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Evaluation of the use of advanced information technology (expert systems) for data-base system development and emergency management in non-nuclear industries. Final report

Technical Report:

Abstract

During recent years, a number of large industrial accidents have resulted in a widespread concern with organization of emergency services and means for effective support of the distributed organizations involved in emergency management. With the aim of presenting a discussion of the potential of modern information technology for decision support during accidents, the report brings a brief review of approaches to design of decision-support systems and expert systems. From the review it is concluded that models of decision support systems based on a control theoretic point of view, together with a cognitive approach to decision task analysis offer a suitable framework. In addition, it is concluded that Advanced Information-tools for data base design and for communication support in distributed decision-making should be considered for further development. A number of recent Danish industrial accidents are reviewed and key persons interviewed in order to give a preliminary basis for judging the feasibility of the theoretical discussion. The report includes a number of recommendations for further studies to support the development of a distributed data base system for emergency management.
Publication Date:
Apr 01, 1987
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
PB-88-190913/XAB; RISO-M-2639
Reference Number:
GRA-88-62227; EDB-88-121753
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; EMERGENCY PLANS; INFORMATION SYSTEMS; EXPERT SYSTEMS; INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS; DATA BASE MANAGEMENT; SAFETY ENGINEERING; DECISION MAKING; DENMARK; OPERATIONS RESEARCH; PROGRESS REPORT; RISK ASSESSMENT; ACCIDENTS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ENGINEERING; EUROPE; MANAGEMENT; SCANDINAVIA; WESTERN EUROPE; 290300* - Energy Planning & Policy- Environment, Health, & Safety; 990300 - Information Handling
OSTI ID:
7242076
Research Organizations:
Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark)
Country of Origin:
Denmark
Language:
English
Availability:
NTIS, PC E04/MF A01.
Submitting Site:
GRA
Size:
Pages: 95
Announcement Date:
May 13, 2001

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Rasmussen, J, Pedersen, O M, and Groenberg, C D. Evaluation of the use of advanced information technology (expert systems) for data-base system development and emergency management in non-nuclear industries. Final report. Denmark: N. p., 1987. Web.
Rasmussen, J, Pedersen, O M, & Groenberg, C D. Evaluation of the use of advanced information technology (expert systems) for data-base system development and emergency management in non-nuclear industries. Final report. Denmark.
Rasmussen, J, Pedersen, O M, and Groenberg, C D. 1987. "Evaluation of the use of advanced information technology (expert systems) for data-base system development and emergency management in non-nuclear industries. Final report." Denmark.
@misc{etde_7242076,
title = {Evaluation of the use of advanced information technology (expert systems) for data-base system development and emergency management in non-nuclear industries. Final report}
author = {Rasmussen, J, Pedersen, O M, and Groenberg, C D}
abstractNote = {During recent years, a number of large industrial accidents have resulted in a widespread concern with organization of emergency services and means for effective support of the distributed organizations involved in emergency management. With the aim of presenting a discussion of the potential of modern information technology for decision support during accidents, the report brings a brief review of approaches to design of decision-support systems and expert systems. From the review it is concluded that models of decision support systems based on a control theoretic point of view, together with a cognitive approach to decision task analysis offer a suitable framework. In addition, it is concluded that Advanced Information-tools for data base design and for communication support in distributed decision-making should be considered for further development. A number of recent Danish industrial accidents are reviewed and key persons interviewed in order to give a preliminary basis for judging the feasibility of the theoretical discussion. The report includes a number of recommendations for further studies to support the development of a distributed data base system for emergency management.}
place = {Denmark}
year = {1987}
month = {Apr}
}