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Measures of association of some air pollutants. Natural ionizing radiation and cigarette smoking with mortality rates

Conference:

Abstract

Two methods are employed to estimate the association of hydrocarbons, sulfur compounds, nitrogen compounds, natural ionizing radiation, and cigarette smoking with some age stratified and disease specific United States mortality rates for white males. The first method is based on a ridge regression technique and the second on a sign constrained least squares analysis. It is concluded that increased concentration of sulfur compounds and increased consumption of cigarettes are associated with increases in the total white male mortality rate. Associations for nitrogen compounds, the hydrogen index, and ionizing radiation are dependent on methodology and data stratification. The estimated elasticities are not directly comparable to those from other studies. Most estimates are fairly close except for the associations of heart disease with sulfur compounds. (JTE)
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1976
Product Type:
Conference
Reference Number:
EDB-76-088471
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Sci. Total Environ.; (Netherlands); Journal Volume: 5:2; Conference: International symposium on recent advancements in assessment health effects environmental pollution, Paris, France, 24 Jun 1975
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; AIR POLLUTION; HEALTH HAZARDS; ARTERIOSCLEROSIS; CORRELATIONS; DISEASES; HYDROCARBONS; IONIZING RADIATIONS; LUNGS; MALES; MAN; MORTALITY; NEOPLASMS; STATISTICS; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; TOBACCO SMOKES; AEROSOLS; ANIMALS; BODY; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES; COLLOIDS; DISPERSIONS; HAZARDS; MAMMALS; MATHEMATICS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANS; POLLUTION; PRIMATES; RADIATIONS; RESIDUES; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM; SMOKES; SOLS; VERTEBRATES; 560300* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology
OSTI ID:
7265238
Research Organizations:
General Motors Corp., Warren, MI
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: STEVA
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 139-169
Announcement Date:
May 13, 2001

Conference:

Citation Formats

Schwing, R C, and McDonald, G C. Measures of association of some air pollutants. Natural ionizing radiation and cigarette smoking with mortality rates. Netherlands: N. p., 1976. Web.
Schwing, R C, & McDonald, G C. Measures of association of some air pollutants. Natural ionizing radiation and cigarette smoking with mortality rates. Netherlands.
Schwing, R C, and McDonald, G C. 1976. "Measures of association of some air pollutants. Natural ionizing radiation and cigarette smoking with mortality rates." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_7265238,
title = {Measures of association of some air pollutants. Natural ionizing radiation and cigarette smoking with mortality rates}
author = {Schwing, R C, and McDonald, G C}
abstractNote = {Two methods are employed to estimate the association of hydrocarbons, sulfur compounds, nitrogen compounds, natural ionizing radiation, and cigarette smoking with some age stratified and disease specific United States mortality rates for white males. The first method is based on a ridge regression technique and the second on a sign constrained least squares analysis. It is concluded that increased concentration of sulfur compounds and increased consumption of cigarettes are associated with increases in the total white male mortality rate. Associations for nitrogen compounds, the hydrogen index, and ionizing radiation are dependent on methodology and data stratification. The estimated elasticities are not directly comparable to those from other studies. Most estimates are fairly close except for the associations of heart disease with sulfur compounds. (JTE)}
journal = {Sci. Total Environ.; (Netherlands)}
volume = {5:2}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1976}
month = {Mar}
}