National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for definition tv plug-in

  1. High speed imaging television system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, William O.; Rabenhorst, David W.

    1984-01-01

    A television system for observing an event which provides a composite video output comprising the serially interlaced images the system is greater than the time resolution of any of the individual cameras.

  2. TV or Not TV

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to the Nielsen Company, about 54% of homes in the U.S. had three or more television sets in 2009.

  3. Lion Television films at Oak Ridge

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Television staff by e-mail and phone. He was answering their questions right along and building rapport with the producer. I think Bill was one of the main attractions that...

  4. Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box Rulemaking Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box Rulemaking On April 3, 2012 at 11:00 AM, ...

  5. Reuse of secondhand TVs exported from Japan to the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshida, Aya; Terazono, Atsushi

    2010-06-15

    The trade of secondhand electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) from developed to developing countries has become a growing environmental issue owing to concerns about improper recycling of these goods in developing countries. We followed a 12-m cargo container of cathode-ray-tube color TVs exported from Japan to the Philippines in February 2008. We surveyed the number of TVs damaged in transport, as well as the number of malfunctioning TVs from this shipment. In addition, we present the results of interviews with 113 Filipino consumers who intended to buy secondhand EEE at nine secondhand shops in Metro Manila. Approximately 3% of the imported TVs were damaged upon arrival. The importer sold some of the units directly to local dealers, and kept the rest to repair, refurbish and resell. Approximately 40% of the imported TVs malfunctioned and needed repair in addition to basic reconditioning. Most interviewees indicated that they prefer to buy secondhand EEE because the prices are lower than those of brand-new products. Consumers indicated that they planned on using the product for an average of about 5 years, but the actual period of use may be lower. Most end-of-life EEE in the Philippines is dismantled and recycled by unregulated companies and untrained individuals in markets or near landfill sites, and it is clear that a proper collection system and treatment methods are needed for e-waste. In addition to the material flow of secondhand TVs, we also discuss several economic aspects and appropriate control measures of the international reuse of secondhand TVs.

  6. Energy-efficient lighting system for television

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cawthorne, Duane C.

    1987-07-21

    A light control system for a television camera comprises an artificial light control system which is cooperative with an iris control system. This artificial light control system adjusts the power to lamps illuminating the camera viewing area to provide only sufficient artificial illumination necessary to provide a sufficient video signal when the camera iris is substantially open.

  7. Plugged In: Understanding How and Where Plug-in Electric Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Plugged In: Understanding How and Where Plug-in Electric Vehicle Drivers Charge Up Plugged In: Understanding How and Where Plug-in Electric Vehicle Drivers Charge Up December 2, ...

  8. Plug in America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in America Jump to: navigation, search Name: Plug-in America Place: El Segundo, California Zip: 90245 Product: Plug In America advocates the use of plug-in cars, trucks and SUVs...

  9. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Outreach

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Plug-in Electric Vehicle Outreach Resources for Employees After you've installed plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations at your work site, you'll want to educate your ...

  10. AVTA: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test...

    Energy Savers

    Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures AVTA: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Test ...

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office: Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Batteries...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Batteries Vehicle Technologies Office: Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Batteries Vehicle Technologies Office: Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Batteries ...

  12. Notre Dame EFRC featured during nationally televised football...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Notre Dame EFRC featured during nationally televised football half-time show Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Nov 21, 2009 :: NBC aired a video feature External ...

  13. Environmental Justice: Made-for-Television-Climate Change: A...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy was invited to be a panelist for a made-for-television educational program in Columbia, South Carolina, titled Climate Change: A Global Reality. DOE also ...

  14. LG DOE Television Test Procedures Ex Parte (10-17)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    OF LG ELECTRONICS USA In response to its Request for Information on test procedures for televisions, the Department received a fair amount of both opinion and data from a variety ...

  15. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, T.

    2006-05-08

    Provides an overview on the current status, long-term prospects, and key challenges in the development of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle technology.

  16. Plug-in Hybrid Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodman, Angie; Moore, Ray; Rowden, Tim

    2013-09-27

    Our main project objective was to implement Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) and charging infrastructure into our electric distribution service territory and help reduce barriers in the process. Our research demonstrated the desire for some to be early adopters of electric vehicles and the effects lack of education plays on others. The response of early adopters was tremendous: with the initial launch of our program we had nearly 60 residential customers interested in taking part in our program. However, our program only allowed for 15 residential participants. Our program provided assistance towards purchasing a PEV and installation of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). The residential participants have all come to love their PEVs and are more than enthusiastic about promoting the many benefits of driving electric.

  17. What Do You Look for When Buying a New Television? | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Look for When Buying a New Television? What Do You Look for When Buying a New Television? March 10, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis This week, Jeannie told you about her experience buying a ...

  18. LG DOE Television Test Procedures Ex Parte (10-17)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    United States Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 In the Matter of: Energy Efficiency Program: Test Procedure for Televisions; Request for Information Docket No. EERE-2016-BT- TP-0023; RIN 1904-AD70 EX PARTE REPLY COMMENTS OF LG ELECTRONICS USA In response to its Request for Information on test procedures for televisions, the Department received a fair amount of both opinion and data from a variety of parties. There was, however, less effort to connect that opinion and data with the

  19. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Imagine being able to just plug in your car to recharge the battery Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles-also known as PHEVs-are in line to be ...

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share

  1. Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric...

  2. Workplace Charging Challenge Plug-In Electric Vehicle Support...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Plug-In Electric Vehicle Support Networks Workplace Charging Challenge Plug-In Electric Vehicle Support Networks When promoting PEV deployment, it can be helpful to tap into ...

  3. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) Describes ...

  4. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Policy Effectiveness: Literature Review...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plug-in Electric Vehicle Policy Effectiveness: Literature Review Title Plug-in Electric Vehicle Policy Effectiveness: Literature Review Publication Type Report Year of Publication ...

  5. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration and Evaluation SCAQMD:Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium-Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration and Evaluation Vehicle ...

  6. Plug In Partners | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zip: 78704 Sector: Vehicles Product: Focused on promotion of flexible-fuel Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). Coordinates: 30.267605, -97.742984 Show Map Loading...

  7. The SEAD global efficiency medal competition: accelerating market transformation for efficient televisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravi, Kavita; Bennich, Peter; Cockburn, John; Doi, Naoko; Garg, Sandeep; Garnaik, S.P.; Holt, Shane; Walker, Mike; Westbrook-Trenholm, Elizabeth; Lising, Anna; Pantano, Steve; Khare, Amit; Park, Won Young

    2013-10-15

    The Global Efficiency Medal competition, a cornerstone activity of the Super-efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) Initiative, is an awards program that encourages the production and sale of super-efficient products. SEAD is a voluntary multinational government collaboration of the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM). This winner-takes-all competition recognizes products with the best energy efficiency, guides early adopter purchasers towards the most efficient product choices and demonstrates the levels of energy efficiency achievable by commercially available and emerging technologies. The first Global Efficiency Medals were awarded to the most energy-efficient flat panel televisions; an iconic consumer purchase. SEAD Global Efficiency Medals were awarded to televisions that have proven to be substantially more energy efficient than comparable models available at the time of the competition (applications closed in the end of May 2012). The award-winning TVs consume between 33 to 44 percent less energy per 2 unit of screen area than comparable LED-backlit LCD televisions sold in each regional market and 50 to 60 percent less energy than CCFL-backlit LCD TVs. Prior to the launch of this competition, SEAD conducted an unprecedented international round-robin test (RRT) to qualify TV test laboratories to support verification testing for SEAD awards. The RRT resulted in increased test laboratory capacity and expertise around the world and ensured that the test results from participating regional test laboratories could be compared in a fair and transparent fashion. This paper highlights a range of benefits resulting from this first SEAD awards competition and encourages further investigation of the awards concept as a means to promote energy efficiency in other equipment types.

  8. Hybrid and Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-05-20

    Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity either as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. This new generation of vehicles, often called electric drive vehicles, can be divided into three categories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles(PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to reduce U.S. petroleum use.

  9. Plugged In: Understanding How and Where Plug-in Electric Vehicle Drivers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Charge Up | Department of Energy Plugged In: Understanding How and Where Plug-in Electric Vehicle Drivers Charge Up Plugged In: Understanding How and Where Plug-in Electric Vehicle Drivers Charge Up December 2, 2015 - 12:15pm Addthis A Chevrolet Volt charges in Rhode Island thanks to a ChargePoint station installed using funding from the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act. | Photo courtesy of NREL A Chevrolet Volt charges in Rhode Island thanks to a ChargePoint station installed using

  10. EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles January 24, 2014 - 1:14pm Addthis ...

  11. Plug-In Demo Charges up Clean Cities Coalitions

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clean Cities Coordinators across the country highlight the benefits of plug-in hybrids and help collect valuable usage data as part of a demonstration project for the upcoming plug-in hybrid model of the Toyota Prius.

  12. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle R&D plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2007-06-01

    FCVT, in consultation with industry and other appropriate DOE offices, developed the Draft Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle R&D Plan to accelerate the development and deployment of technologies critical for plug-in hybrid vehicles.

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Plug-in Electric Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Plug-in Electric Vehicle On-Road Demonstration Data Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Plug-in Electric Vehicle On-Road Demonstration Data Through the American Recovery and ...

  14. NREL: Transportation Research - Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Fleet Vehicle Testing How Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Work EVs use batteries to store the electric energy that powers the ...

  15. Implications of televised news coverage of global warming for organizational decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nitz, M.

    1997-12-31

    Television is an important source of information for political issues in the eyes of many people. This also holds true for environmental issues. Television news is also deemed more credible than print news because {open_quotes}seeing is believing{close_quotes}. This research is also buttressed by evidence that one of the primary conversation topics among individuals is television content. So how well does television cover global warming? Unfortunately, previous research indicates that television news suffers from some serious inadequacies in its portrayal of global warming issues. This paper examines the potential impact of this coverage on organizational decisions. Organizations include businesses, government agencies, environmental action groups, media organizations, and other parties interested with the environment. The paper proposes framing theory and involvement theory as springboards for organizational decision-making.

  16. Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Activity | Department of Energy Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration Activity Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration Activity 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting vss018_cesiel_2012_o.pdf (718.67 KB) More Documents & Publications Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration Activity Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle

  17. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Program (VTP) | Department of Energy Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options. 52723.pdf (1.06 MB) More Documents & Publications Sample Employee Newsletter Articles for Plug-In Electric

  18. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles A new study released on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) found there is enough electric capacity to power plug-in vehicles across much of the nation. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability supported researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop this study that found "off-peak" electricity production and transmission capacity could fuel 84 percent of the 198 million cars,

  19. Communities Plug In To Electric Vehicle Readiness | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Communities Plug In To Electric Vehicle Readiness Communities Plug In To Electric Vehicle Readiness September 16, 2014 - 4:24pm Addthis The City of Auburn Hills, Michigan, participated in one of 16 Clean Cities plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) community-readiness projects across the country. | Photo courtesy of City of Auburn Hills. The City of Auburn Hills, Michigan, participated in one of 16 Clean Cities plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) community-readiness projects across the country. | Photo

  20. Study of television interference by small wind turbines. Final subcontract report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sengupta, D.L.; Senior, T.B.A.; Ferris, J.E.

    1983-01-01

    Electromagnetic interference to television reception caused by small wind turbines (generating about 5 kW of power) has been studied by carrying out measurements using 1/8th-scale models of small windmills in conjunction with a microwave TV system inside an anechoic chamber. Two- and three-bladed windmills with metallized and wooden blades rectangular and trapezoidal in shape were investigated. The locally available TV Channel 9 signal was received and, after up-converting its center frequency to 4.0 GHz, was used as the rf source of the microwave TV system. The television interference (TVI) results were extrapolated to give the TVI effects of the corresponding full-scale windmills at the commercial TV Channel frequencies. Generally, it was found that the two- and three-bladed machines produced similar TVI effects, the metallized blades producing stronger interference than the wooden blades. Extrapolation of the results obtained indicate that, even at the highest TV frequency, the significant TVI effects (video distortion) produced by small wind turbines will not extend out to a distance larger than about 2.5 times the rotor diameter. At lower TV frequenies (or Channel numbers) the distance will be correspondingly smaller. Within this distance, the observed effects will generally be small to negligible over most of the region except possibly in the forward interference direction.

  1. Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box Rulemaking

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On April 3, 2012 at 11:00 AM, representatives of the U.S. satellite television industry, listed below, met with the DOE officials, listed below, at the Forestall Building to discuss matters of...

  2. U.S. Energy Department, Pay-Television Industry and Energy Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Groups Announce Set-Top Box Energy Conservation Agreement; Will Cut Energy Use for 90 Million U.S. Households, Save Consumers Billions | Department of Energy Department, Pay-Television Industry and Energy Efficiency Groups Announce Set-Top Box Energy Conservation Agreement; Will Cut Energy Use for 90 Million U.S. Households, Save Consumers Billions U.S. Energy Department, Pay-Television Industry and Energy Efficiency Groups Announce Set-Top Box Energy Conservation Agreement; Will Cut Energy

  3. Microsoft Word - Plug-in Hybrids.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Study Released on the Potential of Plug- In Hybrid Electric Vehicles JANUARY 2007 A new study released on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) found there is enough electric capacity to power plug-in vehicles across much of the nation. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability supported researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop this study that found "off-peak" electricity production and transmission capacity could fuel 84 percent of the 198

  4. Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions (3.06 MB) More Documents & Publications Alternative Transportation ...

  5. Advancing Plug In Hybrid Technology and Flex Fuel Application...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Mini-Van PHEV DOE Funded Project Advancing Transportation Through Vehicle Electrification - PHEV Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration Activity...

  6. Battery Choices for Different Plug-in HEV Configurations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.

    2006-07-12

    Presents battery choices for different plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) configurations to reduce cost and to improve performance and life.

  7. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the effciency of conventional vehicle designs. This new generation of vehicles, often called ...

  8. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Public Charging Station Hosts Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station Hosts 2 Table of Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 ...

  9. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers (Spanish Version...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... El Crdito Federal por Vehculos Enchufables con Motor de Direccin Elctrica que Califiquen (Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit) est disponible para ...

  10. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure: A Foundation for Electrified...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    40-47951 April 2010 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure: A Foundation for Electrified Transportation Preprint T. Markel To be presented at the MIT Energy Initiative ...

  11. Plug-in electric vehicle market penetration and incentives: a...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Book Title Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change Volume 20 Publisher Springer Keywords global vehicle sales, government incentive policies, plug-in electric...

  12. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Electrical Contractors (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01

    This handbook answers basic questions about plug-in electric vehicles, charging stations, charging equipment, charging equipment installation, and training for electrical contractors.

  13. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-05-01

    Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

  14. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

  15. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration and Evaluation Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Medium and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Field Evaluations ...

  16. California Statewide Plug-In Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, Marc; Helwig, Michael

    2014-05-01

    The California Statewide Plug-In Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Assessment conveys to interested parties the Energy Commission’s conclusions, recommendations, and intentions with respect to plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) infrastructure development. There are several relatively low-risk and high-priority electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) deployment options that will encourage PEV sales and

  17. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. These vehicles can be divided into three categories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to cut U.S. petroleum use and vehicle emissions.

  18. Amber Plug-In for Protein Shop

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2004-05-10

    The Amber Plug-in for ProteinShop has two main components: an AmberEngine library to compute the protein energy models, and a module to solve the energy minimization problem using an optimization algorithm in the OPTI-+ library. Together, these components allow the visualization of the protein folding process in ProteinShop. AmberEngine is a object-oriented library to compute molecular energies based on the Amber model. The main class is called ProteinEnergy. Its main interface methods are (1) "init"more » to initialize internal variables needed to compute the energy. (2) "eval" to evaluate the total energy given a vector of coordinates. Additional methods allow the user to evaluate the individual components of the energy model (bond, angle, dihedral, non-bonded-1-4, and non-bonded energies) and to obtain the energy of each individual atom. The Amber Engine library source code includes examples and test routines that illustrate the use of the library in stand alone programs. The energy minimization module uses the AmberEngine library and the nonlinear optimization library OPT++. OPT++ is open source software available under the GNU Lesser General Public License. The minimization module currently makes use of the LBFGS optimization algorithm in OPT++ to perform the energy minimization. Future releases may give the user a choice of other algorithms available in OPT++.« less

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Icon of a plug in an electrical outlet and a fuel pump. ... All-Electric Vehicles Icon of a plug in an electrical outlet. EVs use a battery to store ...

  20. Charging Your Plug-in Electric Vehicle at Home | Department of...

    Energy Savers

    Charging Your Plug-in Electric Vehicle at Home Charging Your Plug-in Electric Vehicle at Home May 13, 2013 - 3:45pm Addthis Consider the convenient options for plugging in an ...

  1. Say Hello to Stricter TV Standards | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    past couple of years to reduce the power consumption of TVs. For example, LED (light emitting diode) technology is expected to be the leading backlight technology for LCD TV sets...

  2. Sample Employee Newsletter Articles: Plug-In Electric Vehicles 101

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles 101 This document introduces the basics of Plug-In Electric Vehicles (PEV) and includes a list of engaging top 10 facts about PEVs that will peak the interest of your employees.  Vehicle Basics: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles Use this article to explain the difference between various ways of referring to electric drive vehicles.  Energy 101: Plug-In Electric Vehicles (with video) Your employees have seen your workplace charging installation, now use this article and video to

  3. Advancing Plug In Hybrid Technology and Flex Fuel Application...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Meeting vss063bazzi2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Advancing Plug In Hybrid Technology and Flex Fuel Application on a Chrysler Mini-Van PHEV DOE Funded Project...

  4. Clean Cities Coalitions Charge Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    May 9, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis Workers put the finishing touches on installing a plug-in electric vehicle charger that is part of the West Coast Electric Highway. | Photo courtesy of ...

  5. Sample Employee Newsletter Articles for Plug-In Electric Vehicle...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Sample Employee Newsletter Articles: Plug-In Electric Vehicle Calculators, Maps and Tools Vehicle Cost Calculator Helps You Add Up the Savings The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It ...

  6. Plug-in Electric Vehicles Charge Forward in Oregon | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace Project Overview Positive Impact More plug-in hybrid and all-electric vehicles in Oregon. Oregon is planning for the large-scale deployment ...

  7. Autonomous Intelligent Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Autonomous Intelligent Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) Autonomous Intelligent Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting vss092_malikopoulos_2012_p.pdf (922.92 KB) More Documents & Publications Autonomous Intelligent Hybrid Propulsion Systems The Meritor Dual Mode Hybrid Powertrain CRADA The Meritor Dual Mode Hybrid Powertrain CRADA

  8. Measurements of television interference caused by a vertical-axis wind machine. Final subcontract report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sengupta, D L; Senior, T B.A.; Ferris, J E

    1983-01-01

    The electromagnetic interference to television reception caused by the 17 m Darreius at Albuquerque, NM, has been studied by carrying out measurements at a number of sites in the vicinity of the VAWT. The rf sources used were the commercial vhf and uhf TV signals available in the area. Ambient field-strength measurements showed that the signals on all TV channels except one were strong, and provided good reception at all test sites. With the antenna (properly) oriented for maximum direct signal, unacceptable interference was observed on some channels at sites out to 33 m from the WT in the forward and backward regions. With the antenna beam directed at the WT, interference varying from slight to violent were observed at all sites on some or all TV channels. A simple theoretical model has been developed for analyzing the TVI produced by a VAWT like the Darrieus. Using the model in conjunction with measured data, an approximate expression for the equivalent scattering area A of the Darrieus has been developed. It is found that A is wavelength (lambda) dependent and varies as lambda/sup 1/2/.

  9. Workplace Charging Challenge Mid-Program Review: Employees Plug In

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Mid-Program Review: Employees Plug In U.S. Department of Energy's EV Everywhere Workplace 2 Almost three years ago, we kicked off the Workplace Charging Challenge with the goal of having 500 U.S. employers commit to installing workplace plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging and joining the Challenge by 2018. I am pleased to share that with more than 250 participants in the Challenge, we are more than halfway there, and the adoption of workplace charging as a sustainable business practice is

  10. Honey, Did You Plug in the Prius? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Honey, Did You Plug in the Prius? Honey, Did You Plug in the Prius? July 7, 2009 - 5:07pm Addthis Francis X. Vogel Executive Director and Coordinator of the Wisconsin Clean Cities coalition An unexpected snowfall in late March prompted me to take my two daughters, Paloma and Ava, for a memorable afternoon of sledding and hot chocolate. However, before leaving home, I unplugged a cord from the standard 110-volt wall socket in my garage and did likewise from the port on the back of my 2007 Toyota

  11. Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy 2: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 Using data for the first seven months of 2012, Norway has the highest plug-in car market share at 2.55%. The Netherlands has the second highest plug-in market share (0.59%) and despite its small size, accounts for 16.1% of all plug-ins sold in Western Europe (see pie chart). France accounted for 22.3% of Western European plug-in car sales,

  12. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-09-01

    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are entering the automobile market and are viable alternatives to conventional vehicles. This guide for consumers describes the basics of PEV technology, PEV benefits, how to select the right PEV, charging a PEV, and PEV maintenance.

  13. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Fleet Managers (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01

    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are entering the automobile market and are viable alternatives to conventional vehicles. This guide for fleet managers describes the basics of PEV technology, PEV benefits for fleets, how to select the right PEV, charging a PEV, and PEV maintenance.

  14. Fact #931 June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fact 931 June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine Different Size Classes in 2015 - Dataset Fact 931 June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available ...

  15. Emissions and Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Bus Emissions and Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Bus 2010 DOE Vehicle ...

  16. V-184: Google Chrome Flash Plug-in Lets Remote Users Conduct...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4: Google Chrome Flash Plug-in Lets Remote Users Conduct Clickjacking Attacks V-184: Google Chrome Flash Plug-in Lets Remote Users Conduct Clickjacking Attacks June 24, 2013 -...

  17. Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sonata Plug In Large Tesla Model S Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid Mercedes S550 Plug Standard SUV Porsche Cayenne S E-hybrid Volvo-XC90 Plug In Tesla Model X BMW X5 Fact 930 ...

  18. Fact #914: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline - Dataset Fact 914: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline - Dataset Excel file and ...

  19. Fact #914: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline Fact 914: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the ...

  20. Getting Ready for Electric Drive: the Plug-In Vehicle and Infrastructu...

    Energy Savers

    Ready for Electric Drive: the Plug-In Vehicle and Infrastructure Workshop Getting Ready for Electric Drive: the Plug-In Vehicle and Infrastructure Workshop August 18, 2010 - 5:30pm ...

  1. Fact #796: September 9, 2013 Electric Vehicle and Plug-In Hybrid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    6: September 9, 2013 Electric Vehicle and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales History Fact 796: September 9, 2013 Electric Vehicle and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales ...

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Dealers Plug-In to Electric...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    San Diego Dealers Plug-In to Electric Vehicle Progress to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: San Diego Dealers Plug-In to Electric Vehicle Progress on Facebook ...

  3. AVTA: Reports on Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness at 3 DOD...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Reports on Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness at 3 DOD Facilities AVTA: Reports on Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness at 3 DOD Facilities The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced ...

  4. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fact 856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Excel file with dataset for Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for ...

  5. Fact #918: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fact 918: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by About 80% in 2015 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by ...

  6. Fact #892: September 28, 2015 Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales Worldwide fotw892web.xlsx (22.95 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact 918: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales ...

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fisher Coachworks Develops Plug-In Electric

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Bus in Michigan Fisher Coachworks Develops Plug-In Electric Bus in Michigan to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fisher Coachworks Develops Plug-In Electric Bus in Michigan on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fisher Coachworks Develops Plug-In Electric Bus in Michigan on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fisher Coachworks Develops Plug-In Electric Bus in Michigan on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fisher Coachworks Develops

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Electric Buses North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport

  9. AVTA: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures |

    Energy Savers

    Department of Energy Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures AVTA: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Test Plan DRAFT - Integrated Test Plan and Evaluation Program for Review for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) (2.33 MB) More Documents & Publications AVTA: Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures Vehicle Technologies Office: 2010 Vehicle and Systems Simulation and Testing

  10. Fact #878: June 22, 2015 Plug-in Vehicle Penetration in Selected Countries,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2014 | Department of Energy 8: June 22, 2015 Plug-in Vehicle Penetration in Selected Countries, 2014 Fact #878: June 22, 2015 Plug-in Vehicle Penetration in Selected Countries, 2014 The International Energy Agency released the 2015 report Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, The Electric Drive Delivers which shows the total number of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) in selected countries. PEVs include both battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles or PHEVs. The United

  11. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Technology (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.; Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

    2006-10-01

    Presents a cost-benefit of analysis of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle technology, including potential petroleum use reduction.

  12. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles 2014 BMW i3-REX 2013 Chevrolet Volt 2013 Ford Cmax Energi 2013 Ford Fusion Energi 2013 Toyota Prius 2012 Chevrolet Volt 2012 Toyota Prius Electric Vehicles Conventional Vehicles Conventional Start-Stop Vehicles Alternative Fuel Vehicles Facilities Publications News About Us For ES Employees Staff Directory About Us For ES Employees Staff Directory Argonne National Laboratory Energy Systems Research Facilities Publications News Research Advanced Materials and

  13. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Workplace Charging Hosts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-08-01

    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) have immense potential for increasing the country's energy, economic, and environmental security, and they will play a key role in the future of U.S. transportation. By providing PEV charging at the workplace, employers are perfectly positioned to contribute to and benefit from the electrification of transportation. This handbook answers basic questions about PEVs and charging equipment, helps employers assess whether to offer workplace charging for employees, and outlines important steps for implementation.

  14. Definitions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Below are a few small business procurement definitions as stated by the Small Business Administration and the Federal Acquisition Regulation. Contact Small Business Office (505) ...

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Vehicles Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Vehicles to Harness Renewable Energy

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    in Hawaii Plug-In Vehicles to Harness Renewable Energy in Hawaii to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Vehicles to Harness Renewable Energy in Hawaii on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Vehicles to Harness Renewable Energy in Hawaii on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Vehicles to Harness Renewable Energy in Hawaii on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Vehicles to Harness Renewable Energy in

  17. Fact #914: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Decline | Department of Energy 4: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline Fact #914: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week In 2009, the cost for lithium-ion plug-in vehicle batteries was about $1,000 per kilowatt-hour (kW-hr) and plug-in vehicle sales were negligible. The first mass-marketed plug-in vehicles were introduced just prior to 2011, when the cost of batteries was nearing $600 per

  18. Fact #878: June 22, 2015 Plug-in Vehicle Penetration in Selected Countries,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2014 - Dataset | Department of Energy 8: June 22, 2015 Plug-in Vehicle Penetration in Selected Countries, 2014 - Dataset Fact #878: June 22, 2015 Plug-in Vehicle Penetration in Selected Countries, 2014 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Plug-in Vehicle Penetration in Selected Countries, 2014 fotw#878_web.xlsx (21.78 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #892: September 28, 2015 Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales Worldwide - Dataset Fact #876: June 8, 2015 Plug-in Electric

  19. Optimal control of a repowered vehicle: Plug-in fuel cell against plug-in hybrid electric powertrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tribioli, L. Cozzolino, R.; Barbieri, M.

    2015-03-10

    This paper describes two different powertrain configurations for the repowering of a conventional vehicle, equipped with an internal combustion engine (ICE). A model of a mid-sized ICE-vehicle is realized and then modified to model both a parallel plug-in hybrid electric powertrain and a proton electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell (FC) hybrid powertrain. The vehicle behavior under the application of an optimal control algorithm for the energy management is analyzed for the different scenarios and results are compared.

  20. The Use of a Solid State Analog Television Transmitter as a Superconducting Electron Gun Power Amplifier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.G. Kulpin, K.J. Kleman, R.A. Legg

    2012-07-01

    A solid state analog television transmitter designed for 200 MHz operation is being commissioned as a radio frequency power amplifier on the Wisconsin superconducting electron gun cavity. The amplifier consists of three separate radio frequency power combiner cabinets and one monitor and control cabinet. The transmitter employs rugged field effect transistors built into one kilowatt drawers that are individually hot swappable at maximum continuous power output. The total combined power of the transmitter system is 33 kW at 200 MHz, output through a standard coaxial transmission line. A low level radio frequency system is employed to digitally synthesize the 200 MHz signal and precisely control amplitude and phase.

  1. Bond strength of cementitious borehole plugs in welded tuff

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akgun, H.; Daemen, J.J.K.

    1991-02-01

    Axial loads on plugs or seals in an underground repository due to gas, water pressures and temperature changes induced subsequent to waste and plug emplacement lead to shear stresses at the plug/rock contact. Therefore, the bond between the plug and rock is a critical element for the design and effectiveness of plugs in boreholes, shafts or tunnels. This study includes a systematic investigation of the bond strength of cementitious borehole plugs in welded tuff. Analytical and numerical analysis of borehole plug-rock stress transfer mechanics is performed. The interface strength and deformation are studied as a function of Young`s modulus ratio of plug and rock, plug length and rock cylinder outside-to-inside radius ratio. The tensile stresses in and near an axially loaded plug are analyzed. The frictional interface strength of an axially loaded borehole plug, the effect of axial stress and lateral external stress, and thermal effects are also analyzed. Implications for plug design are discussed. The main conclusion is a strong recommendation to design friction plugs in shafts, drifts, tunnels or boreholes with a minimum length to diameter ratio of four. Such a geometrical design will reduce tensile stresses in the plug and in the host rock to a level which should minimize the risk of long-term deterioration caused by excessive tensile stresses. Push-out tests have been used to determine the bond strength by applying an axial load to cement plugs emplaced in boreholes in welded tuff cylinders. A total of 130 push-out tests have been performed as a function of borehole size, plug length, temperature, and degree of saturation of the host tuff. The use of four different borehole radii enables evaluation of size effects. 119 refs., 42 figs., 20 tabs.

  2. Search tool plug-in: imploements latent topic feedback

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2011-09-23

    IRIS is a search tool plug-in that is used to implement latent topic feedback for enhancing text navigation. It accepts a list of returned documents from an information retrieval wywtem that is generated from keyword search queries. Data is pulled directly from a topic information database and processed by IRIS to determine the most prominent and relevant topics, along with topic-ngrams, associated with the list of returned documents. User selected topics are then used tomore » expand the query and presumabley refine the search results.« less

  3. Method for preventing plugging in the pyrolysis of agglomerative coals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Green, Norman W.

    1979-01-23

    To prevent plugging in a pyrolysis operation where an agglomerative coal in a nondeleteriously reactive carrier gas is injected as a turbulent jet from an opening into an elongate pyrolysis reactor, the coal is comminuted to a size where the particles under operating conditions will detackify prior to contact with internal reactor surfaces while a secondary flow of fluid is introduced along the peripheral inner surface of the reactor to prevent backflow of the coal particles. The pyrolysis operation is depicted by two equations which enable preselection of conditions which insure prevention of reactor plugging.

  4. Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Analysis (Milestone Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, T.; Brooker, A.; Gonder, J.; O'Keefe, M.; Simpson, A.; Thornton, M.

    2006-11-01

    NREL's plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) analysis activities made great strides in FY06 to objectively assess PHEV technology, support the larger U.S. Department of Energy PHEV assessment effort, and share technical knowledge with the vehicle research community and vehicle manufacturers. This report provides research papers and presentations developed in FY06 to support these efforts. The report focuses on the areas of fuel economy reporting methods, cost and consumption benefit analysis, real-world performance expectations, and energy management strategies.

  5. AVTA: Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Buses

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following set of reports describes data collected from testing several plug-in hybrid electric school buses in locations in three different states. This research was conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

  6. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Penetration Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balducci, Patrick J.

    2008-04-03

    This report examines the economic drivers, technology constraints, and market potential for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in the U.S. A PHEV is a hybrid vehicle with batteries that can be recharged by connecting to the grid and an internal combustion engine that can be activated when batteries need recharging. The report presents and examines a series of PHEV market penetration scenarios. Based on input received from technical experts and industry representative contacted for this report and data obtained through a literature review, annual market penetration rates for PHEVs are presented from 2013 through 2045 for three scenarios. Each scenario is examined and implications for PHEV development are explored.

  7. Compact Fluorescent Plug-In Ballast-in-a-Socket

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rebecca Voelker

    2001-12-21

    The primary goal of this program was to develop a ballast system for plug-in CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) that will directly replace standard metal shell, medium base incandescent lampholders (such as Levition No. 6098) for use with portable lamp fixtures, such as floor, table and desk lamps. A secondary goal was to identify a plug-in CFL that is optimized for use with this ballast. This Plug-in CFL Ballastin-a-Socket system will allow fixture manufacturers to easily manufacture CFL-based high-efficacy portable fixtures that provide residential and commercial consumers with attractive, cost-effective, and energy-efficient fixtures for use wherever portable incandescent fixtures are used today. The advantages of this proposed system over existing CFL solutions are that the fixtures can only be used with high-efficacy CFLs, and they will be more attractive and will have lower life-cycle costs than screw-in or adapter-based CFL retrofit solutions. These features should greatly increase the penetration of CFL's into the North American market. Our work has shown that using integrated circuits it is quite feasible to produce a lamp-fixture ballast of a size comparable to the current Edison-screw 3-way incandescent fixtures. As for price points for BIAS-based fixtures, end-users polled by the Lighting Research Institute at RPI indicated that they would pay as much as an additional $10 for a lamp containing such a ballast. The ballast has been optimized to run with a 26 W amalgam triple biax lamp in the base-down position, yet can accept non-amalgam versions of the lamp. With a few part alterations, the ballast can be produced to support 32 W lamps as well. The ballast uses GE's existing L-Comp[1] power topology in the circuit so that the integrated circuit design would be a design that could possibly be used by other CFL and EFL products with minor modifications. This gives added value by reducing cost and size of not only the BIAS, but also possibly other integral

  8. Plug in to energy-conservation media materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-06-01

    This compendium of available energy conservation information is based on survey responses from Florida electric and gas utility companies. For each entry is given the title, source, employee contact, audience, availability, whether or not a sample may be obtained, and whether or not the publication can be reprinted. For radio and television spots there is given the length of the spot and whether or not a script may be obtained. Areas covered include: air conditioning, alternate energy sources, appliances and appliances labeling, catalogs, caulking and weatherstripping, checklists and tips, construction, electricity, energy crisis and shortages, energy saving homes, exhibits and displays, fans and ventilation, fireplaces and wood burning stoves, general information, heating, heat pumps, insulation, lighting, load management, local utility information, mobile homes, natural gas, newsletters, pools, residential conservation service and energy audits, safety, solar, solar water heating, speakers bureau, tax credits and rebates, thermostats, utility bills and meters, waste heat recovery, water heating and conservation, and windows and doors. Participating utility companies and their mailing addresses, as well as other energy resources, are listed. (LEW)

  9. New TV Guide- EnergyGuide, That Is

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Though energy-efficient television sets are on the market, it's not always easy to identify them. But that's all about to change.

  10. Fact #891: September 21, 2015 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Electric Vehicle Purchases - Dataset | Department of Energy 1: September 21, 2015 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Purchases - Dataset Fact #891: September 21, 2015 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Purchases - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Purchases fotw#891_web.xlsx (215.62 KB) More Documents & Publications Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014:

  11. Fact #919: April 4, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Times Vary Considerably - Dataset | Department of Energy 9: April 4, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options and Times Vary Considerably - Dataset Fact #919: April 4, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options and Times Vary Considerably - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options and Times Vary Considerably fotw#919_web.xlsx (372.17 KB) More Documents & Publications Codes and Standards Support Vehicle Electrification Codes and Standards to

  12. EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles | Department of Energy Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles January 24, 2014 - 1:14pm Addthis Chemist Kris Pupek and student researcher Thoe Michaelos prepare validation experiments for the synthesis of battery materials at Argonne National Laboratory in Lemont, Illinois. Battery research at Argonne, and other national laboratories like it, are helping plug-in electric

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Plug-in Electric Vehicle On-Road

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Demonstration Data | Department of Energy Plug-in Electric Vehicle On-Road Demonstration Data Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Plug-in Electric Vehicle On-Road Demonstration Data Through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) accelerated the electrification of the nation's vehicle fleet. VTO invested $400 million in 18 projects to demonstrate plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs, also known as electric cars) and infrastructure, including 10

  14. Guide to Federal Funding, Financing, and Technical Assistance for Plug-in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Electric Vehicles and Charging Stations | Department of Energy Guide to Federal Funding, Financing, and Technical Assistance for Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Charging Stations Guide to Federal Funding, Financing, and Technical Assistance for Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Charging Stations The U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Transportation have published a guide to highlight examples of federal support and technical assistance for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles Saves With Hybrid and Plug-In

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Electric Vehicles Los Angeles Saves With Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles Saves With Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles Saves With Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles Saves With Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles Saves With

  16. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station Hosts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-04-01

    This handbook answers basic questions about plug-in electric vehicles, charging stations, charging equipment, and considerations for station owners, property owners, and station hosts.

  17. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station Hosts (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01

    This handbook answers basic questions about plug-in electric vehicles, charging stations, charging equipment, and considerations for station owners, property owners, and station hosts.

  18. Fun Fact Friday: Plug-in Hybrid Edition | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fun Fact Friday: Plug-in Hybrid Edition Fun Fact Friday: Plug-in Hybrid Edition September 27, 2013 - 11:50am Addthis Plug-in electric vehicles, such as the Chevrolet Volt, run on electricity for short trips but use gasoline for longer trips. | Department of Energy photo Plug-in electric vehicles, such as the Chevrolet Volt, run on electricity for short trips but use gasoline for longer trips. | Department of Energy photo Paul Lester Paul Lester Digital Content Specialist, Office of Public

  19. DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) is demonstrating that plug-in electric vehicles can provide significant benefits to medium and heavy-duty fleets, especially utilities.

  20. Fact #822: May 26, 2014 Battery Capacity Varies Widely for Plug-In Vehicles

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy 2: May 26, 2014 Battery Capacity Varies Widely for Plug-In Vehicles Fact #822: May 26, 2014 Battery Capacity Varies Widely for Plug-In Vehicles Battery-electric vehicles have capacities ranging from 12 kilowatt-hours (kWh) in the Scion iQ EV to 85 kWh in the Tesla Model S. Plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles typically have smaller battery capacities than battery-electric vehicles because their range is extended with a gasoline engine. All of these plug-in vehicles

  1. Fact #892: September 28, 2015 Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Worldwide - Dataset | Department of Energy 92: September 28, 2015 Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales Worldwide - Dataset Fact #892: September 28, 2015 Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales Worldwide - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales Worldwide fotw#892_web.xlsx (22.95 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #918: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by About 80% in 2015 - Dataset Fact #856 January 19, 2015

  2. Fact #931: June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Different Size Classes in 2015 | Department of Energy 1: June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine Different Size Classes in 2015 Fact #931: June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine Different Size Classes in 2015 SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) which include all-electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles were available in nine different vehicle classes in 2015. There were a total of about 114,000 PEV sold in 2015

  3. Fact #947: October 17, 2016 Over Half a Million Plug-in Vehicles Have Been

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sold in the United States as of September 2016 | Department of Energy 7: October 17, 2016 Over Half a Million Plug-in Vehicles Have Been Sold in the United States as of September 2016 Fact #947: October 17, 2016 Over Half a Million Plug-in Vehicles Have Been Sold in the United States as of September 2016 SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week Plug-in vehicle sales reached a milestone in September 2016 as cumulative sales topped 500,000 units. The introduction of the first mass market plug-in

  4. Fact #876: June 8, 2015 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Penetration by State, 2014

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    - Dataset | Department of Energy 6: June 8, 2015 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Penetration by State, 2014 - Dataset Fact #876: June 8, 2015 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Penetration by State, 2014 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for 2015 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Penetration by State, 2014 fotw#876_web_revised.xlsx (207.96 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #936: August 1, 2016 California Had the Highest Concentration of Plug-in Vehicles Relative to Population in 2015 Fact #878: June 22, 2015

  5. Fact #918: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    About 80% in 2015 - Dataset | Department of Energy 8: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by About 80% in 2015 - Dataset Fact #918: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by About 80% in 2015 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by About 80% in 2015 fotw#918_web.xlsx (17.12 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #937: August 8, 2016 Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric Vehicles Sold

  6. Plug-in Hybrid Modeling and Application: Cost/Benefit Analysis (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, A.

    2006-08-24

    Presents data from a simulation of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle efficiency and cost, including baseline vehicle assumptions, powertrain technology scenarios, and component modeling.

  7. EV Everywhere: All-Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars Find Electric Vehicle Models Vehicle Charging Saving Fuel & Vehicle Costs Electric Vehicle Stories Benefits of Electric Vehicles Electric ...

  8. Dynamic Programming Applied to Investigate Energy Management Strategies for a Plug-in HEV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Keefe. M. P.; Markel, T.

    2006-11-01

    This paper explores two basic plug-in hybrid electric vehicle energy management strategies: an electric vehicle centric control strategy and an engine-motor blended control strategy.

  9. U-225: Citrix Access Gateway Plug-in for Windows nsepacom ActiveX Control Vulnerabilities

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two vulnerabilities in Citrix Access Gateway Plug-in for Windows can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a user's system.

  10. Battery Requirements for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles -- Analysis and Rationale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A. A.; Markel, T.; Tataria, H. S.; Howell, D.

    2009-07-01

    Presents analysis, discussions, and resulting requirements for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle batteries adopted by the US Advanced Battery Consortium.

  11. EV Everywhere: Electric Drive Systems Bring Power to Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Find out how the Energy Department's Vehicles Technologies Office is helping reduce the cost of plug-in electric vehicles through research and development of electric drive technologies.

  12. Battery Choices and Potential Requirements for Plug-In Hybrids (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.

    2007-02-13

    Plug-in Hybrid vehicles energy storage and drive cycle impacts presentation given at the 7th Advanced Automotive Battery Conference.

  13. Measuring and Reporting Fuel Economy of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Simpson, A.

    2006-11-01

    This paper reviews techniques used to characterize plug-in hybrid electric vehicle fuel economy, discussing their merits, limitations, and best uses.

  14. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Energy Storage System Design: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

    2006-05-01

    This paper discusses the design options for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, including power, energy, and operating strategy as they relate to the energy storage system.

  15. Fact #919: April 4, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options and Times Vary Considerably fotw919web.xlsx (372.17 KB) More Documents & Publications Codes and Standards Support Vehicle ...

  16. Fact #919: April 4, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    per charge time, vehicle charge ports, and vehicle manufacturers that use charge ports. ... Infrastructure to Charge Plug-In Electric Vehicles," website accessed 3042016. ...

  17. EERE Success Story-Plug-in Electric Vehicles Charge Forward in Oregon |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Plug-in Electric Vehicles Charge Forward in Oregon EERE Success Story-Plug-in Electric Vehicles Charge Forward in Oregon March 10, 2015 - 12:00am Addthis EERE Success Story—Plug-in Electric Vehicles Charge Forward in Oregon Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are charging forward in Oregon, with the help of EERE's Vehicle Technologies Office. A Clean Cities community readiness award provided a major step forward, helping the state develop a comprehensive market

  18. Energy Saver Tax Tips: Get Money Back for Buying, Charging Plug-in Electric

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles | Department of Energy Saver Tax Tips: Get Money Back for Buying, Charging Plug-in Electric Vehicles Energy Saver Tax Tips: Get Money Back for Buying, Charging Plug-in Electric Vehicles March 21, 2016 - 4:58pm Addthis All-electric and plug-in hybrid cars purchased in 2015 may be eligible for federal and state income tax credits. Photo by Dennis Schroeder/NREL All-electric and plug-in hybrid cars purchased in 2015 may be eligible for federal and state income tax credits. Photo by

  19. Fact #914: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Decline - Dataset | Department of Energy 14: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline - Dataset Fact #914: February 29, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Plug-in Vehicle Sales Climb as Battery Costs Decline fotw#914_web.xlsx (15.25 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #937: August 8, 2016 Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric Vehicles Sold Increased from 2014 to 2015 - Dataset Fact #892:

  20. DOE Announces $30 Million for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects DOE Announces $30 Million for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects June 12, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis Adds Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle to Department's Fleet WASHINGTON - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Andy Karsner today announced up to $30 million in funding over three years for three cost-shared Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) demonstration and development

  1. Clean Cities Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Electrical Contractors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-04-01

    This handbook answers basic questions about plug-in electric vehicles, charging stations, charging equipment, charging equipment installation, and training for electrical contractors.

  2. Battery Test Manual For Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffrey R. Belt

    2010-12-01

    This battery test procedure manual was prepared for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Program. It is based on technical targets established for energy storage development projects aimed at meeting system level DOE goals for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). The specific procedures defined in this manual support the performance and life characterization of advanced battery devices under development for PHEV’s. However, it does share some methods described in the previously published battery test manual for power-assist hybrid electric vehicles. Due to the complexity of some of the procedures and supporting analysis, a revision including some modifications and clarifications of these procedures is expected. As in previous battery and capacitor test manuals, this version of the manual defines testing methods for full-size battery systems, along with provisions for scaling these tests for modules, cells or other subscale level devices.

  3. Battery Test Manual For Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffrey R. Belt

    2010-09-01

    This battery test procedure manual was prepared for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Program. It is based on technical targets established for energy storage development projects aimed at meeting system level DOE goals for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). The specific procedures defined in this manual support the performance and life characterization of advanced battery devices under development for PHEV’s. However, it does share some methods described in the previously published battery test manual for power-assist hybrid electric vehicles. Due to the complexity of some of the procedures and supporting analysis, a revision including some modifications and clarifications of these procedures is expected. As in previous battery and capacitor test manuals, this version of the manual defines testing methods for full-size battery systems, along with provisions for scaling these tests for modules, cells or other subscale level devices.

  4. Strength and stability of microbial plugs in porous media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarkar, A.K.

    1995-12-31

    Mobility reduction induced by the growth and metabolism of bacteria in high-permeability layers of heterogeneous reservoirs is an economically attractive technique to improve sweep efficiency. This paper describes an experimental study conducted in sandpacks using an injected bacterium to investigate the strength and stability of microbial plugs in porous media. Successful convective transport of bacteria is important for achieving sufficient initial bacteria distribution. The chemotactic and diffusive fluxes are probably not significant even under static conditions. Mobility reduction depends upon the initial cell concentrations and increase in cell mass. For single or multiple static or dynamic growth techniques, permeability reduction was approximately 70% of the original permeability. The stability of these microbial plugs to increases in pressure gradient and changes in cell physiology in a nutrient-depleted environment needs to be improved.

  5. California Statewide Plug-In Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Assessment

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Prepared for: California Energy Commission Prepared by: National Renewable Energy Laboratory A l t e r n a t i v e a n d R e n e w a b l e F u e l a n d V e h i c l e T e c h n o l o g y P r o g r a m F I N A L P R O J E C T R E P O R T CALIFORNIA STATEWIDE PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE ASSESSMENT May 2014 CEC-600-2014-003 Prepared by: Primary Author(s): Marc Melaina, Ph.D. Michael Helwig, Ph.D. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 Agreement

  6. Fact #877: June 15, 2015 Which States Have More Battery Electric Vehicles than Plug-in Hybrids?

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) include both battery electric vehicles (BEVs) which run only on electricity, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which run on electricity and/or gasoline....

  7. An Optimization Model for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malikopoulos, Andreas; Smith, David E

    2011-01-01

    The necessity for environmentally conscious vehicle designs in conjunction with increasing concerns regarding U.S. dependency on foreign oil and climate change have induced significant investment towards enhancing the propulsion portfolio with new technologies. More recently, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have held great intuitive appeal and have attracted considerable attention. PHEVs have the potential to reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the commercial transportation sector. They are especially appealing in situations where daily commuting is within a small amount of miles with excessive stop-and-go driving. The research effort outlined in this paper aims to investigate the implications of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions in a medium-duty PHEV. An optimization framework is developed and applied to two different parallel powertrain configurations, e.g., pre-transmission and post-transmission, to derive the optimal design with respect to motor/generator and battery size. A comparison between the conventional and PHEV configurations with equivalent size and performance under the same driving conditions is conducted, thus allowing an assessment of the fuel economy and GHG emissions potential improvement. The post-transmission parallel configuration yields higher fuel economy and less GHG emissions compared to pre-transmission configuration partly attributable to the enhanced regenerative braking efficiency.

  8. Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015- Dataset

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file and dataset for Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015

  9. Fact #936: August 1, 2016 California Had the Highest Concentration of Plug-in Vehicles Relative to Population in 2015

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Excel file and dataset for California Had the Highest Concentration of Plug-in Vehicles Relative to Population in 2015

  10. Sorting through the many total-energy-cycle pathways possible with early plug-in hybrids.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaines, L.; Burnham, A.; Rousseau, A.; Santini, D.; Energy Systems

    2008-01-01

    Using the 'total energy cycle' methodology, we compare U.S. near term (to {approx}2015) alternative pathways for converting energy to light-duty vehicle kilometers of travel (VKT) in plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), hybrids (HEVs), and conventional vehicles (CVs). For PHEVs, we present total energy-per-unit-of-VKT information two ways (1) energy from the grid during charge depletion (CD); (2) energy from stored on-board fossil fuel when charge sustaining (CS). We examine 'incremental sources of supply of liquid fuel such as (a) oil sands from Canada, (b) Fischer-Tropsch diesel via natural gas imported by LNG tanker, and (c) ethanol from cellulosic biomass. We compare such fuel pathways to various possible power converters producing electricity, including (i) new coal boilers, (ii) new integrated, gasified coal combined cycle (IGCC), (iii) existing natural gas fueled combined cycle (NGCC), (iv) existing natural gas combustion turbines, (v) wood-to-electricity, and (vi) wind/solar. We simulate a fuel cell HEV and also consider the possibility of a plug-in hybrid fuel cell vehicle (FCV). For the simulated FCV our results address the merits of converting some fuels to hydrogen to power the fuel cell vs. conversion of those same fuels to electricity to charge the PHEV battery. The investigation is confined to a U.S. compact sized car (i.e. a world passenger car). Where most other studies have focused on emissions (greenhouse gases and conventional air pollutants), this study focuses on identification of the pathway providing the most vehicle kilometers from each of five feedstocks examined. The GREET 1.7 fuel cycle model and the new GREET 2.7 vehicle cycle model were used as the foundation for this study. Total energy, energy by fuel type, total greenhouse gases (GHGs), volatile organic compounds (VOC), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), fine particulate (PM2.5) and sulfur oxides (SO{sub x}) values are presented. We also isolate the PHEV emissions contribution

  11. Sample Employee Newsletter Articles for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Engagement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy Newsletter Articles for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Engagement Sample Employee Newsletter Articles for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Engagement These sample articles on plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) can be customized and used in your employee newsletters, blog or intranet. Use these articles as-is with a credit to the U.S. Department of Energy or use them as a starter for developing your own content. Accompany articles with images from your archives or source content from

  12. Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost | Department of Energy 5: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost The recently released results of a 2008 survey on plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) show that 42% of respondents said there was some chance that they would buy a PHEV sometime in the future. Questions were also asked that gave an

  13. Fact #789: July 22, 2013 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Electric Vehicle Purchases | Department of Energy 9: July 22, 2013 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Purchases Fact #789: July 22, 2013 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Purchases In addition to a Federal government tax credit up to $7,500, consumers who purchase plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) may also receive state government incentives which are different for each state. Shown below are state incentives that can be quantified, such as

  14. Fact #891: September 21, 2015 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Electric Vehicle Purchases | Department of Energy 1: September 21, 2015 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Purchases Fact #891: September 21, 2015 Comparison of State Incentives for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Purchases SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week In addition to a Federal government tax credit up to $7,500, consumers who purchase plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) may also receive state government incentives which vary by state. Shown below are state incentives that

  15. Fact #892: September 28, 2015 Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Worldwide | Department of Energy 2: September 28, 2015 Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales Worldwide Fact #892: September 28, 2015 Over One-Million in Plug-in Vehicle Sales Worldwide SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week As of mid-September 2015 there have been about 1,004,000 plug-in vehicles (PEV) sold worldwide according to HybridCars.com. The pace of PEV sales has quickened - global PEV sales reached half a million in July 2014, and just one year and two months later, reached the one

  16. Fact #911: February 8, 2016 Workplace Charging Increases VMT of Plug-in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles in the EV Project - Dataset | Department of Energy 1: February 8, 2016 Workplace Charging Increases VMT of Plug-in Vehicles in the EV Project - Dataset Fact #911: February 8, 2016 Workplace Charging Increases VMT of Plug-in Vehicles in the EV Project - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Workplace Charging Increases VMT of Plug-in Vehicles in the EV Project fotw#911_web_revised.xlsx (16.86 KB) More Documents & Publications Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Electric

  17. Fact #911: February 8, 2016 Workplace Charging Increases VMT of Plug-in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles in the EV Project | Department of Energy 1: February 8, 2016 Workplace Charging Increases VMT of Plug-in Vehicles in the EV Project Fact #911: February 8, 2016 Workplace Charging Increases VMT of Plug-in Vehicles in the EV Project SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week The EV Project conducted by Idaho National Laboratory showed that plug-in vehicle owners with access to workplace charging (WPC) had higher vehicle miles of travel (VMT) than those without. The Chevrolet Volts and Nissan

  18. Fact #912: February 15, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Owners Take Advantage of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Off-Peak Charging | Department of Energy 2: February 15, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Owners Take Advantage of Off-Peak Charging Fact #912: February 15, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Owners Take Advantage of Off-Peak Charging SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week In the San Diego area, electricity rates are lowest between midnight and 5:00 am. Plug-in vehicles and charging equipment can be scheduled to begin charging when rates are lowest. Analysis of the EV Project data from the San Diego area showed a

  19. Fact #913: February 22, 2016 The Most Common Warranty for Plug-In Vehicle

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Batteries is 8 Years/100,000 Miles | Department of Energy 3: February 22, 2016 The Most Common Warranty for Plug-In Vehicle Batteries is 8 Years/100,000 Miles Fact #913: February 22, 2016 The Most Common Warranty for Plug-In Vehicle Batteries is 8 Years/100,000 Miles SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week For model year 2016, there are nine electric vehicles (EVs) and seven plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) that have battery warranties of 8 years/100,000 miles. Tesla warranties are also

  20. Fact #918: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    About 80% in 2015 | Department of Energy 8: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by About 80% in 2015 Fact #918: March 28, 2016 Global Plug-in Light Vehicle Sales Increased by About 80% in 2015 SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week Although plug-in light vehicle (PEV) sales in the United States declined by 3% in 2015, sales in China more than doubled, surpassing all other countries in the number of PEVs sold. Western Europe as a whole had the second highest volume of PEV

  1. Fact #919: April 4, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Times Vary Considerably | Department of Energy 9: April 4, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options and Times Vary Considerably Fact #919: April 4, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Options and Times Vary Considerably SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week There are currently four basic power levels for charging plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). Level 1 charging is the slowest, adding just two to five miles of range per hour but requiring only a standard 120 volt household outlet.

  2. Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Subcompact Sales in February 2015 | Department of Energy 0: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015 Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact Plug-in Vehicle Sales Reached 4% of Subcompact Sales in February 2015 SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week Monthly plug-in vehicle (PEV) sales are small in comparison to total vehicle sales, but PEV sales shares are growing within some size classes. Looking at six-month moving totals, subcompact PEV sales

  3. Fact #937: August 8, 2016 Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles Sold Increased from 2014 to 2015 - Dataset | Department of Energy 7: August 8, 2016 Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric Vehicles Sold Increased from 2014 to 2015 - Dataset Fact #937: August 8, 2016 Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric Vehicles Sold Increased from 2014 to 2015 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric Vehicles Sold Increased from 2014 to 2015 fotw#937_web.xlsx (17.8 KB) More Documents & Publications

  4. Fact #937: August 8, 2016 Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles Sold Increased from 2014 to 2015 | Department of Energy 7: August 8, 2016 Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric Vehicles Sold Increased from 2014 to 2015 Fact #937: August 8, 2016 Total Battery Capacity of all Plug-in Electric Vehicles Sold Increased from 2014 to 2015 SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week The number of battery packs sold for plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) declined by 3.4% from 2014 to 2015. However, the total battery capacity for all PEVs sold between 2014 and

  5. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Owner Satisfaction - Dataset | Department of Energy 6 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Excel file with dataset for Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction fotw#856_web.xlsx (16.64 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #881: July 13, 2015 Powertrain Efficiency Improvements, 2005 to 2013 - Dataset

  6. Fact #912: February 15, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Owners Take Advantage of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Off-Peak Charging - Dataset | Department of Energy 2: February 15, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Owners Take Advantage of Off-Peak Charging - Dataset Fact #912: February 15, 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Owners Take Advantage of Off-Peak Charging - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Plug-in Vehicle Owners Take Advantage of Off-Peak Charging fotw#912_web.xlsx (20 KB) More Documents & Publications Residential Lighting Usage Estimate Tool, v1.0, Windows version Residential Lighting Usage Estimate Tool, v1.0,

  7. Fact #931 June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Different Size Classes in 2015 - Dataset | Department of Energy 1 June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine Different Size Classes in 2015 - Dataset Fact #931 June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine Different Size Classes in 2015 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine Different Size Classes in 2015 fotw#931_web.xlsx (16.12 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #930: June 20, 2016 Subcompact

  8. Fact #947: October 17, 2016 Over Half a Million Plug-in Vehicles Have Been

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sold in the United States as of September 2016 - Dataset | Department of Energy 7: October 17, 2016 Over Half a Million Plug-in Vehicles Have Been Sold in the United States as of September 2016 - Dataset Fact #947: October 17, 2016 Over Half a Million Plug-in Vehicles Have Been Sold in the United States as of September 2016 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Over Half a Million Plug-in Vehicles Have Been Sold in the United States as of September 2016 fotw#947_web.xlsx (15.66 KB) More

  9. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles & Fuels » Vehicles » Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Text Version Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs)-also called electric drive vehicles collectively-use electricity either as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of

  10. Plug-In Hybrid Urban Delivery Truck Technology Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyasato, Matt; Impllitti, Joseph; Pascal, Amar

    2015-07-31

    The I-710 and CA-60 highways are key transportation corridors in the Southern California region that are heavily used on a daily basis by heavy duty drayage trucks that transport the cargo from the ports to the inland transportation terminals. These terminals, which include store/warehouses, inland-railways, are anywhere from 5 to 50 miles in distance from the ports. The concentrated operation of these drayage vehicles in these corridors has had and will continue to have a significant impact on the air quality in this region whereby significantly impacting the quality of life in the communities surrounding these corridors. To reduce these negative impacts it is critical that zero and near-zero emission technologies be developed and deployed in the region. A potential local market size of up to 46,000 trucks exists in the South Coast Air Basin, based on near- dock drayage trucks and trucks operating on the I-710 freeway. The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD), California Air Resources Board (CARB) and Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) — the agencies responsible for preparing the State Implementation Plan required under the federal Clean Air Act — have stated that to attain federal air quality standards the region will need to transition to broad use of zero and near zero emission energy sources in cars, trucks and other equipment (Southern California Association of Governments et al, 2011). SCAQMD partnered with Volvo Trucks to develop, build and demonstrate a prototype Class 8 heavy-duty plug-in hybrid drayage truck with significantly reduced emissions and fuel use. Volvo’s approach leveraged the group’s global knowledge and experience in designing and deploying electromobility products. The proprietary hybrid driveline selected for this proof of concept was integrated with multiple enhancements to the complete vehicle in order to maximize the emission and energy impact of electrification. A detailed review of all

  11. Kansas Consortium Plug-in Hybrid Medium Duty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2012-03-31

    On September 30, 2008, the US Department of Energy (DoE), issued a cooperative agreement award, DE-FC26-08NT01914, to the Metropolitan Energy Center (MEC), for a project known as “Kansas Consortium Plug-in Hybrid Medium Duty Certification” project. The cooperative agreement was awarded pursuant to H15915 in reference to H. R. 2764 Congressionally Directed Projects. The original agreement provided funding for The Consortium to implement the established project objectives as follows: (1) to understand the current state of the development of a test protocol for PHEV configurations; (2) to work with industry stakeholders to recommend a medium duty vehicle test protocol; (3) to utilize the Phase 1 Eaton PHEV F550 Chassis or other appropriate PHEV configurations to conduct emissions testing; (4) and to make an industry PHEV certification test protocol recommendation for medium duty trucks. Subsequent amendments to the initial agreement were made, the most significant being a revised Scope of Project Objectives (SOPO) that did not address actual field data since it was not available as originally expected. This project was mated by DOE with a parallel project award given to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) in California. The SCAQMD project involved designing, building and testing of five medium duty plug-in hybrid electric trucks. SCAQMD had contracted with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to manage the project. EPRI provided the required match to the federal grant funds to both the SCAQMD project and the Kansas Consortium project. The rational for linking the two projects was that the data derived from the SCAQMD project could be used to validate the protocols developed by the Kansas Consortium team. At the same time, the consortium team would be a useful resource to SCAQMD in designating their test procedures for emissions and operating parameters and determining vehicle mileage. The years between award of the cooperative

  12. Carrier-frequency synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2003-05-13

    Systems and methods are described for carrier-frequency synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a reference signal receiver; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  13. Toyota Prius Plug-In HEV: A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    This fact sheet highlights the Toyota Prius plug-in HEV, a plug-in hybrid electric car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In partnership with the University of Colorado, NREL uses the vehicle for grid-integration studies and for testing new hardware and charge-management algorithms. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

  14. Battery Cathode Developed by Argonne Powers Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Increasing the number of plug-in electric vehicles on Americas roads can help reduce our dependence on petroleum, improving our economic, environmental, and energy security. But without research...

  15. Fact #788: July 15, 2013 State and Private Consumer Incentives for Plug-In Vehicles

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Many states offer their own consumer incentives for plug-in vehicles, such as HOV lane exemptions and tax credits/rebates, as shown in the table below. In some states there are also private...

  16. EV Everywhere: Electric Drive Systems Bring Power to Plug-in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the first time a domestic automaker is building electric motors for an electric vehicle ... electric drive system in a plug-in electric vehicle bridges two different types of energy. ...

  17. Fact #931: June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    cars, such as the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S. Compact and subcompact vehicles ... B-Class Hyundai Sonata Plug In Large Tesla Model S Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid ...

  18. Development and Deployment of Generation 3 Plug-In Hybrid Electric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    PDF icon vss023friesner2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Navistar-Driving efficiency with integrated technology Plug IN Hybrid Vehicle Bus The Business of Near Zero...

  19. Fact #685: July 25, 2011 Reasons for Buying a Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    General Motors has been gathering feedback from customers who purchased the 2011 Chevrolet Volt, which is the only plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) on the market today. Through May 2011, about 2,100...

  20. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Note: The survey did not include any hybrid or plug-in electric light trucks. For consistency, the conventional car classification does not include pickups, vans, or sport-utility ...

  1. Fact #562: March 16, 2009 Carbon Reduction of Plug-in Hybrid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Estimates from the GREET model (see Argonne National Laboratory's information on GREET) show that passenger car PHEV10s produce about 29% ...

  2. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, A.

    2006-11-01

    This paper presents a comparison of vehicle purchase and energy costs, and fuel-saving benefits of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles relative to hybrid electric and conventional vehicles.

  3. Fact #876: June 8, 2015 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Penetration...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Mississippi had the fewest PEV registrations of any state relative to population. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Registrations per Thousand People by State, 2014 Map of the U.S. showing ...

  4. Secretary Chu Announces up to $10 Million to Support Plug-In...

    Energy Savers

    Chu today announced the selection of a new demonstration and testing project to develop a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) school bus to be used in fleets across the country. ...

  5. Wireless Electric Charging: The Future of Plug-In Electric Vehicles...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    In the future, the engineers hope to reach 10kW and eventually 19kW to facilitate faster charging. What if charging your plug-in electric vehicle was as easy as parking it? No need ...

  6. Fact #796: September 9, 2013 Electric Vehicle and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales History

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been available in the U.S. in limited numbers for many years. The introduction of the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt at the...

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Emissions Data Sources and Assumptions to someone by E-mail ...

  8. Fact #843: October 20, 2014 Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3: October 20, 2014 Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales are Two and a Half Times Higher than Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales in the First 45 Months since Market Introduction - ...

  9. Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    released results of a 2008 survey on plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) show that 42% of respondents said there was some chance that they would buy a PHEV sometime in the future. ...

  10. Fact #798: September 23, 2013 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Driving Range

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2013 model year (MY) there are four plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) available to consumers. PHEVs offer a limited amount of all-electric driving range that is drawn from a plug and...

  11. Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Department of Energy Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions In the most comprehensive environmental assessment of electric transportation to date, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) are examining the greenhouse gas emissions

  12. Ford Plug-In Project: Bringing PHEVs to Market Demonstration and Validation Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Annunzio, Julie; Slezak, Lee; Conley, John Jason

    2014-03-26

    This project is in support of our national goal to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. By supporting efforts that contribute toward the successful mass production of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, our nation’s transportation-related fuel consumption can be offset with energy from the grid. Over four and a half years ago, when this project was originally initiated, plug-in electric vehicles were not readily available in the mass marketplace. Through the creation of a 21 unit plug-in hybrid vehicle fleet, this program was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of the technology and to help build cross-industry familiarity with the technology and interface of this technology with the grid. Ford Escape PHEV Demonstration Fleet 3 March 26, 2014 Since then, however, plug-in vehicles have become increasingly more commonplace in the market. Ford, itself, now offers an all-electric vehicle and two plug-in hybrid vehicles in North America and has announced a third plug-in vehicle offering for Europe. Lessons learned from this project have helped in these production vehicle launches and are mentioned throughout this report. While the technology of plugging in a vehicle to charge a high voltage battery with energy from the grid is now in production, the ability for vehicle-to-grid or bi-directional energy flow was farther away than originally expected. Several technical, regulatory and potential safety issues prevented progressing the vehicle-to-grid energy flow (V2G) demonstration and, after a review with the DOE, V2G was removed from this demonstration project. Also proving challenging were communications between a plug-in vehicle and the grid or smart meter. While this project successfully demonstrated the vehicle to smart meter interface, cross-industry and regulatory work is still needed to define the vehicle-to-grid communication interface.

  13. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Spanish Version); Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-08-01

    This is a Spanish-language brochure about hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles, which use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. These vehicles can be divided into three categories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to cut U.S. petroleum use and vehicle emissions.

  14. City of Las Vegas Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-12-31

    The City of Las Vegas was awarded Department of Energy (DOE) project funding in 2009, for the City of Las Vegas Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Program. This project allowed the City of Las Vegas to purchase electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and associated electric vehicle charging infrastructure. The City anticipated the electric vehicles having lower overall operating costs and emissions similar to traditional and hybrid vehicles.

  15. Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Newer flat-screen technologies, such as liquid crystal display (LCD) or plasma, offer ... Plasma TVs ranging from 42-65 inches use 90W-214W when powered on. Now, if you compare a ...

  16. Carrier phase synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2011-02-01

    Systems and methods are described for carrier phase synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing the phase of a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with the phase of a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a receiver to detect the phase of a reference signal; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal-phase receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a phase-controlled radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  17. Carrier phase synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Stephen F; Moore, James A

    2009-09-08

    Systems and methods are described for carrier phase synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing the phase of a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with the phase of a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a receiver to detect the phase of a reference signal; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal-phase receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a phase-controlled radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  18. Fact #873: May 18, 2015 Plug-In Vehicle Sales Total Nearly 120,000 Units in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2014 - Dataset | Department of Energy 3: May 18, 2015 Plug-In Vehicle Sales Total Nearly 120,000 Units in 2014 - Dataset Fact #873: May 18, 2015 Plug-In Vehicle Sales Total Nearly 120,000 Units in 2014 - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Plug-In Vehicle Sales Total Nearly 120,000 Units in 2014 fotw#873_web.xlsx (19.57 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #931 June 27, 2016 Plug-in Electric Vehicles Were Available in Nine Different Size Classes in 2015 - Dataset Fact #913: February 22,

  19. Secretary Chu Announces up to $10 Million to Support Plug-In Hybrid

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Electric School Buses | Department of Energy up to $10 Million to Support Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Buses Secretary Chu Announces up to $10 Million to Support Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Buses April 17, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- As part of the Department of Energy's commitment to advancing the next generation of electric vehicles in the United States, Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the selection of a new demonstration and testing project to develop a

  20. Fact #562: March 16, 2009 Carbon Reduction of Plug-in Hybrid Electric

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles | Department of Energy 2: March 16, 2009 Carbon Reduction of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Fact #562: March 16, 2009 Carbon Reduction of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Estimates from the GREET model (see Argonne National Laboratory's information on GREET) show that passenger car PHEV10s produce about 29% fewer carbon emissions than a conventional vehicle, when plugged into an outlet connected to the typical U.S. grid. Even when PHEV10s are charged using power generated

  1. Fact #823: June 2, 2014 Hybrid Vehicles use more Battery Packs but Plug-in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicles use More Battery Capacity | Department of Energy 3: June 2, 2014 Hybrid Vehicles use more Battery Packs but Plug-in Vehicles use More Battery Capacity Fact #823: June 2, 2014 Hybrid Vehicles use more Battery Packs but Plug-in Vehicles use More Battery Capacity Of the battery packs used for electrified vehicle powertrains in model year 2013, the greatest number went into conventional hybrid vehicles which use battery packs that average about 1.3 kilowatt-hours (kWh). However, far

  2. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Owner Satisfaction | Department of Energy 6 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction The annual owner-satisfaction survey from Consumer Reports in 2014 covered 350,000 vehicles from one to three years old. They asked subscribers if they would purchase the same vehicle again knowing what they know now. The respondents were asked to consider styling, comfort,

  3. EV Everywhere: America's Plug-In Electric Vehicle Market Charges Forward

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy America's Plug-In Electric Vehicle Market Charges Forward EV Everywhere: America's Plug-In Electric Vehicle Market Charges Forward January 22, 2014 - 6:35pm Addthis Hyundai Fuel Cell 1 of 14 Hyundai Fuel Cell Pictured here is Secretary Moniz looking at the fuel cell and motor used to power Hyundai's Tucson fuel cell vehicle. Fuel cell vehicles use hydrogen to produce electricity, which powers an electric motor to make the vehicle and its accessories work. Image: Sarah

  4. AVTA: Reports on Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness at 3 DOD Facilities

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports analyze data and survey results on readiness for the use of plug-in electric vehicles on the Naval Air Station Jacksonville, Naval Station Mayport, and Joint Base Lewis McChord, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  5. Preliminary Assessment of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Wind Energy Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Short, W.; Denholm, P.

    2006-04-01

    This report examines a measure that may potentially reduce oil use and also more than proportionately reduce carbon emissions from vehicles. The authors present a very preliminary analysis of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) that can be charged from or discharged to the grid. These vehicles have the potential to reduce gasoline consumption and carbon emissions from vehicles, as well as improve the viability of renewable energy technologies with variable resource availability. This paper is an assessment of the synergisms between plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and wind energy. The authors examine two bounding cases that illuminate this potential synergism.

  6. EERE Success Story-Battery Cathode Developed by Argonne Powers Plug-in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Electric Vehicles | Department of Energy Cathode Developed by Argonne Powers Plug-in Electric Vehicles EERE Success Story-Battery Cathode Developed by Argonne Powers Plug-in Electric Vehicles August 13, 2015 - 12:12pm Addthis The 2011 Chevrolet Volt at a charging station. Its battery is based on a cathode technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory, which will make the battery safer, longer-lived and more powerful. Photo courtesy of General Motors The 2011 Chevrolet Volt at a

  7. Comparing Hybrid and Plug-in Electric Vehicles | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Comparing Hybrid and Plug-in Electric Vehicles Comparing Hybrid and Plug-in Electric Vehicles June 6, 2013 - 11:02am Addthis A variety of hybrid and all-electric vehicles are available for consumers. | Photo courtesy of Andrew Hudgins, NREL 17078. A variety of hybrid and all-electric vehicles are available for consumers. | Photo courtesy of Andrew Hudgins, NREL 17078. Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory How can I participate? If you're shopping for a new hybrid

  8. Wireless Electric Charging: The Future of Plug-In Electric Vehicles is Going Cordless

    Education Teach & Learn

    What if charging your plug-in electric vehicle was as easy as parking it? No need for cords or cards. Just as Wi-Fi has freed consumers of wires when accessing the Internet, wireless charging technology may soon be as widespread, thanks to research supported by the Energy Department.

  9. Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    In 2011, plug-in car sales in the U.S. were 0.28% of the U.S. car market, and grew to 0.44% of the U.S. car market in the first eight months of 2012. Western Europe has also ...

  10. Fact #815: February 3, 2014 Global Sales of Top 10 Plug-In Vehicles...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of World Total Nissan Leaf 20,081 22,285 42,366 Chevrolet Volt 20,702 4,083 24,785 Tesla Model S 17,700 1,683 19,383 Toyota Prius Plug-In 11,169 7,197 18,366 Mitsubishi ...

  11. EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: DOE's 10-Year Vision for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    EV Everywhere is a Clean Energy Grand Challenge to have the U.S. become the first nation in the world to produce plug-in electric vehicles that are as affordable for the average American family as today's gasoline-powered vehicles within the next 10 years.

  12. Clean Cities Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Fleet Managers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-04-01

    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are entering the automobile market and are viable alternatives to conventional vehicles. This guide for fleet managers describes the basics of PEV technology, PEV benefits for fleets, how to select the right PEV, charging a PEV, and PEV maintenance.

  13. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure: A Foundation for Electrified Transportation: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, T.

    2010-04-01

    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)--which include all-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles--provide a new opportunity for reducing oil consumption by drawing power from the electric grid. To maximize the benefits of PEVs, the emerging PEV infrastructure--from battery manufacturing to communication and control between the vehicle and the grid--must provide access to clean electricity, satisfy stakeholder expectations, and ensure safety. Currently, codes and standards organizations are collaborating on a PEV infrastructure plan. Establishing a PEV infrastructure framework will create new opportunities for business and job development initiating the move toward electrified transportation. This paper summarizes the components of the PEV infrastructure, challenges and opportunities related to the design and deployment of the infrastructure, and the potential benefits.

  14. NREL, Industry Leaders Join Forces to Help Consumers Plug In - News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Releases | NREL NREL, Industry Leaders Join Forces to Help Consumers Plug In Partnership with Google and providers will improve access to information about electric vehicle charging stations April 19, 2011 U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Google Inc., and more than 80 leading organizations in electric vehicle (EV) deployment will collaborate to provide consumers and industry with accurate and up-to-date information on the locations of electric vehicle

  15. NREL: Energy Storage - Battery Second Use for Plug-In Electric Vehicles

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Battery Second Use for Plug-In Electric Vehicles This chart illustrates the life cycle of batteries, beginning with original manufacture, then to automotive service, then to a se3cond use, which includes post-automotive battery assessment, repurposing, and a second use application. Finally, the batteries can be recycled, at which point the recaptured materials could go to making new batteries again. Enlarge image PEV battery life cycle with second use B2U Repurposing Cost Calculator For B2U,

  16. Economics of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications

    2009-01-01

    Plug-In hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have gained significant attention in recent years, as concerns about energy, environmental, and economic securityincluding rising gasoline prices have prompted efforts to improve vehicle fuel economy and reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. PHEVs are particularly well suited to meet these objectives, because they have the potential to reduce petroleum consumption both through fuel economy gains and by substituting electric power for gasoline use.

  17. EV Everywhere: All-Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy EV Everywhere: All-Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars Find Electric Vehicle Models Vehicle Charging Saving Fuel & Vehicle Costs Electric Vehicle Stories Benefits of Electric Vehicles Electric Vehicle Basics Find the best electric car to meet your needs! Search for makes and models, learn about electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, find tax incentives, explore how an EV can save you money, and discover other benefits of EVs. EV Everywhere is a Clean Energy Grand

  18. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure: A Foundation for Electrified Transportation: Preprint

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    951 April 2010 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure: A Foundation for Electrified Transportation Preprint T. Markel To be presented at the MIT Energy Initiative Transportation Electrification Symposium Cambridge, Massachusetts April 8, 2010 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive

  19. An Integrated Onboard Charger and Accessary Power Converter for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Su, Gui-Jia; Tang, Lixin

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: In this paper, an integrated onboard battery charger and accessary dc-dc converter for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) is presented. The idea is to utilize the already available traction drive inverters and motors of a PEV as the frond converter of the charger circuit and the transformer of the 14 V accessary dc-dc converter to provide galvanic isolation. The topology was verified by modeling and experimental results on a 5 kW charger prototype

  20. Sample Employee Newsletter Articles: Plug-In Electric Vehicle Calculators, Maps and Tools

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Vehicle Calculators, Maps and Tools DOE offers a collection of helpful calculators, interactive maps, and data searches that can assist your employees in determining if driving a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) is right for them. Here are three articles that can be used to highlight these resources.  Vehicle Cost Calculator Helps You Add Up the Savings This article helps your employees understand the costs and benefits of buying a PEV as compared to an internal combustion engine.  The

  1. Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    to Western Europe and China | Department of Energy 1: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China In 2011, plug-in car sales in the U.S. were 0.28% of the U.S. car market, and grew to 0.44% of the U.S. car market in the first eight months of 2012. Western Europe has also increased their plug-in market share from 2011 to 2012. In China, however,

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Plug-In Hybrid Medium-Duty Truck Demonstration and Evaluation Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by SCAQMD at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about plug-in hybrid medium-duty truck...

  3. Field Testing Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles with Charge Control Technology in the Xcel Energy Territory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, T.; Bennion K.; Kramer, W.; Bryan, J.; Giedd, J.

    2009-08-01

    Results of a joint study by Xcel Energy and NREL to understand the fuel displacement potential, costs, and emissions impacts of market introduction of plug in hybrid electric vehicles.

  4. Getting Started with VIBE as a DICE Plug-in Module

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rearden, Bradley T; Lefebvre, Robert A

    2010-08-01

    The use of the SCALE (Standardized Computer Analysis for Licensing Evaluation) tool VIBE (Validation, Interpretation and Bias Estimation) as a plug-in module to DICE (Database for the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project) to access and interpret sensitivity data is described. In this initial release of VIBE within DICE, VIBE can identify sensitivity data and group collapse the data into a table, where the values can be sorted and filtered to identify experiments that are the most similar to a targeted application system in terms of sensitivity data. VIBE can then retrieve information about the selected experiments from the DICE database to provide the physical characteristics of the benchmarks.

  5. Correlating Dynamometer Testing to In-Use Fleet Results of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John G. Smart; Sera White; Michael Duoba

    2009-05-01

    Standard dynamometer test procedures are currently being developed to determine fuel and electrical energy consumption of plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV). To define a repeatable test procedure, assumptions were made about how PHEVs will be driven and charged. This study evaluates these assumptions by comparing results of PHEV dynamometer testing following proposed procedures to actual performance of PHEVs operating in the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) North American PHEV Demonstration fleet. Results show PHEVs in the fleet exhibit a wide range of energy consumption, which is not demonstrated in dynamometer testing. Sources of variation in performance are identified and examined.

  6. Battery Requirements for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Analysis and Rationale (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.

    2007-12-01

    Slide presentation to EVS-23 conference describing NREL work to help identify appropriate requirements for batteries to be useful for plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs). Suggested requirements were submitted to the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium, which used them for a 2007 request for proposals. Requirements were provided both for charge-depleting mode and charge-sustaining mode and for high power/energy ratio and hige energy/power ration batteries for each (different modes of PHEV operation), along with battery and system level requirements.

  7. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Performance and Testing Data

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the plug-in hybrid electric version of the following vehicles is available: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi, 2012 Chevrolet Volt, 2012 Toyota Prius, 2013 Toyota Prius, 2013 Chevrolet Volt, 2011 Chrysler Town & Country, 2010 Quantum Escape, and 2010 Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle.

  8. Plug-In Hybrid Medium-Duty Truck Demonstration and Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyasato, Matt; Kosowski, Mark

    2015-10-01

    The Plug-In Hybrid Medium-Duty Truck Demonstration and Evaluation Program was sponsored by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) using American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) funding. The purpose of the program is to develop a path to migrate plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technology to medium-duty vehicles by demonstrating and evaluating vehicles in diverse applications. The program also provided three production-ready PHEV systems—Odyne Systems, Inc. (Odyne) Class 6 to 8 trucks, VIA Motors, Inc. (VIA) half-ton pickup trucks, and VIA three-quarter-ton vans. The vehicles were designed, developed, validated, produced, and deployed. Data were gathered and tests were run to understand the performance improvements, allow cost reductions, and provide future design changes. A smart charging system was developed and produced during the program. The partnerships for funding included the DOE; the California Energy Commission (CEC); the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD); the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); Odyne; VIA; Southern California Edison; and utility and municipal industry participants. The reference project numbers are DOE FOA-28 award number EE0002549 and SCAQMD contract number 10659.

  9. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fuel Use Reporting Methods and Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James E. Francfort

    2009-07-01

    The Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Fuel Use Reporting Methods and Results report provides real world test results from PHEV operations and testing in 20 United States and Canada. Examples are given that demonstrate the significant variations operational parameters can have on PHEV petroleum use. In addition to other influences, PHEV mpg results are significantly impacted by driver aggressiveness, cold temperatures, and whether or not the vehicle operator has charged the PHEV battery pack. The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) has been testing plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) for several years. The AVTA http://avt.inl.gov/), which is part of DOE’s Vehicle Technology Program, also tests other advanced technology vehicles, with 12 million miles of total test vehicle and data collection experience. The Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for conducting the light-duty vehicle testing of PHEVs. Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation also supports the AVTA by conducting PHEV and other types of testing. To date, 12 different PHEV models have been tested, with more than 600,000 miles of PHEV operations data collected.

  10. Factors Affecting the Fuel Consumption of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard "Barney" Carlson; Matthew G. Shirk; Benjamin M. Geller

    2001-11-01

    Primary Factors that Impact the Fuel Consumption of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles RICHARD ‘BARNEY’ CARLSON, MATTHEW G. SHIRK Idaho National Laboratory 2525 N. Fremont Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83415, USA richard.carlson@inl.gov Abstract Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) have proven to significantly reduce petroleum consumption as compared to conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICE) by utilizing electrical energy for propulsion. Through extensive testing of PHEV’s, analysis has shown that the fuel consumption of PHEV’s is more significantly affected than conventional vehicles by either the driver’s input or by the environmental inputs around the vehicle. Six primary factors have been identified that significantly affect the fuel consumption of PHEV’s. In this paper, these primary factors are analyzed from on-road driving and charging data from over 200 PHEV’s throughout North America that include Hymotion Prius conversions and Hybrids Plus Escape conversions. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) tests plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV) vehicles as part of its conduct of DOE’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). In collaboration with its 75 testing partners located in 23 states and Canada, INL has collected data on 191 PHEVs, comprised of 12 different PHEV models (by battery manufacturer). With more than 1 million PHEV test miles accumulated to date, the PHEVs are fleet, track, and dynamometer tested. Six Primary Factors The six primary factors that significantly impact PHEV fuel consumption are listed below. Some of the factors are unique to plug-in vehicles while others are common for all types of vehicles. 1. Usable Electrical Energy is dictated by battery capacity, rate of depletion as well as when the vehicle was last plugged-in. With less electrical energy available the powertrain must use more petroleum to generate the required power output. 2. Driver Aggressiveness impacts the fuel consumption of nearly all vehicles but

  11. Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards & Labeling Programs for Copy Machines, External Power Supplies, LED Displays, Residential Gas Cooktops and Televisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David

    2012-03-01

    This report presents a technical review of international minimum energy performance standards (MEPS), voluntary and mandatory energy efficiency labels and test procedures for five products being considered for new or revised MEPS in China: copy machines, external power supply, LED displays, residential gas cooktops and flat-screen televisions. For each product, an overview of the scope of existing international standards and labeling programs, energy values and energy performance metrics and description and detailed summary table of criteria and procedures in major test standards are presented.

  12. Within-Day Recharge of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Energy Impact of Public Charging Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Jing; Lin, Zhenhong

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the role of public charging infrastructure in increasing the share of driving on electricity that plug-in hybrid electric vehicles might exhibit, thus reducing their gasoline consumption. Vehicle activity data obtained from a global positioning system tracked household travel survey in Austin, Texas, is used to estimate gasoline and electricity consumptions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Drivers within-day recharging behavior, constrained by travel activities and public charger availability, is modeled. It is found that public charging offers greater fuel savings for hybrid electric vehicles s equipped with smaller batteries, by encouraging within-day recharge, and providing an extensive public charging service is expected to reduce plug-in hybrid electric vehicles gasoline consumption by more than 30% and energy cost by 10%, compared to the scenario of home charging only.

  13. Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Quasi-Static Wireless Power Transfer for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Transit Buses: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Lijuan; Gonder, Jeff; Burton, Evan; Brooker, Aaron; Meintz, Andrew; Konan, Arnaud

    2015-11-11

    This study evaluates the costs and benefits associated with the use of a plug-in hybrid electric bus and determines the cost effectiveness relative to a conventional bus and a hybrid electric bus. A sensitivity sweep analysis was performed over a number of a different battery sizes, charging powers, and charging stations. The net present value was calculated for each vehicle design and provided the basis for the design evaluation. In all cases, given present day economic assumptions, the conventional bus achieved the lowest net present value while the optimal plug-in hybrid electric bus scenario reached lower lifetime costs than the hybrid electric bus. The study also performed parameter sensitivity analysis under low market potential assumptions and high market potential assumptions. The net present value of plug-in hybrid electric bus is close to that of conventional bus.

  14. Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Quasi-Static Wireless Power Transfer for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Transit Buses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Lijuan; Gonder, Jeff; Burton, Evan; Brooker, Aaron; Meintz, Andrew; Konan, Arnaud

    2015-10-19

    This study evaluates the costs and benefits associated with the use of a stationary-wireless- power-transfer-enabled plug-in hybrid electric bus and determines the cost effectiveness relative to a conventional bus and a hybrid electric bus. A sensitivity sweep was performed over many different battery sizes, charging power levels, and number/location of bus stop charging stations. The net present cost was calculated for each vehicle design and provided the basis for design evaluation. In all cases, given the assumed economic conditions, the conventional bus achieved the lowest net present cost while the optimal plug-in hybrid electric bus scenario beat out the hybrid electric comparison scenario. The study also performed parameter sensitivity analysis under favorable and high unfavorable market penetration assumptions. The analysis identifies fuel saving opportunities with plug-in hybrid electric bus scenarios at cumulative net present costs not too dissimilar from those for conventional buses.

  15. Fact #913: February 22, 2016 The Most Common Warranty for Plug-In Vehicle Batteries is 8 Years/100,000 Miles- Dataset

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Excel file and dataset for The Most Common Warranty for Plug-In Vehicle Batteries is 8 Years/100,000 Miles

  16. Electric vehicle preparedness Task 3: Detailed assessment of charging infrastructure for plug-in electric vehicles at Joint Base Lewis McChord

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schey, Steve; Francfort, Jim

    2014-10-01

    This report provides an assessment of charging infrastructure required to support the suggested plug-in electric vehicle replacements at Joint Base Lewis McChord.

  17. Impact of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on the Electric Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, Stanton W

    2006-11-01

    Plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed around the world; much work is going on to optimize engine and battery operations for efficient operation, both during discharge and when grid electricity is available for recharging. However, there has generally been the expectation that the grid will not be greatly affected by the use of the vehicles, because the recharging would only occur during offpeak hours, or the number of vehicles will grow slowly enough that capacity planning will respond adequately. But this expectation does not incorporate that endusers will have control of the time of recharging and the inclination for people will be to plug in when convenient for them, rather than when utilities would prefer. It is important to understand the ramifications of introducing a number of plug-in hybrid vehicles onto the grid. Depending on when and where the vehicles are plugged in, they could cause local or regional constraints on the grid. They could require both the addition of new electric capacity along with an increase in the utilization of existing capacity. Local distribution grids will see a change in their utilization pattern, and some lines or substations may become overloaded sooner than expected. Furthermore, the type of generation used to recharge the vehicles will be different depending on the region of the country and timing when the PHEVs recharge. We conducted an analysis of what the grid impact may be in 2018 with one million PHEVs added to the VACAR sub-region of the Southeast Electric Reliability Council, a region that includes South Carolina, North Carolina, and much of Virginia. To do this, we used the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch model, which simulates the hourly dispatch of power generators to meet demand for a region over a given year. Depending on the vehicle, its battery, the charger voltage level, amperage, and duration, the impact on regional electricity demand varied from 1,400 to 6,000 MW. If recharging

  18. Stars on TV-ENERGY STARS®, That Is. | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and LCD thin televisions coming to market, the old 19", 20", and 27" models are downright tiny. As the screen size increases, however, so too at times does the energy consumption. ...

  19. Self-learning control system for plug-in hybrid vehicles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeVault, Robert C [Knoxville, TN

    2010-12-14

    A system is provided to instruct a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle how optimally to use electric propulsion from a rechargeable energy storage device to reach an electric recharging station, while maintaining as high a state of charge (SOC) as desired along the route prior to arriving at the recharging station at a minimum SOC. The system can include the step of calculating a straight-line distance and/or actual distance between an orientation point and the determined instant present location to determine when to initiate optimally a charge depleting phase. The system can limit extended driving on a deeply discharged rechargeable energy storage device and reduce the number of deep discharge cycles for the rechargeable energy storage device, thereby improving the effective lifetime of the rechargeable energy storage device. This "Just-in-Time strategy can be initiated automatically without operator input to accommodate the unsophisticated operator and without needing a navigation system/GPS input.

  20. Integration Issues of Cells into Battery Packs for Plug-in and Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A. A.; Kim, G. H.; Keyser, M.

    2009-05-01

    The main barriers to increased market share of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and commercialization of plug-in HEVs are the cost, safety, and life of lithium ion batteries. Significant effort is being directed to address these issues for lithium ion cells. However, even the best cells may not perform as well when integrated into packs for vehicles because of the environment in which vehicles operate. This paper discusses mechanical, electrical, and thermal integration issues and vehicle interface issues that could impact the cost, life, and safety of the system. It also compares the advantages and disadvantages of using many small cells versus a few large cells and using prismatic cells versus cylindrical cells.

  1. Potential Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Regional Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, Stanton W; Tsvetkova, Alexandra A

    2008-01-01

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed around the world, with much work aiming to optimize engine and battery for efficient operation, both during discharge and when grid electricity is available for recharging. However, the general expectation has been that the grid will not be greatly affected by the use of PHEVs because the recharging will occur during off-peak hours, or the number of vehicles will grow slowly enough so that capacity planning will respond adequately. This expectation does not consider that drivers will control the timing of recharging, and their inclination will be to plug in when convenient, rather than when utilities would prefer. It is important to understand the ramifications of adding load from PHEVs onto the grid. Depending on when and where the vehicles are plugged in, they could cause local or regional constraints on the grid. They could require the addition of new electric capacity and increase the utilization of existing capacity. Usage patterns of local distribution grids will change, and some lines or substations may become overloaded sooner than expected. Furthermore, the type of generation used to meet the demand for recharging PHEVs will depend on the region of the country and the timing of recharging. This paper analyzes the potential impacts of PHEVs on electricity demand, supply, generation structure, prices, and associated emission levels in 2020 and 2030 in 13 regions specified by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA), and on which the data and analysis in EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2007 are based (Figure ES-1). The estimates of power plant supplies and regional hourly electricity demand come from publicly available sources from EIA and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Electricity requirements for PHEVs are based on analysis from the Electric Power Research Institute, with an optimistic

  2. 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), including testing the PHEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 12,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Chevrolet Volt PHEV (VIN 1G1RD6E48BU100815). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec) dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

  3. A New Integrated Onboard Charger and Accessory Power Converter for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Su, Gui-Jia; Tang, Lixin

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a new approach is presented for integrating the function of onboard battery charging into the traction drive system and accessory dc-dc converter of a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV). The idea is to utilize the segmented traction drive system of a PEV as the frond converter of the charging circuit and the transformer and high voltage converter of the 14 V accessory dc-dc converter to form a galvanically isolated onboard charger. Moreover, a control method is presented for suppressing the battery current ripple component of twice the grid frequency with the reduced dc bus capacitor in the segmented inverter. The resultant integrated charger has lower cost, weight, and volume than a standalone charger due to a substantially reduced component count. The proposed integrated charger topology was verified by modeling and experimental results on a 5.8 kW charger prototype.

  4. Advancing Plug-In Hybrid Technology and Flex Fuel Application on a Chrysler Minivan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bazzi, Abdullah; Barnhart, Steven

    2014-12-31

    FCA US LLC viewed this DOE funding as a historic opportunity to begin the process of achieving required economies of scale on technologies for electric vehicles. The funding supported FCA US LLC’s light-duty electric drive vehicle and charging infrastructure-testing activities and enabled FCA US LLC to utilize the funding on advancing Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) technologies to future programs. FCA US LLC intended to develop the next generations of electric drive and energy batteries through a properly paced convergence of standards, technology, components, and common modules, as well as first-responder training and battery recycling. To support the development of a strong, commercially viable supplier base, FCA US LLC also used this opportunity to evaluate various designated component and sub-system suppliers. The original project proposal was submitted in December 2009 and selected in January 2010. The project ended in December 2014.

  5. Fact #873: May 18, 2015 Plug-In Vehicle Sales Total Nearly 120,000 Units in 2014

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The number of plug-in vehicles sold in the United States in 2014 grew to nearly 120,000, up from 97,000 the year before. Nissan and Chevrolet had the best sellers in 2011 with the Leaf and the Volt...

  6. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station Hosts (Brochure), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Public Charging Station Hosts Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station Hosts 2 Table of Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PEV Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Charging Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Benefits and Costs of Hosting a Charging Station . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Charging Station Locations and Hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Ownership and Payment Models . . . . . . 14

  7. Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Poch, L.; Wang, M.; Vyas, A.; Mahalik, M.; Rousseau, A.

    2010-06-01

    This report examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation to help researchers understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies for recharging plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), as well as the powertrain technology and fuel sources for PHEVs.

  8. Impact Assessment of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on the U.S. Power Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Nguyen, Tony B.; Jin, Chunlian; Balducci, Patrick J.; Secrest, Thomas J.

    2010-09-30

    The US electricity grid is a national infrastructure that has the potential to deliver significant amounts of the daily driving energy of the US light duty vehicle (cars, pickups, SUVs, and vans) fleet. This paper discusses a 2030 scenario with 37 million plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on the road in the US demanding electricity for an average daily driving distance of about 33 miles (53 km). The paper addresses the potential grid impacts of the PHEVs fleet relative to their effects on the production cost of electricity, and the emissions from the electricity sector. The results of this analysis indicate significant regional difference on the cost impacts and the CO2 emissions. Battery charging during the day may have twice the cost impacts than charging during the night. The CO2 emissions impacts are very region-dependent. In predominantly coal regions (Midwest), the new PHEV load may reduce the CO2 emission intensity (ton/MWh), while in others regions with significant clean generation (hydro and renewable energy) the CO2 emission intensity may increase. Discussed will the potential impact of the results with the valuation of carbon emissions.

  9. Socially optimal electric driving range of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kontou, Eleftheria; Yin, Yafeng; Lin, Zhenhong

    2015-07-25

    This study determines the optimal electric driving range of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) that minimizes the daily cost borne by the society when using this technology. An optimization framework is developed and applied to datasets representing the US market. Results indicate that the optimal range is 16 miles with an average social cost of 3.19 per day when exclusively charging at home, compared to 3.27 per day of driving a conventional vehicle. The optimal range is found to be sensitive to the cost of battery packs and the price of gasoline. When workplace charging is available, the optimal electric driving range surprisingly increases from 16 to 22 miles, as larger batteries would allow drivers to better take advantage of the charging opportunities to achieve longer electrified travel distances, yielding social cost savings. If workplace charging is available, the optimal density is to deploy a workplace charger for every 3.66 vehicles. Moreover, the diversification of the battery size, i.e., introducing a pair and triple of electric driving ranges to the market, could further decrease the average societal cost per PHEV by 7.45% and 11.5% respectively.

  10. Socially optimal electric driving range of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Kontou, Eleftheria; Yin, Yafeng; Lin, Zhenhong

    2015-07-25

    Our study determines the optimal electric driving range of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) that minimizes the daily cost borne by the society when using this technology. An optimization framework is developed and applied to datasets representing the US market. Results indicate that the optimal range is 16 miles with an average social cost of 3.19 per day when exclusively charging at home, compared to 3.27 per day of driving a conventional vehicle. The optimal range is found to be sensitive to the cost of battery packs and the price of gasoline. Moreover, when workplace charging is available, the optimalmore » electric driving range surprisingly increases from 16 to 22 miles, as larger batteries would allow drivers to better take advantage of the charging opportunities to achieve longer electrified travel distances, yielding social cost savings. If workplace charging is available, the optimal density is to deploy a workplace charger for every 3.66 vehicles. Finally, the diversification of the battery size, i.e., introducing a pair and triple of electric driving ranges to the market, could further decrease the average societal cost per PHEV by 7.45% and 11.5% respectively.« less

  11. Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Hui; Tolbert, Leon M; Ozpineci, Burak

    2008-01-01

    The application of SiC devices (as battery interface, motor controller, etc.) in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) will benefit from their high-temperature capability, high-power density, and high efficiency. Moreover, the light weight and small volume will affect the whole power train system in a HEV, and thus performance and cost. In this work, the performance of HEVs is analyzed using PSAT (powertrain system analysis tool, vehicle simulation software). Power loss models of a SiC inverter are incorporated into PSAT powertrain models in order to study the impact of SiC devices on HEVs. Two types of HEVs are considered. One is the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV, the other is a plug-in HEV (PHEV), whose powertrain architecture is the same as that of the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV. The vehicle-level benefits from the introduction of the SiC devices are demonstrated by simulations. Not only the power loss in the motor controller but also those in other components in the vehicle powertrain are reduced. As a result, the system efficiency is improved and the vehicles consume less energy and emit less harmful gases. It also makes it possible to improve the system compactness with simplified thermal management system. For the PHEV, the benefits are more distinct. Especially, the size of battery bank can be reduced for optimum design.

  12. Magnitude and Variability of Controllable Charge Capacity Provided by Grid Connected Plug-in Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scoffield, Don R; Smart, John; Salisbury, Shawn

    2015-03-01

    As market penetration of plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) increases over time, the number of PEVs charging on the electric grid will also increase. As the number of PEVs increases, their ability to collectively impact the grid increases. The idea of a large body of PEVs connected to the grid presents an intriguing possibility. If utilities can control PEV charging, it is possible that PEVs could act as a distributed resource to provide grid services. The technology required to control charging is available for modern PEVs. However, a system for wide-spread implementation of controllable charging, including robust communication between vehicles and utilities, is not currently present. Therefore, the value of controllable charging must be assessed and weighed against the cost of building and operating such as system. In order to grasp the value of PEV charge control to the utility, the following must be understood: 1. The amount of controllable energy and power capacity available to the utility 2. The variability of the controllable capacity from day to day and as the number of PEVs in the market increases.

  13. A Plug-in Hybrid Consumer Choice Model with Detailed Market Segmentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong; Greene, David L

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a consumer choice model for projecting U.S. demand for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in competition among 13 light-duty vehicle technologies over the period 2005-2050. New car buyers are disaggregated by region, residential area, attitude toward technology risk, vehicle usage intensity, home parking and work recharging. The nested multinomial logit (NMNL) model of vehicle choice incorporates daily vehicle usage distributions, refueling and recharging availability, technology learning by doing, and diversity of choice among makes and models. Illustrative results are presented for a Base Case, calibrated to the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2009 Reference Updated Case, and an optimistic technology scenario reflecting achievement of U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) FreedomCAR goals. PHEV market success is highly dependent on the degree of technological progress assumed. PHEV sales reach one million in 2037 in the Base Case but in 2020 in the FreedomCARGoals Case. In the FreedomCARGoals Case, PHEV cumulative sales reach 1.5 million by 2015. Together with efficiency improvements in other technologies, petroleum use in 2050 is reduced by about 45% from the 2005 level. After technological progress, PHEV s market success appears to be most sensitive to recharging availability, consumers attitudes toward novel echnologies, and vehicle usage intensity. Successful market penetration of PHEVs helps bring down battery costs for electric vehicles (EVs), resulting in a significant EV market share after 2040.

  14. Socially optimal electric driving range of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kontou, Eleftheria; Yin, Yafeng; Lin, Zhenhong

    2015-07-25

    Our study determines the optimal electric driving range of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) that minimizes the daily cost borne by the society when using this technology. An optimization framework is developed and applied to datasets representing the US market. Results indicate that the optimal range is 16 miles with an average social cost of 3.19 per day when exclusively charging at home, compared to 3.27 per day of driving a conventional vehicle. The optimal range is found to be sensitive to the cost of battery packs and the price of gasoline. Moreover, when workplace charging is available, the optimal electric driving range surprisingly increases from 16 to 22 miles, as larger batteries would allow drivers to better take advantage of the charging opportunities to achieve longer electrified travel distances, yielding social cost savings. If workplace charging is available, the optimal density is to deploy a workplace charger for every 3.66 vehicles. Finally, the diversification of the battery size, i.e., introducing a pair and triple of electric driving ranges to the market, could further decrease the average societal cost per PHEV by 7.45% and 11.5% respectively.

  15. Cost Analysis of Plug-In Hybred Electric Vehicles Using GPS-Based Longitudinal Travel Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Xing; Dong, Jing; Lin, Zhenhong

    2014-01-01

    Using spatial, longitudinal travel data of 415 vehicles over 3 18 months in the Seattle metropolitan area, this paper estimates the operating costs of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) of various electric ranges (10, 20, 30, and 40 miles) for 3, 5, and 10 years of payback period, considering different charging infrastructure deployment levels and gasoline prices. Some key findings were made. (1) PHEVs could help save around 60% or 40% in energy costs, compared with conventional gasoline vehicles (CGVs) or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), respectively. However, for motorists whose daily vehicle miles traveled (DVMT) is significant, HEVs may be even a better choice than PHEV40s, particularly in areas that lack a public charging infrastructure. (2) The incremental battery cost of large-battery PHEVs is difficult to justify based on the incremental savings of PHEVs operating costs unless a subsidy is offered for largebattery PHEVs. (3) When the price of gasoline increases from $4/gallon to $5/gallon, the number of drivers who benefit from a larger battery increases significantly. (4) Although quick chargers can reduce charging time, they contribute little to energy cost savings for PHEVs, as opposed to Level-II chargers.

  16. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Fast Charge Station Operational Analysis with Integrated Renewables: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, M.; Markel, T.

    2012-08-01

    The growing, though still nascent, plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) market currently operates primarily via level 1 and level 2 charging in the United States. Fast chargers are still a rarity, but offer a confidence boost to oppose 'range anxiety' in consumers making the transition from conventional vehicles to PEVs. Because relatively no real-world usage of fast chargers at scale exists yet, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory developed a simulation to help assess fast charging needs based on real-world travel data. This study documents the data, methods, and results of the simulation run for multiple scenarios, varying fleet sizes, and the number of charger ports. The grid impact of this usage is further quantified to assess the opportunity for integration of renewables; specifically, a high frequency of fast charging is found to be in demand during the late afternoons and evenings coinciding with grid peak periods. Proper integration of a solar array and stationary battery thus helps ease the load and reduces the need for new generator construction to meet the demand of a future PEV market.

  17. Image display device in digital TV

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choi, Seung Jong

    2006-07-18

    Disclosed is an image display device in a digital TV that is capable of carrying out the conversion into various kinds of resolution by using single bit map data in the digital TV. The image display device includes: a data processing part for executing bit map conversion, compression, restoration and format-conversion for text data; a memory for storing the bit map data obtained according to the bit map conversion and compression in the data processing part and image data inputted from an arbitrary receiving part, the receiving part receiving one of digital image data and analog image data; an image outputting part for reading the image data from the memory; and a display processing part for mixing the image data read from the image outputting part and the bit map data converted in format from the a data processing part. Therefore, the image display device according to the present invention can convert text data in such a manner as to correspond with various resolution, carry out the compression for bit map data, thereby reducing the memory space, and support text data of an HTML format, thereby providing the image with the text data of various shapes.

  18. All-SiC Inductively Coupled Charger with Integrated Plug-in and Boost Functionalities for PEV Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan; Campbell, Steven L; Tolbert, Leon M

    2016-01-01

    So far, vehicular power electronics integration is limited to the integration of on-board battery chargers (OBC) into the traction drive system and sometimes to the accessory dc/dc converters in plug-in electric vehicles (PEV). These integration approaches do not provide isolation from the grid although it is an important feature that is required for user interface systems that have grid connections. This is therefore a major limitation that needs to be addressed along with the integrated functionality. Furthermore, there is no previous study that proposes the integration of wireless charger with the other on-board components. This study features a unique way of combining the wired and wireless charging functionalities with vehicle side boost converter integration and maintaining the isolation to provide the best solution to the plug-in electric vehicle users. The new topology is additionally compared with commercially available OBC systems from manufacturers.

  19. Owning and Driving a Car You Plug In Scott Wilson, Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Owning and Driving a Car You Plug In Scott Wilson, Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC US Patent and Trademark Office Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC www.evadc.org Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC www.evadc.org EVADC - Owners, Drivers, Builders of Electric Vehicles * Education of the public, promotion of EV's Electric Vehicle Association of Greater Washington DC www.evadc.org 2012 Nissan Leaf 36k miles 2016 Kia Soul EV 7k miles 2014

  20. Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Amgad Elgowainy and Michael Wang Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory LDV Workshop July26, 2010 2 2 2 Team Members 2  ANL's Energy Systems (ES) Division  Michael Wang (team leader)  Dan Santini  Anant Vyas  Amgad Elgowainy  Jeongwoo Han  Aymeric Rousseau  ANL's Decision and Information Sciences (DIS) Division:  Guenter Conzelmann  Leslie Poch 

  1. Assessing the Battery Cost at Which Plug-In Hybrid Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles Become Cost-Effective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J. D.; Brooker, A. D.

    2013-04-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) validated diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid medium-duty parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reductions and cost implications of hybrid and plug-in hybrid diesel variants. The hybrid and plug-in hybrid variants are run on a field data-derived design matrix to analyze the effect of drive cycle, distance, engine downsizing, battery replacements, and battery energy on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. For an array of diesel fuel costs, the battery cost per kilowatt-hour at which the hybridized configuration becomes cost-effective is calculated. This builds on a previous analysis that found the fuel savings from medium duty plug-in hybrids more than offset the vehicles' incremental price under future battery and fuel cost projections, but that they seldom did so under present day cost assumptions in the absence of purchase incentives. The results also highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle specific daily distance and kinetic intensity.

  2. Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donald Karner

    2007-12-01

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) testing in order to provide benchmark data for technology modeling and research and development programs, and to be an independent source of test data for fleet managers and other early adaptors of advanced-technology vehicles. To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on 12 HEV models and accumulated 2.7 million fleet testing miles on 35 HEVs. The HEV baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed-track testing to document HEV performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model accumulate 160,000 test miles within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events and fuel use were recorded. Three models of PHEVs, from vehicle converters Energy CS and Hymotion and the original equipment manufacturer Renault, are currently in testing. The PHEV baseline performance testing includes 5 days of dynamometer testing with a minimum of 26 test drive cycles, including the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule, the Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule, and the US06 test cycle, in charge-depleting and charge-sustaining modes. The PHEV accelerated testing is conducted with dedicated drivers for 4,240 miles, over a series of 132 driving loops that range from 10 to 200 miles over various combinations of defined 10-mile urban and 10-mile highway loops, with 984 hours of vehicle charging. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These AVTA testing activities were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and Electric Transportation Applications, with dynamometer testing conducted at Argonne National Laboratory. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

  3. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Market Introduction Study: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikes, Karen; Gross, Thomas; Lin, Zhenhong; Sullivan, John; Cleary, Timothy; Ward, Jake

    2010-02-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Sentech, Inc., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)/University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have conducted a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Market Introduction Study to identify and assess the effect of potential policies, regulations, and temporary incentives as key enablers for a successful market debut. The timeframe over which market-stimulating incentives would be implemented - and the timeframe over which they would be phased out - are suggested. Possible sources of revenue to help fund these mechanisms are also presented. In addition, pinch points likely to emerge during market growth are identified and proposed solutions presented. Finally, modeling results from ORNL's Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies (MA3T) Model and UMTRI's Virtual AutoMotive MarketPlace (VAMMP) Model were used to quantify the expected effectiveness of the proposed policies and to recommend a consensus strategy aimed at transitioning what begins as a niche industry into a thriving and sustainable market by 2030. The primary objective of the PHEV Market Introduction Study is to identify the most effective means for accelerating the commercialization of PHEVs in order to support national energy and economic goals. Ideally, these mechanisms would maximize PHEV sales while minimizing federal expenditures. To develop a robust market acceleration program, incentives and policies must be examined in light of: (1) clarity and transparency of the market signals they send to the consumer; (2) expenditures and resources needed to support them; (3) expected impacts on the market for PHEVs; (4) incentives that are compatible and/or supportive of each other; (5) complexity of institutional and regulatory coordination needed; and (6) sources of funding.

  4. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Interim Report: Phase I Scenario Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikes, Karen R; Markel, Lawrence C; Hadley, Stanton W; Hinds, Shaun; DeVault, Robert C

    2009-01-01

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) offer significant improvements in fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits, and decreased reliance on imported petroleum. However, the cost associated with new components (e.g., advanced batteries) to be introduced in these vehicles will likely result in a price premium to the consumer. This study aims to overcome this market barrier by identifying and evaluating value propositions that will increase the qualitative value and/or decrease the overall cost of ownership relative to the competing conventional vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) of 2030 During this initial phase of this study, business scenarios were developed based on economic advantages that either increase the consumer value or reduce the consumer cost of PHEVs to assure a sustainable market that can thrive without the aid of state and Federal incentives or subsidies. Once the characteristics of a thriving PHEV market have been defined for this timeframe, market introduction steps, such as supportive policies, regulations and temporary incentives, needed to reach this level of sustainability will be determined. PHEVs have gained interest over the past decade for several reasons, including their high fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits and reduced use of imported petroleum, potentially contributing to President Bush's goal of a 20% reduction in gasoline use in ten years, or 'Twenty in Ten'. PHEVs and energy storage from advanced batteries have also been suggested as enabling technologies to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electric power grid. However, PHEVs will likely cost significantly more to purchase than conventional or other hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), in large part because of the cost of batteries. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major

  5. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikes, Karen; Hadley, Stanton W; McGill, Ralph N; Cleary, Timothy

    2010-07-01

    PHEVs have been the subject of growing interest in recent years because of their potential for reduced operating costs, oil displacement, national security, and environmental benefits. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The study Objectives are: (1) To identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome the initial price premium relative to comparable ICEs and HEVs and (2) to assess other non-monetary benefits and barriers associated with an emerging PHEV fleet, including environmental, societal, and grid impacts. Study results indicate that a single PHEV-30 on the road in 2030 will: (1) Consume 65% and 75% less gasoline than a comparable HEV and ICE, respectively; (2) Displace 7.25 and 4.25 barrels of imported oil each year if substituted for equivalent ICEs and HEVs, respectively, assuming 60% of the nation's oil consumed is imported; (3) Reduce net ownership cost over 10 years by 8-10% relative to a comparable ICE and be highly cost competitive with a comparable HEV; (4) Use 18-22% less total W2W energy than a comparable ICE, but 8-13% more than a comparable HEV (assuming a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030); and (5) Emit 10% less W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in southern California and emits 13% more W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in the ECAR region. This also assumes a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030. PHEVs and other plug-in vehicles on the road in 2030 may offer many valuable benefits to utilities, business owners, individual consumers, and society as a whole by: (1) Promoting national energy security by displacing large volumes of imported oil; (2) Supporting a secure economy through the expansion of domestic vehicle and component manufacturing; (3) Offsetting the vehicle's initial price premium with lifetime operating cost savings (e.g., lower fuel and maintenance

  6. How Much Energy does Your TV Set Use?

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Do you know how much energy your TV set uses? If it uses a lot of energy, do you do anything to minimize its energy usage such as using a power strip?

  7. Costs and Emissions Associated with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging in the Xcel Energy Colorado Service Territory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parks, K.; Denholm, P.; Markel, T.

    2007-05-01

    The combination of high oil costs, concerns about oil security and availability, and air quality issues related to vehicle emissions are driving interest in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). PHEVs are similar to conventional hybrid electric vehicles, but feature a larger battery and plug-in charger that allows electricity from the grid to replace a portion of the petroleum-fueled drive energy. PHEVs may derive a substantial fraction of their miles from grid-derived electricity, but without the range restrictions of pure battery electric vehicles. As of early 2007, production of PHEVs is essentially limited to demonstration vehicles and prototypes. However, the technology has received considerable attention from the media, national security interests, environmental organizations, and the electric power industry. The use of PHEVs would represent a significant potential shift in the use of electricity and the operation of electric power systems. Electrification of the transportation sector could increase generation capacity and transmission and distribution (T&D) requirements, especially if vehicles are charged during periods of high demand. This study is designed to evaluate several of these PHEV-charging impacts on utility system operations within the Xcel Energy Colorado service territory.

  8. Demonstration of AT&T's U-verse® TV Service | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Demonstration of AT&T's U-verse TV Service Demonstration of AT&T's U-verse TV Service This memorandum summarizes a meeting held with Department of Energy officials at AT&T's ...

  9. Evaluation of Utility System Impacts and Benefits of Optimally Dispatched Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Short, W.

    2006-10-01

    Hybrid electric vehicles with the capability of being recharged from the grid may provide a significant decrease in oil consumption. These ''plug-in'' hybrids (PHEVs) will affect utility operations, adding additional electricity demand. Because many individual vehicles may be charged in the extended overnight period, and because the cost of wireless communication has decreased, there is a unique opportunity for utilities to directly control the charging of these vehicles at the precise times when normal electricity demand is at a minimum. This report evaluates the effects of optimal PHEV charging, under the assumption that utilities will indirectly or directly control when charging takes place, providing consumers with the absolute lowest cost of driving energy. By using low-cost off-peak electricity, PHEVs owners could purchase the drive energy equivalent to a gallon of gasoline for under 75 cents, assuming current national average residential electricity prices.

  10. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Momber, Ilan; Gomez, Tomás; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Beer, Sebastian; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris; Battaglia, Vincent

    2010-06-01

    It is generally believed that plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) offer environmental and energy security advantages compared to conventional vehicles. Policies are stimulating electric transportation deployment, and PEV adoption may grow significantly. New technology and business models are being developed to organize the PEV interface and their interaction with the wider grid. This paper analyzes the PEVs' integration into a building's Energy Management System (EMS), differentiating between vehicle to macrogrid (V2M) and vehicle to microgrid (V2m) applications. This relationship is modeled by the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), which finds optimal equipment combinations to meet microgrid requirements at minimum cost, carbon footprint, or other criteria. Results derive battery value to the building and the possibility of a contractual affiliation sharing the benefit. Under simple annual fixed payments and energy exchange agreements, vehicles are primarily used to avoid peak demand charges supplying cheaper off-peak electricity to the building during workdays.

  11. Assessment of Charging Infrastructure for Plug-in Electric Vehicles at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island: Task 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schey, Steve; Francfort, Jim

    2015-07-01

    Several U.S. Department of Defense base studies have been conducted to identify potential U.S. Department of Defense transportation systems that are strong candidates for introduction or expansion of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). Task 1 consisted of a survey of the non-tactical fleet of vehicles at NASWI to begin the review of vehicle mission assignments and types of vehicles in service. Task 2 selected vehicles for further monitoring and involved identifying daily operational characteristics of these select vehicles. Data logging of vehicle movements was initiated in order to characterize the vehicle’s mission. The Task 3 Vehicle Utilization report provided the results of the data analysis and observations related to the replacement of current vehicles with PEVs. This report provides an assessment of charging infrastructure required to support the suggested PEV replacements.

  12. Implementation Approach for Plug-in Electric Vehicles at Joint Base Lewis McChord. Task 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schey, Stephen; Francfort, Jim

    2014-12-01

    This study focused on Joint Base Lewis McChord (JBLM), which is located in Washington State. Task 1 consisted of a survey of the non-tactical fleet of vehicles at JBLM to begin the review of vehicle mission assignments and the types of vehicles in service. In Task 2, daily operational characteristics of select vehicles were identified and vehicle movements were recorded in data loggers in order to characterize the vehicles’ missions. In Task 3, the results of the data analysis and observations were provided. Individual observations of the selected vehicles provided the basis for recommendations related to PEV adoption (i.e., whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle [collectively referred to as PEVs] can fulfill the mission requirements0, as well as the basis for recommendations related to placement of PEV charging infrastructure. This report focuses on an implementation plan for the near-term adoption of PEVs into the JBLM fleet.

  13. DOE Announces $22 Million in Funding to Accelerate the Development of Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Use of Other Sustainable Transportation Technologies

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department (DOE) announced $22 million to support research, development, and demonstration of innovative plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) and direct injection propane engine technologies, as well as community-based projects to accelerate the adoption of light, medium, and heavy duty vehicles that operate on fuels such as biodiesel, electricity, E85, hydrogen, natural gas, and propane.

  14. Assessing Energy Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Significance of Daily Distance Variation over Time and Among Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Accurate assessment of the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on petroleum and electricity consumption is a necessary step toward effective policies. Variations in daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) over time and among drivers affect PHEV energy impact, but the significance is not well understood. This paper uses a graphical illustration, a mathematical derivation, and an empirical study to examine the cause and significance of such an effect. The first two methods reveal that ignoring daily variation in VMT always causes underestimation of petroleum consumption and overestimation of electricity consumption by PHEVs; both biases increase as the assumed PHEV charge-depleting (CD) range moves closer to the average daily VMT. The empirical analysis based on national travel survey data shows that the assumption of uniform daily VMT over time and among drivers causes nearly 68% underestimation of expected petroleum use and nearly 48% overestimation of expected electricity use by PHEVs with a 40-mi CD range (PHEV40s). Also for PHEV40s, consideration of daily variation in VMT over time but not among drivers similar to the way the utility factor curve is derived in SAE Standard SAE J2841 causes underestimation of expected petroleum use by more than 24% and overestimation of expected electricity use by about 17%. Underestimation of petroleum use and overestimation of electricity use increase with larger-battery PHEVs.

  15. Impact of Component Sizing in Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles for Energy Resource and Greenhouse Emissions Reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malikopoulos, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    Widespread use of alternative hybrid powertrains currently appears inevitable and many opportunities for substantial progress remain. The necessity for environmentally friendly vehicles, in conjunction with increasing concerns regarding U.S. dependency on foreign oil and climate change, has led to significant investment in enhancing the propulsion portfolio with new technologies. Recently, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have attracted considerable attention due to their potential to reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transportation sector. PHEVs are especially appealing for short daily commutes with excessive stop-and-go driving. However, the high costs associated with their components, and in particular, with their energy storage systems have been significant barriers to extensive market penetration of PEVs. In the research reported here, we investigated the implications of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions in a medium duty PHEV. An optimization framework is proposed and applied to two different parallel powertrain configurations, pre-transmission and post-transmission, to derive the Pareto frontier with respect to motor/generator and battery size. The optimization and modeling approach adopted here facilitates better understanding of the potential benefits from proper selection of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions. This understanding can help us identify the appropriate sizing of these components and thus reducing the PHEV cost. Addressing optimal sizing of PHEV components could aim at an extensive market penetration of PHEVs.

  16. Assessment of Charging Infrastructure for Plug-in Electric Vehicles at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. Task 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schey, Stephen; Francfort, Jim

    2015-11-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy’s advanced vehicle testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (Intertek) to conduct several U.S. Department of Defense-based studies to identify potential U.S. Department of Defense transportation systems that are strong candidates for introduction or expansion of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). Task 1 consisted of a survey of the non-tactical fleet of vehicles at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune to begin the review of vehicle mission assignments and types of vehicles in service. Task 2 selected vehicles for further monitoring and involved identifying daily operational characteristics of these select vehicles. Data logging of vehicle movements was initiated in order to characterize the vehicle’s mission. The Task 3 vehicle utilization report provided results of the data analysis and observations related to the replacement of current vehicles with PEVs. Finally, this report provides an assessment of charging infrastructure required to support the suggested PEV replacements. Intertek acknowledges the support of Idaho National Laboratory, Marine Corps headquarters, and Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune Fleet management and personnel for participation in this study. Intertek is pleased to provide this report and is encouraged by enthusiasm and support from Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune personnel.

  17. Determining PHEV Performance Potential – User and Environmental Influences on A123 Systems’ Hymotion™ Plug-In Conversion Module for the Toyota Prius

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John G. Smart; Huang Iu

    2009-05-01

    A123Systems’s HymotionTM L5 Plug-in Conversion Module (PCM) is a supplemental battery system that converts the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) into a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). The Hymotion system uses a lithium ion battery pack with 4.5 kWh of useable energy capacity and recharges by plugging into a standard 110/120V outlet. The system is designed to more than double the Prius fuel efficiency for 30-50km of charge depleting range. This paper will cover efforts by A123 Systems and the Idaho National Laboratory in studying the on-road performance of this PHEV fleet. The performance potentials of various fleets will be compared in order to determine the major influences on overall performance.

  18. Report on the Field Performance of A123Systems’s HymotionTM Plug-in Conversion Module for the Toyota Prius

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang Iu; John Smart

    2009-04-01

    A123Systems’s HymotionTM L5 Plug-in Conversion Module (PCM) is a supplemental battery system that converts the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) into a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). The Hymotion system uses a lithium ion battery pack with 4.5 kWh of useable energy capacity. It recharges by plugging into a standard 110/120V outlet. The system is designed to more than double the Prius fuel efficiency for 30-40 miles of charge depleting range. If the Hymotion pack is fully depleted, the Prius operates as a normal HEV in charge sustaining mode. The Hymotion L5 PCM is the first commercially available aftermarket product complying with CARB emissions and NHTSA impact standards. Since 2006, over 50 initial production Hymotion Plug-in Conversion Modules have been installed in private fleet vehicles across the United States and Canada. With the help of the Idaho National Laboratory, which conducts the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), A123Systems collects real-time vehicle data from each fleet vehicle using on-board data loggers. These data are analyzed to determine vehicle performance. This paper presents the results of this field evaluation. Data to be presented includes the L5 Prius charge depleting range, gasoline fuel efficiency, and electrical energy efficiency. Effects of driving conditions, driving style, and charging patterns on fuel efficiency are also presented. Data show the Toyota Prius equipped with the Hymotion Plug-in Conversion Module is capable of achieving over 100 mpg in certain driving conditions when operating in charge depleting mode.

  19. U.S. Department of Energy -- Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James E. Francfort; Donald Karner; John G. Smart

    2009-05-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) tests plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in closed track, dynamometer and onroad testing environments. The onroad testing includes the use of dedicated drivers on repeated urban and highway driving cycles that range from 10 to 200 miles, with recharging between each loop. Fleet demonstrations with onboard data collectors are also ongoing with PHEVs operating in several dozen states and Canadian Provinces, during which trips- and miles-per-charge, charging demand and energy profiles, and miles-per-gallon and miles-per-kilowatt-hour fuel use results are all documented, allowing an understanding of fuel use when vehicles are operated in charge depleting, charge sustaining, and mixed charge modes. The intent of the PHEV testing includes documenting the petroleum reduction potential of the PHEV concept, the infrastructure requirements, and operator recharging influences and profiles. As of May 2008, the AVTA has conducted track and dynamometer testing on six PHEV conversion models and fleet testing on 70 PHEVs representing nine PHEV conversion models. A total of 150 PHEVs will be in fleet testing by the end of 2008, all with onboard data loggers. The onroad testing to date has demonstrated 100+ miles per gallon results in mostly urban applications for approximately the first 40 miles of PHEV operations. The primary goal of the AVTA is to provide advanced technology vehicle performance benchmark data for technology modelers, research and development programs, and technology goal setters. The AVTA testing results also assist fleet managers in making informed vehicle purchase, deployment and operating decisions. The AVTA is part of DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Program. These AVTA testing activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation, with Argonne National Laboratory providing dynamometer testing support. The proposed paper

  20. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles : How does one determine their potential for reducing U.S. oil dependence?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vyas, A.; Santini, D.; Duoba, M.; Alexander, M.; Energy Systems; EPRI

    2008-09-01

    Estimation of the potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV's) ability to reduce U.S. gasoline use is difficult and complex. Although techniques have been proposed to estimate the vehicle kilometers of travel (VKT) that can be electrified, these methods may be inadequate and/or inappropriate for early market introduction circumstances. Factors that must be considered with respect to the PHEV itself include (1) kWh battery storage capability; (2) kWh/km depletion rate of the vehicle (3) liters/km use of gasoline (4) average daily kilometers driven (5) annual share of trips exceeding the battery depletion distance (6) driving cycle(s) (7) charger location [i.e. on-board or off-board] (8) charging rate. Each of these factors is actually a variable, and many interact. Off the vehicle, considerations include (a) primary overnight charging spot [garage, carport, parking garage or lot, on street], (b) availability of primary and secondary charging locations [i.e. dwellings, workplaces, stores, etc] (c) time of day electric rates (d) seasonal electric rates (e) types of streets and highways typically traversed during most probable trips depleting battery charge [i.e. city, suburban, rural and high vs. low density]; (f) cumulative trips per day from charger origin (g) top speeds and peak acceleration rates required to make usual trips. Taking into account PHEV design trade-off possibilities (kW vs. kWh of battery, in particular), this paper attempts to extract useful information relating to these topics from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS), and the 2005 American Housing Survey (AHS). Costs per kWh of PHEVs capable of charge depleting (CD) all-electric range (CDE, or AER) vs. those CD in 'blended' mode (CDB) are examined. Lifetime fuel savings of alternative PHEV operating/utilization strategies are compared to battery cost estimates.

  1. U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program: Battery Test Manual For Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jon P. Christophersen

    2014-09-01

    This battery test procedure manual was prepared for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office. It is based on technical targets for commercial viability established for energy storage development projects aimed at meeting system level DOE goals for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). The specific procedures defined in this manual support the performance and life characterization of advanced battery devices under development for PHEV’s. However, it does share some methods described in the previously published battery test manual for power-assist hybrid electric vehicles. Due to the complexity of some of the procedures and supporting analysis, future revisions including some modifications and clarifications of these procedures are expected. As in previous battery and capacitor test manuals, this version of the manual defines testing methods for full-size battery systems, along with provisions for scaling these tests for modules, cells or other subscale level devices. The DOE-United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) supported the development of the manual. Technical Team points of contact responsible for its development and revision are Renata M. Arsenault of Ford Motor Company and Jon P. Christophersen of the Idaho National Laboratory. The development of this manual was funded by the Unites States Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office. Technical direction from DOE was provided by David Howell, Energy Storage R&D Manager and Hybrid Electric Systems Team Leader. Comments and questions regarding the manual should be directed to Jon P. Christophersen at the Idaho National Laboratory (jon.christophersen@inl.gov).

  2. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 1, Methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended, establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently considering amending standards for seven types of products: water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, pool heaters, room air conditioners, kitchen ranges and ovens (including microwave ovens), and fluorescent light ballasts and is considering establishing standards for television sets. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data, and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. This volume presents a general description of the analytic approach, including the structure of the major models.

  3. Fact #843: October 20, 2014 Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales are Two and a Half Times Higher than Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales in the First 45 Months since Market Introduction – Dataset

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #843: Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales are Two and a Half Times Higher than Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales in the First 45 Months since Market Introduction

  4. Fact #843: October 20, 2014 Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales are Two and a Half Times Higher than Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales in the First 45 Months since Market Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The first hybrid electric vehicle was introduced in December 1999 and for the next 45 months (through August 2003) there were a total of 95,778 hybrid vehicles sold. The first mass-marketed plug-in...

  5. Optimizing and Diversifying the Electric Range of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles for U.S. Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong

    2012-01-01

    To provide useful information for automakers to design successful plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) products and for energy and environmental analysts to understand the social impact of PHEVs, this paper addresses the question of how many of the U.S. consumers, if buying a PHEV, would prefer what electric ranges. The Market-oriented Optimal Range for PHEV (MOR-PHEV) model is developed to optimize the PHEV electric range for each of 36,664 sampled individuals representing U.S. new vehicle drivers. The optimization objective is the minimization of the sum of costs on battery, gasoline, electricity and refueling hassle. Assuming no battery subsidy, the empirical results suggest that: 1) the optimal PHEV electric range approximates two thirds of one s typical daily driving distance in the near term, defined as $450/kWh battery delivered price and $4/gallon gasoline price. 2) PHEVs are not ready to directly compete with HEVs at today s situation, defined by the $600/kWh battery delivered price and the $3-$4/gallon gasoline price, but can do so in the near term. 3) PHEV10s will be favored by the market over longer-range PHEVs in the near term, but longer-range PHEVs can dominate the PHEV market if gasoline prices reach as high as $5-$6 per gallon and/or battery delivered prices reach as low as $150-$300/kWh. 4) PHEVs can become much more attractive against HEVs in the near term if the electric range can be extended by only 10% with multiple charges per day, possible with improved charging infrastructure or adapted charging behavior. 5) the impact of a $100/kWh decrease in battery delivered prices on the competiveness of PHEVs against HEVs can be offset by about $1.25/gallon decrease in gasoline prices, or about 7/kWh increase in electricity prices. This also means that the impact of a $1/gallon decrease in gasoline prices can be offset by about 5/kWh decrease in electricity prices.

  6. The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Momber, Ilan; Megel, Olivier; Gomez, Tomás; Marnay, Chris; Beer, Sebastian; Lai, Judy; Battaglia, Vincent

    2010-08-25

    Connection of electric storage technologies to smartgrids or microgrids will have substantial implications for building energy systems. In addition to potentially supplying ancillary services directly to the traditional centralized grid (or macrogrid), local storage will enable demand response. As an economically attractive option, mobile storage devices such as plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) are in direct competition with conventional stationary sources and storage at the building. In general, it is assumed that they can improve the financial as well as environmental attractiveness of renewable and fossil based on-site generation (e.g. PV, fuel cells, or microturbines operating with or without combined heat and power). Also, mobile storage can directly contribute to tariff driven demand response in commercial buildings. In order to examine the impact of mobile storage on building energy costs and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, a microgrid/distributed-energy-resources (DER) adoption problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program with minimization of annual building energy costs applying CO2 taxes/CO2 pricing schemes. The problem is solved for a representative office building in the San Francisco Bay Area in 2020. By using employees' EVs for energy management, the office building can arbitrage its costs. But since the car battery lifetime is reduced, a business model that also reimburses car owners for the degradation will be required. In general, the link between a microgrid and an electric vehicle can create a win-win situation, wherein the microgrid can reduce utility costs by load shifting while the electric vehicle owner receives revenue that partially offsets his/her expensive mobile storage investment. For the California office building with EVs connected under a business model that distributes benefits, it is found that the economic impact is very limited relative to the costs of mobile storage for the site analyzed, i.e. cost reductions from

  7. Security camera resolution measurements: Horizontal TV lines versus modulation transfer function measurements.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birch, Gabriel Carisle; Griffin, John Clark

    2015-01-01

    The horizontal television lines (HTVL) metric has been the primary quantity used by division 6000 related to camera resolution for high consequence security systems. This document shows HTVL measurements are fundamen- tally insufficient as a metric to determine camera resolution, and propose a quantitative, standards based methodology by measuring the camera system modulation transfer function (MTF), the most common and accepted metric of res- olution in the optical science community. Because HTVL calculations are easily misinterpreted or poorly defined, we present several scenarios in which HTVL is frequently reported, and discuss their problems. The MTF metric is discussed, and scenarios are presented with calculations showing the application of such a metric.

  8. Well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions analysis of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elgowainy, A.; Burnham, A.; Wang, M.; Molburg, J.; Rousseau, A.; Energy Systems

    2009-03-31

    Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory expanded the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model and incorporated the fuel economy and electricity use of alternative fuel/vehicle systems simulated by the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) to conduct a well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The WTW results were separately calculated for the blended charge-depleting (CD) and charge-sustaining (CS) modes of PHEV operation and then combined by using a weighting factor that represented the CD vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT) share. As indicated by PSAT simulations of the CD operation, grid electricity accounted for a share of the vehicle's total energy use, ranging from 6% for a PHEV 10 to 24% for a PHEV 40, based on CD VMT shares of 23% and 63%, respectively. In addition to the PHEV's fuel economy and type of on-board fuel, the marginal electricity generation mix used to charge the vehicle impacted the WTW results, especially GHG emissions. Three North American Electric Reliability Corporation regions (4, 6, and 13) were selected for this analysis, because they encompassed large metropolitan areas (Illinois, New York, and California, respectively) and provided a significant variation of marginal generation mixes. The WTW results were also reported for the U.S. generation mix and renewable electricity to examine cases of average and clean mixes, respectively. For an all-electric range (AER) between 10 mi and 40 mi, PHEVs that employed petroleum fuels (gasoline and diesel), a blend of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline (E85), and hydrogen were shown to offer a 40-60%, 70-90%, and more than 90% reduction in petroleum energy use and a 30-60%, 40-80%, and 10-100% reduction in GHG emissions, respectively, relative to an internal combustion engine vehicle that used gasoline. The spread of WTW GHG emissions among the different fuel production

  9. Variability of Battery Wear in Light Duty Plug-In Electric Vehicles Subject to Ambient Temperature, Battery Size, and Consumer Usage: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, E.; Neubauer, J.; Brooker, A. D.; Gonder, J.; Smith, K. A.

    2012-08-01

    Battery wear in plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) is a complex function of ambient temperature, battery size, and disparate usage. Simulations capturing varying ambient temperature profiles, battery sizes, and driving patterns are of great value to battery and vehicle manufacturers. A predictive battery wear model developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory captures the effects of multiple cycling and storage conditions in a representative lithium chemistry. The sensitivity of battery wear rates to ambient conditions, maximum allowable depth-of-discharge, and vehicle miles travelled is explored for two midsize vehicles: a battery electric vehicle (BEV) with a nominal range of 75 mi (121 km) and a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) with a nominal charge-depleting range of 40 mi (64 km). Driving distance distributions represent the variability of vehicle use, both vehicle-to-vehicle and day-to-day. Battery wear over an 8-year period was dominated by ambient conditions for the BEV with capacity fade ranging from 19% to 32% while the PHEV was most sensitive to maximum allowable depth-of-discharge with capacity fade ranging from 16% to 24%. The BEV and PHEV were comparable in terms of petroleum displacement potential after 8 years of service, due to the BEV?s limited utility for accomplishing long trips.

  10. TV picture-tube manufacturer uses regenerative catalytic oxidizer to reduce VOC emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    Toshiba Display Services, a television picture-tube manufacturer in Horseheads, NY, recently was able to meet stringent state regulations to reduce emissions from two of its film applications lines by installing a regenerative catalytic oxidation system. Toshiba officials initially evaluated several technologies to control volatile organic compounds. After deciding that oxidation was the best technology for its facility, the company invited a number of suppliers to submit proposals. Because all of the oxidation technologies considered by Toshiba had the capability to achieve the destruction and removal efficiency requirement, the company combined the second and third decision elements and conducted an in-depth comparison of the initial capital and ongoing operating costs for each proposal. Officials narrowed the field to two systems--the lowest-cost regenerative thermal oxidation system on the market and a regenerative catalytic oxidation system. The company selected St. Louis, Mo.-based Monsanto Enviro-Chem Systems Inc., to install its DynaCycle{reg_sign} regenerative catalytic oxidation system, marking the first Dyna-Cycle installation in a US television picture-tube facility.

  11. Well-to-wheels analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Poch, L.; Wang, M.; Vyas, A.; Mahalik, M.; Rousseau, A.

    2010-06-14

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed for mass production by the automotive industry. PHEVs have been touted for their potential to reduce the US transportation sector's dependence on petroleum and cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by (1) using off-peak excess electric generation capacity and (2) increasing vehicles energy efficiency. A well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis - which examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation - can help researchers better understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies for PHEV recharging, as well as the powertrain technology and fuel sources for PHEVs. For the WTW analysis, Argonne National Laboratory researchers used the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed by Argonne to compare the WTW energy use and GHG emissions associated with various transportation technologies to those associated with PHEVs. Argonne researchers estimated the fuel economy and electricity use of PHEVs and alternative fuel/vehicle systems by using the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) model. They examined two PHEV designs: the power-split configuration and the series configuration. The first is a parallel hybrid configuration in which the engine and the electric motor are connected to a single mechanical transmission that incorporates a power-split device that allows for parallel power paths - mechanical and electrical - from the engine to the wheels, allowing the engine and the electric motor to share the power during acceleration. In the second configuration, the engine powers a generator, which charges a battery that is used by the electric motor to propel the vehicle; thus, the engine never directly powers the vehicle's transmission. The power-split configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 10- and 20-mile electric range because they require frequent use of the engine for acceleration and to provide

  12. U.S. Department of Energys EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge, Mid-Program Review: Employees Plug In (Brochure), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Mid-Program Review: Employees Plug In U.S. Department of Energy's EV Everywhere Workplace 2 Almost three years ago, we kicked off the Workplace Charging Challenge with the goal of having 500 U.S. employers commit to installing workplace plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging and joining the Challenge by 2018. I am pleased to share that with more than 250 participants in the Challenge, we are more than halfway there, and the adoption of workplace charging as a sustainable business practice is

  13. U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program -- Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity -- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Morrow; Donald Darner; James Francfort

    2008-11-01

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are under evaluation by various stake holders to better understand their capability and potential benefits. PHEVs could allow users to significantly improve fuel economy over a standard HEV and in some cases, depending on daily driving requirements and vehicle design, have the ability to eliminate fuel consumption entirely for daily vehicle trips. The cost associated with providing charge infrastructure for PHEVs, along with the additional costs for the on-board power electronics and added battery requirements associated with PHEV technology will be a key factor in the success of PHEVs. This report analyzes the infrastructure requirements for PHEVs in single family residential, multi-family residential and commercial situations. Costs associated with this infrastructure are tabulated, providing an estimate of the infrastructure costs associated with PHEV deployment.

  14. Idaho National Laboratory’s Analysis of ARRA-Funded Plug-in Electric Vehicle and Charging Infrastructure Projects: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francfort, Jim; Bennett, Brion; Carlson, Richard; Garretson, Thomas; Gourley, LauraLee; Karner, Donal; McGuire, Patti; Scoffield, Don; Kirkpatrick, Mindy; Shrik, Matthew; Salisbury, Shawn; Schey, Stephen; Smart, John; White, Sera; Wishard, Jeffery

    2015-09-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Idaho National Laboratory (INL), is the lead laboratory for U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). INL’s conduct of the AVTA resulted in a significant base of knowledge and experience in the area of testing light-duty vehicles that reduced transportation-related petroleum consumption. Due to this experience, INL was tasked by DOE to develop agreements with companies that were the recipients of The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) grants, that would allow INL to collect raw data from light-duty vehicles and charging infrastructure. INL developed non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) with several companies and their partners that resulted in INL being able to receive raw data via server-to-server connections from the partner companies. This raw data allowed INL to independently conduct data quality checks, perform analysis, and report publicly to DOE, partners, and stakeholders, how drivers used both new vehicle technologies and the deployed charging infrastructure. The ultimate goal was not the deployment of vehicles and charging infrastructure, cut rather to create real-world laboratories of vehicles, charging infrastructure and drivers that would aid in the design of future electric drive transportation systems. The five projects that INL collected data from and their partners are: • ChargePoint America - Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Demonstration • Chrysler Ram PHEV Pickup - Vehicle Demonstration • General Motors Chevrolet Volt - Vehicle Demonstration • The EV Project - Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Demonstration • EPRI / Via Motors PHEVs – Vehicle Demonstration The document serves to benchmark the performance science involved the execution, analysis and reporting for the five above projects that provided lessons learned based on driver’s use of the

  15. Real time, TV-based, point-image quantizer and sorter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Case, Arthur L.; Davidson, Jackson B.

    1976-01-01

    A device is provided for improving the vertical resolution in a television-based, two-dimensional readout for radiation detection systems such as are used to determine the location of light or nuclear radiation impinging a target area viewed by a television camera, where it is desired to store the data indicative of the centroid location of such images. In the example embodiment, impinging nuclear radiation detected in the form of a scintillation occurring in a crystal is stored as a charge image on a television camera tube target. The target is scanned in a raster and the image position is stored according to a corresponding vertical scan number and horizontal position number along the scan. To determine the centroid location of an image that may overlap a number of horizontal scan lines along the vertical axis of the raster, digital logic circuits are provided with at least four series-connected shift registers, each having 512 bit positions according to a selected 512 horizontal increment of resolutions along a scan line. The registers are shifted by clock pulses at a rate of 512 pulses per scan line. When an image or portion thereof is detected along a scan, its horizontal center location is determined and the present front bit is set in the first shift register and shifted through the registers one at a time for each horizontal scan. Each register is compared bit-by-bit with the preceding register to detect coincident set bit positions until the last scan line detecting a portion of the image is determined. Depending on the number of shift registers through which the first detection of the image is shifted, circuitry is provided to store the vertical center position of the event according to the number of shift registers through which the first detection of the event is shifted. Interpolation circuitry is provided to determine if the event centroid is between adjacent scan lines and stored in a vertical address accordingly. The horizontal location of the event

  16. Development of Production-Intent Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Using Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery Packs with Deployment to a Demonstration Fleet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    No, author

    2013-09-29

    The primary goal of this project was to speed the development of one of the first commercially available, OEM-produced plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV). The performance of the PHEV was expected to double the fuel economy of the conventional hybrid version. This vehicle program incorporated a number of advanced technologies, including advanced lithium-ion battery packs and an E85-capable flex-fuel engine. The project developed, fully integrated, and validated plug-in specific systems and controls by using GM’s Global Vehicle Development Process (GVDP) for production vehicles. Engineering Development related activities included the build of mule vehicles and integration vehicles for Phases I & II of the project. Performance data for these vehicles was shared with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The deployment of many of these vehicles was restricted to internal use at GM sites or restricted to assigned GM drivers. Phase III of the project captured the first half or Alpha phase of the Engineering tasks for the development of a new thermal management design for a second generation battery module. The project spanned five years. It included six on-site technical reviews with representatives from the DOE. One unique aspect of the GM/DOE collaborative project was the involvement of the DOE throughout the OEM vehicle development process. The DOE gained an understanding of how an OEM develops vehicle efficiency and FE performance, while balancing many other vehicle performance attributes to provide customers well balanced and fuel efficient vehicles that are exciting to drive. Many vehicle content and performance trade-offs were encountered throughout the vehicle development process to achieve product cost and performance targets for both the OEM and end customer. The project team completed two sets of PHEV development vehicles with fully integrated PHEV systems. Over 50 development vehicles were built and operated for over 180,000 development miles. The team

  17. Definitions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Definitions Definitions Personal Property Definitions and Acronyms Definitions Acronyms Definitions The definition of personal property includes but it not limited to the following. Accountability - A property management function that involves maintaining an account or record of personal property and personal property transactions from receipt to final disposition. Accountable Personal Property -any property item having an original unit acquisition cost of $10,000 or more, or meeting the

  18. Evaluation of the OSC-TV iterative reconstruction algorithm for cone-beam optical CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matenine, Dmitri Mascolo-Fortin, Julia; Goussard, Yves

    2015-11-15

    Purpose: The present work evaluates an iterative reconstruction approach, namely, the ordered subsets convex (OSC) algorithm with regularization via total variation (TV) minimization in the field of cone-beam optical computed tomography (optical CT). One of the uses of optical CT is gel-based 3D dosimetry for radiation therapy, where it is employed to map dose distributions in radiosensitive gels. Model-based iterative reconstruction may improve optical CT image quality and contribute to a wider use of optical CT in clinical gel dosimetry. Methods: This algorithm was evaluated using experimental data acquired by a cone-beam optical CT system, as well as complementary numerical simulations. A fast GPU implementation of OSC-TV was used to achieve reconstruction times comparable to those of conventional filtered backprojection. Images obtained via OSC-TV were compared with the corresponding filtered backprojections. Spatial resolution and uniformity phantoms were scanned and respective reconstructions were subject to evaluation of the modulation transfer function, image uniformity, and accuracy. The artifacts due to refraction and total signal loss from opaque objects were also studied. Results: The cone-beam optical CT data reconstructions showed that OSC-TV outperforms filtered backprojection in terms of image quality, thanks to a model-based simulation of the photon attenuation process. It was shown to significantly improve the image spatial resolution and reduce image noise. The accuracy of the estimation of linear attenuation coefficients remained similar to that obtained via filtered backprojection. Certain image artifacts due to opaque objects were reduced. Nevertheless, the common artifact due to the gel container walls could not be eliminated. Conclusions: The use of iterative reconstruction improves cone-beam optical CT image quality in many ways. The comparisons between OSC-TV and filtered backprojection presented in this paper demonstrate that OSC-TV can

  19. Definition of Energy Efficiency

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Users Energy Efficiency Page Energy Efficiency Definition Energy Efficiency: Definition Stairs) "Take the Stairs--Be More Energy Efficient" Person A interprets the sign as...

  20. Category:ISGAN Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Shift Factor Definition:Load-Serving Entity Definition:Loading Monitor M Definition:Microgrid Controller Definition:Misoperation N Definition:Native Load Definition:Net Actual...

  1. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Phase 1, Task 3: Technical Requirements and Procedure for Evaluation of One Scenario

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikes, Karen R; Hinds, Shaun; Hadley, Stanton W; McGill, Ralph N; Markel, Lawrence C; Ziegler, Richard E; Smith, David E; Smith, Richard L; Greene, David L; Brooks, Daniel L; Wiegman, Herman; Miller, Nicholas; Marano, Dr. Vincenzo

    2008-07-01

    In Task 2, the project team designed the Phase 1 case study to represent the 'baseline' plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) fleet of 2030 that investigates the effects of seventeen (17) value propositions (see Table 1 for complete list). By creating a 'baseline' scenario, a consistent set of assumptions and model parameters can be established for use in more elaborate Phase 2 case studies. The project team chose southern California as the Phase 1 case study location because the economic, environmental, social, and regulatory conditions are conducive to the advantages of PHEVs. Assuming steady growth of PHEV sales over the next two decades, PHEVs are postulated to comprise approximately 10% of the area's private vehicles (about 1,000,000 vehicles) in 2030. New PHEV models introduced in 2030 are anticipated to contain lithium-ion batteries and be classified by a blended mileage description (e.g., 100 mpg, 150 mpg) that demonstrates a battery size equivalence of a PHEV-30. Task 3 includes the determination of data, models, and analysis procedures required to evaluate the Phase 1 case study scenario. Some existing models have been adapted to accommodate the analysis of the business model and establish relationships between costs and value to the respective consumers. Other data, such as the anticipated California generation mix and southern California drive cycles, have also been gathered for use as inputs. The collection of models that encompasses the technical, economic, and financial aspects of Phase 1 analysis has been chosen and is described in this deliverable. The role of PHEV owners, utilities (distribution systems, generators, independent system operators (ISO), aggregators, or regional transmission operators (RTO)), facility owners, financing institutions, and other third parties are also defined.

  2. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Phase 1, Task 2: Select Value Propositions/Business Model for Further Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikes, Karen R; Markel, Lawrence C; Hadley, Stanton W; Hinds, Shaun

    2008-04-01

    The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Propositions Workshop held in Washington, D.C. in December 2007 served as the Task 1 Milestone for this study. Feedback from all five Workshop breakout sessions has been documented in a Workshop Summary Report, which can be found at www.sentech.org/phev. In this report, the project team compiled and presented a comprehensive list of potential value propositions that would later serve as a 'grab bag' of business model components in Task 2. After convening with the Guidance and Evaluation Committee and other PHEV stakeholders during the Workshop, several improvements to the technical approach were identified and incorporated into the project plan to present a more realistic and accurate case study and evaluation. The assumptions and modifications that will have the greatest impact on the case study selection process in Task 2 are described in more detail in this deliverable. The objective of Task 2 is to identify the combination of value propositions that is believed to be achievable by 2030 and collectively hold promise for a sustainable PHEV market by 2030. This deliverable outlines what the project team (with input from the Committee) has defined as its primary scenario to be tested in depth for the remainder of Phase 1. Plans for the second and third highest priority/probability business scenarios are also described in this deliverable as proposed follow up case studies in Phase 2. As part of each case study description, the proposed utility system (or subsystem), PHEV market segment, and facilities/buildings are defined.

  3. Plug IN Hybrid Vehicle Bus

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

  4. Category:Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Cooling Definition:Airborne Gravity Survey Definition:Algae Definition:Algae fuel Definition:Alternating current Definition:Alternative-fuel vehicle...

  5. MOSRC Field Definitions 01202016 MOSRC Field Definitions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    MOSRC Field Definitions 01202016 MOSRC Field Definitions 1/5 1/20/2016 Field Name Definition Prime Contract Procurement Instrument Identifier The unique Prime Contractor identifier as it is recorded on the original (or base) contract in FPDS-NG. This must be a valid DOE M&O PIID, as recorded in FPDS-NG. Prime Contract DUNS Number The Prime Contractor's Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) as it is recorded on the prime contract in FPDS-NG. Subcontract DUNS Number The

  6. I. Definition and Scope

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    - Smart Grid RFI Page 2 November 1, 2010 I. Definition and Scope I.1. We invite comment however on whether this [Title XIII] is the best way to define the smart grid. What significant policy challenges are likely to remain unaddressed if we employ Title XIII's definition? If the definition is overly broad, what policy risks emerge as a result? * While Title XIII starts framing the necessary committee's and organizations needed to start outlining the Smart Grid discussion, it is lacking in the

  7. Definition of Radiation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Gamma Radiation and X-Rays Beta Radiation Alpha Radiation Irradiation Radioactive Contamination Definitions Detection Measurement Safety Around Radiation Sources Types of ...

  8. Evaluation Ratings Definitions (Excluding Utilization of Small...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (Excluding Utilization of Small Business) Rating Definition Note Exceptional ... Definitions (Utilization of Small Business) Rating Definition Note Exceptional ...

  9. Genomic definition of species

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crkvenjakov, R.; Drmanac, R.

    1991-07-01

    The subject of this paper is the definition of species based on the assumption that genome is the fundamental level for the origin and maintenance of biological diversity. For this view to be logically consistent it is necessary to assume the existence and operation of the new law which we call genome law. For this reason the genome law is included in the explanation of species phenomenon presented here even if its precise formulation and elaboration are left for the future. The intellectual underpinnings of this definition can be traced to Goldschmidt. We wish to explore some philosophical aspects of the definition of species in terms of the genome. The point of proposing the definition on these grounds is that any real advance in evolutionary theory has to be correct in both its philosophy and its science.

  10. Solution Package Scope Definition

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Solution Package Scope Definition REPORT-72, Salt Waste (SP 72) Rev 1 Developed By: CCP ... A revision to this report may be required if the scope of the remediation activities ...

  11. Test of 3D CT reconstructions by EM + TV algorithm from undersampled data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evseev, Ivan; Ahmann, Francielle; Silva, Hamilton P. da

    2013-05-06

    Computerized tomography (CT) plays an important role in medical imaging for diagnosis and therapy. However, CT imaging is connected with ionization radiation exposure of patients. Therefore, the dose reduction is an essential issue in CT. In 2011, the Expectation Maximization and Total Variation Based Model for CT Reconstruction (EM+TV) was proposed. This method can reconstruct a better image using less CT projections in comparison with the usual filtered back projection (FBP) technique. Thus, it could significantly reduce the overall dose of radiation in CT. This work reports the results of an independent numerical simulation for cone beam CT geometry with alternative virtual phantoms. As in the original report, the 3D CT images of 128 Multiplication-Sign 128 Multiplication-Sign 128 virtual phantoms were reconstructed. It was not possible to implement phantoms with lager dimensions because of the slowness of code execution even by the CORE i7 CPU.

  12. Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment, a particle detector located aboard the International Space Station and funded in part by the Energy Department, recently reported a potential signal, a definite non-definite, of mysterious dark matter.

  13. FOIA Frequently Requested Documents: Definitized Subcontract...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Definitized Subcontract No. ZDO-2-30628-09 FOIA Frequently Requested Documents: Definitized Subcontract No. ZDO-2-30628-09 FOIA Frequently Requested Documents: Definitized ...

  14. Project Definition Rating Index Workbook

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) Workbook is a tool that was developed to support DOE G-413.3-12A, U. S. Department of Energy Project Definition Rating Index Guide for Traditional Nuclear...

  15. PV based systems, with wind, diesel or LPG genset backup, supplying small TV rebroadcast stations in Portugal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramos, H.F.

    1994-12-31

    This paper describes the implementation of a program intended to introduce PV based hybrid power systems to supply electrical power to small size TV rebroadcast stations in Portugal. Reliability is a major concern to this type of application, as well as economical and social constraints, so wind or diesel/LPG genset backup are used. This paper includes a description of the systems behavior, comparison among these topologies and economical viability data from a users viewpoint.

  16. Soot Nanostructure: Definition, Quantification, and Implications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Soot Nanostructure: Definition, Quantification, and Implications Soot Nanostructure: Definition, Quantification, and Implications 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) ...

  17. Biomass Scenario Model Scenario Library: Definitions, Construction...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Definitions, Construction, and Description Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Biomass Scenario Model Scenario Library: Definitions, Construction, and Description ...

  18. Information systems definition architecture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calapristi, A.J.

    1996-06-20

    The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Information Systems Definition architecture evaluated information Management (IM) processes in several key organizations. The intent of the study is to identify improvements in TWRS IM processes that will enable better support to the TWRS mission, and accommodate changes in TWRS business environment. The ultimate goals of the study are to reduce IM costs, Manage the configuration of TWRS IM elements, and improve IM-related process performance.

  19. Notes and Definitions

    Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report

    Notes and Definitions This report tracks U.S. natural gas inventories held in underground storage facilities. The weekly stocks generally are the volumes of working gas as of the report date. The "net change" in reported stock levels reflects all events affecting working gas in storage, including injections, withdrawals, and reclassifications between base and working gas. The "implied flow" estimate represents movements of working natural gas into or out of underground

  20. Dueco Plug-In Hybrid Engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillip Eidler

    2011-09-30

    Dueco, a final stage manufacture of utility trucks, was awarded a congressionally directed cost shared contract to develop, test, validate, and deploy several PHEV utility trucks. Odyne will be the primary subcontractor responsible for all aspects of the hybrid system including its design and installation on a truck chassis. Key objectives in this program include developing a better understanding of the storage device and system capability; improve aspects of the existing design, optimization of system and power train components, and prototype evaluation. This two year project will culminate in the delivery of at least five vehicles for field evaluation.

  1. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Outreach

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    have experience implementing workplace charging programs and can provide knowledge and lessons learned. The Workplace Charging Challenge Partner Map lists worksites across the...

  2. Category:Smart Grid Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Grant Program M Definition:Meter Data Analysis System Definition:Microgrid Controller M cont. Definition:Mode Meter R Definition:Remote Fault Indicators...

  3. EIAs Proposed Definitions for Natural Gas Liquids

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Definitions for Natural Gas Liquids 1 June 14, 2013 EIA's Proposed Definitions for Natural Gas Liquids Term Current Definition Proposed Definition Note Lease condensate Condensate ...

  4. Sociocultural definitions of risk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.

    1990-10-01

    Public constituencies frequently are criticized by technical experts as being irrational in response to low-probability risks. This presentation argued that most people are concerned with a variety of risk attributes other than probability and that is rather irrational to exclude these from the definition and analysis of technological risk. Risk communication, which is at the heart of the right-to-know concept, is described as the creation of shared meaning rather than the mere transmission of information. A case study of utilities, public utility commissions, and public interest groups illustrates how the diversity of institutional cultures in modern society leads to problems for the creation of shared meanings in establishing trust, distributing liability, and obtaining consent to risk. This holistic approach to risk analysis is most appropriate under conditions of high uncertainty and/or decision stakes. 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  5. Televised remote control system of a continuous mining machine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lansberry, J.B.

    1981-08-04

    A method of recovering particulate material from a seam of such material within the earth bounded above and below by different material which comprises the steps of positioning in mining relation to the seam a continuous mining machine having a power driven mechanism thereon for moving the machine through successive seam material cutting cycles which include an advancing movement along a mined entry within the seam in a direction toward the working face of the seam; illuminating portions of the space surrounding the continuous mining machine including portions of the working face disposed forwardly thereof and adjacent portions of the roof, floor and side walls of the mined entry rearwardly of the working face; establishing electromagnetic signals indicative of the appearance of the illuminated portions of the working face of the seam and the adjacent portions of the roof, floor and side walls; transmitting the established electromagnetic signals to a remote control station; converting at the remote control station the transmitted electromagnetic signals to a continuous picture of the appearance of at least a selected portion of the illuminated portions of the working face of the seam and the adjacent portions of the roof, floor and side walls; and controlling from the remote control station the cutting cycle of the continuous mining machine so that the material cut during a cycle is cut from the seam up to the different material defining the roof and down to the different material defining the floor based upon visually distinguishing between the material of the seam and the different material which forms the roof and floor by viewing the continuous picture provided at the remote control station and apparatus for carrying out the method.

  6. DOE Publishes Final Rule for Television Test Procedure | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOE Publishes Final Rule for Plumbing Products Test Procedures DOE Publishes Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Regarding the Compliance Date for the Dehumidifier Test Procedure...

  7. Digital Television and Media Innovations | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Digital Strategy Digital Strategy May 27, 2015 - 10:21am Addthis Implementing the Federal Digital Strategy Implementing the Federal Digital Strategy Alex Cohen Alex Cohen Former Senior Digital Information Strategist Atiq Warraich Atiq Warraich Technical Lead/Project Manager New expectations require the Federal Government to be ready to deliver and receive digital information and services anytime, anywhere and on any device. It must do so safely, securely, and with fewer resources. To build for

  8. Energy Intensity Indicators: Terminology and Definitions

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Intensity Indicators website uses the following terms with their associated definitions. The terms related to various definitions of energy are discussed first.

  9. Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Definition Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Book: Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Abstract No abstract prepared. Authors Jay S....

  10. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    LNG Storage Additions & Withdrawals Definitions Key Terms Definition Liquefied Natural Gas Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to ...

  11. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Preliminary Crude Imports by Country of Origin Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A ... Imports Receipts of crude oil and petroleum products into the 50 States and the District ...

  12. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Underground Storage - All Operators Definitions Key Terms Definition AGA Eastern Consuming Region All States east of the Mississippi River less Mississippi and Alabama, plus Iowa,...

  13. Industry Terms and Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Terms and Definitions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Industry Terms and Definitions Author Liberty Pioneer educational materials...

  14. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Futures Prices Definitions Key Terms Definition Contract 1 A futures contract specifying the earliest delivery date. Natural gas contracts expire three business days prior to the ...

  15. Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

  16. High-quality permanent draft genome sequence of Bradyrhizobium sp. Tv2a.2, a microsymbiont of Tachigali versicolor discovered in Barro Colorado Island of Panama

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Tian, Rui; Parker, Matthew; Seshadri, Rekha; Reddy, TBK; Markowitz, Victor; Ivanova, Natalia; Pati, Amrita; Woyke, Tanja; Baeshen, Mohammed N.; Baeshen, Nabih A.; et al

    2015-05-17

    Bradyrhizobiumsp. Tv2a.2 is an aerobic, motile, Gram-negative, non-spore-forming rod that was isolated from an effective nitrogen-fixing root nodule of Tachigali versicolor collected in Barro Colorado Island of Panama. Here we describe the features of Bradyrhizobiumsp. Tv2a.2, together with high-quality permanent draft genome sequence information and annotation. The 8,496,279 bp high-quality draft genome is arranged in 87 scaffolds of 87 contigs, contains 8,109 protein-coding genes and 72 RNA-only encoding genes. In conclusion, this rhizobial genome was sequenced as part of the DOE Joint Genome Institute 2010 Genomic Encyclopedia for Bacteria and Archaea-Root Nodule Bacteria (GEBA-RNB) project.

  17. Definition of GPRA08 benefits metrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    Background information for the FY 2007 GPRA methodology review on the definitions of GPRA08 benefits metrics.

  18. Definitions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    has one ACH, it means that all of the air in the house will be replaced in one hour. air pollution See pollutant. airshed A geographically isolated volume of air, usually...

  19. Throwing a Lifeline to Scientists Drowning in Data

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    petabytes in size. A of data is equivalent to the storage consumed by 13.3 years of high-definition television. Geographically correct map of the London Underground. Topological...

  20. Definition and Policy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Definition and Policy Definition and Policy Definition Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people-regardless of race, ethnicity, income, or education level-in environmental decision making. Environmental justice programs promote the protection of human health and the environment, empowerment via public participation, and the dissemination of relevant information to inform and educate affected communities. DOE environmental justice programs are designed

  1. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Coalbed Methane Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Coalbed Methane Methane is generated during coal formation and is contained in the coal microstructure. Typical recovery entails pumping water out of the coal to allow the gas to escape. Methane is the principal component of natural gas. Coalbed methane can be added to natural gas pipelines without any special treatment. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Energy Information Administration,

  2. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Shale Gas Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Shale Gas Natural gas produced from organic (black) shale formations. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas Explanatory Notes Shale Gas production data collected in conjunction with proved reserves data on Form EIA-23 are unofficial. Official Shale Gas production data from Form EIA-895 can be found in Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and

  3. Template:Definition | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    and spins the blades of a turbine, which, when connected to a generator, generates electricity. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle List of existing terms:...

  4. 2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions and Assumptions This 13-page document defines key terms and details assumptions and references used in the Manufacturing ...

  5. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of ... propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content. ...

  6. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. ... For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Energy ...

  7. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees...

  8. Cal. PRC Section 21065 - Environmental Quality Definitions |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. PRC Section 21065 - Environmental Quality DefinitionsLegal Abstract Contains...

  9. Zero Energy Building Policies and Definitions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... to balance site energy usage with PV - Calculated with national average conversion factors * Recognizes that the focus of ZEB definitions is on the building, not the energy ...

  10. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... as base gasolines for other oxygenated blends (commonly referred to as the "Sun" waiver). ... For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Energy ...

  11. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... as base gasolines for other oxygenated blends (commonly referred to as the "Sun" waiver). ... For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Crude ...

  12. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... as base gasolines for other oxygenated blends (commonly referred to as the "Sun" waiver). ... For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources ...

  13. 2014 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Definitions and Assumptions A number of key terms are used to interpret the manufacturing energy and carbon footprints. The terms associated with the energy footprint analysis are ...

  14. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Key Terms Definition Alaskan in Transit Alaskan crude oil stocks in transit by water ... content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with ...

  15. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Key Terms Definition Hydrogen The lightest of all gases, occurring chiefly in combination with oxygen in water; exists also in acids, bases, alcohols, petroleum, and other ...

  16. Fusion Simulation Program Definition. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cary, John R.

    2012-09-05

    We have completed our contributions to the Fusion Simulation Program Definition Project. Our contributions were in the overall planning with concentration in the definition of the area of Software Integration and Support. We contributed to the planning of multiple meetings, and we contributed to multiple planning documents.

  17. Title 40 CFR 230 Definitions - Clean Water Act | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    RegulationRegulation: Title 40 CFR 230 Definitions - Clean Water ActLegal Abstract Sets forth regulatory definitions under the Clean Water Act including the definition of waters of...

  18. System Definition and Analysis: Power Plant Design and Layout...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    System Definition and Analysis: Power Plant Design and Layout Citation Details In-Document Search Title: System Definition and Analysis: Power Plant Design and Layout You are ...

  19. Solution Package Scope Definition, Report 72, Salt Waste (SP...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Solution Package Scope Definition, Report 72, Salt Waste (SP 72) Solution Package Scope Definition, Report 72, Salt Waste (SP 72) This document was used to determine facts and ...

  20. Title 30 USC 1001 Geothermal Resources Definitions | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    DefinitionsLegal Abstract Section 1001 - Definitions under Title 30: Mineral Lands and Mining, Chapter 23: Geothermal Resources of the United States Code, last amended August 8,...

  1. FOIA Frequently Requested Documents: Definitized Subcontract No.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ZDO-2-30628-09 | Department of Energy Definitized Subcontract No. ZDO-2-30628-09 FOIA Frequently Requested Documents: Definitized Subcontract No. ZDO-2-30628-09 FOIA Frequently Requested Documents: Definitized Subcontract No. ZDO-2-30628-09. Subcontract between Midwest Research Institute National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Evergreen Solar, Inc. Part 1 of 11 (9.85 MB) Part 2 of 11 (9.9 MB) Part 3 of 11 (9.86 MB) Part 4 of 11 (9.92 MB) Part 5 of 11 (9.89 MB) Part 6 of 11 (9.89 MB) Part 7

  2. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources 1973-1978: Federal Energy Administration, Form FEA-F701-M-0, "Transfer Pricing Report." ...

  3. DOE Seeks Comment on Definition of Showerhead

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Today the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published in the Federal Register an interpretive rule that sets out the Department's views on the definition of "showerhead" in 10 CFR 430.2. The...

  4. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous alcohol (ethanol with less than 1% water) intended for gasoline blending as ...

  5. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Key Terms Definition Alaskan in Transit Alaskan crude oil stocks in transit by water ... Crude oil that is in-transit by water from Alaska, or that is stored on Federal leases or ...

  6. Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

    2009-11-01

    This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

  7. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Definitions

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Definitions Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Definitions The regions defined in the above map are based upon the 10 Federal Regions of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State groupings are as follows: Northeast Region - Federal Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region 2: New Jersey, and New York. Federal Region 3:Delaware, District of

  8. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Prices Definitions Key Terms Definition Citygate A point or measuring station at which a distributing gas utility receives gas from a natural gas pipeline company or transmission system. Commercial Price The price of gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services such as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; and gas used by local, State and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing

  9. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Distillate by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Sales for all other energy-consuming sectors not included elsewhere. Commercial An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of nonmanufacturing businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. Common uses of energy associated with this

  10. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Distillate by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition Adjusted Sales Distillate fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the PADD district level to equal published EIA volume estimates of petroleum products supplied in the U.S. marketplace. The kerosene and residual fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the national level. The products supplied estimates can be found in the Petroleum Supply Annual for the appropriate year. In addition, electric power generation data and

  11. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Residual Fuel Oil by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition Adjusted Sales Distillate fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the PADD district level to equal published EIA volume estimates of petroleum products supplied in the U.S. marketplace. The kerosene and residual fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the national level. The products supplied estimates can be found in the Petroleum Supply Annual for the appropriate year. In addition, electric power generation data and

  12. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Footage Drilled for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being

  13. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The

  14. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Pipeline Between PADDs Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock.

  15. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Rail between PAD Districts Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well

  16. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Rail Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in

  17. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Imports & Exports Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether),

  18. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but

  19. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Input Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous denatured aliphatic

  20. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol. Conventional Gasoline, Greater than Ed55

  1. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Crude Stream Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas

  2. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, Selected States Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial/Institutional An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of: businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. It also includes sewage treatment facilities. Common uses of energy associated with this

  3. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in

  4. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Crude Stream Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas

  5. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Crude Oil Stocks at Tank Farms & Pipelines Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being

  6. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Terminal A facility used primarily for the storage and/or marketing of petroleum products which has a total bulk storage capacity of 50,000 barrels or more and/or receives petroleum products by tanker, barge, or pipeline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate

  7. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed Definitions Key Terms Definition British Thermal Unit (Btu) The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of liquid water by 1 degree Fahrenheit at the temperature at which water has its greatest density (approximately 39 degrees Fahrenheit). Delivered to Consumers (Heat Content) Heat content of residential, commercial, industrial, vehicle fuel and electric power deliveries to consumers. Electric Power (Heat Content) Heat content of

  8. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Number of Consumers Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Industrial Consumption Natural gas used for heat, power, or chemical feedstock by manufacturing establishments or

  9. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    State Shares of U.S. Deliveries Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Delivered (Gas) The physical transfer of natural, synthetic, and/or supplemental gas from facilities

  10. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Consumption by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Distribution Use Natural gas used as fuel in the respondent's operations. Electric Power Consumption Gas used

  11. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Associated-Dissolved Proved Reserves, Wet Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in

  12. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields -

  13. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields -

  14. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being

  15. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Drilling Activity Definitions Key Terms Definition Active Well Service Rig Count The number of rigs doing true workovers (where tubing is pulled from the well), or doing rod string and pump repair operations, and that are, on average, crewed and working every day of the month. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the

  16. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields -

  17. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields

  18. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Nonassociated Proved Reserves, Wet Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old

  19. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Liquids Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report

  20. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Plant Liquids Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Natural Gas Liquids Those hydrocarbons in natural gas which are separated from the gas through the processes of absorption, condensation, adsorption, or other methods in gas processing or cycling plants. Generally such liquids consist of propane and heavier hydrocarbons and are commonly referred to as condensate, natural gasoline, or liquefied petroleum gases. Where hydrocarbon components lighter than propane are recovered as

  1. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Proved Nonproducing Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Associated Dissolved Gas The combined volume of natural gas which occurs in crude oil reservoirs either as free gas (associated) or as gas in solution with crude oil (dissolved). Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in the liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Crude oil may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons

  2. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Maximum U.S. Active Seismic Crew Counts Definitions Key Terms Definition Dimensions In two-dimensional (2D) reflection seismic surveying both the sound source and the sound detectors (numbering up to a hundred or more per shot) are moved along a straight line. The resultant product can be thought of as a vertical sonic cross-section of the subsurface beneath the survey line. It is constructed by summing many compressional (pressure) wave reflections from the various sound source and sound

  3. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Shale Gas Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields -

  4. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields

  5. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Average Depth of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being

  6. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Exploratory and Development Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil

  7. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Footage Drilled for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being

  8. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Country Definitions Key Terms Definition Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one

  9. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Country Definitions Key Terms Definition Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one

  10. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    International & Interstate Movements by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Deliveries The physical transfer of natural, synthetic, and/or supplemental gas from facilities operated by the responding company to facilities operated by others or to consumers. Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture

  11. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Point of Exit Definitions Key Terms Definition Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from

  12. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Imports & Exports by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment

  13. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Residential and Commercial Prices by Local Distributors & Marketers Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Price The price of gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services such as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; and gas used by local, State and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Local Distribution Company (LDC) A legal entity engaged primarily in the retail

  14. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered

  15. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Lease Condensate Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Lease Condensate A mixture consisting primarily of pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons which is recovered as a liquid from natural gas in lease separation facilities. This category excludes natural gas plant liquids, such as butane and propane, which are recovered at downstream natural gas processing plants or facilities. Production, Lease Condensate The volume of lease condensate produced during the report year. Lease condensate volumes

  16. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Natural Gas Liquids Those hydrocarbons in natural gas which are separated from the gas through the processes of absorption, condensation, adsorption, or other methods in gas processing or cycling plants. Generally such liquids consist of propane and heavier hydrocarbons and are commonly referred to as condensate, natural gasoline, or liquefied petroleum gases. Where hydrocarbon components lighter than propane are recovered as

  17. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Offshore Gross Withdrawals Definitions Key Terms Definition Gas Well A well completed for the production of natural gas from one or more gas zones or reservoirs. Such wells contain no completions for the production of crude oil. Gross Withdrawals Full well-stream volume, including all natural gas plant liquids and all nonhydrocarbon gases, but excluding lease condensate. Also includes amounts delivered as royalty payments or consumed in field operations. Offshore Located in either State or

  18. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Plant Processing Definitions Key Terms Definition Extraction Loss The reduction in volume of natural gas due to the removal of natural gas liquid constituents such as ethane, propane, and butane at natural gas processing plants. Natural Gas Processed Natural gas that has gone through a processing plant. Natural Gas Processing Plant A facility designed to recover natural gas liquids from a stream of natural gas which may or may not have passed through lease separators and/or field separation

  19. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Supplemental Supplies Definitions Key Terms Definition Biomass Gas A medium Btu gas containing methane and carbon dioxide, resulting from the action of microorganisms on organic materials such as a landfill. Blast-furnace Gas The waste combustible gas generated in a blast furnace when iron ore is being reduced with coke to metallic iron. It is commonly used as a fuel within steel works. British Thermal Unit (Btu) The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of liquid water

  20. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Wellhead Value & Marketed Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Marketed Production Gross withdrawals less gas used for repressuring, quantities vented and flared, and nonhydrocarbon gases removed in treating or processing operations. Includes all quantities of gas used in field and processing plant operations. Production The volume of natural gas withdrawn from reservoirs less (1) the volume returned to such reservoirs in cycling, repressuring of oil reservoirs, and conservation

  1. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Capacity Definitions Key Terms Definition Aquifer Storage Field A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas, consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Depleted Reservoir Storage Field A sub-surface natural geological reservoir, usually a depleted gas or oil field, used for storing natural gas. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. Salt Dome Storage Field (Salt Cavern) A storage facility that is a cavern hollowed out

  2. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Annual Supply & Disposition by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Balancing Item Represents the difference between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences maybe due to quantities lost or to the effects of data reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature

  3. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    U.S. Monthly Supply & Disposition Definitions Key Terms Definition Balancing Item Represents the difference between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences maybe due to quantities lost or to the effects of data reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature

  4. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Definitions and Assumptions, October 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Definitions of parameters and table of assumptions for the Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint

  5. Clean Cities Coalitions Charge Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles ...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    coalitions nationwide are helping their communities get ready for PEVs by using local knowledge to ensure that both are easily deployed and available to consumers. To support...

  6. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-02-09

    This handbook is designed to answer a consumer's basic questions, as well as point them to additional information they need, to make the best decision about whether an electric-drive vehicle is right for them.

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle Deployment...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... model codes for the construction and electrical equipment installation procedures ... National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) National Electrical Code (NEC) International ...

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Charging Plug-In Electric Vehicles...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... Refer to these resources from the National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST): NIST Handbook 130 Method of Sale for Electrical Energy as Vehicle Fuel Handbook 44 Device ...

  9. Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... PHEV adoption on full fuel-cycle greenhouse gas ... spanning the potential long- term GHG emissions impacts of ... Each generating technology has a bid price for energy ...

  10. Ford Plug-In Project: Bringing PHEVs to Market

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

  11. Light Duty Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Systems Analysis

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C.

  12. NREL: Learning - Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Credit: Keith Wipke Image of the cutaway top view of a passenger vehicle showing the drive train that contains an electric motor and a small internal combustion engine side by side ...

  13. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Fleet Managers (Brochure...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... when their source of electricity comes from nonpolluting resources like wind and sunlight. ... Because PEVs rely in whole or part on electric power, their fuel economy is measured ...

  14. Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    09 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. PDF icon vss02sell...

  15. Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting PDF icon vss018cesiel2012...

  16. Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. PDF icon vss018cesiel2010...

  17. Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation PDF icon vss018cesiel2011...

  18. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Facilities Publications News Research Advanced Combustion Advanced Materials and Manufacturing Advanced Vehicle Technologies Buildings and Climate-Environment Education...

  19. Plug-in Hybrid Battery Development | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    es05ashtiani.pdf (1.06 MB) More Documents & Publications USABC PHEV Battery Development Project USABC HEV and PHEV Programs Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ...

  20. Q&A: Plugging In with a Power Lineman

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Power lineman are integral in keeping the lights on. Here's a Q&A with a third-generation power lineman.

  1. Ford Plug-In Project: Bringing PHEVs to Market

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

  2. Ford Plug-In Project: Bringing PHEVs to Market

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C.

  3. Ford Plug-In Project: Bringing PHEVs to Market

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  4. Plug In Hybrid Development Consortium | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hybrid Development Consortium Sector: Vehicles Product: US-based consortium of automotive suppliers, manufacturers and other organizations working together to accelerate the...

  5. Wireless Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation vss061miller2011o.pdf (760.91 KB

  6. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Integration with Renewables | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review ... Grand Challenge Road to Success Codes and Standards to Support Vehicle Electrification

  7. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-02-01

    This handbook is designed to answer a consumer's basic questions, as well as point them to additional information they need, to make the best decision about whether an electric-drive vehicle is right for them.

  8. Wireless Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting vss061miller2012o.pdf (2.99 MB

  9. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Spanish Version) (Brochure...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... hbridos y enchufables del AFDC (afdc.energy.govvehicleselectric maintenance.html). ... en el AFDC en afdc.energy.govvehicleselectric.html. til del vehculo, es muy ...

  10. Ford Plug-In Project: Bringing PHEVs to Market

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  11. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle Readiness...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    option that has the potential to benefit a community's economy, energy security, and environment. As local and regional leaders know, PEV readiness is a community-wide effort,...

  12. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Fast Charge Station Operational Analysis...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium ... Proper integration of a solar array and stationary battery ... a viable alternative to petroleum-fueled automobiles ...

  13. Maximizing the Benefits of Plug-in Electric Vehicles - Continuum...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    In fact, most usage scenarios show that PEVs may actually benefit the utility grid." A photo of two electric vehicles in a research facility. Electric vehicle charging stations in ...

  14. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers (Brochure), Clean...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... General Motors estimates the annual energy use of the Chevy Volt will be 2,520 kWh, which is less than that required for a typical water heater or central air conditioning. As an ...

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Charging Plug-In Electric Vehicles...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... General Motors estimates the annual energy use of the Chevy Volt is about 2,520 kilowatt-hours, which is less than that required for a typical water heater or central air ...

  16. Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Clean Cities...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... meet testing standards that subject bat- teries to conditions such as overcharge, vibration, extreme temperatures, short circuit, humidity, fire, collision, and water immersion. ...

  17. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Workplace Charging Hosts...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... Proximity to Utility Service Panel 3 . Standing WaterFlood Issues 4 . Safety and ... * Pooled water and irrigation: Most EVSE is designed to operate safely in wet areas. ...

  18. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Fleet Managers (Brochure...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... Contractor Considerations 1. Proximity to Utility Service Panel 2. Standing WaterFlood ... climates. * Pooled Water and Irrigation: EVSE is designed to operate safely in wet areas. ...

  19. Protecting Public Health: Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging and...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... events, vector-borne diseases (such as malaria, West Nile fever or Lyme disease), water-related illness, and impacts food safety, nutrition, and distribution and mental health ...

  20. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Plant Field Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butylene (C4H8) An olefinic hydrocarbon recovered from refinery processes. Ethane (C2H6) A normally gaseous straight-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of -127.48º F. It is extracted from natural gas and refinery gas streams. Field Production Represents crude oil production on leases, natural gas liquids production at natural gas processing

  1. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes

  2. UC 54-2 - Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    2 - Definitions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: UC 54-2 - DefinitionsLegal Abstract This section provides...

  3. 49 A.R.S. 201: Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: 49 A.R.S. 201: DefinitionsLegal Abstract This section contains definitions that relate to water...

  4. Montana MCA 77-4-102, Geothermal Resource Definitions | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Montana MCA 77-4-102, Geothermal Resource DefinitionsLegal Abstract Definitions for...

  5. MCA 22-3-421 - Montana Antiquities Definitions | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: MCA 22-3-421 - Montana Antiquities DefinitionsLegal Abstract This is the definitions section for...

  6. Former Worker Program Surveillance Case Definitions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Surveillance Case Definitions Former Worker Program Surveillance Case Definitions February 2011 The surveillance case definitions were developed by a group of occupational medicine physicians that make up the FWP medical task group, to define the occupational medical conditions commonly discovered during the FWP medical screening exam to ensure consistency when reporting such conditions to DOE. Former Worker Program Surveillance Case Definitions (27.08 KB) More Documents & Publications

  7. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Definitions and Assumptions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Definitions and Assumptions, October 2012 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint ... More Documents & Publications Understanding Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints, ...

  8. 2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions and Assumptions

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This 13-page document provides definitions and assumptions used in the Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints (MECS 2010)

  9. SECURITY CORE FUNCTION AND DEFINITION REPORT | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    SECURITY CORE FUNCTION AND DEFINITION REPORT SECURITY CORE FUNCTION AND DEFINITION REPORT The first phase of the Lemnos Interoperable Security Program shall lay the foundation for future work by providing a guiding example of the vocabulary, metrics, interoperability requirements and interoperability assurance methodologies used to create interoperable network security products. From a requirements definition perspective, this translates to: SECURITY CORE FUNCTION AND DEFINITION REPORT (762.57

  10. TV-based conjugate gradient method and discrete L-curve for few-view CT reconstruction of X-ray in vivo data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Xiaoli; Hofmann, Ralf; Dapp, Robin; van de Kamp, Thomas; Rolo, Tomy dos Santos; Xiao, Xianghui; Moosmann, Julian; Kashef, Jubin; Stotzka, Rainer

    2015-01-01

    High-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) imaging of soft tissues requires the solution of two inverse problems: phase retrieval and the reconstruction of the 3D image from a tomographic stack of two-dimensional (2D) projections. The number of projections per stack should be small to accommodate fast tomography of rapid processes and to constrain X-ray radiation dose to optimal levels to either increase the duration of in vivo time-lapse series at a given goal for spatial resolution and/or the conservation of structure under X-ray irradiation. In pursuing the 3D reconstruction problem in the sense of compressive sampling theory, we propose to reduce the number of projections by applying an advanced algebraic technique subject to the minimisation of the total variation (TV) in the reconstructed slice. This problem is formulated in a Lagrangian multiplier fashion with the parameter value determined by appealing to a discrete L-curve in conjunction with a conjugate gradient method. The usefulness of this reconstruction modality is demonstrated for simulated and in vivo data, the latter acquired in parallel-beam imaging experiments using synchrotron radiation. (C) 2015 Optical Society of America

  11. TV-based conjugate gradient method and discrete L-curve for few-view CT reconstruction of X-ray in vivo data

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Yang, Xiaoli; Hofmann, Ralf; Dapp, Robin; van de Kamp, Thomas; Rolo, Tomy dos Santos; Xiao, Xianghui; Moosmann, Julian; Kashef, Jubin; Stotzka, Rainer

    2015-01-01

    High-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) imaging of soft tissues requires the solution of two inverse problems: phase retrieval and the reconstruction of the 3D image from a tomographic stack of two-dimensional (2D) projections. The number of projections per stack should be small to accommodate fast tomography of rapid processes and to constrain X-ray radiation dose to optimal levels to either increase the duration o fin vivo time-lapse series at a given goal for spatial resolution and/or the conservation of structure under X-ray irradiation. In pursuing the 3D reconstruction problem in the sense of compressive sampling theory, we propose to reduce the numbermoreof projections by applying an advanced algebraic technique subject to the minimisation of the total variation (TV) in the reconstructed slice. This problem is formulated in a Lagrangian multiplier fashion with the parameter value determined by appealing to a discrete L-curve in conjunction with a conjugate gradient method. The usefulness of this reconstruction modality is demonstrated for simulated and in vivo data, the latter acquired in parallel-beam imaging experiments using synchrotron radiation.less

  12. Risk Group and Biosafety Level Definitions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Group and Biosafety Level Definitions European Economic Community (DIRECTIVE 93/88/EEC, Oct. 1993) (1) Group 1 biological agent means one that is unlikely to cause human disease; (2) Group 2 biological agent means one that can cause human disease and might be a hazard to workers; it is unlikely to spread to the community; there is usually effective prophylaxis or treatment available; (3) Group 3 biological agent means one that can cause severe human disease and present a serious hazard to

  13. A Common Definition for Zero Energy Buildings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Common Definition for Zero Energy Buildings September 2015 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy by The National Institute of Building Sciences NREL Research Support Facility, photo credit: Bill Gillies, NREL (This page intentionally left blank) Acknowledgements The Project Team would like to thank the Subject Matter Experts who were interviewed during the research phase of the project, as well as the Stakeholders who provided comments during the evaluation phase of the project. They all

  14. Definition and documentation of engineering processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, G.W.

    1997-11-01

    This tutorial is an extract of a two-day workshop developed under the auspices of the Quality Engineering Department at Sandia National Laboratories. The presentation starts with basic definitions and addresses why processes should be defined and documented. It covers three primary topics: (1) process considerations and rationale, (2) approach to defining and documenting engineering processes, and (3) an IDEFO model of the process for defining engineering processes.

  15. On variational definition of quantum entropy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belavkin, Roman V.

    2015-01-13

    Entropy of distribution P can be defined in at least three different ways: 1) as the expectation of the Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence of P from elementary δ-measures (in this case, it is interpreted as expected surprise); 2) as a negative KL-divergence of some reference measure ν from the probability measure P; 3) as the supremum of Shannon’s mutual information taken over all channels such that P is the output probability, in which case it is dual of some transportation problem. In classical (i.e. commutative) probability, all three definitions lead to the same quantity, providing only different interpretations of entropy. In non-commutative (i.e. quantum) probability, however, these definitions are not equivalent. In particular, the third definition, where the supremum is taken over all entanglements of two quantum systems with P being the output state, leads to the quantity that can be twice the von Neumann entropy. It was proposed originally by V. Belavkin and Ohya [1] and called the proper quantum entropy, because it allows one to define quantum conditional entropy that is always non-negative. Here we extend these ideas to define also quantum counterpart of proper cross-entropy and cross-information. We also show inequality for the values of classical and quantum information.

  16. How Do You Reduce the Amount of Energy Used by Your Televisions...

    Energy Savers

    The New EnergySaver.gov -- Save Money by Saving Energy Did you know: Water heaters account for nearly 17 percent of a home's energy use, consuming more energy than all other ...

  17. Notre Dame EFRC featured during nationally televised football half-time

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Services » NEPA Documents » Notices of Availability (NOA) Notices of Availability (NOA) A Notice of Availability (NOA) is a formal notice, published in the Federal Register, that announces the issuance and public availability of a draft or final EIS. The Environmental Protection Agency NOA is the official public notification of an EIS; a DOE NOA is an optional notice used to provide information to the public. If you have any trouble finding a specific document, please contact

  18. U.S. Energy Department, Pay-Television Industry and Energy Efficiency...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Groups Announce Set-Top Box Energy Conservation Agreement; Will Cut Energy Use for 90 ... Groups Announce Set-Top Box Energy Conservation Agreement; Will Cut Energy Use for 90 ...

  19. Watch the Watts: Tips for Buying a New Television | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Energy Waste Treatment Facility Saves Taxpayers Nearly $20 Million Waste Treatment Facility Saves Taxpayers Nearly $20 Million December 11, 2012 - 1:40pm Addthis A new enclosure for processing radioactive casks has put Oak Ridge on a path to finishing cleanup work two years ahead of schedule, saving nearly $20 million. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Environmental Management. A new enclosure for processing radioactive casks has put Oak Ridge on a path to finishing cleanup work two years

  20. 2014 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions and Assumptions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Definitions and Assumptions A number of key terms are used to interpret the manufacturing energy and carbon footprints. The terms associated with the energy footprint analysis are defined below in alphabetical order. Key definitions and assumptions associated with the greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint analysis are shown on pages 12 and 13. Energy Footprint Analysis Definitions CHP/Cogeneration - The production of electrical energy and another form of useful energy (such as heat or steam) through

  1. A Common Definition for Zero Energy Buildings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A Common Definition for Zero Energy Buildings A Common Definition for Zero Energy Buildings Thousands of project teams throughout the country seek to push the envelope and develop zero energy buildings. Generally speaking, a zero energy building produces enough renewable energy to meet its own annual energy consumption requirements, thereby reducing the use of non-renewable energy in the building sector. This definition also applies to campuses, portfolios, and communities. In addition to

  2. Definition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Definition User Facilities User Facilities Home User Facilities at a Glance User Resources User Statistics Policies and Processes Definition Designation Process Official List of SC User Facilities User Statistics Collection Practices Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights User Facility News Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 Policies and Processes Definition Print Text Size: A A A

  3. California PRC Section 21065.5, Definitions for Geothermal Exploratory...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    21065.5, Definitions for Geothermal Exploratory Project Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: California PRC...

  4. Hawaii Revised Statute 523A-2, Definition of Mineral Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Not provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Hawaii Revised Statute 523A-2, Definition of Mineral Resources Citation...

  5. Nevada NRS 704.860, Utility Facility Definition | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Not provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Nevada NRS 704.860, Utility Facility Definition Citation Nevada NRS...

  6. Texas TNRC 141.003, Definitions for Geothermal Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    ResourcesLegal Abstract Definitions for Geothermal Resources effective September 1, 1977, last amended 1979. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1979 Legal Citation Not...

  7. California PRC 25120, Definition for Thermal Powerplant | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    of "Thermal powerplant" as provided in Chapter 2 (Definitions) of Division 15 - Energy Conservation and Development of the California Public Resources Code: "'Thermal...

  8. A Common Definition for Zero Energy Buildings | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    meet its own annual energy consumption requirements, thereby reducing the use of non-renewable energy in the building sector. This definition also applies to campuses, portfolios,...

  9. Oregon - ORS 439.300 - Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Oregon, 2014 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Oregon - ORS 439.300 - Definitions Citation Oregon. 2014. Oregon - ORS...

  10. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Definitions and Assumptions...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Definitions and Assumptions A number of key terms are used to interpret the manufacturing energy and carbon footprints. The terms associated with the energy footprint analysis are ...

  11. Topology-based Feature Definition and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Gunther H.; Bremer, Peer-Timo; Gyulassy, Attila; Pascucci, Valerio

    2010-12-10

    Defining high-level features, detecting them, tracking them and deriving quantities based on them is an integral aspect of modern data analysis and visualization. In combustion simulations, for example, burning regions, which are characterized by high fuel-consumption, are a possible feature of interest. Detecting these regions makes it possible to derive statistics about their size and track them over time. However, features of interest in scientific simulations are extremely varied, making it challenging to develop cross-domain feature definitions. Topology-based techniques offer an extremely flexible means for general feature definitions and have proven useful in a variety of scientific domains. This paper will provide a brief introduction into topological structures like the contour tree and Morse-Smale complex and show how to apply them to define features in different science domains such as combustion. The overall goal is to provide an overview of these powerful techniques and start a discussion how these techniques can aid in the analysis of astrophysical simulations.

  12. Genomic definition of species. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crkvenjakov, R.; Dramanac, R.

    1992-06-01

    A genome is the sum total of the DNA sequences in the cells of an individual organism. The common usage that species possess genomes comes naturally to biochemists, who have shown that all protein and nucleic acid molecules are at the same time species and individual-specific, with minor individual variations being superimposed on a consensus sequence that is constant for a species. By extension, this property is attributed to the common features of DNA in the chromosomes of members of a given species and is called (species) genome. The definition of species based on chromosomes, genes, or genome common to its member organisms has been implied or mentioned in passing numerous times. Some population biologists think that members of species have similar ``homeostatic genotypes,`` which are to a degree resistant to mutation or environmental change in the production of a basic phenotype.

  13. Genomic definition of species. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crkvenjakov, R.; Drmanac, R.

    1993-03-01

    A genome is the sum total of the DNA sequences in the cells of an individual organism. The common usage that species possess genomes comes naturally to biochemists, who have shown that all protein and nucleic acid molecules are at the same time species- and individual-specific, with minor individual variations being superimposed on a consensus sequence that is constant for a species. By extension, this property is attributed to the common features of DNA in the chromosomes of members of a given species and is called species genome. Our proposal for the definition of a biological species is as follows: A species comprises a group of actual and potential biological organisms built according to a unique genome program that is recorded, and at least in part expressed, in the structures of their genomic nucleic acid molecule(s), having intragroup sequence differences which can be fully interconverted in the process of organismal reproduction.

  14. Standard Definitions of Building Geometry for Energy Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deru, M.; Torcellini, P.

    2005-10-01

    This document provides definitions and metrics of building geometry for use in building energy evaluation. Building geometry is an important input in the analysis process, yet there are no agreed-upon standard definitions of these terms for use in energy analysis. The metrics can be used for characterizing building geometry, for calculating energy performance metrics, and for conducting energy simulations.

  15. TvE_quotes_answers

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Later today Secretary Chu will be answering your questions as a part of the White House's Tuesday Talk series. The discussion will be broadcast live starting at 1:15 EST and will build off of the Secretary's speech at the National Press Club yesterday, which called on the United States to sharply accelerate innovations in clean energy. You can submit your questions for consideration via the White House's

  16. National Biomedical Tracer Facility: Project definition study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heaton, R.; Peterson, E.; Smith, P.

    1995-05-31

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory is an ideal institution and New Mexico is an ideal location for siting the National Biomedical Tracer Facility (NBTF). The essence of the Los Alamos proposal is the development of two complementary irradiation facilities that combined with our existing radiochemical processing hot cell facilities and waste handling and disposal facilities provide a low cost alternative to other proposals that seek to satisfy the objectives of the NBTF. We propose the construction of a 30 MeV cyclotron facility at the site of the radiochemical facilities, and the construction of a 100 MeV target station at LAMPF to satisfy the requirements and objectives of the NBTF. We do not require any modifications to our existing radiochemical processing hot cell facilities or our waste treatment and disposal facilities to accomplish the objectives of the NBTF. The total capital cost for the facility defined by the project definition study is $15.2 M. This cost estimate includes $9.9 M for the cyclotron and associated facility, $2.0 M for the 100 MeV target station at LAMPF, and $3.3 M for design.

  17. Title 40 CFR 232 - 404 Program Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    - 404 Program DefinitionsLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2015 Legal Citation 40 CFR 232 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online...

  18. Idaho IC 61-119, Electrical Corporation Definition | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    61-119 provided in the Application and Definitions of the Public Utilities Law, amended 1917. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1917 Legal Citation Not provided DOI Not...

  19. Alaska - AS 42.05.990 - Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Abstract This section provides definitions for terms pertaining to public utilities law. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal Citation AS 42.05.990 DOI Not...

  20. Title 40 USC 102 Public Buildings, Property, and Works: Definitions...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    USC 102 Public Buildings, Property, and Works: Definitions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Title 40 USC 102...