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Cooling tower make-up water processing for nuclear power plants: a comparison

Journal Article:

Abstract

In water-cooled nuclear power plants, 1 to 2% of the total investment costs go to cooling tower make-up water processing. The crude water taken from rivers or stationary waters for cooling must be sufficiently purified regarding its content of solids, carbonate hardness and corrosive components so as to guarantee an operation free of disturbances. At the same time, the processing methods must be selected for operational-economic reasons in such a manner that waste water and waste problems are kept small regarding environmental protection. The various parameters described have a decisive influence on the processing methods of the crude water, individual processes (filtration, sedimentation, decarbonization) are described, circuit possibilities for cooling water systems are compared and the various processes are analyzed and compared with regard to profitableness and environmental compatability.
Authors:
Andres, O; Flunkert, F; Hampel, G; Schiffers, A [1] 
  1. Rheinisch-Westfaelisches Elektrizitaetswerk A.G., Essen (Germany, F.R.)
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1977
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-08-328353; ERA-03-000775; EDB-77-145547
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energie; (Germany, Federal Republic of); Journal Volume: 29:1; Other Information: 7 figs.; 11 refs.; with tabs
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; COOLING TOWERS; WATER CHEMISTRY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; CALCIUM CARBONATES; CHLORIDES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COOLING SYSTEMS; COST; DECARBONIZATION; ENVIRONMENT; FEEDWATER; FILTRATION; FLOCCULATION; RESIDUES; SLURRIES; SULFATES; SURFACE WATERS; SUSPENSIONS; WASTE WATER; ALKALINE EARTH METAL COMPOUNDS; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBONATES; CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; DISPERSIONS; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; LIQUID WASTES; MIXTURES; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POWER PLANTS; PRECIPITATION; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; WASTES; WATER; 220200* - Nuclear Reactor Technology- Components & Accessories; 200101 - Fossil-Fueled Power Plants- Cooling & Heat Transfer Equipment & Systems
OSTI ID:
7290236
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
German
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: ENERA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 6-13
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Andres, O, Flunkert, F, Hampel, G, and Schiffers, A. Cooling tower make-up water processing for nuclear power plants: a comparison. Germany: N. p., 1977. Web.
Andres, O, Flunkert, F, Hampel, G, & Schiffers, A. Cooling tower make-up water processing for nuclear power plants: a comparison. Germany.
Andres, O, Flunkert, F, Hampel, G, and Schiffers, A. 1977. "Cooling tower make-up water processing for nuclear power plants: a comparison." Germany.
@misc{etde_7290236,
title = {Cooling tower make-up water processing for nuclear power plants: a comparison}
author = {Andres, O, Flunkert, F, Hampel, G, and Schiffers, A}
abstractNote = {In water-cooled nuclear power plants, 1 to 2% of the total investment costs go to cooling tower make-up water processing. The crude water taken from rivers or stationary waters for cooling must be sufficiently purified regarding its content of solids, carbonate hardness and corrosive components so as to guarantee an operation free of disturbances. At the same time, the processing methods must be selected for operational-economic reasons in such a manner that waste water and waste problems are kept small regarding environmental protection. The various parameters described have a decisive influence on the processing methods of the crude water, individual processes (filtration, sedimentation, decarbonization) are described, circuit possibilities for cooling water systems are compared and the various processes are analyzed and compared with regard to profitableness and environmental compatability.}
journal = {Energie; (Germany, Federal Republic of)}
volume = {29:1}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Germany}
year = {1977}
month = {Jan}
}