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Acid precipitation and reproductive success of Ambystoma salamanders

Journal Article:

Abstract

The two species of mole salamander that occur in the Ithaca, New York, region (Ambystoma maculatum and A. jeffersonianum) breed in temporary ponds that are formed by accumulation of melted snow and spring rains. Water in many of these pools during the breeding season is acid; pH values as low as 3.5 have been measured. In laboratory experiments A. maculatum tolerated pHs from 6 to 10 and had greatest hatching success at pH 7 to 9. Ambystoma jeffersonianum tolerated pH 4 to 8 and was most successful at pH 5 to 6. Mortality rose abruptly beyond the tolerance limits. The pH optimum shifted upward with increasing temperature for A. jeffersonianum and downward for A. maculatum. Judging from our laboratory studies, the acidity measured in breeding ponds should cause mortality in A. maculatum and permit normal development in A. jeffersonianum. In a 4 yr study of a large, acidic vernal pond, 938 adult A. maculatum produced 486 metamorphosed juveniles (0.52 juvenile/adult), while 686 adult A. jeffersonianum produced 2157 juveniles (3.14 juveniles/adult). Because the effects of acid precipitation on the salamanders' breeding ponds are cumulative from year to year, profound changes in the salamander populations can be anticipated.
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1977
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
ERA-02-050076; EDB-77-109192
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Water, Air, Soil Pollut.; (Netherlands); Journal Volume: 7:3
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ACID RAIN; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; SALAMANDERS; REPRODUCTION; AIR POLLUTION; HATCHING; MORTALITY; NEW YORK; PH VALUE; PONDS; POPULATION DYNAMICS; SNOW; TEMPERATURE EFFECTS; AMPHIBIANS; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; MID-ATLANTIC REGION; NORTH AMERICA; POLLUTION; RAIN; USA; VERTEBRATES; 560305* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Vertebrates- (-1987); 520200 - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
7256397
Research Organizations:
Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: WAPLA
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 307-316
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Pough, F H, and Wilson, R E. Acid precipitation and reproductive success of Ambystoma salamanders. Netherlands: N. p., 1977. Web.
Pough, F H, & Wilson, R E. Acid precipitation and reproductive success of Ambystoma salamanders. Netherlands.
Pough, F H, and Wilson, R E. 1977. "Acid precipitation and reproductive success of Ambystoma salamanders." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_7256397,
title = {Acid precipitation and reproductive success of Ambystoma salamanders}
author = {Pough, F H, and Wilson, R E}
abstractNote = {The two species of mole salamander that occur in the Ithaca, New York, region (Ambystoma maculatum and A. jeffersonianum) breed in temporary ponds that are formed by accumulation of melted snow and spring rains. Water in many of these pools during the breeding season is acid; pH values as low as 3.5 have been measured. In laboratory experiments A. maculatum tolerated pHs from 6 to 10 and had greatest hatching success at pH 7 to 9. Ambystoma jeffersonianum tolerated pH 4 to 8 and was most successful at pH 5 to 6. Mortality rose abruptly beyond the tolerance limits. The pH optimum shifted upward with increasing temperature for A. jeffersonianum and downward for A. maculatum. Judging from our laboratory studies, the acidity measured in breeding ponds should cause mortality in A. maculatum and permit normal development in A. jeffersonianum. In a 4 yr study of a large, acidic vernal pond, 938 adult A. maculatum produced 486 metamorphosed juveniles (0.52 juvenile/adult), while 686 adult A. jeffersonianum produced 2157 juveniles (3.14 juveniles/adult). Because the effects of acid precipitation on the salamanders' breeding ponds are cumulative from year to year, profound changes in the salamander populations can be anticipated.}
journal = {Water, Air, Soil Pollut.; (Netherlands)}
volume = {7:3}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1977}
month = {Mar}
}