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Sorghums: viable biomass candidates

Conference:

Abstract

Agronomic studies conducted at Battelle's Columbus Division to evaluate biomass and sugar yields of sweet sorghum are described and the major findings are summarized. Development opportunities for using sorghum cultivars as a large-scale energy crop are discussed. With presently available cultivars, sweet sorghum should produce 3500 to 4000 liters ethanol per hectare from the fermentable sugars alone. Conversion of the stalk fibers into alcohol could increase production by another 1600 to 1900 liters per hectare with existing cultivars. These yields are approximately 30 to 40% greater per hectare than would be obtained from above average yields of grain and stalk fiber with corn. There is reason to believe, that with hybrid sweet sorghum, these yields could be further increased by as much as 30%. Diminishing land availability for agricultural crops necessitates that maximum yields be obtained. Over the next decade, imaginative technological innovations in sorghum harvesting, processing, and crop preservation, coupled with plant breeding research should help this crop realize its full potential as a renewable resource for energy production.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1980
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
CONF-801030-(Vol.1)
Reference Number:
ERA-06-034505; EDB-81-1152032; ERA-07-003626; EDB-82-001289
Resource Relation:
Conference: 4. international symposium on alcohol fuels technology, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 5 Oct 1980; Related Information: In: IV international symposium on alcohol fuels technology.
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS PLANTATIONS; EVALUATION; SORGHUM; CULTIVATION TECHNIQUES; HARVESTING; PRODUCTIVITY; CHEMICAL REACTION YIELD; COMMERCIALIZATION; COST; ETHANOL; FERTILIZERS; GLUCOSE; PRODUCTION; RAW MATERIALS; STORAGE; ALCOHOLS; ALDEHYDES; CARBOHYDRATES; CEREALS; GRAMINEAE; GRASS; HEXOSES; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; MATERIALS; MONOSACCHARIDES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; SACCHARIDES; YIELDS; 140504* - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)
Sponsoring Organizations:
USDOE
OSTI ID:
8464238
Research Organizations:
Battelle Memorial Institute (United States)
Country of Origin:
Brazil
Language:
English
Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-92
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE81903753
Availability:
NTIS (US Sales Only), PC A21/MF A01.
Submitting Site:
BMI
Size:
Pages: 123-130
Announcement Date:
Mar 15, 2013

Conference:

Citation Formats

McClure, T A, Arthur, M F, Kresovich, S, and Scantland, D A. Sorghums: viable biomass candidates. Brazil: N. p., 1980. Web.
McClure, T A, Arthur, M F, Kresovich, S, & Scantland, D A. Sorghums: viable biomass candidates. Brazil.
McClure, T A, Arthur, M F, Kresovich, S, and Scantland, D A. 1980. "Sorghums: viable biomass candidates." Brazil.
@misc{etde_8464238,
title = {Sorghums: viable biomass candidates}
author = {McClure, T A, Arthur, M F, Kresovich, S, and Scantland, D A}
abstractNote = {Agronomic studies conducted at Battelle's Columbus Division to evaluate biomass and sugar yields of sweet sorghum are described and the major findings are summarized. Development opportunities for using sorghum cultivars as a large-scale energy crop are discussed. With presently available cultivars, sweet sorghum should produce 3500 to 4000 liters ethanol per hectare from the fermentable sugars alone. Conversion of the stalk fibers into alcohol could increase production by another 1600 to 1900 liters per hectare with existing cultivars. These yields are approximately 30 to 40% greater per hectare than would be obtained from above average yields of grain and stalk fiber with corn. There is reason to believe, that with hybrid sweet sorghum, these yields could be further increased by as much as 30%. Diminishing land availability for agricultural crops necessitates that maximum yields be obtained. Over the next decade, imaginative technological innovations in sorghum harvesting, processing, and crop preservation, coupled with plant breeding research should help this crop realize its full potential as a renewable resource for energy production.}
place = {Brazil}
year = {1980}
month = {Jan}
}