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General aspects of radiation injury

Journal Article:

Abstract

Radiation injury in living organisms was discussed. Physical effects of nuclear irradiation fell into two categories: early effects and late effects. The former occurred invariably by nuclear irradiation above a certain dose, but the latter occurred according to the probability based on the exposure dosage. Late effects included cancer and leukemia which had no specific pathology as compared with non-irradiation induced or leukemia, and their latent periods were long. Because of difficulty in clarifying the cause-and-effect relationship, etiological studies such as McKenzie's or Myrden's, were required. In their studies on the relationship between fluoroscopy and thoracic malignant tumors, prognoses of pulmonary tuberculosis patients who had or had not received multiple fluoroscopies during artificial pneumothorax treatment were followed. The results showed no significant difference between the two groups of patients. Nuclear radiation induced leukemia corresponded to the exposure dose. According to that, exposure dosage of radiological workers was reduced yearly. The latent period of people having low exposure was comparatively prolonged. Medical exposure in radiation therapy was confined to the affected areas and to a small number of patients, although the exposure dose was high. On the other hand, exposure for medical diagnosis was criticized because in spite of its low  More>>
Authors:
Kitabatake, T [1] 
  1. Niigata Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1974
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-76-038277
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Shoni Geka Naika; (Japan); Journal Volume: 6:12
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; HUMAN POPULATIONS; RADIATION INJURIES; DELAYED RADIATION EFFECTS; EARLY RADIATION EFFECTS; EPIDEMIOLOGY; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATION QUALITY; RADIOTHERAPY; SIDE EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; DOSES; INJURIES; MEDICINE; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; POPULATIONS; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIOLOGY; THERAPY; 560151* - Radiation Effects on Animals- Man
OSTI ID:
7196794
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: SGNAD
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 1097-1101
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Kitabatake, T. General aspects of radiation injury. Japan: N. p., 1974. Web.
Kitabatake, T. General aspects of radiation injury. Japan.
Kitabatake, T. 1974. "General aspects of radiation injury." Japan.
@misc{etde_7196794,
title = {General aspects of radiation injury}
author = {Kitabatake, T}
abstractNote = {Radiation injury in living organisms was discussed. Physical effects of nuclear irradiation fell into two categories: early effects and late effects. The former occurred invariably by nuclear irradiation above a certain dose, but the latter occurred according to the probability based on the exposure dosage. Late effects included cancer and leukemia which had no specific pathology as compared with non-irradiation induced or leukemia, and their latent periods were long. Because of difficulty in clarifying the cause-and-effect relationship, etiological studies such as McKenzie's or Myrden's, were required. In their studies on the relationship between fluoroscopy and thoracic malignant tumors, prognoses of pulmonary tuberculosis patients who had or had not received multiple fluoroscopies during artificial pneumothorax treatment were followed. The results showed no significant difference between the two groups of patients. Nuclear radiation induced leukemia corresponded to the exposure dose. According to that, exposure dosage of radiological workers was reduced yearly. The latent period of people having low exposure was comparatively prolonged. Medical exposure in radiation therapy was confined to the affected areas and to a small number of patients, although the exposure dose was high. On the other hand, exposure for medical diagnosis was criticized because in spite of its low exposure dose, the exposed population was extremely large.}
journal = {Shoni Geka Naika; (Japan)}
volume = {6:12}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1974}
month = {Dec}
}