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Sample records for biology earth sciences

  1. Computational Earth Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Computational Earth Science We develop and apply a range of high-performance computational methods and software tools to Earth science projects in support of environmental ...

  2. Department of Energy's Biological and Environmental Research Strategic Data Roadmap for Earth System Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Dean N.; Palanisamy, Giri; Shipman, Galen; Boden, Thomas A.; Voyles, Jimmy W.

    2014-04-25

    Rapid advances in experimental, sensor, and computational technologies and techniques are driving exponential growth in the volume, acquisition rate, variety, and complexity of scientific data. This wealth of scientifically meaningful data has tremendous potential to lead to scientific discovery. However, to achieve scientific breakthroughs, these data must be exploitable—they must be analyzed effectively and efficiently and the results shared and communicated easily within the wider Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) community. The explosion in data complexity and scale makes these tasks exceedingly difficult to achieve, particularly given that an increasing number of disciplines are working across techniques, integrating simulation and experimental or observational results (see Table 5 in Appendix 2). Consequently, we need new approaches to data management, analysis, and visualization that provide research teams with easy-to-use and scalable end-to-end solutions. These solutions must facilitate (and where feasible, automate and capture) every stage in the data lifecycle (shown in Figure 1), from collection to management, annotation, sharing, discovery, analysis, and visualization. In addition, the core functionalities are the same across climate science communities, but they require customization to adapt to specific needs and fit into research and analysis workflows. To this end, the mission of CESD’s Data and Informatics Program is to integrate all existing and future distributed CESD data holdings into a seamless and unified environment for the acceleration of Earth system science.

  3. Earth, Space Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth, Space Sciences Earth, Space Sciences National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. Climate, Ocean and Sea Ice Modeling (COSIM)» Earth and Environmental Sciences Division» Intelligence and Space Research» Earth Read caption + A team of scientists is working to understand how local changes in hydrology might bring about

  4. Earth and Environmental Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    EES Earth and Environmental Sciences (EES) Sustainable energy, climate impacts, nuclear threat detection, and environmental management are primary focus areas of earth and...

  5. Biological Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Energy Science Engineering Science Environmental Science Fusion Science Math & Computer Science Nuclear Science Share Your Research NERSC Citations Home Science at...

  6. Earth and Environmental Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    EES Division Earth and Environmental Sciences We provide solutions to complex problems in climate and environmental change, sustainable energy, and national security. Climate Science Monitoring and studying dynamics between Earth, ecosystems, the atmosphere and climate Sustainable Energy Capturing carbon and researching cleaner, more efficient energy sources Global Security Detecting and predicting threats such as wildfires, earthquakes, and nuclear detonations Repository Science Geoscience,

  7. Computational Earth Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Computational Earth Science We develop and apply a range of high-performance computational methods and software tools to Earth science projects in support of environmental health, cleaner energy, and national security. Contact Us Group Leader Carl Gable Deputy Group Leader Gilles Bussod Email Profile pages header Search our Profile pages Hari Viswanathan inspects a microfluidic cell used to study the extraction of hydrocarbon fuels from a complex fracture network. EES-16's Subsurface Flow

  8. Earth and Environmental Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth and Environmental Sciences Our Vision National User Facilities Research Areas In Focus Global Solutions ⇒ Navigate Section Our Vision National User Facilities Research Areas In Focus Global Solutions Climate and Ecosystem Sciences Division The Climate and Ecosystem Sciences Division seeks to translate data from advanced laboratories, experiments, and large field stations into better tools for predicting the implications of climatic change for our natural environment and for critical

  9. National Laboratory] Basic Biological Sciences(59) Biological...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Achievements of structural genomics Terwilliger, Thomas C. Los Alamos National Laboratory Basic Biological Sciences(59) Biological Science Biological Science Abstract Not...

  10. Climate & Earth Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Human-Induced Climate Change Reduces Chance of Flooding in Okavango Delta Energy Science Engineering Science Environmental Science Fusion Science Math & Computer Science Nuclear...

  11. Chemistry, Life, and Earth Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ADCLES Chemistry, Life, and Earth Sciences The CLES Directorate is home to world class capabilities in chemistry, bioscience, and earth and environmental sciences. Structural protein research Structural protein research A wide range of protein folding research Field Instrument Deployments and Operations (FIDO) Field Instrument Deployments and Operations (FIDO) Atmospheric science research Quantum Dots Quantum Dots Quantum dot research for energy and light Contact Us Associate Director Nan Sauer

  12. Center for Space and Earth Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Deadlines, Events Partnerships NSEC CSES Center for Space and Earth Science Formerly ... Geophysics David Coblentz (505) 667-2781 Email Space Physics Geoffrey Reeves (505) ...

  13. Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional &

  14. Earth Systems Science and Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rotman, D A

    2006-02-21

    Providing the essential energy and water systems to support human needs while understanding and addressing their environmental consequences is a watershed problem for the 21st century. The LLNL Earth System Science and Engineering Program seeks to provide the scientific understanding and technological expertise to help provide solutions at both global and regional scales. Our work is highly collaborative with universities, laboratories and industrial partners across the world and involves observational data, laboratory experiments, and numerical simulations. The energy systems we have enjoyed for the last 100 years have resulted in the advanced standard of living in the developed world and a major emerging problem with climate change. Now we face a simultaneous realization that our reliance on fossil fuels is a source of conflict and economic disruption as well as causing potentially abrupt, even catastrophic global climate change. The climate and energy problem is perhaps the greatest challenge ever faced by mankind. Fossil fuel remains the least expensive and most available source of energy and the basis of our economy. The use of fossil fuels, especially over the last 100 years has led to a 30% increase in CO{sub 2} in the atmosphere. The problem is growing. The population of the Earth will increase by several billion people in the next 50 years. If economic growth is to continue, the demand for energy is estimated to approximately double in the next 50 years so that we will need approximately 10 TW more energy than the 15 TW we use now. Much of this demand will come from the developing world where most of the population growth will occur and where advanced energy technology is not generally used. The problem affects and is affected by a complex system of systems. The climate and energy problem will affect resources, social structure and the probability of increased conflict. No one person, no one nation, no one technology can solve the problem. There is no

  15. Earth Sciences Division collected abstracts: 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henry, A.L.; Schwartz, L.L.

    1980-04-30

    This report is a compilation of abstracts of papers, internal reports, and talks presented during 1979 at national and international meetings by members of the Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. The arrangement is alphabetical (by author). For a given report, a bibliographic reference appears under the name of each coauthor, but the abstract iself is given only under the name of the first author or the first Earth Sciences Division author. A topical index at the end of the report provides useful cross references, while indicating major areas of research interest in the Earth Sciences Division.

  16. USGS-Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    USGS-Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: USGS-Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center...

  17. Earth Sciences Division collected abstracts: 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henry, A.L.; Hornady, B.F.

    1981-10-15

    This report is a compilation of abstracts of papers, reports, and talks presented during 1980 at national and international meetings by members of the Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The arrangement is alphabetical (by author). For a given report, a bibliographic reference appears under the name of each coauthor, but the abstract itself is given only under the name of the first author (indicated in capital letters) or the first Earth Sciences Division author.

  18. Earth Sciences Division annual report 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-06-01

    This Annual Report presents summaries of selected representative research activities from Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory grouped according to the principal disciplines of the Earth Sciences Division: Reservoir Engineering and Hydrology, Geology and Geochemistry, and Geophysics and Geomechanics. We are proud to be able to bring you this report, which we hope will convey not only a description of the Division's scientific activities but also a sense of the enthusiasm and excitement present today in the Earth Sciences.

  19. Earth Sciences report, 1989--1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younker, L.W.; Peterson, S.J.; Price, M.E.

    1991-03-01

    The Earth Sciences Department at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) conducts work in support of the Laboratory's energy, defense, environmental, and basic research programs. The Department comprises more than 100 professional scientific personnel spanning a variety of subdisciplines: geology, seismology, physics, geophysics, geochemistry, geohydrology, chemical engineering, and mechanical engineering. Resident technical support groups add significant additional technical expertise, including Containment Engineering, Computations, Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Chemistry and Materials Science, and Technical Information. In total, approximately 180 professional scientists and engineers are housed in the Earth Sciences Department, making it one of the largest geo-science research groups in the nation. Previous Earth Sciences reports have presented an outline of the technical capabilities and accomplishments of the groups within the Department. In this FY 89/90 Report, we have chosen instead to present twelve of our projects in full-length technical articles. This Overview introduces those articles and highlights other significant research performed during this period.

  20. Biological Science | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Biological Science Biological Science The protozoan Plasmodium falciparum gliding through a cell in the gut of a mosquito, its primary host. Although five different species of Plasmodium can cause malaria, Plasmodium falciparum causes the most severe disease. | Photo courtesy of Wikipedia Commons. <a href="http://energy.gov/articles/malaria-researchers-find-weakness-global-killer">Read more</a> The protozoan Plasmodium falciparum gliding through a cell in the gut of a

  1. Center for Space and Earth Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures Center for Space and Earth Science Promoting and supporting high-quality, cutting-edge science in the areas of astrophysics, space physics, solid planetary geoscience, and climate science. Contact Director Reiner Friedel (505) 665-1936 Email Professional Staff Assistant Georgia Sanchez (505) 665-0855 Email Astophysics and Cosmology Hui Li (505) 665-3131 Email Climate Keeley Costigan (505) 665-4788 Email Geophysics David Coblentz (505)

  2. Chemistry, Life, and Earth Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of outstanding science at the Laboratory. "I'm excited to have in this critical role at the Laboratory someone as dedicated, experienced, and versatile as Nan," said Lab...

  3. Earth Sciences Division annual report 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-07-01

    Summaries of the highlights of programs in the Earth Sciences Division are presented under four headings; Geosciences, Geothermal Energy Development, Nuclear Waste Isolation, and Marine Sciences. Utilizing both basic and applied research in a wide spectrum of topics, these programs are providing results that will be of value in helping to secure the nation's energy future. Separate abstracts have been prepared for each project for inclusion in the Energy Data Base. (DMC)

  4. Earth Sciences Department Annual Report, 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henry, A.L.; Donohue, M.L.

    1985-09-01

    The Earth Sciences Department at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory comprises nine different disciplinary and programmatic groups that provide research in the geosciences, including nuclear waste management, containment of nuclear weapons tests, seismic treaty verification, stimulation of natural gas production by unconventional means, and oil shale retorting. Each group's accomplishments in 1984 are discussed, followed by a listing of the group's publications for the year.

  5. Rare Earth Metals for Science | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Rare Earth Metals for Science The Ames Laboratory has been actively involved in the ... More information on the rare-earth elements Quantities of high-purity rare earth metals ...

  6. DOE Science Showcase - Rare Earth Metal Research from DOE Databases...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE Science Showcase - Rare Earth Metal Research from DOE Databases Information Bridge ... electrode in Ni-MH rechargeable cells Science.gov - H.R.4866 - Rare Earths Supply-Chain ...

  7. DOE Science Showcase - Earth System Models | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Earth System Models U.S. DOE Office of Science: Getting Forest Carbon Right in Climate ... agencies, particularly the National Science Foundation, the National Oceanic and ...

  8. Climate, Earth system project draws on science powerhouses

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate, Earth system project draws on science powerhouses The project will focus initially on three climate-change science drivers and corresponding questions to be answered ...

  9. Earth Sciences Division annual report 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-06-01

    This Annual Report presents summaries of selected representative research activities grouped according to the principal disciplines of the Earth Sciences Division: Reservoir Engineering and Hydrogeology, Geology and Geochemistry, and Geophysics and Geomechanics. Much of the Division`s research deals with the physical and chemical properties and processes in the earth`s crust, from the partially saturated, low-temperature near-surface environment to the high-temperature environments characteristic of regions where magmatic-hydrothermal processes are active. Strengths in laboratory and field instrumentation, numerical modeling, and in situ measurement allow study of the transport of mass and heat through geologic media -- studies that now include the appropriate chemical reactions and the hydraulic-mechanical complexities of fractured rock systems. Of particular note are three major Division efforts addressing problems in the discovery and recovery of petroleum, the application of isotope geochemistry to the study of geodynamic processes and earth history, and the development of borehole methods for high-resolution imaging of the subsurface using seismic and electromagnetic waves. In 1989 a major DOE-wide effort was launched in the areas of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management. Many of the methods previously developed for and applied to deeper regions of the earth will in the coming years be turned toward process definition and characterization of the very shallow subsurface, where man-induced contaminants now intrude and where remedial action is required.

  10. Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DePaolo, Donald; DePaolo, Donald

    2008-07-21

    Research in earth and atmospheric sciences has become increasingly important in light of the energy, climate change, and other environmental issues facing the United States and the world. The development of new energy resources other than fossil hydrocarbons, the safe disposal of nuclear waste and greenhouse gases, and a detailed understanding of the climatic consequences of our energy choices are all critical to meeting energy needs while ensuring environmental safety. The cleanup of underground contamination and the preservation and management of water supplies continue to provide challenges, as they will for generations into the future. To address the critical energy and environmental issues requires continuing advances in our knowledge of Earth systems and our ability to translate that knowledge into new technologies. The fundamental Earth science research common to energy and environmental issues largely involves the physics, chemistry, and biology of fluids in and on the Earth. To manage Earth fluids requires the ability to understand their properties and behavior at the most fundamental molecular level, as well as prediction, characterization, imaging, and manipulation of those fluids and their behavior in real Earth reservoirs. The broad range of disciplinary expertise, the huge range of spatial and time scales, and the need to integrate theoretical, computational, laboratory and field research, represent both the challenge and the excitement of Earth science research. The Earth Sciences Division (ESD) of the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) is committed to addressing the key scientific and technical challenges that are needed to secure our energy future in an environmentally responsibly way. Our staff of over 200 scientists, UC Berkeley faculty, support staff and guests perform world-acclaimed fundamental research in hydrogeology and reservoir engineering, geophysics and geomechanics, geochemistry, microbial ecology

  11. Earth and environmental sciences annual report 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younker, L

    1999-05-18

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) provides broad-based, integrated scientific and engineering capabilities to address some of the nation's top national security and environmental priorities. National security priorities are to ensure the safety and reliability of the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile and to counter the spread of weapons of mass destruction; environmental priorities are to keep our environment healthy for the long term and to assess the consequences of environmental change. The Earth and Environmental Sciences (E&ES) Directorate at LLNL pursues applied and basic research across many disciplines to advance the technologies needed to address these national concerns. Our current work focuses on: Storage and ultimate disposition of U.S. spent reactor fuel and other nuclear materials; Assessment of the current global climate and simulation of future changes caused by humans or nature; Development of broadly applicable technologies for environmental remediation and risk reduction; Tools to support U.S. goals for verifying the international Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty; subcritical tests for stockpile stewardship; Real-time assessments of the health and environmental consequences of atmospheric releases of radioactive or other hazardous materials; and Basic science research that investigates fundamental physical and chemical properties of interest to these applied research programs. For each of these areas we present an overview in this report, followed by an article featuring one project in that area. Then we delineate E&ES's resources, including workforce, facilities, and funding. Finally, we list the publications by and the awards and patents received by E&ES personnel during 1998.

  12. Climate, Earth system project draws on science powerhouses

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate, Earth system project draws on science powerhouses Alumni Link: Opportunities, News and Resources for Former Employees Latest Issue:September 2015 all issues All Issues » submit Climate, Earth system project draws on science powerhouses The project will focus initially on three climate-change science drivers and corresponding questions to be answered during the project's initial phase. November 1, 2014 Computer modeling provides policymakers with essential information on such data as

  13. Climate, Earth system project draws on science powerhouses

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate, Earth system project draws on science powerhouses Climate, Earth system project draws on science powerhouses The project will focus initially on three climate-change science drivers and corresponding questions to be answered during the project's initial phase. September 25, 2014 Computer modeling provides policymakers with essential information on such data as global sea surface temperatures related to specific currents. Computer modeling provides policymakers with essential information

  14. UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Jump to: navigation, search Name: UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Place: London, United Kingdom...

  15. Applied Research in Earth Sciences (ARiES) Summer School

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Center for Space and Earth Science Los Alamos National LaboratoryApplied Research in Earth Sciences Summer School NSEC » CSES » ARiES Applied Research in Earth Sciences (ARiES) Summer School June 5th - July 28th, 2017 Contacts Co-Director Elizabeth Miller Co-Director Emily Schultz-Fellenz Co-Director Aviva Sussman Administrative Assistant Winona Ortiz Email Request more information Email Application period will be opening in January 2017 - check back for more information! The 2017 Applied

  16. Earth Sciences Division annual report 1981. [Lead abstract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-01

    Separate abstracts were prepared for the 59 papers of the 1981 annual report of the Earth Sciences Division at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. The general topics covered included nuclear waste isolation, geophysics and reservoir engineering, and geosciences. (KRM)

  17. Annual review of earth and planetary sciences. Vol. 19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetherill, G.W.; Albee, A.L.; Burke, K.C. (Carnegie Inst. of Washington, DC (United States) California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (United States) National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Various review papers on earth and planetary sciences are presented. The individual topics addressed include: tectonics of the New Guinea area, interpretation of ancient Eolian and dunes, seismic tomography of the earth's mantle, shock modification and chemistry and planetary geologic processes, the significance of evaporites, the magnetosphere, untangling the effects of burial alteration and ancient soil formation. Also discussed are: pressure-temperature-time paths, fractals in rock physics, earthquake prediction, rings in the ocean, applications of Be{minus}10 to problems in the earth sciences, measurement of crustal deformation using the GPS, physics and physical mechanisms of nuclear winter, experiemental determination of bed-form stability.

  18. LANL | Earth and Environmental Sciences Division (EES)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    nuclear detection monitoring, non-destructive evaluation, threat reduction, earthquake triggering, medical imaging, and climate science, as well as for the Comprehensive...

  19. Structural Biology | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Structural Biology Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Genomic Science DOE Bioenergy Research Centers Bioimaging Technology DOE Joint Genome Institute Structural Biology Radiochemistry & Imaging Instrumentation Radiobiology: Low Dose Radiation Research DOE Human Subjects Protection Program Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link

  20. Earth Sciences Division. Annual report 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-07-01

    This annual report contains articles describing the research programs conducted during the year. Major areas of interest include geothermal exploration technology, geothermal energy conversion technology, reservoir engineering, geothermal environmental research, basic geosciences studies, applied geosciences studies, nuclear waste isolation, and marine sciences. (ACR)

  1. Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    (SC) Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Genomic Science DOE Bioenergy Research Centers Bioimaging Technology DOE Joint Genome Institute Structural Biology Radiochemistry & Imaging Instrumentation Radiobiology: Low Dose Radiation Research DOE Human Subjects Protection Program Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER

  2. Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for earth science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    A teaching manual is provided to aid teachers in introducing renewable energy topics to earth science students. The main emphasis is placed on solar energy. Activities for the student include a study of the greenhouse effect, solar gain for home heating, measuring solar radiation, and the construction of a model solar still to obtain fresh water. Instructions for the construction of apparatus to demonstrate a solar still, the greenhouse effect and measurement of the altitude and azimuth of the sun are included. (BCS)

  3. Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2002-2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodvarsson, G.S.

    2003-11-01

    Research in earth and atmospheric sciences is becoming increasingly important in light of the energy, climate change, and environmental issues facing the United States and the world. The development of new energy resources other than hydrocarbons and the safe disposal of nuclear waste and greenhouse gases (such as carbon dioxide and methane) are critical to the future energy needs and environmental safety of this planet. In addition, the cleanup of many contaminated sites in the U.S., along with the preservation and management of our water supply, remain key challenges for us as well as future generations. Addressing these energy, climate change, and environmental issues requires the timely integration of earth sciences' disciplines (such as geology, hydrology, oceanography, climatology, geophysics, geochemistry, geomechanics, ecology, and environmental sciences). This integration will involve focusing on fundamental crosscutting concerns that are common to many of these issues. A primary focus will be the characterization, imaging, and manipulation of fluids in the earth. Such capabilities are critical to many DOE applications, from environmental restoration to energy extraction and optimization. The Earth Sciences Division (ESD) of the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) is currently addressing many of the key technical issues described above. In this document, we present summaries of many of our current research projects. While it is not a complete accounting, it is representative of the nature and breadth of our research effort. We are proud of our scientific efforts, and we hope that you will find our research useful and exciting. Any comments on our research are appreciated and can be sent to me personally. This report is divided into five sections that correspond to the major research programs in the Earth Sciences Division: (1) Fundamental and Exploratory Research; (2) Nuclear Waste; (3) Energy Resources; (4) Environmental

  4. Earth

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth Earth Climate impacts, including global temperatures, drought and forest fires as well as ocean and sea ice modeling. News Releases Science Briefs Photos Picture of the Week Publications Social Media Videos Fact Sheets James TenCate James TenCate elected Acoustical Society of America fellow TenCate's research focuses on nonlinear acoustics and elasticity, seismology and nonlinear imaging. - 8/30/16 The thermal traits of a leaf, critical for photosynthesis, may be under strong evolutionary

  5. A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science The objective of this award was to build a scalable and extensible Earth System Model that can be used to study climate change science. That objective has been achieved with the public release of the Community Earth System Model, version 1 (CESM1). In particular, the

  6. Earth and Environmental Sciences 1999 Annual Report Meeting National Needs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yonker, L.; Dannevik, B.

    2000-07-21

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Earth and Environmental Sciences 1999 Annual Report covers the following topics: (1) Nuclear Materials--Modeling Thermohydrologic Processes at the Proposed Yucca Mountain Nuclear-Waste Repository; Dose Assessments and Resettlement Support on Rongelap Atoll in the Marshall Islands. (2) Climate, Carbon, and Energy--Incorporating Surprise into Models of Global Climate Change: A Simple Climate Demonstrator Model; (3) Environmental Risk Reduction--The NASA Global Modeling Initiative: Analyzing the Atmospheric Impacts of Supersonic Aircraft; (4) National Security--Atmospheric Release Assessment Programs; and (5) Cross-Cutting Technologies/Capabilities--Advances in Technology at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry; Experimental Geophysics: Investigating Material Properties at Extreme Conditions.

  7. Earth Science Week 2009, "Understanding Climate", Highlights and News Clippings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robeck, Edward C.; Coulson, Doug

    2010-01-05

    The American Geological Institute (AGI) proposes to expand its influential Earth Science Week Program in 2009, with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy, to disseminate DOE's key messages, information, and resources on climate education and to include new program components. These components, ranging from online resources to live events and professional networks, would significantly increase the reach and impact of AGI's already successful geoscience education and public awareness effort in the United States and abroad in 2009, when the campaign's theme will be "Understanding Climate."

  8. Effects of simulated rare earth recycling wastewaters on biological nitrification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujita, Yoshiko; Barnes, Joni; Eslamimanesh, Ali; Lencka, Malgorzata M.; Anderko, Andrzej; Riman, Richard E.; Navrotsky, Alexandra

    2015-07-16

    Current efforts to increase domestic availability of rare-earth element (REE) supplies by recycling and expanded ore processing efforts will result in increased generation of associated wastewaters. In some cases disposal to a sewage treatment plant may be favored but plant performance must be maintained. To assess the potential effects of such wastewaters on biological wastewater treatment, model nitrifying organisms Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrobacter winogradskyi were exposed to simulated wastewaters containing varying levels of yttrium or europium (10, 50 and 100 ppm), and the REE extractant tributyl phosphate (TBP, at 0.1 g/L). Y and Eu additions above 10 ppm inhibited N. europaea activity, even when initially virtually all of the REE was insoluble. The provision of TBP together with Eu increased inhibition of nitrite production by the N. europaea, although TBP alone did not substantially alter nitrifying activity N. winogradskyi was more sensitive to the stimulated wastewaters, with even 10 ppm Eu or Y inducing significant inhibition, and a complete shutdown of nitrifying activity occurred in the presence of the TBP. To analyze the availability of REEs in aqueous solutions, REE solubility has been calculated using the previously developed MSE (Mixed-Solvent Electrolyte) thermodynamic model. The model calculations reveal a strong pH dependence of solubility, which is typically controlled by the precipitation of REE hydroxides but may also be influenced by the formation of a phosphate phase.

  9. Effects of simulated rare earth recycling wastewaters on biological nitrification

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Fujita, Yoshiko; Barnes, Joni; Eslamimanesh, Ali; Lencka, Malgorzata M.; Anderko, Andrzej; Riman, Richard E.; Navrotsky, Alexandra

    2015-07-16

    Current efforts to increase domestic availability of rare-earth element (REE) supplies by recycling and expanded ore processing efforts will result in increased generation of associated wastewaters. In some cases disposal to a sewage treatment plant may be favored but plant performance must be maintained. To assess the potential effects of such wastewaters on biological wastewater treatment, model nitrifying organisms Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrobacter winogradskyi were exposed to simulated wastewaters containing varying levels of yttrium or europium (10, 50 and 100 ppm), and the REE extractant tributyl phosphate (TBP, at 0.1 g/L). Y and Eu additions above 10 ppm inhibited N.more » europaea activity, even when initially virtually all of the REE was insoluble. The provision of TBP together with Eu increased inhibition of nitrite production by the N. europaea, although TBP alone did not substantially alter nitrifying activity N. winogradskyi was more sensitive to the stimulated wastewaters, with even 10 ppm Eu or Y inducing significant inhibition, and a complete shutdown of nitrifying activity occurred in the presence of the TBP. To analyze the availability of REEs in aqueous solutions, REE solubility has been calculated using the previously developed MSE (Mixed-Solvent Electrolyte) thermodynamic model. The model calculations reveal a strong pH dependence of solubility, which is typically controlled by the precipitation of REE hydroxides but may also be influenced by the formation of a phosphate phase.« less

  10. Division of Chemical & Biological Sciences | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemical & Biological Sciences [PHOTO]Theory and modeling Researchers from the Ames Laboratory's Division of Chemical and Biological Sciences are developing computational tools to understand diffusion and reactivity in porous materials. Read more [PHOTO]Dynamic Nuclear Polarization The Ames Laboratory is home to the United States' first dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer dedicated to the study of materials science and chemistry. Read

  11. Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 1 | Sample Preparation...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Cynthia Patty | (650) 926-3925 Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 1 Inventory The BioChemMat Lab 1 at SSRL is dedicated to researcher experiments, including x-ray ...

  12. Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 2 | Sample Preparation...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Cynthia Patty | (650) 926-3925 Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 2 Inventory The BioChemMat Lab 2 (BCM 2) at SSRL is dedicated to researcher experiments, including ...

  13. DOE Science Showcase - Earth System Models | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    on advancing coupled climate and earth system models for climate change projections at global-to-regional spatial scales and temporal scales spanning decadal to centennial. ...

  14. LANL | Earth and Environmental Sciences Division (EES) | Home...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Systems Monitoring, Measurement, & VerificationSensors Nuclear Weapons Effects Energy Systems Repository Science Waste & Geomaterial Characterization Environmental...

  15. DOE Science Showcase - Rare Earth Metal Research from DOE Databases...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Citations Database - Intermultiplet transitions in rare-earth metals DOE Green Energy - LaNi.sub.5 is-based metal hydride electrode in Ni-MH rechargeable cells ...

  16. Grand Research Questions in the Solid-Earth Sciences Final Scientific/Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linn, Anne M.

    2008-12-03

    Over the past three decades, Earth scientists have made great strides in understanding our planet’s workings and history. Yet this progress has served principally to lay bare more fundamental questions about the Earth. Expanding knowledge is generating new questions, while innovative technologies and new partnerships with other sciences provide new paths toward answers. A National Academies committee was established to frame some of the great intellectual challenges inherent in the study of the Earth and planets. The goal was to focus on science, not implementation issues, such as facilities or recommendations aimed at specific agencies. The committee canvassed the geological community and deliberated at length to arrive at 10 questions: 1. How did Earth and other planets form? 2. What happened during Earth’s “dark age” (the first 500 million years)? 3. How did life begin? 4. How does Earth’s interior work, and how does it affect the surface? 5. Why does Earth have plate tectonics and continents? 6. How are Earth processes controlled by material properties? 7. What causes climate to change—and how much can it change? 8. How has life shaped Earth—and how has Earth shaped life? 9. Can earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and their consequences be predicted? 10. How do fluid flow and transport affect the human environment? Written for graduate students, colleagues in sister disciplines, and program managers funding Earth and planetary science research, the report describes where the field stands, how it got there, and where it might be headed. Our hope is that the report will spark new interest in and support for the field by showing how Earth science can contribute to a wide range of issues—including some not always associated with the solid Earth—from the formation of the solar system to climate change to the origin of life. Its reach goes beyond the United States; the report is being translated into Chinese and distributed in China.

  17. Gulf Stream Locale R. J. Alliss and S. Raman Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    R. J. Alliss and S. Raman Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695-8208 Introduction Clouds have long been recognized as having a major impact on the radiation budget in the earth's climate system. One of the preferred areas for the production of clouds is off the east coast of the United States. The formation of clouds in this region, particularly during the winter months, is caused predominately by the presence of the Gulf Stream,

  18. Hierarchical Diagnosis J. E. Kristjansson and C-Y.J. Kao Earth and Environmental Sciences Division

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Kristjansson and C-Y.J. Kao Earth and Environmental Sciences Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM 87545 Most of today's general circulation models (GCMs) have a greatly simplified treatment of condensation and clouds. Recent observational studies of the earth's radiation budget have suggested cloud-related feedback mechanisms to be of tremendous importance for the issue of global change. Thus, an urgent need for improvements in the treatment of clouds in GCMs has arisen,

  19. DOE National Science Bowl Kicks Off Tomorrow, April 27 | Department...

    Energy Savers

    Bowl final competition in Washington D.C. The students will be quizzed on all science disciplines, including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, astronomy, and math. ...

  20. The 20th Annual National Science Bowl Competition Winds into...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    During the mock competition, the First Lady and Secretary of Energy quizzed the students on astronomy, biology, chemistry, Earth science, general science, mathematics, and physics. ...

  1. Energy Department Announces Prizes for 2013 National Science...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    disciplines including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, astronomy and math. ... opportunities about glaciology, marine and avian biology, geology and plate tectonics. ...

  2. 103 Teams to Head to DOE's National Science Bowl in Washington...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The students will be quizzed on all science disciplines including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics and astronomy, as well as math. Below is a sample question from a ...

  3. OSTIblog Articles in the biological sciences Topic | OSTI, US...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    To find out more about neutrinos and modern physics research results, go to Science Accelerator, a gateway to science that includes R&D results, project descriptions, ...

  4. Hierarchical Diagnosis C.-Y.J. Kao and W. S. Smith Earth and Environmental Sciences Division

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    C.-Y.J. Kao and W. S. Smith Earth and Environmental Sciences Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos. NM 87545 One important finding of the FIRE data is the diurnal variation of cloud behavior (e.g., Blaskovic and Davies 1991: Betts 1990) in terms of cloud liquid water content and cloud depth. To simulate the observed cloud diurnal variability, we incorporated a parameterization of shortwave absorption due to clouds (Slingo and Schrecker 1982) into our model. In this paper, we will

  5. Applications of the Advanced Light Source to problems in the earth, soil, and environmental sciences report of the workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    This report discusses the following topics: ALS status and research opportunities; advanced light source applications to geological materials; applications in the soil and environmental sciences; x-ray microprobe analysis; potential applications of the ALS in soil and environmental sciences; and x-ray spectroscopy using soft x-rays: applications to earth materials.

  6. Carbon Cycling and Biosequestration Integrating Biology and Climate Through Systems Science Report from the March 2008 Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graber, J.; Amthor, J.; Dahlman, R.; Drell, D.; Weatherwax, S.

    2008-12-01

    One of the most daunting challenges facing science in the 21st Century is to predict how Earth's ecosystems will respond to global climate change. The global carbon cycle plays a central role in regulating atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) levels and thus Earth's climate, but our basic understanding of the myriad of tightly interlinked biological processes that drive the global carbon cycle remains limited at best. Whether terrestrial and ocean ecosystems will capture, store, or release carbon is highly dependent on how changing climate conditions affect processes performed by the organisms that form Earth's biosphere. Advancing our knowledge of biological components of the global carbon cycle is thus crucial to predicting potential climate change impacts, assessing the viability of climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies, and informing relevant policy decisions. Global carbon cycling is dominated by the paired biological processes of photosynthesis and respiration. Photosynthetic plants and microbes of Earth's land-masses and oceans use solar energy to transform atmospheric CO{sub 2} into organic carbon. The majority of this organic carbon is rapidly consumed by plants or microbial decomposers for respiration and returned to the atmosphere as CO{sub 2}. Coupling between the two processes results in a near equilibrium between photosynthesis and respiration at the global scale, but some fraction of organic carbon also remains in stabilized forms such as biomass, soil, and deep ocean sediments. This process, known as carbon biosequestration, temporarily removes carbon from active cycling and has thus far absorbed a substantial fraction of anthropogenic carbon emissions.

  7. A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gent, Peter; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Conley, Andrew; Vertenstein, Mariana; Craig, Anthony

    2013-02-13

    The objective of this award was to build a scalable and extensible Earth System Model that can be used to study climate change science. That objective has been achieved with the public release of the Community Earth System Model, version 1 (CESM1). In particular, the development of the CESM1 atmospheric chemistry component was substantially funded by this award, as was the development of the significantly improved coupler component. The CESM1 allows new climate change science in areas such as future air quality in very large cities, the effects of recovery of the southern hemisphere ozone hole, and effects of runoff from ice melt in the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. Results from a whole series of future climate projections using the CESM1 are also freely available via the web from the CMIP5 archive at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Many research papers using these results have now been published, and will form part of the 5th Assessment Report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which is to be published late in 2013.

  8. DC Students Flex Their Mental Muscles in Regional Science Bowl...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Seven student teams answered fast-paced questions on topics that included biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, energy, and math. Sidwell Friends School won first place, ...

  9. New Jersey Regional Science Bowl | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    elimination contest with question and answer rounds in the fields of chemistry, biology, physics, astronomy, mathematics and general and earth sciences. Teams from middle, high...

  10. Renewable Energy from Synthetic Biology (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Keasling, Jay

    2016-07-12

    Jay Keasling, co-leader of Berkeley Lab's Helios Project, is a groundbreaking researcher in the new scientific field of synthetic biology. In Helios, he directs the biology program, incorporating a range of approaches to increasing the efficacy and economy of plants and cellulose-degrading microbes to make solar-based fuels. He is a UC Berkeley professor of Chemical and Bioengineering, and founder of Amyris Biotechnologies, a company that was honored as a Technology Pioneer for 2006 by the World Economic Forum. Keasling has succeeded in using synthetic biology to develop a yeast-based production scheme for precursors of the antimalarial drug artemisinin in work funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

  11. Terrestrial Ecosystem Science | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global

  12. Science at ALCF | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science at ALCF Allocation Program - Any - Argonne Data Sceince Program INCITE ALCC ESP Director's Discretionary Year Year -Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Research Domain - Any - Physics Mathematics Computer Science Chemistry Earth Science Energy Technologies Materials Science Engineering Biological Sciences Apply

  13. SCIENCE PARAMETRICS FOR MISSIONS TO SEARCH FOR EARTH-LIKE EXOPLANETS BY DIRECT IMAGING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Robert A.

    2015-01-20

    We use N{sub t} , the number of exoplanets observed in time t, as a science metric to study direct-search missions like Terrestrial Planet Finder. In our model, N has 27 parameters, divided into three categories: 2 astronomical, 7 instrumental, and 18 science-operational. For various ''27-vectors'' of those parameters chosen to explore parameter space, we compute design reference missions to estimate N{sub t} . Our treatment includes the recovery of completeness c after a search observation, for revisits, solar and antisolar avoidance, observational overhead, and follow-on spectroscopy. Our baseline 27-vector has aperture D = 16 m, inner working angle IWA = 0.039'', mission time t = 0-5 yr, occurrence probability for Earth-like exoplanets η = 0.2, and typical values for the remaining 23 parameters. For the baseline case, a typical five-year design reference mission has an input catalog of ∼4700 stars with nonzero completeness, ∼1300 unique stars observed in ∼2600 observations, of which ∼1300 are revisits, and it produces N {sub 1} ∼ 50 exoplanets after one year and N {sub 5} ∼ 130 after five years. We explore offsets from the baseline for 10 parameters. We find that N depends strongly on IWA and only weakly on D. It also depends only weakly on zodiacal light for Z < 50 zodis, end-to-end efficiency for h > 0.2, and scattered starlight for ζ < 10{sup –10}. We find that observational overheads, completeness recovery and revisits, solar and antisolar avoidance, and follow-on spectroscopy are all important factors in estimating N.

  14. Supporting Advanced Scientific Computing Research * Basic Energy Sciences * Biological

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy S ciences N etwork Enabling Virtual Science June 9, 2009 Steve C o/er steve@es.net Dept. H ead, E nergy S ciences N etwork Lawrence B erkeley N aDonal L ab The E nergy S ciences N etwork The D epartment o f E nergy's O ffice o f S cience i s o ne o f t he l argest s upporters o f basic r esearch i n t he p hysical s ciences i n t he U .S. * Directly s upports t he r esearch o f s ome 1 5,000 s cienDsts, p ostdocs a nd g raduate s tudents at D OE l aboratories, u niversiDes, o ther F

  15. Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of energy atmospheric radiation measurement program ARM ARM The Importance of Radiation and Clouds for Climate Change The Earth's surface temperature is determined by the balance between incoming solar radiation and thermal (or infrared) radiation emitted by the Earth back to space. Changes in atmospheric composition, including greenhouse gases, clouds, and aerosols, can alter this balance and produce signifcant climate change. Global climate

  16. Frequently Asked Questions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    ... You can study using material from AP coursework, andor working with teachers or fellow students. Questions are in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, energy, mathematics ...

  17. Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) | U.S. DOE Office of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science (SC) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of

  18. DOE National Science Bowl Kicks off Saturday, April 30 | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will be quizzed on all science disciplines, including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics and astronomy, as well as math, and they will also compete in hands-on events. ...

  19. 21st Annual Department of Energy National Science Bowl April...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and the U.S. Virgin Islands - will be quizzed on various science topics including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, astronomy, and energy, as well as math. "The U.S. ...

  20. National Science Bowl Brings Best and Brightest to DC

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Science Bowl Finals in Washington D.C. April 27 to 30 pit 113 high and middle school teams against one another answering questions Jeopardy-style about biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, astronomy, and math.

  1. Molecular biology in marine science: Scientific questions, technological approaches, and practical implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-12-31

    This report describes molecular techniques that could be invaluable in addressing process-oriented problems in the ocean sciences that have perplexed oceanographers for decades, such as understanding the basis for biogeochemical processes, recruitment processes, upper-ocean dynamics, biological impacts of global warming, and ecological impacts of human activities. The coupling of highly sophisticated methods, such as satellite remote sensing, which permits synoptic monitoring of chemical, physical, and biological parameters over large areas, with the power of modern molecular tools for ``ground truthing`` at small scales could allow scientists to address questions about marine organisms and the ocean in which they live that could not be answered previously. Clearly, the marine sciences are on the threshold of an exciting new frontier of scientific discovery and economic opportunity.

  2. Protecting environment, national security, and health earth and environmental sciences 1997 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, J

    1998-04-01

    This document presents research highlights and initiatives for the environmental sciences and safety and health programs at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

  3. Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000

  4. Data Management | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Data Management Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate

  5. The BIOSCI electronic newsgroup network for the biological sciences. Final report, October 1, 1992--June 30, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kristofferson, D.; Mack, D.

    1996-10-01

    This is the final report for a DOE funded project on BIOSCI Electronic Newsgroup Network for the biological sciences. A usable network for scientific discussion, major announcements, problem solving, etc. has been created.

  6. Earth Systems Questions in Experimental Climate Change Science: Pressing Questions and Necessary Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osmond, B.

    2002-05-20

    Sixty-four scientists from universities, national laboratories, and other research institutions worldwide met to evaluate the feasibility and potential of the Biosphere2 Laboratory (B2L) as an inclusive multi-user scientific facility (i.e., a facility open to researchers from all institutions, according to agreed principles of access) for earth system studies and engineering research, education, and training relevant to the mission of the United States Department of Energy (DOE).

  7. Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Science Office of Science * * * Office of Science Office of * * * * * Office of Science Office of Science * * * Office of Science * * * * 287 115 ...

  8. Protecting environment, national security, and health, earth and environment sciences 1996 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, J.C.; Younker, L.; Proctor, I.; Bannevik, B.; Layton, D.; Jackson, K.; Hannon, J.

    1996-01-01

    In 1994, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory established a new directorate, called Environmental Program, to form one organization combining most of the Laboratory`s capabilities in the geosciences and ecological sciences with its supporting technologies in analytical areas such as molecular, radiation, and particle spectrometry; high-pressure physics; and bioscience applied to bioremediation. Current areas of research include atmospheric radiative transfer, chemistry, dynamics, and climate processes; physics of the atmospheric boundary layer and cloud processes; seismic processes; geochemistry and geophysics; pathway, dosimetry, and risk analysis of radioactive and toxic substances; isotopic and ion-beam sciences; modeling of subsurface flow and transport; subsurface imaging and characterization; in situ environmental remediation using natural and engineered processes; and design, analysis, and testing of advanced waste-treatment technologies.

  9. High School Science Bowl | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    High School Science Bowl January 28, 2017 A Competition Like No Other The Iowa Regional High School Science Bowl is an opportunity for Iowa's top science and math students to face-off in an intense question and answer format where contestants are quizzed on their knowledge of math and a range of science disciplines including biology, chemistry, Earth and space science, physics and energy. Iowa's Regional competition is hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and Iowa State

  10. Science at ALCF | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science at ALCF Allocation Program - Any - Argonne Data Sceince Program INCITE ALCC ESP Director's Discretionary Year Year -Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Research Domain - Any - Physics Mathematics Computer Science Chemistry Earth Science Energy Technologies Materials Science Engineering Biological Sciences Apply sort descending An example of a Category 5 hurricane simulated by the CESM at 13 km resolution Accelerated Climate Modeling for Energy Mark Taylor, Sandia National

  11. Progress Report 2008: A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drake, John B; Worley, Patrick H; Hoffman, Forrest M; Jones, Phil

    2009-01-01

    This project employs multi-disciplinary teams to accelerate development of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM), based at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). A consortium of eight Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories collaborate with NCAR and the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO). The laboratories are Argonne (ANL), Brookhaven (BNL) Los Alamos (LANL), Lawrence Berkeley (LBNL), Lawrence Livermore (LLNL), Oak Ridge (ORNL), Pacific Northwest (PNNL) and Sandia (SNL). The work plan focuses on scalablity for petascale computation and extensibility to a more comprehensive earth system model. Our stated goal is to support the DOE mission in climate change research by helping ... To determine the range of possible climate changes over the 21st century and beyond through simulations using a more accurate climate system model that includes the full range of human and natural climate feedbacks with increased realism and spatial resolution.

  12. Biology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biology @WIPP Life Begins at 250,000,000 Years WIPP's underground isn't just suited for ... radiation, one biology experiment actually conducts tests related to this phenomenon. ...

  13. ARM Climate Research Facility | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    ARM Climate Research Facility Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global

  14. Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional

  15. Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    (SC) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate

  16. Subsurface Biogeochemical Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional &

  17. ARM - Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team ...

  18. William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) | U.S.

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    DOE Office of Science (SC) William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)

  19. Trace rare earth element analysis of IAEA hair (HH-1), animal bone (H-5) and other biological standards by radiochemical neutron activation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lepel, E.A.; Laul, J.C.

    1986-03-01

    A radiochemical neutron activation analysis using a rare earth group separation scheme has been used to measure ultratrace levels of rare earth elements (REE) in IAEA Human Hair (HH-1), IAEA Animal Bone (H-5), NBS Bovine Liver (SRM 1577), and NBS Orchard Leaf (SRM 1571) standards. The REE concentrations in Human Hair and Animal Bone range from 10/sup -8/g/g to 10/sup -11/g/g and their chondritic normalized REE patterns show a negative Eu anomaly and follow as a smooth function of the REE ionic radii. The REE patterns for NBS Bovine Liver and Orchard Leaf are identical except that their concentrations are higher. The similarity among the REE patterns suggest that the REE do not appear to be fractionated during the intake of biological materials by animals or humans. 14 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. Opportunities for Materials Science and Biological Research at the OPAL Research Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, S. J.

    2008-03-17

    Neutron scattering techniques have evolved over more than 1/2 century into a powerful set of tools for determination of atomic and molecular structures. Modern facilities offer the possibility to determine complex structures over length scales from {approx}0.1 nm to {approx}500 nm. They can also provide information on atomic and molecular dynamics, on magnetic interactions and on the location and behaviour of hydrogen in a variety of materials. The OPAL Research Reactor is a 20 megawatt pool type reactor using low enriched uranium fuel, and cooled by water. OPAL is a multipurpose neutron factory with modern facilities for neutron beam research, radioisotope production and irradiation services. The neutron beam facility has been designed to compete with the best beam facilities in the world. After six years in construction, the reactor and neutron beam facilities are now being commissioned, and we will commence scientific experiments later this year. The presentation will include an outline of the strengths of neutron scattering and a description of the OPAL research reactor, with particular emphasis on it's scientific infrastructure. It will also provide an overview of the opportunities for research in materials science and biology that will be possible at OPAL, and mechanisms for accessing the facilities. The discussion will emphasize how researchers from around the world can utilize these exciting new facilities.

  1. Earth materials and earth dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, K; Shankland, T.

    2000-11-01

    In the project ''Earth Materials and Earth Dynamics'' we linked fundamental and exploratory, experimental, theoretical, and computational research programs to shed light on the current and past states of the dynamic Earth. Our objective was to combine different geological, geochemical, geophysical, and materials science analyses with numerical techniques to illuminate active processes in the Earth. These processes include fluid-rock interactions that form and modify the lithosphere, non-linear wave attenuations in rocks that drive plate tectonics and perturb the earth's surface, dynamic recrystallization of olivine that deforms the upper mantle, development of texture in high-pressure olivine polymorphs that create anisotropic velocity regions in the convecting upper mantle and transition zone, and the intense chemical reactions between the mantle and core. We measured physical properties such as texture and nonlinear elasticity, equation of states at simultaneous pressures and temperatures, magnetic spins and bonding, chemical permeability, and thermal-chemical feedback to better characterize earth materials. We artificially generated seismic waves, numerically modeled fluid flow and transport in rock systems and modified polycrystal plasticity theory to interpret measured physical properties and integrate them into our understanding of the Earth. This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL).

  2. Earth Sciences Research Center

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion ... Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear ...

  3. Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Stockpile Stewardship National Security National Competitiveness Fusion and Ignition Energy for the Future How to Make a Star Discovery Science Photon Science HAPLS...

  4. Nan Sauer named Associate Director for Chemistry, Life, and Earth...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sauer named AD for Chemistry, Life, and Earth Sciences Nan Sauer named Associate Director for Chemistry, Life, and Earth Sciences Sauer has a distinguished track record as a ...

  5. A Present . . . And A Future | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    They'll be challenged to solve mathematical problems and tested on their knowledge of a wide range of disciplines including astronomy, biology, earth science and physics. Click to ...

  6. Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ...15 The international prize is awarded annually to four young scientists for outstanding life science research for which ... points this week in the journal Science winning a 2015 ...

  7. Science Facilities

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Navigation Los Alamos National Laboratory Search Site submit About Mission Business News Room Publications Phonebook Los Alamos National Laboratory Delivering science and technology to protect our nation and promote world stability Science & Innovation Collaboration Careers Community Environment Science & Engineering Capabilities Accelerators, Electrodynamics Bioscience, Biosecurity, Health Chemical Science Earth, Space Sciences Energy Engineering High Energy Density Plasmas, Fluids

  8. Dynamic Processes in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science: Opportunities for UltraFast Transmission Electron Microscopy - Workshop Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kabius, Bernd C.; Browning, Nigel D.; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Diehl, Barbara L.; Stach, Eric A.

    2012-07-25

    This report summarizes a 2011 workshop that addressed the potential role of rapid, time-resolved electron microscopy measurements in accelerating the solution of important scientific and technical problems. A series of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Academy of Science workshops have highlighted the critical role advanced research tools play in addressing scientific challenges relevant to biology, sustainable energy, and technologies that will fuel economic development without degrading our environment. Among the specific capability needs for advancing science and technology are tools that extract more detailed information in realistic environments (in situ or operando) at extreme conditions (pressure and temperature) and as a function of time (dynamic and time-dependent). One of the DOE workshops, Future Science Needs and Opportunities for Electron Scattering: Next Generation Instrumentation and Beyond, specifically addressed the importance of electron-based characterization methods for a wide range of energy-relevant Grand Scientific Challenges. Boosted by the electron optical advancement in the last decade, a diversity of in situ capabilities already is available in many laboratories. The obvious remaining major capability gap in electron microscopy is in the ability to make these direct in situ observations over a broad spectrum of fast (µs) to ultrafast (picosecond [ps] and faster) temporal regimes. In an effort to address current capability gaps, EMSL, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, organized an Ultrafast Electron Microscopy Workshop, held June 14-15, 2011, with the primary goal to identify the scientific needs that could be met by creating a facility capable of a strongly improved time resolution with integrated in situ capabilities. The workshop brought together more than 40 leading scientists involved in applying and/or advancing electron microscopy to address important scientific problems of relevance to DOE’s research

  9. PNNL: Staff Search - Fundamental & Computational Sciences Directorate

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Divisions Advanced Computing, Mathematics & Data Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change Biological Sciences Physical Sciences User Facilities Environmental Molecular Sciences ...

  10. A densely distributed high-sensitivity seismograph network in Japan: Hi-net by National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obara, Kazushige; Kasahara, Keiji; Hori, Sadaki; Okada, Yoshimitsu

    2005-02-01

    Seismic observations to retrieve various information from the Earth are the basis of seismology. A seismic observation system requires various technologies for vibration sensors, analog-and-digital measurement, data transmission, and computing for mass data analysis, for example. New developments in technology are adopted whenever possible in the construction of seismic observation systems. In Japan, after the disastrous Kobe Earthquake in 1995, a high-density and high-sensitivity seismograph network was constructed. The seismic network, called the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED) Hi-net, uniformly covers the Japanese Islands with a spacing of 20-30 km. As a result, the detection capability for microearthquakes has been greatly improved, and various research using Hi-net data has indicated that this seismic network has a great potential to resolve the underground structure and various geophysical phenomena as a radar-array oriented toward the Earth. Equipped with modern standard techniques, the Hi-net system is designed to be able to be smoothly upgradeable in the future.

  11. OSTIblog Articles in the biological sciences Topic | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information sciences Topic Faster than the speed of light? Or an anomaly? by Kate Bannan 27 Sep, 2011 in Science Communications 4360 einstein.jpg Faster than the speed of light? Or an anomaly? Read more about 4360 According to Einstein's theory of relativity, it is not possible for matter to travel faster than the speed of light in a vacuum. The speed of light (186,282 miles per second) has long been considered a cosmic speed limit, and much of

  12. Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Science & Technology Images of Lab scientists and researchers at work. News Releases Science Briefs Photos Picture of the Week Publications Social Media Videos Fact Sheets PHOTOS BY TOPIC Careers Community Visitors Environment History Science The Lab Click thumbnails to enlarge. Photos arranged by most recent first, horizontal formats before vertical. See Flickr for more sizes and details. Astronomical simulation in the CAVE - 1 Astronomical simulation in the CAVE - 1 Scientist sees

  13. Materials Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science Materials Science National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. Materials Physics and Applications» Materials Science and Technology» Institute for Materials Science» Materials Science Rob Dickerson uses a state-of-the-art transmission electron microscope at the Electron Microscopy Laboratory managed by Los

  14. Material Science and Nuclear Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Material Science and Nuclear Science Material Science and Nuclear Science National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. The Lab's four Science Pillars harness capabilities for solutions to threats- on national and global scales. Contact thumbnail of Business Development Business Development Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation

  15. science

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    through the Predictive Capability Framework (PCF). The PCF is a long-term integrated roadmap to guide the science, technology and engineering activities and Directed Stockpile...

  16. Collaborative Research. Fundamental Science of Low Temperature Plasma-Biological Material Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graves, David Barry; Oehrlein, Gottlieb

    2014-09-01

    Low temperature plasma (LTP) treatment of biological tissue is a promising path toward sterilization of bacteria due to its versatility and ability to operate under well-controlled and relatively mild conditions. The present collaborative research of an interdisciplinary team of investigators at University of Maryland, College Park (UMD), and University of California, Berkeley (UCB) focused on establishing our knowledge based with regard to low temperature plasma-induced chemical modifications in biomolecules that result in inactivation due to various plasma species, including ions, reactive radicals, and UV/VUV photons. The overall goals of the project were to identify and quantify the mechanisms by which low and atmospheric pressure plasma deactivates endotoxic biomolecules. Additionally, we wanted to understand the mechanism by which atmospheric pressure plasmas (APP) modify surfaces and how these modifications depend on the interaction of APP with the environment. Various low pressure plasma sources, a vacuum beam system and several atmospheric pressure plasma sources were used to accomplish this. In our work we elucidated for the first time the role of ions, VUV photons and radicals in biological deactivation of representative biomolecules, both in a UHV beam system and an inductively coupled, low pressure plasma system, and established the associated atomistic biomolecule changes. While we showed that both ions and VUV photons can be very efficient in deactivation of biomolecules, significant etching and/or deep modification (~200 nm) accompanied these biological effects. One of the most important findings in this work is the significant radical-induced deactivation and surface modification can occur with minimal etching. However, if radical fluxes and corresponding etch rates are relatively high, for example at atmospheric pressure, endotoxic biomolecule film inactivation may require near-complete removal of the film. These findings motivated further work at

  17. LLNL-Earth3D

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    Earth3D is a computer code designed to allow fast calculation of seismic rays and travel times through a 3D model of the Earth. LLNL is using this for earthquake location and global tomography efforts and such codes are of great interest to the Earth Science community.

  18. Students from Aurora Triumph in Denver Regional Science Bowl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Denver Regional Science Bowl For more information contact: e:mail: Public Affairs Golden, Colo., Feb. 27, 1999 — Students from Aurora's Smoky Hill High School won top honors at the 1999 Denver Regional Science Bowl today at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden. In the final round of rapid-fire questions about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, students from Smoky Hill High School were victorious over Highlands Ranch High School. Twenty-one student

  19. Students from Pueblo Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pueblo Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl For more information contact: e:mail: Public Affairs Golden, Colo., Feb. 28, 1998 — Students from Pueblo South High School won top honors at the 1998 Colorado Science Bowl today at Metropolitan State College in Denver. In the final round of rapid fire questions about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, students from Pueblo South High School were victorious over Pueblo Centennial High School. Forty-two student

  20. A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model ...

  1. Detection Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Project Description Chemistry used in measurement and detection science plays a crucial role in the Laboratory's Science of Signatures scientific thrust. Measurement and detection science areas that require chemistry include nuclear and radiological, materials, biological, energy, climate, and space. Los Alamos scientists integrate chemical-science capabilities to ensure that the Laboratory can

  2. Science Highlights | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlights Topic - Any - General Argonne Information -Awards -Honors Energy ... --Structural biology -Environmental science & technology --Air quality --Atmospheric ...

  3. Biological Applications

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biological Applications Biological Applications Bioscience technologies for biosecurity, infectious disease, and other threats. Bioscience Capabilities-for Collaboration View our capability sheets: get details of what we do. Atomic Magnetometer Micro Imaging MOL PCR Raman LIBS Waveguide Biosensor How we deploy innovation bioscience-foundational-science Cell biology hasn't been the same since Los Alamos pioneered flow cytometry in mid-1960s when a Lab scientist invented a cell separator that

  4. Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wikipedia to forecast diseases November 13, 2014 Los Alamos research published in Public Library of Science LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 13, 2014-Scientists can now monitor and forecast diseases around the globe more effectively by analyzing views of Wikipedia articles, according to a team from Los Alamos National Laboratory. "A global disease-forecasting system will improve the way we respond to epidemics," scientist Sara Del Valle said. "In the same way we check the weather each

  5. ARM - Key Science Questions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    govScienceKey Science Questions Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Key Science Questions

  6. Pueblo Centennial High School Wins Colorado High School Science Bowl - News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Releases | NREL Pueblo Centennial High School Wins Colorado High School Science Bowl February 23, 2008 Students from Pueblo Centennial High School won the Colorado High School Science Bowl today, taking the top spot for the second year in a row. In the final round of rapid-fire questions and answers about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, Pueblo Centennial triumphed over D'Evelyn Senior High School of Denver. Twenty-nine teams from across the

  7. Biological Applications of Synchrotron Radiation:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    A BioSync Report. Issued by the Structural Biology Synchrotron users Organization, ... of those beams has had a major impact on many areas of science, including biology. ...

  8. Biological and Environmental Research: Climate and Environmental Sciences Division: U.S./European Workshop on Climate Change Challenges and Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mather, James; McCord, Raymond; Sisterson, Doug; Voyles, Jimmy

    2012-11-08

    The workshop aimed to identify outstanding climate change science questions and the observational strategies for addressing them. The scientific focus was clouds, aerosols, and precipitation, and the required ground- and aerial-based observations. The workshop findings will be useful input for setting priorities within the Department of Energy (DOE) and the participating European centers. This joint workshop was envisioned as the first step in enhancing the collaboration among these climate research activities needed to better serve the science community.

  9. Biological and Environmental Research Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balaji, V.; Boden, Tom; Cowley, Dave; Dart, Eli; Dattoria, Vince; Desai, Narayan; Egan, Rob; Foster, Ian; Goldstone, Robin; Gregurick, Susan; Houghton, John; Izaurralde, Cesar; Johnston, Bill; Joseph, Renu; Kleese-van Dam, Kerstin; Lipton, Mary; Monga, Inder; Pritchard, Matt; Rotman, Lauren; Strand, Gary; Stuart, Cory; Tatusova, Tatiana; Tierney, Brian; Thomas, Brian; Williams, Dean N.; Zurawski, Jason

    2013-09-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 25 years. In November 2012, ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) of the DOE SC organized a review to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by the BER program office. Several key findings resulted from the review. Among them: 1) The scale of data sets available to science collaborations continues to increase exponentially. This has broad impact, both on the network and on the computational and storage systems connected to the network. 2) Many science collaborations require assistance to cope with the systems and network engineering challenges inherent in managing the rapid growth in data scale. 3) Several science domains operate distributed facilities that rely on high-performance networking for success. Key examples illustrated in this report include the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) and the Systems Biology Knowledgebase (KBase). This report expands on these points, and addresses others as well. The report contains a findings section as well as the text of the case studies discussed at the review.

  10. User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    have made significant contributions to various scientific fields, including chemistry, physics, geology, materials science, environmental science, biology, and biomedical science. ...

  11. Educate yourself about stewardship this Earth Day

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Educate yourself about stewardship this Earth Day Educate yourself about stewardship this Earth Day WHEN: Apr 20, 2016 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM WHERE: Bradbury Science Museum 1350 Central Ave, Los Alamos, NM 87544, USA CONTACT: Linda Anderman (505) 665-9196 CATEGORY: Bradbury INTERNAL: Calendar Login Event Description Earth Day open house Open House at the Bradbury Science Museum hosted by the Lab's Environmental Protection & Compliance-Environmental Stewardship resources team. Laboratory

  12. Earth's Magnetosphere

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mysterious electron stash found hidden among Van Allen belts March 1, 2013 Instruments detect never-before-seen phenomenon in Earth's Magnetosphere LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 1, 2013-U.S. researchers, including a trio from Los Alamos National Laboratory, have witnessed the mysterious appearance of a relatively long-lived zone of high-energy electrons stored between Earth's Van Allen radiation belts. The surprising findings, discovered by NASA's Van Allen Probes (formerly known as the Radiation Belt

  13. Jefferson Lab's Science Education Website Helps Students Prepare...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    math and science questions; 5th grade math, science and technology questions; 8th grade math, science and technology questions; and high school algebra I & II, geometry, earth...

  14. Jefferson Lab's Science Education Website Helps Students Prepare...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    math and science questions; 5th grade math, science and technology questions; 8th grade math, science and technology questions; high school algebra I & II, geometry, earth...

  15. Universal Biology, the Genetic

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Universal Biology, the Genetic Code and the First Billion Years of Life on Earth Nigel Goldenfeld University of Illinois May 25, 2016 4:00 p.m. - Wilson Hall, One West This ...

  16. Genomic Science | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Genomic Science Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Genomic Science DOE Bioenergy Research Centers Bioimaging Technology DOE Joint Genome Institute Structural Biology Radiochemistry & Imaging Instrumentation Radiobiology: Low Dose Radiation Research DOE Human Subjects Protection Program Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Facilities

  17. DOE Science Showcase - Atmospheric Radiation Measurement | OSTI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    program to collect and make available these data to the global climate science community. ... The ARM scientific infrastructure helps to advance Earth systems science. Related Research ...

  18. E-print Network home page -- Energy, science, and technology...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    sciences, primarily in physics but also including subject areas such as chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy ...

  19. Research News | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    sciences, primarily in physics but also including subject areas such as chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy ...

  20. Detter, John C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory] Basic Biological

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    State of the Art for Autonomous Detection Systems using Genomic Sequencing Detter, John C. Los Alamos National Laboratory Basic Biological Sciences(59) Biological Science...

  1. Science at ALCF | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science

  2. A Star on Earth

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Prager, Stewart; Zwicker, Andrew; Hammet, Greg; Tresemer, Kelsey; Diallo, Ahmed

    2016-07-12

    At the Energy Department's Princeton Plasma Physics Lab, scientists are trying to accomplish what was once considered the realm of science fiction: create a star on Earth. The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) is a magnetic fusion device that is used to study the physics principles of spherically shaped plasmas -- hot ionized gases in which, under the right conditions, nuclear fusion will occur. Fusion is the energy source of the sun and all of the stars. Not just limited to theoretical work, the NSTX is enabling cutting-edge research to develop fusion as a future energy source.

  3. A Star on Earth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prager, Stewart; Zwicker, Andrew; Hammet, Greg; Tresemer, Kelsey; Diallo, Ahmed

    2014-03-05

    At the Energy Department's Princeton Plasma Physics Lab, scientists are trying to accomplish what was once considered the realm of science fiction: create a star on Earth. The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) is a magnetic fusion device that is used to study the physics principles of spherically shaped plasmas -- hot ionized gases in which, under the right conditions, nuclear fusion will occur. Fusion is the energy source of the sun and all of the stars. Not just limited to theoretical work, the NSTX is enabling cutting-edge research to develop fusion as a future energy source.

  4. Characterization and Recovery of Rare Earths from Coal and By...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Characterization and Recovery of Rare Earths from Coal and By-Products ... Visit OSTI to utilize additional information resources in energy science and technology. A ...

  5. A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science Gent, Peter; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Conley, Andrew; Vertenstein, Mariana; Craig, Anthony 54 ENVIRONMENTAL...

  6. All User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Neutron Scanning Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Science ...

  7. DOE SciDAC’s Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Final Report for University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chervenak, Ann Louise

    2013-12-19

    The mission of the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) is to provide the worldwide climate-research community with access to the data, information, model codes, analysis tools, and intercomparison capabilities required to make sense of enormous climate data sets. Its specific goals are to (1) provide an easy-to-use and secure web-based data access environment for data sets; (2) add value to individual data sets by presenting them in the context of other data sets and tools for comparative analysis; (3) address the specific requirements of participating organizations with respect to bandwidth, access restrictions, and replication; (4) ensure that the data are readily accessible through the analysis and visualization tools used by the climate research community; and (5) transfer infrastructure advances to other domain areas. For the ESGF, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET) team has led international development and delivered a production environment for managing and accessing ultra-scale climate data. This production environment includes multiple national and international climate projects (such as the Community Earth System Model and the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project), ocean model data (such as the Parallel Ocean Program), observation data (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Best Estimate, Carbon Dioxide Information and Analysis Center, Atmospheric Infrared Sounder, etc.), and analysis and visualization tools, all serving a diverse user community. These data holdings and services are distributed across multiple ESG-CET sites (such as ANL, LANL, LBNL/NERSC, LLNL/PCMDI, NCAR, and ORNL) and at unfunded partner sites, such as the Australian National University National Computational Infrastructure, the British Atmospheric Data Centre, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, the German Climate Computing

  8. Google Earth Tour: Contaminants

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Google Earth Tour: Contaminants Google Earth Tour: Contaminants Historical operations used the best available waste handling methods for that time.

  9. BER Science Network Requirements

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Network Requirements Report of the Biological and Environmental Research Network Requirements Workshop Conducted July 26 and 27, 2007 BER Science Network Requirements Workshop Biological and Environmental Research Program Office, DOE Office of Science Energy Sciences Network Bethesda, MD - July 26 and 27, 2007 ESnet is funded by the US Dept. of Energy, Office of Science, Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program. Dan Hitchcock is the ESnet Program Manager. ESnet is operated by

  10. Photo Gallery: National Labs and the Science Behind Nuclear Security...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    computing; national security; engines; alternative fuels; environmental science; physics; chemistry and biological sciences. Image: Photo courtesy of Argonne...

  11. Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    News Releases | NREL Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl February 8, 2003 Golden, CO. - Students from Smoky Hill High School won top honors at the Colorado Science Bowl today at the Colorado School of Mines. In the final round of rapid-fire questions and answers about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, students from Smoky Hill High School team #2 were victorious over their peers, Smoky Hill team #3. At the end of

  12. Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    News Releases | NREL Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl February 7, 2004 Golden, Colo. - Students from Smoky Hill High School won top honors today at the Colorado Science Bowl for the third year in a row. In the final round of rapid-fire questions and answers about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, Smoky Hill High School was victorious over Pueblo Centennial High School. Thirty-nine student teams from across the

  13. Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    News Releases | NREL Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl February 12, 2005 Golden, Colo. - Students from Smoky Hill High School won top honors at the Colorado Science Bowl today for the fourth year in a row. In the final round of rapid-fire questions and answers about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, Smoky Hill High School team #2 from Aurora was victorious over Smoky Hill High School team #1. Thirty-six student

  14. Biomass Burning Observation Project Science Plan (Program Document...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Science Plan Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Biomass Burning Observation Project Science Plan Aerosols from biomass burning perturb Earth's climate through the direct ...

  15. X-Ray Microscopy and Imaging: Science and Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    fields: Biology and Life Sciences Environmental Sciences Materials Science Nanoscience Optics and Fundamental Physics Our research often employs the following techniques: Coherent...

  16. Biological and Environmental Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biological and Environmental Research Biological and Environmental Research Understanding how genomic information is translated to functional capabilities, and the roles of Earth's biogeochemical systems so we can predict climate decades or centuries into the future. Get Expertise James Bossert (505) 667-3644 Email Cathy Wilson (505) 667-0202 Email Srinivas Iyer (505) 667-2690 Email Conducting research into sustainable biofuel production, improved carbon storage, and climate driven by a

  17. Geoengineering the Earth's Climate

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Google Tech Talks

    2016-07-12

    Emergency preparedness is generally considered to be a good thing, yet there is no plan regarding what we might do should we be faced with a climate emergency. Such an emergency could take the form of a rapid shift in precipitation patterns, a collapse of the great ice sheets, the imminent triggering of strong climate system feedbacks, or perhaps the loss of valuable ecosystems. Over the past decade, we have used climate models to investigate the potential to reverse some of the effects of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by deflecting some incoming sunlight back to space. This would probably be most cost-effectively achieved with the placement of small particles in or above the stratosphere. Our model simulations indicate that such geoengineering approaches could potentially bring our climate closer to the state is was in prior to the introduction of greenhouse gases. This talk will present much of what is known about such geoengineering approaches, and raise a range of issues likely to stimulate lively discussion. Speaker: Ken Caldeira Ken Caldeira is a scientist at the Carnegie Institution Department of Global Ecology and a Professor (by courtesy) at the Stanford University Department of Environmental and Earth System Sciences. Previously, he worked for 12 years in the Energy and Environment Directorate at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Department of Energy). His research interests include the numerical simulation of Earth's climate, carbon, and biogeochemistry; ocean acidification; climate emergency response systems; evaluating approaches to supplying environmentally-friendly energy services; ocean carbon sequestration; long-term evolution of climate and geochemical cycles; and marine biogeochemical cycles. Caldeira has a B.A. in Philosophy from Rutgers College and an M.S. and Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences from New York University.

  18. Photo of the Week: Students from Roosevelt Middle School win...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    disciplines, including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, astronomy and math. ... disciplines, including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, astronomy and math. ...

  19. Genomics and Systems Biology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Genomics and Systems Biology Genomics and Systems Biology Los Alamos scientists perform research in functional genomics and structural genomics, and applications for such work cover diverse fields such as energy, agriculture, and environmental cleanup. Contact Us Babetta Marrone Biofuels Program Manager Email Cheryl Kuske DOE BER Biological System Science Division Program Manager Email Kirsten McCabe Emerging Threats Program Manager Email Rebecca McDonald Bioscience Communications Email "We

  20. Google Earth Tour: Contaminants

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Google Earth Tour: Contaminants Google Earth Tour: Contaminants Historical operations used the best available waste handling methods for that time. Open full screen to view more...

  1. Faces of Science: Joel Rowland

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Joel Rowland Faces of Science: Joel Rowland Joel Rowland is fascinated with the natural world-that water, wind and sediment can be organized into spectacular patterns. Today, this passion drives him to study how climate change affects the shape and organization of landscapes dominated by permafrost. March 4, 2015 Joel Rowland Joel Rowland, Earth Sciences Contact Communications Office (505) 667-6700 EARTH SCIENCES Asking "why?" solves riddles of permafrost Joel Rowland's favorite

  2. Life sciences and environmental sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER`s mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

  3. Life sciences and environmental sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER's mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

  4. Sandia Energy Earth Sciences Research Center

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Participate in 46th Annual American Geophysical Union (AGU) Conference http:energy.sandia.govsandians-participate-in-46th-annual-american-geophysical-union-agu-conference...

  5. SC e-journals, Earth Sciences

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Archaeobotany Visual Geosciences Virtual Journal of Biomedical Optics Water, Air, and Soil Pollution Water, Air, and Soil Pollution: Focus Water Alternatives - OAJ Water ...

  6. Earth Sciences Division annual report 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-07-01

    Research is reported on: reservoir engineering and hydrogeology, geomechanics, geophysics, and geochemistry. Separate entries were prepared for 67 research activities.

  7. Earth coupled cooling techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grondzik, W.T.; Boyer, L.L.; Johnston, T.L.

    1981-01-01

    Earth coupled cooling is an important consideration for residential and commercial designers, owners, and builders in many regions of the country. The potential benefits which can be expected from passive earth contact cooling are reviewed. Recommendations for the design of earth sheltered structures incorporating earth coupled cooling strategies are also presented.

  8. CoolEarth formerly Cool Earth Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    CoolEarth formerly Cool Earth Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: CoolEarth (formerly Cool Earth Solar) Place: Livermore, California Zip: 94550 Product: CoolEarth is a...

  9. Licensable Life Science Technologies | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Licensable Life Science Technologies A selection of biology-based technologies available for licensing PDF icon licensablebiologicaltechnologies

  10. Rare Earth Atoms Make the Best Thermoelectrics Better | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Science (SC) Rare Earth Atoms Make the Best Thermoelectrics Better Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Community Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: Email Us More Information » 10.01.12 Rare Earth Atoms Make

  11. OSTIblog Articles in the Earth Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Join OSTI for Earth Week by Kate Bannan 15 Apr, 2011 in Science Communications 4370 green-energy-blog-post.PNG Join OSTI for Earth Week Read more about 4370 Forrestal: April 18-22 ...

  12. About the Office of Science | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    ... Each of the programs in the Office of Science supports research to probe the most fundamental questions of its disciplines. In chemistry, material sciences, and biology, the ...

  13. Office of Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Science Office of Science Enabling remarkable discoveries and tools that transform our understanding of energy and matter and advance national, economic, and energy security. Advanced Scientific Computing Research» Basic Energy Sciences» Biological and Environmental Research» Fusion Energy Sciences» High Energy Physics» Nuclear Physics» Los Alamos projects help set path to next-generation supercomputers Los Alamos projects help set path to next-generation supercomputers READ MORE

  14. Elements in biological AMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vogel, J.S.; McAninch, J.; Freeman, S.

    1996-08-01

    AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) provides high detection sensitivity for isotopes whose half-lives are between 10 years and 100 million years. {sup 14}C is the most developed of such isotopes and is used in tracing natural and anthropogenic organic compounds in the Earth`s biosphere. Thirty-three elements in the main periodic table and 17 lanthanides or actinides have long lived isotopes, providing potential tracers for research in elemental biochemistry. Overlap of biologically interesting heavy elements and possible AMS tracers is discussed.

  15. Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of The Biological and

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Environmental Research Advisory Committee | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of The Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Current BERAC Charges Archive of BERAC Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Charges/Reports Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of

  16. DOE SciDAC's Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Final

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Report for University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect DOE SciDAC's Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Final Report for University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute Citation Details In-Document Search Title: DOE SciDAC's Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Final Report for University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute The mission of the Earth System Grid Federation

  17. Annual symposium on Frontiers in Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metzger, N.; Fulton, K.R.

    1998-12-31

    This final report summarizes activities conducted for the National Academy of Sciences' Annual Symposium on Frontiers of Science with support from the US Department of Energy for the period July 1, 1993 through May 31, 1998. During the report period, five Frontiers of Science symposia were held at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering. For each Symposium, an organizing committee appointed by the NAS President selected and planned the eight sessions for the Symposium and identified general participants for invitation by the NAS President. These Symposia accomplished their goal of bringing together outstanding younger (age 45 or less) scientists to hear presentations in disciplines outside their own and to discuss exciting advances and opportunities in their fields in a format that encourages, and allows adequate time for, informal one-on-one discussions among participants. Of the 458 younger scientists who participated, over a quarter (124) were women. Participant lists for all symposia (1993--1997) are attached. The scientific participants were leaders in basic research from academic, industrial, and federal laboratories in such disciplines as astronomy, astrophysics, atmospheric science, biochemistry, cell biology, chemistry, computer science, earth sciences, engineering, genetics, material sciences, mathematics, microbiology, neuroscience, physics, and physiology. For each symposia, the 24 speakers and discussants on the program were urged to focus their presentations on current cutting-edge research in their field for a scientifically sophisticated but non-specialist audience, and to provide a sense of the experimental data--what is actually measured and seen in the various fields. They were also asked to address questions such as: What are the major research problems and unique tools in their field? What are the current limitations on advances as well as the frontiers? Speakers were asked to provide a 2500- to

  18. Argonne's Earth Day 2011

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2016-07-12

    Argonne celebrated Earth Day on April 21, 2011 with an event that featured green activities and information booths.

  19. Earth System Processes

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    earth system processes Earth System Processes Cosmogenic isotopes are rare isotopes created when a high-energy cosmic ray interacts with the nucleus of an atom, causing cosmic ray spallation. These isotopes are produced within earth materials such as rocks or soil, in Earth's atmosphere, and in extraterrestrial items such as meteorites. By measuring cosmogenic isotopes, scientists are able to gain insight into a range of geological and astronomical processes. Cosmogenic nuclides can provide a

  20. Advanced Photon Source (APS) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    in a variety of disciplines, including condensed matter physics, materials sciences, chemistry, geosciences, structural biology, medical imaging, and environmental sciences. ...

  1. Information Science, Computing, Applied Math

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Science, Computing, Applied Math Information Science, Computing, Applied Math National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences (CCS)» High Performance Computing (HPC)» Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design» supercomputing into the future Overview Los Alamos Asteroid Killer

  2. National Ignition Facility & Photon Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    National Ignition Facility & Photon Science limitless energy the Promise of Limitless energy harnessing the energy of the sun and stars to meet the earth's energy needs has been a ...

  3. ARM - Selected Science Team Applications - FY 2008

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    8 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Applications - FY 2008 The

  4. ARM - Selected Science Team Applications - FY 2009

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    9 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Applications - FY 2009 The

  5. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1991

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1991 Dr. Richard

  6. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1992

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1992 Dr. R.

  7. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1994

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    4 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1994 Dr. Thomas

  8. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1995

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1995 Dr. R.

  9. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1997

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1997 Dr. Thomas

  10. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1998

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    8 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 1998 Dr. Shepard

  11. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 2002

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 2002 The Office

  12. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 2003

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 2003 The Office

  13. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 2005

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 2005 The Office

  14. ARM - Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 2006

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Selected Science Team Proposals - FY 2006 The Office

  15. Rare Earth Elements Home Page

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Rare Earth Elements Rare Earth Elements from Coal and Coal By-Products logo. Download the 2016 Rare Earth Elements from Coal and Coal By-Products Project Portfolio Rare Earth ...

  16. Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BER Home » Research Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy

  17. SciDAC's Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Semi-Annual Progress Report for the Period October 1, 2009 through March 31, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Dean N.; Foster, I. T.; Middleton, D. E.; Ananthakrishnan, R.; Siebenlist, F.; Shoshani, A.; Sim, A.; Bell, G.; Drach, R.; Ahrens, J.; Jones, P.; Brown, D.; Chastang, J.; Cinquini, L.; Fox, P.; Harper, D.; Hook, N.; Nienhouse, E.; Strand, G.; West, P.; Wilcox, H.; Wilhelmi, N.; Zednik, S.; Hankin, S.; Schweitzer, R.; Bernholdt, D.; Chen, M.; Miller, R.; Shipman, G.; Wang, F.; Bharathi, S.; Chervenak, A.; Schuler, R.; Su, M.

    2010-04-21

    This report summarizes work carried out by the ESG-CET during the period October 1, 2009 through March 31, 2009. It includes discussion of highlights, overall progress, period goals, collaborations, papers, and presentations. To learn more about our project, and to find previous reports, please visit the Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET) website. This report will be forwarded to the DOE SciDAC program management, the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER) program management, national and international collaborators and stakeholders (e.g., the Community Climate System Model (CCSM), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment Report (AR5), the Climate Science Computational End Station (CCES), the SciDAC II: A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science, the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP), and other wide-ranging climate model evaluation activities).

  18. Dr. Cherry Murray Confirmed as Director of the Office of Science...

    Energy Savers

    Murray will oversee research in the areas of advanced scientific computing, basic energy sciences, biological and environmental sciences, fusion energy sciences, high energy ...

  19. Happy Earth Day 2011!

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Check out these resources from the Department of Energy to help you celebrate, get in the Earth Day spirit, and take action.

  20. Final Report of “Collaborative research: Fundamental science of low temperature plasma-biological material interactions” (Award# DE-SC0005105)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oehrlein, Gottlieb S.; Seog, Joonil; Graves, David; Chu, J. -W.

    2014-09-24

    Low temperature plasma (LTP) treatment of biological tissue is a promising path toward sterilization of bacteria due to its versatility and ability to operate under well-controlled and relatively mild conditions. The present collaborative research of an interdisciplinary team of investigators at University of Maryland, College Park (UMD), and University of California, Berkeley (UCB) focused on establishing our knowledge on low temperature plasma-induced chemical modifications in biomolecules that result in inactivation due to various plasma species, including ions, reactive radicals, and UV/VUV photons. The overall goals of the project were to identify the mechanisms by which low and atmospheric pressure plasma (APP) deactivates endotoxic biomolecules. Additionally, we wanted to understand how deactivation processes depend on the interaction of APP with the environment. Various low pressure plasma sources, a vacuum beam system and several atmospheric pressure plasma sources were used to accomplish these objectives. In our work we elucidated for the first time the role of ions, VUV photons and radicals in biological deactivation of model endotoxic biomolecules, both in a UHV beam system and an inductively coupled, low pressure plasma system, and established the associated atomistic modifications in biomolecules. While we showed that both ions and VUV photons can be very efficient in deactivation of biomolecules, significant etching and/or deep modification (~200 nm) were accompanied by these biological effects. One of the most important findings in this work is that the significant deactivation and surface modification can occur with minimal etching using radical species. However, if radical fluxes and corresponding etch rates are relatively high, for example, at atmospheric pressure, inactivation of endotoxic biomolecule film may require near-complete removal of the film. These findings motivated further work at atmospheric pressure using several types of low

  1. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DAVENPORT, J.

    2005-11-01

    The Brookhaven Computational Science Center brings together researchers in biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine with applied mathematicians and computer scientists to exploit the remarkable opportunities for scientific discovery which have been enabled by modern computers. These opportunities are especially great in computational biology and nanoscience, but extend throughout science and technology and include, for example, nuclear and high energy physics, astrophysics, materials and chemical science, sustainable energy, environment, and homeland security. To achieve our goals we have established a close alliance with applied mathematicians and computer scientists at Stony Brook and Columbia Universities.

  2. DOE Science Showcase - Genomics | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Image Credit: Office of Biological and Environmental Research, U.S. DOE Office of Science. ... DOE's Genomic Science Program research is conducted at national laboratories and ...

  3. DOE Office of Science Publishes Update of Landmark Plan, "Facilities...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    science, biological and environmental science, high energy physics and nuclear physics. The facilities were ranked according to their scientific importance and readiness for ...

  4. Science and Technology Review June 2011 (Technical Report) |...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 42 ENGINEERING; 97 MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE Word Cloud More Like This Full Text preview image File size NAView Full Text ...

  5. Science and Technology Review September 2012 (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 42 ENGINEERING; 97 MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE Word Cloud More Like This Full Text preview image File size NAView Full Text ...

  6. Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Anna Palmisano, Associate Director Office of Biological and Environmental Research Office of Science Subject: DOE's Office of Science Research Applications 9-10-09FinalTestimony...

  7. By Institution | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    ASCR Advanced Scientific Computing Research BER Biological and Environmental Research BES Basic Energy Sciences FES Fusion Energy Sciences HEP High Energy Physics NP ...

  8. About | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    ... the Center for Structural Molecular Biology, the High Flux Isotope Reactor, the High ... high-performance computing, systems biology, materials science, and national security. ...

  9. About | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    biology. Today, with its Genomic Sciences Program and the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI), BER researchers are using powerful tools of plant and microbial systems biology to ...

  10. Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    ... sometimes one-of-a-kind instruments providing laborites for materials science, physics, chemistry, biology, and molecular biology. Last modified: 1192015 8:59:20

  11. Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    sometimes one-of-a-kind instruments providing laborites for materials science, physics, chemistry, biology, and molecular biology. Last modified: 1192015 8:57:28

  12. Sharlene Weatherwax | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    ... Under her leadership, BER is establishing the Genomic Science Systems Biology Knowledgebase, a cyber infrastructure to support collaborative research in systems biology in the areas ...

  13. Cool Earth Solar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamkin, Rob; McIlroy, Andy; Swalwell, Eric; Rajan, Kish

    2013-04-22

    In a public-private partnership that takes full advantage of the Livermore Valley Open Campus (LVOC) for the first time, Sandia National Laboratories and Cool Earth Solar have signed an agreement that could make solar energy more affordable and accessible. In this piece, representatives from Sandia, Cool Earth Solar, and leaders in California government all discuss the unique partnership and its expected impact.

  14. Cool Earth Solar

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lamkin, Rob; McIlroy, Andy; Swalwell, Eric; Rajan, Kish

    2016-07-12

    In a public-private partnership that takes full advantage of the Livermore Valley Open Campus (LVOC) for the first time, Sandia National Laboratories and Cool Earth Solar have signed an agreement that could make solar energy more affordable and accessible. In this piece, representatives from Sandia, Cool Earth Solar, and leaders in California government all discuss the unique partnership and its expected impact.

  15. Earth Day 2016

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    April 22, 2016 is the forty-sixth anniversary of the founding of Earth Day which marked the beginning of the modern environmental movement. The Office of Environment, Health, Safety and Security (AU) is leading DOE’s coordinated Earth Day celebrations at the Forrestal DOE Headquarters Building in Washington, D.C.

  16. Vacancy announcements

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biology And Biophysics Computational Earth Science Postdoc Computational Earth Science Synthetic Inorganic Chemistry Postdoc Inorganic Isotope and Actinide Chemistry Computing ...

  17. Iver Anderson, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Iver Anderson, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, The Ames Laboratory, Current and Future Direction in Processing Rare Earth Alloys for Clean Energy Applications Iver...

  18. Program Contacts | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Small Business Innovation Research - Biological Sciences Prem Srivastava, Ph.D. 301-903-4071 prem.srivastava@science.doe.gov Structural Biology Roland Hirsch, Ph.D. 301-903-9009 ...

  19. Biological and Chemical Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitch, P J

    2002-12-19

    The LLNL Chemical & Biological National Security Program (CBNP) provides science, technology and integrated systems for chemical and biological security. Our approach is to develop and field advanced strategies that dramatically improve the nation's capabilities to prevent, prepare for, detect, and respond to terrorist use of chemical or biological weapons. Recent events show the importance of civilian defense against terrorism. The 1995 nerve gas attack in Tokyo's subway served to catalyze and focus the early LLNL program on civilian counter terrorism. In the same year, LLNL began CBNP using Laboratory-Directed R&D investments and a focus on biodetection. The Nunn-Lugar-Domenici Defense Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Act, passed in 1996, initiated a number of U.S. nonproliferation and counter-terrorism programs including the DOE (now NNSA) Chemical and Biological Nonproliferation Program (also known as CBNP). In 2002, the Department of Homeland Security was formed. The NNSA CBNP and many of the LLNL CBNP activities are being transferred as the new Department becomes operational. LLNL has a long history in national security including nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction. In biology, LLNL had a key role in starting and implementing the Human Genome Project and, more recently, the Microbial Genome Program. LLNL has over 1,000 scientists and engineers with relevant expertise in biology, chemistry, decontamination, instrumentation, microtechnologies, atmospheric modeling, and field experimentation. Over 150 LLNL scientists and engineers work full time on chemical and biological national security projects.

  20. Earth System Observations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth Day Earth Day If you do not see the event begin at 3pm ET, please refresh your browser. Are you looking for ways to go green while saving yourself some green? Or are you interested in learning how to incorporate renewable energy options -- like solar, wind and geothermal -- into your home? This Earth Day, hang out with Energy Department experts to learn how you can reduce your energy use, improve your home's comfort and cut your energy bills. We hope you'll join us on April 22 at 3 pm ET

  1. Rare earth gas laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krupke, W.F.

    1975-10-31

    A high energy gas laser with light output in the infrared or visible region of the spectrum is described. Laser action is obtained by generating vapors of rare earth halides, particularly neodymium iodide or, to a lesser extent, neodymium bromide, and disposing the rare earth vapor medium in a resonant cavity at elevated temperatures; e.g., approximately 1200/sup 0/ to 1400/sup 0/K. A particularly preferred gaseous medium is one involving a complex of aluminum chloride and neodymium chloride, which exhibits tremendously enhanced vapor pressure compared to the rare earth halides per se, and provides comparable increases in stored energy densities.

  2. DOE Science Showcase - Genomics | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    energy, industry, biomedical, and other application areas. DOE's Genomic Science Program research is ... Biological and Environmental Research Abstracts Database ...

  3. Summer science-writing internship | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    The Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the International ... mathematics and computer science, environmental research, ... biology and advanced nuclear ...

  4. LANL Studies Earth's Magnetosphere

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Daughton, Bill

    2016-07-12

    A new 3-D supercomputer model presents a new theory of how magnetic reconnection works in high-temperature plasmas. This Los Alamos National Laboratory research supports an upcoming NASA mission to study Earth's magnetosphere in greater detail than ever.

  5. OSTIblog Articles in the earth systems modeling Topic | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information earth systems modeling Topic ACME - Perfecting Earth System Models by Kathy Chambers 29 Oct, 2014 in Earth system modeling as we know it and how it benefits climate change research is about to transform with the newly launched Accelerated Climate Modeling for Energy (ACME) project sponsored by the Earth System Modeling program within the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research. ACME is an unprecedented

  6. Unveiled: Earth's Viral Diversity

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Unveiled: Earth's Viral Diversity Unveiled: Earth's Viral Diversity NERSC Resources Help Researchers Identify 125,000 New Viral Sequences in Environmental Datasets August 17, 2016 Contact: David Gilbert, degilbert@lbl.gov, 925-296-5643 virome graphic art by Z Rostomian LBNL DOE JGI researchers utilized the largest collection of assembled metagenomic datasets from around the world to uncover over 125,000 partial and complete viral genomes, the majority of them infecting microbes. Graphic by Zosia

  7. Lab celebrates Earth Day

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab celebrates Earth Day Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest Issue:November 2, 2016 all issues All Issues » submit Lab celebrates Earth Day Multiple activities focus on environmental protection. May 1, 2013 A team from Industrial Hygiene and Safety during the Great Garbage Grab A team from Industrial Hygiene and Safety during the Great Garbage Grab. Contact Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus

  8. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - National Center for

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages

    Computational Sciences Search Go! ORNL * Find People * Contact * Site Index * Comments Home Divisions and Centers Computational Sciences and Engineering Computer Science and Mathematics Information Technology Joint Institute for Computational Sciences National Center for Computational Sciences Supercomputing Projects Awards Employment Opportunities Student Opportunities About Us Organization In the News Contact Us Visitor Information ORNL Research Areas Neutron Sciences Biological Systems

  9. Iconic author Edward Abbey focus of Earth Day lecture April 22

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Edward Abbey focus of Earth Day lecture Iconic author Edward Abbey focus of Earth Day lecture April 22 Jack Loeffler, a bioregional aural historian, will talk about the author and environmental advocate at the Bradbury Science Museum. April 17, 2014 Bradbury Science Museum Bradbury Science Museum Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email "He was a great writer, but in my opinion, his greatest contribution was his meld of environmentalism and anarchism that resulted

  10. Science and Science Fiction

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Scherrer, Robert [Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States

    2016-07-12

    I will explore the similarities and differences between the process of writing science fiction and the process of 'producing' science, specifically theoretical physics. What are the ground rules for introducing unproven new ideas in science fiction, and how do they differ from the corresponding rules in physics? How predictive is science fiction? (For that matter, how predictive is theoretical physics?) I will also contrast the way in which information is presented in science fiction, as opposed to its presentation in scientific papers, and I will examine the relative importance of ideas (as opposed to the importance of the way in which these ideas are presented). Finally, I will discuss whether a background as a research scientist provides any advantage in writing science fiction.

  11. Crosscutting Research & Rare Earth Elements Portfolios Review |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    netl.doe.gov Crosscutting Research & Rare Earth Elements Portfolios Review 2016 Crosscutting Research & Rare Earth Elements Portfolios Review Meeting April 18-22, 2016 CCR-graphic-450px Portfolios Review Agenda Portfolios Review Abstracts Additional materials will be added when they are received from the author. Portfolio Review Presentations General Session Welcome and NETL Overview - Cindy Powell, Ph.D., Deputy Director Science & Technology Strategic Plans & Programs,

  12. Biological Safety

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The DOE's Biological Safety Program provides a forum for the exchange of best practices, lessons learned, and guidance in the area of biological safety. This content is supported by the Biosurety Executive Team. The Biosurety Executive Team is a DOE-chartered group. The DOE Office of Worker Safety and Health Policy provides administrative support for this group. The group identifies biological safety-related issues of concern to the DOE and pursues solutions to issues identified.

  13. Good Earths and Rare Earths | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Good Earths and Rare Earths Good Earths and Rare Earths April 20, 2011 - 6:17pm Addthis Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Communications Specialist (detailee) What does this mean for me? Rare earth elements -- dysprosium, neodymium, terbium, europium and yttrium -- are essential to a wide range of green energy technologies ranging from windmills to electric vehicles One of their primary uses is in permanent magnets, which amount to over a $4 billion global industry Ames Laboratory

  14. Grand Challenges for Biological and Environmental Research: A Long-Term Vision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arkin, A.; Baliga, N.; Braam, J.; Church, G.; Collins, J; Cottingham, R.; Ecker, J.; Gerstein, M.; Gilna, P.; Greenberg, J.; Handelsman, J.; Hubbard, S.; Joachimiak, A.; Liao, J.; Looger, L.; Meyerowitz, E.; Mjolness, E.; Petsko, G.; Sayler, G.; Simpson, M.; Stacey, G.; Sussman, M.; Tiedje, J.; Bader, D.; Cessi, P.; Collins, W.; Denning, S.; Dickinson, R.; Easterling, D.; Edmonds, J.; Feddema, J.; Field, C.; Fridlind, A.; Fung, I.; Held, I.; Jackson, R.; Janetos, A.; Large, W.; Leinen, M.; Leung, R.; Long, S.; Mace, G.; Masiello, C.; Meehl, G.; Ort, D.; Otto-Bliesner, B.; Penner, J.; Prather, M.; Randall, D.; Rasch, P.; Schneider, E.; Shugart, H.; Thornton, P.; Washington, W.; Wildung, R.; Wiscombe, W.; Zak, D.; Zhang, M.; Bielicki, J.; Buford, M.; Cleland, E.; Dale, V.; Duke, C.; Ehleringer, J.; Hecht, A.; Kammen, D.; Marland, G.; Pataki, D.; Riley, M. Robertson, P.; Hubbard, S.

    2010-12-01

    The interactions and feedbacks among plants, animals, microbes, humans, and the environment ultimately form the world in which we live. This world is now facing challenges from a growing and increasingly affluent human population whose numbers and lifestyles are driving ever greater energy demand and impacting climate. These and other contributing factors will make energy and climate sustainability extremely difficult to achieve over the 20-year time horizon that is the focus of this report. Despite these severe challenges, there is optimism that deeper understanding of our environment will enable us to mitigate detrimental effects, while also harnessing biological and climate systems to ensure a sustainable energy future. This effort is advanced by scientific inquiries in the fields of atmospheric chemistry and physics, biology, ecology, and subsurface science - all made possible by computing. The Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) within the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science has a long history of bringing together researchers from different disciplines to address critical national needs in determining the biological and environmental impacts of energy production and use, characterizing the interplay of climate and energy, and collaborating with other agencies and DOE programs to improve the world's most powerful climate models. BER science focuses on three distinct areas: (1) What are the roles of Earth system components (atmosphere, land, oceans, sea ice, and the biosphere) in determining climate? (2) How is the information stored in a genome translated into microbial, plant, and ecosystem processes that influence biofuel production, climate feedbacks, and the natural cycling of carbon? (3) What are the biological, geochemical, and physical forces that govern the behavior of Earth's subsurface environment? Ultimately, the goal of BER science is to support experimentation and modeling that can reliably predict the outcomes and

  15. Modeling the earth system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojima, D.

    1992-12-31

    The 1990 Global Change Institute (GCI) on Earth System Modeling is the third of a series organized by the Office for Interdisciplinary Earth Studies to look in depth at particular issues critical to developing a better understanding of the earth system. The 1990 GCI on Earth System Modeling was organized around three themes: defining critical gaps in the knowledge of the earth system, developing simplified working models, and validating comprehensive system models. This book is divided into three sections that reflect these themes. Each section begins with a set of background papers offering a brief tutorial on the subject, followed by working group reports developed during the institute. These reports summarize the joint ideas and recommendations of the participants and bring to bear the interdisciplinary perspective that imbued the institute. Since the conclusion of the 1990 Global Change Institute, research programs, nationally and internationally, have moved forward to implement a number of the recommendations made at the institute, and many of the participants have maintained collegial interactions to develop research projects addressing the needs identified during the two weeks in Snowmass.

  16. Science @WIPP: Underground Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    WIPP Underground Laboratory Double Beta Decay Dark Matter Biology Repository Science Renewable Energy Underground Laboratory The deep geologic repository at WIPP provides an ideal environment for experiments in many scientific disciplines, including particle astrophysics, waste repository science, mining technology, low radiation dose physics, fissile materials accountability and transparency, and deep geophysics. The designation of the Carlsbad Department of Energy office as a "field"

  17. **NO SCIENCE ON SATURDAY TODAY** NJ Regional High School Science...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    competition in Washington, D.C. The Science Bowl is a double elimination contest with oral question and answer rounds in the fields of chemistry, biology, physics, astronomy and...

  18. Future STEM Leaders Prepare for the National Science Bowl

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Benjamin, Angela

    2016-07-12

    Each year, students from across the country converge on Washington, DC, for the National Science Bowl, an intense academic competition that tests the students' knowledge in science, engineering, chemistry, math and Earth science. Follow one team, from Washington DC's Woodrow Wilson High School, as they prepare for and compete in the 2014 National Science Bowl.

  19. Future STEM Leaders Prepare for the National Science Bowl

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benjamin, Angela

    2014-06-11

    Each year, students from across the country converge on Washington, DC, for the National Science Bowl, an intense academic competition that tests the students' knowledge in science, engineering, chemistry, math and Earth science. Follow one team, from Washington DC's Woodrow Wilson High School, as they prepare for and compete in the 2014 National Science Bowl.

  20. About Us | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    terrestrial ecology, molecular biology, microbiology, protein chemistry, bioinformatics, and computational biology) with the environmental sciences (earth science, energy ...

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - LAD_Salishan

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    * Accelerator Science * Astrophysics * Biology * Chemistry * Earth Sciences * Materials ... and moisture budgets Biology Chemistry Tracer advection, possibly stiff rate equations. ...

  2. Google Earth Tour: Water reuse at LANL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Google Earth Tour: Water reuse at LANL Google Earth Tour: Water reuse at LANL

  3. Earth shelter goes international

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, L.L.

    1983-06-01

    Since the mid-1970's earth sheltered buildings in the US have become more numerous and important as a contemporary passive building concept. Further, an intense international interest has now developed, as evidenced by a number of important activities. One of these events is the 1983 International Conference on Energy Efficient Buildings with Earth Shelter Protection to be conducted during 1-6 August in Sydney, Australia. A review of past activities leading up to this event, as well as a brief review of the conference program, is the subject of this discussion.

  4. Earth sheltered housing phenomenon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, L.L.

    1981-06-21

    Both national and international attention has recently been focused on earth sheltered construction as an emerging energy alternative. This is especially true for the High Plains region of the central United States. Traditionally, inhabitants of this region have been sensitized to the need for windstorm protection. However, the dramatic potentials for energy savings have served as a strong secondary inducement to the burgeoning construction activity in what is now viewed as a contemporary dwelling concept. The typical characteristics of such dwellings are reviewed as well as the educational challenge awaiting professional input to this developing boom in earth sheltered construction. 12 refs.

  5. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Availability and Status of MISR Geophysical Data Products Diner, D.J. and the MISR Science Team, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument aboard the Terra spacecraft has been collecting Earth imagery since February 2000. MISR contains nine cameras pointed at fixed along-track directions, and acquires images with view angles at the Earth’s surface

  6. Life Sciences | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Life Sciences Having a healthy impact on energy, medicine and the environment Argonne National Laboratory's life sciences research has yielded a portfolio of advanced technologies that are having a profound impact on medical technologies and therapies, energy production and sustainability, and bioremediation. Argonne's roster of world-class biology and environmental scientists develop viable technologies - from cancer therapies and antibody engineering to biological methane production and

  7. Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) | U.S. DOE Office of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science (SC) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities User Facilities Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and

  8. Science Programs Organization | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Programs Organization Deputy Director for Science Programs Deputy Director Home Mission & Functions Deputy Director Biography Organization Organization Chart .pdf file (149KB) Advanced Scientific Computing Research Basic Energy Sciences Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Project Assessment Staff

  9. BER Science Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alapaty, Kiran; Allen, Ben; Bell, Greg; Benton, David; Brettin, Tom; Canon, Shane; Dart, Eli; Cotter, Steve; Crivelli, Silvia; Carlson, Rich; Dattoria, Vince; Desai, Narayan; Egan, Richard; Tierney, Brian; Goodwin, Ken; Gregurick, Susan; Hicks, Susan; Johnston, Bill; de Jong, Bert; Kleese van Dam, Kerstin; Livny, Miron; Markowitz, Victor; McGraw, Jim; McCord, Raymond; Oehmen, Chris; Regimbal, Kevin; Shipman, Galen; Strand, Gary; Flick, Jeff; Turnbull, Susan; Williams, Dean; Zurawski, Jason

    2010-11-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In April 2010 ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research, of the DOE Office of Science, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by BER. The requirements identified at the workshop are summarized and described in more detail in the case studies and the Findings section. A number of common themes emerged from the case studies and workshop discussions. One is that BER science, like many other disciplines, is becoming more and more distributed and collaborative in nature. Another common theme is that data set sizes are exploding. Climate Science in particular is on the verge of needing to manage exabytes of data, and Genomics is on the verge of a huge paradigm shift in the number of sites with sequencers and the amount of sequencer data being generated.

  10. 2016 Rare Earth Elements Workshop Accelerating Rare Earth Element...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Rare Earth Elements Workshop Accelerating Rare Earth Element Recovery from U.S. Domestic Sources of Coal and Coal By-Products August 8-9, 2016 Hosted by: Dr. Cynthia Powell Acting ...

  11. Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    CCS Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences Computational physics, computer science, applied mathematics, statistics and the integration of large data streams are central to scientific discovery and innovation. Leadership Division Leader Frank J. Alexander (Acting) Email Deputy Division Leader James Cooley (Acting) Email Earth climate map A single time step from an MPAS (Model for Prediction Across Scales) simulation, showing the temperature of the ocean. Building on research in human

  12. April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine | OSTI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine Publications in biomedical and environmental sciences programs, 1981 Moody, J.B. (comp.) (1982) 306 Drug Retention Times ...

  13. Science Highlights | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Highlights Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3251 F: (301) 903-5051 E: Email Us More

  14. Beamline 8.3.2

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    disciplines: Applied science, biology, earth sciences, energy, environmental sciences, geology, cosmological chemistry GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Source...

  15. Beamline 8.3.2

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Print Tomography Scientific disciplines: Applied science, biology, earth sciences, energy, environmental sciences, geology, cosmological chemistry GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION...

  16. Extreme Science (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ajo-Franklin, Caroline; Klein, Spencer; Minor, Andrew; Torok, Tamas

    2012-02-27

    On Feb. 27, 2012 at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre, four Berkeley Lab scientists presented talks related to extreme science - and what it means to you. Topics include: Neutrino hunting in Antarctica. Learn why Spencer Klein goes to the ends of the Earth to search for these ghostly particles. From Chernobyl to Central Asia, Tamas Torok travels the globe to study microbial diversity in extreme environments. Andrew Minor uses the world's most advanced electron microscopes to explore materials at ultrahigh stresses and in harsh environments. And microbes that talk to computers? Caroline Ajo-Franklin is pioneering cellular-electrical connections that could help transform sunlight into fuel.

  17. NASA Earth at Night Video

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Twitter Google + Vimeo GovDelivery SlideShare NASA Earth at Night Video HomeEC, Energy, Energy Efficiency, Global, Modeling, News & Events, Solid-State Lighting, VideosNASA Earth ...

  18. Earth's Decelerating Tectonic Plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forte, A M; Moucha, R; Rowley, D B; Quere, S; Mitrovica, J X; Simmons, N A; Grand, S P

    2008-08-22

    Space geodetic and oceanic magnetic anomaly constraints on tectonic plate motions are employed to determine a new global map of present-day rates of change of plate velocities. This map shows that Earth's largest plate, the Pacific, is presently decelerating along with several other plates in the Pacific and Indo-Atlantic hemispheres. These plate decelerations contribute to an overall, globally averaged slowdown in tectonic plate speeds. The map of plate decelerations provides new and unique constraints on the dynamics of time-dependent convection in Earth's mantle. We employ a recently developed convection model constrained by seismic, geodynamic and mineral physics data to show that time-dependent changes in mantle buoyancy forces can explain the deceleration of the major plates in the Pacific and Indo-Atlantic hemispheres.

  19. SIAM Conference on Computational Science and Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2003-01-01

    The Second SIAM Conference on Computational Science and Engineering was held in San Diego from February 10-12, 2003. Total conference attendance was 553. This is a 23% increase in attendance over the first conference. The focus of this conference was to draw attention to the tremendous range of major computational efforts on large problems in science and engineering, to promote the interdisciplinary culture required to meet these large-scale challenges, and to encourage the training of the next generation of computational scientists. Computational Science & Engineering (CS&E) is now widely accepted, along with theory and experiment, as a crucial third mode of scientific investigation and engineering design. Aerospace, automotive, biological, chemical, semiconductor, and other industrial sectors now rely on simulation for technical decision support. For federal agencies also, CS&E has become an essential support for decisions on resources, transportation, and defense. CS&E is, by nature, interdisciplinary. It grows out of physical applications and it depends on computer architecture, but at its heart are powerful numerical algorithms and sophisticated computer science techniques. From an applied mathematics perspective, much of CS&E has involved analysis, but the future surely includes optimization and design, especially in the presence of uncertainty. Another mathematical frontier is the assimilation of very large data sets through such techniques as adaptive multi-resolution, automated feature search, and low-dimensional parameterization. The themes of the 2003 conference included, but were not limited to: Advanced Discretization Methods; Computational Biology and Bioinformatics; Computational Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; Computational Earth and Atmospheric Sciences; Computational Electromagnetics; Computational Fluid Dynamics; Computational Medicine and Bioengineering; Computational Physics and Astrophysics; Computational Solid Mechanics and Materials; CS

  20. Superhydrophobic diatomaceous earth

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Simpson, John T.; D'Urso, Brian R.

    2012-07-10

    A superhydrophobic powder is prepared by coating diatomaceous earth (DE) with a hydrophobic coating on the particle surface such that the coating conforms to the topography of the DE particles. The hydrophobic coating can be a self assembly monolayer of a perfluorinated silane coupling agent. The DE is preferably natural-grade DE where organic impurities have been removed. The superhydrophobic powder can be applied as a suspension in a binder solution to a substrate to produce a superhydrophobic surface on the substrate.

  1. Holding Mother Earth Sacred

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Holding Mother Earth Sacred Photo Journal Project Resource List 2010 Mountain and Plains Education and Research Center, Ken Scott: http://maperc.ucdenver.edu/ UC Denver Office of Diversity and Inclusion, Anschutz Medical Center, Dominic Martinez: www.ucdenver.edu Colorado School of Public Health: www.ucdenver.edu/academics/colleges/PublicHealth/Pages/welcome.aspx University of Colorado Denver: www.ucdenver.edu National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH): www.cdc.gov/niosh

  2. Ames Lab 101: Rare Earths

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gschneidner, Karl

    2010-01-01

    "Mr. Rare Earth," Ames Laboratory scientist Karl Gschneidner Jr., explains the importance of rare-earth materials in many of the technologies we use today -- ranging from computers to hybrid cars to wind turbines. Gschneidner is a world renowned rare-earths expert at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory.

  3. Ames Lab 101: Rare Earths

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gschneidner, Karl

    2012-08-29

    "Mr. Rare Earth," Ames Laboratory scientist Karl Gschneidner Jr., explains the importance of rare-earth materials in many of the technologies we use today -- ranging from computers to hybrid cars to wind turbines. Gschneidner is a world renowned rare-earths expert at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory.

  4. Rare Earth Metals & Alloys | The Ames Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Rare Earth Metals & Alloys Quantities of high-purity rare earth metals and alloys in ... storage, cutting and cleaning and SDS information for the rare earth elements (metals).

  5. Budget by Program | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear ...

  6. Jefferson Lab Announces Two Fall Science Series Events | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Announces Two Fall Science Series Events Jefferson Lab Announces Two Fall Science Series Events September 10, 2004 Oct. 4 event features discussion of the astronomical allusions of Tolkien's Middle-earth; Nov. 23 speaker examines food toxins & how to avoid them Kristine Larsen, professor of astronomy and physics from Central Connecticut State University, will discuss the astronomy of J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth at Jefferson Lab's first Fall 2004 Science Series event. The presentation will

  7. Biological preconcentrator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Manginell, Ronald P.; Bunker, Bruce C.; Huber, Dale L.

    2008-09-09

    A biological preconcentrator comprises a stimulus-responsive active film on a stimulus-producing microfabricated platform. The active film can comprise a thermally switchable polymer film that can be used to selectively absorb and desorb proteins from a protein mixture. The biological microfabricated platform can comprise a thin membrane suspended on a substrate with an integral resistive heater and/or thermoelectric cooler for thermal switching of the active polymer film disposed on the membrane. The active polymer film can comprise hydrogel-like polymers, such as poly(ethylene oxide) or poly(n-isopropylacrylamide), that are tethered to the membrane. The biological preconcentrator can be fabricated with semiconductor materials and technologies.

  8. Final Report for proposal "The Interface between Earth System Models and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Impacts on Society Workshop, Spring 2011 (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: Final Report for proposal "The Interface between Earth System Models and Impacts on Society Workshop, Spring 2011 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Final Report for proposal "The Interface between Earth System Models and Impacts on Society Workshop, Spring 2011 The creation of a new Community Earth System Model (CESM) working group, combining science-driven research with

  9. Nuclear Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Science Nuclear Science Experimental and theoretical nuclear research carried out at NERSC is driven by the quest for improving our understanding of the building blocks of...

  10. Computer Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cite Seer Department of Energy provided open access science research citations in chemistry, physics, materials, engineering, and computer science IEEE Xplore Full text...

  11. Accelerator Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Accelerator Science Accelerator Science ReframAccelerator.jpg Particle accelerators are among the largest, most complex, and most important scientific instruments in the world....

  12. (Biological dosimetry)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sega, G.A.

    1990-11-06

    The traveler participated in an International Symposium on Trends in Biological Dosimetry and presented an invited paper entitled, Adducts in sperm protamine and DNA vs mutation frequency.'' The purpose of the Symposium was to examine the applicability of new methods to study quantitatively the effects of xenobiotic agents (radiation and chemicals) on molecular, cellular and organ systems, with special emphasis on human biological dosimetry. The general areas covered at the meeting included studies on parent compounds and metabolites; protein adducts; DNA adducts; gene mutations; cytogenetic end-points and reproductive methods.

  13. Theoretical Biology and Biophysics

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Modeling biological systems and analysis and informatics of molecular and cellular biological data Mathematical BiologyImmunology Fundamental ...

  14. The Molecular Foundry (TMF) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Foundry is fully equipped with state-of-the-art, sometimes one-of-a-kind instruments providing laborites for materials science, physics, chemistry, biology, and molecular biology. ...

  15. Benefits of BER | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    world-class, peer reviewed scientific results in biology and environmental science. ... powerful tools of contemporary systems biology to pursue the scientific breakthroughs ...

  16. Dr. Steve Herbert | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Herbert was an assistant and associate professor of Biology at the University of Idaho ... Carnegie Institution for Science, Plant Biology Dept., Stanford, CA Ph.D. 1988 - ...

  17. Is sustainability science really a science?

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Is sustainability science really a science? Is sustainability science really a science? The team's work shows that although sustainability science has been growing explosively ...

  18. (Biological dosimetry)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preston, R.J.

    1990-12-17

    The traveler attended the 1st International Conference on Biological Dosimetry in Madrid, Spain. This conference was organized to provide information to a general audience of biologists, physicists, radiotherapists, industrial hygiene personnel and individuals from related fields on the current ability of cytogenetic analysis to provide estimates of radiation dose in cases of occupational or environmental exposure. There is a growing interest in Spain in biological dosimetry because of the increased use of radiation sources for medical and occupational uses, and with this the anticipated and actual increase in numbers of overexposure. The traveler delivered the introductory lecture on Biological Dosimetry: Mechanistic Concepts'' that was intended to provide a framework by which the more applied lectures could be interpreted in a mechanistic way. A second component of the trip was to provide advice with regard to several recent cases of overexposure that had been or were being assessed by the Radiopathology and Radiotherapy Department of the Hospital General Gregorio Maranon'' in Madrid. The traveler had provided information on several of these, and had analyzed cells from some exposed or purportedly exposed individuals. The members of the biological dosimetry group were referred to individuals at REACTS at Oak Ridge Associated Universities for advice on follow-up treatment.

  19. Earth-sheltered apartments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Germer, J.

    1984-12-01

    Earth-sheltered apartments for students at St. Johns University, Collegeville, MN are described. The intent was to provide energy-efficient, low maintenance housing in a neighborhood environment for the students. Students would learn about energy-conscious architecture from living in the buildings. The buildings have had few problems, but energy performance has not been up to expectations. The consumption of electricity exceeded predictions by 49%. The most likely answer to the problem is deviation from design. Several items of energy-efficient design were specified but deleted in order to cut costs.

  20. Earth Day 2016 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Earth Day 2016 Earth Day 2016 April 18, 2016 - 7:39am Addthis Earth Day 2016 April 22, 2016 is the forty-sixth anniversary of the founding of Earth Day which marked the beginning ...

  1. Statistical Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Statistical Sciences Applying statistical reasoning and rigor to multidisciplinary scientific investigations Contact Us Group Leader James Gattiker (Acting) Email Deputy Group Leader Geralyn Hemphill (Acting) Email Group Administrator LeeAnn Martinez (505) 667-3308 Email Statistical Sciences Statistical Sciences provides statistical reasoning and rigor to multidisciplinary scientific investigations and development, application, and communication of cutting-edge statistical sciences research.

  2. Earth sheltered structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, L.L.

    1982-01-01

    The earth shelter concept has been utilized successfully around the world for thousands of years, but its use with contemporary mechanically conditioned buildings dates only from the oil embargo of the mid-1970s. This is an architectural innovation and a growing and viable response to the energy imperative. Most of the technical problems of earth shelters have been effectively addressed, but a systems design approach could further enhance overall energy savings. Although occupant lifestyle seems to be at a high level, areas that require further attention include site design, daylighting, and refined thermal design. The proper integration of passive solar heating and disaster protection represent opportunities for improved multifunctional aspects. With proper design, annual heating and cooling energy use reductions on the order of 80% can be anticipated. Research on energy design refinements and occupancy aspects necessary to achieve such levels of savings is presently under way at Oklahoma State University, the University of Minnesota, and other study centers throughout the nation and the world.

  3. Science Events

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Science Events Learn about our science by coming to Frontiers in Science lectures, catch Cafe Scientific events in your community, or come to sicence events at the Bradbury Science Museum. Sep 27 Tue 7:00 AM Systems Approaches in Immunology Inn and Spa at Loretto - Santa Fe, NM Advancements in immunology can be made through the development of theoretical and experimental techniques supplying models that bring together phenomena at different levels of complexity to study mechanisms that

  4. Science Gateways

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Gateways Science Gateways About Science Gateways A science gateway is a web-based interface to access HPC computers and storage systems. Gateways allow science teams to access data, perform shared computations, and generally interact with NERSC resources over the web. Common gateway goals are to improve ease of use in HPC so that more scientists can benefit from NERSC resources to create collaborative workspaces around data and computing for science teams that use NERSC to make your data

  5. Explore Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Explore Explore Science Create your own science adventure by exploring our varied exhibits, and learn what inspired our scientists, engineers and technicians to discover new things. August 18, 2014 boys conducting experiment [Science is] a great game. It is inspiring and refreshing. The playing field is the universe itself. -I.I. Rabi Science is thinking in an organized way about things. You don't need a license or permission to practice science. Scientists are interested in just about anything

  6. Energy Department Earth Week 2015

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    To celebrate Earth Week and Earth Day, the Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) is participating in several Energy Department activities! Look for us inside the lobby of the U.S. Department of Energy Forrestal Building in Washington, D.C., from April 13–17. Then, on Earth Day, April 22, everyone is welcome to join us outside on the Forrestal West Plaza for Community Day!

  7. Earth Week 2008 | Jefferson Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth Week 2008 Day 1 Day 1: Earth Day Every Day - Jefferson Lab observes Earth Day every day with its business practices. Recycling Centers for paper, batteries, toner cartridges, aluminum cans and plastic bottles are distributed throughout the site, and scrap metal and other lab industrial waste is recycled. In procurements, the stockroom offers an array of recycled options and encourages the purchase of recycled and recyclable products. And motion-sensor lighting reduces power use in empty

  8. Replacing the Rare Earth Intellectual Capital

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gschneidner, Jr., Karl

    2011-04-01

    personnel to bring the entire rare earth industry, from mining to original equipment manufacturers (OEM), up to full speed in the next few years. Accompanying this decline in technical expertise, innovation and new products utilizing rare earth elements has slowed dramatically, and it may take a decade or more to recapture America's leading role in technological advancements of rare earth containing products. Before the disruption of the US rare earth industry, about 25,000 people were employed in all aspects of the industry from mining to OEM. Today, only about 1,500 people are employed in these fields. The ratio of non-technically trained persons to those with college degrees in the sciences or engineering varies from about 8 to 1 to about 4 to 1, depending on the particular area of the industry. Assuming an average of 6 to 1, the number of college degree scientists and engineers has decreased from about 4,000 to 250 employed today. In the magnetic industry the approximate numbers are: 6,000 total with 750 technically trained people in the 1980s to 500 totally employed today of which 75 have degrees. The paucity of scientists and engineers with experience and/or training in the various aspects of production and commercialization of the rare earths is a serious limitation to the ability of the US to satisfy its own needs for materials and technologies (1) to maintain our military strength and posture, (2) to assume leadership in critical energy technologies, and (3) to bring new consumer products to the marketplace. The lack of experts is of even greater national importance than the halting in the 1990s and the recent restart of the mining/benification/separation effort in the US; and thus governmental intervention and support for at least five to 10 years will be required to ameliorate this situation. To respond quickly, training programs should be established in conjunction with a national research center at an educational institution with a long tradition in multiple

  9. ASCR Science Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dart, Eli; Tierney, Brian

    2009-08-24

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In April 2009 ESnet and the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR), of the DOE Office of Science, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by ASCR. The ASCR facilities anticipate significant increases in wide area bandwidth utilization, driven largely by the increased capabilities of computational resources and the wide scope of collaboration that is a hallmark of modern science. Many scientists move data sets between facilities for analysis, and in some cases (for example the Earth System Grid and the Open Science Grid), data distribution is an essential component of the use of ASCR facilities by scientists. Due to the projected growth in wide area data transfer needs, the ASCR supercomputer centers all expect to deploy and use 100 Gigabit per second networking technology for wide area connectivity as soon as that deployment is financially feasible. In addition to the network connectivity that ESnet provides, the ESnet Collaboration Services (ECS) are critical to several science communities. ESnet identity and trust services, such as the DOEGrids certificate authority, are widely used both by the supercomputer centers and by collaborations such as Open Science Grid (OSG) and the Earth System Grid (ESG). Ease of use is a key determinant of the scientific utility of network-based services. Therefore, a key enabling aspect for scientists beneficial use of high

  10. Science Engagement

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Engagement Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Case Studies Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Science Engagement The ESnet Science Engagement team's mission is to ensure that science collaborations at every scale, in every domain, have the information and

  11. Science Highlights Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Highlights Presentations Science Highlights Presentations NERSC collects highlights of recent scientific work carried out by its users. If you are a user and have work that you would like us to highlight please send e-mail to consult@nersc.gov. In the list below, names of researchers who did the work appear in brackets. September 2016 Presentation [PDF] Advances in Cost-Effective Fuel Cells [Y. Choi (SABIC Technology Center), Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2016, 4, 5869-5876] [BES] Earth's

  12. DOE Joint Genome Institute | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    DOE Joint Genome Institute Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Genomic Science DOE Bioenergy Research Centers Bioimaging Technology DOE Joint Genome Institute Structural Biology Radiochemistry & Imaging Instrumentation Radiobiology: Low Dose Radiation Research DOE Human Subjects Protection Program Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link

  13. Low Dose Radiation | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Radiobiology: Low Dose Radiation Research Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Genomic Science DOE Bioenergy Research Centers Bioimaging Technology DOE Joint Genome Institute Structural Biology Radiochemistry & Imaging Instrumentation Radiobiology: Low Dose Radiation Research DOE Human Subjects Protection Program Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights

  14. DOE Science Showcase - Energy Department Scientists and Engineers...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Researchers funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science were recently ... a variety of issues, from computational biology to atomic, molecular and optical science. ...

  15. Science Museum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Last in year-long series of public talks at Bradbury Science Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. ... is the focus of the final 70th Anniversary Lecture Dec. 18 at the Bradbury Science Museum. ...

  16. Science Museum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    open July 26 at the Bradbury Science Museum July 22, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 22, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury Science Museum is opening two new exhibits ...

  17. May 2001 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Computational Needs and Challenges in the Age of Genome-Scale Biology .pdf file (1.1MB) Ari Patrinos and Dan Drell, Biological and Environmental Research, Office of Science ...

  18. Science Briefs

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Briefs Science Briefs Read in detail about specific Los Alamos science achievements, and the honors our scientists are accruing. News Releases Science Briefs Photos Picture of the Week Publications Social Media Videos Fact Sheets The sensor for detecting hydrogen gas. It is more robust and cheaper to manufacture than existing technology. Lab-developed hydrogen sensors tested at SoCal refueling stations Government agencies are turning to Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence

  19. Big Science

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr. Thomas Zacharia

    2016-07-12

    Big science seeks big solutions for the most urgent problems of our times. Video courtesy Cray, Inc.

  20. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Micronanofabricated environments for synthetic biology C. Patrick Collier and Michael L. Simpson Nanofabrication Research Laboratory, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Oak...

  1. Leads | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Weatherwax received her Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of California Berkeley and was a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow in Plant Biology at the ...

  2. DOE Office of Science Graduate Fellowship (SCGF) Program Homepage...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    The DOE Office of Science Graduate Fellowship program (SCGF) has supported outstanding graduate students pursuing graduate training in basic research in areas of physics, biology ...

  3. Calling Science Stars in Middle and High Schools | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Because now is the time for 5-student teams to register for their region's Science Bowl competition. Students are quizzed, Jeopardy-style, on topics including astronomy, biology, ...

  4. Physical Biosciences | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    This research area combines experimental and computational tools from the physical sciences with biochemistry and molecular biology. A fundamental understanding of the complex ...

  5. Sally Mitchell | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Sally Mitchell is a high school chemistry teacher from East Syracuse Minoa Central High ... She is certified to teach chemistry, physics, biology, general science, mathematics, ...

  6. May | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    ... and the Biological Data Management and Technology Center in ... EDF (operator of 58 nuclear power plants) and INRIA ... in Fluid Mechanics, Materials Sciences, and Medical ...

  7. Huazhong Science Technology University Yongtai Science Technology...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Huazhong Science Technology University Yongtai Science Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Huazhong Science & Technology University Yongtai Science & Technology Co...

  8. Genomes, Phylogeny, and Evolutionary Systems Biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Medina, Monica

    2005-03-25

    With the completion of the human genome and the growing number of diverse genomes being sequenced, a new age of evolutionary research is currently taking shape. The myriad of technological breakthroughs in biology that are leading to the unification of broad scientific fields such as molecular biology, biochemistry, physics, mathematics and computer science are now known as systems biology. Here I present an overview, with an emphasis on eukaryotes, of how the postgenomics era is adopting comparative approaches that go beyond comparisons among model organisms to shape the nascent field of evolutionary systems biology.

  9. Phase stable rare earth garnets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuntz, Joshua D.; Cherepy, Nerine J.; Roberts, Jeffery J.; Payne, Stephen A.

    2013-06-11

    A transparent ceramic according to one embodiment includes a rare earth garnet comprising A.sub.hB.sub.iC.sub.jO.sub.12, where h is 3.+-.10%, i is 2.+-.10%, and j is 3.+-.10%. A includes a rare earth element or a mixture of rare earth elements, B includes at least one of aluminum, gallium and scandium, and C includes at least one of aluminum, gallium and scandium, where A is at a dodecahedral site of the garnet, B is at an octahedral site of the garnet, and C is at a tetrahedral site of the garnet. In one embodiment, the rare earth garment has scintillation properties. A radiation detector in one embodiment includes a transparent ceramic as described above and a photo detector optically coupled to the rare earth garnet.

  10. Genomics and Systems Biology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Genomics and Systems Biology Los Alamos scientists perform research in functional genomics ... and experimental biology as the foundation of a dynamic systems biology capability. ...

  11. Incremental Clustering Algorithm For Earth Science Data Mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vatsavai, Raju

    2009-01-01

    Remote sensing data plays a key role in understanding the complex geographic phenomena. Clustering is a useful tool in discovering interesting patterns and structures within the multivariate geospatial data. One of the key issues in clustering is the specication of appropriate number of clusters, which is not obvious in many practical situations. In this paper we provide an extension of G-means algorithm which automatically learns the number of clusters present in the data and avoids over estimation of the number of clusters. Experimental evaluation on simulated and remotely sensed image data shows the effectiveness of our algorithm.

  12. Science DMZ for ALS

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ @ UF Science DMZ @ CU ...

  13. Science policy in changing times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwood, M.R.C.

    1995-10-01

    Like many scientists who were born right after World War II and who have learned a lot about physics, physical sciences, and biology from some of the incredible discoveries that were made in the defense laboratories, I have always been fascinated with Los Alamos. One of the marvelous opportunities that my job in Washington presented was to get to know a good deal more about the physical science world and the Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, particularly Los Alamos since the Manhattan Project.

  14. Water, law, science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2007-10-17

    In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

  15. High Poisson;s ratio of Earth;s inner core explained by carbon...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    High Poisson;s ratio of Earth;s inner core explained by carbon alloying Citation Details In-Document Search Title: High Poisson;s ratio of Earth;s inner core explained by carbon ...

  16. Spin transition zone in Earth;s lower mantle (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Spin transition zone in Earth;s lower mantle Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Spin transition zone in Earth;s lower mantle Authors: Lin, J.-F. ; Vanko, G. ; Jacobsen, ...

  17. Faces of Science: Susan Hanson

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Susan Hanson March 4, 2015 Designing less expensive and sustainable catalysts may revolutionize industry Susan Hanson says that it is important to realize that you can always learn something new from others-and that much of the science done today would not be possible without the groundwork laid by people who have come before us. - 2 - 0:42 Faces of Science: Susan Hanson One of her current projects involves trying to replace precious-metal catalysts with earth-abundant metals. Precious and rare

  18. NERSC-ScienceHighlightSlidesJune2010V4.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    0 NERSC Science Highlights Silicon Uncommon in Deep Earth Objective: Investigate structural properties of silica (SiO 2 ) and other materials under extreme conditions. Accomplishments: Quantum Monte Carlo results suggest that Silica populates Earth only superficially; it's relatively uncommon deep within the Earth. * Results document improved accuracy and reliability of QMC relative to the more common and efficient Density Functional Theory method; increased role seen. Implications: One of the

  19. VenEarth Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    VenEarth Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: VenEarth Group Place: San Francisco, California Product: San Francisco-based venture capital company. References: VenEarth Group1...

  20. Celebrate Earth Day! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Savers Facebook pages, our Earth Day poll provides another opportunity for you to interact with us. Log on to our Earth Day Web site and tell us how you'll recognize Earth Day,...

  1. Earth Day 2014 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This year, we're celebrating Earth Day all week long. It's Earth Week on Energy.gov We're focusing on climate change, highlighting Earth Day events and sharing ways Americans ...

  2. Earth analysis methods, subsurface feature detection methods, earth analysis devices, and articles of manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    West, Phillip B.; Novascone, Stephen R.; Wright, Jerry P.

    2012-05-29

    Earth analysis methods, subsurface feature detection methods, earth analysis devices, and articles of manufacture are described. According to one embodiment, an earth analysis method includes engaging a device with the earth, analyzing the earth in a single substantially lineal direction using the device during the engaging, and providing information regarding a subsurface feature of the earth using the analysis.

  3. Earth analysis methods, subsurface feature detection methods, earth analysis devices, and articles of manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    West, Phillip B.; Novascone, Stephen R.; Wright, Jerry P.

    2011-09-27

    Earth analysis methods, subsurface feature detection methods, earth analysis devices, and articles of manufacture are described. According to one embodiment, an earth analysis method includes engaging a device with the earth, analyzing the earth in a single substantially lineal direction using the device during the engaging, and providing information regarding a subsurface feature of the earth using the analysis.

  4. National Association of Biology Teachers Conference | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Association of Biology Teachers Conference National Association of Biology Teachers Conference November 3, 2016 8:00AM MST to November 6, 2016 12:00PM MST Denver Sheraton-Downtown 1550 Court Pl Denver, Colorado 80202 The National Association of Biology Teachers Conference will be hosted in Denver, Colorado, November 3-6, 2016. The conference will provide an opportunity for leaders in biology and life science education to participate in hands-on workshops and informational sessions. Bioenergy

  5. SciTech Connect: "earth system models"

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    earth system models" Find + Advanced Search Term Search Semantic Search Advanced Search All Fields: "earth system models" Semantic Semantic Term Title: Full Text: Bibliographic...

  6. Earth Tidal Analysis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    of earth tide response of three deep, confined aquifers Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1980) Raft River Geothermal Area 1980 1980 Reservoir response to...

  7. Green Earth Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Earth Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Earth Fuels Place: Houston, Texas Zip: 77057 Product: A producer and distributor of soy and palm based biodiesel Coordinates:...

  8. Smiling Earth Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Earth Energy LLC Place: Bakersfield, California Zip: 93314 Product: California based biodiesel producer and project developer. References: Smiling Earth Energy LLC1 This...

  9. Through-the-earth radio

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reagor, David; Vasquez-Dominguez, Jose

    2006-12-12

    A through-the-earth communication system that includes a digital signal input device; a transmitter operating at a predetermined frequency sufficiently low to effectively penetrate useful distances through-the earth; a data compression circuit that is connected to an encoding processor; an amplifier that receives encoded output from the encoding processor for amplifying the output and transmitting the data to an antenna; and a receiver with an antenna, a band pass filter, a decoding processor, and a data decompressor.

  10. Energy Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Scientists are advancing the fundamental science of materials within the context of global energy-related challenges. They are developing experimental and theoretical...

  11. Explosives Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Current efforts in explosives science cover many areas critical to national security. One particular area is the need for countermeasures against explosive threats. v Comprehensive ...

  12. Photon Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Photon Science Along with its primary missions-global security, energy security, basic ... projects to innovate and develop cutting-edge technologies in support of those missions. ...

  13. Information Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T) American Society for Indexing (ASI) Digital Library Federation (DLF) National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Special...

  14. Chemical Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science ... Additional mission-related chemistry was required in the disciplines of high explosives ...

  15. Energy Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Science Print Our current fossil-fuel-based system ... X-Ray Microscopy Reveals How Crystal Mechanics Drive ... Breakthrough Research on Platinum-Nickel Alloys Hydrogen Storage ...

  16. Computational Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Advanced Materials Laboratory Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Combustion Research Facility Computational Science Research Institute Joint BioEnergy Institute About EC News ...

  17. Fire Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    and Application Center for Hydrogen Energy Research Programs ARPA-E Basic Energy Sciences ... Sea State Contour) Code Online Abstracts and Reports Water Power Personnel ...

  18. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    February 26-27, 2015, Tysons, Virginia | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) February 26-27, 2015, Tysons, Virginia Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee February 26-27, 2015, Tysons, Virginia Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page

  19. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    October 28-29, 2013 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) October 28-29, 2013 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee October 28-29, 2013 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Agenda .pdf file (10KB) Presentations: Sharlene Weatherwax

  20. Renewable Hydrogen Production from Biological Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydrogen Production from Biological Systems Matthew Posewitz Colorado School of Mines DOE Biological Hydrogen Production Workshop September 24 th , 2013 H 2 production PSII/PSI pathway PSI/nonphotochemical PQ Dark fermentation H 2 uptake oxyhydrogen reaction photoreduction Photosynthetic H 2 pathways Peters JW et al. Science 1998 Nicolet Y et al. Structure and Folding Des. 1999 Phototroph Hydrogenases * Cyanobacteria - Only [NiFe]-hydrogenases identified to date. - Typically dark H 2 production.

  1. NERSC-ScienceHighlightsDecember2013.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    December 2013 NERSC Science Highlights --- 1 --- NERSC User Science Highlights Energy Simulation couples with experiment to boost bioenergy research (L. Petridis, ORNL) Nuclear Physics Wherein Bert n' Ernie are followed by the even more energetic "BigBird" (L. Gerhardt, NERSC) Materials NERSC enables simulations that mimic some key features of carbonate crystallization. L. Hedges (LBNL) Astrophysics Helping to answer the question, "Are Earths Rare?" (E. Petigura, UC Berkeley)

  2. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Preferred Modes of Surface-Atmosphere Interaction in the Polar Regions Stramler, K.L.(a), Del Genio, A.D.(b), and Rossow, W.B.(b), Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York (a), NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, New York (b) Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Analysis of Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) data has identified three distinct, preferred modes of surface-atmosphere

  3. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Regional Variation in Cloud Radiaitive Forcing at the Arctic Surface Minnett, P.J.(a), Papakyriakou, T.N.(b), Ananasso, C.(c), Key, E.L.(a), and Hanafin, J.A.(a), Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA (a), Centre for Earth Observation Science, Geography Department, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (b), Institute of Atmospheric Physics - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome, Italy (c) Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation

  4. Plant biology research and training for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, K.

    1992-01-01

    The committee was assembled in response to a request from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the US Department of Energy (DoE). The leadership of these agencies asked the National Academy of Sciences through the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the status of plant-science research in the United States in light of the opportunities arising from advances inother areas of biology. NRC was asked to suggest ways of accelerating the application of these new biologic concepts and tools to research in plant science with the aim of enhancing the acquisition of new knowledge about plants. The charge to the committee was to examine the following: Organizations, departments, and institutions conducting plant biology research; human resources involved in plant biology research; graduate training programs in plant biology; federal, state, and private sources of support for plant-biology research; the role of industry in conducting and supporting plant-biology research; the international status of US plant-biology research; and the relationship of plant biology to leading-edge research in biology.

  5. Plant biology research and training for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, K.

    1992-12-31

    The committee was assembled in response to a request from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the US Department of Energy (DoE). The leadership of these agencies asked the National Academy of Sciences through the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the status of plant-science research in the United States in light of the opportunities arising from advances inother areas of biology. NRC was asked to suggest ways of accelerating the application of these new biologic concepts and tools to research in plant science with the aim of enhancing the acquisition of new knowledge about plants. The charge to the committee was to examine the following: Organizations, departments, and institutions conducting plant biology research; human resources involved in plant biology research; graduate training programs in plant biology; federal, state, and private sources of support for plant-biology research; the role of industry in conducting and supporting plant-biology research; the international status of US plant-biology research; and the relationship of plant biology to leading-edge research in biology.

  6. Thermal Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Thermal Sciences NETL's Thermal Sciences competency provides the scientific, engineering, and technology development community with innovative and efficient approaches to measure, harness, and convert thermal energy. Research includes sensors, advanced energy concepts, and thermodynamic optimization, specifically: Sensors and Diagnostics Advanced sensor and diagnostic technology to develop and evaluate advanced methods for non-intrusive measurement and measurement in extreme environments.

  7. optimal initial conditions for coupling ice sheet models to earth system

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    models (Conference) | SciTech Connect Conference: optimal initial conditions for coupling ice sheet models to earth system models Citation Details In-Document Search Title: optimal initial conditions for coupling ice sheet models to earth system models Authors: Perego, Mauro [1] ; Price, Stephen F. Dr [2] ; Stadler, Georg [3] + Show Author Affiliations Sandia National Laboratories Los Alamos National Laboratory Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, Univ. of Texas at Austin

  8. Science DMZ Case Studies

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ @ UF Science DMZ @ CU Science DMZ @ Penn & VTTI Science DMZ @ NOAA Science DMZ @ NERSC Science DMZ @ ALS Multi-facility Workflow Case Study News & Publications ESnet News Publications and Presentations Galleries ESnet Awards and Honors Blog ESnet Live Home » Science Engagement » Case Studies » Science DMZ Case Studies Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science

  9. KineticsFinal Report Cover Page Bakajin, O 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    KineticsFinal Report Cover Page Bakajin, O 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 42 ENGINEERING; CONSUMPTION RATES; DEAD TIME; DETECTION; DIFFUSION; DNA; ENERGY TRANSFER; FABRICATION;...

  10. Lensless Imaging of Whole Biological Cells with Soft X-Rays

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    capabilities in both biology and materials sciences. Piecing it all Together Lensless imaging uses a computer to decode light diffraction patterns that are captured by a...

  11. NREL: Energy Sciences - Chemical and Materials Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Photovoltaic Program and DOE Basic Energy Sciences Program. Materials Science. The Materials Science Group's research...

  12. Basic Energy Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Basic Energy Sciences Basic Energy Sciences Supporing research to understand, predict and ... The DOE Office of Science's Basic Energy Sciences program equips scientists with a ...

  13. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DAVENPORT, J.

    2006-11-01

    Computational Science is an integral component of Brookhaven's multi science mission, and is a reflection of the increased role of computation across all of science. Brookhaven currently has major efforts in data storage and analysis for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the ATLAS detector at CERN, and in quantum chromodynamics. The Laboratory is host for the QCDOC machines (quantum chromodynamics on a chip), 10 teraflop/s computers which boast 12,288 processors each. There are two here, one for the Riken/BNL Research Center and the other supported by DOE for the US Lattice Gauge Community and other scientific users. A 100 teraflop/s supercomputer will be installed at Brookhaven in the coming year, managed jointly by Brookhaven and Stony Brook, and funded by a grant from New York State. This machine will be used for computational science across Brookhaven's entire research program, and also by researchers at Stony Brook and across New York State. With Stony Brook, Brookhaven has formed the New York Center for Computational Science (NYCCS) as a focal point for interdisciplinary computational science, which is closely linked to Brookhaven's Computational Science Center (CSC). The CSC has established a strong program in computational science, with an emphasis on nanoscale electronic structure and molecular dynamics, accelerator design, computational fluid dynamics, medical imaging, parallel computing and numerical algorithms. We have been an active participant in DOES SciDAC program (Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing). We are also planning a major expansion in computational biology in keeping with Laboratory initiatives. Additional laboratory initiatives with a dependence on a high level of computation include the development of hydrodynamics models for the interpretation of RHIC data, computational models for the atmospheric transport of aerosols, and models for combustion and for energy utilization. The CSC was formed to bring together

  14. Biological Imaging by Soft X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biological Imaging by Soft X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy Print Electron and x-ray microscopes are a valuable tool for both the life and materials sciences, but they are limited in...

  15. Biological Imaging by Soft X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biological Imaging by Soft X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy Print Electron and x-ray microscopes are a valuable tool for both the life and materials sciences, but they are limited in ...

  16. Work with Biological Materials

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    cells, viruses), plant or soil samples (USDA quarantines), recombinant DNA, or blood-borne pathogen. Biological Use Authorization The great majority of biological work at...

  17. Earth System Modeling -- Director`s initiative. LDRD Program final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacCracken, M.; Penner, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Atmospheric Science Div.

    1996-06-01

    The objective of the Earth System Modeling Director`s Initiative is to develop and test a framework for interactively coupling subsystem models that represent the physical, chemical, and biological processes which determine the state of the atmosphere, ocean, land surface and vegetation. Most studies of the potential for human perturbations of the climate system made previously have treated only limited components of the Earth system. The purpose of this project was to demonstrate the capability of coupling all relevant components in a flexible framework that will permit a wide variety of tests to be conducted to assure realistic interactions. A representation of the Earth system is shown and its important interactions.

  18. Science Magazine

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    & ANALYSIS www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 339 8 FEBRUARY 2013 635 Steven Chu, the fi rst Nobel-winning scien- tist to lead the sprawling U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), has rarely...

  19. Eligibility | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Prairie | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Elevated Carbon Dioxide Suppresses Dominant Plant Species in a Mixed-Grass Prairie Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy

  20. Isotope Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science and Production 35 years of experience in isotope production, processing, and applications. Llllll Committed to the safe and reliable production of radioisotopes, products, and services. Contact: Kevin John LANL Isotope Program Manager kjohn@lanl.gov 505-667-3602 Sponsored by the Department of Energy National Isotope Program http://www.nuclear.energy.gov/isotopes/nelsotopes2a.html Isotopes for Environmental Science Isotopes produced at Los Alamos National Laboratory are used as

  1. Measurement Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    wins 2016 Joseph F. Keithley Award for Advances in Measurement Science October 15, 2015 Honors to Albert Migliori, developer of resonant ultrasound spectroscopy LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 15, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory physicist Albert Migliori, having led the development of a powerful tool for important measurements in condensed matter physics including superconductivity, is being given the Joseph F. Keithley Award For Advances in Measurement Science, the top instrumentation prize of the

  2. Fermilab | Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    feature photo feature photo feature photo feature photo feature photo Science Navbar Toggle About Leadership and Organization Leadership bios Organizational chart Committees and Councils Science Photo and Video Gallery History Diversity Education Safety Sustainability and Environment Contact Related Links DOE FRA UChicago URA Newsroom Spotlight Press releases Fact sheets and brochures symmetry Interactions.org Photo and video archive Resources for ... Employees Researchers, postdocs and graduate

  3. Molecular Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Molecular Science NETL's Molecular Science competency provides technology-enabling computational and experimental insight into the atomic-level processes occurring in condensed matter and gas phase systems or at the heterogeneous surface-gas interfaces used for energy applications. Research includes molecular optimization as well as both classical and high-throughput material design, specifically: Molecular Optimization Development and application of new computational approaches in the general

  4. Science Museum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 at the Bradbury Science Museum July 22, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 22, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury Science Museum is opening two new exhibits July 26 as part of the Laboratory's 70th Anniversary celebration. One is a nanotechnology exhibit featuring the Laboratory's Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) and the other is an algae biofuel exhibit from the Laboratory and the New Mexico Consortium. An opening

  5. Nuclear Science

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and Engineering Education Sourcebook 2013 American Nuclear Society US Department of Energy Nuclear Science & Engineering Education Sourcebook 2013 North American Edition American Nuclear Society Education, Training, and Workforce Division US Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Editor and Founder John Gilligan Professor of Nuclear Engineering North Carolina State University Version 5.13 Welcome to the 2013 Edition of the Nuclear Science and Engineering Education (NS&EE)

  6. What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of Science Website What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of Science Website ...

  7. A New Biology for the 21st Century; Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution. Final committee report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None None

    2012-05-10

    In July, 2008, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), and Department of Energy (DOE) asked the National Research Council’s Board on Life Sciences to convene a committee to examine the current state of biological research in the United States and recommend how best to capitalize on recent technological and scientific advances that have allowed biologists to integrate biological research findings, collect and interpret vastly increased amounts of data, and predict the behavior of complex biological systems. From September 2008 through July of 2009, a committee of 16 experts from the fields of biology, engineering and computational science undertook to delineate those scientific and technological advances and come to a consensus on how the U.S. might best capitalize on them. This report, authored by the Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century, describes the committee’s work and conclusions.

  8. Barometric and Earth Tide Correction

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2005-11-10

    BETCO corrects for barometric and earth tide effects in long-term water level records. A regression deconvolution method is used ot solve a series of linear equations to determine an impulse response function for the well pressure head. Using the response function, a pressure head correction is calculated and applied.

  9. Joint Genome Institute (JGI) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities User Facilities Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy

  10. Earthquake triggering discussed in three Frontiers in Science lectures

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers in Science lectures Earthquake triggering discussed in three Frontiers in Science lectures Earthquakes and their possible causes is the topic of the next series of Frontiers in Science lectures by Paul Johnson. November 6, 2014 Paul Johnson Paul Johnson Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email "What is it that makes the Earth move under our feet?" Johnson asks. "How is it that earthquakes can cause other earthquakes? Can human activities also

  11. The Los Alamos Science Pillars The Science of Signatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Joshua E.; Peterson, Eugene J.

    2012-09-13

    As a national security science laboratory, Los Alamos is often asked to detect and measure the characteristics of complex systems and to use the resulting information to quantify the system's behavior. The Science of Signatures (SoS) pillar is the broad suite of technical expertise and capability that we use to accomplish this task. With it, we discover new signatures, develop new methods for detecting or measuring signatures, and deploy new detection technologies. The breadth of work at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in SoS is impressive and spans from the initial understanding of nuclear weapon performance during the Manhattan Project, to unraveling the human genome, to deploying laser spectroscopy instrumentation on Mars. Clearly, SoS is a primary science area for the Laboratory and we foresee that as it matures, new regimes of signatures will be discovered and new ways of extracting information from existing data streams will be developed. These advances will in turn drive the development of sensing instrumentation and sensor deployment. The Science of Signatures is one of three science pillars championed by the Laboratory and vital to supporting our status as a leading national security science laboratory. As with the other two pillars, Materials for the Future and Information Science and Technology for Predictive Science (IS&T), SoS relies on the integration of technical disciplines and the multidisciplinary science and engineering that is our hallmark to tackle the most difficult national security challenges. Over nine months in 2011 and 2012, a team of science leaders from across the Laboratory has worked to develop a SoS strategy that positions us for the future. The crafting of this strategy has been championed by the Chemistry, Life, and Earth Sciences Directorate, but as you will see from this document, SoS is truly an Institution-wide effort and it has engagement from every organization at the Laboratory. This process tapped the insight and

  12. Containing A Star On Earth: Understanding Turbulence At 100 Million Degrees

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab 1, 2014, 9:00am to 11:00am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium Containing A Star On Earth: Understanding Turbulence At 100 Million Degrees Dr. Walter Guttenfelder, Research Physicist Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Presentation: PDF icon Guttenfelder_Science_on_Saturday_2014_1.pdf One of the principal challenges remaining for realizing magnetic fusion energy is to understand and mitigate the chaotic flows of ionized gas, or plasma, that lead to unacceptable

  13. Biological conversion system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scott, C.D.

    A system for bioconversion of organic material comprises a primary bioreactor column wherein a biological active agent (zymomonas mobilis) converts the organic material (sugar) to a product (alcohol), a rejuvenator column wherein the biological activity of said biological active agent is enhanced, and means for circulating said biological active agent between said primary bioreactor column and said rejuvenator column.

  14. Climate change stored below the earth`s surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cermak, V.; Safanda, J.; Kresl, M.

    1997-12-31

    Earth`s subsurface has a certain capability to remember what has happened on its surface tens to hundreds (or even thousands) years ago. Long-term climate changes accompanied by variations in tile mean annual temperature determine tile soil temperature, the time variations of which then propagate downwards with an attenuated amplitude and delayed phase. Ground surface temperature (GST) history, reflecting the past climate, can thus be evaluated by analysing its excursions left on the present-day temperature-depth T(z) distribution measured by precise temperature logging in the boreholes. Whereas the depths of several hundred metres may still keep and reveal a reliable record oil the climate of the past several centuries, tile uppermost layer of 100-150 in presents a plentiful archive of the recent global warming. Several characteristic examples of extracted climate recollections from holes all over the world will be resented and discussed.

  15. OSTIblog Articles in the Office of Biological and Environmental Research

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (OBER) Abstracts Database Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information Biological and Environmental Research (OBER) Abstracts Database Topic Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information by Lorrie Johnson 02 Aug, 2011 in Science Communications 4339 BER%20banner.jpg Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Read more about 4339

  16. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) meeting

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    October 27-28, 2016| U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) meeting October 27-28, 2016 Rockville, Md. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) meeting October 27-28,

  17. Synthetic biology and crop engineering | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Synthetic biology and crop engineering Synthetic biology and crop engineering Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2-A: Synthetic Biology and the Promise of Biofuels Jonathan Burbaum, Program Director, Department of Energy, Office of Science, ARPA-E b13_burbaum_2-a.pdf (1.63 MB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0481: Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0481: Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0481: Notice of Intent to Prepare a Programmatic

  18. Science Museum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Maintaining nuclear stability in times of transition focus of talk at Bradbury Science Museum January 9, 2014 First in series of evening lectures open to public LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Jan. 9, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory Senior Fellow Houston "Terry" Hawkins talks about the role that the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile plays in maintaining the nation's defense - and that of our allies - in a talk at 5:30 p.m., Jan. 15 at the Bradbury Science Museum. The talk is the first in a

  19. Science Museum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Emerging threats to global security focus of March 12 talk at Bradbury Science Museum March 6, 2014 Terry Wallace to address Lab's role in helping the government meet national security challenges LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 6, 2014-Terry Wallace, principal associate director for Global Security at Los Alamos National Laboratory, will talk about potential emerging threats in a lecture at 5:30 p.m., March 12 at the Bradbury Science Museum. The talk is the third in a series of evening lectures planned

  20. Earth Week 2016 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    THIS YEAR, WE'RE CELEBRATING EARTH DAY ALL WEEK LONG. It's EarthWeek on Energy.gov We're focusing on climate change, highlighting how we're helping the nation ActOnClimate. ...

  1. Modeling the Earth System, volume 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojima, D.

    1992-01-01

    The topics covered fall under the following headings: critical gaps in the Earth system conceptual framework; development needs for simplified models; and validating Earth system models and their subcomponents.

  2. EarthCraft Virginia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    EarthCraft Virginia Jump to: navigation, search Name: EarthCraft Virginia Place: Richmond, VA Zip: 23220 Website: www.ecvirginia.org Coordinates: 37.5464259, -77.4644607 Show...

  3. EarthRise Capital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    EarthRise Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name: EarthRise Capital Place: New York, New York Zip: NY 10111 Sector: Efficiency Product: Venture capital fund focused on new...

  4. EarthEnergy Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Cornwall, United Kingdom Product: EarthEnergy Systems specialises in ground source heat pump systems. References: EarthEnergy Limited1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  5. Alternative Earth Resources Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    840 - 1140 West Pender St. Place: Vancouver, B.C. Zip: V6E 4G1 Sector: Geothermal energy Website: www.alternative-earth.comsHo References: Alternative Earth Website1...

  6. Google Earth Tour: Water reuse at LANL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Google Earth Tour: Water reuse at LANL Google Earth Tour: Water reuse at LANL Open full screen to view more You are running an unsupported browser, some features may not work....

  7. Production method for making rare earth compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McCallum, R.W.; Ellis, T.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Hofer, R.J.; Branagan, D.J.

    1997-11-25

    A method of making a rare earth compound, such as a earth-transition metal permanent magnet compound, without the need for producing rare earth metal as a process step, comprises carbothermically reacting a rare earth oxide to form a rare earth carbide and heating the rare earth carbide, a compound-forming reactant (e.g., a transition metal and optional boron), and a carbide-forming element (e.g., a refractory metal) that forms a carbide that is more thermodynamically favorable than the rare earth carbide whereby the rare earth compound (e.g., Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B or LaNi{sub 5}) and a carbide of the carbide-forming element are formed.

  8. Production method for making rare earth compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McCallum, R. William; Ellis, Timothy W.; Dennis, Kevin W.; Hofer, Robert J.; Branagan, Daniel J.

    1997-11-25

    A method of making a rare earth compound, such as a earth-transition metal permanent magnet compound, without the need for producing rare earth metal as a process step, comprises carbothermically reacting a rare earth oxide to form a rare earth carbide and heating the rare earth carbide, a compound-forming reactant (e.g. a transition metal and optional boron), and a carbide-forming element (e.g. a refractory metal) that forms a carbide that is more thermodynamically favorable than the rare earth carbide whereby the rare earth compound (e.g. Nd.sub.2 Fe.sub.14 B or LaNi.sub.5) and a carbide of the carbide-forming element are formed.

  9. Earth

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sustainable Building, achieving major federal sustainability goals by incorporating green improvements and practices. Energy usage in this building alone dropped by 20 percent

  10. Earth

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Earned Value Management Earned Value Management Earned Value Management The mission of the DOE Earned Value Management website is to educate and train on theory and practice of Earned Value Management, and use it as an integrated Project Management process. Earned Value Management (EVM) is a systematic approach to the integration and measurement of cost, schedule, and technical (scope) accomplishments on a project or task. It provides both the government and contractors the ability to examine

  11. Argonne's 2012 Earth Day Event

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-01-01

    Argonne's 2012 Earth Day event drew crowds from across the laboratory. Argonne and U.S. Department of Energy employees toured booths and interactive displays set up by Argonne programs and clubs. Several of Argonne's partners participated, including U.S. Department of Energy, University of Chicago, Abri Credit Union, DuPage County Forest Preserve, DuPage Water Commission, PACE and Morton Arboretum. Argonne scientists and engineers also participated in a poster session, discussing their clean energy research.

  12. Argonne's 2012 Earth Day Event

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2016-07-12

    Argonne's 2012 Earth Day event drew crowds from across the laboratory. Argonne and U.S. Department of Energy employees toured booths and interactive displays set up by Argonne programs and clubs. Several of Argonne's partners participated, including U.S. Department of Energy, University of Chicago, Abri Credit Union, DuPage County Forest Preserve, DuPage Water Commission, PACE and Morton Arboretum. Argonne scientists and engineers also participated in a poster session, discussing their clean energy research.

  13. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Biology...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Dashtgard, Shahin (Shahin Dashtgard) - Department of Earth Sciences, Simon Fraser University Datta-Gupta, Akhil (Akhil Datta-Gupta) - ...

  14. Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Environment | Department of Energy Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy and Environment By: Dr. Anna Palmisano, Associate Director Office of Biological and Environmental Research Office of Science Subject: DOE's Office of Science Research Applications 9-10-09_Final_Testimony_(Palmisano).pdf (103.95 KB) More Documents & Publications HEARING BEFORE

  15. Wood panel earth shelter construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, J.R.; Loveless, J.G.; Senkow, W.

    1986-05-27

    An earth sheltered building is described including an arch structure, the structure including footings, a floor extending between the footings and arch means extending between the footings and having a base having lower ends on the footings for defining an enclosure which is covered with earth and open at opposite ends. The arch structure consists of: joined, curved wooden panel sections arranged in tandem in adjacent rows with more than two panel sections in a row, each of the sections including circumferentially extending wooden side members; wooden sheathing sections overlying the top skins of panel sections, the sheathing including a plurality of plywood sheets lapped over the joints between the panel sections and treated with a preservative; an adhesive joining the panel sections together within each row and to adjacent rows; waterproofing means on the sheathing for waterproofing the exterior surface of the arch means; connecting means engaging the base of the arch means at the footings and within the floor for tying the base together at its lower ends; and end walls and fastener means for joining the end walls to lateral edges of the arch means, the end walls dimensioned to extend above the arch means to retain earth placed on the arch means.

  16. Computing Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Computing Sciences Our Vision National User Facilities Research Areas In Focus Global Solutions ⇒ Navigate Section Our Vision National User Facilities Research Areas In Focus Global Solutions Computational Research Division The Computational Research Division conducts research and development in mathematical modeling and simulation, algorithm design, data storage, management and analysis, computer system architecture and high-performance software implementation. Scientific Networking

  17. A toolkit for building earth system models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foster, I.

    1993-03-01

    An earth system model is a computer code designed to simulate the interrelated processes that determine the earth`s weather and climate, such as atmospheric circulation, atmospheric physics, atmospheric chemistry, oceanic circulation, and biosphere. I propose a toolkit that would support a modular, or object-oriented, approach to the implementation of such models.

  18. National K-12 Educator Conference; "Earth Then, Earth Now: Our Changing Climate" (July 23-24, 2008)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flammer, Karen; O'Shaughnessy, Tam

    2013-12-11

    With the support of the Department of Energy, the National Science Teachers Association and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Imaginary Lines Inc. (dba Sally Ride Science) delivered a highly successful 2-day conference to 165 K-12 educators on climate change. The event took place on July 23rd and 24th, 2008 at the NOAA facility in Silver Spring, MD. The conference celebrated the 25th anniversary of Dr. Sally Rides first flight into space in 1983 and examined how our understanding of Earth has changed in those 25 years. One the first day of the conference, participants heard a keynote talk delivered by Dr. Sally Ride, followed by presentations by well-known climate change scientists: Dr. Richard Somerville, Dr. Inez Fung and Dr. Susan Solomon. These sessions were concurrently webcast and made available to educators who were unable to attend the conference. On the second day of the conference, participants attended breakout sessions where they performed climate change activities (e.g. Neato Albedo!, Greenhouse in a Bottle, Shell-Shocked) that they could take back to their classrooms. Additional break-out sessions on using remote sensing images to illustrate climate change effects on Earths surface and how to address the climate change debate, were also offered. During lunch, participants attended an Educator Street Fair and had the opportunity to interact with representatives from NOAA, NASA, the EPA, NEEF and the JASON project. A follow-up evaluation survey was administered to all conference attendees immediately following the conference to evaluate its effectiveness. The results of this survey were overwhelmingly positive. The conference materials: presentation Power Points, workshop handouts and activities were available for teachers to download after the conference from the Sally Ride Science website. In summary, the approximately $55K support for the Department of Energy was used to help plan, deliver and evaluate the Earth Then

  19. Science at the Theatre - Extreme Science - Promo Video

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Klein, Spencer

    2013-05-29

    On Feb. 27 at 7 pm at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre, join four Berkeley Lab scientists as they discuss extreme science -- and what it means to you. Topics include: Neutrino hunting in Antarctica. Learn why Spencer Klein goes to the ends of the Earth to search for these ghostly particles. From Chernobyl to Central Asia, Tamas Torok travels the globe to study microbial diversity in extreme environments. Andrew Minor uses the world's most advanced electron microscopes to explore materials at ultrahigh stresses and in harsh environments. And microbes that talk to computers? Caroline Ajo-Franklin is pioneering cellular-electrical connections that could help transform sunlight into fuel. Go here for more information and to view videos of previous Science at the Theater events: http://www.lbl.gov/LBL-PID/fobl/

  20. Science at the Theatre - Extreme Science - Promo Video

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, Spencer

    2012-01-01

    On Feb. 27 at 7 pm at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre, join four Berkeley Lab scientists as they discuss extreme science -- and what it means to you. Topics include: Neutrino hunting in Antarctica. Learn why Spencer Klein goes to the ends of the Earth to search for these ghostly particles. From Chernobyl to Central Asia, Tamas Torok travels the globe to study microbial diversity in extreme environments. Andrew Minor uses the world's most advanced electron microscopes to explore materials at ultrahigh stresses and in harsh environments. And microbes that talk to computers? Caroline Ajo-Franklin is pioneering cellular-electrical connections that could help transform sunlight into fuel. Go here for more information and to view videos of previous Science at the Theater events: http://www.lbl.gov/LBL-PID/fobl/

  1. Briefing: DOE and the Life and Medical Sciences | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Briefing: DOE and the Life and Medical Sciences Briefing: DOE and the Life and Medical Sciences Aristides Patrinos, Deputy Director for Research, NYU Center for Urban Science and Progress, discussed DOE and the Life and Medical Sciences in his presentation entitled, The Promise and Challenges of the Human Genome Program. Sharlene Weatherwax, Associate Director, Biological and Environmental Research, Office of Science, DOE, discussed DOE and the Life and Medical Sciences in her presentation

  2. Category:Earth Tidal Analysis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Earth Tidal Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Earth Tidal Analysis page? For detailed information on Earth Tidal Analysis, click here....

  3. Structural Molecular Biology, SSRL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlights Science Highlights Structure of Chinese Herbal-based Medicine Captured by ATP on a Human tRNA Synthetase For approximately 2,000 years, the Chinese have been ...

  4. FES BER HEP NP BES ASCR NERSC Science Highlights

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    September 2016 Science Highlights September 2016 Biological Science 125,000+ new viral genomes discovered, increasing the number of know viral genes by a factor of 16. Kyrpides, LBNL, Nature High Energy Physics The search for an opAcal counterpart of the first detected gravitaAonal waves. Kasliwal, Caltech, Astrophysical Journal Le<ers Biological Science Speeding up a bioinformaAcs applicaAon to make biology more predicAve. Luecke, Iowa State, Intl. Journal of HPC Applications Chemical

  5. From earth to space, Harold Urey's research paved pathways for modern

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    science | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information From earth to space, Harold Urey's research paved pathways for modern science Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2010 The discovery of deuterium helped Harold Urey win the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1934 and has been called one of the foremost achievements of modern science. His work ranged from the separation of isotopes for the development of the atomic bomb to cosmochemistry, a term he coined when his

  6. DOE Office of Science Exascale Requirements Reviews: Target 2020-2025

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Basic Energy Sciences Fusion Energy Sciences Biological and Environmental Research Nuclear Physics Advanced Scientific Computing Research Requirements Reviews: Target 2017 Requirements Reviews: Target 2014 Overview Published Reports Case Study FAQs NERSC HPC Achievement Awards Share Your Research User Submitted Research Citations NERSC Citations Home » Science at NERSC » HPC Requirements Reviews » Exascale Requirements Reviews DOE Office of Science Exascale Requirements Reviews: Target

  7. Nuclear Science & Technology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Science & Technology Nuclear Science & Technology1354608000000Nuclear Science & TechnologySome of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access. No...

  8. Bradbury Science Museum

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Bradbury Science Museum Bradbury Science Museum Providing a window into the history of LANL, its national security mission, and the broad range of exciting science and technology ...

  9. ORISE: Forensic Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Forensic Science Forensic Science The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) provides direct forensic analytical support, consulting and training services to United...

  10. Top Science of 2013

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Liquid-scanning technology boosts airport security science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Top Science of 2013 Our strong interdisciplinary teaming and unique research...

  11. SciDAC's Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Semiannual Progress Report October 1, 2010 through March 31, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Dean N.

    2011-04-02

    This report summarizes work carried out by the Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET) from October 1, 2010 through March 31, 2011. It discusses ESG-CET highlights for the reporting period, overall progress, period goals, and collaborations, and lists papers and presentations. To learn more about our project and to find previous reports, please visit the ESG-CET Web sites: http://esg-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ and/or https://wiki.ucar.edu/display/esgcet/Home. This report will be forwarded to managers in the Department of Energy (DOE) Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) program and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER), as well as national and international collaborators and stakeholders (e.g., those involved in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, phase 5 (CMIP5) for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment Report (AR5); the Community Earth System Model (CESM); the Climate Science Computational End Station (CCES); SciDAC II: A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science; the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP); the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)), and also to researchers working on a variety of other climate model and observation evaluation activities. The ESG-CET executive committee consists of Dean N. Williams, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Ian Foster, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); and Don Middleton, National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The ESG-CET team is a group of researchers and scientists with diverse domain knowledge, whose home institutions include eight laboratories and two universities: ANL, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), LLNL, NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), NCAR, Oak Ridge National

  12. Structural Molecular Biology, SSRL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Molecular Biology Group hosted a 3-day comprehensive workshop on the use of non-crystalline small-angle x-ray scattering and diffraction techniques in structural biology research. ...

  13. Dr Robert J Stack | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Education: B.S., Chemical and Cell Biology, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences at Rutgers University, 1976 Ph.D., Biochemistry, University of California, Davis, 1984 ...

  14. Dr. Laura Biven | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    scientific research interests focused on the study of wave turbulence while her science policy interests have included areas of invasion biology, risk analysis and climate change. ...

  15. Claudio Pellegrini, 2014 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    physics, atomic physics, plasma physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science, adding the dimension of x-ray atomic-scale imaging to attosecond time-resolved measurements. ...

  16. Brookhaven Site Office Homepage | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    with a primary mission on delivering breakthrough science and technology in the areas of Physics and chemistry materials, Environmental and Energy Research, and Structural Biology. ...

  17. Chester R. Richmond, 1974 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Life Sciences: For meritorious research on the radiation biology of internally deposited radionuclides, for outstanding contributions to ...

  18. Discovery Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    universe Discovery Science Since the beginning of civilization, humans have marveled at the night sky and pondered the vast stretches of the universe. The invention of telescopes in the 17th century revealed the first details of the Moon and the planets in our solar system. Four hundred years later, space-based observatories such as NASA's Hubble and Kepler regularly capture amazing vistas of billions of galaxies millions of light years away. Despite these advances, astronomers have only been

  19. Science Pillars

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Pillars Harnessing our scientific capabilities for national security solutions Los Alamos National Laboratory LA-UR-15-27068 Benefits of the Science Pillars The Laboratory's greatest strength is in our multidisciplinary capabilities. The Pillars draw on these capabilities- across traditional organizational and disciplinary boundaries-to help us accomplish our missions. The LDRD Strategic Investment Plan is built around the Pillars. The Laboratory's External Reviews are organized by Pillar.

  20. Science News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    News Science News Filter by Year All 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1 2 3 | Next » NRELsolarcell Multiscale HPC Captures Photovoltaics at the Nanoscale October 19, 2016 Advances in ultrafast spectroscopy experiments and high performance computing are revolutionizing the scientific community's ability to study the physical processes that occur in solar cells at short length and time scales. Read More » LaserplasmaWarp2 The

  1. Information Sciences

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Information Sciences Uncovering actionable knowledge and generating insight into exascale datasets from heterogeneous sources in real time Leadership Group Leader Patrick Kelly Email Deputy Group Leader Amy Larson Email Contact Us Administrator Yvonne McKelvey Email Conceptual illustration of futuristic data stream processing. Developing methods and tools for understanding complex interactions and extracting actionable information from massive data streams. Basic and applied research

  2. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    March 03-04, 2014 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) March 03-04, 2014 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee March 03-04, 2014 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Agenda .pdf file (21KB) Presentations: Sharlene Weatherwax .pdf

  3. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    October 1-2, 2014, Rockville, MD | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) October 1-2, 2014, Rockville, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee October 1-2, 2014, Rockville, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Agenda .pdf file

  4. Earth boring machine and method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullinger, R.

    1983-09-13

    An earth boring machine and method are disclosed. An above-ground reference line, such as a laser beam, is established for a hole to be bored. The direction of the reference line is detected. The direction of a cutting head of the boring machine in a bore hole is detected and signals of the detected direction are transmitted to a control unit for comparison with the reference line direction. The boring machine is controlled with, for example, cam actuated adjustable peripheral cutters on the cutting head so that the direction of the boring machine can be adjusted to that of the reference line.

  5. Global warming science & policy: Progress 1996-1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinyan, Shen

    1997-12-31

    Recent progress in science and policy is summarized. The most significant progress has been the recognition worldwide of the importance of Extreme Events (EE), short for extreme climatic events, during the earth`s current climatic transition, in which the magnitudes of the {open_quotes}oscillatory amplitude{close_quotes} in climatic patterns could easily {open_quotes}exceed{close_quotes} the difference between the end points.

  6. Maximizing the ExoEarth candidate yield from a future direct imaging mission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stark, Christopher C.; Roberge, Aki; Mandell, Avi; Robinson, Tyler D.

    2014-11-10

    ExoEarth yield is a critical science metric for future exoplanet imaging missions. Here we estimate exoEarth candidate yield using single visit completeness for a variety of mission design and astrophysical parameters. We review the methods used in previous yield calculations and show that the method choice can significantly impact yield estimates as well as how the yield responds to mission parameters. We introduce a method, called Altruistic Yield Optimization, that optimizes the target list and exposure times to maximize mission yield, adapts maximally to changes in mission parameters, and increases exoEarth candidate yield by up to 100% compared to previous methods. We use Altruistic Yield Optimization to estimate exoEarth candidate yield for a large suite of mission and astrophysical parameters using single visit completeness. We find that exoEarth candidate yield is most sensitive to telescope diameter, followed by coronagraph inner working angle, followed by coronagraph contrast, and finally coronagraph contrast noise floor. We find a surprisingly weak dependence of exoEarth candidate yield on exozodi level. Additionally, we provide a quantitative approach to defining a yield goal for future exoEarth-imaging missions.

  7. Science Highlights | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    transmission --Smart Grid -Energy economy --Energy policy Environment -Biology --Computational biology ---Bioinformatics ---Molecular dynamics --Environmental biology ...

  8. Materials Science Research | Materials Science | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Research For photovoltaics and other energy applications, NREL's primary research in materials science includes the following core competencies. A photo of laser light rays...

  9. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Computer Science...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    SECRETARIAL SUPPORT Winner: Lora Wolfe Organization: Computer Science and Mathematics Division Citation: For exemplary administrative secretarial support to the Computer Science ...

  10. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Computer Science...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Science and Mathematics Division The Computer Science and Mathematics Division (CSMD) is ORNL's premier source of basic and applied research in high-performance computing, ...

  11. Bradbury Science Museum - Science on Wheels

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    science, technology, engineering and mathematics and promote public understanding and ... science, technology, engineering and mathematics, and the work of Los Alamos National ...

  12. Science DMZ Implemented at NERSC

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ @ UF Science DMZ @ ...

  13. Science & Technology Review November 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Budil, K

    2002-09-25

    This months issue of Science and Technology Review has the following articles: (1) High-Tech Help for Fighting Wildfires--Commentary by Leland W. Younker; (2) This Model Can Take the Heat--A physics-based simulation program to combat wildfires combines the capabilities and resources of Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos national laboratories. (3) The Best and the Brightest Come to Livermore--The Lawrence Fellowship Program attracts the most sought-after postdoctoral researchers to the Laboratory. (4) A view to Kill--Livermore sensors are aimed at the ''kill'' vehicle when it intercepts an incoming ballistic missile. (5) 50th Anniversary Highlight--Biological Research Evolves at Livermore--Livermore's biological research program keeps pace with emerging national issues, from studying the effects of ionizing radiation to detecting agents of biological warfare.

  14. Earth's mysterious atmosphere. ATLAS 1: Teachers guide with activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    One of our mission's primary goals is to better understand the physics and chemistry of our atmosphere, the thin envelope of air that provides for human life and shields us from the harshness of space. The Space Shuttle Atlantis will carry the ATLAS 1 science instruments 296 km above Earth, so that they can look down into and through the various layers of the atmosphere. Five solar radiometers will precisely measure the amount of energy the Sun injects into Earth's environment. The chemistry at different altitudes will be measured very accurately by five other instruments called spectrometers. Much of our time in the cockpit of Atlantis will be devoted to two very exciting instruments that measure the auroras and the atmosphere's electrical characteristics. Finally, our ultraviolet telescope will probe the secrets of fascinating celestial objects. This Teacher's Guide is designed as a detective story to help you appreciate some of the many questions currently studied by scientists around the world. Many complex factors affect our atmosphere today, possibly even changing the course of global climate. All who live on Earth must recognize that they play an ever-growing role in causing some of these changes. People must solve this great atmospheric mystery if they are to understand all these changes and know what to do about them.

  15. Through-the-earth radio

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reagor, David; Vasquez-Dominguez, Jose

    2006-05-09

    A method and apparatus for effective through-the-earth communication involves a signal input device connected to a transmitter operating at a predetermined frequency sufficiently low to effectively penetrate useful distances through-the earth, and having an analog to digital converter receiving the signal input and passing the signal input to a data compression circuit that is connected to an encoding processor, the encoding processor output being provided to a digital to analog converter. An amplifier receives the analog output from the digital to analog converter for amplifying said analog output and outputting said analog output to an antenna. A receiver having an antenna receives the analog output passes the analog signal to a band pass filter whose output is connected to an analog to digital converter that provides a digital signal to a decoding processor whose output is connected to an data decompressor, the data decompressor providing a decompressed digital signal to a digital to analog converter. An audio output device receives the analog output form the digital to analog converter for producing audible output.

  16. Biology and Medicine Division annual report, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-04-01

    Modern biology is characterized by rapid change. The development of new tools and the results derived from their application to various biological systems require significant shifts in our concepts and the strategies that are adopted to analyze and elucidate mechanisms. In parallel with exciting new scientific developments our organizational structure and programmatic emphases have altered. These changes and developments have enabled the life sciences at LBL to be better positioned to create and respond to new opportunities. The work summarized in this annual report reflects a vital multifaceted research program that is in the vanguard of the areas represented. We are committed to justifying the confidence expressed by LBL through the new mission statement and reorganizational changes designed to give greater prominence to the life sciences.

  17. High School Teams Compete in Science Bowl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Teams from Across Colorado Compete in Science Bowl For more information contact: e:mail: Public Affairs Golden, Colo., Feb. 23, 1998 — On the surfaces of which three planets would you weigh more than you do on Earth? How many molecules are in two moles of sulfur trioxide? High school students from across Colorado will face such questions as they test their mental agility in the 1998 Colorado Science Bowl Feb. 28 at Metropolitan State College in Denver. More than 40 teams will compete in this

  18. Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment Science Objective

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment Science Objective Despite improvements in computing power, current weather and climate models are unable to accurately reproduce the formation, growth, and decay of clouds and precipitation associated with storm systems. Not only is this due to a lack of data about precipitation, but also about the 3-dimensional environment of the surrounding clouds, winds, and moisture, and how that affects the transfer of energy between the sun and Earth. To

  19. National Ignition Facility & Photon Science What

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    7 National Ignition Facility & Photon Science What is NiF? the national ignition Facility: bringing star Power to earth The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is the world's largest and highest energy laser system. NIF is an essential experimental tool supporting the stockpile stewardship program of the u.s. department of energy's National Nuclear security Administration. Construction began in 1997, and NIF became operational in march 2009. during experiments, NIF's 192 intense laser beams are

  20. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Comparison of Atmospheric Clear-sky Shortwave Radiation Models to Collocated Satellite and Surface Measurements in Canada Jing, X., and Cess, R.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook Eighth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Measurements of the top of the atmosphere (TOA) reflected shortwave radiation from the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) have been collocated with surface insolation measurements made at 24 Canadian stations located below 57 degrees

  1. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    CAGEX Version 3: Tightening Shortwave Fluxes and Measurements of Surface Spectral Characteristics Alberta, T.L., Analytical Services and Materials, Inc.; Charlock, T.P., National Aeronautics and Space Administration-Langley Research Center Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Version 3 of the CAGEX (Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System [CERES]/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement [ARM]/Global Energy and Water Experiment [GEWEX]) is introduced. As with Version 2

  2. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Initial Cloud Properties Derived from GMS Over the Tropical Western Pacific Doelling, D.R., Ho, S.-P., Smith, W.L., Jr., Analytical Services and Materials, Inc.; Minnis, P., National Aeronautics and Space Administration-Langley Research Center Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Satellite data are needed to provide measurements of the earth-atmosphere shortwave (SW) albedo, outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), and cloud and surface radiative properties for the

  3. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Aerosol-Cloud-Radiation Interaction: A Comparison of GCM Results versus Surface Observations Liepert, B.G., Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University; Lohmann, U., Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The change in cloud properties due to increased anthropogenic emissions of aerosols and their precursor gases is referred to as "indirect aerosol effect." Estimates with general circulation models (GCMs)

  4. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Collocated Satellite, Surface and Sounding Data Emerges On-line from CAVE (CERES ARM Validation Experiment) at SGP Rose, F.G., Rutan, D.A., Smith, N.M., and Alberta, T.L., Analytical Services and Materials, Inc.; Charlock, T.P., National Aeronautics and Space Administration-Langley Research Center Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Top-of-the-atmosphere (TOA) broadband observations from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument on the

  5. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Retrieval of Cirrus Particle Sizes Using a Spit-Window Technique: A Sensitivity Study Fu, Q. (a) and Sun, W.B. (b), University of Washington (a), Dalhousie University (b) Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The 8 - 12 um atmospheric window is an important spectral region for the remote sensing of the earth-atmosphere system. Since clouds are the major regulator of the global radiative energy budget, numerous methods have been developed to detect clouds and cloud

  6. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Parameterization of the Longwave Radiative Effects of Mineral Aerosols Dufresne, J.L. (a,b), Gautier,C. (a), and Ricchiazzi,P. (a), ICESS, University California Santa Barbara (a), LMD/CNRS, Paris, France (b) Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Observations and models have demonstrated the importance of radiative forcing by mineral aerosols on the Earth's energy budget. However, relatively little is known about how these aerosols affect atmospheric circulation

  7. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Algorithm-Development Strategies for Retrieving the Downwelling Longwave Flux at the Earth's Surface Zhou, Y. and Cess, R.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Algorithm-development strategies for retrieving the surface downwelling longwave flux (SDLW) have been formulated based on detailed studies with radiative transfer models and observational data. The model sensitivity studies were conducted with the Column

  8. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    The International Intercomparison of 3-Dimensional Radiation Codes Cahalan, R.F., NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting I3RC (International Intercomparison of 3-dimensional Radiation Codes) has as its pri-mary goal to compare a wide variety of three-dimensional (3D) radiative transfer meth-ods applied to Earth's atmosphere, with a few selected cloud fields as input, and a few selected radiative quantities as output. Phases 1 and 2

  9. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Comparison of Surface Aerosol and Ozone Budgets at ARM Continental and Polar Sites Iziomon, M.G. and Lohmann, U., Dalhousie University, Canada Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Although tropospheric aerosols and ozone are of significant importance to climate change and contribute substantially to the radiative forcing of the Earth's climate, the understanding of their climatic influence are compounded by their variable concentrations. Long-term measurements

  10. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    The Comparison Between MOD06 Cloud Products and the ARM SGP Zhang, Y.(a) and Mace, G.G.(b), University of Utah (a), University of Utah (b) Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Clouds, especially cirrus clouds, are critical for us to better understand the characterization of radiative processes in the atmosphere which is widely recognized as a major source of uncertainty in the earth's climate. The MODIS instrument on board the flagship satellite, TERRA, of the

  11. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Evaluation of MODIS Cloud Mask Products (MOD35) with MMCR Data Zhang, Q. and Mace, G.G., University of Utah Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) provides global observations of Earth's land, oceans, and atmosphere. The MODIS cloud mask product provides significant information on the occurrence and horizontal distribution of clouds. In this research, we develop an algorithm to identify the atmospheric

  12. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lagrangian Evolution of Cirrus Clouds Over the ARM/CART Sites Soden, B.J.(a) and Mace, G.G.(b), NOAA/GFDL (a), University of Utah (b) Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Through their influence on the radiative and moisture budgets of the upper troposphere, cirrus clouds play an important role in regulating Earth's climate. This study seeks to better understand the evolution of cirrus clouds through a novel combination of geostationary satellites (which offer

  13. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Boundary Layer Structure and Fair-Weather Cumulus Characteristics at the TWP ARM Site - Comparisons with Other Tropical and Subtropical Sites Albrecht, B. and Kollias, P., University of Miami Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Fair-weather cumuli are fundamental in regulating the vertical structure of water vapor and entropy in the lowest 2 km of the Earths atmosphere over vast areas of the oceans. Boundary layer structures and cloud characteristics observed

  14. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Inferring Domain-Averaged Cloud Properties from the ARM Observations and Testing the PCLOS Models Ma, Y.(a) and Ellingson, R.G.(b), University of Maryland (a), Florida State University (b) Fourteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Clouds play a key role in regulating the Earth's climate. Real cloud fields are non-uniform in both the morphological and microphysical sense. However, most climate models neglect the 3D structure of real cloud fields and the inhomogeneity

  15. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Evidence of High Ice Supersaturation in Cirrus Clouds Using ARM Raman Lidar Measurements Comstock, J.M., Ackerman, T.P., and Turner, D.D., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Fourteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Water vapor amounts in the upper troposphere are crucial to understanding the radiative feedback of cirrus clouds on the Earth’s climate. We use a unique, year-long dataset of water vapor mixing ratio inferred from ground-based Raman lidar

  16. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Investigation of Atmospheric Water Vapor and Its Radiative Effects at the ARM North Slope of Alaska CART Site Delamere, J.S., Clough, S.A., Mlawer, E.J., and Shephard, M.W., Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Fourteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Water vapor significantly regulates radiative energy flow through the Earth’s atmosphere. Since its inception the ARM program has worked to develop improved parameterizations of water vapor radiative

  17. Science Summary

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    25, 2008 » Links Scientific Highlight Saphire Website Scripps Press Release Tracking Ebola, Scripps At the Forefront » Share this Article Laboratree Ologeez SciLink LabSpaces Revealing a Structural Weakness of the Deadly Ebolavirus summary written by Brad Plummer, SLAC Communication Office Scientists are one step closer to conquering the deadly Ebolavirus, thanks to research conducted at SSRL structural biology Beam Lines 9-2 and 11-1 and ALS Beam Line 5.02 by a team of researchers led by

  18. Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Area: (hold Ctrl to select multiple options) Biological & Life Sciences Medical Applications Chemistry Materials Science Physics Polymers Earth Sciences Environmental...

  19. SC e-journals subject list

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Materials Science Mathematics Medicine Nuclear Physics Renewable Energy Science (GeneralPopular) Astronomy Bioinformatics BiologyGenetics Chemistry Computer Science Earth ...

  20. Henderson County North Middle School wins 2015 DOE West Kentucky...

    Energy Savers

    The DOE National Science Bowl challenges students' knowledge in all areas of science, including biology, chemistry, Earth science, physics, energy, and math. Middle school ...

  1. Beamline 8.3.2

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    8.3.2 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 08:56 Tomography Scientific disciplines: Applied science, biology, earth sciences, energy, environmental sciences, geology, cosmological...

  2. Beamline 8.3.2

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    3.2 Print Tomography Scientific disciplines: Applied science, biology, earth sciences, energy, environmental sciences, geology, cosmological chemistry GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION...

  3. Beamline 8.3.2

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    8.3.2 Print Tomography Scientific disciplines: Applied science, biology, earth sciences, energy, environmental sciences, geology, cosmological chemistry GENERAL BEAMLINE...

  4. THE OCCURRENCE RATE OF EARTH ANALOG PLANETS ORBITING SUN-LIKE STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Catanzarite, Joseph; Shao, Michael

    2011-09-10

    Kepler is a space telescope that searches Sun-like stars for planets. Its major goal is to determine {eta}{sub Earth}, the fraction of Sun-like stars that have planets like Earth. When a planet 'transits' or moves in front of a star, Kepler can measure the concomitant dimming of the starlight. From analysis of the first four months of those measurements for over 150,000 stars, Kepler's Science Team has determined sizes, surface temperatures, orbit sizes, and periods for over a thousand new planet candidates. In this paper, we characterize the period probability distribution function of the super-Earth and Neptune planet candidates with periods up to 132 days, and find three distinct period regimes. For candidates with periods below 3 days, the density increases sharply with increasing period; for periods between 3 and 30 days, the density rises more gradually with increasing period, and for periods longer than 30 days, the density drops gradually with increasing period. We estimate that 1%-3% of stars like the Sun are expected to have Earth analog planets, based on the Kepler data release of 2011 February. This estimate of {eta}{sub Earth} is based on extrapolation from a fiducial subsample of the Kepler planet candidates that we chose to be nominally 'complete' (i.e., no missed detections) to the realm of the Earth-like planets, by means of simple power-law models. The accuracy of the extrapolation will improve as more data from the Kepler mission are folded in. Accurate knowledge of {eta}{sub Earth} is essential for the planning of future missions that will image and take spectra of Earth-like planets. Our result that Earths are relatively scarce means that a substantial effort will be needed to identify suitable target stars prior to these future missions.

  5. Space technology can help sustain Earth

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Space technology can help sustain Earth Space technology can help sustain Earth Satellite imagery and communication are powerful aids in confronting humanitarian and environmental issues June 12, 2016 Mars The 2014 Sabina Wildfire in California, captured by low-cost satellites created by Planet Labs Credit: Image by Planet Labs Inc via Wikimedia Commons under Creative Commons license Space technology can help sustain Earth ... Planet Labs, a San Francisco-based space startup, was born in the

  6. Local Students Celebrate Earth Day at NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Students Celebrate Earth Day at NREL For more information contact: e:mail: Public Affairs Golden, Colo., April 17, 1998 — Media are invited to cover Earth Day celebration designed to inspire a new generation of scientists to discover better ways of using our natural resources. What: The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will host an Earth Day celebration for 60 elementary students. Hands-on activities will include building model solar cars and

  7. LANL | Solid Earth Geophysics | EES-17

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    to monitor underground explosions, maintain our ability to conduct tests, and develop the Yucca Mountain Project. In addition, we study the nonlinear properties of earth materials,...

  8. Improved method for preparing rare earth sesquichalcogenides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Takeshita, T.; Beaudry, B.J.; Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.

    1982-04-14

    An improved method for the preparation of high purity rare earth sesquichalcogenides is described. The rare earth, as one or more pieces of the metal, is sealed under a vacuum with a stoichiometric amount of sulfur or selenium and a small amount of iodine into a quartz reaction vessel. The sealed vessel is then heated to above the vaporization temperature of the chalcogen and below the melting temperature of the rare earth metal and maintained until the product has been formed. The iodine is then vaporized off leaving a pure product. The rare earth sulfides and selenides thus formed are useful as semiconductors and as thermoelectric generators. 3 tables.

  9. Earth-abundant semiconductors for photovoltaic applications ...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth-abundant semiconductors for photovoltaic applications Thin film photovoltaics (solar cells) has the potential to revolutionize our energy landscape by producing clean,...

  10. Earth Power Resources Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Resources Inc is a company based in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Earth Power Resources Inc in Tulsa, OK is a private company categorized under: Electric Companies. Records show it was...

  11. Earth Day Coalition | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Day Coalition Jump to: navigation, search Name: Earth Day Coalition Address: 3606 Bridge Avenue, Suite 4 Place: Cleveland, Ohio Zip: 44113 Coordinates: 41.4829135, -81.7117416...

  12. Fusion On Earth | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Events Research Education Organization Contact Us News Room News Archive Fusion News ... Princeton Journal Watch Blog PPPL Experts Research at Princeton Fusion On Earth ...

  13. Earth Turbines Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Earth Turbines Inc Place: Hinesburg, Vermont Zip: 5461 Sector: Wind energy Product: Start-up company developing small-scale wind technology for the residential and commercial...

  14. Clean Earth Capital LLP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Capital LLP Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clean Earth Capital LLP Place: EDINBURGH, United Kingdom Zip: EH6 4NW Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Edinburgh-based corporate...

  15. MIT- Earth Resources Laboratory | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: MIT- Earth Resources Laboratory Address: 77 Massachusetts Avenue Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts Zip: 02139 Region: Greater Boston Area Website: eaps.mit.eduerl...

  16. EarthTronics Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: EarthTronics Inc. Place: Muskegon, Michigan Zip: 49440 Product: Michigan-based firm that has licensed the Honeywell International brand for its gearless micro-scale...

  17. Earth Share Oregon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Share Oregon Jump to: navigation, search Name: Earth Share Oregon Address: 319 SW Washington Street Place: Portland, Oregon Zip: 97204 Region: Pacific Northwest Area Website:...

  18. Leverage Earth Day to Promote Energy Efficiency

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Learn how to leverage Earth Day and other holidays by visiting the Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center for helpful peer exchange call summaries and case studies:

  19. Biological tracer method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Strong-Gunderson, J.M.; Palumbo, A.V.

    1998-09-15

    The present invention is a biological tracer method for characterizing the movement of a material through a medium, comprising the steps of: introducing a biological tracer comprising a microorganism having ice nucleating activity into a medium; collecting at least one sample of the medium from a point removed from the introduction point; and analyzing the sample for the presence of the biological tracer. The present invention is also a method for using a biological tracer as a label for material identification by introducing a biological tracer having ice nucleating activity into a material, collecting a sample of a portion of the labelled material and analyzing the sample for the presence of the biological tracer. 2 figs.

  20. Biological tracer method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Strong-Gunderson, Janet M. (Ten Mile, TN); Palumbo, Anthony V. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1998-01-01

    The present invention is a biological tracer method for characterizing the movement of a material through a medium, comprising the steps of: introducing a biological tracer comprising a microorganism having ice nucleating activity into a medium; collecting at least one sample of the medium from a point removed from the introduction point; and analyzing the sample for the presence of the biological tracer. The present invention is also a method for using a biological tracer as a label for material identification by introducing a biological tracer having ice nucleating activity into a material, collecting a sample of a portion of the labelled material and analyzing the sample for the presence of the biological tracer.

  1. Biological detector and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sillerud, Laurel; Alam, Todd M.; McDowell, Andrew F.

    2015-11-24

    A biological detector includes a conduit for receiving a fluid containing one or more magnetic nanoparticle-labeled, biological objects to be detected and one or more permanent magnets or electromagnet for establishing a low magnetic field in which the conduit is disposed. A microcoil is disposed proximate the conduit for energization at a frequency that permits detection by NMR spectroscopy of whether the one or more magnetically-labeled biological objects is/are present in the fluid.

  2. Biological detector and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sillerud, Laurel; Alam, Todd M; McDowell, Andrew F

    2013-02-26

    A biological detector includes a conduit for receiving a fluid containing one or more magnetic nanoparticle-labeled, biological objects to be detected and one or more permanent magnets or electromagnet for establishing a low magnetic field in which the conduit is disposed. A microcoil is disposed proximate the conduit for energization at a frequency that permits detection by NMR spectroscopy of whether the one or more magnetically-labeled biological objects is/are present in the fluid.

  3. Biological detector and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sillerud, Laurel; Alam, Todd M; McDowell, Andrew F

    2014-04-15

    A biological detector includes a conduit for receiving a fluid containing one or more magnetic nanoparticle-labeled, biological objects to be detected and one or more permanent magnets or electromagnet for establishing a low magnetic field in which the conduit is disposed. A microcoil is disposed proximate the conduit for energization at a frequency that permits detection by NMR spectroscopy of whether the one or more magnetically-labeled biological objects is/are present in the fluid.

  4. Frozen Telescope Looks to Ends of the Earth for Answers | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Frozen Telescope Looks to Ends of the Earth for Answers Frozen Telescope Looks to Ends of the Earth for Answers May 3, 2012 - 2:20pm Addthis Researchers drilled holes in the ice to a depth of almost 1.5 miles, and lowered 60 basketball-sized detectors called digital optical modules (DOMs) into each of the 86 holes. They then had to pull cables to connect the sensors to IceCube Lab’s servers in order to collect data. | Photo courtesy of the National Science Foundation Researchers

  5. The Intersection of Physics and Biology

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Liphardt, Jan [University of California, Berkeley, California, United States

    2016-07-12

    In April 1953, Watson and Crick largely defined the program of 20th century biology: obtaining the blueprint of life encoded in the DNA. Fifty years later, in 2003, the sequencing of the human genome was completed. Like any major scientific breakthrough, the sequencing of the human genome raised many more questions than it answered. I'll brief you on some of the big open problems in cell and developmental biology, and I'll explain why approaches, tools, and ideas from the physical sciences are currently reshaping biological research. Super-resolution light microscopies are revealing the intricate spatial organization of cells, single-molecule methods show how molecular machines function, and new probes are clarifying the role of mechanical forces in cell and tissue function. At the same time, Physics stands to gain beautiful new problems in soft condensed matter, quantum mechanics, and non-equilibrium thermodynamics.

  6. Science.gov Debuts Image Search | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scientific and Technical Information Science.gov USA.gov for SCIENCE Media Contact For immediate release Cathey Daniels December 17, 2010 865-576-9539 danielsc@osti.gov Science.gov Debuts Image Search Site now faster, easier to navigate Oak Ridge, TN - Science.gov now quickly finds science images, including animal and plant, weather and space, and earth and sun images and more. The information is free and no registration is required. Go to www.science.gov and select the Image Search link

  7. Structural Molecular Biology, SSRL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Our Mission Our Mission The SSRL Structural Molecular Biology program operates as a integrated resource and has three primary areas (or cores) of technological research and ...

  8. Genomics and Systems Biology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    This approach promises to enhance all aspects of biological research such as: * Increasing the specificity of pathogen detection * Designing more effective drugs through ...

  9. NJ Regional Middle School Science Bowl | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    2, 2013, 8:00am Science Education Lab-wide Event NJ Regional Middle School Science Bowl Teams of students are invited to participate in the Department of Energy's National Science Bowl Competition. Each year PPPL hosts the New Jersey Regional Science Bowl which decides which teams from the local area can continue onto the national competition in Washington, D.C. The Science Bowl is a double elimination contest with oral question and answer rounds in the fields of chemistry, biology, physics,

  10. Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds (LASIC) Science Plan

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Program Document) | SciTech Connect Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds (LASIC) Science Plan Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds (LASIC) Science Plan Southern Africa is the world's largest emitter of biomass-burning (BB) aerosols. Their westward transport over the remote southeast Atlantic Ocean colocates some of the largest atmospheric loadings of absorbing aerosol with the least examined of the Earth's major subtropical

  11. Google Earth locations of USA and seafloor hydrothermal vents with associated rare earth element data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Andrew Fowler

    2016-02-10

    Google Earth .kmz files that contain the locations of geothermal wells and thermal springs in the USA, and seafloor hydrothermal vents that have associated rare earth element data. The file does not contain the actual data, the actual data is available through the GDR website in two tier 3 data sets entitled "Compilation of Rare Earth Element Analyses from US Geothermal Fields and Mid Ocean Ridge (MOR) Hydrothermal Vents" and "Rare earth element content of thermal fluids from Surprise Valley, California"

  12. E-print Network provides access to science, scientists | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information E-print Network provides access to science, scientists Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2006 You can search more than 900,000 scientific documents at OSTI's E-print Network. This vast, integrated network of scientific and technical information contains e-prints in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also including subject areas such as chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and

  13. Faces of Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Faces of Science Meet the scientists behind the science at Los Alamos. Many of them felt a calling to science at an early age...now they work at a world-class research facility where childhood dreams may become reality. Faces of Science 70 Years of Innovations 50 Years of Space LANL Top Science 2014 Top Ten Innovations of 2013 Energy Sustainability Radical Supercomputing Science Digests FACES OF SCIENCE The people behind our science x x MATHEMATICS Polish scientist Stanislaw Ulam found

  14. A toolkit for building earth system models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foster, I.

    1993-03-01

    An earth system model is a computer code designed to simulate the interrelated processes that determine the earth's weather and climate, such as atmospheric circulation, atmospheric physics, atmospheric chemistry, oceanic circulation, and biosphere. I propose a toolkit that would support a modular, or object-oriented, approach to the implementation of such models.

  15. Ames Lab 101: Rare-Earth Recycling

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ryan Ott

    2013-06-05

    Recycling keeps paper, plastics, and even jeans out of landfills. Could recycling rare-earth magnets do the same? Perhaps, if the recycling process can be improved. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are working to more effectively remove the neodymium, a rare earth, from the mix of other materials in a magnet.

  16. Ternary rare earth-lanthanide sulfides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Takeshita, Takuo; Gschneidner JR., Karl A.; Beaudry, Bernard J.

    1987-01-06

    A new ternary rare earth sulfur compound having the formula: where M is a rare earth element selected from the group europium, samarium and ytterbium and x=0.15 to 0.8. The compound has good high-temperature thermoelectric properties and exhibits long-term structural stability up to 1000.degree. C.

  17. Integrated Biological Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOHNSON, A.R.

    2002-09-01

    Biological control is any activity taken to prevent, limit, clean up, or remediate potential environmental, health and safety, or workplace quality impacts from plants, animals, or microorganisms. At Hanford the principal emphasis of biological control is to prevent the transport of radioactive contamination by biological vectors (plants, animals, or microorganisms), and where necessary, control and clean up resulting contamination. Other aspects of biological control at Hanford include industrial weed control (e.g.; tumbleweeds), noxious weed control (invasive, non-native plant species), and pest control (undesirable animals such as rodents and stinging insects; and microorganisms such as molds that adversely affect the quality of the workplace environment). Biological control activities may be either preventive (apriori) or in response to existing contamination spread (aposteriori). Surveillance activities, including ground, vegetation, flying insect, and other surveys, and apriori control actions, such as herbicide spraying and placing biological barriers, are important in preventing radioactive contamination spread. If surveillance discovers that biological vectors have spread radioactive contamination, aposteriori control measures, such as fixing contamination, followed by cleanup and removal of the contamination to an approved disposal location are typical response functions. In some cases remediation following the contamination cleanup and removal is necessary. Biological control activities for industrial weeds, noxious weeds and pests have similar modes of prevention and response.

  18. Integrated Biological Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOHNSON, A.R.

    2003-10-09

    Biological control is any activity taken to prevent, limit, clean up, or remediate potential environmental, health and safety, or workplace quality impacts from plants, animals, or microorganisms. At Hanford the principal emphasis of biological control is to prevent the transport of radioactive contamination by biological vectors (plants, animals, or microorganisms), and where necessary, control and clean up resulting contamination. Other aspects of biological control at Hanford include industrial weed control (e.g.; tumbleweeds), noxious weed control (invasive, non-native plant species), and pest control (undesirable animals such as rodents and stinging insects, and microorganisms such as molds that adversely affect the quality of the workplace environment). Biological control activities may be either preventive (a priori) or in response to existing contamination spread (a posteriori). Surveillance activities, including ground, vegetation, flying insect, and other surveys, and a priori control actions, such as herbicide spraying and placing biological barriers, are important in preventing radioactive contamination spread. If surveillance discovers that biological vectors have spread radioactive contamination, a posteriori control measures, such as fixing contamination, followed by cleanup and removal of the contamination to an approved disposal location are typical response functions. In some cases remediation following the contamination cleanup and removal is necessary. Biological control activities for industrial weeds, noxious weeds and pests have similar modes of prevention and response.

  19. Biological sample collector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Murphy, Gloria A.

    2010-09-07

    A biological sample collector is adapted to a collect several biological samples in a plurality of filter wells. A biological sample collector may comprise a manifold plate for mounting a filter plate thereon, the filter plate having a plurality of filter wells therein; a hollow slider for engaging and positioning a tube that slides therethrough; and a slide case within which the hollow slider travels to allow the tube to be aligned with a selected filter well of the plurality of filter wells, wherein when the tube is aligned with the selected filter well, the tube is pushed through the hollow slider and into the selected filter well to sealingly engage the selected filter well and to allow the tube to deposit a biological sample onto a filter in the bottom of the selected filter well. The biological sample collector may be portable.

  20. Programs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Programs Programs Programs Home Advanced Scientific Computing Research Basic Energy Sciences Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Project Assessment Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 GE Dual Iso Mixed End Simulation of a