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Sample records for building shell conservation

  1. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Building Shell and...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    & Practices > Building Shell & Lighting Conservation Features Building Shell and Lighting Conservation Features The 1999 CBECS collected information on two types of building shell...

  2. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--HVAC Conservation...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Those commercial buildings that used HVAC conservation features...

  3. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Conservation Tables (16 pages, 86 kb) CONTENTS PAGES Table 41. Energy Conservation Features, Number of Buildings and Floorspace, 1995 Table 42. Building Shell Conservation ...

  4. Energy Conservation in State Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1992 the state enacted legislation requiring the Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) and the DGS to set energy performance standards that would reduce energy consumption in state buildings by...

  5. Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building ...

  6. Energy Auditor - Single Family 2.0: Building Shell Retrofit Strategies |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Building Shell Retrofit Strategies Energy Auditor - Single Family 2.0: Building Shell Retrofit Strategies Building Shell Retrofit Strategies - Complete (3.79 MB) Lesson Plan: Building Shell Retrofit Strategies (320.22 KB) PowerPoint: Building Shell Retrofit Strategies (3.67 MB) More Documents & Publications Energy Auditor - Single Family 2.0: Building Assessment Energy Auditor - Single Family 2.0: Zone Pressure Diagnostics

  7. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Conservation Features...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Conservation Features and Practices Topics: Energy Sources and End Uses End-Use Equipment Conservation Features and Practices Conservation Features and Practices The 1999 CBECS...

  8. Buildings","Building Size"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...58,3346,3547,3666,3922 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...23,3385,3993,4866,4938,4032,4746 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  9. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1995 - Detailed Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    35 36 Refrigeration 37 37 Water-Heating 38 38 Lighting 39 40 Conservation (16 pages) Energy Conservation Features 41 41 Building Shell Conservation 42 43 Reduction in...

  10. Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building Upgrades:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia | Department of Energy Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia Summarizes how the City of Philadelphia leveraged $6.25 million in qualified energy conservation bonds to upgrade the energy efficiency of city buildings. Author: Lawrence Berkeley

  11. Town of Chapel Hill- Energy Conservation Requirements for Town Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Town of Chapel Hill’s energy-conservation ordinance requires all new or expanded buildings constructed by and for the town to achieve a Silver level certification in the U.S. Green Building...

  12. Municipal-building conservation project: financing conservation in municipal buildings. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gatton, David; Mounts, Richard; Scrimger, Kay; Wood, Elizabeth; Musselwhite, Ron; Wanning, Helen; Frazier, Andrew; Pyles, Odessa

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this survey was to assess one dimension of the energy problem that confronts cities - energy costs for public buildings - and to see how a sample of local governments had confronted that problem. While cities of all sizes tend to have a considerable variety of buildings, most are related to the basic municipal service of administration, police and fire protection, public works, and recreation. Most of these buildings consume natural gas and electricity as their primary source of energy, sources whose price is likely to rise more rapidly than the rate of inflation in the next few years. While it is difficult to assess the reports of energy costs without comparing them to the total city budget, these costs were found to be sizable among small and medium cities, and quite large among larger cities. While several of the conservation programs in the sample dated back to 1976, almost half (14) were relatively new, having been undertaken only in the last three years. Administratively, most have been placed under the direction of budget or public works officials, and, substantively, have emphasized no-cost/low-cost measures, such as employee awareness programs and improvements in building maintenance. In keeping with this, most of the programs have been supported by reprogramming funds, supplemented with local capital improvement funds, and state and federal grants. Case studies for five localities are appended.

  13. New York City- Energy Conservation Requirements for Existing Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Council Bill No. 564-A (Local Law 85 of 2009): Requires that renovations of existing buildings meet minimum energy conservation standards. The result of this law is essentially a city energy code ...

  14. Analysis of alternative strategies for energy conservation in new buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.M.; Tawil, J.J.

    1980-12-01

    Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS) were mandated by the Energy Conservation Standards for New Buildings Act of 1976 (Title III of Energy Conservation and Production Act) to promote energy efficiency and the use of renewable resources in new buildings. The report analyzes alternative Federal strategies and their component policy instruments and recommends a strategy for achieving the goals of the Act. The concern is limited to space conditioning (heating, cooling, and lighting) and water heating. The policy instruments considered include greater reliance on market forces; research and development; information, education and demonstration programs; tax incentives and sanctions; mortgage and finance programs; and regulations and standards. The analysis starts with an explanation of the barriers to energy conservation in the residential and commercial sectors. Individual policy instruments are then described and evaluated with respect to energy conservation, economic efficiency, equity, political impacts, and implementation and other transitional impacts. Five possible strategies are identified: (1) increased reliance on the market place; (2) energy consumption tax and supply subsidies; (3) BEPS with no sanctions and no incentives; (4) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (price control); and (5) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (no price controls). A comparative analysis is performed. Elements are proposed for inclusion in a comprehensive strategy for conservation in new buildings. (MCW)

  15. Optimum mix of conservation and solar energy in buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1980-01-01

    A methodology is developed for optimally allocating resources between conservation and solar strategies in building design. Formulas are presented for a constrained optimum in which the initial investment is limited. The procedure is amenable to hand analysis if tables are available which give the Solar Savings Fraction as a function of the Load Collector Ratio for the locality. A numerical example is given.

  16. Buildings","Heated Buildings",,"Cooled Buildings",,"Lit Buildingsc...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...73,858,953,772,989,865 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...77,25703,28721,22459,29583,26485 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  17. Buildings","Year Constructed"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...14,4123,4123,4530,3743 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...31,1467,2854,4322,6087,7919,6335 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  18. Table B6. Building Size, Number of Buildings, 1999

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...,142,149,87,47,25,12,4 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...,1283,507,329,214,110,69,35,13,5 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  19. ,"All Buildings","Nongovernment-Owned Buildings",,,,"Government...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...,146,"Q",113,"Q",27,74 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...3,1134,820,304,"Q",149,19,20,110 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  20. ,"All Buildings","Nongovernment-Owned Buildings",,,,"Government...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ..."Q",5564,644,1693,3227 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...7092,6985,"Q",5698,860,1547,3291 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  1. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... 42 57 20 13 8 4 1 17.9 Building Shell Conservation Features (more than one may apply) ... HVAC Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Variable Air-Volume System ......

  2. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... 1.4 0.5 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.1 Building Shell Conservation Features (more than one may apply) ... HVAC Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Variable Air-Volume System ......

  3. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook

    ... -- 563 1,345 4,341 24.8 Building Shell Conservation Features (more than one may apply) ... HVAC Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Variable Air-Volume System ...... 327 ...

  4. Cool roofs as an energy conservation measure for federal buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taha, Haider; Akbari, Hashem

    2003-04-07

    We have developed initial estimates of the potential benefits of cool roofs on federal buildings and facilities (building scale) as well as extrapolated the results to all national facilities under the administration of the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). In addition, a spreadsheet ''calculator'' is devised to help FEMP estimate potential energy and cost savings of cool roof projects. Based on calculations for an average insulation level of R-11 for roofs, it is estimated that nationwide annual savings in energy costs will amount to $16M and $32M for two scenarios of increased roof albedo (moderate and high increases), respectively. These savings, corresponding to about 3.8 percent and 7.5 percent of the base energy costs for FEMP facilities, include the increased heating energy use (penalties) in winter. To keep the cost of conserved energy (CCE) under $0.08 kWh-1 as a nationwide average, the calculations suggest that the incremental cost for cool roofs should not exceed $0.06 ft-2, assuming that cool roofs have the same life span as their non-cool counterparts. However, cool roofs usually have extended life spans, e.g., 15-30 years versus 10 years for conventional roofs, and if the costs of re-roofing are also factored in, the cutoff incremental cost to keep CCE under $0.08 kWh-1 can be much higher. In between these two ends, there is of course a range of various combinations and options.

  5. Building Energy Efficiency in India: Compliance Evaluation of Energy Conservation Building Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Delgado, Alison

    2014-03-26

    India is experiencing unprecedented construction boom. The country doubled its floorspace between 2001 and 2005 and is expected to add 35 billion m2 of new buildings by 2050. Buildings account for 35% of total final energy consumption in India today, and building energy use is growing at 8% annually. Studies have shown that carbon policies will have little effect on reducing building energy demand. Chaturvedi et al. predicted that, if there is no specific sectoral policies to curb building energy use, final energy demand of the Indian building sector will grow over five times by the end of this century, driven by rapid income and population growth. The growing energy demand in buildings is accompanied by a transition from traditional biomass to commercial fuels, particularly an increase in electricity use. This also leads to a rapid increase in carbon emissions and aggravates power shortage in India. Growth in building energy use poses challenges to the Indian government. To curb energy consumption in buildings, the Indian government issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which applies to commercial buildings with a connected load of 100 kW or 120kVA. It is predicted that the implementation of ECBC can help save 25-40% of energy, compared to reference buildings without energy-efficiency measures. However, the impact of ECBC depends on the effectiveness of its enforcement and compliance. Currently, the majority of buildings in India are not ECBC-compliant. The United Nations Development Programme projected that code compliance in India would reach 35% by 2015 and 64% by 2017. Whether the projected targets can be achieved depends on how the code enforcement system is designed and implemented. Although the development of ECBC lies in the hands of the national government – the Bureau of Energy Efficiency under the Ministry of Power, the adoption and implementation of ECBC largely relies on state and local governments. Six years after ECBC

  6. Energy Conservation in Public Buildings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    mandating that buildings constructed and financed by the state must comply with the U.S. Green Building Council's (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)...

  7. Relativistic pseudospin symmetry and shell model Hamiltonians that conserve pseudospin symmetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ginocchio, Joseph N

    2010-09-21

    Professor Akito Arima and his colleagues discovered 'pseudospin' doublets forty-one years ago in spherical nuclei. These doublets were subsequently discovered in deformed nuclei. We show that pseudospin symmetry is an SU(2) symmetry of the Dirac Hamiltonian which occurs when the scalar and vector potentials are opposite in sign but equal in magnitude. This symmetry occurs independent of the shape of the nucleus: spherical, axial deformed, triaxial, and gamma unstable. We survey some of the evidence that pseudospin symmetry is approximately conserved for a Dirac Hamiltonian with realistic scalar and vector potentials by examining the energy spectra, the lower components of the Dirac eigenfunctions, the magnetic dipole and Gamow-Teller transitions in nuclei, the upper components of the Dirac eigenfunctions, and nucleon-nucleus scattering. We shall also suggest that pseudospin symmetry may have a fundamental origin in chiral symmetry breaking by examining QCD sum rules. Finally we derive the shell model Hamiltonians which conserve pseudospin and show that they involve tensor interactions.

  8. Energy Efficiency Pilot Projects in Jaipur: Testing the Energy Conservation Building Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Mathur, Jyotirmay; Yu, Sha

    2014-03-26

    The Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT) in Jaipur, India is constructing two new buildings on its campus that allow it to test implementation of the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), which Rajasthan made mandatory in 2011. PNNL has been working with MNIT to document progress on ECBC implementation in these buildings.

  9. Providing for energy efficiency in homes and small buildings. Part I. Understanding and practicing energy conservation in buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parady, W. Harold; Turner, J. Howard

    1980-06-01

    This is a training program to educate students and individuals in the importance of conserving energy and to provide for developing skills needed in the application of energy-saving techniques that result in energy-efficient buildings. A teacher guide and student workbook are available to supplement the basic guide, which contains three parts. Part I considers the following: understanding the importance of energy; developing a concern for conserving energy; understanding the use of energy in buildings; care and maintenance of energy-efficient buildings; and developing energy-saving habits. A bibliography is presented.

  10. Buildings","Northeast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...3,47,202,90,203,69,139 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...30,97,168,96,195,114,199,138,245 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  11. Buildings","Northeast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...37,1576,2276,1009,2405 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...34,2130,5279,2330,3637,2337,5443 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  12. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs for Buildings and Facilities

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below are best practices, project resources, and other tools to help you develop and implement programs for designing, building, and operating energy efficient government, commercial, and...

  13. Use of vegetation to ameliorate building microclimates: an assessment of energy-conservation potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchison, B.A.; Taylor, F.G.; Wendt, R.L.

    1982-04-01

    The space-conditioning energy conservation potentials of landscapes designed to ameliorate building microclimates are evaluated. The physical bases for vegetative modifications of climate are discussed, and results of past study of the effects of vegetation on space-conditioning energy consumption in buildings are reviewed. The state-of-the-art of energy-conserving landscape designs is assessed and recommendations are presented for further research.

  14. A Look at Education Buildings - How do they measure conservation...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    high compared to other buildings, there is a still a lot that can be done to improve energy efficiency. The Department of Energy sponsors a program called "Energy Smart Schools,"...

  15. Life Cycle Analysis and Energy Conservation Standards for State Buildings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In January 2007, Ohio enacted HB 251 and Governor Ted Strickland issued Executive Order 2007-02S. Both initiatives amend state policy pertaining to energy efficiency in state buildings. H.B. 251...

  16. Energy conservation through building design. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning energy conservation systems and equipment used in residential, public, and commercial buildings. Topics include building design for energy efficiency, technology feasibility, thermal insulation, heat recovery, solar heating systems, life cycle costs, and thermal comfort. Discussions on environmental aspects are covered. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  17. Energy conservation through building design. (Latest citations from the NTIS Bibliographic database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning methods and equipment used in the design of residential and commercial buildings to decrease energy consumption. Topics include energy conservation programs, energy-efficient new building designs and equipment, and alternative energy sources and techniques used in retrofitting existing buildings. Methods of calculating and computing envelope thermal loads and payback periods are presented. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  18. Table B3. Census Region, Number of Buildings and Floorspace,...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...90,3080,3808,7088,3414 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...9,383,29915,4525,6364,11246,7780 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  19. Table B8. Year Constructed, Number of Buildings, 1999

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...6,92,84,120,154,131,70 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...",1283,82,71,163,174,283,302,210 "HVAC Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  20. Recommendations on Implementing the Energy Conservation Building Code in Rajasthan, India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Makela, Eric J.; Evans, Meredydd; Mathur, Jyotirmay

    2012-02-01

    India launched the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007 and Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) recently indicated that it would move to mandatory implementation in the 12th Five-Year Plan. The State of Rajasthan adopted ECBC with minor modifications; the new regulation is known as the Energy Conservation Building Directives – Rajasthan 2011 (ECBD-R). It became mandatory in Rajasthan on September 28, 2011. This report provides recommendations on an ECBD-R enforcement roadmap for the State of Rajasthan.

  1. Health effects associated with energy conservation measures in commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenner, R.D.; Baechler, M.C.

    1990-09-01

    Indoor air quality can be impacted by hundreds of different chemicals. More than 900 different organic compounds alone have been identified in indoor air. Health effects that could arise from exposure to individual pollutants or mixtures of pollutants cover the full range of acute and chronic effects, including largely reversible responses, such as rashes and irritations, to the irreversible toxic and carcinogenic effects. These indoor contaminants are emitted from a large variety of materials and substances that are widespread components of everyday life. Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a search of the peer-reviewed literature on health effects associated with indoor air contaminants for the Bonneville Power Administration to aid the agency in the preparation of environmental documents. Results are reported in two volumes. Volume 1 summarizes the results of the search of the peer-reviewed literature on health effects associated with a selected list of indoor air contaminants. In addition, the report discusses potential health effects of polychlorinated biphenyls and chlorofluorocarbons. All references to the literature reviewed are found in this document Volume 2. Volume 2 provides detailed information from the literature reviewed, summarizes potential health effects, reports health hazard ratings, and discusses quantitative estimates of carcinogenic risk in humans and animals. Contaminants discussed in this report are those that; have been measured in the indoor air of a public building; have been measured (significant concentrations) in test situations simulating indoor air quality (as presented in the referenced literature); and have a significant hazard rating. 38 refs., 7 figs., 23 tabs.

  2. ASEAN-USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project. Final report, Volume 3: Audits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loewen, J.M.; Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F.

    1992-06-01

    The auditing subproject of the ASEAN-USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project has generated a great deal of auditing activity throughout the ASEAN region. Basic building characterisfic and energy consumption data were gathered for over 200 buildings and are presented in this volume. A large number of buildings were given more detailed audits and were modeled with either the ASEAM-2 computer program or the more complex DOE-2 program. These models were used to calculate the savings to be generated by conservabon measures. Specially audits were also conducted, including lighting and thermal comfort surveys. Many researchers in the ASEAN region were trained to perform energy audits in a series of training courses and seminars. The electricity intensifies of various types of ASEAN buildings have been calculated. A comparison to the electricity intensity of the US building stock tentatively concludes that ASEAN office buildings are comparable, first class hotels and retail stores are more ewctricity intensive than their US counterparts, and hospitals are less intensive. Philippine and Singapore lighting surveys indicate that illuminance levels in offices tend to be below the minimum accepted standard. Computer simulations of the energy use in various building types generally agree that for most ASEAN buildings, electricity consumption for air-conditioning (including fan power) consumes approximately 60% of total building electricity. A review of the many studies made during the Project to calculate the savings from energy conservation opportunities (ECOS) shows a median potential savings of approximately 10%, with some buildings saving as much as 50%. Singapore buildings, apparently as a result of previously implemented efficient energy-use practices, shows a lower potential for savings than the other ASEAN nations. Air-conditioning ECOs hold the greatest potential for savings.

  3. Table B30. Percent of Floorspace Lit When Open, Number of Buildings...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...0,1004,"Q","Q",503,418 "Building Shell Conservation" "Features (more than one" "may ...56,29915,332,2648,9705,17231 "Lighting Conservation Features" "(more than one may apply)" ...

  4. CONSERVATION

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Conservation Resource Energy Data The RED Book Fiscal Year 2009 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ......

  5. ASEAN-USAID buildings energy conservation project. Volume 1, Energy standards: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F.; Deringer, J.J.

    1992-06-01

    Mandatory or voluntary energy-efficiency standards for new or existing buildings can play an important role in a national program aimed at promoting energy conservation. Building codes and standards can provide a degree of control over design and building practices throughout the construction process, and encourage awareness of energy-conscious design. Studies in developed countries indicate that efficiency standards can produce energy reductions on the order of 20 to 40% or more. Within ASEAN, analyses of the savings potential from the proposed standards suggest that if implemented, these standards would produce savings over current new design practice of 19% to 24%. In this volume we provide an overview of the ASEAN-USAID project aimed at promulgating standards for energy efficiency in commercial buildings. The process of developing and implementing energy-efficiency standards for buildings can be subdivided into two key components: policy development; and technical and economic analysis. Each of these involves a number of steps and processes, as outlined in Figure 1-1. This volume describes the technical and economic analyses used to develop the proposed energy efficiency standards for four countries (Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia), and to refine an energy standard existing in Singapore since 1979. Though oriented toward the ASEAN region, the analysis methods described here are applicable in a range of settings, provided appropriate modifications are made for local building construction, climatic, economic, and political conditions. Implementation issues are not specifically addressed here; rather this volume is oriented towards the analytical work needed to establish or revise an energy standard for buildings.

  6. MVC Shell

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2008-06-03

    Provides the shell of a plugin based application environment that builds on MVC Framework to allow one to rapidly construct an application by using a collection of plugins. The MVC Shell is implemented in C# as a .NET 2.0 application that can then be used as a shell for building a plugin based application. The infrastructure allows for dynamically processing a specified collection of plugins in order to determine the functionality of the application, wheremore » all plugins operate within the context of the underlying MVC Framework environment.« less

  7. Energy conservation standards for new federal residential buildings: A decision analysis study using relative value discounting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harvey, C. . Coll. of Business Administration); Merkhofer, M.M.; Hamm, G.L. )

    1990-07-02

    This report presents a reassessment of the proposed standard for energy conservation in new federal residential buildings. The analysis uses the data presented in the report, Economic Analysis: In Support of Interim Energy Conservation Standards for New Federal Residential Buildings (June 1988)-to be referred to as the EASIECS report. The reassessment differs from that report in several respects. In modeling factual information, it uses more recent forecasts of future energy prices and it uses data from the Bureau of the Census in order to estimate the distribution of lifetimes of residential buildings rather than assuming a hypothetical 25-year lifetime. In modeling social preferences decision analysis techniques are used in order to examine issues of public values that often are not included in traditional cost-benefit analyses. The present report concludes that the public would benefit from the proposed standard. Several issues of public values regarding energy use are illustrated with methods to include them in a formal analysis of a proposed energy policy. The first issue places a value on costs and benefits that will occur in the future as an irreversible consequence of current policy choices. This report discusses an alternative method, called relative value discounting which permits flexible discounting of future events-and the possibility of placing greater values on future events. The second issue places a value on the indirect benefits of energy savings so that benefits accrue to everyone rather than only to the person who saves the energy. This report includes non-zero estimates of the indirect benefits. The third issue is how the costs and benefits discussed in a public policy evaluation should be compared. In summary, selection of individual projects with larger benefit to cost ratios leads to a portfolio of projects with the maximum benefit to cost difference. 30 refs., 6 figs., 16 tabs. (JF)

  8. CONSERVATION

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    20 Bonneville Power Administration Conservation RESOURCE ENERGY DATA (The RED Book) INTRODUCTION On Dec. 5, 1980, the 96 th Congress passed the Pacific Northwest...

  9. ASEAN--USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project final report. Volume 2, Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F.

    1992-06-01

    This volume reports on research in the area of energy conservation technology applied to commercial buildings in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. Unlike Volume I of this series, this volume is a compilation of original technical papers prepared by different authors in the project. In this regard, this volume is much like a technical journal. The papers that follow report on research conducted by both US and ASEAN researchers. The authors representing Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, come from a range of positions in the energy arena, including government energy agencies, electric utilities, and universities. As such, they account for a wide range of perspectives on energy problems and the role that technology can play in solving them. This volume is about using energy more intelligently. In some cases, the effort is towards the use of more advanced technologies, such as low-emittance coatings on window glass, thermal energy storage, or cogeneration. In others, the emphasis is towards reclaiming traditional techniques for rendering energy services, but in new contexts such as lighting office buildings with natural light, or cooling buildings of all types with natural ventilation. Used in its broadest sense, the term ``technology`` encompasses all of the topics addressed in this volume. Along with the more customary associations of technology, such as advanced materials and equipment and the analysis of their performance, this volume treats design concepts and techniques, analysis of ``secondary`` impacts from applying technologies (i.e., unintended impacts, or impacts on parties not directly involved in the purchase and use of the technology), and the collection of primary data used for conducting technical analyses.

  10. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG)- Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Donisha; Harris, Barbara; Blue, Cynthia; Gaskins, Charla

    2014-09-16

    The original BetterBuildings for Greensboro grant program included an outreach campaign to inform 100% of the Greensboro community about the benefits of reducing energy use; a plan to reduce energy consumption in at least 34% of the homes and 10% of the other buildings in the east Greensboro target area; and a plan to create and retain jobs in the energy conservation industry. Under the original program structure the City of Greensboro planned to partner with local and regional lenders to create a diversified portfolio of loan products to meet the needs of various income levels and building types. All participants would participate in the loan programs as a method of meeting the program’s 5 to1 private capital match/leverage requirements. In June 2011 the program was restructured to include partnerships with large commercial and multifamily projects, with these partners providing the greater portion of the required match/leverage. The geographic focus was revised to include reducing energy consumption across the entire City of Greensboro, targeting neighborhoods with high concentrations of low-moderate income households and aged housing stock. The community outreach component used a neighborhood-based approach to train community residents and volunteers to conduct door-to-door neighborhood sweeps; delivered high quality information on available program resources; helped residents to evaluate alternative energy efficiency measures and alternative financing sources; assisted with contractor selections and monitoring/evaluation of work; coordinated activities with BetterBuildings program partners; and collected data required by the Department of Energy. Additionally, HERO (Home Energy Response Officers) delivered intro packages (energy efficiency information and products) to thousands of households at the initial point of contact. A pilot program (Early Adopters) was offered from March 1, 2011 through June 30, 2011. The Early Adopters program was designed to offer

  11. Appropriate conservation measures for single-family buildings in hot, humid climates. [DOE-2. 1B

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLain, H.A.; MacDonald, J.M.; Goldenberg, D.

    1985-01-01

    The effectiveness of a number of energy conservation measures for homes located in hot, humid climates was analyzed using the DOE-2.1B building simulation model. Measures having the greatest benefits to the homeowner are predicted to be the addition of ceiling insulation only if the house is not already insulated, weatherization, and reduction of the wall outer surface solar absorptance. The weatherization and solar absorptance reduction measures should be do-it-yourself installations to be cost-effective. Replacement of an air-conditioning unit with a new high-efficiency unit was very effective in reducing peak demand and annual cooling energy. Unless the energy efficiency ratio of the existing unit is low (<6), replacement is generally not cost-effective. The measures were predicted to result in slightly increased indoor humidities, but their effect on human comfort was predicted to be small. However, this conclusion should be considered preliminary since the simulation models used for these predictions have limitations. The amount of energy that can be saved by these measures is very dependent on the occupant's lifestyle, such as the degree to which the occupants will alter clothing to achieve comfort. 15 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  12. Bainbridge Energy Challenge. Energy efficiency and conservation block grant (EECBG) - Better buildings neighborhood program. Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kraus, Yvonne X.

    2014-02-14

    RePower Bainbridge and Bremerton (RePower) is a residential energy-efficiency and conservation program designed to foster a sustainable, clean, and renewable energy economy. The program was a 3.5 year effort in the cities of Bainbridge Island and Bremerton, Washington, to conserve and reduce energy use, establish a trained home performance trade ally network, and create local jobs. RePower was funded through a $4.8 million grant from the US Department of Energy, Better Buildings Program. The grant’s performance period was August 1, 2010 through March 30, 2014.

  13. Recommendations for energy conservation standards for new residential buildings - volume 3: Introduction and Background to the Standard Development Effort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-05-01

    The Energy Conservation for New Buildings Act of 1976, as amended, 42 U.S.C Section 6831 et. seq. requires the US Department of Energy to issue energy conservation standards for the design of new residential and commercial buildings. The standards will be mandatory only for the design of new federal buildings, and will serve as voluntary guidelines for the design of new non-federal buildings. This report documents the development and testing of a set of recommendations, from the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE) Special Projects Committee No. 53, designed to provide the technical foundation for the Congressionally-mandated energy standard for new residential buildings. The recommendations have been developed over the past 25 months by a multidisciplinary project team, under the management of the US Department of Energy and its prime contractor, Pacific Northwest Laboratory. Volume III -- Introduction and Background to the Standard Development Effort is a description of the Standard development process and contains the rationale for the general approach and specific criteria contained within the recommendations.

  14. Thermal Bypass Air Barriers in the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code- Building America Top Innovation

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Building America Innovations profile describes Building America research supporting Thermal Bypass Air Barrier requirements. Since these were adopted in the 2009 IECC, close to one million homes have been mandated to include this vitally important energy efficiency measure.

  15. Building America Top Innovations 2012: Thermal Bypass Air Barriers in the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-01-01

    This Building America Top Innovations profile describes Building America research supporting Thermal Bypass Air Barrier requirements. Since these were adopted in the 2009 IECC, close to one million homes have been mandated to include this vitally important energy efficiency measure.

  16. Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building Upgrades. Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimring, Mark

    2012-07-18

    Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized bonds that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of energy conservation projects, including public building upgrades that reduce energy use by at least 20 percent, at very attractive borrowing rates and long terms. As part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the City of Philadelphia received a $15 million QECB award from the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury). The city leveraged $6.25 million of its QECB allocation to finance half of a $12.6 million initiative to upgrade the energy efficiency of City buildings. The upgrades to four city facilities are expected to deliver over $10 million of net savings, and are a major step towards achieving the city’s goal of reducing government energy consumption by 30 percent by 2015.

  17. Determination for the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code, Residential Buildings – Technical Support Document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2009-09-26

    Provides a technical analysis showing that the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code contains improvements in energy efficiency compared to its predecessor, the 2003 International Energy Conservation Code. DOE is required by law to issue "determinations" of whether or not new editions of the IECC improve energy efficiency.

  18. Contribution to energy conservation of opaque building materials exposed to solar radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dilmac, S.; Akman, M.S.

    1990-12-01

    In the study, effects of opaque building materials on the heating of buildings by the passive solar energy system have been investigated. The quantity of solar energy absorbed by surfaces and its transfer indoors have been the main subjects of the research. Relevant surface properties and structures of opaque building skin materials have been determined experimentally and theoretically according to the meteorological, geographical and atmospheric characteristics of the regions. A laminar composite building element made of light and heavy materials has been suggested to obtain an efficient solution.

  19. Buildings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Historically, only Industrial Facilities (ISO 50003 Industry - light to medium and ... is allowing Commercial Buildings (ISO 50003 - Buildings and Building Complexes) ...

  20. Energy savings modelling of re-tuning energy conservation measures in large office buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, Nick; Katipamula, Srinivas; Wang, Weimin; Huang, Yunzhi; Liu, Guopeng

    2014-10-20

    Today, many large commercial buildings use sophisticated building automation systems (BASs) to manage a wide range of building equipment. While the capabilities of BASs have increased over time, many buildings still do not fully use the BAS’s capabilities and are not properly commissioned, operated or maintained, which leads to inefficient operation, increased energy use, and reduced lifetimes of the equipment. This paper investigates the energy savings potential of several common HVAC system re-tuning measures on a typical large office building, using the Department of Energy’s building energy modeling software, EnergyPlus. The baseline prototype model uses roughly as much energy as an average large office building in existing building stock, but does not utilize any re-tuning measures. Individual re-tuning measures simulated against this baseline include automatic schedule adjustments, damper minimum flow adjustments, thermostat adjustments, as well as dynamic resets (set points that change continuously with building and/or outdoor conditions) to static pressure, supply-air temperature, condenser water temperature, chilled and hot water temperature, and chilled and hot water differential pressure set points. Six combinations of these individual measures have been formulated – each designed to conform to limitations to implementation of certain individual measures that might exist in typical buildings. All the individual measures and combinations were simulated in 16 climate locations representative of specific U.S. climate zones. The modeling results suggest that the most effective energy savings measures are those that affect the demand-side of the building (air-systems and schedules). Many of the demand-side individual measures were capable of reducing annual total HVAC system energy consumption by over 20% in most cities that were modeled. Supply side measures affecting HVAC plant conditions were only modestly successful (less than 5% annual HVAC energy

  1. Saving money with energy conservation: an energy audit workbook for apartment buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-07-01

    Part 1 of this booklet lists 14 ideas with high potential for savings. Part 2 is a list of ideas intended for the apartment renter. Part 3 contains more ideas for management which require little or no initial investment and offer significant savings. Part 4 has even more ways to save but with some investment. Following these idea sections, Part 5 contains four forms to help manage an energy conservation program. Part 5 also has two examples to show how the dollar savings potential of the various ideas can be estimated. This workbook provides a do-it-yourself, fill-in-the blanks approach to an energy conservation program for apartments.

  2. Standby Energy Conservation Plan No. 2: Building Temperature Restrictions Plan. Environmental report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-02-01

    This report analyzes the environmental impacts of the proposed Building Temperature Restrictions Plan. The Plan would result in fuel and energy savings which could be diverted to other areas. Environmental impacts, with emphasis on air quality, were analyzed and found to result in a very minor improvement in air quality. Public health impacts are also minimal, and although some individuals may experience discomfort, it can be minimized by adjustments in clothing. The change in temperature is insufficient to have any significant impact on persons suffering from most diseases.

  3. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Kansas City, Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2011-09-30

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of about $145 a year for an average new house. Construction cost increases are estimated at $655. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of close to $100 a year because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

  4. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Mesa, Arizona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2011-03-31

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC and the 2003 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of $145 a year for an average new house compared to the 2003 IECC. This energy cost saving decreases to $125 a year for the 2009 IECC compared to the 2006 IECC. Construction cost increases (per home) for complying with the 2009 IECC are estimated at $1256 relative to the 2003 IECC and $800 for 2006 IECC. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of about $80 a year by complying with the 2009 IECC because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

  5. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Public Act 093-0936 (Illinois Energy Conservation Code for Commercial Buildings) was signed into law in August, 2004. The Illinois Energy Conservation Code for Commercial Buildings became...

  6. Build-

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0. Cooling Equipment, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Build- ings*","Cooled Build- ings","Cooling Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Resid- ential- Type Central Air Condi- tioners","Heat Pumps","Indiv- idual Air Condi- tioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Pack- aged Air Condi- tioning Units","Swamp

  7. A Comparison of the 2003 and 2006 International Energy Conservation Codes to Determine the Potential Impact on Residential Building Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stovall, Therese K; Baxter, Van D

    2008-03-01

    The IECC was updated in 2006. As required in the Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1992, Title 3, DOE has a legislative requirement to "determine whether such revision would improve energy efficiency in residential buildings" within 12 months of the latest revision. This requirement is part of a three-year cycle of regular code updates. To meet this requirement, an independent review was completed using personnel experienced in building science but not involved in the code development process.

  8. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG): Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donnelly, Kat A.

    2014-01-10

    The Neighbor to Neighbor Energy Challenge (N2N) brought together a consortium of 14 leading clean energy rural, suburban, and low income communities throughout Connecticut. N2N was awarded $4.2 million from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) competitive BetterBuildings Neighborhood Program on August 10, 2010 to run a two-year pilot program (plus one year of transition and evaluation) (Award No. EMCBC- 00969-10). N2N tested innovative program models and hypotheses for improving Connecticut’s existing residential energy efficiency programs that are overseen by the ratepayer fund board and administered by CT utilities. N2N’s original goal was to engage 10 percent of households in participating communities to reduce their energy usage by 20 percent through energy upgrades and clean energy measures. N2N planned for customers to complete more comprehensive whole-home energy efficiency and clean energy measures and to achieve broader penetration than existing utility-administered regulated programs. Since this was an ARRA award, we report the following figures on job creation in Table 1. Since N2N is not continuing in its current form, we do not provide figures on job retention. Table 1 N2N Job Creation by Quarter Jobs Created 2010 Q4 6.65 2011 Q1 7.13 2011 Q2 4.98 2011 Q3 9.66 2011 Q4 5.43 2012 Q1 11.11 2012 Q2 6.85 2012 Q3 6.29 2012 Q4 6.77 2013 Q1 5.57 2013 Q2 8.35 2013 Q3 6.52 Total 85.31 The N2N team encountered several gaps in the existing efficiency program performance that hindered meeting N2N’s and DOE’s short-term program goals, as well as the State of Connecticut’s long-term energy, efficiency, and carbon reduction goals. However, despite the slow program start, N2N found evidence of increasing upgrade uptake rates over time, due to delayed customer action of one to two years from N2N introduction to completion of deeper household upgrades. Two main social/behavioral principles have contributed to driving deeper upgrades in CT: 1. Word of mouth

  9. Building

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    DIV. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities by Census Division, 1999" ,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand kWh)","per...

  10. Build-

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1. Cooling Equipment, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Build- ings*","Cooled Build- ings","Cooling Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Resid- ential- Type Central Air Condi- tioners","Heat Pumps","Indiv- idual Air Condi- tioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Pack- aged Air Condi- tioning Units","Swamp

  11. Buildings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Superior Energy Performance® Policy Interpretation providing a certification pathway for Commercial Buildings May 7, 2015 Question: As a hotel or university campus, can I use the supporting standards and protocols developed for SEP- Industry to apply for SEP certification? Response: The SEP Administrator is providing this interpretation regarding the types of facilities that can be certified to Superior Energy Performance (SEP). Background: A number of owners/operators of buildings and complex

  12. Building.

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Balance of Plant in ITER refers to plant systems located outside the Tokamak Building. A thick wall of concrete surrounding the main tokamak cryostat and designed to absorb the bulk of any remaining radiation from the plasma or from activated components inside the cryostat. This shields the region outside so that it can be accessed after shutdown for major hands-on repairs. The structure surrounding the plasma in a fusion reactor, within which the fusion-produced neutrons are slowed down, heat

  13. Coordinating Energy Efficiency With Water Conservation Services...

    Energy Savers

    With Water Conservation Services Coordinating Energy Efficiency With Water Conservation Services Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call ...

  14. Building Code Compliance and Enforcement: The Experience of SanFrancisco's Residential Energy Conservation Ordinanace and California'sBuildign Standards for New Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vine, E.

    1990-11-01

    As part of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's (LBL) technical assistance to the Sustainable City Project, compliance and enforcement activities related to local and state building codes for existing and new construction were evaluated in two case studies. The analysis of the City of San Francisco's Residential Energy Conservation Ordinance (RECO) showed that a limited, prescriptive energy conservation ordinance for existing residential construction can be enforced relatively easily with little administrative costs, and that compliance with such ordinances can be quite high. Compliance with the code was facilitated by extensive publicity, an informed public concerned with the cost of energy and knowledgeable about energy efficiency, the threat of punishment (Order of Abatement), the use of private inspectors, and training workshops for City and private inspectors. The analysis of California's Title 24 Standards for new residential and commercial construction showed that enforcement of this type of code for many climate zones is more complex and requires extensive administrative support for education and training of inspectors, architects, engineers, and builders. Under this code, prescriptive and performance approaches for compliance are permitted, resulting in the demand for alternative methods of enforcement: technical assistance, plan review, field inspection, and computer analysis. In contrast to existing construction, building design and new materials and construction practices are of critical importance in new construction, creating a need for extensive technical assistance and extensive interaction between enforcement personnel and the building community. Compliance problems associated with building design and installation did occur in both residential and nonresidential buildings. Because statewide codes are enforced by local officials, these problems may increase over time as energy standards change and become more complex and as other standards (eg, health and

  15. Conservation Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    by expanding it. Conservation Technologies is a company located in Duluth, Minnesota. Conservation Technologies specializes in energy efficiency in building construction, and...

  16. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) - Better Buildings Neighborhood Program at Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance: Home Performance with Energy Star® and Better Buildings Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holzhauser, Andy; Jones, Chris; Faust, Jeremy; Meyer, Chris; Van Divender, Lisa

    2013-12-30

    The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (Energy Alliance) is a nonprofit economic development agency dedicated to helping Greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky communities reduce energy consumption. The Energy Alliance has launched programs to educate homeowners, commercial property owners, and nonprofit organizations about energy efficiency opportunities they can use to drive energy use reductions and financial savings, while extending significant focus to creating/retaining jobs through these programs. The mission of the Energy Alliance is based on the premise that investment in energy efficiency can lead to transformative economic development in a region. With support from seven municipalities, the Energy Alliance began operation in early 2010 and has been among the fastest growing nonprofit organizations in the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky area. The Energy Alliance offers two programs endorsed by the Department of Energy: the Home Performance with ENERGY STAR® Program for homeowners and the Better Buildings Performance Program for commercial entities. Both programs couple expert guidance, project management, and education in energy efficiency best practices with incentives and innovative energy efficiency financing to help building owners effectively invest in the energy efficiency, comfort, health, longevity, and environmental impact of their residential or commercial buildings. The Energy Alliance has raised over $23 million of public and private capital to build a robust market for energy efficiency investment. Of the $23 million, $17 million was a direct grant from the Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP). The organization’s investments in energy efficiency projects in the residential and commercial sector have led to well over $50 million in direct economic activity and created over 375,000 hours of labor created or retained. In addition, over 250 workers have been trained through the Building Performance Training

  17. Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4. Energy Conservation Features in FBSS Building in Federal Region 3, Number of Buildings and Floorspace, 1993 Total Floorspace Number of Buildings (thousand square feet) Any Any...

  18. Case history of implementation of conservation program in a multitude of diverse buildings in the metropolitan area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, S.M.

    1982-06-01

    This paper outlines an energy conservation program undertaken by Jazco Corporation. Monitoring techniques were based on a calculated energy norm. Abnormalities, internal heat load, and switch-over temperature were also established. An actual physical audit verified the results. HVAC systems were found to be incompatible. Most boilers were derated. An electronic economizer cycle was installed. Occupied temperature setting, night temperature setback, dynamic load control, demand control, were all instrumented with savings. Microprocessor-based systems replaced main frame computers at a fraction of the cost. It was found that New York state lighting standards are good except where frequency of use is low.

  19. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2006 Iowa enacted H.F. 2361, requiring the State Building Commissioner to adopt energy conservation requirements based on a nationally recognized building energy code. The State Building Code...

  20. Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 January 27, 2006 These guidelines and accompanying criteria fulfill the requirement under Section 543(c)(3) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT). Section 543(c)(3) states that the Secretary of Energy shall issue guidelines

  1. A guidebook for insulated low-slope roof systems. IEA Annex 19, Low-slope roof systems: International Energy Agency Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01

    Low-slope roof systems are common on commercial and industrial buildings and, to a lesser extent, on residential buildings. Although insulating materials have nearly always been a component of low-slope roofs, the amount of insulation used has increased in the past two decades because of escalation of heating and cooling costs and increased awareness of the need for energy conservation. As the amount of insulation has increased, the demand has intensified for design, installation, and maintenance information specifically for well-insulated roofs. Existing practices for design, installation, and maintenance of insulated roofs have evolved from experience. Typically, these practices feature compromises due to the different properties of materials making up a given roof system. Therefore, they should be examined from time to time to ensure that they are appropriate as new materials continue to enter the market and as the data base on existing systems expands. A primary purpose of this International Energy Agency (IEA) study is to assess current roofing insulation practices in the context of an accumulating data base on performance.

  2. A Compendium of Energy Conservation Success Stories

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    DC (United States) AC02-83CH10093 DOE Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy (CE) Energy ConservationResearch Programs; Air Infiltration; Appliances; Buildings; ...

  3. Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Commercial Buildings...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    sampled building, and contains information for that building such as building size, year constructed, type of energy used, energy-using equipment, and conservation features. ...

  4. Impact of conservation measures on Pacific Northwest residential energy consumption. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moe, R.J.; Owzarski, S.L.; Streit, L.P.

    1983-04-01

    The objective of this study was to estimate the relationship between residential space conditioning energy use and building conservation programs in the Pacific Northwest. The study was divided into two primary tasks. In the first, the thermal relationship between space conditioning energy consumption under controlled conditions and the physical characteristics of the residence was estimated. In this task, behavioral characteristics such as occupant schedules and thermostat settings were controlled in order to isolate the physical relationships. In the second task, work from the first task was used to calculate the thermal efficiency of a residence's shell. Thermal efficiency was defined as the ability of a shell to prevent escapement of heat generated within a building. The relationship between actual space conditioning energy consumption and the shell thermal efficiency was then estimated. Separate thermal equations for mobile homes, single-family residences, and multi-family residences are presented. Estimates of the relationship between winter electricity consumption for heating and the building's thermal shell efficiency are presented for each of the three building categories.

  5. Mastermind Session: Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Peer Exchange Call: Program Sustainability Mastermind Session, featuring host Brian Driscoll, Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation. Call ...

  6. Clark County- Energy Conservation Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In September 2010, Clark County adopted Ordinance 3897, implementing the Southern Nevada version of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code for both residential and commercial buildings...

  7. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kansas adopted the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) as "the applicable state standard" for commercial and industrial buildings. Enforcement is provided by local jurisdictions; t...

  8. Building energy analysis tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brackney, Larry; Parker, Andrew; Long, Nicholas; Metzger, Ian; Dean, Jesse; Lisell, Lars

    2016-04-12

    A building energy analysis system includes a building component library configured to store a plurality of building components, a modeling tool configured to access the building component library and create a building model of a building under analysis using building spatial data and using selected building components of the plurality of building components stored in the building component library, a building analysis engine configured to operate the building model and generate a baseline energy model of the building under analysis and further configured to apply one or more energy conservation measures to the baseline energy model in order to generate one or more corresponding optimized energy models, and a recommendation tool configured to assess the one or more optimized energy models against the baseline energy model and generate recommendations for substitute building components or modifications.

  9. 1992 Commercial Buildings Characteristics -- Overview/Executive...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    likely to have either conservation features or practice energy management or both. Building age was important for specific types of energy conservation such as the use of energy...

  10. Tribal Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Retrofits 6. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs for Buildings and Facilities ... Technologies for EE 10. Material Conservation Programs including source reduction, ...

  11. High Performance Sustainable Buildings

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Buildings Goal 3: High Performance Sustainable Buildings Maintaining the conditions of a building improves the health of not only the surrounding ecosystems, but also the well-being of its occupants. Energy Conservation» Efficient Water Use & Management» High Performance Sustainable Buildings» Greening Transportation» Green Purchasing & Green Technology» Pollution Prevention» Science Serving Sustainability» ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY GOALS at LANL The Radiological Laboratory

  12. Energy Standards for State Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The State is still required by statute to adopt planning and construction standards for state buildings that conserve energy and optimize the energy performance of new buildings. The standards mu...

  13. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Form Program or Field Office: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program ... diode (LED) retrofits, 4) building retrofits to replace a 50 ton HVAC ...

  14. Coordinating Energy Efficiency With Water Conservation Services

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call Series: Coordinating Energy Efficiency with Water Conservation Services, call slides and discussion summary, September 11, 2014.

  15. Conservation and solar guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1983-01-01

    Guidelines are given for selecting R-values and infiltration levels, and determining the size of the solar collection area for passive solar buildings. The guidelines are based on balancing the incremental cost/benefit of conservation and passive solar strategies. Tables are given for 90 cities in the US and the results are also displayed on maps. An example is included.

  16. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In September 2011 the Nebraska Building Energy Code was updated to the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) standards. As with the previous 2003 IECC standards, which had been in...

  17. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In November of 2015, the Commission adopted the 2015 International Building Code (IBC) with amendments. The Commission did not adopt the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) as part...

  18. Multiple shell fusion targets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindl, J.D.; Bangerter, R.O.

    1975-10-31

    Multiple shell fusion targets for use with electron beam and ion beam implosion systems are described. The multiple shell targets are of the low-power type and use a separate relatively low Z, low density ablator at large radius for the outer shell, which reduces the focusing and power requirements of the implosion system while maintaining reasonable aspect ratios. The targets use a high Z, high density pusher shell placed at a much smaller radius in order to obtain an aspect ratio small enough to protect against fluid instability. Velocity multiplication between these shells further lowers the power requirements. Careful tuning of the power profile and intershell density results in a low entropy implosion which allows breakeven at low powers. For example, with ion beams as a power source, breakeven at 10-20 Terrawatts with 10 MeV alpha particles for imploding a multiple shell target can be accomplished.

  19. Idaho Power - New Building Efficiency Program | Department of...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for lighting controls, HVAC equipment and controls, building shell measures, and energy controlventilation equipment. Incentives are designed to average about half the...

  20. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (DER) solutions for improving the building shell exterior while achieving a cost-reduction goal, including reduced labor costs to reach a 5050 split between material and labor. ...

  1. Draft Environmental Assessment for Proposed Rule, 10 CFR Part 433, Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential BuildingsŽ

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Draft Environmental Assessment for Proposed Rule, 10 CFR Part 433, "Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR Part 435 "Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1778) 2 SUMMARY The U.S.

  2. Evolution of bulk strain solitons in cylindrical inhomogeneous shells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shvartz, A. Samsonov, A.; Dreiden, G.; Semenova, I.

    2015-10-28

    Bulk strain solitary waves in nonlinearly elastic thin-walled cylindrical shells with variable geometrical and physical parameters are studied, and equation for the longitudinal strain component with the variable coefficients is derived. A conservative finite difference scheme is proposed, and the results of numerical simulation of the strain soliton evolution in a shell with the abrupt variations of cross section and physical properties of the material are presented.

  3. Shell Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shell Solar Place: The Hague, Netherlands Zip: 2501 AN Sector: Solar Product: Shell Solar is developing non-crystalline PV technology,...

  4. Better Buildings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Better Buildings Better Buildings Hilton Worldwide and Whole Foods Market energy teams SWAP buildings in San Francisco, CA Hilton Worldwide and Whole Foods Market energy teams SWAP buildings in San Francisco, CA In the Better Buildings Challenge SWAP, brought to you by the U.S. Department of Energy, Hilton Worldwide and Whole Foods Market - two industry giants at the top of their game in energy conservation - swap energy teams to conduct an energy audit and uncover energy savings at each other's

  5. Coastal Conservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diefenderfer, Heida L.

    2014-12-23

    Book review of Coastal Conservation Edited by Brooke Maslo and Julie L. Lockwood Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2014, 382 pages ISBN 978-1-107-60674-6,

  6. Conservation and solar guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1986-01-01

    Guidelines are given for selecting R-values and infiltration levels, and determining the size of the solar collection area for passive solar buildings. The guidelines are based on balancing the incremental cost/benefit of conservation and passive solar strategies. Tables are given for 90 cities in the United States and the results are also displayed on maps. The procedures are developed in an appendix, which gives the cost assumptions used and explains how to develop different guidelines for different costs.

  7. Motor Energy Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple motor inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: High Efficiency Motor retrofit and Cogged V-belts retrofit. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, and building life cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.

  8. Hollow spherical shell manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    O'Holleran, T.P.

    1991-11-26

    A process is disclosed for making a hollow spherical shell of silicate glass composition in which an aqueous suspension of silicate glass particles and an immiscible liquid blowing agent is placed within the hollow spherical cavity of a porous mold. The mold is spun to reduce effective gravity to zero and to center the blowing agent, while being heated so as to vaporize the immiscible liquid and urge the water carrier of the aqueous suspension to migrate into the body of the mold, leaving a green shell compact deposited around the mold cavity. The green shell compact is then removed from the cavity, and is sintered for a time and a temperature sufficient to form a silicate glass shell of substantially homogeneous composition and uniform geometry. 3 figures.

  9. Hollow spherical shell manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    O'Holleran, Thomas P.

    1991-01-01

    A process for making a hollow spherical shell of silicate glass composition in which an aqueous suspension of silicate glass particles and an immiscible liquid blowing agent is placed within the hollow spherical cavity of a porous mold. The mold is spun to reduce effective gravity to zero and to center the blowing agent, while being heated so as to vaporize the immiscible liquid and urge the water carrier of the aqueous suspension to migrate into the body of the mold, leaving a green shell compact deposited around the mold cavity. The green shell compact is then removed from the cavity, and is sintered for a time and a temperature sufficient to form a silicate glass shell of substantially homogeneous composition and uniform geometry.

  10. Fabrication of metal shells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Holleran, T.P.; Henderson, T.M.; Downs, R.L.; Nolen, R.L.

    1980-01-01

    Small hollow metal spheres are needed as targets for particle-beam fusion experiments and as the inner fuel container for multi-shell targets. For the multishell application, shells fabricated of materials with high atomic numbers, e.g., gold, are of particular interest because they may effectively reduce preheating of the fuel. Because the shells must also contain the fuel mixture (deuterium and tritium) at high pressures, high strength materials, e.g., iron, are also of considerable interest. With the objective of proof of principle we have investigated several techniques of fabricating shells of metal or materials containing large fractions of high atomic number elements. These techniques, our experimental results and their evaluation are presented.

  11. A bottom-up engineering estimate of the aggregate heating andcooling loads of the entire U.S. building stock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Yu Joe; Brodrick, Jim

    2000-08-01

    A recently completed project for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Building Equipment combined DOE-2 results for a large set of prototypical commercial and residential buildings with data from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) residential and commercial energy consumption surveys (RECS, CBECS) to estimate the total heating and cooling loads in U.S. buildings attributable to different shell components such as windows, roofs, walls, etc., internal processes, and space-conditioning systems. This information is useful for estimating the national conservation potentials for DOE's research and market transformation activities in building energy efficiency. The prototypical building descriptions and DOE-2 input files were developed from 1986 to 1992 to provide benchmark hourly building loads for the Gas Research Institute (GRI) and include 112 single-family, 66 multi-family, and 481 commercial building prototypes. The DOE study consisted of two distinct tasks : (1) perform DOE-2 simulations for the prototypical buildings and develop methods to extract the heating and cooling loads attributable to the different building components; and (2) estimate the number of buildings or floor area represented by each prototypical building based on EIA survey information. These building stock data were then multiplied by the simulated component loads to derive aggregated totals by region, vintage, and building type. The heating and cooling energy consumption of the national building stock estimated by this bottom-up engineering approach was found to agree reasonably well with estimates from other sources, although significant differences were found for certain end-uses. The main added value from this study, however, is the insight it provides about the contributing factors behind this energy consumption, and what energy savings can be expected from efficiency improvements for different building components by region, vintage, and building type.

  12. Buildings | Buildings | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Index for Commercial Buildings Welcome to the Energy Index for Commercial Buildings. Data for this tool comes from the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). Select categories from the CBECS micro data allow users to search on common building characteristics that impact energy use. Users may select multiple criteria, however if the resulting sample size is too small, the data will be unreliable. If nothing is selected results

  13. Coeur dAlene Tribe Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block...

    Energy Savers

    & Conservation Strategy. 2. Complete energy audits of Tribal buildings. EECBG Progress to Date Continued; - Submitted a preliminary Energy Efficiency & Conservation Strategy ...

  14. Energy Conservation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Goal 1: Energy Conservation LANL strives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to meet and surpass Department of Energy goals. The Lab's goal is to reduce emissions from energy...

  15. Energy Conservation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Goal 1: Energy Conservation LANL strives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to meet and surpass Department of Energy goals. The Lab's goal is to reduce emissions from energy ...

  16. Buildings Sector Working Group

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    July 22, 2013 AEO2014 Model Development For discussion purposes only Not for citation Overview Builldings Working Group Forrestal 2E-069 / July 22, 2013 2 * Residential projects - RECS update - Lighting model - Equipment, shell subsidies - ENERGY STAR benchmarking - Housing stock formation and decay * Commercial projects - Major end-use capacity factors - Hurdle rates - ENERGY STAR buildings * Both sectors - Consumer behavior workshop - Comparisons to STEO - AER  MER - Usual annual updates -

  17. Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Ceiling Fans Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans ceiling fans nopr.pdf (1.68 MB) More ...

  18. AgrometShell | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.hoefsloot.comagrometshell.htm Cost: Free AgrometShell Screenshot References: AgrometShell1 Logo: AgrometShell "Software for...

  19. Commerial Buildings Characteristics, 1995 (Table of Contents...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Number of Buildings and Relative Standard Errors, 1995 Table I.2. Participation in Energy Conservation Programs, Floorspace and Relative Standard Errors, 1995 Table J.1....

  20. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Glossary--Conservation...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    feature consisting of a program of routine inspection and service for heating andor cooling equipment. The inspection is performed on a regular basis, even if there are no...

  1. Stability of charged thin shells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eiroa, Ernesto F.; Simeone, Claudio

    2011-05-15

    In this article we study the mechanical stability of spherically symmetric thin shells with charge, in Einstein-Maxwell and Einstein-Born-Infeld theories. We analyze linearized perturbations preserving the symmetry, for shells around vacuum and shells surrounding noncharged black holes.

  2. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    RSS Read Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program success stories. August ... New Bedford with clean, renewable energy to power its municipally owned buildings. ...

  3. City of Berkeley- Energy Conservation Ordinance

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Berkeley has an ordinance requiring certain energy conservation measures to be installed in residential and commercial properties upon the sale of the building or major renovations over...

  4. Water Conservation Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple water fixture inventory information and calculates the water/energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes water conservation measures for: Low-flow Toilets, Low-flow Urinals, Low-flow Faucets, and Low-flow Showheads. This tool calculates water savings, energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, and building life cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.

  5. Water Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple water fixture inventory information and calculates the water/energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes water conservation measures for: Low-flow Toilets, Low-flow Urinals, Low-flow Faucets, and Low-flow Showheads. This tool calculates water savings, energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, and building life cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits ofmore » a project.« less

  6. Plug Loads Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple plug loads inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: Vending Machine Misers, Delamp Vending Machine, Desktop to Laptop retrofit, CRT to LCD monitors retrofit, Computer Power Management Settings, and Energy Star Refrigerator retrofit. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, building life cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings tomore » investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.« less

  7. Mollusk Shell Nacre Ultrastructure Correlates with Environmental...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mollusk Shell Nacre Ultrastructure Correlates with Environmental Temperature and Pressure Mollusk Shell Nacre Ultrastructure Correlates with Environmental Temperature and Pressure...

  8. Energy Conservation Code Decoded

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, Pam C.; Taylor, Zachary T.

    2006-09-01

    Designing an energy-efficient, affordable, and comfortable home is a lot easier thanks to a slime, easier to read booklet, the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), published in March 2006. States, counties, and cities have begun reviewing the new code as a potential upgrade to their existing codes. Maintained under the public consensus process of the International Code Council, the IECC is designed to do just what its title says: promote the design and construction of energy-efficient homes and commercial buildings. Homes in this case means traditional single-family homes, duplexes, condominiums, and apartment buildings having three or fewer stories. The U.S. Department of Energy, which played a key role in proposing the changes that resulted in the new code, is offering a free training course that covers the residential provisions of the 2006 IECC.

  9. Deduction For Energy-Conserving Investment | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    subsequent spending Summary A taxpayer may deduct a portion of the cost of a capital investment in a building that promotes energy conservation. If the building is a residence, up...

  10. Industrial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Industrial Industrial Manufacturing Buildings Industrialmanufacturing buildings are not considered commercial, but are covered by the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey...

  11. Buildings*","Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane","Other a" "All Buildings* ... Water ......",33,32,6,8,"Q",24,"Q","N" "Propane ......",502,489,179,40,59...

  12. Conservation feebates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collinge, R.A.

    1996-01-01

    Municipal water rates are expected to satisfy three objectives: efficiency, revenue neutrality to the utility, and distributional equity. Unfortunately, adjusting rates to efficiently achieve use and conservation targets would ordinarily generate excessive revenues. Rather than mold one tool to the service of three masters, this article suggests combining three separate tools. The first sets the water rate to cover the utility`s costs. The second assigns customers allotments to water use. The third either charges a fee for use that exceeds the customer`s allotment or hands out rebates for consumption below that allotment. The fees pay for the rebates--thus the term feebate. The outcome is (1) revenues to the utility just sufficient to cover costs, (2) efficient water consumption by municipal water customers without conservation mandates, and (3) revenue effects that can be spread fairly across various categories of customers.

  13. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, L.W.; Rosenfeld, A.H.

    1982-12-01

    Recent accomplishments in buildings energy research by the diverse groups in the Energy Efficient Buildings Program at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) are summarized. We review technological progress in the areas of ventilation and indoor air quality, buildings energy performance, computer modeling, windows, and artificial lighting. The need for actual consumption data to track accurately the improving energy efficiency of buildings is being addressed by the Buildings Energy Data (BED) Group at LBL. We summarize results to date from our Building Energy Use Compilation and Analysis (BECA) studies, which include time trends in the energy consumption of new commercial and new residential buildings, the measured savings being attained by both commercial and residential retrofits, and the cost-effectiveness of buildings energy conservation measures. We also examine recent comparisons of predicted vs. actual energy usage/savings, and present the case for building energy use labels.

  14. Federal Building Metering Guidance Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Federal Building Metering Guidance Overview  Metering is required for electricity, natural gas, steam, and water consumption per * Energy Policy Act of 2005 * National Energy Conservation Policy Act Section 543, as amended (42 U.S.C. § 8253) * Executive Order 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade  Federal Building Metering Guidance issued November 2014 stated the purpose of metering Federal buildings is to collect, analyze, and act on the energy performance data *

  15. Conservative Remapper

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2006-03-31

    Conservative Remapper (CORE) is a C++ language software library for remapping cell masses and cell-averaged densities on unstructured two dimensional grids, maintaining conservation of total mass in the process. CORE contains implementation of two remapping algorithms: a new, efficient "swept region" algorithm, and a more traditional algorithm basedon the computation of cell intersections. Grids may be Cartesian or cylindrical, and cells may have three or more vertices, with no upper limit. CORE can run inmore » serial and in parallel, but in order to achieve wide applicability, CORE used no particular parallel communication library. Instead it achieves parallel communication through strategically placed, user defined callbacks. Users can also provide callbacks to redefine different parts or subcomponents of the remapping process. CORE allows the use of different data types, e.g. single-, double-, and quadruple- precision floating-point numbers, through the use of C++ templates. Using CORE is simple, and requires no configuration scripts or makefiles.« less

  16. Building Technologies Office | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Better Buildings Better Buildings Hilton Worldwide and Whole Foods Market energy teams SWAP buildings in San Francisco, CA Hilton Worldwide and Whole Foods Market energy teams SWAP buildings in San Francisco, CA In the Better Buildings Challenge SWAP, brought to you by the U.S. Department of Energy, Hilton Worldwide and Whole Foods Market - two industry giants at the top of their game in energy conservation - swap energy teams to conduct an energy audit and uncover energy savings at each other's

  17. Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Direct Heating Equipment, Final Determination Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment, Final Determination This document is the ...

  18. Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Part 431 Docket Number EERE-2012-BT-STD-0029 RIN 1904-AC82 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners and Packaged ...

  19. Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    RIN 1904-AD09 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Lamps AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ...

  20. House Simulation Protocols (Building America Benchmark) - Building...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    House Simulation Protocols (Building America Benchmark) - Building America Top Innovation House Simulation Protocols (Building America Benchmark) - Building America Top Innovation ...

  1. Mercantile Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mercantile Characteristics by Activity... Mercantile Mercantile buildings are those used for the sale and display of goods other than food (buildings used for the sales of food are...

  2. Education Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Education Characteristics by Activity... Education Education buildings are buildings used for academic or technical classroom instruction, such as elementary, middle, or high...

  3. Building America Case Study: High Performance Ducts in Hot-Dry...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (EE-5B) Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION Residential; Residential Buildings; ARBI; Building ...

  4. Marin County - Green Building Requirements | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    comply with the prerequisite requirements of LEED New Construction or LEED Core and Shell. Building projects between 5,000 and 49,999 square feet must be certified at the...

  5. Seminar on building codes and standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    A seminar was conducted for state building code officials and state energy officials to discuss the following: status of the states regulatory activities for energy conservation standards for buildings; the development, administration, and enforcement processes for energy conservation standards affecting new construction; lighting and thermal standards for existing buildings; status of the development and implementation of the Title III Program, Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS); and current status of the State Energy Conservation Program. The welcoming address was given by John Wenning and the keynote address was delivered by John Millhone. Four papers presented were: Building Energy Performance Standards Development, James Binkley; Lighting Standards in Existing Buildings, Dorothy Cronheim; Implementation of BEPS, Archie Twitchell; Sanctions for Building Energy Performance Standards, Sue Sicherman.

  6. Rewarding Green: NETL Recognized for Sustainable Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    A new awards program initiated by the U.S. Department of Energy Sustainability Performance Office has recognized a building at the National Energy Technology Laboratory as a high-performance sustainable building — a model of DOE’s five guiding principles for sustainable buildings: integrated design, optimized energy use, water conservation, enhanced indoor environmental quality, and reduced environmental impact of materials.

  7. Foam shell cryogenic ICF target

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Darling, Dale H.

    1987-01-01

    A uniform cryogenic layer of DT fuel is maintained in a fusion target having a low density, small pore size, low Z rigid foam shell saturated with liquid DT fuel. Capillary action prevents gravitational slumping of the fuel layer. The saturated shell may be cooled to produce a solid fuel layer.

  8. Shell Solar India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shell Solar India Place: India Sector: Solar Product: Shell Solar India was created as Shell's solar energy business in India, but has been...

  9. Conservation and solar: working together

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1980-01-01

    A methodology is developed for optimally allocating resources between conservation and solar strategies in building design. Formulas are presented for a constrained optimum in which the initial investment is limited. A global optimum procedure is also described in which life-cycle cost is minimized. The procedure is amenable to hand analysis if tables are available which give the Solar Savings Fraction as a function of the Load Collector Ratio for the locality. A numerical example is given.

  10. Steam System Energy Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple system inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: fixing steam leaks. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, and building life cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.

  11. Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.4 High Performance Buildings

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    1 Case Study, The Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio (Education) Building Design Floor Area: Floors: 2 Footprint: 3 Classrooms (1) 1 Conference Room 1 Adminstration Office Auditorium, 100 seats 6 Small Offices Atrium Wastewater Treatment Facility Shell Windows Material: Green Tint Triple Pane Argon Fill Insulating Glass Grey Tint Double Pane Argon Fill Insulating Glass Fenestration(square feet) Window Wall (2) window/wall l Atrium, Triple Pane (3)

  12. Background to the development process, Automated Residential Energy Standard (ARES) in support of proposed interim energy conservation voluntary performance standards for new non-federal residential buildings: Volume 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-09-01

    This report documents the development and testing of a set of recommendations generated to serve as a primary basis for the Congressionally-mandated residential standard. This report treats only the residential building recommendations.

  13. Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.4 High Performance Buildings

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    2 Case Study, The Cambria Department of Environmental Protection Office Building, Ebensburg, Pennsylvania (Office) Building Design Floor Area: Floors: 2 Open office space (1) File storage area Two small labratories Conference rooms Break room Storage areas Two mechanical rooms Telecom room Shell Windows Material: Triple Pane, low-e with Aluminum Frames and Wood Frames Triple Pane Triple Pane Aluminum Frames Wood Frames U-Factor 0.24 U-Factor 0.26 Wall/Roof Primary Material R-Value Wall :

  14. Cosan Shell JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Cosan & Shell JV Place: Brazil Product: Brazil-based bioethanol manufacturing joint venture. References: Cosan & Shell JV1 This article is a stub. You can...

  15. Buildings*","Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3472,1910,1445,94,27,128 "Building Floorspace"

  16. Optimum rotationally symmetric shells for flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blake, Henry W.

    2000-01-01

    A flywheel rim support formed from two shell halves. Each of the shell halves has a disc connected to the central shaft. A first shell element connects to the disc at an interface. A second shell element connects to the first shell element. The second shell element has a plurality of meridional slits. A cylindrical shell element connects to the second shell element. The cylindrical shell element connects to the inner surface of the flywheel rim. A flywheel rim support having a disc connected an outer diameter of a shaft. Two optimally shaped shell elements connect to the optimally shaped disc at an interface. The interface defines a discontinuity in a meridional slope of said support. A cylindrical shell element connects to the two shell elements. The cylindrical shell element has an outer surface for connecting to the inner surface of the flywheel rim. A flywheel rim casing includes an annular shell connected to the central shaft. The annular shell connects to the flywheel rim. A composite shell surrounds the shaft, annular shell and flywheel rim.

  17. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success Stories |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Energy Efficiency & Conservation Block Grant Program » Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success Stories Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success Stories RSS Read Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program success stories. August 25, 2014 Pictured here is one of the solar arrays that is providing New Bedford with clean, renewable energy to power its municipally owned buildings. This ground-mounted solar array is

  18. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-03-01

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicagoâ??s recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work.

  19. Building America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  20. Suitable thin shell structural configurations for earth sheltered housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behr, R.A.

    1982-01-01

    An earth sheltered house is one whose building envelope is substantially in contact with soil, without necessarily being totally underground. Hence, it can provide the commonly sought attributes of a residence, including natural light, exterior views, and curb appeal. It also exhibits strong energy performance, lower maintenance, and good storm protection. Despite the longer-term life cycle cost advantages of earth sheltered buildings, a current hindrance to the mass market acceptance of earth sheltered housing is higher initial cost which is caused, in part, by the inability of conventional rectilinear structural systems to support economically the massive soil loads imposed on earth covered buildings. In deference to the premise that technical suitability is no guarantee of innovation acceptance in the housing industry, a survey of the nontechnical impediments to housing innovation was first undertaken. These impediment areas include: market inhibition; builder trepidations; industry constraints; and financing problems. As a result of an architectural design program written under contract for the Department of Energy, it was possible to include a rather extensive (but necessarily subjective) evaluation of the architectural potential for earth sheltered shell structures. Engineering suitability dimensions included structural effectiveness, constructability, and economy of construction for single- and double-curvature thin shell structures. Overall engineering suitability and architectural potential are deemed to be adequate, although non-engineering impediments to housing innovation appear to raise significant questions regarding the potential for mass market implementation of thin shell stuctures in earth sheltered housing.

  1. Building technologies

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick

    2014-07-15

    After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

  2. Building technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick

    2014-07-14

    After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

  3. Insulative laser shell coupler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, Phillip A.; Anderson, Andrew T.; Alger, Terry W.

    1994-01-01

    A segmented coaxial laser shell assembly having at least two water jacket sections, two pairs of interconnection half rings, a dialectric break ring, and a pair of threaded ring sections. Each water jacket section with an inner tubular section that defines an inner laser cavity with water paths adjacent to at least a portion of the exterior of the inner tubular section, and mating faces at the end of the water jacket section through which the inner laser cavity opens and which defines at least one water port therethrough in communication with the water jackets. The water paths also define in their external surface a circumferential notch set back from and in close proximity to the mating face. The dielectric break ring has selected thickness and is placed between, and in coaxial alignment with, the mating faces of two of the adjacent water jacket sections. The break ring also defines an inner laser cavity of the same size and shape as the inner laser cavity of the water jacket sections and at least one water passage through the break ring to communicate with at least one water port through the mating faces of the water jacket sections.

  4. Insulative laser shell coupler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, P.A.; Anderson, A.T.; Alger, T.W.

    1994-09-20

    A segmented coaxial laser shell assembly having at least two water jacket sections, two pairs of interconnection half rings, a dielectric break ring, and a pair of threaded ring sections is disclosed. Each water jacket section with an inner tubular section that defines an inner laser cavity with water paths adjacent to at least a portion of the exterior of the inner tubular section, and mating faces at the end of the water jacket section through which the inner laser cavity opens and which defines at least one water port therethrough in communication with the water jackets. The water paths also define in their external surface a circumferential notch set back from and in close proximity to the mating face. The dielectric break ring has selected thickness and is placed between, and in coaxial alignment with, the mating faces of two of the adjacent water jacket sections. The break ring also defines an inner laser cavity of the same size and shape as the inner laser cavity of the water jacket sections and at least one water passage through the break ring to communicate with at least one water port through the mating faces of the water jacket sections. 4 figs.

  5. Beardmore Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Priest River, ID Originally built in 1922 by Charles Beardmore, the building housed offices, mercantile shops, a ballroom and a theater. After decades of neglect under outside ownership, Brian Runberg, an architect and great-grandson of Charles Beardmore, purchased the building in 2006 and began an extensive whole building historic restoration. 05/15/2015 - 10:23

  6. Energy Conservation Standards Activities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Conservation Standards Activities | i Message from the Assistant Secretary I am pleased to provide you with the semi-annual Implementation Report on Energy Conservation ...

  7. ISSUANCE 2015-12-29: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    9: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2015-12-29: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation ...

  8. ISSUANCE 2014-12-31: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    31: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2014-12-31: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation ...

  9. San Diego County- Green Building Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The County of San Diego has a Green Building Incentive Program designed to promote the use of resource efficient construction materials, water conservation and energy efficiency in new and...

  10. Energy conservation in typical Asian countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M.; Rumsey, P.

    1997-06-01

    Various policies and programs have been created to promote energy conservation in Asia. Energy conservation centers, energy conservation standards and labeling, commercial building codes, industrial energy use regulations, and utility demand-side management (DSM) are but a few of them. This article attempts to analyze the roles of these different policies and programs in seven typical Asian countries: China, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand. The conclusions show that the two most important features behind the success policies and programs are (1) government policy support and (2) long-run self-sustainability of financial support to the programs.

  11. Shell Solar GmbH formerly Siemens und Shell Solar GmbH | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    GmbH formerly Siemens und Shell Solar GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shell Solar GmbH (formerly Siemens und Shell Solar GmbH) Place: Munich, Bavaria, Germany Zip: 80807...

  12. Residential Building Energy Analysis

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1990-09-01

    PEAR (Program for Energy Analysis of Residences) provides an easy-to-use and accurate method of estimating the energy and cost savings associated with various energy conservation measures in site-built single-family homes. Measures such as ceiling, wall, and floor insulation; different window type and glazing layers; infiltration levels; and equipment efficiency can be considered. PEAR also allows the user to consider the effects of roof and wall color, movable night insulation on the windows, reflective and heatmore » absorbing glass, an attached sunspace, and use of a night temperature setback. Regression techniques permit adjustments for different building geometries, window areas and orientations, wall construction, and extension of the data to 880 U.S. locations determined by climate parameters. Based on annual energy savings, user-specified costs of conservation measures, fuel, lifetime of measure, loan period, and fuel escalation and interest rates, PEAR calculates two economic indicators; the Simple Payback Period (SPP) and the Savings-to-Investment Ratio (SIR). Energy and cost savings of different sets of conservation measures can be compared in a single run. The program can be used both as a research tool by energy policy analysts and as a method for nontechnical energy calculation by architects, home builders, home owners, and others in the building industry.« less

  13. Laboratory Building.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herrera, Joshua M.

    2015-03-01

    This report is an analysis of the means of egress and life safety requirements for the laboratory building. The building is located at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in Albuquerque, NM. The report includes a prescriptive-based analysis as well as a performance-based analysis. Following the analysis are appendices which contain maps of the laboratory building used throughout the analysis. The top of all the maps is assumed to be north.

  14. BUILDING STRONG

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    WHITE RIVER BASIN COMPREHENSIVE STUDY BUILDING STRONG ® * The Cache River Basin portion of the Watershed Management Plan will be completed in FY15. * Next step will be a watershed assessment for the entire White River Basin and move forward in developing a Comprehensive Watershed Management Plan. CURRENT STATUS BUILDING STRONG ® WATER SUPPLY STORAGE REALLOCATIONS BUILDING STRONG ® M&I Water Supply Reallocation Studies Greers Ferry Lake * Current Study * Request from MAWA for 15.25 mgd

  15. Vacant Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Vacant Characteristics by Activity... Vacant Vacant buildings are those in which more floorspace was vacant than was used for any single commercial activity at the time of the...

  16. Service Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Service Characteristics by Activity... Service Service buildings are those in which some type of service is provided, other than food service or retail sales of goods. Basic...

  17. Other Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Other Characteristics by Activity... Other Other buildings are those that do not fit into any of the specifically named categories. Basic Characteristics See also: Equipment |...

  18. Buildings Database

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Buildings Database Welcome Guest Log In | Register | Contact Us Home About All Projects...

  19. BUILDING STRONG

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BUILDING STRONG ® WATER SUPPLY STORAGE REALLOCATION STUDIES BUILDING STRONG ® Beaver Lake Project Area BUILDING STRONG ® M&I Water Supply Reallocation - Beaver Lake * Current Study - Total Request for 22 mgd (41,960 ac-ft)  Benton Washington in 2000 for 12.0 mgd (22,887.11 ac-ft)  Carroll Boone in 2001 for 6.0 mgd (11,443.66 ac-ft)  Madison County in 2006 for 4.0 mgd (7,629.04 ac-ft) BUILDING STRONG ® M&I Water Supply Reallocation - Beaver Lake Continued. . . * Current Tasks

  20. An Evaluation of Shell GTL Diesel | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    More Documents & Publications Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Shell GTL Fuel Shell ... - Technical Marketing Aspects Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative Diesel

  1. Rigorous HDD Emissions Capabilities of Shell GTL Fuel | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    KB) More Documents & Publications Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative Diesel Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Shell GTL Fuel An Evaluation of Shell GTL ...

  2. Relevance of the second law of thermodynamics to energy conservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    An analysis is presented of the potential relevance of the use of analytical tools based on the Second Law of thermodynamics to existing federal programs for energy conservation in the industrial, transportation, buildings, and utility sectors in the US. (LCL)

  3. EIS-0061: Energy Performance Standards for New Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Conservation and Solar Energy prepared this statement to assess the environmental and socioeconomic implications of implementing the Energy Performance Standard for new buildings, as mandated by Congress in Section 305 of the Energy Conservation Standards for New Buildings Ac t of 1976.

  4. On Closed Shells in Nuclei

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Mayer, M. G.

    1948-02-01

    It has been suggested in the past that special numbers of neutrons or protons in the nucleus form a particularly stable configuration.{sup1} The complete evidence for this has never been summarized, nor is it generally recognized how convincing this evidence is. That 20 neutrons or protons (Ca{sup40}) form a closed shell is predicted by the Hartree model. A number of calculations support this fact.{sup2} These considerations will not be repeated here. In this paper, the experimental facts indicating a particular stability of shells of 50 and 82 protons and of 50, 82, and 126 neutrons will be listed.

  5. The Shell-Model Code NuShellX@MSU

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, B.A.; Rae, W.D.M.

    2014-06-15

    Use of the code NuShellX@MSU is outlined. It connects to the ENSDF data files for automatic comparisons to energy level data. Operator overlaps provide predictions for spectroscopic factors, two-nucleon transfer amplitudes, nuclear moments, gamma decay and beta decay.

  6. Cost and code study of underground buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sterling, R.L.

    1981-01-01

    Various regulatory and financial implications for earth-sheltered houses and buildings are discussed. Earth-sheltered houses are covered in the most detail including discussions of building-code restrictions, HUD Minimum Property Standards, legal aspects, zoning restrictions, taxation, insurance, and home financing. Examples of the initial-cost elements in earth-sheltered houses together with projected life-cycle costs are given and compared to more-conventional energy-conserving houses. For larger-scale underground buildings, further information is given on building code, fire protection, and insurance provisions. Initial-cost information for five large underground buildings is presented together with energy-use information where available.

  7. Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.2 Federal Tax Incentives

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    3 Tax Incentives of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (1) New Homes --Extends tax credits for efficient new homes to December 31, 2009. Envelope Improvements to Existing Homes --Reinstates 10% tax credit for building shell, HVAC and windows to include installations during 2009. Commercial Buildings --Extends tax deductions for efficiency upgrades in commercial buildings to December 31, 2013. Note(s): Source(s): 1) Tax incentives detailed are extensions to incentives found in the

  8. Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in ventilation rate standards for Big Box stores and other commercial buildings in California. Issues related to the ASHRAE 62.1 Indoor Air Quality Procedure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendell, Mark J.; Apte, Mike G.

    2010-10-31

    This report considers the question of whether the California Energy Commission should incorporate the ASHRAE 62.1 ventilation standard into the Title 24 ventilation rate (VR) standards, thus allowing buildings to follow the Indoor Air Quality Procedure. This, in contrast to the current prescriptive standard, allows the option of using ventilation rate as one of several strategies, which might include source reduction and air cleaning, to meet specified targets of indoor air concentrations and occupant acceptability. The research findings reviewed in this report suggest that a revised approach to a ventilation standard for commercial buildings is necessary, because the current prescriptive ASHRAE 62.1 Ventilation Rate Procedure (VRP) apparently does not provide occupants with either sufficiently acceptable or sufficiently healthprotective air quality. One possible solution would be a dramatic increase in the minimum ventilation rates (VRs) prescribed by a VRP. This solution, however, is not feasible for at least three reasons: the current need to reduce energy use rather than increase it further, the problem of polluted outdoor air in many cities, and the apparent limited ability of increasing VRs to reduce all indoor airborne contaminants of concern (per Hodgson (2003)). Any feasible solution is thus likely to include methods of pollutant reduction other than increased outdoor air ventilation; e.g., source reduction or air cleaning. The alternative 62.1 Indoor Air Quality Procedure (IAQP) offers multiple possible benefits in this direction over the VRP, but seems too limited by insufficient specifications and inadequate available data to provide adequate protection for occupants. Ventilation system designers rarely choose to use it, finding it too arbitrary and requiring use of much non-engineering judgment and information that is not readily available. This report suggests strategies to revise the current ASHRAE IAQP to reduce its current limitations. These

  9. Building Energy Codes Rulemaking | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Rulemaking Building Energy Codes Rulemaking Lead Performer: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) - Richland, WA FY16 DOE Funding: $429,082 Project Term: Current - December 31, 2016 Funding Type: Direct Lab Funding PROJECT OBJECTIVE The DOE Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) supports energy efficiency in buildings through the development and implementation of national model codes. DOE is directed by statute to review updated editions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC)

  10. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Direct Appropriations on Federal Buildings Energy Conservation Retrofits and Capital Equipment (2010 Million) FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 Source(s): DOE...

  11. Shell structures for biogas plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sasse, L.

    1982-01-01

    The shell structures designed for biogas plants of the fixed-dome type by the Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association are described. Biogas digesters of the design described have been successfully tested in Rwanda and India without structural or contractural problems.

  12. EIS-0050-S: Commercial and Apartment Conservation Service Program, Supplemental

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Buildings Energy Research and Development prepared this SEIS to analyze the potential environmental impacts resulting from national implementation of the Commercial and Apartment Conservation Service Program. This SEIS is a supplement to DOE/EIS-0050, Residential Conservation Service Program.

  13. Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.4 High Performance Buildings

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    3 Case Study, The Visitor Center at Zion National Park, Utah (Service/Retail/Office) Building Design Vistors Center (1): 8,800 SF Comfort Station (2): 2,756 SF Fee Station: 170 SF Shell Windows Type U-Factor SHGC (3) South/East Glass Double Pane Insulating Glass, Low-e, Aluminum Frames, Thermally Broken 0.44 0.44 North/West Glass Double Pane Insulating Glass, Heat Mirror, Aluminum Frames, Thermally Broken 0.37 0.37 Window/Wall Ratio: 28% Wall/Roof Materials Effective R-Value Trombe Walls:

  14. Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.4 High Performance Buildings

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    4 Case Study, The Philip Merrill Environmental Center, Annapolis, Maryland (Office) Building Design Floor Area: 31,000 SF Floors: 2 Footprint: 220 ft. x (1) 2 Floors of open office space Attached pavilion containing: Meeting space Kitchen Staff dining Conference room Shell Windows U-Factor SHGC (2) Type: Double Pane, Low-e, Argon Filled Insulating Glass 0.244 0.41 Wall/Roof Material Effective R-Value Interior Wall plywood, gypsum, SIP foam, and sheathing 28.0 Exterior Wall gypsum and insulated

  15. Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.4 High Performance Buildings

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    5 Case Study, The Thermal Test Facility, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado (Office/Laboratory) Building Design Floor Area: 10,000 SF Floors(1): 2 Aspect Ratio: 1.75 Offices Laboratories Conference Room Mechanical Level Shell Windows Material U-factor SHGC(2) Viewing Windows: Double Pane, Grey Tint, Low-e 0.42 0.44 Clerestory Windows: Double Pane, Clear, Low-e 0.45 0.65 Window Area(SF) North 38 South(3) 1,134 East 56 West 56 Wall/Roof Material Effective R-Value North Wall

  16. Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.4 High Performance Buildings

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    6 Case Study, The Solaire, New York, New York (Apartments/Multi-Family) Building Design Floor Area: 357,000 SF Units: 293 Maximum Occupancy: 700 Floors: 27 Site Size: 0.38 Acres Typical Occupancy(1): 578 Black-Water Treatment Facility (2) Shell Windows Material: Double Glazed, Low-e, Thermal Breaks with Insulated Spacers Operable Windows Fixed Windows Visual Transminttance 0.68 0.68 Solar Heat Gain Coefficient 0.35 0.35 U-Factor 0.47 0.41 Wall/Roof Material R-Value Exterior Walls: Insulated

  17. Intelligent Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brambley, Michael R.; Armstrong, Peter R.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Pratt, Robert G.; Katipamula, Srinivas

    2001-01-01

    The topic of "intelligent buildings" (IBs) emerged in the early 1980s. Since, the term has been used to represent a variety of related, yet differing topics, each with a slightly different focus and purpose. Wiring and networking-infrastructure companies emphasize the cabling requirements for communication in intelligent buildings and the need to accommodate future needs for higher-speed broadband. Lucent (Lucent 2000) for example, defines an IB as "...one with a completely integrated wiring architecture. A single cabling system that handles all information traffic - voice, data, video, even the big building management systems."

  18. Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 | Department of Energy Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation

  19. Office Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    page, please call 202-586-8800. There were enough buildings in the responding sample to report statistics for all of these types except for research and development, which has...

  20. Lodging Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    were then asked to place the building into the following more specific categories: a hotel a motel, inn, or resort a retirement home a shelter, orphanage, or children's home a...

  1. ISSUANCE 2015-06-17: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    17: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2015-06-17: Energy Conservation Program: ...

  2. ISSUANCE 2015-12-24: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2015-12-24: Energy Conservation ...

  3. ISSUANCE 2015-05-29: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Ovens, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2015-05-29: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for ...

  4. ISSUANCE 2016-03-25: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy Savers

    3-25: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment, Notice of Proposed Determination ISSUANCE 2016-03-25: Energy Conservation Program: ...

  5. ISSUANCE 2015-06-25: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy Savers

    Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fan Light Kits, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2015-06-25: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for ...

  6. 2016-04-19 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards...

    Energy Savers

    9 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Water Heating Equipment Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2016-04-19 Energy Conservation Program: Energy ...

  7. ISSUANCE 2016-02-12: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ISSUANCE 2016-02-12: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Lamps, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2016-02-12: Energy Conservation ...

  8. ISSUANCE 2016-05-06: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2016-05-06: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers, Final Rule This ...

  9. ISSUANCE 2015-10-15: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0-15: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces; Comment Period Reopening ISSUANCE 2015-10-15: Energy Conservation Program: Energy ...

  10. ISSUANCE 2015-01-26: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1-26: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for High-Intensity Lamps, Notice to Reopen Comment Period ISSUANCE 2015-01-26: Energy Conservation Program: Energy ...

  11. ISSUANCE 2016-09-02: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy Savers

    02: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces, Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2016-09-02: Energy Conservation ...

  12. ISSUANCE 2015-06-09: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    9: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Room Air Conditioners; Request for Information ISSUANCE 2015-06-09: Energy Conservation Program: Energy ...

  13. Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange This report ...

  14. Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings This webinar was presented by research team Consortium for Advanced Residential ...

  15. Building America Webinar: High Performance Building Enclosures...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Building America Webinar: High Performance Building Enclosures: Part I, Existing Homes The webinar, presented on May 21, 2014, focused on specific Building America projects that ...

  16. Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link to the summary report and ...

  17. Geology Data Package for the Single-Shell Tank Waste Management Areas at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reidel, Stephen P.; Chamness, Mickie A.

    2007-12-14

    This data package discusses the geology of the single-shell tank (SST) farms and the geologic history of the area. The purpose of this report is to provide the most recent geologic information available for the SST farms. This report builds upon previous reports on the tank farm geology and Integrated Disposal Facility geology with information available after those reports were published.

  18. Geology Data Package for the Single-Shell Tank Waste Management Areas at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reidel, Steve P.; Chamness, Mickie A.

    2007-01-01

    This data package discusses the geology of the single-shell tank (SST) farms and the geologic history of the area. The focus of this report is to provide the most recent geologic information available for the SST farms. This report builds upon previous reports on the tank farm geology and Integrated Disposal Facility geology with information available after those reports were published.

  19. Building Technologies Office Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Roland Risser Director, Building Technologies Office Building Technologies Office Energy Efficiency Starts Here. 2 Building Technologies Office Integrated Approach: Improving ...

  20. conservation | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    conservation NNSA's Pantex Plant recognized for bird conservation The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service's Council for the Conservation of Migratory Birds named NNSA's Pantex Plant one ...

  1. Turbine blade with spar and shell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davies, Daniel O.; Peterson, Ross H.

    2012-04-24

    A turbine blade with a spar and shell construction in which the spar and the shell are both secured within two platform halves. The spar and the shell each include outward extending ledges on the bottom ends that fit within grooves formed on the inner sides of the platform halves to secure the spar and the shell against radial movement when the two platform halves are joined. The shell is also secured to the spar by hooks extending from the shell that slide into grooves formed on the outer surface of the spar. The hooks form a serpentine flow cooling passage between the shell and the spar. The spar includes cooling holes on the lower end in the leading edge region to discharge cooling air supplied through the platform root and into the leading edge cooling channel.

  2. Attempts to Produce D2-Gas-Filled Be Shells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, B; McElfresh, M; Alford, C; Fought, E; Letts, S

    2005-01-14

    We have attempted to fabricate some 0.5 mm diameter D{sub 2}-gas-filled Be shells by coating gas-filled PVA-coated GDP mandrels with Cu-doped Be. We find that during the coating all (or most) of the gas leaks out. This is likely due to either small cracks or holes in the coating that are formed at the earliest points and are maintained during the thickness build-up of the coating, and/or to some level of intrinsic porosity in the coating. This memo documents our efforts.

  3. The shell coal gasification process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenders, L.O.M.; Zuideveld, P.O.

    1995-12-01

    Future Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle (ICGCC) power plants will have superior environmental performance and efficiency. The Shell Coal Gasification Process (SCGP) is a clean coal technology, which can convert a wide range of coals into clean syngas for high efficiency electricity generation in an ICGCC plant. SCGP flexibility has been demonstrated for high-rank bituminous coals to low rank lignites and petroleum coke, and the process is well suited for combined cycle power generation, resulting in efficiencies of 42 to 46% (LHV), depending on choice of coal and gas turbine efficiency. In the Netherlands, a 250 MWe coal gasification combined cycle plant based on Shell technology has been built by Demkolec, a development partnership of the Dutch Electricity Generating Board (N.V. Sep). The construction of the unit was completed end 1993 and is now followed by start-up and a 3 year demonstration period, after that the plant will be part of the Dutch electricity generating system.

  4. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  5. BPA's Eighth Annual Energy Conservation Management Conference : Proceedings.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Energy Conservation Management Conference; United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1981-01-01

    The five-year energy conservation program at Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is described at the conference. An overview of the program is presented. Topics covered in panel discussions include: how utilities can work effectively with weatherization contractors, homebuilders, energy auditors, and weatherization material suppliers; mechanisms for implementing conservation programs in the commercial sector; experiences gained in existing residential weatherization programs; and streamlining relationships between consumers, utilities, and BPA in providing services and getting feedback. The planning, programming, technical assistance, and engineering thrusts of BPA's conservation programs are discussed. Indoor air quality, renewable energy, and the regulator's role in relationships to energy conservation are discussed. Passive solar programs, DOE initiatives in solar and conservation for buildings, conservation potential in the commercial and industrial sectors, and current conservation research and development are also discussed. (MCW)

  6. Emergency petroleum conservation: a review and analysis of selected measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boercker, F.D.; Balasubramaniam, M.; Hull, E.; Savadelis, J.; Valentini, J.J.

    1980-01-01

    ORNL was asked by the Economic Regulatory Administration to (1) collect, screen, and recommend a limited number of emergency measures that might conserve petroleum in residential and commercial buildings and in commercial transportation and (2) provide a detailed analysis of the energy savings and the economic and environmental impacts associated with restricting the hours of operation of commercial buildings. A total of 41 emergency measures were identified that might conserve petroleum, and these were reduced to a list of five that seemed most promising. Analysis of the measure to restrict hours of operation for commercial buildings shows that it might save 4 to 6% of annual commercial building energy use. The type of fuel conserved would vary widely from region to region, and appreciable negative economic impacts would result from implementing the measure.

  7. Energy and Water Conservation Measures for Hanford (2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, Douglas J.; Butner, Ryan S.

    2013-04-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) performed an energy and water evaluation of selected buildings on the Hanford Site during the months of May and June 2012. The audit was performed under the direction of the U.S. Department of Energy, Sustainability Performance Office to identify key energy conservation measures (ECMs) and water conservation measures (WCMs). The evaluations consisted of on-site facility walk-throughs conducted by PNNL staff, interviews with building-operating personnel, and an examination of building designs and layouts. Information on 38 buildings was collected to develop a list of energy and water conservation measures. Table ES.1 is a summary of the ECMs, while table ES.2 is a summary of the WCMs.

  8. BUILDING STRONG

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BUILDING STRONG ® Progress  Engaged with Customers in January 2016  Reached out to USBR on Customer Funding of O&M for Sacramento Projects  Reached out to NWD for the Metrics and gathering of the data  Data Mining 5 years of labor data  Gathered information on past and current staffing of plats 5 BUILDING STRONG ® Delivery dates  Late August 2016- Labor Data and manpower  DRAFT metrics to SWPA- October 2016  Meet with Customer Team- November- December 2016 6

  9. Physics of passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1981-01-01

    Primary emphasis in the paper is on methods of characterizing and analyzing passive solar buildings. Simplifying assumptions are described which make this analysis tractable without compromising significant accuracy or loss of insight into the basic physics of the situation. The overall nature of the mathematical simulation approach is described. Validation procedures based on data from test rooms and monitored buildings are outlined. Issues of thermal comfort are discussed. Simplified methods of analysis based on correlation procedures are reported and the nature of the economic conservation-solar optimization process is explored. Future trends are predicted.

  10. Economic aspects of possible residential heating conservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopkowicz, M.; Szul, A.

    1995-12-31

    The paper presents methods of evaluation of energy and economy related effects of different actions aimed at conservation in residential buildings. It identifies also the method of selecting the most effective way of distribution funds assigned to weatherization as well as necessary improvements to be implemented within the heating node and the internal heating system of the building. The analysis of data gathered for four 11-stories high residential buildings of {open_quotes}Zeran{close_quotes} type being subject of the Conservation Demonstrative Project, included a differentiated scope of weatherization efforts and various actions aimed at system upgrading. Basing upon the discussion of the split of heat losses in a building as well as the established energy savings for numerous options of upgrading works, the main problem has been defined. It consists in optimal distribution of financial means for the discussed measures if the total amount of funds assigned for modifications is defined. The method based upon the principle of relative increments has been suggested. The economical and energy specifications of the building and its components, required for this method have also been elaborated. The application of this method allowed to define the suggested optimal scope of actions within the entire fund assigned for the comprehensive weatherization.

  11. Modelica buildings library

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Wetter, Michael; Zuo, Wangda; Nouidui, Thierry S.; Pang, Xiufeng

    2013-03-13

    This paper describes the Buildings library, a free open-source library that is implemented in Modelica, an equation-based object-oriented modeling language. The library supports rapid prototyping, as well as design and operation of building energy and control systems. First, we describe the scope of the library, which covers HVAC systems, multi-zone heat transfer and multi-zone airflow and contaminant transport. Next, we describe differentiability requirements and address how we implemented them. We describe the class hierarchy that allows implementing component models by extending partial implementations of base models of heat and mass exchangers, and by instantiating basic models for conservation equations andmore » flow resistances. We also describe associated tools for pre- and post-processing, regression tests, co-simulation and real-time data exchange with building automation systems. Furthermore, the paper closes with an example of a chilled water plant, with and without water-side economizer, in which we analyzed the system-level efficiency for different control setpoints.« less

  12. Modelica buildings library

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetter, Michael; Zuo, Wangda; Nouidui, Thierry S.; Pang, Xiufeng

    2013-03-13

    This paper describes the Buildings library, a free open-source library that is implemented in Modelica, an equation-based object-oriented modeling language. The library supports rapid prototyping, as well as design and operation of building energy and control systems. First, we describe the scope of the library, which covers HVAC systems, multi-zone heat transfer and multi-zone airflow and contaminant transport. Next, we describe differentiability requirements and address how we implemented them. We describe the class hierarchy that allows implementing component models by extending partial implementations of base models of heat and mass exchangers, and by instantiating basic models for conservation equations and flow resistances. We also describe associated tools for pre- and post-processing, regression tests, co-simulation and real-time data exchange with building automation systems. Furthermore, the paper closes with an example of a chilled water plant, with and without water-side economizer, in which we analyzed the system-level efficiency for different control setpoints.

  13. Energy Efficient Buildings Hub

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Efficient Buildings HUB Lunch Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  14. Commercial Buildings Consortium

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial Buildings Integration Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  15. Building Technologies Office Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-01

    Building Technologies Office Overview Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  16. Energy Efficient Buildings Hub

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-01

    Energy Efficient Buildings HUB Lunch Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  17. Commercial Building Partnership

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial Buildings Integration Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  18. Building America System Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-01

    Residential Buildings Integration Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  19. Energy Conservation Standards Activities

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Report to Congress August 2014 United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Energy Conservation Standards Activities Report to Congress | Page i Message from the ...

  20. BUILDING STRONG

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BUILDING STRONG ® Communications * Division and District Command level strategic involvement * Increased communication * Refined business processes * Routine bi-weekly meeting of hydropower technical leads * Increased communication * Lessons learned and best practices shared real time on current issues * Strengthened partnership * Strategic meetings * Discussions concerning common work activities developing regional approaches * HDC Partnering * Increased communication * All Districts in SWPA

  1. Mastermind Session: Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Peer Exchange Call: Program Sustainability Mastermind Session, featuring host Brian Driscoll, Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation. Call Slides and Discussion Summary, November 15, 2012. This was the third Peer Exchange Call in the new series on program sustainability. This session was modeled on the “Mastermind" format used at the July 2012 Residential Energy Efficiency Solutions conference. The call focused on generating program sustainability strategy ideas for a particular local program.

  2. Shell boosts recovery at Kernridge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, S.

    1984-01-01

    Since acquiring the Kernridge property in December 1979, Shell Oil Co. has drilled more than 1,800 wells and steadily increased production from 42,000 to 89,000 b/d of oil. Currently, the Kernridge Production Division of Shell California Production Inc. (SCPI), a newly formed subsidiary of Shell Oil Co., is operator for the property. The property covers approximately 35,000 mostly contiguous net acres, with production concentrated mainly on about 5,500 net acres. SCPI's four major fields in the area are the North and South Belridge, Lost Hills, and Antelope Hills. Most of the production comes from the North and South Belridge fields, which were previously held by the Belridge Oil Co. Productive horizons in the fields are the Tulare, Diatomite, Brown Shale, Antelope Shale, 64 Zone, and Agua sand. The Tulare and Diatomite are the two major reservoirs SCPI is developing. The Tulare, encountered between 400 and 1,300 ft, is made up of fine- to coarse-grained, unconsolidated sands with interbedded shales and silt stones and contains 13 /sup 0/ API oil. Using steam drive as the main recovery method, SCPI estimates an ultimate recovery from the Tulare formation of about 60% of the original 1 billion barrels in place. The Diatomite horizon, found between 800 and 3,500 ft and containing light, 28 /sup 0/ API oil, has high porosity (more than 60%), low permeability (less than 1 md), and natural fractures. Because of the Diatomite's low permeability, fracture stimulation is being used to increase well productivity. SCPI anticipates that approximately 5% of the almost 2 billion barrels of oil originally in place will be recovered by primary production.

  3. Boson shells harboring charged black holes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kleihaus, Burkhard; Kunz, Jutta; Laemmerzahl, Claus; List, Meike

    2010-11-15

    We consider boson shells in scalar electrodynamics coupled to Einstein gravity. The interior of the shells can be empty space, or harbor a black hole or a naked singularity. We analyze the properties of these types of solutions and determine their domains of existence. We investigate the energy conditions and present mass formulae for the composite black hole-boson shell systems. We demonstrate that these types of solutions violate black hole uniqueness.

  4. Shell India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Services, Solar Product: Delhi-based subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell having interests in natural gas (LNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), lubricants and bitumen. The firm also...

  5. Material with core-shell structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luhrs, Claudia; Richard, Monique N.; Dehne, Aaron; Phillips, Jonathan; Stamm, Kimber L.; Fanson, Paul T.

    2011-11-15

    Disclosed is a material having a composite particle, the composite particle including an outer shell and a core. The core is made from a lithium alloying material and the outer shell has an inner volume that is greater in size than the core of the lithium alloying material. In some instances, the outer mean diameter of the outer shell is less than 500 nanometers and the core occupies between 5 and 99% of the inner volume. In addition, the outer shell can have an average wall thickness of less than 100 nanometers.

  6. Shell appraising deepwater discovery off Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scherer, M. ); Lambers, E.J.T.; Steffens, G.S. )

    1993-05-10

    Shell International Petroleum Co. Ltd. negotiated a farmout in 1990 from Occidental International Exploration and Production Co. for Block SC-38 in the South China Sea off Palawan, Philippines, following Oxy's discovery of gas in 1989 in a Miocene Nido limestone buildup. Under the terms of the farmout agreement, Shell became operator with a 50% share. Following the disappointing well North Iloc 1, Shell was successful in finding oil and gas in Malampaya 1. Water 700-1,000 m deep, remoteness, and adverse weather conditions have imposed major challenges for offshore operations. The paper describes the tectonic setting; the Nido limestone play; the Malampaya discovery; and Shell's appraisal studies.

  7. Building America Case Study: High Performance Ducts in Hot-Dry...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Office (EE-5B) Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION Residential; Residential Buildings;...

  8. BUILDING STRONG

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    * Project Scope: Replace three turbines, rewind three generators and rehabilitate all cranes, tailrace and intake gates and bulkheads. * Total Project cost: $84.7M ($79.9M customer funded) * Turbine Contract Awarded: February 2008 * Awarded Turbine Contract Amount: $39.3M * Current Turbine Contract Amount: $47.1M * Current Required Completion Date : 5 October 2012 * Anticipated Completion Date: 6 June 2016 Webbers Falls Scope, Cost and Schedule BUILDING STRONG ® Webbers Falls Current Project

  9. BUILDING STRONG

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation Arkansas River Corridor Lake Eufaula Advisory Committee Tenkiller Downstream Fishery Issues DO / Minimum Flows Broken Bow Seasonal Pool Update Cultural Resources Impacts Arkansas River Navigation Improvement BUILDING STRONG ® Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation A new biological opinion is underway and expected to be available in the coming weeks. We expect no change in the Least Tern program resulting from the opinion. The

  10. Nuclear reactor building

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gou, Perng-Fei; Townsend, Harold E.; Barbanti, Giancarlo

    1994-01-01

    A reactor building for enclosing a nuclear reactor includes a containment vessel having a wetwell disposed therein. The wetwell includes inner and outer walls, a floor, and a roof defining a wetwell pool and a suppression chamber disposed thereabove. The wetwell and containment vessel define a drywell surrounding the reactor. A plurality of vents are disposed in the wetwell pool in flow communication with the drywell for channeling into the wetwell pool steam released in the drywell from the reactor during a LOCA for example, for condensing the steam. A shell is disposed inside the wetwell and extends into the wetwell pool to define a dry gap devoid of wetwell water and disposed in flow communication with the suppression chamber. In a preferred embodiment, the wetwell roof is in the form of a slab disposed on spaced apart support beams which define therebetween an auxiliary chamber. The dry gap, and additionally the auxiliary chamber, provide increased volume to the suppression chamber for improving pressure margin.

  11. Nuclear reactor building

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gou, P.F.; Townsend, H.E.; Barbanti, G.

    1994-04-05

    A reactor building for enclosing a nuclear reactor includes a containment vessel having a wetwell disposed therein. The wetwell includes inner and outer walls, a floor, and a roof defining a wetwell pool and a suppression chamber disposed there above. The wetwell and containment vessel define a drywell surrounding the reactor. A plurality of vents are disposed in the wetwell pool in flow communication with the drywell for channeling into the wetwell pool steam released in the drywell from the reactor during a LOCA for example, for condensing the steam. A shell is disposed inside the wetwell and extends into the wetwell pool to define a dry gap devoid of wetwell water and disposed in flow communication with the suppression chamber. In a preferred embodiment, the wetwell roof is in the form of a slab disposed on spaced apart support beams which define there between an auxiliary chamber. The dry gap, and additionally the auxiliary chamber, provide increased volume to the suppression chamber for improving pressure margin. 4 figures.

  12. Apparatus and methods for installing, removing and adjusting an inner turbine shell section relative to an outer turbine shell section

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leach, David; Bergendahl, Peter Allen; Waldo, Stuart Forrest; Smith, Robert Leroy; Phelps, Robert Kim

    2001-01-01

    A turbine includes upper and lower inner shell sections mounting the nozzles and shrouds and which inner shell is supported by pins secured to a surrounding outer shell. To disassemble the turbine for access to the inner shell sections and rotor, an alignment fixture is secured to the lower outer shell section and has pins engaging the inner shell section. To disassemble the turbine, the inner shell weight is transferred to the lower outer shell section via the alignment fixture and cradle pins. Roller assemblies are inserted through access openings vacated by support pins to permit rotation of the lower inner shell section out of and into the lower outer shell section during disassembly and assembly. The alignment fixture includes adjusting rods for adjusting the inner shell axially, vertically, laterally and about a lateral axis. A roller over-cage is provided to rotate the inner shell and a dummy shell to facilitate assembly and disassembly in the field.

  13. Phase 1 RCRA Facility Investigation and Corrective Measures Study Work Plan for Single Shell Tank Waste Management Areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ROGERS, P.M.

    2000-06-01

    This document is the master work plan for the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) for single-shell tank (SST) farms at the Hanford Site. Evidence indicates that releases at four of the seven SST waste management areas have impacted.

  14. Building America Building Science Translator

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Building Science Translator February 2015 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, subcontractors, or affliated partners, make any warranty, express or implied, or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represent that its use

  15. Btu)","per Building

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)","Floorspace (million square feet)","Floorspace per Building (thousand square feet)","Total (trillion Btu)","per Building (million Btu)","per...

  16. Building Energy Code

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Rhode Island Building Code Standards Committee adopts, promulgates and administers the state building code. Compliance is determined through the building permit and inspection process by local...

  17. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption SurveyCommercial Buildings Characteristics Released: May 2002 Topics: Energy...

  18. US Army Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Clarence Cannon Dam & Mark Twain Lake Dissolved Oxygen Update USACE St. Louis District Clarence Cannon Dam & Mark Twain Lake 23 June 2016 BUILDING STRONG ® Operational Objective  Maintain D.O. concentrations in the re- regulation pool at 5 milligrams per liter or greater as much as possible.  D.O. monitoring program and plan is a cooperative effort between MVS, Missouri Dept. of Conservation, Missouri Dept. Natural Resources and SWPA BUILDING STRONG ® Operational Objective 

  19. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Conservation Training Center,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Shepherdstown, West Virginia | Department of Energy Fish and Wildlife Service National Conservation Training Center, Shepherdstown, West Virginia U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Conservation Training Center, Shepherdstown, West Virginia Photo of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Conservation Training Center Shepherdstown, West Virginia, is the home of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) National Conservation Training Center (NCTC). The 500-acre site includes 16 buildings

  20. Thick-shell nanocrystal quantum dots

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollingsworth, Jennifer A.; Chen, Yongfen; Klimov, Victor I.; Htoon, Han; Vela, Javier

    2011-05-03

    Colloidal nanocrystal quantum dots comprising an inner core having an average diameter of at least 1.5 nm and an outer shell, where said outer shell comprises multiple monolayers, wherein at least 30% of the quantum dots have an on-time fraction of 0.80 or greater under continuous excitation conditions for a period of time of at least 10 minutes.

  1. Building Technologies Program: Building America Publications

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and existing homes provided by the Building America Program.You may also visit the new Solution Center to find expert building science and energy efficiency resources. RSS...

  2. Office Buildings - Types of Office Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    administration building Insurance company headquarters building Local insurance agency Social services office Attorney's office Real estate sales office Government office State...

  3. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Building Size

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Top Return to: "1999 CBECS-Commercial Buildings Characteristics" Specific questions...

  4. Buildings Interoperability Planning: Connected Buildings Interoperabil...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Vision Context Steve Widergren PNNL 11 March 2015 Topics Purpose of meeting Buildings automation in the transformative time of connectivity Interoperability - a connected buildings...

  5. Material Balance Assessment for Double-Shell Tank Waste Pipeline Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Onishi, Yasuo; Wells, Beric E.; Hartley, Stacey A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; White, Mike

    2002-10-30

    PNNL developed a material balance assessment methodology based on conservation of mass for detecting leaks and mis-routings in pipeline transfer of double-shell tank waste at Hanford. The main factors causing uncertainty in these transfers are variable property and tank conditions of density, existence of crust, and surface disturbance due to mixer pump operation during the waste transfer. The methodology was applied to three waste transfers from Tanks AN-105 and AZ-102.

  6. Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Shell GTL Fuel | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    An Evaluation of Shell GTL Diesel Shell Gas to Liquids in the context of a Future Fuel Strategy - Technical Marketing Aspects Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative ...

  7. Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy Ceiling Fans Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans ceiling fans nopr.pdf (1.68 MB) More Documents & Publications Energy Conservation Program: Final Rule; Test Procedures for Ceiling Fans ISSUANCE 2015-05-26: Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Ceiling Fans, Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rule 2014-09-19 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test

  8. ISSUANCE 2016-05-06: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Standards for Battery Chargers, Final Rule | Department of Energy Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2016-05-06: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers, Final Rule This document is the Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers, Final Rule. Battery Chargers Final Rule.pdf (1.35 MB) More Documents & Publications ISSUANCE 2015-07-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy

  9. Howard County- High Performance and Green Building Property Tax Credit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The state of Maryland permits local governments (Md Code: Property Tax § 9-242) to offer property tax credits for high performance buildings and energy conservation devices (Md Code: Property Tax §...

  10. Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems Henze, G. P.; Pavlak, G. S.; Florita, A. R.; Dodier, R. H.; Hirsch, A. I. 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND...

  11. Community Conservation Challenge

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Indiana Office of Energy Development (OED) is offering grants under the CCC  program. Non-residential entities may apply to receive $25,000-$100,000 for community energy conservation projects...

  12. Energy Conservation Loan

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Loans for large residential properties are available through the Multi-Family Energy Conservation Loan Program. The terms of this loan are similar to loans for single-family dwellings, with a hig...

  13. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides an in-depth description of qualified energy conservation bonds, including process and mechanics, case studies, utilization trends, barriers, and regulatory and legal issues. Author: Energy Programs Consortium

  14. Health effects associated with energy conservation measures in commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenner, R.D.; Baechler, M.C.

    1990-09-01

    Indoor air quality can conceivably be impacted by hundreds of different chemicals. More than 900 different organic compounds alone have been identified in indoor air. The health effects that could potentially arise from exposure to individual pollutants or mixtures of pollutants cover the full range of acute and chronic effects, including largely reversible responses, such as rashes and irritations, as well as irreversible toxic and carcinogenic effects. These indoor contaminants are emitted from a large variety of materials and substances that are widespread components of everyday life. Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a search of the peer-reviewed literature on health effects associated with indoor air contaminants for the Bonneville Power Administration to aid the agency in the preparation of environmental documents. The results of this search are reported in two volumes. Volume 1 is a summary of the results of the literature search; Volume 2 is the complete results of the literature search and contains all references to the material reviewed. 16 tabs.

  15. Conservation of Energy and Water Use in State Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Senate Bill 668 of 2007 and Senate Bill 1946 of 2008 established several policies which will reduce the amount of energy, water and other resources consumed by the State government in their...

  16. ISSUANCE 2015-06-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ISSUANCE 2015-06-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners and Packaged Terminal Heat Pumps, Final Rule ISSUANCE...

  17. 2014-10-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps, Request for Information 2014-10-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program: Energy...

  18. Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Number EERE-2014-BT-STD-0027 RIN: 1904-AD31 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves AGENCY: ...

  19. ISSUANCE 2015-07-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2015-07-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Beverage ...

  20. ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. dishwashersnopr.pdf (935.46 KB) More Documents & Publications Energy Conservation Standards ...

  1. ISSUANCE 2015-8-28: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    8-28: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Single Package Vertical Air Conditioners and Single Package Vertical Heat Pumps, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2015-8-28: ...

  2. ISSUANCE 2016-08-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Cooler and Freezer Refrigeration Systems, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2016-08-30: Energy ...

  3. ISSUANCE 2016-10-07: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    10-07: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Lamps, Notice of proposed definition and data availability ISSUANCE 2016-10-07: Energy ...

  4. ISSUANCE 2015-07-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications ISSUANCE 2016-05-06: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2016-05-06: Energy ...

  5. ISSUANCE 2016-08-16 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    6 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Cooking Products; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (SNOPR) ISSUANCE 2016-08-16 ...

  6. ISSUANCE 2015-06-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    6-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners and Packaged Terminal Heat Pumps, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2015-06-30: Energy ...

  7. 2015-12-30 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Boilers Final Rule Residential Boilers Final Rule.pdf (1.98 MB) More Documents & Publications Energy Conservation Program: Energy ...

  8. Energy Conservation Standards Activities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Report to Congress August 2014 United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Energy Conservation Standards Activities Report to Congress | Page i Message from the Assistant Secretary I am pleased to provide you with the semi-annual Implementation Report on Energy Conservation Standards Activities of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This report meets the requirements of Section 141 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) and Sections 305 and 321 of the Energy Independence and

  9. 1999 Commercial Building Characteristics--Building Activity Comparison

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Building Activity Comparison Percentage of Floorspace and Buildings by Principal Building Activity, 1999 Percentage of Floorspace and Buildings by Principal Building Activity,...

  10. BSC: Building America, Building Science Consortium - 2015 Peer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    BSC: Building America, Building Science Consortium - 2015 Peer Review BSC: Building America, Building Science Consortium - 2015 Peer Review Presenter: Joe Lstiburek, Building ...

  11. Multimetallic Core/Interlayer/Shell Nanostructures as Advanced...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Multimetallic CoreInterlayerShell Nanostructures as Advanced Electrocatalysts Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Multimetallic CoreInterlayerShell Nanostructures as ...

  12. Buildings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    influence a building, including incentives, utilities, weather, climate, and locationground temperature. Municipalities and Renewable Energy Opportunities Building...

  13. Building Envelope Stakeholder Workshop

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory is hosting a building envelope stakeholder workshop on behalf of the DOE Building Technologies Office.

  14. Commercial Buildings Integration Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... * ISO 50001: Conformant Energy Management Systems * Small Building Energy Management * BEM Library * Financing Turnkey Energy Efficiency Solutions * Whole Building Energy ...

  15. Conservation and Renewable Energy Program: Bibliography, 1988 edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaughan, K.H.

    1988-04-01

    The 831 references covering the period 1980 through Feb. 1988, are arranged under the following: analysis and evaluation, building equipment, building thermal envelope systems and materials, community systems and cogeneration, residential conservation service, retrofit, advanced heat engine ceramics, alternative fuels, microemulsion fuels, industrial chemical heat pumps, materials for waste heat utilization, energy conversion and utilization materials, tribology, emergency energy conservation,inventions, electric energy systems, thermal storage, biofuels production, biotechnology, solar technology, geothermal, and continuous chromatography in multicomponent separations. An author index is included.

  16. USDA Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) provides financial and technical assistance to help conserve agricultural lands, wetlands, and their related benefits.

  17. Implementation Report: Energy Conservation Activities

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Act of 2005 EPCA - Energy Policy and Conservation Act HID - High-Intensity Discharge ... to comply with statutory deadlines for new or amended energy conservation standards. ...

  18. Water Conservation | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Water Conservation Water Conservation Mission The team facilitates the reduction of water consumption intensity at LM sites, as deemed appropriate for LM operations and approved by ...

  19. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-03-31

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work. The new green building houses the hospital's Family Medicine Residency Program and Specialty Medical Offices. The residency program has been vital in attracting new, young physicians to this medically underserved area. The new outpatient center will also help to allure needed medical providers to the community. The facility also has areas designated to women's health and community education. The Community Education Conference Room will provide learning opportunities to area residents. Emphasis will be placed on conserving resources and protecting our environment, as well as providing information on healthcare access and preventive medicine. The new Medical Office Building was constructed with numerous energy saving features. The exterior cladding of the building is an innovative, locally-manufactured precast concrete panel system with integral insulation that achieves an R-value in excess of building code requirements. The roof is a 'green roof' covered by native plantings, lessening the impact solar heat gain on the building, and reducing air conditioning requirements. The windows are low-E, tinted, and insulated to reduce cooling requirements in summer and heating requirements in winter. The main entrance has an air lock to prevent unconditioned air from entering the building and impacting interior air temperatures. Since much of the traffic in and out of the office building comes from the adjacent Jackson Park Hospital, a pedestrian bridge connects the two buildings, further

  20. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: BetterBuildings Lowell Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heslin, Thomas

    2014-01-31

    Historic Board, which has jurisdiction in the NHP. The Historic Board was cooperative with any exterior renovations as long as they were not changing the existing aesthetics of the property. If we were replacing a rooftop condenser it needed to be placed where the existing rooftop condenser was located. Receiving proper approval from the Historic Board for any external energy conservation measures was known by all the participating contractors. One area of the retrofits that was contentious regarded venting of the new HVAC equipment. Installing external stacks was not allowed so the contractors had to negotiate with the Historic Board regarding the proper way to vent the equipment that met the needs mechanically and aesthetically. Overall BetterBuildings Lowell was successful at implementing energy and cost saving measures into 31 commercial properties located within the NHP. The 31 retrofits had 1,554,768 square feet of commercial and multifamily housing and a total predicted energy savings exceeding 22,869 a year. Overall the City of Lowell achieved its target goals and is satisfied with the accomplishments of the BetterBuildings program. The City will continue to pursue energy efficient programs and projects.

  1. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey - Office Buildings

    Reports and Publications

    2010-01-01

    Provides an in-depth look at this building type as reported in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Office buildings are the most common type of commercial building and they consumed more than 17% of all energy in the commercial buildings sector in 2003. This special report provides characteristics and energy consumption data by type of office building (e.g. administrative office, government office, medical office) and information on some of the types of equipment found in office buildings: heating and cooling equipment, computers, servers, printers, and photocopiers.

  2. Energy Savings Performance Contracts ENABLE: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Contracts ENABLE: Energy Conservation Measures Summary Energy Savings Performance Contracts ENABLE: Energy Conservation Measures Summary Presentation summarizes energy conservation ...

  3. HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK (DST) THERMAL & SEISMIC PROJECT SEISMIC ANALYSIS OF HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MACKEY, T.C.

    2006-03-17

    M&D Professional Services, Inc. (M&D) is under subcontract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to perform seismic analysis of the Hanford Site double-shell tanks (DSTs) in support of a project entitled ''Double-Shell Tank (DSV Integrity Project--DST Thermal and Seismic Analyses)''. The overall scope of the project is to complete an up-to-date comprehensive analysis of record of the DST system at Hanford in support of Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-48-14, The work described herein was performed in support of the seismic analysis of the DSTs. The thermal and operating loads analysis of the DSTs is documented in Rinker et al. (2004). The work statement provided to M&D (PNNL 2003) required that the seismic analysis of the DSTs assess the impacts of potentially non-conservative assumptions in previous analyses and account for the additional soil mass due to the as-found soil density increase, the effects of material degradation, additional thermal profiles applied to the full structure including the soil-structure response with the footings, the non-rigid (low frequency) response of the tank roof, the asymmetric seismic-induced soil loading, the structural discontinuity between the concrete tank wall and the support footing and the sloshing of the tank waste. The seismic analysis considers the interaction of the tank with the surrounding soil and the effects of the primary tank contents. The DSTs and the surrounding soil are modeled as a system of finite elements. The depth and width of the soil incorporated into the analysis model are sufficient to obtain appropriately accurate analytical results. The analyses required to support the work statement differ from previous analysis of the DSTs in that the soil-structure interaction (SSI) model includes several (nonlinear) contact surfaces in the tank structure, and the contained waste must be modeled explicitly in order to capture the fluid-structure interaction behavior between the primary tank and contained

  4. Army energy conservation programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchinson, R.L.

    1983-06-01

    The Energy Engineering Analysis Program (EEAP) has been instrumented to reduce Army energy consumption by 20 percent by FY 1985. EEAP surveys and identifies high energy users, analyzes and applies conservation technologies, and submits a study report to the Director of Engineering and Housing. The Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP), which retrofits existing facilities with insulation, and monitoring systems, is the foundation of EEAP. The Energy Conservation and Management Plan (ECAM) is designed to do for GOCO's (government owned, contractor operated plants) what ECIP does for army plants. A few specific conversion projects are listed. An energy awareness program includes seminars, workshops, displays, and brochures. The Facilities Energy RDTandS program insures that the Army will be able to rapidly utilize the latest state-of-the-art energy technology.

  5. ISSUANCE 2016-08-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Standards for Walk-In Cooler and Freezer Refrigeration Systems, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking | Department of Energy 30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Cooler and Freezer Refrigeration Systems, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2016-08-30: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Cooler and Freezer Refrigeration Systems, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking This document is the Energy Conservation Program: Energy

  6. Doyle Conservation Center (DCC)

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Leominster, MA Built on a 50-acre reservation in Leominster, the Doyle Conservation Center (DCC) houses core Trustees staff and serves as a central training facility that showcases the organization's conservation activities. The DCC's LEED Gold rating reflects the mission of the Trustees of Reservations, which is "To preserve, for public use and enjoyment, properties of exceptional scenic, historic, and ecological value in Massachusetts." The DCC is accessible to the public and is often rented out by various groups and organizations. 11/19/2014 - 17:58

  7. Energy Conservation Contract (4 activities)

    Education Teach & Learn

    Students learn about saving energy and encourage their families to conserve by completing the following activities

  8. Java Expert System Shell Version 6.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2002-06-18

    Java Expert Shell System - Jess - is a rule engine and scripting environment written entirely in Sun's Java language, Jess was orginially inspired by the CLIPS expert system shell, but has grown int a complete, distinct JAVA-influenced environment of its own. Using Jess, you can build Java applets and applications that have the capacity to "reason" using knowledge you supply in the form of declarative rules. Jess is surprisingly fast, and for some problemsmore » is faster than CLIPS, in that many Jess scripts are valid CLIPS scripts and vice-versa. Like CLIPS, Jess uses the Rete algorithm to process rules, a very efficient mechanism for solving the difficult many-to-many matching problem. Jess adds many features to CLIPS, including backwards chaining and the ability to manipulate and directly reason about Java objects. Jess is also a powerful Java scripting environment, from which you can create Java objects and call Java methods without compiling any Java Code.« less

  9. Building America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31

    Builders generally use a 'spec and purchase' business management system (BMS) when implementing energy efficiency. A BMS is the overall operational and organizational systems and strategies that a builder uses to set up and run its company. This type of BMS treats building performance as a simple technology swap (e.g. a tank water heater to a tankless water heater) and typically compartmentalizes energy efficiency within one or two groups in the organization (e.g. purchasing and construction). While certain tools, such as details, checklists, and scopes of work, can assist builders in managing the quality of the construction of higher performance homes, they do nothing to address the underlying operational strategies and issues related to change management that builders face when they make high performance homes a core part of their mission. To achieve the systems integration necessary for attaining 40% + levels of energy efficiency, while capturing the cost tradeoffs, builders must use a 'systems approach' BMS, rather than a 'spec and purchase' BMS. The following attributes are inherent in a systems approach BMS; they are also generally seen in quality management systems (QMS), such as the National Housing Quality Certification program: Cultural and corporate alignment, Clear intent for quality and performance, Increased collaboration across internal and external teams, Better communication practices and systems, Disciplined approach to quality control, Measurement and verification of performance, Continuous feedback and improvement, and Whole house integrated design and specification.

  10. Sensitivity and Uncertainty Analysis Shell

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1999-04-20

    SUNS (Sensitivity and Uncertainty Analysis Shell) is a 32-bit application that runs under Windows 95/98 and Windows NT. It is designed to aid in statistical analyses for a broad range of applications. The class of problems for which SUNS is suitable is generally defined by two requirements: 1. A computer code is developed or acquired that models some processes for which input is uncertain and the user is interested in statistical analysis of the outputmore » of that code. 2. The statistical analysis of interest can be accomplished using the Monte Carlo analysis. The implementation then requires that the user identify which input to the process model is to be manipulated for statistical analysis. With this information, the changes required to loosely couple SUNS with the process model can be completed. SUNS is then used to generate the required statistical sample and the user-supplied process model analyses the sample. The SUNS post processor displays statistical results from any existing file that contains sampled input and output values.« less

  11. Energy consumption series: Lighting in commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-03-11

    Lighting represents a substantial fraction of commercial electricity consumption. A wide range of initiatives in the Department of Energy`s (DOE) National Energy Strategy have focused on commercial lighting as a potential source of energy conservation. This report provides a statistical profile of commercial lighting, to examine the potential for lighting energy conservation in commercial buildings. The principal conclusion from this analysis is that energy use for lighting could be reduced by as much as a factor of four using currently available technology. The analysis is based primarily on the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) 1986 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). The more recent 1989 survey had less detail on lighting, for budget reasons. While changes have occurred in the commercial building stock since 1986, the relationships identified by this analysis are expected to remain generally valid. In addition, the analytic approach developed here can be applied to the data that will be collected in the 1992 CBECS.

  12. Nuclear Quadrupole Moments and Nuclear Shell Structure

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Townes, C. H.; Foley, H. M.; Low, W.

    1950-06-23

    Describes a simple model, based on nuclear shell considerations, which leads to the proper behavior of known nuclear quadrupole moments, although predictions of the magnitudes of some quadrupole moments are seriously in error.

  13. Single Shell Tank (SST) Program Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HAASS, C.C.

    2000-03-21

    This document provides an initial program plan for retrieval of the single-shell tank waste. Requirements, technical approach, schedule, organization, management, and cost and funding are discussed. The program plan will be refined and updated in fiscal year 2000.

  14. Wireless energy transfer between anisotropic metamaterials shells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daz-Rubio, Ana; Carbonell, Jorge; Snchez-Dehesa, Jos

    2014-06-15

    The behavior of strongly coupled Radial Photonic Crystals shells is investigated as a potential alternative to transfer electromagnetic energy wirelessly. These sub-wavelength resonant microstructures, which are based on anisotropic metamaterials, can produce efficient coupling phenomena due to their high quality factor. A configuration of selected constitutive parameters (permittivity and permeability) is analyzed in terms of its resonant characteristics. The coupling to loss ratio between two coupled resonators is calculated as a function of distance, the maximum (in excess of 300) is obtained when the shells are separated by three times their radius. Under practical conditions an 83% of maximum power transfer has been also estimated. -- Highlights: Anisotropic metamaterial shells exhibit high quality factors and sub-wavelength size. Exchange of electromagnetic energy between shells with high efficiency is analyzed. Strong coupling is supported with high wireless transfer efficiency. End-to-end energy transfer efficiencies higher than 83% can be predicted.

  15. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    1 Energy Policy Act of 2005, Provisions Affecting Energy Consumption in Federal Buildings Source(s): Energy Management Requirements - Amended reduction goals set by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, and requires increasing percentage reductions in energy consumption through FY 2015, with a final energy consumption reduction goal of 20 percent savings in FY 2015, as compared to the baseline energy consumption of Federal buildings in FY 2003. (These goals were superseded by Section 431

  16. Single-Shell Tank Evaluations - Hanford Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Single-Shell Tank Evaluations Documents Documents Hanford Site Cleanup Completion Framework Tri-Party Agreement Freedom of Information and Privacy Act Hanford Site Budget Hanford Site Safety Standards DOE - ORP Contracts/Procurements DOE - RL Contracts/Procurements Integrated Waste Feed Delivery Plan Single-Shell Tank Evaluations Deep Vadose Zone 100-F RI/FS 100-D/H Operable Units RI/FS Sitewide Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis Environmental Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text

  17. Double shell tank waste analysis plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulkey, C.H.; Jones, J.M.

    1994-12-15

    Waste analysis plan for the double shell tanks. SD-WM-EV-053 is Superseding SD-WM-EV-057.This document provides the plan for obtaining information needed for the safe waste handling and storage of waste in the Double Shell Tank Systems. In Particular it addresses analysis necessary to manage waste according to Washington Administrative Code 173-303 and Title 40, parts 264 and 265 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

  18. Trapping of intense light in hollow shell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luan, Shixia; Yu, Wei; Yu, M. Y.; Weng, Suming; Wang, Jingwei; Xu, Han; Zhuo, Hongbin; Wong, A. Y.

    2015-09-15

    A small hollow shell for trapping laser light is proposed. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation shows that under appropriate laser and plasma conditions a part of the radiation fields of an intense short laser pulse can enter the cavity of a small shell through an over-critical density plasma in an adjacent guide channel and become trapped. The trapped light evolves into a circulating radial wave pattern until its energy is dissipated.

  19. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity With Data for March 2016 | Release Date: May 31, 2016 | Next Release Date: November 30, 2016 Previous Issues Year: March 2016 September 2015 March 2015 September 2014 March 2014 September 2013 March 2013 September 2012 March 2012 September 2011 March 2011 September 2010 Go Containing storage capacity data for crude oil, petroleum products, and selected biofuels. The report includes tables detailing working and net available shell storage capacity

  20. Conserving Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Assurance » Emergency Preparedness » Community Guidelines » Conserving Energy Conserving Energy Conserving Energy During an energy emergency, customers can reduce stress on infrastructure by conserving energy. This will help you and your community recover more quickly. Officials can ask the public to conserve energy, including: Cutting back on driving, using public transportation, and telecommuting when possible; Refraining from using non-essential lights and appliances, especially

  1. Overview of energy-conservation research opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopp, W.J.; Hauser, S.G.; Hane, G.J.; Gurwell, W.E.; Bird, S.P.; Cliff, W.C.; Williford, R.E.; Williams, T.A.; Ashton, W.B.

    1981-12-01

    This document is a study of research opportunities that are important to developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use. The study's purpose is to describe a wide array of attractive technical areas from which specific research and development programs could be implemented. Research areas are presented for potential application in each of the major end-use sectors. The study develops and applies a systematic approach to identifying and screening applied energy conservation research opportunities. To broadly cover the energy end-use sectors, this study develops useful information relating to the areas where federally-funded applied research will most likely play an important role in promoting energy conservation. This study is not designed to produce a detailed agenda of specific recommended research activities. The general information presented allows uniform comparisons of disparate research areas and as such provides the basis for formulating a cost-effective, comprehensive federal-applied energy conservation research strategy. Chapter 2 discusses the various methodologies that have been used in the past to identify research opportunities and details the approach used here. In Chapters 3, 4, and 5 the methodology is applied to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors and the opportunities for applied research in these sectors are discussed.Chapter 6 synthesizes the results of the previous three chapters to give a comprehensive picture of applied energy conservation research opportunities across all end-use sectors and presents the conclusions to the report.

  2. A compendium of energy conservation success stories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-09-01

    Three-quarters of DOE's Conservation R and D funds have been devoted to technology research and development: basic and applied research, exploratory R and D, engineering feasibility studies, pilot-scale prototype R and D, and technology demonstration. Non R and D projects have involved technology assessment program planning and analysis, model development, technology transfer and consumer information, health effects and safety research, and technical support for rule making. The success stories summarized in this compendium fall into three general categories: Completed Technology Success Stories, projects that have resulted in new energy-saving technologies that are presently being used in the private sector; Technical Success Stories, projects that have produced or disseminated important scientific/technical information likely to result in future energy savings; Program Success Stories, non-R and D activities that have resulted in nationally significant energy benefits. The Energy Conservation research and development program at DOE is managed by the Office of Conservation under the direction of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conservation. Three subordinate Program Offices correspond to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors. A fourth subordinate Program Office/endash/Energy Utilization Research/endash/sponsors research and technical inventions for all end-use sectors.

  3. A Compendium of Energy Conservation Success Stories

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    1988-09-01

    Three-quarters of DOE's Conservation R and D funds have been devoted to technology research and development: basic and applied research, exploratory R and D, engineering feasibility studies, pilot-scale prototype R and D, and technology demonstration. Non R and D projects have involved technology assessment program planning and analysis, model development, technology transfer and consumer information, health effects and safety research, and technical support for rule making. The success stories summarized in this compendium fall into three general categories: Completed Technology Success Stories, projects that have resulted in new energy-saving technologies that are presently being used in the private sector; Technical Success Stories, projects that have produced or disseminated important scientific/technical information likely to result in future energy savings; Program Success Stories, non-R and D activities that have resulted in nationally significant energy benefits. The Energy Conservation research and development program at DOE is managed by the Office of Conservation under the direction of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conservation. Three subordinate Program Offices correspond to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors. A fourth subordinate Program Office{endash}Energy Utilization Research{endash}sponsors research and technical inventions for all end-use sectors.

  4. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1990-10-01

    This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

  5. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

  6. Compare Activities by Energy Conservation

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled. Source: Energy Information Administration, 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Top Percent of...

  7. set2.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Building Shell Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Multipaned Windows ... HVAC Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Variable Air-Volume System ...

  8. set6.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Building Shell Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Multipaned Windows ... HVAC Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Variable Air-Volume System ...

  9. set4.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Lighting Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Specular Reflectors ... Building Shell Conservation Features (more than one may apply) Multipaned Windows ...

  10. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    File 4: Building Shell, Equipment, Energy Audits, and "Ohter" Conservation Features ... Equipment, Energy Audits, and "Other" Conservation Features (cb86f04.csv) (continued) ...

  11. Local Option- Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Conservation Devices

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Title 9 of Maryland’s property tax code provides local governments the option to allow a property tax credit for buildings equipped with a solar, geothermal or qualifying energy conservation device...

  12. Federal Government Energy Management Conservation Programs Reports to Congress

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Annual reports on federal energy management respond to section 548 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA, Pub. L. No. 95‐619), as amended, and provide information on energy consumption in federal buildings, operations, and vehicles. They were compiled by the Federal Energy Management Program.

  13. Low-bay Lighting Energy Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple low-bay lighting system inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: Low-wattage T8 lighting retrofit, T12 to T8 lighting retrofit, LED Exit signs retrofit, Occupancy sensors, Screw-in lighting retrofit, and central lighting controls. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cooling load reduction, heating load increases, cost savings, building life cycle costs including: Simple payback, discounted payback,more » net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.« less

  14. Voluntary Green Building Standards for Public Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: The program described below is a voluntary program that encourages state agencies to consider using green building standard. The State of Alabama does not have mandatory Green Building...

  15. Lighting Energy Conservation Measures | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technology Deployment Efficient Technologies & Products Lighting Energy Conservation Measures Lighting Energy Conservation Measures Lighting Improvements Lighting ...

  16. BUILDING 341 Seismic Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halle, J.

    2015-06-15

    The Seismic Evaluation of Building 341 located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, California has been completed. The subject building consists of a main building, Increment 1, and two smaller additions; Increments 2 and 3.

  17. Office Buildings: Consumption Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and Type of Office Building Total (trillion Btu) per Building (million Btu) per Square Foot (thousand Btu) Dollars per Million Btu All Office Buildings 1,089 1,475 90.5 16.32...

  18. Recovery Act. Development of a Model Energy Conservation Training Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-07-05

    The overall objective of this project was to develop an updated model Energy Conservation training program for stationary engineers. This revision to the IUOE National Training Fund’s existing Energy Conservation training curriculum is designed to enable stationary engineers to incorporate essential energy management into routine building operation and maintenance tasks. The curriculum uses a blended learning approach that includes classroom, hands-on, computer simulation and web-based training in addition to a portfolio requirement for a workplace-based learning application. The Energy Conservation training program goal is development of a workforce that can maintain new and existing commercial buildings at optimum energy performance levels. The grant start date was July 6, 2010 and the project continued through September 30, 2012, including a three month non-funded extension.

  19. Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building...

    Energy Savers

    Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building Energy...

  20. Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Building Size and...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    commercial buildings. Note: Data are for non-mall buildings. Source: Energy Information Administration, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Office buildings and...

  1. Building Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers

    Building Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation Building Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation Photo showing climate zone maps based on ...

  2. Building America Webinar: Saving Energy in Multifamily Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Saving Energy in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Saving Energy in Multifamily Buildings This webinar introduced the Building America team Partnership for Advanced ...

  3. Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building America's Top Innovations Propel the Home Building Industry toward Higher Performance Building America Top ...

  4. Model conservation standards bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-06-01

    This bibliography is divided into sections dealing with building design (superinsulation, solar houses, earth sheltered houses, heat loss calculation, lighting, retrofitting); heating, ventilation, and air conditioning; windows; doors; walls; roofs; floors; air leakage/infiltration; insulation materials; indoor air quality; moisture; performance; codes, laws, standards; economics; and program description. (DLC)

  5. Building Technologies Program Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Renewable Energy Building Technologies Program Jerry Dion Acting Program Manager Building Technologies Program State Energy Advisory Board Meeting October 17, 2007 The investment in Buildings R&D yielded an ROI of 15:1 from 1978 to 2000 The Buildings Technologies Program researches and Energy Efficiency & deploys new technologies to make homes and Renewable Energy commercial buildings more affordable, energy efficient, and better performing The investment in Buildings R&D yielded an

  6. Buildings Performance Database Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Overview Buildings.energy.gov/BPD BuildingsPerformanceDatabase@ee.doe.gov 2 * The BPD statistically analyzes trends in the energy performance and physical & operational characteristics of real commercial and residential buildings. The Buildings Performance Database 3 Design Principles * The BPD contains actual data on existing buildings - not modeled data or anecdotal evidence. * The BPD enables statistical analysis without revealing information about individual buildings. * The BPD cleanses

  7. EECBG Success Story: Dallas: Building a Greener City | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Dallas: Building a Greener City EECBG Success Story: Dallas: Building a Greener City August 28, 2013 - 1:34pm Addthis Thanks to the Energy Department's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program, the city of Dallas has improved the efficiency of more than 200 city-owned buildings, saving $1 million a year in energy costs. | Photo courtesy of the City of Dallas. Thanks to the Energy Department's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program, the city of Dallas has improved

  8. Model Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Efficiency Building Performance Standards (EEBPS) are statewide minimum requirements that all new construction and additions to existing buildings must satisfy. Exceptions include...

  9. Building-Level Intensities

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    . Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Electricity Consumption",,,,,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand kWh)","per...

  10. 2013 News | Buildings | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... September 3, 2013 Architects and Building Engineers Flock to NREL National ASHRAE and AIA conferences in Denver bring hundreds to NREL's energy-efficient buildings. August 23, 2013 ...

  11. 2016 Better Buildings Summit

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Better Buildings Summit is a three-day event featuring more than 100 sessions covering how to improve energy efficiency in buildings, schools, and homes.

  12. Office Buildings - Energy Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Energy Consumption Office buildings consumed more than 17 percent of the total energy used by the commercial buildings sector (Table 4). At least half of total energy, electricity,...

  13. Office Buildings - Full Report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    administration building Insurance company headquarters building Local insurance agency Social services office Attorney's office Real estate sales office Government office State...

  14. Food Sales Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Sales Characteristics by Activity... Food Sales Food sales buildings are buildings that are used for retail or wholesale sale of food. Basic Characteristics See also: Equipment |...

  15. Buildings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    work, live, learn, govern, heal, worship, and play in buildings-and they require enormous energy resources. Related Links Buildings Gateway Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  16. Building Technologies Office Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... energy-related information throughout building lifecycle 14 Tracks actual building energy usage Transmit Harmonize Compare HPMXL Residential Audit BUILDINGSYNC Commercial Audit ...

  17. Commercial Buildings Integration (CBI)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... with industry: Better Buildings Alliance, federal and other partners 2. Developing core tools, guides and products * Energy data access and analysis: Commercial Building Asset ...

  18. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The California Building Standards Commission (BSC) is responsible for administering California's building standards adoption, publication, and implementation. Since 1989, the BSC has published tr...

  19. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Connecticut Office of the State Building Inspector establishes and enforces building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing and energy code requirements by reviewing, developing, adopting and...

  20. Better Buildings Training Toolkit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Training Toolkit BETTER BUILDINGS RESIDENTIAL NETWORK Learn more at betterbuildings.energy.govbbrn 1 T he Better Buildings Residential Network Training Toolkit can be used by ...

  1. ISSUANCE 2015-07-23: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Conventional Ovens, Comment Period Extension. conventionalovenscommentextension.pdf More Documents & Publications ISSUANCE 2015-07-17: Energy Conservation Program: Energy...

  2. Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey -- Overview

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Buildings The Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993 provides building-level energy-related characteristics for a special sample of commercial buildings owned by the...

  3. Health Care Buildings: Equipment Table

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Equipment Table Buildings, Size and Age Data by Equipment Types for Health Care Buildings Number of Buildings (thousand) Percent of Buildings Floorspace (million square feet)...

  4. 1999 CBECS Principal Building Activities

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview A Look at Building Activities in the 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The Commercial Buildings Energy...

  5. Elastoplastic shell analysis in DYNA3D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whirley, R.G. )

    1991-01-01

    Computer simulation of the elastoplastic behavior of thin shell structures under transient dynamic loads play an important role in many programs at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, Calif. Often the loads are severe and the structure undergoes plastic (or permanent) deformation. These simulations are effectively performed using DYNA3D, an explicit nonlinear finite element code developed at LLNL for simulating and analyzing the large-deformation dynamic response of solids and structures. It is generally applicable to problems where the loading and response are of short duration and contain significant high-frequency components. Typical problems of this type include the contact of two impacting bodies and the resulting elastoplastic structural behavior. The objective of this investigation was to examine and improve upon the elastoplastic shell modeling capability in DYNA3D. This article summarizes the development of a new four-node quadrilateral finite element shell formulation, the YASE shell, and compares two basic methods (the stress-resultant and the thickness-resultant methods) employed in elastoplastic constitutive algorithms for shell structure modeling.

  6. Removable inner turbine shell with bucket tip clearance control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sexton, Brendan F.; Knuijt, Hans M.; Eldrid, Sacheverel Q.; Myers, Albert; Coneybeer, Kyle E.; Johnson, David Martin; Kellock, Iain R.

    2000-01-01

    A turbine includes a plurality of inner shell sections mounting first and second stage nozzle and shroud portions. The inner shell sections are pinned to an outer containment shell formed of sections to preclude circumferential movement of the inner shell relative to the outer shell and enable thermal expansion and contraction of the inner shell relative to the outer shell. Positive bucket tip clearance control is afforded by passing a thermal medium about the inner shell in heat transfer relation with the shrouds about the first and second stage bucket tips, the thermal medium being provided from a source of heating/cooling fluid independent of the turbine. Access is provided to the rotor and turbine buckets by removing the outer and inner shell sections.

  7. EMBODY(Environmental Modules Build System Software)

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2009-02-09

    Embody (Environment Modules Build) is a software build tool with integrated support for the environment-modules package. The tool eases and automates the task of building and installing software packages from source or binary distributions, as well as the management of associated modulefiles. An administrator or software pool maintainer has to write a brief script for the installation process. These steps are usually described for manual execution, in a package's README or INSTALL file. It wouldmore » be up to the site administrator to work out a procedure to capture the steps taken. This tool: streamlines and codifies the installation tasks in a common framework; it provides a self-documenting and unified way for maintaining package installations; uses bash shell variables and functions for portability; keeps log files of the proceedings. It is similar in intent and function to other existing tools, such as RPM, but has several novel features tailored for High Performance Computing (HPC) software deployments. The design goal is simplicity and decoupling from RPM's dependencies and its database, which enables coexistence of several builds. Useful on HPC systems, new builds can be deployed centrally to shared file systems and without affecting running jobs.« less

  8. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program Notice 09-001, November 20, 2009

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy and Conservation Program Notice 09-001, November 20, 2009 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program Notice 09-001, November 20, 2009 Provides information on the EECBG sub grants and loans program guidance eecbg_sub_grants_and_loans_program_guidance_112009.pdf (52.05 KB) More Documents & Publications Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Recipients on Formula Grants SEP Notice 10-011 / EECBG Program Notice 10-013 Better Buildings

  9. Building America Best Practices Series, Volume 13 - Energy Performance Techniques and Technologies: Perserving Historic Homes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Energy Performance Techniques and Technologies: Preserving Historic Homes BUILDING AMERICA BEST PRACTICES SERIES VOLUME 13. PREPARED BY Pacific Northwest National Laboratory & Kaufman Heritage Conservation February 28, 2011 R February 28, 2011 * PNNL-20185 BUILDING AMERICA BEST PRACTICES SERIES Energy Performance Techniques and Technologies: Preserving Historic Homes PREPARED BY Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Michelle Britt, Michael C. Baechler, Theresa

  10. Qualified Energy Conservation Bond Webinars

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides a listing of past qualified energy conservation bond webinars and associated files. Author: U.S. Department of Energy

  11. The microindentation behavior of several mollusk shells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laraia, V.J.; Heuer, A.H. . Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

    1990-01-01

    An investigation of the relationship between structure and mechanical behavior is reported for mollusk shells employing foliated, nacreous, and crossed-lamellar structures by microindentation in the Knoop and Vickers geometries. Indentation damage zones develop crack systems that reflect the micro-architecture. For the crosed-lamellar structure, the system of cracks about the indentation normally developed in a brittle material is suppressed. Previous reports that shells are harder than the corresponding minerals, calcite and aragonite, are confirmed, but it is found that this effect can be strongly dependent on orientation. This anomalous hardness is not an artifact of the indentation test technique, since scratch tests confirm the relative hardness of shell over the mineral. It is suggested that microstructural organization is of central importance in producing this hardness, as opposed to intrinsic properties of the mineral or matrix phases. 17 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    Reports and Publications

    2016-01-01

    Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity is the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) report containing storage capacity data for crude oil, petroleum products, and selected biofuels. The report includes tables detailing working and net available shell storage capacity by type of facility, product, and Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PAD District). Net available shell storage capacity is broken down further to show the percent for exclusive use by facility operators and the percent leased to others. Crude oil storage capacity data are also provided for Cushing, Oklahoma, an important crude oil market center. Data are released twice each year near the end of May (data for March 31) and near the end of November (data for September 30).

  13. A long-term, integrated impact assessment of alternative building energy code scenarios in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Eom, Jiyong; Evans, Meredydd; Clarke, Leon E.

    2014-04-01

    China is the second largest building energy user in the world, ranking first and third in residential and commercial energy consumption. Beginning in the early 1980s, the Chinese government has developed a variety of building energy codes to improve building energy efficiency and reduce total energy demand. This paper studies the impact of building energy codes on energy use and CO2 emissions by using a detailed building energy model that represents four distinct climate zones each with three building types, nested in a long-term integrated assessment framework GCAM. An advanced building stock module, coupled with the building energy model, is developed to reflect the characteristics of future building stock and its interaction with the development of building energy codes in China. This paper also evaluates the impacts of building codes on building energy demand in the presence of economy-wide carbon policy. We find that building energy codes would reduce Chinese building energy use by 13% - 22% depending on building code scenarios, with a similar effect preserved even under the carbon policy. The impact of building energy codes shows regional and sectoral variation due to regionally differentiated responses of heating and cooling services to shell efficiency improvement.

  14. Inner shell radial pin geometry and mounting arrangement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leach, David; Bergendahl, Peter Allen

    2002-01-01

    Circumferentially spaced arrays of support pins are disposed through access openings in an outer turbine shell and have projections received in recesses in forward and aft sections of an inner turbine shell supported from the outer shell. The projections have arcuate sides in a circumferential direction affording line contacts with the side walls of the recesses and are spaced from end faces of the recesses, enabling radial and axial expansion and contraction of the inner shell relative to the outer shell. All loads are taken up in a tangential direction by the outer shell with the support pins taking no radial loadings.

  15. Building blocks for subleading helicity operators

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Kolodrubetz, Daniel W.; Moult, Ian; Stewart, Iain W.

    2016-05-24

    On-shell helicity methods provide powerful tools for determining scattering amplitudes, which have a one-to-one correspondence with leading power helicity operators in the Soft-Collinear Effective Theory (SCET) away from singular regions of phase space. We show that helicity based operators are also useful for enumerating power suppressed SCET operators, which encode subleading amplitude information about singular limits. In particular, we present a complete set of scalar helicity building blocks that are valid for constructing operators at any order in the SCET power expansion. In conclusion, we also describe an interesting angular momentum selection rule that restricts how these building blocks canmore » be assembled.« less

  16. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Business Models Guide, October 27, 2011.

  17. Events | Buildings | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Events Below are upcoming events related to buildings research. No current events have been scheduled

  18. Building America Best Practices Series: Volume 7.1: Guide to Determining Climate Regions by County

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, Michael C.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Cole, Pamala C.; Hefty, Marye G.; Love, Pat M.

    2010-08-30

    This report for DOE's Building America program helps builders identify which Building America climate region they are building in. The guide includes maps comparing the Building America regions with climate designations used in the International Energy Conservation Code for Residential Buildings and lists all U.S. counties by climate zone. A very brief history of the development of the Building America climate map and descriptions of each climate zone are provided. This report is available on the Building America website www.buildingamerica.gov.

  19. A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

    2013-06-06

    Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

  20. Energy conservation in Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlsmith, R.S.

    1981-12-01

    The ratio of energy consumption to gross state product is discussed. This ratio, showing the amount of energy Tennessee uses to produce one dollar's worth of goods and services, has decreased by 4.5% during the period from 1973 to 1979 as compared to 10.4% for the same period for the US as a whole. Changes of energy consumption at the national level since the Arab oil embargo are analyzed. Funding for state conservation programs are discussed. The impact that sharp curtailment of Federal funding will have on some Tennessee programs is noted. (MCW)

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    Current and Past EditionsGlossaryPopular TablesQuery Tools Contact Us Search What Is the Buildings Energy Data Book? The Data Book includes statistics on residential and commercial building energy consumption. Data tables contain statistics related to construction, building technologies, energy consumption, and building characteristics. The Building Technologies Program within the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy developed this resource to provide a

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption 4.2 Federal Buildings and Facilities Characteristics 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Building Type Definition Includes These Sub-Categories from 2003 CBECS Questionnaire Education Buildings used for academic or technical classroom instruction, such as elementary, middle, or high schools, and classroom buildings on college or university campuses. Buildings on education campuses for which the main use is not classroom are included in the category relating to their use. For example, administration buildings are part of "Office", dormitories are "Lodging", and

  4. Building Green in Greensburg: City Hall Building

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing City Hall building in Greensburg, Kansas.

  5. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Principal Building...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    contact the National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Differences between the...

  6. Buildings Technology Office Residential Buildings Integration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Summaries Building America, ARIES: High Performance Factory Built Housing Presenter: Jordan Dentz, ARIESThe Levy Partnership Project Goal Provide factory homebuilders with high ...

  7. Building Green in Greensburg: Business Incubator Building

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing SunChips Business Incubator building in Greensburg, Kansas.

  8. The Nature Conservancy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Conservancy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: The Nature Conservancy Name: The Nature Conservancy Address: 4245 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 100 Place: Arlington, VA Zip: 22203-1606...

  9. Coastal Conservation League | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Conservation League Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Coastal Conservation League Name: Coastal Conservation League Address: 328 East Bay Street PO Box 1765 Place: Charleston,...

  10. Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Natural Resources & Conservation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Montana Department of Natural Resources& Conservation Name: Montana Department of Natural Resources& Conservation...

  11. California Department of Conservation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Conservation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: California Department of Conservation Name: California Department of Conservation Abbreviation: DOC Address: 801 K Street, MS 24-01...

  12. MA - Office of Management - Energy Conservation Plan

    Energy Savers

    MA Energy Conservation Plan January 2010 1 Office of Management Office-Level Energy Conservation Plan January 2010 I. BACKGROUND This energy conservation plan represents an effort ...

  13. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds A Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) is a bond that enables qualified state, tribal, and local ...

  14. Landscaping Water Conservation | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Water Conservation Landscaping Water Conservation This colorful water-conserving landscape requires only one-quarter the water a bluegrass lawn would use. | Photo courtesy of Jim ...

  15. Green Building Certification Systems Requirement for New Federal Buildings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings Final Rule | Department of Energy Green Building Certification Systems Requirement for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings Final Rule Green Building Certification Systems Requirement for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings Final Rule Document details the Green Building Certification Systems Requirement for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings' Final Rule for 10 CFR

  16. I-SAVE conservation program. Implementing title II of NECPA residential conservation service. Final draft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-05-30

    The I-SAVE (Iowa Saves America's Vital Energy) conservation plan provides comprehensive energy-conservation information and services to residential consumers served by large investor-owned electric and gas utilities and participating home-heating suppliers. The overall objective of the I-SAVE plan is to conserve energy by facilitating cost-effective retrofit of existing housing and promoting more-efficient energy use. The ultimate benefit available to the customer under the I-SAVE plan - reduction in energy use - is dependent upon the action he or she takes as a result of the program audit. Benefits to the utility and the ratepayers as a whole, however, will accrue only upon widespread customer acceptance and utilization of program services. This degree of program acceptance and the resulting benefits to ratepayers can be attained only through an aggressive educational and promotional effort by the covered utilities. All electric and gas utilities which have sales, other than resale, exceeding 750 million kWh of electricity or 10 billion cubic feet of gas and participating home-heating suppliers, shall provide a program announcement and shall offer conservation services to their customers who occupy a residential building containing at least one, but not more than four units, in a manner as provided by the rules. The text of the rules is presented. (MCW)

  17. Shell Future Fuels and CO2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Shell Future Fuels and CO2 Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shell Future Fuels and CO2 Place: Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: G1 9BG Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product:...

  18. HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK THERMAL AND SEISMIC PROJECT SEISMIC...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK THERMAL AND SEISMIC PROJECT SEISMIC ANALYSIS OF HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANKS M&D Professional Services, Inc. (M&D) is under subcontract to Pacific ...

  19. HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK THERMAL AND SEISMIC PROJECT SENSITIVITY...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK THERMAL AND SEISMIC PROJECT SENSITIVITY OF DOUBLE SHELL ... the definition of the design ground motion or in the properties of the tank-waste system. ...

  20. Simple, Ethanol-Driven Synthesis of Core-Shell Nanoparticles...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    particle size distributions, and also to coat a thin metal shell on other metal cores. ... a narrow particle size distributions, and to coat a thin metal shell on other metal cores. ...

  1. Shell seeks modifications to Mosconi sale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chynoweth, E.

    1993-01-06

    Privatization of Argentina's Petroquimica General Mosconi (PGM; Buenos Aires) got under way at the end of last years with three companies submitting technical bids. The interested parties are Shell Compania Argentina de Petroleo SA, Diamond Shamrock, and Panam - a group of local companies including Perez Companc, Laboratorios Phoenix, and Quitral. The technical bids include terms of reference and plans for PGM. Shell has sent a letter to the minister in charge of privatization saying it would not present its economic bid, due January 28, unless changes are made in the sale concerning feedstock supply contracts with state oil group YPF. Shell is concerned about the impact of YPF, which supplies PGM most feedstocks. Tender conditions state YPF will retain 30% of PGM, which will be renamed Petroquimica Platense, and will be the exclusive supplier of feestocks and one of the main buyers of product. Government authorities say no decision has been taken relating to Shell's request to change the contract, but they are reviewing the situation. Other bidders made no objections about the proposed conditions. The government is selling 64% of PGM, YPF will retain 30%, and the remainder will go to the workforce.

  2. Method to produce large, uniform hollow spherical shells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendricks, Charles D. (Livermore, CA)

    1985-01-01

    Large, uniform hollow spherical shells are produced by forming uniform size drops of heat decomposable or vaporizable material, evaporating the drops to form dried particles, coating the dried particles with a layer of shell forming material, and heating the composite particles to melt the outer layer and decompose or vaporize the inner particle to form an expanding inner gas bubble which expands the outer layer. By cycling the temperature and pressure on the hollow shells, spherical shells with uniform walls are produced.

  3. EA-338-A Shell Energy North America (US), L.P. | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    -A Shell Energy North America (US), L.P. EA-338-A Shell Energy North America (US), L.P. Order authorizing Shell Energy to export electric energy to Mexico. EA-338-A Shell Energy ...

  4. EA-339-A Shell Energy North America (US), L.P. | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    -A Shell Energy North America (US), L.P. EA-339-A Shell Energy North America (US), L.P. Order authorizing Shell Energy to export electric energy to Canada. EA-339-A Shell Energy ...

  5. Constraints for system specifications for the double-shell and single-shell tank systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SHAW, C.P.

    1999-05-18

    This is a supporting document for the Level 1 Double-Shell and Single-Shell System Specifications. The rationale for selection of specific regulatory constraining documents cited in the two system specifications is provided. many of the regulations have been implemented by the Project Hanford Management Contract procedures (HNF-PROs) and as such noted and traced back to their origins in State and Federal regulations.

  6. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.6 Office Building Markets and Companies

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    7 Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings (1) Shell Percent Glass (WWR) 20-40% Window U-Factor 0.33-0.56 SHGC 0.31-0.49 Wall R-Value 7.6-15.2 Roof R-Value Attic 30-60 Insulation Above Deck 15-30 Wall Material Mass (HC > 7 Btu/ft^2) Lighting Average Power Density (Watts/SF) 0.9 System and Plant System and Plant Packaged Single-Zone Packaged Single-Zone w/ Economizer Cooling Capacity > 54 kBtu Heating Plant: Gas Furnace 80% Combustion Efficiency Cooling Plant: Air conditioner

  7. Pseudo-Symmetry and Majorana Operators in pf-Shell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valencia, J. P.; Wu, H. C.

    2007-10-26

    The Majorana operator of the pseudo ds-shell preserves the SU-tilde(4) symmetry, and in a unified manner it reproduces reasonably well the ground state energies of the nine nuclei in this shell. The study of {beta} decay in the same shell provides further support for the SU-tilde(4) symmetry.

  8. The Physics of Basis For A Conservative Physics And Conservative Technology Tokamak Power Plant, ARIES-ACT2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kessel, C. E.

    2014-03-04

    The conservative physics and conservative technology tokamak power plant ARIES-ACT2 has a major radius of 9.75 m at aspect ratio of 4.0, strong shaping with elongation of 2.2 and triangularity of 0.63. The no wall {beta}N reaches {approximately} 2.4, limited by n=1 external kink mode, and can be extended to 3.2 with a stabilizing shell behind the ring structure shield. The bootstrap current fraction is 77% with a q95 of 8.0, requiring about {approximately} 4.0 MA of external current drive. This current is supplied with 30 MW of ICRF/FW and 80 MW of negative ion NB. Up to 1.0 MA can be driven with LH with no wall, and 1.5 or more MA can be driven with a stabilizing shell. EC was examined and is most effective for safety factor control over {rho} {approximately} 0.2-0.6 with 20 MW. The pedestal density is {approximately} 0.65x10{sup 20}/m{sup 3} and the temperature is {approximately} 9.0 keV. The H98 factor is 1.25, n/n{sub Gr} = 1.3, and the net power to LH threshold power is 1.3-1.4 in the flattop. Due to the high toroidal field and high central temperature the cyclotron radiation loss was found to be high depending on the first wall reflectivity.

  9. Joseph Vance Building, The

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Seattle, WA In 2006, the Rose Smart Growth Investment Fund acquired the historic Joseph Vance Building with the purpose of transforming it into "the leading green and historic class B" building in the marketplace. The terra cotta Vance Building was constructed in 1929 and has 14 floors - 13 floors of offices over ground-floor retail with a basement for mechanical equipment and storage. In 2009 the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) awarded the Vance Building LEED for Existing Buildings (EB) Gold certification. 05/13/2015 - 12:23

  10. Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Boilers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Boilers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

  11. ISSUANCE 2015-10-20: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines

  12. ISSUANCE 2015-07-23: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Ovens

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Ovens, Comment Period Extension

  13. Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment, Final Determination

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment, Final Determination

  14. Short-Term Energy Tests of a Credit Union Building in Idaho (Draft)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.; Balcomb, J. D.

    1993-01-01

    This report describes tests and results of the energy performance of a credit union building in Idaho. The building is in the Energy Edge Program administered by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). BPA provided incentives to incorporate innovative features designed to conserve energy use by the building. It is of interest to determine the actual performance of these features. The objective of this project was to evaluate the applicability of the SERI short-term energy monitoring (STEM) method to nonresidential buildings.

  15. Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Project Financing Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT) Funding Opportunity Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation ...

  16. BSC: Building America, Building Science Consortium - 2015 Peer Review |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy BSC: Building America, Building Science Consortium - 2015 Peer Review BSC: Building America, Building Science Consortium - 2015 Peer Review Presenter: Joe Lstiburek, Building Science Corp. View the Presentation BSC: Building America, Building Science Consortium - 2015 Peer Review (1.5 MB) More Documents & Publications Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes Case Study: Field Testing an Unvented Roof with Fibrous Insulation and Tiles Building

  17. Food Service Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    was a food service building were only asked whether the building was a restaurant, bar, fast food chain, or cafeteria (all the same category) or some other type of food service...

  18. 325 Building - Hanford Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Area 324 Building 325 Building 400 AreaFast Flux Test Facility 618-10 and 618-11 ... Facilities Cold Test Facility D and DR Reactors Effluent Treatment Facility ...

  19. 324 Building - Hanford Site

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Area 324 Building 325 Building 400 AreaFast Flux Test Facility 618-10 and 618-11 ... Facilities Cold Test Facility D and DR Reactors Effluent Treatment Facility ...

  20. Building Energy Code

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  1. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri does not have a statewide building or energy code for private residential and commercial buildings, and there currently is no state regulatory agency authorized to promulgate, adopt, or...

  2. Buildings interoperability landscape - Draft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hardin, Dave B.; Stephan, Eric G.; Wang, Weimin; Corbin, Charles D.; Widergren, Steven E.

    2015-02-01

    Buildings are an integral part of our nation’s energy economy. The advancement in information and communications technology (ICT) has revolutionized energy management in industrial facilities and large commercial buildings. As ICT costs decrease and capabilities increase, buildings automation and energy management features are transforming the small-medium commercial and residential buildings sectors. A vision of a connected world in which equipment and systems within buildings coordinate with each other to efficiently meet their owners’ and occupants’ needs, and where buildings regularly transact business with other buildings and service providers (such as gas and electric service providers) is emerging. However, while the technology to support this collaboration has been demonstrated at various degrees of maturity, the integration frameworks and ecosystems of products that support the ability to easily install, maintain, and evolve building systems and their equipment components are struggling to nurture the fledging business propositions of their proponents.

  3. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  4. Building Materials Property Table

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-04-16

    This information sheet describes a table of some of the key technical properties of many of the most common building materials taken from ASHRAE Fundamentals - 2001, Moisture Control in Buildings, CMHC, NRC/IRC, IEA Annex 24, and manufacturer data.

  5. Special Building Renovations

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    A number of building types have specific energy uses and needs, and as such the renewable opportunities may be different from a typical office building. This section briefly discusses the following...

  6. Building Design & Construction - Sustainability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2003-11-01

    Offers a brief history of green building; presents the results of a specially commissioned survey; and analyzes the chief trends, issues, and published research, based on interviews with dozens of experts and participants in green building.

  7. 2015 Better Buildings Summit

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Summit is a national meeting where leading organizations across key sectors showcase solutions to cut energy intensity in their buildings portfolio...

  8. Grid-Responsive Buildings

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S.-India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD) conducts energy efficiency research and development with a focus on integrating information technology with building controls and physical systems for commercial/high-rise residential units.

  9. Chapter 3: Building Siting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory Sustainable Design Guide 35 This aerial photo of portions ... LANL Chapter 3 | Building Siting To promote sustainable land use, it is better to build on ...

  10. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Kentucky Building Code (KBC) is updated every three years on a cycle one year behind the publication year for the International Building Code. Any changes to the code by the state of Kentucky...

  11. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Prior to 1997, South Carolina's local governments adopted and enforced the building codes. In 1997, the law required statewide use of the most up-to-date building codes, which then required the...

  12. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Florida Building Commission (FBC) is directed to adopt, revise, update, and maintain the Florida Building Code in accordance with Chapter 120 of the state statutes. The code is mandatory...

  13. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Board of Building Standards is the primary state agency that protects the public's safety by: adopting rules governing the construction, repair, and rehabilitation of buildings in the state;...

  14. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Massachusetts Board of Building Regulations and Standards has authority to promulgate the Massachusetts State Building Code (MSBC). The energy provisions in the MSBC were developed by the Boa...

  15. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more deta...

  16. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  17. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code (USBC) is a statewide minimum requirement that local jurisdictions cannot amend. The code is applicable to all new buildings in the commonwealth. The...

  18. Guam- Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  19. Building Energy Code

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2012 IECC is in effect for all residential and commercial buildings, Idaho schools, and Idaho jurisdictions that adopt and enforce building codes, unless a local code exists that is more...

  20. Health Care Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    also tended to be larger than those not on complexes. The average building on a complex was 79.9 thousand square feet, compared to 11.2 thousand square feet for buildings...

  1. Better Buildings Summit 2015

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Better Buildings Summit is a national meeting where Better Buildings partners, including AMO’s Better Plants Program partners, and leading organizations can exchange best practices and showcase...

  2. Energy Conservation: Did I remember...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Conservation: Did I remember to...? Activity Type: Craft and Game Supports Lesson Five: Global Warming Grades 4-6 Before Your Visit: Review Volunteer Presenter Checklist,...

  3. Okanogan PUD- Conservation Loan Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Okanogan PUD provides financial assistance for its qualified customers to improve the energy efficiency of homes and facilities. They offer loans for a variety of conservation measures including...

  4. Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile - Building America...

    Energy Savers

    Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile - Building America Solution Center PNNL set up the framework for the Building America Solution Center, a web tool connecting users to ...

  5. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    activity. Number of Commercial Buildings In 1979, the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey estimated that there were 3.8 million commercial buildings in the...

  6. Building America Webinar: Building America Technology-to-Market...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technology-to-Market Roadmaps Building America Webinar: Building America Technology-to-Market Roadmaps This webinar introduced the integrated Building America Technology-to-Market ...

  7. Building America Solution Center - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers

    Building America Solution Center - Building America Top Innovation SCimagemale.jpg The Building America Solution Center is a Web-based tool connecting users to fast, free, and ...

  8. Method of fabricating nested shells and resulting product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Henderson, Timothy M. (Ann Arbor, MI); Kool, Lawrence B. (Ann Arbor, MI)

    1982-01-01

    A multiple shell structure and a method of manufacturing such structure wherein a hollow glass microsphere is surface treated in an organosilane solution so as to render the shell outer surface hydrophobic. The surface treated glass shell is then suspended in the oil phase of an oil-aqueous phase dispersion. The oil phase includes an organic film-forming monomer, a polymerization initiator and a blowing agent. A polymeric film forms at each phase boundary of the dispersion and is then expanded in a blowing operation so as to form an outer homogeneously integral monocellular substantially spherical thermoplastic shell encapsulating an inner glass shell of lesser diameter.

  9. Better Buildings, Better Plants:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Buildings, Better Plants: AMO Technical Assistance Overview Andre de Fontaine This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information. 2 | Advanced Manufacturing Office Better Buildings, Better Plants Overview  Better Buildings, Better Plants is a national, voluntary industrial energy efficiency leadership initiative.  It is a key component of the President's Better Buildings Initiative, which seeks to improve the energy efficiency of

  10. Building Energy Code

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In March 2006, SB 459 was enacted to promote renewable energy and update the state's building energy codes.

  11. Publications | Buildings | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Publications NREL publishes a variety of documents related to its research, including technical reports, brochures, and presentations. Read the information below to find out how to find a publication about buildings research at NREL. Accessing Research Papers Buildings Technical Highlights Research Papers - Commercial Research Papers - Residential Accessing Buildings Research Documents Documents produced by NREL related to buildings technologies may be accessed online in several different ways.

  12. Buildings Energy Data Book

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures 1.3 Value of Construction and Research 1.4 Environmental Data 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison 1.6 Embodied Energy of Building Assemblies 2The Residential Sector 3Commercial Sector 4Federal Sector 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy

  13. Buildings Energy Data Book

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    The Energy Index for Commercial Buildings Welcome to the Energy Index for Commercial Buildings. Data for this tool comes from the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). Select categories from the CBECS micro data allow users to search on common building characteristics that impact energy use. Users may select multiple criteria, however if the resulting sample size is too small, the data will be unreliable. If nothing is selected

  14. Buildings Energy Databook

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    2 BUILDINGS ENERGY DATABOOK U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Buildings Energy Databook The United States Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy has developed this Buildings Energy Databook to provide a current and accurate set of comprehensive buildings-related data and to promote the use of such data for consistency throughout DOE programs. The Databook is considered

  15. Residential Buildings Integration (RBI)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov David Lee Program Manager Residential Buildings Integration (RBI) April 22, 2014 Residential Buildings Integration (RBI) Mission/Vision The Residential Buildings Integration (RBI) program's mission: To accelerate energy performance improvements in residential buildings by developing, demonstrating, and deploying a suite of cost-effective technologies, tools, and solutions to achieve peak performance in new and existing homes. RBI Vision,

  16. Kiowa County Commons Building

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This poster describes the energy efficiency features and sustainable materials used in the Kiowa County Commons Building in Greensburg, Kansas.

  17. Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Program www.buildingamerica.gov Buildings Technologies Program Date: November 1, 2011 Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings Welcome to the Webinar! We will start at 2:00 PM Eastern Time Be sure that you are also dialed into the telephone conference call: Dial-in number: 888-324-9601; Pass code: 5551971 Download the presentation at: www.buildingamerica.gov/meetings.html Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov Building America: Introduction November 1, 2011 Cheryn Engebrecht

  18. Climate-Specific Passive Building Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, Graham S.; Klingenberg, Katrin

    2015-07-29

    In 2012, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recognized the value of performance-based passive building standards when it joined with Passive House Institute US (PHIUS) to promote DOE’s Challenge Home program in tandem with the PHIUS+ Certification program. Since then, the number of passive building projects that have been certified under the partnership has grown exponentially because of some synergy. Passive building represents a well-developed approach to arrive at the envelope basis for zero energy and energy-positive projects by employing performance-based criteria and maximizing cost-effective savings from conservation before implementing renewable energy technologies. The Challenge Home program evolved into the Zero Energy Ready Home (ZERH) program in a move toward 1) attaining zero energy and 2) including active renewable energy generation such as photovoltaics (PV)—toward the zero energy goal.

  19. Analysis of institutional mechanisms affecting residential and commercial buildings retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    Barriers to energy conservation in the residential and commercial sectors influence (1) the willingness of building occupants to modify their energy usage habits, and (2) the willingness of building owners/occupants to upgrade the thermal characteristics of the structures within which they live or work and the appliances which they use. The barriers that influence the willingness of building owners/occupants to modify the thermal efficiency characteristics of building structures and heating/cooling systems are discussed. This focus is further narrowed to include only those barriers that impede modifications to existing buildings, i.e., energy conservation retrofit activity. Eight barriers selected for their suitability for Federal action in the residential and commercial sectors and examined are: fuel pricing policies that in the short term do not provide enough incentive to invest in energy conservation; high finance cost; inability to evaluate contractor performance; inability to evaluate retrofit products; lack of well-integrated or one-stop marketing systems (referred to as lack of delivery systems); lack of precise or customized information; lack of sociological/psychological incentives; and use of the first-cost decision criterion (expanded to include short-term payback criterion for the commercial sector). The impacts of these barriers on energy conservation are separately assessed for the residential and commercial sectors.

  20. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Stand-off

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Furring in Deep Energy Retrofits | Department of Energy Stand-off Furring in Deep Energy Retrofits Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Stand-off Furring in Deep Energy Retrofits This research project, conducted by IBACOS and GreenHomes America, investigated cost-effective deep energy retrofit (DER) solutions for improving the building shell exterior while achieving a cost-reduction goal, including reduced labor costs to reach a 50/50 split between material and

  1. Better Buildings Webinar: Better Buildings Alliance - Annual...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    5 2:00PM to 3:00PM EDT Online The Better Buildings Alliance is hosting a webinar on new energy efficiency resources and upcoming opportunities available this year through DOE's...

  2. Principal Building Activities--1995 CBECS

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Detailed Tables > Principal Building Activities Table Number of Buildings, Total Floorspace, and Total Site and Primary Energy Consumption for All Principal Building Activities,...

  3. Buildings | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Buildings > Posts by term Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds ancient building system (1) architect (1) biomimicry (1) building technology (1) cooling (1) cu (1) daylight...

  4. Health Care Buildings: Subcategories Table

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Subcategories Table Selected Data by Type of Health Care Building Number of Buildings (thousand) Percent of Buildings Floorspace (million square feet) Percent of Floorspace Square...

  5. Honest Buildings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Website: www.honestbuildings.com Web Application Link: www.honestbuildings.com Cost: Free Honest Buildings Screenshot References: Honest Buildings1 Logo: Honest Buildings...

  6. Metal Buildings M&V

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Reference Slides A&S Building Systems American Buildings Architectural Testing Atlas Bolt & Screw Behlen Manufacturing Butler Manufacturing Building Research Systems Kirby ...

  7. Building America Update - August 8, 2014 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Update - August 8, 2014 Building America Update - August 8, 2014 August 8, 2014 - 12:05pm Addthis Top Innovation Spotlight: Quality Management System Guidelines Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies, Part II Building America Code Compliance Briefs Support Market Adoption of Innovations Zero Energy Ready Home Technical Webinars and Trainings New DOE Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnace Fans Residential Successes: Community-Scale, Affordable High Performance Homes Other

  8. 11-001_eecbg_sep_building_best_practice

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    STATE ENERGY PROGRAM NOTICE 11-001 AND EECBG PROGRAM NOTICE 11-001 EFFECTIVE DATE: January 21, 2011 SUBJECT: GUIDANCE ON BASIC BEST PRACTICES IN MANAGEMENT OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE IN BUILDINGS PURPOSE: To provide guidance to the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Efficiency and Conservation Grant Program (EECBG) and State Energy Program (SEP) grantees and subgrantees on implementing best practices for energy management in commercial and government buildings. In this guidance, the term

  9. High-bay Lighting Energy Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple high-bay lighting system inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: 1000 Watt to 750 Watt High-pressure Sodium lighting retrofit, 400 Watt to 360 Watt High Pressure Sodium lighting retrofit, High Intensity Discharge to T5 lighting retrofit, High Intensity Discharge to T8 lighting retrofit, and Daylighting. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, building lifemore » cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.« less

  10. Funding Opportunity Webinar - Buildings University Innovators...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Buildings University Innovators and Leaders Development (BUILD) Funding Opportunity Webinar - Buildings University Innovators and Leaders Development (BUILD) View the Funding ...

  11. Better Buildings Residential Network | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    Residential Buildings Better Buildings Residential Network Better Buildings Residential Network Better Buildings Residential Network Explore Latest Peer Exchange Call Summaries ...

  12. Jess, the Java expert system shell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman-Hill, E.J.

    1997-11-01

    This report describes Jess, a clone of the popular CLIPS expert system shell written entirely in Java. Jess supports the development of rule-based expert systems which can be tightly coupled to code written in the powerful, portable Java language. The syntax of the Jess language is discussed, and a comprehensive list of supported functions is presented. A guide to extending Jess by writing Java code is also included.

  13. On Closed Shells in Nuclei. II

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Mayer, M. G.

    1949-04-01

    Discussion on the use of spins and magnetic moments of the even-odd nuclei by Feenberg and Nordheim to determine the angular momentum of the eigenfunction of the odd particle; discussion of prevalence of isomerism in certain regions of the isotope chart; tabulated data on levels of square well potential, spectroscopic levels, spin term, number of states, shells and known spins and orbital assignments.

  14. Challenges in Commercial Buildings | Buildings | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Challenges in Commercial Buildings Whether your focus is new construction or existing facilities, renewable resources or energy efficiency, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Commercial Buildings research team has the tools, resources, and expertise to address your challenges. NREL can help you: Provide reliable and secure energy for your operations Achieve your mandated or internal energy performance targets Meet your organizational objectives while maximizing return on investment.

  15. Passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1992-10-01

    Developments in passive solar buildings that took place from the early 1970`s through 1989 are described. Much of the work covered was federally sponsored during the period 1975 through 1986. About half the volume is devoted to quantitative methods for modeling, simulation, and design analysis of passive buildings; the other half summarizes the quantitative results of testing and monitoring of models and buildings. The following are covered: building solar gain modeling, simulation analysis, simplified methods, materials and components, analytical results for specific systems, test modules, building integration, performance monitoring and results, and design tools. (MHR)

  16. Passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D. )

    1992-01-01

    Developments in passive solar buildings that took place from the early 1970's through 1989 are described. Much of the work covered was federally sponsored during the period 1975 through 1986. About half the volume is devoted to quantitative methods for modeling, simulation, and design analysis of passive buildings; the other half summarizes the quantitative results of testing and monitoring of models and buildings. The following are covered: building solar gain modeling, simulation analysis, simplified methods, materials and components, analytical results for specific systems, test modules, building integration, performance monitoring and results, and design tools. (MHR)

  17. Building Energy Codes Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    5 Introduction: Model Energy Codes ANSIASHRAEIES Standard 90.1 * Current Version: ... and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) International Energy Conservation Code ...

  18. Midwest Building Energy Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... * Adjust Energy Conservation Measure (ECM) Requirements to Meet Opposition Critics and State Code Mandates * Develop an Implementation Plan Simultaneously but Separately ...

  19. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    light by passing electricity through mercury vapor, which causes the fluorescent coating to glow or fluoresce. High-Efficiency Ballast (HEB): A lighting conservation feature...

  20. Building Buddies (6 lessons)

    Education Teach & Learn

    These activities explore energy use and conservation using the school as a learning laboratory and the home as a means to extend new knowledge.

  1. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Fast food

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  2. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Primary school

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  3. DOE Announces Webinars on Buildings of the Future, Building America...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Buildings of the Future, Building America Research Tools, and More DOE Announces Webinars on Buildings of the Future, Building America Research Tools, and More March 12, 2015 - 8:37am ...

  4. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Secondary school

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  5. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  6. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small office

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  7. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  8. Commercial Buildings Characteristics, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-29

    Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 presents statistics about the number, type, and size of commercial buildings in the United States as well as their energy-related characteristics. These data are collected in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national survey of buildings in the commercial sector. The 1992 CBECS is the fifth in a series conducted since 1979 by the Energy Information Administration. Approximately 6,600 commercial buildings were surveyed, representing the characteristics and energy consumption of 4.8 million commercial buildings and 67.9 billion square feet of commercial floorspace nationwide. Overall, the amount of commercial floorspace in the United States increased an average of 2.4 percent annually between 1989 and 1992, while the number of commercial buildings increased an average of 2.0 percent annually.

  9. Oxide Shell Reduction and Magnetic Property Changes in Core-Shell Fe Nanoclusters under Ion Irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sundararajan, Jennifer A.; Kaur, Maninder; Jiang, Weilin; McCloy, John S.; Qiang, You

    2014-02-12

    Ion irradiation effects are studied on the Fe-based core-shell nanocluster (NC) films with core as Fe and shell as Fe3O4/FeO. These NC films were were deposited on Si substrates to thickness of ~0.5 micrometers using a NC deposition system. The films were irradiated at room temperature with 5.5 MeV Si2+ ions to ion fluences of 1015 and 1016 ions/cm2. It is found that the irradiation induces grain growth, Fe valence reduction in the shell, and crystallization of Fe3N. The nature and mechanism of oxide shell reduction and composition dependence after irradiation were studied by synthesizing additional NC films of Fe3O4 and FeO+Fe3N and irradiating them under the same conditions. The presence of nanocrystalline Fe is found to be a major factor for the oxide shell reduction. The surface morphologies of these films show dramatic changes in the microstructures due to cluster growth and agglomeration as a result of ion irradiation.

  10. Oxide shell reduction and magnetic property changes in core-shell Fe nanoclusters under ion irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sundararajan, Jennifer A.; Kaur, Maninder; Qiang, You, E-mail: youqiang@uidaho.edu [Department of Physics, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844 (United States); Jiang, Weilin [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); McCloy, John S. [School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 (United States)

    2014-05-07

    Ion irradiation effects are studied on the Fe-based core-shell nanocluster (NC) films with core as Fe and shell as Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/Fe{sub 3}N. These NC films were deposited on Si substrates to thickness of ?0.5 ?m using a NC deposition system. The films were irradiated at room temperature with 5.5?MeV Si{sup 2+} ions to ion fluences of 10{sup 15} and 10{sup 16} ions/cm{sup 2}. It is found that the irradiation induces grain growth, Fe valence reduction in the shell, and crystallization or growth of Fe{sub 3}N. The film retained its Fe-core and its ferromagnetic properties after irradiation. The nature and mechanism of oxide shell reduction and composition dependence after irradiation were studied by synthesizing additional NC films of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and FeO?+?Fe{sub 3}N and irradiating them under the same conditions. The presence of nanocrystalline Fe is found to be a major factor for the oxide shell reduction. The surface morphologies of these films show dramatic changes in the microstructures due to cluster growth and agglomeration as a result of ion irradiation.

  11. Operations building | Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Operations building Operations building Chemical recycling columns in an operations building

  12. Optimizing Distributed Energy Resources and building retrofits with the strategic DER-CAModel

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Stadler, M.; Groissböck, M.; Cardoso, G.; Marnay, C.

    2014-08-05

    The pressuring need to reduce the import of fossil fuels as well as the need to dramatically reduce CO2 emissions in Europe motivated the European Commission (EC) to implement several regulations directed to building owners. Most of these regulations focus on increasing the number of energy efficient buildings, both new and retrofitted, since retrofits play an important role in energy efficiency. Overall, this initiative results from the realization that buildings will have a significant impact in fulfilling the 20/20/20-goals of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions by 20%, increasing energy efficiency by 20%, and increasing the share of renewables to 20%,more » all by 2020. The Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) is an optimization tool used to support DER investment decisions, typically by minimizing total annual costs or CO2 emissions while providing energy services to a given building or microgrid site. This document shows enhancements made to DER-CAM to consider building retrofit measures along with DER investment options. Specifically, building shell improvement options have been added to DER-CAM as alternative or complementary options to investments in other DER such as PV, solar thermal, combined heat and power, or energy storage. The extension of the mathematical formulation required by the new features introduced in DER-CAM is presented and the resulting model is demonstrated at an Austrian Campus building by comparing DER-CAM results with and without building shell improvement options. Strategic investment results are presented and compared to the observed investment decision at the test site. Results obtained considering building shell improvement options suggest an optimal weighted average U value of about 0.53 W/(m2K) for the test site. This result is approximately 25% higher than what is currently observed in the building, suggesting that the retrofits made in 2002 were not optimal. Furthermore, the results obtained with

  13. Optimizing Distributed Energy Resources and building retrofits with the strategic DER-CAModel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, M.; Groissböck, M.; Cardoso, G.; Marnay, C.

    2014-08-05

    The pressuring need to reduce the import of fossil fuels as well as the need to dramatically reduce CO2 emissions in Europe motivated the European Commission (EC) to implement several regulations directed to building owners. Most of these regulations focus on increasing the number of energy efficient buildings, both new and retrofitted, since retrofits play an important role in energy efficiency. Overall, this initiative results from the realization that buildings will have a significant impact in fulfilling the 20/20/20-goals of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions by 20%, increasing energy efficiency by 20%, and increasing the share of renewables to 20%, all by 2020. The Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) is an optimization tool used to support DER investment decisions, typically by minimizing total annual costs or CO2 emissions while providing energy services to a given building or microgrid site. This document shows enhancements made to DER-CAM to consider building retrofit measures along with DER investment options. Specifically, building shell improvement options have been added to DER-CAM as alternative or complementary options to investments in other DER such as PV, solar thermal, combined heat and power, or energy storage. The extension of the mathematical formulation required by the new features introduced in DER-CAM is presented and the resulting model is demonstrated at an Austrian Campus building by comparing DER-CAM results with and without building shell improvement options. Strategic investment results are presented and compared to the observed investment decision at the test site. Results obtained considering building shell improvement options suggest an optimal weighted average U value of about 0.53 W/(m2K) for the test site. This result is approximately 25% higher than what is currently observed in the building, suggesting that the retrofits made in 2002 were not optimal. Furthermore

  14. EECBG Success Story: New Bedford Builds Foundation for Energy-Centric Economic Development

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Bedford, Massachusetts designed and implemented a modern energy infrastructure to provide power to municipally owned buildings from an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) from the Energy Department. Learn more.

  15. Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings This webinar was presented by research team Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB), and discussed ventilation strategies for multifamily buildings, including how to successfully implement those strategies through smart design, specification, and construction techniques. webinar_ventilation_multifamily_20111101.wmv (22.17 MB) More Documents & Publications Building

  16. Spectroscopic studies of shell mix in directly driven implosion on SGIII prototype laser facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pu, Yudong; Huang, Tianxuan; Wei, Minxi; Tang, Qi; Song, Zifeng; Yang, Jiamin; Liu, Shenye; Jiang, Shaoen Ding, Yongkun

    2014-12-15

    We study shell mix during implosion using a capsule with a Cl-doped gas-shell interface that is also filled with Ar-doped deuterium gas. The Ar and Cl K-shell emissions are recorded with a flat crystal spectrometer. The He-β complex is analyzed to infer the electron temperature and density in the hotspot. Two regions of different hydrodynamic states are observed: a region of T{sub e} ∼ 1.2 ± 0.2 keV and n{sub e} ∼ (4 ± 0.5) × 10{sup 23 }cm{sup −3} and another of T{sub e} ∼ 0.6 ± 0.2 keV and n{sub e} ∼ (4 ± 0.5) × 10{sup 22 }cm{sup −3} probed by Ar and Cl ions, respectively. The neutron yield was also recorded and found to have reduced by a factor of ten for the Cl-doped capsule. By attributing the degradation of the neutron yield to the enhanced radiation loss due to the presence of mixed Cl ions and using the conservation of hotspot internal energy, the amount of mixed Cl ions is estimated to be ∼1.4 × 10{sup 14}, corresponding to a 0.1 μm thickness of the initial shell material and a mixing width of about 16 μm.

  17. Refinement of Modeling Techniques for the Structural Evaluation of Hanford Single-Shell Nuclear Waste Storage Tanks - 12288

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karri, Naveen K.; Rinker, Michael W.; Johnson, Kenneth I.; Bapanapalli, Satish K.

    2012-07-01

    The single-shell tanks at the Hanford Site (in Washington State, USA) were constructed between 1943 and 1964 and are well beyond their estimated 25 year design life. This article discusses the structural analysis approach and modeling challenges encountered during the ongoing analysis of record for evaluating the structural integrity of the single-shell tanks. There are several geometrical and material nonlinearities and uncertainties to be dealt with while performing the modern finite element analysis of these tanks. The analysis takes into account the temperature history of the tanks and allowable mechanical operating loads for proper estimation of creep strains and thermal degradation of material properties. The loads prescribed in the analysis of record models also include anticipated loads that may occur during waste retrieval and closure. Due to uncertainty in a number of modeling details, sensitivity studies were conducted to address questions related to boundary conditions that realistically or conservatively represent the influence of surrounding tanks in a tank farm, the influence of backfill excavation slope, the extent of backfill and the total extent of undisturbed soil surrounding the backfill. Because of the limited availability of data on the thermal and operating history for many of the individual tanks, some of the data was assumed or interpolated. However, the models developed for the analysis of record represent the bounding scenarios and include the loading conditions that the tanks were subjected to or anticipated. The modeling refinement techniques followed in the analysis of record resulted in conservative estimates for force and moment demands at various sections in the concrete tanks. This article discusses the modeling aspects related to Type-II and Type-III single-shell tanks. The modeling techniques, methodology and evaluation criteria developed for evaluating the structural integrity of single-shell tanks at Hanford are in general

  18. Building Your Message Map Worksheet

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Building Your Message Map Worksheet, as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program website.

  19. Commercial Building Asset Rating Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Slides from a Commercial Building Initiative webinar outlining the Commercial Building Asset Rating Program on August 23, 2011.

  20. Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5, Boulder, Colorado (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5 Boulder, Colorado PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Evaluation of a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, CO Location: Boulder, CO Consortium of Advanced Residential Buildings www.carb-swa.com Building Component: Building envelope, lighting, appliances, water conservation Application: Retrofit Years Tested: 2012 Applicable Climate Zone(s): Cold, very cold PERFORMANCE DATA Cost of Energy Efficiency Measure (including labor): $3,300-$6,100 per unit with