National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for autonomous region china

  1. REpower North China Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: REpower North (China) Ltd Place: Baotou, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 14033 Product: Joint venture to manufacture 2MW...

  2. China Xining New Energy Development | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Energy Development Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Xining New Energy Development Place: Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Product: China-based company that manufactures...

  3. China Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home China Geothermal Region Details Areas (0) Power Plants (0) Projects (0) Techniques (0) References...

  4. China Xinjiang Sunoasis Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sunoasis Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Xinjiang Sunoasis Co Ltd Place: Urumuqi, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Zip: 830011 Product: PV module and other...

  5. China Tong Liao Baolong New Energy Ltd CTB | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tong Liao Baolong New Energy Ltd CTB Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Tong Liao Baolong New Energy Ltd (CTB) Place: Tongliao, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector:...

  6. Regional Climate Effects of Aerosols Over China: Modeling and Observation

    SciTech Connect

    Qian, Yun; Leung, Lai R.; Ghan, Steven J.; Giorgi, Filippo

    2003-09-01

    We present regional simulations of aerosol properties, direct radiative forcing and aerosol climatic effects over China, and compare the simulations with observed aerosol characteristics and climatic data over the region. The climate simulations are performed with a regional climate model, which is shown to capture the spatial distribution and seasonal pattern of temperature and precipitation. Aerosol concentrations are obtained from a global tracer-transport model and are provided to the regional model for the calculation of radiative forcing. Different aerosols are included: sulfate, organic carbon, black carbon, mineral dust, and sea salt and MSA particles. Generally, the aerosol optical depth is well simulated in both magnitude and spatial distribution. The direct radiative forcing of the aerosol is in the range of –1 to –14 W m-2 in autumn and summer and -1 to –9 W m-2 in spring and winter, with substantial spatial variability at the regional scale. A strong maximum in aerosol optical depth and negative radiative forcing is found over the Sichuan Basin. The negative radiative forcing of aerosol induces a surface cooling in the range of –0.6 to –1.2oC in autumn and winter, –0.3 to –0.6oC in spring and 0.0 to –0.9oC in summer throughout East China. The aerosol-induced cooling is mainly due to a decrease in day-time maximum temperature. The cooling is maximum and is statistically significant over the Sichuan Basin. The effect of aerosol on precipitation is not evident in our simulations. The temporal and spatial patterns of the temperature trends observed in the second half of the twentieth century, including different trends for daily maximum and minimum temperature, are at least qualitatively consistent with the simulated aerosol-induced cooling over the Sichuan Basin and East China. This result supports the hypothesis that the observed temperature trends during the latter decades of the twentieth century, especially the cooling trends over the

  7. Longsheng Gezu Autonomous County Xinglong Hydro electricity Co...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Xinglong Hydro electricity Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Longsheng Gezu Autonomous County Xinglong Hydro-electricity Co., Ltd. Place: Guilin, Guangxi Autonomous Region,...

  8. Scenarios of Building Energy Demand for China with a Detailed Regional Representation

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, Sha; Eom, Jiyong; Zhou, Yuyu; Evans, Meredydd; Clarke, Leon E.

    2014-02-07

    Building energy consumption currently accounts for 28% of Chinas total energy use and is expected to continue to grow induced by floorspace expansion, income growth, and population change. Fuel sources and building services are also evolving over time as well as across regions and building types. To understand sectoral and regional difference in building energy use and how socioeconomic, physical, and technological development influence the evolution of the Chinese building sector, this study developed a building energy use model for China downscaled into four climate regions under an integrated assessment framework. Three building types (rural residential, urban residential, and commercial) were modeled specifically in each climate region. Our study finds that the Cold and Hot Summer Cold Winter regions lead in total building energy use. The impact of climate change on heating energy use is more significant than that of cooling energy use in most climate regions. Both rural and urban households will experience fuel switch from fossil fuel to cleaner fuels. Commercial buildings will experience rapid growth in electrification and energy intensity. Improved understanding of Chinese buildings with climate change highlighted in this study will help policy makers develop targeted policies and prioritize building energy efficiency measures.

  9. Autonomous vehicles

    SciTech Connect

    Meyrowitz, A.L.; Blidberg, D.R.; Michelson, R.C. |

    1996-08-01

    There are various kinds of autonomous vehicles (AV`s) which can operate with varying levels of autonomy. This paper is concerned with underwater, ground, and aerial vehicles operating in a fully autonomous (nonteleoperated) mode. Further, this paper deals with AV`s as a special kind of device, rather than full-scale manned vehicles operating unmanned. The distinction is one in which the AV is likely to be designed for autonomous operation rather than being adapted for it as would be the case for manned vehicles. The authors provide a survey of the technological progress that has been made in AV`s, the current research issues and approaches that are continuing that progress, and the applications which motivate this work. It should be noted that issues of control are pervasive regardless of the kind of AV being considered, but that there are special considerations in the design and operation of AV`s depending on whether the focus is on vehicles underwater, on the ground, or in the air. The authors have separated the discussion into sections treating each of these categories.

  10. INL Autonomous Navigation System

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2005-03-30

    The INL Autonomous Navigation System provides instructions for autonomously navigating a robot. The system permits high-speed autonomous navigation including obstacle avoidance, waypoing navigation and path planning in both indoor and outdoor environments.

  11. China

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    9%2A en NNSA Transfers Responsibility for Radiation Detection System to China Customs http:nnsa.energy.govmediaroompressreleasesnnsa%E2%80%99s-second-line-defense

  12. Regional Analysis of Building Distributed Energy Costs and CO2 Abatement: A U.S. - China Comparison

    SciTech Connect

    Mendes, Goncalo; Feng, Wei; Stadler, Michael; Steinbach, Jan; Lai, Judy; Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Ding, Yan; Zhao, Jing; Tian, Zhe; Zhu, Neng

    2014-04-09

    The following paper conducts a regional analysis of the U.S. and Chinese buildings? potential for adopting Distributed Energy Resources (DER). The expected economics of DER in 2020-2025 is modeled for a commercial and a multi-family residential building in different climate zones. The optimal building energy economic performance is calculated using the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER CAM) which minimizes building energy costs for a typical reference year of operation. Several DER such as combined heat and power (CHP) units, photovoltaics, and battery storage are considered. The results indicate DER have economic and environmental competitiveness potential, especially for commercial buildings in hot and cold climates of both countries. In the U.S., the average expected energy cost savings in commercial buildings from DER CAM?s suggested investments is 17percent, while in Chinese buildings is 12percent. The electricity tariffs structure and prices along with the cost of natural gas, represent important factors in determining adoption of DER, more so than climate. High energy pricing spark spreads lead to increased economic attractiveness of DER. The average emissions reduction in commercial buildings is 19percent in the U.S. as a result of significant investments in PV, whereas in China, it is 20percent and driven by investments in CHP. Keywords: Building Modeling and Simulation, Distributed Energy Resources (DER), Energy Efficiency, Combined Heat and Power (CHP), CO2 emissions 1. Introduction The transition from a centralized and fossil-based energy paradigm towards the decentralization of energy supply and distribution has been a major subject of research over the past two decades. Various concerns have brought the traditional model into question; namely its environmental footprint, its structural inflexibility and inefficiency, and more recently, its inability to maintain acceptable reliability of supply. Under such a troubled setting

  13. Autonomous electrochromic assembly

    DOEpatents

    Berland, Brian Spencer; Lanning, Bruce Roy; Stowell, Jr., Michael Wayne

    2015-03-10

    This disclosure describes system and methods for creating an autonomous electrochromic assembly, and systems and methods for use of the autonomous electrochromic assembly in combination with a window. Embodiments described herein include an electrochromic assembly that has an electrochromic device, an energy storage device, an energy collection device, and an electrochromic controller device. These devices may be combined into a unitary electrochromic insert assembly. The electrochromic assembly may have the capability of generating power sufficient to operate and control an electrochromic device. This control may occur through the application of a voltage to an electrochromic device to change its opacity state. The electrochromic assembly may be used in combination with a window.

  14. Autonomous data transmission apparatus

    DOEpatents

    Kotlyar, Oleg M. (4675 W. 3825 S, Salt Lake City, UT 84120)

    1997-01-01

    A autonomous borehole data transmission apparatus for transmitting measurement data from measuring instruments at the downhole end of a drill string by generating pressure pulses utilizing a transducer longitudinally responsive to magnetic field pulses caused by electrical pulses corresponding to the measured downhole parameters.

  15. Autonomous data transmission apparatus

    DOEpatents

    Kotlyar, O.M.

    1997-03-25

    A autonomous borehole data transmission apparatus is described for transmitting measurement data from measuring instruments at the downhole end of a drill string by generating pressure pulses utilizing a transducer longitudinally responsive to magnetic field pulses caused by electrical pulses corresponding to the measured downhole parameters. 4 figs.

  16. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to China (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    China

  17. Modeling regional/urban ozone and particulate matter in Beijing, China.

    SciTech Connect

    Fu, J.S.; Streets, D.G.; Jang, C.J.; Hao, J.; He, K.; Wang, L.; Zhang, Q.

    2009-01-15

    This paper examines Beijing air quality in the winter and summer of 2001 using an integrated air quality modeling system (Fifth Generation Mesoscale Meteorological Model (MM5)/Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ)) in nested mode. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific (TRACE-P) emission inventory is used in the 36- (East Asia), 12- (East China), and 4-km (greater Beijing area) domains. Furthermore, we develop a local Beijing emission inventory that is used in the 4-km domain. We also construct a corroborated mapping of chemical species between the TRACE-P inventory and the Carbon Bond IV (CB-IV) chemical mechanism before the integrated modeling system is applied to study ozone (O{sub 3}) and particulate matter (PM) in Beijing. Meteorological data for the integrated modeling runs are extracted from MM5. Model results show O{sub 3} hourly concentrations in the range of 80-159 parts per billion (ppb) during summer in the urban areas and up to 189 ppb downwind of the city. High fine PM (PM2.5) concentrations (monthly average of 75 {mu}g.m{sup -3} in summer and 150 {mu}g.m{sup -3} in winter) are simulated over the metropolitan and down-wind areas with significant secondary constituents. Major sources of particulates were biomass burning, coal combustion and industry. A comparison against available O{sub 3} and PM measurement data in Beijing is described. We recommend refinements to the developed local Beijing emission inventory to improve the simulation of Beijing's air quality. The 4-km modeling configuration is also recommended for the development of air pollution control strategies. 31 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

  18. Thinking"" telescopes for autonomous space situational awareness...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Thinking"" telescopes for autonomous space situational awareness Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Thinking"" telescopes for autonomous space situational...

  19. Computing architecture for autonomous microgrids

    DOEpatents

    Goldsmith, Steven Y.

    2015-09-29

    A computing architecture that facilitates autonomously controlling operations of a microgrid is described herein. A microgrid network includes numerous computing devices that execute intelligent agents, each of which is assigned to a particular entity (load, source, storage device, or switch) in the microgrid. The intelligent agents can execute in accordance with predefined protocols to collectively perform computations that facilitate uninterrupted control of the .

  20. Computing architecture for autonomous microgrids

    DOEpatents

    Goldsmith, Steven Y.

    2015-09-29

    A computing architecture that facilitates autonomously controlling operations of a microgrid is described herein. A microgrid network includes numerous computing devices that execute intelligent agents, each of which is assigned to a particular entity (load, source, storage device, or switch) in the microgrid. The intelligent agents can execute in accordance with predefined protocols to collectively perform computations that facilitate uninterrupted control of the microgrid.

  1. Autonomic Computing: Freedom or a Threat?

    SciTech Connect

    Fink, Glenn A.; Frincke, Deb

    2007-12-01

    No longer is the question whether autonomic computing will gain general acceptance but when. Experts expect autonomic computing to be widely used within 10 years. When it does become mainstream, how will autonomics change system administration and corporations, and will the change be for better or worse? The answer depends on how well we anticipate the limitations of what autonomic systems are suited to do, whether we can collectively address the vulnerabilities of autonomic approaches as we draw upon the advantages, and whether administrators, companies, partners, and users are prepared for the transition. This article presents some design considerations to address the first two issues and some suggested survival techniques for the third.

  2. Hazardous waste and environmental trade: China`s issues

    SciTech Connect

    Ma Jiang

    1996-12-31

    By presenting some case studies, this paper analyzes China`s situation with regard to hazardous waste: its environmental trade, treatment, and management. The paper describes China`s experiences with the environmental trade of hazardous waste in both the internal and international market. Regulations for managing the import of waste are discussed, as are China`s major approaches to the trading of hazardous waste both at home and overseas. The major reasons for setting up the Asian-Pacific Regional Training Center for Technology Transfer and Environmental Sound Management of Wastes in China and the activities involved in this effort are also described. 1 tab.

  3. The Autonomous Pathogen Detection System

    SciTech Connect

    Dzenitis, J M; Makarewicz, A J

    2009-01-13

    We developed, tested, and now operate a civilian biological defense capability that continuously monitors the air for biological threat agents. The Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) collects, prepares, reads, analyzes, and reports results of multiplexed immunoassays and multiplexed PCR assays using Luminex{copyright} xMAP technology and flow cytometer. The mission we conduct is particularly demanding: continuous monitoring, multiple threat agents, high sensitivity, challenging environments, and ultimately extremely low false positive rates. Here, we introduce the mission requirements and metrics, show the system engineering and analysis framework, and describe the progress to date including early development and current status.

  4. Regional Opportunities for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage in China: A Comprehensive CO2 Storage Cost Curve and Analysis of the Potential for Large Scale Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage in the People’s Republic of China

    SciTech Connect

    Dahowski, Robert T.; Li, Xiaochun; Davidson, Casie L.; Wei, Ning; Dooley, James J.

    2009-12-01

    This study presents data and analysis on the potential for carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies to deploy within China, including a survey of the CO2 source fleet and potential geologic storage capacity. The results presented here indicate that there is significant potential for CCS technologies to deploy in China at a level sufficient to deliver deep, sustained and cost-effective emissions reductions for China over the course of this century.

  5. Autonomous Control of Space Reactor Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Belle R. Upadhyaya; K. Zhao; S.R.P. Perillo; Xiaojia Xu; M.G. Na

    2007-11-30

    Autonomous and semi-autonomous control is a key element of space reactor design in order to meet the mission requirements of safety, reliability, survivability, and life expectancy. Interrestrial nuclear power plants, human operators are avilable to perform intelligent control functions that are necessary for both normal and abnormal operational conditions.

  6. Effects of two Asian sand dusts transported from the dust source regions of Inner Mongolia and northeast China on murine lung eosinophilia

    SciTech Connect

    He, Miao; Ichinose, Takamichi; Song, Yuan; Yoshida, Yasuhiro; Arashidani, Keiichi; Yoshida, Seiichi; Liu, Boying; Nishikawa, Masataka; Takano, Hirohisa; and others

    2013-11-01

    The quality and quantity of toxic materials adsorbed onto Asian sand dust (ASD) are different based on dust source regions and passage routes. The aggravating effects of two ASDs (ASD1 and ASD2) transported from the source regions of Inner Mongolia and northeast China on lung eosinophilia were compared to clarify the role of toxic materials in ASD. The ASDs contained different amounts of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and β-glucan (ASD1 < ASD2) and SiO{sub 2} (ASD1 > ASD2). CD-1 mice were instilled intratracheally with ASD1, ASD2 and/or ovalbumin (OVA) four times at 2-week intervals. ASD1 and ASD2 enhanced eosinophil recruitment induced by OVA in the submucosa of the airway, with goblet cell proliferation in the bronchial epithelium. ASD1 and ASD2 synergistically increased OVA-induced eosinophil-relevant cytokines interleukin-5 (IL-5), IL-13 (ASD1 < ASD2) and chemokine eotaxin (ASD1 > ASD2) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. ASD2 aggravating effects on lung eosinophilia were greater than ASD1. The role of LPS and β-glucan in ASD2 on the production of pro-inflammatory mediators was assessed using in vitro bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) from wild type, Toll-like receptor 2-deficient (TLR2 −/−), TLR4 −/−, and MyD88 −/− mice (on Balb/c background). ASD2-stimulated TLR2 −/− BMDMs enhanced IL-6, IL-12, TNF-α, MCP-1 and MIP-1α secretion compared with ASD2-stimulated TLR4 −/− BMDMs. Protein expression from ASD2-stimulated MyD88 −/− BMDM were very low or undetectable. The in vitro results indicate that lung eosinophilia caused by ASD is TLR4 dependent. Therefore, the aggravation of OVA-related lung eosinophilia by ASD may be dependent on toxic substances derived from microbes, such as LPS, rather than SiO{sub 2}. - Highlights: • Asian sand dust (ASD) from the deserts of China causes serious respiratory problems. • The aggravating effects of two ASDs on lung eosinophilia were compared. • The ASDs contained different LPS and β-glucan (ASD1

  7. Petroleum geology of Giant oil and gas fields in Turpan Basin Xinjiang China

    SciTech Connect

    Boliang, Hu; Jiajing, Yang,

    1995-08-01

    Turpan Basin is the smallest and the last development basin in three big basins of Xinjiang autonomous region, P.R. China. Since April, 1989, the Shanshan oilfield was discovered, the Oinling, Wenjisang, Midang, Baka, Qiudong and North Putaogou fields were discovered. In 1994, the crude oil productivity of Turpan Basin was a Million tons, with an estimated output of 3 million tons per year by 1995; obviously a key oil productive base in the west basins of China, Tarim, Jungar, Chaidam, Hexi, Erduos and Sichuan Basins. The Turpan Basin is an intermontane basin in a eugeosyncline foldbelt of the north Tianshan Mountains. The oil and gas was produced from the payzone of the Xishanyao, Sanjianfang and Qiketai Formatiosn of the Middle Jurassic series. The geochemical characteristics of the crude oil and gas indicate they derive from the Middle to Lower Jurassic coal series, in which contains the best oil-prone source rocks in the basin.

  8. Autonomous Control of Space Reactor Systems (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Autonomous Control of Space Reactor Systems Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Autonomous Control of Space Reactor Systems You are accessing a document from the ...

  9. Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County Jinsheng Hydro Power Co Ltd | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County Jinsheng Hydro Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County Jinsheng Hydro Power Co., Ltd. Place: Laibin, Guangxi...

  10. Sanheyuan Hydropower Development Co Ltd in Sunan Yugur Autonomous...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sanheyuan Hydropower Development Co Ltd in Sunan Yugur Autonomous County Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sanheyuan Hydropower Development Co., Ltd. in Sunan Yugur Autonomous...

  11. Autonomous navigation system and method

    DOEpatents

    Bruemmer, David J. [Idaho Falls, ID; Few, Douglas A. [Idaho Falls, ID

    2009-09-08

    A robot platform includes perceptors, locomotors, and a system controller, which executes instructions for autonomously navigating a robot. The instructions repeat, on each iteration through an event timing loop, the acts of defining an event horizon based on the robot's current velocity, detecting a range to obstacles around the robot, testing for an event horizon intrusion by determining if any range to the obstacles is within the event horizon, and adjusting rotational and translational velocity of the robot accordingly. If the event horizon intrusion occurs, rotational velocity is modified by a proportion of the current rotational velocity reduced by a proportion of the range to the nearest obstacle and translational velocity is modified by a proportion of the range to the nearest obstacle. If no event horizon intrusion occurs, translational velocity is set as a ratio of a speed factor relative to a maximum speed.

  12. Autonomous Demand Response for Primary Frequency Regulation

    SciTech Connect

    Donnelly, Matt; Trudnowski, Daniel J.; Mattix, S.; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2012-02-28

    The research documented within this report examines the use of autonomous demand response to provide primary frequency response in an interconnected power grid. The work builds on previous studies in several key areas: it uses a large realistic model (i.e., the interconnection of the western United States and Canada); it establishes a set of metrics that can be used to assess the effectiveness of autonomous demand response; and it independently adjusts various parameters associated with using autonomous demand response to assess effectiveness and to examine possible threats or vulnerabilities associated with the technology.

  13. Xinjiang Xinshui Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Zip: 830063 Sector: Hydro Product: Developer of small hydro plants based in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Coordinates: 43.7952,...

  14. Sensorpedia: Information Sharing Across Autonomous Sensor Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Gorman, Bryan L; Resseguie, David R; Tomkins-Tinch, Christopher H

    2009-01-01

    The concept of adapting social media technologies is introduced as a means of achieving information sharing across autonomous sensor systems. Historical examples of interoperability as an underlying principle in loosely-coupled systems is compared and contrasted with corresponding tightly-coupled, integrated systems. Examples of ad hoc information sharing solutions based on Web 2.0 social networks, mashups, blogs, wikis, and data tags are presented and discussed. The underlying technologies of these solutions are isolated and defined, and Sensorpedia is presented as a formalized application for implementing sensor information sharing across large-scale enterprises with incompatible autonomous sensor systems.

  15. Autonomous global sky monitoring with real-time robotic follow...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Autonomous global sky monitoring with real-time robotic follow-up Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Autonomous global sky monitoring with real-time robotic...

  16. Control algorithms for autonomous robot navigation

    SciTech Connect

    Jorgensen, C.C.

    1985-09-20

    This paper examines control algorithm requirements for autonomous robot navigation outside laboratory environments. Three aspects of navigation are considered: navigation control in explored terrain, environment interactions with robot sensors, and navigation control in unanticipated situations. Major navigation methods are presented and relevance of traditional human learning theory is discussed. A new navigation technique linking graph theory and incidental learning is introduced.

  17. Landsat and SPOT data for oil exploration in North-Western China

    SciTech Connect

    Nishidai, Takashi

    1996-07-01

    Satellite remote sensing technology has been employed by Japex to provide information related to oil exploration programs for many years. Since the beginning of the 1980`s, regional geological interpretation through to advanced studies using satellite imagery with high spectral and spatial resolutions (such as Landsat TM and SPOT HRV), have been carried out, for both exploration programs and for scientific research. Advanced techniques (including analysis of airborne hyper-multispectral imaging sensor data) as well as conventional photogeological techniques were used throughout these programs. The first program using remote sensing technology in China focused on the Tarim Basin, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and was carried out using Landsat MSS data. Landsat MSS imagery allows us to gain useful preliminary geological information about an area of interest, prior to field studies. About 90 Landsat scenes cover the entire Xinjiang Uygru Autonomous Region, this allowed us to give comprehensive overviews of 3 hydrocarbon-bearing basins (Tarim, Junggar, and Turpan-Hami) in NW China. The overviews were based on the interpretations and assessments of the satellite imagery and on a synthesis of the most up-to-date accessible geological and geophysical data as well as some field works. Pairs of stereoscopic SPOT HRV images were used to generate digital elevation data with a 40 in grid cover for part of the Tarim Basin. Topographic contour maps, created from this digital elevation data, at scales of 1:250,000 and 1:100,000 with contour intervals of 100 m and 50 m, allowed us to make precise geological interpretation, and to carry out swift and efficient geological field work. Satellite imagery was also utilized to make medium scale to large scale image maps, not only to interpret geological features but also to support field workers and seismic survey field operations.

  18. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Shouxian, China for the

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Study of Aerosol Indirect Effects in China () | Data Explorer Shouxian, China for the Study of Aerosol Indirect Effects in China Title: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Shouxian, China for the Study of Aerosol Indirect Effects in China In a complex ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) deployment, monitoring data was collected at four locations in China during 2008. The various sites are located in regions with different climate regimes and with high aerosol loadings of different

  19. System for autonomous monitoring of bioagents

    DOEpatents

    Langlois, Richard G.; Milanovich, Fred P.; Colston, Jr, Billy W.; Brown, Steve B.; Masquelier, Don A.; Mariella, Jr., Raymond P.; Venkateswaran, Kodomudi

    2015-06-09

    An autonomous monitoring system for monitoring for bioagents. A collector gathers the air, water, soil, or substance being monitored. A sample preparation means for preparing a sample is operatively connected to the collector. A detector for detecting the bioagents in the sample is operatively connected to the sample preparation means. One embodiment of the present invention includes confirmation means for confirming the bioagents in the sample.

  20. Precise laser gyroscope for autonomous inertial navigation

    SciTech Connect

    Kuznetsov, A G; Molchanov, A V; Izmailov, E A; Chirkin, M V

    2015-01-31

    Requirements to gyroscopes of strapdown inertial navigation systems for aircraft application are formulated. The construction of a ring helium – neon laser designed for autonomous navigation is described. The processes that determine the laser service life and the relation between the random error of the angular velocity measurement and the surface relief features of the cavity mirrors are analysed. The results of modelling one of the promising approaches to processing the laser gyroscope signals are presented. (laser gyroscopes)

  1. Regional Analysis Briefs

    Reports and Publications

    2028-01-01

    Regional Analysis Briefs (RABs) provide an overview of specific regions that play an important role in world energy markets, either directly or indirectly. These briefs cover areas that are currently major producers (Caspian Sea), have geopolitical importance (South China Sea), or may have future potential as producers or transit areas (East Africa, Eastern Mediterranean).

  2. Autonomous Intelligent Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Autonomous Intelligent Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) Autonomous Intelligent Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting vss092_malikopoulos_2012_p.pdf (922.92 KB) More Documents & Publications Autonomous Intelligent Hybrid Propulsion Systems The Meritor Dual Mode Hybrid Powertrain CRADA The Meritor Dual Mode Hybrid Powertrain CRADA

  3. Design and Implementation of a new Autonomous Sensor Fish to...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Design and Implementation of a new Autonomous Sensor Fish to Support Advanced Hydropower ... perform laboratory and in-field validation of turbine performance and fish passage claims. ...

  4. Development of autonomous magnetometer rotorcraft for wide area...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    An UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) magnetometer platform is an obvious alternative. The ... on the following three elements a) An assessment on the applicability of autonomous ...

  5. "Thinking" Telescopes: An Autonomous Robotic Ecosystem for Persistent...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Telescopes: An Autonomous Robotic Ecosystem for Persistent Monitoring and Real-Time Response Citation Details In-Document Search Title: "Thinking" Telescopes: An...

  6. "Thinking" Telescopes: An Autonomous Robotic Ecosystem for Persistent...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: "Thinking" Telescopes: An Autonomous Robotic Ecosystem for Persistent Monitoring and Real-Time Response Citation Details In-Document Search Title: "Thinking"...

  7. Reactor power for large displacement autonomous underwater vehicles...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS autonomous underwater vehicle; reactor power Word Cloud More ...

  8. Microscale autonomous sensor and communications module

    DOEpatents

    Okandan, Murat; Nielson, Gregory N

    2014-03-25

    Various technologies pertaining to a microscale autonomous sensor and communications module are described herein. Such a module includes a sensor that generates a sensor signal that is indicative of an environmental parameter. An integrated circuit receives the sensor signal and generates an output signal based at least in part upon the sensor signal. An optical emitter receives the output signal and generates an optical signal as a function of the output signal. An energy storage device is configured to provide power to at least the integrated circuit and the optical emitter, and wherein the module has a relatively small diameter and thickness.

  9. China`s macro economic trends and power industry structure

    SciTech Connect

    Binsheng Li; Johnson, C.J.; Hagen, R.

    1994-09-01

    Since China adopted an open door policy in 1978, its economy has grown rapidly. Between 1980 and 1993, China`s real GNP growth averaged 9.4 percent per year. Economists at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences forecast that GNP will increase by 11.5 percent in 1994. During the rest of the decade, the Chinese government plans to reduce its annual GNP growth rate to 8-9 percent. During the 2001-2010 period, the economic growth rate is projected to decline to 6.5 percent per year. Table 1 compares China`s economic growth to other Asia-Pacific Economies, and includes projections to 2010. During the 1980s, China`s GDP growth rate was only second to that of South Korea. In the 1990`s, China is projected to have the highest economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region. China`s rapid economic growth is due to dramatic increases in the effective labor supply and effective capital stock. For the remainder of the 1990s, the effective labor supply should continue to increase rapidly because: (1) Chinese state enterprises are over-staffed and labor system reforms will move millions of these workers into more productive activities; (2) reforms in the wage system will provide increased incentives to work harder; (3) relaxation of migration controls from rural to urban areas will cause nominal labor in the industrial sector to accelerate; (4) differentials in personal income will increase and develop peer pressure on workers to work harder and earn more money; and (5) at China`s low personal income level, Chinese people are willing to trade leisure for more income as wages increase.

  10. Acceptance Criteria Framework for Autonomous Biological Detectors

    SciTech Connect

    Dzenitis, J M

    2006-12-12

    The purpose of this study was to examine a set of user acceptance criteria for autonomous biological detection systems for application in high-traffic, public facilities. The test case for the acceptance criteria was the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) operating in high-traffic facilities in New York City (NYC). However, the acceptance criteria were designed to be generally applicable to other biological detection systems in other locations. For such detection systems, ''users'' will include local authorities (e.g., facility operators, public health officials, and law enforcement personnel) and national authorities [including personnel from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the BioWatch Program, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)]. The panel members brought expertise from a broad range of backgrounds to complete this picture. The goals of this document are: (1) To serve as informal guidance for users in considering the benefits and costs of these systems. (2) To serve as informal guidance for developers in understanding the needs of users. In follow-up work, this framework will be used to systematically document the APDS for appropriateness and readiness for use in NYC.

  11. Autonomous uninterruptible power-supply apparatus

    SciTech Connect

    Masson, J.H.

    1984-12-20

    This invention relates broadly to a power supply apparatus, and in particular to an autonomous uninterruptible power supply apparatus. The purpose of an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) is to protect critical electrical loads from transient or steady-stage outages or disturbances in the primary power source. The basic configuration of a typical, commercially available, uninterruptible power supply is comprised at a minimum of a standby battery and a battery charger and may also include an inverter for AC applications. Systems of this type can be found in most computer installations and laboratory systems that cannot tolerate even momentary disturbances of input power. This document describes an autonomous uninterruptible power-supply apparatus utilizing a digital-processor unit as a control and monitor unit to measure and control input and output parameters in the power supply. A battery charger is utilized to maintain the voltage and current levels with the backup battery supply source which powers an inverter unit that converts the DC power to an AC output.

  12. Autonomous controller employing 155IP3 arithmetic-logic unit

    SciTech Connect

    Laptev, A.B.; Fokin, E.Y.; Marchenkov, V.V.; Tubol'tsev, Y.V.

    1985-05-01

    This paper describes an autonomous CAMAC crate controller and its software. The controller is intended for use in autonomous subsystems designed for autonomous control, measurement, preselection, storage, representation and transmission of data. The software that has been developed contains a number of common subroutines, a computer-communications program and the CAMAC-oriented language COMPAX, which allows the operator to program the controller in convenient text form from the crate terminal. At the present time, the autonomous controller is being used at the Leningrad Institute of Nuclear Physics to develop and build an autonomous measuring station for the GNEIS neutron time-of-flight spectrometer and a local plane for a dose-monitoring system for the PIK reactor under construction.

  13. Autonomous Rule Creation for Intrusion Detection

    SciTech Connect

    Todd Vollmer; Jim Alves-Foss; Milos Manic

    2011-04-01

    Many computational intelligence techniques for anomaly based network intrusion detection can be found in literature. Translating a newly discovered intrusion recognition criteria into a distributable rule can be a human intensive effort. This paper explores a multi-modal genetic algorithm solution for autonomous rule creation. This algorithm focuses on the process of creating rules once an intrusion has been identified, rather than the evolution of rules to provide a solution for intrusion detection. The algorithm was demonstrated on anomalous ICMP network packets (input) and Snort rules (output of the algorithm). Output rules were sorted according to a fitness value and any duplicates were removed. The experimental results on ten test cases demonstrated a 100 percent rule alert rate. Out of 33,804 test packets 3 produced false positives. Each test case produced a minimum of three rule variations that could be used as candidates for a production system.

  14. Xinjiang Guanghui New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Energy Co Ltd Place: Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Product: China-based biofuel producer. References: Xinjiang Guanghui New Energy Co Ltd1 This article is a stub....

  15. Inner Mongolia Sansheng Wind Power | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sansheng Wind Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Sansheng Wind Power Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: China-based...

  16. Guangxi Dachuan Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hydropower Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guangxi Dachuan Hydropower Co. Ltd. Place: Baise, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip: 533300 Sector: Hydro Product: China...

  17. Liuzhou Xinneng Biomass Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Xinneng Biomass Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Liuzhou Xinneng Biomass Power Co Ltd Place: Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Sector: Biomass Product: China-based...

  18. Inner Mongolia Riyue Solar Technology Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Solar Product: China-based solar cell and module manufacturer in Inner Mongolia. References: Inner Mongolia Riyue...

  19. Inner Mongolia DunAn Guangfu Technologies Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guangfu Technologies Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia DunAn Guangfu Technologies Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product: China-based...

  20. Datang Chifeng New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Datang (Chifeng) New Energy Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: A China-based wind developer....

  1. China`s impact on the world crude-oil

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, H.

    1993-12-31

    China`s oil market is in transition, and this has dramatically shaped its crude and petroleum product balances. During the last five years (1989-1993), imports of crude and refined products increased rapidly, while exports of crude and refined products declined year after year. In 1993 petroleum product imports surged to a record high of 354,000 barrels per day (b/d) at the same time that crude imports also increased to a record high of 315,000 b/d. If we combine imports and exports of both crude oil and products, China was a net oil importer of about 200,000 b/d during 1993. This marked the first time since 1960s that China has fallen into net oil importer status. Four major changes have characterized China`s oil imports and exports during the last two decades. First, China has made vigorous efforts to diversify its total exports away from oil-based goods to non-oil items. Second, the composition of oil exports has changed, shifting from dependence on crude oil exports toward a greater proportion of finished or semi-finished products. Third, the oil import pattern has also shifted from primarily heavy products to primarily light products. Finally, Northern China has continued to export oil across the Pacific Basin, but Southern China has begun importing petroleum from Indonesia and the Middle East. These trends indicate that China will become increasingly vital to both the regional and global oil trade. Overall, Asian oil imports are expected to double in the next ten years.

  2. Study of Aerosol Indirect Effects in China

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Aerosol Indirect Effects in China In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is providing the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to conduct a comprehensive investigation of regional aerosol impacts in China as part of a joint program with the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The joint program is under the "Climate Sciences" agreement established in 1987 between the DOE and China Ministry of

  3. Framework for autonomous navigation of a continuous mining machine

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, D.L.

    1989-01-01

    This report includes a discussion of the navigational tasks performed by operators of mobile mining equipment, with the focus on the navigational information and guidance techniques required by continuous mining machine operators. Some previous research and attempts in remote and autonomous navigation of continuous mining machines are mentioned. Issues of research in autonomous navigation of various other mobile robots are presented, with attention focused on their applicability to a continuous mining machine navigating in the mining environment. Conclusions are stated on methods of automating the navigational tasks of a contionuous mining machine, and a decision to concentrate intitial attempts on the tasks of autonomous face navigation is defended. This report includes a presentation of the Bureau's proposed solution for autonomous face navigation of a continous mining machine, which includes the employment of a mobile roof support as a reference for guidance in the face area, and a navigational guidance system for the continuous mining machine.

  4. Autonomous mobile robot for radiologic surveys

    DOEpatents

    Dudar, Aed M.; Wagner, David G.; Teese, Gregory D.

    1994-01-01

    An apparatus for conducting radiologic surveys. The apparatus comprises in the main a robot capable of following a preprogrammed path through an area, a radiation monitor adapted to receive input from a radiation detector assembly, ultrasonic transducers for navigation and collision avoidance, and an on-board computer system including an integrator for interfacing the radiation monitor and the robot. Front and rear bumpers are attached to the robot by bumper mounts. The robot may be equipped with memory boards for the collection and storage of radiation survey information. The on-board computer system is connected to a remote host computer via a UHF radio link. The apparatus is powered by a rechargeable 24-volt DC battery, and is stored at a docking station when not in use and/or for recharging. A remote host computer contains a stored database defining paths between points in the area where the robot is to operate, including but not limited to the locations of walls, doors, stationary furniture and equipment, and sonic markers if used. When a program consisting of a series of paths is downloaded to the on-board computer system, the robot conducts a floor survey autonomously at any preselected rate. When the radiation monitor detects contamination, the robot resurveys the area at reduced speed and resumes its preprogrammed path if the contamination is not confirmed. If the contamination is confirmed, the robot stops and sounds an alarm.

  5. Autonomous mobile robot for radiologic surveys

    DOEpatents

    Dudar, A.M.; Wagner, D.G.; Teese, G.D.

    1994-06-28

    An apparatus is described for conducting radiologic surveys. The apparatus comprises in the main a robot capable of following a preprogrammed path through an area, a radiation monitor adapted to receive input from a radiation detector assembly, ultrasonic transducers for navigation and collision avoidance, and an on-board computer system including an integrator for interfacing the radiation monitor and the robot. Front and rear bumpers are attached to the robot by bumper mounts. The robot may be equipped with memory boards for the collection and storage of radiation survey information. The on-board computer system is connected to a remote host computer via a UHF radio link. The apparatus is powered by a rechargeable 24-volt DC battery, and is stored at a docking station when not in use and/or for recharging. A remote host computer contains a stored database defining paths between points in the area where the robot is to operate, including but not limited to the locations of walls, doors, stationary furniture and equipment, and sonic markers if used. When a program consisting of a series of paths is downloaded to the on-board computer system, the robot conducts a floor survey autonomously at any preselected rate. When the radiation monitor detects contamination, the robot resurveys the area at reduced speed and resumes its preprogrammed path if the contamination is not confirmed. If the contamination is confirmed, the robot stops and sounds an alarm. 5 figures.

  6. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Autonomous Retrieval of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Cloud and Aerosol Properties from ARM Micropulse Lidar Autonomous Retrieval of Cloud and Aerosol Properties from ARM Micropulse Lidar Flynn, Connor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Christy, Jason Columbia University Beus, Sherman PNNL Micropulse Lidar (MPL) have been a core component of ARM active remote sensing for more than a decade. To date, autonomous value-added products developed from the MPL have focused strictly on determination of cloud base and cloud boundaries. We present

  7. Autonomous Control of Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect

    Basher, H.

    2003-10-20

    A nuclear reactor is a complex system that requires highly sophisticated controllers to ensure that desired performance and safety can be achieved and maintained during its operations. Higher-demanding operational requirements such as reliability, lower environmental impacts, and improved performance under adverse conditions in nuclear power plants, coupled with the complexity and uncertainty of the models, necessitate the use of an increased level of autonomy in the control methods. In the opinion of many researchers, the tasks involved during nuclear reactor design and operation (e.g., design optimization, transient diagnosis, and core reload optimization) involve important human cognition and decisions that may be more easily achieved with intelligent methods such as expert systems, fuzzy logic, neural networks, and genetic algorithms. Many experts in the field of control systems share the idea that a higher degree of autonomy in control of complex systems such as nuclear plants is more easily achievable through the integration of conventional control systems and the intelligent components. Researchers have investigated the feasibility of the integration of fuzzy logic, neural networks, genetic algorithms, and expert systems with the conventional control methods to achieve higher degrees of autonomy in different aspects of reactor operations such as reactor startup, shutdown in emergency situations, fault detection and diagnosis, nuclear reactor alarm processing and diagnosis, and reactor load-following operations, to name a few. With the advancement of new technologies and computing power, it is feasible to automate most of the nuclear reactor control and operation, which will result in increased safety and economical benefits. This study surveys current status, practices, and recent advances made towards developing autonomous control systems for nuclear reactors.

  8. Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...

  9. Development of natural gas vehicles in China

    SciTech Connect

    Zongmin, Cheng

    1996-12-31

    Past decade and current status of development of natural gas vehicles (NGVs) in China is described. By the end of 1995, 35 CNG refueling stations and 9 LPG refueling stations had been constructed in 12 regions, and 33,100 vehicles had been converted to run on CNG or LPG. China`s automobile industry, a mainstay of the national economy, is slated for accelerated development over next few years. NGVs will help to solve the problems of environment protection, GHGs mitigation, and shortage of oil supply. The Chinese government has started to promote the development of NGVs. Projects, investment demand, GHG mitigation potential, and development barriers are discussed. China needs to import advanced foreign technologies of CNGs. China`s companies expect to cooperate with foreign partners for import of CNG vehicle refueling compressors, conversions, and light cylinders, etc.

  10. ECOtality China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    ECOtality China Jump to: navigation, search Name: ECOtality China Place: China Product: China-based manufacturer of electric vehicle charging systems. References: ECOtality...

  11. Autonomic Intelligent Cyber Sensor (AICS) Version 1.0.1

    SciTech Connect

    2015-03-01

    The Autonomic Intelligent Cyber Sensor (AICS) provides cyber security and industrial network state awareness for Ethernet based control network implementations. The AICS utilizes collaborative mechanisms based on Autonomic Research and a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) to: 1) identify anomalous network traffic; 2) discover network entity information; 3) deploy deceptive virtual hosts; and 4) implement self-configuring modules. AICS achieves these goals by dynamically reacting to the industrial human-digital ecosystem in which it resides. Information is transported internally and externally on a standards based, flexible two-level communication structure.

  12. Autonomic Intelligent Cyber Sensor (AICS) Version 1.0.1

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2015-03-01

    The Autonomic Intelligent Cyber Sensor (AICS) provides cyber security and industrial network state awareness for Ethernet based control network implementations. The AICS utilizes collaborative mechanisms based on Autonomic Research and a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) to: 1) identify anomalous network traffic; 2) discover network entity information; 3) deploy deceptive virtual hosts; and 4) implement self-configuring modules. AICS achieves these goals by dynamically reacting to the industrial human-digital ecosystem in which it resides. Information is transportedmore » internally and externally on a standards based, flexible two-level communication structure.« less

  13. The emerging multi-polar world and China's grand game (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    In particular I focus on Asia which has two large countries, China and India, competing ... a discussion of what China and India can do to help the region develop and stabilize. ...

  14. AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    China Shouxian Deployment AMF Home Shouxian Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments ... AMF Poster, Mandarin Version News Campaign Images AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China In its ...

  15. Atmospheric transport and outflow of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from China

    SciTech Connect

    Chang Lang; Shu Tao; Wenxin Liu; Yanxu Zhang; Staci Simonich

    2008-07-15

    A potential receptor influence function (PRIF) model, based on air mass forward trajectory calculations, was applied to simulate the atmospheric transport and outflow of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) emitted from China. With a 10 day atmospheric transport time, most neighboring countries and regions, as well as remote regions, were influenced by PAH emissions from China. Of the total annual PAH emission of 114 Gg, 92.7% remained within the boundary of mainland China. The geographic distribution of PRIFs within China was similar to the geographic distribution of the source regions, with high values in the North China Plain, Sichuan Basin, Shanxi, and Guizhou province. The Tarim basin and Sichuan basin had unfavorable meteorological conditions for PAH outflow. Of the PAH outflow from China (8092 tons or 7.1% of the total annual PAH emission), approximately 69.9% (5655 tons) reached no further than the offshore environment of mainland China and the South China Sea. Approximate 227, 71, 746, and 131 tons PAHs reached North Korea, South Korea, Russia-Mongolia region, and Japan, respectively, 2-4 days after the emission. Only 1.4 tons PAHs reached North America after more than 9 days. Interannual variation in the eastward PAH outflow was positively correlated to cold episodes of El Nino/Southern Oscillation. However, trans-Pacific atmospheric transport of PAHs from China was correlated to Pacific North America index (PNA) which is associated with the strength and position of westerly winds. 38 refs., 4 figs.

  16. ESCO Industry in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the development, achievements, and functions of the China Energy Conservation project and ESCO.

  17. China`s Clean Coal Technology Program (translation abstract)

    SciTech Connect

    1994-06-01

    China is the largest producer and consumer of coal in the world. This paper describes China`s program for the development and use of clean coal.

  18. China Energy Primer

    SciTech Connect

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2009-11-16

    Based on extensive analysis of the 'China Energy Databook Version 7' (October 2008) this Primer for China's Energy Industry draws a broad picture of China's energy industry with the two goals of helping users read and interpret the data presented in the 'China Energy Databook' and understand the historical evolution of China's energy inustry. Primer provides comprehensive historical reviews of China's energy industry including its supply and demand, exports and imports, investments, environment, and most importantly, its complicated pricing system, a key element in the analysis of China's energy sector.

  19. Autonomous intelligent assembly systems LDRD 105746 final report.

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, Robert J.

    2013-04-01

    This report documents a three-year to develop technology that enables mobile robots to perform autonomous assembly tasks in unstructured outdoor environments. This is a multi-tier problem that requires an integration of a large number of different software technologies including: command and control, estimation and localization, distributed communications, object recognition, pose estimation, real-time scanning, and scene interpretation. Although ultimately unsuccessful in achieving a target brick stacking task autonomously, numerous important component technologies were nevertheless developed. Such technologies include: a patent-pending polygon snake algorithm for robust feature tracking, a color grid algorithm for uniquely identification and calibration, a command and control framework for abstracting robot commands, a scanning capability that utilizes a compact robot portable scanner, and more. This report describes this project and these developed technologies.

  20. TOWARD HIGHLY SECURE AND AUTONOMIC COMPUTING SYSTEMS: A HIERARCHICAL APPROACH

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin S

    2010-05-11

    The overall objective of this research project is to develop novel architectural techniques as well as system software to achieve a highly secure and intrusion-tolerant computing system. Such system will be autonomous, self-adapting, introspective, with self-healing capability under the circumstances of improper operations, abnormal workloads, and malicious attacks. The scope of this research includes: (1) System-wide, unified introspection techniques for autonomic systems, (2) Secure information-flow microarchitecture, (3) Memory-centric security architecture, (4) Authentication control and its implication to security, (5) Digital right management, (5) Microarchitectural denial-of-service attacks on shared resources. During the period of the project, we developed several architectural techniques and system software for achieving a robust, secure, and reliable computing system toward our goal.

  1. Regional Purchasing

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Regional Partnerships Regional Partnerships DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Program DOE has created a network of seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) to help develop the technology, infrastructure, and regulations to implement large-scale CO2 storage (also called carbon sequestration) in different regions and geologic formations within the Nation. Collectively, the seven RCSPs represent regions encompassing: 97 percent of coal-fired CO2 emissions; 97 percent

  2. Palcan China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Palcan China Place: Shanghai, Shanghai Municipality, China Zip: 200000 Product: Joint venture to produce PEMFC stacks in China at low cost. Coordinates: 31.247709, 121.472618...

  3. Taggart China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Taggart China Jump to: navigation, search Name: Taggart China Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100022 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: US based Taggart Global...

  4. Natcore China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Natcore China Place: China Product: China-based JV formed to develop and manufacture PV cell coating equipment and materials. References: Natcore China1 This article is a stub....

  5. Model simulation of climate changes in China

    SciTech Connect

    Chen Ming; Fu Congbin

    1997-12-31

    At present there are a large amount of work about influence of human activities and industrization on global climate changes. But due to the non-homogeneous boundary layer between earth and atmosphere there exist distinct difference of climate changes between different regions. China locates in the cast edge of Eurasian continent and border on the Pacific Ocean, it is the most famous monsoon region in the world. Climate of this region is very complex not only because of monsoon but also because its complicated topography. Researches about climate change in this region arc far from adequate. For this reason we use the Australia CSIRO 9-level truncated spectral model to nest with our regional climate model to simulate climate changes of China under conditions of double co2. Models arc running continuously for three years in both conditions of present co2 level and double co2 ppm.

  6. Modeling the infrastructure dynamics of China -- Water, agriculture, energy, and greenhouse gases

    SciTech Connect

    Conrad, S.H.; Drennen, T.E.; Engi, D.; Harris, D.L.; Jeppesen, D.M.; Thomas, R.P.

    1998-08-01

    A comprehensive critical infrastructure analysis of the People`s Republic of China was performed to address questions about China`s ability to meet its long-term grain requirements and energy needs and to estimate greenhouse gas emissions in China likely to result from increased agricultural production and energy use. Four dynamic computer simulation models of China`s infrastructures--water, agriculture, energy and greenhouse gas--were developed to simulate, respectively, the hydrologic budgetary processes, grain production and consumption, energy demand, and greenhouse gas emissions in China through 2025. The four models were integrated into a state-of-the-art comprehensive critical infrastructure model for all of China. This integrated model simulates diverse flows of commodities, such as water and greenhouse gas, between the separate models to capture the overall dynamics of the integrated system. The model was used to generate projections of China`s available water resources and expected water use for 10 river drainage regions representing 100% of China`s mean annual runoff and comprising 37 major river basins. These projections were used to develop estimates of the water surpluses and/or deficits in the three end-use sectors--urban, industrial, and agricultural--through the year 2025. Projections of the all-China demand for the three major grains (corn, wheat, and rice), meat, and other (other grains and fruits and vegetables) were also generated. Each geographic region`s share of the all-China grain demand (allocated on the basis of each region`s share of historic grain production) was calculated in order to assess the land and water resources in each region required to meet that demand. Growth in energy use in six historically significant sectors and growth in greenhouse gas loading were projected for all of China.

  7. Jordan ships oil shale to China

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-12-01

    Jordan and China have signed an agreement to develop oil shale processing technology that could lead to a 200 ton/day oil shale plant in Jordan. China will process 1200 tons of Jordanian oil shale at its Fu Shun refinery. If tests are successful, China could build the demonstration plant in Jordan's Lajjun region, where the oil shale resource is estimated at 1.3 billion tons. China plans to send a team to Jordan to conduct a plant design study. A Lajjun oil shale complex could produce as much as 50,000 b/d of shale oil. An earlier 500 ton shipment of shale is said to have yielded promising results.

  8. Energy efficiency opportunities in China. Industrial equipment and small cogeneration

    SciTech Connect

    1995-02-01

    A quick glance at comparative statistics on energy consumption per unit of industrial output reveals that China is one of the least energy efficient countries in the world. Energy waste not only impedes economic growth, but also creates pollution that threatens human health, regional ecosystems, and the global climate. China`s decision to pursue economic reform and encourage technology transfer from developed countries has created a window of opportunity for significant advances in energy efficiency. Policy changes, technical training, public education, and financing can help China realize its energy conservation potential.

  9. Bilateral Agreements with China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S.-China Fossil Energy Protocol is intended to promote scientific and technological cooperation between the United States and China in the field of fossil energy, particularly activities...

  10. Materials and methods for autonomous restoration of electrical conductivity

    DOEpatents

    Blaiszik, Benjamin J; Odom, Susan A; Caruso, Mary M; Jackson, Aaron C; Baginska, Marta B; Ritchey, Joshua A; Finke, Aaron D; White, Scott R; Moore, Jeffrey S; Sottos, Nancy R; Braun, Paul V; Amine, Khalil

    2014-03-25

    An autonomic conductivity restoration system includes a solid conductor and a plurality of particles. The particles include a conductive fluid, a plurality of conductive microparticles, and/or a conductive material forming agent. The solid conductor has a first end, a second end, and a first conductivity between the first and second ends. When a crack forms between the first and second ends of the conductor, the contents of at least a portion of the particles are released into the crack. The cracked conductor and the released contents of the particles form a restored conductor having a second conductivity, which may be at least 90% of the first conductivity.

  11. China City Investment Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China City Investment Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: China City Investment Group Place: Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China Sector: Renewable Energy Product: China-based...

  12. China Power Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Power Inc Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100020 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: China Power Inc., a subsidiary of China Holdings Inc., is a project developer for...

  13. China Photoelectricity Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Photoelectricity Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Photoelectricity Group Place: China Product: A PV cell maker in China. References: China Photoelectricity Group1...

  14. China National CDM Board | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Board Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National CDM Board Place: Beijing Municipality, China Product: Regulator for CDM development in China. References: China National CDM...

  15. GC China Turbine Corp | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    GC China Turbine Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: GC China Turbine Corp Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product: China-base wind turbine manufacturer....

  16. Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo Place: Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China Sector: Solar Product: China-based...

  17. Autonomous, Decentralized Grid Architecture: Prosumer-Based Distributed Autonomous Cyber-Physical Architecture for Ultra-Reliable Green Electricity Networks

    SciTech Connect

    2012-01-11

    GENI Project: Georgia Tech is developing a decentralized, autonomous, internet-like control architecture and control software system for the electric power grid. Georgia Tech’s new architecture is based on the emerging concept of electricity prosumers—economically motivated actors that can produce, consume, or store electricity. Under Georgia Tech’s architecture, all of the actors in an energy system are empowered to offer associated energy services based on their capabilities. The actors achieve their sustainability, efficiency, reliability, and economic objectives, while contributing to system-wide reliability and efficiency goals. This is in marked contrast to the current one-way, centralized control paradigm.

  18. Development of autonomous gamma dose logger for environmental monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Jisha, N. V.; Krishnakumar, D. N.; Surya Prakash, G.; Kumari, Anju; Baskaran, R.; Venkatraman, B.

    2012-03-15

    Continuous monitoring and archiving of background radiation levels in and around the nuclear installation is essential and the data would be of immense use during analysis of any untoward incidents. A portable Geiger Muller detector based autonomous gamma dose logger (AGDL) for environmental monitoring is indigenously designed and developed. The system operations are controlled by microcontroller (AT89S52) and the main features of the system are software data acquisition, real time LCD display of radiation level, data archiving at removable compact flash card. The complete system operates on 12 V battery backed up by solar panel and hence the system is totally portable and ideal for field use. The system has been calibrated with Co-60 source (8.1 MBq) at various source-detector distances. The system is field tested and performance evaluation is carried out. This paper covers the design considerations of the hardware, software architecture of the system along with details of the front-end operation of the autonomous gamma dose logger and the data file formats. The data gathered during field testing and inter comparison with GammaTRACER are also presented in the paper. AGDL has shown excellent correlation with energy fluence monitor tuned to identify {sup 41}Ar, proving its utility for real-time plume tracking and source term estimation.

  19. Autonomic Intelligent Cyber Sensor to Support Industrial Control Network Awareness

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Vollmer, Todd; Manic, Milos; Linda, Ondrej

    2013-06-01

    The proliferation of digital devices in a networked industrial ecosystem, along with an exponential growth in complexity and scope, has resulted in elevated security concerns and management complexity issues. This paper describes a novel architecture utilizing concepts of Autonomic computing and a SOAP based IF-MAP external communication layer to create a network security sensor. This approach simplifies integration of legacy software and supports a secure, scalable, self-managed framework. The contribution of this paper is two-fold: 1) A flexible two level communication layer based on Autonomic computing and Service Oriented Architecture is detailed and 2) Three complementary modules that dynamically reconfiguremore » in response to a changing environment are presented. One module utilizes clustering and fuzzy logic to monitor traffic for abnormal behavior. Another module passively monitors network traffic and deploys deceptive virtual network hosts. These components of the sensor system were implemented in C++ and PERL and utilize a common internal D-Bus communication mechanism. A proof of concept prototype was deployed on a mixed-use test network showing the possible real world applicability. In testing, 45 of the 46 network attached devices were recognized and 10 of the 12 emulated devices were created with specific Operating System and port configurations. Additionally the anomaly detection algorithm achieved a 99.9% recognition rate. All output from the modules were correctly distributed using the common communication structure.« less

  20. Autonomic Intelligent Cyber Sensor to Support Industrial Control Network Awareness

    SciTech Connect

    Vollmer, Todd; Manic, Milos; Linda, Ondrej

    2013-06-01

    The proliferation of digital devices in a networked industrial ecosystem, along with an exponential growth in complexity and scope, has resulted in elevated security concerns and management complexity issues. This paper describes a novel architecture utilizing concepts of Autonomic computing and a SOAP based IF-MAP external communication layer to create a network security sensor. This approach simplifies integration of legacy software and supports a secure, scalable, self-managed framework. The contribution of this paper is two-fold: 1) A flexible two level communication layer based on Autonomic computing and Service Oriented Architecture is detailed and 2) Three complementary modules that dynamically reconfigure in response to a changing environment are presented. One module utilizes clustering and fuzzy logic to monitor traffic for abnormal behavior. Another module passively monitors network traffic and deploys deceptive virtual network hosts. These components of the sensor system were implemented in C++ and PERL and utilize a common internal D-Bus communication mechanism. A proof of concept prototype was deployed on a mixed-use test network showing the possible real world applicability. In testing, 45 of the 46 network attached devices were recognized and 10 of the 12 emulated devices were created with specific Operating System and port configurations. Additionally the anomaly detection algorithm achieved a 99.9% recognition rate. All output from the modules were correctly distributed using the common communication structure.

  1. Autonomic Management of Application Workflows on Hybrid Computing Infrastructure

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyunjoo; el-Khamra, Yaakoub; Rodero, Ivan; Jha, Shantenu; Parashar, Manish

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we present a programming and runtime framework that enables the autonomic management of complex application workflows on hybrid computing infrastructures. The framework is designed to address system and application heterogeneity and dynamics to ensure that application objectives and constraints are satisfied. The need for such autonomic system and application management is becoming critical as computing infrastructures become increasingly heterogeneous, integrating different classes of resources from high-end HPC systems to commodity clusters and clouds. For example, the framework presented in this paper can be used to provision the appropriate mix of resources based on application requirements and constraints.more » The framework also monitors the system/application state and adapts the application and/or resources to respond to changing requirements or environment. To demonstrate the operation of the framework and to evaluate its ability, we employ a workflow used to characterize an oil reservoir executing on a hybrid infrastructure composed of TeraGrid nodes and Amazon EC2 instances of various types. Specifically, we show how different applications objectives such as acceleration, conservation and resilience can be effectively achieved while satisfying deadline and budget constraints, using an appropriate mix of dynamically provisioned resources. Our evaluations also demonstrate that public clouds can be used to complement and reinforce the scheduling and usage of traditional high performance computing infrastructure.« less

  2. Inner Mongolia STP Development | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Development Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product: Inner Mongolia-based research company. References: Inner Mongolia STP Development1 This article is a stub....

  3. Fenglilai Technology Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Fenglilai Technology Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fenglilai Technology Development Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy...

  4. Ningxia Guodian CSI New Energy Development Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Autonomous Region, China Sector: Services Product: Ningxia-based PV project developer offer services of construction and operation. References: Ningxia Guodian CSI New Energy...

  5. Huade County Daditaihong Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Huade County Daditaihong Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Huade County Daditaihong Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Huade, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China...

  6. Ningxia Tianjing Shenzhou Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tianjing Shenzhou Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ningxia Tianjing Shenzhou Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 750002 Sector: Wind...

  7. Tongliao Changxing Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tongliao Changxing Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tongliao Changxing Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector:...

  8. Inner Mongolia Damo Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Damo Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Damo Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  9. Ningxia Yinyi Wind Power Generation Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Yinyi Wind Power Generation Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ningxia Yinyi Wind Power Generation Co Ltd Place: Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  10. Xinjiang Tianfeng Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tianfeng Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Xinjiang Tianfeng Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Urumuqi, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Zip: 830002 Sector: Wind energy...

  11. Guohua Hulunbeier Wind Power | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hulunbeier Wind Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guohua (Hulunbeier) Wind Power Place: Hulunbeier, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 21300 Sector: Wind energy...

  12. Inner Mongolia Wind Power Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Wind Power Corporation Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: A company...

  13. Datang Chifeng Saihanba Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Saihanba Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Datang Chifeng Saihanba Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Chifeng, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 24000 Sector:...

  14. Yongsheng National Energy Wind Power Co | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Yongsheng National Energy Wind Power Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: Yongsheng National Energy Wind Power Co Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy...

  15. Baotou Wind Power Gearbox Works | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Gearbox Works Jump to: navigation, search Name: Baotou Wind Power Gearbox Works Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product: Baotou-based gearbox producer. References:...

  16. Tongliao Taihe Wind Power Limited | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Taihe Wind Power Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tongliao Taihe Wind Power Limited Place: Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy...

  17. Datang Sino Japan Chifeng Renewable Power Corp | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Japan Chifeng Renewable Power Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Datang Sino-Japan (Chifeng) Renewable Power Corp Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product:...

  18. Soltek New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip: 530022 Product: Private company owning a crystalline silicon PV cell production facility with an annual production capacity of 80MW....

  19. Zhongsheng Technology New Materials Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Technology New Materials Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zhongsheng Technology New Materials Ltd Place: Bayannaoer, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product: Maker of...

  20. Inner Mongolia Lianhe Wind Power Investment | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lianhe Wind Power Investment Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Lianhe Wind Power Investment Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy...

  1. Xinjiang Yutian New Energy Investment | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Yutian New Energy Investment Jump to: navigation, search Name: Xinjiang Yutian New Energy Investment Place: Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Product: Shihezi-based PV project...

  2. Inner Mongolia Huitong Energy Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Investment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Huitong Energy Investment Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy...

  3. TBEA Xinjiang Silicon Material Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Product: A JV formed to develop a 1500t polysilicon manufacturing plant. References: TBEA Xinjiang Silicon Material Co Ltd1 This article is...

  4. Tianlin Baile River Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Baile River Hydropower Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tianlin Baile River Hydropower Co., Ltd. Place: Baise, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip: 533300 Sector: Hydro...

  5. Golden State Baotou Renewable Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Baotou Renewable Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Golden State (Baotou) Renewable Energy Ltd Place: Baotou, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy...

  6. Xinjiang Green Refreshing Angel Air Environment Co Ltd | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Refreshing Angel Air Environment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Xinjiang Green Refreshing Angel Air Environment Co Ltd Place: Urumqi, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China...

  7. Guangxi Sanjubaotan Power Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Zip: 530022 Sector: Hydro Product: Guanxi Autonomous Region developer of small hydro plants. References: Guangxi Sanjubaotan Power Company Ltd1 This article is a stub....

  8. Jinxiu Guangneng Hydro Power Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guangneng Hydro Power Company Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jinxiu Guangneng Hydro Power Company Ltd. Place: Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip: 530022 Sector: Hydro...

  9. Longshan County Wuyahe Hydropower Plant Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Longshan County Wuyahe Hydropower Plant Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Longshan County Wuyahe Hydropower Plant Co. Ltd Place: Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Zip:...

  10. Zhaoping I Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hydropower Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zhaoping I Hydropower Development Co., Ltd. Place: Hezhou, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Sector: Hydro Product:...

  11. Nandan Hongyuan Hydropower Exploitation Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Exploitation Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nandan Hongyuan Hydropower Exploitation Co., Ltd. Place: Hechi, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip: 547200 Sector: Hydro...

  12. Guangxi Dongba Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dongba Hydropower Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guangxi Dongba Hydropower Co., Ltd. Place: Baise, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip: 533000 Sector: Hydro Product:...

  13. Tianlin Baxin Hydropower Station | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Baxin Hydropower Station Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tianlin Baxin Hydropower Station Place: Baise, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip: 533000 Sector: Hydro Product:...

  14. Xinjiang Heneng Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Heneng Hydropower Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Xinjiang Heneng Hydropower Co., Ltd Place: Shawan County, Tacheng Prefecture, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Zip:...

  15. Xinjiang Wind Energy Company | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Xinjiang Wind Energy Company Place: Urumqi, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Zip: 830000 Sector: Wind energy Product: Backed...

  16. Guodian Ningxia Solar Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ningxia Solar Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guodian Ningxia Solar Energy Co Ltd Place: Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Product: Integrated PV products...

  17. Ningxia Ninghu Solar Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ninghu Solar Energy Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ningxia Ninghu Solar Energy Technology Co Ltd Place: Shi Zui Shan, Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Zip:...

  18. Guangxi Funan Bioenergy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Funan Bioenergy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guangxi Funan Bioenergy Co Ltd Place: Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Sector: Biomass Product: Guangxi-based biomass...

  19. Guangxi Gofar Bioenergy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Gofar Bioenergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guangxi Gofar Bioenergy Place: Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Product: A Chinese biofuel developer References: Guangxi Gofar...

  20. Shanxi Zhangze Power Inner Mongolia Subsidiary | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Zhangze Power Inner Mongolia Subsidiary Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shanxi Zhangze Power Inner Mongolia Subsidiary Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind...

  1. Inner Mongolia Dunan PV power | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dunan PV power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Dunan PV power Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Solar Product: Inner Mongolia-based solar...

  2. Keshiketengqi Huifeng New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Keshiketengqi Huifeng New Energy Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: Inner Mongolia-based wind...

  3. Inner Mongolia Sunnergy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sunnergy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Sunnergy Co Ltd Place: Huhhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 10080 Product: A Chinese...

  4. Inner Mongolia Fengwei New Energy Mining Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Fengwei New Energy Mining Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Fengwei New Energy Mining Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product:...

  5. Inner Mongolia Shenzhou Silicon Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Shenzhou Silicon Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Shenzhou Silicon Co Ltd Place: Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product: Huhhot-based...

  6. Mengdong Xiehe New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mengdong Xiehe New Energy Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: Inner Mongolia-based JV formed...

  7. North Associated Power Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search Name: North Associated Power Corporation Place: Huhehaote, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 10020 Product: A company generating power for Inner...

  8. Inner Mongolia Shanlu Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Shanlu Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Shanlu Group Place: Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 10020 Product: Hohhot-based miner and...

  9. Inner Mongolia Yitai Group Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Yitai Group Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Yitai Group Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 17000 Product: Stated owned coal company....

  10. Erdos TCH Energy Saving Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Erdos TCH Energy Saving Development Co Ltd Place: Ordos City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Efficiency Product: Inner Mongolia-based JV to...

  11. Inner Mongolia Tianlan Hengfeng Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tianlan Hengfeng Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Tianlan Hengfeng Power Co Ltd Place: Huhehaote, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 10020...

  12. Inner Mongolia Jinyu Silicon Industry Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jinyu Silicon Industry Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Jinyu Silicon Industry Co Ltd Place: Wuhai City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 16030...

  13. Inner Mongolia Huiquan Environment Protection Power Ltd | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Huiquan Environment Protection Power Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Huiquan Environment Protection Power Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China...

  14. Langcheng Ruifeng Windpower | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Langcheng Ruifeng Windpower Place: Hexigten Qi (Keshiketengqi), Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: Keshiketengqi-based wind...

  15. Inner Mongolia Sanwei Resources Group Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sanwei Resources Group Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Sanwei Resources Group Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product: An energy and...

  16. Inner Mongolia North Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    North Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia North Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 10020...

  17. Guangxi Baise Sanyuan Hydropower Generation Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sanyuan Hydropower Generation Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guangxi Baise Sanyuan Hydropower Generation Co., Ltd. Place: Baise, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip:...

  18. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... accumulation of Luxi Depression Li Hongliang ; Qian Hua Xiao ; Angui Lei Located in the eastern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, Luxi Depression covers an area of 760 ...

  19. Guangxi Gettop Science Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guangxi Gettop Science Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guangxi Gettop Science & Technology Co Ltd Place: Nanning, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Zip: 530022...

  20. Goldwind Science Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Science Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Goldwind Science & Technology Co Ltd Place: Urumqi, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Zip: 830000 Sector: Wind energy...

  1. Ningxia Sunshine Silicon Business Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Silicon Business Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ningxia Sunshine Silicon Business Co Ltd Place: Shizuishan, Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Product: A JV project company...

  2. Liuzhou Minghui Biofuel Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Autonomous Region, China Zip: 545006 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: A renewable energy project developer mainly focuse on biodiesel production with a o.1m-tonne plant in...

  3. Debao V Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Debao V Hydropower Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Debao V Hydropower Development Co., Ltd. Place: Baise, Guangxi Autonomous Region, China Sector: Hydro...

  4. Inner Mongolia Test Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Test Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Test Power Co Ltd Place: Huhehot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 10010 Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  5. Xinjiang Huitong Wind Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Co Ltd Place: Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: A Chinese wind turbine component supplier, products inculde rotors, spindles and towers....

  6. DualTrust: A Distributed Trust Model for Swarm-Based Autonomic Computing Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Maiden, Wendy M.; Dionysiou, Ioanna; Frincke, Deborah A.; Fink, Glenn A.; Bakken, David E.

    2011-02-01

    For autonomic computing systems that utilize mobile agents and ant colony algorithms for their sensor layer, trust management is important for the acceptance of the mobile agent sensors and to protect the system from malicious behavior by insiders and entities that have penetrated network defenses. This paper examines the trust relationships, evidence, and decisions in a representative system and finds that by monitoring the trustworthiness of the autonomic managers rather than the swarming sensors, the trust management problem becomes much more scalable and still serves to protect the swarm. We then propose the DualTrust conceptual trust model. By addressing the autonomic manager’s bi-directional primary relationships in the ACS architecture, DualTrust is able to monitor the trustworthiness of the autonomic managers, protect the sensor swarm in a scalable manner, and provide global trust awareness for the orchestrating autonomic manager.

  7. Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links

    SciTech Connect

    Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C.; Agoris, D.

    1996-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

  8. Metatranscriptomic analysis of autonomously collected and preserved marine bacterioplankton

    SciTech Connect

    Ottesen, Elizabeth A.; Marin, Roman; Preston, Christina M.; Young, Curtis R.; Ryan, John P.; Scholin, Christopher A.; DeLong, Edward F.

    2011-06-30

    Planktonic microbial activity and community structure is dynamic, and can change dramatically on time scales of hours to days. Yet for logistical reasons, this temporal scale is typically undersampled in the marine environment. In order to facilitate higher-resolution, long-term observation of microbial diversity and activity, we developed a protocol for automated collection and fixation of marine microbes using the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) platform. The protocol applies a preservative (RNALater) to cells collected on filters, for long-term storage and preservation of total cellular RNA. Microbial samples preserved using this protocol yielded high-quality RNA after 30 days of storage at room temperature, or onboard the ESP at in situ temperatures. Pyrosequencing of complementary DNA libraries generated from ESP-collected and preserved samples yielded transcript abundance profiles nearly indistinguishable from those derived from conventionally treated replicate samples. To demonstrate the utility of the method, we used a moored ESP to remotely and autonomously collect Monterey Bay seawater for metatranscriptomic analysis. Community RNA was extracted and pyrosequenced from samples collected at four time points over the course of a single day. In all four samples, the oxygenic photoautotrophs were predominantly eukaryotic, while the bacterial community was dominated by Polaribacter-like Flavobacteria and a Rhodobacterales bacterium sharing high similarity with Rhodobacterales sp. HTCC2255. However, each time point was associated with distinct species abundance and gene transcript profiles. These laboratory and field tests confirmed that autonomous collection and preservation is a feasible and useful approach for characterizing the expressed genes and environmental responses of marine microbial communities.

  9. Regional Partnerships

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE has created a network of seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) to help develop the technology, infrastructure, and regulations to implement large-scale CO2 storage (also...

  10. Car/seat cabin ejection system for autonomous road vehicles | Princeton

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Lab Car/seat cabin ejection system for autonomous road vehicles The invention described is an effective solution to the known "Trolley Problem" of Ethics, when applied to autonomous vehicles. A solution that essentially eliminates the problem is proposed an, upon implementation, is expected to lift all skepticisms when it comes to the safe-for-all operation of autonomous vehicles, which are expected to become in the norm in the not so far future. No.: M-920

  11. Development of autonomous magnetometer rotorcraft for wide area assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Roelof Versteeg; Matt Anderson; Les Beard; Eric Corban; Darryl Curley; Jeff Gamey; Ross Johnson; Dwight Junkin; Mark McKay; Jared Salzmann; Mikhail Tchernychev; Suraj Unnikrishnan; Scott Vinson

    2010-04-01

    dynamic acquisition, i.e. survey mission inflight reprioritization). We describe and report on a one year effort with as primary goal to provide a recommendation to SERDP for a path forward in the implementation of one or more autonomous unmanned magnetometer rotorcraft platforms. This recommendation (which is provided in chapter 6) is based on the following three elements a) An assessment on the applicability of autonomous rotorcraft magnetometer systems to the current DoD site inventory, and an initial assessment of which type(s) of autonomous unmanned magnetometer rotorcraft platforms (in terms of performance characteristics such as payload, altitude, obstacle avoidance, production rate and flight time) would be most relevant to this inventory (chapter 3); b) An evaluation of the feasibility of assembling such platforms from commercial components (unmanned rotorcraft, control systems and sensors – both magnetometer sensors and supporting sensors). This evaluation included several highly successful field tests (chapter 4 and 5); c) A recommendation of the path forward, which includes a detailed outline of the efforts required in the design, assembly and testing of different modular platforms (chapter 6)

  12. China Energy Outlook

    Annual Energy Outlook

    I N E S E A C A D E M Y O F S O C I A L S C I E N C E S China Energy Outlook 2020 2014-7-15 Washington DC World Energy China Outlook | Xiaojie Xu and Chen Tangsi | ...

  13. DualTrust: A Trust Management Model for Swarm-Based Autonomic Computing Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Maiden, Wendy M.

    2010-05-01

    Trust management techniques must be adapted to the unique needs of the application architectures and problem domains to which they are applied. For autonomic computing systems that utilize mobile agents and ant colony algorithms for their sensor layer, certain characteristics of the mobile agent ant swarm -- their lightweight, ephemeral nature and indirect communication -- make this adaptation especially challenging. This thesis looks at the trust issues and opportunities in swarm-based autonomic computing systems and finds that by monitoring the trustworthiness of the autonomic managers rather than the swarming sensors, the trust management problem becomes much more scalable and still serves to protect the swarm. After analyzing the applicability of trust management research as it has been applied to architectures with similar characteristics, this thesis specifies the required characteristics for trust management mechanisms used to monitor the trustworthiness of entities in a swarm-based autonomic computing system and describes a trust model that meets these requirements.

  14. Systems and methods for autonomously controlling agricultural machinery

    DOEpatents

    Hoskinson, Reed L.; Bingham, Dennis N.; Svoboda, John M.; Hess, J. Richard

    2003-07-08

    Systems and methods for autonomously controlling agricultural machinery such as a grain combine. The operation components of a combine that function to harvest the grain have characteristics that are measured by sensors. For example, the combine speed, the fan speed, and the like can be measured. An important sensor is the grain loss sensor, which may be used to quantify the amount of grain expelled out of the combine. The grain loss sensor utilizes the fluorescence properties of the grain kernels and the plant residue to identify when the expelled plant material contains grain kernels. The sensor data, in combination with historical and current data stored in a database, is used to identify optimum operating conditions that will result in increased crop yield. After the optimum operating conditions are identified, an on-board computer can generate control signals that will adjust the operation of the components identified in the optimum operating conditions. The changes result in less grain loss and improved grain yield. Also, because new data is continually generated by the sensor, the system has the ability to continually learn such that the efficiency of the agricultural machinery is continually improved.

  15. Autonomous observations of the ocean biological carbon pump

    SciTech Connect

    Bishop, James K.B.

    2009-03-01

    Prediction of the substantial biologically mediated carbon flows in a rapidly changing and acidifying ocean requires model simulations informed by observations of key carbon cycle processes on the appropriate space and time scales. From 2000 to 2004, the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP) supported the development of the first low-cost fully-autonomous ocean profiling Carbon Explorers that demonstrated that year-round real-time observations of particulate organic carbon (POC) concentration and sedimentation could be achieved in the world's ocean. NOPP also initiated the development of a sensor for particulate inorganic carbon (PIC) suitable for operational deployment across all oceanographic platforms. As a result, PIC profile characterization that once required shipboard sample collection and shipboard or shore based laboratory analysis, is now possible to full ocean depth in real time using a 0.2W sensor operating at 24 Hz. NOPP developments further spawned US DOE support to develop the Carbon Flux Explorer, a free-vehicle capable of following hourly variations of particulate inorganic and organic carbon sedimentation from near surface to kilometer depths for seasons to years and capable of relaying contemporaneous observations via satellite. We have demonstrated the feasibility of real time - low cost carbon observations which are of fundamental value to carbon prediction and when further developed, will lead to a fully enhanced global carbon observatory capable of real time assessment of the ocean carbon sink, a needed constraint for assessment of carbon management policies on a global scale.

  16. A stochastic perturbation theory for non-autonomous systems

    SciTech Connect

    Moon, W.; Wettlaufer, J. S.

    2013-12-15

    We develop a perturbation theory for a class of first order nonlinear non-autonomous stochastic ordinary differential equations that arise in climate physics. The perturbative procedure produces moments in terms of integral delay equations, whose order by order decay is characterized in a Floquet-like sense. Both additive and multiplicative sources of noise are discussed and the question of how the nature of the noise influences the results is addressed theoretically and numerically. By invoking the Martingale property, we rationalize the transformation of the underlying Stratonovich form of the model to an Ito form, independent of whether the noise is additive or multiplicative. The generality of the analysis is demonstrated by developing it both for a Brownian particle moving in a periodically forced quartic potential, which acts as a simple model of stochastic resonance, as well as for our more complex climate physics model. The validity of the approach is shown by comparison with numerical solutions. The particular climate dynamics problem upon which we focus involves a low-order model for the evolution of Arctic sea ice under the influence of increasing greenhouse gas forcing ?F{sub 0}. The deterministic model, developed by Eisenman and Wettlaufer [Nonlinear threshold behavior during the loss of Arctic sea ice, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(1), 2832 (2009)] exhibits several transitions as ?F{sub 0} increases and the stochastic analysis is used to understand the manner in which noise influences these transitions and the stability of the system.

  17. Abnormally Malicious Autonomous Systems and their Internet Connectivity

    SciTech Connect

    Shue, Craig A; Kalafut, Prof. Andrew; Gupta, Prof. Minaxi

    2011-01-01

    While many attacks are distributed across botnets, investigators and network operators have recently targeted malicious networks through high profile autonomous system (AS) de-peerings and network shut-downs. In this paper, we explore whether some ASes indeed are safe havens for malicious activity. We look for ISPs and ASes that exhibit disproportionately high malicious behavior using ten popular blacklists, plus local spam data, and extensive DNS resolutions based on the contents of the blacklists. We find that some ASes have over 80% of their routable IP address space blacklisted. Yet others account for large fractions of blacklisted IP addresses. Several ASes regularly peer with ASes associated with significant malicious activity. We also find that malicious ASes as a whole differ from benign ones in other properties not obviously related to their malicious activities, such as more frequent connectivity changes with their BGP peers. Overall, we conclude that examining malicious activity at AS granularity can unearth networks with lax security or those that harbor cybercrime.

  18. Semi-Autonomous Multi-Use Robot System and Method of Operation - Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation Portal Vehicles and Fuels Vehicles and Fuels Industrial Technologies Industrial Technologies Find More Like This Return to Search Semi-Autonomous Multi-Use Robot System and Method of Operation Battelle Memorial Institute Contact BMI About This Technology Publications: PDF Document Publication WO2011056633A1.pdf (1,190 KB) Technology Marketing SummaryThis invention relates in general to robotic systems and in particular to a semi- autonomous multi-use robot system and a method for

  19. State of the Art for Autonomous Detection Systems using Genomic Sequencing

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Conference) | SciTech Connect State of the Art for Autonomous Detection Systems using Genomic Sequencing Citation Details In-Document Search Title: State of the Art for Autonomous Detection Systems using Genomic Sequencing Authors: Detter, John C. [1] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory Publication Date: 2013-07-09 OSTI Identifier: 1087610 Report Number(s): LA-UR-13-25114 DOE Contract Number: AC52-06NA25396 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: DHS

  20. Regional Information

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Regional Information There is plenty to do and see in the cities of Golden and Denver, Colorado. Here you'll find links to general information about these areas, plus hospitals, local universities and colleges, entertainment, sports, amusement parks, and more. Golden City of Golden Golden's 2-Hour Vacation Denver www.denver.com www.denver.org Denver Public Library Colorado State of Colorado Colorado tourism Transportation (Bus and Light Rail) RTD Hospitals Largest Hospitals in Metro Denver

  1. China | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    China U.S. and China Continue Cooperative Partnership to Advance Safe, Secure Civil Nuclear Energy for Clean Energy Future DOE/NNSA Hosts 11th U.S.-China Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology Meeting at Savannah River National Laboratory in Aiken, South Carolina (Aiken, South Carolina) - On May 10-11, 2016 the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the China... NNSA Deputy Administrator Creedon Travels to China In March, National Nuclear Security

  2. Jmade New Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jmade New Energy Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jmade New Energy Technology Co Ltd Place: Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 5-110 Product: China-based PV...

  3. Inner Mongolia Zhonghuan PV Materials Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PV Materials Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Zhonghuan PV Materials Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product: China-based PV ingot and...

  4. Guangdong, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in Guangdong, China BSL-Solar Big China Solar Energy Group China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company Guangdong Baolihua New Energy Corporation Zhuhai Oil Energy Science and...

  5. Guangzhou, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Province in China. Registered Energy Companies in Guangzhou, China China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company Guangdong Baolihua New Energy Corporation References http:...

  6. GE Global Research in Shanghai, China

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Shanghai, China Shanghai, China GE's commercial and industrial history meets challenges posed by China's rapid growth to produce work reflecting the advancing world. Click to email ...

  7. Category:China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation China's National Climate Change Programme China-2050 Wind Technology Roadmap J Jiangsu, China Jiangsu-California MOU N National Development and Reform Commission...

  8. China Solar Tower Development | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tower Development Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Tower Development Place: China Sector: Solar Product: Joint venture for development of solar towers in China,...

  9. Tang Energy China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy China Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tang Energy China Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Product: Main operational centre for Tang Energy. Coordinates:...

  10. China Gengsheng Minerals Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Gengsheng Minerals Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Gengsheng Minerals Inc Place: Henan Province, China Product: China-based material technology company. References:...

  11. China Power Equipment Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Power Equipment Inc Place: Xian, China Zip: 70075 Product: China-based manufacturer of energy saving transformers and transformer cores....

  12. National Energy Commission (China) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Commission (China) Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Energy Commission (China) Place: Beijing References: National Energy Commission (China)1 This article is a stub. You...

  13. Fujian China Power | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fujian China Power Place: Fujian Province, China Sector: Hydro Product: A hydro power project developer. References: Fujian China Power1...

  14. China Renewable Energy College | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: China Renewable Energy College Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 102206 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: China's first academic renewable energy College. References:...

  15. An Approach to Autonomous Control for Space Nuclear Power Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Wood, Richard Thomas; Upadhyaya, Belle R.

    2011-01-01

    Under Project Prometheus, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) investigated deep space missions that would utilize space nuclear power systems (SNPSs) to provide energy for propulsion and spacecraft power. The initial study involved the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO), which was proposed to conduct in-depth studies of three Jovian moons. Current radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) and solar power systems cannot meet expected mission power demands, which include propulsion, scientific instrument packages, and communications. Historically, RTGs have provided long-lived, highly reliable, low-power-level systems. Solar power systems can provide much greater levels of power, but power density levels decrease dramatically at {approx} 1.5 astronomical units (AU) and beyond. Alternatively, an SNPS can supply high-sustained power for space applications that is both reliable and mass efficient. Terrestrial nuclear reactors employ varying degrees of human control and decision-making for operations and benefit from periodic human interaction for maintenance. In contrast, the control system of an SNPS must be able to provide continuous operatio for the mission duration with limited immediate human interaction and no opportunity for hardware maintenance or sensor calibration. In effect, the SNPS control system must be able to independently operate the power plant while maintaining power production even when subject to off-normal events and component failure. This capability is critical because it will not be possible to rely upon continuous, immediate human interaction for control due to communications delays and periods of planetary occlusion. In addition, uncertainties, rare events, and component degradation combine with the aforementioned inaccessibility and unattended operation to pose unique challenges that an SNPS control system must accommodate. Autonomous control is needed to address these challenges and optimize the reactor control design.

  16. Autonomous Dynamic Soaring Platform for Distributed Mobile Sensor Arrays

    SciTech Connect

    BOSLOUGH, MARK B. E.

    2002-06-01

    This project makes use of ''biomimetic behavioral engineering'' in which adaptive strategies used by animals in the real world are applied to the development of autonomous robots. The key elements of the biomimetic approach are to observe and understand a survival behavior exhibited in nature, to create a mathematical model and simulation capability for that behavior, to modify and optimize the behavior for a desired robotics application, and to implement it. The application described in this report is dynamic soaring, a behavior that certain sea birds use to extract flight energy from laminar wind velocity gradients in the shallow atmospheric boundary layer directly above the ocean surface. Theoretical calculations, computational proof-of-principle demonstrations, and the first instrumented experimental flight test data for dynamic soaring are presented to address the feasibility of developing dynamic soaring flight control algorithms to sustain the flight of unmanned airborne vehicles (UAVs). Both hardware and software were developed for this application. Eight-foot custom foam sailplanes were built and flown in a steep shear gradient. A logging device was designed and constructed with custom software to record flight data during dynamic soaring maneuvers. A computational toolkit was developed to simulate dynamic soaring in special cases and with a full 6-degree of freedom flight dynamics model in a generalized time-dependent wind field. Several 3-dimensional visualization tools were built to replay the flight simulations. A realistic aerodynamics model of an eight-foot sailplane was developed using measured aerodynamic derivatives. Genetic programming methods were developed and linked to the simulations and visualization tools. These tools can now be generalized for other biomimetic behavior applications.

  17. SATBOT I: Prototype of a biomorphic autonomous spacecraft

    SciTech Connect

    Frigo, J.; Tilden, M.W.

    1995-12-01

    Our goal is to produce a prototype of an autonomous satellite robot, SATBOT. This robot differs from conventional robots in that it has three degrees of freedom, uses magnetics to direct the motion, and needs a zero gravity environment. The design integrates the robot`s structure and a biomorphic (biological morphology) control system to produce a survival-oriented vehicle that adapts to an unknown environment. Biomorphic systems, loosely modeled after biological systems, use simple analog circuitry, low power, and are microprocessor independent. These analog networks called Nervous Networks (Nv), are used to solve real-time controls problems. The Nv approach to problem solving in the robotics has produced many surprisingly capable machines which exhibit emergent behavior. The network can be designed to respond to positive or negative inputs from a sensor and produce a desired directed motion. The fluidity and direction of motion is set by the neurons and is inherent to the structure of the device. The robot is designed to orient itself with respect to a local magnetic field; to direct its attitude toward the greatest source of light; and robustly recover from variations in the local magnetic field, power source, or structural stability. This design uses a two neuron network which acts as a push-pull controller for the actuator (air core coil), and two sun sensors (photodiodes) as bias inputs to the neuron. The effect of sensor activation as it relates to an attractive or repulsive torque (directional motion) is studied. A discussion of this system`s power (energy) efficiency and frequency, noise immunity, and some dynamic characteristics is presented.

  18. Building ties with China

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, P.C. )

    1994-03-01

    During the past year, reforms in China have greatly expanded opportunities for foreign investors in the power sector. On January 11, 1993, Chinese Premier Li Peng announced that China would expand its use of foreign capital for power projects and welcomed foreign investment. This announcement comes as part of a rapid liberalization and restructuring of the Chinese economy as well as the growing need for electricity to sustain the country's galloping economic growth. By the year 2000, China plans to expand total capacity from 165,000 MW to 300,000 MW, requiring from 15,000 MW to 17,000 MW of new capacity additions each year. According to Cheng Li of the Department of International Cooperation at the Ministry of Electric Power - formerly the Ministry of Energy - China will only be able to finance about 75 percent of its development needs and is now looking to foreign investors to make up the remaining 25 percent. Some estimates suggest there could be as much as 70,000 MW open to outside firms, making China one of the world's largest emerging markets for private power development. The opportunities developing in China have generated growing interest in the United States. In the past ten months, trade missions to China and other activities have been organized to explore the opportunities and assess the competitiveness of US firms. Not surprisingly, the China market has also attracted considerable attention in Japan. To put recent US initiatives in perspective, it is instructive to compare these initiatives with those of Japan. Differences are apparent at both the level of the firm and the government, differences that may have important implications for whether US or Japanese firms are more successful in the years to come.

  19. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1992-12-31

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises` investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

  20. Correlation Processing Of Local Seismic Data: Applications for Autonomous Sensor Deployments

    SciTech Connect

    Dodge, D A

    2010-11-16

    Excavation and operation of an underground facility is likely to produce an extensive suite of seismic signals observable at the surface for perhaps several km. Probably a large fraction of such signals will be correlated, so the design of a monitoring framework should include consideration of a correlation processing capability. Correlation detectors have been shown to be significantly more sensitive than beam-forming power detectors. Although correlation detectors have a limited detection footprint, they can be generalized into multi-rank subspace detectors which are sensitive over a much larger range of source mechanisms and positions. Production of subspace detectors can be automated, so their use in an autonomous framework may be contemplated. Waveform correlation also can be used to produce very high precision phase picks which may be jointly inverted to simultaneously relocate groups of events. The relative precision of the resulting hypocenters is sufficient to visualize structural detail at a scale of less than a few tens of meters. Three possible correlation processor systems are presented. All use a subspace signal detection framework. The simplest system uses a single-component sensor and is capable of detection and classification of signals. The most complicated system uses many sensors deployed around the facility, and is capable of detection, classification, and high-precision source location. Data from a deep underground mine are presented to demonstrate the applicability of correlation processing to monitoring an underground facility. Although the source region covers an area of about 600m by 580m, all but two of the events form clusters at a threshold of 0.7. All the events could have been detected and classified by the subspace detection framework, and high-precision picks can be computed for all cluster members.

  1. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. ); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi )

    1992-01-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises' investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

  2. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. ); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi )

    1992-11-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

  3. Low-cost multi-terrain autonomous vehicle for hostile environments

    SciTech Connect

    Perez, M. L., LLNL

    1996-12-03

    This paper describes an innovative and unique autonomous vehicle being developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for versatile use in hostile environments. Conventional vehicles used in decommissioning and decontaminating, police activity, and unmanned military operations typically are designed with four-wheels or track in contact with the environment. Although four-wheel and track vehicles work well, they are limited in negotiating saturated terrain, steep hills and soft soils. The Spiral Track Autonomous Robot (STAR) is a versatile and maneuverable multi-terrain mobile vehicle that uses the latest available computer technology and two Archimedes screws, in contact with the local environment to intelligently negotiate a hostile environment.

  4. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    SciTech Connect

    Aden, Nathaniel; Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina

    2009-07-01

    likely to come from the burgeoning coal-liquefaction and chemicals industries. If coal to chemicals capacity reaches 70 million tonnes and coal-to-liquids capacity reaches 60 million tonnes, coal feedstock requirements would add an additional 450 million tonnes by 2025. Even with more efficient growth among these drivers, China's annual coal demand is expected to reach 3.9 to 4.3 billion tonnes by 2025. Central government support for nuclear and renewable energy has not reversed China's growing dependence on coal for primary energy. Substitution is a matter of scale: offsetting one year of recent coal demand growth of 200 million tonnes would require 107 billion cubic meters of natural gas (compared to 2007 growth of 13 BCM), 48 GW of nuclear (compared to 2007 growth of 2 GW), or 86 GW of hydropower capacity (compared to 2007 growth of 16 GW). Ongoing dependence on coal reduces China's ability to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions growth. If coal demand remains on a high growth path, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion alone would exceed total US energy-related carbon emissions by 2010. Within China's coal-dominated energy system, domestic transportation has emerged as the largest bottleneck for coal industry growth and is likely to remain a constraint to further expansion. China has a low proportion of high-quality reserves, but is producing its best coal first. Declining quality will further strain production and transport capacity. Furthermore, transporting coal to users has overloaded the train system and dramatically increased truck use, raising transportation oil demand. Growing international imports have helped to offset domestic transport bottlenecks. In the long term, import demand is likely to exceed 200 million tonnes by 2025, significantly impacting regional markets.

  5. Innovate in China, Innovate for China | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovate in China, Innovate for China Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Innovate in China, Innovate for China Xiangli Chen, Ph.D. 2015.06.05 15 years is nothing but a fleeting moment. I can still recall the day when a 10-member GE China technology team settled in Shanghai 15 years ago. Back then, we had an

  6. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect

    Sinton, J.E.; Fridley, D.G.; Levine, M.D.

    1996-06-01

    The response to the first edition of the China Energy Databook was overwhelmingly positive, and has encouraged us to issue this revised, updated, and expanded edition. It has been a natural counterpart to the Energy Analysis Program`s continuing program of collaborative research with the Energy Research Institute. No other current reference volume dedicated to China`s energy system contains a similar variety and quality of material. We have revised some of the categories and data that appeared in the old volume. The adjustment for energy consumption in the transportation sector, for instance, has been slightly changed to include some fuel use in the commercial sector, which was previously left out. As another example, natural gas consumption statistics in the first edition greatly overstated electric utility use; we have rectified that error. Some tables have changed as statistical collection and reporting practices change in China. Figures on gross output value by sector stop with 1992, and economic output in subsequent years is covered by various measures of value-added, such as national income and gross domestic product.

  7. Petroleum geology of principal sedimentary basins in eastern China

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, K.Y.

    1986-05-01

    The principal petroliferous basins in eastern China are the Songliao, Ordos, and Sichuan basins of Mesozoic age, and the North China, Jianghan, Nanxiang, and Subei basins of Cenozoic age. These basins contain mostly continental fluvial and lacustrine detrital sediments. Four different geologic ages are responsible for the oil and gas in this region: (1) Mesozoic in the Songliao, Ordos, and Sichuan basins; (2) Tertiary in the North China, Jianghan, Nanxiang, and Subei basins; (3) Permian-Carboniferous in the southern North China basin and the northwestern Ordos basin; and (4) Sinian in the southern Sichuan basin. The most prolific oil and gas sources are the Mesozoic of the Songliao basin and the Tertiary of the North China basin. Although the major source rocks in these basins are lacustrine mudstone and shale, their tectonic settings and the resultant temperature gradients differ. For example, in the Songliao, North China, and associated basins, trapping conditions commonly are associated with block faulting of an extensional tectonic regime; the extensional tectonics in turn contribute to a high geothermal gradient (40/sup 0/-60/sup 0/C/km), which results in early maturation and migration for relatively shallow deposits. However, the Ordos and Sichuan basins formed under compressional conditions and are cooler. Hence, maturation and migration occurred late, relative to reservoir deposition and burial, the result being a poorer quality reservoir.

  8. Method of evaluating, expanding, and collapsing connectivity regions within dynamic systems

    DOEpatents

    Bailey, David A.

    2004-11-16

    An automated process defines and maintains connectivity regions within a dynamic network. The automated process requires an initial input of a network component around which a connectivity region will be defined. The process automatically and autonomously generates a region around the initial input, stores the region's definition, and monitors the network for a change. Upon detecting a change in the network, the effect is evaluated, and if necessary the regions are adjusted and redefined to accommodate the change. Only those regions of the network affected by the change will be updated. This process eliminates the need for an operator to manually evaluate connectivity regions within a network. Since the automated process maintains the network, the reliance on an operator is minimized; thus, reducing the potential for operator error. This combination of region maintenance and reduced operator reliance, results in a reduction of overall error.

  9. Coal in China

    SciTech Connect

    Minchener, A.J.

    2005-07-01

    The article gives an overview of the production and use of coal in China, for power generation and in other sectors. Coal use for power generation was 850 million tonnes in 2003 and 800 million tonnes in the non-power sector. The majority of power will continue to be produced from coal, with a trend towards new larger pulverised coal fired units and introduction of circulating fluidised bed combustors. Stricter regulations are forcing introduction of improved pollution control technologies. It seems likely that China will need international finance to supplement private and state investment to carry out a programme to develop and apply clean coal technologies. The author concludes that there is evidence of a market economy being established but there is a need to resolve inconsistencies with the planned aspects of the economy and that additional policies are needed in certain sectors to achieve sustainable development. 1 ref., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. Environmental protection in China

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, M. Univ. of Knoxville, TN )

    1990-01-01

    Environmental conditions in China are dramatically worse than those in the USA, but the Chinese are acting with commendable vigor in attempting to contain and ultimately reverse the damage. The Chinese have air, water and soil contamination, along with garbage and trash problems. They are also experiencing deforestation, desertification, soil erosion, destruction of wildlife habitat and wetlands, and the depletion of ground water. Attempts are being made to reduce the pollutants being produced, but economic factors weigh heavily against cleaning up current pollution.

  11. Extreme Energy in China

    SciTech Connect

    Khanna, Nina; Fridley, David; Cai, Lixue

    2013-06-01

    Over the last decade, China has focused its policies simultaneously on moderating the rapid energy demand growth that has been driven by three decades of rapid economic growth and industrialization and on increasing its energy supply. In spite of these concerted efforts, however, China continues to face growing energy supply challenges, particularly with accelerating demand for oil and natural gas, both of which are now heavily dependent on imports. On the supply side, the recent 11th and 12th Five-Year Plans have emphasized accelerating conventional and nonconventional oil and gas exploration and development through pricing reforms, pipeline infrastructure expansions and 2015 production targets for shale gas and coal seam methane. This study will analyze China’s new and nonconventional oil and gas resources base, possible development paths and outlook, and the potential role for these nonconventional resources in meeting oil and gas demand. The nonconventional resources currently being considered by China and included in this study include: shale gas, coal seam methane (coal mine methane and coal bed methane), tight gas, in-situ coal gasification, tight oil and oil shale, and gas hydrates.

  12. China's energy outlook

    SciTech Connect

    Fridley, D.

    1991-03-01

    Economic reform in China has given a major boost to the development of China's energy industries. Demand for energy has risen steadily in response to the rapid expansion of the economy over the past ten years, while economic liberalization and deregulation have stimulated energy output as the energy industries found new sources of capital, labor, and investment opportunities. In the first half of 1980s, the coal, oil, and electric power industries all experienced accelerating rates of growth. After mid-decade, however, an overheating economy, rising inflation, and lower international oil prices had a serious impact on the vitality of the energy industries. At a time when energy demand was soaring, the state-owned energy industries faced a decline in the real value of their output, excessive debt, falling productivity, and sharply higher costs of production. These trends have continued into 1990 despite the economic slowdown engineered in late 1988 and, if left unmanaged, will constrain the ability of the domestic energy industries to meet the energy needs of China's modernization program. This in turn could lead to progressively higher imports of energy, particularly oil, and could limit the speed and scope of economic expansion in the 1990s and beyond. 2 figs., 18 tabs.

  13. ZBB China JV | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: ZBB China JV Place: China Product: JV company formed in 2005 to sell ZBB(tm)s zincbromine batteries in China, Macau and Hong Kong,...

  14. China develops natural gas industry

    SciTech Connect

    An, Z.

    1982-09-06

    As of 1981, China was producing some 474.4 billion CF (12.74 billion m/sup 3/)/yr of natural gas from over 60 gas fields, 40 of them in Sichuan Province. The Sichuan gas lies in fractures and solution cavities in limestone and dolomite formations that generally require stimulation. After desulfurization, the gas is used by the steel and chemical industries and for residential heating. Recent discoveries in other areas of China include the Guxinzhuang field in the Bohai-North China basin, where geological conditions favor large gas pools, and the Sebei fields in Qaidam basin, northwest China.

  15. China Dialogue | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dialogue Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Dialogue Place: United Kingdom Product: A non-profit organization aiming to broaden discussion on climate and energy issues,...

  16. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lu, Hongyou; Fino-Chen, Cecilia

    2012-01-15

    The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) was established in 1988. Over the years the Group has gained recognition as an authoritative source of China energy statistics through the publication of its China Energy Databook (CED). In 2008 the Group published the Seventh Edition of the CED (http://china.lbl.gov/research/chinaenergy-databook). This handbook summarizes key statistics from the CED and is expressly modeled on the International Energy Agency’s “Key World Energy Statistics” series of publications. The handbook contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation, and consumption of all major energy sources.

  17. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lu, Hongyou; Fino-Chen, Cecilia

    2012-05-01

    The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) was established in 1988. Over the years the Group has gained recognition as an authoritative source of China energy statistics through the publication of its China Energy Databook (CED). The Group has published seven editions to date of the CED (http://china.lbl.gov/research/chinaenergy-databook). This handbook summarizes key statistics from the CED and is expressly modeled on the International Energy Agency’s “Key World Energy Statistics” series of publications. The handbook contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation, and consumption of all major energy sources.

  18. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Shouxian, China for the Study of Aerosol Indirect Effects in China

    DOE Data Explorer

    In a complex ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) deployment, monitoring data was collected at four locations in China during 2008. The various sites are located in regions with different climate regimes and with high aerosol loadings of different optical, physical, and chemical properties. Measurements obtained at all the AMF sites during the 8-month deployment in China will help scientists to validate satellite-based findings, understand the mechanisms of the aerosol indirect effects in the region, and examine the roles of aerosols in affecting regional climate and atmospheric circulation, with a special focus on the impact of the East Asian monsoon system. As with other collections from the ARM Mobile Facility, the datasets are available from the ARM Archive. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  19. US-China clean energy report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    US-China clean energy report US-China clean energy report US-China clean energy report PDF icon US-China clean energy report More Documents & Publications FACT SHEET: U.S.-China...

  20. China Nuclear Engineering Construction Corporation CNEC | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nuclear Engineering Construction Corporation CNEC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation (CNEC) Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100840...

  1. China Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Association Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Wind Energy Association Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100013 Sector: Wind energy Product: A...

  2. China Building Design Consultants | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Building Design Consultants Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Building Design Consultants Place: Beijing Municipality, China Sector: Solar Product: Beijing-based architecture...

  3. China Enfi Enginnering Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Enfi Enginnering Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Enfi Enginnering Corporation Place: Beijing Municipality, China Product: Beijing-based engineering company....

  4. China Technology Development Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Technology Development Corporation Place: Tortola, China Zip: 310012 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar Product: Chinese company...

  5. China Export Partners | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Export Partners Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Export Partners Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100027 Sector: Solar Product: A Beijing-based sourcing and...

  6. China Zhaodong Jianye Fuel | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Zhaodong Jianye Fuel Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Zhaodong Jianye Fuel Place: Zhaodong, Heilongjiang Province, China Product: Zhao Dong Ye Fuel engages in the...

  7. Hebei, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hebei, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Hebei, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1808773 Coordinates 39, 116 Show Map Loading map......

  8. China s Green Beat | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: China's Green Beat Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100088 Product: The body create films and podcasts, with a view to promoting...

  9. China Shoto Plc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Shoto Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Shoto Plc Place: Taizhou, Jiangsu Province, China Zip: 225526 Product: Taizhou-based manufacturer of rechargeable lead acid...

  10. China-NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    NETL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name NETL-China Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Energy Technology Laboratory Partner China Sector Energy Topics...

  11. China 2050 Pathways Calculator | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2050 Pathways Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: China 2050 Pathways Calculator AgencyCompany Organization: China's Energy Research Institute...

  12. China Hydroelectric Corp | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Hydroelectric Corp Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100010 Sector: Hydro Product: Engaged in the acquisition of small...

  13. China Carbon Finance | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Finance Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Carbon Finance Place: Auburn, Washington State Zip: 98002 Product: Project developer focused on CDM projects in China References:...

  14. China Guodian Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Guodian Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Guodian Corporation Place: China Coordinates: 35.86166, 104.195397 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  15. LBNL China Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    organizations, as well as with multilateral organizations working in China such as the IEA, World Bank, UN Development Program."1 "LBNL's China Energy Group can contribute to...

  16. Mathematical model of unmanned aerial vehicle used for endurance autonomous monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Chelaru, Teodor-Viorel; Chelaru, Adrian

    2014-12-10

    The paper purpose is to present some aspects regarding the control system of unmanned aerial vehicle - UAV, used to local observations, surveillance and monitoring interest area. The calculus methodology allows a numerical simulation of UAV evolution in bad atmospheric conditions by using nonlinear model, as well as a linear one for obtaining guidance command. The UAV model which will be presented has six DOF (degrees of freedom), and autonomous control system. This theoretical development allows us to build stability matrix, command matrix and control matrix and finally to analyse the stability of autonomous UAV flight. A robust guidance system, based on uncoupled state will be evaluated for different fly conditions and the results will be presented. The flight parameters and guidance will be analysed.

  17. Transit times and mean ages for nonautonomous and autonomous compartmental systems

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, Martin; Hastings, Alan; Smith, Matthew J.; Agusto, Folashade B.; Chen-Charpentier, Benito M.; Hoffman, Forrest M.; Jiang, Jiang; Todd-Brown, Katherine E. O.; Wang, Ying; Wang, Ying -Ping; et al

    2016-04-01

    In this study, we develop a theory for transit times and mean ages for nonautonomous compartmental systems. Using the McKendrick–von Förster equation, we show that the mean ages of mass in a compartmental system satisfy a linear nonautonomous ordinary differential equation that is exponentially stable. We then define a nonautonomous version of transit time as the mean age of mass leaving the compartmental system at a particular time and show that our nonautonomous theory generalises the autonomous case. We apply these results to study a nine-dimensional nonautonomous compartmental system modeling the terrestrial carbon cycle, which is a modification of themore » Carnegie–Ames–Stanford approach model, and we demonstrate that the nonautonomous versions of transit time and mean age differ significantly from the autonomous quantities when calculated for that model.« less

  18. Autonomous Acoustic Receiver Deployment and Mooring Techniques for Use in Large Rivers and Estuaries

    SciTech Connect

    Titzler, P. Scott; McMichael, Geoffrey A.; Carter, Jessica A.

    2010-08-01

    Autonomous acoustic receivers are often deployed across a range of aquatic habitats to study aquatic species. The Juvenile Salmon Telemetry System autonomous acoustic receiver packages we deployed in the Columbia River and its estuary were comprised of an acoustic receiver, acoustic release, and mooring line sections and were deployed directly on the river bottom. Detection ranges and reception data from past optimization deployments helped determine acoustic receiver spacing in order to achieve acceptable detection probabilities for juvenile salmon survival estimation. Methods used in 2005, which resulted in a high equipment loss rate, were modified and used between 2006 and 2008 to increase crew safety and optimize receiver deployment and recovery operations in a large river system. By eliminating surface buoys and taglines (for anchor recovery), we experienced a recovery success rate greater than previous acoustic receiver deployment techniques used in the Columbia River and elsewhere. This autonomous acoustic receiver system has optimized deployment, recovery, and servicing efficiency to successfully detect acoustic-tagged salmonids in a variety of river environments.

  19. Regional Education Partners

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Regional Education Partners Regional Education Partners One of the Laboratory's STEM education objectives is centered on strengthening the future workforce of Northern New Mexico...

  20. Environmental issues in China

    SciTech Connect

    Travis, P.S.

    1991-10-01

    Global concern about the environment is increasing, and the People's Republic of China (PRC) is not immune from such concerns. The Chinese face issues similar to those of many other developing nations. The US Department of Energy is particularly interested in national and world pollution issues, especially those that may infringe on other countries' economic growth and development. The DOE is also interested in any opportunities that might exist for US technical assistance and equipment in combating environmental problems. Our studies of articles in the China Daily, and English-language daily newspaper published by the Chinese government, show that population, pollution, and energy are major concerns of the Chinese Communist Party. Thus this report emphasizes the official Chinese government view. Supporting data were also obtained from other sources. Regardless of the severity of their various environmental problems, the Chinese will only try to remedy those problems with the greatest negative effects on its developing economy. They will be looking for foreign assistance, financial and informational, to help implement solutions. With the Chinese government seeking assistance, the United States has an opportunity to export basic technical information, especially in the areas of pollution control and monitoring, oil exploration methods, oil drilling technology, water and sewage treatment procedures, hazardous waste and nuclear waste handling techniques, and nuclear power plant safety procedures. In those areas the US has expertise and extensive technical experience, and by exporting the technologies the US would benefit both economically and politically. 59 refs., 3 figs.

  1. DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement (109.75 KB) More Documents & Publications DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements US-China Clean Energy Cooperation

  2. Regional Energy Efficiency Programs

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation covers regional industrial energy efficiency programs in the Midwest, Southeast, and Southwest.

  3. NNSA, China Sign Agreement to Prevent Nuclear Smuggling | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    NNSA, China Sign Agreement to Prevent Nuclear Smuggling August 15, 2013 WASHINGTON, D.C. - ... of China's General Administration of China Customs (GACC) to renew cooperative ...

  4. China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd Place: China Sector: Solar Product: China Guangdong Nuclear's division on solar...

  5. China's National Climate Change Programme | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China's National Climate Change Programme Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: China's National Climate Change Programme AgencyCompany Organization: China...

  6. China-Climate Change Research Center | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China-Climate Change Research Center (Redirected from ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center) Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Climate Change Research Center...

  7. Ars Technica Visits GE's China Technology Center | GE Global...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Technica visits GE's China Technology Center Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new ... Ars Technica visits GE's China Technology Center Ars Technica visited GE's China ...

  8. Promotion of Rural Renewable Energy in Western China | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy in Western China Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100026 Sector: Bioenergy Product: A programme launched by China Association of Rural Energy Industry (CAREI)...

  9. Vestas Wind Technology China Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Vestas Wind Technology China Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vestas Wind Technology (China) Co Ltd Place: Tianjin Municipality, China Zip: 300462 Sector: Wind energy...

  10. Khazanah Nasional Berhad Beijing China Sciences General Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Khazanah Nasional Berhad Beijing China Sciences General Energy JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Khazanah Nasional Berhad & Beijing China Sciences General Energy JV Place: China...

  11. Solar Power China Corporation Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Power China Corporation Ltd Place: China Sector: Solar Product: China-focused PV project developer, acting as a joint...

  12. China Lucky Film Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lucky Film Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Lucky Film Co Ltd Place: Baoding, Hebei Province, China Zip: 71054 Sector: Solar Product: China's photosensitive materials...

  13. China Shaanxi Yulin Huayang New Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Shaanxi Yulin Huayang New Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Shaanxi Yulin Huayang New Energy Place: Yulin, Shaanxi Province, China Sector: Solar Product: China-based...

  14. Great China New Energy Technology Services Co Ltd GCNETS | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Energy Technology Services Co Ltd GCNETS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Great China New Energy Technology Services Co Ltd (GCNETS) Place: China Product: China-based...

  15. Chengda Engineering Corporation of China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Chengda Engineering Corporation of China Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chengda Engineering Corporation of China Place: Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China Zip: 610041 Product: A...

  16. China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation COEGC | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation COEGC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation (COEGC) Place: Beijing Municipality, China Sector:...

  17. Impact of East Asian Summer Monsoon on the Air Quality over China: View from space

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Chun; Wang, Yuhang; Yang, Qing; Fu, Rong; Cunnold, Derek; Choi, Yunsoo

    2010-05-04

    Tropospheric O3 columns retrieved from OMI and MLS measurements, CO columns from MOPITT, and tropospheric O3 and CO concentrations from TES from May to August in 2006 are analyzed using the Regional chEmical and trAnsport Model (REAM) to investigate the impact of the East Asian summer monsoon on the air quality over China. The observed and simulated migrations of O3 and CO are in good agreement, demonstrating that the summer monsoon significantly affects the air quality over southeastern China and this influence extends to central East China from June to July. Enhancements of CO and O3 over southeastern China disappear after the onset of the summer monsoon and re-emerge in August after the monsoon wanes. The pre-monsoon high O3 concentrations over southern China are due to photochemical production from pollutant emissions and the O3 transport from the stratosphere. In the summer monsoon season, the O3 concentrations are relatively low over monsoon-affected regions because of the transport of marine air masses and weak photochemical activity. We find that the monsoon system strongly modulates the pollution problem over a large portion of East China in summer, depending on its strength and tempo-spatial extension. Model results also suggest that transport from the stratosphere and long-range transport from East China and South/Central Asia all make significant contributions to O3 enhancements over West China. Satellite observations provide valuable information for investigating the monsoon impact on air quality, particularly for the regions with limited in situ measurements.

  18. China reaches crossroads for strategic choices

    SciTech Connect

    Xu Xiaojie

    1997-04-01

    China is not only the world`s sixth largest oil producer but also one of the top 20 natural gas producers. Oil output and gas production account for 19.95% and 2% of the country`s primary energy mix, respectively. From 1963 through 1989, Chinese indigenous production increased steadily as a whole, thanks to major discoveries in eastern China. However, since 1990, the country`s crude production has stagnated, while oil imports have increased constantly. The large gap that will exist inevitably between demand and domestic oil supply will be satisfied by crude imports and natural gas, instead. However, ample imports and further development of natural gas are constrained by financial problems, inadequate infrastructure and the current, central governmental planning system. In addition, environmental concerns have become a stronger factor than ever before. Several solutions are recommended to address these problems. However, it will be difficult to freely pursue these challenges without making several, hard strategic choices. The paper discusses economic growth vs. supply shortfalls; regional imbalances and frontier challenges; infrastructue and financing; marketization and regulatory reform; and geopolitical and security impacts.

  19. China Energy Databook. Revision 4

    SciTech Connect

    Sinton, J. E.; Fridley, D. G.; Levine, M. D.; Yang, F.; Zhenping, J.; Xing, Z.; Kejun, J.; Xiaofeng, L.

    1996-09-01

    The Energy Analysis Program at LBL first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and energy demand held in Nanjing Nov. 1988. EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute of China`s State Planning Commission. It was decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Primary interest was to use the data to help understand the historical evolution and likely future of the Chinese energy system; thus the primary criterion was to relate the data to the structure of energy supply and demand in the past and to indicate probable developments (eg, as indicated by patterns of investment). Caveats are included in forewords to both the 1992 and 1996 editions. A chapter on energy prices is included in the 1996 edition. 1993 energy consumption data are not included since there was a major disruption in energy statistical collection in China that year.

  20. An atomic magnetometer with autonomous frequency stabilization and large dynamic range

    SciTech Connect

    Pradhan, S. E-mail: pradhans75@gmail.com; Poornima,; Dasgupta, K.; Mishra, S.; Behera, R.

    2015-06-15

    The operation of a highly sensitive atomic magnetometer using elliptically polarized resonant light is demonstrated. It is based on measurement of zero magnetic field resonance in degenerate two level systems using polarimetric detection. The transmitted light through the polarimeter is used for laser frequency stabilization, whereas reflected light is used for magnetic field measurement. Thus, the experimental geometry allows autonomous frequency stabilization of the laser frequency leading to compact operation of the overall device and has a preliminary sensitivity of <10 pT/Hz{sup 1/2} @ 1 Hz. Additionally, the dynamic range of the device is improved by feedback controlling the bias magnetic field without compromising on its sensitivity.

  1. Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues

    SciTech Connect

    Shen, Bo; Price, Lynn; Lu, Hongyou

    2010-12-21

    China has set an ambitious goal of reducing its energy use per unit of GDP by 20% between 2006 and 2010. Since the industrial sector consumes about two-thirds of China's primary energy, many of the country's efforts are focused on improving the energy efficiency of this sector. Industrial energy audits have become an important part of China's efforts to improve its energy intensity. In China, industrial energy audits have been employed to help enterprises indentify energy-efficiency improvement opportunities for achieving the energy-saving targets. These audits also serve as a mean to collect critical energy-consuming information necessary for governments at different levels to supervise enterprises energy use and evaluate their energy performance. To better understand how energy audits are carried out in China as well as their impacts on achieving China's energy-saving target, researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) conducted an in-depth study that combines a review of China's national policies and guidelines on energy auditing and a series of discussions with a variety of Chinese institutions involved in energy audits. This report consists of four parts. First, it provides a historical overview of energy auditing in China over the past decades, describing how and why energy audits have been conducted during various periods. Next, the report reviews current energy auditing practices at both the national and regional levels. It then discusses some of the key issues related to energy audits conducted in China, which underscore the need for improvement. The report concludes with policy recommendations for China that draw upon international best practices and aim to remove barriers to maximizing the potential of energy audits.

  2. Renewable energy development in China

    SciTech Connect

    Junfeng, Li

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the resources availability, technologies development and their costs of renewable energies in China and introduces the programs of renewable energies technologies development and their adaptation for rural economic development in China. As the conclusion of this paper, renewable energies technologies are suitable for some rural areas, especially in the remote areas for both household energy and business activities energy demand. The paper looks at issues involving hydropower, wind energy, biomass combustion, geothermal energy, and solar energy.

  3. China energy databook. 1992 Edition

    SciTech Connect

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1992-11-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

  4. Total China Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Investment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Total (China) Investment Co. Ltd. Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100004 Product: Total has been present in China for about 30...

  5. PetroSun Biofuels China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PetroSun Biofuels China Jump to: navigation, search Name: PetroSun Biofuels China Place: China Sector: Biofuels Product: PetroSun Biofuels China is a wholly owned subsidiary of...

  6. US-China Clean Energy Cooperation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    US-China Clean Energy Cooperation US-China Clean Energy Cooperation US-China Clean Energy Cooperation PDF icon US-China Clean Energy Cooperation More Documents & Publications FACT...

  7. Europe China Clean Energy Centre | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Europe China Clean Energy Centre Jump to: navigation, search Name: Europe-China Clean Energy Centre Place: Beijing Municipality, China Product: Beijing-based China-EU clean energy...

  8. China Lao Gaixian Wind L P | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lao Gaixian Wind L P Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Lao Gaixian Wind L.P. Place: China Sector: Wind energy Product: China-based wind farm developer. References: China Lao...

  9. Regional Education Partners

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Regional Education Partners Regional Education Partners One of the Laboratory's STEM education objectives is centered on strengthening the future workforce of Northern New Mexico and the Laboratory through effective partnerships with regional secondary and higher education organizations, businesses and industry. Contact Executive Office Director Kathy Keith Community Partnerships Office (505) 665-4400 Email Regional Partners Charlie McMillan talking with Rick Ulibarri and Dr. Fries, President of

  10. NASEO Midwest Regional Meeting

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) is hosting its Midwest Regional Meeting in Des Moines, Iowa.

  11. Autonomic Intelligent Cyber-Sensor to Support Industrial Control Network Awareness

    SciTech Connect

    Denis T. Vollmer; Milos Manic; O. Linda

    2014-05-01

    The proliferation of digital devices in a networked industrial ecosystem, along with an exponential growth in complexity and scope, has resulted in elevated security concerns and management complexity issues. This paper describes a novel architecture utilizing concepts of autonomic computing and a simple object access protocol (SOAP)-based interface to metadata access points (IF-MAP) external communication layer to create a network security sensor. This approach simplifies integration of legacy software and supports a secure, scalable, and self-managed framework. The contribution of this paper is twofold: 1) A flexible two-level communication layer based on autonomic computing and service oriented architecture is detailed and 2) three complementary modules that dynamically reconfigure in response to a changing environment are presented. One module utilizes clustering and fuzzy logic to monitor traffic for abnormal behavior. Another module passively monitors network traffic and deploys deceptive virtual network hosts. These components of the sensor system were implemented in C++ and PERL and utilize a common internal D-Bus communication mechanism. A proof of concept prototype was deployed on a mixed-use test network showing the possible real-world applicability. In testing, 45 of the 46 network attached devices were recognized and 10 of the 12 emulated devices were created with specific operating system and port configurations. In addition, the anomaly detection algorithm achieved a 99.9% recognition rate. All output from the modules were correctly distributed using the common communication structure.

  12. Enhanced autonomic shutdown of Li-ion batteries by polydopamine coated polyethylene microspheres

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Baginska, Marta; Blaiszik, Benjamin J.; Rajh, Tijana; Sottos, Nancy R.; White, Scott R.

    2014-07-17

    Thermally triggered autonomic shutdown of a Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery is demonstrated using polydopamine (PDA)-coated polyethylene microspheres applied onto a battery anode. The microspheres are dispersed in a buffered 10 mM dopamine salt solution and the pH is raised to initiate the polymerization and coat the microspheres. Coated microspheres are then mixed with an aqueous binder, applied onto a battery anode surface, dried, and incorporated into Li-ion coin cells. FTIR and Raman spectroscopy are used to verify the presence of the polydopamine on the surface of the microspheres. Scanning electron microscopy is used to examine microsphere surface morphology and resulting anodemore » coating quality. Charge and discharge capacity, as well as impedance, are measured for Li-ion coin cells as a function of microsphere content. Autonomous shutdown is achieved by applying 1.7 mg cm–2 of PDA-coated microspheres to the electrode. Furthermore, the PDA coating significantly reduces the mass of microspheres for effective shutdown compared to our prior work with uncoated microspheres.« less

  13. Enhanced autonomic shutdown of Li-ion batteries by polydopamine coated polyethylene microspheres

    SciTech Connect

    Baginska, Marta; Blaiszik, Benjamin J.; Rajh, Tijana; Sottos, Nancy R.; White, Scott R.

    2014-07-17

    Thermally triggered autonomic shutdown of a Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery is demonstrated using polydopamine (PDA)-coated polyethylene microspheres applied onto a battery anode. The microspheres are dispersed in a buffered 10 mM dopamine salt solution and the pH is raised to initiate the polymerization and coat the microspheres. Coated microspheres are then mixed with an aqueous binder, applied onto a battery anode surface, dried, and incorporated into Li-ion coin cells. FTIR and Raman spectroscopy are used to verify the presence of the polydopamine on the surface of the microspheres. Scanning electron microscopy is used to examine microsphere surface morphology and resulting anode coating quality. Charge and discharge capacity, as well as impedance, are measured for Li-ion coin cells as a function of microsphere content. Autonomous shutdown is achieved by applying 1.7 mg cm–2 of PDA-coated microspheres to the electrode. Furthermore, the PDA coating significantly reduces the mass of microspheres for effective shutdown compared to our prior work with uncoated microspheres.

  14. Command and Control Architectures for Autonomous Micro-Robotic Forces - FY-2000 Project Report

    SciTech Connect

    Dudenhoeffer, Donald Dean

    2001-04-01

    Advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and micro-technologies will soon give rise to production of large-scale forces of autonomous micro-robots with systems of innate behaviors and with capabilities of self-organization and real world tasking. Such organizations have been compared to schools of fish, flocks of birds, herds of animals, swarms of insects, and military squadrons. While these systems are envisioned as maintaining a high degree of autonomy, it is important to understand the relationship of man with such machines. In moving from research studies to the practical deployment of large-scale numbers of robots, one of critical pieces that must be explored is the command and control architecture for humans to re-task and also inject global knowledge, experience, and intuition into the force. Tele-operation should not be the goal, but rather a level of adjustable autonomy and high-level control. If a herd of sheep is comparable to the collective of robots, then the human element is comparable to the shepherd pulling in strays and guiding the herd in the direction of greener pastures. This report addresses the issues and development of command and control for largescale numbers of autonomous robots deployed as a collective force.

  15. Urat Rear Banner Jihe Orient Wind Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Urat Rear Banner Jihe Orient Wind Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Urat Rear Banner Jihe Orient Wind Energy Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China...

  16. Baotou Iron and Steel Group Baotou Steel | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Baotou Iron and Steel Group (Baotou Steel) Place: Baotou, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Product: Baotou-based iron and steel maker as well as a rare...

  17. Inner Mongolia Bayannao er Fuhui Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Bayannao er Fuhui Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inner Mongolia Bayannao'er Fuhui Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind...

  18. China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer (131.94 KB) More Documents & Publications DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement Audit of Department of Energy International Charter Flights, IG-0397

  19. Sustainable Building in China -- A Green Leap Forward?

    SciTech Connect

    Diamond, Richard; Ye, Qing; Feng, Wei; Yan, Tao; Mao, Hongwei; Li, Yutong; Guo, Yongcong; Wang, Jialiang

    2013-09-01

    China is constructing new commercial buildings at an enormous rate -- roughly 2 billion square meters per year, with considerable interest and activity in green design and construction. We review the context of commercial building design and construction in China, and look at a specific project as an example of a high performance, sustainable design, the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR). The IBR building incorporates over 40 sustainable technologies and strategies, including daylighting, natural ventilation, gray-water recycling, solar-energy generation, and highly efficient Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems. We present measured data on the performance of the building, including detailed analysis by energy end use, water use, and occupant comfort and satisfaction. Total building energy consumption in 2011 was 1151 MWh, with an Energy Use Intensity (EUI) of 63 kWh/m2 (20 kBtu/ft2), which is 61% of the mean EUI value of 103 kWh/m2 (33 kBtu/ft2) for similar buildings in the region. We also comment on the unique design process, which incorporated passive strategies throughout the building, and has led to high occupant satisfaction with the natural ventilation, daylighting, and green patio work areas. Lastly we present thoughts on how the design philosophy of the IBR building can be a guide for low-energy design in different climate regions throughout China and elsewhere.

  20. HydroChina Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Zip: 100011 Sector: Hydro, Wind energy Product: Beijing-based firm focused on hydro and wind power development. References: HydroChina Corporation1 This article is a...

  1. US-China Renewable Energy Forum

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The first-ever U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum was held on May 26-27, 2010 in Beijing, concurrent with the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue and with parallel forums on energy efficiency...

  2. US-China Energy Efficiency Forum

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On May 26th, 2010, the first ever U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum was held in Beijing, China The Forum brought together more than 150 U.S. and Chinese officials from government, industry,...

  3. U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Second U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, held May 5-6, 2011 in the U.S. at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, highlighted U.S.-China cooperation on energy...

  4. Shenyang, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Shenyang, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Shenyang, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2034937 Coordinates 41.79222, 123.43278 Show Map Loading...

  5. Baoding, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Baoding, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Baoding, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1816971 Coordinates 38.851111, 115.490278 Show Map Loading...

  6. Tianjin, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tianjin, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Tianjin, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1792947 Coordinates 39.14222, 117.17667 Show Map Loading...

  7. Wind Power in China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power in China Jump to: navigation, search This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Contents 1 Summary 2 Estimate Potential 3 Current Projects 4 China...

  8. MOU-CHINA.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    MOU-CHINA.pdf MOU-CHINA.pdf (199.41 KB) More Documents & Publications Memorandum of Understanding between the Department of Energy of the United States of America and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China Concerning Industrial Energy Efficiency Cooperation Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Energy and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation

  9. ARM - News : AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ChinaNews : AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China Shouxian Deployment AMF Home Shouxian Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Experiment Planning Proposal Science Plan, (PDF, 1,257K) Outreach Fact Sheets English Version (PDF, 458K) Mandarin Version (PDF, 1230K) AMF Poster, Mandarin Version News Campaign Images News : AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China Nature Magazine News Feature (must have subscription to view) September 23, 2009 Data Available from ARM Mobile Facility Deployment in China March 18,

  10. China National Machinery Industry Complete Engineering Corporation...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Industry Complete Engineering Corporation CMCEC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National Machinery Industry Complete Engineering Corporation (CMCEC) Place: Beijing,...

  11. China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation CARCU...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation CARCU Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation (CARCU) Place: Beijing Municipality,...

  12. Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China Prof. Jinyang Zheng Director of IPE, Zhejiang University Director of Engineering Research Center for High Pressure Process Equipment and Safety, Ministry of Education Vice Director of China National Safety Committee of Pressure Vessels Vice President of CMES-P.R. China China Representative of ISO/TC197 and ISO/TC58 U.S. Department of Transportation and U. S. Department of Energy Workshop: Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lessons

  13. China develops natural gas industry

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    As of 1981, more than 60 natural gas fields with a total annual output of 12.74 billion cu m have been discovered in China, placing the country among the top 12 gas producers in the world. In addition, there are prospects for natural gas in the Bohai-North China Basin and the Qaidam Basin, NW. China, providing a base for further expansion of the gas industry. Gas reservoirs have been found in 9 different geologic ages: Sinian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Tertiary, and Quaternary. Of the 60 gas field now being exploited, there are more than 40 fields in Sichuan. The Sichuan Basin gas industry is described in detail.

  14. US-China Clean Energy Fora

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 26-27, 2010, U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary David Sandalow co-hosted the inaugural U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, the U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum and the U.S.-China...

  15. U.S.-China Clean Energy Fora

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Assistant Secretary David Sandalow co-hosted the U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, the U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum and the U.S.-China Advanced Biofuels Forum in Beijing. These three fora were established under the clean energy cooperation measures announced by President Barack Obama and President Hu Jintao in 2009.

  16. Western Regional Partnership Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Regional Partnership Overview June 2013 Briefing Overview  WRP Background  Importance of Region  WRP Tribal Relations Committee  WRP Energy Committee WRP Region's Uniqueness  5 states stretching from the Great Plains to the Pacific Ocean  Diverse terrain ranging from desert valleys to forested mountains  Significant State Trust Landholdings  Approximately 188 Federally recognized Tribes  Significant amounts of Federally managed land  According to GSA 2004 study, WRP

  17. Regional Workforce Study - SRSCRO

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    delved into four of the region's key economic drivers - nuclear, manufacturing, cybersecurityIT, and healthcare. TIP Strategies conducted a comprehensive analysis of the...

  18. Regional Energy Planning

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydroelectric Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine Fossil Fuel Turbines Alaska Energy Statistics, 2011 4 Energy Costs Vary 5 Regional Energy Planning * Energy Pathways led to ...

  19. ERHIC INTERACTION REGION DESIGN.

    SciTech Connect

    MONTAG,C.PARKER,B.PTITSYN,V.TEPIKIAN,S.WANG,D.WANG,F.

    2003-10-13

    This paper presents the current interaction region design status of the ring-ring version of the electron-ion collider eRHIC (release 2.0).

  20. CEMI Western Regional Summit

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Please Join Assistant Secretary of Energy Dr. David Danielson for the Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative's Western Regional Summit. Register now for this free event.

  1. On the possibility of simultaneous emission of an autonomous cw HF-DF chemical laser in two spectral ranges

    SciTech Connect

    Bashkin, A S; Gurov, L V; Katorgin, B I; Petrova, S N; Polinovsky, D V

    2008-05-31

    The efficiencies of different fuel compositions used in the combustion chamber of an autonomous cw chemical HF-DF laser for obtaining high specific energy parameters during simultaneous lasing in HF and DF molecules in two spectral ranges are theoretically analysed. It is shown that mirrors with the reflectance above 99% in these spectral ranges can be manufactured in principle. (lasers)

  2. Physics based model for online fault detection in autonomous cryogenic loading system

    SciTech Connect

    Kashani, Ali; Ponizhovskaya, Ekaterina; Luchinsky, Dmitry; Smelyanskiy, Vadim; Patterson-Hine, Anna; Sass, Jared; Brown, Barbara

    2014-01-29

    We report the progress in the development of the chilldown model for a rapid cryogenic loading system developed at NASA-Kennedy Space Center. The nontrivial characteristic feature of the analyzed chilldown regime is its active control by dump valves. The two-phase flow model of the chilldown is approximated as one-dimensional homogeneous fluid flow with no slip condition for the interphase velocity. The model is built using commercial SINDA/FLUINT software. The results of numerical predictions are in good agreement with the experimental time traces. The obtained results pave the way to the application of the SINDA/FLUINT model as a verification tool for the design and algorithm development required for autonomous loading operation.

  3. Real time explosive hazard information sensing, processing, and communication for autonomous operation

    DOEpatents

    Versteeg, Roelof J; Few, Douglas A; Kinoshita, Robert A; Johnson, Doug; Linda, Ondrej

    2015-02-24

    Methods, computer readable media, and apparatuses provide robotic explosive hazard detection. A robot intelligence kernel (RIK) includes a dynamic autonomy structure with two or more autonomy levels between operator intervention and robot initiative A mine sensor and processing module (ESPM) operating separately from the RIK perceives environmental variables indicative of a mine using subsurface perceptors. The ESPM processes mine information to determine a likelihood of a presence of a mine. A robot can autonomously modify behavior responsive to an indication of a detected mine. The behavior is modified between detection of mines, detailed scanning and characterization of the mine, developing mine indication parameters, and resuming detection. Real time messages are passed between the RIK and the ESPM. A combination of ESPM bound messages and RIK bound messages cause the robot platform to switch between modes including a calibration mode, the mine detection mode, and the mine characterization mode.

  4. Real time explosive hazard information sensing, processing, and communication for autonomous operation

    DOEpatents

    Versteeg, Roelof J.; Few, Douglas A.; Kinoshita, Robert A.; Johnson, Douglas; Linda, Ondrej

    2015-12-15

    Methods, computer readable media, and apparatuses provide robotic explosive hazard detection. A robot intelligence kernel (RIK) includes a dynamic autonomy structure with two or more autonomy levels between operator intervention and robot initiative A mine sensor and processing module (ESPM) operating separately from the RIK perceives environmental variables indicative of a mine using subsurface perceptors. The ESPM processes mine information to determine a likelihood of a presence of a mine. A robot can autonomously modify behavior responsive to an indication of a detected mine. The behavior is modified between detection of mines, detailed scanning and characterization of the mine, developing mine indication parameters, and resuming detection. Real time messages are passed between the RIK and the ESPM. A combination of ESPM bound messages and RIK bound messages cause the robot platform to switch between modes including a calibration mode, the mine detection mode, and the mine characterization mode.

  5. A review of China`s energy policy

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, F.; Duan, N.; Zhijie, H.

    1994-12-01

    In 1992 China`s primary energy production reached 1075 million tons of coal equivalent by far the largest in the developing world. Because coal is the primary commercial fuel, rapid growth of carbon dioxide emissions is certain. Thus the attitude of the Chinese government toward energy and environmental issues becomes increasingly important to those involved in the study and analysis of global climate change and energy issues. This report is intended to provide a basic understanding of the development of China`s energy policymaking over the past four decades. The paper first reviews institutional development and policymaking and then describes the transition to the market-oriented system. While energy has consistently received a great deal of attention from the central government, the institutional basis for setting and implementing policies has shifted often. Reforms during the past 15 years have been incremental, piecemeal, and occasionally contradictory, but overall have freed a large portion of the energy industry from the strictures of a planned economy and laid the basis for broad price liberalization. Responsibility for energy planning is now dispersed among a number of organizations, rendering coordination of energy development difficult. Economic reform has rendered obsolete most of the policy-implementation means of the planning era. Although the new tools of central control are not fully effective, the trend toward decentralized decisionmaking has been strengthened. The report ends with a summary of energy forecasts used by Chinese policymakers, highlighting current policy goals and the issues that will shape future policy.

  6. Role of non-fossil energy in meeting China's energy and climate target for 2020

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Sheng; Tong, Qing; Yu, Sha; Wang, Yu; Chai, Qimin; Zhang, Xiliang

    2012-12-01

    China is the largest energy consumer and CO2 emitter in the world. The Chinese government faces growing challenges of ensuring energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To address these two issues, the Chinese government has announced two ambitious domestic indicative autonomous mitigation targets for 2020: increasing the ratio of non-fossil energy to 15% and reducing carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40-45% from 2005 levels. To explore the role of non-fossil energy in achieving these two targets, this paper first provides an overview of current status of non-fossil energy development in China; then gives a brief review of GDP and primary energy consumption; next assesses in detail the role of the non fossil energy in 2020, including the installed capacity and electricity generation of non-fossil energy sources, the share and role of non-fossil energy in the electricity structure, emissions reduction resulting from the shift to non-fossil energy, and challenges for accomplishing the mitigation targets in 2020 ; finally, conclusions and policy measures for non-fossil energy development are proposed.

  7. Cogeneration development and market potential in China

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J.; Xin, D.

    1996-05-01

    China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

  8. China, India demand cushions prices

    SciTech Connect

    Boyle, M.

    2006-11-15

    Despite the hopes of coal consumers, coal prices did not plummet in 2006 as demand stayed firm. China and India's growing economies, coupled with solid supply-demand fundamentals in North America and Europe, and highly volatile prices for alternatives are likely to keep physical coal prices from wide swings in the coming year.

  9. Green lights program in China

    SciTech Connect

    Dadi, Zhuo; Hong, Liu

    1996-12-31

    In China`s 9th 5-year plan (1996-2000), the Chinese government has placed high priority on energy conservation. The China Green Lights Program (CGLP) is listed as one of the key projects of energy conservation. The basic strategy of the CGLP is to mobilise all of the potential contributors to participate in the program, and to use market signals and supplementary non-market instruments to facilitate its implementation. Governmental funds and loans will be used as seed money to attract private participation in the program. The program contains the following elements: (1) Information dissemination to educate the public on the economic and other values of the program and to provide CGLP information to increase consumer awareness and, as a result, increase the demand for energy-efficient lighting systems. (2) Development of standards and codes for lighting systems, establishment of product specifications, and enforcement of product standards. (3) Development of quality certification and labelling system to provide assurances to consumers that the products they are purchasing will meet their performance and cost saving expectations. (4) Highlighted support and financing for production technology development and production capacity expansion. (5) Demonstration and pilot projects to boost consumer confidence in green lighting systems and to demonstrate new production technologies and processes. (6) International co-operation to expand the international exchange and absorb advanced technology and experience for implementation of the China Green Lights Program.

  10. Regional Science Bowl

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    January » Regional Science Bowl Regional Science Bowl WHEN: Jan 23, 2016 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM WHERE: Highland High School 4700 Coal SE, Albuquerque, NM CONTACT: Janelle Vigil-Maestas (505) 665-4329 CATEGORY: Community INTERNAL: Calendar Login Event Description Five teams from Northern New Mexico area schools are among 16 participating in the middle school Regional Science Bowl competition. Northern area teams participating are from Los Alamos, Española, Cuba and Santa Fe. The winning team at this

  11. Delineating coal market regions

    SciTech Connect

    Solomon, B.D.; Pyrdol, J.J.

    1986-04-01

    This study addresses the delineation of US coal market regions and their evolution since the 1973 Arab oil embargo. Dichotomizing into compliance (low sulfur) and high sulfur coal deliveries, market regions are generated for 1973, 1977, and 1983. Focus is restricted to steam coal shipments to electric utilities, which currently account for over 80% of the total domestic market. A two-stage method is used. First, cluster analyses are performed on the origin-destination shipments data to generate baseline regions. This is followed by multiple regression analyses on CIF delivered price data for 1983. Sensitivity analysis on the configuration of the regions is also conducted, and some thoughts on the behavior of coal markets conclude the paper. 37 references, 6 figures, 2 tables.

  12. Regional Standards Enforcement

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Central air conditioners are now subject to a base national standard in the North and different, regional standards in the Southeast and Southwest. This page provides information about those standards and how DOE enforces them.

  13. Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    DOE has created a network of seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) to help develop the technology, infrastructure, and regulations to implement large-scale CO2 storage (also...

  14. CEMI Southeast Regional Summit

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    As part of the Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative (CEMI), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) organizes regional summits around the country to expand its partnerships, share resources and...

  15. Regional companies eye growth

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Regional companies eye growth Regional companies eye growth Adaptive Radio Technologies, Los Alamos Visualization Associates, Mesa Tech International Inc., and ThermaSun Inc. were awarded from the Venture Acceleration Fund. August 21, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new

  16. Initial appraisal of solar thermal electric energy in Tibet and Xinjiang Provinces, People`s Republic of China

    SciTech Connect

    Li Junfeng; Zhu Li; Liu Zhan; Zhang Yuan; Washom, B.; Kolb, G.

    1998-07-01

    At the request of US sponsors Spencer Management Associates (SMA) and Sun{diamond}Lab, China`s Center for Renewable Energy Development and former Ministry of Electric Power conducted an initial appraisal of the issues involved with developing China`s first solar thermal electric power plant in the sunbelt regions of Tibet or Xinjiang provinces. The appraisal concerns development of a large-scale, grid-connected solar trough or tower project capable of producing 30 or more megawatts of electricity. Several of the findings suggest that Tibet could be a niche market for solar thermal power because a solar plant may be the low-cost option relative to other methods of generating electricity. China has studied the concept of a solar thermal power plant for quite some time. In 1992, it completed a pre-feasibility study for a SEGS-type parabolic trough plant with the aid of Israel`s United Development Limited. Because the findings were positive, both parties agreed to conduct a full-scale feasibility study. However, due to funding constraints, the study was postponed. Most recently, Sun{diamond}Lab and SMA asked China to broaden the analysis to include tower as well as trough concepts. The findings of this most recent investigation completed i November of 1997, are the subject of this paper. The main conclusions of all studies conducted to date suggest that a region in the proximity of Lhasa, Tibet, offers the best near-term opportunity within China. The opportunities for solar thermal power plants in other regions of China were also investigated.

  17. Projected Changes in Mean and Interannual Variability of Surface Water over Continental China

    SciTech Connect

    Leng, Guoyong; Tang, Qiuhong; Huang, Maoyi; Hong, Yang; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2015-05-01

    Five General Circulation Model (GCM) climate projections under the RCP8.5 emission scenario were used to drive the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrologic model to investigate the impacts of climate change on hydrologic cycle over continental China in the 21st century. The bias-corrected climatic variables were generated for the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR5) by the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISI-MIP). Results showed much larger fractional changes of annual mean Evaportranspiration (ET) per unit warming than the corresponding fractional changes of Precipitation (P) per unit warming across the country especially for South China, which led to notable decrease of surface water variability (P-E). Specifically, negative trends for annual mean runoff up to -0.33%/decade and soil moisture trends varying between -0.02 to -0.13%/decade were found for most river basins across China. Coincidentally, interannual variability for both runoff and soil moisture exhibited significant positive trends for almost all river basins across China, implying an increase in extremes relative to the mean conditions. Noticeably, the largest positive trends for runoff variability and soil moisture variability, which were up to 38 0.41%/decade and 0.90%/decade, both occurred in Southwest China. In addition to the regional contrast, intra-seasonal variation was also large for the runoff mean and runoff variability changes, but small for the soil moisture mean and variability changes. Our results suggest that future climate change could further exacerbate existing water-related risks (e.g. floods and droughts) across China as indicated by the marked decrease of surface water amounts combined with steady increase of interannual variability throughout the 21st century. This study highlights the regional contrast and intra-seasonal variations for the projected hydrologic changes and could provide muti

  18. Towards A Theory of Autonomous Reconstitution of Compromised Cyber-Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Coble, Jamie B.; Dixit, Mukul

    2013-11-12

    either directly on hardware, or using virtual machines. A significant challenge within this context is the ability to verify that the reconstitution is performed in a manner that renders the cyber-system resilient to ongoing and future attacks or faults. Fundamentally, the need is to determine optimal configuration of the cyber system when a fault is determined to be present. While existing theories for fault tolerance (for example, Byzantine fault tolerance) can guarantee resilience under certain conditions, in practice, these theories can break down in the face of an intelligent adversary. Further, it is difficult, in a dynamically evolving environment, to determine whether the necessary conditions for resilience have been met, resulting in difficulties in achieving resilient operation. In addition, existing theories do not sufficiently take into account the cost for attack and defense (the adversary is generally assumed to have infinite resources and time), hierarchy of importance (all network resources are assumed to be equally important), and the dynamic nature of some attacks (i.e., as the attack evolves, can resilience be maintained?). Alternative approaches to resilience based on a centralized command and control structure suffer from a single-point-failure. This paper presents preliminary research towards concepts for effective autonomous reconstitution of compromised cyber systems. We describe a mathematical framework as a first step towards a theoretical basis for autonomous reconstitution in dynamic cyber-system environments. We then propose formulating autonomous reconstitution as an optimization problem and describe some of the challenges associated with this formulation. This is followed by a brief discussion on potential solutions to these challenges.

  19. Satellite observations of recent power plant construction in Inner Mongolia, China - article no. L15809

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Q.; Streets, D.G.; He, K.B.

    2009-08-15

    About 50% of the increase in China's NOx emissions since 2000 can be attributed to the construction of new power plants. We show that the newly added NOx emissions from new power plants in Inner Mongolia, China, were detected by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) aboard NASA's Aura satellite. Increase rates of NO{sub 2} columns from OMI and NOx emissions from inventories are even in quantitative agreement in cases where new facilities are added to already-developed regions. This study confirms that the OMI products are quite capable of identifying the construction of large new emitting facilities through detection of their NOx emissions.

  20. Feasibility Study for an Autonomous UAV -Magnetometer System -- Final Report on SERDP SEED 1509:2206

    SciTech Connect

    Roelof Versteeg; Mark McKay; Matt Anderson; Ross Johnson; Bob Selfridge; Jay Bennett

    2007-09-01

    associated with a low stand off distance autonomous UAV magnetometer platform and to investigate whether these challenges can be resolved successfully such that a successful UAV magnetometer platform can be constructed. The primary challenges which were identified and investigated include: 1. The feasibility of assembling a payload package which integrates magnetometers, accurate positioning systems (DGPS, height above ground measurement), obstacle avoidance systems, power infrastructure, communications and data storage as well as auxiliary flight controls 2. The availability of commercial UAV platforms with autonomous flight capability which can accommodate this payload package 3. The feasibility of integrating obstacle avoidance controls in UAV platform control 4. The feasibility of collecting high quality magnetic data in the vicinity of an UAV.

  1. Northeast Regional Biomass Program

    SciTech Connect

    Lusk, P.D.

    1992-12-01

    The Northeast Regional Biomass Program has been in operation for a period of nine years. During this time, state managed programs and technical programs have been conducted covering a wide range of activities primarily aim at the use and applications of wood as a fuel. These activities include: assessments of available biomass resources; surveys to determine what industries, businesses, institutions, and utility companies use wood and wood waste for fuel; and workshops, seminars, and demonstrations to provide technical assistance. In the Northeast, an estimated 6.2 million tons of wood are used in the commercial and industrial sector, where 12.5 million cords are used for residential heating annually. Of this useage, 1504.7 mw of power has been generated from biomass. The use of wood energy products has had substantial employment and income benefits in the region. Although wood and woodwaste have received primary emphasis in the regional program, the use of municipal solid waste has received increased emphasis as an energy source. The energy contribution of biomass will increase as potentia users become more familiar with existing feedstocks, technologies, and applications. The Northeast Regional Biomass Program is designed to support region-specific to overcome near-term barriers to biomass energy use.

  2. NV PFA Regional Data

    SciTech Connect

    James Faulds

    2015-10-28

    This project focused on defining geothermal play fairways and development of a detailed geothermal potential map of a large transect across the Great Basin region (96,000 km2), with the primary objective of facilitating discovery of commercial-grade, blind geothermal fields (i.e. systems with no surface hot springs or fumaroles) and thereby accelerating geothermal development in this promising region. Data included in this submission consists of: structural settings (target areas, recency of faulting, slip and dilation potential, slip rates, quality), regional-scale strain rates, earthquake density and magnitude, gravity data, temperature at 3 km depth, permeability models, favorability models, degree of exploration and exploration opportunities, data from springs and wells, transmission lines and wilderness areas, and published maps and theses for the Nevada Play Fairway area.

  3. China rationalizes its renewable energy policy

    SciTech Connect

    Su, Jack H.; Hui, Simone S.; Tsen, Kevin H.

    2010-04-15

    China's over-reliance on thermal power generation, especially coal-fired power stations, is well-documented. While nuclear power continues as an option to coal, China's strides in renewable energy are unprecedented. Recent amendments to the Renewable Energy Law, first promulgated in 2006, attempt to rationalize the regulatory regime governing wind, solar, hydropower and biomass projects in China, currently fraught with inadequate interconnection and tariff shock issues. (author)

  4. Category:Wind power in China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind power in China Jump to: navigation, search Category: Wind Power in China Pages in category "Wind power in China" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. C...

  5. China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years of Innovation "In China for China" Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click ...

  6. The building materials industry in China: An overview

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Feng; Wang, Shumao

    1994-12-01

    The present study of China`s building materials industry is a collaborative work between the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of the State Planning Commission of China and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) of the US Department of Energy (USDOE).

  7. FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements This fact sheet provides new announcements on U.S.-China...

  8. Pan China Puyang Biomass CHP Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Puyang Biomass CHP Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pan-China(Puyang) Biomass CHP Co., Ltd. Place: Puyang, Henan Province, China Zip: 455000 Sector: Biomass Product:...

  9. China Baolv Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Baolv Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Baolv Energy Co Ltd Place: China Product: China Baolv Energy, a subsidiary of Hong Kong Health Check and Laboratory...

  10. China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China-Low Carbon Development Zones (Redirected from E3G-China-Low Carbon Development Zones) Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Low Carbon Development Zones AgencyCompany...

  11. Evergreen China Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Evergreen China Energy Technology Co Ltd Place: China Product: China-based joint venture that develops K-Fuel refined coal...

  12. Big China Solar Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Solar Energy Group Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Big China Solar Energy Group Name: Big China Solar Energy Group Address: 8-306, Dingtaifenghua Community,Qianhai Road,...

  13. Designing Dual-functionalized Gels for Self-reconfiguration and Autonomous Motion

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Kuksenok, Olga; Balazs, Anna C.

    2015-04-30

    Human motion is enabled by the concerted expansion and contraction of interconnected muscles that are powered by inherent biochemical reactions. One of the challenges in the field of biomimicry is eliciting this form of motion from purely synthetic materials, which typically do not generate internalized reactions to drive mechanical action. Moreover, for practical applications, this bio-inspired motion must be readily controllable. Herein, we develop a computational model to design a new class of polymer gels where structural reconfigurations and internalized reactions are intimately linked to produce autonomous motion, which can be directed with light. These gels contain both spirobenzopyran (SP)more » chromophores and the ruthenium catalysts that drive the oscillatory Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction. Importantly, both the SP moieties and the BZ reaction are photosensitive. When these dual-functionalized gels are exposed to non-uniform illumination, the localized contraction of the gel (due to the SP moieties) in the presence of traveling chemical waves (due to the BZ reaction) leads to new forms of spontaneous, self-sustained movement, which cannot be achieved by either of the mono-functionalized networks.« less

  14. Biomanufacturing and self-propulsion dynamics of nanoscale bacteria-enabled autonomous delivery systems

    SciTech Connect

    Traore, Mahama A.; Behkam, Bahareh; Damico, Carmen M.

    2014-10-27

    Flagellated bacteria have superb self-propulsion capabilities and are able to effectively move through highly viscous fluid and semi-solid (porous) environments. This innate aptitude has been harvested for whole-cell actuation of bio-hybrid microrobotic systems with applications in directed transport and microassembly. In this work, we present the biomanufacturing of Nanoscale Bacteria-Enabled Autonomous Delivery Systems (NanoBEADS) by controlled self-assembly and investigate the role of nanoparticle load on the dynamics of their self-propulsion in aqueous environments. Each NanoBEADS agent is comprised of spherical polystyrene nanoparticles assembled onto the body of a flagellated Escherichia coli bacterium. We demonstrate that the NanoBEADS assembly configuration is strongly dependent upon the nanoparticles to bacteria ratio. Furthermore, we characterized the stochastic motion of the NanoBEADS as a function of the quantity and size of the nanoparticle load and computationally analyzed the effect of the nanoparticle load on the experienced drag force. We report that the average NanoBEADS swimming speed is reduced to 65% of the free-swimming bacteria speed (31 μm/s) at the highest possible load. NanoBEADS can be utilized as single agents or in a collaborative swarm in order to carry out specific tasks in a wide range of applications ranging from drug delivery to whole cell biosensing.

  15. Designing Dual-functionalized Gels for Self-reconfiguration and Autonomous Motion

    SciTech Connect

    Kuksenok, Olga; Balazs, Anna C.

    2015-04-30

    Human motion is enabled by the concerted expansion and contraction of interconnected muscles that are powered by inherent biochemical reactions. One of the challenges in the field of biomimicry is eliciting this form of motion from purely synthetic materials, which typically do not generate internalized reactions to drive mechanical action. Moreover, for practical applications, this bio-inspired motion must be readily controllable. Herein, we develop a computational model to design a new class of polymer gels where structural reconfigurations and internalized reactions are intimately linked to produce autonomous motion, which can be directed with light. These gels contain both spirobenzopyran (SP) chromophores and the ruthenium catalysts that drive the oscillatory Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction. Importantly, both the SP moieties and the BZ reaction are photosensitive. When these dual-functionalized gels are exposed to non-uniform illumination, the localized contraction of the gel (due to the SP moieties) in the presence of traveling chemical waves (due to the BZ reaction) leads to new forms of spontaneous, self-sustained movement, which cannot be achieved by either of the mono-functionalized networks.

  16. Advanced Sensing and Control Techniques to Facilitate Semi-Autonomous Decommissioning of Hazardous Sites - Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Schalkoff, R.J.

    2000-12-01

    This report summarizes work after 4 years of a 3-year project (no-cost extension of the above-referenced project for a period of 12 months granted). The fourth generation of a vision sensing head for geometric and photometric scene sensing has been built and tested. Estimation algorithms for automatic sensor calibration updating under robot motion have been developed and tested. We have modified the geometry extraction component of the rendering pipeline. Laser scanning now produces highly accurate points on segmented curves. These point-curves are input to a NURBS (non-uniform rational B-spline) skinning procedure to produce interpolating surface segments. The NURBS formulation includes quadrics as a sub-class, thus this formulation allows much greater flexibility without the attendant instability of generating an entire quadric surface. We have also implemented correction for diffuse lighting and specular effects. The QRobot joint level control was extended to a complete semi-autonomous robot control system for D and D operations. The imaging and VR subsystems have been integrated and tested.

  17. Fully Autonomous Multiplet Event Detection: Application to Local-Distance Monitoring of Blood Falls Seismicity

    SciTech Connect

    Carmichael, Joshua Daniel; Carr, Christina; Pettit, Erin C.

    2015-06-18

    We apply a fully autonomous icequake detection methodology to a single day of high-sample rate (200 Hz) seismic network data recorded from the terminus of Taylor Glacier, ANT that temporally coincided with a brine release episode near Blood Falls (May 13, 2014). We demonstrate a statistically validated procedure to assemble waveforms triggered by icequakes into populations of clusters linked by intra-event waveform similarity. Our processing methodology implements a noise-adaptive power detector coupled with a complete-linkage clustering algorithm and noise-adaptive correlation detector. This detector-chain reveals a population of 20 multiplet sequences that includes ~150 icequakes and produces zero false alarms on the concurrent, diurnally variable noise. Our results are very promising for identifying changes in background seismicity associated with the presence or absence of brine release episodes. We thereby suggest that our methodology could be applied to longer time periods to establish a brine-release monitoring program for Blood Falls that is based on icequake detections.

  18. Long-Term, Autonomous Measurement of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Using an Ormosil Nanocomposite-Based Optical Sensor

    SciTech Connect

    Kisholoy Goswami

    2005-10-11

    The goal of this project is to construct a prototype carbon dioxide sensor that can be commercialized to offer a low-cost, autonomous instrument for long-term, unattended measurements. Currently, a cost-effective CO2 sensor system is not available that can perform cross-platform measurements (ground-based or airborne platforms such as balloon and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)) for understanding the carbon sequestration phenomenon. The CO2 sensor would support the research objectives of DOE-sponsored programs such as AmeriFlux and the North American Carbon Program (NACP). Global energy consumption is projected to rise 60% over the next 20 years and use of oil is projected to increase by approximately 40%. The combustion of coal, oil, and natural gas has increased carbon emissions globally from 1.6 billion tons in 1950 to 6.3 billion tons in 2000. This figure is expected to reach 10 billon tons by 2020. It is important to understand the fate of this excess CO2 in the global carbon cycle. The overall goal of the project is to develop an accurate and reliable optical sensor for monitoring carbon dioxide autonomously at least for one year at a point remote from the actual CO2 release site. In Phase I of this project, InnoSense LLC (ISL) demonstrated the feasibility of an ormosil-monolith based Autonomous Sensor for Atmospheric CO2 (ASAC) device. All of the Phase I objectives were successfully met.

  19. China Innovation Investment Limited | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Innovation Investment Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Innovation Investment Limited Place: Hong Kong Sector: Solar Product: Hong Kong-listed alternative energy...

  20. China Integrated Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    integrated energy company in China engaged in three business segments: the production and sale of biodiesel, the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil...

  1. Beijing, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Now Green Capital Consulting Company GCCC Heres Hope Solar Innovation Center for Energy and Transportation ICET Mainsail Energy Ventures Inc Mingyang PetroChina Company...

  2. China BAK Battery Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Zip: 518119 Product: Guangdong- based manufacturer of standard and customized Lithium Ion rechargeable batteries. Coordinates: 22.546789, 114.112556 Show Map Loading...

  3. China-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Eastern Asia References NREL's Bilateral Partnerships 1 Abstract NREL supports biofuels, wind, rural electrification, photovoltaics (PV), and buildings projects in China....

  4. China Shandong Penglai Electric Power Equipment Manufacturing...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Penglai Electric Power Equipment Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Shandong Penglai Electric Power Equipment Manufacturing Place: Penglai, Shandong Province,...

  5. China Low Carbon Platform | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Low Carbon Platform Jump to: navigation, search Name China Low Carbon Platform AgencyCompany Organization Institute of Development Studies, Climate Change and Development Centre,...

  6. Wuxi, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wuxi, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Wuxi Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 29.228890030194, 117.0703125 Show Map Loading map......

  7. Liaoning, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Liaoning, China: Energy Resources (Redirected from Liaoning Province) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2036115 Coordinates 41, 123 Show Map...

  8. Liaoning, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Liaoning, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2036115 Coordinates 41, 123 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  9. China Technology Development Group Corporation | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Development Group Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Technology Development Group Corporation Place: Hong Kong, Hong Kong Sector: Solar Product: Chinese...

  10. U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    -China Clean Energy Announcements U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements November 17, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Beijing, China - Today, President Barack Obama and President Hu Jintao announced a far-reaching package of measures to strengthen cooperation between the United States and China on clean energy. Please see the attached fact sheets for additional details on each of the U.S-China clean energy announcements. 1. U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center. The two Presidents announced the

  11. Pennsylvania Regional Infrastructure Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CTC Team 1 Pennsylvania Regional Infrastructure Project Presentation by: The Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC) Team January 6, 2004 The CTC Team 2 Presentation Outline Introduction of CTC Team CTC Background Technical Approach - CTC Team Member Presentations Conclusions The CTC Team 3 The CTC Project Team Concurrent Technologies Corporation Program Management and Coordination Hydrogen Delivery and Storage Material Development Hydrogen Sensors Concurrent Technologies Corporation Program

  12. MOU signed between CIAE and Jefferson National Lab, USA. (China...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlesmou-signed-between-cia...-and-jefferson-national-lab-usa-china-nuclear-industry-news-ge... ... USA visited the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). ...

  13. China United Coalbed Methane Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Coalbed Methane Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China United Coalbed Methane Co Ltd Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100011 Product: Coal bed methane developer in...

  14. Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

  15. China Clean Energy Resource Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Product: China Clean Energy Resources, Ltd., a manufacturer and distributor of biodiesel fuel and specialty chemicals made from renewable resources References: China...

  16. China Solar Photovoltaic Group CNPV aka Dongying Photovoltaic...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Group CNPV aka Dongying Photovoltaic Power Co Ltd or China Solar PV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Photovoltaic Group (CNPV, aka Dongying Photovoltaic Power Co Ltd...

  17. China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Power Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company Place: Guangzhou, China Coordinates: 23.129075, 113.264423 Show Map Loading map......

  18. China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd CGNPC | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd CGNPC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd (CGNPC) Place: Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip: 518031...

  19. Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative Wind Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation (HCWE) (aka China...

  20. PetroChina Company Limited | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China's largest oil and gas company. PetroChina is involved in exploration, development, production and marketing of crude oil and natural gas; refining, transportation, storage...

  1. China-Climate Change Research Center | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China-Climate Change Research Center Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Climate Change Research Center AgencyCompany Organization ClimateWorks, Energy Foundation Sector...

  2. China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Centre (CNREC) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) Name China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) AgencyCompany Organization...

  3. Physicists in China Nail a Key Neutrino Measurement (Science...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    in China Nail a Key Neutrino Measurement (Science) External Link: http:news.sciencemag.orgsciencenow201203physicists-in-china-nail-a-key.htm... By jlabadmin on Thu, ...

  4. MOU signed between CIAE and Jefferson National Lab, USA. (China...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    MOU signed between CIAE and Jefferson National Lab, USA. (China Nuclear Industry News, ... of Jefferson National Lab, USA visited the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). ...

  5. GE China Technology Center Wins Top 12 Most Innovative Practices...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    China Technology Center Wins Top 12 Most Innovative Practices Award of "Multinational ... GE China Technology Center Wins Top 12 Most Innovative Practices Award of "Multinational ...

  6. Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor Alkali Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine & Caustic Company (aka China Jiangxi...

  7. Energy Efficiency Labeling System & its Development in China...

    Energy Saver

    Energy Efficiency Labeling System & its Development in China Energy Efficiency Labeling System & its Development in China Information about the regulations, formats, objectives, ...

  8. China-Partnership for Climate Action | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Partnership for Climate Action (Redirected from Partnership for Climate Action - China) Jump to: navigation, search Name Partnership for Climate Action - China AgencyCompany...

  9. China Longyuan Power Group Corporation Limited | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Power Group Corporation Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Longyuan Power Group Corporation Limited Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100034 Sector:...

  10. China Resources Wind Power Development Co Ltd Hua Run | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Resources Wind Power Development Co Ltd Hua Run Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Resources Wind Power Development Co Ltd (Hua Run) Place: Shantou, Guangdong Province, China...

  11. China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd Place: China Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind farm development subsidiary of Longyuan...

  12. China Institute of Geo Environment Monitoring | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Institute of Geo Environment Monitoring Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Institute of Geo-Environment Monitoring Place: China Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Chinese...

  13. China Stream Fund Solar Energy JV | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Energy JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Stream Fund Solar Energy JV Place: Changzhou, Jiangsu Province, China Zip: 213000 Product: JV between Stream High-Technology...

  14. China Electronics Technology Group Corporation CETC | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Technology Group Corporation CETC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC) Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100846 Product:...

  15. China New Energy Ltd CNE | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    CNE Jump to: navigation, search Name: China New Energy Ltd (CNE) Place: Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China Zip: 510640 Product: A provider of production equipment and...

  16. China Energy Conservation Solar Energy Technologies CECS | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Conservation Solar Energy Technologies CECS Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Energy Conservation Solar Energy Technologies (CECS) Place: China Sector: Solar Product:...

  17. China Titans Energy Technology Group Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Titans Energy Technology Group Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Titans Energy Technology Group Co Ltd Place: Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, China Sector: Solar,...

  18. China and India Industrial Efficiency NREL Partnership | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Industrial Efficiency NREL Partnership Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China-NREL Industrial Efficiency Partnership Name China-NREL Industrial Efficiency Partnership Agency...

  19. China Power International Shanghai Green CLP JV | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Shanghai Green CLP JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Power International, Shanghai Green & CLP JV Place: Shanghai, Shanghai Municipality, China Sector: Wind energy...

  20. China Technology Solar Power Holdings Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Power Holdings Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Technology Solar Power Holdings Ltd Place: Hong Kong Sector: Solar Product: China-based solar project developer,...

  1. North China Electric Power University Beijing | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Electric Power University Beijing Jump to: navigation, search Name: North China Electric Power University (Beijing) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 102206 Product:...

  2. China-NREL Rural Electrification Projects | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Rural Electrification Projects Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China Rural Electrification Name China Rural Electrification AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy...

  3. China Datang Corporation Renewable Power Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation Renewable Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Datang Corporation Renewable Power Co Ltd Place: Beijing Municipality, China Sector: Renewable Energy...

  4. China Huadian New Energy Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Energy Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Huadian New Energy Development Co Ltd Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100044 Sector: Renewable Energy...

  5. China-GTZ Energy Programs | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Programs Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China-GTZ Energy Programs Name China-GTZ Energy Programs AgencyCompany Organization GTZ Sector Energy Focus Area Energy...

  6. China Hyper Battery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Battery Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Hyper Battery Co Ltd Place: Shenzhen, China Zip: 518048 Product: Manufacturer and exporter of batteries and battery packs....

  7. US-China Partnership for Climate Action | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    US-China Partnership for Climate Action Jump to: navigation, search Name US-China Partnership for Climate Action AgencyCompany Organization Institute for Sustainable Communities...

  8. China Electronic Engineering Design Institute CEEDI | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Engineering Design Institute CEEDI Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Electronic Engineering Design Institute (CEEDI) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100840...

  9. China South Industries Group Corp CSG | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Industries Group Corp CSG Jump to: navigation, search Name: China South Industries Group Corp (CSG) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100821 Product: Beijing-based...

  10. Beijing China Sciences General Energy Environment GEE | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sciences General Energy Environment GEE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Beijing China Sciences General Energy&Environment (GEE) Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100080...

  11. China National BlueStar Group Corporation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    BlueStar Group Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National BlueStar Group Corporation Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100029 Product: State-owned...

  12. China-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name China-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services AgencyCompany...

  13. China National Renewable Energy Centre | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Centre Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China National Renewable Energy Centre Name: China National Renewable Energy Centre Abbreviation: CNREC Address: Guohong Mansion, Mu...

  14. 48th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    8th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: 48th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation...

  15. China SC Exact Equipment Co LTD | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    SC Exact Equipment Co LTD Jump to: navigation, search Name: China SC Exact Equipment Co., LTD Place: Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip: 518125 Sector: Solar Product:...

  16. China New Energy Chamber of Commerce CNECC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Chamber of Commerce CNECC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China New Energy Chamber of Commerce (CNECC) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100052 Product: A Chinese...

  17. China Three Gorges Project Corporation CTGPC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Three Gorges Project Corporation CTGPC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Three Gorges Project Corporation (CTGPC) Place: Yichang, Hubei Province, China Zip: 443002 Sector:...

  18. China Wind Systems formerly Green Power Malex | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    formerly Green Power Malex Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Wind Systems (formerly Green PowerMalex) Place: Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  19. China and India PV Reliability-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    PV Reliability-NREL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China and India PV Reliability under the Asia Pacific Partnership Name China and India PV Reliability under the...

  20. China Power International New Energy Holding Ltd | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    New Energy Holding Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Power International New Energy Holding Ltd Place: Shanghai Municipality, China Zip: 200052 Sector: Biomass, Hydro,...

  1. China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group CLEEVIG...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group CLEEVIG Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG) Place: Beijing, China...

  2. China United Cleaning Technology Co Ltd Beijing | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Technology Co Ltd, Beijing Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100012 Product: A Chinese PV cell equipment provider References: China United Cleaning Technology Co Ltd,...

  3. Renewable energy development in China: Resource assessment, technology status, and greenhouse gas mitigation potential

    SciTech Connect

    Wan, Y.; Renne, O.D.; Junfeng, Li

    1996-12-31

    China, which has pursued aggressive policies to encourage economic development, could experience the world`s fastest growth in energy consumption over the next two decades. China has become the third largest energy user in the world since 1990 when primary energy consumption reached 960 million tons of coal equivalent (tce). Energy use is increasing at an annual rate of 6-7% despite severe infrastructure and capital constraints on energy sector development. Energy consumption in China is heavily dominated by coal, and fossil fuels provide up to 95% of all commercial energy use. Coal currently accounts for 77% of total primary energy use; oil, 16%; hydropower, 5%; and natural gas, 2%. Coal is expected to continue providing close to three-quarters of all energy consumed, and the amount of coal used is expected to triple by year 2020. Currently, renewable energy resources (except for hydropower) account for only a fraction of total energy consumption. However, the estimated growth in greenhouse gas emissions, as well as serious local and regional environmental pollution problems caused by combustion of fossil fuels, provides strong arguments for the development of renewable energy resources. Renewable energy potential in China is significantly greater than that indicated by the current level of use. With a clear policy goal and consistent efforts from the Government of China, renewables can play a far larger role in its future energy supply.

  4. Regions for Select Spot Prices

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    are used to represent the following regions: Region Gas Point Used Power Point Used New England Algonquin Citygate Massachusetts Hub (ISONE) New York City Transco Zone 6-NY...

  5. Introduction: Regional Dialogue Contract Templates

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Introduction: Regional Dialogue Contract Templates October 17, 2007 1. Summary * BPA invites comments on the first draft of the Regional Dialogue Master Template by Friday,...

  6. Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer LANL maintains an ... August 1, 2013 Conceptual model of water movement and geology at Los Alamos National ...

  7. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of Chinas total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on Chinas success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  8. Regional Shelter Analysis Methodology

    SciTech Connect

    Dillon, Michael B.; Dennison, Deborah; Kane, Jave; Walker, Hoyt; Miller, Paul

    2015-08-01

    The fallout from a nuclear explosion has the potential to injure or kill 100,000 or more people through exposure to external gamma (fallout) radiation. Existing buildings can reduce radiation exposure by placing material between fallout particles and exposed people. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was tasked with developing an operationally feasible methodology that could improve fallout casualty estimates. The methodology, called a Regional Shelter Analysis, combines the fallout protection that existing buildings provide civilian populations with the distribution of people in various locations. The Regional Shelter Analysis method allows the consideration of (a) multiple building types and locations within buildings, (b) country specific estimates, (c) population posture (e.g., unwarned vs. minimally warned), and (d) the time of day (e.g., night vs. day). The protection estimates can be combined with fallout predictions (or measurements) to (a) provide a more accurate assessment of exposure and injury and (b) evaluate the effectiveness of various casualty mitigation strategies. This report describes the Regional Shelter Analysis methodology, highlights key operational aspects (including demonstrating that the methodology is compatible with current tools), illustrates how to implement the methodology, and provides suggestions for future work.

  9. STAR: The Secure Transportable Autonomous Reactor System - Encapsulated Fission Heat Source

    SciTech Connect

    Ehud Greenspan

    2003-10-31

    OAK-B135 The Encapsulated Nuclear Heat Source (ENHS) is a novel 125 MWth fast spectrum reactor concept that was selected by the 1999 DOE NERI program as a candidate ''Generation-IV'' reactor. It uses Pb-Bi or other liquid-metal coolant and is intended to be factory manufactured in large numbers to be economically competitive. It is anticipated to be most useful to developing countries. The US team studying the feasibility of the ENHS reactor concept consisted of the University of California, Berkeley, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Westinghouse. Collaborating with the US team were three Korean organizations: Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), Korean Advanced Institute for Science and Technology (KAIST) and the University of Seoul, as well as the Central Research Institute of the Electrical Power Industry (CRIEPI) of Japan. Unique features of the ENHS include at least 20 years of operation without refueling; no fuel handling in the host country; no pumps and valves; excess reactivity does not exceed 1$; fully passive removal of the decay heat; very small probability of core damaging accidents; autonomous operation and capability of load-following over a wide range; very long plant life. In addition it offers a close match between demand and supply, large tolerance to human errors, is likely to get public acceptance via demonstration of superb safety, lack of need for offsite response, and very good proliferation resistance. The ENHS reactor is designed to meet the requirements of Generation IV reactors including sustainable energy supply, low waste, high level of proliferation resistance, high level of safety and reliability, acceptable risk to capital and, hopefully, also competitive busbar cost of electricity.

  10. Autonomous UAV-Based Mapping of Large-Scale Urban Firefights

    SciTech Connect

    Snarski, S; Scheibner, K F; Shaw, S; Roberts, R S; LaRow, A; Oakley, D; Lupo, J; Neilsen, D; Judge, B; Forren, J

    2006-03-09

    This paper describes experimental results from a live-fire data collect designed to demonstrate the ability of IR and acoustic sensing systems to detect and map high-volume gunfire events from tactical UAVs. The data collect supports an exploratory study of the FightSight concept in which an autonomous UAV-based sensor exploitation and decision support capability is being proposed to provide dynamic situational awareness for large-scale battalion-level firefights in cluttered urban environments. FightSight integrates IR imagery, acoustic data, and 3D scene context data with prior time information in a multi-level, multi-step probabilistic-based fusion process to reliably locate and map the array of urban firing events and firepower movements and trends associated with the evolving urban battlefield situation. Described here are sensor results from live-fire experiments involving simultaneous firing of multiple sub/super-sonic weapons (2-AK47, 2-M16, 1 Beretta, 1 Mortar, 1 rocket) with high optical and acoustic clutter at ranges up to 400m. Sensor-shooter-target configurations and clutter were designed to simulate UAV sensing conditions for a high-intensity firefight in an urban environment. Sensor systems evaluated were an IR bullet tracking system by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and an acoustic gunshot detection system by Planning Systems, Inc. (PSI). The results demonstrate convincingly the ability for the LLNL and PSI sensor systems to accurately detect, separate, and localize multiple shooters and the associated shot directions during a high-intensity firefight (77 rounds in 5 sec) in a high acoustic and optical clutter environment with no false alarms. Preliminary fusion processing was also examined that demonstrated an ability to distinguish co-located shooters (shooter density), range to <0.5 m accuracy at 400m, and weapon type.

  11. Cell-autonomous progeroid changes in conditional mouse models for repair endonuclease XPG deficiency

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Barnhoorn, Sander; Uittenboogaard, Lieneke M.; Jaarsma, Dick; Vermeij, Wilbert P.; Tresini, Maria; Weymaere, Michael; Menoni, Hervé; Brandt, Renata M. C.; de Waard, Monique C.; Botter, Sander M.; et al

    2014-10-09

    As part of the Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER) process, the endonuclease XPG is involved in repair of helix-distorting DNA lesions, but the protein has also been implicated in several other DNA repair systems, complicating genotype-phenotype relationship in XPG patients. Defects in XPG can cause either the cancer-prone condition xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) alone, or XP combined with the severe neurodevelopmental disorder Cockayne Syndrome (CS), or the infantile lethal cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal (COFS) syndrome, characterized by dramatic growth failure, progressive neurodevelopmental abnormalities and greatly reduced life expectancy. Here, we present a novel (conditional) Xpg-/- mouse model which—in a C57BL6/FVB F1 hybrid genetic background—displays manymore » progeroid features, including cessation of growth, loss of subcutaneous fat, kyphosis, osteoporosis, retinal photoreceptor loss, liver aging, extensive neurodegeneration, and a short lifespan of 4–5 months. We show that deletion of XPG specifically in the liver reproduces the progeroid features in the liver, yet abolishes the effect on growth or lifespan. In addition, specific XPG deletion in neurons and glia of the forebrain creates a progressive neurodegenerative phenotype that shows many characteristics of human XPG deficiency. Our findings therefore exclude that both the liver as well as the neurological phenotype are a secondary consequence of derailment in other cell types, organs or tissues (e.g. vascular abnormalities) and support a cell-autonomous origin caused by the DNA repair defect itself. In addition they allow the dissection of the complex aging process in tissue- and cell-type-specific components. Moreover, our data highlight the critical importance of genetic background in mouse aging studies, establish the Xpg-/- mouse as a valid model for the severe form of human XPG patients and segmental accelerated aging, and strengthen the link between DNA damage and aging.« less

  12. Response Relationship Between Juvenile Salmon and an Autonomous Sensor in Turbulent Flows

    SciTech Connect

    Richmond, Marshall C.; Deng, Zhiqun; McKinstry, Craig A.; Mueller, Robert P.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Dauble, Dennis D.

    2009-01-27

    Juvenile fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawythscha) and an autonomous sensor device (Sensor Fish) were exposed to turbulent shear flows in order to determine how hydraulic conditions effected fish injury response. Studies were designed to establish correlation metrics between Sensor Fish device measurements and live fish injuries by conducting concurrent releases in a range of turbulent shear flows. Comparisons were made for two exposure scenarios. In the fast-fish-to-slow-water scenario, test fish were carried by the fast-moving water of a submerged turbulent jet and exposed into the standing water of a flume. In the slow-fish-to-fast-water scenario, test fish were introduced into a turbulent jet from standing water through an introduction tube placed just outside the edge of the jet. Motion-tracking analysis was performed on high-speed, high-resolution digital videos of all the releases at water jet velocities ranging from 3 to 22.9 m · s-1. Velocities of the Sensor Fish were very similar to those of live fish, but maximum accelerations of live fish were larger than those by Sensor Fish for all the nozzle velocities of both cenarios. A 10% probability of major injury threshold was found to occur at sensor fish accelerations of 513 and 260 (m · s-2) for the fast-fish-to-slow-water and slow-fish-to-fast-water scenarios, respectively. The findings provide a linkage between laboratory experiments of fish injury, field survival studies, and numerical modeling.

  13. Cell-autonomous progeroid changes in conditional mouse models for repair endonuclease XPG deficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Barnhoorn, Sander; Uittenboogaard, Lieneke M.; Jaarsma, Dick; Vermeij, Wilbert P.; Tresini, Maria; Weymaere, Michael; Menoni, Hervé; Brandt, Renata M. C.; de Waard, Monique C.; Botter, Sander M.; Sarker, Altaf H.; Jaspers, Nicolaas G. J.; van der Horst, Gijsbertus T. J.; Cooper, Priscilla K.; Hoeijmakers, Jan H. J.; van der Pluijm, Ingrid; Niedernhofer, Laura J.

    2014-10-09

    As part of the Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER) process, the endonuclease XPG is involved in repair of helix-distorting DNA lesions, but the protein has also been implicated in several other DNA repair systems, complicating genotype-phenotype relationship in XPG patients. Defects in XPG can cause either the cancer-prone condition xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) alone, or XP combined with the severe neurodevelopmental disorder Cockayne Syndrome (CS), or the infantile lethal cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal (COFS) syndrome, characterized by dramatic growth failure, progressive neurodevelopmental abnormalities and greatly reduced life expectancy. Here, we present a novel (conditional) Xpg-/- mouse model which—in a C57BL6/FVB F1 hybrid genetic background—displays many progeroid features, including cessation of growth, loss of subcutaneous fat, kyphosis, osteoporosis, retinal photoreceptor loss, liver aging, extensive neurodegeneration, and a short lifespan of 4–5 months. We show that deletion of XPG specifically in the liver reproduces the progeroid features in the liver, yet abolishes the effect on growth or lifespan. In addition, specific XPG deletion in neurons and glia of the forebrain creates a progressive neurodegenerative phenotype that shows many characteristics of human XPG deficiency. Our findings therefore exclude that both the liver as well as the neurological phenotype are a secondary consequence of derailment in other cell types, organs or tissues (e.g. vascular abnormalities) and support a cell-autonomous origin caused by the DNA repair defect itself. In addition they allow the dissection of the complex aging process in tissue- and cell-type-specific components. Moreover, our data highlight the critical importance of genetic background in mouse aging studies, establish the Xpg-/- mouse as a valid model for the severe form of human XPG patients and segmental accelerated aging, and strengthen the link between DNA damage and aging.

  14. CHINA SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE DESIGN.

    SciTech Connect

    WEI,J.

    2007-01-29

    The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is an accelerator-based high-power project currently in preparation under the direction of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The complex is based on an H- linear accelerator, a rapid cycling proton synchrotron accelerating the beam to 1.6 GeV, a solid tungsten target station, and five initial instruments for spallation neutron applications. The facility will operate at 25 Hz repetition rate with a phase-I beam power of about 120 kW. The major challenge is to build a robust and reliable user's facility with upgrade potential at a fractional of ''world standard'' cost.

  15. Sustainable energy system establishment in China

    SciTech Connect

    Bin Zhu

    1997-12-31

    The current structure of Chinas energy is an unsustainable system mainly dependent on coal consumption. In 1994, China coal consumed 920.55 Mtce, 75% of the total energy consumption. At present, China is the biggest coal consumption country with its CO{sub 2} emission in the first place of the world. New national system of sustainable energy designed for China is based on the following premises: (1) To provide sufficient energy to the economy growth of China; (2) To provide adequate energy supply to improvement of the residents` livelihood; (3) To get rid of the negative effect on the eco-environment produced by the new system; (4) To keep a developmental pace compatible with that of the global mainstream of the sustainable development in the world.

  16. Assessing the Drivers of Regional Trends in Solar Photovoltaic Manufacturing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Using a bottom-up model for wafer-based silicon PV, we examine both historical and future factory-location decisions from the perspective of a multinational corporation. Our model calculates the cost of PV manufacturing with process step resolution, while considering the impact of corporate financing and operations with a calculation of the minimum selling price that provides an adequate rate of return. We quantify the conditions of China's historical PV price advantage, examine if these conditions can be reproduced elsewhere, and evaluate the role of innovative technology in altering regional competitive advantage.

  17. China Melamine Formaldehyde Share | OpenEI Community

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Melamine Formaldehyde Share Home There are currently no posts in this category. Syndicate content...

  18. US-China_Fact_Sheet_Coal.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Coal.pdf US-China_Fact_Sheet_Coal.pdf (77.08 KB) More Documents & Publications FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements US-China Clean Energy Cooperation Progress Report on U.S.-China Energy Cooperation

  19. Colorado Regional Faults

    SciTech Connect

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Originator: Colorado Geological Survey (CGS) Publication Date: 2012 Title: Regional Faults Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science, University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains the regional faults of Colorado Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4543192.100000 m Left: 144385.020000 m Right: 754585.020000 m Bottom: 4094592.100000 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS ’984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  20. China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years | GE Global Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years of Innovation "In China for China" Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) GE's China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years of Innovation "In China for China" Unveils Visionary Technology Blueprint called "The Next List" Shanghai, China, 5

  1. Radical advancement in multi-spectral imaging for autonomous vehicles (UAVs, UGVs, and UUVs) using active compensation.

    SciTech Connect

    Clark, Brian F.; Bagwell, Brett E.; Wick, David Victor

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this LDRD was to demonstrate a compact, multi-spectral, refractive imaging systems using active optical compensation. Compared to a comparable, conventional lens system, our system has an increased operational bandwidth, provides for spectral selectivity and, non-mechanically corrects aberrations induced by the wavelength dependent properties of a passive refractive optical element (i.e. lens). The compact nature and low power requirements of the system lends itself to small platforms such as autonomous vehicles. In addition, the broad spectral bandwidth of our system would allow optimized performance for both day/night use, and the multi-spectral capability allows for spectral discrimination and signature identification.

  2. Evaluation of Sichuan Basin in China

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, J.G.

    1996-06-01

    Sichuan basin lies in the central-south China, in a compression tectonic regime, with an area of approximately 180,000 km{sup 2}. It is a prolific basin with a upside resource potential of gas 5045.38 billion m{sup 3}, and oil 3.56 billion tons. By year-end 1993, the possible geological reserve of gas was 676.136 billion m{sup 3}, and oil 0.14 billion tons; totally about 140 billion m{sup 3} of gas and about 3.5 million tons of oil have been produced to date; thus, there will be 4,229 billion m{sup 3} gas yet to find. During about 40 years` exploration (1950 to 1990), 81 gas/oil fields, including 245 gas pools and 15 oil pools, had been discovered through 2357 wells (total footage 5,804,094 m). 257 surface structures and 189 buried structures (by 91,136 km seismic) had been found in the basin, of which 172 structures had been drilled. The basin contains 21 gas/oil reservoirs of commercial value, distributed from Sinian to Jurassic, in the depths ranging from 7,157 m (well-Guanji) to hundreds of meters. It is evident that the gas and water distribution is not controlled by regional structures or local anticlinal structure but depends on the local development of permeability and fracture porosity in reservoir objectives. Each local occurrence of permeability and porosity functions as a trap for both gas and water, and new gas reservoirs are continuously being found on anticlinal gas fields that have been on production for years.

  3. DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation September 14, 2006 - 1:10pm Addthis BEIJING, CHINA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs Karen A. Harbert and Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Jeffrey Jarrett are in China this week to discuss energy cooperation between the United States and China. In Hangzhou, Assistant Secretary Harbert

  4. Gansu China Power Jiuquan Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    China Power Jiuquan Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gansu China Power Jiuquan Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Gansu Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  5. Coal-Producing Region

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    . Coal Production by State (thousand short tons) Year to Date Coal-Producing Region and State April - June 2016 January - March 2016 April - June 2015 2016 2015 Percent Change Alabama 2,223 2,446 3,504 4,669 7,561 -38.2 Alaska 228 310 345 538 610 -11.9 Arizona 1,235 1,335 1,912 2,569 3,667 -29.9 Arkansas 15 11 27 27 48 -44.9 Colorado 3,081 2,482 5,078 5,564 10,341 -46.2 Illinois 11,125 11,312 13,391 22,437 30,221 -25.8 Indiana 6,963 7,224 8,577 14,187 18,040 -21.4 Kansas - 27 49 27 102 -73.9

  6. Strengthening regional safeguards

    SciTech Connect

    Palhares, L.; Almeida, G.; Mafra, O.

    1996-08-01

    Nuclear cooperation between Argentina and Brazil has been growing since the early 1980`s and as it grew, so did cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE). The Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) was formed in December 1991 to operate the Common System of Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (SCCC). In April 1994, ABACC and the DOE signed an Agreement of Cooperation in nuclear material safeguards. This cooperation has included training safeguards inspectors, exchanging nuclear material measurement and containment and surveillance technology, characterizing reference materials, and studying enrichment plant safeguards. The goal of the collaboration is to exchange technology, evaluate new technology in Latin American nuclear facilities, and strengthen regional safeguards. This paper describes the history of the cooperation, its recent activities, and future projects. The cooperation is strongly supported by all three governments: the Republics of Argentina and Brazil and the United States.

  7. Mr. W. Librirzi Regional Superfund Office EPA Region II

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    W. Librirzi Regional Superfund Office EPA Region II 4th Floor 26 Federal Plaza New York, ... Steel Corporation H. Snyder, EPA HQS T. DeBore, NYS Energy Office Y. Ogden, Commerce Dept. ...

  8. Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation

    SciTech Connect

    Spector, L.S.

    1992-03-12

    The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

  9. U.S.-China vehicle annex

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The United States and China conduct information exchanges, joint studies, technology demonstrations, and training sessions with national laboratories, automotive industry partners, and other private industries involved in energy efficient transportation.

  10. Solar Power In China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Solar Power In China Jump to: navigation, search This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Working on ask query to display all Chinese solar companies TODO:...

  11. East Asian Studies of Tropospheric Aerosols and their Impact on Regional Climate (EAST-AIRC): An Overview

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Zhanqing; Li, C.; Chen, H.; Tsay, S. C.; Holben, B. N.; Huang, J.; Li, B.; Maring, H.; Qian, Yun; Shi, Guangyu; Xia, X.; Yin, Y.; Zheng, Y.; Zhuang, G.

    2011-02-01

    As the most populated region of the world, Asia is a major source of aerosols with potential large impact over vast downstream areas. Papers published in this special section describe the variety of aerosols observed in China and their effects and interactions with the regional climate as part of the East Asian Study of Tropospheric Aerosols and Impact on Regional Climate (EAST-AIRC). The majority of the papers are based on analyses of observations made under three field projects, namely, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) Mobile Facility mission in China (AMF10 China), the East Asian Study of Tropospheric Aerosols: an International Regional Experiment (EAST-AIRE), and the Atmospheric Aerosols of China and their Climate Effects (AACCE). The former two are US-China collaborative projects and the latter is a part of the China’s National Basic Research program (or often referred to as “973 project”). Routine meteorological data of China are also employed in some studies. The wealth of general and specialized measurements lead to extensive and close-up investigations of the optical, physical and chemical properties of anthropogenic, natural, and mixed aerosols; their sources, formation and transport mechanisms; horizontal, vertical and temporal variations; direct and indirect effects and interactions with the East Asian monsoon system. Particular efforts are made to advance our understanding of the mixing and interaction between dust and anthropogenic pollutants during transport. Several modeling studies were carried out to simulate aerosol impact on radiation budget, temperature, precipitation, wind and atmospheric circulation, fog, etc. In addition, impacts of the Asian monsoon system on aerosol loading are also simulated.

  12. Assessment of transboundary environmental effects in the Pearl River Delta Region: Is there a role for strategic environmental assessment?

    SciTech Connect

    Marsden, Simon

    2011-11-15

    China's EIA Law does not require transboundary proposals to be assessed, despite recognition of this globally, for example in the Espoo Convention and Kiev Protocol, and in the European EIA and SEA Directives. In a transboundary context assessment within a state is unusual, as regulating these effects is primarily about the relationship between states. However where a state has more than one legal system such as in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Region of southern China, transboundary effects should also be addressed. Yet despite the geographical connections between Guangdong Province in mainland China (where the EIA Law applies) and the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions (which have their own provisions, neither of which requires transboundary assessments), EIA and SEA are carried out separately. Coordinated or joint approaches to transboundary assessment are generally absent, with the legal autonomy of Hong Kong and Macau a major constraint. As a result institutional responses at the policy level have developed. The article considers global experiences with regulating transboundary EIA and SEA, and analyses potential application to land use, transport and air and water planning in the PRD Region. If applied, benefits may include prevention or mitigation of cumulative effects, broader public participation, and improvements to environmental governance. The PRD Region experience may encourage China to conduct and coordinate EIA and SEA processes with neighbouring states, which has been non-existent or extremely limited to date.

  13. Strategies for development and CO2 abatement in China`s power industry

    SciTech Connect

    Ying, R.

    1996-12-31

    Chinese Government has set a series sustainable energy development policies and strategies to alleviate atmospheric pollution and to mitigate the CO2 emission. Some major policies and measures that will be emphasized in China`s power industrial development will be addressed in this paper.

  14. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    SciTech Connect

    Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina; Qin, Yining

    2011-03-31

    Although China became the world's largest emitter of energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in 2007, China does not publish annual estimates of CO{sub 2} emissions and most published estimates of China's emissions have been done by other international organizations. Undertaken at the request of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy, this study examines the feasibility of applying the EIA emissions inventory methodology to estimate China's emissions from published Chinese data. Besides serving as a proof of concept, this study also helps develop a consistent and transparent method for estimating China's CO{sub 2} emissions using an Excel model and identified China-specific data issues and areas for improvement. This study takes a core set of data from the energy balances published in the China Energy Statistical Yearbook 2009 and China Petrochemical Corporation Yearbook 2009 and applies the EIA's eight-step methodology to estimate China's 2008 CO{sub 2} emissions. First, China's primary and secondary fuel types and consumption by end use are determined with slight discrepancies identified between the two data sources and inconsistencies in product categorization with the EIA. Second, energy consumption data are adjusted to eliminate double counting in the four potential areas identified by EIA; consumption data from China's Special Administrative Regions are not included. Physical fuel units are then converted to energy equivalents using China's standard energy measure of coal equivalent (1 kilogram = 29.27 MJ) and IPCC carbon emissions coefficients are used to calculate each fuel's carbon content. Next, carbon sequestration is estimated following EIA conventions for other petroleum products and non-energy use of secondary fuels. Emissions from international bunker fuels are also subtracted under the 'reference' calculation of estimating apparent energy consumption by fuel type and the 'sectoral' calculation of summing emissions

  15. Emission measure distribution for diffuse regions in solar active regions

    SciTech Connect

    Subramanian, Srividya; Tripathi, Durgesh; Klimchuk, James A.; Mason, Helen E.

    2014-11-01

    Our knowledge of the diffuse emission that encompasses active regions is very limited. In this paper we investigate two off-limb active regions, namely, AR 10939 and AR 10961, to probe the underlying heating mechanisms. For this purpose, we have used spectral observations from Hinode/EIS and employed the emission measure (EM) technique to obtain the thermal structure of these diffuse regions. Our results show that the characteristic EM distributions of the diffuse emission regions peak at log T = 6.25 and the coolward slopes are in the range 1.4-3.3. This suggests that both low- as well as high-frequency nanoflare heating events are at work. Our results provide additional constraints on the properties of these diffuse emission regions and their contribution to the background/foreground when active region cores are observed on-disk.

  16. CMC Participation in the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) Workshop: Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia

    SciTech Connect

    Biringer, K.L.; Olsen, J.

    1998-11-01

    As an ongoing part of the collaborative efforts between the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories, the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), staff from the CMC served as faculty in conducting a workshop in Shanghai, China. Sponsor of the workshop was the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The workshop included participants from throughout South Asia and China. The CMC presented four sessions related to the role of monitoring technologies in promoting regional security and building confidence among nations. Participation in these workshops supports U.S. efforts to further regional cooperation and promote arms control, nonproliferation and other cooperative securily measures and supplements efforts funded by DOE and ACDA over the past four years. The RCSS Shanghai meeting permitted a continued CMC involvement in regionally conducted training for anew generation of leaders in government, the military, and academia throughout South Asia and China. Nuclear issues are clearly a dominant South Asian concern since the nuclear tests of May 1998. However, there remains a strong interest in identifying opportunities for increased trade and reduced tensions in other areas. The RCSS and other regional organizations are enthusiastic about continued CMC involvement in future regional courses.

  17. DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release (34.5 KB) More Documents & Publications DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer DOE-LPO_Email-Update_001_Through_11

  18. Regional Modeling of Dust Mass Balance and Radiative Forcing over East Asia using WRF-Chem

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Siyu; Zhao, Chun; Qian, Yun; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Huang, J.; Huang, Zhongwei; Bi, Jianrong; Zhang, Wu; Shi, Jinsen; Yang, Lei; Li, Deshuai; Li, Jinxin

    2014-12-01

    The Weather Research and Forecasting model with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) is used to investigate the seasonal and annual variations of mineral dust over East Asia during 2007-2011, with a focus on the dust mass balance and radiative forcing. A variety of measurements from in-stu and satellite observations have been used to evaluate simulation results. Generally, WRF-Chem reproduces not only the column variability but also the vertical profile and size distribution of mineral dust over and near the dust source regions of East Asia. We investigate the dust lifecycle and the factors that control the seasonal and spatial variations of dust mass balance and radiative forcing over the seven sub-regions of East Asia, i.e. source regions, the Tibetan Plateau, Northern China, Southern China, the ocean outflow region, and Korea-Japan regions. Results show that, over the source regions, transport and dry deposition are the two dominant sinks. Transport contributes to ~30% of the dust sink over the source regions. Dust results in a surface cooling of up to -14 and -10 W m-2, atmospheric warming of up to 20 and 15 W m-2, and TOA cooling of -5 and -8 W m-2 over the two major dust source regions of East Asia, respectively. Over the Tibetan Plateau, transport is the dominant source with a peak in summer. Over identified outflow regions, maximum dust mass loading in spring is contributed by the transport. Dry and wet depositions are the comparably dominant sinks, but wet deposition is larger than dry deposition over the Korea-Japan region, particularly in spring (70% versus 30%). The WRF-Chem simulations can generally capture the measured features of dust aerosols and its radaitve properties and dust mass balance over East Asia, which provides confidence for use in further investigation of dust impact on climate over East Asia.

  19. India's Energy [In]Security and Growing Competition from China...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    India's Energy InSecurity and Growing Competition from China Citation Details In-Document Search Title: India's Energy InSecurity and Growing Competition from China You are ...

  20. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Shouxian, China...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    in China In a complex ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) deployment, monitoring data was collected ... Measurements obtained at all the AMF sites during the 8-month deployment in China will ...

  1. China National Nuclear Corp CNNC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nuclear Corp CNNC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National Nuclear Corp (CNNC) Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100822 Product: The goal of CNNC is to achieve self-reliance in...

  2. Category:Solar Power in China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. A All Solar PV C China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company China Guodian Corporation Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  3. Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to China (Million...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    China (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to China (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,354 2,848 - No ...

  4. Argonne, NNSA collaborate with China to convert micro-reactor...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne, NNSA collaborate with China to convert micro-reactor By Greg Cunningham * April ... The Chinese MNSR reactor is a type of small reactor used in six countries - China, Ghana, ...

  5. GE Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China | GE Global...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China Click to email this to a friend (Opens in ... GE Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China Technology aims to boost development ...

  6. D1 Oils China Ltd | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: D1 Oils China Ltd Place: Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China Product: Chengdu-based joint venture between D1 Oils and Sichuan Yangtze River...

  7. Xi'an, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Xi'an, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Xi'an, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1790630 Coordinates 34.258333, 108.928611 Show Map Loading...

  8. Readout on Secretary Chu's China Meetings on Clean Energy | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis BEIJING, CHINA - Secretary Chu is meeting with a series of Chinese officials during this week's trip to China. We will be providing readouts on these...

  9. " Electricity Generation by Census Region...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    A6. Total Inputs of Selected Byproduct Energy for Heat, Power, and" " Electricity Generation by Census Region, Census Division, Industry Group, and" " Selected Industries, 1994" " ...

  10. Regional Networks for Energy Efficiency

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call: Regional Networks for Energy Efficiency, call slides and discussion summary, December 6, 2012.

  11. Detection of Local/Regional Events in Kuwait Using Next-Generation Detection Algorithms

    SciTech Connect

    Gok, M. Rengin; Al-Jerri, Farra; Dodge, Douglas; Al-Enezi, Abdullah; Hauk, Terri; Mellors, R.

    2014-12-10

    Seismic networks around the world use conventional triggering algorithms to detect seismic signals in order to locate local/regional seismic events. Kuwait National Seismological Network (KNSN) of Kuwait Institute of Scientific Research (KISR) is operating seven broad-band and short-period three-component stations in Kuwait. The network is equipped with Nanometrics digitizers and uses Antelope and Guralp acquisition software for processing and archiving the data. In this study, we selected 10 days of archived hourly-segmented continuous data of five stations (Figure 1) and 250 days of continuous recording at MIB. For the temporary deployment our selection criteria was based on KNSN catalog intensity for the period of time we test the method. An autonomous event detection and clustering framework is employed to test a more complete catalog of this short period of time. The goal is to illustrate the effectiveness of the technique and pursue the framework for longer period of time.

  12. US, Russia Partner to Complete Krasnoyarsk Regional Training...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Established by Congress in 2000, NNSA is a semi-autonomous agency within the U.S. Department of Energy responsible for enhancing national security through the military application ...

  13. A Sensitivity Study on Modeling Black Carbon in Snow and its Radiative Forcing over the Arctic and Northern China

    SciTech Connect

    Qian, Yun; Wang, Hailong; Zhang, Rudong; Flanner, M. G.; Rasch, Philip J.

    2014-06-02

    Black carbon in snow (BCS) simulated in the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5) is evaluated against measurements over Northern China and the Arctic, and its sensitivity to atmospheric deposition and two parameters that affect post-depositional enrichment is explored. The BCS concentration is overestimated (underestimated) by a factor of two in Northern China (Arctic) in the default model, but agreement with observations is good over both regions in the simulation with improvements in BC transport and deposition. Sensitivity studies indicate that uncertainty in the melt-water scavenging efficiency (MSE) parameter substantially affects BCS and its radiative forcing (by a factor of 2-7) in the Arctic through post-depositional enrichment. The MSE parameter has a relatively small effect on the magnitude of BCS seasonal cycle but can alter its phase in Northern China. The impact of the snow aging scaling factor (SAF) on BCS, partly through the post-depositional enrichment effect, shows more complex latitudinal and seasonal dependence. Similar to MSE, SAF affects more significantly the magnitude (phase) of BCS season cycle over the Arctic (Northern China). While uncertainty associated with the representation of BC transport and deposition processes in CAM5 is more important than that associated with the two snow model parameters in Northern China, the two uncertainties have comparable effect in the Arctic.

  14. NREL Signs Agreement With China's National Utility - News Releases | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Signs Agreement With China's National Utility Scope of MOU Covers Coordination on Research Projects September 11, 2015 Representatives of the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and China's State Grid Energy Research Institute today signed a first-ever memorandum of understanding between the two organizations. The State Grid Energy Research Institute (SGERI), located in Beijing, is a subsidiary of China's national utility, State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC).

  15. Clean coal. U.S.-China cooperation in energy security

    SciTech Connect

    Wendt, D.

    2008-05-15

    This work discusses how coal fits into the strategies of the USA and China to attain energy security while avoiding adverse environmental impacts. It begins by describing China's policy choices for clean coal, before discussing the implications of a clean coal strategy for China. The U.S. choices in a coal-based strategy of energy security is then covered. Finally, a joint US-China clean coal strategy, including the technology sharing option, is discussed.

  16. Working with China to Advance Energy Efficiency Around the Globe |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Working with China to Advance Energy Efficiency Around the Globe Working with China to Advance Energy Efficiency Around the Globe November 8, 2016 - 1:25pm Addthis David Friedman (left), acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, speaks with Zhang Yong, Vice Chairman of China's National Development and Reform Commission, during the U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum in Beijing. David Friedman (left), acting Assistant Secretary for Energy

  17. Progress and Effect of Energy-Saving Standards in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the development of energy-saving standards in China, results of standards, and work highlights.

  18. Building Clean Energy Partnerships With China and Japan | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Clean Energy Partnerships With China and Japan Building Clean Energy Partnerships With China and Japan November 15, 2010 - 12:54pm Addthis Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy This week (November 14th-19th), I will be traveling to China and Japan to meet with government officials, business leaders and others to discuss the opportunities for partnership in clean energy - partnerships that are important to America's economic competitiveness. China and Japan have made

  19. Bejing Shanghai Xianghe Taihu Shouxian CHINA Lanzhou Zhangye

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    DESERT * LOW HILLS * PLATEAU *MTNS Bejing Shanghai Xianghe Taihu Shouxian CHINA Lanzhou Zhangye Primary Site Supplemental Site Ancillary Sites

  20. U.S. - China Energy Cooperation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    - China Energy Cooperation U.S. - China Energy Cooperation May 22, 2007 - 1:24pm Addthis We are committed to a number of bilateral efforts in which our nations are already engaged, including: The U.S.-China Energy Policy Dialogue (EPD) - United States-China Energy Policy Dialogue was established between DOE and the National Development and Reform Commission in May 2004, to facilitate policy-level bilateral exchanges of views on energy security, economic issues as well as energy technology

  1. China shows increasing interest in heavy oil and oil sands

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-12-01

    China and Canadian and US groups are cooperating in several areas to develop the heavy oil, asphalt, and oil sand deposits of China. The agreements dealing with exploration and upgrading are briefly described. The majority of the paper describes the occurrences of heavy oil, asphalt, and oil sands in China. 1 figure.

  2. Satellite observations of the recent power plant construction in Inner Mongolia, China.

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Q.; Streets, D. G.; He, K.

    2009-08-05

    About 50% of the increase in China's NO{sub x} emissions since 2000 can be attributed to the construction of new power plants. We show that the newly added NO{sub x} emissions from new power plants in Inner Mongolia, China, were detected by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) aboard NASA's Aura satellite. Increase rates of NO{sub 2} columns from OMI and NO{sub x} emissions from inventories are even in quantitative agreement in cases where new facilities are added to already-developed regions. This study confirms that the OMI products are quite capable of identifying the construction of large new emitting facilities through detection of their NO{sub x} emissions.

  3. Precambrian oil and gas in China

    SciTech Connect

    Sisheng Hao; Guangdi Liu

    1989-03-01

    Abundant Precambrian oil and gas occurring mainly in two large basins, Sichuan basin in southwestern China and Bohai Bay basin in northern China, account for a considerable portion of the reserves and production in China. The Precambrian producing formations are all carbonates. Weiyuan gas field in Sichuan basin is one of the large gas fields in China. Its gas is produced primarily from the dolomite of the Dengying Formation (Sinian System) and was generated chiefly in the algal dolomite of the same system. However, a deeper origin for the gas cannot be ruled out. Renqiu oil field in Bohai Bay basin, a buried-hill oil field, is also one of the largest oil fields in China. The oil is produced primarily from the dolomite of the Wumishan Formation of the middle-upper Proterozoic and was generated chiefly in the Oligocene Shahejie Formation. It is also possible that the oil was partly sourced by middle-upper Proterozoic rocks. In addition, many oil and gas shows have been found in the middle-upper Proterozoic of the Yanshan fold-belt at the northern margin of the Bohai Bay basin. According to an organic geochemical study, the middle-upper Proterozoic in the area has a good potential for hydrocarbon generation, and formation conditions for indigenous hydrocarbon accumulation should exist in the Bohai Bay basin and nearby Yanshan foldbelt. From the analyses of hydrocarbon generation, reservoir, cap rock, trapping, and preservation, the presentation systematically describes the petroleum geological features and hydrocarbon prospects of the Precambrian in China.

  4. China energy databook. Revision 2, 1992 edition

    SciTech Connect

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Liu, Feng; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1993-06-01

    The Energy Analysis Program at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues, we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US. In order to select appropriate data from what was available we established several criteria. Our primary interest was to use the data to help understand the historical evolution and likely future of the Chinese energy system. A primary criterion was thus that the data relate to the structure of energy supply and demand in the past and indicate probable developments (e.g., as indicated by patterns of investment). Other standards were accuracy, consistency with other information, and completeness of coverage. This is not to say that all the data presented herein are accurate, consistent, and complete, but where discrepancies and omissions do occur we have tried to note them.

  5. USDA Regional Conservation Partnership Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is accepting applications for the Regional Conservation Partnership Program to identify and address natural resource objectives in balance with operational goals in order to benefit soil, water, wildlife, and related natural resources locally, regionally, and nationally.

  6. EWONAP Training and Regional Meeting

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Native Learning Center is pleased to announce the 2016 Eastern Woodlands ONAP Training and Regional Meeting taking place in our newly renovated training facility in Hollywood, FL. This three-day interactive training is designed to address Tribal Housing needs identified throughout the Eastern Woodlands region.

  7. Methane recovery from landfill in China

    SciTech Connect

    Gaolai, L.

    1996-12-31

    GEF has approved a special project for a demonstration project for Methane Recovery from the Urban Refuse Land Fill. This paper will introduce the possibility of GHG reduction from the landfill in China, describe the activities of the GEF project, and the priorities for international cooperation in this field. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) approved the project, China Promoting Methane Recovery and Unlization from Mixed Municipal Refuse, at its Council meeting in last April. This project is the first one supported by international organization in this field.

  8. Regional Climate Change Webinar Presentation | Department of...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Regional Climate Change Webinar presentation dated August 6, 2015. Regional Climate Change Webinar Presentation (7.29 MB) More Documents & Publications Regional Climate Change ...

  9. Regional Climate Change Webinar Presentation | Department of...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Regional Climate Change Webinar presentation dated August 6, 2015. Regional Climate Change Webinar Presentation More Documents & Publications Regional Climate Change Webinar...

  10. Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Region (Finn & Morgan, 2002) Compound and Elemental Analysis At Yellowstone Region (Goff & Janik, 2002) Compound and Elemental Analysis At Yellowstone Region (Hurwitz, Et Al.,...

  11. U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    China Strategic Economic Dialogue | Department of Energy Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue December 12, 2007 - 4:44pm Addthis Marks Third U.S. -China Agreement to Advance Energy Security Reached This Year BEIJING, CHINA - The U.S. Departments of Energy (DOE) and Agriculture (USDA) and China's National Development and Reform

  12. Recent progress of spray drying in China

    SciTech Connect

    Jinxin, T.; Zonglian, W.; Lixin, H.

    1999-10-01

    The development of spray drying technique during past 10 years of China is reviewed. Main achievements in research, development and utilization of three types of atomization are described and summarized. General trend of spray drying research and development in 21st century is forecasted.

  13. Mitigation assessment results and priorities in China

    SciTech Connect

    Wu Zongxin; Wei Zhihong

    1996-12-31

    In this paper energy related CO2 emission projections of China by 2030 are given. CO2 mitigation potential and technology options in main fields of energy conservation and energy substitution are analyzed. CO2 reduction costs of main mitigation technologies are estimated and the AHP approach is used for helping assessment of priority technologies.

  14. Figure 1. Census Regions and Divisions

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    US Federal Regions> Region 1 Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Region 2 New Jersey, New York Region 3 ...

  15. More Regional Science Bowl Winners

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    By March 25, 2011, thousands of students will have competed in more than 100 regional science bowl contests throughout the country, and then the winning schools will compete in DC this spring for the national championship.

  16. Geothermal Regions | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    groundwater flow), and other relevant factors. The 21 regions can be seen outlined in red and overlain on the 2008 USGS Geothermal Favorability Map in Figure 1.1 Add a new...

  17. 2015 NHA Alaska Regional Meeting

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Register today and join industry professionals for interactive discussions covering a variety of regional topics and a tour of the Eklutna lake Project.

  18. RAFT Regional Algal Feedstock Testbed

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3B—Integration of Supply Chains III: Algal Biofuels Strategy RAFT Regional Algal Feedstock Testbed Kimberly Ogden, Professor, University of Arizona, Engineering Technical Lead, National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts

  19. Regional

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    3 AÇORIANO ORIENTAL SEGUNDA-FEIRA, 5 DE MARÇO DE 2012 PUB Da Graciosa para a Índia graças à estação atmosférica Carlos está atualmente a trabalhar na estação atmosférica móvel instalada na Índia, a dois mil metros de altitude Estar no lugar certo na hora cer- ta pode mudar radicalmente a vida de uma pessoa. Foi isso que aconteceu ao graciosense Carlos Sousa, de 41 anos, que começou por ser trabalhador daconstrução civil antes de emigrar para os Es- tados Unidos da América. No

  20. WINDExchange: About Regional Resource Centers

    WindExchange

    Deployment Activities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Regional Resource Centers About Economic Development Siting About Regional Resource Centers Significant expansion of wind energy deployment will be required to achieve the President's goal of doubling renewable energy production in the United States by 2020. Wind energy currently provides more than 4% of the nation's electricity but has the potential to provide much more. Increasing the country's percentage from wind power will mean

  1. Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions

    SciTech Connect

    The Keystone Center

    2005-06-15

    The Keystone Center convened and facilitated a year-long Dialogue on "Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions" to develop recommendations that will help address the difficult and contentious issues related to expansions of regional electric transmission systems that are needed for reliable and economic transmission of power within and across regions. This effort brought together a cross-section of affected stakeholders and thought leaders to address the problem with the collective wisdom of their experience and interests. Transmission owners sat at the table with consumer advocates and environmental organizations. Representatives from regional transmission organizations exchanged ideas with state and federal regulators. Generation developers explored common interests with public power suppliers. Together, the Dialogue participants developed consensus solutions about how to begin unraveling some of the more intractable issues surrounding identification of need, allocation of costs, and reaching consensus on siting issues that can frustrate the development of regional transmission infrastructure. The recommendations fall into three broad categories: 1. Recommendations on appropriate institutional arrangements and processes for achieving regional consensus on the need for new or expanded transmission infrastructure 2. Recommendations on the process for siting of transmission lines 3. Recommendations on the tools needed to support regional planning, cost allocation, and siting efforts. List of Dialogue participants: List of Dialogue Participants: American Electric Power American Transmission Company American Wind Energy Association California ISO Calpine Corporation Cinergy Edison Electric Institute Environmental Defense Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Great River Energy International Transmission Company ISO-New England Iowa Public Utility Board Kanner & Associates Midwest ISO National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners National Association

  2. Hierarchical probabilistic regionalization of volcanism for Sengan region, Japan.

    SciTech Connect

    Balasingam, Pirahas; Park, Jinyong; McKenna, Sean Andrew; Kulatilake, Pinnaduwa H. S. W.

    2005-03-01

    A 1 km square regular grid system created on the Universal Transverse Mercator zone 54 projected coordinate system is used to work with volcanism related data for Sengan region. The following geologic variables were determined as the most important for identifying volcanism: geothermal gradient, groundwater temperature, heat discharge, groundwater pH value, presence of volcanic rocks and presence of hydrothermal alteration. Data available for each of these important geologic variables were used to perform directional variogram modeling and kriging to estimate geologic variable vectors at each of the 23949 centers of the chosen 1 km cell grid system. Cluster analysis was performed on the 23949 complete variable vectors to classify each center of 1 km cell into one of five different statistically homogeneous groups with respect to potential volcanism spanning from lowest possible volcanism to highest possible volcanism with increasing group number. A discriminant analysis incorporating Bayes theorem was performed to construct maps showing the probability of group membership for each of the volcanism groups. The said maps showed good comparisons with the recorded locations of volcanism within the Sengan region. No volcanic data were found to exist in the group 1 region. The high probability areas within group 1 have the chance of being the no volcanism region. Entropy of classification is calculated to assess the uncertainty of the allocation process of each 1 km cell center location based on the calculated probabilities. The recorded volcanism data are also plotted on the entropy map to examine the uncertainty level of the estimations at the locations where volcanism exists. The volcanic data cell locations that are in the high volcanism regions (groups 4 and 5) showed relatively low mapping estimation uncertainty. On the other hand, the volcanic data cell locations that are in the low volcanism region (group 2) showed relatively high mapping estimation uncertainty

  3. Magnetic Random Access Memory based non-volatile asynchronous Muller cell for ultra-low power autonomous applications

    SciTech Connect

    Di Pendina, G. E-mail: eldar.zianbetov@cea.fr Zianbetov, E. E-mail: eldar.zianbetov@cea.fr; Beigne, E. E-mail: eldar.zianbetov@cea.fr

    2015-05-07

    Micro and nano electronic integrated circuit domain is today mainly driven by the advent of the Internet of Things for which the constraints are strong, especially in terms of power consumption and autonomy, not only during the computing phases but also during the standby or idle phases. In such ultra-low power applications, the circuit has to meet new constraints mainly linked to its changing energetic environment: long idle phases, automatic wake up, data back-up when the circuit is sporadically turned off, and ultra-low voltage power supply operation. Such circuits have to be completely autonomous regarding their unstable environment, while remaining in an optimum energetic configuration. Therefore, we propose in this paper the first MRAM-based non-volatile asynchronous Muller cell. This cell has been simulated and characterized in a very advanced 28 nm CMOS fully depleted silicon-on-insulator technology, presenting good power performance results due to an extremely efficient body biasing control together with ultra-wide supply voltage range from 160 mV up to 920 mV. The leakage current can be reduced to 154 pA thanks to reverse body biasing. We also propose an efficient standard CMOS bulk version of this cell in order to be compatible with different fabrication processes.

  4. Integration of autonomous systems for remote control of data acquisition and diagnostics in the TJ-II device

    SciTech Connect

    Vega, J.; Mollinedo, A.; Lopez, A.; Pacios, L.

    1997-01-01

    The data acquisition system for TJ-II will consist of a central computer, containing the data base of the device, and a set of independent systems (personal computers, embedded ones, workstations, minicomputers, PLCs, and microprocessor systems among others), controlling data collection, and automated diagnostics. Each autonomous system can be used to isolate and manage specific problems in the most efficient manner. These problems are related to data acquisition, hard ({mu}s{endash}ms) real time requirements, soft (ms{endash}s) real time requirements, remote control of diagnostics, etc. In the operation of TJ-II, the programming of systems will be carried out from the central computer. Coordination and synchronization will be performed by linking systems to local area networks. Several Ethernet segments and FDDI rings will be used for these purposes. Programmable logic controller devices (PLCs) used for diagnostic low level control will be linked among them through a fast serial link, the RS485 Profibus standard. One VME crate, running on the OS-9 real time operating system, will be assigned as a gateway, so as to connect the PLCs based systems with an Ethernet segment. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  5. Curbing Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Boilers in China

    SciTech Connect

    Shen, Bo; Price, Lynn K; Lu, Hongyou; Liu, Xu; Tsen, Katherine; Xiangyang, Wei; Yunpeng, Zhang; Jian, Guan; Rui, Hou; Junfeng, Zhang; Yuqun, Zhuo; Shumao, Xia; Yafeng, Han; Manzhi, Liu

    2015-10-28

    China’s industrial boiler systems consume 700 million tons of coal annually, accounting for 18% of the nation’s total coal consumption. Together these boiler systems are one of the major sources of China’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, producing approximately 1.3 gigatons (Gt) of carbon dioxide (CO2) annually. These boiler systems are also responsible for 33% and 27% of total soot and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions in China, respectively, making a substantial contribution to China’s local environmental degradation. The Chinese government - at both the national and local level - is taking actions to mitigate the significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and air pollution related to the country’s extensive use of coal-fired industrial boilers. The United States and China are pursuing a collaborative effort under the U.S.-China Climate Change Working Group to conduct a comprehensive assessment of China’s coal-fired industrial boilers and to develop an implementation roadmap that will improve industrial boiler efficiency and maximize fuel-switching opportunities. Two Chinese cities – Ningbo and Xi’an – have been selected for the assessment. These cities represent coastal areas with access to liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports and inland regions with access to interprovincial natural gas pipelines, respectively.

  6. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Definitions

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Definitions Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Definitions The regions defined in the above map are based upon the 10 Federal Regions of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State groupings are as follows: Northeast Region - Federal Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region 2: New Jersey, and New York. Federal Region 3:Delaware, District of

  7. Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer LANL maintains an extensive groundwater monitoring and surveillance program through sampling. August 1, 2013 Conceptual model of water movement and geology at Los Alamos National Laboratory Conceptual model of water movement and geology at Los Alamos National Laboratory RELATED IMAGES http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3749/9827580556_473a91fd78_t.jpg Enlarge http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2856/9804364405_b25f74cbb2_t.jpg En

  8. Preliminary Report: Results of Computed Tracer Concentrations over Eastern China, South Korea, and Japan for 01 March to 30 May 2007 Daily Simulated Releases from Taiyuan, China

    SciTech Connect

    Vogt, P

    2007-08-07

    In order to prepare for a proposed long range tracer experiment in China for the spring of 2008 time period, NARAC computed hypothetical PMCH concentrations over Eastern China, South Korea and Japan for simulated releases from Taiyuan, China. Normalized 1 kg of PMCH source strength releases were made twice a day, with wind input from global forecast weather model. We used 6-hour analysis fields valid at the start of each model run, resulting in four wind fields per day. The selected domain encompassed the region of interest over eastern Asia and the Western Pacific. Screening runs were made for each day at 0000 and 1200 UTC from 01 April, 2007 through 29 May, 2007 for a total of 90 days and 180 cases. 24-hour average air concentrations were evaluated at 22 sample cities in the three regions of interest for each case. 15 sample cities were selected to help quantify modeling results for experiment objectives. Any case that resulted in model predicted air concentrations exceeding 2.0E-02 fL/L at a sample city in all three regions was then selected for a detailed model run with source times six hours before and after evaluated in addition to the case time. The detailed runs used the same wind fields and model domain, but 6-hour average air concentrations were generated and analyzed for the 15 sample cities. Each of the 180 cases were ranked subjectively, based on whether or not the model prediction indicated the possibility that a release on that date and time might achieve the long range experiment objectives. Ranks used are High, Good, Low, Poor, and Bad. Of the 180 cases run, NARAC dispersion models predicted 6 instances of High possibility, 8 cases of Good, 32 of Low, 74 of Poor, and 60 cases of Bad probability. Detailed model runs were made for all 14 High or Good probability cases, a total of only 7.8% of all analyzed. Based on the results of this study we have identified a few dates on which a release of a reasonable amount of PMCH tracer (on the order of 500 kg

  9. Passive solar in China: traditional and new

    SciTech Connect

    Balcomb, J.D.; Balcomb, S.A.

    1986-04-01

    The authors' observations of a tradition of passive solar architecture in northern China are described. Tendencies for modern buildings to depart from this tradition are noted. Major passive solar research programs are discussed and experimental buildings are illustrated. It is concluded that the Chinese could realize a major advantage by combining their strong tradition of passive solar architecture with modern insulation methods and improved glazing systems.

  10. Economic Rebalancing and Electricity Demand in China

    SciTech Connect

    He, Gang; Lin, Jiang; Yuan, Alexandria

    2015-11-01

    Understanding the relationship between economic growth and electricity use is essential for power systems planning. This need is particularly acute now in China, as the Chinese economy is going through a transition to a more consumption and service oriented economy. This study uses 20 years of provincial data on gross domestic product (GDP) and electricity consumption to examine the relationship between these two factors. We observe a plateauing effect of electricity consumption in the richest provinces, as the electricity demand saturates and the economy develops and moves to a more service-based economy. There is a wide range of forecasts for electricity use in 2030, ranging from 5,308 to 8,292 kWh per capita, using different estimating functions, as well as in existing studies. It is therefore critical to examine more carefully the relationship between electricity use and economic development, as China transitions to a new growth phase that is likely to be less energy and resource intensive. The results of this study suggest that policymakers and power system planners in China should seriously re-evaluate power demand projections and the need for new generation capacity to avoid over-investment that could lead to stranded generation assets.

  11. NREL: International Activities - U.S.-China Renewable Energy Partnership

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S.-China Renewable Energy Partnership The U.S.-China Renewable Energy Partnership (USCREP) brings together technical, academic, business, and political stakeholders from the United States and China to address barriers to renewable energy competitiveness. U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao formalized USCREP in 2009 as a part of a broader, 10-year package of cooperative clean energy programs between the two countries. Both sides embraced a vision of the United States and

  12. Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Fueling Infrastructure in China Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China Presentation given by Jinyang Zheng of Zhejiang University at the CNG and Hydrogen Lessons Learned Workshop on December 10, 2009 cng_h2_workshop_10_zheng.pdf (1.35 MB) More Documents & Publications Safety and Regulatory Structure for CNG, CNG-Hydrogen, Hydrogen Vehicles and Fuels in China Overview of DOE - DOT December 2009 CNG and Hydrogen Fuels Workshop

  13. JPRS report -- Science technology, China: Energy, [December 3, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    1992-12-03

    This report contains translations/transcriptions of articles and/or broadcasts from China on energy. Topics include: Tokyo, Beijing to start environment-friendly coal study; work speeded up to electrify counties; Yunnan grid facing serious power shortage; Asia`s largest plant planned for Sichuan; types of natural gas found in East China Sea; and vice president of China National Nuclear Corporation comments on expansion of nuclear industry.

  14. Partnering with China to Promote Renewable Energy Deployment | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Energy Partnering with China to Promote Renewable Energy Deployment Partnering with China to Promote Renewable Energy Deployment June 4, 2015 - 10:15am Addthis David Danielson, Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, delivers keynote remarks at the fourth U.S.-China Renewable Energy Industries Forum in Washington, D.C. | <em>Photo by Josh Harmon</em> David Danielson, Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, delivers keynote

  15. RFI - US-China Clean Energy Research Center | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    RFI - US-China Clean Energy Research Center PDF icon RFI - US-China Clean Energy Research Center More Documents & Publications China CERC, U.S. India and Other international ...

  16. China WindPower Jilin Power Share JV | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    WindPower Jilin Power Share JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China WindPower & Jilin Power Share JV Place: Jilin Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product: China-based...

  17. US-China_Fact_Sheet_Electric_Vehicles.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ElectricVehicles.pdf US-ChinaFactSheetElectricVehicles.pdf US-ChinaFactSheetElectricVehicles.pdf More Documents & Publications THE WHITE HOUSE FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean...

  18. Evolution of the Smart Grid in China | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Latest Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentevolution-smart-grid-china Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in...

  19. China-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    for Climate Change (cities, states, districts) Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states, districts) AgencyCompany...

  20. Rehabilitation program eyed for big gas field in China

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    CER Corp., Las Vegas, has recommended a rehabilitation program it believes could boost deliverability by 20% in a major gas field in China. This paper reports that the recommendations resulted from a 4 year, multimillion dollar study of Weiyuan field in Central China's Sichuan province. Sichuan province is China's major gas producing province, with current flow of about 671 MMcfd and potential recovery pegged at 280 tcf. China's government recently announced a shift in its exploration and development emphasis to natural gas (OGJ, Jan. 6, p. 30). Funded by World Bank, CER's study found that a workover program, infill drilling, and wellbore dewatering program could significantly increase reserves.