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Radiation environment of proton accelerators and storage rings

Abstract

These lecture notes survey the physical processes that give rise to the stray-radiation environment of proton synchrotrons and storage rings, with emphasis on their importance for radiation protection. The origins of the prompt radiation field (which disappears when the accelerator is switched off) are described in some detail: proton-nucleus interactions, extranuclear cascades, muon generation and transport. The effects of induced radioactivity in the accelerator structure and surroundings, notably in iron, concrete, air, and water, are discussed, and methods for monitoring hadrons in the radiation environment outside the accelerator are listed. Seventy-six references to the literature are included.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Mar 08, 1976
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CERN-76-04
Reference Number:
AIX-07-260403; EDB-77-032168
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; STORAGE RINGS; BACKGROUND RADIATION; SYNCHROTRONS; ACCELERATORS; BARYON REACTIONS; BUILDING MATERIALS; CHARGED-PARTICLE REACTIONS; CYCLIC ACCELERATORS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; ELEMENTS; ENERGY RANGE; FERMIONS; FLUIDS; GASES; GEV RANGE; HADRON REACTIONS; HAZARDS; HEALTH HAZARDS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; LEPTONS; MATERIALS; METALS; NUCLEAR REACTIONS; NUCLEON REACTIONS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RADIATIONS; SHIELDING; SHOWERS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; 430100* - Particle Accelerators- Design, Development, & Operation; 430400 - Particle Accelerators- Storage Rings
OSTI ID:
7133408
Research Organizations:
European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland)
Country of Origin:
CERN
Language:
English
Availability:
INIS
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 65
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Stevenson, G R. Radiation environment of proton accelerators and storage rings. CERN: N. p., 1976. Web.
Stevenson, G R. Radiation environment of proton accelerators and storage rings. CERN.
Stevenson, G R. 1976. "Radiation environment of proton accelerators and storage rings." CERN.
@misc{etde_7133408,
title = {Radiation environment of proton accelerators and storage rings}
author = {Stevenson, G R}
abstractNote = {These lecture notes survey the physical processes that give rise to the stray-radiation environment of proton synchrotrons and storage rings, with emphasis on their importance for radiation protection. The origins of the prompt radiation field (which disappears when the accelerator is switched off) are described in some detail: proton-nucleus interactions, extranuclear cascades, muon generation and transport. The effects of induced radioactivity in the accelerator structure and surroundings, notably in iron, concrete, air, and water, are discussed, and methods for monitoring hadrons in the radiation environment outside the accelerator are listed. Seventy-six references to the literature are included.}
place = {CERN}
year = {1976}
month = {Mar}
}