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Atmospheric input of trace substances into the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Stoffeintrag in Nord- und Ostsee ueber die Atmosphaere

Technical Report:

Abstract

The concentrations and deposition of atmospheric trace substances were measured over the Kiel Bight and the Southern North Sea. A European longrange-transport model was used to calculate the atmospheric concentrations of trace metals and their deposition into the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Natural and anthropogenic emitted element concentrations could be separated definitely by the measurements, and preferred transport directions of anthropogenic contributions could be found. Concentrations measured over the North Sea could be related to the surrounding emission areas by airmass trajectory analyses. The deposition measurements show that the main removal process is due to deposition by precipitation. Calculated and measured concentrations at several receptor points agreed well. The model results confirm the dominating role of wet deposition. It could be shown that extrapolations from measurements at coastal stations to the whole sea area tend to overestimate the total deposition into North Sea and Baltic Sea. (orig.) With 78 refs., 26 tabs., 85 figs.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1989
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
GKSS-89/E/8
Reference Number:
DE-89-010493; EDB-89-133947
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR POLLUTION; TRACE AMOUNTS; DEPOSITION; BALTIC SEA; NORTH SEA; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; EARTH ATMOSPHERE; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; PROGRESS REPORT; ATLANTIC OCEAN; DOCUMENT TYPES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS; 500200* - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
7784542
Research Organizations:
GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht G.m.b.H., Geesthacht-Tesperhude (Germany, F.R.); Umweltbundesamt, Berlin (Germany, F.R.)
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
German
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE89914972
Availability:
NTIS (US Sales Only), PC A08/MF A01; 1.
Submitting Site:
DE
Size:
Pages: 165
Announcement Date:
Mar 14, 2013

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Grassl, H, Eppel, D, Petersen, G, Schneider, B, Weber, H, Gandrass, J, Reinhardt, K H, Wodarg, D, and Fliess, J. Atmospheric input of trace substances into the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Stoffeintrag in Nord- und Ostsee ueber die Atmosphaere. Germany: N. p., 1989. Web.
Grassl, H, Eppel, D, Petersen, G, Schneider, B, Weber, H, Gandrass, J, Reinhardt, K H, Wodarg, D, & Fliess, J. Atmospheric input of trace substances into the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Stoffeintrag in Nord- und Ostsee ueber die Atmosphaere. Germany.
Grassl, H, Eppel, D, Petersen, G, Schneider, B, Weber, H, Gandrass, J, Reinhardt, K H, Wodarg, D, and Fliess, J. 1989. "Atmospheric input of trace substances into the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Stoffeintrag in Nord- und Ostsee ueber die Atmosphaere." Germany.
@misc{etde_7784542,
title = {Atmospheric input of trace substances into the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Stoffeintrag in Nord- und Ostsee ueber die Atmosphaere}
author = {Grassl, H, Eppel, D, Petersen, G, Schneider, B, Weber, H, Gandrass, J, Reinhardt, K H, Wodarg, D, and Fliess, J}
abstractNote = {The concentrations and deposition of atmospheric trace substances were measured over the Kiel Bight and the Southern North Sea. A European longrange-transport model was used to calculate the atmospheric concentrations of trace metals and their deposition into the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Natural and anthropogenic emitted element concentrations could be separated definitely by the measurements, and preferred transport directions of anthropogenic contributions could be found. Concentrations measured over the North Sea could be related to the surrounding emission areas by airmass trajectory analyses. The deposition measurements show that the main removal process is due to deposition by precipitation. Calculated and measured concentrations at several receptor points agreed well. The model results confirm the dominating role of wet deposition. It could be shown that extrapolations from measurements at coastal stations to the whole sea area tend to overestimate the total deposition into North Sea and Baltic Sea. (orig.) With 78 refs., 26 tabs., 85 figs.}
place = {Germany}
year = {1989}
month = {Jan}
}