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Designing a magnet for magnetic refrigeration

Abstract

This thesis investigates the design and optimization of a permanent magnet assembly for use in a magnetic refrigeration device. The heart of magnetic refrigeration is the adiabatic temperature change in the magnetocaloric material which is caused by the magnetic field. In order to design an ideal magnet assembly the magnetocaloric materials and the refrigeration process itself and their properties and performance as a function of magnetic field are investigated. For the magnetocaloric materials it is the magnetization, specific heat capacity and adiabatic temperature that are investigated as functions of the magnetic field. Following this the process utilized by a magnetic refrigerator to provide cooling is investigated using a publicly available one dimensional numerical model. This process is called active magnetic regeneration (AMR). The aim is to determine the performance of the AMR as a function of the magnetic field in order to learn the properties of the optimal magnet assembly. The performance of the AMR as a function of the synchronization and width of the magnetic field with respect to the AMR cycle, the ramp rate and maximum value of the magnetic field are investigated. Other published magnet designs used in magnetic refrigeration devices are also evaluated, using a figure  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Mar 15, 2010
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
RISO-PhD-57(EN)
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis or Dissertation; TH: Thesis (Ph.D.); ENMI-2006; 120 figs., 8 tabs., 97 refs.
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; MAGNETIC REFRIGERATORS; PERMANENT MAGNETS; DESIGN; MAGNETIC FIELDS; REGENERATION; MAGNETO-THERMAL EFFECTS; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; FLUX DENSITY
OSTI ID:
991801
Research Organizations:
Technical Univ. of Denmark, Risoe National Lab. for Sustainable Energy. Fuel Cells and Solid State Chemistry Div., Roskilde (Denmark)
Country of Origin:
Denmark
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: Contract ENMI-2104-06-0032; ISBN 978-87-550-3806-6; TRN: DK1001165
Availability:
Also available at http://130.226.56.153/rispubl/reports/ris-phd-57.pdf; OSTI as DE00991801
Submitting Site:
DK
Size:
360 pages
Announcement Date:
Nov 05, 2010

Citation Formats

Bjoerk, R. Designing a magnet for magnetic refrigeration. Denmark: N. p., 2010. Web.
Bjoerk, R. Designing a magnet for magnetic refrigeration. Denmark.
Bjoerk, R. 2010. "Designing a magnet for magnetic refrigeration." Denmark.
@misc{etde_991801,
title = {Designing a magnet for magnetic refrigeration}
author = {Bjoerk, R}
abstractNote = {This thesis investigates the design and optimization of a permanent magnet assembly for use in a magnetic refrigeration device. The heart of magnetic refrigeration is the adiabatic temperature change in the magnetocaloric material which is caused by the magnetic field. In order to design an ideal magnet assembly the magnetocaloric materials and the refrigeration process itself and their properties and performance as a function of magnetic field are investigated. For the magnetocaloric materials it is the magnetization, specific heat capacity and adiabatic temperature that are investigated as functions of the magnetic field. Following this the process utilized by a magnetic refrigerator to provide cooling is investigated using a publicly available one dimensional numerical model. This process is called active magnetic regeneration (AMR). The aim is to determine the performance of the AMR as a function of the magnetic field in order to learn the properties of the optimal magnet assembly. The performance of the AMR as a function of the synchronization and width of the magnetic field with respect to the AMR cycle, the ramp rate and maximum value of the magnetic field are investigated. Other published magnet designs used in magnetic refrigeration devices are also evaluated, using a figure of merit based on the properties of the investigated magnetocaloric materials, to learn the properties of the best magnet designs to date. Following this investigation the Halbach cylinder, which is a hollow permanent magnet cylinder with a rotating remanent flux density, is investigated in detail as it forms the basis of many magnet designs used in magnetic refrigeration. Here the optimal dimensions of a Halbach cylinder, as well as analytical calculations of the magnetic field for a Halbach cylinder of infinite length, are presented. Once it has been determined which properties are desirable for a magnet used in magnetic refrigeration the design of a new magnet is described. This is a high performance cylindrical magnet for use in a new magnetic refrigeration device being built at Risoe DTU. This magnet design must have alternating regions of high and low magnetic field. As a basis for the magnet design the concentric Halbach cylinder design is chosen. This design is then optimized by employing several developed optimization schemes that lower the flux density in a specific region and lower the amount of magnet material used in a given magnet assembly. These schemes are applied to a numerical model of the magnet design. Afterwards the magnet design is dimensioned and segmented to allow construction. This design has been constructed and the flux density measured. Finally, the magnetic forces internally in the magnet design and on the magnetocaloric material inside the magnet assembly have been analyzed. (Author)}
place = {Denmark}
year = {2010}
month = {Mar}
}