DOE Science Showcase - Biofuels

Alternate Text Placeholder

"Corn stalks growing in Northern Colorado ,"  
Image Credit: Warren Gretz, NREL.

Corn stalks growing in Northern Colorado

Biofuels are biomass or organic materials converted to liquid or gaseous fuels such as ethanol, methanol, methane, and hydrogen.  The expanded use of biofuels offers an array of benefits for our energy security, economic growth, and environment.  The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office is focused on collaborating with industry, national laboratories, and other stakeholders to transform the nation’s renewable biomass resources into cost-competitive high-performance biofuels, bioproducts, and biopower.  Work is underway to develop emerging production technologies beyond bench-scale to pre-commercial demonstration scale, culminating in the construction of pioneer biofuels production plants. With research and development to produce these fuels sustainably and affordably, we can provide home-grown alternatives for a transportation sector that is so heavily dependent on imported oil.

Visit the links below to learn more about DOE’s important biofuels research.


DOE Biofuels Research Information in DOE Databases

  • Scitech Connect – search results from DOE science, technology and engineering research programs. 
  • – search results from U.S. federal science agencies.
For additional information, see the OSTI Catalogue of Collections.


horizontal separator

Related Links of Interest

DOE Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office

Energy 101: Biofuels

Energy 101: Algae-to-Fuel

Biofuels Basics
, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Bioenergy Atlas
, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework
, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Bioenergy Legislative Library
, Legislation related to the production and use of biofuels, DOE EERE

Algae, algal research

"Algae, algal research"  Image Credit:  Dennis Schroeder, NREL.


Bioenergy Science Center – Research focuses on biomass formation and modification, biomass deconstruction and conversion, and enabling technologies all supported by integrating activities.

Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center
– Research focuses on new bioenergy crops, enhancing biomass deconstruction, developing routes to new biofuels through synthetic biology, and creating technologies that advance biofuels research.

DOE Joint Bioenergy Institute
– Research focuses on molecular biology, chemical and genetic engineering, and computational and robotic technologies to develop advanced biofuels.

Replacing the Whole Barrel – To reduce U.S. Dependence on Oil

Imagine Tomorrow: Student Competition Leads to Innovative Biofuel Ideas,

Student Resources on Biofuels
, National Renewable Energy Laboratory


Visit the Science Showcase Archive.