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OSTIblog Articles in the Information Bridge (IB) Topic

Introducing SciTech Connect


Introducing SciTech Connect

With the release of SciTech Connect, OSTI is expanding its deployment of semantic search, an innovative technology to improve the quality and relevance of search results across the majority of its DOE content.  Semantic search is a way to enhance search accuracy contextually. Rather than relying on search algorithms that identify a specific query term, semantic search uses more complex contextual relationships among people, places and things. It is an especially effective search approach when a person truly is researching a topic (rather than trying to navigate to a particular destination).

OSTI Director Walt Warnick has said this about SciTech Connect:  “Now, with SciTech Connect, we are expanding deployment of innovative semantic search technology to make DOE R&D results easier to retrieve and thereby better serve our dual core mission – getting DOE results out to the scientific community and beyond, and getting the community’s results into DOE.”

SciTech Connect contains all the full-text documents and citations previously found in Information Bridge and Energy Citations Database. Thus, SciTech Connect contains over sixty-five years of energy-related citations created and/or collected by OSTI. There are over 2.5 million citations, including citations to 1.4 million journal articles, 364,000 of which have digital object identifiers (DOIs) linking to full-text articles on publishers’ websites.  SciTech Connect also has over 313,000 full-text DOE sponsored STI reports; most of these are post-1991, but close to 85,000 of the reports were published prior to 1990. 

We are gradually phasing out Information Bridge and Energy Citations Database (more information). These products  accounted for approximately half of the 298 million transactions OSTI handled in 2012. OSTI will work to ensure a smooth transition for patrons as it consolidates these...

Related Topics: Energy Citations Database (ECD), Information Bridge (IB), SciTech Connect, STI reports


OSTI by the numbers

by Tim Byrne 02 Nov, 2012 in Products and Content

For those of you who like numbers, I thought I would give you a few numbers about some of OSTI’s databases and search products. 

  • The DOE Information Bridge now has over 300,000 full-text STI reports. While most of these are post 1991, there are over 84,000 reports published prior to 1990.
  • The Energy Citations Database contains over 2.4 million citations and they are not just technical reports. ECD has over 1.4 million journal articles.
  • DOepatents has over 27,000 patents resulting from DOE-sponsored research and development.
  • The E-Print Network searches over 5.5 million e-prints, over 35,000 websites, over 3100 scholarly societies, and over 50 databases.
  • The Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC) distributes over 1300 software packages.
  • ScienceCinema has over 2600 science and technology related videos for your viewing pleasure.
  • searches 55 databases from 13 federal agencies.
  • lets you search 83 collections from over 70 countries in 9 different languages.

Related Topics: DOepatents, E-Print Network (EPN), Energy Citations Database (ECD), Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), Information Bridge (IB),, ScienceCinema, (WWS)


Fuel Cells to market?

DOE has outlined a Market Transformation strategy for demonstrating the commercial viability of fuel cell power in applications for which there is a business case, and com­municating the potential environmental and economic benefits of the clean energy technologies.  Current results of an ongoing multiyear study of fuel-cell powered vehicles, supported by the DOE EERE [abstract and full text in OSTI’s Information Bridge] were published in February 2012. The report includes recommendations to the Energy Department about needs for investigation during the remaining 3-4 years of the study and about ways to commercialize the technology. 

Read about the many technologies and products supported by DOE’s Fuel Cell Technologies Program in Pathways to Commercial SuccessRead more about fuel cell research found in OSTI Collections.

By Kathy Chambers, OSTI Staff

Related Topics: EERE, fuel cells, Information Bridge (IB)


Fuel cell vehicle…working toward an enviro-friendly car of the future


Fuel cell vehicle…working toward an enviro-friendly car of the future

Hydrogen fuel cells are being widely tested as a potential for meeting future transportation needs.

In the technical report, Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project, available from the Information Bridge, the U.S. Department of Energy, Mercedes-Benz & Research Development, North America (MBRDNA), Chrysler, Daimler, Mercedes-Benz USA (MBUSA), BP, DTE Energy and Next Energy endeavor to substantiate fuel cell technologies for infrastructure and transportation as well as evaluate technology and commercial market suitability. Tests were performed through the operation and fueling of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in practical situations, including variations in climate, topography, and driving conditions.

The Team deployed 30 GEN I and 20 GEN II fuel cell vehicles to over 37 customers located in various regions in the United States, which provided real-world lessons for the future of the overall program. This report and many others are available on this topic…find them at the DOE Information Bridge.


Related Topics: energy, fuel cells, Information Bridge (IB)


Public Access – Help Shape It!


Public Access – Help Shape It!

As a reader of this blog, you are naturally a stakeholder in the government's public access policies – specifically, public access to scholarly publications containing federally-funded research results.  As the largest government funder of research in the physical sciences as well as a key funder across a broad spectrum of other science and technology fields, the Department of Energy, through our national laboratories and grantees, produces an enormous number of scholarly publications each year.

Journal articles are the gold standard of scholarly publications.  Books and conference papers are other examples.  DOE research is also recorded in the form of e-prints and technical reports.  OSTI is the repository for DOE's technical reports, having nearly 300,000 available in electronic full text on the DOE Information Bridge and another 800,000, dating back to the Manhattan Project, awaiting digitization.

For journal articles, OSTI also receives lots of metadata from national labs, but public access to the full text depends on individual journal publishers' business practices – e.g., whether the journal is open access or subscription based.  In the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010, Congress tasked the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) with reviewing, evaluating, and proposing federal public access policies and practices for peer reviewed scholarly publications.  A Public Access to Scholarly Publications (PASP) Task Force has been leading this effort on behalf of the NSTC, and a Request for Information (RFI) (i.e., an opportunity for stakeholder input) has just been...

Related Topics: Information Bridge (IB), public access, RFI


Catch up on research info while you wait

by Tim Byrne 13 Jun, 2011 in Products and Content

Standing in line at the DMV, sitting in the waiting room at the doctor’s office, commuting to work on the bus or train, waiting for a meeting to start, whenever and wherever you get the urge to do a little energy-related research, you can do so now with your mobile phone via OSTI Mobile at

OSTI Mobile allows you to search technical reports, journal articles, conference papers, data files, multimedia, software, project summaries, patents, and e-prints from a number of OSTI databases, including Energy Citations Database, Information Bridge, ScienceCinema, DOepatents andDOE Green Energy. Search results for a variety of resource types are available, or the results can be limited to specific formats.  You can search for videos highlighting scientific research from Department of Energy (DOE) labs and CERN found in ScienceCinema.  Innovative patents resulting from DOE-sponsored research appearing in DOEpatents can be found.  Choose your search terms to retrieve citations on renewable energy and energy efficiency from DOE Green Energy.  Close to 280,000 full-text STI reports are easily accessible, and over 2.4 million energy-related citations are conveniently available whenever and wherever.

OSTI Mobile is also helpful if you just want to learn more about OSTI.  Navigation buttons guide you to mobile versions of several OSTI sites.  OSTI News will give you...

Related Topics: DOE Green Energy, DOepatents, Energy Citations Database (ECD), Information Bridge (IB), mobile, OSTI Mobile, OSTI Youtube Channel, ScienceCinema


OSTI's Web Metrics - Partially Measuring Success

by Mark Martin 24 Sep, 2009 in Technology

OSTI creates and deploys web-based information products to accomplish its mission.  One way to measure the success of this approach is to use web metrics to gauge and analyze the usage of the information we disseminate via our web- based products.

An "information transaction" is the largest and most broadly defined web metric we track at OSTI. We define an information transaction as a discrete information exchange between an information patron and OSTI's suite of web-based information services. An information transaction occurs when our web servers deliver information to satisfy a user's request.  Requests can take a variety of forms.  Sometimes a user's request might be a search of a product such as Science Accelerator that brings back a hit list.  Following up on this information transaction, a user might click on an item in the hit list to call up a single bibliographic citation delivered via a component database of Science Accelerator such as the Information Bridge or Energy Citations Database.  Next, the user might call up the full text of a technical report.  Another type of information transaction would occur when a user requests tens, hundreds, or thousands of bibliographic citations via our OAI or MARC xml services.

In 1994, OSTI launched and hosted the first DOE web home page. From this small web presence, OSTI served 300,000 information transactions. In FY 2008, OSTI served over 84,000,000 information transactions, a 28,000% increase.

While information transactions are of great use and give us a great metric relative to information dissemination, it is useful to more...

Related Topics: Information Bridge (IB), Information Bridge MARC Records, marc, mission, Science Accelerator,


ROI of 10,000,000% -- Would You Invest?

Even the most outrageous Ponzi scheme couldn't promise a return of 10 million percent, but that's the return to be realized by opening the Department of Energy's historic R&D findings to the web.  Yes, you have to accept certain assumptions, but it's not a major leap.  Let's review the math.

Since the early 1940s (even before the Atomic Energy Commission -- a DOE predecessor), the U.S. government has been investing billions of dollars in energy-related and basic scientific research.  Up until the late 1990s, most of the results from this work were recorded in papers (literally).  The vast majority of these papers are under the watchful eye of DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI).  Since 2000, DOE's R&D reports have been generated entirely electronically; so, all of these are available on OSTI's Information Bridge web product.  And, through a combination of its own efforts and collaborations with key partners such as the IAEA's International Nuclear Information System (INIS), OSTI has been able to digitize technical reports dating back to the early 1990s -- also available through Information Bridge.  In addition to these efforts, OSTI is also trying other innovative approaches, such as Adopt-A-Doc, where individuals or organizations can sponsor the digitization of individual reports or small subset collections.  But that leaves essentially...

Related Topics: Adopt-A-Doc, digitization, Information Bridge (IB)


OSTI Link in New York Times Blog

by Nena Moss 23 Mar, 2009 in Products and Content

A document made available by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was recently linked in the New York Times City Room? blog article "Answers about New York's Weather, Part 3". It was included with the answer to "How strong can an Atlantic sea breeze get? Is there Long Island Sound sea breeze?" posted by Joseph. The document, "Sea Breeze Regimes in the New York City Region - Modeling and Radar Observations" [431-KB PDF] is a paper published by researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University's School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences in a collaboration with National Weather Service meteorologists, both observing and modeling the Long Island sea breeze.

The paper is found in OSTI's Information Bridge, which provides free public access to over 200,000 full-text documents and bibliographic citations of Department of Energy research report literature. Documents are primarily from 1991 forward and were produced by DOE, the DOE contractor community, and/...

Related Topics: bnl, brookhaven national laboratory, Information Bridge (IB), long island, new york times, paper, sea breeze


OSTI Functions in Brief

OSTI is dedicated to the principle that to advance science, research must be shared. OSTI  is increasingly recognized for its contributions to the sharing and exchange of scientific and technical information.  OSTI works to accelerate discovery by speeding access to knowledge.

OSTI's users conducted 80 million information transactions last year.  Spreading responsibility for these transactions across the OSTI staff implies that each OSTI employee was responsible for 12 information transactions per minute throughout the work year, which I view as an incredible metric of success.   And we have only just begun.  OSTI's traffic increases significantly each year. 

But, of course, OSTI staff rarely interacts with users personally.  Rather, staff creates, develops, and deploys information tools for users.   OSTI's suite of cutting edge web tools make science information searchable from everywhere.   Through the deployment of information technology, OSTI accomplishes ...

Related Topics: Field Work Proposals, Information Bridge (IB), searchable fwp, (WWS)