National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for africa south korea

  1. South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in particular around the Copenhagen climate conference of December 2009. Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and South Korea are responsible for about two thirds...

  2. South Korea - NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    with South Korea Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (APP) ORD International Research Agreements Korea Institute of Energy Research MOU References ...

  3. Seoul, South Korea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea is the capital of South Korea. Registered Energy Companies in Seoul, South Korea Samsung References http:geonames.nga.milggmagaz Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

  4. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  5. South Korea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Country Profile Name South Korea Population 51,302,044 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code KR 3-letter ISO code KOR Numeric ISO code...

  6. African Wind Energy Association - South Africa | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Association - South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name: African Wind Energy Association - South Africa Place: South Africa Website: www.afriwea.orgensouthafric...

  7. South Korea | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Korea United States and the Republic of Korea Sign Agreement for Civil Nuclear Cooperation Washington, DC - Today Secretary of Energy Ernest J. Moniz and Korean Foreign Minister Yun signed the successor United States - Republic of Korea Agreement for Civil Nuclear Cooperation, or 123 Agreement, as they are referred to in the United States. The United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK

  8. NREL Researcher on Assignment in South Africa

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    on Assignment in South Africa For more information contact: e:mail: Public Affairs Golden, Colo., Oct. 20, 1997 -- A policy analyst with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is headed to South Africa for eight months of high-level economic research on the South African electricity supply industry. Principal Analyst Paul Galen in NREL's Center for Energy Analysis and Applications will be a visiting researcher with the South African Minerals and Energy

  9. South Africa-UNDP Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    for Urban Housing in South Africa (PIMS 856 CC MSP RE) South Africa National Capacity Self Assessment (PIMS 3115 EA NCSA) South Africa Wind Energy Programme (SAWEP) (PIMS 1637...

  10. Johannesburg, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in South Africa. Registered Energy Companies in Johannesburg, South Africa Eskom SABRE Gen References http:www.geonames.org993800johannesburg.html Retrieved from "http:...

  11. Rural development update for South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arent, D.

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes renewable energy programs implemented in South Africa as part of a collaborative program for rural development. Different facets of this program include: Renewable Energy for South Africa (REFSA); hybrid collaborative R&D; electricity sector restructuring; provincial level initiation of renewable energy applications; renewable energy for African development (REFAD); and Suncorp photovoltaic manufacturing company. Limited detailed information is provided on the activities of each of these different program facets over the past year in particular.

  12. South Africa-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Agency Sector Energy Topics Background analysis Website http:www-tc.iaea.orgtcwebt Country South Africa Southern Africa References IAEA Project Database1 IAEA is working...

  13. The World is Watching ... and Innovating; CEIC Returns from South Korea

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Discussion on the Future of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning | Department of Energy The World is Watching ... and Innovating; CEIC Returns from South Korea Discussion on the Future of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning The World is Watching ... and Innovating; CEIC Returns from South Korea Discussion on the Future of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning September 14, 2016 - 3:30pm Addthis Speakers at South Korea's Energy Tech Insight 2016 Speakers at South Korea's Energy

  14. South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Clean Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Name South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project AgencyCompany Organization GTZ Partner...

  15. Accelerating the Clean Energy Transition in South Africa | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy the Clean Energy Transition in South Africa Accelerating the Clean Energy Transition in South Africa May 28, 2015 - 9:45am Addthis New partnerships between U.S. and South African organizations were recognized during a signing ceremony at the Powering South Africa Conference. From left to right: Jaime Cruz, Millenium Solutions; Edwina Felix, Peer Africa; Carsten Larsen, Dow; Sheila Moynihan, EERE; Bipin Shah, WinBuild; Teresa Scheepers, Municipal Manger of !Khies; Minister Counselor

  16. South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa and Ukraine." References "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services" Retrieved from "http:...

  17. Deploying American-Made Clean Energy Technologies in South Africa |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy Deploying American-Made Clean Energy Technologies in South Africa Deploying American-Made Clean Energy Technologies in South Africa June 26, 2014 - 10:50am Addthis A worker paints a rooftop with reflective paint in the !Khies municipality in Northern Cape, South Africa. | Photo by Mothusi Guy of PEER Africa A worker paints a rooftop with reflective paint in the !Khies municipality in Northern Cape, South Africa. | Photo by Mothusi Guy of PEER Africa Cori Sue Morris

  18. Case Studies from the Climate Technology Partnership: Landfill Gas Projects in South Korea and Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larney, C.; Heil, M.; Ha, G. A.

    2006-12-01

    This paper examines landfill gas projects in South Korea. Two case studies provide concrete examples of lessons learned and offer practical guidance for future projects.

  19. South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for...

  20. South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy and Climate Change Research Program Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa Energy and Climate Change Research Program AgencyCompany Organization France Agency of...

  1. South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy AgencyCompany...

  2. Cape Town, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Systems Registered Energy Companies in Cape Town, South Africa Atlantic Solar Genesis Eco Energy Mulilo Renewable Energy Pty Ltd SetSolar References http:www.geonames.org...

  3. South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream AgencyCompany Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for...

  4. South Africa-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    NREL Energy Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-NREL Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Topics Background analysis...

  5. South Africa-Danish Government Sector Programmes | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Sector Programmes Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Danish Government Sector Programmes AgencyCompany Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for...

  6. South Africa-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology |...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-IEA Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy...

  7. South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Development Plan" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSouthAfrica-NationalDevelopmentPlan:Visionfor2030&oldid391220" Feedback Contact needs...

  8. U.S. and South Korea Sign Agreement on FutureGen Project | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Korea Sign Agreement on FutureGen Project U.S. and South Korea Sign Agreement on FutureGen Project June 26, 2006 - 2:34pm Addthis Korea to Participate in World's First Integrated Carbon Sequestration and Hydrogen Production Research Power Plant WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman and South Korean Minister of Commerce, Industry & Energy, Chung Sye Kyun, today signed an agreement making South Korea the second country, after India, to join the United States in the

  9. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Feet) South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,157 3,085 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea

  10. South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    of each option. How, then, is South Africa to grow and develop in order to reduce poverty, while at the same time retooling its economy in order to reduce its greenhouse gas...

  11. South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    database1 REEEP EERE Activities in South Africa Commercialisation of Large scale Solar Water Heating Systems - To establish a facility for Solar Water Heating (SWH) to scale-up...

  12. South Africa joins energy technology information exchange agreement | OSTI,

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information South Africa joins energy technology information exchange agreement Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2008 South Africa's Minister of Minerals and Energy officially accepted an invitation to join the International Energy Agency multilateral agreement called the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE). OSTI currently chairs this longstanding agreement and also serves as the managing/operating agent. Established in 1987, ETDE

  13. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2009 0 2,735 2010 0 0 0 0 0 3,103 0 0 0 5,970 0 2,735 2011 3,157 0 0 2,901 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,085

  14. South Korea-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  15. Advancing Energy Efficiency and Business Opportunities in South Africa

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department supports a number of collaborations with African nations that share the goals of the U.S.-Africa Business Forum. One key collaboration, managed by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s International program, is the South Africa Clean Energy Project. The goal of this project is to encourage the adoption of increasingly stringent energy efficient building codes, and to accelerate the deployment of related clean energy products.

  16. U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    South African Minister of Energy Benedict Martins and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman met December 2, 2013, in Washington, DC, for the fourth U.S.-South African Energy Dialogue,...

  17. Boryeong Thermal Power Complex, Boryeong-Si, Chungcheongnam-do Province, South Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neville, J.D.

    2008-10-15

    From tall skyscrapers and flashing neon signs to Buddhist temples and pagodas, South Korea is a mixture of the new and old Asia. Doing its part to help modernise this country, the Boryeong thermal power complex operates six coal-fired 500-MW units that provide electricity to power South Korea's economic growth. One of the important reasons for this facility's overall success is its operational reliability. An example of this is Boryeong Unit 3's outstanding achievement of 3,000 days of trouble-free operation. The Complex also has a dozen 150 MW combined cycle units burning imported liquefied natural gas for electrical system peaking. 4 photos.

  18. MHK Projects/Lunar Energy Wando Hoenggan Waterway South Korea...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    the Wando Hoenggan waterway off the South Korean coast. Full resource research and feasibility studies should be complete by July 2008 with the installation of a 1 MW pilot plant...

  19. South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Actors into National Mitigation Strategies Through Vertically Integrated NAMAs (V-NAMAs) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors...

  20. Whistling in the dark - inside South Africa's power crisis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patel, S.

    2008-11-15

    State-owned Eskom has a near-monopoly on power generation in South Africa. Though one might think government control would make the business of managing power supplies easier, the story of Eskom's recent troubles shows that state ownership, in and of itself, is neither the problem nor the solution. More important than ownership structure are policy and planning decisions that take the long view. Eskom's cautionary tale should remind those involved in the power industry anywhere in the world that, to vary a disclosure from the financial sector that too few have paid attention to, past performance is not a guarantee of future success. 8 figs.

  1. Korea Rural Community Corp KRC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Korea Rural Community Corp (KRC) Place: Korea (Republic) Product: South Korea-based rural development company. References: Korea Rural Community Corp...

  2. Ambient aromatic hydrocarbon measurements at Welgegund, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaars, K.; Beukes, J. P.; van Zyl, P. G.; Venter, A. D.; Josipovic, M.; Pienaar, J. J.; Vakkari, Ville; Aaltonen, H.; Laakso, H.; Kulmala, M.; Tiitta, P.; Guenther, Alex B.; Hellen, H.; Laakso, L.; Hakola, H.

    2014-07-11

    Aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with direct adverse human health effects and can have negative impacts on ecosystems due to their toxicity, as well as indirect negative effects through the formation of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol that affect human health, crop production and regional climate. Measurements were conducted at the Welgegund measurement station (South Africa) that is considered to be a regionally representative background site. However, the site is occasionally impacted by plumes from major anthropogenic source regions in the interior of South Africa, which include the western Bushveld Igneous Complex (e.g. platinum, base metal and ferrochrome smelters), the eastern Bushveld Igneous Complex (platinum and ferrochrome smelters), the Johannesburg-Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (>10 million people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and industries), the Mpumalanga Highveld (e.g. coal-fired power plants and petrochemical industry) and also a region of anti-cyclonic recirculation of air mass over the interior of South Africa. The aromatic hydrocarbon measurements were conducted with an automated sampler on Tenax-TA and Carbopack-B adsorbent tubes with heated inlet for one year. Samples were collected twice a week for two hours during daytime and two hours 1 during night-time. A thermal desorption unit, connected to a gas chromatograph and a mass 2 selective detector was used for sample preparation and analysis. Results indicated that the 3 monthly median total aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations ranged between 0.01 to 3.1 ppb. 4 Benzene levels did not exceed local air quality standards. Toluene was the most abundant 5 species, with an annual median concentration of 0.63 ppb. No statistically significant 6 differences in the concentrations measured during daytime and night-time were found and no distinct seasonal patterns were observed. Air mass back trajectory analysis proved that the lack of seasonal cycles could be

  3. United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Research and Development | Department of Energy South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development September 16, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Vienna, Austria - U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu and South African Minister of Energy Dipuo Peters signed a bilateral Agreement on Cooperation in Research and Development of Nuclear Energy on September 14 in

  4. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","8/2016" ,"Release Date:","10/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","11/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  5. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Sustainable Energy Future | Department of Energy Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More Sustainable Energy Future U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More Sustainable Energy Future March 19, 2014 - 9:35am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 Pretoria - U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and South African Minister of Energy Ben Martins met yesterday in Pretoria to follow up on the U.S.-South Africa Bilateral Energy Dialogue held last

  6. HQMC Korea HQMCK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    HQMC Korea (HQMCK) Place: Korea (Republic) Product: Entrepreneurial project developer in South Korea. References: HQMC Korea (HQMCK)1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  7. Deputy Secretary Poneman Statement on Second Meeting of the U.S. – South Africa Bilateral Energy Dialogue‬

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and South African Minister of Energy Dipuo Peters held the second meeting of the U.S. – South Africa Bilateral Energy Dialogue on January 16, 2012.

  8. A review of EIA report quality in the North West province of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandham, Luke A. Pretorius, Hester M.

    2008-05-15

    The revised EIA regulations implemented on 3 July 2006 focused attention on the question of EIA effectiveness in South Africa. EIR quality review is one of the quality control functions contributing to EIA effectiveness within any EIA system, therefore the EIR quality review package developed by Lee and Colley was adapted and used to review the quality of a sample of 28 EIRs in the North West province of South Africa. Overall, 86% of the reports achieved satisfactory grades, with the descriptive and presentational elements of the EIRs more satisfactorily addressed, and the analytical components such as impact significance, addressed to a less satisfactory degree. EIR quality appears to be on par with international standards, but there are areas of distinct weakness. Further research is required to optimise quality review, and to reveal whether the new regulations have succeeded in addressing these weaknesses and made positive contributions to EIR quality, as a component of EIA effectiveness in South Africa.

  9. Measurements of radioxenon in ground level air in South Korea following the claimed nuclear test in North Korea on October 9, 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringbom, Anders; Elmgren, K.; Lindh, Karin; Peterson, Jenny; Bowyer, Ted W.; Hayes, James C.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Panisko, Mark E.; Williams, Richard M.

    2009-12-03

    Abstract Following the claimed nuclear test in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) on October 9, 2006, and a reported seismic event, a mobile system for sampling of atmospheric xenon was transported to the Republic of South Korea (ROK) in an attempt to detect possible emissions of radioxenon in the region from a presumed test. Five samples were collected in the ROK during October 11–14, 2006 near the ROK–DPRK border, and thereafter transported to the Swedish Defense Research Agency (FOI) in Stockholm, Sweden, for analysis. Following the initial measurements, an automatic radioxenon sampling and analysis system was installed at the same location in the ROK, and measurements on the ambient atmospheric radioxenon background in the region were performed during November 2006 to February 2007. The measured radioxenon concentrations strongly indicate that the explosion in October 9, 2006 was a nuclear test. The conclusion is further strengthened by atmospheric transport models. Radioactive xenon measurement was the only independent confirmation that the supposed test was in fact a nuclear explosion and not a conventional (chemical) explosive.

  10. Development Impact Assessment (DIA) Case Study. South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, Sadie; Nawaz, Kathleen; Sandor, Debra

    2015-05-19

    This case study reviews South Africa’s experience in considering the impacts of climate change action on development goals, focusing on the South African energy sector and development impact assessments (DIAs) that have and could be used to influence energy policy or inform the selection of energy activities. It includes a review of assessments—conducted by government ministries, technical partners, and academic institutes and non-governmental organizations (NGOs)—that consider employment, health, and water implications of possible energy sector actions, as well as multi-criteria impact assessments.

  11. Association between Electronic Cigarette Use and Asthma among High School Students in South Korea

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Cho, Jun Ho; Paik, Samuel Y.

    2016-03-04

    Little is known about health outcomes related to electronic cigarette (EC) use, despite its growing popularity. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between EC use and asthma. The study design is a cross-sectional study. A total of 35,904 high school students were included as the final study population. The presence of asthma was based on a student’s self-reported doctor diagnosis of asthma in the past 12 months. Results showed prevalence rates of asthmatics in ‘current EC users’ (n = 2,513), ‘former EC users’ (n = 2,078), and ‘never EC users’ (n = 31,313), were 3.9% (nmore » = 98), 2.2% (n = 46) and 1.7% (n = 530), respectively. Comparing ‘current EC’ users with ‘never EC’ users, the unadjusted OR for asthma was 2.36 (95% CI: 1.89–2.94). In order to control for the effect of conventional cigarette (CC) smoking, after stratifying the subjects by the three CC smoking categories (never CC, former CC, and current CC), within the ‘never CC’ category, the unadjusted OR for asthma for ‘current EC’ users was 3.41 (95% CI: 1.79–6.49), and the adjusted OR was 2.74 (95% CI: 1.30–5.78). Severe asthma was reflected by the number of days absent from school due to asthma symptoms; current EC users had the highest adjusted OR for severe asthma compared to ‘never EC’ users. In conclusion, when compared to a reference population of high school students in South Korea, EC users have an increased association with asthma and are more likely to have had days absent from school due to severe asthma symptoms. In conclusion, the results indicate that EC use may be a risk factor for asthma. The results may be useful in developing a scientific basis for the evaluation of a potential health hazard by EC.« less

  12. Biogeochemical Changes at Early Stage After the Closure of Radioactive Waste Geological Repository in South Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choung, Sungwook; Um, Wooyong; Choi, Seho; Francis, Arokiasamy J.; Kim, Sungpyo; Park, Jin beak; Kim, Suk-Hoon

    2014-09-01

    Permanent disposal of low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes in the subterranean environment has been the preferred method of many countries, including Korea. A safety issue after the closure of a geological repository is that biodegradation of organic materials due to microbial activities generates gases that lead to overpressure of the waste containers in the repository and its disintegration with the release of radionuclides. As part of an ongoing large-scale in situ experiment using organic wastes and groundwater to simulate geological radioactive waste repository conditions, we investigated the geochemical alteration and microbial activities at an early stage (~63 days) intended to be representative of the initial period after repository closure. The increased numbers of both aerobes and facultative anaerobes in waste effluents indicate that oxygen content could be the most significant parameter to control biogeochemical conditions at very early periods of reaction (<35 days). Accordingly, the values of dissolved oxygen and redox potential were decreased. The activation of anaerobes after 35 days was supported by the increased concentration to ~50 mg L-1 of ethanol. These results suggest that the biogeochemical conditions were rapidly altered to more reducing and anaerobic conditions within the initial 2 months after repository closure. Although no gases were detected during the study, activated anaerobic microbes will play more important role in gas generation over the long term.

  13. South Africa, a new perspective: How the coal industry of RSA looks to an observer from the USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arthur, S.P.

    1994-09-01

    A microcosm of what was, what is, and hopefully what will be, is embodied in South Africa`s coal industry-the sixth largest in the world, the third largest in coal exports behind the United States and Australia, and the second largest in the world`s steam coal trade behind Australia. Mining is the international, economic life blood of South Africa. In total, the country exports 60 minerals to 80 countries, providing on a raw basis for 43% of the nation`s international trade, and as much as 60% when beneficiated products are included. The nation`s coal fields lie in the northeastern section of the country, running south from the Botswana-Zimbabwe-Mozambique borders, principally in the Transvaal, Natal, and Orange Free State provinces. The coal seams run in thickness from 2.5 to 8 m, with an average overburden thickness of 80 m. The coal industry provides 83% of the country`s commercial energy and 52% of all the electric power consumed on the entire continent. Seen from the air, the veld around Johannesburg is dotted with power plants-virtually all coal-fired. There is only one nuclear plant and two hydroelectric produced in South Africa comes from Eskom, the state-owned utility, and 90% total comes from coal-fired units.

  14. Korea Iron Steel Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Steel Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Korea Iron & Steel Co Ltd Place: Changwon, South Gyeongsang, Korea (Republic) Zip: 641 370 Product: Korea-based manufacturer of steel...

  15. Sedimentary basins on the connugate margins of South America and Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, G.T. )

    1990-05-01

    An Early Cretaceous spreading system formed the South Atlantic by separating South America from Africa along two subparallel major transform fault systems. The distribution of major sedimentary depocenters is controlled by the complex interplay of two factors: the late Mesozoic-Cenozoic cycle of sea-floor spreading and the legacy of a Precambrian collage of ancient cores that comprised western Gondwana. Three spreading modes created this configuration: rift, transform, and subduction. Each produces a different geometry and tectonic framework for the accumulation of sediment. Rifted margins (60%) contain basins that are elongate, form with their depocenter axes inboard of the ocean-continent transition, and rest on a tectonically complex, foundered basement. Transform margins have abrupt ocean-continent transitions. Such margins (30%) may be sediment starved or contain a thick sedimentary section controlled by the volcanic ridges of transform faults. Off Tierra del Fuego, Burdwood Bank is bounded on the north by a fossil (aseismic) subduction zone. The associated basin is an elongate, deformed accretionary prism of sediments on a gently dipping, faulted oceanic plate. The South Atlantic margins are divisible into 68 basins or segments that collectively contain over 33 {times} 106 km{sup 3} of syn- and postbreakup sediments. The South American margin contains 22 {times} 10{sup 6} km{sup 3} in 46 basins, and the African margin, 11 {times} 10{sup 6} km{sup 3} in 22 basins. Over 65% of the basins have a sediment column greater than 5 km with some depocenters that locally exceed 10 km. The source rock quality and character vary along both margins. The top of the oil generation window averages about 3.3 km; however, due to differing thermal histories, individual basins can depart significantly from this average.

  16. Does enhanced regulation improve EIA report quality? Lessons from South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandham, L.A.; Heerden, A.J. van; Jones, C.E.; Retief, F.P.; Morrison-Saunders, A.N.

    2013-01-15

    Recently, various EIA systems have been subjected to system review processes with a view to improve performance. Many of these reviews resulted in some form of legislative reform. The South African Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) regulations were modified in 2006 with the express intent to improve EIA effectiveness. In order to evaluate to what extent the desired outcome was achieved, the quality of EIA reports produced under the 2006 regulations was investigated for comparative analysis with the preceding regime. A sample of EIA reports from the two legislative regimes was reviewed using an adapted version of a well established method known colloquially as the 'Lee and Colley' review package. Despite some improvements in certain aspects, overall report quality has decreased slightly from the 1997 EIA regime. It therefore appears that the modifications to the regulations, often heralded as the solution to improvements in performance have not resulted in improved quality of EIA reports. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EIA regulations in South Africa were revised and became more comprehensive in 2006. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The report quality of a sample of EIAs was reviewed using the Lee and Colley review package. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Report quality showed a slight decline from the previous regulatory regime. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EIA good practice needs flexibility rather than over-detailed regulation.

  17. A passive margin-type submarine fan complex, Permian Ecca Group, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wickens, H.D. ); Bouma, A.H. )

    1991-03-01

    A submarine fan complex, comprising five arenaceous fan systems separated by basinal shale units, occurs in the southwestern part of the intracratonic Karoo basin in South Africa. Although basin development is related to a subduction zone bordering the palaeo-Pacific ocean to the south of Gondwanaland and the evolution of the Cape Fold Belt, the entire Lower Permian Ecca Group basin-fill succession reflects depositional characteristics of a passive-margin setting. The submarine fan complex, 250 m thick, originated from sediments supplied by Mississippi-type deltas dominating the Ecca coastline. The fine grain-size and low sand/shale ratio of the submarine fan and deltaic deposits reflect the maturity of the ancient river systems. Outcrops of the fan complex are well exposed and cover an area of 650 km{sup 2}. The strata are not affected by folding, and deep erosion allows three-dimensional viewing of mid-fan to outer-fan deposits. Features of interest include stacked lobe deposits displayed along 2.5 km of a 60 m high cliff section, and a transverse cliff section through channel-fill deposits 500 m wide. Paleocurrent directions reveal that each sequence had its own main source area located to the northwest and south of its present geographic location. The cyclic nature of the fan complex is attributed to relative sea-level changes; deposition took place on the basin floor in water depths that do not exceed 500 m. Shoaling of the basin to wave base depths is reflected in the pro-delta and delta front deposits overlying the uppermost fan sequence. Major factors in controlling direction of fan progradation were delta switching and basin floor topography.

  18. South West Solar Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: South West Solar Power Place: Gwangju Metropolitan City, Korea (Republic) Product: Korea-based company acting as the operating body for the...

  19. South Africa and the 21st Century Power Partnership (Fact Sheet). 21st Century Power Partnership; 21st Century Power Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-04-16

    Established in 2012, the 21CPP South Africa Programme is a global initiative that connects South African stakeholders with an international community of expertise. The overall goal of this program is to support South Africa’s power system transformation by accelerating the transition to a reliable, financially robust, and low-carbon power system. 21CPP activities focus on achieving positive outcomes for all participants, especially addressing critical questions and challenges facing system planners, regulators, and operators. In support of this goal, 21CPP taps into deep networks of expertise among leading industry practitioners.

  20. North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

    1991-03-01

    The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

  1. Oil and gas developments in South Africa, Central America, Caribbean Area, and Mexico in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tappmeyer, D.M.

    1985-10-01

    For the 25 countries described in the region, exploration activity continued to be centered in proven petroleum provinces in 1984. Exploration activity increased in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. Important, successful exploration efforts continued in areas around Cano Limon field in Colombia, and Guafita and La Victoria fields in Venezuela. Notable discoveries in South America included the 42-46-1X San Martin Cretaceous discovery by Shell in the Ucayali basin in Peru, the significant oil and gas discovery at Palmar Largo ES-1 by YPF in Argentina, and the first offshore gas discovery, the Pecten 1-SPS-20 wildcat in the Santo basin in Brazil. Oil production increased in Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. A notable increase (40%) in oil production occurred in Brazil. Gas production increased in Argentina, Barbados, Colombia, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago. 8 figures, 8 tables.

  2. Preliminary Report: Results of Computed Tracer Concentrations over Eastern China, South Korea, and Japan for 01 March to 30 May 2007 Daily Simulated Releases from Taiyuan, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vogt, P

    2007-08-07

    In order to prepare for a proposed long range tracer experiment in China for the spring of 2008 time period, NARAC computed hypothetical PMCH concentrations over Eastern China, South Korea and Japan for simulated releases from Taiyuan, China. Normalized 1 kg of PMCH source strength releases were made twice a day, with wind input from global forecast weather model. We used 6-hour analysis fields valid at the start of each model run, resulting in four wind fields per day. The selected domain encompassed the region of interest over eastern Asia and the Western Pacific. Screening runs were made for each day at 0000 and 1200 UTC from 01 April, 2007 through 29 May, 2007 for a total of 90 days and 180 cases. 24-hour average air concentrations were evaluated at 22 sample cities in the three regions of interest for each case. 15 sample cities were selected to help quantify modeling results for experiment objectives. Any case that resulted in model predicted air concentrations exceeding 2.0E-02 fL/L at a sample city in all three regions was then selected for a detailed model run with source times six hours before and after evaluated in addition to the case time. The detailed runs used the same wind fields and model domain, but 6-hour average air concentrations were generated and analyzed for the 15 sample cities. Each of the 180 cases were ranked subjectively, based on whether or not the model prediction indicated the possibility that a release on that date and time might achieve the long range experiment objectives. Ranks used are High, Good, Low, Poor, and Bad. Of the 180 cases run, NARAC dispersion models predicted 6 instances of High possibility, 8 cases of Good, 32 of Low, 74 of Poor, and 60 cases of Bad probability. Detailed model runs were made for all 14 High or Good probability cases, a total of only 7.8% of all analyzed. Based on the results of this study we have identified a few dates on which a release of a reasonable amount of PMCH tracer (on the order of 500 kg

  3. Peer-to-Peer Consultations: Ancillary Services Peer Exchange with India: Experience from South Africa, Europe & the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    In support of national and subnational decision makers, the 21st Century Power Partnership regularly works with country partners to organize peer-to-peer consultations on critical issues. In March 2014, 21CPP collaborated with the Regulatory Assistance Project - India to host two peer-to-peer exchanges among experts from India, South Africa, Europe, and the United States to discuss the provision of ancillary services, particularly in the context of added variability and uncertainty from renewable energy. This factsheet provides a high level summary of the peer-to-peer consultation.

  4. Korea Solex Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    project developer who owns at least 1MW plant in Yeonggwang, South Jeolla; registered to trade on the Korea Power Exchange. Coordinates: 35.15007, 126.833847 Show Map Loading...

  5. Building Strong, Sustainable Energy Partnerships with Africa

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Deputy Energy Secretary Daniel Poneman recently visited South Africa and Mozambique, highlighting the need for strong partnerships to ensure a sustainable energy future for both the U.S. and Africa.

  6. Sunpower Korea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea (Republic) Sector: Solar Product: Manufacturer of solar modules and inverters. References: Sunpower Korea1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  7. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

    2009-04-17

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

  8. Opportunities for market-based programs worldwide that reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Initial Observations from Missions to the Philippines, South Africa, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanton-Hoyle, D.R.

    1998-07-01

    Globally, governments and industries are implementing innovative voluntary programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Often these programs encourage groups to use cost effective technologies that capture market-based forces. These programs are successful because they capitalize on existing opportunities where both the environment and the participants can benefit (i.e., win-win opportunities). This paper documents efforts to investigate these kinds of win-win opportunities in three developing countries: the Philippines, South Africa, and Mexico. Initial observations are provided as fresh information from the field, drawing on six missions during the last nine months. Utility costs, interest rates, and overall economic health appear to critically affect opportunities in each country. By contrast, details of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) design and local climate were often important differences between countries. These affect opportunities, for example, to achieve significant savings from cooling systems or not. Looking at the success of ESCOs was somewhat surprising. One might expect to see the most successful ESCO activity where utility costs are high and upgrade opportunities are plentiful (such as in the Philippines). This was not the case, however, as research in the Philippines did not reveal even one active ESCO contract yet. Design practices for new construction were in need of the same thing that helps US design teams do a better job of energy-efficient design, better communications between design team members. Finally, industrial firms were doing a variety of EE upgrades in each country, but this level of activity was relatively small compared to what should be cost effective.

  9. Statement on First Meeting of the United States-Republic of Korea High

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Level Bilateral Commission | Department of Energy First Meeting of the United States-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission Statement on First Meeting of the United States-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission April 14, 2016 - 1:33pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT 202-586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov (SEOUL, South Korea) - U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall and Republic of Korea (ROK) Vice Foreign Minister Cho Tae-Yul co-chaired the first meeting of the

  10. Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    from any African Country, and particularly targets projects from South Africa, Mozambique and Uganda. Applicants need to respond to the attached call for proposals by 16th...

  11. Korea | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Korea Statement on Signing of the Administrative Arrangement to the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (WASHINGTON, D.C.)-Today, Administrator Frank Klotz of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration and Chairman Un Chul Lee of the Republic of Korea's (ROK) Nuclear Safety and Security Commission reached agreement on the terms of the Administrative Arrangement to the... United States

  12. Korea District Heating Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea (Republic) Zip: 463 908 Product: Korea-based organisation seeking to promote energy conservation and improve living standards through the efficient use of district...

  13. Strontium isotope investigation of ungulate movement patterns on the Pleistocene Paleo-Agulhas Plain of the Greater Cape Floristic Region, South Africa

    DOE PAGES-Beta [OSTI]

    Copeland, Sandi R.; Cawthra, Hayley C.; Fisher, Erich C.; Lee-Thorp, Julia A.; Cowling, Richard M.; le Roux, Petrus J.; Hodgkins, Jamie; Marean, Curtis W.

    2016-04-16

    Middle Stone Age sites located within the Greater Cape Floristic Region on the South African southern coast have material culture with early evidence for key modern human behaviors such as projectile weaponry, large animal hunting, and symbolic behavior. In order to interpret how and why these changes evolved, it is necessary to understand their ecological context as it has direct relevance to foraging behavior. During periods of lowered sea level, a largely flat and vast expanse of land existed south of the modern coastline, but it is now submerged by higher sea levels. This exposed area, the Paleo-Agulhas Plain, likelymore » created an ecological context unlike anything in the region today, as evidenced by fossil assemblages dominated by migratory ungulates. One hypothesis is that the Paleo-Agulhas Plain supported a migration ecosystem of large grazers driven by summer rainfall, producing palatable forage during summer in the east, and winter rainfall, producing palatable forage during winter in the west. Furthermore, ungulates may have been moving from the coastal plain in the south to the interior north of the Cape Fold Mountains, as observed for elephants in historic times.« less

  14. Korea Parts and Fasteners KPF | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    KPF Jump to: navigation, search Name: Korea Parts and Fasteners (KPF) Place: Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (Republic) Product: KPF, formerly called Korea Bolt Industries, makes...

  15. Korea Advanced Nano Fab Center KANC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea (Republic) Zip: 443-270 Product: String representation "The Korea Advan ... f nano devices." is too long. References: Korea Advanced Nano Fab Center (KANC)1 This...

  16. NNSA Conducts Two Radiation Medical Training Courses in South...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    "Our partnership on emergency response with South Africa is a significant part of NNSA's effort to improve nuclear security, prevent proliferation and support peaceful uses of ...

  17. Korea Research Reactor -1 & 2 Decommissioning Project in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, S. K.; Chung, U. S.; Jung, K. J.; Park, J. H.

    2003-02-24

    Korea Research Reactor 1 (KRR-1), the first research reactor in Korea, has been operated since 1962, and the second one, Korea Research Reactor 2 (KRR-2) since 1972. The operation of both of them was phased out in 1995 due to their lifetime and operation of the new and more powerful research reactor, HANARO (High-flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor; 30MW). Both are TRIGA Pool type reactors in which the cores are small self-contained units sitting in tanks filled with cooling water. The KRR-1 is a TRIGA Mark II, which could operate at a level of up to 250 kW. The second one, the KRR-2 is a TRIGA Mark III, which could operate at a level of up 2,000 kW. The decontamination and decommissioning (D & D) project of these two research reactors, the first D & D project in Korea, was started in January 1997 and will be completed to stage 3 by 2008. The aim of this decommissioning program is to decommission the KRR-1 & 2 reactors and to decontaminate the residual building structure s and the site to release them as unrestricted areas. KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) submitted the decommissioning plan and the environmental impact assessment reports to the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) for the license in December 1998, and was approved in November 2000.

  18. Health impact assessment in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Eunjeong; Lee, Youngsoo; Harris, Patrick; Koh, Kwangwook; Kim, Keonyeop

    2011-07-15

    Recently, Health Impact Assessment has gained great attention in Korea. First, the Ministry of Environment introduced HIA within existing Environment Impact Assessment. Second, the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs began an HIA program in 2008 in alliance with Healthy Cities. In this short report, these two different efforts are introduced and their opportunities and challenges discussed. We believe these two approaches complement each other and both need to be strengthened. We also believe that both can contribute to the development of health in policy and project development and ultimately to improvements in the Korean population's health.

  19. Fact Sheet: Accelerating the Deployment of EERE Technologies in South

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Africa | Department of Energy Sheet: Accelerating the Deployment of EERE Technologies in South Africa Fact Sheet: Accelerating the Deployment of EERE Technologies in South Africa In 2010, the Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy and the Energy Minister of the Republic of South Africa (RSA) launched the U.S. - RSA Energy Dialogue to facilitate cooperation in a number of areas, including energy efficiency and renewable energy. In support of the U.S. - RSA Energy Dialogue, the U.S.

  20. Geothermal Technologies Office: Download GETEM, August 2012 Beta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovak Republic Slovenia South Africa South Korea Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand...

  1. Algeria ",263,"-",263

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    " "Portugal South Africa ",-65,"719 -","719 65 "," " "South Korea ",280,761,1040," " "Spain ",1295,84,1379," " "Sweden ",728,"-",728," " "Taiwan ","-",86,86," " "Turkey...

  2. Brazil-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in particular around the Copenhagen climate conference of December 2009. Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and South Korea are responsible for about two thirds...

  3. Mexico-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in particular around the Copenhagen climate conference of December 2009. Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and South Korea are responsible for about two thirds...

  4. India-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in particular around the Copenhagen climate conference of December 2009. Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and South Korea are responsible for about two thirds...

  5. Long-Term Natural Gas Infrastructure Needs U.S. Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Canada, France, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, & UK ... Shifting Role of Natural Gas in US Scenarios between 2015-2050 Near term (2015-2030): ...

  6. Fuel Safety Activities in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auh, Geun-Sun; Shin, A.D.; Lee, J.S.; Woo, S.W.; Ryu, Y.H.; Kim, Jun-Hwan; Kim, S.K.; Jeong, Y.H.

    2007-07-01

    The current regulatory requirements for fuel performance were based on earlier test data of fresh or low burnup Zircaloy fuels of less than 40 GWD/MTU. Most countries have not changed the current regulatory requirements even if they are actively investigating the high burnup and new cladding alloy effects. Korea agrees with commonly accepted international consensus that although there are technical issues requiring resolutions, these issues do not constitute immediate safety concerns. The high burnup fuel reactor performance experiences of Korea do not show any major problems even if there have been some burnup related fuel failures which are described in the paper. KINS has recommended the industry to have lower fuel failure rates than 1-2 per 50,000 fuel rods. A research project of High Burnup Fuel Safety Tests and Evaluations has started in 2002 under a joint cooperation of KAERI/KNFC/KEPRI and KINS to obtain performance results of high burnup fuel and to develop evaluation technologies of high burnup fuel safety issues. From 1998, KINS has closely monitored and actively participated in international activities such as OECD/NEA CABRI Water Loop Program to reflect on regulatory requirements if needed. KINS will closely monitor the high burnup fuel performances of Korea to strength the regulatory activities if needed. The research activities in Korea including of LOCA and RIA being performed at KAERI with active supports of the industry are summarized in the paper. (authors)

  7. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  8. South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    MWhyear 23 2008 NREL Coal Reserves 33,241.30 Million Short Tons 9 2008 EIA Natural Gas Reserves 27,160,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 102 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves...

  9. Republic of Korea | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Republic of Korea Statement on Signing of the Administrative Arrangement to the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (WASHINGTON, D.C.)-Today, Administrator Frank Klotz of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration and Chairman Un Chul Lee of the Republic of Korea's (ROK) Nuclear Safety and Security Commission reached agreement on the terms of the Administrative Arrangement to the

  10. Tokai Carbon Korea Co Ltd TCK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Tokai Carbon Korea Co Ltd TCK Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tokai Carbon Korea Co Ltd (TCK) Place: Anseong, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (Republic) Zip: 456-843 Product: Korean...

  11. Korea Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Inc Place: Seoul, Korea (Republic) Sector: Solar Product: Manufacturer of solar collectors, modules, and water heaters. Coordinates: 37.557121, 126.977379 Show Map Loading...

  12. South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Affairs (DEA), Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis,...

  13. Korea Midland Power Co Ltd KOMIPO | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Seoul, Korea (Republic) Zip: 135 791 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Korea-based on-grid power generator that is active in investing into renewable energy. Coordinates:...

  14. Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology KRICT | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    of Chemical Technology KRICT Jump to: navigation, search Name: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT) Place: Yooseong-gu, Daejeon, Korea (Republic) Zip: 305-600...

  15. Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Jump to: navigation, search Name Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change...

  16. United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy...

    Energy Savers

    States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International ...

  17. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access,...

  18. South Korea-ANL Distributed Energy Resources and Demand Side...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    is part of a team that assists the Korean government in analyzing the economic and environmental benefits of distributed resources and demand side management (DSM). DSM has...

  19. MHK Projects/GCK Technology Uldolmok Strait South Korea | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    when it installed a 15ft. GHT in the Strait. During this phase, project partners hope to produce up to 1 MW of power that will be delivered to Jindo Island, with a...

  20. South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    economic development model has been based on natural resources extraction in the oil and gas, forestry, and mining sectors. Based on this model it has become the second wealthiest...

  1. MHK Projects/South Korea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hydro Power Generation Project Technology *MHK TechnologieshyTide Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys << Return to the MHK database...

  2. Korea`s choice of a new generation of nuclear plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redding, J.R.

    1994-12-31

    The ABWR and SBWR design, both under development at GE, provide the best platform for developing the next generation advanced plants. The ABWR, which is rapidly setting the standard for new nuclear reactor plants, is clearly the best choice to meet the present energy needs of Korea. And through a GE/Korea partnership to develop the plant of the next century, Korea will establish itself as a leader in innovative reactor technology.

  3. Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Africa Jump to: navigation, search Select a country above to navigate to that country's page. Additional Categories Countries (53) Programs (286) Tools (31) Back to World Map...

  4. West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(266) Contributor...

  5. SolarWorld Korea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Korea-based JV set up by SolarWorld AG and SolarPark Engineering Co Ltd aimed at manufacturing solar modules and installing utility-scale PV projects. References: SolarWorld...

  6. Clean Coal and Waste to Energy Session

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Brazil Canada China European Union France Germany Greece India Italy Japan Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Saudi Arabia South Africa Korea United Kingdom United ...

  7. Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Company, Ltd Training

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., Ltd. (KHNP), a large electric company based in the Republic of Korea, operates 20 nuclear power plants and has 8 more planned or under ...

  8. N. Korea nuclear talks end without breakthrough, no new meeting...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    N. Korea nuclear talks end without breakthrough, no new meeting scheduled Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2006 (USA Today) The first talks on North Korea's nuclear program since ...

  9. Advanced reactor development programs in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Seong-Yun

    1997-12-01

    As part of the national long-term R&D program launched in 1992, an endeavor has been made in Korea to develop advanced reactor systems with significantly enhanced reliability, safety and economy from those of the current generation of nuclear power plants. The following are advanced reactor systems currently being developed : Korea Next Generation Reactor (KNGR, 1300MWe PWR plant), Korea Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor (KALIMER, 330MWe pool-type liquid metal reactor module), a nuclear cogeneration integral reactor producing 330 MW of thermal power for seawater desalination as well as for small scale electricity generation. This paper summarizes the development program and major technical concept of each advanced reactor system, after briefly introducing the evolution of Korean nuclear power plant construction and standardization program. 1 tab.

  10. AfricaAdapt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Africa Adapt AgencyCompany Organization AfricaAdapt Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learnedbest practices Website http:www.africa-adapt.netAA UN Region Eastern...

  11. South Carolina - Compare - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Carolina South Carolina

  12. South Carolina - Rankings - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Carolina South Carolina

  13. South Carolina - Search - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Carolina South Carolina

  14. Energy resources in southern Africa: a select bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavan, A.

    1981-01-01

    The aims, progress, and possibilities involved in Southern Africa's energy development are the subject of this 473-item bibliography. The primary items of information described in this document are relatively recent (1975-81), originate from both indigenous and international sources, and are mostly in English, although a few are in French and Portuguese. The presented information focuses on the African continent, the Southern African region, and the nations of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The energy source topics include alcohol, coal, gas, oil, solar, uranium, water, wind, and wood; as well as a general energy-development category.

  15. Jatropha Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jatropha Africa Place: Croydon, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: CR0 5LU Product: UK-based biodiesel feedstock company that is growing...

  16. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  17. USAID West Africa Climate Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western...

  18. Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    lt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map Language: English Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Screenshot References:...

  19. Korea Institute of Energy Research KIER | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Daejeon, Korea (Republic) Zip: 305-343 Product: Specialises in energy research, providing research and development in new technologies that support national energy policies....

  20. Korea Parts and Fasteners KPF Plextronics JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Parts and Fasteners (KPF) and Plextronics aimed at building a production line for organic photovoltaic panels and a research and development (R&D) center. References: Korea Parts...

  1. Q Tech Quality Technology Korea Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Product: Manufacturer of components for electronic, telecommunications and automotive industries. References: Q&Tech (Quality & Technology Korea Inc)1 This article is a...

  2. Internet Performance to Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cottrell, L

    2003-10-01

    We report the first results ever for real-time Internet performance to Africa using the PingER methodology. Multiple monitoring hosts were used to enable comparisons with performance from different parts of the world. From these preliminary measurements, we have found that Internet packet losses to some African sites in recent months range from very poor to bad (> 12%), some getting better, others are holding steady or getting worse. This, together with the average monthly Round Trip Times, imply end-to-end maximum TCP throughputs that are order of magnitudes different between countries in the region. Africa is shown to be far from the Internet performance in industrialized nations due to the poor infrastructure in place today. These monitoring efforts can provide valuable information to analyze the relative rates of future improvement and today they help us to quantify the digital divide and can provide quantitative information to policy makers.

  3. Increased use of Renewable Energy in Africa through a Program of Energy Enterprise Development and Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christine Eibs Singer

    2005-03-11

    To provide training in enterprise development and technical applications, local partner capacity building, individualized enterprise development services and seed capital investment to catalyze the creation of sustainable renewable energy enterprises that deliver clean energy services to households and businesses in South Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

  4. Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentspain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an...

  5. ORISE: Radiation Emergency Training for Iraq, South Africa and...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    International Training REACTS Provides International Radiation Emergency Medical Response ... REACTS has conducted radiation emergency medical response training in Iraq, Kuwait, ...

  6. South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies...

  7. Development Impact Assessment (DIA) Case Study: South Africa

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    analysis NAMA Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action NCCRS National Climate Change Response Strategy NDP National Development Plan NGO non-governmental organization ...

  8. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    illustrates the U.S. perspective on LEDS: Integrated development goals and objectives, national greenhouse gas inventory, and economic and resource data Long-term projections of...

  9. South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    The top mitigation priorities were identified as: industrial energy efficiency, renewable energy, nuclear energy, modal shift through improved public transportation, and improved...

  10. South Africa-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    of power generation, whereas renewable energy power generation is a substitute for fossil fuel power generation. As a result, solar water heating transactions are not linked to...

  11. South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Morocco Implement climate change mitigation policy as part of National Plan against Global Warming. PMR Support: Establish MRV framework. Identify and develop crediting NAMAs...

  12. South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    six to eight developing countries to strengthen their national low carbon development strategies and get a "quick start" on NAMAs. The focus will be on reducing emissions of...

  13. South Africa-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    in an effort to build best practice, share tools and research and to create a growing body of knowledge, from a developing country perspective, that is accessible to the...

  14. South Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    and 20 stations, will be completed by June 2009 and shall be operational before the Soccer Confederation Cup in June 2009. Phase 1B (intended to bring the total busways to 63km...

  15. South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    from Buildings AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Buildings Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis,...

  16. South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Markets Climate Initiative (CMCI) is a public-private initiative designed to support the scale up of private finance flows for low carbon technologies, solutions and...

  17. MHK Projects/South Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Ocean Energy Ltd Project Technology *MHK TechnologiesAquaBuoy Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys << Return to the MHK database...

  18. United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This Agreement will facilitate cooperation in the areas of advanced nuclear energy systems and reactor technology. The two countries will collaborate in research and development of ...

  19. South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    4.85 billion from other sources, to accelerate global deployment of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP). It will do so by investing in the CSP programs of five countries in the...

  20. South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studiesexamples, Guidemanual, Lessons learnedbest practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http:www.wri.org...

  1. SouthSouthNorth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    policy environment. SouthSouthNorth contributed to the development of the International Gold Standard label which ensures the highest standards of practice throughout CDM project...

  2. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  3. Central and southern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1981-10-01

    Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

  4. Department of Energy Announces New Clean Energy Partnership with the Republic of Korea

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu and Minister of Knowledge Economy Joong-Kyung Choi of the Republic of Korea sign a new agreement establishing the U.S.-Korea Clean Energy Technology Partnership.

  5. Statement on First Meeting of the United States-Republic of Korea...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of the United States-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission Statement on First Meeting of the United States-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission April ...

  6. Statement on Launch of the U.S.-Republic of Korea High Level...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for Foreign Affairs for the Republic of Korea Cho Tae-yul announced the launch of the ... States of America and the Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear ...

  7. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming...

  8. Renewable Energy Zones for the Africa Clean Energy Corridor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Grace C.; Deshmukh, Ranjit; Ndhlukula, Kudakwashe; Radojicic, Tijana; Reilly, Jessica

    2015-07-01

    Multi-criteria Analysis for Planning Renewable Energy (MapRE) is a study approach developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with the support of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). The approach combines geospatial, statistical, energy engineering, and economic methods to comprehensively identify and value high-quality wind, solar PV, and solar CSP resources for grid integration based on techno-economic criteria, generation profiles (for wind), and socio-environmental impacts. The Renewable Energy Zones for the Africa Clean Energy Corridor study sought to identify and comprehensively value high-quality wind, solar photovoltaic (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) resources in 21 countries in the East and Southern Africa Power Pools to support the prioritization of areas for development through a multi-criteria planning process. These countries include Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Djibouti, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The study includes the methodology and the key results including renewable energy potential for each region.

  9. Statement on Launch of the U.S.-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Commission Pursuant to the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy | Department of Energy Launch of the U.S.-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission Pursuant to the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Statement on Launch of the U.S.-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission Pursuant to the Agreement for Cooperation

  10. Economic Considerations of Nuclear Desalination in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Man-Ki, Lee; Seung-Su, Kim

    2006-07-01

    The objective of this study is to assess the economics of SMART (System-integrated Modular Advanced Reactor) desalination plant in Korea through DEEP (Devaluation Economic Evaluation Program). SMART is mainly designed for the dual purpose of producing water and electricity with the total capacity of 100 MWe which 10 MWe is used for water production and the remains for the electric generation. SMART desalination plant using MED (Multi-Effect Distillation) process is in the stage of the commercial development and its cost information is also being accumulated. In this circumstances, the economic assessment of nuclear desalination by SMART and the effect of water(or electric) supply price to the regional economy is meaningful to the policy maker. This study is focused on the case study analysis about the economics of SMART desalination plant and the meanings of the case study result. This study is composed of two parts. One is prepared to survey the methodology regarding cost allocation between electricity and water in DEEP and the other is for the economic assessment of SMART. The cost allocation methods that have been proposed or used can be classified into two main groups, one is the cost prorating method and the other is the credit method. The cost of an product item in the dual-purpose plant can be determined differently depending on the costing methods adopted. When it comes to applying credit method adopted in this thesis, the production cost of water depends on what kind of the power cost will be chosen in calculating the power credit. This study also analyses the changes of nuclear desalination economics according to the changes of the important factors such as fossil fuel price. I wish that this study can afford to give an insight to the policy maker about SMART desalination plant. (authors)

  11. JPRS report, nuclear developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-02-25

    This report contains articles concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China; (2) Indonesia, North Korea, South Korea, Thailand; (3) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary; (4) Argentina, Brazil, El Salvador, Nicaragua; (5) India, Iran, Bangladesh, Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Pakistan; (6) Soviet Union; (7) France, Germany, Austria, United Kingdom; and (8) South Africa.

  12. North Korea at the crossroads: Nuclear renegade or regional partner?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-05-01

    On March 12, North korea announced its intention to withdraw from the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), rather than accede to the International Atomic Energy Agency`s (IAEA) request for a first-ever special inspection of two undeclared sites believed to hold evidence that Pyongyang had violated its IAEA safeguards agreement. North Korea`s announcement is unprecedented in the history of the NPT, and if Pyongyang takes the other steps necessary for formal withdrawal, it could have serious implications for the region and for the global non-proliferation regime. On April 6, the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States) held private discussions to explore ways to deal with this new challenge posed by North Korea. On that same morning, the Arms Control Association (ACA) held a special news conference to discuss the event and its implications. So the matter is now before the Security Council, and the outcome is tgoing to depend very much on the true nature of the North Korean program, an issue about which there are many different views.

  13. WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information org Extends Global Reach to Africa Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2007 WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all seven continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an

  14. Notices

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    1999. See Antidumping Duty Orders; Certain Stainless Steel Plate in Coils from Belgium, Canada, Italy, the Republic of Korea, South Africa, and Taiwan, 67 FR 27756 (May 21, 1999). ...

  15. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  16. Orangeburg County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Carolina Livingston, South Carolina Neeses, South Carolina North, South Carolina Norway, South Carolina Orangeburg, South Carolina Rowesville, South Carolina Santee, South...

  17. Turner County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Davis, South Dakota Dolton, South Dakota Hurley, South Dakota Irene, South Dakota Marion, South Dakota Monroe, South Dakota Parker, South Dakota Viborg, South Dakota Retrieved...

  18. The estimation of N{sub 2}O emissions from municipal solid waste incineration facilities: The Korea case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Sangwon; Choi, Jun-Ho; Park, Jinwon

    2011-08-15

    The greenhouse gases (GHGs) generated in municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration are carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}), and nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O). In South Korea case, the total of GHGs from the waste incineration facilities has been increasing at an annual rate 10%. In these view, waste incineration facilities should consider to reduce GHG emissions. This study is designed to estimate the N{sub 2}O emission factors from MSW incineration plants, and calculate the N{sub 2}O emissions based on these factors. The three MSW incinerators examined in this study were either stoker or both stoker and rotary kiln facilities. The N{sub 2}O concentrations from the MSW incinerators were measured using gas chromatography-electron capture detection (GC-ECD) equipment. The average of the N{sub 2}O emission factors for the M01 plant, M02 plant, and M03 plant are 71, 75, and 153 g-N{sub 2}O/ton-waste, respectively. These results showed a significant difference from the default values of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC), while approaching those values derived in Japan and Germany. Furthermore, comparing the results of this study to the Korea Energy Economics Institute (KEEI) (2007) data on waste incineration, N{sub 2}O emissions from MSW incineration comprised 19% of the total N{sub 2}O emissions.

  19. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to South Korea (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2009 6.30 2010 -- -- -- -- -- 5.99 -- -- -- 8.12 -- 8.03 2011 7.07 -- -- 8.03 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 14.80 2012 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2013 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2014 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016 -- -- -- --

  20. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2009 0 2,735 2010 0 0 0 0 0 3,103 0 0 0 5,970 0 2,735 2011 3,157 0 0 2,901 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,085 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 0 0 0 0

  1. PPPL teams with South Korea on the forerunner of a commercial...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    a commercial fusion power station By John Greenwald December 21, 2012 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Schematic sketch of the proposed K-DEMO fusion facility. ...

  2. Hybrid LCA model for assessing the embodied environmental impacts of buildings in South Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jang, Minho; Hong, Taehoon; Ji, Changyoon

    2015-01-15

    The assessment of the embodied environmental impacts of buildings can help decision-makers plan environment-friendly buildings and reduce environmental impacts. For a more comprehensive assessment of the embodied environmental impacts of buildings, a hybrid life cycle assessment model was developed in this study. The developed model can assess the embodied environmental impacts (global warming, ozone layer depletion, acidification, eutrophication, photochemical ozone creation, abiotic depletion, and human toxicity) generated directly and indirectly in the material manufacturing, transportation, and construction phases. To demonstrate the application and validity of the developed model, the environmental impacts of an elementary school building were assessed using the developed model and compared with the results of a previous model used in a case study. The embodied environmental impacts from the previous model were lower than those from the developed model by 4.6–25.2%. Particularly, human toxicity potential (13 kg C{sub 6}H{sub 6} eq.) calculated by the previous model was much lower (1965 kg C{sub 6}H{sub 6} eq.) than what was calculated by the developed model. The results indicated that the developed model can quantify the embodied environmental impacts of buildings more comprehensively, and can be used by decision-makers as a tool for selecting environment-friendly buildings. - Highlights: • The model was developed to assess the embodied environmental impacts of buildings. • The model evaluates GWP, ODP, AP, EP, POCP, ADP, and HTP as environmental impacts. • The model presents more comprehensive results than the previous model by 4.6–100%. • The model can present the HTP of buildings, which the previous models cannot do. • Decision-makers can use the model for selecting environment-friendly buildings.

  3. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2009 6.30 2010 -- -- -- -- -- 5.99 -- -- -- 8.12 -- 8.03 2011 7.07 -- -- 8.03 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 14.80 2015 0.00 0.00 0.00 ...

  4. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- 6.30 2010's 7.54 9.98 -- -- -- --

  5. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to South Korea...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- 6.30 2010's 7.54 9.98 --

  6. Freeport, MA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- 6.30 2010's 8.09 10.89 -- -- -- --

  7. Freeport, MA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.07 14.80

  8. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 2,735 2010's 11,809 9,143

  9. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    ARCGIS Shape File, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape File, all Countries...

  10. Africa - CCS capacity building | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property. References CCS Africa1 Funded by the...

  11. Price control survey, continued: Five countries: A South-South perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-24

    Among the developing countries, there are multiple strata today, from star performers to those seemingly stuck in self-deepening poverty. Domestic energy-pricing policy, as it will continue to play its key role in economic development, is scrutinized in this issue featuring five developing nations. They make up some of the world's have not and have little peoples, striving to participate in the world economy. The nations examined are Thailand, South Korea, Chile, Venezuela, and Bolivia. This issue also presents the following: (1) the ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Dec. 20, 1991; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere, December 1991 edition.

  12. Status of low-level radioactive waste management in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, K.J.

    1993-03-01

    The Republic of Korea has accomplished dramatic economic growth over the past three decades; demand for electricity has rapidly grown more than 15% per year. Since the first nuclear power plant, Kori-1 [587 MWe, pressurized water reactor (PWR)], went into commercial operation in 1978, the nuclear power program has continuously expanded and played a key role in meeting the national electricity demand. Nowadays, Korea has nine nuclear power plants [eight PWRs and one Canadian natural uranium reactor (CANDU)] in operation with total generating capacity of 7,616 MWe. The nuclear share of total electrical capacity is about 36%; however, about 50% of actual electricity production is provided by these nine nuclear power plants. In addition, two PWRs are under construction, five units (three CANDUs and two PWRs) are under design, and three more CANDUs and eight more PWRs are planned to be completed by 2006. With this ambitious nuclear program, the total nuclear generating capacity will reach about 23,000 MWe and the nuclear share will be about 40% of the total generating capacity in the year 2006. In order to expand the nuclear power program this ambitiously, enormous amounts of work still have to be done. One major area is radioactive waste management. This paper reviews the status of low-level radioactive waste management in Korea. First, the current and future generation of low-level radioactive wastes are estimated. Also included are the status and plan for the construction of a repository for low-level radioactive wastes, which is one of the hot issues in Korea. Then, the nuclear regulatory system is briefly mentioned. Finally, the research and development activities for LLW management are briefly discussed.

  13. Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 This document outlines major deliverables and commitments from ...

  14. "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot, Department of Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Physics, Rutgers University OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN ...

  15. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Africa: Carbon Finance Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide AgencyCompany...

  16. Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Policy Options for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa AgencyCompany Organization:...

  17. Developing Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Enterprises Programme in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa AgencyCompany Organization Global Village Energy Partnership...

  18. Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Jump to: navigation, search Name Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food...

  19. Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA) Place: Berlin, Germany Zip: 10785 Sector: Renewable...

  20. A Top to Bottom Lithospheric Study of Africa and Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M

    2006-10-31

    We study the lithospheric structure of Africa, Arabia and adjacent oceanic regions with fundamental-mode surface waves over a wide period range. Including short period group velocities allows us to examine shallower features than previous studies of the whole continent. In the process, we have developed a crustal thickness map of Africa. Main features include crustal thickness increases under the West African, Congo, and Kalahari cratons. We find crustal thinning under Mesozoic and Cenozoic rifts, including the Benue Trough, Red Sea, and East, Central, and West African rift systems. Crustal shear wave velocities are generally faster in oceanic regions and cratons, and slower in more recent crust and in active and formerly active orogenic regions. Deeper structure, related to the thickness of cratons and modern rifting, is generally consistent with previous work. Under cratons we find thick lithosphere and fast upper mantle velocities, while under rifts we find thinned lithosphere and slower upper mantle velocities. There are no consistent effects in areas classified as hotspots, indicating that there seem to be numerous origins for these features. Finally, it appears that the African Superswell has had a significantly different impact in the north and the south, indicating specifics of the feature (temperature, time of influence, etc.) to be dissimilar between the two regions. Factoring in other information, it is likely that the southern portion has been active in the past, but that shallow activity is currently limited to the northern portion of the superswell.

  1. United States and the Republic of Korea Sign Agreement for Civil Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Cooperation | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) United States and the Republic of Korea Sign Agreement for Civil Nuclear Cooperation June 15, 2015 Washington, DC - Today Secretary of Energy Ernest J. Moniz and Korean Foreign Minister Yun signed the successor United States - Republic of Korea Agreement for Civil Nuclear Cooperation, or 123 Agreement, as they are referred to in the United States. The United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK) are world leaders in civil

  2. United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting | Department of Energy States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting January 14, 2015 - 9:33am Addthis United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting On

  3. Walworth County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    A. Places in Walworth County, South Dakota Akaska, South Dakota Glenham, South Dakota Java, South Dakota Lowry, South Dakota Mobridge, South Dakota Selby, South Dakota Retrieved...

  4. Laurens County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Clinton, South Carolina Cross Hill, South Carolina Fountain Inn, South Carolina Gray Court, South Carolina Joanna, South Carolina Laurens, South Carolina Mountville, South...

  5. Lexington County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Carolina Oak Grove, South Carolina Pelion, South Carolina Pine Ridge, South Carolina Red Bank, South Carolina Seven Oaks, South Carolina South Congaree, South Carolina...

  6. Day County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    A. Places in Day County, South Dakota Andover, South Dakota Bristol, South Dakota Butler, South Dakota Grenville, South Dakota Lily, South Dakota Pierpont, South Dakota...

  7. Codington County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Glacial Lakes Energy Places in Codington County, South Dakota Florence, South Dakota Henry, South Dakota Kranzburg, South Dakota South Shore, South Dakota Wallace, South Dakota...

  8. Beadle County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    A. Places in Beadle County, South Dakota Broadland, South Dakota Cavour, South Dakota Hitchcock, South Dakota Huron, South Dakota Iroquois, South Dakota Virgil, South Dakota...

  9. Avian survey and field guide for Osan Air Base, Korea.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levenson, J.

    2006-12-05

    This report summarizes the results of the avian surveys conducted at Osan Air Base (AB). This ongoing survey is conducted to comply with requirements of the Environmental Governing Standards (EGS) for the Republic of Korea, the Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (INRMP) for Osan AB, and the 51st Fighter Wing's Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Plan. One hundred ten bird species representing 35 families were identified and recorded. Seven species are designated as Natural Monuments, and their protection is accorded by the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Three species appear on the Korean Association for Conservation of Nature's (KACN's) list of Reserved Wild Species and are protected by the Korean Ministry of Environment. Combined, ten different species are Republic of Korea (ROK)-protected. The primary objective of the avian survey at Osan AB was to determine what species of birds are present on the airfield and their respective habitat requirements during the critical seasons of the year. This requirement is specified in Annex J.14.c of the 51st Fighter BASH Plan 91-212 (51 FW OPLAN 91-212). The second objective was to initiate surveys to determine what bird species are present on Osan AB throughout the year and from the survey results, determine if threatened, endangered, or other Korean-listed bird species are present on Osan AB. This overall census satisfies Criterion 13-3.e of the EGS for Korea. The final objective was to formulate management strategies within Osan AB's operational requirements to protect and enhance habitats of known threatened, endangered, and ROK-protected species in accordance with EGS Criterion 13-3.a that are also favorable for the reproduction of indigenous species in accordance with the EGS Criterion 13-3.h.

  10. Avian Field guide and checklist for Kunsan Air Base, Korea.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levenson, J. B.; Environmental Assessment

    2005-11-15

    This report summarizes the results of the avian surveys conducted at Kunsan Air Base (AB). This on-going survey is conducted to comply with requirements of the Environmental Governing Standards (EGS) for the Republic of Korea, the Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (INRMP) for Kunsan AB, and the 8th Fighter Wing's Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Plan. One hundred sixteen bird species representing 34 families were identified and recorded. Seven species are designated as Cultural Property Monuments, and their protection is accorded by the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Six species appear on the Korean Association for Conservation of Nature's(KACN's) list of Reserved Wild Species and are protected by the Korean Ministry of Environment. Combined, only ten different species are Republic of Korea (ROK)-protected because the Eurasian Spoonbill, Peregrine Falcon, and Eurasian Oystercatcher are listed by both agencies. The primary objective of the avian survey at Kunsan AB was to determine what species of birds are present on the airfield and their respective habitat requirements during the critical seasons of the year. This requirement is specified in Annex C.4.a.(1-4) of the 8th Fighter Wing BASH Plan(8FWOPLAN 91-202). The second objective was to initiate surveys to determine what bird species are present on Kunsan AB throughout the year, and from the survey results determine if threatened, endangered, or other Korean-listed bird species are present on Kunsan AB. This overall census satisfies Criterion 13-3.e of the EGS for Korea. The final objective was to formulate management strategies within Kunsan AB's operational requirements to protect and enhance habitats of known threatened, endangered, and ROK-protected species in accordance with EGS Criterion 13-3.a and also that are favorable for the reproduction of indigenous species in accordance with the EGS Criterion 13-3.h.

  11. Financing Clean Energy Infrastructure in Africa | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Upon arrival to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for the U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz is greeted on the tarmac by Ethiopian Minister of Water and ...

  12. Current and anticipated uses of thermal hydraulic codes in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Kyung-Doo; Chang, Won-Pyo

    1997-07-01

    In Korea, the current uses of thermal hydraulic codes are categorized into 3 areas. The first application is in designing both nuclear fuel and NSSS. The codes have usually been introduced based on the technology transfer programs agreed between KAERI and the foreign vendors. Another area is in the supporting of the plant operations and licensing by the utility. The third category is research purposes. In this area assessments and some applications to the safety issue resolutions are major activities using the best estimate thermal hydraulic codes such as RELAP5/MOD3 and CATHARE2. Recently KEPCO plans to couple thermal hydraulic codes with a neutronics code for the design of the evolutionary type reactor by 2004. KAERI also plans to develop its own best estimate thermal hydraulic code, however, application range is different from KEPCO developing code. Considering these activities, it is anticipated that use of the best estimate hydraulic analysis code developed in Korea may be possible in the area of safety evaluation within 10 years.

  13. Small modular reactor (SMR) development plan in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shin, Yong-Hoon Park, Sangrok; Kim, Byong Sup; Choi, Swongho; Hwang, Il Soon

    2015-04-29

    Since the first nuclear power was engaged in Korean electricity grid in 1978, intensive research and development has been focused on localization and standardization of large pressurized water reactors (PWRs) aiming at providing Korean peninsula and beyond with economical and safe power source. With increased priority placed on the safety since Chernobyl accident, Korean nuclear power R and D activity has been diversified into advanced PWR, small modular PWR and generation IV reactors. After the outbreak of Fukushima accident, inherently safe small modular reactor (SMR) receives growing interest in Korea and Europe. In this paper, we will describe recent status of evolving designs of SMR, their advantages and challenges. In particular, the conceptual design of lead-bismuth cooled SMR in Korea, URANUS with 40∼70 MWe is examined in detail. This paper will cover a framework of the program and a strategy for the successful deployment of small modular reactor how the goals would entail and the approach to collaboration with other entities.

  14. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  15. Roberts County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Country Ethanol LLC Places in Roberts County, South Dakota Claire City, South Dakota Corona, South Dakota New Effington, South Dakota Ortley, South Dakota Peever, South Dakota...

  16. Lancaster County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    County, South Carolina Fort Mill, South Carolina Heath Springs, South Carolina Irwin, South Carolina Kershaw, South Carolina Lancaster Mill, South Carolina Lancaster,...

  17. Charles Mix County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zone Subtype A. Places in Charles Mix County, South Dakota Castalia, South Dakota Dante, South Dakota Geddes, South Dakota Lake Andes, South Dakota Marty, South Dakota...

  18. Aiken County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Burnettown, South Carolina Clearwater, South Carolina Gloverville, South Carolina Jackson, South Carolina Monetta, South Carolina New Ellenton, South Carolina North Augusta,...

  19. Lincoln County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Dakota Hudson, South Dakota Lennox, South Dakota Sioux Falls, South Dakota Tea, South Dakota Worthing, South Dakota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  20. Beaufort County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Burton, South Carolina Hilton Head Island, South Carolina Laurel Bay, South Carolina Port Royal, South Carolina Shell Point, South Carolina Yemassee, South Carolina Retrieved...

  1. Horry County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Loris, South Carolina Myrtle Beach, South Carolina North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina Red Hill, South Carolina Socastee, South Carolina Surfside Beach, South Carolina Retrieved...

  2. Marlboro County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Marlboro County, South Carolina Bennettsville, South Carolina Blenheim, South Carolina Clio, South Carolina McColl, South Carolina Tatum, South Carolina Retrieved from "http:...

  3. Douglas County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    County, South Dakota Armour, South Dakota Corsica, South Dakota Delmont, South Dakota Harrison, South Dakota New Holland, South Dakota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  4. Faulk County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Onaka, South Dakota Orient, South Dakota Pulaski, South Dakota Rockham, South Dakota Seneca, South Dakota Southwest Faulk, South Dakota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  5. Oconee County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Oconee County, South Carolina Salem, South Carolina Seneca, South Carolina Utica, South Carolina Walhalla, South Carolina West Union, South...

  6. Bon Homme County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Homme County, South Dakota Broin Enterprises Places in Bon Homme County, South Dakota Avon, South Dakota Scotland, South Dakota Springfield, South Dakota Tabor, South Dakota...

  7. Partitioned Waveform Inversion Applied to Eurasia and Northern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    bedle, H; Matzel, E; Flanagan, M

    2006-07-27

    . The model now extends as far east in Africa to cover Chad and Niger, and reaches south to cover Zambia. The model is also stretched eastward to cover the eastern half of India, and northward to cover the southern portion of Scandinavia.

  8. Electric power industry in Korea: Past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Hoesung

    1994-12-31

    Electrical power is an indispensable tool in the industrialization of a developing country. An efficient, reliable source of electricity is a key factor in the establishment of a wide range of industries, and the supply of energy must keep pace with the increasing demand which economic growth creates in order for that growth to be sustained. As one of the most successful of all developing countries, Korea has registered impressive economic growth over the last decade, and it could be said that the rapid growth of the Korean economy would not have been possible without corresponding growth in the supply of electric power. Power producers in Korea, and elsewhere in Asia, are to be commended for successfully meeting the challenge of providing the necessary power to spur what some call an economic miracle. The future continues to hold great potential for participants in the electrical power industry, but a number of important challenges must be met in order for that potential to be fully realized. Demand for electricity continues to grow at a staggering rate, while concerns over the environmental impact of power generating facilities must not be ignored. As it becomes increasingly difficult to finance the rapid, and increasingly larger-scale expansion of the power industry through internal sources, the government must find resources to meet the growing demand at least cost. This will lead to important opportunities for the private sector. It is important, therefore, for those interested in participating in the power production industry and taking advantage of the newly emerging opportunities that lie in the Korean market, and elsewhere in Asia, to discuss the relevant issues and become informed of the specific conditions of each market.

  9. Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small- Scale

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Solutions | Department of Energy Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small- Scale Energy Solutions Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small- Scale Energy Solutions June 3, 2014 - 9:04am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Today, the U.S. Government is formally launching an innovative framework under President Obama's Power Africa initiative to increase energy access for underserved populations across sub-Saharan Africa. Over an initial

  10. South Carolina- Net Metering

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April of 2014 the South Carolina legislature unanimously passed S.B. 1189 to create a voluntary Distributed Energy Resource Program. In March 2015 the Public Utilities Commission approved a...

  11. N. Korea nuclear talks end without breakthrough, no new meeting scheduled |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information N. Korea nuclear talks end without breakthrough, no new meeting scheduled Back to the OSTI News Listing for 2006 (USA Today) The first talks on North Korea's nuclear program since the communist nation tested an atomic device ended Friday without an agreement to move ahead on disarmament or schedule further negotiations. ...12/22

  12. Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    and International Organizations, Committee on Foreign Affairs | Department of Energy House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, Committee on Foreign Affairs Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, Committee on Foreign Affairs Testimony of Jonathan Elkind, Acting Assistant Secretary, Office of International Affairs Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global

  13. GHG emission factors developed for the collection, transport and landfilling of municipal waste in South African municipalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Elena; Trois, Cristina

    2013-04-15

    Highlights: ► An average GHG emission factor for the collection and transport of municipal solid waste in South Africa is calculated. ► A range of GHG emission factors for different types of landfills (including dumps) in South Africa are calculated. ► These factors are compared internationally and their implications for South Africa and developing countries are discussed . ► Areas for new research are highlighted. - Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors are used with increased frequency for the accounting and reporting of GHG from waste management. However, these factors have been calculated for developed countries of the Northern Hemisphere and are lacking for developing countries. This paper shows how such factors have been developed for the collection, transport and landfilling of municipal waste in South Africa. As such it presents a model on how international results and methodology can be adapted and used to calculate country-specific GHG emission factors from waste. For the collection and transport of municipal waste in South Africa, the average diesel consumption is around 5 dm{sup 3} (litres) per tonne of wet waste and the associated GHG emissions are about 15 kg CO{sub 2} equivalents (CO{sub 2} e). Depending on the type of landfill, the GHG emissions from the landfilling of waste have been calculated to range from −145 to 1016 kg CO{sub 2} e per tonne of wet waste, when taking into account carbon storage, and from 441 to 2532 kg CO{sub 2} e per tonne of wet waste, when carbon storage is left out. The highest emission factor per unit of wet waste is for landfill sites without landfill gas collection and these are the dominant waste disposal facilities in South Africa. However, cash strapped municipalities in Africa and the developing world will not be able to significantly upgrade these sites and reduce their GHG burdens if there is no equivalent replacement of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) resulting from the Kyoto agreement

  14. North Central","West North Central","South Atlantic","East South...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ...heast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West" ,,"New England","Middle Atlantic","East North Central","West North Central","South Atlantic","East South Central","West South ...

  15. GHG emission factors developed for the recycling and composting of municipal waste in South African municipalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Elena Trois, Cristina

    2013-11-15

    Highlights: • GHG emission factors for local recycling of municipal waste are presented. • GHG emission factors for two composting technologies for garden waste are included. • Local GHG emission factors were compared to international ones and discussed. • Uncertainties and limitations are presented and areas for new research highlighted. - Abstract: GHG (greenhouse gas) emission factors for waste management are increasingly used, but such factors are very scarce for developing countries. This paper shows how such factors have been developed for the recycling of glass, metals (Al and Fe), plastics and paper from municipal solid waste, as well as for the composting of garden refuse in South Africa. The emission factors developed for the different recyclables in the country show savings varying from −290 kg CO{sub 2} e (glass) to −19 111 kg CO{sub 2} e (metals – Al) per tonne of recyclable. They also show that there is variability, with energy intensive materials like metals having higher GHG savings in South Africa as compared to other countries. This underlines the interrelation of the waste management system of a country/region with other systems, in particular with energy generation, which in South Africa, is heavily reliant on coal. This study also shows that composting of garden waste is a net GHG emitter, releasing 172 and 186 kg CO{sub 2} e per tonne of wet garden waste for aerated dome composting and turned windrow composting, respectively. The paper concludes that these emission factors are facilitating GHG emissions modelling for waste management in South Africa and enabling local municipalities to identify best practice in this regard.

  16. Modelling New Particle Formation Events in the South African Savannah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gierens, Rosa; Laakso, Lauri; Mogensen, Ditte; Vakkari, Ville; Beukes, J. P.; Van Zyl, Pieter; Hakola, H.; Guenther, Alex B.; Pienaar, J. J.; Boy, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Africa is one of the less studied continents with respect to atmospheric aerosols. Savannahs are complex dynamic systems sensitive to climate and land-use changes, but the interaction with the atmosphere is not well understood. Atmospheric particles, aka aerosols, affect the climate on regional and global scale, and are an important factor in air quality. In this study measurements from a relatively clean savannah environment in South Africa were used to model new particle formation and growth. There are already some combined long-term measurements of trace gas concentrations together with aerosol and meteorological variables available, but to our knowledge this is the first time detailed simulations, that include all the main processes relevant to particle formation, were done. The results show that both investigated particle formation mechanisms overestimated the formation rates dependency on sulphuric acid. The approach including low volatile organic compounds to the particle formation process was more accurate in describing the nucleation events. To get reliable estimation of aerosol concentration in simulations for larger scales, nucleation mechanisms would need to include organic compounds, at least in southern Africa.

  17. Nuclear power program and technology development in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, Byung-Oke

    1994-12-31

    KEPCO has successfully implemented the construction and operation of nuclear power plants since the early 1970s, and will continue to build safer and more efficient nuclear plants in the future in accordance with the nuclear power development plan previously established. KEPCO will also make every effort to enhance nuclear safety and obtain the public`s acceptance for nuclear power. We are, however, facing the same difficulties, as United States and other countries have, in strengthened regulatory requirements, public acceptance, radwaste disposal, and acquisition of new plant sites despite an active nuclear power program. Story of Ted Turner, CNN; {open_quotes}It ain`t as easy as it looks.{close_quotes} Yes! It is difficult. But we will cope with these issues so that we can promote the nuclear power development and continue to supply a highly economical and clean energy to the world. In this regard, it is my sincere wish that each organization participating in the nuclear industry, especially Korea and United States strengthen their ties and help each other so that we together can successfully accomplish our goals.

  18. Hanson County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Biodiesel Producers LLC Places in Hanson County, South Dakota Alexandria, South Dakota Emery, South Dakota Farmer, South Dakota Fulton, South Dakota Retrieved from "http:...

  19. Berkeley County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jamestown, South Carolina Ladson, South Carolina Moncks Corner, South Carolina St. Stephen, South Carolina Summerville, South Carolina Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  20. Davison County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    LLC Places in Davison County, South Dakota Ethan, South Dakota Loomis, South Dakota Mitchell, South Dakota Mount Vernon, South Dakota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  1. Chester County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zone Subtype A. Places in Chester County, South Carolina Chester, South Carolina Eureka Mill, South Carolina Fort Lawn, South Carolina Gayle Mill, South Carolina Great Falls,...

  2. Union County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Carlisle, South Carolina Jonesville, South Carolina Lockhart, South Carolina Monarch Mill, South Carolina Union, South Carolina Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  3. York County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zone Subtype A. Places in York County, South Carolina Clover, South Carolina Fort Mill, South Carolina Hickory Grove, South Carolina India Hook, South Carolina Lake Wylie,...

  4. Moody County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Colman, South Dakota Egan, South Dakota Flandreau, South Dakota Trent, South Dakota Ward, South Dakota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMoodyCounty,Sout...

  5. Clark County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Clark County, South Dakota Bradley, South Dakota Clark, South Dakota Garden City, South Dakota Naples, South Dakota...

  6. Greenwood County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zone Number 3 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Greenwood County, South Carolina Bradley, South Carolina Cokesbury, South Carolina Coronaca, South Carolina Greenwood, South...

  7. Modelling new particle formation events in the South African savannah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gierens, Rosa; Laakso, Lauri; Mogensen, Ditte; Vakkari, Ville; Buekes, Johan P.; Van Zyl, Pieter; Hakola, H.; Guenther, Alex B.; Pienaar, J. J.; Boy, Michael

    2014-05-28

    Africa is one of the less studied continents with respect to atmospheric aerosols. Savannahs are complex dynamic systems sensitive to climate and land-use changes, but the interaction of these systems with the atmosphere is not well understood. Atmospheric particles, called aerosols, affect the climate on regional and global scales, and are an important factor in air quality. In this study, measurements from a relatively clean savannah environment in South Africa were used to model new particle formation and growth. There already are some combined long-term measurements of trace gas concentrations together with aerosol and meteorological variables available, but to our knowledge this is the first detailed simulation that includes all the main processes relevant to particle formation. The results show that both of the particle formation mechanisms investigated overestimated the dependency of the formation rates on sulphuric acid. From the two particle formation mechanisms tested in this work, the approach that included low volatile organic compounds to the particle formation process was more accurate in describing the nucleation events than the approach that did not. To obtain a reliable estimate of aerosol concentration in simulations for larger scales, nucleation mechanisms would need to include organic compounds, at least in southern Africa. This work is the first step in developing a more comprehensive new particle formation model applicable to the unique environment in southern Africa. Such a model will assist in better understanding and predicting new particle formation – knowledge which could ultimately be used to mitigate impacts of climate change and air quality.

  8. Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    0-800-81350 SOUTH AFRICA 080-09-82158 SOUTH KOREA 82-2-6744-1091 00798-14800-7797 SPAIN 34-91-414-21-70 800-300-907 SWEDEN 46-8-503-34-825 0200-899-946 SWITZERLAND...

  9. South Carolina Clean Energy Summit

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The South Carolina Clean Energy Business Alliance will host the fourth annual Clean Energy Summit. Learn more. 

  10. South Atlantic summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Havran, K.J.; Wiese, J.D.

    1983-12-01

    To date, four Federal offshore oil-and-gas leasing actions have occurred in the South Atlantic Region. Two additional South Atlantic lease offerings remain on the July 1982 final 5-year OCS oil-and-gas leasing schedule before June 1987. The South Atlantic Region consists of three major sedimentary basins: the Carolina Trough, the Blake Plateau, and the Southeast Georgia Embayment. Lease Sale 43, the first in the South Atlantic Region, featured blocks for exploration in the Southeast Georgia Embayment. Offshore operators drilled a total of six exploratory wells on blocks leased in Lease Sale 43. All were dry. The 43 leases from Lease Sale 43 have now expired, some blocks were relinquished earlier by their lease-holders. In the recent Lease Sales 56 and RS-2, and in the South Atlantic Lease Offering (July 1983), blocks leased were largely concentrated in the Carolina Trough Basin. Exploration of these blocks may begin anew in early 1984. The blocks are in deep water and will require careful, long-range planning before drilling can commence. As of July 1983, all 66 leases from the above three sales are active. Two plans of exploration have been approved by Minerals Management Service for exploration on blocks leased in Lease Sale 56. The plans are for Russell Area, Blocks 709 and 710, and Manteo Area, Block 510. Blocks 709 and 710 are held by ARCO, and Block 510 is held by Chevron. Based on current plans of exploration, operations will begin in 1984, first by Chevron, and sometime later by ARCO. Operations will be supported by a temporary service base to be established at Morehead City, North Carolina. 6 references, 4 figures.

  11. NREL: Sustainable NREL - South Entrance Building

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    South Entrance Building A photo of a grey building with a red and white security checkpoint to the right. NREL's South Entrance Building NREL's South Entrance Building on the South ...

  12. Evaluation of food waste disposal options by LCC analysis from the perspective of global warming: Jungnang case, South Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Mi-Hyung; Song, Yul-Eum; Song, Han-Byul; Kim, Jung-Wk; Hwang, Sun-Jin

    2011-09-15

    Highlights: > Various food waste disposal options were evaluated from the perspective of global warming. > Costs of the options were compared by the methodology of life cycle assessment and life cycle cost analysis. > Carbon price and valuable by-products were used for analyzing environmental credits. > The benefit-cost ratio of wet feeding scenario was the highest. - Abstract: The costs associated with eight food waste disposal options, dry feeding, wet feeding, composting, anaerobic digestion, co-digestion with sewage sludge, food waste disposer, incineration, and landfilling, were evaluated in the perspective of global warming and energy and/or resource recovery. An expanded system boundary was employed to compare by-products. Life cycle cost was analyzed through the entire disposal process, which included discharge, separate collection, transportation, treatment, and final disposal stages, all of which were included in the system boundary. Costs and benefits were estimated by an avoided impact. Environmental benefits of each system per 1 tonne of food waste management were estimated using carbon prices resulting from CO{sub 2} reduction by avoided impact, as well as the prices of by-products such as animal feed, compost, and electricity. We found that the cost of landfilling was the lowest, followed by co-digestion. The benefits of wet feeding systems were the highest and landfilling the lowest.

  13. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Korea Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Korea Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Korea Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,901 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 10/31/2016 Next Release Date: 11/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Ex

  14. Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in...

  15. Africa-European Union Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Programme (RECP) that will open new linkages in the energy-economic sector for industrial trade and business cooperation between Africa and Europe reaffirm the commitment to...

  16. Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    this property. Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Screenshot References: African Economy1 "The key questions addressed in the report are as follows: What are the...

  17. Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Abstract "Carbon sequestration through forestry and agroforestry can help mitigate global warming. For Africa, carbon sequestration also represents an opportunity to fund...

  18. Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE PAGES Search Results Published Article: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa Title: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern...

  19. Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSuccessfulEnergyPolicyInterventionsinAfrica&oldid329242" Feedback Contact needs updating Image needs updating Reference...

  20. Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleEnergy,EnvironmentandDevelopmentNetworkforAfrica&oldid765802" Feedback Contact needs updating Image needs updating Reference...

  1. Draft Agenda for U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, Committee on Foreign Affairs Conference Agenda: Residential Energy ...

  2. File:NREL-africa-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Description Africa - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-GHI,...

  3. Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Testimony of Jonathan Elkind, Acting Assistant Secretary, Office of International Affairs Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International ...

  4. Coupled land-ocean-atmosphere processes and South Asian monsoon variability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meehl, G.A.

    1994-10-14

    Results from a global coupled ocean-atmosphere climate model and a model with specified tropical convective heating anomalies show that the South Asian monsoon was an active part of the tropical biennial oscillation (TBO). Convective heating anomalies over Africa and the western Pacific Ocean associated with the TBO altered the simulated pattern of atmospheric circulation for the Northern Hemisphere winter mid-latitude over Asia. This alteration in the mid-latitude circulation maintained temperature anomalies over South Asia through winter and helped set up the land-sea temperature contrast for subsequent monsoon development. South Asian snow cover contributed to monsoon strength but was symptomatic of the larger scale alteration in the mid-latitude atmospheric circulation pattern. 36 refs., 5 figs.

  5. South Oregon Coast Reinforcement.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1998-05-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration is proposing to build a transmission line to reinforce electrical service to the southern coast of Oregon. This FYI outlines the proposal, tells how one can learn more, and how one can share ideas and opinions. The project will reinforce Oregon`s south coast area and provide the necessary transmission for Nucor Corporation to build a new steel mill in the Coos Bay/North Bend area. The proposed plant, which would use mostly recycled scrap metal, would produce rolled steel products. The plant would require a large amount of electrical power to run the furnace used in its steel-making process. In addition to the potential steel mill, electrical loads in the south Oregon coast area are expected to continue to grow.

  6. South Dakota geothermal handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    The sources of geothermal fluids in South Dakota are described and some of the problems that exist in utilization and materials selection are described. Methods of heat extraction and the environmental concerns that accompany geothermal fluid development are briefly described. Governmental rules, regulations and legislation are explained. The time and steps necessary to bring about the development of the geothermal resource are explained in detail. Some of the federal incentives that encourage the use of geothermal energy are summarized. (MHR)

  7. Ch 1 FN South

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    - CHAPTER 1 Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Mississippi New Mexico North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Page Intentionally Left Blank. Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Southern United States VOLUME 1 - CHAPTER 1 October 2016 First Responder Network Authority Amanda Goebel Pereira, AICP NEPA Coordinator First Responder Network Authority U.S. Department of Commerce 12201 Sunrise Valley Dr.

  8. Chapter 2 FN South

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    - CHAPTER 2 Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Mississippi New Mexico North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Page Intentionally Left Blank. Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Southern United States VOLUME 1 - CHAPTER 2 October 2016 First Responder Network Authority Amanda Goebel Pereira, AICP NEPA Coordinator First Responder Network Authority U.S. Department of Commerce 12201 Sunrise Valley Dr.

  9. Non-Economic Determinants of Energy Use in Rural Areas of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annecke, W.

    1999-03-29

    This project will begin to determine the forces and dimensions in rural energy-use patterns and begin to address policy and implementation needs for the future. This entails: Forecasting the social and economic benefits that electrification is assumed to deliver regarding education and women's lives; Assessing negative perceptions of users, which have been established through the slow uptake of electricity; Making recommendations as to how these perceptions could be addressed in policy development and in the continuing electrification program; Making recommendations to policy makers on how to support and make optimal use of current energy-use practices where these are socio-economically sound; Identifying misinformation and wasteful practices; and Other recommendations, which will significantly improve the success of the rural electrification program in a socio-economically sound manner, as identified in the course of the work.

  10. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Ministerial will be co-chaired by U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz and Ethiopian Minister of Energy and Water Alemayehu Tegenu and will be held in Addis Ababa this June. ...

  11. Characteristics of some submarine fan channels, Permian Ecca Group, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bouma, A.H. ); Dev Wickens, H. )

    1991-03-01

    The vary well exposed submarine fan complex in the southwestern part of the Karoo basin permits close examination of channel-fills and in places their associated overbank deposits. The complex comprises five arenaceous fan systems some of which attain 60 m in thickness. The fans are vertically stacked and separated by basinal shale deposits; each system with its own direction of growth. The association of channelized sandstone bodies and thin-bedded sandstone and shale packages in an updip position from predominantly stacked lobe deposits suggest preservation of middle fan settings. A 500 m wide, 20 m thick channel-fill consisting massive amalgamated sandstone beds occupying the channel thalweg occurs in a setting dominated by thin-bedded, ripple-laminated sandstone and shale. Gradual thinning of the channel-fill beds toward the channel edges, lack of internal lateral accretion, and a high width to depth ratio suggests a low sinuous to straight channel. The channel-fill is capped by an abandonment facies characterized by ripple-laminated sandstone and shale. Stacked, laterally offset channel-fill deposits with highly erosional contacts and typical well-bedded overbank deposits form channel-overbank complexes and characterize the mid-fan region of the uppermost fan system. Palaeocurrent directions and gradual diminishing of bed-thickness away from the generally massively bedded, amalgamated channel-fill sandstones confirm a simultaneous channel/overbank origin for these deposits. Levee morphology has not been recognized. Both examples of channel-fills cited reveal part of the complexity of the channelized portions of submarine fans and hence the implications thereof in exploring for hydrocarbon reservoirs.

  12. Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.sciencedirect.comsciencearticlepiiS0301421502000484 Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa...

  13. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  14. McPherson County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Subtype A. Places in McPherson County, South Dakota Central McPherson, South Dakota Eureka, South Dakota Hillsview, South Dakota Leola, South Dakota Long Lake, South Dakota West...

  15. The Regulatory Challenges of Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants in Korea - 13101

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jungjoon; Ahn, Sangmyeon; Choi, Kyungwoo; Kim, Juyoul; Kim, Juyub

    2013-07-01

    As of 2012, 23 units of nuclear power plants are in operation, but there is no experience of permanent shutdown and decommissioning of nuclear power plant in Korea. It is realized that, since late 1990's, improvement of the regulatory framework for decommissioning has been emphasized constantly from the point of view of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s safety standards. And it is known that now IAEA prepare the safety requirement on decommissioning of facilities, its title is the Safe Decommissioning of Facilities, General Safety Requirement Part 6. According to the result of IAEA's Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) mission to Korea in 2011, it was recommended that the regulatory framework for decommissioning should require decommissioning plans for nuclear installations to be constructed and operated and these plans should be updated periodically. In addition, after the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan in March of 2011, preparedness for early decommissioning caused by an unexpected severe accident became also important issues and concerns. In this respect, it is acknowledged that the regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Korea need to be improved. First of all, we identify the current status and relevant issues of regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear power plants compared to the IAEA's safety standards in order to achieve our goal. And then the plan is to be established for improvement of regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear power plants in Korea. After dealing with it, it is expected that the revised regulatory framework for decommissioning could enhance the safety regime on the decommissioning of nuclear power plants in Korea in light of international standards. (authors)

  16. Buffalo County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Buffalo County, South Dakota Fort Thompson, South Dakota North Buffalo, South Dakota Southeast Buffalo, South Dakota Retrieved...

  17. Colleton County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Carolina Lodge, South Carolina Smoaks, South Carolina Walterboro, South Carolina Williams, South Carolina Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleColletonCount...

  18. Hand County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Hand County, South Dakota Miller, South Dakota Northwest Hand, South Dakota Ree Heights, South Dakota St. Lawrence,...

  19. Spink County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Registered Energy Companies in Spink County, South Dakota Redfield Energy LLC Places in Spink County, South Dakota Ashton, South Dakota Brentford, South...

  20. Saluda County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Carolina Monetta, South Carolina Ridge Spring, South Carolina Saluda, South Carolina Ward, South Carolina Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSaludaCounty,S...

  1. ,"South Dakota Natural Gas Summary"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Prices" "Sourcekey","N3050SD3","N3010SD3","N3020SD3","N3035SD3","N3045SD3" "Date","Natural Gas Citygate Price in South Dakota (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","South Dakota Price ...

  2. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamison, Jeremy D.

    2012-02-01

    GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

  3. South American oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    GAO reviewed the petroleum industries of the following eight South American Countries that produce petroleum but are not major exporters: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago. This report discusses the amount of crude oil the United States imports from the eight countries, expected crude oil production for these countries through the year 2010, and investment reforms that these countries have recently made in their petroleum industries. In general, although the United States imports some oil from these countries, as a group, the eight countries are currently net oil importers because combined domestic oil consumption exceeds oil production. Furthermore, the net oil imports are expected to continue to increase through the year 2010, making it unlikely that the United States will obtain increased oil shipments from these countries.

  4. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C.E.; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Barry, B.; Chukwuma; Cottrell, R.L.; Kalim, U.; Mebrahtu, A.; Petitdidier, M.; Rabiu, B.; Reeves, C.; /Earthworks bv, Delft

    2010-06-16

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy

  5. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C. E.

    2010-05-25

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffer some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide either as a direct policy objective

  6. South Dakota/Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Type Active Black Hills Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs (South Dakota) Utility Rebate Program Yes Black Hills Power - Residential Customer Rebate Program (South...

  7. University of South Florida | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Florida Jump to: navigation, search Name: University of South Florida Place: St. Petersburg, Florida Zip: FL 33701 Product: Educational and research university. References:...

  8. South Central Electric Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Central Electric Assn Place: Minnesota Website: www.southcentralelectric.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesSouth-Central-Electric-Association554997227953077...

  9. South Louisiana Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Louisiana Ethanol LLC Place: Louisiana Product: Ethanol production equipment provider. References: South Louisiana Ethanol LLC1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  10. South Texas Blending | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: South Texas Blending Place: Laredo, Texas Zip: 78045 Product: Biodiesel producer based in Texas. References: South Texas Blending1 This article is a stub....

  11. Enernova South America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Enernova South America Jump to: navigation, search Name: Enernova (South America) Place: Brazil Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Subsidiary of Energias do Brasil developing 1GW of...

  12. South Carolina/Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    (South Carolina) Utility Rate Discount Yes Progress Energy Carolinas - Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program (South Carolina) Utility Loan Program No Progress Energy Carolinas...

  13. South Korean energy outlook: Coal and electricity focus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, E.M.; Johnson, C.J.; Li, B.

    1995-03-01

    This paper concisely outlines the capacity for Korea to generate electricity by using coal. Resources (native and imported) as well as facilities are reviewed.

  14. File:NREL-africa-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution (1,650 1,275...

  15. Mobile Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Mobile Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa Because dust can block ... These data are being used by scientists to study the nature of dust storms, how far they ...

  16. Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy SuzaAdam's picture Submitted by SuzaAdam(10) Member 3 March, 2013 - 10:32 On the 15th &...

  17. Solar Energy for Africa SEFA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Product: Involved in the sales of solar and wind products, design installation and maintenance. References: Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA)1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  18. File:NREL-africa-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution...

  19. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    On June 3-4, 2014, the Government of Ethiopia and the Government of the United States co-hosted the U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial (USAEM) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The USAEM ...

  20. Partnering with Africa on Sustainable Energy Development | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Fossil Energy on Facebook Fossil Energy on Twitter Sign up for NewsAlerts Fossil Energy RSS Feeds Related Articles Upon arrival to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for the U.S.-Africa Energy ...

  1. Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Addthis Related Articles Upon arrival to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for the U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz is greeted on the tarmac by Ethiopian ...

  2. Lyman County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Lyman County, South Dakota Black Dog, South Dakota East Lyman, South Dakota Kennebec, South Dakota Lower Brule, South Dakota...

  3. Edgemont, South Dakota, Disposal Site Fact Sheet

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Edgemont, South Dakota, Disposal Site This fact sheet provides information about the Edgemont, South Dakota, Disposal Site. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management under Title II of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978. Location of the Edgemont, South Dakota, Disposal Site Site Description and History The former Edgemont uranium mill is located in Edgemont, South Dakota, in Fall River County near the southwest corner of South Dakota.

  4. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  5. Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R.; Trois, C.

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

  6. The characteristics of local atmospheric circulation around the Wolsung NPP in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, G.B.; Lee, M.C.; Song, Y.I.

    1998-12-31

    The transport of air pollutants in coastal regions has been known to be strongly affected by the mesoscale atmospheric circulations such as sea-land breezes. These mesoscale atmospheric circulations depend on synoptic weather conditions. In this study, a three-dimensional sea-land breeze model was developed to evaluate the effects of the sea and land breezes on the atmospheric dispersion of radioactive materials released from nuclear power plants in Korea. In the model, the hydrostatic primitive equations in the terrain-following coordinate system were used. The mesoscale atmospheric circulation simulation were carried out under various synoptic weather conditions for all seasons around the Wolsung nuclear power plant site.

  7. Calhoun County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone Number 3 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Calhoun County, South Carolina Cameron, South Carolina St. Matthews, South Carolina Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  8. Florence County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Generation Facilities in Florence County, South Carolina Stone Container Florence Mill Biomass Facility Places in Florence County, South Carolina Coward, South Carolina...

  9. South Valley Archived Soil & Groundwater Master Reports | Department...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    South Valley Archived Soil & Groundwater Master Reports South Valley - South Valley Plume (16.5 KB) More Documents & Publications Slick Rock Archived Soil & Groundwater Master ...

  10. Fairfield County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    A. Registered Energy Companies in Fairfield County, South Carolina RTEV Inc Ruff Tuff Electric Vehicles Places in Fairfield County, South Carolina Blythewood, South Carolina...

  11. Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia Place: South Australia,...

  12. McCook County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in McCook County, South Dakota Bridgewater, South Dakota Canistota, South Dakota Montrose, South Dakota Salem, South Dakota...

  13. Review of South American mines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-07-01

    A general overview is presented of the mining activity and plans for South America. The countries which are presented are Columbia, Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Chile, Peru, and Bolivia. The products of the mines include coal, bauxite, gold, iron, uranium, copper and numerous other minor materials. A discussion of current production, support and processing facilities, and mining strategies is also given.

  14. South Bronx Overall Economic Development Corporation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-09-01

    This is a fact sheet that describes the energy efficient design and appliances that were used in South Bronx apartments.

  15. ORAU South Campus Facility | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ORAU South Campus Facility ORAU South Campus Facility This document discusses the ORAU South Campus Facility. Topics include: * The area's safety * Any use limitations for the area * History and cleanup background for this area * How DOE's cleanup program addressed the problem ORAU South Campus Facility (804.48 KB) More Documents & Publications Bethel Valley Watershed Cleanup Progress Report - 2011 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Cleanup

  16. Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Why it makes sense for one technical college in Charleston, South Carolina is adding weatherization programs to their curriculum.

  17. Correlation between plate motions and tectonic subsidence of sedimentary basins in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janssen, M.E. )

    1993-09-01

    From the early Mesozoic until the Holocene, the African continent was generally in a state of extension, based on plate tectonic reconstructions and sedimentary basin subsidence studies. Beginning with the breakup of Gondwana in the Permian-Triassic, this resulted in the formation of the present-day African continental margins and a series of intracontinental rift basins, located mainly on older (late Proterozoic) shear zones. Numerous wells from marginal, as well as intracontinental rift basins, have been backstripped to elucidate their Mesozoic and Tertiary tectonic histories. They show a generally consistent patterns of subsidence and uplift phases in all basins. During the evolution of these basins, the direction of African plate motion changed several times. This was related to the differential opening of the central and south Atlantic oceans, changes in spreading rates in both the Atlantic and Indian oceans, and the collision between Africa and Europe. Episodes of compressional deformation related to these plate tectonic changes are revealed in backstripped tectonic subsidence curves.

  18. A solar box cooker for mass production in East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Funk, P.A.; Wilcke, W.F.

    1992-12-31

    A solar box cooker produced in Tanzania, East Africa with indigenous materials is described. When compared to a commercially produced glass and cardboard one, it was found to perform as well. Heat transfer through each major component of the cooker is presented. The smallest losses were through the walls of the box. The greatest losses were observed in the cover system.

  19. Development of an Integrated Natural Barrier Database System for Site Evaluation of a Deep Geologic Repository in Korea - 13527

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Haeryong; Lee, Eunyong; Jeong, YiYeong; Lee, Jeong-Hwan

    2013-07-01

    Korea Radioactive-waste Management Corporation (KRMC) established in 2009 has started a new project to collect information on long-term stability of deep geological environments on the Korean Peninsula. The information has been built up in the integrated natural barrier database system available on web (www.deepgeodisposal.kr). The database system also includes socially and economically important information, such as land use, mining area, natural conservation area, population density, and industrial complex, because some of this information is used as exclusionary criteria during the site selection process for a deep geological repository for safe and secure containment and isolation of spent nuclear fuel and other long-lived radioactive waste in Korea. Although the official site selection process has not been started yet in Korea, current integrated natural barrier database system and socio-economic database is believed that the database system will be effectively utilized to narrow down the number of sites where future investigation is most promising in the site selection process for a deep geological repository and to enhance public acceptance by providing readily-available relevant scientific information on deep geological environments in Korea. (authors)

  20. Cost effective waste management through composting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R.; Trois, C.

    2012-12-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The financial/social/institutional sustainability of waste management in Africa is analysed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note is a compendium of a study on the potential for GHG control via improved zero waste in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study provides the framework for Local Authorities for realizing sustained GHG reductions. - Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per person from urban waste management activities are greater in sub-Saharan African countries than in other developing countries, and are increasing as the population becomes more urbanised. Waste from urban areas across Africa is essentially dumped on the ground and there is little control over the resulting gas emissions. The clean development mechanism (CDM), from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol has been the vehicle to initiate projects to control GHG emissions in Africa. However, very few of these projects have been implemented and properly registered. A much more efficient and cost effective way to control GHG emissions from waste is to stabilise the waste via composting and to use the composted material as a soil improver/organic fertiliser or as a component of growing media. Compost can be produced by open windrow or in-vessel composting plants. This paper shows that passively aerated open windrows constitute an appropriate low-cost option for African countries. However, to provide an usable compost material it is recommended that waste is processed through a materials recovery facility (MRF) before being composted. The paper demonstrates that material and biological treatment (MBT) are viable in Africa where they are funded, e.g. CDM. However, they are unlikely to be instigated unless there is a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol, which ceases for Registration in December 2012.

  1. Greenhouse gas emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, R.L.; Perlack, R.D.; Prasad, A.M.G.; Ranney, J.W.; Waddle, D.B.

    1990-11-01

    Current and future carbon emissions from land-use change and energy consumption were analyzed for Sub-Saharan Africa. The energy sector analysis was based on UN energy data tapes while the land-use analysis was based on a spatially-explicit land-use model developed specifically for this project. The impacts of different energy and land-use strategies on future carbon emissions were considered. (A review of anthropogenic emissions of methane, nitrous oxides, and chlorofluorocarbons in Sub-Saharan Africa indicated that they were probably minor in both a global and a regional context. The study therefore was focused on emissions of carbon dioxide.) The land-use model predicts carbon emissions from land use change and the amount of carbon stored in vegetation (carbon inventory) on a yearly basis between 1985 and 2001. Emissions and inventory are modeled at 9000 regularly-spaced point locations in Sub-Saharan Africa using location-specific information on vegetation type, soils, climate and deforestation. Vegetation, soils, and climate information were derived from continental-scale maps while relative deforestation rates(% of forest land lost each year) were developed from country-specific forest and deforestation statistics (FAO Tropical Forest Resources Assessment for Africa, 1980). The carbon emissions under different land use strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa were analyzed by modifying deforestation rates and altering the amount of carbon stored under different land uses. The considered strategies were: preservation of existing forests, implementation of agroforestry, and establishment of industrial tree plantations. 82 refs., 16 figs., 25 tabs.

  2. Implementation of the Clean Development Mechanism in Asia and...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Pacific" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean,...

  3. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-12-02

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Taiwan; (4) Hungary, Yugoslavia; (5) Brazil, Argentina; (6) Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland.

  4. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-12-13

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Taiwan; (4) Hungary; (5) Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Austria, Germany, United Kingdom.

  5. Concentrating Solar Power Projects | Concentrating Solar Power | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Projects SolarPACES Snapshot SolarPACES, an international program of the International Energy Agency, furthers collaborative development, testing, and marketing of concentrating solar power plants. Activities include testing large-scale systems and developing advanced technologies, components, instrumentation, and analysis techniques. Founded in 1977, SolarPACES now has 13 members: Algeria, Australia, Egypt, the European Commission, France, Germany, Israel, Mexico, South Africa, South Korea,

  6. Hye Jin Choi | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    BA in Chemistry Education, Seoul National University, South Korea MS in Chemistry Education, Seoul National University, South Korea PhD in Chemistry, Seoul National University, ...

  7. Multivariate Statistical Analysis Strategies for Hyperspectral...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    held May 26, 2011 in Seoul, South Korea.; Related Information: Proposed for ... Union of Microbeam Analysis Scoieties held May 26, 2011 in Seoul, South Korea

  8. Hyun-shik Chang | Savannah River Ecology Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    in the department of environmental engineering at Inha University, Incheon, South Korea. ... Then, I served a year in Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea as an invited ...

  9. Waste management activities and carbon emissions in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R.; Trois, C.

    2011-01-15

    This paper summarizes research into waste management activities and carbon emissions from territories in sub-Saharan Africa with the main objective of quantifying emission reductions (ERs) that can be gained through viable improvements to waste management in Africa. It demonstrates that data on waste and carbon emissions is poor and generally inadequate for prediction models. The paper shows that the amount of waste produced and its composition are linked to national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Waste production per person is around half that in developed countries with a mean around 230 kg/hd/yr. Sub-Saharan territories produce waste with a biogenic carbon content of around 56% (+/-25%), which is approximately 40% greater than developed countries. This waste is disposed in uncontrolled dumps that produce large amounts of methane gas. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from waste will rise with increasing urbanization and can only be controlled through funding mechanisms from developed countries.

  10. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  11. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  12. Save Energy Now South Carolina | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    South Carolina Save Energy Now South Carolina Map of Southeastern U.S. with South Carolina highlighted South Carolina is home to a diverse manufacturing base with more than 3,500 industries. The manufacturing sector in South Carolina accounts for approximately 40% of the energy consumed in the state. The South Carolina Manufacturing Extension Program (SCMEP) and South Carolina Energy Office (SCEO) have partnered to help the state's industrial sector reduce its energy intensity by 2.5 percent

  13. South Alabama Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Geothermal Heat Pumps Heat Pumps Building Insulation Windows Doors Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator South Alabama...

  14. Chicago South, Illinois, Site Fact Sheet

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    South, Illinois, Site. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. Chicago South, Illinois, Site Chicago South Site Chicago Cicero Evanston Gary Hammond ILLINOIS INDIANA 45 41 12 20 231 14 6 30 41 55 80 90 294 88 65 94 290 57 80 94 90 294 Lake Michigan M:\LTS\111\0001\10\S03053\S0305300.mxd smithw 09/15/2011 1:06:41 PM 0 10 20 Miles Springfield ILLINOIS Location of the Chicago South, Illinois, Site

  15. Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic Ocean Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Aeromagnetic Survey And...

  16. South Carolina Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Carolina nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State ...

  17. South Jersey Industries | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jersey Industries Jump to: navigation, search Name: South Jersey Industries Place: Folsom, New Jersey Zip: 8037 Sector: Services Product: An energy services holding company....

  18. South Woodstock, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Woodstock, Connecticut: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.9389864, -71.9595179 Show Map Loading map......

  19. Investigation of relativistic runaway electrons in electron cyclotron resonance heating discharges on Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, C. S.; Lee, S. G.

    2014-07-15

    The behavior of relativistic runaway electrons during Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) discharges is investigated in the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research device. The effect of the ECRH on the runaway electron population is discussed. Observations on the generation of superthermal electrons during ECRH will be reported, which will be shown to be consistent with existing theory for the development of a superthermal electron avalanche during ECRH [A. Lazaros, Phys. Plasmas 8, 1263 (2001)].

  20. Energy Secretary Moniz to Deliver Keynote Remarks at Powering Africa Summit

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz will deliver keynote remarks at the Powering Africa Summit in Washington, D.C.

  1. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract

  2. The MetroPCS South Florida Fuel Cell Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    South Florida The MetroPCS South Florida Fuel Cell Project Thomas Browning December 7th, 2011 South Florida FCC 8 Hour Mandate * The Katrina Panel * The FCC Mandates 8 hours of ...

  3. Haakon County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Haakon County, South Dakota Midland, South Dakota Philip, South Dakota Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHaakonCounty,So...

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on

  5. First results on disruption mitigation by massive gas injection in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu Yaowei; Kim, Young-Ok; Kim, Hak-Kun; Kim, Hong-Tack; Kim, Woong-Chae; Kim, Kwang-Pyo; Son, Soo-Hyun; Bang, Eun-Nam; Hong, Suk-Ho; Yoon, Si-Woo; Zhuang Huidong; Chen Zhongyong

    2012-12-15

    Massive gas injection (MGI) system was developed on Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) in 2011 campaign for disruption studies. The MGI valve has a volume of 80 ml and maximum injection pressure of 50 bar, the diameter of valve orifice to vacuum vessel is 18.4 mm, the distance between MGI valve and plasma edge is {approx}3.4 m. The MGI power supply employs a large capacitor of 1 mF with the maximum voltage of 3 kV, the valve can be opened in less than 0.1 ms, and the amount of MGI can be controlled by the imposed voltage. During KSTAR 2011 campaign, MGI disruptions are carried out by triggering MGI during the flat top of circular and limiter discharges with plasma current 400 kA and magnetic field 2-3.5 T, deuterium injection pressure 39.7 bar, and imposed voltage 1.1-1.4 kV. The results show that MGI could mitigate the heat load and prevent runaway electrons with proper MGI amount, and MGI penetration is deeper under higher amount of MGI or lower magnetic field. However, plasma start-up is difficult after some of D{sub 2} MGI disruptions due to the high deuterium retention and consequently strong outgassing of deuterium in next shot, special effort should be made to get successful plasma start-up after deuterium MGI under the graphite first wall.

  6. Development of frequency modulation reflectometer for Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seo, Seong-Heon; Wi, H. M.; Lee, W. R.; Kim, H. S.; Lee, T. G.; Kim, Y. S.; Park, Jinhyung; Kang, Jin-Seob; Bog, M. G.; Yokota, Y.; Mase, A.

    2013-08-15

    Frequency modulation reflectometer has been developed to measure the plasma density profile of the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak. Three reflectometers are operating in extraordinary polarization mode in the frequency range of Q band (33.6–54 GHz), V band (48–72 GHz), and W band (72–108 GHz) to measure the density up to 7 × 10{sup 19} m{sup −3} when the toroidal magnetic field is 2 T on axis. The antenna is installed inside of the vacuum vessel. A new vacuum window is developed by using 50 μm thick mica film and 0.1 mm thick gold gasket. The filter bank of low pass filter, notch filter, and Faraday isolator is used to reject the electron cyclotron heating high power at attenuation of 60 dB. The full frequency band is swept in 20 μs. The mixer output is directly digitized with sampling rate of 100 MSamples/s. The phase is obtained by using wavelet transform. The whole hardware and software system is described in detail and the measured density profile is presented as a result.

  7. EM Forum in South Carolina Focuses on Innovative Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Forum in South Carolina Focuses on Innovative Technologies to Improve Cleanup, Reduce Costs EM Forum in South Carolina Focuses on Innovative Technologies to Improve Cleanup, Reduce ...

  8. South Eliot, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Eliot, Maine: Energy Resources (Redirected from South Eliot, ME) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.1081433, -70.7775543 Show Map Loading...

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Furnishing Retailer...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    South Florida Furnishing Retailer Relies on Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Furnishing Retailer Relies on Natural Gas on ...

  10. South Asia Energy Management Systems Inc SAEMS | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Management Systems Inc SAEMS Jump to: navigation, search Name: South Asia Energy Management Systems, Inc. (SAEMS) Place: California Product: South Asia Energy is...

  11. South Kentucky RECC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    South Kentucky Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation (RECC) provides service to more than 60,000 customers in southeastern Kentucky. To promote energy efficiency to residential customers, South...

  12. City of Rock Hill, South Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hill, South Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Rock Hill Place: South Carolina Phone Number: 803-325-2500 Website: www.cityofrockhill.comdepartm...

  13. State and Local Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Christine Herbert, South-central Partnership for Energy Efficiency as a Resource View the Presentation...

  14. Sustainable Development Strategy for South Asia | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Sustainable Development Strategy for South Asia AgencyCompany Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific...

  15. Sangzhi South Hydropower Exploitation Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Hydropower Exploitation Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sangzhi South Hydropower Exploitation Co., Ltd Place: Sangzhi, Hunan Province, China Zip: 427100 Sector:...

  16. South Feather Water and Power Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Feather Water and Power Agency Jump to: navigation, search Name: South Feather Water and Power Agency Place: California Website: southfeather.com Outage Hotline: (530)...

  17. City of Miller, South Dakota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Miller, South Dakota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Miller Place: South Dakota Phone Number: (605) 853-2705 Website: millersd.orgmillercity-of-mi...

  18. Appliance Standby Power and Energy Consumption in South African...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Standby Power and Energy Consumption in South African Households Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Appliance Standby Power and Energy Consumption in South...

  19. South Dakota Department of Natural Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    development in South Dakota related to the exploration and development of oil and gas resources. References "South Dakota Department of Natural Resources" Retrieved...

  20. Rapid City, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    under South Dakota's At-large congressional district.12 Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Rapid City, South Dakota 2 Registered Energy Companies in Rapid...

  1. Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

  2. US South Coast Air Quality Management District SCAQMD | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Coast Air Quality Management District SCAQMD Jump to: navigation, search Name: US South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Place: Diamond Bar, California Zip: CA...

  3. Richland County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    LLC PFCT South Carolina Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance US National Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization Places in Richland County, South Carolina Arcadia...

  4. Hellisheidi Geothermal Power Station - South Iceland | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    - South Iceland Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Hellisheidi Geothermal Power Station - South Iceland Published...

  5. REEEP South Asia Regional Secretariat | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Asia Regional Secretariat Jump to: navigation, search Name: REEEP South Asia Regional Secretariat Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110 003 Product: Regional...

  6. South Carolina's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in South Carolina's 3rd congressional district Aiken Electric Cooperative Inc Verde Biofuels Inc Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSouthCarolina%27s...

  7. City of Orangeburg, South Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    City of Orangeburg, South Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Orangeburg Place: South Carolina Phone Number: 803- 268-4000 Website:...

  8. City of Groton, South Dakota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Groton, South Dakota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Groton Place: South Dakota Phone Number: (605) 397-8422 Website: www.grotonsd.govcityelectric...

  9. City of Howard, South Dakota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Howard, South Dakota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Howard Place: South Dakota Phone Number: (605) 772-4391 Website: www.cityofhoward.comindex.asp...

  10. Greenville County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Climate Zone Subtype A. Registered Energy Companies in Greenville County, South Carolina Sky Energy Inc Verde Biofuels Inc Waste2Energy Holdings Places in Greenville County, South...

  11. City of Seneca, South Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Seneca Place: South Carolina Phone Number: 864-885-2723 Website: senecalightandwater.com Outage Hotline:...

  12. Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

  13. City of South Norwalk, Connecticut (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Norwalk, Connecticut (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of South Norwalk Place: Connecticut Phone Number: (203) 866-3366 Website: snew.org Outage...

  14. South Carolina Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance Jump to: navigation, search Name: South Carolina Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance Place: Columbia, South Carolina Zip: 29201 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen...

  15. New South Wales, Australia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Wales, Australia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name New South Wales, Australia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2155400 Coordinates -33, 146 Show Map...

  16. South West Interconnected System SWIS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: South West Interconnected System (SWIS) Place: Perth, Western Australia, Australia Zip: 6000 Product: Utility serving South West Australia, a subsidiary of...

  17. South River EMC- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River EMC offers a variety of rebates encouragings its members to invest in energy efficient appliances, equipment, and home upgrades. Incentives are available for a variety of energy...

  18. Chicago Office 9800 South Cass Avenue

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Office of Science Chicago Office 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439 *tf N R OMNP MEMORANDUM FOR GREGORY H. WOODS GENERAL COUNSEL GC-1FORS FROM: SUBJECT: ROXANNE E. ...

  19. Action South Facing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Action South Facing Place: United Kingdom Zip: HP2 6HG Sector: Buildings Product: UK-based installer of grid-connected PV systems on commercial buildings in...

  20. Summer Wildfire Engulfs Edgemont, South Dakota, Site

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On July 17 and 18, 2016, a fast-moving, naturally caused wildfire burned over the 360-acre Edgemont, South Dakota, Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) Title II disposal site. The U...

  1. Cadmium exposure and cardiovascular disease in the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Mi-Sun; Park, Sung Kyun; Hu, Howard; Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI ; Lee, Sundong; Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Oriental Medicine, Sangji University, Wonju, Kangwon

    2011-01-15

    Background: Limited epidemiologic data are available concerning the cardiovascular effects of cadmium exposure, although recent studies suggest associations with myocardial infarction and peripheral arterial disease. We examined the associations of cadmium exposure with cardiovascular disease in nationally representative general Korean adults. Methods: We used cross-sectional data on blood cadmium and self-reported diagnoses of ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and hypertension in a sub-sample of 1908 adults, aged 20 years and older, who participated in the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). We used survey logistic regression models accounting for the complex sampling design to estimate the odds ratios (OR), adjusting for age, education, income, alcohol, smoking, body mass index, waist circumference, family history of hypertension, blood pressure, and blood lead. Results: The geometric mean of blood cadmium was 1.53 {mu}g/L. After adjusting for potential confounders, an interquartile range (IQR) increase in blood cadmium (0.91 {mu}g/L) was found to be associated with an increased risk for IHD (OR 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-3.4). An IQR increase in blood cadmium was found to be associated with an elevated risk for hypertension only among men (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.8) but not among women. No association was observed with stroke in both genders. Conclusions: These findings suggest that cadmium in blood may be associated with an increased risk for IHD and hypertension in the general Korean adult population.

  2. A nuclear physics program at the Rare Isotope Beams Accelerator Facility in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, Chang-Bum

    2014-04-15

    This paper outlines the new physics possibilities that fall within the field of nuclear structure and astrophysics based on experiments with radioactive ion beams at the future Rare Isotope Beams Accelerator facility in Korea. This ambitious multi-beam facility has both an Isotope Separation On Line (ISOL) and fragmentation capability to produce rare isotopes beams (RIBs) and will be capable of producing and accelerating beams of wide range mass of nuclides with energies of a few to hundreds MeV per nucleon. The large dynamic range of reaccelerated RIBs will allow the optimization in each nuclear reaction case with respect to cross section and channel opening. The low energy RIBs around Coulomb barrier offer nuclear reactions such as elastic resonance scatterings, one or two particle transfers, Coulomb multiple-excitations, fusion-evaporations, and direct capture reactions for the study of the very neutron-rich and proton-rich nuclides. In contrast, the high energy RIBs produced by in-flight fragmentation with reaccelerated ions from the ISOL enable to explore the study of neutron drip lines in intermediate mass regions. The proposed studies aim at investigating the exotic nuclei near and beyond the nucleon drip lines, and to explore how nuclear many-body systems change in such extreme regions by addressing the following topics: the evolution of shell structure in areas of extreme proton to neutron imbalance; the study of the weak interaction in exotic decay schemes such as beta-delayed two-neutron or two-proton emission; the change of isospin symmetry in isobaric mirror nuclei at the drip lines; two protons or two neutrons radioactivity beyond the drip lines; the role of the continuum states including resonant states above the particle-decay threshold in exotic nuclei; and the effects of nuclear reaction rates triggered by the unbound proton-rich nuclei on nuclear astrophysical processes.

  3. South America: everybody is drilling almost everywhere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    A group of studies describes accomplishments in 1980 in South America drilling and producing. There may be 3285 wells drilled during 1980, with the majority in Venezuela, Argentina and Peru, compared with a 2934 total for all countries on the continent in 1979. Reserves at the end of 1979 in South America exceeded 27 billion bbl, and production averaged 3.8 million bpd. Individual country reports are given for Venezuela, Argentina, Brazil, Trinidad, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Urauguay, and Guyana.

  4. A communication infrastructure for South Western Electricity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newbury, J.

    1996-07-01

    In response to deregulation, many UK Regional Electricity Companies (RECs) are currently considering redesigning their communication infrastructure to meet this and other business requirements. This paper presents a proposed communication infrastructure for South Western Electricity plc. The Company services a wide variety of customers in the South West of England. The supporting technology, REC and customer benefits, together with valued added services (VAS) will be addressed.

  5. Computer Security for Commercial Nuclear Power Plants - Literature Review for Korea Hydro Nuclear Power Central Research Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duran, Felicia Angelica; Waymire, Russell L.

    2013-10-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is providing training and consultation activities on security planning and design for the Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Central Research Institute (KHNPCRI). As part of this effort, SNL performed a literature review on computer security requirements, guidance and best practices that are applicable to an advanced nuclear power plant. This report documents the review of reports generated by SNL and other organizations [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Nuclear Energy Institute, and International Atomic Energy Agency] related to protection of information technology resources, primarily digital controls and computer resources and their data networks. Copies of the key documents have also been provided to KHNP-CRI.

  6. Secretary Chu Meets with South Carolina Small Businesses | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy with South Carolina Small Businesses Secretary Chu Meets with South Carolina Small Businesses August 24, 2011 - 3:15pm Addthis Congressman James Clyburn speaks to South Carolina small business owners | Courtesy of Damien LaVera Congressman James Clyburn speaks to South Carolina small business owners | Courtesy of Damien LaVera Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs South Carolina's Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College is helping to leverage local

  7. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  8. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy Secretary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Ernest Moniz and Ethiopian Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy Alemayehu Tegenu | Department of Energy -Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz and Ethiopian Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy Alemayehu Tegenu U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz and Ethiopian Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy Alemayehu Tegenu June 6, 2014 - 11:15am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 The U.S.-Africa

  9. Ministers Meet in Addis Ababa for U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    On 3-4 June 2014, Secretary Moniz co-chaired the U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial (USAEM) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with the Government of Ethiopia. High-level delegations from over ...

  10. Secretary Moniz to Lead Delegation to U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... and list of speakers, can be found HERE. Addthis Related Articles Upon arrival to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for the U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest ...

  11. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    News Media Contact 202-586-4940 The U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial (USAEM) was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 3-4 June 2014 at the African Union Conference Center. The two-day ...

  12. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  13. Review: 1991 industry developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1992-01-01

    This is NUEXCO`s annual summary of the previous year`s (1991) events. There are reviews of major nuclear developments in each continent, as well as international developments. Specific topics include fuels, waste management, new facilities, and decommissioning. Nuclear activities in the following countries are noted: South Africa, Yemen, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Namibia, France, Japan, Taiwan, China, Korea, India, Pakistan, Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Italy, Czechoslovakia, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, and Uraguay.

  14. Example Application for Cori Phase II Early Access for NESAP code EMGeo

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Examining Future Global Transportation Energy Demand For EIA Energy Conference July 11, 2016 | Washington, DC By John Maples Outline * Model overview - Passenger travel - Freight travel - Energy consumption for 16 regions: * USA, Canada, Mexico/Chile, OECD Europe, Japan, S. Korea, Australia/New Zealand * Russia, Non-OECD Europe/Eurasia, China, India, Non-OECD Asia, Middle East, Africa, Brazil, Other South/Central * IEO2016 Reference case transportation projections * Preliminary scenario results

  15. Executive Summary

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Examining Future Global Transportation Energy Demand For EIA Energy Conference July 11, 2016 | Washington, DC By John Maples Outline * Model overview - Passenger travel - Freight travel - Energy consumption for 16 regions: * USA, Canada, Mexico/Chile, OECD Europe, Japan, S. Korea, Australia/New Zealand * Russia, Non-OECD Europe/Eurasia, China, India, Non-OECD Asia, Middle East, Africa, Brazil, Other South/Central * IEO2016 Reference case transportation projections * Preliminary scenario results

  16. "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot,

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Physics, Rutgers University | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab 7, 2012, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot, Department of Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Physics, Rutgers University OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS PPPL Entrance Procedures Visitor Information, Directions, Security at PPPL As a federal facility, the Princeton Plasma Physics

  17. South Daktoa Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    your school's state, county, city, or district. For more information, please visit the High School Coach page. South Daktoa Region High School Regional South Daktoa South Dakota...

  18. LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dodge, D; Hauk, T; Moore, R M; O'Boyle, J; Ruppert, S

    1999-07-23

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Research and Development (CTBT R and D) program has made significant progress populating a comprehensive seismic research database (RDB) for seismic events and derived research products in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Our original ME/NA study region has enlarged and is now defined as an area including the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Southwest Asia, the Former Soviet Union and the Scandinavian/Arctic region. The LLNL RDB will facilitate calibration of all International Monitoring System (IMS) stations (primary and auxiliary) or their surrogates (if not yet installed) as well as a variety of gamma stations. The RDB provides not only a coherent framework in which to store and organize large volumes of collected seismic waveforms and associated event parameter information, but also provides an efficient data processing/research environment for deriving location and discrimination correction sur faces and capabilities. In order to accommodate large volumes of data from many sources with diverse formats the RDB is designed to be flexible and extensible in addition to maintaining detailed quality control information and associated metadata. Station parameters, instrument responses, phase pick information, and event bulletins were compiled and made available through the RDB. For seismic events in the MENA region occurring between 1976 and 1999, we have systematically assembled, quality checked and organized event waveforms; continuous seismic data from 1990 to present are archived for many stations. Currently, over 11,400 seismic events and 1.2 million waveforms are maintained in the RDB and made readily available to researchers. In addition to open sources of seismic data, we have established collaborative relationships with several ME/NA countries that have yielded additional ground truth and broadband waveform data essential for regional calibration and capability

  19. Light propagation in the South Pole ice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Dawn; Collaboration: IceCube Collaboration

    2014-11-18

    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is located in the ice near the geographic South Pole. Particle showers from neutrino interactions in the ice produce light which is detected by IceCube modules, and the amount and pattern of deposited light are used to reconstruct the properties of the incident neutrino. Since light is scattered and absorbed by ice between the neutrino interaction vertex and the sensor, IceCube event reconstruction depends on understanding the propagation of light through the ice. This paper presents the current status of modeling light propagation in South Pole ice, including the recent observation of an azimuthal anisotropy in the scattering.

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- South Valley Superfund Site...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Energy is one of the PRPS because of the Atomic Energy Commissions ownership of an industrial facility in the South Valley from 1951-1967. Also see Documents Related to South...

  1. City of Big Stone City, South Dakota (Utility Company) | Open...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    City, South Dakota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Big Stone City Place: South Dakota Phone Number: (605) 862-8121 Website: www.bigstonecitysd.govoffice...

  2. Biodiesel of South Florida LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    of South Florida LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biodiesel of South Florida, LLC Place: Miami, Florida Zip: 33176 Product: Florida-based wholesale marketer of soy-based...

  3. North Augusta, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. North Augusta is a city in Aiken County and Edgefield County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 3rd...

  4. Salley, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Salley is a town in Aiken County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 2nd congressional...

  5. New Ellenton, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. New Ellenton is a town in Aiken County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 2nd congressional district and...

  6. Monetta, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Monetta is a town in Aiken County and Saluda County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 3rd...

  7. Wagener, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Wagener is a town in Aiken County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 2nd congressional...

  8. Burnettown, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Burnettown is a town in Aiken County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 3rd congressional...

  9. Windsor, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Windsor is a town in Aiken County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 2nd congressional...

  10. New Wind Test Facilities Open in Colorado and South Carolina...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Test Facilities Open in Colorado and South Carolina New Wind Test Facilities Open in Colorado and South Carolina January 1, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis Two of the world's largest ...

  11. Aberdeen, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Aberdeen is a city in Brown County, South Dakota. It falls under South Dakota's At-large congressional...

  12. Jackson, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Jackson is a town in Aiken County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 3rd...

  13. Honea Path, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Honea Path is a town in Abbeville County and Anderson County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 3rd congressional...

  14. EIS-0418: PrairieWinds Project, South Dakota | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EIS-0418: PrairieWinds Project, South Dakota SUMMARY This EIS analyzes DOE's decision to approve the interconnection request from PrairieWinds for their South Dakota PrairieWinds ...

  15. South Trent Wind Farm LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Trent Wind Farm LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: South Trent Wind Farm, LLC Place: Texas Sector: Wind energy Product: US-based wind project developer and special purpose...

  16. West Central Electric Coop Inc (South Dakota) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    West Central Electric Coop Inc (South Dakota) Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Central Electric Coop Inc Place: South Dakota Phone Number: 605-669-8100 Website: www.wce.coop...

  17. Perry, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Perry is a town in Aiken County, South Carolina. It falls under South Carolina's 2nd...

  18. Portsmouth Notre Dame wins 2016 South Central Ohio Regional Science...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Portsmouth Notre Dame wins 2016 South Central Ohio Regional Science Bowl Portsmouth Notre Dame wins 2016 South Central Ohio Regional Science Bowl March 16, 2016 - 2:22pm Addthis ...

  19. South Carolina's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Companies in South Carolina's 5th congressional district BB Hobbs Inc RTEV Inc Ruff Tuff Electric Vehicles Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSouthCarolina%27...

  20. Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC (South Carolina) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC Place: South Carolina Phone Number: English:800-769-3766; Spanish:866-427-2466 Website: www.duke-energy.comSouth-Caro Facebook:...

  1. City of White, South Dakota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    White, South Dakota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of White Place: South Dakota Phone Number: 605-629-2601 Website: www.white.govoffice2.comindex Outage...

  2. Ocean drilling bordering the South American continent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rabinowitz, P.D.; Francis, T.J.G.; Baldauf, J.G.; Allan, J.F. )

    1993-02-01

    The Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) has completed three expeditions bordering South America and is in the planning stages of a further expedition. The first cruise, Leg 110, drilled at six sites on a transect across the structural boundary between the overthrusting Barbados Ridge Complex and Atlantic abyssal plain (Caribbean/Atlantic Plate Boundary) in order to investigate structural, hydrological, and diagenetic effects of the transition from undeformed deep sea sediments to stratally disrupted melange on land. The second cruise, Leg 112, drilled ten sites to investigate the geological and paleoceanographic history of the area between the Peru Trench (which marks the suture between the Nazca and South American Plates) and the Peruvian coast. A third cruise, Leg 1 41, drilled the Chile Triple Junction, which represents the only presently active ridge-crest subduction and the physical properties and geochemistry of gas hydrates in oceanic sediments. A fourth cruise off South America is presently in the planning stage by the international science community. This proposed paleoceanographic transect is on the Ceara Rise off northern Brazil and has a proposed objective, amongst others, of studying the history of deep water flow of the Atlantic during the Cenozoic with an emphasis on the relationships between deep water circulation chemistry and the Earth's climate. This paper focuses on the significant scientific results of the above cruises and discusses future plans off South America.

  3. Energy Efficiency as a Resource Regional Report: South Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatt, Sandy; Harry, Ryan; Shields, Garrett

    2010-06-25

    This Industrial Technologies Program report identifies the amount of energy efficiency potential within key manufacturing industries in the South.

  4. Superconducting magnet performance for 28 GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion source developed at the Korea Basic Science Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Jin Yong; Pusan National University, Busan ; Choi, Seyong; Lee, Byoung-Seob; Yoon, Jang-Hee; Ok, Jung-Woo; Shin, Chang Seouk; Won, Mi-Sook; Kim, Byoung Chul; Ahn, Jung Keun

    2014-02-15

    A superconducting magnet for use in an electron cyclotron resonance ion source was developed at the Korea Basic Science Institute. The superconducting magnet is comprised of three solenoids and a hexapole magnet. According to the design value, the solenoid magnets can generate a mirror field, resulting in axial magnetic fields of 3.6 T at the injection area and 2.2 T at the extraction region. A radial field strength of 2.1 T can also be achieved by hexapole magnet on the plasma chamber wall. NbTi superconducting wire was used in the winding process following appropriate techniques for magnet structure. The final assembly of the each magnet involved it being vertically inserted into the cryostat to cool down the temperature using liquid helium. The performance of each solenoid and hexapole magnet was separately verified experimentally. The construction of the superconducting coil, the entire magnet assembly for performance testing and experimental results are reported herein.

  5. A Study on Optimized Management Options for the Wolsong Low- and Intermediate - Level Waste Disposal Center in Korea - 13479

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, JooWan; Kim, DongSun; Choi, DongEun [Korea Radioactive Waste Management Corporation, Korea 89, Bukseongno, Gyeongju, 780-050 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Radioactive Waste Management Corporation, Korea 89, Bukseongno, Gyeongju, 780-050 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-01

    The safe and effective management of radioactive waste is a national task required for sustainable generation of nuclear power and for energy self-reliance in Korea. Currently, for permanent disposal of low- and intermediate-level waste (LILW), the Wolsong LILW Disposal Center (WLDC) is under construction. It will accommodate a total of 800,000 drums at the final stage after stepwise expansion. As an implementing strategy for cost-effective development of the WLDC, various disposal options suitable for waste classification schemes would be considered. It is also needed an optimized management of the WLDC by taking a countermeasure of volume reduction treatment. In this study, various management options to be applied to each waste class are analyzed in terms of its inventory and disposal cost. For the volume reduction and stabilization of waste, the vitrification and plasma melting methods are considered for combustible and incombustible waste, respectively. (authors)

  6. Environmental Justice Activities: Community Leaders' Institute, West Columbia, South Carolina

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midlands Community Leaders’ Institute (CLI), sponsored by the Medical University of South Carolina, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Defense, South Carolina State University, and Brookland Baptist Church was held in West Columbia, South Carolina, on July 13 and 14, 2012.

  7. Categorical Exclusion Determination (Georgia-Alabama-SouthCarolina System)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    | Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination (Georgia-Alabama-SouthCarolina System) Categorical Exclusion Determination (Georgia-Alabama-SouthCarolina System) Proposed rate adjustment for the Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina System of Projects (253.36 KB) More Documents & Publications CX-001068: Categorical Exclusion Determination SOCO-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Regulation-1

  8. Woongjin Polysilicon Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Woongjin Polysilicon Co Ltd Place: Sangju, North Gyeongsang, Korea (Republic) Product: South Korea-based polysilicon manufacturer....

  9. File:NREL-asia-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Countries Bhutan, China, Nepal, Mongolia, India, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia, Eastern Asia,...

  10. File:NREL-asia-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Countries Bhutan, China, Nepal, Mongolia, India, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia, Eastern Asia,...

  11. File:NREL-asia-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Countries Bhutan, China, Nepal, Mongolia, India, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia, Eastern Asia,...

  12. Daelim Solar Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name: Daelim Solar Co Ltd Place: Korea (Republic) Sector: Solar Product: South Korea-based solar heating systems manufacturer. References: Daelim Solar Co Ltd1...

  13. Kangnam Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Kangnam Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kangnam Co Ltd Place: Changwon, South Gyeongsang, Korea (Republic) Zip: 641 923 Sector: Solar Product: Korea-based manufacturer of...

  14. Samchully Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Samchully Co. Ltd Place: Seoul, Seoul, Korea (Republic) Product: Large energy company in South Korea that has been engaged in clean energy projects. Coordinates: 37.557121,...

  15. PPPL extends system for suppressing instabilities to long-pulse...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    and on the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) facility in South Korea - and now is revising the KSTAR design to operate during extended plasma experiments. ...

  16. Manhattan Project: The Cold War, 1945-1990

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... That same year, Chinese communists defeated their nationalist opponents in the Chinese Civil War. By the time communist North Korea attacked American-backed South Korea in June ...

  17. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  18. South Dakota Wind Resource Assessment Network (WRAN)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    WRAN is a network of instrument stations sited throughout South Dakota. As of 2010, there are eleven stations, and some have been collecting data since 2001. The purpose of the WRAN:

    There are several reasons why the WRAN was built. One of the most obvious is that it will allow verification of the existing resource assessments of our state. South Dakota has tremendous potential as an exporter of wind-generated electricity. There has recently been a great deal of publicity over a Pacific Northwest National Laboratories study conducted in the early 1990s that ranked the contiguous 48 states in terms of their potential to produce windpower. (Click here for the results of this study as given by the American Wind Energy Association.) South Dakota ranked fourth in that study. Also, more recently, detailed maps of the wind resource in South Dakota were produced by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Unfortunately, both of these studies had to rely heavily on computer-generated models and very sparse measured data, because very little appropriate measured data exists. The WRAN will provide valuable data that we anticipate will validate the NREL maps, and perhaps suggest minor adjustments.

    There are many other benefits the WRAN will provide. The data it will measure will be at heights above ground that are more appropriate for predicting the performance of large modern wind turbines, as opposed to data collected at National Weather Service stations whose anemometers are usually only about 9 m (30 feet) above ground. Also, we will collect some different types of data than most wind measurement networks, which will allow a series of important studies of the potential impact and value of South Dakota's windpower. In addition, all of the WRAN data will be made available to the public via this WWWeb site. This will hopefully enable extensive informed discussion among all South Dakotans on such important topics as rural economic development and

  19. Social Impact Assessment: The lesser sibling in the South African EIA process?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hildebrandt, L.; Sandham, L.A.

    2014-09-15

    Social Impact Assessment has developed as an integral but neglected component of EIA in South Africa since it became mandatory in 1997, and has therefore been referred to as the “orphan” or “lesser sibling” of EIA, as has SIA in the UK and the US. The aim of this paper is to test this claim by reviewing the quality of a sample of SIA reports, and also to establish whether there has been any improvement in quality following the introduction of revised EIA regulations in 2006. The results confirm that SIA can be called “the lesser sibling” due to the weak grades achieved in the quality review, but also reveal that there has been a slight and consistent improvement in quality, most likely driven by best practice considerations in the absence of prescriptive regulations for SIA. Suggestions and recommendations for addressing observed weakness in SIA performance are advanced. - Highlights: • The quality of a sample of SIA reports was evaluated using a review package. • SIA reports received mostly weak grades. • Limited improvement observed from first to second regulatory regime. • Improvements most likely due to best practice considerations.

  20. Energy market integration in South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammons, T.J.; Franco, N. de; Sbertoli, L.V.; Khelil, C.; Rudnick, H.; Clerici, A.; Longhi, A.

    1997-08-01

    This article is a summary of presentations made during the 1997 Winter Meeting panel session on Power and Natural Gas in Latin America: Towards an Integrated Market. Reregulation and demand for energy resources to support economic growth are driving international natural gas and electricity exchange initiatives. Panelists focused on the gas and electric power industry in Latin America in terms of the: transport of gas or transmission of electricity; energy market integration in the southern cone of South America; and issues on gas use for electricity generation in South America countries. Countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru will export natural gas to Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Chile, an the energy matrices of these countries will change.

  1. EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Lessons learnedbest practices Website http:www.epa.gov Program Start 1998 Country Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Mexico, Philippines, South Korea South America, South...

  2. FirstNet Exec Summary South

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Mississippi New Mexico North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Page Intentionally Left Blank. Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Southern United States EXECUTIVE SUMMARY October 2016 First Responder Network Authority Amanda Goebel Pereira, AICP NEPA Coordinator First Responder Network Authority U.S. Department of Commerce 12201 Sunrise Valley Dr.

  3. South America: Investment target of the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    The paper discusses investment in the oil and gas industries of South America. For Venezuela, first-round profit sharing, marginal field agreements, and drilling and production activities are described. Exploration, resource development, and production are also described for Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Trinidad and Tobago, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay, and the Falkland Islands. Political problems in Ecuador, licensing in Trinidad and Tobago, and the privatization of Petroperu are also mentioned.

  4. Texas Nuclear Profile - South Texas Project

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Texas Project" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date" 1,"1,280","11,304",100.8,"PWR","application/vnd.ms-excel","application/vnd.ms-excel"

  5. Carbon emissions reduction strategies in Africa from improved waste management: A review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R.; Trois, C.

    2010-11-15

    The paper summarises a literature review into waste management practices across Africa as part of a study to assess methods to reduce carbon emissions. Research shows that the average organic content for urban Municipal Solid Waste in Africa is around 56% and its degradation is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. The paper concludes that the most practical and economic way to manage waste in the majority of urban communities in Africa and therefore reduce carbon emissions is to separate waste at collection points to remove dry recyclables by door to door collection, compost the remaining biogenic carbon waste in windrows, using the maturated compost as a substitute fertilizer and dispose the remaining fossil carbon waste in controlled landfills.

  6. Heavy metals in the near-surface aerosol over the Atlantic Ocean from 60 degree south to 54 degree north

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voelkening, J.; Heumann, K.G. )

    1990-11-20

    The particulate heavy metal concentrations of Cr, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Tl, and Pb were determined in the atmosphere over the Atlantic Ocean from 60{degree}S to 54{degree}N with the definitive method of isotope dilution mass spectrometry. Fe was used as a reference element for the influence of crustal material calculating the corresponding enrichment factors EF(Fe) for the other metal traces. Tl showed the lowest abundance of all heavy metals with concentrations of less than 20 pg m{sup {minus}3} for all samples except those from the area around the English Channel. The concentration ranges for the other elements were Cr = <0.08-9 ng m{sup {minus}3}, Fe = <2.6-7,500 ng m{sup {minus}3}, Ni = <0.05-10 ng m{sup {minus}3}, Cu = <0.02-20 ng m{sup {minus}3}, Zn = <0.09-450 ng m{sup {minus}3}, Cd = <0.003-3.5 ng m{sup {minus}3}, and Pb = <0.05-200 ng m{sup {minus}3}. The lowest element concentrations were usually measured in the remote areas of the South Atlantic, whereas the highest ones were detected around the English Channel. Due to high Fe concentrations, a substantial influence of crustal material was observed in the atmosphere southeast of the South American continent, in the South Atlantic area of the southeast trades, and over the North Atlantic west of North Africa. EF(Fe) values for the most part less than 10 for Cr and Ni and less than 50 for Cu indicate that the influence of crustal material for these metals is much higher than for Zn, Cd, and Pb where EF(Fe) values between 500 and 5,000 had often been determined. This is due to anthropogenic and biological influences.

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Transportation Data for

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Carolina Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Google Bookmark

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Transportation Data for

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Dakota Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Transportation Data for Alternative Fuels and Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative

  9. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: South Carolina | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    South Carolina Categorical Exclusion Determinations: South Carolina Location Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions in South Carolina. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD September 7, 2016 CX-100716 Categorical Exclusion Determination Hybrid Electrochemical Hydrogen/Metal Hydride Compressor Award Number: DE-EE0007648 CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Fuel Cell Technologies Office Date: 8/23/2016 Location(s): SC Office(s): Golden Field Office August 22, 2016 CX-100699 Categorical Exclusion

  10. South America: Producers brace for hard times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-08-01

    The outlook for South American petroleum development is the topic of this review. Observations include: Brazil confirms giant discovery, continues drive for deepwater production; Eastern Llanos fields propel Colombia into ranks of oil-exporting nations; Venezuela's PdVSA revamps, goes overseas in search of downstream integration; Production downturn in Argentina while YPF staggers under debt load, mismanagement; Peru renegotiates contracts, nationalizes one operator and asks others to join search; Sharp drilling decline in Trinidad, but production rises because of tax incentives; Ecuador breaks with Opec, adopts wide-open production strategy, flexible prices; Drilling, oil output increase in Bolivia, government moves to rein in YPFB.

  11. South Carolina Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Carolina nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant name/total reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net generation (percent)","Owner" "Catawba Unit 1, Unit 2","2,258","18,964",36.5,"Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC" "H B Robinson Unit 2",724,"3,594",6.9,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc"

  12. Hot Fuel Examination Facility/South

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-05-01

    This document describes the potential environmental impacts associated with proposed modifications to the Hot Fuel Examination Facility/South (HFEF/S). The proposed action, to modify the existing HFEF/S at the Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W) on the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) in southeastern Idaho, would allow important aspects of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) concept, offering potential advantages in nuclear safety and economics, to be demonstrated. It would support fuel cycle experiments and would supply fresh fuel to the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) at the INEL. 35 refs., 12 figs., 13 tabs.

  13. In-Vessel Retention Technology Development and Use for Advanced PWR Designs in the USA and Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.G. Theofanous; S.J. Oh; J.H. Scobel

    2004-05-18

    In-Vessel Retention (IVR) of molten core debris by means of external reactor vessel flooding is a cornerstone of severe accident management for Westinghouse's AP600 (advanced passive light water reactor) design. The case for its effectiveness (made in previous work by the PI) has been thoroughly documented, reviewed as part of the licensing certification, and accepted by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. A successful IVR would terminate a severe accident, passively, with the core in a stable, coolable configuration (within the lower head), thus avoiding the largely uncertain accident evolution with the molten debris on the containment floor. This passive plant design has been upgraded by Westinghouse to the AP1000, a 1000 MWe plant very similar to the AP600. The severe accident management approach is very similar too, including In-Vessel Retention as the cornerstone feature, and initial evaluations indicated that this would be feasible at the higher power as well. A similar strategy is adopted in Korea for the APR1400 plant. The overall goal of this project is to provide experimental data and develop the necessary basic understanding so as to allow the robust extension of the AP600 In-Vessel Retention strategy for severe accident management to higher power reactors, and in particular, to the AP1000 advanced passive design.

  14. Water quality changes in acid mine drainage streams in Gangneung, Korea, 10 years after treatment with limestone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shim, Moo Joon; Choi, Byoung Young; Lee, Giehyeon; Hwang, Yun Ho; Yang, Jung-Seok; O'Loughlin, Edward J.; Kwon, Man Jae

    2015-12-01

    To determine the long-term effectiveness of the limestone treatment for acid mine drainage (AMD) in Gangneung, Korea, we investigated the elemental distribution in streams impacted by AMD and compared the results of previous studies before and approximately 10 years after the addition of limestone. Addition of limestone in 1999 leads to a pH increase in 2008, and with the exception of Ca, the elemental concentrations (e.g., Fe, Mn, Mg, Sr, Ni, Zn, S) in the streams decreased. The pH was 2.5–3 before the addition of limestone and remained stable at around 4.5–5 from 2008 to 2011, suggesting the reactivity of the added limestone was diminished and that an alternative approach is needed to increase the pH up to circumneutral range and maintain effective long-term treatment. To identify the processes causing the decrease in the elemental concentrations, we also examined the spatial (approximately 7 km) distribution over three different types of streams affected by the AMD. The elemental distribution was mainly controlled by physicochemical processes including redox reactions, dilution on mixing, and co-precipitation/adsorption with Fe (hydr)oxides.

  15. Edge localized mode characteristics during edge localized mode mitigation by supersonic molecular beam injection in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, H. Y.; Hong, J. H.; Jang, J. H.; Park, J. S.; Choe, Wonho; Hahn, S. H.; Bak, J. G.; Lee, J. H.; Ko, W. H.; Lee, K. D.; Lee, S. H.; Lee, H. H.; Juhn, J.-W.; Kim, H. S.; Yoon, S. W.; Han, H.; Ghim, Y.-C.

    2015-12-15

    It has been reported that supersonic molecular beam injection (SMBI) is an effective means of edge localized mode (ELM) mitigation. This paper newly reports the changes in the ELM, plasma profiles, and fluctuation characteristics during ELM mitigation by SMBI in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research. During the mitigated ELM phase, the ELM frequency increased by a factor of 2–3 and the ELM size, which was estimated from the D{sub α} amplitude, the fractional changes in the plasma-stored energy and the line-averaged electron density, and divertor heat flux during an ELM burst, decreased by a factor of 0.34–0.43. Reductions in the electron and ion temperatures rather than in the electron density were observed during the mitigated ELM phase. In the natural ELM phase, frequency chirping of the plasma fluctuations was observed before the ELM bursts; however, the ELM bursts occurred without changes in the plasma fluctuation frequency in the mitigated ELM phase.

  16. South Lyon, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Lyon, Michigan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.46059, -83.6516063 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingser...

  17. South Portland, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Portland, Maine: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.6414716, -70.2408811 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  18. Little Falls-South Windham, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Little Falls-South Windham, Maine: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.7333197, -70.4270734 Show Map Loading map......

  19. Secretary Chu and Congressman Clyburn in South Carolina this August |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Department of Energy and Congressman Clyburn in South Carolina this August Secretary Chu and Congressman Clyburn in South Carolina this August August 8, 2011 - 4:15pm Addthis Brenda DeGraffenreid How can I participate? Join us in South Carolina August 23! Small businesses are invited to join us on Tuesday, August 23, 2011, for a U.S. Department of Energy small business outreach session at Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College in Orangeburg, South Carolina. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu,

  20. Louisiana - South Onshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana - South Onshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

  1. Mid-South Metallurgical Makes Electrical and Natural Gas System...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This included installing new furnace insulation, implementing an electrical demand system, ... Mid-South Metallurgical Makes Electrical and Natural Gas System Upgrades to Reduce Energy ...

  2. -South Metallurgical Makes Electrical and Natural Gas System...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    South Metallurgical Makes Electrical and Natural Gas System Upgrades to Reduce Energy Use ... new furnace insulation, implementing an electrical demand system, installing energy ...

  3. Wheelabrator South Broward Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Facility Facility Wheelabrator South Broward Sector Biomass Facility Type Municipal Solid Waste Location Broward County, Florida Coordinates 26.190096, -80.365865 Show Map...

  4. South Carolina Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    South Carolina has substantial nuclear and hydroelectric resources. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and ...

  5. South Dakota Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers

    The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in South Dakota ...

  6. Irene, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Irene, South Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.0830474, -97.1606081 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  7. Clay County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.8829344, -97.0068393 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":...

  8. Vermillion, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Vermillion, South Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.7794417, -96.9292104 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  9. Wakonda, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Wakonda, South Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.0083269, -97.1067167 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  10. Aiken, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Aiken, South Carolina: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.5604168, -81.7195533 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  11. EIS-0417: South Mountain Freeway (Loop 202); Phoenix, Arizona...

    Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Record of Decision September 30, 2014 EIS-0417: Final Environmental Impact Statement More Information http:azdot.govprojectsphoenix-metro-arealoop-202-south-mountain-freeway...

  12. Save Energy Now- South Carolina Project Fact Sheet

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This fact sheet contains details regarding a Save Energy Now industrial energy efficiency project that the U.S. Department of Energy funded in South Carolina.

  13. South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and overall improvements in environmental quality and human health in the region. "The South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and...

  14. South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp (Tennessee) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Electric Coop Corp Place: Tennessee Phone Number: 800-772-4636 Website: www.skrecc.com Twitter: @skrecc Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesSouth-Kentucky-RECC...

  15. South Hampton, New Hampshire: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Hampton, New Hampshire: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.8809229, -70.9625559 Show Map Loading map......

  16. South Jersey Energy Company (New Hampshire) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    New Hampshire) Jump to: navigation, search Name: South Jersey Energy Company Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 800-266-6020 Website: www.southjerseyenergy.com Twitter:...

  17. Columbia, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    LLC PFCT South Carolina Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance US National Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization References US Census Bureau Incorporated place...

  18. South Carolina's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Corporation South Carolina Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance US National Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  19. Redfield, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Redfield, South Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.8758095, -98.5187062 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappin...

  20. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area (Thomas, 1986)...

  1. Travelers Rest, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Travelers Rest, South Carolina: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 34.9676167, -82.4434548 Show Map Loading map......

  2. Charleston, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Energy Companies in Charleston, South Carolina Southeast BioDiesel Southern Sustainable Resources The Energy Detective References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and...

  3. South Plainfield, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in South Plainfield, New Jersey Alternity Power Conti Enterprises Inc SunDurance Energy Sunlight Photonics The Conti Group References US...

  4. South Dakota/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    >> South Dakota Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  5. South Carolina/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    >> South Carolina Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  6. South Plainfield, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in South Plainfield, New Jersey Alternity Power Conti Enterprises Inc SunDurance Energy Sunlight Photonics The Conti Group References US Census...

  7. Fountain Inn, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    district.12 Registered Energy Companies in Fountain Inn, South Carolina Verde Biofuels Inc References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil...

  8. Magnetotellurics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Southwest Rift And South Flank Area Exploration Technique Magnetotellurics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Magnetotelluric Imaging, G....

  9. South Carolina Opens Nation's Largest Wind Drivetrain Testing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    nation's largest wind energy testing facility in North Charleston, South Carolina. The facility will help test and validate new turbines, particularly for offshore wind- ...

  10. South Carolina Opens Nation's Largest Wind Drivetrain Testing...

    Energy Savers

    testing facilities in North Charleston, S.C. Led by ... particularly for offshore wind-helping to speed ... the one in South Carolina-are attracting companies ...

  11. SBOT SOUTH CAROLINA SAVANNAH RIVER LAB POC Sharon Campbell Telephone

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    SOUTH CAROLINA SAVANNAH RIVER LAB POC Sharon Campbell Telephone (800) 888-7986 Email sharon-pmmd.campbell@srs.gov EDUCATION Professional and Management Development Training 611430 ...

  12. EIS-0279: Spent Nuclear Fuel Management, Aiken, South Carolina...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    79: Spent Nuclear Fuel Management, Aiken, South Carolina EIS-0279: Spent Nuclear Fuel ... Carolina, including placing these materials in forms suitable for ultimate disposition. ...

  13. South Carolina's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Carolina. Registered Energy Companies in South Carolina's 4th congressional district Sky Energy Inc Verde Biofuels Inc Waste2Energy Holdings Retrieved from "http:...

  14. China Lake South Range Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: China Lake South Range Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 35.65,...

  15. China South Industries Group Corp CSG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Industries Group Corp CSG Jump to: navigation, search Name: China South Industries Group Corp (CSG) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100821 Product: Beijing-based...

  16. EIS-0401: NextGen Project, South Dakota

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes WAPA's proposed action for the construction and operation of the proposed NextGen Energy Facility (Project) in South Dakota.

  17. Winnsboro, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Registered Energy Companies in Winnsboro, South Carolina RTEV Inc Ruff Tuff Electric Vehicles References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil...

  18. Louisiana--South Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    South Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 ... Release Date: 11192015 Next Release Date: 12312016 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane ...

  19. City of Brookings, South Dakota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name: Brookings City of Place: South Dakota Phone Number: (605) 692-6325 Website: www.brookingsutilities.com Outage Hotline: (605) 692-6325 References:...

  20. South Windham, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Windham, Connecticut: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.679543, -72.1703555 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"map...

  1. South Jersey Energy Company (Connecticut) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Company (Connecticut) Jump to: navigation, search Name: South Jersey Energy Company Place: Connecticut Phone Number: 800-266-6020 Website: www.southjerseyenergy.com Twitter:...

  2. South Windsor, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    South Windsor, Connecticut: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.8489872, -72.5717551 Show Map Loading map......

  3. South Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet)...

  4. Charleston County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Charleston County, South Carolina: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 32.7956561, -79.7848422 Show Map Loading map......

  5. Colman, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    Inc. Smart Grid Project Utility Companies in Colman, South Dakota Sioux Valley SW Elec Coop References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil division...

  6. South Alabama Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    South Alabama Electric Cooperative (SAEC) is a part owner of Alabama Electric Cooperative which has a generation facility in Andalusia, Alabama. The Energy Resources Conservation Loan (ERC) helps...

  7. South America. The boom is almost everywhere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-15

    In South America, drilling activity is increasing rapidly. Three-dimensional seismic is being used offshore Brazil. Argentina has increased its processing capability by several companies. Venezuela has increased its survey mileage. Hundreds of post holes are being drilled in the Orinoco oil belt. Deep, difficult holes are being drilled in N. Argentina and N.E. Columbia. Offshore Chile, Enap is drilling high angle deviated holes in the Strait of Magellan. Belco is continuing its slant hole drilling campaign off Peru. In production, Venezuela has a major steam flood project and 2 large steam soak projects underway. Occidental is increasing its waterflood project in Talara, Peru, to 600,000 bbl of water/day. There are a number of projects underway in Argentina and Petrobras is continuing its experiments with steam and fire-flooding. Brazil has reached an all-time production high. Of the major producing countries in South America. Only Trinidad is declining in drilling and oil production. Ecuador is still attempting to develop Amistad field in the Gulf of Guayaquil.

  8. EA-1979: Summit Wind Farm; Summit, South Dakota

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Western Area Power Administration (Western) prepared an EA that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of the proposed Summit Wind Farm, a proposed 99-MW wind farm south of Summit, South Dakota. The proposed wind farm would interconnect to Western’s existing transmission line within the footprint of the wind farm. .

  9. The PEAK experience in South Carolina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-11-01

    The PEAK Institute was developed to provide a linkage for formal (schoolteachers) and nonformal educators (extension agents) with agricultural scientists of Clemson University`s South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station System. The goal of the Institute was to enable teams of educators and researchers to develop and provide PEAK science and math learning experiences related to relevant agricultural and environmental issues of local communities for both classroom and 4-H Club experiences. The Peak Institute was conducted through a twenty day residential Institute held in June for middle school and high school teachers who were teamed with an Extension agent from their community. These educators participated in hands-on, minds-on sessions conducted by agricultural researchers and Clemson University Cooperative Extension specialists. Participants were given the opportunity to see frontier science being conducted by scientists from a variety of agricultural laboratories.

  10. South Dakota Renewable Electric Power Industry Statistics

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) South Dakota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 12,480 12,438 12,771 1990's 13,443 13,692 14,133 16,523 15,539 16,285 16,880 17,432 17,972 18,453 2000's 19,100 19,378 19,794 20,070 20,457 20,771 21,149 21,502 21,819 22,071 2010's 22,267 22,570 22,955 23,214 23,591 24,040 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  11. SU-E-J-137: Image Registration Tool for Patient Setup in Korea Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, M; Suh, T; Cho, W; Jung, W

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: A potential validation tool for compensating patient positioning error was developed using 2D/3D and 3D/3D image registration. Methods: For 2D/3D registration, digitally reconstructed radiography (DRR) and three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) images were applied. The ray-casting algorithm is the most straightforward method for generating DRR. We adopted the traditional ray-casting method, which finds the intersections of a ray with all objects, voxels of the 3D-CT volume in the scene. The similarity between the extracted DRR and orthogonal image was measured by using a normalized mutual information method. Two orthogonal images were acquired from a Cyber-Knife system from the anterior-posterior (AP) and right lateral (RL) views. The 3D-CT and two orthogonal images of an anthropomorphic phantom and head and neck cancer patient were used in this study. For 3D/3D registration, planning CT and in-room CT image were applied. After registration, the translation and rotation factors were calculated to position a couch to be movable in six dimensions. Results: Registration accuracies and average errors of 2.12 mm ± 0.50 mm for transformations and 1.23° ± 0.40° for rotations were acquired by 2D/3D registration using an anthropomorphic Alderson-Rando phantom. In addition, registration accuracies and average errors of 0.90 mm ± 0.30 mm for transformations and 1.00° ± 0.2° for rotations were acquired using CT image sets. Conclusion: We demonstrated that this validation tool could compensate for patient positioning error. In addition, this research could be the fundamental step for compensating patient positioning error at the first Korea heavy-ion medical accelerator treatment center.

  12. South Carolina Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    state, county, city, or district. For more information, please visit the Middle School Coach page. South Carolina Region Middle School Regional South Carolina Carolina Middle...

  13. South Carolina Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    school's state, county, city, or district. For more information, please visit the High School Coach page. South Carolina Region High School Regional South Carolina Savannah River

  14. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-14-051 University of South Carolina...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    for Dry Cask Storage - University of South Carolina SECTION B. Project Description The University of South Carolina will construct a mock nuclear used fuel assembly using...

  15. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-14-080 South Florida EC B3-6.doc

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Uranium from Seawater - The University of South Florida SECTION B. Project Description The University of South Florida proposes to address the design, synthesis, and ...

  16. South Florida Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC) [DOE]

    South Florida Regional High School Science Bowl National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home ... High School Regionals South Florida Regional High School Science Bowl Print Text Size: A A ...

  17. Static Temperature Survey At U.S. South Region (Smith & Dees...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    U.S. South Region (Smith & Dees, 1982) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Static Temperature Survey At U.S. South Region (Smith &...

  18. Cuttings Analysis At U.S. South Region (Smith & Dees, 1982) ...

    Open Energy Information (Open El) [EERE & EIA]

    U.S. South Region (Smith & Dees, 1982) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At U.S. South Region (Smith & Dees,...

  19. How Does the WIPP Shutdown Impact New Mexico, Idaho, and South...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    How Does the WIPP Shutdown Impact New Mexico, Idaho, and South Carolina How Does the WIPP Shutdown Impact New Mexico, Idaho, and South Carolina Topic: Southwest Research and ...

  20. Probe diagnostics in the far scrape-off layer plasma of Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak using a sideband harmonic method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Dong-Hwan; Hong, Suk-Ho; Park, Il-Seo; Lee, Hyo-Chang; Kang, Hyun-Ju; Chung, Chin-Wook

    2015-12-15

    Plasma characteristics in the far scrape-off layer region of tokamak play a crucial role in the stable plasma operation and its sustainability. Due to the huge facility, electrical diagnostic systems to measure plasma properties have extremely long cable length resulting in large stray current. To overcome this problem, a sideband harmonic method was applied to the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak plasma. The sideband method allows the measurement of the electron temperature and the plasma density without the effect of the stray current. The measured plasma densities are compared with those from the interferometer, and the results show reliability of the method.