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Methodology for qualification of wood-based ash according to REACH - prestudy

Abstract

The new European Union framework directive on waste is to be implemented during the year 2010. According to this directive, much of what today is regarded as waste will instead be assessed as by-products and in many cases fall under the new European union regulation REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals). REACH applies in conjunction with the new European Union regulation CLP (Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures). There are introductory periods for both of these regulations, and in the case of CLP this regards transition from the present and previous rules under the dangerous substances and dangerous preparations directives (DSD and DPD, respectively). Similarly, the new framework directive on waste supersedes the previous directive and some other statements. There is a connection between the directives of waste and the rules for classification and labelling in that the classification of waste (in the categories hazardous and non-hazardous) build on (but are not identical to) the rules for labelling. Similarly, the national Swedish rules for acceptance of recycled material (waste) for use in geotechnical constructions relate to the provisions in REACH on assessment of chemical safety in the both request that the risk be assessed to be  More>>
Authors:
Sjoeblom, Rolf; [1]  Tivegaard, Anna-Maria [2] 
  1. Tekedo AB, Nykoeping (Sweden)
  2. SSAB Merox AB, Oxeloesund (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Feb 15, 2010
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
VARMEFORSK-1127
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 68 refs., 6 figs., 14 tabs. Figures and tables with text in English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; NONRADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; RECYCLING; EUROPEAN UNION; LEGISLATION; CLASSIFICATION; BY-PRODUCTS; REGULATIONS; ASHES; BUILDING MATERIALS; WOOD FUELS
OSTI ID:
973919
Research Organizations:
Vaermeforsk, Stockholm (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: Project Vaermeforsk-Q9-724; ISSN 1653-1248; ISSN 1653-1248; TRN: SE1007059
Availability:
Also available from: http://www.varmeforsk.se; OSTI as DE00973919
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
187 p. pages
Announcement Date:
Mar 29, 2010

Citation Formats

Sjoeblom, Rolf, and Tivegaard, Anna-Maria. Methodology for qualification of wood-based ash according to REACH - prestudy. Sweden: N. p., 2010. Web.
Sjoeblom, Rolf, & Tivegaard, Anna-Maria. Methodology for qualification of wood-based ash according to REACH - prestudy. Sweden.
Sjoeblom, Rolf, and Tivegaard, Anna-Maria. 2010. "Methodology for qualification of wood-based ash according to REACH - prestudy." Sweden.
@misc{etde_973919,
title = {Methodology for qualification of wood-based ash according to REACH - prestudy}
author = {Sjoeblom, Rolf, and Tivegaard, Anna-Maria}
abstractNote = {The new European Union framework directive on waste is to be implemented during the year 2010. According to this directive, much of what today is regarded as waste will instead be assessed as by-products and in many cases fall under the new European union regulation REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals). REACH applies in conjunction with the new European Union regulation CLP (Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures). There are introductory periods for both of these regulations, and in the case of CLP this regards transition from the present and previous rules under the dangerous substances and dangerous preparations directives (DSD and DPD, respectively). Similarly, the new framework directive on waste supersedes the previous directive and some other statements. There is a connection between the directives of waste and the rules for classification and labelling in that the classification of waste (in the categories hazardous and non-hazardous) build on (but are not identical to) the rules for labelling. Similarly, the national Swedish rules for acceptance of recycled material (waste) for use in geotechnical constructions relate to the provisions in REACH on assessment of chemical safety in the both request that the risk be assessed to be small, and that the same or similar methodologies can be applied to verify this. There is a 'reference alternative' in REACH that implies substantial testing prior to registration. Registration is the key to use of a substance even though a substance may be used as such, in a mixture, or to be released from an article. However, REACH as well as CLP contain a number of provisions for using literature data, data on similar chemicals e t c in order to avoid unnecessary testing. This especially applies to testing on humans and vertebrate animals. Vaermeforsk, through its Programme on Environmentally Friendly Use of Non-Coal Ashes has developed methodologies and guidelines for classification of waste as well as for assessment of impact to environment and health of geotechnical constructions using ash. The purpose of the present work is to analyse if these methods are applicable also under CLP and REACH, and if they might lead to improved efficiency compared to other alternatives. Particular attention is to be paid to the fact that the content of potentially hazardous components in ash is highly variable. The results of the work are intended to be used by ash generating facilities, branch organisations, SIEF's (SIEF = Substance Information Exchange Fora), consortia and authorities. The results of the study include the following (see section 8.2 for details). REACH is not only a regulation but also a negotiation document and a giant experiment. Even though ECHA (European Chemicals Agency) has issued a number of guidelines, it is still unclear what is actually required in a number of cases. The most important issue is that of whether or not ash must be regarded as consisting of just one substance, in which case many ashes might have to be tested. Testing on vertebrate animals is to be avoided as far as possible. It is concluded that the PPORD (Product and Process Orientated Research and Development) alternative would allow for already intended research and development work to take place as well as simultaneously allow time for the regulatory situation to resolve itself. Other alternatives, e g UVCB, are appropriate in cases where well developed applications are marketed. No reason has been found why the above mentioned domestic methodologies could not be used under REACH and CLP. Instead, they are assessed to be highly suitable and efficient}
place = {Sweden}
year = {2010}
month = {Feb}
}