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Solar heating as a major source of energy for Australia

Abstract

Solar energy can make its most effective contribution to Australian primary energy in the form of heat for industrial applications. About 50% of all end use energy is required as heat and it is estimated that 40% of this amounting to 1 EJ/a by 2000 could be supplied by solar heat generating systems. This would be 12% of estimated primary energy requirements by that time, and could help reduce the country's increasing dependence on imported oil. Energy self-sufficiency for Australia is possible, based on coal, solar energy and natural gas as primary energy sources. The reason for the present orientation towards residential solar water heaters is that there are many places where electric power for water heating costs between 2 and 4 cents per kWh which makes a solar water heater an attractive proposition. There is also a growing interest in the solar heating of swimming pools, mostly for private homes but also in larger installations for public and institutional pools. Industrial applications, on the other hand, are inhibited by the current low energy prices in Australia, which in some cases are around 0.13 cents/MJ (.47 cents/kWh). Industry, however, uses 40% of Australian primary energy, and represents by far the  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1977
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
CONF-770980-1
Reference Number:
ERA-04-005445; EDB-79-001036
Resource Relation:
Conference: 10. world energy conference on availability and rational use of energy resources, Istanbul (Turkey), 19-23 Sep 1977
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; AUSTRALIA; SOLAR ENERGY; SOLAR PROCESS HEAT; SOLAR WATER HEATERS; SWIMMING POOLS; SOLAR WATER HEATING; BOILERS; COAL; COST; EFFICIENCY; INDUSTRIAL PLANTS; INDUSTRY; NATURAL GAS; OPERATION; PETROLEUM; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; REVIEWS; APPLIANCES; AUSTRALASIA; BUILDINGS; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ENERGY; ENERGY SOURCES; FLUIDS; FOSSIL FUELS; FUEL GAS; FUELS; GAS FUELS; GASES; HEAT; HEATERS; HEATING; PROCESS HEAT; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; SOLAR HEATING; SURFACE WATERS; WATER HEATERS; 140000* - Solar Energy; 140900 - Solar Thermal Utilization
OSTI ID:
8306905
Research Organizations:
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Canberra (Australia)
Country of Origin:
Australia
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 22
Announcement Date:
Mar 14, 2013

Citation Formats

Morse, R. N. Solar heating as a major source of energy for Australia. Australia: N. p., 1977. Web.
Morse, R. N. Solar heating as a major source of energy for Australia. Australia.
Morse, R. N. 1977. "Solar heating as a major source of energy for Australia." Australia.
@misc{etde_8306905,
title = {Solar heating as a major source of energy for Australia}
author = {Morse, R. N.}
abstractNote = {Solar energy can make its most effective contribution to Australian primary energy in the form of heat for industrial applications. About 50% of all end use energy is required as heat and it is estimated that 40% of this amounting to 1 EJ/a by 2000 could be supplied by solar heat generating systems. This would be 12% of estimated primary energy requirements by that time, and could help reduce the country's increasing dependence on imported oil. Energy self-sufficiency for Australia is possible, based on coal, solar energy and natural gas as primary energy sources. The reason for the present orientation towards residential solar water heaters is that there are many places where electric power for water heating costs between 2 and 4 cents per kWh which makes a solar water heater an attractive proposition. There is also a growing interest in the solar heating of swimming pools, mostly for private homes but also in larger installations for public and institutional pools. Industrial applications, on the other hand, are inhibited by the current low energy prices in Australia, which in some cases are around 0.13 cents/MJ (.47 cents/kWh). Industry, however, uses 40% of Australian primary energy, and represents by far the greatest potential for solar heat generating systems. Demonstration plants are being planned to obtain data on capital and running costs, and at the same time build up professional design and constructional skills in this area. The first demonstration solar industrial process heating system was commissioned in December 1976 and supplies portion of the heat requirements of a soft drink plant in conjunction with the existing oil fired boiler. Integrated solar/oil fired systems of this sort ensure continuous operation of the plant and over a year can result in significant oil savings.}
place = {Australia}
year = {1977}
month = {Jul}
}