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Hot water reticulation

Abstract

Hot water reticulation (district heating) is an established method of energy supply within cities in many countries. It is based on the fact that heat can often be obtained cheaply in bulk, and that the resultant savings can, in suitable circumstances, justify the investment in a reticulation network of insulated pipes to distribute the heat to many consumers in the form of hot water or occasionally steam. The heat can be used by domestic, commercial, and industrial consumers for space heating and water heating, and by industries for process heat. The costs of supplying domestic consumers can be determined by considering an average residential area, but industrial and commercial consumers are so varied in their requirements that every proposal must be treated independently. Fixed costs, variable costs, total costs, and demand and resource constraints are discussed.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Oct 15, 1977
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
CONF-7705183-
Reference Number:
EDB-80-083884
Resource Relation:
Conference: 3. New Zealand energy conference, Wellington, New Zealand, 12 May 1977; Related Information: In: Proceedings of the third New Zealand energy conference.
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; DISTRICT HEATING; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; NEW ZEALAND; BUILDINGS; CAPITALIZED COST; HEAT RECOVERY; HOT WATER; OPERATING COST; STEAM; AUSTRALASIA; COST; ECONOMICS; ENERGY RECOVERY; HEATING; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RECOVERY; WATER; 320603* - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Municipalities & Community Systems- Public Utilities- (1980-); 290800 - Energy Planning & Policy- Heat Utilization- (1980-)
OSTI ID:
8500486
Research Organizations:
Dept. of Scientific and Industrial Research, Petone (New Zealand)
Country of Origin:
New Zealand
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 5p, Paper 11
Announcement Date:
Mar 15, 2013

Citation Formats

Fellows, S. K. Hot water reticulation. New Zealand: N. p., 1977. Web.
Fellows, S. K. Hot water reticulation. New Zealand.
Fellows, S. K. 1977. "Hot water reticulation." New Zealand.
@misc{etde_8500486,
title = {Hot water reticulation}
author = {Fellows, S. K.}
abstractNote = {Hot water reticulation (district heating) is an established method of energy supply within cities in many countries. It is based on the fact that heat can often be obtained cheaply in bulk, and that the resultant savings can, in suitable circumstances, justify the investment in a reticulation network of insulated pipes to distribute the heat to many consumers in the form of hot water or occasionally steam. The heat can be used by domestic, commercial, and industrial consumers for space heating and water heating, and by industries for process heat. The costs of supplying domestic consumers can be determined by considering an average residential area, but industrial and commercial consumers are so varied in their requirements that every proposal must be treated independently. Fixed costs, variable costs, total costs, and demand and resource constraints are discussed.}
place = {New Zealand}
year = {1977}
month = {Oct}
}