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Distillation of shale

Abstract

The retort consists of a trough fitted with a hood, the edges of which hood dip into a channel of water formed round the sides of the trough, and thereby seal the retort. The shale is introduced at one end of the hood through a double-valved inlet hopper, and is moved along the retort by transverse scrapers or paddles. At the other end it falls through a double-valved outlet upon a set of firebars which carry it along under the retort, where either alone or in admixture with other fuel it is used for heating the vessel. The vapors from the shale pass off through pipes in the hood, or an inverted channel may be formed along the center of the hood for collecting the vapors from different parts of the vessel. The scrapers are worked by rocking shafts supported on bearings in the edges of the trough, and are made to feather when moving in a direction from the discharged end. Levers from the rocking shafts project down into the water channel, where they are connected with horizontal bars made to reciprocate longitudinally by suitable means, thus working the scrapers without using stuffing-boxes. Rotating scrapers may be substituted for  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 05, 1877
Product Type:
Patent
Report Number:
GB; 57
Reference Number:
EDB-78-094707
Subject:
04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; OIL SHALES; DISTILLATION; RETORTS; DESIGN; HOPPERS; SEALS; VAPORS; BITUMINOUS MATERIALS; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHEMICAL REACTORS; CONTAINERS; ENERGY SOURCES; FLUIDS; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; GASES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; 040402* - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Surface Methods
OSTI ID:
7210966
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
GB
Size:
Pages: v
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Anderson, J. Distillation of shale. United Kingdom: N. p., 1877. Web.
Anderson, J. Distillation of shale. United Kingdom.
Anderson, J. 1877. "Distillation of shale." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_7210966,
title = {Distillation of shale}
author = {Anderson, J}
abstractNote = {The retort consists of a trough fitted with a hood, the edges of which hood dip into a channel of water formed round the sides of the trough, and thereby seal the retort. The shale is introduced at one end of the hood through a double-valved inlet hopper, and is moved along the retort by transverse scrapers or paddles. At the other end it falls through a double-valved outlet upon a set of firebars which carry it along under the retort, where either alone or in admixture with other fuel it is used for heating the vessel. The vapors from the shale pass off through pipes in the hood, or an inverted channel may be formed along the center of the hood for collecting the vapors from different parts of the vessel. The scrapers are worked by rocking shafts supported on bearings in the edges of the trough, and are made to feather when moving in a direction from the discharged end. Levers from the rocking shafts project down into the water channel, where they are connected with horizontal bars made to reciprocate longitudinally by suitable means, thus working the scrapers without using stuffing-boxes. Rotating scrapers may be substituted for the reciprocating ones.}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1877}
month = {Jan}
}