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Recycling of plastics

Abstract

Considering the shortage of raw materials and environmental pollution, the recycling of plastic waste is a very important topic. Pilot plants for research in Funabashi Japan, Franklin (Ohio) U.S.A., and the R 80-process of Krauss Maffei, W. Germany, have demonstrated the possibility of reclaiming plastics from refuse. Old tires and waste from the plastic producing and manufacturing industries are readily available. The pyrolysis of plastic yields gaseous and liquid products, and the exploitation of this cracking reaction has been demonstrated by pilot plants in Japan and Great Britain. Further laboratory scale experiments are taking place in W. Germany. In continuous fluidized beds and in molten salts, polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinylchloride, polystyrene and rubber are pyrolysed and better than 98 percent conversion is obtained. Up to 40 percent of the feed can be obtained as aromatic compounds, and a pilot plant is under construction. As a first step PVC-containing material can be almost quantitatively dehydrochlorinated.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1976
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
ERA-02-051138; EDB-77-111098
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Conserv. Recycl.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 1:1
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; FUEL GAS; SYNTHESIS; LIQUID FUELS; PLASTICS; PYROLYSIS; TIRES; BENCH-SCALE EXPERIMENTS; FLUIDIZED BED; MOLTEN SALTS; PILOT PLANTS; POLYETHYLENES; POLYPROPYLENE; POLYSTYRENE; PVC; RECYCLING; RUBBERS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CHLORINATED ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS; DECOMPOSITION; ELASTOMERS; ENERGY SOURCES; FLUIDS; FUELS; FUNCTIONAL MODELS; GAS FUELS; GASES; HALOGENATED ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC POLYMERS; PETROCHEMICALS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; POLYMERS; POLYOLEFINS; POLYVINYLS; SALTS; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; 090122* - Hydrocarbon Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989)
OSTI ID:
7305336
Research Organizations:
Univ., Hamburg
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: CRECD
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 91-110
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Kaminsky, W, Menzel, J, and Sinn, H. Recycling of plastics. United Kingdom: N. p., 1976. Web. doi:10.1016/0361-3658(76)90009-6.
Kaminsky, W, Menzel, J, & Sinn, H. Recycling of plastics. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0361-3658(76)90009-6.
Kaminsky, W, Menzel, J, and Sinn, H. 1976. "Recycling of plastics." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0361-3658(76)90009-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0361-3658(76)90009-6.
@misc{etde_7305336,
title = {Recycling of plastics}
author = {Kaminsky, W, Menzel, J, and Sinn, H}
abstractNote = {Considering the shortage of raw materials and environmental pollution, the recycling of plastic waste is a very important topic. Pilot plants for research in Funabashi Japan, Franklin (Ohio) U.S.A., and the R 80-process of Krauss Maffei, W. Germany, have demonstrated the possibility of reclaiming plastics from refuse. Old tires and waste from the plastic producing and manufacturing industries are readily available. The pyrolysis of plastic yields gaseous and liquid products, and the exploitation of this cracking reaction has been demonstrated by pilot plants in Japan and Great Britain. Further laboratory scale experiments are taking place in W. Germany. In continuous fluidized beds and in molten salts, polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinylchloride, polystyrene and rubber are pyrolysed and better than 98 percent conversion is obtained. Up to 40 percent of the feed can be obtained as aromatic compounds, and a pilot plant is under construction. As a first step PVC-containing material can be almost quantitatively dehydrochlorinated.}
doi = {10.1016/0361-3658(76)90009-6}
journal = {Conserv. Recycl.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {1:1}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1976}
month = {Jan}
}