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Hydrocarbon uptake and loss by the mussel Mytilus edulis

Journal Article:

Abstract

The dynamics of accumulation and elimination of hydrocarbons by the blue mussel Mytilus edulis were studied in a continuous-flow system. Mussels were exposed for as long as 41 days to 200 to 400 ..mu..g/l of diesel fuel adsorbed on kaolin particles. Hydrocarbons were accumulated in the tissues in excess of 1000 times the exposure levels. Upon termination of dosing, the mussels exhibited a rather rapid loss of hydrocarbons for the first 15 to 20 days (biological half-life = 2.7 to 3.5 days). Subsequently, however, elimination was reduced to a minimum and a considerable fraction of the hydrocarbons could be recovered from the tissues after as long as 32 days of depuration. The mussels exhibited definite signs of physiological stress due to chronic exposure to diesel fuel, although recovery was rapid upon termination of dosing. It is concluded that mussels could be utilized as a test organism for monitoring long-term hydrocarbon pollution in marine waters. The implications for the mussel culture industry are discussed.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1976
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-77-076742
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Mar. Biol.; (Germany, Federal Republic of); Journal Volume: 36:3
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 02 PETROLEUM; HYDROCARBONS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; MOLLUSCS; PHYSIOLOGY; AQUACULTURE; BIOLOGICAL ACCUMULATION; BIOLOGICAL HALF-LIFE; BIOLOGICAL RECOVERY; BIOLOGICAL STRESS; CHRONIC INTAKE; DIESEL FUELS; EXCRETION; KAOLIN; MONITORING; PETROLEUM; POLLUTION; RETENTION FUNCTIONS; SEAWATER; TISSUES; UPTAKE; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; BODY; CLAYS; CLEARANCE; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INTAKE; INVERTEBRATES; MINERALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RECOVERY; WATER; 560304* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Invertebrates- (-1987); 020900 - Petroleum- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
7309520
Research Organizations:
Instituto di Biologia del Mare, Venezia, Italy
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: MBIOA
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 243-250
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Fossato, V U, and Canzonier, W J. Hydrocarbon uptake and loss by the mussel Mytilus edulis. Germany: N. p., 1976. Web.
Fossato, V U, & Canzonier, W J. Hydrocarbon uptake and loss by the mussel Mytilus edulis. Germany.
Fossato, V U, and Canzonier, W J. 1976. "Hydrocarbon uptake and loss by the mussel Mytilus edulis." Germany.
@misc{etde_7309520,
title = {Hydrocarbon uptake and loss by the mussel Mytilus edulis}
author = {Fossato, V U, and Canzonier, W J}
abstractNote = {The dynamics of accumulation and elimination of hydrocarbons by the blue mussel Mytilus edulis were studied in a continuous-flow system. Mussels were exposed for as long as 41 days to 200 to 400 ..mu..g/l of diesel fuel adsorbed on kaolin particles. Hydrocarbons were accumulated in the tissues in excess of 1000 times the exposure levels. Upon termination of dosing, the mussels exhibited a rather rapid loss of hydrocarbons for the first 15 to 20 days (biological half-life = 2.7 to 3.5 days). Subsequently, however, elimination was reduced to a minimum and a considerable fraction of the hydrocarbons could be recovered from the tissues after as long as 32 days of depuration. The mussels exhibited definite signs of physiological stress due to chronic exposure to diesel fuel, although recovery was rapid upon termination of dosing. It is concluded that mussels could be utilized as a test organism for monitoring long-term hydrocarbon pollution in marine waters. The implications for the mussel culture industry are discussed.}
journal = {Mar. Biol.; (Germany, Federal Republic of)}
volume = {36:3}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Germany}
year = {1976}
month = {Jan}
}