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Hydrocarbon oils

Abstract

Hydrocarbon oils are hydrogenated, cracked, or treated for the removal of sulfur by bringing their vapors mixed with steam at temperatures between 450 and 600/sup 0/C into contact with a form of carbon that is capable of decomposing steam with the production of nascent hydrogen at those temperatures. The forms of carbon used include lamp-black, soot, charcoals derived from wood, cellulose, and lignite, and carbons obtained by carbonizing oil residues and other organic bodies at temperatures below 600/sup 0/C. The process is applied to the treatment of coal oil, shale oil, petroleum, and lignite oil. In examples, kerosene is cracked at 570/sup 0/C, cracked spirit is hydrogenated at 500/sup 0/C, and shale spirit is desulfurized at 530/sup 0/C. The products are led to a condenser and thence to a scrubber, where they are washed with creosote oil. After desulfurization, the products are washed with dilute caustic soda to remove sulfurretted hydrogen.
Publication Date:
Dec 12, 1916
Product Type:
Patent
Report Number:
GB 133059
Reference Number:
EDB-79-000582
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL LIQUIDS; DESULFURIZATION; PETROLEUM; SHALE OIL; SULFUR; REMOVAL; CARBON; CATALYTIC CRACKING; HIGH TEMPERATURE; HYDROGEN; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CRACKING; CRYOGENIC FLUIDS; DECOMPOSITION; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; FLUIDS; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; MINERAL OILS; NONMETALS; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PYROLYSIS; SYNTHETIC FUELS; SYNTHETIC PETROLEUM; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; 020400* - Petroleum- Processing; 040404 - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Purification; 010402 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Purification & Upgrading
OSTI ID:
7205019
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
GB
Size:
Pages: v
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Foorwood, G F, and Taplay, J G. Hydrocarbon oils. United Kingdom: N. p., 1916. Web.
Foorwood, G F, & Taplay, J G. Hydrocarbon oils. United Kingdom.
Foorwood, G F, and Taplay, J G. 1916. "Hydrocarbon oils." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_7205019,
title = {Hydrocarbon oils}
author = {Foorwood, G F, and Taplay, J G}
abstractNote = {Hydrocarbon oils are hydrogenated, cracked, or treated for the removal of sulfur by bringing their vapors mixed with steam at temperatures between 450 and 600/sup 0/C into contact with a form of carbon that is capable of decomposing steam with the production of nascent hydrogen at those temperatures. The forms of carbon used include lamp-black, soot, charcoals derived from wood, cellulose, and lignite, and carbons obtained by carbonizing oil residues and other organic bodies at temperatures below 600/sup 0/C. The process is applied to the treatment of coal oil, shale oil, petroleum, and lignite oil. In examples, kerosene is cracked at 570/sup 0/C, cracked spirit is hydrogenated at 500/sup 0/C, and shale spirit is desulfurized at 530/sup 0/C. The products are led to a condenser and thence to a scrubber, where they are washed with creosote oil. After desulfurization, the products are washed with dilute caustic soda to remove sulfurretted hydrogen.}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1916}
month = {Dec}
}