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Chemical examination of the organic matter in oil shales

Journal Article:

Abstract

The analyses of Broxburn (Scotland), Pumpherston (Scotland), Armadale (Scotland), Australian, and Knightsbridge oil shales were given. Also, the action of nitric acid and solvents on some of the oil shales was determined. Carbon-hydrogen ratios of the oil shales varied from 6 to more than 8, and the shales with the lowest ratio (most hydrogen per carbon) produced the largest amount of oil from a given amount of organic matter. There was little resinous material in the oil shales, and most of the organic matter was insoluble in organic solvents. Nitric acid oxidized Australian torbanite, Broxburn shale, New Battle cannel coal (Scotland), and Glenfullock peat to organic acids. The hydrogen content of the organic acids obtained by oxidizing the following materials increased from ordinary coal to cannel coal to peat to Broxburn shale to torbanite. The organic substance in oil shale is a decomposition product of vegetable matter similar to that found in peat and cannel coal, and it was produced by a definite combination of external conditions.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1914
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-77-117799
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Proc. R. Soc. Edinburgh, Sect. B; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 34
Subject:
04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; OIL SHALES; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; CARBON; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; HYDROGEN; NITRIC ACID; ORGANIC SOLVENTS; QUANTITY RATIO; BITUMINOUS MATERIALS; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CRYOGENIC FLUIDS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; FLUIDS; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INORGANIC ACIDS; NONMETALS; SOLVENTS; 040500* - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Properties & Composition
OSTI ID:
7253858
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: PREBA
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 190-201
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Robertson, J B. Chemical examination of the organic matter in oil shales. United Kingdom: N. p., 1914. Web.
Robertson, J B. Chemical examination of the organic matter in oil shales. United Kingdom.
Robertson, J B. 1914. "Chemical examination of the organic matter in oil shales." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_7253858,
title = {Chemical examination of the organic matter in oil shales}
author = {Robertson, J B}
abstractNote = {The analyses of Broxburn (Scotland), Pumpherston (Scotland), Armadale (Scotland), Australian, and Knightsbridge oil shales were given. Also, the action of nitric acid and solvents on some of the oil shales was determined. Carbon-hydrogen ratios of the oil shales varied from 6 to more than 8, and the shales with the lowest ratio (most hydrogen per carbon) produced the largest amount of oil from a given amount of organic matter. There was little resinous material in the oil shales, and most of the organic matter was insoluble in organic solvents. Nitric acid oxidized Australian torbanite, Broxburn shale, New Battle cannel coal (Scotland), and Glenfullock peat to organic acids. The hydrogen content of the organic acids obtained by oxidizing the following materials increased from ordinary coal to cannel coal to peat to Broxburn shale to torbanite. The organic substance in oil shale is a decomposition product of vegetable matter similar to that found in peat and cannel coal, and it was produced by a definite combination of external conditions.}
journal = {Proc. R. Soc. Edinburgh, Sect. B; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {34}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1914}
month = {Jan}
}