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  1. United Arab Emirates-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    United Arab Emirates-NREL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United Arab Emirates-NREL Cooperation Name United Arab Emirates-NREL Cooperation AgencyCompany...

  2. Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 292968 Coordinates 24.46667,...

  3. Dubai, United Arab Emirates: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dubai, United Arab Emirates: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Dubai, United Arab Emirates Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 292223 Coordinates 25.252222,...

  4. Thermal waters of the Yemen Arab Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Dowgiallo, J.

    1986-01-01

    Thermal waters (30-61/sup 0/C) occur in springs and shallow drill-holes (max. 300 m) in several areas of the Yemen Arab Republic. Their mineral content is generally low ( < 1000-2000 ppm TDS) except for waters with high CO/sub 2/ content and those directly influenced by the evaporitic Baid formation (Tertiary) in the Western Lowlands along the Red Sea. The temperature anomalies occur in areas of Quaternary basaltic volcanism (Aden formation) and in fault zones connected with the eastern margin of the Red Sea graben. In the latter zones radiogenic heat may be contributed by Tertiary granitic intrusions.

  5. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab Emirates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Cubic Feet) United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet

  6. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab Emirates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Cubic Feet) United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 0 0 3,391

  7. Secretary Bodman Highlights Alternative Energy Cooperation in the United Arab Emirates

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    ABU DHABI, UAE - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today visited the United Arab Emirates (UAE) where he delivered keynote remarks at the Masdar World Future Energy Summit 2008 emphasizing...

  8. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    586-8800",,,"01292016 9:45:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9103UA2" "Date","U.S....

  9. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016 -- -- 4.18 -- -- -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date:

  10. United Arab Emirates and United States Sign MOU at Strategic Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Dialogue | Department of Energy Arab Emirates and United States Sign MOU at Strategic Energy Dialogue United Arab Emirates and United States Sign MOU at Strategic Energy Dialogue October 1, 2014 - 1:50pm Addthis Secretary Moniz and UAE Minister of Energy Suhail Al Mazrouei signed a Memorandum of Understanding that reaffirms their commitment to a strong bilateral energy relationship, joint cooperation and exchange of ideas in the areas of energy and the energy-water nexus. Photo by

  11. Assessment of tar pollution on the United Arab emirates beaches

    SciTech Connect

    Abu-Hilal, A.H.; Khordagui, H.K. )

    1993-01-01

    In light of the inadequate information concerning stranded tar on the southwest beaches of the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, particularly following the massive oil releases during the Gulf War, the present investigation was designed to provide reference-integrated information on the nature, location, and levels of stranded tar balls on the beaches of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The recorded levels appeared to be higher than expected or previously reported. The tar distribution pattern, in addition to the degree of weathering, indicates that the massive oil release during the Gulf War did not reach the UAE shorelines. The highest reported levels of stranded tar ever recorded in the Arabian Gulf at Jabal Dhannah apparently originated from oil spills and tankers' ballast water at the main oil terminal at the Al-Ruwaiss oil refinery some 10 km to the east. The surprising, relatively high levels of stranded tar on the beaches of the Gulf of Oman were solely attributed to the heavy navigation traffic close to the shorelines. 19 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  12. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates

  13. Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Million Cubic Feet) United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2016 3,391 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied

  14. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    The United Arab Emirates (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  15. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 0 0 3,391 0 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point

  16. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab Emirates (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release

  17. Oil exploration and development in Marib/Al Jawf basin, Yemen Arab Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Maycock, I.D.

    1986-07-01

    In 1981, Yemen Hunt Oil Company (YHOC) negotiated a production-sharing agreement covering 12,600 km/sup 2/ in the northeast part of the Yemen Arab Republic. A reconnaissance seismic program of 1864 km acquired in 1982 revealed the presence of a major half graben, designated the Marib/Al Jawf basin by YHOC. A sedimentary section up to 18,000 ft thick has been recognized. Geologic field mapping identified Jurassic carbonates covered by Cretaceous sands overlying Permian glaciolacustrine sediments, Paleozoic sandstones, or Precambrian basement. The first well drilled in 1984, aimed at a possible Jurassic carbonate objective, encountered hydrocarbon-bearing sands in the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition between 5000 and 6000 ft. A successful appraisal drilling program has demonstrated satisfactory lateral reservoir continuity. Further wildcat drilling demonstrates macro-unit correlation within the eastern part of the basin. Rapid basin development apparently commenced in the late Kimmeridgian, culminating with the deposition of Tithonian evaporites. Available geochemical analysis indicates sourcing from restricted-basin sediments. Excellent traps, reservoirs, and source beds underlying the Tithonian evaporites indicate that a significant new petroliferous province is present.

  18. Oil exploration and development in Marib/Al Jawf basin, Yemen Arab Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Maycock, I.D.

    1988-02-01

    In 1981, Yemen Hunt Oil Company (YHOC) negotiated a production-sharing agreement covering 12,600 km/sup 2/ in the northeast part of the Yemen Arab Republic. A reconnaissance seismic program of 1864 km acquired in 1982 revealed the presence of a major half graben, designated the Marib/Al Jawf basin by YHOC. A sedimentary section up to 18,000 ft thick has been recognized. Geologic field mapping identified Jurassic carbonates covered by Cretaceous sands overlying Permian glaciolacustrine sediments, Paleozoic sandstones, or Precambrian basement. The first well, Alif-1, drilled in 1984, aimed at a possible Jurassic carbonate objective, encountered hydrocarbon-bearing sands in the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition between 5000 and 6000 ft. Appraisal and development drilling followed. The Alif field is believed to contain in excess of 400 million bbl of recoverable oil. Subsequent wildcat drilling has located additional accumulations while further amplifying basin stratigraphy. Rapid basin development took place in the Late Jurassic culminating with the deposition of Tithonian salt. The evaporites provide an excellent seal for hydrocarbons apparently sourced from restricted basin shales and trapped in rapidly deposited clastics.

  19. Operators in Yemen draw warning from Saudis

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-05-04

    This paper reports that foreign oil companies with concessions in northern Yemen have been drawn into a border dispute between Yemen and Saudi Arabia. At least six companies received letters from the Saudi government warning them that steps, as yet undefined, will be taken if exploration extends into disputed areas. A second territorial dispute also appears to be brewing in the region. Iran has ejected United Arab Emirates nationals from the island of Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf, which is jointly administered by Iran and Sharjah, one of the emirates. The U.A.E. government has reported the situation to the Gulf Cooperation Council, triggering a denial from Iran that anyone has been deported from the island.

  20. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) United Arab Emirates (Dollars per

  1. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    The United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next

  2. Mashreq Arab interconnected power system potential for economic energy trading

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Shehri, A.M.; El-Amin, I.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

    1994-12-01

    The Mashreq Arab countries covered in this study are Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. A feasibility study for the interconnection of the electrical networks of the Mashreq Arab countries, sponsored by the Arab Fund, was completed in June 1992. Each country is served by one utility except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The Mashreq Arab region has a considerable mix of energy resources. Egypt and Syria have some limited amounts of hydropower resources, and the Arabian Gulf region is abundant in fossil fuel reserves. Owing to the differences in energy production costs, a potential exists for substantial energy trading between electric utilities in the region. The major objective of this project is to study the feasibility of electric energy trading between the Mashreq Arab countries. The basis, assumptions, and methodologies on which this energy trading study is based relate to the results and conclusions arising out of the previous study, power plant characteristics and costs, assumptions on economic parameters, rules for economy energy exchange, etc. This paper presents the basis, methodology, and major findings of the study.

  3. Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries

    SciTech Connect

    El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

    1994-12-01

    Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

  4. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016 -- -- 4.18 -- -- -- -- --

  5. Diesel power leads Yemen electrification plan

    SciTech Connect

    Patarino, C.

    1980-10-01

    The Yemen Arab Republic ended a period of political isolation and is now pushing for social and economic development. A seven-year program announced in 1978 aims to establish and extend rural and urban electrification. A key element in this plan is the construction pf a series of diesel power stations to provide base load until larger steam plants are available in the mid-1980s.

  6. Yemen Petroleum Company | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Logo: Yemen Petroleum Company Name: Yemen Petroleum Company Place: Yemen Product: marketing petroleum products in the local market. Year Founded: 1961 Website: www.ypcye.com...

  7. Republic of Yemen Energy Access Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Yemen Energy Access Project Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Republic of Yemen Energy Access Project Location of project Yemen Year initiated 2006 Organization World...

  8. Price of Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to United Arab

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2016 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Liquefied

  9. Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector...

  10. U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other ...

  11. U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other ...

  12. Yemen: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Country Profile Name Yemen Population 19,685,000 GDP 36,700,000,000 Energy Consumption 0.31 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code YE 3-letter ISO code YEM Numeric ISO...

  13. Yemen's light, sweet Alif crude assayed

    SciTech Connect

    Rhodes, A.K.

    1994-05-23

    Crude oil from Yemen's Alif field has been assayed. The light sweet crude, also known as Marib, is part of the Marib al-Jawf concession in northern Yemen. Alif field was discovered in 1984 by Hunt Oil Co. The field was declared commercial in November 1985. Alif production averaged 118,500 b/d in 1992. Physical and chemical properties are listed for the whole crude and its fractions.

  14. United Arab Emirates and United States Sign MOU at Strategic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Photo by DOEKenneth Shipp. Secretary Moniz and UAE Minister of Energy Suhail Al Mazrouei ... Photo by DOEKenneth Shipp. Secretary Moniz and UAE Minister of Energy Suhail Al Mazrouei ...

  15. United Arab Emirates: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Carbon and Energy Reporter Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Through the Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies Carbon Dioxide Information...

  16. U.S. LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    1973-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices -- -- -- -- -- -- 1996

  17. Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Million...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Yemen (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,115 3,122 3,106 ...

  18. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  19. Products pipeline network plans set out for North Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    Venus, C.

    1984-02-13

    The growth of oil-products demand in future years is leading the Yemen Arab Republic (Y.A.R.) to improve the distribution network for the products by constructing a pipeline system. Petroleum products are currently distributed by road tankers only between the receiving terminals and the main cities, which represent the most important consumption centers, together with new industrial plants such as cement factories, power plants, etc. The technical design and economic and financial feasibility study of the project was entrusted to Omnium Technique des Transports par Pipelines (OTP). The scope covers the setting up in the Y.A.R. of the basic equipment for the supply, storage, and land transportation of petroleum products with a view to: Meeting the national demand for the next 25 years. Providing an adequate strategic reserve of petroleum products with a total storage capacity amounting to 3 months of consumption. The only exception in the transportation of the petroleum products will involve heavy fuel oil which will continue to be transported by road tankers. This article describes the basic facilities which have to be installed before the start-up of the projected network. The project includes a marine terminal in Salif and a pipeline to Sana'a with the related storage, truck loading, and pumping facilities for white products and gas oil which will be transported by pipeline.

  20. Diversity in the Mideast; Kuwait and Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    Vielvoye, R.

    1991-12-02

    This paper reports on two types of action which mark oil industry activity at opposite ends of the Arabian Peninsula. In Kuwait, the astounding achievements of firefighting teams have captured world headlines. Some 1,200 miles to the south, Yemen is establishing itself as a center for exploration and production.

  1. Discoveries to make North and South Yemen crude exporters

    SciTech Connect

    Vielvoye, R.

    1987-08-24

    This article reports that North and South Yemen, two of the poorest and most remote countries on the Arabian Peninsula, are on course to join the ranks of oil exporters. A major oil field at Alif in North Yemen, currently under development by Yemen Hunt Oil Co., is expected to provide first exports towards year-end. Production from North Yemen could reach 400,000 b/d in the early 1990s. In South Yemen, a Soviet oil company also has found oil. Industry sources think production will be sufficient to allow a modest level of exports. The two discoveries have brought explorationists back to a part of the Arabian Peninsula that for decades remained in the shadow of the prolific producers along the Persian Gulf coast. North Yemen attracted its first oil explorers in 1953. During the next 20 years six different groups took acreage. But activity was restricted to the more accessible coastal areas, and most groups did only preliminary geophysical work.

  2. LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    1997-02-24

    Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

  3. Sedimentological evolution, diagenesis and hydrocarbon potentiality of late Jurassic carbonates, Eastern Region, Yemen Arab Republic

    SciTech Connect

    El-anbaawy, M.I.H.; Al-thour, K.A. )

    1989-01-01

    On the basis of the lateral and vertical distribution of the lithofacies identified within the Late Jurassic Amran sequence (Thoma Member) in Jabal Al-Balaq area, Marib, Y.A.R., three megafacies were recognized. Proceeding from the shore landwards they are: Ooid bank, including barriers such as reefs and carbonate sand shoals adjacent to the margin of a shallow platform having intertidal to subtidal agitated water, the bank being composed of skeletal packstone, oolitic grainstone and oncolitic packstone; Shelf lagoon, behind the shoal, characterized by less turbulent pelletoidal wackestone, sandy mudstone and algal stromatolite (boundstone); Alluvial coastal plain, including tidal sand flat of the marine shoreline-intertidal area, where cross-bedded sandstone and alluvial fan toe conglomerate were deposited. The apparent small-scale facies variations which are the result of the allocyclic tectonically controlled sea level fluctuations, reflect a complex interfingering of the depositional environments and the resulting rock types. The paragenetic sequence of the post-depositional processes within the siliciclastics inferred is: iron oxide cementation, authigenic growth of mica clays, generation of pressure solution and compaction, and generation of quartz overgrowths. It is indicated that the compaction process followed the neomorphism and cementation within the carbonates.

  4. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    ... Sabine Pass, LA 0 2,568 5,689 5,750 5,880 8,911 2007-2015 From United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2015 Lake Charles, LA 1999-2003 From Yemen 38,897 60,071 19,595 11,024 8,006 ...

  5. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates (Million

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1973 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1974 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1975 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1976 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1977 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1978 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1980 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1981 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1982 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1983 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1984 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1985 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1986 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1987 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

  6. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1996 3.34 3.57 1997 3.74 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1998 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2.78 2.47 1999 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 3.03 -- 2000 -- -- -- -- -- 3.53 -- -- -- -- -- -- 2001 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2002 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2003 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2004 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2005 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2006 -- -- --

  7. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1980's 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1990's 0 0 0 0 0 0 4,949 2,417 5,252 2,713 2000's 2,725...

  8. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Yemen (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Yemen (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Yemen (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,869 3,108 2012 2,979 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Yemen

  9. The exploration for a deep aquifer in the Hadhramaut, Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    Bauman, P.

    1996-11-01

    The Hadhramaut province of Yemen, an area with a population of more than half a million inhabitants, is presently facing a serious water crisis. A groundwater exploration project is presently drilling 23 exploration wells widely spaced over the Masila Block, an oil exploration lease are within the province. The main target is the Cretaceous Mukalla Formation, a 300 m thick highly permeable sandstone. Field reconnaissance was integrated with satellite images; geologic, hydrogeologic, geophysical, topographic maps; and local socioeconomic and political information to choose the well locations. Studying available seismic reflection data was particularly useful for choosing drilling locations over grabens buried in wadi fill. The various pieces of information were integrated in a geographic information system (GIS). To date, eight wells have been drilled and completed. Borehole geophysical logging has played an important role in all phases of well completion. All completed boreholes have tested from 200 to over 1,000 imperial gallons per minute.

  10. Oil discoveries in the hadramaut; How Canadian Oxy scored in Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    Mills, S.J. )

    1992-03-09

    On Dec. 18, 1991, Canadian Occidental Petroleum Ltd., announced that commerciality had been declared on three fields within the Masila Block in the Republic of Yemen. The discovery and successful delineation of Sunah, Heijah, and Camaal fields-with estimated recoverable reserves of 235 million bbl-represents the climacteric of an exploration program which commenced in 1987 on large tract of acreage located in the eastern part of what was then the Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen. Drilling operations continue, and one further discovery has been announced recently. This article summarizes the exploration history of the Masila Block and discusses some of the results of the program to date.

  11. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (MMcf)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Yemen (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  12. Parallel Multigrid Equation Solver () | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Islands Tuvalu UN UNIDO USSR Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom ... Islands Tuvalu UN UNIDO USSR Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom ...

  13. Special ESP configurations designed to test and produce Yemen oil field. [Electric-Submersible Pump

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkie, D.I. )

    1993-09-27

    Innovative electric-submersible-pump (ESP) configurations were used in the exploration phase of a Yemen oil field discovered by Canadian Occidental Petroleum Ltd. Because of subnormal reservoir pressure, CanOxy developed the field with ESPs and had to install surface components that could operate at the high, 130 F., ambient temperatures common in Yemen. The field is in a remote area that has seen very little development. The reservoirs produce a medium-to-heavy crude with a low gas/oil ratio, typically less than 20 scf/bbl. Problems faced in evaluating the field included drilling through unconsolidated sands with high flow capacity and subnormal reservoir pressure. CanOxy had to develop the technology to test the wells during the exploration phase, and intends to use new, or at least uncommon technology, for producing the wells. The paper describes testing the wells, the electric generators and variable speed drives, and the use of these pumps on production wells.

  14. Everett, MA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Imports From Yemen (Million Cubic Feet) Everett, MA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,688 5,591 5,465 2,843 5,608 2,865 5,622 5,537 5,424 2012 2,805 2,765 2,721 2,589 2,899 2,837 2013 2,728 2,763 2,806 2,728 2014 2,329 2,806 2,871 2015 2,234 2,373 2,834 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next

  15. Palynological study of the genera Ruellia, Ecbolium, Asystasia, Blepharis and Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) of Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Hakimi, S. Anisa; Maideen, Haja; Latiff, A.

    2013-11-27

    Pollen morphology of five genera of the family Acanthaceae, namely Ruellia, Blepharis, Asystasia, Ecbolium and Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) of Yemen has been examined using light and scanning electron microscope. Pollen descriptions were provided with two shapes distinguished, spheroidal and prolate. Most of the pollen grains were tricolporate amd psuedocolpi except those of Blepharis which are colpate. The surface is coarsely reticulate, in addition to the lumina that varies in size.

  16. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016"

  17. An analytical framework for capacity development in EIA - The case of Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    Loon, Louise van; Driessen, Peter P.J.; Kolhoff, Arend; Runhaar, Hens A.C.

    2010-02-15

    Most countries worldwide nowadays apply Environmental Assessment (EA) as an ex ante tool to evaluate environmental impacts of policies, plans, programmes, and projects. However, the application and performance of EA differ significantly. Scientific analysis of how EA performs mainly focuses on two levels: the micro (or project) level and the macro (or system) level. Macro level analysis usually focuses on institutions for EA and the organisation of stakeholder interaction in EA. This article proposes a more comprehensive framework for analysing EA systems that combines other approaches with a capacity approach and an explicit consideration of the context in which EA systems are developed and performed. In order to illustrate the value of our framework, we apply it to the Republic of Yemen, where over the last decades many EA capacity development programmes have been executed; however, EA performance has not substantially improved. The Yemen case study illustrates that the capacity development approach allows an understanding of the historical process, the stakeholders, the knowledge component, and the material and technical aspects of EA, but perhaps more important is a systemic understanding of the outcomes: problems are not isolated, but influence and even maintain each other. In addition, by taking into account the context characteristics, our framework allows for the assessment of the feasibility of capacity development programmes that aim at improving EA system performance.

  18. Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Resource Type Guidemanual Website http:www.escwa.un.orginform Country Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  19. Offshore Socotra, Republic of Yemen: Potential for a new hydrocarbon province?

    SciTech Connect

    Richardson, S.M.; Bott, W.F.; Birse, T.C.R.

    1995-08-01

    A new plate reconstruction has enabled the Island of Socotra, currently located in the Gulf of Aden adjacent to the Somalian coast, to be confidently restored to its original spatial position, adjacent to the southern Omani coastline. New studies integrated with these plate reconstructions, have confirmed the presence of an untested Mesozoic graben, which trends across the Socotra platform. Fieldwork carried out in the region now enables a SE extension of the prolific Lower Cretaceous Qishn `play` (delinated in the Masilah Basin, onshore Yemen) to be postulated offshore into the Gulf of Aden. Following the award of offshore acreage adjacent to the Island of Socotra, exploration studies have confirmed the presence of the Qishn `play` both on the Island of Socotra, and offshore in the one available basin-margin control well. This work has also identified two additional plays: the Shuabia-equivalent carbonates, which are prolific producing reservoirs in central Oman; and the Permo-Triassic clastics, which may provide a new reservoir target for the region. Fieldwork has also identified Jurassic siliclastics outcropping on the Island, which may provide further reservoir potential. Ongoing multidisciplinary studies, integrating the results of a detailed geophysical interpretation with high resolution structural-stratigraphic studies, have confirmed the presence of large structures within an undrilled Mesozoic rift-basin, which will be tested during 1995.

  20. Pressure deflected: Japan and the 1973 Arab oil embargo

    SciTech Connect

    Burridge, J.M.

    1988-01-01

    Japanese policy toward the Arab states for the five years before the embargo are compared with the five years that followed. Significant events from October 1973 through the February 1974 Washington Conference are described on a virtually daily basis. The study concludes that the late 1973 oil-supply reduction did not result in significantly greater Japanese political support or economic assistance in the 1974-1978 period. Japan did not even carry the only specific commitment in the November 22 statement - that it would reconsider relations with Israel if that country didn't withdraw from the occupied Arab territories. Many factors contributed to this failure - American counter-pressure, Arab disunity, and a worldwide drop in oil demand. In terms of political demands, neither OAPEC nor any individual Arab state ever articulated any specific actions Japan was to take. Finally, the supply of oil was rapidly depoliticized after 1974.

  1. Iraq: Eastern flank of the Arab world

    SciTech Connect

    Helms, C.M.

    1984-01-01

    Iraq, holding oil reserves second only to those of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East, is locked in a war with Iran whose outcome will affect Western energy supplies and the prospects for stability in the Arabian Gulf. Yet Iraq even now remains little known to Western governments and publics. This study is intended to enlarge understanding of Iraqi behavior and of the concerns that motivate its leaders. Rather than selecting issues of importance to other countries, the author focuses on the forces that influence policy formulation in Iraq and evokes the perspective from which the Iraqi government itself views its problems and sets its priorities. Part 1 examines the country's evolution into modern Iraq, explaining why problems that have recurred throughout Iraqi history have bedeviled all recent Iraqi governments and created tension between ''Iraq the nation'' and ''Iraq the state.'' Part 2 discusses the Arab Ba'th Socialist party, which has dominated Iraqi political life since 1968. The author neither condemns nor praises this controversial party and its current leader, President Saddam Husain, but seeks to explain why they have adopted the positions and taken the actions that have characterized their rule. Part 3 analyzes the war between Iraq and Iran, its causes, and the decisions Iraq has made in light of its goals and its assumptions about Iran. The author finds that this is not simply ''a war over borders'' but a deeper conflict between Islamic conservatism and Arab nationalism. Looking beyond the war, the final chapter assesses Iraq's potential importance in the Middle East and to the world economy. 8 figs.

  2. Premier Solar Technologies | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Premier Solar Technologies Name: Premier Solar Technologies Place: Dubai, United Arab Emirates Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Integrated Storage Collector Website:...

  3. Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

  4. Clean Energy Solutions Center Services (Arabic Translation) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-06-01

    This is the Arabic translation of the Clean Energy Solutions Center Services fact sheet. The Clean Energy Solutions Center (Solutions Center) helps governments, advisors and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center partners with international organizations to provide online training, expert assistance, and technical resources on clean energy policy.

  5. Tectonic controls on the quality and distribution of Syn- to Post-Rift reservoir sands in the Southern Red Sea, offshore Western Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    Carter, J.M.L.

    1995-08-01

    Previous geophysical and drilling results in the southern Red Sea, and the presence of numerous oil seeps, indicate that the syn- to post-rift section is prospective for oil and gas. The relatively high geothermal gradient offshore western Yemen makes intra-salt and post-salt reservoir sands the only viable exploration targets. The quality and distribution of the reservoir sands remains one of the main unknown risk factors, An improved understanding of the controls on deposition of these sands is achieved by use of LandSat data, which provide evidence of a regional tectonic framework involving NE/SW-trending oceanic transform faults which are expressed onshore as strike-slip features, in some cases representing reactivated Precambrian lineaments. These faults are thought to have played two fundamental roles in the Neogene to Recent evolution of the southern Red Sea - firstly by directing clastic input from the rising Yemen Highlands into offshore depocentres, and secondly by influencing the location of salt diapirs sourced by Upper Miocene evaporates. By considering these factors, together with the pattern of heat flow from the developing oceanic rift of the southern Red Sea, it is possible to delineate areas of offshore western Yemen where reservoir characteristics are likely to be most favourable.

  6. Late Quaternary paleodune deposits in Abu Dhabi Emirate, UAF: Paleoclimatic implications

    SciTech Connect

    Brouwers, E.M.; Bown, T.M. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Hadley, D.G. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

    1993-04-01

    Remnants of late Quaternary paleodunes are exposed near the coast of the Arabian Gulf and in large inland playas and interdunal areas in central and western Abu Dhabi Emirate over a distance of >45 km normal to the coast. Paleodunes occur south of Madinat Zayed (lat. 23[degree]35 N), which marks the northern limit of a modern dune field that grades into the mega-dune sand sea of the ar Rub al Khali, Saudi Arabia. Coastal paleodunes are composed of weakly cemented millolid foraminifers, ooids, and rounded biogenic grains, whereas inland and southward the paleodunes show a progressive increase in the proportion of eolian quartz sand. The paleodunes exhibit large-scale trough foresets in remnant exposures 0.5 to 10 m thick, indicating paleowind directions from 65[degree] to 184[degree] (dominantly southeast transport). Scattered paleoplaya remnants provide paleodune scale. Paleoplaya deposits form buttes 30--50 m high. If coeval with the Paleodunes, large-scale paleodune fields are implied (100+ m high), comparable to star dunes and sand mountains at the northwestern edge of the ar Rub al Khali. Based on U-Th isotopic analyses, the carbonate paleodune sands are >160ka and probably >250ka. The carbonate source was a shallow, nearly dry Arabian Gulf at a time when large areas were exposed during a low sea-level stand. Paleowind direction indicates that Pleistocene prevailing winds were northwesterly, the direction of the dominant (winter shamal) wind today. The geographic extend and implied magnitude of the paleodunes suggest large-scale eolian transport of carbonate sand during the Pleistocene disiccation, and admixed quartz sand identifies a youthful stage of contemporaneous evolution of the ar Rub al Khali. Wave-eroded paleodunes probably floor much of the present-day Gulf and extend beneath the modern dunes and sand mountains.

  7. Learning to live with OPEC oil: the Arab view

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    Either OPEC or a similar Middle East organizaiton will recapture the dominant role in oil market as non-OPEC oil sources are depleted. An interview with Ali Ahmed Attiga of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) suggests the possibility of another embargo, but emphasizes the common bond that both oil-importing and oil-exporting countries have if they become over-dependent on oil. Attiga points out that OAPEC will produce 40% of the energy consumed at the end of 10 years. He credits the 1973 embargo with reminding the US of its vital interest in the Arab world, but admits it did not accomplish the withdrawal of Israel from occupied territory. In response to other questions Attiga doubts other producers will join OPEC, explains OPEC pricing and production policies, and describes its development programs. 1 figure.

  8. U.S. Energy Secretary Joins in Launch of Arabic Version of EIA Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Outlook | Department of Energy Joins in Launch of Arabic Version of EIA Energy Outlook U.S. Energy Secretary Joins in Launch of Arabic Version of EIA Energy Outlook November 13, 2005 - 2:27pm Addthis DUBAI, U.A.E. - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today participated in the release of the Gulf Research Center's Arabic version of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) International Energy Outlook 2005 (IEO) in Dubai, U.A.E. "The International Energy Outlook is an

  9. Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries: history, policies, and prospects

    SciTech Connect

    Tetreault, M.A.

    1981-01-01

    The analysis begins with OAPEC's formation in 1968, as a means of resisting pressure to embargo oil importers who supported Israel. The origins of the 1973 boycott during the Yom Kippur War are examined, showing how that step affected subsequent OAPEC policy. OAPEC's relationship to the rest of the international petroleum community is explored, focusing on the interaction between OAPEC and OPEC in the making of petroleum pricing policy. The expulsion of Egypt for trading with Israel is discussed. Huge profits from the oil industry are the key to the region's economic development. Successes and failures of OAPEC investments, joint ventures with various nations as partners in fostering the economic progress of the Arab world are examined. This study provides a useful tool for the understanding of the international petroleum industry.

  10. WorldWideScience.org Enhancements: Addition of Arabic Translation, Mobile

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Capability, and Multimedia Results | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information WorldWideScience.org Enhancements: Addition of Arabic Translation, Mobile Capability, and Multimedia Results Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2011 Arabic has been added to the suite of translated languages at WorldWideScience.org, bringing the total number of translated languages to 10. At WorldWideScience.org, your query can be translated into the languages of the search engine's

  11. Solar Technologies | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Place: Dubai, United Arab Emirates Sector: Solar Product: Dubai-based solar photovoltaic module manufacturing company. References: Solar Technologies1 This article is a...

  12. Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): Country Studies, United Arab Emirates Focus Area: Clean Fossil Energy...

  13. Mulk Renewable Energy Aditya Solar Power Industries JV | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Arab Emirates Sector: Solar Product: UAE-based company that is developing a 200MW solar thermal plant in Sharjah. References: Mulk Renewable Energy & Aditya Solar Power...

  14. Secretary Chu to Attend Second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    United Arab Emirates | Department of Energy Second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Secretary Chu to Attend Second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates April 1, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary of Energy Steven Chu will attend the second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, on April 6-7, 2011. The Clean Energy Ministerial, launched by Secretary Chu in Washington, D.C., on July 19-20, 2010, is a forum

  15. training

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    threats."

    Representatives at the workshop were from Australia, Brazil, Canada, Japan, Jordan, Mexico, South Africa, Taiwan, The Netherlands, United Arab Emirates, United...

  16. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi...

  17. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi...

  18. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi...

  19. Mulk Renewable Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Mulk Renewable Energy Inc Place: Sharjah, United Arab Emirates Sector: Solar Product: UAE-based developer of solar thermal power plants....

  20. Al Tayyar Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Al Tayyar Energy Place: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Provides development capital and equity investments...

  1. Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Council Name: Supreme Petroleum Council Place: Abu Dhabi Country: United Arab Emirates Website: www.abudhabi.aeegovPoolPortal Coordinates: 24.4615061518, 54.3242812157...

  2. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi...

  3. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook

    that maximize distillate output, and the expanded Ruwais refinery in the United Arab Emirates began to export distillate in 2015. This year, however, because of weaker global...

  4. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook

    table below indicates, Persian Gulf producers (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Iran) appear to have accounted for 80 percent of the overall cutback over...

  5. Microsol International Fze | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Microsol International Fze Place: Fujairah,, United Arab Emirates Sector: Solar Product: Manufacturer of solar cells, both mono and multi crystalline....

  6. Frequently Asked Questions about Natural Gas Regulation | Department...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    from Algeria, Trinidad & Tobago, Qatar, Malaysia, Australia, and the United Arab Emirates and exported to Japan aboard ocean going tankers. The Quarterly Report Page can give...

  7. Mubadala Development Company | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mubadala Development Company Place: United Arab Emirates Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( State-owned commercial...

  8. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Total OPEC Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included Ecuador in 1978-1992 ...

  9. untitled

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  10. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  11. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  12. untitled

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  13. --No Title--

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  14. --No Title--

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes...

  15. untitled

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

  16. --No Title--

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  17. Eurostar Solar Energy ESE | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Eurostar Solar Energy ESE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eurostar Solar Energy (ESE) Place: Dubai, United Arab Emirates Sector: Solar Product: Dubai-based PV module and solar...

  18. Secretary Chu to Attend Second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Secretary Chu to Attend ... million people without access to grid electricity by 2015, and help encourage women to ...

  19. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    business leaders in Jordan. He will also travel to the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Egypt, to continue dialogues with global leaders, enhance the United States' relationship...

  20. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook

    would not reach consuming countries until December or later. In addition, due to maintenance, some oil production from the United Arab Emirates was unavailable during much of...

  1. Masdar Institute of Science and Technology | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Institute of Science and Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Masdar Institute of Science and Technology Place: United Arab Emirates Product: Cooperative agreement between...

  2. Vela | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Logo: Vela Name: Vela Place: Dubai, United Arab Emirates Sector: Oil and Gas Product: marine transportation for refined products and crude oi Year Founded:...

  3. Office of Communication - Brochures Available

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Tadjikistan Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks & Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United...

  4. Minerals Yearbook, 1988. The mineral industries of the Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf countries. International review

    SciTech Connect

    Michalski, B.; Antonides, L.E.; Morgan, G.A.

    1988-01-01

    The document contains commodity reviews (metals, mineral fuels, industrial minerals where applicable) for the following countries: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, People's Democratic Republic of Yeman, and Yeman Arab Republic.

  5. Oil dependence and Thai foreign-policy behavior during the Arab-Israeli war of October 1973

    SciTech Connect

    Keophumihae, S.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explain Thai foreign-policy behavior toward the Arab-Israeli conflict during the Arab oil embargo of 1973-1974 in the wake of the October 1973 War. The major hypothesis is that Thai foreign policy behavior shifted from a neutral to a pro-Arab position after the Arab oil embargo. This shift was motivated by Thai oil-import dependence on OAPEC (Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries). Oil has assumed an economic as well as a political dimension. Therefore, its political influence over the oil-dependent states cannot be dismissed. Thai foreign-policy behavior in the Arab-Israeli conflict is analyzed through the use of the dependence approach, which contends that external reliance is a potent factor for explaining behavior of actors. Thailand's foreign-policy stand is first delineated through the use of documents containing policy statements by Thai delegates to the United Nations. It was found that although Thai public policy statements were never bluntly anti-Israel, they moved from between neutrality before the oil crisis to a pro-Arab position after the oil crisis of 1973-1974. This shift of Thailand's foreign policy behavior position was then measured against its UN voting records. Results of the voting analysis indicated that the shifting of Thai foreign policy behavior during the October war was motivated by Thailand's oil-import dependence.

  6. An analysis framework for characterizing and explaining development of EIA legislation in developing countries-Illustrated for Georgia, Ghana and Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    Kolhoff, Arend J.; Driessen, Peter P.J.; Runhaar, Hens A.C.

    2013-01-15

    Actors in the field of international development co-operation supporting the development of EIA legislation in developing countries often do not achieve the results envisaged. The performance of EIA in these countries often remains weak. One reason, we assume, is that often those actors support the establishment of overly ambitious EIA legislation that cannot achieve its objectives in the light of constraining contexts. To provide more effective support we need to better understand the enabling and constraining contextual factors that influence the development of EIA legislation and to which support actors should align itself. In this article a new analysis framework for classifying, characterizing and explaining the development of EIA legislation is described, measured in terms of ambition levels. Ambitions are defined as intentions the EIA authorities aim to fulfill, expressed in formal EIA legislation. Three country cases, Yemen, Georgia and Ghana are used to illustrate the usefulness of our framework and as a first test to refine the framework. We have formulated the following five hypotheses that complement and refine our analysis framework. One, EIA legislation may develop multilinearly in terms of ambition levels. Two, ambitions in EIA legislation seem to be influenced to a great extent by the power and capacity of, on the one hand, the environmental authorities supporting EIA and, on the other hand, the sector authorities hindering the development of EIA. Three, the political system is the most important context factor influencing the rules of policy-making and the power of the different actors involved. Four, the importance of context factors on the development of ambitions is dependent on the phase of EIA system development. Five, some ambitions seem to be influenced by particular factors; for instance the ambitions for the object of study seem to be influenced by the level of environmental awareness of the sector ministries and parliament. The analysis

  7. Political dynamics of economic sanctions: a case study of Arab oil embargoes

    SciTech Connect

    Daoudi, M.S.

    1981-01-01

    The general question is considered of the effectiveness of economic sanctions in international politics, in terms of the Arabs' use of oil as a political weapon in 1956, 1967, and 1973. Chapter 3 focuses on the impact of the interruption of oil supplies to Western Europe throughout the 1956 Suez crisis. By 1967, pressure on the conservative governing elites of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Libya, and the Gulf Sheikdoms obliged these states to join Iraq and Algeria in imposing production cutbacks and an embargo. Yet the conservative regimes' ties to the West, and the control exerted by multinational oil corporations over all phases of their oil industry, insured that the embargo was not enforced. Chapter 4 explains historically how, by the late 1960s, relinquishment of old concessions, nationalization acts, and participation agreements had caused a decline in the multinationals' domination of the oil industry. The rise of OPEC and OAPEC, which by 1970 had united and organized the producing governments, channeled their demands, and created an international forum for their political grievances, is discussed. Chapter 5 considers how by 1973 international and Arab political developments had forced states like Saudi Arabia, which had sought to dissociate oil and politics, to unsheathe the oil weapon and wave it in the faces of their Western allies. The author concludes from analysis of these complex cases that scholarship has exaggerated the inefficacy of sanctions. The effectiveness of sanctions is seen to depend upon how the demands are formulated and presented and to what extent they can be negotiated, as well as upon the sociopolitical, cultural, and psychological characteristics of the target population.

  8. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9103UA3" "Date","Price of U.S....

  9. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    from September 2008 production levels. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Qatar accounted for about three-fourths of the 2.6 million bbld of actual...

  10. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Middle East. Long-time Middle East exporters, Oman and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates, have sent and continue to send most of their gas to Asia-Pacific customers, a...

  11. TABLE37.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500 barrels per day. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components...

  12. MirraSol | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    MirraSol Jump to: navigation, search Name: MirraSol Place: United Arab Emirates Product: Company started up in early 2007 to develop parabolic trough STEG projects. References:...

  13. TABLE42.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500 barrels per day. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components...

  14. Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from United...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates (Dollars per ... U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports ...

  15. Dolphin Energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Trade Center Building Place: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Sector: Oil and Gas Product: Natural Gas Year Founded: 1999 Phone Number: +971 2 6995500 Website: www.dolphinenergy.com...

  16. Barton V. Barnhart, P.E., PMP, CFM | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    During his 25-year engineer officer career he commanded squadrons in the United Arab Emirates, Nebraska, Japan, and Iraq, and served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and ...

  17. Middle East oil and gas

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-12-01

    The following subjects are covered in this publication: (1) position of preeminence of the Middle East; (2) history of area's oil operations for Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, neutral zone, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Egypt; (3) gas operations of Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq and United Arab Emirates; (4) changing relationships with producing countries; (5) a new oil pricing environment; (6) refining and other industrial activities; and (7) change and progress. 10 figs., 12 tabs.

  18. U.S. LNG Imports from Yemen

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    38,897 60,071 19,595 11,024 8,006 7,441 2007-2015 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices 4.61 5.31 4.81 7.22 5.88 9.10 2007

  19. U.S. LNG Imports from Yemen

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    8,503 4,693 5,087 7,520 5,703 7,998 1997-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices 3.25 3.23 3.36 3.11 3.15 3.17 1997

    73-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices -- -- -- -- -- -- 1996

    10-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices -- -- -- -- -- -- 2010

  20. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - WIPPRecovery

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy Tsinghua Slideshow final for distribution (2) Microsoft PowerPoint - Tsinghua Slideshow final for distribution (2) Microsoft PowerPoint - Tsinghua Slideshow final for distribution (2) (4.67 MB) More Documents & Publications Microsoft PowerPoint - Final translated version of Tsinghua Speech Idaho Operations AMWTP Fact Sheet Methane Hydrate R&D

    Innovation that Can Make a Difference Secretary Steven Chu Emirates Palace Hotel Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 24

  2. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to United Arab Emirates (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next

  3. The blue helmets. A review of United Nations peace-keeping

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    This book discusses the United Nations' peace-keeping operations, reviews the Organization's role in the Arab-Israeli conflict, in India/Pakistan, and other UN observation operations in Lebanon, Yemen, and the Dominican Republic. Also discussed are UN operations in the Congo and in Cyprus and the UN Temporary Executive Authority and the UN Secuirty Force in West New Guinea.

  4. Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

    1988-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  5. Yemen Ministry of Oil and Minerals | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Website contains some content in English. Associated Organizations Yemeni Company for Oil-Product Distribution Petroleum Exploration and Production Authority Safr Company for...

  6. The Rise and Decline of U.S. Private Sector Investments in Energy R&D since the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973

    SciTech Connect

    Dooley, James J.

    2010-11-01

    This paper presents two distinct datasets that describe investments in energy research and development (R&D) by the US private sector since the mid1970s, which is when the US government began to systematically collect these data. The first dataset is based upon a broad survey of more than 20,000 firms’ industrial R&D activities. This broad survey of US industry is coordinated by the US National Science Foundation. The second dataset discussed here is a much narrower accounting of the energy R&D activities of the approximately two dozen largest US oil and gas companies conducted by the US Department of Energy’s Energy Information Agency. Even given the large disparity in the breadth and scope of these two surveys of the private sector’s support for energy R&D, both datasets tell the same story in terms of the broad outlines of the private sector’s investments in energy R&D since the mid 1970s. The broad outlines of the US private sector’s support for energy R&D since the mid 1970s is: (1) In the immediate aftermath of the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973, there is a large surge in US private sector investments in energy R&D that peaked in the period between 1980 and 1982 at approximately $3.7 billion to $6.7 billion per year (in inflation adjusted 2010 US dollars) depending upon which survey is used (2) Private sector investments in energy R&D declined from this peak until bottoming out at approximately $1.8 billion to $1 billion per year in 1999; (3) US private sector support for energy R&D has recovered somewhat over the past decade and stands at $2.2 billion to $3.4 billion. Both data sets indicate that the US private sector’s support for energy R&D has been and remains dominated by fossil energy R&D and in particular R&D related to the needs of the oil and gas industry.

  7. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Arab Emirates Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 September 2015 September 2015 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee

  8. Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Net Imports by Country Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Gabon Indonesia Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman

  9. U.S. Imports from All Countries

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Imports by Country of Origin Import Area: U.S. Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Gabon Indonesia Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria

  10. SREL Reprint #3212

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Gastrophyryne carolinensis (Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad). Predation Thomas M. Luhring1,2 and Zachary D. Ross1,3 1Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29802, USA 2University of Missouri, Division of Biological Sciences, 105 Tucker Hall, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA 3New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Summary: Gastrophryne carolinensis are toxic to many predators, which will often refuse to eat them, and few firsthand accounts of G.

  11. Upcoming Reports & Publications - U.S. Energy Information Administration

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    (EIA) Upcoming Reports & Publications Annual November 2016 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity December 2016 Annual Coal Report Annual Coal Distribution Report Electric Power Annual Japan Country Analysis Brief Mexico Country Analysis Brief Saudi Arabia Country Analysis Brief South Korea Country Analysis Brief State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions United Arab Emirates Country Analysis

  12. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3b : Non-OPEC Petroleum and Other Liquids Supply (Million Barrels per Day) Either scripts and active content are not permitted to run or Adobe Flash Player version ${version_major}.${version_minor}.${version_revision} or greater is not installed. Get Adobe Flash Player - = no data available OPEC = Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Venezuela. Notes: The

  13. A New Center for Organic Electronics at Masdar Institute | Stanford

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource A New Center for Organic Electronics at Masdar Institute Friday, August 2, 2013 - 10:00am SLAC, Conference Room 137-322 Presented by Samuele Lilliu Masdar Institute is a graduate level, research-oriented university, which is focused on alternative energy, sustainability, and the environment. It is located in Masdar City in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The project here outlined focuses on improving the performance of organic/hybrid bulk heterojunction

  14. Office

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2 Prepared by: Office of Regulation and International Engagement Division of Natural Gas Regulation Natural Gas Imports and Exports First Quarter Report 2016 LNG Trinidad and Tobago Mexico LNG Brazil United Kingdom Barbados India United Arab Emirates Canada NATURAL GAS IMPORTS AND EXPORTS FIRST QUARTER REPORT 2016 Division of Natural Gas Regulation Office of Regulation and International Engagement Office of Oil & Natural Gas Office of Fossil Energy U.S. Department of Energy 202-586-7991

  15. NREL: International Activities - Bilateral Partnerships

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Printable Version Bilateral Partnerships NREL partners with more than 50 countries around the world to advance development and use of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies: Angola Argentina Australia Bangladesh Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Gabon Haiti India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Mexico North America Philippines Saudi Arabia U.S. Pacific Territories United Arab Emirates Vietnam Asia Bangladesh Under sponsorship from the U.S. Agency for International

  16. Updated Workflows Enhance New LHC Era

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    (EIA) Upcoming Reports & Publications Annual November 2016 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity December 2016 Annual Coal Report Annual Coal Distribution Report Electric Power Annual Japan Country Analysis Brief Mexico Country Analysis Brief Saudi Arabia Country Analysis Brief South Korea Country Analysis Brief State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions United Arab Emirates Country Analysis

  17. Middle East: Iran isn't missed much

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    A concerted effort to further develop productive capacity is evident in most Middle Eastern Countries, through exploration, field development, and secondary recovery. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Abu Dhabi all plan expanded petroleum industry programs in 1980. Oil production in Saudi Arabia through the first one-half of 1980 averaged 9.5 million bpd, and the Saudis are proceeding with the large-scale associated gas utilization and industrialization program. Iraq's near-term interest is in development of the Majnoon Discovery. Abu Dhabi is continuing efforts to complete development of a giant offshore field and finalize an onshore/offshore associated gas utilization facility. Only Iran and Kuwait are expected to be relatively inactive in petroleum programs during the remainder of 1980. Individual country reports are presented for Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, Kuwait, the Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, South Yemen, and Yemen Arab Republic.

  18. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  19. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Million Cubic Feet)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 5,948 3,085 2,611 5,013 8,319 5,067 5,975 2,879 2011 2,688 5,591 5,465 5,958 5,608 2,869 9,095 8,728 8,646 5,424 2012 2,805 2,765 2,721 2,589 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,899 5,816 2013 2,728 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,763 2,806 0 2,728 2014 2,329 0 0 0 2,806 0 0 0 2,871 0 0 0 2015 2,234 2,373 2,834 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

  20. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0.00 5.29 4.53 4.44 4.53 4.82 5.15 3.32 4.64 2011 4.64 4.58 4.21 4.29 4.88 9.98 6.55 4.38 6.79 3.68 2012 3.68 3.03 2.80 2.85 -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.10 8.37 2013 4.59 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7.70 7.81 -- 8.75 2014 5.90 -- -- -- 5.99 -- -- -- 5.75 -- -- -- 2015 10.88 9.41 7.42 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

  1. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Million Cubic...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 38,897 60,071 19,595 11,024 8,006 7,441

  2. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Dollars...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 4.61 5.31 4.81 7.22 5.88 9.10

  3. Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Yemen (Dollars...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 4.23 5.77 -- -- -- --

  4. Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Yemen (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3.93 4.07 3.53 11.55

  5. Everett, MA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Yemen (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 4.76 4.46 3.52 7.22 5.88 9.10

  6. Everett, MA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Yemen (Dollars per

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.64 4.58 4.21 4.68 4.88 4.84 4.85 4.11 3.68 2012 3.68 3.03 2.80 2.85 4.10 4.57 2013 4.59 7.70 7.81 8.75 2014 5.90 5.99 5.75 2015 10.88 9.41 7.42

  7. Freeport, TX LNG Imports (Price) from Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 10.30 12.00 -- -- --

  8. Freeport, TX LNG Imports (Price) from Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 9.98 10.60 2012 12.00

  9. Jebel Ali Hotel PV lighting systems

    SciTech Connect

    Ellis, M.

    1984-05-01

    A large stand-alone PV lighting project was installed in June 1983 at the Jebel Ali Hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. A high mast lighting system provides illumination for a 130 meter diameter traffic roundabout. The high mast system is powered by a 15 kilowatt peak array of Mobil Solar ribbon PV modules. Along the 700 meter access road leading to the hotel entrance, twenty-one PV powered streetlights provide low-level lighting. Each streetlight consists of a 20 watt fluorescent tube powered by two 35 Wp modules. Operation of both systems is completely automatic. Design, installation, and operating experience to date are reviewed.

  10. Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall hosts 2016 U.S.- UAE Strategic Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Dialogue | Department of Energy hosts 2016 U.S.- UAE Strategic Energy Dialogue Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall hosts 2016 U.S.- UAE Strategic Energy Dialogue November 1, 2016 - 5:55pm Addthis Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall hosts 2016 U.S.- UAE Strategic Energy Dialogue Washington, DC, October 31, 2016 - The United States of America and the United Arab Emirates today reaffirmed their shared commitment to a strong bilateral relationship during the U.S.-UAE Strategic Energy Dialogue held

  11. IA Blog Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Blog Archive IA Blog Archive RSS November 1, 2016 IA Blog Archive Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall hosts 2016 U.S.- UAE Strategic Energy Dialogue Washington, DC, October 31, 2016 - The United States of America and the United Arab Emirates today reaffirmed their shared commitment to a strong bilateral relationship during the U.S.-UAE Strategic Energy Dialogue held at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in Washington, D.C. U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Dr. Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall and UAE

  12. U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Visits U.A.E. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Bodman Visits U.A.E. U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Visits U.A.E. November 12, 2005 - 2:24pm Addthis ABU DHABI, U.A.E. -Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today visited the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), the first stop in his four-nation swing through the Middle East. Secretary Bodman expressed his gratitude, on behalf of the United States, to the U.A.E. for their support and contributions to those affected by the hurricanes that hit the Gulf of Mexico region earlier this year, and their

  13. U.S. and UAE Bolster Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Energy and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Nonproliferation | Department of Energy Bolster Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation U.S. and UAE Bolster Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation February 24, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis ABU DHABI - As part of a trip to strengthen partnerships in the Middle East, today U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu signed an Implementing Arrangement on peaceful uses of nuclear energy with the United Arab Emirates' Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Dr. Anwar

  14. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Frequently Requested Methodology Assessed resource basin map Summary tables (2015) Recent Updates Chad Kazakhstan Oman United Arab Emirates Previous Full Reports April 5, 2011 (16.8 mb) June 13, 2013 (64.9 mb) World Shale Resource Assessments Last updated: September 24, 2015 This series of reports provides an initial assessment of world shale oil and shale gas resources. The first edition was released in 2011 and updates are released on an on-going basis. Four countries were added in 2014: Chad,

  15. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Frequently Requested Methodology Assessed resource basin map Summary tables (2015) Recent Updates Chad Kazakhstan Oman United Arab Emirates Previous Full Reports April 5, 2011 (16.8 mb) June 13, 2013 (64.9 mb) World Shale Resource Assessments Last updated: September 24, 2015 This series of reports provides an initial assessment of world shale oil and shale gas resources. The first edition was released in 2011 and updates are released on an on-going basis. Four countries were added in 2014: Chad,

  16. Neptune Deepwater Port Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Neptune Deepwater Port Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) from Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 ...

  17. DOE HANDBOOK

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... In addition, employees traveling to Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, and certain parts ... In addition, those traveling to Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, certain parts of ...

  18. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","Everett, MA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic ...

  19. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (MMcf)","Everett, MA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Million Cubic Feet)","Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural ...

  20. OPEC: 10 years after the Arab oil boycott

    SciTech Connect

    Cooper, M.H.

    1983-09-23

    OPEC's dominance over world oil markets is waning 10 years after precipitating world-wide energy and economic crises. The 1979 revolution in Iran and the start of the Iranian-Iraqi war in 1980 introduced a second shock that caused oil importers to seek non-OPEC supplies and emphasize conservation. No breakup of the cartel is anticipated, however, despite internal disagreements over production and price levels. Forecasters see OPEC as the major price setter as an improved economy increases world demand for oil. Long-term forecasts are even more optimistic. 24 references, 2 figures, 2 tables. (DCK)

  1. U.S. Products Imports

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2,580 2,501 2,071 2,129 1,897 2,086 1973-2015 Persian Gulf 17 13 16 15 24 19 1993-2015 OPEC* 354 347 240 227 232 221 1993-2015 Algeria 182 181 122 86 104 105 1993-2015 Angola 10 11 11 14 15 13 1994-2015 Ecuador 2 2 4 4 2 5 1993-2015 Gabon 0 1 1 2 2 1993-2015 Indonesia 4 1 2 5 5 5 1993-2015 Iraq 0 0 2004-2013 Kuwait 1 1 2 2 2 0 1993-2015 Libya 27 6 5 15 2 4 2004-2015 Nigeria 39 51 36 42 34 26 1993-2015 Qatar 1 1 5 7 9 8 1995-2015 Saudi Arabia 14 8 4 4 7 7 1993-2015 United Arab Emirates 1 3 3 1 0

  2. Word Pro - S11

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    70 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2016 Table 11.1a World Crude Oil Production: Selected OPEC Members (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria Angola Ecuador Indo- nesia Iran Iraq Kuwait a Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia a United Arab Emirates Vene- zuela Total OPEC b 1973 Average ................ 1,097 162 209 1,339 5,861 2,018 3,020 2,175 2,054 570 7,596 1,533 3,366 R 31,150 1975 Average ................ 983 165 161 1,307 5,350 2,262 2,084 1,480 1,783 438

  3. Rocky Mountain Research Station and LANL build

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History All Countries 89,636 82,068 91,687 95,299 95,725 107,024 1981-2015 Persian Gulf 1995-2002 OPEC* 6 7 2005-2012 Algeria 6 2007-2010 Nigeria 1995-2002 United Arab Emirates 1995-2002 Venezuela 7 2005-2012 Non OPEC* 89,630 82,068 91,680 95,299 95,725 107,024 1993-2015 Brazil 8 2006-2010 Canada 89,615 82,068 91,662 95,299 95,725 107,024 1993-2015 Egypt 18 2012-2012 Mexico 1995-2006 Norway 2007-2007 Russia 7 2010-2010 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable;

  4. Super-giant oil fields and future prospects in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect

    Christian, L.; Johnston, D.

    1995-06-01

    Upper Jurassic carbonates, Lower Cretaceous sands, Lower Cretaceous carbonates and Tertiary carbonates of the Middle East contain more than 50% of the worlds oil. Our area of interest covers SE Turkey and Syria in the north to the borders of Yemen and Oman in the south, and from the Red Sea across Saudi Arabia, the Emirates and the Arabian/Persian Gulf to Iran in the East. There are over 80 fields in this region with over 1 billion barrels of recoverable reserves. Yet only around 30,000 wells have been drilled in this territory. Regional structure and stratigraphy are discussed within the context of three major plays in the region as well as a new play in the Permo-Carboniferous. Numerous opportunities are available and countries such as Iraq and Iran may one day open their doors more to the industry than is presently the case. The dramatic petroleum geology of the region will stamp its influence on the nature of business and opportunities for years to come. While fiscal systems here already offer some of the toughest terms in the world, future deals in the more prolific areas will be even tougher. But, the economies of Middle Eastern scale will provide some of the great mega-opportunities of future international exploration.

  5. International Oil and Gas Board International Oil and Gas Board...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Petroleum Company Syrian Petroleum Company Damascus Syria Syria http www spc sy com en production activities1 en php Yemen Ministry of Oil and Minerals Yemen Ministry of Oil and...

  6. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas ... U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Yemen (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","Price ...

  7. Microsoft Word - LNG_Jan2007.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook

    countries (Equatorial Guinea, Norway, and Yemen). * Recent competition from buyers in ... New supplies are expected to come online in Yemen by late 2008. Again, much of the LNG is ...

  8. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From The United Arab...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's -- -- -- 3.46 3.74 2.63 3.03 2000's 3.53 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2010's...

  9. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  10. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  11. SESAME, A 3rd Generation Synchrotron Light Source for the Middle East

    SciTech Connect

    Einfeld, D.; Hasnain, S.S.; Sayers, Z.; Schopper, H.; Winick, H.; Al-Dmour, E.

    2004-05-12

    Developed under the auspices of UNESCO, SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East) will be a major international research centre in the Middle East and Mediterranean region. On 6th of January 2003, the official foundation of SESAME took place. The facility is located in Allan, Jordan, 30 km North-West of Amman. As of August 2003 the Founding Members are Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey and United Arabic Emirates, representing a population of over 300 million. SESAME will be a 2.5 GeV 3rd Generation light source (emittance 24.6 nm.rad, circumference {approx}125m). About 40% of the circumference is available for insertion devices (average length 2.75m) in 13 straight sections. Beam lines are up to 36m. The site and a building are provided by Jordan. Construction started in August 2003. The scientific program will start with up to 6 beam lines: MAD Protein Crystallography, SAXS and WAXS for polymers and proteins, Powder Diffraction for material science, UV/VUV/SXR Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Photoabsorption Spectroscopy, IR Spectroscopy, and EXAFS.

  12. Neutral monosaccharides from a hypersaline tropical environment: Applications to the characterization of modern and ancient ecosystems

    SciTech Connect

    Moers, M.E.C.; Larter, S.R. )

    1993-07-01

    Surficial and buried sediment samples from a hypersaline lagoon-sabkha system (Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates) were analyzed for carbohydrates (as neutral monosaccharides) to distinguish and characterize various types of recent and ancient tropical ecosystems on a molecular level. The samples consisted of surficial and buried microbial mats, lagoonal sediments containing seagrass (Halodule uninervis), and mangrove (Avicennia marine) paleosoils and handpicked mangrove leaves, ranging in age from contemporary to ca. 6000 yr BP. Analysis of quantitative neutral monosaccharide data by multivariate techniques shows that various groups can be distinguished: intact vascular plant material (mangrove leaf) contains high amounts of arabinose and glucose and hardly any partially methylated monosaccharides, whereas microbial mats in general and lagoonal seagrass sediments show high contributions of fucose, ribose, mannose, galactose, and partially methylated monosaccharides. Moreover, surficial microbial mats consisting of filamentous cyanobacteria (Microcoleus chtonoplastes, Lyngbya aestuarii) can be distinguished from other mats and sediments containing coccoid cyanobacteria (Entophysalis major) and/or fermenting, sulphate reducing, and methanogenic bacteria on the basis of high contributions of specific groups of partially methylated monosaccharides and other [open quotes]minor[close quotes] saccharides. The neutral monosaccharides present in mangrove paleosoils are for a substantial part derived from microorganisms. 22 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  13. Public-Private roundtables at the fourth Clean Energy Ministerial, 17-18 April 2013, New Delhi, India

    SciTech Connect

    Crowe, Tracey

    2013-06-30

    The Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) is a high-level global forum to share best practices and promote policies and programs that advance clean energy technologies and accelerate the transition to a global clean energy economy. The CEM works to increase energy efficiency, expand clean energy supply, and enhance clean energy access worldwide. To achieve these goals, the CEM pursues a three-part strategy that includes high-level policy dialogue, technical cooperation, and engagement with the private sector and other stakeholders. Each year, energy ministers and other high-level delegates from the 23 participating CEM governments come together to discuss clean energy, review clean energy progress, and identify tangible next steps to accelerate the clean energy transition. The U.S. Department of Energy, which played a crucial role in launching the CEM, hosted the first annual meeting of energy ministers in Washington, DC, in June 2010. The United Arab Emirates hosted the second Clean Energy Ministerial in 2011, and the United Kingdom hosted the third Clean Energy Ministerial in 2012. In April 2013, India hosted the fourth Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM4) in New Delhi. Key insights from CEM4 are summarized in the report. It captures the ideas and recommendations of the government and private sector leaders who participated in the discussions on six discussion topics: reducing soft costs of solar PV; energy management systems; renewables policy and finance; clean vehicle adoption; mini-grid development; and power systems in emerging economies.

  14. Three-dimensional modeling of an aeolian dune/interdune system: Applications to hydrocarbon production

    SciTech Connect

    Pugh, J.M.; Glennie, K.W.; Williams, B.P.J. (Univ. of Aberdeen, Aberdeen (United Kingdom))

    1993-09-01

    The Al Liwa region of the northeast Rub Al Khali, United Arab Emirates, comprises compound crescentic draa and subcircular inland sabkhas that are flanked to their north by a sand sea of smaller dunes extending almost to the coast of the Arabian Gulf. This controlled the supply of sand from the north and influenced water-table positions within interdune areas. The draa, up to 170 m high, comprise both fine and coarse sands with a strong carbonate component, and are migrating very slowly to the south-southeast. The evaporite-encrusted interdune sabkhas often are underlain by foreset dune sands that also indicate transport to the south-southeast. The northern fringe of smaller dunes migrates southward more rapidly than the draa, but their northern supply of sand now has been cut off by flooding of the Gulf, initiating the deflation of coastal areas down to the water table. A deep-penetrating radar survey, coupled with large-scale trenching, provides a three-dimensional model of dune/interdune systems. This fieldwork aids a clearer understanding of dune/interdune heterogeneities and interconnectedness, which in turn is providing more realistic reservoir models for interwell simulation studies within the Permian Rotliegende gas fields of northwest Europe.

  15. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Husseini, M.; Chimblo, R.

    1995-08-01

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  16. Katherine F. Crouch | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) in Asia, Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia, including Libya, China, Taiwan, Singapore, UAE, Yemen, India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. ...

  17. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Products (Thousand Barrels)","Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Yemen of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)" 29601,35186 29632,31620 ...

  18. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Products (Thousand Barrels)","Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Yemen of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)" 29767,318344 30132,280046 ...

  19. Katherine F. Crouch (Acting) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) in Asia, Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia, including Libya, China, Taiwan, Singapore, UAE, Yemen, India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. ...

  20. OPEC and lower oil prices: Impacts on production capacity, export refining, domestic demand and trade balances

    SciTech Connect

    Fesharaki, F.; Fridley, D.; Isaak, D.; Totto, L.; Wilson, T.

    1988-12-01

    The East-West Center has received a research grant from the US Department of Energy's Office of Policy, Planning, and Analysis to study the impact of lower oil prices on OPEC production capacity, on export refineries, and petroleum trade. The project was later extended to include balance-of-payments scenarios and impacts on OPEC domestic demand. As the study progressed, a number of preliminary presentations were made at the US Department of Energy in order to receive feedback from DOE officials and to refine the focus of our analysis. During one of the presentations on June 4, 1987, the then Director of Division of Oil and Gas, John Stanley-Miller, advised us to focus our work on the Persian Gulf countries, since these countries were of special interest to the United States Government. Since then, our team has visited Iran, the United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia and obtained detailed information from other countries. The political turmoil in the Gulf, the Iran/Iraq war, and the active US military presence have all worked to delay the final submission of our report. Even in countries where the United States has close ties, access to information has been difficult. In most countries, even mundane information on petroleum issues are treated as national secrets. As a result of these difficulties, we requested a one-year no cost extension to the grant and submitted an Interim Report in May 1988. As part of our grant extension request, we proposed to undertake additional tasks which appear in this report. 20 figs., 21 tabs.

  1. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    SciTech Connect

    Park, Won Young; Phadke, Amol; Shah, Nihar; Letschert, Virginie

    2011-07-01

    , the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. More information on SEAD is available from its website at http://www.superefficient.org/.

  2. Modeling and comparative assessment of municipal solid waste gasification for energy production

    SciTech Connect

    Arafat, Hassan A. Jijakli, Kenan

    2013-08-15

    Highlights: • Study developed a methodology for the evaluation of gasification for MSW treatment. • Study was conducted comparatively for USA, UAE, and Thailand. • Study applies a thermodynamic model (Gibbs free energy minimization) using the Gasify software. • The energy efficiency of the process and the compatibility with different waste streams was studied. - Abstract: Gasification is the thermochemical conversion of organic feedstocks mainly into combustible syngas (CO and H{sub 2}) along with other constituents. It has been widely used to convert coal into gaseous energy carriers but only has been recently looked at as a process for producing energy from biomass. This study explores the potential of gasification for energy production and treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW). It relies on adapting the theory governing the chemistry and kinetics of the gasification process to the use of MSW as a feedstock to the process. It also relies on an equilibrium kinetics and thermodynamics solver tool (Gasify®) in the process of modeling gasification of MSW. The effect of process temperature variation on gasifying MSW was explored and the results were compared to incineration as an alternative to gasification of MSW. Also, the assessment was performed comparatively for gasification of MSW in the United Arab Emirates, USA, and Thailand, presenting a spectrum of socioeconomic settings with varying MSW compositions in order to explore the effect of MSW composition variance on the products of gasification. All in all, this study provides an insight into the potential of gasification for the treatment of MSW and as a waste to energy alternative to incineration.

  3. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Background Membership "ESCWA comprises 14 Arab countries in Western Asia: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  4. State Department's TechWomen 2012 Visit NERSC

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... This year, TechWomen brought a total of 41 women working in the technology sector from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Tunisia and Yemen to ...

  5. Workbook Contents

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... Products (Thousand Barrels)","East Coast (PADD 1) Imports by PADD of Processing from Yemen of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)" 29601,83196 29632,73988 ...

  6. Y-12 Times, February 2009

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... In November, gunmen stormed multiple locations in Mumbai, killing more than 170 people. In September, there was a coordinated attack on the U.S. embassy in Yemen. The attack, which ...

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2015_HAB_Survey_Results_v1.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Summer Transportation Fuels O tl k Outlook April 10, 2012 www.eia.gov U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis Key factors driving the short-term outlook * Recovery in Libyan production but lower crude oil exports from South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen and uncertainty over from South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen and uncertainty over the level and security of supply from Iran and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa region. * Decline in consumption in

  8. Economic diplomacy. The political dynamics of oil leverage

    SciTech Connect

    Daoudi, M.S.; Dajani, M.S.

    1985-01-01

    This study probes the 1973-1974 Arab oil embargo, detailing its history, the motivations that caused it and its ripple effect on world politics and the international economic order. The authors examine the interruption of oil supplies to Western Europe during the 1956 Suez Canal crisis, the growing momentum of Arab oil leverage beginning with the First Arab Petroleum Congress in 1959, the decline of the oil companies' domination of the petroleum industry, and the Arab political environment between the 1967 Arab defeat and the 1973 Arab oil embargo. The book concludes with a discussion of the lessons to be learned from the recent embargoes.

  9. SESAME - A 3rd Generation Synchrotron Light Source for the Middle East

    SciTech Connect

    Ulkue, Dincer; Rahighi, Javad; Winick, Herman

    2007-01-19

    SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East) will be the Middle East's first international research center. It is a cooperative venture by the scientists and governments of the region with founding members Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Pakistan, Palestine Authority, and Turkey. Iran is in the process of finalizing its formal membership. Other countries (Cyprus, Morocco, and the United Arab Emirates) are also expected to join. The permanent Council of member states has full responsibility for the project. Members provide the annual operating budget. Observer countries are Germany, Greece, Italy, Kuwait, Portugal, Russian Federation, Sweden, the UK, and the US. SESAME is being developed under the umbrella of UNESCO. Jordan was selected as the building site. SESAME will offer excellent opportunities for training of Middle East scientists and attract those working abroad to consider returning. SESAME will be a 2.5GeV 3rd Generation light source (emittance 26nm-rad, circumference {approx}133m), providing excellent performance for structural molecular biology, molecular environmental science, surface and interface science, microelectromechanical devices, x-ray imaging, archaeological microanalysis, and materials characterization. It will cover a broad spectral range from the infrared to hard x-rays and will have 12 straight sections for insertion devices (average length 2.75m). The injector will be the BESSY I 0.8 GeV booster synchrotron which has been given as a gift from Germany. Four committees advise the Council and assist in developing the technical design, beam lines, user community, and scientific Program. The SESAME building, now in construction with funds and a site provided by Jordan, is scheduled for completion in late 2006 after which the BESSY I injector will be installed. First stored beam in the new 2.5 GeV ring is planned for 2009 with six initial beamlines planned. Some beamlines will be built by member

  10. RETScreen International Clean Energy Project Analysis Tool |...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentretscreen-international-clean-energy- Language: String representation "English,Arabic, ... Urdu,Vietnamese" is too long. Policies:...

  11. Terms of reference (Mahreb power generation). Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-01

    The Government of Yemen has decided to use the Natural Gas discovered at Mareb for Power Generation by building a new power station plant with an initial installed capacity of 180MW plant utilizing open cycles gas turbines. The purpose of the study is to identify a least cost generation and transmission program (commencing with an initial 180MW open cycle gas turbine station) which will satisfy the forecast power demands of the Republic of Yemen (ROY) at minimum present value capital and operating cost over the period up to 2015 in accordance with agreed technical criteria.

  12. The unstable Gulf, Threats from within

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, L.G.

    1984-01-01

    Martin offers an analysis of disputes along the borders of countries in the Persian Gulf region and a description of the religious, ethnic, and ideological tensions among the peoples. The pros and cons of various options for protecting American interests are outlined. The discussion covers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, North and South Yemen, Oman, Soudi Arabia, U.A.E., Bahrain, and Qatar.

  13. Office of Fossil Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Norway - - - - - - 0.0 Qatar - - - - - - 0.0 Trinidad 12.0 9.6 8.5 4.7 5.1 7.5 47.4 Yemen - - - - - - 0.0 TOTAL 12.0 9.6 8.5 4.7 5.1 7.5 47.4 2016 Jan Feb March April May June ...

  14. Energy watchers 2

    SciTech Connect

    El Mallakh, D.H.

    1991-01-01

    This book covers topics of concern to the oil and natural gas industry. Topics include: OPEC in the '90s, investment in the Western hemisphere energy market, the oil industry in Mexico and the Yemen, the future of Soviet oil and gas in global energy markets, natural gas and oil in Norway and Canada, environmental regulations, and the greenhouse effect.

  15. Microsoft Word - figure_09_2016.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    3 Canada Mexico Figure 9. Flow of natural gas imports, 2015 (billion cubic feet) Source: Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. 12 50 674 190 United States 6 1 Trinidad/Tobago 12 Norway 6 Yemen 535 420 233 11 133 430 12 9 7 71 3

  16. Petroleum geology of the Gulf of Aden

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, R.B ); Sikander, A.H. ); Abouzakhm, A.G.

    1991-08-01

    Evaluation of eight wells (seven offshore and one onshore) in Yemen and nine wells (two offshore and seven onshore) in Somalia, and a regional interpretation of all geophysical data available from ministry files in Yemen and Somalia has been carried out under the auspices of the World Bank-executed Red Sea/Gulf of Aden Regional Hydrocarbon Study Project. A northwest-southeast pre-Oligocene structural trend affecting the onshore pre-rift Mesozoic and early Tertiary rocks has been overprinted in the offshore by an east-west-trending extensional fault system forming the Gulf of Aden, and segmented by a series of northeast-southwest-trending left-lateral sets of transform faults. Free oil 42-44 API was recovered from Sharmah-1 well from the Eocene Habshiya limestone in Yemen and from the Late Jurassic Wanderer limestone (10-35{degree} API) at Dagah Shabei-1 well in Somalia. Geochemical analyses performed on well cuttings and a review of company data identify oil-sourcing potential in the pre-rift Upper Jurassic, Lower to Upper Cretaceous, and Paleocene to Eocene in Yemen, and Upper Jurassic and Upper Cretaceous in Somalia. The geothermal gradients (3.5C/100m) and maturation data (vitrinite reflectance, thermal alteration index, and T{sub max}) in the Gulf of Aden wells in the Yemen and Somali offshore imply that the oil window is relatively shallow (1,750-3,500 m). Relatively thin Paleogene in the Gulf of Aden area suggests that the Mesozoic and Lower Tertiary sediments which contain multiple source and reservoir sequences are situated within the oil window, and thus are highly prospective for oil and gas.

  17. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  18. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  19. Slide15 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Multilingual Translations Translating ten languages, with potential for more Arabic Chinese German Deutsch English Spanish Espaol French Franais Japanese Korean Portuguese ...

  20. Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 | Department of Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    October 17, 1973, the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries declares an oil embargo, sparking the first "energy crisis." Read more March 28, 1979: Three Mile Island ...

  1. EnergyFiles | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    such as energy, medicine, agriculture, environment, and basic sciences. Multilingual translation capabilities are available for ten languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French,...

  2. Sandia to participate in the 7th Clean Energy Ministerial, June...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Ministerial, June 1 & 2, 2016 - Sandia Energy Energy ... Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water ... Arabia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United Arab ...

  3. doepresentation.dvi

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Oil Shocks and U.S. External Adjustment Martin Bodenstein, Christopher Erceg, Luca ... Iranian Revolution Arab- Israeli War Effects of An Oil Demand Shock that Drives the Price ...

  4. COMFAR III: Computer Model for Feasibility Analysis and Reporting...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  5. Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  6. NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  7. Canadian National Energy Use Database: Statistics and Analysis...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  8. LEDS Tool: Step-By-Step Guidance to a Long-Term Framework for...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  9. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  10. Freight Best Practice Website | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  11. Sustainable Logistics Website | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  12. Handbook of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  13. 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... ISET Institute for Solar Energy Technology (Institut ... the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (the ... degree of longitude, each cell has a terrain exposure ...

  14. Numerical modeling of aerial bursts and ablation melting of Libyan...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 58 GEOSCIENCES; ABLATION; DESERTS; GLASS; MELTING; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; LIBYAN ARAB ...

  15. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela 1,042 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC 38,164 55 4,512 0 0 94 94 Angola 950 0 0 0 0 0 0 Argentina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Aruba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  16. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela 1,098 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC 36,529 43 2,659 0 0 22 22 Angola 479 0 0 0 0 0 0 Argentina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Aruba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  17. Middle East: Output expansions boost drilling

    SciTech Connect

    1996-08-01

    Iraqi exports may return to the market in limited fashion, but none of the region`s producers seems particularly concerned. They believe that global oil demand is rising fast enough to justify their additions to productive capacity. The paper discusses exploration, drilling and development, and production in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Qatar, Syria, Turkey, and Sharjah. The paper also briefly mentions activities in Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, and Ras al Khaimah.

  18. Review: 1991 industry developments

    SciTech Connect

    1992-01-01

    This is NUEXCO`s annual summary of the previous year`s (1991) events. There are reviews of major nuclear developments in each continent, as well as international developments. Specific topics include fuels, waste management, new facilities, and decommissioning. Nuclear activities in the following countries are noted: South Africa, Yemen, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Namibia, France, Japan, Taiwan, China, Korea, India, Pakistan, Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Italy, Czechoslovakia, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, and Uraguay.

  19. Petroleum developments in Middle East countries in 1979

    SciTech Connect

    Hemer, D.O.; Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1980-11-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries in 1979 totaled 7,779,619,000 bbl at an average rate of 21,314,024 b/d, up 0.4% from 1978. Principal increases were in Iraq, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, and Saudi Arabia. Significant new discoveries were made in Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Abu Dhabi. New areas were explored in Oman, Syria, offshore South Yemen, Dubai, and Qatar.

  20. Mideast stays quiet but has vigor

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-05-01

    New drilling activity in the Middle East comes in the Egyptian Red Sea and at both Yemen and Qatar. The last in the scene of the giant North Dome gas development. Otherwise the Mideast sector is quiet with hard production ceilings demanded by OPEC and a war on the east coast of the gulf causing more confusion. A review of the current activity is presented.

  1. Somebody better find some rigs

    SciTech Connect

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries of the Middle East. Field development projects abound, as the larger exporting nations pursue ambitious policies of production expansion. However, their plans may be hampered by the growing worldwide shortage of rigs. Separate evaluations are given for Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Yemen, Syria, Dubai, Turkey, Sharjah, and briefly for Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, UAE-Ajman, and UAE-Ras al-Khaimah.

  2. Middle East

    SciTech Connect

    Hemer, D.O.; Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1981-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

  3. October, 1973: The First Energy Crisis

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    October 6, 1973The Yom Kippur War breaks out in the Middle East. October 17, 1973, the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries declares an oil embargo, sparking the first "energy crisis."

  4. FORMERLY UTILIZED SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    . FORMERLY UTILIZED SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM 'FOR , ELWINREPORT FOR&fERMCKINNEYTOOLANDMANUFACT@INGCC)&iPANY . 1688 ARAB,EkLA ROiD CL&VELAND,OHIO ,,, .I . .' , Jaquary ...

  5. Second workshop geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A paper copy of this document is also available for sale to the public from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA at www.ntis.gov. The Arab oil embargo of ...

  6. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Equatorial Guinea BG LNG Services, LLC 2288 FE06-05-LNG 010606 Arab Republic of Egypt BG LNG Services, LLC 2287 FE06-04-LNG 010606 Trinidad and Tobago BG LNG Services,...

  7. Microsoft Word - OUTLOOK_SNV_Dec09 edit dec 13 by mary.docx

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... However, oil-price shocks, first during the Arab oil embargo of 1973 and a subsequent decline in imports from the Middle East following the wake of the Iranian revolution in 1979, ...

  8. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  9. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

  10. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

  11. Arabian plate hydrocarbon geology and potential

    SciTech Connect

    Beydoun, Z.R.

    1991-01-01

    This book provides a thought-provoking, succinct presentation of the geologic evolution and hydrocarbon potential of the world's most prolific petroleum province. The fascinating subjects discussed and documented include: What are the unique geologic factors that make the Middle East such a prolific province Where are the future Mesozoic and Tertiary plays What is the virtually untapped potential of the Paleozoic section What are the play potentials for underexplored areas such as Jordan, Syria, Yemen How are deeper drilling results shaping and modifying concepts of the Arabian plate history and pointing the way to future hydrocarbon targets

  12. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984

    SciTech Connect

    Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed. 4 figures, 9 tables.

  13. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984

    SciTech Connect

    Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed.

  14. Institutional origins of the Department of Energy: the Federal Energy Administration

    SciTech Connect

    Anders, R.M.

    1980-11-01

    The Federal Energy Administration was the successor of the Federal Energy Office, a short-term organization created to coordinate the government's response to the Arab oil embargo. In October 1977, it became part of the Department of Energy. A brief history of the period from 1974 to 1977 specifically concerning these agencies is presented. Discussed are: the Arab Oil Embargo, the Federal Energy Office, the Federal Energy Administration, the Autumn Crisis (1974), Zarb Rebuilds the Agency, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, the Energy Conservation and Production Act, Program Growth, and Energy Reorganization. Records of the Federal Energy Administration are briefly presented.

  15. The Federal Energy Administration (Institutional Origins of the Department of Energy)

    DOE R&D Accomplishments

    Anders, R. M.

    1980-11-01

    The Federal Energy Administration was the successor of the Federal Energy Office, a short-term organization created to coordinate the government's response to the Arab oil embargo. In October 1977, it became part of the Department of Energy. A brief history of the period from 1974 to 1977 specifically concerning these agencies is presented. Discussed are: the Arab Oil Embargo, the Federal Energy Office, the Federal Energy Administration, the Autumn Crisis (1974), Zarb Rebuilds the Agency, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, the Energy Conservation and Production Act, Program Growth, and Energy Reorganization. Records of the Federal Energy Administration are briefly presented.

  16. Qatargas exporting LNG from Qatar`s new Ras Laffan Port

    SciTech Connect

    1997-02-24

    When the 135,000 cu m LNG carrier Al Zubarah departed Ras Laffan Port in December, Qatar entered a new era of commerce that will both boost the emirate`s economic development and influence energy trade around the world. The event capped more than a decade of planning, design, and construction of Ras Laffan Port--the world`s newest and largest LNG exporting facility. During the 1980s, the focus in Qatar was on exploration and development of North field, which holds the world`s largest reserves of nonassociated natural gas. In the 1990s, efforts concentrated on establishing a direct production and export link between North field, the new multi-billion-dollar Qatar Liquefied Gas Co. (Qatargas) gas liquefaction plant at Ras Laffan, and LNG export facilities at the 8.5 sq km Ras Laffan Port. Markets of the Far East will be first to be served by LNG from Ras Laffan Port. Two 25-year LNG supply contracts have been signed with buyers in Japan and South Korea, and negotiations are under way with potential customers from China, Taiwan, and Thailand. The paper describes the port, its operations, and export projects.

  17. Implementation of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in the defense logistics agency. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Holbrook, P.F.

    1981-07-01

    A brief synopsis of the impact of the 1973 Arab oil embargo on the economy and people of the United States is presented together with organizational problems that faced the Department of Energy in implementing the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. A review of the involvement of the Defense Logistics Agency in support of the reserve is presented from a budgetary and financial viewpoint.

  18. OPEC needs help from other exporters to balance market

    SciTech Connect

    Vielvoye, R.

    1988-11-14

    For the past 5 years the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries has been telling oil producers around the world that it can no longer carry the burden of trying to balance supply and demand without outside help. Non-OPEC exporters have, on several occasions, examined the benefits of sharing the burden of production cuts, but rightly have been nervous of close cooperation with an unpredictable and undisciplined competitor. Cooperation will certainly depend on OPEC reaching its own production cutting agreement. That must be done in a way that given non-OPEC countries confidence that any new production and pricing pact will not fall apart during the first half of next year. OPEC exports to the developing world have been trimmed by the advent of new producers. In most of these countries local production only eliminates or reduces imports. Few are in the class of North Yemen where the initial flow could meet local demand and provide a surplus for export.

  19. Exploration opportunities pop up around the world

    SciTech Connect

    Petzet, G.A.

    1993-04-26

    The traditional exploration cycle is in progress around the world, and many more exploration opportunities are becoming available than are being foreclosed. Yemen, for instance, is one of the few countries in the Middle East open to exploration by outside operators. Reserves were estimated at 4 billion bbl of oil on January 1, 1993, and the potential is widely believed to be much greater. Australia is opening 2 million acres offshore in the Vulcan sub-basin this month along with small parcels in the Bonaparte Gulf and more southerly basins. Several tracts have become available off Newfoundland, including two in proximity to giant Hibernia oil field scheduled for development this decade. Recent announcement of the first oil company licensing round in the Falkland Islands offshore has stimulated interest in that area. The paper discusses exploration potential in these four areas.

  20. Probabilistic estimates of the seismic ground-motion hazard in western Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect

    Thenhaus, P.C.; Algermissen, S.T.; Perkins, D.M.; Hanson, S.L.; Diment, W.H.

    1989-01-01

    Estimates of seismic horizontal ground acceleration and velocity having a 90 percent probability of nonexceedance in 100 yr in western Saudi Arabia indicate the highest relative levels of ground motion are expected in regions neighboring the Gulf of Aqaba and North Yemen. Estimated ground motions within the Arabia Shield are relatively low; whereas the central and northern coastal plan regions are characterized by intermediate-level ground-motion values that are governed by far-field effects of earthquakes in the central Red Sea Rift. The seismic hazard estimates were derived from regional seismic source zones that are based on interpretation relating potential seismic activity to the Precambrian through Tertiary structural framework of the region.

  1. Exploration growth outside U. S. to continue

    SciTech Connect

    Forrest, M.C. )

    1991-12-01

    International projects will be the major exploration focus during 1992. New opportunities continue to become available, as the world's governments and major national oil companies are changing their monopolistic policies to allow joint ventures within the industry. Exploration within the U.S. by major oil companies will continue to decrease, while the independents are expected to maintain modest prospecting activity. The opportunity to participate in a billion-barrel oil discovery will continue to attract both the major oil companies and independents to international exploration. A good example is the recently announced discovery in Colombia's Llanos basin. Large exploration programs are active currently in several countries that opened their doors to the industry in recent years-notably, Yemen, Myanmar, Peru and Algeria. This paper reports that these countries are under-explored, and the potential exists for large discoveries.

  2. Worldwide offshore effort at record level--will it continue

    SciTech Connect

    King, R.E.

    1982-07-01

    Worldwide offshore exxloration levels reached new highs during the past year. A large gas find was made off northern Norway at 72/sup 0/N lat. Oil was discovered off Abu Dhabi in the Persian Gulf, and off South Yemen and southeastern India. North Sea activity slowed because of increased taxes. Off the U.S., new frontier zones were leased, at water depths up to 7,000 feet. A large oil discovery was made off southern California. The Chinese continental shelf was opened for bidding. The world oil surplus and lower crude prices have resulted in budget trimming for offshore development and there will probably be a decline in overall exploration expenditures in 1982-1983.

  3. Major new foreign exploration plays during 1983-1987

    SciTech Connect

    Emmet, P.A.; Hedberg, J.D.; McIver, N.U.; Tyrrell, W.W. Jr.

    1988-01-01

    About 30 billion bbl of recoverable oil have been found in new foreign plays during the last 5 years; significant gas reserves also were found. Most of the foreign oil discoveries are in Mesozoic sandstone reservoirs onshore, but Marlim, the largest single field with estimated reserves of 2.5 billion bbl, is located offshore in the deep-water part of the Campos basin, Brazil. Approximately 8-10 billion bbl of oil were found in South America, 6 billion in the Near East, 5 billion in western Europe, 5 billion in Africa, 2 billion in Asia (outside the USSR), and 0.5-0.7 billion in Australasia. Some of the giant discoveries include: Cano Limo, Colombia (1983); Alif, North Yemen, and Draugen, Norway (1984); Marlim, Brazil, and Heidrun, Norway (1985); El Furrial, Venezuela (1986); and Musipan-1, Venezuela (1987). Most of these and several smaller discoveries are in new plays or trends.

  4. A satellite remote sensing technique for geological structure horizon mapping

    SciTech Connect

    Fraser, A.; Huggins, P.; Rees, J.

    1996-08-01

    A Satellite Remote Sensing Technique is demonstrated for generating near surface geological structure data. This technique enables the screening of large areas and targeting of seismic acquisition during hydrocarbon exploration. This is of particular advantage in terrains where surveying is logistically difficult. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data and a high resolution Digital Elevation Model (DEM), are used to identify and map outcropping horizons. These are used to reconstruct the near surface structure. The technique is applied in Central Yemen which is characterised by a {open_quote}layer-cake{close_quote} geological and low dipping terrain. The results are validated using 2D seismic data. The near surface map images faults and structure not apparent in the raw data. Comparison with the structure map generated from a 2D seismic data indicates very good structural and fault correlation. The near surface map successfully highlights areas of potential closure at reservoir depths.

  5. Mahreb power-plant-project assessment of TOR for feasibility study. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, A.D.; Ahimaz, F.J.

    1992-01-01

    The study endorses the proposed terms of reference for the feasibility study of the Mahreb Power Generation Project in Yemen. It is a reasonable and practical approach to meet the immediate need for additional power in the country. The outline for the feasibility study also seeks a long term solution for an economic and technically sound power generating system to meet future power needs. U.S. firms have been competitive in international tenders for supplying the type of services and equipment needed for the Mahreb Power Project. Because it is a gas turbine power generation project and the opportunities it offers US equipment manufacturers and contractors, the study recommends that the U.S. Trade and Development Program (TDP) fund the feasibility study.

  6. Another slow year

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-08-01

    This article is a review of the petroleum activity in the Middle East. The article is accompanied by a detailed color map showing the activity in the area. Highlights of the article include the fact that Saudi Arabia's drilling and development activity has sunk to its lowest level in many years. The article also points out that discoveries are increasing production in North and South Yemen as well as in Syria. The article also highlights the fact that Qatar is beginning work on its massive North gas field in the Gulf. Also attention is paid to the effects of the Iranian and Iraq war on each other's oil and gas activities. The article also mentions the drilling activity of Dubai and Oman.

  7. Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    42 Figure 14. Net interstate movements, imports, and exports of natural gas in the United States, 2015 (million cubic feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Yemen Norway Egypt Turkey Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI MD DC IN MA MD VA MA CT RI MA MA NH VA DC WA MT ID OR W Y ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada

  8. A satellite remote-sensing technique for geological horizon structure mapping

    SciTech Connect

    Fraser, A.J.; Huggins, P.; Cleverley, P.H.; Rees, J.L.

    1995-12-31

    A Satellite Remote Sensing technique is demonstrated which provides accurate and cost effective near-surface geological structure data. In the exploration phase the technique enables the rapid and inexpensive screening of open licences and the targeting of seismic acquisition, particularly important in terrains of difficult data acquisition. This paper describes the satellite data used, the technique of horizon surface data extraction and the analysis of a case study from Yemen. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data and a high resolution digital elevation model (DEM), generated from stereo SPOT panchromatic images, are used in conjunction to identify a number of outcropping horizons and map their spatial position and height. Geological contacts are identified and digitised from the Landsat TM data and the elevations of these points taken from the digital elevation data. The extracted x,y,z co-ordinates are then gridded to construct a horizon structure map. The technique is applied to an area of central Yemen which is characterised by a near-surface {open_quote}layer cake{close_quote} geological structure in an extremely low dipping terrain (Less than 1{degrees}). The remote sensing interpretation is validated by comparison with 2D seismic across the area. Regional flexural structures with bed dips of as little as 0.25{degrees} can be mapped. Trend analysis and residual calculations on the horizon structure map show the techniques ability to identify and quantify horizon deformation related to faulting. Surface geological structure was successfully interpolated into the subsurface indicating potential fault closure at reservoir target depths.

  9. UAE-Abu Dhabi: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports that production expansion projects remain the focus in Abu Dhabi, with increased drilling operations underway both on and offshore. Only Abu Dhabi Co. for Onshore Operations (Adco) and Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Co. (Adma-Opco) provide any information about activity in the Emirate. Plans call for boosting productive capacity by 1 million bpd to near 3 million bpd. Present sustainable capacity is estimated at 1.8 million bpd by the CIA. This rate has been exceeded recently (it reached over 2 million bpd) to take advantage of higher prices in late 1990 and to make up for the shortfall due to loss of Iraqi and Kuwaiti exports. However, it does not appear higher rates can be sustained for a long period of time. By year-end 1992, sustainable output has been projected to reach 2.3 million bpd.

  10. Diversity of [beta]-globin mutations in Israeli ethnic groups reflects recent historic events

    SciTech Connect

    Filon, D.; Oron, V.; Krichevski, S.; Shaag, A.; Goldfarb, A.; Aker, M.; Rachmilewitz, E.A.; Rund, D.; Oppenheim, A. )

    1994-05-01

    The authors characterized nearly 500 [beta]-thalassemia genes from the Israeli population representing a variety of ethnic subgroups. They found 28 different mutations in the [beta]-globin gene, including three mutations ([beta][sup S], [beta][sup C], and [beta][sup O-Arab]) causing hemoglobinopathies. Marked genetic heterogeneity was observed in both the Arab (20 mutations) and Jewish (17 mutations) populations. On the other hand, two ethnic isolates - Druze and Samaritans - had a single mutation each. Fifteen of the [beta]-thalassemia alleles are Mediterranean in type, 5 originated in Kurdistan, 2 are of Indian origin, and 2 sporadic alleles came from Europe. Only one mutant allele-nonsense codon 37-appears to be indigenous to Israel. While human habitation in Israel dates back to early prehistory, the present-day spectrum of [beta]-globin mutations can be largely explained by migration events that occurred in the past millennium. 26 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  11. Performance profiles of major energy producers 1993

    SciTech Connect

    1995-01-01

    Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers 1993 is the seventeenth annual report of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Financial Reporting System (FRS). The report examines financial and operating developments in energy markets, with particular reference to the 25 major US energy companies required to report annually on Form EIA-28. Financial information is reported by major liens of business, including oil and gas production, petroleum refining and marketing, other energy operations, and nonenergy businesses. Financial and operating results are presented in the context of energy market developments with a view toward identifying changing corporate strategies and measuring the performance of ongoing operations both in the US and abroad. This year`s report analyzes financial and operating developments for 1993 (Part 1: Developments in 1993) and also reviews key developments during the 20 years following the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973--1974 (Part 2: Major Energy Company Strategies Since the Arab Oil Embargo). 49 figs., 104 tabs.

  12. Secretary Chu Announces Progress on International Initiatives to Promote

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Clean Energy | Department of Energy International Initiatives to Promote Clean Energy Secretary Chu Announces Progress on International Initiatives to Promote Clean Energy April 8, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu this week joined with energy ministers and high-level representatives from more than 20 governments to announce renewed support for 11 international clean energy initiatives at the second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi, United Arab

  13. International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, 14th, San Jose, Costa Rica, April 23-30, 1980, Proceedings. Volumes 1, 2 and 3

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Papers are presented on remote sensing applications in resource monitoring and management, data classification and modeling procedures, and the use of remote sensing techniques in developing nations. The subjects of land use/land cover, soil mapping, crop identification, mapping of geological resources, renewable resource analysis, and oceanographic applications are discussed. Papers from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, the Syrian Arab Republic, the People's Republic of China, the Phillipines, Italy, Upper Volta and the United States are included.

  14. Hydrocarbons from methanol

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, C.D.

    1983-01-01

    During the early 1970s, the conversion of methanol to hydrocarbons emerged as a viable industrial process due to two events: the discovery by workers at Mobil Oil Company of the selective catalytic conversion of methanol to high octane gasoline over zeolite catalysts and the 1973 Arab oil embargo. This survey attempts to comprehensively cover the journal literature and selectively cover the patent literature dealing with the theoretical aspects of the methanol conversion. 178 references. (BLM)

  15. Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    71 to 1980 Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 August 4, 1977: Energy Organization Act August 4, 1977: Energy Organization Act President Carter signs the Department of Energy Organization Act. The Federal Energy Administration and Energy Research and Development Administration are abolished. Read more October, 1973: The First Energy Crisis October, 1973: The First Energy Crisis On October 6, 1973, the Yom Kippur War breaks out in the Middle East. October 17, 1973, the Organization of Arab Petroleum

  16. L-arabinose fermenting yeast

    DOEpatents

    Zhang, Min; Singh, Arjun; Knoshaug, Eric; Franden, Mary Ann; Jarvis, Eric; Suominen, Pirkko

    2010-12-07

    An L-arabinose utilizing yeast strain is provided for the production of ethanol by introducing and expressing bacterial araA, araB and araD genes. L-arabinose transporters are also introduced into the yeast to enhance the uptake of arabinose. The yeast carries additional genomic mutations enabling it to consume L-arabinose, even as the only carbon source, and to produce ethanol. Methods of producing ethanol include utilizing these modified yeast strains. ##STR00001##

  17. TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    9. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 1,726 37 20 0 (s) 41 -3 (s) 296 391 2,116 Algeria ...................................... 0 37 0 0 0 27 0 0 252 316 316 Iraq ........................................... 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36 Kuwait ....................................... 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 252 Qatar ........................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0

  18. The European Community and crisis adaptation: The impact of the 1973 oil crisis on European integration

    SciTech Connect

    Mahurin, R.P.

    1991-01-01

    This study investigates relationships that emerged between European Economic Community and Arab League nations during the period 1970-1978, with special attention to the period immediately following the October 1973 Arab-Israeli war and the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74. The central argument is that European integration can be measured and understood from three different levels of analysis: not only the systems or supranational level (to which neofunctionalists and federalists have largely confined their investigations), but from the nation-state and the subnational levels also. This view is justified in the context of complex interdependencies in the work of Joseph Nye and Robert Keohane. From this perspective, nation-state and subnational-level data take on a new importance. This study collected data on the nature, level, and intensity of contracts between actors within each of these three levels. The study finds at all these levels strong evidence of increased collective and convergent activity which, in the context of complex interdependencies, points to a complex but clearly advancing process of European integration during the period under investigation.

  19. Successful integration of remote sensing and ground based exploration techniques in an arid environment

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, R.F.E. ); Oehlers, M. )

    1995-03-06

    Twenty years ago, remote sensing promised to revolutionize exploration; unfortunately, many of the early promises made were unfulfilled and remote sensing tended to drop out of mainstream exploration. Both these extremes are unrealistic, and projects undertaken by Clyde in Yemen illustrate some of the ways remote sensing can become a successful and cost-effective part of an exploration program. Firstly, the remote sensed data, integrated with a minimum of ground control work, provided maps to use in subsequent fieldwork, a surface geology map, and a digital elevation model with its derived topographic contour maps. Secondly, the remote sensed data enabled the authors to create a structural contour map of a near surface horizon at a very low cost per square kilometer. Thirdly, the remote sensed data became a crucial planning tool for seismic operations to optimize data quality and minimize acquisition cost without having to resort to costly and time-consuming swath shooting or similar high-effort techniques. Finally, the surface geological map derived from the image interpretation enabled them to create geological cross sections along the shot seismic lines in a matter of hours without having a field geologist mapping along the lines. Remote sensing can provide highly cost-effective benefits to an exploration program in an arid region, and many of the applications can also be developed for use in areas with vegetation cover.

  20. U. S. petroleum industry adjusts to tough economy

    SciTech Connect

    Koen, A.D.

    1992-07-13

    This paper reports that oil and gas companies in the US are curbing costs and redirecting spending to survive the worst decline of petroleum industry activity on record. Persistently weak US natural gas prices and shaky oil prices worldwide have put pressure on domestic companies to become low cost producers. Efforts to cut exploration and development costs have depressed activity in the US, one of the world's most mature oil and gas provinces. International E and D hot spots include the UK North Sea, Yemen, Thailand, Myanmar, Pakistan, and Latin America. Prospects in the Commonwealth of Independent States also continue to generate considerable enthusiasm. Operators struggling to survive or searching for funds to spend on non-US prospects are trying to shuck noncore US assets. Other favored cost cutting strategies include reducing and restructuring debt, operating and administrative staffs, and internal organizations. Major integrated companies are able to add value by refocusing refining, petrochemical, or marketing operations. But independents must adapt operations close to the wellhead to become low cost producers. Whatever tactics are used to mitigate effects of low US activity, no domestic company --- from the largest integrated major to the smallest independent producer --- has proven to be immune from the downturn.

  1. Assessment of solar and wind energy resources in Ethiopia. I. Solar energy

    SciTech Connect

    Drake, F.; Mulugetta, Y.

    1996-09-01

    This paper describes how data from a variety of sources are merged to present new countrywide maps of the solar energy distribution over Ethiopia. The spatial coverage of stations with radiation data was found to be unsatisfactory for the purpose of a countrywide solar energy assessment exercise. Therefore, radiation had to be predicted from sunshine hours by employing empirical models. Using data from seven stations in Ethiopia, linear and quadratic correlation relationships between monthly mean daily solar radiation and sunshine hours per day have been developed. These regional models show a distinct improvement over previously employed countrywide models. To produce a national solar-energy distribution profile, a spatial extension of the radiation/sunshine relationships had to be carried out. To do this, the intercepts(a) and slopes(b) of each of the seven linear regression equations and another six from previous studies, completed in neighbouring Sudan, Kenya and Yemen, were used to interpolate the corresponding values to areas between them. Subsequent to these procedures, 142 stations providing only sunshine data were assigned their `appropriate` a and b values to estimate the amount of solar radiation received, which was then used to produce annual and monthly solar radiation distribution maps for Ethiopia. The results show that in all regions solar energy is an abundant resource. 19 refs., 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  2. Environment, health & safety management systems for upstream oil & gas projects in developing countries

    SciTech Connect

    Gossen, R.G.; Mann, G.J.

    1996-11-01

    The international oil and gas exploration and production industry faces a vast array of environmental issues that are global in nature but play an increasingly prominent role in individual project decision making. When placed against a backdrop of socio-political and cultural challenges presented in developing countries, project planners require an enlightened approach to ensure the environmental, economic and social components are appropriately balanced to ensure sustainable business success. Although a relatively new player in the international E & P industry, Canadian Occidental Petroleum Ltd. has developed such an approach to EMS management for projects in developing countries. Drawing from recent experience with a major project in Yemen, and others in the planning stages in several other developing countries, this paper presents a number of positive strategies and actions which are being applied in the many countries in which the company is active. Lessons learned and opportunities for improvement are presented for consideration by responsible operators working internationally toward the goal of environmentally sustainable energy development.

  3. Late Precambrian-Cambrian sediments of Huqf group, Sultanate of Oman

    SciTech Connect

    Gorin, G.E.; Racz, L.G.; Walter, M.R.

    1982-12-01

    The Huqf Group is the oldest known sedimentary sequence overlying crystalline basement in the Sultanate of Oman. It crops out on a broad regional high, the Huqf Axis, which forms a dominating structural element on the southeastern edge of the Arabian peninsula. Subsurface and outcrop evidence within and outside of Oman suggests that the sediments of the Huqf Group lie within the age span of late Precambrian to Early-Middle Cambrian. The Huqf Group is subdivided into five formations corresponding to an alternation of clastics (Abu Mahara and Shuram Formations) and carbonates (Khufai and Buah Formations) deposited in essentially shallow marine to supratidal (or fluviatile) conditions and terminated by an evaporitic sequence (Ara Formation). Evaporites are absent on the Huqf Axis, but they are thickly developed to the west over a large part of southern and central Oman, where they acted as the major structure former of most of Oman's fields, and even locally pierced up to the surface. Regional correlations suggest that the predominantly carbonate-evaporitic facies of the Huqf Group was widely distributed in late Precambrian-Early Cambrian time: the Huqf basin is tentatively considered part of a belt of evaporitic basins and intervening carbonate platforms, which stretched across the Pangea landmass from the Indian subcontinent (Salt Range of Pakistan) through South Yemen, Oman, and Saudi Arabia into the gulf states and Iran (Hormuz Series and carbonate platform north of the Zagros).

  4. Exploration into 1990s will still be shaped by politics, economics

    SciTech Connect

    Gallagher, J.

    1987-04-20

    Frontier exploration plays continue to yield sizable oil and gas discoveries, despite recent wide fluctuations in the price of crude that have altered exploration budgets and curtailed activity. Amauligak in Canada, Colombia's Cano Limon, Albacora and Marlim in Brazil, the Haltenbank prospects offshore Norway, North Yemen's Alif field, and lagifu in Papua New Guinea are all examples of the occasional reward of a giant field. With a stable oil price of between $15-18/bbl during 1987, international exploration levels will slowly recover. And it is likely that an average $18/bbl price for the year will be sufficient to put a number of deferred development projects back on track. Activity levels will still vary widely from region to region and country to country however, controlled by political as well as economic conditions. Exploration was hit especially hard in the U.S., where finding and development costs are high. Operators continued to spend a greater share of their exploration funds outside the U.S. in 1987.

  5. POTENTIAL MARKETS FOR HIGH-BTU GAS FROM COAL

    SciTech Connect

    Booz, Allen, and Hamilton, Inc.,

    1980-04-01

    It has become increasilngly clear that the energy-related ilemna facing this nation is both a long-term and deepening problem. A widespread recognition of the critical nature of our energy balance, or imbalance, evolved from the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. The seeds of this crisis were sown in the prior decade, however, as our consumption of known energy reserves outpaced our developing of new reserves. The resultant increasing dependence on foreign energy supplies hs triggered serious fuel shortages, dramatic price increases, and a pervsive sense of unertainty and confusion throughout the country.

  6. Proceedings: Twenty years of energy policy: Looking toward the twenty-first century

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-12-31

    In 1973, immediately following the Arab Oil Embargo, the Energy Resources Center, University of Illinois at Chicago initiated an innovative annual public service program called the Illinois Energy Conference. The objective was to provide a public forum each year to address an energy or environmental issue critical to the state, region and nation. Twenty years have passed since that inaugural program, and during that period we have covered a broad spectrum of issues including energy conservation nuclear power, Illinois coal, energy policy options, natural gas, alternative fuels, new energy technologies, utility deregulation and the National Energy Strategy.

  7. Energy: elusive solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Velocci, T.

    1980-08-01

    The author states that America's seven-year search for answers to the energy crisis has produced more promise than substance. In fact, the US is even more dependent on imported oil today than it was in 1973 when the Arabs slapped on their economy-busting embargo. US imports have risen from 35% then to 40% now of daily oil consumption. The price of a barrel has doubled since last year and US product is sagging. Synthetic fuels from oil shale and coal deposits and conservation are still seen as the only solution to US independence from OPEC nations. (PSB)

  8. Energy conservation in Tennessee

    SciTech Connect

    Carlsmith, R.S.

    1981-12-01

    The ratio of energy consumption to gross state product is discussed. This ratio, showing the amount of energy Tennessee uses to produce one dollar's worth of goods and services, has decreased by 4.5% during the period from 1973 to 1979 as compared to 10.4% for the same period for the US as a whole. Changes of energy consumption at the national level since the Arab oil embargo are analyzed. Funding for state conservation programs are discussed. The impact that sharp curtailment of Federal funding will have on some Tennessee programs is noted. (MCW)

  9. Crude oil resource appraisal in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Uri, N.D.

    1980-07-01

    Past experience supported an optimistic view of US oil resources prior to the Arab embargo of 1973, although some were aware that exploration and production were declining. An approach to estimating producible reserves, combining the engineering and econometric techniques, uses geologic estimates and a structural model to project when production will peak, the quantity that will be produced, and the time distribution of production. The results indicate that aggregate production will increase with the real price of oil. At $45 per barrel, 20 to 30 billion more barrels will be produced. 18 references. (DCK)

  10. Mental retardation/shortness of stature/multiple minor anomalies syndrome associated with insertion of 3q material into 18p

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Attia, H.M.; Sedaghatian, M.R.

    1995-03-13

    This is a case report of a 16-year-old Arab girl with mental subnormality, shortness of stature and multiple minor phenotypic anomalies. She is obese with normal secondary sexual characteristics, and has a speech deficit. Cytogenetic studies showed a 46,XX,dir ins (18;3)(p11.1;q13.2{yields}q25). The chromosome arrangement appeared balanced. Her condition is not a recognizable specific syndrome; thus, it remained unclear as to whether her condition is attributable to disruption of 3q or 18p or both. Further cytogenetic analysis by molecular biologists is required to solve this problem. 9 refs., 3 figs.

  11. Security in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect

    Wells, S.F. Jr.; Bruzonsky, M.A.

    1986-01-01

    The full range of U.S. security interests in the Middle East is covered in this volume of original contributions from prominent international scholars. Case studies of key countries emphasize the prospects for peaceful political, economic, and cultural change in the region. The Arab-Israeli conflict is examined with particular attention to the ''Palestine problem,'' U.S. policy and diplomacy, and the peace process. Finally, the involvement of the U.S. and the USSR and the policy options open to them are considered. Includes chapters on oil and its role in Middle-East security issues.

  12. L-arabinose fermenting yeast

    DOEpatents

    Zhang, Min; Singh, Arjun; Suominen, Pirkko; Knoshaug, Eric; Franden, Mary Ann; Jarvis, Eric

    2013-02-12

    An L-arabinose utilizing yeast strain is provided for the production of ethanol by introducing and expressing bacterial araA, araB and araD genes. L-arabinose transporters are also introduced into the yeast to enhance the uptake of arabinose. The yeast carries additional genomic mutations enabling it to consume L-arabinose, even as the only carbon source, and to produce ethanol. A yeast strain engineered to metabolize arabinose through a novel pathway is also disclosed. Methods of producing ethanol include utilizing these modified yeast strains.

  13. L-arabinose fermenting yeast

    DOEpatents

    Zhang, Min; Singh, Arjun; Suominen, Pirkko; Knoshaug, Eric; Franden, Mary Ann; Jarvis, Eric

    2014-09-23

    An L-arabinose utilizing yeast strain is provided for the production of ethanol by introducing and expressing bacterial araA, araB and araD genes. L-arabinose transporters are also introduced into the yeast to enhance the uptake of arabinose. The yeast carries additional genomic mutations enabling it to consume L-arabinose, even as the only carbon source, and to produce ethanol. A yeast strain engineered to metabolize arabinose through a novel pathway is also disclosed. Methods of producing ethanol include utilizing these modified yeast strains.

  14. TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    1. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 53,500 1,139 2,258 115 625 0 0 1,267 0 0 Algeria ...................................... 0 1,139 1,174 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 7,822 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 44,568 0 1,084 0 625 0 0 443 0 0 Other

  15. TABLE22.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    2. PAD District I-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 6,171 845 0 115 625 0 0 824 0 0 Algeria ....................................... 0 845 0 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Saudi Arabia .............................. 6,171 0 0 0 625 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 13,975 0 280 588 1,644 776 715 2,024 3 0 Nigeria ....................................... 8,825 0 0 0 0 0 0 166 0 0 Venezuela

  16. TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    3. PAD District II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,253 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 4,966 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 4,136 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 540 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 3,596 0 0

  17. TABLE24.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    4. PAD District III-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 38,701 294 2,258 0 0 0 0 443 0 0 Algeria ....................................... 0 294 1,174 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ........................................ 5,270 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia .............................. 33,431 0 1,084 0 0 0 0 443 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 41,555 0 1,652 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria

  18. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    PAD District V PAD District IV January 1998 Non OPEC .................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Total .............................................. 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Arab OPEC .................................. 2,409 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,299 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia

  19. The International Energy Agency's mandatory oil sharing agreement: Tests of efficiency, equity, and practicality: (Final report)

    SciTech Connect

    Horwich, G.; Jenkins-Smith, H.; Weimer, D.L.

    1986-01-01

    The International Energy Program Agreement, which created the International Energy Agency (IEA) in November 1974, establishes a system for the mandatory sharing of petroleum during severe oil supply disruptions. Development of the agreement was initiated by then Secretary of State Henry Kissinger during the attempted embargo of oil shipments to the US and The Netherlands by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries in 1973. Kissinger feared that the scramble for oil supplies would strain the Western alliance and contribute to a Western European ''tilt'' toward the Arab position in the Mideast. A new framework for international cooperation in the sharing of oil during oil embargoes and other supply disruptions seemed desirable; ensuring everyone their ''fair share'' would help blunt the oil weapon. Twenty-one countries, including the United States, Japan, and all the countries of Western Europe except France, affirmed this view through their membership in the IEA. The mechanism intended to achieve ''fair'' distribution of petroleum during severe disruptions is the Emergency Sharing System (ESS). Our evaluation of the ESS attempts to answer three questions: First, what would be the economic consequences for the US and other IEA members if sharing were to be implemented. Second, how do limitations in information and market control hinder implementation. Third, in light of such impediments, what are likely to be the actual economic consequences of attempted implementation.

  20. Labor, nationalism, and imperialism in eastern Arabia: Britain, the Shaikhs, and the Gulf oil workers in Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar, 1932-1956

    SciTech Connect

    Saleh, H.M.A.

    1991-01-01

    This study examines the lack of a noticeable indigenous labor movement in the contemporary Gulf Arab countries of Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar; it focuses on the emergence, after the discovery of oil, of an industrial Gulf labor force, and on the evolution of the British policy towards oil and Gulf oil workers. The period examined begins with the discovery of oil in Bahrain in 1932 (the first such discovery on the Arab side of the Gulf), and ends with the Suez Crisis of 1956. The latter is a watershed event in Gulf history. It is argued that the Suez Crisis was in large part responsible for the long-term defeat of the indigenous labor movement in the Gulf. Attention is given to the parts played by the British Government of India, the Foreign Office, the local Shaikhs, the Gulf nationalists, and by the workers themselves. Policies towards workers passed through two different periods. In the first, 1932-1945, the Government of India had no direct interest in the Gulf labor situation; in the second, 1946-1956, the Foreign Office took increased interest in the welfare of local oil workers, primarily because of the importance of oil to reconstruction of the British economy after the war. However, the Suez Crisis in 1956 convinced the British to withdraw their support for the workers.

  1. Gulf Cooperation Council: search for security in the Persian Gulf

    SciTech Connect

    Kechichian, J.A.

    1985-01-01

    This study purports to analyze the conservative Arab monarchies' search for regional security in the Persian Gulf. It speculates on the GCC's future prospects as a vehicle of cooperation in the field of security. Threats to the member states of the GCC stem from the policies pursued by revolutionary Iran, Israel, the Soviet Union and its proxies, and a regime in Iraq. The proposition is developed that these sources of threat present an overwhelming challenge to the security and stability of GCC states. Second, it examines the capabilities of the GCC member states for coping with threats. Conceived broadly, both military and non-military capabilities are examined. Security relations of the GCC states with external powers as a means of enhancing their abilities to cope more effectively with both internal and external threats are examined. Particular attention is devoted to the domestic consequences of these special relations. Third, it discusses the GCC's reactions to perceived regional threats. These include the Iran-Iraq War, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Soviet threat, and potential political sources of dissidence in member states. It is argued that although GCC states have adopted a number of joint policies, they did not respond to or initiate action on either the Iranian Revolution, the Palestine conflict, the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, the Gulf war or the recent Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

  2. Geological and environmental remote sensing for international petroleum operations

    SciTech Connect

    Ellis, J.M.

    1995-11-01

    Remote sensing allows the petroleum industry to make better and quicker interpretations of geological and environmental conditions in areas of present and future operations. Often remote sensing (including aerial photographs) is required because existing maps are out-of-date, too small of scale, or provide only limited information. Implementing remote sensing can lead to lower project costs and reduced risk. The same satellite and airborne data can be used effectively for both geological and environmental applications. For example, earth scientists can interpret new lithologic, structural, and geomorphic information from near-infrared and radar imagery in terrains as diverse as barren desert and tropical jungle. Environmental applications with these and other imagery include establishing baselines, assessing impact by documenting changes through time, and mapping land-use, habitat, and vegetation. Higher resolution sensors provide an up-to-date overview of onshore and offshore petroleum facilities, whereas sensors capable of oblique viewing can be used to generate topographic maps. Geological application in Yemen involved merging Landsat TM and SPOT imagery to obtain exceptional lithologic discrimination. In the Congo, a topographic map to plan field operations was interpreted from the overlapping radar strips. Landsat MSS and TM, SPOT, and Russian satellite images with new aerial photographs are being used in the Tengiz supergiant oil field of Kazakhstan to help establish an environmental baseline, generate a base map, locate wells, plan facilities, and support a geographical information system (GIS). In the Niger delta, Landsat TM and SPOT are being used to plan pipeline routes and seismic lines, and to monitor rapid shoreline changes and population growth. Accurate coastlines, facility locations, and shoreline types are being extracted from satellite images for use in oil spill models.

  3. Energy Watchers I

    SciTech Connect

    El Mallakh, D.H.

    1990-01-01

    The International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) has undertaken a number of activities involving research, publications, and conferences to meet its stated objective of stimulating knowledge in the fields of energy and economic development. The Shadow OPEC area conference sought to trace and weigh primarily the emergency of those seven countries which, for several years prior to 1989, had been in touch with the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) through special missions. Among the major questions addressed in the sessions were: How do Angola, China, Colombia, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico, and Oman envisage their energy policies within this bloc and within the wider context of possible cooperation with OPEC What will be the impact on other non-OPEC Producers, such as Norway, North Yemen, Canada, the USSR, and certain US states of a closer relationship between OPEC and its shadow group of seven The international energy conference on A Reintegrated Oil Industry was designed to evaluate and assess the trends evident within the oil and gas industry worldwide that include the relatively new arrangements between producer-country firms and other energy companies, largely those in the consuming, importing nations. These arrangements involved stockholding buyouts of downstream facilities, joint ventures, and other approaches. What effect are such developments expected to have on investment, market share, security of supply, exploration, investment, pricing, and even privatization ICEED has selected the title of Energy Watchers for the series under which to publish these proceedings as well as forthcoming conferences. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  4. Red Sea/Gulf of Aden source rock geochemical evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Ducreux, C.; Mathurin, G.; Latreille, M. )

    1991-08-01

    The potential of hydrogen generation in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden was studied by geochemical analyses of 2,271 samples from 23 wells drilled in 6 countries within the area. Selection of candidate source beds was primarily a function of the sedimentary column penetrated by drilling (i.e., whereas sub-Tertiary sediments are accessible in Somalia and Yemen in the Gulf of Aden, sampling below the thick Neogene evaporitic sequence in the Red Sea could not be achieved due to a general lack of penetration to such levels). Organic matter content and type, maturity levels, petroleum potential of the rock analyzed, and its capacity to have generated liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons are the basic results provided by the analyses. Geochemical well correlations within and between subbasins are presented using the two most representative parameters: total organic carbon (TOC) and Petroleum Potential (PP = S{sub 1} + S{sub 2}), expressed in kilograms of hydrocarbons per ton of rock. In general, results obtained in the two rift basins, with sampling mostly in Neogene sediments in the Red Sea and in sub-Tertiary and Tertiary sediments in the Gulf of Aden, indicate the presence of favorable sources preferentially in this sub-Tertiary succession. It is stressed that geochemical analysis results are from wells whose locations are generally on structural highs and, therefore, are not representative (especially in terms of maturation) of conditions in adjacent depressions, particularly where the difference in structural level is great. Sound simulation modeling makes possible the reconstruction regional thermal and burial history and, thus, identification of maturation kitchens.

  5. Agreement to provide energy planning, analysis, and evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    Three separate subjects are analyzed: (1) the incremental pricing requirements of LNG projects, (2) cooperative Arab/Israeli energy programs based on natural gas, and (3) the effects of the 1978 Natural Gas Policy Act on the country as a whole and particularly on Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. The studies found that (1) incremental pricing of LNG complicates the financing of LNG projects and reduces the number of viable projects, leading to increased oil and LP-gas imports, (2) cooperative gas-utilization ventures between Egypt and Israel should aim at developing a regional pipeline network, constructing export facilities, and producing chemical feedstocks, and (3) the peculiarities of each region of the US, along with the interdependency of the factors involved in assessing the NGPA's impact on each region, complicate any attempt to quantify the act's effects, but the profile constructed for Region 5 will facilitate quantification when more data become available.

  6. Sandstone petrology: a survey for the exploration and production geologist

    SciTech Connect

    Breyer, J.A.

    1983-01-01

    The Arab oil embargo of 1973 and the new global tectonics of the late Sixties revitalized research on sandstone petrology during the Seventies. Research publications increased nearly twofold from the previous decade. Studies of sandstone composition and sandstone diagenesis using the petrographic microscope have high utility. The results of this research can be applied in exploring frontier regions and in developing proven petroleum provinces. However, time constraints and library facilities often preclude exploration and production geologists from access to the journal literature. Here annotated tables compiled from a survey of nine major journals encapsule 329 research publications. The survey focuses upon research using thin-section microscopy but incorporates some work with other analytical techniques.

  7. Analysis of changes in residential energy consumption, 1973-1980

    SciTech Connect

    King, M.J.; Belzer, D.B.; Callaway, J.M.; Adams, R.C.

    1982-09-01

    The progress of energy conservation in the residential sector since the 1973 to 1974 Arab oil embargo is assessed. To accomplish this goal, the reduction in residential energy use per household since 1973 is disaggregated into six possible factors. The factors considered were: (1) building shell efficiencies, (2) geographic distribution of households, (3) appliance efficiency, (4) size of dwelling units, (5) fuel switching, and (6) consumer attitudes. The most important factor identified was improved building shell efficiency, although the impact of appliance efficiency is growing rapidly. Due to data limitations, PNL was not able to quantify the effects of two factors (size of dwelling units and fuel switching) within the framework of this study. The total amount of the energy reduction explained ranged from 18 to 46% over the years 1974 to 1980.

  8. How to improve energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Shepard, M. )

    1991-01-01

    Thanks to investments in more efficient vehicles, appliances, and buildings, Americans will spend $100 billion less this year on energy than if they had remained at 1973 levels of energy consumption. Cumulative savings from efficiency improvements since the first Arab oil embargo now total nearly $1 trillion. Yet even more remarkable is the potential for far greater rewards. Estimates of untapped energy savings range widely, but they are all large. The Electric Power Research Institute, the utility industry's research arm, estimates the US electricity demand could be reduced by up to 44 percent by the year 2000 through efficiency gains made with existing technology. The authors and his colleagues at Rocky Mountain Institute believe that the potential cost-effective savings are even larger, conceivably as much as 75 percent of total US energy demand. This article addresses several ways in which these savings may be brought about.

  9. Energy crises of 1919-1924 and 1973-1975: a comparative analysis of Federal energy policies

    SciTech Connect

    Clark, J.G.

    1980-01-01

    During the years 1916 to 1924, the United States was subjected to both real and feared energy shortages. Those years of coal strikes, transportation breakdowns, perceived oil scarcity, and world war compelled the Federal government to assume an unprecedented role in fuel-resource management. The Arab oil embargo of 1973 to 1974 precipitated another period of real and perceived energy shortages and intensified Federal intervention in energy-policy formulation. This paper compares Federal policies adopted or considered during these two crises toward production controls, price setting, distribution, and allocation. Attention is focused on the adversarial relationships of such special-interest groups as the major integrated oil companies and the so-called independents; the disputed need for Federal regulation to achieve equity in the distribution and allocation of scarce resources; and the unresolved debate concerning the impact of price and other controls on energy supply.

  10. Delineating coal market regions

    SciTech Connect

    Solomon, B.D.; Pyrdol, J.J.

    1986-04-01

    This study addresses the delineation of US coal market regions and their evolution since the 1973 Arab oil embargo. Dichotomizing into compliance (low sulfur) and high sulfur coal deliveries, market regions are generated for 1973, 1977, and 1983. Focus is restricted to steam coal shipments to electric utilities, which currently account for over 80% of the total domestic market. A two-stage method is used. First, cluster analyses are performed on the origin-destination shipments data to generate baseline regions. This is followed by multiple regression analyses on CIF delivered price data for 1983. Sensitivity analysis on the configuration of the regions is also conducted, and some thoughts on the behavior of coal markets conclude the paper. 37 references, 6 figures, 2 tables.

  11. Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves. Annual report of operations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-10-01

    The Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves (NPOSR), created to provide a source of liquid fuels for the armed forces during national emergencies, were established by a series of Executive Orders between 1912 and 1924. Following the 1973 to 1974 Arab Oil Embargo, which demonstrated the Nation's vulnerability to oil supply interruptions, the Congress authorized and directed in 1974 that the Reserves be explored and developed to their full economic and productive potential. In October 1981, the President notified the Congress of his decision to extend production of the Naval Petroleum Reserves to April 6, 1985. That decision became final when the Congress did not exercise its authority to disapprove the action. With regard to the Naval Oil Shale Reserves (NOSRs), a program was initiated in 1977 to examine the resource for development and subsequent production should national defense requirements so dictate.

  12. Geothermal: Hottest brand of new energy in the West

    SciTech Connect

    Curry, B.

    1982-10-01

    It is explained how the growing use of natural heat from underground services for energy across the West is the direct result of high oil and gas prices, government grants for so-called demonstration projects, and favorable legislation that gives geothermal wells the same federal tax advantages as oil wells. It is revealed that geothermal energy use has increased 50% in the last 5 yrs, and has almost tripled since the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74. But federal spending for geothermal projects is ending with Reagan Administration budget cuts and a belief that federally funded projects have proved a range of uses for this alternative energy resource. Claims to geothermal resources (almost all in the West) have been challenged by Western water rights laws. It is suggested that with the Government moving out of the picture, industry and commercial markets should move in.

  13. Exclusive: OPEC's story - denies it is a cartel

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-03-23

    Coverage of OPEC news in the Western press exploded in 1973 during the Arab Oil Embargo and blossomed during the 1979 oil price hike. Since then, however, coverage wanes when OPEC's problems are its own and not widely impacting consuming nations. OPECNA, the OPEC News Agency, was established in 1980 to improve the quantity and quality of world press coverage of OPEC activities. Since then, OPECNA has also been OPEC's historian. It is felt that OPECNA has achieved its principal goal, that of providing reliable and frequent information about OPEC and the activities of its member countries; however, it appears to have little success in restructuring world opinion. Included here is an exclusive interview by Energy Detente with Mr. Gonzalo Plaza, Director of OPECNA. The Energy Detente fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for March 1983 are presented for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

  14. Capacity utilization and fuel consumption in the electric power industry, 1970-1981

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, E.W.

    1982-07-01

    This report updates the 1980 Energy Information Administration (EIA) publication entitled Trends in the Capacity Utilization and Fuel Consumption of Electric Utility Powerplants, 1970-1978, DOE/EIA-184/32. The analysis covers the period from 1970 through 1981, and examines trends during the period prior to the 1973 Arab oil embargo (1970-1973), after the embargo (1974-1977), and during the immediate past (1978-1981). The report also addresses other factors affecting the electric utility industry since the oil embargo: the reduction in foreign oil supplies as a result of the 1979 Iranian crisis, the 1977 drought in the western United States, the 1978 coal strike by the United Mine Workers Union, and the shutdown of nuclear plants in response to the accident at Three Mile Island. Annual data on electric utility generating capacity, net generation, and fuel consumption are provided to identify changes in patterns of power plant capacity utilization and dispatching.

  15. Analysis of Federal Government energy emergency programs. Energy policy study, Volume 5. AR/EI-80-05

    SciTech Connect

    Serot, D.E.

    1980-01-01

    The economic implications of Federal Government programs for responding to an energy emergency (i.e., a sudden, temporary reduction in energy supply) are analyzed. Section 1 considers both the effects of the limited duration of an emergency and of the expectations of an emergency occurring; Section 2 describes the Government energy emergency programs and discusses their economic implications; and Section 3 sets forth the framework for an analysis of the costs and benefits resulting from enactment of the Government programs. The energy emergency programs discussed were developed in response to the 1973 Arab oil embargo. They include: use of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, enactment of price controls on crude oil and refined products, mandatory allocation of crude oil and refined products, mandatory yield controls, gasoline rationing, mandatory conservation, mandatory fuel shifts, and supply enhancement programs. Thirty-seven references are appended in a bibliography. This is the fifth volume in the Energy Information Administration's Energy Policy Study papers. 3 figures.

  16. Coal-fired boiler for petroleum refinery

    SciTech Connect

    Ketterman, W.R.; Heinzmann, D.A.

    1982-01-01

    There has been a significant amount of interest in conversion from oil/gas fired boilers to coal-fired equipment since the Arab oil embargo of 1973. The CRA Incorporated Coffeyville Refinery decided in 1977 to proceed with the installation of a 86.183 Kg/h coal fired boiler to generate process steam at 650 psig (4,482 k Pa) 596/sup 0/F (313/sup 0/C). A significant portion of this steam is passed through steam turbines to obtain mechanical power. Building and operating a coal-fired steam plant is a ''Different Kettle of Fish'' from building and operating an oil/gas-fired steam plant. The intention of this paper is to deal with some of the ''Why's and Wherefores'' of the conversion to coal-fired equipment.

  17. Latent morpho-semantic analysis : multilingual information retrieval with character n-grams and mutual information.

    SciTech Connect

    Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter A.; Abdelali, Ahmed

    2008-08-01

    We describe an entirely statistics-based, unsupervised, and language-independent approach to multilingual information retrieval, which we call Latent Morpho-Semantic Analysis (LMSA). LMSA overcomes some of the shortcomings of related previous approaches such as Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA). LMSA has an important theoretical advantage over LSA: it combines well-known techniques in a novel way to break the terms of LSA down into units which correspond more closely to morphemes. Thus, it has a particular appeal for use with morphologically complex languages such as Arabic. We show through empirical results that the theoretical advantages of LMSA can translate into significant gains in precision in multilingual information retrieval tests. These gains are not matched either when a standard stemmer is used with LSA, or when terms are indiscriminately broken down into n-grams.

  18. US Department of Energy Naval petroleum reserve number 1. Financial statement audit

    SciTech Connect

    1997-03-01

    The Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves (NPOSR) produces crude oil and associated hydrocarbons from the Naval Petroleum Reserves (NPR) numbered 1, 2, and 3, and the Naval Oil Shale Reserves numbered 1, 2, and 3 in a manner to achieve the greatest value and benefits to the United States taxpayer. NPOSR was established by a series of Executive Orders in the early 1900s as a future source of liquid fuels for the military. NPOSR remained largely inactive until Congress, responding to the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74, passed the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976. The law authorized production for six years. Thereafter, NPOSR production could be reauthorized by the President in three-year increments. Since enactment of the law, every President has determined that continuing NPOSR production is in the nation`s best interest. NPOSR currently is authorized to continue production through April 5, 2000.

  19. Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual report for calendar year 1998

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-31

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was established in 1975 as an emergency response to the 1973 Arab oil embargo. It is authorized by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), and by the comprehensive energy plans of all Administrations since 1975, in recognition of the long-term dependence of the US on imported crude oil and petroleum products. Section 165 of EPCA requires the Secretary of Energy to submit an Annual Report to the President and the Congress. On May 13, 1998, the Department published a Statement of Administration Policy which reaffirmed its commitment to maintain a Government-owned and controlled, centrally located Strategic Petroleum Reserve of crude oil. The Reserve is to be used solely for responding to the types of severe oil supply interruptions presently contemplated in EPCA. Over the past twenty years, the Reserve has grown as large as 592 million barrels--a peak reached in 1994. From 1994 to 1996, nearly 28 million barrels were sold to raise revenues for the U S Treasury. As of December 31, 1998, the crude oil inventory was 561,108,127 barrels which equated to 60 days of net oil imports during 1998. The US now relies on a combination of both the Reserve and private stocks to meet its oil storage obligations to the International Energy Agency.

  20. International initiative to engage Iraq's science and technology community : report on the priorities of the Iraqi science and technology community.

    SciTech Connect

    Littlefield, Adriane C.; Munir, Ammar M.; Alnajjar, Abdalla Abdelaziz; Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2004-05-01

    This report describes the findings of the effort initiated by the Arab Science and Technology Foundation and the Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories to identify, contact, and engage members of the Iraqi science and technology (S&T) community. The initiative is divided into three phases. The first phase, the survey of the Iraqi scientific community, shed light on the most significant current needs in the fields of science and technology in Iraq. Findings from the first phase will lay the groundwork for the second phase that includes the organization of a workshop to bring international support for the initiative, and simultaneously decides on an implementation mechanism. Phase three involves the execution of outcomes of the report as established in the workshop. During Phase 1 the survey team conducted a series of trips to Iraq during which they had contact with nearly 200 scientists from all sections of the country, representing all major Iraqi S&T specialties. As a result of these contacts, the survey team obtained over 450 project ideas from Iraqi researchers. These projects were revised and analyzed to identify priorities and crucial needs. After refinement, the result is approximately 170 project ideas that have been categorized according to their suitability for (1) developing joint research projects with international partners, (2) engaging Iraqi scientists in solving local problems, and (3) developing new business opportunities. They have also been ranked as to high, medium, or low priority.

  1. Updated Hubbert curves analyze world oil supply

    SciTech Connect

    Ivanhoe, L.F.

    1996-11-01

    The question is not whether, but when, world crude oil production will start to decline, ushering in the permanent oil shock era. While global information for predicting this event is not so straightforward as the data M. King Hubbert used in creating his famous Hubbert Curve that predicted the US (Lower 48 states, or US/48) 1970 oil production peak, there are strong indications that most of the world`s large exploration targets have now been found. Meanwhile, the earth`s population is exploding along with the oil needs of Asia`s developing nations. This article reviews Hubbert`s original analyses on oil discovery and production curves for the US/48 and projects his proven methodology onto global oil discoveries and production as of 1992. The world`s oil discovery curve peaked in 1962, and thence declined, as a Hubbert Curve predicts. However, global production was restricted after the 1973 Arab oil embargo. Otherwise, world production would have peaked in the mid-1990s. Two graphs show alternate versions of future global oil production.

  2. Feasibility of petroleum as a weapon. [USA as target of future embargo

    SciTech Connect

    Olabode, O.O.

    1981-01-01

    This study examines the feasibility of the oil weapon in relation to the 1973-74 Arab oil embargo and the odds attending the successful use of a future embargo with the United States as the target. The following are examined: applying economic sanctions by both developing and developed nations and factors of economic interdependence consequent of the attendant paradox of world food crisis; the growing dependence of developing nations on Western technology; the strategic dependence on critical minerals as determinants of world economic progress; the growth of Western dependence on oil; and the future outlook for a successful application of the oil embargo, including the strategy and tactics of oil-weapon diplomacy and the bases for a successful application without a boomerang on the poorer developing nations. The study brings Nigeria into focus as a candidate likely to apply the weapon and its potentialities for success; it deals with hypothetical scenarios involving successful application of the oil weapon stemming from regional conflict and the provisional arrangement for such an exercise.

  3. Army energy plan

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-08-08

    The Army Energy Plan describes the current and projected (to the year 2000) energy situation in which the Department of the Army (DA) must operate and summarizes those actions and programs which have been developed and/or are needed to cope with those conditions. It addresses the Army goals, objectives, policies, and programs for all Army activities. World industrial growth during the past century has been characterized and hastened by the widespread availability of inexpensive energy, primarily petroleum. The Arab oil embargo of 1973 served to drive home a number of points, key among them being that the world's principal oil consumers are not the major oil producers. The Middle East and Africa have an estimated 67 percent of the petroleum reserves while Western Europe and the Western Hemisphere have only 16 percent. By most estimates, these reserves are expected to be exhausted within the next 70 years. In the year following the 1973 oil embargo, prices for petroleum rose threefold, signaling the end of the cheap oil. In the decade of the seventies, the price of imported crude oil has risen from $1.80 per barrel to an exorbitant $30.00 per barrel. The combined threats of exhaustion and high cost mandate the use of alternate sources of energy. The distribution of alternate sources of recoverable oil, such as tar sands and oil shale, favor the Western Hemisphere, but economical recovery techniques have not been developed.

  4. Crisis in American mining

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-05-01

    The crisis in American mining is discussed. The discussion focuses on the outlook for coal in the overall energy picture. Because of the Arab oil embargo of 1973, the Iranian disruption of 1979, and the tenfold increase in oil prices over the past decade, radical changes have taken place in energy supply and demand patterns. Two of the most important of these changes relate to investment. First, large investments have been made in energy-efficient plants, equipment, buildings, and vehicles. Their effect will restrain energy demand growth for the foreseeable future. Second, investments have been made in fuel-switching, from oil to coal and nuclear power. As a result the oil demand at the end of this century will be at approximately the same level as it is today. Natural gas demand is also likely to be flat. Coal demand, on the other hand, is expected to increase steadily over the long term. Recent conditions in the coal industry are reviewed, and a specific 10-year forecast is given.

  5. Energy and environmental impact: what have we learned

    SciTech Connect

    Ritschard, R.

    1983-08-01

    More than a decade has passed since the Arab oil embargo of 1973-1974 signaled a new era in U.S. policy development, namely the formulation of the first comprehensive energy policy. Several attempts were made to develop the nation's first energy policy including President Ford's program to expand domestic supplies and President Carter's National Energy Plan (NEP1) that was embodied in the National Energy Act of 1978 (NEA). The general objectives of the NEA were to reduce U.S. dependence on oil and gas, especially when imported; to delay extensive reliance on nuclear sources of energy until questions of safety and disposal of nuclear wastes could be resolved; to use coal and its derivatives extensively in the near-and short-term and to develop a solar industry for the long-term. All of these strategies were supplemented by the national goal of energy conservation in all energy end use sectors. The NEA was severely criticized by energy industry leaders and others for emphasizing conservation and providing inadequate incentives to develop domestic supplies. With the change in administration after the 1980 election, a national energy plan was abandoned for a more amorphous ''free market'' system approach. This post election period (actually beginning in 1979) was also blessed with only moderate rises in energy consumption due in part to the higher energy prices, a nationwide recession and possibly to concerted efforts in all energy sectors to be more energy efficient.

  6. Lighting system replacement brings energy costs down, light levels up

    SciTech Connect

    Radmer, D.J.

    1984-11-08

    The R.J. Frisby Mfg. Co. operates on three shifts and produces precision screw machine products for a variety of industries, including automotive, marine, machine tool, hydraulics and pneumatics, business machines, electrical and electronics, photography, and precision instruments. The required degree of manufacturing precision demands high light levels in manufacturing areas. When the 100,000 sq ft plant was built in 1973, mercury vapor lighting was installed consistent with the current state of the art for lighting such facilities. In the ensuing years, it became apparent that the soaring electric bills that came in the wake of the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74 would have to be controlled. Estimates by the U.S. Department of Energy indicated that electric energy costs were likely to rise by 160 percent over the next 10 yr. Based on this estimate, and the fact that lighting accounted for $70,000, or half of the annual electric bill, it was estimated that $900,000 to $1,000,000 would be spent for lighting energy over the next decade. The concern over the probability of rapidly escalating electrical costs was soon justified when, in three steps over one 12 mo period, the electric energy rate increased from $0.0305/kwh to $0.0416/kwh -more than a 36 percent increase. During that same period, the demand charge was raised in two steps from $3.75/kw to $4.85/kw --more than a 29 percent increase.

  7. Coal transportation: a comparative spatial analysis between unit train and slurry pipeline

    SciTech Connect

    Soltanmohammadi-Sarab, M.

    1986-01-01

    After the 1973 Arab oil embargo and a drastic price rise in crude oil, the demand for coal and, subsequently, the price of coal rose to a new high, thus encouraging further production of coal. The increase in production occurred in most of the coal fields except those in some specific areas, such as West Virginia. Preliminary studies indicate that the high transportation cost of coal contributes to this slacking coal-production pattern. Three related objectives are studied in this dissertation: (a) finding the least-cost mode of coal transportation; (b) determining the new pattern of trade under the chosen mode of coal transportation; and (c) conducting a comparative static analysis of the coal market in the US. Engineering models are used to calculate the average costs of transportation. These models are adjusted for the appropriate economic applications. The mainland US is divided into five regions and the demand and supply of coal in each region is estimated. The estimated cost of coal transportation for both the slurry pipeline and the unit train reveals that the slurry is the lower cost mode of coal transportation for any given distance or amount of coal handled by the system.

  8. Oil and power: an analysis of United States economic interests and strategies in the Middle East. Study project

    SciTech Connect

    Poche, C.D.

    1988-05-31

    The United States met virtually all of its oil needs from domestic sources until the early 1970s. This self-sufficiency gradually eroded as our internal production failed to keep pace with rising levels of energy consumption. As a result, our new energy needs have been satisfied primarily by petroleum imports. The 1973 Arab oil embargo and supply curtailments associated with the Iranian Revolution in 1979 were painful experiences for the nation. By 1980, the United States was importing 8.5 million barrels of oil per day at a cost many times higher than the going rate in earlier years. Dependence on Middle East oil had become a frightening reality. During the same period, trade deficits, inflation, interest rates, and balance of payment problems were increasing at an alarming rate. Since that point in time, the United States has made progress in building a strong foundation for energy security. Despite these gains the United States is rapidly approaching another critical juncture in its battle to reduce dependency on imported oil. It also suggests national economic strategies that could be employed to improve America's energy prospects for the future.

  9. Alternative energy conversion demonstration laboratory at U. S. Naval Academy

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, C.

    1983-12-01

    This paper describes an alternative energy conversion demonstration laboratory which supplements classroom theory in a senior engineering elective course in energy conversion in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the U.S. Naval Academy. Oil, nuclear energy, and other conventional sources of power have been the dominant sources for industrial society and the U.S. Navy, and will continue to be so for the foreseeable future. There are other possibilities, however, including wind power, solar power, ocean thermal power and tidal power. A need for alternative sources of energy for the Navy was recognized at the time of the Arab oil embargo in 1973, and an academic program in alternative energy has been developed to help satisfy that need. Specific demonstrations included in this paper are as follows: Mechanical modeling of the depletion of energy reserve, Computer graphic simulation of energy consumption and energy resource exhaust, Wind model, Thermax helius rotor wind machine, Solar breeze - an electric sailboat project, Vertical axis wind turbine, Helicopter, airplane propeller and windmill models test in wind tunnel, Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Device Demonstration, Pneumatic Wave Energy Conversion Device Demonstration, Chemical Energy Storage Device Demonstration, Solar Energy Demonstration.

  10. Mandatory petroleum price and allocation regulations: a history and analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Lane, W.C. Jr.

    1981-05-05

    This study is a history and analysis of Federal controls over petroleum price and allocation decisions throughout the 1970's. It relies in large part on the many analyses and comments written by academics, government officials and others who have studied the topic over the past nine years. The first part of this study outlines the conditions in the domestic petroleum market that led to the imposition of first price, and then allocation controls on the oil industry. The second part explores the operation and effectiveness of the regulations during periods of oil supply disruptions - the Arab embargo of 1973-1974 and the 1979 shortfall attendant to the revolution in Iran. The third part describes many of the more important changes made to the regulations during non-disrupted periods, and examines the effect the regulations had on the operation and structure of the domestic oil industry. The last part analyzes the overall effects of the regulations on consumer prices and national welfare.

  11. Economics and finances of US mining: crisis and remedy

    SciTech Connect

    Alonzo, M.V.

    1980-01-01

    America's emergence as a world power was based on a bountiful natural-resources supply that has given Americans the highest standard of living in the world. To maintain this standard, Americans have always assumed that all they had to do was dig a little deeper, invest a little more, and apply more ingenuity to keep all the natural resources the nation might ever require flowing. So went the legend of American self-reliance. It existed until 1973, when stark reality in the form of the Arab oil embargo finally awakened average Americans to what energy experts and economists had been saying for some time: that the United States was dangerously dependent on foreign oil supplies - supplies that could not be guaranteed. This same problem of dependence upon potentially unreliable foreign sources for non-fuel raw materials also confronts the country and the American people. Mr. Alonzo feels that unless immediate steps are taken to curb inflation, increase energy availability, and rationalize the regulatory process - all necessary to encourage development of domestic resources - we might face the same problem with many other mineral resources that we face with petroleum. 17 tables.

  12. Energy conservation is a waste

    SciTech Connect

    Inhaber, H.

    1998-07-01

    Energy conservation is virtually always a bust. Governments around the world continually trot out new schemes to reduce energy use and promote efficiency. The prime American example of this futility is government regulation of automobile gas mileage. Prompted by the Arab oil embargo of 1973, Congress mandated a doubling of gas mileage. What happened? Gasoline consumption rose from 1973 to the 1990s, as the roads were flooded with energy-efficient cars. Huge sport-utility vehicles crowd parking lots, also thanks to more efficient engines. Conservation fails because it takes no account of economics of human nature. The combination of greater engine efficiency and rising disposable income has produced a true golden age of motoring. In the same way, what is saved by installing special light bulbs is often wasted on new hot tubs, exterior lighting and a host of other energy uses, as homeowners assume that their electric bills will drop off substantially. In spite of these and dozens of other clear failures, the claims for conservation to solve virtually all the national energy dilemmas continue. Few if any are valid. While each of us can reduce energy use in one or two areas, one finds that the nation gradually uses more.

  13. Electricity in US energy consumption. [Percentages for 1973 to 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Studness, C.M.

    1984-09-13

    The share of US energy consumption devoted to electric generation rose sharply again in 1983. Of 70.573 quadrillion Btu consumed nationally last year, 35.4% or 24.975 quadrillion Btu were used for electric generation. This represented an increase from 34.3% in 1982. Significantly, the share of the nation's energy consumption accounted for by electric generation has risen just as rapidly during the ten years since the Arab oil embargo in 1973 as it did during the decade leading up to the embargo. Electricity's share of energy consumption rose 7.3 percentage points from only 19.5% in 1963 to 26.8% in 1973 and another 8.6 percentage points during the last ten years to 35.4% in 1983. Moreover, electricity's share of energy consumption has grown in each of the ten years since the embargo. The nation's energy consumption actually fell 0.4% in 1983, and it declined 4.9% or roughly 0.4% per year during 1973 to 1983. By contrast, energy consumed in electric generation rose 2.9% last year and grew 2.3% per year during the last decade.

  14. Update: US oil-import market. 1982 top 7 suppliers to US import market: how their shares changed since 1973

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-03-09

    This issue updates the Energy Detente 7/09/82, which tracked US oil imports since the Arab Oil Embargo. Since then, the phrase oil glut became common even among cautious market analysts as many exporters, hard-pressed for petrodollars, produced much more than the market was prepared to absorb. To examine how the US import market has adjusted to this continued buyers market, the top seven suppliers of 1982 are tracked backwards through time. A graph shows the 1982 reversal of Mexico's and Saudi Arabia's positions in this market. The three main reasons for Mexico's strong present position in the US market are: crude costs and corresponding refined value; proximity to US refining centers; and strategic importance of Mexico's economic stability through oil sales. Interviews with various US refiners and other market observers confirm that these elements will persist during 1983, regardless of significant price cuts among OPEC and other producers. It is believed that the profitability of running heavy Maya crude in sophisticated plants will continue to look optimistic, and that Mexican crude sales to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve implies US government interest in Mexico's economic recovery, and in its stability in the light of civil wars being waged in Central America. This issue presents the Energy Detente (1) fuel price/tax series and (2) industrial fuel prices for March 1983 for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere. 6 figures, 8 tables.

  15. Indonesian fuel consumers shouldering development costs

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-08-22

    A graph shows how Indonesia's prices for regular and premium leaded gasolines and diesel fuel compare to the world average price, in US dollars per gallon: USA $0.28 lower for regular leaded gasoline, $0.30 lower for premium leaded, and $0.48 lower for diesel. Such proximity to world averages is of note in the context that Indonesia, a developing country with pressing needs for industrial and social development, does not internally provide the deep consumer subsidies that have long persisted in many such oil-producing countries. Although the other three countries shown on the graph have recently moved to cut internal fuel price subsidies, they still price these three important fuels more deeply below the world average than does Indonesia. A table details Indonesia's internal market price changes over time, by petroleum product. A chart tracks Indonesia's oil exports since 1966. The year of the first world oil price shock, 1973, shows a dramatic increase in exports, but that near-doubling was not repeated during the period of the second price shock, 1978-1979. As of 182, exports (by now including condensates) had fallen to pre-Arab Oil Embargo levels. This issue contains the fuel price/tax series and the principal industrial fuel prices for August 1984 for countries of the Western Hemisphere. Also, beginning with this issue, Energy Detente will appear only in English rather than both English and Spanish, as heretofore.

  16. Implications of lifting the ban on the export of Alaskan crude oil

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-03-26

    Present legislation effectively bans the export of crude oil produced in the United States. The ban has been in effect for years and is particularly stringent with respect to crude oil produced in Alaska, particularly on the North Slope. The Alaska crude export ban is specifically provided for in the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act of 1973 and in other legislation. It was imposed for two reasons. The first was to reduce US dependence on imported crude oil. The Arab oil embargo had been imposed shortly before the Act was passed and a greater measure of energy independence was considered imperative at that time. The second reason was to assure that funds expended in building an Alaskan pipeline would benefit domestic users rather than simply employed to facilitate shipments to other countries. The main objective of this report is to estimate the potential impacts on crude oil prices that would result from lifting the export ban Alaskan crude oil. The report focuses on the Japanese market and the US West Coast market. Japan is the principal potential export market for Alaskan crude oil. Exports to that market would also affect the price of Alaskan crude oil as well as crude oil and product prices on the West Coast and the volume of petroleum imported in that area. 3 figs., 8 tabs.

  17. US imports. Part II. Refined product market shares, then and now

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-07-08

    Unlike imports of crude oil to the US, which were up 45.7% between 1977 and 1986, imports of petroleum products have fallen by about 8.6% during the same period. The crude oil price crash of 1986 deepened US dependency on imports of crude, from 21.4% in 1977 to 25.4% in 1986, but reduced the dependency in the case of total refined products from 11.32% in 1977 to 11.13% in 1986. Comparing the first four months of 1987 with 1986, US dependency on imported petroleum products is down 2.73 percentage points; import dependency on OPEC petroleum products is down 4.60 percentage points; dependency on Arab OPEC countries product imports is down 1.88 percentage points; and for Eastern Hemisphere exporters, that dependency has fallen 2.17 percentage points. This issue also contains: (1) ED refining netback data from the US Gulf and West coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore for early July 1987; and (2) ED fuel price/tax series for countries of the Western Hemisphere, July 1987 edition. 4 figures, 5 tables.

  18. Genetic engineering and improvement of a Zymomonas mobilis for arabinose utilization and its performance on pretreated corn stover hydrolyzate

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Chou, Yat -Chen; Linger, Jeffrey; Yang, Shihui; Zhang, Min

    2015-04-28

    In this paper, a glucose, xylose and arabinose utilizing Zymomonas mobilis strain was constructed by incorporating arabinose catabolic pathway genes, araBAD encoding L-ribulokinase, L-arabinose isomerase and L-ribulose-5-phosphate- 4-epimerase in a glucose, xylose co-fermenting host, 8b, using a transposition integration approach. Further improvement on this arabinose-capable integrant, 33C was achieved by applying a second transposition to create a genomic knockout (KO) mutant library. Using arabinose as a sole carbon source and a selection pressure, the KO library was subjected to a growth-enrichment process involving continuous sub-culturing for over 120 generations. Strain 13-1-17, isolated from such process demonstrated significant improvement in metabolizingmore » arabinose in a dilute acid pretreated, saccharified corn stover slurry. Through Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) analysis, integration sites of the transposons were identified. Furthermore, multiple additional point mutations (SNPs: Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms) were discovered in 13-1-17, affecting genes araB and RpiB in the genome. Finally, we speculate that these mutations may have impacted the expression of the enzymes coded by these genes, ribulokinase and Ribose 5-P-isomerase, thus attributing to the improvement of the arabinose utilization.« less

  19. Use of fine gridding in full field simulation

    SciTech Connect

    Greaser, G.R.; Doerr, T.C.; Chea, C.; Parvez, N.

    1995-10-01

    A full field 3D simulation study was completed for a large Saudi Arabian oilfield located in the Arabian Gulf. The subject field produced from a highly layered Arab D carbonate reservoir which exhibited a strong water drive. The objective of the study was to determine future platform locations and timing with respect to water encroachment. The large areal extent (13{times}23 km) and highly layered nature of this reservoir necessitated use of coarse grids in order to obtain a reasonable model size. The coarse grid model was constructed with 86,000 grid cells. Using the coarse model, prediction studies showed an advantage to future platform development with horizontal wells. However, these results were suspect since it was thought that the coarse cell model may not properly model water coning and encroachment around the horizontal wellbores. To improve the modeling of water movement, fine grid numerical simulation techniques were investigated. This paper discusses the use of sector and local grid refinement modeling techniques with commercially available software. Fine grid simulation studies were conducted for a proposed new platform. The fine grid simulation studies showed significantly different results compared with the coarse model predictions. The fine grid simulation results will be discussed, the two fine grid simulation techniques will be compared, and reasons presented why performance differences exist. Performance of the fine grid models on an Unix RISC based workstation is included.

  20. Energy economists unite. [International Association of Energy Economists findings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-08-10

    Three years after the Arab Oil Embargo, the International Association of Energy Economists (IAEE) was organized. A non-profit organization operated through a council of 15 elected and appointed members, IAEE has already attracted some 1400 individual members from around the world as well as numerous affiliates among national energy organizations. In this issue, Energy Detente reports various IAEE findings, including: (1) a possible 1% growth during 1983 in total energy demand in capitalist countries to be satisfied by coal, nuclear, gas, and hydro supplies, not petroleum; petroleum is expected to figure in the expected 4% growth in energy demand during 1984; (2) usable commercial inventory of petroleum, having risen to 27 days of forward demand by the second quarter of 1981, now sits at 10 days; (3) the current cushion between oil supply and demand, now 15-million barrels per day (b/d) on the side of surplus production capacity during the first quarter of 1983, is exerting downward pressure on prices; and (4) possibly only half the effect of conservation provoked by the second oil-price shock has yet been manifested. If prices fall below US $25 bbl, the second half might be deferred indefinitely, and some enhanced-recovery and frontier-recovery projects would become uneconomic. Also, with OPEC prices holding through the summer of 1983, there is a good chance prices could stabilize for the next several years. This issue presents the Energy Detente fuel price/tax series and the principal industrial fuel prices for August 1983 for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere.

  1. Financial trends of leading US oil companies: 1968-1985: Discussion paper No. 017R

    SciTech Connect

    Sowell, E.

    1986-10-01

    This study presents a compilation of principal categories of financial data for a sample of leading US based oil companies for the years 1968 through 1985. The categories contained in the compilation are annual financial inflows and outflows, profitability measures and financial position. The period selected exhibits trends prior to and since the Arab oil embargo of 1973/1974. The study is organized into two sections. The first contains a discussion of: (1) the major components of the companies' aggregate primary financial statements; (2) period and subperiod trends of selected items (e.g., revenues, net income, cash flow, capital expenditures); and (3) analytical relationships among financial items, as well as their trends (e.g., various measures of profitability, proportion of cash flow allocated to capital expenditures, liquidity ratios, dividend payout ratios). Because of the interrelationship of the primary financial statements, discussion of some items may be subsumed under more than one content heading; thus, net income is covered not only under that heading, but also in connection with profitability, sources of funds and capital expenditures. Where appropriate, data for the sample of companies under study are compared to oil company aggregates developed by other organizations. Similarly, selected comparisons are made in financial data between oil and non-oil companies. The second section of the paper contains comprehensive tables setting forth the data and ratios on which the discussion is based. The purposes of this paper are: (1) to serve as a financial reference source for the API sample of companies (see Appendix A); (2) to present this material for a meaningful historical period; and (3) to elucidate key aspects of oil company financial performance. 6 figs., 6 tabs.

  2. Historical development of building energy calculations

    SciTech Connect

    Ayres, J.M.; Stamper, E.

    1995-08-01

    One of the most significant events in the history of ASHRAE has been its ability to respond to the societal need to reduce energy use in buildings. The development of computer technology and the scare of an Arab oil embargo in the early 1970s stimulated rapid improvements in calculation procedures to predict the thermal performance and energy requirements of buildings. Renewed interest in solar energy applications during that period attracted new scientific talent into ASHRAE, but it was primarily the use of computers for peak-load and energy calculations that attracted the brightest and most talented young engineers into the Society. It is important to note that almost all of the fundamental developments in energy calculation procedures resulted from governmental support. On a national level, it was funding from the U.S. Post Office Department (POD), the US Department of Energy (DOE)--formerly the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), and the US Department of Defense (DOD) that resulted in the two major public domain programs--DOE-2 (LBL 1979) and BLAST (Hittle 1977). This support has been continuous since 1973 and, as discussed later, it evolved from two competing load calculation methodologies. All of the DOD funds were focused at the US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL), while DOE funds were distributed among various governmental laboratories that competed each year for funding from Washington, DC. This led to a curious history in the development of DOE-2, in which several national laboratories made important technical contributions in the early years. These laboratories were Argon National Laboratory (ANL), Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL), and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL). The DOE funding diminished quickly over time at ANL and somewhat later at LASL. LBL rapidly became the lead laboratory for the addition of new developments and maintenance of DOE-2.

  3. Carbonic anhydrase II deficiency: Single-base deletion in exon 7 is the predominant mutation in Caribbean Hispanic patients

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, P.Y.; Ernst, A.R.; Sly, W.S. ); Venta, P.J. ); Skaggs, L.A.; Tashian, R.E. )

    1994-04-01

    To date, three different structural gene mutations have been identified in patients with carbonic anhydrase II deficiency (osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis and cerebral calcification). These include a missense mutation (H107Y) in two families, a splice junction mutation in intron 5 in one of these families, and a splice junction mutation in intron 2 for which many Arabic patients are homozygous. The authors report here a novel mutation for which carbonic anhydrase II-deficient patients from seven unrelated Hispanic families were found to be homozygous. The proband was a 2 1/2-year-old Hispanic girl of Puerto Rican ancestry who was unique clinically, in that she had no evidence of renal tubular acidosis, even though she did have osteopetrosis, developmental delay, and cerebral calcification. She proved to be homozygous for a single-base deletion in the coding region of exon 7 that produces a frameshift that changes the next 12 amino acids before leading to chain termination and that also introduces a new MaeIII restriction site. The 27-kD truncated enzyme produced when the mutant cDNA was expressed in COS cells was enzymatically inactive, present mainly in insoluble aggregates, and detectable immunologically at only 5% the level of the 29-kD normal carbonic anhydrase II expressed from the wild-type cDNA. Metabolic labeling revealed that this 27-kD mutant protein has an accelerated rate of degradation. Six subsequent Hispanic patients of Caribbean ancestry, all of whom had osteopetrosis and renal tubular acidosis but who varied widely in clinical severity, were found to be homozygous for the same mutation. These findings identify a novel mutation common to Hispanic patients from the Caribbean islands and provide a ready means for PCR-based diagnosis of the [open quotes]Hispanic mutation.[close quotes] The basis for their phenotypic variability is not yet clear. 15 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  4. The Solar Energy Institute: A long-term investment in America's youth

    SciTech Connect

    Arwood, J.W.

    1999-07-01

    Unlike students of a generation ago, today's high school students have had limited personal experience with the energy issues that influence their everyday lives. They have no personal knowledge of the Arab Oil Embargo or the long lines at gas pumps that students in the 1970s encountered. Unlike their counterparts of the 1980s, who demonstrated against nuclear power plant construction projects, today's students have had very little exposure to energy debates of any national or international consequence. What's more, they have only vague memories of the Persian Gulf War and the fight over energy supplies. Fearing that the absence of crucial, real-life experiences has negatively impacted the energy literacy of today's students, numerous entities have implemented programs designed to introduce young people to a cornucopia of diverse energy issues that affect every aspect of daily life. As part of this educational movement, the Arizona Department of Commerce Energy Office recognized the fact that young people face an increasingly uncertain energy picture and, as such, one must provide them an education that will allow them to make informed energy decisions in the future. To this end, the Energy Office founded the Solar Energy Institute. What the author has gathered from his two years of experience operating the Solar Energy Institute is that the energy IQ of America's youth, specifically their solar energy IQ, is deficient. The other conclusion he has been able to draw from the program of study is that this summer camp is having a positive impact on students' energy literacy as measured by test scores and a follow-up survey of participants.

  5. Structural study of (N{sub 2}H{sub 5},H){sub 2.9}U{sub 1.1}Ce{sub 0.9}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 5}·10H{sub 2}O from a conventional X-ray diffraction diagram obtained on a powder synthesized by a fast vortex process

    SciTech Connect

    Brackx, E.; Laval, J.P.; Dugne, O.; Feraud, J.P.; Arab-Chapelet, B.

    2015-01-15

    In the context of research on U/minor actinides for nuclear fuel reprocessing in the transmutation process, developments are first studied with surrogates containing uranium and lanthanides to facilitate testing. The tests consist of precipitating and calcining a hydrazinium uranium/cerium oxalate. The structure of this oxalate had not been previously determined, but was necessary to validate the physicochemical mechanisms involved. The present study, firstly demonstrates the structural similarity of the U/Ce oxalate phase (N{sub 2}H{sub 5},H){sub 2.9}U{sub 1.1}Ce{sub 0.9}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 5}·10H{sub 2}O, synthesized using a vortex precipitator for continuous synthesis of actinide oxalates, with previously known oxalates, crystallizing in P6{sub 3}/mmc symmetry, obtained by more classical methods. This fast precipitation process induces massive nucleation of fine powders. Their structural and microstructural determination confirms that the raw and dried phases belong to the same structural family as (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}U{sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 5}·0.7H{sub 2}O whose structure was described by Chapelet-Arab in P6{sub 3}/mmc symmetry, using single crystal data. However, they present an extended disorder inside the tunnels of the structure, even after drying at 100 °C, between water and hydrazinium ions. This disorder is directly related to the fast vortex method. This structure determination can be used as a basis for further semi-quantitative analysis on the U/minor actinides products formed under various experimental conditions. - Highlights: • Uranium cerium oxalate precipitate characterization by X-ray powder diffraction. • Morphology characterization by SEM analysis. • Structure determination by unit cell Rietveld refinement.

  6. Structural insight into mechanism and diverse substrate selection strategy of L-ribulokinase

    SciTech Connect

    Agarwal R.; Swaminathan S.; Burley, S. K.

    2012-01-01

    The araBAD operon encodes three different enzymes required for catabolism of L-arabinose, which is one of the most abundant monosaccharides in nature. L-ribulokinase, encoded by the araB gene, catalyzes conversion of L-ribulose to L-ribulose-5-phosphate, the second step in the catabolic pathway. Unlike other kinases, ribulokinase exhibits diversity in substrate selectivity and catalyzes phosphorylation of all four 2-ketopentose sugars with comparable k{sub cat} values. To understand ribulokinase recognition and phosphorylation of a diverse set of substrates, we have determined the X-ray structure of ribulokinase from Bacillus halodurans bound to L-ribulose and investigated its substrate and ATP co-factor binding properties. The polypeptide chain is folded into two domains, one small and the other large, with a deep cleft in between. By analogy with related sugar kinases, we identified {sup 447}{und GG}LPQ{und K}{sup 452} as the ATP-binding motif within the smaller domain. L-ribulose binds in the cleft between the two domains via hydrogen bonds with the side chains of highly conserved Trp126, Lys208, Asp274, and Glu329 and the main chain nitrogen of Ala96. The interaction of L-ribulokinase with L-ribulose reveals versatile structural features that help explain recognition of various 2-ketopentose substrates and competitive inhibition by L-erythrulose. Comparison of our structure to that of the structures of other sugar kinases revealed conformational variations that suggest domain-domain closure movements are responsible for establishing the observed active site environment.

  7. Intrashelf basins: A geologic model for source-bed and reservoir facies deposition within carbonate shelves

    SciTech Connect

    Grover, G. Jr. )

    1993-09-01

    Intrashelf basins (moats, inshore basins, shelf basins, differentiated shelf, and deep-water lagoons of others) are depressions of varying sizes and shapes that occur within tectonically passive and regionally extensive carbonate shelves. Intrashelf basins grade laterally and downdip (seaward) into shallow-water carbonates of the regional shelf, are separated from the open marine basin by the shelf margin, and are largely filled by fine-grained subtidal sediments having attributes of shallow- and deeper water sedimentation. These basins are commonly fringed or overlain by carbonate sands, reefs, or buildups. These facies may mimic those that occur along the regional shelf margin, and they can have trends that are at a high angle to that of the regional shelf. Intrashelf basins are not intracratonic basins. The history of most intrashelf basins is a few million to a few tens of million of years. Examples of intrashelf basins are known throughout the Phanerozoic; the southern portion of the Holocene Belize shelf is a modern example of an intrashelf basin. Two types of intrashelf basins are recognized. Coastal basins pass updip into coastal clastics of the craton with the basin primarily filled by fine clastics. Shelf basins occur on the outer part of the shelf, are surrounded by shallow-water carbonate facies, and are filled by peloidal lime mud, pelagics, and argillaceous carbonates. Intrashelf basins are commonly the site of organic-rich, source-bed deposition, resulting in the close proximity of source beds and reservoir facies that may fringe or overlie the basin. Examples of hydrocarbon-charged reservoirs that were sourced by an intrashelf basin include the Miocene Bombay High field, offshore India; the giant Jurassic (Arab-D) and Cretaceous (Shuaiba) reservoirs of the Arabian Shelf; the Lower Cretaceous Sunniland trend, South Florida basin; and the Permian-Pennsylvanian reservoirs surrounding the Tatum basin in southeastern New Mexico.