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Comparative emissions from Pakistani coals and traditional coals

Conference:

Abstract

Briquette coal has been widely used for domestic cooking and heating in many Chinese cites over the last two decades. To determine whether burning briquette coal contributes significantly to indoor air pollution, a study was performed in cities-of Southern China in which the measured levels of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, TSP, SD, B(a)P in the kitchens of coal burning families were compared with levels obtained in families using gas. Significantly higher contentions of these pollutants, whose peaks correlated with daily cooking episodes, were detected in coal burning families. The levels of TSP and B(a)P were further found to be dependent on cooking methods, with deep frying and stir-frying of meat generating the most indoor TSP and B(a)P. Briquette coal burning was found to be the source of B(a)P contamination in food. A higher incidence of chronic pharyngitis as well as a suppressed salivary bacteriolytic enzyme activity were found in children of coal burning families. Epidemiologic and laboratory studies also show a close association between coal burning and the incidence of lung cancer in females. (author)
Authors:
Du, Y X; [1]  Huang, L F [2] 
  1. Guangzhou Medical College (China). Dept. of Hygiene
  2. Guangzhou Health and Anti-epidemic Station (China)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1993
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
NEI-FI-222-Vol.3; CONF-930701-Vol.3
Reference Number:
SCA: 320107; 560300; 016000; PA: FI-95:003440; EDB-95:123400; ERA-20:026326; SN: 95001443809
Resource Relation:
Conference: 6. international conference on indoor air quality and climate, Helsinki (Finland), 4-8 Jul 1993; Other Information: DN: Published in 6 volumes; PBD: 1993; Related Information: Is Part Of Indoor Air `93. Combustion products, risk assessment, policies. Proceedings; Jantunen, M. [ed.] [National Public Health Inst., Helsinki (Finland)]; Kalliokoski, P. [ed.] [Kuopio Univ. (Finland)]; Kukkonen, P. [ed.] [Ministry of the Environment, Helsinki (Finland)]; Saarela, K. [ed.] [Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)]; Seppaenen, O. [ed.] [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland)]; Vuorelma, H. [ed.] [Nordic Committee on Building Regulations, Helsinki (Finland)]; PB: 623 p.
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; AIR QUALITY; COMBUSTION PRODUCTS; HEALTH HAZARDS; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; HOUSEHOLDS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; COAL; CHINA
OSTI ID:
96860
Research Organizations:
Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Lab. of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE95796395; TRN: FI9503440
Availability:
OSTI as DE95796395
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
pp. 123-128
Announcement Date:

Conference:

Citation Formats

Du, Y X, and Huang, L F. Comparative emissions from Pakistani coals and traditional coals. Finland: N. p., 1993. Web.
Du, Y X, & Huang, L F. Comparative emissions from Pakistani coals and traditional coals. Finland.
Du, Y X, and Huang, L F. 1993. "Comparative emissions from Pakistani coals and traditional coals." Finland.
@misc{etde_96860,
title = {Comparative emissions from Pakistani coals and traditional coals}
author = {Du, Y X, and Huang, L F}
abstractNote = {Briquette coal has been widely used for domestic cooking and heating in many Chinese cites over the last two decades. To determine whether burning briquette coal contributes significantly to indoor air pollution, a study was performed in cities-of Southern China in which the measured levels of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, TSP, SD, B(a)P in the kitchens of coal burning families were compared with levels obtained in families using gas. Significantly higher contentions of these pollutants, whose peaks correlated with daily cooking episodes, were detected in coal burning families. The levels of TSP and B(a)P were further found to be dependent on cooking methods, with deep frying and stir-frying of meat generating the most indoor TSP and B(a)P. Briquette coal burning was found to be the source of B(a)P contamination in food. A higher incidence of chronic pharyngitis as well as a suppressed salivary bacteriolytic enzyme activity were found in children of coal burning families. Epidemiologic and laboratory studies also show a close association between coal burning and the incidence of lung cancer in females. (author)}
place = {Finland}
year = {1993}
month = {Dec}
}