cladding. These concepts bring demonstrable improvement to the code predictions.

  12. Worldwide offshore effort at record level--will it continue

    SciTech Connect

    King, R.E.

    1982-07-01

    Worldwide offshore exxloration levels reached new highs during the past year. A large gas find was made off northern Norway at 72/sup 0/N lat. Oil was discovered off Abu Dhabi in the Persian Gulf, and off South Yemen and southeastern India. North Sea activity slowed because of increased taxes. Off the U.S., new frontier zones were leased, at water depths up to 7,000 feet. A large oil discovery was made off southern California. The Chinese continental shelf was opened for bidding. The world oil surplus and lower crude prices have resulted in budget trimming for offshore development and there will probably be a decline in overall exploration expenditures in 1982-1983.

  13. Imminent: Irradiation Testing of (Th,Pu)O{sub 2} Fuel - 13560

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, Julian F.; Franceschini, Fausto

    2013-07-01

    Commercial-prototype thorium-plutonium oxide (Th-MOX) fuel pellets have been loaded into the material test reactor in Halden, Norway. The fuel is being operated at full power - with instrumentation - in simulated LWR / PHWR conditions and its behaviour is measured 'on-line' as it operates to high burn-up. This is a vital test on the commercialization pathway for this robust new thoria-based fuel. The performance data that is collected will support a fuel modeling effort to support its safety qualification. Several different samples of Th-MOX fuel will be tested, thereby collecting information on ceramic behaviours and their microstructure dependency. The fuel-cycle reasoning underpinning the test campaign is that commercial Th- MOX fuels are an achievable intermediate / near-term SNF management strategy that integrates well with a fast reactor future. (authors)

  14. An overview of worldwide development activity in building-integrated photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect

    Strong, S.J.

    1995-12-31

    The last two decades have brought significant charges to the design profession. Architects with vision have come to understand it is no longer the goal of good design to simply create a building that is pleasing; buildings of the future must be environmentally responsive as well. Increased levels of thermal insulation, healthier interiors, higher-efficiency lighting, better glazings and HVAC equipment, air to air heat exchangers and heat recovery ventilation systems are important steps in the right direction. However, more needs to be done and the area of photovoltaics is one of the most promising renewable energy technologies. This paper is a country by country description of component and system development along with selected examples of Solar Electric architecture. Countries described include Japan, Germany, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Spain, Sweden, Italy, Canada, Norway.

  15. Sixth biennial wind energy conference and workshop

    SciTech Connect

    Glenn, B.H.

    1984-01-01

    This book presents the papers given at the Sixth Biennial Wind Energy Conference and Workshop held in Minneapolis/St. Paul in 1983. Topics considered include the US wind energy program (e.g., the vertical axis wind turbine program, the SERI program), international wind energy programs (e.g., Netherlands, UK, Norway), large wind systems (e.g. Mod-2 wind turbine development), small wind systems (e.g. wind powered heating systems), vertical axis wind systems (e.g. advanced Darrieus wind turbines), advanced concepts (e.g. giromill rotors), community and wind farm applications (e.g. utility-owned wind turbines), aerodynamics and wakes, wind characteristics, wind turbine performance and testing, safety and environment, stand-alone systems, dynamic analysis, utility interconnection, and other applications and considerations such as the double output induction generator.

  16. Microsoft Word - table_08.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    25 Table 8. Summary of U.S. natural gas imports, 2011-2015 Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada a 3,117,081 2,962,827 2,785,427 2,634,375 2,625,359 Mexico 2,672 314 1,069 1,426 933 Total Pipeline Imports 3,119,753 2,963,140 2,786,496 2,635,801 2,626,291 LNG by Truck Canada 0 0 555 132 437 LNG by Vessel Egypt 35,120 2,811 0 0 0 Nigeria 2,362 0 2,590 0 0 Norway 15,175 6,212 5,627 5,616 12,194 Peru 16,620 0 0 0 0 Qatar 90,972 33,823 7,320 0 0 Trinidad/Tobago 128,620 112,207 69,744

  17. Table 7.4 Coal Imports by Country of Origin, 2000-2011 (Short Tons)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coal Imports by Country of Origin, 2000-2011 (Short Tons) Year Australia New Zealand Canada Mexico Colombia Venezuela China India Indonesia Europe South Africa Other Total Norway Poland Russia Ukraine United Kingdom Other Total 2000 167,595 0 1,923,434 6,671 7,636,614 2,038,774 19,646 205 718,149 0 0 1,212 0 238 0 1,450 0 85 12,512,623 2001 315,870 24,178 2,571,415 8,325 11,176,191 3,335,258 109,877 1,169 882,455 15,933 514,166 219,077 0 75,704 12 824,892 440,408 97,261 19,787,299 2002 821,280 0

  18. North Sea downhole corrosion: identifying the problem; implementing the solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Houghton, C.J.; Westermark, R.V.

    1982-01-01

    Greater Ekofisk apparently has the most severe corrosion conditions down hole of the North Sea oil fields now in production. Tubing failures, due to CO/sub 2/ corrosion and erosion, have been occurring since 1978. Many of the failures have occurred in production conditions previously considered noncorrosive. Three case histories describing different modes of corrosion are presented. Phillips Petroleum Co. Norway established a corrosion task force to find the best methods to control the corrosion. The methods were evaluated using a combination of surface corrosion monitoring, tubing caliper surveys, and inspection of recovered tubing. The economics of the different treating methods utilized are reviewed. A cost-effective approach to the monitoring and chemical treating of CO/sub 2/ corrosion conditions in offshore production operations is presented.

  19. Tanker spills Norwegian crude oil off Shetlands

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-11

    This paper reports that crude oil was spilling last week from the U.S. owned Braer tanker after the 89,000 dwt vessel ran aground on the south end of Scotland's Shetland Islands. Workers were trying to assess the extent of damage to the tanker, shoreline, and wildlife after the January 5 accident. Braer's cargo amounted to 607,000 bbl of Norwegian oil bound for Canada. Braer loaded its cargo and sailed January 3 from Den norske stats oljeselskap AS's Mongstad, Norway, terminal with crude from Gullfaks field in the Norwegian North Sea. The $11 million shipment was destined for Ultramar Canada Inc.'s 125,000 b/d refinery at St. Romuald, Que.

  20. Advanced composites enhance coiled tubing capabilities

    SciTech Connect

    Sas-Jaworsky, A.; Williams, J.G.

    1994-04-01

    From early coiled tubing (CT) use to recent operations, most concerns have been about tube damage from past service and remaining safe working life. Composite CT (CCT) is designed and constructed to exhibit unique anisotropic characteristics relative to steel or alternative isotropic materials that expand burst, collapse, tensile and compressive load performance capabilities. In 1988, Conoco Inc. began a development effort focused on using high-performance composite materials to meet numerous challenges associated with current and future oil and gas exploration and development. At that time, Conoco initiated a project to explore composite materials use for high-pressure, long-length, non-corroding tubulars with primary application as onshore water injection lines. In 1989, Conoco awarded a contract to AMAT a/s in Sandefjord, Norway to develop spoolable composite pipe for small diameter subsea lines. Concurrent with ongoing spoolable composite subsea lines, Conoco also began to explore high-performance CCT development in 1989.

  1. UK group plans major methanol project

    SciTech Connect

    1996-07-31

    International Offshore Chemicals (IOC; Aberdeen, UK), a project development and management company, has formed a consortium to seek permission to build a 2,500-m.t./day methanol plant near the St. Fergus terminal in northeast Scotland. Robert Spiers, technical adviser to IOC, tells CW that the $255-million plant, based on the ICI process, would begin production in second-quarter 1999. The key market would be Europe. Jacobs Engineering and Davy are negotiating for the construction contract. Spiers says Europe imports 3 million m.t./year of methanol, and-even with Statoil`s plant under construction in Norway-there is room for more. ICI is the UK`s only producer of methanol. Another company, reportedly Kemira, may build a 360,000-m.t./year ammonia plant nearby if the methanol scheme goes ahead.

  2. Converting DYNAMO simulations to Powersim Studio simulations

    SciTech Connect

    Walker, La Tonya Nicole; Malczynski, Leonard A.

    2014-02-01

    DYNAMO is a computer program for building and running 'continuous' simulation models. It was developed by the Industrial Dynamics Group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for simulating dynamic feedback models of business, economic, and social systems. The history of the system dynamics method since 1957 includes many classic models built in DYANMO. It was not until the late 1980s that software was built to take advantage of the rise of personal computers and graphical user interfaces that DYNAMO was supplanted. There is much learning and insight to be gained from examining the DYANMO models and their accompanying research papers. We believe that it is a worthwhile exercise to convert DYNAMO models to more recent software packages. We have made an attempt to make it easier to turn these models into a more current system dynamics software language, Powersim Studio produced by Powersim AS2 of Bergen, Norway. This guide shows how to convert DYNAMO syntax into Studio syntax.

  3. Global Volunteer Observing Ship (VOS) Program Data

    DOE Data Explorer

    CDIAC provides data management support for the Global Volunteer Observing Ship (VOS) Program. The VOS project is coordinated by the UNESCO International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP). The international groups from 14 countries have been outfitting research ships and commercial vessels with automated CO2 sampling equipment to analyze the carbon exchange between the ocean and atmosphere. [copied from http://cdiac.ornl.gov/oceans/genInfo.html] CDIAC provides a map interface with the shipping routes of the 14 countries involved marked in different colors. Clicking on the ship's name on that route brings up information about the vessel, the kinds of measurements collected and the timeframe, links to project pages, and, most important, the links to the data files themselves. The 14 countries are: United States, United Kingdom, Japan, France, Germany, Australia, Canada, Spain, Norway, New Zealand, China (including Taiwan), Iceland, and the Netherlands. Both archived and current, underway data can be accessed from the CDIAC VOS page.

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.3 Value of Construction and Research

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    5 2007-2010 Investment into Construction and Energy R&D, by Selected Country Year United States 2007 0.1 0.6 Australia 2010 5.2 1.8 China 2009 1.3 2.5 France 2007 0.4 1.6 Germany 2008 0.1 0.3 Italy 2010 0.9 0.8 Japan 2009 1.0 0.5 Norway 2008 1.4 2.2 Portugal 2008 1.7 6.0 South Africa 2007 0.1 16.2 South Korea 2008 2.5 1.0 United Kingdom 2008 0.1 0.2 Note(s): Source(s): Includes all construction (e.g., bridges, roads, dams, buildings, etc.). National Science Board, Science and Engineering

  5. Subsea HIPPS design procedure

    SciTech Connect

    Aaroe, R.; Lund, B.F.; Onshus, T.

    1995-12-31

    The paper is based on a feasibility study investigating the possibilities of using a HIPPS (High Integrity Pressure Protection System) to protect a subsea pipeline that is not rated for full wellhead shut-in pressure. The study was called the Subsea OPPS Feasibility Study, and was performed by SINTEF, Norway. Here, OPPS is an acronym for Overpressure Pipeline Protection System. A design procedure for a subsea HIPPS is described, based on the experience and knowledge gained through the ``Subsea OPPS Feasibility Study``. Before a subsea HIPPS can be applied, its technical feasibility, reliability and profitability must be demonstrated. The subsea HIPPS design procedure will help to organize and plan the design activities both with respect to development and verification of a subsea HIPPS. The paper also gives examples of how some of the discussed design steps were performed in the Subsea OPPS Feasibility Study. Finally, further work required to apply a subsea HIPPS is discussed.

  6. Subsea control system undergoes qualification test

    SciTech Connect

    Lia, A.

    1996-10-01

    The booming market for subsea equipment has spawned the development of new control technologies. Proper testing is required before incorporating these new systems in production applications. In early 1996, French firm ECA began a 6-month test of a lightweight subsea control system at the offshore premises of Frame Engineering in Bergen, Norway. The purpose of the 6-month experiment is to test the various components of a control system. These include the tele-operated valve (TOV), a 66-lb (30-kg) module which provides electrohydraulic control of a Christmas tree, the subsea hydro-electric pump (HPU), the electrical inductively coupled link which provides power and data transmission on a single wire cable, and the subsea mateable optical connector.

  7. DEEPWATER SUBSEA LIQUID/GAS SEPARATION PROCESS UNDER LIVE OIL PRODUCTION CONDITIONS IN THE GULF OF MEXICO

    SciTech Connect

    E. T. Cousins

    2003-04-24

    This report includes technical progress made during the period October 2001 to October 2002. At the end of the first technical progress report the project was moving from feasibility of equipment design work to application of this equipment to the actual site for potential demonstration. The effort focuses on reservoir analysis cost estimations of not only the sub-sea processing unit but also the wells, pipelines, installation costs, operating procedures and economic modeling of the development scheme associated with these items. Geologic risk analysis was also part of the overall evaluation, which is factored into the probabilistic economic analysis. During this period two different potential sites in the Gulf of Mexico were analyzed and one site in Norway was initiated but not completed during the period. A summary of these activities and results are included here.

  8. Promoting energy efficiency in reforming electricity markets

    SciTech Connect

    Clinton, J.; Kozloff, K.

    1998-07-01

    Many developing countries are initiating power sector reforms to stimulate private investment, increase operation and management efficiencies, and recover the full costs of power. Reforms may include unbundling generation, transmission, distribution and retail services; commercial management; competition; and private ownership. This paper draws upon six country case studies--Argentina, Chile, New Zealand, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the US--to identify major models of power reforms and their implications for energy efficiency--both positive and negative. There are both structural and institutional features of reform that may discourage commercial offerings of end-use efficiency services. Valuable lessons are discussed regarding what reforms and policies have worked to promote energy efficiency and which have not. Several models are offered for how developing countries can promote energy efficiency under some of the more common forms of power sector restructuring. Conclusions and recommendations are directed at key decision-makers in developing countries contemplating power sector reforms.

  9. Gas-metering test and research facility to meet North Sea needs

    SciTech Connect

    Bosio, J.; Wilcox, P.; Sembsmoen, O. )

    1988-12-12

    A joint-venture, high-pressure, large-flow-rate facility to test, qualify, and research new natural-gas metering systems has been built by Den Norske Stats Oljeselskap A.S. (Statoil) and Total Marine Norsk A.S. Located near Haugesund in the Stavanger area, the lab, designated the Karsto Metering and Technology Laboratory, or K-Lab, is adjacent to Norway's first natural-gas-processing plant. It receives natural gas from across the Norwegian Trench from the Statfjord complex and after processing it sends it on to Emden, West Germany. The gas, which is produced in the North Sea, is transported to United Kingdom and the European continent through a high-pressure pipeline network. The importance of gas-metering technology has been emphasized by oil and gas companies as well as by national regulatory authorities.

  10. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    5 Table 7.4 Coal Imports by Country of Origin, 2000-2011 (Million Short Tons) Year Australia New Zealand Canada Mexico Colombia Venezuela China India Indonesia Europe South Africa Other Total Norway Poland Russia Ukraine United Kingdom Other Total 2000 0.2 0.0 1.9 (s) 7.6 2.0 (s) (s) 0.7 0.0 0.0 (s) 0.0 (s) 0.0 (s) 0.0 (s) 12.5 2001 .3 (s) 2.6 (s) 11.2 3.3 .1 (s) .9 (s) .5 .2 .0 .1 (s) .8 .4 .1 19.8 2002 .8 .0 2.1 (s) 9.2 3.3 .1 (s) 1.0 .0 .1 .1 .0 (s) (s) .2 .1 (s) 16.9 2003 .3 .1 2.1 .0 15.5

  11. Norwegian carbon taxes and their implication for fossil fuels

    SciTech Connect

    Kaarstad, O.

    1995-12-31

    The Scandinavian countries, and in particular Norway and Sweden, have since 1990/91 taxed CO{sub 2}-emissions with carbon tax of about US $150 per ton of CO{sub 2}. One may therefore say that these countries have placed themselves in a role as {open_quotes}carbon tax laboratories{close_quotes}. These very high CO{sub 2}-taxes have been in place for about four years and the first lessons from this experience are reported. In general it would seem as if the taxation mechanism is less efficient than economists have expected. The CO{sub 2}-emissions are increasing in both Norway and Sweden and the stabilization goal to the year 2000 will not be achieved in spite of the high taxation. The fossil fuel industry will have to learn to live with the climate change question which is inherently hostile to fossil fuels. It is argued that a more informed and active participation by the fossil fuel industry is needed in the climate change discussion. In addition the image of fossil fuels will benefit from showing real and potential improvement in the area of greenhouse gas emissions in the whole energy chain from production to combustion. The R&D effort being done into CO{sub 2}-capture and -disposal is creating such an option for the future. It is argued that the image of the entire fossil fuel industry will benefit from the creation of a {open_quotes}CO{sub 2}-free{close_quote} option or vision for oil, gas and coal. A number of examples are shown where today (or in the near future) actual CO{sub 2}-disposal in underground formations are taking place.

  12. FLOWSHEET EVALUATION FOR THE DISSOLVING AND NEUTRALIZATION OF SODIUM REACTOR EXPERIMENT USED NUCLEAR FUEL

    SciTech Connect

    Daniel, W. E.; Hansen, E. K.; Shehee, T. C.

    2012-10-30

    This report includes the literature review, hydrogen off-gas calculations, and hydrogen generation tests to determine that H-Canyon can safely dissolve the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE; thorium fuel), Ford Nuclear Reactor (FNR; aluminum alloy fuel), and Denmark Reactor (DR-3; silicide fuel, aluminum alloy fuel, and aluminum oxide fuel) assemblies in the L-Bundles with respect to the hydrogen levels in the projected peak off-gas rates. This is provided that the number of L-Bundles charged to the dissolver is controlled. Examination of SRE dissolution for potential issues has aided in predicting the optimal batching scenario. The calculations detailed in this report demonstrate that the FNR, SRE, and DR-3 used nuclear fuel (UNF) are bounded by MURR UNF and may be charged using the controls outlined for MURR dissolution in a prior report.

  13. Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    Many countries--reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems--are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy (RE) on the grid. Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Colorado and Texas), for example, have effectively integrated variable RE utilizing diverse approaches. Analysis of the results from these case studies reveals a wide range of mechanisms that can be used to accommodate high penetrations of variable RE (e.g., from new market designs to centralized planning). Nevertheless, the myriad approaches collectively suggest that governments can best enable variable RE grid integration by implementing best practices in five areas of intervention: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations.

  14. Table 7.5 Coal Exports by Country of Destination, 1960-2011 (Thousand Short Tons)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Coal Exports by Country of Destination, 1960-2011 (Thousand Short Tons) Year Canada Brazil Europe Japan Other 3 Total Belgium 1 Denmark France Germany 2 Italy Nether- lands Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other 3 Total 1960 12,843 1,067 1,116 130 794 4,566 4,899 2,837 331 NA – 2,440 17,113 5,617 1,341 37,981 1961 12,135 994 971 80 708 4,326 4,797 2,552 228 NA – 2,026 15,688 6,614 974 36,405 1962 12,302 1,327 1,289 38 851 5,056 5,978 3,320 766 NA 2 1,848 19,148 6,465 973 40,215 1963 14,557 1,161

  15. Testing of 3-meter Prototype Fault Current Limiting Cables

    SciTech Connect

    Gouge, Michael J; Duckworth, Robert C; Demko, Jonathan A; Rey, Christopher M; Thompson, James R; Lindsay, David T; Tolbert, Jerry Carlton; Willen, Dag; Lentge, Heidi; Thidemann, Carsten; Carter, Bill

    2009-01-01

    Two 3-m long, single-phase cables have been fabricated by Ultera from second generation (2G) superconductor supplied by American Superconductor. The first cable was made with two layers of 2G tape conductor and had a critical current of 5,750 A while the second cable had four layers and a critical current of 8,500 A. AC loss was measured for both cables at ac currents of up to 4 kArms. Ultera performed initial fault current studies of both cables in Denmark with limited currents in the range from 9.1 to 44 kA. Results from these tests will provide a basis for a 25-m long, three-phase, prototype cable to be tested at ORNL early next year and a 300-m long, fault current limiting, superconducting cable to be installed in a ConEd substation in New York City.

  16. Wind Turbine Safety and Function Test Report for the Gaia-Wind 11-kW Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Huskey, A.; Bowen, A.; Jager, D.

    2010-01-01

    This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers to wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small wind turbines (SWT). In total, four turbines were tested at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) as a part of this project. Safety and function testing is one of up to five tests performed on the turbines, including power performance, duration, noise, and power-quality tests. The results of the testing provide the manufacturers with reports that can be used for small wind turbine certification. The test equipment includes a Gaia-Wind 11-kW wind turbine mounted on an 18-m monopole tower. Gaia-Wind Ltd. manufactured the turbine in Denmark. The system was installed by the NWTC site operations group with guidance and assistance from Gaia-Wind.

  17. Motto: We work for people and environment

    SciTech Connect

    Barcik, M.

    1995-12-31

    This target has been under Danfoss realization for over 60 years, both in Denmark and all over the world. The operational range of the enterprise: is very wide. Danfoss manufactures a large assortment of products, starting from heat automatic control systems, through heat metering devices, industrial and refrigeration automatic control, compressors, flow meters, frequency converters, control systems, and monitoring. The four mainstays of the business activity are based on: high quality products; advanced manufacturing technology; care of the environment, and engagement of the staff. Since 1992 Danfoss has been manufacturing heat radiator thermostats in Poland. A unique solution - namely the use of a gas thermostatic head secures the highest energy savings and operational reliability. In 1993, Danfoss as the sixth company in Poland and the first in its business field, gained a ISO 9002 certificate.

  18. Genomic variation Salmonella enterica core genes for epidemiological typing

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Leekitcharoenphon, Pimlapas; Hendriksen, Rene S; Le Hello, Simon; Weill, Fancois-Xavier; Baggesen, Dorte Lau; Jun, Se Ran; Ussery, David W; Lund, Ole; Crook, Derrick W; Wilson, Daniel J; et al

    2012-01-01

    It has been 30 years since the initial emergence and subsequent rapid global spread of multidrug-resistant S. Typhimurium DT104. Nonetheless, its origin and transmission route have never been revealed. We used whole genome sequence (WGS) and temporally structured sequence analysis within a Bayesian framework to reconstruct temporal and spatial phylogenetic trees and estimate the rate of mutation and divergence time of 315 S. Typhimurium DT104 isolates sampled from 1969 to 2012 from 21 countries on six continents. DT104 was estimated to have emerged initially as antimicrobial-susceptible strains in ~1946 (95% credible interval 1931 - 1959) and later became multidrug-resistant (MDR)more » DT104 in ~1974 (95% CI 1966 1981) through horizontal transfer of the 13-kb SGI1 MDR region into already SGI1-containing susceptible strains. This was followed by multiple transmission events initially from Central Europe and later between European countries. An independent transmission occurred to the United States and another to Japan and from here to Taiwan and Canada. An independent acquisition of resistance genes took place in Thailand in ~1986 (95% CI 1975 1990). Locally in Denmark, WGS was capable of confirming local epidemiology for transmission between animal herds. Interestingly, the demographic history of Danish MDR DT104 provided evidence for the accomplishment of an eradication program across pig herds in Denmark from 1996 to 2000. The results from this study refuse several hypotheses on the evolution of DT104 and would suggest WGS may be useful in monitoring emerging clones and making strategies for prevention« less

  19. Global Genomic Epidemiology of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium DT104

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Leekitcharoenphon, Pimlapas; Hendriksen, Rene S.; Le Hello, Simon; Weill, François-Xavier; Baggesen, Dorte Lau; Jun, Se-Ran; Ussery, David W.; Lund, Ole; Crook, Derrick W.; Wilson, Daniel J.; et al

    2016-03-04

    It has been 30 years since the initial emergence and subsequent rapid global spread of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 (MDR DT104). Nonetheless, its origin and transmission route have never been revealed. In this paper, we used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and temporally structured sequence analysis within a Bayesian framework to reconstruct temporal and spatial phylogenetic trees and estimate the rates of mutation and divergence times of 315 S. Typhimurium DT104 isolates sampled from 1969 to 2012 from 21 countries on six continents. DT104 was estimated to have emerged initially as antimicrobial susceptible in ~1948 (95% credible interval [CI], 1934more » to 1962) and later became MDR DT104 in ~1972 (95% CI, 1972 to 1988) through horizontal transfer of the 13-kb Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1) MDR region into susceptible strains already containing SGI1. This was followed by multiple transmission events, initially from central Europe and later between several European countries. An independent transmission to the United States and another to Japan occurred, and from there MDR DT104 was probably transmitted to Taiwan and Canada. An independent acquisition of resistance genes took place in Thailand in ~1975 (95% CI, 1975 to 1990). In Denmark, WGS analysis provided evidence for transmission of the organism between herds of animals. Interestingly, the demographic history of Danish MDR DT104 provided evidence for the success of the program to eradicate Salmonella from pig herds in Denmark from 1996 to 2000. Finally, the results from this study refute several hypotheses on the evolution of DT104 and suggest that WGS may be useful in monitoring emerging clones and devising strategies for prevention of Salmonella infections.« less

  20. Genomic variation Salmonella enterica core genes for epidemiological typing

    SciTech Connect

    Leekitcharoenphon, Pimlapas; Hendriksen, Rene S; Le Hello, Simon; Weill, Fancois-Xavier; Baggesen, Dorte Lau; Jun, Se Ran; Ussery, David W; Lund, Ole; Crook, Derrick W; Wilson, Daniel J; Aarestrup, Frank M

    2012-01-01

    It has been 30 years since the initial emergence and subsequent rapid global spread of multidrug-resistant S. Typhimurium DT104. Nonetheless, its origin and transmission route have never been revealed. We used whole genome sequence (WGS) and temporally structured sequence analysis within a Bayesian framework to reconstruct temporal and spatial phylogenetic trees and estimate the rate of mutation and divergence time of 315 S. Typhimurium DT104 isolates sampled from 1969 to 2012 from 21 countries on six continents. DT104 was estimated to have emerged initially as antimicrobial-susceptible strains in ~1946 (95% credible interval 1931 - 1959) and later became multidrug-resistant (MDR) DT104 in ~1974 (95% CI 1966 1981) through horizontal transfer of the 13-kb SGI1 MDR region into already SGI1-containing susceptible strains. This was followed by multiple transmission events initially from Central Europe and later between European countries. An independent transmission occurred to the United States and another to Japan and from here to Taiwan and Canada. An independent acquisition of resistance genes took place in Thailand in ~1986 (95% CI 1975 1990). Locally in Denmark, WGS was capable of confirming local epidemiology for transmission between animal herds. Interestingly, the demographic history of Danish MDR DT104 provided evidence for the accomplishment of an eradication program across pig herds in Denmark from 1996 to 2000. The results from this study refuse several hypotheses on the evolution of DT104 and would suggest WGS may be useful in monitoring emerging clones and making strategies for prevention