National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for bio mass geo

  1. MassBioFuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    MassBioFuel Jump to: navigation, search Name: MassBioFuel Address: 271 Milton Street Place: Dedham, Massachusetts Zip: 02026 Region: Greater Boston Area Sector: Biofuels Product:...

  2. High-Speed Biomass Recalcitrance Pipeline Speeds Up Bio-Mass Analysis -

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Innovation Portal High-Speed Biomass Recalcitrance Pipeline Speeds Up Bio-Mass Analysis Robotic pipeline allows for rapid analysis of optimal substrate/enzyme combination for efficient bio-fuel production. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Ames Laboratory Contact NREL About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryPipeline analysis speeds up the process for the selection of plant species with the lowest natural recalcitrance (resistance to sugar conversion) as well as the

  3. Airborne Single Particle Mass Spectrometers (SPLAT II & miniSPLAT) and New Software for Data Visualization and Analysis in a Geo-Spatial Context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zelenyuk, Alla; Imre, D.; Wilson, Jacqueline M.; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Wang, Jun; Mueller, Klaus

    2015-02-01

    Understanding the effect of aerosols on climate requires knowledge of the size and chemical composition of individual aerosol particles - two fundamental properties that determine an aerosol’s optical properties and ability to serve as cloud condensation or ice nuclei. Here we present miniSPLAT, our new aircraft compatible single particle mass spectrometer, that measures in-situ and in real-time size and chemical composition of individual aerosol particles with extremely high sensitivity, temporal resolution, and sizing precision on the order of a monolayer. miniSPLAT operates in dual data acquisition mode to measure, in addition to single particle size and composition, particle number concentrations, size distributions, density, and asphericity with high temporal resolution. When compared to our previous instrument, SPLAT II, miniSPLAT has been significantly reduced in size, weight, and power consumption without loss in performance. We also present ND-Scope, our newly developed interactive visual analytics software package. ND-Scope is designed to explore and visualize the vast amount of complex, multidimensional data acquired by our single particle mass spectrometers, along with other aerosol and cloud characterization instruments on-board aircraft. We demonstrate that ND-Scope makes it possible to visualize the relationships between different observables and to view the data in a geo-spatial context, using the interactive and fully coupled Google Earth and Parallel Coordinates displays. Here we illustrate the utility of ND-Scope to visualize the spatial distribution of atmospheric particles of different compositions, and explore the relationship between individual particle composition and their activity as cloud condensation nuclei.

  4. High resolution FT-ICR mass spectral analysis of bio-oil and residual water soluble organics produced by hydrothermal liquefaction of the marine microalga Nannochloropsis salina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sudasinghe, Nilusha; Dungan, Barry; Lammers, Peter; Albrecht, Karl O.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Hallen, Richard T.; Schaub, Tanner

    2014-03-01

    We report a detailed compositional characterization of a bio-crude oil and aqueous by-product from hydrothermal liquefaction of Nannochloropsis salina by direct infusion Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) in both positive- and negative-ionization modes. The FT-ICR MS instrumentation approach facilitates direct assignment of elemental composition to >7000 resolved mass spectral peaks and three-dimensional mass spectral images for individual heteroatom classes highlight compositional diversity of the two samples and provide a baseline description of these materials. Aromatic nitrogen compounds and free fatty acids are predominant species observed in both the bio-oil and aqueous fraction. Residual organic compounds present in the aqueous fraction show distributions that are slightly lower in both molecular ring and/or double bond value and carbon number relative to those found in the bio-oil, albeit with a high degree of commonality between the two compositions.

  5. Geo-neutrino Observation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dye, S. T.; Alderman, M.; Batygov, M.; Learned, J. G.; Matsuno, S.; Mahoney, J. M.; Pakvasa, S.; Rosen, M.; Smith, S.; Varner, G.; McDonough, W. F.

    2009-12-17

    Observations of geo-neutrinos measure radiogenic heat production within the earth, providing information on the thermal history and dynamic processes of the mantle. Two detectors currently observe geo-neutrinos from underground locations. Other detection projects in various stages of development include a deep ocean observatory. This paper presents the current status of geo-neutrino observation and describes the scientific capabilities of the deep ocean observatory, with emphasis on geology and neutrino physics.

  6. Quantification of Semi-Volatile Oxygenated Components of Pyrolysis Bio-Oil by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS): Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Quantification of Semi-Volatile Oxygenated Components of Pyrolysis Bio-Oil by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) Issue Date: March 2, 2016 Earl Christensen and Jack Ferrell National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mariefel V. Olarte and Asanga B. Padmaperuma Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-5100-65889 March 2016 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable

  7. Direct analysis of samples by mass spectrometry: From elements to bio-molecules using laser ablation inductively couple plasma mass spectrometry and laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perdian, David C.

    2009-08-19

    Mass spectrometric methods that are able to analyze solid samples or biological materials with little or no sample preparation are invaluable to science as well as society. Fundamental research that has discovered experimental and instrumental parameters that inhibit fractionation effects that occur during the quantification of elemental species in solid samples by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is described. Research that determines the effectiveness of novel laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric methods for the molecular analysis of biological tissues at atmospheric pressure and at high spatial resolution is also described. A spatial resolution is achieved that is able to analyze samples at the single cell level.

  8. GEOS. User Tutorials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Pengchen; Settgast, Randolph R.; Johnson, Scott M.; Walsh, Stuart D.C.; Morris, Joseph P.; Ryerson, Frederick J.

    2014-12-17

    GEOS is a massively parallel, multi-physics simulation application utilizing high performance computing (HPC) to address subsurface reservoir stimulation activities with the goal of optimizing current operations and evaluating innovative stimulation methods. GEOS enables coupling of di erent solvers associated with the various physical processes occurring during reservoir stimulation in unique and sophisticated ways, adapted to various geologic settings, materials and stimulation methods. Developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) as a part of a Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Strategic Initiative (SI) project, GEOS represents the culmination of a multi-year ongoing code development and improvement e ort that has leveraged existing code capabilities and sta expertise to design new computational geosciences software.

  9. GEOS-CORE

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2014-06-24

    GEOS-CORE is a code that integrates open source Libraries for linear algebra and I/O with two main LLNL-written components: (i) a set of standard finite, discrete, and discontinuous displacement element physics solvers for resolving Darcy fluid flow, explicit mechanics, implicit mechanics, and fluid-mediated fracturing, including resolution of physical behaviors both implicitly and explicitly, and (ii) a MPI-based parallelization implementation for use on generic HPC distributed memory architectures. The resultant code can be used alone formore » linearly elastic and quasistatic damage problems; problems involving hydraulic fracturing, where the mesh topology is dynamically changed; and general granular materials behavior. The key application domain is for low-rate stimulation and fracture control in subsurface reservoirs (e.g., enhanced geothermal sites and unconventional shale gas stimulation). GEOS-CORE also has interfaces to call external libraries for, e.g., material models and equations fo state; however, LLNL-developed EOS and material models, beyond the aforementioned linear elastic and quasi-static damage models, will not be part of the current release. GEOS-CORE's secondary applications include granular materials behavior under different load paths.« less

  10. GEOS-CORE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-06-24

    GEOS-CORE is a code that integrates open source Libraries for linear algebra and I/O with two main LLNL-written components: (i) a set of standard finite, discrete, and discontinuous displacement element physics solvers for resolving Darcy fluid flow, explicit mechanics, implicit mechanics, and fluid-mediated fracturing, including resolution of physical behaviors both implicitly and explicitly, and (ii) a MPI-based parallelization implementation for use on generic HPC distributed memory architectures. The resultant code can be used alone for linearly elastic and quasistatic damage problems; problems involving hydraulic fracturing, where the mesh topology is dynamically changed; and general granular materials behavior. The key application domain is for low-rate stimulation and fracture control in subsurface reservoirs (e.g., enhanced geothermal sites and unconventional shale gas stimulation). GEOS-CORE also has interfaces to call external libraries for, e.g., material models and equations fo state; however, LLNL-developed EOS and material models, beyond the aforementioned linear elastic and quasi-static damage models, will not be part of the current release. GEOS-CORE's secondary applications include granular materials behavior under different load paths.

  11. Scientific Bio

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientific Bio Director Deputy Director Leadership Team Advisory Board Directorate Staff Org Chart Navigate Section Director Deputy Director Leadership Team Advisory Board...

  12. GEO UNIT AGREEMENT | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    GEO UNIT AGREEMENT Jump to: navigation, search GEO UNIT AGREEMENT Mineral interest joined together to explore, develop and produce geothermal resources Retrieved from "http:...

  13. Geo processors USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    processors USA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Geo-processors USA Place: California Zip: 91204 Sector: Carbon Product: California based Geo-procesors USA has developed an...

  14. Geo Energy Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Geo Energy Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Geo Energy Technology Place: Gangwon-Do, Korea (Republic) Zip: 210-792 Sector: Solar Product: Manufacturs biodiesel plants...

  15. Universal GeoPower | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    GeoPower Jump to: navigation, search Name: Universal GeoPower Place: Houston, Texas Zip: 77007 Sector: Geothermal energy Product: A Texas-based geothermal development company....

  16. GeoVision Process Chart | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Process Chart GeoVision Process Chart GeoVision Process Chart

  17. GeoPowering the West

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-02-01

    Summary brochure of GeoPowering the West (GPW) activities, and areas of technology transfer and market transformation. It also provides current contact information for key DOE and national laboratory staff representing the GPW program.

  18. Nationwide Bio-Fuel Resource Mapping PRISM - EM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Nationwide Bio-Fuel Resource Mapping PRISM - EM  March 2015  Technology Area Review  Chris Daly and Michael Halbleib  Oregon State University 2 Estimating the Potential Distribution and Yield of Biomass Crops Resource Assessment Objective: Gain an understanding of the spatial distribution of current and potential biofuel/bio-energy feedstock resources across the country Envisioned outcome: A series of national geo- referenced grids (maps) that describe potential productivity patterns

  19. Randomized Linear Algebra for BioImaging

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Randomized Linear Algebra for BioImaging Randomized Linear Algebra for BioImaging Mass-Spectrometry Imaging Mass spectrometry measures ions derived from the molecules present in a biological sample. Spectra of the ions are acquired at each location (pixel) of a sample, allowing for the collection of spatially resolved mass spectra. This mode of analysis is known as mass spectrometry imaging (MSI). The addition of ion-mobility separation (IMS) to MSI adds another dimension, drift time. The

  20. Direct Conversion of Bio-ethanol to Isobutene on Nanosized ZnxZryOz...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Bio-mass conversion has attracted increasing research interests to produce bio-fuels with bio-ethanol being a major product. Development of advanced processes to further upgrade ...

  1. BioFuels and BioEnergy - SRSCRO

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BioFuels and BioEnergy BioFuels and BioEnergy BioFuels and BioEnergy Bioenergy is renewable energy derived from biological sources, to be used for heat, electricity, or vehicle ...

  2. Energias Renovables del Bio Bio ERBB | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Renovables del Bio Bio ERBB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energias Renovables del Bio Bio (ERBB) Place: Chile Sector: Biofuels, Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product: Chilean-based...

  3. Geo-energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Geo-energy Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Geo-energy Author Benjamin Matek Published Geothermal Energy Association, Date Not Provided...

  4. GeoSiphon - Energy Innovation Portal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    The GeoSiphonTM offers significant advantages over pump and treat systems, funnel and gate systems, and continuous permeable wall treatment systems. The GeoSiphonTM Cell is a ...

  5. Geo Hydro Supply | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hydro Supply Jump to: navigation, search Name: Geo Hydro Supply Address: 997 State Route 93 NW Place: Sugarcreek, Ohio Zip: 44681 Sector: Geothermal energy Phone Number:...

  6. RAPID/Roadmap/Geo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Geo < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap GRR-logo.png Map of GRR states.jpg Since April 2012, the...

  7. GeoWells International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: GeoWells International Place: Nairobi, Kenya Sector: Geothermal energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Kenya-based geothermal driller. The company also supplies and installs...

  8. User:Woodjr/Sandbox/GeoMap | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    GeoMap < User:Woodjr | Sandbox Jump to: navigation, search Demonstration of an experimental "GeoMap" result format for ask queries. Based on Google's GeoMap Visualization API....

  9. Geo-Engineering through Internet Informatics (GEMINI)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doveton, John H.; Watney, W. Lynn

    2003-03-06

    The program, for development and methodologies, was a 3-year interdisciplinary effort to develop an interactive, integrated Internet Website named GEMINI (Geo-Engineering Modeling through Internet Informatics) that would build real-time geo-engineering reservoir models for the Internet using the latest technology in Web applications.

  10. Electric Storage Partners / GeoBATTERY | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Partners GeoBATTERY Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleElectricStoragePartnersGeoBATTERY&oldid768254" Categories: Organizations Energy Distribution...

  11. Stillwater Hybrid Geo-Solar Power Plant Optimization Analyses...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Stillwater Hybrid Geo-Solar Power Plant Optimization Analyses Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Stillwater Hybrid Geo-Solar Power Plant Optimization Analyses The ...

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/Geo/Sections | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon RAPIDRoadmapGeoSections < RAPID | Roadmap | Geo Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png...

  13. China Institute of Geo Environment Monitoring | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Institute of Geo Environment Monitoring Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Institute of Geo-Environment Monitoring Place: China Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Chinese...

  14. World Bio Markets

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Held in Amsterdam, Netherlands, the 10th anniversary World Bio Markets convened from March 1– 4, 2015.

  15. Geo mbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    mbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Geo mbH Place: Enge-Sande, Germany Zip: 25917 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind farm developer and on-grid generator Coordinates: 54.727247,...

  16. D S Geo Innogy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Innogy Jump to: navigation, search Name: D&S Geo Innogy Place: Germany Sector: Geothermal energy Product: JV company set up to develop existing RWE deep geothermal drilling areas....

  17. GEOS Code Development Road Map - May, 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Scott; Settgast, Randolph; Fu, Pengcheng; Antoun, Tarabay; Ryerson, F. J.

    2013-05-03

    GEOS is a massively parallel computational framework designed to enable HPC-based simulations of subsurface reservoir stimulation activities with the goal of optimizing current operations and evaluating innovative stimulation methods. GEOS will enable coupling of different solvers associated with the various physical processes occurring during reservoir stimulation in unique and sophisticated ways, adapted to various geologic settings, materials and stimulation methods. The overall architecture of the framework includes consistent data structures and will allow incorporation of additional physical and materials models as demanded by future applications. Along with predicting the initiation, propagation and reactivation of fractures, GEOS will also generate a seismic source term that can be linked with seismic wave propagation codes to generate synthetic microseismicity at surface and downhole arrays. Similarly, the output from GEOS can be linked with existing fluid/thermal transport codes. GEOS can also be linked with existing, non-intrusive uncertainty quantification schemes to constrain uncertainty in its predictions and sensitivity to the various parameters describing the reservoir and stimulation operations. We anticipate that an implicit-explicit 3D version of GEOS, including a preliminary seismic source model, will be available for parametric testing and validation against experimental and field data by Oct. 1, 2013.

  18. BioStudio

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2013-06-05

    BioStudio is a library of algorithms for the design of large synthetic DNA, with an emphasis on the chromosome scale.

  19. Implementing marine organic aerosols into the GEOS-Chem model

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Gantt, B.; Johnson, M. S.; Crippa, M.; Prévôt, A. S. H.; Meskhidze, N.

    2014-09-09

    Marine organic aerosols (MOA) have been shown to play an important role in tropospheric chemistry by impacting surface mass, cloud condensation nuclei, and ice nuclei concentrations over remote marine and coastal regions. In this work, an online marine primary organic aerosol emission parameterization, designed to be used for both global and regional models, was implemented into the GEOS-Chem model. The implemented emission scheme improved the large underprediction of organic aerosol concentrations in clean marine regions (normalized mean bias decreases from -79% when using the default settings to -12% when marine organic aerosols are added). Model predictions were also in goodmore » agreement (correlation coefficient of 0.62 and normalized mean bias of -36%) with hourly surface concentrations of MOA observed during the summertime at an inland site near Paris, France. Our study shows that MOA have weaker coastal-to-inland concentration gradients than sea-salt aerosols, leading to several inland European cities having > 10% of their surface submicron organic aerosol mass concentration with a marine source. The addition of MOA tracers to GEOS-Chem enabled us to identify the regions with large contributions of freshly-emitted or aged aerosol having distinct physicochemical properties, potentially indicating optimal locations for future field studies.« less

  20. Implementing marine organic aerosols into the GEOS-Chem model

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Gantt, B.; Johnson, M. S.; Crippa, M.; Prévôt, A. S. H.; Meskhidze, N.

    2015-03-17

    Marine-sourced organic aerosols (MOAs) have been shown to play an important role in tropospheric chemistry by impacting surface mass, cloud condensation nuclei, and ice nuclei concentrations over remote marine and coastal regions. In this work, an online marine primary organic aerosol emission parameterization, designed to be used for both global and regional models, was implemented into the GEOS-Chem (Global Earth Observing System Chemistry) model. The implemented emission scheme improved the large underprediction of organic aerosol concentrations in clean marine regions (normalized mean bias decreases from -79% when using the default settings to -12% when marine organic aerosols are added). Modelmore » predictions were also in good agreement (correlation coefficient of 0.62 and normalized mean bias of -36%) with hourly surface concentrations of MOAs observed during the summertime at an inland site near Paris, France. Our study shows that MOAs have weaker coastal-to-inland concentration gradients than sea-salt aerosols, leading to several inland European cities having >10% of their surface submicron organic aerosol mass concentration with a marine source. The addition of MOA tracers to GEOS-Chem enabled us to identify the regions with large contributions of freshly emitted or aged aerosol having distinct physicochemical properties, potentially indicating optimal locations for future field studies.« less

  1. Bio Oleo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Oleo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Oleo Place: Brazil Product: Biodiesel producer References: Bio Oleo1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Bio...

  2. INEOS Bio | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    INEOS Bio Jump to: navigation, search Name: INEOS Bio Place: Lisle, Illinois Zip: 60562 Sector: Biofuels Product: Subsidiary of UK-based Ineos Group that develops next generation...

  3. Tecmed Bio | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Tecmed Bio Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tecmed Bio Place: Capivari de Baixo, Santa Catarina, Brazil Zip: CEP 88745-000 Product: Santa Catarina - based biofuel producer....

  4. FirstGeoTherm GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: FirstGeoTherm GmbH Place: Waldsee, Germany Zip: 67165 Sector: Geothermal energy Product: FirstGeoTherm plans and engineers...

  5. OLADE-Geo-Information System Referenced Renewable Energy | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Website Website: www.hidroinformatica.orgsigerhomeesindex.html Cost: Free Language: Spanish; Castilian OLADE-Geo-Information System Referenced Renewable Energy...

  6. canon-bio.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Alex Copeland, and others for starting to port applications * ABySS * Bowtie * BWA * bio-perl 17 Final Notes * MySGE and Taskfarmer are home- grown and still under development...

  7. new Global Bio Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos and Agilent Technologies develop first high-throughput system to be deployed at UCLA's new Global Bio Lab LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 9, 2009-In a joint effort by ...

  8. Life-Cycle Assessment of Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Production*

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, Philip; Puettmann, Maureen E.; Penmetsa, Venkata Kanthi; Cooper, Jerome E.

    2012-07-01

    As part ofthe Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials' Phase I life-cycle assessments ofbiofuels, lifecycle inventory burdens from the production of bio-oil were developed and compared with measures for residual fuel oil. Bio-oil feedstock was produced using whole southern pine (Pinus taeda) trees, chipped, and converted into bio-oil by fast pyrolysis. Input parameters and mass and energy balances were derived with Aspen. Mass and energy balances were input to SimaPro to determine the environmental performance of bio-oil compared with residual fuel oil as a heating fuel. Equivalent functional units of 1 MJ were used for demonstrating environmental preference in impact categories, such as fossil fuel use and global warming potential. Results showed near carbon neutrality of the bio-oil. Substituting bio-oil for residual fuel oil, based on the relative carbon emissions of the two fuels, estimated a reduction in CO2 emissions by 0.075 kg CO2 per MJ of fuel combustion or a 70 percent reduction in emission over residual fuel oil. The bio-oil production life-cycle stage consumed 92 percent of the total cradle-to-grave energy requirements, while feedstock collection, preparation, and transportation consumed 4 percent each. This model provides a framework to better understand the major factors affecting greenhouse gas emissions related to bio-oil production and conversion to boiler fuel during fast pyrolysis.

  9. Scientist Ambassadors Bios

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientist Ambassadors Bios Scientist Ambassadors Bios Scientist Ambassadors are trained to be really great at science conversations with learners of all ages. The Bradbury is building a corps of Scientist Ambassadors who are trained to be really great at science conversations with learners of all ages, about topics that they are passionate about. Amanda Barry - Biofuels Amanda Barry Interested in science from a young age, Amanda studies the biology and biochemistry of algae to characterize and

  10. Bio Pure Maryland LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Pure Maryland LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Pure Maryland LLC Place: Potomac, Maryland Product: Biodiesel plant developer in Maryland. References: Bio-Pure Maryland...

  11. Point Bio Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Point Bio Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Point Bio Energy LLC Place: La Pointe, Wisconsin Product: Wisconsin-based wood fuel pellet producer. References: Point Bio...

  12. Ternion Bio Industries | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ternion Bio Industries Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ternion Bio Industries Name: Ternion Bio Industries Address: 1060 Minnesota Ave., Suite 6 Place: San Jose, California Zip:...

  13. Bio-oil Quality Improvement and Catalytic Hydrotreating of Bio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2.3.1.302 Bio-oil Quality Improvement and Catalytic Hydrotreating of Bio-oils - PNNL ... lifetime Define quality metric for oil feed and intermediate streams Understand ...

  14. BioEnergy 2016: Mobilizing the Bio Economy through Innovation 2D -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Integrated Bio Refineries - Building Blocks to Success | Department of Energy BioEnergy 2016: Mobilizing the Bio Economy through Innovation 2D - Integrated Bio Refineries - Building Blocks to Success BioEnergy 2016: Mobilizing the Bio Economy through Innovation 2D - Integrated Bio Refineries - Building Blocks to Success Breakout Session 2D: Integrated Biorefineries - Building Blocks to Success BioEnergy 2016: Mobilizing the Bio Economy through Innovation 2D - Integrated Bio Refineries -

  15. Flying F Bio Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    F Bio Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Flying F Bio-Fuels Place: Iowa Product: Flying F Bio-Fuels conducts technological research in bio-fuels. References: Flying F...

  16. Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming R. Evans, S. Czernik, R. French, M. Ratcliff National ... GAS 7 BIOMASS BIO-OIL CHAR For reactor or export Gas recycle For fluidization or export ...

  17. GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGEOLSENONCOMPPRE2005&oldid659859" Feedback Contact needs updating Image...

  18. GeoSyndicate Power Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Power Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: GeoSyndicate Power Pvt Ltd Place: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Zip: 400076 Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Plans to explore...

  19. GEO NET Umweltconsulting GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: GEO-NET Umweltconsulting GmbH Place: Hannover, Germany Zip: 30161 Sector: Wind energy Product: Undertakes environmental planning and consulting in wind and other...

  20. OpenEI:OldGeoGateway | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Exploration Techniques Reference Materials GeoModels.png Geothermal Models & Tools GETEM SAM Geothermal Prospector Exploration Cost and Time Metric Georesource.png Resource...

  1. ECr Technologies Inc formerly GeoSolar Energy Corporation | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Geothermal energy Product: Manufactures and markets the GeoExchange geothermal heat pump systems. Coordinates: 35.264796, -89.724114 Show Map Loading map......

  2. D S Geo Innogy Fraport JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Germany-based JV that will supply part of the airport with geothermal energy for its heat requirements. References: D&S Geo Innogy &...

  3. Geo energy research and development: technology transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Traeger, R.K.

    1982-03-01

    Sandia Geo Energy Programs related to geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel resources have provided a useful mechanism for transferring laboratory technologies to private industry. Significant transfer of hardware, computer programs, diagnostics and instrumentation, advanced materials, and in situ process understanding has occurred through US/DOE supported programs in the past five years. The text briefly reviews the technology transfer procedures and summarizes 32 items that have been transferred and another 20 technologies that are now being considered for possible transfer to industry. A major factor in successful transfer has been personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staff from private industry during all aspects of the technology development.

  4. Carbon Cycle 2.0: Don DePaolo: Geo and Bio Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don DePaolo:

    2010-02-16

    Feb. 4, 2010: Humanity emits more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future.

  5. Carbon Cycle 2.0: Don DePaolo: Geo and Bio Sequestration

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Don DePaolo:

    2016-07-12

    Feb. 4, 2010: Humanity emits more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future.

  6. World Bio Markets

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The World Bio Markets meeting will held from March 14-17, 2016 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The meeting will gather experts in the bioenergy industry from all over the world. Bioenergy Technologies Office Demonstration and Market Transformation Program Manager Jim Spaeth will be giving a presentation entitled, “Policy updates and outlooks from key biofuel markets,” and will discuss technical, policy and investment developments, and success stories.

  7. BioReactor

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2003-04-18

    BioReactor is a simulation tool kit for modeling networks of coupled chemical processes (or similar productions rules). The tool kit is implemented in C++ and has the following functionality: 1. Monte Carlo discrete event simulator 2. Solvers for ordinary differential equations 3. Genetic algorithm optimization routines for reverse engineering of models using either Monte Carlo or ODE representation )i.e., 1 or 2)

  8. INEOS New Planet BioEnergy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    INEOS New Planet BioEnergy Indian River BioEnergy Center 2015 DOE IBR Platform Peer Review March 24, 2015 Kelly Russell Regulatory and External Affairs This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information INEOS Bio/INPB Indian River BioEnergy Center (July 2013) 2 INEOS New Planet BioEnergy Commercial Demonstration Facility (May 2013) fermentation gasification power generation distillation 3 INEOS Bio/INPB Indian River BioEnergy Center (May 2013) 4

  9. GeoTess v. 2.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2012-09-15

    GeoTess facilitates access to a multi-level triangular tessellation of a unit sphere, including find the index of the triangle in which an arbitrary position on the sphere resides and computing the interpolation coefficients that should be applied to data stored on the nodes of the tessellation that defines the triangle. It is very common for Earth scientists to store values of various Earth properties on a grid that spans the globe. For convenience, they almostmore » always choose a grid which is evenly spaced in both latitude and longitude over the surface of the globe. While these grids are evenly spaced in latitude-longitude coordinates, they are in reality very unevenly spaced when cell size is evaluated in square km since lines of longitude converge at the poles. Tessellations consisting of a set of approximately equal area triangles that span the globe are much more efficient way to impose a grid onto the surface of a sphere. The GeoTess software facilitates interacting with a triangular tessellation of a sphere and could significantly increase the efficiency of Earth science software codes. The code can construct variable resolution triangular tessellations. It can also load a previously constructed tessellation from an input file and implements a "walking triangle" search algorithm to find the index of the triangle on the tessellation that contains a user specified point of interest. It also computes the interpolation coefficients that should be applied to data stored on the nodes of the containing triangle« less

  10. Bio Algene | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Algene Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Algene Address: 100 NE Northlake Way Place: Seattle, Washington Zip: 98105 Region: Pacific Northwest Area Sector: Biofuels Product:...

  11. Integrative Biosurveillance at Bio Symposium

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    scientist discusses Integrative Biosurveillance at Bio Symposium May 30, 2014 Los Alamos National Laboratory research used in National Biosurveillance Strategy LOS ALAMOS, N.M.,...

  12. bio | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    bio Home Renewable Energy RFPs Description: Find renewable energy financial opportunities. We post solicitations for renewable energy generation, renewable energy certificates, and...

  13. BioFuels Atlas Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Kristi Moriarity's presentation on NREL's BioFuels Atlas from the May 12, 2011, Clean Cities and Biomass Program State webinar.

  14. EcoBio Carbon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    EcoBio Carbon Jump to: navigation, search Name: EcoBio Carbon Place: Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina, Brazil Zip: 88750-000 Product: Brazilian CDM project developer. References: EcoBio...

  15. Alcotra Bio Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Alcotra Bio Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alcotra Bio Energy Place: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Zip: 22290-906 Product: Alcotra Bio Energy is a new subsidiary of Alcotra,...

  16. Southern Iowa Bio Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Southern Iowa Bio-Energy Place: Leon, Iowa Zip: 50144 Product: Biodiesel producer based in Iowa References: Southern Iowa Bio-Energy1...

  17. Catalytic Hydroprocessing of Chemical Models for Bio-oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Hart, Todd R.

    2008-12-12

    Bio-oil (product liquids from fast pyrolysis of biomass) is a complex mixture of oxygenates derived from the thermal breakdown of the bio-polymers in biomass. In the case of lignocellulosic biomass, the structures of three major components, cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, are well represented by the bio-oil components. In order to study the chemical mechanisms of catalytic hydroprocessing of bio-oil, three model compounds were chosen to represent those components. Guaiacol represents the large number of mono- and di-methoxy phenols found in bio-oil derived from softwood or hardwood, respectively. Furfural represents a major pyrolysis product group from cellulosics. Acetic acid is a major product from biomass pyrolysis, derived from the hemicellulose, which has important impacts on the further processing of the bio-oil because of the acidic character. These three compounds were processed using palladium or ruthenium catalyst over a temperature range from 150°C to 300°C. The batch reactor was sampled during each test over a period of four hours. The samples were analyzed by gas chromatography with both a mass selective detector and a flame ionization detector. The products were determined and the reaction pathways for their formation are suggested based on these results. Both temperature and catalyst metal have significant effects on the product composition.

  18. Bio-threat microparticle simulants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farquar, George Roy; Leif, Roald N

    2012-10-23

    A bio-threat simulant that includes a carrier and DNA encapsulated in the carrier. Also a method of making a simulant including the steps of providing a carrier and encapsulating DNA in the carrier to produce the bio-threat simulant.

  19. Bio-threat microparticle simulants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farquar, George Roy; Leif, Roald

    2014-09-16

    A bio-threat simulant that includes a carrier and DNA encapsulated in the carrier. Also a method of making a simulant including the steps of providing a carrier and encapsulating DNA in the carrier to produce the bio-threat simulant.

  20. Patricia Hagerty, Aviation Program Analyst - Bio | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Patricia Hagerty, Aviation Program Analyst - Bio HagertyPatPersonalProfile.pdf (10.55 KB) More Documents & Publications Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer - Bio ...

  1. BioGenerator | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: BioGenerator Place: United States Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References: BioGenerator1...

  2. Southeast BioDiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioDiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Southeast BioDiesel Place: Charleston, South Carolina Product: Biodiesel producer based in South Carolina References: Southeast...

  3. Patriot BioFuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Patriot BioFuels Place: Little Rock, Arkansas Zip: 72201 Product: Arkansas-based biodiesel company with production facilities at...

  4. Emergence BioEnergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Emergence BioEnergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Emergence BioEnergy Place: Massachusetts Product: MA-based startup company focused on providing power generation capabilities...

  5. Huangchuan Hongqiao Bio Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Huangchuan Hongqiao Bio Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Huangchuan Hongqiao Bio Energy Place: Henan Province, China Sector: Biomass Product: Henan-based biomass plant...

  6. Bio Gas Technologies LTd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Gas Technologies LTd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Gas Technologies LTd Place: Norwalk, Ohio Zip: 44857 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Bio-gas Technologies is involved...

  7. Ammana Bio Pharma Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ammana Bio Pharma Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ammana Bio Pharma Ltd Place: Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 500 003 Product: Hyderabad-based ethanol producer...

  8. Brasil Bio Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brasil Bio Fuels Place: So Joo da Baliza, Roraima, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Roraima, Brazil....

  9. Bio Fuel Systems BFS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Fuel Systems BFS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Fuel Systems (BFS) Place: Alicante, Spain Sector: Biomass Product: Bio Fuel Systems focuses on the development of biofuel...

  10. Natura Bio Fuels Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Natura Bio Fuels Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Natura Bio-Fuels Ltd. Place: Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip: 560091 Sector: Biomass Product: Bangalore-based biomass project...

  11. Phoenix Bio Industries LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Industries LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Phoenix Bio-Industries LLC Place: Goshen, California Zip: 93227 Product: Ethanol producer. Coordinates: 37.988525,...

  12. Bio Energias Renov veis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Energias Renov veis Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Energias Renovveis Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04551-060 Sector: Biomass Product: Brazilian-based...

  13. Bio Energy Systems LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Bio-Energy Systems LLC Place: san Anselmo, California Zip: 94960 Product: Biodiesel producer in Vallejo, California. References: Bio-Energy Systems LLC1 This...

  14. Solarvest BioEnergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solarvest BioEnergy Place: Bloomington, Indiana Zip: 3057 Sector: Bioenergy, Hydro, Hydrogen, Solar Product: Solarvest BioEnergy's primary focus is to develop hydrogen, methane...

  15. Geo X GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    X GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Geo X GmbH Place: Landau, Germany Zip: 76829 Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Germany-based geothermal project developer. Coordinates:...

  16. Green Energy Ohio- GEO Solar Thermal Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    There are two parts to the application. PART I of the application collects information on the applicant, the installer (which must be from a list of GEO-approved installers), proposed equipment...

  17. GeoPowering the West: Hawaii; Why Geothermal?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2004-04-01

    This fact sheets provides a summary of geothermal potential, issues, and current development in Hawaii. This fact sheet was developed as part of DOE's GeoPowering the West initiative, part of the Geothermal Technologies Program.

  18. GeoGreen Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    GeoGreen Fuels LLC Place: Houston, Texas Product: Houston-based developer of biodiesel plants in Texas. Coordinates: 29.76045, -95.369784 Show Map Loading map......

  19. Geo- and Biogeochemical Processes in a Heliothermal Hypersaline...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Geo- and Biogeochemical Processes in a Heliothermal Hypersaline Lake Water chemical ... Water samples were collected at 10 cm depth intervals through the shallow lake (2.4 m) at ...

  20. OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Bio-Imaging's Big (Data) Problem Screen-shot of the OpenMSI online data viewer. A mass spectrometry image is shown on the left. Each pixel in this image is literally packed with ...

  1. GeoVision Study Task Forces | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Study Task Forces GeoVision Study Task Forces The Energy Department's GeoVision Study is undertaking rigorous analysis in seven specific topic areas that are led by team members from our national labs. Each task force will produce a deliverable required by the scope of the project. Task forces will be coordinated by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. I. Exploration: Lab Lead - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory How geothermal resources are identified today Exploration costs and risks

  2. Past, Present, and Future Production of Bio-oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, Philip; Yu, Fei; Gajjela, Sanjeev

    2009-04-01

    Bio-oil is a liquid product produced by fast pyrol-ysis of biomass. The fast pyrolysis is performed by heating the biomass rapidly (2 sec) at temperatures ranging from 350 to 650 oC. The vapors produced by this rapid heating are then condensed to produce a dark brown water-based emulsion composed of frag-ments of the original hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin molecules contained in the biomass. Yields range from 60 to 75% based on the feedstock type and the pyrolysis reactor employed. The bio-oil pro-duced by this process has a number of negative prop-erties that are produced mainly by the high oxygen content (40 to 50%) contributed by that contained in water (25 to 30% of total mass) and oxygenated compounds. Each bio-oil contains hundreds of chemi-cal compounds. The chemical composition of bio-oil renders it a very recalcitrant chemical compound. To date, the difficulties in utilizing bio-oil have limited its commercial development to the production of liq-uid smoke as food flavoring. Practitioners have at-tempted to utilize raw bio-oil as a fuel; they have also applied many techniques to upgrade bio-oil to a fuel. Attempts to utilize raw bio-oil as a combustion engine fuel have resulted in engine or turbine dam-age; however, Stirling engines have been shown to successfully combust raw bio-oil without damage. Utilization of raw bio-oil as a boiler fuel has met with more success and an ASTM standard has recently been released describing bio-oil characteristics in relation to assigned fuel grades. However, commercialization has been slow to follow and no reports of distribution of these bio-oil boiler fuels have been reported. Co-feeding raw bio-oil with coal has been successfully performed but no current power generation facilities are following this practice. Upgrading of bio-oils to hydrocarbons via hydroprocessing is being performed by several organizations. Currently, limited catalyst life is the obstacle to commercialization of this tech-nology. Researchers

  3. GeoPro: Technology to Enable Scientific Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. Juan

    2004-02-09

    Development of the ground-water flow model for the Death Valley Regional Groundwater Flow System (DVRFS) required integration of numerous supporting hydrogeologic investigations. The results from recharge, discharge, hydraulic properties, water level, pumping, model boundaries, and geologic studies were integrated to develop the required conceptual and 3-D framework models, and the flow model itself. To support the complex modeling process and the needs of the multidisciplinary DVRFS team, a hardware and software system called GeoPro (Geoscience Knowledge Integration Protocol) was developed. A primary function of GeoPro is to manage the large volume of disparate data compiled for the 100,000-square-kilometer area of southern Nevada and California. The data are primarily from previous investigations and regional flow models developed for the Nevada Test Site and Yucca Mountain projects. GeoPro utilizes relational database technology (Microsoft SQL Server{trademark}) to store and manage these tabular point data, groundwater flow model ASCII data, 3-D hydrogeologic framework data, 2-D and 2.5-D GIS data, and text documents. Data management consists of versioning, tracking, and reporting data changes as multiple users access the centralized database. GeoPro also supports the modeling process by automating the routine data transformations required to integrate project software. This automation is also crucial to streamlining pre- and post-processing of model data during model calibration. Another function of GeoPro is to facilitate the dissemination and use of the model data and results through web-based documents by linking and allowing access to the underlying database and analysis tools. The intent is to convey to end-users the complex flow model product in a manner that is simple, flexible, and relevant to their needs. GeoPro is evolving from a prototype system to a production-level product. Currently the DVRFS pre- and post-processing modeling tools are being re

  4. BioPower Atlas and BioFuels Atlas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Atlas and BioFuels Atlas Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: BioPower Atlas and BioFuels Atlas AgencyCompany Organization: National Renewable Energy...

  5. BioCarbon Fund (BioCF T3) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biomass Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Website http:climate-l.iisd.orgnews References BioCarbon Fund (BioCF T3)1 "...the BioCF T3, focuses on...

  6. Bio-oil fractionation and condensation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Robert C; Jones, Samuel T; Pollard, Anthony

    2013-07-02

    A method of fractionating bio-oil vapors which involves providing bio-oil vapors comprising bio-oil constituents is described. The bio-oil vapors are cooled in a first stage which comprises a condenser having passages for the bio-oil separated by a heat conducting wall from passages for a coolant. The coolant in the condenser of the first stage is maintained at a substantially constant temperature, set at a temperature in the range of 75 to 100.degree. C., to condense a first liquid fraction of liquefied bio-oil constituents in the condenser of the first stage. The first liquid fraction of liquified bio-oil constituents from the condenser in the first stage is collected. Also described are steps for subsequently recovering further liquid fractions of liquefied bio-oil constituents. Particular compositions of bio-oil condensation products are also described.

  7. INEOS Bio: Commercialization of Advanced Biofuels From Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    INEOS Bio: Commercialization of Advanced Biofuels From Waste INEOS Bio: Commercialization of Advanced Biofuels From Waste Update from INEOS Bio Dan Cummings, Vice President, INEOS ...

  8. Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming Presentation by NREL's Robert Evans at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming ...

  9. Pyrolysis of Woody Residue Feedstocks: Upgrading of Bio-Oils from Mountain-Pine-Beetle-Killed Trees and Hog Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zacher, Alan H.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Santosa, Daniel M.; Preto, Fernando; Iisa, Kristiina

    2014-12-01

    Liquid transportation fuel blend-stocks were produced by pyrolysis and catalytic upgrading of woody residue biomass. Mountain pine beetle killed wood and hog fuel from a saw mill were pyrolyzed in a 1 kg/h fluidized bed reactor and subsequently upgraded to hydrocarbons in a continuous fixed bed hydrotreater. Upgrading was performed by catalytic hydrotreatment in a two-stage bed at 170°C and 405°C with a per bed LHSV between 0.17 and 0.19. The overall yields from biomass to upgraded fuel were similar for both feeds: 24-25% despite the differences in bio-oil (intermediate) mass yield. Pyrolysis bio-oil mass yield was 61% from MPBK wood, and subsequent upgrading of the bio-oil gave an average mass yield of 41% to liquid fuel blend stocks. Hydrogen was consumed at an average of 0.042g/g of bio-oil fed, with final oxygen content in the product fuel ranging from 0.31% to 1.58% over the course of the test. Comparatively for hog fuel, pyrolysis bio-oil mass yield was lower at 54% due to inorganics in the biomass, but subsequent upgrading of that bio-oil had an average mass yield of 45% to liquid fuel, resulting in a similar final mass yield to fuel compared to the cleaner MPBK wood. Hydrogen consumption for the hog fuel upgrading averaged 0.041 g/g of bio-oil fed, and the final oxygen content of the product fuel ranged from 0.09% to 2.4% over the run. While it was confirmed that inorganic laded biomass yields less bio-oil, this work demonstrated that the resultant bio-oil can be upgraded to hydrocarbons at a higher yield than bio-oil from clean wood. Thus the final hydrocarbon yield from clean or residue biomass pyrolysis/upgrading was similar.

  10. A Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: A Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC Authors...

  11. GeoPowering the West - The Bountiful, Clean Energy Source for the West

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-09-01

    General brochure outlining benefits and activities of DOE Geothermal Technologies Program GeoPowering the West project.

  12. Earthship BioDiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Earthship BioDiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Earthship BioDiesel Place: Taos, New Mexico Zip: 87571 Product: Supplier and retailer of biodiesel made from Waste Vegetable...

  13. BioXchange Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zip: SN13 9TZ Sector: Biomass Product: BioXchange is active in the European Biomass Trading Floor. References: BioXchange Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  14. Fuel Bio One LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Fuel Bio One, LLC Place: Elizabeth, New Jersey Zip: 7202 Product: Fuel Bio operates a 189.5mLpa (50m gallon) capacity biodiesel plant in New Jersey....

  15. Gem BioFuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gem BioFuels Place: Douglas, Isle of Man, United Kingdom Zip: IM1 4LB Product: Ilse of Man-based biodiesel feedstock developer with...

  16. SG BioFuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    SG BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: SG BioFuels Place: Encinitas, California Zip: 92024 Product: California-based biofuel producer operating across the United States....

  17. Argonaut BioFuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Argonaut BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Argonaut BioFuels Place: Virginia Product: Manufacturer of wood pellets that has a plant in Virginia, US. References: Argonaut...

  18. Tersus BioEnergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioEnergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tersus BioEnergy Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: W1J 5PT Sector: Bioenergy, Biomass Product: Subsidiary of Tersus...

  19. BioSolar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioSolar Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioSolar Inc Place: Santa Clara, California Zip: 91387 Product: US-based manufacturer of sub and superstrates made of plant sources;...

  20. BioJet Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    93940 Sector: Carbon Product: Monterey-based carbon credit developer and producer of bio-jet fuel derived from jatropha. References: BioJet Corporation1 This article is a...

  1. Bio Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Energy LLC Place: Independence, Ohio Zip: 44131 Product: Bio-Energy founded at the beginning of the year has been commissioned its first...

  2. New Bio LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: New Bio LLC Place: Eden Prarie, Minnesota Zip: MN 55344-3446 Sector: Biomass Product: Working on the development and commercialization of...

  3. Infinity Bio Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Infinity Bio-Energy Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04551-060 Product: Infinity Bio-Energy is a special purpose acquisition...

  4. Blue Sky Bio Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Blue Sky Bio-Fuels Place: Oakland, California Zip: 94602 Product: Blue Sky owns and operates a biodiesel plant in Idaho with a capacity...

  5. Bio Renewables Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Renewables Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Renewables Group Place: United Kingdom Zip: CB6 2BA Sector: Biomass, Renewable Energy Product: Specialist in bio-energy...

  6. Wattman_bio.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wattman_bio.pdf Wattman_bio.pdf (20.19 KB) More Documents & Publications Aviation Management Professional Award Nomination for: LopezPersonalProfile.pdf 2014 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winner Posters

  7. Joint BioEnergy Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keasling, Jay; Simmons, Blake; Tartaglino, Virginia; Baidoo, Edward; Kothari, Ankita

    2015-06-15

    The Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Research Center dedicated to developing advanced biofuels—liquid fuels derived from the solar energy stored in plant biomass that can replace gasoline, diesel and jet fuels.

  8. Bio-Based Product Basics

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Almost all of the products we currently make from fossil fuels can also be made from biomass. These bioproducts, or bio-based products, are not only made from renewable sources, but they also often require less energy to produce than petroleum-based ones.

  9. GeoChips for Analysis of Microbial Functional Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Nostrand, Joy D.; Wu, Liyou; He, Zhili; Zhou, Jizhong

    2008-09-30

    Functional gene arrays (FGA) are microarrays that contain probes for genes encoding proteins or enzymes involved in functions of interest and allow for the study of thousands of genes at one time. The most comprehensive FGA to date is the GeoChip, which contains ~;;24,000 probes for ~;;10,000 genes involved in the geochemical cycling of C, N, P, and S, as well as genes involved in metal resistance and reduction and contaminant degradation. This chapter details the methods necessary for GeoChip analysis. Methods covered include preparation of DNA (whole community genome amplification and labeling), array setup (prehybridization steps), hybridization (sample and hybridization buffers), and post hybridization steps (slide washing and array scanning).

  10. chemlab bio detector2.qxd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Programs at Sandia National Laboratories are developing portable, compact analysis systems for multiple homeland security, defense, environmental, and medical applications. The µChemLab(tm) Bio Detector enables fast microfluidic separations of biological samples with high sensitivity. It miniaturizes bench-scale analyses utilizing fabricated microchannels in a hand-held, low-power device. Many different separations can be run simultaneously, and identification of the compound of interest is

  11. Integrative Biosurveillance at Bio Symposium

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    scientist discusses Integrative Biosurveillance at Bio Symposium May 30, 2014 Los Alamos National Laboratory research used in National Biosurveillance Strategy LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 30, 2014-Harshini Mukundan, of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Physical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy group, will talk about her team's innovative research on integrative biosurveillance at the third annual Biosurveillance Symposium sponsored by Oak Ridge National Laboratory June 12 in Baltimore. - 2 -

  12. A Generic Biogeochemical Module for Earth System Models: Next Generation BioGeoChemical Module (NGBGC), Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, Yilin; Huang, Maoyi; Liu, Chongxuan; Li, Hongyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2013-11-13

    Physical and biogeochemical processes regulate soil carbon dynamics and CO2 flux to and from atmosphere, influencing global climate changes. Integration of these processes into earth system models (e.g., community land models (CLM)), however, currently faces three major challenges: 1) extensive efforts are required to modify modeling structures and to rewrite computer programs to incorporate new or updated processes as new knowledge is being generated, 2) computational cost is prohibitively expensive to simulate biogeochemical processes in land models due to large variations in the rates of biogeochemical processes, and 3) various mathematical representations of biogeochemical processes exist to incorporate different aspects of fundamental mechanisms, but systematic evaluation of the different mathematical representations is difficult, if not possible. To address these challenges, we propose a new computational framework to easily incorporate physical and biogeochemical processes into land models. The new framework consists of a new biogeochemical module with a generic algorithm and reaction database so that new and updated processes can be incorporated into land models without the need to manually set up the ordinary differential equations to be solved numerically. The reaction database consists of processes of nutrient flow through the terrestrial ecosystems in plants, litter and soil. This framework facilitates effective comparison studies of biogeochemical cycles in an ecosystem using different conceptual models under the same land modeling framework. The approach was first implemented in CLM and benchmarked against simulations from the original CLM-CN code. A case study was then provided to demonstrate the advantages of using the new approach to incorporate a phosphorus cycle into the CLM model. To our knowledge, the phosphorus-incorporated CLM is a new model that can be used to simulate phosphorus limitation on the productivity of terrestrial ecosystems.

  13. BioEngineering Advanced Materials and Chemicals

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    BioEngineering Advanced Materials and Chemicals BioEnergy 2016 Conference Adam Bratis PhD, Associate Lab Director, BioEnergy Science and Technology National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) July 14, 2016 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 2 NREL - National Asset with a Dedicated Mission NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 2 * Nearly 1,700 employees * Campus is a model of sustainable energy * Founded as Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) - 1977 * Designated national laboratory in 1991

  14. Hydrogen from Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    From Bio-Derived Liquids Hydrogen From Bio Hydrogen From Bio - - Derived Liquids Derived Liquids Dave King, Yong Wang, PNNL BILIWIG Meeting Laurel, Maryland November 6, 2007 Innovation / Overview Innovation / Overview Innovation / Overview Project comprises two components z Ethanol steam reforming z Aqueous phase reforming (APR) Importance to small scale hydrogen production for distributed reforming for hydrogen production ‹ Ethanol is rapidly becoming an infrastructure fuel and is a logical

  15. HIA ZERH Judge Bios | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    HIA ZERH Judge Bios HIA ZERH Judge Bios Meet the judges for the Zero Energy Ready Home Builder Awards - part of the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards. Judge Bios.pdf (20.76 MB) More Documents & Publications Minutes of the September 13, 2013 Meeting of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Near-term Fuel Cell Applications in Japan Behavioral Opportunities for Energy Savings in Office Buildings: a London Field Experiment

  16. BioTiger - Energy Innovation Portal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Industrial Technologies Industrial Technologies Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Find More Like This Return to Search BioTiger (Biological Enhancement of Hydrocarbon Extraction) Savannah River National Laboratory Contact SRNL About This Technology BioTiger<sup>TM </sup>Microbes BioTigerTM Microbes <p>Tar Sands</p> Tar Sands Technology Marketing SummaryScientists at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) have discovered a new environmental biocatalyst for

  17. GeoMelt{sup R} ICV{sup TM} Treatment of Sellafield Pond Solids Waste - 13414

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witwer, Keith; Woosley, Steve; Campbell, Brett; Wong, Martin; Hill, Joanne

    2013-07-01

    Kurion, Inc., in partnership with AMEC Ltd., is demonstrating its GeoMelt{sup R} In-Container Vitrification (ICV){sup TM} Technology to Sellafield Ltd. (SL). SL is evaluating the proposition of directly converting a container (skip/box/drum) of raw solid ILW into an immobilized waste form using thermal treatment, such that the resulting product is suitable for interim storage at Sellafield and subsequent disposal at a future Geological Disposal Facility. Potential SL feed streams include sludges, ion-exchange media, sand, plutonium contaminated material, concrete, uranium, fuel cladding, soils, metals, and decommissioning wastes. The solid wastes have significant proportions of metallic constituents in the form of containers, plant equipment, structural material and swarf arising from the nuclear operations at Sellafield. GeoMelt's proprietary ICV process was selected for demonstration, with the focus being high and reactive metal wastes arising from solid ILW material. A composite surrogate recipe was used to demonstrate the technology towards treating waste forms of diverse types and shapes, as well as those considered difficult to process; all the while requiring few (if any) pre-treatment activities. Key strategic objectives, along with their success criterion, were established by SL for this testing, namely: 1. Passivate and stabilize the raw waste simulant, as demonstrated by the entire quantity of material being vitrified, 2. Immobilize the radiological and chemo-toxic species, as demonstrated via indicative mass balance using elemental analyses from an array of samples, 3. Production of an inert and durable product as evidenced by transformation of reactive metals to their inert oxide forms and satisfactory leachability results using PCT testing. Two tests were performed using the GeoMelt Demonstration Unit located at AMEC's Birchwood Park Facilities in the UK. Post-melt examination of the first test indicated some of the waste simulant had not fully

  18. BioProcess Algae | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: BioProcess Algae Place: Shenandoah, Iowa Sector: Biomass Product: US-based joint venture created to commercialize advanced photobioreactor technologies for...

  19. United Bio Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    include consulting and plant management services, ingredients, procurement and marketing, ethanol marketing and hedging. References: United Bio Energy LLC1 This article is...

  20. Missouri Bio Products | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Missouri Bio-Products Place: Bethel, Missouri Product: Biodiesel producer that operates a 7.5mLpa plant in Bethel, Missouri. Coordinates:...

  1. Agra Bio Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Agra Bio Fuels Place: Middletown, Pennsylvania Zip: 17057 Product: Biodiesel producer with plans to build 11 biodiesel plants in Pennsylvania. References: Agra...

  2. BioCatalytics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biomass Product: BioCatalytics Inc. provides a broadest range of enzymes for chemical synthesis, especially biomass to biofuel enzymes along with the resources and technology to...

  3. Myriant Succinic Acid BioRefinery

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    confidential, or otherwise restricted information Myriant Succinic Acid BioRefinery DOE ... This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted ...

  4. Bio Solutions Manufacturing Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solutions Manufacturing Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Solutions Manufacturing Inc Place: Las Vegas, Nevada Zip: 89103 Product: Waste-to-energy bioremediation developer....

  5. International Bio Fuels Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: International Bio Fuels Corporation Place: Vancouver, Washington State Zip: WA 98682 Product: Vancouver based Biodiesel project...

  6. Bio Processing Technology Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Processing Technology Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Processing Technology Inc Place: New Indiana, Indiana Product: Focused on technologies that convert corn and other...

  7. Bio Clean Fuels Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Fuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Clean Fuels Inc Place: California Sector: Hydro Product: Califonia-based biofuel technology and engineering company. The company is...

  8. Bio Architecture Lab | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Architecture Lab Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Architecture Lab Address: 454 North 34th Street Place: Seattle, Washington Zip: 98103 Region: Pacific Northwest Area Sector:...

  9. DOE-IG-0513 - Bio Mass.PDF

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... energy market would not increase even if crude oil prices increased to 40 per barrel. ... to reduce oil imports and the vulnerability of the Nation to energy supply disruptions. ...

  10. Feasibility Study for Bio Mass Electrical Generation on Tribal...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 The St. Croix Chippewa Indians, From Yesterday to Today and into the Future. 3 The St. Croix Chippewa Tribe is governed by a five- member council, publicly elected every ...

  11. Ultrahigh-pressure polyamorphism in GeO 2 glass with coordination...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ultrahigh-pressure polyamorphism in GeO 2 glass with coordination number >6 Citation ... Resource Relation: Journal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the ...

  12. High-pressure experimental studies on geo-liquids using synchrotron...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: High-pressure experimental studies on geo-liquids using synchrotron ... Research Org: Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL ...

  13. GeoSprings Hybrid Water Heater - Energy Innovation Portal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    GeoSprings Hybrid Water Heater Oak Ridge National Laboratory <p> Oak Ridge National Laboratory&#39;s facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL&#39;s accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10 years of service life in a typical residential setting. | Photo courtesy of the Building Technologies Research and Integration Center, ORNL</p> Oak Ridge National Laboratory's

  14. Geo-Neutrinos And Radiogenic Contribution To Earth's Heat Flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiorentini, Giovanni; Mantovani, Fabio; Chubakov, Viacheslav; Lissia, Marcello

    2010-11-24

    New measurements of the geo-neutrino flux are available from two independent and complementary experiments: Borexino and KamLAND. These new data decrease uncertainties on the flux and the derived radiogenic contribution to the terrestrial heat flow begins to be significant. The derived heat flow has a theoretical uncertainty from the accepted model of Earth. In the new future the range of the predictions should decrease mainly because of larger statistics collected by the two experiments and of a detailed geological study of the region near Borexino.

  15. BioDiesel One Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioDiesel One Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioDiesel One, Ltd. Place: Southington, Connecticut Zip: 6489 Product: BioDiesel One plans to develop a biodiesel plant in...

  16. Frontline BioEnergy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Frontline BioEnergy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Frontline BioEnergy LLC Place: Ames, Iowa Zip: 50010 Sector: Bioenergy, Biomass Product: Frontline BioEnergy Inc develops...

  17. Tropical BioEnergia SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioEnergia SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tropical BioEnergia SA Place: Edeia, Goias, Brazil Product: Tropical BioEnergia SA is a joint venture which will build and operate...

  18. GK Bio Energy Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    GK Bio Energy Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: GK Bio-Energy Pvt Ltd Place: Tamil Nadu, India Product: GK Bio-Energy Pvt Ltd is involved with a project that used poultry...

  19. Agrenco Bio Energia A B E | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Agrenco Bio Energia A B E Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agrenco Bio-Energia(A.B.E) Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Agrenco Bio-Energia, Sau-Paulo-based, subsidiary...

  20. REG Bio power UK Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    REG Bio power UK Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: REG Bio-power (UK) Ltd Place: United Kingdom Zip: NG1 2AX Product: Norfolk-based REG Bio-Power operates an electricity...

  1. Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer - Bio | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer - Bio Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer - Bio Ferrin_MoorePersonalProfile.pdf (22.23 KB) More Documents & Publications LopezPersonalProfile.pdf Patricia Hagerty, Aviation Program Analyst - Bio - FLIGHT -

  2. MHK Technologies/bioBase | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    bioBase < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage BioBase.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization BioPower Systems Pty Ltd...

  3. Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oils |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Bio-Oils Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oils Introduction presentation report-out at the CTAB webinar on bio-oils. ctab_webinar_bio_oils_intro.pdf (635.81 KB) More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Plenaries

  4. Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Oil Production Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production RTI International report-out at the CTAB webinar on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production. ctab_webinar_bio_oils_production.pdf (772.25 KB) More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oils

  5. Cost Analysis of Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming (Presentation) | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming (Presentation) Cost Analysis of Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland. 03_dti_cost_analysis_bio-derived_liquids_reforming.pdf (471.59 KB) More Documents & Publications BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working

  6. BioFuel Energy Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioFuel Energy Corp Place: Denver, Colorado Zip: 80202 Product: Develops, owns and operates ethanol facilities. References: BioFuel...

  7. Gateway Ethanol LLC formerly Wildcat Bio Energy LLC | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ethanol LLC formerly Wildcat Bio Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gateway Ethanol LLC (formerly Wildcat Bio-Energy LLC) Place: Pratt, Kansas Zip: 67124 Product:...

  8. Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels … Bio-Oil Upgrading

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and bio-oil upgrading. Manage projects related to biomass fast pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and gasification and catalytic upgrading of bio-oils. Focus on ...

  9. Bio-Oil Analysis Laboratory Procedures | Bioenergy | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Bio-Oil Analysis Laboratory Procedures NREL develops laboratory analytical procedures ... These standard procedures have been validated and allow for reliable bio-oil analysis. ...

  10. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...

    Energy Savers

    Meeting - November 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Meeting - November 2007 The Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming ...

  11. Bio Friendly Fuel Partners LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Friendly Fuel Partners LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Friendly Fuel Partners LLC Place: Danville, California Zip: 94526 Product: Biodiesel distributor and plant...

  12. National Bio Energy Gongzhuling Biomass Power Plant | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Gongzhuling Biomass Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Bio Energy Gongzhuling Biomass Power Plant Place: China Product: A subsidiary company of National Bio...

  13. Commercialization of Bio-Based Chemicals: A Successful Public...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bio-Based Chemicals: A Successful Public-Private Partnership Commercialization of Bio-Based Chemicals: A Successful Public-Private Partnership Opening Plenary Session: Celebrating ...

  14. BioFuels Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioFuels Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioFuels Energy, LLC Place: Encinitas, California Zip: 92024 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Encinitas-based renewable...

  15. Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Seattle Biodiesel (aka Seattle BioFuels) Place: Seattle, Washington Sector: Renewable Energy Product:...

  16. Aurora BioFuels Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioFuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aurora BioFuels Inc. Place: Alameda, California Zip: 94502 Sector: Biofuels, Renewable Energy Product: California-based renewable...

  17. Kai BioEnergy Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Kai BioEnergy Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kai BioEnergy Corporation Place: Del Mar, California Zip: 92014 Region: Southern CA Area Sector: Biofuels Product:...

  18. Hawaii BioEnergy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioEnergy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii BioEnergy LLC Place: Hawaii Sector: Renewable Energy, Services Product: Hawaiian-based consortium researching the viability...

  19. Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading 2013 Peer Review ...

  20. Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production. ctabwebinarbiooilsproduction.pdf (772.25 KB) More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil ...

  1. Bio-Manufacturing: A Strategic clean energy manufacturing opportunity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bio-Manufacturing: A Strategic clean energy manufacturing opportunity Bio-Manufacturing: A Strategic clean energy manufacturing opportunity Breakout Session 1: New Developments and ...

  2. Amrit Bio Energy Industries Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Amrit Bio Energy Industries Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Amrit Bio Energy & Industries Ltd. Place: Kolkata, West Bengal, India Zip: 700017 Sector: Biomass Product:...

  3. Beijing Shenzhou Daxu Bio Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Shenzhou Daxu Bio Energy Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Beijing Shenzhou Daxu Bio-Energy Technology Co Ltd Place: Beijing Municipality, China Sector: Biomass...

  4. Luoyang Tianchang Bio Project Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Tianchang Bio Project Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Luoyang Tianchang Bio Project Corporation Place: Henan Province, China Product: A company that develops biofuel...

  5. Thamna Bio power and Organic Producers Company TBPOPC | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Thamna Bio power and Organic Producers Company TBPOPC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Thamna Bio-power and Organic Producers Company (TBPOPC) Place: Thamna, Gujarat, India...

  6. Solapur Bio Energy System Pvt Ltd SBES | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solapur Bio Energy System Pvt Ltd SBES Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solapur Bio Energy System Pvt. Ltd. (SBES) Place: Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India Zip: 462016 Sector: Biomass...

  7. Mid America Bio Energy and Commodities LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Energy and Commodities LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mid America Bio Energy and Commodities, LLC Place: North Platte, Nebraska Zip: 69101 Product: Nebraska based...

  8. Iroquois Bio Energy Co LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Energy Co LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Iroquois Bio-Energy Co LLC Place: Rensselaer, Indiana Zip: 47978 Product: Iroquois is developing a project near Rensselaer,...

  9. Sada Bio Energia e Agricultura | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Sada Bio Energia e Agricultura Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sada Bio-Energia e Agricultura Place: Jaiba, Minas Gerais, Brazil Sector: Biomass Product: This company is an...

  10. Mangalam Bio Energen Private Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Energen Private Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mangalam Bio-Energen Private Limited Place: Maharashtra, India Sector: Biomass Product: A project developer thats...

  11. Gowthami Bio Energies Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Energies Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gowthami Bio Energies Pvt. Ltd. Place: Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 500 003 Sector: Biomass Product:...

  12. Jyothi Bio Energies Ltd JBEL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jyothi Bio Energies Ltd JBEL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jyothi Bio-Energies Ltd. (JBEL) Place: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 500029 Sector: Biomass Product:...

  13. Varam Bio Energy P Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Bio Energy P Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Varam Bio Energy (P) Ltd Place: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 532005 Sector: Biomass Product: Hyderabad-based biomass...

  14. Energy BioSciences Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Logo: Energy BioSciences Institute Name: Energy BioSciences Institute Place: Berkeley, California Zip: 94720 Region: Bay Area Website: www.energybiosciencesinstitute...

  15. Characterization of deactivated bio-oil hydrotreating catalysts...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Characterization of deactivated bio-oil hydrotreating catalysts Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Characterization of deactivated bio-oil hydrotreating catalysts ...

  16. "Bionic" Liquids from Lignin: Joint BioEnergy Institute Results...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Bionic" Liquids from Lignin: Joint BioEnergy Institute Results Pave the Way for ... Combustion Research Facility Joint BioEnergy Institute Research Engineering and ...

  17. BioSig-Air-Force

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2011-07-15

    1) Configured servers: In coordination with the INSIGHT team, a hardware configuration was selected. Two nodes were purchased, configured, and shipped with compatible OS and database installation. The servers have been stress tested for reliability as they use leading edge technologies. Each node has two CPUs and 12 cores per CPU with maximum onboard memory for high performance. 2) LIM and Experimental module: The original BioSig system was developed for cancer research. Accordingly, the LIMmore » system its corresponding web pages are being modified to facilitate (i) pathogene-donor interactions, (ii) media composition, (iii) chemical and siRNA plate configurations. The LIM system has been redesigned. The revised system allows design of new media and tracking it from lot-to-lot so that variations in the phenotypic responses can be tracked to a specific media and lot number. Similar associations are also possible with other experimental factors (e.g., donor-pathoge, siRNA, and chemical). Furthermore, the design of the experimental variables has also been revised to (i) interact with the newly developed LIM system, (ii) simplify experimental specifications, and (iii) test for potential operator's error during the data entry. Part of the complication has been due to the handshake between multiple teams that provide the small molecule plates and the team that creates assay plates. Our efforts have focused to harmonize these interactions (e.g., various data formats) so that each assay plate can be mapped to its source so that a correct set of experimental variables can be associated with each image. For example, depending upon the source of the chemical plates, they may have different formats. We have developed a canonical representation that registers SMILES code, for each chemical compound, along with its physiochemical properties. The schema for LIM conjunction with customized Web pages. 3) Import of Images and computed descriptors module: In coordination with the

  18. GEO2D - Two-Dimensional Computer Model of a Ground Source Heat Pump System

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    James Menart

    2013-06-07

    This file contains a zipped file that contains many files required to run GEO2D. GEO2D is a computer code for simulating ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems in two-dimensions. GEO2D performs a detailed finite difference simulation of the heat transfer occurring within the working fluid, the tube wall, the grout, and the ground. Both horizontal and vertical wells can be simulated with this program, but it should be noted that the vertical wall is modeled as a single tube. This program also models the heat pump in conjunction with the heat transfer occurring. GEO2D simulates the heat pump and ground loop as a system. Many results are produced by GEO2D as a function of time and position, such as heat transfer rates, temperatures and heat pump performance. On top of this information from an economic comparison between the geothermal system simulated and a comparable air heat pump systems or a comparable gas, oil or propane heating systems with a vapor compression air conditioner. The version of GEO2D in the attached file has been coupled to the DOE heating and cooling load software called ENERGYPLUS. This is a great convenience for the user because heating and cooling loads are an input to GEO2D. GEO2D is a user friendly program that uses a graphical user interface for inputs and outputs. These make entering data simple and they produce many plotted results that are easy to understand. In order to run GEO2D access to MATLAB is required. If this program is not available on your computer you can download the program MCRInstaller.exe, the 64 bit version, from the MATLAB website or from this geothermal depository. This is a free download which will enable you to run GEO2D..

  19. OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets August 27, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov OpenMSINERSC.jpg This overlay of mass spectrometry images shows the spatial distribution of three different kind of lipids across a whole mouse cross-section. Lipids act as the structural components of cell membranes and are responsible for energy storage, among other things. Image credit:

  20. BioComms Training: Strategic Communications and Message Development

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Strategic Communications and Message Development: Presentation to EERE BioComms Group by Kearns & West.

  1. Bio Oils Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Oils Energy Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28010 Sector: Biofuels Product: Madrid-based biofuels producer with plans to build a 500-tonne plant in...

  2. BioFuel Oasis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zip: 94710 Product: A worker-owned cooperative to sell commercial biodiesel that meets ASTM standards. References: BioFuel Oasis1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  3. Prime BioSolutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Prime BioSolutions Place: Omaha, Nebraska Zip: 68137 Product: Ethanol and biogas producer using the closed-loop system. Coordinates: 33.180954, -94.743294 Show Map...

  4. Bio Energy Investments BEI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Investments BEI Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Energy Investments (BEI) Place: Chinnor, United Kingdom Zip: OX39 4TW Sector: Biomass Product: UK-based company involved in...

  5. Bio-Benefits Basics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Education & Workforce Development » Bioenergy Basics » Bio-Benefits Basics Bio-Benefits Basics Biomass is an important commodity for the future of the United States. Increased production and use of biofuels will result in a variety of benefits to the nation, including: Improved national energy security Increased economic growth Broad-based environmental benefits. Biomass and U.S. Energy Security The U.S. economy is heavily dependent on oil imports-containing 4% of the world's population,

  6. Hydrogen from Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    from Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) Hydrogen from Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland. 09_pnnl_h2_from_bio-derived_liquids.pdf (326.2 KB) More Documents & Publications Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG), Hydrogen Separation and Purification Working Group (PURIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Renewable

  7. Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Oil Upgrading Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading PNNL report-out at the CTAB webinar on Bio-Oil Upgrading. ctab_webinar_bio_oils_upgrading.pdf (361.56 KB) More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production Thermochemical Conversion Proceeses to Aviation Fuels 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil

  8. GEO-SEQ Best Practices Manual. Geologic Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Site Evaluation to Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benson, Sally M.; Myer, Larry R.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Doughty, Christine A.; Pruess, Karsten; Lewicki, Jennifer; Hoversten, Mike; Gasperikova, Erica; Daley, Thomas; Majer, Ernie; Lippmann, Marcelo; Tsang, Chin-Fu; Knauss, Kevin; Johnson, James; Foxall, William; Ramirez, Abe; Newmark, Robin; Cole, David; Phelps, Tommy J.; Parker, J.; Palumbo, A.; Horita, J.; Fisher, S.; Moline, Gerry; Orr, Lynn; Kovscek, Tony; Jessen, K.; Wang, Y.; Zhu, J.; Cakici, M.; Hovorka, Susan; Holtz, Mark; Sakurai, Shinichi; Gunter, Bill; Law, David; van der Meer, Bert

    2004-10-23

    The first phase of the GEO-SEQ project was a multidisciplinary effort focused on investigating ways to lower the cost and risk of geologic carbon sequestration. Through our research in the GEO-SEQ project, we have produced results that may be of interest to the wider geologic carbon sequestration community. However, much of the knowledge developed in GEO-SEQ is not easily accessible because it is dispersed in the peer-reviewed literature and conference proceedings in individual papers on specific topics. The purpose of this report is to present key GEO-SEQ findings relevant to the practical implementation of geologic carbon sequestration in the form of a Best Practices Manual. Because our work in GEO-SEQ focused on the characterization and project development aspects, the scope of this report covers practices prior to injection, referred to as the design phase. The design phase encompasses activities such as selecting sites for which enhanced recovery may be possible, evaluating CO{sub 2} capacity and sequestration feasibility, and designing and evaluating monitoring approaches. Through this Best Practices Manual, we have endeavored to place our GEO-SEQ findings in a practical context and format that will be useful to readers interested in project implementation. The overall objective of this Manual is to facilitate putting the findings of the GEO-SEQ project into practice.

  9. Giga-Dalton Mass Spectrometry - Energy Innovation Portal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search Giga-Dalton Mass Spectrometry Major leap forward for Mass Spectrometry Applications to Life Sciences Oak Ridge National Laboratory Contact ORNL About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryCurrent techniques to study large bio?molecules using mass spectrometer require fragmentation for the mass?to?charge ratios to be within the working range of the mass spectrometer. Analysis

  10. Catalytic Hydroprocessing of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil to Produce Hydrocarbon Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Hart, Todd R.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Rotness, Leslie J.; Zacher, Alan H.

    2009-10-01

    Catalytic hydroprocessing has been applied to biomass fast pyrolysis liquid product (bio-oil) in a bench-scale continuous-flow fixed-bed reactor system. The intent of the research was to develop process technology to convert the bio-oil into a petroleum refinery feedstock to supplement fossil energy resources and to displace imported feedstock. The project was a cooperative research and development agreement among UOP LLC, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). This paper is focused on the process experimentation and product analysis undertaken at PNNL. The paper describes the experimental methods used and relates the results of the product analyses. A range of catalyst formulations were tested over a range of operating parameters including temperature, pressure, and flow-rate with bio-oil derived from several different biomass feedstocks. Effects of liquid hourly space velocity and catalyst bed temperature were assessed. Details of the process results were presented including mass and elemental balances. Detailed analysis of the products were provided including elemental composition, chemical functional type determined by mass spectrometry, and product descriptors such as density, viscosity and Total Acid Number (TAN). In summation, the paper provides an understanding of the efficacy of hydroprocessing as applied to bio-oil.

  11. GeoEnergy is Beautiful 2014 – Apply by April 5th!

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    GeoEnergy Is Beautiful 2014 is a student competition promoting awareness of geothermal energy as a key player in the nation's renewable energy mix. Student teams from leading colleges and...

  12. Ultrahigh-pressure polyamorphism in GeO 2 glass with coordination...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: Ultrahigh-pressure polyamorphism in GeO 2 ... Type: Published Article Journal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of ...

  13. Ultrahigh-pressure polyamorphism in GeO 2 glass with coordination...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ultrahigh-pressure polyamorphism in GeO 2 glass with coordination number >6 This content ... Type: Published Article Journal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of ...

  14. GEO3D - Three-Dimensional Computer Model of a Ground Source Heat Pump System

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    James Menart

    2013-06-07

    This file is the setup file for the computer program GEO3D. GEO3D is a computer program written by Jim Menart to simulate vertical wells in conjunction with a heat pump for ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems. This is a very detailed three-dimensional computer model. This program produces detailed heat transfer and temperature field information for a vertical GSHP system.

  15. OM300 -GeoThermal MWD Navigation Instrument | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    OM300 -GeoThermal MWD Navigation Instrument OM300 -GeoThermal MWD Navigation Instrument Develop a 300°C capable directional drilling navigation tool using Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) accelerometers and flux-gate magnetometers. high_macgugan_om300.pdf (857.64 KB) More Documents & Publications 300ºC DDS + 300ºC MWD Development of a HT Seismic Tool track 3: enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) | geothermal 2015 peer review

  16. The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (GeoMIP6): Simulation design and preliminary results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Robock, Alan; Tilmes, S.; Boucher, Olivier; English, J. M.; Irvine, Peter J.; Jones, Andrew; Lawrence, M. G.; MacCracken, Michael C.; Muri, Helene O.; Moore, John C.; Niemeier, Ulrike; Phipps, Steven J.; Sillmann, Jana; Storelvmo, Trude; Wang, Hailong; Watanabe, Shingo

    2015-10-27

    We present a suite of new climate model experiment designs for the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). This set of experiments, named GeoMIP6 (to be consistent with the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6), builds on the previous GeoMIP project simulations, and has been expanded to address several further important topics, including key uncertainties in extreme events, the use of geoengineering as part of a portfolio of responses to climate change, and the relatively new idea of cirrus cloud thinning to allow more long wave radiation to escape to space. We discuss experiment designs, as well as the rationale for those designs, showing preliminary results from individual models when available. We also introduce a new feature, called the GeoMIP Testbed, which provides a platform for simulations that will be performed with a few models and subsequently assessed to determine whether the proposed experiment designs will be adopted as core (Tier 1) GeoMIP experiments. In conclusion, this is meant to encourage various stakeholders to propose new targeted experiments that address their key open science questions, with the goal of making GeoMIP more relevant to a broader set of communities.

  17. The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (GeoMIP6): Simulation design and preliminary results

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Robock, Alan; Tilmes, S.; Boucher, Olivier; English, J. M.; Irvine, Peter J.; Jones, Andrew; Lawrence, M. G.; MacCracken, Michael C.; Muri, Helene O.; et al

    2015-10-27

    We present a suite of new climate model experiment designs for the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). This set of experiments, named GeoMIP6 (to be consistent with the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6), builds on the previous GeoMIP project simulations, and has been expanded to address several further important topics, including key uncertainties in extreme events, the use of geoengineering as part of a portfolio of responses to climate change, and the relatively new idea of cirrus cloud thinning to allow more long wave radiation to escape to space. We discuss experiment designs, as well as the rationale formore » those designs, showing preliminary results from individual models when available. We also introduce a new feature, called the GeoMIP Testbed, which provides a platform for simulations that will be performed with a few models and subsequently assessed to determine whether the proposed experiment designs will be adopted as core (Tier 1) GeoMIP experiments. In conclusion, this is meant to encourage various stakeholders to propose new targeted experiments that address their key open science questions, with the goal of making GeoMIP more relevant to a broader set of communities.« less

  18. The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (GeoMIP6). Simulation Design and Preliminary Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Robock, Alan; Tilmes, S.; Boucher, Olivier; English, J.; Irvine, Peter; Jones, Andrew; Lawrence, M. G.; Maccracken, Michael C.; Muri, Helene O.; Moore, John; Niemeier, Ulrike; Phipps, Steven; Sillmann, Jana; Storelvmo, Trude; Wang, Hailong; Watanabe, Shingo

    2015-10-27

    We present a suite of new climate model experiment designs for the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). This set of experiments, named GeoMIP6 (to be consistent with the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6), builds on the previous GeoMIP project simulations, and has been expanded to address several further important topics, including key uncertainties in extreme events, the use of geoengineering as part of a portfolio of responses to climate change, and the relatively new idea of cirrus cloud thinning to allow more longwave radiation to escape to space. We discuss experiment designs, as well as the rationale for those designs, showing preliminary results from individual models when available. We also introduce a new feature, called the GeoMIP Testbed, which provides a platform for simulations that will be performed with a few models and subsequently assessed to determine whether the proposed experiment designs will be adopted as core (Tier 1) GeoMIP experiments. This is meant to encourage various stakeholders to propose new targeted experiments that address their key open science questions, with the goal of making GeoMIP more relevant to a broader set of communities.

  19. Upscaling of Bio-mediated Soil Improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. T. DeJong; B. C. Martinez; B. M. Mortensen; D. C. Nelson; J. T. Waller; M. H. Weil; T. R. Ginn; T. Weathers; T. Barkouki; Y. Fujita; G. Redden; C. Hunt; D. Major; B. Tunyu

    2009-10-01

    As demand for soil improvement continues to increase, new, sustainable, and innocuous methods are needed to alter the mechanical properties of soils. Recent research has demonstrated the potential of bio-mediated soil improvement for geotechnical applications (DeJong et al. 2006, Whiffin et al. 2007). Upscaling the bio-mediated treatment process for in situ implementation presents a number of challenges to be addressed, including soil and pore fluid interactions, bioaugmentation versus biostimulation of microbial communities, controlled distribution of mediated calcite precipitation, and permanence of the cementation. Current studies are utilizing large-scale laboratory experiments, non-destructive geophysical measurements, and modeling, to develop an optimized and predictable bio-mediated treatment method.

  20. Fuel Cells on Bio-Gas (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Remick, R. J.

    2009-03-04

    The conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Fuel cells operating on bio-gas offer a pathway to renewable electricity generation; (2) With federal incentives of $3,500/kW or 30% of the project costs, reasonable payback periods of less than five years can be achieved; (3) Tri-generation of electricity, heat, and hydrogen offers an alternative route to solving the H{sub 2} infrastructure problem facing fuel cell vehicle deployment; and (4) DOE will be promoting bio-gas fuel cells in the future under its Market Transformation Programs.

  1. Bisfuel Logo | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BISfuel is abbreviation of Bio-Inspired Solar Fuels BIS is a prefix or suffix designating the second instance of a thing, which symbolizes bio-inspired solar fuels as an artificial ...

  2. BioCat Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioCat Fuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioCat Fuels LLC Place: Andover, Minnesota Zip: 55304 Product: Minnesota-based company formed to build biodiesel plants using a...

  3. Production and Upgrading of Infrastructure Compatible Bio-Oil...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... bio-oil production and delivery Base-line fast pyrolysis bio-oil (for this project and ... finished fuels in continuous-flow reactors Low-severity hydrotreating for ...

  4. US BioDiesel Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioDiesel Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: US BioDiesel Group Place: San Francisco, California Zip: 94111 Product: San Francisco-based developer of biodiesel production...

  5. BullDog BioDiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BullDog BioDiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: BullDog BioDiesel Place: Ellenwood, Georgia Zip: 30294 Product: BullDog operates a 68.2mLpa (12m gallon) capacity,...

  6. Feedstock Pathways for Bio-oil and Syngas Conversi (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Feedstock Pathways for Bio-oil and Syngas Conversi Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Feedstock Pathways for Bio-oil and Syngas Conversi You are accessing a document ...

  7. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...

    Energy Savers

    Hydrogen can be produced by reforming bio-liquids such as sugars, ethanol, or bio-oils or through gasification or pyrolysis of biomass feedstocks. In the near term, distributed ...

  8. Acid Number Determination of Pyrolysis Bio-oils using Potentiometric...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... content of a bio-oil determined by titration, expressed as mg KOHg of sample. 4. Interferences 4.1 Bio-oils can coat the pH electrode used to monitor the progress of titration. ...

  9. Celsys BioFuels Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Celsys BioFuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Celsys BioFuels Inc. Place: Indiana Product: Celsys was formed in 2006 to commercialise cellulosic ethanol technology that was...

  10. Houston BioFuels Consultants | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioFuels Consultants Jump to: navigation, search Name: Houston BioFuels Consultants Place: Kingwood, Texas Zip: 77345 Product: A Houston-based consultancy run by oil industry...

  11. PrairieFire BioFuels Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    PrairieFire BioFuels Cooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name: PrairieFire BioFuels Cooperative Place: Madison, Wisconsin Zip: 53704 Product: A member-owned cooperative which...

  12. Harvest BioFuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioFuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harvest BioFuels LLC Place: Addison, Texas Zip: TX 75001 Product: Setting up corn-based ethanol plants. Coordinates: 38.477365,...

  13. Tomorrow BioFuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Tomorrow BioFuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tomorrow BioFuels LLC Place: Cranston, Rhode Island Zip: 2921 Product: Rhode Island-based algae-to-fuel technology...

  14. Palladium catalyzed hydrogenation of bio-oils and organic compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Elliott, Douglas C [Kennewick, WA; Hu, Jianli [Richland, WA; Hart,; Todd, R [Kennewick, WA; Neuenschwander, Gary G [Burbank, WA

    2011-06-07

    The invention provides palladium-catalyzed hydrogenations of bio-oils and certain organic compounds. Experimental results have shown unexpected and superior results for palladium-catalyzed hydrogenations of organic compounds typically found in bio-oils.

  15. Palladium catalyzed hydrogenation of bio-oils and organic compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Hu, Jianli; Hart, Todd R.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.

    2008-09-16

    The invention provides palladium-catalyzed hydrogenations of bio-oils and certain organic compounds. Experimental results have shown unexpected and superior results for palladium-catalyzed hydrogenations of organic compounds typically found in bio-oils.

  16. Hestia BioEnergy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hestia BioEnergy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hestia BioEnergy LLC Place: New York, New York Zip: 11378 Sector: Biomass Product: Hestia builds, operates and owns biomass...

  17. Borgford BioEnergy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Borgford BioEnergy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Borgford BioEnergy LLC Place: Colville, Washington State Zip: 99114 Sector: Biomass Product: Washington-based developer of...

  18. Four Rivers BioEnergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioEnergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Four Rivers BioEnergy Place: Calvert City, Kentucky Zip: 42029 Product: Kentucky-based ethanol and biodiesel producer, which is...

  19. Western BioEnergy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioEnergy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Western BioEnergy Ltd Place: Cardiff, United Kingdom Zip: CF24 0EB Product: Developing a 13.8MW wood burning project in Margam,...

  20. BioLogical Capital BLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioLogical Capital BLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioLogical Capital (BLC) Place: Denver, Colorado Zip: 80202 Product: Denver Colorado-based group focusing on generating...

  1. Carbon Green BioEnergy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Green BioEnergy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Green BioEnergy LLC Place: Chicago, Illinois Zip: 60603 Sector: Efficiency Product: Chicago-based company dedicated to...

  2. Coulee Region Bio Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Region Bio Fuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Coulee Region Bio-Fuels LLC Place: Ettrick, Wisconsin Zip: 54627 Sector: Biofuels Product: LLC created by PrairieFire...

  3. Center for BioEnergy Sustainability | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    and the ultimate sustainability of biomass production for conversion to biofuels and bio-based products. The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability, or CBES, is a Center at Oak...

  4. KVK Bio Energy Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    KVK Bio Energy Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: KVK Bio Energy Pvt. Ltd Place: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 500 082 Sector: Biomass Product: Hyderabad-based...

  5. Sanmenxia New Energy Bio Electricity Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    New Energy Bio Electricity Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sanmenxia New Energy Bio-Electricity Co Ltd Place: Henan Province, China Sector: Biomass Product: China-based...

  6. D1 Williamson Magor Bio Fuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Magor Bio Fuel Jump to: navigation, search Name: D1 Williamson Magor Bio Fuel Place: Kolkata, West Bengal, India Zip: 700 001 Product: Joint venture between D1 Oils and Williamson...

  7. Bio Oelwerk Magdeburg GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Oelwerk Magdeburg GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Oelwerk Magdeburg GmbH Place: Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Zip: 39126 Product: Bio--lwerk Magdeburg is a...

  8. BIO Diesel Wittenberge GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wittenberge GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: BIO-Diesel Wittenberge GmbH Place: Wittenberge, Brandenburg, Germany Zip: 19322 Product: BIO-Diesel Wittenberge is a biodiesel...

  9. Bio Energy Biogas GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biogas GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Energy Biogas GmbH Place: Bad Oeynhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Zip: 32545 Product: Bio Energy Biogas provides the whole...

  10. Anhui Guo Feng Bio Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Guo Feng Bio Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Anhui Guo Feng Bio Energy Co Ltd Place: Anhui Province, China Product: A company engaged in biodiesel technology...

  11. Sri Vel Bio Diesel Energy Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Vel Bio Diesel Energy Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sri Vel Bio Diesel Energy Pvt Ltd Place: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 600 083 Product: Focused on producing...

  12. Clinton County Bio Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    County Bio Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clinton County Bio Energy LLC Place: Clinton, Iowa Zip: 52732 Product: Investing in and developing a 37.9m-litre biodiesel...

  13. D1 Mohan Bio Oils Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    D1 Mohan Bio Oils Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: D1 Mohan Bio Oils Ltd Place: Gurgaon, Haryana, India Zip: 122001 Product: Southern India-based joint venture between Mohan...

  14. Agile Biomanufacturing: The SynBio Foundry Vision Review | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    The Agile Biomanufacturing: The SynBio Foundry Vision Review is being held June 14, 2016, in Arlington, Virginia, to gather feedback on the Synthetic Biology (SynBio) Foundry ...

  15. C3 BioEnergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: C3 BioEnergy Place: Massachusetts Sector: Bioenergy, Biofuels, Biomass, Hydro, Hydrogen, Renewable Energy Product: C3 BioEnergy is an early-stage biofuels technology...

  16. Hubei Xinda Bio oil Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Xinda Bio oil Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hubei Xinda Bio-oil Technology Co Ltd Place: Hubei Province, China Product: Hubei-based biofuel producer....

  17. Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum April 9, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis W.R. Grace, a leading provider of refining technologies, and Pacific ...

  18. GEO-ENGINEERING MODELING THROUGH INTERNET INFORMATICS (GEMINI)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. Lynn Watney; John H. Doveton

    2004-05-13

    GEMINI (Geo-Engineering Modeling through Internet Informatics) is a public-domain web application focused on analysis and modeling of petroleum reservoirs and plays (http://www.kgs.ukans.edu/Gemini/index.html). GEMINI creates a virtual project by ''on-the-fly'' assembly and analysis of on-line data either from the Kansas Geological Survey or uploaded from the user. GEMINI's suite of geological and engineering web applications for reservoir analysis include: (1) petrofacies-based core and log modeling using an interactive relational rock catalog and log analysis modules; (2) a well profile module; (3) interactive cross sections to display ''marked'' wireline logs; (4) deterministic gridding and mapping of petrophysical data; (5) calculation and mapping of layer volumetrics; (6) material balance calculations; (7) PVT calculator; (8) DST analyst, (9) automated hydrocarbon association navigator (KHAN) for database mining, and (10) tutorial and help functions. The Kansas Hydrocarbon Association Navigator (KHAN) utilizes petrophysical databases to estimate hydrocarbon pay or other constituent at a play- or field-scale. Databases analyzed and displayed include digital logs, core analysis and photos, DST, and production data. GEMINI accommodates distant collaborations using secure password protection and authorized access. Assembled data, analyses, charts, and maps can readily be moved to other applications. GEMINI's target audience includes small independents and consultants seeking to find, quantitatively characterize, and develop subtle and bypassed pays by leveraging the growing base of digital data resources. Participating companies involved in the testing and evaluation of GEMINI included Anadarko, BP, Conoco-Phillips, Lario, Mull, Murfin, and Pioneer Resources.

  19. Discovering multi-scale co-occurrence patterns of asthma and influenza with the Oak Ridge bio-surveillance toolkit

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Ramanathan, Arvind; Pullum, Laura L.; Hobson, Tanner C.; Stahl, Christopher G.; Steed, Chad A.; Valkova, Silvia; Quinn, Shannon; Chennubhotla, Chakra

    2015-08-03

    Here, we describe a data-driven unsupervised machine learning approach to extract geo-temporal co-occurrence patterns of asthma and the flu from large-scale electronic healthcare reimbursement claims (eHRC) datasets. Specifically, we examine the eHRC data from 2009 to 2010 pandemic H1N1 influenza season and analyze whether different geographic regions within the United States (US) showed an increase in co-occurrence patterns of the flu and asthma. Our analyses reveal that the temporal patterns extracted from the eHRC data show a distinct lag time between the peak incidence of the asthma and the flu. While the increased occurrence of asthma contributed to increased flumore » incidence during the pandemic, this co-occurrence is predominant for female patients. The geo-temporal patterns reveal that the co-occurrence of the flu and asthma are typically concentrated within the south-east US. Further, in agreement with previous studies, large urban areas (such as New York, Miami, and Los Angeles) exhibit co-occurrence patterns that suggest a peak incidence of asthma and flu significantly early in the spring and winter seasons. Together, our data-analytic approach, integrated within the Oak Ridge Bio-surveillance Toolkit platform, demonstrates how eHRC data can provide novel insights into co-occurring disease patterns.« less

  20. Discovering multi-scale co-occurrence patterns of asthma and influenza with the Oak Ridge bio-surveillance toolkit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramanathan, Arvind; Pullum, Laura L.; Hobson, Tanner C.; Stahl, Christopher G.; Steed, Chad A.; Valkova, Silvia; Quinn, Shannon; Chennubhotla, Chakra

    2015-08-03

    Here, we describe a data-driven unsupervised machine learning approach to extract geo-temporal co-occurrence patterns of asthma and the flu from large-scale electronic healthcare reimbursement claims (eHRC) datasets. Specifically, we examine the eHRC data from 2009 to 2010 pandemic H1N1 influenza season and analyze whether different geographic regions within the United States (US) showed an increase in co-occurrence patterns of the flu and asthma. Our analyses reveal that the temporal patterns extracted from the eHRC data show a distinct lag time between the peak incidence of the asthma and the flu. While the increased occurrence of asthma contributed to increased flu incidence during the pandemic, this co-occurrence is predominant for female patients. The geo-temporal patterns reveal that the co-occurrence of the flu and asthma are typically concentrated within the south-east US. Further, in agreement with previous studies, large urban areas (such as New York, Miami, and Los Angeles) exhibit co-occurrence patterns that suggest a peak incidence of asthma and flu significantly early in the spring and winter seasons. Together, our data-analytic approach, integrated within the Oak Ridge Bio-surveillance Toolkit platform, demonstrates how eHRC data can provide novel insights into co-occurring disease patterns.

  1. Dr. Piotr Zelenay - Speaker Bio for the Fuel Cell Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Piotr Zelenay's Professional Bio Dr. Zelenay's expertise is in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, electrocatalysis, surface electrochemistry, electrode kinetics and organic ...

  2. NREL Releases BioEnergy Atlas - a Comprehensive Biomass Mapping

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Application - News Releases | NREL NREL Releases BioEnergy Atlas - a Comprehensive Biomass Mapping Application September 28, 2010 BioEnergy Atlas, a Web portal that provides access to two bioenergy analysis and mapping tools, was released today by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The visualization screening tools, BioPower and BioFuels Atlas, allow users to layer related bioenergy data onto a single map to gather information on biomass feedstocks,

  3. Real-time geo-registration of imagery using COTS graphics processors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flath, Laurence M.; Kartz, Michael W.

    2009-06-30

    A method of performing real-time geo-registration of high-resolution digital imagery using existing graphics processing units (GPUs) already found in current personal computers, rather than the main central processing unit (CPU). Digital image data captured by a camera (along with inertial navigation system (INS) data associated with the image data) is transferred to and processed by the GPU to perform the calculations involved in transforming the captured image into a geo-rectified, nadir-looking image. By using the GPU, the order-of-magnitude increase in throughput over conventional software techniques makes real-time geo-registration possible without the significant cost of custom hardware solutions.

  4. ARM - 2016 Election: User Executive Committee Bios

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM 2016 Election: User Executive Committee Bios About Become a User Recovery Act Mission FAQ Outreach Displays History Organization Participants Facility Statistics Forms Contacts Facility Documents ARM Management Plan (PDF, 1.3MB) Field Campaign Guidelines (PDF, 574KB) ARM Climate Research Facility Expansion Workshop (PDF, 1.46MB) Facility Activities ARM and the Recovery Act Contributions to International Polar Year Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at

  5. Bio-Terrorism Threat and Casualty Prevention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NOEL,WILLIAM P.

    2000-01-01

    The bio-terrorism threat has become the ''poor man's'' nuclear weapon. The ease of manufacture and dissemination has allowed an organization with only rudimentary skills and equipment to pose a significant threat with high consequences. This report will analyze some of the most likely agents that would be used, the ease of manufacture, the ease of dissemination and what characteristics of the public health response that are particularly important to the successful characterization of a high consequence event to prevent excessive causalities.

  6. Standardization of chemical analytical techniques for pyrolysis bio-oil: history, challenges, and current status of methods

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Ferrell, Jack R.; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Christensen, Earl D.; Padmaperuma, Asanga B.; Connatser, Raynella M.; Stankovikj, Filip; Meier, Dietrich; Paasikallio, Ville

    2016-07-05

    Here, we discuss the standardization of analytical techniques for pyrolysis bio-oils, including the current status of methods, and our opinions on future directions. First, the history of past standardization efforts is summarized, and both successful and unsuccessful validation of analytical techniques highlighted. The majority of analytical standardization studies to-date has tested only physical characterization techniques. In this paper, we present results from an international round robin on the validation of chemical characterization techniques for bio-oils. Techniques tested included acid number, carbonyl titrations using two different methods (one at room temperature and one at 80 °C), 31P NMR for determination ofmore » hydroxyl groups, and a quantitative gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method. Both carbonyl titration and acid number methods have yielded acceptable inter-laboratory variabilities. 31P NMR produced acceptable results for aliphatic and phenolic hydroxyl groups, but not for carboxylic hydroxyl groups. As shown in previous round robins, GC-MS results were more variable. Reliable chemical characterization of bio-oils will enable upgrading research and allow for detailed comparisons of bio-oils produced at different facilities. Reliable analytics are also needed to enable an emerging bioenergy industry, as processing facilities often have different analytical needs and capabilities than research facilities. We feel that correlations in reliable characterizations of bio-oils will help strike a balance between research and industry, and will ultimately help to -determine metrics for bio-oil quality. Lastly, the standardization of additional analytical methods is needed, particularly for upgraded bio-oils.« less

  7. BIOMASS TO BIO-OIL BY LIQUEFACTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Huamin; Wang, Yong

    2013-01-10

    Significant efforts have been devoted to develop processes for the conversion of biomass, an abundant and sustainable source of energy, to liquid fuels and chemicals, in order to replace diminishing fossil fuels and mitigate global warming. Thermochemical and biochemical methods have attracted the most attention. Among the thermochemical processes, pyrolysis and liquefaction are the two major technologies for the direct conversion of biomass to produce a liquid product, often called bio-oil. This chapter focuses on the liquefaction, a medium-temperature and high-pressure thermochemical process for the conversion of biomass to bio-oil. Water has been most commonly used as a solvent and the process is known as hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL). Fundamentals of HTL process, key factors determining HTL behavior, role of catalyst in HTL, properties of produced bio-oil, and the current status of the technology are summarized. The liquefaction of biomass by using organic solvents, a process called solvolysis, is also discussed. A wide range of biomass feedstocks have been tested for liquefaction including wood, crop residues, algae, food processing waste, and animal manure.

  8. Method to upgrade bio-oils to fuel and bio-crude

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steele, Philip H; Pittman, Jr., Charles U; Ingram, Jr., Leonard L; Gajjela, Sanjeev; Zhang, Zhijun; Bhattacharya, Priyanka

    2013-12-10

    This invention relates to a method and device to produce esterified, olefinated/esterified, or thermochemolytic reacted bio-oils as fuels. The olefinated/esterified product may be utilized as a biocrude for input to a refinery, either alone or in combination with petroleum crude oils. The bio-oil esterification reaction is catalyzed by addition of alcohol and acid catalyst. The olefination/esterification reaction is catalyzed by addition of resin acid or other heterogeneous catalyst to catalyze olefins added to previously etherified bio-oil; the olefins and alcohol may also be simultaneously combined and catalyzed by addition of resin acid or other heterogeneous catalyst to produce the olefinated/esterified product.

  9. GeoPowering the West - The Bountiful, Clean Energy Source for the West

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-04-01

    GeoPowering the West will contribute to the overall increased use of domestic renewable energy resources, as recommended in the National Energy Policy, by: - Doubling the number of states with geothermal electric power facilities from four to eight by 2010, and Supplying the heat or power needs of 5 million Western homes and businesses by 2015.Geothermal Energy Program Office of Energy.

  10. Bio-Derived Liquid Distributed Reforming Outcomes Map | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Liquid Distributed Reforming Outcomes Map Bio-Derived Liquid Distributed Reforming Outcomes Map This is a "pre-decisional draft of the Bio-Derived Liquid Distributed Reforming Outcomes Map. biliwg06_schlasner.pdf (36.88 KB) More Documents & Publications Agenda for the Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Distributed Reforming of Biomass Pyrolysis Oils (Presentation) Bio-Derived Liquids to

  11. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets (Presentation)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Distributed Reforming Targets Arlene F. Anderson Technology Development Manager, U.S. DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group and Hydrogen Production Technical Team Review November 6, 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) The Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG), launched

  12. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (Presentation) | Department of Energy Targets (Presentation) Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland. 01_doe_bio-derived_liquids_to_h2_reforming_targets.pdf (369.61 KB) More Documents & Publications BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation) Distributed Hydrogen Fueling Station Based on GEGR SCPO

  13. BioEngineering Advanced Materials and Chemicals | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    BioEngineering Advanced Materials and Chemicals BioEngineering Advanced Materials and Chemicals Breakout Session 3C: Innovative Approaches and Materials for Clean Energy BioEngineering Advanced Materials and Chemicals Adam Bratis, Biofuels Program Manager, National Renewable Energy Laboratory bratis_bioenergy_2016.pdf (1.31 MB) More Documents & Publications CX-100173 Categorical Exclusion Determination Renewable, Low-Cost Carbon Fiber for Lightweight Vehicles: Summary Report Demonstration

  14. Treatment of Asbestos Wastes Using the GeoMelt Vitrification Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finucane, K.G. [AMEC Nuclear Holdings Ltd., GeoMelt Div., Richland, WA (United States); Thompson, L.E. [Capto Group LLC, Dallas, TX (United States); Abuku, T. [ISV Japan Ltd., Yokohama-city (Japan); Nakauchi, H. [Mie Chuo Kaihatsu Co. Ltd., Hachiya, Iga City (Japan)

    2008-07-01

    The disposal of waste asbestos from decommissioning activities is becoming problematic in countries which have limited disposal space. A particular challenge is the disposal of asbestos wastes from the decommissioning of nuclear sites because some of it is radioactively contaminated or activated and disposal space for such wastes is limited. GeoMelt{sup R} vitrification is being developed as a treatment method for volume and toxicity minimization and radionuclide immobilization for UK radioactive asbestos mixed waste. The common practice to date for asbestos wastes is disposal in licensed landfills. In some cases, compaction techniques are used to minimize the disposal space requirements. However, such practices are becoming less practical. Social pressures have resulted in changes to disposal regulations which, in turn, have resulted in the closure of some landfills and increased disposal costs. In the UK, tens of thousands of tonnes of asbestos waste will result from the decommissioning of nuclear sites over the next 20 years. In Japan, it is estimated that over 40 million tonnes of asbestos materials used in construction will require disposal. Methods for the safe and cost effective volume reduction of asbestos wastes are being evaluated for many sites. The GeoMelt{sup R} vitrification process is being demonstrated at full-scale in Japan for the Japan Ministry of Environment and plans are being developed for the GeoMelt treatment of UK nuclear site decommissioning-related asbestos wastes. The full-scale treatment operations in Japan have also included contaminated soils and debris. The GeoMelt{sup R} vitrification process result in the maximum possible volume reduction, destroys the asbestos fibers, treats problematic debris associated with asbestos wastes, and immobilizes radiological contaminants within the resulting glass matrix. Results from recent full-scale treatment operations in Japan are discussed and plans for GeoMelt treatment of UK nuclear site

  15. | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Gust, Director of the Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production, presented a lecture for high school students titled "Towards Artificial Photosynthesis and Alternative Energy". ...

  16. | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Centers Seminars Solar energy news Video All links Links to online ... Mission of the Center for Bio-inspired Solar Fuel production at Arizona State ...

  17. Biographical sketch - Devens Gust | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Appointments Director, Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production, Arizona State University, ... bioinspired redox mediator for solar energy conversion," Moore, G. F.; Hambourger, ...

  18. Center for Bio-inspired Solar Fuel Production Personnel | Center...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Center for Bio-inspired Solar Fuel Production Personnel Principal Investigators Postdoctoral Fellows Center researchers Graduate Students Undergraduate Students All Bisfuel Center ...

  19. Bios | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    Bios High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) HEPAP Home Meetings 2015 HEPAP Membership ... collider was by then at the energy frontier and allowed in particular to ...

  20. BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland. PDF icon 07anlhighpressuresteamethanolref...

  1. Biographical sketch - Giovanna Ghirlanda | Center for Bio-Inspired...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Simultaneous Observation of Peptide Backbone Lipid Solvation and -Helical Structure by Deep-UV Resonance Raman Spectroscopy. Chem. Bio. Chem. 12, 2125-2128. Ghirlanda, G. (2009) ...

  2. Next Generation Bio-Based & Sustainable Chemicals Summit

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 6th Annual Next Generation Bio-Based & Sustainable Chemicals Summit will be hosted in New Orleans, Louisiana, from February 3–5.

  3. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Natural Gas Dist. Bio-Derived Renewable Liquids Dist. Electrolysis Central Wind Electrolysis Biomass Gasification Solar-Driven Hight Temp. Thermochemical Cycle Solar-Driven ...

  4. BioGold Fuels Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    through joint ventures a lower-cost, higher-output system for the production of diesel fuel derived from Municipal Solid Waste ("MSW"). References: BioGold Fuels...

  5. Cost Analysis of Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming (Presentation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cost Analysis of Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming Brian James Directed Technologies, Inc. 6 November 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or ...

  6. BioEnergy of Colorado LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioEnergy of Colorado LLC Address: 4875 National Western Drive Place: Denver, Colorado Zip: 80216 Region: Rockies Area Sector: Biofuels...

  7. BioEnergy of America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    of America Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioEnergy of America Place: Edison, New Jersey Zip: 8817 Product: Defunct New Jersey biodiesel project developer & owner. Company was...

  8. BioEnergy International LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    International LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioEnergy International LLC Address: 1 Pinehill Drive Place: Quincy, Massachusetts Zip: 02169 Region: Greater Boston Area...

  9. BioEnergy Solutions BES | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Solutions BES Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioEnergy Solutions (BES) Place: Bakersfield, California Zip: 93309 Product: Bakersfield-based firm installing and operating biogas...

  10. BioEnergy Engineering LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Engineering LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioEnergy Engineering LLC Place: Tennessee Sector: Biofuels Product: A biofuels engineering and design firm with proprietary...

  11. WELtec BioPower GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Saxony, Germany Zip: 49377 Sector: Services Product: WELtec BioPower provides turnkey biogas plants and related services. Coordinates: 52.728997, 8.286404 Show Map Loading...

  12. Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (361.56 KB) More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production Thermochemical Conversion Proceeses to Aviation Fuels 2013 Peer ...

  13. Advanced Biofuels (and Bio-products) Process Demonstration Unit...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Biofuels (and Bio-products) Process Demonstration Unit Todd Pray, PhD, MBA March 25, 2015 Biochemical Conversion Area DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) Project Peer Review ...

  14. BioCentric Energy Inc formerly Nano Chemical Systems Holdings...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: BioCentric Energy Inc (formerly Nano Chemical Systems Holdings) Place: Santa Ana, California Zip: 90707 Product: California-based development-stage company that...

  15. BioCarbon Fund Project Portfolio | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    conserve greenhouse gases in forests, agro- and other ecosystems. Through its focus on bio-carbon, or 'sinks', it delivers carbon finance to many developing countries that...

  16. Bio Octane Energias Renov veis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Octane Energias Renov veis Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Octane Energias Renovveis Place: Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Brazil-based biodiesel producer, located in the...

  17. Magneto-Optic Biosensor Using Bio-Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticle...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Magneto-Optic Biosensor Using Bio-Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles Technology available for licensing: A long-range interaction between magnetic nanoparticles and an external...

  18. Bio Energy US New Hampshire | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    US New Hampshire Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Energy (US - New Hampshire) Place: Manchester, New Hampshire Zip: 3109 Product: Project developer currently operating a...

  19. 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bio-oil 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil The Bioenergy Technologies Office hosted its 2013 Project Peer Review on May 20-24, 2015, at the Hilton Mark Center in Alexandria, Virginia. The presentations from the biodiesel session are available to view and download below. For detailed session descriptions and presentation titles, view the 2013 Project Peer Review Program Booklet. bio_oil_abdullah_32219_32220.pdf (1.98 MB) bio_oil_albrecht_32234_32230_32233.pdf (872.98 KB)

  20. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation by Arlene Anderson at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  1. Roshini International Bio Energy Corporation Ltd RIBEC | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Andhra Pradesh, India Sector: Bioenergy Product: Bioenergy feedstock producer and biodiesel trader. References: Roshini International Bio Energy Corporation Ltd (RIBEC)1...

  2. BioFuelBox Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation Name: BioFuelBox Corporation Address: 50 Las Colinas Lane Place: San Jose, California Zip: 95119 Region: Bay Area Sector: Biofuels Product: Makes a modular...

  3. BioPower Systems Pty Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: BioPower Systems Pty Ltd Address: Suite 145 National Innovation Centre Australian Technology Park Place: Eveleigh Zip: 1430 Region: Australia...

  4. US BioGen LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search Name: US BioGen LLC Place: Dallas, Texas Zip: 75231 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Produces bioethanol, electricity and hydrogen from grain crops such as corn....

  5. Conversion Technologies II: Bio-Oils, Sugar Intermediates, Precursors...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    * Biochemical: o PRINCE - Process Integration and Carbon Efficiencies - June 11-12, 2014 * Thermochemical: o GBTL - Natural Gas Biomass to Liquids - September 3, 2013 o Bio-oil ...

  6. Rheinische Bio Ester GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Rheinische Bio Ester GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rheinische Bio Ester GmbH & Co.KG Place: Neuss, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Zip: 41460 Product: Rheinische Bio...

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - ShanasBioSlides121307 | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ShanasBioSlides121307 Microsoft PowerPoint - ShanasBioSlides121307 PDF icon Microsoft PowerPoint - ShanasBioSlides121307 More Documents & Publications Microsoft PowerPoint - ...

  8. 97e Intermediate Temperature Catalytic Reforming of Bio-Oil for Distributed Hydrogen Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marda, J. R.; Dean, A. M.; Czernik, S.; Evans, R. J.; French, R.; Ratcliff, M.

    2008-01-01

    -oil and catalyze the water gas shift reaction without catalyzing methanation or oxidation of CO and H{sub 2}, thus attaining equilibrium levels of H{sub 2}, CO, H{sub 2}O, and CO{sub 2} at the exit of the catalyst bed. Experimental Bio-oil (mixed with varied amounts of methanol to reduce the viscosity and homogenize the bio-oil) or selected bio-oil components are introduced at a measured flow rate through the top of a vertical quartz reactor which is heated using a five zone furnace. The ultrasonic nozzle used to feed the reactants allows the bio-oil to flow down the center of the reactor at a low, steady flow rate. Additionally, the fine mist created by the nozzle allows for intimate mixing with oxygen and efficient heat transfer, providing optimal conditions to achieve high conversion at relatively low temperatures in the non-catalytic step thus reducing the required catalyst loading. Generation of the fine mist is especially important for providing good contact between non-volatile bio-oil components and oxygen. Oxygen and helium are also delivered at the top of the reactor via mass flow meters with the amount of oxygen being varied to maximize the yields of H{sub 2} and CO and the amount of helium being adjusted such that the gas phase residence time in the hot zone is {approx}0.3 and {approx}0.45 s for bio-oil and methanol experiments, respectively. A catalyst bed can be located at the bottom of the reactor tube. To date, catalyst screening experiments have used Engelhard noble metal catalysts. The catalysts used for these experiments were 0.5 % rhodium, ruthenium, platinum, and palladium (all supported on alumina). Experiments were performed using pure alumina as well. Both the catalyst type and the effect of oxygen and steam on the residual hydrocarbons and accumulated carbon containing particulates were investigated. The residence time before the catalyst is varied to determine the importance of the non-catalytic step and its potential effect on the required

  9. Laboratory scientist discusses Integrative Biosurveillance at Bio Symposium

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory scientist discusses Integrative Biosurveillance at Bio Symposium Laboratory scientist discusses Integrative Biosurveillance at Bio Symposium Los Alamos National Laboratory research used in National Biosurveillance Strategy. May 30, 2014 Harshini Mukundan, of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Physical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy group Harshini Mukundan, of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Physical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy group. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications

  10. Quercetin as natural stabilizing agent for bio-polymer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morici, Elisabetta; Arrigo, Rossella; Dintcheva, Nadka Tzankova

    2014-05-15

    The introduction of antioxidants in polymers is the main way to prevent or delay the degradation process. In particular natural antioxidants receive attention in the food industry also because of their presumed safety. In this work bio-polymers, i.e. a commercial starch-based polymer (Mater-Bi) and a bio-polyester (PLA), and a bio-polyether (PEO) were additivated with quercetin, a natural flavonoid antioxidants, in order to formulate bio-based films for ecosustainable packaging and outdoor applications. The photo-oxidation behavior of unstabilized and quercetin stabilized films was analyzed and compared with the behavior of films additivated with a commercial synthetic light stabilizer. The quercetin is able to slow down the photo-degradation rate of all bio-polymeric films investigated in similar way to the synthetic stabilizer.

  11. Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation) Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 ...

  12. Bio-Oil Co-Processing: Expanding the Refinery Supply System ...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Understanding and specifying bio-oil intermediate requirements for use in petroleum ... to discuss the potential for bio-oil co-processing, the challenges currently ...

  13. Geo-polymers as Candidates for the Immobilisation of Low- and Intermediate-Level Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perera, Dan; Vance, Eric; Kiyama, Satoshi; Aly, Zaynab; Yee, Patrick

    2007-07-01

    Geo-polymers should be serious waste form candidates for intermediate level waste (ILW), insofar as they are more durable than Portland cement and can pass the PCT-B test for high-level waste. Thus an alkaline ILW could be considered to be satisfactorily immobilised in a geo-polymer formulation. However a simulated Hanford tank waste was found to fail the PCT-B criterion even for a waste loading as low as 5 wt%, very probably due to the formation of a soluble sodium phosphate compound(s). This suggests that it could be worth developing a 'mixed' GP waste form in which the amorphous material can immobilize cations and a zeolitic component to immobilize anions. The PCT-B test is demonstrably subject to significant saturation effects, especially for relatively soluble waste forms. (authors)

  14. MASS SPECTROMETER

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    White, F.A.

    1960-08-23

    A mass spectrometer is designed with a first adjustable magnetic field for resolving an ion beam into beams of selected masses, a second adjustable magnetic field for further resolving the ion beam from the first field into beams of selected masses, a thin foil disposed in the path of the beam between the first and second magnets to dissociate molecular ions incident thereon, an electrostatic field for further resolving the ion beam from the second field into beams of selected masses, and a detector disposed adjacent to the electrostatic field to receive the ion beam.

  15. Mixed Waste Treatment Cost Analysis for a Range of GeoMelt Vitrification Process Configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, L. E.

    2002-02-27

    GeoMelt is a batch vitrification process used for contaminated site remediation and waste treatment. GeoMelt can be applied in several different configurations ranging from deep subsurface in situ treatment to aboveground batch plants. The process has been successfully used to treat a wide range of contaminated wastes and debris including: mixed low-level radioactive wastes; mixed transuranic wastes; polychlorinated biphenyls; pesticides; dioxins; and a range of heavy metals. Hypothetical cost estimates for the treatment of mixed low-level radioactive waste were prepared for the GeoMelt subsurface planar and in-container vitrification methods. The subsurface planar method involves in situ treatment and the in-container vitrification method involves treatment in an aboveground batch plant. The projected costs for the subsurface planar method range from $355-$461 per ton. These costs equate to 18-20 cents per pound. The projected cost for the in-container method is $1585 per ton. This cost equates to 80 cents per pound. These treatment costs are ten or more times lower than the treatment costs for alternative mixed waste treatment technologies according to a 1996 study by the US Department of Energy.

  16. Canada's Deep Geological Repository for Used Nuclear Fuel - Geo-scientific Site Evaluation Process - 13117

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blyth, Alec; Ben Belfadhel, Mahrez; Hirschorn, Sarah; Hamilton, Duncan; McKelvie, Jennifer

    2013-07-01

    The Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) is responsible for implementing Adaptive Phased Management (APM), the approach selected by the Government of Canada for long-term management of used nuclear fuel generated by Canadian nuclear reactors. The ultimate objective of APM is the centralized containment and isolation of Canada's used nuclear fuel in a Deep Geological Repository in a suitable rock formation at a depth of approximately 500 meters (m) (1,640 feet [ft]). In May 2010, the NWMO published a nine-step site selection process that serves as the road map to decision-making on the location for the deep geological repository. The safety and appropriateness of any potential site will be assessed against a number of factors, both technical and social in nature. The selected site will be one that can be demonstrated to be able to safely contain and isolate used nuclear fuel, protecting humans and the environment over the very long term. The geo-scientific suitability of potential candidate sites will be assessed in a stepwise manner following a progressive and thorough site evaluation process that addresses a series of geo-scientific factors revolving around five safety functions. The geo-scientific site evaluation process includes: Initial Screenings; Preliminary Assessments; and Detailed Site Evaluations. As of November 2012, 22 communities have entered the site selection process (three in northern Saskatchewan and 18 in northwestern and southwestern Ontario). (authors)

  17. DCE Bio Detection System Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lind, Michael A.; Batishko, Charles R.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Owsley, Stanley L.; Dunham, Glen C.; Warner, Marvin G.; Willett, Jesse A.

    2007-12-01

    The DCE (DNA Capture Element) Bio-Detection System (Biohound) was conceived, designed, built and tested by PNNL under a MIPR for the US Air Force under the technical direction of Dr. Johnathan Kiel and his team at Brooks City Base in San Antonio Texas. The project was directed toward building a measurement device to take advantage of a unique aptamer based assay developed by the Air Force for detecting biological agents. The assay uses narrow band quantum dots fluorophores, high efficiency fluorescence quenchers, magnetic micro-beads beads and selected aptamers to perform high specificity, high sensitivity detection of targeted biological materials in minutes. This final report summarizes and documents the final configuration of the system delivered to the Air Force in December 2008

  18. Membrane process designs in the recovery of bio-fuels and bio-chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leeper, S.A.

    1990-01-01

    In this presentation, the emerging membrane unit operations and process designs that can be used in recovery of fuels and organic chemicals produced via bioconversion are briefly summarized. Product recovery costs are a major barrier to increased use of bioconversion for the production of fuels and chemicals. The integration of developing membrane unit operations into product recovery schemes may reduce process energy requirements and cost. Membrane unit operations that are used or studied in recovery of bio-fuels and organic chemicals include pervaporation (PV), vapor permeation (VPe), reverse osmosis (RO), membrane extraction, and electrodialysis (ED). Although it can be argued that ultrafiltration (UF) is used to purify bio-fuels and bio-chemicals, UF is not included in this survey for two reasons: (1) the primary uses of UF in bioprocessing are to clarify fermentation broth and to retain cells/enzymes in bioreactors and (2) the literature on UF in biotechnology is expansive. Products of bioconversion for which data are compiled include ethanol, acetone, butanol, glycerol, isopropanol, ethyl acetate, fusel oils, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, butyric acid, citric acid, propionic acid, succinic acid, and tartaric acid. 13 refs.

  19. Pyrolysis of waste animal fats in a fixed-bed reactor: Production and characterization of bio-oil and bio-char

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ben Hassen-Trabelsi, A.; Kraiem, T.; Naoui, S.; Belayouni, H.

    2014-01-15

    Highlights: • Produced bio-fuels (bio-oil and bio-char) from some animal fatty wastes. • Investigated the effects of main parameters on pyrolysis products distribution. • Determined the suitable conditions for the production of the maximum of bio-oil. • Characterized bio-oils and bio-chars obtained from several animal fatty wastes. - Abstract: Several animal (lamb, poultry and swine) fatty wastes were pyrolyzed under nitrogen, in a laboratory scale fixed-bed reactor and the main products (liquid bio-oil, solid bio-char and syngas) were obtained. The purpose of this study is to produce and characterize bio-oil and bio-char obtained from pyrolysis of animal fatty wastes. The maximum production of bio-oil was achieved at a pyrolysis temperature of 500 °C and a heating rate of 5 °C/min. The chemical (GC–MS analyses) and spectroscopic analyses (FTIR analyses) of bio-oil showed that it is a complex mixture consisting of different classes of organic compounds, i.e., hydrocarbons (alkanes, alkenes, cyclic compounds…etc.), carboxylic acids, aldehydes, ketones, esters,…etc. According to fuel properties, produced bio-oils showed good properties, suitable for its use as an engine fuel or as a potential source for synthetic fuels and chemical feedstock. Obtained bio-chars had low carbon content and high ash content which make them unattractive for as renewable source energy.

  20. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Kick-Off Meeting | Department of Energy Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting The U.S. Department of Energy held a kick-off meeting for the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) on October 24, 2006, in Baltimore, Maryland. The Working Group is addressing technical challenges to distributed reforming of biomass-derived,

  1. Task Descriptions | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Task Descriptions Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production Central to design of a complete ... scientists with a broad knowledge of energy flow and control in natural systems ...

  2. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland. PDF icon 01doebio-derivedliquidstoh2refor...

  3. E3 BioFuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    E3 BioFuels Place: Shawnee, Kansas Zip: 66218 Product: Owns a 90.9m litres-a-year ethanol plant in Nebraska; an anaerobic digester generates all the biogas needed to operate...

  4. BioConstruct GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioConstruct GmbH Place: Melle, Lower Saxony, Germany Zip: 49328 Product: Biogas plant turnkey provider also develops and operates...

  5. Thermochemical Conversion - Feedstock Interface, Bio-oils Presentation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Quality and Monitoring * Ft-M: Overall Integration and Scale-Up * Tt-C: Gasification of Biomass * Tt-E: Pyrolyis of Biomass & Bio-Oil Stabilization Budget Total project ...

  6. MHK Technologies/bioSTREAM | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    an oscillating hydrofoil based on the highly efficient propulsion of Thunniform-mode swimming species, such as shark, tuna, and mackerel. The bioSTREAM mimics the shape and motion...

  7. Integrating NABC bio-oil intermediates into the petroleum refinery

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2–D: Working Together: Conventional Refineries and Bio-Oil R&D Technologies Thomas Foust, Director, National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

  8. File:NREL-BioMap.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    File Edit with form History File:NREL-BioMap.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Biomass Power Potential (GW) on Federal Lands by County Size of this...

  9. BioEnergy of America Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    America Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioEnergy of America Inc Address: 30 Executive Avenue Place: Edison, New Jersey Zip: 08817 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area...

  10. US BioEnergy Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: US BioEnergy Corp Place: South Dakota Zip: 57006 Product: Focused on biofuel production. Merged with VeraSun as of 1 April 2008. References:...

  11. Designing catalysts for hydrogen production | Center for Bio...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    catalysts for hydrogen production 12 Oct 2012 Dr. Anne Jones is a Principal Investigator in the Center of Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel production at Arizona State University. Her lab is...

  12. HR BioPetroleum HRBP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    (HRBP) Place: Hawaii Product: Hawaii-based developer of technology to produce marine algae, a biodiesel feedstock. References: HR BioPetroleum (HRBP)1 This article is a stub....

  13. Nova Bio Fuels Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nova Bio Fuels Pvt. Ltd. Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110048 Product: New Delhi-based biofuel project developer. References:...

  14. BIO Diesel Krems GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Krems GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: BIO-Diesel Krems GmbH Place: Krems, Germany Zip: 3500 Product: Operator of a 60m litres Biodiesel Plant. Coordinates: 48.408798,...

  15. Central Bio Energy LLC CBE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    LLC CBE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Bio-Energy, LLC (CBE) Place: Nebraska Product: Nebraska-based project developer, developing three 378.5m litre-per-year ethanol...

  16. Bio-Oil Deployment in the Home Heating Market

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Bio-Oil Deployment in the Home Heating Market March 23, 2015 Dr. Thomas A. Butcher ... and end user acceptance. * Heating oil and diesel transportation both use the same ...

  17. Testing, Evaluation, and Qualification of Bio-Oil for Heating...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Testing, Evaluation, and Qualification of Bio-Oil for Heating March 26, 2015 Dr. Thomas A. ... of 20% of the petroleum-derived heating oil in the Northeast with infrastructure ...

  18. BioClean Energy Brazil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Brazil Place: Luis Eduardo Magalhaes, Bahia, Brazil Zip: 47.850-000 Product: Brazillian biodiesel producer. References: BioClean Energy Brazil1 This article is a stub. You can...

  19. Microfluidic Development Platform for Nanowire-based BioSensor...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Microfluidic packaging is an effort started at CAMD about 8 years ago as part of CAMD's participation in the Center for Bio-ModularMicrofludic Systems (CBM 2 ) and the DARPA ...

  20. Magnolia BioPower LLC MBP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioPower LLC (MBP) Place: Waynesville, Georgia Zip: 31566 Product: Georgia-based wood pellet and biopower producer. 1m tpa plant is due to be completed in 2011. Coordinates:...

  1. USDA BioPreferred Program Public Meeting for Stakeholders

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) BioPreferred® program will host a public meeting for interested stakeholders to discuss the issue of incorporating previously excluded mature market...

  2. Alkaline hydrothermal liquefaction of swine carcasses to bio-oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Ji-Lu Zhu, Ming-Qiang; Wu, Hai-tang

    2015-09-15

    Highlights: • Swine carcasses can be converted to bio-oil by alkaline hydrothermal liquefaction. • It seems that the use of the bio-oil for heat or CHP is technically suitable. • Some valuable chemicals were found in the bio-oils. • The bio-oil and the solid residue constituted an energy efficiency of 93.63% for the feedstock. • The solid residue can be used as a soil amendment, to sequester C and for preparing activated carbon. - Abstract: It is imperative that swine carcasses are disposed of safely, practically and economically. Alkaline hydrothermal liquefaction of swine carcasses to bio-oil was performed. Firstly, the effects of temperature, reaction time and pH value on the yield of each liquefaction product were determined. Secondly, liquefaction products, including bio-oil and solid residue, were characterized. Finally, the energy recovery ratio (ERR), which was defined as the energy of the resultant products compared to the energy input of the material, was investigated. Our experiment shows that reaction time had certain influence on the yield of liquefaction products, but temperature and pH value had bigger influence on the yield of liquefaction products. Yields of 62.2 wt% bio-oil, having a high heating value of 32.35 MJ/kg and a viscosity of 305cp, and 22 wt% solid residue were realized at a liquefaction temperature of 250 °C, a reaction time of 60 min and a pH value of 9.0. The bio-oil contained up to hundreds of different chemical components that may be classified according to functional groups. Typical compound classes in the bio-oil were hydrocarbons, organic acids, esters, ketones and heterocyclics. The energy recovery ratio (ERR) reached 93.63%. The bio-oil is expected to contribute to fossil fuel replacement in stationary applications, including boilers and furnaces, and upgrading processes for the bio-oil may be used to obtain liquid transport fuels.

  3. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (BILIWG) Kick-Off Meeting Proceedings Hilton Garden Inn-BWI,Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006 | Department of Energy (BILIWG) Kick-Off Meeting Proceedings Hilton Garden Inn-BWI,Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Kick-Off Meeting Proceedings Hilton Garden Inn-BWI,Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006 Proceedings from the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  4. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Background Paper | Department of Energy Background Paper Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Background Paper Paper by Arlene Anderson and Tracy Carole presented at the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group, with a focus on key drivers, purpose, and scope. biliwg_nov06_background_paper.pdf (230.97 KB) More Documents & Publications Hydrogen Production Technical Team Roadmap US DRIVE Hydrogen Production Technical Team Roadmap

  5. Advanced Bio-based Jet Fuel | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bio-based Jet Fuel Advanced Bio-based Jet Fuel This is a presentation from the November 27, 2012, Sustainable Alternative Fuels Cost Workshop given by Mary Biddy (NREL). biddy_caafi_workshop.pdf (1.47 MB) More Documents & Publications Review of Recent Pilot Scale Cellulosic Ethanol Demonstration Cross-cutting Technologies for Advanced Biofuels Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Carbohydrates

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - ShanasBioSlides121307

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    BioPreferred SM Making a Difference with Biobased Products Presented by: Shana Y. Love USDA Co-Program Manager * What are biobased products * What is the BioPreferred Program * USDA's Role and Strategy * Reporting and Tracking * What you can do now Topics for Discussion ...commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed) composed wholly or in significant part of biological products including renewable agricultural materials (plant, animal, and marine materials) or forestry materials.

  7. Cost Analysis of Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming (Presentation)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cost Analysis of Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming Brian James Directed Technologies, Inc. 6 November 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Objective * Assess cost of H 2 from bio-derived liquids * Looking at forecourt scale systems: 100-1500kg/day * Emphasis on Ethanol * Looking at both "conventional" and "advanced" systems * Interaction with the Researchers is bi-directional * Researchers help me with

  8. Gas mass transfer for stratified flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffey, R.B.; Hughes, E.D.

    1995-06-01

    We analyzed gas absorption and release in water bodies using existing surface renewal theory. We show a new relation between turbulent momentum and mass transfer from gas to water, including the effects of waves and wave roughness, by evaluating the equilibrium integral turbulent dissipation due to energy transfer to the water from the wind. Using Kolmogoroff turbulence arguments the gas transfer velocity, or mass transfer coefficient, is then naturally and straightforwardly obtained as a non-linear function of the wind speed drag coefficient and the square root of the molecular diffusion coefficient. In dimensionless form, the theory predicts the turbulent Sherwood number to be Sh{sub t} = (2/{radical}{pi})Sc{sup 1/2}, where Sh{sub t} is based on an integral dissipation length scale in the air. The theory confirms the observed nonlinear variation of the mass transfer coefficient as a function of the wind speed; gives the correct transition with turbulence-centered models for smooth surfaces at low speeds; and predicts experimental data from both laboratory and environmental measurements within the data scatter. The differences between the available laboratory and field data measurements are due to the large differences in the drag coefficient between wind tunnels and oceans. The results also imply that the effect of direct aeration due to bubble entrainment at wave breaking is no more than a 20% increase in the mass transfer for the highest speeds. The theory has importance to mass transfer in both the geo-physical and chemical engineering literature.

  9. Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (Presentation) | Department of Energy Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation) Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland. 08_osu_bio-ethanol_steam_reforming.pdf (6.45 MB) More Documents & Publications Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming

  10. MASS SPECTROMETRY

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nier, A.O.C.

    1959-08-25

    A voltage switching apparatus is described for use with a mass spectrometer in the concentratron analysis of several components of a gas mixture. The system automatically varies the voltage on the accelerating electrode of the mass spectrometer through a program of voltages which corresponds to the particular gas components under analysis. Automatic operation may be discontinued at any time to permit the operator to manually select any desired predetermined accelerating voltage. Further, the system may be manually adjusted to vary the accelerating voltage over a wide range.

  11. Quark Masses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gasser, Juerg

    2005-10-26

    In my talk, I reviewed some basic aspects of quark masses: what do they mean, how can they be determined, what is our present knowledge on them. The talk was addressed to non specialists in the field, and so is this write up.

  12. The Treatment of Mixed Waste with GeoMelt In-Container Vitrification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finucane, K.G.; Campbell, B.E.

    2006-07-01

    AMEC's GeoMelt{sup R} In-Container Vitrification (ICV){sup TM} has been used to treat diverse types of mixed low-level radioactive waste. ICV is effective in the treatment of mixed wastes containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and other semi-volatile organic compounds, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and heavy metals. The GeoMelt vitrification process destroys organic compounds and immobilizes metals and radionuclides in an extremely durable glass waste form. The process is flexible allowing for treatment of aqueous, oily, and solid mixed waste, including contaminated soil. In 2004, ICV was used to treat mixed radioactive waste sludge containing PCBs generated from a commercial cleanup project regulated by the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), and to treat contaminated soil from Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. The Rocky Flats soil contained cadmium, PCBs, and depleted uranium. In 2005, AMEC completed a treatability demonstration of the ICV technology on Mock High Explosive from Sandia National Laboratories. This paper summarizes results from these mixed waste treatment projects. (authors)

  13. A new Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) experiment designed for climate and chemistry models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tilmes, S.; Mills, Mike; Niemeier, Ulrike; Schmidt, Hauke; Robock, Alan; Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Lamarque, J. F.; Pitari, G.; English, J. M.

    2015-01-15

    A new Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) experiment "G4 specified stratospheric aerosols" (short name: G4SSA) is proposed to investigate the impact of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering on atmosphere, chemistry, dynamics, climate, and the environment. In contrast to the earlier G4 GeoMIP experiment, which requires an emission of sulfur dioxide (SO₂) into the model, a prescribed aerosol forcing file is provided to the community, to be consistently applied to future model experiments between 2020 and 2100. This stratospheric aerosol distribution, with a total burden of about 2 Tg S has been derived using the ECHAM5-HAM microphysical model, based on a continuous annual tropical emission of 8 Tg SO₂ yr⁻¹. A ramp-up of geoengineering in 2020 and a ramp-down in 2070 over a period of 2 years are included in the distribution, while a background aerosol burden should be used for the last 3 decades of the experiment. The performance of this experiment using climate and chemistry models in a multi-model comparison framework will allow us to better understand the impact of geoengineering and its abrupt termination after 50 years in a changing environment. The zonal and monthly mean stratospheric aerosol input data set is available at https://www2.acd.ucar.edu/gcm/geomip-g4-specified-stratospheric-aerosol-data-set.

  14. A new Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) experiment designed for climate and chemistry models

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Tilmes, S.; Mills, Mike; Niemeier, Ulrike; Schmidt, Hauke; Robock, Alan; Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Lamarque, J. F.; Pitari, G.; English, J. M.

    2015-01-15

    A new Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) experiment "G4 specified stratospheric aerosols" (short name: G4SSA) is proposed to investigate the impact of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering on atmosphere, chemistry, dynamics, climate, and the environment. In contrast to the earlier G4 GeoMIP experiment, which requires an emission of sulfur dioxide (SO₂) into the model, a prescribed aerosol forcing file is provided to the community, to be consistently applied to future model experiments between 2020 and 2100. This stratospheric aerosol distribution, with a total burden of about 2 Tg S has been derived using the ECHAM5-HAM microphysical model, based on a continuous annualmore » tropical emission of 8 Tg SO₂ yr⁻¹. A ramp-up of geoengineering in 2020 and a ramp-down in 2070 over a period of 2 years are included in the distribution, while a background aerosol burden should be used for the last 3 decades of the experiment. The performance of this experiment using climate and chemistry models in a multi-model comparison framework will allow us to better understand the impact of geoengineering and its abrupt termination after 50 years in a changing environment. The zonal and monthly mean stratospheric aerosol input data set is available at https://www2.acd.ucar.edu/gcm/geomip-g4-specified-stratospheric-aerosol-data-set.« less

  15. Hydroprocessing Bio-oil and Products Separation for Coke Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Hart, Todd R.

    2013-04-01

    Fast pyrolysis of biomass can be used to produce a raw bio-oil product, which can be upgraded by catalytic hydroprocessing to hydrocarbon liquid products. In this study the upgraded products were distilled to recover light naphtha and oils and to produce a distillation resid with useful properties for coker processing and production of renewable, low-sulfur electrode carbon. For this hydroprocessing work, phase separation of the bio-oil was applied as a preparatory step to concentrate the heavier, more phenolic components thus generating a more amenable feedstock for resid production. Low residual oxygen content products were produced by continuous-flow, catalytic hydroprocessing of the phase separated bio-oil.

  16. Catalytic Hydrogenation of Bio-Oil for Chemicals and Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.

    2006-02-14

    The scope of work includes optimizing processing conditions and demonstrating catalyst lifetime for catalyst formulations that are readily scaleable to commercial operations. We use a bench-scale, continuous-flow, packed-bed, catalytic, tubular reactor, which can be operated in the range of 100-400 mL/hr., from 50-400 C and up to 20MPa (see Figure 1). With this unit we produce upgraded bio-oil from whole bio-oil or useful bio-oil fractions, specifically pyrolytic lignin. The product oils are fractionated, for example by distillation, for recovery of chemical product streams. Other products from our tests have been used in further testing in petroleum refining technology at UOP and fractionation for product recovery in our own lab. Further scale-up of the technology is envisioned and we will carry out or support process design efforts with industrial partners, such as UOP.

  17. MASS SPECTROMETRY

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Friedman, L.

    1962-01-01

    method is described for operating a mass spectrometer to improve its resolution qualities and to extend its period of use substantially between cleanings. In this method, a small amount of a beta emitting gas such as hydrogen titride or carbon-14 methane is added to the sample being supplied to the spectrometer for investigation. The additive establishes leakage paths on the surface of the non-conducting film accumulating within the vacuum chamber of the spectrometer, thereby reducing the effect of an accumulated static charge on the electrostatic and magnetic fields established within the instrument. (AEC)

  18. Signature of a polyamorphic transition in the THz spectrum of vitreous GeO2

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Cunsolo, Alessandro; Li, Yan; Kodituwakku, Chaminda N.; Wang, Shibing; Antonangeli, Daniele; Bencivenga, Filippo; Battistoni, Andrea; Verbeni, Roberto; Tsutsui, Satoshi; Baron, Alfred Q. R.; et al

    2015-10-13

    The THz spectrum of density fluctuations, S(Q, ω), of vitreous GeO2 at ambient temperature was measured by inelastic x-ray scattering from ambient pressure up to pressures well beyond that of the known α-quartz to rutile polyamorphic (PA) transition. We observe significant differences in the spectral shape measured below and above the PA transition, in particular, in the 30–80 meV range. Guided by first-principle lattice dynamics calculations, we interpret the changes in the phonon dispersion as the evolution from a quartz-like to a rutile-like coordination. Notably, such a crossover is accompanied by a cusp-like behavior in the pressure dependence of themore » elastic response of the system. Altogether, the presented results highlight the complex fingerprint of PA phenomena on the high-frequency phonon dispersion.« less

  19. Overview of direct use R&D at the Geo-Heat Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lienau, P.J.

    1997-12-31

    Geo-Heat Center research, during the past year, on geothermal district heating and greenhouse projects is intended to improve the design and cost effectiveness of these systems. The largest geothermal district heating system in the U.S., proposed at Reno, is describe and is one of 271 collocated sites in western states could benefit from the research. The geothermal district heating research investigated a variety of factors that could reduce development cost for residential areas. Many greenhouse operators prefer the {open_quotes}bare tube{close_quotes} type heating system. As facilities using these types of heating systems expand they could benefit from peaking with fossil fuels. It is possible to design a geothermal heating system for only 60% of the peak heat loss of a greenhouse and still meet over 90% of the annual heat energy needs of the structure. The design and cost effectiveness of this novel approach is summarized.

  20. Joint BioEnergy Institute Oxime-NIMS Work Featured on the Cover...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BioEnergy Institute Oxime-NIMS Work Featured on the Cover of ACS Chemical Biology - Sandia ... Joint BioEnergy Institute Oxime-NIMS Work Featured on the Cover of ACS Chemical Biology ...

  1. DuPont's Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DuPont's Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise DuPont's Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise Plenary I: Progress in Advanced ...

  2. StrBioLib: a Java library for development of custom computationalstruc...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    StrBioLib: a Java library for development of custom computationalstructural biology applications Citation Details In-Document Search Title: StrBioLib: a Java library for ...

  3. Arashi Hi Tech Bio Power Pvt Ltd AHBPPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Arashi Hi Tech Bio Power Pvt Ltd AHBPPL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Arashi Hi-Tech Bio-Power Pvt. Ltd. (AHBPPL) Place: Tamil Nadu, India Sector: Biomass Product: Tamil...

  4. Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming Over Co-Based Catalysts Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol Steam ...

  5. EERE Success Story-Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum EERE Success Story-Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum April 9, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis W.R. Grace, a leading provider of refining ...

  6. Optimizing Co-Processing of Bio-Oil in Refinery Unit Operations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Optimizing Co-Processing of Bio-Oil in Refinery Unit Operations Using a Davison Circulating Riser (DCR) 2.4.2.402 March 25, 2015 Bio-Oil Technology Area Alan Zacher Pacific ...

  7. BioEnergie Park Soesetal GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    BioEnergie Park Soesetal GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: BioEnergie-Park Soesetal GmbH Place: Osterode, Lower Saxony, Germany Zip: 37520 Sector: Biomass Product: Lower...

  8. Research, Development and Demonstration of Bio-Mass Boiler for Food Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, Steve; Knapp, David

    2012-07-01

    Frito-Lay is working to reduce carbon emissions from their manufacturing plants. As part of this effort, they invested in a biomass-fired boiler at the Topeka, Kansas, plant. Frito-Lay partnered with Burns & McDonnell Engineering, Inc. and CPL Systems, Inc., to design and construct a steam producing boiler using carbon neutral fuels such as wood wastes (e.g. tree bark), shipping pallets, and used rubber vehicle tires. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) joined with Frito-Lay, Burns & McDonnell, and CPL to analyze the reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions that result from use of biomass-fired boilers in the food manufacturing environment. DOE support provided for the data collection and analysis, and reporting necessary to evaluate boiler efficiencies and reductions in CO2 emissions. The Frito-Lay biomass-fired boiler has resulted in significant reductions in CO2 emissions from the Topeka production facility. The use of natural gas has been reduced by 400 to 420 million standard cubic feet per year with corresponding reductions of 24,000 to 25,000 tons of CO2. The boiler does require auxiliary functions, however, that are unnecessary for a gas-fired boiler. These include heavy motors and fans for moving fuel and firing the boiler, trucks and equipment for delivering the fuel and moving at the boiler plant, and chippers for preparing the fuel prior to delivery. Each of these operations requires the combustion of fossil fuels or electricity and has associated CO2 emissions. Even after accounting for each of these auxiliary processes, however, the biomass-fired boiler results in net emission reductions of 22,500 to 23,500 tons of CO2 per year.

  9. THE PRODUCTION OF SYNGAS VIA HIGH TEMPERATURE ELECTROLYSIS AND BIO-MASS GASIFICATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. G. McKellar; G. L. Hawkes; J. E. O'Brien

    2008-11-01

    A process model of syngas production using high temperature electrolysis and biomass gasification is presented. Process heat from the biomass gasifier is used to improve the hydrogen production efficiency of the steam electrolysis process. Hydrogen from electrolysis allows a high utilization of the biomass carbon for syngas production. Based on the gasifier temperature, 94% to 95% of the carbon in the biomass becomes carbon monoxide in the syngas (carbon dioxide and hydrogen). Assuming the thermal efficiency of the power cycle for electricity generation is 50%, (as expected from GEN IV nuclear reactors), the syngas production efficiency ranges from 70% to 73% as the gasifier temperature decreases from 1900 K to 1500 K.

  10. Enabling the Bioeconomy: The Agile BioFoundry | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the Bioeconomy: The Agile BioFoundry Enabling the Bioeconomy: The Agile BioFoundry Breakout Session 1C: Synbio and Accelerating Bioenergy Innovation Enabling the Bioeconomy: The Agile BioFoundry Blake Simmons, Chief Science & Technology Officer and Vice President for Deconstruction, Joint BioEnergy Institute simmons_bioenergy_2016.pdf (2.58 MB) More Documents & Publications Chemicals from Biomass: A Market Assessment of Bioproducts with Near-Term Potential Federal Activities Report on

  11. New Technology for Hydroprocessing Bio-oils to Fuels Presentation for BETO 2015 Project Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    New Technology for Hydroprocessing Bio- oils to Fuels March 25, 2015 Bio-Oil Technology Area Steve Schmidt W. R. Grace Alan Zacher Pacific Northwest National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Goal Statement Goal: For hydrotreating bio-oils to fuel, demonstrate Improved stability catalyst for the severe environment of hydrotreating Ebullated bed reactor to address the complexity of bio-oil conversion 2 "Increased

  12. Hydrogen Production via Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Production via Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids Hydrogen Production via Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids Presentation by Yong Wang and David King at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting. biliwg06_wang_pnnl.pdf (841.57 KB) More Documents & Publications Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG), Hydrogen Separation and Purification Working Group (PURIWG) & Hydrogen Production

  13. Bios for 2016-2017 ESLG Cohort Participants | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bios for 2016-2017 ESLG Cohort Participants Bios for 2016-2017 ESLG Cohort Participants ESLG Cohort Bios.pdf (655.89 KB) More Documents & Publications ELECTRICITY ADVISORY COMMITTEE (EAC) 2016-2017 MEMBERSHIP ROSTER: AUGUST 8, 2016 2016 Sustainable Transportation Summit Speaker Biographies Biosketches of Speakers - P&RA CoP December 2014 Technical Exchange Meeting GMI Home

  14. Magneto-Optic Biosensor Using Bio-Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles |

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne National Laboratory Magneto-Optic Biosensor Using Bio-Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles Technology available for licensing: A long-range interaction between magnetic nanoparticles and an external magnetic field enables manipulation and sensitive detection of those particles for improved biosensors. More cost-effective than existing technologies Enables more rapid and sensitive detection PDF icon magneto-optic_biosensor

  15. BioRAM Lite v.1.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2010-08-05

    BioRAM lite is a training tool for teaching the processes which should be using in assessing biosafety and biosecurity risks. The tool includes 4 separate workbooks – two for biosafety and two for biosecurity. The tools include a set of questions which are scored using ordinal values and the mathematical equations to combine the answers into likelihood and consequence values.

  16. MEGA-BIO: Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels FOA Informational Webinar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    MEGA-BIO: Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Informational Webinar will be held Tuesday, Feb. 16, 3:00 p.m.-4:00 p.m. ET. Standard application questions regarding the EERE Office and FOA procedures will be discussed. A recording of the webinar will be posted on the EERE Exchange Website.

  17. SRS 2010 Vegetation Inventory GeoStatistical Mapping Results for Custom Reaction Intensity and Total Dead Fuels.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Lloyd A.; Paresol, Bernard

    2014-09-01

    This report of the geostatistical analysis results of the fire fuels response variables, custom reaction intensity and total dead fuels is but a part of an SRS 2010 vegetation inventory project. For detailed description of project, theory and background including sample design, methods, and results please refer to USDA Forest Service Savannah River Site internal report “SRS 2010 Vegetation Inventory GeoStatistical Mapping Report”, (Edwards & Parresol 2013).

  18. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (BILIWG), Hydrogen Separation and Purification Working Group (PURIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team | Department of Energy Working Group (BILIWG), Hydrogen Separation and Purification Working Group (PURIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG), Hydrogen Separation and Purification Working Group (PURIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team 2007 Annual and Merit Review Reports compiled for the

  19. Muon Application to Advanced Bio- and Nano-Sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagamine, Kanetada

    2008-02-21

    Among present and future applications of the muon to various fields of sciences, there are several examples where research accomplishments can only be done by using muons. Here we would like to explain the selected two examples representing bio- and nano-sciences, namely, muon spin imaging of human brain for new brain function studies and muonium spin-exchange scattering spectroscopy for the development of spintronics materials.

  20. Contact information | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact information Center Objective The Science Center Publications Graduate Research opportunities Undergraduate research opportunities EFRC-501 graduate class Seminar schedules Director of the Center, Professor Devens Gust: Email: dgust@asu.edu Phone: (480) 965-4547 Fax: (480) 965-5927 Manager, Dr. Alex Melkozernov: Email: alexander.melkozernov@asu.edu Phone: (480) 965-1548 Fax: (480) 965-5927 Mailing address (US mail): Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production Arizona State University

  1. Mission | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Center Objective The Science Center Publications Graduate Research opportunities Undergraduate research opportunities EFRC-501 graduate class Seminar schedules Mission The Mission of the Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production (BISfuel) is to construct a complete system for solar-powered production of fuels such as hydrogen via water splitting. Design principles will be drawn from the fundamental concepts that underlie photosynthetic energy conversion. A major challenge Center for

  2. Enabling the Bioeconomy: The Agile BioFoundry

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the Bioeconmy: The Agile BioFoundry Bioenergy 2016 Blake Simmons July 13, 2016 U.S. bioeconomy is estimated at ~$250B/yr and expected to grow significantly over the next decade Mobilizing and valorizing this resource through biomanufacturing could rapidly expand the U.S. bioeconomy The U.S. has ~billion tons of renewable biomass available annually that is a strategic national resource for the bioeconomy Biomanufacturing remains nascent in terms of robustness, scale and standardization The

  3. New York Nano-Bio Molecular Information Technology (NYNBIT) Incubator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Digendra K

    2008-12-19

    This project presents the outcome of an effort made by a consortium of six universities in the State of New York to develop a Center for Advanced technology (CAT) in the emerging field of Nano-Bio-Molecular Information Technology. The effort consists of activities such as organization of the NYNBIT incubator, collaborative research projects, development of courses, an educational program for high schools, and commercial start-up programs.

  4. A Bio-Based Fuel Cell for Distributed Energy Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anthony Terrinoni; Sean Gifford

    2008-06-30

    The technology we propose consists primarily of an improved design for increasing the energy density of a certain class of bio-fuel cell (BFC). The BFCs we consider are those which harvest electrons produced by microorganisms during their metabolism of organic substrates (e.g. glucose, acetate). We estimate that our technology will significantly enhance power production (per unit volume) of these BFCs, to the point where they could be employed as stand-alone systems for distributed energy generation.

  5. High-Speed, Stereoselective Polymerization for Renewable, Bio-Derived

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plastics - Energy Innovation Portal Industrial Technologies Industrial Technologies Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search High-Speed, Stereoselective Polymerization for Renewable, Bio-Derived Plastics Colorado State University Contact CSU About This Technology Publications: PDF Document Publication Bioplastic Market Summary.pdf (263 KB) PDF Document Publication 12-008 12-035 csuv_ncs.pdf (272 KB) PDF Document

  6. BioRenewable Chemicals and Solvents - Energy Innovation Portal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Industrial Technologies Industrial Technologies Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search BioRenewable Chemicals and Solvents National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contact NREL About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryAs a spin-off of NREL's long history of renewable energy research, alternatives to chemicals and solvents have been developed from renewable feedstocks. Traditionally, household and industrial chemicals and solvents are made from the limited

  7. Center for BioBased Binders and Pollution Reduction Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thiel, Jerry

    2013-07-01

    Funding will support the continuation of the Center for Advanced Bio-based Binders and Pollution Reduction Technology Center (CABB) in the development of bio-based polymers and emission reduction technologies for the metal casting industry. Since the formation of the center several new polymers based on agricultural materials have been developed. These new materials have show decreases in hazardous air pollutants, phenol and formaldehyde as much as 50 to 80% respectively. The polymers termed bio-polymers show a great potential to utilize current renewable agricultural resources to replace petroleum based products and reduce our dependence on importing of foreign oil. The agricultural technology has shown drastic reductions in the emission of hazardous air pollutants and volatile organic compounds and requires further development to maintain competitive costs and productivity. The project will also research new and improved inorganic binders that promise to eliminate hazardous emissions from foundry casting operations and allow for the beneficial reuse of the materials and avoiding the burdening of overcrowded landfills.

  8. Production of hydrogen, liquid fuels, and chemicals from catalytic processing of bio-oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Huber, George W; Vispute, Tushar P; Routray, Kamalakanta

    2014-06-03

    Disclosed herein is a method of generating hydrogen from a bio-oil, comprising hydrogenating a water-soluble fraction of the bio-oil with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst, and reforming the water-soluble fraction by aqueous-phase reforming in the presence of a reforming catalyst, wherein hydrogen is generated by the reforming, and the amount of hydrogen generated is greater than that consumed by the hydrogenating. The method can further comprise hydrocracking or hydrotreating a lignin fraction of the bio-oil with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrocracking catalyst wherein the lignin fraction of bio-oil is obtained as a water-insoluble fraction from aqueous extraction of bio-oil. The hydrogen used in the hydrogenating and in the hydrocracking or hydrotreating can be generated by reforming the water-soluble fraction of bio-oil.

  9. Canted Undulator Upgrade for GeoSoilEnviroCARS Sector 13 at the Advanced Photon Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutton, Stephen

    2013-02-02

    Support for the beamline component of the canted undulator upgrade of Sector 13 (GeoSoilEnviroCARS; managed and operated by the University of Chicago) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS; Argonne National Laboratory) was received from three agencies (equally divided): NASA-SRLIDAP (now LARS), NSF-EAR-IF (ARRA) and DOE-Single Investigator Small Group (SISGR). The associated accelerator components (undulators, canted front end) were provided by the APS using DOE-ARRA funding. The intellectual merit of the research enabled by the upgrade lies in advancing our knowledge of the composition, structure and properties of earth materials; the processes they control; and the processes that produce them. The upgrade will facilitate scientific advances in the following areas: high pressure mineral physics and chemistry, non-crystalline and nano-crystalline materials at high pressure, chemistry of hydrothermal fluids, reactions at mineral-water interfaces, biogeochemistry, oxidation states of magmas, flow dynamics of fluids and solids, and cosmochemistry. The upgrade, allowing the microprobe to operate 100% of the time and the high pressure and surface scattering and spectroscopy instruments to receive beam time increases, will facilitate much more efficient use of the substantial investment in these instruments. The broad scientific community will benefit by the increase in the number of scientists who conduct cutting-edge research at GSECARS. The user program in stations 13ID-C (interface scattering) and 13ID-D (laser heated diamond anvil cell and large volume press) recommenced in June 2012. The operation of the 13ID-E microprobe station began in the Fall 2012 cycle (Oct.-Dec 2012). The upgraded canted beamlines double the amount of undulator beam time at Sector 13 and provide new capabilities including extended operations of the X-ray microprobe down to the sulfur K edge and enhanced brightness at high energy. The availability of the upgraded beamlines will advance the

  10. Dynamometer testing of the U.S. Electricar Geo Prizm conversion electric vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richardson, R.A.; Yarger, E.J.; Cole, G.H.

    1996-04-01

    A Geo Prizm electric vehicle conversion by U.S. Electricar was tested in the INEL HEV Laboratory over several standard driving regimes. The vehicle, owned by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP), was loaned to the INEL for performance testing under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The Prizm conversion is the fourth vehicle in the planned test series. A summary of the test results is presented as Table ES-1. For the LA-92 and the Highway Fuel Economy Test cycles, the driving cycle ranges were 71 and 95 km, respectively. The net DC energy consumption during these cycles was measured at 199 and 154 W-h/km, respectively. During the constant-current-discharge test, the vehicle was driven 150 km at an average steady speed of 43 km/h. Energy consumption at various steady-state speeds, averaged over two tests, was approximately 108 W-h/km at 40 km/hr and 175 W-h/km at 96 km/h at 80T state-of-charge (SOC). Gradeability-at-speed tests indicated that the vehicle can be driven at 80 km/h up a simulated 5% grade for periods up to 15 minutes beginning at an initial 100% SOC, and 3 minutes beginning at 80% battery depth-of-discharge (DOD). Maximum-effort vehicle acceleration times were determined at five different battery DODs and speeds from 24 to 104 km/h. The acceleration is approximately linear up to 48 km/h, with no DOD effect; at higher speeds the curve becomes non-linear, and the effect of DOD becomes increasingly evident. Gradeability at each of these speeds was also determined, showing a decrease from the initial 26% at 24 km/h to 4% at 104 km/h.

  11. International environmental justice: Geo-political implications of the Basel agreement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Padgett, D.

    1995-12-01

    The 1994 Basel Convention concluded with a historical agreement to immediately ban the export of hazardous wastes for disposal from member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to non-OECD nations. The OECD nations account for approximately 98 percent of the world`s toxic waste generation. As of December 31, 1997, exports of wastes for recycling will be illegal. For many years, industrialized nations have shipped hazardous wastes to developing nations under the guise of recycling. The ban will make 90 percent of current shipments unlawful. The United States was among the industrialized OCED nations declining to partake in the agreement. In March 1994, the Waste Export and Import Control Act was introduced to Congress by a concerned coalition of Representatives. The bill would ban all exports of toxic wastes except to those nations. Critics have argued that the nature of the Agreement makes it unenforceable under certain conditions. Applied geographical techniques are employed to reveal regions where the effectiveness of the waste ban may be challenged. Formulas are developed to determine the cost-benefit ratio for non-OECD nations involved in significant levels of toxic waste trade. Political and historical analyses are applied in order to clarify the U.S. opposition to the ban. A list of predictions is offered with the future of hazardous waste transhipments within the context of the world`s ever-changing geo-political sphere. Suggestions for improving the effectiveness and enforceability of the Basel Agreement are offered for discussion.

  12. Catalytic Upgrading of bio-oil using 1-octene and 1-butanol over sulfonic acid resin catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Zhijun; Wang, Qingwen; Tripathi, Prabhat; Pittman, Charles U.

    2011-02-04

    Raw bio-oil from fast pyrolysis of biomass must be refined before it can be used as a transporation fuel, a petroleum refinery feed or for many other fuel uses. Raw bio-oil was upgraded with the neat model olefin, 1-octene, and with 1-octene/1-butanol mixtures over sulfonic acid resin catalysts frin 80 to 150 degrees celisus in order to simultaneously lower water content and acidity and to increase hydrophobicity and heating value. Phase separation and coke formation were key factors limiting the reaction rate during upgrading with neat 1-octene although octanols were formed by 1-octene hydration along with small amounts of octyl acetates and ethers. GC-MS analysis confirmed that olefin hydration, carboxylic acid esterification, acetal formation from aldehydes and ketones and O- and C-alkylations of phenolic compounds occurred simultaneously during upgrading with 1-octene/1-butanol mixtures. Addition of 1-butanol increased olefin conversion dramatically be reducing mass transfer restraints and serving as a cosolvent or emulsifying agent. It also reacted with carboxylic acids and aldehydes/ketones to form esters, and acetals, respectively, while also serving to stabilize bio-oil during heating. 1-Butanol addition also protected the catalysts, increasing catalyst lifetime and reducing or eliminationg coking. Upgrading sharply increased ester content and decreased the amounts of levoglucosan, polyhydric alcohols and organic acids. Upgrading lowered acidity (pH value rise from 2.5 to >3.0), removed the uppleasant ordor and increased hydrocarbon solubility. Water content decreased from 37.2% to < 7.5% dramatically and calorific value increased from 12.6 MJ kg to about 30.0 MJ kg.

  13. Bio-oil Upgrading with Novel Low Cost Catalysts Presentation for BETO 2015 Project Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) 2015 Project Peer Review Bio-oil Upgrading with Novel Low Cost Catalysts March 24, 2015 Bio-oil Technology Area Review Jae-Soon Choi Oak Ridge National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information 2 Goal Statement * Develop novel catalysts effective for bio-oil intermediate upgrading that are less expensive and more durable than the state of technology (SOT) Thermochemical conversion

  14. BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    (Presentation) | Department of Energy High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland. 07_anl_high_pressure_steam_ethanol_reforming.pdf (577.41 KB) More Documents & Publications High Pressure Ethanol Reforming for Distributed Hydrogen Production

  15. Center for Bio-Inspired Energy Science (CBES) | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    (SC) Bio-Inspired Energy Science (CBES) Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications History Contact BES Home Centers Center for Bio-Inspired Energy Science (CBES) Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page CBES Header Director Samuel Stupp Lead Institution Northwestern University Year Established 2009 Mission To discover and develop bio-inspired systems that reveal new connections between energy

  16. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Meeting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    - November 2007 | Department of Energy Meeting - November 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Meeting - November 2007 The Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group participated in a Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review on November 6, 2007. The meeting provided the opportunity for researchers to share their experiences in converting bio-derived liquids to hydrogen with members of the Department of Energy Hydrogen

  17. Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol Steam

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Reforming Over Co-Based Catalysts | Department of Energy Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming Over Co-Based Catalysts Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming Over Co-Based Catalysts Paper by Umit S. Ozkan, Hua Song, and Lingzhi Zhang (Ohio State University) on the fundamental understanding of reaction networks, active sites of deactivation mechanisms of potential bio-ethanol steam reforming catalysts.

  18. Ultra High Mass Range Mass Spectrometer System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reilly, Peter T. A. [Knoxville, TN

    2005-12-06

    Applicant's present invention comprises mass spectrometer systems that operate in a mass range from 1 to 10.sup.16 DA. The mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system comprising an aerodynamic lens system, a reverse jet being a gas flux generated in an annulus moving in a reverse direction and a multipole ion guide; a digital ion trap; and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises a quadrupole mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system having a quadrupole mass filter and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises an inlet system for use with a mass spectrometer system, a method for slowing energetic particles using an inlet system. Applicant's present invention also comprises a detector device and a method for detecting high mass charged particles.

  19. About the Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production | Center...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    About the Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production Center Objective The Science Center ... drawn from the fundamental concepts that underlie photosynthetic energy conversion. ...

  20. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed ...

  1. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-428 BioUrja Power,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    LLC | Department of Energy LLC Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-428 BioUrja Power, LLC Application from BioUrja to export electric energy to Mexico. EA-428 BioUrja Power (MX).pdf (198.93 KB) More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-428 BioUrja Power, LLC: Federal Register Notice, Volume 81, No. 186 - Sept. 26, 2016 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-401 Lonestar Power Marketing LLC Application to Export

  2. T-598: Apache Tomcat HTTP BIO Connector Error Discloses Information From Different Requests to Remote Users

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    When using HTTP pipelining, the system may return information from a different request to a remote user. The vulnerability resides in the HTTP BIO connector.

  3. Miscible, multi-component, diesel fuels and methods of bio-oil transformation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adams, Thomas; Garcia, Manuel; Geller, Dan; Goodrum, John W.; Pendergrass, Joshua T.

    2010-10-26

    Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure include methods of recovering bio-oil products, fuels, diesel fuels, and the like are disclosed.

  4. Nanomaterials for bio-functionalized electrodes: recent trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walcarius, Alain; Minteer, Shelley D.; Wang, Joseph; Lin, Yuehe; Merkoci, Arben

    2013-09-10

    This review intends to highlight the interest of nanomaterials for building biologically-modified electrodes. Rather than giving a comprehensive overview of the topic, the present work intends to give a flavour on the most exciting achievements and most recent approaches to get (and use) nanostructured electrode surfaces (or electrodes modified with nano-objects) comprising biomolecules. It will mainly consider nano-engineered functional polymers, nano-sized objects such as nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, graphene or related materials, as well as template-based nanostructures, as modifiers for bio-functionalised electrodes.

  5. Guidance For Preparatioon of Basis For Interim Operation (BIO) Documents

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3011-2002 December 2002 Superceding DOE-STD-3011-94 November 1994 DOE STANDARD GUIDANCE FOR PREPARATION OF BASIS FOR INTERIM OPERATION (BIO) DOCUMENTS U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-3011-2002 ii This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S.

  6. The Hydrological Impact of Geoengineering in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tilmes, S.; Fasullo, John; Lamarque, J.-F.; Marsh, D.; Mills, Mike; Alterskjaer, Kari; Muri, Helene O.; Kristjansson, Jon E.; Boucher, Olivier; Schulz, M.; Cole, Jason N.; Curry, Charles L.; Jones, A.; Haywood, J.; Irvine, Peter; Ji, Duoying; Moore, John; Bou Karam, Diana; Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Rasch, Philip J.; Singh, Balwinder; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Niemeier, Ulrike; Schmidt, Hauke; Robock, Alan; Yang, Shuting; Watanabe, Shingo

    2013-10-14

    Abstract: The hydrologic impact of enhancing Earth’s albedo due to solar radiation management (SRM) is investigated using simulations from 12 models contributing to the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). An artificial experiment is investigated, where global mean temperature is preserved at pre-industrial conditions, while atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are quadrupled. The associated reduction of downwelling surface solar radiation in a high CO2 environment leads to a reduction of global evaporation of 10% and 4% and precipitation of 6.1% and 6.3% over land and ocean, respectively. An initial reduction of latent heat flux at the surface is largely driven by reduced evapotranspiration over land with instantly increasing CO2 concentrations in both experiments. A warming surface associated with the transient adjustment in the 4xCO2 experiment further generates an increase of global precipitation, with considerable regional changes, such as a significant precipitation reduction of 7% for the North American summer monsoon. Reduced global precipitation persists in the geoengineered experiment where temperatures are stabilized, with considerable regional rainfall deficits. Precipitation reductions that are consistent in sign across models are identified in the geoengineered experiment over monsoonal land regions of East Asia (6%), North America (7%), South America (6%) and South Africa (5%). In contrast to the 4xCO2 experiment, where the frequency of months with heavy precipitation intensity is increased by over 50%, it is reduced by up to 20% in the geoengineering scenario . The reduction in heavy precipitation is more pronounced over land than over the ocean, and accompanies a stronger reduction in evaporation over land. For northern mid-latitudes, maximum precipitation reduction over land ranges from 1 to 16% for individual models. For 45-65°N, the frequency of median to high intensity precipitation in summer is strongly reduced. These

  7. Mass spectrometric immunoassay

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, Randall W.; Williams, Peter; Krone, Jennifer Reeve

    2005-12-13

    Rapid mass spectrometric immunoassay methods for detecting and/or quantifying antibody and antigen analytes utilizing affinity capture to isolate the analytes and internal reference species (for quantification) followed by mass spectrometric analysis of the isolated analyte/internal reference species. Quantification is obtained by normalizing and calibrating obtained mass spectrum against the mass spectrum obtained for an antibody/antigen of known concentration.

  8. Mass spectrometric immunoassay

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, Randall W; Williams, Peter; Krone, Jennifer Reeve

    2013-07-16

    Rapid mass spectrometric immunoassay methods for detecting and/or quantifying antibody and antigen analytes utilizing affinity capture to isolate the analytes and internal reference species (for quantification) followed by mass spectrometric analysis of the isolated analyte/internal reference species. Quantification is obtained by normalizing and calibrating obtained mass spectrum against the mass spectrum obtained for an antibody/antigen of known concentration.

  9. Mass spectrometric immunoassay

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, Randall W; Williams, Peter; Krone, Jennifer Reeve

    2007-12-04

    Rapid mass spectrometric immunoassay methods for detecting and/or quantifying antibody and antigen analytes utilizing affinity capture to isolate the analytes and internal reference species (for quantification) followed by mass spectrometric analysis of the isolated analyte/internal reference species. Quantification is obtained by normalizing and calibrating obtained mass spectrum against the mass spectrum obtained for an antibody/antigen of known concentration.

  10. Power from bio-sources in Italy incentives and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerardi, V.; Ricci, A.; Scoditti, E.

    1996-12-31

    In Italy most of the technologies for producing power from bio-sources, as well as from other non-conventional renewable Energy Sources (RES), are rather mature, but their exploitation is still not completely convenient from the economic point of view. It depends on many factors, such as designing of plants, selection of energy conversion system and components, selection of installation site, size of market still too limited, high production costs of the technologies and lack of adequate financial supports. In the early nineties, in the attempt to overcome this situation, the Italian Government issued a series of measures addressed mainly to the power production from RES. This gives a short description of the regulations in force and some details about an important incentive tool (CIP 6/92 and relative decrees) for RES power plants installation. In particular, it indicates the possible power plant typologies, the criteria to assimilate the fossil fuel plants to RES ones, the present prices of electricity transferred into the grid and the methodology for updating the prices. Furthermore, the paper gives some data concerning submitted proposals, plant operation planning and their geographic distribution according to different bio-sources typologies.

  11. Bio-Inspired Cyber Security for Smart Grid Deployments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinnon, Archibald D.; Thompson, Seth R.; Doroshchuk, Ruslan A.; Fink, Glenn A.; Fulp, Errin W.

    2013-05-01

    mart grid technologies are transforming the electric power grid into a grid with bi-directional flows of both power and information. Operating millions of new smart meters and smart appliances will significantly impact electric distribution systems resulting in greater efficiency. However, the scale of the grid and the new types of information transmitted will potentially introduce several security risks that cannot be addressed by traditional, centralized security techniques. We propose a new bio-inspired cyber security approach. Social insects, such as ants and bees, have developed complex-adaptive systems that emerge from the collective application of simple, light-weight behaviors. The Digital Ants framework is a bio-inspired framework that uses mobile light-weight agents. Sensors within the framework use digital pheromones to communicate with each other and to alert each other of possible cyber security issues. All communication and coordination is both localized and decentralized thereby allowing the framework to scale across the large numbers of devices that will exist in the smart grid. Furthermore, the sensors are light-weight and therefore suitable for implementation on devices with limited computational resources. This paper will provide a brief overview of the Digital Ants framework and then present results from test bed-based demonstrations that show that Digital Ants can identify a cyber attack scenario against smart meter deployments.

  12. The Effect of Scale on the Mechanical Properties of Jointed Rock Masses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heuze, F E

    2004-05-24

    These notes were prepared for presentation at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency's (DTRA) Hard Target Research and Analysis Center (HTRAC), at the occasion of a short course held on June 14-15, 2004. The material is intended for analysts who must evaluate the geo-mechanical characteristics of sites of interest, in order to provide appropriate input to calculations of ground shock effects on underground facilities in rock masses. These analysts are associated with the Interagency Geotechnical Assessment Team (IGAT). Because geological discontinuities introduce scale effects on the mechanical properties of rock formations, these large-scale properties cannot be estimated on the basis of tests on small cores.

  13. Iridium abundance measurements across bio-event horizons in the fossil record

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orth, C.J.; Attrep, M. Jr.; Quintana, L.R. )

    1989-01-01

    Geochemical measurements have been performed on thousands of rock samples collected across bio-event horizons using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) for about 40 common and trace elements and radiochemical isolation procedures for Ir. On selected samples, Os, Pt and Au were also radiochemically determined. These studies have encompassed the time interval from the Precambrian-Cambrian transition to the Late Eocene impact (microspherule) horizons. Our early work strengthened the Alvarez impact hypothesis by finding the Ir (PGE) anomaly at the K-T boundary in continental sedimentary sequences. In collaborations with paleontologists, weak to moderately string Ir anomalies have been discovered at the Frasnian-Famennian boundary in Australia, in the Early Mississippian of Oklahoma, at the Mississipian-Pennsylvanian boundary of Oklahoma and Texas, and in the Late Cenomanian throughout the western interior of North America and on the south coast of England to date. We have found no compelling evidence for an impact related cause for these anomalies although PGE impact signatures in the two Late Cenomanian anomalies could be masked by the strong terrestrial mafic to ultramafic overprint. Thus far, our evidence for extinction events older than the terminal Cretaceous does not support recent hypotheses which suggest that impacts from cyclic swarms of comets in the inner Solar system were responsible for the periodic mass extinctions. 50 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  14. Imaging mass spectrometer with mass tags

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Felton, James S.; Wu, Kuang Jen; Knize, Mark G.; Kulp, Kristen S.; Gray, Joe W.

    2010-06-01

    A method of analyzing biological material by exposing the biological material to a recognition element, that is coupled to a mass tag element, directing an ion beam of a mass spectrometer to the biological material, interrogating at least one region of interest area from the biological material and producing data, and distributing the data in plots.

  15. Imaging mass spectrometer with mass tags

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Felton, James S.; Wu, Kuang Jen J.; Knize, Mark G.; Kulp, Kristen S.; Gray, Joe W.

    2013-01-29

    A method of analyzing biological material by exposing the biological material to a recognition element, that is coupled to a mass tag element, directing an ion beam of a mass spectrometer to the biological material, interrogating at least one region of interest area from the biological material and producing data, and distributing the data in plots.

  16. Conceptual design assessment for the co-firing of bio-refinery supplied lignin project. Quarterly report, June 23--July 1, 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berglund, T.; Ranney, J.T.; Babb, C.L.

    2000-07-27

    The Conceptual Design Assessment for the Co-Firing of Bio-Refinery Supplied Lignin Project was successfully kicked off on July 23, 2000 during a meeting at the TVA-PPI facility in Muscle Shoals, AL. An initial timeline for the study was distributed, issues of concern were identified and a priority actions list was developed. Next steps include meeting with NETL to discuss de-watering and lignin fuel testing, the development of the mass balance model and ethanol facility design criteria, providing TVA-Colbert with preliminary lignin fuel analysis and the procurement of representative feed materials for the pilot and bench scale testing of the hydrolysis process.

  17. Impacts, Effectiveness and Regional Inequalities of the GeoMIP G1 to G4 Solar Radiation Management Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Xiaoyong; Moore, John; Cui, Xuefeng; Rinke, Annette; Ji, Duoying; Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Yoon, Jin-Ho

    2015-06-01

    We evaluate the regional effectiveness of solar radiation management (SRM) to compensate for simultaneous changes in temperature and precipitation induced by increased greenhouse gas concentrations. We analyze results from multiple earth system models under four Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project(GeoMIP) experiments with a modified form of the Residual Climate Response approach. Under the solar dimming geoengineering experiments G1(4xCO2) and G2(increasing CO2 by 1% per year), global average temperature is successfully restored to pre-industrial level over 50 years simulations. However, these two SRM experiments also produce a robust global precipitation decrease. The stratospheric aerosol GeoMIP geoengineering experiment, G4 has significantly greater regional inequality and lower effectiveness for compensating temperature change than G1 and G2. G4 also has significantly larger regional inequality for compensating precipitation change than G1and G2. However, there is no significant difference between precipitation change compensation effectiveness of G4 and G2, though there is much larger across model variability in G4 results. G3 has significant greater regional inequality for compensating temperature change than G1 and G2, and has significant lower effectiveness than G1. The effectiveness of four SRMs to compensate for temperature change is much higher than for precipitation. The large cross-model variation in adjustment percentage of compensated SAT and precipitation change by SRM to achieve optimal compensation effectiveness shed a light on the uncertainty accumulation effect in optimizing compensation effectiveness of SRM.

  18. Bio-Engineering High Performance Microbial Strains for MEOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiangdong Fang; Qinghong Wang; Patrick Shuler

    2007-12-30

    The main objectives of this three-year research project are: (1) to employ the latest advances in genetics and bioengineering, especially Directed Protein Evolution technology, to improve the effectiveness of the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) process. (2) to improve the surfactant activity and the thermal stability of bio-surfactant systems for MEOR; and (3) to develop improved laboratory methods and tools that screen quickly candidate bio-systems for EOR. Biosurfactants have been receiving increasing attention as Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) agents because of their unique properties (i.e., mild production conditions, lower toxicity, and higher biodegradability) compared to their synthetic chemical counterparts. Rhamnolipid as a potent natural biosurfactant has a wide range of potential applications, including EOR and bioremediation. During the three-year of the project period, we have successfully cloned the genes involved in the rhamnolipid bio-synthesis. And by using the Transposon containing Rhamnosyltransferase gene rhlAB, we engineered the new mutant strains P. aeruginosa PEER02 and E. coli TnERAB so they can produce rhamnolipid biosurfactans. We were able to produce rhamnolipds in both P. aeroginosa PAO1-RhlA- strain and P. fluorescens ATCC15453 strain, with the increase of 55 to 175 fold in rhamnolipid production comparing with wild type bacteria strain. We have also completed the first round direct evolution studies using Error-prone PCR technique and have constructed the library of RhlAB-containing Transposon to express mutant gene in heterologous hosts. Several methods, such as colorimetric agar plate assay, colorimetric spectrophotometer assay, bioactive assay and oil spreading assay have been established to detect and screen rhamnolipid production. Our engineered P. aeruginosa PEER02 strain can produce rhamnolipids with different carbon sources as substrate. Interfacial tension analysis (IFT) showed that different rhamnolipids from different

  19. Bio-inspired routes for synthesizing efficient nanoscale platinum electrocatalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cha, Jennifer N.; Wang, Joseph

    2014-08-31

    The overall objective of the proposed research is to use fundamental advances in bionanotechnology to design powerful platinum nanocrystal electrocatalysts for fuel cell applications. The new economically-viable, environmentally-friendly, bottom-up biochemical synthetic strategy will produce platinum nanocrystals with tailored size, shape and crystal orientation, hence leading to a maximum electrochemical reactivity. There are five specific aims to the proposed bio-inspired strategy for synthesizing efficient electrocatalytic platinum nanocrystals: (1) isolate peptides that both selectively bind particular crystal faces of platinum and promote the nucleation and growth of particular nanocrystal morphologies, (2) pattern nanoscale 2-dimensional arrays of platinum nucleating peptides from DNA scaffolds, (3) investigate the combined use of substrate patterned peptides and soluble peptides on nanocrystal morphology and growth (4) synthesize platinum crystals on planar and large-area carbon electrode supports, and (5) perform detailed characterization of the electrocatalytic behavior as a function of catalyst size, shape and morphology. Project Description and Impact: This bio-inspired collaborative research effort will address key challenges in designing powerful electrocatalysts for fuel cell applications by employing nucleic acid scaffolds in combination with peptides to perform specific, environmentally-friendly, simultaneous bottom-up biochemical synthesis and patterned assembly of highly uniform and efficient platinum nanocrystal catalysts. Bulk synthesis of nanoparticles usually produces a range of sizes, accessible catalytic sites, crystal morphologies, and orientations, all of which lead to inconsistent catalytic activities. In contrast, biological systems routinely demonstrate exquisite control over inorganic syntheses at neutral pH and ambient temperature and pressures. Because the orientation and arrangement of the templating biomolecules can be precisely

  20. Elbow mass flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McFarland, Andrew R.; Rodgers, John C.; Ortiz, Carlos A.; Nelson, David C.

    1994-01-01

    Elbow mass flow meter. The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity.

  1. Study of the Neutralization and Stabilization of a Mixed Hardwood Bio-Oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moens, L.; Black, S. K.; Myers, M. D.; Czernik, S.

    2009-01-01

    Fast-pyrolysis bio-oil that is currently produced from lignocellulosic biomass in demonstration and semicommercial plants requires significant modification to become an acceptable transportation fuel. The high acidity and chemical instability of bio-oils render them incompatible with existing petroleum refinery processes that produce gasoline and diesel fuels. To facilitate the use of bio-oil as a feedstock in a traditional refinery infrastructure, there is considerable interest in upgrading bio-oils through chemical pathways that include converting the carboxylic acids and reactive carbonyl compounds into esters and acetals using low-cost alcohols. In this article, we discuss our observations with different approaches to esterification and etherification chemistry using a crude bio-oil derived from mixed hardwoods. The high water content in crude bio-oils (ca. 20?30%) creates equilibrium limitations in the condensation reactions that hamper the upgrading process in that the neutralization and stabilization steps cannot easily be driven to completion. The lowest acid number that we were able to obtain without causing serious degradation of the flow properties of the bio-oil had a total acid number of about 20, a value that is still too high for use in a traditional petroleum refinery.

  2. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-428 BioUrja Power,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    LLC: Federal Register Notice, Volume 81, No. 186 - Sept. 26, 2016 | Department of Energy LLC: Federal Register Notice, Volume 81, No. 186 - Sept. 26, 2016 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-428 BioUrja Power, LLC: Federal Register Notice, Volume 81, No. 186 - Sept. 26, 2016 Application from BioUrja Power to export electric energy to Mexico. Federal Register Notice. EA-428 BioUrja Power.pdf (188.86 KB) More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy

  3. Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio) |

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio) Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications History Contact BES Home Centers Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio) Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page C3Bio Header Director Maureen McCann Lead Institution Purdue University Year Established 2009 Mission To

  4. EERE Success Story-Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum EERE Success Story-Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum April 9, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis W.R. Grace, a leading provider of refining technologies, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are co-leading an effort to accelerate the development of technologies that enable the processing of bio-oils in petroleum refineries. The ability to leverage existing petroleum-refining infrastructure to produce "drop-in" biofuels (biofuels that

  5. Green Racing Series Revs Engines with Renewable Fuel from INEOS Bio |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Racing Series Revs Engines with Renewable Fuel from INEOS Bio Green Racing Series Revs Engines with Renewable Fuel from INEOS Bio March 17, 2014 - 2:55pm Addthis A racecar heads into the pits for refueling during the 12 Hours of Sebring in Florida on Saturday. Integrated biorefinery INEOS Bio now supplies cellulosic ethanol to VP Racing Fuels, which fuels the action at TUDOR United SportsCar Championship series races. | Photo by Natalie Committee, Energy Department A

  6. Bio-based Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluids - Energy Innovation Portal

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Find More Like This Return to Search Bio-based Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluids Battelle Memorial Institute Contact BMI About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryThis technology is for preparing lower-toxicity, less corrosive, and typically bio-based deicing/anti-icing fluids for aerospace and non-aerospace applications.DescriptionThe use of bio-based ingredients allows the toxicity and corrosivity as well as the carbon footprint to be reduced. A major aspect of this technology is the

  7. GeoChip 3.0 as a high-thoughput tool for analyzing microbial community composition, structure, and functional activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Z.; Deng, Y.; Van Nostrand, J.D.; Tu, Q.; Xu, M.; Hemme, C.L.; Li, X.; Wu, L.; Gentry, T.J.; Yin, Y.; Liebich, J.; Hazen, T.C.; Zhou, J.

    2010-04-01

    A new generation of functional gene arrays (FGAs; GeoChip 3.0) has been developed, with {approx}28,000 probes covering approximately 57,000 gene variants from 292 functional gene families involved in carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur cycles, energy metabolism, antibiotic resistance, metal resistance and organic contaminant degradation. GeoChip 3.0 also has several other distinct features, such as a common oligo reference standard (CORS) for data normalization and comparison, a software package for data management and future updating and the gyrB gene for phylogenetic analysis. Computational evaluation of probe specificity indicated that all designed probes would have a high specificity to their corresponding targets. Experimental analysis with synthesized oligonucleotides and genomic DNAs showed that only 0.0036-0.025% false-positive rates were observed, suggesting that the designed probes are highly specific under the experimental conditions examined. In addition, GeoChip 3.0 was applied to analyze soil microbial communities in a multifactor grassland ecosystem in Minnesota, USA, which showed that the structure, composition and potential activity of soil microbial communities significantly changed with the plant species diversity. As expected, GeoChip 3.0 is a high-throughput powerful tool for studying microbial community functional structure, and linking microbial communities to ecosystem processes and functioning.

  8. Bio-Fuel Production Assisted with High Temperature Steam Electrolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grant Hawkes; James O'Brien; Michael McKellar

    2012-06-01

    Two hybrid energy processes that enable production of synthetic liquid fuels that are compatible with the existing conventional liquid transportation fuels infrastructure are presented. Using biomass as a renewable carbon source, and supplemental hydrogen from high-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE), these two hybrid energy processes have the potential to provide a significant alternative petroleum source that could reduce dependence on imported oil. The first process discusses a hydropyrolysis unit with hydrogen addition from HTSE. Non-food biomass is pyrolyzed and converted to pyrolysis oil. The pyrolysis oil is upgraded with hydrogen addition from HTSE. This addition of hydrogen deoxygenates the pyrolysis oil and increases the pH to a tolerable level for transportation. The final product is synthetic crude that could then be transported to a refinery and input into the already used transportation fuel infrastructure. The second process discusses a process named Bio-Syntrolysis. The Bio-Syntrolysis process combines hydrogen from HTSE with CO from an oxygen-blown biomass gasifier that yields syngas to be used as a feedstock for synthesis of liquid synthetic crude. Conversion of syngas to liquid synthetic crude, using a biomass-based carbon source, expands the application of renewable energy beyond the grid to include transportation fuels. It can also contribute to grid stability associated with non-dispatchable power generation. The use of supplemental hydrogen from HTSE enables greater than 90% utilization of the biomass carbon content which is about 2.5 times higher than carbon utilization associated with traditional cellulosic ethanol production. If the electrical power source needed for HTSE is based on nuclear or renewable energy, the process is carbon neutral. INL has demonstrated improved biomass processing prior to gasification. Recyclable biomass in the form of crop residue or energy crops would serve as the feedstock for this process. A process model

  9. MBE Mitteldeutsche BioEnergie GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Zip: 6780 Product: MBE is a Bioethanol producer for the use as biofuel. References: MBE Mitteldeutsche BioEnergie GmbH & Co. KG1 This article is a stub....

  10. Separation of switchgrass bio-oil by water/organic solvent addition...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    waterorganic solvent addition and pH adjustment This content will become publicly available on January 29, 2017 Prev Next Title: Separation of switchgrass bio-oil by water...

  11. Past, Present, and Future Production of Bio-oil (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Bio-oil is a liquid product produced by fast pyrol-ysis of biomass. The fast pyrolysis is performed by heating the biomass rapidly (2 sec) at temperatures ranging from 350 to 650 ...

  12. Webinar: Demonstration of NREL’s BioEnergy Atlas Tools

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will host a free webinar on December 16 demonstrating how to use the BioEnergy Atlas tools. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office funded the BioEnergy Atlas tools, which include the BioFuels and BioPower Atlases. These tools are designed as first-pass visualization tools that allow users to view many bioenergy and related datasets in Google Maps. Users can query and download map data and view incentives and state energy data, as well as select an area on the map for estimated biofuels or biopower production potential. The webinar will review the data source and date of bioenergy data layers. The NREL team will show users how to view and download data behind the map, how to view state energy data and incentives, and how to view and edit potential biofuel or biopower production in a geographical location.

  13. Microbes paired for biological gas-to-liquids (Bio-GTL) process...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    gas-to-liquids (Bio-GTL) process Citation Details In-Document Search This content will become publicly available on October 5, 2016 Title: Microbes paired for biological gas-to-liq...

  14. Array2BIO: A Comprehensive Suite of Utilities for the Analysis of Microarray Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loots, G G; Chain, P G; Mabery, S; Rasley, A; Garcia, E; Ovcharenko, I

    2006-02-13

    We have developed an integrative and automated toolkit for the analysis of Affymetrix microarray data, named Array2BIO. It identifies groups of coexpressed genes using two complementary approaches--comparative analysis of signal versus control microarrays and clustering analysis of gene expression across different conditions. The identified genes are assigned to functional categories based on the Gene Ontology classification, and a detection of corresponding KEGG protein interaction pathways. Array2BIO reliably handles low-expressor genes and provides a set of statistical methods to quantify the odds of observations, including the Benjamini-Hochberg and Bonferroni multiple testing corrections. Automated interface with the ECR Browser provides evolutionary conservation analysis of identified gene loci while the interconnection with Creme allows high-throughput analysis of human promoter regions and prediction of gene regulatory elements that underlie the observed expression patterns. Array2BIO is publicly available at http://array2bio.dcode.org.

  15. Bio-Imaging With Liquid-Metal-Jet X-ray Sources | Stanford Synchrotron...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Bio-Imaging With Liquid-Metal-Jet X-ray Sources Wednesday, September 9, 2015 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Speaker: Daniel Larsson, Stanford Program Description...

  16. Milestone Reached: New Process Reduces Cost and Risk of Biofuel Production from Bio-Oil Upgrading

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Battellea nonprofit research and development organization that operates many of the national laboratoriesreached an Energy Department project milestone to demonstrate at least 1,000 hours of bio...

  17. BioSAXS: Ways and Means to Study Structural Flexibility of Biological...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BioSAXS: Ways and Means to Study Structural Flexibility of Biological Macromolecules Thursday, November 17, 2011 - 10:30am SSRL Conference Room 137-322 Dr. Alexander V. Shkumatov,...

  18. DuPont’s Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Plenary I: Progress in Advanced Biofuels DuPont’s Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise William Provine, Director–Science and Technology External Affairs, DuPont

  19. Top quark mass measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, Christopher S.; /UC, Santa Barbara

    2004-12-01

    The top quark, with its extraordinarily large mass (nearly that of a gold atom), plays a significant role in the phenomenology of EWSB in the Standard Model. In particular, the top quark mass when combined with the W mass constrains the mass of the as yet unobserved Higgs boson. Thus, a precise determination of the mass of the top quark is a principal goal of the CDF and D0 experiments. With the data collected thus far in Runs 1 and 2 of the Tevatron, CDF and D0 have measured the top quark mass in both the lepton+jets and dilepton decay channels using a variety of complementary experimental techniques. The author presents an overview of the most recent of the measurements.

  20. Bio-distribution and metabolic paths of silica coated CdSeS quantum dots

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Zhen; Chen Hu; Meng Huan; Xing Gengmei Gao Xueyun; Sun Baoyun; Shi Xiaoli; Yuan Hui; Zhang Chengcheng; Liu Ru; Zhao Feng

    2008-08-01

    With the rapid development of quantum dot (QD) technology, water-soluble QDs have the prospect of being used as a biological probe for specific diagnoses, but their biological behaviors in vivo are little known. Our recent in vivo studies concentrated on the bio-kinetics of QDs coated by hydroxyl group modified silica networks (the QDs are 21.3 {+-} 2.0 nm in diameter and have maximal emission at 570 nm). Male ICR mice were intravenously given the water-soluble QDs with a single dose of 5 nmol/mouse. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry was used to measure the {sup 111}Cd content to indicate the concentration of QDs in plasma, organs, and excretion samples collected at predetermined time intervals. Meanwhile, the distribution and aggregation state of QDs in tissues were also investigated by pathological examination and differential centrifugation. The plasma half-life and clearance of QDs were 19.8 {+-} 3.2 h and 57.3 {+-} 9.2 ml/h/kg, respectively. The liver and kidney were the main target organs for QDs. The QDs metabolized in three paths depending on their distinct aggregated states in vivo. A fraction of free QDs, maintaining their original form, could be filtered by glomerular capillaries and excreted via urine as small molecules within five days. Most QDs bound to protein and aggregated into larger particles that were metabolized in the liver and excreted via feces in vivo. After five days, 8.6% of the injected dose of aggregated QDs still remained in hepatic tissue and it was difficult for this fraction to clear.

  1. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review | Department of Energy Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review This is the

  2. Bio Centers Announcement at the National Press Club | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bio Centers Announcement at the National Press Club Bio Centers Announcement at the National Press Club June 26, 2007 - 2:08pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman WASHINGTON, DC - Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome. I want to start by thanking Ray Orbach for introducing me today, for the excellent work his people did overseeing this particular announcement and for the excellence he and his team bring to the pursuit of scientific discovery every day on the country's

  3. Nexus BioEnergy Developing Enhanced Organic Waste Recycling Technology From

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    CSU - Energy Innovation Portal Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Return to Search Nexus BioEnergy Developing Enhanced Organic Waste Recycling Technology From CSU Start-up will turn solid animal waste into high value organic fertilizers and energy Colorado State University Success Story Details Partner Location Agreement Type Publication Date Nexus BioEnergy Superior, CO Option to a License July 28, 2015 Summary An introduction facilitated by the EERE's Energy Innovation Portal has

  4. Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Meeting Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts Hua Song Lingzhi Zhang Umit S. Ozkan* November 6 th , 2007 Heterogeneous Catalysis Research Group Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210 *Ozkan.1@osu.edu Biomass to Hydrogen (Environmentally Friendly) Plant cultivation Plant cultivation Saccharification Saccharification / /

  5. Novel and robust catalysts for bio-oil Presentation for BETO 2015 Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2.3.1.303 Novel and robust catalysts for bio-oil hydrotreating March 24, 2015 Thermochemical Conversion PI: Huamin Wang Presenter: Corinne Drennan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information. Goal Statement Challenge: Catalyst deactivation by various mechanisms during bio-oil hydrotreating limits catalyst life, operation stability, and cost reduction. Goal: Address catalyst deactivation issues by

  6. Fungal Enzymes for Bio-Products from Sustainable and Waste Biomass (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | DOE PAGES Fungal Enzymes for Bio-Products from Sustainable and Waste Biomass This content will become publicly available on June 27, 2017 Title: Fungal Enzymes for Bio-Products from Sustainable and Waste Biomass Authors: Gupta, Vijai K. ; Kubicek, Christian P. ; Berrin, Jean-Guy ; Wilson, David W. ; Couturier, Marie ; Berlin, Alex ; Filho, Edivaldo X. F. ; Ezeji, Thaddeus Publication Date: 2016-07-01 OSTI Identifier: 1325358 Type: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name:

  7. Upgrading of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oil (Bio-oil) Presentation for BETO 2015 Project Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Upgrading of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oil (Bio-oil) March 22, 2015 Bio-Oil Technology Area Review Principal Investigator : Zia Abdullah Organization: Battelle Memorial Institute 1 Goal Statement * 1,000 hrs. TOS * H/C product 30% blendable with ASTM petroleum fuels * Compatibility with petroleum refining unit operations * Fast Pyrolysis * In-situ catalytic fast pyrolysis * Ex-situ catalytic fast pyrolysis * Hydropyrolysis * Hydrothermal liquefaction * Solvent liquefaction Addresses all FOA-

  8. Miniaturized Mass Spectrometer

    Energy Innovation Portal

    2013-03-12

    Sandia's invention relates to a miniaturized mass spectrometer using a silicon chip field emitter array as the source of electrons for impact ionization of chemical species. ...

  9. Hydrocarbon Liquid Production via the bioCRACK Process and Catalytic Hydroprocessing of the Product Oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwaiger, Nikolaus; Elliott, Douglas C.; Ritzberger, Jurgen; Wang, Huamin; Pucher, Peter; Siebenhofer, Matthaus

    2015-02-13

    Continuous hydroprocessing of liquid phase pyrolysis bio-oil, provided by BDI-BioEnergy International bioCRACK pilot plant at OMV Refinery in Schwechat/Vienna Austria was investigated. These hydroprocessing tests showed promising results using catalytic hydroprocessing strategies developed for unfractionated bio-oil. A sulfided base metal catalyst (CoMo on Al2O3) was evaluated. The bed of catalyst was operated at 400 °C in a continuous-flow reactor at a pressure of 12.1 MPa with flowing hydrogen. The condensed liquid products were analyzed and found that the hydrocarbon liquid was significantly hydrotreated so that nitrogen and sulfur were below the level of detection (<0.05), while the residual oxygen ranged from 0.7 to 1.2%. The density of the products varied from 0.71 g/mL up to 0.79 g/mL with a correlated change of the hydrogen to carbon atomic ratio from 2.1 down to 1.9. The product quality remained high throughout the extended tests suggesting minimal loss of catalyst activity through the test. These tests provided the data needed to assess the quality of liquid fuel products obtained from the bioCRACK process as well as the activity of the catalyst for comparison with products obtained from hydrotreated fast pyrolysis bio-oils from fluidized-bed operation.

  10. Hydrocarbon Liquid Production via the bioCRACK Process and Catalytic Hydroprocessing of the Product Oil

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Schwaiger, Nikolaus; Elliott, Douglas C.; Ritzberger, Jurgen; Wang, Huamin; Pucher, Peter; Siebenhofer, Matthaus

    2015-02-13

    Continuous hydroprocessing of liquid phase pyrolysis bio-oil, provided by BDI-BioEnergy International bioCRACK pilot plant at OMV Refinery in Schwechat/Vienna Austria was investigated. These hydroprocessing tests showed promising results using catalytic hydroprocessing strategies developed for unfractionated bio-oil. A sulfided base metal catalyst (CoMo on Al2O3) was evaluated. The bed of catalyst was operated at 400 °C in a continuous-flow reactor at a pressure of 12.1 MPa with flowing hydrogen. The condensed liquid products were analyzed and found that the hydrocarbon liquid was significantly hydrotreated so that nitrogen and sulfur were below the level of detection (<0.05), while the residual oxygen rangedmore » from 0.7 to 1.2%. The density of the products varied from 0.71 g/mL up to 0.79 g/mL with a correlated change of the hydrogen to carbon atomic ratio from 2.1 down to 1.9. The product quality remained high throughout the extended tests suggesting minimal loss of catalyst activity through the test. These tests provided the data needed to assess the quality of liquid fuel products obtained from the bioCRACK process as well as the activity of the catalyst for comparison with products obtained from hydrotreated fast pyrolysis bio-oils from fluidized-bed operation.« less

  11. Refuse derived soluble bio-organics enhancing tomato plant growth and productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sortino, Orazio; Dipasquale, Mauro; Montoneri, Enzo; Tomasso, Lorenzo; Perrone, Daniele G.; Vindrola, Daniela; Negre, Michele; Piccone, Giuseppe

    2012-10-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Municipal bio-wastes are a sustainable source of bio-based products. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refuse derived soluble bio-organics promote chlorophyll synthesis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refuse derived soluble bio-organics enhance plant growth and fruit ripening rate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sustainable chemistry exploiting urban refuse allows sustainable development. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chemistry, agriculture and the environment benefit from biowaste technology. - Abstract: Municipal bio-refuse (CVD), containing kitchen wastes, home gardening residues and public park trimmings, was treated with alkali to yield a soluble bio-organic fraction (SBO) and an insoluble residue. These materials were characterized using elemental analysis, potentiometric titration, and 13C NMR spectroscopy, and then applied as organic fertilizers to soil for tomato greenhouse cultivation. Their performance was compared with a commercial product obtained from animal residues. Plant growth, fruit yield and quality, and soil and leaf chemical composition were the selected performance indicators. The SBO exhibited the best performance by enhancing leaf chlorophyll content, improving plant growth and fruit ripening rate and yield. No product performance-chemical composition relationship could be assessed. Solubility could be one reason for the superior performance of SBO as a tomato growth promoter. The enhancement of leaf chlorophyll content is discussed to identify a possible link with the SBO photosensitizing properties that have been demonstrated in other work, and thus with photosynthetic performance.

  12. Compatibility Assessment of Fuel System Elastomers with Bio-oil and Diesel Fuel

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Kass, Michael D.; Janke, Christopher J.; Connatser, Raynella M.; Lewis, Samuel A.; Keiser, James R.; Gaston, Katherine

    2016-07-12

    Here we report that bio-oil derived via fast pyrolysis is being developed as a renewable fuel option for petroleum distillates. The compatibility of neat bio-oil with six elastomer types was evaluated against the elastomer performance in neat diesel fuel, which served as the baseline. The elastomers included two fluorocarbons, six acrylonitrile butadiene rubbers (NBRs), and one type each of fluorosilicone, silicone, styrene butadiene rubber (SBR), polyurethane, and neoprene. Specimens of each material were exposed to the liquid and gaseous phases of the test fuels for 4 weeks at 60 °C, and properties in the wetted and dried states were measured.more » Exposure to bio-oil produced significant volume expansion in the fluorocarbons, NBRs, and fluorosilicone; however, excessive swelling (over 80%) was only observed for the two fluorocarbons and two NBR grades. The polyurethane specimens were completely degraded by the bio-oil. In contrast, both silicone and SBR exhibited lower swelling levels in bio-oil compared to neat diesel fuel. The implication is that, while polyurethane and fluorocarbon may not be acceptable seal materials for bio-oils, silicone may offer a lower cost alternative.« less

  13. Modeling the Kinetics of Deactivation of Catalysts during the Upgrading of Bio-Oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Robert S.; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Wang, Huamin

    2015-01-25

    The fouling of catalysts for the upgrading of bio-oils appears to be very different from the fouling of catalysts for the hydroprocessing of petroleum-derived streams. There are two reasons for the differences: a) bio-oil contains polarizable components and phases that can stabilize reaction intermediates exhibiting charge separation and b) bio-oil components contain functional groups that contain O, notably carbonyls (>C=O). Aldol condensation of carbonyls affords very different pathways for the production of oligomeric, refractory deposits than does dehydrogenation/polymerization of petroleum-derived hydrocarbons. Colloquially, we refer to the bio-oil derived deposits as “gunk” to discriminate them from coke, the carbonaceous deposits encountered in petroleum refining. Classical gelation, appears to be a suitable model for the “gunking” reaction. Our work has helped explain the temperature range at which bio-oil should be pre-processed (“stabilized”) to confer longer lifetimes on the catalysts used for more severe processing. Stochastic modeling (kinetic Monte Carlo simulations) appears suitable to capture the rates of oligomerization of bio-oil. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Bioenergy Technologies Office. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle.

  14. Low-Severity Hydroprocessing to Stabilize Bio-oil: TechnoEconomic Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tews, Iva J.; Elliott, Douglas C.

    2014-08-31

    The impetus for this study was the suggestion that recent developments in fast pyrolysis (FP) bio-oil production had indicated instability of the bio-oil in storage which might lead to unacceptable viscosity increases. Commercial operation of FP in Finland began in 2014 and the distribution of the bio-oil to isolated users has been proposed as the long-term plan. Stability of the shipped bio-oil therefore became a concern. Experimental results at PNNL with low-severity hydroprocessing of bio-oil for stabilization has validated a process in which the stability of the bio-oil could be improved, as measured by viscosity increase following storage of the product at 80 °C for 24h. In the work reported here the assessed process configuration consists of fast pyrolysis followed by low temperature and pressure hydroprocessing to produce a stable fuel oil product. The product could then be stored for an extended period of time without significant viscosity increase. This work was carried out as part of a collaborative project between Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The public funding agents for the work were Tekes in Finland and the Bioenergy Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy. The effort was proposed as an evaluation of the process developed in earlier collaboration and jointly invented by VTT and PNNL researchers.

  15. The Origins of Mass

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2016-07-12

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  16. The Origins of Mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-07-30

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  17. Elbow mass flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McFarland, A.R.; Rodgers, J.C.; Ortiz, C.A.; Nelson, D.C.

    1994-08-16

    The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity. 3 figs.

  18. Stability and Regeneration of Catalysts for the Destruction of Tars from Bio-mass Black Liquor Gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pradeep Agrawal

    2004-09-07

    The goal of this project was to develop catalytic materials and processes that would be effective in the destruction of tars formed during the gasification of black liquor and biomass. We report here the significant results obtained at the conclusion of this two year project.

  19. Urban Wood-Based Bio-Energy Systems in Seattle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stan Gent, Seattle Steam Company

    2010-10-25

    Seattle Steam Company provides thermal energy service (steam) to the majority of buildings and facilities in downtown Seattle, including major hospitals (Swedish and Virginia Mason) and The Northwest (Level I) Regional Trauma Center. Seattle Steam has been heating downtown businesses for 117 years, with an average length of service to its customers of 40 years. In 2008 and 2009 Seattle Steam developed a biomass-fueled renewable energy (bio-energy) system to replace one of its gas-fired boilers that will reduce greenhouse gases, pollutants and the amount of waste sent to landfills. This work in this sub-project included several distinct tasks associated with the biomass project development as follows: a. Engineering and Architecture: Engineering focused on development of system control strategies, development of manuals for start up and commissioning. b. Training: The project developer will train its current operating staff to operate equipment and facilities. c. Flue Gas Clean-Up Equipment Concept Design: The concept development of acid gas emissions control system strategies associated with the supply wood to the project. d. Fuel Supply Management Plan: Development of plans and specifications for the supply of wood. It will include potential fuel sampling analysis and development of contracts for delivery and management of fuel suppliers and handlers. e. Integrated Fuel Management System Development: Seattle Steam requires a biomass Fuel Management System to track and manage the delivery, testing, processing and invoicing of delivered fuel. This application will be web-based and accessed from a password-protected URL, restricting data access and privileges by user-level.

  20. Macro-ions collapse leading to hybrid bio-nanomaterials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Achyuthan, Komandoor E.

    2009-10-01

    I used supramolecular self-assembling cyanine and the polyamine spermine binding to Escherichia coli genomic DNA as a model for DNA collapse during high throughput screening. Polyamine binding to DNA converts the normally right handed B-DNA into left handed Z-DNA conformation. Polyamine binding to DNA was inhibited by the supramolecular self-assembling cyanine. Self-assembly of cyanine upon DNA scaffold was likewise competitively inhibited by spermine as signaled by fluorescence quench from DNA-cyanine ensemble. Sequence of DNA exposure to cyanine or spermine was critical in determining the magnitude of fluorescence quench. Methanol potentiated spermine inhibition by >10-fold. The IC{sub 50} for spermine inhibition was 0.35 {+-} 0.03 {micro}M and the association constant Ka was 2.86 x 10{sup -6}M. Reversibility of the DNA-polyamine interactions was evident from quench mitigation at higher concentrations of cyanine. System flexibility was demonstrated by similar spermine interactions with {lambda}DNA. The choices and rationale regarding the polyamine, the cyanine dye as well as the remarkable effects of methanol are discussed in detail. Cyanine might be a safer alternative to the mutagenic toxin ethidium bromide for investigating DNA-drug interactions. The combined actions of polyamines and alcohols mediate DNA collapse producing hybrid bio-nanomaterials with novel signaling properties that might be useful in biosensor applications. Finally, this work will be submitted to Analytical Sciences (Japan) for publication. This journal published our earlier, related work on cyanine supramolecular self-assembly upon a variety of nucleic acid scaffolds.

  1. SINTERED REFRACTORY MASS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, A.E.

    1955-09-01

    A method is given for joining sintered masses of refractory compounds. It consists in maintaining the masses in contact with each other by application of a moderate pressure, while they are at sintering temperature. The sintered masses are subjected to am applied pressure of about 1/2 to 1 ton per square inch of the surface in contact for about 10 minutes, and the temperature employed may be fropn about 1400 deg C to 2000 deg C. Refractory oxides to which the invention may be applied are beryllia, alumina, thoria, and magnesia.

  2. GeoChip-based analysis of functional microbial communities during the reoxidation of a bioreduced uranium-contaminated aquifer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Nostrand, Joy; Wu, Weimin; Wu, Liyou; Deng, Ye; Carley, Jack M; Carroll, Sue L; He, Zhili; Gu, Baohua; Luo, Jian; Criddle, Craig; Watson, David B; Jardine, Philip M; Marsh, Terence; Tiedje, James; Hazen, T. C.; Zhou, Jizhong

    2009-01-01

    A pilot-scale system was established for in situ biostimulation of U(VI) reduction by ethanol addition at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Field Research Center (Oak Ridge, TN). After achieving U(VI) reduction, stability of the bioreduced U(IV) was evaluated under conditions of (i) resting (no ethanol injection), (ii) reoxidation by introducing dissolved oxygen (DO), and (iii) reinjection of ethanol. GeoChip, a functional gene array with probes for N, S and C cycling, metal resistance and contaminant degradation genes, was used for monitoring groundwater microbial communities. High diversity of all major functional groups was observed during all experimental phases. The microbial community was extremely responsive to ethanol, showing a substantial change in community structure with increased gene number and diversity after ethanol injections resumed. While gene numbers showed considerable variations, the relative abundance (i.e. percentage of each gene category) of most gene groups changed little. During the reoxidation period, U(VI) increased, suggesting reoxidation of reduced U(IV). However, when introduction of DO was stopped, U(VI) reduction resumed and returned to pre-reoxidation levels. These findings suggest that the community in this system can be stimulated and that the ability to reduce U(VI) can be maintained by the addition of electron donors. This biostimulation approach may potentially offer an effective means for the bioremediation of U(VI)-contaminated sites.

  3. GeoChip-based analysis of functional microbial communities in a bioreduced uranium-contaminated aquifer during reoxidation by oxygen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Nostrand, J.D.; Wu, W.-M.; Wu, L.; Deng, Y.; Carley, J.; Carroll, S.; He, Z.; Gu, B.; Luo, J.; Criddle, C. S.; Watson, D. B.; Jardine, P. M.; Tiedje, J. M.; Hazen, T. C.; Zhou, J.

    2009-07-15

    A pilot-scale system was established for in situ biostimulation of U(VI) reduction by ethanol addition at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Field Research Center (Oak Ridge, TN). After achieving U(VI) reduction, stability of the bioreduced U(IV) was evaluated under conditions of (i) resting (no ethanol injection), (ii) reoxidation by introducing dissolved oxygen (DO), and (iii) reinjection of ethanol. GeoChip, a functional gene array with probes for N, S and C cycling, metal resistance and contaminant degradation genes, was used for monitoring groundwater microbial communities. High diversity of all major functional groups was observed during all experimental phases. The microbial community was extremely responsive to ethanol, showing a substantial change in community structure with increased gene number and diversity after ethanol injections resumed. While gene numbers showed considerable variations, the relative abundance (i.e. percentage of each gene category) of most gene groups changed little. During the reoxidation period, U(VI) increased, suggesting reoxidation of reduced U(IV). However, when introduction of DO was stopped, U(VI) reduction resumed and returned to pre-reoxidation levels. These findings suggest that the community in this system can be stimulated and that the ability to reduce U(VI) can be maintained by the addition of electron donors. This biostimulation approach may potentially offer an effective means for the bioremediation of U(VI)-contaminated sites.

  4. Solids mass flow determination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Macko, Joseph E.

    1981-01-01

    Method and apparatus for determining the mass flow rate of solids mixed with a transport fluid to form a flowing mixture. A temperature differential is established between the solids and fluid. The temperature of the transport fluid prior to mixing, the temperature of the solids prior to mixing, and the equilibrium temperature of the mixture are monitored and correlated in a heat balance with the heat capacities of the solids and fluid to determine the solids mass flow rate.

  5. Measuring bio-oil upgrade intermediates and corrosive species with polarity-matched analytical approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connatser, Raynella M.; Lewis, Sr., Samuel Arthur; Keiser, James R.; Choi, Jae -Soon

    2014-10-03

    Integrating biofuels with conventional petroleum products requires improvements in processing to increase blendability with existing fuels. This work demonstrates analysis techniques for more hydrophilic bio-oil liquids that give improved quantitative and qualitative description of the total acid content and organic acid profiles. To protect infrastructure from damage and reduce the cost associated with upgrading, accurate determination of acid content and representative chemical compound analysis are central imperatives to assessing both the corrosivity and the progress toward removing oxygen and acidity in processed biomass liquids. Established techniques form an ample basis for bio-liquids evaluation. However, early in the upgrading process, the unique physical phases and varied hydrophilicity of many pyrolysis liquids can render analytical methods originally designed for use in petroleum-derived oils inadequate. In this work, the water solubility of the organic acids present in bio-oils is exploited in a novel extraction and titration technique followed by analysis on the water-based capillary electrophoresis (CE) platform. The modification of ASTM D664, the standard for Total Acid Number (TAN), to include aqueous carrier solvents improves the utility of that approach for quantifying acid content in hydrophilic bio-oils. Termed AMTAN (modified Total Acid Number), this technique offers 1.2% relative standard deviation and dynamic range comparable to the conventional ASTM method. Furthermore, the results of corrosion product evaluations using several different sources of real bio-oil are discussed in the context of the unique AMTAN and CE analytical approaches developed to facilitate those measurements.

  6. A Systems Approach to Bio-Oil Stabilization - Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Robert C; Meyer, Terrence; Fox, Rodney; Submramaniam, Shankar; Shanks, Brent; Smith, Ryan G

    2011-12-23

    The objective of this project is to develop practical, cost effective methods for stabilizing biomass-derived fast pyrolysis oil for at least six months of storage under ambient conditions. The U.S. Department of Energy has targeted three strategies for stabilizing bio-oils: (1) reducing the oxygen content of the organic compounds comprising pyrolysis oil; (2) removal of carboxylic acid groups such that the total acid number (TAN) of the pyrolysis oil is dramatically reduced; and (3) reducing the charcoal content, which contains alkali metals known to catalyze reactions that increase the viscosity of bio-oil. Alkali and alkaline earth metals (AAEM), are known to catalyze decomposition reactions of biomass carbohydrates to produce light oxygenates that destabilize the resulting bio-oil. Methods envisioned to prevent the AAEM from reaction with the biomass carbohydrates include washing the AAEM out of the biomass with water or dilute acid or infusing an acid catalyst to passivate the AAEM. Infusion of acids into the feedstock to convert all of the AAEM to salts which are stable at pyrolysis temperatures proved to be a much more economically feasible process. Our results from pyrolyzing acid infused biomass showed increases in the yield of anhydrosugars by greater than 300% while greatly reducing the yield of light oxygenates that are known to destabilize bio-oil. Particulate matter can interfere with combustion or catalytic processing of either syngas or bio-oil. It also is thought to catalyze the polymerization of bio-oil, which increases the viscosity of bio-oil over time. High temperature bag houses, ceramic candle filters, and moving bed granular filters have been variously suggested for syngas cleaning at elevated temperatures. High temperature filtration of bio-oil vapors has also been suggested by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory although there remain technical challenges to this approach. The fast pyrolysis of biomass yields three main organic

  7. Bio-Oil Separation and Stabilization by Supercritical Fluid Fractionation. 2014 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agblevor, Foster; Petkovic, Lucia; Bennion, Edward; Quinn, Jason; Moses, John; Newby, Deborah; Ginosar, Daniel

    2014-03-01

    The objective of this project is to use supercritical fluids to separate and fractionate algal-based bio-oils into stable products that can be subsequently upgraded to produce drop-in renewable fuels. To accomplish this objective, algae was grown and thermochemically converted to bio-oils using hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL), pyrolysis, and catalytic pyrolysis. The bio-oils were separated into an extract and a raffinate using near-critical propane or carbon dioxide. The fractions were then subjected to thermal aging studies to determine if the extraction process had stabilized the products. It was found that the propane extract fraction was twice as stable as the parent catalytic pyrolysis bio-oils as measured by the change in viscosity after two weeks of accelerated aging at 80°C. Further, in-situ NMR aging studies found that the propane extract was chemically more stable than the parent bio-oil. Thus the milestone of stabilizing the product was met. A preliminary design of the extraction plant was prepared. The design was based on a depot scale plant processing 20,000,000 gallons per year of bio-oil. It was estimated that the capital costs for such a plant would be $8,700,000 with an operating cost of $3,500,000 per year. On a per gallon of product cost and a 10% annual rate of return, capital costs would represent $0.06 per gallon and operating costs would amount to $0.20 per gallon. Further, it was found that the energy required to run the process represented 6.2% of the energy available in the bio-oil, meeting the milestone of less than 20%. Life cycle analysis and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission analysis found that the energy for running the critical fluid separation process and the GHG emissions were minor compared to all the inputs to the overall well to pump system. For the well to pump system boundary, energetics in biofuel conversion are typically dominated by energy demands in the growth, dewater, and thermochemical process. Bio-oil stabilization by

  8. A test to illustrate the effects of BioSolve on the mobility of contaminated soils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Lorri M.

    1999-05-27

    Mountain States BioSolve manufactures products for in-situ bioremediation projects. One of their products, BioSolve, desorbs and emulsifies hydrocarbons in a contaminated substrate. BioSolve is a blend of water-based, biodegradable surfactants which were engineered as a clean-up and mitigation agent for hydrocarbon products. Its basic mechanism is to emulsify the hydrocarbon into small encapsulated particles in a water/oxygen-bearing solution, desorbing hydrocarbon molecules from soil particles. This allows bacteria to more effectively metabolize the contaminate. During desorption, Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) levels may increase shortly after application due to the removal of contaminate from soil particles which increases the total recoverable hydrocarbon. This allows the hydrocarbon, in the pump and treat process, to become mobile, and thus carried with the water to the recovery wells where it can be removed. This testing does not address pump and treat technology but only the increased surface area for bioremediation enhancement.

  9. BIO-MONITORING FOR URANIUM USING STREAM-SIDE TERRESTRIAL PLANTS AND MACROPHYTES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caldwell, E.; Duff, M.; Hicks, T.; Coughlin, D.; Hicks, R.; Dixon, E.

    2012-01-12

    This study evaluated the abilities of various plant species to act as bio-monitors for environmental uranium (U) contamination. Vegetation and soil samples were collected from a U processing facility. The water-way fed from facility storm and processing effluents was the focal sample site as it represented a primary U transport mechanism. Soils and sediments from areas exposed to contamination possessed U concentrations that averaged 630 mg U kg{sup -1}. Aquatic mosses proved to be exceptional accumulators of U with dry weight (dw) concentrations measuring as high as 12500 mg U kg{sup -1} (approximately 1% of the dw mass was attributable to U). The macrophytes (Phragmites communis, Scripus fontinalis and Sagittaria latifolia) were also effective accumulators of U. In general, plant roots possessed higher concentrations of U than associated upper portions of plants. For terrestrial plants, the roots of Impatiens capensis had the highest observed levels of U accumulation (1030 mg kg{sup -1}), followed by the roots of Cyperus esculentus and Solidago speciosa. The concentration ratio (CR) characterized dry weight (dw) vegetative U levels relative to that in associated dw soil. The plant species that accumulated U at levels in excess of that found in the soil were: P. communis root (CR, 17.4), I. capensis root (CR, 3.1) and S. fontinalis whole plant (CR, 1.4). Seven of the highest ten CR values were found in the roots. Correlations with concentrations of other metals with U were performed, which revealed that U concentrations in the plant were strongly correlated with nickel (Ni) concentrations (correlation: 0.992; r-squared: 0.984). Uranium in plant tissue was also strongly correlated with strontium (Sr) (correlation: 0.948; r-squared: 0.899). Strontium is chemically and physically similar to calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg), which were also positively-correlated with U. The correlation with U and these plant nutrient minerals, including iron (Fe), suggests that active

  10. NREL Pilot Facility Co-Produces Bio-Derived Fuel Intermediates with

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Petroleum Refinery Infrastructure | Bioenergy | NREL Pilot Facility Co-Produces Bio-Derived Fuel Intermediates with Petroleum Refinery Infrastructure October 19, 2016 Photo Fast pyrolysis-the rapid heating of biomass to 400°C-600°C in the absence of oxygen, followed by cooling the resulting vapors into a liquid bio-oil-is the first step. The resulting liquid then undergoes fluid catalytic cracking, a process also used to refine petroleum products. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL There are

  11. Energy Department Announces $11.3 Million Available for Mega-Bio:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels | Department of Energy 1.3 Million Available for Mega-Bio: Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels Energy Department Announces $11.3 Million Available for Mega-Bio: Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels February 8, 2016 - 11:03am Addthis The Energy Department today announced up to $11.3 million in funding to develop flexible biomass-to-hydrocarbon biofuels conversion pathways that can be modified to produce advanced fuels and/or products based on external factors, such as

  12. Status of the Bio-Nano electron cyclotron resonance ion source at Toyo University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uchida, T.; Minezaki, H.; Ishihara, S.; Muramatsu, M.; Kitagawa, A.; Drentje, A. G.; Rcz, R.; Biri, S.; Asaji, T.; Kato, Y.; Yoshida, Y.; Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, Kawagoe 350-8585

    2014-02-15

    In the paper, the material science experiments, carried out recently using the Bio-Nano electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) at Toyo University, are reported. We have investigated several methods to synthesize endohedral C{sub 60} using ion-ion and ion-molecule collision reaction in the ECRIS. Because of the simplicity of the configuration, we can install a large choice of additional equipment in the ECRIS. The Bio-Nano ECRIS is suitable not only to test the materials production but also to test technical developments to improve or understand the performance of an ECRIS.

  13. Storage Tanks and Dispensers for E85 and Bio-Diesel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webster, Michael; Frederick, Justin

    2014-02-10

    Project objective is to improve the District's alternative fueling infrastructure by installing storage tanks and dispensers for E-85 and Bio-Diesel at the existing Blackwell Forest Preserve Alternative Fuel Station. The addition of E-85 and Bio-Diesel at this station will continue to reduce our dependency on foreign oil, while promoting the use of clean burning, domestically produced, renewable alternative fuels. In addition, this station will promote strong intergovernmental cooperation as other governmental agencies have expressed interest in utilizing this station.

  14. Failure by fracture and fatigue in 'NANO' and 'BIO'materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ritchie, R.O.; Muhlstein, C.L.; Nalla, R.K.

    2003-12-19

    The behavior of nanostructured materials/small-volumestructures and biologi-cal/bio-implantable materials, so-called "nano"and "bio" materials, is currently much in vogue in materials science. Oneaspect of this field, which to date has received only limited attention,is their fracture and fatigue properties. In this paper, we examine twotopics in this area, namely the premature fatigue failure ofsilicon-based micron-scale structures for microelectromechanical systems(MEMS), and the fracture properties of mineralized tissue, specificallyhuman bone.

  15. Energy Department Announces $11.3 Million for MEGA-BIO: Bioproducts to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Enable Biofuels | Department of Energy .3 Million for MEGA-BIO: Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels Energy Department Announces $11.3 Million for MEGA-BIO: Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels August 2, 2016 - 3:30pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today up to $11.3 million for three projects that support the development of biomass-to-hydrocarbon biofuels conversion pathways that can produce variable amounts of fuels and/or products based on external factors, such as market

  16. Integrating Heterogeneous Healthcare Datasets and Visual Analytics for Disease Bio-surveillance and Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramanathan, Arvind; Pullum, Laura L; Steed, Chad A; Quinn, Shannon; Chennubhotla, Chakra; Parker, Tara L

    2013-01-01

    n this paper, we present an overview of the big data chal- lenges in disease bio-surveillance and then discuss the use of visual analytics for integrating data and turning it into knowl- edge. We will explore two integration scenarios: (1) combining text and multimedia sources to improve situational awareness and (2) enhancing disease spread model data with real-time bio-surveillance data. Together, the proposed integration methodologies can improve awareness about when, where and how emerging diseases can affect wide geographic regions.

  17. Production of higher quality bio-oils by in-line esterification of pyrolysis vapor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilten, Roger Norris; Das, Keshav; Kastner, James R; Bibens, Brian P

    2014-12-02

    The disclosure encompasses in-line reactive condensation processes via vapor phase esterification of bio-oil to decease reactive species concentration and water content in the oily phase of a two-phase oil, thereby increasing storage stability and heating value. Esterification of the bio-oil vapor occurs via the vapor phase contact and subsequent reaction of organic acids with ethanol during condensation results in the production of water and esters. The pyrolysis oil product can have an increased ester content and an increased stability when compared to a condensed pyrolysis oil product not treated with an atomized alcohol.

  18. Initial Assessment of U.S. Refineries for Purposes of Potential Bio-Based

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Oil Insertions (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Initial Assessment of U.S. Refineries for Purposes of Potential Bio-Based Oil Insertions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Initial Assessment of U.S. Refineries for Purposes of Potential Bio-Based Oil Insertions In order to meet U.S. biofuel objectives over the coming decade the conversion of a broad range of biomass feedstocks, using diverse processing options, will be required. Further, the production of both gasoline and diesel

  19. Separation of switchgrass bio-oil by water/organic solvent addition and pH adjustment

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Park, Lydia Kyoung-Eun; Ren, Shoujie; Yiacoumi, Sotira; Ye, X. Philip; Borole, Abhijeet P.; Tsouris, Costas

    2016-01-29

    Applications of bio-oil are limited by its challenging properties including high moisture content, low pH, high viscosity, high oxygen content, and low heating value. Separation of switchgrass bio-oil components by adding water, organic solvents (hexadecane and octane), and sodium hydroxide may help to overcome these issues. Acetic acid and phenolic compounds were extracted in aqueous and organic phases, respectively. Polar chemicals, such as acetic acid, did not partition in the organic solvent phase. Acetic acid in the aqueous phase after extraction is beneficial for a microbial-electrolysis-cell application to produce hydrogen as an energy source for further hydrodeoxygenation of bio-oil. Organicmore » solvents extracted more chemicals from bio-oil in combined than in sequential extraction; however, organic solvents partitioned into the aqueous phase in combined extraction. When sodium hydroxide was added to adjust the pH of aqueous bio-oil, organic-phase precipitation occurred. As the pH was increased, a biphasic aqueous/organic dispersion was formed, and phase separation was optimized at approximately pH 6. The neutralized organic bio-oil had approximately 37% less oxygen and 100% increased heating value than the initial centrifuged bio-oil. In conclusion, the less oxygen content and increased heating value indicated a significant improvement of the bio-oil quality through neutralization.« less

  20. Guidelines for Transportation, Handling, and Use of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oil. Part 1. Flammability and Toxicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oasmaa, Anja; Kalli, Anssi; Lindfors, Christian; Elliott, Douglas C.; Springer, David L.; Peacocke, Cordner; Chiaramonti, David

    2012-05-04

    An alternative sustainable fuel, biomass-derived fast pyrolysis oil or 'bio-oil', is coming into the market. Fast pyrolysis pilot and demonstration plants for fuel applications producing tonnes of bio-oil are in operation, and commercial plants are under design. There will be increasingly larger amounts of bio-oil transportation on water and by land, leading to a need for specifications and supporting documentation. Bio-oil is different from conventional liquid fuels, and therefore must overcome both technical and marketing hurdles for its acceptability in the fuels market. A comprehensive Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is required, backed with independent testing and certification. In order to standardise bio-oil quality specifications are needed. The first bio-oil burner fuel standard in ASTM (D7544) was approved in 2009. CEN standardisation has been initiated in Europe. In the EU a new chemical regulation system, REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals) is being applied. Registration under REACH has to be made if bio-oil is produced or imported to the EU. In the USA and Canada, bio-oil has to be filed under TOSCA (US Toxic Substances Control Act). In this paper the state of the art on standardisation is discussed, and new data for the transportation guidelines is presented. The focus is on flammability and toxicity.

  1. A review of the chemical and physical mechanisms of the storage stability of fast pyrolysis bio-oils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diebold, J.P.

    1999-01-27

    Understanding the fundamental chemical and physical aging mechanisms is necessary to learn how to produce a bio-oil that is more stable during shipping and storage. This review provides a basis for this understanding and identifies possible future research paths to produce bio-oils with better storage stability.

  2. Effect of Acid, Alkali, and Steam Explosion Pretreatments on Characteristics of Bio-Oil Produced from Pinewood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Hui; Srinivasan, Radhakrishnan; Yu, Fei; Steele, Philip; Li, Qi; Mitchell, Brian

    2011-06-21

    Bio-oil produced from pinewood by fast pyrolysis has the potential to be a valuable substitute for fossil fuels. Pretreatment prior to the fast pyrolysis process has been shown to alter the structure and chemical composition of biomass. To determine the influence of biomass pretreatments on bio-oil produced during fast pyrolysis, we tested three pretreatment methods: dilute acid, dilute alkali, and steam explosion. Bio-oils were produced from untreated and pretreated pinewood feedstocks in an auger reactor at 450 C. The bio-oils’ physical properties including pH, water content, acid value, density, viscosity, and heating value were measured. Chemical characteristics of the bio-oils were determined by gas chromatographymass spectrometry. Results showed that bio-oil yield and composition were influenced by biomass pretreatment. Of the three pretreatment methods, 1%H2SO4 pretreatment resulted in the highest bio-oil yield and best bio-oil quality.

  3. Engineering rock mass classifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bieniawski, Z.T.

    1989-01-01

    This book is a reference on rock mass classification, consolidating into one handy source information widely scattered through the literature. Includes new, unpublished material and case histories. Presents the fundamental concepts of classification schemes and critically appraises their practical application in industrial projects such as tunneling and mining.

  4. Geochemical Speciation Mass Transfer

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1985-12-01

    PHREEQC is designed to model geochemical reactions. Based on an ion association aqueous model, PHREEQC can calculate pH, redox potential, and mass transfer as a function of reaction progress. It can be used to describe geochemical processes for both far-field and near-field performance assessment and to evaluate data acquisition needs and test data. It can also calculate the composition of solutions in equilibrium with multiple phases. The data base, including elements, aqueous species, and mineralmore » phases, is independent of the program and is completely user-definable. PHREEQC requires thermodynamic data for each solid, gaseous, or dissolved chemical species being modeled. The two data bases, PREPHR and DEQPAK7, supplied with PHREEQC are for testing purposes only and should not be applied to real problems without first being carefully examined. The conceptual model embodied in PHREEQC is the ion-association model of Pearson and Noronha. In this model a set of mass action equations are established for each ion pair (and controlling solid phases when making mass transfer calculations) along with a set of mass balance equations for each element considered. These sets of equations are coupled using activity coefficient values for each aqueous species and solved using a continued fraction approach for the mass balances combined with a modified Newton-Raphson technique for all other equations. The activity coefficient expressions in PHREEQC include the extended Debye-Huckel, WATEQ Debye-Huckel, and Davies equations from the original United States Geological Survey version of the program. The auxiliary preprocessor program PHTL, which is derived from EQTL, converts EQ3/6 thermodynamic data to PHREEQC format so that the two programs can be compared. PHREEQC can be used to determine solubility limits on the radionuclides present in the waste form. These solubility constraints may be input to the WAPPA leach model.« less

  5. E. coli for Energy: Ginkgo BioWorks and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ginkgo BioWorks, a small business founded by five PhDs from MIT, who are working to re-engineer organisms like E. coli into something else. In this case, they want to use the bacteria to turn carbon dioxide into a liquid transportation fuel.

  6. Agricultural Bio-Fueled Generation of Electricity and Development of Durable and Efficent NOx Reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Rodney

    2007-08-08

    The objective of this project was to define the scope and cost of a technology research and development program that will demonstrate the feasibility of using an off-the-shelf, unmodified, large bore diesel powered generator in a grid-connected application, utilizing various blends of BioDiesel as fuel. Furthermore, the objective of project was to develop an emissions control device that uses a catalytic process and BioDiesel (without the presence of Ammonia or Urea)to reduce NOx and other pollutants present in a reciprocating engine exhaust stream with the goal of redefining the highest emission reduction efficiencies possible for a diesel reciprocating generator. Process: Caterpillar Power Generation adapted an off-the-shelf Diesel Generator to run on BioDiesel and various Petroleum Diesel/BioDiesel blends. EmeraChem developed and installed an exhaust gas cleanup system to reduce NOx, SOx, volatile organics, and particulates. The system design and function was optimized for emissions reduction with results in the 90-95% range;

  7. Catalytic Hydroprocessing of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil from Pine Sawdust

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Hart, Todd R.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Rotness, Leslie J.; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Zacher, Alan H.; Solantausta, Yrjo

    2012-06-01

    Catalytic hydroprocessing has been applied to the fast pyrolysis liquid product (bio-oil) from softwood biomass in a bench-scale continuous-flow fixed-bed reactor system. The intent of the research was to develop process technology to convert the bio-oil into a petroleum refinery feedstock to supplement fossil energy resources and to displace imported feedstock. This paper is focused on the process experimentation and product analysis. The paper describes the experimental methods used and relates the results of the product analyses. A range of operating parameters including temperature, and flow-rate were tested with bio-oil derived from pine wood as recovered and pyrolyzed in the pilot pyrolyzer of Metso Power in Tampere, Finland. Effects of time on stream and catalyst activity were assessed. Details of the process results were presented included product yields and hydrogen consumption. Detailed analysis of the products were provided including elemental composition and product descriptors such as density, viscosity and Total Acid Number (TAN). In summation, the paper provides an initial understanding of the efficacy of hydroprocessing as applied to the Finnish pine bio-oil.

  8. Method for calibrating mass spectrometers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Gordon A [Benton City, WA; Brands, Michael D [Richland, WA; Bruce, James E [Schwenksville, PA; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana [Richland, WA; Smith, Richard D [Richland, WA

    2002-12-24

    A method whereby a mass spectra generated by a mass spectrometer is calibrated by shifting the parameters used by the spectrometer to assign masses to the spectra in a manner which reconciles the signal of ions within the spectra having equal mass but differing charge states, or by reconciling ions having known differences in mass to relative values consistent with those known differences. In this manner, the mass spectrometer is calibrated without the need for standards while allowing the generation of a highly accurate mass spectra by the instrument.

  9. Clock asynchrony and mass variation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gruber, R.P.; Brahm, D.E.

    1993-04-01

    Many theories have been proposed in which particle masses vary with time. In a world with varying particle masses, clocks become asynchronous and metersticks inconsistent. By combining two or more clocks with different known dependences on mass, one can construct a nearly invariant clock, and measure the rate of mass variation. If the proton and electron masses vary differently, then certain equations must be applied to predict a clock's dependence on each. 8 refs.

  10. Twisted mass finite volume effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colangelo, Gilberto; Wenger, Urs; Wu, Jackson M. S.

    2010-08-01

    We calculate finite-volume effects on the pion masses and decay constant in twisted mass lattice QCD at finite lattice spacing. We show that the lighter neutral pion in twisted mass lattice QCD gives rise to finite-volume effects that are exponentially enhanced when compared to those arising from the heavier charged pions. We demonstrate that the recent two flavor twisted mass lattice data can be better fitted when twisted mass effects in finite-volume corrections are taken into account.

  11. Molybdenum carbides, active and in situ regenerable catalysts in hydroprocessing of fast pyrolysis bio-oil

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Choi, Jae -Soon; Zacher, Alan; Wang, Huamin; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Armstrong, Beth L.; Meyer, III, Harry M.; Schwartz, Viviane; Soykal, I. Ilgaz

    2016-05-19

    This paper describes properties of molybdenum carbides as a potential catalyst for fast pyrolysis bio-oil hydroprocessing. Currently, high catalyst cost, short catalyst lifetime, and lack of effective regeneration methods are hampering the development of this otherwise attractive renewable hydrocarbon technology. A series of metal-doped bulk Mo carbides were synthesized, characterized, and evaluated in sequential low-temperature stabilization and high-temperature deoxygenation of a pine-derived bio-oil. During a typical 60 h run, Mo carbides were capable of upgrading raw bio-oil to a level suitable for direct insertion into the current hydrocarbon infrastructure with residual oxygen content and total acid number of upgraded oilsmore » below 2 wt % and 0.01 mg KOH g–1, respectively. The performance was shown to be sensitive to the type of metal dopant, Ni-doped Mo carbides outperforming Co-, Cu-, or Ca-doped counterparts; a higher Ni loading led to a superior catalytic performance. No bulk oxidation or other significant structural changes were observed. Besides the structural robustness, another attractive property of Mo carbides was in situ regenerability. The effectiveness of regeneration was demonstrated by successfully carrying out four consecutive 60 h runs with a reductive decoking between two adjacent runs. These results strongly suggest that Mo carbides are a good catalyst candidate which could lead to a significant cost reduction in hydroprocessing bio-oils. Furthermore, we highlight areas for future research which will be needed to further understand carbide structure–function relationships and help design practical bio-oil upgrading catalysts based on Mo carbides.« less

  12. Bio-processing of solid wastes and secondary resources for metal extraction - A review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jae-chun; Pandey, Banshi Dhar

    2012-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review focuses on bio-extraction of metals from solid wastes of industries and consumer goods. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bio-processing of certain effluents/wastewaters with metals is also included in brief. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Quantity/composition of wastes are assessed, and microbes used and leaching conditions included. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bio-recovery using bacteria, fungi and archaea is highlighted for resource recycling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Process methodology/mechanism, R and D direction and scope of large scale use are briefly included. - Abstract: Metal containing wastes/byproducts of various industries, used consumer goods, and municipal waste are potential pollutants, if not treated properly. They may also be important secondary resources if processed in eco-friendly manner for secured supply of contained metals/materials. Bio-extraction of metals from such resources with microbes such as bacteria, fungi and archaea is being increasingly explored to meet the twin objectives of resource recycling and pollution mitigation. This review focuses on the bio-processing of solid wastes/byproducts of metallurgical and manufacturing industries, chemical/petrochemical plants, electroplating and tanning units, besides sewage sludge and fly ash of municipal incinerators, electronic wastes (e-wastes/PCBs), used batteries, etc. An assessment has been made to quantify the wastes generated and its compositions, microbes used, metal leaching efficiency etc. Processing of certain effluents and wastewaters comprising of metals is also included in brief. Future directions of research are highlighted.

  13. Recent advances in hydrotreating of pyrolysis bio-oil and its oxygen-containing model compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Huamin; Male, Jonathan L.; Wang, Yong

    2013-05-01

    There is considerable world-wide interest in discovering renewable sources of energy that can substitute for fossil fuels. Lignocellulosic biomass, which is the most abundant and inexpensive renewable feedstock on the planet, has a great potential for sustainable production of fuels, chemicals, and carbon-based materials. Fast pyrolysis integrated with hydrotreating is one of the simplest, most cost-effective and most efficient processes to convert lignocellulosic biomass to liquid hydrocarbon fuels for transportation, which has attracted significant attention in recent decades. However, effective hydrotreating of pyrolysis bio-oil presents a daunting challenge to the commercialization of biomass conversion via pyrolysis-hydrotreating. Specifically, development of active, selective, and stable hydrotreating catalysts is the bottleneck due to the poor quality of pyrolysis bio-oil feedstock (high oxygen content, molecular complexity, coking propensity, and corrosiveness). Significant research has been conducted to address the practical issues and provide the fundamental understanding of the hydrotreating/hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of bio-oils and their oxygen-containing model compounds, including phenolics, furans, and carboxylic acids. A wide range of catalysts have been studied, including conventional Mo-based sulfide catalysts and noble metal catalysts, with the latter being the primary focus of the recent research because of their excellent catalytic performances and no requirement of environmentally unfriendly sulfur. The reaction mechanisms of HDO of model compounds on noble metal catalysts as well as their efficacy for hydrotreating or stabilization of bio-oil have been recently reported. This review provides a survey of the relevant literatures of recent 10 years about the advances in the understanding of the HDO chemistry of bio-oils and their model compounds mainly on noble metal catalysts.

  14. Measuring bio-oil upgrade intermediates and corrosive species with polarity-matched analytical approaches

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Connatser, Raynella M.; Lewis, Sr., Samuel Arthur; Keiser, James R.; Choi, Jae -Soon

    2014-10-03

    Integrating biofuels with conventional petroleum products requires improvements in processing to increase blendability with existing fuels. This work demonstrates analysis techniques for more hydrophilic bio-oil liquids that give improved quantitative and qualitative description of the total acid content and organic acid profiles. To protect infrastructure from damage and reduce the cost associated with upgrading, accurate determination of acid content and representative chemical compound analysis are central imperatives to assessing both the corrosivity and the progress toward removing oxygen and acidity in processed biomass liquids. Established techniques form an ample basis for bio-liquids evaluation. However, early in the upgrading process, themore » unique physical phases and varied hydrophilicity of many pyrolysis liquids can render analytical methods originally designed for use in petroleum-derived oils inadequate. In this work, the water solubility of the organic acids present in bio-oils is exploited in a novel extraction and titration technique followed by analysis on the water-based capillary electrophoresis (CE) platform. The modification of ASTM D664, the standard for Total Acid Number (TAN), to include aqueous carrier solvents improves the utility of that approach for quantifying acid content in hydrophilic bio-oils. Termed AMTAN (modified Total Acid Number), this technique offers 1.2% relative standard deviation and dynamic range comparable to the conventional ASTM method. Furthermore, the results of corrosion product evaluations using several different sources of real bio-oil are discussed in the context of the unique AMTAN and CE analytical approaches developed to facilitate those measurements.« less

  15. Nanoscale mass conveyors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Regan, Brian C.; Aloni, Shaul; Zettl, Alexander K.

    2008-03-11

    A mass transport method and device for individually delivering chargeable atoms or molecules from source particles is disclosed. It comprises a channel; at least one source particle of chargeable material fixed to the surface of the channel at a position along its length; a means of heating the channel; and a means for applying an controllable electric field along the channel, whereby the device transports the atoms or molecules along the channel in response to applied electric field. In a preferred embodiment, the mass transport device will comprise a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT), although other one dimensional structures may also be used. The MWNT or other structure acts as a channel for individual or small collections of atoms due to the atomic smoothness of the material. Also preferred is a source particle of a metal such as indium. The particles move by dissociation into small units, in some cases, individual atoms. The particles are preferably less than 100 nm in size.

  16. Single event mass spectrometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Conzemius, Robert J.

    1990-01-16

    A means and method for single event time of flight mass spectrometry for analysis of specimen materials. The method of the invention includes pulsing an ion source imposing at least one pulsed ion onto the specimen to produce a corresponding emission of at least one electrically charged particle. The emitted particle is then dissociated into a charged ion component and an uncharged neutral component. The ion and neutral components are then detected. The time of flight of the components are recorded and can be used to analyze the predecessor of the components, and therefore the specimen material. When more than one ion particle is emitted from the specimen per single ion impact, the single event time of flight mass spectrometer described here furnis This invention was made with Government support under Contract No. W-7405-ENG82 awarded by the Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.

  17. Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, Ryan T.; Marginean, Ioan; Tang, Keqi

    2014-06-13

    Electrospray Ionization (ESI) is a process whereby gas phase ions are created from molecules in solution. As a solution exits a narrow tube in the presence of a strong electric field, an aerosol of charged droplets are is formed that produces gas phase ions as they it desolvates. ESI-MS comprises the creation of ions by ESI and the determination of their mass to charge ratio (m/z) by MS.

  18. Solution mass measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, W.; Marshall, R.S.; Osborn, L.C.; Picard, R.; Thomas, C.C. Jr.

    1982-07-01

    This report describes the efforts to develop and demonstrate a solution mass measurement system for use at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility. Because of inaccuracy of load cell measurements, our major effort was directed towards the pneumatic bubbler tube. The differential pressure between the air inlet to the bubbler tube and the glovebox interior is measured and is proportional to the solution mass in the tank. An inexpensive, reliable pressure transducer system for measuring solution mass in vertical, cylindrical tanks was developed, tested, and evaluated in a laboratory test bed. The system can withstand the over- and underpressures resulting from solution transfer operations and can prevent solution backup into the measurement pressure transducer during transfers. Drifts, noise, quantization error, and other effects limit the accuracy to 30 g. A transportable calibration system using a precision machined tank, pneumatic bubbler tubes, and a Ruska DDR 6000 electromanometer was designed, fabricated, tested, and evaluated. Resolution of the system is +-3.5 g out of 50 kg. The calibration error is 5 g, using room-temperature water as the calibrating fluid. Future efforts will be directed towards in-plant test and evaluation of the tank measurement systems. 16 figures, 3 tables.

  19. Evolution of heavy metals in municipal solid waste during bio-drying and implications of their subsequent transfer during combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Dongqing; Zhang Hua; Wu Changlin; Shao Liming; He Pinjing

    2011-08-15

    Bio-drying has been applied to improve the heating value of municipal solid waste (MSW) prior to combustion. In the present study, evolution of heavy metals in MSW during bio-drying and subsequent combustion was studied using one aerobic and two combined hydrolytic-aerobic scenarios. Heavy metals were concentrated during bio-drying and transformed between different metal fractions, namely the exchangeable, carbonate-bound, iron- and manganese-oxides-bound, organic-matter-bound and residual fractions. The amounts of heavy metals per kg of bio-dried MSW transferred into combustion flue gas increased with bio-drying time, primarily due to metals enrichment from organics degradation. Because of their volatility, the partitioning ratios of As and Hg in flue gas remained stable so that bio-drying and heavy metal speciation had little effect on their transfer and partitioning during combustion. In contrast, the partitioning ratios of Pb, Zn and Cu tended to increase after bio-drying, which likely enhanced their release potential during combustion.

  20. Heat and mass exchanger

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lowenstein, Andrew; Sibilia, Marc J.; Miller, Jeffrey A.; Tonon, Thomas

    2007-09-18

    A mass and heat exchanger includes at least one first substrate with a surface for supporting a continuous flow of a liquid thereon that either absorbs, desorbs, evaporates or condenses one or more gaseous species from or to a surrounding gas; and at least one second substrate operatively associated with the first substrate. The second substrate includes a surface for supporting the continuous flow of the liquid thereon and is adapted to carry a heat exchange fluid therethrough, wherein heat transfer occurs between the liquid and the heat exchange fluid.